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<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</p>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>LAWRENCE, MAYOR.</p>
<p>SEVENTH SESSION, HELD MAY 9TH, 1864.</p>
<p>MINUTES OF EVIDENCE,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY</p>
<p>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</p>
<p>AND</p>
<p>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>ROLLS CHAMBERS, No. 89, CHANCERY LANE.</p>
<p>VOL LX</p>
<p>Sess. VII to XII</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>BUTTERWORTHS, 7, FLEET STREET,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090002"/>
<p>THE</p>
<p>WHOLE PROCEEDINGS</p>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>OYER AND TERMINER AND GAOL DELIVERY,</p>
<p>FOR</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE</p>
<p>COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, AND THE PARTS OF THE COUNTIES OF ESSEX, KENT, AND SURREY WITHIN THE JURISDICTION</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT,</p>
<p>Held on Monday, May 9th, 1864, and following days.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE THE RIGHT HON</hi>.
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM LAWRENCE, LORD MAYOR</hi> of the City of London; the Hon. Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">EDWARD VAUGHAN WILLIAMS</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. F.S.A.; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Alder
<lb/>men of the City of London;
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSELL GURNEY</hi>, Esq., Q. C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM FERNELEY ALLEN</hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN JOSEPH MECHI</hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES ABBISS</hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT BESLEY</hi>, Esq.; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">SILLS JOHN GIBBONS</hi>, Esq., Aldermen of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS CHAMBERS</hi>, Esq., Q.C., Common Serjeant of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT MALCOLM KERR</hi>, Esq., Judge of the Sheriff's Court; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HILARY NICHOLAS NISSEN</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS CAVE</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN WILSON NICHOLSON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES GAMMON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAWRENCE, MAYOR. SEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1864.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<p>489.
<persName id="def1-489-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-489-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-18640509" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-18640509" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="def1-489-18640509" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY READ</hi> (53)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-489-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-489-18640509" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-489-18640509" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-489-18640509" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="def2-489-18640509" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIA READ</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-489-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-489-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-489-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, and other bank-notes, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-3" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-3" type="surname" value="HANKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-489-offence-1 t18640509-name-3"/>Joseph Hankin</persName>, now deceased.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE, POLAND</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-4" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-4" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-4" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN VICKERS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live at 16, Lansdowne-road North, Dalston—I had a relation named Joseph Hankin—with the exception of my mother, I was his nearest relation, as far as I know—he used to live with me, but afterwards went to reside with the female prisoner, at 2, Union-court, Stoke Newington—she is a monthly nurse, and her husband is a road-scraper—he lived there eighteen or twenty months—the female prisoner told me that he paid her twelve shillings a week for his board—I was in the place very frequently, nearly every Sunday—before he went there, he had placed 560
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in my possession, which I returned to him, in November, 1859—I last saw it in March, 1862, the whole amount; it was in notes and gold—in July, 1862, be spoke to me about making a will, and I asked the prisoner and her husband to come up stairs and sign the will—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">Produced. This was dated</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">d July</hi>, 1863;
<hi rend="italic">it left the whole of his property to Mary Ann Vickers, after payment of his debts and funeral expenses. Signed, "Joseph Hankin, in the presence of David Read and Maria Read"</hi>)—I wrote this will in pencil from his dictation, and afterwards took it to Mr. Howarth, my brother-in-law, who copied it—Mrs. Read was not present when I had any conversation with the deceased about money—he died on 26th November last, and I went to the house about three or four hours afterwards—I went straight to the box where the deceased had told me that his money was, to take it, but only found about 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I went down stairs, and said, "Mrs. Read, you must be aware that my cousin had money to live upon; all he possessed in the world was in this house. I cannot find it: do you know anything about it?"—I believe the male prisoner was present—she said, "I know nothing about it"—I said, "He had money to a large amount in this house; bank-notes to a large amount"—she said, "Bank-notes! I had no idea he had any money at all. I never saw any of his money, beyond what he paid me weekly for his board and lodging, you know Mrs. French has been to see him, and stayed with him till 7 o'clock in the evening, and left him in a</p>
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<p>state of stupor, and so he remained for several days, and, perhaps, she may know something about the money; and an old gentleman has been to see him"—I left after that conversation, and went to seek out Mrs. French—I went to the prisoners' again a day or two afterwards, and saw the prisoners—the male prisoner asked me if I had found out Mrs. French—I said, "Yes, I have, and she will come here"—that was all the conversation of any importance—on the Monday or Tuesday following, I went again, with Mr. Howarth, and my mother settled with them—Mrs. Read said that all the deceased owed her was ten shillings, which my mother paid—Mrs. Read said that he paid her regularly twelve shillings a week from his bed—Mr. Howarth asked her if Mr. Hankin had, in his lifetime, made her a present of money, or clothing, or jewellery, or any of her family—she said, "No, Sir, never, to my knowledge"—Henry Read then said, "Mother, do not say another word; let them go to law with us"—Henry Read wrote this receipt, and his mother signed it—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "Mrs. Read to Miss Vickers. Board and lodging for Mr. Hankin, up to the time of his death, 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. Paid, Maria Read.")—on 8th January, I went again, with Inspector Langdon—I went in first, and said that I had brought a gentleman to question her about this money—I said, "Do you know him?"—she said, "No, I have not that pleasure"—he then asked her if she knew Mr. Hankin had any money—she said, No, he had not any money, that she knew of, and that Miss Vickers and her mother knew all that there was—Langdon then produced a piece of paper, and said, "This is some information from the Bank of England. You are the woman who has changed the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note"—she said, "I know I did; he gave me the money"—Henry Read then came running down stairs, and said, "Charge us with robbery; charge us with robbery"—that was before he was accused—I then said, "You are the man that changed the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes"—Langdon said to Mrs. Read, "What witnesses have you?"—she said, "None, but my own children"—a Coroner's inquest was held in February, at which I heard Mrs. Read state that she changed a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note in December, 1863—the deceased kept the 560
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in a box in his room by itself, and the other money he had he kept in a separate box—after his death, I found the box in which he had kept the 560
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but it was not there—the rest of the money which he paid his way with, was in a tea-caddy, which I found—he also had a little plate and jewellery, and his wife's clothing—I went with Inspector Langdon when the house was searched, and, in a room up stairs, which the deceased had occupied, was found a tea-caddy, a silk dress, and a hearthrug—the daughter found those things—when I asked about a brooch, she said that it was not in the house, but she sent for it—Mrs. Read was not there; but I heard her solicitor say, that he had the brooch—the deceased's habits were very reserved, very mean and close, and very quiet—he was paralyzed for some time before he died, but was better towards the last—he has been bed-ridden, but he could get up afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had he lodged with you and your mother?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, at Stoke Newington, in the High-road, up to March, 1862—I gave him back the box in 1859, the same year in which he gave it to me—it was locked—I gave him the key with it, and never had it after
<lb/>wards; but I saw the contents of the box afterwards, previous to his leaving me—that was in the same month of March—I did not see the con
<lb/>tents of the box after he left me—when I saw it in March, 1862, I saw that the contents were just the same as when I had it in my possession—it would be quite wrong to say that I did not see the box since February, 1859—there were two or three letters of mine, which I had sent him, in the box when</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090005"/>
<p>I saw the contents—it is in March, 1862—it was not full of papers; it only had the notes and gold and my letters in it—the papers were on the top—I did not open them—the box was, to all appearance, the same in March, 1862, as when it left my custody—that was the date of my relative going to the Reads; he went straight to them when he left in March, 1862, without any interval between—three hours after the death, Henry Read came and fetched my mother in a cab—I was in London—he telegraphed for me on his way to their house, and I arrived about 2 o'clock—I have not got the telegram here—Henry Read was in and out the whole time, and I believe he was present the whole time I am speaking of—it was on the evening of the death that Mrs. French's name was mentioned, when I could not find the money—Henry Read wrote the account, I think, by his mother's dictation; she stood by his elbow—the interview of 8th January lasted about a quarter of an hour—I had been in the house about five minutes when Henry Read came running down stairs—it was not so long as ten minutes—he came down directly afterwards, and I said directly, "You are the young man that changed the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What relation are you to the deceased?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Second cousin; my mother was first cousin—he ceased to live with me, as I went to live with my mother—I could not take him there, and he said, "Will you get me a lodging close by, where you can see to me?"—it was about a quarter of a mile from me—I happened to have the prisoner's younger son living with me as errand-boy—the deceased was putting his boxes to rights Just before he went, and he called me into the room, and said, "I am packing up my things; I am going to leave, and you must come and see me as often as you can—he was not rattier annoyed at going away; he was a very good-natured man—I never heard him speak ill of any one—he had lived with me from July, 1859—he had then just lost his wife, and he was very ill—he sent for me before he left his house, at Hornsey, and, putting the money into my hands, said that he wished to come and live with me—I fetched him a week afterwards; but I did not give it back to him till the November following—my mother was on very good terms with him—she was there on the Tuesday previous to his death, on Thursday—she was at the Coroner's inquest, but was not called—I summoned both the prisoners to the inquest as witnesses, but I left it entirely in the inspector's hands—they were present—I expressed a wish that they should be examined—I suggested that the old man met his death improperly, as he died so suddenly—I did not say, at the hands of these people—I was very dissatisfied—I did not cause questions to be put to them by the Coroner; but it came out—the Coroner asked the questions—Mr. Hunt and Mrs. Read admitted changing these notes—Henry Read was present, but was not examined—although Mr. Hankin was bed-ridden, I have seen him put his legs out of bed and sit on the side of it; and when he took his meals, he fed himself—I cannot say whether he could get about the room.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was Mrs. Read represented by an attorney at the inquest?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; by Mr. Beard—I was not represented by an attorney—I heard Mrs. "Read decline to answer questions put to her—it was her duty to furnish the deceased with food—she said that he agreed to pay her ten shillings a week to board and attend to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-5" type="surname" value="HOWARTH"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-5" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HOWARTH</persName> </hi>. I live at 16, Lansdowne-road North, Dalston, and am a commercial traveller—I am brother-in-law to the last witness—I went with her to the house of Mrs. Read—I said to her, in the presence of the male prisoner, that it was a very unpleasant thing both for her and Miss Vickers, but would she have any objection to answer the question, did Mr. Hankin, in his</p>
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<p>lifetime, give her, or any of her family, a present of any money, or anything?—she said, never, to her knowledge; that her two sons had a new shilling each last Christmas time, and that was all the money she ever knew Mr. Hankin to give—Mrs. French's name was mentioned, and likewise an old gentleman who had been there—I copied the will that has been produced—it is not my composition; it is simply a copy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-6" type="surname" value="CURWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-6" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CURWEN</persName> </hi>. I was the stock-broker to the deceased—I produce two cheques which I drew in his favour; one dated 26th March, 1858, for 291
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and one dated 13th October, 1858, for 207
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., on the Bank of England.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-7" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-7" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WILLIS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Bank of England—Mr. Curwen keeps an account there—both these cheques were cancelled by me—for that 291
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque, I gave one 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 69,306, dated 11th March, 1857, nine 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, Nos. 17,302 and onwards, dated 8th February, 1858, and one sovereign—for the 207
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque I gave two 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, Nos. 29,334 and 29,335, dated 5th June, 1858, one 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 44,818, dated 14th August, and two sovereigns.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-8" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-8" type="given" value="RICHARD ADYE"/>RICHARD ADYE BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I produce a Bank of England note for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. No. 69,306, dated 11th March, 1857—it was changed on 29th June last.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How have you ascertained that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> By examining the Bank-books, and I took the note off the file for that day—all notes changed on a particular day are kept on a particular file.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is each note as it is cashed placed on a particular file?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I have been in the Bank twenty-eight years; that has always been the custom—I took this note from the file of 29th June, 1863—I also produce two 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes and seven tens—they are the notes spoken to by Mr. Willis—one of the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes I took from the file of 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> December, 1863, and the other from the file of 7th September, 1863—two of the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes I took from the file of 7th May, 1863; two from the file of 30th March, 1863, and two from files of December, 1863—the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note was changed in the hall of the Bank, and the two 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes also—there is an endorsement on the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note: "Maria Reed, 2, Union-place, Dalston"—the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 29,334, has on it "William Read, Hackney-road," and the other 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note has "Maria Read, 2, Union-place, Stoke Newington"—two of the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes changed on 7th May, 1863, have "H. Read, 2, Union-place, High-street, Stoke Newington," and No. 17,304 has" H. Read" on it and no address—none of the others have "Read" on them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are not these endorsements very often made by the clerks?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I don't think any clerk would dare to make an endorsement on a note—if a person could not write, he would be told to make a cross, and the clerk might then put So-and-so, his mark—they do not write the addresses; they tell every one to write their own address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-9" type="surname" value="HOWARTH"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-9" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HOWARTH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I have seen Henry Read write; I believe the "H. Read" on this 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note to be his writing, and here is one other as to which I am of the same opinion—these are the only two I recognise.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-10" type="surname" value="PEELING"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-10" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PEELING</persName> </hi>. My uncle keeps the Crown and Castle public-house, Kingsland-gate—I recollect Henry Read bringing a note some months ago; I do not recollect the amount of it—I got the change for it from my uncle, and gave it to him—I never changed any other note for him—I got him to put his name on it, but I should not like to swear to it—I did not take particular notice of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you known him before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; for some years—I always believed him to be a respectable young man.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090009"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know anything of Mrs. Read?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have known her for some time as a customer—as far as I know she always bore a good character.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know what Henry Read is?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I understood he was a grocer's assistant—I don't know why he left his last situation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-11" type="surname" value="CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-11" type="given" value="DONALD"/>DONALD CAMERON</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller—I was formerly in business as a draper at Stoke Newington—I changed these three 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes for Mrs. Read, one on 6th March, 1863, one on the 27th, and the other on 10th December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did Mrs. Read change the third one?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was changed for Mrs. Read by the daughter; she came alone—the two first I changed for Mrs. Read—I put my name on them—Mrs. Read's name does not appear on either of them—I knew her for eight years pre
<lb/>vionsly; I should not have changed the notes for her if I had not known her to be a respectable woman—I don't know whether she can write.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How near was your place to the prisoners?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About 150 yards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-12" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-12" type="surname" value="WOLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-12" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN WOLLARD</persName> </hi>. I recollect laying out Mr. Hankin—I found his keys in a little bag under his head; there were two sovereigns in the bag with the keys—Mrs. Read told me that Miss Vickers had got to bury him—I gave the keys to Mrs. Read—I said to her a long time ago that I thought Mr. Hankin had money, and she said she did not think he had any—that may be sixteen or seventeen months ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did Mr. Hankin occasionally get out of bed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I never saw him: I never was in the house; I have seen him sitting at the window—I don't know that he was out of bed then—his bed was close to the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-13" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-13" type="surname" value="SEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-13" type="given" value="ADA"/>ADA SEWELL</persName> </hi>. I live at 10, Albion-terrace, Stoke Newington—I was a district-visitor in the place where the prisoners lived, for the purpose of giving charity to those who required it—during the last year I visited the house—I generally saw Mrs. Read once a week—she always told me she was very poor; she was a nurse—in February, 1863, I gave Mr. Hankin relief; that was from what Mrs. Read said—about three weeks before his death, I asked her how he paid her—she said she did not know anything at all about his means; he paid her from his bed every week—after his death Mrs. Read had some coals from me at Christmas, like other poor people, at a re
<lb/>duced price, she paid 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a ton, and we paid 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; and she received the Christmas gifts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I suppose you do not require persons to prove that they are poor before they receive coals?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> All the persons we visit are considered poor—they put by a few halfpence at a time, or what they like.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say you gave Mr. Hankin relief did you give it to him or to Mrs. Read?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> To Mrs. Read for him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-14" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM READ</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher's assistant in the Hackney-road, and am the son of the female prisoner—in December last I changed a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note for my mother—this is my endorsement on it—this "Maria Read" on this 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 29,335, is my mother's writing—the endorsement on the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note is not her writing—she spells her name "Read"—it came up in con
<lb/>versation that she was going to change a note, and I said, "I am going that way to-morrow; I will change it for you;" and she said, "Very well; take care of it"—I got gold for it, and handed it over to her—she did not tell me where she got the note from.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090010"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How old are you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Twenty-five—my brother is twenty-one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know the writing on this note?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is Henry Read's—(
<hi rend="italic">the note not spoken to by Howarth</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-15" type="surname" value="LANGDON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-15" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LANGDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-inspector</hi>). On 8th January last, I went with Miss Vickers to the house of the female prisoner; I was in plain clothes—I told her I was a police-officer, and I had come to make some inquiries with reference to Mr. Hankin, the gentleman who died there a short time ago—I said, "I want to ask you a few questions with reference to his money; be careful how you answer them; did he previous to that give you any money, monies' worth, or property?"—she said, "Oh, dear, no; he had no money for himself; he would have died from want if it had not been for me"—at this time the male prisoner came down stairs—I then took a piece of paper from my pocket, and said, "How do you account, Mrs. Read, for the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note you changed at the Bank of England for gold?"—the male prisoner said, "Mother, don't you answer another question; let them take you into custody"—I said, "I am not talking to you, I am talk
<lb/>ing to your mother"—the female prisoner paused for a second, and then said, "I did change the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note; it was given to me by Mr. Hankin pre
<lb/>vious to his death; it was his wish that I should have all his property, as his friends had not behaved well to him"—some further conversation took place, but I have no recollection of what it was; I believe Miss Vickers accused the male prisoner of changing some of the notes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did Mrs. Read also say that Mr. Hankin wished his relations not to know anything about it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not to me—I did not hear her say so—I was before the coroner—I did not hear her say so there—she might have said so—I was at the further end of the room when she was examined.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-16" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-16" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-16" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN VICKERS</persName> </hi>. The late Mr. Joseph Hankin was my first cousin—I was on good terms with him up to the time of his death—I saw him on the Tuesday before he died—there is no pretence for saying we were not on friendly terms—we were always on very good terms.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You did not go to see him very much, did you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, we did; I saw him on the Tuesday, as he died on the Thursday morning—I could not say how often I had seen him during the time he was at Mrs. Read's—I saw him a great many times—I frequently used to go; he always wished us to go, and always was very glad to see us, and told us to come again as soon as we could.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MISS VICKERS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you remember hearing Mrs. Read say that Mr. Hankin did not wish his relations to know of his giving them money?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I do not recollect it; not when Inspector Langdon was speaking to her—I was speaking to the son part of the time—I have no recollection of her saying so before the coroner; she might have said so—Mrs. Read did not hand the will to me—I had the will in my charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-17" type="surname" value="BROOKER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-17" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK BROOKER</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer's assistant—the prisoner, Henry Read, was fellow-assistant with me—(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposed to ask this witness as to character of Henry Read in reply to the cross-examinations of one of the witnesses as to the prisoner's good character.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to the inquiry. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of the opinion it was not admissible</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-18" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-18" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-18" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA HART</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's daughter—my husband is a signalman on the North London Railway—at the latter part of 1863 I was living at my mother's house; I was married at that time—I remember old Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090011"/>
<p>Hankin—I know he gave my mother money several times—I was not pre
<lb/>sent at any money transactions, but I know he gave my mother money, because she told me so—I have been once or twice present in the bedroom—I have seen Mr. Hankin give my mother Bank of England notes, but I don't know of what amounts—I have seen notes afterwards; I can't say when it was—he said when he gave them that it was for mother's past kindness to him—that was more than once—I can't say for certainty how many times I have seen him give her money; it might be two or three times, or four times; I can't say—after I have seen him do that, I have seen my mother in possession of notes—I know there was one note for 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; that I saw her in possession of—I can't say how long that was after I had seen him give her money; it was shortly after—I have seen her in possession of other notes—I know she has had them—she kept it a secret—it was to be kept secret; I heard Mr. Hankin say so; I can't say why; he said she was not to tell any one—I have beard him say that his relations did not care anything at all about him; that they had turned him out of house and home—I have heard him say that more than once.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When did you see the first notes given?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> That I can't say; it might be in February, 1863—I can't say positively—I can't say how many notes were given then—I can't say when I first saw the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note in my mother's possession—she did not often have 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes—I can't say for certain when it was she had it—it was in the summer-time, I believe, but I could not say—I call the summer June, July, and August—it was in June or July, 1863, that I saw the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note in her possession—I am quite certain of that—I only saw it once in her possession—that was immediately after Mr. Hankin had given it to her—I was not present when he gave it to her—I have been present when be has given her notes—I was present when the 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note was given—that was about September, 1863—he gave her that because she had been so kind to him; because she had stopped at home from her monthly nursing to attend upon him—he paid her 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week for board and lodging—I saw him give her several notes—I can't say what notes they were; mother never told me what notes he gave her—my brother Henry was never present when he gave her the notes, nor my brother William either—I was the only person that was present, because I attended upon him with my mother—he never gave me a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, nor a 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I recollect the Coroner's Inquest—I was summoned, but was not called—I was before the Magistrate—I did not give evidence—I believe my mother was four times before the Magistrate—I have not written down for Mr. Beard, the solicitor, what I was to say to-day—I have not been examined, or made any statement of what I could prove—I have not communicated to Mr. Beard what I could prove—I saw the gold after the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note was changed—it was spent—I can't say in what—I know my mother has spent it all—I have never seen any large sums of money in my brother's possession.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you go to the police-court?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was not able to attend the last time—I was there before, but was not called—I did not communicate with Mr. Beard before I went—I did not tell him anything about being present in the house when the money was given—he knew I was present—I have told him about being present, and seeing the money given—I can't say when it was—I did not tell him about the money—I was living at my mother's ail through 1863, and 1862 also.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY READ</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-489-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-489-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-489-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIA READ</hi>.—
<rs id="t18640509-489-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-489-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-489-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-489-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-489-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-489-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-489-18640509 t18640509-489-punishment-1"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-490">
<interp inst="t18640509-490" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-490" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-490-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-490-18640509 t18640509-490-offence-1 t18640509-490-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090012"/>
<p>490.
<persName id="def1-490-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-490-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-490-18640509" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-490-18640509" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-490-18640509" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ADAMS</hi> (50)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-490-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-490-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-490-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>, Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18640509-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-20" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-20" type="surname" value="LOCKWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-20" type="given" value="ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-490-offence-1 t18640509-name-20"/>Annie Lockwood</persName>, with intent, &c.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORRY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-490-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-490-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-490-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-491">
<interp inst="t18640509-491" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-491" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-491-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-491-18640509 t18640509-491-offence-1 t18640509-491-verdict-1"/>
<p>491.
<persName id="def1-491-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-491-18640509" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-491-18640509" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-491-18640509" type="surname" value="HERITAGE"/>
<interp inst="def1-491-18640509" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE HERITAGE</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-491-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-491-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-491-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-491-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-491-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-491-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to stealing 1 blanket, and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-22" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-22" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-491-offence-1 t18640509-name-22"/>John William Cox</persName>, her master.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-491-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-491-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-491-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-491-18640509 t18640509-491-punishment-2"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-492">
<interp inst="t18640509-492" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-492" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-492-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-492-18640509 t18640509-492-offence-1 t18640509-492-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-492-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-492-18640509 t18640509-492-offence-2 t18640509-492-verdict-1"/>
<p>492.
<persName id="def1-492-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-492-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-492-18640509" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-492-18640509" type="surname" value="GOUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-492-18640509" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GOUGH</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-492-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-492-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-492-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, to stealing 2 baskets, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-24" type="surname" value="DUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-24" type="given" value="JOSEPH GOLDING"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-492-offence-1 t18640509-name-24"/>Joseph Golding Dunn</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>,
<rs id="t18640509-492-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-492-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-492-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>1 decanter, and 1 wine-glass, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-25" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-25" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-25" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-492-offence-2 t18640509-name-25"/>Henry Green</persName>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-492-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-492-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-492-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-492-18640509 t18640509-492-punishment-3"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Eight Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-492-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-492-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-492-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-493">
<interp inst="t18640509-493" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-493" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-493-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-493-18640509 t18640509-493-offence-1 t18640509-493-verdict-1"/>
<p>493.
<persName id="def1-493-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-493-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18640509" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18640509" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-493-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MURRAY</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-493-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-493-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-493-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, to stealing 1 watch, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-27" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-27" type="given" value="GEORGE RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-493-offence-1 t18640509-name-27"/>George Richard Smith</persName>, from his person, having been before convicted of felony.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-493-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-493-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-493-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-493-18640509 t18640509-493-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-493-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-493-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-493-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-494">
<interp inst="t18640509-494" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-494" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-494-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-494-18640509 t18640509-494-offence-1 t18640509-494-verdict-1"/>
<p>494.
<persName id="def1-494-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-494-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18640509" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18640509" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-494-18640509" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES ADAMS</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-494-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-494-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-494-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18640509-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-29" type="surname" value="STURGE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-29" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-494-offence-1 t18640509-name-29"/>Thomas Sturge</persName>, and stealing 1 lamp, and other goods, his property.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-494-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-494-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-494-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-494-18640509 t18640509-494-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Nine Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-494-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-494-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-494-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-495">
<interp inst="t18640509-495" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-495" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-495-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-495-18640509 t18640509-495-offence-1 t18640509-495-verdict-1"/>
<p>495.
<persName id="def1-495-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-495-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18640509" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18640509" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="def1-495-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SHAW</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-495-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-495-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-495-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18640509-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-31" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-31" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-495-offence-1 t18640509-name-31"/>James Archer</persName>, and stealing 2 shawls, and other articles, his property.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-495-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-495-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-495-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-495-18640509 t18640509-495-punishment-6"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Nine Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-495-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-495-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-495-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-496">
<interp inst="t18640509-496" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-496" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-496-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-496-18640509 t18640509-496-offence-1 t18640509-496-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-496-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-496-18640509 t18640509-496-offence-2 t18640509-496-verdict-1"/>
<p>496.
<persName id="def1-496-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-496-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18640509" type="surname" value="MALCOLM"/>
<interp inst="def1-496-18640509" type="given" value="RICHARD JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD JOHN MALCOLM</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18640509-496-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-496-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-496-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to stealing 18 shawls, and 2 shawls; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>,
<rs id="t18640509-496-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-496-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-496-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>three sums of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of
<persName id="t18640509-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-33" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-33" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-496-offence-2 t18640509-name-33"/>Stephen Evans</persName>, his master—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-496-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-496-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-496-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to Mercy by the Prosecutor,</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-496-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-496-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-496-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-496-18640509 t18640509-496-punishment-7"/>Confined Eighteen Months.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-497">
<interp inst="t18640509-497" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-497" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-497-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-497-18640509 t18640509-497-offence-1 t18640509-497-verdict-1"/>
<p>497.
<persName id="def1-497-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-497-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18640509" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18640509" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-497-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DALTON</hi> (20),</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-497-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-497-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-497-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> to stealing a purse and 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of
<persName id="t18640509-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-35" type="surname" value="URBAN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-35" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-497-offence-1 t18640509-name-35"/>Esther Urban</persName>, from her person.</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-497-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-497-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-497-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-497-18640509 t18640509-497-punishment-8"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Four Months</hi> </rs>,
<rs id="t18640509-497-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-497-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-497-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> and</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-498">
<interp inst="t18640509-498" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-498" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-498-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-498-18640509 t18640509-498-offence-1 t18640509-498-verdict-1"/>
<p>498.
<persName id="def1-498-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-498-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18640509" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18640509" type="surname" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-498-18640509" type="given" value="CHARLES JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES JAMES PATRICK</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-498-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-498-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-498-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling sums amounting to 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the money of
<persName id="t18640509-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-37" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN VOCE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-498-offence-1 t18640509-name-37"/>John Voce Moore</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-498-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-498-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-498-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-498-18640509 t18640509-498-punishment-9"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Nine Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-498-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-498-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-498-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 9
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1864.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-499">
<interp inst="t18640509-499" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-499" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-499-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-499-18640509 t18640509-499-offence-1 t18640509-499-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-499-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-499-18640509 t18640509-499-offence-1 t18640509-499-verdict-2"/>
<p>499.
<persName id="def1-499-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-499-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18640509" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18640509" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-499-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SIMMONS</hi> (59)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-499-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-499-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-499-18640509" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-499-18640509" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-499-18640509" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL DAVIS</hi> (21)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18640509-499-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-499-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-499-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">COLERIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-40" type="surname" value="TATT"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM TATT</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Rose and Crown, Lisson-grove—John-street is about a quarter of a mile from there—the prisoners lodged in our place fourteen or fifteen nights—Simmons lodged there three nights longer than Davis—they first came about six or seven weeks ago, between 8 and 9 at night—they came together—they bad one bed in a three-bedded room—they both went away one morning—after breakfast Simmons came back, stopped two nights, and he came to the bar the night he left and had some-thing to drink, stayed about ten minutes, and went out—I never saw him again till he was in custody—I saw Davis again on the Thursday following—he came for some collars he had left—he said he had come out of prison that same morning.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons. Q.</hi> How many persons lodged in that place besides us two?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Sometimes I have got thirty, and sometimes not above a dozen—I never took any money from either of you for lodging or eating and drinking—I have seen you in bed together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-41" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-41" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD HART</persName> </hi>. On 9th April, I was barman at Baker's Coffee-house, Quebec-street—I recollect Davis coming into the house on that evening, at half-past 9—he asked for half a quartern of rum, which was threepence, and gave me a bad half-crown—I saw it was bad directly, and tried it—I said it was a very peculiar sort of coin and called my brother, and. gave the half-crown to him—I went for a policeman, and Davis was given in charge—my brother gave the half-crown to the policeman.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090013"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-42" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-42" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HART</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of the last witness—I remember his giving me a half-crown on 9th April—I gave it to the constable, D 167, and gave Davis in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons. Q.</hi> Did you see me with Davis at the time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-43" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-43" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HUMPHREYS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, D</hi> 167). I took Davis into custody, and received this half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from the last witness—I searched Davis, and found four half-crowns, two florins, three shillings, and five pence half-penny, in copper, all good money; a dead rabbit, a piece of bread, and some envelopes and paper, new—he was taken before the Magistrate, remanded till the 14th, and then discharged at 12 o'clock in the day—I saw him again that day about 1 o'clock, in the Edgeware-road with Simmons—they were walking together in conversation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons. Q.</hi> Did you see me with Davis at the time you took him into custody?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; after Davis was discharged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-44" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-44" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>HENRY JAMES KING</persName> </hi>. I am a beer-seller, and live at 7, Little Weston-street—on 14th April, about half-past 7 in the evening, the prisoners came into my shop, and Simmons asked for a pint of six ale—I drew it for him, and he gave me a bad florin—I gave him the change, held the two shilling-piece in my hand, and tried it with my teeth—I said, "This coin will not do for me"—Davis said, "Oh, never mind; I will pay for it;" which he did with a good sixpence, and I gave him 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; change—they drank their ale and left the house—I gave them back the bad florin—I followed them when they left—they went into a public-house near—I waited till they came out, and then followed them to Mrs. Ridley's—I met a constable, and gave him some information—I saw them go into Mrs. Ridley's together—I passed the shop when Davis came out—I stood about ten yards off, and saw him watch through the window till Simmons came out, and then they both went away together—they crossed the New-road, and turned into the Allsopp Arms public-house—I saw them taken into custody shortly afterwards—I was with the constable—there is a mark on this florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) very much like the one I made.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons. Q.</hi> Can you swear to that being the same as I gave you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I cannot say that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-45" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-45" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-45" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA RIDLEY</persName> </hi>. I keep a chandler's shop in Little York-place—I saw the prisoners in my shop on 14th April, between 7 and 8 in the evening—Simmons spoke to me first—he asked me for half an ounce of tea, and a quarter of a pound of sixpenny sugar—while I was serving him the other one came in, and said, "I want half an ounce of tobacco, and I am in a hurry"—I said to Simmons, "You must wait; I believe you are first, but I will serve the other as he seems in a hurry"—Simmons turned round to Davis and said, "I think I am first"—Davis paid me three halfpence for the tobacco, and went out—I then served Simmons, and he gave me a two shilling piece in payment—threepence was the value of the tea and sugar—I gave him threepence, a sixpence, and a shilling in charge—he then went away, and I put the florin in the till—I had a threepenny piece and some coppers in the till; that was all—immediately after, a policeman came in, and in consequence of what he said I opened the till, and found the florin was bad—this is it—I can swear to it—I marked it with a knife, and gave it to the constable—he went out, and brought both the prisoners back—Simmons offered me the money back—I declined it, and gave them in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons. Q.</hi> How many persons serve in your shop besides yourself?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> At the time you were in no one else was serving—my daughter is there generally—there was a woman, a customer, in the shop when you were there.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CRAUFURD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did any one go to the till between the time of your putting the florin into it, and the constable coming in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, and no one else came into the shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-46" type="surname" value="WINFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-46" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WINFIELD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, D</hi> 323). I saw the prisoners coming out of Mrs. Ridley's shop on the evening of 14th April—I went into the shop, and she gave me this florin—I saw the prisoners go into the Allsopp Arms—I followed them there, and took Simmons into custody—my brother con
<lb/>stable took Davis—he was standing close by Simmons—I charged him with changing this bad florin—he said he knew nothing at all about it—shortly afterwards he said, "I remember going to the shop in the Mews, and buying half an ounce of tea and a quarter of a pound of sugar, and I gave that very florin"—at the station-house I found on him a half-crown, two shillings, three sixpences, and 9 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, all good money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-47" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-47" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA RIDLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I was at the Police-court when the prisoners were taken in charge—there was no money picked up on the floor of the court—I did not pick up any off the floor—nothing of the kind occurred.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons. Q.</hi> When you were at the Police-court did not the clerk ask you how you came in possession of the two-shilling piece?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The police-man laid down this florin on the desk, and I picked it up, as he put it down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-48" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PERRY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, D</hi> 242). I was on duty in Gloucester-place, on 14th April, and the prisoners were pointed out to me by King—they were walking together—I followed them, and saw Davis come out of Mrs. Ridley's shop, and stand outside till Simmons came out, and they then both came up together into Gloucester-place—I followed them to the Allsopp Arms public-house—we called them out, and I took Davis—I told him he was charged with being concerned with the other man in passing a bad two-shilling piece; he said he knew nothing of the other man—I took him to the station, searched him, and found three half-crowns, two florins, two shillings, a' four-penny piece, and 5 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, good money—I saw the constable lay the florin on the desk at the Police-court, and Mrs. Ridley picked it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-49" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-49" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Mint—this half-crown and florin are both bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statements before the Magistrate: Simmons</hi> says, "The piece of money was picked up on the floor in the Police-court; the Magistrate asked her how she came by it, and she said she had just picked it up."
<hi rend="italic">Davis</hi> says, "This day week Í met this man in the Edgeware-road, and asked him to tell me where I could get some lodgings; he went with me to a beer-shop in John-street; I went in and asked; they said they had room; I asked how much a week it would be, they said half a crown. I then called this man, and he asked me if I knew my way about London; I said, 'No'; he asked me to go with him, and he would show me about; we walked about a long time; I gave him a shilling; he asked me to have something to drink; he said he knew a place where there was a nice drop of ale; I went with him; he put his hand in his pocket to pay for it, and took out this two-shilling piece; the landlord said it was a bad one, and he asked me to pay for the ale; I gave a sixpence for it, and we went out to a little shop; I went in for some tobacco, and gave the woman two shillings; we went out, and this man said, 'Ain't you thirsty?' and we went into this public-house, and asked for a pint of six ale; the policeman came in there, and collared him, and they called me out and collared me."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Simmons' Defence.</hi> This man was an entire stranger to me before 14th April; I met him, and he asked me to get him some lodgings, and we went</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090015"/>
<p>to John-street to the beer shop. The woman finds this two-shilling piece in her till when the policeman asks her to look; she does not swear to it, or to the tea and sugar she served me with. I had no bad money found in my possession at this lodging house; there are about thirty or forty people, there is only one taproom, and we are obliged to associate together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Davis's Defence.</hi> I came away from home eight weeks ago. I knew nothing about Loudon. I was at work lour weeks. I changed two half-sovereigns.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SIMMONS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-499-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-499-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-499-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-499-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-499-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-499-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-500">
<interp inst="t18640509-500" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-500" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-500-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-500-18640509 t18640509-500-offence-1 t18640509-500-verdict-1"/>
<p>500.
<hi rend="italic">The said</hi>
<persName id="def1-500-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-500-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-500-18640509" type="age" value="59"/>
<interp inst="def1-500-18640509" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="def1-500-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SIMMONS</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18640509-500-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-500-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-500-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence. (</rs>
<hi rend="italic">The evidence of
<persName id="t18640509-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-51" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-51" type="given" value="HENRY JAMES"/>Henry James King</persName>,
<persName id="t18640509-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-52" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-52" type="surname" value="RIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-52" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>Louisa Ridley</persName>, and
<persName id="t18640509-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-53" type="surname" value="WINFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-53" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas Winfield</persName>, given in the last case, was read over to them, to which they assented.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> There was no money found in my possession, and this money was out of sight for five minutes, and then it went from the pro
<lb/>secutor's hand to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-500-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-500-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-500-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted at this Court in February</hi>, 1863,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to One Year's imprisonment; to this he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-500-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-500-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-500-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-500-18640509 t18640509-500-punishment-10"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-501">
<interp inst="t18640509-501" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-501" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-501-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-501-18640509 t18640509-501-offence-1 t18640509-501-verdict-1"/>
<p>501.
<persName id="def1-501-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-501-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-501-18640509" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-501-18640509" type="surname" value="CROCKETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-501-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CROCKETT</hi> (19)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18640509-501-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-501-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-501-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CRAUFURD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">M. J. O'CONNELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-55" type="surname" value="CRAWFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-55" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE CRAWFORD</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Britannia public-house, Hoxton—on 16th April I served the prisoner with a pint of beer, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.;—he gave me a bad shilling, I broke it in half in his presence, and he gave me a good one—my husband gave him in charge with the shilling.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-56" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-56" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARTER</persName> </hi>. I am check-taker at the Britannia Theatre—I went into the public-house when the policeman was sent for—I asked the prisoner if he had any more money about him—he made no reply, but handed me a fourpenny-piece, twopence, and a bad shilling, which I marked, and gave to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-57" type="surname" value="RUTT"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-57" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>ANTHONY RUTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, N</hi> 26). I took the prisoner, and received this bad shilling from Carter, with a fourpenny-piece and twopence, also a good shilling from Mr. Crauford.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-58" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-58" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings are bad and from the same mould; one of them is broken in half.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I found 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in a purse on the Saturday morning. I chucked the purse away, and put the money in my pocket.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-501-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-501-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-501-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-501-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-501-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-501-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-501-18640509 t18640509-501-punishment-11"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-502">
<interp inst="t18640509-502" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-502" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-502-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-502-18640509 t18640509-502-offence-1 t18640509-502-verdict-1"/>
<p>502.
<persName id="def1-502-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-502-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18640509" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18640509" type="surname" value="CRANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CRANE</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-502-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-502-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-502-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery, with a man unknown, on
<persName id="t18640509-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-60" type="surname" value="BAINES"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-60" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-502-offence-1 t18640509-name-60"/>Charles Baines</persName>, and stealing 1 purse, 1 knife, and 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROWDEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-61" type="surname" value="BAINES"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-61" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES BAINES</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer—on 11th April I went to Hampstead—I got there about 3 o'clock—I tried to get a lodging, and looked all over Hampstead, but could not do so—about half-past 1 o'clock in the night, the prisoner and another man came behind me and hit me on the side of the head—I could not see whether it was with a stick or a fist, but I fell, and when I was down, the prisoner caught hold of my handkerchief, screwed it up, and put his knee into my breast—one of them, I cannot say which, put his hand into my pocket, and took away 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in a purse, and a knife—I have never seen them since—I was insensible from the blow, for a few minutes, and then the constable came and
<hi rend="italic">catched</hi> the prisoner on top of me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090016"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Where was I when I struck you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Behind me—I know it was you that hit me—you came in front of me, and I could swear to you from a thousand—I had not to pay 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—my fare when I came up from Kent was only 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I had been into a public-house, and saw you there—I gave you some beer—I went in there to ask for a lodging—I am sure you struck me—I did not fall down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-62" type="surname" value="GRAVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRAVILLE</persName> </hi> ((
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, S</hi> 445). On 12th April, at ten minutes to 1 in the morning, I was on duty near the top of Brewhouse-lane, and saw Baines go down the lane—the prisoner and a man named Grimm went down before him—after they had gone down some time I heard a disturbance, went down, and found the prosecutor lying on his back, and the prisoner holding him by the throat with his left hand, and kneeling on his chest, while Simms was rifling his trouser's pockets—he was stifled, and could not stand by himself—Crane got away, but I went after him, and took him—I had seen him a quarter of an hour before, and knew him by sight—Baines complained of being robbed, and I took the prisoner to the station, and charged him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you see me strike him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—you used no violence to him while I was there—I was about twelve yards in front of him when I heard the scuffle.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> He fell down, and knocked himself insensible—I was lifting him up to do him good, and the policeman came and took me in charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-502-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-502-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-502-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been convicted at Hampstead, in November</hi>, 1862;
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-502-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-502-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-502-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-502-18640509 t18640509-502-punishment-12"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-503">
<interp inst="t18640509-503" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-503" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-503-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-503-18640509 t18640509-503-offence-1 t18640509-503-verdict-1"/>
<p>503.
<persName id="def1-503-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-503-18640509" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18640509" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18640509" type="surname" value="EBBEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18640509" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH EBBEN</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-503-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-503-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-503-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully endeavouring to conceal the birth of her child.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-503-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-503-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-503-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>:—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-504">
<interp inst="t18640509-504" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-504" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-504-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-504-18640509 t18640509-504-offence-1 t18640509-504-verdict-1"/>
<p>504.
<persName id="def1-504-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-504-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-504-18640509" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-504-18640509" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="def1-504-18640509" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK HUGHES</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18640509-504-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-504-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-504-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> † (23), to stealing a gelding, having been before convicted.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-504-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-504-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-504-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-504-18640509 t18640509-504-punishment-13"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-504-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-504-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-504-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-505">
<interp inst="t18640509-505" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-505" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-505-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-505-18640509 t18640509-505-offence-1 t18640509-505-verdict-1"/>
<p>505.
<persName id="def1-505-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-505-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18640509" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18640509" type="surname" value="STUART"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18640509" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES STUART</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-505-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-505-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-505-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-505-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-505-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-505-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-505-18640509 t18640509-505-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-505-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-505-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-505-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-506">
<interp inst="t18640509-506" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-506" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-506-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-506-18640509 t18640509-506-offence-1 t18640509-506-verdict-1"/>
<p>506.
<persName id="def1-506-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-506-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18640509" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18640509" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PAYNE</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-506-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-506-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-506-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-506-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-506-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-506-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-506-18640509 t18640509-506-punishment-15"/>
<hi rend="italic">Five Years' Penal Servitude.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-506-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-506-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-506-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1864.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18640509-507" type="date" value="18640509"/>
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<p>507.
<persName id="def1-507-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-507-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18640509" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18640509" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18640509" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY POWELL</hi> (30)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-507-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-507-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-507-18640509" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-507-18640509" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="def2-507-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FINCH</hi> (34)</persName>, were in
<lb/>dicted for
<rs id="t18640509-507-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-507-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-507-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> stealing 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-69" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-69" type="given" value="JOHN MAUNSELL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-507-offence-1 t18640509-name-69"/>John Maunsell Chambers</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Upon</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">opening, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that it did not make out a case of larceny.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-507-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-507-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-507-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<p>508.
<persName id="def1-508-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-508-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18640509" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18640509" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18640509" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY POWELL</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-508-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-508-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-508-18640509" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def2-508-18640509" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="def2-508-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FINCH</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18640509-508-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-508-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-508-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> unlawfully conspiring to cheat and defraud
<persName id="t18640509-name-72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-72" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-72" type="given" value="JOHN MAUNSELL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-508-offence-1 t18640509-name-72"/>John Maunsell Chambers</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-73" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-73" type="given" value="JOHN MAUNSELL"/>JOHN MAUNSELL CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>. I am living at 51, Arundel-square, Islington—I am clerk to a publisher's, in King William-street, Strand—on Wednes
<lb/>day, 3d February, between half-past 12 and 1 o'clock, I was walking down Fleet-street—a young man accosted me—I went with him to a public-house in St. Clement's churchyard—Powell came in, and stood there with the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090017"/>
<p>other—he dropped a sovereign near my toe in opening his pocket-book—he was looking about the place for it—he wore spectacles, and appeared short-sighted—I pointed to it—he picked it up, and thanked me, and entered into conversation with me—he said he expected to meet a young lady there, and had we seen her pass?—we said we had not—Powell and the other, the student as he represented himself from Cambridge, commenced talking on various matters, particularly about games—Powell said the young lady had told him there was to be a cricket match at Greenwich that day—I said there was no cricket at that time of year, she must be deceiving him, and the other seemed to think so too—they began talking about cricket, and throwing weights, and other games, and they made a bet about throwing a weight of fourteen pounds from twenty-five to thirty yards—Powell said he could throw the weight that distance—the other said he thought he could not, that he did not want to win his money, but he would make a bet for three new hats, and a bundle of cigars—they concluded the bet, and re
<lb/>quested me to come and see fair between them as umpire—the student said he knew a place where the students of St. Bartholomew's often went—a cab was called, and we went—before that Powell opened his purse, and showed what appeared to be sovereigns, and a Bank note of Australia—he said he had come in for 6,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by the death of his uncle, and that he was staying at Morley's Hotel, Trafalgar-square; and as we were passing by the Temple he said, "There goes my lawyer!" and asked if I knew him—I said I did not—when we got into Smithfield, Powell said to the other, "There is Bartholomew's"—I said, "Oh yes, I know it, there is a friend of mine there" the other said, "Is there? what is his name?"—I told him the name, and he said, "Oh! I know him very well indeed; shake hands with me, we are better friends now, I hope, as we know each other's connexions"—we drove to the George the Fourth, in Cloth Fair, and got out there—Powell ordered three glasses of sherry—we then went into the back part where the skittle-alley is, and there I saw Finch playing a game of skittles with another—the student addressed him and said, "This place has been changed since I was here five years ago; you had a place twenty-five or thirty yards long"—Finch said, "Yes, sir, at that time we had such a place, but it has been changed; we were obliged to give it up"—the student said he used to come there with the gentlemen from St. Bartholomew's—Finch was dressed very like he is now—he and another were playing a game of skittles, and he re
<lb/>quested Powell to stand out of the way while they finished the game—Powell stood out of the way—he threw the ball, and the game was finished—Powell and the student then played a game at skittles—Powell took up the ball, and said it was stone—Finch said it was not, and they made a small bet of sixpence about it, and Powell lost it—the student then came to me, and said, "Here is a man that has come in for a lot of money, I shall not get such a chance again, I am going to play a game with him, and you had better do the same"—I made no reply, so the student went over to Powell and said, "I will make you a bet for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and my friend there will do the same"—Powell came over to me directly and said, "Will you?" and touched my hand, and I touched his hand—the student then asked me how much money: I had—I opened my purse, and found 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. available for the purpose—there was more than that, but 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. seemed available for the purpose—the student said, "The bet is for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I will lend you 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. "so the game was played—I put the money into the hands of the man who I took to be a waiter in the place, and who was playing with Finch when we went in—I lost the money—I had no more except a few shillings—Powell and the student then made a bet for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090018"/>
<p>it seemed that I came in for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. though I had no money—I won that, and they handed me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the balance of the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—we then made a bet of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. which I lost—the student then came to me and said, "I have lost my money, and you have too"—he described it as a thing he did not anticipate, and said, "We will make a bet for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; your watch will represent something; is it gold?"—I took it out, and he said, "Put that down to represent 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—Finch put down another watch which represented 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was sup
<lb/>posed to be from Powell, and 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from the student—the game was played, and I lost the bet—my watch went into Powell's possession—he gave it to the man I took to be the waiter to pledge—he brought back 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and the ticket—the student said to me, "Make an agreement to get your ticket so that you can release it"—they handed me the ticket with 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on it—Powell said, "You said your watch was worth 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I find it is only 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; you must give me an I O U for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—he induced me to make out an I O U in favour of Frederick Pearce, payable in twelve months—he said his name was Frederick Pearce—Finch said to Powell, "The fact is, sir, you have won our money; you have won my watch and this gentleman's, and all our money; I have only a short distance to go and get 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and this gentleman (pointing to me) has only to do the same; if you will allow us to go for a few minutes we can get the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—so Powell consented to make a bet of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. under the circumstances that we were to go and get the money if we lost it—the bet was made, and the game played, and we lost—Finch, when he saw that the game was going against me, said, "Put on your coat"—it was lying on the settle, and I put it on—he said, "Come away, come away; we are going to fetch the money"—I went outside the door, and he said, "We are not going to get any for that man; it won't do for us to be together; you go that way, and I will go this way," and he ran off—I went into Long-line, saw a policeman, and he told me something—after that I went to Morley's Hotel, Trafalgar-square, but could not find Powell—I next saw the prisoners that day seven weeks, 23d March, walking together on the Strand side of Temple-bar—I followed them into Fleet-street, and gave them in custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How old are you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Twenty-five—I was out on business on this day—I left my master's place at 10 o'clock, and met the prisoners about half-past 12—I had never played the game of skittles before, or seen it played—I know what it is—I have got all my money back again—the prisoners' wives came to me after they were in custody, and offered me 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; I declined to take that, and I got 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—that was not 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. more than I lost—I lent Powell 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; he asked me to pay for the cab, as he had not change, which I did—he changed a half-sovereign of the landlord—I had to pay 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; for my watch—perhaps I have got back more than I lost—I do not believe I refused to take it of the women unless some male person was with me—I had a male person there—I did not prosecute him at the last Sessions; I was the principal witness—it was a Crown prosecution (
<hi rend="italic">See Vol.</hi> 59,
<hi rend="italic">page</hi> 532)—I employed an attorney, Mr. Allen—I did not see Mr. Allen himself; I saw somebody at the office, who represented him—he was recommended to me by a policeman—I have not paid anything yet—one of the policemen who introduced me to Allen told me that it would be no expense to me—I have not paid anything yet—I should not have advanced any money to him to conduct the prosecution—that is the person (
<hi rend="italic">Edwards, City-policeman</hi>, 343)—I gave no evidence here; I was not called upon; there was some informality, I believe—when I received the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., I said that I would stay away, and I did stay away; but I was obliged to go,</p>
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<p>in obedience to a summons—it was not the gentleman I was introduced to who caused me to be summoned—that was at Guildhall—it was Alderman Copeland, I believe, who caused me to be summoned—I have not engaged an attorney in this case; at least, I gave instructions last week to Mr. Allen, the same person, and I was told, in reference to both, that it would not cost me anything—I believe the student bet Powell that I would not Knock the balls down in a certain time—the student bet on me that I Would do it—I tried to knock them down—I played with Powell, and the student backed me—I lost the same amount that the student bet—I did not bet with Powell, that he would not knock them down in three times, nor in four; I made no such proposition—I bet what the student bet, which was, I think, that Powell would not knock them down in seven times—Powell played very loosely, and he got a corresponding number of chalks, and therefore I thought I should win—I did not think I had caught a flat—I think Powell bet that he would knock the balls down in a certain number of times, and the student and I bet that he would not—I did not win at all on my playing, it was on the playing between the student and Powell—I knew very little about it—I had no money to bet upon it—I do now the bet was made at all—I did not offer to bet at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-74" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-74" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE EDWARDS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 343). On 23d March, about half-past 1 o'clock—the prosecutor gave the prisoners into my custody, in Fleet-street—I took them to the Fleet-street station and then to the Smithfield station, as the charge belonged there—Finch said that he had two shillings, and would pay for a cab, as he did not want to go through the streets—a constable got in with the two prisoners, and I rode on the box and watched—when the prisoners got out, I looked in the cab, and found this pocket-book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), containing fifty-one medals to represent sovereigns, six cheques on the County Bank, and four Bank of Australia notes, genuine, which have been paid into the bank; also, a bill for thirty-seven green-backs, sold at 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; each in Fenchurch-street, on 4th February—Powell acknowledged that the book belonged to him—I found round Finch's neck this brass chain attached to this brass box to represent a watch, and a pair of spectacles—I went to the public-house on the 24th, and it was closed—there was no landlord.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-75" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-75" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ANDREWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 333). I assisted in taking Powell to Smithfield station—after taking him from Guildhall, he escaped, but I ran after him and brought him back—I found on him this pocket-book, knife, and pair of spectacles.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-76" type="surname" value="MARKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-76" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN MARKHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Markham, a publican, of 253, Strand—one day in February, I saw the prosecutor and the prisoners there; Powell was talking with Mr. Chambers, and Finch stood at the top end of the bar—Powell went out with Mr. Chambers first, and Finch went out about a minute afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Powell's statement before the Magistrate</hi>: "I wish to say that I backed myself to knock the skittles down in a certain number of times, which I bet, and the bet was accepted by the prosecutor. I lost and won both, and what I won, I consider I won honourably and fairly, just as if I had backed myself to run a mile in a certain number of minutes; and, having run the mile in a certain number of minutes, I should consider I had won fairly, as at skittles. There is nothing false in it. Where there is nothing false, there is no cheating; and I consider that that is how this case is. That is all I have to say."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-77" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-77" type="given" value="JOHN MAUNSELL"/>JOHN MAUNSELL CHAMBERS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I afterwards went to the house</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090020"/>
<p>where the skittle-ground was, with a detective, and saw a man who said he was the landlord—he is not here—the detective knew the landlord—Powell said to Finch, "Are you the landlord of the public-house?" and Finch said, "I am not. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-508-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-508-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-508-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-509">
<interp inst="t18640509-509" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-509" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-509-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-509-18640509 t18640509-509-offence-1 t18640509-509-verdict-1"/>
<p>509.
<persName id="def1-509-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-509-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-509-18640509" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-509-18640509" type="surname" value="GOLDMEIER"/>
<interp inst="def1-509-18640509" type="given" value="HEINRICH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HEINRICH GOLDMEIER</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-509-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-509-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-509-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18640509-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-79" type="surname" value="BRYAN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-509-offence-1 t18640509-name-79"/>John Bryan</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WARTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">The evidence was interpreted to the prisoner.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-80" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-80" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HUGHES</persName> </hi>. I am house-surgeon of the London Hospital—I have seen John Bryan this morning—he is in a very dangerous state, and never will be able to get out of bed again—I was present in the hospital when his depositions were taken by Mr. Partridge, the Magistrate, in the prisoner's presence—I have seen the same man this morning—the prisoner was asked whether he would like to ask any questions—there was an interpreter present, but I did not understand the language in which the prisoner was asked whether he would cross-examine. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that the prosecutors deposition could not be given in evidence, until it was proved that the prisoner understood he could cross-examine him.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-81" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-81" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. On 7th February, I was in Cannon Street-road, St. George's, at a little after 12 o'clock, and saw the prosecutor and prisoner sparring together—I was on the opposite side of the way—I am sure the prisoner is the man—I saw him make a stroke at Bryan, towards his shoulder, but did not see whether he had anything in his hand—Bryan fell—I went across the road, and he said, "I am stabbed"—he got up, and the prisoner passed back among some more of his companions—I went with Bryan to the doctor.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-82" type="surname" value="SCUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-82" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SCUTTON</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman, and live at Perseverance-place, St. George's—on 7th February, about half-past 12 in the morning, I was passing the corner of Cannon-street—there was a crowd, and I saw the prisoner two yards from Bryan—I said, "What is the matter with you Bryan?"—he said, "I am stabbed"—I said, "Who has stabbed you?"—he had just time, with the loss of blood, to go and
<hi rend="italic">grab</hi> the prisoner, and say," This is the man that stabbed me"—he said that in English—the prisoner tried to get away, but a policeman came, and took him by his collar—I saw that Bryan was stabbed in the shoulder—there was a crowd of twenty or thirty Germans there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-83" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-83" type="given" value="SUSAN"/>SUSAN SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and live at 2, Perseverance-place, St. George's—I saw the prisoner put his arm up, and heard Bryan say, "I am stabbed"—I saw the policeman take him—he attempted to get away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-84" type="surname" value="MONAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-84" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MONAGHAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 451). I was on duty in Cannon-street, about half-past 12 o'clock, and saw Bryan in the midst of a crowd—he said that he had been stabbed—he ran through a lot of people, and picked out the prisoner as the person who had stabbed him—I apprehended him; he tried to get away, and some other Germans tried to rescue him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-85" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-85" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HUGHES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). Bryan was brought to the hospital on the morning of 7th February, and I found a large incised wound on his right shoulder, which had been caused by some sharp instrument—a blow could not have caused it—he is not likely to recover.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALFRED JOHNSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were there many people about when you saw the sparring going on?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About a dozen; but they were several yards from the persons sparring, until Bryan fell—I cannot be mistaken about the prisoner being the person—the only light was the lamp at the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090021"/>
<p>corner behind them—the persons who were sparring immediately mixed with the others—the prisoner is the man who I saw strike the deceased.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> On this night, I was along with another German; and as we were going along, this man was walking in front of us, and would not allow us to pass. He then caught hold of the man who was with me, and they two fought together. I endeavoured to pick my comrade up, and he came and struck me, and then I took my own part. That is all.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18640509-509-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-509-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-509-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding</hi> </rs>.
<rs id="t18640509-509-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-509-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-509-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-509-18640509 t18640509-509-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-510">
<interp inst="t18640509-510" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-510" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-510-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-510-18640509 t18640509-510-offence-1 t18640509-510-verdict-1"/>
<p>510.
<persName id="def1-510-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-510-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18640509" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18640509" type="surname" value="BRAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BRAY</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-510-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-510-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-510-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 1 petticoat, 2 shifts, and other articles.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-87" type="surname" value="GODLIMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-87" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN GODLIMAN</persName> </hi>. I live with my mother, at Ickenham, Middlesex—on Friday evening, 29th April, some clothes which had been washed were hanging on our hedge to dry, between 7 and 8 o'clock—they belonged to my mother and myself—they were not near the highway—they were gone on Saturday morning, and on Sunday morning, between 12 and 1 o'clock, a policeman brought them back in a bundle, and the prisoner—they were then still wet—these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What is your mother?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A person of private pro
<lb/>perty—the prisoner said that he picked them up—I think he was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-88" type="surname" value="DAVY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-88" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAVY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, T</hi> 133). On Saturday morning, 30th April, I received information from Mr. Godliman, and on Sunday morning, about 1 o'clock, I saw the prisoner lying down, apparently asleep, in front of a public-house, about a quarter of a mile from Mr. Godliman's—he had a bundle of wet linen wrapped up in a horse-cloth—I awoke him, and asked him how he became possessed of it—he said, "I found it; I picked it up in Glebe-lane, in the parish of Ickenham"—I took him to Mrs. Godliman, who identified the articles.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where is the public-house?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is a roadside house; the Coach and Horses—he was lying on the road, and the bundle was close to his head—he was not lying on it—he was not really in the public road, but in a public place by the side of the road, and in front of the public-house—there is no public highway there—he did not claim it as his, or attempt to escape—he had been drinking a little, but was not drunk—I knew him as a labouring man there—I have been nine years in that district, and never heard a charge against him before—he is in regular work, and was in work at that time—these are the articles; they were wrapped up in this horse-cloth—the head of Glebe-lane is about 300 yards from there—that would be in his way from his master's place going towards London.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-510-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-510-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-510-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-511">
<interp inst="t18640509-511" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-511" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-511-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-511-18640509 t18640509-511-offence-1 t18640509-511-verdict-1"/>
<p>511.
<persName id="def1-511-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-511-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18640509" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18640509" type="surname" value="WHELAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18640509" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN WHELAND</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-511-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-511-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-511-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/>, unlawfully assaulting a police con
<lb/>stable in the execution of his duty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MARTIN</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 135). On the morning of 6th May, about half-past 2 o'clock, I was on duty in King-street, Tower-hill, and saw the prisoner lying drunk on the pavement—I lifted him Up on his legs, and he asked me where Mr. Thompson's coffee-house was, No. 6, King-street—I took him to the door, left him there, and went round my beat—I came back in five or six minutes, and he was still knocking at the door—I said to him, "You have not got in," and at that time the door was opened by the land
<lb/>lord—the prisoner went in, threw his coat off, and then sprung out and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090022"/>
<p>kicked me a violent blow at the bottom of my stomach, and almost at the same time he struck roe four or five times in the nice and knocked me down—while lying on the ground he kicked me several times on both sides, and on the chest—I got on my hands and knees, laid hold of one of his legs, and got up—he threw me from him, kicked me again on the stomach, and kicked my lantern off my belt—I got up, and attempted to take hold of him, but he seized me by the stock, and shook me violently, at the same time trying to kick me on the privates—I found I was being choked, and asked him to leave go of me—he said, "No, he would bite my b——nose off," and forced his face towards me to try to do so, but I took out my staff, and struck him across the wrist—I entreated him several times to leave go of my stock, as I was almost strangled, but he would not, and attempted again to bite my nose—I then struck him three or four times across the head with my staff—he wrestled with me, and after he released my stock, I pushed him up in a door way and held him there till Mr. Thompson picked up my hat, and gave it to me, and then I took the prisoner to the station—I went on duty from half-past 4 till 6, and then became so bad that I was not able to do duty, and have done none since, and yesterday and the day before I have been spitting blood—my head was very sore, but by bathing it I have got the swelling down—he made use of threats on the way to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> It is false that you found me lying in the street; if you did why did not you take me to the station?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Because you lived only six doors from the corner of the street.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-90" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-90" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. I keep a coffee-house in King-street, Tower-hill—the prisoner lodged there for seven or eight days—I was awakened about half-past 2 o'clock, by a violent knocking at the door, went down stairs and stood in the passage about half a minute—I opened the door, and the prisoner came in, took his coat off, threw it about two paces, and went out and pitched into the policeman—he first struck him with his hands, and then kicked him—his hat fell off, his lantern was knocked off, and they both fell to the ground—I picked up the hat and lantern, and gave the policeman his hat—the prisoner said, "I will bite your nose off," and his mouth was about three inches from the constable's nose, but the constable struck him over the wrist with his truncheon—he kicked violently, and the constable struck him over the shins—after that he was worse than ever; a few more cuts would have done him good.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I never obstructed him in any shape or form, but I received blows from him before I knocked at the door; I am as innocent as a child who was never born.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-511-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-511-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-511-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-511-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-511-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-511-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-511-18640509 t18640509-511-punishment-17"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-512">
<interp inst="t18640509-512" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-512" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-512-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-512-18640509 t18640509-512-offence-1 t18640509-512-verdict-1"/>
<p>512.
<persName id="def1-512-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-512-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18640509" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18640509" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18640509" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED LEWIS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-512-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-512-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-512-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 1 watch, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-92" type="surname" value="MOONBRUM"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-512-offence-1 t18640509-name-92"/>William James Moonbrum</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-93" type="surname" value="YORKE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-93" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>JOSEPH WILLIAM YORKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 112). About half-past 1 o'clock on Monday, 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> May, I was in Mr. Walter's, pawnbroker's shop, Aldersgate-street, and saw the prisoner in one of the lobbies—he saw me, and imme-diately started out of the shop—I followed him—he was stopped by a gentleman—I went up and asked him to give me the watch that he had been to the pawnbroker's shop with—he did not speak—I searched him, and found there was something in his mouth—I took this watch with some force from his throat—I took him to the station, the inspector read over to him the charge of unlawfully pawning the watch, and asked him to account for the possession of it—he said that he purchased it of a Jew in Petticoat-lane on Sunday morning, for 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and had kept it ever since.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090023"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-94" type="surname" value="MOONBRUM"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-94" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>WILLIAM JAMES MOONBRUM</persName> </hi>. I am a plasterer, of 28, Gravel-street—this is my watch—I lost it last Sunday week, May 1st, in the evening—it was taken from my pocket when I was passing from Snow-hill to go up Holborn
<lb/>hill—the ring was broken but a new one has been put on—I saw the prisoner on the opposite side of the crowd immediately after I lost it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you see me when you lost it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, you were within three feet of me; you dodged round the crowd to the opposite side or I should have given you in custody—I followed you up Snow-hill, and gave information to the police.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-95" type="surname" value="MOONBRUM"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-95" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH MOONBRUM</persName> </hi>. I was with my husband on the Sunday evening, and had a chain round my neck—I felt the prisoner pull it, and told my husband to beware of his watch, and it was gone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you see me pull it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, but I saw your hand move from the chain directly you had pulled it—you then passed between the crowd and my husband—we followed you up, Snow-hill, but could not give you in charge, because we did not meet a policeman—there was one in the crowd, but he was engaged with some women.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> She gave quite a different description of me before; I plead guilty to having the watch, because a man asked me to pawn it for him, who I believe had stolen it, but I was not certain; I saw the police
<lb/>man, and ran away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-512-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-512-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-512-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted, of stealing a watch, in May</hi>, 1859,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Four Years' Penal Servitude</hi>; to which he</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-512-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-512-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-512-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-512-18640509 t18640509-512-punishment-18"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-513">
<interp inst="t18640509-513" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-513" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-513-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-513-18640509 t18640509-513-offence-1 t18640509-513-verdict-1"/>
<p>513.
<persName id="def1-513-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-513-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18640509" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18640509" type="surname" value="DENIORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18640509" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY DENIORD</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-513-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-513-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-513-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 1 watch, value 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18640509-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-97" type="surname" value="EWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-97" type="given" value="JOHN BAPTISTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-513-offence-1 t18640509-name-97"/>John Baptiste Ewen</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PALMER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-98" type="surname" value="EWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-98" type="given" value="JOHN BAPTISTE"/>JOHN BAPTISTE EWEN</persName> </hi>. I am an engraver, of 20, St. James-street—I was in Princes-street, near the Mansion-house, between half-past 2 and 3, on the day that Mr. Garibaldi went to Guildhall to lunch—a gentleman spoke to me, and then I missed my watch—it cost 47
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., English money—the prisoner was close to me at the time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were there a great many people round you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I had not been in a crowd before that—I had come from the Union Bank, which is in Princes-street, and my watch was safe there, for I looked at it to see the time, having a packet to post—I did not feel anybody take it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-99" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-99" type="given" value="PHOEBE"/>PHOEBE WESTON</persName> </hi>. I am a dressmaker, of 6, Richardson-street, Mile End-road—on 20th April, I was standing on the pavement in Princes-street, and saw the prosecutor coming through the crowd, and the prisoner, who was on my right side, took a gold watch out of the prosecutor's pocket, and broke off the ring which attached it by a silk ribbon round his neck—I told Blazey, and saw the prisoner given in custody—I did not lose sight of him—I turned round and said to him, "You have got that gentleman's watch"—he said, "No, that man along there has got it"</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you talking to a man named Bryant?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I only know him by his coming up to me—I never saw him till the Wednesday night before the prisoner was remanded—I was not talking to anybody—I said to Blazey," That gentleman has lost his watch," as the prosecutor had not missed it—I looked at the prisoner's face as well as at his hands—I watched him very carefully, but did not see him throw the watch to anybody.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090024"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-100" type="surname" value="BLAZEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-100" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BLAZEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 27, Hamilton-street, Brunswick-square, and am employed at the London Docks—I
<hi rend="smallCaps">WAS</hi> in Prince'ss-street, and the last witness, who was standing on my right side within about a foot of me, made a communication to me, in consequence of which I spoke to the prosecutor, who pulled out a ribbon with only a broken ring on it—he seized the pri
<lb/>soner, and I held up my finger to a policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did the prisoner run away?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-513-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-513-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-513-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-513-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-513-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-513-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-513-18640509 t18640509-513-punishment-19"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-514">
<interp inst="t18640509-514" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-514" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-514-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-514-18640509 t18640509-514-offence-1 t18640509-514-verdict-1"/>
<p>514.
<persName id="def1-514-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-514-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18640509" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18640509" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18640509" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HOLMES</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-514-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-514-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-514-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 1 cloak, 1 watch, and 1 chain, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-102" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-102" type="surname" value="EHLERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-102" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-514-offence-1 t18640509-name-102"/>William Ehlers</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t18640509-name-103" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-103" type="surname" value="EHLERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-103" type="given" value="MINNIE ANNIE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-514-offence-1 t18640509-name-103"/>Minnie Annie Ehlers</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SHARPE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-104" type="surname" value="EHLERS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-104" type="given" value="MINNIE ANNIE"/>MINNIE ANNIE EHLERS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Ehlers, of 14, Ship
<lb/>alley, a seaman—on 5th May, about half-past 3 o'clock, I went to Limehouse police-station to make an application, and met the prisoner and three women—he took me to a public-house, gave me a glass of beer, and put something in it which made me blind and crazed in my head—I had not been drinking before that—I never touch drink—the prisoner then told me to come with him and his wife, he said, "Come to the omnibus"—he talked to me about the case before the Magistrate that day—his face was scratched, and he told me the name of the woman who did it—I said, "I have only just taken a glass of beer, and I feel as if I should go crazed"—I said that I would go home—he said, "Never mind, we will see you home"—we all went to a coffee-house, and he asked me if I would have some gin, but I would not—we left that house, and he said, "Give me your cape and your bonnet"—I said, "No, I shall not"—he said, "Never mind, if this woman comes who has been before the Magistrate she will pull your bonnet to pieces," and he took off my bonnet, shawl, and cloak—I went down the street where he lives—he went into a third public-house—I followed him, and two or three women—he had a pot of beer there—he then had my bonnet, shawl, and cloak on his arm—he ran away with them, and I asked his wife for them—he also tore my frock to pieces in trying to get my watch and chain from me—a little boy told me that he had gone down a passage—I went there, and met him—he took hold of me, and took ray watch and chain—I saw him take them—I did not see him again till the policeman took him half an hour afterwards, and took my cloak from him—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), but the watch and chain were not found.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where do you come from?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Germany—I had been with some German woman, who I knew, to make an application to a Magistrate in consequence of an assault by a woman—I did not give my hat and cloak to the prisoner to carry; he took them from me—he asked me to have a cup of tea with his old woman, but he did not say," If I take your cloak and bonnet you must come home"—how could he take a fancy to a married woman; nobody in Court can say anything against me—I walked with him longer than ten minutes, holding the cloak and hat.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SHARPE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Whether he asked you to tea or not, what did he do when he took your watch and chain?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He ran off as fast as be could.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-105" type="surname" value="CROSSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CROSSLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a seaman of 6, Johanna-place, Limehouse—on 5th May, between 2 and 3 o'clock, I was walking by Limehouse Church, and saw the prosecutrix coming across the street, having words with another woman—I stopped at the corner to see what might happen—she went to. wards the prisoner, who had got her cloak, bonnet, and basket in his hand—four or five women crossed towards them, and the prisoner and pro
<lb/>secutrix</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090025"/>
<p>walked down Three Colt-street—my companion and I walked down slowly after them—I thought they were friends, and did not follow them further—we went into a public-house to have a glass of ale, and when we came out we saw the prisoner running down the street with a basket in his hand, and the prosecutrix running after him, crying for her cloak and watch—he got round the corner of the passage, entered a doorway that goes from Three Colt-street to Limehouse station, and came out on the opposite side—that was all I saw of him—the woman brought a policeman to me, and I made a communication to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Could everybody see the prisoner with the cloak and basket?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; it was broad daylight—there were a good many people—the prosecutrix walked by the prisoner's side—she had not hold of his arm—I took them to be friends; they seemed friendly—she was fifteen or twenty feet behind him when he was running—she must have been seen by other people.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-106" type="surname" value="PONSFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-106" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES PONSFORD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 260). On the afternoon of 5th May, about 4 o'clock, I received information from some boys, went to Three Colt-street, Limehouse, and saw the prosecutrix crying, and several persons about her—I went in search of the prisoner, and found him half an hour after
<lb/>wards carrying this cloak (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on his shoulder—he said, "Policeman,. are you looking for me?"—I said, "Yes," and told him he was charged with stealing a cloak, a silver watch, a gold guard, and a basket from a woman—he said, "I did not steal the cloak or the bonnet; she took them off to fight
<hi rend="italic">Boss</hi> Tiler, and I took them up, and, as for the gold chain, it is only an old brass one; it is not gold at all"—he said that he had been at a public-house the whole of the time, and had had three pots of beer—I asked him what house—he said he had been to the Lord Hood—I took him in custody and searched him, but found nothing except the cloak which he was carrying on his shoulder.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you got the watch or chain?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I men
<lb/>tioned the watch to him, but he said he knew nothing about it—he was not the worse for liquor, but I think he had been drinking.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate.</hi>" I am as innocent as you are. Mr. Wright, of the Five Bells, saw the chain; she pulled it out of her bosom and showed it to him; she was drunk, and wanted to fight one of the girls,
<hi rend="italic">Boss</hi> Tyler."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES PONSFORD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> In what state was the prosecutrix?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> She seemed in a state of stupor; I thought she was drunk at first—she said to the prisoner at the station," You gave me something in the beer."—he said, "I have not done so."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-514-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-514-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-514-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-514-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-514-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-514-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-514-18640509 t18640509-514-punishment-20"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-515">
<interp inst="t18640509-515" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-515" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-515-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18640509 t18640509-515-offence-1 t18640509-515-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-515-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18640509 t18640509-515-offence-2 t18640509-515-verdict-1"/>
<p>515.
<persName id="def1-515-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-515-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18640509" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18640509" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM MORGAN</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-515-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-515-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-515-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, to embezzling the sums of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;</rs> also
<rs id="t18640509-515-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-515-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-515-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. the moneys of
<persName id="t18640509-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-108" type="surname" value="GEBHARDT"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-108" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-515-offence-2 t18640509-name-108"/>Henry Gebhardt</persName>, his master.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-515-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-515-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-515-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18640509 t18640509-515-punishment-21"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Twelve Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-515-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-515-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-515-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-516">
<interp inst="t18640509-516" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-516" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-516-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18640509 t18640509-516-offence-1 t18640509-516-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-516-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18640509 t18640509-516-offence-2 t18640509-516-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-516-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18640509 t18640509-516-offence-3 t18640509-516-verdict-1"/>
<p>516.
<persName id="def1-516-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-516-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18640509" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18640509" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN ARCHER</hi> (61)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-516-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-516-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-516-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> to 3 indictments for stealing</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-516-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-516-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-516-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>a quantity of silver plate, value 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-516-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-516-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-516-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-110" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-110" type="surname" value="UPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-110" type="given" value="GEORGE FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-110" type="occupation" value="viscount templetown"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-516-offence-3 t18640509-name-110"/>George Frederick Upton</persName>, Viscount Templetown, his master.</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-516-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-516-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-516-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18640509 t18640509-516-punishment-22"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Eighteen Months</hi> </rs>;
<rs id="t18640509-516-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-516-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-516-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> and</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-517">
<interp inst="t18640509-517" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-517" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-517-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-517-18640509 t18640509-517-offence-1 t18640509-517-verdict-1"/>
<p>517.
<persName id="def1-517-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-517-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18640509" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18640509" type="surname" value="GAYTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18640509" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY GAYTON</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-517-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-517-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-517-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, to feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18640509-name-112" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-112" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-112" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-517-offence-1 t18640509-name-112"/>Louisa Pearson</persName>, his wife
<persName id="t18640509-name-113" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-113" type="surname" value="GAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-113" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-517-offence-1 t18640509-name-113"/>Jane</persName> being alive.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-517-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-517-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-517-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-517-18640509 t18640509-517-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Twelve Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-517-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-517-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-517-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090026"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1864.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-518">
<interp inst="t18640509-518" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-518" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-518-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-518-18640509 t18640509-518-offence-1 t18640509-518-verdict-1"/>
<p>518.
<persName id="def1-518-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-518-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-518-18640509" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-518-18640509" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-518-18640509" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOLMES</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-518-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-518-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-518-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 1 watch, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-115" type="surname" value="LODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-115" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-518-offence-1 t18640509-name-115"/>Jeremiah Lodge</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LANGFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-116" type="surname" value="LODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-116" type="given" value="ROBERT JOHN"/>ROBERT JOHN LODGE</persName> </hi>. I am secretary to the Marine Insurance Company, Old Broad-street—on 20th April I was in Cheapside with my brother Jeremiah, who is blind—there was a gathering at the corner of Queen-street as Garibaldi was coming, and I saw the prisoner draw his hand from under my brother's coat—I seized him, and said, "What a blackguard you are to rob a blind man"—I left my brother to the mercy of the crowd, and said to the prisoner, "Anybody will take care of a blind man, but there is only one man who would rob him"—a policeman then jumped through the crowd, and said, "I saw him take it, and there it is at his feet"—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-117" type="surname" value="SHARPE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-117" type="given" value="NEHEMIAH"/>NEHEMIAH SHARPE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 185). I was in Cheapside about a quarter to 11 o'clock, and saw Mr. Lodge collar the prisoner saying, "Why do you rob a blind man?"—the prisoner had this watch in his hand when I seized him—he tried to get away—I did not see him throw it, but it was found in the road.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-118" type="surname" value="STEBBINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-118" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN STEBBINGS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 111). I was on duty at the corner of Queen-street, and saw the prisoner in the custody of Mr. Lodge and Sharpe—I went to take the watch from his hand, and he dropped it—I picked it up at his feet.
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I am innocent.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-518-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-518-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-518-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-518-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-518-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-518-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-518-18640509 t18640509-518-punishment-24"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-519">
<interp inst="t18640509-519" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-519" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-519-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-519-18640509 t18640509-519-offence-1 t18640509-519-verdict-1"/>
<p>519.
<persName id="def1-519-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-519-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18640509" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18640509" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18640509" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCIS GATES</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-519-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-519-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-519-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 1 watch, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-120" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-120" type="surname" value="CROXON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-519-offence-1 t18640509-name-120"/>William Henry Croxon</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. THOMPSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TAYLOR</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-121" type="surname" value="CROXON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-121" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY CROXON</persName> </hi>. I am a commercial traveller, and live at 123 Manor-street, Clapham—on the evening of 21st April I was directly oppo-site Fishmonger's-hall, while Garibaldi was there, I believe—the prisoner came up and asked me if I knew how long Garibaldi had been there—I told him that I was not aware that he was there at all, for I had not been standing there above two or three minutes—directly after he spoke to me I felt something at my pocket; I looked down, and saw the guard of my watch fall from the prisoner's hand—I had this kind of coat on, and the watch was attached in the manner it is now—I cannot remember whether my coat was unbuttoned or not; it was only the top button if it was buttoned at all—I felt directly in my pocket, and my watch was gone—the prisoner wheeled round to the right, and was joined by three or four others—I had not courage to take hold of him then, for I had a good
<hi rend="italic">bit</hi> of money about me; I had been collecting that day—the prisoner and the others went about thirty yards towards the city; I watched them very particularly—the prisoner turned round, left the others, and came back about three parts of the way from where he started, and got into a cab—I then took hold of him, and accused him of taking my watch—he said, "I have not got it, "and he put his hand in his pocket and threw something out of the opposite door of the cab—I could not see what it was, but I have no doubt it was my watch—I heard it fall on the stones—the prisoner got away from me, and got out at the other side of the cab—I called "Stop thief," and he was stopped by the people on the other side; there was a crowd there—I did not lose sight of him—I saw him stopped and given into custody—my watch has not been found.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090027"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> The prisoner was close to the cab when the officer came up, was he not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About three yards from it—he told the officer that his watch had been attempted to be stolen—I don't think he was wearing a guard; I am not certain—I did not catch his hand when I saw my guard fall—perhaps I was not so quick as I ought to have been; I wanted to satisfy myself that my watch was gone—I did not say a word—there was not much of a crowd where we were standing; there were a good many in the road—I saw the prisoner speak to somebody; I did not see whether he passed anything—I have no doubt he had my watch when he got into the cab—I did not call out "Stop thief" before he got into the cab, but as soon as he got out—he was stopped instantly—there was a great crowd there; he could not get far.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-122" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-122" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 598). On the evening of 21st February, I was on duty in Adelaide-place, facing Fishmonger's-hall—I saw the prisoner going hurriedly through the mob, and heard a cry of" Stop thief"—I stopped him; he was almost breathless, and quite exhausted—I heard some one hallo out, "That is the man; he stole my watch"—at that moment the prisoner took this watch from his pocket, and said, "Look here, police-man, in coming through the crowd they have endeavoured to steal my watch, you see the bow is broken;" he had this guard round his neck, it was not attached to the watch—I took the watch from his hand, and asked the prosecutor if that was his watch; he said, "No"—I asked him if he was quite positive the prisoner had taken his watch, and he said, "Yes, quite positive"—I took him to the station and charged him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you find upon him 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did, and a black guard—he gave me a correct address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-519-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-519-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-519-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted of felony at this Court, in February</hi>, 1858,
<hi rend="italic">to which he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY.**†</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-519-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-519-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-519-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-519-18640509 t18640509-519-punishment-25"/>Eight Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-520">
<interp inst="t18640509-520" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-520" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-520-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-520-18640509 t18640509-520-offence-1 t18640509-520-verdict-1"/>
<p>520.
<persName id="def1-520-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-520-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18640509" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18640509" type="surname" value="BLYGHTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18640509" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN BLYGHTON</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-520-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-520-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-520-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, Stealing a gelding, a cart, and some vegetables, the property of
<persName id="t18640509-name-124" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-124" type="surname" value="MANCER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-124" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-520-offence-1 t18640509-name-124"/>Edwin Mancer</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-125" type="surname" value="MANCER"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-125" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN MANCER</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer of Leytonstone, Essex—on Tuesday, 12th April, at 8 in the morning, I was in Rood-lane, City, with my horse and cart, containing potatoes and greens, and all sorts of vegetables—I had occasion to go to Billingsgate-market—I saw the prisoner in Rood-lane, and he said, "I will look after your horse and cart"—I left him in charge of it—I was absent about ten minutes; when I came back the horse, cart, and man were gone—I gave information to the police; and I saw my horse and cart the next day in the green-yard at Clapham; it was empty then—the value of the property in the cart was between 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi> and 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and the horse and cart 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at the lowest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> You stated at the police-court that when you left me to mind the horse and cart you had suspicion of me, did you say so?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and that was the reason I took such notice of you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-126" type="surname" value="BOWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-126" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BOWEN</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger and fruiterer at High-street, Strat-ford—I was in Rood-lane between 8 and 9 on Tuesday morning, 12th April—I saw the prisoner leading the horse and cart away from the bottom of Rood-lane into Fenchurch-street; the cart was loaded with vegetables of some kind—I rode up to the Mansion-house from Kennington-oval on it the next day; it was the same horse and cart that I saw in Rood-lane.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-127" type="surname" value="BUCKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-127" type="given" value="EDMOND"/>EDMOND BUCKLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, B</hi> 17). I have known the prisoner four
<lb/>teen or fifteen years, since he was a child—on Tuesday morning, 12th April,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090028"/>
<p>about twenty minutes before 10, I passed him in a cart, coming along the Strand—I was riding on the roof of an omnibus coming to the Old Bailey sessions—he was going towards Westminster—he smiled and nodded as he passed—I afterwards saw the prosecutor's cart at the Mansion-house, and I believe it was the same the prisoner was riding in.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-128" type="surname" value="BROWNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-128" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BROWNSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, V</hi> 199). On Tuesday, 12th April, I found a horse and cart without any one attending to it, at Kennington-oval—there were five empty sacks, and about two pennyworth of greens left in it—I took the horse and cart to the green-yard at Clapham—it was afterwards shown to the prosecutor, and the other witnesses.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-129" type="surname" value="FRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-129" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD FRIGHT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 314). I took the prisoner on 13th April, at 11 at night, in Great Chapel-street, Westminster—I told him I should take him on suspicion of stealing a horse and cart in the city, on Tuesday the 12th—he said, "Oh, for stealing a horse and cart"—I took him to the station; he there said he would produce witnesses to prove that he was in bed at the time—he had no money on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> If I had taken the things what could I have done with the money? I could not have got rid of 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the day. I did not have a breakfast that morning. I went up to my master's to have my breakfast.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-520-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-520-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-520-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted of felony at Westminster, in August</hi>, 1854,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Six Months; to this he</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-520-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-520-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-520-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-520-18640509 t18640509-520-punishment-26"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>:—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-521">
<interp inst="t18640509-521" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-521" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-521-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-521-18640509 t18640509-521-offence-1 t18640509-521-verdict-1"/>
<p>521.
<persName id="def1-521-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-521-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18640509" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18640509" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18640509" type="given" value="GEORGE THOMPSON"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE THOMP
<lb/>SON SMITH</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-521-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-521-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-521-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/>, to unlawfully causing to be exposed for sale 300 lbs. of meat, unfit for human food.</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-521-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-521-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-521-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-521-18640509 t18640509-521-punishment-27"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Six Months,</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-521-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-521-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-521-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-521-18640509 t18640509-521-punishment-28"/>
<hi rend="italic">and fined</hi> 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-521-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-521-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-521-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-522">
<interp inst="t18640509-522" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-522" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-522-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-522-18640509 t18640509-522-offence-1 t18640509-522-verdict-1"/>
<p>522.
<persName id="def1-522-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-522-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18640509" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18640509" type="surname" value="EASTWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18640509" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM EASTWOOD</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-522-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-522-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-522-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing a watch and chain, the pro
<lb/>perty of
<persName id="t18640509-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-132" type="surname" value="PUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-132" type="given" value="ALFRED EBENEZER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-522-offence-1 t18640509-name-132"/>Alfred Ebenezer Pugh</persName>, in his dwelling-house.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-522-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-522-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-522-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-522-18640509 t18640509-522-punishment-29"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Twelve Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-522-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-522-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-522-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-523">
<interp inst="t18640509-523" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-523" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-523-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-523-18640509 t18640509-523-offence-1 t18640509-523-verdict-1"/>
<p>523.
<persName id="def1-523-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-523-18640509" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18640509" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18640509" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18640509" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH BURGESS</hi> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-523-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-523-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-523-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, to unlawfully attempting to swallow laudanum with intent to murder herself.—*</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-523-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-523-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-523-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-523-18640509 t18640509-523-punishment-30"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Twelve Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-523-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-523-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-523-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-524">
<interp inst="t18640509-524" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-524" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-524-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-524-18640509 t18640509-524-offence-1 t18640509-524-verdict-1"/>
<p>524.
<persName id="def1-524-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-524-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18640509" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18640509" type="surname" value="LEIGHTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18640509" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER LEIGHTON</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-524-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-524-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-524-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing 1 watch, 1 chain, 1 ring, and 1 coat, of
<persName id="t18640509-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-135" type="surname" value="FELGATE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-135" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-524-offence-1 t18640509-name-135"/>Thomas Felgate</persName>, in his dwelling-house.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-524-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-524-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-524-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-524-18640509 t18640509-524-punishment-31"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Three Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-524-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-524-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-524-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-525">
<interp inst="t18640509-525" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-525" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-525-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-525-18640509 t18640509-525-offence-1 t18640509-525-verdict-1"/>
<p>525.
<persName id="def1-525-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-525-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18640509" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18640509" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM ROBINSON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-525-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-525-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-525-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, to unlawfully obtaining by false pretences, from
<persName id="t18640509-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-137" type="surname" value="GOURLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-137" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-525-offence-1 t18640509-name-137"/>James Gourley</persName>, 42 yards of alpaca, with intent to defraud.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-525-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-525-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-525-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-525-18640509 t18640509-525-punishment-32"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Two Years.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the Prisoner; </hi>
<rs id="t18640509-525-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-525-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-525-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>and</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-526">
<interp inst="t18640509-526" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-526" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-526-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-526-18640509 t18640509-526-offence-1 t18640509-526-verdict-1"/>
<p>526.
<persName id="def1-526-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-526-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18640509" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18640509" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KNIGHT</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-526-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-526-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-526-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/>, to unlawfully, on the high seas, assaulting
<persName id="t18640509-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-139" type="surname" value="JEWETT"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-139" type="given" value="ELIZA ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-526-offence-1 t18640509-name-139"/>Eliza Ann Jewett</persName>, a girl, under the age of 10 years, with intent,&c.—</rs>
<rs id="t18640509-526-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-526-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-526-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-526-18640509 t18640509-526-punishment-33"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Eighteen Months.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18640509-526-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-526-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-526-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> [Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1864.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Williams.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-527">
<interp inst="t18640509-527" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-527" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-527-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-527-18640509 t18640509-527-offence-1 t18640509-527-verdict-1"/>
<p>527.
<persName id="def1-527-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-527-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18640509" type="age" value="54"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18640509" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18640509" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN STEVENS</hi> (54)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18640509-527-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-527-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-527-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> for feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18640509-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-141" type="surname" value="PROBY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-527-offence-1 t18640509-name-141"/>William Proby</persName>; he was also charged, on the Coroner's inquisition, with the like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-142" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-142" type="surname" value="PROBY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-142" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN PROBY</persName> </hi>. I live at 14, Eastfield-street, Limehouse—I am the wife of Thomas Proby, a boiler-maker—I had a son, named William—he was fifteen years of age—on Sunday afternoon, 20th March, he was taken ill—he was playing in the yard for an hour or two in the afternoon; he then complained of pain in his side, in his hip—his father called him about half-past 5 on Monday morning—he said he could not get up, the pain in his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090029"/>
<p>side was so great—his father went to work, leaving him in bed—when he came home at night he went to consult Mr. Stevens; he brought a small bottle of medicine, a box of pills, and about an ounce or two of powder—the boy took all the first bottle of medicine and the powder, on Monday night, and some pills, I think about eight—the powder was a yellow powder—my son was not better on the Tuesday; he raved very much—I got frightened, and went down to my husband where he was employed, and we went and got a powder from Mrs. Stevens; it was a greyish powder—on the Wednesday my son was worse, and my husband's mistress brought Dr. Monk to see him; that was on the Tuesday; I am positive of that—we were not at home when he came, we were up at Mr. Stevens at that time for the powder—after Dr. Monk had been there, some medicine came, from Mr. Cummings—it was not given to my son, because my husband had such faith in Mr. Stevens—the medicine that we got from him was given—Mr. Cummings came and examined my son on the Wednesday—I was present—I did not gire my son any of the medicine be sent—Mr. Stevens came to see my son about 9 o'clock on the Thursday night; that was the first time he had seen him—he examined him—I said to him, "My son's nose is very black;" he said, "Yes, it is;" and his eyes were very black all round—that was what made me so uneasy, I told him so—he asked if his eyes were usually dark; I said, "Yes, but not his nose"—he said he would rather see him in the morning—he came the following morning, that would be Friday—he examined my son, and said he was much better—he had been raving all night for cold water, and I did not like to give it him—he gave him the water—he said he was much better, and I might look up for the best—we still kept on with the medicine and the pills, but it was changed—I kept on giving it him on the Friday and on the Saturday; he was very low indeed on the Saturday—Mr. Stevens did not see him on the Saturday—my son died on Sunday morning, about a quarter to 1 in the middle of the day—the prisoner told me he was suffering from rheumatic fever—he brought up the medicine on the Thursday and Friday, almost immediately after he had taken it—after his death I gave three bottles of medicine to the Coroner's officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What doctor saw your boy between the Sunday when he was taken ill and the Sunday that he died?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mr. Monk and the two Mr. Cummings—old Mr. Cummings examined him, not the son—Mr. Monk examined him on the Tuesday and Mr. Cummings on the Wednesday—I did not tell Mr. Stevens that any other medical man had seen my son—Mr. Cummings said that it was a very serious case, and that my husband had done wrong in having such a man as Mr. Stevens—Mr. Monk did not say the same, because he did not know that we had Mr. Stevens—Mr. Cum
<lb/>mings did not tell me what was the matter with him; he said he was very low, that it was a very serious case, and ordered his removal to the hospital—he was not feverish on the Monday, Tuesday, or Wednesday; he was after—he began to be feverish on the Thursday, not before—Mr. Cummings did not say anything about a diseased hip-joint; he examined the joint, but never mentioned that he had a diseased joint—he did not give any lotion or apply any local remedies; he was not sent for—Miss Hodge, my husband's employer, brought physician Monk to our house on the Tuesday; he pre
<lb/>scribed, and Mr. Cummings sent the medicine—he sent the medicine before he saw the child; he saw him afterwards—Mr. Monk had seen him before that—Mr. Cummings came on the Wednesday—I made a mistake when I was examined before in saying that Mr. Stevens called on Friday; it was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090030"/>
<p>Thursday; that was the only mistake I made—Mr. Stevens called on Thursday night; I told the Coroner it was Friday—that was a mistake; it was Wednesday night and Thursday morning—it was on Wednesday that Mr. Cummings saw my son—I have never said it was on Thursday—young Mr. Cummings said he was very low; he said it was a touch of rheumatics, and he would get well in a week or two—I will not swear that I did not tell the Coroner he said in a day or two—he did not say so, I swear that—he also said there was no need of a physician—I do not know whether young Mr. Cummings is here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did Mr. Cummings, senior, see your son on the Thurs
<lb/>day?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, on the Wednesday; they both came the same day, about two hours after each other; young Mr. Cummings came first.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-143" type="surname" value="PROBY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-143" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PROBY</persName> </hi>. I live in Eastfield-street, Limehouse—I have known the prisoner nine or ten years—when I first knew him he was in the same line that he is now; he kept a grocer's shop; he does not now—I believe my son was taken ill on Sunday, 20th March, and on Monday night I went to see Mr. Stevens—he has a shop in High-street, Whitechapel—I told him the boy was very ill, I believed he had got the fever; that was all I told him then—that was on the Tuesday—I did not tell him on the Monday that he had the fever—I went and got some powder and pills on the Monday—I got those from Mrs. Stevens—I did not see Mr. Stevens on the Monday evening—I had some composition powder and some pills from the prisoner's wife—I also brought him on Monday night a bottle of liniment to rub on his hip; I got that also from Mrs. Stevens—some of the powder and the pills were given to my son that night, and the liniment was rubbed on; he was no better on the Tuesday, and I went to Mr. Stevens and told him my boy was very bad, and I thought he had the fever—he gave me some powder and told me to give it to him freely—I went again that night a second time and got some more liniment, as my wife had used all that I took on Monday—part of that was used, but I think not all—I went to Mr. Ste
<lb/>vens on Wednesday evening, and told him my boy was very bad—I asked him if he would come and see him, and he came and examined him in my presence—he said that he was very bad, and he would rather see him by daylight—he then left, and told me to come up in the course of half an hour; I suppose that was to enable him to make some medicine—I went, and he gave me a bottle of medicine—I gave my son some of it as directed, and altogether be took about half the bottle—I believe the prisoner came next day by daylight, but I was not there—it must have been on the Tuesday that lome other medicine was sent by Mr. Cummings or Dr. Monk, but my son had none of it—I had always been satisfied with Mr. Stevens' treatment before, and that was the reason I did not give it to him—until my son died he took no medicine, that I know of, except what I brought from Mr. Stevens; I brought the whole of it—these are the pills, medicine, and liniment (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—this is the last he swallowed; I got it from Mr. Stevens on the Sunday, the day my son died; he died as I was pouring that down his throat—the bottle was full, and he swallowed all except what you see left in the bottle—this other bottle, with "Gargle" on it, he gave him on the day he died, because he complained of sore throat—I do not think I have any of the liniment left; my wife used all of the first bottle; the second bottle was not all used, because he ceased complaining of his hip after Wednesday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you known Mr. Stevens?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Nine or ten years—I know that he professes to sell medicines that are recom
<lb/>mended</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090031"/>
<p>by Dr. Coffin—("
<hi rend="italic">Agent to Dr. Coffin" was printed on one of the bottles</hi>)—I went to the shop on the Monday evening without saying what was the matter with my boy—I have frequently taken these medicines during the ten years that I have known the defendant—I have taken cayenne pepper a tea-spoonful at a time, when I have had a slight touch of the cold shivers; when I have been poorly from a cold: it always took away the cold shivers; and I once had the ague, and it took that away—I had not anything the matter with my leg; that was my wife—she was treated by this medicine—both her legs were swelled—she did not have cayenne pepper administered to her; she took some medicine which she got from Mr. Stevens, and her leg got quite well—I am quite sure it was my wife's legs, and not my own; I never had a bad leg, or anything the matter with me externally, which he attended—I did not see either Mr. Cummings or Dr. Monk.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ELLEN PROBT</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> We have heard that there was some lini
<lb/>ment to be rubbed on your son's hip; did you use that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, the first bottle, and part of the second—I did not give him the liniment to drink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> We understand that you got your legs cured by this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, never—I never had a bad leg; it was my husband—I am not so fond of cayenne pepper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-144" type="surname" value="CUMMINGS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-144" type="given" value="WILLIAM SPINK"/>WILLIAM SPINK CUMMINGS</persName> </hi>, M. R. C. S. I am registered under the new Act of Parliament—Mr. Proby's sister came to me, and on 24th March I went and saw the boy at the request of the mother—it was a Thursday; they are quite wrong in their dates—I only saw him once—it was about the middle of the day—my son had seen him before for a moment, I believe, but I was not present—I examined the boy—he was suffering from in
<lb/>flammatory fever, the consequence of acute suffering of the hip-joint—his state was quite dangerous, and he was in great suffering—I said, "If you have no regular medical attendant you had better send the boy to the hospital or he will be lost"—not being called in I did not recommend any particular treatment, but I said what ought to be done—a prescription of Dr. Monk was made up on my counter—I read it, and was present when it was made up—I made up part of it—I am sure of that—after the boy died, Mr. Grant made a post mortem examination in my presence—I sealed up the stomach, and gave it to the Coroner's officer—the boy had been suffering from acute inflammation of the hip-joint, for which, in my opinion, Cayenne pepper would be very injurious.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You saw that the boy was very ill, did you not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—if anybody who saw him, two hours before met, said that it was only a touch of the rheumatism, and that he would get better in a day or two, he would be a very ignorant person, and a very stupid person if it was said, but it was not said—my son is a certificated medical man, and very talented as a general practitioner—he only spoke a word of comfort, he never ex
<lb/>amined the case at all; he never interfered the least in the world; he merely looked in at the door—cayenne pepper is in the pharmacopÅ“a, only we call it there capsicum, but there are two descriptions there—if I wanted to translate capsicum into English, I should call it cayenne—hip-joint disease is scrofulous in nine cases out of ten—capsicum or cayenne may be used in scrofulous disease where there is atony or want of power—we use it occasionally as a stimulant—I have never used it in low fever, but it is used occasionally—it is a recognised remedy among the class of stimulants, and it is in our pharmacopÅ“a as a remedy for low fever, and it is optional for medical men to use it—I do not think I ever used it—I have it in my laboratory, but I use other stimulants—I prefer them—it may be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090032"/>
<p>used with propriety in proper quantities where there is a weakness in the tone of the stomach, but I do not use it—of those proper quantities the medical man judges, and they may be increased or diminished according to circumstances—one of the curative processes that I recommended was that Dr. Coffin's prescriptions ought not to be used, as he was a mere unqualified man—I take it for granted that people who have not taken out a certificate are not very likely to know what is right.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was the disease scrofula?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My opinion is that it was acute inflammation, and not scrofulous.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I do not understand you to say that the disorder might not have had its origin in scrofula?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It did not seem to me of that character—I will not undertake to say that it was not—there being aeute inflamma
<lb/>tion, cayenne pepper would certainly not be a proper thing to administer, nor in an inflammatory fever—in the state of this patient it was not a proper remedy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-145" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-145" type="given" value="FREDERICK JAMES"/>FREDERICK JAMES GRANT</persName> </hi>, F. R. C. S. I am one of the surgeons of the Royal Free Hospital, and pathological anatomist to it—I was ordered by the Coroner to make a post mortem examination of this lad about a week or nine days after his death—I found all the organs essential to life, quite healthy—I examined the hip-joint by laying it open, and found a portion of the circumference of the cartilage of the head of the bone absorbed or removed by disease, or more correctly speaking, removed by inflammation, and another portion of cartilage, about the size and shape of a shilling, had also been removed from the ossitabulum or socket of the hip—it is a ball and socket joint—the bone itself was highly inflamed, and turgid with blood, highly vascular, and in the cavity of the joint was about two teaspoonsful of matter—I looked inside the abdomen, at the part corresponding to the hip-joint, and there I found that the disease, I have been speaking of, in
<lb/>flammation; had extended to the muscle leading down to the hip-joint, and also had extended to the peritoneum, covering the muscle and its sheath; there was peritonitis or inflammation of the peritoneum at that part—some lymph bad been thrown out by the peritoneum into the substance of the muscle, causing considerable tension of the muscle—in my judgment in
<lb/>flamatory fever was the cause of death, followed by exhaustion by peritonitis—there was no difficulty in a properly qualified medical man ascertaining in the boy's lifetime what he was suffering from—in the state in which I found the hip-joint, cayenne pepper would be a very improper thing indeed to administer, because it is a powerful stimulant, and would make the inflam
<lb/>matory fever inevitably fatal—I believe that the administration of the cayenne, in doses, in connection with the acute inflammation, and inflam
<lb/>matory fever would together be inevitably fatal—this was not a scrofulous disease at all; I can give you a very good reason for saying so: the usual manifestations of scrofula in the meserteric glands, and by tubercles in the lungs, were absent—there was no scrofulous disease, nor were there the usual characteristics of it—I took out the stomach, held it up to the light, and saw that it contained a quantity of dark fluid, and that it also had, when held up to the light, a crimson hue from inflammation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Disease of the hip-joint, I believe, is not uncommon with scrofulous patients?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is very ordinary, but it would depend upon its character whether it would be one of the matters which would indicate scrofula—hip-joint disease is a generic term; it is found in scrofulous patients, but not this kind—cayenne pepper is an improper remedy in acute inflammation—you may know, but I do not know, that there is scarcely a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090033"/>
<p>medical opinion of the last age that has not been altered in the present—bleeding is not used as it was fifty or sixty years ago; it is not considered fatal now, but the treatment is very different—the doctors hardly ever carry a lancet now, because the state of the public constitution is so altered that people will not bear bleeding where they used before—I think that bleeding was all right fifty years ago—a great many medical men are not of an en
<lb/>tirely different opinion—I never saw cayenne used for low fever, or heard of it—I am not acquainted with it from books—I do not say that the notion of using it for low fever is monstrous, because I have no experience of it, but capsicum or cayenne pepper is so powerful an irritant that we should not use it in fever—low fever and acute inflammation are not the same—I have had no experience of its effects in low fever; but as regards acute inflammation its effect in congested sore throat, for instance, would preclude our using it for inflammation—I can form a judgment of it in in
<lb/>flamination, but low fever is far more mysterious, and that is the reason I cannot give an opinion—the pathology of low fever is not by any means so well understood as inflammation—cayenne is never used for inflammatory sore throats.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-146" type="surname" value="CUNNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-146" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CUNNINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I am the Coroner's officer—I received these three bottles from Mr. Proby, and this box of pills; also this jar, containing the stomach, from Mr. Cummings—I took them all to Dr. Letheby.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-147" type="surname" value="LETHEBY"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-147" type="given" value="HENRY"/>DR. HENRY LETHEBY</persName> </hi>. I am professor of chemistry at the London Hospital—I received these bottles from Cunningham; this jar containing the stomach, and this box of pills—the stomach was unopened, but I observed marks of inflammation outside of it—I opened it, and found that the mucous coat was tinted generally of a yellow colour, but here and there there were patches of a red colour as if from the action of an irritant—it contained ten drachms of liquid, (one ounce and a quartere) of a yellowish, or yellowish brown colour, which I found was due to the prsence of bile in large quantities—there was no trace of food or of any solid matter—I examined it chemically, but found no trace of matters of a poisonous nature, but only bile and cayenne-pepper—that is called in Latin
<hi rend="italic">capsicum annium</hi>—it flowers annually, and is different from
<hi rend="italic">capsicum frutescent</hi>—several kinds are used for making cayenne-pepper—the cayenne-pepper I found would account for the red patches in the stomach, and also for the presence of the quantity of bile which there was there, and for the absence of food, because being a powerful irritant, I think it likely to have created very violent vomiting, which is accompanied by a regurgilation of bile into the stomach, bile not being naturally found there—I examined this large bottle, No. 1, labelled "The mixture, take a table-spoonful four times a day, and two pills night and morning"—it is a twelve ounce bottle—it contained six and a half ounces of a brownish liquid, which on standing, separated into two portions; a quantity of vegetable matter which subsided, and a clear liquid which was a solution of cayenne-pepper—the rest was powder which subsided to the bottom of the bottle—the vegetable matter was so broken up that I was unable to ascertain by microscopic examination what it was—the cayenne-pepper was rather a strong solution as was ascertained by its taste, and by proportion which I obtained by evaporation—I am a medical man, but not a member of the College of Physicians, at least I am qualified, but do not practise—I practised some fifteen years ago, but have ceased to do so—in my judgment that mixture would not be a proper medicine to give to a person suffering from acute inflammation of the hip-joint—it would be in
<lb/>jurions—this six ounce bottle, No. 2, called" The gargle," contained four and a half ounces of a brownish liquid—it contains spirits of wine and cayenne
<lb/>pepper</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090034"/>
<p>—bottle No. 3, which the boy's father gave him when he was dying is nothing but liquorice-water—the pill-box contained thirty-two pills, weighing two and a half grains each, consisting of assafortida, or gal
<lb/>bula, a resinous matter like jalap, and a quarter of their weight of plaster of Paris and chalk—they would not have a tendency to increase inflammation.
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you not know that there is a prevailing opinion that cayeune or capsicum is a very useful remedy; I do not mean among graduates of the University, or the College of Physicians, but is it not among the masses very largely taken?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot say, I can only answer from my experience, and I have had four cases of Inquests in which I have had to inquire into it, therefore I speak from my experience, and say there may he among the masses a prevailing opinion that cayenne-pepper, and
<hi rend="italic">lobelia inflata</hi>, are good remedies for serious diseases, and I found my opinion upon the fact that I have had to investigate five cases of poisoning by lobelia and cayenne-pepper—I do not know that there have been cases in which my judgment has turned out to be very much at fault—I was not entirely in error in the case of Mr. Sheridan, the arsenic test; allow me to explain, in the case that we are referring to, there was evidence that a powder was taken out of a man's pocket and thrown into a fire, and that there was a blue flame, I thought it was therefore an important question whether the person had thrown in a paper containing arsenic; the experiment was made by me in the presence of a great number of chemists well qualified to form an opinion, and we found that it does burn with a blue flame, though a gentleman, who had perhaps never made an experiment before in his life, came into Court and gave evidence that he did not get the blue flame, but that does not prove that I was at fault—I am giving the absolutely right version—Sir Benjamin Brodie did not give a different opinion, nor was the man's life saved upon that; the man was acquitted—there was no medical opinion on the case or question of it—it is not the general opinion of the profession that I was wrong, and if you had that opinion before, let me disabuse your mind of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was the immediate cause of death?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The pain and inflammation had created great exhaustion and, as I take it, the vomit
<lb/>ing: he died of exhaustion, following on intense inflammation—the inflammation caused the exhaustion, and the exhaustion caused the death; the inflammation being partly natural and partly artificial; natural from the hip-joint, and artificial from the cayenne.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I find I am wrong about the name—it was Ann Merritt's case?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I recollect that case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Reading from the Sessions Paper, Vol.</hi> 44,
<hi rend="italic">p.</hi> 178)—"The sentence was not carried into effect in consequence of my having written a letter; I was the cause of her being respited; other scientific gentlemen interfered, and challenged the soundness of my conclusions before I wrote any letters at all."
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, the impression was that my opinion was called in question; it was a case in which Ann Merritt was tried here for murder of her husband by arsenic, and she was convicted; one very important question put to me by the Judge was, whether I could form an opinion of how long the arsenic had been administered. I forget the proportions, but I think it was eight grains, contained in nearly a pint of gruel; the evidence of the medical man, Mr. Tolman, was that the person had vomited up to half an hour of death, taking that into consideration, and as I had found nearly a pint of gruel in his stomach, and eight grains of arsenic, my opinion was that it had been taken within three hours: upon that the Judge made</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090035"/>
<p>some powerful observations, that as nobody had had access to the man but the woman, it must have been administered by her, and whether I was right in saying that the gruel might not have been there more than three hours.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS PROBY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Which was the mixture you gave your son just before his death?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> This smallest bottle (No. 3).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> It is senna (
<hi rend="italic">tasting it</hi>).</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-527-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-527-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-527-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-528">
<interp inst="t18640509-528" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-528" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-528-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-528-18640509 t18640509-528-offence-1 t18640509-528-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-528-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-528-18640509 t18640509-528-offence-1 t18640509-528-verdict-1"/>
<p>528.
<persName id="def1-528-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-528-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18640509" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18640509" type="surname" value="BATSTONE"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18640509" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALBERT BATSTONE</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-528-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-528-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-528-18640509" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def2-528-18640509" type="surname" value="BATSTONE"/>
<interp inst="def2-528-18640509" type="given" value="WARREN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARREN BATSTONE</hi> (16)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-528-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-528-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-528-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/>, Feloniously setting fire to 21 post-letters in a building, other persons being therein.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PATTERSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution and</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER THE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-150" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-150" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JONES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 63). On Thursday, 14th April, about half-past 1 in the morning, I was on duty, and saw the prisoners in front of Mr. Sherman's shop, who keeps a post-office at 32, Alexander-street, and deals in spirits—Warren was lighting his pipe with a piece of paper—they said something together which I could not hear, and then moved to the letter-box—Warren was about to put a piece of lighted paper in, when Albert said, "What the devil is the use of that? it is not half long enough"—Albert then lit a much longer piece from the piece held by Warren—then they dropped both pieces into the box—I then saw a flame come from the mouth of the letter-box, and the prisoners ran away—as soon as they had passed where I was standing, I jumped over a low wall, and ran down the middle of the road after them—I saw them turn into the gateway at the corner of Alexander-street and Alexander-terrace—immediately I saw them stop, I stopped running, and asked them if they could oblige me with a match—they felt in their pockets, and while so engaged I got close up to them—I laid hold of both of them and said, "I shall take you in custody for throwing lighted paper into a letter-box"—Albert said, "For God's sake do not look me up; I am only an errand. boy"—Warren said, "I was never near the spot"—I took him back to Mr. Sharman's, and rang him up—he opened the door, and we went into the shop—he took out the letter-box, and placed it on the counter—I then saw a number of letters more or less burnt, and on the top of the letters two pieces of paper, one burnt partly, and the other entirely (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I searched the prisoners, and on Albert I found this piece of paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) which exactly corresponds with the piece in the letter-box.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> There are apparently three pieces of paper pasted here, what are they?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> This piece was found id the letter-box—this other is only one piece—they are just as they were found, with the exception of being pasted on this paper—I was in a garden at the corner of Durham
<lb/>terrace, about thirty-five yards off—there was a gas-lamp opposite—after they had committed the act, they passed the place where I was—I do not know whose garden I was in, but I was there for the performance of certain matters connected with police duty—the gate is always left open from 10 till 6, when I leave the beat—I got over the wall scarcely a second after the prisoners passed, and took them in custody twelve or fourteen yards off—they told me that they could not give me a match, and I found no matches on them—I had never seen them before—I have since, found out that they are respectable youths in good situations—I have not found out that a young man named Halley accompanied them—they did not tell me that they had no matches, and had to light their pipes at a fishmonger's in Cireneester-street—they said that they were on their wav home to Bridge-lane—that is at Natting-hill—I took them to Mr. Sherman's shop—I did not tell them I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090036"/>
<p>wanted to show them to my mate—it took us about five minutes to get to Sherman's shop.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How far had they got from the shop?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About 100 yards—nobody was with them or in sight—the part of the newspaper found in Albert's pocket and the part found in the letter-box reads on con
<lb/>tinuously; it is about Garibaldi.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-151" type="surname" value="SHERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-151" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SHERMAN</persName> </hi>. I keep the post-office at 32, Alexander-street, West
<lb/>bourne-park, in the parish of Paddington—I also deal in wines and spirits, which are stored in a cellar just below the letter-box—there were 300 gallons there at that time—on the constable calling me up, I got my key, went to the letter-box, and found that these twenty-one letters had been burned (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the fire was just dying away—I found this newspaper on top of them just mouldering away, and there was a strong smell of smoke in the place.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statements before the Magistrate: Albert says</hi>, "I am quite innocent."
<hi rend="italic">Warren says</hi>, "The constable has told all false. We were not in Alexander-street; we were going home towards Notting-hill from St. Ste
<lb/>phen's Church. I lit my pipe in Cirencester-street; that is all I have to say; I am quite innocent. "</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that if the prisoners only intended to set fire to the letters for a mere</hi> lark,
<hi rend="italic">they would be not guilty; that if they intended to let the fire do its worst, they would be guilty, but if they set fire to the letters, and it was contrary to their intention to burn the house, even if the house had been. burned, they would not be guilty.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">suggested that this was a state of things which the Act of Parliament under which the Indictment was framed, was especially intended to meet, but the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">left the law to the Jury as above stated.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-528-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-528-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-528-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-529">
<interp inst="t18640509-529" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-529" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-529-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-529-18640509 t18640509-529-offence-1 t18640509-529-verdict-1"/>
<p>529.
<persName id="def1-529-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-529-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18640509" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18640509" type="surname" value="TRACEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18640509" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES TRACEY</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-529-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-529-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-529-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously cutting and wounding
<persName id="t18640509-name-153" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-153" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-529-offence-1 t18640509-name-153"/>John Keefe</persName>, with intent to do him some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEST</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BARNARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-154" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KEEFE</persName> </hi>. I am a militia-man, and live at Parson's-green, Fulham—on Monday morning, 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> April, there was a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> going on in the lane near my house—two or three persons were setting on my father; the prisoner was one of them—I went and pulled the prisoner off, and got my father away—the prisoner followed us, and said that as I pulled him off my father he would have it out of me—he said to my father, "I will not touch you, but I will catch hold of your bson"—he made a bounce at me, and I put up my leg to stop him—I was then at my own door, and he ran in at me, but I got away then—he did not hit me then, but he had a long thing in his hand about a foot long—my mother hallooed out, "He has got something in his hand"—he gave the long thing to another person, and then he put his hand in his pocket, making a noise in his pocket—he ran in at me in the passage, caught hold of me, and I thought he was punching me, but he was stabbing me all the time—he gave me five on the head, one on the ear, one on the neck, and one on the left side—I felt blood coming, and hallooed out, "Father, I am stabbed"—I had eight stabs altogether; seven of them after I was down, and when I hallooed "Murder!" he gave me another, and chucked the knife away—I was ill from the stabs, and was in the hospital nine days—the doctor attends me now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> At what time was this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About 1 o'clock in the morning—my father was at the top of the lane, about a hundred yards from where we live; he was about twenty yards from me when I was stabbed, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090037"/>
<p>my mother was outside my door, holding a candle about five yards off—it is a small street—I was in bed when account came that my father was in a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>, and I got up, and put my working clothes on—I put up my foot, and ticked at the prisoner before I was stabbed, but I did not kick him—he swore by the cross that he would have my life that night, and heaved a stone at me—I do not know what it was he took out of his pocket, but I think it was a poker, he afterwards took out a penknife; I saw him pull it out—my father was quite sober—I heard that the people were punching him, and went and pulled the prisoner off him—this was Saturday night; my father is a labourer, and had received his wages—my mother had gone to bed, and so had I—the prisoner said that he would have my life, about the same time that he passed the poker to the other man—I was frightened of course—I swear that my father did not attack the prisoner; he never touched him—the prisoner left me because I hallooed out that I was stabbed; he got up, and ran out into the street, and said, "I am stabbed, I am stabbed," but he was not; it was me that was stabbed—he stabbed me with a pocket-knife—I struggled with him to try to get away from him—I had not the knife in my hand—I tried to get it away from him, but it was no use—he chucked away the knife, and my mother picked it up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-155" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-155" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY KEEFE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Keefe, of Crown-street, Parson's-green, and am the mother of the last witness—on Sunday morning, 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> April, between 12 and 1, I heard a noise in the road, and talking—I had not gone to bed—I took a candle out in my hand—my son and the prisoner met in the passage—Tracey went outside the door, and drew something out of his pocket which was very glazed, but what it was I could not see—I said, "Police! he will murder us all"—he then put his hand in his pocket, crossed to the door, and he and my boy met in the passage; the boy raised his leg to give him a kick, and said, "Father, father, I am
<hi rend="italic">stuck"</hi>—the father then came, and the knife flew across my face; I picked it up—I saw it cross my face from Tracey's hand, and afterwards gave it to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where was your husband?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Outside, talking to McRoach—I was not jealous of him—he very likely bad a drop taken, the same as the rest of them, but I do not know, for I was not with him—very likely there were plenty of other people in the street; I do not know—there was no moon and no lamps—my son had not been to bed that night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Before this happened, had your son been to bed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, nor my husband either.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-156" type="surname" value="RALPH"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-156" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD RALPH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, V</hi> 212). On Sunday morning, 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> April, about 1 o'clock, I went to Crown-street, Parson's-green—there was a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> going on, and the prisoner ran past me in Crown-street—I went to the house, and found the prosecutor bleeding very much from a stab in the side and some wounds on his head—a doctor was sent for—I saw Mrs. King pick up this knife (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) and give it to me—it is a mistake if I said before the Magistrate that I saw the boy pick it up—I went after Tracey, and found him lying down at the bottom of Crown-street, kicking and
<hi rend="italic">making out</hi> as though he was dying—I got assistance, and took him to the station; we were obliged to carry him there, through his stubbornness—he was not drunk, but he had been drinking—next day, as I took him from the station to the Court, he said that he had done for a for a while; he used no other words.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you told him what he was in custody for?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not be
<lb/>fore that—I have no knowledge of how he came to say it.
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What do you call stubbornness?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Cross; he was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186405090038"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">shamming</hi> it; he was sober enough when he got to the station—I did not make any charge against him—he did not take notice of what was said, and we could make nothing of him—I said that he had stabbed Keefe, and I was going to take him to the station; that was before I took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-157" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-157" type="given" value="WILLIAM EDWARD"/>WILLIAM EDWARD LEE</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, of Fulham—on 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> April I was sent for to attend the prosecutor in Crown-street—I found four distinct incised wounds on his head, made by cutting, one on his right ear, one on his neck, and one on his left side—he was weak and exhausted from loss of blood—the wounds were in dangerous places, and might have proved dan
<lb/>gerous; for instance, the wound in his side might have penetrated his chest—I only saw him that once, and recommended his being removed to the hospital—the wounds might be caused by this knife—I went to the station-house the same night and examined the prisoner—he was not drunk; he had a slight wound on his face, and one on his hand—I do not think they were caused by any instrument.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were the wounds in themselves dangerous?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A punctured wound in the chest is always dangerous, because you cannot tell whether it has punctured the chest or not—I did not examine the wound in the side, because if it had nearly punctured the chest, I might have produced an injury by doing so—the wounds on the head went nearly to the bone, and were caused by a short instrument—there must have been a good deal of force used; the cartilage of the ear was divided in two.
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi></p>
<p>
<rs id="t18640509-529-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-529-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-529-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding.</hi> </rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-529-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-529-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-529-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-529-18640509 t18640509-529-punishment-34"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-530">
<interp inst="t18640509-530" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-530" type="date" value="18640509"/>
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<p>530.
<persName id="def1-530-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-530-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18640509" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18640509" type="surname" value="FLANAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18640509" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL FLANAGHAN</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-530-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-530-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-530-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-530-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-530-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-530-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**† to a robbery on
<persName id="t18640509-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-159" type="surname" value="ERSEN"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-159" type="given" value="STEPHEN BROWN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-530-offence-1 t18640509-name-159"/>Stephen Brown Ersen</persName>, and stealing from his person 1 hat, 1 knife, and two pence, his property, having been before convicted of felony.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18640509-530-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-530-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-530-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-530-18640509 t18640509-530-punishment-35"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1864.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18640509-531">
<interp inst="t18640509-531" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18640509"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-531" type="date" value="18640509"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-531-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-531-18640509 t18640509-531-offence-1 t18640509-531-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18640509-531-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-531-18640509 t18640509-531-offence-1 t18640509-531-verdict-2"/>
<p>531.
<persName id="def1-531-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-531-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18640509" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18640509" type="surname" value="ANSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18640509" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES ANSELL</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-531-18640509" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-531-18640509" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-531-18640509" type="age" value="42"/>
<interp inst="def2-531-18640509" type="surname" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="def2-531-18640509" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BEAUMONT</hi> (42)</persName>
<rs id="t18640509-531-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-531-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-531-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Bur
<lb/>glariously breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18640509-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-162" type="surname" value="SIMS"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-162" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18640509-531-offence-1 t18640509-name-162"/>George Sims</persName>, and stealing 4 plates of glass, his property; to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANSELL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18640509-531-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18640509-531-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-531-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BEST</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BESLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">defended Beaumont.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18640509-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18640509-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-163" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18640509-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a City detective-officer—previous to Monday, 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi> May, I received some directions from Mr. Sims, who is a looking-glass manu
<