<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>ALLEN, MAYOR.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, September 21st, 1868, and following days,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FERNELEY ALLEN, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY SINGER KEATING</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart., F.S.A., Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-1" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">WARREN STORMES HALE</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; The Right Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSELL GURNEY</hi>, Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS DAKIN</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT BESLEY</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS JAMES RICHMOND COTTON</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH CAUSTON</hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS SCAMBLER OWDEN</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</hi>, L.L.D., Esq., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-2" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-2" type="given" value="DAVID HENRY"/>DAVID HENRY STONE</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM MC ARTHUR</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SEPTIMUS DAVIDSON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MILLS ROCHE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-sheriffs</hi>.</p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN, MAYOR ELEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denotes the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, September</hi> 21
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="def1-764-18680921" type="surname" value="MACKENNALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-764-18680921" type="given" value="GEORGE SIMPSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SIMPSON MACKENNALL</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-764-18680921" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def2-764-18680921" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-764-18680921" type="surname" value="TIDDY"/>
<interp inst="def2-764-18680921" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD TIDDY</hi> (28)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18680921-764-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-764-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-764-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>unlawfully conspiring with others to defraud
<persName id="t18680921-name-5" type="victimName">
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-764-offence-1 t18680921-name-5"/>John Lewis Hazard</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KENEALEY</hi>, Q.C.,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18680921-764-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES WYMAN</hi> (35)</persName>, and
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<interp inst="def2-765-18680921" type="age" value="25"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD WYMAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-765-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-765-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-765-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>, Un
<lb/>lawfully printing and publishing a libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18680921-name-8" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-8" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-8" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-765-offence-1 t18680921-name-8"/>Thomas Cannon</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-9" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-9" type="given" value="GEORGE VICTOR"/>GEORGE VICTOR MORGAN</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Cannon—he is a newspaper proprietor—on 8th June I went to Mr. Elworthy's office and bought one of these pamphlets, in Crown Court, Threadneedle Street—that is the address on the pamphlet—I bought it of a clerk in the office—I paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it—I paid for another, but did not get it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You did not see Mr. Elworthy there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-10" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Messrs. Wyman, and have been so for some time—they have a printing establishment at Great Queen Street, Lincoln's Inn Fields, under the name of Wyman & Son—I know Albert Henry Elworthy—he brought me the manuscript of this pamphlet to print—I afterwards sent it back to him—we at first printed 250 copies, and afterwards printed a second edition of 250 from a corrected copy which he brought—he took part with him, and the remainder we sent to him at 2, Crown Court—from the time of receiving the manuscript until the issue of</p>
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<p>the second edition about three weeks elapsed—I did not look over this thing—I told Messrs. Wyman that Mr. Elworthy had brought a job to be done—Mr. Edward Wyman was present when he gave me the manuscript, so I had no occasion to tell him—he saw that I took the manuscript—I did not tell him the nature of the contents—I did not look to see—I saw the title, "Persecutions of a Solicitor," when I gave it out to the workmen to be composed—I did not even read the preface—neither of the defendants took the pamphlet into his hands—I said nothing to them about the second edition—there is no person specially appointed to see that the things going through the press are fit to be issued, we look to the reader to do that—he corrects the grammatical errors for the press, after the type is set up—we should expect him to draw attention to anything specially obscene or Libellous—the manuscript was returned to Mr. Elworthy—that was not for the purpose of his correcting the copy, we corrected the proofs before we sent it out—it was done by the reader—he is not now in the establishment—he has several times called attention to matters that were specially libellous and obscene—I made an entry in the books of the receipt of the manuscript—we have not received the money yet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Does Mr. Edward Wyman attend to the counting—house department?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—they are very large printers—they print the "Builder," "Public Opinion," the "London Review," and a number of papers and books—it would be quite impossible for gentlemen conducting a printing establishment to read everything themselves—a good deal of printer's work is done at night, and under pressure—the price of printing this pamphlet would be about 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the profit would be almost a question of shillings—we employ 150 hands and sometimes more—we had done some law printing for Mr. Elworthy about eighteen months previously—he was not a stranger—I knew he was a solicitor—these pamphlets were to be printed in a hurry—the manuscript was given into my hands on Thursday afternoon, Mr. Elworthy said it was in a great hurry, and I sent him a proof on the Saturday—there was about a fortnight between the two editions—I don't think either of the defendants ever saw the pamphlet while it was being printed, or were aware of its contents.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What do they do in the business?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mr. Edward Wyman looks after the counting-house—he makes out the accounts—he would go over the books and see the entries—he attends to financial matters exclusively—Mr. Charles attends to the working department of the printing office—he receives the work and gives it out to the men—he is the head person—Mr. Elworthy did not tell me why he was in a hurry for these—I did not know that he had been convicted—I knew nothing about the trials that had taken place—I did not ask him whether they were his persecutions—he was not asked by Mr. Edward in my presence—at this time Mr. Charles Wyman was very much engaged in bringing out a new directory—Mr. Edward would not, in the ordinary course of things see the entry of the manuscript—I should give him the figures from which he would make out the account.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-11" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CANNON</persName> </hi>. I have been connected with the press as a reporter for more than twenty years, and am a newspaper proprietor as well—I had to prosecute Elworthy for perjury—he was convicted, and escaped by a technicality—I am the person mentioned in the pamphlet—it has affected me very materially—I was always able to earn 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year as a law reporter, and reporter in the Houses of Parliament, and I have lost every</p>
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<p>shilling's worth of that business since—the pamphlet has been circulated very selectedly, and just in places where it would do me most harm—I have seen it at all sorts of places—Mr. Stanley, the defendants' attorney, appeared for them before the Magistrate, and he cross-examined me as to the truth of the contents of the pamphlet in a most insulting manner for three hours, till at last the Magistrate stopped him, and said he should not allow such questions to be put.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did not Mr. Charles Wyman make a statement to the Magistrate, and apologize publicly in Court?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He made a statement; he said he knew nothing of it personally—I don't call it an apology—whatever he said is in the depositions—I don't remember what he said.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was that before or after the Magistrate had stopped his attorney in his Cross-examination?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On the following examination, a week afterwards. (
<hi rend="italic">Portions of the pamphlet were read in the opening</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18680921-765-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT HENRY ELWORTHY</hi> (37)</persName>, was indicted
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<interp inst="t18680921-766-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>for a like offence.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-13" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-13" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">proved the publication, as in the former case, and at the defendants request the pamphlet was read in full. It contained com
<lb/>ments before the previous trials, both of Cannon and himself, and alleging gross perjury and conspiracy on the part of Cannon. In his defence he reiterated this statement, and described his pamphlet as a necessary vindication of his conduct</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="t18680921-766-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-766-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury, on the ground of great provocation received.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
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<interp inst="t18680921-766-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-766-18680921 t18680921-766-punishment-1"/>Two Months' Imprisonment, and to enter into hit own recognizances in</rs> </hi> 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<rs id="t18680921-766-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
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<hi rend="italic">to Keep the Peace for Twelve Months.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-767-18680921" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-767-18680921" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY JONES</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-767-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-767-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-767-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-15" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-15" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-15" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Smith, a coffee house keeper, at 69, Haggerstone Road—on 4th September the prisoner came about 7.45, for half a pint of coffee and two slices of bread and butter—he gave me a florin and I spoke to my husband—he said it was bad, and he told the pri
<lb/>soner he must give him another—he said he had no more about him—I saw him fidgeting about when my husband was speaking to him—on the Monday following we received some information and my brother-in-law searched the place where the prisoner had been sitting on the Friday, and found two florins wrapped up in a piece of newspaper—I gave the first florin he uttered to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-16" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-16" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>. On 4th September, a little before 8 in the morning, the prisoner was in my coffee house—my wife came to me and gave me a counterfeit florin—I tried it and went to the prisoner and told him it was bad—I asked who he was, and he said he was a butcher and worked for a person named Gater, in Brick Lane—I called a constable and gave him into custody—a few days after a communication was made to me and I searched the box where the prisoner had been sitting—I found nothing at first, and then William Wilkins searched and I saw him find two bad florins behind the settle, wrapped up in a piece of newspaper, exactly in the same place where the prisoner had been sitting—I gave these to the constable.</p>
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<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-17" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-17" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILKINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 32, Leath Street Kingsland Road, and am the brother-in-law of the prosecutor—on Monday, 6th September, I helped to search one of the boxes—I found a piece of paper pushed down very tightly, and I could not pull it down, Mr. Smith helped me get it out; it contained these two bad florins—I gave them to the constable—it was the prisoner's father who came and gave the information.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-18" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-18" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman R</hi> 214). I took the prisoner into custody—I afterwards received the two other bad florins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-19" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-19" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to Her Majesty's Mint—these three florins are bad and from one mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18680921-767-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-767-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
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<interp inst="t18680921-767-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-767-18680921 t18680921-767-punishment-3"/>He further Pleaded Guilty to a previous conviction for a like offence—Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-768-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-768-18680921 t18680921-768-offence-1 t18680921-768-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-768-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-768-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-768-18680921" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="def1-768-18680921" type="surname" value="CUMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="def1-768-18680921" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CUMMINGS</hi> (66)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-768-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-768-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-768-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having in his possession nine counterfeit coins with intent to utter them.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-21" type="surname" value="BRANNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-21" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRANNAN</persName> </hi>. I am a constable employed by the Mint—on 9th Sep
<lb/>tember I went to Chiswell Street with several other officers—I saw the prisoner come across the street followed by Inspectors Broad and Brannan—I pointed him out to Miller and another officer, and one of them seized him—Miller went in front, and I saw him seize his left hand and take a bad florin from it—I said "
<hi rend="italic">Bob</hi>, I suppose I need not go through the form of telling you whom I am"—he said "All right,
<hi rend="italic">Uncle</hi>, it was all through that b——cow"—I said "Who do you allude to?"—he said "All right,
<hi rend="italic">Uncle</hi>, you have got me straight this time"—I saw the constable take from his waist
<lb/>coat pocket a packet containing two bad florins, and another packet containing six wrapped up with paper between them—I said "Well,
<hi rend="italic">Bob</hi>, I suppose I need not tell you that they are bad," and he said "You have got me straight"—he was then taken to the station—I charged him with having nine counterfeit florins in his possession with intent to utter them—he said "I have nine points against me now for a conviction, and if they convict me now I expect I shall get a long bit"—I knew his address and sent officers to his place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you ever find any counterfeit coin on me in your life?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—no one told me you were in Chiswell Street—I saw you followed by the officers, and gave the signal to the other constables, and pointed you out to them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-22" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-22" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MILLER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 48). I was with last witness, and seized the prisoner's left hand, and took a florin from it, and two packets from his waistcoat pocket, containing bad florins, and gave them to Mr. Brannan—the evidence of Brannan is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-23" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-23" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These nine florins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I saw a woman drop a parcel and I picked it up; the officers took me into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-768-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-768-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-768-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">He further</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to a previous conviction</hi>, *†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-768-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-768-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-768-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-768-18680921 t18680921-768-punishment-4"/>Five Years; Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-769">
<interp inst="t18680921-769" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-769" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-769-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-769-18680921 t18680921-769-offence-1 t18680921-769-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-769-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-769-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-769-18680921" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-769-18680921" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-769-18680921" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA DALTON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-769-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-769-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-769-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-25" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-25" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BUSH</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer, at 88, Broad Street, St. George's in the East—the prisoner came to my shop on Saturday night, 15th August,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210007"/>
<p>for 31bs. of potatoes, which came to 21/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she paid with a 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I found it was bad, marked it, and afterwards gave it to the constable—I told her it was bad, and she said she did not know it was—she then called to a young man on the opposite side of the road, "George," and he ran away—the prisoner had been to my shop about three weeks before, she then bought a pennyworth of potatoes, and paid with a bad shilling—I gave her 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change for it, and found it-was bad afterwards—I gave it to my wife, she give it me again on the 15th August, and I gave it to the constable—I knew the prisoner again when she came in the second time, and that caused me to try it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-26" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-26" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BUSH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of the last witness—about three weeks before the 15th August, the prisoner came to my shop—my husband served her with some potatoes—she paid with a shilling—after she had left, my husband gave me the shilling, and I found it was a bad one—I wrapped it in paper, put it away in a drawer, and afterwards spoke to a constable about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-27" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-27" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BROWN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K</hi> 87). I took the prisoner in charge—she said she did not know the crown was bad—I received the crown and shilling from the constable on the same day—she said she did not believe it was the are 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece she had given.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-28" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-28" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This crown and shilling are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. He was about twenty minutes before he told me it was bad. I was not in the shop before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-769-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-769-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-769-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-769-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-769-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-769-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-769-18680921 t18680921-769-punishment-5"/>Six Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps"> PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-770">
<interp inst="t18680921-770" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-770" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-770-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-770-18680921 t18680921-770-offence-1 t18680921-770-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-770-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-770-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-770-18680921" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-770-18680921" type="surname" value="FRANKENING"/>
<interp inst="def1-770-18680921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FRANKEN
<lb/>ING</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-770-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-770-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-770-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sovereign*—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-770-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-770-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-770-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-770-18680921 t18680921-770-punishment-6"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18680921-770-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-770-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-770-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-771">
<interp inst="t18680921-771" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-771" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-771-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18680921 t18680921-771-offence-1 t18680921-771-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-771-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18680921 t18680921-771-offence-2 t18680921-771-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-771-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18680921 t18680921-771-offence-3 t18680921-771-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-771-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-771-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18680921" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18680921" type="surname" value="MARTINI"/>
<interp inst="def1-771-18680921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MARTINI</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-771-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-771-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-771-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to three indictments for stealing one ring of
<persName id="t18680921-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-31" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-771-offence-1 t18680921-name-31"/>Hirsch Landsberry</persName>,</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-771-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-771-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-771-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> eleven handkerchiefs of
<persName id="t18680921-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-32" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-771-offence-2 t18680921-name-32"/>George Brad
<rs id="t18680921-771-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-771-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-771-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> and one eyeglass of
<persName id="t18680921-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-33" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-33" type="given" value="EDWARD GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-771-offence-3 t18680921-name-33"/>Edward George Wood</persName>, having been before convicted on 20th April, 1863**—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-771-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-771-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-771-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-771-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-771-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-771-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-771-18680921 t18680921-771-punishment-7"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-772">
<interp inst="t18680921-772" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-772" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-772-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-772-18680921 t18680921-772-offence-1 t18680921-772-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-772-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-772-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-772-18680921" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-772-18680921" type="surname" value="HARTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-772-18680921" type="given" value="GEORGE CROMWELL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CROMWELL HARTLEY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-772-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-772-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-772-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing two 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes and other monies, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-35" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-35" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-772-offence-1 t18680921-name-35"/>William King</persName>, his master—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-772-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-772-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-772-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-772-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-772-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-772-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-772-18680921 t18680921-772-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-773">
<interp inst="t18680921-773" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-773" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-773-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-773-18680921 t18680921-773-offence-1 t18680921-773-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-773-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-773-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-773-18680921" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-773-18680921" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="def1-773-18680921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MONK</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-773-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-773-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-773-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18680921-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-37" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-773-offence-1 t18680921-name-37"/>George William Wilson</persName>, and stealing 11b. weight of cigars**—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-773-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-773-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-773-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-773-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-773-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-773-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-773-18680921 t18680921-773-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-774">
<interp inst="t18680921-774" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-774" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-774-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-774-18680921 t18680921-774-offence-1 t18680921-774-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-774-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-774-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18680921" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18680921" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-774-18680921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BELL</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-774-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-774-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-774-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18680921-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-39" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-774-offence-1 t18680921-name-39"/>Daniel Pead</persName>, with intent to steal—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-774-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-774-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-774-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-774-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-774-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-774-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-774-18680921 t18680921-774-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-775">
<interp inst="t18680921-775" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-775" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-775-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-775-18680921 t18680921-775-offence-1 t18680921-775-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-775-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-775-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18680921" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18680921" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-775-18680921" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES RANDALL</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-775-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-775-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-775-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing seventy-two pairs of gloves, of
<persName id="t18680921-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-41" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-775-offence-1 t18680921-name-41"/>John Derby Allcroft</persName> and others—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-775-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-775-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-775-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-775-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-775-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-775-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-775-18680921 t18680921-775-punishment-11"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-776">
<interp inst="t18680921-776" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-776" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-776-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-776-18680921 t18680921-776-offence-1 t18680921-776-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-776-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-776-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18680921" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18680921" type="surname" value="DURRAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-776-18680921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DURRAND</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-776-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-776-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-776-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to bur
<lb/>glariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18680921-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-43" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-776-offence-1 t18680921-name-43"/>John William Tyler</persName>, and stealing forty-eight brooches and other articles—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-776-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-776-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-776-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-776-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-776-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-776-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-776-18680921 t18680921-776-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment</hi>.</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-777">
<interp inst="t18680921-777" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-777" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-777-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-777-18680921 t18680921-777-offence-1 t18680921-777-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-777-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-777-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18680921" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="def1-777-18680921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COX</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-777-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-777-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-777-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18680921-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-45" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-777-offence-1 t18680921-name-45"/>William Bryant</persName>, and stealing 182 shirts and one waistcoat, and also to having been before convicted on 6th August, 1866*—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-777-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-777-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-777-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-777-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-777-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-777-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-777-18680921 t18680921-777-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, September</hi> 22
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-778">
<interp inst="t18680921-778" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-778" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-778-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-778-18680921 t18680921-778-offence-1 t18680921-778-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-778-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-778-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-778-18680921" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-778-18680921" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-778-18680921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> (24)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-778-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-778-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-778-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-47" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-47" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED COLE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Prince Regent public-house, in Seymour Place, Bryanston Square—on 3rd September, about 11 o'clock at night, the prisoner came to my house with a companion—I served him with a pint of half-and-half, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered me a shilling—I gave him the change, and put the shilling in the till where there was no other moon but a sixpence—my niece, who was serving in the bar, afterwards gave me a bad shilling, and said in the prisoner's presence that he had given it to her—I found it was bad—the prisoner ran out of the house, I ran after him, brought him back, and gave him in charge, and handed the shilling to the police.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-48" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-48" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-48" type="given" value="ELLEN ELIZA"/>ELLEN ELIZA BALLARD</persName> </hi>. I am the niece of last witness—on 3rd Sep
<lb/>tember, I was serving in the bar—I saw the prisoner come in, and saw my uncle serve him, and saw him put the shilling in the till—some little while after, as my uncle was attending to someone else, the prisoner called for a screw of tobacco, and gave me a bad shilling—I bent it and told him it was bad—he said he did not know it was bad—while I was talking to my uncle about it, the prisoner went out—my uncle followed and took him into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-49" type="surname" value="SAGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SAGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman D</hi> 63). I received two shillings from Mr. Cole, which I produce—I found two screws of tobacco on the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-50" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of Coin to the Mint—these shillings are bad.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-778-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-778-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-778-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-778-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-778-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-778-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-778-18680921 t18680921-778-punishment-14"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-779">
<interp inst="t18680921-779" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-779" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-779-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-779-18680921 t18680921-779-offence-1 t18680921-779-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-779-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-779-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18680921" type="surname" value="FINNIGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-779-18680921" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN FINNIGAN</hi> (19)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-779-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-779-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-779-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-52" type="surname" value="LAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-52" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT LAYTON</persName> </hi>. I am shopman to Partridge & Co., stationers, of Chancery Lane—on 10th July there the prisoner came for a half-quire of note paper, and gave me a bad 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I called a constable and gave her into Custody, and handed the florin to the policeman—she was taken to the Police Court, remanded, and discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-53" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-53" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MASON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant at a Post Office in New Bond Street—on Monday, 31st August, between 3 and 4 o'clock in the afternoon, the prisoner came for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of postage stamps—she put down a half-crown, two shillings, and six pennyworth of coppers, in payment—she covered the silver with the coppers—I found the half-crown was bad—I broke it, and told her it was bad—she said she was not aware of it—she said she had come for the stamps for her mother—I gave her the half-crown back—she then said she would only have 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth, and she gave me a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece in exchange—I followed her to the door, and saw a man opposite, who I thought was con
<lb/>nected with her—I gave her into custody, and she was brought back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. He mixed my half-crown with a lot more silver.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I did not: the half-crown never left my hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-54" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-54" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector C</hi>). I took the prisoner in charge—I asked her for the half crown, she gave it me at once—it was broken.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-55" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-55" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FLETCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 476). On 10th July, I was called to Mr. Partridge's shop, and the prisoner was given into my custody with this florin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-56" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This florin and half-crown are bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-779-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-779-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-779-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-779-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-779-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-779-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-779-18680921 t18680921-779-punishment-15"/>Six Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-780">
<interp inst="t18680921-780" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-780" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-780-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-780-18680921 t18680921-780-offence-1 t18680921-780-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210009"/>
<persName id="def1-780-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-780-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18680921" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18680921" type="surname" value="ENDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-780-18680921" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL ENDEN</hi> (27)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-780-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-780-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-780-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARRIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-58" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-58" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HALL</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, and live at 10, Sarah's Place—on 28th August, about 8.30, the prisoner came to my shop—I served him with two cigars, or rather he helped himself—he paid me with a florin—there was a dispute as to whether he had taken two or three cigars—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 41/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—he held his hand out, and said, "Governor, you have made a mistake, I have only had two cigars"—I said, "I beg your pardon," and gave him 11/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. more—before he had passed over the door step I tried the florin in the detector, and it gave way—I said, "hoy"—he took no heed but went out directly—I sent my daughter after him, and I went after him—I saw them talking together—he turned to go on—I went up to him and took hold of him, and said, "We must come back and talk about this"—he went back with me—I took up the florin, and said, "This is a queer piece of stuff you have given me"—he said, "Not me"—I said, "Yes you, and no mistake, and I gave you 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change"—he said, "Oh, I have no change about me'—he put his hand into his left-hand pocket and pulled out a handful of coppers, and said, "That is all the change I have got"—I said, "Yes, and there is the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. among the copper"—he still persisted that he had never been in the shop before—he first said, "I paid you for the cigars," and then he said he had never been in the shop—I sent my daughter for an officer, and gave him in charge with the florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How far had he got when your daughter overtook him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About the length of this Court—he came back without any hesitation—he seemed to be a little fresh, but I think it was only a performance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-59" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-59" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-59" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE HALL</persName> </hi>. I saw the prisoner give my father the florin—directly he left my father told me to go after him—I did so—he had got a few doors from the shop—I told him to come back, father wanted to speak to him—he said, "What is the matter?"—my father came up, and they went into the shop together—I was sent for a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-60" type="surname" value="WHITING"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-60" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WHITING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 38). I was called and took the prisoner into custody—I found 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., good money, and this counterfeit shilling in his waistcoat pocket—I shewed him the shiling—he said he did not know anything about it, it did not belong to him—he pulled a handful of money from his left trousers pocket; there was 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, good money—in his coat pocket I found these three cigars, two of which Mr. Hall identified.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was the prisoner the worse for drink?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He ap
<lb/>peared so when I first took him, but on the way to the station he forgot himself, apparently, and was quite sober—he said Hall had made a mis
<lb/>take in the man, and he should let him know it—I have made inquiries about him—I am not aware that he has ever been convicted or charged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-61" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This florin and shilling are bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-780-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-780-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-780-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-780-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-780-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-780-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-780-18680921 t18680921-780-punishment-16"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-781">
<interp inst="t18680921-781" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-781" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-781-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-781-18680921 t18680921-781-offence-1 t18680921-781-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-781-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-781-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18680921" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="def1-781-18680921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SPENCER</hi> (19)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-781-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-781-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-781-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-63" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-63" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN TURNER</persName> </hi>. I live with my uncle, Mr. Lorcher, in the Goswell</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210010"/>
<p>Road—on 29th August the prisoner came there for half a pint of porter, and paid me with a shilling—I took it to my uncle, and he came out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-64" type="surname" value="LORCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER"/>WILLIAM CHRISTOPHER LORCHER</persName> </hi>. I keep a beer-shop at 247, Goswell Road—on 29th August my niece brought me a bad shilling—I went to the bar, and saw the prisoner there, and put the shilling on the counter—he said, "I have good money," and he tendered a good half-crown—I gave him change, and sent for a constable, but I allowed him to go.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-65" type="surname" value="WILKS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-65" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WILKS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 234). I was called to Mr. Lorcher's—he gave me this bad shilling, but did not give the prisoner into custody, as he had no one to leave in charge of his house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-66" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-66" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-66" type="given" value="JOSEPHINE"/>JOSEPHINE LAMBERT</persName> </hi>. I live at the Foxand French Horn public-house, Clerk
<lb/>enwell Green—on 3rd of September the prisoner came there for half a pint of porter, and gave me a shilling—I tried it, it was bad—I took it to my father in the bar-parlour, and gave it to him—he came into the bar and gave it back to the prisoner; he bent it, and he paid with a good half-crown—the shilling was lying on the counter for some time, at last one of the customers threw it out of doors.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-67" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-67" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LAMBERT</persName> </hi>. My daughter gave me a shilling, I went into the bar, tried it, and gave it back to the prisoner—I told him that I had had several bad shillings passed lately, and to tell his friends not to come to my shop again—he smiled, and gave me a good half-crown, and I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—he left the bad shilling on the counter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-68" type="surname" value="DARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-68" type="given" value="ANNIE ELIZABETH"/>ANNIE ELIZABETH DARTER</persName> </hi>. I live at the Queen's Head public-house, St. John Street—on 3rd September, the prisoner came for half a pint of beer, and gave me a shilling in payment—I gave him a sixpence and 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I handed the shilling to my mother.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-69" type="surname" value="DARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-69" type="given" value="ANNE"/>ANNE DARTER</persName> </hi>. My daughter gave me a shilling, I tried it with my teeth and found it was bad; the prisoner had then left the bar—I ran out after him, and told a man who was keeping a stall outside to run after him—he was brought back by a policeman, and I gave him the shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-70" type="surname" value="PREETH"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-70" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PREETH</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Fish Street, Red Lion Square—I saw the prisoner run down Cow Cross Street, followed by a man, who seized him—they had a wrestle, and rolled about on the road—a policeman came up and took the prisoner into custody—I saw a parcel lying on the pavement where they had been wrestling, I picked it up, and it contained half a dozen shilling, wrapped up nicely with tissue paper between them; I gave them to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-71" type="surname" value="BEARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-71" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BEARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 231). I took the prisoner into custody, and received this shilling from Mr. Darter—I found on the prisoner 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and fourteen pence in copper—I received this packet from Preeth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-72" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-72" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The three utterings are bad, and two from one mould; the other six shillings are bad, and among them is one from the same mould as one of these shillings, and two from the same as the other two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-781-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-781-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-781-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-781-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-781-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-781-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-781-18680921 t18680921-781-punishment-17"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-782">
<interp inst="t18680921-782" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-782" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-782-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-782-18680921 t18680921-782-offence-1 t18680921-782-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-782-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-782-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18680921" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18680921" type="surname" value="DOBNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-782-18680921" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT DOBNEY</hi> (31)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-782-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-782-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-782-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-74" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-74" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-74" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN ELLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and keep a fancy repository at 241, Ball's Pond Road—on 1st of September the prisoner came for two packets of violet powder, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a shilling, I gave him change and he left—after he had gone I tried the shilling, found it was bad, and threw</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210011"/>
<p>it in the dust hole—I took it out again on the Saturday following and gave it to the constable—the prisoner came again on the 2nd September, and bought two toys of my daughter; they came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—my daughter shewed me a half-crown, I proved it was bad, and my sister also, and I returned it to the prisoner, and told him it was bad—I also told him he had been there the day before and given me a bad shilling—he said he had never been there before—he went out of the shop, and I begged him not to come again—on the following Friday I saw him enter Mr. Russell's shop—I was sent for there, and asked, in his presence, if I had seen him before—I said, yes, he had been to my shop twice.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What did you do with the shilling when you received it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I laid it in the drawer where I usually kept money, but I put it by itself, so that I should know it when he was gone, as I was suspicious that it was bad—I took it out the moment he had gone, and gave it to my daughter; no customer had come in in the meantime—when I accused him at Mr. Russell's of passing the half-crown, he said he did not know it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-75" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-75" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-75" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN ELLIS</persName> </hi>. On 1st September, my mother shewed me a bad shilling—next day the prisoner came in for two toys which came to two
<lb/>pence—he tendered a bad half-crown in payment—this is it—I shewed it to my aunt, and then gave it back to the prisoner—he did not buy the toys—my mother accused him of being there the day before; he said he had not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was it in consequence of what your aunt said that you thought the half-crown was bad?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was satisfied of it myself, but I wished to make no mistaken-ray aunt is an invalid—I have been accustomed to take money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-76" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-76" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I live three or four doors from Mrs. Ellis with my brother, who is a draper. On 4th September, the prisoner came in for four paper collars and paid me with a bad shilling. I sent for a constable and gave it to him—Mrs. Ellis was sent for, and the prisoner was given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-77" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-77" type="surname" value="MAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-77" type="given" value="FRANK"/>FRANK MAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Russell—on 4th September, I saw the prisoner there—when he left I followed him and said, "You have passed a bad shilling in our shop, and it is not the first time you have done it in this neighbourhood"—he said, he did not know it was bad—he came back with me and I gave the shilling to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-78" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-78" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman NR</hi> 21). I took the prisoner into custody—I received these shillings, one from Mr. Maunders and one from Mrs. Ellis—I found on the prisoner 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and three penny pieces, good money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-79" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-79" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-782-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-782-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-782-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-782-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-782-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-782-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-782-18680921 t18680921-782-punishment-18"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-783">
<interp inst="t18680921-783" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-783" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-783-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-783-18680921 t18680921-783-offence-1 t18680921-783-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-783-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-783-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18680921" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18680921" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-783-18680921" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD SMITH</hi> (33)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-783-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-783-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-783-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-81" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-81" type="given" value="ANN AMELIA"/>ANN AMELIA TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of John Taylor, who keeps the Red Cow's Calf beer shop—the prisoner came there on the 9th August with two females—he asked for a pint of six ale and a bottle of ginger beer, which came to 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered a bad 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I sent for a constable and gave it to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-82" type="surname" value="SUFFOLK"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-82" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SUFFOLK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman K R</hi> 28). The prisoner was given into my custody with this florin—he was taken before the Magistrate—remanded and discharged.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210012"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-83" type="surname" value="BOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-83" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA BOYCE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Australian New Zealander, in Oxford Street—the prisoner came there on 3rd September with three men, called for a pot of beer and paid me with a bad half-crown—I asked if he knew it was bad—he said, "No"—I asked him to give me other money—he gave me another half-crown—I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, sent for a constable, and gave him in charge with the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-84" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-84" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT YOUNG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 118). I took the prisoner into custody with this half-crown—I found on him eighteenpence in silver, and sixpence in copper—he refused his name and address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-85" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-85" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in his defence stated that he had received the bad money amongst other money as the produce of the sale of a horse and cart at the New Cattle Market, and that he was not aware it was bad</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-783-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-783-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-783-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-783-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-783-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-783-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-783-18680921 t18680921-783-punishment-19"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-874">
<interp inst="t18680921-874" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-874" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-874-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-874-18680921 t18680921-874-offence-1 t18680921-874-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-874-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-874-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-874-18680921" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-874-18680921" type="surname" value="COPELAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-874-18680921" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COPELAND</hi> (31)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-874-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-874-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-874-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-87" type="surname" value="GOSLING"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-87" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GOSLING</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of 263, Holloway Road—on Wednes
<lb/>day, 9th September, about 9.15 in the evening, the prisoner came for a pair of stockings, they came to 81/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half crown, I gave him the change, and he left—I examined the half-crown directly he was gone, and found it was bad—I put it in my pocket, and afterwards gave it to the con
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had you seen the man before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not to my know
<lb/>ledge—he was some time selecting the stockings—I did not like the feel of the half-crown, but I could not see distinctly—I afterwards put it in my desk—there was no other half-crown there—there was a cash box in the desk, and I put the money from the till in that after I have closed for the day—I had not cleared the till at that time—there was a young lady in the shop besides myself—she is not here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-88" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-88" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 30). I produce a half-crown, which I re
<lb/>ceived from the last witness on Thursday evening the 10th September.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-89" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-89" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA MERRITT</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Mrs. Neighbour, a coffee home keeper, at Upper Street Islington—on Wednesday night the 9th September, the prisoner came in between 11 and 12 and went into No. 2 box—there was no one else there from the time he went in till he was taken into custody—there was a salt cellar there—I served him with a cup of tea and one slice of bread and butter; that would come to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he paid with a bad half-crown I spoke to my mistress and a man named Dawson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you in the shop alone;
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My mistress was in the parlour—she could not see the prisoner—I believe he was quite sober—he had not been asleep in the box—I went to my mistress with the money after I served him—he was there about half an hour—no one came in dur
<lb/>ing that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-90" type="surname" value="NEIGHBOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-90" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH NEIGHBOUR</persName> </hi>. I keep this coffee shop—on 9th September I saw the prisoner in my shop—my servant brought me a half-crown and I sent her to Mr. Dawson with it—I went to the front door and waited till she came back—she then handed me the half-crown again—when Mr. Dawson came I went to the prisoner and told him it was a bad one and that I thought I recognized him as a man who was in my shop on the Saturday, and then I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210013"/>
<p>took a bad half-crown—he said he did not know it was bad, and had not been there before—he was not the worse for liquor—a constable was fetched and the prisoner was taken into custody—I gave the half-crown to the constable—next day my attention was called to another bad half-crown, which was found in the salt cellar which was on the table in box No. 2 the previous night—I gave that to the constable also.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you leave the parlour when the last witness came to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I went to the box after she gave me the half-crown—Mr. Dawson lives two doors off—there was no one besides myself attend
<lb/>ing to the business—the prisoner remained in the shop—when Mr. Dawson came I went for a constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-91" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-91" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DAWSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 3, Pierpoint Terrace, close to Mrs. Neighbour—on 9th September the girl Merritt came to me, and I went to Mrs. Neighbour's and found the prisoner there—I showed him the half-crown, and asked him if he knew where he got it from—he said "No"—I asked him if he had any more—he said he had not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-92" type="surname" value="NEIGHBOUR"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEIGHBOUR</persName> </hi>. On the morning of the 10th September I was cleaning out No. 2. box, and saw this half-crown in the salt cellar—I called my wife, and gave it to her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-93" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman N</hi> 310). I took the prisoner into custody and received these two half-crowns from Mrs. Neighbour—I searched the prisoner, and found a portion of a half-crown in his pocket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-94" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. The first half-crown is bad—and the second is also bad—the third, taken from the salt cellar, is bad and from the same mould as the second—this portion of a half-crown is from the same mould as the first.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-874-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-874-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-874-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-874-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-874-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-874-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-874-18680921 t18680921-874-punishment-20"/>Nine Months Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-785">
<interp inst="t18680921-785" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-785" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-785-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785-18680921 t18680921-785-offence-1 t18680921-785-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-785-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-785-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18680921" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18680921" type="surname" value="BONNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-785-18680921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BONNER</hi> (31)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-785-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-785-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-785-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-96" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-96" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BENNETT</persName> </hi>. I keep the Oakley Arms public house, 22, Hall Street, Goswell Road—on 20th August, the prisoner came there with another man, and asked for two three pennyworth's of brandy—another man came in after that, and had a half-quartern of gin—he drank that, and then had another half-quartern—he paid for the gin and brandy—five others then came in and they had some beer—the prisoner had another half-quartern of gin—he asked me if I could give him a half-sovereign for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of sil
<lb/>ver—I did so, and gave him a good half-sovereign from the drawer—I then said "The gin is not paid for"—he said "I have halfpence enough for that"—he put down a few halfpence on the counter, but not enough—and said "You must give me my 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. back again"—he laid down a half-sovereign and I saw at once, it was not the one I had given him—I took it up, and found it was bad—I caught him by the arm, and said "This won't do"—he tore himself away from me, and rushed out of the house—a few minutes after he came into another box, and I called one of the constables, and said, "That is the man"—he was taken, and I charged him with passing the bad half-sovereign—I gave it to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What time was it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About 12.40 in the morn
<lb/>ing—I took the half-sovereign from a drawer where we keep the gold—there was 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. there—the five men that came in had a pot of beer—they paid for it—no one was serving but myself at that time—the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210014"/>
<p>rushed out—I can't say that any of the other men went out—the prisoner did not come in [the same entrance he went out at—he came back of his own accord—I saw him searched at the station—a quantity of money was found on him—I have seen him in the house before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-97" type="surname" value="SPILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-97" type="given" value="JOSIAH"/>JOSIAH SPILLER</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 38). About 12.45 on 20th August, I was outside the Oakley Arms, and saw the prisoner inside—I afterwards saw him come out and run away—I was called inside—I fastened all the other men in the house—in two or three minutes the prisoner came back and went into another compartment—the landlord said "That is the one that tried to pass the half-sovereign"—I went round and took him—he said "I have not been in the house before to-night"—I took him to the station, searched him, and found one sovereign, two florins, two sixpences, and-twopence in good money—on the way to the station he said he should like to put me on my back, he also said "How long do you think it would take me to trip you up if I wanted to get away."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did he say he did not want to be shown up through the streets?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he said, "Let us go on as fast as we can go, for I do not want to be shown up in the streets."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-98" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-98" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE JONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 240). I was with the last witness—I saw the prisoner run away down Hall Street, and then come back again—this half-sovereign was handed to me by the landlord, and I marked it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-99" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-sovereign is bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-785-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-785-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-785-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18680921-785-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-785-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-785-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-785-18680921 t18680921-785-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imrisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18680921-786" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-786" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-786-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18680921 t18680921-786-offence-1 t18680921-786-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-786-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-786-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18680921" type="surname" value="DUFFNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-786-18680921" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SOLOMON DUFFNEY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-786-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-786-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-786-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18680921-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-101" type="surname" value="DURAND"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-101" type="given" value="AUGUSTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-786-offence-1 t18680921-name-101"/>Auguste Durand</persName>,
<placeName id="t18680921-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-786-offence-1 t18680921-geo-1"/>on board the British ship
<hi rend="italic">Castleton</hi>, in a certain foreign port</placeName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm. Other Counts varying the mode of stating the charge.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-102" type="surname" value="DURAND"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-102" type="given" value="AUGUSTE"/>AUGUSTE DURAND</persName> </hi>. I live at High Street, Wapping—in January last I was a seaman on board the British ship
<hi rend="italic">Castleton</hi>, and on the 21st January she was in the port of Manilla—about 12 o'clock that day I was on deck—Duffney was a seaman on board the same ship—he was passing a rope over some part of the vessel, and drew it across my arms—I asked him what he was doing, and he said he would do a d——sight more—I called him a
<hi rend="italic">moke</hi>—I was leaning over the rails after that, looking over the side, and I felt myself stabbed in the right side, and I fell—I saw the prisoner with a knife in his hand—I bled a good deal, and was taken on board a French vessel, and remained in the hospital until the 24th January.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I did not throw a rope across his hand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-103" type="surname" value="TAMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-103" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY TAMLIN</persName> </hi>. I live at Pigot Street, Poplar—in January last I was mate of the
<hi rend="italic">Castleton</hi>, a British ship, belonging to the port of Liverpool—on 21st January we were in the port of Manilla—the prisoner and Durand were seamen on board—I heard the prisoner call Durand a
<hi rend="italic">lobster</hi>, and Durand called the prisoner a
<hi rend="italic">moke</hi>—the prisoner drew his knife out and stabbed him in the side—he passed the knife from his left hand into the right, and then put it in his side—he said, "I have done for you now"—I think that was the expression—I asked the prisoner if they had any ill feeling, and he said, "No."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-104" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-104" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW WEBB</persName> </hi>. I was second mate of the
<hi rend="italic">Castleton</hi>—on 21st January I saw this disturbance, and saw the prisoner stab Durand—I believe he said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210015"/>
<p>"You have called me a nigger long enough, I have done for you now"—the man fell on the deck, and I saw the wound on the right side.</p>
<hi rend="italic">primer</hi>. He did not hear me say, "I have done for you now."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-105" type="surname" value="GIBB"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GIBB</persName> </hi>. I was carpenter on board the
<hi rend="italic">Castleton</hi>—I saw this transac
<lb/>tion, and saw the prisoner draw the knife from the man's side—I know of nothing that took place between the prisoner and Durand in Japan.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-106" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-106" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLARKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Thames Police Inspector</hi>). On 9th August I took the prisoner into custody on board the
<hi rend="italic">Hindostan</hi>—I told him I should take him into custody for stabbing Auguste Durand, at Manilla, on 21st January—the prisoner said, "The man I stabbed is not coming home in the
<hi rend="italic">Castleton</hi>, I believe he is coming home in the
<hi rend="italic">Dor A.</hi>"</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>. "I did not intend to kill or hurt the man."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. The second mate asked me for a pipe. I went and got it, and Durand was standing in the way. I asked him to move; he turned round and turned back again. A bit of rope just touched him on the arm; he turned and said, "What are you doing?" I said, "Why don't you move," and he said he did move. I did not say, "I have done for you now."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-786-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-786-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-786-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-786-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-786-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-786-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-786-18680921 t18680921-786-punishment-22"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">The following Prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-787">
<interp inst="t18680921-787" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-787" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-787-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-787-18680921 t18680921-787-offence-1 t18680921-787-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-787-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-787-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18680921" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-787-18680921" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS WILSON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-787-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-787-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-787-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-787-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-787-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-787-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-787-18680921 t18680921-787-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18680921-787-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-787-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-787-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18680921-788" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-788" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-788-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-788-18680921 t18680921-788-offence-1 t18680921-788-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-788-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-788-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18680921" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-788-18680921" type="given" value="HENRY ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ROBERT HERBERT</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-788-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-788-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-788-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing two books, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-109" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-788-offence-1 t18680921-name-109"/>Joseph Johnson Miles</persName>**—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-788-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-788-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-788-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-788-18680921 t18680921-788-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-788-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-788-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-788-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18680921-789" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-789" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-789-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-789-18680921 t18680921-789-offence-1 t18680921-789-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-789-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-789-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18680921" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18680921" type="surname" value="DORMER"/>
<interp inst="def1-789-18680921" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED DORMER</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-789-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-789-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-789-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing' nine rings, two pins, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18680921-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-111" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-789-offence-1 t18680921-name-111"/>Thomas Cockayne</persName>, his master—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-789-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-789-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-789-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-789-18680921 t18680921-789-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-789-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-789-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-789-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18680921-790" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-790" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-790-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-790-18680921 t18680921-790-offence-1 t18680921-790-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-790-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-790-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18680921" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18680921" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="def1-790-18680921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LLOYD</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-790-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-790-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-790-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a purse, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-113" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-790-offence-1 t18680921-name-113"/>Isabella carr</persName>, from her person, and also to having been before convicted on 7th January, 1866**—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-790-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-790-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-790-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-790-18680921 t18680921-790-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-790-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-790-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-790-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-791">
<interp inst="t18680921-791" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-791" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-791-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18680921 t18680921-791-offence-1 t18680921-791-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-791-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18680921 t18680921-791-offence-2 t18680921-791-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-791-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18680921 t18680921-791-offence-3 t18680921-791-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-791-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-791-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18680921" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18680921" type="surname" value="STOREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-791-18680921" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN STOREY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-791-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-791-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-791-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to three indictments for stealing one brooch, two carrings, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18680921-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-115" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-791-offence-1 t18680921-name-115"/>Emily Caroline Trinder</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-791-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-791-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-791-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>a watch and chain of
<persName id="t18680921-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-116" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-791-offence-2 t18680921-name-116"/>Elizabeth Esther Muirson</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-791-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-791-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-791-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>and one petticoat, and other articles, of
<persName id="t18680921-name-117" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-117" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-791-offence-3 t18680921-name-117"/>Isabella Benoit</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18680921-791-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-791-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-791-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-791-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-791-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-791-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-791-18680921 t18680921-791-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Im
<lb/>prisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-792">
<interp inst="t18680921-792" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-792" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-792-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-792-18680921 t18680921-792-offence-1 t18680921-792-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-792-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-792-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18680921" type="surname" value="SELBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-792-18680921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SELBY</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-792-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-792-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-792-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, to stealing a gelding, cart, and one set of harness, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-119" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-792-offence-1 t18680921-name-119"/>Henry Cundall</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18680921-792-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-792-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-792-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-792-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-792-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-792-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-792-18680921 t18680921-792-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-793">
<interp inst="t18680921-793" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-793" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-793-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-793-18680921 t18680921-793-offence-1 t18680921-793-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-793-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-793-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-793-18680921" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-793-18680921" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-793-18680921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HOLMES</hi> (43)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-793-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-793-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-793-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing eighteen jackets and six shirt fronts, of
<persName id="t18680921-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-121" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-793-offence-1 t18680921-name-121"/>Edward John Watson</persName>, having been before convicted on 7th April, 1856—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-793-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-793-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-793-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-793-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-793-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-793-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-793-18680921 t18680921-793-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-794">
<interp inst="t18680921-794" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-794" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-794-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-794-18680921 t18680921-794-offence-1 t18680921-794-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-794-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-794-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-794-18680921" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-794-18680921" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-794-18680921" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS JONES</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-794-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-794-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-794-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing ninety-one yards of a material called tick, of
<persName id="t18680921-name-123" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-123" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-794-offence-1 t18680921-name-123"/>George Thomas Horrell</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18680921-794-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-794-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-794-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-794-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-794-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-794-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-794-18680921 t18680921-794-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprison
<lb/>ent</hi>.</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-795">
<interp inst="t18680921-795" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-795" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-795-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-795-18680921 t18680921-795-offence-1 t18680921-795-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-795-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-795-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-795-18680921" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-795-18680921" type="surname" value="VANDAME"/>
<interp inst="def1-795-18680921" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT VANDAME</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-795-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-795-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-795-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling and stealing 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the monies of
<persName id="t18680921-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-125" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-795-offence-1 t18680921-name-125"/>Joseph Antonio Gatti</persName>, his master—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-795-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-795-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-795-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-795-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-795-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-795-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-795-18680921 t18680921-795-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Keating</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-796">
<interp inst="t18680921-796" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-796" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-796-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-796-18680921 t18680921-796-offence-1 t18680921-796-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-796-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-796-18680921 t18680921-796-offence-1 t18680921-796-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-796-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-796-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-796-18680921" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-796-18680921" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-796-18680921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BROOKS</hi> (28)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-796-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-796-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-796-18680921" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-796-18680921" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="def2-796-18680921" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE BROOKS</hi> (29)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18680921-796-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-796-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-796-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18680921-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-128" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-796-offence-1 t18680921-name-128"/>Barbara Brooks</persName>; they were also charged upon the Coroner's Inquisition with the like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210016"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-129" type="surname" value="OVERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-129" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH OVERTON</persName> </hi>. I live at 13, Charlotte Street, and keep the house—the prisoners were lodgers in that house just upon three months—they had five children, Barbara, the deceased child, was the youngest; Katie, the eldest, is seven years old; Mary Ann, the next, about five years; the next, William, four and a half years; Elizabeth two and a half years; and Barbara about a year—the prisoners used to go out continually of an evening, from 8 or 9 o'clock and return about 1 or 2 in the morning, leaving all the children, and locking them in—I used to hear them cry—I some
<lb/>times went in—when I did so, I did not see anything in the way of necessaries for them—I saw an empty bottle lying on the bed, and noting else—I never saw the three younger children dressed or clothed, except one night when the female prisoner took the baby out with a hat and cloak—they were not clean, as they lay on the bed they lay in their own soil—on 7th July, the prisoners left home soon after 8 o'clock in the morning and did not return till between 10 and 11 o'clock at night—the witness, Alice Skeltham, fetched me up on that day, and I saw them—there was no food left for them—there were two or three pieces of dry crust, not eatable—I did not see a Mrs. Hyland there that day, no one but Alice Skeltham—she gave the children some food—I did not see them take it—they were in a very emaciated state—they were worse that day than they had been throughout—they had no covering upon them, they laid on the bed naked, no covering at all to speak about—I believe the youngest child had been ill, I heard Mrs. Brooks say so, with measles—I told her she ought to go to the workhouse or hospital, to have necessaries for the children—she said she had been to a hospital, and they would not take them in—on 23rd July, the prisoners left home at 8 o'clock at night and were away all night—Mrs. Brooks came in about 10 o'clock next morning, and Mr. Brooks about 10.13—at that time one of the parish officers had been there, and the police sent for.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How many rooms had the prisoners?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Only one room—it was a large room on the top floor—they paid 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a week for it—the man used to attend to his work, with the exception of going out of an evening—he carried on his shoe making in his room, I heard him con
<lb/>tinually at work—he always had a decent and clean appearance in himself—I have never seen him drunk—I did not know that the children had had diarrhoea—my bed-room was opposite their room—I never went into their room in the day, they used to lock the door inside when they were there—I have never given the children any food, I had quite enough to do to give my own food; I have given the two elder girls a bit of bread and butter when they came in from school—I did not always get my rent except during the last two weeks—I had 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 18
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. at a time when they could give it me: when I asked for it the answer was, they had not anything for themselves—at the time they were taken into custody they owed me six or seven weeks' rent—I have a book; it is not here—I won't be positive hot many weeks they owed: I know there'is two months owing to-day—at the time they were taken into custody they owed two or three weeks—I can't say exactly—I don't expect them to pay since they have been in Newgate; but I am harboured with their dirt and filth, and I am not to keep a room for them, the dirty things—I don't know that they went on a free excursion on 7th July, only from what I have been told—I don't know that she took up some milk for the children before she went—I don't know Mrs. Hyland I may have teen her at the Court, but never before to my knowledge—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210017"/>
<p>did not see the prisoners go out on the morning of 7th July—I saw Mrs. Brooks the first thing in the morning, about 7.30, and I saw them come home about 10 o'clock at night—the door was not locked that day—the two elder children did not go to school that day, they stayed at home with their little brothers and sisters—they were very hungry, I did not give them any
<lb/>thing, I would have done so, only Miss Skeltham came and gave them some—I stayed in the room with them ten minutes or a quarter of an hour each time I went up—there are only two stories to the house, a ground-floor and a first-floor—there was another lodger—Mrs. Brooks did not tell me that on the night of the 23rd, she had been staying with a Mrs. Randall, who was taken suddenly ill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-130" type="surname" value="SHAUGNESSY"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-130" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET SHAUGNESSY</persName> </hi>. I lodged at 13, Charlotte Street—the prisoners were in the habit of going out of an evening, and coming home very late, leaving the children—I did not know that they had five children till the day they went out on an excursion, the 7th July—I did not know they were gone until Alice Skeltham came and called me and Mrs. Overton up stairs—I went with her into the room—I found the children in a very bad state, the three youngest had nothing on them; the youngest, Barbara, was very bad, she had nothing at all on her, and she was lying in her own soil—I believe it was about 1 o'clock when I first went up—Alice Skeltham gave them some food—I did not see them take it—the prisoners returned between 10 and 11 o'clock—the last time I went up was about 10 o'clock, and they were all five then lying on the bed asleep.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> The place was miserably furnished, was it not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yea; in a very dirty state—they had furniture enough to suit their pur
<lb/>pose—they had a bed, and, I believe, two tables and a couple of chairs—I have been living there four months, I lived in the room right opposite theirs; there were no other lodgers—I have a husband and two children—my hus
<lb/>band is a marble polisher.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-131" type="surname" value="SKELTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-131" type="given" value="ALICE"/>ALICE SKELTHAM</persName> </hi>. I live at 76, Willow Walk—my youngest sister went to the same school as the prisoners' two elder children—I had not been to their lodging before 7th July—between 11 and 12 o'clock that morning I was going by the house, and the eldest girl halloaed out of window to me, "Lady, come up," and I went up—I found them in a filthy state, the three younger children lay on the bed, they only had on one little thing, a shirt, nothing else; they were very dirty, they laid in their own soil—I wished to get them up and dress them; they said they had no clothes; I looked but could not find any, and there was no food—I told them I would bring them some—I went away, and returned about 1 o'clock with some broth and pudding—the youngest child was lying in a filthy state; she seemed ill—they ate the food ravenously, the youngest one ate it like a child of ten years—she only had a little shift on—I went to them again about 5 o'clock, and took them some tea, and again about 9 o'clock—I am sure there was no food at all in the place, only a dry crust—I did not see Mrs. Hyland there</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What school is it the children went to?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A free school—I was there when the prisoners came back, between 10 and 11 o'clock—I did not know them before—I had only seen them once.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-132" type="surname" value="EDMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-132" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES EDMONDS</persName> </hi>. I live at 37, Great Cambridge Street, and am a vestry
<lb/>man of the parish—about 10 o'clock on the morning of 23rd July, I was passing through Charlotte Street, and saw a crowd of persons about the prisoner's house—I went up to the room where the children were—the prisoners were not there—I found the youngest child with a small piece of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210018"/>
<p>cotton which formed a chemise, and very little covering on the bed, lying in a filthy state; the other two children were crawling about on the floor—I did not perceive that the youngest was lying in its own soil—the room was in confusion, and there were a great many persons going up and down, which might account for the dirt—I called in a policeman, and the children were taken to the workhouse—they were in a starving condition.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe there is a great deal of distress in the parish?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, it is St. Leonard, Shoreditch, there are a large number of poor in it—up to Midsummer the poor rate was 14
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in the pound, at present it is 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the workhouse is very full.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-133" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-133" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LEONARD</persName> </hi>. I am one of the medical officers of St. Leonard, Shoreditch—I know William Dack, the relieving officer, he is now under my care with typhus fever, and is unable to come here to give evidence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What is the extent of the parish?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is a densely populated parish, though not large in area—there are six out-door medical officers, besides the one at the workhouse—if the prisoners had wanted a medical officer sent to them, they would apply to the relieving officer at the workhouse, who immediately grants the order; it is brought to the medical officer, and upon that he visits: if it is a case of urgency it is marked on the order, and he would then visit as soon as possible; if not, ho would visit the same day he received the order, or send his assistant—there is a certain time fixed for the patients to apply for medicine, they would not have long to wait—if they are visited at two they would come about four for the medicine—there has not been so much sickness this summer, it has been rather a favorable one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you ever have any order to visit the prisoners?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I know nothing of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-134" type="surname" value="BURROWS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-134" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BURROWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 38). I was at the Police Court when William Dack the relieving officer was examined, I saw him sign his depo
<lb/>sition, the prisoners were there and had the opportunity of putting questions—this is his signature—(
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of William Dack was read as follows</hi>:—"I am relieving officer of St. Leonard, Shoreditch. This morning I went to 13, Charlotte Street, the prisoners' house. I there found three children, aged four and a half, two and a half, and one year, in a wretched condition; the other two, aged seven and six years, seemed to have nothing much the matter with them. I saw no food in the room; the three children seemed starved. I took the five children to the workhouse.")—I was called to the house on the morning of 23rd July, I found the five chil
<lb/>dren there, and the place full of people—the mother had the younger one in her arms—William, the one four and a half, was on the bed in a state of nudity, with only a shawl thrown over his shoulders; he was like a skeleton; Elizabeth sat on a stool by the stove, she only had a thin piece of linen in the shape of a shift; they seemed very weak indeed—I said to the prisoners "How can you account for the children being in this state?"—they said they were suffering from measles and diarrhoea—I said, "What medical advice did you have for them?"—he said they had been to the hospital, and he produced these certificates for July, 1867—I said, "Have you not had any advice since then?"—he said, "Yes, I have been to Ormond Street"—I said, "How long ago?"—he said, "About three or four months"—I said "Have they had any advice since then?"—he said, "We generally go out and purchase medicine for them when they require it"—I took the male prisoner into custody, and Dack took the children to the workhouse.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210019"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did not the mother say that the children had been suffering from measles and decline?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The husband said so in her pre
<lb/>sence; I won't be positive whether she said so or not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-135" type="surname" value="CROGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-135" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CROGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman G</hi> 36). I was called to the house on the morning of 23rd July, and took the children to the workhouse—the deceased child was lying on the bed in its own filth, it seemed Very weak.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-136" type="surname" value="BURCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-136" type="given" value="PETER LODGWICK"/>DR. PETER LODGWICK BURCHELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 2, Kingsland Road, and am medical officer for the district in which the prisoners lived—I did not receive any instructions to visit them—on 23rd July, between 10 and 11 o'clock in the morning, one of the guardians called upon me and I went to this house, there were several persons in the room—my attention was called particularly to the three youngest children, who were in a very dreadfully filthy and emaciated condition—the youngest was on the bed naked, I think it had a little piece of rag or something or other over it—the prisoners were not there at that time; this was before the constables arrived—I took no further steps, because the parish officers were present, and the children were taken to the workhouse, and would there be under the charge of Mr. Forbes—I examined them, but I could not undertake to say whether there was any internal disease or not—the symptoms of disease were not prominent; it seemed to be chiefly a case of want of food, more especially with the two elder ones—the youngest was in an exceedingly emaciated condition, probably there was disease as well.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> It is your opinion, I believe, that the emaciated condition of the children arose in part from want of sufficient nutriment?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think mainly so—I have been medical officer about twenty-five years—we have no sinecure—I believe the medical officers earn their salary—there is a great deal to do, it is a densely populated parish—a child suffering from measles, kept in one room with six other persons, would not be so favourably circumstanced as if it were more comfortably situated—measles is a very temporary complaint, it passes off rapidly—this was a tolerably large room—as regards the room, we have a great many cases more un
<lb/>happily situated—I should advise nourishing things in a case of measles, for a weakly child.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was there anything in the residence of the family or the size of the room that was likely seriously to prejudice health?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Certainly not; it was a large room, I should say 16 or 17 feet long, by 13 or 14 wide—if the child was left in its own dirt from morning till night, I should imagine it would have a prejudicial effect; and if it was left from 8 in the evening till 2 in the morning that would be improper treatment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-137" type="surname" value="FORBES"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-137" type="given" value="DANIEL MACKAY"/>DANIEL MACKAY FORBES</persName> </hi>. I am medical officer of the workhouse of St. Leonard, Shoreditch—on 23rd July, the prisoners' five children were brought to the workhouse, and came under my care—the three younger ones were in a very filthy emaciated condition, suffering from measles—the youngest one, a year old, weighed only between 8 and 9 lbs.; the one four and a half years, weighed 11 lbs. 6 ozs.; and the third weighed 12 lbs.—the average weight of a child at birth is 9 or 10 lbs.—they were good sized children, but there was no fat upon them, the bones were protruding from the skin—I attended to the deceased child, and did what I could, but it died on 29th July—I made a post mortem examination—the body was shrunk, and the skin shrivelled, the ribs protruding, the lungs were both inflamed and consolidated—the stomach was small, the intestines thin and opaque, the lower end containing feces—the omentum was shrunk, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210020"/>
<p>there was no fat in the body—the blood was thin and watery, and the brain was slightly congested—the cause of death was inflammation of the lungs and bronchial tubes—deprivation of food, neglect, and filth would accelerate that—judging from the appearance of the body, I came to the conclusion that it did suffer from privation and neglect—I do not attribute the death to measles—the proximate cause of death was inflammation of the lungs, and the want of food accelerated the inflammation.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What diet would you recommend for a child suffering from measles?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> New milk for a child of that age, and either flour or bread with it—children of six or seven could take the ordinary diet, meat and nourishing food—these children were scrofulous—that would be in
<lb/>creased by insufficient food and want of air, and would reduce the condition—none of the children were suffering from rickets; but the child four and a half years old, if left in the same condition in which it was, would certainly have shown that disease very quickly—they had the greatest attention in the workhouse—the present weight of the one of four and a half yean, is 16 lbs., and the one two and a half years, 18 1/4 lbs,—they have had plenty of good nourishing food—they were not suffering from diarrhea; I saw no symptoms of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Suppose the child a year old, left all night by its mother, without food, what effect would it have?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> If it had measles I should not expect it to recover.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-138" type="surname" value="CHAMBERLAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-138" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE CHAMBERLAIN</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Willow Walk—that is close to Charlotte Street—I know the prisoner, and have known the female some time—I have seen them at Pritchard's public house, at the corner of Cross Street, of an evening—I go there for beer—I have often seen them there—I generally Me them when I go there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Will you venture to say that you have seen them there three times in your life?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I saw them one day when I went there in the morning, afternoon, and evening, all in one day—that is a tag while before they were found out starving their children, before they turned and went to preaching—I am not a Roman Catholic, I am an English girl—at one time they were fond of going to public houses, and then they wart to preaching—one Sunday she saw me with a skipping rope, and she said I was going to hell as fast as I could, and I told her to mind her own business.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long is it since they gave up going to public houses and began to go to church?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About four or five months—it is not a church, it is a chapel in Club Row—I have seen them twice at Pritchard's since they have been attending their chapel.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-139" type="surname" value="CORNER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-139" type="given" value="JOHN CHARLES"/>JOHN CHARLES CORNER</persName> </hi>. I am a boot and shoemaker, of 30, City Road—the male prisoner has been in my employ from 30th April until he was taken into custody—I have paid him on an average 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per week—he did piece work at home—he might have had more work at same time—about 28th June I had more work for him—the work he did for me did not occupy the whole of his time—from 23rd June he was told he could have regular employment, and he could then have earned from 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 24
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you your book here?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, but I have in I abstract—in the week ending April 30th, he earned only 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., but he only commenced on Wednesday that week—I only occasionally employed him from April to June—all the work I could give him he took, but he took his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210021"/>
<p>own time over it—his average earnings were about 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—he was not a first class workman, moderate, a very passable one; a man who could get employment in a general way, not rough work—if he had liked to work be might have earned 24
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—if a man has work out it is not the custom to give him more until he brings that in—if he had done his work more quickly I should have found him more to do.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What quantity of work do you give out at a time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> one pair, generally—that would take him eight hours—he would get 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for that—that would be a moderate day's work.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called the following Witness for the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-140" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-140" type="surname" value="HYLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-140" type="given" value="ALICA"/>ALICA HYLAND</persName> </hi>. I have been a schoolmistress—I live at 8, Queen Street, Hoxton—I have known the female prisoner from a child—since she has been grown up I have been acquainted with her nine or twelve months—I have been at her house seven or eight times, or perhaps oftener—I am married, and live with my husband—on 7th July there was an excursion belonging to the Mission, by Mr. Knowles—Mrs. Brooks called at my house that morning—I believe she came from the train—she had lost the train—she seemed very anxious about her children, and asked me to go down and see to them—I went to their room twice that day, and saw the five children—I went to the cupboard and saw some bread, a piece of butter, and some sweetmeats on the mantelpiece, and there was some milk in a jug—I gave them the milk and bread and butter—I went again towards the evening—Mr. Brooks gave me the key of the front door, and I let myself in and went up stairs—the key of the room was in the door, it was turned, and I let myself in—the room seemed in a very poor state, wretchedly furnished, but the two little girls seemed clean—I had visited the prisoner in Cooper Street, before she moved to Charlotte Street—I always saw her kind to the children, and Mr. Brooks seemed always hard at work—he told me he had to work very hard—in the winter he was very short of work—my husband is a boot maker, and I know they have to work very hard to earn 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a day at peg work; it is very hard work, and very unhealthy—to earn 24
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, as Mr. Corner had said, a man must sit up all night to earn anything like it—I never saw them the worse for liquor, in fact I asked Mrs. Brooks to take a glass of porter one day when she came to see me, and she refused—as far as I could judge they did the beat they could for their children—when I went to the room on this day I can solemnly declare there was no soil on the bed—the little girl, Emily, was very thin—they had been ill for a long time, and the boy appeared to be in a consumption—in the winter they were ill for a long time, and I understood they had the small
<lb/>pox—I think they were very unhealthy, weak children—it was not a large room; there was a bed in it, and it was very tidy for poor people—I always remarked that her room was clean, and she was very tidy in her person.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When was it you saw them in Cooper Street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I can't tell, it was iu the winter—I called on her two or three times in Charlotte Street before 7th July—the last time might have been three weeks before—I don't know what the child was ill with then: it was not ill, that I am aware of—it was between 8 and 9 o'clock in the morning on 7th July, that she came to me—I went round first between 12 and 2 o'clock—I saw Mrs. Overton in the passage, and spoke with her—when I went up the second time I saw a girl in the room—I was not aware it was Alice Skeltham—that was between 4 and 5 o'clock—I did not take any food with me on either occasion—I distributed what I found on the first occasion—I don't</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210022"/>
<p>think I gave them all, I think I left a little—when I came again it was all gone—the children were not in a filthy state—I saw no filth whatever on the bed—I had never taken care of them before—their place is seven or ten minutes' walk from mine—Mrs. Brooks told me she was going away all day—she seemed most anxious for me to go and see to the children—she did not tell me they were ill—I did not think they were ill—I did not see them after that day, and I have not seen Mrs. Brooks since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What quantity of bread was there in the room?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not weigh it—there was not so much as a half quartern, there might be near upon a pound—the three children that were on the bed had their little chemises on, and the two little girls had very clean dresses on, and their faces were clean—I did not give them anything the second time I went—there was nothing in the room—there were some dry crusts in the cupboard, but I did hot give them those—they did not ask for any food, I naturally went to the cupboard to give them what I could—it seemed a very distressed, poor cupboard, but very tidy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-141" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-141" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES RANDALL</persName> </hi>. I am a fancy cabinet maker, and live at 49, Little Sutton Street, Clerkenwell—on 22nd July, I was out with my wife, and met the prisoners about 9.55—they came into our house, and while they were there my wife was taken with a fit—she was very violent, and the prisoners stayed to help me—it was between 11 and 12 o'clock that my wife was taken ill, and the fit lasted till 4 o'clock in the morning—they stayed all night, and then left.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was that the last you saw of them?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; we took my wife out for a little walk, as Mr. Brooks said it would do her good—we went as far as their street—he said he would go up stairs and see to his children: he came back and said they were all right—we then went into a coffee shop at the corner of Old Street Road; I had a cup of coffee and my wife had a cup of tea—when we came out Mr. Brooks said it was rather too early to get to work, and asked me to go with him to look at a house that was to let, which I did—I stayed with him till 9 or 10 o'clock, and left him at the corner of his street; there was a crowd there at that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who paid for the coffee?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did; I paid for all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-142" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-142" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH PRIOR</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, England's Buildings, Willow Walk, a short distance from the prisoners—on the morning of 22nd July the female pri
<lb/>soner came to my house—she said she was in very great distress, the children were ill with diarrhoea, and asked me to let her have a few half
<lb/>pence that I owed her, to get them some nourishment, as they had nothing to eat—I told her to meet me in the afternoon, which she did, and I gave it her, it was 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and she told me she bought a loaf, some butter, tea, and sugar with it—she said she had got a lot of dirty things, but had no soap to wash them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-143" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-143" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH KNOWLES</persName> </hi>. I am a Missionary, and live at London Fields, Hack
<lb/>ney—I have known the prisoners about 11 months—they are quiet, sober, industrious people—I have frequently visited their house; the last time was about 15th May—at that time their room was remarkably clean—the three younger children were confined to the bed—I believe they did everything for them that it was in their power to do—they were in a great state of des
<lb/>titution, and, humanly speaking, they would have been all dead in the winter but for my assistance—they were then living in Cowper Street—I always found him at work in his room when I went—the wife was sometimes out, when she went for his work—I remember the excursion on 7th July—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210023"/>
<p>paid all the expenses of it—it was to take the poor people out, the prisoners among others: they had not been out of town for seven years—I took them to Highgate for the day—the female prisoner came to me at the station be
<lb/>fore we started and asked me for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., as the children had nothing to eat—I ore it her, and she went away to get them some provisions, and did not come with us; she came after, about 9.45—I know the place of worship they attend—they came about four evenings in the week—I have seen a great deal of them daily—I, and some of the poor people who know them, have subscribed funds for their defence—the three younger children were always delicate and sickly, but they were always kept clean and nice on the bed—the mother told me she was going to get some person to take care of them on the day of the excursion—she only asked me for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—if she had asked me for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I should have given it to her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-144" type="surname" value="WORSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-144" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH WORSTER</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Bath Place, City Road—I visit poor people—I was asked by Mr. Knowles to do so, not only to feed and clothe them, but to tell them of the Saviour that I love—I visited the two prisoners, both in Cowper Street and Charlotte Street—when I first visited them it was in the depth of winter, and the five children were on the bed with only a very thin sheet to cover them, and the father with hardly any clothes—they were in a very poor and wretched condition—they are greatly improved in appearance now to what they were when they were taken into custody—I think they did the best they could for their children—the man was so weak from living so badly in the winter, that I don't think he had the strength to do a day's work, he only had a cup of tea a day, and sometimes bread—they used not to have anything till about 1 o'clock in the day, and that served for break
<lb/>fast, dinner and tea—I have relieved them with a quartern loaf, half hun
<lb/>dred of coals, six-pennyworth of meat, and six-pennyworth of grocery—I have not relieved them since he worked for Mr. Corner, as our funds are so limited—in the winter they were starving, and if it had not been for the re
<lb/>lief they had then, they would have gone the way of all flesh long before this—I asked why they did not go to the parish, and he said, "If I was to go there, they would give me a ticket for the stone-yard, and if a job of work came in while I was there, I could not do it; and if we went, we should be separated"—I have seen hundreds of cases quite as bad—I have had a good deal of experience in visiting—I last visited them on 14th July—the children were all sick and in bed at that time—the two eldest were ill with measles, and the three youngest had diarrhoea, but I found the room very nice and clean, and two bits of white calico on the bed to cover them: it was very hot weather then: they had little chemises on, and they looked nice and clean; the man was at work—I did not visit them at regular periods, but at all times—they used to come to our meetings about 8 o'clock of an evening, and leave about 10—I have visited them as late as 10.30 and 11 o'clock, and always found them at home.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How recently before 7th July had you seen them?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I used to visit them about once a week. I think I saw them about a week or ten days before the excursion; the three youngest children were then ill with diarrhoea—they were always ill. I have seen medicine bottles there; they used to go to the hospital in Great Ormond Street; a lady in the country sent them a letter for the little boy to go into the hospital, but they refused to take him, as the case was incurable.</p>
<rs id="t18680921-796-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18680921-796-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on the ground of their extreme poverty</hi>.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-796-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-796-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-796-18680921 t18680921-796-punishment-32"/>Three Months' Imprisonment each</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-797">
<interp inst="t18680921-797" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-797" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-797-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-797-18680921 t18680921-797-offence-1 t18680921-797-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210024"/>
<persName id="def1-797-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-797-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-797-18680921" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-797-18680921" type="surname" value="OLLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-797-18680921" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA OLLEY</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-797-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-797-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-797-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-797-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-797-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-797-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, September</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-987">
<interp inst="t18680921-987" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-987" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-987-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-987-18680921 t18680921-987-offence-1 t18680921-987-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-987-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-987-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-987-18680921" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-987-18680921" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-987-18680921" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MORGAN</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-987-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-987-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-987-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-987-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-987-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-987-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to embezzling and stealing 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the monies of
<persName id="t18680921-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-147" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-987-offence-1 t18680921-name-147"/>Charles Samuel Millington </persName>and another—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-987-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-987-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-987-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-987-18680921 t18680921-987-punishment-33"/>Five Years Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-799">
<interp inst="t18680921-799" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-799" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-799-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-799-18680921 t18680921-799-offence-1 t18680921-799-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-799-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-799-18680921 t18680921-799-offence-1 t18680921-799-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-799-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-799-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-799-18680921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-799-18680921" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-799-18680921" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL TAYLOR</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-799-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-799-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-799-18680921" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-799-18680921" type="surname" value="RICH"/>
<interp inst="def2-799-18680921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY RICH</hi> </persName> (24), to stealing 14 turkeys, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-150" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>John Bacon</persName>, end 4 sheep, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-151" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>William Booker</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-799-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-799-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-799-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-799-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-799-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-799-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-799-18680921 t18680921-799-punishment-34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-799-18680921 t18680921-799-punishment-34"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Months' Imprisonment each</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-800">
<interp inst="t18680921-800" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-800" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-800-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-800-18680921 t18680921-800-offence-1 t18680921-800-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-800-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-800-18680921 t18680921-800-offence-1 t18680921-800-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-800-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-800-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-800-18680921" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-800-18680921" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-800-18680921" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC GIBSON</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-800-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-800-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-800-18680921" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-800-18680921" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-800-18680921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ALLEN</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-800-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-800-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-800-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a handkerchief, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-154" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-154" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-800-offence-1 t18680921-name-154"/>Lewis Benjamin</persName>, from his person, and also to having been before convicted**—.</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-800-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-800-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-800-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-800-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-800-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-800-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-800-18680921 t18680921-800-punishment-35"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-800-18680921 t18680921-800-punishment-35"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude each</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-801">
<interp inst="t18680921-801" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-801" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-801-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-801-18680921 t18680921-801-offence-1 t18680921-801-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-801-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-801-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-801-18680921" type="surname" value="WINSLOW"/>
<interp inst="def1-801-18680921" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN WINSLOW</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18680921-801-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-801-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-801-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18680921-name-156" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-156" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-801-offence-1 t18680921-name-156"/>William Motyer</persName>, her husband being alive—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-801-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-801-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-801-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-801-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-801-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-801-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-801-18680921 t18680921-801-punishment-36"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into recognizances to receive Judgment when called upon</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-802">
<interp inst="t18680921-802" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-802" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-802-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-802-18680921 t18680921-802-offence-1 t18680921-802-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-802-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-802-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-802-18680921" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-802-18680921" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-802-18680921" type="given" value="ANDREW FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW FRANCIS BRYANT</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-802-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-802-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-802-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18680921-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-158" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-802-offence-1 t18680921-name-158"/>John Jackson Hibbs</persName>, from his person, having been before convicted on 8th May, 1865—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-802-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-802-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-802-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-802-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-802-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-802-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-802-18680921 t18680921-802-punishment-37"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-803">
<interp inst="t18680921-803" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-803" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-803-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-803-18680921 t18680921-803-offence-1 t18680921-803-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-803-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-803-18680921 t18680921-803-offence-2 t18680921-803-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-803-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-803-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-803-18680921" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-803-18680921" type="surname" value="WALLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-803-18680921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WALLS</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-803-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-803-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-803-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing two bills of exchange for the payment of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-160" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-803-offence-1 t18680921-name-160"/>Alexander Found </persName>and another,</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-803-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-803-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-803-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>and feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-803-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-803-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-803-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-803-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-803-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-803-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-803-18680921 t18680921-803-punishment-38"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-804">
<interp inst="t18680921-804" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-804" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-804-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-804-18680921 t18680921-804-offence-1 t18680921-804-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-804-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-804-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-804-18680921" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-804-18680921" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-804-18680921" type="given" value="SIDNEY JAMES REES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIDNEY JAMES REES TURNER</hi> (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-804-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-804-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-804-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 175
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud,</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-804-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-804-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-804-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>and also stealing two pieces of paper of
<persName id="t18680921-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-162" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-804-offence-2 t18680921-name-162"/>Thomas Lang ridge</persName>, his master—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-804-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-804-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-804-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-804-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-804-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-804-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-804-18680921 t18680921-804-punishment-39"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</hi>.</rs> And </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-805">
<interp inst="t18680921-805" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-805" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-805-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-805-18680921 t18680921-805-offence-1 t18680921-805-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-805-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-805-18680921" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-805-18680921" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-805-18680921" type="surname" value="WELSFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-805-18680921" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA
<lb/>BETH WELSFORD</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-805-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-805-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-805-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to five indictments for obtaining various goods by means of false pretences—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-805-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-805-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-805-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-805-punishment-40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-805-punishment-40" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-805-punishment-40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-805-18680921 t18680921-805-punishment-40"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-806">
<interp inst="t18680921-806" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-806" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-806-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-806-18680921 t18680921-806-offence-1 t18680921-806-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-806-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-806-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-806-18680921" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-806-18680921" type="surname" value="BURLISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-806-18680921" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BURLISON</hi> (37)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-806-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-806-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-806-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing two port
<lb/>packets, the property of
<persName id="t18680921-name-165" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-165" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-806-offence-1 t18680921-name-165"/>her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-166" type="surname" value="RISEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-166" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RISEN</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Mr. Igglesden, at Snargate Street, Dover, and on the 3rd September I made up a small box, and put into it a pair of stone ear-drops and a locket—I sealed it up, and addressed it to "Miss E. Rosenbrock, 7, Eaton Place, London, W."—I put three stamps on it, and sent it to the Post Office, about 1.30 in the day, the post-time is 3 o'clock—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the packet I made up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-167" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-167" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY PRATT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Post Office at Dover—this packet bears the Dover post-mark of the afternoon of 3rd September—that would be forwarded in the regular course of business about 3.30, in the mail-bag for London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-168" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-168" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS KELLY</persName> </hi>. I am a sorter in the General Poet Office—on the 3rd September the mail-bag from Dover arrived about 5.50—it was tied up and sealed in the regular way, and I opened it in order that the contents might be sorted and stumped—a messenger takes them to the stamper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You do not see the prisoner at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—letters and packets all come in the same bag together.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-169" type="surname" value="RUMBOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-169" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RUMBOLD</persName> </hi>. I am a police constable attached to the Post Office, and have been for seven years—I have been in the Metropolitan force twenty years—in consequence of directions Smee and myself watched the inland department—on the evening of the 3rd September, about 6.20, I placed myself in such a position as to command a view of the stamping—tables—I saw the prisoner standing at one of the tables—I saw a small picket in front of him oh the table, which he took in his left hand—he then turned his head round, and as he turned it back he put his left hand into the left side of the skirt of his coat—he turned his head to the right, as if looking round the office. I saw no more of the packet after he put his hand in—I am sure he did not put it back on the table—I saw his hand come from under his coat, without the packet—shortly after that Smee came up—I then saw the prisoner come across from his own table to another one opposite—he then had a slip of paper in his left hand—while he was at the second table he took up two or three packets in his hand, one by one, at if he was weighing them, which he put down again—he then took up another, and put it in his left hand, under the slip of paper, and turned to the stamping-table where he was at first—he carried the packet till he got to the table—he stood there a few seconds talking to someone—he then put his right hand up towards the paper, which was in his left hand, and with the left hand put the packet in the left-hand side of the skirt of his coat—Smee then went round into the office, and took him into a private room—I went into the superintendent's private room about five minutes after, and saw on the table two packets—this was one of the packets, addreesed to Miss Rosenbrock—these two packets resemble the ones I saw him take—at the time he went to the second stamping-table there was no one there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I suppose during the time you have been in the Post
<lb/>Office, you have had a number of cases?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I was where I could see the prisoner—there was a wall between us—the prisoner was about ten yards from me—I know John Martin, one of the overseers—he was on duty that evening—there were fourteen or fifteen persons in the room at the time I was watching the prisoner—some were stamping and others collecting—no one was at the table with the prisoner—there were persons two or three yards off—I did not know what the slip of paper was he had in his hand—I was there about half an hour—Smee came in when I had seen him take the first packet—Smee searched him, and took charge of the things—I was present when he was charged before the inspector—we stopped at a public
<lb/>house on the way to the station—I asked the prisoner if he would like some
<lb/>thing to drink—we are not in the habit of doing that—we do not like to be unkind to them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-170" type="surname" value="SMEE"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-170" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMEE</persName> </hi>. I am a police-constable attached to the General Post
<lb/>Office, and have been so for about fourteen years—on the evening of the 3rd September I joined Rumbold, and he made a communication to me—I could see the stamping tables from where we were—I saw the prisoner there stamping letters on the right side of the office—after he had finished stamp
<lb/>ing the letters he had before him, he walked across to the tables in the centre of the office, where the packets were lying—he had a small piece of paper in his hand—he took a pen from behind his ear, as if he was going to write something—he took up two packets, and put them down again, and then took up a third, which is the one produced—he felt it as if he were feeling the weight of it—he then placed it in his left hand, under the piece of paper he had in that hand, and walked back to his own stamping table—he spoke to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210026"/>
<p>someone for a few seconds, and then took the paper from his left hand into the right, and dropped it down between the coat and the lining, and when he took his hand out there was no packet in it—I went up to him and told him I wished to speak to him in a private room—I then took him into Mr. Pawley's, the superintendent's office—I said, "I have reason to believe that this man has got something in his pocket which does not belong to him"—the prisoner said, "No, I have not, that I know of; if I have, it must have fallen there when I was collecting packets"—Mr. Pawley said, "You are not collecting any packets, your duty is a stamper"—the prisoner then said something I could not hear—I said, "Well, then, will you allow me to search you"—I searched him in Mr. Pawley's presence, and in the lining of the coat, between the lining and the cloth, I found these two packets (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—this is the coat—the pockets are outside—the lining is torn on both sides—I said, "How do you account for these being in your possession?"—he replied, "I don't know, unless they must have fallen in when I was col
<lb/>lecting packets"—Mr. Pawley said, "Why, you had no business to collect any pockets, your duty is as a stamper, the packets would not pass through your hands, in any way, in the office"—he was then taken into custody—I afterwards saw the packets opened, one contained a pair of stone ear-drops, and the other a needle-case—there was nothing else in the lining but the two packets—the prisoner could not see us from where we were.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> The coat was not buttoned, was it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I went to the prisoner's house; I found no letters there—I went with the prisoner to the station—I gave him a drop of beer, and had some myself—there were some larger packets on the table, and some smaller.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-171" type="surname" value="PAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-171" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PAWLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a superintendent in the General Post Office, the prisoner was brought into my office by the constable, who said, "He sus
<lb/>pected he had got something in his pockets that did not belong to him"—the prisoner said, "If I have, they must have fallen in"—Smee searched him, and took the two packets from the inside of his coat—I said it was no part of his duty to clear the packets—he said nothing more—it was not his duty to clear the packets at all—his duty was simply stamping—he has a table for the purpose—the table where the Dover packet was, was pointed out to me—that was his table—he had no right to touch it, except to stamp it—I know the other table, he had no business at all to do at that table—when packets are collected they are collected by proper persons, and in trays.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe there is an overseer?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—he goes on duty at the same time as the sorters and stampers—Mr. Martin would have to go into the room in the course of his duty—the prisoner had been eighteen years in the service of the Post Office—he has collected sealed bags from Government offices—he had something to do with the registered room, but not in the evening—his regular duty was to go on at 7.30, and remain till 8.40, for which he received twenty-nine shillings a week; after that time he was entitled to do extra work—he was on extra work on that night—it consists of a variety of set duties—he would go on extra duty at 5 o'clock, and remain till 8 o'clock. His first duty would be stamping—Mr. Martin would not tell him to go and sort packets—there was no ink on the pri
<lb/>soner's table, but there was on the other—I am in the room the whole time—I go on at 3 o'clock, and come away at 8 o'clock—I was in my own room when the prisoner was brought in—I saw Smee take the packets out of his pocket, and he said, "They must have fallen in."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210027"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you superintend that room?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I appoint the duties of persons in that room—I knew there was something wrong, and that some attempt was being made to discover it, and that made me addi
<lb/>tionally careful.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-172" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-172" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am the overseer mentioned. I did not instruct the prisoner to collect packets on the night in question.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How many persons were there on duty?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the office in which I was employed at that time, I should think close on one hundred—I can't say how many there were in that particular room—Mr. Pawley undertakes the superintendence of that room, and an overseer of the name of Cope—I should have no occasion to go into that room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAWLEY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). Mr. Cope is overseer of the newspaper department—he would have no authority concerning these packets—I have the full control over them—the prisoner would have no concern as to the weight of the packets.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi>.
<rs id="t18680921-806-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-806-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-806-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommemded to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-806-punishment-41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-806-punishment-41" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-806-punishment-41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-806-18680921 t18680921-806-punishment-41"/>Five Years, Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-807">
<interp inst="t18680921-807" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-807" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-807-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-807-18680921 t18680921-807-offence-1 t18680921-807-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-807-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-807-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-807-18680921" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-807-18680921" type="surname" value="WETZLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-807-18680921" type="given" value="GERSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GERSON WETZLER</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-807-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-807-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-807-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a bill of exchange for the payment of 44
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-174" type="surname" value="BURWASH"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-174" type="given" value="EDWIN AUGUSTUS"/>EDWIN AUGUSTUS BURWASH</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Burwash and Sons, notaries, of 23, Birohin Lane—on Saturday, 11th July last, the prisoner called at my office and brought with him this bill of exchange and said I was to do what was necessary with it—he gave me a card repre
<lb/>senting himself to be a member of the firm of Pardo & Company, dealers in jewellery and precious stones—I sent one of my clerks to get it accepted, and my clerk brought it back with the answer "Gone away, not known"—I then drew up the protest—on the bill was written "In case of need to be presented at Jameson & Son's"—they are the correspondents of Messrs. Keller & Sons of Stutgardt—the bill was paid by them under protest—two days after the prisoner came for the money—Jameson's had paid with a crossed cheque,—I handed the prisoner the cheque and he demurred at taking it—he said a few days previously he had received a crossed cheque which had been returned to him—I told him it was the custom, and I could not help him—I met him later in the day, in Gracechurch Street, and asked him if he had received the money, and he said he had—when he came on the Saturday he handed me Messrs. Pardo's card, and I handed him one of ours in return—I never knew him before—on the 2nd August I was fetched to the Bank of England and saw him there—I identified him as the person who brought me the bill—Foulger showed me the bill and asked me if the prisoner was the man who brought me the bill to do what was necessary with it—I said he was—the prisoner then said I had never seen him, and he had never seen me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you asked that at the Police Court?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe not—I told the prisoner to go to Jameson's if he did not like the crossed cheque, and get another for it—a great many bills pass through my hands—I did not know the names of the persons on the bill before—a great number of names are familiar to me, but I don't know any of these.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-175" type="surname" value="EDGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-175" type="given" value="PERCY JOSEPH"/>PERCY JOSEPH EDGAR</persName> </hi>. I am clerk in the firm of Jameson & Company,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210028"/>
<p>6, Fen Court, Fenchurch Street,—they are the correspondents of Mes✗ J. H. Keller & Sons, of Stutgardt—on Monday, 13th July, a pen, whom I believe to be the prisoner, brought me a crossed cheque with a ✗ of Burwash's—it was for 44
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., payable to Messrs Pardo & Co.—he said it was not usual to give crossed cheques for bills—I took the cheque in✗ Mr. Cable, and he gave the prisoner an open cheque instead of the ✗ one—the open cheque has been paid through our bankers—I don't know what has become of the card he gave me—it was one similar to this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-176" type="surname" value="PARDO"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-176" type="given" value="NOAH"/>NOAH PARDO</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer in diamonds, trading as Pardo & Co, in Stewart Street, Bishopsgate Street—this is one of my cards—I gave the pri
<lb/>soner a card of this description some time before the 11th July—I did not know his name—the signature "Pardo & Co." on this bill is not my hand
<lb/>writing, nor was it signed by my authority—I know nothing about it—I do not know the Brothers Lavenstein, of Frankfort—the prisoner has nothing, to do with my firm.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You gave him a card?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did—I sold him a diamond-ring once—he knew me as dealing in jewellery—I saw him once or twice in a pawnbroker's—I did not inquire his name—I don't know what he was doing there—I was offering diamonds for sale—he saw me, and looked ever my stock—I have been a diamond merchant fifteen or eighteen months—before that I was travelling for a house in Houndsditch—I never carried on business in Union Court, Old Broad Street, in the name of Depart—I never carried on business in that name—I never had a bill discounted for me—I have no business at Stutgardt, only in England—I do not buy abroad at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-177" type="surname" value="GILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-177" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GILLS</persName> </hi>. I was a commission agent, and formerly clerk to Mr. Henry Rudall, at 150, Leadenhall Street—he left the office about eighteen months ago—I don't know where he is now—I can't say whether the signature on this bill is the signature of Mr. Rudall or not—his signature to bills was always Henry Rudall & Co.—this is Henry Rudall—it is similar to his handwriting, but I can't swear to it—to the best of my belief it is his writing—I last saw him eighteen months ago when he left Leadenhall Street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you chiefly Rudall & Co.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was—Mr. Rudall only came occasionally—he was a commission agent—we got goods from abroad and sold them on commission—sometimes I sent Mr. Rudall money abroad—he had to pay for the goods, and he received money through me chiefly—we only did business on the Rhine—when we left Leadenhall Street, we left no address—the last quarter's rent was not paid when we went away—I once prosecuted a man for forging a bill, but he was acquitted—there was a man named Simpson in that matter—I knew some persons in the name of Parker & Co.—I believe they accepted bills for a half-crown—it was a bill drawn by Lesco on Rudall, and Parker had something to do with it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When did you last see Mr. Rudall?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Eighteen months ago—I know nothing of this bill myself—I never went back to Leadenhall Street again after we left.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-178" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-178" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILL</persName> </hi>. I was housekeeper at 150, Leadenhall Street—I knew a Mr. Snorenburg there—the only person I knew as Mr. Rudall was the last witness, and he was clerk to a Mr. Snorenburg—that name was up in the first instance, then "Rudall," and then "Henry" only—they left about eighteen months ago, and no one connected with them has been there since.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210029"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-179" type="surname" value="KAPFF"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-179" type="given" value="PAUL"/>PAUL KAPFF</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the firm of Meters. J. H. Keller & Co., of Stutgardt—our correspondents in London are Messrs. Jameson & Co.—this bill is not in my handwriting, or any member of my firm—we are cor
<lb/>respondents of Mr. Laux, of Ulm, whose name is on the bill, but if it had passed through'our office it would have been stamped—Jameson & Co. some
<lb/>times my bills on behalf of persons who are abroad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-180" type="surname" value="EIFLANDER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EIFLANDER</persName> </hi>. I live at 36, Bloomfield Street, and am a jeweller—I have known the prisoner some years, and know his handwriting—I believe these two endorsements on this bill to he in his handwriting—"From me, to the order of J. H. Keller & Sons, Stutgardt, 21st April, 1868, for Lewis Boder, Charles Boder"—I believe those two signatures to be in his writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you been in Bloomfield Street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Three months—I came from Germany—it is about four years ago since I saw him write—that was in his own office, in Fenchurch Street—I never knew him as a bill discounter—I sent him jewellery over from Germany—I have seen him accept bills—he has done so for me in his own office—I read the case in the paper, and told Mr. Foulger I should like to look at the bills, because I have some bills in my possession which are not much better than this—I showed Foulger the bills I had—it was six or eight weeks ago that I told him—I knew the prisoner was remanded a great many times—I told Foulger what I knew, but they did not call me—I was asked two or three questions last Saturday—I was at the Police Court two or three times while this was going on—I think I was there as many as six times, but I was not called as a witness—I have had no quarrel with the prisoner—he owes me some money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you had letters from the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> yes—twice a week, nearly—I have some bills, but they have not been paid—I cannot find the drawer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-181" type="surname" value="FOULGER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-181" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FOULGER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I saw the prisoner on the 3rd August, about 11 in the morning—I had some bills with me—I was with Spittle, another officer—Spittle told him we were police officers, and produced two bilk of exchange, and told him he was charged with forging, and uttering them—he said he knew nothing about them—I then produced these two bills, and told him he would be charged with forging, and uttering them—he took them partially in his hand, and said he had not seen them before—I said "One is alleged you took to Mr. Grain, a notary, and the other one to a Mr. Burwash," and he said he did not know the gentlemen—this was at Peckham—we brought him to the City, and I sent Spittle for Mr. Burwash—I took Mr. Burwash up to him, and said, "Is this the person that presented the bill to you?" and he said, "It is"—the prisoner said he did not know Mr. Burwash, and had never seen him before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you say anything about this conversation before the Magistrate.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe I did. I was only examined twice—my depositions were read over to me. I found the prisoner close to his own house—I found some bills on him—I have inquired into them, and found that the prisoner had discounted several of them—I presented one of them and found it was a
<hi rend="italic">bond fide</hi> bill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PAUL KAPPF</hi>. Is the signature like yours?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is a good imitation of Mr. Keller's signature.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character</hi>.—
<rs id="t18680921-807-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-807-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-807-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of uttering</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18680921-807-punishment-42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-807-punishment-42" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-807-punishment-42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-807-18680921 t18680921-807-punishment-42"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited</hi>.</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680921-808">
<interp inst="t18680921-808" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680921"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-808" type="date" value="18680921"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680921-808-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-808-18680921 t18680921-808-offence-1 t18680921-808-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186809210030"/>
<persName id="def1-808-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-808-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-808-18680921" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-808-18680921" type="surname" value="COPESTARE"/>
<interp inst="def1-808-18680921" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY COPESTARE</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-808-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-808-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-808-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18680921-name-183" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-183" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-183" type="given" value="THOMAS WALTER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-808-offence-1 t18680921-name-183"/>Thomas Walter Morris</persName>, and stealing a chain and a key, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOUGLAS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-184" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-184" type="given" value="THOMAS WALTER"/>THOMAS WALTER MORRIS</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, St. Mary's Square, Paddington—on 21st August, between 8 and 9, I went into the Queen and Prince Albert public-house, at Knightsbridge—the prisoner came in, and I had some con
<lb/>venation with him, and drank beer with him—I left about 8.30, and the prisoner left at the same time—I told him I was going across the Park, and he said he was going that way too, and we entered into conversation—soon after we got into the Park, he put his hand on my throat, and threw me backwards—he then took my chain—he struck me on the head, and I was insensible for some time—when I came to myself, I missed my chain, coat, and hat—I gave information to the first policeman I saw in the Park, and went with him to the station—I saw the prisoner about 11.30 the same evening at the station, and identified him—I have not the slightest doubt about him now—this is the chain I lost; I can swear to it—I have not seen my coat since—the prisoner said he was stationed at the Chelsea Barracks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. Did you ask me to drink your beer?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. Yes; you got into conversation with me—I did not ask you to go up stairs into the room above—I did not stop anywhere when I got into the Park, and I did not give you a two-shilling piece—you just looked round, and I happened to turn at the same time—you put your hand to my throat, and threw me down—you knelt on me, and used great violence—I did not run away and leave my coat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-185" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-185" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE YOUNG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman A</hi> 20). I received information from the last witness on 21st August, in consequence of which I searched for someone—about 11 o'clock, I saw the prisoner between Albert Gate and Apsley Gate—he was standing under a lamp-post, examining something, but I could not see what it was—I watched him—he went and spoke to someone who was sitting on a seat—I went and spoke to them, and in consequence of what they told me I followed the prisoner to Apeley Gate—I asked him the time; he said he did not know—I said, "You have a chain, have not you got a watch?"—he said, "No"—he then said, "You know what sort of chaps we are; if you like it, I'll sell you this chain for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—I said, "No," and seized hold of it, and took it away from him—he said, "If I had any of my mates here, you would not take hold of it like that"—I then charged him with stealing the chain—he said, "It is my chain, I have had it about a fort
<lb/>night; my sister gave it to me"—I took him to the station, and sent for the prosecutor—he came about 12, and immediately identified the prisoner—he made no answer—the charge was taken, and he made no answer to it—the prosecutor first came to the station about 10—he was perfectly sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>:—"I never saw the man."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-808-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-808-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-808-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">William Holmes, Sergeant in the Grenadier Guards, said the Prisoner bore a bad character in the regiment</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680921-808-punishment-43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-808-punishment-43" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-808-punishment-43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-808-18680921 t18680921-808-punishment-43"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Thursday, September</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Keating</hi>.</p>
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<persName id="def1-809-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-809-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-809-18680921" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-809-18680921" type="surname" value="DALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-809-18680921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES DALE</hi> (62)</persName>,
<rs id="t18680921-809-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-809-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-809-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-809-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
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<interp inst="t18680921-809-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to a common assault upon
<persName id="t18680921-name-187" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-187" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-809-offence-1 t18680921-name-187"/>John Scott</persName></rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor</hi>
<rs id="t18680921-809-punishment-44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-809-punishment-44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-809-punishment-44" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-809-18680921 t18680921-809-punishment-44"/>
<hi rend="italic">Fourteen Days' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">There was an indictment against the prisoner for feloniously attempting to discharge a loaded gun at the said John Scott, upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="def1-810-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-810-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-810-18680921" type="surname" value="COBLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-810-18680921" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD COBLEY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680921-810-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-810-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-810-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> for a rape upon
<persName id="t18680921-name-189" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-189" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-189" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-189" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-810-offence-1 t18680921-name-189"/>Emma Harris</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-190" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-190" type="given" value="MONTAGU"/>MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution; and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT SLEIGH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680921-810-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-810-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-810-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18680921-811" type="date" value="18680921"/>
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<persName id="def1-811-18680921" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-811-18680921" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18680921" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18680921" type="surname" value="READMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-811-18680921" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES READMAN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18680921-811-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680921-811-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-811-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>, Feloniously attempting to kill and murder
<persName id="t18680921-name-192" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-192" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-192" type="surname" value="READMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-192" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680921-811-offence-1 t18680921-name-192"/>Elizabeth Readman</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-193" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-193" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-193" type="surname" value="READMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-193" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH READMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's wife—I lived with him up to the time he was taken into custody, at 21, Bell Street, Marylebone—on the evening of 7th September, I went out with a female friend of his and mine—I returned home a few minutes before 10; my husband was not at home then—I waited up for him till after 1 o'clock, when, thinking he would not come home, I undressed and went to bed—about 2.30 he came home—he said to my little boy, "Is your mother here?"—he said, "Yes, father"—he then lighted a match, and began kicking me—I was in bed—I rose to get up, and as fast as I got up, he knocked me down, over boxes, and chairs, and different things, a great many times—at last, I sat down on a box, when he struck me down—he then went to the fireplace, and got the poker—I knew if he did that I should be seriously hurt, and I ran under the table, and kept bearing him not to do so—he broke the table to pieces over my head, and then went to the mantelpiece, where there was a set of paper trays, and knocked them to pieces on the floor, and took them up with his hand as well, and beat them up—I rushed to the door, to try to get out, and he rushed after me, and met me as I had my hand on the door, and brought me back, and immediately rose the window and put me outside—I screamed "Murder!" and held fast by his collar with both hands with all my might—I have no idea what the distance is from the window to the ground—we live on the first floor—when I screamed "Murder!" the witness Oliver came in from the front room—my husband has ill-treated me very much before this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. When I came in did not I ask you to get up and get me a light, and get me some supper?
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. No, you struck a match, and began kicking me—that did not hurt me—you kicked me three or four times, and kept striking me—you never knew me to go public-houses and spend your money—you know you have ruined my business and brought me to poverty—I had been out with Mrs. Davis, an old friend, to a gentle
<lb/>man's house at Lower Norwood—I did not say to you, "James, if you do not leave off breaking the things, I will throw myself out of the window"—you have cruelly ill-used me—six weeks before this I had a warrant against you, but I forgave you—I did not get out of the window myself, nor did you pull me in—you called me dreadful names, and while you held me out of the window, you said, "Now will you spend my money, and keep my child in the street till 10 and 11 o'clock"—of course I held you as hard as I could—it wag impossible for me to say whether I should fall or not if I let go of you—it is a large window, as wide as that in the Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How did he put you out?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He took me up in his arms like a child, and put me out; but I don't wish to punish him, I want a divorce to get away from him, he is so very cruel—I shall never get any</p>
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<p>peace, I am really in danger with him—I don't think he is right in his head, he is half crazy at times—I think the window was partly open, but I know he rose it up to the full extent, and took me up and put me outside—I don't know that my head and shoulders were outside when he caught hold of me by the hips—I don't recollect when I was on the ledge his saying "Now will you spend my money"—I was so frightened I don't know what I did—I screamed "Murder!" a great many times—a person over my head was looking down at us, and I said to him, "There is a woman looking down at you"—I was attended by Dr. Kirby.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680921-name-194" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680921-name-194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-194" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="t18680921-name-194" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED OLIVER</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and lodge in the next room to the prisoner and his wife—their window is from twenty to twenty-five feet from the ground—on the morning of the 8th September, I heard the prisoner come home, about 2.15; he works up to 1 o'clock—I think he had been drinking a little—I heard him go into his own room, and heard him use dreadful language—he began knocking his wife about; she screamed—the landlady came up, and said she would send for a policeman—I had to go into his room to try and pacify him—he was then punching his wife with his fists by the fire-place—I asked him to be quiet at this time in the morning—he said, "If I did not go out of his room he would break my b——head—I thought it was time to go then, and I went back to bed—after that I heard the door locked, and then I heard the window open, and heard screams of "Murder!" from a female voice—I got up and put on my trousers, and went and burst open their room door—the prisoner said he would stab the first b——man that entered his room—when I entered the room I saw the prisoner having his wife in a sitting position on the window sill, with only her legs in the room—he was trying to push her out with all his might—there was no light in the room—I could see he was shoving her away from him as well as he could; and she had hold of the collar of his coat—he was trying with all his force to push her out—there was no curtain to the window, and I could see as I came into the room, and went towards him—directly he saw me he left his wife and made towards me, and I struck him a severe blow in the face—he struck at me, and we struck one another five or six different times—he overpowered me, and would have strangled me if assistance had not come—he had me by the throat on the floor—my foot got hurt very badly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Pr