<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>ROSE, MAYOR.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court.</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, August 17th, 1863, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY SINGER KEATING</hi>, Knt., one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-1" type="surname" value="COPELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-1" type="given" value="WILLIAM TAYLOR"/>WILLIAM TAYLOR COPELAND</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-2" type="surname" value="MUSGROVE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MUSGROVE</persName> </hi>, Bart.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-3" type="surname" value="SALOMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-3" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID SALOMONS</persName> </hi>, Esq., M.P.; and Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-4" type="surname" value="CARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-4" type="given" value="ROBERT WALTER"/>ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</persName> </hi>, Knt., Aldermen of the City of London;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-5" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-5" type="given" value="RUSSELL"/>RUSSELL GURNEY</persName> </hi>, Esq. Q. C., Recorder of the said City;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-6" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-6" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM FERNELEY ALLEN</hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-7" type="surname" value="MECHI"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN JOSEPH"/>JOHN JOSEPH MECHI</persName> </hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-8" type="surname" value="ABBISS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ABBISS</persName> </hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-9" type="surname" value="DAKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-9" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAKIN</persName> </hi>, Esq.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-10" type="surname" value="BESLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-10" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BESLEY</persName> </hi>, Esq.; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-11" type="surname" value="WATERLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-11" type="given" value="SIDNEY HEDLEY"/>SIDNEY HEDLEY WATERLOW</persName> </hi>, Esq.; Aldermen of the said City; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-12" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-12" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>, Esq., Q. C., Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-13" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-13" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>JAMES CLARKE LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>, Esq. Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-14" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-14" type="given" value="HUGH"/>HUGH JONES</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-15" type="surname" value="FARRAR"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-15" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK FARRAR</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-16" type="surname" value="MACKRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-16" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MACKRELL</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSE, MAYOR. TENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, August</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1863.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-967-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-967-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-967-18630817" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-967-18630817" type="surname" value="WOODGATE"/>
<interp inst="def1-967-18630817" type="given" value="JESSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JESSE WOODGATE</hi> (26)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18630817-967-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-967-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-967-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> for feloniously receiving 9 oz. of gold, value 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-18" type="surname" value="SUMMERS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-18" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-967-offence-1 t18630817-name-18"/>Frederick Summers</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-19" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-19" type="given" value="TINDAL"/>MR. TINDAL ATKINSON</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-20" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-20" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, G</hi> 22). From information I received on 13th June last, I went with Jarvis to Mr. Savage's, a pawnbroker in White
<lb/>chapel-road—I went into the shop, and found Mr. Savage and the prisoner—I told Mr. Savage, in the prisoner's presence, that we had come to make some inquiry about some gold that had been stolen, which he had purchased—he said, "Not me, my man," pointing to the prisoner—I then asked the prisoner who he got it from, and—when he said, "I bought it after business hours on Thursday night"—I said, "Who did you buy it of?"—he said, "Of a man; I never saw him before, and I don't know who he is"—I said, "Is that all you know about it?"—he said, "I asked him his name and address; he looked like a working man; I thought he was in the trade"—I said, "Will you show me the entry?"—he looked about the shop for a book some little time—Mr. Savage said it was upstairs in the drawing-room—a book was fetched down, and the entry was shown—it was the last entry in the book—there appeared to be some sand on the writing—Jarvis, who was with me, said, "This has been altered from the 11th to the 12th"—the prisoner then said, it being an affair that had occurred after business hours, it would not go into that day's account—Mr. Savage said that he always sent all his old gold and silver to Messrs. Johnson and Walker, the refiners, in Aldersgate-street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEST</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you take possession of the book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; it has been in my possession ever since—the prisoner could not have made any alteration in the book after I went into the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ATKINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who was the book brought down by?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> One of the boys; I don't know which.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-21" type="surname" value="BUCKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-21" type="given" value="GEORGE ALEXANDER"/>GEORGE ALEXANDER BUCKLAND</persName> </hi>. I am a gold-flatter, in Hop-gardens, St. Martin's-lane—Mr. Summers occasionally sends gold to us to flat—on 11th June some gold was brought to my place—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—I flatted it—I remember young Mr. Summers being at my place—he brought the gold, and called again for it—he got it about 5 o'clock in the evening—there was about nine ounces, full—I saw that gold again next day—the prisoner brought it about 3 in the afternoon—he wanted it melted for an assay—when he produced it I recognised it, and said there was some suspicion</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170004"/>
<p>attaching to it, we had rather not melt it—he was quite agreeable not to have it melted if that was the case—he said he was recommended to our house to get it melted, and mentioned some name, which I forget—he said that he had bought it, and he had come from the firm of Savage, of Whitechapel—my father said, "We must detain this," after looking at it a second time—the prisoner said, "You must give me a receipt for it, and I will give you my address"—my brother proposed to go to Mr. Summers to ascertain whether it was really their gold or no—the prisoner said he could not spare the time, he should be wanted at home; if we would write to him that would answer the same purpose—the market value of the gold is about 38
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You are not assayers, I believe?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, melters and flatters—a great quantity of gold goes through my hands—I have a good deal of experience in the matter—a person of small experience would not be able to tell the actual value until he had it assayed—from our experience we could judge that the one portion was fine gold, and the other nearly fine; it was flatted by us—its value is easily seen by us, not by a person not in the trade—a person knowing it to be gold could tell pretty nearly the value of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-22" type="surname" value="SUMMERS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-22" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SUMMERS</persName> </hi>. I assist my father, Frederick Summers, in his busi
<lb/>ness of a gold-beater, in Little Britain—on 11th June I went to St. Martin's-lane for this gold—I got it about 5 o'clock, or a little after—I came down Fleet-street—two persons, named McDougal and Eades, were with me—I carried the gold—McDougal asked me to let him carry it, and I did so, and about a minute after he disappeared without my knowing it—I did not see what became of him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is this the first time you have ever lost gold entrusted to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, this is the first—I swear that—McDougal was a companion of mine—I had known him nearly twelve months—he lived in St. John-street—I went there about an hour or so afterwards, to see whether he had gone home—St. John-street is about a quarter of an hour's walk from where I lost him—I did not go there at once, because I did not know that he had gone away with it—the one that was with him said he had gone to Bradbury's, in Fleet-street, to see somebody—I slept at McDougal's house that night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did McDougal return home that night?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I have never seen him since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-23" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-23" type="surname" value="SUMMERS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-23" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SUMMERS</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of the last witness—this gold is worth, as near as possible to a fraction, 38
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it is the property of my father.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You are not an assayer?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; we have to melt gold, but we do not style ourselves gold melters, because we do not melt for the trade; we are gold-beaters, and manufacturers of gold and silver leaf—it is not alloyed before it comes to us to be beaten; we alloy it—there is a variation of 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per oz.; the highest price is 86
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and the lowest 85
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—we alloy the gold according to the purpose it is intended for—it can be alloyed down to almost a little above the value of silver—in order to produce a very extraordinary colour, we have reduced it to one-half in value—some notion of the value of gold may be formed by the use of a stone and aqua-fortis—I should think a person, without having it assayed, might be able to tell the value within a few shillings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ATKINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Would a man who buys and sells gold of that kind in the ordinary course of trade, by looking at it, know pretty well what the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170005"/>
<p>value of it was?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I should say so, or he ought not to buy and sell—if alloy was mixed with it it would not look the slightest like that in colour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-24" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SAVAGE</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker in Whitechapel-road—the prisoner is my managing man—he buys and sells for me—I had nothing to do with the purchase of this gold—the first I knew of it was on Saturday morning, the 13th, the day the police came—I don't know that I have ever had gold assayed—I have generally sold my gold to Messrs. Johnson and Walker; that is, gold in the usual course of business, small amounts.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you carried on business?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Thirty years for myself—the prisoner has been in my employment two years and a half—he came from Redpath's—he had been there, I think, between three and four years—I am very much interested in this defence—I believe him to be a highly respectable young man—I had the first of characters with him—I knew of this purchase on the Saturday morning—I have no partner; the management of the business was left in the prisoner's hands—I come to town three times a week, on Monday, Thursday, and Saturday—I was not in town on the Friday—on the Saturday morning, when I came to town, I went upstairs, as I usually did, to the dining-room, where my accounts and letters are placed—I went up and read my letters, and saw this book with this entry in it: "9 ounces of gold purchased for 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.," with the date altered as it now appears—the effect of that would be to bring it into the balance of that day instead of leaving it on another date which had already been balanced—the pawnbroking business had been balanced, and the cash told up—the prisoner could not by any possibility have gained the slightest advantage by this—my attention was called to the entry—that entry was made before the officers came—whatever profit there was in the arrangement I should have had.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you any book in which an entry would be made of the money paid out or received, beyond this book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I should find it out by the shortness of cash.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witnesses for the Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-25" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-25" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED SPENCER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Savage—I was present when this gold was bought by the prisoner—I was engaged while the transaction took place—soon after the person left the shop I saw the prisoner make this entry in this book—that might have been four or five minutes after the purchase, not longer—on the Friday morning, after breakfast, I saw him alter the entry—in the course of the Friday a person in the trade, named Davis, was in the shop talking to the prisoner—the prisoner showed him the gold, and he recommended Mr. Buckland, of Hop-gardens, as a proper person to take it to.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ATKINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where is that book usually kept?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the shop, not in the room upstairs—any person could see it—we have no other book except this for entering payments of cash—all the purchases made in the shop from the first date in the book are entered here—there is no other; we do not keep a cash book—we have other books for the pledges—we have no other bought-book—I was about the middle of the shop at the time the transaction took place, the prisoner was at one end—I was making up the low book, in which we enter our low pledges; that is, sums under 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I saw the entry made on the Thursday night—there were two boys shutting up at the time; one was carrying the shutters out, and the other putting them up—I do not think they were in the shop at the time the entry was made—I did not take particular notice of the person who brought the gold; he appeared to be a middle-aged man, of about thirty or forty years of age—I had never seen him before.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170006"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Has Mr. Savage a plate and bullion licence as well as a pawnbroker's?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-26" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-26" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DAY</persName> </hi>. I am one of Mr. Savage's assistants—I remember the even
<lb/>ing on which the prisoner bought some gold—I saw this book on the counter, but I did not see him do anything to it—on the following morning I was close by his side writing tickets, and saw him alter the date from the 11th to the 12th.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where did he do that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> At the top of the shop—the book is usually kept in the shop, but on the mornings when Mr. Savage comes it generally goes up to the dining-room, where Mr. Savage goes through the accounts.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-27" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-27" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I am a gold-refiner, in partnership with Mr. Walker—I understand thoroughly the process of alloying gold—four guineas an ounce is the purchasing price unalloyed—it is alloyed for the different purposes of trade down to 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. an ounce—when it is alloyed to a certain value, a little below 18 carats fine, a person can tell its value by the application of a stone and aqua-fortis—it would then be about 63
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. an ounce—below that it is acted upon by the acid—from 63
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 80
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., a person would not be able to tell the actual value by tests—a man who did not understand his business buying gold at 63
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. would not be able to tell the actual value, without an assay—my practice is great; I can tell by the eye—supposing my eye did not tell me, I could not tell the value without an assay.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You have done business for Mr. Savage, have you not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have—I do not know how long he has had. a plate and bullion licence—I believe it is usual for pawnbrokers to have a plate licence—I have done a good deal of business with him at different times—I have known him some years—I should say he does a good business in buying and selling—I cannot say when I last had any dealings with him—Mr. Savage generally brings his lots himself—it is not very often—our place is in Aldersgate-street—there are several other refiners in that neighbourhood—a gold-flatter is a different business from a refiner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is Mr. Savage's a perfectly respectable establishment, as far as you know?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAVAGE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I have had a plate licence as long as I have been in business, thirty years—there are entries at both ends of this book; one is the purchasing and the other the selling—where no price is put there was no profit attaching to the sale; and I am sorry to say that is the case with a good many lots.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-28" type="surname" value="REDFERN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-28" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS REDFERN</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller and dealer in gold in Edgeware-road—with respect to gold above the value of 60
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., it is difficult to arrive at the precise value without an assay—I never buy gold if more than 60
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. an ounce is wanted without first sending it to Mr. Johnson to assay.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SAVAGE</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>) I had not given the prisoner any special instructions as to purchasing after 7 o'clock; we take it for granted that they know the Act, but unfortunately ten out of every twenty young men do not know whether or not they have a right to purchase after 7 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-967-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-967-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-967-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-968">
<interp inst="t18630817-968" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-968" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-968-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-968-18630817 t18630817-968-offence-1 t18630817-968-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-968-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-968-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-968-18630817" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-968-18630817" type="surname" value="MORRISON"/>
<interp inst="def1-968-18630817" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES MORRISON</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-968-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-968-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-968-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18630817-name-30" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-30" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-30" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS CAFANDE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-968-offence-1 t18630817-name-30"/>Augustus Cafande Palmer</persName> and others </rs>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEST</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-968-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-968-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-968-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-968-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-968-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-968-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-968-18630817 t18630817-968-punishment-1"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-969">
<interp inst="t18630817-969" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-969" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-969-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-969-18630817 t18630817-969-offence-1 t18630817-969-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-969-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-969-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-969-18630817" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-969-18630817" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="def1-969-18630817" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE COOK</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-969-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-969-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-969-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18630817-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-32" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-32" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-969-offence-1 t18630817-name-32"/>James Reed</persName> with intent to do grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170007"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-33" type="surname" value="REED"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-33" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES REED</persName> </hi>. On the night of 14th July, I was with the prisoner, going towards a field near Chase-gate, Hadley—I had been working with him all day and supping with him—I was quite sober—I expect we were both so—my brothers had been with us at supper, but they were not with us when this happened—after supper the prisoner and I turned back to the field at the Chase-gate and lay down—the prisoner said I should not lie there, if I did he would cut my head off with a scythe—there had been very few words between us; only what he said himself—I had given him no blackguarding—he said this without any provocation—I did not lie down—the prisoner started with the intention, as I supposed, to fetch the scythe, and I went to stop him and he threw me down, kicked me in the body, and cut me with a knife on the left arm—I did not strike him at all before he struck me—I struck him with my open hand, but not before he cut me with the knife in the arm, here is the mark; I bled very much—I went for a policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you not knock me down after we got out of the town of Barnet?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not—I did not push you into a pond and say, "You b—I will drown you"—I did not offer to fight you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-34" type="surname" value="GODSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-34" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GODSON</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon at Barnet—the prosecutor was brought to my surgery about 1 in the morning of 15th July; he was very much exhausted from loss of blood, and was then bleeding profusely from the left arm—there were four or five deep jagged wounds, one almost reaching to the bone, which I was obliged to sew up and dress—I consider he was in danger from such severe wounds—erysipelas might have followed, but they healed up very well.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-35" type="surname" value="PARSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-35" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PARSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, S</hi> 258). I met with the prosecutor on this sight and took him to the surgeon—I took the prisoner into custody about 5 o'clock in the morning—I told him he was charged with cutting and wounding—he said he was very sorry, but it could not be helped now.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did not I show the place where he shoved me into the water?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You said that he had shoved you in the water—I did not notice that your clothes were wet—you had gone away and taken your scythe away.</p>
<rs id="t18630817-969-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-969-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-969-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of unlawfully wounding</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18630817-969-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-969-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-969-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-969-18630817 t18630817-969-punishment-2"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Nine Months</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>:—</p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-970">
<interp inst="t18630817-970" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-970" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-970-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-970-18630817 t18630817-970-offence-1 t18630817-970-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-970-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-970-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-970-18630817" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-970-18630817" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-970-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HENRY WES
<lb/>TON</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-970-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-970-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-970-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing 8 yards of silk and other goods of
<persName id="t18630817-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-37" type="surname" value="BEVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-37" type="given" value="GEORGE FRANCIS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-970-offence-1 t18630817-name-37"/>George Francis Beville</persName> and another, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-970-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-970-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-970-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-970-18630817 t18630817-970-punishment-3"/>Confined Eighteen Months.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-970-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-970-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-970-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-971">
<interp inst="t18630817-971" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-971" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-971-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-971-18630817 t18630817-971-offence-1 t18630817-971-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-971-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-971-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-971-18630817" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-971-18630817" type="surname" value="CUTTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-971-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CUTTS</hi> (32)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-971-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-971-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-971-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing 6 pairs of leather boot shapes, of
<persName id="t18630817-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-39" type="surname" value="LUTWYCHE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-39" type="given" value="EDGAR"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-971-offence-1 t18630817-name-39"/>Edgar Lutwyche</persName> and others, his masters.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-971-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-971-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-971-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-971-18630817 t18630817-971-punishment-4"/>Confined Eighteen Months.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-971-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-971-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-971-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-972">
<interp inst="t18630817-972" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-972" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-972-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-972-18630817 t18630817-972-offence-1 t18630817-972-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-972-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-972-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-972-18630817" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-972-18630817" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="def1-972-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN THOMAS WALSH</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-972-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-972-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-972-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, to stealing 42 yards' of linen, value 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of
<persName id="t18630817-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-41" type="surname" value="DEVASS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-972-offence-1 t18630817-name-41"/>William Devass</persName> and others, in their dwelling-house.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-972-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-972-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-972-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-972-18630817 t18630817-972-punishment-5"/>Confined Nine Months.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-972-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-972-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-972-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-973">
<interp inst="t18630817-973" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-973" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-973-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-973-18630817 t18630817-973-offence-1 t18630817-973-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-973-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-973-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-973-18630817" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-973-18630817" type="surname" value="FADD"/>
<interp inst="def1-973-18630817" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY FADD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-973-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-973-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-973-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, to burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18630817-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-43" type="surname" value="PROUDFOOT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-43" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-973-offence-1 t18630817-name-43"/>Thomas Proudfoot</persName>, and stealing 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. his property.—**</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-973-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-973-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-973-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-973-18630817 t18630817-973-punishment-6"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-973-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-973-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-973-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-974">
<interp inst="t18630817-974" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-974" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-974-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-974-18630817 t18630817-974-offence-1 t18630817-974-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-974-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-974-18630817 t18630817-974-offence-1 t18630817-974-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-974-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-974-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-974-18630817" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-974-18630817" type="surname" value="PENTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-974-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PENTON</hi> (17)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-974-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-974-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-974-18630817" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-974-18630817" type="surname" value="PENTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-974-18630817" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER PENTON</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-974-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-974-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-974-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing 24 umbrellas, value 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18630817-name-46" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-46" type="surname" value="GARRATT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-46" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-974-offence-1 t18630817-name-46"/>William Garratt</persName>, their master.</rs>
<rs id="t18630817-974-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-974-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-974-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-974-18630817 t18630817-974-punishment-7"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-974-18630817 t18630817-974-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Twelve Months each.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18630817-974-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-974-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-974-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-975">
<interp inst="t18630817-975" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-975" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-975-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-975-18630817 t18630817-975-offence-1 t18630817-975-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-975-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-975-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-975-18630817" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-975-18630817" type="surname" value="TERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-975-18630817" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES TERRY</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-975-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-975-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-975-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing 51 yards of linen and other goods of
<persName id="t18630817-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-48" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-48" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-975-offence-1 t18630817-name-48"/>Thomas Barnes</persName> and another, his masters</rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-975-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-975-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-975-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-975-18630817 t18630817-975-punishment-8"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-975-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-975-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-975-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs>; and</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-976">
<interp inst="t18630817-976" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-976" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-976-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-976-18630817 t18630817-976-offence-1 t18630817-976-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-976-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-976-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-976-18630817" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-976-18630817" type="surname" value="SPARKES"/>
<interp inst="def1-976-18630817" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SPARKES</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-976-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-976-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-976-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, to stealing 13 lbs. of fat, of
<persName id="t18630817-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-50" type="surname" value="BENBOW"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-50" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-976-offence-1 t18630817-name-50"/>Henry Benbow</persName> and another, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-976-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-976-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-976-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18630817-976-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-976-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-976-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-976-18630817 t18630817-976-punishment-9"/>Judgment Respited.[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, August</hi> 17
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1863.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-977">
<interp inst="t18630817-977" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-977" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-977-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-977-18630817 t18630817-977-offence-1 t18630817-977-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-977-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-977-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-977-18630817" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-977-18630817" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-977-18630817" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED JOHNSON</hi> (30)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18630817-977-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-977-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-977-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin</rs>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-52" type="surname" value="SHOEBRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-52" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SHOEBRIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am a market-gardener at Halsted, in Kent—at about 5 o'clock on the morning of 11th July, I was at Covent-garden market—the prisoner came up and asked the price of a box of strawberries—I said 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he offered me 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I said he might have them—he gave me a sovereign—I looked at it, and put it in my right-hand waistcoat pocket, where there was no other money—a man standing on the other side came across and spoke to me then—I kept the sovereign in my pocket by itself till I went to the station and gave it up to the constable—I heard the prisoner was taken into custody, and went and identified him—I put a mark on the sovereign—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you put it in your pocket before the man came up to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; afterwards—I had no other gold about me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-53" type="surname" value="COTTERELL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-53" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN COTTERELL</persName> </hi>. I live at Horsham—on 11th July, about half-past 6, I was in Covent-garden market selling fruit—the prisoner bought a sieve of currants of me for 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and left a shilling on the basket, which he was to return—he gave me a half-crown, two shillings, and a sixpence, and went away—one of the porters came and spoke to me and I looked at the half-crown and found it was bad—the other money was good—the prisoner was afterwards taken into custody and brought back to my place, and I identified him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long after you got the money was it that the porter spoke to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not a moment; he saw the prisoner put the money in my hand, and came directly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-54" type="surname" value="HALEY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-54" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HALEY</persName> </hi>. I am a porter in the market—I saw the prisoner in front of Mrs. Cotterell's stand, and saw him give her half-a-crown, two shillings, and a sixpence, and leave with the currants—I immediately spoke to Mrs. Cotterell, and took the half-crown up and found it was bad; I kept it, and went after the prisoner who was about 200 yards off—I said, "You must come back"—he said, "What for?"—I said, "Mrs. Cotterell wants you"—he said, "I don't want to go back, you take the currants back"—I said, "No"—he said, "Here is 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for you and let me go"—I said, "No, I am not to be bought like that," and he then came back to the stand with the currants—he wanted to get out of the stand and I would not let him go—he laid hold of me and I took hold of him—he kicked me about till the beadle came and took him into custody—when he came back to Mrs. Cotterell's stand I told him the half crown was bad, and he wanted to give her a good one for it, and said he was not aware of it, and that he had just bought a bushel of peas and got it in change from a man named Bagley for a sovereign—he was given into custody—I marked the half-crown at the station and gave it to the inspector—this is it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you ever been convicted?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, never; nor ever been in any trouble, I swear that—I have been employed as a porter in the market for about eight years at a weekly salary—I took the half-crown out of Mrs. Cotterell's hand and followed the prisoner with it—he said he had it from Mrs. Bagley not Mr. Bagley—he might have asked Mrs. Cotterell to go with him to Mr. Bagley; he could not have asked me—I swear he did not—
<hi rend="italic">The witness's deposition being read stated</hi>: "He asked me to go with him to Mrs. Bagley's and I refused to go"—All I can say is he could not have asked me to go with him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-55" type="surname" value="ALDERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-55" type="given" value="BARNABAS"/>BARNABAS ALDERMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a beadle at Covent garden market—I produce a half-crown and a sovereign which I received from a person named Crabb,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170009"/>
<p>a beadle in the market—he is too ill to attend—I have had them in my charge ever since.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where did Crabb give them to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In his own house, about half-past 8 in the evening.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-56" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin to the Mint—this is a bad sovereign and a bad half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-977-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-977-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-977-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner was further charged with having been before convicted of uttering counterfeit coin on</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th December</hi>, 1861,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Alfred Millwall</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Sentence, Six Months; to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-977-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-977-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-977-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-977-18630817 t18630817-977-punishment-10"/>Five Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-978">
<interp inst="t18630817-978" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-978" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-978-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-978-18630817 t18630817-978-offence-1 t18630817-978-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-978-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-978-18630817 t18630817-978-offence-1 t18630817-978-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-978-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-978-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-978-18630817" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-978-18630817" type="surname" value="LEARY"/>
<interp inst="def1-978-18630817" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL LEARY</hi> (18)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-978-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-978-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-978-18630817" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-978-18630817" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="def2-978-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN FORD</hi> (20)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18630817-978-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-978-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-978-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-59" type="surname" value="SEAGER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SEAGER</persName> </hi>. On 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. June, I was assisting at the Admiral Nelson public-house at Westminster—Ford came in for a pot of half and half; he tendered a shilling—I found it was bad and told him it was no use to come to us, we knew too well what good money was, and if he came again we should lock him up—he was very abusive and I called in 228 B, and gave him the shilling and another one which I had taken previously—the land
<lb/>lord was out of town, and Ford was let go.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Ford. Q.</hi> Was there not a young woman who called for a pint of beer at the same time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; a young woman came in with you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-60" type="surname" value="POWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE POWLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 228). I was called into the Admiral Nelson and received these two shillings from the last witness—I saw the prisoner there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-61" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-61" type="surname" value="GUBBY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-61" type="given" value="ANNA"/>ANNA GUBBY</persName> </hi>. I live at 11, Lower George-street, Chelsea, and keep a greengrocer's shop—on 29th June, Leary came to my shop for 2 lbs. of potatoes, and gave me half-a-crown—I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—the instant he had left I found it was bad—I went after him; he had got two or three doors down—I said to him, "You are aware you have passed a bad half-crown, and if a policeman was here I would give you into custody"—he said he took it of his master—he then gave me the change and the potatoes back—I broke the half-crown in two—I kept one piece and he had the other—I allowed him to go—I happened to be at the police court and recognised him in custody—I gave the piece of the half-crown to 143 B.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-62" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-62" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD BARTLETT</persName> </hi>. I keep the Two Brewers public-house, Little Tufton-street, Westminster—on 30th June, the prisoners came to my place together between 3 and 4 o'clock in the afternoon—Leary called for a pot of half and half, and tendered my barmaid a bad half-crown which she handed at once to me—I asked Leary where he had it from; he said he had it at his work in Hungerford-wharf—I detained them and gave them into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-63" type="surname" value="GEHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-63" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>CORNELIUS GEHAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, R</hi> 70). I produce a counterfeit half-crown which I got from the last witness—2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was found on Leary, nothing on Ford.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-64" type="surname" value="STARR"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN STARR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 143). Ford was given into my custody—on the way to the station Leary said to Ford, "I think it is a case with us at last, Jack"—I received this piece of a half-crown (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from Mrs. Gubby.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-65" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings are both bad and from the same mould—this half-crown is bad, and this is the fragment of a bad half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Leary's Defence.</hi> I got the money where I was at work, and I took Ford and some others into the public-house to treat them. I did not know the money was bad.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170010"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ford's Defence.</hi> I met Leary with two girls and another young chap; he asked me to come and have a drop of beer. I went in, and the landlord said the half-crown he gave was bad. Leary said he had it from his work. I said I had nothing to do with it, it was no use keeping me; he said, "I shall keep both of you."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-978-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-978-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-978-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-978-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-978-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-978-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-978-18630817 t18630817-978-punishment-11"/>Confined Nine Months each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-979">
<interp inst="t18630817-979" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-979" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-979-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-979-18630817 t18630817-979-offence-1 t18630817-979-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-979-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-979-18630817 t18630817-979-offence-1 t18630817-979-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-979-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-979-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-979-18630817" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-979-18630817" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-979-18630817" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANTHONY FREEMAN</hi> (47)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-979-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-979-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-979-18630817" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def2-979-18630817" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def2-979-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BROWN</hi> (36)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18630817-979-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-979-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-979-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-68" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-68" type="surname" value="THRELLFORL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-68" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN THRELLFORL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Threllforl, who keeps the City Arms public-house at Hanwell—on 15th July, the prisoners came to our bar—Freeman asked me for a pint of ale—he first gave me a sovereign—I said I had no change, and he gave me a crown-piece—I tried it with my teeth and found it was bad—I gave it him back and told him it was bad and that I could not change it—he then gave me the sovereign again and asked me to change it—I said I could not, and he then asked Brown for a sixpence—he said he had not got sixpence, but he had a two-shilling piece—Brown gave him that and I gave him change—Brown had half-a-pint of beer by himself.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SMITH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> About what time was this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Between 10 and 11 in the morning—the two-shilling piece was good.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-69" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-69" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH JACKSON</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Load of Hay beer-shop at Green
<lb/>ford, near Hanwell—on 16th July, very near 11 o'clock, the prisoners came in—Freeman called for a pint of ale and a penny-worth of tobacco, and offered me a five-shilling piece—I put it in my mouth, found it was bad, and returned it to him—Brown then gave me sixpence—they left together, and took away the five-shilling piece.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What is the distance between your public-house and the one at Hanwell?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About a quarter of a mile—there is no other house between the two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-70" type="surname" value="FLYNN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-70" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH FLYNN</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Flynn, a baker at Greenford—on Thursday morning, 16th July, a little after 11, Freeman came for a penny
<lb/>worth of bread—he asked first for change for a sovereign—I said I had no change—he then gave me a five-shilling piece, and I gave him 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change; he also had some cheese, and paid me with a penny—he then asked me the way to Willesden—he went out of the shop and returned again, and asked me where they sold ginger-beer—I directed him, and he went over to a shop where they sold it—he did not go towards Willesden—a person, named Robinson, afterwards asked me what he had given me—I looked at the five-shilling piece, and found it was bad—it had been in my pocket by itself—I bit it before I gave it to the constable—I did not see anything of Brown till Freeman was taken.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you not said this was before 11 o'clock?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I should think it had gone 11—it was a very little after 11—we always put the money in our pockets, very rarely in the till.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-71" type="surname" value="TARRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-71" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TARRANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, G</hi> 330). I received information and went after the prisoners, and found them with a pony and cart—I found a sovereign in Freeman's pocket, and a two-shilling piece in his mouth, good money—I produce a five-shilling piece that Mrs. Flynn gave me—Freeman said he borrowed the five-shilling piece of Brown—Brown did not say any
<lb/>thing to that—my brother constable searched Brown, and found 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. good money, a knife, and a small chain.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-72" type="surname" value="THRELLFORL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-72" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN THRELLFORL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This is the crown-piece which was given to me by Freeman, and which I returned.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170011"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How do you know it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> By the mark I put on it—we do not take many five shilling-pieces—I am perfectly satisfied this is the crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-73" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-73" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This crown is bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-979-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-979-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-979-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-979-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-979-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-979-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-979-18630817 t18630817-979-punishment-12"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-979-18630817 t18630817-979-punishment-12"/>Confined Nine Months each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-980">
<interp inst="t18630817-980" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-980" type="date" value="18630817"/>
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<persName id="def1-980-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-980-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-980-18630817" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-980-18630817" type="surname" value="DALEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-980-18630817" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK DALEY</hi> (52)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18630817-980-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-980-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-980-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-75" type="surname" value="TREDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-75" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH TREDALL</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Duke's Head, Norton Folgate—about half-past 7, on the night of 16th July, the prisoner came in there with a woman; an old man came in first—the prisoner said to him, "What are you going to stand for the old girl and me; will you stand some port wine?"—the old man said, "You must drink the same as I have"—that was spruce, and some spruce and hot water was ordered, and paid for—the old man then left, and the prisoner asked for a bottle of ginger beer—he produced a sovereign, and I put the change on the counter—a half-sovereign, three half-crowns, a florin, and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I was just going to put the sovereign in the till when the prisoner said, "This is not Watt's ginger beer; I like Watt's; give me back my sovereign"—I gave it him back, and he and the female walked out—I did not see him touch the change—I picked it up, and found the half-sovereign was counterfeit—it was not the one I had given him—I ran after the prisoner—he was walking down White Lion-street—he turned round, saw me, and ran away, leaving the female—she turned up a court, and I captured her—another young man ran after the prisoner and caught him in a cab.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-76" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-76" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HURST</persName> </hi>. I am under barman at the Duke's Head—I saw the prisoner put down the sovereign—Mr. Tredall gave him the change, and turned round to put the sovereign away—the prisoner said, "This is not Watt's ginger beer, is it?"—he said, "No, we have not got it"—he said, "Give me my sovereign back"—he did so, and they went out—I afterwards ran after the man—I saw a cab starting from the stand at Shoreditch—the prisoner was inside—I said, "Here, young fellow, I want you"—he said, "What for? you are mistaken"—I went to one side of the cab, and he tried to get out of the other—I went round and caught him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-77" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-77" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL MARTIN</persName> </hi>. I am a hackney carriage attendant at the stand, High-street, Shoreditch—on the evening of 16th July, the prisoner walked up, got into a cab, and said to the cabman, "Strand, quick"—the last witness then came up, and said that he wanted him—the prisoner wanted to get out of the other side of the cab—we followed him up Shoreditch and secured him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When you apprehended me, did I walk quietly to the station without a policeman?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; nothing was found in the cab.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-78" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-78" type="given" value="ISRAEL"/>ISRAEL WATTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 184). I was in White Lion-street on this day in plain clothes, and saw the prisoner and the female cross the road into White Lion-street—the prisoner then ran up the first turning on the, left—I took the female to the station, and Mr. Jodain there gave me this half-sovereign (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) which I afterwards gave to Moffat—the woman was discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-79" type="surname" value="MOFFAT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-79" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MOFFAT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, G</hi> 94). The prisoner was given into my custody—I told him he was charged with uttering a counterfeit half-sovereign—he said he knew nothing about it—he was searched at the station, and a good sovereign and a penny found on him—I produce a half-sovereign which I received from the last witness.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170012"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-80" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad half-sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-980-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-980-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-980-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-980-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-980-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-980-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-980-18630817 t18630817-980-punishment-13"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-981">
<interp inst="t18630817-981" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-981" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-981-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-981-18630817 t18630817-981-offence-1 t18630817-981-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-981-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-981-18630817 t18630817-981-offence-1 t18630817-981-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-981-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-981-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-981-18630817" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-981-18630817" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="def1-981-18630817" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK LONG</hi> (25)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-981-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-981-18630817" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-981-18630817" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-981-18630817" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def2-981-18630817" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTHA WILLIAMS</hi> (24)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18630817-981-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-981-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-981-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-83" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-83" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE KING</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, D</hi> 76). On Saturday, August 1st, about half-past 1, I was in Bond-street in plain clothes—I saw the prisoners there walking together, and followed them up Bond-street as far as Brook-street—they crossed over into South Moulton-street, and stood talking there two or three minutes, and then the man walked away, and the woman went further up the street and met a little girl—she stopped her, and spoke to her—the little girl shook her head—the female said something else to her, but she shook her head again and ran away from her—she then joined the male prisoner again, and walked a little further up the street, then he crossed over and she met another little girl, named Louisa Taylor—she spoke to her, and gave her something—the little girl left her, and came running past me on the opposite side of the way, and went to a stationer's shop, No. 13—she came out again—the female met her just where I was standing, and I saw the little girl give her some silver, and the prisoner give the little girl something back—she then joined the male prisoner, and they went together towards Oxford-street—I ran over and spoke to the little girl, who had gone down a court, and afterwards went into the stationer's shop—Day showed me a bad half-crown—I then went after the prisoners, and followed them into Woodstock-street, Bond-street, Brook-street, and into South Moulton-street again—they then separated, and I spoke to 317 A about the woman, and I went and took the man in custody—I told him I was a constable, and should take him into custody for being concerned with the woman, pointing to her, in passing a bad half-crown—he said, "You have made a mistake, old fellow"—I then took him across to the woman and saw her throw something from her right hand—I called out to the other constable, "Pick up that half-crown that the woman has thrown down"—he picked it up, and gave it to me at the station—we found a half-penny in the female's hand—I had hold of the man by the collar and left hand—when we were in Argyle-street a boy, named Howard, came up and said to me, "Here is something which the man you have got hold of has thrown into a cab; here is a half-crown"—I said, "Give it to the police
<lb/>man"—there was a policeman standing close by him—the prisoner said, "Let me go; I know nothing about it; take it away boy; if you don't I will strike you;" and he endeavoured to strike him—I searched him at the the station, and found a florin, four shillings, and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., all good money—the packet found in the cab was handed to me—there were two separate parcels, one contained these four half-crowns, and the other contained these eight, twelve altogether (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—this is the loose one the boy picked up in the cab.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Long. Q.</hi> How long was it after the girl came out of the shop that you went into it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not half a minute—I did not see you throw anything away—I watching you closely all the time, except crossing Oxford-street, where the traffic was so great I had to look after myself and you too, to get across—I said if you put your hand in your pocket I would throw you on your back—you could have done so without my seeing it as we were crossing over, you must have taken the parcel out of your pocket then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-84" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-84" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I live with my parents at 22, South Moulton-street—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170013"/>
<p>was in the street on 1st July—the female prisoner spoke to me, and said, "Little girl, will you go down the street and fetch me six pennyworth of stamps; if you will I will give you a halfpenny;" and she told me to make haste—she gave me a half-crown, and told me to go to the stationer's shop down the street—I went to Scripps and Day's, and saw Mr. Charles Day in the shop—I gave him the half-crown I got from the prisoner, and he gave me six postage-stamps and two shillings—I came out, met the prisoner, and gave her the stamps and the two shillings, and she gave me a halfpenny—she asked me if I had seen a lady or a gentleman in the shop, and I told her a gentleman—she then went away towards Oxford-street—I went down a court—the policeman came and spoke to me, and I told him what had taken place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Long. Q.</hi> Are you sure this is the woman who gave you the half-crown?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I know her by her face—I was at Marlborough-street the same afternoon; I saw her there, and was then quite satisfied that she was the person.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-85" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-85" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES DAY</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Scripps and Day, stationeries, 13, South Moulton-street—on 1st August I served the last witness with six
<lb/>pennyworth of postage-stamps—she gave me a half-crown; I gave her 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. change, and she left—I then tried the half-crown, and while doing so the constable King came in and asked to look at it—we found it was bad—I kept it in my pocket in a piece of paper, and afterwards gave it to the constable—I went out into the street, and saw the prisoners in custody—I saw the woman throw away a half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-86" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-86" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HOWARD</persName> </hi>. On Saturday, 1st August, I saw a crowd coming up Brook-street, and the two prisoners in custody—I followed them to Argyle
<lb/>place, out of Regent-street—there was a Hansom cab standing there; the male prisoner was next to the cab as they passed by, and in crossing over Regent-street I saw him put his right hand in his right-hand trowsers pocket and throw a packet into the cab—I jumped in after it and picked it up, and a half-crown fell out—I gave the packet and the half-crown to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Long. Q.</hi> Did you see a packet in my hand when I crossed Regent-street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; after you put your hand in your pocket I saw a paper—you were holding your hand half closed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-87" type="surname" value="PORTCH"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-87" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PORTCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, A</hi> 317). The female prisoner was given into my custody by King—as I took her, something dropped from under her cloak—King said, "Look out for that half-crown!"—I stooped down and picked up a bad half-crown—I found a halfpenny in her right hand—on the way to the station she said this was a mistake, she did not know what it meant—I saw the lad Howard in Argyle-place—he said, "That man has thrown this packet into the Hansom cab, and I jumped in after it and took it out"—he gave me the packet, with a loose half-crown—I gave them to King.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-88" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These half-crowns are all bad—two of 1834, found in the packet, are from the same mould as the one uttered, and four others from the same mould as the one found loose in the cab.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Long's Defence.</hi> On the morning of 1st August I was standing in South Moulton-street, and the policeman took me into custody. I was never in any woman's company that day, and never had a bad coin in my posession. I know nothing about the bad money, or about this woman.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONG</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-981-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-981-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-981-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-981-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-981-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-981-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-981-18630817 t18630817-981-punishment-14"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-981-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-981-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-981-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury, believing she was acting under the influence of the man.—
<rs id="t18630817-981-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-981-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-981-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-981-18630817 t18630817-981-punishment-15"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18630817-982" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-982" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-982-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-982-18630817 t18630817-982-offence-1 t18630817-982-verdict-1"/>
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<persName id="def1-982-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-982-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-982-18630817" type="age" value="32"/>
<interp inst="def1-982-18630817" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="def1-982-18630817" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ANDREWS</hi> (32)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-982-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-982-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-982-18630817" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-982-18630817" type="surname" value="DONOVAN"/>
<interp inst="def2-982-18630817" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES DONOVAN</hi> (27)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-982-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-982-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-982-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi> to
<rs id="t18630817-982-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-982-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-982-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-982-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-982-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-982-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-982-18630817 t18630817-982-punishment-16"/>Confined Twelve Months each</rs>.</hi> And</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-983">
<interp inst="t18630817-983" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-983" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-983-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-983-18630817 t18630817-983-offence-1 t18630817-983-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-983-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-983-18630817" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-983-18630817" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-983-18630817" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-983-18630817" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCES WESTON</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-983-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-983-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-983-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, to a like offence.—</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-983-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-983-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-983-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-983-18630817 t18630817-983-punishment-17"/>Confined Nine Months.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-983-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-983-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-983-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1863.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-984">
<interp inst="t18630817-984" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-984" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-984-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-984-18630817 t18630817-984-offence-1 t18630817-984-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-984-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-984-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-984-18630817" type="age" value="52"/>
<interp inst="def1-984-18630817" type="surname" value="IRELAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-984-18630817" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES IRELAND</hi> (52)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18630817-984-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-984-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-984-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>for stealing 11b. of lemon
<lb/>peel and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-93" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-984-offence-1 t18630817-name-93"/>William Hill</persName> and another, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-94" type="surname" value="SMART"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-94" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SMART</persName> </hi>. From instructions I received, I went with another officer to watch the premises of Mr. Hill, a confectioner, of Bishopsgate-street Within—about half-past 4 o'clock on Monday, 10th August, I saw the prisoner leave the premises—we followed him into Wormwood-street—on coming up to him I told him I was an officer, and asked what he had about him; that he was suspected of having something about him which belonged to his master—he said, "Who instructed you to watch me? I have only a few eggs; it is a very bad job for me; cannot the matter be compromised?"—I said, "Not under any circumstances; I must take you to the station and search you"—I searched him at the station, and found in his hat this cake, which just fitted the hat, and 6 small cakes, and 10 eggs in his pockets—I afterwards searched his lodging, and there found some lemon-peel and some cakes, a quantity of butter rolled up in paper, and some loaf sugar, and about 1 1/2 lbs. currants; they are such things as confectioners use.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-95" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HILL</persName> </hi>. The prisoner was in my employ as a biscuit-baker, and had been so for about five or six years—the articles produced are such as I use—I believe these cakes to be mine—this cake was quite hot, just from the oven, when I saw it at the office—I keep peel such as this.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you not have a good character with me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> The lemon-peel and currants were not found in my possession; they do not belong to Mr. Hill. The cake was put into my hat; I never stole it. It is a trap laid for me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-984-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-984-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-984-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy.—
<rs id="t18630817-984-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-984-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-984-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-984-18630817 t18630817-984-punishment-18"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-985">
<interp inst="t18630817-985" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-985" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-985-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-985-18630817 t18630817-985-offence-1 t18630817-985-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-985-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-985-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-985-18630817" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-985-18630817" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-985-18630817" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS THOMAS</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-985-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-985-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-985-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing an umbrella, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-97" type="surname" value="CLAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-97" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-985-offence-1 t18630817-name-97"/>Thomas Clayton</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-98" type="surname" value="CLAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-98" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CLAYTON</persName> </hi>. I am head-waiter at the George Hotel, Aldermanbury—on 24th July I saw the prisoner there—he called for a glass of ale, and sat near the fire-place—after I left the room he got up and moved nearer the door, and I watched him through the glass—some time after he called for a sheet of note-paper, and wrote a letter—after that he went to the corner and took an umbrella—it is a place partitioned off, where the plate is generally kept, and where no one has any business to go—the visitors' umbrellas are not kept there; they are kept in an umbrella-stand outside—I saw the prisoner leave with his own umbrella in his possession, and one belonging to me—I caught him in Three Nuns-court, leading into Basing
<lb/>hall-street—I said, "I must take you back for taking an umbrella belonging to me"—he said, "Oh, don't take me back, I will give you half a sovereign and both the umbrellas—I took him back to the hotel and sent out for a policeman—these are the umbrellas.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170015"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is yours a cotton umbrella?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, silk—I have charge of the plate—I did not miss any that day; I had missed 8 forks the day before—I was standing on the stairs when I saw him go behind the corner; he could not see me—there were persons passing in and out—he was about 100 yards from the hotel when I overtook him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had he been there the day before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had not seen him—it was a fine day when I lost the umbrella—he did not leave any um
<lb/>brella behind—I had seen him there two or three times before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-99" type="surname" value="SHAW"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SHAW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-police-sergeant</hi>, 40). The prisoner was given into my custody—I told him he must come to the station—he took out his purse and said he would give me a sovereign if I would allow him to go—he begged very hard, and addressing the prosecutor, said he would give him both the umbrellas and a sovereign to let him go.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you search him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I found on him 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money, a knife, some keys, and 17 postage-stamps—he gave his address, Church-street, Brighton—the sergeant asked him who kept the house there, and he said he did not know, or the number—he was asked if he would give any reference in London where he was living, and he would not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-985-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-985-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-985-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-985-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-985-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-985-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-985-18630817 t18630817-985-punishment-19"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-986">
<interp inst="t18630817-986" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-986" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-986-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-986-18630817 t18630817-986-offence-1 t18630817-986-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-986-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-986-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-986-18630817" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-986-18630817" type="surname" value="FENNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-986-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FENNING</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-986-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-986-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-986-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 18 glass lustres, and 7 vases, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-101" type="surname" value="KRAUSSE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-101" type="given" value="SIEGISMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-986-offence-1 t18630817-name-101"/>Siegismund Krausse</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-102" type="surname" value="KRAUSSE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-102" type="given" value="SIEGISMUND"/>SIEGISMUND KRAUSSE</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at 68, Basinghall-street, and am a merchant and dealer in Indian and glass goods—about 12 o'clock on 18th July, the prisoner came to my warehouse, and told me he dealt in glass things, and sold them to pawnbrokers, hawkers, and others—I asked him to give references—he declined to do that, but said he would pay cash for what he had—he selected goods to the amount of about 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he was to have 2 1/2 per cent. discount on paying cash—he said he was going to a Mr. Staggerwald, in Newgate-street, for something I had not in stock, and asked me to get the goods ready, and he would come back—when he came back he asked me to send the porter with the goods to him to 28, New North-road, and I told him to pay the porter 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on delivery of the goods; and I told the porter, in the prisoner's presence, to let him have the goods against the 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it happened that I had no receipt-stamp in the house, and I asked him if he could give the porter one—he said he would—he then left with the porter—the porter afterwards brought back some part of the goods but no money—I have seen the goods since; the police have them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. F. H. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You wished him to have the goods on credit?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He said he should prefer to pay cash this time—he told me the names of two or three people he had dealt with—my clerk made out an invoice—I saw the goods packed—I did not see whether the invoice was enclosed; that is not the habit—it was at the prisoner's request that I sent the porter—I expected to receive the money on delivery of the goods—I told my porter to deliver the goods against the payment of the 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he acts simply as porter; he has no authority to receive money unless I give him authority—he had no authority to part with the goods without receiving the money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-103" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-103" type="given" value="MELVILLE"/>MELVILLE CURTIS</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. Krausse—I remember the prisoner coming to the warehouse on 18th July—Mr. Krausse went away to his dinner, and the prisoner told me that he had four places of business, at Upper Holloway, Rosamond-street, New North-road, and Brighton, and he said part</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170016"/>
<p>of the goods were going to Brighton—he told me his name was George Viney, and his address 28, New North-road.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you make out the invoice?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I believe I delivered it to the prisoner—it is our custom to deliver the invoice before we deliver the goods—if the goods are not sold the customer may some
<lb/>times take the invoice away, and not the goods, not as a rule.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-104" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-104" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. I am porter to Mr. Krausse—on 18th July he sent me with two hampers of goods on a truck, with the prisoner—I was directed to go to the New North-road with the prisoner, and he would pay me some money for the goods in the truck—I stopped about six doors off my employer's place, and told the prisoner I should go the nearest way to the New North-road—he said I was to go to Goswell-street with him to call at two places—I asked him whether Mr. Krausse had given his consent, and he said yes, he had—I then went with him as far as Barbican, and he then left me, and said he would meet me on the road—he stopped me at Mr. Britton's the auctioneer's, in Goswell-street—he said he was going to take some goods out there to put into a sale—he took a part of them out—I said, "If you break the goods you must be answerable for them"—I meant if he damaged them—he then said he should not call at Mr. Johnson's that day, but he would take me down to the New North-road, where I fully expected he was going to pay me for the goods—we then went to Wharf-road, City-road—he stopped me opposite the Wharf-road, and took a pair of vases out, saying he was going to show them to a customer, and he would return in five minutes, or shortly—he returned in five minutes, or it might be less, without the vases—he took me down Murray-street, Hoxton. and asked me if I could drink half a pint of beer—I said, "Yes, I could," and he took me to a public-house about ten doors from the place where we ought to have taken the goods to—we went into the public-house, and he asked me if I could drink a pint, and I said, "Yes"—he took a glass him
<lb/>self, and then asked the landlord if he had got a back entrance to the house—he went out the back way, and I did not see him again till he was in cus
<lb/>tody—I waited twenty-five minutes altogether.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Why did you deliver the goods at Mr. Britton's?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He having the appearance of a business man, and believing what he said, I thought it might be right—I have never been tricked before by such a man—my master told me I was to get the money from the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-105" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-105" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HANSON</persName> </hi>. I produce two pairs of lustres, pawned by the prisoner on 18th July, about half-past 6 in the evening, in the name of John Smith, 92, Murray-street—on the same evening I received a communication from the police, and in consequence of that, when the prisoner came again on 20th July, I stopped him and sent for a policeman—he then produced a pair of these vases to pledge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-106" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-106" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER JOHNSON</persName> </hi>. I produce two pairs of lustres, pawned at our shop on 18th July, about 7 in the evening, by the prisoner, in the name of George Smith; at the same time he took out two small parcels which he had pledged in the week—I gave up the other things at Guildhall.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-107" type="surname" value="FINNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY FINNEY</persName> </hi>. I am a pawnbroker in Shepherdess-walk, City-road—on 18th July the prisoner came to our shop about four o'clock in the afternoon, I think, and sold us this pair of vases (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—we gave him 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-108" type="surname" value="HASLOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-108" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HASLOTT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Wood, of 1, Ashby-street, St. John-street-road—I produce three vases pawned at our shop by the prisoner on 25th July.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-109" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-109" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>STEPHEN WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Roberts, of 13, Old-street-road—I produce two pairs of lustres pawned at our shop at about 5 o'clock on 18th July by the prisoner for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the others are at the shop—they have been identified.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-986-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-986-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-986-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-986-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-986-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-986-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-986-18630817 t18630817-986-punishment-20"/>Confined Two Years</rs>. There was another indictment against the prisoner.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-987">
<interp inst="t18630817-987" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-987" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-987-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-987-18630817 t18630817-987-offence-1 t18630817-987-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-987-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-987-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-987-18630817" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-987-18630817" type="surname" value="LANDAU"/>
<interp inst="def1-987-18630817" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY LANDAU</hi> (31)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-987-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-987-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-987-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in money, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-111" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-111" type="surname" value="CLUTTERBUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-111" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-987-offence-1 t18630817-name-111"/>Richard Clutterbuck</persName>, in his dwelling-house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLLINS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-112" type="surname" value="CLUTTERBUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-112" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD CLUTTERBUCK</persName> </hi>. I am a greengrocer at 5, Skinner-place, Leaden
<lb/>hall-market—on 28th July I employed the prisoner to mend some windows in my bed-room on the second floor—I had a chest of drawers in that room, and in one of the drawers, which was locked, was a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—the key, which fits all the drawers, was in the lock of the bottom one—I have seen the note here; it is the same I lost; it has the name of Mrs. Tindall upon it, the lady who paid it to me—my little boy was sent up with the prisoner, and afterwards left the room—I saw the prisoner at the window, and afterwards when he came down—my wife came and asked me if I had taken the note out of the drawer—I said "No"—the prisoner must have heard that—she said it was gone—I said I would go and look myself—I went up, and it was missing, and I came down and told the prisoner that a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note had been lost which was there when he went into the room—he said he knew nothing of it, he had not got it—I had only received the note the day before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you put the note into the drawer?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did, myself—the drawers stood opposite the window—the room is not very large.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-113" type="surname" value="CLUTTERBUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-113" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET CLUTTERBUCK</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's wife—on 28th July I told my little boy to go up and show the prisoner where to put the glass in, and I would be there in a few minutes—he afterwards came across to the shop—previous to that I had missed the prisoner from the window some few minutes—I could see the window from the shop, and thought it was very strange he should be so long from the window; I was just going across as he and my little boy came out—the prisoner said, "Will you pay me?"—I said, "No, not till I have been upstairs"—he trembled and changed coun
<lb/>tenance when I said that, and I said "I shall not be many minutes"—I found all the drawers had been opened, and the things left out of the drawers—the top drawer, where the money was, was locked and the key put back again in the bottom drawer—the key had not been out of my pocket ten minutes previous to his going up into the room—when I came down the prisoner said again, "Will you pay me?"—I said, "No, I must go across to the shop"—I went and told my husband that the note was missing, and he went to look for it and told me to keep my eye on the prisoner—I looked in the house and did not see him there, and then I saw him come up a pas
<lb/>sage—when my husband came down the prisoner said, "You can search me, and have a policeman; I have not got it; I have not been anywhere"—I said, "Yes, you have, you have been up the passage"—the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note was found by a lad from the next shop, who was sweeping up some pieces of paper, just where the prisoner was standing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What was this 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi>: In an envelope with a 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. cheque and a letter—they were not taken—I examined them all when I went to the drawers, before the prisoner came, and then locked the drawers and left the room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-987-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-987-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-987-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-987-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-987-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-987-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-987-18630817 t18630817-987-punishment-21"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-988">
<interp inst="t18630817-988" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-988" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-988-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-988-18630817 t18630817-988-offence-1 t18630817-988-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170018"/>
<persName id="def1-988-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-988-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-988-18630817" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-988-18630817" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-988-18630817" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BARRETT</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-988-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-988-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-988-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18630817-name-115" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-115" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-115" type="given" value="THOMAS STUDLEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-988-offence-1 t18630817-name-115"/>Thomas Studley Lewis</persName>, and stealing a violin and bow, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>MR. W. J.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABRAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-116" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-116" type="given" value="THOMAS STUDLEY"/>THOMAS STUDLEY LEWIS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk, residing at 5, Grantham-road, Bethnal-green—on the night of 8th August I went to bed at a quarter past 12—I saw the house fastened up—I awoke about 5 o'clock and heard a noise below—I listened, and heard footsteps moving about—I looked out of my bed-room window, and saw a man leaving the door-step with a violin, trying to conceal it under his coat—I immediately went below to see if my violin was where I had seen it, and it was gone, and the parlour window was open—I rushed upstairs again and partly dressed myself and pursued the pri
<lb/>soner—I overtook him in company with another man—I lost sight of him for a few minutes—I am sure he is the man I had seen leave the door-step—the other man had the violin when I overtook them, and he threw it down and escaped—I secured the prisoner, and told him he had broken into my place and stolen my violin—he said he knew nothing at all about it, the other man had done it—we had a desperate struggle; he put his hand to my throat and forced me over a rail, but, with the assistance of a civilian, I detained him and gave him into custody—the parlour window had been closed the night before; I cannot say whether it was fastened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-117" type="surname" value="MAHEER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-117" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD MAHEER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 418). I took the prisoner into custody—I received the violin from the prosecutor—the prisoner denied taking it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I throw myself on the mercy of the Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-988-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-988-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-988-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-988-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-988-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-988-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-988-18630817 t18630817-988-punishment-22"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-989">
<interp inst="t18630817-989" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-989-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-989-18630817 t18630817-989-offence-1 t18630817-989-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-989-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-989-18630817 t18630817-989-offence-1 t18630817-989-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-989-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-989-18630817 t18630817-989-offence-1 t18630817-989-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-989-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-989-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-989-18630817" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-989-18630817" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="def1-989-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STONE</hi> (22)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-989-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-989-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-989-18630817" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-989-18630817" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="def2-989-18630817" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED STONE</hi> (19)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-989-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-989-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-989-18630817" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def3-989-18630817" type="surname" value="CONNELL"/>
<interp inst="def3-989-18630817" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CONNELL</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-989-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 180 books, value 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-121" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-121" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-121" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHNSON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-989-offence-1 t18630817-name-121"/>Thomas Johnson Young</persName> and others.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED STONE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-989-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>**.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-989-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-989-18630817 t18630817-989-punishment-23"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CONNELL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-989-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-989-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-989-18630817 t18630817-989-punishment-24"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-122" type="surname" value="WENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-122" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WENHAM</persName> </hi>. I am packer to Messrs. Lewis Raathman and others, booksellers, 18, Gutter-lane—on Wednesday, 5th August, between 2 and 4, a wooden case containing albums was standing in the passage leading to our warehouse—it had been placed there for the carrier—about 4 o'clock I missed it—these pieces of wood (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) formed part of the lid of that case—there is a mark on it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-123" type="surname" value="CROCKETT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CROCKETT</persName> </hi>. I am a porter in Old-street—on 5th August, about the middle of the day, the three prisoners came up to me and asked if I would do a job—I said yes—I went with them down Golden-lane—they got a barrow, which I wheeled to a doorway in Gutter-lane one of them stood on the other side of the lane, and the other two went inside—I can't say which they were—they brought out a chest and put it on the barrow, and told me to go away with it—they went with me—I took it to a coffee-shop in Hoxton—they gave me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for my job—I can't say which gave it to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-124" type="surname" value="HANCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-124" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD HANCOCK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-Policeman, G</hi> 2). On 6th August, about 5 o'clock, I went to a coffee-shop kept by a man named Thier, and in a wash-house there I found these parts of a packing-case chopped up very small—about 1 o'clock next morning I went, with two other officers, to a house in Noble-street, Goswell-road, and there found the three prisoners in one room—I told them I wanted them for stealing a case of albums out of the city—they all said they knew nothing at all about it—they were taken to the station—on the way to the Mansion House next morning Connell and William</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170019"/>
<p>Stone both said they wished to make a statement to the Lord Mayor, I said they could say what they liked—they said they wanted to write it, and asked me to give them paper and pencil—I gave it to William Stone, and he wrote this paper. (
<hi rend="italic">This was a statement by Alfred Stone and George Connell who stated that they pleaded guilty to the charge, and that they sold the things to a man in Old-street for</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">and gave the coffee-house keeper</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">for minding them</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-125" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-125" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHNSON"/>THOMAS JOHNSON YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am manager and partner to Messrs. Rauth
<lb/>man & Co.—I know this case—it contained albums to the value of about 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I checked the goods and saw the box when it was packed—it was put in the passage and left for the carrier—the wood produced forme part of the lid of that box.</p>
<hi rend="italic">William Stone's Defence.</hi> I met my brother and went with him, but I had nothing to do with stealing the things.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM STONE</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-989-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-989-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-989-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-989-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-989-18630817 t18630817-989-punishment-25"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-990">
<interp inst="t18630817-990" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-990" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-990-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-990-18630817 t18630817-990-offence-1 t18630817-990-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-990-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-990-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-990-18630817" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-990-18630817" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="def1-990-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WEST</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-990-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-990-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-990-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a watch, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-127" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-127" type="surname" value="DAVISON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-127" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-990-offence-1 t18630817-name-127"/>Henry Davison</persName>, from his person</rs>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. W. J. ABRAM</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-128" type="surname" value="DAVISON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-128" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY DAVISON</persName> </hi>. I am a merchant, of 8, Lime-street-square—on 10th August I was at the Black wall railway-station, about ten minutes past 4—I was going by the express train to Hampstead—there was a considerable crowd there—I felt a pressure against me as I was going towards the carriages—several persons turned back as if they were going the same way—the prisoner is the person who pressed against me—at the same moment I heard a click, looked down, and saw the prisoner with his fingers holding the bow of my watch—I called out to him, "You have stolen my watch"—I directly seized hold of him—he said, "You are mistaken, it is not me," but I never let go of him until I gave him in charge—he struggled at first—my watch is worth 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I saw the policeman pick it up about three yards from the place where I first took the prisoner—this is it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SMITH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did this robbery take place downstairs where the tickets are taken?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, on the platform—I had got my ticket—this occurred at a very narrow part of the platform—it was very crowded that day—I believe there was a fair or something going on down the line but it is always too much crowded; the place is not above three feet wide there; we have made frequent complaints to the directors about it—the lines of rail are on one side, and a wall on the other—the people were all crowding together to get into the carriages—the prisoner was in front of me—I was not pressing against him, but he against me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-129" type="surname" value="DOUGHTY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-129" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL DOUGHTY</persName> </hi>. I am a porter at the station in Fenchurch-street—on the afternoon of 10th August I saw the prisoner there—I saw him drop something on the step of a carriage—I afterwards saw the policeman pick it up, and it turned out to be this watch.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was he getting into the carriage?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, he was on the platform close by it—I was behind him—there was a crowd—I had fetched the policeman—it is my business to open and shut the carriages—there was something going on at Hackney Wick that afternoon, a wrestle or something of that sort, and there were a few extra persons there on that account.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-130" type="surname" value="ELWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-130" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ELWOOD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 519). I was called by Doughty, and found the prisoner in custody of the platform inspector—I took hold of him, and on turning round I saw the watch lying on the step of a carriage—I picked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170020"/>
<p>it up—the prisoner had a railway ticket on him for Hackney Wick—he was asked his address at the station, and stated that he was a "professional," and had no fixed residence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-990-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-990-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-990-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-990-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-990-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-990-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-990-18630817 t18630817-990-punishment-26"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-991">
<interp inst="t18630817-991" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-991" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-991-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-991-18630817 t18630817-991-offence-1 t18630817-991-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-991-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-991-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-991-18630817" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-991-18630817" type="surname" value="LEVETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-991-18630817" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN LEVETT</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-991-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-991-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-991-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 1 barrow, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-132" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-132" type="surname" value="NEAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-132" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-991-offence-1 t18630817-name-132"/>George Neave</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-133" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-133" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SIMMONS</persName> </hi>. I live at John-street, Cambridge-heath-road, and am porter to Mr. George Neave, of 97, Leadenhall-street—about 8 o'clock on Wednesday, 29th July, there were two trucks outside our door—I saw the prisoner looking at them, and about half an hour after one of them was gone—I saw the prisoner again on the Friday following, in Smithfield-market, with the wheels, springs, and axletrees, of the truck that we lost—there were six new spikes, and peculiar marks by which I knew them—I fetched a police
<lb/>man and gave him into custody—he said he bought them of a man in Shore
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> He never saw me near the place—I don't know where it is.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I am quite sure he is the man—I recognised him again when I saw him at Smithfield—I saw the wheels were ours before I recognised the man; but I recognised him too.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-134" type="surname" value="BROOM"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-134" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BROOM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 322). The last witness gave the prisoner into my custody for stealing the axle, springs, and wheels—he said he bought them in Shoreditch, and gave a sovereign for them—he gave me his address, 6 or 7 Houndsdith—he did not reside there—I went to the house and en
<lb/>quired—he said it was a coffee-shop, and it was not—there is one on the other side of the road a high number.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-135" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-135" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HOPKINS</persName> </hi>. I am in the prosecutor's employment—I can identify these wheels and axles as having formed part of my master's truck.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you ever see me near your premises?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I was inside.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I bought these springs on the Thursday morning in Shoreditch, and took them to Smithfield to sell them on the Friday. I was out of work, and had no regular home. I am innocent of stealing them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-991-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-991-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-991-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-992">
<interp inst="t18630817-992" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-992" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-992-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-992-18630817 t18630817-992-offence-1 t18630817-992-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-992-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-992-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-992-18630817" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-992-18630817" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-992-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JONES</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-992-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-992-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-992-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing a handkerchief, the property of
<persName id="t18630817-name-137" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-137" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-992-offence-1 t18630817-name-137"/>William Rose</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-138" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROSE</persName> </hi>. I am a dockowner and shipwright, at Wapping—on 22d July, I was in Fenchurch-street, and felt a pull at my coat pocket—I turned round and saw the prisoner with my handkerchief in his hand, and his hand just leaving my pocket—I caught hold of him, and he offered it to me, and pleaded to be let go—this is my handkerchief (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it happens to be worth very little—I gave the prisoner into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence</hi> I was going along Fenchurch-street, and saw the gentleman with another. His handkerchief was hanging out, and I touched him on the shoulder, and took his handkerchief and gave it to him. He caught hold of me, and gave me into custody. It was not worth anything to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-139" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROSE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). He did not touch me on the shoulder.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-992-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-992-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-992-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-992-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-992-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-992-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-992-18630817 t18630817-992-punishment-27"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18630817-993" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
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<persName id="def1-993-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-993-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-993-18630817" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-993-18630817" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-993-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SMITH</hi> (24)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-993-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-993-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-993-18630817" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-993-18630817" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="def2-993-18630817" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CAREY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-993-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-993-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-993-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burgla
<lb/>riously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18630817-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-142" type="surname" value="FLATLOW"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-993-offence-1 t18630817-name-142"/>William Flatow</persName>, and stealing 1 timepiece, his property.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170021"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-143" type="surname" value="FLATOW"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-143" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FLATOW</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Clarendon-villas, Stoke Newington—about a quarter to 6 on the morning of 1st August, I was called up by the police, came downstairs, and found the front-door open, and the police in the hall—they called out, "You have thieves in the house"—I found the drawing-room clock, which was on the mantel-piece the night previous, on the hall table—the doors were safe when I went to bed about 11 o'clock—the servant forgot to shut the shutters, and they came in through the window—the window was closed but not fastened.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-144" type="surname" value="FOXWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-144" type="given" value="ROGER"/>ROGER FOXWORTHY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 539). About a quarter after 5 on the morning of 1st August, I was on duty in Mildmay-park—I passed 4, Clarendon-villas, and saw the two prisoners coming out of the door—Smith had got something under his arm—I could not see what it was—I followed them, and as soon as they saw I was coming after them, they began to run—I pursued them, and caught Carey by a large stone near the flue of a greenhouse—I told him I should take him to the station, for being in a house in Mildmay-park—I saw the prisoner's faces as they came out of the house—I only lost sight of Carey for about a minute, when I was talking to a sergeant I met in my pursuit—I saw Smith throw an empty bag over a wall at the back of an empty house—I picked it up—I pointed the prisoners out to the sergeant as having been into the house, and said I wanted them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-145" type="surname" value="BUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-145" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BUSH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, N</hi> 18). On the morning of 1st August, the last witness spoke to me and pointed out the two prisoners—I pursued Smith, and caught him on Hackney Downs—I saw him throw away this chisel (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I found no marks of, the chisel at the prosecutor's house, only of Carey's cord trousers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Smith. Q.</hi> When you took me I asked you, did I not, what you wanted me for?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and I said I could not tell you—the other constable told me you had left a house in Mildmay-park.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Smith's Defence.</hi> I went out on this morning to cut turf on Hackney
<lb/>downs, for my birds. I knew it was wrong to do so; I had been told about it before. While there a bricklayer came up and said, "Here is the constable coming after you." I thought it was for cutting the turf and ran away into this man's arms.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Carey's Defence.</hi> I went to sleep on Hackney-downs on this night. When I woke I was very wet, and went and laid under a stone. The constable came up and said he would knock my brains out for making him run so far. I said, "What do you want me for?" He said, "For breaking into some house. I said, "I know nothing about it."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-993-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-993-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-993-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Smith was further charged with having been before convicted of felony, on</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th March</hi>, 1862,
<hi rend="italic">at Worship-street, to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-993-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-993-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-993-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-993-18630817 t18630817-993-punishment-28"/>Confined Eighteen Months.</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAREY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-993-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-993-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-993-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-993-18630817 t18630817-993-punishment-29"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">The following prisoners</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—</p>
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<persName id="def1-994-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-994-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-994-18630817" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-994-18630817" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="def1-994-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILLIAM LLOYD</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-994-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-994-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-994-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to stealing, whilst employed in the Post-office, a post-letter containing postage stamps, the property of her Majesty's Postmaster-General.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-994-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-994-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-994-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-994-18630817 t18630817-994-punishment-30"/>Four Fears' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-994-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-994-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-994-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18630817-995" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-995-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-995-18630817 t18630817-995-offence-1 t18630817-995-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-995-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-995-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-995-18630817" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-995-18630817" type="surname" value="AUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-995-18630817" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN AUSTIN</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-995-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-995-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-995-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, to a like offence.†—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-995-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-995-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-995-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-995-18630817 t18630817-995-punishment-31"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-995-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-995-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-995-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18630817-996" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-996-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-996-18630817 t18630817-996-offence-1 t18630817-996-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-996-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-996-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-996-18630817" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-996-18630817" type="surname" value="MUDD"/>
<interp inst="def1-996-18630817" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY MUDD</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-996-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-996-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-996-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to forging and uttering an order for the delivery of goods, after a previous conviction.—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-996-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-996-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-996-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-996-18630817 t18630817-996-punishment-32"/>Confined Eighteen Months.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-996-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-996-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-996-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18630817-997" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-997" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-997-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-997-18630817 t18630817-997-offence-1 t18630817-997-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-997-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-997-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-997-18630817" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-997-18630817" type="surname" value="ROLLASON"/>
<interp inst="def1-997-18630817" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ROLLASON</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-997-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-997-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-997-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, to two indictments for forging and uttering orders for the delivery of goods.**—</rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-997-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-997-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-997-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-997-18630817 t18630817-997-punishment-33"/>Confined Eighteen Months.</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-997-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-997-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-997-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>[Pleaded guilty: See original trial image.]</rs> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170022"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, August</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1863.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-998-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-998-18630817 t18630817-998-offence-1 t18630817-998-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-998-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-998-18630817" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-998-18630817" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-998-18630817" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-998-18630817" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH RUSSELL</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-998-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-998-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-998-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-151" type="surname" value="ROW"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-151" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH ROW</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Cardinal Wolsey Inn at Hamp
<lb/>ton, and has a refreshment-house adjoining—on 3d August, the prisoner came and asked for a pint of beer; it came to 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a florin—I told her it was bad; she returned it to her purse, and gave me a good half-crown, saying that she knew where she got it, and would take it back—I asked my husband to follow her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-152" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-152" type="surname" value="REGAN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-152" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN REGAN</persName> </hi>. I live with Mr. and Mrs. Row, and conduct the dining and tea-rooms next door—on 3d August, 5 or 6 in the evening, the prisoner came and asked for some tea, which came to 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a florin, and I gave her 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Mrs. Row had told me something, and I gave the florin to her, and then came back, and told the prisoner it was bad—she said, "I have taken it at the tap."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you said that it was bad, did she take another florin out of the same purse?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, that was a good one—a constable came and took her—this is a place where vans with holiday people came, and we require payment beforehand on Mondays because we are so busy—the prisoner paid beforehand.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-153" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WILSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I was on duty at Hampton on 3d August—I went to Cardinal Wolsey about 6 o'clock, and asked the prisoner to give me the the counterfeit coin she had—she put her hand in her bosom, took out a purse, opened it, and gave me this florin—I took her to Mr. Roe, and then to a witness named Nash, who said, "That is the woman who gave me a bad florin for a bunch of flowers, and I gave her three sixpences out"—she said that she never saw the man before, and never had any flowers of him—Nash gave her in custody—she said going to the station, "I gave Mr. Roe a bad florin in exchange for a pint of beer—I took it on the road—I went and got some tea, took it out in mistake, and gave it to the waitress; I intended to give her the good one"—she had on her 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money—I got this florin from the prisoner, and this other from Nash (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you take her to the canteen in the barrack-yard?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did on the 10th, the day I took her before the Magistrate—I showed her there to ascertain whether she passed any money there—I have not said that I would get her convicted, or that I would do what I could for her, or that I would not leave a stone unturned; nothing of the kind.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOKE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was she known to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I never saw her before—she was remanded from the 3d to the 10th, and kept in the House of Detention, Clerkenwell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-154" type="surname" value="MCGILL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-154" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MCGILL</persName> </hi>. On the evening of 3d August, I was selling fruit near the Cardinal Wolsey—Mr. Nash brought me a florin, and I gave him four sixpences for it—I found it was bad, took it back to Nash, and got my money returned to me—this the florin; here is where I bent it—I saw the constable at the Cardinal Wolsey with the prisoner in his charge—the policeman asked me where the man was who gave me the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, and Nash said, "That is the man"—I did not hear the prisoner make any answer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-155" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-155" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad, and out of one mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-998-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-998-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-998-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-999">
<interp inst="t18630817-999" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-999" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-999-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-999-18630817 t18630817-999-offence-1 t18630817-999-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170023"/>
<persName id="def1-999-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-999-18630817" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-999-18630817" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-999-18630817" type="surname" value="DANIELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-999-18630817" type="given" value="HARRIETT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HARRIETT DANIELL</hi> (22)</persName>,
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-999-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-999-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-999-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<rs id="t18630817-999-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-999-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-999-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>to a libel</rs>. Mr.
<hi rend="italic">Poland for the prisoner stated that she was affected with monomania, and had twice attempted to destroy herself but that her friends would undertake to take charge of her.
<rs id="t18630817-999-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-999-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-999-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-999-18630817 t18630817-999-punishment-34"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>, and
<rs id="t18630817-999-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-999-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-999-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-999-18630817 t18630817-999-punishment-35"/>to enter into recognisances</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-1000">
<interp inst="t18630817-1000" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1000" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-1000-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1000-18630817 t18630817-1000-offence-1 t18630817-1000-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-1000-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-1000-18630817 t18630817-1000-offence-1 t18630817-1000-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-1000-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1000-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1000-18630817" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-1000-18630817" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-1000-18630817" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILLIAMS</hi> (45)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-1000-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-1000-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-1000-18630817" type="age" value="61"/>
<interp inst="def2-1000-18630817" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-1000-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMPSON</hi> (61)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-1000-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1000-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1000-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-159" type="surname" value="PADBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-159" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD PADBURY</persName> </hi>. I keep a beer-shop in Old Brentford—on Saturday, 1st August, at a little after 6 in the evening, I was in Windmill-lane, about half a mile from my house, and saw the prisoners walking along together—I was at my beer-shop between 8 and 9 o'clock, and Williams came in for a pint of ale—my wife served him—he put half-a-crown on the table, and my wife said, "That is not worth 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and I want 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for my ale"—I took it up, and bent it; it was bad—I asked him if he had any more of them—he said "No," and he did not know it was bad—he put down a good one, and my wife gave him change—I went to the station, and brought back a con
<lb/>stable in a quarter of an hour; Williams was then coming out, and Thomp
<lb/>son was eight or nine yards behind him—I had not seen Thompson in my house when I left—I gave Williams in custody, and followed Thompson, who walked away as fast as he could—I followed him to Kew-bridge, put my hand on his shoulder, and said, "I want you to stop a few minutes till a policeman comes; I suspect you of being concerned with another person in having some bad money"—he said, "You let me go; what business have you to stop me?" and set to kicking me—he said that he had no bad money—I said, "Stop till a policeman comes; there is one close behind—I did not touch him till I saw a policeman—I gave him in custody—he kicked at me two or three times, and kicked me once on the thigh—I gave the half-crown to the policeman at the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">for Williams</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you see other working men about at 6 o'clock?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Several, apparently having left off work—I was present when Williams gave the half-crown—he threw it down on the table—it did not sound—he put it down softly—I said before the Magistrate that he put it down in a careless sort of way.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Thompson.</hi> I deny being with Williams at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-160" type="surname" value="PADBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-160" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA PADBURY</persName> </hi>. I was at the beer-shop, between 8 and 9 o'clock, when Williams came in, and served him with a pint of ale—he put a half-crown on the table, and I threw it back to him—I said, "It is not worth 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and a pint of ale is 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—my husband took it—the prisoner gave me a good half-crown—I gave him change, and my husband went for a policeman—while he was gone Thompson came for half a pint of beer—he drank it and went out, and Williams followed him—Thompson had two half-crowns and some halfpence in his hand.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I suppose the sound of the half-crown told you it was bad?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; the colour of it—there was no sound to it—I was in court while my husband was examined—the prisoner put it down quietly, not carelessly—I did not hear it ring.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Thompson. Q.</hi> How long had Williams been in the house when I came in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Ten minutes—I did not see you speak to him—you paid me with, two halfpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-161" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-161" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SMITH</persName> </hi>. I took Williams—he was searched, and a florin, two shillings, and 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., in copper, found on him—Thompson was afterwards brought to the station, and while the charge was being taken, I saw some
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170024"/>
<p>between Thompson's thumb and finger—I saw him more his left hand, and saw this piece of rag drop from it—I picked it up—it contained this counterfeit florin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I also produce the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-162" type="surname" value="YEATMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-162" type="given" value="ALBERT"/>ALBERT YEATMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I took Thompson, and found on him two good half-crowns—while the charge was being taken, I saw a piece of rag between his fingers—I heard it drop, and picked it up—it contained a five shilling-piece—I found no halfpence on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-163" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Thompson's Defence.</hi> I never saw the man in my life, to my knowledge, till I was at the station; there were thirty or forty men together when we were going down the lane.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-1000-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1000-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1000-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-1000-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1000-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1000-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1000-18630817 t18630817-1000-punishment-36"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-1000-18630817 t18630817-1000-punishment-36"/>Confined Twelve Months each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-1001">
<interp inst="t18630817-1001" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1001" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-1001-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1001-18630817 t18630817-1001-offence-1 t18630817-1001-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-1001-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1001-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1001-18630817" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-1001-18630817" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="def1-1001-18630817" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MASON</hi> (47)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18630817-1001-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1001-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1001-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-165" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-165" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I live at 17, Middle Coram-street, St. George's—on a Friday, towards the end of June, I was at the Little Wonder beer-shop in Osborne-street kept by Mrs. Philcox, who left me to mind the bar while she went upstairs—the prisoner came in for half a pint of half-and-half, and a screw of tobacco—they came to 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I had not got change, and got 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from a person in the tap-room, and 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. from the till, and gave to the prisoner—I then went next door with the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., leaving the prisoner there—I did not lose sight of him—it was given back to me—the prisoner was gone when I got back, and I gave the 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to Mrs. Philcox.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-166" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-166" type="surname" value="PHILCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-166" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>HARRIET PHILCOX</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Little Wonder—I remember Mary Ann Collins minding the bar for me while I went upstairs—she after
<lb/>wards gave me a bad 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I put it in the fire, and it melted directly—that was about a week before the 7th July—on Tuesday, 7th July, my mother was minding the bar for me—she afterwards gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and I gave her 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and took some coppers from the till—the prisoner was there, and I saw him receive the 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and coppers—the shilling was brought back in a few minutes, and found to be bad—I put it by itself—on 16th July, I was called down stairs by Mr. Gill, who gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the prisoner was there—I knew him again—I made an excuse, and went for a policeman, brought one back, and gave him the two shillings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-167" type="surname" value="LILL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-167" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY LILL</persName> </hi>. This last witness is my daughter—on 7th July I served the prisoner with a glass of ale and a screw of tobacco—he gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I took it to the butcher's, who chopped it through—I brought it back, and gave it to ray daughter, but the prisoner had gone.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-168" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-168" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GILL</persName> </hi>. On the night of 16th July, I was sitting in the bar of the Little Wonder—the prisoner came in for half a pint of beer and a screw—they came to 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I found it was bad, and called Mrs. Philcox, who passed me and fetched a policeman, and the prisoner was given in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Was I there the day before I was given in custody?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; but I did not know you then, and you paid with good money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-169" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-169" type="given" value="GEORGE SAMUEL"/>GEORGE SAMUEL LOWE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I took the prisoner, and produce the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I found on him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-170" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-170" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-1001-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1001-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1001-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18630817-1001-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1001-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1001-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1001-18630817 t18630817-1001-punishment-37"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-1002">
<interp inst="t18630817-1002" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1002" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-1002-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1002-18630817 t18630817-1002-offence-1 t18630817-1002-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-1002-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1002-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1002-18630817" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-1002-18630817" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-1002-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY CLARK</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-1002-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1002-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1002-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="indecentAssault"/>, Indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18630817-name-172" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-172" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-172" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-1002-offence-1 t18630817-name-172"/>Mary Ann Baxter</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18630817-name-173" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-173" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-173" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-173" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-1002-offence-1 t18630817-name-173"/>Mary Ann Lambert</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Third Count</hi>, indecently assaulting
<persName id="t18630817-name-174" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-174" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-174" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18630817-1002-offence-1 t18630817-name-174"/>Sophia Allen</persName> </rs>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLARKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170025"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DICKIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi>
<rs id="t18630817-1002-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1002-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1002-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the First and Second Counts</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18630817-1002-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1002-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1002-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1002-18630817 t18630817-1002-punishment-38"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Two Years</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, August</hi> 19
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1863.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Keating.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-1003">
<interp inst="t18630817-1003" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1003" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-1003-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1003-18630817 t18630817-1003-offence-1 t18630817-1003-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-1003-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1003-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1003-18630817" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-1003-18630817" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BALLARD</hi> </persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18630817-1003-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1003-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1003-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/>for unlawfully removing and concealing part of his estate within sixty days of his bankruptcy, with intent to defraud his creditors.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GRIFFITHS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-176" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-176" type="given" value="THOMAS HENRY"/>THOMAS HENRY BROWN</persName> </hi>. I am an officer of the Court of Bankruptcy—I produce the original proceedings in the bankruptcy of William Ballard—the petition is dated 22d October—it is the bankrupt's own petition—it has the seal of the Court—the adjudication is dated the same day—there is an affidavit, by the bankrupt, verifying a list of debts, filed on 24th October—the bankrupt's examinations are on 4th and 11th November, 1862, and 31st January, 1863—they purport to be signed by the bank
<lb/>rupt, and bear the seal of the Court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you see the bankrupt on 22d October?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did—he at that time made a statement to the messenger of his property for the purpose of his seizing it—this is the statement—"furniture at Dockhead, about 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. stock of ironmongery, about 85
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and fixtures; some ironmongery at Minty's, plumber and glaziers, York-road, Lambeth, worth about 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; book debts about 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; books at home"—I have not been at Minty's—we took possession of the goods there—this statement was made at the same time he brought in the petition.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-177" type="surname" value="FIDO"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-177" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FIDO</persName> </hi>. I live at 45, Red Cross-street, Southwark, and keep a coal-shed there—about the middle or end of September last, I removed some ironmongery goods from 58, Dockhead, by order of a man, named Keats, a tailor—the prisoner was present, and handed me the goods—I took them to a coal-shed, at Mrs. Hickey's, 31, Red Cross-street—they were removed in two vans—I went two separate mornings—there were two van loads—I was ordered at 6, but did not get there till a little after—Keats paid me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where did Keats carry on his business as a tailor?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In Union-street—I had known him living there for some time—I can't say that I knew him carrying on business there since March, 1862—he is now dead—the second removal was about 8 in the morning, two or three days after the first—it did not take me more than about half an hour to load—it was about 10 when I had done.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-178" type="surname" value="SLATTERY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-178" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>BRIDGET SLATTERY</persName> </hi>. My name was formerly Hickey—in September last I kept a greengrocer's shop and coal-shed at 31, Red Cross-street, South
<lb/>wark—I knew Keats, a tailor, in Union-street—in September he came and took a workshop of me at the back of my house—the rent was to be two shillings—sometime afterwards two loads of ironmongery goods were brought there by Fido—they remained there nine or ten days, and were then fetched away in some vans—I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe Keats told you that the goods were deposited until they could find a shop?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he did not say he was looking out for an ironmonger's shop—he said ho could not do much tailoring, and that he was going into the ironmongery line.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he say the goods were deposited until
<hi rend="italic">he</hi> or
<hi rend="italic">they</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170026"/>
<p>could find a shop?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He did not tell me he was going to find a shop—if I said that, I must have made a mistake—I thought he was going to take my workshop for good—he said he took it to put some goods in.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> During the fortnight the goods remained there did he say that he was looking out for a shop?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I don't remember—he said he was not doing much trade then in the tailoring.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he not say he was going to open an ironmonger's shop as soon as he could get one to suit him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I can't say; it is so long ago I can't remember what he did say—he told me afterwards, when he was taking the goods away, that he had disposed of them, and only gained 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. by them—I did not know that he had taken a shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-179" type="surname" value="WHITCROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-179" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WHITCROFT</persName> </hi>. I am a carman in the employment of Mr. Jessop, 3, Hogskin-row, James-street, Buckingham-gate—in September last, I removed some ironmongery goods from Union-street, Borough—I don't remember the number—it was Mr. Keats', the tailor's shop—I removed a little over two van loads from there; about two and a half—Keats and the prisoner were present at the removal—I took them to 40 or 41, York-road, opposite the railway-station, to a house kept by a person named Minty—I fetched a third load and a half from Red Cross-street, Union-street—Keats was present at the time—I fetched them from the back part of a greengrocer's shop—I had four loads altogether—I took them to the same house in York-road—Keats was present all the time—the prisoner was not at both places; only at Union-street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What goods were they?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Ironmongery goods of every kind—they were one-horse loads.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-180" type="surname" value="MINTY"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-180" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH MINTY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Minty, of 41, York-road, Lambeth—some time in September we had a shop to let—a person, named Keats, came about it—I did not know him before—I agreed to let it to him by the week, at 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, from about the 27th or 28th—some goods were brought the next day; I think about five van loads altogether—the prisoner was there when they came—they were put into the shop by the man who brought them—the prisoner was with them—I did not know who he was—there was no name over the shop—I saw the prisoner there after the goods were brought; I can't say how many times—he called several times—I heard of Keats' death—after that the prisoner came and told me he should not open the shop quite so soon, as Mr. Keats was dead, but I was to be sure and keep the things right, and not give them up to any one, but to him or Mrs. Keats—I believe that was the same day that Mr. Keats died—the goods had been there three or four days before I heard of Keats' death—they remained there until 4th November, when they were taken possession of by the messenger of the Court of Bank
<lb/>ruptcy—they were ironmongery goods of all descriptions, a considerable quantity—the shop was never opened.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe it was discussed between you and Keats at the time whether there was a good opening for an ironmonger's shop in that neighbourhood?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, it was; there was none near us—I agreed with him that it would be a good opening—it was quite fit for an iron
<lb/>monger's shop—my husband is a plumber.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you understand that Keats was to open the shop by himself, or with any one else?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> With another—he said so—he did not tell me the name, but I understood it was the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-181" type="surname" value="STEWART"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-181" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES STEWART</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant messenger in the Court of Bank
<lb/>ruptcy—I was instructed to take possession of some property of the prisoner's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170027"/>
<p>—I did so, at 41, York-road—I remained in possession for three days—the goods were then removed from there by Messrs. Cutler and Davis, the Court brokers—the prisoner was there at the removal—I can't say whether he stated whose goods they were—I was supposed to be in possession of his goods—he helped to remove them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-182" type="surname" value="BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-182" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE BRUCE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk, in the service of Messrs. Cutler and Davis, auctioneers—I superintended the removal of these goods from 41, York-road, in order that they might be sold by auction—they were sold by auction, and realized 339
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. gross—they were general iron
<lb/>mongery goods, A general ironmonger's stock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-183" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-183" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-183" type="given" value="WILLIAM LAWRENCE"/>WILLIAM LAWRENCE KENT</persName> </hi>. I am clerk in the service of Mr. Udall, who carries on business at Birmingham—he supplied the bankrupt with goods for three or four or four or five years—I heard of the bankruptcy—after that, on 29th October, I went to 58, Dockhead, and saw the bankrupt at his shop there—I questioned him as to his name appearing in
<hi rend="italic">Perry's Gazette</hi> without any intimation being given to Mr. Udall—he made no answer to that; no satisfactory answer—according to my memory he gave me no answer at all—I asked him where his stock was, knowing that he had had a very considerable quantity of goods—he said, "This is all the stock I have;" and he said that was sold to his brother for 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>—that was the utmost value of it—I was afterwards at Cutler and Davis's, and saw a quantity of ironmongery goods, the greatest part of which Mr. Udall had supplied.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was not the stock you saw at the shop, sold to his brother by the assignees under the authority of the Court of Bankruptcy?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I don't clearly understand how it was sold—(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that that was so</hi>)—I can't say what amount Mr. Udall has received from the prisoner altogether, without reference to the ledger—a great deal more than 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was Mr. Udall a creditor at the time of the bankruptcy to the amount of about 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; about that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-184" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-184" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-184" type="surname" value="UDALL"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-184" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM UDALL</persName> </hi>. I carry on business at Birmingham—the prisoner has been a customer of mine for four or five years—in June last I was in London, and called on him at his shop at Dockhead—at that time about 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was owing to me—I held a note of hand of his in addition to the six months' account which I then presented—he gave me bills for a portion of the debt, and a further note of hand—at that time I noticed the stock in the shop; it was a large stock—I should think I saw from 1, 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of goods in the shop and premises—the prisoner said nothing to me at that time about opening any other shop—after the interview in June, I supplied him with other goods—at the time of his bankruptcy I was a creditor for 900
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—I first became aware that he was a bankrupt by seeing it in
<hi rend="italic">Perry's Gazette</hi>, in October or November—I sent Mr. Kent, my cleek, up to London to make inquiries—I believe this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) to be the prisoner's writing—(
<hi rend="italic">Read:</hi> "Nov. 6th, 1862. Mr. Udall, Sir, I beg to inform you that things will be better than I gave Mr. Kent to understand—besides the amount the stock realized at Dockhead, there are book-debts amounting to about 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and also other stock which has been taken by the official assignee, amounting to 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—in my nervous state when speaking to Mr. Kent, I omitted to tell him respecting the stock which has since been taken by the official assignee, and had been taken to another shop for the purpose of opening another business—trusting this will meet your favour
<lb/>able opinion, I am your obedient servant, &c.")</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> Q, I believe it was on the 18th June that you called on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170028"/>
<p>the bankrupt?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think it was—he said that he had bought largely and his sales had fallen off—he said the amounts for the bills were large, and he could not see his way to meet more than 84
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a month, but he thought he could meet those comfortably—the amount of goods that he ordered in June was about 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I am the trade assignee, and the prosecutor of this indictment—I have not received any dividend.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-185" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-185" type="surname" value="COLLINGWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-185" type="given" value="WILLIAM ALFRED"/>WILLIAM ALFRED COLLINGWOOD</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant—I was employed to investigate the bankrupt's accounts—I made up this statement (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I find here "creditors unsecured 1, 195
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., creditors holding security, 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; liabilities on accommodation bills 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. making a total of 1, 286
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—good debts 61
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; bad 51
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—by property given up to the assignees 422
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—that includes the property in the York-road—"by property in the hands of creditors 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., total 503
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—that leaves a deficiency of 783
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I suppose in the ordinary course you had the bankrupt to give you information when you required it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He attended us on several occasions, and gave us information as we required it; but these accounts were not prepared by us; we were only employed to investigate their accuracy.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KENT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). The bankrupt's dealings with us for the six months preceding his bankruptcy amounted to 354
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and for the six months preceding that it was about 490
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. UDALL</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). The first of the bills given in June was paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The examination of the bankrupt was put in and read.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18630817-1003-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1003-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1003-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18630817-1004">
<interp inst="t18630817-1004" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18630817"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1004" type="date" value="18630817"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18630817-1004-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-1004-18630817 t18630817-1004-offence-1 t18630817-1004-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-1004-18630817" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-1004-18630817" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-1004-18630817" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-1004-18630817" type="surname" value="RINALDI"/>
<interp inst="def1-1004-18630817" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER RINALDI</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18630817-1004-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18630817-1004-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-1004-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously making upon a plate of glass an undertaking for the payment of money of a foreign State, to wit, the Empire of Austria, without the authority of that State—other counts varying the manner of stating the charge.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS</hi>.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-187" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-187" type="surname" value="M'QUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-187" type="given" value="JOHN BRITTEN"/>JOHN BRITTEN M'QUIRE</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Aldgate, in the City of London, and am a photographic artist; my name is up outside, and there are portraits at the door, so that any person would know what my calling was—on Thursday, 18th June, about 7 in the evening, the prisoner came to my premises—I was in a back room on the first-floor with my wife—I had never seen the prisoner before—he said he wished to look at some of my specimens—he spoke as good English as I can—I showed him several specimens—he seemed perfectly satisfied, but said he would not have one taken then, he would call again the next day—I believe my wife gave him one of my cards and he left—on the following day, Friday, he came again between 12 and 1—I was in the same room—he came upstairs to me—he said he had come to have his portrait taken—my wife showed him where to arrange himself—he said he was in no hurry, he would wait till the other customers had gone, and when they had gone, I took a portrait of him—I did not like the look of it and I took another of him—he then said he wished to speak to me privately, and asked if I could copy works of art—I said, oh, yes, anything—he said he had got some work for me to do, which he would bring the following day—he came on the following day, the 20th, at noon—I asked him where his residence was and I would send for the works of art—he said, oh, his hotel was a long way, pointing towards the east—he produced a one gulden note to pay for is portrait and gave it to my wife: she handed it to me, saying she did not know the meaning of it—he afterwards gave her a gold half-Napoleon, and she gave him change in English coin—he took one portrait away with him, the other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170029"/>
<p>he left, and I afterwards gave it to the police—on the following day, Saturday, the prisoner came again from about 12 to 1—my wife and daughter were there and several customers—my wife thought he wanted another portrait, so she asked him to arrange his hair again—he said, oh, no, he would wait till all the customers had gone—he did so—he then asked me to shut the door—I did so; my wife and child were there also—the prisoner then took a pocket-book out of his inside coat-pocket—took from it a one gulden note and asked if I could copy that—I said, "Oh, yes"—he then asked if I thought we could procure paper in London like that to print them on—I said I did not know—he said it did not matter much, as we could get plenty in a foreign country, by going to Paris or some of those places—my wife went upstairs to attend to dinner while this conversation was going on, my daughter stopped all the time—the prisoner asked me if that was my wife that had just left the room—I said, "Yes"—he said, "That is all right"—he then said, "Is this your daughter?"—I said, "Yes" and he said, "That is all right then"—he then said, "You must not let any living soul in the world see these notes, nor yet the impression you take of the notes"—I said, "It is not likely"—I was to copy 1, 000 from the one gulden note—he said he would give me an order for 1, 000 from that, and we could pass them off to foreign gentlemen as we travelled round the country—this is the note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I can swear to it by the pin mark and the No. 840—we were to travel in France, Belgium, Austria, Russia, Prussia, and all parts of the Continent—I said "Very good," and with that he bade me good afternoon—after he had gone, I spoke to my wife and shewed her the note, and after consulting with her, I put on my hat and coat and went directly to Seething-lane station and gave information to Inspector Scott, not ten minutes after the prisoner had left—the prisoner had said that he would call again on the Monday morning to see the impression that I took from the note, and then if I liked he would give me some of greater value—I photographed the note early on the Monday morning—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the glass impression—the prisoner did not come into my place during that day—I saw him on the opposite side of the way I dare say a dozen times, walking backwards and forwards during the afternoon; he was parading about for full three hours—about a quarter to 9 in the evening, I shut up my place in the ordinary way—after my business is over I generally stand at my door for a short time—I was stand
<lb/>ing there about ten minutes past 9, when the prisoner came up to me and shook hands with me—he pulled me on one side from the shop where the foreigners are and said, "You must not let them hear one word"—the ground-floor is an ice-cream and confectioner's shop, kept by Italians—I said, "Let us go and have a glass of ale together"—we went into an hotel in Jewry-street, about fifteen doors from my place and had a glass of ale—on the way he asked if I had photographed that note—I said "Yes"—he asked how it looked—I said it was very good—he said he should like to see it—after having the ale we went back to my place and went upstairs together—my wife was sitting there at needle work—he said, "Good evening, madame;" and I said, "He has come to see the impression I have taken from that note"—he said, "Oh, shut the door"—the door was closed and I sat down at the table with him—I showed him the photograph I had taken and let him have the note to compare with it; he seemed highly pleased with it and said he had got some more of greater value, and he would let me have them to go on with, and make as good a job of them as that—he then remarked, "But this is a very dry job," and gave me half-a-crown to get a bottle of gin—I went out and was away for about an hour—I went to make</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170030"/>
<p>inquiries where the officers lived that had the case in hand—I left the prisoner at my place; when I returned he had left; I met him as I came back—before I left he talked very much about making our fortunes, and I was to get them done on copper-plate, so that I was to have them lithographed, and he would find any amount of money—I was to get plates done by lithography so that we might go on and make as many thousands as we thought proper, which
<lb/>ever way I could get them done the best not to be detected—when I went away I left the one gulden note and the photograph in the room—I said he had better leave it, for I thought I could get a better one than I had already got—I met the prisoner on my return, next door to Mr. Gatti's, about seven doors from my place—he told me he had been back, and had left two notes of more value with my wife, and given her six and a half Napoleons as a deposit for me to go on with the work—we parted in the street—when I got home my wife showed me a 5 gulden note, a 10 gulden note, and six and a half gold Napoleons—on Tuesday evening, the 23
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the prisoner came and knocked at my door—my wife and I were sitting in the room—he sat down at the end of the table, with his back partly towards the door—he came leaning right over me as I sat in my easy chair, and said, "You say anything to the police?"—I said, "It is not likely"—he said, "Because I hear something last night, and I am going off to Boulogne in the morning"—he said I must keep the secret, or we should both be ruined and transported and sent to the galleys, and I don't know where, if it was found out—I said it was not a likely thing that I should do anything of the kind to risk my liberty—we had the three notes on the table, and the glass impression that I had photographed—the prisoner was comparing the one gul
<lb/>den note with it, talking about our travelling, and what fine fortunes we could make, and all kinds of humbug—another knock came to the door; I said, "Come in," and Scott, the detective, put his head round the doorway—he was in plain clothes—I went outside to speak to him—I made some com
<lb/>munication to him—I returned to the room, and then went out again on to the stairs—the officers then went into the room and took the prisoner into custody, and took possession of the three notes and the glass impression—the portrait I had given up on the Saturday when I had given the informa
<lb/>tion—this photograph is taken upon a plate of glass; the glass is covered with prepared collodion; it is then exposed to the light, with the note in front, and the impression of the note then becomes printed on the glass—when it is printed on the glass I can set it, so as to print from it—we have to fix it—we wash it and tone it, and then wash it again, and then fix it—when that is done, by placing it upon sensitive paper, we can print off as many copies as we wish, by placing it to the light—we must have the right paper, so that the sun may act upon it—I did not prepare it for printing—I never intended to print—I black-varnished it, so that it could not be scratched when the officers were making use of it—by varnishing it I pre
<lb/>vented its being printed from, because the collodion is on the varnish side—I varnished it to preserve it, so that, in being shown about, the collodion should not be scratched off—the plate I have produced is an exact
<hi rend="italic">fac-simile</hi> of the note.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You expose the glass, when pre
<lb/>pared with the collodion, to the light, and so take an impression from the note; is that so?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It can be; it was not done that way—I varnished it on the collodion side, so that it could not be printed from—before I var
<lb/>nished it, it was in a state from which I could print, if I had turned it into a negative, not before—I could not have printed from it as it was; I could if</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170031"/>
<p>I had gone on with the right process, but I never intended to go on with it—from the prisoner's instructions, I was to take all the three notes like this, and then have copper or lithographic plates taken from them, and he would supply me with money to get those plates done—that was his intention—I was not simply to take a copy by photography for that purpose; his instruc
<lb/>tions were for me to get the plates done, and if we could not get the paper in London I was to travel with him and we could procure it abroad when we had once got the stone.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When the impression or shadow is created on the glass, you fix it; it does not eat into the glass at all, does it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> That depends upon what process we are working; in this process it does not—it is a mere shadow on the surface of the glass, which I fixed there by means of the varnish that I put on it—before putting the varnish, I might have washed it off the face of the glass, but I put the varnish on so that it should not be washed off—that was for the purpose of the police making use of it—this is very much fainter than the original from which I printed, because it is varnished on the collodion side—independent of the varnish, there would have been as good blacks as in the original note—the reproduc
<lb/>tions would have been as good a colour if I had printed—that is what we call a positive—it would have been a negative if I had had instructions to take one, but I had other instructions—the prisoner's instructions were to take something from which I could get a copperplate—if I had followed out the prisoner's instructions instead of those of the police I should have taken a negative, and from that negative I might have printed—I could not print from a positive, it would appear the wrong way—all are taken as posi
<lb/>tives in the first instance, and then converted into negatives—this was never converted into a negative—I could not possibly print until it was converted into a negative, it would have come out left-handed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say that all these photographs are positives at first.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> All; we can turn them into negatives in a few minutes, and from those negatives we could produce millions if they were wanted by a certain process in chemistry—if I had not put the varnish upon it I could, in about three minutes, have turned this identical plate into a negative—as it appears now, there is the impression just as it was when I took it from the machine—if I had been going to do any work from this I should have converted it it into a negative in the ordinary way; if I had been going to copy a work of art—if we could not procure the right paper in London the prisoner was to procure it himself in some foreign part—ordinary paper would not do for printing off impressions, it must be the paper used by the Austrian bank for making notes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you say you could print off any number, do you mean by photography?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> We should have to put them on paper if they were done by photography, but it was never the intention that they should be done by photography—if these were to be reproduced upon sensi
<lb/>tive paper it would be by photography, by taking a positive, then converting it into a negative and printing it on paper—if it was not done by photography a plate must be engraved.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-188" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-188" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-188" type="surname" value="M'QUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-188" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN M'QUIRE</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of last witness—I remember the prisoner calling at our place on 18th June, and having his portrait taken—I have been present in Court whilst my husband has been examined—I re
<lb/>member the prisoner having a conversation with my husband about the photo
<lb/>graphy of these gulden notes—he first produced this note to me in payment for his portrait—my husband photographed from that note the plate pro
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170032"/>
<p>I have heard my husband describe the different interviews which he had with the prisoner in my presence—those descriptions are quite correct—on the Monday evening, while my husband was absent, the prisoner wished me to persuade my husband to get as many of the notes as he could, and it would make our fortune—he said he would leave some money, 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., if I required it, for us to go on with the work—I said nothing of the kind was required, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. would do—he put down six and a half gold Napoleons, and said that amounted to 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in English money—he left these two other notes with me, one for five and the other for ten gulden, and said he wanted them copied the same as we had done the other—he then said he was tired of waiting for my husband, and left—he called again about ten minutes afterwards, and said he had just had a telegraphic message that he must be off to Paris by 5 o'clock in the morning, but he came again on the Tuesday night—on the Monday night he said he would leave his address, and gave me this paper (
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>), "Swizerlant, Canton Gravbunden, a Bruzio; M. Pietro Rinaldi."—I was present when Scott, the officer, came in—I have heard my husband's description of what took place then—it is correct.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-189" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-189" type="surname" value="GATTI"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-189" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GATTI</persName> </hi>. I am a chocolate manufacturer, at 13, Aldgate—I knew the prisoner about two years ago, when he came from Austria with some other countrymen—he arrived at my house on 18th June last, I believe from Switzerland—he took a lodging at my house when I was absent—I saw him on the following morning—he called me on one side and said he had something important to tell me—I wanted to take him into my parlour, but he took me upstairs to his bed-room—he told me to sit down, and he took out of his pocket two or three Austrian notes and showed them to me—I believe they were one, five, and ten gulden notes—he said as I had been in London for many years, did I know any lithographer, or any one who would be able to make these notes—of course I was offended, and stood up directly and said he knew me to be a respectable tradesman, and I would not do such a thing for the whole world, that I was not in need, and even if I became poor and was certain of becoming a millionaire, I would not do it—he said there was nothing to fear—I told him I never should have thought he was a man of such intentions; I remonstrated with him, and told him the difficulty of doing such a thing, and I even mentioned to him that there had been some forgeries by some Poles or Russians here some time ago, and they were sentenced to ten years—I told him directly that I did not want him to remain in my house any longer, and to go away that same day—he promised to do so—I went out after dinner, as usual, with my horse and cart, and did not come home till about 11 at night—the prisoner was not in the house, then, but I happened to go with a friend to a tavern in Jewry-street, and there I heard of him—I directly hastened home, and waited in the shop a few minutes till the prisoner came in—I insisted on his leaving that night—he said he was going away in the morning at 5 o'clock by the Boulogne boat, and prayed me to let him stop till then—I did so, and he went away at 5 in the morning—I let him out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-190" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-190" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-190" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a sergeant in the London Police Force—on Monday, 22d June, I went to 4, Aldgate, and saw the prisoner there—I did not see him go into Mr. M'Quire's that day, but I saw him to and fro opposite the house the whole day—I saw him buy a black portmanteau, which I have here; I took possession of it afterwards at Mouflet's Hotel, Newgate-street—on Tuesday evening, I went with a brother officer to Mr. M'Quire's—I went upstairs, and knocked at the door—Mr. M'Quire opened it, and we went in—I found the prisoner and Mr. and Mrs. M'Quire sitting at a table—this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186308170033"/>
<p>glass impression was on the table, not in this case, but out of the case, with an envelope containing the three notes produced for one, five, and ten gulden, and this envelope with the address on it—a portrait of the prisoner had been given to me on the Saturday previous, and another portrait I found in his portmanteau—the prisoner was sitting at the table when I went in—I said, "Hallo! what are you doing here?"—he said, "Nothing"—I then took up the glass impression, and said, "What do you call this?"—he said, "I don't know"—I then showed him the notes, taking them off the table, and said, "What do you call these?"—he said, "I don't know"—I then told him he would be charged with causing to be forged a one-gulden Austrian bank-note—he said, "What, me! I know nothing about it"—I took him to the station and searched him, and found on him forty-two gold Napoleons.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SCOTT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-police inspector</hi>). On Saturday, 20th June, Mr. M'Quire came to the station-house, about 1 o'clock, and made a communication to me; it was with reference to photographing a foreign note.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18630817-name-191" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18630817-name-191" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-191" type="surname" value="SCHAFER"/>
<interp inst="t18630817-name-191" type="given" value="CHEVALIER"/>CHEVALIER SCHAFER</persName> </hi>. I am director to the Austrian Consulate-General in London—this is a one-gulden note, current in the Empire of Austria—there is only one bank, the National Bank, which has the privilege, by Imperial charter, to issue such notes—the value of this note is about 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. English money—these other notes for five and ten gulden are also current in Austria—this is a correct translation of the note (
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is there no signature wanted to the note?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The signature of the director of the cash department is printed upon it; it is all printed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted, that no offence was proved; that photography was not contemplated by the Act upon which the indictment was framed</hi> (24 & 25
<hi rend="italic">Vic. c.</hi> 98
<hi rend="italic">sec.</hi> 19);
<hi rend="italic">the offence there pointed at was "engraving and making," that was, that something should be cut into the material employed, from which impressions could be taken; the Legislature did not seem to have had their attention called to the art of photography, which, probably, was not then con
<lb/>sidered an art that could be applied to such a purpose: this was clearly no en
<lb/>graving or making, it was a mere shadow, which without having recourse to a further process was useless, and not capable of producing any impressions; nor could it be said to have been done by the prisoner, because the photographer had not acted according to his instructions, but just the reverse; the prisoner's object evidently being to use this photograph, not for the purpose of printing from, but to get an engraving made from it; on these grounds, he submitted there was no case to go to the Jury.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE KEATING</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that the case must go to the Jury, and if they were of opinion that the prisoner did, in the words of the Act, "in any wise make or cause to be made upon any plate whatever" the note in question, with intent to counterfeit the Austrian currency, he should hold a plate of glass to come within those words, and direct them that the offence was within the Statute; but, as the case was a novel one, he would give the prisoner the opportunity of raising the question in another place.</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">did not address the Jury upon the facts.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
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<interp inst="t18630817-1004-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
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<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
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