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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>J. C. LAWRENCE, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SECOND SESSION, HELD DECEMBER 14TH, 1868.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND, BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED, BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>BUTTERWORTHS, 7, FLEET STREET,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY, WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, December 14th, 1868, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-1" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName>, M.P., LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANTHONY CLEASBY</hi>, Knt., one of the Barons of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-2" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-2" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WILSON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM ANDERSON ROSE</hi>, Knt., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WARREN STORMES HALE</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; The Right Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSEL GURNEY</hi>, Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT BESLEY</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">SILLS JOHN GIBBONS</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-3" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-3" type="given" value="DAVID HENRY"/>DAVID HENRY STONE</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH CAUSTON</hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS CHAMBERS</hi>, Esq., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT MALCOLM</hi>, Esq., L.L.D., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM JAMES RICHMOND COTTON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES WILLIAM COOKWORTHY HUTTON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALEXANDER CROSLEY</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBART SLEE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">J. C. LAWRENCE, MAYOR. SECOND SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
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<p>83.
<persName id="def1-83-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-83-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18681214" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18681214" type="surname" value="DEPRES"/>
<interp inst="def1-83-18681214" type="given" value="FREDERICK PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK PETER DEPRES</hi> (36)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18681214-83-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-83-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-83-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>for unlawfully and indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18681214-name-5" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-5" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-83-offence-1 t18681214-name-5"/>Charles Howard</persName> and
<persName id="t18681214-name-6" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-6" type="surname" value="POYNTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-6" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-83-offence-1 t18681214-name-6"/>Edward Poynter</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-83-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-83-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-83-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-83-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-83-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-83-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-83-18681214 t18681214-83-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before a Jury composed half of Foreigners</hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>84.
<persName id="def1-84-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-84-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18681214" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18681214" type="surname" value="WITCOWER"/>
<interp inst="def1-84-18681214" type="given" value="WALDEMAR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALDEMAR WITCOWER</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-84-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-84-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-84-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining money by false pretences from
<persName id="t18681214-name-8" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-8" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-8" type="surname" value="WETZLER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-8" type="given" value="ISABELLA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-84-offence-1 t18681214-name-8"/>Isabella Wetzler</persName>, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">It appeared in this Case that the money was obtained by a promise of some
<lb/>thing to be done hereafter by the prisoner; and the Court ruled that the false pretence must be as to an existing fact. The Jury were therefore directed to find a verdict of</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-84-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-84-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-84-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>85.
<persName id="def1-85-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-85-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18681214" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18681214" type="surname" value="LUCO"/>
<interp inst="def1-85-18681214" type="given" value="NOEL DESIRE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NOEL DESIRE LUCO</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-85-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-85-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-85-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining money by false pretences from
<persName id="t18681214-name-10" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-10" type="surname" value="KONODY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-10" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-85-offence-1 t18681214-name-10"/>Samuel Konody</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution. (The prisoner, being a foreigner, had the evidence nterpreted</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-11" type="surname" value="KONODY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-11" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL KONODY</persName> </hi>. I am an interpreter, and live at 19, Charles Street, Euston Square—I know the prisoner; he called on me some time ago, and showed me a letter which he said he had received from his agent at Dunkirk, that he expected a bill of lading, and he had confidence in me to undertake the landing and sale of the cargo, which was about 100 tons of potatoes—</p>
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<p>he then said "Will you be so kind as to advance me some money till my ship comes in?"—I said No, I should go over to Dunkirk and see if the ship was there—he said "All right, you can go"—I went to London Bridge to take the boat to Dunkirk—the prisoner said "It is no use to go there and spend 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., you had best stop till to-morrow, and the ship will be here"—so I did not go—this is the bill of lading he showed me—I said "If the ship will be here to-morrow, I will give you 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," and I handed him 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold: that was on the faith of the bill of lading—next day I went to the Custom House to inquire if such a ship, the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Adelaide</hi>, had arrived—I did not find her—I telegraphed over and got a reply—I never saw the ship at all—I saw the prisoner four or five days after, and gave him into custody, but the inspector discharged him because I had not evidence enough—when I charged him he said, "Oh, I am my ship's captain, you must not be so fast, the ship will be here to-morrow or the day after; it is very bad weather there, and it is a sailing vessel, you can't expect it to a moment."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Did not you have the bill of lading in your hands five days before?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. No, I gave you the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at London Bridge, about 11.30 at night—you did not introduce a Mr. Corney to me, you brought him to my place—I did not give Corney 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., not a farthing—I did not go to a public-house with you and him; we went to London Bridge—I handed a paletot and cane to Corney—I did not offer to give him my watch and chain, nor did you prevent me from doing so—I met you about three days afterwards, near the Boulogne boat—I had then received a letter from the captain at Dunkirk—I took you to Mr. Sobrinski's because I wanted to see what you had in your pocket—I took one letter out of your pocket-book there, not three letters; it was an open letter, addressed to you; I did not open any sealed letters—I met you next day in the Euston Road, and gave you in charge—you said it was Corney who owed me the money, that you had not received it—you did not show me any letter from Corney—I saw a letter, signed "Corney," a few days after, but it was in your writing—I don't know what has become of it, it was only part of the game for obtaining money—I went to your house a few days after—the landlady said you had gone to France three days ago, and would not let me in; but I got a policeman, and went in and gave you in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-12" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-12" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ATKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a shipping agent, of 1, Water Lane, City—on 24th October the prisoner came to my office—I had never seen him before—he said he had arrived the previous day from Dunkirk, where he had loaded a small sailing vessel, the
<hi rend="italic">Reine Victoire</hi>, with potatoes for the London markets, and that he had been recommended to apply to me to take charge of the cargo and obtain the sale there of—I told him I could do so—he then produced this bill of lading—you can buy blank forms of these things at any port, and fill them up as you choose—I asked him if that was his name, "De Bac," as the shipper—he said it was, and he signed that name at the back of the bill of lading—it purported to be signed by R. Pinto; captain of the French vessel,
<hi rend="italic">Reine Victoire</hi>, of Dunkirk, for 100 tons of potatoes, to be delivered to London to the order of Vincent De Bac—it is dated 22nd October, 1868—I observed that it was dated the 22nd October, and said, "I suppose it will be up to-morrow"—he said, "To-morrow or Monday"—I went with him to the potatoe market and introduced him to several buyers—he then told me that he had bought a lot of potatoes in the North of France, that they were going to Boulogne to be shipped—and he should</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140005"/>
<p>go over to Boulogne to get a vessel to bring them—he left this bill of lading in my hands, so that if the vessel arrived I should take charge of it; he said possibly he might not have sufficient money to pay the charges at Boulogne, if I would let him have 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on security of the bill of lading it would be rendering him a service—I told him I should have to advance the freights when the vessel arrived, it was not my business to lend money, and I would rather not do it—he said I had plenty of security for my money, and subsequently, to oblige him, I gave him two 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes—after a few days, finding the vessel did not arrive, I wrote to my correspondents at Dunkirk, who made certain inquiries there—the prisoner never came to me any more—on 5th November I met him in the street—I said "Well, Mr. Luco, what about the ship that you said was coming?" and he said, "Oh, she sprung a leak before she left the port, and was unable to start"—I took him to my office—he then said the potatoes were coming by a steamer—I told him, from the inquiries I had made, I was satisfied he had been endeavouring to swindle me—I told him bills of lading were never signed unless the goods were actually on board—he said "Oh, the goods were on board, but they were discharged on account of the vessel leaking; I am an honest man, I don't wish to defraud you, and I will prove that to you by returning you the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—he did not do so—I sent my clerk with him to enable him to get it, but I never got it, or the potatoes, and no such vessel exists.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Did I seem astonished when at your office that the vessel had not arrived?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. No—you told me you were not De Bac, but captain Luco, that was when I said I would give you into custody; you then said you would explain the affair to me—my clerk was with you for three hours—I believe you said you had not benefited by the money, that you had given it to some other person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-13" type="surname" value="CARLIER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-13" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CARLIER</persName> </hi>. I am the British Vice-Consul at Dunkirk—I know the names of all the vessels trading to and from Dunkirk—there is no such vessel as the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Adelaide</hi> belonging to Dunkirk—there is a vessel called the
<hi rend="italic">Reine Vicloire</hi> belonging to Dunkirk—she is employed in the Iceland and coast trade—I have seen the bill of lading—there was no vessel of that name laden with potatoes from Dunkirk to London in October—the name of the captain of the
<hi rend="italic">Reine Victoire</hi> is Messem—she arrived at Dunkirk in the beginning of October, from Archangel, laden with flax or tow—she is now laid up in Dunkirk dock, and has been ever since she arrived from Arch
<lb/>angel—she has not been laden with potatoes since—I have heard a good deal of the prisoner, but I know nothing of him personally.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-14" type="surname" value="HAWKES"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HAWKES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). On the 5th of November I was called to Mr. Atkins' office, and received the prisoner in custody—at the station he gave the name of Noel Desire Luco, and some address—he said if Mr. Atkins gave him time, he would pay—that was translated by Mr. Atkins to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner, in his Defence, which was interpreted, stated that he was merely acting as agent in the matter, and had derived nothing from the tran
<lb/>action</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-85-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-85-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-85-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-85-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-85-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-85-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-85-18681214 t18681214-85-punishment-2"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18681214-86" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-86-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18681214 t18681214-86-offence-1 t18681214-86-verdict-1"/>
<p>86.
<persName id="def1-86-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-86-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18681214" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18681214" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-86-18681214" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WOOD</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-86-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-86-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-86-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-86-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-86-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-86-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to embezzling and steal
<lb/>ing 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of
<persName id="t18681214-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-16" type="surname" value="STANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-16" type="given" value="SAMYNTAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-86-offence-1 t18681214-name-16"/>Samyntas Stannah</persName>. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-86-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-86-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-86-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-86-18681214 t18681214-86-punishment-3"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-87">
<interp inst="t18681214-87" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-87" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-87-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18681214 t18681214-87-offence-1 t18681214-87-verdict-1"/>
<p>87.
<persName id="def1-87-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-87-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18681214" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18681214" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="def1-87-18681214" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD FOY</hi> (55)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-87-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-87-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-87-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from
<persName id="t18681214-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-18" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-18" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-87-offence-1 t18681214-name-18"/>Thomas Shaw</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-19" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-19" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SHAW</persName> </hi>. I am a farmer, at Exwick, near Exeter—on Monday, 26th October, I was at the cricket ground, Islington, at the pony races—I had received a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I can't say what time in the day it was, but it was after the races, 5 or 6 o'clock, I think—my hands were occupied when I took the note, in taking some half sovereigns, and I placed the note in my mouth, and held it there while I pocketed the half sovereigns—I was standing with my face to the betting booth of Valentine and Wright, where I had just received the money—I placed the note in my mouth, and put my hands into my great coat pockets—I felt a hand come and snatch the note—I made a firmer grasp with my teeth at the note, and the man who took it left a portion of the note between my teeth—I then turned round to see who it was, and saw a man disappearing among the crowd, getting between, as an eel would among a lot of eels; and, the prisoner confronting me, he said, "What do you want, where are you going?"—and he hustled me, and put himself in a fighting attitude—from this interruption I lost sight of the other man in the crowd—I took the piece of the note out of my mouth and put it in my pocket—I then said to the prisoner, "You scoundrel, you are as bad as the other"—he said, "Oh, I came round this course for a pur
<lb/>pose," which he mentioned; there was a place there that might be made a convenience of—I preserved the portion of the note, and sent it next morn
<lb/>ing to the Bank of England.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had you been betting?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had—I don't pretend to say that the prisoner is the man that snatched the portion of the note from my mouth—I am sure he is not—there was a great crowd—I found this man standing before me—I turned round as fast as I could—I did not give him into custody then, or attempt to hold him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-20" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-20" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FLETCHER</persName> </hi>. I am a carpenter, and live at 32, Florence Street, Islington—I was at those races and saw Shaw there—I saw a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note handed down from Messrs. Valentine and Wright's stand, and he put it into his mouth—the prisoner was standing close to him at that time—he said to a party standing on his left hand side, "Take that!"—as soon as the note was put into Mr. Shaw's mouth, the man made a snatch at Mr. Shaw's mouth and tore a portion of the note away—another portion was left in his mouth—Mr. Shaw turned round and accused the man of taking it—he said, "Oh no, I know nothing at all about it, I was here for a different purpose"—as he turned round to accuse him, the prisoner got in between Mr. Shaw and the other man, and the other man turned off to the left and walked up the cricket ground—the prisoner then walked up in the same direction and joined the man at the top of the long gravel walk at the back of the house—I made a communication to the prosecutor—there were about twenty persons there, as near as I can guess.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you before the Magistrate on the first occasion?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was not examined—sometimes I do a trifle in betting, such as a glass of ale, or anything of that kind—I was not betting upon this occasion—it was from 4.30 to 5 o'clock—I don't think I had had either luncheon or dinner—I saw some paying going on from the booth—I did not hear any squabbling about it—I did not see the prisoner receive any money from the booth.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-21" type="surname" value="WALLACE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-21" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WALLACE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Secretary's office, Bank of Eng
<lb/>land—on 27th October, the prisoner brought this portion of the bank-note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I had previously received that other portion of the same note</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140007"/>
<p>—the prisoner said he and his old woman had had a row—I said, "Is this the result," and he said, "Yes"—the two portions were handed to Bull, the officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was the prisoner drunk or sober when he came?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He had had something to drink—he appeared as if he had been drinking—it was about 2 o'clock in the day—I believe he did not put his name on the note; the name of Foy is on the note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-22" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-22" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This is the portion of the note that I had left in my mouth, which I sent to the bank.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-23" type="surname" value="RITCHIE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-23" type="given" value="FREDERICK WINDLE"/>FREDERICK WINDLE RITCHIE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Issue Department in the Bank of England—on 27th October, between I and 2 o'clock, the prisoner came and presented that portion of the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note for payment—I told him it was a mutilated note, and I could not pass it in that state—he said he had had a row with his old woman—he then said I could keep it—I told him he had better take it to the Secretary's office to get it marked, and I sent a person to show him the way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did he appear as if he had been drinking?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, very much so; but he was not drunk—I think he wrote his name on the note in the office.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-24" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN MARK"/>JOHN MARK BULL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective Sergeant</hi>). About 2.30 on the after
<lb/>noon of 27th October, I was called to the Secretary's office, Bank of Eng
<lb/>land, and saw the prisoner there—he was very much the worse for liquor—Mr. Wallace stated that he had received a letter containing a portion of the note, and the prisoner had brought the other portion and stated that he and his old woman had had a row—I told him I was a police officer, and asked where he got the note—he said, "I won it at the races"—I said, "What races?"—he said, "The Islington Races, yesterday; I won it at the last race"—I said his account was not satisfactory to me, and I should detain him and take him to the police-station; I said, "Who did you win it of?"—he made no reply—in taking him to the station he was very violent, and attempted to escape—he gave his correct address, 5, Winslow Street, Haverstock Hill; his mother keeps a laundry there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was not a man named Smith given into custody at St. Alban's for this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> This is the first I have heard of it—what the prisoner said was, that he took it from a man after the last race—not that he won it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-25" type="surname" value="WITHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WITHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 85). I was in plain clothes at the cricket ground on the day of the races—I saw the prosecutor with a piece of paper in his mouth, and I saw a man reach over his shoulder and match it out of his mouth—the prosecutor tried to follow him, and the prisoner came in front of him with his hands in his pockets and kept confronting him—I heard the prosecutor say he had not got the number, and I asked him what it was—he said it was a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I went in search of the man, but could not find him—I thought at first that it was a common piece of paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was there a great crowd outside Valentine and Wright's booth?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I suppose from thirty to forty or fifty persons—several persons were settling after the last race.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-87-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-87-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-87-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-87-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-87-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-87-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-87-18681214 t18681214-87-punishment-4"/>Eight Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-88">
<interp inst="t18681214-88" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-88" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-88-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-88-18681214 t18681214-88-offence-1 t18681214-88-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-88-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-88-18681214 t18681214-88-offence-1 t18681214-88-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-88-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-88-18681214 t18681214-88-offence-1 t18681214-88-verdict-1"/>
<p>88.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-88-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-88-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18681214" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18681214" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-88-18681214" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES HARVEY</persName> (23),
<persName id="def2-88-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-88-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-88-18681214" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-88-18681214" type="surname" value="WILDE"/>
<interp inst="def2-88-18681214" type="given" value="CHARLES"/> CHARLES WILDE</persName> </hi> (21), and
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def3-88-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-88-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-88-18681214" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def3-88-18681214" type="surname" value="SHEA"/>
<interp inst="def3-88-18681214" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL SHEA</persName> </hi> (23),
<rs id="t18681214-88-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-88-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-88-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18681214-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-29" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-29" type="surname" value="DUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-29" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-88-offence-1 t18681214-name-29"/>Charles Ducas</persName>, and stealing 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and a pocket book, his property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140008"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CUNNINGHAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MOODY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Wilde</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">No evidence was offered against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SHEA</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-88-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-88-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-88-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-30" type="surname" value="DUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-30" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DUCAS</persName> </hi>. I am now living in Pimlico—at the time of this affair I was residing at Limehouse—on the morning of the 5th of December, between I and 2 o'clock, I was going along the Commercial Road—four persons passed me, and after passing me the prisoner Harvey seized me by the back of the arm, and kept me back in that way, while the others rifled my pockets of my pocket book, and twelve half-crowns, and some papers—they returned the papers into my outside coat pocket, finding they were of no use—Wilde was the one that rifled my pockets—I called out for the police, and ran after Harvey—they all ran away—Harvey came back again and I said to the police who came up, "Officer, take him in charge,"—he was bolting again, but the police caught him—Wilde was taken on Saturday night, the 5th—I was present at the time, with a constable and the lad Townsend—he identified Wilde in my presence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I suppose you had not seen those persons before that night?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—it occupied about a minute and a half—I saw them before I was seized, as they passed me—I had just come from New York—I had not had anything to drink at all, only one glass of brandy with a friend in the City—on the 9th of December I went to a public-house in Shoreditch, and pointed out a man as one of the men who did this—I did not know that Townsend did so as well—it might have been an error in judgment on my part—the man was taken to the station, but I did not press the charge—the inspector sent to Whitechapel workhouse, and some of the officials came and said the man was in the workhouse on the night of the robbery, and he was discharged—I don't know whether there was a coffee stall near the place where I was robbed—it happened just at the end of Flower and Dean Street—I was quite sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-31" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-31" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TOWNSEND</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at Smith's lodging-house, Brick Lane—on the morning of 5th December, between I and 2 o'clock, I saw the prosecutor and Harvey, Wilde, and two more
<hi rend="italic">chaps</hi>—I don't see either of the other two here—the four went up to the prosecutor—Harvey caught hold of his neck, and the other three rifled his pockets—I have no doubt as to Harvey, and Wilde was one of them—I did not see Wilde again until the Saturday night following—I then saw him in a chandler's shop—the prosecutor was with me—Wilde was taken into custody, and we then identified him—after the four persons had rifled the prosecutor's pockets, they ran down Flower and Dean Street—the prosecutor followed, calling "Police!"—I saw Harvey come back out of Flower and Dean Street, towards Fashion Street, and when he saw the prosecutor and the policeman he walked back again—the policeman went after him—he attempted to run, and the constable took him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What time was this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Just on 2 in the morn
<lb/>ing—all the shops were shut—I was going to my work—I am a carman—I was between twenty and thirty yards off when I saw this—I ran up, and just as I get up, the men all ran down Flower and Dean Street—the prose
<lb/>cutor was none the worse for drink—there was a coffee stall in Flower and Dean Street, about forty or fifty yards from where the robbery took place—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140009"/>
<p>I was not standing there when I heard the shouting—I had had a cup of coffee—I don't know the man Williams, who was taken up on this charge—I have seen him—I did not have any talk with him yesterday afternoon; he wanted to talk to me, and I would not have any conversation with him—I told him I had had a cup of coffee—I was at the stall when I first heard the noise—I did not tell Williams that the prosecutor was not quite drunk, but had evidently been drinking; or, that he was going to take us up as well—only I said it was Harvey—I never said any such words to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Harvey</hi>. What did you say to me when I came up?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I said I was certain you were one of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-32" type="surname" value="ISTED"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-32" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID ISTED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 77). On Saturday night, 5th December, I was with the prosecutor and last witness, searching for the prisoner—we looked into a window in Kent Street, and saw Wilde and three other men in the shop, and the prosecutor and Townsend pointed him out to me and said he was one of them—I asked if they were certain that he was; they said, "Yes, they could swear to him from a thousand"—I took him into custody—he said, "I did not do it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-33" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-33" type="surname" value="MCGEAN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-33" type="given" value="BOWEN"/>BOWEN MCGEAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman H</hi> 143). I was in Commercial Street, on the morning of 5th December, between I and 2—I heard a noise, went up and saw the prosecutor—while talking to him Harvey came up—he saw me and went back—the prosecutor said, "That is one of them, take him into custody"—I followed and got hold of him—he said, "I am quite innocent, I know nothing of it"—I had not said anything to him about the charge before he said that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did the prosecutor appear to have been drinking at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Harvey</hi>. You misconstrued my words; I said, "What do you want with me, I have done nothing?" I said nothing about being innocent, for I did not know what the charge was.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. What he said was, "I am quite innocent, I know nothing of it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-34" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-34" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. Last Wednesday, 9th December, about 8.30, I was in a public-house—the prosecutor and two friends walked in and out again, and returned with two officers, and gave me into custody—I know nothing about this matter—I only know they swore to me falsely.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-88-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-88-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-88-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-89">
<interp inst="t18681214-89" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-89" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-89-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18681214 t18681214-89-offence-1 t18681214-89-verdict-1"/>
<p>89.
<persName id="def1-89-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-89-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18681214" type="age" value="49"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18681214" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-89-18681214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LANE</hi> (49)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-89-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-89-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-89-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>. Stealing a coat of
<persName id="t18681214-name-36" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-36" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-36" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-89-offence-1 t18681214-name-36"/>Walter Bull</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-37" type="surname" value="JINKS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN JINKS</persName> </hi>. I am an errand boy in the service of Messrs Hyams, of Wood Street—on the morning of the 26th December I was out in his trap—I was loading it—the mackintosh was outside—I saw the prisoner just before I began to load—he looked at me very hard, and I looked at him—after I had commenced loading, a boy told me something, in consequence of which I ran after the prisoner and found him in Mitre Street, Bishopsgate, wearing the mackintosh—I asked where he was going—he asked what I wanted with him, he had got nothing of mine—I said "I want this mackintosh"—I saw a police sergeant just in front of me; he came, and I gave the prisoner into custody—this is the mackintosh—it belongs to Mr. Bull.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Did I not say I had just bought it?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. No—I did not see you take it—the boy who told me is not here.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-38" type="surname" value="REGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-38" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH REGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Sergeant</hi> 56). The prisoner was given into my custody—he was wearing the mackintosh—he was asked his address at the station, and refused it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I had bought it not two minutes before he had came up and spoke to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-89-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-89-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-89-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He further</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction at this Court in June</hi> 1863. **—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-89-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-89-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-89-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-89-18681214 t18681214-89-punishment-5"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-90">
<interp inst="t18681214-90" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-90" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-90-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18681214 t18681214-90-offence-1 t18681214-90-verdict-1"/>
<p>90.
<persName id="def1-90-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-90-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18681214" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18681214" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-90-18681214" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY BAKER</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-90-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-90-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-90-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-90-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-90-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-90-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously uttering counterfeit coin—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-90-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-90-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-90-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-90-18681214 t18681214-90-punishment-6"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-91">
<interp inst="t18681214-91" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-91" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-91-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18681214 t18681214-91-offence-1 t18681214-91-verdict-1"/>
<p>91.
<persName id="def1-91-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-91-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18681214" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18681214" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-91-18681214" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CLARK</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-91-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-91-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-91-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to unlawfully uttering coin</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-91-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-91-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-91-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-91-18681214 t18681214-91-punishment-7"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18681214-91-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-91-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-91-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs>And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-92">
<interp inst="t18681214-92" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-92" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-92-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18681214 t18681214-92-offence-1 t18681214-92-verdict-1"/>
<p>92.
<persName id="def1-92-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-92-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18681214" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18681214" type="surname" value="BRAZELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-92-18681214" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN BRAZELL</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-92-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-92-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-92-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> a receipt for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-92-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-92-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-92-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-92-18681214 t18681214-92-punishment-8"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18681214-92-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-92-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-92-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-93">
<interp inst="t18681214-93" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-93" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-93-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18681214 t18681214-93-offence-1 t18681214-93-verdict-1"/>
<p>93.
<persName id="def1-93-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-93-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18681214" type="age" value="76"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18681214" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18681214" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WHITE</hi> (76)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-93-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-93-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-93-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-43" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-43" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BETTS</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, at 9, Nevill Road, Stoke Newington—on the 14th of November I served the prisoner with a quarter of a pound of loaf sugar and an ounce of tea, which came to 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a shilling, I gave him the change and he left—I kept the shilling in my hand and afterwards weighed it, it was very light—I showed it to my daughter, and threw it on the fire, it melted quickly and ran through—on the 18th of November the prisoner came again, I recognised him—he asked for tea, sugar, and bacon, which came to 91/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—my daughter served him with the, tea and sugar—I saw the prisoner throw down a half-crown, and my daughter said, "Mother, this is a bad one"—I tried it, found it was bad, and put it on the counter—the prisoner picked it up and said, "I know where I got it, wait a few minutes, put the goods on one side, and I will call again for them"—he left, and I followed him three quarters of a mile, and pointed him out to a policeman—it was a Victoria half-crown—the prisoner said that if he had known it was a bad shilling, he should not have come to the shop again so soon.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-44" type="surname" value="BETTS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-44" type="given" value="ELIZABETH MARY"/>ELIZABETH MARY BETTS</persName> </hi>. I am a daughter of the last witness—on the 14th of November I saw the prisoner in the shop—after he had gone my mother showed me a shilling—I tried it and gave it back to her—on the 18th of November the prisoner came again—I served him with some tea and sugar, and he gave me a half-crown—I said to my mother "This is a bad one," and put it on the counter—she took it up and put it on the counter again—the prisoner took it up and left the shop, leaving the goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Your mother was not in the shop?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. She was close to my side.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-45" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-45" type="surname" value="MYERS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-45" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MYERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 217). On 18th November, Betts pointed out the prisoner to me—I took him, and said that he had been tendering a bad half-crown—he said, "I know nothing about any bad money; I have no bad money"—as we crossed to the station, he seemed to throw some
<lb/>thing away which looked like paper—I picked it up—it contained this bad half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I asked him what he meant by that—he made no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140011"/>
<p>reply—I searched him, and found one shilling, a sixpence, and a halfpenny—I asked his name and address—he said, "You can find that the same as you found me"—he gave his name at the station, but no address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—this is a bad half-crown—if a coin is put into the fire and melts at once, it must be a bad one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I received 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for my work. I got the half-crown in change for a crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-93-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-93-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-93-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted of a like offence at this Court in July, 1865, to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-93-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-93-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-93-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-93-18681214 t18681214-93-punishment-9"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-94">
<interp inst="t18681214-94" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-94" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-94-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18681214 t18681214-94-offence-1 t18681214-94-verdict-1"/>
<p>94.
<persName id="def1-94-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-94-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18681214" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18681214" type="surname" value="PLAIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18681214" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA PLAIN</hi> (20)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18681214-94-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-94-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-94-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-48" type="surname" value="GROOM"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN EDWARD"/>JOHN EDWARD GROOM</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Queen's Arms, 62, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square—on 30th November, about 3.15, the prisoner and another woman came in—I served them with two glasses of stout—the prisoner gave me a shilling—I gave her the change, and put it by itself on the outside of the till, as I was talking to a friend—five minutes after they were gone I found it was bad—I gave it to the potman, Blowers, who put it on the hob, and it dissolved in five minutes—on 1st December, about 4.45, the prisoner came again, with the same woman, for two glasses of six ale, for which the prisoner paid with a shilling—I told her it was bad—she said that she did not know it was bad—I said, "You gave me one yesterday, and I shall give you in custody"—she said, "I gave you a six
<lb/>pence, not a shilling, on Monday"—I gave them both in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I gave you a sixpence on Monday, and you gave me twopence change.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. That is not true—I did not put the shilling into the till and take it out again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-49" type="surname" value="BLOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-49" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BLOWERS</persName> </hi>. I am potman at the Queen's Arms—on Monday, 30th November, I saw the prisoner and another woman in the bar; Groom served them—after they had gone, Groom showed me a shilling—I put it on the hob, and it melted immediately—I was in the bar next day, cleaning the windows, and saw the prisoner come in again—they had two glasses of ale, and put down a shilling—I ran out for a policeman—the other woman was discharged by the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-50" type="surname" value="CONOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-50" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL CONOLLY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E R</hi> 36). On 1st December, I took the prisoner and another woman at the Queen's Arms—she said she was very sorry; she did not know the coin was bad—a good shilling, a purse, and two keys were found on her—I received the other shilling from Groom—the other woman was discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-51" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-51" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-94-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-94-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-94-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-94-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-94-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-94-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18681214 t18681214-94-punishment-10"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-95">
<interp inst="t18681214-95" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-95" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-95-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18681214 t18681214-95-offence-1 t18681214-95-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-95-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-95-18681214 t18681214-95-offence-1 t18681214-95-verdict-1"/>
<p>95.
<persName id="def1-95-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-95-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18681214" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18681214" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18681214" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BROWN</hi> (20)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-95-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-95-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-95-18681214" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-95-18681214" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="def2-95-18681214" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL HUMPHREYS</hi> (25)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18681214-95-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-95-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-95-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-54" type="surname" value="BRICH"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-54" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BRICH</persName> </hi>. I keep the North Star public-house, Heston—on 27th November, the prisoners came in a little pony cart—Brown asked for a pint of ale and a cigar, which came to fourpence—Brown gave me a crown, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140012"/>
<p>I gave him four shillings and twopence change—he said, "You have not given me enough by sixpence, and I gave him another sixpence—I put the crown in my pocket, where there was no other—they both drank of the ale, and left saying, "We shall call and see you another day"—next morning, I found the crown was bad, and gave it to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-55" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-55" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I live with my parents, who keep the Forresters' Arms Heston—on 27th November, the prisoners came in a pony cart—one of them asked for a pint of ale, which came to threepence; they both drank of it—Brown gave me a crown, saying, "I hope you can change it, miss"—I took it to my mother, who gave me four shillings and sixpence, which I gave to Brown, with threepence—Humphreys was warming himself in the tap room, and Brown asked him if he should give the pony some ale—he said, "No;" but they afterwards went out and gave the pony some—they both got into the cart, and went towards Shepherd's Bush.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-56" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-56" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-56" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the last witness—she gave me a crown on 27th November—I put it in my pocket, and gave her four shillings and sixpence—I had no other crown there—about an hour after
<lb/>wards I found it was bad, and gave it to the police sergeant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-57" type="surname" value="MUCKLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MUCKLOW</persName> </hi>. I keep the White Horse, Shepherd's Bush—on 27th November, about 7.30, Brown came in and asked for some rum, which came to threepence—he took it out to Humphreys, who was in the cart—Brown paid me with a bad crown, and when he came back with the measure and glass I told him it was bad—he called out, "
<hi rend="italic">Sam</hi>, the landlord says this is a bad 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece"—
<hi rend="italic">Sam</hi> then came in (that was Humphreys)—he asked me to let him have a look at it—I said, "No"—I put a good one by the side of it, and said, "See the difference"—Humphreys then said, "Yes, I believe it to be a bad one—I asked Brown if he had got any more bad money about him—he put his hand in his pocket and pulled out a lot of shillings, sixpences, and copper—I said, "It seems strange to me that you should change a 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece when you have got all that change"—he said, "It was the largest, and it came out first, I suppose"—I gave them in custody with the crown—the pony and cart were sent to the Green Yard—next morning, I received a bag from my ostler, Fielder.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-58" type="surname" value="FIELDER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-58" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FIELDER</persName> </hi>. I am ostler at the White Horse—on the morning of 28th November, I found this black bag in one of the hay cribs—I saw some loose money in it, and took it to Mr. Mucklow—I saw both the prisoners the night before, eight or nine yards from the crib—the pony did not eat out of the crib.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-59" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 18). I saw the prisoners in the White Horse, at 12.30, with another young man, who was in a pony-cart—they drove away towards Heston—I saw them again at 8 o'clock at night, in the Ux
<lb/>bridge Road, with the same horse and cart, but did not see the third party—I saw them in custody about 8.15 or 8.20.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-60" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-60" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM STANLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A R</hi> 419). Mr. Mucklow gave the prisoner into my custody, and gave me this crown—I found on Brown a half-crown, a crown, a sixpence, 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, and a box of ointment—I received this bad crown from Birch, and the other from Mary Ann Harris—I saw the prisoners with a horse and cart, which we took to the Green Yard, and which have been claimed by Mr. Richards, of Bethnal Green.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-61" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-61" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>EDMUND BARTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A R</hi> 424). I searched Humphrey and found three florins, sixteen shillings, ten sixpences, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in copper, all good—I searched the court outside, and found this yellow medal (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140013"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-62" type="surname" value="ASPINSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ASPINSHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector X</hi>). Mr. Mucklow gave me this black bag; it contains fourteen florins and three crowns, all counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-63" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-63" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These three crowns are bad, and from the same mould—these three other bad crowns, found in the crib, are from the same mould as the others—these fourteen florins are also bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Humphreys' Defence</hi>. I was quite innocent of what this man was doing; I had no knowledge of him; he asked me to give him a ride, and I did so—he said, "If you will drive us to Hounslow, you will get 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each for bringing us.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM MUCKLOW</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know whether either of the men went out to the cart after you had pointed out that the money was bad?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; Humphreys went out and pushed my man away from the head; I am not aware that he was out of my sight after that—I did not see him go to the crib, but there was just room for him to pass between the pony's head and the crib.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-95-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-95-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-95-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-95-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-95-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-95-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18681214 t18681214-95-punishment-11"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-95-18681214 t18681214-95-punishment-11"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment each</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-96">
<interp inst="t18681214-96" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-96" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-96-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18681214 t18681214-96-offence-1 t18681214-96-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-96-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-96-18681214 t18681214-96-offence-1 t18681214-96-verdict-2"/>
<p>96.
<persName id="def1-96-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-96-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18681214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18681214" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18681214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WEBB</hi> (28)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-96-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-96-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-96-18681214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-96-18681214" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-96-18681214" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AMELIA GRAY</hi> (28)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18681214-96-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-96-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-96-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defended Gray</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-66" type="surname" value="BRUTIE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-66" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA BRUTIE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Brutie, who keeps the Comber
<lb/>mere, at Old Ford—on 3rd December the prisoners came—Webb asked for a pint of half-and-half, and tendered a shilling—I put down sixpence and fourpence in change—Gray said that it was her money, as he allowed her 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a day—I put the shilling with the farthings—Webb asked me for a biscuit, which came to a penny—he gave me a shilling, I bit it and said that it was bad, and I believed he knew it—he said that he did not, and Gray said, "The idea of you saying it is a bad one, we know nothing about it"—they gave me a penny for the biscuit—I took the first shilling from the till, bit it, and found it was bad—I gave the two shillings to my husband—the prisoners went just outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Webb</hi>. I did not give the first shilling.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I cannot say which of you laid it down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-67" type="surname" value="BRUTIE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BRUTIE</persName> </hi>. I keep the the Lord Combermere—I went after the prisoners, caught them twenty yards from the shop, and gave then in charge—they were side by side—I marked the shillings, and gave them to the officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-68" type="surname" value="WAITE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-68" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WAITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 540). I was called to Mr. Brutie's house and found the prisoners detained there—he gave them in custody of another policeman—I searched Webb and found on him two good shillings, 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, and two medals which they use at the fish market.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-69" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GORDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 402). On Thursday evening, 3rd December, I found the prisoners detained at Mr. Brutie's house—they were given into my custody—I told them the charge, and asked them if they were man and wife—Gray said, "All right,
<hi rend="italic">Bill</hi>, you have done nothing, it was me"—the female searcher handed the inspector in my presence 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in coppers—Mr. Brutie gave me these two shillings (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you know that she is the wife of another man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-70" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-70" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings are bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Webb's Defence</hi>. I met Mrs. Gray, who knew me, and offered to treat me. She paid for some half-and-half. I picked up the 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and said, "I will keep this till I see you again." She said, "Give me my money." I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140016"/>
<p>so. She had given me a shilling previously, with which I paid for a biscuit, and the woman said that it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners received good characters</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WEBB</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-96-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-96-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-96-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-96-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-96-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-96-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18681214 t18681214-96-punishment-12"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-96-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-96-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-96-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-96-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-96-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-96-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-96-18681214 t18681214-96-punishment-13"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-97">
<interp inst="t18681214-97" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-97" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-97-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18681214 t18681214-97-offence-1 t18681214-97-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-97-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-97-18681214 t18681214-97-offence-1 t18681214-97-verdict-1"/>
<p>97.
<persName id="def1-97-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-97-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18681214" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18681214" type="surname" value="STYLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18681214" type="given" value="FREDRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDRICK STYLES</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-97-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-97-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18681214" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18681214" type="surname" value="DACE"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18681214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DACE</hi> (25)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18681214-97-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-97-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-97-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DACE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-97-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-97-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-97-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>, having been before convicted, in 1864**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-97-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-97-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-97-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-97-18681214 t18681214-97-punishment-14"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-73" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-73" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BALL</persName> </hi>. I keep the Nag's Head, 111, St John Street, Clerken
<lb/>well—on 3rd December, about 10.30, Styles came in with another man, at one door, and Dace at another door—Styles called for a half quartern of rum and tendered a bad florin—I told him it was bad, and gave it back to him—he said that he was a hard-working man, and took it near London Bridge—he paid me with 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in coppers—he left with the other man—Dace had a pint of beer in another compartment—there was a partition between them—he paid with a good sixpence, and as he was leaving he asked me if the men were trying to pass bad money—I said, "Yes"—shortly afterwards I went into the Pewter Platter, two doors off, and saw them all three given into custody there—to the best of my knowledge this is the florin I bent and returned to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Styles</hi>. You say I paid in coppers, but I did not; my friend paid.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. You had not enough to pay the 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and you made it up between you—the other man drank with you—he has gone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-74" type="surname" value="REPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM REPPER</persName> </hi>. I keep the Pewter Platter—on 3rd December, the prisoners came in—Dace called for a pot of beer—another man came in directly, and they all three drank of the beer—one of them gave me a florin; I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—it felt light—I examined it and told him it was bad—he said, "Let me look at it"—I asked him for the change back—he gave me one shilling and two sixpences, and turned to Styles, and said, "You gave me this"—it was not bent when I received it, or marked, that I am aware of—Styles said that he took it over London Bridge, I think—Ball then came in and said, "Halloa, are they trying the dodge on with you?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "They have just been into my place—the prisoners said they were hard-working men, and could not afford to lose it—I asked Dace for the florin—he gave it to me, and I gave it to the con
<lb/>stable—I went to the station, and Dace said, "If you charge me I will make it hot for you"—they were all given in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-75" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-75" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WILSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 111). I took the prisoners—Styles said that he got the florin at London Bridge—I found on him a good sixpence and 21/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-76" type="surname" value="DELL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-76" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 32). I took Dace, and found two bad florins loose in his pocket, one of which had a mark on it, two pieces of paper, a good sixpence, and 71/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-77" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-77" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This florin, uttered by Styles, is bad—these other two florins are also bad, and all three are from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Styles produced a written defence, stating that he knew where he took the bad money, and would have taken it back if he had not been given in charge</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STYLES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-97-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-97-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-97-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140017"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-98">
<interp inst="t18681214-98" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-98" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-98-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18681214 t18681214-98-offence-1 t18681214-98-verdict-1"/>
<p>98.
<persName id="def1-98-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-98-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18681214" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18681214" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18681214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY RICHARDS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-98-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-98-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-98-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-79" type="surname" value="GILDER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-79" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS GILDER</persName> </hi>. I am a stationer, at 155, Clarendon Road, Noting Hill—on 15th October, the prisoner came to my shop, and asked for a
<hi rend="italic">Telegraph</hi> newspaper—he gave me a bad shilling—I said it would not do for me—I asked him what his name was, and he said, "George Dawson," and lived in Long Acre—he then offered me a good shilling, and I refused it—I gave him into custody, and gave the coin to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-80" type="surname" value="DELL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-80" type="given" value="JOHNSON"/>JOHNSON DELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X R</hi> 33). On 15th October, the prisoner was given into my custody by the last witness, and I received this bad shilling from him—I searched the prisoner, and found a good shilling—he was charged at the Police Court, remanded, and discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-81" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-81" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE LOUISA"/>CHARLOTTE LOUISA WATKINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 166, Fulham Road, and keep a post office—on 24th November, the prisoner came and asked for 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of postage stamps—he paid with two shillings, a florin, and a bad half-crown—the other money was good—I said, "This is bad"—he said, "Are you sure?"—I said, "Yes, I am, and it is not the first time you have been in here with money that is bad"—he said it was the first time—I said, "You passed a bad shilling about three weeks ago"—he said he was never in the shop before—he said he would go and fetch his master—I told him he had better take the 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he went away, but left the 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I put the money together in a drawer—on 28th November, the prisoner came again—he said, "I came to purchase some postage stamps on Monday, and left 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. behind me—I called my master, and the prisoner was given into custody—I gave the half-crown to 362
<hi rend="italic">T</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-82" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-82" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 362). The prisoner was given into my custody on 28th, at Mr. Alexander's shop, and I received this bad half-crown from the last witness.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-98-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-98-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-98-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-98-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-98-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-98-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18681214 t18681214-98-punishment-15"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-99">
<interp inst="t18681214-99" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-99" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-99-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18681214 t18681214-99-offence-1 t18681214-99-verdict-1"/>
<p>99.
<persName id="def1-99-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-99-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18681214" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18681214" type="surname" value="GREENWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18681214" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH GREENWOOD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-99-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-99-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-99-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having in his possession five counterfeit shillings, with intent to utter them.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-84" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-84" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker, of 7, St George's Street, St George's,—on Tuesday, 1st December, about 6.45, I saw the prisoner with a female and another man, down a gateway—I watched them—I saw the other man open a packet of coins, and give some to the prisoner and some to the female—the woman went into a baker's shop, next door—I saw her come out again and join the prisoner and the other man—I went into the baker's shop, and said something to Mrs. Goldsmith—the three of them were there when I came out—I laid hold of the prisoner—the others got away—I asked the prisoner what coins he had in his possession—I had seen them in his hands—they were wrapped up separately in paper—the prisoner put them down on the bar of the beer-shop where I had him, he said nothing about them—I gave him into the custody of 460
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>—there were four coins wrapped in paper, and one out of the paper—I gave the coins to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-85" type="surname" value="GOLDSMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-85" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN GOLDSMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Joseph Goldsmith, and live at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140018"/>
<p>91, St. George's Street,—he is a baker—on Tuesday, the 1st December, about 7.30, a woman came to my shop, and asked for a pound of bread—she gave me a bad shilling—I bent it, and gave it her back again—she went out of the shop, and almost immediately after Mr. Wood came in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-86" type="surname" value="HICKMER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-86" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HICKMER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 460). My attention was called to the prisoner, by Mr. Wood—he said that the prisoner had got counterfeit coins in his possession, and he asked me to examine the coins—the prisoner was present—I examined the coins, and found they were all bad—I asked the prisoner how he came to have the coins in his possession—he said that a man came up and asked him to hold them—I took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>. "I did not know they were counterfeit."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-99-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-99-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-99-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-99-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-99-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-99-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18681214 t18681214-99-punishment-16"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-100">
<interp inst="t18681214-100" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-100" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-100-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18681214 t18681214-100-offence-1 t18681214-100-verdict-1"/>
<p>100.
<persName id="def1-100-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-100-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18681214" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18681214" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18681214" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA BROWN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-100-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-100-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-100-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-88" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-88" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Pedler, 199, Fleet Street—On Monday, 30th November, the prisoner came into the shop—I served her with a seidlitz powder—that was 11/2d—she paid with a bad shilling—I handed it to Mr. Whysall, another assistant—the shilling was broken and given back to her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-89" type="surname" value="WHYSALL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WHYSALL</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Pedler—on Saturday, 5th December, the prisoner came in and asked for three pennyworth of lozenges—she paid with a bad florin—I then told her I recognized her as coming in on 30th November, and said I should give her in charge—she said she had never been in the shop before—I called a constable, and gave her into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-90" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-90" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HUBBARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 420). I took the prisoner into custody at Mr. Pedler's shop—I took her to the station, and she was searched—I found 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and five duplicates on her—I received a bad florin from the last witness.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I have a witness to prove I was not in the shop on the 5th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-91" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-91" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BIRCH</persName> </hi>. I was with the prisoner on the Monday, and walked with her as far as the Elephant and Castle; she came home about 11 o'clock in the forenoon—I was with her till near 7 o'clock at night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARDS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What time did the prisoner come into your shop?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Between 7 and 8 o'clock in the evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-100-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-100-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-100-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-100-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-100-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-100-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18681214 t18681214-100-punishment-17"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-101">
<interp inst="t18681214-101" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-101" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-101-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18681214 t18681214-101-offence-1 t18681214-101-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-101-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-101-18681214 t18681214-101-offence-1 t18681214-101-verdict-2"/>
<p>101.
<persName id="def1-101-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-101-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18681214" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18681214" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18681214" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH BAKER</hi> (50)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-101-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-101-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-101-18681214" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-101-18681214" type="surname" value="CLAXTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-101-18681214" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CLAXTON</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-101-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-101-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-101-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously having in their possession fifteen counterfeit shillings, with intent to utter them.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BAKER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-101-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-101-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-101-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-101-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-101-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-101-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18681214 t18681214-101-punishment-18"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-94" type="surname" value="BOARDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-94" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BOARDMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a cart-minder, in Billingsgate Market—on 4th December, about 9 o'clock, I saw the two prisoners together—I saw Baker pass something to Claxton at the corner of Fish Street Hill; Claxton then went into the Albion coffee-shop—I made a communication to Mr. Harvey, and he followed Claxton into the Albion—I then spoke to the officer, Morey, and pointed Baker out to him—he was taken into custody—I then went to the coffee-shop and gave Claxton into custody—I was watching them together for about twenty minutes—I saw a coin given to Harvey at the coffee-shop.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140019"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-95" type="surname" value="HALE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-95" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET HALE</persName> </hi>. I am a waitress at the Albion coffee-shop—on the morning of 4th December, Claxton came in—he asked for a half-pint of coffee, and paid with a bad shilling—I gave it to Harvey when he came in, and Claxton was given into custody—the prisoner said he did not know the shilling was bad; I had not said anything about its being bad to him before he said that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-96" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-96" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HARVEY</persName> </hi>. I received this shilling from the last witness, and gave it to the constable—I went into the Albion, in consequence of what was said to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-97" type="surname" value="MOSELY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-97" type="given" value="LUKE"/>LUKE MOSELY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Police Sergeant</hi> 55). I was called to the coffee-shop, and took Claxton into custody, and received this bad shilling—Claxton said he had earned it at Billingsgate, carrying fish—I took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-98" type="surname" value="MOREY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-98" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY MOREY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 811). I took Baker into custody, and on him I found these fifteen bad shillings, wrapped separately in paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-99" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These fifteen shillings are bad, and this shilling—one of the fifteen is from the same mould as the one uttered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I earned the shilling honestly at the market; I did not know it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-101-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-101-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-101-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-101-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-101-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-101-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-101-18681214 t18681214-101-punishment-19"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-102">
<interp inst="t18681214-102" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-102" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-102-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18681214 t18681214-102-offence-1 t18681214-102-verdict-1"/>
<p>102.
<persName id="def1-102-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-102-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18681214" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18681214" type="surname" value="WENTWORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18681214" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH WENTWORTH</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-102-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-102-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-102-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-101" type="surname" value="MUNCEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-101" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK MUNCEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 47, Markham Street, Westminster—the prisoner came to my shop on the 27th October, about 1.30, and asked for a half-pound of soap, which was 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he paid with a bad florin—I showed it to my mother, and she gave it to a constable in the prisoner's presence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-102" type="surname" value="MUNCEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-102" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC MUNCEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 47, Markham Street, Westminster—I went into my shop on the afternoon of the 27th, and found my wife and the prisoner there—she gave me a bad florin, and I gave the prisoner into custody, and gave the florin to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-103" type="surname" value="POSTERN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-103" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY POSTERN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman B R</hi> 50). I was called to the shop of the last witness, and the prisoner was given into my custody—I received this bad shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from the last witness—the prisoner said he did not know it was bad—he was taken to the Westminster Police Court, remanded, and discharged on 2nd November—he gave his name Charles Williams.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-104" type="surname" value="WAGHORN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-104" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN WAGHORN</persName> </hi>. I keep the Palmerston public-house, Hampstead Road—the prisoner came to my house on 3rd November, and tendered a bad shilling—I asked him how many more he had of those, without telling him it was bad—he said, "None"—I called my husband—the prisoner ran to the door, and my husband brought him back—a constable was called, and I gave him the shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-105" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN REED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman S R</hi> 21). On 3rd November the prisoner was given into my custody at the house of the last witness—I received this bad shilling from Mr. Wentworth—the prisoner was remanded at Marylebone, and discharged on the 5th, in the name of William Lucy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-106" type="surname" value="BLAKEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES BLAKEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the son of William Blakeman—on Saturday, 14th November, the prisoner came into my father's house, about 4.30—I served him with a glass of sixpenny ale—he gave me a bad florin—I showed it to my father—I remember seeing the prisoner in the house about</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140020"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-107" type="surname" value="BLAKEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BLAKEMAN</persName> </hi>. I keep the Queen's Head, Oxford Street—my son made a communication to me, and gave me a bad florin—I sent for a con
<lb/>stable, and the prisoner was given in charge—I had seen the prisoner in my house previous to that; he then offered me a bad half-crown—I spoke to him about it, and called a constable, but did not give him in charge—I kept the half crown; I gave that to the constable on the 14th.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-108" type="surname" value="MIDDLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MIDDLETON</persName> </hi>. I went to Mr. Blakeman's on the 14th—the prisoner was given into my custody—I received a bad florin from Mr. Blakeman—I asked the prisoner if he had any more about him, and he mid "No"—I found a good half-crown on him—I gave the florin up at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-109" type="surname" value="PERCEIVAL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-109" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>REUBEN PERCEIVAL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 200). I received a florin and a bad half-crown from the last witness—the prisoner gave a false address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-110" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The coins produced are all bad—the two florins are from one mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-102-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-102-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-102-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-102-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-102-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-102-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18681214 t18681214-102-punishment-20"/>Two Years' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-103">
<interp inst="t18681214-103" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-103" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-103-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18681214 t18681214-103-offence-1 t18681214-103-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-103-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18681214 t18681214-103-offence-2 t18681214-103-verdict-1"/>
<p>(103).
<persName id="def1-103-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-103-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18681214" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18681214" type="surname" value="HODGES"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18681214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HODGES</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-103-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-103-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-103-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-103-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-103-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-103-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to feloniously forging and uttering an endorsement to an order for 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t18681214-103-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-103-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-103-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing, in the warehouse of
<persName id="t18681214-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-112" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-112" type="given" value="LOUIS HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-103-offence-2 t18681214-name-112"/>Louis Henry Lyons</persName> and another, a watch and chain, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-103-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-103-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-103-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18681214 t18681214-103-punishment-21"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-104">
<interp inst="t18681214-104" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-104" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-104-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18681214 t18681214-104-offence-1 t18681214-104-verdict-1"/>
<p>(104).
<persName id="def1-104-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-104-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18681214" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18681214" type="surname" value="FINDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18681214" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ERNEST FINDEN</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-104-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-104-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-104-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully appropriating to his own use and benefit ten casks of oil, with which he had been entrusted as agent for
<persName id="t18681214-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-114" type="surname" value="BEGBIE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-114" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-104-offence-1 t18681214-name-114"/>Frederick William Begbie</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, as agent for
<persName id="t18681214-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-115" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-115" type="given" value="CHARLES BULLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-104-offence-1 t18681214-name-115"/>Charles Bullen Davis</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-116" type="surname" value="BEGBIE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-116" type="given" value="FREDERICK WILLIAM"/>FREDERICK WILLIAM BEGBIE</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Great St. Helen's, and am an oil merchant—the prisoner is a war finger, carrying on business at Albany Wharf, as Finden & Co., Limited, but I believe there is no limit—on 10th June I bought ten casks of paraffin oil of Messrs Mordaunt Brothers, which were lying at the defendant's wharf—I got the delivery order on the 24th, this is a copy of it—the prisoner has had notice to produce the original—I lodged it myself in the letter box at his wharf—about three days after, on 1st July, he called at my office—he said, "I am very sorry I was not at the wharf when you called to see the oil and receive your sample. I sent you a sample"—I produced it—he gave me this gauge note, two or three days afterwards—he said it was the gauge note of my oil—I afterwards sold that oil to Mr. Davis, about 12th September—on 6th October, I saw the prisoner again—I said "Mr. Finden, this is a very serious matter about my oil, the casks being emptied and taken away"—he said, "We have used part of the oil to fill up three other merchant's casks. I shall receive the money for it in a few days, and will pay you"—he said "The quantity used was about sixty gallons"—I said, "That is nonsense, when your foreman in
<lb/>formed Mr. Davis that the casks were nearly emptied for that purpose"—he said, "The more money therefore I shall have to receive for it from Messrs. Mordaunt's, Browning's, and another firm—the last two firms I did not hear distinctly—I thought one was Browning's—I said "Well, as a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140021"/>
<p>wharfinger, you had no more right to use my oil than I have to pick a man's pocket, and I intend to apply to the Magistrate at 11 o'clock next morning for redress"—he said, "In that case you may do your best or your worst"—a week before I had written to him to explain what had become of the oil, and he had taken no notice—I went to the wharf three separate times, and was denied admittance by a man who opened the door with a chain up—on 29th September I obtained admittance by a back entrance—I found two men rolling out empty casks, and I noticed between forty and fifty casks there—I examined them all and could not find one cask of my mark amongst them; the premises were quite empty in other respects.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> From your experience as an oil merchant, will paraffin oil, or not, keep for several months at a wharf without injury?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> At all other wharfs I have never had a case of leakage—there is no difficulty in keeping it to order, we might lose about a gallon a cask, in hot weather, in two or three months—when the prisoner called upon me, on 2nd July, he told me that the casks were perfectly sound and in good order, and capable of standing the weather, and if I desired to leave them any time there, he would have the greatest care taken of them for me—the vendor is not here—the prisoner told me they were part of 200 casks.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you been in the oil business?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About two years and a half; on my own account, not more than three months—I was with an oil broker—paraffin is more volatile than any other oil, it percolates through the wood to a slight extent; the longer time it remains in the cask, of course, the more it percolates through—it is generally put in casks that have been used before, not in new casks, they are not so good as the American petroleum casks—it is generally put in those casks—I know that there were about 25, 000 casks of oil at Plaistow Wharf last summer—I believe they are kept in sheds, or vaults, chiefly under ground, to preserve them from the sun—they never put them in the sun—it is not taken out of the casks and kept in tanks at the wharfs; that is done in retail shops, to avoid the loss in tapping—there was no one present when I had the conversation with the prisoner—I met him on the causeway—I had previously been to the wharf and seen between forty and fifty petroleum casks, apparently empty—I hare never seen the prisoner's foreman, Mr. Harris, in reference to this matter; I could never find him—the prisoner said that in hot weather the casks would leak a good deal, and I said, "It is your duty to keep your cooperage, you are paid for it"—I understood that the 200 casks had been there about three weeks before I bought mine—I have had oil at Mellish's wharf, but never knew a cask to leak out; I have known it to lose a gallon or two—I am not aware that they put it in tanks there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Although paraffin is more volatile than some heavier oils, is there any difficulty in keeping it at a wharf?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> None whatever; it is not nearly so volatile as spirits at high proof—it does not so much lose by evaporation, but it is so insidious, that it
<hi rend="italic">goes</hi> through the pores of the wood, but it would take two or three years for a cask to empty itself from the pores, unless it had an accident.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-117" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-117" type="given" value="CHARLES BULLEN"/>CHARLES BULLEN DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 5, Wren Road, Camberwell Green, and am an oil merchant—in September last I received this delivery order (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced by the prisoner</hi>) for eleven casks of oil that I purchased of Mr. Begbie—I lodged it at Finden & Co.'s office, in Crosby Hall Chambers, on 15th September, with the clerk, and they promised I should have it gauged</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140022"/>
<p>—I afterwards gave certain instructions to my carman, but I got no oil—I sent him three times—I have never received any part of it—I afterwards went to the wharf; the foreman let me in, I believe his name is Harris—I saw some empty barrels there; I am quite sure they were empty, because I turned them over—three of them were certainly marked "J M S," which was the mark on the barrels I bought—I paid Mr. Begbie 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on account—it is always customary in the oil trade to pay on account in the first transaction, when you receive the delivery order—there is no difficulty whatever in keeping paraffin oil at a wharf—I had some lying at Plaistow Wharf longer—heat will make it sweat, but not to the extent of bursting a cask—I have known it kept for two years at Plaistow Wharf, without injury—I speak from my experience as a merchant—I have been in business since 1864, and I think I understand the business thoroughly—no doubt exposure to the sun would increase the leakage, but it is the duty of the wharfinger to see that the barrels are in good condition, and that they are kept so—they are mostly put into sheds—I should say the barrels I saw were good barrels; there was nothing in their appearance to lead me to suppose they were leaky; they were as good as the ordinary run of them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You say it might be kept two years; I suppose that would depend upon the sort of barrels they are in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It would in some measure—there are plenty at Plaistow Wharf, that have been there two years—I don't think that keeping them in vaults would make a great difference—I don't think there is any necessity for that; they put them in covered sheds—I don't think they have any vaults at Plaistow Wharf, and I have been there fifty times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-118" type="surname" value="MCGUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-118" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN MCGUIRE</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, and live in Alfred Street, Millwall—on Friday, the 18th, I went to Albany Wharf by direction of my master, Mr. Lyne—I don't know what month it was in—I did not see anyone at the wharf—I went to the foreman's house and saw the foreman—I gave the order, but got nothing, and came back without anything.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-119" type="surname" value="LYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LYNE</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of 20, Albert Street, Millwall—I work for Mr. Davis—I received directions from him about the 16th or 17th September, in consequence of which I gave directions to McGuire to go to the wharf—I gave him a written order for the delivery of the oil—he brought the order back—I destroyed it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-120" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ADAMS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 34). In consequence of information, I went on 27th September, about 11.45 at night, to 28, Cottage Street, Poplar—I found a van had been drawn up at the door, and in the back yard I found five casks of paraffin oil, and eleven empty casks—I found a man named Blank, who lived in the house, and took him to the station, and likewise a man who worked for Mr. Finden—I detained them there until I communicated with Mr. Finden next morning—he came to the Poplar station, and stated that he had given his men orders to move the oil from the wharf, but he did not intend him to remove it on the Sunday night—the two men were then discharged—the prisoner saw the men at the station—I had taken them because I thought it might have been property stolen from the wharf—the casks were all marked that I saw—I remember one mark was 1705—I don't know the letters—that was a full cask—I afterwards went to the wharf—I saw thirteen full casks there, and a quantity of empties.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called the following Witnesses for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-121" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-121" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I was foreman at Albany Wharf—the defendant opened! that wharf in August, 1867—from that time up to September this year, I should think 5000 or 6000 barrels of paraffin oil have been delivered there—this is the first complaint that I have ever heard—I have been foreman there all the time—in May last 200 barrels were removed from the
<hi rend="italic">Avon Carron</hi> steamer, marked "J. M. S."—they were originally consigned to Butterworth & Son—they were removed from the steamer in a lighter, to the wharf—I was at the wharf when they were removed—the whole of them were in a very bad condition—I pumped out two barrels and a half of oil from the lighter, which had leaked out of the casks—they were old barrels, and had been used twenty or thirty times previously—they buy them for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each, and send them over to Scotland—sometimes the oak heads of the casks are destroyed, and fir heads put in instead—the oil gets through the fir more easily than through the oak—some of those 200 barrels had fir heads and some had not—they were a mixture, I expect—they were consigned by Butterworth & Son to different parties—they were all delivered but ten barrels, taken by different parties—I can't exactly tell when they were delivered—it was somewhere about the end of August, and early in Sep
<lb/>tember the prisoner went to Margate, and was there three weeks, I think, on and off—I managed the business at the wharf in his absence, and Mr. Blenkinson at the office in Bishopsgate—the ten barrels were on the premises during that time—they were in a bad state—I had to pump out four of them into different barrels, to preserve the oil, or else we should not have had any of it—I put it into empty barrels—the other six are there—there are ten there, four that I pumped out, and the remaining six—they are all still on the wharf—I should think there is hardly 100 gallons in them now—it has been leaking out ever since, on and off—I did not tell Mr. Davis, or Mr. Begbie, that they were there still—I did not see Mr. Begbie—I saw Mr. Davis—I did not satisfy him that the casks were there still—he had not brought any order, and the brokers were in at the time—I did not write to satisfy him—I did not know him—he had no order, and I had no order concerning him—there was no delivery order lodged with me in his name—I had never seen it—that was my reason for my not telling him anything about it—Mr. Finden was away at Margate at this time, I think—I am not positive he told me he was going there—he came up sometimes—I can't say whether he was out of London or in it at the time—I can only tell you as he told me, that he was going to Margate—I did not see him at the wharf—the brokers were in at the time I removed the oil—I removed it to save it—paraffin oil generally leaks out very much—if a hoop falls off it will empty itself in four hours—there was a hoop off one of those ten—the brokers left the wharf on the Saturday morning—I had orders to clear everything out by 12 o'clock on Monday—Mr. Finden came up and told us to take the oil out anywhere until he could make arrangements—the ten barrels marked "J. M. S." are now on Kent's Tar Wharf, in Upper North Street, adjoining the Albany Wharf—we are frequently obliged to cooper casks anew, to prevent their leaking—these 200 barrels were always being coopered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you say that the whole of the 200 barrels were in very bad order?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, all of them had leaked very badly—as bad as they could be—the staves were not rotten—it was the jolting that started</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140024"/>
<p>the casks—I can swear positively to the ten casks of Mr. Begbie's being in that condition—all of them were, including his—no part of Mr. Begbie's oil had been used—I will swear that I did not use it—no part of it was used to fill up the casks of other persons—I will take my oath of that—I had some conversation with Mr. Davis—I did not tell him that any of his casks were empty—he came and said there were ten barrels of oil marked "J. M. S."—I asked him for his order, he had not got it—I told him there were some empty casks over the way, which had been made up, and those empties were Mr. Browning's, who had 100 of them—Mr. Browning's orders were that we were to make his up out of his own oil—the remainder that he had—I did not satisfy Mr. Davis whether those were his—I did not tell him his casks were empty—I told him there were some empties, and he went and up-headed them—I did not point them out—I should say there were 100 empties, fifty for Hawkins and nearly 100 for Browning—they had been delivered and the empties returned—I was with the prisoner when he opened the wharf, and have been with him ever since—I have not heard of any complaints—perhaps a merchant will come and ask how it is there has been some extra leakage—we have had some complaints, but not what you would term complaints—I have not heard of any—I know the firm of Billing & Sons, they dealt with us—they were oil merchants—I know they made a complaint—they asked how it was there were so many ullages—they gave Mr. Finden in custody on the charge of stealing their oil—when I said there were no complaints, I thought you meant any com
<lb/>plaints about those 200—I know Messrs. Billing gave him in charge, but they could not uphold it—I don't know of any complaint from Mordaunt Brothers—I never heard of any—I heard Butterworth's have made a com
<lb/>plaint, all of them will halloa out about a gallon of oil—we have had the weather extremely hot, and of course that has acted upon the oil.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were any of those 200 casks sold to Browning?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; 100—the charge Messrs. Billing made was afterwards abandoned—the prisoner commenced an action against them—he told me so, for false imprisonment—persons are always complaining of the leakage, but there is hardly any heed taken of it; it is only just a few words, and it is all over.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had Mordaunts some casks at your place?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—none of the oil from the ten barrels was poured into his—it is not true that Mr. Mordaunt had to pay my master for oil put into his casks: I should think not: of course I can't answer for anything between him and Mr. Mordaunt privately—I swear that none of this oil was poured into Mordaunt's casks—I can answer for that—I was on the wharf all the while—I don't remember any of Mr. Mordaunt's own oil being poured in to fill up the casks; and I will swear there was none of anybody else's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-122" type="surname" value="WIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-122" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WIGGINS</persName> </hi>. I am a lighterman, in the employ of Mr. Bromley—on 19th May last I moved 200 barrels of paraffin oil from the Carron Steam Co.'s vessel
<hi rend="italic">Avon</hi> to Albany Wharf—some of them were leaking at the time, and when I arrived at the wharf there was, I should say, from two to three barrels pumped out of the lighter; they took it ashore—I have had a good deal of experience in paraffin oil; it leaks very much in hot weather—these were not full when I received them—of course, it leaks more or less accord
<lb/>ing to the quality of the cask—they are old casks re-coopered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-123" type="surname" value="ADDLE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ADDLE</persName> </hi>. I was under foreman to the defendant—I remember these 200 barrels being delivered in May last—they were in a very bad state, indeed—I helped to pump out the oil from the bottom of the barge, which</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140025"/>
<p>had leaked from the barrels; there was about two and a-half barrels of it—I observed these 200 barrels afterwards; they were leaking—I helped to cooper them many times; we could not stop them, anyhow—I watered them twice a day to keep them cool—10 of those barrels remain; 190 were delivered to various parties—I don't know to how many, but, I dare say, to five or six different parties—the ten barrels remained there three or four months after the last were delivered; the ten barrels are there now—it is not customary to fill up barrels that are leaking from others—we don't do that unless a customer orders it; it is done sometimes to preserve the oil—complaints are always being made about short measure, the casks leak so much—I never knew barrels arrive full—I have used many a pound of soap to stop the leakage of these barrels; I used more to these 200 than we ever did to any others—it was green wood, not fit to hold water—I remember the brokers being there; the defendant was not at the wharf at that time; he went away somewhere—I can't give the exact date of the brokers coming in—it was on a Monday; I can't say the month—they were in eight days—Mr. Davis came there while they were in—we could not allow him to remove anything then; they told us we should not be allowed to deliver anything—I told that to Mr. Davis, at least, I believe the foreman did—he spoke to him; I did not—the ten barrels of oil are now on the wharf adjoining—they were never moved from Albany Wharf till they were removed to the next wharf; it was by direction of the landlord that the wharf was to be cleared—no oil was removed from four of the casks—I don't recollect any oil being pumped out of any of the casks—the ten casks are there now—I should think there is 100 gallons in them now; they are leaking still—we durst not go to cooper them now; of course, we have not since they have been removed—they don't require it, now the weather is different.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You don't mean that the ten casks you speak of as being now in existence are the identical ten casks that Mr. Begbie bought?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I do—when casks are landed, we usually drive them up to tighten them—all casks are liable to leak more or less after a voyage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are any of those ten barrels empty?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; not one of them—I am certain of that—I could not swear for the quantity they con
<lb/>tain; they hold thirty-five or thirty-six gallons, when full—I should think they contain now 100 gallons or more—I do not say for certain they all run equal—I believe I helped to haul them over.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-124" type="surname" value="DARGE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-124" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK DARGE</persName> </hi>. I have been engaged at the Colonial Wharf a great many years—I have had great experience in paraffin oil—it leaks, no matter what precaution you take—we do not treat it at all at our wharf unless we have orders to do so; we allow it to leak on unless we get orders to cooper, because the merchants will not pay unless they give us orders—we tell them on landing, and we generally get orders to cooper—it will leak out, whether we cooper or not—fir wood will not hold it at all; neither will anything else; nothing will hold it—the floors where we keep it are satu
<lb/>rated with oil—we have stored it, but gave it up because we get other stuff to pay us better—the merchants always complain of the leakage, but we simply said we did not care much for it and they might send it somewhere else—we don't take it at all now—I have never been given into custody for taking the oil that leaked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you ever pour it out of one cask into another?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I have never been ordered to do so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-104-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-104-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-104-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-105">
<interp inst="t18681214-105" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-105" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-105-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18681214 t18681214-105-offence-1 t18681214-105-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140026"/>
<p>105.
<persName id="def1-105-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-105-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18681214" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18681214" type="given" value="HENRY HUGH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HUGH PYKE</hi> </persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18681214-105-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-105-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-105-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/> for unlawfully writing and publishing a false, scandalous, malicious, and defamatory libel, of and con
<lb/>cerning one
<persName id="t18681214-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-126" type="surname" value="ARDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-126" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-105-offence-1 t18681214-name-126"/>Robert Ardley</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-127" type="surname" value="ARDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-127" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT ARDLEY</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to some navy agents, and live at 29, Leighton Road—during the four years I have been possessed of those pre
<lb/>mises I have become acquainted with Mr. Pyke's handwriting—this letter, of 26th September, 1868, is his writing; I received it by post—it is a registered letter.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">This was the alleged libel. It was very long and incoherent, alleging a conspiracy on the part of the prosecutor and others to ruin the defendant and his family, and alluding to various acts of trespass and injury done to his garden wall</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How many notices have you received from me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I should think about four—the first was in 1866, followed by others up to September 26, this year—we have not been living on terms of cordiality with the exception of this question of right—I have always tried to keep the peace with you, and I have found it impossible—my feeling has not been excited solely by these notices, there have been an immense number of other grounds—I was not asked before the Magistrate whether my feelings had been injured or insulted by you—I did not state that I was unable to give any instance—I am one of the trustees of the Wesleyan chapel in Lady Margaret's Road—I have not seen any of your notices to the trustees, warning them of various trespasses on property in Kentish Town, in which you were interested—it is a well known fact that you write to everybody, claiming everything, the ground on which our chapel is built, among the rest; but that is a question that you can fight with St. John's College, whenever you please; the ground belongs to them—you complain, in one of your letters, that I cut off some of your flowers—I received a letter from you, dated 21st September, five days previous to the present one—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at several papers</hi>) these were not sent to you by me, they were sent by my solicitors, Messrs. Walker, they are signed by their manager, Mr. Cooper, they were written by my authority—one of those documents was for your signa
<lb/>ture, you refused to sign it, and hence the present proceeding—I dare say I have seen this placard before—it was put up by me—you and Mrs. Pyke first of all tarred my wall, and I put up that, and the result of it was, that Mrs. Pyke black-leaded the wall—I am the proprietor of the wall—on 20th October, I took out two summonses against you and your wife, for painting my wall—they were dismissed—this paper of yours is not a fair statement of the case before the Magistrate, it is very unfair, inasmuch as Mr. Mansfield most distinctly stated that he could not interfere in the question of rights, so he decided and confirmed the previous question of right—you asked me afterwards to go home and dine with you, and I indignantly refused, after the treatment I had received at your hands—you put glass and cement on the wall one night, and I knocked it off intentionally—if you consider you have a right to the wall, I am perfectly prepared to meet you in a Civil Court, but upon that wall you shall put nothing—I wrote you this letter of 26th September, reqesting you to remove some wood that you had most improperly placed on the wall, and your answer to that was the alleged libel—I have not defaced your wall or balcony, or sitting or drawing room—I have recoloured the side of your</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140027"/>
<p>house that overlooks my kitchen—I have not scooped out the mortar, or injured or defaced it in any way—there have not been mebs collected in consequence of this placard—I had a right to stick up what I pleased on my own walls—I have not dug up the foundation of your side wall—I have a right to make any alteration I please—it has not affected your side of the house—I don't remember saying that if you interfered I would settle you in a brace of shakes, possibly I might—I did not receive this paper as a warning and notice not to injure the wall—I was in possession of the house some months prior to the trial of the case of "Pyke and Crane"—I was not thoroughly conversant with the nature of that trial—I saw a report of it in the newspaper, but I don't remember it—I am not aware that an action has been brought against Mr. Keen, a bricklayer, for doing the same to the wall that I have done—I am not aware that it is now pending.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">In the Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate, and also in a very long Defence, he represented that, having purchased property in the neighbourhood, twenty-five year ago, it had been continually encroached upon, and his rights interfered with, and that it was to maintain those rights that he had been in the habit of issuing notices similar to the alleged libel, and not from any malicious or vindictive motive. He then called the following Witnesses:—</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-128" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-128" type="given" value="ANN LUCY"/>ANN LUCY PYKE</persName> </hi>. I know Mr. Crane—I also know Mr. Ardley, well—he informed me that he was a scripture reader at the workhouse, and that he attended there every Sunday afternoon—Mr. Crane and his wife are attend
<lb/>ants at the Wesleyan chapel—Mr. Crane has been for years a guardian of the poor—the Wesleyan chapel schools are four doors from our house—I have seen the Miss Cranes at the school, acting as teachers, and have seen the children coming out on Sunday evenings, accompanied by the Miss Cranes—I do not think Mr. Ardley has anything to say against my father, with the exception of the notices.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> There has really been no intimacy between the families since 1866?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Oh yes, there has—the intimacy ceased this summer, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-129" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-129" type="given" value="CAROLINE MARIA"/>CAROLINE MARIA PYKE</persName> </hi>. I know Mr. Crane and the Miss Cranes—I have heard my sister's evidence; it is true.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-130" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-130" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH PYKE</persName> </hi>. I have heard the evidence of my sisters; it is true.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-131" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-131" type="given" value="HENRIETTA RUTH"/>HENRIETTA RUTH PYKE</persName> </hi>. I have heard the evidence given by my three sisters; it is true.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-105-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-105-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-105-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18681214-105-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-105-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-105-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18681214 t18681214-105-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into his own recognizances in</hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to appear and receive Judgment when called upon</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday</hi>, 15
<hi rend="italic">th December</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="t18681214-106" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-106" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-106-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18681214 t18681214-106-offence-1 t18681214-106-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-106-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18681214 t18681214-106-offence-2 t18681214-106-verdict-1"/>
<p>106.
<persName id="def1-106-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-106-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18681214" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18681214" type="surname" value="MACKINTOSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18681214" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH MACKINTOSH</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-106-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-106-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-106-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-106-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-106-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-106-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to unlawfully obtaining two loaves of bread, of the guardians of the poor of the parish of Shoreditch, by false pretences;</rs>
<rs id="t18681214-106-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-106-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-106-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully attempting to murder herself by swallowing oxalic acid—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-106-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-106-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-106-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18681214 t18681214-106-punishment-23"/>Six Months' Imprisonment on each In
<lb/>dictment, the sentences to run concurrently</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-107">
<interp inst="t18681214-107" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-107" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-107-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18681214 t18681214-107-offence-1 t18681214-107-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-107-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18681214 t18681214-107-offence-2 t18681214-107-verdict-1"/>
<p>107.
<persName id="def1-107-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-107-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18681214" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18681214" type="surname" value="LEVERETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18681214" type="given" value="EDWARD HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD HENRY LEVERETT</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-107-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-107-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-107-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing six woollen shirts, of
<persName id="t18681214-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-134" type="surname" value="BAGALLY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-134" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-107-offence-1 t18681214-name-134"/>John Bagally</persName> and others, his masters;</rs>
<rs id="t18681214-107-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-107-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-107-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, to stealing shirts and handkerchiefs of his said masters—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-107-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-107-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-107-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18681214 t18681214-107-punishment-24"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18681214-107-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-107-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-107-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-108">
<interp inst="t18681214-108" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-108" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-108-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18681214 t18681214-108-offence-1 t18681214-108-verdict-1"/>
<p>108.
<persName id="def1-108-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-108-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18681214" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18681214" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18681214" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN FORD</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-108-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-108-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-108-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-108-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-108-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-108-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18681214 t18681214-108-punishment-25"/>Four Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18681214-108-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-108-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-108-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-109">
<interp inst="t18681214-109" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-109" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-109-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18681214 t18681214-109-offence-1 t18681214-109-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140028"/>
<p>109.
<persName id="def1-109-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-109-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18681214" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18681214" type="surname" value="HIXTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18681214" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER HIXTON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-109-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-109-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-109-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Unlawfully wounding
<persName id="t18681214-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-137" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-137" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-109-offence-1 t18681214-name-137"/>Walter Henry Lyon</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-138" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-138" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LYON</persName> </hi>. I live at 104, Portland Road, Nutting Hill—I have a son named Walter Henry—on 12th November I was sent for, and found him sitting in a chair, in the parlour of 172, Portland Road, bleeding profusely from a wound in his back—the floor of the room was completely covered with blood—I said to the prisoner, who was in the custody of a constable, "Why have you stabbed my son? why have you done this unkind act of stabbing my son, after his kindness to you?"—he said, "I am very sorry; I obeyed the impulse of the moment; I do not know why I did it"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-139" type="surname" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-139" type="given" value="WALTER HENRY"/>WALTER HENRY LYON</persName> </hi>. I live with my father, who is a broker—on 3rd November I levied a distress on the prisoner's goods—my father condemned them on the 9th, but I agreed to give the prisoner time to pay—he promised to find the money on the same night, and on the 12th he paid 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the balance was 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and he promised to give me an I O U for that—on the same evening, the 12th, I called at his place with an I O U, and asked him to sign it—he said, "I shall sign no I O U, and I shall not go"—I said that I should know what to do with him—he rose from his seat, where he was reading, and as I turned to come out I received a stab in the back—I saw a knife in his hand, but there was no knife in his hand when I asked him for the I O U—when he stabbed me he said, "Take that, there is the signature to your I O U."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. What was the amount distrained for?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. £1; we arranged to allow you to take the things at the condemned price, which was a very low amount, and give an I O U for the balance of the expenses, and pay 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. or 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, as you liked.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What is the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A shoemaker—this is a shoe
<lb/>maker's knife—I am very slowly recovering; I cannot stoop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-140" type="surname" value="SHIP"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-140" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SHIP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 141). On 20th November, about 3 o'clock, I went to 172, Portland Road, and saw the prisoner coming from the house—I stopped him and asked him what was the matter—he said, "I have stabbed a man, in the heat of passion, I am very sorry for it, I am going to the station to give myself up"—I said, "You must come back with me"—I took him to the house, and saw the prosecutor bleeding from a wound near the shoulder—I asked the prisoner where the knife was—he said "Up stairs in my room," and gave the key to a woman, who brought it down; and he said, "That is the one."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-141" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-141" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of 87, Clarendon Road—on 12th No
<lb/>vember I examined the prosecutor and found an incised wound on his back, just over the inner and upper corner of the shoulder blade—an artery was severed, which was bleeding profusely—it was a dangerous wound, just over the lung, but the lung was not wounded—he has been under my care ever since—he will recover perfectly—it could be inflicted with this knife.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Were you not asked if the wound was dangerous, and did you not reply that it was not?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. Yes, I did; I was justified in doing so, when my patient was bleeding and exhausted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. The prosecutor was put into my room for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. We came to an arrangement for me to pay 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and to repair a pair of boots. I paid the 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and in the morning he brought another pair for me to repair, which would make the amount 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. He brought an I O U for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140029"/>
<p>17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., which I refused to sign until he had shown me the rent-book, as I had then paid 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. He refused to give any explanation, but said, "I shall know what to do." He picked up something from the floor and said, "I shall take all I can now, and distrain again." I had my knife in my hand, working on a boot, and I said, "Take that!" He cried murder. I did not intend to injure him to the extent I have done. I did it in conse
<lb/>quence of his provoking way, and not arranging my affairs. I did not deliberate it, and had no idea a minute before that such a thing would occur.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> W. H.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LYON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is it true that you refused to let him see the book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I had no book—I did not refuse to let him see the accounts; everything had been explained by my father—the arrangement about the boots was with the landlord, and had nothing to do with me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18681214-109-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-109-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-109-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding</hi>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-109-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-109-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-109-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18681214 t18681214-109-punishment-26"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-110">
<interp inst="t18681214-110" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-110" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-110-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18681214 t18681214-110-offence-1 t18681214-110-verdict-1"/>
<p>110.
<persName id="def1-110-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-110-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18681214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18681214" type="surname" value="MCCARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18681214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MCCARTHY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-110-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-110-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-110-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18681214-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-143" type="surname" value="SIMMS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-143" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-110-offence-1 t18681214-name-143"/>Alfred Simms</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CARTER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-144" type="surname" value="SIMMS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-144" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA SIMMS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Alfred Simms, of Old Brentford—on 10th December, I went to bed at 9 o'clock—I was disturbed in the morning by hearing the striking of a lucifer down stairs, and heard footsteps below—I aroused my husband, lit a candle, went down and saw the prisoner stand
<lb/>ing with his back to the entrance door, inside—I said, "Oh, you wretch! what do you do here?"—he said, "I want a bushel of sprats from Mr. Dobson's, but I have come to the wrong house"—he had got a bushel basket, empty—I asked him how he got in—he said, "Through the window"—and so he had, for I found the curtain broken down and the shutters undone; they bad been pushed back and pushed to again—the door and window were shut the night before—my husband came down, we called the police, and the prisoner was given in custody—he had no appearance of drunkenness—nothing was disturbed in the room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. You told the Magistrate you fastened the shutter with a nail.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I generally used to put a nail in the window, but I did not do so that night; it is a very slight bolt—I found the door unlocked and the key placed outside, on the bricks—I had left it inside over-night—I knew you by sight, but not by name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CARTER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> If the entry was made by the window, had the door been opened and the key put outside?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; my husband was down too quick for the prisoner to get away—it was just after I o'clock in the morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-145" type="surname" value="SIMMS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-145" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SIMMS</persName> </hi>. My wife called me, lit a candle, and went down stairs—I followed her, and collared the prisoner, who was standing with his back to the street door, which was shut—I asked him how he came there—he said he had made a mistake, and come to the wrong house, he meant Dobson's house, after a bushel of sprats—he tried to get away once, while a neighbour was gone for a policeman—I saw the window closed the night before, with a slight bolt, and when I came down it was closed and the curtains drawn—the door had been opened, and the key put outside.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Did not you hesitate a good while before you gave me in charge?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. No—you tried to get away, and made a plunge, but I got you by the throat, and held you against the wall, while my wife called</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140030"/>
<p>the next door neighbour up—the door was closed, and the latch down and fastened; the key had been taken from the look and put outside before we came down stairs.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-146" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-146" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ROGERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T R</hi> 44). I was on night duty, and was called at 1.15 or 1.20—I found the prisoner detained by Simms, in his house—I took him to the station, went back and examined the premises—I found the window blind, which fastens on each side, broken down and hanging by one end.; the shutters closed but not bolted, and a mark on them as if a strong nail or a knife had been forced between them—the key was lying against the wall outside—I found on the prisoner this knife, this piece of candle, and a penny—the prosecutor found three lucifers in the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. A young man named Angel, who I think is a relation of these people, came to my house and asked me to go out to work with him. He said, "Call me up about I or 1.30, and we will get some sprats and sell them." He said that he lived at the second or third house on the left, and went there to have a lie down." I got half drunk. I knocked at the door, nobody answered, and by rattling the door it came half a-jar. I thought he must be drunk. I lit my pipe, and then saw the woman coming down stairs; she said, "What do you want here, you wretch?" I said, "I have come to see Angel." She said, "No; you have got in at the window." Even if she did fasten it, it is quite feasible that other people might open it as well as me. She knows that I am innocent, only there is some disagreement between me and her stater's husband. We have been fighting several times. I know the woman perfectly well, she is poorer than myself. Is it likely that I should break open a house where I knew I should find nothing?</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-110-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-110-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-110-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted at Clerkenwell</hi>, in 1863,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-110-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-110-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-110-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18681214 t18681214-110-punishment-27"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-111">
<interp inst="t18681214-111" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-111" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-111-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18681214 t18681214-111-offence-1 t18681214-111-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-111-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-111-18681214 t18681214-111-offence-1 t18681214-111-verdict-2"/>
<p>111.
<persName id="def1-111-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-111-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18681214" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18681214" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18681214" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BUTLER</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-111-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-111-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18681214" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18681214" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18681214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CLARK</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-111-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-111-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-111-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing thirty-one yards of linsey cloth, the property of a person unknown.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-149" type="surname" value="LEGG"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-149" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LEGG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 863). On 25th November, about 10.40, p.m., I was with Jenkinson in Bishopsgate Street, and saw the prisoners walking together—Butler was carrying a bundle over his shoulder—he turned and saw us following him—Clark ran away—I stopped Butler and said I was a police officer, and wanted to know what he had got in that bundle—he said he did not know—I said, "You must know"—he said, "Well I think it is cloth"—I said, "Where did you get it from?"—he said, "That man gave it to me," meaning Clark—I said "I must take you to the station"—he then kicked my ankles and I fell, but did not lose my hold of him—Jenkinson then came back, and we conveyed him to the station—I found in the bundle fifteen yards and a half of cloth winsey for dresses—the prisoners refused their addresses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Butler</hi>. You were drunk when you fell.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I was sober—you struggled very hard, and got my finger in your mouth and bit it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-150" type="surname" value="JENKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-150" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JENKINSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 641). I was with Legg; I followed Clark—he ran into Skinner Street—I caught him, he said, "What are you running after me for, I have got nothing"—I said, "What made you run, then?—he said, "I was not running out of your way"—I took him back to Legg,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140031"/>
<p>and conveyed them both to the station—on the way Clark said, "I have got a bit under here," pointing to his waistcoat—I looked and found fifteen yards of linsey under his trousers, of the same kind as that in the bundle—Clark said that he and Butler were standing together in Bishopsgate Street, in the morning, and a gentleman traveller asked them to carry his parcels, that they went to the West End, and came back to the Elephant and Castle, and the traveller went into a shop for about an hour, and they lost sight of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Butler's Defence</hi>. The bundle was put into my hands to carry, and no man can say I am guilty of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clark's Defence</hi>. I left Butler. He said, "Do not you run, or else I shall call out stop." I said, "What do you want?" He said, "I shall charge you with George Butler." I did not run away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUTLER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-111-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-111-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-111-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before con
<lb/>victed at this Court, in December</hi>, 1866,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Thomas Brown, to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-111-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-111-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-111-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18681214 t18681214-111-punishment-28"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-111-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-111-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-111-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-111-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-111-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-111-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-111-18681214 t18681214-111-punishment-29"/>Six Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Cleasby</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-112">
<interp inst="t18681214-112" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-112-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18681214 t18681214-112-offence-1 t18681214-112-verdict-1"/>
<p>112.
<persName id="def1-112-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-112-18681214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18681214" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18681214" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18681214" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA WATSON</hi> (29)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18681214-112-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-112-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>for feloniously attempting to kill and murder her infant child.
<hi rend="italic">Fourth Count</hi>. To do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-152" type="surname" value="SANSOM"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-152" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN SANSOM</persName> </hi>. I am a mid-wife in St. Pancras workhouse—on 2nd November, at 10 o'clock, the prisoner was brought to the lying-in ward—I said to her, "You have had a child"—she did not make any answer for some time, but when I told her I should send for a doctor, she said she had been confined—I asked her where her child was—she said in the coal cellar of her mistress's house; that she was taken ill suddenly, before her time, and the child was born dead.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-153" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-153" type="surname" value="CRISP"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-153" type="given" value="EMMA PRESTON"/>EMMA PRESTON CRISP</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, Leighton Villas—the prisoner was in my mother's service; I live with her—on the night of 2nd November, about 9.10, I saw the prisoner looking very ill—I told her to sit still, and I would send my mother down to her, and I gave her some brandy and water—my mother had spoken to her before this, but not in my presence—she is not here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-154" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-154" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-154" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>. I am a ladies' nurse, and live at 13, Nelson Terrace, City Road—I was called in on 2nd November by Mrs. Crisp, who asked if I would assist her getting the prisoner into an institution, as she expected every moment she would be confined—I said to the prisoner, "Are you near your confinement?"—she said, "I have had a slight miscarriage; there will be no confinement"—I assisted her into a cab, and her mistress took her to the workhouse.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-155" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-155" type="given" value="ERNEST THOMPSON"/>ERNEST THOMPSON EVANS</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon—on the night of 2nd November, I was called to the lying-in ward of the workhouse, and there saw the prisoner—I made an examination, and found she had been confined within two hours—I asked her where the child was—she said, in the coal cellar of her mistress's house; that was all she said—I then went to the mistress's house, and went to the coal cellar, and found a child; it was naked, lying face downwards, with about three large pieces of coal (weighing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140032"/>
<p>about 121bs.) going across the body—I removed it, and removed a piece of coal from the child's mouth (a piece which had fixed the jaw, and lacerated the soft parts of the mouth)—the cord had not been tied—it was alive, breathing feebly—the body and legs were covered with the coals, with exception of the feet—they were long narrow pieces; the head was covered—the child has been taken care of, and, I believe, is alive now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-156" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-156" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PRIOR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 146). I took the prisoner into custody—I told her she was charged with attempting to murder her child, and she would have to go before a Magistrate—she said she knew all about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>. "I did not put coals on the child, and I don't think I spoke to the nurse."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I did not put the coals there, and I did not put a piece of coal in the mouth; the coals must have got on by my going back again.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18681214-112-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-112-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on Fourth Count</hi>.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-112-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-112-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18681214 t18681214-112-punishment-30"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-112a">
<interp inst="t18681214-112a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112a" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-112a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112a-18681214 t18681214-112a-offence-1 t18681214-112a-verdict-1"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">In the case of</hi>
<persName id="def1-112a-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-112a-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-112a-18681214" type="surname" value="SPONG"/>
<interp inst="def1-112a-18681214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SPONG</hi> </persName>,
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-112a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-112a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>for Forgery</rs>
<rs id="t18681214-112a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-112a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="miscVerdict"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-112a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noAgreement"/>, the Jury were discharged without giving any Verdict, in consequence of the illness of one of the Jury</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">For the Trial</hi>, See
<hi rend="italic">Old Court, Monday and Tuesday, December</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st and</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-113">
<interp inst="t18681214-113" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-113" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-113-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18681214 t18681214-113-offence-1 t18681214-113-verdict-1"/>
<p>113.
<persName id="def1-113-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-113-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18681214" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18681214" type="surname" value="ENFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18681214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ENFIELD</hi> (27)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18681214-113-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-113-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-113-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> for bigamy.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-159" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-159" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BUTCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman L</hi> 104). I produce two copies of marriage certificates—the first was sent from Colne, Huntingdonshire, and shows that the prisoner was married in October, 1858, at that place, to Harriet Ball—the second certificate I received from the prisoner's wife—it shows that he was again married, in March, 1868, at St Clement Danes, London, to Mary Ann Peacock—I have compared the copies with the original ones, and find them to be correct.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-160" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-160" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MART ANN LEE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Lee, and reside at 98, Wardour Street, Oxford Street—I know the prisoner, and was present at his marriage with my sister, Harriet Ball, at Colne, in October, 1858—my sister is now living—the prisoner lived with her for two or three years after the marriage, at Erith, Huntingdonshire, and I have never seen her since, until I saw her in Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When did you see her at Erith?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> After they were married, and when they were living together—in October, 1858, I was living at St Ives, where I was in service—I used to see them at Erith, until I came to London—it is eight years last October since I saw them—I cannot undertake to say that I saw him within two months of my coming to London, in 1860; it might be within six months—there were quarrels and disagreements between my sister and the prisoner—I heard of them from my sister, and other parties, but I saw none myself—my sister came to London after I had been there two or three years—I do not know when she and the prisoner ceased to live together—there were no children—the prisoner, when married, was a labouring man, at work at Erith.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WOOD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where did your sister go after they were separated?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> To Colne, her own village, and lived with her parents; then she came to live in London.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-161" type="surname" value="FAIRBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FAIRBURN</persName> </hi>. I am the brother-in-law of Mary Ann Peacock, and was present at St. Clement Danes when she was married to the prisoner—I see by the certificate produced, it was March 23rd, 1868.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What trade are you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am a plumber, residing at 53, Vere Street—I am not aware that my sister-in-law has lived at 49, Millbank Street, Westminster—I did not visit her and the prisoner after the marriage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-162" type="surname" value="PEACOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-162" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN PEACOCK</persName> </hi>. I was married to the prisoner on the 23rd March last, at the church of St. Clement Danes—I believed him to be a single man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long did you know him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had known him for some time before—I lived with Mr. Jackson, his sister-in-law, at 49, Millbank Street, Westminster, at the end of 1866, or the beginning of 1867—I had conversations with Mrs. Jackson about the marriage, but I do not remember saying to her that a man could get a divorce, who had not seen his wife for seven years—nothing was said by me to Mrs. Jackson about a divorce—they did not tell me that a divorce was an expensive thing, and of course the prisoner could not get one—the former marriage was never men
<lb/>tioned to me until two months after I was married.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-113-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-113-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-113-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-114">
<interp inst="t18681214-114" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-114" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-114-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18681214 t18681214-114-offence-1 t18681214-114-verdict-1"/>
<p>114.
<persName id="def1-114-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-114-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18681214" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18681214" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18681214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JONES</hi> (28)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18681214-114-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-114-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-114-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>for burglariously breaking into the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18681214-name-164" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-164" type="surname" value="DAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-164" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-114-offence-1 t18681214-name-164"/>George Dawkins</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-165" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-165" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL HILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E</hi> 111). On the evening of the 19th November, I was on duty in Cleveland Street—I saw the prisoner in Bolsover Street, standing in a door way, opposite Mr. Dawkins' house—I went towards him, and he walked in the direction of the Euston Road—I followed him for some distance, and he came again to the top of Cleveland Street—when there, he turned round and made a
<hi rend="italic">dart</hi> with a jemmy at my head—I pulled my head on one side to avoid him, when a man on the opposite side of the road threw a stone at my head—immediately after this, the prisoner dropped the jemmy and four pick-locks—I picked them up and followed him, but lost sight of him at the corner of Bolsover Street—I then went back and found five skeleton keys in the street—the keys are well made, and will fit any door on my division.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What time was it when you first saw the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was about 12.15—I watched to see what he was about, and then he walked towards the Euston Road—I lost sight of him, and the next time I saw him was about 1.5 or 1.10, in Southampton Street, about three minutes' walk from the prosecutor's—if I had been a few inches nearer, he would have driven the jemmy into my head—I had passed the other man, and was close upon the prisoner when I saw him drop the keys.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-166" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-166" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES THOMPSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector</hi>). From information received, I went, between 9 and 10 o'clock on the evening of 19th November, to the prisoner's house, accompanied by two sergeants—we remained watching in the house, and about 1.30 the next morning, we heard the front door opened by some person, but we could not see whether by a man or a woman—the person passed up stairs very quietly, and I gave him time to reach the first floor, when I shouted out, and ran up after him—the person escaped to the top part of the house, and then I saw the prisoner, and charged him with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140034"/>
<p>burglariously entering the house with intent to rob Captain Savage—he made no answer, and then I removed him to the station—on the way be said that if he could get hold of old Savage's things, he would throw him into the sewer—when asked his address, he said it was Spring Street, Shepherd's Bush, which was found to be false.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Are there any other lodgers in the house?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There was a woman living on the third floor, named Benson, who said she was "kept"—I expected other parties would have entered the house when I went there—I was satisfied that Benson knew nothing of the burglary—the stairs are of stone, and are carpeted—the prisoner stood in a corner when apprehended—when I shouted he ran from the first to the second floor, and there I caught him—nothing was found in his possession, except a taper and a latch-key.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-167" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-167" type="surname" value="DUNNAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-167" type="given" value="PORTER WILLIAM"/>PORTER WILLIAM DUNNAWAY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Detective Sergeant</hi>). I accompanied the last witness to the house of Mr. Dawkins on the night of the 19th November—I heard some person enter, and when Inspector Thompson gave the alarm, we pursued and captured him as described—on the Monday night previously, between 9 and 10 o'clock, I saw the prisoner in Bolsover Street, walking up and down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you find any matches on the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—we were ensconced in the kitchen down stairs when we heard the door open.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-168" type="surname" value="DAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-168" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH DAWKINS</persName> </hi>. My husband is the landlord of 66, Bolsover Street—we have an old gentleman named Savage lodging on the first floor—he had considerable property in the house, consisting of silver forks and candle
<lb/>sticks, a batchelor's set, and various other things, with rings, chains, &c.—early on the morning of the 17th November, I heard a latch-key in the front door, and then someone entered and went up stairs—I listened until I heard footsteps coming down again, which was in about twenty minutes—I was in bed in the parlour—I left the bed and opened the door, and then I saw a person with his left hand opening the street door—I said, "What are you doing in my house?"—he did not answer, but closed the door and went away—there was nothing lost or disturbed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> In what part of your house does Captain Savage lodge?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On the first floor—he has never given a latch-key to any person—I have known him to bring home a lady to sleep with him—he once brought some waiters from the Haymarket to breakfast with him—I know Annie Williams—I do not know how many times she has slept with Captain Savage—I have never fetched her for the captain, nor have I been with anyone who has done so—a Mrs. Thompson and a person of the name of Benson slept on the third floor—Benson came to me as a married lady—I did not find out till afterwards that she had no husband—I have known her receive visits from Mr. Benson, and him only—he had discontinued his visits about three weeks before the burglary—I never trouble Mrs. Benson about money—I did not say, when the prisoner was apprehended, that it was Mrs. Benson's latch-key in his possession, nor that it was like hers—it is not like any key that I possess—I might have said, in my excitement, "Benson is in this, and shall go;" but I do not think so now—I had given her notice to leave, when she told me she expected a letter from Mr. Benson, and then she would pay me—Captain Savage is rather an eccentric gentle
<lb/>man—he has not been out at all hours of a night for a long time past—I knew that a woman nursed him for several weeks—I can't say that I have seen a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140035"/>
<p>woman known as the "Great Eastern" at my house—I had heard of a person named Stewart, and think Captain Savage once brought her home to my house—I do not know Mrs. Langford.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>. Mrs. Thompson is a married woman—it is a respectable house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-169" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-169" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH BENSON</persName> </hi>. I lodge with the last witness—I lost my latch-key some time before the 19th November—the one found upon the prisoner is not the same—I do not know the prisoner, and never saw him until I was at the Police Court in Marlborough Street—I never gave him authority to visit me—no gentleman has ever visited me except Mr. Benson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you borne that name?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My name has been Benson for about fourteen months—I went in that name because I lived with a gentleman—I told you at the Police Court that I was married, but I corrected myself afterwards—I confessed that I was not married—the prisoner has never come into my room to my knowledge—I did not see him in the house on the 19th November—Mr. Benson left me about seven weeks ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-170" type="surname" value="PENDRY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-170" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT PENDRY</persName> </hi>. I am a veterinary surgeon, of Upper Thames Street—I have a knowledge of the prisoner—I was with him in the Haymarket, on the night of 19th February, from 10.30 to just upon 12 o'clock—I was not in his company the whole of the time—I parted with him at 11.50 or 11.52; I had just time to catch the 12 o'clock train to Cannon Street, and I said, "I must be off"—I have been in Thames Street fifteen years—I contract for large houses in the City, Chaplin & Home, and the South Western Railway, and others.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What number in Upper Thames Street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> 171—I have not been at the same number all the time; I removed from Bread Street Hill, these being larger premises—I have a veterinary establishment, and boxes for sick horses—some days previous to the 19th, he called and said he had seen an advertisement from my place—I had seen him before, but nothing particular—I made an arrangement with him, as he was commissioned to buy a brougham horse for a gentleman—we were at the Anglesea Hotel, in the Haymarket; we both left there together—I walked with him as far as Barnes's, and then said, "My time is up, I must go"—we did not go into any place before the Anglesea—he was about twenty yards this side of Jermyn Street when I left him; I went across the road, and he went towards the top of the Haymarket—I caught the 12 o'clock train—I am positive this was the 19th—I was spoken to about it on the Monday following by a solicitor, who called on me, and I recollected that I had last seen Jones in the Haymarket on the Thursday evening—I never saw him in the Haymarket with a man going by the name of
<hi rend="italic">Bill</hi>—I did not see the prisoner with anything like this
<hi rend="italic">jemmy</hi>, or keys, that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you say that you were with him from 10.30 to 12.0?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; he came into the Anglesea Hotel while I was there, and I should think I was with him three-quarters of an hour—the landlady was in the bar—I was attending her nag—I went before the Magistrate, but was not called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-171" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-171" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BARTON</persName> </hi>. I am a process server, of 33, Exeter Street, Strand—on 19th October, near 12 o'clock at night, I met the prisoner in the Hay
<lb/>market, near Jermyn Street, close to Barnes's—I fancied he had come out</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140036"/>
<p>of there—I went with him into Jermyn Street; he spoke to me, and I remained with him some time—I had refreshments with him at Glynn'g, in Jermyn Street—we remained there forty minutes, or nearly an hour, and left at 12.40 or 12.45—they close at 1 o'clock—I wanted to get to another house before it closed, and left him talking to another person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> For whom do you serve process?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> For Mr. Roberts, 12, Clement's Inn, Strand, a solicitor—I swear I serve writs and process for him—I served the last about a week ago, because I made a memorandum of it—the 3rd of this month was the last time(
<hi rend="italic">referring</hi>)—I only enter the money I receive—it is a private mark; these figures express the amount—there is another Mr. Roberts for whom I do business, who is not a solicitor—this "C" stands for a figure—I do not do much in the betting way—this book does not stop at August, but it goes backwards; here is the first entry—I generally serve process by day, and go out in the evening—I go to the Haymarket very frequently—I do not watch outside the doors of night-houses—I will not swear I never did so—the last time I did so was ten years ago, when I watched one in Panton Street—I mean as door porter, to keep improper persons out—I had not to tell when the police were coming; they always come in uniform—I never watched at Kate Hamilton's—you have been misinformed; I was waiter there—it is quite ten years ago since I watched—when I go to the Haymarket at night it is to enjoy myself—I sometimes go to the Grapes; sometimes to the Blue Posts—I am there, on an average, four or five times a week—my usual hour for returning home is 1 or 1.30—the houses shut sometimes at 1 o'clock—I had something to do with the Saville House claim—I am not paid by the Gas Company—I have not been collecting evidence for the claim—I have had nothing to do with the claim—I did not describe myself as a porter, in the Saville House matter—I performed a porter's duty; I received the goods—I have known the prisoner about two years, but have lost sight of him within the last two or three months—I do not know how he gets his living—I had not seen him for more than twelve months—I heard of this two days afterwards—I did not appear before the Magistrate; I was not asked—a friend of mine told me he was taken—there is no necessity for me to mention his name.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Yes; you are asked who it was?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mr. Hamilton—he keeps the Robin Hood public-house, in Windmill Street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was he tried in this Court two months ago?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know—I cannot say what I have heard about him; I should pay very little attention to it—he asked me if I had heard of this matter, and I said I was astonished—I did not go to the Police Court to save the prisoner, and I was very unwilling, in fact, to come to-day to mix myself up with it—Hamilton mentioned the prisoner as Jones, and that he was in trouble—he did not mention any Christian name—I knew him by the name of Jones.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-172" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-172" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>ANNIE WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Park Road, East Brompton—I know No. 66, Bolsover Street, where Captain Savage lives—I know the landlady, Mrs. Dawkins, just to speak to, she has come to fetch me to the Captain; I cannot say how many times—I have heard of a person named the "Great Eastern" being at Mrs. Dawkins' house, and I have heard of Annie Stewart—I have not seen them there—but I have heard from Mr. Savage that he has taken them there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you an unfortunate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I was subpoenaedhere.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140037"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES THOMPSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you show that key to the landlady?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—she said it was something like the key that she gave her lodgers—I believe she said that it was shorter than the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MICHAEL HILL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you know the prisoner by sight previous to 19th November?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had seen him on the night of the 16th with another man, that was the only time—I was not familiar with his person previously—that was what I described as "last week" when I was examined before the Magistrate—he was alone on the 19th, but on the 16th an elderly man was with him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-114-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-114-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-114-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted at Newington, in</hi> 1867,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of William James, to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-114-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-114-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-114-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18681214 t18681214-114-punishment-31"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-115">
<interp inst="t18681214-115" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-115" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-115-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18681214 t18681214-115-offence-1 t18681214-115-verdict-1"/>
<p>(115).
<persName id="def1-115-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-115-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18681214" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18681214" type="surname" value="BRICKLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18681214" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BRICKLEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-115-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-115-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-115-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18681214-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-174" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-174" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-115-offence-1 t18681214-name-174"/>William Thomas Bradford</persName>, and stealing from his person one hat and one stick, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-175" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-175" type="given" value="WILLIAM THOMAS"/>WILLIAM THOMAS BRADFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a glass shade stand maker, of 12, Kentish Town Road—on Saturday night, 21st November, a little after 12 o'clock, I went into a watering place near Meux's brewery, up a turning out of Oxford Street, and as I came out I was struck in the face, which knocked me down, my eye was blackened, and my nose bled very much—I lost my hat and my walking stick—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) I do not think the person who knocked me down had anything in his hand—I got up and complained to a constable—the prisoner is the person who struck me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you ever said before to-day that the prisoner is the man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I said so at the Police Court—(
<hi rend="italic">The witnesses deposition being read, stated</hi>: "I told the policeman what had happened and who I thought the man was who struck me")—I believe the prisoner to be the man who struck me—I feel certain he is, and I think I said so at the Police Court—I did not know him before—I had been drinking a little, but not much—I had three glasses of gin and water at different public-houses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-176" type="surname" value="TOOLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-176" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TOOLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman E R</hi> 20). About 12.30 on the morning of 21st November, I saw the prosecutor in New Oxford Street, without a hat, and his face bleeding—in consequence of what he said I went to No. 1, Fletcher's Court, Church Street, with another constable, and found the prisoner at the top of the stairs—he said, "What do you want here?"—I said "I want a man out of this room of the name of Brickley"—he said "My name is not Brickley, my name is Donoghue"—I called him Brickley because I had received information—he had the stick (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in his hand, and was holding something behind him—about twenty of his companions followed me into the court—he took off his coat and waistcoat and said he could fight the pair of us—I told the constable to go into the lane, and I waited at the bottom of the stairs—the prisoner came down stairs and put the hat and stick in the water closet when he left—I took them, and got a sergeant, and met the prisoner in the lane, and took him in custody for unlawful possession of the hat and stick—he said "You think you have got me right, but you have not"—on the Saturday I brought the prosecutor to the station, and he identified the hat and stick—I put the prisoner in the yard with nine other men, and the prosecutor picked him out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When he was picked out, was his coat torn as if he had gone through a struggle?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and others were torn as well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-115-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-115-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-115-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted at Bow Street, in April</hi>, 1868,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-115-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-115-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-115-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18681214 t18681214-115-punishment-32"/>Eighteen Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-116">
<interp inst="t18681214-116" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-116" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-116-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18681214 t18681214-116-offence-1 t18681214-116-verdict-1"/>
<p>116.
<persName id="def1-116-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-116-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18681214" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18681214" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18681214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JACKSON</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-116-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-116-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-116-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 4lbs. of sugar, the property of
<persName id="t18681214-name-178" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-178" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-116-offence-1 t18681214-name-178"/>John Curtis</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-179" type="surname" value="SALTER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-179" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SALTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 728). On the evening of 23rd November, I was on duty in Pudding Lane, and saw the prisoner take a parcel from a van standing there, and put it into another empty van—another person was with him—I went up to the van, and, as soon as they saw me, one of them escaped—I asked the prisoner what he had got?—he said he did not know—I found the parcel contained loaf sugar and moist.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. A man
<hi rend="italic">chucked</hi> the parcel out of the van; it was open—I took it to the next van, and sat on the van with the parcel by my side to see what it contained.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. No; the other man was covering you with his coat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-180" type="surname" value="WATERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-180" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WATERMAN</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Curtis & Co.—on the 24th November, I was in Arthur Street, with a trap, from which I missed this parcel—I had seen it safe at 5.55.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD SALTER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> At what time did this happen?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A little after 6 o'clock—the parcel was taken from the trap in Arthur Street West, and I saw him take it off a van in Pudding Lane and examine it—I made inquiries, and found it had been stolen from Mr. Curtis's trap about ten minutes before I apprehended the prisoner—he took it from a fruit van which was standing in Pudding Lane, and put it in an empty van belonging to Scotts'—the carman was away, and they were going to see what the parcel contained.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>. "I was in Pudding Lane, standing at the corner; a man ran by and
<hi rend="italic">chucked</hi> the parcel on the van. I took it down, and another young man asked me what I had? I said I did not know. I put the parcel on the van, and the constable came up and saw the other young man place his hand on the parcel. That is all I know about it. The constable asked me what the parcel contained? I told him I did not know."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD SALTER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did the other man run away directly you came up?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. And I sat still.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-116-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-116-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-116-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-117">
<interp inst="t18681214-117" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-117" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-117-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18681214 t18681214-117-offence-1 t18681214-117-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-117-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-117-18681214 t18681214-117-offence-1 t18681214-117-verdict-2"/>
<p>117.
<persName id="def1-117-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-117-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18681214" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18681214" type="surname" value="CUFF"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18681214" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CUFF</hi> (19)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-117-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-117-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-117-18681214" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-117-18681214" type="surname" value="STEWARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-117-18681214" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES STEWARD</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-117-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-117-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-117-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18681214-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-183" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-183" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-117-offence-1 t18681214-name-183"/>John Graham</persName>, and stealing from his person a watch, his property, to which</rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CUFF</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-117-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-117-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-117-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-117-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-117-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-117-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18681214 t18681214-117-punishment-33"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-184" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GRAHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of 19, Trevor Square, Knightsbridge—on 18th November, about 6 o'clock, I was in Flood Street—I was a little intoxicated—Cuff and two or three other boys came up to me—I did not notice a man—they wished me to give them some gratuity for calling a cab to take me home—Cuff came to the cab to ask for more money, which I refused, and he snatched at my watch, and took it away, breaking the chain—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186812140039"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Steward</hi>. Did not you offer a reward of 2
<hi rend="italic">l. Witness</hi>. No; I wrote a letter to Mr. Podger, thanking him for the kindness he had shown me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-185" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-185" type="surname" value="ANSLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-185" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN ANSLOW</persName> </hi>. I live with my father and mother, at 60, Queen's Road West—I was standing with my mother at our door, and I saw the prosecutor coming along, and three boys following him—Cuff is one of them—I did not see Steward.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-186" type="surname" value="CHENCRY"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-186" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK CHENCRY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman T</hi> 53). I took Steward at 2, Paradise Walk, Chelsea—I told him he would be charged, with Cuff and Spence, with stealing a gold watch—he said "I did not steal it, but I got the affidavit on it," that is, he had sworn that the watch was his.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-187" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-187" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DAVIDSON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to my brother, a pawnbroker, at 145, Waterloo Road—this gold watch was pawned on the morning of the 19th November, by Steward—next morning he came again and said he had lost the ticket, and had to make an affidavit—I supplied him with a blank form for that purpose, like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the constable brought it back to me—I have the watch still—he pawned it in the name of James Davis.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-188" type="surname" value="PODGER"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-188" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PODGER</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Mr. Weeks, of Chelsea—on the night of the 19th November I saw the prosecutor, the worse for liquor, and two lads with him—I recognize Steward, but not as being there that night—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a letter written to me by the prosecutor, which I took to Steward the next evening—from information I got from a man named Spencer, I said, "Do you know anything about a watch robbery?" and I told him I had received information from Spencer that he had pawned the watch—he denied it at first—we went into a public-house and had a glass of ale together, and he said that he would try and get the affidavit, or the ticket for it—next morning Steward came to me and wanted me to lend him 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to get the affidavit—I did so, and he brought it by 2 o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Steward</hi>. On the night of the 19th was not I in the Ship when you called me out?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. Yes you asked me if I saw Cuff—I told you I saw him at 8 o'clock in the morning—I know you by sight, well, and described you to the prosecutor—you did not say, "If I could find out the prisoner I would pump it out, it is a man named Spencer"—nor did I say that I gave the affidavit to the constable Manly, and I could make it all right.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Steward's Statement before the Magistrate was, that Abel Spencer gave him one shilling to pledge the watch in the name of Davis</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Stewards Defence</hi>. That is true. Mr. Graham said that he did not want to prosecute, and he would go to the station and withdraw the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEWARD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18681214-117-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-117-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-117-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18681214-117-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-117-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-117-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-117-18681214 t18681214-117-punishment-34"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18681214-118">
<interp inst="t18681214-118" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18681214"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-118" type="date" value="18681214"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18681214-118-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-18681214 t18681214-118-offence-1 t18681214-118-verdict-1"/>
<p>118.
<persName id="def1-118-18681214" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-118-18681214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18681214" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18681214" type="surname" value="TURVEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18681214" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY TURVEY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18681214-118-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18681214-118-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-118-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery (with other persons) on
<persName id="t18681214-name-190" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18681214-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-190" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="t18681214-name-190" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18681214-118-offence-1 t18681214-name-190"/>Edmund Hogg</persName>, and stealing from his person a purse and 32
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the, Defence</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18681214-