<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FINNIS, MAYOR. SECOND SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1856.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHAPMAN MAR
<lb/>SHALL</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Ald; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">KENNEDY</hi>.; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the First Jury.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-93-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-93-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18561215" type="surname" value="RUFFEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-93-18561215" type="given" value="DANIEL WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL WILLIAM RUFFEY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-93-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-93-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-93-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>for feloniously forging and uttering an order for the payment of 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-2" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-2" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-2" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am one of the Directors of the United Patriots National Benefit and Provident Life Assurance Society. The prisoner acted as secretary of that institution.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is this society registered under the Friendly Societies Act?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the prisoner's duties are defined in the rules of the society—I was not present at his appointment.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> All I ask is, did he act as secretary of that institution?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—he was paid 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per annum for every member—there are near 4,000 members—he also had 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week for extra services—his private clerk used to keep the books; he and his clerk had the care and custody of the society's books—when any of the members are ill they are allowed from 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per week—an entry of that was made by Mr. Ruffey or his clerk—the money was advanced to the sick weekly; it was drawn from the bank by cheque, and paid to the members, if they resided in London, by cash; or, if in the country, by Post-office order—when a member is ill, it is his duty to apply to an agent of the society, or to the secretary, for a form, called, a declaration on the funds; it is filled up, signed by a medical gentleman, and then en the Thursday evening the accounts are drawn from the bank, by cheque, and paid on Friday to the members, by cash or Post-office order—the pri
<lb/>soner had authority to draw on the bank—there were blank cheques signed by two trustees, and filled up by the secretary, and then the money so obtained</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150002"/>
<p>was applied to the use of the sick—the London and Westminster Bank was the bank of the society—the prisoner had no authority to apply the money to any other purpose, or to fill up a cheque for any other purpose than the legitimate use of the society.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">with Mr. Metcalfe</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was Mr. Ruffey the founder of this society?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, it originated with him—I was not dismissed by him from the society—it was not owing to any complaint of his against me that I left—I was recently a travelling agent to the Life and Fire Assurance Society; a different society, to which Mr. Ruffey acted as secretary; it had nothing to do with this society—I have ceased to have anything to do with that society—that was not altogether at the instance of Mr. Ruffey, that I am aware of—he has on several occasions complained of my conduct—I ceased to be agent to that society in consequence of the society having become insolvent—I am still a director of this society.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was the name of the other society?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The United Patriots Life and Fire Insurance; that society ceased to exist some time ago—I cannot say how long ago—I quitted it when it became insol
<lb/>vent—that was the only reason—the directors thought they were not in a position to continue my services, from the state of the funds—there was no other reason for my leaving, that I know of.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What did you mean by saying just now, that it was not
<hi rend="italic">alto
<lb/>gether</hi> on account of Mr. Ruffey that you quitted it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There had been many charges made by Mr. Ruffey, because he thought I was investigating into the affairs of the society—I am not aware that it was partly in conse
<lb/>quence of his complaint that I ceased to be connected with it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-3" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-3" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-3" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-3" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHEELER</persName> </hi>. I was clerk to the prisoner in the business of the association. I have made search in the premises of the society for the origi
<lb/>nal rules; I have not been able to find them—I have looked in every pos
<lb/>sible place where I thought they would be likely to be found.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you a member of the society from the begin
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am not a member at all, and never have been—I have been about three years in the employment of the society—I believe the society was founded about thirteen years ago—I have seen the original rules, with Mr. Tidd Pratt's certificate; that is some time back, in the office of the society, in one of the desks—the prisoner, I presume, had the custody of them—I cannot tell when I last saw them, I should think twelve months since; I cannot say exactly—I have not been to the bankers, or Mr. Tidd Pratt's for them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you searched among the documents of the society?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have, I cannot find them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-4" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-4" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HODGE</persName> </hi>. I am a member of this society, and have been a director of it—I am one of the trustees—the course was for two trustees to sign cheques in blank, and Mr. Ruffey used to fill them up with the amount he wanted for the use of the society—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) has my signature, and this is the signature of Mr. Gardner, my co
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had the prisoner any authority to fill up those blank cheques for any other than the purpose of the society. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">objected to this question; any authority given to the prisoner would be in writing, and there was no evidence of the rules being lost.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were the secretary's duties defined in writ
<lb/>ing in any rules or resolutions of the society?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Certainly.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long have you had an account with the London and Westminster Bank?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Between three and four years. (
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150003"/>
<hi rend="italic">contended that the objection could not apply to so recent a date; and also, that it could not be necessary to produce the rules for the purpose of showing that the prisoner had no authority to do a particular act; but if the rules had any bearing on the question, he submitted that evidence had been given of such a reasonable search for them, as would admit secondary evidence with respect to them. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that there had not been suffi
<lb/>cient evidence to dispense with their production; no notice to produce them having been proved to be served on the prisoner.</hi>) This (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is one of the printed rules—I have not, perhaps, seen the defendant with that par
<lb/>ticular copy in his hand, but I have seen him with one like this—every member is obliged to purchase a copy of the roles—there is a stock of them kept at the office for all members; this is one of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were there more editions than one?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think this is one of the last edition—I believe it was published in 1854—I have repeatedly seen the prisoner with copies of that edition—when any person has asked for a copy, I have seen him give them one—1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. charged for them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-5" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-5" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHEELER</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> This is one of the last edition of the rules; on each new member entering, one of these is served to him—a number of them were kept at the office for the purpose; they were under the care of the secretary—I have seen him deliver these copies to peracas inquiring for them, and receive the money for them; the money has been charged in their quarterly notices in the usual way; they do not pay at the time—this is the last edition; these are the existing rules of the society, and all of them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-6" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-6" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HODGE</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> The prisoner has been secretary ever since the commencement of the society—this book has been published about twelve months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I believe you had two bankers before the London and Westminster Bank?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the duties of the secretary have been defined from the beginning—the directors keep minute books—I believe they are in Court—everything done by the society and its officers is by an order in writing from the directors.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you mean that there is an order in writing by the directors for every cheque that is drawn?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; when Mr. Ruffey wanted a cheque signed, Mr. Gardner and I signed it—(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">objected to the book containing the rules being received in evi
<lb/>dence in the absence of the original rules. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that it was admissible. The book was accordingly put in, and the 32nd rule read, defining the duties of the secretary, and appointing the prisoner to that office</hi>)—These has always been a minute book kept by the society, in which all the transactions were entered—whatever authority the secretary, or any other officer, had, ought always to be defined in writing, so that all the members might inspect it if they pleased—whatever order is given by the committee is entered in writing, so that all the members should see it—whatever order is made mast be by the general committee, and entered in the minute book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know of any orders relating to the signing of cheques being entered in the minute book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There has never been an order signed in the minute book, I believe; when Mr. Ruffey wanted a cheque signed, he generally applied to Mr. Gardner and myself—I believe there was no order relating to the signing of cheques entered in the minute book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Whatever authority Ruffey had in relation to cheques, was it not reduced into writing at the time of appointment as</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150004"/>
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot answer that question—he never asked the commit
<lb/>tee publicly when he wanted cheques—I believe he had not a general authority from the committee which was reduced into writing—he never applied to the committee for any specific cheques—I cannot say whether, when the secretary's duties were defined in the first instance, there was any resolution in writing; I do not think there was anything of the kind—I have been a member for above thirteen years—Ruffey was secretary when I came there—I think the society had not been founded a twelvemonth then—I believe his duties were defined before I came.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say there was a rule with respect to the secretary; was that the rule that appears printed in this book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—Ruffey had no authority whatever to fill up any cheques signed by the trustees in blank for any other purpose than the purposes of the society; he had no right to use it in any way, only for the benefit of the society; it was to pay the sick, and so on, for the use of the society—I and Mr. Gardner signed this cheque, as trustees—I believe the counter signature to be the prisoner's—it is payable to Messrs. Banks and Johns; they are saddlers—the society has nothing at all to do with them—(
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>. proposing to put in other cheques,
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">objected; that was a course only taken in cases where it became material to show guilty knowledge; here, no such question arose, and therefore he submitted no such evidence was receivable. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that it was admissable</hi>)—here are eight cheques signed by myself and Mr. Gardner, and countersigned by the prisoner; the name of Mr. Watts is to one of them—he was a trustee at that time—here are eight cheques drawn in favour of Mr. Harrison for rent—the prisoner occupied premises belonging to Mr. Harrison; the society rented a portion of those premises, for which they paid the prisoner 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—here is a cheque for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in favour of Mr. Smith—I do not think that was on account of the society—here is another, "Pay Mr. Ruffey (Mr. Gray) 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."£"—I do not know who Mr. Gray is—here is one for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and another for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., for gas rate—the society had nothing to do with paying for the gas—here is one for 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for repairs—I do not know whether we had anything to do with paying for repairs—I know nothing of this for 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to Mr. Hewlett—that is countersigned by the prisoner—this cheque for 57
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., payable to Houston and Peel, is in the prisoner's writing—there was no grand pianoforte bought for the society.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you ever present when any authority of any kind was given to the defendant as regards drawing cheques?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I never knew that he had received any authority from the society to draw any cheques, only for the benefit of the society—I have been present in the committee many times when Ruffey was there—there has always been a committee—I and Mr. Gardner were in the habit, from time to time, of giving cheques to Ruffey, signed by us—the cheque book was produced, and we signed them in the cheque book, as he wanted them for use; sometimes two or three at a time—we never signed as many as half a dozen at a time—Mr. Ruffey would put his name after ours, and fill them up for the amount he wanted—this is his signature to this cheque for 22
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., payable to Mr. Harrison for rent—he had no right to fill up cheques for any other purpose than the purpose of the society—he had authority to fill them up for the purposes of the society, and no other—he has done that repeatedly; I do not say in thousands of instances—during the thirteen years it is very probable that as much as 50,000 has passed through his hands—he received 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a member—he had the money to pay</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150005"/>
<p>himself whenever he thought proper—he had Authority to fill up cheques, and pay himself; that was the way in which he paid himself—I dare say his salary amounted to 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—I believe he used to draw it quarterly—besides that, he received 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week lately for extra services—he paid himself that in the same way—I have never seen the piano—the hall is in the premises, but I have never seen the piano there, and it never was used for the benefit of the society—it might be in the hall now; I have never seen it since the sale took place; whether it is there or not, I do not know—I did not dance at the anniversary when the piano was used—I was there at the first anniversary, I believe it was on 4th Aug.—the piano was used then, but it had nothing whatever to do with the benefit society—I will not say whether it is in the hall now or not—I do not know whether it was there when these proceedings against the prisoner were commenced—the prisoner paid for the gas in the office—I dare say he would have to pay a portion for the society—we rent two rooms as an office, and a com
<lb/>mittee room—the place is called the St. Pan eras Athenaeum—we have the use of the large room, or hall, by paying for it—we pay Mr. Ruffey for it when it is wanted—he drew the money for it—I do not say that he had authority to do it—he had a general authority to pay himself—our accounts have not been recently audited—I cannot say when they were last audited—I cannot answer whether there has been a settlement with the prisoner during the whole time he has been there, as to what was due to him, and what he had disbursed—the auditors are here, they will answer for them
<lb/>selves whether or not all these cheques have passed through their hands—we paid Ruffey 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year for the rent of that portion that we inhabit—I believe he rents the Athenaeum—I do not know how he has been paid the rent—he has had the money at all events; he had the cheque book to do as he thought proper with it—he was paid 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for every person who took a ticket at the festival, that entitled them to a dinner—the crockery and glass used was not bought on account of the society, it was for Mr. Ruffey's own use—it was used at the festival; we have never had it since—I have not seen anything of it, and know nothing at all about it—we have had one dinner there since—I cannot say what crockery was used on that occasion—I do not know how much he was allowed for gas—he had a cart and four horses—I do not think he ever used it for the benefit of the society—I cannot say how the parcels were delivered, I do not know anything of it—I do not know whether he used his horse and cart for the purpose of delivering the parcels of the society—parcels went out regularly to the country agents, Mr. Ruffey sent them—it was his duty to make them up, and send them out.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have said that he had the cheque book to do what he liked with?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Certainly—he filled them up to suit his own purposes—he was never authorised to fill them up for any other purpose than that of the society—we never used the large hall, except for the purposes of the anniversary; he lets it out for concerts, and so on; the society has nothing to do with that—Mr. Ruffey supplied everything for the festival at 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a head—he was to supply everything for that, music, crockery, and what
<lb/>ever was necessary—we had nothing to do with it, but to pay our 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and get as much as we could for it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-7" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-7" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHEELER</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I filled up all these cheques (
<hi rend="italic">those pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) under the direction of Mr. Ruffey—I also kept the books of the society under his direction—in Nov., 1855, he had overdrawn his account on the society—I cannot tell the exact sum, it was some hundreds—this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150006"/>
<p>book is not in the prisoner's writing—it was made up by me, under the prisoner's direction, from the other books; these other books are here—this book, as well as the others, was made up under the prisoner's direction and supervision, and the rough papers were laid before him, and passed by him before entering them, and he saw these entries afterwards—according to the ordinary course of business, all cheques would have to be entered in some book, a cash book, which we call the waste book—that is here—I made the entries—I have looked at these cheques for rent, the piano, saddles, and so on—not one of them appear in the book—some time before this account a cheque was drawn for the upholstery; that is for the prisoners upholstery—I had entered it, and the prisoner then told me that all cheques that were for his private purposes were not to be entered in the society's books, and from that time they were not entered—the whole of these books came before the auditors, with the exception of the small parcels book—there is a day book and ledger for each division, and a general expense cash book for the whole of the disbursements—there is no trace of these cheques in any of those books—the society is not debited in the banker's book with these cheques—besides the banker's book, there is only the general balance sheet book, in which the balance at the banker's would appear—the audit meeting after Nov., 1855, would be in Dec.—there is an entry here of 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd as the balance of the society at their banker's at their audit—I made that entry by the defendant's direction—the audit of that account would be on 24th March, 1856—the audit in Dec. referred to the accounts of the society up to Oct.; they are always some time in arrear—520
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. is the balance represented to be the credit of the society at their banker's in Dec., 1855—the entry is "To credit of Benefit Society, 520
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was not the banker's pass book laid before the auditors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mostly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you mean seriously to represent that the auditors audited the account without looking at their banker's book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe they did look at it—every cheque in this banker's book is drawn by the prisoner—all these books were kept among the other books of the society, accessible to the members, committee, directors, and auditors—this fact proves that the prisoner was indebted to the society; that there should have been 520
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. at the banker's, when there was no balance—that was not an acknowledged debt as between him and the directors—he was not paying off a certain sum yearly, not of that—I have seen in the books that there was a loan made to the defendant—it was 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in the first instance, but that forms no part of this—I only know from the books that he was paying it off annually, my knowledge is entirely derived from the books—I was not present at the meetings of the committee until subsequent to this date, I think—I do not represent myself as being any party to a fraud, certainly not—the directions he gave me as to the entries were openly given—it is one of the rules of the society that two stewards of each division should meet every Tuesday to investigate and superintend the affairs of the company—the directors met as often as the secretary called them together—there were occasional meetings; sometimes once a month, sometimes more often—on the occasion of the ball that has been spoken of, I was stationed at the door to receive tickets—I saw the piano there—it was there some time back; the directors have not sold it, it is in the defendant's hall—he lets the hall sometimes to the society, and sometimes to other persons—he has a horse and cart—I believe the parcels were mostly taken out in that horse and cart—the society has about seventy branches—parcels</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150007"/>
<p>were not forwarded to them almost every week; once a year the bulk went, but occasionally parcels were sent—the prisoner appeared to have the general control over the whole affairs of the society, he was very active among them—I know from the books that some extra remuneration was given him on account of his services—all the cheques in question were filled up by me; he did nothing but put his signature—he told me not to enter his private accounts in the books—I knew when he was going to draw a private cheque,-because he would say, "Draw a cheque for me for so and so"—he did not name that the private cheques were drawn for his salary, but they were for his own purposes, and he asked me to write the cheque.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he draw any expressly for his salary?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> One or two, but not anything like the whole amount.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Look at that cheque for 57
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; is that in your writing?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The body of it is—I could have told the directors about this—I was no party to any fraud or deceit upon the directors—I paid some of these cheques away in the prisoner's presence—I have caned cheques to tradespeople for him; this cheque for Messrs. Banks and Johns was for saddlery for his own private use—here is a bill headed, "Mr. Ruffey, to Houston and Peel;" I saw that at the time—Mr. Ruffey ordered me to fill up the cheque, and signed it, and I gave it to them—these bills were left in the office; I produce them now from there—all bills were put in a desk in the office—here is a cheque for 10£. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., payable to Mr. Ruffey, with "Mr. Smith," in a parenthesis—Mr. Smith is a coal merchant—here is another for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. to Mr. Gray—he is a person who was employed to paint some scenes for the hall, I believe Mr. Ruffey was going to have some amateur theatricals—this 20£. for repairs was, I believe, for sinking the floor of the hall—here is one for Mr. Hewlett—that was for some chandeliers for the house—they were not used at the festival—all these cheques were kept by Mr. Ruffey in a desk, where they were found after he was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know whether any of these cheques were ever shown to the auditors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They were not—the auditors are working men—some time back I spoke to the prisoner with respect to the mode in which the business was being done, and he said all the clerks he had had in his office had a method of their own in keeping the accounts, but he would have them kept after his own plan, or he would have no one there—I was his clerk—he paid me 27
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did he personally attend the audits, or did you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He personally, and myself also—if any books or papers had been asked for by the auditors, I was on all occasions at liberty to pro
<lb/>duce them; the bank book was not there, but all books in the office I should have produced, if they had asked me the bank book was there sometimes, and the auditors were in the habit of examining it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you mean examining it for the purposes of the audit?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They would overlook it—I think they did not compare it with the balance entered in the books; it would have taken them some time to have done so—I do not believe they did; I can only get at the result now by calculation—in Nov. 1855, the prisoner had overdrawn to the amount of some hundreds—when he did draw cheques for his salary, they were drawn, "Mr. Ruffey, on account of salary"—his salary was made up once a quarter—he would show each quarter what was due to him with respect to salary—in Dec., 1855, he claims 94Z. 6rf. for a quarter's salary—at that time he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150008"/>
<p>had overdrawn his account some hundreds—the loan he had was being repaid by 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a quarter—that was the amount of the quarter's rent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-8" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-8" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am one of the auditors of this society. I audited the accounts in March, 1856—I was not aware of any cheque having been drawn; I made out the balance from the sick book—I have asked the pri
<lb/>soner for the banker's book, and so have the rest of the auditors; sometimes it has been refused, and sometimes he has left it at the bank—on one occa
<lb/>sion in particular he refused it altogether, and said that we had no authority to ask for it, that his solicitor said so; and he defied us for him to produce it—that may be about two years ago—I have seen the banker's book in auditing the accounts, but I am not positive whether I saw it in March, 1856—we tried to compare it with the accounts, to see whether it showed the true balance, but were not able, as sometimes it was two or three months afterwards that we were called upon to audit, when the banker's book showed three months before, and being working people, we did not give it all our minds, and perhaps did not give it that consideration which we ought to have done—some of the cheques were laid before us; I have not got them here—I did not put my initials or tick them—I was not aware that any cheque was drawn by the prisoner for his own private purposes.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long have you been auditor to this society?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Five years—I am a coach smith—I can read and write, the auditors are elected by a committee; there are three besides myself—we all three meet together to audit the accounts; two of them are tailors, and the other a pianoforte carver—we used to look over vouchers, and whatever was produced to us—a young man named Wheeler was only pre
<lb/>sent when he was called—the prisoner was generally present; he might go out for half an hour, leaving us with the books.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-9" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-9" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWELL</persName> </hi>. I am one of the auditors. I assisted in the auditing in March last, and made use of the same book which the last witness has referred to—I have never asked the prisoner for the banker's book, but I have heard the question asked, and heard the answer given, which the last witness has given—I was never aware that cheques were drawn for the pri
<lb/>soner's own private account.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you know of any other way he had of paying himself his salary except by drawing a cheque?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—if he had put himself down to be indebted to us, and had asked us, we should have paid him, but he used to pay himself by cheque—I know that as an auditor—I do not know, as an auditor, that he paid his rent by cheque—I have not looked over cheques to see whether there is a single one in which he has paid himself for salary; I have not got them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Suppose the prisoner to have drawn, in the ordinary and proper course of business, a cheque for salary, ought it to appear in the sick and expenses book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is countersigned by the prisoner (
<hi rend="italic">Dated Dec.</hi> 8, 1855,
<hi rend="italic">on the London and Westminster Bank, for</hi> 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to D. W. Ruffey, salary on account, or bearer</hi>)—I see no entries to salary in this book.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-10" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-10" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-10" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHEELER</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> This book is not in the defendant's writing, but it is made out under his direction—here is an entry, "Secretary and clerks in office, 99
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."—the society is regularly debited every quarter with salary—the amount has been overdrawn from the cash account—besides the cheques he drew, other moneys came into his hands, without going through the banker's at all, to the amount of some hundreds in the year.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150009"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are these the sums he received (
<hi rend="italic">examining the book</hi>)?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the receipts are on one side, and the payments on the other—he does not credit himself here with salary at all; that is an account with me—he only credits himself with salary in that one book; he charges it—he has been paid by having overdrawn previously, I suppose—here he debits the society with payment to the sick, and, in order to satisfy that, he draws a cheque; for his salary he draws no cheque; I suppose he was paid by the overdrawing of the cash account; that would more than pay it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-11" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-11" type="surname" value="JOHNS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-11" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES JOHNS</persName> </hi>. I am a harness maker. The defendant was indebted to me in different sums last year—I cannot tell you what the last amount was—he paid me this cheque in liquidation of my claim on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-12" type="surname" value="PEEL"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-12" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PEEL</persName> </hi>. I am a pianoforte maker. The prisoner was indebted to me between 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and 60
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for a pianoforte, and paid me this cheque (
<hi rend="italic">pro
<lb/>duced</hi>) in liquidation of that debt—this is the bill (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>),</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-13" type="surname" value="HARRISSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-13" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HARRISSON</persName> </hi>. I am proprietor of the house the prisoner occupied—he at various times paid me these eight cheques (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) for his rent; they have my banker's name across them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEORGE WHEELER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Does the prisoner debit himself with those sums which he had received?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and credited himself with the expenses and the sums paid—he debits himself with the full amount—every quarter he charges the society for his quarter's salary, and accounts to the society for so much less money in consequence of that—all these cheques have not been through the banker's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How often were the accounts audited?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Quarterly, in Jan., April, July, and Oct.—these two books (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) contain all the amounts received, except those paid by cheques; on one side are the moneys he received, and on the other what he spent, and the balance was paid over to the bankers—here is an entry, "Cash to Mrs. Ruffey, 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—there is nothing filling up the amount of salary, under the head of "Salary," but of "cash"—I should imagine that there would be something like 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-93-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-93-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-93-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-94">
<interp inst="t18561215-94" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-94" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-94-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-94-18561215 t18561215-94-offence-1 t18561215-94-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-94-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-94-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18561215" type="surname" value="RUFFEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-94-18561215" type="given" value="DANIEL WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL WILLIAM RUFFEY</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted
<rs id="t18561215-94-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-94-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-94-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>for stealing, on
<rs id="t18561215-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-94-offence-1 t18561215-cd-1"/>3rd June</rs>, 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the moneys of
<persName id="t18561215-name-15" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-15" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-15" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-15" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-94-offence-1 t18561215-name-15"/>John Hodge</persName> and others, his masters—2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, on
<rs id="t18561215-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-94-offence-1 t18561215-cd-2"/>7th June</rs>, 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—3rd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, on
<rs id="t18561215-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-94-offence-1 t18561215-cd-3"/>11th, June</rs>, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the moneys of his said masters.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>. and
<hi rend="smallCaps">SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-16" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-16" type="surname" value="SAUNDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-16" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SAUNDERS</persName> </hi>. I am one of the directors of the United Patriots' Benefit Insurance Society. The prisoner was the secretary, at a salary—amongst his various duties, he had to send to the country agents of the society, parcels containing circulars and prospectuses, and he had authority to pay the expenses of their transmission, and had to enter the sums in the society's expenses book—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-17" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-17" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE HOLMES</persName> </hi>. I am one of the booking clerks at the Green Man and Still, Oxford-street. The prisoner was in the habit of bringing parcels there to be booked, to be sent into the country—we sign for the parcels—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at the parcels book</hi>) here is an entry on 3rd June, of thirteen parcels brought by him on that day—the amount paid for their transmission to the country was 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and no more, and which was paid to me—the book is signed by me—on 7th June he brought four parcels; my signature is attached to the entry, for 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. paid, and no more—on 11th June here is an entry of thirteen parcels, 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; that amount was paid to me, and no more, by the prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150010"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is that your book?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; the society's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-18" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-18" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHEELER</persName> </hi>. I was clerk to the prisoner. When parcels were sent into the country I used simply to enter them in the parcels book, under his directions—in the expenses book of 3rd June, here is an entry, in the prisoner's writing, of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., paid in respect of carriage of thirteen parcels to the country—the entry in the parcels book is identical—on 7th June, here is an entry, in the prisoner's writing, of 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., for four parcels—this entry in the parcels book is identical—in the expenses book, here is an entry, on 11th June, of 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for thirteen parcels; the cor
<lb/>responding date in the expenses book of that date is precisely the same—it was the prisoner's habit, on returning from the booking office, on each occa
<lb/>sion, to enter in the book the amount paid—these particular entries are in his writing; others are in mine.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you in the habit of receiving money?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, subscriptions of members—the amounts were entered in the two books last produced, in the last case—I very seldom took money to the bankers—I am in the employ of the society still—I am not in the same situation as the prisoner was—I get 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a day—an assistant clerk is employed there now—the sums received were disbursed by Mr. Ruffey, and by me, on his account, and the balance was paid into the bank—this entry of 3rd June in the rough expenses book is Mr. Euffey's entry—that contains the names of the places to which the parcels are sent—I am quite sure that entry is Mr. Ruffey's writing—in going through the books I have found several other cases in which there has been a charge for making up, porterage, and carriage of parcels, and which has been allowed to Mr. Ruffey—the parcels were made up with brown paper; they had to be packed and sealed, and carried to different booking offices, for various places in the country—I have myself made entries by the prisoner's direction for making up, porterage, and car
<lb/>riage of parcels—he said that he claimed 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each for the parcels—he told me so—it does not appear to have been a uniform claim according to this—he said he had charged 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. each, that was his extra charge—it was not constantly the case that there were two parcels contained in one, it would occasionally happen—when it does occur it is mentioned in the book—I cannot tell from memory whether these parcels did or did not contain two of three each, but it is usual to put in the names of the places to which they had to go—there is a branch assurance society which the prisoner also had to manage as secretary, and to which he was in the habit of sending many parcels—sometimes the agents for the society also acted as agents for the life assurance branch—I cannot say the exact time that I knew of this charge for making up parcels—I imagine there has been a charge of 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. extra made for parcels during the three years I have been there—this book did not go before the auditors—it is called the casual expenses book—it was kept in the office, anybody could see it—I know from what the prisoner told me that he made this extra charge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you know that on 3rd June he had charged more than he had actually paid?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not know what amount was charged—there was a porter paid by the society for the purpose of taking out the par
<lb/>cels—the porter's salary was charged by the prisoner against the society; it was 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—it was before my time that the 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week was given to the prisoner for extra services—I can find the minute of it in the books—it was a proposition of the delegates from the country—I have seen these books in the prisoner's possession, and have seen him referring to them—this</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150011"/>
<p>book would be in his custody as secretary—the proposition is dated March 7th, 1851, and the resolution upon it is dated 13th April, 1851—(
<hi rend="italic">Read</hi>)—I never knew that his claim for porterage was allowed by the society—I never heard it mentioned in the presence of any of the directors—the book that would go before the auditors shows the total of each week's expenses—the office to which these parcels would go is more than half a mile from the St. Pancras Athenæum—he would occasionally pay for the parcels out of his own pocket, and at times he would have it from me, from the society's box, which was kept in the office, tinder his desk and mine—it was locked—I held the key, as his servant.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-19" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-19" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HODGE</persName> </hi>. I am one of the trustees of this society. I never heard that the prisoner had any authority to claim any amount for porterage, or any other amount than that which he paid for the transmission of the parcels to the country—I never heard of anything of the kind—we had a porter, who was paid for doing porter's duty.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You did not take an active part in the business, I believe?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not particularly—I was on the committee, generally speak
<lb/>ing—the income of the society has been several thousands a year—I do not know how much—I have never heard the particular amount—at the foun
<lb/>dation of the society, the prisoner went to the different localities when he has been sent for, or wished to go.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-20" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-20" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE WHEELER</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I believe the prisoner borrowed money for the society, but it was returned—he stated, many months back, that he had pledged his plate for the society—I do not know whether the charge for porterage was made before the resolution as to the 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—I do not know that he has continued to make it ever since—the parcels were generally sent out in June.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> About this plate; do you know whether he pledged it by the society's authority?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I never heard of it, it was never entered on their books.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-21" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-21" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM NEWELL</persName> </hi>. The prisoner was not authorised to claim any sums whatever in respect of porterage beyond what was paid to transmit the parcels to the country—he had the 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week allowed him for the purpose of covering any extra amount of trouble that he had.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Are you one of the auditors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—there is no charge for porterage in the society's accounts besides the salaries of officers; it is for postage, carriage of parcels, and incidental expenses—a charge of that kind has always been made in the balance sheet, but not a charge for making up parcels, especially since we have a porter engaged, for whom we pay 25
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was an independent charge for porterage ever made by him to the auditors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I never heard of such a thing.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The defendant is a member of your society?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He was at the time he held office as secretary.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">submitted, that the prisoner being a member of the society could not be convicted of a larceny of the money of the society, it being partly his own property; see Rex v. Watts, also Rex v. Willis, 1 Moody.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>. contended, that by the rules of the society the money was vested in the trustees, and therefore it would be a larceny from them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">inclined to that opinion; but would reserve the question if it became necessary.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-22" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-22" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HODGE</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> These signatures in this book are my writing—we generally looked at the amounts to see if they tallied, and then signed</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150012"/>
<p>our names as stewards; but I never read this, "Making up, porterage, and carriage of parcels"—I know he never was allowed to charge anything of the sort.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-94-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-94-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-94-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">There were other indictments against the prisoner, for which see Third Court, Thursday.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, December</hi> 15
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1856.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRESENT</hi>.—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CARTER</hi>.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>.; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MICHAEL PRENDERGAST</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Michael Prendergast, Esq., and the Fifth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-95">
<interp inst="t18561215-95" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-95" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-95-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18561215 t18561215-95-offence-1 t18561215-95-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-95-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-95-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18561215" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18561215" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-95-18561215" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE JOHNSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-95-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-95-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-95-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 basket of dead fish, value 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of the "
<persName id="t18561215-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-24" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-95-offence-1 t18561215-name-24"/>South-Eastern Railway Company</persName>: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-95-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-95-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-95-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-95-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-95-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-95-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-95-18561215 t18561215-95-punishment-1"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-96">
<interp inst="t18561215-96" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-96" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-96-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18561215 t18561215-96-offence-1 t18561215-96-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-96-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18561215 t18561215-96-offence-2 t18561215-96-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-96-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-96-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18561215" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18561215" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-96-18561215" type="given" value="JOSIAH WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSIAH WILLIAM TAYLOR</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-96-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-96-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-96-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-96-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-96-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-96-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, embezzling 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the moneys of
<persName id="t18561215-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-26" type="surname" value="CHINNERY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-26" type="given" value="JOHN FAIRFAX"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-96-offence-2 t18561215-name-26"/>John Fairfax Chinnery</persName>, his master:</rs> to which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-96-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-96-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-96-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 16.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-96-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-96-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-96-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-96-18561215 t18561215-96-punishment-2"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-97">
<interp inst="t18561215-97" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-97" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-97-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18561215 t18561215-97-offence-1 t18561215-97-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-97-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-97-18561215 t18561215-97-offence-2 t18561215-97-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-97-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-97-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18561215" type="age" value="40"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18561215" type="surname" value="WILKS"/>
<interp inst="def1-97-18561215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN WILKS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-97-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-97-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-97-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 1 sherry butt, value 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-28" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-28" type="surname" value="CAPEL"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-28" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-97-offence-1 t18561215-name-28"/>Henry Capel</persName> and another, his masters: </rs>
<persName id="def2-97-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-97-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18561215" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18561215" type="surname" value="GRESWELL"/>
<interp inst="def2-97-18561215" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS GRESWELL</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-97-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-97-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-97-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, feloniously receiving the same: to which</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRESWELL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-97-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-97-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-97-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 38.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILKS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-97-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-97-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-97-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 40.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-97-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-97-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-97-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-97-18561215 t18561215-97-punishment-3"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-97-18561215 t18561215-97-punishment-3"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-98">
<interp inst="t18561215-98" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-98" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-98-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18561215 t18561215-98-offence-1 t18561215-98-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-98-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-98-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18561215" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18561215" type="surname" value="LEHANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-98-18561215" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JEREMIAH LEHANE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-98-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-98-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-98-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18561215-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-31" type="surname" value="YOULE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-31" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-98-offence-1 t18561215-name-31"/>William Youle</persName>, and stealing 1 telescope and 1 opera glass, value 15
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; his goods: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-98-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-98-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-98-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 24.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-98-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-98-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-98-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-98-18561215 t18561215-98-punishment-4"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1856.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHAPMAN MARSHALL</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CARTER</hi>.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>.; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Second Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-99">
<interp inst="t18561215-99" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-99" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-99-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18561215 t18561215-99-offence-1 t18561215-99-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-99-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-99-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18561215" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18561215" type="surname" value="BARNET"/>
<interp inst="def1-99-18561215" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BARNET</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-99-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-99-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-99-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 coat, 1 handkerchief, and 1 pair of gloves, value 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-33" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-33" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-33" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-99-offence-1 t18561215-name-33"/>George Butler</persName>: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-99-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-99-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-99-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.*†—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-99-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-99-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-99-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-99-18561215 t18561215-99-punishment-5"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-100">
<interp inst="t18561215-100" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-100" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-100-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18561215 t18561215-100-offence-1 t18561215-100-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-100-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-100-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18561215" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18561215" type="surname" value="KIBBLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-100-18561215" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES KIBBLE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-100-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-100-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-100-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 2lbs. weight of brass, value 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 1 screw driver; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-35" type="surname" value="RIDSDALE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-35" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-100-offence-1 t18561215-name-35"/>Alfred Ridsdale</persName>, his master: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-100-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-100-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-100-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 27.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-100-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-100-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-100-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-100-18561215 t18561215-100-punishment-6"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-101">
<interp inst="t18561215-101" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-101-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18561215 t18561215-101-offence-1 t18561215-101-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-101-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18561215 t18561215-101-offence-2 t18561215-101-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-101-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18561215 t18561215-101-offence-3 t18561215-101-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-101-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18561215 t18561215-101-offence-4 t18561215-101-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-101-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-101-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18561215" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18561215" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-101-18561215" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK CLARK</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-101-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 15 pairs of boots, and the materials for 2 pairs of boots, value 33
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-101-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>also, on
<rs id="t18561215-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-101-offence-2 t18561215-cd-4"/>31st May</rs>, 19 pairs of shoes, value 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-101-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>on
<rs id="t18561215-cd-5" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-101-offence-3 t18561215-cd-5"/>6th June</rs>, 69 pairs of boots and 4 pairs of shoes, value 17
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.;</rs> and, on
<rs id="t18561215-101-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>
<rs id="t18561215-cd-6" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-101-offence-4 t18561215-cd-6"/>11th July</rs>, 6 pairs of boots; the property of
<persName id="t18561215-name-37" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-37" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-101-offence-4 t18561215-name-37"/>John Jones</persName> and another:</rs> to all which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-101-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-101-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—(
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.</hi>)—Aged 22.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-101-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-101-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-101-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-101-18561215 t18561215-101-punishment-7"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-102">
<interp inst="t18561215-102" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-102" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-102-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18561215 t18561215-102-offence-1 t18561215-102-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150013"/>
<persName id="def1-102-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-102-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18561215" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18561215" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-102-18561215" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE WHITE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-102-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-102-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-102-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18561215-name-39" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-39" type="surname" value="TURPIE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-102-offence-1 t18561215-name-39"/>William Turpie</persName>, with intent to rob him: having been twice before convicted: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-102-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-102-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-102-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. ** Aged 33.—(
<hi rend="italic">He was stated to be out on a ticket of leave.)—
<rs id="t18561215-102-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-102-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-102-18561215 t18561215-102-punishment-8"/>Transported for Fifteen Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-103">
<interp inst="t18561215-103" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-103" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-103-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18561215 t18561215-103-offence-1 t18561215-103-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-103-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-103-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18561215" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18561215" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-103-18561215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CLARKE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-103-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-103-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-103-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 basket and 9 bottles of wine, value 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-41" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-41" type="surname" value="BEREND"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-41" type="given" value="ADOLPHE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-103-offence-1 t18561215-name-41"/>Adolphe Berend</persName> and another; having been before convicted: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-103-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-103-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-103-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. * Aged 25.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-103-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-103-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-103-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-103-18561215 t18561215-103-punishment-9"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-104">
<interp inst="t18561215-104" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-104" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-104-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18561215 t18561215-104-offence-1 t18561215-104-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-104-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-104-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18561215" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18561215" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-104-18561215" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL TURNER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-104-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-104-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-104-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>, robbery on
<persName id="t18561215-name-43" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-43" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-43" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-104-offence-1 t18561215-name-43"/>William Holloway</persName>, and stealing from his person 1 watch and chain, value 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; his property: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-104-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-104-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-104-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. *† Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-104-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-104-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-104-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-104-18561215 t18561215-104-punishment-10"/>Six Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-105">
<interp inst="t18561215-105" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-105" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-105-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18561215 t18561215-105-offence-1 t18561215-105-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-105-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18561215 t18561215-105-offence-2 t18561215-105-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-105-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-105-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18561215" type="age" value="34"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18561215" type="surname" value="SNELL"/>
<interp inst="def1-105-18561215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SNELL</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-105-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-105-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-105-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/>, embezzling a cheque for 23
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 18
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in money, which he had received on account of the
<persName id="t18561215-name-45" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-45" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-105-offence-1 t18561215-name-45"/>Great Northern Railway Company</persName>, his masters;</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-105-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-105-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-105-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, unlawfully obtaining an order for 460
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and an order for 42
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., by false pretences:</rs> to both of which he</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-105-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-105-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-105-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 34.—(
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received an excellent character.</hi>)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-105-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-105-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-105-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-105-18561215 t18561215-105-punishment-11"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-106">
<interp inst="t18561215-106" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-106" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-106-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18561215 t18561215-106-offence-1 t18561215-106-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-106-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-106-18561215 t18561215-106-offence-1 t18561215-106-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-106-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-106-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18561215" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18561215" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="def1-106-18561215" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BROWN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-106-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-106-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-106-18561215" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def2-106-18561215" type="surname" value="CLARKSON"/>
<interp inst="def2-106-18561215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CLARKSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-106-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-106-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-106-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 canvas bag, 528 cotton reels, and other goods, value 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-48" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-48" type="surname" value="LOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-106-offence-1 t18561215-name-48"/>James Lowden</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-49" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-49" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MILLER</persName> </hi>. I am thirteen years old, and am in the employ of James Lowden, of Addle-street. On the day before I was before the Magistrate, about half past 2 o'clock, I was resting in London-wall, with a bag containing tapes, needles, and worsted, and the prisoner Brown came up and asked me if he should carry the bag—I said, "No," because I had not got any money; he said that he would carry it without money—I let him carry it, and when we got to Camomile-street, I asked him if I should carry it—he said, "Yes"—I did so, and missed him—he came up to me again at the corner of the Minories, and asked me if he should take it—I said, "Yes"—Clarkson was then with him, and a little way the first time—when we got to the archway Clarkson took out his tobacco box, and Brown said, "Is that all the tobacco you have got?"—he said, "Yes"—Brown said, "Here is a little tobacco shop here"—they sent me in for 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of tobacco—I came out before I was served, as I had a good deal of suspicion, and saw Brown with the bag on his shoulder; he said that it was all right, he was only waiting for me—I went into the shop, got the tobacco, and gave it to Clarkson—Brown was gone—I asked Clarkson where he had gone—he said, "Down that way," and I took the first turning to the right, then another turning to the right, and saw him with the bag on his shoulder—I ran up, and caught hold of the bag—he was not going the way that Clarkson told me; he told me to go towards the Tower, but I turned the contrary way—I said, "Give me my goods;" he said, "Oh, you young fool! I was going round to the tobacco shop again"—he set it down, three or four people came round, and a gentleman called a policeman—I did not see Clarkson again till he was in custody—I am sure he is the person.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Clarkson. Q.</hi> Did I interfere with the bag in any way?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—Brown asked you for a penny for the tobacco—I saw the bag as Brown turned the second corner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-50" type="surname" value="WARDLE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-50" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WARDLE</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 63). I was on duty, and Brown was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150014"/>
<p>pointed out to me, coming into the Minories from the Tower; I took him back to the boy, and then to the station—he said that he did not mean to take it—I found on him a pocket book and a harmonic card—on the next day, while waiting to go before the Magistrate, he said that he had known Clarkson three weeks or a month—I took Clarkson on the following evening, the 21st, at No. 21, Great Mitchell-street, St. Luke's, where he was living with his father-in-law—he came to the door, and I asked if those were Clarkson's apartments—he said that they were not—I said, "I am sure you are the man I want, I charge you with being concerned with a boy in stealing haberdashery in the Minories"—he said that he knew nothing of it—I said, "You have no need to state anything unless you choose"—he said that he supposed it was through a boy who he was with the day before in the Minories, who had lent him a penny—I took this tobacco box from him, and found on him this harmonic card, corresponding with that found on Brown.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Clarkson produced a written defence, stating, that he met Brown carrying the bag, who went round the corner, stating that it was for a certain purpose, while the boy was in the tobacco shop.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="italic">Browns Defence.</hi> I did not attempt to steal it.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARKSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-106-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-106-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-106-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. * Aged 31.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-106-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-106-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-106-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-106-18561215 t18561215-106-punishment-12"/>Confined Two Years</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BROWN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-106-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-106-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-106-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 18.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-106-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-106-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-106-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-106-18561215 t18561215-106-punishment-13"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-107">
<interp inst="t18561215-107" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-107" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-107-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18561215 t18561215-107-offence-1 t18561215-107-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-107-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-107-18561215 t18561215-107-offence-1 t18561215-107-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-107-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-107-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18561215" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18561215" type="surname" value="BASHFIELD"/>
<interp inst="def1-107-18561215" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLOTTE BASHFIELD</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-107-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-107-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-107-18561215" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="def2-107-18561215" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELLEN GRAY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-107-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-107-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-107-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, stealing 35 1/2 yards of doeskin, value 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-53" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-53" type="surname" value="TAPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-53" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-107-offence-1 t18561215-name-53"/>John Henry Tapper</persName> and another, in their dwelling house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-54" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-54" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY CROSS</persName> </hi>. I am shopman to John Henry Tapper and another, woollen drapers, of No. 75, Bishopsgate-street. On 28th Nov., about 5 o'clock, the prisoners and another woman came—the one not present asked to be shown some black cloth to make a mantle—Mr. Long served her, but I was close by; he showed them three or four pieces, but none of them suited—I then assisted, in order to effect a sale—nothing was fine enough or glossy enough to suit them—when they were about to leave, Bashfield was five or six yards in advance of the other two, and on leaving the doorway I noticed something bulky about her person, which raised my suspicions; I followed her to the street, and saw her drop a piece of doeskin on the pavement—I raised an alarm, Long came out, ran after her, and brought her back—this is the doeskin (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—it is Messrs. Tapper's property, and was within two or three yards of the door—it is worth 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or guineas—I lost sight of the other women, but when I went to the station I saw Gray outside the door, and gave her into custody—they all three looked at the cloth.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. DOYLE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you see the doeskin leaning up against the doorpost as Bashfield went out?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not, it was in her arms, I should say, or under her shawl—I saw her drop it—this is the shop mark on it—Bashfield had a dark shawl on.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where was the doeskin when the prisoners came in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Near the door, but on the counter, which is two yards from the door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-55" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM GEORGE"/>WILLIAM GEORGE LONG</persName> </hi>. I am shopman to Messrs. Tapper. I recollect the three women coming—the prisoners are two of them—they came up to me as they came in, and asked to be shown some black cloth for mantles—I took them to the counter, and showed them seven or eight pieces, but none would suit them—Bashfield kept walking up and down the shop—she</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150015"/>
<p>went out five or six yards in advance of them—Crow went out, and pushed away one of the prisoners and the woman not present—I went out, and he called to me—I pursued Bashfield, and brought her back—I am sure the prisoners are two of the women.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you lose sight of Bashfield at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—I did not see Gray again till the next morning, when she was brought to the Mansion House, and I had no doubt about her—I did not see anything under Bashfield's shawl.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-56" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-56" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>DANIEL WEBB</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 650). I was in Bishopsgate-street, about half past 5 o'clock, and saw the last witness bringing Bashfield towards the shop—I went into the shop, and she was given into my custody for stealing the cloth—she said, "Oh! do not, I did not do it"—going to the station, Gray came up and spoke to her, and called her "Caroline"—I separated them, and would not allow them to speak—further down she tried again, and afterwards a third time, but I separated them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> She called her Caroline?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes her name is Charlotte.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BASHFIELD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-107-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-107-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-107-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. * Aged 21.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-107-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-107-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-107-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-107-18561215 t18561215-107-punishment-14"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GRAY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-107-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-107-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-107-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-108">
<interp inst="t18561215-108" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-108" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-108-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18561215 t18561215-108-offence-1 t18561215-108-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-108-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-108-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18561215" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18561215" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-108-18561215" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID MILLER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-108-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-108-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-108-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing two rick cloths, value 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-58" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-58" type="surname" value="EDLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-58" type="given" value="MARK HAYNES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-108-offence-1 t18561215-name-58"/>Mark Haynes Edlin</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-59" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-59" type="surname" value="EDLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-59" type="given" value="MARK HAYNES"/>MARK HAYNES EDLIN</persName> </hi>. I am a farmer at Ickenham. On 5th Dec. I missed part of a rick cloth from my hay rick—I had seen it safe on 24th Nov.—I also missed some hay cloths from my cart house; I had seen them on the same day—these (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) are them, they have my name on them; the prisoner Iras in my employment at the time I missed them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-60" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-60" type="surname" value="GOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-60" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS GOUGH</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">police sergeant, T</hi> 24). On 1st Dec., about 10 o'clock in the morning, I was on duty at Ickenham, and saw the prisoner coming from Mr. Edlin's rickyard, carrying an old rick cloth of this description—I knew he was in Mr. Edlin's employment, and did not stop him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-61" type="surname" value="SAICH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-61" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>MATTHEW SAICH</persName> </hi>. I am an innkeeper at Ickenham. On 25th Nov. I saw the prisoner carrying a large roll resembling this bundle of hay cloths, he was going towards Bunce's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-62" type="surname" value="BUNCE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-62" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS BUNCE</persName> </hi>. I am a gatherer of rags and bones I purchased these cloths of the prisoner; I do not know the time exactly, it was about a week after Mr. Edlin lost them—I bought them in three lots, and gave 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for them—I sold them afterwards with a lot of rags, I do not know what for, to a person named Langley.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-63" type="surname" value="LANGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-63" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE LANGLEY</persName> </hi>. I bought these things of Bunco for 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—that was their value to me to sell again.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-64" type="surname" value="DAVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-64" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DAVEY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, T</hi> 133). I took the prisoner into custody—I told him the charge—he did not say anything.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was going up the lane one morning, and saw a bundle lying in the water; I took them out and dried them, and sold them to Thomas Bunce.</p>
<rs id="t18561215-108-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-108-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-108-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>. Aged 18.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-108-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-108-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-108-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-108-18561215 t18561215-108-punishment-15"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The witness Bunce was not allowed his expenses.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-109">
<interp inst="t18561215-109" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-109" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-109-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18561215 t18561215-109-offence-1 t18561215-109-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-109-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-109-18561215 t18561215-109-offence-1 t18561215-109-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-109-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-109-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18561215" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18561215" type="surname" value="REGAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-109-18561215" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET REGAN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-109-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-109-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-109-18561215" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def2-109-18561215" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="def2-109-18561215" type="given" value="MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARIA HILL</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18561215-109-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-109-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-109-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/>a robbery on
<persName id="t18561215-name-67" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-67" type="surname" value="PANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-67" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-109-offence-1 t18561215-name-67"/>Samuel Panton</persName>, and stealing 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., his moneys.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-68" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-68" type="surname" value="PANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-68" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL PANTON</persName> </hi>. I am a baker's assistant, living in Adam's-row, Hamp
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150016"/>
<p>About 9 o'clock, on 13th Nov., I was in Oxford-street, I met the prisoner Hill there—she asked me the way to Bloomsbuiy-street—I directed her—she then wanted to know where I was going—I said I was going home—she wished me to accompany her home—I at first objected, being rather late; at last I consented, and went home with her—she took me to a house in Barley-court, Drury-lane; we went into a room there, she then went outside and called Began, who came in, shut and locked the door, and placed herself against it—she then said I should not go till I had given her some money—I told her I did not come there with any intention of giving her any money—I did not take her to be a prostitute at the time—she said she did not care for that, I should not quit the house until she had some of me—she said, "Where is Jack? fetch in Jack; he will soon make him give up his money"—she took up the poker, and threatened to beat my brains out if I did not give her all the money I had in my pocket; being frightened and alarmed at their threats, I gave them 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., all the money I had in my pocket—Began said that was not all I had, and she came and felt my pockets, and put her hand inside to see if I had not any more—when she found that I had no more, she used bad language to me, and told me to go out—I went away, and being rather late that evening, I did not interfere about it then—I went to Bow-street on the Monday evening, and spoke to the inspector, and he sent me with a policeman—we went to the same house; I found Hill there, and gave her in charge—nothing had been said about money before Hill went out and called Began in—she said nothing about money until she demanded all I had in my pocket—I refused giving her any then; I had not done so before—I did not go to the house with her for any improper purpose, I took her to be a respectable young woman; her language was very civil at first, I thought she was merely inviting me to go home with her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-69" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-69" type="surname" value="THORN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM THORN</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, F</hi> 75). I went with the prosecutor on the Monday evening to this house, Barley-court—I there saw Began, another young woman, and a man—the prosecutor pointed to Began, and said, "That is one of them"—I said, "Are you quite sure?"—he said, "Yes, I am"—I said, "Be certain"—he said, "That is one"—she made no reply—I took her into custody—on the Wednesday evening I went again to the same house and found Hill there, and a man—I told her I should take her into custody for robbing a young man named Samuel Panton—she said, "What, is that little snot coming to swear against me too!"—at the station when she was told the charge, she said, "It is lie, it was not 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., it was 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>."</p>
<hi rend="italic">Regan.</hi> It is my first offence, I am very sorry for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hill's Defence.</hi> All I received from him was 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and he asked me for one back again; I said I would not give it him; he wanted to stop with me all nighty and said he would pay me on the following Saturday; I would not stop with him, and he said he would give me in charge; as to the poker, there was none in the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-70" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-70" type="surname" value="PANTON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-70" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL PANTON</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I did not say anything about paying her on the following Saturday—I did not ask for 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. back, nothing of the sort passed—there was a poker in the room.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hill.</hi> He offered me 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the street, and I brought him home for it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I did not, I never mentioned anything about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-109-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-109-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-109-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Hill was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-71" type="surname" value="PEGRAM"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-71" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>FRANCES PEGRAM</persName> </hi>. I am a warder at the House of Correction. I pro
<lb/>duce a paper,—(
<hi rend="italic">This certified the conviction of
<persName id="t18561215-name-72">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-72" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-72" type="surname" value="HANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-72" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>Ellen Hannon</persName>, of larceny, in</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150017"/>
<hi rend="italic">Oct., at the Middlesex Session, and that the was sentenced to Six Month im
<lb/>prisonment</hi>)—I was present at the trial—Hill is the person there referred to.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HILL</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>. * Aged 22.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-109-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-109-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-109-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-109-18561215 t18561215-109-punishment-16"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">REGAN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>. * Aged 29.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-109-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-109-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-109-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-109-18561215 t18561215-109-punishment-17"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-110">
<interp inst="t18561215-110" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-110" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-110-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18561215 t18561215-110-offence-1 t18561215-110-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-110-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-110-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18561215" type="surname" value="BROOKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-110-18561215" type="given" value="CHARLES CLEMENT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES CLEMENT BROOKE</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-110-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-110-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-110-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="libel"/>for unlawfully publishing a false, scandalous, and malicious libel of and concerning
<persName id="t18561215-name-74" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-74" type="surname" value="MOSTYN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-74" type="given" value="EDWARD MOSTYN BARON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-110-offence-1 t18561215-name-74"/>Edward Mostyn Baron Mostyn</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HOLL</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-75" type="surname" value="MOSTYN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-75" type="given" value="EDWARD MOSTYN BARON"/>EDWARD MOSTYN BARON MOSTYN</persName> </hi>. On 21st Nov. last, I received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), it was contained in this envelope—I received it through the post—to the best of my belief, the letter is in the handwriting of the defendant—Captain Brooke was married to a natural daughter of the late Sir Thomas Mostyn.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>. (with
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLE</hi>.).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I believe this letter is directed to Mostyn-hall?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is—that is where I reside—I have not the slightest doubt about this being the handwriting of Captain Brooke, I have had several letters from him—to the best of my recollection I have never seen him write—I have had letters purporting to come from him—I have not teen him for some years—I never saw or conversed with him on the subject of those letters—I reside in town during the season—I did not inherit my uncle's estates, I obtained them by will—I cannot speak to the value of the whole of the property that I so obtained; I should be obliged to refer to the incumbrances existing upon it—supposing there had been no incumbrances, it would have been worth, perhaps, 30,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—Mr. Westmacott, my solicitor, is in Court, and will be quite prepared to give you information on that point—I am a peer of the realm—I am privileged from arrest, as all peers are—I never refused to answer to a bill in Chancery, on account of my privilege as a peer—I have never done so in reference to these matters; I believe not, certainly, to the best of my belief, I never have—I believe I have had a bill in Chancery filed against me—I have never answered it, that I know of—I cannot tell you whether that has happened more than once—Mr. Westmacott has been concerned for me in all this—my son does not reside at Mostyn-hall, he resides at a place not far from there—this legacy was a charge upon two estates, the Corgysegeddon estate, and the Plashen estate, in Carnarvonshire—the Corsysegeddon estate is now in the possession of my son—I saw Captain Brooke ten years ago.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Has there been more than a sum of 2001. paid to him, or his wife, or child, or any one belonging to him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; on one occasion there was 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to Captain Brooke, independent of the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I understand that he went out to the Crimea, or Constantinople—the 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was to fit him out—when I saw him on the subject of the non-payment, or withholding of this legacy, I told him that I should do the utmost in my power—I acted under the advice of my solicitor—I expressed my hopes that the defendant would for-bear to take any further means, I had taken the thing voluntarily on my
<lb/>self—I do not believe I urged him, at the interview, to release the estates from the charge of the legacy, and to take my personal bond for the money—the estate was released, and a bond given—I never made him a promise that if he would do that, when my son became twenty-one years of age, I would pay him the money, and I could not exact such a thing from my son; all I said was, that I would do everything to the utmost of my power, and what is going on now will evince that feeling—my son became of age in 1851—I do not think I was afterwards sued on this bond; these matters</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150018"/>
<p>are entirely in the hands of my solicitors—I really do not recollect being sued on that bond, and instructing my solicitors to defend the action—I do not know whether I put Captain Brook, on that occasion, to the expense of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for costs in defending the action—I was told that I had got a verdict, and judgment against me for 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I rather think that was just after my son came of age, but am not positive—I promised to do everything in my power, but no more—the Plashen estate is worth rather upwards of 3,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—my son is in possession of other property which I received through Sir Thomas Mostyn's will; he has the Mostyn property, it was settled on him at his marriage—supposing that property to be unincumbered it would be worth about 8,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. a year—I reside at Mostyn-hall, that is Sir Thomas Mostyn's mansion; and in town, I reside in a town house—I know nothing about the defendant's child by this lady, being unable to receive a fitting education of account of the poverty of his father—I cannot tell you how old the child is—the young lady never lived with Sir Thomas Mostyn; I never knew that such a person was in existence until after his death—I can
<lb/>not state the sum I have raised on Sir Thomas Mostyn's property, or whether it is near 400,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—am I bound to answer what the amount of my debts are?—you must ask Mr. Westmacott—I do not say that I do not know something like the amount of my debts, but I cannot tell you the amount.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> With regard to the writing, was there an application made to you for a sum of money which you sent him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I received a letter, acknowledging it, and have not the slightest doubt that the writing was his—I sent the money to Mr. Pemberton, and received a letter, purporting to come from the defendant—Sir Thomas Mostyn died in April, 1831; I was then thirty-five years of age—when I found out that there was this natural child alive, and that there were other encumbrances, I learned that the estates upon which these legacies were settled were inadequate to discharge them—those are the estates that have been spoken of—I at that time took the matter upon myself voluntarily—I have since that time left the matter entirely in the hands of my solicitor, to make the best arrangement he can, and I know that proceedings are being taken now to effect that object—Mr. Westmacott has been acting for me between three and four years.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was Mr. Westmacott concerned in any action in defending this bond?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think not, but I really do not know—Mr. West
<lb/>macott has all the documents and all the papers connected with my property.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-76" type="surname" value="WESTMACOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-76" type="given" value="HENRY SEYMOUR"/>HENRY SEYMOUR WESTMACOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a partner in the firm of Westma
<lb/>cott and Blake, solicitors. We have acted as solicitors for Lord Mostyn and the Hon. Thomas Mostyn, the son—the solicitors were Messrs. M'Cloud and Co.—we received all the papers, and have them—there are pro
<lb/>ceedings at this moment in Vice-Chancellor Wood's office for the purpose of arranging this legacy for the benefit of the child—I know that Mr. Brook has made over his life interest in it, and that it is by reason of his insol
<lb/>vency that the assignee claims an interest, because I have lately had to pay the official assignee under the insolvency, in respect of a portion of the interest, for which proceedings were taken on a bill given to Captain Brook—the whole of that inquiry was only for the benefit of the child—the encumbrances on Lord Mostyn's estates are very large, from which a diffi
<lb/>culty arises in his meeting this claim—he took those voluntarily upon him—I have received two letters from Mr. Brook, and have written once in answer to the first—I received a reply, in which was an allusion to my letter—I have no doubt that this letter is his writing.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150019"/>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I understand that you have received letters, you have never acted upon them in conjunction with Captain Brook, you have never seen him or spoken to him upon them?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I have done something in consequence of the receipt of these letters, but I never saw him till to-day—the Flashen estate has been sold—I really do not know what it fetched—it was before I became concerned, some years—I have mastered the subject of Lord Mostyn's affairs so far as regards the estates of which I have had the management, the Mostyn estate, the Corsysegoddon estate—I know that that estate fetched a very large sum—I do not know that the encumbrances were only 40,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—there was first of all an Act of Parliament, obtained under which other estates were substituted for the Corsysegeddon estate—a suit was then instituted under Sir Thomas Mostyn's will, by which all the parti
<lb/>culars of all the estates were taken, and all the encumbrances ascertained—I do not know that the estate realized 144,0001.; I have not heard it, nor has it been communicated to me—I have heard that it was upwards of 100,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but have not heard that it was 144,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I do not know from any Master's report, or any document in my possession—I have not heard of the encumbrances on this particular estate—I believe the Corrysegeddon estate to be worth upwards of 100,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—Lord Mostyn never stated, in my presence, that these two estates were only worth 150,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I say that it is worth more than 100,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and that does not include the encumbrances—there were certainly more than 45,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. encumbrances on that estate; I cannot tell you the amount; I cannot answer you whether there was 50,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. because of the debts; when they were created there was a great deal more on the Corrysegeddon, but do not know whether more than 54,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was existing on the death of Sir Thomas Mostyn—the Corryse
<lb/>geddon, in common with other estates, is mortgaged to more than its value in conjunction with other estates—I am aware of a personal bond of Lord Mostyn's being substituted; it was a deed of covenant, I think—I was not concerned in that action—Captain Brook, by his trustees under the settle
<lb/>ment, obtained judgment for 23,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; they were Mr. Rochford Clark and Mr. Hyde Clark—I do not know whether the action was defended, or that the costs incurred by Captain Brook have never been paid to this hour—I have not seen the papers relating to this action.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you know what the consideration was for the settlement of the property on Lord Mostyn's son?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I throw myself upon his Lordship—I am solicitor for the Hon. Thomas Mostyn, and in all these arrangements I was concerned for the son, and not for Lord Mostyn, on the settlement that was made on his marriage—I have no objection to state anything which his Lordship thinks ought to be divulged of the affairs of the Hon. Thomas Mostyn—I do not know the amount of the debts for which Captain Brook was in the Insolvent Court; I believe it to be considerably more than 2,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I only know it from his schedule—I have his schedule in my hand, which you are very welcome to—I think Lord Mostyn's debts are about 300,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., since this bond which he took voluntarily on himself—I was not his solicitor at that time, and had nothing to do with it—a sum of 400,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. has certainly not been raised on the whole property which he took, except by the accumulation of mortgages—sums have been raised to pay off the former debts—all the estates were encumbered with numerous mortgages, and my first duty was to get rid of them all, and put them in a single mortgage.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> With regard to all this amount of encumbrance. Lord Mostyn has not added to it at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Scarcely any
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150020"/>
<p>unfortunately, has taken upon himself 150,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. of the late Sir Thomas Mostyn, very imprudently, believing that the estates were amply sufficient to pay; his personal estate was deficient, and all that kept Lord Mostyn in a state of embarrassment—that has been, in my judgment the cause of his present embarrassment—that was the primary cause of his inability to meet this present debt, and I may say that Mr. Thomas Mostyn is now raising a very large sum on his estates, more than 100,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., for the purpose of liquidating the debts of Lord Mostyn, and among others this present debt of Captain Brook; but Sir Thomas Mostyn is not liable for a single shilling of it, and in the event of his succeeding in doing that, cer
<lb/>tainly a very large dividend will be paid—6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. has been offered, but not secured—that is on the estates.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-77" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-77" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WILSON</persName> </hi>. As clearly as I can make it out, this letter has been posted in Lisle-place—that is near Eaton-square—I am able to say certainly that it has been posted in London.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-78" type="surname" value="DAWE"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-78" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY DAWE</persName> </hi>. I served a notice on the defendant, at No. 2, Lisle-place, Belgrave-square—I saw him there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>. to
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MOSTYN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> At the time there was this arrangement about the charge on the estates being released, and your enter
<lb/>ing into a personal bond, did you state to Captain Brooke as a reason why he should enter into that arrangement with you, that the two estates of Corsysegeddon and Plashenwere worth only 150,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. together?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have no recollection of stating anything of the sort—I do not remember the subject being mentioned.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I suppose in estimating the value of an estate you look at the encumbrances?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Undoubtedly.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The letter was here read, as follows</hi>: "My Lord,—No notice having been taken of my last two letters, I conclude you have resigned what little right you had to be treated like a gentleman. One would suppose that the deep obligations you are under to me would cause you to act differently, but as you seem perfectly callous in mind, I shall now make proof of your body, and shall kick you, in the most public place in which I can find you; be
<lb/>sides this, it is my intention to appeal to your brother peers as to whether the conduct of which I can prove you guilty, will not cause your ejection from your seat in their house. You may rest assured that if we both live, I will make you repent your villany; you shall not rob me, as you have done others, with impunity.")</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">submitted, that there was no evidence of publication; that this was a mere private letter addressed to Lord Mostyn; and the only way in which such a document could be deemed libellous, was by its having a tendency to create a breach of the peace, and in the present case the indictment contained no such allegation.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COLE</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">on the same side) urged, that this was not an indictable offence; here was a sealed letter, sent to a certain indivi
<lb/>dual; and although it might contain such language as would induce that person to commit a breach of the peace, which would be an indictable offence; this case was charged simply as a libel; there was no publication to the world, and therefore nothing to bring it within the law.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT BALLANTINE</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">with</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HOLL</hi>.)
<hi rend="italic">contended, that it was unnecessary to allege that it was calculated to produce a breach, of the peace, if it was clear from the nature of the libel that it had that tendency; he submitted that the libel in question clearly had that tendency; and as the indictment did allege that this was done "against the peace of the Queen," such an averment was all that was required.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SERJEANT PARRY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in reply, contended, that it was absolutely necessary</hi> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150021"/>
<hi rend="italic">that the indictment should contain an allegation of an intent to commit a breach of the peace, and referred to Rex. v. Wegnia, 2 Starkey, 245, as an authority to that effort. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">was of opinion that there was evidence of publication to go to the Jury; it was not necessary to allege or to prove publication to all the world, it was of option that there of the libel to the party libelled; he was also of opinion that it was not neces
<lb/>sary to allege in the indictment an intent to provoke a breach of the peace, and the case referred to, rather went to support that view.</hi>)</p>
<rs id="t18561215-110-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-110-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-110-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">under very great provocation.</hi> </rs>
<rs id="t18561215-110-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-110-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-110-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-110-18561215 t18561215-110-punishment-18"/>
<hi rend="italic">To enter into his own recognizances in</hi> 500
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to appear, and receive judgment when called upon.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-111">
<interp inst="t18561215-111" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-111" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-111-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18561215 t18561215-111-offence-1 t18561215-111-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-111-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-111-18561215 t18561215-111-offence-1 t18561215-111-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-111-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-111-18561215 t18561215-111-offence-1 t18561215-111-verdict-3"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-111-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-111-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18561215" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18561215" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="def1-111-18561215" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BARKER</persName>,
<persName id="def2-111-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-111-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18561215" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18561215" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="def2-111-18561215" type="given" value="JOHN"/> JOHN BIRCH</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-111-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-111-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-111-18561215" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def3-111-18561215" type="surname" value="PINE"/>
<interp inst="def3-111-18561215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PINE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-111-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-111-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-111-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, stealing 112lbs. weight of lead, value 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-82" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-82" type="surname" value="STIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-82" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-111-offence-1 t18561215-name-82"/>Thomas Stimpson</persName>, fixed to building.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAARTEN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-83" type="surname" value="STIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-83" type="given" value="NEHEMIAH"/>NEHEMIAH STIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 7, Bridge-avenue, Hammersmith. On Thursday evening, 4th Dec., between 7 and 8 o'clock, I returned home and heard a noise in the next house, No. 8, which is unfinished, and belongs to Thomas Stimpaon, my cousin—I went to King-street, and them met Back, a policeman—I returned with him, and a constable named Cant, and went with them into the house, No. 8, and up to the attic window, which is one flight of stairs below the attic floor—I did not go to the attic; I stopped on the landing, and saw the prisoner Pine on the attic floor, under the window, lying on the joists, trying to conceal himself—the room was not floored—I found some lead on the staircase, and some on the attic floor—the top stairs are ten feet from the roof of the house—a trap door leads to the roof—after Fine was secured, I went on the roof, but found no one there—we found Barker and Birch on the roof of an addition to the build
<lb/>ing they were getting out of the staircase window—next morning I missed some lead from the gutters, which? had seen safe on the Monday morning previous.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HORRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was that Westminster Militia day?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know—the two on the roof were sitting with their backe against the wall; there was nothing to prevent my seeing them—they came down with us quietly—I believe they all said that they had gone on to the house to sleep—I did not hear them say that it was the militia day, and they had been out, and got tired.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAABTEN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> They came down quietly; ware they not in custody?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—the two on the roof were twelve or thirteen feet from the gutter where the lead was missed.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-84" type="surname" value="BACK"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-84" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN BACK</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, T</hi> 189). went with the last witness and another constable to No. 8, Avenue-road, got over the fence in front of the house, and as I stood on the door step I saw person on the third floor, the attic, walking across the joists—there were no windows or floors to the house—I went up to the attic and found Fine, lying on the joists, close by the window, and on the attic stairs two pieces of lead, 132 Ibs. weight, rolled up, ready to take away—I looked through the staircase window, and saw the other two prisoners sitting upright on the slates—I called them; they came down, and I took them to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had the militia been out?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not that I am aware of.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-85" type="surname" value="GANT"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-85" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH GANT</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, T</hi> 217). I assisted in taking toe prisoners—next day I took portion of the lead to the roof, compared it with what was left in the gutter, and it matched—the cuts appeared quite recent, and matched.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150022"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-86" type="surname" value="JUPP"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-86" type="given" value="PETER"/>PETER JUPP</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, T</hi> 269). On 5th Dec., about quarter past 6 o'clock in the morning, I went to No. 8, Avenue-road, and in the garden found this knife (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), about fifteen feet in the rear of the house; it was shut up, but one end was sticking in the ground—it must have been thrown from the house.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARKER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-111-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-111-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-111-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BIRCH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-111-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-111-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-111-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 18.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PINE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-111-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-111-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-111-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-111-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-111-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-111-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-111-18561215 t18561215-111-punishment-19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-111-18561215 t18561215-111-punishment-19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-111-18561215 t18561215-111-punishment-19"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-112">
<interp inst="t18561215-112" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-112" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-112-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18561215 t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-112-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-112-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-112-18561215 t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-112-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-112-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-112-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18561215" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18561215" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-112-18561215" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES FORD</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-112-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-112-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-112-18561215" type="age" value="29"/>
<interp inst="def2-112-18561215" type="surname" value="SILCOCK"/>
<interp inst="def2-112-18561215" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SILCOCK</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-112-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-112-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-112-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18561215-name-89" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-89" type="surname" value="SELLON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM RICHARD BAKER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-name-89"/>William Richard Baker Sellon</persName>, at
<placeName id="t18561215-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-geo-1"/>Wil
<lb/>lesden</placeName>, and stealing therein I shawl, value 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-90" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-90" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-90" type="surname" value="CHAPLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-90" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-name-90"/>Catherine Chaplin</persName>; 2 pairs of boots, value 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18561215-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-91" type="surname" value="CHIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-91" type="given" value="AMELIA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-name-91"/>Amelia Chidley</persName>; and I purse, 4 candlesticks, 5 blankets, and other articles, value 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of the said
<persName id="t18561215-name-92" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-92" type="surname" value="SELLON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-92" type="given" value="WILLIAM RICHARD BAKER"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18561215-112-offence-1 t18561215-name-92"/>William Richard Baker Sellon</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BAKER SMITH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-93" type="surname" value="CHAPLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-93" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE CHAPLIN</persName> </hi>. I am a domestic in the family of Captain Sellon, of Kilburn. On Tuesday night, 2nd Dec., I went to bed about 11 o'clock, having seen that the doors and windows were all fastened—the back door, lead
<lb/>ing to the garden, and the window over it, were also fast—I came down in the morning, at about a quarter past 7 o'clock, and went into the kitchen—I noticed, at a little before 8 o'clock, that the door and window were open—I saw two ladders near the window, and a work box and tea caddy on the lawn—I missed a shawl of mine, two pairs of boots of Amelia Chidley's, and a counterpane, blanket, and other articles of Captain Sellon's—this table cloth (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is Captain Sellon's, and so are these blankets—this elastic shirt is a very old one of Captain Sellon's.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You are not the washerwoman, but the cook?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; but I air the captain's shirts—this elastic shirt is worn in the back; there is no particular mark on it—there were two or three old ones left at home, and this was one of them—I can swear to it—Captain Sellon is not here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-94" type="surname" value="MADDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-94" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>DENNIS MADDEN</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, S</hi> 54). On 4th Dec., about 4 o'clock in the morning, I saw the prisoners, standing still, in the Kilburn-road, about 300 yards from Elm Lodge—I said nothing—one of them said to the other, "Good night, Bill" and one went up the Kilburn-road, towards Elm Lodge, and the other towards Kilburn station—I am quite sure of them—I did not notice that they were carrying anything—I had seen Silcock before, three Saturdays previous, at the door of the Prince of Wales beer shop, which is about 100 yards from Captain Sellon's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-95" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WARREN</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 27). I know Elm Lodge—it is in the parish of Willesden—on Wednesday, 3rd Dec., I saw the prisoners at half past 2 o'clock in the afternoon—they got over a hedge in the Harrow-road, leading to some stables—they were about a mile from Elm Lodge, the nearest way across the fields—they walked along together to a small hay rick, and Silcock put his hand into the rick, and said, "The things are gone"—they then came up nearer to the stable, where? was standing—I ran out and seized them both—Ford said, "What are you taking me for? I did not put the things under the rick"—that was before I had had time to speak to either of them—I told them that they were the two I had been waiting for, and took them into the barn, where there was a bundle, containing five blankets, four large plated candlesticks, and all these things produced, except the work box and tea caddy—I said, "I shall charge you on suspicion of stealing these things"—Silcock said, "You will not be able to bring it home</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150023"/>
<p>to us"—I took them to the station, and found the blade of a small dinner knife on Ford, this elastic shirt, and some lucifer matches, which exactly correspond with some produced by the cook.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Was Ford wearing the shirt?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I had been staying five and a half hours at the farm—this other knife, I have no doubt, belongs to the prisoners—Pamphilon, an officer, was with me—the rick is almost close to the stable door, about two yards from it—I had the stable gate sufficiently open to see the rick—Pamphilon was in the same place, within two yards of me—the rick is about sixty yards from the road—the farm yard has some boarding round it, and at the end of that there is a low hedge, which they would have had no difficulty in getting over—I did not say, when I rushed out, "Oh, the things are taken away that you put here; we found you out"—I never spoke to them till my hands were upon their collars, nor did I then say so; I said, "You are the two, and we are waiting for you," in return to what he said—he spoke first, and I put it down in writing the same night—the very words were, "I did not put the things under the rick"—I copied the memorandum as soon as I returned from the police court—I have a rough copy here of the report of what took place—the words he made use of were not, "I did not put the things there," but, "What are you taking me for? I never put the things under the rick"—I was examined before the Magistrate—(
<hi rend="italic">looking at his deposition</hi>) it is "there" in this, but Mr. Fell might have misunderstood me—I have been twelve years in the force—Silcock said that he and Ford had got over there for a natural purpose.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-96" type="surname" value="PAMPHILON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM PAMPHILON</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 115). I was with sergeant Warren at Mr. Higgins's farm, in the Harrow-road—I saw the prisoners get over a hedge into the field, and then into the rick yard—Silcock put his hand into tie rick, and said to Ford, "They are gone"—we then went from our hiding place—sergeant Warner seized them, and I took Silcock from him—Ford was the first who spoke—he said, "What are you taking me for? I know nothing of the things"—Warren made no observation that I heard—I took Silcock into the barn, showed him the property, and told him that I should charge him with stealing it—I searched him, and found this purse (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), containing half a sovereign, and a knife, and 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—I then took him to the station.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did Warren rush out and seize these men at the moment that you and he saw them come up to the rick?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; we were both close together—the stable door is not more than two or three yards from the rick—Warren did not say, "Oh! you thought you would find the things there;" if he had I must have heard him—they said that they had merely got over the fence for a natural purpose.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-97" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-97" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-97" type="surname" value="CHAPLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-97" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE CHAPLIN</persName> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> This purse belongs to one of the family, I do not know who; it is very dirty now, but it was quite clean the day before—the knife was in the pantry, the edge was notched on the same morning, and it has "J. T." on it; it is a very old one—it is some time since I saw the purse in the dining room, but I will swear that I have seen it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-98" type="surname" value="STEER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-98" type="given" value="WILLIAM JOHN"/>WILLIAM JOHN STEER</persName> </hi>. I am cow man to Mr. Higgins; he has a farm on the Harrow-road. On 3rd Dec., at 8 o'clock in the evening, I went into the yard, and found a bundle of things tied up, under some litter, by the side of the rick; I carried it to the barn, and afterwards gave it to sergeant Warren, who examined it—they were in this wrapper which they are in now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-99" type="surname" value="SELLON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-99" type="given" value="JOHN SCUDAMORE"/>JOHN SCUDAMORE SELLON</persName> </hi>. I am the prosecutor's son, and reside at his</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150024"/>
<p>house, Elm Lodge, Kilburn. On this night I went round the house, and saw it secure; I looked at the lower bolt of the back door, but not at the sash hasp of the window over it—I went to bed at 1 o'clock on the Wednesday morn
<lb/>ing, Dec. 3rd—next morning I noticed something from my bedroom window, and about a quarter to 8 o'clock the cook came up to me—I discovered foot-marks in the adjacent ground—I found the back door open, and five wooden bars and one iron bar forced from the cellar window—I traced the footmarks across the lawn, and over the fence leading to the fields towards Kensal-green—I did not trace them further, but they went in a straight line to
<lb/>wards Higgins's farm—I afterwards examined some boots which were brought to me—there were footmarks of two people; one set of which were much wider than the other, and in both was a double row of nails—I only com
<lb/>pared the boots with the marks by recollection, as it had been snowing and raining since—to the best of my recollection, I have seen this purse at my father's, but will not swear to it, aa there are so many like it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-100" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-100" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 7, Plough-court, Fetter-lane. I have known Silcock four months, I am no relation of his—I do not wish to look at that purse, I can give you full evidence without looking at it—I have often seen it—it his been in my possession till three weeks ago, when I gave it to Silcock again, as a few words occurred—I had had it three months and better—this is it (
<hi rend="italic">looking at it</hi>)—I am a bookbinder, and have lived in that house two years—I am not married.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-101" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-101" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN EDWARDS</persName> </hi>. I am single, and am a brush drawer, and have worked at Mr. Willis's, No. 36, Tottenham-court-road, for five weeks, and I have been servant to Mr. Williams, a solicitor—I have known Ford two years—I know this shirt by going to a person who washes for him, and I washed it for him, and top awed it on the Saturday before; there is also a hole in the back, and it has never been washed since; it was rough dry when he put it on.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FORD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-112-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-112-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-112-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 26.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SILCOOK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-112-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-112-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-112-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 29.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-112-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-112-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-112-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-112-18561215 t18561215-112-punishment-20"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-112-18561215 t18561215-112-punishment-20"/>Confined Two Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-113">
<interp inst="t18561215-113" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-113-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18561215 t18561215-113-offence-1 t18561215-113-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-113-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18561215 t18561215-113-offence-2 t18561215-113-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-113-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18561215 t18561215-113-offence-3 t18561215-113-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-113-charge-4" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18561215 t18561215-113-offence-4 t18561215-113-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-113-charge-5" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18561215 t18561215-113-offence-5 t18561215-113-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-113-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-113-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18561215" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18561215" type="surname" value="GEARON"/>
<interp inst="def1-113-18561215" type="given" value="DANIEL FRANCIS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DANIEL FRANCIS GEARON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-113-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, forging and uttering a receipt for 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-113-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also, a receipt for 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-113-offence-3" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-3" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-3" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also, a receipt for 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-113-offence-4" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-4" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-4" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also, a receipt for 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.;</rs>
<rs id="t18561215-113-offence-5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-5" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-offence-5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>also, a receipt for 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; with intent to defraud:</rs> to all which he</p>
<rs id="t18561215-113-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and received a good character.</hi> Aged 27.—
<hi rend="italic">Recom
<lb/>mended to mercy by the Prosecutor.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-113-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-113-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-113-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-113-18561215 t18561215-113-punishment-21"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, December</hi> 16
<hi rend="italic">th</hi> 1856.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CARTER</hi>.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>.; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">MICHAEL</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PRENDERGAST</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Michael Prendergast, Esq., and the Sixth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-114">
<interp inst="t18561215-114" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-114" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-114-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18561215 t18561215-114-offence-1 t18561215-114-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-114-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-114-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18561215" type="age" value="63"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18561215" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="def1-114-18561215" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PATRICK KELLY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-114-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-114-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-114-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for unlawfully uttering counter
<lb/>terfeit coin: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-114-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-114-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-114-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 63.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-114-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-114-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-114-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-114-18561215 t18561215-114-punishment-22"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-115">
<interp inst="t18561215-115" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-115" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-115-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18561215 t18561215-115-offence-1 t18561215-115-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-115-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-115-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18561215" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18561215" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="def1-115-18561215" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES KNOWLES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-115-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-115-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-115-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-115-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-115-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-115-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-115-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-115-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-115-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-115-18561215 t18561215-115-punishment-23"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-116">
<interp inst="t18561215-116" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-116" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-116-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18561215 t18561215-116-offence-1 t18561215-116-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150025"/>
<persName id="def1-116-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-116-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18561215" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-116-18561215" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY THOMPSON</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-116-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-116-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-116-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for feloniously uttering coun
<lb/>terfeit coin, after a previous conviction: to which he</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-116-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-116-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-116-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-116-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-116-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-116-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-116-18561215 t18561215-116-punishment-24"/>Four Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-117">
<interp inst="t18561215-117" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-117" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-117-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18561215 t18561215-117-offence-1 t18561215-117-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-117-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-117-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18561215" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-117-18561215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SULLIVAN</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-117-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-117-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-117-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-107" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-107" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILKINSON</persName> </hi>. I produce an examined copy of the prisoner's pre
<lb/>vious conviction—(
<hi rend="italic">Read: "William Suttwan, Convicted at this Court, in Feb.</hi>, 1856,
<hi rend="italic">of uttering counterfeit coin; Confined-nine months</hi>)—I was an officer then, and was present—the prisoner is the person.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-108" type="surname" value="CHESSMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-108" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH CHESSMAN</persName> </hi>. I am shopwoman to Mr. Mapleden, who keeps a pie shop in Shoreditch. On 18th Nov. I saw the prisoner in the shop, about half past 8 o'clock in the evening—he asked for a penny pie, I served him, he gave me a half crown—I gave him change, and he went out—I put the half crown in the till—there was only one other half crown there, which I had taken of a female a few minutes before—I left them both in the till till my master came home, and gave them to him—I did not mark them—on the 21st I saw the prisoner again—I knew him at once when he came into the shop—he asked for a penny pie, and gave me a half crown—I went to my master, and gave it him, and told him it was the same man that had come on the Tuesday evening.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> If I was there on the Tuesday night, I should think you could swear to the one I gave you.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> They are both of one date and of one mould.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-109" type="surname" value="MAPLEDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MAPLEDEN</persName> </hi>. On 18th Nov. I took two half crowns out of my till—I wrapped them in a piece of paper, and put them at the back of the till—on the 21st I saw the prisoner in my shop—I got from the last witness a half crown, and she said, "This is the man that was here on Tuesday evening"—I told the prisoner the half crown was a bad one—he asked me to let him look at it, I refused—he ran away, I ran after him, and hallooed "Stop thief!"—the officer took him—I gave the officer the three half crowns—I kept the two taken on the 18th separate from, the other.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-110" type="surname" value="HAGERTY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-110" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HAGERTY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, G</hi> 215). I heard the cry of "Stop thief!" and saw the prisoner running—I ran, and caught him in Batemanrow—I took him into custody—I received these three half crowns from Mr. Mapleden.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-111" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-111" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-111" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Royal Mint These two half crowntf, passed on the 18th, are bad—they are of the reign of George III., 1819, and are the same date, and from the same mould—the one passed on the 21st is also bad, it is of William IV., 1836.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I was not in London on the 18th, nor within ten miles of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-112" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-112" type="surname" value="CHESSMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-112" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH CHESSMAN</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I am quite sure he is the person that passed the half crown on the Tuesday.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> You could hardly pick me out in the Court till I was pointed out
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No, I picked you out from others—I found no difficulty in it at all—I knew you directly, the others all appeared shorter than you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-117-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-117-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-117-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-117-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-117-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-117-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-117-18561215 t18561215-117-punishment-25"/>Four Years Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-118">
<interp inst="t18561215-118" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-118" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-118-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-18561215 t18561215-118-offence-1 t18561215-118-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-118-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-118-18561215 t18561215-118-offence-1 t18561215-118-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-118-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-118-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18561215" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18561215" type="surname" value="POWIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-118-18561215" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE POWIS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-118-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-118-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-118-18561215" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-118-18561215" type="surname" value="APPLETON"/>
<interp inst="def2-118-18561215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM APPLETON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-118-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-118-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-118-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-115" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-115" type="surname" value="LUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-115" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH LUSH</persName> </hi>. I am a widow—I keep a china shop, in Morton-street, Pimlico. On 24th Nov. Powis came, and asked the price of a pan that was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150026"/>
<p>outside the door—it was 3 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he bought it—he then asked for a half pint milk jug, and had one for 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I gave him change, and he went away—I put the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece on the mantel piece, there was only a six-pence and a 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. piece there—that was all the silver I had—I afterwards tried the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, and found it was bad—I showed it to Mrs. Kay, and she said it was bad—I did not let it go out of my sight—about twenty minutes after
<lb/>wards the prisoner Apple ton came and looked at the things outside the shop, and asked for a 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. white basin—I showed him one, he bought it—he gave me a florin, I put it in my mouth and bit it—it was in very bad one—I told him so, and I said I had no doubt he was connect with the other man, and I would give him in charge—he ran out of the shop, and left the basin behind him and the florin—he was brought back in two or three minutes by the policeman, and I saw the milk jug that I had sold to Powis, taken from Appleton's pocket—I gave the two florins to the policeman—I am quite sure the prisoners are the two men—I saw Powis brought in custody the next morning—I am quite sure he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Powis. Q.</hi> When. I was in the station, did you not say, "That is him," and in two or three minutes afterwards did you not say, "No, I don't think it is"?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and the reason was, your coat was buttoned up when I saw you, and it was not so then—I said, "That is not the coat he had on," but I will swear to you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you notice his features?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and noticed that he was marked with small pox.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-116" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BIRCH</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, B</hi> 214). I took Appleton into custody, and took him back to the last witness—he said that he was not aware that the florin was bad—I searched him, and found this milk jug in his pocket—he said another man gave it him to come and purchase a basin for him, and he did not know the man—I had seen Appleton about ten minutes or a quarter of an hour before, and Powis was with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Powis.</hi> You said you thought we were together.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No, I never said any such thing—I knew you perfectly well—I took you into custody only a few weeks before, for a like offence—what I said was, that I saw a person with Appleton, who I believed to be you.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-117" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-117" type="surname" value="LUSH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-117" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH LUSH</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I know this milk jug perfectly well—I had had it too long by me—it is the one that I sold to Powis—here is my mark, 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., on the bottom—I gave the two florins to Birch at the police station—I marked them before I gave them to him—they have the marks on them now.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-118" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-118" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-118" type="surname" value="BATH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-118" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN BATH</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Bath—he keeps a chandler's shop. On 10th Nov. Powis came, and bought three pounds of potatoes for 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>—he gave me a shilling—I gave him change, all in coppers—after he was gone I examined the shilling, and found it was bad—I ran after Powis—I saw him running, but I could not run so fast—I gave the shilling to the officer Byrnes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-119" type="surname" value="SYMES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-119" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SYMES</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, B</hi> 181). I took Powis into custody on the 25th—I received this shilling from Mrs. Bath on the 10th, about an hour after she had taken it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-120" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-120" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two florins are bad, and from the same mould—this shilling is also bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Powis called the following witnesses for his Defence.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-121" type="surname" value="PARSONS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-121" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PARSONS</persName> </hi>. I live at No. 1, Little Ebury-street—I know the prisoner Powis—on the Monday before the Tuesday on which he was taken, he was indoors from 3 o'clock till 6—I left him at 6 o'clock—he does not</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150027"/>
<p>live in the same house with me—I was at his house—he lives at No. 4, Robert's-buildinga—I had tea with his mother, and at 6 o'clock he was there—he went out between 2 and 3 o'clock, to get some stuff for the tooth
<lb/>ache—he went back again to change the stuff—I went with him, and came back with him at 10 minutes to 3 o'clock—we looked at the clock at the Orange public house, which is about 200 yards from where the prisoner lives, in Robert's-buildings—I am sure he went straight in after looking at the clock at the Orange public house—I do not know Morton-street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How happened you to be at his house on that day?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was there with him—I had been with him before, since I was out of employ—that was not the first day I was out of employ—I think it is eleven weeks since I was first out of employ—I had been employed in a ham and beef shop—I had been out of employ six or seven weeks before that Monday—during that time I had been sometimes with him, and sometimes looking out for a place—I slept with Powis some part of the time—I cannot tell how often I slept with him during that eleven weeks—he asked me to come and sleep with him for company—I cannot say how often that has happened, two or three times a week—I forget what time I first got to his house on the Monday—I cannot remember whether I slept at home or with him on the Sunday night—Mrs. Shanns, the land-lady, lives at No. 4, Robert's-buildings, as well as the prisoner—I am not aware whether she is here—the prisoner's mother is here—she was there on that Monday—we were having tea—she was with him from 3 till 6 o'clock—we had tea between 4 and 5 o'clock—there was no one at tea but the prisoner, and his mother, and me—I went out at 6 o'clock, leaving him and his mother there; I went to see a gentleman about a place—I heard on the Tuesday morning that the prisoner was taken—his mother and I went to the police court, but he was taken down, we were not there in time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where was the last place you lived at?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In the London-road, at a ham and beef shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SARAH LUSH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was the time Powis came to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was between 4 and 6 o'clock—it was just as I lit up the gas in the shop—I had lighted the back gas in the shop, and the gas in the parlour—I am sure it was that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-122" type="surname" value="POWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-122" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN POWIS</persName> </hi>. I am the prisoner's mother. He went out that Monday morning between 10 and 11 o'clock: he came home, and went out in the afternoon to get some stuff for his tooth, and Parsons went out with him to change it—he thought it was not right—I do not think they were gone more than ten minutes—I should not think it was 3 o'clock when they came home—he did not go out till about a quarter before 8 o'clock, he was in doors till that time—Parsons left him at 6 o'clock to go to see a gentle
<lb/>man about a situation—he left him there with me—the young man that my son has been taken for, has been to me—they are very much alike, I should hardly know them apart.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Is the person that is so much like him here as a witness?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I went with him to his house last evening—he is brother-in-law to Appleton; he lives at No. 4, Little Ebury-street—he is very like my son—I saw him last night, and took a person with me, and he says he has destroyed the pan that he had—my son is by trade a barber and hair dresser; he works for a gentleman at Chelsea—he went to him on that day—he went out between 10 and 11, and came back about 1 o'clock—he has known Parsons some time—Parsons lives in Little Ebury-street with his mother, who is a widow—he used to come to my place on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150028"/>
<p>Sunday when he was in employ, and stay till he went to his place in the even
<lb/>ing to sleep—I have only one room on the second floor back; I sleep there, and my son slept there—I laid on the floor—Parsons has slept there with my son the last three or four weeks, almost every night—when he was in a situation he used to come in the day, and go to his place to sleep—he had his victuals at his own place, and slept with my son—his mother has only one room—my son came back that day, and had his dinner about 1 o'clock; cold breast of mutton and potatoes—I had my tea between the lights—I lighted up a little bit of candle—I said, "Is that enough?" and Parsons went out and got me some apples, and he brought me in a penny candle—he and I came here to-day—I knew that he was coming to prove that my son was at home—I asked if he would be so kind as to come and say what he could prove—I think he has slept at my house every night since my son has been in custody, except one night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-123" type="surname" value="SYMES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-123" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SYMES</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I saw the prisoner Powis about half past 5 o'clock on that Monday evening in Grosvenor-road—he was by himself—I knew him before.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you quite sure it was him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I do not know that he was doing anything, he was walking very fast—it was about half past 5 or 20 minutes to 6 o'clock—I am quite certain he is the man—that is about 600 or 700 yards from Robert's-buildings.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-124" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-124" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BIRCH</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> It was about a quarter to 5 o'clock when I took Appleton—I had seen him and Powis together about ten minutes before that—I believe it was Powis—I do not know any other person that is at all like him in person—I do not know a person named Milwood.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-125" type="surname" value="SYMES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-125" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS SYMES</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I have seen Milwood—he and Powis do not resemble each other, Milwood is rather fuller in the face—they are not likely to be mistaken for each other—they are about of a height, but Mil
<lb/>wood is rather fuller in the face—he is not marked with the small pox.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-126" type="surname" value="POWIS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-126" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN POWIS</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> My son is marked with the small pox—but if I was on the opposite side, I should call alter the other—he is just the height—I should know my own son, as he is marked with the small pox, and the other is not—I might mistake the other for my son at some dis
<hi rend="largeCaps">POWIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-118-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-118-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-118-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. * Aged 21.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-118-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-118-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-118-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-118-18561215 t18561215-118-punishment-26"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">APPLETON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-118-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-118-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-118-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-118-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-118-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-118-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-118-18561215 t18561215-118-punishment-27"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-119">
<interp inst="t18561215-119" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-119" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-119-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-119-18561215 t18561215-119-offence-1 t18561215-119-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-119-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-119-18561215 t18561215-119-offence-1 t18561215-119-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-119-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-119-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-18561215" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-18561215" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-119-18561215" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES WARD</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-119-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-119-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-119-18561215" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def2-119-18561215" type="surname" value="PRATT"/>
<interp inst="def2-119-18561215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN PRATT</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18561215-119-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-119-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-119-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>,</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-129" type="surname" value="SIGGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-129" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SIGGERS</persName> </hi>. I keep the Flying Horse, at Hackney. On 22nd Nov. the prisoner Ward came there—he asked for a pint of beer—I served him—he gave me a florin—I saw it was bad, and told him so—he told me to take half the beer back, and he gave me a penny—I bent the florin double, and kept it—when Ward went out I followed him, and watched him—he joined Pratt about 200 yards from my house—Pratt was walking on, and stopping occasionally, and Ward overtook him-—they walked on towards the Downs—they went together to within about ten yards of the Weavers' Arms, and there they stopped—they had been joined by a third party, but one was not taken—they were all three together when they got near the Weavers' Arms—they then separated; the other two went towards Kingsland-road, and Pratt went into the Weavers' Arms—I followed him in, and heard him dealing for a pint of beer and a screw of tobacco, and Mrs. Collis, the landlady, had got a florin—I took it out of her hand, and it was bad—Mr. Collis took possession of it, and Pratt was detained.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150029"/>
<hi rend="italic">Ward.</hi> You came and took me in Kingsland-road, half an hour after
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> It was two hours afterwards, after you had been in my house.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-130" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-130" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-130" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA COLLIS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Samuel Collie, who keeps the Weavers' Arms. On 22nd Nov. Pratt came, and asked for a pint of beer and a screw of tobacco—they came to 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I looked at it, and bent it on the counter—while I was doing so, Mr. Siggers came in; he told me to examine the money—I put the 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece down on the counter—he took it up—I am sure it was the same—I called Mr. Collis, and I left the bar—I saw Ward in the bar when the other prisoner was taken, about 3 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-131" type="surname" value="COLLIS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-131" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL COLLIS</persName> </hi>. I got the counterfeit florin from Mr. Siggers—I took it out of his hand, and kept it in my possession while my son went for the policeman—I gave it to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-132" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-132" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, N</hi> 161). I was called to the Weavers' Arms—I took charge of Ward—it was stated that he had been uttering a piece of bad money—he did not make any answer to that, but he said he had sold a waistcoat.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-133" type="surname" value="PEPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-133" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PEPPER</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, N</hi> 368). I took Pratt into custody at the Weavers' Arms, on the 22nd—I produce the two florins—one I got from Mr. Siggers, and the other from Mr. Collis—Ward said he could not account for how he came by it—I asked Ward where he lived—he said he had no home.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Pratt.</hi> I told him I had received it in change; I received that 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece and 2 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. out of a half crown.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No; you said you could give no account where you got it—you said you took it in London, bat could not tell where.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-134" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two florins are bad, and from the same mould. Ward's Defence, I went into his house, and gave him a 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece; he said it was bad; I had half a pint of beer, and gave him a penny I went out, and asked a man which was the nearest way to the Hare and Hounds; he said he was going, and he would show me; I then went and sold a waistcoat.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Pratt's Defence.</hi> I offered it, but did not know it was bad; I never was in such a situation before; I told where I lived, and where I was bred and born.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-135" type="surname" value="SIGGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-135" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE SIGGERS</persName> </hi>.
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I took Ward in Kingsland-road, about three minutes' walk from the Weavers' Arms—he was coming towards the Weavers' Arms.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WARD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-119-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-119-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-119-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRATT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-119-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-119-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-119-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-119-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-119-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-119-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-119-18561215 t18561215-119-punishment-28"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-119-18561215 t18561215-119-punishment-28"/>Confined Six Months.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-120">
<interp inst="t18561215-120" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-120" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-120-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-120-18561215 t18561215-120-offence-1 t18561215-120-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-120-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-120-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-18561215" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-18561215" type="surname" value="OLIVER"/>
<interp inst="def1-120-18561215" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS OLIVER</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-120-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-120-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-120-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-137" type="surname" value="WAGSTAFF"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-137" type="given" value="THOMAS RICHARD"/>THOMAS RICHARD WAGSTAFF</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Ward, a chemist, in Grosvenor-street West On 29th Nov. the prisoner came, between 8 and 9 o'clock in the evening, to our shop tor a pennyworth of sugar of lead—he offered me a half crown—I gave him 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in change, and put the half crown in the till—soon after, a female came in, and asked for an ounce of jujubes, and she offered me a counterfeit half crown, which I refused—that did not go into the till—there was no half crown in the till but the one that the prisoner gave me—when the woman offered me the bad one, it excited my suspicion—I took the one that the prisoner gave me out of the till—I found it bad—I gave it to the officer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150030"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-138" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-138" type="surname" value="LEAR"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-138" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES LEAR</persName> </hi>. I live in Ebuiy-street, with my father, who is a tobacconist. On Saturday night, 29th Nov., the prisoner came to our shop—he asked for half an ounce of tobacco, and two twopenny havannas—they came to 5 3/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half crown—I told him I had not money enough to give him change; I wanted another farthing—he said, "Never mind that"—I gave him two shillings—he went away—I tried the half crown in the money detector, and it was bad—I went with Pateman, and we met the prisoner in custody—I gave the constable the half crown.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Is there anything particular about me more than any other soldier?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I know you are the man—I saw you again about ten minutes after you had been in our shop—I know you by your face, not by your dress, Prisoner. I am not the person at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What time was it he came in?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About 9 o'clock—I do not know how far our house is from Mr. Wagstaffs.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-139" type="surname" value="PATEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-139" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS PATEMAN</persName> </hi>. I am the brother-in-law of the last witness. On the night in question I went with him to see for the prisoner—I met him in custody—I gave the officer the half crown.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-140" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-140" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CLARK</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, A</hi> 273). On 29th Nov. I received information, and took the prisoner, and a woman named Russell, who was discharged—they were in a beer shop, in Pimlico—I told the prisoner he was charged with passing a bad half crown at a shop in Grosvenor-street—he said he was innocent; he was not the man—he said he had been in no other house but the one he was in, which was the Royal Arms beer shop—I told Russell she was charged with attempting to utter one, which she said the prisoner gave her—as I was taking the prisoner to the station, I met the last witness—I found on the prisoner two good shillings, and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—Grosvenor-street is about 400 yards from Ebury-street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-141" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad, and from one mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I am not guilty of either of the charges; James Williamson was with me from the time I left barracks till I was taken, in the same public house; I never left his company, nor he mine; he was in my com
<lb/>pany from half past 4 till half past 9 o'clock, when the officer took me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-142" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-142" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-142" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WILLIAMSON</persName> </hi>. I am a private in the Guards. I was in the prisoner's company, but I cannot recollect the day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you go to the police court?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—the prisoner did not give me any information about the time—I was at the Royal Arms when he was taken—we had not been in the Royal Arms half a minute—I did not see him pass any bad money while he was in my company—I knew that he was taken up—he did not call on me to go as a witness—I do not know at all whether he went to those places—there was a woman with him when he was taken—she said the soldier gave her the money—he said he had not—I cannot tell whether the prisoner went into a doctor's shop at a quarter before 9 o'clock—I cannot tell whether he bought half an ounce of tobacco—I was in his company about a quarter of an hour—I left barracks, and went to Knightsbridge—I met him and two females—he asked me if I would go and have some beer—we went, and the officer came and took him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The sergeant of the prisoner's regiment stated that he had been through the whole campaign, and his character was fair.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-120-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-120-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-120-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 22.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-120-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-120-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-120-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-120-18561215 t18561215-120-punishment-29"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-121">
<interp inst="t18561215-121" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-121" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-121-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-121-18561215 t18561215-121-offence-1 t18561215-121-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-121-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-121-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-18561215" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-18561215" type="surname" value="SCOLTOCK"/>
<interp inst="def1-121-18561215" type="given" value="ROSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROSE SCOLTOCK</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-121-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-121-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-121-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-144" type="surname" value="APTED"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-144" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK APTED</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger, in Broad-street, St. Giles. On</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150031"/>
<p>Monday, 24th Nov., I saw the prisoner in my mother's shop between 6 and 7 o'clock—she bought a 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. dried haddock, and offered me a sixpence—I gave her 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—I put the sixpence on the shelf in the shop—I observed it again in two or three minutes, and found it was very bad—I bent it double, and put it on the shelf, which is between six and seven feet high—I saw the prisoner again on the following evening, between 5 and 6 o'clock—she then asked for a haddock, and offered me a sixpence—I looked at it, and it was bad—I said, "This is too bad; one last night, and one to
<lb/>night; I have a great mind to give you in charge"—I took her by the arm, and put her out of the shop—she was then very abusive, and I gave her in charge—I took the two sixpences to the station, and gave them to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-145" type="surname" value="DAVEY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-145" type="given" value="DAVID"/>DAVID DAVEY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, A</hi> 309). The prisoner was given into my cus
<lb/>tody by the last witness—he charged her with passing bad sixpences—she said she was sent by a woman—I asked her by whom, and she said she could not tell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-146" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad; but not from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I did not know they were bad.</p>
<rs id="t18561215-121-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-121-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-121-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.—Aged 16.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury, she being para
<lb/>lytic, and much afflicted.</hi> </rs>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-121-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-121-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-121-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-121-18561215 t18561215-121-punishment-30"/>Confined One Month</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-122">
<interp inst="t18561215-122" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-122-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-122-18561215 t18561215-122-offence-1 t18561215-122-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-122-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-122-18561215 t18561215-122-offence-1 t18561215-122-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-122-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-122-18561215 t18561215-122-offence-1 t18561215-122-verdict-3"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-122-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-122-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-18561215" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-18561215" type="surname" value="MCDONALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-122-18561215" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MCDONALD</persName>,
<persName id="def2-122-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-122-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-122-18561215" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-122-18561215" type="surname" value="MCKENZIE"/>
<interp inst="def2-122-18561215" type="given" value="GEORGE"/> GEORGE MCKENZIE</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-122-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-122-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def3-122-18561215" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def3-122-18561215" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ELIZA
<lb/>BETH CLARK</hi> </persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18561215-122-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-122-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-150" type="surname" value="WATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-150" type="given" value="FRANCES ANN"/>FRANCES ANN WATKINSON</persName> </hi>. I live at the Swan Tavern, Swan-yard, Shoreditch. On Friday evening, oth Dec., the prisoners, M'Donald and Clark, came in about half past 6 o'clock; M'Donald called for a quartern of gin—I served him—Clark was standing near him—he gave me in payment a half crown, I gave him, 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change—they drank the gin, and went away—I put the half crown in the till—I saw my brother go to the till, and he took out the half crown, and it was bad—there was no other half crown there—I had not put any other in—on Saturday evening, about 8 o'clock, M'Kenzie and Clark came in; M'Kenzie asked for two glasses of gin—my sister served him, and he laid down a crown piece—my brother was there, and I told him that that was the woman who had come in the night before—my brother gave the crown to the constable, and the prisoners were given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-151" type="surname" value="WATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WATKINSON</persName> </hi>. I am the brother of the last witness. On Friday evening, 5th Dec., I came in, and took a half crown from the till—it was counterfeit—there was no other half crown there—I placed it on one side of the bar, and gave it to the constable on Saturday evening—on Saturday evening I saw M'Kenzie and Clark come into one of the private boxes—they were served with two glasses of gin by my youngest sister—M'Kenzie put down a crown—I saw it was bad, and sent the potman for the constable—while he was gone, M'Kenzie asked what we kept them for—I said it was a bad crown piece, and I had sent for a constable—M'Donald came in, and he called for a glass of stout—he drank a part of it, and he went and tried to open the door of the private box where the other two prisoners were—I said to him, "My good man, this is a private box"—he then drank the rest of his stout, and took hold of the door of the private box and pulled it open, and M'Kenzie and Clark were about to go out—I stopped them, and the barman came back, and with him the constable—they were given in charge—at the station, M'Donald took his oath that he gave the young</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150032"/>
<p>woman behind the bar the half crown the night before—he said it, I sup
<lb/>pose to get Clark away—he said Clark was with him, but he had passed the half crown—M'Donald pulled the door open, and when I stopped him he struck me—I gave the half crown and the crown to the constable.</p>
<hi rend="italic">M'Donald.</hi> You knocked me down before I struck you. Witness. No; I pushed you down, but you had struck me first—I did not see that you had a paper in your hand, and that you wanted to get a light—I took my sister down to the station to identify you as having been there the night before.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Clark.</hi> You did not say it was a bad crown till the policeman came in. Witness. Yes, I did—you offered to pay for the liquor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-152" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-152" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TOWNSEND</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">police sergeant, H</hi> 6). On 6th Dec., I was called to Mrs. Watkinson's—M'Kenzieand Clark were given into my charge for pass
<lb/>ing bad money—M'Kenzie said that Clark knew nothing of it, that she waa an unfortunate woman, and he merely took her in there to treat her—Clark said that M'Kenzie was her husband—she wanted to pay for the liquor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-153" type="surname" value="GERGLITY"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-153" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>PATRICK GERGLITY</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, H</hi> 159.) I took charge of M'Donald; I took him to the station—when he got there he seemed to be under the im
<lb/>pression that Clark was in custody for passing the half crown the night before—he said, "I don't like to see a poor unfortunate woman locked up for nothing; it was us"—M'Donald said that the young man assaulted him in the house, and robbed him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-154" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-154" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>, These coins are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The statement of M'Donald before the Magistrate was hem read as fol
<lb/>lows: "On the Friday night I deny giving her the bad half crown.</hi>")</p>
<hi rend="italic">M'Donald's Defence.</hi> I was in the house on Friday night, and gave the half crown; I did not know it was bad; I went in on the Saturday night, and was going to have a glass of stout and light my pipe; I was knocked down, and lost the handkerchief off my neck, and eight or nine shillings out of my pocket; there were other persons in the bar at the time I was, and it is possible some other persons might have given a half crown.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">M'DONALD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-122-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-122-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 33.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-122-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-122-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-122-18561215 t18561215-122-punishment-31"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">M'KENZIE</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-122-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-122-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 24.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-122-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-122-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-122-18561215 t18561215-122-punishment-32"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLARK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-122-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-122-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-122-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-123">
<interp inst="t18561215-123" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-123" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-123-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-123-18561215 t18561215-123-offence-1 t18561215-123-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-123-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-123-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-123-18561215" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-123-18561215" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="def1-123-18561215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN TAYLOR</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-123-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-123-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-123-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>. and
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-156" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-156" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES MARSHALL</persName> </hi>. I live in Foley-street, and am a grocer and cheese-monger. On Saturday, 22nd Nov., the prisoner came, between 8 and 9' o'clock—he purchased a few articles, which came to 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a crown piece—I gave him change, and he went away—after he was gone I discovered that the crown piece was bad—I wrapped it in paper, and put it at the back of the till—the prisoner had been a customer of mine before for about five or six weeks—on Saturday evening, 29th Nov., he came again, about the same time—he purchased some articles, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a half crown and a shilling—he then took back the shilling, and gave me 4 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and he left—after he was gone I looked at the half crown, and found it was bad—I went after him, but did not see him—I came back, and put the half crown in the same paper with the crown piece—on the following Saturday, 6th Dec., the prisoner came to my shop again, about 9 o'clock—he purchased some things, which came to 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and tendered me a crown—I recollected him perfectly well, and noticed the crown piece—it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150033"/>
<p>was bad—I told him that was the third Saturday night he had passed bad money, and I intended to give him in charge-—I gave him into custody, and gave that crown, and the crown and half crown that I had received before, to the officer—the prisoner said I was mistaken, and he was a hardworking man, and he wanted me to go somewhere with him, which I declined.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Where did you pat the first 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece when I gave it to you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Into my till—I got the change which I gave you on the other side of the counter—I rang the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece before I put it into the till—there was no other 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece in the till when I put it in—I think I did not give you the change out of a canvas bag that I took out of the till: I gave it you out of the till—I never gave you change out of a canvas bag—on the fol
<lb/>lowing Saturday you gave me a half crown and a shilling, and the half crown was bad—I did not give you in charge then, because I could not charge my memory of whom I had taken the crown—on the following Saturday you said you were a carpenter, and if I had a little job, you should be glad of it—I said I had not at present'</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-157" type="surname" value="SUGAR"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-157" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SUGAR</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">police sergeant, E</hi> 36). I took the prisoner into custody, and got these two crowns and this half crown from Mr. Marshall—the prisoner offered to pay good money, and denied having given bad money before—there was 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in good money found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-158" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-158" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are all bad, and the two crowns are from one mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> I cannot account for having the two coins in my possession, I can for the crown; a man I knew came to town on the Satur
<lb/>day night; he owed me a half crown; he gave me a 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, and I gave him a half crown; that is how I got that; as to the others, I am innocent of knowing they were bad; I have always worked hard for my living.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-123-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-123-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-123-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 46—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-123-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-123-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-123-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-123-18561215 t18561215-123-punishment-33"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-124">
<interp inst="t18561215-124" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-124" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-124-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-124-18561215 t18561215-124-offence-1 t18561215-124-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-124-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-124-18561215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-124-18561215" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-124-18561215" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-124-18561215" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY MILLS</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18561215-124-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-124-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-124-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>. and
<hi rend="smallCaps">W. J. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-160" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-160" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-160" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-160" type="given" value="SARAH"/>SARAH SINCLAIR</persName> </hi>. I keep a haberdasher's shop, in Adam-street West On 10th Dec., between 10 and 11 o'clock in the morning, the prisoner came for a penny reel of cotton—she gave me a sixpence—I gave her 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and she went away—I put the sixpence in the till—there was no other there—I afterwards tried it with my teeth, and it bent—I pointed the prisoner out to my husband, and at the police court.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I was not in her shop at all that day. Witness. I am quite Bore she is the woman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-161" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-161" type="surname" value="DOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-161" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN DOWLES</persName> </hi>. I keep a shop, near to the last witness. On 10th Dec. I saw the prisoner in my shop, about a quarter before 11 o'clock—she bought 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. worth of Spanish liquorice—she gave me a sixpence—I kept it in my hand till the policeman came and brought the prisoner back—he asked me to look at the sixpence—I looked at it, and bit it in two pieces.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> You put the sixpence in the till before I left the shop; I was not five minutes out of the shop when you sent the policeman after me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-162" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-162" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-162" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS HAYES</persName> </hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 236). I took the prisoner into custody on that Wednesday—there were two women with her—they stopped at the corner of the street while the prisoner went into Mr. Dowles' shop—when she came out I took her, and the other two women ran away—these are the two sixpences I received from the last two witnesses.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185612150034"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you see me speak to those women?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, jnst before you went into the shop.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-163" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-163" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two sixpences are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I am not guilty; I did not know that the sixpence I gave to the man was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18561215-124-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-124-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-124-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 24.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18561215-124-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-124-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-124-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-124-18561215 t18561215-124-punishment-34"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, December</hi> 11
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1856.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>.; Mr. Justice
<hi rend="smallCaps">CROMPTON</hi>.;</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FRANCIS GRAHAM MOON</hi>, Bart., Ald.; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Crompton and the Third jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18561215-125">
<interp inst="t18561215-125" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18561215"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-125" type="date" value="18561215"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18561215-125-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-125-18561215 t18561215-125-offence-1 t18561215-125-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-125-18561215" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-125-18561215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-125-18561215" type="surname" value="CARNIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-125-18561215" type="given" value="MONTAGUE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MONTAGUE CARNIE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18561215-125-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18561215-125-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-125-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously and knowingly uttering a forged bank note.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. GIFFARD</hi>. and
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAYLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18561215-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18561215-name-165" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-165" type="surname" value="CLARICOATS"/>
<interp inst="t18561215-name-165" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN CLARICOATS</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of John Claricoats, a collector of taxes, residing in Richmond-terrace, Walworth. On Tuesday evening, 14th Oct. last, the prisoner called to pay the property tax—he asked me if I would give him a receipt and change for a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—my husband had left the receipt with me—I said I had not change, as my husband was out, but I could get change of my neighbour, Mrs. Young—he gave me a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note, and sat down in the parlour while I went over to Mrs. Young's with the note—I noticed the name of "Man," or "Mean, St George's-road," on the back of the note—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—I wrote this name of "Church" on it, as the taxes stood in the name of Church, and I wrote my own name also—Mrs. Young gave me the change—I went back to the prisoner, and gave him 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d<