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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18740921">
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>LUSK, MAYOR.</p>
<p>ELEVENTH SESSION, HELD SEPTEMBER 21ST, 1874.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18740921-name-1">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED, BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS & SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
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<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The city of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, September 21st, 1874, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-2" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-2" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">BART</hi>., M.P.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WILSHIRE BRAMWELL</hi>, Knt., one of the Barons of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-3" type="surname" value="AMPHLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-3" type="given" value="RICHARD PAUL"/>RICHARD PAUL AMPHLETT</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Barons of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-4" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM ANDERSON"/>WILLIAM ANDERSON ROSE</persName> </hi>, Knt., Alderman of the said City; The Right Hon., Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS WYATT TRUSCOTT</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-5" type="surname" value="FIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-5" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FIGGINS</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-6" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-6" type="given" value="HENRY EDMUND"/>HENRY EDMUND KNIGHT</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-7" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-7" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES WHETHAM</hi>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-8" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY JOHNSON</persName> </hi>, Knt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-9" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-9" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-10" type="surname" value="HEWETT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-10" type="given" value="ARTHUR TURNER"/>ARTHUR TURNER HEWETT</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUSK, MAYOR. ELEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>368.
<persName id="def1-368-18740921" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-368-18740921" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-368-18740921" type="surname" value="STUDHOLME"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">AGNES STUDHOLME</hi> (28)</persName>, was indicted
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<interp inst="t18740921-368-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>for unlawfully publish
<lb/>ing certain libels of and concerning
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<interp inst="t18740921-name-12" type="surname" value="PITTENDREIGH"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-368-offence-1 t18740921-name-12"/>Sarah Pittendreigh</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WEATHERFIELD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-13" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-13" type="surname" value="PITTENDREIGH"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-13" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH PITTENDREIGH</persName> </hi>. I am the widow of Mr. Pittendreigh, who was a solicitor's clerk—he died a year ago last May—the prisoner is my sister—she married Mr. Studholme—they separated in July, 1873—she left him twice, the last time was in July—at that time he had a large house in Myddleton Square—he gave that up—at Christmas time I took a house at 26, Cadogan Terrace—I have lived for many years on the same estate—Mr. Studholme came into the house at the same time I did, and he is lodging there still—he does not pay me so much a week now, because he is a ruined man—he will pay me ultimately, I hope—he agreed to pay me so much a week—two nights after I went into the house the prisoner came there with a mob of about 300 persons, and told them that I was living with her husband, and that I was the cause of his leaving her and she threatened that she would not stop till she had put me in the workhouse and that I and my daughter, aged 16, got our living by immorality—shortly after that I received a number of letters from her, sometimes two a day for. months—this the one of 31st December—it is the prisoner's writing. (
<hi rend="italic">This was addressed "Mrs. Pittrendreigh, living with J. Studholme, the Tichborns forger</hi>, 26,
<hi rend="italic">Cadogan Place, South Hackney, near French Hospital." It commenced</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">You vile wretch" and accused the witness of perjury, forgery, and adultery.</hi>) This is a letter of 7th January, received by my landlady—none of the letters are signed or dated—this is the prisoner's writing—there is not the slightest truth in the statement there made—it is a most atrocious falsehood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> It is not true that I am living in adultery with John Studholme; there is not the slightest foundation for such a charge—a son of Studholme's was living at Myddleton Square; I was then managing his</p>
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<p>affairs for him when his wife left him—the boy did not come into his father's room one morning and find me in bed with his father, and mistake me for his mother and say how glad he was to see his mother back again; this is the first I have heard of it—Studholme did not swear and send him from the house—I was not receiving relief from the Hackney Union before the separation of the prisoner and Studholme; I was, at the death of my husband; he had been ill for four years, and I had six children, and I had no one gaining a shilling for me, and our doctor, seeing us suffering in silent poverty, sent the parochial authorities—when I went to Myddleton Square, I took my children—we went there on 7th August, and he let the house and left it on New Year's Day this year—I was there the whole time, and managed the house very well for him—I removed from there to Cadogan Terrace, where I now am with Mr. Studholme; we are all living in one house, my son, aged twenty, my daughter, seventeen, down to my little girl, three years old—Mr. Studholme was a clerk to Messrs. Routledge—he left and was ill for two months and I nursed him, and he has not been to a situation since—I did not throw dirty water over the prisoner, nor did her husband in my presence, or rotten eggs—I never saw him use any violence to her—I applied to a Magistrate at Worship Street for a summons, on these libels; I also summoned her when she came and broke my window, but I withdrew that summons and wrote to my father to keep her quiet, as I did not wish to punish her—I have been summoned there myself once by her friend, Mrs. Pearce; that was after I had applied for these summonses, and they knew I should prosecute—I have not been a defendant at Worship Street on any other occasion—the Magistrate did not refuse to grant me a summons for these letters, he granted it; he did not go into the inquiry—he was to appoint a day to hear it and send to let me know—I did not hear, and I went to the Court, and the Chief Clerk advised me to proceed by indictment, as that would be quicker and cheaper, and I took his advice, and they returned me the money I had paid for the summons—I was not the only person who went before the Grand Jury; there was the lady who she wrote the second letter to—Mr. Stud
<lb/>holme was not with me when I was preferring the indictment—he did not know that I was going to do it; he begged me not to it—I did not subpoena him to prove his wife's handwriting—I subpœnaed him as an important witness against Pearce, who is here on another charge of libel—I did not subpoena him here last sessions; he was not in the building with me before I went before
<hi rend="italic">the</hi> Grand Jury—I met him here; we did not come together—I subpœnaed him because I would not trust to his coming, for all through he wanted not to appear in the case; he was broken down about my prosecuting his wife—he did not come down to Court with me to-day—my daughter and I came by train; he was here before us—I don't know how he came; he has been married to my sister eleven years—I have known him off and on the whole of that time, but for seven years previous to my going into the house I had not spoken to him.—my sister and I were brought up together, and after I was married I went back and lived with my family for years in Granville Square, where they now live, and she has lived with, me at different times—we have been on friendly terms up to the time she and her husband separated and after—he was by deed to allow her 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week—there have been many orders made against him for payment; he paid up to the time he fell ill and did not earn any more—the furniture was not seized and claimed by me: it</p>
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<p>was seized by Hollingsworth, who had a bill of sale on it, and I borrowed money and redeemed it—I have not been a witness many times in the superior Courts; I can't tell how often; I think once or twice—I have no recollection of being a witness at the Middlesex Sessions in 1864 on an appeal case—yes, I remember it; a man named Hawkins was convicted of exposure to children outside Harvey's shop at Knightsbridge—I did not swear that I had seen those children behaving indecently; I was taken there to speak the truth, and I did to the letter—the children did not swear that I was not on the spot at all; they admitted that what I said was the truth—I was a witness at Maidstone on the trial of a man for perjury in swearing he was in a railway accident at Ludgate Hill; he was convicted—I gave evidence for the defence—the Judge did not say he had a great mind to send me for trial—I did not make
<hi rend="italic">facsimile</hi> copies of four of the Claimant's letters; I did copy the letters he sent to me before I parted with thorn, and I have got the copies at home—I did not make
<hi rend="italic">fac. similes</hi> and represent t them to be originals—I did not trace the name on glass with tracing paper—I did not give up two letters on the receipt of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and keep two; I never received a farthing from either side—I gave up two letters which the convict wrote to me offering me a bribe; to Mr. Dobbinson; before parting with them I wrote my name across them, and any letters bearing my signature—I will stake my life are genuine—I have been charged with stealing a watch, and honourably acquitted; it was at Clerkenwell; I was taken in mistake for another party—I was not charged with stealing fowls: a fowl that I had, one of 300 that I kept, was claimed by a sister-in-law of the convict Orton under an assumed name—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is my writing, addressed to my father; also these three letters.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">did not address the Jury far the defence, as he could not justify the libels.</hi> The Recorder. "
<hi rend="italic">The only question is, whether these letters are libellous? I cannot suggest a doubt as to that, and no defence is offered." The Jury, however, found the defendant</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18740921-368-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>369.
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<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD PEARCE</hi> (22)</persName>, was indicted
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<interp inst="t18740921-369-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-369-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>for a like offence.</rs> He
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18740921-369-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>, and
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<interp inst="t18740921-369-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-369-18740921 t18740921-369-punishment-1"/>entered into his own recognizance in 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and one surety in 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to appear and receive judgment if called upon.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>370.
<persName id="def1-370-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-370-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-370-18740921" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-370-18740921" type="surname" value="ANTHONY"/>
<interp inst="def1-370-18740921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ANTHONY</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-370-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-370-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-370-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-370-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-370-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-370-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a piece of silk, eleven pieces of ribbon, and. other articles, of
<persName id="t18740921-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-16" type="surname" value="LEAF"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-16" type="given" value="CHARLES JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-370-offence-1 t18740921-name-16"/>Charles Joseph Leaf</persName> and others, his masters </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
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<interp inst="t18740921-370-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-370-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-370-18740921 t18740921-370-punishment-2"/>—Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>371.
<persName id="def1-371-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-371-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-371-18740921" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-371-18740921" type="surname" value="WOODGATE"/>
<interp inst="def1-371-18740921" type="given" value="HENRY ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ROBERT WOODGATE</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-371-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-371-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-371-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing a post letter containing two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England notes, the property of
<persName id="t18740921-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-371-offence-1 t18740921-name-18"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster General</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-371-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-371-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-371-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-371-18740921 t18740921-371-punishment-3"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-371-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-371-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-371-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>372.
<persName id="def1-372-18740921" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def1-372-18740921" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-372-18740921" type="surname" value="LOVE"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JAMES LOVE</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-372-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-372-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-372-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to two indictments for embezzling various sums of 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, of
<persName id="t18740921-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-20" type="surname" value="WIELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-20" type="given" value="JOHN FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-372-offence-1 t18740921-name-20"/>John Frederick Wieland</persName>, his master—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-372-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-372-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-372-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-372-18740921 t18740921-372-punishment-4"/>Twelve Month's Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-372-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-372-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-372-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-373">
<interp inst="t18740921-373" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-373" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-373-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-373-18740921 t18740921-373-offence-1 t18740921-373-verdict-1"/>
<p>373.
<persName id="def1-373-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-373-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-373-18740921" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-373-18740921" type="surname" value="LUNN"/>
<interp inst="def1-373-18740921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS LUNN</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-373-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-373-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-373-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing fifty-six pairs of gloves and twenty pairs of socks and other articles of
<persName id="t18740921-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-22" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-22" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-373-offence-1 t18740921-name-22"/>John Hudson</persName> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-373-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-373-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-373-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-373-18740921 t18740921-373-punishment-5"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18740921-373-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-373-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-373-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-374">
<interp inst="t18740921-374" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-374" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-374-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-374-18740921 t18740921-374-offence-1 t18740921-374-verdict-1"/>
<p>374.
<persName id="def1-374-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-374-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-374-18740921" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-374-18740921" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-374-18740921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JOHNSON</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-374-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-374-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-374-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, to a robbery on
<persName id="t18740921-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-24" type="surname" value="EATON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-374-offence-1 t18740921-name-24"/>John Eaton</persName> and stealing a watch and chain—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-374-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-374-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-374-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-374-18740921 t18740921-374-punishment-6"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-374-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-374-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-374-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-375">
<interp inst="t18740921-375" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-375" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-375-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-375-18740921 t18740921-375-offence-1 t18740921-375-verdict-1"/>
<p>375.
<persName id="def1-375-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-375-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-375-18740921" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-375-18740921" type="surname" value="OVENDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-375-18740921" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEWIS OVENDEN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-375-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-375-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-375-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing from a post letter 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18740921-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-26" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-375-offence-1 t18740921-name-26"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> Mr. Slade
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-27" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-27" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>CHARLES JAMES STEVENS</persName> </hi>. I am an inspector employed at the General Post Office—in consequence of some complaints at the Registered Letter</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210006"/>
<p>Office I made up, on the 19th August, this letter addressed to Mr. W. Watts, 3, Elliott's Row, Much Adam, Ware, Hertfordshire (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I enclosed in it a sovereign and a ten franc piece—I marked those coins, and having enclosed them, fastened the envelope and took the letter to the Post Office in Chancery Lane—I registered it in the ordinary way at 6.45 in the evening—it would be collected at Chancery Lane that evening and would be taken to the Western Central Office where it would lay till the following morning and be despatched and received at the Head Office about 5 o'clock—the prisoner was on duty at the Head Office Registered Letter Branch he was employed there on the 25th August—after the letter was received at the Head Office a receipt would be sent from the Head Office with the letter and that receipt would be sorted instead of the letter—the tab would be torn off the receipt and it would be the prisoner's duty to present that tab to the officer who held the letter, and upon the production of that tab the letter would be handed over to him. and finally despatched in the letter bag for Ware—the receipt and tab are made out at the Western Central Office, and sent on with the letter to the General Office—the letter is retained by the head officer there and the slip is sent in to be sorted by the ordinary sorters and the prisoner would bring it to the head officer who has possession of the letter, and gives up this tab as the receipt for it—the would then enter it on the letter bill for Ware and he should enclose the letter with others in the registered letter bag for Ware—it would be his duty to see the bag properly tied and sealed, and take it to the Inland Branch—it would be the prisoner's duty to make up the bag. that morning—about 7.30 that morning I went to the Inland Branch of the General Office, and examined the Ware registered letter bag—it had been made up and sealed at that time—I opened it and found this letter torn in the way it is now, with the exception of being cut open at the top—there was an opening in the side the same as there is now, which was large enough for a coin to come through—I opened the letter in order to ascertain what was in it—the ten franc piece was still in the letter, and the sovereign was missing—I went into the Registered Letter Office where I shortly afterwards saw the prisoner come in—I took him into a private room and said "Did you make up the registered letter bag for Ware?"—he replied "Yes"—I said "I wish to speak to you about a letter," at the same time producing this letter—"I said, "Did you make up this for Ware this morning?'—he said "It looks like the one I had"—I said "This letter is mine, I enclosed a sovereign and another coin in the letter before it was registered and upon examining the bag and taking the letter out I find the sovereign has been abstracted from this letter, do you know anything about it?"—he said "
<hi rend="italic">No"</hi>—he was then searched by Police Constable Moore—I saw him take the sovereign from one of his pockets—it was loose—he also took other monies which were in a purse from another pocket—I then said to the prisoner "Where did you get that sovereign?"—he said "I brought it from home this morning to pay 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for which I have been summoned at Guildhall"—I said "How long have you had the sovereign?"—he replied "Three or four days"—I then took the sovereign from the desk where it had been lying, and examined it and said "This is the sovereign which I identify as the one which I enclosed in the letter which I have spoken to you about, it bears my private marks—he replied "I know nothing about any marks, as I do not examine coin when I receive it"—the prisoner was then given into custody—he said "I hope you don't think I stole the sovereign,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STEVENS</hi>"—I replied "What else can I think, as the sovereign has been found in your pocket
<hi rend="italic">V</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> A letter posted at 7 o'clock in the evening in Chancery Lane would pass through the hands of two or three persons t hat evening—the address of the letter is entered in a book and the letter is kept till the next morning, when it would pass through another officer's hands at the West Central Office, and at the Chief Office, before it came into your possession it would pass through another officer's hands—it would be his duty to check the address of the letter and see that it was secure—it was your duty to sign the tab, and on the production of the tab the letter would be handed over to you—after the letters were enclosed in the bags you were responsible for them, and you would use your own discretion whether you would pass them to an assistant to seal them—it is your duty to see that they are sealed—for your own security you would do that—I received the bag about 7.20—I don't wish to swear that the contents of that letter were safe when it went into your hands—you would have an opportunity of mutilating a letter, as you have done in this case—each officer is looking after himself and has his; own duty to do—the assistant superintendent was in his desk when I went in to see you—you did not hesitate when I asked you whether you despatched the letter for Ware that morning; you hesitated about the letter and said it looked like the letter—you said you could not swear to that letter, but you had despatched one to the same address—I directed the officer to search you and you did not object in any way—I took the sovereign up from the desk after you had said you had had it in your possession three or four days, and told you I identified it as the coin I had put in that letter—I said the sovereign was marked, and you said when you took money you did not look to see if it was marked—I did not show you the mark—I did not tell you the letter contained marked money until I took possession of the money—I showed you where I expected the sovereign had come out of the envelope—many letters pass through the office with envelopes broken, but it is the duty of each despatching officer to examine those letters and see that they are intact before they pass through his hands—you asked me just now, with regard to mutilated letters, in each case those letters had passed through your hands, they had also passed through the hands of other people.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-28" type="surname" value="CLIFFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-28" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CLIFFORD</persName> </hi>. I am assistant sorter in the registered letter room at the Chief Office—it is my duty when a registered letter comes in to hold it until the tab is given to me—on 20th of August I held this letter in my possession, and this tab was delivered to me signed by the prisoner—I delivered the letter to the prisoner in exchange for the tab—the bag was opened by me at 5 o'clock in the morning, and it would be between that and 7 o'clock that I handed the letter to the prisoner—when he had received it it would be his duty to make up the bag and place that letter in the bag—when I delivered the letter to him it was entire—I examined it and it was perfect—there were no such holes as there are now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by the Prisoner.</hi> I always examine the letters before I give them in exchange for the tabs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-29" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-29" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a constable attached to the post-office—I searched the prisoner and found in his left hand trousers pocket the sovereign which I showed to Mr. Stevens—I found some silver besides.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't think the whole of the money was in one pocket—you were about to put your hand in your pocket when Mr. Stevens told</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210008"/>
<p>me to search you—you did not object to being searched—I placed the sovereign on the table when I took it out of your pocket and Mr. Stevens took it up—I searched your home but found nothing to indicate theft.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Jury.</hi> When Mr. Stevens took up the sovereign he said it was the one he had enclosed in the letter and it bore his private mark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner in his defence asserted his innocence and slated that he had received the sovereign in exchange for silver at a fruiterer's shop some three or four days before.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-375-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-375-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-375-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-375-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-375-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-375-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-375-18740921 t18740921-375-punishment-7"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-376">
<interp inst="t18740921-376" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-376" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-376-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-376-18740921 t18740921-376-offence-1 t18740921-376-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-376-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-376-18740921 t18740921-376-offence-2 t18740921-376-verdict-1"/>
<p>376.
<persName id="def1-376-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-376-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-376-18740921" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-376-18740921" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-376-18740921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CARTER</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-376-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-376-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-376-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embezzling the sums of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18740921-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-31" type="surname" value="GOYDER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-31" type="given" value="GEORGE ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-376-offence-1 t18740921-name-31"/>George Isaac Goyder</persName> and another his masters;</rs>
<rs id="t18740921-376-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-376-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-376-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> feloniously forging an endorsement on the cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">upon which</hi> Mr. Grain
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-376-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-376-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-376-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT. GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-377">
<interp inst="t18740921-377" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-377" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-377-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-377-18740921 t18740921-377-offence-1 t18740921-377-verdict-1"/>
<p>377.
<persName id="def1-377-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-377-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-377-18740921" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-377-18740921" type="surname" value="BIGGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-377-18740921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BIGGS</hi> (60)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-377-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-377-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-377-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-377-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-377-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-377-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> He
<hi rend="italic">was further charged with having been before convicted of a like offence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-33" type="surname" value="WELLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-33" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WELLAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman R R</hi> 6). I produce a certificate of the conviction of
<persName id="t18740921-name-34">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-34" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-34" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>Charles Roberts</persName>—I was present at the trial—the prisoner is the man. (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "Central Criminal Court, November.</hi> 1870,
<hi rend="italic">Charles Roberts convicted of uttering counterfeit coin having other counterfeit coin in his possession. Sentence, Eighteen Months' Imprisonment"</hi>) He was in my custody and I was a witness against him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-377-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-377-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-377-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-377-18740921 t18740921-377-punishment-8"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-378">
<interp inst="t18740921-378" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-378" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-378-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-378-18740921 t18740921-378-offence-1 t18740921-378-verdict-1"/>
<p>378.
<persName id="def1-378-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-378-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-378-18740921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-378-18740921" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-378-18740921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JOHNSON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-378-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-378-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-378-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-36" type="surname" value="VODHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-36" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN VODHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Vodham who keeps the Black Horse, Oxendon Street—on Tuesday, 1st September, between 1 and 2 o'clock I served the prisoner with 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of brandy—he gave me a florin—I gave him the change, and after he left I bent it and found it was bad—I had not put it in the till—I sent the potman after him and he brought him back—my husband had fetched a policeman and I charged the prisoner with passing a bad florin—he said that he had not and that I had never seen him before I had seen him on the previous Saturday but cannot recollect what he had, and also on the Monday between 1 and 2 o'clock, when I served him with a glass of stout and mild ale—he gave me a florin which I put in the till—no other florin was there—my husband cleared the till at 6 o'clock when he took charge of the bar and no one but me had served up to 6 o'clock—I saw him clear the till and the only florin there was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We have a good many customers from 10 to 2 o'clock, but Monday is a very quiet day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have no doubt that the prisoner is the man who came in on Saturday, Monday, and Tuesday—I know him by his dress.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-37" type="surname" value="VODHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VODHAM</persName> </hi>. On 1st September I was called and found the potman holding the prisoner—my wife said "Here he is," and accused him of passing a florin, and of having been there the day before—he said that it was the only bad coin he had ever had in his life—I ran and fetched a policeman—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210009"/>
<p>I had cleared the till at 6 o'clock on 31st August, the day before, and found in. it only one florin and that was bad; I put it in my pocket and gave the two florins together to the policeman on September 1st.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no assistants except a potman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-38" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-38" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FOSTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 115). On 1st September I was called and Mr. Vodham charged the prisoner with uttering a counterfeit florin—he said he must be mistaken for some other person—I searched him and found on him three shillings, two sixpences, and three pence—when he was first taken he gave his name as Anderson, but at the station he said that it was Johnson, 37, Rahere Street, Goswell Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-39" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these coins are both bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-378-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-378-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-378-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-378-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-378-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-378-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-378-18740921 t18740921-378-punishment-9"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-379">
<interp inst="t18740921-379" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-379" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-379-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-379-18740921 t18740921-379-offence-1 t18740921-379-verdict-1"/>
<p>379.
<persName id="def1-379-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-379-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-379-18740921" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-379-18740921" type="surname" value="MAHONEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-379-18740921" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JEREMIAH MAHONEY</hi> (20)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18740921-379-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-379-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-379-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSES. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-41" type="surname" value="KRAPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-41" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KRAPPER</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler of 4, Redgate Court, Minories—on 18th August between 2 and 3 p.m. I served the prisoner with worth of gin—he put down a shilling—I gave him the change, and two or three minutes after he left I took the shilling out of the till and found it was bad—there was no other shilling there—the prisoner came again the next day for 1/2 oz. of tobacco, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he also asked for 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of gin—I saw that he was the same person who was there the day before—he gave me a bad shilling—I caught hold of him, and said "You were here yesterday and paid me a bad shilling"—he said "No, I never was in your place at all"—I marked the shillings and gave them to the constable—he was dressed the first day as he is now, but he had a white apron on, and on the second occasion, though he did not show it, the prosecutor found a white apron on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did, not you say that you had
<hi rend="italic">chucked</hi> the first coin away?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, but I remembered where I had thrown it, and when the prosecutor told me to look for it I found it—I had marked it before I threw it away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-42" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LEWIS</persName> </hi>. On 8th August between 6 and 7, p.m. I was in the bar of the Clerkenwell Tavern, and saw the prisoner come in—he asked for half a pint of ale, took three or four shillings out of his pocket, and picked out a bad one for me—I gave it to Mr. Day, who told him it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-43" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-43" type="given" value="ALFRED STEWART"/>ALFRED STEWART DAY</persName> </hi>. I am manager of the Clerkenwell Tavern—on 8th August the prisoner came in, and the lad served him—he tendered a shilling—the boy tried it between his teeth, and said "I am afraid this is a bad shilling"—I went to the prisoner and said "Do you know that this is bad?"—he threw down a good shilling, and received 101
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. back—as I went round the bar he snatched up his change and ran out, and met a man—something passed between them, and he then went up Wood Street—I went to meet him at the other end and met a constable, to whom I pointed the prisoner out, and he was then taken to Clerkenwell Police Court, remanded, and discharged, as the Mint authorities said that it was his first offence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-44" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-44" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KNIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 272). Mr. Day gave the prisoner into my custody on 8th August—he was examined at Clerkenwell, remanded,. and discharged on 12th August.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-45" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-45" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK RYAN</persName> </hi>* (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 748). I was called to Mr. Krapper's and took the prisoner—I found an apron folded up and concealed inside his waistcoat—Mr. Krapper gave me these two bad shillings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WEBSTER</hi>. These three shillings are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-379-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-379-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-379-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-379-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-379-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-379-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-379-18740921 t18740921-379-punishment-10"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-380">
<interp inst="t18740921-380" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-380" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-380-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-380-18740921 t18740921-380-offence-1 t18740921-380-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-380-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-380-18740921 t18740921-380-offence-1 t18740921-380-verdict-1"/>
<p>380.
<persName id="def1-380-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-380-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18740921" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18740921" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-380-18740921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE THOMPSON</hi> (21)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-380-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-380-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-380-18740921" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-380-18740921" type="surname" value="NIXON"/>
<interp inst="def2-380-18740921" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK NIXON</hi> (20)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18740921-380-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-380-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-380-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-48" type="surname" value="WITHEY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-48" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES WITHEY</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Railway Tavern, Lower Edmonton—on 26th August the prisoners came in together, and Nixon called for a pint of
<hi rend="italic">four half</hi> and some tobacco, which came to 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he threw down a florin—I told him that it was bad—he said "Well give it to back again"—I said "No, I shall not do that"—I gave it to my husband, who sent for the police—Thompson said "Let us pay for the beer between us if they will give us the money back"—I kept the florin, and my husband gave them in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-49" type="surname" value="WITHEY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-49" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD WITHEY</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Railway Tavern, Lower Edmonton—on 26th of August my wife brought me a florin and I ran out, got a constable, and gave the prisoners in custody—Thompson said "If you don't give me the bad florin back, you may deface it if you like, I will see you b——before I pay for the beer and tobacco"—I gave it to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-50" type="surname" value="HISCOKE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-50" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA HISCOKE</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Crown and Auchor, Edmonton, not far from the Railway Tavern—on 26th of August, about 5 o'clock, the prisoners came in and Nixon asked for half a pint of half-and-half, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—whilst I was drawing it a florin was put down and Nixon picked the change up—they then said they would have some gin—I did not discover that it was bad till after they left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-51" type="surname" value="HISCOKE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-51" type="given" value="ROBERT ARTHUR"/>ROBERT ARTHUR HISCOKE</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Crown and Anchor, Edmonton—on 26th of August my wife gave me a florin, which I marked and gave to the police—I went to the till both before and after, and there was no florin there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-52" type="surname" value="WISEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-52" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WISEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am painter of Edmonton—on 26th of August I was in the Crown and Horseshoes, which is between the other two houses—the prisoners and another man came in and had some beer, which they drank and paid for in coppers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-53" type="surname" value="FAIRALL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-53" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN FAIRALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). On 26th August I received information at the Railway Tavern and received this florin from Mr. Withey—I took Nixon—he said that he received the florin from his master, but next day he said that he took it of a cocoa-nut man—I received this other florin from Mr. Hiscoke, it was marked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-54" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-54" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 441). I took Thompson—he said that he met Nixon, who asked him to go in and he would treat him to a pint of beer and produced a bad florin to pay and if he had known it he would not have been in his company, but he had been with him all day—one penny was found on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-55" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These florins are both bad and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Nixon's Defence.</hi> I did not know it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-380-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-380-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-380-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was further charged with a previous conviction in March</hi>,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210011"/>
<p>1873,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NIXON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">with a previous conviction in April</hi>, 1873,
<hi rend="italic">to which they both</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-380-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-380-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-380-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-380-18740921 t18740921-380-punishment-11"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-380-18740921 t18740921-380-punishment-11"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-381">
<interp inst="t18740921-381" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-381" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-381-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-381-18740921 t18740921-381-offence-1 t18740921-381-verdict-1"/>
<p>381.
<persName id="def1-381-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-381-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18740921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18740921" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-381-18740921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BARRETT</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-381-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-381-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-381-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-381-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-381-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-381-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>The Jury being unable to agree they were discharged without giving any verdict, and the case was tried on the following day. </rs>(See page</hi> 336.)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-382">
<interp inst="t18740921-382" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-382" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-382-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-382-18740921 t18740921-382-offence-1 t18740921-382-verdict-1"/>
<p>382.
<persName id="def1-382-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-382-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18740921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18740921" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-382-18740921" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL JONES</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-382-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-382-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-382-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-382-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-382-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-382-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>** to unlawfully attempting to stealing a watch from the person of
<persName id="t18740921-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-58" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-58" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-382-offence-1 t18740921-name-58"/>James Potter</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-382-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-382-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-382-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-382-18740921 t18740921-382-punishment-12"/>Eighteen, Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-383">
<interp inst="t18740921-383" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-383" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-383-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-383-18740921 t18740921-383-offence-1 t18740921-383-verdict-1"/>
<p>383.
<persName id="def1-383-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-383-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18740921" type="age" value="72"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18740921" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-383-18740921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY THOMAS</hi>** (72)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-383-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-383-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-383-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing a brass plate affixed to a dwelling-house, the property of
<persName id="t18740921-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-60" type="surname" value="REDHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-60" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-383-offence-1 t18740921-name-60"/>Joseph Redhouse</persName>; having been before convicted in April, 1866—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-383-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-383-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-383-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-383-18740921 t18740921-383-punishment-13"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-383-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-383-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-383-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-384">
<interp inst="t18740921-384" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-384" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-384-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-384-18740921 t18740921-384-offence-1 t18740921-384-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-384-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-384-18740921 t18740921-384-offence-1 t18740921-384-verdict-1"/>
<p>384.
<persName id="def1-384-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-384-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18740921" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18740921" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-384-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SULLIVAN</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-384-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-384-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-384-18740921" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-384-18740921" type="surname" value="SWEENEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-384-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SWEENEY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-384-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-384-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-384-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a glass case and a stuffed bird, the property of a person unknown.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAFFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-63" type="surname" value="KENISTON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-63" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES KENISTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). On Tuesday, 1st of September, I was on Tower Hill with Halse, and saw the two prisoners and a man not in custody about three o'clock in the afternoon—I saw a cart there—Sweeney went to the tail part of the cart and took this glass case containing a stuffed bird, from behind and put it under his coat—he then ran across into Rosemary Lane, followed by Sullivan and the other man—we followed them some little distance, and then Sweeney gave it to Sullivan, and Sullivan put it underneath his coat—just before they got to Dock Street, Sullivan gave it back to Sweeney again, and they went into the Star public-house in Dock Street—I followed and took Sullivan into custody and Halse took Sweeney—Sullivan said "What do you want me for, I have not done anything"—I brought him into the bar, and Sweeney said he knew nothing about it: he had not seen it before—after we got to the police-station he said he gave 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it, to a man who was going hop picking—I went on to Tower Hill, but the horse and cart were gone. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-64" type="surname" value="HALSE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-64" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL HALSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective.</hi>) I was with Keniston on Tower Hill, and saw the two prisoners and another man—I saw Sweeney go behind a cart that was standing there, and take this case out and run across into Rosemary Lane, followed by Sullivan and the other man—when in Rosemary Lane Sweeney gave it to Sullivan who put it under his coat and carried it some distance—I followed them to the corner of Dock Street where Sullivan gave it back to Sweeney and they all three went into a public-house—I spoke to a uniform man, and we went into the public-house—the other man made a rush out—I caught hold of Sweeney—he pushed the case under the seat in the bar.—I said "I want you"—he said "What for?"—I said "You will be charged with two other men with stealing this case from a cart on Tower Hill"—he said—"I never saw it before"—I took him to the station and when the charge was read over to him by the inspector, he said "I bought it for 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of a man who was going hopping."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-384-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-384-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-384-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SWEENEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted in</hi> 1872**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-384-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-384-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-384-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-384-18740921 t18740921-384-punishment-14"/>Seven Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SULLIVAN</hi>*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-384-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-384-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-384-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-384-18740921 t18740921-384-punishment-15"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-385">
<interp inst="t18740921-385" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-385" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-385-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-385-18740921 t18740921-385-offence-1 t18740921-385-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210012"/>
<p>385.
<persName id="def1-385-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-385-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18740921" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18740921" type="surname" value="SHAYLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-385-18740921" type="given" value="EDWARD FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD FREDERICK SHAYLER</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-385-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-385-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-385-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18740921-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-66" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-66" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-385-offence-1 t18740921-name-66"/>Ann Taylor</persName> with intent to ravish her.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count.</hi> Indecently assaulting her.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18740921-385-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-385-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-385-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-385-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-385-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-385-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-385-18740921 t18740921-385-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-386">
<interp inst="t18740921-386" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-386" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-386-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-386-18740921 t18740921-386-offence-1 t18740921-386-verdict-1"/>
<p>386.
<persName id="def1-386-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-386-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18740921" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18740921" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="def1-386-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES STEWART</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-386-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-386-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-386-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-386-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-386-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-386-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to five indictments for stealing watch chains, guards, and earrings, of
<persName id="t18740921-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-68" type="surname" value="WELDON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-68" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-386-offence-1 t18740921-name-68"/>Jeremiah Weldon</persName> and others, his masters, who recommended him to mercy—</rs>
<rs id="t18740921-386-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-386-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-386-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-386-18740921 t18740921-386-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-387">
<interp inst="t18740921-387" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-387" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-387-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18740921 t18740921-387-offence-1 t18740921-387-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-387-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18740921 t18740921-387-offence-2 t18740921-387-verdict-1"/>
<p>387.
<persName id="def1-387-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-387-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18740921" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18740921" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-387-18740921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WOOD</hi>** (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-387-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-387-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-387-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering a request for the delivery of three colour boxes,</rs>
<rs id="t18740921-387-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-387-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-387-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>and to forging an order for the payment of 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. with intent to defraud,</rs> having been before convicted—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-387-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-387-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-387-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-387-18740921 t18740921-387-punishment-18"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-387-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-387-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-387-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-388">
<interp inst="t18740921-388" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-388" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-388-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-388-18740921 t18740921-388-offence-1 t18740921-388-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-388-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-388-18740921 t18740921-388-offence-1 t18740921-388-verdict-1"/>
<p>388.
<persName id="def1-388-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-388-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18740921" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18740921" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="def1-388-18740921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SPENCER</hi> (25)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-388-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-388-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18740921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18740921" type="surname" value="OFFORD"/>
<interp inst="def2-388-18740921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES OFFORD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-388-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-388-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-388-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18740921-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-72" type="surname" value="KENNEDY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-72" type="given" value="PATRICK MAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-388-offence-1 t18740921-name-72"/>Patrick May Kennedy</persName> and stealing therein 1800 yards of silk, Spencer having been before convicted in September, 1873.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SPENCER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-388-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-388-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-388-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-388-18740921 t18740921-388-punishment-19"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OFFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-388-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-388-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-388-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-388-18740921 t18740921-388-punishment-20"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18740921-388-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-388-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-388-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-389">
<interp inst="t18740921-389" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-389" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-389-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-389-18740921 t18740921-389-offence-1 t18740921-389-verdict-1"/>
<p>389.
<persName id="def1-389-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-389-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-389-18740921" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-389-18740921" type="surname" value="TANNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-389-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TANNER</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-389-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-389-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-389-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18740921-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-74" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-74" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-389-offence-1 t18740921-name-74"/>Mary Dunn</persName>, his wife being alive—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-389-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-389-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-389-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-389-18740921 t18740921-389-punishment-21"/>One Month' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-389-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-389-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-389-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-390">
<interp inst="t18740921-390" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-390" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-390-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-390-18740921 t18740921-390-offence-1 t18740921-390-verdict-1"/>
<p>390.
<persName id="def1-390-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-390-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-390-18740921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-390-18740921" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-390-18740921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BARRETT</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-390-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-390-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-390-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. McCLYMOND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence. (See Page</hi> 335.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-76" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-76" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES MARSH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Marsh, of 22, Orchard Street—on 28th August a woman came in for a pennyworth of acid drops, and tendered a shilling to my little girl—I sent the girl out to get it changed—she came back with it in her hand and I found that it was bad—Armitage came in and broke it in half—the woman had it back and tied it up in a corner of her handkerchief—I declined to prosecute her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-77" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-77" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY MARSH</persName> </hi>. I help my mother in the shop—a woman came in for some acid drops, and my mother sent me to get change for a shilling—I I went to Mr. Robinson who gave it back to me and I gave it to my mother.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-78" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-78" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ABBOTT</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Royal George, Orchard Street, Ball's Pond; about 200 yards from Marsh's shop—on 28th August, about 4 p.m., I saw the prisoner at the top of Orchard Street talking to a woman for two or three minutes, and I saw the same woman in Mrs. Marsh's shop five or ten minutes afterwards—I saw Armitage, the policeman, there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen the prisoner or the woman before—I recognise him simply because he stood talking there—I have not the least doubt that the prisoner is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-79" type="surname" value="ARMITAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-79" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD ARMITAGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 547.) On 28th August a complaint was made to me, and I went to Mrs. Marsh's shop and saw a woman there—a complaint was made to me—I left the woman there in a constable's charge and went to Mrs. Robins, shop where the prisoner was pointed out to me—I said to him "I want you to go down the street, I want to speak to you"—he said "Me, sir?" I said "Yes," took him to Mrs. Marsh's shop and asked him if he knew the woman who I had left there—he said "No, I never
<hi rend="italic">saw</hi> her in my life before"—I then asked her if she knew him—she said "No"—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210013"/>
<p>I asked the prisoner if he had anything on him—he said "No"—I searched him and found 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and some tobacco—Mrs. Marsh declined to prosecute—I do not know whether they went away together, but shortly after they left, the boy Weyman gave me this florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He did not run away; the money he had was good—I do not know where the woman is; I have not searched for her, as the case was not in my hands.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Although Mrs. Marsh declined to prosecute, I should-have taken the woman up if the coin had arrived two minutes earlier.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-80" type="surname" value="WEYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-80" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WEYMAN</persName> </hi>. I was fourteen last May, and live with my mother at 2, Cross Street, Ball's Pond—on 28th August, about 4.5, Mrs. Robinson sent me for a constable, and as I was going, I saw the prisoner in Orchard Street—I am sure of him—he went round by Wall Street, and I saw him. stoop down by Mrs. Saunders' gateway and put something-down-in the corner; he then covered what he had put there over with, dirt—I fetched a policeman, who went to Mrs. Marsh's shop—five or six minutes afterwards I went to the gateway and found a florin and two shillings, which. I gave to the policeman—one of the shillings was wrapped in yellow paper, and the other was loose.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not talked over this matter with, the policeman; I have with the solicitor in charge of the case—I had never seen the prisoner before—I do not know where he lives; he is a perfect stranger to me—Mrs. Robinson had pointed him out as the man who had been with the woman, and it was after that that I saw him at the gateway.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I am sure he is the man I saw at the gateway.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-81" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GOODWIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 21). On 28th August, about 4.30 or 5 o'clock, I went to the Royal William, saw. the prisoner, and told him I was going to take him in custody for being concerned with a female-in attempting to utter a counterfeit shilling—he said that he had no counterfeit coin in his possession, and that he was not in the company of any female—he said outside the public-house, "This is the second time I have been up for the same thing; once in the City."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I do not know where the woman is; I have not searched for her—the prisoner did not resist—he gave his address 17, Dean Street, Holborn—I went there with another constable on Thursday night, and a person came to the door and said that no such person lived there—I do not know that letters have come to him in Newgate from 17, Dean Street—the evidence I have given to-day is the same as I gave yesterday as far as I can. recollect—I said yesterday that the boy when he saw the prisoner in custody said, "That is the man"—I did not say that to the Police Magistrate—that was said in the prisoner's presence loud enough for him to hear—the boy was with Armitage—Mrs. Robinson is not here; I know where she lives.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I have never searched for the woman, because I do not know her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-82" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-82" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM "WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are all bad, and the two shillings are from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-390-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-390-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-390-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-390-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-390-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-390-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-390-18740921 t18740921-390-punishment-22"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-391">
<interp inst="t18740921-391" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-391" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-391-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-391-18740921 t18740921-391-offence-1 t18740921-391-verdict-1"/>
<p>391.
<persName id="def1-391-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-391-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-391-18740921" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-391-18740921" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-391-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SMITH</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-391-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-391-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-391-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ARETAS YOUNG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-84" type="surname" value="CANNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-84" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA CANNELL</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Swakley Arms, Shepherd's Bush</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210014"/>
<p>—on 31st August, about 4.45, I served the prisoner with 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of gin—he gave me a florin; I told him it was bad—he pulled out a good one and told me to take it out of that—I refused, and gave the florin to the policeman; I had not parted with it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-85" type="surname" value="CLAXTON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-85" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CLAXTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 186). On 31st August I was called to the Swakley Arms, and the last witness gave the prisoner into my custody with this florin—I found on him a florin, a shilling, a sixpence, and 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., all good.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> There was three halfpence and two shillings in my pocket, and then I received the small money in change for the good florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-86" type="surname" value="CANNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-86" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA CANNELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I did not take the good florin till the constable came, and then I gave the prisoner a shilling, a sixpence, and 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze in change.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-87" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-87" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND HILLIER</persName> </hi>. I keep a refreshment house in Blackfriars Road—on 17th July, between 12 and 1 o'clock, I served the prisoner with a twopenny pie—he gave me a bad half-crown, and when I said it was bad he shammed drunkenness, and said that he did not want anything—I gave him in custody with the coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I walked out, and you met me in the Blackfriars Road and gave me in charge.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I caught you in Upper Ground Street, and gave you in charge of my man while I got a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-88" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GODDARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman L</hi> 40). On 17th July I took the prisoner.—he was taken before a Magistrate at Southwark, remanded till 22nd July, and discharged—I received this half-crown from Mr. Hillier, and marked it—I found on the prisoner a good half-crown and three halfpence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-89" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this half-crown and florin are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate:</hi> "At 4.45 I went in the public-house and called for
<hi rend="italic">two</hi> of gin cold, I put my hand in my pocket and pulled out a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece which I placed down. The barmaid picked it up with her right hand and went in the parlour, where she was with the other barmaid four or five minutes. She came back, went to a cupboard in front of the bar and opened it with her right hand, then put her left hand in, shuffled some money, and shut the door again with her right hand; then she came to me and said 'This is a bad two-shilling piece young man,' I said 'Why didn't you tell me so in the first place? She made no answer. I said 'If I have taken it it was in a mistake either out of half-a-sovereign or half-a-crown, you must not think I get my living at it;' she said 'I don't say you do.' Upon this I took out my pocket-book and showed her pawn tickets for my watch and rings which I had pawned to keep myself while out of employment. Then she went to the parlour door again and sent for a police constable, and I remained in the bar ten or twelve minutes before he came."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am guilty of passing it, but I did not know it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-391-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-391-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-391-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-391-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-391-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-391-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-391-18740921 t18740921-391-punishment-23"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-392">
<interp inst="t18740921-392" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-392" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-392-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-392-18740921 t18740921-392-offence-1 t18740921-392-verdict-1"/>
<p>392.
<persName id="def1-392-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-392-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-392-18740921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-392-18740921" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="def1-392-18740921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HURST</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-392-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-392-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-392-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18740921-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-91" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-392-offence-1 t18740921-name-91"/>John Wright</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-92" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman, and am staying at Statham Place in the East End—on 12th August I was in a beer-shop in Dean Street, Commercial Road—I was at the bar and the prisoner was in the tap room, using</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210015"/>
<p>very bad language—I told him to hold his noise as there were two young women there—about ten minutes afterwards he came out and began calling me very bad names—I shoved him on the arm and told him to go away—he went out and Vincent went after him and holloaed out "I am stabbed"—I went out and caught the prisoner by the back of his collar and saw Vincent leaning against a post with his hand on his hip—the prisoner tried to stab me, and said "Let me go"—I said "I shan't," and he holloaed out and gave a blow at my ribs and stabbed me, but I did not see any knife—I did not feel it at first, but afterwards I found that I had been stabbed—I let go, and he went away—I was taken to the hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This was at about 11.10, p.m.—the prisoner had had a tray selling sweets but he had sold them all—I did not take them out of the tray and throw them at him—I pushed him when he went outside the door—I had had no quarrel with him—I never struck the prisoner nor did Vincent—I have been in England nine or ten weeks this time; I was born here—I have never been summoned or charged with an assault.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-93" type="surname" value="MACK"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-93" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL MACK</persName> </hi>. I am a costermonger of 9, Star Street, Commercial Road—I was in this beer-house on 10th August—Vincent halloaed out "I am stabbed" and I ran out and saw Wright and the prisoner struggling—I saw the prisoner stab Wright in his side but I saw no knife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-94" type="surname" value="TOULMLN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-94" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TOULMLN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer K</hi>). On the morning of 11th August I took the prisoner—he pointed to a knife which was handed to me and said "That is the knife that did it"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I find that he has been in custody for felony, but the charge was withdrawn.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-95" type="surname" value="HURMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-95" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HURMAN</persName> </hi>. I was house-surgeon at the London Hospital—Wright was brought there—he had a wound on the lower part of his chest on the left side, which went through the lungs into the abdominal cavity, and part of his bowels were protruding—this knife might have caused the wound—it was very dangerous, but he is perfectly well now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-96" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-96" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VINCENT</persName> </hi>. I was at the public-house—I saw the prisoner go out after Wright had given him a push—I followed him directly—he said to Wright "Come along round the corner," and he laid hold of me and stabbed me—Wright ran and seized him by the collar, and he said "
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi> I am served the same"—I had not attacked him at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not quarrelling with him in the public-house—he asked us to go outside—he did not invite us to go out to fight—he said "Come round the corner," and then he attacked me directly.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18740921-392-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-392-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-392-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of Unlawfully Wounding</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-392-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-392-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-392-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-392-18740921 t18740921-392-punishment-24"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-393">
<interp inst="t18740921-393" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-393" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-393-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-393-18740921 t18740921-393-offence-1 t18740921-393-verdict-1"/>
<p>393.
<persName id="def1-393-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-393-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-393-18740921" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-393-18740921" type="surname" value="STUBBS"/>
<interp inst="def1-393-18740921" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD STUBBS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-393-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-393-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-393-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing five watches, of
<persName id="t18740921-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-98" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-98" type="given" value="JAMES WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-393-offence-1 t18740921-name-98"/>James William Benson</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-99" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-99" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ALDRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am manager to James William Benson, 58, Ludgate Hill—the prisoner has been in his employ since January—he left three weeks ago, and I met him last Thursday at the corner of Sutton Street, when he said that he had done something he was sorry for, and handed me duplicates for five watches—he went with me to Mr. Benson, who gave him in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did not I ask you as a favour, to come with me and get them out.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You said if I would go with you to some place in the Borough you thought you could get the money to redeem the watches,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210016"/>
<p>but I said "No"—if you had not told me this I should have found it out the following week—I said that it might have gone on till Christmas, because if you had continued with the firm I should have had no suspicion—I had to discharge you for being drunk, it had occurred twice, and I told you that if it occurred again I would discharge you without any warning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not threaten him in any way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-100" type="surname" value="EYLES"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-100" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY EYLES</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Smith and Dymond, pawnbrokers, of Newgate Street—this watch (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was pawned on 28th July for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the name of William Jackson, but I do not recognize the prisoner—this is the corresponding duplicate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-101" type="surname" value="BARNWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-101" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BARNWELL</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to Mr. Starling, a pawnbroker, of 207, High Holborn—this watch (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was pawned with me for 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the, 17th August in the name of Jackson—I have the original duplicate, which corresponds with one in the policeman's possession—I do not know who pawned it—Mr. Benson's name is on it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-102" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-102" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL DIXON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 456). I took the prisoner on 28th August, searched him at the station and found on him these five duplicates, among which is one for a watch pawned on 20th August at Smith and Dymond's—I found 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-103" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-103" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK ALDRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). These watches are all Mr. Benson's manufacture—we have the numbers of them—they have never been sold except one which belongs to one of our apprentices, which we had to clean—these are the duplicates the prisoner showed me when I met him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> If I had had any idea of stealing the watches, I should not have gone and told them about it after being discharged—I intended to replace them and should be happy to do so to-morrow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-393-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-393-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-393-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with, having been convicted of felony at Clerkenwell in January</hi>, 1871,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-393-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-393-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-393-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-393-18740921 t18740921-393-punishment-25"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday September</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Barnwell</hi>,</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-394">
<interp inst="t18740921-394" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-394" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-394-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-394-18740921 t18740921-394-offence-1 t18740921-394-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-394-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-394-18740921 t18740921-394-offence-1 t18740921-394-verdict-1"/>
<p>394.
<persName id="def1-394-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-394-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-394-18740921" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-394-18740921" type="surname" value="WEBBER"/>
<interp inst="def1-394-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WEBBER</hi> (38)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-394-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-394-18740921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-394-18740921" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def2-394-18740921" type="surname" value="WOOLFE"/>
<interp inst="def2-394-18740921" type="given" value="ANN DEBORAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DEBORAH WOOLFE</hi> (56)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18740921-394-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-394-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-394-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously forging and uttering a transfer of Stock in the Three per Cent. Consols, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">H. D. GREENE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOOLFE</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-106" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-106" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST WATSON</persName> </hi>. I am a stock and share broker, carrying on business at the Royal Exchange—in October last year my father was assisting me—on 22nd October I saw the prisoners in my office—my father had been there previously—he directed me in their presence to go over to the Bank of England and identify them—that is always necessary on the occasion of a transfer of stock—the necessary documents were made out in my office—I don't think I went over with them on the first occasion; Mr. Goldsmith, one of my clerks did—on their return my father gave them a cheque for 94
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—that cheque was subsequently cashed, through my bankers, Messrs. Smith, Payne and Smith—this was on 22nd October—I saw the prisoners again on 2nd December—on that occasion a transfer of stock was made and I attended at the Bank to identify them—I gave a cheque for the amount which had to be transferred—I saw them sign the transfer at the Bank on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210017"/>
<p>each occasion that I went—I identified the woman—on 8th January I attended again, and again on 16th April—my father died on 5th July—on 16th April I had the necessary documents for the transfer made out in my office—I attended with them at the Bank and witnessed the execution of the transfer, it was signed by the two prisoners. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a transfer of</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Three per Cent. Stock; by Richard Croucher, the younger, of Brighton, builder, Elizabeth Croucher, of Cuckfield, Sussex, widow, and Charles Webber, of Duke Street, Bishopsgate, wheelwright, and was signed in those names</hi>)—the female prisoner signed "Elizabeth Croucher"—I heard Webber address her as "Mother"—these transfers of 3rd December and 8th January were executed in the same way—I was a witness to them—having witnessed the transfer on 16th April I gave Webber a cheque for the amount minus my commission—I saw the prisoners again on 22nd or 23rd May and again in June when the balance remaining in the books of the Bank was transferred—the same persons attended and executed the transfer—the same process was gone through on each occasion—that disposed of the sum of 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The first introduction of these persons to our firm was to my father when I was not present—I believe somebody introduced them except on that occasion: I was always present more or less—I was not present the first time when Woolfe was introduced as Elizabeth Croucher—they first came to the office in October—I think it was on the occasion of my making the first transfer, I think in October, that my. father told me this woman was Mrs. Croucher, and I was to go and identify her—it is a transaction that does not take very long—I do a great many in the course of a day occasionally, it generally takes about half an hour—Webber always appeared to be the person principally concerned—there was a man accompanying them as well, who gave instructions—Webber and the other man: were the persons that took the active part in it—I don't think the woman ever made any statement to me, she only went over to the bank and signed her name—she appeared to be a very illiterate and uneducated woman—in the transfer of 3rd December the name Croucher is spelt with a small "c"—none of the signatures are well written—I heard the woman addressed as "Mother," not as Mrs. Croucher—Webber generally called her "Mother," it was, "
<hi rend="italic">Now</hi> then mother, sign here."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBBER</hi>.</hi> A man named Robert Holmes was the first one that got me to do this; he always went to Mr. Watson's first and prepared everything. I got acquainted with this man Holmes through a builder that I did work for at Hackney, who used to know him, and he was great friends with him. Through my getting acquainted with a man named Lawrence I got acquainted' with this fellow Mr. Holmes. 'We were in a public house one night doing business and talking about money matters with Lawrence, and he said to me "You have got some money coming to you, have you not?" I said "Possibly I might have some day," he said "Where is it?" and I told him I did not think of anything at that time. He said "Why don't you sell some of it out? I could give you 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. "I said I had no idea of it. He said "You can by getting a man and woman to forge the name; I can guarantee it shall be paid back again; I could give you 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. "He knew. old Mr. Watson, he goes to him and makes it all right for us. Whether he went and got this lady, or whether any one else did I don't know. I think I had an interview with the man first, to ask him whether he would be persuaded to leave some little out or not. It was not done intentionally to rob the Bank. He said "If you think you can do any good with it I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210018"/>
<p>should not mind having a try." I went and told this man what I had done, and he tries and persuades me to sell some of it out, and he or somebody else goes and asks this lady, and gets her to come and pass as Mrs. Croucher; then they go to old Mr. Watson and sell out two lots before I saw this gentleman at all. The money was sold out. I said to him "What have we got to give this lady and the other man?" He made a proposition what they were to have. I really could not say what they had the first time. When it was sold I said "Now what have we to give you, 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. will suit you, won't it?" He said "No, I have done most of it, and I want most of it; I want 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. "He used to do the writing, and I used to carry the cheque book, and if I wanted 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I used to get him to write out the cheque and I signed my name, and if I wanted 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. he would put a I down before it and make. 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of it, and rob me that way. Several times he did this. On one occasion he said to the other man "I don't see what we want with Webber; if we go to a fresh broker and get another man we can sell out the stock and have it ourselves, and let Webber down. "They worried me so I was like a madman, but I did not like to upset him, because I was frightened if I did, that I should get nothing at all. Then, in order to try and satisfy me after he found it was very nearly all gone, he comes to me when the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was sold out, and says "Mr. Webber, I have had bad luck with the money I have had of you, but a friend of mine has money coming to him; I will take you to Doctor's Commons and show you the will. The two trustees are dead and they want to get two more trustees; you seem poor, and you can have your money back if you can only find money to do it." He took me up to Doctor's Commons and showed me the will. I have no question to ask the witness. We had this money certainly, but not with the intention of robbing the Bank. It was done by this man persuading me to do it; it was to be paid back again. I never went to this lady's house at all; the old gentleman went and fetched her out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> The woman did not ask what name she should sign, or anything of the sort.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-107" type="surname" value="SUFFOLK"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS SUFFOLK</persName> </hi>. I am one of the clerks in the Consols Office, Bank of England—I was present on 16th April when Mr. Watson came with three persons to make this transfer—they executed the transfer, England, and saw some stock transferred—I attested the transfer—Webber signed the name of Richard Croucher the younger, and the female signed the name of Elizabeth Croucher.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I recollect these persons coming when the first transfer was made—I believe I directed the woman where to sign her name—it was understood that she was to sign the name of Elizabeth Croucher—I can't recollect whether I heard her told to sign Elizabeth Croucher—I believe she was told to sign there—I should have told her myself, believing her to be Elizabeth Croucher—I believe the words used were "Sign your name," or something to that effect—I cannot trust to my memory to be quite certain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-108" type="surname" value="CROUCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-108" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD CROUCHER</persName> </hi>. I am a master builder, and live at Brighton—I am</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210019"/>
<p>one of the owners of this stock 525
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—there were two other trustees, Elizabeth Croucher and Charles Webber—I did not come up to London in October last and attend at the Bank of England—I did not authorise the sale of any portion of this stock—I did not on 3rd December, 8th January, 16th April, or 17th Jane, come up and attend at the Bank of England or execute any transfer of stock there, or authorise any of it to be transferred—my aunt, Elizabeth Croucher, has a life interest in it, and after her, four of her daughters—Woolfe is not my aunt Elizabeth Croucher.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-109" type="surname" value="CROUCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-109" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH CROUCHER</persName> </hi>. I live at Hayward's Heath—I did not go to the Bank of England in October, December, January, April, or June last, and execute any transfer of stock, or authorise this female or any one else to go For me—in July last I saw Webber in London, and he gave me the dividend for the whole of the stock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-110" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WRIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). On 18th August I received a warrant to apprehend Charles Webber—I arrested him on the 19th—I told him I was an officer and I had a warrant for him—he said "It's all right, we have had the money, if you had waited till this time next week the money would all have been paid"—he produced a letter and said. "I can't understand why they should have issued a warrant against me, as my mother-in-law won't prosecute—I asked him what he meant by "we"—he said they were persons that went with him and they used to live at Bow, but he did not know their names or addresses—I arrested Woolfe—I told her I should charge her with being concerned with Charles Webber in forging and uttering a certain share in stock in the Bank of England, in the names of Richard and Elizabeth Croucher on 22nd May last—she said "I went with them, a friend of mine came for me and I went to the Bank of England; I met them at the Royal Exchange; we went to the Bank of England, I-signed the name of Elizabeth Croucher five or six times; I did not know that I was doing any wrong"—she gave the name of Jackson—I addressed her as Jackson—she subsequently called herself Woolfe—I believe she is living with a man at Hackney—I don't think. they are married—he is a man occasionally employed as a broker.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<hi rend="smallCaps">WEBBER'S DEFENCE</hi>.</hi> All I have to say is that the old gentleman I was speaking of just now was the cause of this lady coming up. I believe she did not know what she was going to do when she came there. This old gentleman and another man used to fetch her up to sign. I think this man ought not to be let run about, or he will let in somebody else; I am innocent enough of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-394-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-394-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-394-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">After the verdict</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">PHOEBS LAKE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">of 7, Mary Street, Old Ford, stated that Webber had asked her to go and sign her name, as he had some money to receive, and that not being able to unite, she at Webber's request applied to Woolfe for that purpose, Webber stating there would be no harm and no trouble.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBBER</hi>
<rs id="t18740921-394-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-394-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-394-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-394-18740921 t18740921-394-punishment-26"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WOOLFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-394-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-394-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-394-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-394-18740921 t18740921-394-punishment-27"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-395">
<interp inst="t18740921-395" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-395" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-395-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-395-18740921 t18740921-395-offence-1 t18740921-395-verdict-1"/>
<p>395.
<persName id="def1-395-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-395-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18740921" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18740921" type="surname" value="PUGIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-395-18740921" type="given" value="EDWARD WELBY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WELBY PUGIN</hi> (40)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18740921-395-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-395-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-395-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>for unlawfully publishing false, scandalous, and malicious libels of and concerning
<persName id="t18740921-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-112" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-112" type="given" value="JOHN ROGERS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-395-offence-1 t18740921-name-112"/>John Rogers Herbert</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>, Q. C.,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DIGBY SEYMOUR</hi>, Q.C.
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210020"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-113" type="surname" value="CAPEL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-113" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>MONSEIGNEUR THOMAS JOHN CAPEL</persName> </hi>. I reside at Cedar Villa, Wright's Lane, Kensington, I know both Mr. Pugin and Mr. Herbert—on 27th July last I received a copy of the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi> and the supplement produced—I received it by post.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi> Mr. D. Seymour. I was not present at the previous trial. (
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 199)—I was summoned, but I came too late.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I had not received this paper at the time of the former trial.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the</hi> Court. I did not read these letters—I had not time to read them—I simply did not read them at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-114" type="surname" value="RICHMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-114" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RICHMOND</persName> </hi>. I live at 20, York Street, Portman Square—I am a Member of the Royal Academy—I have known Mr. Herbert from boy hood—I received a copy of the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi> and the supplement produced—I read portions of it; I saw that the matter related to Mr. Pugin and my friend, Mr. Herbert—I gave the copy I received into Court at Bow Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-115" type="surname" value="DANES"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-115" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DANES</persName> </hi>. I am a printer in Crane Court, Fleet Street—I did not print the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi> of 24th July, I printed the supplement of 25th—the manuscript was brought to me in detached "parcels by three or four persons; the first portion of it was brought by Mr. Purcell, and two other portions I think were brought by servants of Mr. Pugin—I refused to accept the first portion from Mr. Purcell; I refused to print it—some of the other portions I had from Mr. Pugin himself and one or two of his servants—I can't say what part I received from Mr. Pugin; he only gave me directions as to the time it was wanted—he said that he wanted it by the next day—he told me to print 4,000 copies—I printed those 4,000—I think it was on 23rd or 24th that he came to me, I am not quite certain—I complied with his directions and he paid me; it was about 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., I forget now exactly the sum—the copies were fetched away when they were ready, by servants of Mr. Pugin—he paid me 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. down before it was touched, and the balance after it was fetched—it is not usual for me to print a supplement of the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi>—this was not the only one I have printed—I have printed supplements on previous occasions when I have printed the
<hi rend="italic">Gazette</hi> itself—it was an unusual thing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi> Mr. D. Seymour. I don't know that the Gazette circulates especially among the Catholic section of the community—I don't know where it circulates—being a Catholic publication, I suppose it circulates among the Roman Catholics, but I don't know—I was not aware that this supplement purported to be a report of the action of Herbert and Pugin—I did not know that the
<hi rend="italic">Gazette</hi> had previously published a portion of the action that had been tried; I know it now—I had not printed it—I don't know whether it was printed in the office—I never see or read the publication—I don't think Mr. Pugin referred to the previous trial at the time he spoke to me—we had some conversation—I do not think he said that only portions of the letters which had been read at the previous trial had appeared in the public papers which rendered them absurd, and he was going to publish them in full—there was no original matter; it was nothing but letters.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-116" type="surname" value="THRUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN THRUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I am hall-boy at the Stafford Club, Savile Row—in July last, some supplements of the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi> were brought to the Club, about fifty as near as I can guess; they were laid on the slab in the front hall—that was a place where the members could take them if they</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210021"/>
<p>wanted them—I put my name on two of them; these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are the two—I gave them to Mr. Herbert.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">REV. DR. CROOKHALL</hi>. I am attached to the Cathedral at Southwark—I received a copy of this supplement by post—I read portions of the letters—they evidently apply to Mr. Herbert.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was not at the previous trial.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-117" type="surname" value="CALDER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CALDER</persName> </hi>. I am an architect—my offices are in Victoria House, Victoria Street—Mr. Pugin has offices in the same building—Mr. Pugin gave me a document the afternoon before the last trial; I think it was 13th July—I think his words were, "Have the goodness to take this to Mr. Herbert's house at The Chimes at Kilburn"—he did not say what it was—I think I knew what it was; there were certain questions—I never read it, but I knew what it was—I don't know whether it was headed, "The Eve of the Fight;" I scarcely looked at it—I gave it to Mr. Herbert's son at his house the same afternoon—I took it to The Chimes at Kilburn—I saw the housemaid, and asked for Mr. Herbert; he was not within—I asked, for Mrs. Herbert; she was within, and I was requested to walk in—it was on paper like this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was at the trial next day—this paper was not referred to in the course of the trial, to my knowledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-118" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-118" type="given" value="CYRIL"/>CYRIL HERBERT</persName> </hi>. I am the son of Mr. John Rogers Herbert, and live at The Chimes at Kilburn—I received this paper from Mr. Calder, and gave it to my father; it is headed "The Eve of the Fight."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-119" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-119" type="given" value="JOHN ROGERS"/>JOHN ROGERS HERBERT</persName> </hi>. I am an artist, and a Member of the Royal Academy—I frequently exhibit pictures at the Academy—the house in which I live was built for me some years ago, and the defendant was the architect—he afterwards made a claim," which I disputed, and he brought an action, which is still pending—after the action was brought, and before, I received letters from him from time to time—among others I received this letter of 21st June, signed by the defendant; the signature is his hand writing—it came to me by post—I also received this letter, dated 3rd August, signed by him—my son gave me this letter, headed "The Eve of the Fight"—I also received this letter, dated 13th August; that is signed by the defendant—I also received a number of telegrams—my cook and housemaid gave me these two papers, which are addressed to them; they are copies of the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi>—the addresses are in the same handwriting as the letters, and as the manuscript of "The Eve of the Fight"—I know the defendant's handwriting; they are not written by him, but by his clerk, as all the other letters are.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi> Mr. Seymour. I had been very intimate with Mr; Pugin's father, and from the defendant's infancy up to the time I employed him in reference to my house we were on friendly terms—nothing occurred to disturb those relations until he was dismissed as architect—there was a threat to bring an action, but it was never brought—a writ was issued—it went on somewhere and then stopped—it is not true that my attorney took out fifteen different summonses and orders which led to the stoppage of the action—I instructed my attorney to make an affidavit and to apply for security for costs—the affidavit is there—I believe I instructed him to put two picas of fraud on the record, one charging Mr. Pugin with collusion with Hodgson, the builder, and the other a general plea of fraud—I could not offer the incense of praise to a man who had done that, but I do not remember that I expressed myself in strong terms; I have been an enor
<lb/>mous</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210022"/>
<p>sufferer, and a great loser in health and pocket, and in my delay of Government works, all occasioned by this man—I have said that Mr. Pugin has treated me badly, and I believe he has—I am not aware that I have in many places expressed myself strongly with regard to what Mr. Pugin has done—I don't remember particularly that I have spoken of him to his dispraise and discredit—I have said that his claim was a most unjust one which would be settled if he liked to bring the action—I don't remember particularly that I have expressed myself to that effect to more than one person and in more than one place—he has written and sent me telegrams of insult and letters also, before the late trial—he made attacks on me before I pleaded to the action—I had received letters of insult before, and he had attacked me in various directions among my friends, calling me a liar, and expressions of that kind—these letters in the supplement were written since his return from America—I was present at the previous trial—I believe this letter headed "The Eve of the Fight," came into ray hands on the day previous to that trial—the trial, I think, was on the 14th July—I am unable to say whether that letter was here then—I believe it was not among those letters which formed part of that enquiry—I am not sure where it was at that moment, but I believe it was not among those letters which were put in as containing the libels—I have gone through the letters in the supplemen t—I have been so inundated with letters from this man that it is extremely difficult for me to recognise a particular letter—I am not perfectly certain whether or not the letter of 10th April, 1874, was produced at the former trial—I don't know—I should be sorry to say one way or the other my memory might deceive me—I can't say that after I had put the pleas of fraud on the record I noticed that his manner was altered, because I had received insults before any letters were written: I don't mean insults with regard to the dispute about the house, but things said of me to my friends—I had heard of stinging things said of me before there was a thought of an action arising out of the architect's claim in connection with the house at Kilburn—I only made one affidavit—that was with reference to his going to America, and I conclude it was that he' referred to when he called me perjurer. (
<hi rend="italic">The affidavit was here put in and read; it</hi> was
<hi rend="italic">dated 6th October</hi>, 1873,
<hi rend="italic">and stated that he had been informed that Mr. Pugin intended to go to America for two years; that he was without means, and had to be supported by his friends while he was absent in America.</hi>) I have stated that the imputations of perjury refer to my affidavit—it is impossible to know to what he does point in these letters—I suppose he is partly referring to the affidavit and partly to the extraordinary statements which he has made, for I declare upon my oath that there is scarcely a sentence in the whole of these letters which is true—I had not made any affidavit but this one, which he could impeach, therefore it is natural to refer his charge of perjury to this affidavit: now I understand you—I knew that I had not made a false oath, but I partly understood him, in his dreamy way of putting it, to allude to that—I understood the various imputations contained in that letter to refer to a desire on my part to avoid payment in relation to the claim made by him, and to nothing else—I don't know that ho ever charged me with wronging anybody else—I beg your pardon, there are letters in which he does accuse me of not paying other persons—there is a letter there with regard to a Mrs. Thornton, in which he says that I had refused to pay a sum of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., or some such sum, to a lady—I can't say that I found any difference in him after I made</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210023"/>
<p>this affidavit; he has always been excited—I don't know that these pleas of fraud were the common talk in the profession to which we belong—I did not find it so—Mr. Pugin's claims upon me, from the beginning to the end, I have heard, but not this affair of the affidavit—if Mr. Pugin will bring his action the question of fraud will be made quite clear—I did not try to sell my house, nor did I ever give him permission to do so—I did not put it on an agent's books—I was not willing to take an adequate offer for it—I did not want to sell my house to him: what right had he to buy my house?—at Bow Street he desired to refer all disputes between us—there was something said about it before then—I did not break it off—it is so long since that I do not remember these things well—there was a proposition, and it is one which Mr. Pugin has always been making everywhere, throwing the house into measuring value; these propositions have only been made to put off the trial—I do not remember instructing my solicitor to agree to the proposition—I did not afterwards refuse to refer—it fell through in this way, Mr. Pugin became bankrupt and there were difficulties in the way of anything, and what was done I am unable to say—I don't know that Mr. Pugin was a sufferer in pocket by these disputes as well as me—I have of course suffered in pocket with regard to the house which he built—if his claim is well founded he has not got his due, but it is not Well founded—I say that owing to his misconduct I have paid more than I ought to have done—by his neglect he was dismissed—I should not think that the put-ing the two pleas of fraud on the record had injured him in his profession, I believe not: but with regard to the house I want to say that I do not owe that man a farthing; the house is paid for, and the receipts are there—it is not my fault that he is indicted before the case is
<hi rend="italic">tried</hi>—I believe the Magistrate suggested to Mr. Pugin that he ought not to write to me any more, and he pledged his honour that he would not—there was-somethin to that effect said, I believe—I have received no letter from him since he gave me that pledge, but letters about me have been written to my friends.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> In Court the other day, in answer to an appeal from the Magistrate, he pledged his honour that he would write to you no more, and you have told us that he kept his word; now suppose that here, before a higher tribunal, he repeats on his honour that he will trouble you no more, and write no more, would you be satisfied?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I bear him no kind of vindictive feeling, but I must remember that this has gone on now for some years, and I cannot answer that question; I would leave that question to do answered by the Court—I was at Ramsgate the other day—I lived at 16, West Cliff, close to the church, and very near to his house—I went there for fresh air—I knew some persons there, and I went with my wife—I was not well, nor was she—it was not my own house, it was a house where I had lived before—I might not have gone to the East Cliff, because I did not know I should go till the hour of my starting, and knowing these persona I had those rooms: it was very near his house—I did not pass his house frequently, I passed it, I think, twice—I went for a
<hi rend="italic">little</hi> walk, and returned by it; I could not return otherwise—I did not meet him at all—I met him at one of the stations—he got out and walked past me, I saw him, but I did not recognise him more than seeing him—I did not stop at all, or look hard at him, I regarded him for a moment—I did not look at his window as I passed, I saw two large bloodhounds, and one or two persons standing at the door—I did not point my thumb at him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> What I meant by the plea of fraud was that he gave certificates for bad timber and bad work, and for zinc instead of lead, and so on, there were other things—that was not circulated in any way, except by instructing my pleader to plead it—he has given me no notice of trial for the action for the extra money, or tried to go on with it—the plea of fraud is hanging over his head, because he does not choose to bring the action on—my house was put on the agent's books by the defendant, he wrote a letter to them, he advertised my house for sale without any permission from me, and also sent crowds of people to value it, every day constantly he sent people to get into my house at various times, even at night and in the day, sometimes ten people of a very bad type indeed, saying that they wanted to measure and examine the honse to see what was wanted to be done to Mr. Pugin's house before he offered it for auction—that has been followed up every day, sometimes ten in a day, large fighting men—in the letter of 13th August he accuses me of being a perjurer in police courts—I had forgotten that, it is not easy to remember these terrible things.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi> Mr. Seymour. I did not say of the defendant at the Stafford Clab and elsewhere that I had evidence against him that would send him to the hulks—I know Mr. Wallis—I did not state that to him—I gave the opinion of my lawyer, who said that the affair of the bond would be, in his opinion, sufficient to send them to prison, or something like that—it was there believed that he was in partnership with a builder and that he gave to the builder a bond for 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. over the cost of my house—before the contract was signed he told me that the builder would build it for 2,403
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., but that he bad given him a bond for 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. over that, so I said to him "I have done with the transaction, I will have nothing whatever to do with that, and it dropped—I conceived that I should have to pay that sum when the bond was presented—some days afterwards he came to me and said "I have seen the builder and have abandoned the bond, and he will build it for the sum named"—that being the case I thought the matter was fair and clear, and I said I would sign the contract, and the builder signed it, and the sum to be paid was 2,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I believed that the bond was destroyed—towards the close of the year, when the house had got a good way up, the builder came to me and said "I must ask you to give me 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for a bond I hold against you"—I said "From whom?"—he said "From Mr. Pugin"—he told me that Mr. Pugin was my agent—I immediately wrote down to Mr. Pugin and said "I am astounded at what has happened, the builder has been to me with a bond for 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which he tells me you have given on my part"—Mr. Pugin wrote to me by the same date, and I believe before he had my letter, "Hodgson has applied to me for 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and I have had no choice but. to pay 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. upon it"—Mr. Hodgson writes to me declaring that he had not paid him a farthing of that 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I have Mr. Pugin's letter stating that he had given this bond—the three letters are in Court—I had no idea what the bond was for, I did not ask what it was for—it was a year and a half ago that I said to Mr. Wallis I had evidence which Mr. Field was of opinion was sufficient to send Mr. Pugin to prison—I am not aware that I repeated that to other gentlemen—I know Mr. De Beauville—I did not tell him at another time and in another place, that I had evidence that could send Mr. Pugin to prison—I don't remember that I said anything of the kind—I say no, I did not—I did not use language to him to the effect that I had evidence that could bring him within the criminal law; I undertake to say that I did not—it is a year and a half ago that I had the conversa
<lb/>tion</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210025"/>
<p>with Mr. Wallis, and he immediately brought a writ against me and laid the damages at 5,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and he has never declared.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>. The builder took a contract from me for a certain amount—I don't know that the defendant undertook to pay the builder an amount if it should be worth more—Mr. Field thought it was fraudulent, because he said they were in partnership—he said "Mr. Pugin who ought to be your bulwark is giving certificates for unsound timber and bad work," and that is a fact, for the house has settlements all round it—the contract was signed before the building was begun—the story of the bond was told me some days before I signed the contract, but he told me he had destroyed the bond and so I signed it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-120" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am the attorney in this matter, and was so on the last occasion—the only letter published in the
<hi rend="italic">Westminster Gazette</hi> that was produced on the last occasion, or referred to, was I believe the one of 17th May commencing "The town rings with your trickiness"—I think instead of the word "trickiness" there was another word in the original letter—the indictment was preferred at the June Session, and the case was then postponed to July—it could not have contained "The Eve of the Fight;' it was not produced, nor any of the other letters referred to in this indictment.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SEYMOUR</hi>. The letter headed "The Eve of the Fight" was handed to me by Mr. Herbert after the trial was over—I had no list of the letters that were in Court at that time—the indictment con-taiued only 3 letters—I should say that Mr. Herbert has handed me probably 200 letters—I have got no list of the correspondence that was then in my possession—I have simply got in Court a number of letters that have been written since the last indictment—The Eve of the Fight" was not shown to Mr. Poland in Court—it was never produced in Court or referred to in any shape or way—it was not among the. bundle of letters that are here now—Mr. Herbert handed it to me after the trial was over, and said "Here is a letter that I received last night, how is this to stop, what am I do?" and I have received letters continuously down to last night—Mr. Pugin has further brought an action against me—he writes to me and lays his damages at 25,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Supplement of the Westminster Gazette was put in and taken as read; it contained a number of letters, the first dated-December</hi> 29, 1873,
<hi rend="italic">addressed to Mr. Herbert, commenced:</hi>—"Sir,—In spite of your perjured affidavit that I had fled to America from my creditors, you will probably have learnt through your solicitor that I have returned with the fixed purpose of bringing you to justice and of making you pay me substantial damages for the slanders you have thought fit to circulate," etc., etc.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Upon</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposing to put in the letter of</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st June</hi>, 1874, Mr. Seymour
<hi rend="italic">objected to its reception on the ground that there was no publication, it being a private letter addressed to the prosecutor. Re referred to the case of</hi> "Reg. v. Burdett," 4 Barnewall and Alderson,
<hi rend="italic">page</hi> 45,
<hi rend="italic">as the only case hearing upon the point, in which</hi> Mr. Justice Bayley
<hi rend="italic">expressed doubts as to the propriety of admitting such letters.</hi> Mr. Baron Bramwell
<hi rend="italic">in overruling the objection, stated that for the purposes of the Criminal Law, a libel might be published by sending it to the person libelled, on account of its tendency to cause a breach of the peace.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following letters were then, put in and read:</hi>—Victoria House, Victoria Street, Westminster, June 21, 1874. Sir,—I have done my best to impress</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210026"/>
<p>upon you that you were born, have lived, and will probably die, a humbug; and it is now ray duty for the public benefit that this conviction should no longer be confided to yourself, but should be laid before the world at large. Have I. to go further than this year's Exhibition at the Royal Academy? Go look on those walls. Go, behold the daubs of yourself and your son, placed on the line, to the exclusion of talent and honest efforts. Reflect on the number of men your injustice must have driven to despair. Why, I am told that even your fellow hangers shuddered with disgust at your imperturbable impudence. Will you deny this? You may do so, for you will do anything. But, on the other hand, I will tell you that it is the last time that you will have the opportunity of so thoroughly disgracing yourself, or of insulting the nation. It may seem hard to say it to a father that a picture which bears his son's name, and that is on the line, is not only the worst picture in the Exhibition, but is the worst picture ever publicly exhibited. I observe on the frame the mystic star denoting that it has been disposed of. Excuse, I beg you, my doubting that it has found a purchaser, and forgive me for adding that, if such is the fact, the question which all beholders will ask themselves will be whether the picture or the purchaser has been the most sold.—E. Welby Pugin. Mr. J. Rogers Herbert. I. P. S.—I will add this letter to the collection which will shortly appear. 2 P.S.—The whole of my nieces will be in Court to confront their detractor, and to tell you that you are a liar and a perjurer to your face. Wretched man! how will you explain this matter to the satisfaction of the Judge, the Jury, and the public?"July 13, '74,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE EVE OF THE FIGHT</hi>.</p>
<p>'Stand to it! renew the fight (For Pugin's wrong if Herbert's right). These slaves! they dare not hand to hand Bide buffet from a trueman's brand, Impetuous, active, fierce, and young, Upon the advancing foe he sprung. Woe to the wretch at whom is bent His brandish'd falchion's sheer descent; Backward they scattered as he came, Like wolves before the levin flame.'—
<hi rend="italic">Scott.</hi> </p>
<p>Sir,—At this moment ask yourself, did I not try to cajole Pugin out of a house worth 4,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for 2,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.? I Did I not, in conjunction with others, act as though he dare not strike a blow in his own defence? Did I not, under the impression that he was penniless, exclaim, now I have drawn my sword it shall not be sheathed until it be covered with either glory or gore I Did I not resort to every dirty and filthy trick to avoid paying my just liabilities? Have I not loved my 'louis' more than my honour I Am I not a cur of the worst breed, to have shirked opening my own letters, and to have requested my wife to keep them from my sight? Am I not a coward of the most contemptible nature to have made such a request, and then to have gone howling about the country. I did not mind so long as his letters were addressed to myself, that I could endure; but to have placed them in the hands of one's wife, exceeds the bounds of endurance I Am not a dog too contemptible to be worth kicking, for having apologised to Edward Barry for having written what I believed to be true I Have I not justly incurred the wretchedness I am suffering? Shall I not be a man utterly ruined both in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210027"/>
<p>reputation and purse? Will not the evidence that will be advanced at the trial, make me wish I had never been born I Can I deny that I am a perjurer I Can I deny that I am a slanderer? Can I deny that such conduct as I have been guilty of makes me even in my own estimation more stinking than the dunghills, more foul than the cesspools to which Pugin has referred? &c."—"August 3. Sir,—Not only are you a coward; not only have you proved yourself to be all that I have depicted you; but your solicitors, I am told, hold the same opinion of you and were ashamed to appear in Court in support of your proceedings. I hear you are consoling yourself with the idea that you will have four Bishops as fellow-sufferers. Believe me, Sir, that is utterly impossible; for not even among the worst criminals would it be possible to find another man who had sunk to your depth of degradation. No doubt you have done your utmost by your slanders, your plea of fraud, and your libels, to induce others to join you in your nefarious schemes; and bad as some may be, none can be found to sacrifice, as you have done, every sense of honour at the shrine of sordid aims. Yes, Sir, you are a singular example among the most contemptible.—E. Welby Pugin. To J. R. Herbert."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A letter of 13th August</hi>, 1874,
<hi rend="italic">commenced</hi> "
<hi rend="italic">Vengeance only to Heaven belongs, but when I think of all my wrongs, my blood is liquid flame," &c, &c.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-395-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-395-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-395-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-395-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-395-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-395-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-395-18740921 t18740921-395-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into his own recognizances in</hi> 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and two sureties of</hi> 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">each, to appear and receive judgment when-called upon.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">For the cases of</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWIN BRISCOE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WHITE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">tried before</hi> Mb. Baron Amphlett
<hi rend="italic">this day, see Surrey Cases.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1871</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-396">
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<p>396.
<persName id="def1-396-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-396-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-396-18740921" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-396-18740921" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-396-18740921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BRYANT</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-396-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-396-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-396-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a bill of exchange for 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud,</rs>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-396-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-396-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-396-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-397">
<interp inst="t18740921-397" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-397" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-397-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-397-18740921 t18740921-397-offence-1 t18740921-397-verdict-1"/>
<p>397.
<persName id="def1-397-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-397-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-397-18740921" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-397-18740921" type="surname" value="SYMINGTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-397-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES SYMINGTON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-397-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-397-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-397-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-397-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-397-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-397-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously concealing from his creditors part of his property to the value of 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., pending bankruptcy proceedings, with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character and was recommended to mercy—
<rs id="t18740921-397-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-397-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-397-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-397-18740921 t18740921-397-punishment-29"/>Two Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-398">
<interp inst="t18740921-398" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-398" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-398-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-398-18740921 t18740921-398-offence-1 t18740921-398-verdict-1"/>
<p>398.
<persName id="def1-398-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-398-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-398-18740921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-398-18740921" type="surname" value="MASKELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-398-18740921" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED MASKELL</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-398-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-398-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-398-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a watch from the person of
<persName id="t18740921-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-124" type="surname" value="DOWLING"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-124" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-398-offence-1 t18740921-name-124"/>Michael Dowling</persName>, having been previously convicted—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-398-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-398-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-398-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-398-18740921 t18740921-398-punishment-30"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-398-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-398-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-398-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-399">
<interp inst="t18740921-399" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-399" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-399-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-399-18740921 t18740921-399-offence-1 t18740921-399-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-399-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-399-18740921 t18740921-399-offence-2 t18740921-399-verdict-1"/>
<p>399.
<persName id="def1-399-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-399-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18740921" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18740921" type="surname" value="THAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-399-18740921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE THAIN</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-399-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-399-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-399-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging a request for the payment of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t18740921-399-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-399-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-399-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to obtaining the sums of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by false pretences from
<persName id="t18740921-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-126" type="surname" value="AARONSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-126" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-399-offence-2 t18740921-name-126"/>Andrew Aaronson</persName> and
<persName id="t18740921-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-127" type="surname" value="GODFREY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-127" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-399-offence-2 t18740921-name-127"/>Frederick William Godfrey</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy—
<rs id="t18740921-399-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-399-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-399-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-399-18740921 t18740921-399-punishment-31"/>Two Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-399-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-399-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-399-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-400">
<interp inst="t18740921-400" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-400" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-400-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-400-18740921 t18740921-400-offence-1 t18740921-400-verdict-1"/>
<p>400.
<persName id="def1-400-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-400-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18740921" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18740921" type="surname" value="SCHMIDT"/>
<interp inst="def1-400-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAM SCHMIDT</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-400-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-400-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-400-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>, to unlawfully, he being bankrupt, neglecting to discover to
<persName id="t18740921-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-129" type="surname" value="BARROW"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-129" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-400-offence-1 t18740921-name-129"/>Samuel Barrow</persName>, the trustee administering his estate, all his personal property, with intent to defraud</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-400-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-400-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-400-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-400-18740921 t18740921-400-punishment-32"/>Six Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18740921-400-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-400-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-400-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-401">
<interp inst="t18740921-401" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-401" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-401-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-401-18740921 t18740921-401-offence-1 t18740921-401-verdict-1"/>
<p>401.
<persName id="def1-401-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-401-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18740921" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18740921" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-401-18740921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HARRISON</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-401-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-401-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-401-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a watch from
<persName id="t18740921-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-131" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-401-offence-1 t18740921-name-131"/>George Scott</persName>, having been previously convicted—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-401-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-401-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-401-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-401-18740921 t18740921-401-punishment-33"/>Two Years' Impri
<lb/>sonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-401-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-401-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-401-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-402">
<interp inst="t18740921-402" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-402" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-402-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-402-18740921 t18740921-402-offence-1 t18740921-402-verdict-1"/>
<p>402.
<persName id="def1-402-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-402-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18740921" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18740921" type="surname" value="GOODSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-402-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GOODSON</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-402-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-402-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-402-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Unlawfully attempting to steal, from the person of
<persName id="t18740921-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-133" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-133" type="surname" value="PUDDICOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-133" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-402-offence-1 t18740921-name-133"/>Elizabeth Puddicomb</persName>.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210028"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi> the
<hi rend="italic">Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-134" type="surname" value="PUDDICOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-134" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH PUDDICOMB</persName> </hi>. I am single and live at 2, London Place, Bermondsey—at about 4.15 on the afternoon of 31st August I was in Holborn, standing just outside a crowd, when I felt the prisoner taking my watch out of my belt—I took it from him—it was fastened to a jet chain—a policeman came up and I gave him in custody—he had got some way off before he was taken—I have no doubt that he is the same person—he was close to my side and I saw his face—I looked at him and he looked at me—I live with my parents—I was then going to see my sister.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were a great many people, all pretty close to each other, looking at a grindstone being lifted into a cart—there was no one with me—I did not see another young man in front of the prisoner also walking away—this is the chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is not broken—it was tucked underneath my waistband and out again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-135" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a foundryman—I was in Holborn on the afternoon in question—there was a crowd, and I saw the prisoner near the prosecu
<lb/>trix, so close that I suspected him and watched him for about half a minute, and with his right hand he drew her watch out of her belt—I saw the watch actually leave the belt—I identify the prisoner as the man who took it—I had time to observe his face—the prosecutrix took the watch from him and he walked leisurely away, after which I spoke to her and he was given into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had never seen the prisoner before—there might have been another man there with a felt hat on—I was not in work at the time, but was looking for employment—I know that the prisoner has got about fourteen witnesses here as to his character.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-136" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-136" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). About 4.15 on the afternoon of 31st August I wag in Holborn—Simpson pointed out the prisoner to me, who, when he saw me coming, started to run, and turned up his coat collar—I stopped him and took him into custody—I did not see any one else running in front of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Somebody was running behind me—the prisoner gave me his correct address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GOODSON</hi>. The prisoner is my eldest son—he is 22 years of age—I live at '14, I field Road, West Brompton, and am a plumber and house decorator—the prisoner has always been under my roof unless he has been on a country job, and I have always found him honest—on the 31st August I told him to call upon me at 1 o'clock, to see me where I was at work in Water Lane, City—when he came to me it was 1 o'clock, and I sent him to see a Mr. Fisher, the foreman of the plumbers' work—he would have to go to Vauxhall Bridge and then to Bedford Square—he then called at the Holborn Restaurant and saw one of the workmen there he went to enquire about—I have made enquiries since and find he went there about what the men call "beer-time," that is about 3 or 3.30—he was under my roof and in my employ at the time—he had his own pocket picked of a watch in November last, and I believe he gave notice to the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-137" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-137" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY ISAACS</persName> </hi>. I live at 28, High Holborn, and am a fruiterer—on the afternoon of 31st August I was standing outside my shop door, and saw two men running towards me—the prisoner was the second—the first man was dressed very like the prisoner—I was at Guild</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210029"/>
<p>ball Police Court at the Alderman's desire, and picked the prisoner out of a dozen others as the man who was running second—the policeman took hold of him next door to my house—the first man was about 10 yards ahead—he was running very fast—the prisoner was between the policeman and the man running first.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received an excellent character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-402-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-402-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-402-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-403">
<interp inst="t18740921-403" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-403" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-403-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-403-18740921 t18740921-403-offence-1 t18740921-403-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-403-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-403-18740921 t18740921-403-offence-1 t18740921-403-verdict-1"/>
<p>403.
<persName id="def1-403-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-403-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18740921" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18740921" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-403-18740921" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT BUTCHER</hi> (18)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-403-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-403-18740921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-403-18740921" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-403-18740921" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def2-403-18740921" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH CLARKE</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-403-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-403-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-403-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18740921-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-140" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-140" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-140" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-403-offence-1 t18740921-name-140"/>Emma Cann</persName> and stealing from her person
<hi rend="italic">is.</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and one handkerchief, her property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Butcher.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-141" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-141" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA CANN</persName> </hi>. I am single and lire at 18, Goldington Street—about 12 o'clock on the night of 27th August I was in the George public-house near the Euston station—I saw the female prisoner in the next compartment—I had known her before—she came round to me and we had a quartern of gin, for which I paid—I had about 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in my pocket—she saw me take the money out of my cloak pocket to pay for it and put it back again—I then came out as they were closing—I proceeded a little way down Seymour Street, and left her when I saw her talking to the male prisoner at the corner of Seymour Street—I did not know him—I crossed over by St. Pancras Church further down on the other side of the way, a little below the church and the male prisoner came across the road—I stood still for a minute or two and He gave me a blow on the chest—I was in the act of getting up again and was on the kerb, when he made another hit at me, and forced his hand into my pocket—this mud on my cloak was caused by my falling—my right pocket was hanging out as I ran to the constable to give him in charge—he also made a kick at me—as I was getting up, the female prisoner was at his side and said "Have you got it?"—I picked up my bonnet, and by that time they had got away across the road and down Seymour Street—I looked for my money and my pocket handkerchief—I did not lose sight of them—Butcher said he would knock my brains out if I followed him—I followed them to Ossulston Street and gave them into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I went out about 11 o'clock that night with a person who was going to meet her husband, and she met him and I left her—I am not an unfortunate woman—I have been under the protection of some one for the last five years until lately—my occupation lately has been making bonnets—I never go out in the way you mean—I do not keep appointments with particular gentlemen—I do not' go to public-houses for materials for making bonnets—after the person I went out with had met her husband I went into a public-house and had a glass of ale, and then Clarke came round to me from the other compartment—it is not true that I went up and down the Euston Road as a common prostitute—I had nothing to drink with my friend—Clarke did not appear to have been drinking other people were in the compartment—I was in the small compartment on the private side—my money was in shillings and pence—my father is in the hospital" and my mother in the infirmary, she is allowed 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a-week, and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of this was her money—it was not in a purse, but mixed with half-pence—I never lost sight of Butcher—I was pretty well exhausted by being knocked about—I could swear he is the man that did it—I have known Clarke a considerable time, but have lost sight of her for about fifteen years until lately—I kept at a distance, just keeping Butcher in sight—I was afraid to go</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210030"/>
<p>too near—he ran back and threatened me, but I will not say that I said so in my depositions at the Police Court—I was sworn to tell the whole truth before the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-142" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-142" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 159). I was on duty on" 27th August in Seymour Street, Somers Town—I saw the prosecutrix there and the two prisoners—I came up the corner of Chapel Street, and heard the prose
<lb/>cutrix say "As soon as I see a police-constable I will give you in custody"—I went and asked what was the matter—she said "I give these two in your custody for knocking me down and robbing me of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I said "How did they knock you down?"—she said "The male prisoner struck me in the chest"—there was mud on the back of her waterproof—I told them they would have to come to the station along with me—the prosecutrix was sober, but very much excited.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I searched them, and found 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on Batcher, and I was found on Clarke by the female searcher after we got to the station—a third party, a woman, was between 500 and 600 yards away, and the money might have been passed—I saw nothing of the handkerchief.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clarke's Defence.</hi> On 26th August I met the prosecutrix. We have walked the streets together and shared our money together. She sent word to me that she was sorry to place me in this position, and knew I knew nothing about it. I gave her 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to take her mother brandy and grapes in the Hospital, and I have been living with her some time and she is a prostitute. I cannot say why she gave me into custody. We had been drinking from 9.30 till 12 at the George public-house; I spent 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with her there. She was drinking with a man who keeps a coffee-house, a brothel keeper. I had 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and spent it with her, and she denied having a halfpenny in her pocket. She treats me and I treat her; in fact, we never leave one another. I stopped a fortnight with her, three weeks before she gave me into custody. She has been convicted several times; six months for stealing,' and two years for robbing a woman of her shawl, and some time previous to my being taken into custody she was to be apprehended for beating another woman, and even her mother has been convicted of felony. It is nothing but malice her doing this. Is it likely I should call a youth and ask him to pick her pocket. She was intoxicated, and he pushed her and she fell down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-143" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-143" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA CANN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi>) I think I knew Clarke about fifteen years ago, but I have not seen her for the last nine years, not until I came into the neighbourhood to live—it is not true that I stopped a fortnight with her three weeks previous to my giving her in custody—I was not drinking with a man at the public-house—I believe I was spoken to that night—I had a charge made against me about two years ago—I got into bad company, a woman who had been convicted—I was with her when she committed a robbery—I was committed for six months, and I have had two years' and also six months' imprisonment—the two years was for a woman's shawl and something, I forget what it was—I am 33 years of age—that was heard at Clerkenwell Clarke saw me put the money in my pocket, and I had it when Butcher knocked me down, and she said to him "Have you got it?"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clarice.</hi> She charged him with taking her money, and I said "Have you got her money?"
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> She said "Have you got it?"—that was after—I had not accused them until I got the constable—she said "Have you got it?" when I was getting up after the second knock down.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210031"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clarke.</hi> She never spoke about giving me into custody. The lad went to the policeman himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-144" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-144" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WHITE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> Butcher crossed over the way towards me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-145" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-145" type="surname" value="CANN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-145" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA. CANN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). Clarke has never given me any money—we have not lived together—we have not walked the streets together—I have met her and drunk with her and treated her—it is false that I offered to refrain from prosecuting if I got 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Butcher's sister threatened me and said she would have my b——life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-146" type="surname" value="STEADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-146" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH STEADMAN</persName> </hi>. I am Butcher's sister—I am married and have two children—my brother has always been steady and respectably conducted ever since my mother died, about nine or ten years ago—I never knew him to be charged or convicted—he has been in constant employment—his master is a Mr. Parry, a foreman builder—I never threatened the prosecutrix—I had never seen her before—she had a very stout old fellow with her and she was in liquor—she came up to my place on Friday and asked for Mrs. Steadman, and she had a very stout old person with her. She paid for some gin, and she said "Mrs. Steadman, if you make me up 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I will go into the country. I expect my old captain home on Monday."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have another brother—I do not know where he lives.—we do not all live together—his name is Thomas—he is older than this one—he has been living where he works, at his master's house—I do not know how long he has been working there—I have not missed him for seven years—I have missed Jack for some years—when he was at home he used to live with this brother—I believe it is about five years since I saw him—I was in bed and asleep when, my brother was taken to the station that night—I saw the prosecutrix in the Police Court—I did not threaten her—I never saw Clarke before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-403-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-403-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-403-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-404">
<interp inst="t18740921-404" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-404" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-404-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-404-18740921 t18740921-404-offence-1 t18740921-404-verdict-1"/>
<p>404.
<persName id="def1-404-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-404-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18740921" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18740921" type="surname" value="PURVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-404-18740921" type="given" value="RIFHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD PURVEY</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-404-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-404-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-404-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pervertingJustice"/>, Feloniously cutting and wounding
<persName id="t18740921-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-148" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-148" type="given" value="EMMANUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-404-offence-1 t18740921-name-148"/>Emmanuel Davis</persName>, with intent to prevent his lawful apprehension.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. OPPENHEIM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-149" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-149" type="given" value="EMMANUEL"/>EMMANUEL DAVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 234). On 14th September, about 9 o'clock in the evening, I received information from a Mr. Kelley, in consequence of which I went into the Broadway, Westminster, to look for the prisoner—I then got another constable, and we, with Mr. Kelly, stood and watched at the public-house in Tothill Street—we then saw the prisoner two or three other leave the public-house—we then saw the prisoner Street again, I directed the other constable to go up and stop him that way—he immediately turned round and made a run at me, and said "You want me, Davis, do you?" and-before I could say "Yes" I received a blow on the cheek from the prisoner—at the moment I saw he was coming I guarded myself as well as I could—I knocked him down—we both fell together—he was on his back and I was on my hands and knees—I crawled over on him—while I was lying on my right side across his stomach he was striking at me with his right hand, and I was warding the blows—assistance came, the other constable and a man in plain clothes, and we got him up—he kicked the other constable several times, when he drew his truncheon and struck him on the leg—he still went on kicking, and the constable struck him on the head—we then managed to get him to the station—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210032"/>
<p>followed just behind to charge him—I do not say that I bled, but the moment he struck me I was unconscious for a moment—this is the coat I wore at the time—there are marks and cuts on it—the cuts, I presume, were done while I was down—I was seen by the Divisional Surgeon of Police—I have been unwell ever since—the cut was right through this old tunic, but it did not enter the flesh—he never touched me afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">By the Prisoner.</hi> I cannot tell whether you did this cut in my coat—I thought you made this mark on my face with a pipe—the blow on my cheek was given before any attempt was made by the constable to use his truncheon—I was merely walking towards you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-150" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-150" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK COLEMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B</hi> 66). About 9 o'clock on the evening of 14th September I was in the Broadway, Westminster, with Davis—when Davis went towards the prisoner he jumped clean off the kerb, and extended his band and struck him on the side of the cheek—Davis put out his hand to seize him, and they came into collision, and both fell together on the ground—as soon as I ran up and got hold of Purvey I saw blood coming from Davis's cheek—the prisoner struggled so desperately that I was bound to use my truncheon—he kicked me very violently on the legs—they were all bruises—a civilian came to our assistance and a policeman in plain clothes, and we then got him to the station—he said going along, that in years to come, if ever he came out he would do for me—I did not kick him before he struck me, nor did I use my truncheon before he attacked me or Davis—he kicked me very severely before I used my truncheon—he commenced a savage attack upon me and I kicked him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> Because I commenced kicking you then you commenced hitting me on the leg with your truncheon, and nearly broke my ankle.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> As soon as I got assistance I put my truncheon up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-151" type="surname" value="CHESTERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-151" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER CHESTERMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer living at Wallingford, Berks—I was in the Broadway, "Westminster, about 9 o'clock on this night—it was about 9.30 when Davis crossed the road to take the prisoner—they both fell to the ground—I could not see whether he touched Davis or not—I saw him strike out at him—neither I nor Davis said anything to the prisoner till after they rose—Davis said "I don't want to hurt you; I have got a bit. of paper for you"—on the ground he said "You shall not take me, or I will put my b——y knife into you"—I saw the other consta
<lb/>ble cross the road—they were both up when he crossed the road—prisoner kept kicking the other constable—I helped to take him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> You say that I said to Davis that I would stick a knife into him; if such were the case would not Davis say so?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I did not see a knife or anything in your hand; you said "If I get six years for this I will put this b——y knife into you"—Davis told you he did not want to hurt you if you went quiet, and you set to and kicked Coleman directly—I was quite a stranger to all of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-152" type="surname" value="PEARSE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-152" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>DR. GEORGE PEARSE</persName> </hi>. I practice at 2, St. George's Square, Pimlico, and am Divisional Surgeon—I saw Davis on the morning of 15th September there was an angular wound over his cheek bone about 1 1/4 inches long—his tunic was covered with blood, and there were three or four cuts in it, one five inches in length, and another branching through the waistcoat and corresponding with one through the tunic—he has been on the sick list ever since—the blows must have been given with some sharp instrument, a knife probably—the wound in the face would not have been inflicted by a short</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210033"/>
<p>pipe—these long cuts were evidently done with a sharp instrument—there are four or five distinct holes in the coat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-404-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-404-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-404-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Several former convictions were proved against the Prisoner, and he was out on ticket of leave at the time—
<rs id="t18740921-404-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-404-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-404-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-404-18740921 t18740921-404-punishment-34"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> The Court
<hi rend="italic">ordered</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">reward to Davis, and 11. each to Coleman and Chesterman.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September zord</hi>, 1874.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18740921-405" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-405-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18740921 t18740921-405-offence-1 t18740921-405-verdict-1"/>
<p>405.
<persName id="def1-405-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-405-18740921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18740921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18740921" type="surname" value="MOCATTA"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18740921" type="given" value="GEORGINA EMILIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGINA EMILIE MOCATTA</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-405-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-405-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-405-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-405-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-405-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-405-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing a letter containing two pieces of paper and an order for the payment of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18740921-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-154" type="surname" value="MCFARLANE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-154" type="given" value="KATE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-405-offence-1 t18740921-name-154"/>Kate McFarlane</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-405-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-405-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-405-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18740921 t18740921-405-punishment-35"/>Three Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18740921-406" type="date" value="18740921"/>
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<p>406.
<persName id="def1-406-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-406-18740921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18740921" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18740921" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18740921" type="given" value="AMY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMY SMITH</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-406-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-406-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-406-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="kidnapping"/>, to unlawfully taking away and detaining
<persName id="t18740921-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-156" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-156" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-406-offence-1 t18740921-name-156"/>George Henry Watts</persName>,. a child of tender years, with intent to deprive the parents of its possession</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-406-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-406-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-406-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-406-18740921 t18740921-406-punishment-36"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18740921-406-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-406-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-406-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18740921-407" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-407" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-407-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-407-18740921 t18740921-407-offence-1 t18740921-407-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-407-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-407-18740921 t18740921-407-offence-1 t18740921-407-verdict-1"/>
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<p>407.
<persName id="def1-407-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-407-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18740921" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18740921" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18740921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES JOHNSON</hi> (20)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-407-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-407-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-407-18740921" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-407-18740921" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="def2-407-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BISHOP</hi> (17)</persName> and
<persName id="def3-407-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-407-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-407-18740921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-407-18740921" type="surname" value="ROWSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-407-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROWSON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-407-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-407-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-407-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing one basket and 500 greengages, the property of
<persName id="t18740921-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-160" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-160" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-407-offence-1 t18740921-name-160"/>James Jones</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">BISHOP</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-407-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-407-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-407-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. FRITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-161" type="surname" value="DRISCOLL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-161" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL DRISCOLL</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, John Street, Lambeth, and am a licensed messenger—about 8 o'clock on the morning of 6th August I saw the three prisoners walking down Exeter Street, one of them was carrying a basket of beans and another a basket of plums—I walked a little way behind them and I met the officer in Wellington Street and said something to him—as soon as they saw me speak to him they
<hi rend="italic">chucked</hi> the baskets out in the road and all three ran away—I followed with the constable, and they were taken in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-162" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-162" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 384). I was on duty on 6th August in Wellington Street, and Driscoll called my attention to the three prisoners—they were all walking together—two of them were carrying a basket each, one a basket of fruit and the other a basket of beans—as soon as they saw me and Driscoll they threw the baskets in the road and ran away—we pursued them and caught them in the Savoy, Strand—I took Rowson—he said "It is not me, I know nothing at all about the baskets."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-163" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-163" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PERRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E R</hi> 48). I took Johnson and Bishop—I had seen them previously with Rowson—I could not say which were the two who carried the baskets.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-164" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-164" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JONES</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">being called did not appear.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROWSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-407-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-407-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-407-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>. [See trial number 409 for punishments.]</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-408">
<interp inst="t18740921-408" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-408" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-408-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18740921 t18740921-408-offence-1 t18740921-408-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-408-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-408-18740921 t18740921-408-offence-1 t18740921-408-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-408-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-408-18740921 t18740921-408-offence-1 t18740921-408-verdict-2"/>
<p>408.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-408-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-408-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18740921" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18740921" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18740921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JOHNSON</persName>,
<persName id="def2-408-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-408-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-408-18740921" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-408-18740921" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="def2-408-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/> CHARLES BISHOP</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-408-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-408-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-408-18740921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-408-18740921" type="surname" value="ROWSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-408-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROWSON</hi> </persName>, were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18740921-408-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-408-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-408-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>stealing one basket and half a bushel of beans, the property of
<persName id="t18740921-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-168" type="surname" value="STEEL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-168" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-408-offence-1 t18740921-name-168"/>Charles Steel</persName>, to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>, and
<hi rend="largeCaps">BISHOP</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-408-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-408-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-408-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-169" type="surname" value="DRISCOLL"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-169" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL DRISCOLL</persName>,
<persName id="t18740921-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-170" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-170" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY WHITE</persName> </hi>, and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-171" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PERRY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">repeated their former evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-172" type="surname" value="PRINGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-172" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT PRINGLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Peachin Street, Holborn, and am assistant to Charles Steel—I missed a basket of French beans from my master's stand in Covent Garden—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced)—I</hi> had seen it safe about 7 o'clock and missed it about half an hour afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROWSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-408-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-408-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-408-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>. [See trial number 409 for punishments.]</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-409">
<interp inst="t18740921-409" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-409" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-409-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-409-18740921 t18740921-409-offence-1 t18740921-409-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-409-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-409-18740921 t18740921-409-offence-1 t18740921-409-verdict-2"/>
<p>409.
<persName id="def1-409-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-409-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18740921" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18740921" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18740921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BISHOP</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-409-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-409-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-409-18740921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-409-18740921" type="surname" value="ROWSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-409-18740921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ROWSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18740921-409-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-409-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-409-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for stealing a shawl from the person of
<persName id="t18740921-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-175" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-175" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-409-offence-1 t18740921-name-175"/>Jane Smith</persName>,</rs> to which
<hi rend="largeCaps">BISHOP</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-409-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-409-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-409-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210034"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-176" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-176" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-176" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Sidney Smith, of 52, Nelson Square—on 5th August I was in Lancaster Street, near Newington Causeway—Rowson I believe came behind me and snatched my shawl from my arm—I caught sight of Rowson, because he ran across the road and threw it to Bishop—I was close to him and had a good view of him—I am able to speak to him as being the man—they both ran away and I followed them crying "Stop thief"—Bishop ran into a house and dropped the shawl at the door—I picked it up—a constable came up and I went with him to the station—I have no doubt that the prisoners are the two men—I saw them at Bow Street the week following with seven or eight others, and I picked them out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by Rowson.</hi> I did not say I was not quite sure it was you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-177" type="surname" value="FARNBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FARNBOROUGH</persName> </hi>. I live at 32, Earl Street, London Road—between 2 and 3 o'clock on 5th August I saw Bishop running in the direction of Kell Street with a shawl on his arm—the prosecutrix was running behind him, holloaing out—Bishop ran down Kell Street, and a lot of men holloaed to him to drop the shawl—he dropped it and ran into a house—I ran down the street after him, but he went into the house too quick.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Rowson.</hi> I wish to call Bishop as a witness.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-178" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-178" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BISHOP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>). I snatched the shawl and Rowson had nothing at all to do with it—he was not with me at the time—I was by myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROWSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18740921-409-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-409-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-409-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BISHOP</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-409-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-409-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-409-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-409-18740921 t18740921-409-punishment-37"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHNSON</hi>*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18740921-409-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-409-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-409-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18740921 t18740921-409-punishment-38"/>Six Montlis' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18740921-410">
<interp inst="t18740921-410" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18740921"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-410" type="date" value="18740921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18740921-410-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-410-18740921 t18740921-410-offence-1 t18740921-410-verdict-1"/>
<p>410.
<persName id="def1-410-18740921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-410-18740921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18740921" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18740921" type="surname" value="JENSTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18740921" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN JENSTER</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18740921-410-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18740921-410-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-410-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining by false pretences from
<persName id="t18740921-name-180" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-180" type="surname" value="MORLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-180" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-410-offence-1 t18740921-name-180"/>Charles Morland</persName> and others-seventy-two umbrellas and twelve chatelaine bands with intent to defraud.
<hi rend="italic">Second and third Counts.</hi> Obtaining twenty-three waistcoats from
<persName id="t18740921-name-181" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-181" type="surname" value="PREAGER"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-181" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-410-offence-1 t18740921-name-181"/>Louis Preager</persName> and 120 umbrellas from
<persName id="t18740921-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-182" type="surname" value="INCE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-182" type="given" value="JAMES JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18740921-410-offence-1 t18740921-name-182"/>James John Ince</persName> with a like intent.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THORNE COLE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MACRAE MOIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-183" type="surname" value="BALE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-183" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BALE</persName> </hi>. I am a town traveller in the employ of Morland and Sons, of Eastcheap, importers of umbrellas—about the 4th or 5th March the defendant came to the warehouse—I served him—he gave an order for seventy-two umbrellas and twelve chatelaine bands, which came to 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he arranged to pay cash for them when they were ready—they were to be ready about the 8th or 9th March—he was to-call and pay for them, and it was to be arranged how they were to be taken away—I believe this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the card which he gave me, at any rate it was a similar one with a similar name and address—the name upon this is "E. Poncin & Co., 3, Queen Street, Covent Garden"—I did not go there at all—he came again on 8th March—he did not pay me for the articles, but I saw the cheque in the afternoon—on 14th March, in consequence of some information received, I went with two constables to 17, Lambeth Road—I did not see the prisoner there, but we found the goods, minus one or two umbrellas—I have four of the umbrellas here—I think it was sixty-seven we found altogether—they were under the mattrass of one of the beds: as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210035"/>
<p>near as I can express it they were concealed in the bedding—I found they were the same goods which were ordered by the defendant—we found all the property there except four or five umbrellas, two others were found at a pawnbrokers near, Ohlson and Son, 44 and 46, Westminster Bridge Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We recovered all the umbrellas but three—the prisoner was not there—I was not aware that he lived at 33, St. George's Road, Lambeth—he gave me this card—he did not speak of the person whose name is on the card as a different person to himself—he did not say that Poncin had been recommended or had recommended him—he came in as an ordinary customer and ordered the goods—I was the person who saw him first—he introduced himself by presenting the card, and I understood that he was that firm.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-184" type="surname" value="MORLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-184" type="given" value="CHARLES COLEBY"/>CHARLES COLEBY MORLAND</persName> </hi>. I am an umbrella manufacturer, at.50, Eastcheap—on 10th March the defendant called there—he was brought to the counting house—he handed me this cheque for 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—that is the amount of the invoice less the discount for cash—I receipted the invoice and he took the goods away in a cab. (
<hi rend="italic">Cheque produced:</hi> "London, 10th March, 1874. Birkbeck Bank, 29 and 30, Southampton Buildings. Pay Messrs. J. Morland & Son or Bearer 33
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. Edward Poncin. N.S. 11-3-74.") I did not see the prisoner sign it—it was brought signed—I paid that cheque into my bank in the ordinary course and it was returned marked "N.S." which means not sufficient—I parted with my goods on the belief that it was a good cheque; I mean that he had assets at the bank—I would not have parted with them on credit at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am not quite sure whether I had seen the prisoner before—I think I had seen him about the place; I had not spoken to him before—he did not give me his address when he called; he gave his card to the last witness—I have no doubt that the prisoner is a foreigner from his way of speaking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-185" type="surname" value="OHLSON"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-185" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK OHLSON</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker at 44, Westminster Bridge Road—I produce two umbrellas; one was pawned on 11th March-for 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., in. the name of John Smith, 17, Lambeth Road, and the other on the 12th for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., by a woman who gave her name Ann Johnson, 17, Lambeth Road—I produce the tickets—I took in the one which was pawned by the woman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have never seen the prisoner before to my knowledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-186" type="surname" value="BALE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-186" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BALE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I identify these as two of the umbrellas—the wholesale price would be 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There is one here which I recognised because it had my writing on the ticket which was gummed on; the ticket has now been defaced, but I recognise them as our make—they are exactly similar to those supplied to the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-187" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN UNDERWOOD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant L</hi> 11). I obtained a search warrant, and about 4 o'clock on 14th March. I went with Mr. Bale to 17, Lambeth Road—in the back room on the first floor we found sixty-seven umbrellas neatly arranged between the palliasse and the bedstead—under the bed, in a small box, I found twelve metal chatelaines—I did not see the prisoner there; I never saw him till 20th August at Kennington Lane Police Station—I told him I held a warrant for his apprehension for obtaining by means of false pretences, on or about 10th March, from 50, Eastcheap, seventy-two umbrellas and other articles, the property of Messrs. Morland and Sons—he said "Yes, they have all been given back, and my wife says they will not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187409210036"/>
<p>prosecute"—I found on him a pawn ticket relating to an umbrella pledged about an hour previously in Kennington Park Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18740921-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18740921-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-188" type="surname" value="INCE"/>
<interp inst="t18740921-name-188" type="given" value="JAMES JOHN"/>JAMES JOHN INCE</persName> </hi>. I am an umbrella maker, carrying on business with my father at 64, Bishopsgate Street—on 27th July the prisoner called there—I saw him, and received an order from him in the name of Peter Palmer—I asked him for his card—he pulled his pocket-book out and found that he was without a card, but he tore off the head of a memorandum form and said "That is me," and upon that was "Peter Palmer, 78, Blackfriars Road"—I have not got that piece of paper here; I have, looked for it, but have not been able to find it—I copied the name and address from the paper into the order-book—I have not got the order-book here—I afterwards went to that address—I did not find the prisoner there or Peter Palmer; he had gone about three or four days—the order he gave was for ten dozen ladies' silk umbrellas at 60
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a dozen, and they had to be made especially for him—I identify these two umbrellas as being part of the order—when he gave the order, I said that as he was a stranger it would have to be a cash transaction upon delivery—he said "Just so, but I shall require a little in the way of discount for it"—he left after that, and I promised that the order should be done by the following Friday; that would be in about four days—he said that I was not to disappoint him, and between that and the Friday when the order was completed, he called to see if we were getting on w