<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="transcription" doc="18590131"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18590131">
<interp inst="f18590131" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="f18590131" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WIRE, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters—the figures after the name in the indictment denote the prisoner's age.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st,</hi> 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>.—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE</hi> and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder and the First Jury.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="t18590131-211" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-211-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-211-18590131 t18590131-211-offence-1 t18590131-211-verdict-1"/>
<p>211.
<persName id="def1-211-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-211-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18590131" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18590131" type="surname" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-211-18590131" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REUBEN MICHAEL</hi> (48)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18590131-211-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-211-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-211-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> for wilful and corrupt perjury.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="largeCaps">ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Upon</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ORRIDGE'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">opening, the Court was of opinion there was no case for the Jury.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-211-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-211-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-211-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18590131-212" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-212" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-212-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-212-18590131 t18590131-212-offence-1 t18590131-212-verdict-1"/>
<p>212.
<persName id="def1-212-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-212-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18590131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18590131" type="surname" value="SLOMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-212-18590131" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY SLOMAN</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-212-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-212-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-212-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="concealingABirth"/>, Unlawfully concealing the birth of her child; to which she</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-212-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-212-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-212-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-212-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-212-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-212-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-212-18590131 t18590131-212-punishment-1"/>Confined One Month</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18590131-213" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-213" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-213-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18590131 t18590131-213-offence-1 t18590131-213-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-213-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18590131 t18590131-213-offence-2 t18590131-213-verdict-1"/>
<p>213.
<persName id="def1-213-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-213-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18590131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18590131" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-213-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM HENRY PRESTON</hi> (34)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-213-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-213-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-213-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Feloniously embezzling the sums of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18590131-name-4" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-4" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-213-offence-1 t18590131-name-4"/>John Young</persName>, his master;</rs> also
<rs id="t18590131-213-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-213-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-213-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>un
<lb/>lawfully obtaining 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of
<persName id="t18590131-name-5" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-5" type="surname" value="ALLWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-5" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-213-offence-2 t18590131-name-5"/>Alfred Allworth</persName>, by false pretences to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18590131-213-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-213-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-213-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-213-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-213-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-213-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-213-18590131 t18590131-213-punishment-2"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18590131-214" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-214" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-214-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-214-18590131 t18590131-214-offence-1 t18590131-214-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-214-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-214-18590131 t18590131-214-offence-2 t18590131-214-verdict-1"/>
<p>214.
<persName id="def1-214-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-214-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18590131" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18590131" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-214-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JONES</hi> (14)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-214-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-214-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-214-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 6 buttons, a reel of twist, and other articles, value 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of
<persName id="t18590131-name-7" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-7" type="surname" value="SPILSBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-7" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-214-offence-1 t18590131-name-7"/>Benjamin Spilsbury</persName> and others, his masters; and </rs>
<persName id="def2-214-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-214-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-214-18590131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-214-18590131" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="def2-214-18590131" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EDWARD LONG</hi> (17)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-214-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-214-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-214-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, Feloniously receiving the same; to which they</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-214-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-214-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-214-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JONES</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-214-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-214-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-214-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-214-18590131 t18590131-214-punishment-3"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONG</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-214-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-214-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-214-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-214-18590131 t18590131-214-punishment-4"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Long received a good character, Jones was recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor, believing him to have been led astray by Long.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-215-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-215-18590131 t18590131-215-offence-1 t18590131-215-verdict-1"/>
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<p>215.
<persName id="def1-215-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-215-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18590131" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18590131" type="surname" value="KENNY"/>
<interp inst="def1-215-18590131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN KENNY</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-215-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-215-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-215-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 4 coats, value 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of
<persName id="t18590131-name-10" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-10" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-10" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-215-offence-1 t18590131-name-10"/>William Wood</persName>, having been before convicted, to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-215-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-215-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-215-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.**†</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-215-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-215-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-215-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-215-18590131 t18590131-215-punishment-5"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18590131-216" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-216" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-216-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18590131 t18590131-216-offence-1 t18590131-216-verdict-1"/>
<p>216.
<persName id="def1-216-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-216-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18590131" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18590131" type="surname" value="THORN"/>
<interp inst="def1-216-18590131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES THORN</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-216-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-216-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-216-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18590131-name-12" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-12" type="surname" value="ATKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-216-offence-1 t18590131-name-12"/>John Atkin</persName>, and stealing his goods; to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-216-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-216-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-216-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-216-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-216-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-216-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-216-18590131 t18590131-216-punishment-6"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-217">
<interp inst="t18590131-217" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-217" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-217-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18590131 t18590131-217-offence-1 t18590131-217-verdict-1"/>
<p>217.
<persName id="def1-217-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-217-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18590131" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18590131" type="surname" value="ZINO"/>
<interp inst="def1-217-18590131" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL ZINO</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-217-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-217-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-217-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Stealing 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 1lb. of cigars, and 12 packets of chocolate of
<persName id="t18590131-name-14" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-14" type="surname" value="GATTI"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-14" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-217-offence-1 t18590131-name-14"/>Joseph Gatti</persName>, in his dwelling-house; to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-217-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-217-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-217-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-217-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-217-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-217-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-217-18590131 t18590131-217-punishment-7"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-218">
<interp inst="t18590131-218" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-218" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-218-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18590131 t18590131-218-offence-1 t18590131-218-verdict-1"/>
<p>218.
<persName id="def1-218-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-218-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18590131" type="age" value="53"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18590131" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-218-18590131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SMITH</hi> (53)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-218-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-218-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-218-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 20 ounces of gun-metal, value 18
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., of
<persName id="t18590131-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-16" type="surname" value="PONTIFEX"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-16" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-218-offence-1 t18590131-name-16"/>Edmund Pontifex</persName> and others, his masters; to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-218-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-218-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-218-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-218-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-218-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-218-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-218-18590131 t18590131-218-punishment-8"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-219">
<interp inst="t18590131-219" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-219" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-219-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-219-18590131 t18590131-219-offence-1 t18590131-219-verdict-1"/>
<p>219.
<persName id="def1-219-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-219-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18590131" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18590131" type="surname" value="GLADWIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-219-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GLADWIN</hi> (36)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-219-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-219-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-219-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 7 lbs. weight of lead, and 2 ounces of brass, of
<persName id="t18590131-name-18" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-18" type="surname" value="PONTIFEX"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-18" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-219-offence-1 t18590131-name-18"/>Edmund Pontifex</persName> and others, his masters; to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-219-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-219-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-219-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-219-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-219-18590131 t18590131-219-punishment-9"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-220">
<interp inst="t18590131-220" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-220" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-220-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18590131 t18590131-220-offence-1 t18590131-220-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-220-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18590131 t18590131-220-offence-2 t18590131-220-verdict-1"/>
<p>220.
<persName id="def1-220-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-220-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18590131" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18590131" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-220-18590131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HUDSON</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-220-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-220-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-220-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, Embezzling the sum of 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. of the
<persName id="t18590131-name-20" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-20" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-220-offence-1 t18590131-name-20"/>Mayor, Commonalty, and Citizens of the City of London</persName>, his masters;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18590131-220-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-220-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-220-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>the sum of 13
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. of his said masters; to both which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-220-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">He received an excellent character, and</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the defence stated that the money had not been taken for himself, but to meet the defalcations of his father, a tax collector.
<rs id="t18590131-220-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-220-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-220-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-220-18590131 t18590131-220-punishment-10"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-221">
<interp inst="t18590131-221" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-221-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18590131 t18590131-221-offence-1 t18590131-221-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-221-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18590131 t18590131-221-offence-2 t18590131-221-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-221-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18590131 t18590131-221-offence-3 t18590131-221-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-221-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18590131 t18590131-221-offence-4 t18590131-221-verdict-1"/>
<p>221.
<persName id="def1-221-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-221-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18590131" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18590131" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-221-18590131" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD OLIVER</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-221-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining 1 shawl, value 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.;</rs> also
<rs id="t18590131-221-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>2 shawls, value 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., of
<persName id="t18590131-name-22" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-22" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-22" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-221-offence-2 t18590131-name-22"/>William Morley</persName> and another;</rs> also
<rs id="t18590131-221-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>2 other indictments for obtaining other goods of other persons</rs>
<rs id="t18590131-221-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>by false pretences; to all which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18590131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutors.</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-221-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-221-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-221-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-221-18590131 t18590131-221-punishment-11"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st,</hi> 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE</hi>; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Fifth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-222">
<interp inst="t18590131-222" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-222" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-222-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-222-18590131 t18590131-222-offence-1 t18590131-222-verdict-1"/>
<p>222.
<persName id="def1-222-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-222-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18590131" type="surname" value="COXFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-222-18590131" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP COXFORD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18590131-222-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-222-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-222-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assaultWithIntent"/> ( ), Unlawfully assaulting
<persName id="t18590131-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-24" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-24" type="surname" value="BULWINKLE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-24" type="given" value="ROSA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-222-offence-1 t18590131-name-24"/>Rosa Bulwinkle</persName>, aged between 10 and 12 years, with intent, &c.</rs> </p>
<p>Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-222-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-223">
<interp inst="t18590131-223" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-223" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-223-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18590131 t18590131-223-offence-1 t18590131-223-verdict-1"/>
<p>223.
<persName id="def1-223-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-223-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18590131" type="surname" value="COXFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-223-18590131" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PHILIP COXFORD</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18590131-223-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-223-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-223-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> for unlawfully carnally knowing
<persName id="t18590131-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-26" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-26" type="surname" value="BULWINKLE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-26" type="given" value="EMMA JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-223-offence-1 t18590131-name-26"/>Emma Jane Bulwinkle</persName>, a girl above 10 and under 12 years.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-223-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-223-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-223-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-223-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-223-18590131 t18590131-223-punishment-12"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310003"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st,</hi> 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CARTER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CUBITT</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWERENCE</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder and the Second Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-224">
<interp inst="t18590131-224" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-224" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-224-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-224-18590131 t18590131-224-offence-1 t18590131-224-verdict-1"/>
<p>224.
<persName id="def1-224-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-224-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18590131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18590131" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-224-18590131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE DAVIS</hi> (34)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18590131-224-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-224-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-224-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> for unlawfully obtaining 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of
<persName id="t18590131-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-28" type="surname" value="GRUNEBERG"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-28" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-224-offence-1 t18590131-name-28"/>Charles Gruneberg</persName>, by false pretence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">for the Prosecution offered no evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-224-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-225">
<interp inst="t18590131-225" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-225-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18590131 t18590131-225-offence-1 t18590131-225-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-225-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-225-18590131 t18590131-225-offence-1 t18590131-225-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-225-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-225-18590131 t18590131-225-offence-1 t18590131-225-verdict-3"/>
<p>225.
<persName id="def1-225-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-225-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18590131" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18590131" type="surname" value="PIKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-225-18590131" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD PIKE</hi> (29)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-225-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-225-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-225-18590131" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-225-18590131" type="surname" value="PIKE"/>
<interp inst="def2-225-18590131" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET PIKE</hi> (33)</persName>, and
<persName id="def3-225-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-225-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-225-18590131" type="age" value="13"/>
<interp inst="def3-225-18590131" type="surname" value="TIGGELL"/>
<interp inst="def3-225-18590131" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MAR
<lb/>GARET TIGGELL</hi> (13)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-225-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-225-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Feloniously making 2 counterfeit shillings; to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD PIKE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-225-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-225-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18590131 t18590131-225-punishment-13"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-32" type="surname" value="BRANNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-32" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRANNAN</persName> </hi>. I was formerly an inspector of police—I am now principally engaged by the Mint authorities—on Saturday, 22nd January, in consequence of information I went to 63, Cranbrook-street, Victoria-park, about half-past 2 in the afternoon—I was accompanied by Inspec
<lb/>tor Bryant and some other officers—I directed constable Elliott to go and knock at the door—it was opened by a little girl—I directed Elliott to run into the yard—I went to the back-parlour door, which was closed—I forced it open with a sledge hammer, and rushed into the room—I found the three prisoners there sitting at a table by the fire, which was a clear bright one—the other officers entered with me—Tiggell had a file in her right hand, which she flung down—the male prisoner had a plaster of Paris mould in his left hand—he came towards me and made a Kick at me—I pushed him into the corner with the sledge hammer—at that time Margaret Pike commenced stamping on the mould, which the male prisoner had thrown down—I pushed her away and she fell over a chair which was behind her, on her back on the floor—that was to prevent her stamping on the mould—before this I had seen Margaret Pike sweep a handful of shillings off the table, some of which she threw into the fire and I saw melt—some dropped on the floor in different parts of the place—that was on my entering, before she stamped on the mould; it was all instantaneous—I saw the coin which went into the fire, melt, it melted instantly, almost as quick as butter—after I pushed Margaret Pike and she fell, she lay on her back and kicked me with great force with both feet; she kicked in all manner of directions, and seized several of the fragments of the broken mould with her hand, and crushed them in her hand—I saw that—the prisoners were secured, and Serjeant Evans put into my hand this piece of mould of the obverse side of a shilling—before the prisoners were secured Tiggell stamped on the remaining part of the mould as much as she pos
<lb/>sibly could—when the prisoners were secured they were taken to a distant part of the room, close to the door—I examined the fire—I found on it this tobacco pipe with white metal in it in a fused state—on the floor I found five counterfeit shillings, which I also produce—the half plaster of Paris mould was put into my hand by Serjeant Evans, it was quite hot—only one part of the mould was found perfect, the fragments of another</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310004"/>
<p>part were found—I produce a band for holding the mould—that was also warm—on the mantelpiece I found a good shilling corresponding in date with the counterfeit, and I believe the one from which the impression was taken—in the cupboard I found a jug containing acid, some bottles, some metal spoons, and a deposit cup for a galvanic battery, and some brushes—the wires were attached to the battery—I saw Evans find them on the ledge under the window—in the cupboard I found some plaster of Paris in powder, and a composition called
<hi rend="italic">slumming,</hi> in a saucer, that is used to give the coin a dull appearance after it is electro-plated—I also produce some spoons, and a file that was picked up off the floor by Inspector Bryant—I saw Tiggell throw it down—I took possession of the things—I said to the male prisoner, "Well, Dick, I come to pay you another visit" (the women were present)—he said, "Yes, work has been very bad, and we were obliged to do this for a living"—Margaret Pike then said, "Oh Dick, oh Dick, I told you months ago it would come to this; you had better have kept to your work"—she said, "Mr. Brannan, save my child"—I said, "I have nothing to say to you,all the imprisonment you have had has had no effect upon you"—there was a little girl in the room, the one that opened the door—the prisoners were all taken to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You forgot to tell us how you got in.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not; Elliott knocked at the door—he was dressed as a butcher—he had no meat—when I went in Margaret Pike was sitting at the far corner, and she immediately sprang from where she was sitting and swept a quantity of shillings off the table, and threw some on the fire and some on the floor—she continued doing that and crushing the mould—Tiggell had the file in her right hand which she flung down, and as oppor
<lb/>tunity occurred she used every effort to demolish the remainder of the mould—the pipe was on the fire—I took it off—the male prisoner was in his shirt-sleeves, with a mould in his left hand, held in this pad—it was a mould for a shilling—I saw him throw it from his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-33" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-33" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BRYANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-inspector, G</hi>). I accompanied Brannan to the room, and saw the three prisoners sitting round the table close to a clear, bright fire—I saw Tiggell with a file in her right hand, and a counterfeit shilling in her left; she threw the file on the floor, and the shilling on the table—I did not take possession of that shilling, it was swept off the table with the others—I believe it was a counterfeit shilling, because all that were taken from the table were counterfeit—I saw some shillings thrown into the fire by Margaret Pike—I picked two of them off the fire, and one from the hearth, and I now produce them—after the prisoners were secured and put by the door, Margaret Pike said to the male prisoner, "What have you done with the mould?"—he replied, "Dropped it"—she said, "Yes, and I have smashed it to pieces"—he said, "No, you have not; they have got a part of it"—she said, "You b—fool, why did not you give it to me? I would have smashed it all to pieces, I would have stuck a knife in their hearts before I would have parted with it"—I afterwards found this file (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) on the floor—there was white metal in the teeth of it—on the mantelpiece I found this bottle containing acid.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-34" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-34" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-serjeant, G</hi> 22). I accompanied Brannan to this house—I saw Margaret Pike fall on the floor—I saw her take hold of several pieces of the mould, that had been broken, and crush them in her hand—I handed her over to Elliott and Cook—I picked up this mould off the floor—it was quite warm—I gave it to Brannan—I secured Tiggell—she was stamping on the fragments of the mould that was broken—after</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310005"/>
<p>they were secured, I searched the room, and underneath the grate, among the ashes, I found several pieces of metal that had been run through the fire—I found this galvanic battery, and other things produced.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-35" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-35" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ELLIOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, G</hi> 104). I accompanied Brannan and the other officers—I had on a blue blouse—I knocked at the door; it was opened by a little girl—I went into the yard, and afterwards into the back-parlour—the officers were then engaged in securing the prisoners; they were very violent indeed—I received Margaret Pike and Tiggell, and with Cook's assistance put them into one corner of the room—while I was holding Margaret Pike she said, "Let me go, or I will put a knife into your heart; and if I cannot get a knife I will kick you somewhere that shall send you to the grave"—she resisted very violently.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-36" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-36" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of counterfeit coin to the Mint—this file is an instrument used in coining, it has been used for that purpose—it has a great deal of white metal in the teeth of it—it is used to make the mailing perfect—this half-mould is made of plaster of Paris, it is the obverse side of a shilling—this genuine shilling produced must have been the one used as a pattern for making the mould—the mould would be in two parts, and the metal would be poured in at this
<hi rend="italic">get</hi>—these spoons are made of a metal which might be converted into counterfeit coin—if thrown into the fire it would melt immediately—this metal found on the hearth is the same kind of metal, except that a little tin has been added to it to make it harder—here are eight counterfeit shillings all produced from this mould—they are of the same metal as the spoons with the addition of a little tin—there is some metal contained in this tobacco-pipe—this is rather a clumsy way of ladling the metal out of the crucible, or whatever it was melted in, and pouring it into the mould—the metal in it is the same kind as that of which the shillings are composed—the acids produced are necessary for electro-plating coins, but these coins were not prepared for electro-plating—this composition called
<hi rend="italic">slumming</hi> is used for the purpose of colouring the coins and making them look as if they had been used; they are then allowed to dry, and are generally wrapped up separately in paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">submitted that the prisoner, Margaret Pike, was entitled to an acquittal upon two grounds; first, as being the wife of the male prisoner, and secondly, because the evidence only went to show that she was active in getting rid of the evidences of the crime, not that she was taking any part in the crime itself.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">as to the first point, called for proof of the marriage; and as to the second, contended that it was for the Jury.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-37" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BARRETT</persName> </hi>. I am the brother-in-law of the prisoner—I produce a certificate, which I got from the church—I know that Richard Pike was married to Margaret Tiggell—the prisoners are the parties.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you present at the marriage?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, but I was close by—it is 11 years ago—I was in Golden-lane when they came home—I do not rightly know where they lived at the time of the marriage—Mrs. Tiggell, before her marriage, lived in Black-boy-court, Golden-lane, for years—she had been married before, to Mr. Tiggell—he is dead—Pike was a cab-driver, she was a hawker, so was her husband Tiggell—I married her sister—the younger prisoner is her daughter by the first marriage.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">inquired whether the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that the proof of the</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310006"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">marriage would secure the prisoner, Margaret Pike, from the consequences of the crime. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that it would.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-38" type="surname" value="FULLER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-38" type="given" value="ADELAIDE"/>ADELAIDE FULLER</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">dressmaker, of</hi> 33,
<hi rend="italic">Wellington-street, Hackney-road, who had employed the prisoner for sixteen months, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">THOMAS HALSEY BROOK</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">box and case maker, of Brook-road, Dalston, deposed to Margaret Tiggell's good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BRANNAN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that she had been in custody for uttering counterfeit coin, but that for the last eighteen months he had lost sight of her.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET PIKE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-225-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-225-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET TIGGELL</hi>
<rs id="t18590131-225-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-225-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—</rs>
<rs id="t18590131-225-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-225-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-225-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-225-18590131 t18590131-225-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-226">
<interp inst="t18590131-226" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-226" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-226-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18590131 t18590131-226-offence-1 t18590131-226-verdict-1"/>
<p>226.
<persName id="def1-226-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-226-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18590131" type="surname" value="CLEWLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-226-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM CLEWLEY</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<rs id="t18590131-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18590131 t18590131-alias-1"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ROBINSON</hi> </rs> </persName>
<rs id="t18590131-226-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-226-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-226-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>), Feloniously uttering counterfeit coin, after a previous conviction.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-40" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JACKSON</persName> </hi>. I live at 20, Pickett-street, Strand, and was formerly a constable in the police—I produce a certified copy of the record of the conviction of James Jones and William Clewley. (
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>—"16
<hi rend="italic">th June,</hi> 1851,
<hi rend="italic">James Jones and William Clewley, uttering counterfeit coin, having other coun
<lb/>terfeit coin in their possession. Clewley guilty,</hi> 18
<hi rend="italic">months."</hi>) The prisoners the person—I was a witness at his trial.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I am not the man you represent.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> Yes, you are, there is no mistake about that—you were brought into the cell to me, and not mixed with others—I know him from his brother, his brother is not so tall and stout.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-41" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-41" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS GREEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, V</hi> 116). I know the prisoner—I have known him in custody—I gave evidence against him at his trial—he is the person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-42" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-42" type="surname" value="BULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-42" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH BULLEN</persName> </hi>. My husband keeps the Crab-tree public-house at Fulham—on Monday, 20th December, the prisoner came to our house about 20 minutes past 5 in the evening—I served him with a glass of half-and-half, which was three-halfpence—he gave me in payment a bad half-crown, and I gave him change, and he went off directly—I then put the half-crown in the detector, and found it was bad—I gave it to a person named Ritches—he took it out of the house, met my husband and gave it to him—he shortly afterwards returned—from what he said to me I went with him to the Greyhound, another public-house, where I saw the prisoner and my husband—he was given into custody—I left the half-crown with my husband.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When you came into the Greyhound, did you not say that you thought I was the man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I asked you to turn to the light, and when I saw your face I identified you directly—before I saw your face I said I thought you were the man—you had a hat on when you came to our place, and when I saw you at the Greyhound you had a cap on—I never put the half-crown in the till at all—I put it into the detector, and found it was bad directly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-43" type="surname" value="RITCHES"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-43" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY RITCHES</persName> </hi>. When this happened I was living at the Crab-tree—on 20th December last, I was there, and I saw the prisoner—he was standing before the bar—I did not see him go out—Mrs. Bullen gave me a half-crown and told me something about it; in consequence of which, I ran up the road towards the Greyhound, and met Mr. Bullen—I made some communication to him, and gave him the money, and we both went together towards the Greyhound. We found the prisoner coming up the road to the Greyhound from the Crab-tree. Mr. Bullen gave him into custody—I told him he was the man who was at the house.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Where were you when the man gave the half-crown to Mrs. Bullen?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the tap-room—I saw through the glass window, I was not four yards from it—there was no gas or candle, it was not dark—you stood near the door, which was open—the bar is close to the door—when Mrs. Bullen came into the Greyhound she said at first that she thought you were the man; but when you turned to the light, she said, you were the man that gave her the half-crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What had he on his head when you first saw him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not notice; he had a cap on when he was given into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-44" type="surname" value="BULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-44" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BULLEN</persName> </hi>. I am the landlord of the Crab-tree—on Monday evening, 20th December, Ritches came to me in the Fulham-road—he gave me a bad half-crown—from what he said to me, I went towards the Greyhound—Ritches pointed out the prisoner to me, and I went up and collared him, and took him to the Greyhound—I said, "You are the man I want"—he said, "What for?"—I said, "For pawing a counterfeit half-crown to my wife at the Crab-tree"—he said, that he had not been at the house for the last five years—he then pulled out four half-crowns, and to all appearance they were good, while I had him there, waiting the arrival of the police, and said, "You had better take one of them;" and he begged me not to look him up, as, he said, it would be a stain on his character—a policeman was sent for, and I gave him into custody, and I gave the half-crown to the policeman—previous to that I put a mark on it—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you let the half-crown go out of your hands to any
<lb/>body else in the Greyhound?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; not till the arrival of the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-45" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-45" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-45" type="surname" value="BIDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-45" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE BIDEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police sergeant, T</hi> 32). On Monday evening, 20th De
<lb/>cember, I was sent for to the Greyhound—the prisoner was given into my custody—I searched him, and found on him four half-crowns, which I supposed to be good—Mr. Bullen gave me a bad half-crown—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took the prisoner before the magistrate next day—he was remanded till 31st December, and on that day he was discharged, there being no case against him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-46" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-46" type="surname" value="FESHWATER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN FESHWATER</persName> </hi>. I am a receiver of letters at the Post-office, Oxford-street, kept by Mr. Stephenson—on Saturday, 8th January, about a quarter past 8 o'clock in the morning, the prisoner came in for 3 shillings' worth of stamps—I served him, and he gave me in payment a sixpence, and what appeared to be a half-crown—after he had gone, I looked at the half-crown, and I believed it to be a bad one—I then went out after him, but could not see him—I took the half-crown back again, and put it at the back of the till, where I kept the gold—I kept it entirely apart from any silver—it remained there until Monday—the till was locked up, and I had the key of it—on Monday morning, about 10 o'clock, I saw the prisoner walking up and down in front of the shop—he at last came in, and asked for half-a-crown's worth of stamps—as I was getting them out, he took some silver out of his pocket, about 3 half-crowns, and 2 shillings—he did not attempt to give me the money, so I asked him for the half-crown before I would give him the stamps—he refused to give me the money until I had given him the stamps—he then put the remainder of the money in his pocket, except the half-crown he was going to give to me, and I called out that he was the man that gave me the money on Saturday—when I said that, he ran out of the shop, and I ran after him, calling "stop thief—he was stopped by a gentleman in Winsley-street—I was close up behind him—he turned round near Winsley-street to strike me—after that a gentleman stopped him—the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310008"/>
<p>policeman, Baldwin, came up, and he was given into custody, and taken back to the shop—I then examined my till, and found the half-crown as I had placed it, not mixed with the silver—I gave it to the constable—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—as I was running after the prisoner, he turned round, and I bobbed down away from him—I did not see whether he threw anything away at that time—his arm went towards the carriage way, not towards the areas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you put any mark on the half-crown?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; the constable marked it in my presence—Mr. Stephenson did not mark it; to the best of my belief he did not have it in his hand—I gave it to the constable, and he marked it—the constable did not give it to Mr. Stephenson—I never lost sight of it all the time—I believe the constable marked it T S.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-47" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-47" type="surname" value="BALDWIN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-47" type="given" value="AARON"/>AARON BALDWIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, C</hi> 136). On Monday, 8th January, I took the prisoner into custody in Oxford-street, near Winsley-street—a gentleman had hold of him—I saw the last witness; he said he wished to give him in custody for passing a counterfeit half-crown on the morning of the 8th, about 10 minutes past 8, at the Post-office, Oxford-street—The prisoner said, "I have never been in the shop before this morning"—I said, "You must go back with me"—I took him back to the shop, and searched him—I asked him what made him run away—he said, "I did not run away"—I found on him one good half-crown, and two good shillings—the lad gave me this bad half-crown, and I marked it—the prisoner gave the name of George Robinson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you not put the half-crown into Mr. Stephenson's hand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did; he did not mark that half-crown; he marked another one, a good one, so that there should be a separation—I marked the bad one, and he marked the good one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. POLAND</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say Mr. Stephenson might have had the bad half-crown in his possession; did you lose sight of it at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-48" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-48" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These half-crowns are both bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-226-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-226-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-226-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-226-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-226-18590131 t18590131-226-punishment-15"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-227">
<interp inst="t18590131-227" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-227" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-227-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18590131 t18590131-227-offence-1 t18590131-227-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-227-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-227-18590131 t18590131-227-offence-1 t18590131-227-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-227-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-227-18590131 t18590131-227-offence-1 t18590131-227-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-227-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def4-227-18590131 t18590131-227-offence-1 t18590131-227-verdict-2"/>
<p>227.
<persName id="def1-227-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-227-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18590131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18590131" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="def1-227-18590131" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZABETH HAYES</hi> (21)</persName>,
<persName id="def2-227-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-227-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-227-18590131" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def2-227-18590131" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-227-18590131" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN RILEY</hi> (17)</persName>,
<persName id="def3-227-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-227-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-227-18590131" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def3-227-18590131" type="surname" value="JARVIS"/>
<interp inst="def3-227-18590131" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN JARVIS</hi> (19)</persName>, and
<persName id="def4-227-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def4-227-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def4-227-18590131" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def4-227-18590131" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="def4-227-18590131" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN MATTHEWS</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-227-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-227-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-227-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, Stealing 2 mantles, value 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of
<persName id="t18590131-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-53" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN ARNOLD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-227-offence-1 t18590131-name-53"/>John Arnold Hurst</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HAYES</hi>* and
<hi rend="largeCaps">RILEY</hi>*
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-227-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-227-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-227-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-227-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-227-18590131 t18590131-227-punishment-16"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-227-18590131 t18590131-227-punishment-16"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">offered no evidence against</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JARVIS</hi> and
<hi rend="largeCaps">MATTHEWS</hi>.—</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-227-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-227-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-227-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-228">
<interp inst="t18590131-228" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-228" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-228-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18590131 t18590131-228-offence-1 t18590131-228-verdict-1"/>
<p>228.
<persName id="def1-228-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-228-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18590131" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18590131" type="surname" value="CONSTABLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-228-18590131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CONSTABLE</hi> (47)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-228-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-228-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-228-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, Unlawfully obtaining 43 bolts of canvas of
<persName id="t18590131-name-55" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-55" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-55" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-228-offence-1 t18590131-name-55"/>George Russell</persName>, by false pretences.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-56" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-56" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RUSSELL</persName> </hi>. I have one partner—we carry on business as linen factors, at 3, Star-court, Broad-street, City—about 13th November last, the prisoner called on me—I recollected him when he was introduced to me, I did not know him by sight—he wished to purchase forty-three bolts of sail-canvas, and wanted a month's credit—I asked him to name his reference, he gave me two references; at the same time he produced a letter or certificate from a firm who had been in business in London two or three years before, and for whom he had acted as agent—he called again the same day to ascertain the result of our inquiries—I told him from what I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310009"/>
<p>had heard, I believed him to be an honest industrious sort of man, but that he was possessed of no means as far as I could ascertain, and that I would sell him the goods only for cash—up to that time he had not mentioned the purpose for which he wanted the canvas—I remarked to him that, supposing his principal could not pay him, he did not seem to be able to pay us—he said there could be no risk in the matter, that he was to be paid for the canvas by an order from the captain of a vessel in the docks upon his owners or brokers—he did not name the vessel at that time—he also added that there would be no risk, that we should have a bill on the vessel for any stores or canvas that might be supplied—after some conversation on the matter, I said that I would sell him the canvas on conditions, first that he would tell me the name of the vessel, and that he would hand the order from the captain on his owners to us for collection, for us to receive the money from the owners and account to him for the balance—he then said that the vessel was the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann,</hi> Cape of Good Hope, commanded by a Dutchman whose name he did not recollect; and he agreed at once to deliver the order, which he did—I then told him that we were relying in this matter entirely upon the truthfulness of his statement—he said that I might rely upon his honesty and truthfulness—he said the canvas was required for sails for the vessel—I supplied him with canvas to the amount of 76
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he said that he had a contract with the captain for a set of sails; and that he was to get them made up by a sail maker—he did not tell me who the sail maker was—I suggested that I should send the goods to the sail maker to save trouble, and I asked his name—he declined to give me the name, as he did not wish the sail-maker to know from whence the canvas came, and he asked me to send the canvas to Railton, Sim & Co., shipbrokers, Seething-lane, one of his referees, as being convenient for the captain to see the canvas there, being close to the docks—I accordingly despatched twenty-seven cases on the 15th, which was all we had in the warehouse at that time, and the remaining sixteen on the 22d—the prisoner called on the 20th to inquire if the rest of the canvas was in hand—I told him it had not arrived, but I expected it on the Monday—he told me to deliver it where the first parcel had been delivered, and it was so delivered—I believed the statement he made that he had a contract with the captain to supply the vessel with sails—I parted with the property upon those representations—I afterwards saw the prisoner at Bow-lane station in the custody of Knight the officer—he requested me not to press the charge, and said that he would give me 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on account if I would send or go with him, and that he would find security for the remainder—I said that I must go on with the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> To whom did you give credit in your books?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> To the prisoner, not to the captain or the owners—I expected to receive from him the captain's order on the owners—I did not inquire anything about the owners at that time—I know that a captain frequently gives orders for sails, I presume that is by the direction of the owners—I gave the prisoner the goods because he told me the name of the vessel and promised to hand over the order of the captain; I refused to sell them otherwise; I refused to let him have any credit—I had a good account of his honesty from the persons I inquired of—so far as I know, they are respectable persons—I know one of the firms to be highly respectable—Railton & Co. also gave him a good character—Kidd & Co. were his former employers, they are very respectable manufacturers, they are the persons from whom the certificate came; they are not in London—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310010"/>
<p>recognised the prisoner as their former agent—I dare say that was two or three years ago—he told me that he was the captain of a merchant vessel, I was not aware of it—he told me that this canvas was to be made up into sails for the vessel, that he had a contract with the captain and was to employ a sailmaker—he was to get them made up and supply them ready made to the vessel—I do not know how long that would take, perhaps three or four weeks—the terms upon which I sold the goods are entered here in my book (
<hi rend="italic">reads</hi>—"John Constable 2 1/2, one month")—I did not also ask him for a bill of exchange—I said if it was necessary to have his note during the currency of the month, I should ask him for it—he agreed to give it if it should be asked—I expected to get the captain's order within the month—I asked him at what time the vessel was expected to sail, and he said in three weeks at the latest.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You never did ask him for the note?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I never did—I should not have parted with the goods if I had not believed the statement he made that the canvas was for the sails of a vessel called the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann,</hi> and that he had authority to procure them, and had made a contract with the captain for that purpose—I should not have parted with the goods unless I had believed he was telling me the truth.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did not you tell the prisoner's wife that you trusted him, because you recollected that he was Kidd's agent?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Certainly not; I never said so—I saw his wife about three weeks afterwards—I recollected who he was when he produced Messrs. Kidd's certificate, but I should never have given him the goods upon the strength of that certificate—that had no effect in inducing me to let him have the goods—I had no reliance on his standing and responsibility, and should never have granted him the goods upon that.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-57" type="surname" value="NEWHOLME"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-57" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NEWHOLME</persName> </hi>. I was the commander of the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann,</hi> lying in the Victoria-dock, in November last—I know nothing of the prisoner—I never made any contract or agreement with him to supply the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi> with sails—I never heard anything of him until he was taken into custody—this card (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is a card of the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann,</hi> of which I am the commander.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> That is one of your cards?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I do not circulate them, the agent of the ship does; I suppose to get freight for the ship—there are other ships called the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann,</hi> but not with my name attached—it is very possible there might have been other vessels called
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi> lying in the docks at that time—we were going to Bombay.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-58" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-58" type="surname" value="SIMMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-58" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK SIMMONDS</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to Mr. D. Pithonia, of Threadneedle-street—the firm are the owners of the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi>—I know nothing of the prisoner with respect to this canvas—I have known him in the City for some time—he had no transaction with our house in respect of the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi>—I never saw him at the office—if he had had any transaction in reference to that vessel, I must have known it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you had transactions with him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I knew him as clerk to Aggs and Co., nothing more—they are in the shipping way—I do not know that he gets his living by supplying sails to vessels—I thought he acted as chartering clerk to Aggs and Co.—that may be three months ago—that is a respectable house as far as I know—I had known him before that, but not to speak to him much—we always employ Messrs. Hall for our sails—the owners never give orders for a ship, without my knowing it—Mr. D. Pithonia is the owner—all orders go</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310011"/>
<p>through the office, and are necessarily known to me, because I have the superintendence of all the ships' accounts—Mr. Pithonia lives at St. John's-wood—he is generally at the office every day—if he transacted business in my absence, he would write the order, and the order would have to be sent out for us to take a note of it—I have not seen any order about these sails—I mean to say that the owner has not given any order, verbal or written, from the fact of its not being recorded—the books are not here, but I can tell without the books, for I have the accounts—I can say positively no order has been given—I superintend all the books—I do not keep them all—I know that the sails for the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi> have been made by Messrs. Hall—if the owner had given an order and handed it to a clerk, and he omitted to enter it, I should conclude that no order had been given, from the fact of not finding it there—if it had been given to some clerk to enter, I should be sure to have known it, because then the other order would not have been given—the order would be given to me if I was there, and if I was not there, it would be laid upon my desk—if it had been laid on my desk and been swept away, and not entered, I should certainly say it was not made out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are the other clerks under your supervision?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Cer
<lb/>tainly not—Mr. Pithonia is the head, and they are all under him; but I attend to the shipping department, the orders and accounts, and all the matters connected with the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi> were under my immediate superintendence—Messrs. Hall, of Limehouse, are the sail-makers for all ships belonging to us—I have been in this house about three years; during the whole of that time I believe we have never employed any other sail-maker—I have been on board the
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know when the sails were supplied to this vessel?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know the date—I was in communication with Messrs. Hall about the tails, about the time they were ordered; that was about Novem
<lb/>ber or December—I have not taken the dates,—I had other business to attend to at the time—the vessel came into dock last February—she has not been out since, until now.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-59" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-59" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE ROBSON</persName> </hi>. I carry on business as an agent, and rent some offices in Seething-lane—I was not requested by the prisoner to receive any goods for him—I was made aware that some canvas would be left there, or that Mr. Railton had given permission to the prisoner to have some—I signed a note for the delivery of some canvas some time in November, I think—I think it was later than the 16th—I have not got the note.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-60" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-60" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE RYAN</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Little Trinity-lane, and am porter to Messrs. Russell—on the 15th November, I delivered twenty-seven bolts of canvas at Messrs. Railton's, and on the 22d of the same month, I delivered sixteen bolts—I have not got the delivery notes here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-61" type="surname" value="BOOTH"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-61" type="given" value="ROBERT JACOB"/>ROBERT JACOB BOOTH</persName> </hi>. I am an auctioneer at 21, Budge-row, City—I have known the prisoner about a year, or a year and a half—I did not know him as Mr. Constable, I knew him as Mr. Sawyer; that was the name he gave me when I first knew him—on 16th November he called on me and brought me twenty-seven bolts of canvas to be sold by auction; they were to be put in my next sale—I made him an advance of 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on account—I sold it by auction for what it would fetch—on 24th November he brought me sixteen bolts more, which he also directed me to sell by auction—I did so—I have paid him the proceeds of the sales—I think they produced 68
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and there was my commission out of that; I think he had about 65
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he did not make any statement how or where he had obtained it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-62" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-62" type="given" value="JOSEPH COMBER"/>JOSEPH COMBER KNIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am one of the detectives of the City of</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310012"/>
<p>London—I received instructions to apprehend the prisoner in November last—on Tuesday, 4th January, I saw him leave a house in the Lewisham-road—I followed him over the bridge, stopped him, and said, "Mr. Con
<lb/>stable, I am a police-officer; I am instructed to apprehend you for obtaining a quantity of canvas from Messrs. Russell & Co. of Broad-street"—he said, "My dear sir, you are entirely mistaken, my name is not Constable, my name is Thompson"—I said, "I believe it is Constable, and you formerly lived at Peckham"—he said, "What did you say the charge was?"—I repeated the charge to him—he said he knew nothing of the firm of Russell & Co., neither did he know anything about any canvas; he never had any dealings with any canvas in his life, and that he would take me to some respectable tradesmen in Lewisham to satisfy me that his name was Thomp
<lb/>son—I told him that I felt satisfied his name was Constable, and if he would go with me to the Peckham police-station they would be able to tell me whether he was the man that I wanted or not, and if he was not the man I would bring him back in a cab and put him down where I took him from—he said there was no occasion for that, for there were respectable people in the neighbourhood to satisfy me—I went with him to two trades-men in the neighbourhood, but not being satisfied I told him he must go to London with me—after a good deal of persuasion I got him up to the railway—he said he very much wished to go back to his house to see his wife, and to get some papers—I consented to go back with him, and took an officer from the railway with me—at his house he went upstairs and looked in a drawer, and took out this card and put it in his pocket—when we got back to the railway and were waiting for the train, the prisoner took the card out of his pocket and showed it to me, and said, "My name is Constable; I am the man you want, but there was no fraud in the transac
<lb/>tion; the canvas was for the sails of this ship, and that is the captain (pointing to the captain's name) that gave me the order for the canvas"—(
<hi rend="italic">Card read</hi>—"For Bombay direct, the fine fast-sailing ship
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann,</hi> A 1, 957 tons register, J. Newholme, commander, lying in the Victoria Dock. For terms of freight and passage apply to Toulmin, Livingstone & Co.")—he said, "The reason why I denied my name, was, that I wanted a little more time, so as to make some arrangement with the firm about paying for the canvas"—I conveyed him to Bow-lane station, and Mr. Russell came and preferred the charge—the prisoner asked if he was allowed to ask Mr. Russell a question—the inspector told him he was—he then told Mr. Russell that if he would go back to Lewisham with him, if he would not press the charge against him, he would give him 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and security for the remainder of the money—Mr. Russell declined doing so.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Mr. Russell for some time seemed to think he would make an arrangement with him—did he not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know—he asked him who took the canvas to Booth's, and the prisoner said a carman had taken it—Mr. Russell asked who told the carman to take it, and the prisoner said, "I did"—the prisoner has a wife and two or three children.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-63" type="surname" value="NEWHOLME"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-63" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES NEWHOLME</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>). The
<hi rend="italic">Mary Ann</hi> sailed on 18th De
<lb/>cember in charge of another captain.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner received a good character.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18590131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-228-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of his former good character.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-228-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-228-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-228-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-228-18590131 t18590131-228-punishment-17"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-229">
<interp inst="t18590131-229" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-229" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-229-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18590131 t18590131-229-offence-1 t18590131-229-verdict-1"/>
<p>229.
<persName id="def1-229-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-229-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18590131" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18590131" type="surname" value="LOFFLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-229-18590131" type="given" value="JOHANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHANN LOFFLER</hi> (26)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-229-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-229-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-229-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, Stealing 2 handkerchiefs and other goods, value 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., of
<persName id="t18590131-name-65" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-65" type="surname" value="HAHN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-65" type="given" value="PHILIP CHRISTIAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-229-offence-1 t18590131-name-65"/>Philip Christian Hahn</persName>, his master; to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-229-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-229-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-229-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-229-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-229-18590131 t18590131-229-punishment-18"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310013"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st,</hi> 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES DUKE</hi>, Bart., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Sixth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-230">
<interp inst="t18590131-230" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-230" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-230-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18590131 t18590131-230-offence-1 t18590131-230-verdict-1"/>
<p>230.
<persName id="def1-230-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-230-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18590131" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-230-18590131" type="given" value="ELIZA OWEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA OWEN BROWN</hi> </persName>, Feloniously
<rs id="t18590131-230-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-230-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-230-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> uttering counterfeit coin; to which she</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-230-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-230-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-230-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-230-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-230-18590131 t18590131-230-punishment-19"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-231">
<interp inst="t18590131-231" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-231" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-231-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-231-18590131 t18590131-231-offence-1 t18590131-231-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-231-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-231-18590131 t18590131-231-offence-1 t18590131-231-verdict-1"/>
<p>231.
<persName id="def1-231-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-231-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18590131" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18590131" type="surname" value="BULL"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18590131" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SARAH BULL</hi> (25)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-231-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-231-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18590131" type="age" value="56"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18590131" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18590131" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN GROVES</hi> (56)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-231-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-231-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-231-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin; to which they</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-231-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-231-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-231-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-231-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-231-18590131 t18590131-231-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-231-18590131 t18590131-231-punishment-20"/>Confined Nine Months each</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-232">
<interp inst="t18590131-232" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-232" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-232-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18590131 t18590131-232-offence-1 t18590131-232-verdict-1"/>
<p>232.
<persName id="def1-232-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-232-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18590131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18590131" type="surname" value="FORSTER"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FORSTER</hi> (21)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18590131-232-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-232-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-232-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS ELLIS</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-70" type="surname" value="WALSH"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-70" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH WALSH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Richard Walsh—we keep a shop in Little Windmill-street—we sell sweets and cigars—on 8th January the prisoner purchased a cigar, he paid me 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for it—on the following Monday he came again, and he paid for what he bought with copper money—on Thursday, 13th, he came again, asked for a cigar and offered me a half-crown—I told him I had got no change and I would trust him—I trusted him—he paid me next day—on the following Saturday he came again and bought three cigars—they came to 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a shilling—I gave him 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in change—I put the shilling in my pocket by itself—I had no other shilling—on Monday evening, the 17th, he came again and bought some sweet-stuff which came to a penny—he gave me the penny for that, and asked me to give him a half crown for 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—I did so—I thought it rather singular, and I put the shilling I had in my pocket with the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and took them to a neighbour—I found they were all bad, and I put them by themselves—on Tuesday, the 18th, the prisoner came again, he asked for a cigar, and offered me a bad half-crown—I detected it immediately—I went round the counter and said to him, "You have passed a good deal of bad money on me; you must have thought me a natural fool"—I knocked at the door for my landlady and shut the prisoner in my shop—he got out, and I caught hold of him and pushed him into the shop again, and kept him until he was given into custody—I gave the half-crown and the 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to the constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Where did you keep the first shilling?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In my pocket all the while—I don't know the difference between that and the other two shillings; but I had no other shilling—those three shillings were what you gave me—I can swear you are the person that offered the whole of the money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-71" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-71" type="surname" value="BUCKINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-71" type="given" value="FEDERICK"/>FEDERICK BUCKINGHAM</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, C</hi> 76). On 18th January I was called to Mrs. Walsh's shop about a quarter-past 6 o'clock in the evening—she gave the prisoner in charge, and gave me this 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and this half-crown—the prisoner said, he did not pass them—he afterwards said, that he had passed the half-crown—he refused to give his address—I found on him 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in good money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-72" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-72" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Royal Mint—this money is all bad, and the three shillings are all cast in one mould.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310014"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I can assure you of the four pieces of coin I am innocent—I believe the fact is, the coins were passed by one person, and then I unfortunately passed another.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-232-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-232-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-232-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-232-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18590131 t18590131-232-punishment-21"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-233">
<interp inst="t18590131-233" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-233" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-233-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18590131 t18590131-233-offence-1 t18590131-233-verdict-1"/>
<p>233.
<persName id="def1-233-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-233-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18590131" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18590131" type="surname" value="MACK"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18590131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MACK</hi> (35)</persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18590131-233-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-233-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-233-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-74" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-74" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARRIS</persName> </hi>. I am a shoemaker, and live in Strutton-ground—on Sunday, 16th January, the prisoner came to my shop—he wanted a pair of children's shoes—they came to 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he laid down 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on my cutting-board—I took them up and tried them with my teeth—I found them both bad; they bent very easily—I told him they were bad—he appeared not to understand what I said—he appeared muddled with drink—I told him I would not take such money as that—he said, after an observation or two, "Well, governor, I want a pair of children's shoes"—I said, "You are aware I can't take such money as this"—he took up the two shillings and went away—I saw him passing my house afterwards and gave information.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-75" type="surname" value="DIXON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-75" type="given" value="JAMES ROBERT"/>JAMES ROBERT DIXON</persName> </hi>. My father is a butcher, and lives in York-street, Westminster—on Sunday morning, 16th January, I saw the prisoner about half-past 11 o'clock in the shop making a purchase of some meat—it came to 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—my father told me to take 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—the prisoner put down a shilling—I put it to my teeth and bent it—the prisoner appeared to be in liquor—I told him I could not take such money as that—he said, he did not think it was bad, and he then appeared more drunk still—he had not had any liquor during that interval—I told him if a constable came up I would give him in charge for passing bad money—a person outside said, "Millerman is coming"—the prisoner said, he did not care; neither Millerman nor a policeman should take him—I afterwards gave informa
<lb/>tion to the constable Carr, and I gave him the bad shilling—he marked it in my presence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-76" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-76" type="given" value="LOUISA"/>LOUISA MASON</persName> </hi>. On Sunday, 16th January, the prisoner came to my shop about half-past 12 o'clock—he appeared to be in liquor—he asked for half an ounce of tobacco—it came to three halfpence—he put down a shilling on the counter—I took it up to try it; but before I took it up I found it was bad—I tried it and bent it—I said to the prisoner, "This is a bad shilling you have given me"—he said, "Never mind, mistress, I have plenty more money"—he took from his pocket 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. or 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in halfpence, a sixpence, and two more bad shillings—he held them out to me—I took one of the shillings out of his hand and found that was bad—I said to him, "This is bad also;" and I said, I would give him in charge if there was a policeman near—he wanted the shilling out of my hand, and it fell on the floor—he picked it up and went out of the shop—in half an hour afterwards I saw him pass my shop, and he went into a barber's shop—I had before given information to a policeman, and marked the shilling and given it to him—shortly afterwards Millerman brought the prisoner to my shop—I asked him where he got the bad shilling—he said he did not know—I said, "If you are a working man, and have taken it for your work, I won't give you in charge"—he then said, "I made it"—he was given in charge—I saw him strike Millerman one blow with his fist on the head.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-77" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-77" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-77" type="given" value="FERRIS"/>FERRIS CARR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 206). I went in search of the prisoner on 16th January, about a quarter-past 12 o'clock—I afterwards saw Millerman</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310015"/>
<p>and the prisoner together, and the prisoner had got hold of Millerman, and he struck him on the top of his head, and in his right eye, and blood was running from his nose and his right eye—I told the prisoner two or three times to let go—he took no notice—I struck him with my fist, and then he let go—he then kicked me across the leg—No. 130 came to assist me, and we took him to the station—in going he asked me what charge I had against him—I said, "Passing bad money"—he said, "You b—rs, you cannot hang me for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-78" type="surname" value="MILLERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MILLERMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 95). On Sunday, 16th January, I received from Mrs. Mason this bad shilling—I went to a barber's shop and found the prisoner—I told him he had been passing bad money at Mrs. Mason's shop, and I should search him—he made no reply—I searched him very minutely; I found a sixpence and twopence on him—he went through the degrees of searching like an old thief, and held up his arms—I told him I would go to Mrs. Mason, and when we got from there he walked a little way, he then turned all on a sudden and gouged my eye out of its socket, and before that he tried to bite my nose—I seized him by the hair, and got him against the wall, or he would have bitten my nose off; and he
<hi rend="italic">bucked</hi> me in the thighs with his knees—he was eventually taken into custody—my eye has been very painful ever since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-79" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-79" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad shillings, and from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I changed a crown-piece with a costermonger for some coke, which was the last money I had; and the money I had from him was the money I uttered—I did not try to make my escape; I did not know the money was bad—in going to the station my cap dropped off, I wanted to stoop to pick it up and he would not let me, but struck me, and seized me by the throat—the inspector knows that I went to the station without a cap—he knows that I get my living by hard work—he called me a smasher.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MILLERMAN</hi>. I did not call him so—I did not know he was one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-233-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-233-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-233-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-233-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18590131 t18590131-233-punishment-22"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-234">
<interp inst="t18590131-234" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-234" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-234-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18590131 t18590131-234-offence-1 t18590131-234-verdict-1"/>
<p>234.
<persName id="def1-234-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-234-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18590131" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18590131" type="surname" value="MACK"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18590131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN MACK</hi> </persName> was again indicted
<rs id="t18590131-234-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-234-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-234-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="assault"/> for assaulting
<persName id="t18590131-name-81" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-81" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-81" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-81" type="occupation" value="police constable"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-234-offence-1 t18590131-name-81"/>William Miller</persName>-man, a police constable, in the execution of his duty.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-82" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-82" type="given" value="FERRIS"/>FERRIS CARR</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 206). On Sunday, 16th January, I had some bad money given me, and was in search of the prisoner—I saw him; he had hold of Millerman with his left hand, in Great Chapel-street, and they were struggling one with the other, and the prisoner's right thumb was under Millerman's eye, which was running with blood, and the eye was forcing from its place—I caught hold of the prisoner, and told him three different times to let go—he would not, and I struck him with my fist—he let go, and he instantly kicked me on the right leg—other assistance came, and we took him to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you not strike me twice? No; only once—Millerman had not got hold of your neck—he seemed regularly lost with you—my staff was never drawn—when at the office, a policeman said, "That is the man that gouged one of our men's eye out; "and the prisoner said, "Yes, I gouged his b—eye out, and would have done for him if it had not been for him," pointing to me; "he ought to have been done for long ago."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-83" type="surname" value="MILLERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-83" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MILLERMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, B</hi> 95). On Sunday, 16th January, I received information, and found the prisoner in a barber's shop—I told him he was charged with passing bad money at Mrs. Mason's—I searched him and took him away—he went quietly to Mrs. Mason's—I was then going to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310016"/>
<p>take him to the station, and he seized me by the neck with his left hand, and tried to gouge my eye out of its socket with his right thumb—he would have bit me; and he kicked me very violently, and
<hi rend="italic">bucked</hi> me with his knee—I got him against the wall, and kept him there—I cannot see now out of my right eye—my nose and my eye bled very much; I never had such a violent man in my life.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner Q.</hi> Did I not drop my cap? No; I saw no cap at all—I did not seize you by the throat and twist your handkerchief—if I had, you would not have done what you did—I don't know that I ever saw you in my life before.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> The evidence of the officer is very wrong—I was very drunk—I was almost dead with his screwing his knuckles in my throat—Carr gave me two severe blows, and struck me with his staff—they threw me down several times, and no sooner was I down than I was kicked again.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-234-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-234-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-234-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18590131 t18590131-234-punishment-23"/>Confined Six Months more</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-235">
<interp inst="t18590131-235" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-235" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-235-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18590131 t18590131-235-offence-1 t18590131-235-verdict-1"/>
<p>235.
<persName id="def1-235-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-235-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18590131" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18590131" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18590131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CAREY</hi> (27)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-235-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-235-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-235-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, Unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-85" type="surname" value="BRANNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-85" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRANNAN</persName> </hi>. I was formerly an inspector of police—On the 21st January I went to the prisoner's house, No. 13, Denzell-street, Clare Market, with Mr. Bryant and other officers, about 8 o'clock in the evening—on entering I saw the prisoner in his shop, in his shirt sleeves, with his arms folded—it is a tobacconist's shop, and he sells a little stationery—when I went in, he unfolded his arms and placed his left hand on the counter—I lost sight of his right hand—I believe he put it under the counter—he stooped—I put my hand against his breast, and pushed him back against the back part of the shop—he put his right hand behind him, and placed his hand on this sword that was on the wall—he did not succeed in getting it down—I called to Mr. Bryant, saying if he did not seize him he would do some mischief—I got over the counter, and Mr. Bryant pulled him away—at that time this sword fell down between him and I, and he was then pulled from that part of the counter—I put my hand into a drawer-hole in the counter, and at the end of that there is a small hole which is sufficient to admit a person's hand, and in that hole, which is behind the drawer-hole, I found this bag, which contains five crowns, each wrapped up in separate papers; twelve half-crowns in one paper, and two florins in one piece of paper, and on the ledge of the drawer I found two florins, loose—Mr. Bryant and Serjeant Brannan took the prisoner into the back parlour—I said to the prisoner, "
<hi rend="italic">Jack,</hi> I have come to pay you another visit"—he said, "Yes, I wish you
<hi rend="italic">was</hi> dead, you old b—r"—I said, "I have been instructed to pay you a visit for dealing in counterfeit coin"—he said, "I know nothing about it"—I said, "This is strong symptoms of it"—he said he knew nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOYLE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Why, he would never have used this sword in an offensive way?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe he would if he had not been prevented—there were seven of us—I did not strike him on the breast; I pushed him—it is a small shop; I could reach from the front of the counter to the shelves at the back—he stooped down under the counter, and according to my judgment he was putting this bag in the hole—I should say so from the action of his shoulder—there is no drawer there—the hole where this bag was, is at the back of where the drawer would go—I was very quick in push
<lb/>ing</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310017"/>
<p>him back, but I believe he had time to put his hand under the counter, and place this bag—I seized him instantly, but I believe he saw me enter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-86" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-86" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BRYANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police Inspector.</hi>) I went on 21st January with Mr. Brannan to the prisoner's house—he was standing with his arms folded—as I entered I saw him put his left hand on the counter, and his right hand underneath—I was getting over the counter, and Mr. Brannan pushed him back, and called to me, "For God's sake make haste, he will do some mis
<lb/>chief "—I saw him put his hand behind him, and he was trying to unhook this sword from a nail—I got over and seized him—he resisted violently—with the assistance of Sergeant Brannan I took him in the parlour—I found in his right-hand pocket a counterfeit florin, a halfpenny, and a key—I said to him, "You have got counterfeit coin in your pocket"—he said, "I know nothing about it"—I left him in custody of other officers, and I returned to the shop, and found a packet containing twenty florins on the floor of the shop near the parlour door—that was the way in which we had taken him into the parlour—they were not wrapped separate, but were in one packet—I showed them to the prisoner, and he said, "I know nothing about them; you will find nothing in my place except what you put there"—the florin I found in his pocket, and the twenty which I picked up appear to me to be from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where did you find these?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On the floor—that is an odd place to keep them—if they had dropped from the prisoner I might not have heard them in the scuffle—there was a man in the shop when we went in—he was let go—he was not near the part where these florins were—the prisoner made a serious resistance at first till we got him into the parlour—he did not strike a blow.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What became of the man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> We searched him, and took his address, which we found was correct—he said he came to buy a quarter of an ounce of tobacco, and he had the tobacco in his hand—he is a porter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-87" type="surname" value="BRANNAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-87" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BRANNAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, G</hi> 21). I entered the prisoner's shop—he made a resistance—I said, "Now,
<hi rend="italic">Jack,</hi> be quiet"—I put my hand in his left-hand pocket, and found some good money—he said, "That is all right; you fancy you have got me
<hi rend="italic">to rights</hi> this time, but you will find yourselves mistaken"—I searched the shop, and found these five counterfeit florins on the floor near the parlour-door behind the counter.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Why, it seems the whole floor was covered with coins?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, it was not—these florins were close by the packet—I dare say the prisoner tried to get to a side door which there is there to make his escape.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-88" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-88" type="given" value="ARTHUR"/>ARTHUR ELLIOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, G</hi> 104). I assisted in searching the shop, and on a shelf in a cigar-box I found two packets, one containing four coun
<lb/>terfeit florins and the other seven—they were not wrapped up separate, but were together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-89" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-89" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, S</hi> 198). I assisted in searching the prisoner's house—I found twenty bad florins on a shelf just within the parlour-door—they were all wrapped in one bit of paper—the prisoner said, "If there is any counterfeit coin in the house, you brought it—I held up this packet, and said, "You cannot say I brought this"—he said, "It is a
<hi rend="italic">put up</hi> thing for me; I have expected it some months."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-90" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These 81 pieces are all bad—here are 5 crowns, 16 half-crowns, and 60 florins—they are from several moulds.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-235-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-235-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-235-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-235-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-235-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-235-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18590131 t18590131-235-punishment-24"/>Confined Two Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-236">
<interp inst="t18590131-236" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-236" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-236-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18590131 t18590131-236-offence-1 t18590131-236-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310018"/>
<p>236.
<persName id="def1-236-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-236-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18590131" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18590131" type="surname" value="VAILE"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM VAILE</hi> (29)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-236-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-236-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-236-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, Feloniously forging and uttering a bill of exchange for 24
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. with intent to defraud; to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18590131-236-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-236-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-236-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-236-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-236-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-236-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18590131 t18590131-236-punishment-25"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THIRD COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">st,</hi> 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MECHI</hi>;
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MICHEL</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRENDERGAST</hi>, Esq. Q.C.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before M. Prendergast, Esq. Q.C., and the Seventh Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-237">
<interp inst="t18590131-237" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-237" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-237-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18590131 t18590131-237-offence-1 t18590131-237-verdict-1"/>
<p>237.
<persName id="def1-237-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-237-18590131" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18590131" type="age" value="35"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18590131" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18590131" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA DAY</hi> (35)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-237-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-237-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-237-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/>, Feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18590131-name-93" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-93" type="surname" value="HAYDAY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-93" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-237-offence-1 t18590131-name-93"/>William Hayday</persName>, her husband being alive; to which she</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-237-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-237-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-237-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-237-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-237-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-237-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18590131 t18590131-237-punishment-26"/>Confined One Month</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-238">
<interp inst="t18590131-238" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-238" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-238-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18590131 t18590131-238-offence-1 t18590131-238-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-238-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18590131 t18590131-238-offence-2 t18590131-238-verdict-1"/>
<p>238.
<persName id="def1-238-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-238-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18590131" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18590131" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18590131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BROWN</hi> (18)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-238-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-238-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-238-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18590131-name-95" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-95" type="surname" value="SQUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-95" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-238-offence-1 t18590131-name-95"/>Jane Squire</persName>, and stealing therein 1 knife, her property; and 3 shawls, the property of
<persName id="t18590131-name-96" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-96" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-96" type="surname" value="PHILPOTTS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-96" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-238-offence-1 t18590131-name-96"/>Eliza Philpotts</persName>;</rs>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>
<rs id="t18590131-238-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-238-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-238-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18590131-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-97" type="surname" value="BRUMEL"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-97" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-238-offence-2 t18590131-name-97"/>George Brumel</persName>, and stealing therein 1 dress, the property of
<persName id="t18590131-name-98" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-98" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-98" type="surname" value="KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-98" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-238-offence-2 t18590131-name-98"/>Mary Keefe</persName>; to both of which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-238-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-238-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-238-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-238-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-238-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-238-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18590131 t18590131-238-punishment-27"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-239">
<interp inst="t18590131-239" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-239" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-239-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18590131 t18590131-239-offence-1 t18590131-239-verdict-1"/>
<p>239.
<persName id="def1-239-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-239-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18590131" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18590131" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18590131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE ATKINS</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-239-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-239-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-239-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, Feloniously, and with another person, assaulting
<persName id="t18590131-name-100" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-100" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-100" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-239-offence-1 t18590131-name-100"/>Robert Green</persName>, with intent to rob him.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GENT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-101" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-101" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT GREEN</persName> </hi>. I am a cabinet-maker of 12, Parry-street, Lambeth—on Saturday morning, 25th December, between 12 and 1 o'clock, I was in Parliament-street going home—a female came up and asked me to accompany her, which I declined—she asked me if I would treat her to a glass of drink—I said, "No"—she said, "If you will go into King-street over the way, you can get some coffee there or anything else you like to drink"—I said "No; I am not going out of my way, I am going to Cannon-row and over Westminster-bridge, and I might get some coffee there"—she walked by my side, and just as I turned into Cannon-row, a person seized me violently by the throat from behind, pulled my neck back, thrust his knee into my back, and held me in that position, suffocating me for the time, while the female, who was in front of me, rifled my pockets—I am confident it was a man's grasp—I thrust my right hand into the female's mouth and held her bottom jaw as tightly as possible, and she cried out two or three times, "Take your hand out of my mouth"—the person behind me released my hand from her, and that enabled me to call out "Police" several times—I was thrown down, and the person knelt on my throat while the woman rifled my pockets—they tore my clothes—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is my waistcoat; it is torn all across from this pocket where my watch was, attached to this ribbon which I have on now—I had 5 half-sovereigns in a little bag, and 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in silver—that was left safe in my breeches pocket—there was a lamp three yards facing me—the policeman came up, and my watch fell from my pocket and hung by the guard, which it could not have done if my waistcoat had not been torn—I was holding my waistcoat at the time of the struggle—I am confident that the woman rifled my pockets, but cannot say whether the man assisted her—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310019"/>
<p>was kneeling on my throat at the time—when the policeman came up, they ran away, and I got up and saw my hat lying on the pavement and this cap (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) by the side of it—I gave it to the policeman—it was not mine—the prisoner said when the charge was taken, that he had no cap, but a hat—there was no other means of this cap getting there besides its falling from the man who I had the struggle with—it was lying close to my head, as if I had knocked it off in the struggle with him before I fell—when I got up, I saw the prisoner in a policeman's custody—I had not seen the man run from me, and cannot say which way he went, as I was lying on my back at the corner of Cannon-row—I suffered very much from the violence to my throat for several days, and had mustard poultices applied to it, as it was so swollen that I could scarcely eat—I was told when I got up that the prisoner was taken, and I followed to Gardner's-lane station and saw the prisoner in custody—he had nothing on his head—I should say he is about the size of the man who was behind me—I could tell by his head as I was striking behind with my left hand, making use of my arm as well as I could, but not so as to leave any mark on him—I held the woman, but twenty or thirty people came round, and sympathised with her, saying, "What do you want with her?"—I said that she had been attempting to rob me—they said, "You have not lost anything"—I said "No"—they said, "The party who has been robbing you, is in custody"—I said "Yes"—they said, "Do not trouble any more, let her go," and under the excitement, I took their advice—I had seized her before I fell, held her while I was down, and when I got up I still had hold of her—she was rifling my pockets while I held her—when I let her go, she took to her heels as fast as possible, and I have never seen her since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> Did not the policeman stand behind you at Bow-street and tell you what you were to say?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He stood behind me, but never said a word to me; you complained of the witness's door being open, and Mr. Jardine ordered it to be closed.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-102" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-102" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, A</hi> 89). On this night I was on duty in Cannon-row—about twenty minutes past 12 I heard a cry of "Police"—I went towards the spot as fast as I could, and saw the prisoner on top of the prosecutor in a corner—I was then about fourteen yards from them—as soon as the prisoner caught sight of me he ran away, but I never lost sight of him, and took him in Parliament-street—he had no hat or cap on—he resisted a little and said that he would not go with me; but I took him back to the spot, and the prosecutor, who was there, gave me this cap—there was a woman there when I first saw them lying on the pavement with the prosecutor, but I did not see her when I got back—the prosecutor was very excited, but was perfectly sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-103" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-103" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HILLS</persName> </hi>. I am a hay salesman, of Cannon Wharf, Cannon-row, West
<lb/>minster—on Friday night, previous to Christmas-day, I went to bed at about half-past 12 o'clock, I cannot say to five minutes—just before I got into bed I heard some one call "Murder," "Police," and my wife, who was at the window, made more noise for me to get up than was made outside—the window was open—I looked out and saw the prisoner and a woman and the prosecutor lying down in a corner struggling very hard—I put my trousers and slippers on and rushed down into the street—the prisoner had run away, but in less than a minute the policeman brought him back—I ran after the woman, but my slipper came off, and I could not catch her—I have not the least doubt that the prisoner is the man—it was about three yards from one lamp and five from another—I saw him distinctly</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310020"/>
<p>when I looked out at the window, and knew him again when he was brought back—he had no hat or cap on either time.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was coming down Parliament-street—I heard a woman screaming, and just as I got to the corner a man came past me, knocked me down, and ran away—he took my hat—I ran after him, and the policeman came and took me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-239-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-239-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-239-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">He was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-104" type="surname" value="LANGRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-104" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN LANGRIDGE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, L</hi> 130). I produce a certificate of the prisoner's former conviction (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "Newington Sessions, March,</hi> 1851;
<hi rend="italic">
<persName id="t18590131-name-105">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-105" type="surname" value="M'DERMOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-105" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>Thomas M'Dermott</persName>, convicted of stealing live pigeons. Confined Eight Months"</hi>)—he also assaulted the prosecutor, who came to prevent his taking the pigeons.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.**†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-239-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-239-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-239-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18590131 t18590131-239-punishment-28"/>Ten Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-240">
<interp inst="t18590131-240" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-240" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-240-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18590131 t18590131-240-offence-1 t18590131-240-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-240-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-240-18590131 t18590131-240-offence-1 t18590131-240-verdict-1"/>
<p>240.
<persName id="def1-240-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-240-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18590131" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18590131" type="surname" value="GRIEVES"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18590131" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH GRIEVES</hi> (33)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-240-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-240-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-240-18590131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def2-240-18590131" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="def2-240-18590131" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER LYONS</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-240-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-240-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-240-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18590131-name-108" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-108" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-108" type="given" value="PICKARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-240-offence-1 t18590131-name-108"/>Pickard Arnold</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-109" type="surname" value="TROTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-109" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE TROTMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman,</hi> 39). On 23d December, about 20 minutes past 12, I was in Aldersgate-street—I received information, and went to Arnold's ink manufactory, 135, Aldersgate-street—I found two policemen there; Clark, one of them, handed me a screw-driver, a right-hand glove, and a broken candle—I searched the premises, and found the sky-light broken, as if some one had fallen through—about an hour afterwards I went to the station, and saw the prisoner there, and a woman, who has since been discharged—I had the glove and the other things in my hand, and Lyons said, "That is my glove, but the other things are not"—the inspector asked him what the glove was lined with—he made no answer, but Grieves said, "It is lined with red velvet or plush"—it is so lined.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-110" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman,</hi> 237). On 23d December, about a quarter past 12, I received information about a skylight, went to the side door in Half Moon Passage, and saw the first floor window open—on being admitted by the housekeeper, I saw the skylight, and found underneath it on the floor a right-hand glove, a screw-driver, and a broken candle, which looks as if a knee had fallen on it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—my notion is, that the persons had gone up the staircase of another house, and out at the window on to this skylight, the woodwork of which, being rotten, went in, and the men with it, as I guess—if they just put their feet on the skylight, they would go right through, and fall nine or ten feet, but I do not consider that they must have out themselves with the glass.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was the glass broken?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The whole skylight; but there wore no marks of blood on the floor that I noticed—the next house is let out to lodgers, and the door being open, they could get in—it is not, I believe, open all night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-111" type="surname" value="ATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-111" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL ATKINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman,</hi> 217). On the night of 22nd December, between 10 and 11 o'clock, I saw Grieves at the bottom of Half Moon Passage, twenty or thirty yards from Messrs. Arnold's premises—he was alone—the Blakeney's Head is at the other end of the alley—ho was leaning on his walking stick by the Blakeney's Head, with his back towards the passage, and his face towards Bartholomew-close—I saw him standing in that way for three or four minutes—he does not live in that neighbourhood—I am the police-man on the boat—I did not speak to him, or he to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-112" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-112" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-112" type="given" value="CHARLOTE"/>CHARLOTE WELCH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of James Welch, of Half Moon Passage, opposite the prosecutor's—on 23d December, I was awoke by a</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310021"/>
<p>policeman knocking at Mr. Harding's door—he is the foreman at the ink factory, and lives at that house—I came down, opened the street-door, and saw a man and woman close to my door—the factory is on the right-hand side, and my house is on the left—there was a gas light burning in the passage, and I could see them well—in consequence of what I stated to the police, I was taken to Newgate yesterday, and was shown several prisoners together, and picked out Grieves as the person I had seen that night—he was about two yards from the factory, only across the passage, it might be a little more.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is it close to Aldersgate-street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes. I did not go before the Magistrate—this was at 20 minutes past 12—I was on the second floor, and looked out at the window, but did not notice anybody till I came down to the door, and then I saw the man and woman—they were standing in a quiet sort of way, talking and looking on the same as I was, and to the best of my belief Grieves is the man—I did not know the woman—I was told that I was to point out the man at Newgate—I had not talked to the policeman about what sort of a man he was—I have been laid up ever since, and did not see him till the policeman fetched me yesterday.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-113" type="surname" value="GISBY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-113" type="given" value="THOMAS GEORGE"/>THOMAS GEORGE GISBY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman,</hi> 245). On 23d December, about half-past one o'clock, I went with Mead to the Angel public-house, Farringdon-street, and on entering I saw the prisoners in front of the bar—that is about ten minutes' walk from the prosecutor's, but quite in a different neighbour
<lb/>hood—I told them the charge, and took them to the station—Grieves was asked his address in my presence, and he said he had got no fixed residence, he slept at different coffee-shops—Lyons gave me no address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was the woman taken in custody and discharged?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, it was on another charge that I took the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-114" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-114" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS MEAD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman,</hi> 216). I also took the prisoners—I searched Lyons and found on him 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and this glove (
<hi rend="italic">A left-hand glove, which matched the other</hi>)—his hands were very dirty and black, and his trousers too; it was a Kind of black as if he had been on the housetops, his hands were very black as if they had been in ink—I saw no ink on his trousers, but I did on his hands—I saw nothing on Grieves' hands or trousers—Lyons had also a piece of rag on his forefinger which was dyed on the outside with ink—it was as if he had cut his finger—I did not state that before the Magistrate.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-115" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-115" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARDING</persName> </hi>. I am warehouseman at Messrs. Arnold's writing-ink manufactory, 130, Aldersgate-street, and sleep on the premises—on Wednesday night, 22d December, I fastened no the premises about 10 o'clock—the windows and doors were all fastened, and I went to bed—I was awoke by the police knocking at the kitchen shutters between 12 and 1 o'clock—I found the framework of the skylight broken and all these things on the ground—the policeman searched, but there was no one to be found—we went to the other counting-house and discovered asash broken open where they had got out—they had made a previous attempt at a skylight over one of the ink coppers used for copying ink, which is very strong—I saw ink stains all over the skylight frame over that copper—the copper was covered over, and they would have to stand on the top of it to reach the skylight—they could touch the inside of the frame—the marks were inside and are there now—I think they had endeavoured to get out that way and could not, and then got out at the sash window of the counting-house, which would take them on to the same range of leads—the gate would</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310022"/>
<p>have been closed, but they could have run round and got out at some of the gates in Cloth Fair.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> There is a house as I understand which is let out in lodgings?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; it has got a staircase window—my skylight is within a footstep of that window—I think it not unlikely that in getting out at that window the man trod on the skylight which then fell in—it would not bear prizing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-116" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi>) The frame is all decayed and was in a rotten state, tumbling to pieces—if a man put his foot on it down it would go—he would have to get out at the window and get three feet outside, it is two feet down—I do not believe he could get anywhere from that roof—it is covered, with tiles, not lead.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-117" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-117" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WHITE</persName> </hi>. I am a printer, of 136, Aldersgate-street—the landing on my first floor is level with Messrs. Arnold's premises—on Wednesday night, 22d December, at a little after midnight, I heard a crack as if a pane of glass was broken—I went towards the window and saw a man's hand placed on one pane of glass—I went towards the window with a light and heard two smashes, one when they went through the skylight, and one when they went to the bottom—when the man's hand was on the window, he was not below—it is not above this width, and he must have stood sideways to have got there at all—I went to the second floor and heard somebody scrambling about on the glass underneath—his body must have been at the side, on a level with his hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How many sides are there to the skylight?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It lies on the roof, and is about the length of a man's body—I suppose my going to the window disturbed them, and they fell through it—the skylight is slanting from the gutter; one side of the gutter is the skylight—I think that in endeavouring to run from me he fell right through.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-240-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-240-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-240-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-241">
<interp inst="t18590131-241" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-241" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-241-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18590131 t18590131-241-offence-1 t18590131-241-verdict-1"/>
<p>241.
<persName id="def1-241-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-241-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18590131" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18590131" type="surname" value="WILTSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18590131" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WILTSHIRE</hi> (25)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-241-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-241-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-241-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, Burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18590131-name-119" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-119" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-119" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-241-offence-1 t18590131-name-119"/>John Hudson</persName>, and stealing therein half a pint of wine and some beef and bread his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MEW</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-120" type="surname" value="MASHITER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MASHITER</persName> </hi>. I am a barrister, and live at Romford in Essex—on 22d January I was on a visit with my wife at Mr. Hudson's, 3, Upper Lansdowne-terrace, Notting-hill—I was disturbed about 2 or 3 o'clock in the morning, looked down the well staircase, and saw a light at the bottom, which appeared to come through a glass partition at the basement of the kitchen stairs—I immediately went down—the light continued till I went over the drawing-room passage, when a person could see anyone coming down, and as I got to the last stair, the light suddenly vanished—I then examined all the doors as I passed; the drawing-room door was fastened, and the door leading down to the passage also—I opened the green baize door of the room, and it was perfectly safe, but I heard a door slam in the kitchen, looked out at the hall-window, and saw the prisoner climbing up the area stairs and over the area gate into the path—I rushed out after him; he ran down the terrace, and directly he saw me he called out for assistance—I followed him about one hundred yards; he turned round preparing to strike me, and I knocked him down, held him, and called "Police"—three policemen came up, and I gave him in custody; he directly pretended to be tipsy—the constables went into the house, and left me to guard the gate and the hall—one of the ladies, Mrs. Maldon, said in the prisoner's presence,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310023"/>
<p>"Walter, are you alone? is any one with you?"—he said, "I am by myself"—I had known him in Mr. Hudson's service upwards of four years—the door he was attempting to open used always to be kept locked in his time—I examined the hall door, which was fastened; the lock had been tried with some instrument, and the wood was burnt as if a candle had been held to it—three panes of glass had marks of a man's fingers, and one pane had had the putty cut by a knife like this, which was found in the area, and which had been used to snuff a candle—two panes in the kitchen window had been broken for a hand to undraw a bolt, and two panes at the bottom were broken—I saw some meat found in the kitchen, which had been cut off, and mustard and salt put on it—the piece of candle was found on the mat at the door—I also saw a quartern loaf, which had been recently cut—I saw the piece matched with it, and it corresponded.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Are you quite sure it was me on the area steps?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Positive; I saw another man in the road when I came back, when I was watching the area gate—he was not there when I ran after the prisoner—I am sure he was not the person who ran up the area steps—I knew the prisoner to be Mr. Hudson's servant—I saw his face by the gas when he was on the area steps.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-121" type="surname" value="LINSOOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-121" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LINSOOTT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, T</hi> 121). About 2 o'clock on Sunday morning, the 23d January, I was on duty on Lansdowne-terrace, heard cries of Police," and saw the prisoner in the custody of the last witness—I took him back to the house, and found a pane of glass broken in the back kitchen window, and an entry made there—this piece of candle was burning on the mat—I went with the inspector and matched this piece of bread to the loaf—the prisoner said in the passage, "Oh, I have got in many times before," meaning when he was a servant there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-122" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-122" type="given" value="EMMA"/>EMMA COLEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am cook to Mr. Hudson—I went to bed on Saturday night at a quarter to 11, and fastened up the kitchen window—I afterwards saw that there had been a pane of glass taken out—I was aroused by Mrs. Maldon about 1 or 2 o'clock, went downstairs, and heard somebody leaving the area gate, and saw Mr. Mashiter follow the prisoner—the bread and the beef had been cut, and I saw a piece of candle lying on the mat by the door; it had been taken from a cupboard in the kitchen, and was a whole candle when I went to bed—I had looked and bolted the passage door the night before—some wine was taken from a full bottle which stood on a table in the passage when I went to bed—when the prisoner was brought back, Mrs. Maldon asked him if he was alone, and he said "Yes"—he did not say what he came there for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MASHITER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you hear anything done to the door?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; but the lock on the hall side had been tried with a knife or some instrument—he failed in doing that, but had he taken out a pane of glass next to the lock, he could have put his hand through, and let himself into the hall—this was the inner hall-door, and across the hall is the room where Mr. Hudson's curiosities were, and he knew that Mr. Hudson kept his money there—I observed marks on the door of fingers feeling the putty, which had been cut with a short instrument a considerable way down, as if a man had been trying to take the glass out—Mr. Hudson is a very aged, infirm man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was not in the house, neither did I get over the area gate—there was a person in the house, who came out and asked me if I could see a policeman—I said that I had not seen one—I did not leave the turnpike gate till a quarter-past 1 on Sunday morning, and then this person came out, and I thought he was a policeman—he asked me if I should like anything to eat—I said "Yes," and he brought me out a piece of bread and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310024"/>
<p>meat—directly I heard Mrs. Maldon's bell ringing I ran away—I was quite tipsy—I had been drinking all day long—I declare I had not been in the house for twelve months.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-241-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-241-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-241-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury.—
<rs id="t18590131-241-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-241-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-241-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18590131 t18590131-241-punishment-29"/>Confined One Year</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>, 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">BARON WATSON; MR. JUSTICE BYLES</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JAMES DUKE</hi>, Bart. Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart. Ald.; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MICHAEL PRENDERGAST</hi>, Esq. Q.C.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Watson and the Third Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-242">
<interp inst="t18590131-242" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-242" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-242-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18590131 t18590131-242-offence-1 t18590131-242-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-242-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-242-18590131 t18590131-242-offence-1 t18590131-242-verdict-1"/>
<p>242.
<persName id="def1-242-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-242-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18590131" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18590131" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18590131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS WILLIAMS</hi> (48)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-242-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-242-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-242-18590131" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-242-18590131" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="def2-242-18590131" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT FROST</hi> (22)</persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18590131-242-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-242-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-242-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18590131-name-125" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-125" type="surname" value="BOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-125" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-242-offence-1 t18590131-name-125"/>Char
<lb/>lotte Bowers</persName>, and stealing two decanter stands, value 20
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., her property, and feloniously wounding
<persName id="t18590131-name-126" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-126" type="surname" value="EVERSHED"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-126" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-242-offence-1 t18590131-name-126"/>Alfred Evershed</persName>, he being in the said dwelling-house.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-127" type="surname" value="BOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-127" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>CHARLOTTE BOWERS</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 6, Devonshire-terrace, Victoria-park-road—on the morning of 30th November last, I was awoke about half-past three by cries of "Murder" and "Stop thief"—I got up and looked out of my window, and saw the back of a police constable running out of the garden gate—I then went downstairs into the sitting-room, and there found the cheffoniere broken open, and the contents scattered all about the place—I missed two decanter stands—I then looked at the window of the stone passage, and found one of the iron bars that go across it broken away—the window was quite safe the previous night at half-past eleven—about four o'clock I saw the police-constable Evershed—he came in—he was dripping with blood, from a wound in the head—he showed me these decanter stands (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—they are mine—they were safe the pre
<lb/>vious night.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who was in the house that night?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My own family—the eldest is thirteen, and there was one maid-servant—she was not disturbed—she is not here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-128" type="surname" value="EVERSHED"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-128" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED EVERSHED</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, H</hi> 137). On 30th November last I was passing the house No. 6, Devonshire-terrace, about 3 o'clock, when I observed a light over the fanlight of the door—I watched it for about five minutes—I then went into No. 4 gate, the gates of 5 and 6 being fast—I went across the gardens towards No. 6 area-door; I tried it and found it was fast—I then turned my light down towards South Hackney Church, to see if a sergeant or constable were coming that way—I turned my light off and got on the wall, and turned on my light again—I then saw a glaring light coming through the staircase window, and saw the prisoner Williams coming downstairs with a lighted candle in his hand—he was dressed in a suit of black—I took him to be the master of the house—I jumped off the wall and went round to the back, and there saw the little window open sufficient to admit a good-sized lad through—I then went to the back-door and found it ajar—I pushed it open, went in, and saw Williams on the last step but two, standing, with a lighted candle in his hand, looking at me—I took hold of his scarf and threw him down in the passage; and then he took hold of me and the candle went out—I then got to the kitchen-door, turned</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310025"/>
<p>my light into the kitchen, and there saw Frost standing with a lighted candle, and the plate on the table—he was dressed as a midshipman—he made a rush at me, and I knocked him down with my lamp—he got up, and rushed at me a second time, and I knocked him down again—I called out "Thieves"—Frost then got up and tried to jump between Williams and me, and he passed under my arm as I was still holding Williams—Frost got to the kitchen door and tried to unlock it—I and Williams then got to the door, and I knocked Frost down again with my lamp—he then got the door open, and then pulled at Williams to get him away from me; in the struggle we got to the area steps, and then I upset them both on the area steps—Frost then got up and pulled at my belt, which gave way and let him down behind me—he kept pulling away at my coat, as I thought, to get my trun
<lb/>cheon out—he then hit me a violent blow across the hand, and knocked the skin off this knuckle—I was struck repeatedly on my hat, and it was broken all to pieces—the instrument with which I was hit seemed about twelve inches long; I think it was a crowbar or a jemmy—then Frost beat my hat off my head, and the blows fell on my naked head, from which I am now suffering—I received four severe blows on the naked head, inflicted with the same instrument—the stars were shining—I struck Williams, and Frost got up and made his escape as I was striking Williams—Williams kicked me in the chest very much, and his scarf gave way, and his dress came undone, and it let me down to the bottom of the area when he was three parts of the way up—I followed him—as I was following him he dropped these two decanter stands and his hat—I got up to him, and caught hold of him just as he was getting over a fence, but could not get sufficient hold to stop him—I sprung my rattle and hallooed "Thieves," and "Murder," as loud as I could—I stopped at the fence till the sergeant came up—by his assistance I was able to get to Mrs. Bowers' house—I was bleeding profusely from the head—I gave Mrs. Bowers the decanter stands, and she identified them as her property—I then went to the station and gave a description of the two men—I am quite positive the prisoners are the men—Mrs. Bowers' house is in the parish of South Hackney.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> None of the inmates of the house were disturbed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not till they heard me call out—they did not come down till I came back—these men were shown to me on the Saturday night afterwards, at my own house—there was a third man brought with them, whom I did not iden
<lb/>tify—I was in bed when they were brought in—I did not see a third man on the premises—they came to my house about a quarter or twenty minutes to 1 on Saturday night—the 3 men were shown to me together—I am sure of that—I had not been informed beforehand that they were coming for that purpose—I was in bed, down stairs—two or three constables came into the room with the three men—they asked me whether I could swear to the men, and I picked out Williams and Frost without hesitation—I believe the inspector spoke to me first—they stood up at the side of the wall—they were dressed as they are now—they did not wear the same dresses as they did in the house—I had not seen them before that night—when I saw them in the house Williams was dressed in a suit of black, and Frost was dressed as a midshipman—he wore a blue jacket, a dark pair of trowsers, a dark waistcoat, and a cap with a yellow band round it—I cannot say whether he had brass buttons down his waistcoat—they were shown to me again, it might be three weeks after, at the same place, to take my evidence—the magistrate attended on that occasion—Frost and Williams were not shown to me alone on the first occasion—the third man was a little taller than</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310026"/>
<p>Frost—I was examined more than once—the prisoners came alone, with out the third man, on the second occasion.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-129" type="surname" value="HUSSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-129" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HUSSEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, N</hi> 307). On the 25th November, I was in Well-street, Hackney, about half-past 7 in the evening—I saw the prisoner Frost there, dressed as a midshipman, in a pea-jacket with a double row of buttons, black or blue cloth waistcoat with brass buttons, dark trowsers, and a cap with a gold or yellow band, I cannot say which—I thought at first I knew him—I am sure he is the man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you speak to him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not—I was about a yard-and-a-half from him—I passed him twice—I heard of this burglary—I did not see the last witness after that till he gave his evidence at the police-court—I had heard before that he had described one of them to have been dressed as a midshipman, and that he had identified Frost as being the man—I knew it before I gave my evidence—When Frost was shown to me I identified him before one of the sergeants—it was after the other man had given his evidence that I mentioned about seeing Frost on 25th November—it is not a place that sailors frequent—I took him to be a friend of mine, that was the reason I took notice of him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-130" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-130" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS EVANS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant, N</hi> 22). From information I received I went to the Holywell public-house in Shoreditch, on Saturday, 4th De
<lb/>cember, about ten in the evening, with Clark, and other officers—I found the two prisoners and another man drinking together—we took them out, and charged them with breaking into a house at Hackney, and assaulting a police constable—Frost said he was in the country—the other man made no reply—they were all three taken into custody—I took them to Evershed's house, and they were all three placed before him—he knew nothing of the third man—I afterwards took them to the station—the charge was taken down and read—Frost then said, pointing to the third man, "that's the man that done it, and I'm going to do it for him."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> In what room of the house was Evershed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the back parlour—it is a small room—I had not given him any previous intimation that we were coming there—I don't know that he received it from any quarter—there was the inspector, I, Clark, and Short, another constable, and the three men—we went in a cab; we drove up to the door—I don't recollect who opened the door—as soon as the door was opened I walked into the room at once—a light was procured, and all the men were taken into the room—I dare say some notice was given to him that the constables had arrived with the men in custody, but I do not know it—he is a married man—I saw his wife—there were five of us went into the room together, three prisoners and two constables in plain clothes—all the police were in plain clothes—Evershed did not know the policemen—I had never seen him before, nor had the other man who was with me—the other policeman is as tall as I am—I could not say who spoke to Ever
<lb/>shed first when we went in—I think it was the inspector—the three prisoners were placed in a row at the side of the wall, opposite the bed—I don't know whether Evershed was disturbed from his sleep—he seemed to be awake—there was a candle there, I don't know whether there was one or two—after he had identified the men we left.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-131" type="surname" value="BELLOWS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BELLOWS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-sergeant N</hi> 6). About 4 o'clock on the morning of 30th November, I met the prisoner Frost in Hackney, he was coming from the direction of Victoria Park, or a little beyond, a little further up towards South Hackney, about a quarter of a mile from the prosecutrix's house, and coming from that direction—he was going towards the Cat and Mutton, London Fields—he was walking fast.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310027"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you observe his dress?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He was dressed in dark.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-132" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WRIGHT</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, at Clapton-square—on the morning, 30th November, I examined Evershed at the Hackney Police-station, he was in a state of considerable exhaustion from loss of blood and the injuries he had received—I examined his scalp—he had four severe contused and lacerated wounds, which had been bleeding very freely, they extended to the bone, varying in length from an inch and a half to three inches—a blunt instrument like a crowbar or jemmy would be, just the sort of thing likely to produce such wounds—I have attended him up to the present time—the sight of one eye was impaired at one time, but it is getting better—he is decidedly improving, but still very weak—at times suffering a good deal still from the general shock to the system.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-242-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-242-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-242-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners were further charged with having been before convicted.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-133" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-133" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT NICHOLLS</persName> </hi>. I produce a certificate. (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "Central Criminal Court, February,</hi> 1858.—
<hi rend="italic">
<persName id="t18590131-name-134">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-134" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-134" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>Robert Williams</persName>, convicted of burglary. Confined Nine Months."</hi>) Frost is the person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-135" type="surname" value="FINCH"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-135" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FINCH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Policeman, G</hi> 117). I produce a certificate. (
<hi rend="italic">Read: "Central Criminal Court, June,</hi> 1856.—
<hi rend="italic">
<persName id="t18590131-name-136">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-136" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-136" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>George Walker</persName>, convicted of burglary after a previous conviction. Confined Eighteen Months."</hi>) Williams is the person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-242-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-242-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-242-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18590131 t18590131-242-punishment-30"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-242-18590131 t18590131-242-punishment-30"/>Death Recorded</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">ordered a reward of</hi> 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to be paid to the constable Evershed.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Byles.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-243">
<interp inst="t18590131-243" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-243" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-243-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18590131 t18590131-243-offence-1 t18590131-243-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-243-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-243-18590131 t18590131-243-offence-1 t18590131-243-verdict-1"/>
<p>243.
<persName id="def1-243-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-243-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18590131" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18590131" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18590131" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY ROGERS</hi> (34)</persName>, and
<persName id="def2-243-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-243-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-243-18590131" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-243-18590131" type="surname" value="GIBSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-243-18590131" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GIBSON</hi> (33)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-243-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-243-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-243-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, Feloni
<lb/>ously breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18590131-name-139" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-139" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-139" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-243-offence-1 t18590131-name-139"/>William King the elder</persName>, and stealing 3 books, 6 pencils, and 1 box, value 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-140" type="surname" value="LAMBOURN"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-140" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER LAMBOURN</persName> </hi>. I live at 26, Hartland-road, Camden Town—I am a porter out of employ—on Thursday night, 9th December, about 20 minutes past 7, I was waiting for a friend near Mr. King's door, 4, Sambrook-court, Basinghall-street—whilst waiting there I heard a creaking noise up in Mr. King's warehouse, on the first floor, and I saw a glimmering light at the same time—I stood for perhaps ten minutes to listen, at the same time my friend came out of the Sambrook hotel—I heard some foot-steps in the warehouse—I then went for the police—I could not find one just then and came back—they were then on the stair-case—I saw a light on the stairs, and they were wrenching out the partition to get into the next warehouse—I tried the padlock outside, that was all right—two policemen at last came, and after waiting in the court about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour, the two prisoners came on the parapet of a building next to Mr. King's, and said, to save the police any more trouble they would come down and give themselves up—Rogers came down first, he slipped down the spout, and Gibson came down in the same way.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were they taken into custody then and there?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, they said they had been up there looking after the thieves—I had not given any alarm before I went for the police—I left my friend there while I went for the police—there were no persons collected when I returned with the police—we did not go into the premises—we waited outside until the prisoners came down.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-141" type="surname" value="HARBISON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-141" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HARBISON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City Policeman,</hi> 169). I went to Sambrook-court, and placed officers about the premises—after waiting some time the two prisoners came on to the roof of a low building and said, "All right, we will</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310028"/>
<p>save you any further trouble, we will come down"—they said they had only been there for a bit of a
<hi rend="italic">lark</hi>—they come down by the spout—I took them into custody—I afterwards went on the premises and found a dark lantern, the candle of which was still smoking—and some implements which I produce—in the counting-house a desk was broken open, and an attempt had been made to break through the flooring.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">here stated that he could not struggle with the case, the prisoners accordingly stated that they were guilty, and the Jury found a verdict of</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-243-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-243-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-243-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners were further charged with having been before convicted. Rogers by the name of
<persName id="t18590131-name-142">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-142" type="surname" value="SCULLY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-142" type="given" value="HENRY"/>Henry Scully</persName>, in June,</hi> 1854,
<hi rend="italic">at the Middlesex Sessions, of house-breaking, and sentenced to Four Years' Penal Servitude, and Gibson, at Birmingham, in March,</hi> 1852,
<hi rend="italic">of horse-stealing, sentenced to Ten Years' Transportation, to which also they both</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-243-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-243-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-243-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18590131 t18590131-243-punishment-31"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-243-18590131 t18590131-243-punishment-31"/>Six Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against Gibson for a burglary in</hi> 1856.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Watson.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-244">
<interp inst="t18590131-244" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-244" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-244-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18590131 t18590131-244-offence-1 t18590131-244-verdict-1"/>
<p>244.
<persName id="def1-244-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-244-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18590131" type="age" value="37"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18590131" type="surname" value="CARRUTHERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18590131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS CARRUTHERS</hi> (37)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-244-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-244-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-244-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/>, Feloniously committing b—g—y with one
<persName id="t18590131-name-144">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-144" type="surname" value="DONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-144" type="given" value="JOHN"/>John Donaldson</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-244-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-244-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-244-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Byles.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-245">
<interp inst="t18590131-245" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-245" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-245-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18590131 t18590131-245-offence-1 t18590131-245-verdict-1"/>
<p>245.
<persName id="def1-245-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-245-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18590131" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18590131" type="surname" value="HANNING"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18590131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN HANNING</hi> (21)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-245-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-245-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-245-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously carnally knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18590131-name-146" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-146" type="age" value="2"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-146" type="surname" value="PARR"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-146" type="given" value="ELIZABETH SARAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-245-offence-1 t18590131-name-146"/>Elizabeth Sarah Parr</persName>, aged 2 years and 9 months.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecutor, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-245-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-245-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-245-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Watson.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-246">
<interp inst="t18590131-246" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-246" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-246-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18590131 t18590131-246-offence-1 t18590131-246-verdict-1"/>
<p>246.
<persName id="def1-246-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-246-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18590131" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18590131" type="surname" value="PATTS"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18590131" type="given" value="CARL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CARL PATTS</hi> (23)</persName>
<rs id="t18590131-246-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-246-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-246-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/>, Feloniously carnally knowing and abusing
<persName id="t18590131-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-148" type="age" value="8"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-148" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-148" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-246-offence-1 t18590131-name-148"/>Ellen Miles</persName>, aged 8 years.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ORRIDGE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t18590131-246-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-246-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-246-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury.</hi> </rs>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18590131-246-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-246-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-246-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18590131 t18590131-246-punishment-32"/>Confined Fifteen Month</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Bytes.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-247">
<interp inst="t18590131-247" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-247" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-247-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18590131 t18590131-247-offence-1 t18590131-247-verdict-1"/>
<p>247.
<persName id="def1-247-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-247-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18590131" type="surname" value="HANDLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18590131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES HANDLEY</hi> </persName> ( ), was indicted
<rs id="t18590131-247-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-247-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-247-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> for a rape upon
<persName id="t18590131-name-150" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-150" type="surname" value="MORLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-150" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-247-offence-1 t18590131-name-150"/>Ann Morley</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution, and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">the Defence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-247-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 2
<hi rend="italic">nd,</hi> 1859.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ALLEN</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">before, Mr. Recorder, and the Sixth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-248">
<interp inst="t18590131-248" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-248" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-248-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18590131 t18590131-248-offence-1 t18590131-248-verdict-1"/>
<p>248.
<persName id="def1-248-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-248-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18590131" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18590131" type="surname" value="BIRCHMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18590131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BIRCHMORE</hi> (60)</persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18590131-248-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-248-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-248-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> for feloniously em
<lb/>bezzling three sums of 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. which he had received on account of the
<persName id="t18590131-name-152" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-152" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-248-offence-1 t18590131-name-152"/>Directors of the Poor of the Parish of St. Pancras</persName>, his masters.</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310029"/>
<p>Messrs.
<hi rend="smallCaps">GIFFARD</hi> and
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-153" type="surname" value="GRIMMETT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-153" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GRIMMETT</persName> </hi>. I am a Christian visitor, and live in Willens-row, Kentish Town. In 1856 my wife was unfortunately deranged, and she was conveyed to St. Pancras Workhouse—Mr. Ford ordered me to pay 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a-week for her maintenance to Mr. Birchmore—she went there on 3rd De
<lb/>cember, 1856—the first payment was due on 10th December—I paid that to the prisoner, and he put his initials to the sum in this book (
<hi rend="italic">producing it.</hi>)—I paid 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 10th, 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 17th, 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 24th, 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 31st, and 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on the 7th of January; and on the 14th my wife was removed to the hospital—I paid the money to the prisoner in the lower office, under the hall—the entries are in this book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you quite sure you paid on those days?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and the book was receipted at the time—on those six occasions I paid separately 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—it was not paid in a lump—it was paid by weekly instalments—after my wife had been twelve months in Bucking
<lb/>ham Hospital I paid it otherwise.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-154" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-154" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WYATT</persName> </hi>. I am a Director of the poor of the parish of St. Pancras, and one of the audit committee—the prisoner was relieving overseer of St. Pancras—there was a written appointment in 1857—I have not got it—he has told me he received money on behalf of the parish—he paid money from week to week—the money he had collected—I did not see him pay it, but I saw the book in which he professed to enter the money he received and paid—this is the book—I cannot say of my own knowledge whether Mr. Copar had acted before the prisoner did—the prisoner's course of business was to enter the monies he received during the week, to pay over the money to Mr. Hibbard, the clerk of the directors, handing the book in; and that book was handed in to the audit committee on the following Friday—we examined it—I was not present when the money was paid over—I know what was the practice—I never heard from the prisoner that he paid over any money that was not entered in the book—I cannot tell at all from anything the prisoner said, whether any sums were paid in by the prisoner without their being entered in the book—when these particular sums of money received from Griffith were called to his attention, he did not then say that he had paid these sums—he acknowledged he was a defaulter—on the 15th of October the audit committee made a certain report relative to Mr. Birchmore, and on the 16th of October he called on me at my private house, and told me that the half-year's dividend of some Consols which he had received in April had not been entered, and I then, not having a suspicion that he was a defaulter in any other amount, told him he had better go and receive the other half-year's dividend, and pay the two half-years' in together—he then asked me if I thought the audit committee would qualify or alter their report—I told him I could not say, but I would summon them for the following Mon
<lb/>day, and give him the benefit of making any statement that he might think proper to make—the committee met in consequence, on the 18th, the fol
<lb/>lowing Monday, and the prisoner came before them and made a statement relative to the half-year's dividend—he was then asked if he was deficient in any other sums—he replied, there might be one or two trifling amounts, but if he were allowed till the following Friday he should be prepared to give an exact statement—the special committee was appointed by the board to meet on the Friday, according to that request—on that Friday morning, the 22nd, he again called at my house, and said he wished to make a com
<lb/>munication to me—I told him I would rather not hear it; I would much rather he should leave it until the committee met—he begged me to hear</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310030"/>
<p>him, and gave as a reason for so doing, that he would much rather com
<lb/>municate the case to me than it should be left to one of the directors who, he said, prosecuted him to find it out—he then said he was a defaulter to about 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but that his surety was good—he then asked me if I thought the directors would consent to his liquidating it by retaining half his salary—I told him most certainly they would not do that, and the least punish
<lb/>ment he could expect would be dismissal—he then said he hoped they would not prosecute him—I told him that, personally, I had no wish to do so; but it was impossible for me to tell what the board would do—that was about ten o'clock in the morning—the committee met at two o'clock, and he attended the committee, but I should say that I advised him to make what amends he could by telling the truth—he attended the com
<lb/>mittee in the afternoon; I don't remember that he attended with his receipt book—a paper was produced, which I have in my hand, showing all the accounts—Griffith's account was called to his attention, and he was asked if he had received it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> But you told him to make what amends he could by telling the truth?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and I told him just before that I could not tell whether the parish would prosecute him or not.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">objected to this evidence after the observation of one of the body of directors. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">having consulted the learned Judges, said he must admit the evidence.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this the original paper that was produced?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; and every name was read over to him—when we came to Griffith's name, he said he had received 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from him that he had not accounted for—after we had gone through all the accounts, he repeated the request which he had made to me in the morning, that he might liquidate the debt by our retaining half his salary—we told him that we could not listen to that, and that we should report the case to the board on their following meeting on the Tuesday—he then said he should attend the board on that day—he as told if he did so it must be by his own free will and at his own risk—he did not attend the board but absconded—after that instructions were given to arrest him if he could be found—I think I next saw him about the second week in January—the first conversation I had was on the 16th—I sent the receipt-book down to him by Adams on the 15th, and when I saw him on the 16th, he said that when the book was sent down to him he did not understand it applied to the dividend, he thought it applied to the other accounts.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You are one of the directors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I have been so since 1856—previous to that I had nothing to do with the parish—the prisoner was relieving officer and nominal overseer—as relieving officer I am not aware that any charge was made against him—these are monies received by him as servant to the directors—in 1857 there was an appointment made—he was appointed by the Magistrate, no doubt—I can't tell whether there was an appointment in 1856—he is elected every year by the directors on their first meeting after Easter—the vestry appoint the relieving officer—the auditors were appointed in June, 1858—we disputed the authority of the Poor Law Board, and have had some trouble with our officers—some have absconded—the clerk of the works was taken in custody: not by my authority—I don't know whether one director charged another with stealing a handful of oatmeal—it was thought not a proper thing for him to do—the directors dining together at the expense of the parish was abolished in 1856—the prisoner was to pay over the money he received from Griffith—he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310031"/>
<p>was only nominal overseer—I always understood that he filled exactly the same office as Copar did—I have looked over this book—here is 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. received on the 6th of December; I don't know what that means—all the money put in here was received—I was one of the persons to whom this book was in the habit of being submitted—five men chosen by the rate-payers generally were the auditors—this book was passed by the audit committee—the prisoner said he was a defaulter to the amount of 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and the amount he admitted was 174
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has been paid by the surety—the sums received for persons in the workhouse were to be paid to the prisoner, and he was to pay them to Mr. Hibbard—these sums are paid for persons in the workhouse, and in the asylum particularly for lunatics.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this 174
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in fact all that he is deficient?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I know that because I have gone through the items in the book—I have endeavoured to keep all the other officers to their duty, and put a stop to all irregularity in the parish.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-155" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-155" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-155" type="given" value="HENR JOHN"/>HENR JOHN ADAMS</persName> </hi>. I am beadle of the parish of St. Pancras—I remember one day in October, when the audit committee was sitting, I received directions to take this book down to the relieving officer—I found the prisoner there—I produced to him the book—I asked him if he had anything further to enter in the book—he said, No"—on that I returned to the audit committee, leaving the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What was the prisoner doing?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He was casting another book, what is called a check-book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-156" type="surname" value="JAQUES"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JAQUES</persName> </hi> I am accountant to the parish—I have been an officer of the parish twenty-one years—I have gone through the prisoner's receipt-book—I think I made out a list which was laid before the directors—I do not find that the prisoner has here accounted for 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. received in the name of Griffith on 10th December, 1856, nor on 17th December, or 24th or 31st December, nor on 7th January, 1857—here is an entry of 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on 20th December, and the first entry of money received from Griffith after that entry of the 20th is in February, 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., but here is no date here—he has accounted for those two sums, the 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and the 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—he has accounted for no other sums up to February—he has not accounted for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. received on 27th March, 1858—it is neither in March nor in May, but in April, 1858—here is 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and that is given as having been received in one sum—I saw the prisoner at the vestry house on 22d October—we had conversation relative to his accounts—he stated to me that he was back in his accounts, and asked me what I advised him to do—I told him the best plan would be to communicate to Mr. Wyatt, and I think I asked him about what he was deficient—he said somewhere about 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I was there when Mr. Copar used to act; he held the same office as the prisoner does—on his death the book was handed to the prisoner and Mr. Copar's name erased.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did Mr. Hibbard receive any portion of the money received for the maintenance of the persons in the workhouse?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am not aware that he did: not from the relatives of the persons—I don't know whether he received it personally—I don't know that he did frequently receive money—I have looked through this book; here is one sum received from a person of the name of Stutten—I presume that Hibbard received it for the prisoner—I heard the prisoner say that he had received that sum—there is 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. entered in the prisoner's writing, and Hibbard's name is to it—I can only account for that by its having passed through Hibbard's hands, not that he would pay it to Birchmore, and he pay it back to Hibbard, but</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310032"/>
<p>when Hibbard had received the money, the prisoner would put it in this book, and it came through Hibbard's book—I can't tell what this means, whether Hibbard received the money or not—I think none of the auditors who were appointed at that time are here—I find the name of Hibbard to several other entries, and some other names—here is one sum of 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., but I can't tell who received that—here is Griffith's 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. on 11th of April, 1857, and here is a little word to that—that closed the account to that time, and here is 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., all between December and April—when the account was audited, the book was delivered to the clerk of the directors, Mr. Hibbard, on the Saturday with the money—Mr. Hibbard entered it into his book, which is called the rough abstract—the book was sent to me on the Monday, and I passed it with the account—the accounts were made up every Monday, but money did not pass every Monday—when the money was paid to Mr. Hibbard, it was entered in this book, and the book came to me, but if there was no money paid to Mr. Hibbard, the book did not come to me—when the book came to me it was my duty to pass the book to see that it was right, and put my initials to it—I did not receive the money—I then checked the book by Mr. Hibbard's rough abstract—the book was in my possession, and I produced it to the Audit Committee, which met on the Friday—I never inquired for what reason Mr. Hibbard's name is put to one name and to another and another—I presume it is because it was received by him—Mr. Hibbard made use of the money for the purposes of the parish, and the balance was in his hands—it does not appear that the prisoner had any balance to keep—I never was there when Mr. Hibbard was there and the balance was paid over—Mr. Hibbard never knew that the prisoner had a balance—I have asked the prisoner whether he had not kept a sort of private ledger of his own—I presume that what money is down to a month has come in in that month—I did not receive any money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-157" type="surname" value="GRIMMETT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-157" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GRIMMETT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.) Q.</hi> Just look at your account book, signed with the prisoner's initials, and give us all the sums you paid.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On the 10th of December I paid 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., on the 17th a like sum, on the 24th a like sum, on the 31st a like sum, on January 7th a like sum, and January 14th a like sum—my wife was removed to the hospital, where she remained twelve months, and came out incurable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that as two of the sums were accounted for, and in April </hi>12
<hi rend="italic">s. more, the prisoner was entitled to an Acquittal.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18590131-248-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-248-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-248-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="directed"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18590131-249">
<interp inst="t18590131-249" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18590131"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-249" type="date" value="18590131"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18590131-249-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18590131 t18590131-249-offence-1 t18590131-249-verdict-1"/>
<p>249.
<persName id="def1-249-18590131" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-249-18590131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18590131" type="age" value="60"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18590131" type="surname" value="BIRCHMORE"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18590131" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BIRCHMORE</hi> (60)</persName>, was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18590131-249-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18590131-249-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-249-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> for embezzling 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which he had received on account of the
<persName id="t18590131-name-159" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-159" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18590131-249-offence-1 t18590131-name-159"/>Directors of the Poor of the Parish of St. Pancras</persName>, his masters.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">POLAND</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-160" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-160" type="given" value="JOSEPH HENRY"/>JOSEPH HENRY CLARK</persName> </hi>. I am a relieving officer of the Parish of St. Pancras—on 12th December, 1857, I received 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Mrs. Pyles—it was for maintaining her son in the workhouse—it was on or about the 12th of December that I received it—here is the book; here is entered 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. from Mrs. Pyles—I handed it to the prisoner, and he signed it in the book—I put my initials to the sum in her book—here is her book—I put it down-it was up to the 30th of October—I gave that 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What were the periodical sums?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a-week—it ran on to 30th October—I don't know what the arrange
<lb/>ment</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310033"/>
<p>was as to how it was to be paid—that was the amount then paid—they were weekly sums—I received it about 12th December—here is 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. received every week; sixteen 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., ending the 30th of October—I received 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at that time, and gave her credit for sixteen 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; here are the initials S. S. to it—they are the initials of Mr. Sadler, who is another officer of the parish—when the prisoner received this from me, he entered his initials in the book—I re
<lb/>ceived these moneys in many instances—I have no recollection of receiving from Griffith—all these entries are not mine; I handed the book to another officer—here is one in the name of Grant, which is not mine; that is Mr. Sadler's—I think Mr. Sadler received it, and paid it to the prisoner—I kept this book—when Mr. Sadler received money, he would come to me and say, "I have received so much from Grant," and I would say, "You had better enter it in this boo"—I have no knowledge that Pyles ever paid to Sadler—I think Tiffin has had this book—I have no recollection that Neale had it—I don't see any that I can recollect as Neale's writing—he was relieving officer—he might receive sums—he has not paid the money to Mr. Hibbard—Warren has received sums of money, and I have paid it to the prisoner—when the prisoner was requested to go before the board, he came to me and said he wanted the memorandum-book that I had, which was this book—I said the book was mislaid—he had not the book—I could not find it at the moment—I kept it in my own drawer among some loose papers.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Supposing Mr. Birchmore was not in when the persons came to pay the money and you were, would you receive it? and
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and if I were not in, Mr. Sadler or some one would receive it, and either through my hand or some other it would be handed to Mr. Birch
<lb/>more—there are a variety of entries to which "T. B." are attached, they are the prisoner's writing—the heading of this book I should say is the prisoner's writing—here are a great number of sums with my initials to them besides the 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—those which I received have been paid over to the prisoner, and these initials "T. B." are his writing, that is an acknowledg
<lb/>ment that he received it himself.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> At the time these sums were paid to you were there a great number of persons waiting?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In many instances there were—the prisoner's duties were very heavy—I never heard that it was a subject of complaint that he had to receive these moneys.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-161" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-161" type="given" value="GEORGE GARDNER"/>GEORGE GARDNER NEALE</persName> </hi>. I am an officer of St. Pancras—in April, 1858, I received from Mr. Kilham 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; I handed that sum to the prisoner, he gave me this receipt for it—it was on or about 27th April—the top part of this is the memorandum given to me to collect this 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the bottom part is the prisoner's writing—I did not receive any other money.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> This was received from the Goldsmiths' Company?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have been told so—I received it from Kilham—I know that 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to be paid back for a debt owing by the paupers to Kilham, and 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was to be paid by Mr. Hibbard to the paupers—there was no other sum to be paid as part and parcel of this money, but at a subsequent time there was 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to be paid on another transaction—I do not receive money from persons for their relatives, except in one or two isolated cases when Mr. Birchmore has been absent and money has been presented at the office, I have received it and handed it over to him—he had a good many duties to attend to—I am not aware what his duties were—I should say he had about 150 cases to attend to, but on casual relief days there may be about 1,000 cases</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> This 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was received to be paid to the directors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I paid it to Mr. Birchmore. he was to pay it to the directors—Mr.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310034"/>
<p>Birchmore encouraged me to promise Mr. Kilham 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on condition of his getting this 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from the Goldsmiths' Company.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When you say he encouraged you to promise Mr. Kilham to receive 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., was it out of this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There was some money due to Mr. Kilham, and I promised to get his debt out of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-162" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-162" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-162" type="given" value="FANNY"/>FANNY FOWLER</persName> </hi>. I am a marine-store dealer, and lire in Ossulston-street, Somers-town—I have to pay 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week for a person in St. Pancras work-house—I paid that to Mr. Birchmore, the prisoner—he used to call on me for the money whenever it suited him, in a month, or six weeks, or nine weeks—nine weeks was the longest time—I kept a book in which the money was entered—when he called he used to enter it by the week, let the sum be what it would—when I paid him he put his initials to the book for the different weeks—this first book begins January, 1851, and goes down to March, 1857—there was then a new book—this ends August 24th, 1858—I find the prisoner's initials to all the money in this, new book received by Mr. Birchmore—I remember paying him 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in one sum, it was for eight weeks—it was paid on 27th April—I have a reason for remembering that</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When you paid the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., was it entered in this book or the other?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is in the red book—it was paid on the 27th of April, 1858—I paid 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week at first, and afterwards it was 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-163" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY WYATT</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">This witness's evidence in the last case was read over.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was there any written appointment defining his duties?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There is an appointment, and I believe there is a printed document, defining his duties, and there are minutes in the book.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was a copy given to him at the time of the appointment?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He had a copy, I know—I saw it produced in the police-court—I saw a copy of his appointment—I can't say whether he had a copy of the printed regulations.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> At the meeting on the 22d of October, did you know of any document to direct your attention to a person of the name of Pyles?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; the prisoner did not mention that he had received any sum whatever from a person of the name of Pyles—the name of Keeley was called to his attention—he said he had received 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and not accounted for it out of a sum of 9
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—all these names were called over to him, and he replied what amount ho had received—he said he had received 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and not accounted for it—he was told to write down the sums he had received—he said he had received 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of Keeling—there was 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. due from Fowler, and he had received 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I have not the least doubt that the 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. were moneys he had not accounted for.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. MTCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The list was shown, and he was told he would be asked relative to each of these accounts?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I asked him which of these amounts he had received—he said he would tell us if we asked each name—he was asked the names of the amounts which appeared to be due—he had no book at that time—he was standing close by me—he might have looked at the list if he liked—he did not bring any book of any kind—he was not asked to go over the books with an accountant—I read the names and he gave me then the particular sums.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Supposing he was appointed relieving officer, he would only have been discharged by the Poor Law Board?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> That is not settled, I believe.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-164" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-164" type="given" value="HENRY JOHN"/>HENRY JOHN ADAMS</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">The evidence given by this witness in the last case was read over.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-165" type="surname" value="JAQUES"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-165" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JAQUES</persName> </hi>. I have looked through the receipt-book—there is no entry</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310035"/>
<p>in the name of Pyles not as haying received anything—here is no mention of having received anything from a person of the name of Keeling—here is an entry of a sum received from Fanny Fowler—here is April, 1858, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from Fowler—here is 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the 9th of August; and on 24th Sep
<lb/>tember, 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I have been through the book, and made out the balance—on the 22nd of October he referred to the individual ledger—I made that up—I made this book from the cash-book—I made up the cash-book—I made up the account to show how much he should have accounted for—the prisoner's receipt book was the ground-work of these—I posted the accounts from the ledger myself—I posted them correctly.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-166" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-166" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-166" type="given" value="CREASY"/>CREASY ROBINSON</persName> </hi>. I am a police-officer—I have searched for Mr. Cook, the vestry-clerk of St. Pancras—I have been to his former residence—I have looked everywhere in this country where I thought there was a chance of finding him—I have not found him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Where is it you have been? did you go to his office?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—on the day I had the warrant, on the 9th of November—I went there again a short time afterwards—the last two months I have not been—I went to his house six or seven weeks ago—I don't know whether he was there yesterday—I have not been anywhere else within the last week—when I went to his office and his house, I did not hear anything of him—he had not left any address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The Prisoner's appointment was here handed in,</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. WYATT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated it was in the writing of Mr. Cook, the Vestry-clerk It was dated the 7th April, 1857. Thomas Birchmore, of No 5, Southampton-street, was appointed Relieving Agent and Overseer, and bound in a bond of </hi>150
<hi rend="italic">l. well and faithfully to execute the said office, so that no loss should be sustained by the parish, and that he should pay over all moneys by him received to the Directors for the time being</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-167" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-167" type="surname" value="KISSICK"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-167" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KISSICK</persName> </hi>. I am superintendent of St. Pancras Cemetery—I was a director of the poor—I remember a meeting that was held on 11th January, 1853—it was the usual weekly meeting—the minutes of the proceedings of that meeting were entered in the book—the prisoner was called in, and the minute was read to him—the minute is, that he be censured for not keeping his books with greater regularity, and ordered in future to make up his cash-book weekly, and lay it before the audit committee—that was the amendment to the resolution—the original motion was, that he should be dismissed, and then this was passed, and made the resolution.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was Mr. Gooden present?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, he was not—I know that the prisoner brought an action against one of the directors, and recovered damages—I think that was while this resolution was pending—I am not aware that I have ever been censured by the board—there never was any fault found with me by the directors—there might have been by the officers—there never was anything said about my altering the minutes—I had nothing to do with the minutes, they belong to the vestry-clerk—they did not find fault with me for anything that I am aware of—I never knew till the present moment that they did find fault with me—I mean to say that no charge was made against me for altering the minutes; certainly not; no censure was passed on me by the directors, and I did not go there and alter that minute—nothing of the kind ever occurred, I swear it—I mean to say that no such charge was made against me—I was one of the directors—they could not pass a vote of censure against me—this book was not under my control, it was under the control of the vestry-clerk—I could not alter a letter in it—the directors never found fault with me that I know of—I swear they did not.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185901310036"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is there the least pretence for that charge?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not the least.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-168" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-168" type="surname" value="UPFOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-168" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM UPFOLD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">Police-serjeant, E</hi> 19). On the 29th December, I took the prisoner in custody at 7, Silver-street, Burton-crescent, about twenty minutes before 12 o'clock at night—I told him I was a police-officer, and I wanted him on a charge of embezzling the property of the parish of St. Pancras—he said "Yes, I knew it would come to this; I am quite ready for it," or "prepared for it"—I searched him and found on him a passport from Hamburgh, and some other papers as well—the pass-port is for Mr. Thomas Ridley.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18590131-name-169" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18590131-name-169" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-169" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18590131-name-169" type="given" value="CREASY"/>CREASY HAMILTON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you receive a warrant for the apprehension of the prisoner on the 5th November?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, I made search for him, but could not find him either at his own house, or any
<lb/>where else—I searched for him from that time till the 28th December.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. JAQUES</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> There is an entry of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at the end of February or the beginning of March?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; in the paragraph subsequent to that, I see an entry to Fanny Fowler—there is no date to that—the amount is 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—on the 10th March here is 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—the next is in April, without a date 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—in July 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—on the 9th August 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the next is 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I have been looking through the book—I have only got from 1851 to 1855, that is as far as I have gone through the book—There are many entries, and they are always sums of which 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. would be an aliquot part.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">The receipts for the prisoner's salary were here produced; a portion of one of them was read by Mr. Giffard, as follows; "Received of the directors of the poor,</hi> 40
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.,
<hi rend="italic">one quarter's salary."</hi> </p>
<p>