<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="t18680127">
<interp inst="t18680127" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270001"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="18680127"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18680127">
<interp inst="f18680127" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="f18680127" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>ALLEN, MAYOR.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 27th,1868, and following days,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<persName id="t18680127-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-1" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-1" type="given" value="WILILAM FERNELEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-1" type="occupation" value="Lord Mayor of London"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FERNELEY ALLEN</hi> </persName>,
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Sir
<persName id="t18680127-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-2" type="surname" value="WILLES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-2" type="given" value="JAMES SHAW"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES SHAW WILLES</hi> </persName>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<persName id="t18680127-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-3" type="surname" value="SHEE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-3" type="given" value="WILIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM SHEE</hi> </persName>, Knt., and Sir
<persName id="t18680127-name-4" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-4" type="surname" value="MELLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN MELLOR</hi> </persName>, Knt., two of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Queen's Bench;
<persName id="t18680127-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-5" type="surname" value="COPELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-5" type="given" value="WILLIAM TAYLOR"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM TAYLOR COPELAND</hi> </persName>, Esq., Sir
<persName id="t18680127-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-6" type="surname" value="CARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-6" type="given" value="ROBERT WALTER"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi> </persName>, Knt.,
<persName id="t18680127-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-7" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN CARTER</hi> </persName>, Esq., F.A.S. and F.R.A.S., Sir
<persName id="t18680127-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-8" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-8" type="given" value="WILLIAM ANDERSON"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM ANDERSON ROSE</hi> </persName>, Knt., Sir
<persName id="t18680127-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-9" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-9" type="given" value="BENJAMIN SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BENJAMIN SAMUEL PHILLIPS</hi> </persName>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City; the Right Hon.
<persName id="t18680127-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-10" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-10" type="given" value="RUSSELL"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSELL GURNEY</hi> </persName>, Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="t18680127-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-11" type="surname" value="GIBBONS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-11" type="given" value="SILLS JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SILLS JOHN GIBBONS</hi> </persName>, Esq.,
<persName id="t18680127-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-12" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-12" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANDREW LUSK</hi> </persName>, Esq., M.P., and
<persName id="t18680127-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-13" type="surname" value="CAUSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-13" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOSEPH CAUSTON</hi> </persName>, Esq., other of the Aldermen of the said City; and
<persName id="t18680127-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-14" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-14" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS CHAMBERS</hi> </persName>, Esq., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<persName id="t18680127-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-15" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-15" type="given" value="DAVID HENRY"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DAVID HENRY STONE</hi> </persName>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<persName id="t18680127-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-16" type="surname" value="MCARTHUR"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-16" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM MCARTHUR</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-17" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-17" type="given" value="SEPTIMUS"/>SEPTIMUS DAVIDSON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<persName id="t18680127-name-18" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-18" type="surname" value="ROCHE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-18" type="given" value="CHARLES MILLS"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES MILLS ROCHE</hi> </persName>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALLEN, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star(*) denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two start (**) that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi>(†)
<hi rend="italic">thas they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>,</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-148">
<interp inst="t18680127-148" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-148" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-148-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-148-18680127 t18680127-148-offence-1 t18680127-148-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-148-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-148-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-148-18680127" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-148-18680127" type="surname" value="EARDLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-148-18680127" type="given" value=" EARDLEY GIDEON CULLING"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIR EARDLEY GIDEON CULLING EARDLEY</hi> </persName>, Bart (29), was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-148-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-148-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-148-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> for feloniously marrying one
<persName id="t18680127-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-20" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-20" type="given" value="MARY ELIZABETH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-148-offence-1 t18680127-name-20"/>Mary Elizabeth Allen</persName>, his wife
<persName id="t18680127-name-21">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-21" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-21" type="surname" value="EARDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-21" type="given" value="EMILY FLORENCE"/>Emily Florence</persName> being then alive.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. H. S. GIFFARD</hi>, Q.C., with
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BENJAMIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-22" type="surname" value="MAGEE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-22" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MAGEE</persName> </hi>. I reside at 4, Lancaster Street, Hyde Park—in 1859 I was residing partly in England, and partly in New York and New Orleans—in 1859, when I was in New York, my daughter, Emily Florence Magee, was living with me—I first became acquainted with the prisoner, I think, in December 1859—he paid his addresses to my daughter—I can't say when they were engaged, I was in England at the time—I remember the 12th December very well; my daughter was married on that day at Calvary Church, New York, by the Rev. Dr. Hawks; the marriage was performed in the ordinary manner—I heard my daughter and the prisoner agree to take each other as husband and wife—I afterwards saw them sign the register—Dr. Hawks handed me the certificate of the marriage, and said it would be good in England as well as anywhere else—I saw my daughter and the prisoner sign that; this is the certificate (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I saw it signed by the clergyman, not by the prisoner and my daughter, I saw them sign the register—after that the prisoner and my daughter lived together as man and wife—my daughter is still alive.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When did the prisoner first meet your daughter?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot say, I was in England—I was absent in England four or five months—when I started for England I knew nothing of any engagement,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270004"/>
<p>and knew nothing of Mr. Eardley—I started for England about June or July, and returned to America in October—I heard of the engagement from my daughter the day I left Liverpool for New York—I think that was the 25th September—I was requested to keep the matter secret, be
<lb/>cause Mr. Eardley was not in America, and therefore I was requested not to talk about it, and it was kept secret for some time—I am quite sure it was the register I saw signed, there were several persons present in the room—I did not ask the cleryman whether it would be good in England—it was a statement made voluntarily by him without any question being raised—since my daughter has ceased to live with Sir Culling Eardley she has lived at my house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You were asked whether it was intended that the matter should be kept secret; what do you mean by the matter?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My daughter did not wish the engagement spoken of until Sir Culling Eardley returned—the marriage itself was never kept secret after it was cele
<lb/>brated—I dare say there were a hundred persons present—Dr. Hawks was a popular preacher, very well known throughout America—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is in the prisoner's handwriting—I have seen him write. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>:—"10, Sackville Street, W., July 29th, 1865. I hardly know whether you will receive my letter, but, as our friend Dr. Pettigrew has communicated with you, I venture to write—he has told you that I am most anxious to be re-united with you, and I come to ask it of you. Florence, I have wronged you terribly; I have wronged you in your self-respect, and have been a selfish, bad husband to you till now; and yet I so believe in your nature that I crave and beg you to take me back. I have sinned grievously, and have no excuse. Will you forgive me? I cannot write you a composed letter; I just pour out my own feelings. My own wife, if you only knew what bitter remorse I have gone through since we parted at the London Bridge, you would at any rate pity me. Oh! by the memory of old days at Gilead Lodge, St. Leonard's, and Liver
<lb/>pool, let me be as I was. Reproach me if you will, mistrust me, you are in your right, but take me back. As a child I come to you; lead me. My wife, I love you, indeed I love you. I long, oh! so fully, to be worthy of you. I shall work hard to increase what is left of my ill-spent fortune to make up to you as far as I can. I believe, though my relations would stand aloof from me, that I am young enough, and have enough in me, to earn a good name for you myself, that you may not be ashamed of being my wife. Will you answer me yourself, and not send my note to your lawyers? Don't, I pray, refuse me; think over it, and if you cannot love me enough to receive me again, write to me yourself to say so, but let me see your hand
<lb/>writing again, my own, own wife. Your undeserving husband, Eardley G. C. Eardley.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-23" type="surname" value="MOSELY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-23" type="given" value="CHARLES FREDERICK"/>CHARLES FREDERICK MOSELY</persName> </hi>. I live in St. James's Street—I was in New York in December, 1859, and was present when the prisoner was married to Miss Emily Florence Magee—I knew Miss Magee and her father before the marriage—I was only aware of the engagement very shortly before the marriage—there were a very considerable number of persons present—I saw them married and heard them agree to take each other for man and wife—I can't remember seeing the register signed—I remember nothing further.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-24" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-24" type="given" value="ROBERT DE TRACY"/>ROBERT DE TRACY GOULD</persName> </hi>. I am a member of the American Bar—I have practised for some time in New York—I have heard the evidence given by Mr. Magee with reference to what took place at Calvary Church</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270005"/>
<p>on the 12th December, 1859; it was a perfectly valid marriage according to the law of New York; even if the parties had not signed the register, it would not affect the validity of the marriage at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> The laws of marriage in America differ in the different States, do they not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They do—there is no necessity for the publication of banns in New York, nor for signing the register, nor for witnesses; you can be married anywhere—a couple meeting in the street can go and be married where they like; that is the law of matrimony in New York—it has been long established by custom that the marriage should be performed by a clergyman, of some recognised denomination, or by a Magistrate—as to the actual legal requirements, there is no statute that a marriage should be by a clergyman; a marriage before witnesses is suffi
<lb/>cient—a marriage may be by a clergyman himself, and in the absence of a clergyman before witnesses—a marriage in New York in the Scottish form has been held to be valid, but I don't think that any marriage has taken place or been sustained in that form for some years—the only statute on the subject of persons professing different faiths, provides that a marriage solemnised in the Jewish form by a qualified Jewish priest, or in a form of any other religious denomination by a clergyman of that denomination, shall entitle the parties to register their marriage, if they chose to do so, but there is nothing at all affecting the validity—taking the case of a Pro
<lb/>testant and a Catholic, they can be married in either faith, or by a Magis
<lb/>trate—the marriage need not take place in both faiths.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know Dr. Hawks?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Very well; he is a man of some celebrity, and in 1859 Rector of Calvary Church.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-25" type="surname" value="BANNISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY BANNISTER</persName> </hi>. I reside at the Board-room, Mount Street, Hanover Square, and I am Registrar of Marriages for the parish of St. George's—I produce a register of marriage on the 12th of September, 1867. (
<hi rend="italic">This certified the marriage of Eardley Gideon Culling Eardley and Mary Elizabeth Allen, in the presence of witnesses</hi>.) The prisoner is the man who was married on that day—the parties signed the register in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-26" type="surname" value="STRETTON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-26" type="given" value="JOSEPH HARRIS"/>JOSEPH HARRIS STRETTON</persName> </hi>. I am the attesting witness to this deed (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), I saw it executed by the defendant; it is an indenture made on the 2nd October, 1868, between Sir Eardley Gideon Culling Eardley, Bart., of the first part, and Emily Florence his wife—this other deed (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was also executed by the defendant; it is dated 14th July, 1860—in certain events it settles the sum of 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year on Lady Eardley, one of which is if the prisoner should become a bankrupt—the father of the prisoner was alive in 1860.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is it a fact that the defendant has become a bank
<lb/>rupt since?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MAGEE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I am the prosecutor—I first saw the an
<lb/>nouncement of the second marriage in the
<hi rend="italic">Times</hi> newspaper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-148-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-148-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-148-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-148-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-148-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-148-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-148-18680127 t18680127-148-punishment-1"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-149">
<interp inst="t18680127-149" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-149" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-149-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-149-18680127 t18680127-149-offence-1 t18680127-149-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-149-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-149-18680127 t18680127-149-offence-1 t18680127-149-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-149-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-149-18680127 t18680127-149-offence-1 t18680127-149-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-149-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-149-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18680127" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18680127" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="def1-149-18680127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GRIFFITHS</hi> (23)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-149-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-149-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-149-18680127" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-149-18680127" type="surname" value="DULING"/>
<interp inst="def2-149-18680127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DULING</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-149-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-149-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-149-18680127" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def3-149-18680127" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="def3-149-18680127" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT HEATH</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-149-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-149-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-149-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery with violence on
<persName id="t18680127-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-30" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-30" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-149-offence-1 t18680127-name-30"/>Thomas James</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Duling, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Heath</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-31" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-31" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JAMES</persName> </hi>. I am a retired tradesman, living at 20, Grafton Street, Fitzroy Square—between twelve and one o'clock in the morning of 10th December I was in the Euston Road—I was accosted by four men—Griffiths</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270006"/>
<p>and Duling are two of them—Griffiths and another not in custody spoke to me and asked what the time was—I said, "You will hear the clock strike directly"—they asked me a second time—I said "Gentlemen, you will hear the clock strike"—I had no sooner said that than I was struck down by Griffiths and kicked on the shin—I was robbed of my gold Albert chain, my watch, and 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I can't identify which it was that took my watch—the cartilage of my nose was broken, and I bled very profusely—I got up and cried out, "Police"—a policeman stood at the opposite corner, and as Griffiths was running away he caught him and brought him back to the light, and I recognised him as the man that struck, and he was taken into custody—I did not lose sight of him—he was taken to the police-court and remanded till the 17th—I then attended and saw Duling in the body of the Court, and recognised him as one of the parties—I spoke to the sergeant, and he was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who was with you when you were attacked?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No one—I had been on business at Southampton Street, Pentonville—I left there alone—I distinctly say that I was not in company with any one from the time I left Pentonville till I was attacked—I had left home about eight, or a little later—I had two places to go to—I called at one place in Burton Street, Burton Crescent—I might have stopped there an hour and a half, or it might be more—I only had a glass of porter and a gill of rum the whole of the evening—I don't know what sort of a night it was, there were plenty of lights in the Euston Road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Griffiths. Q.</hi> Were you not standing at the corner of Chesterfield Street, with two females alongside, intoxicated?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I was sober—it was a wonder the blow you gave me did not kill me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-32" type="surname" value="PROUSE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-32" type="given" value="AUGUSTE"/>AUGUSTE PROUSE</persName> </hi>. I am a traveller, and live at 43, Liverpool Street, King's Cross—I was in the Euston Road between twelve and one o'clock on this morning—I saw Griffiths with another, who I think was Duling—Griffiths asked me if I knew those two men, meaning Duling and the prosecutor—Duling was with the prosecutor—Griffiths was alone—I said I did not know them—he then walked away, following the others—I after-wards heard cries of "Police," and saw a man running away—Duling took the left side of the street and ran away—Griffiths was walking quite lame down the street—I followed him, and saw a constable, and gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you ever said anything before to-day about Duling being the man who was talking with the prosecutor?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have not sworn he was the man, but I believe he was—the prosecutor was in liquor—he was not sober—there were two females in his company—I saw the man I believe to be Duling before he ran away—I saw his face quite time enough to recognise him—I was ten yards from him—it was an ordinary night, not dark—I next saw him at Bow Street on the 17th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Griffiths. Q.</hi> About twenty-five minutes to one, when I was coming along, did not I see you and the prosecutor and two females, with a short man, standing at the corner of Chesterfield Street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, not at that time; there was a short man bleeding from the nose—he had two females on each side of him—the prosecutor, the two females, and the short man went up Chesterfield Street—you and I followed behind, about seventeen yards—you left me before we got to the top.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> About what time was this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About one—when Griffiths first spoke to me I was about twenty yards from the prosecutor,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270007"/>
<p>not more—Duling was then with the prosecutor, and the two females behind—the man I saw afterwards running away was the same man I saw speaking to the prosecutor—there was a lamp close by.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-33" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-33" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM BALLARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman Y</hi> 154). I was on duty in Euston Road between twelve and one o'clock—I heard cries of "Police," and saw Griffiths come running out of Chesterfield Street, followed by Prouse—Prouse said something to me about a watch, which I did not exactly understand—I immediately ran after Griffiths and brought him back—Prouse said that he had knocked a man down and robbed him round the corner—he began making a noise, pretending to cry, and said he did not do it—I took him back to the prosecutor, whom I found bleeding very much from his nose, and his hat was smashed in—he said, "That is the man that knocked me down and robbed me"—Griffiths said, "I did not do it, but I know who did it; he took the watch and threw it away"—I took him to the station and searched him, but found nothing on him, and when it was light I went to the area of 8, Chesterfield Street, where I found this glass; it is apparently a watch-glass, very much smashed in small pieces; it was in the track that Griffiths ran—I saw Duling about a quarter of an hour previous to the robbery, when I was on duty in James Street, with three or four others, running up the street hallooing and shouting—knowing that was not their way home, I followed them, and at the bottom of Euston Road I lost sight of them, and then I heard the cries of "Police," but I did not see Duling on that occasion.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you ever said before to-day that you saw Duling a quarter of an hour before the robbery?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I was not asked the question—I was three times before the Magistrate—I am aware that on the last occasion witnesses were called to prove that Duling was not there at the time I speak of—if I had been asked the question I should have stated it then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> In what state was the prosecutor?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Sober—he had been knocked about very much.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-34" type="surname" value="OLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-34" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID OLDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant Y</hi> 16). I was at Bow Street on the 17th, in the clerk's office—in consequence of a communication from the pro
<lb/>secutor, I went into the police-court—I saw Duling there—I touched him and told him to come outside—I then told him I should take him into custody for being concerned with Griffiths in robbing Mr. James about a week ago—he said, "Not me; you have got this up for me; I am innocent"—I took him to the police-station, and he was charged—I found on him two cards relating to benefit societies for two thieves, but nothing connected with this robbery.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I believe you have ascertained that Duling has been employed at a coal-wharf?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-35" type="surname" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-35" type="given" value="JAMES THOMAS"/>JAMES THOMAS PAUL</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of 26, Burton Crescent—I was called into Hunter Street police-station on the morning of 10th December, about two o'clock, to see the prosecutor—I found him suffering from a severe contused wound of the nose—the cartilage was broken—there was a contused wound on the back of the head which bled very much—my attention was not directed to his leg.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had he the appearance of having been drinking?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I could not say that he was perfectly sober—he knew what he was about, still he had been drinking so as to be the worse for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-36" type="surname" value="NUNNS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-36" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER NUNNS</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier, and live at 193, Euston Road—on Wednesday, 18 the December, between four and five o'clock, in conse
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270008"/>
<p>of going with Mr. James to a watchmaker's, and identifying his watch, I went to the prisoner Heath's house, in company with James—I told him, "There is a watch at the watchmaker's, which you have sent to repair; where did you get it from?"—he said that he had obtained it of a customer, who had been to his house and incurred a debt of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and had gone away and left the watch for the money—I said, "Is it not rather a strange proceeding to take a watch without knowing whom you had it from?"—he said no, he was perfectly satisfied, for he found it was worth the money—he seemed to treat the matter lightly—I did not know him before—I asked him when it was he took it, he said he could not say—it was Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday, or some time—he did not give any description of the person who had left the watch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I believe you had seen the watch at Mr. England's?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—he had given information to the police—he lives about six or seven minutes' walk from Heath's Coffee-house, which is right opposite the Great Northern Railway—I went first to Heath's between seven and eight in the evening—it was suggested that he should go to the police-station—he went with me readily—it was then suggested that we should go to Mr. England's to see the watch—he went with me there, saw the watch, and said that was the one he had sent to be repaired—I parted company with him there, went back to the station, and then went again to his shop with Mr. James—that must have been at nearly twelve o'clock at night—he gave the same explanation that he had done at eight o'clock—he said the customer who had left the watch had gone down the line and promised to come back in a week—he told me he could not describe the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-37" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-37" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS JAMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This is my watch; I saw it at Mr. England's, a watchmaker's in Winchester Terrace—I afterwards went with the last witness to Heath's—I asked if he could describe the man who had left the watch with him—first of all he said that he was a tall man, and then that he was short man, and then he said, "I don't think I have any right to tell you; I took the watch because it was worth the money"—he said he took it in the early part of the week, but he was not quite sure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-38" type="surname" value="MERRICK"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MERRICK</persName> </hi>. I am a waiter at Heath's Coffee-house, 17, Weston Place, King's Cross—he gave me this watch to take to Mr. England, and told me to ask Mr. England to repair it and send word how much it would be—I took it—I don't know what day of the month it was—I have been trying to recollect—Mr. England says it was on the Monday, and I think he must be right—I mean the Monday before Heath was taken into custody—the accounts at Heath's are kept on a slate—I did not keep them—I am no scholar—I have seen Heath write on it, but he is not much of a writer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I suppose, when the accounts are settled, they are rubbed off the slate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—there was a customer at the shop at the time I went with the watch—I saw him give it to Heath—he had been stopping there the previous night—I saw him wearing the watch on a chain, and he took it from the chain to give it to Heath—he was still there when I got back from Mr. England's—I had left the watch there to be repaired—I told Heath what the value of the watch was and how much it would cost to be repaired—I did not see the man leave, I went out for a walk—I heard him say he was going down the line and would be back in four or five days or a week, and then he would call and pay his score.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you ever seen the man before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I gave a description of him to the police—I said he was a gentlemanly sort of man, with a black moustache and black beard—he wore dark clothes, a fashion
<lb/>able coat with side-pockets—when I returned from the walk he was gone.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Griffith's Statement before the Magistrate was read as follows</hi>:—"Duling was not there at all. I saw the prosecutor standing with two females at Chesterfield Street; he was in liquor and bleeding at the nose. Each side of him was a female, and in front a man shorter than myself, and dressed rather respectably. Prouse stood on the curb by the side. They were all that were present."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called the following witnesses for the defence</hi>:—</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-39" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-39" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I live at 33, West Street, Somer's Town—Duling occupies the back room second floor in my house—on the evening of the 9th December I was at home about ten o'clock up to half-past five in the morning, when I went to work—Duling was in the house all the evening—I am certain it was on the 9th December, because my brother-in-law had been a teetotaler, and he had a friend come to see him that evening, and he went out with him and had a drop of beer—I was examined before the Magistrate; my brother-in-law is here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When did you hear that Duling was charged with anything?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not till about a day after he was charged—it happened on a Monday, and I heard of it on the next Wednesday, about a week after—I don't say that Duling was at home every night that week—he is gene
<lb/>rally home about ten or eleven—sometimes he sleeps out on a Saturday night, but very seldom—I was in bed about half-past ten or a quarter to eleven—I sleep in the back room down stairs, and Duling up stairs—there are four other lodgers in the front room, two have gone away—one sleeps along with my brother-in-law—they go out about half-past six or seven to work—I did not see Duling go out in the morning, but my misses slays he went out as usual—I never knew Duling out of work above a day or two since he has lodged with me, and he has been there three months—he works at the coal trade, and goes out in the morning about the same time as the other chaps—I have seen Griffiths visit him now and then, but not often.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How do you know it was on the night of the 9th that your brother-in-law broke the pledge?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know it was the first Monday that he broke the pledge when his friend came from the country—he came from the country on the Sunday, and came to see him on the Monday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-40" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-40" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at the house of the last witness—on the night of the 9th December I had a friend come to see me—I went out and had a little beer with him between half-past eleven and twelve o'clock, and when I came home Duling wished me good night in his room—if it was not his voice it was a voice so like his that I should not know them apart—it was as I passed his door to go to my room—I am clear about the date, because I had been a teetotaller about three mouths before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Can you swear it was Duling's voice you heard?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I can—I gave evidence at Bow Street—the police sergeant came to our house first about this—I think that was in the same week—I had often bid Duling good night before—I don't think I did after the 10th December; I might and I might not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What time did your friend come?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About seven o'clock I think—I had not seen him before that night—I had stopped at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270010"/>
<p>home all that day; I mean on the Monday, as I was rather queer—my friend had not come on the Sunday.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIFFITHS</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">DULING</hi>
<rs id="t18680127-149-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-149-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-149-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">HEATH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-149-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-149-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-149-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was further charged with having been before convicted, to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<rs id="t18680127-149-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-149-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-149-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-149-18680127 t18680127-149-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">DULING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-149-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-149-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-149-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-149-18680127 t18680127-149-punishment-3"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-150">
<interp inst="t18680127-150" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-150" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-150-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-150-18680127 t18680127-150-offence-1 t18680127-150-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-150-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-150-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18680127" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18680127" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-150-18680127" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY TAYLOR</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-150-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-150-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-150-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwellinghouse of
<persName id="t18680127-name-42" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-42" type="surname" value="CAYLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-42" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-150-offence-1 t18680127-name-42"/>Sarah Cayley</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-43" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-43" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK EVANS</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mrs. Cayley, 43, Pall Mall—I sleep in the basement of the house—on the morning of the 10th January I heard a noise—I went to the front door, and sent a little boy for a con
<lb/>stable—I then got another constable—I told one to stand at the front door—I went to the back with the other—I then called a Captain McNeal—we examined the back part of the premises, and found the back window open, but the shutters fastened from the inside—the constable forced an entry into the shop—you can't get in the shop from the house—there is a separate entrance—when we got in I found the prisoner crouched down behind the counter—I heard a blow struck and a cry from the prisoner—I think he said, "I am killed"—I found a screwdriver, a knife, a piece of stone to whet knives upon, a bottle with some oil, and a dark lantern—I also found a twelve-foot ladder in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-44" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-44" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MORGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman C</hi> 55). About twenty-fire minutes to seven I was called to 43, Pall Mall—I found the back parlour had been broken into; the window had been bored about with an auger—I placed a ladder across the area to the window, and pushed the shutters, and they came open—I saw the prisoner in the room and struck him at once—he had something in his hand—we expected to see three or four more; that is what made me hit him on the head—I took him into custody—at the station he pretended to be drunk.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. It was from loss of blood; you gave me such a blow on the head.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-45" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-45" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JONES</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Messrs. Walpole, linen merchants—they occupy the shop, 43, Pall Mall—I saw the window secured about six o'clock on the previous night—I found the screwdriver and the other things in the shop next day—they do not belong to my employers—the twelve-foot ladder does not belong to us.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-46" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-46" type="surname" value="CAYLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-46" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH CAYLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 43, Pall Mall, and let the shop to Messrs. Walpole.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK EVANS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What time was it that you heard the noise?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Directly I heard whatever it was fall, the Big Ben began to chime six o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. About a quarter-past six I was coming down Pall Mall. Two men were standing in front of Mrs. Cayley's door. They asked me if I would carry a parcel, and told me to wait a minute. I waited, they struck a light, I heard a noise, they got into the house and opened the door for me. I went in, and they told me to stop, they would be back directly. I stayed there half an hour, and the policeman opened the shutters, ran in, and struck me on the head. I have been under the doctor ever since. He pulled me down to the station half dead from loss of blood. I don't think I should have stopped there if I was going to do anything wrong.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-47" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-47" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I got into the shop through the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270011"/>
<p>window—they had bored two holes and then forced the wood—no one could have got out at the front door, because I was standing there—I am sure no one went out there—there was some instrument underneath the shop door, so that it could not be opened.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was there not a key in the shop door?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, it was locked; I had to unlock it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-48" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re'examined</hi>). We lock up the shop door at night inside, and go out at Mrs. Cayley's side door, and go in the same way—the key was taken out the night before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-150-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-150-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-150-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-150-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-150-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-150-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-150-18680127 t18680127-150-punishment-4"/>Six Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY: </hi></p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-151">
<interp inst="t18680127-151" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-151" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-151-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-151-18680127 t18680127-151-offence-1 t18680127-151-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-151-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-151-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18680127" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18680127" type="surname" value="CLUTTERBUCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-151-18680127" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CLUT
<lb/>TERBUCK</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-151-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-151-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-151-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., also 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., of
<persName id="t18680127-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-50" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-50" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-151-offence-1 t18680127-name-50"/>John Nicholls</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-151-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-151-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-151-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-151-18680127 t18680127-151-punishment-5"/>Nine Months Impri
<lb/>sonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18680127-151-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-151-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-151-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-152">
<interp inst="t18680127-152" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-152" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-152-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18680127 t18680127-152-offence-1 t18680127-152-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-152-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-152-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18680127" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18680127" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-152-18680127" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN MURPHY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18680127 t18680127-alias-1"/>EMMA FREEMAN</rs> </hi> </persName> (38)
<rs id="t18680127-152-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-152-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-152-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a dress of
<persName id="t18680127-name-52" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-52" type="surname" value="NAPTHALI"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-52" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-152-offence-1 t18680127-name-52"/>Hannah Napthali</persName>, and one gown of
<persName id="t18680127-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-53" type="surname" value="FOOTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-53" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-152-offence-1 t18680127-name-53"/>Ellen Footman</persName>,having been before convicted.</rs>—.
<hi rend="italic">**
<rs id="t18680127-152-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-152-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-152-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-152-18680127 t18680127-152-punishment-6"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18680127-152-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-152-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-152-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-153">
<interp inst="t18680127-153" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-153" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-153-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-153-18680127 t18680127-153-offence-1 t18680127-153-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-153-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-153-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18680127" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18680127" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-153-18680127" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN BALL</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-153-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-153-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-153-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining goods by false pre
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-153-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-153-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-153-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-153-18680127 t18680127-153-punishment-7"/>six Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18680127-153-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-153-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-153-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-154">
<interp inst="t18680127-154" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-154" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-154-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-154-18680127 t18680127-154-offence-1 t18680127-154-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-154-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-154-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18680127" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18680127" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-154-18680127" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GEORGE PEAR
<lb/>SON</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-154-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-154-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-154-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing an order for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of
<persName id="t18680127-name-56" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-56" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-56" type="given" value="JOHN PASSMORE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-154-offence-1 t18680127-name-56"/>John Pass more Edwards</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-154-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-154-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-154-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-154-18680127 t18680127-154-punishment-8"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18680127-154-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-154-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-154-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-155">
<interp inst="t18680127-155" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-155" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-155-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18680127 t18680127-155-offence-1 t18680127-155-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-155-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-155-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18680127" type="age" value="62"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18680127" type="surname" value="STURGES"/>
<interp inst="def1-155-18680127" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY STURGES</hi> (62)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-155-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-155-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-155-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to two indictments for stealing six spoons and other goods of
<persName id="t18680127-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-58" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-58" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-155-offence-1 t18680127-name-58"/>Henry Holland</persName> and another, his masters.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the pro
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-155-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-155-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-155-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-155-18680127 t18680127-155-punishment-9"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18680127-155-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-155-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-155-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>And </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-156">
<interp inst="t18680127-156" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-156" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-156-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-156-18680127 t18680127-156-offence-1 t18680127-156-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-156-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-156-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18680127" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18680127" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="def1-156-18680127" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED LLOYD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-156-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-156-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-156-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, to unlawfully having in his possession certain housebreaking implements.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-156-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-156-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-156-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-156-18680127 t18680127-156-punishment-10"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.
<rs id="t18680127-156-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-156-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-156-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 27
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-157">
<interp inst="t18680127-157" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-157" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-157-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-157-18680127 t18680127-157-offence-1 t18680127-157-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-157-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-157-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18680127" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18680127" type="surname" value="CLOSE"/>
<interp inst="def1-157-18680127" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE CLOSE</hi> (42)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-157-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-157-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-157-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18680127-157-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-157-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-157-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> to feloniously having a mould for coining in her possession, having been before convicted.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-157-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-157-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-157-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-157-18680127 t18680127-157-punishment-11"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-158">
<interp inst="t18680127-158" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-158" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-158-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18680127 t18680127-158-offence-1 t18680127-158-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-158-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-158-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18680127" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18680127" type="surname" value="LINDSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-158-18680127" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY LINDSEY</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-158-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-158-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-158-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARNER SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-62" type="surname" value="SHEPPARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SHEPPARD</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of Harry Sheppard, who keeps the Bricklayers' Arms, Rathbone Place—on 28th December, between five and six, the prisoner came for two pennyworth of rum—she paid me with a shilling—I gave her the change, and put the shilling in the till—there were no other shillings there, I had taken them all out just before—about a quarter of an hour after my sister-in-law went to the till to pay the baker—I saw her take out the shilling which I had put in—she gave it to the baker—he gave it back to me, and I found it was bad—I gave it to my brother, who put it on a shelf—I saw her again on 1st January and identified her—when she came in on the 28th December she had on a red Garibaldi, and she had one on on 1st January.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Who was serving?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No one but me—we do a fair amount of business, but there was no one at the bar at the time the prisoner was there—she wore a hat, a dark shawl, and something red underneath—my brother was in the bar parlour—no other customer</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270012"/>
<p>had been in when I went to the till, and I was not two feet from it—I do not recollect anybody calling on me on 9th January.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-63" type="surname" value="SHEPPARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-63" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY SHEPPARD</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of the last witness, and keep the Bricklayers' Arms—on Wednesday night, 1st of January, the prisoner came in, at a quarter-past five, for two pennyworth of old rum—I served her—she did not drink it—she paid me with a bad shilling—I said, "I believe you have been here before"—she said that she had not—I gave her in custody with the shillings—a young man then came into the bar, and asked for a glass of beer—he asked what was the matter, and said he would pay for what the woman had had, and asked me for the shilling that she had given me, but I would not give it to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you present on 28th December?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I do not think there was anybody in that bar when the prisoner came in—there may have been one or two in the other bar, but I could not see—the prisoner was dressed in a black shawl and a hat and feather—her shawl was closed over closely I think, I was too far off to see what was underneath—a baker came in after she went out, and this shilling was passed to him—he did not go away from the house, he only went to the door, and then said that the shilling was bad—I will not swear that the pri
<lb/>soner is the woman, but I believe she is.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-64" type="surname" value="TREMAINE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-64" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER TREMAINE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). On 1st January I was called to the Bricklayers' Arms, about five o'clock, and the prisoner was given into my custody for uttering a bad shilling—she said that a man gave it to her, who would be back in an hour—I was just about taking her to the station, when a man looked in and said, "What is the matter? what is all this?"—the prisoner said, "That is the man who gave me the shilling"—he said, "—I did give her a shilling"—I said that I should take him in custody—I afterwards received a shilling and a penny from the female searcher in the prisoner's presence—I searched the man, and as 1 placed him in the dock this feather of a woman's hat dropped on the ground—I received two bad shillings from Harry Sheppard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-65" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-65" type="given" value="ROBERT ALFRED"/>ROBERT ALFRED PEARCE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mrs. Webber—on 27th November the prisoner came in for half a quire of note-paper and a packet of envelopes, which came to 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a bad florin—I showed it to somebody, and gave the prisoner in custody with the florin—she said that she had it given her by a young man, an assistant to a grocer in Cleveland Street, named Johnson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was she with somebody else?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—it was between four and five in the evening.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-66" type="surname" value="POOLE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-66" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM POOLE</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Johnson, a grocer, of 49, Cleveland Street, Fitzroy Square—on a Sunday night, I do not know the date, the prisoner came to the shop, and I gave her, out in the street, a florin and a sixpence—my master bad paid me that florin on Saturday night for my wages; I believed it was good.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-67" type="surname" value="HESSE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-67" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HESSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman X</hi> 45). On 27th November the prisoner was given into my custody—she was taken to Marylebone Police-court, charged with uttering a bad florin, remanded, and discharged on 5th December—she gave her name Emily Turner, 42, London Street, Tottenham Court Road—I know Livesey by sight—he was present at the police-court when she was in the dock—he was not in charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-68" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-68" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings and this florin are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defense</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-69" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-69" type="given" value="JOSIAH"/>JOSIAH ELLIOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor's cutter, of 9, High Holborn—I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270013"/>
<p>known the man Livesey ever since he was a little child—on 28th December I met him and the prisoner in Gray's Inn Road, as near four o'clock in the afternoon as possible—we went and had a glass together, and they left—I was with them about three-quarters of hour—they went in the direction of King's Cross.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How came you to remember 28th December?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was the Saturday after Christmas Day—I was not on strike then, but we were very slack at our place—I work for H. E. and M. Moses, but did not do so that day—I was walking about, I looked at my watch when I wanted to know the time—I had seen Livesey about a month previously, he called at my house at about half-past two in the afternoon—I swear that—I had never seen the prisoner before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-70" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-70" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Turner, agent to the Royal Lion Friendly Society—we live in St. James's Road, Holloway, and have occupied the same house nearly three years—the prisoner is my sister; she and Livesey have been living together as man and wife since November—they came to my house on 28th December, at a little after five o'clock; they had tea with me, and left at a little before seven—I went to Mr. Shepherd on 9th January, and made a communication.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Since what day in November have the prisoner and Livesey together?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know the day—I will swear she was living with him at the beginning of November—I had not seen her for three years before—I knew that she was living with him—I met her in the street with him—I do not know that she was in prison in the beginning of November—I will not swear that she was not—I swear I saw her in the street in November, 1867—she went away at a little before seven on the 28th—I am sure it was not a little before six—I always have the time with me—there was a clock in the room and a watch in my pocket—I do not know what makes me remember December 28th—I do not recollect other days at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-71" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-71" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HART</persName> </hi>. I am single, and am a mantle-maker—I live with the last witness in the Holloway Road—on 28th December I was with her when Mr. and Mrs. Livesey were there—I did not remain to tea—I came in just before they went away, just before seven—on 9th of January I went to Mr. Shepherd's with Mrs. Turner, who made a communication.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you known the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About three months—I had just left work, my hours are eight to eight, but on Saturdays we leave off at three—I was at my sister's house, in Clerkenwell, between three and seven—I noticed a clock as I passed, it was just before seven.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where was the clock you looked at?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the Holloway Road; it was half-past six by that clock, and I then had about ten minutes' walk, so that it was a little before seven—having seen my sister, that is the reason I remember it was 28th December.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What time is it now?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Two o'clock; there is the clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-72" type="surname" value="LIVESEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-72" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LIVESEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">in custody</hi>). I am the son of William Livesey, a plumber and painter, of Chorley, Lancashire—I have been in London some
<lb/>thing like two years, and live with Mr. Starling, at 40, Bolsover Street, Portland Road—I am in the service of Thomas Kersham, of 58, Baker Street—on 1st January I went into the prosecutor's public-house, heard a conversation going on, and offered to give a shilling for the shilling which my wife had passed—I have been living with the prisoner as my wife since</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270014"/>
<p>October or November, and had given her the shilling—I believed it to be good—I only had 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and a half-sovereign in my pocket—I told her to go into that house and wait till I came for her; she did so and I found her there—I asked for the shilling back in the public-house, but they would not give it to me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where were you at work on 1st January?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I lost my work in November, and had been doing nothing since—I worked for a couple of weeks in November, my wages were 32
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—I have been out of work six or seven weeks, and had been supporting the prisoner—I do not belong to any club—I got the shilling from Mr. Bishop, of Oxford Street, in change for a half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-158-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-158-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-158-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">She was further charged with having been convicted of a like offence at this Court in June</hi>, 1866,
<hi rend="italic">to which she</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-158-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-158-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-158-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-158-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-158-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-158-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-158-18680127 t18680127-158-punishment-12"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-159">
<interp inst="t18680127-159" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-159" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-159-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-159-18680127 t18680127-159-offence-1 t18680127-159-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-159-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-159-18680127 t18680127-159-offence-1 t18680127-159-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-159-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-159-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18680127" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18680127" type="surname" value="LINDSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-159-18680127" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY LINDSEY</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted, with
<persName id="def2-159-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-159-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18680127" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18680127" type="surname" value="LIVESEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-159-18680127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LIVE
<lb/>SEY</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-159-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-159-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-159-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for a like offence, upon which .</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-159-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-159-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-159-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-160">
<interp inst="t18680127-160" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-160" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-160-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-160-18680127 t18680127-160-offence-1 t18680127-160-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-160-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-160-18680127 t18680127-160-offence-1 t18680127-160-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-160-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-160-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18680127" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18680127" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="def1-160-18680127" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GRUBB</hi> (61)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-160-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-160-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-160-18680127" type="age" value="58"/>
<interp inst="def2-160-18680127" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="def2-160-18680127" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH GRUBB</hi> (58)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-160-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-160-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-160-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Felo
<lb/>niously having in their possession a mould for coining.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-77" type="surname" value="BRANNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRANNAN</persName> </hi>. I am employed by the Mint—on 18th January, be
<lb/>tween seven and eight, I went to 17, Turk Street, Bethnal Green, with Inspector Bryant, Broad, Fife, and other officers—the street door was open, and the parlour door inside was ajar—the female prisoner was standing inside the doorway—I went in and saw the male prisoner sitting on the bed, undressed—I said, "My name is Brannan; I have received instructions to look after you; I have come to search for coining implements and coun
<lb/>terfeit coin"—they made no reply—on a table I found some pieces of white metal, a piece of glass with a little plasters and grease adhering to it, three bands for making moulds with plaster adhering to them, a file with white metal in its teeth, and a pipe with a small quantity of fused metal in it, some pieces of copper wire, a small brush, a saucer with composition in it, and two or three pieces of copper wire, some of which have been dipped in solu
<lb/>tion—Inspector Bryant produced the small box, open, from under the table—it contained two moulds for making shillings, and one for sixpences, eight bad shillings, and twenty-seven bad sixpences—in a little purse in the female prisoner's dress-pocket was 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money, one of the coins corre
<lb/>sponded with three of those found in the box by Bryant—Bryant said that the cupboard under the stairs and the back shed were locked—I asked for the keys—the female prisoner said, "It's no use to deny this," and went to the cupboard and brought two keys, which I handed to Bryant, who went out and returned with twenty-nine skeleton keys, about the most complete set I ever saw; also a piece of wax to take impressions of keys, and every article necessary for coining—I said, "Anything you state I shall have to name hereafter, therefore you are at liberty to say what you like"—the woman said, "I know who sent you here, and so help me God they shall suffer."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-78" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-78" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BRYANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector G</hi>). I was with Brannan, and handed him a box which I found under the table—I received a key from the female prisoner, with which I opened a cupboard, and there found</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270015"/>
<p>twenty-nine skeleton keys and pick-locks, an iron ladle, a number of files, and some plaster of Paris.</p>
<hi rend="italic">James Grubb. Q.</hi> Did you not break open the cupboard door?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I afterwards tried the key, and it fitted the padlock—I had found the box before that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-79" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-79" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These moulds are for sixpences of, 1866—I have examined twenty-seven counterfeit sixpences of that date, twenty-four of which are from that mould—here is a shilling mould of 1828, but no coins—here is a shilling mould of 1864, and eight shillings from it—here is everything necessary for making counterfeit coin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">James Grubb's Defence</hi>. He had to pass my room from the street door, and he brought these things and put them there. I have kept my bed seven months, and have also been in St. Bartholomew's Hospital; it would be out of my power to make these things.
<hi rend="italic">A</hi> female asked me to allow her to leave a few shillings and sixpences there; I told her she might put them is the cupboard, and then gave information to Mr. Brannan to get the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that is allowed.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES GRUBB</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-160-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-160-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-160-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-160-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-160-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-160-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-160-18680127 t18680127-160-punishment-13"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH GRUBB</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-160-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-160-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-160-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-161">
<interp inst="t18680127-161" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-161" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-161-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-161-18680127 t18680127-161-offence-1 t18680127-161-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-161-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-161-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18680127" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18680127" type="surname" value="ALMOND"/>
<interp inst="def1-161-18680127" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ROBERT ALMOND</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-161-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-161-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-161-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering a medal resembling a sixpence, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-81" type="surname" value="BEALES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-81" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA BEALES</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Bow Bells public-house, Bow Road—on 17th December, about ten p.m., the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of gin and tendered a sixpence—I scraped the silver, found it was brassy, and gave him in custody—when I told him it was bad he said, "No, miss, it is not."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-82" type="surname" value="GROGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-82" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GROGAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 308
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). I took the prisoner, and received this coin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took him to the police-court next day—he was remanded for a week, and discharged on 24th December—I found on him 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in good silver, among which were two florins.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-83" type="surname" value="SLY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-83" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN SLY</persName> </hi>. I keep a draper's shop at Springfield Place, Hackney—on 30th December, at two o'clock, the prisoner came in for a pennyworth of white thread and gave me a sixpence—I noticed that the milling was imperfect, and said, "I cannot take that"—I gave it back to him, and he went away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-84" type="surname" value="FREWIN,"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-84" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FREWIN, JUN</persName> </hi>. I am the son of Charles Frewin, a draper, of Market Row, Hackney—on 30th December, about seven o'clock, I served the prisoner with a penny paper collar; he put down a bad sixpence—he had bought a paper collar three weeks before, and gave me the same sort of sixpence, a silvery bright one—I showed it to my father, but the prisoner had gone then, and I had given him the change.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I was never in the shop before.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I am certain you are the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-85" type="surname" value="FREWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-85" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FREWIN</persName> </hi>. On 30th November my son called me into the shop and gave me a bad sixpence, which I afterwards gave to Pun chard—I kept the prisoner in the shop—I had seen him there about three weeks before, and after he had gone my son showed me a bad sixpence, either brass or copper, which my wife threw into the fire.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-86" type="surname" value="PUNCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-86" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PUNCHARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 294
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). I took the prisoner at Mr. Frewin's on 30th December, and received this bad sixpence—I found a shilling and a halfpenny on him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270016"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-87" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-87" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are two brass medals, filed down on one side and rubbed with a paste which is bought in the street—they are of decidedly less value than sixpences.?</p>
<rs id="t18680127-161-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-161-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-161-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his youth.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18680127-161-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-161-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-161-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-161-18680127 t18680127-161-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-162">
<interp inst="t18680127-162" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-162" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-162-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-162-18680127 t18680127-162-offence-1 t18680127-162-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-162-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-162-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18680127" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18680127" type="surname" value="TURPIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-162-18680127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TURPIN</hi> (30)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-162-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-162-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-162-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> for embezzlement.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRINDLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-89" type="surname" value="FOSKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-89" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FOSKETT</persName> </hi>. I am a meat salesman in Newgate Market, the prisoner was in my service as clerk for twenty or twenty-one months—his duties were to book the meat that was sold, and to receive money for it from various customers, and to pay the money to whoever came for it, and pay it into the bank—he had to make entries in his cash-book and to account to me for the money in the book—this is the cash-book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I find no entry here of 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from George Miller on 6th November, or 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from Samuel Stacey on 5th October, or 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from Mr. Bannister on 28th September—the prisoner has not accounted to me for those sums in any way—he left on 6th November without notice, and I never saw him again till he was in custody about a fortnight since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was the prisoner assisting or was he the only clerk?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He was clerk—he had nothing to do with selling, merely receiving and paying money and keeping the accounts—the customers pay the money to him, not to the man who weighed the meat; that may some
<lb/>times happen on a Saturday, when we are very busy—the prisoner did not go out collecting money, except when I have occasionally told him to do so—these entries are in his writing—the sums stated here are a number of small items—I have not the day-book here—I will send for it—Mr. Miller is Mr. Wiseman's man; this 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was for meat had some time previously—the cheques are entered here separately—the cheques paid were drawn by the prisoner and signed by me—these moneys were all received by the prisoner, whether in cheques or not, and by him sent to the bank—sometimes I don't check my accounts for a month, sometimes once a fortnight, and sometimes in not above a day or two—he was not in the habit of taking the money to the bank—he has done such a thing when the other men have been busy—I have my bank book here, showing the exact sums sent in each day—I have examined that and find it correct according to this book—I began to go strictly through the books when I found these deficiencies on 7th November—I have six men in my employment—the prisoner sits in a sort of counting-house—the men do not take the money to him—they have nothing to do with the money—we generally commence business about five in the morning; sometimes the clerk will have done by one o'clock, sometimes two or three, and on Saturday it is generally later, at seven—the money is generally sent to the bank the same day, when it is convenient for him to make it up, sometimes as late as three, sometimes at one—during the week some thousands are paid in—I have now got my day
<lb/>book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I have known the prisoner for a long while—he was out of a situation when I took him—I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a week to start with, and I rose him to 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I believe all these entries in the day-book on Saturday, 28th September, are the prisoner's entering—he kept all the books; that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270017"/>
<p>was his duty—the entries are made in this book as the men call out the weight of the meat, and who buy it—all the credit that is given is posted into the ledger from the day-book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are the items given in the day-book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—there is no entry of 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on 6th November.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-90" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-90" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MILLER</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Richard Wiseman, butcher, of Star Corner, Bermondsey—on 6th November I paid the prisoner 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on Mr. Foskett's account—the prisoner entered the receipt in this book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); that is his writing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What is the receipt?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> "George Foskett, 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—I paid him in Mr. Foskett's counting-house, some time in the forenoon, between eleven and one—that was not on a Saturday—I think it was on a Tuesday, or one day in the beginning of the week—it was for meat supplied some time before; there was a bill sent in—I took that with me when I went to pay the amount, that was not signed, the sig
<lb/>nature in the book is sufficient—I paid the prisoner himself, and saw him write this receipt; there was no one else present; I paid him in cash, in the counting-house—it is the custom in the market for the clerk to sign the name of the principal.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-91" type="surname" value="STACEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-91" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL STACEY</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Mr. Wing, butcher, of War
<lb/>wick Lane; he occasionally buys meat of Mr. Foskett—on 6th October I paid the prisoner 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and saw him write this receipt, "G. F., 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>." in my book.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was this on a Saturday?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—somewhere between twelve and two—I am quite sure I paid it to the prisoner, he was in the counting-house—Saturday is generally a busy day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-92" type="surname" value="BANNISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-92" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT BANNISTER</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher, of King Street, Cheapside—on 28th September I paid 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to the clerk at Mr. Foskett's—he gave me this receipt, here are the initials and the date—I could not swear that it was to the prisoner that I paid the money—I paid it in the counting house at Mr. Foskett's shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-93" type="surname" value="FOSKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-93" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FOSKETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I believe this receipt for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. is the prisoner's writing—I had no other clerk in my employ on that day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-94" type="surname" value="EMERY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-94" type="given" value="ENOCH"/>ENOCH EMERY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">City Detective</hi>). I was looking for the prisoner for several weeks—on 14th January I went to No. 10, Alma Road, Old Ford. saw the landlady, and inquired for the prisoner—I found him locked in a room—I told him I should take him for embezzling money of his master, Mr. Foskett—he made no reply—I took him to the station, where the charge was read over to him, and again he made no reply.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-162-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-162-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-162-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-162-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-162-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-162-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-162-18680127 t18680127-162-punishment-15"/>Eighteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prosecutor stated his defalcations to amount to between</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l. and</hi> 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-163">
<interp inst="t18680127-163" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-163" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-163-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-18680127 t18680127-163-offence-1 t18680127-163-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-163-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-163-18680127 t18680127-163-offence-1 t18680127-163-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-163-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-163-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18680127" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18680127" type="surname" value="HALES"/>
<interp inst="def1-163-18680127" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NATHANIEL HALES</hi> (57)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-163-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-163-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-163-18680127" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-163-18680127" type="surname" value="TIMEWELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-163-18680127" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JAMES TIME
<lb/>WELL</hi> (18)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18680127-163-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-163-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-163-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> forcibly entering a certain messuage of one
<persName id="t18680127-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-97" type="surname" value="LIVE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-97" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-163-offence-1 t18680127-name-97"/>Francis Live</persName>, and expelling him there from.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HALES</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-163-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-163-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-163-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-163-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-163-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-163-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-163-18680127 t18680127-163-punishment-16"/>To enter into his own recognisances to appear and receive judgment when called upon</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">TIMEWELL</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-163-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-163-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-163-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-164">
<interp inst="t18680127-164" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-164" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-164-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-164-18680127 t18680127-164-offence-1 t18680127-164-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-164-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-164-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18680127" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18680127" type="surname" value="LIPMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-164-18680127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LIPMAN</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-164-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-164-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-164-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing fifty coats and sixty pairs of trousers of
<persName id="t18680127-name-99" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-99" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-99" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-164-offence-1 t18680127-name-99"/>Richard Davies</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>—Receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GROFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270018"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-100" type="surname" value="POTTS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM POTTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 497). On Wednesday, 1st January, from information I received, I went to the Fleet Street police-station, where I found the prisoner—I told him he would be charged with receiving a quantity of coats and trousers stolen from the van of Mr. Davies, the car
<lb/>man, of Knight Rider Street, on 29th November, and I asked where he got them from—he said he bought them of a man, but he did not know who the man was, and he had sold them to Mr. Kauffman, Aaron and Wil
<lb/>kinson, and the coats to Mr. Cohen—he said there were twenty-six coats and thirty pairs of trousers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did not he say he bought them in the clothes mar
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I had previously found out the parties to whom he sold the things; I had the parties in custody on 6th December, charged with the unlawful possession—I cannot say whether he knew that; he told me their names voluntarily—he gave me his correct address, I had been to his house and seen his wife before that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-101" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILKINSON</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier, of 11, Cutler Street, Hounds
<lb/>ditch—I bought thirteen pairs of trousers of the prisoner, I don't know the exact date; it was on a Tuesday, six weeks ago to-day—I paid him 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pair—I afterwards gave one pair of them to the policeman—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you known the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Nearly twenty years—I knew him when a boy, he has lived in the neigh
<lb/>bourhood—I have always known him as a respectable dealer in clothes since he has dealt in the Exchange; we buy and sell large quantities of clothes there—the wholesale dealers bring large quintiles of soiled stock into the market—the prisoner first brought me one pair and asked if I would buy twelve pairs—I asked how much, he said 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I said I would give 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and he went and brought twelve more pairs—I did not ask where he bought them, he is a dealer it the market.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What do you say his character, has been as an honest man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know nothing against him—I did not on one occasion take him to the police-station—my brother did, for 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. he owed him; he locked him up for it; he gave him the 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and the case was dis
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-102" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-102" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL COHEN</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier, of 9, Fashion Terrace, Spitalfields—I bought twenty-six coats of the prisoner, and paid him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each for them; I think it was about six weeks ago—the constable afterwards took pos
<lb/>session of the coats, and of me too—I made a statement to him, and he let me go—this is one of the coats (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you known the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Twenty-five or twenty-six years as a trader in the market—I have always known him to bear a respectable character—I have bought of him to the extent of 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a month—he deals extensively—I buy from him is the market—these things are sold there, hundreds a month sometimes; when the wholesale dealers take stock once a year, they gene
<lb/>rally turn rut these kind of goods—I did not ask him where he got them, being an honest man—I thought I had no business to ask the question.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you often in the market?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Every day—I had seen the prisoner there every day before I bought these coats.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-103" type="surname" value="AARON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-103" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH AARON</persName> </hi>. I am a general dealer, of 13, Roper's Buildings, Cutler Street—on 3rd December I bought twenty-one pairs of trousers of the prisoner in the Exchange—I paid him 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pair—I sold three or four pairs, and gave the rest to the constable.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270019"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you known the prisoner for some time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, many years, ever since I have been in the market—I always con
<lb/>sidered him a very respectable man—I have made purchases of him before, many times—I only sold a few pairs of these trousers—sometimes we sell many pairs at a time—I serve many dealers in different parts of the globe—it was this day eight weeks I bought them—I saw him two days before he was taken—I can't say that I saw him there nearly every day during December—I don't very often go into the market, unless any
<lb/>thing is brought to where I am dealing—I did not buy them in the market, where he deals; I bought them in the Exhibition Clothes Exchange, where I deal, which is next to it—he had the trousers with him, carrying them in the market—he said, "I have got some trousers I think will suit you"—he did not say where he bought them; I did not ask him—we buy every day from persons who come to us—I knew this young man; if I had not known him I should not have bought them—I never ask questions of any persons who bring things—I buy them in public market, and give a fair price—it is not the first time I have bought new goods in the market—I have bought from persons I did not know—I have not thought it necessary to make inquiries—during the day the same things will change hands sometimes two or three times.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say unless you now the party you would not buy of him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; not exactly of a stranger of course—if a man had goods that I thought were right, and that would suit me to get an interest on, I should buy them—it is usual in the market to purchase of a person you don't know, and without asking questions—you don't get the address of a person unless you go—to a warehouse—where you buy a large quantity of a stranger I am not aware that it is usual to ask ques
<lb/>tions; I never adopt that course.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> But you said just now you would not buy of a stranger?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not if I thought they were not right—I would not buy of a child, a lad came to me the other day with a coat and pair of trousers, and I would not buy them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-104" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-104" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-104" type="given" value="MOSS"/>MOSS DAVIES</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Hyam and Company, of Can
<lb/>non Street, outfitters—on 29th November six cases, containing clothes, were delivered to a carman named Davies—I saw them packed—one of them contained fifty coats, and another sixty pairs of trousers—the coats were 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each and the trousers 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—these produced are some of those that were in the cases.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you a clearing out of stock once a year?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> We have occasionally—we sell all the over stock—we do not send them to the clothes mart—no doubt the persons who buy them take them there—they are sold there in large quantities—I do not know the prisoner—I should think 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a pair for the trousers a fair price in the market, and 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the coats—it is rather below the value, but not much.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you in the habit of selling as many as sixty coats and thirty pairs of trousers to one purchaser?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Oh! yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-105" type="surname" value="SOUTHRON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-105" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SOUTHRON</persName> </hi>. I live at Rolls Buildings, Fetter Lane—on 29th November I was a carman in the employ of Mr. Davies—on that day I received from Messrs. Hyam, of Cannon Street, six cases of goods—I took them to Dowie, another carman, who was at that time loading his van in Tenter Street—I saw the six cases placed in his van, and gave him the shipping-note and the toll-money—the goods were to be taken to the East</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270020"/>
<p>India Dock—I saw Dowie leave Tenter Street with them about one o'clock that afternoon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-106" type="surname" value="DOWIE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DOWIE</persName> </hi>. I was carman to Mr. Davies on 29th November—on that day I received from Southron six cases; they were placed in the tail of the van—I took the van to the East India Docks—I got there about a quarter to four—I then missed two of the cases.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called the following witnesses for the Defence</hi>:—</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-107" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-107" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer in clothing of all sorts—I know the Clothes Exchange in Houndsditch—I am frequently in the habit of going there—I make purchases every day—I buy from anybody—at times great quantities of coats and trousers are brought there for sale—they are bought from the wholesale dealers, and sometimes at auctions—early in December I saw quantities of coats and trousers taken through the market and being exposed for sale—I did not see the prisoner buying any—I have known him four or five years—I always knew him to be a respectable man—he was in the habit of going to the market daily—I never missed him any day barring Saturday, his Sabbath—unless we entertain sus
<lb/>picions we do not make inquiries of persons who bring things to sell.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I suppose you generally know the persons you purchase large quantities from?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, we do not ask the person's name, or have any receipt; we are not all known to one another, only by sight; we get things as cheap as we can—I do not know Potts the officer—I can't say that I have seen him in the Exchange—I swear that I have seen the prisoner there every day barring Sunday, from 29th November till he was taken into custody; he is very well known in the market.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-108" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-108" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer in old clothes, and have been for a great many years—I know the Clothes Exchange in Houndsditch—great quantities of these things are sold there in large and small quantities—a toll is generally paid to go in there, a ½
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>, 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. or 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—those that pay 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. are supposed to be country hawkers—I have known the prisoner seven or eight years—I always found him a respectable man—I have transacted business with him, and he with me; he is not a very extensive dealer, he buys and sells the same as a good many more—we are not supposed to take an invoice if everybody that comes into the market, or we should have to take hundreds in a day, because we buy and sell to a neighbour a minute afterwards—there are a few large dealers, and some large firms, and some small ones—you can buy a pair of trousers there for 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You say the prisoner is not an extensive dealer?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Well, he buys a coat for 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and sells it for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the same as I should do—I have at times known him buy as many as forty coats at a time—I have known him buy old white coats worth 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a piece, and I have known him buy large quantities of things at sales, and likewise in the market—sometimes a man brings in a whole bale of clothes and sells them—I should buy of a party without asking any questions; I would buy 500 coats of a man if he brought them into the public market; they are all exposed for sale, and everybody is supposed to buy as cheap as they can, without any questions at all; there are 2000 or 3000 persons there buying and exchanging.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-109" type="surname" value="LIPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-109" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LIPMAN</persName> </hi>. I am cousin to the prisoner—I know the practice of the market—the prisoner has been a dealer in these sort of things for a long time—they are sold openly in the market—no inquiries are made—if a man comes in with a bale of coats and trousers, and sells them openly</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270021"/>
<p>in the market, it is not thought necessary to ask who he is or where he comes from, or whether he has paid for them—I have never known the prisoner charged with any criminal offence—he was in the market in December—I did not miss him at all during December—I know of his buying these things; I did not see him buy them—I saw them about an hour after he had bought them—I saw them exposed for sale in the market—I don't know the man that had them—I should know him if I was to see him—they were laid out loosely for any
<lb/>body to buy, and about an hour afterwards the prisoner told me he had bought them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What were the goods?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Coats and trousers—this was early in December, about seven or eight weeks back—to my knowledge the prisoner was never taken to the police-court by Wilkinson—he was never taken to the Mansion House and charged with stealing a coat, to my knowledge—I was before the Magistrate when he was charged with this offence—I did not give evidence—I was not called upon—I don't know why—I was there to give evidence if I had been called upon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When did you see the person who had these things for sale?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Early in December; he was offering them for sale in the public market—according to the appearance of them, I should think there were about sixty or seventy articles—they were laid out on a bench or form—there are stalls there—I am sure they were the identical goods that I afterwards saw at the prisoner's place—I don't think I had ever seen the person before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> We understand a toll is paid to go into the market?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; that goes to the proprietor of the market—everybody pays, whether they go to buy or sell, every day except Sunday—if you go to buy on Sunday you don't pay—that is not the great sale day—there is a great sale every day—thousands of pounds a day, wholesale and retail.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-110" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-110" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>SOLOMON GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am a pickle merchant—I know the market, but I am not a frequenter of it—I have known the prisoner for the last twenty-three years, we were schoolboys together—on 18th December last I lost my wife; it is our practice to keep confined mourning, and on 26th or 27th December the prisoner was with me keeping a convivial meeting.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you happen to know whether or not between 3rd December and the 26th he went over to Boulogne?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know nothing of the sort—I know on 18th December he was at my house—I saw him right up to the morning of 1st January, regularly every day, or nearly every day—I know I saw him during the last week of December—I could not exactly swear to seeing him between the 3rd and the 18th—I saw him nearly every day during the latter part of December.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-111" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-111" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK LEVY</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier—I have known the prisoner twenty years as a respectable man—in December I saw him in the mart as usual—I did not miss him, only for one or two days; perhaps he might be there in December; I don't know—I did not miss him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-112" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-112" type="given" value="JUDAH"/>JUDAH GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed victualler in Middlesex Street, White
<lb/>chapel—I know the mart—I do not frequent it—I saw the prisoner early in December, he came to my house and I lent him 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. till the evening, to buy some goods—I have lent him as much as 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for a fortnight, and he always brought it back—I saw him several times in December—I can't say about missing him—I saw him at my brother's when he lost his wife.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270022"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you take any acceptance for the loan?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, nor any I O U—I did not charge him any percentage—it was early in December that I lent him the 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I can't say the day; he came and said, "I have bought a lot of clothes in the Change; will you lend me 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. till the evening?" and I did—I think it was for the very same things that he is indicted for.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-113" type="surname" value="WOOLF"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-113" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>ISRAEL WOOLF</persName> </hi>. I am a clothier and slop-seller—I know this market—I saw the prisoner there in December—I never missed him for any time, not for two days—to the best of my belief he was there two or three days every week.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you see the policeman Faukes there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I saw him once or' twice; I had no conversation with him—I generally go there three or four times a week.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Several other witnesses deposed to the prisoner's good character</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-114" type="surname" value="FAUKES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-114" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FAUKES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>). I received information about this rob
<lb/>bery—I am daily at the Clothes Exchange, it is my district—I received an intimation from Potts that if I saw the prisoner to bring him to the station—I looked out for him—I did not see him till I saw him in the dock to-day—I was looking out for him after the other persons were in custody charged with the possession of the things—that was about the 6th—he has not a stall there—I had seen him there daily loitering about with clothes, and dealing with other people in the market; I don't know that he had any particular stall—I did not see him after the 6th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you know where he lived?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I never knew, though I have known him these twenty years—I am in the mart every day, Sunday and week-day, and I never saw him; it is very crowded sometimes; he might have been there without my seeing him—I made private inquiries about him, of persons I knew—I can't say that they were persons that he knew.</p>
<rs id="t18680127-164-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-164-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-164-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18680127-164-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-164-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-164-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-164-18680127 t18680127-164-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-165">
<interp inst="t18680127-165" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-165" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-165-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-18680127 t18680127-165-offence-1 t18680127-165-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-165-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-165-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18680127" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18680127" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-165-18680127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WEST</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-165-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-165-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-165-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18680127-165-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-165-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-165-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> to a burglary in the dwellinghouse of
<persName id="t18680127-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-116" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-116" type="given" value="GEORGE AYUGUSTINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-165-offence-1 t18680127-name-116"/>George Augustine Potter</persName>, with intent to steal, having been before convicted of felony.—</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-165-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-165-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-165-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-165-18680127 t18680127-165-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>. </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-166">
<interp inst="t18680127-166" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-166" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-166-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-18680127 t18680127-166-offence-1 t18680127-166-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-166-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-166-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18680127" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18680127" type="surname" value="DOLBY"/>
<interp inst="def1-166-18680127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM DOLBY</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-166-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-166-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-166-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering four orders for the payment of money, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-166-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-166-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-166-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-166-18680127 t18680127-166-punishment-19"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Years' Penal Servitude</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18680127-166-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-166-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-166-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty:See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-167">
<interp inst="t18680127-167" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-167" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-167-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-18680127 t18680127-167-offence-1 t18680127-167-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-167-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-167-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18680127" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18680127" type="surname" value="WICKENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-167-18680127" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN WICKENS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-167-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-167-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-167-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-167-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-167-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-167-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty:See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-167-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-167-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-167-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-167-18680127 t18680127-167-punishment-20"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited</hi>.</rs> And,</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-168">
<interp inst="t18680127-168" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-168" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-168-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-168-18680127 t18680127-168-offence-1 t18680127-168-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-168-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-168-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18680127" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18680127" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-168-18680127" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUGUSTUS MCKENZIE</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-168-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-168-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-168-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to unlawfully breaking glass, value 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of the
<persName id="t18680127-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-120" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-168-offence-1 t18680127-name-120"/>London Clerks' Club Limited.</persName></rs>
<rs id="t18680127-168-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-168-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-168-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty:See original trial image.]</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-168-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-168-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-168-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-168-18680127 t18680127-168-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Four Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-169">
<interp inst="t18680127-169" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-169" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-169-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-18680127 t18680127-169-offence-1 t18680127-169-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-169-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-169-18680127 t18680127-169-offence-1 t18680127-169-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-169-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-169-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18680127" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18680127" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-169-18680127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BROWN</hi> (15)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-169-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-169-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-169-18680127" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def2-169-18680127" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="def2-169-18680127" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD SCOTT</hi> (15)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-169-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-169-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-169-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18680127-169-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-169-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-169-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin twice on the same day.</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-169-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-169-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-169-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-169-18680127 t18680127-169-punishment-22"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-169-18680127 t18680127-169-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years each in Feltham Reformatory</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-170">
<interp inst="t18680127-170" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-170" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-170-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-18680127 t18680127-170-offence-1 t18680127-170-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-170-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-170-18680127 t18680127-170-offence-1 t18680127-170-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-170-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-170-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18680127" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18680127" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-170-18680127" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BRAY</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-170-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-170-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-170-18680127" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-170-18680127" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="def2-170-18680127" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK ANDREWS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-170-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-170-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-170-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270023"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-125" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-125" type="given" value="JOHN ROBERT"/>JOHN ROBERT WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the George public-house, Brook Street, Holborn—on 17th December, about half-past six, Andrews came in for half a pint of porter, which came to a penny—the landlady served him—he tendered a florin, which she gave to me, saying, "I think this is a bad one, John"—I put it in the detector, found it was bad, and handed it back to my mistress, who asked Andrews where he got it; he said, "My mistress paid if to me"—she took away the beer and he walked out—I received the florin back, broke it in half, and afterwards gave the pieces to G 60—on 6th January both the prisoners came in together, I recognised Andrews immediately—Bray called for a pint of half-and-half, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and gave me a florin—I put in the detector, told him it was bad, and called my master, who asked Bray if he knew that it was bad; he said, "No"—I said, "Where did you get it from?"—he said, "Andrews gave it to me, and I am to receive a shilling out of it"—Andrews said, "That is quite right"—I said to Andrews, "I can prove that you have been in previously, and tendered a bad florin"—he said, "I was never in the place before"—I gave them in charge with the second florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Andrews</hi>. I said that I knew well that I was in the house before and gave you a florin, but did not know that it was bad.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. You did not say anything like it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-126" type="surname" value="ROBY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-126" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ROBY</persName> </hi>. I wait in the bar of the Wellington tavern, Brook Street, Holborn—on 1st January the prisoners came in at five o'clock—Bray gave me a florin for a pint of porter—I tried it, gave it back to him, and told him it was bad—I bent it and then straightened it again—Andrews then paid me with 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and they drank the porter together.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Andrews</hi>. I was never in your house.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I am certain you were.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-127" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-127" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES MATTHEWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 60
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). On 1st January I was called to the George public-house, took the prisoners, and received this bad florin and the broken florin from Wilson—they were searched at the station—five sixpences and tenpence halfpenny in copper were found on Andrews, and nothing on Bray,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-128" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Andrews's Defence</hi>. It is not feasible that I should go into the same house a second time with a bad coin within so short a time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Bray's Defence</hi>. I know nothing about the first florin; it was uttered by Andrews, I not being in his company. I met him on New Year's night. I had no work. He offered me a shilling, and we went into the Wellington, where he gave me the florin to change, and take a shilling out of it.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BRAY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-170-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-170-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-170-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-170-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-170-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-170-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-170-18680127 t18680127-170-punishment-23"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREWS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-170-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-170-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-170-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<rs id="t18680127-170-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-170-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-170-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-170-18680127 t18680127-170-punishment-24"/>
<hi rend="italic">Six Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-171">
<interp inst="t18680127-171" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-171" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-171-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-18680127 t18680127-171-offence-1 t18680127-171-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-171-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-171-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-18680127" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-18680127" type="surname" value="PAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-171-18680127" type="given" value="PETER CLARKE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER CLARKE PAKE</hi> (28)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-171-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-171-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-171-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-130" type="surname" value="HASTINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-130" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HASTINGS</persName> </hi>. I assist my sister at the post-office, 57, Duke Street, Manchester Square—on Friday evening, 10th January, the pri
<lb/>soner came in for eight shilling postage-stamps—he gave me two half-crowns and three shillings—one of the half-crowns was bad—I told him so, and he said, "Oh!" and took it up quickly, put it into his purse, gave me a good one, and went out.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270024"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Who else was in the post-office?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My sister, she is not here—the prisoner had been there in the early part of the even
<lb/>ing, but I only caught a glance of him—I did not look at his face, but my sister told me—I have only her word for it—I had not served him before or seen his face—he wore a high hat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-131" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-131" type="given" value="JOHN ADAMS"/>JOHN ADAMS MATTHEWS</persName> </hi>. My master keeps a stationer's shop in Lang
<lb/>ham Place—on 10th January, about 7.30 p.m., the prisoner came in for 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of penny stamps—he gave me two florins and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and went away—I put the money in the stamp drawer, separate from the shop money—there were no other florins there—in about ten minutes he came back, nobody having been in for stamps in the meanwhile that I am aware of, and asked me if I would exchange the 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of stamps for seven shilling stamps, which I did—I had not taken any florins in the meantime—I then went to the till and saw that one of the florins looked bad—I put it to my teeth, found it was soft, and gave it to my master, who put it in a drawer in his room, where there were no other florins—shortly afterwards the prisoner came in a third time for seven shilling postage stamps—he gave me two florins and three shillings—I saw that one of the florins was bad, and said to my employer, in his presence, "This is the third time this man has been in, and he brought me another one"—I went round to the prisoner and said, "This is the third time you have been in, and you have given me two bad florins"—he said, "As the Almighty is my Judge, I have not given you two bad florins"—I said, "I am quite positive you have, and unless you give me your name and address, and tell me where you got them from, we shall have it seen further into"—he at first hesitated, but at last gave his address—a policeman came in two or three minutes after—I accused him—I then asked him again where he got the money, he said that he should be a flat to tell me, and I gave him in custody with the florins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was he the worse for liquor?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe he was quite sober—he did not say, "I should be a flat to have come into your shop and uttered a second florin, knowing it to be bad"—my employer was present when that phrase was used, and I believe he heard it; he is not here—the prisoner did not say that he had been drinking and changed a sovereign or two—my employer had not served in the shop between the first and the third occasion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Will you swear you had not taken a florin between the first and the last time the prisoner came in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-132" type="surname" value="TOOLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TOOLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 169
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). Mr. Matthews gave the prisoner into my custody on 10th January—he asked the prisoner for his name and address, which he wrote down—he then asked where the postage stamps were which he had bought first—he said that he had posted them—Mat
<lb/>thews said, "Why did not you post them at our shop?"—he said, "I thought they would not get there in time, so I posted them down the street"—I examined his hat and found twenty-eight shilling stamps in it—I found on him 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 2 ¾
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and six penny stamps in his waistcoat pocket—I received these two florins (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from Matthews—Matthews asked him to give an account of where he got the money—he said, "I should be a flat to do that."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you hear Matthews say, "You have given me two bad florins?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the prisoner said, "I am a respectable man; I can give you my address"—he did not in my presence say, "As the Almighty is my Judge, I have not"—the employer was the other side of the counter, but said nothing about the florin.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLERIDGE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was it that the employer did say?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He said, "You cannot be a respectable man to give your address there"—he said that he was an upholsterer, and No. 37, Red Lion Square, is a large pen manufactory.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-133" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-133" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These florins are bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-171-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-171-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-171-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-171-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-171-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-171-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-18680127 t18680127-171-punishment-25"/>Nine Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-172">
<interp inst="t18680127-172" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-172" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-172-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-172-18680127 t18680127-172-offence-1 t18680127-172-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-172-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-172-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-18680127" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-18680127" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-172-18680127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BROWN</hi> (14)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-172-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-172-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-172-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-135" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-135" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-135" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Lazarus Alexander, fruiterer, of Holborn—on 27th December, about nine p.m., I served the prisoner with a pennyworth of almonds—he gave me a half-crown—I said, "This is a bad one",—he said, "It is a good one"—I gave it to my employer, who gave him in custody with the coin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-136" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-136" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-136" type="given" value="LAXARUS"/>LAXARUS ALEXANDER</persName> </hi>. I am a fruiterer, of Pitfield Street, Hoxton—on 25th December I received a bad half-crown from the last witness—I told the prisoner that it was bad—he prayed me to let him go, and said that he would not do it any more.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-137" type="surname" value="BRADSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-137" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BRADSHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On 25th December I took the prisoner, and received this coin from Mr. Alexander—he was taken to Worship Street station, remanded, and discharged on the 31st—he gave his name, Joseph Brown, 15, Cat and Mutton Fields—there is such a place, but no such number—I found 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-138" type="surname" value="MAYO"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-138" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA MAYO</persName> </hi>. I am shopwoman to Matilda Mayo, of 160, Old Street—on 3rd January, about half-past Five, I served the prisoner with two ounces of butter, which came to 1¾
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a bad half-crown—I broke a piece out of it directly, and asked him whether he had got any more—he said, "No"—there was a tall man with him, and a woman outside—I gave him in custody with the pieces of the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-139" type="surname" value="KILCOY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-139" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KILCOY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). On 3rd January I took the prisoner; I asked him where he got the coin from—he said, "From a gentleman in the street"—I asked where he lived—he said, 16, Charlotte Street, Shore
<lb/>ditch, but afterwards gave his address at a coffee-shop in Holywell Lane, Shoreditch.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-140" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These half-crowns are bad.</p>
<rs id="t18680127-172-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-172-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-172-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18680127-172-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-172-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-172-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-171-18680127 t18680127-172-punishment-26"/>
<hi rend="italic">Three Years in Feltham Reformatory</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-173">
<interp inst="t18680127-173" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-173" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-173-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-173-18680127 t18680127-173-offence-1 t18680127-173-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-173-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-173-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-173-18680127" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-173-18680127" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="def1-173-18680127" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LOUISA BIRD</hi> (30)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-173-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-173-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-173-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-142" type="surname" value="DEBNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-142" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR DEBNEY</persName> </hi>. I am a baker, of 5, Bride Terrace, Holloway—on 13th January, a little before nine, I heard the prisoner ask my assistant, Ann Gammon, for a half-quartern loaf, which came to 4½
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she tendered her a half-crown, which she brought to me—I bent it and said that it was bad—the prisoner said that she knew where she took it, and would get it changed—I gave it back to her, and she gave me a good one—I followed her—she joined a man and woman, who were waiting outside—she went into some more shops, and then into Miss Keeble's—the two last witnesses remained outside—she came out with a paper bag, and joined the man and woman, and they all three went into the Carved Red Lion, Essex Road—while they were there I got a policeman—they came out, and the prisoner went into Mr. Crate's shop—I followed her in with the policeman, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270026"/>
<p>asked Mr. Crate what money she had tendered—he produced a bad half-crown—I said, "If you do not give the prisoner in charge, I will"—he gave her in charge, and I told him in her presence that she had passed a bad half-crown at my place—she said nothing—the man and woman got away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-143" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-143" type="surname" value="KEEBLE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-143" type="given" value="ANNIE SARAH"/>ANNIE SARAH KEEBLE</persName> </hi>. I keep a milliner's shop in Upper Street, Islington—on 13th January, about nine o'clock at night, the prisoner came and bought a bonnet shape, price 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—she gave me a half-crown—I got change from a gentleman in my parlour, and gave the prisoner 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I saw her pass my shop next morning with a policeman, and recognised her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-144" type="surname" value="OGILVY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-144" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE OGILVY</persName> </hi>. I am a sailor, and live at 8, Clarence Road, Islington—I was in Miss Keeble's parlour, and gave her change for a half-crown—next morning I found it was bad—I had one other half-crown, which was a Victoria one, and I noticed the Imperial standard on this when I gave change—I gave it to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-145" type="surname" value="CARATE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-145" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CARATE</persName> </hi>. My mother keeps a confectioner's shop, at 11, Essex Road, Islington—on 11th January I served the prisoner with sixpenny
<lb/>worth of oranges—she gave me a half-crown—I put it in a bag, where there was no other half-crown, and gave her change—Mr. Debney came in, and in consequence of what he said I looked in the till and found the half-crown was bad—I told the prisoner so—she said that she was very sorry, but she knew where she took it—I gave her in custody with the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-146" type="surname" value="DEFFEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-146" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DEFFEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I went with Debney to Mr. Crate's shop, who gave the prisoner in custody with this bad half-crown—I also received this other bad half-crown from Mr. Ogilvy—I took from the prisoner's pocket a purse containing a half-crown, a sixpence, and two farthings—no loaf or bonnet shape was found on her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-147" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two half-crowns are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence</hi>. I was very tipsy. I did not know the coins were bad.</p>
<rs id="t18680127-173-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-173-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-173-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18680127-173-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-173-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-173-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-173-18680127 t18680127-173-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Twelve Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-174">
<interp inst="t18680127-174" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-174" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-174-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-174-18680127 t18680127-174-offence-1 t18680127-174-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-174-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-174-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-18680127" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-18680127" type="surname" value="BROWNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-174-18680127" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HERBERT BROWNING</hi> (25)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-174-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-174-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-174-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-149" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-149" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-149" type="given" value="LUCT"/>LUCT BARTON</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of George Barton, a tobacconist, of 104, Central Street, St. Luke's—on 30th December, about seven in the evening, I served the prisoner with a cigar, which came to 1½
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a florin—I broke a piece out of it with my teeth, and told him it was bad—he said that it was not, but he would give me another—I sent for a constable, and the prisoner ran away, taking the cigar, but not the change—I had seen him in my shop twice on Christmas Day, and once on Boxing Day, and am sure he is the man, because he was then in a peculiar dress—I afterwards looked in the till, and found I had got some bad half-crowns.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner</hi>. I was never in your shop before.
<hi rend="italic">Witness</hi>. I am sure you are the person.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-150" type="surname" value="ELT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-150" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN ELT</persName> </hi>. On 16th January I was serving in Mr. Watts's shop, a tobacconist, at Hoxton, and the prisoner gave me a bad florin for a cigar, which come to 1½
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I thought it was bad, and gave it to Mr. Watts, my brother-in-law, who tried it in the prisoner's presence—the prisoner then said, "It looks a bad one"—he gave me back the cigar, having no more money, and ran out very quickly, and Mr. Watts after him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did not I refer him to my sister in the Ridley Road?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270027"/>
<p>You said that you lived in the Ridley Road; you did not ask me to walk there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-151" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-151" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WATTS</persName> </hi>. I keep a fancy repository, in Whitmore Street, Hoxton—on 16th January I saw the prisoner in my shop, and Ellen Elt gave me a bad florin, saying that he gave it to her to pay for a cigar—I asked him where he got it—he said that he did not know, and that his name was Saunders or Sanderson, and he lived in Ball's Pond Road—he ran out, and I followed him for three-quarters of an hour, running and walking—he ran down Norfolk Gardens, where two men caught him, and he was taken to the station—I gave the florin to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did not you and I walk together as far as Charles Square?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I said that I wanted satisfaction, and you said you would give it me if I would come to your sister's—you wanted me to knock at a door where you said she lived, but I refused.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-152" type="surname" value="TAGG"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-152" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TAGG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 104
<hi rend="italic">N</hi>). I received the prisoner from Mr. Watts, and this florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I received this other florin from Mrs. Barton—I told the prisoner the charge—he said that he was very sorry, he could not tell where he took it from—next morning he said that he told Mr. Watts that if he went to his sister she would pay him—nothing was found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-153" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/> WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad, and from the same mauld.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi>. I never entered the woman's shop. Had I known the florin was bad, I should not have remained in the shop the time I did, and allow her to call her brother down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-174-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-174-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-174-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-174-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-174-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-174-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-174-18680127 t18680127-174-punishment-28"/>Twelve Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-175">
<interp inst="t18680127-175" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-175" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-175-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-175-18680127 t18680127-175-offence-1 t18680127-175-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-175-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-175-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18680127" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18680127" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-175-18680127" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN ROBERTS</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-175-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-175-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-175-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence. </rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-155" type="surname" value="REVENALL"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-155" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET REVENALL</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Poulterers' Arms, Cheap-side—on Christmas Eve, about five o'clock, I served the prisoner with two-penny worth of rum—he then asked me to make it three-halfpennyworth, and gave me a good half-sovereign—I gave him three half-crowns, a florin, and 4½
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., all good—he remained in the bar a few minutes, and then asked me to give him some smaller change for one of the half-crowns; I said that I had not got it—Mr. Evans, my master, gave him change for one of them, which was put down on the counter, and Mr. Evans said, "I cannot take that, it is bad"—a Mr. Perkins, who was standing at the bar, looked at it and said, "I will give you a good half-crown for that, that is good enough," and gave the prisoner a good one for it and he left—on 9th January he came in again about a quarter-past five for twopenny worth of rum; Mr. Evans served him and showed me a bad shilling—I said, "This is the same man who came in on Christmas Eve and passed a bad half-crown to Mr. Perkins"—the pri
<lb/>soner said nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where did you take the change from?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From the till; I am certain it was good—Mr. Evans assisted in the bar—Mr. Perkins does not, he is a customer—a very brisk trade is done there, and it is impossible to remember every person who enters—the man I believe to be the prisoner was a stranger to me up to Christmas Eve—I did not see him between then and 9th January.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you recognise him directly you saw him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270028"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-156" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PERKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a packing-case maker, of 22, Bartholomew Close—I was is Mr. Evans's house on Christmas Eve and saw the prisoner there—I have heard what the last witness has said, it is correct—I took up the half-crown and thought it was good—I handed it back to the prisoner, who had three half-crowns in his right hand, and that made four—he took it in his left hand, and said "Do not you believe that is a good one?"—I said, "I do," and gave him a good half-crown for it, and put it in my pocket, with eleven shillings—he went out about a minute afterwards—about three minutes after he had gone I found it was bad, and showed it to Mr. Evans—I locked it up and afterwards gave it to a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Are you quite certain he is the man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-157" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM LAKE"/>WILLIAM LAKE EVANS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Poulterers' Arms—I was in my bar on Christmas Eve about five o'clock, and somebody, who I believe to be the prisoner, asked for change for a half-crown—he had asked three or four times, and I got it for him, as we were very busy—he wanted small money, I said that we had none, he said that coppers would do—I gave him coppers—I saw that his half-crown was bad before I touched it, and said, "No, not for that"—Mr. Perkins said, "Let me look at it," and the prisoner handed him, I believe, a good one—I did not notice any other half-crowns in the prisoner's hand at that time—Mr. Perkins said that it was good; the prisoner asked for it back and received it; I said, "I shall not take it"—Mr. Perkins then gave him a half-crown for it, and he walked away directly—I am in the habit of packing up a certain quantity of silver in the till and putting it away—I saw my barmaid take change from a packet of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which my wife had made up that morning, and give it to the prisoner—I had got that silver from the Bank of England, as I do every day, 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth—I handed it to Mrs. Evans, and was there when she made it up—on 9th January I was in the bar when the prisoner came in—I served him, and he gave me a bad shilling—I did not touch it—I told him it was bad, and the barmaid said, "That is the man who came on Christ
<lb/>mas eve and gave Perkins a bad half-crown"—the prisoner said he did not know it, and put a shilling on the counter, which was returned to him—I gave him in charge with the shilling.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-158" type="surname" value="HOLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-158" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES HOLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 593). I took the prisoner on 4th January, and received this shilling—I found on him a half-crown and 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. good money—he gave an address, which I found to be correct.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you ascertain that he had recently been em
<lb/>ployed by Mr. Harvey?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, up to 4th December.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-159" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-159" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown and shilling are bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate:—</hi>"I am innocent of the half-crown, but I gave the shilling, and did not know it was bad."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi>.</p>
<rs id="t18680127-175-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-175-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-175-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>of uttering the shilling only,</rs>
<rs id="t18680127-175-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-175-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-175-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-175-18680127 t18680127-175-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-176">
<interp inst="t18680127-176" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-176" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-176-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-176-18680127 t18680127-176-offence-1 t18680127-176-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-176-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-176-18680127 t18680127-176-offence-1 t18680127-176-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-176-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-176-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-18680127" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-18680127" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="def1-176-18680127" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHRISTOPHER ROSS</hi> (19)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-176-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-176-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-176-18680127" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-176-18680127" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="def2-176-18680127" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY ROSS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-176-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-176-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-176-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully having counterfeit coin in their possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-162" type="surname" value="BROYER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-162" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BROYER</persName> </hi>. I am employed by Mr. Clack son, a draper, of Maryle
<lb/>bone—on 4th January, between five and six o'clock, I served the prisoner Emily with a scarf; she first asked for some garters, and then for some falls, she then bought a scarf, which came to 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 0¾
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a half-crown, which I handed to Mr. Clackson, and he went into the chemist's—she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270029"/>
<p>left while he was gone—the prisoner Christopher came in in about tea minutes, and took a bag out of his pocket, but I did not see what was in it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Are you certain it was the male prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Quite—he was not there when the scarf was paid for—the female prisoner said that she did not know the money was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When did she say so?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> When Mr. Clackson returned to the shop—I have made a mistake, she did not leave the shop till about three minutes after he returned; he gave it to her outside the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-163" type="surname" value="CLACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-163" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CLACKSON</persName> </hi>. I am a draper, of Hanover Place—on 4th January the last witness handed me a half-crown—I went up into the shop, and found the female prisoner—I told her it was bad, but to be certain I went to a chemist's next door, and had some acid put on it—she said that she would return it to her husband—I was away about three minutes—when I came back I met her about half-way between my door and the chemist's, coming from my shop—I told her it was bad, gave it to her, and she went away towards Park Place; I went into my shop, a constable spoke to me, and she was brought back with the male prisoner, whom I had not seen before—he produced a bag, I saw the contents emptied at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you hear the female prisoner say that she did not know it was bad?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, that was not the reason I went to the chemist's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-164" type="surname" value="BELLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-164" type="given" value="AARON"/>AARON BELLINGHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">D</hi>). On 24th January, about five o'clock, I saw the prisoners together, and followed them into Boston Street, where the female went into No. 30, a little grocer's shop, and came out again and joined him—she afterwards went into Mr. Clackson's shop, while the man walked up and down on the opposite side—she came out and joined him, and they went down Park Street together—I followed them into New Street, took them into custody, and took them back to the shop—I was in police clothes, and the man said, "Here is the half-crown, I know you, and I know it is bad," taking it from his pocket and handing it to me—here is a mark on it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I showed it to Mr. Clackson—the male prisoner had his hand in his left-hand pocket; and said, "I cannot have it in this pocket, it would drop through, as there is a hole," and gave it to me—I took them both to Mr. Clackson's shop, and took from the man mine half-crowns and a florin, wrapped up in separate pieces of newspaper, a good sixpence, and three halfpence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you go to their lodging?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, 8, Wynd
<lb/>ham Street, they live there as man and wife; I have no reason to believe they are married—they go by the name of Mr. and Mrs. Ross, and are reputed in the house to be married.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-165" type="surname" value="CLARKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-165" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CLARKSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This marked half-crown is the one I took into the chemist's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-166" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-166" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This marked half-crown is bad, and the one uttered is bad, this separate one is bad also; these nine half-crowns and one florin are bad; six are from one mould, and three from the mould of the second half-crown—this florin is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoners' Statements before the Magistrate:—Christopher Ross</hi> says, "The female prisoner has nothing to do with it. I picked up the bag full of coins, and picked out one I thought was good, and gave it to her to buy a scarf."
<hi rend="italic">Emily Ross</hi> says, "I am innocent.";</p>
<hi rend="italic">William Henry Irving, a fitter, of White Lion Street, gave the male prisoner</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270030"/>
<hi rend="italic">a good character, but Joseph Smith, warder of Cold Bath Fields, deposed that he had been six times convicted of larcenies and unlawful possession</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHRISTOPHER ROSS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-176-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-176-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-176-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-176-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-176-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-176-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-176-18680127 t18680127-176-punishment-30"/>Fifteen Months' Imprisonment</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY ROSS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-176-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-176-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-176-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Willes</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-177">
<interp inst="t18680127-177" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-177" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-177-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-18680127 t18680127-177-offence-1 t18680127-177-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-177-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-177-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-18680127" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-18680127" type="surname" value="CLINCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-177-18680127" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CLINCH</hi> (14)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-177-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-177-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-177-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for feloniously shooting at
<persName id="t18680127-name-168" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-168" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-168" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-177-offence-1 t18680127-name-168"/>Henry Jackson</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-169" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-169" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I live at Thames Ditton, and am a lighterman—on Tuesday morning, 21st January, I was in charge of a barge towing through Kew Bridge attached to another barge ahead of me—I saw the prisoner and another boy in a small boat, which they had stolen away; they had no sculls, and had broken a board in halves to paddle with—I heard the man the boat belonged to hallooing to them to bring it back—they tried to make fast the boat to the first barge, the man would not let them, and they made fast to mine, at the forepart; I told them to bring the boat to the stern, as it was easier for the horses to tow—the prisoner was saucy, and said, "You old——, I shall tow where I like"—I said, as he was say, he should not tow at all—he had attached the boat to the painter, I got a broom to let it go—the prisoner said, "If you let the head go, you old——, I will blow your brains out," and he took up a gun as he sat in the boat—I did let her go, and he said, "Let me get a little further off, and you shall have it"—I left the spot, and went towards the cabin, and as I was going down the cabin ladder he fired at me; one shot struck me above the nose, one under the nostril, one under the thumb, and one on the lip.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did they bleed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The one on the lip did—there was a pretty strong stream that day—I suffered very trifling pain.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">here stated that he could not resist a verdict of unlawfully wounding</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-177-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-177-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-177-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18680127-177-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-177-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-177-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-177-18680127 t18680127-177-punishment-31"/>The father of the prisoner entered into recognisances for his appearance to receive judgment, if called upon</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-178">
<interp inst="t18680127-178" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-178" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-178-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-178-18680127 t18680127-178-offence-1 t18680127-178-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-178-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-178-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-178-18680127" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-178-18680127" type="surname" value="CONNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-178-18680127" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CONNING</hi> (23)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18680127-178-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-178-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-178-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for that, he being a British subject, feloniously did kill and slay
<persName id="t18680127-name-171" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-171" type="surname" value="WHERE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-178-offence-1 t18680127-name-171"/>John Where</persName> in a certain foreign port, viz. Fayal, one of the Azores.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEASLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-172" type="surname" value="LEPRELLI"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-172" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LEPRELLI</persName> </hi>. I am master of the schooner
<hi rend="italic">Wave</hi>, of Guernsey, now lying at Gravesend—on 3rd November last I was with my schooner at Fayal, one of the Azores, belonging to the kingdom of Portugal—Mr. Dart is the British Vice-Consul there—I received the prisoner from him to bring to this country, and give him in charge to a police officer here—I brought him here, and handed him over to a police officer—we arrived here on 28th November—the ship
<hi rend="italic">Fredonia</hi> was not at Fayal when I left; she had sailed before I arrived there—on the voyage home I had some conversation with the prisoner about what had taken place on board the
<hi rend="italic">Fredonia</hi>—he told me that the deceased had been on shore that day, and came on board in the evening the worse for liquor, and said a few words</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270031"/>
<p>to him; that he (prisoner) told him he thought he was very drunk; that they had a quarrel, and the deceased drew a knife at him; that he told him he wished he would leave him alone; after that they went to bed, that about ten o'clock they had another quarrel; that the deceased got him in the corner of the forecastle, and made two or three attempts to stab him; that he
<hi rend="italic">fended</hi> the knife off two or three times with his hand, and he drew his own knife and stabbed the deceased, who fell on the side of his berth, went on deck, fell down, and died—he told me this, not all at once, a little at one time and a little at another—he said the
<hi rend="italic">Fredonia</hi> was bound from Fayal to Boston—he mentioned this to me two or three times; it was always the same account—he said that he had no intention to do him any harm whatever, but he found he was obliged to in order to save his own life—I have been back to Fayal again since this—I was there at Christmas, and left; on 6th January—the
<hi rend="italic">Fredonia</hi> was not there then, and they had not heard of her arrival at Boston—I brought over some papers, which I transmitted to the Board of Trade; they were given to me by Mr. Dart, the Vice-Consul, at the same time that I received the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where was the prisoner when this conversation took place with you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On deck—he was allowed the range of the deck—he was twenty-six days under my care—I have been a sailor all my life—he appeared to be a very quiet inoffensive man, that was the impression he made upon me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-173" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-173" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-173" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>MAURICE WALSH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 730). The prisoner was given into my custody by the last witness on 28th November—I took him on board the
<hi rend="italic">Wave</hi>, of London—I told him he was charged with the murder of John Wyers, at Fayal—he said, "I did it in self-defence"—he afterwards said that the deceased and another man went on shore, they returned in the evening, having taken some drink—he said, "The deceased quarrelled with me, followed me about the deck, and in the forecastle attempted to stab me three times with a knife, and then I drew my knife and stabbed him."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> "To save my own life," were not those his words?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, he added that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-174" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-174" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the office of the Registrar-General for Seamen, Adelaide Place, London Bridge—that is a department of the Board of Trade—I produce some depositions, which purport to be signed by the British Vice-Consul at Fayal—I also produce the certificate of the registration of the
<hi rend="italic">Fredonia</hi>—it is an official copy of the register—she is a sailing vessel—she has never been to this country—I have searched for the purpose of ascertaining—her official number is 43, 020.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The depositions were put in and read, by virtue of the provisions of</hi> 17 & 18
<hi rend="italic">Viet., c</hi>. 104,
<hi rend="italic">sec</hi>. 270.
<hi rend="italic">They contained the statements of Edmund Burke, master of the</hi> Fredonia;
<hi rend="italic">Jacob I. Davis, mate; David Clark and William Thompson, seamen; Antonio Joaquim day Silva, Custom-House guard; and Samuel W. Dabney; and purported to be taken in presence of the accused by the British Vice-Consul. In substance they were to the same effect as the statement made by the prisoner to Mr. Leprelli, with the addition of threats made use of by the deceased, and the statement of the mate and seamen that the prisoner always appeared to be of a good and quiet disposition, and was liked by all the ship's company</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Lord Mayor was read as follows:—</hi> "We had a row about our suppers. He came on board drunk, but not so drunk as not to know what he was about. He knocked me down and hit</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270032"/>
<p>me on the chest, and he had his knife out, and I was obliged to use mine in self-defence, as I have said."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-178-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-178-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-178-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-179">
<interp inst="t18680127-179" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-179" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-179-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-179-18680127 t18680127-179-offence-1 t18680127-179-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-179-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-179-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-18680127" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-18680127" type="surname" value="BLACKWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-179-18680127" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">STEPHEN BLACKWELL</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-179-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-179-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-179-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying John Dorey on the high seas.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> J. C. H.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FLOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-176" type="surname" value="MCGILL"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-176" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MCGILL</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman on board the
<hi rend="italic">Oriana</hi>, now lying in St. Katherine's Dock—we arrived there last Friday—on the 12th instant I was officer of the watch—at four o'clock in the morning I struck the bell, and a Frenchman who was on board called the watch—William Dorey, the deceased, was then at the wheel—he was relieved—I heard him call the prisoner, and say, "Go on deck, you b——"—the prisoner said he would go on deck when he was ready—Dorey replied, "Go on deck, you b——son of a b——"—the prisoner gave Dorey a shove; with that Dorey stripped off his oilskin and his monkey jacket, and made a breach towards the prisoner, made a rush at him, and seized him by the throat—I did not hear any more—I heard the prisoner struggle—Dorey was strangling him with his hands round his throat—I then heard a rush of blood against the "paulbit," which is the thing the windlass runs round—I did not see it, because there was no light in the forecastle, only the light of the "bogey"—I heard Dorey say to me,
<hi rend="italic">"Ned</hi>, I am stabbed"—I jumped up from the seat, and went towards them, and saw the prisoner with a knife in his hand—I took it out of his hand, and ran aft to tell the captain—Dorey had no knife in his hand at the time—he had not one belonging to him—he only lived fifteen minutes after this—he was stabbed on the left side, by the groin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You did not see him stabbed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—by strangling, I mean Dorey was choking the prisoner—I signed my depositions before the Magistrate. (
<hi rend="italic">The witness's deposition, being read did not contain that statement</hi>.)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-177" type="surname" value="COLLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-177" type="given" value="JOHN LOUIS"/>JOHN LOUIS COLLETT</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman belonging to the shop
<hi rend="italic">Oriana</hi>—I was on board on the 12th January—about four o'clock that morning there was a dispute between Dorey and the prisoner—it was a very short quarrel—I prevented Dorey from rushing on the prisoner, and took him by the neck, but Dorey seized the prisoner by the neck, and held him there, and at that moment it was he gave the blow—I can't say whether he had the knife in his hand when I approached Dorey to prevent him fighting—I saw it the instant he gave the blow—he struck the deceased in the groin—I saw the last witness take the knife from the prisoner's hand—after the blow was struck I heard Dorey say, "He has a knife; he has a knife"—he fell perhaps in three or four minutes afterwards—I had been on board with Dorey and the prisoner a month—I never heard any quarrelling with them before, they seemed always on good terms—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the knife—the prisoner seemed to regret it very much, and did everything he could to help stop the blood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-178" type="surname" value="MCGILL"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-178" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MCGILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This is the knife that the prisoner used, and which I took from him—it belongs to me—I used to lend it to him for the watch—on deck we only had one knife between three of us—I know that Dorey had no knife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi> J. L.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLLETT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You appear to have said before the Magistrate that you thought the blow was an accident?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; to the best of my belief I think it was, because the quarrel was so momentary, and I think the prisoner had the knife in his hand at the time—he was in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270033"/>
<p>the habit of carrying it in his pocket—he might have had it in his hand to use, but I am not certain about that—Dorey had the prisoner by the neck, and the blow was given in this manner (
<hi rend="italic">striking downwards</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-179" type="surname" value="EALES"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-179" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM EALES</persName> </hi>. I am captain of the
<hi rend="italic">Oriana</hi>—on the 12th instant, at four in the morning, I received this knife from McGill—there was blood on the top of it—it is in the same state now, with the exception of the blood then being wet—at the time this occurred we were about half of our passage home from the West Indies, on the high seas.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-180" type="surname" value="WHATMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WHATMORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 198
<hi rend="italic">H</hi>). About half-past two on the 25th I went to the ship, and saw the captain—the prisoner was present—I asked what was the matter—the prisoner said he had a quarrel with a seaman in the forecastle at sea, and he stabbed him and killed him, that he was very sorry for what he had done, and he wished to give himself up—he said the man took him by the throat, and nearly strangled him, and he stabbed him, as he had the knife in his hand, going to place it in his belt—he did not say it was not done intentionally.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Look at your deposition, and read it carefully?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I beg your pardon, he did say so; I recollect it now—the vessel was coming in dock as I went on board—I received this knife from the captain.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>:—"I did not draw the knife on him. I was just going to put it in my belt when he seized me by the throat."</p>
<rs id="t18680127-179-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-179-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-179-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18680127-179-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-179-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-179-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-179-18680127 t18680127-179-punishment-32"/>
<hi rend="italic">Nine Months' Imprisonment</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1868.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Mellor</hi>.</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-180">
<interp inst="t18680127-180" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-180" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-180-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-180-18680127 t18680127-180-offence-1 t18680127-180-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-180-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-180-18680127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-18680127" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-18680127" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-180-18680127" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHRISTOPHER HOTHAM</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-180-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-180-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-180-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Rape on
<persName id="t18680127-name-182" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-182" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-182" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-182" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18680127-180-offence-1 t18680127-name-182"/>Eliza Smith</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. J. C. H. FLOOD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. WILLIAMS</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18680127-180-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-180-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-180-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18680127-181">
<interp inst="t18680127-181" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18680127"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-181" type="date" value="18680127"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18680127-181-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-181-18680127 t18680127-181-offence-1 t18680127-181-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-181-18680127" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-181-18680127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-181-18680127" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-181-18680127" type="surname" value="COLLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-181-18680127" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA COLLEY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18680127-181-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18680127-181-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-181-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/>, For the willful murder of her infant child.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PLATT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-184" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-184" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, of Green Hill, Harrow—on January 1st, about 9.30, I was going with a team of horses and a load of manure into a field at Green Hill, and saw something lying on the green sward by the side of the lane, which I thought was a bundle of clothes—I touched it with the butt-end of my whip, turned the wrapper over, and found it was an infant—I picked it up and took it to my master—it was dead—I took it to the station and gave it to a policeman—I afterwards went down the lane again with another load of manure, and at the same place, just where the child's mouth had been, I picked up something like a sugar teat—the lane leads into fields, and this spot was 400 yards from the road—one end of the lane, leads into the road—the child was dressed in a large bedgown with a wrapper over it, a sort of stuff thing something like linsey—I examined nothing—it was a frosty morning, very cold—it was New Year's Day—the child was entirely covered—I could see nothing of it—I had to pull the things back before I could see what it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is it a thoroughfare for carts and vehicles?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is only a thoroughfare for the farmers' carts to pass through—there is a beaten track for the farmers to go down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-185" type="surname" value="STRANGE"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-185" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES STRANGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 245
<hi rend="italic">X</hi>). I received the child at the station</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270034"/>
<p>—it was left there till the doctor came—I produce a brown linsey skirt, which was wrapped over the child, a long night-gown, and a roller—the child was wrapped up completely in them—the head was wrapped up when it was brought there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What do you call the articles?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A linsey skirt of a dress, a roller, a child's shirt, and a napkin—there was no cap.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-186" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-186" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-186" type="surname" value="COLLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-186" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA COLLEY</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's sister, and lived with her at 7, Stock Orchard Terrace, Caledonian Road—she is a single woman, and is nearly twenty-one—we both worked together at needlework—she was an inmate of Islington workhouse from 13th to 30th December, for the purpose of being confined—I knew she was pregnant—we live by our
<lb/>selves, our parents are in the country—she came back to my place on the 30th, with a female infant, which appeared about a fortnight old—she stated to me that the child was hers—she stopped with me that night, and left next day about 3.30, taking the baby with her—she had told me the previous day that she was going to take it to the Hornsey Asylum to place it there—I said, "We will try and get it into the Foundling"—she said no, it was not necessary, she was going to place it in the Hornsey Asylum, and was going to take it there the following day—(my father had been to London, and he was very much put out about it)—she left with the infant, and returned to my place at half-past eight, and said that she had got her baby admitted at the Hornsey Asylum, that she found it required a cloak, and she took it in a check shawl, and while the gentlemen were consult
<lb/>ing, she made a cloak from the under skirt which she had on—she then sat down by the fire and had some refreshment, and shortly after that she went to bed in the other room, and I went too—that was December 31st—I said, "You appear dull; do you feel parting with your baby?"—she said, "I do feel low-spirited, but I know it has gone to a good home"—I saw the body of a child on the 6th, which I believe was my sister's—when she brought the child to me I looked at it and said that there was a mother's mark on the back of its head—I mean a redness—I did not see any mark over the nose—I saw it at Harrow, but could not see the mark then, because it was in the shell—I saw it in the coffin undressed, and looked at the back of the head to see if I saw the mark, but there was not any mark—I saw some clothes at the Harrow Police-station, which were the child's, as far as I can tell—I made this roller myself—that is what is wrapped round the body, it is crochet work.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is she a very nervous person?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, so much so that she is subject to fainting fits, and hysterical too—I speak to the clothes to the best of my belief; they are not marked.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-187" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-187" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN REYNOLDS</persName> </hi>. I am a nurse at Islington Workhouse—the pri
<lb/>soner was admitted there on 15th December—she was then actually in labour, and was confined about four hours afterwards of a female child—she remained under my care till 26th December, and then moved into another part of the union—I did notice any particular marks about the child.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-188" type="surname" value="ODELL"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-188" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ODELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector Y</hi>). From information I received, I went to 7, Stock Orchard Terrace, on Sunday evening, January 5, and found the prisoner there—I asked her if her name was Eliza Condor—she said, "No, Eliza Colley"—she was up stairs, I called her down, and she came down into the passage with her sister; Mrs. Noons was also there—I said, "I understand you have been in Islington Workhouse and confined there"—she said, "Yes"—I said, "When did you leave?"—she said,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186801270035"/>
<p>"Last Monday"—I said, "What have you done with the child?"—she said, "I shall not tell"—I said, "You must tell me where the child is, or you will get yourself into trouble."
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that this was a threat to the prisoner which would exclude the rest of the conversation</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PLATT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that the threat or promise must be made by a person having influence or authority. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">having consulted</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE WILLES</hi>)
<hi rend="italic">considered that this was a threat made by a person in authority, namely, an inspector of police, and the statement must therefore be excluded</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18680127-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18680127-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-189" type="surname" value="HEWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18680127-name-189" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HEWLETT</persName> </hi>, M.D. I live in the Harrow Road—on 1st January I examined the body of a female infant at the Harrow Station—it was about three weeks old and was quite dead and cold—I made a
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> examination next day; there were no external marks of violence, but I noticed a discoloration just above the nose, and at the back of the head—with the exception of evidence of thrush in the mouth and throat, the child appeared to be fairly well nourished—there was slight congestion of the lungs and intestines, the remaining organs were apparently healthy, the heart was contracted on the left side, and the right side contained no blood—in my opinion thrush was not sufficiently developed to be the cause of death—the effect of the exposure of an infant on a frosty morning in January would depend upon the time it was exposed, and upon the conditions in which the child had been previously placed as to its having had food some hours before—if it had been there all night with the temperature at a low freezing-point, and without food, I think the effect would be fatal—I came to the conclusion that it had not been fed for some hours, because the stomach was empty—if the child was exposed the whole night in that condition as to food, that would in my judgment be likely to have caused its death—the congestion would be sufficiently accounted for by the exposure—I believe the state of the heart was caused by the exposure—from the
<hi rend="italic">post-mortem</hi> exami
<lb/>nation alone I could not say that the child died from exposure, but the appearances were all consistent with death from exposure—I should not be able to come to the conclusion that it died from exposure without knowing how long it had been exposed, but knowing that it had been exposed all night, I came to the conclusion that that was the cause of death—its having thrush would render it more susceptible of the influence of cold.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Does the existence of thrush show imperfect nourishment?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—it generally results from manual treatment—I have heard that the mother is subject to fainting fits—if they came on suddenly, going along a road, they would be likely to deprive her altogether of the power to do anything, supposing the faintness was complete.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Would the fact of the child having thrush, render it difficult to be fed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The soreness would render it more difficult for the child to swallow than if it had not got thrush; the very act of sucking would be painful—the mortality is greater among children fed on bread and milk than among those fed on their mothers' milk—children often die from being deprived of their mothers' milk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PLATT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">EMMA COLLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Can you tell me what wages your sister earned in a week?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> We earned between us from 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, but we often received money from home from our father.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">