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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>GIBBONS, MAYOR.</p>
<p>TENTH SESSION, HELD AUGUST 19TH, 1872.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED, BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>STEVENS & SONS, 119, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City Of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, August 19th, 1872, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON. SIR</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SILLS JOHN GIBBONS</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">BART</hi>.,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; The Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES HANNEN</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Queen's Bench; The Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN RICHARD QUAIN</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-1" type="surname" value="DUKE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DUKE</persName> </hi>, Bart.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-2" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-2" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-3" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-3" type="given" value="BENJAMIN SAMUEL"/>BENJAMIN SAMUEL PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-4" type="surname" value="GABRIEL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-4" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GABRIEL</persName> </hi>, Bart., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-5" type="surname" value="WATERLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-5" type="given" value="SIDNEY HEDLEY"/>SIDNEY HEDLEY WATERLOW</persName> </hi>, Knt., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-6" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-6" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Knt., Q.C., M.P., Deputy Recorder and Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-7" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-7" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS WYATT TRUSCOTT</hi>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-8" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BENNETT</persName> </hi>, Knt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-9" type="surname" value="CROSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-9" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER CROSLEY</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-10" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-10" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BEARD</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GIBBONS, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, August</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before the Deputy Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>554.
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<interp inst="def1-554-18720819" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18720819" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-554-18720819" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS EDWARDS</hi> (26)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18720819-554-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-554-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-554-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and corrupt perjury, committed by him in the Divorce Court, in the suit of "
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<interp inst="t18720819-name-12" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-12" type="surname" value="PARTINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-12" type="given" value="na"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-554-offence-1 t18720819-name-12"/>Partington</persName>
<hi rend="italic">v.</hi> Partington."</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18720819-name-13" type="surname" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-13" type="given" value="FITZJAMES"/>MR. FITZJAMES STEPHEN</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="largeCaps">Q. C</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEASLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-554-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-554-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-554-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character—
<rs id="t18720819-554-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-554-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-554-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-554-18720819 t18720819-554-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>555.
<persName id="def1-555-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-555-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18720819" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18720819" type="surname" value="GARNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-555-18720819" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GARNER</hi> (54)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-555-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-555-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-555-18720819" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-555-18720819" type="surname" value="POORE"/>
<interp inst="def2-555-18720819" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY POORE</hi> (33)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-555-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-555-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-555-18720819" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def3-555-18720819" type="surname" value="GARNER"/>
<interp inst="def3-555-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GARNER</hi> (45)</persName>, were indicted
<rs id="t18720819-555-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-555-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-555-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>(with
<persName id="t18720819-name-17">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-17" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-17" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Hart</persName>, not in custody) for unlawfully conspiring to defraud
<persName id="t18720819-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-18" type="surname" value="VIVIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-18" type="given" value="FREDERICK HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-555-offence-1 t18720819-name-18"/>Frederick Henry Vivian</persName> of 330 tons of coal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GOODMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended John Garner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">INMAN</hi>. I am a clerk to Messrs. Vivian—on 6th July I served notices on the three prisoners to produce certain documents—this is a copy (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-19" type="surname" value="VIVIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-19" type="given" value="FREDERICK EDWARD"/>FREDERICK EDWARD VIVIAN</persName> </hi>. I am a coal merchant at Swansea for myself, and also act as agent for other firms—on 11th April I received by post this letter dated 10th April, signed John Harvey, 1, Marion Villas, Lansdowne Road, Dalston, asking the price of coals for his nephew at Dieppe—I sent an answer giving the prices, and on 14th April received this letter dated the 13th, signed in the same way—I wrote to him on the 16th, stating the terms for cash—other letters passed between us, I asking for cash and he proposing bills—on 20th April I received this letter dated the 19th. (
<hi rend="italic">This enclosed the names of Messrs. Poore & Co. and Messrs. W. Thompson & Co., of</hi> 61,
<hi rend="italic">Watling Street, as references.</hi>) I wrote to Thompson & Co., and got this reply. (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd April, stating that they had had many transactions with Mr. Harvey, and whatever business was entered into with him</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="italic">would meet with punctuality.</hi> I then agreed to ship the cargo, but I never agreed to take bills—they offered me bills, but I declined them—on 9th May he enclosed a draft from Mr. James Standing at two months, dated 1st May—Standing was described as an engineer, of 49, Northampton Row, London, and Buckhurst Hill, Essex—I retained the bill, but advised Harvey that the captain would not accept it in part payment of freight—I proposed a meeting, and ultimately, on 17th May, met John Garner, who called him
<lb/>self Johnson, at Kennan's Hotel—he brought this letter. (
<hi rend="italic">This stated, "Whatever arrangement you make will be binding on my part</hi>"—
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN HARVEY</hi>.) That "John Harvey" is in the same writing as a previous letter—I declined to give up the bills of lading without the money—he said that I had better take them back—I said that if he was prepared to give me good bills I would take them in payment—ten or fifteen minutes passed, and he said that he had some bills of exchange at home, and though he had no authority from Harvey to part with them, he would do so, as the vessel was probably at her destination—he also produced a cheque, and said "I wish I could endorse it to you"—he left me, and in the course of an hour came again, and produced these two bills of exchange, and afterwards one other was drawn—I returned the one drawn on Standing—it was arranged that those four bills should be held by me as collateral security—I saw Johnson sign this bill in the name of John Harvey, and it struck me that the writing was the same as the letters I received—I said "I have got a letter con
<lb/>firming our arrangement," and he wrote this letter in my presence—I said "I am astonished to see your writing so much like John Harvey's"—he said "My brother-in-law is a self-raised man, he is unable to write, and I do the whole of his correspondence; he is a very respectable man, and very well off"—he accepted the bill, payable at the Bank of England; he said, "All Harvey's bills are payable at the Bank of England; everything is paid there"—I asked him the name of his nephew at Rouen; he said "John Harvey," and then I made a pencil memorandum—I told him I did not know either of the names on those bills, and asked for a reference—he said "I don't know that they would care about having their names hawked about, they are very respectable people; but if they do not pay, John Harvey is quite capable of paying," and I did not write to them—he said that Henry Pool was an iron and steel factor, and that these bills were given for iron and steel, and were regular trade bills; that Freeman was a Government con
<lb/>tractor, and a very respectable man, and John Harvey had dealings with him, and all his bills were met—after that conversation I kept the bills, and endorsed the bill of lading over to him—the ship had left two or three days previously—here is the bill of lading which we endorsed—I paid the bills to our banker, and in consequence of what he said I came up and put myself in communication with the police, and wrote to say that I should be at Kennan's Hotel on the following Monday—I received this letter from a person signing the name of Buckley—I went with Sergeant Peck to Kennan's Hotel, and met a person who called himself William Buckley, who said he had full authority from Johnson and Harvey to enter into business with me; that one of them was at Hull and the other at Sunderland—he said that he was a coal factor, doing business at King's Cross and Chalk Farm—we had some conversation about coal, and I proposed to telegraph to Johnson to come up and see me—he went away with that intention, and I went off to Dieppe the same evening, where I found the vessel with the coals on board, minus 10 tons out of 330—that was 24th May, I think—I saw the</p>
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<p>bill of lading; it was endorsed first by myself to Harvey, and from Harvey to John Hart—the Harts are large brokers and merchants at Dieppe—I sold the coal at 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the invoice came to 247
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the coal was sold by Hart for 202
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or 55
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. less than the cost price—after some conversation with Hart, I went to Hilton's Hotel, Dieppe, and, after some conversation with the landlord, I found John Garner in bed there, though Hart had told me he had left for Rouen—I had some difficulty in waking him, until I put a candle to his nose—I then told him that he had better not leave for 24 hours at least, my object being that he should leave—I went on board the boat for England a few hours afterwards, thinking he was on board, but he was too sharp for me, and two days afterwards I found him in custody in London—I am satisfied that he is the person who called himself Johnson—William Garner was also taken; he is the man who came to me as Buckley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Poore. Q.</hi> How long ago did you take my bill of exchange?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On 17th May, the same day as the others—the ship started on 12th May, and I received your bill on the 11th from Johnson—she had sailed two days when I saw Mr. Garner in the City—a bill was sent in advance on account of freight a week before, as the charter-party states that one-third is to be paid before starting—I had written that the vessel was loading, and that I should be glad to receive a cheque for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I telegraphed to ask for the money, but it was not forthcoming—I came up to London on the Sunday to get my money before the ship started, and went to Kennan's Hotel—I went to Mr. Harvey, at Lansdowne Terrace, and saw a lady, who opened the door; that was about 7th or 8th May—I called at Mr. Harvey's house twice the same morning—I do not know whether the ship had sailed when I went back home, and saw Johnson at Swansea; he gave me your bill of exchange—I only saw him once there; the second time was at Dieppe, in bed—I had nothing to do with you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I would not have parted with the cargo if I had not believed the names to be genuine; I believed them to be trade bills—I have been to his place; there is no appearance of steel or of any business being carried on; it is merely a common cottage in the Hackney Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-20" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-20" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILL</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Collins Court, and am housekeeper at 61, Watling Street—I keep the keys, and am there every day—about eighteen months ago Thompson and a stoutish man, whose name I did not hear, but who appeared like a German, came, and an office on the first floor was let to them for 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—a table and two chairs were put in—I saw no books—no business was carried on there to my knowledge—one of them came every day for letters, and was there ten minutes or a quarter of an hour, and went away again—I did not see Thompson there after the day he took the office—the name put up was Thompson and Co.—about three months ago the people at the office disappeared, and have not been there since—somebody took away the table and chairs when I was out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-21" type="surname" value="MARSDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-21" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MARSDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, of Prospect Place, Cam
<lb/>bridge Heath—I know the three prisoners; I have seen them together, but do not know Hart—I have seen them pass my place, going down Russia Lane—three or four months ago I met John Garner in the Prince of Wales public-house, opposite my house—he showed me a telegram from a coal merchant—I do not know where; I did not read it—he wanted to know whether I could recommend a respectable hotel in the City to meet a gentle
<lb/>man at, and he asked me if I would go and meet him for him, and say that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190006"/>
<p>he had gone to Hull—I said that I should do nothing of the kind—he said he would pay me well if I would go, but I declined—William Garner owed me some money, and John Garner said that if I called down at Mr. Day's next morning I should have some of my money—I have never been asked by either of them to be a reference, and never authorized them to use my name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-22" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-22" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DAY</persName> </hi>. I keep the Prince Albert, Old Ford Road—I know the three prisoners and Hart—I have seen them together some months ago, on more than one occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-23" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-23" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY THOMAS</persName> </hi>. I live at 79, Whitecross Street—I am landlord of 1, Marion Villas, Dalston, which I let to Mr. Garner in the name of James Andrews, coal merchant, Pownall Road, Dalston—the rent commenced on 25th March—he referred me to Barrett, Conns & Co., 4, Cannon Row, West
<lb/>minster, contractors and merchants—I went there and saw no one but the housekeeper—I wrote, and received an answer from the firm, I suppose—I saw him sign the agreement in the name of James Andrews.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-24" type="surname" value="DOVE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-24" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH DOVE</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Triangle Street, Dalston—19, Philip's Road, Dalston, belongs to my mother—in the middle of last March Poore came and gave the name of Mander—he wanted to take the house for him
<lb/>self, and referred to Barrett, Conns & Co., of Westminster—I communicated with them, received a satisfactory answer, and let the house to him—William Garner took possession, and said that he was the brother of Mr. Marsden, and was a coal merchant at King's Cross—he said that he had come for the keys of the house for his brother—I have known John Garner as Mr. Lavender—he lived in our street two or three years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Poore. Q.</hi> Did I say that I wanted the house for Mr. Marsden?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, for yourself and two children as big as yourself—you gave me Mr. Marsden's address as Lansdowne Terrace, Victoria Park—I did not see you at the house, but others did.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-25" type="surname" value="NEWTON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-25" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES NEWTON</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of 2, Elam Road, Dalston—about 22nd April I let that house to William Garner in the name of John Harvey—he gave a reference to Henry Poore, 56, Lansdowne Road, Dalston—I went there, and saw Mrs. Poore—I afterwards received a letter stating that Poore would call on me at 11 o'clock next morning, and next morning John Garner called and represented himself to be Poore, and in the evening he brought me this letter—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "April 24. Dear Sir, Please give the bearer the key of the house I have taken of you; being engaged, I cannot make it convenient to call myself. Yours truly, John Harvey"—Poore then took possession.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-26" type="surname" value="DYER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-26" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>HENRY JAMES DYER</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of 15, Pownall Road, Dalston—about Christmas John Garner called on me, he gave his name John Cook, commission agent, and expressed a desire to take the house—he referred me to where he was residing, 9, Haslett Road, Old Ford, to Mr. Cobb, his land-lord, a drysalter—I went there, and saw two females and a child—my inquiries were quite satisfactory, and I let the house to him—I gave him a fortnight after the rent became due before I applied for the rent, but I never got it—I got the key about a month after quarter day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-27" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-27" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE POWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 56, Brownlow Street, Dalston—in November last Poore took three rooms of me—he gave his name Henry Poore, and lived there from the end of November to 26th April—my rent was paid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-28" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-28" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PECK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I know the prisoners, and have often seen them together—I do not know Hart—on 27th May I received instructions, went to Kennan's Hotel, and saw William Garner; he gave</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190007"/>
<p>the name of Buckley—I went with Mr. Vivian to Dieppe, and on 31st May I received a communication from Mr. Vivian, at Swansea, in consequence of which I took John Garner in the Hackney Road—the warrant was in the name of Harvey—he said "I am not Harvey, and never have been"—I said "I know that perfectly well"—I went to his house, 1, Lansdowne Villas, Dalston, and found a quantity of letters, telegrams, and papers, and three pawn-tickets in the names of Garner, Gardner, and Garnett—I found some mining shares and some Spanish bonds in his pocket; I also found some letters and telegrams relating to this matter—I went to the Globe public-house, Hackney Road, and saw Poore, William Garner, a man named Standing, and another man, together there—it was 10 or 11 o'clock in the evening—I went into the next compartment, and heard them talking about the arrest of John Garner; Poore said "They can't do anything with
<hi rend="italic">Jack</hi>"—there was a good deal of noise, and I could not catch much of the con
<lb/>versation—I then went to the compartment where they were, and told Poore he must consider himself in custody on a warrant—I called him by name; he said 'Yes, that is me"—I addressed William Garner; he said "Yes, how do you know my name?"—I said "I have known you some time"—I showed him the letters signed "Harvey" and "Buckley," and he said "Those are in my writing"—Standing gave his address 49, North
<lb/>ampton Road, Clerkenwell—Poore gave his address, at the station, 2, Eleanor Row, Hackney, and William Garner gave his address 19, St. Philip's Road, Dalston—I went there; it is a small house—Poore's was a small house; there was no appearance of an iron or steel factory—William Garner took some papers out of his coat pocket as he was standing against the counter, and tried to pass them to another man—I found, on Poore, some papers, and a letter addressed "Mr. Standing, 49, Northampton Road," also a paper with "
<hi rend="largeCaps">F. E</hi>. Vivian, Coal Merchant, Swansea," on it—the name "John Harvey" has been bracketed with it, but it is torn—here are two letters, one addressed "H. Burnett, Esq., 2, Eleanor Road, Hack
<lb/>ney," and the other "Mr. H. Barnett"—the packet of papers I took from William Garner includes a card with the name of "William Buckley, 6, Clinton Road, Mile End Road," on it, I think, but it is in pencil, and almost illegible—I also found some bonds and coupons of a Spanish bank (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and a letter addressed to Garner, and a piece of paper ad
<lb/>dressed "Mr. John Hart, at Mr. Hilton's, Hotel d'Angleterre, Dieppe"—I have made inquiries at 9, Hewlett Road, for a person named Freeman, the other acceptor of the bill, but cannot find hi; a statement was made about him, which I believe to be false—Standing occupied one furnished room, without any appearance of business—I have not been able to find Mr. Thompson, or Mr. Hart—there was another piece of paper, on which was written "Henry Davey, Swansea," and below, "Mr.
<hi rend="largeCaps">H. E</hi>. Vivian, 1, Mount Street, Swansea."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">William Garner produced a written defence, stating that he wrote the two letters at the request of Mrs. John Garner, and signed them in the name of Buckley; that he also, at her request, her husband being absent, met Mr. Vivian at Kennan's Hotel, but that he never had any trade transactions with John Garner, who never allowed him to know anything about his business.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he could not resist the evidence against John Garner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-555-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-555-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-555-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">William Garner further</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a conviction of a like offence in March</hi>, 1869.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-555-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-555-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-555-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-555-18720819 t18720819-555-punishment-2"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-555-18720819 t18720819-555-punishment-2"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-555-18720819 t18720819-555-punishment-2"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190008"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, August</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-556">
<interp inst="t18720819-556" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-556" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-556-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-18720819 t18720819-556-offence-1 t18720819-556-verdict-1"/>
<p>556.
<persName id="def1-556-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-556-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18720819" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18720819" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-556-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN THOMAS</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-556-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-556-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-556-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-30" type="surname" value="BATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-30" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BATTS</persName> </hi>. I keep the White Swan public-house, Commercial Road—on Saturday, 29th June, I saw the prisoner, at the bar—directly after the barman came to me and produced a base florin—I saw it was bad; the prisoner said he was not aware of it—I said "I do not believe it, as there have been several pieces passed this week, and I believe you are the person who passed them; I shall lock you up"—I had taken four bad pieces between the Monday and Saturday evening; since that time I have not had any—I had seen the prisoner in the house three times that same week—I gave him into custody, and gave the bad florin to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-31" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-31" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WINTER</persName> </hi>. I am barman to Mr. Batts—on 29th June the prisoner came in and asked for a half-quartern of rum—he gave me a bad florin—I had seen him in the house that week about three times, if not four—I had taken bad money during that week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-32" type="surname" value="BOURNE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-32" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BOURNE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 662). I took the prisoner into custody—he said he did not know it was bad when he gave it—I had said nothing before that; I had not charged him—I found 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good coin on him, consisting of a crown, two half-crowns, four florins, one shilling, one sixpence, and 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. copper—I produce the bad florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-33" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-33" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This florin is bad—there are also here two florins and two shillings, all bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-556-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-556-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-556-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted in January</hi>, 1870.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-556-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-556-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-556-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-556-18720819 t18720819-556-punishment-3"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-557">
<interp inst="t18720819-557" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-557" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-557-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-557-18720819 t18720819-557-offence-1 t18720819-557-verdict-1"/>
<p>557.
<persName id="def1-557-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-557-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18720819" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18720819" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="def1-557-18720819" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN PECK</hi> (30)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18720819-557-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-557-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-557-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-35" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-35" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a corn dealer at 259, Roman Road—on 1st May the prisoner came into my shop for a pound of flour—she gave me a shilling, and I gave her 9 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I found afterwards the shilling was bad—on 20th May she came in again for a half-quartern of flour, which was 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a shilling—I kept it in my hand as I took it off the counter, and I did not notice it till after she was gone, when I found it was bad—I gave it to the detective.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have a good many customers—I have seen the prisoner plenty of times buying flour—the first shilling she gave me I put in the till, and the detective came in and said, "What did the lady give you?"—I put the shilling into the till in the ordinary way—there was other silver there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I did not look at the shilling till the detective came in—there were two shillings in the till—he came in about half a minute after I received the shilling—I had taken no other shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-36" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-36" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN FRY</persName> </hi>. I live at 492, Mile End Road, and keep a ginger-beer shop—on 4th July the prisoner and another woman came—I should know the other woman if I saw her—that is the woman (
<hi rend="italic">Chapman—See next case</hi>)—they came in together, and Peck asked for two bottles of ginger-beer—I can't say which of them put the shilling down; it was lying on the counter at the time I opened the beer—I gave 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, all in copper—Peck</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190009"/>
<p>took up the change—I put the shilling into the till; there was no other shilling there—shortly after the constable Withers came in, and I looked at the shilling and found it was bad—I marked it, and gave it to the con
<lb/>stable—no one came in after the prisoners left till the constable came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The money in the till was a florin, a sixpence, and 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. piece, besides coppers—I could not say which of them paid for the ginger-beer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-37" type="surname" value="WITHERS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-37" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WITHERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 453). I was on duty in the Mile End Road on 4th July, and saw Peck and Chapman—they went into Mrs. Fry's shop—I saw them come out, and I went in—I saw her mark this shilling with a cross and I marked it with a "W"—I then followed the prisoners into the Roman Road—Chapman left Peck and went into a butcher's shop, and when she come out she joined Peck—I took them into custody—Peck had 13 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—I produce the shilling passed to Mrs. Fry and two others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-38" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-38" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad shilling—these two are also bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-557-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-557-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-557-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">She also</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted in January</hi>, 1870.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-558">
<interp inst="t18720819-558" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-558" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-558-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-18720819 t18720819-558-offence-1 t18720819-558-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-558-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-558-18720819 t18720819-558-offence-1 t18720819-558-verdict-1"/>
<p>558.
<persName id="def1-558-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-558-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18720819" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18720819" type="surname" value="PECK"/>
<interp inst="def1-558-18720819" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN PECK</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-558-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-558-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-558-18720819" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-558-18720819" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-558-18720819" type="given" value="JULIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JULIA CHAPMAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-558-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-558-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-558-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. B. KELLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-41" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-41" type="surname" value="BARRUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-41" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE BARRUCK</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mrs. Burton, a draper at High Street, Stratford—on 1st March Chapman came into the shop and asked for a hair net, which came to 3 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a shilling in payment—I gave the shilling to Mrs. Burton, and I asked her in Chapman's hearing if it was good—she put it in the detector, and found it was bad—I told Chapman it was bad, and I marked it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-42" type="surname" value="BURTON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-42" type="given" value="HELEN"/>HELEN BURTON</persName> </hi>. On 1st March Chapman came into my shop, and was served by the last witness, who handed me a shilling—I tried it, and found it bad—I asked Chapman if she knew it was bad, she said she did not—I asked her where she came from, she said she came from Kingsland—I gave her into custody, and gave the shilling to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-43" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JACKSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 566). I took Chapman into custody at Mrs. Burton's on 1st March—Mrs. Burton gave me a shilling, which I pro
<lb/>duce—Chapman was brought up before the Ilford Magistrates for uttering it, and discharged on the 9th March.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-44" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-44" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a corn dealer at 259, Roman Road—on 24th May, Peck came in for a quartern of flour—she gave me a shilling, which turned out to be bad, and which I gave to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-45" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-45" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-45" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN FRY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">repeated her evidence in the former case.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-46" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-46" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher's assistant at 195, Roman Road—on 4th July Chapman came in for a half-pound of steak, which was 6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a bad shilling—I bent it and gave it her back, and said "This is bad;" she said "You don't mean to say so," I said "It is"—she paid with a good shilling—she put the bad one in her purse, and left the shop—she dealt with us occasionally—I afterwards went to the station and saw her there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-47" type="surname" value="WITHERS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-47" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WITHERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 453). I saw the two prisoners in the Mile End Road on 4th July—I saw them go into Mrs. Fry's shop and come out together—I went in and spoke to Mrs. Fry, and marked a shilling, which I produce—I then followed the prisoners along the Mile End Road,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190010"/>
<p>and Chapman went into a butcher's shop—Peck waited in sight of the shop—when Chapman came out she joined Peck, but before that I went into the butcher's, and afterwards I followed the prisoners again, when they joined—I took them into custody, and charged them with uttering counter
<lb/>feit coin—I searched Peck and found 13 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, and on Chapman I found a sixpence and 7 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—I produce the shillings I received from Fry, Harman, and Richardson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-48" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These shillings are all bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-558-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-558-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-558-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PECK</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-558-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-558-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-558-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-558-18720819 t18720819-558-punishment-4"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHAPMAN</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-558-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-558-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-558-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-558-18720819 t18720819-558-punishment-5"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-559">
<interp inst="t18720819-559" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-559" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-559-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18720819 t18720819-559-offence-1 t18720819-559-verdict-1"/>
<p>559.
<persName id="def1-559-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-559-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18720819" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18720819" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-559-18720819" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-559-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-559-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-559-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOODY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-50" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-50" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH JENKINS</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a fish shop at 179, City Road—the prisoner came in on Wednesday, 26th June, between 11 and 12 o'clock at night—he asked for a penny piece of fish—he tendered a bad half-crown—I turned round and told my husband, and the prisoner ran away and left his fish—he was followed and brought back—I gave the half-crown to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> We were pretty busy—the prisoner saw the half-crown put into the tester, and then he left—I marked the coin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-51" type="surname" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-51" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS JENKINS</persName> </hi>. I saw the prisoner running out of the shop—in con
<lb/>sequence of what my wife said I followed him—he was stopped by a con
<lb/>stable, and I gave him in charge—he said you have made a mistake, or something of that sort.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see the person who passed the money—I ran after the person who was pointed out by my wife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-52" type="surname" value="CROWHURST"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-52" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY CROWHURST</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 156). On 26th June I saw the prisoner running and the prosecutor after him—I caught him—he said "I was only larking;" I said "We will wait and see"—the prosecutor came up and charged him—I took him back to the shop, and the prosecutor's wife identified him—I found a shilling in silver and 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—the prisoner said "I will give the prosecutor a sovereign and you a sovereign if you will let me go"—on the way to the Police Court he said "You must have been a fool not to have taken my sovereign, there will not be any pro
<lb/>secutor"—I produce a crown given to me by the prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't think anyone heard the conversation about the sovereign—he said nothing on the way to the station, it was at the shop that he offered the money—persons round in the shop might have heard it—I searched him in the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-53" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-53" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown is bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-559-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-559-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-559-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted in February</hi>, 1868,
<hi rend="italic">of a like offence.—
<rs id="t18720819-559-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-559-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-559-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-559-18720819 t18720819-559-punishment-6"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-560">
<interp inst="t18720819-560" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-560" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-560-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-560-18720819 t18720819-560-offence-1 t18720819-560-verdict-1"/>
<p>560.
<persName id="def1-560-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-560-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18720819" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18720819" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-560-18720819" type="given" value="ARTHUR GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARTHUR GEORGE JOHNSON</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-560-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-560-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-560-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sovereign.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-55" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-55" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA BROOKS</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Prince of Wales public-house, Engine Street, Piccadilly—previous to Saturday, 6th July, the prisoner lodged there almost three months—he was employed by Mr. East, of Curzon</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190011"/>
<p>Street—on 6th July he owed a bill of 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and in payment of that bill he gave me what I supposed was a sovereign—this is the coin, it was brighter than it is now—I detected it, and saw that it was not a sovereign—I gave it to my mistress—she said she felt herself justified in giving him into custody—on the Monday previous the prisoner owed a bill, and gave me what I thought was a sovereign—I gave him change—I placed the coin on the mantel-shelf, behind the door, with the other gold—there was 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and some of that was in half-sovereigns—my mistress found it the next day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> He lodged in the house some three or four months—I know his father by sight—I don't know his connections at all; he has always paid his bills regularly at the end of the week without any difficulty—I don't test gold always when I take it—I did not think of his giving us a bad sovereign—I generally jink gold down on the counter—I could not have done it on the 6th July—I did not do it—the sovereign passed on the Monday was found out by my mistress the day after—the prisoner was in the house several times between the time the first Hanover medal was passed and the second—no communication was made to him—I don't re
<lb/>member that he ordered a glass of whiskey on the second occasion—I took the second medal to my mistress at once—she said he was a good-for-nothing fellow; and she felt herself justified in giving him in charge for imposing upon her in that way; and she sent for the police—I had no means of knowing that the prisoner had passed the first one until I found out the second—he said he would take it to the place where he came from and get it changed—Mr. East is a job-master in Curzon Street—he did not have an opportunity of going there—he was detained until the constable came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-56" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-56" type="given" value="ANN MYDDLETON"/>ANN MYDDLETON SMITH</persName> </hi>. I keep the Prince of Wales—I put all the gold into the cash-box at night—on Tuesday, 2nd July, I had occasion to go to the cash-box to give change for a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I found a Hanover medal, and called my barmaid's attention to it—I can't say which of these two it was I found—on 6th July the prisoner was in front of the bar—he asked me for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of whiskey; some one called for something else and I ordered my barmaid to serve him, he gave her one of these pieces of money and she passed it to me—I said "You good-for-nothing fellow," or "bad man, how dare you come to take advantage of me; you have passed one before"—he said "If you will give it back to me I will go to my father and take it where I got it from"—I said I should be justified in locking him up—he lodged with me three months—I gave the medals to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> His father is a respectable man, and is coachman to Lord Greville—the prisoner was served with the whiskey, and I believe he drank it—he always behaved well to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-57" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HAYES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 75). The prisoner was given into my custody by Mrs. Smith on 6th July, who gave me the two medals produced—she said she believed he had passed one before, and she should give him into custody—he said he was not aware it was bad, but he would take it back to his master, Mr. East, and get it changed; the other one he said he received from the Trevor Music Hall—he said the one he changed the Monday previous he had received at the Trevor Music Hall, and the one he had just passed he had received from Mr. East in payment for his wages.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I first saw these medals yesterday morning—they were in the same condition then—they are Hanover medals, and have on one side the head of the Queen and "Victoria Regina;" on the other side "To Hanover," and the King of Hanover riding over the dragon—it is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190012"/>
<p>made of brass and it is worth nothing—they are made from a die, and are no doubt from the same die.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-560-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-560-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-560-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before the Deputy Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-561">
<interp inst="t18720819-561" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-561" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-561-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-18720819 t18720819-561-offence-1 t18720819-561-verdict-1"/>
<p>561.
<persName id="def1-561-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-561-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18720819" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18720819" type="surname" value="MCGOVERN"/>
<interp inst="def1-561-18720819" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN MCGOVERN</hi>** (30)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-561-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-561-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-561-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18720819-561-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-561-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-561-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>to unlawfully obtaining, by false pretences, one field glass, of
<persName id="t18720819-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-60" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-60" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-561-offence-1 t18720819-name-60"/>Thomas Crawford</persName> and others, having been previously convicted of felony</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-561-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-561-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-561-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-561-18720819 t18720819-561-punishment-7"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-562">
<interp inst="t18720819-562" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-562" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-562-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18720819 t18720819-562-offence-1 t18720819-562-verdict-1"/>
<p>562.
<persName id="def1-562-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-562-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18720819" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18720819" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-562-18720819" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY NORRIS</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-562-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-562-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-562-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing ten opera-glasses and thirteen gold lockets, the property of
<persName id="t18720819-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-62" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-62" type="given" value="EDWARD GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-562-offence-1 t18720819-name-62"/>Edward George Wood</persName>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character—
<rs id="t18720819-562-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-562-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-562-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-562-18720819 t18720819-562-punishment-8"/>Four Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18720819-562-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-562-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-562-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-563">
<interp inst="t18720819-563" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-563" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-563-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18720819 t18720819-563-offence-1 t18720819-563-verdict-1"/>
<p>563.
<persName id="def1-563-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-563-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18720819" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18720819" type="surname" value="SKELTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-563-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SKEL
<lb/>TON</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-563-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-563-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-563-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18720819-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-64" type="surname" value="HOWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-64" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-563-offence-1 t18720819-name-64"/>James Howlett</persName>, and stealing therein one counterpane and two blankets, his property—</rs>
<rs id="t18720819-563-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-563-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-563-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-563-18720819 t18720819-563-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18720819-563-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-563-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-563-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-564">
<interp inst="t18720819-564" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-564" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-564-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18720819 t18720819-564-offence-1 t18720819-564-verdict-1"/>
<p>564.
<persName id="def1-564-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-564-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18720819" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18720819" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-564-18720819" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WARD</hi> * (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-564-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-564-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-564-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the payment of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., after a previous conviction of felony</rs>
<rs id="t18720819-564-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-564-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-564-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-564-18720819 t18720819-564-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18720819-564-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-564-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-564-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-565">
<interp inst="t18720819-565" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-565" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-565-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18720819 t18720819-565-offence-1 t18720819-565-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-565-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18720819 t18720819-565-offence-2 t18720819-565-verdict-1"/>
<p>565.
<persName id="def1-565-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-565-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18720819" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18720819" type="surname" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="def1-565-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN ANDERSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ANDERSON PAUL</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-565-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-565-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-565-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>,
<rs id="t18720819-565-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-565-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-565-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>to stealing a purse and a half-crown, the property of
<persName id="t18720819-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-67" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-67" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-67" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-565-offence-2 t18720819-name-67"/>Elizabeth Stevens</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18720819-565-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-565-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-565-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-565-18720819 t18720819-565-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18720819-565-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-565-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-565-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-566">
<interp inst="t18720819-566" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-566" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-566-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18720819 t18720819-566-offence-1 t18720819-566-verdict-1"/>
<p>566.
<persName id="def1-566-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-566-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18720819" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18720819" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18720819" type="given" value="WILLIAM STEPHENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-566-18720819" type="occupation" value="post office worker"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STEPHENS STEWART</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-566-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-566-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-566-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing, whilst em
<lb/>ployed in the Post Office, a post-letter containing two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18720819-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-69" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-566-offence-1 t18720819-name-69"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE, JUN</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. H. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-70" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-70" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GARDNER</persName> </hi>. I am one of the officers of the Missing Letter Department—the prisoner was a sorter at the office in Vere Street—in consequence of some complaints, I made up a letter containing two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, addressed "Miss M. Leverson, 101, Cirencester Street, London, W."—I posted it myself, between 3 and 4 o'clock on 5th July, having pre
<lb/>viously called the attention of Wood, the inspector of letter carriers, to it—next morning, shortly after 10 o'clock, the letter was brought to me; the envelope had been opened, and the underneath part of it was damp, the three upper flaps had been forced, and from it had been taken the two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes—the prisoner was then sent for to the Postmaster's private room—I showed him the letter, and said "This letter has been opened, and two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes have been taken from it; do you know anything of the notes?"—he said "Yes"—I said "Where are they?"—he put his right hand into his right hand trousers' pocket, and took out two notes crumpled up, which he handed to Rumbold, the police-officer, who was present; Rumbold handed them to me, and I identified them as those I had enclosed in the envelope.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-71" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-71" type="given" value="JOHN MATTHEW"/>JOHN MATTHEW WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of the Western District—in consequence of an intimation from Mr. Gardner, I went to the Western District Post Office, on the afternoon of the 5th, and took out of the letter-box a letter addressed to Miss Leverson, which I gave to Gillett.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-72" type="surname" value="GILLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-72" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM HENRY"/>JOHN WILLIAM HENRY GILLETT</persName> </hi>. I am a sorter to the Western District office—the prisoner was employed there—on the afternoon of the 5th I received a letter, addressed "Miss M. Leverson," from Mr. Wood, the in
<lb/>spector, and, from instructions I received, I put it in a private drawer,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190013"/>
<p>to which no one had access—it was marked "Registered"—next morning, about 10 o'clock, I gave it to the prisoner—it was his duty to enter it in a book, for the purpose of its being returned to the General Post Office, and then to return it to me—he returned it to me in about a quarter of an hour—I immediately took it upstairs to the private room of the Post-master, and handed it to Mr. Gardner, who examined it and made some communication.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I examined the envelope at the time I gave it to the prisoner; my attention was called to it, and it was perfectly secure—the drawer was locked, and nobody had access to it but myself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-73" type="surname" value="RUMBOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-73" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RUMBOLD</persName> </hi>. I am a police-constable attached to the Post Office—on 6th July I was present when Mr. Gardner questioned the prisoner respecting two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes missing from a letter—he took them out of his pocket, and put them into my hand—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-566-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-566-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-566-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-566-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-566-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-566-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-566-18720819 t18720819-566-punishment-12"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner for a similar offence.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-567">
<interp inst="t18720819-567" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-567" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-567-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-567-18720819 t18720819-567-offence-1 t18720819-567-verdict-1"/>
<p>567.
<persName id="def1-567-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-567-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18720819" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18720819" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-567-18720819" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MOORE</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-567-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-567-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-567-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18720819-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-75" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-75" type="given" value="PATRICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-567-offence-1 t18720819-name-75"/>Patrick William Hogan</persName>, and stealing therein one clock, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-76" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-76" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE HOGAN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Patrick William Hogan, and live on the second floor, in George Court—on 6th August I went to bed, with my children, a little before 12 o'clock—my husband came in at a little after 12 o'clock, and locked the door—between 1 and 2 o'clock I heard a jug break in the room, which woke me up—I sat up in bed, and saw the pri
<lb/>soner standing on a chair with the clock in his hand—I went over to him and said "Good God! who are you?"—he said "Hush," and held the clock with his right hand and tried to drop the blind with his left, but the tassel came off—he went into a water-closet on the landing, and I went after him in my chemise—he left the clock hanging—he ran down stairs and I after him—he was about to leave the door, and was caught by the constable—I examined my room door; the lock was burst in—I had given half-a-guinea for the clock—the street door folds in two; one half is fastened every night—there is a barber's shop at the bottom; he bolts half, and it is very rare that the other half is fastened—the staircase is used by all the lodgers—there was a gentleman in the house whose wife was out, and we heard her go up stairs ten minutes before he heard me scream—the door was half open when I followed the prisoner down stairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-77" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 122). About 2.30 on this morning I was on duty in George Court, and saw the prisoner rush out of Mrs. Hogan's house—I chased him, and caught him after 200 yards—I told him he was charged with stealing a clock—he made no answer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was introduced to the house by a female, who evidently knew the house; she walked in and I walked in after her; there was no front door to open. I stood in the passage some time with her. I was a little the worse for drink, or I should never have been there. She went up stairs, and I after her, and seeing the second landing bedroom door open, I imagined she was there. I saw no one. I heard a clock ticking. I had no bed to go to, and thought I would stay till morning. I got on the chair to see what the time was, and the clock weight came down, because it caught my hair. I never thought of committing a burglary. The girl</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190014"/>
<p>took from me in the passage my purse, with 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in it, and a scarf
<lb/>pin. When I got into the bedroom, the scream made me think I was in a terribly bad house. My friends are all very respectable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-567-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-567-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-567-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-568">
<interp inst="t18720819-568" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-568" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-568-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18720819 t18720819-568-offence-1 t18720819-568-verdict-1"/>
<p>568.
<persName id="def1-568-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-568-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18720819" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18720819" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="def1-568-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FROST</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-568-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-568-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-568-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a request for the delivery of goods.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BROMBY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-79" type="surname" value="HARRIGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-79" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL HARRIGAN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Dodswell, grocer, 51, Bishops
<lb/>gate Street—on Saturday night, 13th July, the prisoner brought this order (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: 28 lbs. preserving lump, 12 raw, 16 first E. J. Norris, White Hart and Fountain, Royal Mint Street")—He said "I came from Mr. Norris; the goods are to be sent to Mr. Norris, but I am to take 14 lbs. of the first quality with me"—he had it, and went away—Mr. Norris is a customer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-80" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-80" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES NORRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler in Royal Mint Street, Whitechapel—the prisoner was in my employ, and left about last November, through drunkenness—this order was not written by me, or by my authority—the prisoner sent me a letter begging me to give him a character, and this order appears to be in the same writing—I never got the 14 lbs. of sugar.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-81" type="surname" value="MANOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-81" type="given" value="HENRY GEORGE"/>HENRY GEORGE MANOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 735). I took the prisoner into custody, and took him to the station, where Harrigan identified him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The order was not written by me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-568-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-568-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-568-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-568-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-568-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-568-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-568-18720819 t18720819-568-punishment-13"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> There was another indictment against the prisoner for a like offence.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-569">
<interp inst="t18720819-569" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-569" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-569-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18720819 t18720819-569-offence-1 t18720819-569-verdict-1"/>
<p>569.
<persName id="def1-569-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-569-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18720819" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18720819" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-569-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COOPER</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-569-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-569-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-569-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18720819-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-83" type="surname" value="MOSSMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-83" type="given" value="JESSE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-569-offence-1 t18720819-name-83"/>Jesse Mossman</persName>, and stealing a chain, a key, and a coin, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-84" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-84" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-85" type="surname" value="MOSSMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-85" type="given" value="JESSE"/>JESSE MOSSMAN</persName> </hi>. On 10th July I had been working for Mr. Kelk, and, in consequence of a letter I had received, I was going home—I called at a beershop kept by a Mr. Woodbridge, at Great Stanmore, and had a pint of ale—I saw the prisoner there—he was asking for beer, and he asked me if I would stand a pint—I gave it him—he then asked if I was going to a station—I said "Yes"—he said "I am going to Barham Wood Station; we will both go together; I have got a horse outside"—we went outside—he asked me to ride—I said at first I would rather walk—he said "You may as well ride," and he gave me a leg up on the horse—when we had got some little way, he hit the horse and made it trot—I said I would rather walk than ride so, but he hit it the more, and went faster and faster—I said I should fall off, and I dropped my bundle and basket and scythe—he then banged back against me, as if to knock me off—I caught my foot on the ground and fell down—I got up again in a minute—he stopped the horse and got off, and asked me to get on again—I said "No, I would rather walk and carry my things"—I put my things together, and as I stooped down to lift them up, he knocked me down with his fists, and I was blinded in a minute with blood—he struck me on the eye, you may see the scar now—he hit me several blows, and he said "How much money have you got?"—I said "Not much"—he said "I will have it"—I said "You won't"—he said "I will," and he tried to dive his hand into my pocket, but I had my belt buckled round me tight, and he could not get it in—he pulled the front of my trousers up, and pulled one button right off—in trying for my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190015"/>
<p>money he felt my watch, and said "You have got a watch; I will have it"—he hit me again several times, and got hold of my chain, but I kept hold of my watch and purse—he broke the chain—he then kicked me four or five times on the arm, and I believe once in the eye, but I was in such a state I could hardly tell where I was kicked—he then asked me whether I would give him my purse and watch—I said "No," and begged him not to kill me—I halloaed "Murder" twice, as loud as I could, and he then jumped on the horse and went away—I afterwards gave a description of him to the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-86" type="surname" value="PAINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-86" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT PAINTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S</hi> 186). On 10th July, about 6 o'clock in the evening, I was called by the prosecutor—I found him very much injured—he gave me a description of the man that did it—I found the chain in the place where the struggle took place, and also this brass button—there were signs of a very severe struggle, and a great quantity of blood, I should think a quart or three pints—there were no stones about there—it was in a ditch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-87" type="surname" value="BRAZIER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-87" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BRAZIER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S</hi> 210). On the night of 10th July, in consequence of a description that had been given at the station, I went to Harrow Weal Common, and found the prisoner in a gipsy cart—I told him I should take him into custody for violently assaulting a man in Wood Lane and attempting to rob him that evening—he said "You are mistaken, I am not the man; I have not been near the place"—afterwards, on the way to the station, he said he had been in company with a woman who gave him a pint of beer at the Load of Hay beershop, at Stanmore—he after
<lb/>wards said "I was in Wood Lane with the man, and gave him a ride, and we both fell off the horse, but I am not the man that committed the assault"—I found blood marks on the front of his shirt, and on the toe and seam of his right boot, which I produce.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I had taken my horse to the farrier's at Stanmore to have a set foot taken off, and the blood came from that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I have been informed that he did take his horse there, but the veterinary surgeon said that no blood could reach him from that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The horse chucked the pair of us off into the road, and that was how he came by the injury. As for kicking him, I never touched him, and never attempted to rob him. Is it likely I should do it within 100 yards of two houses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-569-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-569-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-569-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-569-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-569-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-569-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-569-18720819 t18720819-569-punishment-14"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-570">
<interp inst="t18720819-570" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-570" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-570-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-570-18720819 t18720819-570-offence-1 t18720819-570-verdict-1"/>
<p>570.
<persName id="def1-570-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-570-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18720819" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18720819" type="surname" value="MADIGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-570-18720819" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY MADIGAN</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-570-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-570-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-570-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-89" type="surname" value="GIFFARD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-89" type="given" value="HARRY"/>MR. HARRY GIFFARD</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-570-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-570-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-570-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-571">
<interp inst="t18720819-571" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-571" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-571-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-18720819 t18720819-571-offence-1 t18720819-571-verdict-1"/>
<p>571.
<persName id="def1-571-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-571-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18720819" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18720819" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-571-18720819" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH PEARSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-571-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-571-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-571-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in her possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-91" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-91" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). About 4 o'clock on 18th July, I was in Cheapside—I saw the prisoner with a man, their conduct was suspicious, and I watched them—when I first saw them one was a little in front of the other—they proceeded a little way up Cheapside, and I missed the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190016"/>
<p>—the man was waiting by the pavement—she returned with a little paper bag, as if containing confectionery—they walked slowly into St. Paul's Churchyard, until they arrived at the end of Paul's Chain—they remained there talking, and something appeared to pass from the man to the prisoner—I passed them two or three steps, and then the woman left the man—I turned back and she went down Paul's Chain—I followed, and found her running very fast—I pursued her—she turned up Carter Lane, along Knight
<lb/>rider Street, into Bennet's Hill—as I passed No. 19, Leadbeater said "She has thrown something away—I caught her on Bennet's Hill—Leadbeater pointed to the area of No. 19, and said "She has thrown something down there"—I left her in the charge of a constable, and went down into the basement of No. 19, with Leadbeater, and in the area we found this black bag and five counterfeit half-crowns, wrapped separately in tissue paper—I then went back with Leadbeater, and told the prisoner I should charge her with unlawful possession of counterfeit money—she became violent, and made use of beastly expressions—I marked the half-crowns in her presence—I asked her if she was desirous of saying where she lived, and who the man was, and she said "No."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-92" type="surname" value="LEADBEATER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-92" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LEADBEATER</persName> </hi>. I am porter at the Swan with Two Necks, Carter Lane—about 4 o'clock p.m., on 18th July, I saw the prisoner running down Paul's Chain and Bennet's Hill, where I saw her throw something down the area of No. 19, which rattled against the window—I went with Smith and picked up the bag and money—I returned to the station with Smith, and told the prisoner I had seen her throw something down the area—she said that she did not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-93" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-93" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am daughter of the housekeeper of 19, Bennet's Hill—Smith and Leadbeater came down into the kitchen, and I saw them pick something out of the area—there was nothing there when I unclosed the shutters, about an hour before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-94" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ARNOLD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 454). On the afternoon of 18th July I was at the bottom of Bennet's Hill—I took the prisoner in custody, and took her to the station, where she was charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-95" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these coins are all bad, and from the same mould—the date is 1818.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>: I never saw the half-crowns.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-571-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-571-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-571-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-571-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-571-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-571-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-571-18720819 t18720819-571-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-572">
<interp inst="t18720819-572" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-572" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-572-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-18720819 t18720819-572-offence-1 t18720819-572-verdict-1"/>
<p>572.
<persName id="def1-572-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-572-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18720819" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18720819" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-572-18720819" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ANDERSON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-572-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-572-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-572-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a counterfeit half-sovereign.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">After the commencement of the case</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he could not withstand the evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-572-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-572-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-572-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-572-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-572-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-572-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-572-18720819 t18720819-572-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-573">
<interp inst="t18720819-573" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-573" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-573-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-573-18720819 t18720819-573-offence-1 t18720819-573-verdict-1"/>
<p>573.
<persName id="def1-573-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-573-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18720819" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18720819" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-573-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TURNER</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-573-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-573-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-573-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-98" type="surname" value="MERRILL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-98" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MERRILL</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of Queen's Terrace, York Road, St. Pancras—on Saturday, 29th June, the prisoner came in for a 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. bottle of citrate of magnesia—my assistant served him—the prisoner tendered a florin, and I saw the assistant give him change—the prisoner left the shop—the assistant handed me the florin, and I found it was bad—on Saturday,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190017"/>
<p>20th July, the prisoner came in again for the same article—I recognised him—he tendered a bad florin—I accused him of having tendered that and one previously—he seemed very much confused, and wanted to refund the money, but I gave him in charge with the florins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I don't recollect that I had seen him before—I was within about two yards of my assistant, waiting on another customer—there were probably four or five customers in the shop, but I am in the habit of watching my assistants to see that the things are properly made up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-99" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-99" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a turncock—on Sunday, 21st July, I was going along the Camden Road, about 4.40 in the morning, and found this florin alongside the tramway, which I gave to Detective Dalton the following morning—I broke it with my teeth—I pointed the spot out to Dalton and to
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi> 450.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I met the police on Monday morning—I had seen them before times out of number; I always meet them on their usual duty, and get into conversation with them—they are not friends of mine; I generally speak to them and pass the time of day with them—one of them addressed me first—I showed him the florin, and told him I had found it, and where I had picked it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-100" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DALTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Y</hi>). About 5.30 on 22nd August I received a coin from the last witness—he pointed out a spot to me—the place where the coin was found was on the way to the station from Mr. Merrill's shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was on duty, and met the turncock in Tuffnell Park—he said, "I have picked up a florin"—I might have said something to him before, but not about the florin—he handed it to me from his pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-101" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-101" type="given" value="FREDERIC"/>FREDERIC CLARKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 450). I produced two counterfeit coins I received from Mr. Merrill, and also a broken one from the last witness—I went to the place where that coin was said to be found—it was between Mr. Merrill's house and the station, within four yards of where I passed with the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The turncock pointed out the exact spot to me—the two coins were produced at the station, and I wrapped them in paper and put them by themselves in a drawer—the prosecutor said first it was a half-crown that was passed, but at the station he said that it was a florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-102" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The unbroken florins are both bad—the broken one is also bad, and from the same mould as the two uttered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-103" type="surname" value="CHEESEWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-103" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES CHEESEWRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Newport Court, St. Martin's Lane—I am a sign writer and decorator—on Saturday, 29th June, I was at the prisoner's place, 23, Bedfordbury—he was going to open that place as a greengrocer, and I was employed to do some carpenter's work and white
<lb/>washing, which I began on the 27th June—the prisoner went out about 10 o'clock on the Saturday morning, and returned about 3.30—he stopped with me till 10.30, and we then went out together—he was helping me, holding some wood while I was planing it—we went into the Corner Pin and had some beer—I stayed with him there till 10.45, and then he went towards his own home.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am in general employ as a decorator—I was working at Mr. York's, oil and colourman, the Saturday before that—I don't know where I was the Saturday after—I don't often work up to 10.30 at night, but he said he wanted to open the shop as soon as possible—I used to sell
<hi rend="italic">taters</hi> last winter—the prisoner was never out of my sight between 3 o'clock</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190018"/>
<p>and 10.30—I mean to say I was with him after 6 o'clock—I had known him before—he paid me 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on 29th June—he owes me 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-104" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-104" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HOLMES</persName> </hi>. I am a laundress, and live at 2, Neate Street, Dean Street, Soho—on 29th June I called at the prisoner's place to receive some money for washing which I had done—he was working with Cheesewright—he said his wife would be in in a moment—I went from time to time to see his wife—it was past 9 o'clock the last time I went, and he was still at work—I know it was the 29th, because I called on the Sunday morning to see his wife, and then I received some money from her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-573-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-573-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-573-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-574">
<interp inst="t18720819-574" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-574" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-574-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-18720819 t18720819-574-offence-1 t18720819-574-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-574-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-574-18720819 t18720819-574-offence-1 t18720819-574-verdict-1"/>
<p>574.
<persName id="def1-574-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-574-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18720819" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18720819" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-574-18720819" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ALLEN</hi> (16)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-574-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-574-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-574-18720819" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-574-18720819" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def2-574-18720819" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOLOMON JONES</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-574-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-574-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-574-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-107" type="surname" value="DICKEY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-107" type="given" value="FREDERICK RANDALL"/>FREDERICK RANDALL DICKEY</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Oxford Arms, West
<lb/>minster Bridge Road—on 10th July, at 11.45 at night, the prisoner Jones came into our house—I saw my barman, George Skinner, serve him—I know Jones by the name of Shoal—he paid for it—he afterwards called for a screw of tobacco—and tendered a coin; the barman brought it over to me—it was a bad shilling—he was given into custody, taken before a Magistrate, re
<lb/>manded, and discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-108" type="surname" value="PHELAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-108" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PHELAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer L</hi>). On 10th July I took Jones for uttering a counterfeit shilling at the last witness's house—I produce the shilling which I got from Barker—he took it from the prisoner and marked it—Jones was discharged on 17th July—he gave the name of Stephen Shoal then—6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was found upon him, a half-crown and all the rest sixpences, and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-109" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-109" type="surname" value="SILK"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-109" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SILK</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and keep a pork shop at 246, Westminster Bridge Road—on 9th July the prisoner Allen came into my shop for ¼ lb. of lard—he gave me a half-crown—I handed it to my brother and found it was bad—a constable was called and the prisoner was given into custody with the half-crown—it was never out of my sight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-110" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-110" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BARKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman L</hi> 160). I took Allen at the last witness's shop, and received a bad half-crown, which I produce—the prisoner was remanded, and on 17th July discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-111" type="surname" value="CHAMBERLAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-111" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CHAMBERLAYNE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Prince of Wales, Villiers Street, Strand—on Monday evening, 22nd July, the prisoners came in together between 6.30 and 7 o'clock—one of them asked for a pint of 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. half-and-half—he tendered a florin to the barman—the other one asked for a pennyworth of tobacco, and said "Don't take for the tobacco out of that, I will pay for it"—my barman took up the florin, broke a piece out of it, and gave it to me—I said "Here is another bad one," and asked the man who tendered it where he got it from—he said "From the Rising Sun"—I said "From Scotland Yard, close to me"—he said "Yes"—I said "You must satisfy me you got it from there before I allow you to depart"—he afterwards said he got it in the Westminster Bridge Road—I gave them both in custody—the one who had not passed it said that he could prove where the other got it from.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not gay before the Magistrate "I asked if it was the Rising Sun in Scotland Yard, and he said 'No; in the Blackfriars Road'"—I believe my statement was read over to me before the Magistrate—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190019"/>
<p>signed it—I did not notice that that was left out; I have told you that he told me he took it from the Rising Sun, I said "Where, in Scotland Yard," and he said "Yes"—and, after I said I should detain him, he said it was the Blackfriars Road—I believe he said he did not know it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-112" type="surname" value="STRAWBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-112" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED STRAWBRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am barman to the last witness, and was present when the two prisoners came in on 22nd July—Allen asked for a pint of 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. ale—he put down a florin, and while I went to get him the change the other called for a screw of tobacco and put down a penny, and said "I will pay for the screw of tobacco"—I found it was a bad florin—I broke it in two pieces and gave it to Mr. Chamberlayne, and they were given in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Jones put down the penny for the tobacco after Allen had put down the florin and before I found it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-113" type="surname" value="FURNESS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FURNESS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 291). I was called to the public-house, Mr. Chamberlayne's, and took the prisoners for uttering bad money—they said nothing—I found 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on Jones—I received this counterfeit coin from Mr. Chamberlayne.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I believe Allen stated, in answer to the charge, that he did not know it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-114" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-114" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad florin, a bad half-crown, and a bad shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-574-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-574-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-574-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-574-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-574-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-574-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-574-18720819 t18720819-574-punishment-17"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-574-18720819 t18720819-574-punishment-17"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-575">
<interp inst="t18720819-575" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-575-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-18720819 t18720819-575-offence-1 t18720819-575-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-575-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-575-18720819 t18720819-575-offence-1 t18720819-575-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-575-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-575-18720819 t18720819-575-offence-1 t18720819-575-verdict-1"/>
<p>575.
<persName id="def1-575-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-575-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18720819" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18720819" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-575-18720819" type="given" value="JOSHUA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSHUA TAYLOR</hi> (35)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-575-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-575-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-575-18720819" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-575-18720819" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def2-575-18720819" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL TAYLOR</hi> (26)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-575-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-575-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-575-18720819" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-575-18720819" type="surname" value="KENYON"/>
<interp inst="def3-575-18720819" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER KENYON</hi> (26)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18720819-575-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-575-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Joshua Taylor and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CHARLES MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Samuel Taylor.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-118" type="surname" value="LEWTAS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-118" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH LEWTAS</persName> </hi>. I assist my uncle, a confectioner, at 409, Oxford Street—on 3rd July, Kenyon came and asked for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of choco
<lb/>late—he tendered a florin—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I put the florin on the counter—a detective came in—I tried it and it broke—I gave it to the detective.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATTHEWS</hi>. After I put the coin on the counter, I put it in the till.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-119" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-119" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GOULD</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Duke's Head, Reeves' Mews, Grosvenor Square—on 3rd July, Kenyon came in about 12.45, and asked for a half-quartern of gin, which was 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered a florin—Cham
<lb/>berlain came in and said in the prisoner's presence, "Is that a good 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece?"—I took it out of the till, tried it and it broke—I gave it to Cham
<lb/>berlain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Kenyon. Q.</hi> What did you do with the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Put it in the till—I was going to give the change when Chamberlain came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-120" type="surname" value="CAHAMBERLAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CAHAMBERLAIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). About 12 o'clock on 3rd July I was with Fisher in Oxford Street, in plain clothes—I saw the three prisoners just about Arthur Street—the two Taylors were in a pony barrow; Joshua was driving—Kenyon was walking on the footway, about 10 yards behind the trap—Samuel Taylor pointed towards the Metropolitan Coffee House—Kenyon looked in, but did not go in—the Taylors drove on westward, and Kenyon followed, about 15 or 20 yards behind—when the Taylors got opposite 419 they
<hi rend="italic">slowed</hi> again, and both looked round—Samuel pointed out the confectioner's shop and Kenyon went in—I saw him throw down a florin and receive some change—as he came out I went in—I was a florin, which I broke, and produce here to-day—Kenyon then</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190020"/>
<p>barrow between the other two, and they drove on down Regent Street, through Hanover Square into Bruton Street—they went about 20 yards towards the Coach and Horses—Samuel Kenyon and Taylor came back and looked into the Coach and Horses—they did not go in, but got into the cart again and drove to Grosvenor Square—they stopped—Kenyon got out, and went down South Audley Street and Reeves' Mews into the Duke's Head—we followed him—he asked for a half-quartern of gin cold—I saw him put down a florin, and the landlord took it up—I asked the landlord in the prisoner's presence if it was good—he put it in his teeth, and broke it in three pieces—I produce it—I told Kenyon I was a detective, and we should take him into custody for passing a coin in Oxford Street—I handed him over to C 83—I and Fisher went to Grosvenor Square, where the two Taylors were waiting with the barrow—I went to where Samuel Taylor was sitting, and said "I shall take you for being concerned with another in passing bad money"—as soon as I mentioned that, he put his finger into his waistcoat pocket, and put something into his mouth—I pulled him out of the cart and threw him on his back—I asked a coachman who was there to assist me, and the potman—I could see a florin in his mouth—it was in paper—I should think there were four or five pieces—I had hold of him by the throat—the coachman put his fingers in his mouth, and he bit him—I found that he was turning black in the face, and I could feel the coins in his throat; in fact, I could see them go down—he turned round and said "You have not got them, have you?" and he spit out some tissue paper and some blood with it—I tried to pick it up; he struggled and I could not—he was then taken in custody—he was very violent, and I and Walker got hold of him—he was taken to the police station and searched, and on him I found 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver, good; 22 sixpences, one florin, 24 penny pieces, and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in gold—on Kenyon was found a florin, a half-crown, and a half-sovereign.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATTHEWS</hi>. I forced his mouth open and saw some coins in it—there were four or five, there might have been five or six—I believe they were florins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-121" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-121" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD FISHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I was with Chamberlain in Oxford Street, and saw the two Taylors in the cart, and Kenyon walking behind it—what Chamberlain stated is correct—I took Joshua, and Chamberlain took Samuel—he was pulled out of the cart—after I took hold of Joshua, he said "I have not got any about me"—I said "What?"—he said "Bad money"—I said "I didn't say you had;" I had not charged him then—I told him I should take him for being concerned in passing bad money—he said "You didn't see me pass any"—I took him to the station—he handed me a purse containing 27 sovereigns and 6 half-sovereigns—I found in his right-hand trousers pocket 10 shillings, 26 sixpences, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in bronze—I asked him if he knew how much there was there, and he said "I do not; I will count it"—I said I would count it myself—when Kenyon came out of the confectioner's and got into the cart between the Taylors, I saw him pass something to Joshua, which he put into his right-hand trousers pocket, whence I took out the small money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATTHEWS</hi>. When I caught hold of Joshua he said he had no bad money about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-122" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SIMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 83). I took Kenyon at the Duke's Head—on the way to the station he said "It is a shame I should be treated like this; they don't treat people like that in America."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-123" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-123" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER PALMER</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Duke's Head—I was present when the officer took Kenyon—he asked me to assist him—I went with him into Grosvenor Squre, and saw the two Taylors in a cart—I saw Chamber
<lb/>lain seize Samuel, and I also took hold of him—I saw him take something from his right-hand trousers pocket and put it into his mouth—it was wrapped up in paper—when he got up I saw blood run from his mouth, and he spat up some tissue paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-124" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-124" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WALKER</persName> </hi>. I was coachman to the Duke of St. Alban's—I was standing opposite Reeves' Mews when I saw Chamberlain on the ground with Samuel Taylor—they said they were two police officers and wanted our assistance—I caught hold of Taylor by the collar, and saw him take something from his pocket and put it into his mouth when he was first caught hold of—I could not say what it was—I put my fingers into his mouth and had some skin knocked off, but not much—he spat out some blood and a kind of paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-125" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-126" type="surname" value="BRANNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-126" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRANNAN</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">senior, gave Joshua Taylor a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-575-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-575-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18720819-575-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-575-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury recommended Joshua Taylor to mercy on account of his good character.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Kenyon was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-127" type="surname" value="KINNOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM KINNOCK</persName> </hi>. I am warden at the Middlesex House of Detention—I was present at the Middlesex Sessions in March, 1866, when Kenyon was tried for felony.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-128" type="surname" value="AGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE AGAR</persName> </hi>. I am warder of Holloway Prison. I was present at the Middlesex Sessions in March, 1866, when Kenyon was tried and convicted, in the name of
<persName id="t18720819-name-129">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-129" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-129" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James Turner</persName>, for sheep-stealing, and was sentenced tofive years' penal servitude.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.*</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">KENYON</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-575-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-575-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-575-18720819 t18720819-575-punishment-18"/>Two years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHUA TAYLOR</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-575-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-575-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-575-18720819 t18720819-575-punishment-19"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL TAYLOR</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-575-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-575-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-575-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-575-18720819 t18720819-575-punishment-20"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Hannen.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-576">
<interp inst="t18720819-576" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-576" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-576-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-576-18720819 t18720819-576-offence-1 t18720819-576-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-576-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-576-18720819 t18720819-576-offence-1 t18720819-576-verdict-1"/>
<p>576.
<persName id="def1-576-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-576-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18720819" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18720819" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-576-18720819" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORRIS WELCH</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-576-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-576-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-576-18720819" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-576-18720819" type="surname" value="FINNIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-576-18720819" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED FINNIS</hi> (20)</persName>, were in
<lb/>dicted for
<rs id="t18720819-576-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-576-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-576-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> a rape upon
<persName id="t18720819-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-132" type="surname" value="REGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-132" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-576-offence-1 t18720819-name-132"/>Bridget Regan</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DE MICHELE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">In this case the offence was alleged to have been committed while the prosecu
<lb/>trix was in an unconscious state from intoxication.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE HANNEN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in leaving the case to the Jury, stated that if they were of opinion that the pri
<lb/>soners, seeing the woman intoxicated, thought that, from that circumstance, she would be more likely to be a consenting party, and did not use, or intend to use, force, that would not be a rape, but if she was so helplessly drunk at to be in
<lb/>capable of thought or feeling when the offence was committed, the prisoners would be guilty.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-576-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-576-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-576-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, July</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Quain.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-577">
<interp inst="t18720819-577" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-577" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-577-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-577-18720819 t18720819-577-offence-1 t18720819-577-verdict-1"/>
<p>577.
<persName id="def1-577-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-577-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18720819" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18720819" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="def1-577-18720819" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANNIE WHEELER</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-577-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-577-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-577-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, was charged, on the Coroner's Inquisition only, with feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18720819-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-134" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-134" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-577-offence-1 t18720819-name-134"/>Sarah Ann Nash</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PLATT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, stated that as the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAND JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">had ignored the bill, he should not offer any evidence on the Inquisition.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-577-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-577-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-577-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-578">
<interp inst="t18720819-578" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-578" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-578-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-18720819 t18720819-578-offence-1 t18720819-578-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190022"/>
<p>578.
<persName id="def1-578-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-578-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18720819" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18720819" type="surname" value="PLASTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-578-18720819" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES PLASTER</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-578-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-578-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-578-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18720819-name-136" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-136" type="surname" value="LEARY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-136" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-578-offence-1 t18720819-name-136"/>Michael Leary</persName>, with intent to murder him.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LATIMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MATTHEWS</hi>, Jun.,
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-137" type="surname" value="LEARY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-137" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL LEARY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, living at 28, London Terrace, Commercial Road East—on Friday evening, the 21st June last, I was near Spitalfields Church at about 7.30, when I saw the prisoner strike a woman in the face with his first—he struck her four or five times—I went up to him, and, taking him by the collar, said that if he struck her again I should strike him—he said "You would, would you?" and, at the same time, he put his hand into his right trousers pocket and withdrew something—he then made a blow at me with a knife, and as he did so, I turned on one side, and, instead of the knife catching me in the stomach, it caught me in the groin—he then ran away, and I called out "Police! stop him!"—I caught hold of the wound to keep it together and stop the bleeding, and some time afterwards I was placed in a milk-cart and taken to a hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I had a stick in my hand at the time, of about 1 1/2, in. in thickness—it was a roller, such as is commonly used in drapers' shops for ribbons—I might have struck the prisoner with my fist at I
<hi rend="italic">grabbed</hi> him by the collar—I said when before the Magistrates that the prisoner struck the woman three or four times—I can't say whether my evidence was correctly given in the depositions—I don't understand their writing—after I saw him strike the woman, in the first instance, I followed him, and when he struck her again, I interfered—I believe he would have struck her more, and he might have used the knife if I had not gone to him—when he struck at me I felt myself hurt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> He was a stranger to me—I can't say what became of the woman—I became insensible almost immediately after I was stabbed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-138" type="surname" value="BAREHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-138" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BAREHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 242). I was on duty in Commercial Street, and saw the prisoner about 8.30, having some words with a woman; his wife, I believe—I afterwards saw him strike her, and almost immediately the prosecutor went to him, and took hold of his collar—the prisoner then went backwards, and drew something from his pocket; then he rushed at the prosecutor, and struck him an upward blow, and the man fell back—the prisoner ran away, and was stopped by another constable—on the way to the police-station, he took a knife from his pocket and tried to drop it behind him, but I took it, however, from his hand, and I now produce it—it was wet with blood—I saw the prisoner strike the woman but once only.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see Leary strike the prisoner, but I saw him take the man by the collar as if to prevent him striking the woman again—he might have struck a blow when he caught hold of the collar—it might have been a blow and a catch at the same time—Leary had a small roller in his left hand—the prisoner appeared to be drunk, and very much excited.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. S. A. GILL</hi>. I was house surgeon at the London Hospital when the prosecutor was brought in on 21st June—he was suffering from a wound in his left groin, two inches deep and an inch long—it was a cleanly cut wound, and an artery was bleeding very much—it is a severe wound, and dangerous—a great deal of force must have been used to cause it, as the knife went through the trousers and shirt and two inches into the thigh—he was in danger for several days.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The wound was where there are a number of arteries and muscles, in the upper part of the thigh.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">F. KEENE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 163). I was in the Commercial Street on the evening in question, and saw the prosecutor fall back and the prisoner run away—I picked the man up, put him into a cart, and took him to the hos
<lb/>pital—at the station the prisoner said that the prosecutor had interfered between himself and his wife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. BURROW</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman HR</hi> 23). I stopped the prisoner as he was run
<lb/>ning away, and took him to the station—on the way there he took some
<lb/>thing from his sleeve and passed it behind him—I told a constable to see what it was, and "he found it to be a knife, wet with blood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was very much excited.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I had been drinking. 'The prosecutor struck me as he held me by the collar. He hit me across the head with a stick. I hope you will be lenient with me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18720819-578-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-578-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-578-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the second count.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-578-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-578-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-578-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-578-18720819 t18720819-578-punishment-21"/>Three Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-579">
<interp inst="t18720819-579" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-579" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-579-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-579-18720819 t18720819-579-offence-1 t18720819-579-verdict-1"/>
<p>579.
<persName id="def1-579-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-579-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18720819" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18720819" type="surname" value="DRAPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-579-18720819" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH DRAPER</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-579-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-579-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-579-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18720819-name-140" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-140" type="surname" value="FEATHERSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-579-offence-1 t18720819-name-140"/>William Featherstone. He</persName> was
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with, the like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LATIMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BARNARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-141" type="surname" value="PENFOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-141" type="given" value="RICHARD DAVID"/>RICHARD DAVID PENFOLD</persName> </hi>. I live in Warner Street, and on the afternoon of Saturday, 13th July, was in the Caledonian Road—when about 100 yards from the railway station I saw a waggon and three horses coming along from king's Cross towards Holloway—it was a waggon such as is used by market gardeners to bring their produce to market—it was laden with manure, and the prisoner was sitting on the top, apparently asleep—stand
<lb/>ing by the pavement was a pony and van, and the deceased was near to it in the act of posting a bill on a hoarding—I called out twice to the prisoner, but he took no notice, and almost instantly the waggon came in contact with the van, and upset it on the pavement—the deceased ran to the pony's head as if to save it, when he was knocked down, and fell close to the near wheel of the waggon—the wheel went over his left arm—he was soon afterwards taken to the hospital—the prisoner seemed to be re
<lb/>clining on the manure, and made no effort to stop his horses—I don't believe he knew at the time that he had ran over a man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I was examined at the Police Court, and also before the Coroner—I was not asked how far the waggon proceeded before it was stopped—it went at least twenty yards—there was a distance of about eight yards when I first saw the waggon coming towards the van—it is a wide road—it happened about 2.30 in the afternoon—I was crossing over. to the middle of the road at the time—there was no other vehicle near—I had been reading an excursion bill just before, and did not notice the waggon until it had got within about a dozen yards of the van—I don't know a Mr. Soaper, and no such a person has ever examined me—I have no interest in the matter, and wish I had not seen it—I can't say whether Featherstone's widow has commenced an action against the owner of the waggon—the deceased's van and pony were standing close to the kerb—I can't tell bow the deceased got under the van—he was about a yard and a half from the pony's head when the van was struck, and had the side of his face towards me—there is a slight incline in the road near the station.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Three carts came by soon afterwards—there was a man in the van when it was knocked over—the horses were going at about two miles an hour, and there was ample room for them to have gone by had the prisoner exercised proper control over them—I see plenty of men asleep on waggons on a market morning—there were about four tons of manure in the waggon, and it did make a great noise as it came along.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-142" type="surname" value="SHELDON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-142" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SHELDON</persName> </hi>. I live at 36, Gilbert Street, Clare Market, and am a hammerman—on Saturday, the 13th July, the deceased asked me to take a drive with him, as he had to go to the Caledonian Road and stick some bills for his employer—he had about an hour's work to do in the road and at the station, and his pony and trap were drawn up close to the kerb—the de
<lb/>ceased was engaged in sticking the first bill when a waggon came by and knocked the trap and myself over on to the pavement—I fell under the trap with my legs near to the pony's, and it was two or three minutes before I could get up—the first horse had pulled in on the near side, and the wag
<lb/>gon was thus brought into contact—the deceased took hold of the pony's head with the intention of saving it, as well as myself, from injury, when he fell beneath the waggon, and one of the wheels went over his arm—I helped to pick him up his arm was all over blood, and had been rolled about—the waggon went on fifteen or twenty yards before it stopped.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I sang out to the waggoner "Hold hard," and just as I had said that the waggon and the van collided—I did not see the prisoner get down, but he remained in the same position till the waggon was stopped by a constable—Mr. Benn was the deceased's employer, and the pony and van belonged to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you see Penfold?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he took the pony home—I did not hear him call out twice—it was all done in a moment—I was looking at the deceased sticking the bill when the waggon came up—the deceased when picked up was lying full stretch on his side and bleeding—he had been rolled over in the mud—it was his left arm that was injured—the horses in the waggon were merely coming at a walking pace—when I got up the waggon had been turned round—it was fifteen or twenty yards off when I got up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. VORES</hi>. I was the resident medical officer at the Royal Free Hos
<lb/>pital when the deceased was brought in—he was suffering from a frac
<lb/>ture of the left humerus—the bone was broken obliquely above the elbow, and a part of it was projecting—the elbow-joint was-laid open—the injury was so serious that we advised amputation—there was both a com
<lb/>pound and a comminuted fracture—the bone was crushed and penetrating through the skin—the deceased refused for a week to have his arm ampu
<lb/>tated—it was necessary in order to save his life—he refused after having consulted his friend—we put some lint on it to keep the injury from the air, and he carried his arm in a sling—the arm was amputated a week after
<lb/>wards—when he refused I sent to Mr. Gant, the surgeon of the week, and he saw the man and advised him to give his assent—afterwards the arm was put upon a splint and the man lay in bed—Mr. Gant said that amputa
<lb/>tion was absolutely necessary, as the joint was seriously injured—when we told him a week afterwards that his life was in actual danger he assented, and the limb was removed—we told him that it was positively certain he could not recover until he had the arm amputated—we told him as plainly as we could that it was a dangerous thing not to have his arm removed—the deceased died of pyæia, or blood-poisoning—there was a lot of inflame
<lb/>mation</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190025"/>
<p>and suppuration set in, and the consequence was that some of the decomposed matter became absorbed into the veins, and so poisoned the blood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> If the deceased had been guided by Mr. Gant and myself his life would most assuredly have been saved—if he had taken our advice he would have recovered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-143" type="surname" value="FEATHERSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-143" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH FEATHERSTONE</persName> </hi>. I am the widow of the deceased—I had some conversation with him in the hospital on the day after the occurrence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-144" type="surname" value="FIELDING"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-144" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS FIELDING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 434). I was in the Caledonian Road about the time the man was injured—I bandaged his arm and removed him to the hospital—another policeman had stopped the waggon.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The waggon was about fourteen or fifteen feet from the spot when I arrived—it had been turned round by a policeman—the prisoner was charged before the Magistrate with being asleep in the waggon, but the case was dismissed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">R.D. PENFOLD</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). The van was standing about 100 yards from the Pocock Arms, nearer London—it is not true that there were four or five builders' carts and an omnibus passing at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-145" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MITCHELL</persName> </hi>. I live at Bonder's End—the prisoner has been in my employ for two years—he left with his waggon, on Friday night, to go to Covent Garden Market with a load of garden produce, and should have got back about 6 o'clock on the Saturday with a load of manure—he went to bed for five or six hours before he started, but would have been at work all night, and for seventeen hours at a stretch—he is a man with a very good character, a steady man with a large family.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18720819-579-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-579-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-579-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy on account of hit good character, and the number of hours he was at work without sleep.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BARNARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">applied for a case to be reserved on the point at to whether the deceased had not brought about his death by refusing to have his arm amputated, when he was told that it was absolutely necessary if his life was to be saved.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">after consideration, refused the application.—
<rs id="t18720819-579-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-579-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-579-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-579-18720819 t18720819-579-punishment-22"/>Three Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-580">
<interp inst="t18720819-580" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-580" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-580-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-580-18720819 t18720819-580-offence-1 t18720819-580-verdict-1"/>
<p>580.
<persName id="def1-580-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-580-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18720819" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18720819" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-580-18720819" type="given" value="FRANK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANK FISHER</hi> (35)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18720819-580-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-580-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-580-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18720819-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-147" type="surname" value="SALT"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-147" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-580-offence-1 t18720819-name-147"/>Richard Salt</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ST. AUBYN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">intimated, at the outset, that the evidence could only support a charge of manslaughter, and like prisoner</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADING GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to that charge, the Jury found a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18720819-580-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-580-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-580-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of manslaughter.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.—
<rs id="t18720819-580-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-580-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-580-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-580-18720819 t18720819-580-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-581">
<interp inst="t18720819-581" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-581" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-581-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-18720819 t18720819-581-offence-1 t18720819-581-verdict-1"/>
<p>581.
<persName id="def1-581-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-581-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18720819" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18720819" type="surname" value="VENABLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-581-18720819" type="given" value="LYDIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LYDIA VENABLES</hi> (26)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18720819-581-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-581-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-581-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18720819-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-149" type="surname" value="VENABLES"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-149" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-581-offence-1 t18720819-name-149"/>Eliza Venables</persName>; she was also charged on the Coroner's Inquisition with the like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-150" type="surname" value="GILES"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-150" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA GILES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Edwin Giles, and lodged with the pri
<lb/>soner, at No. 67, Roman Road, Barnsbuty—she lived there six or eight weeks with a man named Chatterton and his child—she was a widow, and had a child of three years, named Eliza—about 7.15 on the evening of 13th August, I heard Chatterton go out, after tea, and he remained away about an hour and a half—he then returned, but did not stay long—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190026"/>
<p>prisoner soon afterwards fetched some beer, and then shut the door of her own room—I was going to bed, about 9.20, when I heard Chatterton's little girl, of eight, crying out "Oh, mother! don't, mother!" and the prisoner replied "I will"—I thought she was going to correct the children by beat
<lb/>ing them—I listened, and whilst so doing, the prisoner opened the door, and said "I have done it, I have done it; no one has done it but me; come in and see"—I thought she was alluding to something about the weather, and I observed "Yes, ma'am, it has been a beautiful day; are you better?" when she again said "I have done it; come in and see"—I went into her room, and saw her standing with her left hand over her child's mouth, and her right hand was on the door—the child was on the bed, bed just behind the door—I saw it breathe two or three times, and there was a large carving-knife on the pillow—the prisoner then took up the knife, and said "This is the knife I did it with; didn't you hear me sharpen it on the poker?"—I saw that the child's throat was cut, and I said "Oh, you base, wicked woman; what have you done it for?"—she replied "It is my child, and I have done it"—I ran to Chatterton's child, which was in another bed, and took it away, saying "I will see that you shan't harm this one"—she observed "I shall not touch her, she is his child, but this is mine"—the child's throat was cut from ear to ear—I had not heard any quarrelling between her and Chatterton previously.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>, There were two children in the room, one being the prisoner's, and the other the daughter of the man Chatterton—the prisoner was uniformly very kind to them—she was always singing to them, and paid them every attention and care—she treated them both equally kind—the man's child used to call her mother, just the same as her own child did—she used to be at home a good deal with them, and always conducted herself properly—I never saw anything wrong with her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-151" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-151" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am the landlady of the house—about 10 o'clock on the night in question I heard persons screaming upstairs, and, going up, found Mrs. Venables holding the door with her right hand, whilst the other was on the head of her child—she said "Mrs. Simpson, I have done it; she is happy now; is she quite dead? I have separated the beds; that is his child and this is mine"—the child's throat was cut, and an alarm was given—'had not observed anything peculiar about her—she had lodged in my house for about seven weeks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>. She was always very kind to both of the children—she appeared to be a very fond and affectionate mother, and always did her domestic duties in a proper manner—the man Chatterton and a fellow-cabman were summoned for furious driving, and that, I think, led to some unhappiness between him (
<hi rend="italic">Chatterton</hi>) and the prisoner—he was fined heavily—that led to some unfriendliness and unhappiness, as the woman became short of money in consequence—the man had pawned the things off his back, the woman her boots from her feet, and the children's shoes were taken in order to provide them with something for their Sunday's dinner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-152" type="surname" value="VERE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-152" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN VERE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 8). I was called into the house about 9.80, and on going upstairs to the second floor I found lying on a bed the body of a child, with its throat cut—it was quite dead—the prisoner was standing at the foot of the bed, and said "I have done it; I have killed my child; I will go with you; I will not run away"—she then pointed to the knife, and said "That is what I done it with; is my child dead?—said "Yes," and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190027"/>
<p>she observed "Thank God! she is better off; T have done it, and shall have to suffer for it"—I then sent for a surgeon, and took the prisoner down stairs, when she told me that her husband died about three years ago, that for sixteen months she had lived with a cabman named Alfred Chatterton as his wife; that he had ill-treated her occasionally; that they had quarrelled that evening, and he had slapped her in the face and gone out; that she said to him "I suppose you will not expect to find me here when you return;" when he answered "Go, and it will be a very good job too; take your child with you;" that preyed on her mind, and, knowing that she had no shelter for herself and child, caused her to do it—when she saw the knife she said "That is what I did it with; I sharpened it on the poker"—she was taken to the police-station, when I observed blood upon her hands, and there she repeated what she had previously said at the house—the man Chatterton was called as a witness before the Coroner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-153" type="surname" value="STRAITH"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY STRAITH</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, living at Barnsbury—I was called to the prisoner's lodging on the 13th August, and there I found a child with its throat cut—all the parts anterior to the spinal bone were separated—there was a great deal of blood—all the cartilages and everything down to the spinal bone had been separated.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The head of the child was nearly separated from its body.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-154" type="surname" value="CHATTERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-154" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CHATTERTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>). I am a married man, but my wife has deserted me—I have had a great deal of trouble in my time—my wife left me with two children to brine up—I met with the prisoner, who is a widow, and she has. lived with me lately—she has always been a steady, good woman, and attended to me when I was laid up with the rheumatic fever; she nursed me all through my illness as my wife—one of my children I put out to nurse at Kensington, but it died of scarlet fever, and, as I was afraid the other one would fall ill too, I had it home again; she is about eight years old, and the prisoner took every care of her, as if she was her own child—she had one child of her own, a little girl aged three years, and she was doatingly fond of them both; and a day scarcely passed but she bought them toys or something—I have had enough trouble to send a man mad; I gave way to it, arid it has all been through drink—lately I was fined by the Magistrate for furious driving, and I offered to help another man the next day who was fined 40
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the same offence—I and my mistress were three days on the loose; we were drinking from the Wednesday until the Saturday night—we had no money then, and she took her boots off for a friend, and the children's boots, too, and pledged them, in order that they might have some victuals on the Sunday; but all the day she and the children had only a bit of bread and butter, and I had to do as well as I could elsewhere—I had myself pledged my whip and cape for food and rent—on the day of the occurrence I came home and found she was out—I left word with the child to tell her mother that she ought to have stayed at home—I had heard that she was out with a cabman's wife whose company was objectionable, and I was very angry about it—I went out to look after her, and proceeded to the cab-rank—about 6.15 I came back and made the children some tea, and stopped at home till 7.15, when I left word that I was very angry indeed at her being out drinking with the woman—when I returned again I found her at home, and we had a fearful
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>, and I knocked her about a good deal then—I had ill-used her previously, and about four months before, I threatened to sell the furniture</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190028"/>
<p>—I told her we had better part, when she said she would turn over a new leaf; I told her what I would do if I caught her in the woman's company again—I was very angry, then, when I heard she had been in her company, and when I went home again about 8.30 or 8.45 we had a great
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> about it—I have a very violent temper, and I smacked her face—if God be my witness, I would give all the world to undo it; but it is done, and it cannot be helped—she gave me a look, and said "You won't find me here to-night"—I said, calling her a bad name, for I was in a frightful temper, "And a good job too; take your child with you, for she shall not stop here if you go out; if you go away, I will turn the child out"—I said this in order to keep her in—I then left again, and when I came back it was early in the morning—I usually go out about 9 in the morning, and do not reach home again probably till 2 or 3 next morning—I had done very well that night, and went back in a very good temper—I had no idea what had occurred, and the first I saw of it was a policeman standing on the top of the stairs; then I did not comprehend what had happened—somebody said that a child had been murdered, but I did not know whether it was my own or hers—I have since been to see her in the cells at the Police Court, at Clerkenwell, when she kissed my hand, but never spoke to me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18720819-581-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-581-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-581-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-581-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-581-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-581-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-581-18720819 t18720819-581-punishment-24"/>DEATH</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-582">
<interp inst="t18720819-582" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-582" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-582-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-582-18720819 t18720819-582-offence-1 t18720819-582-verdict-1"/>
<p>582.
<persName id="def1-582-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-582-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18720819" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18720819" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-582-18720819" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD DAVIS</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-582-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-582-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-582-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously and carnally knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18720819-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-156" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-156" type="surname" value="SWEETMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-156" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-582-offence-1 t18720819-name-156"/>Anne Sweetman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-582-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-582-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-582-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-582-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-582-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-582-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-582-18720819 t18720819-582-punishment-25"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Deputy Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-583">
<interp inst="t18720819-583" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-583" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-583-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-583-18720819 t18720819-583-offence-1 t18720819-583-verdict-1"/>
<p>583.
<persName id="def1-583-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-583-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18720819" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18720819" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-583-18720819" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CHANDLER</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-583-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-583-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-583-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18720819-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-158" type="surname" value="SHACKLEFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-158" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-583-offence-1 t18720819-name-158"/>Edward Shackleford</persName>, and stealing a waistcoat and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LANGFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-159" type="surname" value="SHACKLEFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-159" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SHACKLEFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, of Brunswick Court, Ber
<lb/>mondsey—about 12.30 or 12.45 on the morning of 25th July I was on Tower Hill—the prisoner and five or six other persons came up, and one of them asked me for a penny to get some tobacco—I refused, and one of them struck me and knocked me down—I got up, and was immediately knocked down again—I was knocked down three times—the third time the prisoner caught hold of me by the handkerchief, and dragged it from my neck—I was in my shirt-sleeves—in the scuffle my waistcoat was pulled off; I can't say who did it—I can swear the prisoner took the handkerchief from me, because I grasped him and looked him full in the face—I let go of him, and ran away home—I gave information to the policeman, but not that night—I had been to the Sun public-house on Tower Hill, and this occurred about forty yards from the Sun—I was perfectly sober—on the morning of 27th July I was in Billingsgate, and saw the prisoner there wearing my waist
<lb/>coat—I said "That is my waistcoat"—he said "If it is, you had better take it"—he threw it on the ground, and I picked it up—he said he picked it up in the scuffle—when the men came up I was talking to a man; he was not a friend of mine—I could find him at Billingsgate—I have been to the market several times, but have not seen him—I had left my coat in the stable where I work—I lost 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., my hat, and silk handkerchief, besides the waistcoat</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190029"/>
<p>—the prisoner did not say to me "What has become of my waistcoat," or that he had lost his—I believe he said it to the policeman—I have seen the prisoner in Billingsgate before—he offered me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to
<hi rend="italic">square</hi> it, but I said I would do nothing of the kind.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-160" type="surname" value="BODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-160" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BODMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 703). On the morning of 27th July I was on duty in Little Tower Street—about 3.30 in the afternoon Shackle-ford came up and said "I give this man in custody for stealing my waist
<lb/>coat, neckhandkerchief, hat, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., on Tower Hill last Tuesday morning," and that they had knocked him about very much—the prisoner said that he was there, and it was a drunken
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>—he offered him all the money he had, and said that he had lost his own waistcoat and had picked this one up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-583-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-583-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-583-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-584">
<interp inst="t18720819-584" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-584" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-584-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-18720819 t18720819-584-offence-1 t18720819-584-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-584-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-584-18720819 t18720819-584-offence-1 t18720819-584-verdict-1"/>
<p>584.
<persName id="def1-584-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-584-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-18720819" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-18720819" type="surname" value="MUNRO"/>
<interp inst="def1-584-18720819" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MUNRO</hi> (30)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-584-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-584-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-584-18720819" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-584-18720819" type="surname" value="SKETT"/>
<interp inst="def2-584-18720819" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SKETT</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-584-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-584-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-584-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a leather case, a portmanteau, and 150 boots, of the
<persName id="t18720819-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-163" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-584-offence-1 t18720819-name-163"/>Great Eastern Railway</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEADE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Skett.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-164" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-164" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller to Homan & Son, boot manufacturers—on 20th July I deposited two packages at the Shoreditch Station, Great Eastern Railway—one was a large leather case, locked, the other was a brown leather case with two straps, but no lock and key, about 2 ft. high, containing 150 or 160 boots—I applied for them on Monday morning, and found the one with two straps was gone—I have not seen it since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-165" type="surname" value="MYTTEN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-165" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MYTTEN</persName> </hi>. I am cloak-room attendant at the Bishopsgate Station—on 20th July, at 8.30 a.m., I took in two leather cases from Mr. Johnson, and gave him a ticket in the ordinary way—on the 22nd, when they were applied for, I found one and not the other—I gave one to Mr. Johnson, and wrote "One leather case delivered" on the ticket—the cloak-room is on the arrival platform, and is about one dozen yards from the barrier where the luggage is unloaded—the lost property office is next the cloak-room—the cloak-room is just round the angle of the building, where the cabs come up—the last train before 10 o'clock was due a 9.10—the cloak-room was full that morning, and the big case was standing outside the door—it was under our inspection—no one had a right to remove it without coming to the cloak-room first—a person would pass the cloak-room going to the refreshment-room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-166" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-166" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL HART</persName> </hi>. I am a cloak-room attendant at Shoreditch Station—it is my duty to place the parcels inside every night—I placed them inside at 10 o'clock which were standing between the cloak-room and the lost pro
<lb/>perty office—the 9.10 train had come in before that, and all the luggage had been cleared away—there was no luggage on the platform near where they stood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-167" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-167" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JONES</persName> </hi>. I am a cab-driver—on the night of 20th July, a little before 10 o'clock, I was on the cab-stand at Shoreditch Station—I saw the two prisoners coming from the direction of the cloak-room with a port
<lb/>manteau—they walked down the steps to my cab—it was a commercial traveller's leather case, fastened with two straps across—they were about ten yards from the cloak-room when I first saw them—they told me to drive to Moses & Son, Aldgate—they put the case inside the cab, and got in—when I got to Bishopsgate they told me to drive up Union Street and Brush
<lb/>field Street—Munro got out and ran before the cab, and told me to drive to the Princess Alice, on the left hand side of Commercial Street—Skett asked.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190030"/>
<p>me down to have a glass of ale, and we were there a few minutes, and Munro came back from Wentworth Street—he paid me my fare, and took the port
<lb/>manteau down Wentworth Street—I saw no more of it or them—I am sure the prisoners are the two men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Munro. Q.</hi> Where did you see me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Coming from the first archway, about ten yards from the cab—I did not see you take the portmanteau up—I was going six or seven miles an hour when you got out of the cab.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi>. The station is pretty well lighted—after Skett got into the cab I did not see him again till he got out at the public-house—I took particular notice of both of them when they got in—I thought it was very strange for Munro to get out of the cab whilst it was going along—I don't remember being mistaken as to identity before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> I went to the police-station and pointed them out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-168" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-168" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH RUSSELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G. E. R.</hi>) On 29th July I saw Munro in Middlesex Street, Petticoat Lane—I told him I wanted him for being concerned with another man in stealing a traveller's portmanteau from the Great Eastern Railway last Saturday week—he said "You have made a mis
<lb/>take, I have only just come up from the country"—I said "You answer the description of the man I want; you have to go to the station with me"—on the way to the station he said "I am only just come up from Chelms
<lb/>ford, what day of the month was last Saturday week?"—I told him I did not know—at the station he was placed with several others—I brought the cab
<lb/>man into the room, he went up and put his hand on Munro, and said "That is one of the two men—he was then charged, and the charge was read over to him—he said "I shall be able to prove that I was at Chelmsford, in bed in a house, from spitting blood, on the 19th, 20th, 21st, and 22nd"—I said "At what house?"—he said "The Two Brewers"—when he was before the Magistrate, on the day of his committal, he said "I shall be able to produce an officer to prove that I was in Springfield Gaol on the day that the port
<lb/>manteau was stolen"—there is a house in Chelmsford called the Two Brewers, and only one; that is kept by Mr. Fewell—on the 9th August I went to the City of Norwich public-house, Wentworth Street, with Mus
<lb/>grove—it is about 100 yards from the Princess Alice—Skett was in custody. then, and from what he told me I went to see some boxes—I found boxes which had been wrenched open at the lock, the locks broken, and the woodwork cut—I found this portmanteau, which is cut open at the end and round the lock—I directed three boxes and a portmanteau to be taken to the station there is a label on the portmanteau now, "Rotterdam to London by
<hi rend="largeCaps">G. E. R</hi>."—there were several Continental labels on it, which I took off—one was a registered label, and the other a
<hi rend="largeCaps">G. E. R</hi>. label, from Rotterdam to London.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-169" type="surname" value="MUSGROVE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-169" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MUSGROVE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 25). On 9th August I went to the City of Norwich public-house, Wentworth Street—I had been watching the house before I saw Skett go in—I went in and found him upstairs in bed—I had a great deal of trouble to get in—I told him the charge—he said lie knew nothing about it after I told him three times—I searched the room and found the portmanteau produced, and the three boxes—they were all broken open and the portmanteau bore the label of the great Eastern Railway—Skett said he knew nothing at all about them—they were in the room where he was in bed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-170" type="surname" value="FEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-170" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FEWELL</persName> </hi>. I am proprietor of the Two Brewers at Springfield, near Chelmsford—Munro did not stop in my house, I never saw him before—no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190031"/>
<p>one has been ill in my house for the last twelve months—he was not in my house in July—I don't know any other Two Brewers in Chelmsford—my house is a quarter of a mile from the railway Station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-171" type="surname" value="MCGORRERY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-171" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MCGORRERY</persName> </hi>. I am governor of Springfield Gaol—Munro was in the gaol and discharged on 19th July at 10 o'clock in the morning—I sent a messenger to the Station that if he wished to go away he was to have a ticket—he did have a ticket, and it was reported to me that he was in the train.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Munro. Q.</hi> During the time I was in the prison was I suffering from any bodily illness?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You were under treatment the greater part of the time—the surgeon said it was spitting of blood—I had your fare paid for going to London—you said you wished to walk home, the shaking of the carriage would make you spit blood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Munro's Defence.</hi> I must admit I must be under a mistake about the Two Brewers, but it was a house not far from the station. I went in the train, but I had to get out and go back to Chelmsford; a friend who could prove that I was in Chelmsford when the robbery was committed left London on Wednesday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-172" type="surname" value="GERRINGER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-172" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA GERRINGER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Adam Gerringer, who keeps the City of Norwich public-house, Wentworth Street—we have been there nineteen years—Skett has been a lodger there—he came first on 13th July, and he was with me four months all but two days—there were some boxes in the room when the police came—I have seen those boxes here and a port
<lb/>manteau—they have been in my house these four years—they were in the prisoner's room at the time he lodged there—I saw the prisoner on 20th July—about 7 o'clock he came in and paid me his lodgings, and he went into the bagatelle-room and remained there during the night, to the best of my knowledge—had he gone out I must have seen him, as I did not go out of the bar during the night, being one hand short.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Persons going to the bagatelle-room would have to pass the bar—my potman was serving in that room—he is still with me, but he is not here, as I could not spare him—the prisoner came out of the room once or twice, but I say he did not go out of the house—he did came out to the bar twice to a little window which is for serving—I served him, and he took the beer into the bagatelle-room, which is the parlour on the same floor as the bar—I have a servant, Catherine Ryan; she is outside—my husband is here—no one else was in the house—there were about half-a-dozen people in the parlour; some of them are here—the boxes were in the prisoner's bedroom for four years—my house is a house of call for journeymen bakers and butchers—the young men bring their boxes when they leave their situations, and they remained in my house—the young man who the portmanteau belonged to is named Hermann Faber—he re
<lb/>turned from Germany on 24th November last—I can't say exactly, but he took the portmanteau to Germany with him when he went to the war, and when he was discharged he returned to my place again, bringing that port
<lb/>manteau with him—he had lodged with me a long time—he went away in 1870, and took the portmanteau away then—I saw him there last Sunday—he is here to own his portmanteau—he brought his things in, the box when he came—the box remained in my house, and his things too—they ought to have been there when the police found it—the lock was broken—he said he had lost the key—it might have been cut all round by wear; it was a very old box—one of the other boxes belongs to a young man who</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190032"/>
<p>went to the German Hospital—I don't remember his name—he died on the 4th and was buried on the 9th—there were a few things in that box, but the policeman turned them out on the floor—there is also a little beech box that has been in the room many years, which we put the rubbish of the room in—it was my property—I did not tell the Magistrate I knew the owner, but it was a critical thing—that was the green box—I said it was a critical name; I ought to have said "a difficult name"—it was a German name which I could not pronounce—the other box belonged to a young man who lodged at my place—I don't know his name—I believe he has gone to America—I can't say how they came to have their locks broken and their sides damaged, except that they were thrown about by the servant in the lumber room, and sometimes the young men broke the locks themselves if they lost the keys—Mrs. Jay recommended the prisoner to me—she is here—I don't know Munro at all—I don't know that I ever saw him in my house or any where else—I did not tell the inspector that I did not know to whom the box belonged, nor how long it had been there—I was in bed when the constable came—I got up and came to the top of the stairs—I heard a noise, and I sent my daughter to see what was the matter—she said "There is a policeman come to take Harry Skett for something."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Re-examined.</hi> Mrs. Jay is a respectable woman—I have a good deal of custom, persons coming in and out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-173" type="surname" value="JAY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-173" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JAY</persName> </hi>. I am an umbrella maker at 89, Wentworth Street, right opposite the City of Norwich—I have Been Skett there two or three times—I saw him last on 20th July—it was about 8 o'clock when I went in—he was in the bagatelle-room—I parted with him at 10.55, and left him there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have not given my evidence before to anybody—my mother recommended Skett to the City of Norwich—I did not know him before I went there—I had seen him two or three nights before the 20th, and played several games of bagatelle with him—I played with him on the Thursday and on the Saturday when I went in—I did not see him there after the 20th—I did not see him anywhere, that I am aware of, between the 20th and the time he was taken—I don't suppose there was a day in the week that I did not go to the public-house, but I never saw him after the 20th—I don't know Munro; I have not seen him before to my know
<lb/>ledge—I know the Princess Alice; I have been there once or twice—I have not seen Skett there, nor Munro, to my knowledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-174" type="surname" value="FABER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-174" type="given" value="HERMANN"/>HERMANN FABER</persName> </hi>. I am a baker, of South Kensington—I have lodged at the City of Norwich—I recognise this portmanteau as mine—I left it at the City of Norwich about thirteen weeks ago, when I went to Kensington.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I am a journeyman baker, employed by Mr. Schutzburgher, 2, Sussex Place, South Kensington—I went there straight from the City of Norwich—I left my address, and they knew where I had gone to—I had got what clothes I wanted at Kensington, and I left the portmanteau there—I go there generally on Sundays—I took the port
<lb/>manteau there on 23rd or 24th November, and left it behind when I left thirteen weeks ago—it was broken before I went away to Germany, and I had the lock put on again—I took it to Germany, and brought it back again—I have seen a good many boxes at the house sometimes—I can't say that I recognise those three—I have seen five or six there sometimes—they were not all broken—sometimes a lock was broken when the key was lost—the portmanteau was torn in the ship when I came over from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190033"/>
<p>Rotterdam—I did not cut it—I know the young man who went to the hospital—I hear that he is dead.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-175" type="surname" value="MUSGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-175" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MUSGRAVE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). The cabman picked Skett out from five others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-584-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-584-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-584-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-584-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-584-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-584-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-584-18720819 t18720819-584-punishment-26"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-584-18720819 t18720819-584-punishment-26"/>Two Years' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-585">
<interp inst="t18720819-585" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-585" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-585-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-585-18720819 t18720819-585-offence-1 t18720819-585-verdict-1"/>
<p>585.
<persName id="def1-585-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-585-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-18720819" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-18720819" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="def1-585-18720819" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIET WOODS</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-585-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-585-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-585-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEAD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-585-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-585-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-585-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-586">
<interp inst="t18720819-586" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-586" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-586-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-586-18720819 t18720819-586-offence-1 t18720819-586-verdict-1"/>
<p>586.
<persName id="def1-586-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-586-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18720819" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18720819" type="surname" value="SPURLING"/>
<interp inst="def1-586-18720819" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SPURLING</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-586-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-586-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-586-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Unlawfully soliciting and inciting
<persName id="t18720819-name-178">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-178" type="surname" value="BILLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-178" type="given" value="ARTHUR ERNEST"/>Arthur Ernest Billings</persName> to steal from his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-179" type="surname" value="BILLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-179" type="given" value="ARTHUR ERNEST"/>ARTHUR ERNEST BILLINGS</persName> </hi>. I am in the Service of Mr. James Steele, of 3 and 4, Jewin Street, City, ostrich feather maker—I am 18 years old, and have been employed 4 1/2 years there—on 22nd July I was returning from the Bank, and saw Adams, who is not here, in the street—I had a conver
<lb/>sation with him, and on my return I repeated that conversation to my master—I saw Adams again on Tuesday, 23rd July, opposite the warehouse, but I did not speak to him then—on Wednesday, 24th, I saw Adams again coming out of the public-house at the corner of Jewin Street, about 2 o'clock—the prisoner was with Adams then—he had a basket under his arm—Spurling spoke to me first, and Adams was Standing by—Spurling said "I have a basket; I don't intend going home with it empty," and then we came to a public-house and went in—I had a glass of ale, which I believe Adams paid for—Spurling said "We had better not talk of this sort of thing here, we don't know who is about, but meet us both at Broad Street Station at 7 o'clock"—I said "I will meet you there"—I got to the Broad Street Station about 6.10—I saw Adams first, at one entrance to the Station, and Spurling was at the other—Adams beckoned to me and he whistled to Spurling, and then Adams and myself went into a public-house, and Spurling came in after—I had a glass of ale there—Spurling asked me if I had any "Cape primed tips;" that is a technical name in the trade—Spurling said "I can do very well with Cape primed tips, you know; 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per pound"—I said "I know what you mean"—Adams said "What would be the best time for us to come round to-morrow, to catch the governor out?"—I said "He will leave the office at 4 o'clock in a Hansom's cab"—Adams said "I will watch him away, Spurling, while you get the feathers"—Spurling told me to get a parcel all ready—I was to walk to the door with it up my back; under my coat, I suppose he meant—he said "I have one thing in particular to tell you, take your own string and your own paper, because the governor can't swear to his feathers, but he can to his string and paper"—I then asked Spurling whether he had anywhere to sell them—he said "Yes; they are sold in less than five minutes, and in a tub of wash"—he also said "Whatever we get for the feathers, you shall have a fair half"—Adams asked me if I was broke; he meant if I had any money—I said "I have money with me"—he said "Have four or five Shillings now"—I said "No, I do not want it"—I then left, and communicated with my master on Thursday morning—Mr. Steele made up a bundle, and I waxed the string, so that I should know it again—Spurling had said "I will walk up the street as soon as the governor is gone, and you be at the door, I will ask you about the peacocks, and then you hand me the parcel; I will swing it about in a careless manner, so as to avoid suspicion"—on Thursday,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190034"/>
<p>25th, Mr. Steele went away in a Hansom's cab at 4 o'clock in the afternoon—before he left I saw Adams, about 3.50, on the opposite side of the way—I had the parcel under my coat, and went to the door—Spurling came up Jewin Street, and said to me "I have called about the peacocks"—I said "Mr. Steele has just gone"—he said "Have you got it?"—I said "Yes"—I handed him the parcel—I saw the same parcel after the prisoner was in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Adams was the man that I first saw—I saw him six times and I saw Spurling three times concerning this case—I saw Adams on the 22nd, but I did not see Spurling till the 24th—Adams paid for the ale on the 24th, when he said "Won't you have four or five Shillings now?"—he knew that I was in the employment of Mr. Steele—my master has bought feathers of the prisoner, pheasant skins, not "Cape primed tips"—that was about two years ago—he is an itinerant poulterer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-180" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-180" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Officer</hi>). I had instructions from Mr. Steele to watch these proceedings—I was with Codrey on the 25th July, near Mr. Steele's warehouse—I saw the prisoner opposite Mr. Steele's premises—I saw Mr. Steele go away in a cab—two or three minutes after I saw the prisoner, about six yards from the premises, walking away with a bundle of white paper tied with string—I and Codrey followed him into Aldersgate Street, where he went into a public-house—he came out without the parcel—we spoke to him, and took him back to the public-house—the landlady handed over the parcel—I asked the prisoner what it contained; he said "Ostrich feathers"—I said "Whose are they?"—he said "They are mine"—I said "Where did you get them from?"—he said "I brought them from home this morning"—I said "What time?"—he said "About 9 o'clock; I have the invoice of them at home"—I told him he would be charged with inciting a young man in the employ of Mr. Steele, his master, in Jewin Street, to rob him of ostrich feathers—he said—"That is false; I did not incite him"—I also said he would be further charged with receiving those feathers knowing them to be stolen—he said "I did not know they were stolen"—he said he had bought them nine months ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CODREY</hi>. I saw the prisoner come up to the door and Billings give him the parcel, which he took from behind him somewhere—I had seen Mr. Steele go away before in a Hansom's cab—on the way to the Court on the following morning he told me that he had been drawn into it by Adams—I said "Do you know Adams?"—he said "Yes; him and me used to be in business together"—I said "Did not you use to go hawking together in the country?"—he said "Yes."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> This conversation was on the way to the Police Court—I gave evidence there of the receiving the parcel—that is all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-181" type="surname" value="STEELE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-181" type="given" value="EDWARD JAMES"/>EDWARD JAMES STEELE</persName> </hi>. I am an ostrich feather merchant, at 3 and 4, Jewin Street—Billings made a communication to me with reference to Adams in the first instance, and afterwards with regard to Spurling—he communicated to me after he had met them at Broad Street—he is in my service now—a parcel was prepared; my seal is inside, and it has been in the possession of the police ever since—I employed the officers—the value of Cape primed tips is from 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per lb.; the feathers in this parcel are of inferior quality—putting the feathers in a tub of wash might interfere with their identity—I never knew the prisoner to be a dealer in ostrich feathers—I have known him many years as a poultry dealer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190035"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> About two or three years ago I bought some skins of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-586-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-586-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-586-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-586-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-586-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-586-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-586-18720819 t18720819-586-punishment-27"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-587">
<interp inst="t18720819-587" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-587" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-587-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-587-18720819 t18720819-587-offence-1 t18720819-587-verdict-1"/>
<p>587.
<persName id="def1-587-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-587-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18720819" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18720819" type="surname" value="WHEATLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-587-18720819" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL WHEATLEY</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-587-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-587-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-587-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18720819-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-183" type="surname" value="JANNAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-183" type="given" value="FREDERICH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-587-offence-1 t18720819-name-183"/>Frederich Jannaway</persName>, and stealing a bottle of wine and a bottle, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LATIMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MATTHEWS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-184" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-184" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 207). On 3rd August I was on duty near Ropemaker's Fields, Limehouse, about 12.45 a.m.; I met the prisoner—he passed me—I went a few steps further on, and saw the cellar-flap of 66, Three Colt Street had been broken open—that was about 20 yds. from where I saw the prisoner—he was coming away from there—there was a hole in the flap large enough for a man to go down—the occupier was called up, and the prisoner came back while I was still there—I turned my light on him, and saw he was all over sawdust and cobwebs—he said "What are you looking at? do you think I have robbed anyone?"—I asked him where he had been, and he said he had been to Mr. Waller's—I asked him where he had been since, and he said "In Limehouse"—that was all I could get from him—I charged him on suspicion with breaking and entering the cellar—he said "All right"—he was taken to the Station by a constable, and I returned to where I met the prisoner, and found a bottle of wine close to the kerb opposite the shop—that was two hours afterwards—a pocket-book and some matches were found on the prisoner—I went into the cellar with the occupier—there were footmarks about the place, sawdust on the floor, and cobwebs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The prisoner was 20 yds. from the cellar when I first saw him—I found that he was a lighterman by his license, after he was in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-185" type="surname" value="OSMAR"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-185" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN OSMAR</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Jannaway, wine and spirit merchant, 66, Three Colt Street, Limehouse—on the night of 2nd August I saw the cellar fastened securely about 11 o'clock—I was called up a few minutes before 1 o'clock, and found two boards had been wrenched up, and there was a hole sufficient to admit a man into the cellar—It was rather an old flap, and the boards were somewhat rotten—I was shown this bottle; it has "201" on the cork—it belongs to the prosecutor, and was safe in the cellar—the cellar was very low, and there were cobwebs on the ceiling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I was walking home. I left my mate Skinner, and, coming by this shop, the constable looked at me, and I said 'Do you think I stole anything.' I had put my jacket on half an hour before; it had been lying on the barge, which was loaded with sleepers which were covered with sawdust."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18720819-587-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-587-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-587-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>
<hi rend="italic">NOT GUILTY.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-588">
<interp inst="t18720819-588" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-588" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-588-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18720819 t18720819-588-offence-1 t18720819-588-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-588-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-18720819 t18720819-588-offence-1 t18720819-588-verdict-2"/>
<p>588.
<persName id="def1-588-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-588-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18720819" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18720819" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-588-18720819" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAMS</hi> (22)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-588-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-588-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-18720819" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-18720819" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="def2-588-18720819" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WARREN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-588-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-588-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-588-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18720819-name-188" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-188" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-188" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-588-offence-1 t18720819-name-188"/>Philip Martin</persName>, from his person. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-588-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-588-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-588-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WITHERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-189" type="surname" value="DOWNS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-189" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK DOWNS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Officer</hi>). On 1st August I was on London Bridge about 12 o'clock, with two other officers—I saw the two prisoners come on to the bridge, where there was a great crowd in consequence of the race for the coat and badge that day—they walked over the bridge, eyeing several gentlemen and feeling their coat-tail pockets—they went to the Surrey side</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190036"/>
<p>of the bridge, and came back again—Williams placed himself by the side of a young gentleman who was looking over the parapet, and Warren was a short distance off, behind another gentleman—Williams put his left hand under his right arm by the side of the gentleman—he then left the gentle
<lb/>man, touched Warren on the shoulder, and they both crossed the road—I went up to the gentleman that Williams had just left, and saw his watch chain hanging down—I spoke to him, and we pursued the prisoners—Williams saw me coming, and ran to the Surrey side of the bridge—I caught hold of Warren, and called after Williams—he was stopped by Gilbert and Randall—I told Warren I should charge him with being concerned in steal
<lb/>ing a watch—he said "I have no watch"—I said "I know you have not; your companion has got that"—I took him to the station—I believe he gave an address to one of the other officers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Warren.</hi> I came up from the market on purpose to see the boat-race.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-190" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-190" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RANDALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Officer</hi>). I was on London Bridge on 1st August, about 12 o'clock—I saw the prisoners come on to the bridge—what Downs has stated is correct—I stopped Williams—I caught hold of his trousers' pocket, and felt the watch there—with Gilbert's assistance I con
<lb/>veyed him to the Seething Lane Station, and found the watch in his pocket—it was identified by the prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-191" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-191" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>PHILIP MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk, at 89, Great Tower Street—I was on London Bridge on 1st August, looking at the race—the police spoke to me and I missed my watch—I saw it again at the station—the bow was broken—it was worth 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not notice the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Warren, in his defence, stated that he left Billingsgate Market to go and see the boat-race—that he went on the bridge, saw them start, and was going back again when the policeman took him.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARREN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18720819-588-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-588-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-588-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He also</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted in April</hi>, 1871.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-588-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-588-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-588-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-588-18720819 t18720819-588-punishment-28"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted in October</hi>, 1868.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18720819-588-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-588-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-588-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-588-18720819 t18720819-588-punishment-29"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1872.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18720819-589">
<interp inst="t18720819-589" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18720819"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-589" type="date" value="18720819"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-589-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-589-18720819 t18720819-589-offence-1 t18720819-589-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18720819-589-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-589-18720819 t18720819-589-offence-1 t18720819-589-verdict-1"/>
<p>589.
<persName id="def1-589-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-589-18720819" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18720819" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18720819" type="surname" value="HAZLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-589-18720819" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA HAZLE</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-589-18720819" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-589-18720819" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-589-18720819" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-589-18720819" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="def2-589-18720819" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WINTER</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18720819-589-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18720819-589-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-589-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18720819-name-194" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-194" type="surname" value="TEBBEY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-194" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18720819-589-offence-1 t18720819-name-194"/>James Tebbey</persName>, and stealing from his person one watch, a chain, and two lockets, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. A. B. KELLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Winter.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-195" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-195" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-195" type="surname" value="TEBBEY"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-195" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES TEBBEY</persName> </hi>. I am a gentleman's servant, living in Clarges Street—on Tuesday morning, 30th July, I was in the Brompton Road at ten minutes to one o'clock—Hazle, who was with two men, left them and accosted me, and wished me to treat her—I refused, and she asked me to go home with her, which I refused also—we walked a few yards, and she struck me on my face with her umbrella, and began halloaing—I ran backwards, and several young men came round me and knocked me down—I got up and tried to get away—Winter ran across the road after me, and I was knocked down a second time and stunned—I can swear that Winter was one of those who ran after me, but I cannot swear that he struck me—I was picked up by a policeman, and then missed my watch and chain, and locket—the policeman took me to the hospital—I was taken to the station next morning, and saw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190037"/>
<p>the prisoners and several young women, but no men except Winter—I picked Hazle out as the woman who struck me first—I identified Winter as being there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> There were three women—Clara Phillips was not one of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Hazle. Q.</hi> Can you swear it was me and not Jessie Hall?—Yes; you had a hat on, but I cannot swear to your dress—you are the person who struck me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you been drinking?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had had a glass or two of drink, but I was sensible—I was not tipsy—I left home at five o'clock, and went to see a friend—I had several glasses of drink—it was ale, chiefly—I do not think I had any spirits—my watch was in my waistcoat pocket, and the chain was fastened to my button hole, and the locket hanging from the chain—I cannot say whether my coat was buttoned—I had shown my watch to the witness Wallace five minutes before this occurred—I had never seen her before—she wanted to know the time, and I told her, five minutes past one—she saw the watch and the locket—she was not one of the girls in the Brompton Road whom I spoke to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-196" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-196" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-196" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am a photographer, of Lloyd's Place, Brompton—on the night of 30th July I was in the Brompton Road between 1.5 and 1.10 o'clock, and just as I was going to turn down Lloyd's Place I saw Tebbey standing by the female prisoner—two other girls were by—I saw Hazle strike Tebbey with a parasol or umbrella—she knocked him down—he got up and she knocked him down in the road again—I went to her and asked her what she was knocking the man about for, and she struck me and called out "Harry!" I think, and twelve or fourteen men, who were nearly 100 yards further up the road, came down to the scene, and I told Tebbey to run if he could—I ran and called "Police!" and Tebbey ran—as he ran I saw him knocked against the steps and knocked on the pave
<lb/>ment by a man, but I was nearly twenty yards away, and could not see who did it—I saw a policeman come up, he removed Tebbey in a cab—I pointed out to the police a girl named Green, who was standing by, but not who had anything to do with it—she is not here—I am positive Hazle is the woman who used the parasol—I am not positive about Winter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Hazle. Q.</hi> Can you swear I knocked the man down?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; it was not the female who stood with you—I cannot describe your dress, I only go by your face—you do not look able to knock a man down, but I have seen you before do something very nearly the same—I have no animosity against you, I never knew you to speak to you—I am quite sure it was you—I did not notice that Tebbey had a stick in his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you hear any altercation?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I heard no words used, but all of a sudden she struck him with a parasol and knocked him down in the road—the first time she fought him off the kerb with her hands up, and the second time she fought him off the kerb into the middle of the road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I have no recollection of seeing Clara Phillips there—I have seen her outside here—I only knew her by sight—if she had come into sight I should have recognised her—Tebbey did not fight Hazle, but he went into the road; it did not look like fun; he came back in a sort of expostulating way, as much as to say "What are you doing that for?" there was no quarrel before, so far as I could see—I have often seen the men together who came up: they live near about, I believe—I have seen them with Hazle before.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="187208190038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-197" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-197" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-197" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-197" type="given" value="CLARA"/>CLARA PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. My husband is a milkman, of Exeter Place, Chelsea—on this night I was in Brompton, on my way home—I heard a noise and saw Hazle strike Tebbey with her umbrella, and then I saw her knock him down; she called some name which I cannot recollect, and Winter rushed out and struck Tebbey, and thirteen or fourteen of them were together—I knew Winter quite well by sight, I used to live opposite him, and know his appearance quite well—I saw him hit the prosecutor—I was speaking to Edith Wallace, and we gave our names—I have never had any quarrel with Winter—I am living with my husband.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> My husband's name is William Spencer and mine is Clara Phillips—I had been to a sing-song with Charley Cooper—I did not see Green there; she and I did not have a fight, it was Hazle and me—she smacked me three times in the face at the Northumberland Arms—I left the Northumberland Arras with Charley Cooper, and went with him as far as Montpellier Road—I swear I did not have connection with him—I know he will be called—Tebbey was on the ground when I first saw Winter—my account is that I actually heard some female speak to Tebbey; she asked him to go home with her, and because he would not, she struck him with her umbrella.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Hazle. Q.</hi> Was the prosecutor on the ground when you came up?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; but he was when you called the other men—I was on the same side as you—Jessie was one of the other two females; it was not Emma Green, she did not come up until after it was all over—you had a hat on—I did not see you take the watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18720819-name-198" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18720819-name-198" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-198" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="t18720819-name-198" type="given" value="EDITH"/>EDITH WALLACE</persName> </hi>. I live at Ascot Street, Brompton—on the night of the 30th, about 1.5, I was with a friend in the Brompton Road, and met the prosecutor, who said "Good evening, Miss; do you know if there are any public houses open?"—I said "It is too late"—he took out his watch and looked at it—it was a silver watch, with a gold chain and two lockets—he put it back and had not got twelve yards before I saw some woman take hold of him and hit him across the head with an umbrella—I do not know who she was—she knocked him down in the street, and lots of men rushed out—Winter is one of them; he passed me at a lamp-post—when he came up Tebbey was on the ground—I saw him lifted up—he went away with a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> I did not see Winter do anything to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Hazle. Q.</hi> Was he drunk?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He knew what he was doing—I cannot swear to you—I did not see Mrs. Phillips