<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<p>Sessions Paper.</p>
<p>Short-hand Writers to the Court,</p>
<p>Law Publishers to the Queen's Most Excellent Majesty</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110002"/>
<p>On the Queen's Commission of the Peace,</p>
<p>The City of London,</p>
<p>OF THE</p>
<p>Held on Monday, June 11th, 1860, and following days.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BEFORE</hi> the Right Honourable
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-1" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-1" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-1" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-1" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN CARTER</persName> </hi>, F.A.S. and F.R.A.S. Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir Charles Crompton, Knt. one of the Justices of Her Majesty's Court of Queen's Bench; Sir George Bramwell, Knt. one of the Barons of Her Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir John Musgrove, Bart.; David Salomons, Esq. M.P. and Sir Robert Walter Carden, Knt.; Aldermen of the said City; Russell Gurney, Esq., Q C., Recorder of the said City; Sir Henry Muggeridge, Knt.; Benjamin Samuel Phillips, Esq.; Thomas Gabriel, Esq. William Ferneley Allen, Esq.; John Joseph Mechi, Esq.; Edward Couder, Esq.; and
<persName id="t18600611-name-2" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-2" type="surname" value="ABBISS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-2" type="given" value="JAMES"/>James Abbiss</persName>, Esq.; Aldermen of the said City; Thomas Chambers, Esq. Common Serjeant of the said City; and Robert Malcolm Kerr, Esq. Judge of the Sheriff's Court of the said City; Her Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer and General Gaol Delivery of Newgate, hodden for the said City, and Judges of the Central Criminal Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-3" type="judiciaryName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-3" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-3" type="given" value="BENJAMIN SAMUEL"/>BENJAMIN SAMUEL PHILLIPS</persName> </hi>, Esq. Ald.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS GABRIEL</hi>, Esq. Ald.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">OCTAVIUS TRYON CHAPMAN EAGLETON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHARLES GAMMON</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Under-Sheriffs.</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110003"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARTER, MAYOR. EIGHTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, June</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1860.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SALOMONS</hi>, M.P.;
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIR ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">PHILLIPS</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GARBRIEL</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABBISS</hi>; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT MALOOLM KEBB</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-502-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-502-18600611" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18600611" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18600611" type="surname" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-502-18600611" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY LAURENCE</hi> (21)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-502-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-502-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-502-18600611" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-502-18600611" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def2-502-18600611" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES PEARCE</hi> (28)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-502-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-502-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-502-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing 4 bracelets, value 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18600611-name-6" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-6" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-6" type="given" value="JOHN SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-502-offence-1 t18600611-name-6"/>John Samuel Hunt</persName> and others, in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18600611-name-7" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-7" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-7" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-502-offence-1 t18600611-name-7"/>John Hunt</persName>.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count.</hi> Feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-8" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-8" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MORRIS</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Messrs. Hunt and Roskill—about the commencement of November, the female prisoner came there with another person, not Pearce, and I showed them some jewellery; among other articles I particularly recollect an emerald bracelet, a stock one, value about 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the emerald was worth about 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they moved to the other side of the shop and saw some more bracelets—after stopping there about half an hour looking at various things, they put two bracelets on one side and said that they would call next day and decide which they would take—we never saw them afterwards—on, I think, the following day or very closely after they had been there, I saw the case in which this bracelet ought to have been, and it was not there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was this about 7 in the evening?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; as near as possible—it was either the end of October or the beginning of November as far as my memory serves me; I cannot charge my memory as to the day of the week or month—there are twenty or thirty assistants in the establishment—there are a large number of customers every day, but I do not think we had any customers in after this—I had never seen the female before that I am aware of—Laurence was shown to me in April or May—I heard that some people were detained at the police-court, Great-Marlborough-street, on suspicion of stealing jewellery, and I went and identified the female prisoner in a room down stairs before she went into the dock, that was in the early part of May—there was no other customer in the shop at the time, but there were other assistants—a person named Stafford assisted me a little while in showing the jewellery, but I waited on them—Stafford is not here—my impression is that I found the</p>
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<p>empty box on the following day or the day after; I thought it possible that it might have been mislaid or given out as a pattern—I had shown that bracelet to a great many other people, but this was the last time I showed it—I cannot say whether I showed it to anybody the same day or some days previously—when we show articles of that description some little time must elapse before they are placed in their places again, according to the pressure of business—things sometimes lay there for an hour or so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you usually examine the cases to see whether the jewellery is gone?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not always, but in looking for some bracelets the following day or the day after I opened that case and found that the bracelet was not there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-9" type="surname" value="HANNAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-9" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HANNAFORD</persName> </hi>. I am a lapidary, of 46, Clerkenwell-green—I have known Pearce some two years and a half by the name of Bingfield—he called on me some time about November and showed me an emerald about the same size as this, and two pearls about the size stated on the bill that was issued—he took them back at the time; he afterwards brought them back and I entrusted the emerald to Mr. Gregory to sell on commission.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he tell you his name was Bingfield?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I had had several transactions of jewellery with him before—I am certain this was in November—he asked me 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the emerald, and I offered him 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., which I should say is about it's worth; he declined letting me have it at that price, but brought it back to me a week or ten days afterwards, and I gave him 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—no restriction was put upon me as to where I should take it to sell—there was no concealment in the transaction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What did the jewellery transaction consist of?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Paste imitation stones mounted in rings that I cut and made for him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you conversant with precious stones?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; there is nothing particular in the size of this emerald—there are hundreds of the same size and shade of colour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this a cabouchon emerald?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; back and front, which is very unusual indeed—during the two and a half years my jewellery transactions with him have been about twelve rings at 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a piece—he took away all that he ordered of me somewhere about October; I had had them nearly two and a half years—I had not this card at the time, it did not come out till January.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-10" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-10" type="given" value="JAMES REYNOLDS"/>JAMES REYNOLDS GREGORY</persName> </hi>. I am a commission agent of King-William-street, Strand—I received an emerald from Hannaford which I took to Mr. Hunt, who retained it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-11" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-11" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HUNT</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I am a member of the firm of John Samuel Hunt and others—towards the end of last year we had a cabouchon emerald bracelet in our stock, set in gold with a few diamonds and a gold band; also a bracelet with rubies and diamonds, another with pearls and diamonds; and I forget the exact description of the others, but have them down in the books—I also missed other ornaments with rose diamonds and brilliants—I have here the emerald which was in the bracelet—Gregory offered it to me last January and I immediately recognised it as mine—I afterwards weighed it, it weighed 10 carats; that attracted my attention, because in our stock book it is entered 9 3/4 carats, and it has been so described in the bills—I then looked in the stones book—when a stone is given out to be manufactured it is entered in a small book called the stones book, which is here, and when the manufacturer returns it he puts the weight at the</p>
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<p>bottom of his invoice—the person who made the entry is dead—this entry was made in the ordinary course of his duty while he was in our service.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to this evidence as the entry was not made by the witness himself.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">contended that the entry was evidence, as it was made in the ordinary course of business, (See Price v. Lord Twrington</hi>).
<hi rend="largeCaps">THE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that the evidence was not admissible.</hi> Independently of these entries I know the know itself, and I positively swear that this is our emerald and the one that was contained in the bracelet—I have had it in my possession ever since, the value of it is 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What are its peculiarities?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There are some extraordinary flaws in the crystallization—that is not what is called caboucbon, that is the way in which it is cut and which is rather common—it is this peculiar flaw that I know—I am so much accustomed to stones that I can easily identify it when I look through it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-12" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-12" type="given" value="JAMES REYNOLDS"/>JAMES REYNOLDS GREGORY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). This emerald is the one I received from Hannaford.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-13" type="surname" value="HANNAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-13" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HANNAFORD</persName> </hi>. This is the emerald I gave to Mr. Gregory, and which I received from the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-14" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-14" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY NASH</persName> </hi>. I am one of the assistants to Hunt and Roskill—this emerald is their property, it was set in a bracelet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know it by some marks?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; one of which is very peculiar and unmistakeable—there was no occasion to state the marks in the handbill.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you draw up the handbill?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; but I assisted to do it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-15" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-15" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-15" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB FRENCH</persName> </hi>. On 8th April the male prisoner came to me in the name of Roberts and produced eight diamonds which he gave me to mount as a ring for him, and one other diamond and two rubies to set as another ring—he came again several times afterwards and eventually took them away, paying for the mounting, having paid for the setting previously—on the 20th he brought some other brilliants and I set this ring (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for him by the hands of my workmen—the value of all the precious stones he brought me was about 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. including the last four, which he has not taken away, these are them (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—they are four small loose diamonds which were to be made into a set of sleeve-links.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you before the Magistrate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was there but was not called—I had informed the attorney for the prosecution of the evidence I could give—I saw Pearce at the bar of the police-court and knew him—I was I think subpÅ“naed there—I received a piece of paper or parchment—I da not know that I told the solicitor at the police-court that I knew the man—I did not express any doubt as to his being the person—I do not know that I told anybody I was sure he was the man—I went there to give evidence against him supposing I knew him—I did know him, but I did not tell the solicitor so because he did not ask me—the person I say is the prisoner, he gave his address, 4, Albion-place, or road, or grove, Stoke Newington.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you any doubt about his being the man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am quite sure he is—I saw him at least three times, and negociated with him the making of these rings—I have not been applied to for the diamonds that were left only by a detective.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-16" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-16" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Harry Emanuel, a jeweller—on 3d January, Laurence, and a man who I believe to be Pearce, came there.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110006"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-17" type="surname" value="STREETER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-17" type="given" value="EDWIN"/>EDWIN STREETER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Harry Emanuel—I know Pearce well—the first time I saw him come there was about 3d January; Young was there in the shop—the female prisoner, to the best of my belief, was with Pearce.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-18" type="surname" value="WHICHER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-18" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>JONATHAN WHICHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-inspector</hi>). On 23d April I went with some other officers to Albion-road, Stoke Newington, about 8 o'clock in the even
<lb/>ing—Sergeant Tanner knocked at the door, and it was opened by Pearce—I said to him, "I wish to speak with you," and accompanied him down stairs into the lower room, where I found Laurence; I said, "We are police-officers, what is your name?"—he said, "My name is Pearce"—I said, "Have either of you been to Brighton to-day?"—they both said that they had not—I said, "I wish you to go a little way with me for some people to see you"—Laurence said that she wanted to go up stairs, I asked her what for; she said, "To get a pair of boots"—I accompanied her into the top room of the house, but she did not find any boots; we returned to the lower room again where Pearce was; I told Laurence to put on her things and she commenced dressing, I believe she had got her bonnet and shawl on—I noticed something strange in her movements, she kept her back turned towards me, which made me suspect she had got something in her hands which she wished to conceal—I said, "What have you got in your hands?"—she immediately put them under her cloak and said, "Nothing"—I said, "Let me see"—she repeated that she had got nothing—I said, "Let me see," and took hold of her hands; she struggled to disengage herself and screamed—Pearce then seized the poker and made use of an expression as to what he would do, but Sergeant Tanner closed with him, and Laurence threw up her hand and said, "There now, you see I have got nothing in my hand"—I looked down by her feet, saw this ring which Mr. French has spoken of and picked it up—these two other diamond rings were lying close by and were picked up by Sergeant Tanner—I did not see any rings on the floor before—I took the prisoners to the Kingsland station and said, "I now charge you both on suspicion of stealing a diamond locket from Mr. Emanuel in Hanover-square, and some bracelets from Messrs. Hunt and Roskill in Bond-street"—they made no reply—Laurence had this pair of diamond earrings (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in her ears, aud holding them and the three rings in my hand, I said, "Have you any objection to tell me how you became possessed of these?"—she declined to do so—I said to Pearce, "I am going to ask you a question, you can do as you like about answering it; some time back you sold a large emerald to Mr. Hannaford of Clerkenwell-green, have you any objection to tell me how you became possessed of it?"—he declined to tell me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-19" type="surname" value="TANNER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-19" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD TANNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman</hi>). I found on Pearce a purse containing 39
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in gold, an opera glass, and a watch and chain—I picked up these rings (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) after the struggle.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-20" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-20" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HUNT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). These are not our rubies, and I do not think these diamonds in this ring are ours, some of ours were similar to these in the earrings—the jewellery we lost had diamonds of this description.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I suppose no quantity of jewellery could be produced with respect to which you could not observe just the same thing?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, they may be ours and they may not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was the nature of the pearls?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They were
<hi rend="italic">bouton</hi> pearls, that is a button shape, rather flattened behind and round in front, like a round pearl cut in two.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FREDERICK HANNAFORD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were the jewels produced to you like those described by Mr. Hunt?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yea;
<hi rend="italic">bouton</hi> peurla.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110007"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is that an uncommon pearl?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not at all—the value of the two is 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAURENCE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-502-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-502-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-502-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>
<rs id="t18600611-502-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-502-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-502-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on Second count.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted of felony; to which he</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-503">
<interp inst="t18600611-503" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-503" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-503-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-503-18600611 t18600611-503-offence-1 t18600611-503-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-503-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-503-18600611 t18600611-503-offence-1 t18600611-503-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-503-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-503-18600611" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18600611" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18600611" type="surname" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-503-18600611" type="given" value="EMILY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMILY LAURENCE</hi> </persName>, and
<persName id="def2-503-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-503-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-503-18600611" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def2-503-18600611" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def2-503-18600611" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES PEARCE</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18600611-503-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-503-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-503-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>stealing a locket, value 1,600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-23" type="surname" value="EMANUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-23" type="given" value="HARRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-503-offence-1 t18600611-name-23"/>Harry Emanuel</persName>, in his dwelling-house.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-24" type="surname" value="STREETER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-24" type="given" value="EDWIN WILLIAM"/>EDWIN WILLIAM STREETER</persName> </hi>. I am manager to Mr. Harry Emanuel—I recollect two persons coming in to our shop—I recollect the male prisoner perfectly well, and the female to the best of my belief—it was at the com
<lb/>mencement of January, I believe the 3d, near about 4 o'clock—there was a great deal of jewellery on the counter; amongst the jewellery there was a diamond locket—it was towards the end of the counter or table—the female prisoner moved about from one end to the other; at last she stopped at the left end of the counter—when they came in they asked to see some lockets—they were shown a great many; they were not expensive enough, and they were shown some more expensive—after a long time they ordered two diamond and turquoise lockets and earrings to match—they would amount to from 160
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they wished it to be done by a certain time as they were leaving for America—I mentioned the names of one or two Americans, and the male prisoner said he knew them perfectly well, in fact, he said, he had brought a watch of ours over from an American gentleman, a customer of ours—we asked him if we should send for it—he said, "Oh no, I will bring it the next time I come"—he gave his address as Portland-place—he wrote the name and address down in a book; I have not got the book here, I do not recollect the name—I think it was Pearce, he wrote it himself in the book—I can fetch the book—while he was writing, his hand trembled very much, he said, "You see my hand shakes very much, I was at the opera last night and a diamond was stolen out of my pin"—I noticed that he wearing a pin without a stone or anything in it—the female prisoner had a muff with her which she placed on the counter, she opened some cases and said, "Oh, these are empty"—she then moved her muff to another part of the counter, and finally placed it at one part opposite to where the locket was—no other customer came in after they left, except a relation of Mr. Emanuers—after the prisoners left, the boxes were closed and in due time taken down into the strong room and locked up for the night—the loss of the locket was discovered next morning—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at a silk dress produced by the officer</hi>) this is the same material and the same pattern as the dress the female came in this pin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is similar to that which the male prisoner had in his scarf without any stone.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> This was between the lights, was it not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; it was just getting dusk—the gas was not lighted when they came in—I can tell you why I noticed the dress, as the female prisoner came in she knocked something off the table and I noticed it—she had something on her face which came down to about her upper lip; I do not know whether you call it a veil or a fall—I did not notice the colour of it or whether there was any pattern or figure on it; to the best of my belief it was a brown fell—I did not take notice of the bonnet—I saw the prisoner again in April, she was then in the dock at the police-court—our case was the first inquired into—she was brought in while I was waiting in the Court and placed in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110008"/>
<p>the dock—I do not think Mr. Hunt was with me at the time—I do not swear to the woman, I say to the best of my belief she is the person—I believe she wore a velvet mantle when at the shop—I dare say we had had the locket on sale not more than a week on the outside; it was a very beautiful one, here is a drawing of it (
<hi rend="italic">producing it</hi>)—I had not previously shown it to other parties that day, it had been shown by the other assistants—it had been shown that same day, it had not been sent out on approbation, it was shown in the establishment—Mr. Paracott does not keep the key of the strong box in which the jewellery was deposited, the cases are placed in our iron safe and I keep the key—some of the other assistants replaced the jewellery that was lying on the counter in the boxes—I believe it was Mr. Young, one of the other assistants, who discovered the loss.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TINDAL ATKINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you been very busy that day?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> As usual—there might have been a dozen persons there in the course of the afternoon, I should think not more—I had last seen the locket about 1 or 2 o'clock, I saw it on the table in another room—it was open—the public had not access to that room: I asked for it and it was brought in for me to look at, and it was taken away again directly after I had passed my opinion on it; it was taken away by one of the young men, I do not know which; that was not the last time I saw it, I saw it again as it was being shown to a lady of title in the afternoon—it was on the counter, it was open then—we have twelve or fourteen persons in the employment—I don't recollect that I saw it more than twice before that afternoon, once when it was open on the table, and when shown to the lady by one of the young men, I do not recollect which.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you remember, until my friend reminded you, that there was anything over the face of the female?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not think of it, nor of the mantle—I remember now that she had a velvet mantle on—the locket was in a velvet case—there was a pearl-drop attached to the locket—I should think these persons were in our shop nearly half an hour—Young is the name of the person who attended on the lady—the gas was lighted two or three or five minutes after they came in—they were there about twenty minutes or half an hour after the gas was lighted—I think we asked 2,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the locket—the value is between 1,500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 1,600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say you had seen it in the afternoon shown to a lady; did you see it while the two prisoners were there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; about ten minutes before—the lady put her muff down just where it was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-25" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-25" type="given" value="ARTHUR WILLIAM"/>ARTHUR WILLIAM YOUNG</persName> </hi>. I am in the employment of Mr. Emannel—I remember a man and woman entering Mr. Emanuel's premises on 3d January last—I can speak positively to the woman, it was the female prisoner—I saw her examine jewellery of different sorts at the counter; lockets principally—I remember the description of a locket that was afterwards missed—I saw it at that time—I showed it to her myself—it was a locket with a pearl drop, in a blue velvet case, which was, I should think, about two and a half inches long—she could have got it into her muff very well—she had a muff, the muff was on the top of the locket—I could not swear to the male person conscientiously, I believe the prisoner to be the man—in consequence of some instructions I followed the two persons out of the shop—I missed them by Hanover-chapel—there was some crowd there and I lost sight of them—I discovered the loss of the locket—it was missing that night, but we did not look any more for it then, not till the morning; then I looked for it and found it was gone, and the case also—I missed it the first thing, when the cases were being taken out of the iron chest, before the business of the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110009"/>
<p>day had commenced—there were no customers in the shop when the two persons came in—they were the last in that evening.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How was this person dressed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A similar dress to that produced; the same description; the same pattern—I recollect the dress—she had a mantle of some kind; I almost forget whether it was a velvet or a mohair—I forget what kind of bonnet she had—I speak to her from her features—I saw her several times—I did not observe whether she had feathers or flowers inside her bonnet, or how it was trimmed—there was nothing to prevent my doing so; but I difl not look—I saw her face—the next time I saw the person who I say was the one I saw on that occasion, was at the police-court—Mr. Streeter and I were both there at the same time—she was in the dock at the time I saw her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ATKINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I may take it that you have no recollection of this man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I could not swear it was the same—I cannot say positively that he is the man—I had been assisting in selling jewellery during that day for Mr. Emanuel—we had not had a busy day—I cannot tell how many persons we had had in the shop, I don't recollect—I do not suppose there were above a dozen in that day—I had seen that locket before; on the previous day, or on the same day—I recollect showing her the locket—I had seen it in its proper place in the drawer—it was shown to some ladies that were in previous to these persons coming in; not by me—I cannot say by whom; one of those that were at the counter—there are two or three of us.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You said you saw the woman several times; when you went out with instructions to follow them did you see her face again then?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I did not—I only kept behind her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-26" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-26" type="surname" value="PARNACOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-26" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES PARNACOTT</persName> </hi>. I am also in the service of Mr. Emanuel—On 3d January I saw the two persons come into the shop—I can speak with positiveness to the male prisoner, not to the female—shortly after they had gone I called at 7, Portland-place; I did not find them there—I was after
<lb/>wards shown the male prisoner together with, I should think, about eight or nine other persons—I picked him out myself at once—I was not present when the male prisoner gave his address—I did not hear what he said.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you assisting at about the same part of the counter as that at which the female was, whoever she was?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was in the next room when the prisoners came in, but I passed in and out several times—I had an opportunity of seeing the persons; in fect I took one tray myself in front of them—I speak only to the man—the female had a small fall, which came down to about here; I did not notice her particularly—you could see through the fall if you looked closely—we were not above two feet apart—it was either a black or brown fall; I cannot say—I cannot tell you what the bonnet was—she had a cloak or mantle over her dress—it was not fur; I could not tell you any other material—the gas must have been lighted before they left—I did not light it—I should say it was lighted before they left, in accordance with the time of the afternoon they were there—I cannot distinctly remember whether it was lighted or not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ATKINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long after was it that you saw the male prisoner; when you picked him out from the eight or nine?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was at the commencement or latter end of April—I had only seen him before at Hanover-square; never before that—it was not my duty to wait on him if he had been there at that particular time—there are twelve or thirteen of our young men engaged about the place—I had seen this locket several times before—I cannot say that I had the same day; I have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110010"/>
<p>seen it so often—I know where it was placed—it had a large diamond in the centre, set round with smaller ones, with a diamond drop—it was all diamonds.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were there any pearls in it; in any part of it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Oh! it had a pearl drop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-27" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-27" type="given" value="JACOB"/>JACOB FRENCH</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The evidence given by this witness in the former case was read over to him and stated to be correct.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-28" type="surname" value="HANNAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-28" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK HANNAFORD</persName> </hi>. I have known the prisoner about two and a half years under the name of Bingfield.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-29" type="surname" value="WHICHER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-29" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>JONATHAN WHICHER</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The evidence of this witness in the last case was read over.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The male prisoner called the female his wife, did he not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, he did not—he gave the name of Pearce, and she the name of Laurence—Tanner was with me, he was present during the whole of the time—I believe the male prisoner did say something while I was struggling with him; but Tanner will prove that—I did not hear what was said.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you find a black velvet mantle in the house?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; it was at the police-court, but is not here, the officer left it behind—he brought it to the police-court with the dress—sergeant Williamson found the dress.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> They were living there together as man and wife?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I may say so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know anything about it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know the prisoner's wife; that is not his wife—I believe the two prisoners were living at the place as man and wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say you know who the prisoner's wife is?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know the female that passes as his wife, she is not here—they were living together, keeping a beer-shop in the name of Bingfield—her name is Ellen Coffey, and that is the prisoner's proper name—she was passing by her real name, Mr. Coffey—she was tried with him at Manchester, and acquitted on that ground—amongst other articles I found a recommendation for a passport—it is not here; the officer who had it has left the court; he was here in another case; I have sent for him—it was not produced before the Magistrate.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-30" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-30" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-30" type="surname" value="FONTANO"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-30" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH FONTANO</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller and diamond merchant, carrying on business in the Palais Royal, in Paris—in March last the two prisoners entered my shop—I can speak to the man, and I believe it was the woman—the man pointed out some opera glasses—he did not speak at all—I showed him some, and asked him if he spoke English—he said, "Yes," only—I showed him some others and asked if they were to his taste—he did not answer at all, he only pointed to some others—he bought an opera glass at last for 20 francs, and then he looked at the counter, where two ladies were—he paid the 20 francs—I told him I would give him a case to put it in, of the value of 5 francs, and he ran out of the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-31" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-31" type="surname" value="TANNER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-31" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD TANNER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>). I was present when Whicher went to the prisoner's lodging—I did not hear the male prisoner address the female as his wife—he spoke of her as his wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What did he say?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He seized the poker, and said, "God blind me, if he touches my wife I will smash his b----brains out"—I heard the names which the prisoners gave—the male prisoner gave the name of Pearce—the female gave the name of Emily Laurence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-32" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-32" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WILLIAMSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant</hi>). I searched the house in which</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110011"/>
<p>the prisoners were taken into custody—in the female prisoner's bed-room I found a number of silk dresses; amongst others, the one I have produced—I also found the shirt-pin that has been produced, and a velvet mantle which I afterwards saw at the police-court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-33" type="surname" value="SAINT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-33" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH SAINT</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Saint, a police-constable—he is in charge of the house, 7, Portland-place, and has been since November last—from that time to the present neither of the prisoners have lodged in that house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-34" type="surname" value="EMANUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-34" type="given" value="HARRY"/>HARRY EMANUEL</persName> </hi>. I have examined the jewels produced by Whicher—some of the larger ones correspond with the diamonds that were on the locket that was lost—they are all City made; all made in Clerkenwell; what we call City goods—they are not so well done as at the west end; there is not the same care bestowed on them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you say that the City workmen are not so good?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; City people do not pay such large prices—I never heard of a locket selling in the City for 2,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—there was a large centre diamond in the locket that I lost—I do not observe anything like that here—it was much larger than any of these; ten times larger; it weighed thirteen carats and a grain—I had seen it on that day, not ten minutes before these persons came in—it was not lying about—I asked for it to show to some one who was going out—I would rather not say who that person was—it was a lady of title; she might not like her name called in question.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-35" type="surname" value="STREETER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-35" type="given" value="EDWIN WILLIAM"/>EDWIN WILLIAM STREETER</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I have now got the book in which the male prisoner wrote his name and address—it is "William Baines, 7, Portland-place."</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LAURENCE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-503-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-503-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-503-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-503-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-503-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-503-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-503-18600611 t18600611-503-punishment-1"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PEARCE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-503-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-503-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-503-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-503-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-503-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-503-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-503-18600611 t18600611-503-punishment-2"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-504">
<interp inst="t18600611-504" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-504" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-504-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-504-18600611 t18600611-504-offence-1 t18600611-504-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-504-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-504-18600611 t18600611-504-offence-2 t18600611-504-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-504-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-504-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-504-18600611" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-504-18600611" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-504-18600611" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BARKER</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-504-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-504-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-504-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a warrant for the payment of 609
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud;</rs>
<rs id="t18600611-504-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-504-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-504-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>also stealing the same; </rs>to both of which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-504-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-504-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-504-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-504-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-504-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-504-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-504-18600611 t18600611-504-punishment-3"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-505">
<interp inst="t18600611-505" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-505" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-505-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-505-18600611 t18600611-505-offence-1 t18600611-505-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-505-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-505-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18600611" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18600611" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-505-18600611" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE TAYLOR</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-505-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-505-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-505-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, Stealing 1 handkerchief value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-38" type="surname" value="PERSIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-38" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-505-offence-1 t18600611-name-38"/>John Persian</persName>, from his person; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-505-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-505-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-505-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-505-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-505-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-505-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-505-18600611 t18600611-505-punishment-4"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-506">
<interp inst="t18600611-506" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-506" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-506-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-506-18600611 t18600611-506-offence-1 t18600611-506-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-506-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-506-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18600611" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-506-18600611" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18600611-506-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-506-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-506-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>(
<hi rend="italic">Indicted as such, he refusing to give any name</hi>) (18), Stealing 1 pair of boots, 5 brushes, 1 glue-pot, and other articles, value 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-40" type="surname" value="HABERSHON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM GILBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-506-offence-1 t18600611-name-40"/>William Gilbert Habershon</persName>, in his dwelling-house; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-506-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-506-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-506-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-506-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-506-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-506-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-506-18600611 t18600611-506-punishment-5"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, June</hi>, 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1860.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SALOMONS</hi>, M.P.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABBISS</hi>; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-507">
<interp inst="t18600611-507" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-507" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-507-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-507-18600611 t18600611-507-offence-1 t18600611-507-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-507-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-507-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18600611" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18600611" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-507-18600611" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY HOWARD</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18600611-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-507-18600611 t18600611-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CORBEY</hi> </rs> (29)</persName>, was indicted for
<rs id="t18600611-507-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-507-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-507-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>feloniously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-507-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-507-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-507-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-507-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-507-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-507-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-507-18600611 t18600611-507-punishment-6"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-508">
<interp inst="t18600611-508" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-508" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-508-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-508-18600611 t18600611-508-offence-1 t18600611-508-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110012"/>
<persName id="def1-508-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-508-18600611" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18600611" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18600611" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-508-18600611" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIA WILLIAMS</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-508-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-508-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-508-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-508-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-508-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-508-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-508-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-508-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-508-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-508-18600611 t18600611-508-punishment-7"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-509">
<interp inst="t18600611-509" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-509" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-509-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-509-18600611 t18600611-509-offence-1 t18600611-509-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-509-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-509-18600611" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-509-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-509-18600611" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-509-18600611" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CATHERINE WILKINSON</hi> (23)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-509-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-509-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-509-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-509-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-509-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-509-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-509-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-509-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-509-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-509-18600611 t18600611-509-punishment-8"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-510">
<interp inst="t18600611-510" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-510" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-510-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-510-18600611 t18600611-510-offence-1 t18600611-510-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-510-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-510-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18600611" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18600611" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-510-18600611" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH TURNER</hi> (21)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-510-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-510-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-510-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-510-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-510-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-510-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-510-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-510-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-510-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-510-18600611 t18600611-510-punishment-9"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-511">
<interp inst="t18600611-511" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-511" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-511-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-511-18600611 t18600611-511-offence-1 t18600611-511-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-511-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-511-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18600611" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18600611" type="surname" value="WALTERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-511-18600611" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WALTER WALTERS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18600611-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-511-18600611 t18600611-alias-2"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BROWN</hi> </rs> (22)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-511-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-511-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-511-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloni
<lb/>ously uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-511-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-511-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-511-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-511-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-511-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-511-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-511-18600611 t18600611-511-punishment-10"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-512">
<interp inst="t18600611-512" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-512" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-512-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-512-18600611 t18600611-512-offence-1 t18600611-512-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-512-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-512-18600611" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18600611" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18600611" type="surname" value="WHITFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-512-18600611" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLOTTE WHITFIELD</hi> (30)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-512-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-512-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-512-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counter-feit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-47" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-47" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-47" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE BARRETT</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the White Swan iu Chandos-street, Covent-garden—on 5th May the prisoner came and called for a glass of ale—I served her myself, and she tendered in payment a half-crown—I immediately saw it was a bad one—I bent it and showed it her, and demanded another—she had then drank a part of the beer—on my showing her that half-crown she took another from her hand—I bent that, and I told her that was bad as well, and I demanded another—she took another from her hand and that was bad also—I did not bend that; I showed it to her, and she screamed and ran away fast—I sent the potman aftet her; he took her to the station—I gave the half-crowns to my husband—the prisoner did not drink all the beer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-48" type="surname" value="RADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-48" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RADFORD</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">Police sergeant, 12 P</hi>). The prisoner was given into my custody—these half-crowns were given to me by Mr. Barrett—the prisoner gave a place of abode which was false—Mr. Barrett is not here—these half-crowns were produced before the Magistrate when Mr. and Mr. Barrett were there—Mr. Barrett was not bound over.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-49" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-49" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-49" type="given" value="MARY JANE"/>MARY JANE BARRETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). These are the two half-crowns which I received from the prisoner and bent—this other one I believe to be the third that she tendered to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-50" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am Inspector of coin to the Royal Mint—these half-crowns are all bad—they are very light indeed.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Deposition.</hi> I received the money from a friend of mine, a Scotch gentleman. I had not the least idea it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-512-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-512-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-512-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-513">
<interp inst="t18600611-513" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-513" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-513-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-513-18600611 t18600611-513-offence-1 t18600611-513-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-513-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-513-18600611 t18600611-513-offence-1 t18600611-513-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-513-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-513-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18600611" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18600611" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="def1-513-18600611" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD BIRD</hi> (31)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-513-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-513-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-513-18600611" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def2-513-18600611" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def2-513-18600611" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL TAYLOR</hi> (27)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18600611-513-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-513-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-513-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-53" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-53" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I keep a public-house in St. Martin's-lane—on Saturday night, 5th May, the two prisoners and another man came to my house between 10 and 11 o'clock—they had a pint of porter—while they were there I heard something which induced me to follow them—I saw the two prisoners go into Mr. Kirby's shop—the third man was at the door—I went to the door-way and the third man rushed by me and made his escape—he got away as I entered the shop—I heard Bird ask for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of pudding; he was served with it and he put down a shilling—I saw Mr. Kirby take it up and bend it—he put it on the counter and Bird took it up and swallowed it—I had spoken to a policeman before, and he came in and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110013"/>
<p>took Bird by the throat and tried to get the shilling out of his mouth—he struggled and resisted very much—the prisoners were both taken in custody on the spot.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Bird. Q.</hi> How did I resist the policeman?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You pushed him, and I believe you struck him—I did not say at the police-court that I was on the pavement.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-54" type="surname" value="KIRBY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-54" type="given" value="THOMAS JOHN"/>THOMAS JOHN KIRBY</persName> </hi>. I keep an eating-house in Long Acre—I saw the two prisoners come into my shop on the 5th May at 11 o'clock at night—Bird called for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of pudding—he gave me a shilling—I took it up and put it in my mouth and bent it very easily—I asked him if he knew what it was—he said it was a shilling—I told him it was a bad one—I laid it on the counter, and he put it in his mouth and swallowed it—the police
<lb/>man came in and seized him by the throat to prevent his swallowing it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-55" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-55" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WATTS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, 82 F.</hi>) I was on duty in Long Acre on the night of the 5th May—I saw the two prisoners and another come out of the public-house and go into Mr. Kirby's shop—I went into the shop and Bird turned and saw me, and he took the shilling and swallowed it—I seized his throat but it was gone too far—he was very violent—he did not assault me—I found good money on both the prisoners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-56" type="surname" value="WENSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-56" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT WENSLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, 36 F</hi>). I went into Mr. Kirby's shop—I saw Taylor standing by the side of Bird—I asked Taylor what he had got in his hand—he said, "Nothing"—I seized his hand; he struck me on the side of the head and knocked my hat off—I found on him a good shilling and a bad one.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-57" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad shilling.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Bird.</hi> The officer came in and seized my throat; if I had had a shilling he must have found it. I could not have swallowed it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Taylor.</hi> I was going up St. Martin's-lane and met Bird; we went and had some porter and gin; I paid with a half-crown; we went on and nwet two others and we had some more porter. We went to Mr. Kirby'a to get some pudding, the policeman came in and said, "What have you got in your hand?" I said, "nothing," and he seized me, and I dare say I might have struck him. He says I had a good shilling and a bad one; I took them in change for the half-crown. How was I to know that it was bad money?</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-513-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-513-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-513-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-513-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-513-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-513-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-513-18600611 t18600611-513-punishment-11"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-513-18600611 t18600611-513-punishment-11"/>Confined Nine Months each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-514">
<interp inst="t18600611-514" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-514" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-514-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-514-18600611 t18600611-514-offence-1 t18600611-514-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-514-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-514-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18600611" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18600611" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="def1-514-18600611" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED GREGORY</hi> (17)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-514-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-514-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-514-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-59" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-59" type="given" value="SAMUEL SIMPKIN"/>SAMUEL SIMPKIN FISHER</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, and live in London-road, Bromley—the prisoner came to my shop on 7th April for a quarter of an ounce of tobacco; it came to 13/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered me a bad shilling—I told him it was bad—he said he did not know it—I sent for a policeman and gave him in custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-60" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, 85 K.</hi>) On 7th April Mr. Fisher gave the prisoner into my custody and he gave me this bad shilling—I searched the prisoner; he had on him three half-pence and two farthings—he gave the name of John Smith, Old Montague-street, Whitechapel—I did not find anybody there that knew him—he was taken before the Magistrate and remanded, and discharged on 10th April.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-61" type="surname" value="MARR"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-61" type="given" value="GEORGE ALFRED"/>GEORGE ALFRED MARR</persName> </hi>. I keep the Seven Stars public-house, in High-street, Bromley—on 4th May I received a bad 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece from my wife—the prisoner was at the bar—I went round tho bar and asked him where he got the piece—he said a man gave it him—and then again he said a man asked</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110014"/>
<p>him to go for a walk at Mile End-gate, which is some distance from my house, and he gave it him and asked him to go with the bottle and get a quartern of gin—I went out and saw the policeman, and gave him the prisoner and the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, which I got from Mr. Marr—she bit it with her teeth—she is not here, she is not able to leave her bed; she was confined on the 23d of May.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-62" type="surname" value="POLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY POLLAND</persName> </hi>. I am employed in the Mint department of the Treasury—I was present when Mr. Marr was examined before the Magistrate—I heard her give her evidence; the prisoner was present—what she said was taken down—the prisoner had an opportunity of cross-examining her.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of Elizabeth Louisa Marr was here read as follows</hi>:—I am the wife of George Alfred Marr, who keeps the Seven Stars—the prisoner came to our house about 11 o'clock at night on the 4th instant—he asked for half a quartern of gin; I served him and he gave me in payment a bad florin, which I bent with my teeth, and before I could tell him it was bad, he put down a good shilling, which I picked up—I called my husband and gave him the florin—the prisoner said a man gave it to him with the bottle and told him to come and get the gin.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-63" type="surname" value="DREW"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-63" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>TIMOTHY DREW</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, K</hi> 387). I took the prisoner on 4th May—I got this florin from Mr. Marr—the prisoner said he lived at 16, Little Collingwood-street—that is in Bethnal-green, but the prisoner said he thought it was in Mile-end—I inquired there, but could find nothing about him—I found on him one halfpenny.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-64" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This shilling and this florin are bad.</p>
<rs id="t18600611-514-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-514-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-514-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to Mercy by the Jury</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-514-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-514-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-514-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-514-18600611 t18600611-514-punishment-12"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-515">
<interp inst="t18600611-515" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-515" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-515-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18600611 t18600611-515-offence-1 t18600611-515-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-515-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-515-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18600611" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-515-18600611" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS SMITH</hi> (23)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-515-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-515-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-515-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-66" type="surname" value="BATH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BATH</persName> </hi>. I am a draper and live in Kingsland-road—on 7th May, between 10 and 11 o'clock at night the prisoner came and asked for a pair of stockings, my wife served him—he put down a half-crown—I gave him 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change and he left—I kept the half-crown in my hand, and directly afterwards I found it was bad—I ran after him and came up with him about 30 yards off—I said "You gave me a bad half-crown"—he said, "Indeed sir, I will go back with you"—I said, "Where are the stockings and the change?"—he said, "I gave them to my
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi>"—I said "Where is your
<hi rend="italic">pal</hi>?—he said he did not know, but he believed he could get the stockings and the change for me—I went some distance with him, and he took me to a dark road—I did not like to go down, and I gave him in charge to a policeman—I gave the policeman the half-crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was the road lighted with gas?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot say—it was a new road, and it was dark.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-67" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-67" type="surname" value="ATHERTON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-67" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ATHERTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 374). I took the prisoner in custody on 7th May, between Kingsland-road and Derby-road—I received this half-crown from the last witness—I searched the prisoner, but found nothing on him—he gave his address at 9 Brick-lane, Whitechapel—I went there, but nobody knew him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-68" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-68" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half-crown is bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I went down Kingsland-road, and I met a young fellow who gave me a half-crown and asked me to get him a pair of stockings; I said I would, and I did; I gave him the stockings and the change. The prosecutor came to me, and I said I would try to find the man, and I could not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-515-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-515-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-515-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-515-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-515-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-515-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-515-18600611 t18600611-515-punishment-13"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-516">
<interp inst="t18600611-516" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-516" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-516-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18600611 t18600611-516-offence-1 t18600611-516-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110015"/>
<persName id="def1-516-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-516-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18600611" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18600611" type="surname" value="WORLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-516-18600611" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH WORLEY</hi> (25)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-516-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-516-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-516-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-70" type="surname" value="SEELEY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-70" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SEELEY</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the San public-house, in Little Sutton-street, Clerkenwell—on Friday 11th May the prisoner came to our house—he wanted a quartern of gin, I served him—it came to 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a shilling, I gave him change, and put the shilling in the till—there was no other shilling there—the prisoner left the house, and in a few minutes my mistress came in; she went to the bar, and took out that shilling, and it was a bad one—I had not put any other money in the till after that shilling—Mr. Barber was there, and she saw the man I took the shilling from—on the next evening the prisoner came again; I knew him again—I spoke to my mistress, Mr. Miller—the prisoner asked for a glass of rum; it came to 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered in payment a shilling—Mr. Miller took it, and it was a bad one—I told him he had given me one the night before—he said he had not been in the house—I told him he had—I am sure he had.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-71" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-71" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>ELLEN BARBER</persName> </hi>. I was in the Sun public-house on the evening of 11th May—I saw the last witness serve a young man with the gin—I could not swear that the prisoner was the man; it was one very much like him—she served him—I could not say what she received from him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Do you remember saying on Saturday that you could swear to the man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; you said "Come in and see whether you know me"—I said, "I don't want to come in,"—I believe you to be the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-72" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-72" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN MILLER</persName> </hi>. On Friday night, 11th May, I went to my till and found a bad shilling—my barmaid described the person who gave it her—she said she should know him in a minute—there was no other shilling in the till neither good nor bad—I marked the shilling and put it by itself—on the next night I was there when the prisoner came to the bar—Seeley pointed him out to me; he asked for a glass of rum—the barmaid served him and he put down a bad shilling—I said to him "You are the man I want; you was here last night,"—he said, "I was not in the house before,"—I said, "Whether you was or not I shall lock you up"—I bent the shilling which he gave me and he said, "Don't disfigure it, I am a hard working man"—I sent for a constable and gave the two shillings to him—I marked the one that I found in the till on the Friday night—Mr. Barber came in for her supper beer, and I said "The man is here that passed the bad shilling"—she said she believed he was the man—he said to her, "Come in," but she did not—I had heard the prisoner's voice on Friday night, and I knew his voice again on Saturday.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-73" type="surname" value="TRAWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-73" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TRAWIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, 446 A</hi>). I took the prisoner in custody—I found on him a half-crown, a shilling, a sixpence, and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—Mr. Miller gave me these two shillings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-74" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-74" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> Mr. Miller called the young woman to say I was the man. I asked her several times and she would not make me an answer. Mr. Miller said, "I am sure he is the man, I know his voice." I can assure you I am not guilty of going in the house on Friday, and the other, I did not know it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-516-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-516-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-516-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-516-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-516-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-516-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-516-18600611 t18600611-516-punishment-14"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-517">
<interp inst="t18600611-517" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-517" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-517-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-517-18600611 t18600611-517-offence-1 t18600611-517-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-517-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-517-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18600611" type="surname" value="WALLIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-517-18600611" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WALLIS</hi> </persName> (23,) was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-517-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-517-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-517-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence. (
<hi rend="italic">See page 66.</hi>)</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOKE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-76" type="surname" value="WAKEFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-76" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW WAKEFIELD</persName> </hi>. I keep the Robin Hood and Little John in</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110016"/>
<p>Skinner-street—on the afternoon of 17th May, the prisoner came and called for half a quartern of gin and some hot water—I served him and be put down a bad shilling—I tried it and bent it double—I told him it was bad, and asked him if he had got any more—he then seemed to be very drunk, and I went round to him and said to him "Have you got any more?—he gave me another shilling; I gave it to my wife, she tried it and it was bad—I asked the prisoner if he had any more and he pulled out a good sixpence—my wife gave him 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I gave him both the shil
<lb/>lings back—I went out and got a policeman—the prisoner was then outside the door going away—I followed him to the station, and at the station two bad shillings were produced—I could not swear that they were the same that he had offered to me; they were very much like them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-77" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-77" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WALSH</persName> </hi>. I am a porter—I happened to be in Skinner-street—I saw the prisoner tussling with the policeman—he threw down two coins, I gave them to the policeman, they were two bent shillings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-78" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-78" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT BACON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi> 617). The prisoner was given into my custody—I found two bad shillings in the lining of his hat—there was a piece of tissue paper in his hat, but that is lost—I found one bad shilling in the watch pocket of his waistcoat—I found three good sixpences, a 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. piece, a 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. piece, and 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper, in his left trousers pocket—I found Home envelopes on him—he gave an address but I could not find that he was known there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Where were the two shillings found?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the lining of your hat; but when I took the hat off they fell down; they were in the hat—I did not say I found them on your head, they were in your hat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-79" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-79" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi> 667). These are the two shillings that Walsh brought.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-80" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These five shillings are all bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I don't deny uttering the coins; but I deny having any knowledge of their character. I don't think any one would go in a house having a knowledge of bad coin; it would be very contrary to common sense, but an innocent man may be imposed upon: any one is liable to a misfortune of having bad coin. I lent some money to a young man; I pressed him for payment, and he paid me—I suppose it might be bad; I don't know how the coins came in my hat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-517-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-517-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-517-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-517-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-517-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-517-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-517-18600611 t18600611-517-punishment-15"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, June</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1860.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALLEN</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CONDER</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABBISS</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-518">
<interp inst="t18600611-518" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-518" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-518-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-518-18600611 t18600611-518-offence-1 t18600611-518-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-518-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-518-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-518-18600611" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-518-18600611" type="surname" value="LOFTY"/>
<interp inst="def1-518-18600611" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD LOFTY</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-518-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-518-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-518-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Robbery on
<persName id="t18600611-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-82" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-82" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-518-offence-1 t18600611-name-82"/>Caroline Simmons</persName>, and stealing from her person 1 purse and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money her property, and beating and striking her:</rs> he
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to the robbery but not to the violence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-518-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-518-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-518-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-518-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-518-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-518-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-518-18600611 t18600611-518-punishment-16"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi>"</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-519">
<interp inst="t18600611-519" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-519" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-519-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-519-18600611 t18600611-519-offence-1 t18600611-519-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-519-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-519-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18600611" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18600611" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-519-18600611" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN COLLINS</hi> (24)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-519-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-519-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-519-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, Feloniously cutting and wounding
<persName id="t18600611-name-84" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-84" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-84" type="given" value="ELIZABETH SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-519-offence-1 t18600611-name-84"/>Elizabeth Sarah Green</persName>, with intent to murder her.
<hi rend="italic">Second Count</hi>, with intent to do her some grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110017"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METOALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-85" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-85" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-85" type="given" value="ELIZABETH SARAH"/>ELIZABETH SARAH GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am single and live at 47, York-street Beth
<lb/>nal-green, with my parents—I have known Joseph Endell for four years—I was engaged to be married to him; a quarrel took place between us—the prisoner then made proposals to me and I kept company with him rather better than two months—after that time I made it up with
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> and agreed to be married to him—we had the bauns published in the Church—after I made it up with
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi>, the prisoner did not say anything to me about marrying him and not marrying
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> after the banns were published—I saw the prisoner after the banns were published—on the night of 12th April I went out with a friend of mine to
<hi rend="italic">Joe's</hi> aunt's, Mr. Bacon, to tea—while there a young woman came to me—in consequence of what she said I went out—I found the prisoner there—he knocked at the street door just as I was going to open it—he said, "Come along,
<hi rend="italic">duckey</hi>; we won't run away"—I said, "What do you want here; I don't want you coming after me, it is no good"—when we had nearly got up to the arch he had his hands in his hind pocket, and in consequence of what Ann had told me, I thought he had something in his hand—I ran underneath the arch and he caught me up and said, "Do you intend marrying
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi>?" I said, "Yes, I do; so take yourself off,"—he then struck me on the head with a knife—when I last saw him he was at the side of me—I cannot say whether there was more than one blow; I only felt one—I fell in the road—I remember the witness dragging me up out of the road—we ran into a baker's shop—a doctor examined my head when I got home—I was taken to the doctor's assistant; the doctor was not at home—he examined me—my head bled a great deal—I have got things at home that are soaked—the blow was very violent—it was the blow that struck me down—I kept my bed a fortnight afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you a good deal frightened?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was dreadfully frightened—I have known the prisoner rather better than two months—he has been in the army—I have seen his papers—I know that he received an injury while he was on board a vessel; the
<hi rend="italic">Anna Hardy</hi>—it in
<lb/>jured his leg, but I don't know that it affected his head—he joined the Temperance Society after I knew him—I did not join it with him—he told me he joined it, but I never saw him join it—I believe he did join it because he attended the place—he did not take any drink—I joined it in Goldsmith's-row—I used to go out with him—we used not to have ginger
<hi rend="italic">pop</hi> when we went out—I had not been in the habit of taking a little too much—I broke the pledge and then the prisoner said he would break it—I never thought I should have made it up again with
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> and I told the prisoner so—I said it was partly in consequence of
<hi rend="italic">Joe's</hi> drunkenness—I never told the prisoner's father that I was going to have the prisoner—I never said a word to his father about having him—the banns were put up between me and
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi>—I went out with the prisoner several times after that—the banns were up a fortnight and I did not like to tell him—he heard of it first on Easter Sunday; this affair occurred on the Thursday after—I was to have been married to Joe three or four weeks after that—we have not been married yet—I know that the Sunday was the first time we told him about the banns beiug put up—my brother told him; not in my presence—I did not hear him—my brother went away on the Monday morning—he did not come back again between the Monday and the Thurs
<lb/>day—he lives in the country; at Battersea—I don't know how far that is from the prisoner's—the prisoner lives in Colling wood-street, Bethnal
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110018"/>
<p>can undertake to say that my brother George did not see him between the Sunday and the Thursday—I have two brothers—they both told him—they are not here—I had not had a drink with him on this night—on the Sunday night we had been drinking at the Green Man—he gave me a shilling once to get my mantle out of pledge—that was on a Sunday, but I do not know the day of the month—it was before the banns were put up—it was not on the Sunday before Easter Sunday—I think it was two or three weeks before Easter—the prisoner had made me a pre
<lb/>sent of a work-box—that was before he gave me the shilling—that was not after the banns had been put up—he also gave me his likeness—I once sent him a valentine—I was not keeping company with
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> all this time—
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> and I went together to the Church on the Monday to give instructions to have the banns put up—I had made up the quarrel with
<hi rend="italic">Joe</hi> only on the Saturday night—I had not seen him then since I had fallen out with him—he came two or three times to where I was at work but I did not see him—it was two months since I had seen him—after the banns were put up on the Monday, I had frequently gone out and walked with the prisoner—he had not made me presents at all after the banns were put up—on the Thursday night that this took place he came to where I was at a friend's house—he was half drunk—I am sure I had not been drinking anything with him—I said when I opened the door, "Why, what's the matter with you? you look mad"—I am still friends with
<hi rend="italic">Joe.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-86" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-86" type="surname" value="BECK"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-86" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN BECK</persName> </hi>. I live at 47, Seabright street, Bethnal-green—on the 12th April, about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, the prisoner came to me and asked where
<hi rend="italic">Lizzie</hi> was—we call Miss Green
<hi rend="italic">"Lizzie"</hi>—he had this large Spanish knife (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) with a spring behind in his hand—it was bran new—he had it open up his sleeve—I saw the blade of it shine—my mother was sitting there—I said, "Mother, he has got a knife"—I caught hold of his hand and held it open, and my mother took the knife from him—I then went with him to the place where
<hi rend="italic">Lizzie</hi> was—I went in—she came out with me—I told her about the knife—she and the prisoner walked on together—I saw the prisoner raise his hand two or three times and she fell to the ground; and then I saw the blood—he dropped the knife—I think he raised his hand before he struck—then I saw him strike and she fell directly—this (
<hi rend="italic">a smaller one</hi>) is the knife—I saw it in his hand at the time—he did not fall—he picked up the knife again—I dragged her along and we both ran together into the baker's shop, and he ran after us with the knife in his hand—he appeared to threaten again but did nothing; only ran after us—I cannot exactly swear as to how he was holding the knife—the prosecutrix went into the baker's shop—the other witness caught hold of the prisoner before he got up to the door—I did not look at her head when I picked her up—I was so frightened—I found a good deal of blood.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was the prisoner drunk?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long were you with him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not above half an hour at the outside—he was not stupidly drank; I think he knew what he said.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-87" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-87" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD MORLEY</persName> </hi>. I live at 75, Hare street, Bethnal-green, and am a butcher—on the afternoon of 12th April, about half-past 5 o'clock, I heard a screaming outside the shop—I went out and saw the last witnesses running and the prisoner after them—they ran into a baker's shop—he was stopped against the door—he had a small knife with him, something similar to this—he was following them, he was some yards off of them—I did not notice how he was holding the knife—I took it away from him—he was not running after them to take care of them—he was not very violent—the police constable then came up.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110019"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Then to the best of your opinion he was not going after them?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I think he was—I do not think he was running—I did not have much trouble to take the knife away from him—he had evi
<lb/>dently been drinking, he was in a very excited state—I did not take notice whether he made use of any expressions—it was a knife something similar to this, I think it was open; I should not like to swear whether it was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-88" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-88" type="given" value="JAMES THOMAS"/>JAMES THOMAS PORTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 210). I took the prisoner into custody on 12th April, near the baker's shop—he said, "Here I am, you can take me if you like; I have been and stabbed a young woman"—I said, "Nonsense, you don't mean to say that?"—Morley gave me the knife—the prisoner then said, "You don't mean to lock me up?"—I said, "Most decidedly I do"—he then flung himself on the ground and commenced kicking—he was tipsy—I took him to the surgeon's—I was then told that a young female had been stabbed—on the way to the station he said, "Is she dead?"—I said, "I don't know"—he said, "I hope she is, for I intended to kill her, and will some day"—I cautioned him against what he was saying as it might be brought against him—he said, "You may say what you like and be b----d, I have made up my mind to be hung for her some day"—I took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was he in a very excited state?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, not par
<lb/>ticularly—when he spoke to me he was not excited in the least—he was drunk—if he was drunk he was very slightly excited—he flung himself down with me on the ground—I came to the ground too, several times—he gave himself up to me in the first instance—I at onoe noticed that he was drunk.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-89" type="surname" value="SARVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-89" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SARVIS</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon of Winchester-street, Waterloo-town, Bethnal-green—I was called to attend the prosecutrix, and found a wound on the top of her head nearly three niches long, cut through the scalp and penetrating to the bone—there was a good deal of bleeding, and she was in a very low state—such a knife as this would inflict such a wound if used with great violence—it appeared to me to be done with violence—she was in danger.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is she out of danger now?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the bone was cut into, and sometimes there is exfoliation of the bone after that.</p>
<rs id="t18600611-519-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-519-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-519-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on the Second Count. Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of the bad treatment he received.</hi> </rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-519-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-519-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-519-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-519-18600611 t18600611-519-punishment-17"/>Three Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18600611-520" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-520" type="date" value="18600611"/>
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<persName id="def1-520-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-520-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18600611" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18600611" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-520-18600611" type="given" value="ALFRED HILLATT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HILLATT JONES</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-520-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-520-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-520-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 1 book, value 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-91" type="surname" value="PEDDER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-91" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-520-offence-1 t18600611-name-91"/>William Pedder</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutor stated that he wished to offer no evidence, the prisoner being insane.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-520-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-520-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-520-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18600611-521" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-521" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-521-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-521-18600611 t18600611-521-offence-1 t18600611-521-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-521-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-521-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18600611" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18600611" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-521-18600611" type="given" value="ALFRED HILLATT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HILLATT JONES</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18600611-521-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-521-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-521-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>for stealing 2 books value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-93" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-93" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-521-offence-1 t18600611-name-93"/>Benjamin Bryant</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-521-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-521-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-521-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-522">
<interp inst="t18600611-522" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-522" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-522-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-522-18600611 t18600611-522-offence-1 t18600611-522-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-522-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-522-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18600611" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18600611" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-522-18600611" type="given" value="ALFRED HILLATT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HILLATT JONES</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18600611-522-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-522-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-522-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/> for stealing 1 book, value 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-95" type="surname" value="HOLDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-522-offence-1 t18600611-name-95"/>William Holden</persName>; </rs>
<hi rend="italic">upon which no evidence was offered.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-522-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-522-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-522-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-523">
<interp inst="t18600611-523" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-523" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-523-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-523-18600611 t18600611-523-offence-1 t18600611-523-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-523-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-523-18600611 t18600611-523-offence-1 t18600611-523-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-523-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-523-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18600611" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-523-18600611" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS</hi> (23)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-523-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-523-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-523-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-523-18600611" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-523-18600611" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM GREEN</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-523-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-523-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-523-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pervertingJustice"/>, Unlaw
<lb/>fully assaulting
<persName id="t18600611-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-98" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-98" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-98" type="occupation" value="police-constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-523-offence-1 t18600611-name-98"/>Thomas Bell</persName>, a police-constable, in the execution of his duty to which they</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-523-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-523-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-523-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">See next case.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-524">
<interp inst="t18600611-524" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-524" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-524-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-524-18600611 t18600611-524-offence-1 t18600611-524-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-524-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-524-18600611 t18600611-524-offence-1 t18600611-524-verdict-2"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110020"/>
<persName id="def1-524-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-524-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18600611" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="def1-524-18600611" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM THOMAS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-524-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-524-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-524-18600611" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-524-18600611" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-524-18600611" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALEXANDER GREEN</hi> </persName> were
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted for
<rs id="t18600611-524-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-524-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-524-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>feloniously cutting and wounding
<persName id="t18600611-name-101" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-101" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-101" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-524-offence-1 t18600611-name-101"/>Thomas Bell</persName>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-102" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-102" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, D</hi> 214). On Saturday evening, 14th April, I was on duty in Cumberlaud-street, Bryanston-square, about a quarter past 8—I saw the dining-room window of No. 43, Cumberland-street open—I knocked at the door, the female witness came to the door and answered me, and while we were talking, a man who is not now in custody, came from a room, he said that he was engaged by the gentleman of the house—not feeling satisfied, I was about to push him backwards in the hall to secure him, when he sprang past me; I caught hold of his coat and we struggled together in the road for a minute or two—the two prisoners came up close alongside of me, and I saw them take from their coat sleeves a life-preserver each—they first hit me on the lower part of my back, then twice on my head—before that, when the man was on the ground, be called out, "Give it to the b----" it was after that that they took out their life-preservers—Green struck me first and Thomas afterwards—I turned round and said, "You are striking, the wrong one"—I thought they had come to assist me—they all three then made their escape—my head was cut open—I was unable to attend to my duty till 27th April—I am quite sure the prisoners are the two men that struck me—we were close by a lamp.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">for Thomas</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Then it was by lamp
<lb/>light this happened?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I was on the ground with the man under
<lb/>neath me—I was leaning over him to keep him down—the two men were close by the side of us—I had my attention on the man underneath me—this did not take above two minutes—I thought they had come to assist me—if they had hit the other man it would have been all right.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Green. Q.</hi> When you first saw me at the police-station why did you not recognize me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Because I was not quite sure about it, I was suffering from my head at that time, but the next time I saw you both placed together I knew you at once and you knew me—you struck me on the head first.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Green.</hi> At the police-court you said this man struck you first; I never struck you at all.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> You struck me on the head—I was first struck on the lower part of my back, and then I turned round and said, "You are striking the wrong one," and at that moment I received the blows—I could see your faces quite plainly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What had they on their heads?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They both had hats on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-103" type="surname" value="FRITH"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-103" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES FRITH</persName> </hi>. I am a groom in the service of a gentleman of 37, Great Cumberland-street—On the evening of 14th April I was outside the area gate three doors off from 43, the numbers run odd there—it was about a quarter past 8; I saw two men walking up and down on the same side as 43—after I had seen them walking up and down I saw a struggle going on in the street between a policeman and some man—I saw the two men go up to them, and all of a sudden I saw the fall of a stick or some instrument, and then I looked round and saw three men running away and the other lying on the ground—I am able to speak to Thomas with certainty, he was the last to run away; as he was running he made a stumble in the road and his hat fell off, he came rolling against me and said to me, "I will catch the b----s"—I said, "Yes, do"—I thought he was a
<hi rend="italic">swell</hi> running after them, they were running on in front—he was close to me when he picked his hat up—he ran after the other two as fast as he could go, when he had picked his hat up—I then went to assist the man who was on the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110021"/>
<p>ground; I found he was a policeman—his head was streaming with blood all over the pavement—Green is very much like the other man that I saw, but I cannot swear to him—he did not come close to me, Thomas did; I saw him again on the Tuesday week following, at the Marylebone police-court, and recognized him as soon as I walked in.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> He was where the prisoners stand I suppose?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—there were four oi them there—when I saw him in the street he had a hat and a loose coat on, and he looked like a
<hi rend="italic">swell</hi>—I am not aware that I had ever seen him before—I was not in employment at that time—I wag standing outside the gate—I am in tho employ of Mr. Franks, the banker-there was a gas-lamp about five yards off at the corner of the Mews—Thomas bad a hat on, the others had caps, one had a velvet cap—I am quite sure that both the others wore caps—I described the men to the policeman, he came and told me that he had caught them, and I went to the police-court and saw them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Green. Q.</hi> How far were you off from this affair when it happened?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It could not be far off, it was only three doors—I did not notice what sort of dress you wore—I don't know whether it was the same you have on now—the men ran past where I was standing—I, thought at first that they were drunken men struggling—I did not see that one of them was a policeman at first, it was done ail in a minute—if I had known what you were up to I should have ran after you and made an alarm—you threatened my life at the police-court when you were going out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLERK</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you given a description of the men before you saw them in the dock?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had of Thomas especially, to Mr. Howe, the inspector—as soon as I saw the four men in the dock I recognized Thomas, he looked at me as soon as he saw me, and no doubt he knew me as well.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-104" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-104" type="surname" value="BLYHE"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-104" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA BLYHE</persName> </hi>. I live at 43, Cumberland-street, Marylebone—On Saturday evening, 14th April, the police-constable Bell came to the door of the house and spoke to me; at the same time a man passed out of the house, the policeman tried to secure him—I afterwards saw the policeman knocked down in the road—the man who ran out of the house had not any business there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Green. Q.</hi> When you first saw me at the police-station, did not the policeman want you to swear that I was the man that was inside the house?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, he did not—I did not say I thought you were the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-105" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-105" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am a porter in Circus-street, New-road—On Satur
<lb/>day evening, 14th April, I was in Cumberland-street; I saw the man come out of 43, and saw a struggle take place between him and the policeman—I went over to where they were; I saw two other persons come up, they each pulled out a thing similar to a life-preserver, and struok him on the head with is—I can speak to Thomas as being one of the men; I saw him throw his cloak on one side and strike the policeman with his life-preserver—he had on what is called an Inverness Cape—I did not observe the other men at all, they ran away after the policeman was knocked down.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How far were you off from these men?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was close against them; I saw them for about two minutes, I had never seen them before—I saw them afterwards at the station, that was about ten days after, when the witness Frith was there—we went at the same time—they were then standing where the prisoners all stand—I was told that the men had been taken—Thomas had a hat on, I am quite sure of that—one of the other men had a cap; I think the third man had a hat; I think there were two hats and one cap—I went to the station and gave information</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110022"/>
<p>about this directly—I got the constable up and left him in charge of some persons and went to the station; I live in Bond-street; I was passing by accidentally at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLERK</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you, when you went to the station, give a description of the men who you had seen striking the policeman?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-106" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-106" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, S</hi> 111). On Tuesday morning, 17th April, I went to 41, Nightingale-street, about half-past 10—I found the two prisoners there in the front parlour playing cards with two females—I apprehended them on another charge—I told Thomas I wanted him for being concerned with others not in custody, for stealing plate in the Bermondsey-road on Sunday night, and advised them to go with me quietly—Thomas prepared to go—I walked to the door before him, and told him I should lead him, and he knocked and kicked me about—Green came out with a poker and struck all three of us, there were two other constables with me—Thomas put on his stockings and his boots before he left, and his Inverness cape—he took up the poker and said he would take our b----lives if we attempted to lead him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> But you are alive and well, I am happy to see?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am better than I was—Thomas has pleaded guilty to the assault upon me—I felt the effects of this for about ten days afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-107" type="surname" value="HAMLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-107" type="given" value="WILLITHORNE"/>WILLITHORNE HAMLEN</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Boreham of Cambridge-ter
<lb/>race—on the evening of 14th April the constable Bell was brought to Mr. Boreham's surgery about a quarter to 9—I found he had two wounds on his head; they were such wounds as would have been produeed by a life-preserver—he had been bleeding profusely, there was a quantity of blood on his coat.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-524-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-524-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-524-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GREEN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-524-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-524-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-524-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-524-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-524-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-524-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-524-18600611 t18600611-524-punishment-18"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-524-18600611 t18600611-524-punishment-18"/>Eight year's Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-525">
<interp inst="t18600611-525" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-525" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-525-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-525-18600611 t18600611-525-offence-1 t18600611-525-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-525-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-525-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18600611" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18600611" type="surname" value="GIFFARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-525-18600611" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CHARLES GIFFARD</hi> (19)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-525-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-525-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-525-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing a 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. note of
<persName id="t18600611-name-109" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-109" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-109" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-525-offence-1 t18600611-name-109"/>Robert Hobbs</persName>.</rs>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted ilie Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-110" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-110" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT HOBBS</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk at the East India United Service Club, is St. James's-square—the prisoner was also in that establishment as clerk—I recollect receiving on the night of 27th March a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note from Captain Roberts, in payment of some fees due to the-Club by him—he is a member of the Club—I cannot positively say what I did with that note—I cannot say at all—I might have placed it in my pocket, or in the desk; I cannot say which I did—I missed it the next morning—I remained in that night until I went to bed—the prisoner resides in the Club—he would not be in the club-room, he would be down stairs—he could go into that room tip to 2 o'clock—I went to bed at 12 o'clock—my clothes, were in the room on a chair—the prisoner could have access to those clothes—he slept in the same room—he had been in the club about nine months—I made my loss known next morning—the prisoner dictated a letter to the bank—he denied any knowledge of it—it was generally known throughout the house that the note was lost—I am answerable for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> This young man, T believe, is the son of a very respectable person?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He is—he has been in the service of the club between nine and ten months; during the whole of that time, to the best of my belief, he has borne an irreproachable character—he is kitchen clerk—the room in which I was, and in which I kept my books and desks, was not a room in which he would be in the course of his duty—I cannot Bafely recollect what became of the note after I received it—I have no</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110023"/>
<p>recollection whether I put it into my pockety—the gentleman from whom I received it is here—after this note was lost and recovered, the prisoner was suspended from the club—since his suspension there has been some other property missing; money stolen, or lost; notes and money—at that time he had nothing to do with the club—we have not found out up to the present time who the party is.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When did this second robbery take place?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On the Monday morning, 28th May, between the hours of 2 and 6 o'clock—the money was lost from the coffee-room, from the desk—I have no means of knowing whether it was stoleu by anybody on the premises, or by anybody who came into the coffee-room—it may have been stolen by somebody who came in there—I know nothing about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-111" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-111" type="given" value="HENRY CHARLES"/>CAPTAIN HENRY CHARLES ROBERTS</persName> </hi>. I recollect, about 27th March, paying a note to Mr. Hobbs, one night at the club—the number of the note was 78,432—I made a memorandum of it in my account-book when I got the note from the bank—I had another note at the same time—I scratched the note out from my book as I paid it away—I have my book' here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-112" type="surname" value="LAFONT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-112" type="given" value="JANE"/>JANE LAFONT</persName> </hi>. I reside at 23, Sherrard-street—I recollect one evening seeing the prisoner—I do not recollect what evening it was—I was first called on by the police with reference to this matter about 16th April—I do not know very well how long it was before that that I had seen the prisoner—it was either three weeks or before that—I saw him in Marylebone-etreet—I think it was before 10 o'clock—I took him to my house in Sherrard-street—that is not far from where I met him—he asked me if I had got change for a 101. note—I said, "Yes," so when I came in I rang the bell for Mary Ann Barclay, and she came up stairs, and I said, "This gentleman has got a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, will you change, it?"—he gave the note to her, he never gave it to me—she went and brought a bottle of wine, and brought the change back and gave it to him—I do not know exactly how long he stayed in my house; not quite an hour; three quarters of an hour perhaps—we went up stairs to a bedroom together—before Barclay returned, he rang the bell, because he was in such a hurry to get the money and go away—we went up to my room directly he came in—we only went into one room—I have got two rooms—there was a light in the room while he was there—I am quite sure he is the person—I was taken by a policeman to the club, and there I saw the prisoner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When you were taken to the club to see the prisoner at first, you did not say anything about whether he was the man or not, did you; you had a good look at him and said to the gentleman that took you, that you could not say anything about it; is not that so?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; we were sitting in a room and he came in, and he turned his face directly, so that I could not say exactly it was he, but I saw his side face and said, "I believe it is he; I cannot say very well;" and he said, "I will make him come round," and he gave him a can to go and fetch some beer, and he brought a glass of beer to me, and I saw directly that it was he—the first time I could not see his face exactly; I think he knew me, and turned his face that I should not see him—it was the policeman that took me to the club-house—he did not tell me before he took me there that there was a young man there that he wished me to look at—in the morning the police
<lb/>man came to me with another gentleman and asked me about the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note; he came up stairs with Mr. Barclay, and asked me if I knew the fellow that changed it, and I gave a description of him as much as I could, and he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110024"/>
<p>came back in the afternoon and said he thought he knew the young man, if I Jiked to go to the club and see if it was he—Barclay was with me when I went to the club—she was in the same room with me when the prisoner passed me—I was sitting on one side and she on the other—I did not say at first that the prisoner was not the man—another man came into the room before him, and I said that was not the man—the policeman told me before I went to the club—he did not show me somebody else first, but one came into the room—that person was very young, with black whiskers, but I did not say anything because that was not he—I never said the prisoner was not the person, I said, "I believe that is he, but I am not quite sure"—he turned his face—I have not made a mistake about this—I have never made a mistake in that way in my life—I have mistaken one person for another but not in such a thing as this—I believe I have in my life, mistaken one person for another, but I know this young man; I have not come here to say what I do not know—I do not know that I have ever in all my life, gone up to some person, and been on the point of speaking and found out that I was mistaken—I did not, when I saw his side face, say, "No," and then when he came round with the beer in his hand, say, "Yes; that is he"—I said at first, "I believe it is he," and then when I saw him well, I said, "Yes; it is he"—the room into which I and the young man went was on the second floor—the house was not far from where I met him; five or six houses—Mr. Barclay is the servant of the house—she was not out walking with me—when I and this young man went up to the room, Barclay was not in the room at all—after he had had a talk with me in that room he went away.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You gave a description of the young man to the policeman in the first instance?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he asked me if he had not black whiskers—I said, "No; he is too young; he had got no whiskers at all"—when I saw the full face of this young man, I knew directly that it was he; I was quite sure.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-113" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-113" type="surname" value="BARCLAY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-113" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN BARCLAY</persName> </hi>. I am servant at 23, Sherrard-street—I do not recollect the very night, but I recollect Mr. Lafont coming home with a young man, and I was sent to change a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—the prisoner is the person that came home with her that night—I was in the house when they came in—I did not see them come in—the person rang the bell and I went up stairs and the young man gave me the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note to change, and bring a. bottle of wine—I went and got it changed and brought the wine, and gave the young man the change—I got it changed at Mr. Crosier's, the Queen's Arms, Sherrard-street—I brought the wine and gave him the change—he asked if I would have a glass of wine, and I did—I am quite sure that is the young man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you open the door when they came in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The door is always open—I went up to the room when the bell was rung—the youug man himself handed me the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I happened to be in the passage at the time he went out—I was going with a message—the passage was lighted with gas, and up stairs all through the house—I was just at the parlour door, close to the stairs, when I saw him pass by—I did not say anything to him—on these occasions I do not stay in the room any longer than is necessary; I have no business—I took the wine in and counted the change into the young man's hand and told him to see if it was quite correct—I drank a glass of wine, and drank his health, I could not do any otherwise than be polite—I did not that night give any description at all of this young man to the police—Miss Lafont was not present when I gave a description—I was sent to come over to Mr. Crosier's about this affair—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110025"/>
<p>gave a description to the policeman of the person who changed the 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I gave the first description of him to the policeman—Miss Lafont was not present then—I did not afterwards tell her that I had done so—I was sent for to Crosier's—Miss Lafont was at home when the policeman came—she was not present when the policeman made a communication to me in the house—I afterwards sent there for her—she lived iu the same house at that time—I made no communication to her—I sent for her; it' was on the same day that I saw the policeman—I did not tell her that I had given a description to the policeman of the person who I believed had changed the note—I let her give her own evidence—I did not take her to Crosier's—I took her to no place—I am the housekeeper of the establishment—she gave the description herself, on the same day, I believe; I waa uot present—I do not know that she and I talked about the matter, as to what kind of a person it was—I knew the young man, I did not need to M told—I had not known him before, but by looking at him and giving him the money, I know him—we did not talk about the matter, only before the policeman—she told me she knew the young man, and I said I should know" him if I were to see him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you ever talk to her about what description you had given?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-114" type="surname" value="CROSIER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-114" type="given" value="SARAH ANN"/>SARAH ANN CROSIER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Crosier, of the Queen's Head, Sherrard-street—I recollect the last witness coming to me and changing a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I indorsed it—this is the note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—this is my writing on it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Can you fix the date when that was?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I should say that I kept it in my possession a very short time, because my husband was ill in bed from an accident, and on his brother coming to see him two or three days after, he gave him some money to give to the distillers; it did not go to our bankers—there has been a date cut out of this—there is "th," and "60"—that is my writing—when I indorse it I always put the day of the month—I did put the day of the month.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-115" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-115" type="given" value="RICHARD ADYE"/>RICHARD ADYE BAILEY</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the Bank of England—I believe this date on this note is 31st or 30th March, 1860—there is sufficient left to tell that—"March" is there, and a "3" and part of another figure, and "st," I think it is—that would be the 31st—it was paid in on 7th April—the number is 78,432.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-116" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM GORDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, A</hi> 336). On 16th May, I went with Mr. Taylor, the secretary of the club, to the Queen's Head, and after that, to 23, Sherrard-street—Miss Lafont and Mr. Barclay gave me descriptions of the-person who had been at the house with that note—I went in the evening with them to the club; I should think about 8 o'clock—they saw other besides the prisoner, as we were going into the room, and I asked them if any of them was the person, and they said, no—they would not take any notice of the persons they saw in the passage—they eventually identified the prisoner in my presence—I took him into custody—he said he wfes-innocent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that there was no evidence of larceny in this case; the probability was that the note was dropped, and if the prisoner found it, as it bore no mark showing to whom it belonged, his retaining it would not be a felony (See Reg. v. Thorbum Denison</hi>).
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JUSTICE CROMPTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that there was evidence to go to the Jury, he should tell them that if they considered he found the note, not knowing whose it was, and not having the means of knowing, it would be their duty to acquit him.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-525-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-525-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-525-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-526">
<interp inst="t18600611-526" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-526" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-526-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-526-18600611 t18600611-526-offence-1 t18600611-526-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110026"/>
<persName id="def1-526-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-526-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18600611" type="age" value="57"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18600611" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-526-18600611" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUGH BROWN</hi> (57)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-526-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-526-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-526-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a request for the delivery of 20 tons of coal and 20 tons of fire-bricks, with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-118" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-118" type="given" value="GEORGE MUNROE"/>GEORGE MUNROE KERR</persName> </hi>. I am a ship insurance and commission agent of 22, Nile-street, Glasgow, in partnership with Robert Tanner, and Mr. Wilson—I received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) in January last—we wrote an answer to that address.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-119" type="surname" value="EASTY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-119" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL EASTY</persName> </hi>. I have seen the prisoner write repeatedly—this letter is his writing and so is this other (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—one is dated 7th January, and the other 7th February, and here is another of 29th February—this letter of 30th February is also his writing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-120" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-120" type="given" value="GEORGE MUNROE"/>GEORGE MUNROE KERR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). In answer to this letter of 7th January we wrote this letter—(
<hi rend="italic">This was from Kerr and Co. to Gilkison and Co., dated Glasgow, 19th January, 1860, acknowledging the receipt of their letter, and stating the terms for freights to Trinidad and Demerara</hi>)—I afterwards received a letter dated 7th February, in consequence of which I directed a quantity of coals to be shipped on board the
<hi rend="italic">Mohqua</hi>, and in March sent two copies of the bills of lading—(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LEWIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the solicitor for the prosecution here proved the service of a notice on the prisoner to product on his trial the two bills of lading and all the letters)—Bill read</hi>: "20th March, 1860. Bill of lading by the
<hi rend="italic">Mohqua</hi> 50 hogsheads of coal and 20,000 fire-bricks."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did the prisoner refer you to Messrs. Gray and Bucannahan?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; by the first letter—I called on them in consequeuce of that to know what they knew of the firm, and Mr. Bucannahan gave me the substance of a letter which he had received from Mr. Brown—the London Directory is circulated in Glasgow; I did not look into it—we have agents in London, Duncan and Co.; we did not give them instructions on the subject—I never heard of his having been a partner in a firm at Glasgow—I had never heard of him before—we bought the coals of, I think, Messrs. Murray and Langham—I am not certain—there were fifty hogsheads, which came to somewhere about 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we have received money for freights on that vessel since the supply of these goods—as brokers we always collect the freight for the ship—we have received from 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. freight under this charter, which we shall keep until the case is over; but we have paid the charter party 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; we have put it to the debit of the freight—I do not know anything of a bill of exchange for the 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we judge from our correspondence that we have not received one—we have letters from fche owner stating that he has never received any security for the hire of the vessel, but we never put the question to him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where is the document?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the hands of our solicitor, I believe—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—we received it from Griffiths and Co.; it is dated 21st March—it is signed Gilkison, Brown, and Co.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is it for the charter party?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; that bill is not yet due—we got this bill to send to the owner as advised by the charter party—we got a telegram stating that there was no such party in London, in consequence of which we retained the bill—it was to become due on 24th June, between 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in cash, and one of the bills of lading which my Counsel does not produce—on Wednesday, 28th March, I went to Whitecross-street, where the prisoner was detained before he was given in custody, and told him that if he would give up the charter party and oancel the proceedings I would not take any proceedings, and I would take proceedings if he did not—he refused to give it up and I went to the Lord Mayor.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110027"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you agents to the owners?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the ship is put into our hands by Messrs. Duncan, our correspondents in London, and as soon as we heard that there was no Messrs. Gilkison and Brown, we wrote to the owners, taking upon ourselves the whole responsibility of the ship—if that bill is not paid we can pay ourselves—we are liable for the whole; we cannot tell what we shall lose—350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. is not the whole amount—the loss on the ship is likely to be 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we have not supplied the goods as well—we can secure ourselves.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. WAKF</hi>. I am the wife of Charles Wake, and live at 19, South-street, Finsbury—my husband met me on Sunday, and left me yesterday morning—I think he is now in Birmingham—I keep a lodging-house—the prisoner agreed with my husband, eight or ten months ago, to come and live there, but he never came—we left South-street in October 1859, and went to Ely-place, Holborn—we kept a place for the prisoner there, and removed his things to it, but he never occupied it—I went once to see him daring that time in Whitecross-street prison—he never paid me anything for rent—he was to board with me—I have let that room before at 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, but Mr. Brown intended to occupy only a bedroom.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you know that he was expected to come out of Whitecross-street very shortly?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I heard my husband say so, and I expected him out daily for some time—I know that arrangements were being made for the payment of his debts—we made no secret of our move to Ely-place from South-street; we put a ticket on the house—a great many letters were sent to Mr. Brown, both at South-street and Ely-place—this one (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) with the printed address was sent to both places—I heard my husoand say that Mr. Brown was one of the firm of Gilkison and Co.—things came from Liverpool direct to our house—I had seen him before the things came; my husband had known him for a little while before—he had not been acting for him; only selling a little on commission—he has taken orders for him—a circular was shown me, but I never saw it before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What were the things that came from Liverpool?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A writing-desk, a parcel of papers, and a parcel of clothing—they came, perhaps, two or three months before we left South-street; that was in the beginning of October—I never saw the prisoner except in Whitecross-street prison.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-121" type="surname" value="CONSTABLE"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-121" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN CONSTABLE</persName> </hi>. I am chief warder of Whitecross street prison—the prisoner was brought there in custody for debt, on 15th April—he was in custody under this warrant (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) which is dated loth April, 1859, and also on two detainers, and I believe I saw him on that day—he remained in custody till removed to be tried here.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> If the debts were discharged where would it be registered?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> At the Sheriffs office—I do not know whether he was actually discharged from two out of three of these debts—the amount of the warrant was 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and of the two detaniers the first was for 182
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the second for 88
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I know nothing of the case at the Sheriff's Court.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-122" type="surname" value="EASTY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-122" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>NATHANIEL EASTY</persName> </hi>. I am in the employment of Mr. Dimothy of Thames-street, a wharfinger—I at one time carried on business with Mr. John Nicholls, a ship and insurance broker; the prisoner was our managing clerk and book-keeper, at 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—he continued so up to April, 1858, when he left in debt.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you know that he had been in partnership with Gilkison and Co.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not of my own knowledge—when he came to our</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110028"/>
<p>firm he referred to Messrs. Stewart and Kerr of Liverpool, Mr. Dalgleish of the Commercial Bank at Liverpool, and I am not certain of the third firm, as we did not write to them—I never knew, except from hearsay, that he was a partner in the firm of Gilkison and Co.—I cannot say where I first heard of it—my impression is, that he did perhaps tell me that when he entered the firm—I believe he lived at 114, Faulkner-street, Liverpool—I received from him a circular after he left; it was something like this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), but I rather think this is fresh type; it is in substance like it—I received that when I was still at Liverpool—I do not know that it was sent by the prisoner—I know his writing—I did not notice the writing on the cover because it was torn off—I do not of my own knowledge know such a firm as Eccles of Glasgow—I believe he was in Liverpool after I received this circular—I do not know whether he had a place of business there, but his name was on the door at the Albany—Gilkison, Brown, and Co., or Gilkinson and Brown, but I was never there myself—that was, I believe, in 1857 or 1858; it was five or six months after the circular that I first saw the name on the door—I do not know how long it continued there—I do not know that it ever was there—I do not know that the name is erased now; it was there when I left Liverpool, in January—I have seen the name of John Liddle—I believe he collects rents for the Albany—I do not know Mr. Thomas Blaistel, the collector, or James Ireland—my oflice is in a different ward, and I know nothing at all about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he tell you whether Mr. Gilkison was alive or not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not remember, but I think not—(
<hi rend="italic">The Gazette was here put in, showing the sequestration of His estate of Gilkison and Brown, and stating thai the bankrupts proposed to the creditors a dividend of</hi> 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.
<hi rend="italic"> in the pound.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALEF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE MUNROE KERR</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is not the amount 560
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. altogether?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot say—the amount of the manifest is 649
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but in that is included the freight—of that amount, 649
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. 550
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has been paid.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALEF</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. WAKE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you seen these letters (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have seen some similar to them—they were delivered at our place for the prisoner about ten months ago—during the whole of that time papers and documents of that description were arriving addressed to Gilkison, Brown and Co. from the time he first came—they were sent to the prisoner—no people came there, only letters; they came by post—I have one of the papers with me which was brought from Liverpool—this other paper was delivered by post for the prisoner. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">proposed that these should be read, to which</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected, it not being shown that the prisoner had not posted them himself, and they were therefore withdrawn.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-123" type="surname" value="ROXBY"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-123" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY ROXBY</persName> </hi>. I am a ship broker and export wine and beer merchant, of 40, Lime-street—I have known the prisoner twenty-three years, and have done business for him—in November 1858 I think he was trading under the name of Gilkison, Brown, and Co.—thia charter party was made out for him in that name; all of them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you ever see those papers before which you have in your hand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—they are copies of charter parties—one has my writing on it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this a contract you entered into for him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> This is a copy of it, and is in the name of Gilkison, Brown, and Co.—I have known him twenty-three years—I knew him when he was trading with Gilkison and Brown—I think that firm failed, and I have heard that Mr. Gilkison was dead—I cannot say that I have heard that from the prisoner—I did not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110029"/>
<p>know him after that trading under the name of Hugh, Brown, and Co.—it was in Liverpool that this transaction took place; he represented himself as being at the Albany in Liverpool at the time these contracts were executed—he was trading in London when he signed this chaster-party, but he never bad any office in London that I am aware of.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> But he was known in London, and represented him
<lb/>self as carrying on business in Liverpool?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were his vessels ever loaded?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; but I believe these contracts were never carried out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> But you have the bill of lading there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; this is the bill of lading for the outward voyage—I never went down to Liverpool.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The Court considered that a case Of forgery was not made out.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-526-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-526-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-526-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">See New Court Wednesday.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, June</hi> 12
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1860.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>.—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">HENRY MUGGERIDGE</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Mr. Aid.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ABBISS</hi>; and</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COMMON SERJEANT</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-527">
<interp inst="t18600611-527" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-527" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-527-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-527-18600611 t18600611-527-offence-1 t18600611-527-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-527-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-527-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18600611" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18600611" type="surname" value="HAGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-527-18600611" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HAGAN</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-527-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-527-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-527-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-125" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-125" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>SOPHIA HOLLAND</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas William Holland, who keeps the Travellers Friend at Hounslow. On 8th June the prisoner came with three women and one woman whom he called his wife—I served him a pot of beer, the price was 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gaye me a shilling in payment, I gave him a 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in change—I thought the shilling was a bad one, and I laid it on the table, apart from other money—the prisoner and the women still remained in the tap-room, and after the prisoner and the women had gone into the tap-room, I gave the shilling to my servant to take to my husband iu the garden—about half an hour afterwards one of the women came out of the tap-room, the woman that the prisoner called his wife—she asked for half a quartern of gin—she gave me a shilling—I bent it on the counter, and the prisoner came out in an instant and took the shilling and broke it into four parts and threw it out of the front door and he gave me a sixpence to pay for the gin—I gave him 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—he said to the woman whom he called his wife, "Will you have a pot of beer V she said, "No"—he said, "Will you have a pint?"—and they had a pint and drank it—the prisoner paid me 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it, and he went out at the front door—the women were left in the house, and one of them came and asked me to give her a pipe of tobacco—I said I could not.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> When we went into the house I went right into the tap-room; one of the women called for a pot of porter, and you sent for two sixpences.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No I did not—I don't think you were in the house an hour and a half—I will not swear you were not there an hour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-126" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-126" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN NEALE</persName> </hi>. I am servant to the last witness—she gave me a shilling to take to my master, and I took it to him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Were you not dressed in black that day and playing the bells?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No; my young mistress was.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-127" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-127" type="given" value="THOMAS WILLIAM"/>THOMAS WILLIAM HOLLAND</persName> </hi>. My servant brought me a shilling on 8th June; I gave her two sixpences for it—I did not notice that the shilling was bad—I put it in my pocket, where there was a half-crown, but no other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110030"/>
<p>money—some time afterwards I saw the prisoner leave the house, and after that I examined the shilling and found it was bad—I followed the prisoner and gave him in custody—there were four women with him—the policeman took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you see me play the bells?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> There certainly was some one playing, and I took the stick away from them—I was not in the house five minutes before I came out after you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-128" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-128" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant 43 T</hi>). I took the prisoner in custody—I searched him, and found one 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, two shillings, ten sixpences, one id piece, one 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. piece, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in coppers, all good money—I received this shilling from Mr. Holland—the prisoner told me he changed a half-sovereign on the race-course.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-129" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This shilling is a bad one.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> I took down some scaffolding for persons to stand on, which was how I got so many sixpences; I saw a wagoner, and asked him to give me aud the young women a ride, and he did; we went to this house and stopped, and this young woman was playing the bells, and we were all dancing; we had three or four pots of beer. All I had was a pint of beer and a screw of tobacco. I never offered to pass anything away; all the money I had was what I got at the race-course. In the winter time I work at the gas-works. I have had no time, or T expected to have characters here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-527-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-527-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-527-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-527-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-527-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-527-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-527-18600611 t18600611-527-punishment-19"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-528">
<interp inst="t18600611-528" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-528" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-528-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-528-18600611 t18600611-528-offence-1 t18600611-528-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-528-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-528-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18600611" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18600611" type="surname" value="HODSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-528-18600611" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HODSON</hi> (20)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-528-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-528-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-528-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 104 yards of muslin, and other goods, value 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-131" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-131" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-131" type="given" value="JAMES ANGUS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-528-offence-1 t18600611-name-131"/>James Angus Holmes</persName>; to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-528-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-528-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-528-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-528-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-528-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-528-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-528-18600611 t18600611-528-punishment-20"/>Confined Six Montlis</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-529">
<interp inst="t18600611-529" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-529" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-529-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-529-18600611 t18600611-529-offence-1 t18600611-529-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-529-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-529-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18600611" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18600611" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-529-18600611" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WILSON</hi> (45)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-529-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-529-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-529-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, Unlawfully having in his possession a gimlet, a screwdriver, and a key implement for housebreaking.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The Witnesses did not appear.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-529-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-529-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-529-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-530">
<interp inst="t18600611-530" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-530" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-530-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-530-18600611 t18600611-530-offence-1 t18600611-530-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-530-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-530-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18600611" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18600611" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="def1-530-18600611" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE NASH</hi> (41)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-530-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-530-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-530-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 30 yards of calico the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-134" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-134" type="surname" value="CROCKER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-134" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-530-offence-1 t18600611-name-134"/>Jonathan Crocker</persName> and another.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DICKIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-135" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-135" type="given" value="FREDERICK MARTYA"/>FREDERICK MARTYA TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Jonathan Crocker and another—I know the prisoner very well—he came to our house twice a day to take goods away—he was carter to Mr. Baker, the calenderer—he used to come about 4 o'clock in the afternoon, to take goods out, and brought them the next day about 1 o'clock—we were satisfied with his conduct till we found that he took away goods that it was not intended for him to take—I saw this piece of calico (
<hi rend="italic">looking at it</hi>) about two minutes before he came on 8th May, it was safe, it had been put there and marked. I saw the prisoner take it away—it was not one of the pieces he was to take—it was not put amongst the property that he had a right to take—it was put very near the pieces that he was to take—they were on the floor, and this piece was about three feet from them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEST</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you set the trap?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I watched him—I saw this piece go—I did not stop him, because the policeman was outside to do it—I did not follow him out, I left it to the policeman altogether.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How was the prisoner to know what he was to take?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> What he was to take were placed in a particular place—this piece was near to them—one of our men gave the prisoner the goods he was to take—that</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110031"/>
<p>man was not there when the prisoner took this, he was called away for the moment, and the prisoner took this with some others which he had not taken away before—this was not to be glazed—the prisoner could see me plainly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-136" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant 4 P</hi>). On 8th May I was watching opposite Messrs. Crocker's warehouse in Watling-street—I saw the prisoner come up with a horse and cart for some goods—I saw him go inside and take away six or seven pieces which he had been ordered to take away, which he put into the cart—he then went back for six or seven more pieces, which he was to have taken, and at that time he took this piece off a pile by the side of thoso which he was taking away, and he put it in his cart with the others—he immediately drove away, and I followed him in a cab to Shoreditch—I saw him stop opposite the Bell public-house—he got out of the cart and looked about for a minute or two, and then he gave the boy that was with him some money to go and buy something, I did not know what, but afterwards I ascertained it was pies—in the meantime the prisoner tied this piece of fur
<lb/>niture in this handkerchief—he took it into the bar of the public-house and gave it to the barman—I stepped in after him—I took hold of it and asked him what he had got there—he said something that he was going to take with him in the morning—I said" What is it?"—he looked at me very hard—I said, "Don't be alarmed, I am only a policeman"—he then opened it, and I saw this piece of print—I said, "I must take you in custody for stealing this from Mr. Crocker's warehouse, I saw you do it"—he said I could not have seen him do that—I said I did, and I saw him put it in the cart—he then went to the cart—I followed him home, and gave the cart to his masters—I then went to his own house and found some other goods—when I was there, he said, "I know I did wroug, I was going to take it back to-morrow morning"—I took him to the station and charged him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> As you were watching all the time and saw him come out with this calico, why did you not stop him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Because I thought he would make an excuse and say he took it by mistake—I was not far behind him when I was in the cab—sometimes I was very close—his cart was a covered cart—he was driving it—I pulled up when he pulled up—when I saw him stop I got out of the cab and walked up close to him—I saw him give the boy money, and saw him bring the pies back.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-530-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-530-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-530-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-531">
<interp inst="t18600611-531" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-531" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-531-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-531-18600611 t18600611-531-offence-1 t18600611-531-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-531-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-531-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18600611" type="age" value="41"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18600611" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="def1-531-18600611" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE NASH</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18600611-531-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-531-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-531-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>for stealing 6 yards of calico, the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-138" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-138" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-138" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-531-offence-1 t18600611-name-138"/>George Baker</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DICKIE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted ike Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-139" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-139" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BAKER</persName> </hi>. I live at Clapton with my brother George—he is a calenderer—the prisoner was in his employ—we did not miss these pieces of calico, but the officer brought them back,—three or four pieces—I can't tell on what day; about a month ago—I recognise these as having been sent to glaze by my brother—they had been delivered to the prisoner to take home to a customer—these are Mr. Walter's, he is the only customer that will allow us to cut patterns off the pieces, and if these patterns are not delivered at the warehouse they would be missed—I made the mark of Mr. Walter on these pieces—here are four patterns, and here is the mark I put on them—they had been sent to my brother to be glazed—I delivered them into the cart, and the prisoner had charge of the cart—I have no doubt of these having been in our possession, and the prisoner had no right to have them in his possession at home—I never gave them to him as a present—I gave them to him to take back to the warehouse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-140" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM COLLINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, P</hi> 4). I searched the prisoner's house</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110032"/>
<p>on 8th May; I found these pieces of calico there and some more—I said to him, "How came you by these?"—he said, "My master's brother gave them to me to make patch-work"—these have been in my possession ever since—I showed them to Mr. Baker on the 9th, and he identified them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-141" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-141" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BAKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Has the prisoner's master any other brother but you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I never gave these pieces to the prisoner for patch-work; nor any pieces like these—if any men ask for pieces to make patch-work of, I have always pieces to give them, but not patterns.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have done pieces of these patterns for Mr. Walter?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and these were put in the prisoner's cart for him to deliver to Mr. Walter.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BEST</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You don't remember when these goods were in the warehouse?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I do; I can't tell exactly the time when I saw them last—I don't know that there is any mark that I put upon them that will enable me to swear that they were in our possession—here is the mark "28" in figures, and that is the only firm that we cut patterns off.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18600611-531-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-531-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-531-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, June</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1860.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr. Justice Crompton; Sir John
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUSGROVE</hi>, Bart. Ald.; and Sir Henry
<hi rend="smallCaps">MUGGERIBDGE</hi>, Knt. Ald.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Jmtice Crompton.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-532">
<interp inst="t18600611-532" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-532" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-532-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-532-18600611 t18600611-532-offence-1 t18600611-532-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-532-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-532-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-532-18600611" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-532-18600611" type="surname" value="HANSFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-532-18600611" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD HANSFORD</hi> (26)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18600611-532-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-532-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-532-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>for stealing whilst employed in the Post-Office, 2 letters, one containing a sovereign, the other, 2 sixpences, the property of
<persName id="t18600611-name-143" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-143" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-532-offence-1 t18600611-name-143"/>Her Majesty's Post-master General</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLEARK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-144" type="surname" value="GARDNER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-144" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN GARDNER</persName> </hi>. I am one of the senior clerks at the General Post-Office—in consequence of complaints from the North Eastern district office, Bethnal-green-road, I directed a test letter to be made up on 28th May, addressed to Mr. J. Easton, 35, Forest-place, Leyton, Essex—it was directed in my presence by Mr. Clare—I enclosed in that letter a half-sovereigu aud an American two and a half dollar piece—I secured the envelope with adhesive matter, and then gave it to Mr. Clare, one of the inspectors of letter carriers, with instructions to post it the following morning—I had also given previous instructions to Mr. Reeves, the inspector of the North Eastern district office—if the letter was posted according to my directions to Mr. Clare, it would reach the North Eastern office at about twenty minutes past 5 in the morning—in consequence of some information, I went to the post
<lb/>office receiving house of the North Eastern district in Bethnal-green-road at about twenty minutes past 8 in the morning—the prisoner was brought to me there in a private room, I asked him if he was on duty at the North Eastern district office this morning, he said he was; I asked him what time he arrived there, he said, "About twenty minutes past 5"—I asked him if he knew anythiug of a money letter addressed to Leyton—he said he did not—I then directed the police officer Bingham, who was present, to search the prisoner, and from his left hand coat pocket inside, Bingham took the letter addressed to Mr. J. Easton—I said to the prisoner, "Why here is the letter I have been inquiring about, the officer has just taken it out of your pocket," and, I asked him how he accounted for its being there—he replied, "I do not know how it got there"—I then said, "You can't very</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110033"/>
<p>well have a letter in your pocket without knowing how it got there"—he said, "I put it there myself"—I said, "Where did you get it from?"—he made no reply—when he was brought into the private room he had some other letters in his hand, which he had not delivered—I asked him why he had not delivered each letter as I looked them out separately; that applied to all but the letter addressed to Woodford; that was not in his district, it was addressed to Master James Carter, Grove House, Woodford-green, Essex; this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I said to him, "Here is a letter addressed to Woodford-green, how do you account for its possession?"—he said, "I found it amongst my letters, I found both letters amongst my letters, and intended to have written upon them and sent or taken them back to the office"—I said, "But when you set your letters in, you must have seen these letters amongst them"—the prisoner replied that he did not set his letters in—setting them in means arranging them in order for delivery—I asked him, "Who did set the letters in?"—he replied, "Cheatham"—he is a letter carrier employed in the North Eastern office; the prisoner's walk was the Abbey-street walk, Bethnal-green, he had, nothing whatever to do with the Essex letters; if a letter was mis-sorted he had no right to take it out of the office at all—I opened the letter addressed to James Carter before the Magistrate; it contained two sixpences, they could be felt through the letter—I have not opened the other letter—(
<hi rend="italic">the witness here opened the letter</hi>) there are two coins here, a half-sovereign, and an American coin—I have not examined them—the post-mark is on the letter addressed to Carter, the date is 19th May, posted in the Eastern district on 28th, it would be dated on 29th; if it were posted late at night it would bear the stamp of the following morning—you could feel the money through both letters from the outside.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say he had nothing to do with the Essex letters in his delivery, had he anything to do with the sorting of those letters?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; they might pass through his hands in the sorting.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-145" type="surname" value="CLARE"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-145" type="given" value="WILLIS"/>WILLIS CLARE</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of letter carriers at the General Post
<lb/>Office. On 28th May, I addressed this letter to Mr. J. Easton, which has been produced by Gardner—I saw him enclose the money in the letter, he fastened it and gave it to me—I posted the letter at the General Poet-Offiee, about 5 o'clock on the morning of 29th, I put it in the letter-box—it would leave the General Post-Office to go to the North Eastern district, about a quarter past 5, the bag would arrive within ten minutes of the time of its despatch—I afterwards went with Gardner to the receiving office, when the prisoner came to have his card signed—when a letter carrier has finished his delivery he has his card signed, that we may know at what time he has finished his delivery—a letter posted at Bow addressed to Woodford-green, Essex, about 7 in the evening of 28th, would come in due course to the Geueral Post-Office, and it would go with the 5 o'clock despatch to the North Eastern district; that was the same despatch as this other letter went by—when the Essex letters get to the North Eastern district, they are put before the letter carriers to sort, and then they go in a cart to the Woodford and Leyton post-office.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-146" type="surname" value="REEVES"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-146" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD REEVES</persName> </hi>. I am the inspector of the North Eastern district office—the prisoner was employed as a letter sorter and letter carrier at that office—many others were employed on the morning of 29th in sorting letters besides the prisoner—I recollect the bag arriving with the letters from the General Post-Office, on that morning at about twenty-five minutes past 5—I think I opened the bag and took out the letters; among them I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110034"/>
<p>found this letter, addressed to Mr. J. Easton, Forest-place, Leyton, Essex—I knew there would be such a letter—it was not loose in the bag; it was with two or three others—I put it into a bundle with some other letters and placed it before the prisoner; he did not touch the bundle—I cut the string and opened the bundle, and left the letters before him to sort; he sorted the letters—there are two boxes, one called the Hackney box and the other the Loughton box—they are placed before the sorter—the letter addressed to Leyton should have been put by the prisoner into the Loughton box—most likely among the bundle there would be letters for him to deliver on his own walk—he would sort them to another department for the town letters—the Loughton letters were tied up in bundles, put into a bag, sealed up, and sent from the office to Loughton in a mail cart—if letters have been sorted for the town delivery, they are set up by the carriers who have to deliver them—the prisoner's walk on this morning was Abbey-street walk—there were two other letter carriers at the office that morning who had to deliver letters upon that same walk; Cheatham and Gargrave—the letters for the town delivery are sorted for each walk, and the carriers who have to deliver them on a particular walk divide the letters between them—the prisoner left the office on this morning to deliver his letters at twenty-eight minutes after 7—I saw him running through the letters before he tied them up—that is not what we call setting them up: they would have been set up before that, but they all arrange them before they leave the office—Cheatham had set some of them in the first instance, and I expect the prisoner did some himself—when the prisoner had left I looked at the letters for Leyton, which were already tied up—after they are brought to the room they are thrown over to the different towns and villages—I looked to see if the letter for Mr. Easton was there; it was not there—I then made a communication to Mr. Gardner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you look over my letters to see if the letters were not there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not touch yours—I said I saw you look through the letters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-147" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-147" type="surname" value="CHEATHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-147" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE CHEATHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a letter carrier at the North Eastern office—I am employed on the Abbey-street walk, the same as the prisoner—Gargrave is also employed on the same walk—the letters for the Abbey-street walk are all sorted together into one mass and then divided among the three carriers on the walk—Gargrave divided the first—each letter carrier takes a particular part of the walk, and the letters are separated according to the part of the walk that each carrier is going—after they are separated into three parcels they are then what we call set in; arranged in the order of delivery; usually each man does that for himself—if we are setting in the letters and find a mis-sorted letter not belonging to the walk, we put it in the right box—on the morning of the 29th I set in my own letters; I after
<lb/>wards set in the first portion of the prisoner's letters, up to about ten minutes past 7—those would be the letters I would find there when I got to the office—I go on duty at a quarter to 7—all the letters were set in by me up to ten minutes past 7—somewhere about fifteen or sixteen were set in for my delivery that morning—these letters, one addressed to Leyton, and the other addressed to Woodford, were not among the letters I set in for the prisoner—if I had seen them I should have placed them in the Loughton box—after we have set in the letters we look at them again before we go out of the office—if we find a mis-sort then among the letters it would be taken out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RICHARD REEVES</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you untied the letters for the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110035"/>
<p>prisoner to sort, and he began to sort them, what time was it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About 6 o'clock when I cut the bundle—that was after I had seen the letter amongst them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-148" type="surname" value="GARGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-148" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GARGRAVE</persName> </hi>. I am a letter carrier in the Abbey-street walk—On the morning of 29th May I separated the letters for the three letter carriers on that walk—I set in my own letters that morning—I commenced duty about half-past 6—we have sorting to do from half-past 6; it did not take me a quarter of an hour to set in my letters—I set in the letters that came in by half-past 6; it took about ten minutes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> In those you separated did you see either of these letters?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Neither of them, I am quite sure of that.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-149" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-149" type="given" value="HERBERT"/>HERBERT CARTER</persName> </hi>. I live with my father and mother, in Langley-plaoe, East India-road—my brother is at school at Grove-house—I posted a letter to him on 28th May at Mr. Roby's post-office, near Bow Church, about a quarter to 7 in the evening—my mother gave it me to post—I saw her write the letter; she put two sixpences in the letter—I can read and write—this is the letter—my mother is ill—I have seen her write and know her writing—this is the letter, addressed to my brother at Grove-house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-150" type="surname" value="BINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-150" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BINGHAM</persName> </hi>. I am a police officer attached to the General Past
<lb/>Office—I accompanied Mr. Gardner and Mr. Clare to the receiving-office in the Bethnal-green-road, on the morning of the 29th—I searched the prisoner by the direction of Mr. Gardner—I found a letter in his coat-pocket, inside in the lining of the flap of his coat—it was not an ordinary pocket; he must have had it made himself—it was this letter addressed to Mr. J. Easton, 35, Forest-place, Leyton, Essex—there was nothing else in the pocket—in his waistcoat-pocket I found half-a-sovereign and some silver.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> About this pocket; was it not in its usual place?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, it was cut through the lining in the flap of the coat, just at the corner.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> You say it is jjot the usual place?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, it is not the usual place; when the coats are issued out they are not so—I have seen them in the breast—he had the coat on before the Magistrate; it is not the one he has on now, it is a red coat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I should like to call Mr. Impey, the post-office receiver in Bethnal-green-road, to prove that I had not time to finish my duty. (
<hi rend="italic">Mr. Impey was called but did not answer</hi>). Had I been allowed to finish my duty I should not have had either of those letters upon me. I was searched before I could finish my duty. I was about to write on them; if I had had time to finish my duty I should have done so. These two letters that are produced I solemnly swear I never saw till I got out; I then saw them and put that one in my pocket, with the intention of writing on it when I got back to the office. I solemnly swear I had no intention of stealing the letters.</p>
<rs id="t18600611-532-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-532-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-532-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of stealing the test letter—Recommended to Mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-532-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-532-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-532-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-532-18600611 t18600611-532-punishment-21"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-533">
<interp inst="t18600611-533" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-533" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-533-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-533-18600611 t18600611-533-offence-1 t18600611-533-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-533-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-533-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-533-18600611" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-533-18600611" type="surname" value="WOODGATE"/>
<interp inst="def1-533-18600611" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WOODGATE</hi> (48)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-533-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-533-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-533-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18600611-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-152" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-152" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-533-offence-1 t18600611-name-152"/>Charles Dixon</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MCDONNELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-153" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-153" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WINTER</persName> </hi>. I reside at Great James-street, Lisson-grove—I am a son of the deceased—I last saw him alive on Tuesday morning, 24th April—his health was very good then—he was fifty-four or fifty-five years old when he died, I cannot be sure which—I saw him again on the Thursday morning, about 8 o'clock, he was then dead.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-154" type="surname" value="VINTER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-154" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH VINTER</persName> </hi>. On the evening of 24th April last I was opposite the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110036"/>
<p>White Lion public-house—I was standing by my stall—I saw the deceased and the prisoner fighting outside the public-house—I saw them fall down sideways; they got up, and one walked back one way, and the other walked back the other, and that is all I saw of it—I only saw one round fought.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were they fighting as if angrily, or playfully?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> What I saw was fighting, as if hostely to each other—I saw nothing in the least unfair.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-155" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-155" type="surname" value="BARNES"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-155" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA BARNES</persName> </hi>. On the night of 24th April last I saw the prisoner strike Mr. Dixon as I was passing the Green Man—I do not know whether Dixon struck again; I did not see him strike—they were fighting—I saw them both fall down—they only fell once that I saw—I saw them both get up together—I did not see them then go into the public-house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You did not see where they went?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I did not know the prisoner, I knew Dixon—I am sure the prisoner is the person that I saw—I do not know whether there, were many other people outside the public-house—they both fell down together—I saw Mr. Dixon's face bleeding—I could not tell whether it was his nose or his mouth—that was when they got up.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-156" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-156" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD THOMPSON</persName> </hi>. On the night of 24th April, I walked into the Green Man public-house—the prisoner and the deceased were there, they were sparring together—only the prisoner was sparring—he was sparring near Dixon—Dixon stood leaning his back against the partition; he did nothing; but he said to the prisoner "You can't fight, you never could"—the prisoner asked him to fight—Dixon said, "You never could fight"—they had a little bit of a bustle in the house and then went out—the prisoner struck at Dixon, missed his blow and fell backwards—he then got up and hit him in the bowels, and they both went down together—I am sure of that—he hit him with his fist, he did not kick him—this was on the footpath—they only fought one round—I did not take any notice of how they were as to liquor—after they had had the one round, I saw Dixon walk into the Green Man again—he walked in and sat down there—I went in after him and asked him if he was hurt; he did not make me any answer—he appeared to be hurt—he put his two arms like this, over his bowels—I did not take notice whether the prisoner was the worse for liquor—he did not seem so.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-157" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-157" type="given" value="CHARLES WINN"/>CHARLES WINN ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon—I was called to the deceased on 26th April—I found him lying dead on his bed—I made a post-mortem examination—in my judgment the cause of death was inflammation of the bowels, from the contents of the bowel having poured into the abdominal cavity; it was the ilium that was ruptured—it was produced by external violence, there being no ulceration of the bowels to cause a rupture—there was no morbid appearance to account for it—it might be produced by a blow, any external violence sharply applied would do it—he appeared much more healthy than I expected to have found him, having known him some years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> There was a wound at the back of the head as if from a fall, was there not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On the left brow; that was the only external mark—it was not a wound; it was a bruise; it was not through the skin at all, merely blackened—in my judgment it had nothing whatever to do with the death—I opened the head—the brain was healthy—in my judgment the death was entirely owing to the rupture of the bowel—it must have been from some external blow, because there was the appearance of it; not externally, but in the tissues below, the cellular membrane and the muscles</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110037"/>
<p>below the skin—I have not the slightest doubt that the death arose from violence applied to that part.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> On the Tuesday this took place I was at work all day at Shepherd's Bush, and coming home I happened to go into the Green Man to have some refreshment; I stopped till half-past nine, I left work at halt-past 6. I was a little excited with speaking about this great fight between Sayers and the American; we were both excited with liquor; we got as far as to holding one another; we got to words and to blows, and I believe we got outside and hit one another; we had one round out there, but it was furthest from my intention to have words with him if he had not began; we were both partly the worse for liquor; this was on Tuesday. I worked all day on Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, and Saturday, not knowing that any accident had taken place at all, and coming home on Saturday night at 4 o'clock I went into the same house again to get half a pint of ale, and the policeman was there, and apprehended me on the charge of killing this man. I passed and repassed the place night and morning, and I was not aware that there was anything the matter.</p>
<rs id="t18600611-533-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-533-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-533-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to Mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-533-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-533-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-533-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-533-18600611 t18600611-533-punishment-22"/>Confined Three Weeks</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-534">
<interp inst="t18600611-534" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-534" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-534-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-534-18600611 t18600611-534-offence-1 t18600611-534-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-534-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-534-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-534-18600611" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-534-18600611" type="surname" value="MCGRATH"/>
<interp inst="def1-534-18600611" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NICHOLAS MCGRATH</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-534-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-534-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-534-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18600611-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-159" type="surname" value="BREDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-159" type="given" value="JOHN HOLLOWAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-534-offence-1 t18600611-name-159"/>John Holloway Breden</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LANGFORD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-160" type="surname" value="GIRKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-160" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT GIRKIN</persName> </hi>. I am a cooper of 41, Wellington-street, Bethnal
<lb/>green—On Saturday night, 2d June, I was at the Bricklayers Arms in Gloucester-street, Commercial-road, Whitechapel—just before 12 o'clock, before they closed the house, I came down stairs from the club room—I saw Breden standing in front of the bar—his brother came down after I had been down there, and Samuel Hilder—the prisoner came from the tap-room, or from the back of the house somewhere—he and Breden, the deceased, talked together—they were having a few words together—I could not understand the purport of the words—it appeared as if they were quarelling, and I heard the prisoner say, "I will not fight you now you are drunk, but when you are sober"—I did not hear the deceased say anything about hitting—I heard him say "Very well, I will fight when I am sober"—I saw them go outside the house—we all went out at one time, as the house was closed—after they got outside they had a few more words—they seemed to be wrangliug outside again, and Rawlins the constable came up and said to the deceased, "Serve you right if he hit you"—the deceased said, "Hit away"—a very short time after that McGrath struck him in the mouth, and the man fell down on his back on the pavement—his head struck the pavement—I and Mr. Hilder picked him up, and called the assistance of his brother to lend a hand to help him up—I felt to Bee what sort of injury he had received from the fall, and I felt a lump about the size of a Spanish nut—I called to the witness to come and examine it, and he felt the same as I did—the deceased never spoke but once or twice after that; all he said was "Oh, my head"—he did not speak while he was on the ground, it waswhen we had walked with him some distance; when we got as far as the back of the London Hospital—we took him there with the assistance of Mr. Hilder, and left him with his brother to take him home.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The man had fallen down and got up, aud the prisoner put out his hand and shook hands with him directly afterwards didn't he?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I did not see that—I can't say how long this wrangling had been going on in the public-house, because I had not been down stairs—I don't suppose the quarrel in the house occupied a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110038"/>
<p>quarter of an hour—the deceased was a very quiet sort of man; what I knew of him—I scarcely could understood what he was saying when he was in a state of drink—he was not making much noise, he was so much in drink that I could hardly tell what he said—I did not see him fall previous to the blow being given—I saw them both go out of the public-house together—I had them in my view from the time they went out, till the time the blow was struck; all the time—it was on the pavement that the man fell—we took him arm in arm with us to the back of the hospital—whether he had stumbled and fallen before I do not know; he did not get any fall in the house while I was there—he walked as well as a drunken man would walk; after the fall he never spoke a word till we got to the back of the hospital.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-161" type="surname" value="BREDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-161" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BREDEN</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of the deceased; I saw him after he was down—I assisted the other witness to take him to the back of the London hospital—I then went with him to his own house, he walked without my aid afterwards—I called in Mr. Lowe, the surgeon, in the morning, and he attended him—I was with him till he died.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-162" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-162" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LOWE</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon at Stepney-green—I attended the deceased on Sunday morning, 3d June, at his own house—he died about a quarter to 9 at night; the cause of death was a fracture at the back of the skull—that would be caused by a fall.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I believe you did not make a post-mortem exami
<lb/>nation of any of the organs except the head?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; because I found sufficient cause of death there—I found that the skull had actually been fractured and there was effusion of blood on the brain—it is possible although a man may receive an injury that would prove fatal, he might happen to die from some other cause—I found quite sufficient cause of death—it very seldom happens that a person recovers from a severe fracture of the skull—I have heard that the deceased was a person of intemperate habits—such persons frequently have a diseased state of the vessels of the heart.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LANGFORD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you find effusion of blood on the brain?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did—before death there was a swelling at the back of the head—the fracture began at the right parietal bone and extended completely across to the left—I think it very improbable that a man would live after such an effusion and such a. fracture—I have not the slightest doubt about that being the cause of his death, and finding sufficient cause, I did not proceed further with my examination.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Would a blow of that kind prevent a person speaking?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Before the effusion came on they might speak; he was perfectly insensible while I saw him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was this a simple or a compound fracture?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A simple fracture—it was not a communated fracture; it simply divided the bone—it would be popularly described as a mere crack—I found the effusion under the parietal bone on the dura mater, between the cranium and the dura mater—I am not a fellow of the College of Surgeons, I am a member of the Apothecary's Company, and a doctor of medicine of the University of Giessen.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-163" type="surname" value="BREDER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-163" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BREDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). My brother was not sensible after I took him home—he appeared to me as though he was in a state of liquor; he did not speak, he remained insensible till he died—I was with him almost all the time.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110039"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-164" type="surname" value="GIRKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-164" type="given" value="GEORGE ROBERT"/>GEORGE ROBERT GIRKIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). I saw the prisoner strike the de
<lb/>ceased in the mouth—directly he received the blow he fell, as if from the blow.</p>
<rs id="t18600611-534-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-534-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-534-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Strongly recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18600611-534-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-534-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-534-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-534-18600611 t18600611-534-punishment-23"/>
<hi rend="italic"> One Month.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18600611-535">
<interp inst="t18600611-535" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18600611"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-535" type="date" value="18600611"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18600611-535-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-535-18600611 t18600611-535-offence-1 t18600611-535-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-535-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-535-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-535-18600611" type="surname" value="TYLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-535-18600611" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE HENRY TYLER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18600611-535-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-535-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-535-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/>, Feloniously killing and slaying
<persName id="t18600611-name-166" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-166" type="surname" value="WELLER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-166" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18600611-535-offence-1 t18600611-name-166"/>Thomas Weller</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M. J. O'CONNELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-167" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-167" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, R</hi> 265). On the night of 30th April, or the morning of 1st May, I was on duty in the Exhibition-road, Kensington, about quarter past 12 o'clock—I saw a number of persons there, I think about thirty—I saw the prisoner; he was in his shirt sleeves—I also saw another man in his shirt sleeves with him—the deceased was sitting down against the fence, and there were two, three, or four persons about him, or there might be more—I had previously passed them, and they were then trying to get him home—when I found him sitting down near the fence, I made some inquiry, put him in a cab, and took him to Dr. Christian and then to the station, where Dr. Christian's assistant came to see him; the deceased was then dead; I think he died before I got him to the station—in conse
<lb/>quence of information, I afterwards went to No. 8, New-road, Chelsea, that same day—I found the prisoner there in bed—I told him he must consider himself in custody for killing one Thomas Weller—he said, "Have I killed him?"—as I was taking him to the station, he said the fight was not his own seeking, the deceased had been bothering him for several days; he had met him on the Saturday night previous and he wanted to fight then, but he, the prisoner, would not fight, and the deceased was determined to have it out on this night, and they went to the Exhibition-road to fight—after the charge was made against him at the station he said it was not his own fight, it was the deceased's own seeking—he said the quarrel had occurred at the Queen and Prince Albert public-house, Knightsbridge, on the Saturday night previous—I took the body of the deceased to the Chelsea workhouse.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M'DONNELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he tell you that he had continually refused to fight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, he said the deceased had dragged him down from the public-house into the passage, and that he was obliged to protect himself.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where is the passage he referred to?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The passage leading from the barracks into the park—the fight occurred about ten minutes' walk from that passage.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-168" type="surname" value="DALLING"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-168" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DALLING</persName> </hi>. I am watchman to Mr. Freak, a builder—on the 30th April, about 12 o'clock, I was at the comer of Princes Gate—I heard a noise down the road and went to see what it was—I saw the prisoner and the deceased fighting; the prisoner was stripped to his shirt, the deceased had got his waistcoat on; but his coat was off—I should say there were nine or ten persons present—I told them they had better give over; they did not, they continued fighting—it was exactly four minutes past 12 when the last blow was struck; at the last round they met each other, and the deceased fell and the prisoner fell upon him; to the best of my belief the last blow was struck under the ear of the deceased, but I cannot posi
<lb/>tively swear—I saw the prisoner strike him somewhere about the face; after the deceased fell he laid there till he was picked up; he never moved—he was taken up by two men and taken about 200 yards down the road, and they placed him in a sitting position against the fence.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you see every round that was fought?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I only saw the last three rounds—as far as I saw it was a fair stand-up fight; at the last round they met each other—they seemed to strike each</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110040"/>
<p>other at the same time—I don't mean that the hands of one struck the hands of the other, but their hands were in a hostile position—the deceased in making his blow struck rather on one side and missed the prisoner, but the prisoner's blow told—the deceased was a bigger man than the prisoner in every way.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. O'CONNELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I suppose the light was not very strong?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was a beautiful moonlight night, and one side of the road was lighted with gas.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-169" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-169" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, and live at 5, Cavendish-street, Chelsea—On the night of 30th April I was near the new Horticultural gardens, employed watching there—I saw some men come down the road, the prisoner was one of them; another one was with him and there were two or three more behind—I saw the prisoner and the other man strip, and they fought for about a quarter of an hour, or a little better—I don't think there was above five or six rounds—I saw some blows given by them—at the last round the prisoner hit the deceased at the side of his head, and caught him as he was falling—they both fell; I can't say who was uppermost—the deceased never got up again—a policeman came up soon afterwards.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> From all you saw was it a fair stand-up fight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; all I heard said was, one said to the other, "This is fair enough"—I can't say who it was—I did not know either of them before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did the prisoner take off his clothes of his own accord?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They both did.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-170" type="surname" value="EAGER"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-170" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD EAGER</persName> </hi>. I was at the Queen and Prince Albert public-house, at Knightsbridge, on 30th April—there was some singing going on there—I heard no quarrel between the deceased and the prisoner—after leaving the room I followed them to the bottom of Park-place; and on getting down the prisoner put out his hand and asked the deceased to shake hands—that was before they made it up to go and fight, about twenty paces from the public house—the prisoner wanted to shake hands, he did not want to have any row whatever—the deceased put out his right hand and said, "No, I would rather fight to-night," and then walked towards Kensington—the prisoner did not wish to fight, I know, but the deceased would not leave him an inch, he never left him at all—I went with them—the deceased had got his coat off before I got up to them, and was rolling up his shirt sleeves—I had known him before—he lived in our house from two years of age—his name was Thomas Weller—I saw them'fight.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You say the prisoner offered to make it up and wanted to shake hands?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he said it was foolishness going to fight—the deceased would not leave him an inch—I did not see him do any
<lb/>thing to the prisoner; he only kept shoulder to shoulder with him—I did not hear the prisoner say, "Why should we quarrel? we have been like two brothers."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-171" type="surname" value="NORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-171" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR NORMAN</persName> </hi>. I am barman at the Queen and Prince Albert—I was there the night this fight took place.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you hear the deceased say anything to the prisoner as to settling the fight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; not in the house—when I came out to shut the shutters I heard a loud talking at the bottom of Park-place, and when I got there the deceased said to the prisoner, "Now to settle this affair"—the prisoner said, "Shake hands and make it up, I want no more to say about it," and he held out his hand—the deceased said, no, he would not, he would fight to-night—nothing further was said—the prisoner went on towards Exhibition-road with a friend of his—the deceased took him by the hand and said, "No, come on, I will fight to-night."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="186006110041"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18600611-name-172" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18600611-name-172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-172" type="surname" value="CHRISTIAN"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-name-172" type="given" value="JAMES STANLEY"/>JAMES STANLEY CHRISTIAN</persName> </hi>. I am a physician and surgeon, living at No. 1, Ovington-terrace, Brompton—On Tuesday, 1st May, I went to the Chelsea Workhouse and examined the body of the deceased, he appeared to have been dead twelve or twenty hours—I found several external bruises on his knuckles and face, and a jagged cut on the back of his head—it was a large wound—there was a swelling nearly as big as a lady's fist under the left ear—I opened his head and found a ruptured vein in connexion with that swelling under the left ear, just where the vein enters the brain—I found a quantity of blood effused on the base of the brain at the left side—I examined the whole of the body generally; the rest of the body was healthy—I believed he died from pressure of the effused blood on the brain; I have no doubt of it—that might have been caused by some direct external vio
<lb/>lence applied directly behind the vein—the swelling was such as might have been caused by the blow of the fist—there was nothing else to account for death—the jagged wound behind was a severe one, bub there was no internal injury of the brain from that, and I do not believe it had any connexion with his death.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were the muscles thin?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They were; he was a large framed man, but his muscles and his whole system was relaxed and flabby—his heart was flabby.</p>
<rs id="t18600611-535-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-535-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-535-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">under strong provocation,</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18600611-535-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18600611-535-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18600611-535-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-535-18600611 t18600611-535-punishment-24"/>Confined One Week</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-536-18600611" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-536-18600611" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-536-18600611" type="surname" value="EATON"/>
<interp inst="def1-536-18600611" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK EATON</hi> (21)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-536-18600611" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-536-18600611" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-536-18600611" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def2-536-18600611" type="surname" value="MANLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-536-18600611" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN MANLEY</hi> (40)</persName>
<rs id="t18600611-536-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">