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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18760110">
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>COTTON, MAYOR.</p>
<p>THIRD SESSION, HELD JANUARY 10TH, 1876.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED, BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS & SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 10th, 1876, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-1" type="surname" value="COTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-1" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES RICHMOND"/>WILLIAM JAMES RICHMOND COTTON</persName> </hi>, M.P.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-2" type="surname" value="MELLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MELLOR</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Queen's Bench; Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-3" type="surname" value="DENMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-3" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DENMAN</persName> </hi>, one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas;
<persName id="t18760110-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-4" type="surname" value="FINNIS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-4" type="given" value="THOMAS QUESTED"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS QUESTED FINNIS</hi> </persName>, Esq.,
<persName id="t18760110-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-5" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-5" type="given" value="WILLIAM FERNELEY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM FERNELEY ALLEN</hi> </persName>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-6" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-7" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-7" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>, Bart., M.P.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-8" type="surname" value="MCARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-8" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCARTHUR</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-9" type="surname" value="FIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-9" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FIGGINS</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-10" type="surname" value="HADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-10" type="given" value="SIMEON CHARLES"/>SIMEON CHARLES HADLEY</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-11" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-12" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-12" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-13" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-13" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18760110-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-14" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-14" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDGAR BREFFIT</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-15" type="surname" value="BAYLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-15" type="given" value="EDGAR ALEXANDER"/>EDGAR ALEXANDER BAYLIS</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18760110-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-16" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-16" type="given" value="HENRY HOMEWOOD"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY HOMEWOOD CRAWFORD</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COTTON, MAYOR. THIRD SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th, and part of Tuesday, January</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>:—</p>
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<p>92.
<persName id="def1-92-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-92-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18760110" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18760110" type="surname" value="BACH"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18760110" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUIS BACH</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-92-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-92-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-92-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-92-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-92-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-92-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing six pencil cases and other property of
<persName id="t18760110-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-18" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-18" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-92-offence-1 t18760110-name-18"/>George Bishop</persName> and others, his masters—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-92-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-92-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-92-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18760110 t18760110-92-punishment-1"/>Twelve Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>93.
<persName id="def1-93-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-93-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18760110" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18760110" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18760110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JONES</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-93-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-93-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-93-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-93-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-93-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-93-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing a cash-box, a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, and other property of
<persName id="t18760110-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-20" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-20" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-93-offence-1 t18760110-name-20"/>Daniel Dean</persName> in his dwelling-house—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-93-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-93-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-93-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18760110 t18760110-93-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Month's Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18760110-94" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-94" type="date" value="18760110"/>
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<p>94.
<persName id="def1-94-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-94-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18760110" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18760110" type="surname" value="SIMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18760110" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SIMS</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-94-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-94-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-94-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-94-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-94-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-94-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18760110-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-22" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-22" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-94-offence-1 t18760110-name-22"/>Samuel Sewell</persName> and stealing six forks. six spoons, and other goods, having been before convicted of felony. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-94-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-94-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-94-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18760110 t18760110-94-punishment-3"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>95.
<persName id="def1-95-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-95-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18760110" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18760110" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18760110" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA LEWIS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-95-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-95-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-95-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-95-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-95-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-95-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to three indictments for forging and uttering receipts for the payment of 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-95-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-95-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-95-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18760110 t18760110-95-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18760110-96" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-96-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18760110 t18760110-96-offence-1 t18760110-96-verdict-1"/>
<p>96.
<persName id="def1-96-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-96-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18760110" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18760110" type="surname" value="KILLICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18760110" type="given" value="ROBERT HENRY BATHOE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT HENRY BATHOE KILLICK</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-96-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-96-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-96-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-96-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-96-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-96-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to two indictments for embezzling monies of
<persName id="t18760110-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-25" type="surname" value="ASTON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-25" type="given" value="JOSEPH KIECH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-96-offence-1 t18760110-name-25"/>Joseph Kiech Aston</persName>, his master, and to unlawfully obtaining 24
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18760110-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-26" type="surname" value="HALFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-26" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-96-offence-1 t18760110-name-26"/>Christopher Halford</persName> by false pretences—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-96-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-96-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-96-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18760110 t18760110-96-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>97.
<hi rend="italic">In the case of</hi>
<persName id="def1-97-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-97-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18760110" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18760110" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18760110" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY HOWARD</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-97-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-97-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-97-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>,
<hi rend="italic">charged with unlawfully pub
<lb/>lishing a libel of and concerning Mary Alyce Thornycroft</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">, the Jury, upon, the evidence of Mr. John Rowland Gibson, surgeon of Newgate,
<rs id="t18760110-97-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-97-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-97-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="unfitToPlead"/>found the prisoner insane and unfit to plead</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-97-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-97-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-97-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18760110 t18760110-97-punishment-6"/>Ordered to be detained until Her Majesty's pleasure be known.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-98">
<interp inst="t18760110-98" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-98" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-98-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18760110 t18760110-98-offence-1 t18760110-98-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-98-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-98-18760110 t18760110-98-offence-1 t18760110-98-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-98-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-98-18760110 t18760110-98-offence-1 t18760110-98-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-98-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-98-18760110 t18760110-98-offence-1 t18760110-98-verdict-1"/>
<p>98.
<persName id="def1-98-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-98-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18760110" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18760110" type="surname" value="COLLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18760110" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH COLLEMAN</hi> (28)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-98-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-98-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-98-18760110" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def2-98-18760110" type="surname" value="BOBROWNICKI"/>
<interp inst="def2-98-18760110" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER BOBROWNICKI</hi> (45)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-98-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-98-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-98-18760110" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def3-98-18760110" type="surname" value="LOUIS"/>
<interp inst="def3-98-18760110" type="given" value="FRANCOIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCOIS LOUIS</hi> (47)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def4-98-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-98-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def4-98-18760110" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def4-98-18760110" type="surname" value="CHAVANNES"/>
<interp inst="def4-98-18760110" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CHAVANNES</hi> (47)</persName> were in
<lb/>dicted for
<rs id="t18760110-98-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-98-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-98-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> unlawfully inciting one
<persName id="t18760110-name-32">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-32" type="surname" value="PALLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-32" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>Arthur Edward Pallett</persName>, a servant of
<persName id="t18760110-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-33" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-33" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-33" type="occupation" value="clerk and manager of chemical works"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-98-offence-1 t18760110-name-33"/>Arthur William Ellis</persName> to steal a book, his property.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—To steal samples of Prussian blue.
<hi rend="italic">Other Counts</hi>—For inciting
<persName id="t18760110-name-34">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-34" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-34" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John. Rogers</persName> to steal the book.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HORACE AVORY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-35" type="surname" value="PALLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-35" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PALLETT</persName> </hi>. I am gatekeeper at the Woodford station—about the 4th November last Colleman called upon me and asked me where Mr. Ellis lived—I pointed over to the house, being nigh the rail—he asked me how long he had been living there—I told him about three or four years—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100004"/>
<p>asked where his factory was; I said at Millwall—he asked me if I knew anything about Mr. Ellis; I said yes, I had good reason for I had got a son at work for him—he said that was just what he wanted to know; he wanted to find out some information for some Frenchmen concerning the colours—he said if I did not say anything to Mr. Ellis, nor my son about it it would be many a crown in my pocket if I could get any information, and he and one of the Frenchmen would be sure and come down nest day—that was all that passed; he took the train and went off and I did not see him any more.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen him before—he came to me and had this conversation in a perfectly open way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-36" type="surname" value="PALLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-36" type="given" value="ARTHUR EDWARD"/>ARTHUR EDWARD PALLETT</persName> </hi>. I am clerk and manager to Arthur William Ellis, of the Chemical Works, Millwall—they are the premises of Messrs. Simpson and Payne—Mr. Ellis is a contractor—he contracts to make sul phate of ammonia and Prussian blue—on 6th November, about 12 o'clock in the day, a boy brought me a message, in consequence of which I went to the gate of the factory and there saw Colleman; I had never seen him before—he asked me if I left off at 12 o'clock—I said "No, not till 1"—he said "Are you Mr. Pallett,?"—I said "Yes"—he said he had been down to my father's at Woodford a few evenings ago, that he was speaking to him on a little matter, and he should like to have a little private conversation with me, and asked if I could appoint a place to meet him at 1 o'clock, which I did at the Anchor and Hope, Millwall—I went there at 1 o'clock—and found Colleman outside; we then walked on towards Limehouse—he asked me if Mr. Ellis had a patent for the manufacture of ammonia—I said I believed he had—he asked me if water was used with the ammonia; I said I did not know—he said he wanted the information for some French
<lb/>men, and asked me if it was sold in a powder or liquid—I said in a powder—he said he would pay me for the information if I gave it to him—I said "You are asking me these questions, and I don't know who or what you are, and if I answer them I shall get myself into great trouble"—he asked me if I remembered a foreigner named Alexander being at the works about two years ago—I said I did not, as I had not been there so long—when I spoke about getting into trouble he said that he was a sworn interpreter and any thing I should tell him could not possibly be heard of by anyone again—he asked me some further questions about the Prussian blue; he asked me if Mr. Ellis made colours—I said yes he made several colours—he said "Any blue?"—I said yes, I had seen Mr. Ellis experimenting with blue—he asked me if it was sold in the powder or the liquid, and who were the buyers—I said I did not know—he then gave me half a crown and this card. (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "</hi> F. Colleman, interpreter, 3, Great Queen Street, Westmins
<lb/>ter.") He had a small piece of paper in his hands when he was talking to me, nothing else; no pencil—about ten minutes afterwards he asked me the different ingredients that were used to manufacture blue—I said I could not tell him, as Mr. Ellis was so dose when he was experimenting that I could not possibly see them; he always put it down in a book that he kept for the purpose—he then asked me if I could possibly get hold of that book, and if I could take it to him he would take me to the Frenchmen and I should have 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—I said "I don't think I can, as Mr. Ellis generally keeps it locked up"—he then asked me to get a copy of it, to copy it out and take it up to him—I said I would and an appoint
<lb/>ment was made for me to take it there on the following Wednesday, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100005"/>
<p>if I could get it before I was to write to him and let him know that I had got it; but when I wrote I was not to mention what I had got, I was to say "I have got what you want" and if there was anything farther he would write to me and let me know what what was wanted—he said I was to address him as "Dear Friend"—I asked him if he had not better get the Frenchmen to write to me—he said "They won't be d——fool enough to do that"—he gave me the address of the Frenchmen, 5, Fitzroy Square, and said if I wrote to him that would find him—that was all that was said at that interview—I made a communication to Mr. Ellis that night; I told him what had transpired—he gave me certain instructions, and on 8th November I wrote to Colleman and on 10th I received this answer—I subsequently had conversation with Colleman about it. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Your letter addressed to me at 5, Fitzroy Square, has been duly handed to me. I would wish all communications to be addressed to my residence, 3, Great Queen Street, Westminster. As soon as you can get copy and index write to me at my address as above, and I will then write to you making—appointment where to meet") I then wrote this letter and sent it to Colleman. (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "</hi> It will take me a week to make a copy of what we talked about, as I can only get at it when the governor is out of the way, &c.") I received this reply. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th November, appoint
<lb/>ing a meeting on Monday evening.</hi>) In consequence of that letter 1 went up to London and went to Colleman's house, 3, Great Queen Street, West
<lb/>minster, and saw him there—he asked me what I had got—I said I had got the index—he said "Is that all?"—I said "Yes"—he said "Oh, that is no d——use," that he had written to or seen the Frenchmen to say that I was coming up that night and bring ail with me—I told him it was impossible for me to do it in the time, to copy the whole of the book, it would take me a week or more; but if they pointed out from the index what they wanted I would get it for them—he then asked me what my charge was—I told him 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to get what they wanted—he said "Oh, that is nonsense, they won't give you no 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. The Frenchmen are not so free in parting with their money as to give you 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for that"—I said I did not mean 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for what I had got, that I wanted 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the index, before they had the index, and for two or three samples that I had, and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. more when I had got the copy of the book—he said they would not give so much as that, that he had spoken to his governor Mr. Smith, and Mr. Smith said that if they were gentlemen they ought to give me at least two guineas—I said two guineas would not pay me for the risk and trouble 1 was running, but I would take 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. besides the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said "Very well, I will tell them what you want"—he then took me to 5, Fitzroy Square; we went by omnibus—the door was opened by a female—Colle
<lb/>man asked if Mr. Louis was in—she said no, but his nephew was—he said "He will do"—she then turned round and said "Oh here is Mr. Louis," and I then saw the prisoner Louis—Colleman said something to him in French, which I did not understand, and he bowed to me; I expect to in
<lb/>troduce me—we then went into a billiard room there and waited there while they played a game—Louis then took me and Colleman up three flights of stairs to a room with a bed in it—I there saw Chavannes sitting in an easy chair—what then passed was in French—Colleman then asked me if I remembered a Mr. Alexander being at the factory about two asked years ago—I said I did not—Louis then went to the door and Alexander or Bobrownicki walked in—they were then all present—they commenced to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100006"/>
<p>question me about the samples I had taken wit. me—Bobr wniki asked me the names of them—I gave them to Colleman and he handed them to Chavannes, and Bobrownicki asked me the names of them—I told him the different names of them, and he asked me the name of the powder—I told him it was Prussian blue—he said "That's right," and asked me if it was manufactured at the works—I said "Yes"—he asked if I knew in what quantity it was manufactured—I said no I did not, they made a great deal of it—he then got some paper and a pencil and asked me to write down from the index something about ten gallons of Columb water, because they wanted to know how much liquour it took to produce the ten gallons—I can hardly think now what the questions were, there were several, and who were the buyers of Prussian blue, and the price it was sold at—I put that down on paper—I gave the paper to Colleman and he read it to the others—Chavannes then gave me 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; that was for taking the index and samples, and they agreed to give me 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. when I brought the book, when I brought the copy of the book—they asked me when I thought I could bring it, and I told them by the end of that week or the beginning of the next—an appointment was made for the following Saturday at 5 o'clock at Colleman's house; I was to go there and take it, and he would take me on to Fitzroy Square—after we got out of the house and on the platform at St. James's Park station I asked him if 1 had not better bring a man up with me that knew more about it than I did—he said "No, you will be a fool if you do, you will get all you want out of him for a pot or two of beer, or even if you have to give him half a crown you will get half a sovereign for all half-crowns you give him; if you bring him up the Frenchmen will think it looks suspicious, that he did not want to have any thing to do with another man if he could help it—he then said he had got this for me, and what was I going to stand him out of it—I gave him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—previous to this I said "I suppose your governor is solicitor for these gen
<lb/>tlemen"—he said "Oh no, he is a private detective"—I was speaking of Mr. Smith, his master—I said "I suppose the third gentleman that came into the room was Alexander who used to be down at the works"—he said "Oh no, he was not there this evening"—after I gave him the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. he said "Now, Pallett, you do all you can for these men, get all these questions asked and get another sample or so and bring up to me to take them on the following Saturday"—I then left—I afterwards received this letter, dated the 19th, asking me to come up next day—I did so, and brought Rogers with me, acting under Mr. Ellis' directions—I went with Rogers to 3, Great Queen Street, Westminster—Colleman admitted us and took us to 5, Fitzroy Square—on the way Colleman asked Rogers if he remembered a foreigner being at the works about two years ago, and he said no—he asked if we were prepared to answer all that they might ask us—we said yes, we thought we were—he said, "Very well," and asked Rogers if be could speak French—Rogers said he could not, but he could speak very good Irish—when we got to Fitzroy Square we went up into the same room—Louis, Chavannes, and the female were there and we were introduced to them—they asked Rogers if he remembered Mr. Alexander being at the works about two years ago—he said no, he had only been there for a short time—the door was then opened and Bobrownicki came in—they then com
<lb/>menced to ask Rogers upon the samples—they took three samples off the cupboard and put the questions in French through Colleman, and he inter
<lb/>preted them in English—Rogers answered them as far as he could, about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100007"/>
<p>the blue and the two liquids—they then commenced to question him about the nuke of Prussian blue, how much was made, and who were the buyers at Bradford, in Yorkshire, and also about the ten gallons of columb water—Rogers said he could not answer them in that way, he could not get at the different ingredients used without consulting Mr. Ellis' book—Bobrounicki then asked him in English if he could get Mr. Ellis' book—Rogers said he did not think he could as Mr. Ellis kept it locked up—Bobrownicki told him if he got that book and took it up to him on Wednesday night he would give him 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.-Bobrow
<lb/>nicki gave me 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on this occasion, and Rogers, Colleman, and I then went downstairs and found three policemen at the door in plain clothes and Colleman was apprehended; he said nothing—Rogers, Colle
<lb/>man, and I then went into the house again and the others were taken in custody—they had a warrant—a short gentleman, not one of the prisoners, asked me to give the money back which I had received—they were re
<lb/>manded from time to time and then discharged, and then this bill was found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>. I have been in Mr. Ellis' employ about fourteen months—he is a contractor and works for Simpson and Payne—I was not aware that Bobrownicki had a patent in respect of this matter, or that rightly or wrongly he thought that Mr. Ellis was infring
<lb/>ing it—I had two interviews with Colleman on Saturday and three after
<lb/>wards, two of which were at Fitzroy Square—when I was first introduced to Chavannes and Bobrownicki and Louis I promised to bring a copy of the book for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—a sample of blue was also to be brought—I do not know what it was to be put into; it is a powder—I was permitted by Mr. Ellis to make a copy of the index—I don't know whether the book is in his writing—I never looked through it—what I have seen him write was in English—it is what he writes down when be makes experiments himself—I remember being examined and cross-examined before the Magistrate, Mr. Newton—Mr. Ellis was represented by a solicitor—I mentioned before the Magistrate that I heard Bobrownicki say that if Rogers got the book and took it to him on Wednesday he would give him 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. will not swear that, but I believe I did—I have seen Mr. Froggatt, she solicitor two or three times in the matter, three times at the outside—I never heard Chavannes or Louis speak a word of English—Bobrownicki speaks very broken English—he was at one end of the table, and I, Rogers, and Colle
<lb/>man at the other—I took no sample on the last occasion; the only sample I took was on the 10th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have only seen the inside of Mr. Ellis' book when he was writing—I do not know whether he was writing in English or Latin—when Colleman addressed them in French he was seemingly translating and they were all present and could hear what took place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>. The 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to be given for the book, I understood, and not for a copy of it; he was asked to get the book and he was to have 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he spoke very broken English, but I could understand it—I think he was speaking of the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE JURY</hi>. I was not asked to bring the samples on the first occa
<lb/>sion; I brought them on my own account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-37" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROGERS</persName> </hi>. I now live at 6, Underwood Street, City Road—I am a house decorator by trade—in November last I had certain communications</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100008"/>
<p>with Mr. Ellis, and in consequence of instructions from him on 20th November I went to 3, Queen Street, Westminster, with Arthur Pallett—I there saw Colleman—he asked me if I was ready to answer any questions that would be put to me by some parties to whom he was going to intro
<lb/>duce me, respecting the manufacture of blue—I said "Yes"—he said he was employed by a person named Smith, of Ironmonger Lane, City, to make these inquiries on behalf of some gentlemen who were about to establish a manufactory of blue—on the way to the omnibus he asked me if I spoke French—I said no, I spoke Irish, by way of a joke—we went to 5, Fitzroy Square, to the third floor, and in a back room there I was in
<lb/>troduced by Colleman to Chavannes, Louis, and a lady—Chavannes asked Colleman who I was, and Colleman said "I now introduce to you the principal workman at Mr. Ellis'" (that was said in French—I do under
<lb/>stand French thoroughly) "who is competent to answer any questions that may be put to him respecting the manufacture of blue; he is well up to his work; he has not been there very long and consequently does not know any foreigners who may be employed there"—the female interpreted what I said to Mr. Chavannes, who was lying on the bed, ill with the gout—she went together with Mr. Louis to the door and then admitted Bobrownicki—he seated himself at the table, and pens and ink and paper were produced, and he began to ask me some questions about the manu
<lb/>facture of blue—I tad tutored myself with a few answers to questions liable to be put to me—he asked me how many pounds of blue could be manufactured out of a thousand gallons of columb liquor—I answered "I think three-quarters of a hundred weight. I am not sure"—he then told Louis to bring him down two samples from the top of the cupboard, one contained in a glass and one in paper, and he asked me if I knew the nature of the contents—I told him that in the glass was sediment of manu
<lb/>factured blue, but as to the nature of the liquid in the bottle I did not know—he asked me the names of the liquids contained in the two different bottles—there were two bottles, one containing a dark liquid; there were four samples altogether—he asked me if I knew what the liquids were composed of—I told him I could not get that answer without con
<lb/>sulting Mr. Ellis' book—I first suggested the existence of the book—Bobrownicki asked me could I procure that book—I said I should have some difficulty in doing so as it was under lock and key—he said "I shall be here on Monday; can you procure the book by that time?"—I said "Yes"—he said "By what time?"—I said "By 6 o'clock on Monday evening"—I was then asked who were the purchasers of the blue and the prices Mr. Ellis sold it at, and so on—Bobrownicki asked what I wanted to procure the book and answers as to the information required, and I said 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not bring the samples with me;' Pallett did—four samples were produced to me, they had one of their own—I then went downstairs, and the prisoners were taken into custody—I was called up afterwards to in
<lb/>terpret the warrant to them—Pallett introduced me to these men as the principal workman—Colleman did not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not object to the statement that I was the prin
<lb/>cipal workman—I was once an inspector of police—I am now a messenger in Mr. Ellis' employ—I said before the Magistrate "I was asked how much I wanted for the information as to the manufacture of the blue, and 1 answered 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said very well; Bobrownicki asked if I understood the manufacture of light and dark blue—I said "Yes"—Bobrownicki asked if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100009"/>
<p>I could procure Mr. Ellis' book—I said it would be a difficult matter as I had no access to Mr. Ellis' book—I said I might perhaps obtain a copy and would endeavour to do so by Monday evening"—that meant a
<lb/>copy of the information they required respecting the sale of the blue; the" prices, the principal customers, and so forth—I did not say it as put down there—when I talked about getting a copy, I intended a copy of some information not in the book; they asked me for the names of the customers, the purchasers of the blue, and the prices, and the copy I referred to there was as to that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> At the time the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was offered me the word book was certainly mentioned—I understood that nothing but the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to be given me for the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-38" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-38" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>ARTHUR WILLIAM ELLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a manufacturing chemist—I am a contractor with Messrs. Simpson and Payne under a seven years' agree
<lb/>ment—I am not their foreman; here are my agreements—I have been. engaged there about ten years and a half—in April 1873 I took out certain patents for the manufacture of blue from ammoniacal liquor—these (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) are my patents—since then, in order to improve upon those patents, I have made certain researches in my business—I keep a rough experiment book which contains the results of certain experiments made subsequently to these patents—the book is in Court, in the hands of my private solicitor—it contains the results of researches extending over a considerable period and of very great value to myself—I was in the habit of using it almost daily for the purpose of consulting it and of jotting down the result of other enquiries; I kept it under lock and key, sometimes in my desk and sometimes I took it home to Woodford—Pallett was in my employ—I re
<lb/>member his making certain statements to me early in November, in con
<lb/>sequence of which I gave him certain instructions, and subsequently, after taking advice from my solicitor, I employed Rogers to act in concert with Pallet—neither Pallett or any other man in my employ would understand. the nature of the operations carried on by me, or be able to describe them without the aid of that book—in 1872 Bobrownicki was engaged at the works under the name of Alexander; I can't say when he left—he was there about eight months off and on—he would be aware of the existence of this book—he came there stating that he had a patent, which afterwards proved to be only a provisional patent, asking us to give him facilities at the works for practically demonstrating the value of it—he tried the patent—it utterly failed—my assistance was asked—I gave it, and his complete specification was patented through the knowledge he there ob
<lb/>tained through me, which complete specification was at total variance with the provisional one—it lapsed because the stamp duty was not paid—the entries in my book had nothing whatever to do with that patent of Alexander; in the one air was used, in the other steam—Pallett, the gate-keeper, was the first who gave me information about the visit of Colleman to my place, and subsequently Pallett junior—I applied first to my private solicitor, who advised me to go to inspector Greenfield—he said it was not a matter that he could take up and recommended me to a private inquiry man—the book contains the groundwork of the patents that I am about to take out; more comprehensive patents—there are some entries in French; the rest of the book is chiefly written in English, and those parts I wish to keep secret are written in chemical symbols—I could not put a value on the book; it is one of considerable value to me—I have been paid some hundreds of pounds on these patents—it contains secrets known only to myself.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE JURY</hi>. When Bobrownicki came to demonstrate his provisional specification he saw the book and made an entry in it—I could not speak French thoroughly at that time and I asked him to write down what he wanted done—he had access to the book when I gave it to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I know a gentleman named Thomas Christie who carries on business at 155, Fenchurch Street—I do not know that in 1872 he was introduced to Bobrownicki; I have seen them in contact—I am aware that a provisional patent of Bobrownicki's in reference to the prepara
<lb/>tion of ammoniacal liquid was registered in 1872—it was registered jointly in his name and Mr. Christie's—I am informed that in May, 1872, there was an arrangement between Christie and Messrs. Simpson and Payne for Simpson and Payne to work that patent—I cannot explain it—I am in the position of a contractor and, therefore, I don't know what Simpson and Payne do; all I know is from what I have heard—I was acting as con
<lb/>tractor for them in 1872—I do not know of any private arrangement between Bobrownicki and Christie, by which, in consideration of Christie having advanced monies, Bobrownicki had agreed to assist in the working of that patent—I have been informed that in August, 1872, there was an arrangement by which a person named Fenner, Christie, and Messrs. Simpson and Payne were jointly to engage in working Bobrownicki's patent—I don't know it of my own personal knowledge—it was after that that Bobrownicki came to the premises and made certain experiments; that would be about June 1872, the entry in my book is the 11th—he was engaged experimenting there I should say three or four months, off and on—I was frequently ex
<lb/>perimenting with him—the results of one or two of those experiments would be written down in my book—the only writing of Bobrownicki's in the book would be in reference to the first provisional specification—thereis writing of his in the book; there is the direction which I asked him in the first place, on 11th June, to give me, because I was satisfied the thing would not answer—there is the book, it will speak for itself; the pages that are gummed together I do not wish to be opened—I know nothing of Simpson and Payne, Fenner, Christie, and Webley meeting from time to time in reference to the working of this patent of Bobrownicki's—I know nothing except that I have seen Bobrowuicki, Christie, and Fenner together—sub
<lb/>sequently to my indicting them for this offence I heard that certain pro
<lb/>ceedings were threatened by Bobrownicki against Simpson and Payne; but I don't believe it—my patent was taken out in 1873 by Messrs. Bell, Crowder, and Greenfield—I never heard the name of Taylor, Howe, and Co.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is my rough experiment book—this (
<hi rend="italic">re
<lb/>ferring to it</hi>) is the only entry of Bobrownicki's that I know of—my subsequent entries have nothing whatever to do with any information derived from Bobrownicki or his entry in 1872—I never heard a word about any litigation until after I had brought this charge—I have had a great deal of money offered for my patents and refused it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>. The object that 1 and Bobrownicki wished to obtain by our patents was the same—I was pursuing that object by the original process which I began in 1868—we were pursuing the object by the different processes—my object in the experiments, the results of which I have entered in this book, was to improve my own process, so that in case 1 wanted to renew my patents I might renew them upon wider specifications and upon improved principles; I anticipated taking patents out before these two lapsed—I presume that Bobrownicki wanted if his own process had succeeded</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100011"/>
<p>to carry it out—in the notes of the experiments there are notes of some failures; some of my own even were failures—after long trying I would arrive at results that would be satisfactory—the notes are notes of failures as well as of successes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-39" type="surname" value="GREENFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-39" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GREENFIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector R</hi>). On 20th November last, about 7 o'clock, in consequence of instructions I received I went with detectives Boyle and Helston to Fitzroy Square with a warrant—Colleman was pointed out to me leaving the house—I stopped him and told him I had a warrant to apprehend him and three others for inciting a man to steal a book; he said "Me! I am only a poor interpreter, and am paid for what I interpret"—I then went upstairs at 5, Fitzroy Square, and found the other three prisoners—I had the warrant read to them in French and told them they must consider themselves in custody—Chavannes was suffering. from gout, and I sent for a doctor and had him examined—I could not understand what was said, because some of it was in French, Boyle, who, understands French, will speak to that—I sent them all to the station except Chavanaes—I left him at the house in charge of a constable—at the time I took them into custody I told Bobrownicki that I wanted some papers that he had got, and he handed me some papers, and amongst them were two that had been taken to him by Pallett previously, relating to liquors—Colleman afterwards said to me that he should round on the whole lot of them, that his master was nearly as bad as the others for he had found him no counsel or bail.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He also said "There is one thing wrong, that is to say I said 1 would have 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the book; I did not say that, and I would stand twelve months before I would."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-40" type="surname" value="BOYLE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BOYLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective E</hi>). On 20th November last, in consequence of information, I followed Pallett and Rogers to 3, Great Queen Street, and saw them leave that house with Colleman—I followed them to 5, Fitzroy Square; I waited outside—when Colleman came out I pointed him out to Greenfield and he was taken into custody—I then went back there with Greenfield and Colleman and found the other three prisoners and a lady-Rogers read the warrant to them—I understand French—the warrant was read first to Bobrownicki, and he said in English "It is ridiculous; I am a partner in the patent"—the warrant was then read to the others-Louis said that Bobrownicki was the father of the patent and remarked that it would cause a great deal of scandal, and he considered it a million in each of their pockets—when the warrant was read by Rogers to Chavannes, he said he would have nothing to do with Rogers; and Ross read it to him—he then said "It is all nonsense, I don't understand it; it is an ambush"—he had some conversation with Ross—Pallett was pointed out to him, and he asked Pallett to return him the money; but I told him not to do so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">At the commencement of the case</hi>, after
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>'
<hi rend="italic">opening</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that as it was evident no larceny of the book was intended, there could be no inciting to commit a larceny; and, therefore, there was no case. What the defendants wanted was to obtain certain information contained in the book, which could not be the subject of larceny.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that it was a question for the Jury, and cited "Reg. v.</hi> Richards, "1" Carrington and Kirwan," page 532,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> "Phillips
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> Strong, "2" East's Pleas of the Crown," page 662.
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered the case not free from difficulty, but would not withdraw it from the Jury.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100012"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">At the close of the case for the prosecution</hi> Mr. Straight
<hi rend="italic">renewed his objection and urged that in order to support the indictment there must have been on the part of the defendants an intention permanently to deprive the owner of his property; the book itself, being a chattel, would undoubtedly be the subject of larceny, but not the contents, and it was obviously only the information which the contents might afford which the defendants were anxious to obtain.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in leaving the case to the Jury, observed that if the defendants being interested in these experiments had reason to believe that the prosecutor had availed himself of information obtained from Bobrownicki to improve his own patents, and thought, rightly or wrongly, that they had a right to see what was written in the book as the results of those experiments, that would not be felonious motive. The real question was whether they intended per
<lb/>manently to deprive the owner of the possession of the book, or whether it might not be likened to the case of a school boy surreptitiously abstracting from his master's desk a key to his lessons; could the boy in that case be charged with stealing the book? Here it appeared that what the defendants wanted was the information contained in the book, and although they adopted an improper mode of proceeding in order to obtain it, the question was whether their intention was to incite to the commission of a larceny of the book, and if not they could not be found guilty.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-98-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-98-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-98-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18760110-name-41" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-41" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-41" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcom Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-99">
<interp inst="t18760110-99" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-99" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-99-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18760110 t18760110-99-offence-1 t18760110-99-verdict-1"/>
<p>99.
<persName id="def1-99-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-99-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18760110" type="surname" value="CASEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18760110" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED CASEY</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18760110-99-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-99-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-99-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-43" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-43" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD PRIOR</persName> </hi>. I am a cabdriver of 52, Vauxhall Bridge Road—on 16th December the prisoner hailed me at Charing Cross and asked me how much I would take him to Kensington for—I said "Two shillings"—he replied "That will do," and I drove him there—at the end of the journey he said "What is your fare?"—I said "Two shillings"—he said "You said half a crown"—I said "No, two shillings"—he gave me three shillings, which I put into my pocket—they were bad—I kept my eye upon him and looked for a constable—he returned to me and said "Where are you going to now?"—I said that I was going to remain to give my horse a rest—he offered me a shilling to take him to Earl's Court Road—he got into the cab and stopped at a public-house and at a baked potato stall, where I saw a police-sergeant and gave him in custody, with the three shillings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You gave me three separate shillings—I did not call you back because I was afraid of your attacking me—you made no remark to make me feel afraid—you got out on the other side of the cab when the policeman came to take you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-44" type="surname" value="FONTAINE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-44" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FONTAINE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 29). I was called by Prior and directed him to drive to the station—there I caught hold of the prisoner in the cab, who got out on the other side—I called another policeman from the station, who came out—I searched the prisoner and found one six-pence in his hand, and one sixpence and 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze in his pocket; good coin—Prior handed me these three bad shillings (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not get into the cab and catch hold of you, nor did you say "Let go; I don't want to get away"—you did not offer to escape until I apprehended you in the cab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I followed the cab—I did not lose sight of it. Malcolm Weston (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 395). I was called by the last witness</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100013"/>
<p>out of the station and saw the prisoner struggling with him—I obtained a lamp and found on the ground near the horse's heels, on the side the prisoner got out of the cab a shilling and five others wrapped up in pieces of paper separately—I said to him "How about this case," and he replied "You—, I have no
<hi rend="italic">soft</hi> on me this time; I believe I have done you";—he assaulted me, and in consequence of his violence I have been under medical treatment.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not shake the money up and say it would be made hot for you—I did not strike you in the mouth.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-45" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRADFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer T</hi>). I was at the station when the prisoner was brought there—he was violent and kicked the last witness in the testicles; he kicked me also, and said "You b——, I have got you this! time; you will find no
<hi rend="italic">snider</hi> upon me" (meaning counterfeit coin)—he took: a good sixpence out of his pocket and was in the act of putting it into his mouth when we took it from him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The Magistrate at the police-court prevented my speaking about the
<hi rend="italic">snider</hi>, saying the evidence would serve the next time—I did not say "We will make it hot for you."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The three shillings are bad, and the other five are also bad—three are from the same mould as each of the other shillings uttered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-99-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-99-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-99-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a previous conviction of a like offence in June</hi>, 1874,
<hi rend="italic">to which he.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-99-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-99-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-99-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18760110 t18760110-99-punishment-7"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-100">
<interp inst="t18760110-100" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-100" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-100-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18760110 t18760110-100-offence-1 t18760110-100-verdict-1"/>
<p>100.
<persName id="def1-100-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-100-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18760110" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18760110" type="surname" value="ALDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18760110" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMELIA ALDEN</hi>, (38)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18760110-100-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-100-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-100-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-48" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-48" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY STEVENS</persName> </hi>. I am a conductor in the service of the General Omni-bus Company—the prisoner got into my omnibus on 23rd December with her sister—she tendered me a bad shilling for the two fares—I gave her in custody, and on the way to the station she dropped a bad florin, which I picked up, and in the dock at the police-station sis or seven counterfeit coins were taken from her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-49" type="surname" value="SLADDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-49" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD SLADDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 119). I took the prisoner—at the station 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze fell into the dock, and I took from between her knees outside her clothes these seven counterfeit florins wrapped up in paper separately.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-50" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are all bad, and one shilling is from the same mould as those found on the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-100-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-100-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-100-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-100-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-100-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-100-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18760110 t18760110-100-punishment-8"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-101">
<interp inst="t18760110-101" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-101" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-101-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18760110 t18760110-101-offence-1 t18760110-101-verdict-1"/>
<p>101.
<persName id="def1-101-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-101-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18760110" type="surname" value="WETHERELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18760110" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WETHERELL</hi> </persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18760110-101-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-101-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-101-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-52" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-52" type="given" value="BYRON"/>BYRON WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am manager to the landlord of the Mitre and Dove public-house, Mitre Street, Westminster—on 14th December the prisoner tendered me a bad shilling for some beer—I asked him if he had not good cheek to come again; he denied that he had been before—he is the man that came in July last and tendered me a bad florin—he was taken before the Magistrate, remanded, and ultimately discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-53" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-53" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEACH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 81). I was on duty and saw the prisoner running, followed by the last witness—I heard a cry of "Stop him," and did so, and searched him—he said "You have no occasion to do that, I have got no more on me"—I found upon him one shilling, four sixpences,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100014"/>
<p>a threepenny piece, and 7 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, all good—I received this bad shilling from Wilson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-54" type="surname" value="GROOMES"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-54" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GROOMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 292). I took the prisoner from Mr. Wilson in July last on a charge of uttering this bad florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I found upon him nine good shillings and sixpence in bronze—he was taken to Bow Street police-court, remanded, and discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-55" type="surname" value="LAMBELL"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-55" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANC IS LAMBELL</persName> </hi>. I keep the Ship Hotel, Charing Cross—at the beginning of November the prisoner tendered me a bad half-crown for some beer—I gave him in custody with the pieces of the bad coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-56" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-56" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 225). Groomes gave the prisoner into my custody—he said that he would go wherever I liked to take him—I searched him and found 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver and 6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze, all good—I received these pieces of counterfeit coin from Groomes (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the prisoner was remanded and discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-57" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This piece of half a crown and this one shilling are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> He said "Don't run away." That observation in
<lb/>cited me to do so, and I was not aware that the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was bad, and the public-house is close to my home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-101-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-101-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-101-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-101-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-101-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-101-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18760110 t18760110-101-punishment-9"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> to, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following Prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>:—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-102">
<interp inst="t18760110-102" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-102" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-102-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18760110 t18760110-102-offence-1 t18760110-102-verdict-1"/>
<p>102.
<persName id="def1-102-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-102-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18760110" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18760110" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18760110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BROWN</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-102-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-102-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-102-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-102-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-102-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-102-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to two indictments for embezzling the sums of 93
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 91
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,"' and 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18760110-name-59" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-59" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-59" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-102-offence-1 t18760110-name-59"/>Henry Thompson</persName>, his master, also forging and uttering receipts for the same—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-102-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-102-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-102-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18760110 t18760110-102-punishment-10"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment and to pay the cods of the Prosecution</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-103">
<interp inst="t18760110-103" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-103" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-103-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18760110 t18760110-103-offence-1 t18760110-103-verdict-1"/>
<p>103.
<persName id="def1-103-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-103-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18760110" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18760110" type="surname" value="PAGANI"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18760110" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PAGANI</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-103-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-103-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-103-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-103-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-103-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-103-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering five orders for the payment of money. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character—
<rs id="t18760110-103-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-103-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-103-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18760110 t18760110-103-punishment-11"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-104">
<interp inst="t18760110-104" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-104" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-104-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18760110 t18760110-104-offence-1 t18760110-104-verdict-1"/>
<p>104.
<persName id="def1-104-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-104-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18760110" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18760110" type="surname" value="FOWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18760110" type="given" value="SAMUEL BERNARD PAYNE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL BERNARD PAYNE FOWELL</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-104-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-104-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-104-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-104-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-104-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-104-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering endorsements to two orders for the payment of 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. with intent to defraud—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-104-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-104-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-104-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18760110 t18760110-104-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen, Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-105">
<interp inst="t18760110-105" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-105" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-105-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18760110 t18760110-105-offence-1 t18760110-105-verdict-1"/>
<p>105.
<persName id="def1-105-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-105-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18760110" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18760110" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WALTERS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18760110-105-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-105-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-105-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-105-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-105-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-105-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18760110-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-63" type="surname" value="BARR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-63" type="given" value="EDWARD GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-105-offence-1 t18760110-name-63"/>Edward George Barr</persName>, and stealing a snuff box, 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., his property,' having been before convicted of felony**—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-105-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-105-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-105-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18760110 t18760110-105-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-106">
<interp inst="t18760110-106" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-106" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-106-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18760110 t18760110-106-offence-1 t18760110-106-verdict-1"/>
<p>106.
<persName id="def1-106-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-106-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18760110" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18760110" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18760110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WALTERS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-106-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-106-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-106-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-106-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-106-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-106-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18760110-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-65" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-65" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-106-offence-1 t18760110-name-65"/>David Cohen</persName> and stealing 16 coats and other articles, having been before convicted of felony**—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-106-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-106-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-106-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18760110 t18760110-106-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-107">
<interp inst="t18760110-107" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-107" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-107-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18760110 t18760110-107-offence-1 t18760110-107-verdict-1"/>
<p>107.
<persName id="def1-107-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-107-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18760110" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18760110" type="surname" value="FERGUSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18760110" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FERGUSON</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-107-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-107-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-107-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch the property of
<persName id="t18760110-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-67" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-107-offence-1 t18760110-name-67"/>William White</persName> from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAXDT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution;</hi> Mr. Thorne Cole
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-68" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-68" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHITE</persName> </hi>. I reside at Barrington Road, Brixton—on the evening of the 13th December last I was at the Ludgate Hill station at about 6.30, and about to get into a first-class carriage—the prisoner snatched my watch from my pocket and wrenched it off the bow—he ran away, and I cried out "That man has my watch. Stop him"—I recognise the prisoner as the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not lose my chain—the one I have on now is the same as I wore at the time—I had my great coat on—I was on the plat
<lb/>form a very few minutes before the train started—the platform was crowded with people—the door of the carriage I was going to enter was open, and to my left—the engine was to my right—the prisoner ran from the engine</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100015"/>
<p>—I saw him caught and he was brought back by one of the railway officials—I did not say at the police-station whoever had got my watch had cut the chain."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-69" type="surname" value="HERRARD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-69" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HERRARD</persName> </hi>. I am ticket collector at the London, Chatham, and Dover Railway, Ludgate Hill Station, and was on duty on the evening in question—I heard a cry "Stop that man; he has got my watch"—I saw the prisoner stopped, and I went to the assistance of the chief messenger, who told me to look for the watch—I could not find it, but I picked up the bow of it close to the prisoner's feet.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I saw the other porters looking about for the. watch with a lantern—they did not find it—the prisoner was searched and a ticket was found upon him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-70" type="surname" value="HELPS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-70" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HELPS</persName> </hi>. I am Chief Inspector at the Ludgate Hill Railway Station and was on duty on the evening of the 13th December, about 6.30—I heard a cry "Stop him; he has got
<hi rend="italic">my</hi> watch"—the prisoner was running towards me; he then doubled and ran towards the prosecutor—he was stopped by the prosecutor and a porter—I took hold of his right hand, which was shut, and tried to open it; he drew himself up, and by a sudden wrench got his hand out of mine—I caught him again and opened his right hand, but there was nothing in it—I then ordered the men to look for the watch—When Herrard found the bow I took the prisoner downstairs and gave him in charge of the City constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-71" type="surname" value="EVE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-71" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY EVE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman C</hi> 486). I was directed to take the prisoner in custody, and at the police-station I searched him and found 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money and a third-class railway ticket from Ludgate Hill to the Elephant Castle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-107-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-107-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-107-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-108">
<interp inst="t18760110-108" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-108" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-108-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18760110 t18760110-108-offence-1 t18760110-108-verdict-1"/>
<p>108.
<persName id="def1-108-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-108-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18760110" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18760110" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18760110" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BROWN</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-108-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-108-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-108-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/>, Stealing a pencil case of
<persName id="t18760110-name-73" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-73" type="surname" value="THORBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-73" type="given" value="RALPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-108-offence-1 t18760110-name-73"/>Ralph Thorburn</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PLATT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-74" type="surname" value="INWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM INWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). On 8th December, about 4.15, I saw the prisoner in Lombard Street—I watched and followed him—I saw him go through Pope's Head Court, up Cornhill, into St. Michaels' Alley—he remained there about twenty minutes looking at different shop windows—he then went into Cornhill again and went into Mr. Thorburn's—I watched him through the window—I saw him speak to the assistant, who turned and went to the other end of the shop—the prisoner then put his right hand into the tray on the counter, took something and put it into his right-hand trousers' pocket—the assistant brought some paper to him; he took up a sheet of it, passed some remark, and walked out—he did not buy anything—I followed him up Cornhill and several streets, he went into a hosier's in Fenchurch Street and looked at some black kid gloves—when he came out I said to him "I am going to take you into custody for stealing something from the shop in Cornhill"—he said "All right"—I took him to the station—in going along Rood Lane he got his right hand into his trousers pocket—I caught hold of his arm; he drew his hand from his pocket; I clenched his fist and wished him to open it; he refused—with the assistance of another officer I forced him into No. 3, Rood Lane, and by wringing his wrist this pencil case dropped from his hand—I searched him—I found no money on him, only a knife, two postage stamps, and this alluminium gold chain—I went to Mr. Thorburn's, and on the counter just where prisoner stood I saw a tray containing alluminium pencil cases similar to this.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100016"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I did not see what you took, I saw you take something—I am sure this pencil case dropped from you, there was no one else there—you were very violent and two persons came in after
<lb/>wards—I did not see you drop it, it was dark; but I heard it drop and picked it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-75" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-75" type="given" value="BENJAMAN GEORGE"/>BENJAMAN GEORGE LONG</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Ralph Thorburn, of 33, Cornhill, a bookseller and stationer—on the evening of 8th December the prisoner came in and asked for some cartridge paper—I went to get it from the end of the shop—there was a tray on the counter containing alluminium pencils—when I came back with the paper he took hold of it and said it was very thin, like tissue paper that he wanted—I told him where he might get it—he apologised for the trouble he had given me and went out—about half an hour after Inward came in with the pencil case; it is similar to those we had in the tray and is worth about 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't swear to it; it is the same makers'; there are plenty sold elsewhere.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-108-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-108-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-108-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction at this Court in September</hi>, 1869,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18760110-name-76">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-76" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18760110-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-name-76 t18760110-alias-1"/>George Evans</rs> </persName>, when he was sentenced to seven pears' penal servitude; other convictions were proved against him—
<rs id="t18760110-108-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-108-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-108-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18760110 t18760110-108-punishment-15"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-109">
<interp inst="t18760110-109" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-109" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-109-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18760110 t18760110-109-offence-1 t18760110-109-verdict-1"/>
<p>109.
<persName id="def1-109-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-109-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18760110" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18760110" type="surname" value="WIRTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18760110" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WIRTH</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-109-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-109-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-109-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully selling obscene prints. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stating in the hearing of the Jury that he was</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-109-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-109-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-109-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">they found that verdict—
<rs id="t18760110-109-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-109-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-109-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18760110 t18760110-109-punishment-16"/>Four Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18760110-name-78" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-78" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-78" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-110">
<interp inst="t18760110-110" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-110-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18760110 t18760110-110-offence-1 t18760110-110-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-110-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18760110 t18760110-110-offence-2 t18760110-110-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-110-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18760110 t18760110-110-offence-3 t18760110-110-verdict-2"/>
<p>110.
<persName id="def1-110-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-110-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18760110" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18760110" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18760110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROBERTS</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-110-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-110-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining a watch and chain of
<persName id="t18760110-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-80" type="surname" value="WAPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-80" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-80" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-110-offence-1 t18760110-name-80"/>James Waple</persName> by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-81" type="surname" value="WAPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-81" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WAPLE</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller of Northampton Square, Clerkenwell—on 5th August, 1875, the prisoner came to me and asked me to get him a gold watch, value about 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., for someone in France—I afterwards got three for him and showed them to him—it was to be a cash transac
<lb/>tion—he afterwards sent me this letter, enclosing a cheque, and believing it to be worth the money I parted with the watch and chain—I also re
<lb/>ceived these other letters from him, dated September 2nd, October 1st, and November 3rd, but saw nothing of him—it was not till after he was in custody on another charge that I discovered that the watch and chain had been pledged—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My brother John is a sleeping partner with me—he is not always there transacting business, but is often there—the prisoner has never bought any goods of us before—these six cheques (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) bear my brother's endorsement, but they have nothing to do with the firm—my brother is here—I did not take proceedings between August and January owing to the false letters the prisoner sent—I sent an invoice with the watch and another by post, and I gave a receipt to the messenger who brought the cheque.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> When the prisoner selected the watch he said nothing about having credit nor did he refer to my brother at all—I did not believe the letters were true, because they contradicted each other.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100017"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MISS CROSS</hi>. I live at the Red Cow, Albert Embankment—I know the prisoner; he had an office at Salamanca Wharf and was my father's tenant "pope and Williams" was on the office door—he made an agreement and signed it—I saw him write—I have seen him sign two or three cheques—this cheque signed "Pope and Williams" is in his writing, and I believe. these letters to be his also. (
<hi rend="italic">Cheque read:</hi> "August 5, 1875. Imperial Bank. Pay Messrs. Peffle Brothers, 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Pope and Williams.") (
<hi rend="italic">One letter was dated Rouen, September</hi> 2,
<hi rend="italic">requesting the prosecutor not to part with the cheque as the writer had not received the money for the watch and chain from, his friend, and stating that he expected to receive it that day and would send it—Signed</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. ROBERTS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Another letter from the same to the same, dated October</hi> 1, 1875,
<hi rend="italic">stated (hat he had returned from France and would call on prosecutor and would, if he wished it, forward a draft payable on the 4th of next month, with interest, and that if he could have got the watch and chain back he would have, returned them—Another letter requested a day's longer indulgence, as he had not received a remittance from France.</hi>) These other two letters are also in the prisoner's handwriting to the best of my belief. "Aug. 5, 1875. To Messrs. Waple Brothers. Dear Sirs, Finding that my train starts early to-morrow morning, as promised please! find cheque for amount of watch, &c, selected by me, which please hand to bearer, and believe me yours truly,
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. ROBERTS</hi>." "Aug. 6. Dear Sir,—On going to my bank this morning I found that certain accounts were not paid to them on my behalf, therefore my balance is not so strong as I should wish it; I shall feel extremely obliged if you will not; pay in the cheque my clerk handed to von yesterday for 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. until next week, say Wednesday or Thursday. It that is inconvenient to you I will send you the money from Rouen, where I start to-day for, as I shall get the money from the gentleman on my arrival. Trusting this will not in
<lb/>convenience you, I remain, Dear Sirs, yours truly,
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. ROBERTS</hi>."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> These letters were not shown to meat Bow Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-82" type="surname" value="BOLWICK"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-82" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER BOLWICK</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Imperial Bank, Westminster—Pope and Williams have had an account there since January, 1875—the signature on this cheque is that of the persons who opened the account—the account was 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. overdrawn on 5th August, and had been in that state since June—there had been no transactions between those dates, though several cheques had been presented which met with the same fate as this one—we have applied to the solicitor for the cheque book, but it was refused, and we have never been able to obtain it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the pass book made up by one of our clerks, but it is not completed—it was commenced with 839
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. paid in—all these cheques on the other side have been presented and paid—we considered his account closed, although we marked "Refer to drawer" on the cheques—it was not really closed, but we should not have taken any money paid in except to cover the 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. overdrawn—I am not the manager.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> This is the ledger—the prisoner has not sent the pass-book to be made up since April 10; but here are the cheques paid entered in the ledger—no cheques have been honoured since this one of June 28th for '2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he paid in 230
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on May 1st, nothing since—the small cheques have exhausted that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-83" type="surname" value="DRUSCOVITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-83" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL DRUSCOVITCH</persName> </hi>. I am chief detective at Scotland Yard—I got a warrant for the prisoner's arrest on another charge—I saw him in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100020"/>
<p>Fetter Lane in September and took him to Bow Street station—he gave his name "William Roberts, 1, Great College Street, Westminster"—I found or him a ticket referring to a watch dated 5th August, 1875, pledged at Smith and Diamond's for 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it is a special contract note—I said nothing to him about the watch—I knew nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-84" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BAXTER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Smith and Diamond, pawnbrokers, of 80, Newgate Street—I produce a watch and chain pawned on 5th August, 1875—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is our part of the contract note; I have torn it out of the book—I fancy the prisoner is the person who pledged it—he signed the agreement William Roberts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MISS CROSS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I do not think this contract note is the prisoner's writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-85" type="surname" value="WAPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-85" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WAPLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I believe I received this letter of 6th August in due course of post—I parted with my watch and chain about 5 o'clock in the afternoon.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-86" type="surname" value="WAPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-86" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WAPLE</persName> </hi>. I keep a public-house—I have at times given the prisoner cash to oblige him in exchange for his cheques—April 2nd was the last time—I gave him coin for three small cheques.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I gave him an open cheque for this crossed-cheque for 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I think that was in March—I do not know the name of the peeson whose cheque it was—I have not got my pass book here—I have called at the prisoner's place several times since he obtained this watch, but never could see him—I did not leave an invoice there—I had nothing to do with the business at that time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-110-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-110-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<rs id="t18760110-110-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-110-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">to two other indictments for
<rs id="t18760110-110-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-110-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing six guns of
<persName id="t18760110-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-87" type="surname" value="DOUGALL"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-87" type="given" value="JAMES DALZIELL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-110-offence-2 t18760110-name-87"/>James Dalziell Dougall</persName> </rs> and another and
<rs id="t18760110-110-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-110-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>one gun of
<persName id="t18760110-name-88" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-88" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-88" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-110-offence-3 t18760110-name-88"/>James Kerr</persName> and others—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-110-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-110-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-110-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18760110 t18760110-110-punishment-17"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-111">
<interp inst="t18760110-111" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-111" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-111-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18760110 t18760110-111-offence-1 t18760110-111-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-111-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-111-18760110 t18760110-111-offence-1 t18760110-111-verdict-2"/>
<p>111.
<persName id="def1-111-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-111-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18760110" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18760110" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18760110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HOLMES</hi> (35)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-111-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-111-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18760110" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18760110" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18760110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BARRETT</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-111-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-111-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-111-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a bill of exchange for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18760110-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-91" type="surname" value="PIFFARD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-91" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-91" type="occupation" value="barrister"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-111-offence-1 t18760110-name-91"/>Charles Piffard</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-92" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-92" type="given" value="ALFRED PRITOHARD"/>ALFRED PRITOHARD HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier in the Chartered Bank of India, 65, Old Broad Street—in October last this bill of exchange for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was presented by the prisoner Holmes—it is drawn to the order of Charles Piffard, Esq, and this endorsement, "Charles Piffard," was then on it—that is the highest of the two endorsements—I asked Holmes if that was his name; he said "Yes"—I told him that he would require a stamp; he said he would go and get one—he went out and came back in a minute or two with the stamp—I said "Now I shall require your address"—he wrote his name and address and returned it to me with the ink not dry, "Charles Piflard, 112, Harley Street, West"—I asked him how he would have it; he said "180
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in notes and 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold"—I gave him five 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, No. 1,927 to 1,931, dated 19th April, 1875; five 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, No. 6,160 to 6,166, and six 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, No. 99,718 to 99,723, dated 25th August, 1875, and twenty sovereigns—this second bill (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) did not come to me at all, it was paid by cheque—that is the second of exchange—I got it from the ac
<lb/>countants, but only a day or two ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-93" type="surname" value="CARVER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-93" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CARVER</persName> </hi>. I am butler in the service of the Rev. Mr. Reeves, of 112, Harley Street—on 25th October I took a letter out of the box, re
<lb/>directed it to Charles Piffard, Esq., 102, Harley Street, and posted it myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-94" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-94" type="surname" value="CARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-94" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET CARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Mr. Vanderbill, of 102, Har
<lb/>ley</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100021"/>
<p>Street—I remember a letter being brought there bearing the Calcutta and Brindisi postmarks—I laid it on the slab and did not know what became of it—I did not notice the address until some time in October—I do not know Charles Piffard at our house—I do not know the prisoners or any—one named Holmes or Barrett—it was not addressed to Mr. Vanderbill—I am not quite certain to whom it was addressed, but I think it was to Mr. Piffard—it disappeared from the slab—I always laid Mr. Vanderbill's letters there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-95" type="surname" value="VANSENEW"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-95" type="given" value="CHARLES ADRIAN DINYER"/>CHARLES ADRIAN DINYER VANSENEW</persName> </hi>. I am a lieutenant-colonel in the Army and live at Clarendon Road Notting Hill—Charles Piffard is my brother-in-law—he is a barrister at Calcutta—he was in this country in October, and was staying at 8, Hanover Square—I do not know Mr. Har
<lb/>rison of 114, Harley Street—Mr. Piffard resided nowhere else but in. Hanover Square—he left England on 1st December—the first endorsement on this bill has not the slightest resemblanee to his writing nor has the second endorsement—this endorsement on this order bill "Pay London and Westminster Bank" is Mr. Piffard's genuine writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. I</hi> thought at first that the two names were in different writing, but now I think they are the same—the second bill of exchange has the same bank number as the other—the Indian Banks only issue two bills of exchange instead of three.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-96" type="surname" value="LEAVER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEAVER</persName> </hi>. I am butler to Mr. Harrison 114, Harley Street—I know Charles Piffard; he used to go there for his letters—I used to take them out of the letter box; some were" Indian letters and some were English.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-97" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-97" type="given" value="HENRY GOULD"/>HENRY GOULD COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I am* a cashier in the employ of Sir John Bennett, 65, Cheapside—on 27th October the prisoners came there and purchased two gold watches and a gold chain for 31
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—they paid me to the best of my recollection with a 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, and a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I gave the change to Holmes and receipted the invoice—I cannot say what became of the notes, but it
<hi rend="italic">is</hi> our custom to pay into the London and Westminster Bank the monies received every day, and during the preceding evening—Holmes gave his name "Captain Graham, 3, Hill Street, Berkeley Square."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-98" type="surname" value="MCLEWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES MCLEWIN</persName> </hi>. I am receiving cashier at the London and Westminster Bank—Sir John Bennett keeps an accountthere—on the 28th October a 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 19029, and a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 69165, were paid in to his account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> No 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note was paid in that day nor any other notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-99" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-99" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER MORRIS</persName> </hi>. I am shopman to Mr. Sangster, umbrella manufac
<lb/>turer, 75, Cheapside—I remember Barrett and another man coming there and buying two umbrellas, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the one whom I cannot—identify paid me a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I got change from the cashier and gave the note to him—it would be paid into the London and County Bank next day—we stamp our notes—this 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 69166 has our stamp on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I cannot identify Holmes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-100" type="surname" value="TROTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN MARSHALL"/>JOHN MARSHALL TROTTER</persName> </hi>. I am a hosier of 20, Newgate Street—on 26th or 27th October the prisoners came there and bought shirts and other things, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—Holmes paid me this 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, but it came from Barrett's pocket—Holmes wrote on it "Captain Graham, Hill Street, Berkely Square"—I cannot say that this is the note, but it has got our stamp and that endorsement, so I suppose it must be.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> They took away the things—the officer has shown them to me since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-101" type="surname" value="HALDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-101" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HALDEN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Dick, boot maker, of 296, Holborn—about the end of October the prisoners came and purchased three pairs of boots and two pairs of slippers similar to these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—they paid with a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, which had written on it "Captain Graham, 3, Hill Street"—I paid the note to St. Bartholomew's Hospital—two pairs of boots were for Holmes, one pair for the other man, and a pair of slippers for each.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-102" type="surname" value="TOULMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TOULMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant, Beading</hi>). On 25th November, in consequence of a telegram, I found Holmes near his mother's house in Reading—I told him I should arrest him on a charge of forgery in London—he said he knew nothing about it—I took him to the station and found on him this gold watch and chain and twelve shillings—I handed him over to Sergeant King—the next morning I searched his lodging with King and found this white umbrella, two pairs of boots, a pair of slippers and a number of other things.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-103" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-103" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KING</persName> </hi>. On 26th November I took Barrett at 119, Great Tich-field Street—I told him I was a police-sergeant and wished to know what he had done with the watch he had received from the man named Holmes at the shop of Sir John Bennett—he said that he had not received a watch—I said "You have a watch"—he pulled out his watch, showed it to me, and put it back—I said "That is a gold one"—he said "Yes, but I have had it for years"—I found the watch on him at the station, and I went to his lodging, and received from his wife this gold chain, umbrella, boots, and slippers—I told him he would be charged with another man, not in custody, with stealing a post letter and a bill of Exchange on the Chartered and Mercantile Bank—he said he knew nothing about it—Holmes was given into my custody the next day—I said that he would be charged with others for stealing a post letter containing a Bill of Exchange for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and
<hi rend="italic">forging</hi> and uttering it and obtaining 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said he did not commit the forgery; that it could be easily proved that it was not his signature—I asked him if he wished to give any account of where he got the bill from—he said that he received it from a woman named Agnes Graham the day previously and did not know where she was to be found, as she was a gay woman—I searched his lodgings and found this pair of boots and these shirts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Barrett's Defence.</hi> The things were given to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOLMES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-111-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-111-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-111-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-111-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-111-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-111-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18760110 t18760110-111-punishment-18"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARRETT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-111-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-111-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-111-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-112">
<interp inst="t18760110-112" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-112" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-112-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18760110 t18760110-112-offence-1 t18760110-112-verdict-1"/>
<p>112.
<persName id="def1-112-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-112-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18760110" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18760110" type="surname" value="RANGER"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18760110" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED RANGER</hi> (52)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-112-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-112-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-112-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-112-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-112-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-112-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18760110-name-105">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-105" type="surname" value="MEADOWS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-105" type="given" value="MARY ANNE"/>Mary Anne Meadows</persName>, his wife
<persName id="t18760110-name-106" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-106" type="surname" value="RANGER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-106" type="given" value="CLAUDIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-112-offence-1 t18760110-name-106"/>Claudia</persName> being alive—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-112-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-112-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-112-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18760110 t18760110-112-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</hi> </rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-113">
<interp inst="t18760110-113" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-113" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-113-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18760110 t18760110-113-offence-1 t18760110-113-verdict-1"/>
<p>113.
<persName id="def1-113-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-113-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18760110" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18760110" type="surname" value="BROWNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18760110" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BROWNING</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-113-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-113-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-113-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-113-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-113-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-113-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> to stealing a box and divers quantities of buttons, the property of the
<persName id="t18760110-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-108" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-113-offence-1 t18760110-name-108"/>Great Western Railway Com
<lb/>pany</persName> after a previous conviction**—</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-113-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-113-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-113-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18760110 t18760110-113-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-114">
<interp inst="t18760110-114" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-114" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-114-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18760110 t18760110-114-offence-1 t18760110-114-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-114-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-114-18760110 t18760110-114-offence-1 t18760110-114-verdict-1"/>
<p>114.
<persName id="def1-114-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-114-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18760110" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18760110" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18760110" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ROBINSON</hi> (18)</persName>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def2-114-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-114-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-114-18760110" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-114-18760110" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-114-18760110" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DAVIS</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-114-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-114-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-114-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> Robbery'on
<persName id="t18760110-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-111" type="surname" value="FITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-111" type="occupation" value="carman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-114-offence-1 t18760110-name-111"/>William Fitch</persName> and stealing from his person one purse and two pieces of paper his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-112" type="surname" value="FITCH"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-112" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FITCH</persName> </hi>. I am a carman of Stepney—on Sunday evening, 19th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100025"/>
<p>December, about 1.30—I met the prisoners and two others in Mile End Road—Robinson came up and struck me on my head and rifled my pockets and took from me a purse containing two pawn tickets—they all ran away but a person stopped them—I followed them and the two prisoners were taken—while I was on the ground I was kicked by one of the men. who got away—I have not seen the purse or the tickets since—my pockets were torn right down the side and my coat covered with mud.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Robinson.</hi> I did not strike you, but you knocked me down by a blow on the side of my head and made me nearly senseless.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-113" type="surname" value="RIPLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-113" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RIPLEY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 280). I heard cries and saw Fitch run
<lb/>ning after four men—the prisoners are two of them—Robinson was the foremost, and he knocked a man down who tried to stop him—I pursued him about half a mile and a man called to somebody to run him down, which he did, and I took him—he said that he did not do it; he was coming from the Oriental—he had mud on his face and on his back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Robinson.</hi> When I came back I could not find the man who was knocked down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-114" type="surname" value="MORPHET"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-114" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MORPHET</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 243). I heard cries and saw five people running—I followed Davis, took him and asked him why he was crying out—Fitch said that Davis with others had knocked him down and robbed him—his back was covered with mud and his pockets were torn open—Davis said "It was not me, Sir. I was only running because the others were running"—I picked up a bat and said to Robinson "Is this your hat?"—he said "Yes"—I asked him why he threw it away—he said "Well, be
<lb/>cause it was in my way."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Robinson's Defence.</hi> I had come out of the Oriental Theatre—three men came towards me and the prosecutor struck me and knocked me down; I got up and said "What was that for?" he said "I will show you," and tried to hit me again—my hat came off—I did not stop to pick it up but ran harder still—I never hit him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Davis's Defence.</hi> I saw the prosecutor knock Robinson down—I work hard and expect my master, Mr. Cook, to come and give me a character.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DAVIS</hi>. My son has worked for Mr. Cook about eight years, but he is very busy—he said that he would send his son here, and his son was here yesterday, but not to-day—I never knew a better boy than the prisoner—he is my only support.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He has never left home—I do not remember his being away last July—he was away once for about three weeks, not more—he went in bad company and was convicted of stealing falls.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-114-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-114-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-114-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">They were both further charged with having been before convicted, Robinson at Clerkenwell, in September</hi> 1874,
<hi rend="italic">and Davis at Worship Street, in July</hi>, 1875,
<hi rend="italic">to which they both</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-114-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-114-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-114-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18760110 t18760110-114-punishment-21"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.—</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>
<rs id="t18760110-114-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-114-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-114-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-114-18760110 t18760110-114-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Month? Im
<lb/>prisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Mellor.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-115">
<interp inst="t18760110-115" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-115" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-115-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18760110 t18760110-115-offence-1 t18760110-115-verdict-1"/>
<p>115.
<persName id="def1-115-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-115-18760110" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18760110" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18760110" type="surname" value="GUIDI"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18760110" type="given" value="SIRO"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIRO GUIDI</hi> (23)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-115-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-115-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-115-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-115-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-115-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-115-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/> to feloniously sending a threatening letter to
<persName id="t18760110-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-116" type="surname" value="GATTI"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-116" type="given" value="AGOSTINO"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-115-offence-1 t18760110-name-116"/>Agostino Gatti</persName>, demanding money with menaces. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy—
<rs id="t18760110-115-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-115-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-115-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18760110 t18760110-115-punishment-23"/>Six Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-116">
<interp inst="t18760110-116" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-116" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-116-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18760110 t18760110-116-offence-1 t18760110-116-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-116-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18760110 t18760110-116-offence-2 t18760110-116-verdict-2"/>
<p>116.
<persName id="def1-116-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-116-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18760110" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18760110" type="surname" value="HASEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18760110" type="given" value="JAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAN HASEN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-116-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-116-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-116-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>
<rs id="t18760110-116-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-116-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-116-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to unlawfully exposing a certain male child, aged 12 days, in a public street thereby endangering its health—,</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-116-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-116-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-116-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18760110 t18760110-116-punishment-24"/>Six Months' Imprisonment</rs>. He was also </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-116-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-116-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-116-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>
<hi rend="italic">charged on the Coroner's inquisition with the wilful murder of the said child</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">, upon which </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-116-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-116-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-116-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="italic">no evidence was offered</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-117">
<interp inst="t18760110-117" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-117" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-117-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18760110 t18760110-117-offence-1 t18760110-117-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100026"/>
<p>117.
<persName id="def1-117-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-117-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18760110" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18760110" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18760110" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18760110" type="occupation" value=" unemployed footman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GRAY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-117-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-117-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-117-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="extortion"/>, Feloniously sending to
<persName id="t18760110-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-119" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-119" type="given" value="GEORGE HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-119" type="occupation" value="lawyer"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-117-offence-1 t18760110-name-119"/>George Hudson Palmer</persName>, a letter demanding money with menaces, and without any reason
<lb/>able or probable cause.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-120" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE HUDSON"/>GEORGE HUDSON PALMER</persName> </hi>. I have been called to the Bar, and live at 14, Albert Mansions, Victoria Street—in the year 1867 I was visiting at the house of a lady in St. George's Place—the prisoner was a footman there—about a year afterwards I met him accidentally in Piccadilly—he addressed me and said he had been dismissed from the service of the lady where I had seen him as footman, that he was out of place and in want of money—I gave him something, I cannot remember what-from that time down to 1871 I saw him perhaps three times; I can't say positively, they were acci
<lb/>dental meetings—I gave him other monies, altogether perhaps a little over 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., not as much as 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—in 1871 I was living with my mother at Rutland Gate—I was possessed of a gold watch, chain, and latch key—I wore it in my waistcoat pocket, without the chain being attached to my button hole, the watch in one pocket, and the latch key in the other—I can't say what the value of the watch was, I did not purchase it—it was worth more than ten guineas—I recollect walking from Hyde Park Corner towards the Albert Gate in the Park roadway about 11 o'clock one night in the beginning of August, 1871—I was wearing my watch as I have described—I met a soldier in the uniform of the Horse Guards Blue—he was not known to me—he made some remark to me which I answered—I do not remember what the remark was—he was only a minute in my presence—I went straight home to Rutland Gate—I found I had not my latch key with me, and 1 suspected that the watch was gone, and it was not there, the key and chain and watch were gone—I have no positive know
<lb/>edge when or how they were taken from me, I had not felt them taken—I saw the prisoner two or three days after my loss; it was an accidental meeting—I told him of the loss of my watch, I thought he might be able to recover it, that he might go round to the pawnbrokers and try to recover it—I did not know the number of the watch; I could not tell him the number—I told him to make enquiries about it—I saw him again a day or two after wards—when I first met him I pointed out the man I believed to be the man I had seen that evening, who I believed to have stolen the watch, I meant the soldier—the prisoner told me he thought his name was Dale—when I saw him again he said he had been unable to find the watch at the pawnbrokers—I had described it to him—I told him I was leaving town and he said he would write to me if he heard anything of it—I did get a letter from him—I don't know what has become of it, I suppose I destroyed it—I came up to town and met him by appointment in the street, I think it was in the park—I never saw him in any house from the time I saw him as footman, down to the time when the detective Butcher was at my lodging—on meeting him he told me he thought he would be able to get the watch back for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I gave him the money and it was arranged that he was to bring the watch to me at a certain place, I think at the South Kensington Station, some time that afternoon—he did not come, I did not see him till nearly a year after, nor hear from him—I then met</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100027"/>
<p>him accidentally in Piccadilly—he addressed me, he gave no explanation about the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or the watch, hardly any conversation passed—I can't re
<lb/>member what was said—nothing was said about the watch or the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he was only a minute or two with me, I went away and went home—I do not remember anything that was said, it is nearly five years ago—I can't be certain when I next saw him, not for many months—I can't remember where it was, it was in the street accidentally—I never had any conversa
<lb/>tion with him in reference to my 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or the recovery of my watch, I always avoided him afterwards—I went to reside at Albert Mansions in April, 1872—I never gave the prisoner my address—in June and July, 1872, I re
<lb/>ceived two letters—I received no letter after that until the one dated 7th December—I have given the prisoner a small sum once or twice since I gave him the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., when I met him by accident, and he asked me for money, when he was out of place—I gave him small sums—he had always some story about being out of place, and about getting something out of pawn—the largest sum I have given him on those representations has been perhaps 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I can't say exactly the maximum amount I have given him, perhaps over 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., less than 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—when I say I avoided him after he had the money, I mean I never spoke to him unless he spoke to me, and I only re
<lb/>mained in his presence a few minutes—he followed
<hi rend="italic">me</hi> about—I was not exactly alarmed at him, I endeavoured to get rid of him—I was out of town on 7th December, I returned about the 14th, and found this letter awaiting me at the St. James's Club, but it was directed to Victoria Street—I then consulted my solicitor, and afterwards addressed a letter to the address given, Nutford. Place—Sergeant Butcher was brought to my rooms at an appointed time—the prisoner came to my rooms—I held in my hand the letter I had received, and I said "Did you write this letter?"—he said "Yes"—I then said "Did, you send this letter?"—he said "Yes"—I then said "What do you want?"—he replied "Whatever you like to give me"—I said "Supposing I refuse to give you anything, what will you do then?"—I cannot remember what he said, he gave some vague answer—at that moment Butcher came into the room, he had been in the adjoin
<lb/>ing room—I had never given the prisoner my address—beyond pointing out the soldier who I supposed to be the person who had accosted me I had never seen or spoken to that person afterwards—I don't remember that the prisoner ever gave me Dale's Christian name. (
<hi rend="italic">The letter were read as follows:</hi>" 3, Nutford Place, Edgware Road, 7th December, 1875. Sir,—I am sorry to inform you that I am very ill, I hope you will assist me, if not I will write to the Club and tell them the number of your watch, how you lost it, and who took it, and where you lost it. I was speaking to a member of the club last Sunday week when you dined there.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I never told you that Tom Dale took my watch when I took him into my house at Rutland Gate—I did not tell you to ask him for it, or say that I did not wish the police to know anything about it—I asked you to write to me if you got any tidings of the watch—you wrote to me in the name of Gray, Tunbridge Wells—you asked me what name you should put, and I said "Put your own name, it will be left at the post-office till called for"—you did not write word that Dale had my watch, and that you could get it back for 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., you said for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I an
<lb/>swered your letter and came up, and met you by appointment—I did not give you 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in Hill Street, in front of the officers' quarters, I gave you 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I don't knew where you went with it, you professed to be able to get</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100028"/>
<p>the watch—you did not say you would go to the barracks, nor did you tell me at any time that you had been there—I don't remember your telling me that Dale and another man had given you a hiding and cut your eye open, and that you were not able to come to me at the time—you did not show me that you had got your eye kicked open, I did not see you for a year afterwards—I don't remember you telling me that Dale had left the regiment and gone to America—I don't remember anything of the sort—I did not say to you that if you would meet me at such a time I would give you 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to give to him, and that I did not want to see him—I did not give you two 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes in an envelope in the park—I employed you to get my watch because I met you by accident in Knightsbridge by the corner of the park—I did not go to the police because I had only a suspicion that it was lost—I had no positive certainty that it had been taken on that occasion—I had no positive certainty as to who the thief was—when I pointed out the man to you in the park I did not stand and talk with him and ask him about it, I never spoke to him—when I found my latch key gone I rang the bell to get into my house—it was only a suspicion at that time that I had lost my watch, because I had frequently left it at home—when I first met you in Piccadilly I did not speak to you first, you spoke to me, I can't remember what you said, it is nearly eight years ago—I may have asked you why you left your place—you told me you had been wrongfully dismissed, you did not say for what—you did not know my name when you were in Lady M——'s service, I have no recollection of you letting me in and asking "What name."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I never wrote to you and did not know what the contents of the letter was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I have no recollection of your telling me about Dale's going to America—I did not appoint to meet you the next day as it was a Bank holiday, and I could not get the money, there was no such thing as a Bank holiday in existence then, in 1872—I did not meet you in Hyde Park the next day between 1 and 2 o'clock and give you two 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes in an envelope, I never gave you two 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes—I never get money from the bank—I never stopped to speak to you unless you addressed me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> He has never said until to day that he did not know the contents of the letter—he did not say before the Magistrate that 1 had told him I had taken Dale into my house in Rutland Gate, he said that I had done so, there is no truth in that—my mother was living there at the time—it is positively untrue that I put two 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes in an envelope for him to give to Dale to go to America—it was in 1871 that I told him to address the letter to me at Tuubridge Wells in the name of Gray—I think it was his suggestion, but I can't be positive—I had no reason for conceal
<lb/>ing my name—the prisoner said he knew my name—I never said to him that I did not wish the police to know—I have on several occasions forgot to put
<hi rend="italic">my</hi> watch on, and have left it and the chain and latch key at home, and I could not be certain I had lost it until I got home and found it was not forthcoming.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-121" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-121" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BUTCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant C</hi>). I had seen the prisoner before 7th December—on 17th December about 12 o'clock in the day by arrange
<lb/>ment I was sent to 4, Albert Mansions, and was placed in a room adjoining that in which Mr. Palmer was—the rooms communicated—shortly after I had been placed there the prisoner came in and spoke to Mr. Palmer—I saw Mr. Palmer, he had this letter in his hand, he said to the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100029"/>
<p>"Did you write this letter?"—the prisoner said "Yes"—Mr. Palmer then said "Did you send it?"—the prisoner said "Yes"—Mr. Palmer said "What do you want me to give you?"—the prisoner said "Anything you like to give me to assist me to go to America"—Mr. Palmer said "Suppose I don't give you anything"—I then went into the room and said to the prisoner "I am a detective officer, I shall take you into custody for sending this letter to Mr. Palmer with threats"—he said "I did not send it, I can't write"—I said "You just told Mr. Palmer you did send it"—he said "I did not, I can't write, I can't write anything"—I told him he would have to; go to the station on the charge—he asked Mr. Palmer several times not to charge him—Mr. Palmer said it was in the hands of the police now, and he must go to the station, and I took him there—he said there was nothing in the letter about money, it might mean old clothes, or anything Mr. Palmer liked to give him—I found on him these two letters dated 15th and 16th December.
<hi rend="italic">These were letters written by Mr. Palmer appointing the prisoner to come to the house on the occasion in question.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-122" type="surname" value="CLOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-122" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD CLOUGH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). My district is at the West End in
<lb/>cluding Piccadilly and Albert Mansions—I have known the prisoner by sight about ten years—in the year 1875 I saw him on many occasions, sometimes two or three times a week at all hours of the day, morning noon and night, in company with various men and soldiers, in the streets and in public-houses also.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not seen you doing anything, only walking along with different men, they may have been friends of yours; I can't say whether they were or not—I have never known you do anything wrong.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-123" type="surname" value="BRIDGET"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-123" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BRIDGET</persName> </hi>. I am house porter at 4, Albert Mansions, Victoria Street, where Mr. Palmer lives; it is let out in five flats or suites of rooms—Mr. Palmer has been living there since 1872—I know the prisoner by sight perfectly well—he came there as near as I can remember at the end of July, 1872; three or four months after Mr. Palmer came there—he rang the front door bell and asked me if there was a tall, dark gentleman lived there—I said there were two or three at the time—he said he did not know his name, but he thought it was Plumley, or some such name, he knew the gentleman per
<lb/>fectly well—I said "You can't see any gentleman unless you can tell me the name"—he said "If you will let me see the board, or tell me the names, I shall be able to tell you the one"—there is a board in the hall with the gentle men's cards in—I said I should do no such thing, as I was not authorised to give any gentleman's name in the house to any one; if they gave the name I should take them up to the gentleman to see them—some time afterwards, it might have been a month, I saw the prisoner hanging about; the streets at various times when I had to go out on messages and the like I then lost sight of him for a time—I saw him again, still in 1875, in the neighbourhood once or twice—there was a gentleman named Plunket living in the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "</hi> I did not write for money, I never asked for any."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I do not wish to say anything.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE MELLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">left it to the Jury to say whether in their opinion the letter was a mere importunate begging letter, or whether it amounted to a threat or menace that if the prosecutor did not give him money he would make some statement or charge to the members of his club that would be prejudicial to him, In the former case, he would be entitled to an acquittal; in the latter, it would</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">come within the statute Upon which the indictment was framed</hi> (25
<hi rend="italic">and 26) Vic, c.</hi> 96,
<hi rend="italic">sec.</hi> 44.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-117-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-117-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-117-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-117-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-117-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-117-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18760110 t18760110-117-punishment-25"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Denman.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-118">
<interp inst="t18760110-118" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-118" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-118-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-18760110 t18760110-118-offence-1 t18760110-118-verdict-1"/>
<p>118.
<persName id="def1-118-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-118-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18760110" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18760110" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18760110" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATILDA EYRE</hi> (36)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-118-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-118-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-118-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-118-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-118-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-118-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> to unlawfully giving false information concerning the birth of her child—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor, who stated that the offence was committed to avoid the vaccination of the child.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-118-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-118-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-118-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-18760110 t18760110-118-punishment-26"/>Fined</rs> </hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-119">
<interp inst="t18760110-119" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-119" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-119-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-119-18760110 t18760110-119-offence-1 t18760110-119-verdict-1"/>
<p>119.
<persName id="def1-119-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-119-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-18760110" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-18760110" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-18760110" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA GATES</hi>, (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-119-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-119-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-119-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, was charged on the Coroner's Inquisition
<hi rend="italic">only</hi> with feloniously killing and slaying her new born child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, stated that as the Grand Jury had ignored the bill for manslaughter he would offer no evidence upon the inquisition.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-119-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-119-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-119-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-120">
<interp inst="t18760110-120" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-120" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-120-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-120-18760110 t18760110-120-offence-1 t18760110-120-verdict-1"/>
<p>120.
<persName id="def1-120-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-120-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-18760110" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-18760110" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-18760110" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA GATES</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18760110-120-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-120-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-120-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/> for unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child, to which she</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-120-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-120-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-120-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-127" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-127" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>MR. CHARLES MATHEWS</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prisoner, stated that the wound on the child's head, from which it appeared to have died, might have been accidental, and that although the body had been mutilated, it was the surgeon's opinion that that was done after death—
<rs id="t18760110-120-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-120-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-120-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-120-18760110 t18760110-120-punishment-27"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-121">
<interp inst="t18760110-121" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-121" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-121-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-121-18760110 t18760110-121-offence-1 t18760110-121-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-121-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-121-18760110 t18760110-121-offence-1 t18760110-121-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-121-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-121-18760110 t18760110-121-offence-1 t18760110-121-verdict-1"/>
<p>121.
<persName id="def1-121-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-121-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-18760110" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-18760110" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-18760110" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MCCARTHY</hi> (19)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-121-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-121-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-121-18760110" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-121-18760110" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-121-18760110" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL SULLIVAN</hi> (20)</persName>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<persName id="def3-121-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-121-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-121-18760110" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def3-121-18760110" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-121-18760110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DONOVAN</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-121-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-121-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-121-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Unlawfully assaulting a man unknown, with intent to rob him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-131" type="surname" value="JESSOP"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-131" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT JESSOP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 143). On 21st December, about 12.40 a.m., I was in Holborn, near Chancery Lane—a cabman called my attention, and I saw McCarthy on the other side of the way on top of a man who was on his back on the ground—Sullivan had hold of his hands, holding him down—McCarthy had his right hand in the man's left trowsers pocket—Donovan was standing about 6 yards from them—I had seen the three prisoners together several times during the night in Fulwood's Rents, which is nearly opposite—I took hold of McCarthy and threw him on his back, he opened his hand and I heard something like money drop, but I could not find it, because I was shoved about—the man got up and said "You scamps, you have robbed me," and began punching them—I told him not to do that, but to follow up to the station—I had a deal of trouble to hold McCarthy; as soon as I took hold of him Donovan came up and said "You b——, you don't take him, and struck me on the chest—McCarthy went towards Ful
<lb/>wood's Rents, but I stuck to him by the neck handkerchief, and the crowd pushed me along—when we got nearly opposite Fulwood's Rents McCarthy kicked me—a gentleman who stood fry said "I will help you,
<hi rend="italic">Bobby"</hi>—some gentleman fetched two policemen, 152
<hi rend="italic">E</hi> and 104
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>—I could not find the man who was robbed, I think he must have been got away by some one; there was 100 people at least there at the close.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by McCarthy.</hi> I saw your hand in the man's pocket—you were not trying to
<hi rend="italic">get</hi> the man up; you dropped some money, and you could not have had it in your hand after taking your hand from his pocket unless you had taken this money from his pocket—I saw your hand actually come out of the pocket—the lamp was not far off.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">McCarthy.</hi> My hand was under him pulling him up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Donovan.</hi> The place was very well lighted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-132" type="surname" value="WHITLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-132" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHITLOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 403). I was with Jessop and saw McCarthy on top of a man who was on the ground, and Sullivan was assisting to hold him down; he had hold of his left hand—I saw Jessop take McCarthy off the man and heard something like money drop from McCarthy's hand on the pavement—I took hold of Sullivan by his right hand and took him off the man who was lying on the ground, who got up and said "You scoundrels" or "scamps, you have robbed me," and struck at the prisoners—I asked him not to do that but to follow us to the station Donovan then came up and tried to rescue McCarthy from Jessop's custody, saying "You b——, you shall not take him to the station"—he afterwards left McCarthy and came and tried to rescue Sullivan from my custody—a very severe struggle ensued in which Sullivan struck me two or three very severe blows in the face, and two gentlemen, who were standing by, assisted me till 152 and 104
<hi rend="italic">E</hi> came up and took Donovan in custody, I still having Sullivan, and with the gentlemen's assistance we took them to the station—I was not aware that the man was not following us there—there was a crowd and several persons, several of whom were women, attempting to rescue the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> You gave me a great deal of trouble at first, but when I got you out of the crowd you went quietly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Donovan.</hi> The two gentlemen would not go the station and I do not know who they were—I could not find them afterwards—we were informed by some gentleman who went to the station and gave his name and address that one gentleman was Horace Sidney, of 8, Southamp
<lb/>ton Buildings—I went there but could not find him there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-133" type="surname" value="PECKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-133" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE PECKHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 152). At 12.45 on this morning I was in Holborn and saw a policeman with McCarthy in his custody—Dono
<lb/>van had hold of him pulling him away—I took Donovan—he became very violent and kicked me several times on my legs and struck me several times on my jaws with his fist—No. 104 came to my assistance and we took him to the station—104 is not here; he came up after me—there were about 100 people there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners' Statements before the Magistrates. McCarthy gays:</hi> "We had been in a public and we had some drink. When we came out we got shoving each other about; one of my mates got knocked down and I was pushed over him. As I got up the first constable said I attempted to rob the man. Eight or nine of us were all larking together ten minutes before the constable came up."
<hi rend="italic">Sullivan says:</hi> "I was a little the worse for drink. Seeing a mob I went up. The constable shoved me and said he would lock me up. I said I had done nothing. The constable tore my shirt and coat."
<hi rend="italic">Donovan says: "</hi> We were
<hi rend="italic">sky</hi> larking altogether. I was a little in front, and turning round I saw three of our mates on the ground and the con
<lb/>stables ran across the road, and one of them took me to the station. I told them I had done nothing. At the station I told the Inspector the man on the ground was a friend of ours, but I did not know who it was."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners in their defence repeated the above statements and denied any attempt at a robbery.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-121-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-121-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-121-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The indictment further charged Sullivan with a previous conviction in September</hi>, 1873,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of
<persName id="t18760110-name-134">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-134" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18760110-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-name-134 t18760110-alias-2"/>James Staff</rs> </persName>, but it appeared that the name of "Sullivan" had been erroneously substituted for McCarthy," who admitted that he ought to have been the person 'charged.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100032"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of the previous conviction.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">McCARTHY</hi>—Ten
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-121-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-121-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-121-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-121-18760110 t18760110-121-punishment-28"/>Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-121-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-121-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-121-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-121-18760110 t18760110-121-punishment-29"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DONOVAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-121-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-121-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-121-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-121-18760110 t18760110-121-punishment-30"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-122">
<interp inst="t18760110-122" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-122" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-122-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-122-18760110 t18760110-122-offence-1 t18760110-122-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-122-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-122-18760110 t18760110-122-offence-1 t18760110-122-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-122-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-122-18760110 t18760110-122-offence-1 t18760110-122-verdict-1"/>
<p>122.
<persName id="def1-122-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-122-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-18760110" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-18760110" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-18760110" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH SULLIVAN</hi> (17)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-122-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-122-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-122-18760110" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-122-18760110" type="surname" value="REECE"/>
<interp inst="def2-122-18760110" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN REECE</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-122-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-122-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-122-18760110" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-122-18760110" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="def3-122-18760110" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES REEVES</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-122-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-122-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-122-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18760110-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-138" type="surname" value="PICARD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-138" type="given" value="AUGUSTE CAPET"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-138" type="occupation" value="jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-122-offence-1 t18760110-name-138"/>Auguste Capet Picard</persName>, and steal
<lb/>ing from his person one watch, two pencil cases, and other articles his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOUGLAS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. C. MATHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Reeves.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-139" type="surname" value="PICARD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-139" type="given" value="AGUSTE CAPET"/>AGUSTE CAPET PICARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">through an Interpreter</hi>). I am a jeweller, and am living at the Globe Hotel, Hatton Garden—on Saturday night, 20th December, I was between Holborn and Oxford Street, where some omni-busses stand, and met the two female prisoners—Sullivan, who speaks a little French, asked me to go home with her, before doing so I went with both women to have a glass, but that was only a momentary affair, just inside the house and out again—we then went to Sullivan's lodging, which is down a turning; I don't know the name of—I went into a house with them, and into a room on the ground floor—both the women went into the room with me, and one of them locked the door, I can't say which—I then took off my clothes upon which one of them extinguished the candle and at that moment three men came in who rushed on me and robbed me of my watch and chain, which were in the left breast pocket of the coat I had taken off, and of a parcel containing jewellery—1 had put my clothes on a chair, and they were thrown down when the three men rushed in, and when I found my clothes there was nothing in them—the room door was unlocked from the outside—the men struck me; I rushed upon them—I see one of them here—I defended myself—they did not strike me, they robbed me of my things, and when I cried "Thief" and "Help" then they struck me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>. I only saw them take my clothes. and throw them on the ground—I defended myself and tried to take the clothes away from them, as much as I could—I went quite near
<hi rend="italic">to them</hi> and then I halloaed out, and they went out and closed the door and locked me in, and then I broke the door in—my clothes remained inside, and I picked them up right and left—when I went into the room I looked round and took off my coat and under coat, and waistcoat, and that was all—I then went to the bed, and at that moment the candle
<hi rend="italic">was</hi> extinguished—my clothes were on the other side of the room—as soon as the candle was extinguished I saw the shadow of the men who came in—they went to my clothes and searched them—I was 3 or 4 yards from my clothes when they searched them, they then threw them down and ran away—I did not strike them till they went out, when I ran after them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOUGLAS</hi>. Light came in at the window, and also through the door, when the door was opened—the window looks into a court where there was a gas light—I was in the house five minutes before this happened—it was about midnight—I saw my property at the station two or three hours afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> The women were all round me, but they did not strike me; I could not sec that they took any of my things; it was you who blew the candle out; it did not fall down, it was purposely extinguished.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. The men came in at the same time that the candle was put out—1 was questioned at the police-court by</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100033"/>
<p>Reeves, and I said that he was one of the three—I said that I was not certain about another one, but that I was almost sure about this one, and the more I see him the more sure I am—Reeves did not interrogate me, but the Magistrate did—I was about five minutes with the women, and a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes when they locked me in, and I was crying "Police"—the woman who blew the candle out was locked in with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-140" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-140" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CHANDLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 121). I was called about 12.30 to 7, Bennett's Buildings, which is no thoroughfare—I heard a disturbance and the landlord who was standing at the top of the court told me something—I know the house, it is a brothel—I went into a room on the left on the ground floor and found Sullivan on the bed, and the prosecutor inside the door with his clothes on—the door was unlocked and open—I could not understand the prosecutor's language so I spoke to Sullivan, and asked her if she knew anything of this affair, and said that I should take her to the station for robbing and being concerned in assaulting the man—she said nothing—I took her to the station and on the way she said that she was innocent and knew nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> The prosecutor went with us to the station, and anything between you was said in a language I did not understand; you said at the station that you did not know anything about the property, and he said "You know well enough."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-141" type="surname" value="TYRRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TYRRELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 37). I was called to Bennett's Build
<lb/>ings, about 1 o'clock a.m., and went into the front parlour—no one was there—I saw Reeves and Reece in the passage, and asked them if they had heard of a robbery a little time ago of a Frenchman—they said "No"—I said "I shall take you two in custody for being concerned with a person now in custody in robbing a gentleman"—Reece said "I know nothing about it"—Reeves said "I know nothing about the matter, I was drinking with the two girls at the Crown public-house"—I took them to the station; I went afterwards into the opposite room on the same floor which I found was Sullivan's, and found this umbrella between the mattrass and the bed-stead—I searched Reece's room, and found two gold pencil cases in this pocket handkerchief behind the window curtains in Reece's room, and at 9 o'clock next morning I found this pencil case and this pair of gold slipper earrings in the passage where Reeves was standing when I took him in custody—nothing was found on Reeves—the female searcher found some other things—she is not here—I did not see her find them—when Reece was taken she said that was her room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Sullivan.</hi> The umbrella was hidden between the mattrass and the bed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATHEWS</hi>. It was 1.45 when I went there the second time—I did not call these pencil cases "keys" before the Magis
<lb/>trate—I do not know what the prosecutor calls them—I found Reece and Reeves in the front passage, not in the front parlour—my deposition was read over to me "the front passage." (
<hi rend="italic">The depositions stated "Parlour."</hi>) Reeves walked beside me quietly to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I only saw Reeves in the passage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-142" type="surname" value="PICARD"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-142" type="given" value="AGUSTE CAPET"/>AGUSTE CAPET PICARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This is part of the property I lost—these keys are called pencils—these slipper earrings do not belong to me—this umbrella is mine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Reeves' Statement the Magistrate was that he treated the. other two prisoners at a public-house in Oxford Street, but that he was in the court outside the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100034"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">house until the prosecutor arrived. Sullivan stated</hi>: "When the candle went out I do not know who came into the room; I never saw his watch he gave me 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and she would not stay for that."
<hi rend="italic">Reece stated</hi>: "I am quite innocent; the prosecutor does not speak the truth; he gave me 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., for the use of the room."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sullivan's Defence.</hi> Reece lives next door to me and when I met this I man we three went to a public-house. I said to Reece "Do you know of any room," and she said "You can have mine if you like. "I went to her room with the gentleman; he gave me 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., he had promised me a half-sovereign and I asked him
<hi rend="italic">for</hi> it as I had to give her half of it; he wanted to get away and took out a penknife; she took up a poker and said "If you touch me with the knife I will strike you with the poker;" she screamed and the men came in and there was an awful noise and the candle was knocked out. They were all scurrying out of the passage and she said "Come along." I was taken to the station and heard that he had been robbed of his watch and chain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Reece's Defence.</hi> What he says is quite false, I am innocent of the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOUGLAS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was evidence to constitute a robbery from</hi> I
<hi rend="italic">the person, the property being under the prosecutor's control, and the evident intention being to deprive him of it, and, therefore, that it was a larceny accompanied by assault and violence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">having consulted</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE MELLOR</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">considered that it was not a case of robbery or of stealing, from the person, although approaching it in spirit, and that therefore it was a question for the Jury of larceny or no larceny.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18760110-122-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-122-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-122-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of larceny.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REECE</hi>
<rs id="t18760110-122-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-122-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-122-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-122-18760110 t18760110-122-punishment-31"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-122-18760110 t18760110-122-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment each.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REEVES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-122-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-122-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-122-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-122-18760110 t18760110-122-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-123">
<interp inst="t18760110-123" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-123" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-123-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-123-18760110 t18760110-123-offence-1 t18760110-123-verdict-1"/>
<p>123.
<persName id="def1-123-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-123-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-123-18760110" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-123-18760110" type="surname" value="ASTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-123-18760110" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ASTLEY</hi> (22)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18760110-123-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-123-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-123-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for assaulting
<persName id="t18760110-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-144" type="surname" value="FREENE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-144" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-123-offence-1 t18760110-name-144"/>Edward Freene</persName> and causing him actual bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-145" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-145" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. REED</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-123-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-123-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-123-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>The Jury in this case being unable to agree, were discharged without giving a verdict.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-124">
<interp inst="t18760110-124" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-124" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-124-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-124-18760110 t18760110-124-offence-1 t18760110-124-verdict-1"/>
<p>124.
<persName id="def1-124-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-124-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-124-18760110" type="age" value="51"/>
<interp inst="def1-124-18760110" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-124-18760110" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES EDWARDS</hi> </persName> (51,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-124-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-124-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-124-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-124-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-124-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-124-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to stealing one ring, 22 yards of damask, 7 1/2 yards of tapestry, and 8 yards of velvet, the goods of his masters—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-124-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-124-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-124-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-124-18760110 t18760110-124-punishment-33"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment. And</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-125">
<interp inst="t18760110-125" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-125" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-125-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-125-18760110 t18760110-125-offence-1 t18760110-125-verdict-1"/>
<p>125.
<persName id="def1-125-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-125-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-125-18760110" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-125-18760110" type="surname" value="INGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-125-18760110" type="given" value="ALFRED ETHEB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED ETHEB INGTON</hi> (35)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-125-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-125-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-125-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-125-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-125-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-125-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> to receiving the same goods—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-125-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-125-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-125-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-125-18760110 t18760110-125-punishment-34"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before
<persName id="t18760110-name-148" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-148" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-148" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>Robert Malcolm Kerr</persName>, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-126">
<interp inst="t18760110-126" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-126" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-126-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-126-18760110 t18760110-126-offence-1 t18760110-126-verdict-1"/>
<p>126.
<persName id="def1-126-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-126-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-126-18760110" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-126-18760110" type="surname" value="BOWYER"/>
<interp inst="def1-126-18760110" type="given" value="EBENEZER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EBENEZER BOWYER</hi> (41)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-126-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-126-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-126-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18760110-126-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-126-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-126-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to stealing two delivery orders relating to goods, value 56
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18760110-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-150" type="surname" value="WESTWICK"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-150" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-126-offence-1 t18760110-name-150"/>Thomas Westwick</persName> and others, his masters—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18760110-126-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-126-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-126-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-126-18760110 t18760110-126-punishment-35"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-127">
<interp inst="t18760110-127" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-127" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-127-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-127-18760110 t18760110-127-offence-1 t18760110-127-verdict-1"/>
<p>127.
<persName id="def1-127-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-127-18760110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-127-18760110" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-127-18760110" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-127-18760110" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH LEWIS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-127-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-127-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-127-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-127-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-127-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-127-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-128">
<interp inst="t18760110-128" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-128" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-128-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-128-18760110 t18760110-128-offence-1 t18760110-128-verdict-1"/>
<p>128.
<persName id="def1-128-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-128-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-128-18760110" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-128-18760110" type="surname" value="HASSAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-128-18760110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HASSAN</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-128-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-128-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-128-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18760110-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-153" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-153" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-153" type="occupation" value="seaman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-128-offence-1 t18760110-name-153"/>Michael Sullivan</persName>, I with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100035"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. P. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-154" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-154" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL SULLIVAN</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman—on the night of Boxing-Day I was in Seal's House, Everard Street—Seal is a rule maker—we were sitting out enjoying ourselves when I heard a noise in the street—one of my friends went with me to see what it was—he is not here, he is gone to sea—I saw the prisoner there and another man who is here to-day—I got stabbed in the side by the prisoner—I had nothing in my hand—the pri
<lb/>soner had something in his hand—the policeman has got it—I then went in and was taken to the hospital and examined—I was quite sober—I be
<lb/>longed to the
<hi rend="italic">Warspite</hi>—1 didn't take any notice of the sort of knife he had in his hand—I saw a knife in his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> This man states to-day that he saw a knife in my hand. He stated at the examination that he did not see a knife in my hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The deposition being referred to, so stated.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-128-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-128-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-128-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-129">
<interp inst="t18760110-129" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-129" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-129-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-129-18760110 t18760110-129-offence-1 t18760110-129-verdict-1"/>
<p>129.
<persName id="def1-129-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-129-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-18760110" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-18760110" type="surname" value="COOLIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-18760110" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-129-18760110" type="occupation" value="tin plate worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES COOLIE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-129-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-129-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-129-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with another, with violence on
<persName id="t18760110-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-156" type="surname" value="BUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-156" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-156" type="occupation" value="lunatic"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-129-offence-1 t18760110-name-156"/>Henry Buck</persName> and stealing from him a watch and chain.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SIMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-157" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WATTS</persName> </hi>. I live at 44, Castle Street, Long Acre, and am a wheel
<lb/>wright—on the afternoon of December 27th, about 4 o'clock, I was in Hart Street, Covent Garden with my son when I saw the prisoner and another man on the top of a third man, and he asked the other man to hold him down—I distinctly saw him break the chain away from the old man; an old-fashioned silver guard—he then said "Cut it, Bill," or some expres
<lb/>sion of that kind, to his companion, who ran away—I immediately went up to the prisoner and said "You vagabond! you have been robbing that man"—he said "No I haven't; its all right, isn't it Bill?"—the man who was robbed was going away; slipping away as if he were afraid of anybody looking at him; but to make it appear all right he said "It's all right, isn't it Bill?"—I said "I will not allow you to go"—he went down Long Acre and I followed him—when I said he had been robbing the man he threw his coat back, "You say I have been robbing the man, search me"—I have since seen the prosecutor Buck.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> You and the other man were holding him down—that is the only violence I saw you use.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-158" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-158" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WATTS</persName> </hi>. I am the son of the last witness and was with him in Hart Street on the 27th December—I saw the prisoner and another man on the top of an old man in the middle of the road—the prisoner snatched the chain from the old man and said to the other man, "Cut it, Bill"—my father went up to him and said "You have been robbing that man and you shall not go till a policeman comes"—he said "I have not been robbing that man" and he threw his coat back and threw the chain behind on to a grating. '</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-159" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-159" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EYRE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 445). I took the prisoner and found the chain—I have the pieces.—</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. BUCK</hi>. The prosecutor is my husband—he is is a lunatic—I iden
<lb/>tify this chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Prisoner.</hi> I said that I had given my husband 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 27th to get his watch out of pawn.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The 27th was a Bank holiday and no pawnbroker was open. By trade I am a tin plate worker, but these last few weeks I have been going round to public-houses and giving recitations. On Monday,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100036"/>
<p>the 27th December, I was in the Fountain public-house in Edwin Street, Long Acre. I called for a pint of beer, and as there were some persons in there drinking, I asked the company if they had any objection to my singing them a song. They said "Not the least." I sang a song and gave a recitation, and received 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in coppers and some whiskey, and the mad man (
<hi rend="italic">the prosecutor</hi>) gave me two pieces of broken chain, and he called for a pot of ale. He followed me out and said "Will you have another?" We went to the corner of Long Acre into another public-house. He said "One more pint," and while there a gentleman came up and spoke to Mr. Buck, and then said to me "I will speak to you outside." He said "Do you know who you have got in your company?" I said "No". He said, "That man is mad." I said "You don't mean that?" I showed him the two pieces of chain, and he said "If I were you I should not keep his company. "This man's name I don't know. Mr. Buck left the house and I returned the chain and said "Here is your chain." He pulled me into the middle of the road, and the man that was with me rushed at him and the three ran into the road and the man who tried to get him from me ran away. He (Buck) made another rush at me. I stood in defence, and he then walked away. I was then accused of robbing him of his watch and chain. That is the explanation I have to give.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-129-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-129-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-129-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction for felony, in</hi> 1875,
<hi rend="italic">at the Bow Street Police Court, and several others were proved against him—
<rs id="t18760110-129-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-129-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-129-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-129-18760110 t18760110-129-punishment-36"/>Seven Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-130">
<interp inst="t18760110-130" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-130" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-130-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-130-18760110 t18760110-130-offence-1 t18760110-130-verdict-1"/>
<p>130.
<persName id="def1-130-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-130-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-130-18760110" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-130-18760110" type="surname" value="MARCHANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-130-18760110" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED MARCHANT</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18760110-130-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-130-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-130-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring with divers persons and obtaining, by false pretences, from
<persName id="t18760110-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-161" type="surname" value="KINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-161" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-130-offence-1 t18760110-name-161"/>George Kingham</persName>, eighty-five and a half dozen skins of the value of 220
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLET</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CRISPE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. H. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-162" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-162" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER MORGAN</persName> </hi>. In October last I was in search of a situation, and saw in the newspaper an advertisement, in consequence of which I went to 7, Lambeth Court, where I saw Adrian and Ferdinand Marchant—the name on the door was "Beaumont & Company"—they made out that they were Beaumont & Co.—I was engaged as office boy—I often saw the prisoner there—there was no business going on at all—they spent their time in sing
<lb/>ing and dancing about the place—the prisoner was not introduced to me—I knew his name as Alfred Marchant—he came there nearly every morning—I recollect the 4th November, when I was there till about 6.45—Ferdinand was there, and Alfred came with a truck with skins; I helped take them in—Ferdinand did not tell me anything about the skins then; he did subsequently, but Alfred was not present—I recollect Mr. Kingham calling on a Saturday; I don't recollect the date—I cannot recollect how long since it is that I saw Ferdinand—I remained in the office a week after he went away—he told me nothing about Kingham, except that he was in a hurry for his money—they spoke in French when not addressing me—I do not know; I assume it was French—Adrian went away a long time before Ferdinand, I think three weeks or a month—the premises were closed after I left—I had no idea they were going, they went suddenly—they rose me a shilling every other week nearly; they were to give me 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. when they went away and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the next week—I did not get
<hi rend="italic">my</hi> money—I don't recollect how many weeks I was paid for—there was nobody else there besides; no other clerk and no books.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100037"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-163" type="surname" value="KINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-163" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 285, Old Street, as importer of foreign goods—the prisoner called on my clerk the first week in Novem
<lb/>ber—I saw him on the previous Monday, the 1st November—I had seen him before, but had had no transactions with him—I knew him to have beentravelling for a party of the name of Fevrier—he said he knew a person who could buy skins—I did not know prisoner's name—I have it signed in my books as "Marshall"—I had heard him called Marsall—he was about four months in the employ of Fevrier—I told him I would give him samples, and asked the name of the buyer and whether I could see him—he said I could not see him, but he would take the samples and submit them to him—I let him have three dozen skins as samples; the value of them was about 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; they have never been returned to me—he mentioned the name of a firm (Underwood), of Birmingham, and spoke of their buyer as Mr. Clarke, and that he was in London—he said he would submit the samples to him and let me know the following day—when he came on the following day he said the price was rather high for some of them, but Mr. Clarke had returned to Birmingham, and he produced a card of "E. Beaumont & Compy."—I had never heard of them before—he spoke of Mr. Clarke, of Birmingham, as being connected with a highly respectable firm importing oil from Italy, and that I should have to do business with them—I said I would rather do business with Underwood; I asked him then how he. knew Underwood—he said he had been in the leather trade in Paris for about twelve years, and that Underwood was a very large buyer of the firm he was connected with in Paris—then he said I could not see Mr. Clarke as he had returned to Birmingham, and he made an appointment for me to see Messrs. Beau
<lb/>mont til; Co. on the following morning and gave me the card produced—I called there the next morning and saw the prisoner and the boy (the last witness), and the prisoner said to me "Mr. Beaumont's partner is not in" I said I would return in about half an hour—I went back again and he came to meet me at the the door and said "Mr. Beaumont's partner is in," and conducted me to a desk and introduced me to a person as Beaumont's partner I had no idea that he was a brother of the prisoner's—he said the goods were considered by the person who had seen them as being inferior and high in price, and would I take a discount off the price—I said I had given the quotations as low as I could make them—I produce a letterpress copy of the invoice prices quoted amounting to 220
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for eighty-five and a half dozen skins—the prisoner was present—I refused to take off any discount, and said I had agreed to give the person who negotiated the sale a commis
<lb/>sion of 5 per cent in the presence of the prisoner—he said "Well, in consi
<lb/>deration of your giving Mr. Marchant this commission, we will not say anything about the discount and would take them at that price—he called him "Mr. Marchant," and not his brother—I said I had other goods with these, Russia goods and sheep skins for the backs of chairs which would do equally well as morocco, and to break them would be a loss—he said he knew a man who was a very large buyer of these goods and probably he could do with them, and after going into the matter and an approxima
<lb/>tion of what they would be, consented to take the whole parcel at 220
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the terms of payment being thirty days—I wanted cash—Underwood was the person referred to as the large buyer whom he spoke of in the presence the prisoner and Ferdinand—I had taken with me a stamped bill for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. thinking there would be no difficulty in having the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in cash—he he said "We cannot afford to do it, all we get out of the transaction</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100038"/>
<p>is a commission ourselves"—I said "I would rather have the balance in cash I have brought a stamped bill for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," and he took another 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. stamp from his pocket-book—the goods were afterwards fetched from my shop in Old Street—the prisoner came and said that the goods were to go that night to Birmingham—I said I was so much occupied I could not attend to it then, but would send them round the following morning—he said "I will go and fetch Messrs. Beaumont's man"—I said I should much prefer having them counted, but he came back with a man and a barrow—he said he bad come for the goods, and I said I should not have time, that it was much too late to send them away, and if the goods were left there I should have them prepared and packed ready to go, he said "No," they had got packing cases of their own, and they would prepare and send them that night—he waited, having the man there, and I asked the man in the presence of the prisoner if he was Messrs. Beaumont's man, and he said he was—I have seen him since—he is the porter of Sambrook Court—the goods were taken away at about 6 o'clock in the evening—I arranged I should call on them the following morning which I did—the prisoner was there and Ferdinand came in after—Ferdinand said in the prisoner's presence that the goods had gone off to Birmingham that morning, and then we had the conversation about the bill—I wanted cash for the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and a 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. acceptance"—I produced my stamped bill in blank, and he produced another stamp from his pocket, and another bill for the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was drawn, and they were accepted by Ferdinaud Marchant, and were handed to me—(
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I got no money whatever—they were signed "E. Beaumont & Co."—they came due and I never got a 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for them—as to the commission I said to the prisoner "It is customory to give the commission when the goods are paid for, that is my experience"—he said he thought otherwise, and he was going to take a tobacconist's business in the Edgware Road—I was curious enough to ask the man's name, and he said "Johnson," and he said he wanted the money to buy the business, which he had agreed to do for 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I demurred at paying—there were two silk dresses I had of which I believe he had samples—they are not in the ordinary course of my trade, but were taken on a contra account from some person, and he agreed to take them and the balance (2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.) in money, which I gave him—I went to Sambrook Court about a week afterwards, when they seemed to be getting on with their business as usual—I did not see any one at first, but ultimately I saw Ferdinand Marchant—my suspicions were then aroused that my goods had been taken from me by fraud—I did not speak to the prisoner about it, though 1 saw him at the time—they wanted to get some more goods from a person in the Hackney Road—I did not speak to Ferdinand in the prisoner's presence—I met him at the entrance of the door and said I must request his address where he slept last night—I then pressed him—he refused to give it to me at first, and I said "If you do not I shall give you into the custody of a police-constable"—he then took out his pocket book and took out two envelopes, one bearing the address of "34, Mount Pleasant, Gray's Inn Lane," and the other "8, Mount Pleasant"—on the following day I applied for a warrant to issue from Old Jewry against the prisoner—I never saw Ferdinand afterwards—I went to the place of business again and found the boy there, who said they had gone away—I have been there since the boy left—I could not get in, it was shut up—when I got the address, was Friday, the 18th November—I have since had occasion to go to Paris where I saw Adrian in charge of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100039"/>
<p>police—I know Layland—I have never bought goods of him—his traveller Tomliuson called on me the same day that Ferdinand left the office, and I believe the prisoner, viz., 18th November—he brought me samples of skins and quotations, it was an exact copy of my invoice—I afterwards saw the goods and identified them—they were more than the value mentioned in the invoice—I was induced to part with the goods in consequence of a re
<lb/>ference which they gave me, a Mr. Purvey, of Bedford Square—the state
<lb/>ment to me was that the goods were going to Underwood of Birmingham, and that he had been connected with houses in Paris which I knew—I asked him the name of some of the houses in Paris—one was De La Selle—I should not have parted with the goods but for these statements, and that Beaumont & Co. did exist—I believed the card presented to me was the card of a real firm.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> When the prisoner called on me neither of us said any
<lb/>thing about commission of 5 per cent.—it was spoken about after the de
<lb/>livery of the goods, before the bill of exchange, because I mentioned to his brother then that I had to pay him commission, and that I could not take off the discount—the commission was not mentioned except at the conclu
<lb/>sion of the sale of the goods in question—I knew he was selling on commis
<lb/>sion for a tenant of mine, and I assumed there would be a commission, as it was his living—he did not tell me he was to make a profit of the trans
<lb/>action—I knew I was not selling to him—the reference was given to me the day before the goods were delivered—I called on Mr. Purvey in Bedford Square—he has a house there and servants—there is a Mr. Underwood of Birmingham—I believe he is not here, neither is Mr. Clarke.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-164" type="surname" value="NURSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-164" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD NURSEY</persName> </hi> ((
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer.</hi>) On the 24th November I arrested the prisoner and produced my warrant—I read the warrant to him—he said "My brother had the goods, I did not"—Ferdinand was the brother he spoke of, and his name was mentioned in the warrant—on the way to the station he took something from his pocket—I asked him what he had in his hand, he said "Nothing"—I said "Let me have it"—he said "You must not have it, it is a piece of blank paper; it is an order for some purses from Messrs. Braskier & Company to Mr. Elshacker, Seckford Street"—I found two pocket-books on him and two purses, pawn tickets and news papers; they do not refer to anything in this charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I noticed he had a guard with a corkscrew at the end—there were some of Beaumont's cards in his diary.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-165" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-165" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WARREN</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Edwin's Place and ana watchman in Sambrook Court—I have seen the prisoner at No. 7, the place of business—I recollect the 4th November drawing a truck with goods at about 6.30 and the prisoner was in charge of them; about an hour afterwards the prisoner went and fetched a cab and the things were taken away—I did not see him go with the cab but I think one of the Beaumont's went.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-166" type="surname" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-166" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ALBERT</persName> </hi>. I am an interpreter—I produce the diary of which you have a correct translation there—this was translated and I looked over it and compared it; it was in French. (
<hi rend="italic">Several extracts from the diary were read containing reference to the transaction in question</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-167" type="surname" value="ELSHACHER"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-167" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID ELSHACHER</persName> </hi>. I occupy a portion of the house No. 38, Seckford Street, Clerkenwell, the two kitchens—I have been there for five years and manufacture purses—Ferdinand called on me and showed me some samples of skin—I cannot tell exactly the date but a few days before they were sold to Ross—a few days after he came again and I went with him to Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100040"/>
<p>Ross; he told me he had received some leather from France and should like to sell it—I took the samples to Ross'—he would not buy them then but did a few days afterwards—I was present when he bought them—the paper found on the prisoner is an order from a house for goods the prices of which the prisoner had—I cannot tell when, except that it was some time ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had known Alfred Marchant and his brother-in-law and sister as respectable persons—the prisoner did not call upon me with reference to the skins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-168" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-168" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>AUGUSTUS ROSS</persName> </hi>. My place of business is in Northampton Square and I am a manufacturer of fancy leather goods—I know the last witness—he. brought me samples of skin November last, he came alone—it must have been a day or two after that I bought them—he brought me about 80 dozen—he said he was agent for Beaumont & Co., leather merchants in France—immediately after I bought them he brought Mr. Layland to me—I was not satisfied with the leather so I told the agent I would sooner take other leather for them because he showed me samples from other leather—he said "Oh, if they do not suit I have others," and he was to take it back, but one day he came and said he had a customer for my leather and could get me 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. down and 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., I subsequently sold the goods to Mr. Layland—when I bought the goods I gave cash 59
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and I wanted to give a bill for 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. but he would not take it—he said he would take some goods and he took 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth; purses and cigar cases and a cheque for 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-169" type="surname" value="LAYLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-169" type="given" value="THOMAS ALEXANDER"/>THOMAS ALEXANDER LAYLAND</persName> </hi>. I have seen the prisoner and his brother Ferdinand before and knew them as Beaumonts of Sambrook Court—I have had conversation, I believe, with Ferdinand—he called on me about the 6th November and said he had a manufacturer in Clerkenwell who had bought a lot of skins which were of no use to him and he wanted to resell them for cash and asked me to go to Northampton Square, Clerkenwell—I went to see them and gave 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. nett—I had the goods removed; they were after
<lb/>wards produced at the police-court and they are here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-130-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-130-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-130-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy on the ground of being the dupe of others—
<rs id="t18760110-130-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-130-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-130-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-130-18760110 t18760110-130-punishment-37"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi></p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, January</hi> 13
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1876.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-131">
<interp inst="t18760110-131" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-131" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-131-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-131-18760110 t18760110-131-offence-1 t18760110-131-verdict-1"/>
<p>131.
<persName id="def1-131-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-131-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-131-18760110" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-131-18760110" type="surname" value="MORPHETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-131-18760110" type="given" value="FREDERICK WOOD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WOOD MORPHETT</hi> (33)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18760110-131-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-131-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-131-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing a post-office order for 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18760110-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-171" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-171" type="given" value="ALBERT MAURICE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18760110-131-offence-1 t18760110-name-171"/>Albert Maurice Dixon</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—For stealing the money.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Upon the opening of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution</hi>, Mr. Besley, on
<hi rend="italic">behalf of the prisoner, contended that the indictment could not be sustained. A post-office order was sent from the country to the prisoner in London, to be received by him and applied to a certain purpose; he received the money and did not apply it as desired. He was charged as a bailee of the post-office order; the order was payable to himself; no one but himself had a right to be paid by the post-office order, and the particular coins in which it was paid must have been perfectly indifferent to the sender. The case of "</hi> Reg.
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> Hassall," 8, Cox, Criminal Cases, 491,
<hi rend="italic">was conclusive upon this point. There was no bailment here; it was physically impossible that the prisoner could pay the specific coins handed to the postmaster by the sended of the order, he must pay it with other monies received by him upon the order in London. The order was never to be returned to the sender, it was simply an order from the postmaster in the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187601100041"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">country to the postmaster in London, and when that order was obeyed by pay
<lb/>ment to the payee, all was done that the bailment required. It was not a negotiable instrument, and no action would lie against the postmaster for refusal to pay any other than the payee.</hi> Mr. Cole
<hi rend="italic">relied upon the case of "Reg. v.</hi> Aden," 12, Cox, Criminal Cases, 512,
<hi rend="italic">which he contended was precisely on all fours with the present case. That case shewed that there was no necessity for the specific coins being received, if a man had money holding for another, it did not matter what the coins were, he would be liable under the section upon which this indictment was framed, it was a matter for the Jury whether at the time the prisoner cashed the order he intended to appropriate the money, and if so he would be guilty of larceny.</hi> The Common* Serjeant: "
<hi rend="italic">This indictment consists of two counts, both counts charge the prisoner as a bailee; the first count charges him with stealing the post-office order. Now that was not a bailment to the prisoner, it was sent to him, and he was to cash it. The second count charges him as a bailee with stealing the money. The money never was the money of the sender, the money paid in at the post-office in the country was one thing, the money received in London was another; therefore on both counts the case fails in point of law, and the prisoner must be acquitted."</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18760110-131-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-131-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-131-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18760110-132">
<interp inst="t18760110-132" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18760110"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-132" type="date" value="18760110"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18760110-132-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-132-18760110 t18760110-132-offence-1 t18760110-132-verdict-1"/>
<p>132.
<persName id="def1-132-18760110" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-132-18760110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-132-18760110" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-132-18760110" type="surname" value="MORPHETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-132-18760110" type="given" value="FREDERICK WOOD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK WOOD MORPHETT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18760110-132-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18760110-132-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-132-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> iudicted for feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for the payment or 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi> Mr. Besley
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18760110-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18760110-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-173" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18760110-name-173" type="given" value="ALBERT MAURICE"/>ALBERT MAURICE DIXON</persName> </hi>. I am a rate collector of 21, Delhi Street, Landport—I am the bother of Frederick Sanders,
<hi rend="italic">of</hi> Stoke Newington, and during 1872 I had two or it may be three interviews with the defendant in connection with Mr. Sanders' affairs—I advanced to the defendant 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the purpose of paying a composition to my brother-in-law's creditors and I discounted a bill for 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. given by the defendant to my brother-in-law—that bill was dishonoured and noted which came to eighteenpence—it was to be paid at the second advance on the Saturday, but it was not—about 20th April, 1875, the defendant gave me the duplicate of a watch, which was pledged for 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I gave him a receipt—I took it out, and I think I paid 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for interest—I paid 15 guineas altogether to get it—he did not pay one penny composition to the creditors with the ten guineas, and when I found that out I wrote and threatened him that I should take proceedings for misappropriating the money and I told him so as well—I also wrote this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "F. W. Mophett, Esq. Sir,—I must earnestly request you to send me the amount you agreed to pay after your ex
<lb/>amination, as you must be aware that money is better to me than the watch and want it pressingly, &c., and I beg you to send me a cheque by Wednesday") I had threatened to summon him