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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18670128">
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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>GABRIEL, MAYOR.</p>
<p>FOURTH SESSION, HELD JANUARY 28TH, 1867.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>
<persName id="t18670128-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-1" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-1" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER</persName>,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89,
<persName id="t18670128-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-2" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-2" type="given" value="CHANCERY"/>CHANCERY LANE</persName>.</p>
<p>THE POINTS OF LAW AND PRACTICE</p>
<p>REVISED AND EDITED BY</p>
<p>EDWARD T. E. BESLEY, ESQ.,</p>
<p>OF THE MIDDLE TEMPLE, BARRISTER-AT-LAW.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>BUTTERWORTHS, 7, FLEET STREET,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, January 28th, 1867, and following days,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-3" type="surname" value="GABRIEL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-3" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GABRIEL</persName>, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-4" type="surname" value="BLACKBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-4" type="given" value="COLIN"/>COLIN BLACKBURN</persName> </hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Queen's Bench; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENKY SINGER KEATING</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-5" type="surname" value="MOON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-5" type="given" value="FRANCIS GRAHAM"/>FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</persName> </hi>, F.S.A., Bart., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-6" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-6" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARTER</persName> </hi>, Esq., F.A.S. and F.R.A.S., Aldermen of the said City; The Right Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-7" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-7" type="given" value="RUSSELL"/>RUSSELL GURNEY</persName> </hi>, Q.C., M.P., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM FERNELEY ALLEN</hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-8" type="surname" value="DAKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-8" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-9" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-9" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BESLEY</persName> </hi>, Esq., and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-10" type="surname" value="COTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES RICHMOND"/>WILLIAM JAMES RICHMOND COTTON</persName> </hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-11" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-11" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Esq., Q.C., M.P., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-12" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-12" type="given" value="ROBERT MALCOLM"/>ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</persName> </hi>, Esq., LL.D., Judge of the Sheriffs Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-13" type="surname" value="WATERLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-13" type="given" value="SIDNEY HEDLEY"/>SIDNEY HEDLEY WATERLOW</persName> </hi>, Esq., Alderman</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-14" type="surname" value="LYCETT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-14" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS LYCETT</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-15" type="surname" value="CROSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-15" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER CROSLEY</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-16" type="surname" value="JERSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-16" type="given" value="HENRY DE"/>HENRY DE JERSEY</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GABRIEL, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>195.
<persName id="def1-195-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-195-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-18670128" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-18670128" type="surname" value="CUTHBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-195-18670128" type="given" value="THOMAS CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CHARLES CUTHBERT</hi> (33)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-195-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-195-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-195-18670128" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def2-195-18670128" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-195-18670128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY BROWN</hi> (36)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-195-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-195-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-195-18670128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def3-195-18670128" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="def3-195-18670128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NEWMAN</hi> (26)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18670128-195-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-195-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-195-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> stealing on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-195-offence-1 t18670128-cd-1"/>13th of October</rs> twenty-four yards of silk and twelve yards of satin of
<persName id="t18670128-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-20" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-20" type="given" value="SHERBROOK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-195-offence-1 t18670128-name-20"/>Sherbrook Taylor</persName> and another. Two other Counts for stealing other silk on other days, and three other Counts for feloniously receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in opening the case for the prosecution, stated that the Counts upon which he should rely would be those for receiving.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">After the examination of the first witness</hi>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">on behalf of Newman, took objection to the form of the indictment. The Counts for receiving did not allege that the goods received were the same as the goods charged to have been stolen; and as the Act of Parliament only permitted Counts for stealing and receiving to be joined in the one indictment, where that was the pose he submitted that it was a bad indictment, and must be quashed.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that it was not a material averment that the goods should be the same, and referred to Reg, v. Knowlden, 9 Cox's Criminal Cases. He also submitted that if the Counts were bad for duplicity, all the Court could do would be to put the prosecutor to his election.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE RECORDER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">I am sorry to say I think this objection must prevail. I am very unwilling to stop a case unless I feel clearly that the objection is a good one. This case is perfectly distinguishable from that just cited by Mr. Besley, because there the qualification was this:—The rule in criminal pleading is, that where there is a general jurisdiction, and the qualification is subsequently put upon that, it is not necessary to enter the qualification on the record. Here, the authority to proceed in the way they have proceeded is given by statute; then it must appear that the statute has been complied with, and that the case comes within the provisions of the statute. By the statute it is</hi> </p>
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<p>
<hi rend="italic">provided that they shall be at liberty to unite these Counts in the way in which they have been united here, when they are the same goods which are both stolen and received. But that is not stated here. Therefore it seems to me that this statute would not assist the prosecution. I was disposed to think at first that the only effect of that would be that under the old law I should, put the prosecutor to his election, whether he would proceed upon the, Counts for stealing or the Counts for receiving, because informer times that was the course pursued; it was only said it was irregular to unite the Counts, and the Judges held they must elect upon which they would proceed; but I have looked at the 11 and 12 Vict., where power is given to unite together in the same indictment Counts for stealing and receiving, and I find in the preamble a sort of decal
<lb/>ratory statement: "Whereas, according to the present practice of Courts of Criminal Jurisdiction it is not permitted in an indictment for stealingproperty to add a Count for receiving the same, or in an indictment for receiving to add. a Count for stealing the same property." Therefore the Legislature have declared that it cannot be done except under a power given by the subsequent Acts, and this case not being brought within those subsequent Acts, I must act upon that, and hold that the indictment is bad, and cannot be proceeded upon.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Jury were directed to find the prisoners
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-195-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-195-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-195-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi> on the Counts for stealing, and the Counts for receiving were quashed.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Afresh indictment was subsequently preferred and found by the Grand Jury, the trial of which was postponed to the next Session.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>:—</p> </div1>
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<p>196.
<persName id="def1-196-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-196-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-196-18670128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-196-18670128" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-196-18670128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES GREEN</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-196-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-196-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-196-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing a watch of
<persName id="t18670128-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-22" type="surname" value="SUHANI"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-22" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-196-offence-1 t18670128-name-22"/>Joseph Suhani</persName> from his person, having been before convicted.**—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-196-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-196-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-196-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-196-18670128 t18670128-196-punishment-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-196-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-196-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-196-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>197.
<persName id="def1-197-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-197-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-197-18670128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-197-18670128" type="surname" value="PAGET"/>
<interp inst="def1-197-18670128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN PAGET</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-197-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-197-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-197-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing 24lb. of leather of
<persName id="t18670128-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-24" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-24" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-197-offence-1 t18670128-name-24"/>William Morley</persName>, having been before convicted.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-197-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-197-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-197-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-197-18670128 t18670128-197-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Eighteen Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-197-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-197-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-197-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18670128-198" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-198" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-198-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-198-18670128 t18670128-198-offence-1 t18670128-198-verdict-1"/>
<p>198.
<persName id="def1-198-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-198-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-198-18670128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-198-18670128" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-198-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WILSON</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-198-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-198-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-198-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a rug of
<persName id="t18670128-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-26" type="surname" value="LANFEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-26" type="given" value="FREDERICK JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-198-offence-1 t18670128-name-26"/>Frederick John Lanfear</persName>.**—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-198-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-198-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-198-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-198-18670128 t18670128-198-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-198-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-198-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-198-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi>, 28
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18670128-199" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-199" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-199-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-199-18670128 t18670128-199-offence-1 t18670128-199-verdict-1"/>
<p>199.
<persName id="def1-199-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-199-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-199-18670128" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-199-18670128" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-199-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE RANDALL</hi> (17)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-199-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-199-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-199-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for unlawfully having counterfeit coin, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-28" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-28" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COOPER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Cooper, a pork butcher, of 25, Newgate Street—on the 5th of January a man named Davis (
<hi rend="italic">See next case</hi>) came in for 1lb. of sausages, which came to 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., he gave me a shilling—I put it between my teeth and found it bad—he took it out of my hand and gave me a good one—I gave him 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the shilling; the prisoner showed it to me afterwards, with the sausages.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-29" type="surname" value="GREASBY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-29" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY GREASBY</persName> </hi>. I am a cart minder, of Giltspur Street—on the 5th of I January, about seven A.M., I was in Newgate Street, outside Mr. Cooper's I shop, and saw the prisoner and Davis—I had received information, and spoke to a constable—we followed them down Skinner Street, and stopped them in Farringdon Street—Lammas stopped Davis, searched him, and pulled out a paper containing florins, which he handed to me—I said that I they were bad, and gave them back to Lammas—I saw another paper I with a shilling at the top, but ho did not give that to me—Randall was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280005"/>
<p>searched at the station, but nothing more was found—as Davis took his boots off, a shilling fell out by my feet—Randall said, "I picked up the money in the street."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-30" type="surname" value="LAMMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-30" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LAMMAS</persName> </hi> (321
<hi rend="italic">City</hi>). I followed the prisoners with Greasby from Newgate Street to Farringdon Street—they were in conversation—I took Randall by the arm and asked him what he had—he said, "Nothing; what do you stop me in die public streets for?"—I said, "You are in. possession of counterfeit coin"—he said, "I have none"—he was going to put his hand in his pocket, but I took from his hand four florins wrapped in tissue paper, and five shillings in another paper, bad money—I got him to the station with great difficulty, and Greasby took Davis—I found a pound of sausages in Davis's hand, and a good sixpence in his pocket—I told him to take his boots off, and this bad shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) rolled out of one of them—I showed it to Cooper, with the sausages, and he recognised them—Randall refused his address, Davis gave his at a lodging-house in Kent Street, Borough—Randall then said, "Oh! I live with him; I sleep with him."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-31" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to her Majesty's Mint—these shillings are all bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I picked them up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-199-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-199-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-199-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted of a like offence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-32" type="surname" value="FARRANCE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-32" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE FARRANCE</persName> </hi> (762 A). I was present in December, 1865, when the prisoner was convicted in the name of
<persName id="t18670128-name-33">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-33" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18670128-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-name-33 t18670128-alias-1"/>James Hayes</rs> </persName>—I produce a certificate. (
<hi rend="italic">Read:—Central Criminal Court. James Hayes, convicted of un
<lb/>lawfully uttering counterfeit coin.—Confined Nine Months.</hi>) I am sure the prisoner is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-200">
<interp inst="t18670128-200" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-200" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-200-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-200-18670128 t18670128-200-offence-1 t18670128-200-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-200-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-200-18670128 t18670128-200-offence-1 t18670128-200-verdict-2"/>
<p>200.
<persName id="def1-200-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-200-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-200-18670128" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-200-18670128" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="def1-200-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE RANDALL</hi> </persName> was again indicted with
<persName id="def2-200-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-200-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-200-18670128" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-200-18670128" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-200-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DAVIS</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-200-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-200-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-200-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS, CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence given in the former case was read over to the witnesses, to which they assented.</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RANDALL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-200-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-200-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-200-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-200-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-200-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-200-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-200-18670128 t18670128-200-punishment-4"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-200-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-200-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-200-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-200-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-200-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-200-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-200-18670128 t18670128-200-punishment-5"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-201">
<interp inst="t18670128-201" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-201" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-201-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-201-18670128 t18670128-201-offence-1 t18670128-201-verdict-1"/>
<p>201.
<persName id="def1-201-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-201-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-201-18670128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-201-18670128" type="surname" value="PEFFER"/>
<interp inst="def1-201-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE PEFFER</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-201-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-201-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-201-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-37" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-37" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-37" type="given" value="ELIZABETH MART"/>ELIZABETH MART HERBERT</persName> </hi>. My mother keeps a tobacconist's shop at 28, High Street, Shadwell—on the 3rd of January I served the prisoner with half an ounce of tobacco—he gave me a bad shilling—I said, "You came here on the 29th of December for half an ounce of tobacco, and gave me a bad half-crown"—he said, "You are mistaken; it was not me"—I marked the shilling, and called my mother, who gave the prisoner in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I was not there on Saturday; I was at work.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I am sure of you—I gave you the half-crown back, and you paid me with a florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-38" type="surname" value="APPLEBY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-38" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>MARTHA APPLEBY</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the last witness—she. called me on the 29th December, and handed me a bad half-crown—the prisoner was in the shop—I am sure of him—my daughter bit the half-crown and re turned it to him—he said that he got it at a skittle-ground at Hoxton—on the following Thursday my daughter again called me to look at a shilling—she said, "This is the young man, mother, who brought the half-crown"—I said, "Yes," and called a constable.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-39" type="surname" value="PETTY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-39" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PETTY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 96
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). On the 3rd of January I was called, and took the prisoner—this shilling was on the counter—he said, "I tried to pass that shilling, but on Saturday I was not in the neighbourhood; I did not try to pass the half-crown"—I only found a penny on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-40" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This shilling is bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> I was not aware it was bad. I took it in change of a florin.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-201-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-201-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-201-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-201-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-201-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-201-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-201-18670128 t18670128-201-punishment-6"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-202">
<interp inst="t18670128-202" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-202" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-202-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-202-18670128 t18670128-202-offence-1 t18670128-202-verdict-1"/>
<p>202.
<persName id="def1-202-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-202-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18670128" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18670128" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-202-18670128" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN HAWKINS</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-202-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-202-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-202-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-42" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-42" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PEARCE</persName> </hi>. I am a cheesemonger, of 291, New North Road, Isling
<lb/>ton—on the 24th of December, between nine and ten in the evening, the prisoner came in for half a pig's head and two ounces of butter, which came to 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a bad crown—I asked her where she got it—she said at 32, Shepperton Cottages, New North Road, close to my house—I asked her to go with me there, and she did so, but first she said that, as the crown was bad, she could only take the butter, which she offered me 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for, but I did not take it—we went to 32, Shepperton Cottages, and saw the gentleman who keeps the house, who said that he had no knowledge of her—I took her back to my shop, and detained her with some difficulty till a policeman came—I kept the coin in my hand and gave it to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> The gentleman did not come down stairs at all; it was his mother.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> A lady of about sixty came first, and a gentleman about thirty or forty afterwards, but neither of them knew you—it is a very respectable private house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-43" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GIBSON</persName> </hi> (301 N). I was called, and charged the prisoner with knowingly uttering a bad crown—she said that she got it at 32, Shepperton Cottages—I went there with her, and saw the landlady, who said she had never been there—the prisoner then said that a gentleman gave it to her that afternoon for going to bed with him—I took her to the station—she was charged at the police-court, remanded till the 2nd of January, and then discharged—she gave her name Catherine Jones—I am sure she is the person—I saw nobody but the lady at the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-44" type="surname" value="LUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-44" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY LUNN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Lunn, chandler, of Lansdown Place, Hackney Road—on the 5th of January, about eleven at night, the prisoner came in for half an ounce of tea, which came to 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and offered me a crown—I found it was bad, and told her so—she said that it was not bad—I kept it in my hand and went round the counter—she made for the door, and pushed me back, but I got her by the shawl—the potman held her, and I gave her in custody with the crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-45" type="surname" value="BAMFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-45" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK BAMFORD</persName> </hi> (340 N). I received the prisoner and this crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—she said she got it from her master where she had been work ing that day—I asked her where, but she could not tell me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I told you I was an unfortunate girl, and got it from a gentle
<lb/>man.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> You did not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-46" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad crowns.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-202-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-202-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-202-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-202-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-202-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-202-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-202-18670128 t18670128-202-punishment-7"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-203">
<interp inst="t18670128-203" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-203" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-203-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-203-18670128 t18670128-203-offence-1 t18670128-203-verdict-1"/>
<p>203.
<persName id="def1-203-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-203-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-203-18670128" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-203-18670128" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-203-18670128" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLOTTE KING</hi> (26)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-203-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-203-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-203-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRAIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-48" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-48" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SMITH</persName> </hi>. I keep the King's Head, Middlesex Street, Somer's Town—on the 3rd of December the prisoner came in for threepenny worth of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280007"/>
<p>gin—I served her—she gave me a bad half-sovereign—I objected to it, and she said she had just taken it at King's Cross, and was positive it was good—I locked it up by itself, and gave it to Sergeant Parry next day—the prisoner went away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-49" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-49" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PARRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant</hi> 14
<hi rend="italic">Y</hi>). On the 4th of December Mr. Smith gave me this bad half-sovereign (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-50" type="surname" value="STACET"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-50" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STACET</persName> </hi>. I keep the Eagle, Farringdon Road—on the 6th of December I served the prisoner with threehalfpennyworth of rum—she paid me with 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>—she then asked for another threehalfpennyworth and a biscuit, which came to 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and offered me a crown—I told her it was bad—she said that she got it that morning from the matron of St. George's-in-the-East Workhouse, Southwark—I said, "There is no such workhouse in Southwark; St. George's-in-the-East is on this side the water"—she said that I was mistaken, as the linen of her child was marked so—I said she had better go and tell the matron and let me know—I gave her the rum and let her go—she never came back—I saw her in Court on the 10th January, when she was tried on another charge—(
<hi rend="italic">See page</hi> 305)—I recognised her and pointed her out, and after she was acquitted on that charge I gave her in custody—she said that she expected it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-51" type="surname" value="MACKINTOSH"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-51" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MACKINTOSH</persName> </hi> (161 Y). On the 10th January Stacey pointed the prisoner out to me in this building, and I took her in custody—he charged her, and she said, "My God! this is hot; you might have let me have one night out; it is nothing but what I expected; if I had known you were outside, to take me in custody, I should have gone out at another door"—Stacey gave me this crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-52" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-52" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HOWARD</persName> </hi>. I am a bricklayer—on the 6th of December I was in the Eagle tavern, Farringdon Road—Mr. Stacey showed me a crown and directed me to look after the prisoner—I went out and saw her and another female and a man—they spoke together, and I followed them as far as the Royal Oak and then went back—the prisoner had got some dis
<lb/>tance from the public-house, and I do not know whether she saw me come out—I had a white dog with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-53" type="surname" value="FENSOM"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-53" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN FENSOM</persName> </hi>. I am female searcher at the Southwark Police Station—on the 14th of December the prisoner was brought there on a charge of felony, on which she was afterwards acquitted—I found fourteen shillings in a purse in her pocket, ten of which were bad; 7 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper was intermixed with it, and in a child's shoe in her pocket were ten more bad shillings done up with white tissue paper between them, looking like a pill-box—I handed them to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-54" type="surname" value="BMSCHLAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-54" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BMSCHLAYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman L</hi> 167). I took the prisoner on the charge on which she was acquitted last session—I received a purse, a child's shoe, and some coin from the last witness—ten bad shillings were in the purse, and these ten bad shillings in the toe of the child's shoe.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-55" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These shillings, crown, and half-sovereign are all bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-203-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-203-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-203-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-203-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-203-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-203-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-203-18670128 t18670128-203-punishment-8"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-204">
<interp inst="t18670128-204" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-204" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-204-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-204-18670128 t18670128-204-offence-1 t18670128-204-verdict-1"/>
<p>204.
<persName id="def1-204-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-204-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-204-18670128" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-204-18670128" type="surname" value="BECKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-204-18670128" type="given" value="HENRY FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FRANCIS BECKER</hi> (35)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-204-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-204-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-204-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18670128-204-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-204-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-204-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> to three indictments for feloniously forging and uttering orders for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to stealing one book, the property of
<persName id="t18670128-name-57" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-57" type="surname" value="NORTHCOTE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-57" type="given" value="STAFFORD HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-204-offence-1 t18670128-name-57"/>Stafford Henry Northcote</persName> and another.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-204-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-204-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-204-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-204-18670128 t18670128-204-punishment-9"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-205">
<interp inst="t18670128-205" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-205" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-205-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-205-18670128 t18670128-205-offence-1 t18670128-205-verdict-1"/>
<p>205.
<persName id="def1-205-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-205-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-205-18670128" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-205-18670128" type="surname" value="ARTHY"/>
<interp inst="def1-205-18670128" type="given" value="HENRY PHILIP DASHWOOD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PHILIP DASHWOOD ARTHY</hi>* (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-205-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-205-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-205-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for the payment of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences, from the Right Honourable the
<persName id="t18670128-name-59">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-59" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>Earl of Derby</persName>, a warrant for payment of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud; also to feloniously forging and uttering a receipt for the payment of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-205-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-205-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-205-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-205-18670128 t18670128-205-punishment-10"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ten Years' Penal Ser
<lb/>vitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-205-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-205-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-205-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280008"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<p>The following prisoners
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>:—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-206">
<interp inst="t18670128-206" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-206" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-206-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-206-18670128 t18670128-206-offence-1 t18670128-206-verdict-1"/>
<p>206.
<persName id="def1-206-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-206-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-206-18670128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-206-18670128" type="surname" value="ALLAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-206-18670128" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID ALLAN</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-206-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-206-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-206-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to two indictments for embezzling 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 34
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of
<persName id="t18670128-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-61" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-61" type="given" value="SAMUEL ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-206-offence-1 t18670128-name-61"/>Samuel Alexander Bell</persName> and another, his mas
<lb/>ters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-206-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-206-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-206-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-206-18670128 t18670128-206-punishment-11"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-206-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-206-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-206-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-207">
<interp inst="t18670128-207" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-207" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-207-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-207-18670128 t18670128-207-offence-1 t18670128-207-verdict-1"/>
<p>207.
<persName id="def1-207-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-207-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18670128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18670128" type="surname" value="HOLROYD"/>
<interp inst="def1-207-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE GOMERSAL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GOMERSAL HOL
<lb/>ROYD</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-207-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-207-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-207-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to two indictments for embezzling 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 34
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18670128-name-63" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-63" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-63" type="given" value="SAMUEL ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-207-offence-1 t18670128-name-63"/>Samuel Alexander Bell</persName> and another, his masters.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-207-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-207-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-207-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-207-18670128 t18670128-207-punishment-12"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-207-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-207-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-207-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-208">
<interp inst="t18670128-208" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-208" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-208-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-208-18670128 t18670128-208-offence-1 t18670128-208-verdict-1"/>
<p>208.
<persName id="def1-208-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-208-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18670128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18670128" type="surname" value="WOODS"/>
<interp inst="def1-208-18670128" type="given" value="JAMES WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WILLIAM WOODS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-208-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-208-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-208-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note of
<persName id="t18670128-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-65" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-65" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-208-offence-1 t18670128-name-65"/>Henry Barnett</persName> and others, his masters. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutors.—
<rs id="t18670128-208-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-208-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-208-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-208-18670128 t18670128-208-punishment-13"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-208-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-208-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-208-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-209">
<interp inst="t18670128-209" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-209" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-209-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-209-18670128 t18670128-209-offence-1 t18670128-209-verdict-1"/>
<p>209.
<persName id="def1-209-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-209-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18670128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18670128" type="surname" value="FREWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-209-18670128" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSE FREWIN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-209-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-209-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-209-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, to unlawfully concealing the birth of her child.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited. There was a charge of wilfulmurderon the Coroner's inquisition, upon which noevidence was offered.</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-209-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-209-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-209-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty, </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-209-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-209-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-209-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-209-18670128 t18670128-209-punishment-14"/>Judgement respited: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-210">
<interp inst="t18670128-210" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-210" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-210-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-210-18670128 t18670128-210-offence-1 t18670128-210-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-210-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-210-18670128 t18670128-210-offence-1 t18670128-210-verdict-1"/>
<p>210.
<persName id="def1-210-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-210-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18670128" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18670128" type="surname" value="SPALDING"/>
<interp inst="def1-210-18670128" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH ANN SPALDING</hi> (45)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-210-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-210-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-210-18670128" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def2-210-18670128" type="surname" value="SCHOFER"/>
<interp inst="def2-210-18670128" type="given" value="ADAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADAM SCHOFER</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-210-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-210-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-210-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the dead body of a child. </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SPALDING</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-210-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-210-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-210-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-210-18670128 t18670128-210-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Two Months.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SCHOFER</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-210-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-210-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-210-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-210-18670128 t18670128-210-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Fourteen Days.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-210-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-210-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-210-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-211">
<interp inst="t18670128-211" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-211" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-211-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-211-18670128 t18670128-211-offence-1 t18670128-211-verdict-1"/>
<p>211.
<persName id="def1-211-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-211-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18670128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18670128" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18670128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WIL
<lb/>LIAMS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-211-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-211-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-211-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing a chain of
<persName id="t18670128-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-70" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-70" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-211-offence-1 t18670128-name-70"/>Edwin Hall</persName>; also to unlawfully ob
<lb/>taining the same by false pretences.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-211-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-211-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-211-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-211-18670128 t18670128-211-punishment-17"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Twelve Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-211-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-211-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-211-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> And,</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-212">
<interp inst="t18670128-212" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-212" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-212-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-212-18670128 t18670128-212-offence-1 t18670128-212-verdict-1"/>
<p>212.
<persName id="def1-212-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-212-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18670128" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18670128" type="surname" value="NORTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18670128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM NORTON</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-212-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-212-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-212-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 21
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of
<persName id="t18670128-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-72" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-72" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-212-offence-1 t18670128-name-72"/>William Hill</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-212-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-212-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-212-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-212-18670128 t18670128-212-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Eight Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-212-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-212-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-212-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-213">
<interp inst="t18670128-213" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-213" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-213-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18670128 t18670128-213-offence-1 t18670128-213-verdict-1"/>
<p>213.
<persName id="def1-213-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-213-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18670128" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18670128" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18670128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CANNON</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-213-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-213-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-213-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, Unlawfully making a false declara
<lb/>tion.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-74" type="surname" value="HOPWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN STEPHEN SPINDLER"/>JOHN STEPHEN SPINDLER HOPWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 47, Chancery Lane, and am a London Commissioner to administer oaths in Chancery—I was so on the 30th of September, 1865—the signature to this statutory declaration is mine; the signature "Thomas Cannon" was signed in my presence by a person representing himself to be Thomas Cannon—I do not distinctly identify the person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> From what Courts do you hold commissions to take affida
<lb/>vits?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From all the Courts of law as well as Chancery, this declara
<lb/>tion is not entitled to be in any of those Courts—I think it was brought somewhere about two or three in the day, I can't be positive as to the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-75" type="surname" value="ELWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-75" type="given" value="ALBERT HENRY"/>ALBERT HENRY ELWORTHY</persName> </hi>. I am a solicitor, of 14, Southampton Buildings, and have been so for the last ten or twelve years—in Sep
<lb/>tember, 1865, the defendant was introduced to me by a solicitor Mr. Jenkins—he came to my office with the solicitor—I first had an interview with the solicitor—he came for the purpose of borrowing 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said he wanted 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on security of some money which was then in the hands of the Accountant-General of the Court of Chancery, which he was entitled to in right of his wife; that the sum was something 'like 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but, it then being the long vacation, he could not get the money, or the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280009"/>
<p>money could not be got out of Court until after the vacation—he said the money was required for business purposes in connection with two news
<lb/>papers which he had—he named those two newspapers—that I might know exactly how he stood in the world, I took down on a piece of paper the amount of his liabilities from his own mouth, the exact titles of the two papers, the
<hi rend="italic">South London News and Croydoni Free Press</hi>, and other necessary information for me to judge whether he was involved or not—upon that I agreed to lend him the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at ten per cent. per annum, pay
<lb/>able at the end of three months, but I said, inasmuch as the amount in the hands of the Accountant-General could not be ascertained, it was necess
<lb/>ary I should take time to inform myself of the nature of the fund; but, the orders of the Court being so lengthy and the expense to obtain them being so great, I required to have extra security, unless that expense was incurred to enable me to get the information, I proposed to advance 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at once on that day, it being Saturday, as he wanted to pay his wages for these papers, or else they would die, and I took an equitable memorandum—I asked him about his interest in the two newspapers—he said he pos
<lb/>sessed the copyrights of them—(he said nothing about the value of them)—upon that I advanced 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I gave him my own cheque for 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. before I received the money from the client, in order that he might have the money at once—upon that this declaration was drawn by me, it is in my writing; I drew it out in the prisoner's presence, he read it himself, I took the precan tion to hand it to him and his wife, and asked them particularly to read it, and they both read it—this is the defendant's signature.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> What have you done with the draft?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There was no draft, I deny that I swore before the Magistrate that there was. (
<hi rend="italic">The deposi
<lb/>tions of the witness, being read, contained the expression, "I will not swear that the defendant did not strike out of the draft of the declaration the</hi> 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; "
<hi rend="italic">also, The draft of the declaration is not here, but I can produce it</hi>") Allow me to explain that; I was confusing at that time the piece of paper upon which I took the different memoranda I speak of, as the draft declara
<lb/>tion, but I recollect as well as possible that I wrote that off at the time, such was the urgency of the matter—I did not say before the Magistrate that I could not swear you did not strike out the words "registered and unencumbered;"I said, with respect to the 250
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., you might have struck that out, but you never struck out the word "unencumbered"—I did not afterwards, upon the Magistrate saying I could not sustain the prose
<lb/>cution, say, "Then I will swear it"—it first occurred to me to charge you with perjury when I found that the papers had never been Regis
<lb/>tered, and that you were not the sole and registered proprietor, and that you had encumbered it before to Mr. Atherton—I did not require to go to Somerset House to ascertain it, when you made a solemn declaration—Mr. William Henry Honey is the prosecutor in this case, that is all—if he states he knows nothing about it it is not true—he never said that I had not repaid him any of the money—I don't owe him anything, I have had transactions with him, I have repaid him this money, he has had the balance of 84
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. after deducting the commission, I paid him 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., I think it was out of the 84
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that I received in November; I paid him very soon after it was received—I can't tell the date exactly—I did not go and get the rest of the money, because I can have it any day I like, it is attached—I know Digby and Atherton, formerly printers in Chancery Lane—they have nothing whatever to do with this prosecution, except that Mr. Atherton is a witness—they have been at my office during the time you</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280010"/>
<p>brought several actions against them, to ask me for certain information connected with these popers—I did not know that you used to print your papers there; they told me so; they did not tell me that you discharged them for misconduct and making mistakes, and for embezzlement—you brought several actions against them, what for I don't know, none of which did you carry beyond the day of trial—I don't know that they placarded Croydon and the neighbourhood with libellous papers, I never saw one of: them—I began the proceeding for perjury as soon as I found it out—I found it out on inquiring at the Registry Office, Somerset House, and from information that I received; I don't know the date exactly, it is So long ago; it was after January, 1866, I think it was either February or March—you employed my firm to draw a deed; that was after this trans
<lb/>action, I don't know how many days after, I was in the country (
<hi rend="italic">referring to a bill produced by the defendant</hi>)—it was about five days after my first interview with you—my father was in partnership with me at that time—the deed did not turn out to be useless; it was your fault that it was not acted upon; we put in it everything we were instructed to—you refused to pay my bill, I sued you for it, you defended the action—the Jury did not find that I had been guilty of gross negligence in drawing the deed, and give you a verdict; I swear that—I sued you for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on another bill at the same time, altogether 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I recovered a verdict for something about 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—as far as I remember, there were two actions, one on my own account, as I was alone in business then, and one at the suit of my father and I, when we were partners—we have judgments against you which have never been satisfied—I did not subsequently threaten that unless you paid it I would transport you for perjury—I believe my father went to your sister's house to tell her ofthe fact that we were going to prosecute you for gross perjury—I believe the trial at the Sheriff's Court was on the 17th May—that was not the first occasion upon which I spoke about the perjury—it was expressly stipulated at the time you borrowed the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. that you were to pay interest at the rate of ten per cent, per annum, and the cost of the preparation of the deed—Mr. Jenkins did not explain to me that the newspaper had been registered in the name of your sister—I never heard of your sister at that time as connected with the matter—this assignment (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is in Mr. Jenkins's writing—I never saw it till the other day before the Magistrate, when you produced it, and never heard of it—I did not give Mr. Jenkins 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. not to give evidence in your favour on this transaction—I lent him 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he gave me an I O U, which he has since paid off—I did not get the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Digby and Atherton to give to him—I never had a sixpence from them—on the 23rd of January, after you had refused to pay this bill, I went to Mr. J. Bruton, printer, in Crane Court, Fleet Street—I think that was after I had got the 84
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I served him with a notice which was required under the mortgage deed—I don't know that in consequence of that notice he ceased to print the paper—I did not hear so from Mr. Honey—I did not go to Mr. Bruton's about a fortnight afterwards, and tell him I had made a mistake, and there had been 84
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. paid—I did not send my clerk to say so—at the time I lent Mr. Jenkins the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I was not in great difficulties—I have never been applied to a second time for money—my father had his certificate at that time—he was not off the rolls for a considerable time, never—my firm was never in solvent—you did not tell me this was one newspaper with two titles—I distinctly made a point of knowing how many papers there were, and I took it down on the memorandum at the time—you told me it was the
<hi rend="italic">South</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280011"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">London News, and Croydon Free Press</hi>—you showed me one paper, and that was the
<hi rend="italic">South London News</hi>—it was one like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I was not acting as your solicitor at the time I drew this declaration—I sent you in a bill for the mortgage, for acting for you—you were obliged to give ma a retainer under the mortgage deed—I was not your solicitor—you signed the necessary consent to the order to obtain the money out of Court, and that you had covenanted to do—it was a retainer, authorising me to appear; I have not got it—it was filed in Court. (
<hi rend="italic">The declaration was put in and read.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-76" type="surname" value="TILSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-76" type="given" value="EDWARD HUGH"/>EDWARD HUGH TILSLEY</persName> </hi>. I have the custody of the newspaper docu
<lb/>ments in the Inland Revenue office—all newspapers have to be registered in my office by printers, publishers, and proprietors—there is a paper registered called the
<hi rend="italic">South London News and Surrey Weekly Post</hi>—it was registered on the 17th April—the printers, publishers, and proprietors make the declaration for registration—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a statutory declara
<lb/>tion made—I declared the parts named there to it—on the 30th of September 1865, the prisoner was not the registered proprietor of the
<hi rend="italic">South London News</hi>, nor at any time? after the 17th April, 1865—the
<hi rend="italic">Croydon Free Press</hi> was never registered—on the 30th of September I received a letter from the defendant.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Will you read that letter?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes:—"Sir—I beg to give you notice that the copyright of this paper is now transferred to me; but as I shall have a partner in the course of a day or two, I shall wait till he comes to town to complete the necessary formalities." That is dated the 30th of September, the same date as the declaration—no time is allowed to complete the registration of a transfer—it is customary to get it as soon as we can get the parties to make the. declaration.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did the prisoner ever register the paper in his own name?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, lie did not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-77" type="surname" value="ATHERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-77" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ATHERTON</persName> </hi>. I reside at 44, Annis Street, South Hackney, and carry on the business of a printer at 22, Curator Street—I know the prisoner—I was not discharged by him for misconduct—in September, 1865, he was indebted to our firm, Digby and Aberton—we pressed him for money, and on the 11th of September, 1865, he signed this document in my presence. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a charge, in favour of Digby and Atherton, on the defendant's interest in the South London News and Croydon Free Press, for a debt due to them</hi>, 153
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Were you printer and publisher of this paper?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was the printer of the
<hi rend="italic">Croydon Free Press</hi>, and my partner was the printer of the
<hi rend="italic">South London News</hi>—I believed you to be the proprietor, you always paid us—I did not go to Somerset House with your sister to register the paper in her name; I swear that—I knew your sister some time previous to knowing you—I was not at the house for weeks together, I was there occasionally on visits—I knew your sisters as friends—I did not know that your sister Emily was the registered proprietor of the paper until you commenced an action against me in her name—I did not believe that anybody was interested in it but you until that time—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at some receipts</hi>)—here is a receipt of Mr. Thomas Cannon "For proprietor of South London News"—these receipts were written at your dictation—you wished it done in consequence of some difficulty with the
<hi rend="italic">Daily Telegraph</hi> people—you always represented yourself to me as the proprietor, and I looked to you for the payment of the account—I did not know it to be my duty as printer and publisher of this paper to attend at Somerset House</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280012"/>
<p>every Monday and Wednesday to file a paper—I find now that I am liable to a penalty for not having done so—I made no attempts to get a com
<lb/>mittal in this case—I swore an information—I was obliged to, as a witness—a warrant was granted for your apprehension in July I believe—I swore I did not know where you lived or was to be found, and I do not know where you are to be found now—my partner told me ho met you one Sunday evening at Southend, and the officer went there to try and apprehend you—you brought an action against our firm lately—you owe us over 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. now—I have spoken about that a score of times before now—we have acceptances of yours for it—I will swear that I have not been paid—I did not come to you one day and say that I was likely to be prosecuted by my former master, Mr. Smart, and that unless you lent me some money I should probably get transported—I did not embezzle his money—Ireceived 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from you—I never received a pound from you which I did not account for—I did not tell Mr. Law, of the firm of Vandecombe and Law, that I had only received 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from you—I believe I told you in October or November that application had been made to me by Mr. Law for that money, and I made the same reply which I do now, that I had paid it—I did not ask if you would get some money to pay to Mr. Law, or else my partnership would all be broken up—you did not on that give me a promissory note for 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to get discounted—you several times threatened to prosecute me about Smart's affair when we fell out and he pressed you for payment, but you have never done so—we stopped sending the paper one night because you would not pay us—we did not quarrel because I had not paid Smart the money—we did printing for you some two months after that, because you entered into arrangements to pay us more punctually—this letter of October 9th, 1865, is my writing—I gave Mr. Law a proper account of all moneys received from you—I did not commence a series of annoyances against you after this—we tried to get our money—we went to Mr. Rowbottom's to serve you with a writ—we went to get your address—you had several addresses, but you could never be found—we did not try to go on with the action, it was no good, we knew you were insolvent—we left the matter with our solicitor—we printed these placards in our office and posted them extensively all about London, we were advised by Counsel to do it—I know that newspaper property is very risky indeed—I did not go down to your house and make a riot and collect about 200 people about the steps—we had a
<hi rend="italic">ca. sa.</hi> against your sister for the action she commenced against us, and we went with the sheriff's officer to serve it—in January last you got a summons against me for an assault at Clerkenwell Police-court, it was dismissed—I did not bribe the policeman to say that it took place two hours after he left the beat—I served my time as a printer, I was never anything else—you laid the damages in the action you brought against me at some thousands of pounds—I do not know that these papers were valued at 5000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we were in hopes to get a purchaser for them—we should have taken possession of them if we had been able to sell them—I did not tell you that Mr. Digby would send you 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. if you would sign that paper—you did not tell me it was not worth the paper it was written on as a mortgage; if you had told me so I should not have taken it—I did not tell you if you went on to Brownlow Street I would bring you the money; the paper was signed in Brownlow Street at your request, you wanted money that very night—my partner had a 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill from you—we could not get it cashed—I gave you 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. after signing the paper, and said that was all Digby could send you.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280013"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did the prisoner ask you all these same questions before the Magistrate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and I answered them in the negative, as I have to-day—I think he and his sister have served us with seven writs, but they have never gone to trial on one; we have judgment against him—the trials were called on, but he was not forthcoming.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner in a long address entered into the circumstances of his con
<lb/>nection with Messrs. Digby and Atherton, who he asserted were the real prosecutors in this case, and denied that he had committed perjury or acted corruptly in what he had done.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-78" type="surname" value="STANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-78" type="given" value="CHARLES WILLIAM"/>CHARLES WILLIAM STANTON</persName> </hi>. I have been connected with the London and provincial press for the last eighteen years, and am tolerably expe
<lb/>rienced in newspaper property and business; I am the editor of two papers—I acted for the defendant as agent in the Twickenham and Hounslow districts from about the middle of April, 1865, from the time of the starting of the third number of the paper—I should say during that time he must have spent considerably more than 3000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. upon it—at the end of the year I thought it a property of some value, otherwise I should not have taken the part I did in pushing it—in my district we got very large orders for advertisements, persons sometimes paying six months in advance—its circulation in my district exceeded that of all the other locals together as to time—the bulk of the profit arises from advertisements—I know that there were dreadful mistakes and blunders made in the printing by Digby and Atherton—I know that they published placards and quite ruined the paper in my district; I lost a large sum of money myself, in consequence of those placards, people gradually with
<lb/>drew their patronage, and the thing was stopped—I have seen Elworthy, Honey, and Digby and Atherton together—I saw an assault committed on the defendant in Westminster Hall—I have heard threats to the effect that they would ruin him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-213-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-213-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-213-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury, believing it was not done with the intention of defrauding, but to get the money more speedily.—
<rs id="t18670128-213-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-213-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-213-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18670128 t18670128-213-punishment-19"/>Confined Two Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-214">
<interp inst="t18670128-214" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-214" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-214-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-214-18670128 t18670128-214-offence-1 t18670128-214-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-214-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-214-18670128 t18670128-214-offence-1 t18670128-214-verdict-1"/>
<p>214.
<persName id="def1-214-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-214-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18670128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18670128" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18670128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES THOMAS</hi> (21)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-214-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-214-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-214-18670128" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def2-214-18670128" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="def2-214-18670128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS NASH</hi> (25)</persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18670128-214-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-214-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-214-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously forging and uttering an acquittance and receipt for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, offered no evidence.</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-214-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-214-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-214-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">NOT GUITY</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-215">
<interp inst="t18670128-215" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-215" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-215-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-215-18670128 t18670128-215-offence-1 t18670128-215-verdict-1"/>
<p>215.
<persName id="def1-215-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-215-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18670128" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18670128" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18670128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES THOMAS</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18670128-215-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-215-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-215-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> for embezzling three sums of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. each,</rs> to which he
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-215-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-215-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-215-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-215-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-215-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-215-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-215-18670128 t18670128-215-punishment-20"/>Confined Eight Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-216">
<interp inst="t18670128-216" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-216" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-216-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18670128 t18670128-216-offence-1 t18670128-216-verdict-1"/>
<p>216.
<persName id="def1-216-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-216-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18670128" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18670128" type="surname" value="YARWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18670128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES YARWOOD</hi> (36)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-216-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-216-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-216-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and cor
<lb/>rupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. F. H. LEWIS</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MONTAGU WILLIAMS</hi> the Defence. Alfred Coates. I am clerk to Messrs. Westall and Proctor, of 7, Leadenhall Street—I produce a writ of summons, in which they are plaintiffs against Charles Yarwood, on the 23rd of November, 1867, in the Exchequer, for 114
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the balance of principal and interest on two bills of exchange for 49
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; a copy of the bills is on the back of the writ.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-83" type="surname" value="DAX"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-83" type="given" value="EDWARD THOMAS"/>EDWARD THOMAS DAX</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Rule department in the Court of Exchequer—I produce an affidavit.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-84" type="surname" value="DRAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-84" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DRAKE</persName> </hi>. I am a London Commissioner for taking affidavits in the Courts of common law, this affidavit was sworn before me—I administered the oath in the ordinary way—I do not remember the persons who answered to the name in that affidavit; it was the person who signed the affidavit, it was signed in my presence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-85" type="surname" value="PROCTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-85" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PROCTER</persName> </hi>. I am a warehouseman, of 26, Gresham Street, in partnership with Thomas Westall; the style of our firm is Thomas Westall, Proctor, and Co.—the prisoner was a customer of ours—I have seen him accept bills—I produce a bill of exchange for 49
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., dated the 5th of February, 1866, and one for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., dated the 1st of March, 1866—I know the defendant's handwriting; I have seen him write—the signature, "Charles Yarwood," to this affidavit, is his writing, also the acceptances to the two bills of exchange; they were drawn by myself in the name of the firm, Thomas Westall, Proctor, and Co.—the 49
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill fell due on the 8th of June; a day or two before it was due the defendant called and said he should be unable to meet the bill, but he would do what he could towards it, and he paid 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. towards it on the day it became due, with a notice that the bill was lying due at the banker's—he was at that time indebted to us beyond the bills, I can't say the exact amount—the bills had been given for the purpose of meeting an account—the bill for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. became due on the 4th July—I believe the defendant came the morning before it was due and told me he was in difficulty, that one of his creditors was pressing him, and he placed himself in our hands as his largest creditor—he paid us 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on account, he also paid us another amount for the creditor who was pressing him—I believe the 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bill was accepted at his own house—the name of our firm on the warehouse door is the same as the bills are drawn in, "Thomas Westall, Proctor, and Co."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What is the defendant?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A tailor, I believe not a lawyer. (
<hi rend="italic">An affidavit of the witness was put in, in which he described his firm as "Westall and Proctor."</hi>) I suppose that Was a mistake of the attorney's clerk—I believe we were inserted by the prisoner in the list of creditors on these two bills—I have known him about fifteen months. (
<hi rend="italic">The defendant's affidavit, being read, stated that he never accepted the bills in question, or authorised any person to do so.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-86" type="surname" value="FOOTE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-86" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD FOOTE</persName> </hi>. I am a warehouseman, of 30, King Street, Cheap
<lb/>side—I know the defendant and have seen him write—comparing the signature to these two bills of exchange with one I saw him accept, I believe it to be his—he called on me on the 2nd of July, as he said, to ask a favour; it was to renew a bill which was coming due on the 4th of July—I asked him some questions relative to his position, the reason he wanted a renewal—he told me that a creditor was pressing him, that Mr. Westall had taken the matter in hand and was treating him very kindly by negotiating with the said creditor, and upon the faith of what he told me of his position, that he could pay off everybody, if he had time, I renewed the bill, or a portion of it, adding an open account which forms this bill; it was drawn by my partner, and I saw him accept it on our counter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you know that at the time he swore the affidavit he had his protection from the Bankruptcy Court?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I knew nothing about it—I knew he was afterwards a bankrupt—I think it might have been three weeks after—there was a composition of 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the pound offered, which the creditors repudiated, and I think he then petitioned the Court himself.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280015"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WRIGHT</hi>. I produce the bankruptcy proceedings in the case of Yarwood—the date of the petition is the 5th of December, 1856—I find Westall and Proctor entered as secured creditors.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Does it appear upon the proceedings that he had protection from the Court?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, on the 5th of September, 1866—it was afterwards renewed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness of the Defence</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-87" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-87" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HALL</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Nash, a solicitor—I know the pri
<lb/>soner—I remember his calling at our office to consult Mr. Nash about being served with a copy of a writ at the suit of Westall and Proctor—he saw Mr. Nash in my presence—after speaking to Mr. Nash with reference to his having been served with a copy of a writ, and stating that he was a bankrupt and so forth, it was ultimately by Mr. Nash transferred over to me to draw an affidavit to get leave to appear to the writ—in looking at the writ I found that the endorsement of the bills was Westall, Proctor and Co, and on the face of the writ they sued as plaintiffs solely as Westall and Proctor—that was quite irregular—the prisoner said that Westall and a Proctor, not trading as Westall, Proctor, and Co., which they ought to have done; what does Westall, Proctor, and Co. mean to these bills as drawers? It appears to me, instead of your owing two bills here, you owe four; you owe two bills in favour of Westall and proctor, and two bills in favour of Westall, Proctor, and Co."—he said he only owed two bills, and that was with westall and Proctor—he said,"I am a bankrupt now passing throught the Court"—I said to him, "Who is your inserted these gentleman, Westall and Proctor, in your statement of accounts?"—he said, "Yes, I have"—I said, "Have you inserted Westall, proctor, and Co., also in your accounts?"—I then said, "I had better go to Mr. Munday and ascertain the particulars of this, as he is living in the same street"—I went to Mr. Munday's office and had a conversation with a gentleman there, and after that, and acting upon what the defendant said to me, I advised him to make this affidavit—I said, "It appears that Messrs. Westall and Proctor have proved their debt; how they should have issued this writ I am at a loss to know, and I advise the affidavit to be drawn, inasmuch as Westall, proctor, and co. drawing as the en
<lb/>dorsers of these bills must be a forgery, if you only owe westalol and proctor money"—that was what I said to him—I said that, having only inserted westall amd proctor, he ought to have inserted as well estall, proctor, and Co., and having omitted them and sworn to the correctness of his preliminary statement leaving out those two creditors when he ought to have inserted four, as they were two firms he might he indicted—after making that statement to him he swore to the affidavit, acting upon my advice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you know the prisoner before he came to you on that day?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, not myself; I believe my principal; knew him—I think I asked him where Westall and proctor lived, and I think he told me they lived in Gresham street—I saw the body of the writ—I explained to him that it was a writ under the Bills of Exchange Act, and that unless he got leave to appear from the Judge the prosecutors</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280016"/>
<p>were entitled to judgment within twelve days—I asked him whether be knew such persons as Westall, Proctor, and Co., and he told me he did not, bat he knew Westall and Proctor—I did not ask him if he had any bill-book; I did not know if he had any—I saw the particulars of the bills on the back of the writ—it did not occur to me to ask him whether he had accepted bills for Westall and Proctor for these amounts—I said, "Do you owe Thomas Westall, Proctor, and Co., these amounts upon two several bills?"—he said, "No; I never dealt with Westall, Proctor, and Co.; all I have dealt with was Westall and Proctor,"which appears on the face of the writ—I say on my oath that I most decidedly believed Thomas Westall, Proctor, and Co. was a different firm to that mentioned in the writ—I certainly believed them to be different persons from information I received from the prisoner—he simply said he never dealt with Westall, Proctor, and Co., only with Westall and Proctor—I certainly believed them to be different persons, otherwise I should not have advised him to swear the affidavit to get leave to appear—I took it there were four bills instead of two—I saw the attorneys' names at the bottom—it did not occur to me to go to them and inquire who their clients were—I went over to Mr. Munday and had some conversation with him, and sub
<lb/>sequently to the Bankruptcy Court to look at the proceedings—the application to a Judge is
<hi rend="italic">ex parte</hi>, the other side is not heard—I advised my client that I believed, from what he told me, that these bills were forgeries, and I told him he could be indicted for omitting Westall, Proctor, and Co. from his schedule—I knew there was a wrong one way or the other—he did not pay me, I don't know whether he paid my principal—I knew of these proceedings before the Alderman—Mr. Nash defended him there—Mr. Nash knew of the advice I had given, inasmuch as he knew I had drawn the affidavit—I was not called before the Alderman—in Mr. Nash's discretion he did not call me—I was there ready to he called.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-216-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-216-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-216-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-217">
<interp inst="t18670128-217" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-217" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-217-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18670128 t18670128-217-offence-1 t18670128-217-verdict-1"/>
<p>217.
<persName id="def1-217-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-217-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18670128" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18670128" type="surname" value="FOALE"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18670128" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18670128" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK FOALE</hi> (24)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-217-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-217-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-217-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> for embezzling 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., received on account of
<persName id="t18670128-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-89" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-89" type="given" value="SAMUEL ALEXANDER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-217-offence-1 t18670128-name-89"/>Samuel Alexander Bell</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-90" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-90" type="given" value="SAMUEL ALEXANDER"/>SAMUEL ALEXANDER BELL</persName> </hi>. I am the surviving partner in the firm of Bell and Black, of Bow Lane, City—the prisoner has been in my service about two years—he left on the 13th of October—his duty was to keep the cash and collect the City accounts on Saturdays, and keep the day-book—he was to enter the cash in his cash-book and hand the money or cheques over to me—I never saw this cheque whilst he was in my service—I never got the money, and it is not entered in any of our books—the books are there—I have been through them, and there is no entry—I find entries by the prisoner at the time—I discovered this about ten or twelve days ago—I believe this receipt to be the prisoner's writing (
<hi rend="italic">this was signed F. F.</hi>)—those are the prisoner's initials—I have the book now before me in which the cash entries are made by the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I think you have been very unfortunate in your clerks?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; the prisoner is the third I have indicted, and who have robbed us to a very large amount—Holroyd and Allan have pleaded guilty—Holroyd absconded at the time I made the discovery about him, on the 15th of November I think, subsequent to the affair of this cheque—Allan absconded about the same time—the prisoner did not give himself up as soon as the charge was brought against him—I discharged him before that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280017"/>
<p>for receiving money and not entering it in the cash-book—he did not abscond—he did not give himself up—I know nothing about his making any appointment with the policeman—Holroyd was my managing clerk between four and five years—the others acted under him—the other clerks were not in the habit of receiving money and handing it over to Holroyd—I am not aware of it—they ought to have acted under his direction, but I am not aware of their handing over cash, because it was not his business to receive the cash—any cash he received it was his business to hand over to the prisoner to enter, or to enter it himself in the cash-book—Holroyd was in the habit of handing over cash to the prisoner—the prisoner was the cashier—I know Mr. John Black, my late partner's son—owing to his not having business habits, opening letters and so on, which I would not allow him to do, he quitted the office—he was not in the office during this date—I think my partner died on the 2nd of October—Mr. John Black was not in the habit of coming there between May and October—I forbade his coming—Foale collected on Saturdays—it was Holroyd's duty to give him the list of debts that he was to collect—it was not the usual course of business for him to hand the money over to Holroyd on his return—I am not aware of his doing so—I was invariably there on Saturdays—I believe the entries of the sums he received on Saturdays are in his writing, not in Holroyd's—I saw one entry the other day in Holroyd's writing, which I imagined was in Foale's, but that was not his duty—it was contrary to it—I am not aware of it in any other case—I have not examined with a view to find out, because it was not brought under my notice—Foale had sole charge of the cash, and he alone I looked to for it, and if he collected money from any person it would not be to Holroyd or any other person in the office I should apply, but to Foale—I am not aware that there are Other cases like that, there may be—I do not know of any—I was generally there on Saturday when the prisoner returned with the money he had collected—I don't know about always, if there were any sums of importance I always was—I did not come there exactly in the morning—about two o'clock or between one and two—there was a locked letter-box—I opened that—I used to take Holroyd into the inner office to receive money or orders, and he entered the money in the cash-book, and the cheques or cash, or whatever it might be, he handed over to Foale—he was the person that had charge of the cash—after he entered it I got it from him again, for the purpose of banking, and any of those I always signed my name to—if there were cheques to send to the bank sometimes one clerk was sent with them and sometimes another—all cheques were paid into our own bank—I sent Foale to the bank—Holroyd had not charge of the cash at all—I am not aware of his sending Foale to the bank—I can't swear he has not—any money that was to be banked was made out on a slip of paper, and all the remittances I got I marked off—I do not know of Holroyd ever sending Foale with cheques to be cashed—I know now that both of them have done so—I did not then—I was half my time from the office—I generally left between five and six—I left Foale and Holroyd behind; not Allan, he had no business in the office except occasionally—I did not see him for months at a time—the others stayed till seven—it was the prisoner's duty to go on and collect accounts on Saturdays—I kept Holroyd in the office to settle and explain accounts—I was at the office on Saturday, the 6th October—I did not desire him to go and get this particular cheque—that would be Holroyd's duty—I don't know what amounts he had to collect that day—I do not see any entered as collected by him that day—I can't say whether I was there when he returned—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280018"/>
<p>believe it was the day of Mr. Black's funeral—I believe I sent him to Stratford that day with a cheque for 75
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., to pay the men—that was at one o'clock—he might be gone two hours or an hour and a half—Mr. Dean's place is in Leadenhall Street, on his way to Stratford—the workmen at Stratford are paid about two—it may have been about eleven or twelve when I gave him the cheque—my usual time for coming to town on Satur
<lb/>days was a little before eleven—I can't tell whether he received a list from Holroyd on that day—I can't tell whether he returned before six.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you find entries by the prisoner in the cash-book on the 6th October?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, moneys entered by him, but not accounts—he has entered accounts on the Monday following, but I don't see Mr. Dean's cheque—I never gave a customer's cheque to any one in my em
<lb/>ployment to go and get cashed—I invariably banked them myself—the one instance in which I mistook Halroyd's entry for the prisoner's was on the 6th of July of a sum of 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—no surplus money, which could have been the produce of this cheque, has come into my hands.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are there any entries of moneys received on Saturday, the 6th of October, in Holroyd's writing?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, of accounts paid—here is one of 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—that is the only one—that was a remittance—there is no London account entered by him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-91" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Dean, of 147, Leaden
<lb/>hall Street—on the 6th of October last I paid this cheque, and received this receipt in exchange—I presume it was written in our office—I have no recollection of it—I presume I gave the cheque to the person who signed the receipt—it has since come back through our bankers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had the account been sent in before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, during the week, and I checked it and paid it on Saturday—I do not know Holroyd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-92" type="surname" value="BOURNE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-92" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENBY BOURNE</persName> </hi>. I am a licensed vitualler in Cannon Street, City—I have known the prisoner the best part of two years—I received this cheque from him in October, and gave him 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it—I endorsed it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had you cashed cheques for other persons in Mr. Bell's employment?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had, not their own cheques, cheques of customers apparently—I know Holroyd, I have cashed-cheques for him several times—I cannot swear to the day on which I cashed this cheque, but I am quite certain I received it from the prisoner, it was on a Saturday, certainly after three—I had cashed cheques for him several times before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What other persons have you cashed cheques for?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not remember cashing any for any one besides Holroyd and the prisoner—I should think I have cashed eight or nine for Holroyd in the course of a year, not quite so many for the prisoner—I think the majority of the cheques I cashed were for Holroyd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you know in what employment they were?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did—I did not let Mr. Bell know that I was In the habit of doing this—I did not think it necessary, they were crossed cheques; it is a thing we very often do—they always told me they were sent by their employers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BELL</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This account of Mr. Deans's I believe to be in Holroyd's writing, the receipt is the prisoner's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-217-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-217-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-217-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy on account of his character.—
<rs id="t18670128-217-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-217-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-217-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18670128 t18670128-217-punishment-21"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280019"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-218">
<interp inst="t18670128-218" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-218" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-218-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18670128 t18670128-218-offence-1 t18670128-218-verdict-1"/>
<p>218.
<persName id="def1-218-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-218-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18670128" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18670128" type="surname" value="CRAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18670128" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK CRAWLEY</hi>(16)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-218-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-218-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-218-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/>, Stealing one coat, the property of
<persName id="t18670128-name-94" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-94" type="surname" value="BATTERSBEE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-94" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-94" type="occupation" value="shop manager"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-218-offence-1 t18670128-name-94"/>John Battersbee</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-95" type="surname" value="BATTERSBEE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BATTERSBEE</persName> </hi>. I live in the Minories, and manage the shop of Mr. Foster, Wells Street, Whitechapel—on Tuesday, the 15th January, I hung this coat up behind the door inside about six o'clock, or between then and half-past six—I saw the prisoner come in, take it, and run away—I followed him, he dropped it in the street, ran through Wellclose Square, and I lost him—on the next Friday I saw him in Wells Street near the shop, and pointed him out to Wilson—ho saw me, and immediately walked away, and then ran; I called a policeman, and we went, but could not find him—ho was taken on the following Thursday, but I was not present; that was nine days after the offence—somebody brought the coat back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Why did you not take me when I was standing against the post by the Sailors' Home?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I never saw you—I can take my oath you are the person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-96" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-96" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's foreman—I saw the prisoner enter the shop on the 15th, look round the door, and take Battersbee's coat—there were four gas burners in the shop, and I am positive he is the person—I saw him several times on the day he was taken, but I was in the shop alone and could not leave.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-97" type="surname" value="SHEPPERD"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SHEPPERD</persName> </hi> (43 H). I took the prisoner in Wells Street last Thursday, Wilson pointed him out, and Battersbee identified him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am as innocent as a child.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-218-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-218-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-218-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-218-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-218-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-218-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18670128 t18670128-218-punishment-22"/>Confined Two Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-219">
<interp inst="t18670128-219" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-219" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-219-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-219-18670128 t18670128-219-offence-1 t18670128-219-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-219-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-219-18670128 t18670128-219-offence-1 t18670128-219-verdict-2"/>
<p>219.
<persName id="def1-219-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-219-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18670128" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18670128" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18670128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH WILSON</hi> (53)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-219-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-219-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-219-18670128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-219-18670128" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="def2-219-18670128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES EDWARDS</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-219-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-219-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-219-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing an order for 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18670128-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-100" type="surname" value="SNOW"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-219-offence-1 t18670128-name-100"/>William Snow</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">appeared for Wilson, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for Edwards.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-101" type="surname" value="GILLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-101" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD GILLAN</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Boar's Head, Fleet Street, next door to the Bolt-in-Tun, which is a receiving house for Messrs. Chaplin and Home—I know Edwards by sight, he came in on Monday, the 14th of January, about a quarter-past nine in the evening, and had a glass of rum with another man, who had a glass of bitter ale—the other man said to Edwards, "Have you seen him?"—Edwards said, "No, I have not"—, the other said, "Go, and I will wait ten minutes"—Edwards drank up his glass of rum, and the other man did not stop five minutes after he had gone, but drank up his ale and went out—I know Mr. Snow's premises, you can see into them from Fleet Street, and can see the till and persons in there—the office closes at eight or nine, I will not be sure—I went to Guildhall Justice-room on the 15th, and picked Edwards out from about a dozen men.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were there other people at the beer-house at the time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About four of our regular customers; it is not a very long bar, and there is no sitting-room—I am certain of the time within five or ten minutes, as I had come down at nine, and I went to my supper at half-past, as I always do—business makes no difference in my going to supper, because there is always some one to take my place—the constable had not spoken to me before I fixed the hour—I had not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280020"/>
<p>seen Edwards before that night, and I can bring people to prove that—one of the young mistresses was also in the bar, she is not here—Edwards was not in the bar two minutes—I did not see the man who was with him—the prosecutor had been there that night, he left about nine—I had not spoken to him, and did not serve him—he did not leave before nine, because I was not down till about five minutes to nine—they always awake me at nine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-102" type="surname" value="SNOW"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SNOW</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Messrs. Chaplin and Horne, at the Bolt-in-Tun—on the 14th of January I was walking to, Ludgate Hill station, and went into the Boar's Head on my way at about a quarter-past nine, which is my time for closing—when I got to the side of the station a woman caught me round the waist, and three men ran against me—they moved off quickly, and I shook the woman off, and then missed my purse, containing two cheques and some gold, from my right-hand trousers pocket—I went to the Union Bank next morning and stopped the cheques—I was afterwards sent for there, and found Wilson in custody, and a cheque was shown to me—on coming out of the bank I saw Edwards at the corner of Bell Yard—I pointed towards him, and he immediately ran away; Simmonds ran after him and brought him back to the bank—this cheque for 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was safe in my purse when I left the office, it is payable to me or order—this endorsement on it is not mine, and was not on it when I took it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-103" type="surname" value="WHITTALL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-103" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS WHITTALL</persName> </hi>. I am a cashier at the Chancery Lane branch of of the Union Bank—on the 15th of January, about half-past nine in the morning, Wilson presented this cheque to me endorsed as it is now—I detained him and sent for Snow, who came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WILLIAMS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you put Wilson into the manager's parlour?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-104" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-104" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SIMMONDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 461). On Tuesday morning, the 15th of January, I was on duty in Chancery Lane, and saw Edwards walking up and down near the Union Bank—I saw Mr. Snow leave the bank, Edwards then went and stood at the corner of Bell Yard—he ran away when Mr. Snow came out—I was thirty or forty yards from him—he ran through Bell Yard into Fleet Street, and through Searle's Place into Carey Street, where he was stopped, taken back to the bank, and given into my custody—I took him to the station and told him he was supposed to be concerned with Wilson in passing a cheque at the Union Bank—he said, "I know nothing of it"—I found on him 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a tobacco pipe, and a key.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you in uniform?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I did not speak to Snow or he to me—when Edwards was at the corner of Bell Yard Snow was between us—I was going in the same direction as Snow—Edwards could see us both.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-105" type="surname" value="WEBBER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WEBBER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 431). I took Wilson at the Bank—I took him to the station, searched him, and found three betting cards, a book, a knife, and two imitation sovereigns (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—he gave his address, 19, Webber Row, Union Street, Borough—I went there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-106" type="surname" value="NEWRY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-106" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS NEWRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Sergeant P</hi> 12). I have known Edwards a long time, and have seen him frequently during the last three months—I have known Wilson for years, and during the last three month have seen him frequently with Edwards, in Newington Causeway, and at the Sportsman beer shop, Kent Road, once, twice, and sometimes three times a day—I have seen them in conversation in the beer shop.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280021"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILSON—
<rs id="t18670128-219-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-219-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-219-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with a previous conviction at Newington in 1861, to which he</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>. **—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-219-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-219-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-219-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-219-18670128 t18670128-219-punishment-23"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARDS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-219-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-219-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-219-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-220">
<interp inst="t18670128-220" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-220" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-220-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18670128 t18670128-220-offence-1 t18670128-220-verdict-1"/>
<p>220.
<persName id="def1-220-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-220-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18670128" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18670128" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18670128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILSON</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-220-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-220-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-220-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/>, Stealing one musical box, the property of
<persName id="t18670128-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-108" type="surname" value="LE MAITRE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-108" type="given" value="LEON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-108" type="occupation" value="dealer in clocks and bronzes"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-220-offence-1 t18670128-name-108"/>Leon Le Maitre</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-109" type="surname" value="MULLERHOUSER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-109" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE MULLERHOUSER</persName> </hi>. I am packer to Messrs. Le Maitre and Bergemenn, of Cannon Street, dealers in clocks and bronzes—on the 4th of January, about five o'clock, the prisoner came and purchased a timepiece up stairs—a person named Davis brought it down—he paid for it, asked to have it packed up for him to take away, and told me to put it down on the counter close by the door—there were no other articles on that counter—I pretended to go down stairs, as his movements raised my suspicions—he was pretending to put on his gloves and rolling his eyes about, but did not offer to go out—I watched him along the flooring, and saw him take a musical box which was wrapped in brown paper with a ticket to it, and give it to a woman outside—he then came in for the clock, but I took it away—it was nothing like this box in shape, it was a timepiece under a glass shade—I said, "What have you done with that parcel you have just taken out?"—he said, "I have taken no parcel"—I insisted on having it—he said, "Come outside with me, and you shall have it"—I went out with him, and walked to the bottom of Bread Street—he wanted to leave me, but I would not let him—I took him back, and my employers gave him in custody—I afterwards went to his house with a constable—we waited there till nearly ten o'clock, when the woman came home—she denied having the musical box at first, but we found it on the bed—the prisoner was under the influence of drink, but not so bad as he pretended to be—the woman was locked up, and discharged next morning by the Magistrate—this is the box (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is worth 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When you asked my wife if she had the musical box, did not she say that her husband gave her a clock which he had bought?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> She said that her husband gave her the parcel which he had bought, but she did not know whether it was a clock or what it was—I saw the in
<lb/>voice given to you—you paid the money, and dropped a halfpenny.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-110" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-110" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am warehouseman to the prosecutors—I remember the prisoner purchasing a timepiece on the 4th of January—he did not buy a musical box—I left him in the warehouse, and gave the timepiece to Mullerhouser, who packed it—this musical box is my employer's pro
<lb/>perty, and was in one of the pigeon-holes where the prisoner was.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Were you present when I paid for it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I no
<lb/>ticed that you had been drinking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-111" type="surname" value="PEAK"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PEAK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi> 578). The prisoner was given into my custody for stealing a parcel, contents unknown—he said, "It is all a mistake; I bought a timepiece, and have bought a good many here; I hare given it to my wife, and if you will go out with me I will give it to you if I have taken the wrong one"—I went out with him, but we could not find his wife—he asked me to let go of his arm, I would not, and he gave a sudden jerk and tried to get away—I took him back to the warehouse—he then said that he went back the second time for the invoice—I searched him at the station and found the invoice in his pocket—I went to 9, Vere Street, and found that he lived there, but had given a wrong name—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280022"/>
<p>waited till a quarter to ten, when his wife returned—I followed her up the staircase and asked for the parcel—I found this box there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did the prosecutor tell you that all he required was his musical box back again?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He said, "If you will give me my musical box I do not wish to prosecute."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner produced a written defence stating that he teas so intoxicated that his wife was obliged to go out to take care of the clock he was about to purchase, and had he been sober this would not have happened.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-220-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-220-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-220-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. He was further charged with a previous conviction in 1863, in the name of
<persName id="t18670128-name-112">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-112" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18670128-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-name-112 t18670128-alias-2"/>John George</rs> </persName>, to which he
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-220-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-220-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-220-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18670128 t18670128-220-punishment-24"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-221">
<interp inst="t18670128-221" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-221" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-221-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18670128 t18670128-221-offence-1 t18670128-221-verdict-1"/>
<p>221.
<persName id="def1-221-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-221-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18670128" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18670128" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18670128" type="given" value="CORNELIUS WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18670128" type="occupation" value="employed in the Post Office"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CORNELIUS WILLIAM BRYANT</hi> (24)</persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-221-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-221-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-221-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18670128-221-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-221-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-221-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> to stealing, whilst employed in the Post Office, fourteen post-letters, the property of
<persName id="t18670128-name-114" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-114" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-221-offence-1 t18670128-name-114"/>her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-221-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-221-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-221-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18670128 t18670128-221-punishment-25"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-222">
<interp inst="t18670128-222" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-222" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-222-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18670128 t18670128-222-offence-1 t18670128-222-verdict-1"/>
<p>222.
<persName id="def1-222-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-222-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18670128" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18670128" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18670128" type="given" value="JOSEPH BARRETT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH BARRETT SIMMONDS</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-222-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-222-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-222-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling a cheque for 14
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and the sums of 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 43
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., of
<persName id="t18670128-name-116" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-116" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-116" type="given" value="ALFRED HIND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-222-offence-1 t18670128-name-116"/>Alfred Hind Hopkins</persName> and another. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.—
<rs id="t18670128-222-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-222-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-222-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18670128 t18670128-222-punishment-26"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-222-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-222-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-222-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-223">
<interp inst="t18670128-223" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-223" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-223-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18670128 t18670128-223-offence-1 t18670128-223-verdict-1"/>
<p>223.
<persName id="def1-223-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-223-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18670128" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18670128" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HAYES</hi> (61)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-223-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-223-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-223-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling the sums of 16
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of
<persName id="t18670128-name-118" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-118" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-118" type="given" value="CHARLES PHILIP"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-223-offence-1 t18670128-name-118"/>Charles Philip Towns
<lb/>end</persName>, his master. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the prosecutor.—
<rs id="t18670128-223-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-223-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-223-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18670128 t18670128-223-punishment-27"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-223-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-223-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-223-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-224">
<interp inst="t18670128-224" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-224" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-224-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-224-18670128 t18670128-224-offence-1 t18670128-224-verdict-1"/>
<p>224.
<persName id="def1-224-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-224-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18670128" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18670128" type="surname" value="ANTHONY"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18670128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ANTHONY</hi>** (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-224-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-224-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-224-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the dwellinghouse of
<persName id="t18670128-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-120" type="surname" value="BATTEN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-120" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-224-offence-1 t18670128-name-120"/>Henry Batten</persName>, and stealing therein two watches and other articles and 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., his property.—</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-224-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-224-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-224-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-224-18670128 t18670128-224-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18670128-224-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-224-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-224-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-225">
<interp inst="t18670128-225" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-225" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-225-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18670128 t18670128-225-offence-1 t18670128-225-verdict-1"/>
<p>225.
<persName id="def1-225-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-225-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18670128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18670128" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18670128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PEARSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-225-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-225-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-225-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing one saw and other tools of
<persName id="t18670128-name-122" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-122" type="surname" value="STARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-225-offence-1 t18670128-name-122"/>John Starke</persName>, after a former conviction in December, 1865.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-225-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-225-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-225-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18670128 t18670128-225-punishment-29"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> And,</rs>
<rs id="t18670128-225-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-225-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-225-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-226">
<interp inst="t18670128-226" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-226" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-226-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18670128 t18670128-226-offence-1 t18670128-226-verdict-1"/>
<p>226.
<persName id="def1-226-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-226-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18670128" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18670128" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18670128" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE KING</hi>** (15)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-226-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-226-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-226-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing one handkerchief of
<persName id="t18670128-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-124" type="surname" value="BRACEBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-124" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-226-offence-1 t18670128-name-124"/>George Bracebridge</persName> from his person, after a former conviction in August, 1865.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-226-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-226-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-226-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18670128 t18670128-226-punishment-30"/>Confined Three Months</rs>, and
<rs id="t18670128-226-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-226-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-226-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="otherInstitution"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18670128 t18670128-226-punishment-31"/>Five Years in a Reformatory.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18670128-226-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-226-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-226-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded Guilty: see original trial image]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Keating.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-227">
<interp inst="t18670128-227" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-227" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-227-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18670128 t18670128-227-offence-1 t18670128-227-verdict-1"/>
<p>227.
<persName id="def1-227-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-227-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18670128" type="surname" value="WILMOT"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18670128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILMOT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18670128-227-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-227-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-227-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> was charged on the Coroner's inquisition with feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18670128-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-126" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-126" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-227-offence-1 t18670128-name-126"/>Sarah Johnson</persName>,
<persName id="t18670128-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-127" type="surname" value="DANT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-127" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-227-offence-1 t18670128-name-127"/>Charles Dant</persName>,
<persName id="t18670128-name-128" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-128" type="surname" value="PASSMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-227-offence-1 t18670128-name-128"/>Thomas Passmore</persName>, and
<persName id="t18670128-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-129" type="surname" value="LUKEY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-129" type="given" value="HENRY CLARK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-227-offence-1 t18670128-name-129"/>Henry Clark Lukey</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution, stated that a man named Chaney, who was charged with the prisoner, had died since the last Session, and that under these altered circumstances he should offer no evidence against the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-227-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-227-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-227-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>,</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-228">
<interp inst="t18670128-228" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-228" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-228-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18670128 t18670128-228-offence-1 t18670128-228-verdict-1"/>
<p>228.
<persName id="def1-228-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-228-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18670128" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18670128" type="surname" value="SHINN"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18670128" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN SHINN</hi>(20)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-228-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-228-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-228-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> for the wilful murder of her new-born female child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. SLEIGH</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STRAIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-228-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-228-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-228-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">of endeavouring to conceal the birth. She received a good I character.—
<rs id="t18670128-228-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-228-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-228-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18670128 t18670128-228-punishment-32"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-229">
<interp inst="t18670128-229" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-229" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-229-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18670128 t18670128-229-offence-1 t18670128-229-verdict-1"/>
<p>229.
<persName id="def1-229-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-229-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18670128" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18670128" type="surname" value="SCHNEUHR"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18670128" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACOB SCHNEUHR</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-229-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-229-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-229-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously and without lawful I excuse having in his possession seventy-five pieces of paper representing Russian five-rouble notes, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLEIGH</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">con
<lb/>ducted the Prosecution, and the evidence was interpreted to the Prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-132" type="surname" value="HARBOTTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-132" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARBOTTLE</persName> </hi>. I am a Russian merchant carrying on business at Alderman's Wharf—in the autumn of 1864 the prisoner introduced him
<lb/>self to me to inquire whether some friends of mine who were coming from Siberia had arrived, and in June, 1865, he borrowed 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd of me on a bill of exchange—before that bill came to maturity, and before I knew whether it would be honoured or not, he came to me on the 30th of June, 1865, and said that he had failed, in consequence of difficulties in St. Petersburg, and had got a friend who had lent him some Russian rouble notes, upon the security of which he borrowed 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of me, as there would be a loss in exchanging them—he produced them; these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—here are seventy-five of them—they are in the identical packets as he delivered them to me—they are for five roubles each; the aggregate value is 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but the exchange varies—I gave him this cheque for 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.(
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>); he endorsed it in my presence, and it has been returned to me by my bankers, paid—I never saw the prisoner afterwards till he was in custody last month—I put the notes by in my safe box, where they remained some months, for an opportunity of sending them to my agent at St. Petersburg, as to change them in London there would be a loss—in November, 1865,1 sent them to my agent at St. Petersburg, but took the numbers first; they were returned to me in May, 1866, as forgeries—when I was at the Mansion House the prisoner was asked whether he had any questions to put to me, and he said that he knew the notes were forgeries, and that I knew so also—there is not the slightest truth in that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I never borrowed the money on the bill of exchange—I never had the money. I had 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; not on account of these notes at all, it was a different affair altogether.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> It was specially given him on the security of the notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Why did you keep these notes in your possession so long? why did not you change them directly and get the money?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was a matter of no particular importance; they were put away in a safe, and remained there—I thought in the first instance that you might come back to redeem them, you borrowed the money for a few days and promised to repay it—I sent them to my correspondent to be realised, and if they had been good they would have passed into circulation like notes in this country—I did not say at the Mansion House that I sent them to the Russian Bank, it would be quite out of course to do so—I got them back without a letter; the person who brought them stated that they were false—he was a German from St. Petersburg—I do not know where he is—they were sent back in the identical package in which they were received, with the specification which was sent out with them—the German was directed simply to give me a message, because the possession of forged notes in Russia would be a very serious thing, and my correspondent would not like to commit himself by writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> If he brought the notes he could substitute these notes for others.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I had not marked them, but I had taken a specification of the numbers, and the identical specification sent by me to St. Petersburg was returned to me in London—I know that the notes are the same, because the numbers correspond—I have no other means of speaking to their identity—I know that the notes I sent were forgeries, because these are the identical notes—I have been to St. Petersburg—you asked me at the Mansion House if I knew a rouble note, and I said that I did, but I did</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280026"/>
<p>not say that I knew the difference between a good note and a bad one—I do not know that you were here in November, 1865—a letter may have been sent to the hotel at Charing Cross to know if you had come back, but I did not see you. and did not know you were here—I cannot recollect sending a letter there by a young Spaniard, but cannot undertake to say that I did not—I do not know that you were in London again in December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) what you call a specification? A. Yes, it is in my writing—the number of each note was taken down on this paper, which was sent with the notes to St. Petersburg, to Herman L. Milroid, a merchant in a very good position there—the whole seventy-five numbers are here—the messenger was a person who came to me with a letter of introduction, and was charged to deliver the notes and state that they were forged—it was only a verbal communication—I then communicated with a Russian gentleman, who examined them, and after
<lb/>wards with the Consul here—I afterwards heard of the prisoner in France—my clerks might take upon themselves to make inquiries about him without consulting me—I have carried on business in London twenty-five or twenty-eight years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you lend me any money before you had the notes?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Before you pledged the forged notes I once lent you 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. without any pledge, and it was repaid—I wanted a pledge for die 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., because there was then a bill of yours pending for 217
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which was ultimately dishonoured—it may have been through the hands of ten parties, but I was responsible upon it, and I had to relmburse the amount—it had several endorsements—I did not know that it was had, but I had quite enough risk already.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is there any connection between you and the Russian Government or police, or have you anything to do in any shape or way with the detection of fraud?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not in the slightest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-133" type="surname" value="ALBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-133" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ALBERT</persName> </hi>. I am a professional interpreter—I attended at the Mansion House on the examination of the prisoner, and interpreted the proceedings to him—after Mr. Harbottle had been examined in chief the Lord Mayor asked the prisoner if he had any questions to put—I inter
<lb/>preted that to the prisoner, and he then made a voluntary statement, which I interpreted to the Court—he first asked several questions which I interpreted, such as, "When did you send those notes to St. Petersburg?" and, "Why did not you send them before?" and, "Did not you lend me money without security on one or two different occasions?" and several more—he then said, "I knew the notes were forged, but Mr. Harbottle knew it as well"—I asked him two or three times, "Do I understand you rightly?" he said, "Yes, I knew they were forged, but he knew it as well."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> I did not mean that at all, because I pledged no notes at all there; did not you ask Mr. Harbottle whether he sent the notes to the Bank?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You asked him where he sent the notes to and when, and he said that he sent them to St. Petersburg some months afterwards, and would have sent them before, but he thought the exchange was lower, and that he should have lost money by them—you never raised the point that these were not the notes—you did ask him whether this transaction did not take place before he stated, and he denied it—I think you asked him whether he had not taken notes from you before, but I cannot remember the amounts—I think you asked him whether you had had dealings with him before, you did not ask him whether he had changed forged notes for you.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280027"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-134" type="surname" value="KLEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-134" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>EUGENE KLEIN</persName> </hi>. I am a Russian by birth, and am in the bank-note manufactory of St. Petersburg—it is part of my duty to determine the genuineness of notes presented to the Imperial Bank of Russia—I am well acquainted with Russian rouble notes—these seventy-five Russian rouble notes are all forgeries—they purport to be Russian state credit notes of five roubles each—one rouble is equal to about twenty-eight or thirty pence English, according to the exchange—these are the best executed I ever saw—I have seen the prisoner before, and have seen him write; he signed a receipt in my presence in London a year ago—I have also seen several letters written by him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-135" type="surname" value="HARBOTTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARBOTTLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I have frequently seen the prisoner write—the signature and the conclusion of this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are his, but the body is not—I also identify as his the signature and part of the conclusion of this letter to the Minister of Finance.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> Yes, those are my signatures.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-136" type="surname" value="KLEIN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-136" type="given" value="EUGENE"/>EUGENE KLEIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). This is a forged rouble note, and this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is an unfinished one—they are both on forged paper—the figure 8 on this one is incorrectly engraved, and it is put out of the line, pushed out of its place—all these seventy-five forged notes are from the same plate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Do you know that I was the cause of presenting to the Russian Consul in Paris these false notes?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, in August, 1865, you gave to the Russian Consulate in Paris such information as led to the apprehension of five or six persons who were afterwards convicted of having forged notes in their possession, which were printed from the same plate as these—some notes which were taken in London in 1865 are iden
<lb/>tical with these, from the same plate—you did send to the Russian govern
<lb/>ment the punches with which the bock of the notes is printed; that was in November or December, 1865—they were not punches used in making notes of this description exactly, they might also be used for forgeries—I first saw this bundle of notes a short time before the case was brought before the Mansion House, when the extradition of the prisoner was asked for, and I was asked to give my opinion about them—I know that you offered the Russian government to find out the forgers—your services were accepted in the autumn of 1865—I do not know that the Russian government sent notes to you, to compare with others to find out the forgers, but when your services were accepted you asked for a sheet of paper on which notes are printed, and one was given to you, which was not the same as the notes were printed on, but it was not materially different—if you did not receive it from the Goverment you received it from their agent; you said that it was necessary for you to have a sample of good paper, that you might show that you knew where a very good paper was made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do I understand that since August, 1865, he has been engaged in the employ of the Russian government or their agents in the detection of these forgeries?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not all the time, his services were accepted in November, 1865—they tried him for a month or two, and then he was refused—the sheet of paper with a water mark was given him in November, 1865, but it was not one of those which are used in printing bank notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Just compare the letter of May, 1865, which he wrote to the Emperor, with this translation; it is dated the 23rd of May, 1865; is that the 11th of May according to our dates?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, the translation is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280028"/>
<p>collated by me and is accurate. (
<hi rend="italic">Part of this letter was translated as follows</hi>:—"I avoided to meet this gentleman, but he persecuted me a every meeting, asking me only to look at their merchandise. I refused for a long time, but after I considered that, if I had already the misfortune to fall upon such an affair, there will not be any harm to look at it, and that I ought not to allow the opportunity to pass of gaining the information useful to my country, which I love sincerely. I allowed him to send me a sample by post. It was such a good one that I thought he was making a fool of me, and that it was a real note; I told him so and gave him back the sample. He said, 'I will send a worse one, so that you may be con
<lb/>vinced that it comes from our factory;' and he sent me one finished here faulty. The figure 8 in the number was out of its place, and another un
<lb/>finished, or a skeleton, as he called it (both annexed to this letter). After he came himself to me, and asked me if I did not wish to buy them, but not for less than 1000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at once, at 4% per rouble. I answered him that I had not ready money, and that I am not yet decided to connect myself in this affair, but will think of it, and that I burnt the samples, fearing to keep them.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> You need not read that letter to me, I know all about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Part of a letter from the prisoner to the Russian Minister of Finance was here ready in which he stated that he had forwarded the forged notes fabric
<lb/>cated in London in his letter to the Emperor, and requested the Minister to send over a fresh official, for whom he had prepared a plan of action to detect the maker of the notes, but that they could not be discovered with shillings, as the fabricators did not spare pounds, and the official must therefore be provided with not less than</hi> 2000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Dated the</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">th of May</hi>, 1865.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JACOB SCHNEUHR</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's Statement before the Magistrate</hi>:—"I wish to say some
<lb/>thing now. Being in this position now as a criminal, I wish the people around me to listen and hear something. I went to Mr. Harbottle, because I was aware that thirty or thirty-five years since he ran away from St. Petersburg for a criminal matter. He was in the service of Count Levashoff, as the manager of his estate. That was the reason I went to him, as I told him at once I knew him; I mean of course, not that I knew him, but that my father-in-law was serving under the same estate as him. Another person made my acquaintance, and then also of Mr. Harbottle, and that person is the first director for the forged notes. I was so well acquainted with that person that I was able to send to the government there a small piece of the type of the notes. As a proof of what I say being true, I refer to Mr. Klein. This was the reason why I wrote to the Emperor and the Minister about it, and in order to get into the confidence of this man, who had entrusted me with the bits of type. You will understand it was necessary that I should get into his good graces. It was arranged that I and Mr. Harbottle should become agents of this man. I did not buy or sell any forged notes, but Mr. Harbottle bought on several occasions. Mr. Harbottle had no business to speak of it through any person but me. I brought to Mr. Harbottle's notice the seventy-five rouble notes, but on another occasion I brought him another seventy-five before this transaction. This transaction took place before the time Mr. Harbottle states. On another occasion, prior to these two transactions, the gentleman gave Mr. Harbottle 200 of these notes. I did all this only because I had already written about it and thought it would be easy for me to discover more. I did not receive any money from the Minister of Finance, but afterwards I was offered money by him, which I declined to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280029"/>
<p>take, as I wanted to serve the state only as a patriot. At a later period I received from the Minister authority that I might go in partnership with those people and make the notes with them. There are the papers about it in the hands of the officer. It will look extraordinary why Mr. Har
<lb/>bottle should all at once give information about it, but the cause of this will be shown later. I can prove that the reason they have not found out the manufacturers is that the persons are beyond suspicion."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner addressed the Jury through the interpreter, stating that he was a Russian, and Mr. Harbottle an American; that he had previously received money from Mr. Harbottle without security, and that having put his name upon a cheque was no proof that he had given any notes as security, which he denied doing, and contended that his letters to the Emperor and to the Finance Minister spoke for him and not against him; that on arriving in Lon
<lb/>don he introduced himself to Mr. Harbottle, who he knew had been guilty of criminal acts in Russia for some years as adminstrator to an estate there and running away with the money, the prisoner's father living on the same estate at the time; that ten years afterwards Mr. Harbottle was manager of the estates of Count Pascoff, brother-in-law of Count Levashoff, the prisoner residing there at the time, but, coming afterwards to London, found that Mr. Harbottle was doing business there, went to see him, after which he met Ra
<lb/>detzky, who proposed that he and Mr. Harbottle should become agents for passing forged notes, Mr. Harbottle staying in London and furnishing the prisoner, who was to go to Russia, with notes, and was to send back wheat or corn; that he did not like to lose their acquaintance and confidence, seeing that he could thus serve Russia as well as the poor peasants among whom the notes were circulated; that Radetzky proposed to Mr. Harbottle to send a certain sum to Holland, but the latter refused to have anything to do with any agents fat Radetzky himself; that Radetzky then proposed to send a commissioner with a parcel to meet the prisoner at a certain post-office, where there was a thoroughfare, another commissioner coming in the other way, who was to identify him, to which the prisoner consented, but declined being a party to utter the notes; that three transactions took place between them, in one of which, at the end of 1865, he received 200 notes, and in another the seventy-five notes in question, but, not having mixed himself up in the sale of the notes, he could not say how many Radetzky sold to Mr. Harbottle or what Mr. Harbottle paid him; that he handed over the packets of 200 and the 75 notes to the commissioner, who handed them to Mr. Harbottle, and that when he asked Mr. Harbottle what he had done with them he said, "That is my business;" that Radetzky was manager of the company who issued the notes, one of whom, named Lepault, was tried for that offence in Paris, but acquitted, as it was proved that he only acted for political purposes; that those who received the notes handed them over to their agents, who never knew the makers; that in writing for notes to the manufacturer, Radetzky would send an address, not his own, and if there was one line on it the person would know to whom to deliver it, but if two lines he was to give it to a higher authority; that a man named Jankouski took him to a house and introduced him to some of the agents, one of whom was Holchester</hi> (Tried December 20th, 1865);
<hi rend="italic">that on the 13th of January, when he was going to Paris, Mr. Harbottle said that he would give him some commissions, and gave him a cheque for</hi> 36
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., for which he took three receipts, one for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and two for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each, in different names, telling him he was to pay the money to whoever brought him those receipts in Paris: that the receipt for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was brought by a man named Lievitz, whom he paid and took the receipt, but that the two for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. did not come at all; that before going</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280030"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">to Paris Mr. Harbottle told him to come to him for some forged notes to hand to somebody there, which he promised to do but did not, not liking such a commission, which displeased Mr. Harbottle, as he afterwards told him; that he gave information in Paris to Prince Dolgorouki, now General Governor of Moscow, who referred him to the Russian Ambassador at Brussels, then in Paris, who requested him to obtain some of the forged notes and send them to him in Brussels, which he did, having obtained them by letter from Radetzsky under the pretence that he had a buyer for them, and a few days after
<lb/>wards Radetzky sent over a person to Paris with more notes, demanding to tee the buyer, upon which he applied to the Consul, and the persons were cap
<lb/>tured with the notes, which Mr. Klein could confirm; that he then wrote to the Russian Minister of Finance, and afterwards went and saw him at Berlin, who begged him to assist in discovering the manufactory, and with one of whose agents, M. Kamensky, he laid his plans, and who offered him money, which he declined, not having then been at any expense; that he wrote to the Minister for a power of attorney for his protection, and received in reply a letter from the Department of the Minister of Finance, which he pro
<lb/>duced, dated November 14, 1865, and which stated</hi>—"I hereby authorise you to execute those plans, to enter into partnership in the manufacture of these notes, and, if necessary, you may as well assist in making the notes, and you are also to bring into this manufacture the controlling machine of which you spoke; in one word, you can do everything which you will deem necessary."
<hi rend="italic">He further stated that the Minister sent a letter in English to the police, requesting them not to interfere with him; that he then obtained the confidence of the forgers, and was thus able to obtain some of their steel types, which he sent to the Minister and to M. Kamensky which Mr. Klein was aware of; that Mr. Harbottle's statement was not true, and that it was not likely he should put off forged notes with a man who knew him so well, and who was acquainted with Russian notes, and never did so; that the trial of Holchester would have induced Mr. Harbottlt to examine the notes, if he really had them, before sending them to Russia; that he saw Mr. Harbottle in November, who told him that he had been instrumental in getting the forgers in Paris into custody, and, as Mr. Harbottle was mixed up in the matter rather heavily, he concocted this plan with Radetzky to crush the prisoner.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HARBOTTLE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you reside in St. Petersburg thirty-five or thirty-six years ago, and were you what is called
<hi rend="italic">attendant</hi> to a family named Levashoff, of high rank there, and holding an official position?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was the auditor of their estates—I left St. Peters
<lb/>burg with their sanction thirty-five odd years ago—no charge was made against me of any crime whatever by them, or by anybody connected with them—it requires two weeks' public notice in order to procure a passport, which is published in the newspapers and the
<hi rend="italic">Gazette</hi>, and, independently of that, two certificates are required from the police—a portion of these suggestions having been made against me before, I have searched and found the passport with which I came over—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the first part of it is in Russian, and there is a translation into German—I came straight to England, and for twenty-seven years have been carrying on business at the same place that I do now, but being occasionally absent in the United States, where I have been fifteen times on matters of business connected with Russian and Austrian houses—I am an Englishman—for the last thirty years I have been in frequent and friendly communication with my former employers, the Levashoffs, and have acted us their banker for the last fifteen years—the last transaction was last year, when I sent them</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280031"/>
<p>1000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to Paris, by their desire, in consequence of this telegram (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—not the slightest charge or suggestion has been made against my character in this country—I never received any notes from the prisoner but these seventy-five rouble notes—I know no person named Radetzky, and never heard his name mentioned—I never had any communication whatever with any person who I believe to bear that name—I did not tell the prisoner that I would not deal with any person except Radetzsky, and never received any rouble notes, except these seventy-five, from a commissioner, or any
<lb/>body else—the prisoner never asked me what had become of some rouble notes, nor did I tell him it was my business and not his; there never was any question of rouble notes with him—I was not aware of his having any transactions with agents of the Russian government, and never heard that he had undertaken to discover any person—I never told him I intended to go to Paris, and never heard of the three receipts—the only receipt I got was the endorsement on the cheque—he never told me he would give me forged notes to take to Paris—I never heard of such a proposition—I never saw him in November—I never saw him after the transaction in June till he was brought up at the Mansion House—the whole of these letters (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are from my employer's family.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> The crime which Mr. Harbottle has committed is against peasants.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is there any truth that you were within the purlieus of the criminal law in Russia?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Never.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> You never were, because you ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-229-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-229-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-229-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-229-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-229-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-229-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18670128 t18670128-229-punishment-33"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-230">
<interp inst="t18670128-230" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-230" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-230-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18670128 t18670128-230-offence-1 t18670128-230-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-230-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-230-18670128 t18670128-230-offence-1 t18670128-230-verdict-1"/>
<p>230.
<persName id="def1-230-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-230-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18670128" type="surname" value="BOVILL"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18670128" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP BOVILL</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-230-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-230-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-230-18670128" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def2-230-18670128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ADAMS</hi> </persName>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-230-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-230-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-230-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18670128-230-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-230-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-230-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="conspiracy"/> to unlawfully conspiring to procure the release of the said Philip Bovill before the expiration of his sentence.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-230-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-230-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-230-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18670128 t18670128-230-punishment-34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18670128 t18670128-230-punishment-34"/>Confined One Month each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-231">
<interp inst="t18670128-231" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-231" type="date" value="18670128"/>
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<p>231.
<persName id="def1-231-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-231-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18670128" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18670128" type="surname" value="SYLVESTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18670128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SYLVESTER</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-231-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-231-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-231-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, Feloniously receiving a quantity of silk and other goods, knowing them to have been stolen.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DALY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-140" type="surname" value="MORRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-140" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>GEORGE ALFRED MORRELL</persName> </hi>. In November last I was clerk to Messrs. Taylor and Stokes, of Friday Street, Cheapside, silk and velvet manu
<lb/>facturers—I had been there three years—my age is eighteen—I know the prisoner—I first met him four or five weeks before November, towards the end of the summer, at the Swan, George Street, kept by a man named Newman—I had some patterns of silk with me—he asked me to bring him two or three dozen the next night—I mean by a dozen a dozen squares: all one piece, simply creased in squares, nearly twelve yards—he named 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a dozen—I brought some the next night to the Swan, but could not see him—afterwards a man named Lewis brought him to me at the Swan—I brought three pieces; thirty-six yards, value about 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I sold them to the prisoner for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he took no receipt—I stole them from Messrs. Taylor and Stokes's warehouse—about three days after that be asked me to bring him two dozen more—he paid me 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a down for</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280032"/>
<p>them; 36
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the value was about 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a dozen; 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he did not ask for nor did I give a receipt—I got them from Taylor and Stokes's warehouse in the same way—the next time I saw the prisoner at the Swan he asked me if I would be at George Yard, Snow Hill, a betting place, next day—I met him there about one o'clock—he there asked me to bring him ten yards of moire antique—I brought them the next day, and saw him at the Swan
<lb/>he gave me 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., or 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., I am not certain which, for the ten yards—the value was 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a yard—no receipt was asked for or given—I stole them from a cupboard in Taylor and Stokes's warehouse—I saw him several times after that at the Swan, and brought him moire antique dresses—he paid me 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a dozen on the average—the value was 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a dozen—the value of a moire antique dress is about 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he generally gave me 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. per dress—I cannot tell how many more transactions I had with him, say about half a dozen or more—one time he asked me to go outside, and said, "I don't want all these people to know my business; I'll meet you at the corner"—I said, "Very well," and made an appoint
<lb/>ment to meet him at seven o'clock the next evening outside the Portman Stores—he did not come—I met him a week afterwards, and he asked me to bring him three more, and meet him in the street—he did not come—I met him again at the Swan—these dresses (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are of the same description—I generally met him about seven in the evening—we spent some of the money for drink every night, and tossed for some wine at the Swan.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe before any transactions with the prisoner you had seen him at these public-houses?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I never knew he got his living by purchasing goods at pawnbrokers' sales—I have heard it stated—I dare say I had somewhat about six or eight transactions with him—I did not say anything to him about selling on commission—I did not represent myself to him as a commission agent—I had not been robbing my employers before I met the prisoner—I met him, and he asked me to drink a glass of ale with him—I had some patterns of silk with me, used to make neckties of—after some little conversation he said he would not mind giving 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a dozen for them—I said I would bring him some the next night—I did not say I was going to steal it—my father lives close by the Swan—I am not in the habit of selling goods on commission—I sold shawls, and got 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. profit, or what I liked to charge on—I did not sell them on commission—I did not sell them for my employers, I sold them for Mr. Cushway—he is in their employment—I was not in the Swan for Mr. Cushway, or met parties there—I sold two shawls about a week before November—I took them to my customers' houses—I only took them to people I knew—my father is a jeweller—I used not to sell any goods for him—I used to frequent the Portland Stores—I might have tried to sell a shawl there to a woman named Reeves—I dare say I said to her that I sold shawls on commission—I am almost certain I never said to the prisoner that I sold these silks on commission—I believe I never said in front of the bar of the Swan that I sold shawls and silks on commission—I might have said I sold goods on commission, but I am almost certain I never said silks—I never said that the satin was part of an old stock made for the Duke of Wellington's funeral—nothing of that sort—I have no doubt I said part of an old stock; some of them were very old—that was after the sale was over—I never said that my governors had told me to sell it for the best price I could get—I might have said we had a large quantity on hand—he might have said, but I don't recollect, that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280033"/>
<p>nobody wore scarves, and that the satin, being creased, was of no use for dresses—I did say, "Our dressers, Messrs. Richard, for a few shillings will take the creases out"—I have no doubt I have asked him 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for two pieces of satin—he always offered me less, so I dare say he offered me 35
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.,—I cannot remember that I then said that I could not take that, as I had to give that to the governors—I might have spoken of the governors to him once or twice—I mean employers by governors—I never took out a little book to see if I could take the price he offered—I carried a pocket-book for some time—I never referred to that pocket-book while talking to him—I carried stamps in it—there was no writing in it—I might have taken it out, but with no idea of looking at the prices—I do not remember taking out my pocket-book and saying, "I can't take anything of that sort"—I did not say, "If I took that I should only have a shilling or two for myself"—I brought him a piece of moire and asked him 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and he offered me 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., but I cannot recollect then saying that I had to give the governors 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—on the first occasion when I wanted patterns I asked Mr. Taylor if I could have them—he said I could if they were of no use—I afterwards took them without asking—I don't know whether you call that stealing—that was all before I met the prisoner—I never told him that I stole these things.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Will you tell me what the patterns were?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Thirty
<lb/>four inches wide, the width of the stuff—they were kept in a box—they were large enough to make a narrow scarf—I had a scarf round my neck, and the prisoner might have seen it several times before he spoke to me—I sold him black satin first—I had not sold black satin to any one before I sold it to him—I did not make the observation about an old stock in respect to the moire antique—the moire antique was not old stock—I sold two or three shawls altogether—the price was from 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—they were me property of Mr. Cushway, in the same employment as myself—I sold some of the patterns, and got 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. sometimes for them; some
<lb/>times I gave them away—when selling the shawls for Cushway I got a price from him, and anything I got above that I was to keep—I gained altogether three or four shillings by selling them—I don't suppose I took much above 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. altogether to Mr. Cushway.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> On what basis do you state the value of the different articles you stole?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The price mentioned in the number book as the value of the silk—I reckoned it at the cost price to Taylor and Stokes, or there
<lb/>abouts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you buy the shawls you say you bought of Cushway for the selling price?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—on the first occasion no one was present with the prisoner at the Swan, afterwards he was accompanied by a man named Lewis, and some others whose names I do not know—Newman, the person who kept the Swan, was in the bar—we were in the parlour—we always had something to drink afterwards—he always expected us to.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-141" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-141" type="surname" value="CLEVE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-141" type="given" value="SOPHIA JONES"/>SOPHIA JONES CLEVE</persName> </hi>. I am the servant of Mrs. Williams, 58, London Street, Fitzroy Square—I have been there seven years—I have known the prisoner fourteen months—he came occasionally when he had got any
<lb/>thing to pledge, and asked me to pledge them for him, jewellery—he brought some dresses besides—I pledged three, two satins and one moiré—he asked my mistress to allow me to go and pledge them for him—I did not pledge the satins at the same time as the moire—pledged the moiré at Dobree's—I got three guineas for it—I pledged one of the satins at</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280034"/>
<p>Harding's, Holborn, and the other at Crouch's, University Street—I got 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from Harding's, and the same at Crouch's—before going to pawn the satins, the prisoner said I was to get him 23
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and all I got over was my own—I threw the tickets for the two satins away, not having any use for them—I gave the ticket for the moire to the prisoner—I do not know whether I put it into his hand or laid it on the table with the money—he told my mistress they were a bankrupt stock—I last saw the prisoner there last week—he was in the habit of coming there up to that time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What is his business?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A dealer in jewellery—he has told me he attends Debenham's pawnbrokers' sales, and I have seen catalogues come from there—I know that his business is to purchase things and sell them as well as he can—I pledged some of the things in my mis
<lb/>tress's name—he did not tell me to keep it secret.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know anything about his occupation except what he has told you himself?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I did not think it mattered which name I gave to the pawnbrokers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did your mistress give you leave to go?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes. George Moxon. I am assistant to George Dobree, pawnbroker, 73, Charlotte Street, Fitzroy Square—I produce a moire antique dress and a duplicate, pledged on the 29th of October for three guineas by Cleve, in the name of
<persName id="t18670128-name-142">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-142" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18670128-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-name-142 t18670128-alias-3"/>Williams</rs> </persName>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you know the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—he pur
<lb/>chases at pawnbrokers' sales, and makes what money he can on the things by pledging—goods similar to these often go very cheap at pawnbrokers' sales—a pawnbroker looks to get as much as he can—very often some things are sold at a sale for more than they cost.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say you know the prisoner has been in the habit of pawning for some considerable time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know he does pawn—we do not like doing business with him—I have known him five or six years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How lately have you done any business with him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> As far as I know, I never took anything of him—he has brought us goods to show us, which I have not taken—if he pledges he always wants a profit, so I think it best not to have any dealings—I think the person who brought the moire wanted more than I was willing to advance—I fancy she asked 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I offered 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and lent three guineas—It did not look so well by candlelight as it does by daylight.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-143" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-143" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FOY</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Crouch, Grafton Street, Fitzroy Square—on the 25th of October I took a piece of satin from a female named Mary Williams for 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—it was redeemed on the 22nd of October, I do not know by whom—the ticket was thrown away, and I supposed some one picked it up and took it out—I only know by seeing the ticket what sum was given—I do not remember the actual transaction.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-144" type="surname" value="BROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-144" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARTS BROOK</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to William James Harding, pawn
<lb/>broker, 207, Holborn—on the 22nd of October Cleve pledged a piece of satin for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I think no more was asked—it was redeemed on the 22nd of October.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Would you have advanced more if it had been asked?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I might have advanced what I imagine it would fetch, from 28
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-145" type="surname" value="DODD"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-145" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DODD</persName> </hi>. I am a farrier, of Craven Yard, Drury Lane—about the latter end of October I was in the Royal Standard public-house, at the corner of Russell Court; I saw the prisoner there—he offered to sell me a bit of silk—I did not look at it at the time; it was wrapped up in a piece</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280035"/>
<p>of paper—I gave 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—I think he asked 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for it; I won't be sure—I had given it to my daughter, but I was called upon to give it up, and I gave it up to Carter, the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe no imputation has been made upon you in this matter?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe not—I called in for a glass of ale and saw three or four customers there, who introduced me, and, knowing the prisoner was in the habit of going to Debenham's sales, I bought it inno
<lb/>cently—another man was with him whom I have seen at Debenham's sales—it might have been 35
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I gave—I had no bill—I did not give a receipt, he did not ask for one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-146" type="surname" value="TEMPLE"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-146" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES TEMPLE</persName> </hi>. I keep the Craven Head, Drury Lane—I have seen the prisoner there more than three or four times—he offered me a moire antique for sale—he asked me if I wanted it, if I would have it for my wife—I do not know whether he said what the price was—I bought a black satin dress of him—I cannot be sure whether I gave 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for it—I gave it up to the policeman Carter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you know that he was in the habit of attend
<lb/>ing Debenham's sales?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I have met him there—I have seen him offer other things for sale.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you see him attending Debenham's sales in April, 1865, or for four months after that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, not to my know
<lb/>ledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-147" type="surname" value="CUSHWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-147" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC CUSHWAY</persName> </hi>. I am warehouseman to Messrs. Taylor and Stokes, of Friday Street—they are large manufacturers of moire antiques, satins, and silks—I examined the stock when the robbery was found out—between the 1st of January and the 31st of December, 1866, when I took the stock, there was a deficiency of about 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth—I missed forty-one moire antique dresses, value 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; also forty-four dozen and a half of satin handkerchiefs, value 149
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., trade prices—this moire antique was manufactured by Taylor and Stokes—it is worth about nine guineas, trade price—a West End house, I dare say, would charge twelve guineas for it—there were dresses missing from my employer's stock corresponding to this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-148" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-148" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CARTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 117
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). I received this piece of satin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from Mr. Temple, publican, Drury Lane, and this from Mr. Dodd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-149" type="surname" value="CUSHWAT"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-149" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC CUSHWAT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). This piece, received from Temple, was manufactured by Taylor and Stokes—I know it by a mark—I have got the fellow piece in my pocket, marked the same—the mark would have been 3098, but the dress has taken the first number away, and therefore it is 098—I produce this piece from Messrs. Taylor's stock—I have exa
<lb/>mined the piece from Messrs. Taylor's stock, and it is the fellow piece to this produced to-day—the trade price would be 120
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I cannot give the retail price, because it is only used for old gentlemen—it is rich enough for dresses, but not made for that—the trade price of this piece, received from Dodd, is 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—it is my employer's manufacture—the number is 707—it is a number put on the dresses to let us know our goods from other people's—it is a number missing from the stock, and so is the other.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Can you form any notion about how long ago the robbery commenced?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have no idea—Morrell asked me for some shawls from my shop—I keep a draper's shop—I thought he might want hem for his own family—I don't know that my employers ever gave him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280036"/>
<p>damaged silk to sell—I should think they did not—damaged pieces of silk have been given to me to sell—I dare say I have sold 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth—Mr. Taylor does not deal in shawls; he never had any—I swear that I did not give Morrell shawls to sell on commission—I do not know that I said, "On commission," before the Magistrate, my recollection is that I did not—I said, "On sale or return"—if I had said, "On com
<lb/>mission," when my deposition was read over to me I should have con
<lb/>tradicted it there and then—Morrell was in the prosecutor's employ three years, as near as possible—I cannot tell during what period these were taken away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Can you say they have been taken since the 31st of December, 1865?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; Messrs. Taylor have a large stock—this piece of moire antique is not damaged—the goods missing are not damaged goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who had charge of the property?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was ware-houseman, and had charge from nine o'clock—a housekeeper sleeps on the premises—most of them were taken before I was there—Morrell's proper time to come was nine o'clock.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-150" type="surname" value="WOOLNOW"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-150" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA WOOLNOW</persName> </hi>. I am housekeeper to Messrs. Taylor and Stokes, and live on the premises—during my management Morrell came eight or nine times to the warehouse before nine; sometimes at half-past eight, sometimes at twenty minutes to nine, before Mr. Cushway came—he sometimes stayed in, and sometimes went out before nine, making excuses for doing so—that was before any of the rest of the establishment came.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you think of mentioning it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was once men
<lb/>tioned to Mr. Cushway, and Morrell said he had been to see a friend off by railway, and that was why he came early—it was not mentioned to I Mr. Cushway that he came several times before nine.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-151" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-151" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT CARTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 117
<hi rend="italic">E</hi>). On the 6th of December I went to No. 3, Mather's Court, Wapping, and found the prisoner there—I told him I was a police constable, and was going to charge him with receiving silk at different times from a young man named Morrell—he said, "All right"—I said, "Do you quite know, Sylvester, what you are charged I with?"—he said, "No, I don't know what you mean 'at different times; I have only bought two moire antiques, and gave 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for one"—I asked him if he had the receipt for that, and he said, "No"—I then took him to I the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-231-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-231-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-231-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-232">
<interp inst="t18670128-232" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-232" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-232-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18670128 t18670128-232-offence-1 t18670128-232-verdict-1"/>
<p>232.
<persName id="def1-232-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-232-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18670128" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18670128" type="surname" value="CLAYTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18670128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES CLAYTON</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-232-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-232-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-232-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18670128-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-153" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-232-offence-1 t18670128-name-153"/>John Marsh</persName>, with intent to escape from his custody.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm. </rs>
<hi rend="italic">He</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-232-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-232-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-232-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">to unlawfully wounding.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18670128-232-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-232-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-232-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18670128 t18670128-232-punishment-35"/>Confined Eight Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-233">
<interp inst="t18670128-233" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-233" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-233-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18670128 t18670128-233-offence-1 t18670128-233-verdict-1"/>
<p>233.
<persName id="def1-233-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-233-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18670128" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18670128" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS JOHN BARNES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18670128-233-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-233-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-233-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and cor
<lb/>rupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-155" type="surname" value="RYDER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-155" type="given" value="THOMAS GREENAWAY"/>THOMAS GREENAWAY RYDER</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Vicar-General's Office, Doctors' Commons—Dr. Robinson is a surrogate there—I produce one of the forms—we prepare them ourselves in the office—it was after
<lb/>wards taken before Dr. Robinson and there sworn, and after the affidavit the licence issued.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> This is a form prepared from the instructions of a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280037"/>
<p>party applying for a marriage licence?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Some instructions were given to us, and we filled in this—with the exception of the signature of the party and the signature of Dr. Robinson, it is filled up by us—there are three clerks in the Vicar-General's Office, and it might be filled up by one or other—it is always filled up and read over to the parties before the signature is attached—this is in the writing of the chief clerk of the Vicar-General's Office.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is the affidavit signed before it leaves your office?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Always—the oath is administered in Dr. Robinson's chambers—the parties are accompanied by one of the clerks in the Vicar-General's Office, who takes back the affidavit to the Vicar-General's Office, and then the licence is granted—this is a licence—it is my own writing—there is no other document than the affidavit upon which the licence is granted.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say you prepared this from the instructions of the person who applied; do you know who applied?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-156" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROBINSON</persName> </hi>, D.D. On the 3rd of November last this document was sworn before me—the course is that the document is put into my hands, signed by the party making the affidavit—I say to him, "That is your handwriting, and you believe the contents to be true, so help you God?"—a clerk from the Vicar-General's Office is with him at the time—that is the invariable practice.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You know nothing about this case individually?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Nothing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-157" type="surname" value="SYDENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-157" type="given" value="HENRY"/>THE REV. HENRY SYDENHAM</persName> </hi>. I am incumbent of the parish church of St. George's-in-the-East—I produce a licence, upon the autho
<lb/>rity of which I performed a marriage between Thomas John Barnes and Emily Bow—the prisoner is the person—questions are always asked after the marriage as to the age of the persons married—I asked him questions, and he said his wife was of full age—he gave his address, 69, Johnson Street—this is an entry made at the time (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you copy most of those things from the license, to that book, or do you ask the questions?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—it is in my own writing—I am not prosecuting this case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who gave you the licence?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was brought to me by my verger on the day before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-158" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-158" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>THOMAS JOHN BARNES</persName> </hi>. I have no hesitation in saying that this is in my son's writing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that further evidence would be required to show that the same person wuo signed the affidavit swore to it.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLET</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated he could not prove this, and therefore withdrew from the prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-233-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-233-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-233-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FOURTH COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1867.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-234">
<interp inst="t18670128-234" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-234" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-234-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18670128 t18670128-234-offence-1 t18670128-234-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-234-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-234-18670128 t18670128-234-offence-1 t18670128-234-verdict-2"/>
<p>234.
<persName id="def1-234-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-234-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18670128" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18670128" type="surname" value="MOULTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18670128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MOULTON</hi> (36)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-234-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-234-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-234-18670128" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def2-234-18670128" type="surname" value="MAHOMET"/>
<interp inst="def2-234-18670128" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN MAHOMET</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-234-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-234-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-234-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Rob
<lb/>bery with violence on
<persName id="t18670128-name-161" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-161" type="surname" value="DE BOER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-161" type="given" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-161" type="occupation" value="shipwright"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-234-offence-1 t18670128-name-161"/>Levy de Boer</persName>, and stealing nineteen shillings, a pair of boots, and other articles, his property.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, feloniously re
<lb/>ceiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-162" type="surname" value="DE BOER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-162" type="given" value="LEVY"/>LEVY DE BOER</persName> </hi>. I am a shipwright, of 12, Robert Street, Limehouse—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280038"/>
<p>on the 14th of January, about four o'clock in the afternoon, I was passing Rich Street, not far from my house—I met the prisoner, who asked me if I had anything for him to do, and I said, "No"—he said, "Will you treat me?"—I said, "No," and he then gave me a dig in the nose with his fist, and kicked me in the privates—I fell down, and became
<hi rend="italic">insensate</hi>—when I came to myself I was lying a little further off from where I fell—I lost nineteen shillings from my watch pocket, a pair of boots, a coat, a necktie, a pair of cuffs, and a cap—I have seen them since—I had seen the prisoner often passing by there before—I am quite sure he is the man—I had a good view of him—I could see his face—I afterwards pointed him out to the constable—I have been under the hands of a surgeon since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner Moulton. Q.</hi> Did anybody assault you at eleven o'clock at night?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I was never at your house at any time—I never borrowed sixpence of you—it is not true that I was in your house all day, sleeping with a woman—I have only seen the female prisoner pass up and down the road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-163" type="surname" value="HOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-163" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL HOLTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi> 26
<hi rend="italic">K</hi>). From information I received, I went to the prosecutor's house on the morning of the 15th of January, about twenty minutes past one—I found him apparently in great pain—I then went to a house in a court in Rich Street, where I found Mahomet—the prose
<lb/>cutor followed me there—Moulton came in about half-past one in the morning, and the prosecutor pointed to him and said, "That is the man who knocked me down, kicked me, and hit me in the nose"—the prisoner said, "He came to the house about half-past seven o'clock in the morning; he went to bed with a girl, and slept with her all day; when he got up he struck me, I struck him, and took my own part"—the prosecutor said, "I have never been in the house; I never struck the man; it is all false what he says"—I then searched the house, and found a pair of boots and a cap in a cupboard upstairs, which were identified by the prose
<lb/>cutor—Moulton said, "The old woman has pledged the coat; she got nineteen shillings on it"—I asked him where the ticket was—he said, "I believe she has got it in her pocket"—he then said, "I will search your pocket, and see whether you have got the ticket"—Mahomet said, "Take care; do not put it in my pocket, and say I have done it"—he then searched her pocket—I went into another room, Moulton came after me, and said, "What is this lying on the table?"—I said it looked like a ticket, and took it off the table—he said it was a ticket—it was not on the table when I first went in—I found a coat at the pawnbroker's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner Moulton. Q.</hi> Did you ask me if I could unlock the drawers?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and you did so—you took a bundle of keys out of her pocket—I told the prosecutor where I was going on the way to the prisoner's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner Mahomet. Q.</hi> Were not my keys taken out of my pocket at the station?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, but after Moulton took them out he put them in again—you were drunk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q</hi>. Did you go there in consequence of an address which the prosecutor gave you, or from a description of the persons?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From a description of the persons—he did not name any house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-164" type="surname" value="SHEEN"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-164" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SHEEN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to William Nathan, a pawnbroker, of Limehouse—this great coat (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was pawned on the 14th of January for nineteen shillings by Mahomet, in the name of
<persName id="t18670128-name-165">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-165" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<rs id="t18670128-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18670128-name-165 t18670128-alias-4"/>Clark</rs> </persName>, between five and six in the evening.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-166" type="surname" value="DE BOER"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-166" type="given" value="LEVY"/>LEVY DE BOKR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This great coat is my property—I had it on the afternoon in question.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186701280039"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18670128-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18670128-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-167" type="surname" value="BROWNFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-name-167" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW BROWNFIELD</persName> </hi>, M.R.C.S. I am a divisional surgeon, and practise at 171, East India Road—on the 15th of January, about half-past two, I called at the station, and found the prosecutor there, suffering from contusion of the testicles and the perineum—he was in great pain—a kick on those parts would produce what I saw—he is not under my care now, but he is not able to do any work—it will be some time before those parts get quite well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Monitors Defence.</hi> I do not deny the assault, but I deny the time the prosecutor states it was done; and then I should not have struck him without he struck me. He came to my bedroom door and demanded me to open it, and when I opened it he kicked me. That was between eleven and twelve o'clock at night, an hour before I was taken.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Mahomet's Defence.</hi> I have only three keys, and they were taken from me at the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOULTON</hi>
<rs id="t18670128-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18670128-234-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-234-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-234-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18670128 t18670128-234-punishment-36"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Eighteen Months.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAHOMET</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18670128-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the second Count.—
<rs id="t18670128-234-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-234-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-234-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-234-18670128 t18670128-234-punishment-37"/>Confined Nine</rs>. Months.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18670128-235">
<interp inst="t18670128-235" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18670128"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-235" type="date" value="18670128"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-235-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18670128 t18670128-235-offence-1 t18670128-235-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-235-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-235-18670128 t18670128-235-offence-1 t18670128-235-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-235-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-235-18670128 t18670128-235-offence-1 t18670128-235-verdict-4"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-235-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-235-18670128 t18670128-235-offence-1 t18670128-235-verdict-5"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18670128-235-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-235-18670128 t18670128-235-offence-1 t18670128-235-verdict-1"/>
<p>235.
<persName id="def1-235-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-235-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18670128" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18670128" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18670128" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY WEST</hi> (50)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-235-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-235-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-235-18670128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-235-18670128" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="def2-235-18670128" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BUTCHER</hi> (18)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-235-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-235-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-235-18670128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def3-235-18670128" type="surname" value="BOWDEY"/>
<interp inst="def3-235-18670128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BOWDEY</hi> (18)</persName>,
<persName id="def4-235-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-235-18670128" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def4-235-18670128" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def4-235-18670128" type="surname" value="WATERHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="def4-235-18670128" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH ANN WATERHOUSE</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def5-235-18670128" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-235-18670128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def5-235-18670128" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def5-235-18670128" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="def5-235-18670128" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES STOKES</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18670128-235-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18670128-235-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18670128-235-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id</