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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>BESLEY, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FIRST SESSION, HELD NOVEMBER 22ND, 1869.,</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED, BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>VOL. LXXI.</p>
<p>SESSIONS I TO VI.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>BUTTERWORTHS, 7, FLEET STREET,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, November 22nd, 1869, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-1" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-1" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BESLEY</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-2" type="surname" value="BTLES"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-2" type="given" value="ROBERT BARNARD"/>ROBERT BARNARD BTLES</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of Her Majesty's Justices of the Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD BALIOL BRETT</hi>, Knt., one other of Her Majesty's Justices of the Court of Common Pleas;
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS QUESTED FINNIS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-3" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-3" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">M.P., ANDREW LUSK</hi>, Esq., M.P., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-4" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-4" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Esq., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-5" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-5" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH CAUSTON</hi>, Knt., Alderman.</p>
<p>Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES VALLENTINE</hi>, Knt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALEXANDER CROSLET</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALEXANDER JOHN BAYLIS</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BESLEY, MAYOR FIRST SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—fin obelisk</hi>
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<p>1.
<persName id="def1-1-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18691122" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18691122" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-1-18691122" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT COOK</hi> (58)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18691122-1-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-1-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-1-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>for unlawfully, and by false pretences, causing and inducing
<persName id="t18691122-name-7" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-7" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-7" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-7" type="given" value="ANGELINA CLARA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-1-offence-1 t18691122-name-7"/>Angelina Clara Hall</persName> to execute a certain deed assigning her interest in certain property.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—Inducing her to affix her name to it, that it might be dealt with as security.
<hi rend="italic">Third Count</hi>—Converting to his own use a certain policy of assurance, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT SLEIGH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecu
<lb/>tion; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METOALFS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-8" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-8" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-8" type="given" value="ANGELINA CLARA"/>ANGELINA CLARA HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a widow—my husband's name was William Agar Hall—he died on 6th May, 1868—previous to his decease I knew the defendant—I knew that my husband had monetary dealings with him—at my husband's death I was left with five children—I came to London to seek advice—I went to the defendant, who, at that time, had an office in Pall Mall while his house was under repair—I subsequently went to him at 18, Warwick Street, Regent Street—I took him a policy of insurance for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. long my husband's life—he looked at it, and said, "I am very sorry for you, Mrs. Hall; I regret to hear you are left as you are. Leave this with me, and I will get this for you free of expense"—I left it with him—this was in June, 1868—I told him when I handed it to him that it was a policy on my husband's life in the Equitable Insurance Office—I went to him again on 10th September—I had my little boy very ill, in fact dying; and I begged of him to give me some money—I went to him then in con
<lb/>sequence of receiving a letter—my sister was with me, and Charles Pointer was also present—he was one of Mr. Cook's clerks—I was always given to understand Mr. Cook had a deed prepared for me that he was to advance 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., exclusive of the insurance money—he said it was to enable me to go into business, he felt so deeply for my situation—I had no provision for my family, and with my insurance money he would advance me 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220004"/>
<p>which T was to sign the deed—he said, "I have mentioned your insurance in it, but that has nothing to do with it, that is yours"—he said he thought a public-house would be the best thing I could take—he said that I was to pay him 5 per cent, for this 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and date it from the same time that my husband's mortgage was to run—I was aware that my husband had had an advance on mortgage from Mr. Cook—he asked me if I should require an advance of some money, and I said if he pleased—he asked me how much would do, would 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. do, and my sister replied, "No, my dear, not less than 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—he then gave me a cheque for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the deed was read to me—Charles Poynter read two or three leaves of it, and Mr. Cook took it out of his hand, and read it in a quick and hurried manner—he said Poynter did not know how to read—he did not read it correctly; but he was reading it correctly, so that I could understand I—Mr. Cook said this was merely a deed for me to assign over, at 5 percent., for the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., not mentioning the insurance at all, to assign to him the Interest for the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I did not receive 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on that occasion, only the
<hi rend="italic">I.</hi> cheque—I also signed a cheque for 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-9" type="surname" value="ULLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-9" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ULLMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the office of Mr. Bretton, solicitor—I served a notice, of which this is a copy, according to instructions I received from the office—I served it on a servant at Mr. Cook's office, 18, Warwick Street, Golden Square (
<hi rend="italic">This was a notice to produce tilt deed and certain cheques and letters</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say the notice was served from the office of Bretton & Company?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From Mr. Brettou's; he is a solicitor—the notice is signed "E. Lewis & Co."—I have seen it before—it was not read over to me—I did not read it—it was given to me by one of Mr. Brettou's clerks—I did not see the contents—I know it was a notice, because I took it, and the one I served and the others were read over together by the two clerks—Mr. E. Lewis is with Mr. Bretton; he is a partner—I was in the room when the two clerks read it over; but I did not take notice of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-10" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-10" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-10" type="given" value="ANGELINA CLARA"/>ANGELINA CLARA HALL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). I asked Mr. Cook what the 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque was for, and he said to take out administration in England and Ireland—(
<hi rend="italic">The. deed and cheques were here produced</hi>)—This is my hand-writing at the back of these cheques—the other endorsement, "Henry Arnold," was not then on this one—(
<hi rend="italic">The cheques being read, were on Cox, Biddulph & Co., for</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">respectively, one endorsed by the witness and Henry Arnold, the other by the witness only</hi>)—This is my signature to the deed—this is the deed I signed on 16th September—Mr. Cook said the 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque was to pay the administration in England and Ireland, that it might come to so much, and it might not; but, of course, if it came to more, I had nothing to give, and he would have to pay the over plus if it came to more—I also signed this memorandum on that occasion (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Mrs. Angelina Clara Hall, in account with Mr. Robert Cook, by mortgage, 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; cheque, 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Ditto Mr. Arnold, for administration, 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; bonus, 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I have examined the above account, and do approve of the same, 10th September, 1868. Angelina Clara Hall. Witness, Eliza Smalley.")—Mrs. Smalley is my sister—I had no connexion whatever with Mr. Arnold—I did not know at that time who he was—I had not, before 10th September, been furnished with or seen any deed or copy—I saw it for the first time on 10th September—on 7th September I wrote this letter (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) to Mr. Cook, and received this letter of the 8th, signed, "Henry</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220005"/>
<p>Arnold," in reply, and on the 10th I went and found the deed all ready for me—(
<hi rend="italic">The letters were put in and read; Mrs. Hall's letter stated that she was greatly inconvenienced at not hearing from him, being in much need of money. The reply made an appointment for the</hi> 10th)—When Mr. Cook gave me the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque he told me to be very careful of it, that money was very slippery, and soon passed through your hands—when I signed the deed my firm belief was that he was going to advance me 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with my insurance money, to enter into business—that was what induced me to sign the deed—I did not know that I was making an absolute conveyance of the policy of insurance, or that I was conveying it in any way to him—I did not know that I was doing anything of the kind, had I done so I should certainly not have signed it—the next interview I had with Mr. Cook was on 19th November, at 18, Warwick Street—I went and saw him there—I asked him for some money, and after some conversation he gave me a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque—of course I kept wanting to know the reason that he never gave me the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that I had signed for—I did not say any
<lb/>thing to him about it—I was always afraid to speak to him—he asked me if I would show him different papers that I had been to about houses of business—I showed him some about public-houses that I had been inquiring about—I told him that I had been seeking after them, but they wanted so much money to enter into them—he said he would advance me 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I was to go as far as 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he then, after a long time, gave me a cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on that date—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the cheque; this is my writing at the back—he also gave me a piece of paper to sign—he dictated it, and I signed it—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "19th November, 1868. To Mr. Robert Cook, 18, Warwick Street, Golden Square. In consideration of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. lent and advanced by you to me, I hereby agree that the same, with interest thereon at 10 per cent, shall be tacked to my mortgage to you, and charged upon the securities thereby assigned. Angelina Clara Hall")—He said nothing to me on that occasion about having received the insurance money—he never mentioned it—this document (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was brought to me by a clerk from the insurance office, in October—(
<hi rend="italic">This was dated</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st October,</hi> 1868, from
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Gover, the manager of the British Equitable Assurance Com
<lb/>pany, enclosing a form of receipt to be filed up by the witness when the payment would be made</hi>)—I took that to Mr. Cook some time in October, I don't exactly know when—I showed it to him, and he dictated a letter for me to write to Mr. Gover—he told me to say that they were to hand the cheque to Mr. Arnold—I asked if I might go with Mr. Arnold to receive the money—he said, "Oh no, we will do all that for you"—I wrote the letter at his dictation, and handed it to him—after the interview on 19th November, I saw him again on 23rd December—I went alone then, and saw Mr. Cook alone—I went to ask him for some money—he was very much annoyed at my asking him, and said he really could do no more for me—I said, "For why?"—he said because my insurance money was all swallowed up in expenses—(he had never mentioned to me before that, that he had received my insurance money)—I asked him to render me an ac
<lb/>count of them—he said he did not know what they were, that he had given the money to Mr. Arnold, but he would have them made out for me—I then asked him for some money—he said he could only give me 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he could not do that, only it was so near Christmas, and he could do no more for me, my money being all gone—I told him I had no provision whatever for my children, and I did not know what I should do—he said lie was very</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220006"/>
<p>sorry for me, but he could not help me—this is the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque he gave me; he at the same time dictated this document to me, which I wrote and signed—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "23rd December. To Mr. Robert Cook. Memorandum—Mr. Robert Cook has advanced me 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. this day, and I hereby agree that the same shall be tacked to my mortgage to him, with interest to the date therein mentioned")—I have a brother, a publican, at Putney—after this I made a communication to him, and gave instructions to my solicitor to obtain my money back—I brought an action against Mr. Cook to recover the insurance money—all I received from Mr. Cook before bringing that action, was 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that was every halfpenny I had from him—(
<hi rend="italic">The deed was put in and partly read it wot very long, and contained numerous recitals and covenants</hi>)—I did not at any time during the reading of that deed, understand that I was assigning to Mr. Cook my policy of assurance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Can you tell at what part Poynter left off reading, and Mr. Cook began to read?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No I really cannot, I was in such trouble at the time, my little boy was dead.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you understand what Mr. Cook read, after he began to read it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Certainly I did not understand it as I understand it now, or I never should have been so silly as to sign such a deed as that, I am quite certain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-11" type="surname" value="MOORSON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-11" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MOORSON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the British Equitable Life Assurance Office—I have a brother, who is also a clerk there—I have not seen him here to-day—he left the office, with the policy of assurance, to come here—he was subpÅ“naed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-12" type="surname" value="MOORSON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-12" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY MOORSON</persName> </hi>. I produce a policy of assurance on the life of Mr. Hall—I was subpoenaed—I have the subpoana in my pocket—(
<hi rend="italic">The policy was put in and read; it was dated 13th September,</hi> 1867,
<hi rend="italic">and was for</hi> 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">on the life of William Agar Hall, and the following receipt was endorsed upon it</hi>: "Received, 3rd November, 1868, of the British Equitable Assurance Company, 190
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., in full discharge of the claim in respect of the within policy, &c. Angelina Clara Hall. Witness, Henry Arnold.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. HALL</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). That signature, "Angelina Clara Hall," is mine—I signed it at Mr. Cook's—I never went to the office—I handed it, signed, to Mr. Cook.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was your husband's age at the time of his death?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Thirty-eight—there was some allegation by the office that his age had been misrepresented, that accounted for the deduction of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., so Mr. Cook told me—I only know what he represented to me—I have no reason to doubt it—I am paying for this action myself—if Mr. Cook had acted honourably to me, I might have been doing some
<lb/>thing—I have been paid the whole 190
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I have had it in my own pos
<lb/>session; but, of course, I am laying it out daily—I am bearing the expense of this prosecution—my attorneys are Messrs. Lewis, of Great Marlborough Street—if Mr. Cook had handed the money over to me at once, I might have been making a provision for my children—I was advised by my friends to prosecute Mr. Cook, to punish him for his unkindness towards me—I am doing it to show his conduct to others, that he should not deprive the widow and her family of her only subsistence—that is the way I am spend
<lb/>ing my money—I never intended to gain anything else by it, I never expected it—I know that my husband represented the Irish property to be worth about 3000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I don't know that it was worth nothing of the kind—my brother-in-law is a trustee—I don't know from him that the property</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220007"/>
<p>is worth nothing like that—Mr. Cook was aware that my husband's family were not very fond of me—I don't believe that the property is not worth a so much, I believe the contrary—my brother-in-law never enlightens me upon anything as to what the property is worth, merely sends me a few accounts—I have not taken any means to ascertain what the property is worth, only what Mr. Cook has taken himself—he took out administration for me—he charged me for it—I have not taken any means since I have been out of the hands of Mr. Cook to take out administration, because Mr. Cook had had my administration previously—I have never seen them—I have not directed anybody to apply to Mr. Cook for them—I have never tried to take out administration in Ireland, because I thought Mr. Cook had already done so—he told me he had, or otherwise the pro
<lb/>perty would not be secured to him—I don't know thai there is a farthing coming to me out of the Irish property—if I did take out administration, I don't know whether there is or no—my friends have not enlightened me upon the subject—I really don't know whether I shall get a penny out of it—I know how much money my husband actually had from Mr. Cook—he had 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. besides, the rest was for bonuses—the property is at Limerick—I took the policy to Mr. Cook because he was always very polite to me, and I took it to him to show it to him, and ask how I was to obtain it—I did not know of everything that had passed between my husband and Mr. Cook—my husband was often at Mr. Cook's without me—I knew that the policy was mentioned in the deed, but Mr. Cook said, "That is nothing, it is yours"—I was in such deep affliction, my husband dying, and three months afterwards I lost my little boy, and I had no money to pay the funeral expenses—that was what I wanted money for, and I thought to get my insurance money for it—I thought I was to obtain that and the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. he was to advance—I firmly believed it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What did you think was to be his security for the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I thought, of course, when his mortgage came due he would sell the property, if my mother-in-law should die—he told me I was a shrewd woman, and I was sure to get on in business—of course I believed that I was adapted for business—I did not ask why the policy was mentioned in the deed, because, unfortunately, I put too much trust in Mr. Cook's kindness towards me—my sister was with me on two occasions—she was with me at the time the deed was read, but she is very near sighted—that would not prevent her hearing, but I could not tell you what it was—when it was read to-day I' could understand it—I allowed the reference to the policy to remain in it, because, unfortunately, I must have been very ignorant of it to allow it to be inserted—that is the only account I can give—I did not think the memorandum I signed, on 10th September, referred to the policy—I thought it meant the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. he was to advance—I did not understand it—he never explained it—I never understood it meant the policy—I see it now, but I did not then—I can say with truth I did not understand it to refer to the policy—I thought it meant the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I was to receive from Mr. Cook—I was under the impression that he would deduct the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from the insurance money, and hand me the difference—he led me to believe that I had something to do with the Irish property—I thought at the time that he would deduct it from the insurance money—my hus
<lb/>band had agreed to the 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as a bonus—I never had any agreement—I did not understand I was to give back 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I knew that he had taken out administration for the property that was in England—he told me he had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220008"/>
<p>paid for it—I have not—I don't know whether it amounted to 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., he never gave me any account of the expenses—I did not know that there was also a succession duty to be paid—he never explained anything of the matter to me—my husband's brother is John Henry Hall.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you not learnt that this property in reality will not pay its in
<lb/>cumbrances?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mr. Cook has, I have not learnt it; but Mr. Cook was in Ireland at the time he made ray husband an advance, and certainly when he was in Dublin, within a few miles, he went to see what the property was worth, no doubt—the annuity that has been mentioned was upon the life of my husband's mother—I don't know her age; I dare say she is past sixty—I don't know whether she is in bad health—I don't hear from her—I received from my brother an account of the value of the property for Mr. Cook, which I took him, and he has it; but, allow me to explain, there are lime
<lb/>kilns, and at the time the account was rendered to Mr. Cook they were not at work, which brings in much more—I took the account to Mr. Cook, and left with him; I think it was 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. when the taxes were deducted—I think that was the annual produce of it; I really can't say—that was a paper I had obtained with a view of explaining the value of the property.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You handed the paper to Mr. Cook, did you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi>—the annual value of the property was represented as about 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year by my brother-in-law to Mr. Cook—he has shown me some of the letters he received from my brother-in-law, at least he read them to me—he did not show them to me all—I think one or two of them were produced before the Magistrate at Marlborough Street, by Mr. Cook's counsel—the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. annuity is paid at the present time to Mr. Cook—I was to pay Mr. Cook 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a quarter for interest at 5 per cent.; the principal was to be paid when my husband's mortgage came due—that will be in 1872—I think the pro
<lb/>perty is of the value of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year, after paying all outgoings—I did not receive back a shilling of my money until I brought the action—it was in March that instructed my solicitor to bring the action—it was tried in July—during that interval I lived by the assistance of my brother at Putney—I was totally dependent, save and except what I could get from my friends—I had not a shilling of my own.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-13" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-13" type="surname" value="SMALLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-13" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA SMALLEY</persName> </hi>. I am the sister of Mrs. Hall—in September last year I went with her to Mr. Cook's office we saw Mr. Cook there—no one else was in the room when we first went in—Mr. Cook asked my sister if she required any money, she said "Yes"—he asked her if 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. would do—I replied directly, "No; we could not defray the expenses under 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—the Clerk Charles Poynter, was then called up, and Mr. Cook told him to read the deed—he read about three leaves, and Mr. Cook said he read it so hurriedly that he would read it himself—he took it out of his hands and read it so hurriedly that we could not understand it—the clerk read it the more intelligibly—after it was read, Mr. Cook said that there was 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. advance her, exclusive of her insurance money, and that the durance money was hers—he said he would advance her 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to enable her to go into business—I did not understand, during the reading of the deed, that it conveyed the policy of insurance to Mr. Cook—we were in such trouble about the demise of my poor brother-in-law and the little child, that we did not know what we were doing scarcely—he said, "I merely mention the policy in the deed, but it is yours—we thought the Irish property would defray the expenses—I did not say so—Mr. Cook said that, of course, the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to be tacked on to the Irish mortgage.—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220009"/>
<p>my sister signed another document at the same time—I witnessed the deed—I called on Mr. Cook on the 19th November with reference to my sister—she was with me—Mr. Cook gave her a cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and told her she was not worth a shilling; he was very sorry for her—she cried so bitterly Mr. Cook came to the door and let us out, but he said "Now you are not worth a shilling"—I believe my sister signed some paper upon getting the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and she requested a copy of it, which Mr. Cook was very much annoyed
<hi rend="italic">at</hi>—I heard him say she was not worth a shilling—I did not hear him say that the money was all swallowed up in expenses—I was only there on two Occasions, on the 10th September and 19th November.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I see you also signed that paper containing that account; just tell me this, "To cash, by cheque, 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," how was that to be paid back?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I can't exactly tell—it was never stated that it was to be paid out of the policy—I swear that—it was never stated, and nothing of the kind was ever understood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you hear anything said about its being Wed noted out of the policy?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-14" type="surname" value="SMALLET"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SMALLET</persName> </hi>. I keep the White Lion, at Putney—I am brother of he prosecutrix—in June, 1868, I called on Mr. Cook, with my sister—she merely went to see him—I don't recollect what pissed—in January of this year, I wrote a letter to Mr. Cook, in consequence of a communication my sister made to me with regard to her policy—I directed the letter to "Mr. Cook, Warwick Street"—this is a copy of it—it is in my handwriting—I posted it—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "6, Assembly Road, Clapham Junction. Sir, I was sur
<lb/>prised; to hear from my sister, Mrs. Hall that you make a claim upon her Insurance money, and likewise refuse to lend her any more money than the 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. already received by her. As you must be aware this is all she had to Hoped upon, I therefore hope you will not plunge her and her family into want and misery, by keeping it from her. I must tell you, she is in deep Histress through the disappointment, and I do wish to know if you persist In detaining what I consider she is justly entitled to. Hoping you will favour me with an early reply, I am, Sir, Yours, John Smalley")—I received no reply to that letter, and I wrote a second letter, of which this is a copy—I posted this also (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Mr. Cook. Sir, I shall be very much obliged if you will kindly let me know what claim you have upon my sister's insurance, as I am very desirous of coming to some terms with you, if possible, on her behalf. I have been waiting for a reply to my previous letter, and shall feel obliged by your kind attention to this. Signed John Smalley")—I did not receive any reply to that letter—I went to see In. Cook, about a fortnight after, with my sister—he detained us some time in his office, before we could see him; but eventually we were told to go Into his own office, where he was—I walked in as I might into any gentle
<lb/>man's room, and said I had just come to ask him why he had not replied to my two letters—he said, "For a very simple reason, because there is no reply required"—he did not deny the receipt of the letters—I said, "Will you tell me why you are detaining her insurance money"—he said, "For a very good reason, she owes me money; if not, her husband does"—I said, 'Well, but her husband's debts have nothing to do with hers"—and he immediately replied, that he had kept it for expenses—I said, "Surely, she as only had 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the rest can't be swallowed up in expenses"—he said it was so—I said, "What about that deed?"—he said, "Your sister has signed a deed for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—I said, "Well, but what is it for, she has not got it; surely</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220010"/>
<p>you don't intend to keep what is really her due from the insurance money"—he said he did, for expenses—I asked him if I could have a copy of the deed—he said, "Certainly, if you choose to pay for it"—I said I would do so—and he said, "Well, you must go to my solicitor"—I asked him who his solicitor was, and he immediately turned the conversation—he would not tell me who his solicitor was—I asked him again, but he made no reply—he then accused me of entering his room abruptly, and of speaking in a very abrupt manner—I said I was in the habit of going into gentlemen's rooms, and had never been accused of it before in my life; that I knew how to enter a room as well as he did—I said to my sister, "Never mind, you had better come away, and he shall hear further about it"—I was present at Hertford, when this action was tried—I saw a man named Poynter there—I was pre
<lb/>sent during the trial—he was not called as a witness at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-1-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-1-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-1-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-1-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1-18691122 t18691122-1-punishment-1"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, November</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-2">
<interp inst="t18691122-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-2" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-2-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18691122 t18691122-2-offence-1 t18691122-2-verdict-1"/>
<p>2.
<persName id="def1-2-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-2-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18691122" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18691122" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-2-18691122" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILSON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-2-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-2-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-2-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WIGHTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-16" type="surname" value="WOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-16" type="given" value="MOSES"/>MOSES WOLDER</persName> </hi>. I keep a cake shop, at 22, Wentworth Street, Spital
<lb/>fields—on Saturday night, October 30, about 60.30, I served the prisoner with two pennyworth of cake—he gave me a florin—I gave him the change and he left—I put the florin into the till, where there was no other florin, and ten minutes afterwards gave my boy 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to fetch some goods, and the florin was among it—he came back five minutes afterwards and said that the florin was bad—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I afterwards gave it to a policeman—next day, November 3rd, my wife called me into the shop and gave me another florin—the prisoner was there, and I told him he had also given one yesterday—he did not say a word—my little daughter said that he had given it to her—I gave him in custody with the two florins.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-17" type="surname" value="WOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-17" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>LEWIS WOLDER</persName> </hi>. I am the son of the last witness—on 30th October ho sent me out with some money, among which was a florin—I went to a neighbour's shop, who tried it with his fingers, and made some cuts on it with a knife, and gave it back to me, and I gave it to my father.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-18" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-18" type="surname" value="WOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-18" type="given" value="PHOEBE"/>PHOEBE WOLDER</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of Moses Wolder—on 3rd November I was in the shop, about 8.30—my mother was in the parlour—the prisoner came in for two halfpenny cakes, and gave me a florin—I tried it with my teeth, made a little mark on it, and called my mother—there was no change in the till, and I took it to a baker, who returned it to me—I took it to my mother and told her it was bad, in the prisoner's presence—she gave it to my father—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-19" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-19" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN REEVES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H R</hi> 42). I took the prisoner, and received these two florins—he said that he took them hawking umbrellas, and refused his address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-20" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-20" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These florins are bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-2-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-2-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-2-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He wot further charged with having been convicted of a like offence in April,</hi> 1868,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-2-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-2-18691122 t18691122-2-punishment-2"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-3">
<interp inst="t18691122-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-3" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-3-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18691122 t18691122-3-offence-1 t18691122-3-verdict-1"/>
<p>3.
<persName id="def1-3-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-3-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18691122" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18691122" type="surname" value="CHEESEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-3-18691122" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CHEESEMAN</hi> (43)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18691122-3-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-3-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-3-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WIGHTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conduced the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-22" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-22" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-22" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am waitress at a coffee-house in Westmoreland</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220011"/>
<p>Buildings, Fleet Street—on 2nd November I saw the prisoner talking "to a little child, Ellen Gertrude Smith, outside the door—he gave her "a piece of coin and a bottle, and she went into the Ben Johnson—I then went in, and gave information to Williams.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Was my face to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I do not think I had ever seen you before—I swear to your face.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-23" type="surname" value="GROVER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-23" type="given" value="ELIZABETH ANN"/>ELIZABETH ANN GROVER</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Ben Johnson, Fleet Street—on the evening of the 2nd November the little girl Smith came in for a half-quartern of rum, and gave me a florin—I found it was bad, broke it in two, and gave her the pieces—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-24" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-24" type="given" value="ELLEN GERTRUDE"/>ELLEN GERTRUDE SMITH</persName> </hi>. On 2nd November the prisoner said to me, "Please, my little girl, go to that public-house, and get a half quartern of rum"—he gave me a florin and a bottle—I went into the public-house, asked for the rum, and gave the florin to the last witness, who bit it in half, and gave me the bits, and I gave them to Mr. Williams—when I came out the prisoner was standing at our house, and I pointed him out to Mr. Williams.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When you came to me, did you go to see where the man was?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I went to my door—I am sure you are the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-25" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-25" type="given" value="JOB"/>JOB WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a warehouseman at Westmoreland Buildings—on the night of 2nd November I was at Lambert's coffee-house, opposite the Ben Johnson—the waitress spoke to me, and I went outside the door to look after the little girl—I went into the Ben Johnson, spoke to the girl, and she came out with me, and pointed out the prisoner next door, standing with his face to the Ben Johnson, pretending to read a paper, but there was no light—I said, "What business have you to send this child for rum?"—he said that he did not do it—he was given in custody by one of the lodgers—the little girl gave me a bad florin in the public-house, which I gave to Preston.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-26" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-26" type="given" value="HENRY DANE"/>HENRY DANE PRESTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Westmoreland Buildings—I received these two pieces of a florin from Williams, and gave them to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-27" type="surname" value="CANNAVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-27" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL CANNAVAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 273). I took the prisoner, searched him, and found a half-crown and 1 1/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., good money—I received these two piece of a florin from Preston.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-28" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-28" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, This is a bad florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I saw the girl come out of the house. She came up to me, and offered me some rum and a florin. I said that I had not seen them before, and did not want any rum, and refused to take it. The girl ran away, but the witness called her back, and said, "This is the man. "I was given-in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-3-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-3-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-3-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted of uttering, in January,</hi> 1865,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Five Years' Penal Servitude, to which he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-3-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-3-18691122 t18691122-3-punishment-3"/>Fifteen Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-4">
<interp inst="t18691122-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-4" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-4-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-4-18691122 t18691122-4-offence-1 t18691122-4-verdict-1"/>
<p>4.
<persName id="def1-4-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-4-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18691122" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18691122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-4-18691122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi>, (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-4-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-4-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-4-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIGHTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-30" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-30" type="surname" value="HANNAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-30" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE HANNAFORD</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Hand in Hand public-house—on 22nd October, about 11.30, I served the prisoner with a pint of beer—he gave me a bad half-crown—I gave it to my husband, and the pot boy fetched a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-31" type="surname" value="HANNAPORD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-31" type="given" value="JOHN FREDERICK"/>JOHN FREDERICK HANNAPORD</persName> </hi>. I keep the Hand in Hand, Holborn—my wife gave me this bad half-crown, and I said to the prisoner, "Have you got any more?—he said "Yes," took some money out of his pocket, with some coppers, and gave me a good half-crown—I sent for a policeman—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220012"/>
<p>prisoner said that he did not mind going to the station, but he was anxious to get on a Royal Blue bus.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-32" type="surname" value="KEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-32" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 155). I was called, and took the prisoner—he said that he did not know he had any other money—I found on him two good half crowns, some coppers, a tobacco box, and some stamps—the prosecutor gave met his half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-33" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-33" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Robin Hood, Holborn—Mr. Arnold is the landlord—the prisoner came there with a woman, in the middle of October, about 10 a.m., for two glasses of porter, and gave me a half-crown—I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and put the half-crown in the till, where there was no other—the landlord spoke to me ten minutes afterwards—I looked at the half-crown, and it was counterfeit—no other half-crown had been put into the till.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> How came you to take it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not observe it much, as it was a very foggy morning—a policeman spoke to me about it, it might be a fortnight afterwards—the policeman did not describe you to me—no bad money has been offered me since you have been here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-34" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-34" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ARNOLD</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Robin Hood—I went to my till on this morning, and found a bad half-crown, two sixpences, and a shilling—I gave the half-crown to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-35" type="surname" value="SUTTERS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-35" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH SUTTERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E R</hi> 23). I received this bad half-crown from Mr. Arnold.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you give my description to the witnesses?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM WEBSTER</hi>. These coins are both bad—one is of 1818, and the other 1824.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I want the witnesses called who have spoken against my character.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">J. SUTTERS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you say all this which is in your depositions? (
<hi rend="italic">As to the prisoner's previous conviction</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, because there was a very strong likeness in the prisoner. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">slated that the charge of former conviction was withdrawn.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-4-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-4-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-4-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-5">
<interp inst="t18691122-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-5" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-5-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18691122 t18691122-5-offence-1 t18691122-5-verdict-1"/>
<p>5.
<persName id="def1-5-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-5-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18691122" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18691122" type="surname" value="GODSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-5-18691122" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GODSELL</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-5-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-5-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-5-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIGHTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-37" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-37" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE WALLACE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Rowland Henry Wallace, of Priory Tavern, Bromley—on 1st November I served the prisoner with two-penny
<lb/>worth of rum—he gave me a bad shilling—I bit it, and he took out a sixpence, and said, "Take it out of this"—I said, "Do you know where you took it from?"—he said, "I suppose somewhere," and left—on the Friday following he came again, with a lad, who asked for a pint of ale, and put down a florin—I recognized the prisoner, and found it was bad—I said, "This is very strange; you came here last Monday morning, and uttered a bad shilling, and now your friend, or mate, gives me a bad 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece. I shall keep this and make you a present of the pint of ale"—they drank the ale and left—I marked the florin, and gave it to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> How do you recognize me as the man who came on the Monday?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> By your voice, features, and scarf—I noticed you because you took up the shilling so suddenly that I should have kept you then if I could.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-38" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROGERS</persName> </hi>. I keep the John Bull, Bromley—on 3rd November I served the prisoner with a half-pint of beer, and he gave me a half-crown—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220013"/>
<p>put it in the till where there was no other half-crown, and gave him the change—I afterwards found it was bad, and gave it to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Have I been into your house since?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, two or three times; but I thought it was no use telling you of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-39" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-39" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-39" type="given" value="JANE MARY"/>JANE MARY CHANDLER</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Lord Campbell, Bow—on 12th November, the prisoner and another man came in, about 8.30, for a pint of porter—the prisoner gave me a bad florin, which I showed to Mrs. Vincent, who said, "Are you aware that this is a bad 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece?"—the prisoner said, "No, you make a mistake."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-40" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-40" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-40" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY VINCENT</persName> </hi>. On 12th November Jane Chandler gave me a bad florin—I gave it to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-41" type="surname" value="DUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-41" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DUCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 435). I took the prisoner, and received this florin from Mrs. Vincent, this half-crown from Rogers, and this florin from Wallace—he said that he did not know it was bad—he gave his name Thomas Skiff.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-42" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-42" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are all bad, and the florins are from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-5-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-5-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-5-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-5-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-5-18691122 t18691122-5-punishment-4"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-6">
<interp inst="t18691122-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-6" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-6-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18691122 t18691122-6-offence-1 t18691122-6-verdict-1"/>
<p>6.
<persName id="def1-6-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-6-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18691122" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18691122" type="surname" value="STARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-6-18691122" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED STARTIN</hi> (24)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18691122-6-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-6-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-6-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIGHTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-44" type="surname" value="BENNINGFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-44" type="given" value="MATILDA"/>MATILDA BENNINGFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Benningfield, tobacconist, of 60, St. Martin's Le Grand—on Wednesday, 27th October, about 6 p.m., the prisoner came in for a three-halfpenny cigar, and gave me a sixpence—I gave him change, and he turned to go, but my husband tried the sixpence, found it was bad, and went after him—I had put it in a drawer where there were two old sixpences—this was a new one, and the old ones were at the back of the tray—two days afterwards my husband called me into the shop, and I saw the prisoner and identified him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-45" type="surname" value="BENNINGFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-45" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BENNINGFIELD</persName> </hi>. On 27th October my wife served the prisoner with a cigar, and he left—shortly afterwards I looked in the till and found a bad sixpence in front of the tray—I did not notice whether there were others—I went to look after him—on 29th October, about 3 o'clock, I served the prisoner with a cigar, and he gave me a bad sixpence—I called my wife, and said, "Do you know this man?"—she said, "This is the man who passed the bad sixpence the other day"—I do not remember whether the prisoner said anything—I gave him in charge with the two sixpences.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-46" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-46" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 120). The prisoner was given into my custody on 20th October—I searched him at the station, and found a bad sixpence in his waistcoat pocket, wrapped up in paper, and 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good coin—I received these two sixpences from Mr. Benningfield.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-47" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These three sixpences are bad, and the two passed at Mr. Benningfield's are from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I did tender a sixpence that evening, but whether that is the one I cannot say.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-6-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-6-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-6-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-6-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-6-18691122 t18691122-6-punishment-5"/>Two Years' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-7">
<interp inst="t18691122-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-7" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-7-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18691122 t18691122-7-offence-1 t18691122-7-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-7-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-18691122 t18691122-7-offence-1 t18691122-7-verdict-1"/>
<p>7.
<persName id="def1-7-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-7-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18691122" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18691122" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-7-18691122" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD DOUGLAS</hi> (35)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-7-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-7-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-18691122" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-18691122" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="def2-7-18691122" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE DOUGLAS</hi> (30)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18691122-7-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-7-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-7-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIGHTMAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-50" type="surname" value="BEALER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-50" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA BEALER</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Notting Barn Tavern, Silchester Road, Netting Hill—on 13th November, about 9.30 p.m., I served the prisoner with three-half pennyworth of rum—he gave me a half-crown—I being it, and told him it was bad—he said he was very sorry, he had just</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220014"/>
<p>received it from Mr. Miller, for his work—I kept it, and he went out and came back, and paid me three-half pence—I refused to give him the half-crown back, and he said that I had better break it, that nobody else should get it—I put it on a shelf by itself, and he left—I afterwards received information, and saw the female prisoner in Mr. Attler's shop, receiving a bad half-crown and giving a good one—I knew her before—the male prisoner was about twenty yards off, standing about, and I should say that he could see the shop window—I gave the half-crown to the inspector at the station, and he gave it to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Jane Douglas.</hi> My husband was not in my company, and I did not know he was there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-51" type="surname" value="ALLMAY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-51" type="given" value="SAMUEL THOMAS"/>SAMUEL THOMAS ALLMAY</persName> </hi>. I keep the Ale Stores beer-shop, Silchester Road—at 10 o'clock at night the male prisoner came in for a half-pint of beer, and gave me a bad half-crown—I bent it, and said, "This is a bad half-crown, have you got any more about you? where did you get it?"—he said, "I was out at work yesterday, and took it for wages"—I put it in my pocket, and he gave me a good sixpence—I gave it to the police—I was alone on both occasions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-52" type="surname" value="HOWES"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-52" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HOWES</persName> </hi>. I keep the Red Lion, Notting Hill—in November, Jane Douglas and another woman came, and I served them with a quartern of gin—Jane Douglas gave me a half-crown—I gave her 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and they left—I then received information, found the half-crown was bad, and gave it to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Jane Douglas.</hi> The other woman called for the drink; I do not know what she put down; I never had a farthing in my pocket.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I am positive you put it down, I have known you so long.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-53" type="surname" value="HATLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-53" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HATLOW</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer, of 77, Bromley Road, Notting Hill—Jane Douglas came there for a cabbage, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she took out her purse, and I saw two half-crowns in it, one good and one bad—I could see the difference in them—she paid me with the bad one—I said, "This is a bad one"—she said, "Oh, is it; I am very sorry," and took it from my hand—a policeman came, and she was given in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-54" type="surname" value="DRAVETT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-54" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DRAVETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 37). On 13th November, about 11.30, I heard a conversation between the female prisoner and the greengrocer, and seized her hand, and took from it this bad half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took her in custody, and the male prisoner came across and asked me what I was taking her for—I said, "You are the man who is charged with passing bad money in the neighbourhood, as well"—Miss Bealer came and said, "That is the man that passed bad money at our house, and at the beer-stores as well"—I took the female prisoner to the station, and left the man in charge of the potman—I searched the man, and found this bad shilling, 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 3 1/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I received this half crown from Mr. Howes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-55" type="surname" value="KILLBEN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-55" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS KILLBEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi>). I took the male prisoner, and received the half crown from Mr. Allmay.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-56" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The coins passed are bad; the four half-crowns are from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">R. Douglas's Defence</hi>. I changed a sovereign, and had these three half-crowns in the change; if I had known they were bad I should not have passed them in my own neighbourhood.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Jane Douglas's Defence</hi>. I did not know it was bad; it was not me that put down the money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-7-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-7-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-7-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-7-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-7-18691122 t18691122-7-punishment-6"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-7-18691122 t18691122-7-punishment-6"/>Two Years' Imprisonment each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-8">
<interp inst="t18691122-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-8" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-8-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18691122 t18691122-8-offence-1 t18691122-8-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220015"/>
<p>8.
<persName id="def1-8-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-8-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18691122" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18691122" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def1-8-18691122" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY EVANS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-8-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-8-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-8-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-8-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-8-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-8-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to embezzling the sums of 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of the
<persName id="t18691122-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-58" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-8-offence-1 t18691122-name-58"/>Mayor and Commonalty of the City of London</persName>, his masters—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-8-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-8-18691122 t18691122-8-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-9">
<interp inst="t18691122-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-9" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-9-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18691122 t18691122-9-offence-1 t18691122-9-verdict-1"/>
<p>9.
<persName id="def1-9-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-9-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18691122" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18691122" type="surname" value="LISLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-9-18691122" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES LISLEY</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-9-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-9-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-9-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18691122-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-60" type="surname" value="BUTLERS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-60" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-9-offence-1 t18691122-name-60"/>Ann Butlers</persName>, and stealing one watch, her property—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character—
<rs id="t18691122-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-9-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-9-18691122 t18691122-9-punishment-8"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-9-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-9-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-9-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-10">
<interp inst="t18691122-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-10" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-10-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18691122 t18691122-10-offence-1 t18691122-10-verdict-1"/>
<p>10.
<persName id="def1-10-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-10-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18691122" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18691122" type="surname" value="LEAREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-10-18691122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LEAREY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-10-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-10-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-10-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing two necklaces, five gold chains, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18691122-name-62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-62" type="surname" value="TARRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-62" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-10-offence-1 t18691122-name-62"/>Joseph Tarrant</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-10-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-10-18691122 t18691122-10-punishment-9"/>Twelve Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-10-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-10-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-10-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-11">
<interp inst="t18691122-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-11" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-11-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18691122 t18691122-11-offence-1 t18691122-11-verdict-1"/>
<p>11.
<persName id="def1-11-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-11-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18691122" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18691122" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-11-18691122" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD WEST</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-11-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-11-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-11-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18691122-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-64" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-64" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-11-offence-1 t18691122-name-64"/>James Smart</persName>, and stealing thirty yards of flannel, his property,</rs> having been before convicted**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-11-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-11-18691122 t18691122-11-punishment-10"/>Fifteen Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18691122-11-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-11-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-11-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-12">
<interp inst="t18691122-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-12" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-12-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18691122 t18691122-12-offence-1 t18691122-12-verdict-1"/>
<p>12.
<persName id="def1-12-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-12-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18691122" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18691122" type="surname" value="BENTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-12-18691122" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH BENTLEY</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-12-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-12-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-12-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, to unlawfully publishing a defamatory libel con
<lb/>cerning the
<persName id="t18691122-name-66" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-66" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-12-offence-1 t18691122-name-66"/>European Assurance Company</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-12-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-12-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-12-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-12-18691122 t18691122-12-punishment-11"/>To enter into hit own recogni
<lb/>sances to appear and receive judgment when called upon.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-12-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-12-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-12-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-13">
<interp inst="t18691122-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-13" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-13-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18691122 t18691122-13-offence-1 t18691122-13-verdict-1"/>
<p>13.
<persName id="def1-13-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-13-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18691122" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18691122" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-13-18691122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HAYES</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-13-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-13-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-13-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-13-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-13-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-13-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously breaking and entering a building within the curtilage of the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18691122-name-68" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-68" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-68" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-13-offence-1 t18691122-name-68"/>John King</persName>, and stealing 100 lbs. of skins, and 8 lbs. of pork, his property—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-13-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-13-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-13-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-13-18691122 t18691122-13-punishment-12"/>Recommended to Mercy by the Prosecutor—Three Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-14">
<interp inst="t18691122-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-14" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-14-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18691122 t18691122-14-offence-1 t18691122-14-verdict-1"/>
<p>14.
<persName id="def1-14-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-14-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18691122" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18691122" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-14-18691122" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HUBBARD</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-14-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-14-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-14-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18691122-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-70" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-70" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-14-offence-1 t18691122-name-70"/>Jacob Hubbard</persName> (his father), and stealing a mattrass, his property, having been before con
<lb/>victed of felony—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-14-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-14-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-14-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-14-18691122 t18691122-14-punishment-13"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-14-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-14-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-14-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-15">
<interp inst="t18691122-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-15" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-15-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18691122 t18691122-15-offence-1 t18691122-15-verdict-1"/>
<p>15.
<persName id="def1-15-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-15-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18691122" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18691122" type="surname" value="PEAGRUM"/>
<interp inst="def1-15-18691122" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD PEAGRUM</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-15-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-15-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-15-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a handkerchief, of
<persName id="t18691122-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-72" type="surname" value="BUCKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-72" type="given" value="DENIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-15-offence-1 t18691122-name-72"/>Denis Buckin</persName>, from his person, having been before convicted of felony—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-15-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-15-18691122 t18691122-15-punishment-14"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-15-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-15-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-15-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-16">
<interp inst="t18691122-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-16" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-16-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18691122 t18691122-16-offence-1 t18691122-16-verdict-1"/>
<p>16.
<persName id="def1-16-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-16-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18691122" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18691122" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="def1-16-18691122" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MASON</hi> (14)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-16-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-16-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-16-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously forging and uttering a cheque for the payment of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to Mercy—
<rs id="t18691122-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-16-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-16-18691122 t18691122-16-punishment-15"/>Six Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-16-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-16-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-16-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-17">
<interp inst="t18691122-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-17" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-17-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18691122 t18691122-17-offence-1 t18691122-17-verdict-1"/>
<p>17.
<persName id="def1-17-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-17-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18691122" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18691122" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-17-18691122" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HENRY DURRANT</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-17-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-17-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-17-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling the sums of 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 67
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the moneys of
<persName id="t18691122-name-75" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-75" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-75" type="given" value="HENRY CHRISTOPHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-17-offence-1 t18691122-name-75"/>Henry Christopher Roberts</persName>, and others, his masters—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-17-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-17-18691122 t18691122-17-punishment-16"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-17-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-17-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-17-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-18">
<interp inst="t18691122-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-18" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-18-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18691122 t18691122-18-offence-1 t18691122-18-verdict-1"/>
<p>18.
<persName id="def1-18-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-18-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18691122" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18691122" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="def1-18-18691122" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN SPENCER</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-18-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-18-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-18-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing 25 yards of flannel of
<persName id="t18691122-name-77" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-77" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-77" type="given" value="ZACHARIAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-18-offence-1 t18691122-name-77"/>Zachariah Simpson</persName>, having been before convicted of felony—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-18-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-18-18691122 t18691122-18-punishment-17"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-18-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-18-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-18-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-19">
<interp inst="t18691122-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-19" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-19-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18691122 t18691122-19-offence-1 t18691122-19-verdict-1"/>
<p>19.
<persName id="def1-19-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-19-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18691122" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18691122" type="surname" value="HYDE"/>
<interp inst="def1-19-18691122" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HYDE</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-19-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-19-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-19-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling the sums of 411
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the moneys of
<persName id="t18691122-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-79" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-19-offence-1 t18691122-name-79"/>John Gurney</persName> and others</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-19-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-19-18691122 t18691122-19-punishment-18"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And
<rs id="t18691122-19-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-19-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-19-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-20">
<interp inst="t18691122-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-20" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-20-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18691122 t18691122-20-offence-1 t18691122-20-verdict-1"/>
<p>20.
<persName id="def1-20-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-20-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18691122" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18691122" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-20-18691122" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS JONES</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-20-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-20-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-20-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18691122-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-81" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-81" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-20-offence-1 t18691122-name-81"/>William Henry Parker</persName>, and stealing three skirts, baring been before convicted of felony**—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-20-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-20-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-20-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-20-18691122 t18691122-20-punishment-19"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-20-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-20-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-20-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-21">
<interp inst="t18691122-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-21" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-21-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18691122 t18691122-21-offence-1 t18691122-21-verdict-1"/>
<p>21.
<persName id="def1-21-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-21-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18691122" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18691122" type="surname" value="SIMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-21-18691122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SIMS</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-21-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-21-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-21-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing three tame fowls, of
<persName id="t18691122-name-83" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-83" type="surname" value="WOODBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-83" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-21-offence-1 t18691122-name-83"/>Charles Wood
<lb/>bridge.</persName> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-84" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-84" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MASON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant A R</hi> 413). I am stationed at Uxbridge—on Tuesday night, 16th November, about 10.15, I was outside Mr. Wood-bridge's premises—the river runs through a field where I was—about sixty yards from the fowl-house I saw the prisoner walking along the field, in a direction from the premises—he got over some hurdles into the foot-path, near the river—I went and met him—I knew him before—I asked him what he had been in the field for—he said, "I have been in no field"—I said, "It looks very suspicious; what have you got about you?"—he said, "Nothing!"—I said I wanted to see what he had got about him, and I felt the side of his jacket—he then seized me by the throat, and said he would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220016"/>
<p>see me b—before he would tell me—a struggle took place, and we fell down—we got up, and he got hold of me again—I caught hold of him again, with his back to the river, and I pushed him into the river, as I could see that he was trying to push me in; it was not very deep, just enough to cover him all over—I picked him out again, and searched him, and took from his jacket pocket three dead fowls, two cocks and a hen; they were warm, and had evidently just been killed—I took the prisoner to the station—on the way there he said the fowls did not belong to him; they belonged to me—he then said they were swimming down the river, and be went in to pick them out, for fear they should be drowned—I found this key upon him—I have tried it to the lock of Mr. Woodbridge's hen-house, and it fits the lock—I showed the fowls to Harman and Weatherley, and they ideiiti
<lb/>fied them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> The prisoner wan wet, was he not?
<hi rend="italic">A. He</hi> appeared I wet about the bottom of the legs—when I first stopped him he seemed as though he had walked through the river—the fowls were wet, the water I had got into his pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-85" type="surname" value="WEATHERLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-85" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID WEATHERLEY</persName> </hi>. I am under gardener to Mr. Woodbridge—on Tuesday afternoon, about 5 o'clock, I looked through the beer-house, and the fowls were all safe—in the morning, about 6.45, the two cocks and the hen were shown to me by the sergeant; they were the property of Mr. Woodbridge—I had known them ever since they were hatched—the look of the hen-house door was not damaged at all, but it was partly open.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-86" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-86" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am gardener to Mr. Woodbridge—the constable showed me the two cocks and the hen—they were Mr. Woodbridge's property.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-21-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-21-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-21-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-21-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-21-18691122 t18691122-21-punishment-20"/>Two Years Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-22">
<interp inst="t18691122-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-22" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-22-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-22-18691122 t18691122-22-offence-1 t18691122-22-verdict-1"/>
<p>22.
<persName id="def1-22-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-22-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18691122" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18691122" type="surname" value="GAMBLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-22-18691122" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GAMBLE</hi> (33)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18691122-22-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-22-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-22-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> for feloniously forging and uttering two requests for the delivery of goods, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. H. LEWIS</hi>, for
<hi rend="italic">the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-22-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-22-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-22-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-23">
<interp inst="t18691122-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-23" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-23-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-23-18691122 t18691122-23-offence-1 t18691122-23-verdict-1"/>
<p>23.
<persName id="def1-23-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-23-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18691122" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18691122" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="def1-23-18691122" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN DUNN</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-23-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-23-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-23-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully conspiring with a person un
<lb/>known, to obtain money from
<persName id="t18691122-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-89" type="surname" value="DEVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-89" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-23-offence-1 t18691122-name-89"/>Joseph Devill</persName>, by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Court considered there was no case to go to the Jury.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-23-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-23-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-23-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-24">
<interp inst="t18691122-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-24" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-24-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-24-18691122 t18691122-24-offence-1 t18691122-24-verdict-1"/>
<p>24.
<persName id="def1-24-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-24-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18691122" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18691122" type="surname" value="GARFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-24-18691122" type="given" value="OSBORN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSBORN WILLIAM GARFORD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-24-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-24-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-24-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a bill of exchange for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MACRAE MOIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-91" type="surname" value="HARTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-91" type="given" value="CHARLES ALFRED"/>CHARLES ALFRED HARTLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a saddler, of 20, Portman Street, Marylebone—I have known the prisoner for some time—I have discounted some bills for him—he was introduced to me by Mr. Reece—this 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill was brought to me by the prisoner on 11th April—I had done bills for him before, of his mother's—he said, "This one is signed by my mother," and asked me to get it discounted for him; I did so—I had no suspicions about the bill until I brought an action against the mother in the Marylebone County Court, and she made an affidavit—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the writ of summons in that action, and this is the affidavit—I did not recover.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you discount young gentlemen's bills?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I never did any before this—I think the prisoner first came with his friend, Mr. Reece—I don't know who Mr. Reece is—he is a gentleman—I believe he has run away—he got into my debt for some saddles and things—I believe he is a racing gentleman—I think I had discounted three bills for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220017"/>
<p>the prisoner before—they were drawn by his mother—I hare received one letter from his mother—I don't know that it was about the time this bill was brought to me—the mother came to me herself in the first place—I think that was upon the first bill, the first or second—she told me it was her bill, and she said she wanted to give her son some money—I discounted that bill, and it was regularly paid, and the second bill also—I can't tell you how this began—the prisoner used to call with Mr. Reeoe, that was how it began—I had never discounted bills for Mr. Reeoe—he was a minor then—I had no racing transactions with the prisoner, nor any business transact
<lb/>tions—he had 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill—it was a three months bill.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-92" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-92" type="surname" value="GARFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-92" type="given" value="MARGARET WRIGHT"/>MARGARET WRIGHT GARFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at Kent Villas, St. Alban's—the prisoner is my son—this bill of exchange is not my writing—I did not authorise my son, or any one else, to sign it for me—I first knew of its existence just before the writ came—I defended the action brought by Mr. Hartley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Your boy, until he went to St. Alban's, was a very good boy, I believe?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He always has been—he got mixed up with racing men at St. Alban's—he lived with me—we have always been most happily united—I had accepted bills for him previous to this, at his request, to help him in his difficulties—he was extravagant, and I helped him—my property is not large—my solicitor made me promise not to accept any more—I did not give any direct authority to my son to sign this hill—we were living upon such terms that he might have implied an authority on my part—he might possibly think so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-93" type="surname" value="SPOONER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-93" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SPOONER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H R</hi> 31). I took the prisoner into custody on 30th October—I told him I took him into custody for the forgery of some bills of exchange—he said nothing at that time, but, at the station, he said he did forge the name, but it was with his mother's consent, he did not think Mr. Bartley would have done what he had done.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate: "</hi> All that I wish to say is, that my mother was cognizant of the bills after I had signed them, but it was some time after."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-24-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-24-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-24-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-25">
<interp inst="t18691122-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-25" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-25-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-25-18691122 t18691122-25-offence-1 t18691122-25-verdict-1"/>
<p>25.
<persName id="def1-25-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-25-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18691122" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18691122" type="surname" value="GARFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-25-18691122" type="given" value="OSBORN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSBORN WILLIAM GARFORD</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18691122-25-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-25-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-25-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MACRAR MOIR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-95" type="surname" value="BARTLKY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-95" type="given" value="CHARLES ALFRED"/>CHARLES ALFRED BARTLKY</persName> </hi>. The prisoner brought me this bill, for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., dated 8th April—I discounted it—he said it was drawn by his mother, the same as the other bills—when it came due, I brought an action upon it in the Superior Court, and after that the mother denied having signed the bill, and made an affidavit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How much did you give for that bill?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-96" type="surname" value="GARFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-96" type="given" value="MARGARET WRIGHT"/>MARGARET WRIGHT GARFORD</persName> </hi>. This bill purports to be drawn and endorsed by me—it is not my signature—I did not authorize my son to sign it for me, nor any one, or to put my name at the back—I first saw it when I was sued.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-25-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-25-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-25-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-26">
<interp inst="t18691122-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-26" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-26-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-26-18691122 t18691122-26-offence-1 t18691122-26-verdict-1"/>
<p>26.
<persName id="def1-26-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-26-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18691122" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18691122" type="surname" value="GARFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-26-18691122" type="given" value="OSBORN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OSBORN WILLIAM GARFORD</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18691122-26-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-26-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-26-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-98" type="surname" value="COLTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-98" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY COLTMAN</persName> </hi>. I Cary on business with Mr. Fryer, as tobacco and manufacturers, at 2 and 3. West Smithfield—at the latter end of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220018"/>
<p>January, 18(58, the prisoner came to our place—he said that he was in a very good position, and also when he was of age he should come into a good deal of money—between that time and February 24th, 1869, I trusted him with cigars amounting to 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—on 20th June, 1869, I received this letter from him—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Sir, being desirous of settling your little account, which I think has been standing long enough, I beg to offer you a bill of 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., signed by my mother, which I am about to get cashed, at one month; if you like to do it, take your balance, and hand me the difference, you can do so; I am of age in July, &c. 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. will keep me going for a month ")—I answered that letter, and he came to me on 25th June, and brought the bill with him—at that time the drawer's name, "Margaret Wright Harford," was on it, and it was also endorsed by her—I asked him if it was his mother's drawing, and also the endorsement, to which he replied it was—I then gave him this cheque for 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.,—it has come back through my banker's—I paid the bill into my banker's, and on 28th July it was dishonoured—my solicitors then wrote to him and to his mother—I did not see him afterwards—I did not get a fraction for the bill.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you taken any action on the bill?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I went to the County Court—I gave instructions to my solicitor to sue—whether any action has been taken upon it or not I don't know, I leave these things to my solicitor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-99" type="surname" value="GARFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-99" type="given" value="MARGARET WRIGHT"/>MARGARET WRIGHT GARFORD</persName> </hi>. I have another son besides the prisoner, between 14 and 15 years of age—in 1868 I had a conversation with the prisoner in reference to bills that I had paid for him—I think they were bills to the amount of 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that Mr. Bartley was paid; but I am not quite sure—I don't know whether they were the only bills I had paid for my son—I don't think there were any others—I can't remember—I only recollect Mr. Bartley as mixed up with bills—this has been such a painful matter to me that I scarcely know what to say—I have seen my solicitor many times upon the matter—I promised him that I would not sign any further bills—I can't say when that was—it was since Christmas, I think—I don't remem
<lb/>ber telling my son of that particularly—I saw him from day to day—I never break my word—since I made that promise I have never signed a bill—the signature to this bill is not mine, or by my authority, nor is the endorsement—I knew nothing of its existence before I was sued.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> Mamma, you are mistaken; you recollect a letter from Mr. Coltman?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> Yes, in which he offered to cash the bill.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLET</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What is the rental of the house where you live?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi>—I don't think that has anything to do with it—it is sixteen guineas a year—I do not carry on any business—I decline to answer whether I have any means of paying this 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was your son entitled to property when he came of age?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A reversion—I had drawn bills for him previously to 1868, and paid them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEBLET</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was the reversion, in money or lands?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Money—I decline to answer how much.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-100" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MOORE</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the prosecutor—I was present when the prisoner brought this bill—Mr. Coltraan asked him if it was his mother's signature—he said it was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was this what was said, "Is this your mother's drawing?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mr. Coltman asked if it was his mother's signature or drawing, I can't say which it was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-26-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-26-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-26-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-27">
<interp inst="t18691122-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-27" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-27-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18691122 t18691122-27-offence-1 t18691122-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-27-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-18691122 t18691122-27-offence-1 t18691122-27-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-27-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-18691122 t18691122-27-offence-1 t18691122-27-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220019"/>
<p>27.
<persName id="def1-27-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-27-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18691122" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18691122" type="surname" value="DAVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-27-18691122" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DAVEY</hi> (20)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-27-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-27-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-18691122" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-18691122" type="surname" value="BEAMISH"/>
<interp inst="def2-27-18691122" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES BEAMISH</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-27-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-27-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-18691122" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-18691122" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="def3-27-18691122" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES LEE</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-27-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-27-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-27-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18691122-name-104" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-104" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-104" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-27-offence-1 t18691122-name-104"/>George Gray</persName>, and stealing a watch I and 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Protection.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-105" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-105" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 26, Peel Street, Kensington—on Sunday night, 31st October, about 11.30, I was at the Prince of Wales, having a glass of ale—the prisoners were there—I got talking to Davey, and gave her a glass of ale—we all came out together—I stood talking to Davey in Prince of Wales' Terrace, and the two male prisoners came up—one of them, I think Beamish, knocked me in the eye, and knocked me backwards, and Lee fell on the top of me, kicking me—then the three of them came on top of me, and picked my pocket of my watch, a silver chain, a spade guinea, a fourpenny piece, two keys, and a seal, and 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. besides, which I had in my left-hand pocket—they then went away, leaving me senseless—I remained so for about half-an-hour, as I thought—I then got up, and went straight to the police-station, and gave information—I gave the constable a description of the prisoners—I am quite sure they are the persons—I have known them for the last seven or eight years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Lee. Q.</hi> How came you to know me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Your mother lives in the same street; she worked along with my wife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Reamish. Q.</hi> When did you first know me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have always seen you about Netting Hill and Kensington—I saw you and Lee as we wore taking Davey to the station, and pointed you out to the constable—you went into the Prince of Wales, and after we got Davey to the station we went back and took you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Davey. Q.</hi> Were you not very much the worse for drink?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I treated you to three pennyworth of rum—I have seen you many a time before with Beamish.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-106" type="surname" value="DALEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-106" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES DALEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). The prosecutor came to me at the station on the Monday morning, about 10.30, complained of having been robbed, and gave me a description of the persons—in consequence of that description I apprehended the prisoners—I took Davey first—I told her she was charged with robbing the prosecutor of his watch and 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., a seal, a fourpenny bit, and a watch guard—she said, "I laugh at that as I do at other things"—I took the two male prisoners a few minutes afterwards in the Prince of Wales public-house, Church Street, Kensington—the prosecutor had pointed them out to me—I told them the charge—they said one to the other, "This is something good "—in taking them to the station Beamish kicked me very severely on the legs—I have seen the three constantly together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-107" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-107" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN BUTLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 63). About 11.30 on this Sunday night I saw Davey in Victoria Road, Kensington, running in a direction from where the prosecutor was robbed—Beamish and another one were with her—I am not able to say who the other was—I did not see his face—they were about 50 yards from Prince of Wales' Terrace—about 20 minutes to half an hour after they passed me, I saw the prosecutor—he was bleeding very much from his eye and the back of his head—he made a com
<lb/>plaint to me and gave me a description of some persons—I have seen the procures together before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-108" type="surname" value="LANGSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LANGSTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 161). On this Sunday night, about 12 o'clock, I saw the three prisoners together, turning the corner of Cannon Place, loading into Gloucester Road—that is about live minutes' walk from</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220020"/>
<p>Victoria Road—I can swear to Lee and Davey, but idiot to the other—I know Davey—I have frequently seen her in High Street, Kensington.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-109" type="surname" value="LOVE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-109" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER LOVE</persName> </hi> I live at 7, Prince of Wales' Terrace—on this Sunday I was shutting up—I saw the prosecutor and two men and a woman—one of the men struck the prosecutor on the head, knocked him down and kicked him—they then went away altogether, towards the Victoria Road—I spoke to the prosecutor—he was bleeding, and he said he was hurt very much indeed—he then went away—I can't swear to either of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Davey's Defence</hi>. On Sunday night four weeks the prosecutor asked me to have some beer with him, and he paid for three or four pots of six ale. I did not see him again till I went into the very public-house, and if I I had committed such a robbery would I have gone in there again? I did not see the two young men on the Sunday night or the Saturday night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Beamish's Defence.</hi> I met this chap (Lee) and had some beer with him and went home. I never came out or saw anything of the prosecutor that night I was not in the young woman's company at all, and had not spoken to her for a fortnight before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Lee' Defence</hi>. I never saw the prosecutor before in my life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-27-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-27-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-27-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DAVEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">father</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to having been before convicted on the December,</hi> 1863.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-27-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-27-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-27-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-27-18691122 t18691122-27-punishment-21"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEAMISH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and
<hi rend="largeCaps">LEE</hi>
<rs id="t18691122-27-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-27-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-27-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-18691122 t18691122-27-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-18691122 t18691122-27-punishment-22"/>Eighteen Month' Imprisonment each</rs>, and
<rs id="t18691122-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-27-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-27-18691122 t18691122-27-punishment-23"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-27-18691122 t18691122-27-punishment-23"/>Twenty-five Lathe with the Cat.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-28">
<interp inst="t18691122-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-28" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-28-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18691122 t18691122-28-offence-1 t18691122-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-28-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-18691122 t18691122-28-offence-1 t18691122-28-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-28-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-28-18691122 t18691122-28-offence-1 t18691122-28-verdict-2"/>
<p>28.
<persName id="def1-28-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-28-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18691122" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18691122" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-28-18691122" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES JACKSON</hi> (39)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-28-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-28-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-18691122" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-18691122" type="surname" value="SAGE"/>
<interp inst="def2-28-18691122" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK SAGE</hi> (30)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-28-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-28-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-28-18691122" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def3-28-18691122" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def3-28-18691122" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH JACKSON</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-28-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-28-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-28-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing two dead pigs, the property of
<persName id="t18691122-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-113" type="surname" value="BIRDSEYE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-28-offence-1 t18691122-name-113"/>John Birdseye</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-114" type="surname" value="DARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-114" type="given" value="THOMAS ADINGTON"/>THOMAS ADINGTON DARRINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am a meat salesman, hi the New Metropolitan Meat Market—on 29th October I sold the carcasses of four pigs to Mr. Birdseye—they were weighed and hung up in the shop—I afterwards saw a carcass of a dead pig at Smithfield police-station—it was one of those I had sold to Mr. Birdseye.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-115" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-115" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am salesman to Mr. Darrington—about 8.30 on the 29th October, I weighed four pig for Mr. Birdseye, and hung them up in the shop, ready for him to come for them—a man came into the shop and asked for four pigs for Mr. Birdseye—I said, "There are two of them"—he only took two away—I don't know who the man was—it was neither of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-116" type="surname" value="DOWDELL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DOWDELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Detective-Sergeant E</hi>). On 29th October, about 9 o'clock, I went with two detectives to 1, Argyle Row, King's Cross—the two Jacksons lived there, hi a back room on the first floor—I went into the room and saw Elizabeth Jackson there—there was a dead pig lying on a chair—I asked her how she accounted for it being there—she said two men had brought it there that morning—I asked her who the two men were—she said she did not know, at first, and then she said, "It was a man who lives here"—I waited there for half an hour, and then the prisoner Charles Jackson came there—I asked him how he accounted for the pig being there—he said he had it there to mind for his master—I asked him who his master was, and he refused to tell me—Sage was brought in by Carter—as he came in Jackson said, "That is my master"—Sage said, "No, I am not; I don't know you."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-117" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-117" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CARTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Detective E</hi>). I was with the last witness—I went to Argyle Ro and saw the two male prisoners outside the house,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220021"/>
<p>talking—I went up stairs with Sergeant Dowdell, and waited on the stairs—about half an hour afterwards Jackson came up and went into the room—about three-quarters of an hour after that Sage came up, with a woman—he listened at the door—I said, "What are you about here?"—he said, "I have come to see a friend"—I said, "You have been here this morning, before"—he said, "No, I have not"—I said, "Yes, you have; you have been here with another man, and brought in a dead pig"—he said, "I have not"—I knocked at the door, and some one opened it—as soon as we entered, Jackson said, "That is my master, that I had to bring the pig for"—I took Sage to the station—on the way there he said, "I met a man coming from the market this morning, and he gave me a pig to carry, and I was to have a shilling for my trouble"—I told him I knew the man well—I said, "I have known you both for years together, as being associates."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Charles Jackson. Q.</hi> Do you say you knew me for years?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I knew you in the neighbourhood—I never knew you in trouble or in prison before; but I have known you as selling legs of pork for 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pound, and legs of mutton for 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pound.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sage. Q.</hi> How long have you known me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> For years—you had been living in the neighbourhood of the Hackney Road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-118" type="surname" value="CHAMBERLAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-118" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CHAMBERLAIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Detective E</hi>). I was in company with the other officers—I took the two women into custody—one of them was dis
<lb/>charged—Jackson was the other—on the way Jackson said, "We are b——well in for it now,
<hi rend="italic">Jessy;</hi> but I am sorry for you."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-119" type="surname" value="BIRDSEYE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-119" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN BIRDSEYE</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, at 78, Lower Marsh, Lambeth—on 29th October last I bought four pigs from Mr. Darrington—I received three of them—I received the other after it had been stolen—it was given to me by the policeman—that was the one that was found in the room—the value of the pig was 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I know nothing of the prisoners—I did not instruct them to fetch the pig away—my own man fetched the two pigs, which were left in the shop—I sent for four, but he only got two.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Charles Jackson's Defence.</hi> I had the pig given me to sell on commission. Elizabeth Jackson knew nothing of how I got the pig. I did not say anything to her about it; she is quite innocent. Of course I plead guilty, as I was in possession of the pig.
<hi rend="italic">Sage's Defence.</hi> I know nothing whatever of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES JACKSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAGE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-28-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-28-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-28-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-28-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-28-18691122 t18691122-28-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-28-18691122 t18691122-28-punishment-24"/>Fifteen Months' Imprison
<lb/>ment each.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH JACKSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-28-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-28-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-28-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, November</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-29">
<interp inst="t18691122-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-29" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-29-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18691122 t18691122-29-offence-1 t18691122-29-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-29-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-18691122 t18691122-29-offence-1 t18691122-29-verdict-1"/>
<p>29.
<persName id="def1-29-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-29-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18691122" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18691122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-29-18691122" type="given" value="GEORGE STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE STEPHEN SMITH</hi> (30)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-29-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-29-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-18691122" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-18691122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def2-29-18691122" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER SMITH</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-29-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-29-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-29-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing a silver tureen and other articles, value 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18691122-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-122" type="surname" value="BOUSTEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-29-offence-1 t18691122-name-122"/>John Boustead</persName>, in his dwelling-house.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—Feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER SMITH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-29-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-29-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-29-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. H. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Protection.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-123" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-123" type="given" value="CLARA EMILY"/>CLARA EMILY WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live at 20, Upper Westbourne Terrace—in October, 1867, I sent a box of plate, containing a soup tureen and a number of spoons and forks, value 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—part of it was presentation silver to my grandfather—the tureen was part of the testimonial—the plate corresponded with this side dish (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it had a similar inscription and a crest—the tureen was quite round, and had a high cover—it was on a pedestal—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220022"/>
<p>packed the plate myself and counted it—I received the case back last September, and found the silver all missing, except these two side dishes, two spoons, and some silver knives—the tureen was not battered at all when I sent it to Price & Boustead's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-124" type="surname" value="WASHBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-124" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK WASHBORNE</persName> </hi>. I am cashier to Price & Boustead, of 34, Craven Street, Strand—I recollect a box of plate being sent from Miss Wright—it was kept in the butler's pantry, outside the strong room—Walter Smith was Mr. Boustead's footman—Mr. Boustead came to town this year and stopped till the beginning of April—he ordinarily resides in the north—Walter Smith went to the north with him in April, and I have not seen him since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-125" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-125" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>). I was in Mr. Boustead's service, in Craven I Street—this box of plate was kept in my pantry—my brother came to visit me, from time to time, and I used to see him in the pantry—I have pleaded guilty to taking this soup tureen—my brother was not in the house at the time I took it—he had not spoken to me about taking it, and he did not know it was there—I do not know who took it—it was not in the chest when I took the plate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have pleaded guilty to stealing the tureen?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not the tureen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What plate did you take?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Some small plate and three cups—my brother had nothing to do with stealing them, only with disposing of them—I put them in my bag, in March, and gave them, I suppose, to my brother—it was night, and I cannot positively swear, but I suppose it was him—I did not break the case open, it was broken open I when I went to it—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), from the House of Detention, is my writing—I do not know where the plate was disposed of—I got nothing I for it—I took it because I knew my brother was in bad circumstances—I still persist that I did not give him the tureen.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">G. S. Smith. Q.</hi> Do you say I assisted you in disposing of this plate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I suppose you disposed of it—I gave it to you in a black bag, between 7 and 8 o'clock at night, in Craven Court—I do not positively swear that it was to you—this is the bag (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you go out into Craven Court, and give it to any one you met?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I went to meet my brother in Craven Court—I had arranged to do so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is Craven Court so dark that you cannot distinguish between one person and another?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is dark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-126" type="surname" value="SALOME"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-126" type="given" value="SAMPSON"/>SAMPSON SALOME</persName> </hi>. I am a silversmith, of 278, Westminster Bridge Road—about the end of February a tureen, with a round foot and two bandies, was brought to me by George Smith—the Hall mark was George III.'s reign, with the date letter 1808 or 1809, and armorial bearings the same as are on this dish, and the same letter M—it was very much battered, and I asked him where he got it—he said, "From a young man, who got it from his uncle"—I refused to buy it, and told him to return it to where he got it—I after
<lb/>wards gave it to the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">G. S. Smith. Q.</hi> Was there any cover to it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—you did not point to the arms, and say, "Not the Elephant and Castle, but the Lion and Castle"—you said that if I purchased the tureen I could likewise purchase a large number of spoons and forks which the same party had.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-127" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-127" type="given" value="SARAH ELIZA"/>SARAH ELIZA HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, of 34, Craven Court—I recollect the box of plate being in the prisoner Walter's pantry—his brother visited</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220023"/>
<p>him there from time to time, and stopped some considerable time—in February or March last George Smith came with a black bag resembling this, between 11 and 12 o'clock—he said that he had brought a bag for his brother Walter—I saw him with the bag at another time, and he said that he had brought the bag he had borrowed from his brother—he went down stairs with the bag.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-128" type="surname" value="FOLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FOLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer</hi>). I went down to Mr. Boustead's Hall, in the North, and had a conversation with Walter Smith—afterwards, on Sunday, 31st October, I took George Smith, at St. George's Road, Peck
<lb/>ham, and asked him if his name was Smith, formerly of Foster's—he said, "Yes"—I said, "I am a detective officer; about seven or eight months ago you offered a silver tureen for sale to a person in Westminster Bridge Road"—he said, "Did I; oh, yes, I did offer something of the kind to Mr. Salome, of Westminster Bridge Road, but it was in a battered condition, and he would not buy it, and advised me to have nothing to do with it. I returned it to the gentleman I got it from, and advised him to have nothing to do with it"—I asked him who the gentleman was—he considered first, and said that he forgot—he afterwards said that it was Mr. Norbrey, of Union Street, Plymouth—I asked him how it came—he said, by rail; in a wooden box, by itself—that it came a few days before he offered it to Mr. Salome, and he returned it again to Mr. Norbrey, who he did not think I should find, as he thought he had gone to Westmoreland—I made in
<lb/>quiries in Plymouth, but could not find any person of the name—I said, "Well, I believe that tureen was stolen from Mr. Boustead, of Craven Street; your brother Walter is in custody for stealing it, and he has con
<lb/>fessed that you and he stole it"—he said, "Indeed; that remains to be seen"—I took him in custody, took him to his house, 39, St. George's Road, Peckham, and searched, and found a number of duplicates, bills, and letters, but nothing relating to the property—I took Walter Smith in Cum
<lb/>berland, and found the black bag in his possession.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">G. S. Smith's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>:—"I strongly deny the charge; I made a mistake when I said I received it in a box by rail; I find I received it from the gentleman himself, near the Scotch Stores, Regent Circus.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">G. S. SMITH</hi>
<rs id="t18691122-29-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-29-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-29-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> of receiving</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-29-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-29-18691122 t18691122-29-punishment-25"/>Fourteen Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER SMITH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-29-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-29-18691122 t18691122-29-punishment-26"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-30">
<interp inst="t18691122-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-30" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-30-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18691122 t18691122-30-offence-1 t18691122-30-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-30-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-30-18691122 t18691122-30-offence-1 t18691122-30-verdict-2"/>
<p>30.
<persName id="def1-30-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-30-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18691122" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18691122" type="surname" value="MORTLOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-30-18691122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MORTLOCK</hi> (40)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-30-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-30-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-18691122" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-18691122" type="surname" value="SKELTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-30-18691122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SKELTON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-30-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-30-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-30-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing two and a half pecks of oats, of
<persName id="t18691122-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-131" type="surname" value="BOX"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-131" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-30-offence-1 t18691122-name-131"/>Frederick Box</persName>, the master of Mortlock, to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATLOCK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-30-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-30-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-30-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-30-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-30-18691122 t18691122-30-punishment-27"/>Strongly recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.—Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence against</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SKELTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-30-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-30-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-30-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-31">
<interp inst="t18691122-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-31" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-31-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-31-18691122 t18691122-31-offence-1 t18691122-31-verdict-1"/>
<p>31.
<persName id="def1-31-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-31-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18691122" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18691122" type="surname" value="HOPWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-31-18691122" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH HOPWOOD</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-31-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-31-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-31-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18691122-name-133" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-133" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-133" type="given" value="CHARLES ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-31-offence-1 t18691122-name-133"/>Charles Alfred Young</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-134" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-134" type="given" value="CHARLES ALFRED"/>CHARLES ALFRED YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am a value and appraiser, of 52, Great Leonard Street, Finsbury—on 2nd September, between 8 and 9 o'clock, I was at the corner of London Wall, crossing the road, the prisoner accosted me and walked by my side—I went into a public-house to avoid her, and remained there two or three minutes—she followed me in and out, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220024"/>
<p>after I had gone a little distance she took hold of me and pressed me, and wanted me to go with her—she swung me round, and two men came and pressed against me, and immediately afterwards I missed two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, with ten sovereigns wrapped up in them, and the change of one sovereign, which I had paid a cabman with—the money was safe twenty minutes before—the prisoner walked away directly the men pressed against me—I swear positively to her—I picked her out from others in Newgate yard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had you that coat on?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, a loose coat, with a low close pocket—the sovereigns were wrapped in the notes, and formed a little packet—I was not in company with anybody else after that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-135" type="surname" value="OUTRAN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-135" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OUTRAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 75). On the night of October 18th I was in Fenchurch Street, and saw the prisoner with a man, accosting several gentlemen—that continued till 11 o'clock, when I apprehended them for loitering with intent to commit felony.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-136" type="surname" value="FARLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-136" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC FARLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I took Mr. Young to Newgate, but was not in the yard when he identified the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What did he say to you when he came out?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> "There is a woman in the yard that I identify as one of the women."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-31-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-31-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-31-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-32">
<interp inst="t18691122-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-32" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-32-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-18691122 t18691122-32-offence-1 t18691122-32-verdict-1"/>
<p>32.
<persName id="def1-32-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-32-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18691122" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18691122" type="surname" value="HOPWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-32-18691122" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH HOPWOOD</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18691122-32-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-32-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-32-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> for stealing a watch, a chain, and a locket, of
<persName id="t18691122-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-138" type="surname" value="SHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-32-offence-1 t18691122-name-138"/>William Shews</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Protection.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-139" type="surname" value="SHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHEWS</persName> </hi>. I am a printer and stationer, of East Avenue—on 15th October, about 9 o'clock p.m, I was in Wilson Street, Finsbury—I went up a court, and the prisoner followed me and began hustling me about—I said, "Let me go," and a big fellow came up and took my watch—I said, "I am robbed, you thieves," and followed, crying, "Stop thief!" but no one helped me—I missed my watch and chain while the woman was hustling me—it was worth between 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What were you up that court for?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> For a natural purpose, and also to catch my train on the North London Railway—the woman was not with me half a minute—it was done momentarily—I wear glasses, but I can see very well through them—I missed my watch and chain the very instant that the woman caught hold of me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You were going to the train, had you a bag in your hand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, rather a heavy one, and a coat on my arm—I think my other coat was unbuttoned, and the chain was rather showy, hanging outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How was the chain attached?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> With rather a small bar, and I generally had it unbuttoned, and by a small pull it would come out—it was a thin French watch, not thicker than a half-crown—there was a gas-light facing her in the court, and I saw her features.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-140" type="surname" value="OUTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-140" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT OUTRAM</persName> </hi>. I took the prisoner on 18th October—she was asked at the station where she lived—she said, "I sleep at a coffee-house when I get money enough"—Mr. Shews identified her at the cells at Guildhall, where she was placed with four other women, and directly she came out of the cell he laid, "That is the woman."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-32-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-32-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-32-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-32-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-32-18691122 t18691122-32-punishment-28"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-33">
<interp inst="t18691122-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-33" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-33-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18691122 t18691122-33-offence-1 t18691122-33-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-33-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18691122 t18691122-33-offence-2 t18691122-33-verdict-1"/>
<p>33.
<persName id="def1-33-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-33-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18691122" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18691122" type="surname" value="STATFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-33-18691122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STATFIELD</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-33-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-33-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-33-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-33-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-33-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-33-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing an order for payment of 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18691122-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-142" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-142" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-33-offence-1 t18691122-name-142"/>George Warren</persName>, his master;</rs>
<rs id="t18691122-33-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-33-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-33-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement to the said order.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-33-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-33-18691122 t18691122-33-punishment-29"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-34">
<interp inst="t18691122-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-34" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-34-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-34-18691122 t18691122-34-offence-1 t18691122-34-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220025"/>
<p>34.
<persName id="def1-34-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-34-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18691122" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18691122" type="surname" value="CARROWAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-34-18691122" type="given" value="ALFRED THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED THOMAS CARROWAY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-34-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-34-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-34-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18691122-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-144" type="surname" value="RUTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-144" type="given" value="ANDERSON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-34-offence-1 t18691122-name-144"/>Anderson Rutter</persName>, and stealing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-145" type="surname" value="RUTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-145" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW RUTTER</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman, living at Green's Sailors' Home, Poplar—on Saturday night, 14th November, about 12 o'clock, I had been drinking a little—I had a parcel, which I took home, and came out again—the prisoner and another man stood at the door till I came out—I asked them where I could get something to drink—they said they would show me, and went with me to a house—I treated them, and after we came out we were joined by two or three other men—I wanted to part company with them, but they would not leave me—they wanted me to go up a street, and I did not want to go—they pushed me, and said, "Come this way"—I said, "No"—one man kicked me on my legs, and the prisoner put his hand in my pocket—I shifted a 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note into my watch-pocket, and I had some silver as well—I said "Keep your hand out of my pocket," and sung out for the police, and told a policeman I was robbed of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the prisoner came up, and I recognized him, and gave him in custody—I am able to say that he is the man who had his hand in my pocket—I had been in the public-house with him ten minutes, and we had two glasses of rum each—I swear positively he is the man, but the other three men I know nothing about.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I did not put my hand in his pocket at all.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> Yes you did—I had a fight in the Sailors' Home, about a watch and chain—I gave it to a man to keep, and then wanted it back, and he would not give it to me—I had both the watch and chain, and a sovereign, in silver—I had a glass of stout and some beer—I do not know how much.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-146" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-146" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 207). On Sunday morning, about 1 o'clock, the prosecutor complained to me, and mentioned a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—a man came up, and he said "That is one of them," and when the prisoner came up, he said "That is the man who had his hand in my pocket and took a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note from me"—he swore a dozen times that the prisoner was the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I said that I was willing to go with you.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> Yes—the prosecutor had been drinking, and was very much excited.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-147" type="surname" value="HEATHER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-147" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HEATHER</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman—on Saturday, at the closing of the houses, I came out, and this gentleman gave the sailor a chain to mind—he wanted it back, and the sailor would not give it to him—he drew out the chain and a pair of kid gloves, and then they went up the court, and I went to the gate, and when he came out he asked me where he would get some drink, and we went and had two glasses of rum each—when we were going home he would not go down the street but went a little higher up—three more
<hi rend="italic">chaps</hi> came up and wanted to shove him down one of the streets—the prisoner was not one of those three—he was by my side—I saw the gentleman talking to a policeman, and said "Why do not you go into the Home?"—the gentleman said "This is one," and he was locked up, and I was taken, too, but was freed—I have a card in my pocket of where he changed the other 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—one he changed with the Superintendent of the Home, and the other at Mr. Ruff's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did he give you in charge?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—first he said I was one of the men who robbed him, and then he let me go—he said "That is the man who had his hand in my pocket".</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-34-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-34-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-34-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220026"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Byles.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-35">
<interp inst="t18691122-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-35" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-35-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-18691122 t18691122-35-offence-1 t18691122-35-verdict-1"/>
<p>35.
<persName id="def1-35-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-35-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18691122" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18691122" type="surname" value="HINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-35-18691122" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK HINSON</hi> (30)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18691122-35-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-35-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-35-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t18691122-name-149" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-149" type="surname" value="DEATH"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-149" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-35-offence-1 t18691122-name-149"/>Maria Death</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY, Q.C</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-150" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-150" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SAWYER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Civil Service, and live at May's Cottage, Bounds Green, Tottenham—on Monday, 4th October, I was on the platform of the Holloway railway station at 5.5—after I had been there about five minutes, I saw two persons there—I did not know who they were at that time—I afterwards ascertained they were Boyd and the deceased woman, Maria Death—I also saw two musicians on the platform at that time—I saw Boyd speak to them, and one of them played a tune, and the other sang, on the platform—shortly after that the 5.10 down train arrived from King's Cross—I saw Boyd and the two musicians get into that train—I did not take sufficient notice to say whether Maria Death got into that train or not—I got into the same train—I saw nothing of either Boyd, Death, or the musicians, until the train arrived at Wood Green—I got out there, and proceeded from the station, over the bridge, on my way home—after I had crossed the bridge, on looking forward, I saw Boyd recovering himself, getting up from the ground—I had not reached where he was at that time, and I noticed a severe wound on his cheek, it was bleeding—directly afterwards the woman Death ran past me towards the station, and the prisoner in pursuit—she was some few yards in front of him—she was running, and he was running in pursuit—he caught her, and caught hold of her by the waist—I looked round, and waited a minute till they passed me—he was still holding her by the waist—I did not interfere at all—I heard the woman say to him, "
<hi rend="italic">Fred.,</hi> you know what you have said to me," or "told me; I am afraid of my life"—at the time she said this to him he I was taking her home, using no more violence than was necessary to take her home—he had got her right hand under his left arm, and was partly dragging her home—I walked behind—a little further on there is a corner; they turned that corner—after I had turned the corner I saw Boyd and the two musicians—the musicians were wiping the blood off Boyd's cheek—the prisoner and deceased passed them—a little further on there is a stile—the prisoner had to lift the deceased over the stile, she would not get over herself—when I was near the stile I saw Mr. Whitton, and he and I walked on together—at that time the prisoner and Death were in front of us, and Boyd and the musicians behind—there were two more stiles, and the pri
<lb/>soner lifted the woman over both—a little further on is a road called Bounds Green Road; when they got into this road the prisoner and Death increased their pace, and by the time we reached Truro Road they were just about turning into the gateway of Nella Cottage—we still followed them—we were on our way home—we stood at the corner of Truro Road for a minute—we then walked nearly to Nella Cottage, Mr. Walter Gray accompanying us—he had joined us at the corner of Truro Road—I did not at that time know that there was another residence behind Nella Cottage—while we were fronting Nella Cottage I heard the report of a gun; I did not hear anything before that—after the report I heard something which appeared like blows—before the report I heard a scream, one or two screams—I looked in the direction of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220027"/>
<p>report, and saw the smoke, and I saw the form of a woman fall; there were some shrubs, I could not see plainly—I called out, "The woman is shot!"—I saw the gleam of some instrument raised and put down with violence; that was at the bottom of the garden of Nella Cottage, the same place where I saw the form of the woman fall; and I heard blows—after that I saw the prisoner coming from the spot where I saw the instrument raised—he had a gun-barrel in his hand like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—he came within three or four yards of me into the Truro Road, and said, "Yes, I have shot her; there is no mistake"—that was all I heard him say—he then walked into the Bounds Green Road—I followed—he still had the gun
<lb/>barrel in his hand—there were a lot of
<hi rend="italic">navvies</hi> standing in the Truro Road—I made some communication to them, I don't know whether the prisoner could hear it—he went on till he came to Elder Cottage, which was occupied by Boyd—I should say that is about sixty yards from Nella Cottage (
<hi rend="italic">looking at a plan</hi>)—I believe this is correct—from the time they started from the station till the prisoner stopped opposite Elder Cottage, it was not more than from fifteen to twenty minutes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-151" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-151" type="given" value="HENRY GIRLING"/>HENRY GIRLING BRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a surveyor, and live at Wood Green—I prepared this plan, it is to the scale of 16 ft. to the inch—I have measured the distances of the different places—from the Wood Green Station to Nella Cottage is 900 yards, the route described by the witness—the distance from Nella Cottage to Elder Cottage by the road is 180 yards—Hinaon's cottage is at the bottom of the garden of Nella Cottage—Nella Cottage is the cottage of the landlady, behind which Hinson lived—Elder Cottage was Boyd's cottage—looking in the direction coming from the railway, Hinson's cottage would be behind Nella Cottage, rather standing to the left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-152" type="surname" value="SAWYER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-152" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SAWYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). When I saw the form of the woman falling I was standing in the Truro Road, and Nella Cottage was on my right—I saw Hinson turn into the gateway of Elder Cottage, and he was lost today view—I then retraced my stops towards Nella Cottage, and, not seeing anything of him, I turned again down the Bounds Green Road—I then saw him retracing his stops towards Nella Cottage, and he turned into the gate
<lb/>way of Nella Cottage—I then saw two policemen in the Bounds Green Road, coming towards me—in consequence of what I said to them, they drew their staves from their pockets and turned into the gateway of Nella Cottage, which is occupied by Mrs. Allen, the prisoner's landlady—the constables went in first and I stood in front of the gateway—I went down the garden and saw the prisoner throwing a policeman—he had got the policeman on the ground—I went and seized the prisoner by the throat and he released the policeman—I left him in charge of the police, and went round to Boyd's Cottage—I went to the bottom of the back garden, and there saw Boyd lying on the threshold of the stable door, on his back—his head and face was battered about very much—I saw a woman there, named Margaret Robinson, I believe—I took her into the kitchen of Boyd's cottage and left her there—I then came out, passed Boyd, and got over the fence into the garden of Nella Cottage—I there saw Maria Death, outside the summer house that Hinson lived in, at the bottom of the garden of Nella Cottage, on the same spot where I had seen the form of the woman fall—she was lying close to the window, perhaps a yard from it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you notice what time it was when you arrived at the railway station?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I did not take any par
<lb/>ticular notice of the time at all during the transaction—I know about how</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220028"/>
<p>long it takes from the station, because I go over that ground every day—it is by that I calculate the time I have given—when I saw the woman run
<lb/>ning back, outside the railway station, she was not running back to the place where Boyd was; Boyd was in front at the time—he was getting up from the ground—I did not interfere—if the prisoner had knocked her about I should very likely have interfered—I have said there was no more violence used than was necessary to take her home—I could not say whether the was sober, I did not notice—I noticed that she was very much excited—I did not state that before—I was not asked—what the cause of the excitement was I cannot tell—I can't say whether it was for the purpose of assisting her that he helped her over the stiles—I should think not—she did not want to go—I did not interfere, because I did not feel justified in doing so—I did not even remonstrate—I considered the woman was his wife—I did not know her—I considered she was his wife because I had seen her on the platform at Holloway, and Boyd also; and noticing that Boyd was knocked down, that was the inference I drew—I did not interfere because I thought she was the prisoner's wife—I saw no more done than I have stated, that would have justified my interference—I noticed the prisoner—I did not take particular notice of the musicians—I should think they were sober—I believe they were sober—Boyd was drunk—the prisoner appeared to be a little excited—I noticed him when he was coming towards Truro Road after the shot had been fired—he did not appear in a state of great excitement—he appeared as cool as I am now—I took particular notice of that—I did not notice the front door of Boyd's bouse when I went there—I went down the gateway at the side—I did not go through the house—I saw the door afterwards—it was not torn down, merely the catch of the lock forced—it was forced open—the catch that supports the lock was forced off—the fence I got over is a low fence—it separates the garden of Nella Cottage from Boyd's garden—it is about 3 or 4 ft. high.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-153" type="surname" value="WHITTON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WHITTON</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the War Office, and live at Maidstone Road, Colney Hatch—I joined Mr. Sawyer on the evening of this occur
<lb/>rence, as he was walking home from the Wood Green station—I had seen the prisoner a few minutes before—he was running after the woman—he was going towards the station at the time I first saw him—the woman was running from him—I saw her at the moment he bad caught her—I scarcely saw any running—he held her by the waist and told her to come with him—she said, "No,
<hi rend="italic">Fred.,</hi> I would rather not; do let me go"—he then turned her round, and they went in the opposite direction, and walked across the fields—he held her hand very tight under his arm—you could scarcely call it dragging her along, but he caused her to go with him, evidently against her will—there were three stiles on the road—he lifted her over the first two; and the third, my impression is, she got over by herself—the last stile is perhaps 200 or 300 yards from Nella Cottage—I was following on after them—I saw them turn down the Truro Road and turn into the gate of Nella Cottage—I remained in the road, supposing they had gone into Nella Cottage—I then heard the report of a gun—I can't say exactly how soon that was after I had seen them turn into the gateway of Nella Cottage, but I should think certainly within two minutes—I also heard the sound of a blow and saw a figure fall, apparently the figure of a woman—before she fell I saw a stick, as I thought it at that time, raised above the figure, in motion, but I could not distinguish the person who held it—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220029"/>
<p>then saw the prisoner come out of the gate by the side of Nella Cottage, with a weapon in his hand resembling a bar of iron—I have since found it was a gun barrel—some one in the road, standing not far from me, said, "The woman is shot"—the prisoner, apparently in answer to that, said, "Yes, I have shot her; there is no mistake about that, and I will now kill," or, "do for the other"—I then saw him go round the corner, and saw him enter the gate of Boyd's cottage—I spoke to some men in the road, and told one of them to run as fast as he could to the station and bring some policemen, which he did—I saw the prisoner again in a very short time, indeed, it might have been a minute—he was then passing between the gateway of Boyd's cottage and the end of Truro Road, perhaps ten or fifteen yards from Boyd's cottage—I followed him, and saw him again enter the gate of Nella Cottage—I next saw two policemen running round the corner of Truro Road, and I called to them, or one of them, and pointed to the gate where Hinson had gone in, and they went in there—I afterwards saw a sort of struggle—it was very confused, and nearly dark, but I saw a figure on the ground, and a figure bending over him, apparently—I afterwards saw the body of the woman—when I first saw it closely it had been mored into the little iron house, Hinson's cottage—I had seen it previously among the bushes in the garden of Nella Cottage, within two or three yards of Hinson's cottage—from the time I first saw Hinson take hold of the woman to the time I saw him struggling with the policeman in the garden, I should think about twenty or twenty-five minutes elapsed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENBALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> After the shot was fired, and you saw the prisoner on the road, may I ask you why you did not attempt to stop him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Because I considered it would have sacrificed my own life immediately, without any good whatever—I formed that opinion from the manner of the man—he appeared to me to be in such a state that he could not have controlled himself if any one had interfered with him—there were about half-a-dozen
<hi rend="italic">navvies</hi> there—I have not a very clear recollection of that—I did not notice—there was a little group—they were standing at the corner of Truro Road—I am not sure whether they had the tame oppor
<lb/>tunity of seeing the prisoner that I and Mr. Sawyer had—some of them came up afterwards, I think—I did not hear any appeal made to them—I was not close to Mr. Sawyer at that moment—I was still standing opposite Nella Cottage, and he had gone to the end of the road—I did not see him converse with those men at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COWPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say the prisoner was carrying an iron?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I think it was in his right hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-154" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-154" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER GRAY</persName> </hi>. I am a railway clerk, and live in Clarence Road, Wood Green—I was a passenger by the 5.10 train from London, on 4th October—I got out at the Wood Green station—on my way home I overtook the two last witnesses, Mr. Sawyer and Mr. Whitton, at the comer of Truro Road—Mr. Sawyer spoke to me, and from what he said I remained with them—I went with them in front of Nella Cottage—whilst standing there I heard the report of a gun—I saw a flash, and saw the form of the woman fall—after the report I heard a violent beating—I afterwards saw the prisoner come from the garden of Nella Cottage into the Truro Road—I heard him say "She is dead enough; I shot her, there is no mistake," or words to that effect—I don't remember anything else that he said—he muttered something—he then went into the garden of Elder Cottage—he tried the front door, and finding it locked, he put his foot to it, and smashed it open with his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220030"/>
<p>foot—he came out again in about a minute, by the gate at the side of the house, and I heard him say, "He is dead," or, "He is settled"—I think it was, "He is dead enough; this is what happens when a man goes with another man's wife; where is a policeman?"—I afterwards helped to take him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You noticed a vacant look about him, did you not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He looked round in rather a vacant manner when he came out of Elder Cottage, and asked for a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You are a very strong man, may I ask why you did not interfere when you saw this man walking along the road with a gun barrel, after shooting the woman?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not think it would be safe to do so—he seemed to be very determined—I certainly was under the impression that if I had interfered, he could not have mastered himself—when he called for a policeman, he looked round in a vacant manner—he did not address himself to any one in particular.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-155" type="surname" value="HEPPEL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-155" type="given" value="ISABELLA"/>ISABELLA HEPPEL</persName> </hi>. At the time of this occurrence I was housekeeper to Boyd, and had been so for six months—he lived at Elder Cottage—on Monday, 4th October, he left his house about 4 o'clock to go to London—he returned at 5.45, in company with two musicians—he came through the house, and went down the garden to the stable—the two musicians followed him—I was in the back passage when the prisoner came in the front passage—he knocked the front door open, broke it open, and came through the passage—he said to me, "Where is he?"—I said, "Who do you mean?"—he said, "Your governor"—I said, "He is down the garden"—he went down the garden, I followed him—he went into the stable, and flung the master out on his back—he put his foot on his breast, and struck him four or five times across the forehead with the gun-barrel which he had in his hand, and killed him—I did not hear my master speak at all—the prisoner then came up the garden again—I came up alongside of him, and said, "What is all this about?"—he said, "Well, that is the fruits of taking another man's wife away"—the two musicians, when they saw the prisoner coming down the garden, jumped over the fence, and I saw no more of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know whether Boyd was a married man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—at this time a girl of the name of Robinson was living with him—he had told me that he intended to turn Robinson away, and to take Maria Death after—she had removed from the cottage—he I told me that he had had connexion with her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-156" type="surname" value="HINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-156" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HINSON</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, and live at Wood Green—I am the prisoner's father—he had been living with Maria Death, between eight and nine years—I believe she was not his wife, he had a wife living, she had left him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> And went to live with another man, did she not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I don't know where she went to—I have not seen her for a long time—she left him of her own accord—my son is a car
<lb/>penter—I believe Maria Death had been a governess in a gentleman's family, or something of that, I can't say—she had six children by him; but there is only one alive, and one by my son's wife—they all lived together in this cottage—the eldest child is pretty well nine years of age—the other is between seven and eight—the prisoner was very fond of Maria Death—I have heard him say there was not another woman in the place to equal her—he was always a sober, industrious man—I did not see</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220031"/>
<p>my son on the 4th October until the evening, after this was all over—I was not at home that day—my wife and daughter kept house for me—I live three or four minutes' walk from the cottage—I knew he had been inquiring for her at my house that day—he always called her his wife, and treated her with just as much respect as if she was—he was in the habit of working at Hendon—that is about eight or nine miles from Wood Green—he was in the habit of going to his work on the Monday, and coming back in the course of the week—the children were always kept with very great care.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How old is the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Thirty—I don't know Boyd's age; I hardly knew the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-157" type="surname" value="SEARLE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-157" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SEARLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 112). I am stationed at Wood Green, and live in Bounds Green Road, near Boyd's house—about 6 o'clock on Monday morning, 4th October, I was in bed—I heard people running by my house and calling "Murder!"—I jumped up, put on my uniform, and ran out—I went to Hinson's cottage—I found Hinson there, kneeling beside the dead woman, extinguishing some fire on her clothing—I said to him, "Who done it!"—he said, "I did it"—I seized hold of him, and said, "You are in my custody"—he then rose from his knees and picked up the barrel of the gun that was lying beside him, and held it up over his head, as if to strike me—Neale, another constable, came up and said, "
<hi rend="italic">Fred.,</hi> what is all this about?"—the prisoner said, "What did he interfere with me for, then?"—he walked by my side for a few yards, and then put his hand round me to try to throw me down—with the assistance of my brother constable, I took him to the station—he asked for a drink of water, which I gave him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he pull out a pen
<lb/>knife and wound himself on the throat?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, that was at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What kind of wound did he make?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A slight wound.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You stopped him at once, I suppose?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-158" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-158" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD NEALE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 173). I live next door to Elder Cottage—on Monday, 4th October, a little before 6 o'clock, I heard a female scream—in consequence of that I ran out of my house, and went to Boyd's garden—after what I saw there I went to Hinson's cottage—Searle was in advance of me—he took hold of the prisoner—on coming up, I said, "
<hi rend="italic">Fred.,</hi> what are you about?"—he said he wanted to put the fire out—the body of Maria Death was on the ground, and her clothes were smouldering—I stooped down with the prisoner to put the fire out—I then took the gun
<lb/>barrel from his hand—I also picked up the stock of the gun, which I pro
<lb/>duct—it was broken off—it was lying by the side of the deceased woman—they are now just in the same state as they were—I said to the prisoner, "What is this?"—he said, "I shot her through the window, and I broke this about her"—Mr. White, the surgeon, was then standing in Boyd's garden—he came to where the body of Maria Death was, and I picked up the body for him to examine—she was quite dead—I saw a wound in the left breast—I then saw the prisoner with Searle, on the ground, and I went to Searle's assistance—the prisoner said, "I have done it for the b——, and her too, and I am not sorry for it; all I am sorry for is my poor dear children"—he said that in the garden; that was all he said—I then took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-159" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-159" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-159" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA ALLEN</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at Nella Cottage—there is a cor
<lb/>rugated iron cottage at the back of my house, which was occupied by the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220032"/>
<p>prisoner—he had been my tenant for about three yare—he and Maris Death lived there together, as man and wife—on the 4th October she left her house somewhere near 1 o'clock in the day—the prisoner must have left early, before I was up—he returned about 2 o'clock, and asked where Maria Death was—I said she had gone to London, I thought, to match some cloth—I said that in consequence of what she had told me—the prisoner kept a gun in his house—I saw the prisoner and Maria Death re
<lb/>turn between 5 and 6 o'clock in the afternoon, and shortly after I heard the report of a gun—I saw the prisoner pass my window quickly, after the re
<lb/>port—I heard him say to some one, "If a woman deceives me, I deceive her"—I did not at that time know what he had done—I did not see what became of him—I afterwards saw him at the stable-door of Boyd's house, beating the door in—I then withdrew to my own house, to protect my children.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DR. KENEALEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> you say he said this to some one—to whom?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I don't know—I could not see any one that he addressed it to, I heard the words; there was no one there that I could see.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-160" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-160" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, practising at Wood Green—on 4th October I was visiting at Bounds Green—I went to Hinson's Cottage, and there saw the body of Maria Death—she was quite dead—I did not make a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—I could see no wound, because she had her clothes on—I made the ordinary examination—I put my hand about her; there was blood from her left side—her clothes were charred—I should think her death was caused by her being shot through the heart.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you observe anything the matter with her head, any blows?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not—in fact, I expected to have to make a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination, and I went away, making sure that I should have to examine the bodies afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-161" type="surname" value="HOCKEN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-161" type="given" value="CHARLES EDWARD"/>CHARLES EDWARD HOCKEN</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon at Wood Green—on 5th October I examined the body of Maria Death, with the Coroner—I examined the body externally—I did not make a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination—I found a large wound over the region of the heart—it was such a wound as would be caused by a charge of shot at a short distance—I have no doubt whatever that that was the cause of death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-162" type="surname" value="PAINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-162" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS PAINTER</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">a builder, of Hendon;</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN GOODCHILD</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">of Kingsbury; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD CHARLES BARBE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">builder, of Oak Villa, Nightingale Road, Wood Green, deposed to the prisoner's good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-35-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-35-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-35-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-35-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-35-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-35-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-35-18691122 t18691122-35-punishment-30"/>DEATH</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday November</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Brett.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-36">
<interp inst="t18691122-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-36" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-36-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-18691122 t18691122-36-offence-1 t18691122-36-verdict-1"/>
<p>36.
<persName id="def1-36-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-36-18691122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-18691122" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-18691122" type="surname" value="FREEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-36-18691122" type="given" value="ADELAIDE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADELAIDE FREEDMAN</hi> (30)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18691122-36-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-36-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-36-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> for the wilful murder of her female child, to which she refused to plead.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">directed a pea of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to be entered for her.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-164" type="surname" value="MARKS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-164" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA MARKS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and am the prisoner's sister—I live at 236, High Street, Shad well—the prisoner is married—her age is 30—she has one child by her husband—her husband went to Lima, five years ago, and she then lived three years with my father, and nearly two years with me—her husband sent her money from time to time, but not sufficient to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220033"/>
<p>support her, and he had not sent any for a year and nine mouths, till last December, when he sent her 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the letter was written in July—I knew that she went to reside with Mrs. Markham, and that she was confined of a female child, about 12th September—I was with her on the night of 8th October, and found her very weak, and she spoke very strangely—the has often expressed a wish to go to her husband, but the money came very late for her to go—it came before her confinement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was it received just before she was about to be confined with this child?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About four months before—I saw her the night before this, and she spoke strangely—she looked vacant and strange—she always had a vacant look, both before and after the birth of the child—I saw her three times a week after the birth of the child, and observed on those occasions a strangeness about her appearance and manner when I attempted to speak to her—she was always melancholy, and used to complain dreadfully of her head—she always behaved to the child with kindness and affection—it was weak and sickly, and when I went there on Friday night it appeared to be sinking very rapidly, and I told her so—she appeared to pay it all the kindness and attention a fond mother would—she complained of her head—at the time her mother was carrying her she attempted to hang herself, and my father had to cut her down—that was in Wales—the prisoner is older than me—all the family through have been insane—my mother and my two aunts were afflicted with mental disease, and I have heard that each of my aunts was confined in a lunatic asylum—my brother was also mentally afflicted; he was not placed under restraint, but the doctor told me to keep out of his way, and not come in contact with him in the dark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Your mother was never placed under restraint?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; but she was insane at the time she died—with regard to my aunts, it is only what I have heard.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-165" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-165" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MARSHALL</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of 67, Bedford Street, Mile End—on 9th October, about 11 o'clock, the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of plain powder—she then asked for something to take out ink stains, and I recommended her salts of lemon, and supplied her with a pennyworth, which is about three quarters of an ounce—she said that that would not be suf
<lb/>ficient, and wished for more—I supplied her with a twopenny packet, and she wished to know how to use it—I told her to dip the linen in hot water, and put the salts in it afterwards, to wash it—salts of lemon contains two parts of oxalic acid and one of potass—both packets were labelled, "Poison," with my name and address—I observed nothing remarkable about the prisoner, and had no suspicions—it is not an uncommon thing to be asked for, for that purpose.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-166" type="surname" value="MARKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-166" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH MARKHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Martin Markham, a bricklayer, of 71, Rutland Street, Mile End—the prisoner came to lodge with us on 19th July, and on 12th September she was confined of a girl, a very delicate child—she treated it well, as a mother would—it was very weak and low—on Saturday morning, 9th October, between 10 and 12 o'clock, the prisoner came to me and said, "I have poisoned myself and the child"—she seemed in a very wild and excited state—I said, "You have never done such a thing as that?"—she said, "Go and see for yourself"—she put her hand to her head, and said, "Oh dear, I shall go mad; troubles will drive me mad, they are so great"—I had a conversation with my husband, and went up stairs, and found the child on the bed, foaming at the mouth—I took it up, and it died my arms—the prisoner came up after me and said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220034"/>
<p>"My head is so bad I shall go mad, my troubles are so great"—she seemed quite unconscious of what she was doing—my husband fetched a doctor, and I saw him administer an emetic.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When she repeated that she was so bad and that her troubles were so great, did she add, "Let me die! let me die!"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> "Yes"—that was up stairs—when she said that she had poisoned her child she was very excited; her eyes were rolling in her head, and there was something very strange about them—the child seemed in a dying state—I was looking for its death hourly, before she told me that—the child was unable to take the breast, the mother paid it all the attention and devotion which an affectionate mother could—she was always very affectionate towards it—ever since she received the letter from her husband the prisoner has been wild and vacant at times, and since the birth of the child I have observed her to be in a low, melancholy state, and she used to cry a great deal—irrespective of that I have frequently seen her wringing her hands and putting them to her head, and crying—the whole of the week before the 9th the state I have described was more intense—there was a restlessness about her eyes, and she was still more vague, and she used to come and talk to me, and then run away in a strange manner in the middle of a sentence—they administered an emetic to her the moment the doctor came, and he ordered her to be taken to the hospital at once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you married?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I am 33 years of age, and have four children living—I made the remark to my husband during the week that the prisoner was more like a mad person than a sane one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-167" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-167" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD GRUBB</persName> </hi>. I am one of the medical officers of the London Hospital—the prisoner was placed under my charge there on 9th October—I examined her when she was brought in—she was very pale and cold, and I had reason to believe from her state that she had taken some sort of poison—I gave her an emetic, and came to the conclusion, from what came from her stomach, that she had taken oxalic acid; salts of lemon would be practically the same—she remained in the hospital two or three days, and was then taken in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was she really in a state of collapse when she was brought in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I caused her to be carefully watched while she was in the hospital, and saw her every day, but further than passing through the ward I had no further observation of her state.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you come to any conclusion, from what you saw or from what was told to you, as to the state of her mind?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From what I saw myself; nothing but reports were made to me, from which I ordered her to be watched.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-168" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-168" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am nurse at the hospital—I attended the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> From the instructions you received, did you think it necessary to keep close watch over her while she was in the ward?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—she was very low and depressed while she was in the hospital, and on the Sunday evening I found a pocket-handkerchief twisted round her neck, and I believe she tried to strangle herself—it was on Monday, the 11th, just before 9 o'clock at night—she had been left alone for a short time, and when I came back I found the handkerchief in that state, and took it off and said, "You should not do this, because you are getting people into trouble"—she said, "I do not wish to do that."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was it tied tight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not particularly tight—I saw her hand down, and said, "What are you doing?"—she said, "Nothing," and I saw the handkerchief, and took it off.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220035"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long was she in the hospital?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From the 9th to the 13th—I only spoke to her for about five minutes on the 9th—she appeared to speak sensibly, but she was very low spirited—she was unable to do anything for herself, she was too ill—the handkerchief was not tied in a knot; it was so twisted that I thought she had been trying to strangle herself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MORRISON</hi>. I am a surgeon—I attended the prisoner in her confine
<lb/>inent, of a female child, in September—it was a very sickly child—I was called in again on 9th October, and found the child dead, and the prisoner partially insensible—my assistant had administered an emetic to her before I arrived—I was at a labour, and was sent for—I had her taken to the hospital—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination of the body of the child on the following Monday, and came to the conclusion that it died from an irritant poison—the symptoms were consistent with poisoning by oxalic acid—I put the stomach into a jar, and sent it to Dr. Letheby.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had you attended her, day after day, two or three times a week, since her confinement?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Every day, or every other day—there was a suppression of the lacteal secretion—I observed between her confinement and 9th October that she had a wild, vacant look; not so much as to warrant interference to have her confined in a lunatic asylum, but sufficient to attract notice, and make me suspicious of her sanity—the had the peculiar look of puerperal mania, which is a well-recognised form of insanity with women about the period of their confinement—it affects them when they are not able to give milk to a child, and is the consequence of it—this form of puerperal mania develops itself sometimes by acts of violence to the nearest and dearest, and to the offspring of the woman—there it no fixed period at which it arrives at intensity, sometimes one and sometimes two weeks after confinement—there are two forms, the acute, wild, raving, and the other is the melancholy sort, with which there are no delusions.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Tell us that again?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> One is violent, with debates, coming on usually within a day or two after confinement, and the other coming on after the 15th day—that is the melancholy, and is without delusions—they both lead to acts of violence—the second form is the melancholy type, and is what the prisoner's symptoms indicated—the second form is a recognised form of insanity; there are no delusions, but it leads to acts of violence—I do not believe that persons who have that melancholy form have sufficient control over themselves to prevent them committing crime.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are women in whose family there is ah here
<lb/>ditary taint of insanity more likely than others to become afflicted with this terrible complaint?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They are—for a week before the 9th the prisoner seemed wilder—she had a peculiar look, which it is very difficult to give a definition of—it is not the look of a sane person—the appearance of her eyes was not so marked at the Police Court as I used to notice it in her bedroom.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this your opinion (
<hi rend="italic">reading from Dr. Taylor's work</hi>) that "In a person labouring under puerperal mania the killing of a child may be the result of an uncontrollable impulse seizing her at the time the act is done; but it may be done with a knowledge on the part of the mother that the act she is doing will cause death?"Knowing that the act of giving poison or cut
<lb/>ting a child's throat would cause death, might she still be under that un
<lb/>controllable mania which would cause her to do it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say that she would know the result of what she was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220036"/>
<p>doing?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—sometimes persons hare been known to kill other people in order that they may be hung themselves—I believe that in this form of mania they would be conscious that they were doing wrong, and still not be able to prevent themselves from doing it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this your opinion in respect to puerperal mania, that "Wherever there exists an hereditary family taint of insanity, the mind of the medical man should be particularly alive to the chance of its developing itself during a confinement?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; but I was never in
<lb/>formed that there was insanity in the family till after the deed was com
<lb/>mitted—a large proportion of the cases of puerperal mania are in persons whose families have had an hereditary taint.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where you find melancholy puerperal mania, do you often find acts of violence?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In both sorts of puerperal mania you may have infanticide—more kill their children than kill themselves—I draw a distinction between puerperal mania and homicidal mania—I did not observe these symptoms before she was confined, not till about a fortnight after, and then they did not appear to be at all alarming; there was a pecu
<lb/>liar expression of the eyes, but no other symptom—there was only sufficient for me to warn the friends; my assistant warned the sister, and I spoke to her myself—puerperal mania may come on as long as six weeks after a confinement.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-169" type="surname" value="LETHEBY"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-169" type="given" value="HENRY"/>DR. HENRY LETHEBY</persName> </hi>. The contents of a child's stomach were given to me, which I analyzed, and found two grains and three quarters of oxalic acid—I cannot say that that was sufficient to cause death, because we have no case on record; but in my opinion that was the cause of death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you been present and heard the evidence to-day
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; the prisoner's symptoms, after her confinement, indicate puerperal mania, from my reading, but I have never seen a case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you agree with Dr. Morrison, that she would know the probable result of what she was doing?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think the depression, the melancholy, may be so great that, though she knew the result, still it would be an uncontrollable impulse—the mind may not be so disordered as to render the individual incapable of judging between right and wrong, yet the melancholy may be so great that she might commit the act, and try to poison herself as well—I think she would know that what she was doing was wrong; but if carried to its greatest extent, it might prevent her know
<lb/>ing that it was wrong.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Would you expect that a person suffering from puerperal mania could go to a shop, converse reasonably there, and buy poison?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-170" type="surname" value="BUYDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-170" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUYDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Officer K</hi>). On 13th October, I took the prisoner at the London Hospital.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When did you tell her what the charge was?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> When I brought her from the hospital in a cab—she said that she recol
<lb/>lected nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-171" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN ROWLAND"/>JOHN ROWLAND GIBSON</persName> </hi>. I have had the prisoner under my charge in this goal.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you seen her continually?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, from 28th October nearly daily—I have heard all the evidence given here to-day, and coincide in the opinions given by Mr. Morrison and Dr. Letheby—she has been in a melancholy condition the whole time she has been in Newgate—I have not been able to enter into any conversation with her—my opinion is that she is in a peculiar condition, amounting to a form of insanity.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186911220037"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he had witnesses present to prose the insanity of the prisoners mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">expressed their unanimous opinion that, on 9th October, the prisoner was in such a mental condition as to be incapable of distinguishing right from wrong.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18691122-36-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-36-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-36-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="nonComposMentis"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">on the ground of Insanity.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-36-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="insanity"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-36-18691122 t18691122-36-punishment-31"/>To be detained during Her Majesty's pleasure.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, November</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1869.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-37">
<interp inst="t18691122-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-37" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-37-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-18691122 t18691122-37-offence-1 t18691122-37-verdict-1"/>
<p>37.
<persName id="def1-37-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-37-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-18691122" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-18691122" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-37-18691122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILLIAMS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-37-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-37-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-37-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18691122-37-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-37-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-37-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18691122-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-173" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-173" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-37-offence-1 t18691122-name-173"/>Nathaniel Davis</persName>, and stealing twenty-two spoons and other articles</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-37-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-37-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-37-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-37-18691122 t18691122-37-punishment-32"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-38">
<interp inst="t18691122-38" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-38" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-38-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-18691122 t18691122-38-offence-1 t18691122-38-verdict-1"/>
<p>38.
<persName id="def1-38-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-38-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-18691122" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-18691122" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-38-18691122" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DENNIS PRESTON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-38-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-38-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-38-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the house of
<persName id="t18691122-name-175" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-175" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-175" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-38-offence-1 t18691122-name-175"/>Charles Moore</persName>, with intent to steal—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18691122-38-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-38-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-38-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-38-18691122 t18691122-38-punishment-33"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18691122-38-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-38-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-38-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18691122-39">
<interp inst="t18691122-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18691122"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-39" type="date" value="18691122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18691122-39-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-39-18691122 t18691122-39-offence-1 t18691122-39-verdict-1"/>
<p>39.
<persName id="def1-39-18691122" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-39-18691122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-18691122" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-18691122" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-39-18691122" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18691122-39-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18691122-39-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-39-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the parish church of
<placeName id="t18691122-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18691122-39-offence-1 t18691122-geo-1"/>Christ Church, Middlesex</placeName>, and stealing a quantity of velvet and other articles. </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-177" type="surname" value="NEVITT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-177" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL NEVITT</persName> </hi>. I live in Wilmott Street, Bethnal Green Road, and am organ blower and assistant sexton of Spitalfield's Church—on Thursday, the 28th October, at 6.30, I opened the church for evening service—I went towards the western end of the church and found the poor box had been broken open—I examined the south side and found the middle window open—I went for Mr. Wright, the sexton, and he returned with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18691122-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18691122-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-178" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18691122-name-178" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 3, Wood Street, and am sexton and parish clerk of Christ Church, Middlesex—I have charge of the church,—about 6.45 on the evening of the 28th October, Nevitt came to me and told me the church had been entered—I returned with him and went up the chancel, and, on the communion table, I found two bottles of wine and a decanter partly filled with wine—they had been taken out of the church
<lb/>wardens' room, from the locker, which had been broken open—all the offering boxes, seven in number, had also been broken open—they were all empty—the window on the south side aisle was open, and there was space enough for a person to creep through—it was closed on Wednesday evening—I had to prepare for the evening service—after the service the choir practices, and when they had gone, I made thorough search in the church but could find nobody there—I left at 10.15—before doing so I saw the place securely fastened—soon after 4 the next morning I was called by the police—I went with them to the church—we entered by the north-eastern door—I examined the middle window and found the place had been made larger, and there were a few burnt matches there which were not there the previous evening, and also some pieces of glass that had been broken off—the com
<lb/>minion table-cloth was gone, and the velvet had been taken off two pillows—this is the velvet (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it was shown to me by the polic