<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18610505">
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<interp inst="f18610505" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-1">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-1" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-1" type="given" value="JAMES DROVER"/>JAMES DROVER BARNETT</persName> </p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-2">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-2" type="surname" value="BUCKLER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-2" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>ALEXANDER BUCKLER,</persName> </p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-3">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-3" type="surname" value="ORRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-3" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT ORRIDGE, ESQ.</persName> </p>
<p>VOLUME LIV.</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, May 5th, 1861, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the Right Hon.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-4" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-4" type="surname" value="CUBITT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CUBITT</persName> </hi>, Esq. M.P. Lord Mayor of the City of London;
<persName id="t18610505-name-5" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-5" type="surname" value="WILLES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-5" type="given" value="JAMES SHAW"/>Sir James Shaw Willes</persName>, Knt. one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Common Pleas;
<persName id="t18610505-name-6" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-6" type="surname" value="CHANNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-6" type="given" value="WILLIAM FRY"/>Sir William Fry Channell</persName>, Knt. one of the Barons of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer;
<persName id="t18610505-name-7" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-7" type="surname" value="COPELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-7" type="given" value="WILLIAM TAYLOR"/>William Taylor Copeland, Esq.</persName> M.P.;
<persName id="t18610505-name-8" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-8" type="surname" value="DUKE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES"/>Sir James Duke</persName>, Bart. M.P.;
<persName id="t18610505-name-9" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-9" type="surname" value="MOON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-9" type="given" value="FRANCIS GRAHAM"/>Sir Francis Graham Moon</persName>, Bart. F.S.A.; and
<persName id="t18610505-name-10" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-10" type="surname" value="CARDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-10" type="given" value="ROBERT WALTER"/>Sir Robert Walter Carden</persName>, Knt., Aldermen of the said City;
<persName id="t18610505-name-11" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-11" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-11" type="given" value="RUSSELL"/>Russell Gurney, Esq.</persName> Q.C. Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="t18610505-name-12" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-12" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-12" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>William Lawrence</persName>, Esq.;
<persName id="t18610505-name-13" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-13" type="surname" value="HALE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-13" type="given" value="WARREN STORMES"/>Warren Stormes Hale, Esq.</persName>;
<persName id="t18610505-name-14" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-14" type="surname" value="MECHI"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-14" type="given" value="JOHN JOSEPH"/>John Joseph Mechi, Esq.</persName>; and
<persName id="t18610505-name-15" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-15" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-15" type="given" value="JAMES CLARKE"/>James Clarke Lawrence, Esq.</persName>; Aldermen of the said City; and
<persName id="t18610505-name-16" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-16" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-16" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas Chambers</persName>, Esq. Q.C. Common Serjeant of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, Holden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-17" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-17" type="surname" value="ABBISS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-17" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ABBISS</persName> </hi>, Esq. Ald.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-18" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-18" type="surname" value="LUSK"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-18" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW LUSK</persName> </hi> Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-19" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-19" type="surname" value="EAGLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-19" type="given" value="OCTAVIUS CHAPMAN TRYON"/>OCTAVIUS CHAPMAN TRYON EAGLETON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-20" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-20" type="surname" value="GAMMON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-20" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES GAMMON</persName> </hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050007"/> </div1>
<hi rend="italic">The following Prisoners, upon whom the Sentence of the Court was respited at the time of Trial, have since been sentenced as under:</hi> </p>
<p>Vol. liv.
<hi rend="italic">Page Sentence.</hi> </p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-21">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-21" type="surname" value="BRAWN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-21" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>Brawn, Ernest</persName>... 164...Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-22">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-22" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-22" type="given" value="JAMES DENNY"/>Chapman, James Denny</persName>... 251...Four Years' Penal Servitude.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-23">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-23" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-23" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-23" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>Henry, Harriet</persName>... 352... Confined Nine Months.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-24">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-24" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-24" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>Brown, George</persName>... 164...Three Years' Penal Servitude.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-25">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-25" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-25" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-25" type="given" value="EMMA"/>Bell, Emma</persName>... 658... Confined Five Days.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-26">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-26" type="surname" value="CALLAGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-26" type="given" value="ANN"/>Callaghan, Ann</persName>... 524... Confined Six Months.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-27">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-27" type="surname" value="KILTY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-27" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>Kilty, Patrick</persName>... 64... Confined Fourteen Days, and Sent to a Reformatory for Three Years.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-28">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-28" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-28" type="surname" value="M'CABE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-28" type="given" value="ANN MARIA"/>M'Cabe, Ann Maria</persName>... 175... Confined Twelve Months.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-29">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-29" type="surname" value="HAMMOND"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-29" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Hammond, Henry</persName>... 367... Confined Four Days.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-30">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-30" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-30" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>Baker, Charles</persName>... 95... Confined Three Months.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-31">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-31" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-31" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-31" type="given" value="SARAH"/>Abbott, Sarah</persName>... 327... Confined Nine Days, and sent to a Reformatory.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-32">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-32" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-32" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-32" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>Wilson, Caroline</persName>... 88... Confined Fourteen Days.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-33">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-33" type="surname" value="FARRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-33" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Farrant, Thomas</persName>... 691... Confined Nine Months.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-34">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-34" type="surname" value="CUMBERLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-34" type="given" value="MARY"/>Cumberland, Mary</persName>... 758... Confined Three Months.</p>
<persName id="t18610505-name-35">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-35" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-35" type="surname" value="TRENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-35" type="given" value="HANNAH ELEANOR"/>Trenham, Hannah Eleanor</persName>... 758... Confined Three Months.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050011"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CUBITT, MAYOR. SEVENTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1861.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES DUKE</hi>, Bart. M.P. Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt. Ald.; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM LAWRENCE</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-404-18610505" type="surname" value="WYBROW"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WYBROW</hi> </persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18610505-404-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-404-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-404-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAXTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-37" type="surname" value="HIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-37" type="given" value="SOMERS"/>SOMERS HIGGINS</persName> </hi>. I am clerk at the Westminster Police-court—on 13th February, a charge was preferred there against a person of the name of Purdue—it was upon an information—I have the information here (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is an information signed by two witnesses in order that a (summons might be granted against Purdue for perjury; a summons was then issued—the information contains the allegations of perjury—the matter came on for hearing on 13th February, at the Westminster Police court—the defendant then gave evidence on behalf of Purdue.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> There would be a summons founded upon that infor
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I have not got the summons here; I was not required produce it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">I submit that the summons ought to be produced, that being the only evidence of the nature of the charge which Purdue was called upon to answer.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAXTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The information is sufficient, that being the original basis of the investigation.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RECORDER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">He appeared upon the information; the summons was issued for the purpose of his attending upon that information.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WITNESS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued.</hi>) The prisoner was duly sworn—the inquiry was before Mr. Painter, one of the Magistrates of the Westminster Police-court—he is authorized to have oaths taken before him—upon that occasion the prisoner made a deposition, which I have here—(
<hi rend="italic">The witness read the evidence given by the defendant; it was to the effect that, en the night of 26th June last, a person named Ryan and others were at his house, from half-past 7 or 8 in the evening till about 12 o'clock, when the house was closed; they then remained outside, larking and making a noise; that he was taking out his dog</hi> </p>
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<hi rend="italic">for a walk, but that the dog did not go near Ryan</hi>)—This is the usual information that Magistrates require, of two witnesses before issuing a summons—Purdue was told what he was charged with; I read out the summons to him—the charge was communicated to him by the reading out of the summons—the information was not read out; it never is.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RECORDER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">According to this evidence the charge that he was called upon to answer was contained in the summons, and not in the information; and we must know what the charge was, in order to see whether or not the evidence given by the defendant was material.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">This question arose before Mr. Justice Wightman on circuit and he held that the summons was the record, and that they could not go on without the summons.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LAXTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">I submit that the information is sufficient, as that was the original foundation of the matter.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RECORDER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">The information does not seem to be brought to the knowledge of the accused in any way; it would be behind his back; it was the summons that was read out to him, and without that I think you cannot give any further evidence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-404-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-404-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-404-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-405-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18610505" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18610505" type="surname" value="VERNEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-405-18610505" type="given" value="LUDOVIC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUDOVIC VERNEY</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-405-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-405-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-405-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 1 shawl, value 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-39" type="surname" value="CLEMOW"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-39" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-405-offence-1 t18610505-name-39"/>Frederick Clemow</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18610505-405-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-405-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-405-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> 1 coat, and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-40" type="surname" value="SILK"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM BANKS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-405-offence-2 t18610505-name-40"/>William Banks Silk</persName>;</rs>
<rs id="t18610505-405-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-405-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-405-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi> a printed book, value 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 2 sheets, value 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-41" type="surname" value="SPENCER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-41" type="given" value="SIDNEY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-405-offence-3 t18610505-name-41"/>Sidney Spencer</persName>;</rs> to all which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-405-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-405-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-405-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-405-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-405-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-405-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-405-18610505 t18610505-405-punishment-1"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-406">
<interp inst="t18610505-406" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-406" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-406-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-406-18610505 t18610505-406-offence-1 t18610505-406-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-406-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-406-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18610505" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18610505" type="surname" value="BRUCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-406-18610505" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BRUCE</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-406-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-406-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-406-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18610505-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-43" type="surname" value="CROSWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-43" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-406-offence-1 t18610505-name-43"/>Henry Crosswell</persName>, with intent to steal; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-406-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-406-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-406-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-406-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-406-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-406-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-406-18610505 t18610505-406-punishment-2"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-407">
<interp inst="t18610505-407" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-407" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-407-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-407-18610505 t18610505-407-offence-1 t18610505-407-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-407-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-407-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18610505" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18610505" type="surname" value="LEVEFRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-407-18610505" type="given" value="ADOLPH DENIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADOLPH DENIS LEVEFRE</hi> (46)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-407-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-407-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-407-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 1 coat, 1 pair of trousers, and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-45" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-45" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-407-offence-1 t18610505-name-45"/>Moses Davis</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner being a foreigner had the evidence interpreted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-46" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-46" type="given" value="MOSES"/>MOSES DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor of King-street, St. James'—the prisoner has worked with me for the last six months—he left me on 25th April; I had no notice of his intention to leave—about an hour after he left I missed a coat and pair of trousers from the room where he worked—about a for
<lb/>tnight before that I had missed some knives and forks—last Wednesday night I went with an officer to a house in Whitechapel, where I found the prisoner, and in that room 1 found the coat I had missed, and the knives and forks, and the trousers he had on—these are the things (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—when he first saw me he said, "How are you getting on, Mr. Davis?"—I said, "You know in what way you left me"—he said, "Don't say anything before the master of the house; I will go and speak with you"—he put his coat on and came out, and I told the policeman to take him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Was I not six days with you without work?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; longer than that—I promised to give you work whenever I had any—I said, as long as I had two coats to make, you should have one; but I had none myself lately—you had your meals with me—it is not true that I pledged things that I had to make up; I have done so, but not at this time, and I took them out again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were the things he took new things?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; my own clothes, not anything that he was at work upon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-47" type="surname" value="WARNER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-47" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WARNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 207). The prisoner was given into my</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050013"/>
<p>Custody by the prosecutor—I told him he was charged with stealing a coat and pair of trousers—he spoke English so that I could understand him—he aid the coat was at home; he said nothing about the trousers till I found them on him at the station—he then said they were not trousers, they were drawers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I never denied having the things; I bought them Three weeks before I was accused. He owed me money, and let me have the things in payment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-407-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-407-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-407-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-408">
<interp inst="t18610505-408" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-408" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-408-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18610505 t18610505-408-offence-1 t18610505-408-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-408-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18610505 t18610505-408-offence-2 t18610505-408-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-408-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18610505 t18610505-408-offence-3 t18610505-408-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-408-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-408-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18610505" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18610505" type="surname" value="SOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-408-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SOPER</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-408-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-408-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-408-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18610505-408-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-408-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-408-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> </rs>
<rs id="t18610505-408-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-408-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-408-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, was charged upon 3 indictments with Feloniously uttering forged receipts, with intent to defraud;</rs> to all of which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-408-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-408-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-408-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-408-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-408-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-408-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-408-18610505 t18610505-408-punishment-3"/>Confined eighteen months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, May</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1861.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, knt. Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-409">
<interp inst="t18610505-409" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-409" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-409-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-409-18610505 t18610505-409-offence-1 t18610505-409-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-409-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-409-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18610505" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18610505" type="surname" value="CAUFMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-409-18610505" type="given" value="CARL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARL CAUFMAN</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-409-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-409-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-409-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-50" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-50" type="surname" value="MOSES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-50" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-409-offence-1 t18610505-name-50"/>Henry Moses</persName> and others, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-51" type="surname" value="GOLDBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-51" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>ISAAC GOLDBERG</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Messrs. H. E. and M. Moses, of cannon-street, man Chester warehousemen—the prisoner was in their employ, in the branch establishment in Bow-lane, as a tailor—our work-room is over a gateway—there are two entrances to the workshop—I lock them up at night, at 8 o'clock, sometimes a few minutes past, because if they are busy, we must wait till they are all off—we open about 8 o'clock in the morning—I recollect having locked the gates on 27th February, at about twenty-five minutes past—I should say there was no one in the premises at that time—it is my duty to look round every night and see whether there is any one on the premises—there is in that room a compound, that is, a part of the room railed off; a dock—in that compound there is a desk, and this drawer (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—on the night in question there was in that drawer 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. In the first compartment, the part nearest to the lock, all in silver; 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Odd, in the second compartment, in gold; and 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Odd, in gold, in the third—I locked up that drawer and desk and the com
<lb/>pound that night, before I left—I saw the prisoner on the premises as late as twenty minutes past 8 o'clock that night—I returned next morning at a few minutes before—two men, one of whom was daily, came in with me—I found no difficulty in opening the gate; there was no violence to that lock—about 9 o'clock I went to the drawer in which the money was, and I found it in the condition in which it now is—close to the drawer there was a pair of tailor's scissors, which I had not seen before—I do not think the drawer could have been opened with them, but there were other tools—the silver was gone—there was a chair upon a table outside the partition, so that anybody could get over into the compound—the chair was not on the table when I left, the night before—upon discovering it I had a com
<lb/>munication with a boy named levy, from which I gave directions to a constable to go after the prisoner—it was the prisoner's duty to be on the premises at 8 o'clock, as well as the other men—I did not see him at all that day.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050014"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was there a yard in front of the shop?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and then there is a gate; the only communication with these workshops is by one of those gateways—no one can get over that gateway, because the workshop is over it—it, is a wooden gateway, with wooden doors which reach to the arch—the gateway is opened in the morning—the doors on the left cannot be opened from the outside, because the locks are inside—they could very likely open them if some instrument were used—I found no marks of any instrument.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is there any keyhole through?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; it is fastened by bolts and by a lock inside—there are four rooms—I generally go into all the four, and there are some little places besides—the prisoner worked by piece—he was in their employ about a month or six weeks before—this last time he was not at work more than two days—I was away for a week—he had never been there until about six weeks before—nobody came in there to see the work-people; it is not allowed—this money was tied in a little canvas bag—I did not give the prisoner any money that evening—if he is not lazy he can earn about 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, and some of them get 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; but he was quite a lazy man, and never did work.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-52" type="surname" value="DALY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-52" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DALY</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Derby-street, Royal Mint-street, Tower
<lb/>hill, and am in the service of Messrs. Moses—I recollect coming to their shop about 8 o'clock on the morning of the 28th—I recollect going upstairs with Goldberg and other workmen—I left the others there—I went to the water-closet—I could not get in; the door was closed front the inside against me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you require to go there yourself?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I came about three or four minutes before 8 that morning—there is no fas
<lb/>tening inside the water-closet, but there is a bolt that a person can hold the door by from the inside—I was at the door before the foreman came—I had to wait for him—I saw him unlock the door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-53" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-53" type="given" value="EMANUEL DAVID"/>EMANUEL DAVID LEVY</persName> </hi>. I live at 4, Fraser-street, Lower-marsh, Lambeth, and am in the prosecutors' service—on the night of 27th February, I saw the prisoner on the premises up to twenty minutes past—I locked up the premises with Mr. Goldberg—I left at the same time—I came the next morning about two minutes before—I saw
<hi rend="smallCaps">CAUFMAN</hi> coming out of the premises—the premises were opened about four minutes before—I saw him leave about a minute before 8, or at 8 o'clock—he was coming out with his foot on the step in a very hurried manner—I said, Good morning, where are you going?"—it is my usual duty to stop any person going out of the premises—he said, "I am going to buy a reel of cotton, and have a cup of coffee, and I shall be back presently"—he did not come back—I afterwards went with the detective to Goldstone-street—when the prisoner went out, the door was half open—he must have been in the act of just shutting the door as I met him—I was going in—he had told me the night before that he wanted some money, he was going to Germany.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you come by yourself that morning?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; at about two minutes before—the place was open then, and I saw him coming out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you went into the room where the prisoner was, with the detective officer, did you say anything to him about being home all night?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not to my recollection; the detective spoke most to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When was it you went to Goldstone-street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The Thursday morning—8 o'clock is the earliest hour for people to come there; but some of them come a few minutes before, and some after—Mr. Goldberg</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050015"/>
<p>was there when I got there—I do not know how long he had been there—it is my duty to keep the books—I open the door sometimes when people come—the door is not open usually—there is a girl kept on purpose for opening it to people—a bell is rung whenever people wish to go in—I said I to him, "You are early"—I was early myself that morning—I mentioned this about half an hour afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-54" type="surname" value="STREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-54" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB STREEN</persName> </hi>. I am a dealer, residing at 35, Chicksand-street, Spitalfields, and am the prisoner's landlord—on the night of 27th February, he was out all night—I waited till 1 o'clock in the morning—he did not come home, but he came home a little before 8 in the morning—he looked rather sleepy—I asked him where he had been—he gave me a slight answer—I could not understand what he said—he looked about him, and then off he went directly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-55" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-55" type="surname" value="STREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-55" type="given" value="AUGUSTA"/>AUGUSTA STREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Through an interpreter</hi>). I am a widow, residing with my son, the last witness—I recollect the prisoner coming home on Thursday morning, 28th February, about 9 o'clock—that was the first time I saw him that morning—he had some silver money in his hand—some shillings—I saw it was silver, and I stood back—I cannot say how much he had—he said he had been playing at dominoes, and won it that night.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you know why he showed it to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Because he gave me a penny to have something bought for him—I did not count he money that he had.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-56" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-56" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>). I went with Levy to Chicksand-street first, and from there to Gold stone-street—in consequence of what he said, went into 42, and made inquiries if a person named Kaufman was there—was denied at every room—I went into every room and searched before I bund him—I found him at the top of the house in a back room—I had been in the passage of that house for half an hour before I found him—both myself and a countryman of the prisoner's had been calling out for Caufman—the only answer that came was, that he was not there—he must have heard us call—I told him that I was an officer, and that he was charged with robbing his employer, Mr. Moses, of between 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in silver—he appeared not to understand me—I repeated it to him several times—at length e said, "Me no thief; me no rob!—I searched him, but found nothing on him—while I was searching him, the lad Levy said, "Caufman, it looks very bad against you; you have not been home to-night, and you have kept away from your work"—he replied, "Well, I have been very ill, and all the tailors know it"—a female in the room said,-" He has nothing to do with me, I' have not seen him for about a fortnight"—a little girl, who I believe to be a relative of the prisoner, said something to me, but I cannot say whether the prisoner heard it or not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You stood at the bottom of the stairs, and called out "Caufman?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and went up stairs—somebody from that very room answered that he was not there—I searched the room—I partly looked over it while he was there; but after taking him to the station, I went back and had a further search.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You had no search-warrant from the Magistrate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; and the female denied his having anything to do with the room; that it was not his room—the woman was not in bed—she lay down on the bed afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HARRIS</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Through an interpreter</hi>). I live at No. 4, Wilson-street—the prisoner is my nephew—I was present when he was taken in custody—I was in bed because I was ill—on the night of the 28th</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050016"/>
<p>he came and asked to sleep in the back room—I had no other bed to give him—there were two children there, and he lay himself down next to the children—I saw him lay down—I cannot tell what time it was—I had no watch because my husband is not here—I generally go to bed between 8 and 9—I was already in bed when the prisoner came—I went to bed that night at my usual time—I saw him in the morning—I cannot tell at what o'clock—it might have been 7 o'clock, or half-past—I do not know.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you recollect telling the police-constable, when he was taken into custody, that he had not been there for a fortnight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot remember what I have told him—I was ill in bed—I told him nothing of the kind—I do not remember a single word.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LLOYD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long before the night previous to the day on which the prisoner was taken had you seen the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He came very often to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-409-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-409-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-409-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-409-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-409-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-409-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-409-18610505 t18610505-409-punishment-4"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-410">
<interp inst="t18610505-410" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-410" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-410-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-410-18610505 t18610505-410-offence-1 t18610505-410-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-410-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-410-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18610505" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18610505" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-410-18610505" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE MACDONALD</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-410-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-410-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-410-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18610505-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-58" type="surname" value="BACHELOR"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-58" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-410-offence-1 t18610505-name-58"/>Edmund Bachelor</persName>, and stealing therein 3 coats value 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. his property, and feloniously beating and striking him; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-410-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-410-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-410-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**</p>
<hi rend="italic">Joseph Jones</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, L</hi> 151)
<hi rend="italic">produced a certificate of the prisoner's conviction of housebreaking, in Sept.</hi> 1859,
<hi rend="italic">when he was sentenced to Twelve Months' imprisonment, and stated that the woman he had been living with was convicted here last Session.</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">See case of Mary Anne Chescow, page</hi> 488.)</p>
<rs id="t18610505-410-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-410-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-410-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-410-18610505 t18610505-410-punishment-5"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">DEATH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Recorded.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1861.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES LAWRENCE</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-411">
<interp inst="t18610505-411" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-411" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-411-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-411-18610505 t18610505-411-offence-1 t18610505-411-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-411-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-411-18610505 t18610505-411-offence-1 t18610505-411-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-411-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-411-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-411-18610505" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-411-18610505" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="def1-411-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOGG</hi> (28)</persName> and
<persName id="def2-411-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-411-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-411-18610505" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="def2-411-18610505" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE HOGG</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18610505-411-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-411-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-411-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> stealing, on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-411-offence-1 t18610505-cd-1"/>5th July</rs>, 50 handkerchiefs, value 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 282 scarfs, value 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-411-offence-1 t18610505-cd-2"/>15th August</rs>, 106 handkerchiefs and 316 scarfe, value 52
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; and on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-411-offence-1 t18610505-cd-3"/>11th October</rs>, 198 handkerchiefs, 133 scarfs, and 6 neckties, value 27
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-61" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-61" type="surname" value="BROCKLEHURST"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-61" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-411-offence-1 t18610505-name-61"/>John Brocklehurst</persName> and others, the masters of James Hogg; to which</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOGG</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-411-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-411-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-411-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence against</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE HOGG</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-411-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-411-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-411-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-412">
<interp inst="t18610505-412" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-412" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-412-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-412-18610505 t18610505-412-offence-1 t18610505-412-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-412-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-412-18610505 t18610505-412-offence-1 t18610505-412-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-412-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-412-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-412-18610505" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-412-18610505" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="def1-412-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOGG</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-412-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-412-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-412-18610505" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="def2-412-18610505" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE HOGG</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18610505-412-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-412-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-412-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> stealing, on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-412-offence-1 t18610505-cd-4"/>4th February</rs>, 89 handkerchiefs and 24 scarfs, value 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-5" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-412-offence-1 t18610505-cd-5"/>5th April</rs>, 49 handkerchiefs and 232 scarfe, value 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; and on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-6" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-412-offence-1 t18610505-cd-6"/>23d May</rs>, 50 handkerchiefs and 282 scarfe, value 37
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of the said
<persName id="t18610505-name-64" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-64" type="surname" value="BROCKLEHURST"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-412-offence-1 t18610505-name-64"/>John Brocklehurst</persName> and others, the masters of James Hogg; to which.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOGG</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-412-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-412-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-412-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence against</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE HOGG</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-412-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-412-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-412-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-413">
<interp inst="t18610505-413" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-413" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-413-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-413-18610505 t18610505-413-offence-1 t18610505-413-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-413-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-413-18610505 t18610505-413-offence-1 t18610505-413-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-413-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-413-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-413-18610505" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-413-18610505" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="def1-413-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOGG</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-413-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-413-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-413-18610505" type="surname" value="HOGG"/>
<interp inst="def2-413-18610505" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE HOGG</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18610505-413-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-413-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-413-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> stealing, on
<rs id="t18610505-cd-7" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-413-offence-1 t18610505-cd-7"/>17th December</rs>, 107 handkerchiefs and other goods, the property of the same persons; to which.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050017"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HOGG</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-413-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-413-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-413-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-413-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-413-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-413-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-413-18610505 t18610505-413-punishment-6"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence against</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CAROLINE HOGG</hi>.—
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-413-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-413-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-413-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-414">
<interp inst="t18610505-414" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-414" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-414-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-414-18610505 t18610505-414-offence-1 t18610505-414-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-414-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-414-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-414-18610505" type="age" value="43"/>
<interp inst="def1-414-18610505" type="surname" value="BEASLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-414-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES BEASLEY</hi> (43)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18610505-414-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-414-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-414-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> for unlawfully keeping a certain ground for purposes of rifle shooting, to the disturbance and peril of her Majesty's subjects.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-68" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-68" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED BRETT</persName> </hi>. I am a gardener, living at 5, Albert-road, Old Ford, Stratford-le-bow—my house is at the back of the defendant's butt, about forty yards from it—the butt is in a sort of garden or enclosed ground—there are three highways close to it, the Victoria-park-road, the Victoria-road, and the Albert-road—the Victoria-park-road runs right across the back the butt—the Victoria-road is about from thirty to forty yards from the butt, and the Victoria-park-road about the same distance again—the Albert-road runs immediately at the back of the butt—the nearest road from the butt is from twenty to twenty-five yards; I cannot say exactly—if a person at the butt, and the bullet passed to the right of the butt, it would most likely go into one of the houses, or into the Albert-road—there are ten houses there—immediately at the back of the butt the ground is open as far as the Park-road, and there is a footpath leading to the Victoria-road and the Victoria-park—it is not the defendant's ground between the butt and the Victoria-park-road; it is a piece of ground belonging to some other man, I believe—there is a kitchen garden at the back, belonging to Mr. Brown, of Marquis of Cornwallis public-house, then comes the Albert-road and the houses in the Albert-road—there are no gardens at the back of the Albert-road—the Victoria-road is a main thoroughfare into Victoria-park by Victoria-park-road—there is regular street in the Victoria-park; the houses stand at the back of the Albert-road—on the evening of 3d December I had just left my own house, and was passing No. 8, three doors off, when a rifle bullet whistled over my head, and entered Mr. Bartholomew's bedroom window at No.—that is the third house to the right of the butt, No. 10 being at the corner of the Albert-road—I have been in the army nine years—I know the whistle of a rifle bullet well—the sound of it rather astonished me for the moment—I was on my way to Victoria-park station—I hesitated for a moment whether to go on, when two more came over immediately, and fell into a small heap of gravel and knocked the stones about my feet—I then turned back immediately, and went over to Bow station instead of Victoria
<lb/>park station—I should think this was about a quarter-past 8 o'clock—the firing was usually carried on from half-past 9 to 10—I only heard it one day afterwards—I never took much notice of the firing previous to 3d December—I knew the ground—there was firing going on, rifle shooting—persons were assembled there—the butt was there previous to 3d December—I have seen it—in my opinion it is not broad enough or high enough—at the top of the sand-bags, which are placed before the butt, there are some wooden faggots, placed, long ways towards the shot—a pound of candles would have about the same effect in stopping a rifle ball as that—if you walk at the back of them you can see through them—a cat could run between them in many places—I cannot give you the size of the butt at all, I daresay it can be given; but I should think from the top of the target to the top of the sand-bags which would be at all effective in stopping a rifle ball, it would be seven feet, as far as my judgment goes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How far is it from where the rifle is discharged to the bedroom window</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050018"/>
<p>where it entered?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The report came from towards the end of Mr. Beasley's ground, which I should think would be about 150 yards—it might be a little over, 170—the other two bullets that were fired that night, and came near me, came from Mr. Beasley's ground, I can be on my oath—there is a great danger, in addition to the person not hitting the butt, of the ball hitting the ground before hitting the butt—you can then hardly tell where the shot will fly; it is just as likely to fly into the street, or go back again—in a properly constructed butt an allowance is made for a shot striking the ground.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you speak from your own experience as a rifle shooter?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I can shoot a rifle as well as a great many—I have been engaged in practising rifle shooting—I have been an instructor in rifle shooting, and also in the artillery—I have just looked at the butt to tell the size of it—it does not want much looking at it to give an opinion upon it—this model (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is something like the rifle ground—the butt is situated at the end of a cutting, which is represented by that model—there is an archway at the commencement of the cutting, but I cannot say whether the riflemen always fire through it or not—I believe that is a correct rep
<lb/>resentation of the construction of the cutting, 'the butt, and the arch through which they fire—I can't say whether there is a gradual descent from the grounds of the garden down to the place where they stand to fire through the archway—I have not seen that part of the ground—the 3d of December is the only occasion of which I personally complain—some rifle balls, pro
<lb/>pelled from a rifle, will be carried 1,000 yards, some 1,200, some 800—the rifles which are ordinarily made use of by the rifle corps of London will carry a ball from 800 to 1,000 yards, a fair charge being in the rifle—that would be the regulation charge—that would be about half a mile—my house is about forty yards from the butt—it was not into my house the ball went; it was No. 8, three doors from me; my house is No. 5—there are sand-bags seven feet from the top of the target—I should think the target is about four feet high; I cannot say exactly—I saw the bullet afterwards that the policeman picked up—that bullet presented the appearance of having been recently discharged from a rifle—I can hardly tell you how soon I saw it—it might have been a fortnight; but you can tell for a twelvemonth, whether it has been fired through a rifle or not—a rifle ball recently dis
<lb/>charged from a rifle would present an appearance very little different indeed from that which it would present a fortnight afterwards—I think it would take rather a clever man to tell whether or not it had been recently. discharged; all I can tell is that this ball had been discharged from a rifle, and had received the rotary motion from a rifle—the gravel was struck up at my feet—I will undertake to say that that was the result of bullets—the two bullets came right into this heap of gravel—I did not search for them; I did not think it worth my while—I was in a hurry to get to the train to go where I was going—all I can say is that two rifle balls came into that heap of gravel within, I should say, a couple of seconds; immediately, as fast as they could fire, one after the other—they were not the only ones that came into the street the Same night, only I was not there—the sound of the discharge of a rifle could not be mistaken for the whistling noise of the ball—it is a matter of impossibility—a man who never heard a rifle before could tell the difference.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I understand you heard the crack of the rifle and the whistle of the ball almost immediately, or at the same time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; 1 am positive that those two balls that lodged in the gravel came from those</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050019"/>
<p>grounds—I was not prepared for it, it took me by surprise but I know the report came from the direction of Mr. Beasley's grounds—I heard the first ball hit the window—the target is in front of the sand-bags; they are piled up behind the target, and rise up above it—the height of the sand-bags is, as near as I can tell you, eleven or twelve feet from the bottom of the cutting—I should think the depth of the cutting is about eight feet; so the sand-bag would be about three feet above the surface of the embankment, and above the level of the road behind, and then on the top of the sand-bags there are some of those wooden faggots placed—with the exception of the faggots, the top would be three feet above the surface of the road behind, where I was standing—I think those houses are properly represented on the model—I should almost fancy they came nearer towards the back of the butt—the Marquis of Cornwallis stands more that way—that would be the gardens, and a piece of kitchen garden—the kitchen garden comes right up behind the butt; the Albert-road comes up as far as end of the houses, and behind those houses is another road—you can go right into Victoria-park; right through, leading right into Victoria-park—there is no obstruction between the back of the butt and the Victoria-road, and the Victoria-park-road—there is nothing to prevent shots passing over there—the distance from the butt to the farthest road, the Victoria-park-road, would be about seventy yards—the whole range is 150, so that a bullet would range some 600 yards even beyond the Victoria-park-road—a bullet ranges 800 or 1,000 yards—I dare say it would destroy life at 800 yards—quite at 800 or 900, if it would not at 1,000, and it would range a little beyond that as a spent ball—there is a class of rifle that will carry 1,200 yards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-69" type="surname" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-69" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL BARTHOLOMEW</persName> </hi>. I live at 8, Albert-road, Old Ford—that is three doors from the house of last witness—I remember the evening of 3d December—I know this butt—I had heard the reports of the rifles before that me, at night I had heard them on other days, in the evening, and have seen persons in the ground shooting at this butt about 8 o'clock—on the evening of 3d December, in consequence of something I was told, I went up into one of my front bedrooms, and my son gave me a shot that he picked up in the room—I did not see him pick it up—I did not observe the mark the wall at that time—I did next morning—it was dark when I went up at first—it was such a mark as might be made by a rifle bullet—I after wards saw Mr. Beasley with reference to this matter—he came round to my house—I went round there in the first instance—I met him and told him I had had a shot enter my window—I of course concluded it came from there, because I heard the firing there—he came round to my house—some gentleman who came with him from the rifle ground said that he shot picked up under the window, had been thrown through the window—I said, "No one could throw it through; it took a piece out of he Venetian blind"—I had observed the state of the blind—it was a Venetian blind, made of wood, and the ball had taken a piece right out of one of the wooden laths—the hole in the wall which I saw next morning was in a position corresponding with the hole in the blind—Mr. Beasley said he had no doubt the ball had come through the window—he did not say anything more—I did not see him again with reference to this matter—he has been round to my place once or twice, but I happened to be out.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> This is the only matter you complain of; this bullet going through is what you complain of?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Of course it is</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050020"/>
<p>what I complain of—I examined the glass of the window—the pane was not smashed—there was a hole through it have not cut it out and brought it here—the glass was splintered a little, but still there was a round hole with stars a little round it did not make a hole through the lath of the blind—it took a piece out of the edge of it—I have not brought that here either—this is not the first time I have spoken of the blind being broken or smashed by this ball—I have said so from the first—nobody came to my house pre
<lb/>viously to Mr. Beasley that night, I believe—Mr. Beasley came round, and, I think, two gentlemen with him—I met the policeman—I was about proceeding to the police-station with the ball, and I met the policeman at the top of the street—Mr. Beasley was not at first refused admission into my house for several minutes—the two gentlemen that came with him were, at first—the sergeant went upstairs with me to examine the place—there was no other stranger there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-70" type="surname" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-70" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BARTHOLOMEW</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of last witness—on the night of 3d December last, a shot came in at my bedroom window—we heard & smash of glass, and my son George picked up a bullet in the room—he gave it to his father.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How was the glass broken 1
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was a large round hole about the size of an orange—the splinters of glass were scat
<lb/>tered about the floor—Mr. Beasley brought two gentlemen that night—I don't recollect one of them, on being shown the bullet and looking at the glass, saying it never was fired out of a rifle, it had been thrown in—there was a small piece cut out of the blind—after the bullet entered the window it struck the blind, and then it struck the wall opposite the window, and then bounded back again as far as the window—it was found nearly underneath the window—it is a brick wall, brick and plaster, papered—the papering was damaged very little; only the size of the shot—it entered the wall about half an inch or three-quarters—it made a hole in the wall that you could put your finger in—I should think it was about twenty minutes after it had been found, that the two gentlemen came in with Mr. Beasley and were shown the bullet—they were not long outside before they were admitted—the policeman was in the house; no one else, but myself, my husband, and family—my husband did not like to let strange gentlemen upstairs into his bedroom.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-71" type="surname" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-71" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BARTHOLOMEW</persName> </hi>. I am the son of he last witness—on the night of 3d December, I was in a room in our house, at the back of the front bedroom—I heard the window broken—I got a light and went into that room, and found the window broken—I looked about and found a shot on the ground—I gave it to my father.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-72" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-72" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>JONATHAN BUTCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 56). I was on duty in the neighbour-hood of h these shooting grounds—I was there on 3d December—I had known the grounds before that—I have seen persons shooting there, and heard the firing also on 3d December, about half-past 8 in the evening—the firing commenced at these grounds some three or four months previously, and continued up to 3d December, when I heard firing, and also received information from the Bart Holmes—I then went to Mr. Beasley, and told him that a bullet had just been fired into the window of Mr. Bartholomew's bedroom, and that he had better cease firing—he went with me into the ground where the firing was—I found about thirty persons there, with rifles; members of different corps, in different uniforms—Mr. Beasley told them to stop firing—I then went close to the target and picked up a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050021"/>
<p>bullet there, which corresponded exactly with the one picked up in the bed-room—I have the bullet here that struck the target; the other two I have unfortunately lost—Mr. Beasley went with me to Mr. Bartholomew's—I saw the hole in the glass, and the broken part of the blind—I saw the hole in the wall next morning—the bullet which was picked up corresponded with the one I picked up by the target—it fitted exactly the hole in the wall—there was some paper adhering to the bullet—I heard two bullets that evening—that was after I went to Mr. Beasley's—the firing recommenced afterwards—Mr. Beasley saw, with me, what had taken place at the house, and was shown the bullet—he went back by himself to his premises, and I stopped in the albert-road for about three or four minutes afterwards—the firing recommenced about two or three minutes after that—it appeared to be a number of rifles—while standing in the albert-road that evening, I heard a bullet whistle by, just over my head—I do not know where it lodged; it went right away—the next one which I heard directly afterwards lodged in a stone heap at the end of the road, about fourteen or fifteen yards from where I was standing—there can be no doubt at all about it—the whistle of these conical balls is peculiar—that I was shown in the room had some of the paper of the room adhering to it—when I heard the balls whistle in the road, I went back to Mr. Beasley, and told him that I distinctly heard two bullets pass me in the albert-road, and that he had better stop firing—he said, "I see you want to make a case of it; stop it if you can"—I went into the grounds that time also, just inside the gate—I observed the riflemen—I should say there were about a dozen of them drunk—they were quite drunk—this would be about 9 o'clock—the place was lighted up—I believe the defendant had not a beer license, but I was not aware of it at the time—they were drawing beer at the premises—I know that beer was being drawn in the house attached to the premises—victoria-park-road would be about 100 yards from the back of the target, drawing a straight line—it runs right across the back of the target—if a bullet goes over the top of the target, there is nothing to intercept it from the road—the victoria-road comes between the target and the victoria-park-road—the victoria-park-road is very much frequented—on the following morning I looked at he stone heap where I had heard the bullet whistle—I found a bullet—the place corresponded with where I heard the noise—it appeared to have been flattened, as if fired.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where is that bullet?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> That I have lost, unfortunately, coming home from the police-court—Mr. Bartholomew saw me take it out of the stone heap—I did not give it in charge to my inspector—I put them into my pocket, and they worked a hole through in coming home from the court—this, having a large end, did not get out—I produced the three bullets before the magistrate—about a quarter of an hour elapsed between' my first and second visit to Mr. Beasley's premises—I found the ten or twelve persons drunk, both on the first and second occasion—I did not count the number of persons there—there were ten or twelve of them drunk—I mean that the persons who were firing were drunk—some were in the volunteer's dress, and some were in plain clothes—some were firing, and some were looking on—I mean to pledge my oath to that—I did not say to Mr. Beasley the first time, "why are you allowing persons who are drunk to fire?"—I said, "you had better stop firing, the bullets are flying ever"—I did not mention about the persons being drunk either time—I saw them drunk—I should say there were about twelve drunk—they were</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050022"/>
<p>the worse for drink; I could see that by their walk; they could not walk straight, nor yet talk—I did no count the others; I could not say the number there within one or two—those who did walk straight I considered were sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-73" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-73" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-73" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN COLLINS</persName> </hi>. I live nearly opposite, at no. 9, in the albert-road—that is one door nearer to the butt than no.—I have heard the firing in these grounds many times; repeatedly: on 3d December, and before that, up to as early as July—I have heard bullets several times, but have never seen them—I have been at my door when I have heard them—they appeared to go into the ground in the albert-road—I have heard that on many occasions.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was it anything more than the report that you heard?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; nothing more—I cannot say that I heard anything more than rifles going off.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you mean you heard the report of the gun?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and I heard the bullet fall into the ground as I thought; I did not see it, but I heard the stones make a noise—I heard something strike the ground.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-74" type="surname" value="KERRISEY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-74" type="given" value="WALTER"/>WALTER KERRISEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">police-inspector, k</hi>). In consequence of complaints made to me, I went to the defendant's premises in august, and saw him—I said, "there have been frequent complaints made to me respecting rifle-shooting in your grounds; bullets have passed over the butt, and across into the Victoria-road, and unless the firing is discontinued, proceedings will be taken against you"—he said, "do all you can, do your best"—afterwards, in the month of September, I was standing in park-road, speaking to a Mrs. Walker residing there, and a bullet passed over my head; it seemed to come from the direction of Mr. Beasley's grounds; I saw persons in the grounds shooting—I went to Mr. Beasley s—they were then firing at what they call the short range, sixty yards from the butt; they were drinking ale, those that I saw firing, I said, "Mr. Beasley, I was standing now in the park-road, and a bullet passed over my head; you had better discontinue firing; or else some person will be shot"—I forget what he said; I think his words were, "I can't stop it," or, "you know I can't stop it, Mr. Kerrisey"—I am not certain to the words exactly—I was present when he was summoned before the magistrate—he ought to have been before the magistrate on 19th December, but he did not appear then—he was there on 28th December—I had not seen him before the magistrate before 3d December—there had been no change in the grounds between the 3d and the 28th—on the 28th he promised that if the commissioners of police would suggest what alterations should be made he would make them—I said to him afterwards, when before the magistrate on 3d January, "the commissioners will not take that responsibility upon themselves, but if you will make such alterations as will prevent danger no proceedings will be taken against you"—he promised to make alterations, and asked to be allowed till 17th January—that was granted—no alteration had been made then—he asked for a month longer—I saw him on the 16th—I called his attention to the state of the but then—he asked for further time—I told him he had better appear before the magistrate to-morrow, and he did so—a month further was then allowed him—no alteration was made then—he was allowed till 14th February, and then till 14th march—he promised to make the alteration by that time—no alteration was made on 16th march, and the magistrate then decided upon sending the case for trial—Mr. Beasley did not appear on 14th march, and the constable obtained a warrant—the indictment was found on 1st April.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Between these different periods nobody was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050023"/>
<p>shot, we may take it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—it does not appear so—there is no any other rifle ground in the immediate neighbourhood of this—there is not one within eight hundred or a thousand yards, that I am aware of—there is one at the "White Lion, Hackney-wick—that is about a mile and a half from Mr. Beasley's—I will undertake to swear there is not one within six hundred or eight hundred yards of his.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-75" type="surname" value="QUILTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-75" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM QUILTER</persName> </hi>. I am a sergeant in the Second Tower Hamlets' Militia—I know the grounds occupied by Mr. Beasley—I had hired them formerly for two or three days from Mr. Beasley—I hired them on 2d August last, and I gave them up on the 6th because they were not safe as regards the public—the butt has been altered since I gave it up—since the time I had it it has been raised above seven feet, but now, in consequence of the wet weather and so on, it is not above five feet—it is not sufficiently high in my opinion—I saw it in December last—it was not much higher then than when I had it—it was dangerous then in my opinion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What does the danger arise from?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not altogether from want of height in the embankment behind, but from the bullets going right and left—I have taken a view of the ground since, and it is not safe—if a bullet went to the right it would perhaps go for half a mile, and perhaps rise a hundred yards—if to the left it would go in the same direction—if fired direct it would be perfectly safe, it might hit the target.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You are now speaking of inaccurate shooters; supposing you shot through there, do you consider it would be safe for you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It would all depend upon the rifle I was shooting with—with a good rifle and perfectly clean it would be safe—if a skilful person was firing through the hole, on 3rd December, even then his bullet might
<hi rend="italic">racochet</hi> from the ground; that might arise from loss of powder in loading—assuming the gun to be properly loaded, and the man to be of reasonable skill, a person qualified for an instructor, even then he might make a mistake and the bullet might
<hi rend="italic">racochet</hi>—I would not answer for my own firing at that distance.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Most of these persons go there because they are not skilful, I suppose?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They go there for practice.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-76" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-76" type="given" value="CAPT GEORGE HENRY"/>CAPT. GEORGE HENRY BOWDEN</persName> </hi>. I am a captain in the Scots Fusilier Guards—I have also been musketry instructor for the last five years; I resigned it in he spring—I was employed by the Government in the winter before last, and the early part of last year, in inspecting the rifle ranges of different volunteer corps, for the express purpose of keeping them free from danger—I inspected the ground in question, not three weeks ago, on Monday week or Monday fortnight—assuming the butt to be seven feet higher than when I saw it, it would certainly not be a safe place for shooting—I should never have passed the range under any circumstances, unless the whole of it was roofed in, and made a covered rifle gallery, so as to be made shot-proof—of course, when a bullet hits the target point blank it is safe; but when it hits the edge and glances off there is danger from
<hi rend="italic">racochet.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What do you suggest for improvement?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I should have the whole place roofed over—if properly roofed over from end to end, it would be safe; if done under my scientific superintendence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-77" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-77" type="surname" value="QUILTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-77" type="given" value="SLEIGH TO ABRAHAM"/>MR. SLEIGH TO ABRAHAM QUILTER</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you took this ground for the purpose of rifle shooting, was not a cutting made under your direction by Mr. Beasley's men?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I thought it was adapted for rifle shooting</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050024"/>
<p>when I took the ground—I thought it required no alteration then; no alterations were made whatever, to my knowledge—there were trifling alterations made, such as placing canvas bags or pieces of canvas from tree to tree—I don't consider that an alteration at all—we only had rifle practice there for two days—I did not commence firing on the day I took it—I was at that time seeking the authority of the Government, to permit me to have rifle practice there, under my individual superintendence, that was not refused—it was not granted in one manner, although I believe it was in another; I ought to have made the application through my own officer, and I omitted to do so—when I complained to Beasley that the ground was unsafe, I left it altogether—I have paid him nothing for the use of the ground; he has not paid what he owes me—I rented the place from him—I took it for a month; on the second day of my firing I found the shots were below the embankment, and the place was not safe—I said, "Will you make alterations, and if you have not the means, I will try and assist you in making the place safe;" but he appropriated the premises to his own purposes, and received the proceeds from the volunteers and put them into his pocket—I went to an expense of 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in putting up targets and so on—I undertook to be responsible for everything which occurred in the ground during the time I had it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">here stated that he could not resist a verdict; and the defendant stating in the hearing of the Jury that he was guilty, the Jury found a verdict of</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-414-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-414-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-414-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that the only object of the prosecutor was to secure the public safety. </hi>
<rs id="t18610505-414-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-414-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-414-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-414-18610505 t18610505-414-punishment-7"/>
<hi rend="italic">The defendant entered into his own recognizance in</hi> 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to appear and receive judgment if called upon.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-415">
<interp inst="t18610505-415" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-415" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-415-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-415-18610505 t18610505-415-offence-1 t18610505-415-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-415-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-415-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-415-18610505" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-415-18610505" type="surname" value="ALDRED"/>
<interp inst="def1-415-18610505" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH ALDRED</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-415-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-415-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-415-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, Stealing a post letter containing a sovereign, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-79" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-79" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-415-offence-1 t18610505-name-79"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-415-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-415-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-415-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-415-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-415-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-415-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-415-18610505 t18610505-415-punishment-8"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-416">
<interp inst="t18610505-416" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-416" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-416-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-416-18610505 t18610505-416-offence-1 t18610505-416-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-416-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-416-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-416-18610505" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-416-18610505" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-416-18610505" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILSON</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-416-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-416-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-416-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18610505-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-81" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-81" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-81" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-416-offence-1 t18610505-name-81"/>Mary Ann Webster</persName>, and stealing therein 1 table-cover, value 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 1 table-cloth, value 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 4 spoons, value 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and other articles.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, Feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-82" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-82" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES ABBOTT</persName> </hi>. On Friday, 12th April, I met the prisoner in Bowen-street, Bromley, about half-past 2 in the afternoon—he had this bundle with him (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I asked him what he had got in the bundle—he said, "My own property"—I said, "Where did you get it from?"—he said, "I shall not satisfy you"—it contained a table-cover, one table-cloth, and one silk skirt—I told him I was a policeman and should take him to the station—the sergeant there asked him how he accounted for the possession of the things, and he said, "I bought them at Petticoat-lane, and gave 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for. them"—I then searched him, and found four spoons, a silver screw, a pair of scissors, a razor, a knife, and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money—he refused to give any address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-83" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-83" type="given" value="ROSA"/>ROSA WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I live at Prospect-place, Kilburn, with my mother, a widow—I recollect on 8th April the drawing-room window being broken open, and some things being taken away—I have seen all these things before—they are my mother's property—I saw them safe on Sunday night, 7th April, and on Monday morning they were missed—there were several</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050025"/>
<p>things missing besides what is here—there was a little money taken—nothing like 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I bought the things of a person in a street leading out of Petticoat-lane. I did not know that they were stolen or I should not have kept them by me a week after the robbery was committed.</p>
<rs id="t18610505-416-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-416-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-416-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-84" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-84" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD MOORE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 40). I produce a certificate—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: "25
<hi rend="italic">th July</hi>, 1860.
<hi rend="italic">Thames Police Court; William Wilson, stealing a jacket, waistcoat, and other property, value</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">of George Cole; Confined Six Months.</hi>")—I was present at the police-court—the prisoner is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-416-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-416-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-416-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-416-18610505 t18610505-416-punishment-9"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-417">
<interp inst="t18610505-417" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-417" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-417-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-417-18610505 t18610505-417-offence-1 t18610505-417-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-417-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-417-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-417-18610505" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-417-18610505" type="given" value="AUSTEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AUSTEN GILBERT</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18610505-417-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-417-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-417-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>Stealing 1 purse, 1 brooch, and two pieces of paper, and 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-86" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-86" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-86" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-417-offence-1 t18610505-name-86"/>John Ives</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t18610505-name-87" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-87" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-87" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-87" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-417-offence-1 t18610505-name-87"/>Mary Ives</persName>, to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-417-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-417-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-417-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-417-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-417-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-417-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-417-18610505 t18610505-417-punishment-10"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-418">
<interp inst="t18610505-418" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-418" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-418-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-418-18610505 t18610505-418-offence-1 t18610505-418-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-418-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-418-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-418-18610505" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-418-18610505" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="def1-418-18610505" type="given" value="JUSTIN MENCHOR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JUSTIN MENCHOR LEVY</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-418-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-418-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-418-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 11 opera-glasses and other goods, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-89" type="surname" value="SPIER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-89" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-418-offence-1 t18610505-name-89"/>Ernest Spier</persName> and another, his masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-90" type="surname" value="SPIER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-90" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST SPIER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">through an interpreter</hi>). I carry on business as an instrument maker, in the Rue Chalot, at Paris, with my brother—we make opera-glasses, and things of that description—in January I engaged the prisoner to travel for us in England—he was to have 2 1/2 francs a day, besides his travelling expenses—the 12 1/2 francs was to go for his support, and his carriage was paid extra—when he left Paris we gave him three boxes of samples—among them were opera-glasses, of different patterns, fourteen microscopes, eighteen eye-glasses, eighteen eye-glass frames, twelve eases of mathematical instruments, some compasses, and achromatic glasses, besides many other things—he was to show them, and to get orders upon them—he had no authority to sell or part with the samples—116
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was the value of them—I gave him 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at starting, and sent him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. afterwards—after he went we, for some time, received letters, and a few orders; rather regularly at first—that regularity ceased from 24th March—he ought to have written twice a week—he continued to write twice a week, nearly, until 24th March, with the exception of once, when it was a fortnight—when I found he was getting irregular I wrote to him—I wrote this letter of 24th March (
<hi rend="italic">This was addressed to the prisoner in London, requesting to hear from him, and directing him to send back the samples</hi>)—I received this letter in answer (
<hi rend="italic">This was dated Black Bull, London</hi>, 30
<hi rend="italic">th March</hi>, 1861,
<hi rend="italic">acknowledging the receipt of the prosecutor's letter, and excusing himself for not having written; stating that he was about representing a house at Stet tin, and requesting to be allowed to continue to act as an agent for the prosecutor. Another letter of the prosecutor's, dated</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">d April, was read, requesting the prisoner to send the samples to the prosecutor's brother-in law in London; and in reply to that a letter dated</hi> 6
<hi rend="italic">th April, stated that he would send the sample-cases to the prosecutor's brother-in-law in London, and that he should be in Paris towards the end of the following week</hi>)—I have seen the samples since I have been in London—I identify these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) as the samples—they are all marked with our mark—some of the marks have been partly obliterated; a portion of the marks remain on—I cannot exactly say what proportion of the instruments we sent out as samples have been recovered; I have not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050026"/>
<p>particularly noticed—about two-thirds have been found—the others I have never seen again—this is one of the cases that the prisoner took them away in; it is fitted up with trays.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Before leaving Paris did not you give me orders to sell the samples before coming back?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I told you in my letter of 24th March not to sell the samples; that was because I had not heard from you for a fortnight, and I began to fear there was something wrong—I have travellers in Paris—they sell their samples before coming back, when I give them orders to do so—the value of the boxes and trays was about 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; but I have not calculated them in the 116
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the trays were made before the boxes—the opera-glasses and telescopes were in the trays, separate—they always have the case with them, because in showing them to get orders it shows them how they fit in, and the manner in which they would be forwarded to them—it is the custom of travellers to take them with them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were all these opera-glasses of the same quality?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, different qualities; the cases are of a different manufacture.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> In December last did you not go on a journey?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was two days away—I did not leave some samples at St. Jean—I do not manufacture the opera-glasses; the mathematical instruments I do—my manufactories are at Paris and at Ligne—at Ligne the manufactory goes under the name of another party, who supplies myself and one other house—I have mathematical instruments made at Ligne and finished of! at Paris—they are fixed in the boxes at Paris—I have them made; I do not make them myself—I can identify these goods because my number and mark are on them—your writing is on the tickets—these are the numbers which you wrote in my presence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do these numbers which the prisoner has asked you about correspond with your entries?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They do—I never allowed any traveller to pledge goods.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-91" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-91" type="surname" value="HINSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-91" type="given" value="ERNEST"/>ERNEST HINSTIN</persName> </hi>. I live at 22, Milk-street, and am a merchant—I am the brother-in-law of Messrs. Spier, of Paris, and act, not as their agent, but as a friend merely—I did on this occasion act as their agent—I occasionally saw the prisoner, when he wanted some money—I gave him 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. between January and March, on account of Messrs. Spier—the last payment was on 22d March—I then gave him 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—in consequence of information, I com
<lb/>municated with the police on 22d April.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> On 22d March, when I was at your place, did you not ask me what my expenses had been on an average?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I talked to you in a general way; I did not ask you that, because I knew very well—I said you had been spending a great deal of money—I remember saying you had been out sixty-two days and spent 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-92" type="surname" value="FOULGER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-92" type="given" value="THEODORE HALSTEAD"/>THEODORE HALSTEAD FOULGER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>). I and Smith, another officer, went on 22d April to the Bull Hotel in Holborn, and the last witness with us; we found three cases similar to those produced—they were empty with the exception of a few trifling articles—after that I went to 14, St Martin's-street, Leicester-square, and saw Mr. Sellingham—I received from him two duplicates relating to a case of mathematical instruments, and eighteen eye-glass frames, pawned at Attenborough's, on 5th April, and one case pawned on 20th April—between 2 and 3 o'clock the next morning Smith and I went to the Elephant coffee-house in Oxford-street—I saw the prisoner there; he was in bed—I told him was charged with illegally dis
<lb/>posing of Messrs. Spier's property—he said, "It is no such thing, I had. a right to do so"—I said, "You had not; who did you dispose of them to?"</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050027"/>
<p>—he said, "To a gentleman in St. Martin's-street—I went with him to 14, St. Martin's-street, and saw a person of the name of Sellingham—I asked Sellingham, in the prisoner's presence, if he had disposed of anything to him—he said, "Yes," and he gave me a bill—this is the bill he produced to me, amounting to 64
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it is, "Edward Sellingham, bought of J. M. Levy, 22, High Holborn, thirty-five opera-glasses, forty boxes of instruments, job lot of magnifiers, twenty telescopes, altogether 64
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; received J. M. Levy, 3/4/61"—That was given me by Mr. Sellingham in the prisoner's presence—he said that he had got the things from Levy, a few at a time, and then used to go and dispose of them under Levy's direction, and return him the money, after deducting his commission—I found under the bed at Selling-ham's, a leather bag, which contains eleven opera-glasses—they are some of the opera-glasses that the prosecutor has seen—they each bear a little piece of card with a number on them—I also received three microscopes and some other property also containing the prosecutor's marks—the prisoner told me he had sold some opera-glasses to a pawnbroker in Farringdon-street—I have seen them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-93" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>). I went with the last witness—amongst other things I found a portmanteau at Sellingham's, and in it I found, amongst other letters, the letters which have been produced and read to-day, dated 24th and 29th March, and 7th April—the prisoner said he was going to Paris that morning—he said the portmanteau was his own—I found some achromatic glasses, and a great quantity of articles, at Sellingham's lodging, in the drawers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-94" type="surname" value="EMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-94" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EMPSON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Black Bull in Holborn—the prisoner came to lodge there about 5th March, and remained until the day previous to his being taken in custody, 15th April, I think—I saw the three sample cases which the constable took possession of afterwards—the prisoner had those with him—I saw Sellingham there—the prisoner and he took away a carpet bag—I did not know the contents—it was full—I had a bill against the prisoner at the time for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—I asked him for it when I saw the things going away—he brought me a portion of it that day, 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and said I should have the other in a day or two; he said he would deliver the goods he had sold, and he should be going away in a day or two, and 1 should have the remainder of the bill—my bill was paid.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Who was it had the carpet bag on the day you mention; was it I or Sellingham?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not you; Sellingham.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did it come empty and go away full?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-95" type="surname" value="LARK"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LARK</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Lawley, of Farringdon-street, pawnbroker—I showed three opera-glasses to Foulger, the constable; the others have been sold since they were purchased—I received seven from the prisoner on 8th March—they were purchased for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the seven.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When were the four sold?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot tell exactly now, I could by referring to our books—one I know was sold for 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and another for 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the others I cannot remember.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did I not sell them to you at the market price, or very near?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You asked a price and I gave it to you—I did not consider it much under the regular price, it was a little under; the goods, I considered were common—I was induced to purchase them because they were a little under price—they were not pledged, but purchased to sell again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-96" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-96" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HAWKINS</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Attenborough, of 93, Charlotte-street, Fitzroy-square, pawnbroker—I produce eighteen eye-glass frames, pawned on 5th April, for 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they are kept in stock for the glasses to be</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050028"/>
<p>fitted in by the customer himself—I have seen the duplicate produced by the officer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Were those goods pawned by me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, nor by the witness I saw at the police-court; by an entirely different party, by Mr. Julian, for Mr. Levy, that was the name given—120, Holborn, is the address on the ticket.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-97" type="surname" value="SLATER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-97" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SLATER</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Sayers, pawnbroker, Brydges street, Covent-garden—I produce a case of mathematical instruments pawned on 20th April for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and eleven microscopes pawned on the same day for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Mr. Sellingham pawned them—the duplicate produced by Foulger corresponds with my duplicate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-98" type="surname" value="SELLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-98" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SELLINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I reside at 14, St. Martin's-street, Leicester-square, and am a commercial traveller—I have known the prisoner five or six years; he is connected with me by marriage—I remember the officers coming to my place—I gave them some articles which I had received from the prisoner—I pawned some microscopes and mathematical instruments—I received them from the prisoner—I pawned them by his desire—the microscope was pledged for 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I paid the money to the prisoner—I received five per cent, commission—the day before the police came to my place, I told him I was frightened the things were not right, that I ought not to sell them—he said, "I have the right to sell them, because I had the order from Mr. Spier before I came from Paris"—so I said to him, "But if Mr. Spier was to tell you I had no right to sell for you, what am I to do?"—he said "You have no business about it; you sell for me, and I will give you a receipt," and the receipt was given to me—I sold for 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. one day, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. another, 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. another day, and gave him the money; and when I told him I liked to have a receipt he gave me the receipt, so that nobody should ask me for the money I had paid once—it was about the beginning of April that he gave it me—the duplicates that I gave to the officer I received from the pawnbrokers for these goods; one I received from the prisoner to fetch it out—the one to Slater was pledged by me, not the eye-glasses—he gave me the money a few days before he went away to France, to take them out and keep for him till he came back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Do you know when I was in London first, about what' date?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think in February—I was at your house in the evening about 9 o'clock, in Essex-street, Strand—when I went there you were in bed—I think that was on a Monday—I do not remember exactly whether it was in January or February—you told me when I came, that day or the day after, that you should have your samples to sell before you went back to Paris—the telescopes and opera-glasses were in no cases; the cases were in another box, like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I do not remember exactly, but I think they were without paper.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner, in a long defence, urged that if he had committed any offence it was not one against the English law, but one for which he could only be answerable in France; that the articles were entrusted to him to obtain orders upon, and then to be disposed of; and that his expenses having exceeded the amount realized by the articles, the prosecutors were in his debt, and he was in no respect answerable to them.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-418-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-418-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-418-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-418-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-418-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-418-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-418-18610505 t18610505-418-punishment-11"/>Confined Fifteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050029"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, May</hi> 7
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1861.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COPELAND</hi>, M.P.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR</hi>. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>; Mr. Ald,
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES LAWRENCE</hi>: and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-419">
<interp inst="t18610505-419" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-419" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-419-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-419-18610505 t18610505-419-offence-1 t18610505-419-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-419-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-419-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-419-18610505" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-419-18610505" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-419-18610505" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY THOMPSON</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-419-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-419-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-419-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin; to which she</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-419-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-419-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-419-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">She had been nine times in custody for similar offences.—
<rs id="t18610505-419-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-419-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-419-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-419-18610505 t18610505-419-punishment-12"/>Four years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-420">
<interp inst="t18610505-420" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-420" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-420-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-420-18610505 t18610505-420-offence-1 t18610505-420-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-420-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-420-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-420-18610505" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-420-18610505" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-420-18610505" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWIN FRY</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-420-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-420-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-420-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-420-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-420-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-420-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-420-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-420-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-420-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-420-18610505 t18610505-420-punishment-13"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-421">
<interp inst="t18610505-421" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-421" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-421-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-421-18610505 t18610505-421-offence-1 t18610505-421-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-421-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-421-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-421-18610505" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-421-18610505" type="surname" value="PROPHET"/>
<interp inst="def1-421-18610505" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN PROPHET</hi> (23)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18610505-421-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-421-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-421-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence; to which she</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-421-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-421-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-421-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-421-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-421-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-421-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-421-18610505 t18610505-421-punishment-14"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-422">
<interp inst="t18610505-422" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-422" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-422-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-422-18610505 t18610505-422-offence-1 t18610505-422-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-422-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-422-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-422-18610505" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-422-18610505" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-422-18610505" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GREEN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-422-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-422-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-422-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CRAWFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-103" type="surname" value="BOND"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BOND</persName> </hi>. I was formerly a police-constable—I produce a certificate—
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>: ("
<hi rend="italic"> Central Criminal Court, Sept. 1860. George Edwards, convicted of uttering two counterfeit half-crowns within two days. Confined Six Months</hi>")—the prisoner is the person—I had him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-104" type="surname" value="SPONG"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-104" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM SPONG</persName> </hi>. I keep the Brown Bear, in Broad-street, Bloomsbury—on Thursday night, 5th April, about five minutes past 12 at night, the prisoner came for a pint of beer, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and gave me a shilling—I bent it with my teeth, and told him it was bad—he gave me a good one, and I gave him the change—I detained him, and gave him in charge with the shilling.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did it pass out of your sight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Out of my hand, but not out of my sight—it did not pass out of the house till I gave it to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-105" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MITCHELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, F</hi> 52). The prisoner was given into my custody at the Brown Bear, with this shilling—I found 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-106" type="surname" value="BOX"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-106" type="given" value="JULIA"/>JULIA BOX</persName> </hi>. My uncle keeps the Red Lion public-house, Shire-lane—on Sunday, 31st March, about half-past 1, the prisoner came, called for a glass of ale, and gave me a bad half crown—I told him it was bad, he-said he did not know it—my uncle bent it with his teeth, and gave the pri
<lb/>soner in charge—I did not lose sight of it—the prisoner had been there about three weeks before, and tried to pass a bad shilling to me, which I refused, and returned it to him without disfiguring it, and he gave me a good sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> How could I be there three weeks before? I was in prison at that time.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was three weeks before, as nearly as I can guess—I am sure you are the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-107" type="surname" value="LOOKER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-107" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS LOOKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, 139 F</hi>). I was called to the Red Lion on 31st March, and the prisoner was given into my charge—he gave his name John Williams—he was taken to Bow-street, remanded till 8th April, then to the 18th, and then discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-108" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-108" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH KNOWLES</persName> </hi>. My husband is the landlord of the Comical Fellows—on 16th April the prisoner came there for a glass of ale—I served him—he gave me a half-crown—I tried it with my teeth, found it was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050030"/>
<p>bad and told him so, asking if he was aware of it—he said, "No; I took it just now"—I gave it back to him—he gave me a good sixpence, and left—I then began to talk to my husband and the people about it, and presently a policeman brought the prisoner back and showed me the half-crown which I had marked with my teeth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-109" type="surname" value="REBBECK"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-109" type="given" value="ABSOLOM"/>ABSOLOM REBBECK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>, 41
<hi rend="italic">P</hi>). On 16th April, I found the prisoner about 200 yards from the Comical Fellows—I told him I he and he had been uttering a bad half-crown—he took a half-crown out of his pocket and said, "That is the half-crown; do you think it is bad?"—I took him back to the house, and he was identified by the landlady—he said that he got it about a week before in Oxford-street, where he pledged a pair of trousers, but did not know the pawnbroker's name or the number of his house—he was taken to Lambeth Police-court, and discharged on the 19th—he gave his name Patrick Dolan.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-110" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to her Majesty's Mint—these two half-crowns are bad, and from one mould, and the shilling is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I received them in change for a sovereign. I was very drunk when I went into the house, and did not know whether they were good or bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-422-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-422-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-422-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-422-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-422-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-422-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-422-18610505 t18610505-422-punishment-15"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-423">
<interp inst="t18610505-423" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-423" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-423-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-423-18610505 t18610505-423-offence-1 t18610505-423-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-423-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-423-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-423-18610505" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-423-18610505" type="surname" value="HYLOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-423-18610505" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH HYLOCK</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-423-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-423-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-423-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CRAWFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-112" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-112" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Bull's Head, Wapping—on 11th April, the prisoner came for half a pint of half-and-half, and gave me a six-pence—I gave her 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change and directly she was outside the door I tried it with my teeth, went after her, and told her it was bad—she said nothing—I took her to the station and gave the sixpence to a constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> You put the sixpence in the till?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not; I kept it in my hand, and am positive it is the same
<hi rend="smallCaps">DANIEL RAY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Thames-policeman</hi>, 28). I received the prisoner and this sixpence (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—she gave her address, 24, Noble-street, Clerkenwell—I inquired there, but she was not known—I only found 5 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. on her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-113" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-113" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>AMELIA RICHARDSON</persName> </hi>. I live with my sister at the Hope public-house, John-street, Smithfield—on 8th March the prisoner came for half a quartern of gin, which came to 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—she gave me a florin—I gave her the change, and she left—I kept it in my hand, found directly that it was bad, and put it on a shelf, where it remained for about an hour—about a week afterwards, 1 saw my sister throw it in the fire, and I saw it melt—on 16th March, the prisoner came again for a glass of porter, and gave my sister a shilling—she bent it, and returned it, and the prisoner gave her a good one—I spoke to Strut, the barman—the prisoner came again on 23d, and Strut called me and showed me a bad shilling in the prisoner's presence—I told her it was bad; she said that she did not know it—Strut put the shilling down', the prisoner took it up, and I took it from her, saying that it was bad, and that she had been there two or three times before, and I should give her in charge, which I did—she was discharged at the police-office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-114" type="surname" value="STRUTT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-114" type="given" value="CORNELIUS"/>CORNELIUS STRUTT</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Hope—on 23d March the prisoner came for half a quartern of gin, and gave me a bad shilling—I had seen her on the Kith, when she tried to pass a bad shilling to my mistress—I told Miss Richardson—I laid down the shilling—the prisoner took it up, and Miss Richardson took it from her directly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-115" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-115" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>, 138
<hi rend="italic">G</hi>). I took the prisoner on 23d March, and received this bad shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from Miss Richardson—the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050031"/>
<p>was searched by the female searcher, who found a good florin and shilling on her—she gave her name Sarah Hylock, 24, Compton-street, Clerkenwell—I inquired there, but could learn nothing of her—she was taken to Clerkenwell police-court on the 25th, remanded till the 27th, and then to the 3d April, when she was discharged.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-116" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These coins are both bad—a good shilling will not melt in an ordinary fire.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I did not know that they were bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-423-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-423-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-423-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-423-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-423-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-423-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-423-18610505 t18610505-423-punishment-16"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-424">
<interp inst="t18610505-424" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-424" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-424-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-424-18610505 t18610505-424-offence-1 t18610505-424-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-424-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-424-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-424-18610505" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-424-18610505" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-424-18610505" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE WILLIAMS</hi> (36)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18610505-424-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-424-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-424-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CRAWFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-118" type="surname" value="CHISNALL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-118" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN CHISNALL</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Nor they arms public-house, Limehouse—the prisoner came there on 23d march for a glass of ale—I served her—she gave me a florin—I gave her 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. Out and she left—a Mrs. Wilson came in for her supper beer at the time, and gave me a half-crown, and I gave her that florin in change—It had not been out of my hand before I gave it to her—she left, and came back in about five minutes—from what she said, I found that it was bad—I gave her two shillings for it—I laid the florin by, separate from other money—I gave it to the constable, Bryant, on 15th April, on which day I saw the prisoner again—she came between 9 and 10 o'clock in the evening, called for a glass of ale, and tendered me another florin—I put it in my teeth, and found it was bad—I bent it in the detector, and laid it on the counter—I said, "it is a bad one, and you are the person that passed me one two or three weeks ago"—she snatched it up, and ran out of the house—my husband went after her, and brought her back with the police—when she came back she said she had never been in the house, and had no knowledge of it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> How can you say that you had taken it on 23d march, when you told the policeman you took it two or three weeks ago; and then the policeman told you to try and remember?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I did say it was two or three weeks ago: the policeman said, "do you recollect the date?" And I said, "yes, I do; it was the 23d March"—I did not say that I gave the policeman the two-shilling piece the night before—I did not say, "you are very much like a woman that has been here two or three weeks ago, and gave me a two-shilling piece;" I said "you are the person"—I did not state on oath that the piece was marked on the 23d—I did on the 23d march ask you for the change of the two-shilling piece—nothing of the sort was mentioned—I did not say that if you did not return me the change of the half-crown I would lock you up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOKE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you put the coin down as bad, on 15th April, did she run away?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I told her she had been there before—my husband was present.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did the policeman call you into a private room on 15th April?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; 1 marked the piece on 15th April, and not on 23d march—(
<hi rend="italic">the witness's deposition, being read, stated</hi>, "a few minutes afterwards Mrs. Wilson brought me lock a florin, and from what she said I found it was bad; I put it away by itself, and kept it till 15th April, when I gave it to the constable grimes, who now produces it.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-119" type="surname" value="CHISNALL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-119" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH CHISNALL</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Nor they arms. On 15th April I saw my wife receive a two-shilling piece, put it in the trier, bend it, and put it on the counter—she said, "this is a bad one, and you are the same party that passed one to me three or four weeks ago"—the prisoner took it up from the counter, and ran out of the house—she had not drunk</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050032"/>
<p>the ale—I ran out after her, and caught her twenty or thirty yards from the house—I took hold of her, and said, "you have passed a bad two-shilling piece to my wife"—she said, "let me go, let me go; I am a poor unfortunate girl; I only came up from ports mouth the day before"—I said, "I will let you go as soon as the constable comes, and I shall give you in charge"—she begged hard of me after that to let her right hand go, which I was silly enough to do—she put it up to her mouth, and the people cried to me, "look at the woman, she is choking"—I looked at her, and she was quite black, and then she begged of me to let her go—she said, "a man gave me the two-shilling piece by the church"—I took her back to the house, and then she swore that she had never been in my house at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-120" type="surname" value="GRIMES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GRIMES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, k</hi> 291). I found the prisoner at the beer-shop of the last witness—she was given into custody—I produce a counterfeit florin, which I had from Mrs. Chisnall—the prisoner said she had not been there—I asked her where she lived—she said that she had got no home, that she only came up from ports mouth the night previous—when she was searched, there was found on her a good half-crown and three farthings.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Had not you the half-crown in your hand in front of the bar?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—you did not tell me not to give it to the landlady to take the change of a two-shilling piece out of it—I returned it to you, and you placed it in your pocket, and I then said, "you must go to the station."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I asked him what charge he had against me; I went to the station-house with him; as they were going along the road, he and the prosecutor were stopping in different parts of the road, settling how they would make the statement up.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> That is not so—there was another constable behind—he did not refuse to take you; he was never asked—we did not remain about an hour in the office before we could make up our minds whether we would enter the charge or not—you did not beg of me to come to your lodgings at a coffee-house in Lambeth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-121" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-121" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-121" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN WILSON</persName> </hi>. I was at the Nor they arms on 23d march last, and saw the prisoner there—I got a florin in change for a half-crown from Mrs. Chisnall—I left, and took the florin away with me—I found out that it was bad directly I got indoors—I live right opposite—I took it back, and gave it back to Mrs. Chisnall—It was never out of my hand—I am quite sure it was the same one she had given me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-122" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad florin.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's defence.</hi> I have never been in the house in my life. I called for a glass of ale, and she said, "you are very much like the woman that was here two or three weeks ago, and passed a bad two-shilling piece;" and she said that if I did not give her back the change she would give me in custody. I went to the station with the policeman. I told the inspector I was not aware that she had taken a bad two-shilling piece, and that I would not give her change for what I knew nothing about. I told him I was living with my friends, who kept a coffee-house in Lambeth.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-424-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-424-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-424-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-424-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-424-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-424-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-424-18610505 t18610505-424-punishment-17"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-425">
<interp inst="t18610505-425" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-425" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-425-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-425-18610505 t18610505-425-offence-1 t18610505-425-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-425-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-425-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-425-18610505" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-425-18610505" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-425-18610505" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN JONES</hi> (21)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18610505-425-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-425-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-425-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CRAWFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-124" type="surname" value="CROWSON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-124" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA CROWSON</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps a coffee-house at 10, west Smithfield—the prisoner came there alone on 9th April, about 5 o'clock in the afternoon, and had a cup of tea and a slice of bread and butter—he gave a bad shilling—I sent for a policeman and gave him in charge, with the shilling—I had seen the prisoner before that, on the 4th—he was served then with half a pint of coffee and two slices of bread and butter—he gave a two-shilling piece—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050033"/>
<p>Miss Sparks served him then—she brought me the two-shilling piece, and I gave her in change a shilling, a sixpence, and fourpence in copper, good money—she came back two or three minutes after to change the shilling; he did not like the look of it, and said, would I please to give him another—I changed it—I found it was a bad shilling—I put it in the detector, bent it, and put it in the fire—that was within a quarter of an hour after the time he had left—I did not put it in the till at all—I had a suspicion at the time I changed it, and I kept it in my hands till I threw it in the fire—I did not observe it melt; I had a large fire, and I was busy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> She said at Guildhall that she thought I was the man.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I was quite positive—I did not tell the policeman that I only thought so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How did you bend the shilling?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In a detector; it bent pretty easily.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOKE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you certain the money you gave Miss Sparks was a good shilling?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, quite certain.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-125" type="surname" value="SPARES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-125" type="given" value="EMILY"/>EMILY SPARES</persName> </hi>. I am waitress at a coffee-house in West Smithfield—on 4th April I served the prisoner with half a pint of coffee and two slices of bread and butter, which came to two pence—he gave me a two shilling piece—I gave it to my mistress for change, and gave him a shilling, a sixpence, and fourpence in copper—in one or two minutes he said, "I do not much like the look of this shilling, will you please to change it?"—I had in the meantime been serving another customer at the next table—I took it to my mistress, brought another back and gave to him—he then went away—four days afterwards, on the 8th, he came again, at 7 o'clock in the morning, and had half a pint of coffee and a slice—he gave me a shilling in payment—I took it, tried it, found it bad, gave it back to him, and asked him if he had any more money—he said he had only a penny—I took the bread and butter from him, and took the penny for the coffee—he came again the next day at ten minutes past 5—I knew him, and spoke to my mistress about him—he was sitting near the door that time—he gave the money to me, and I gave it to my mistress—it was a bad shilling—she bent it—I am sure he is the man that was there the three times I served.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-126" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-126" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LEWIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman</hi>, 262). I took the prisoner in charge on 9th April—I took him to the station-house and searched him—I found no money on him—I got this bad shilling (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from Mrs. Crowson.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> On 10th April, when you were taking me by Smithfield, did you not say to me, "Mrs. Crowson thinks you are the party that was in there a day or two ago, and rung the changes on her for a counterfeit shilling?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-127" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This coin is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> On 9th March I went from Billingsgate-marke to Charles-street, Westminster; I had about 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in my pocket. I got drinking up there, and playing at skittles. I played a man for sixpence and a pint of ale, and I lost; on the last two games I lost a shilling, and had two pints of ale to pay for. I said, "Here, take your shilling and give me eighteen pence out of this half-crown, and we will have two pots more, and then go home." On my coming home I went into this lady's shop. I was sitting down eating and the policeman came in and took me. Do you think, if I intended to get my living by uttering, I should go in two days running, with counterfeit shillings? I must be sure that she would know me or lock me up. I can prove where I was; I was not in the city all day long; at the time she charges me I was at Stepney fair. I am perfectly innocent of what I am charged with.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050034"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-425-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-425-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-425-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—(
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner stated that he had been before convicted, in</hi> 1859,
<hi rend="italic">in the name of Smith; and that he wished to have four years' penal servitude, in order to be freed from his present companions).—
<rs id="t18610505-425-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-425-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-425-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-425-18610505 t18610505-425-punishment-18"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-426">
<interp inst="t18610505-426" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-426" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-426-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-426-18610505 t18610505-426-offence-1 t18610505-426-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-426-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-426-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-426-18610505" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-426-18610505" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-426-18610505" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE LANE</hi> (38)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-426-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-426-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-426-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-129" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-129" type="given" value="JAMES DUFF"/>JAMES DUFF GRANT</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the Oriental Bank—I acted as cashier on 23d June, when a bill of exchange was presented for payment—I cannot say whether the prisoner is the person—I believe it had the endorsement—I should not have paid it without—it is payable to the order of Thomas Barnes—I paid it with this 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, No. 97298, April 27, 1860 (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and three sovereigns—it must have been endorsed by the payee.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You merely say that that endorsement was on the bill, because it is your custom only to pay a bill which is properly endorsed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-130" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-130" type="given" value="RICHARD ADYE"/>RICHARD ADYE BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I produce this note from the Bank of England; it was paid in on 3d July, 1860.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-131" type="surname" value="SHOREY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-131" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SHOREY</persName> </hi>. I am with Mr. West, an ironmonger, of the City-road—I have known the prisoner seven years—he paid me a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note last year; I cannot recollect the date, but my employer paid it into the bank on 2d July—I cannot swear to the note, but the prisoner put his name on the back of it in the shop, and I believe this is his writing—it is something like the "L" of Lane, but it is over a stamp.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is he a cabinet-maker?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and I always understood that he carried on business on his own account—I have not been intimate with him—I have seen his writing on bills sent to our place—I can swear that the "Geo. Lane" at the back of this bill is his writing—I do not know his friend Thomas Barnes—this "Thos. Barnes" written on the back of the note, I know nothing about—it is different writing and different ink.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-132" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-132" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BARNES</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to a jeweller in Newington-causeway—my brother-in-law, Henry Wilkins, of New Zealand, owes me money—this bill of exchange in the name of Henry Wilkins is my correspondent's bill—this endorsement, Thomas Barnes, is neither written by me, or by my authority, or knowledge—the prisoner is my brother-in-law—this "George Lane" on the back of the bill is, to the best of my belief, his writing—it came to my knowledge that it had arrived, and had been cashed at the Oriental Bank—the prisoner did not come to me till after I had put the law in motion—he then came with his brother, and said that he had come to know what terms I would come to—I said that I had written to the bank, and before I could do anything I must write to the bank authorities again—he said, "I will pay you in two months"—I said, "That will do for me if it will do for the bank, but I am afraid it is too late"—the brother said that I could not do anything until Wilkins came home, and wanted to know when he should see me again—I said that he might call on Saturday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was your brother present as well as his brother?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—they did not come to me again—I only saw the prisoner after that when I went with the detective—nothing was said about my receiving 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on Saturday, or about my receiving two instalments before June—I have known the prisoner eight or nine years; he and I married sisters—I lived with him about six weeks—I have not had more than two dealings with him—I believe he has lent me half-a-crown—on my oath I owe him nothing for board and lodging—I was lodging at his house last Christmas</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050035"/>
<p>twelvemonth—we were not, after that, on very intimate terms—we have had no quarrel and I do not know that our wives have—they were on good terms till last night—the prisoner separated from his wife in January, this year—I had a note, in January, from my uncle, stating that the money had been sent to George Lane, and that he had sent back to say that he had received it and would send back a receipt for it—I did not go to see him afterwards—I wrote him a note, but got no answer—I knew where he lived; 6, Bird port-lane, but when he was apprehended he lived at 51, Banner-street—I never went to him; his wife was at my house, and I said that I should inquire into it—she did not go to the bank or write there to my knowledge; I have heard nothing about it—I never heard that my wife and his wife gave information to the bank—the only other transactions I have had with him are selling him a brooch and a watch—the half-crown I borrowed of him is the greatest amount of money I ever owed him—I called on the prisoner in December, to see if any letter had come for me, and told him I had written to Henry Wilkins; he said that I was never to expect the money till I got it—I had talked to him, it may have been a twelvemonth before, about the money which was owing to me, and I may have said during the twelvemonth that I expected to receive it—we have never had any conver
<lb/>sation about the disposal of other money—he was in difficulties at the beginning of last year, but I did not offer to help him—he did not tell me about his difficulties, but his wife did; she never asked me if any money arrived from Wilkins to be allowed to use it—the only conversation that arose about the matter was, that I told her that her husband had received my money and I should see into it—no conversation ever passed about his making use of it—his wife was not living at my house, she lived at 10, Grange-street, Hoxton, about half a mile off—she was on very friendly terms with my wife, but the prisoner and I have not spoken since our wives have been parted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he leave his wife, or did she leave him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot say; but they are not living together—the first information I had about the money having been received in London, was the communication from my uncle in January, this year—up to that time I was not aware that the bill had been received—I told my uncle that the prisoner had received this money and given a receipt for it—I then wrote a note to the prisoner about the end of January or beginning of February, saying, "I have a letter in my possession which says that the 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has been sent to you, and unless you send it to me in a few days I shall put it into other hands"—I never received any reply till April, when I took active steps about it, and never saw him again till he called and asked me to compromise it—the half-crown was lent when I was out of a situation and my wife was confined, and I went round and asked his wife to lend me half a crown—there is no pretence for the suggestion that I authorized him to receive money or appropriate it to his own use.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-133" type="surname" value="PURSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-133" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PURSELL</persName> </hi>. I am a detective officer—I received information and went with Mr. Barnes to apprehend the prisoner—his brother was with him and I said, "I have come concerning a bill of exchange for 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which has been presented for payment"—his brother said, "I thought that matter could be arranged; it is quite a family affair"—I said, "If that is the case, you had better both accompany me to the Oriental Bank"—they did so—I told the prisoner, going along, that he had no occasion to give any explanation, but whatever he said would be used against him—the only explanation</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050036"/>
<p>he afforded to the Magistrate was, that he did not want to pay the bill to his brother, and he said, "I want to settle it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18610505-426-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-426-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-426-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his good character, and the probable temptation of poverty.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-426-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-426-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-426-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-426-18610505 t18610505-426-punishment-19"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, May</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1861.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BARON CHANNELL</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE WILLES</hi>;
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR JAMES DUKE</hi>, Bart. M.P. Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HALE</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Willes.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-427">
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<interp inst="def1-427-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-427-18610505" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-427-18610505" type="surname" value="RENSCH"/>
<interp inst="def1-427-18610505" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN RENSCH</hi> (31)</persName>, was indicted for
<rs id="t18610505-427-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-427-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-427-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> stealing, whilst employed under the Post-office, 2 post letters containing half of a 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. bank note; 7 halves of 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes; and 8 halves of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes, the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-135" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-135" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-427-offence-1 t18610505-name-135"/>Her Majesty's Postmaster-General</persName>; and </rs>
<persName id="def2-427-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-427-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-427-18610505" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-427-18610505" type="surname" value="RENSCH"/>
<interp inst="def2-427-18610505" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN RENSCH</hi> (31)</persName>, was indicted for
<rs id="t18610505-427-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-427-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-427-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN RENSCH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-427-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-427-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-427-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-427-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-427-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-427-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-427-18610505 t18610505-427-punishment-20"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, offered no evidence against</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN RENSCH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-427-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-427-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-427-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-428">
<interp inst="t18610505-428" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-428" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-428-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-428-18610505 t18610505-428-offence-1 t18610505-428-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-428-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-428-18610505 t18610505-428-offence-1 t18610505-428-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-428-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-428-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18610505" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18610505" type="surname" value="MUNTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-428-18610505" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MUNTON</hi> (50)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-428-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-428-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-428-18610505" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-428-18610505" type="surname" value="LITTON"/>
<interp inst="def2-428-18610505" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN LITTON</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-428-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-428-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-428-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18610505-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-139" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-139" type="given" value="LEVI"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-428-offence-1 t18610505-name-139"/>Levi Clarke</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DICKIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-140" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-140" type="given" value="LEVI"/>LEVI CLARKE</persName> </hi>. I am landlord of the Green Man public-house, Hoxton—on the morning of Wednesday, 17th April, I was called out of bed about 2 o'clock by a policeman, and my attention directed to the cellar-flap—I found it raised—the policeman told me somebody was in the cellar—I went down and found the two prisoners in the cellar—the cellar-flap had been secured the night before with two bolts, one on each side.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Munton. Q.</hi> Was there a bolt on the front of the flap?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; on the side, not outside, but inside—the blacksmith had been at work that night putting on a chain—the bolts on the flap are not old and rusty—if the front of the flap is lifted, the bolts will work in the sockets at each side.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this a cellar that communicates with your dwelling-house—can you get into the cellar from the dwelling-house?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; you have to come up the stairs—the flap is level with the street—it fastens with two bolts, one on each side—the cellar-door, communicating with the house, was not interfered with—the bolts of the flap must have been forced—there were some marks as if they had been forced from the wood-work—the wood work was not at all interfered with.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Munton. Q.</hi> Is there a hole in front of the flap, that would admit a hand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-141" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-141" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BARKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 524). On 17th April, at half-past 1 in the morning, I was on duty in High-street, Hoxton—I tried the prosecutor's cellar-flap at that time—when I came round at 2, I observed the dust had been pulled out on each side—I listened for some minutes and heard the two prisoners in the bottom of the cellar—I obtained assistance, and called the landlord up—I was admitted by the potman, and followed the landlord down into the cellar—Munton met me at the front of the door of the stair-case leading up to the dwelling-house—I went down by that communication with the house—on searching the cellar I found Litton on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050037"/>
<p>top of some butts, three butts high, lying with his face downwards, so that I could scarcely see him—I took the prisoners to the station—on searching Litton I found some matches and a knife—on Munton I found some matches—on going back to the cellar and searching, I found some matches that had been alight, also a candle by the side of them, and a pocket-knife.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Litton. Q.</hi> You say you tried the flap at half-past 1?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I tried it with my hand—there is a hole sufficient to get your hand in where the rope comes—it is worn away—I tried it by the front.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-142" type="surname" value="ROYSTON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-142" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM ROYSTON</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Messrs. Calvert, brewers—they serve the prosecutor's house with beer—on the afternoon of 15th April, I was down in that cellar—I removed the two bolts which fasten the flap down—I let down the barrels and afterwards fastened the flap the same as I found it—I am quite sure of that.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Munton's Defence.</hi> We are unprepared with legal advice to assist us, and I hope you will pay attention to what the witnesses, have said. The prosecutor states there is no hole in front of the flap; the constable tells us there is a hole where he put his hand down and tried it; the bolts on the flap are at the back; there is no necessity for any breaking to raise the flap, because there is no fastening to the front; the blacksmith had been at work. You can't rely on this evidence as to breaking; then, as to his dwelling-house, it is not his dwelling-house; the flap is on the pavement in the street, ten yards from his dwelling; you have to go up a flight of stairs, and go into another house, so it has nothing to do with his house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-143" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-143" type="given" value="LEVI"/>LEVI CLARKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). You can get down from my house into the cellar—you walk along the passage, unlock the cellar-door, and walk down.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MUNTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-428-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-428-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-428-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-428-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-428-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-428-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-428-18610505 t18610505-428-punishment-21"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LITTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-428-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-428-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-428-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>Litton was further charged with having been before convicted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-144" type="surname" value="BUSTARD"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-144" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BUSTARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 59). I produce a certificate. (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "Westminster, 18th October, 1858. William King, alias Joseph Dynes, convicted of stealing 2 sets of scales of Frederick Alexander.—Confined Eighteen Months.</hi>") The prisoner is the person named in that certificate—I am certain of it—I had him in custody.—
<hi rend="largeCaps">LITTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-428-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-428-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-428-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-428-18610505 t18610505-428-punishment-22"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-429">
<interp inst="t18610505-429" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-429" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-429-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-429-18610505 t18610505-429-offence-1 t18610505-429-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-429-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-429-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18610505" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18610505" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-429-18610505" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH SMITH</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-429-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-429-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-429-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously attempting to discharge a loaded pistol at one
<persName id="t18610505-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-146" type="surname" value="HOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-146" type="given" value="ALFRED COY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-429-offence-1 t18610505-name-146"/>Alfred Coy Howse</persName>, with intent to kill and murder him;
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-147" type="surname" value="HOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-147" type="given" value="ALFRED COY"/>ALFRED COY HOWSE</persName> </hi>. I am a miller and baker, residing at Three Coltlane, Bishopsgate—the prisoner carries on the same sort of trade—he is my wife's sister's husband—I had, for some two months before, joint dealings with him in business—we were together three weeks—the amount of profits were not sufficient and he left me—he did not tell me he was going to leave—on 22d April, about 8 in the evening, he came to my house—he said he had come there to obtain satisfaction from me—I asked him for what, and he said he could settle with me outside—we were then standing at the street-door—I asked him inside, and he came in—he then began to abuse me in a most shameful manner; said I had taken his trade away, and swore at me a great deal—I said it was false, and whatever he might have heard it was untrue, I did no such thing, and if he could bring any one forward, to do so—he continued to abuse me—I told him it was no use going on in that way before the children, if he had no more to say the interview was at an end—with that I got up and walked to the street-door—he followed me, and began to abuse me again outside—while he was doing so a friend went by, and I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050038"/>
<p>ran to him to speak to him about selling a horse—I returned, and the wind had blown the street-door to—the prisoner was still standing at the door—I was in the act of putting up my hand to knock at the door and he said, "Take that," and put a pistol to my ear—I caught sight of it and dropped my hand from the knocker and knocked it down—I jumped from the step (there is one step at the street-door), and made a grab at the pistol—he raised it again and knocked my hat off—I was so flurried that I ran away—I made no further effort to get possession of the pistol—when he raised the pistol at me again I ran behind two men, and my daughter came out at the time—he raised the pistol in the direction of me, and I ran behind the two men and asked them to protect me as the man was trying to shoot me—in raising it he pointed in the direction I ran—he was, perhaps, as far as I am from you at the time—I saw my daughter lay hold of him, and I ran round the next street—I did not see him again till he was in custody of the police, about three or four minutes afterwards—I did not see the state of the pistol or hear anything connected with it till I got to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> You say you knocked the pistol from my hand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> He never touched the pistol at all; I did present it at him, but not with intent to fire it at him; I had been drinking; he had been telling parties I had absconded from my wife and children. I took him in as a partner and he cheated me out of my profits, that is why I left him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is there any truth in that statement, that you have done anything to injure him in his business?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not the slightest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-148" type="surname" value="HOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-148" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE HOWSE</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness—on the evening of 22d April I was standing at the door of the house when my father and the prisoner were there—I saw the prisoner put the pistol up to my father's head, and my father knocked it down—the prisoner put it up a second time and knocked his hat off—I did not hear the prisoner say anything—when he put up the pistol the second time my father ran away, and the prisoner crossed over to his barrow (he had a barrow there)—I did not see what he did with the pistol—he took up his barrow and walked round two or three streets—I followed him till we came to a policeman and then gave him in charge.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> You did not come out of the gate till after this was over, till your father told you to follow me.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I came out at the side gate and saw you put up the pistol.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-149" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-149" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL WHITE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 471). On the evening of 22
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. April, the last witness gave me some information and pointed out the prisoner to me, in consequence of which I took him into custody, searched him, and found the pistol in his left hand trousers-pocket—I took him to the station and there examined the pistol—the charge was drawn in my presence—I saw that it was loaded with powder and shot, and a cap on it—there was rather a full charge of powder and about twenty shot—I found some more shot and caps on him—those caps and shot will fit the pistol—it was cocked when I gave it to the inspector at the station—he took the cap off it—it was un cocked when I found it on the prisoner—he denied doing the deed—he said he wished it had proved fatal.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> It is false; I said no such thing.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> You said it in the presence of the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you clear in your recollection as to that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—he did use those words—the inspector is not here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was the prisoner drunk or sober?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He was sober.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's statement before the Magistrate was here read as follows</hi>: "I did present the pistol, but with no intention to hurt him."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050039"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I can assure you that I had been drinking, which is a thing I was not in the habit of doing. I was so aggravated, and one thing and another, I know not how the pistol came into my possession, nor yet its contents. When I came to my brother-in-law's we had a few words about taking my connexion away, which, I believe, some shopkeepers here can prove. I was never in prison before in my life; I have a wife and seven children dependent upon me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-429-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-429-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-429-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-430">
<interp inst="t18610505-430" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-430" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-430-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-430-18610505 t18610505-430-offence-1 t18610505-430-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-430-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-430-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18610505" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18610505" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-430-18610505" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH SMITH</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18610505-430-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-430-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-430-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> for unlawfully attempting to shoot
<persName id="t18610505-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-151" type="surname" value="HOWSE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-151" type="given" value="ALFRED COY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-430-offence-1 t18610505-name-151"/>Alfred Coy Howse</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi> for a common assault.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner</hi>
<rs id="t18610505-430-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-430-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-430-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the second count, and an acquittal was taken on the first.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-430-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-430-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-430-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-430-18610505 t18610505-430-punishment-23"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-431">
<interp inst="t18610505-431" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-431-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-431-18610505 t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-431-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-431-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-431-18610505 t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-431-verdict-3"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-431-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-431-18610505 t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-431-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-431-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-431-18610505 t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-431-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-431-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-431-18610505 t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-431-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-431-charge-6" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-431-18610505 t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-431-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-431-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-431-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18610505" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18610505" type="surname" value="COKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-431-18610505" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COKER</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-431-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-431-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-431-18610505" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-431-18610505" type="surname" value="COKER"/>
<interp inst="def2-431-18610505" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN COKER</hi> (23)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-431-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-431-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-431-18610505" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def3-431-18610505" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="def3-431-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES TUCKER</hi> (21)</persName>,
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def4-431-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-431-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def4-431-18610505" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="def4-431-18610505" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN WELSH</persName>,
<persName id="def5-431-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def5-431-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def5-431-18610505" type="surname" value="WELSH"/>
<interp inst="def5-431-18610505" type="given" value="ELLEN"/> ELLEN WELSH</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def6-431-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def6-431-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def6-431-18610505" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="def6-431-18610505" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MORLEY</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18610505-431-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>Robbery, with violence, on
<persName id="t18610505-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-158" type="surname" value="BESSETT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-158" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-431-offence-1 t18610505-name-158"/>James Bessett</persName>, and stealing from him 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in money and an eye-glass, his property.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-159" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-159" type="surname" value="BESSETT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-159" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BESSETT</persName> </hi>. I am a French gentleman and an English merchant—I have resided in England twenty-four years—I live at East Pavilion, Sloane-street—on Monday, 15th April, I left the goods department of the Eastern Counties railway at a quarter-past 5—I took a cab and three minutes after I was in the cab I fell among these people; the cab was broken and fell down—on getting out of the cab I was immediately stopped by Morley, the one nearest to me, and immediately Mary Ann Welsh came and tried to unbutton my coat—I had the same coat on which I have now—they were all six of them after me—this was in Lower Keate-street, and about twenty minutes past 5—I struggled with them all and some who were behind me, about two or three minutes, with my hands, and crying as much as I could for help, but it appears that in that street they are all thieves, and no one came to my help—there were a great many people there—then Coker, after having unbuttoned my coat, succeeded in putting his hand in my right-hand trousers pocket, and Mary Ann Welsh put her hand in my left pocket, assisted very actively by Ellen Welsh, and they were saying, "Quick! Quick!"—when Coker put his hand into my right pocket I felt my keys, and some receipts, and all the bank notes taken from it—I had 70
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. notes—they are all in the hands of the policeman—they were in my right-hand pocket—12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, and a small bag were in my left—Mary Ann Welsh took that, assisted very actively by Ellen Welsh—the man Tucker took my gold chain, and snapped it from me—the ring went, fortunately leaving the watch in the bottom of my pocket, but at the moment I thought it was gone—I could see them very distinctly, because I was standing pushing at them—the Cokers were taken up first to the police-court, the same day—I recognised them again—I am quite sure that these are the people—I must state that during the time they were busy about me, the one in the black dress, Ann Coker, was throwing something red before my face—I do not know whether it was a handkerchief or an apron—I stopped the notes that very morning at 9 o'clock—I have not recovered the gold since, or an eye glass which I lost—I lost my hat in the struggle—they beat me on the back, and the more I struggled the more they pressed upon me, and beat me—Tucker snatched my chain—they were all struggling, but these two women did not leave me a second—they were at me exactly like dogs, and they stopped my voice with</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050040"/>
<p>their hands—when they had robbed me the policeman came up, and they ran away—they tried to knock me down, but I resisted.</p>
<hi rend="italic">John Coker.</hi> He stated at first that this woman (
<hi rend="italic">Ann Coker</hi>) took his chain, and then that Tucker took it, and at the police-court he said the woman shoved the red cloth in his mouth; now he says she only pushed it before him (
<hi rend="italic">The witness's deposition was put in and read; it agreed with his evidence</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Which hand did I put in your pocket?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Your right hand—the woman put something red against my face—I can't say what it was.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann Welsh. Q.</hi> How do you know me; I was not there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You were without a bonnet—I know you, and I was surprised to see a young girl like you at me like a dog—you were the most active in the matter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Ellen Welsh. Q.</hi> You said before the Magistrate I put my fingers in your mouth?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not in my mouth—I felt your fingers against my mouth.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Morley. Q.</hi> Did not the policeman point me out to you in the yard?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I described you to the policeman—you were taken five or six days afterwards—I saw you in the prison among four or five others—I pointed you out at once.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-160" type="surname" value="FLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-160" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FLOYD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 114). I was near Keate-street, on Monday, 15th April, about twenty minutes, or from that to half-past 5—my attention was called to a male voice crying out, "Help! police! I am robbed!"—I went to the bottom of Keate-street, lending into Lower Keate-street—I was from fifteen to twenty yards off when I first heard the cry—I saw a cab broken down in Lower Keate-street, against the corner—I then went up to see what was the matter, still hearing the voice crying not," Police! I am robbed!"—I saw the prosecutor going away from the mob, and I also saw the female Coker running away from the mob—she ran into a lodging-house, in the same street, followed by the male Coker—just before he went into the lodging-house door, I saw him pull a handful of notes or papers of some description, I could not distinguish whether they were notes or what they were, out of his right-hand pocket, he looked at them, and put them in again, and then he ran into the door—I should have been soon enough to have taken him into custody then, only there was such a mob, I could not get through the mob, and in those streets they stop a policeman as soon as they can see them after any person—I then followed the last witness—before I came up to him I saw a boy kicking his hat about the street—he is not in custody—I picked the hat up and took it to the prosecutor—I asked him if that was his hat, and he said, "Yes"—he was in a very exhausted state—his mouth was bleeding—he made a complaint to me, and he went with me to the police-station—on going there I found this piece of chain (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) hanging round his neck, underneath his coat—I heard the charge given at the station—I went in search of the prisoners the same night, with Harvey, another police-officer—I went with him to the lodging-house where I had seen the two Cokers go, found them there, and took them into custody, to the police-station—the prosecutor saw them the same night—nothing was found on either—when I saw the Cokers in the mob of people, I did not recognise any of these other prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="italic">John Coker.</hi> About 6 o'clock, I was in a public-house drinking—the policeman and sergeant came in—I was standing at the door—he said, "Will you allow me to pass?"—I said, "Yes"—if he knew me to be the party, why not take me then?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> Because I wanted to get hold of the others, but I knew if I apprehended one without the others we should not be able to get the others.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050041"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ann Coker.</hi> I passed him twice in Flower and Dean-street, about half-past 7, and he never offered to take me.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> That is not so; I was not on the beat at that time.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Tucker.</hi> I was in the public-house between 6 and 7 when the constable and the sergeant came in, why did he not take me then?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I did not see him—I went in at one door and the sergeant at the other—the sergeant did not know him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-161" type="surname" value="HARVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-161" type="given" value="URIAH"/>URIAH HARVEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 174). I received a description of some of the prisoners from the prosecutor, on 16th, in consequence of which I went to No. 1, Henry-street, Whitechapel, and found Tucker and Mary Ann Welsh there—I told them I should take them in custody for being concerned, with two others in custody, in robbing Mr. Bessett of 80
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold and notes, in keate-street, Spitalfields—they said they knew nothing about it—before taking them out of the house, I searched the room and found some bills relating to clothes which they had been and purchased that day, on the mantel piece, put in some shells—I have produced them to-day—we found some new clothes in the room—the prisoners were taken to Leman-street station—I was present when the prosecutor saw them—two women were put with Welsh, and he picked her out directly—Tucker was placed in a room after the women were put on one side, and there were three men put with him, I believe—the prosecutor selected him directly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Tucker.</hi> The prosecutor swore to Welsh by a black eye, and that policeman gave it her that same night—she did not go out the night the robbery was done.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> On the way from Leman-street station to Spitalfields station, we met five convicted thieves, and she called out to one of them, "Nell, assist me"—she came to her—the other constable prevented her speaking to her—she commenced scratching the constable's face, and he had marks for a fortnight—I did not give her a black eye—she had a black eye in the struggle—I did not give it to her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-162" type="surname" value="BESSETT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-162" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BESSETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I did not observe that she had a black eye at the time she robbed me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-163" type="surname" value="FLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-163" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES FLOYD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I know Mary Ann Welsh—I saw her that afternoon in Keate-street, at a little past 3—she came home in a cab.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann Welsh.</hi> I came home and put on a clean frock at half-past 4, and went back again to see the other prisoner go away for six weeks.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Ann Coker's Defence.</hi> How could we both put our hands in a gentleman's mouth? He said it was a red rag shoved in his mouth first, then he said a handkerchief.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Tucker's Defence.</hi> On 16th April, when I was placed between two more men at the Spital-square station, the prosecutor spoke to me by my clothes, and the policeman said, "No; go by his features," and then he said he knew me by my features.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Morley's Defence.</hi> I wish to know if it is right that I should be taken up for another thief He got me taken up to get himself off. I know nothing about it. I am taken instead of a man named Smith, who was discharged, and has turned Queen's evidence against me. I was at work in the London Docks at the time.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COKER</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES TUCKER</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES MORLEY</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-431-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-431-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-431-18610505 t18610505-431-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-431-18610505 t18610505-431-punishment-24"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def6-431-18610505 t18610505-431-punishment-24"/>Seven Years' Penal Servitude each</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN WELSH</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN WELSH</hi> </p>
<rs id="t18610505-431-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-431-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-431-18610505 t18610505-431-punishment-25"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def5-431-18610505 t18610505-431-punishment-25"/>Confined Twelve Months each</rs>.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050042"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANN COKER</hi> was further charged with having been before convicted.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-164" type="surname" value="HARMS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-164" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HARMS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 81). I produce a certificate (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "Middlesex, 21st May, 1860. Ann Williams, guilty on her own confession of larceny. Confined Six Months.</hi>") The prisoner Ann Coker is the person described in that certificate—I was present—I proved another conviction against her then.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ANN COKER></hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-431-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-431-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-431-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-431-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-431-18610505 t18610505-431-punishment-26"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-432">
<interp inst="t18610505-432" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-432" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-432-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-432-18610505 t18610505-432-offence-1 t18610505-432-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-432-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-432-18610505 t18610505-432-offence-1 t18610505-432-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-432-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-432-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18610505" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18610505" type="surname" value="WOLF"/>
<interp inst="def1-432-18610505" type="given" value="BARNARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARNARD WOLF</hi> (33)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-432-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-432-18610505" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-432-18610505" type="age" value="66"/>
<interp inst="def2-432-18610505" type="surname" value="WOLF"/>
<interp inst="def2-432-18610505" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLOTTE WOLF</hi> (66)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-432-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-432-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-432-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 28 yards of silk, value 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18610505-name-167" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-167" type="surname" value="ELLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-167" type="given" value="WYNN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18610505-432-offence-1 t18610505-name-167"/>Wynn Ellis</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LONGFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners being foreigners had the evidence interpreted to them.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-168" type="surname" value="PILMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-168" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PILMAN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Wynn Ellis, and another, warehousemen, of St. Paul's-churchyard—on 6th May, about 12 o'clock, the prisoners came into the warehouse—the male prisoner very indistinctly, and in broken English, asked to look at some velvets at about 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. or 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a yard, and said he could buy thirteen or fourteen pieces—there are from thirty to forty yards in a piece—I took them upstairs to the velvet-room—they stood at the counter—I showed them some velvets at 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per yard—he put one piece aside as if bought, and asked me what quantity I could sell at that price—I told him about thirty pieces—Mr. Allen, the manager, then came up and charged the female prisoner with having concealed about her a piece of silk—she muttered something—he shook her slightly and lifted her arm up, and I saw this piece of silk (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) fall from under her dress—it is the property of Wynn Ellis, and Co., and is worth 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—there are twenty-eight yards—the male prisoner picked it up, and Mr. Allen took it from him—I had not sold it or shown it to the prisoners—I did not know that they had taken it from the counter—I know it by the pattern.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Charlotte Wolf.</hi> The silk was lying on the ground.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-169" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-169" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR HALL</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to the prosecutors—about 12, on last Monday morning; I saw the prisoners go into the velvet-room with Mr. Pilman—I kept my eye on them—I began pulling some goods about so that they should not suspect me—I saw one of the men hand a piece of silk to the male prisoner, who handed it to the female prisoner—she took it to another counter, and took another piece up which she held up as a cover—the piece of silk which she took from the other counter was the piece which she took—Pitman was at that time showing the male prisoner another piece of silk—I saw the female prisoner slip the silk under her arm, and I ran and told Mr. Allen, who came up, I was not near enough to see what he did; but when I came back I saw the piece of silk on the floor, though I did not see it fell—I went for a policeman; he came, and Mr. Allen said, "Take this woman in custody"—this is the piece of silk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM PILMAN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was it silk or velvet?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was showing velvet, but after that he was looking at silks, and he handed a piece of silk to the woman—the piece I was then showing him was silk and not velvet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Barnard Wolf.</hi> There was a pile of silk on the ground.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-170" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-170" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ALLEN</persName> </hi>. I am manager to the prosecutors—last Monday morning, at 12 o'clock, Mr. Hall sent for me to the velvet-room, and told me, in the prisoners' presence, that the woman had taken a piece of silk—I said, "Fetch a policeman"—I took hold of the woman by the shoulders, and said, "Have the kindness to step round this way"—she stepped back, and a piece of silk fell from her clothes—I took it up—it was quite warm—this is it—I sent them both to the station.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050043"/>
<hi rend="italic">Barnard Wolf. Q.</hi> Did you take the silk from her?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I picked it up from the ground—there were three or four pieces of silk close by on the counter, but this was lying on the floor in the centre of the passage, in which there was no silk, and I saw it come from under her petticoats—there were no silks fell down.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-171" type="surname" value="WILKINB"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-171" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILKINB</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City—policeman</hi>, 313). Last Monday morning, soon after 12 o'clock, I took the prisoners and told them the charge—the male prisoner muttered something in broken English which I could not understand—I searched him, and found a shilling in silver, 6 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, a knife, and a tailor's measure—they made a statement to me—they said something to the Magistrate, in my hearing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-172" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-172" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-172" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HARRISON</persName> </hi>. I search females at the Fleet—street station—I searched the female prisoner last Monday morning, soon after 12 o'clock, and found on her 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., a knife, and a snuff—box—I examined her clothes—her pockets were very small indeed at the side, but the whole of her clothing, except her chemise, was open in front, so that she might put anything in—it is not customary for any one to have the whole of their clothes open in front—I have never seen that style before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Barnard Wolfs Defence.</hi> I am not guilty. I have done nothing.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Charlotte Wolfs Defence.</hi> I have done nothing, and should like to get to my own country again. I am seventy odd years of age, and have never been in any trouble. There are people who know me, but the notice is so short they are not here. My clothes are always open in front.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN ALLEN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you sell by retail at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; we only sell entire pieces—pieces vary from thirty to thirty—six yards, and are worth 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. each.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-432-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-432-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-432-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-432-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-432-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-432-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-432-18610505 t18610505-432-punishment-27"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-432-18610505 t18610505-432-punishment-27"/>Confined Three Months each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-433">
<interp inst="t18610505-433" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-433" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-433-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-433-18610505 t18610505-433-offence-1 t18610505-433-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-433-18610505" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-433-18610505" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18610505" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18610505" type="surname" value="SEGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-433-18610505" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD SEGERS</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18610505-433-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-433-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-433-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering an order for the delivery of 60 bonnets, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. KEMP</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PATER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-174" type="surname" value="POLAKI"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-174" type="given" value="IGNATIUS"/>IGNATIUS POLAKI</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of the office of Mr. Field, the detective, and live at 20, Devereux—court, Temple—I have known the prisoner his about eighteen months—the signature to this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) looks like writing, but it is "Ryle and Co.," and not "Segers and Co.," that I am accustomed to see—I swore before under the impression that I had, but I will not now swear positively, that it is the prisoner's writing—I have seen so many persons writing that I would not swear to any one's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you corresponded with him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I saw him write on one occasion—I have received five or six letters from him, and have acquired a knowledge of his writing—I am able to form a judgment whether writing is his or not, when I look at it—the name signed to this letter may be his, but I will not swear it—it seems to be all in one writing; the signature and all—I believe it to be the prisoner's writing, but I should not, like to swear to it positively—I have received letters from him very much like this; so like this that I believe this to be his writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>. Now look at this other letter.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I can form no opinion of the writing by the signature, but I can form an opinion by the body of the letter
<hi rend="italic">in extensor</hi>—here are only three lines of writings and I should not like to swear to them—my belief can only be formed on experience, and three lines might be forged—it looks much like the prisoner's writing—it might be his and it might not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you had sufficient oppor
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050044"/>
<p>of seeing the prisoner write to enable you to say with any degree of certainty whether any of the letters are his?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The only time I ever saw him write was his signature, "Edward Seagers"—I believe the first letter to be his writing, because, if I look at each letter independently, there is a great similarity—the prisoner carried on business as a general merchant in St. Mary Axe some time ago.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PATER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you know him when he carried on business at St. Mary Axe?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; because I had a civil suit against him, under the name of Seagers and Co.—we had no business transactions with him, except what our clients instructed us—we have had written communications with him subsequently—none of the letters were addressed to me, bat I have received many communications from him—according to my belief, this letter is in his writing, but I should not like to swear to it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Looking at the second document, do you not believe that it is in the same writing as the first?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you the same Ignatius Polaki that was examined before the Magistrate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; this is my signature (
<hi rend="italic">Looking at his deposition</hi>)—the answer that I there made referred to the second letter—I now believe that the second letter is in the handwriting of the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-175" type="surname" value="TORRT"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-175" type="given" value="PIERRE"/>PIERRE TORRT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Through an interpreter</hi>). I am a merchant, carrying on business at Nice—I received a letter, dated 28th January, at the latter end of January—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a translation of it—I had written to the person who wrote that letter—(
<hi rend="italic">This letter contained the following</hi>: "We regret to find that your price is too high; nevertheless, to prove that we are ready to enter into business with your house, we accept the following prices"—
<hi rend="italic">a list of prices then followed</hi>—"at the above prices, with discount at 10 per cent, you may make us the consignment by the
<hi rend="italic">Messagerie Imperial</hi>")—in consequence of that letter, I made up a package of goods, and forwarded them to London—I also sent this invoice (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the case I sent was marked "P. T. 72"—these hats (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) formed part of the goods I sent in that packet—the numbers on the hats correspond with the numbers on this invoice, but some are missing now from the case—I have never been paid—I drew for the goods, and I received the bill back protested—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—this was my first transaction with Ryle and Co.—if I had known that Ryle and Co. had been in custody, I would not have sent the goods—one of these letters (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is in my writing, and the other is in my clerk's, but signed by me.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is one of those letters the one which encloses an invoice from you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; the bill was not sent with the letter—it was sent next day, not in a letter; I passed it through the bankers—the value of these hats is 116
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I am not aware that the selling price of them in this country is 29
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it is impossible—even at the factory, to us, they cost far more—I had not known the prisoner before that letter.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you ever send any goods to this country before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Never; there is a general demand for these goods sometimes—I think I had heard once before of the firm of Ryle and Co.—when the goods were sent I knew nothing of the firm, except what appeared in the corner of their letters—I sent the goods in the belief that they were respectable people.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-176" type="surname" value="SETEER"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-176" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY SETEER</persName> </hi>. I am a lace-manufacturer and commission-agent, at Bread-street, Cheapside—I do business with Mr. Leopard—I did not receive from him in February three samples of straw hats—I went with him to White cross-street, and saw the prisoner, who said he had a lot of goods to sell, in order to get out of prison—I asked him what those goods were—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050045"/>
<p>said they were straw-hats—I told him that I was no judge of the goods, but that I would endeavour to Bell them for him—he then gave this order (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for the delivery of the goods, either to Mr. Leopard or myself—I gave it to my porter—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>:"Please deliver to bearer, on payment of the costs, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., a case of straw-hats: yours truly,
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES RYLE AND CO</hi>.")—my porter fetched the goods away, and paid the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the prisoner said that he was one of the firm of Charles Ryle and Co.—I saw the original invoice, which was produced, in the hands of Mr. Leopard—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is not it—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the receipt given me by the prisoner for 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. In the name of Charles Ryle and Co. for these bonnets which I bought of him—I cannot say whether this first letter is in the prisoner's writing, although I saw him write the receipt—it is written in very different ink, and rather different writing—one ink is dark and the other light—I have no belief about it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you buy these hats at the fair price which such things are worth in England?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I tried all the respectable houses in the trade, and only obtained offers from three houses—Mr. Good year, one of the first houses in the trade, gave 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. more than the highest of the other offers—I was paid 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I got three guineas profit—they are very unsaleable articles.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. KEMP</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You are no judge of their value?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; but I could soon ascertain—the sale of them would be extremely limited, and they would be only to be purchased by first-class houses—I sold them for what I could get, and I afterwards communicated the price to the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-177" type="surname" value="NYE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-177" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NYE</persName> </hi>. I have lived at 12, St. Andrew street, Old Kent-road, for five or six years—I know of no firm there carrying on business under the name of Charles Ryle and Co.—I do not know the existence of such a firm—I do not know the prisoner—he never lodged at my house—I have a lodger named Elizabeth Smith—she is here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is there a person named Mrs. Gilbert lodging with you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Elizabeth Smith came to my house as Mrs. Gilbert—she received letters, addressed to my house in the name of Ryle and Co.—I have paid for one or two unpaid letters, and given them to her, and she paid me again—I have seen packages brought there, but have not paid for them—I did not pay 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on one occasion—I lent her 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and I believe she wanted it to pay for a case which came for Ryle and Co.—mine is a private house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY STEER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you introduced to the prisoner by the name of Ryle or by the name of Segers?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not know his name at all—I was introduced by Mr. Leopard.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-178" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-178" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SMITH</persName> </hi>. I live at 12, St. Andrew's-road, Newington—I pass by the name of Gilbert, by that gentleman's sanction—I have known the prisoner about six months—I have seen him in White cross-street—I became acquainted with him by going there to see Mr. Gilbert—he never asked me to do anything for him, but he asked Mr. Gilbert whether he would let me receive the letters, and I did so—letters and parcels came there in the name of Ryle and Co.—when I received them I took them to White cross-street and gave them to Mr. Gilbert, and I believe he gave them to the prisoner—I do not know that the prisoner received them—the prisoner was afterwards removed to the Queen's Bench, and I have given him letters there which I had received in the name of Ryle and Co. but no parcels—I remember being sent to Horn and Co. for parcels by the prisoner—I was ordered to take all letters and parcels for him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-179" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-179" type="surname" value="LEOPARD"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-179" type="given" value="LAZARUS"/>LAZARUS LEOPARD</persName> </hi>. I am a merchant, carrying on business at 9, Walbrook</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050046"/>
<p>—I do not know a firm of the name of Charles Ryle and Co.—I have seen the prisoner once in White cross-street—I went there because he wrote me a letter—that was the first communication I had with him—I have not got that letter with me—I went to the prison and saw him—he said that he had a lot of straw hats, which he wanted to sell, to pay the debt, and get out of prison—this was in March—I did not purchase them—they were of no use to me—Mr. Steer and I went there together—I did not sec the prisoner give Mr. Steer any document—he had some paper all ready, I think, but I had no opportunity of seeing it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-180" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-180" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-180" type="given" value="JOHN MARK"/>JOHN MARK BULL</persName> </hi>. I am a detective officer—I was examined at the police-court on another case which this results from—in consequence of information, I went to the premises of Messrs. Horn, of Moorgate-street—I afterwards went to the Queen's Bench Prison, and saw the prisoner on 27th of March—Baker, another detective officer, went with me—I told him we were two police-officers, and were about to ask him some questions; that he need not answer them unless he thought proper; that we had a female in custody, named Elizabeth Smith, and that he would be brought up by habeas to answer a criminal charge—I asked him if he knew Smith—he said "Yes"—I asked him if he had sent her to Horn's, in Moorgate-street, that day—he first said, "No? and afterwards, "Yes"—I told him he would be charged with her for obtaining a quantity of Leghorn hats from Messrs. Guise, of Paris, and Mr. Pierre Tony, of Nice—he said, "I know I have done wrong; if I could only see the solicitor for the prosecution. I should like to arrange matters"—I asked him if he had any objection for us to take possession of his papers—he said, "No;" and we took them—Baker found this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in my presence—it appears to be an invoice—it is in French—Elizabeth Smith is the person who passes as Mrs. Gilbert—these are all the papers I found—they relate to different business transactions, but most of them are in foreign languages, and to different foreign firms on the Continent—I have made inquiries, and found that he carried on business in Lime-street, and in St. Mary Axe, as Edward Segers.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you ever made the statement which you have now made, before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I told it to the attorney—I did not give it in writing—I told Mr. Lewis, the attorney for the prisoner, that I had got some papers if he wished to see them—Mr. Bramwell is the attorney for the prosecution.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-181" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-181" type="surname" value="CONSTABLE"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-181" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN CONSTABLE</persName> </hi>. I am chief warder at White cross-street—I know the prisoner as a prisoner there—he came into custody on 8th August, 1860, and was removed to the Queen's Bench Prison on 2d March, 1861—he was in custody on 28th January.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18610505-name-182" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18610505-name-182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-182" type="surname" value="GOODYEK"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-name-182" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK GOODYER</persName> </hi>. I carry on business in St. Paul's-churchyard—I purchased these goods of Mr. Steer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You gave 29
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; is that a fair price?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Well; they were tried all round the trade, by open tender, and I was the highest bidder, and I considered that was the value for them, and was declared the purchaser—they are called capotes in the trade—they are unmade bonnets—they are taken to pieces and made into any shape that ladies like to wear—they are not suitable for the London market.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that to constitute forgery the offence must be committed entirely within the jurisdiction of the Court.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THE COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that it had been field not to be so, for in the case of anything being put into the post-office it was held to be uttered as soon as posted.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186105050047"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18610505-433-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-433-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-433-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">The Jury considered that Mr. Pierre Torry was very much to blame for sending the goods without any reference.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18610505-433-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18610505-433-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-433-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-433-18610505 t18610505-433-punishment-28"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">There were two other indictments against the prisoner.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 8
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1861.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Baron
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHANNELL</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Channell.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18610505-434">
<interp inst="t18610505-434" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18610505"/>
<interp inst="t18610505-434" type="date" value="18610505"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18610505-434-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-434-18610505 t18610505-434-offence-1 t18610505-434-verdict-1"/>