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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f18550129">
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<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MOON, MAYOR. FOURTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—an obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1855.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="largeCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FARNCOMB</hi>; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FINNIS</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Ald.; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIRE</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder and the First Jury.</hi> </p>
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<p>231.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
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<interp inst="def1-231-18550129" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18550129" type="surname" value="BEDBOROUGH"/>
<interp inst="def1-231-18550129" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BEDBOROUGH</persName>,
<persName id="def2-231-18550129" type="defendantName">
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<interp inst="def2-231-18550129" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18550129" type="surname" value="MERRITT"/>
<interp inst="def2-231-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/> WILLIAM MERRITT</persName> </hi>, and:
<persName id="def3-231-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-231-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-231-18550129" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def3-231-18550129" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="def3-231-18550129" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEN
<lb/>JAMIN ROGERS</hi> </persName>, were indicted for
<rs id="t18550129-231-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-231-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-231-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> a robbery upon
<persName id="t18550129-name-4" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-4" type="surname" value="O'KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-4" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-231-offence-1 t18550129-name-4"/>Jeremiah O'Keefe</persName>, and stealing from his person a watch, his property.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-5" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-5" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-5" type="surname" value="O'KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-5" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH O'KEEFE</persName> </hi>. I am a cooper by trade, and live in Shorter's rents, Whitechapel. On the night of the last day of the year, I was going up Keate's court, Whitechapel, about half-past 8 o'clock; it is near Spital
<lb/>fields-church, about five minutes' walk from where I live—I had met a young woman from Limerick, who I have known for the last five years, and I went with her to her place—she lived in that court—I went through the court, and went up stairs with her—I then left her—she stopped up stairs, and I went down and stood at the door waiting for her to come down—it was her own place, but I expect it was a bad place—I went three steps from the door, and saw these three gentlemen (
<hi rend="italic">the three prisoners</hi>) in the passage of a house opposite—I knew them before by sight; Rogers for the last two years, Bedborough for ten or eleven months, and Merritt for about three years—there is one gas lamp in the court—I was as sober as I am now—the prisoners sprang from the opposite door as I came from the doorway—Rogers caught me by the neck on one side, and Merritt caught me by the neck on the other side—I did very well with those two
<hi rend="italic">chaps</hi>, but Bedborough sprang on the back of my neck, put his two knees in my back, and pulled me down on the flat of my back in the court, and pulled the buttons right off my waistcoat—I called out "Murder!" and "Robbery!"—they took my watch from me before they knocked me down; when the third fellow sprang on my back—it was Rogers that took my watch—it</p>
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<p>was a silver one, engine turned, capped and jewelled; it had a silver chain to it, and a gold key—I am sure I had my watch safe when I came down stairs—I had hold of it in my hand as I came down stairs—the chain was in my hand, and the watch in my pocket—I had hold of it to keep it clear of these men—I cannot say whether the chain was broken; it was not a guard chain, only a chain about eight inches long—it was not fastened; it went in between my buttons—the watch, chain, and key were attached together—when I called out "Murder!" they ran away as fast as they could through the court—I went straight to Leman-street station—the young woman did not come down stairs before I was knocked down—I saw the prisoners, Rogers and Merritt, in custody at half-past 1 o'clock that same morning—I am certain they are two of the men—I saw Bedborough, I think it was at half-past 5 o'clock in the morning, with the officer—he was in bed—I am certain he is the other man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Rogers.</hi> He states that it was me who seized him by the neck, and likewise that I stole his watch out of his pocket; I could not do two things at once.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> It was Rogers who first seized me, and he is the one that took my watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Merritt. Q.</hi> When you went up stairs with the prostitute, did not the man she lived with follow her up stairs?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; no person at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-6" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-6" type="surname" value="COVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-6" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COVILL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, H</hi> 76). I received information from the prosecutor on 31st December, about five minutes before 10 o'clock at night, at the station, in consequence of which I apprehended the prisoners—I first took Rogers about a quarter past 12 o'clock; he was walking down Keate-street alone, within about 100 yards of the court where this happened—I do not know where he lives—he asked me what I took him for; I said on suspicion of stealing a watch—he" said he knew nothing about it—I took Merritt about a quarter of an hour afterwards—I went to the house where he lived with his mother, and when I came out of the house I met him—he asked what it was for; I said on suspicion of stealing a watch—he said, "It was not me"—the prosecutor had given me a description of the men—I took Bedborough about an hour and a half afterwards; he was at home in bed, at No. 1, Keate-street—I told him what it was for; he said he knew nothing about it; he was not there—I remember the prosecutor coming to the station when Rogers and Merritt were there; that was about a quarter past 1 o'clock—they were shown to him—there were several other parties at the station—I told him to go in and see if he could identify any of those as the men who had robbed him of his watch, and he first picked out Rogers and then Merritt—he picked them out from others—there were three others—they were three civilians—I do not know whether they were prisoners; there were charges against them at the time—the prisoners were not standing by themselves; they were all standing together, with their faces towards the door—I told the prosecutor to go in and see if any of those were the men that had robbed him of his watch—he went in, and immediately he got inside the door he said, "That is the one that seized me first," pointing to Rogers, and "That is the one that seized me second," pointing to Merritt—Rogers said he must be a bad one to want to
<hi rend="italic">lag</hi> them for that, and Merritt said he must be a bad man to lock them up for it—the prosecutor went with me to Bedborough—I told Bedborough to dress himself—he said, "What for?"—I said on suspicion of a watch—he said, "What, for that
<hi rend="italic">souper</hi> up the court?"—I understood
<hi rend="italic">souper</hi> to mean a watch; it is a slang phrase for a watch—I then called the prosecutor up stairs to see if he was the man, and directly he entered the</p>
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<p>door he said, "That is the man that put his knees in my back, and seized me by the throat behind"—I searched the prisoners, but found nothing on them—I have known them about twelve months.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">At this period of the case, Joseph Mate, one of the Jury, was taken ill; Mr. F. J. Dent, a surgeon, having attended the gentleman, deposed upon oath that he was suffering from premonitory symptoms of delirium tremens, and was unable to resume his duty. The Jury were then discharged from giving any verdict. Joseph Surr was substituted as a Juror instead of Mr. Mate, the whole Jury were re-sworn, and the prisoners again given in charge. The evidence already given was then read over to the witnesses, who stated that it was correct. Mr. Payne held the depositions for the Court, and Mr. Clarkson appeared for the prisoners upon the second occasion.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-7" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-7" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-7" type="surname" value="COVILL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-7" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE COVILL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">continued.</hi> I have seen the three prisoners together upon several occasions—Merritt lives in Keate-court—Bedborough lives in the opposite corner; his father keeps a chandler's shop at the corner of Keate-court, where Bedborough had been living up to within about a month—I did not find him at his father's, but at the opposite corner of Keate-court—it is a lodging house—I did not know where Rogers lived.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long have you been in the police?
<hi rend="italic">A. A</hi> little better than four years—it is nearly twelve months ago that I first learnt that
<hi rend="italic">souper</hi> meant watch—I do not myself speak of a watch as a
<hi rend="italic">souper</hi>—I learnt it on the very beat that I am now upon, where I took these parties from—the last time I had seen the prisoners together was on the Saturday evening previous to the Sunday when the robbery was committed—I have been on that beat nearly two months—I have been on the beat before, but only two months this time—I first saw the prosecutor at the station in Leman-street—he was then perfectly sober—I was in court when he was examined—I did not hear him state that he was sober—I have not found the watch—the prosecutor is a cooper, I believe—I knew him before, I dare say for nearly two years—he is not an acquaintance of mine, no more than seeing him in his shop on passing—he lived in Glasshouse-street—I was never in his shop—I did not know him at first, when he came to the station, not till he gave his address.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How many times altogether have you seen the prisoners together?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have seen them nearly every night until I took them into custody, with the exception of Bedborough—I have not seen him so often as I have the other two—I have seen those two together almost every night, at a public house called the White Swan, at the corner of Keate-court, passing in and out—I have seen Bedborough with the other two upon several occa
<lb/>sions up to the last month—I saw them all together, at the same public house, on the Thursday night previous to the robbery; and on the Saturday, the night before the robbery, I saw Rogers and Merritt together—I was told by a brother officer that
<hi rend="italic">souper</hi> meant watch—I heard some parties talking about
<hi rend="italic">soupers</hi>, and I asked my brother constable what it was, and he said it was a cant word for a watch.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-8" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-8" type="surname" value="O'KEEFE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-8" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>JEREMIAH O'KEEFE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined.</hi> The young woman is not here with whom I went up stairs—I believe I was up stairs with her about ten minutes—she is a young woman of loose character—my watch was in my waistcoat pocket—I had known the young woman before, for five years—I was forty-eight years of age last Nov., I was born in 1805—I did not go to the house of the mother of either of the prisoners—I did not offer to any
<lb/>body that if they would give me 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I would not appear—1 said no such thing—if I had got 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I should still have appeared, for the ill usage I got</p>
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<p>—I did not say I would—my wife was satisfied that I would, but I would not—I know the mother of one of the prisoners, I do not know which—she came to my place—three women came to my place last night, I did not go to their place—I was not at home when they came—I was called from the Sidney Smith public house to my place to make an agreement with them—it was one of their friends who came for me—I know that, because they have been to my house several times—I did not say if I got 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I would not appear—it took place, but I did not mention it—I said nothing at all, but my wife was speaking,—I sat in a chair—my wife told one of the women, that if she got 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I should not appear—that was before I came in—she repeated it when I came in—I said nothing at all to it—the woman said she had made two raffles, and had only got 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Tell us what happened when you got home?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The three women were there—it was a tall young woman that spoke first; I understand she lives with one of the prisoners; the other women were the mothers of Rogers and Merritt—they said if they gave me 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and I gave them a signature, would I be satisfied, and not come against them—I said that would not give me any satisfaction at all for the usage I got—I gave nine guineas for my watch and chain—I said the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. would not satisfy me for the usage, if I had got 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. it would not have satisfied me—I did not at any time consent to take any money, and not to appear against them—my wife said, "That would suit me"—I did not offer to take the money—my wife did not state in my presence that I would take the money, and stay away—she said the least recompense that could be made would be to give her 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and then I would not come, but I did not say that I would take it and stay away—I said nothing at all—no money was paid, not a farthing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did not you this morning outside this Court offer to take the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which the woman said was all she had?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; one of the women met me this morning when I left home at 9 o'clock, and said, "Mr. Keefe, we have done the best we could, and we could not make up but 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>."—I hook my head and walked away, I did not offer to take the 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BEDBOROUGH</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-231-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-231-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-231-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MERRITT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-231-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-231-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-231-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-231-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-231-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-231-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-231-18550129 t18550129-231-punishment-1"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROGERS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-231-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-231-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-231-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">Rogers was farther charged with having been before convicted.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-9" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-9" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-9" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-9" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TOWNSEND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, H</hi>) 54. I produce a certificate—(
<hi rend="italic">this certified the conviction of Richard Bardwell, at the Middlesex Sessions, in May</hi>, 1854,
<hi rend="italic">of larceny, and that he was sentenced to four months imprisonment.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROGERS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-231-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-231-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-231-punishment-2" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-231-18550129 t18550129-231-punishment-2"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>232.
<persName id="def1-232-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-232-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18550129" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18550129" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="def1-232-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM SHEPHERD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-232-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-232-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-232-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 2 forks, value 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-11" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-11" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-11" type="surname" value="STILLWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-11" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-232-offence-1 t18550129-name-11"/> William Stillwell</persName>, his master: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-232-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-232-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-232-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and received a good character.</hi> Aged 16.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-232-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-232-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-232-punishment-3" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-232-18550129 t18550129-232-punishment-3"/>Confined</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Three Months.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<p>233.
<persName id="def1-233-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-233-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18550129" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18550129" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="def1-233-18550129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS EVANS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-233-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-233-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-233-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 2 quarts of wheat, and a peck of peas, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-13" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-13" type="surname" value="CANE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-13" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-233-offence-1 t18550129-name-13"/>Isaac Cane</persName> </rs>. He
<rs id="t18550129-233-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-233-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-233-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedPartGuilty"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">PLEADED GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">to stealing the wheat only</hi> </rs>. Aged 36.—
<rs id="t18550129-233-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-233-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-233-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-233-18550129 t18550129-233-punishment-4"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Three months</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-234">
<interp inst="t18550129-234" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-234" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-234-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18550129 t18550129-234-offence-1 t18550129-234-verdict-1"/>
<p>234.
<persName id="def1-234-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-234-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18550129" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18550129" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-234-18550129" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID JONES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-234-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-234-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-234-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>for feloniously forging and utter
<lb/>ing an acquaintance, and receipt for money on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-1" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-234-offence-1 t18550129-cd-1"/>29th April</rs>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, for a like offence on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-2" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-234-offence-1 t18550129-cd-2"/>25th May</rs>;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, for a like offence on
<placeName id="t18550129-geo-1">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-234-offence-1 t18550129-geo-1"/>10th Jan</placeName>.; and
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, for a like offence on
<placeName id="t18550129-geo-2">
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-234-offence-1 t18550129-geo-2"/>18th Jan</placeName>.; with intent to defraud: to all which he</rs> </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290005"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-234-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-234-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-234-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 38.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutor stated, that the prisoner, who was his coachman, had robbed</hi> him to the extent of 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">in three years, by means of fictitious bills and receipts for corn.</hi>)
<rs id="t18550129-234-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-234-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-234-punishment-5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-234-18550129 t18550129-234-punishment-5"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude</rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-235">
<interp inst="t18550129-235" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-235" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-235-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18550129 t18550129-235-offence-1 t18550129-235-verdict-1"/>
<p>235.
<persName id="def1-235-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-235-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18550129" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18550129" type="surname" value="EPPS"/>
<interp inst="def1-235-18550129" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES EPPS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-235-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-235-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-235-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing on 19th Dec., 48 ozs. weight off silver, value 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; and within six months, 1 ewer, 2 pair of sugar tongs, 1 vinai
<lb/>grette, 1 knife, and other articles, value 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; and within six months, 50 ozs. of silver, value 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-16" type="surname" value="BENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-16" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-235-offence-1 t18550129-name-16"/>John Henry Benham</persName>, his master;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, stealing, on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-3" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-235-offence-1 t18550129-cd-3"/>20th Oct</rs>., 48 ozs. of silver, value 12
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of his said master: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-235-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-235-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-235-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 25.
<hi rend="italic">The prosecutor stated, that his losses amounted to more than</hi> 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-235-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-235-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-235-punishment-6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-235-18550129 t18550129-235-punishment-6"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-236">
<interp inst="t18550129-236" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-236" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-236-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18550129 t18550129-236-offence-1 t18550129-236-verdict-1"/>
<p>236.
<persName id="def1-236-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-236-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18550129" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18550129" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-236-18550129" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH RICHARDSON</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-236-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-236-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-236-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously forging and uttering a request for the delivery of 2 pieces of Coburg cloth;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, one other request for the delivery of goods;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, one other request for the delivery of goods;
<hi rend="italic">also</hi>, one other request for the delivery of goods, with intent to defraud: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-236-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-236-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-236-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-236-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-236-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-236-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-236-18550129 t18550129-236-punishment-7"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-237">
<interp inst="t18550129-237" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-237" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-237-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18550129 t18550129-237-offence-1 t18550129-237-verdict-1"/>
<p>237.
<persName id="def1-237-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-237-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18550129" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18550129" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="def1-237-18550129" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOSEPH HOLLAND</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-237-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-237-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-237-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 42 lbs. of horse hair, value 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-19" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-19" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-19" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-237-offence-1 t18550129-name-19"/>John Thomas</persName>, his master.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-20" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-20" type="given" value="DAVID WILLIAM"/>DAVID WILLIAM SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Mr. John Thomas, upholsterer, of No. 73 and 74, Bishopsgate-street. The prisoner was in their employment; it was his duty to feed the machine which cleans the horse hair; other boys were employed to carry it away, the prisoner only had to feed it—he has been in the employment turned eleven years, and had 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week, but did not lodge there—on the night of 15th Jan., I observed a ladder in the yard, leaning against the shed which is at the side of the premises where one of the machines runs—I asked the prisoner what business the ladder had there; he said that he had a tile to put on—I said, "Well, go up and do it"—he went up, and was out of my sight; when he came down I asked him what he had come down for; he said that he could not find the tile, and he would put a bit of board over the hole; he went up again, taking a bit of board with him—he had no light, it was about six o'clock in the evening, and was dusk—he remained up there a few minutes, and I heard something heavy drop from the roof into the ruins, which is where forty houses are being pulled down—the prisoner had taken up nothing but the board; he could not have had anything in his hand without my seeing him—I left him on the roof, and ran round to the ruins; I found nothing at first, but turned round and saw a little boy, who said, "Mr. Smith, there was a tall man ran out of that corner"—I went into the corner, which was about twenty yards off, and found two bags of hair weighing 42 lbs. with the bags; the value of the hair is 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. per lb.—the little boy is not here; I know him, he lives in Newman's-place, Bishopsgate-street; they told me at the Mansion-house that he would not be required, or I would have brought him—I gave one of the bags to him, took the other myself, and we brought them back to the factory—the prisoner was then standing by the engine house door; he had had no opportunity of running away, as I always lock the factory door when I go in and out, and I did so at that time; everybody was gone off the premises but the prisoner and myself, and I had the key in my pocket—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290006"/>
<p>I said, "Holland, this is your doing, throwing this hair over"; he said, "No, it is not, Mr. Smith"—I gave him into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-21" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-21" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN EDWARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 651). On 15th Jan. I went to Smith's buildings to search the apartments where the prisoner lived with his father—I found there 11b. of hair—the prisoner was not there, he was in custody—as I was taking him to Newgate after the remand, he said that he would not deny the charge, he would not tell a lie about it; that he carried the hair from the warehouse on to the roof, and then threw it on to the ruins in Angel-alley—I asked him who was going to carry it away, what he was going to do with it; he said that his conscience would not let him carry it away.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I did not say so; he asked me whether I did throw it out, and I told him if I had thrown it out my conscience would not have let me take it away.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I am sure I did not put the question to you first; I had not been speaking to you about the charge, except that you asked me what I thought you should get, and I said I did not know; you then said that you would not deny the charge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoners Defence.</hi> I hope you will deal with me as lightly as you can; I am the only one my mother is depending upon, and she has eight children; when I went on the roof there was no property there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-237-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-237-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-237-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 18.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury.—
<rs id="t18550129-237-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-237-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-237-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-237-18550129 t18550129-237-punishment-8"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, January</hi> 29
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1855.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FARNCOMB</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIRE</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Fifth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-238">
<interp inst="t18550129-238" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-238" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-238-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18550129 t18550129-238-offence-1 t18550129-238-verdict-1"/>
<p>238.
<persName id="def1-238-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-238-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18550129" type="age" value="47"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18550129" type="surname" value="PELHAM"/>
<interp inst="def1-238-18550129" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD PELHAM</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-238-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-238-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-238-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 63 lbs. of leaden pipe, value 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-23" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-23" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-23" type="surname" value="JAY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-23" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-238-offence-1 t18550129-name-23"/>John Jay</persName>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-24" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-24" type="surname" value="MIDDLETON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN MIDDLETON</persName> </hi>. I am foreman of the plumbers in the employ of Mr. John Jay, the contractor for the Houses of Parliament. He is erecting a large plot of buildings in Cannon-street—at a little before 8 o'clock in the morning of 17th Jan., I was in Bread-street—the foreman of the carpenters was with me—I had left the premises in Cannon-street about five minutes—that was about 100 yards from Cannon-street—I saw the prisoner pass with this lead pipe on his shoulder—he was going towards Thames-street—I fol
<lb/>lowed him, and asked him where he was going to take the pipe—he said to the Brown Bear, in Southwark Bridge-road—I told him I thought I knew the pipe, and he had better take it back again to where he got it—he walked back to Cannon-street, and put the pipe down not five yards from where I had seen it five minutes before—I had not in any way indicated to him where it came from—there were some workmen there—I left the prisoner in charge of the foreman of the plasterers, while I got a policeman—I know this pipe—I assisted in making twenty-five lengths of it a few days before—it is worth about 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I never knew where it came from; I followed you to the place.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No; you walked back to the place—I was about a yard and a half behind you.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290007"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-25" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-25" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-25" type="surname" value="MURRELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-25" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM MURRELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 447). I was called, and took the prisoner—he gave his name Richard Pelham, No. 21, Isabella-street, Borough—I went, and found he lodged there—the Golden Last is about 100 yards from the premises in Cannon-street.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners statement before the Magistrate was here read as follow</hi>: "This pipe was given to me at the end of the street facing the Golden Last, in Cannon-street; a man asked me to take it over the water; I was not near Mr. Jay's premises; when the foreman stopped me, he said, 'I think I know that pipe; I think I made it;' and he said I had better take it back; I went with him, and put it down; I was never near the premises before; I did not steal it."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-238-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-238-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-238-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 47.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-238-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-238-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-238-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-238-18550129 t18550129-238-punishment-9"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-239">
<interp inst="t18550129-239" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-239" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-239-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18550129 t18550129-239-offence-1 t18550129-239-verdict-1"/>
<p>239.
<persName id="def1-239-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-239-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18550129" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18550129" type="surname" value="PATERMAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-239-18550129" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY PATERMAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-239-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-239-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-239-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 3 pairs of trowsers and other goods, value 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the property of
<persName id="t18550129-name-27" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-27" type="surname" value="PAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-27" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-239-offence-1 t18550129-name-27"/>John Pain</persName>: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-239-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-239-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-239-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 33.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-239-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-239-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-239-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-239-18550129 t18550129-239-punishment-10"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-240">
<interp inst="t18550129-240" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-240" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-240-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18550129 t18550129-240-offence-1 t18550129-240-verdict-1"/>
<p>240.
<persName id="def1-240-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-240-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18550129" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18550129" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="def1-240-18550129" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID ISAACS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-240-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-240-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-240-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 cigar case, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-29" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-29" type="surname" value="STEVENS BASSON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-29" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-240-offence-1 t18550129-name-29"/> Thomas Stevens Basson</persName>: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-240-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-240-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-240-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-240-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-240-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-240-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-240-18550129 t18550129-240-punishment-11"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-241">
<interp inst="t18550129-241" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-241" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-241-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18550129 t18550129-241-offence-1 t18550129-241-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-241-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-241-18550129 t18550129-241-offence-1 t18550129-241-verdict-2"/>
<p>241.
<persName id="def1-241-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-241-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18550129" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18550129" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-241-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-241-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-241-18550129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def2-241-18550129" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def2-241-18550129" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def2-241-18550129" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DAVIS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-241-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-241-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-241-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglary in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18550129-name-32" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-32" type="surname" value="COMYN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-32" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-241-offence-1 t18550129-name-32"/>Richard Comyn</persName>, and stealing 19 forks, 1 umbrella, value 6
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; his goods: 2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, for receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-33" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-33" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-33" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>SOPHIA WARREN</persName> </hi>. I am cook to Mr. Richard Comyn, No. 5, Marl-borough-place, St. John's-wood, in the parish of St. Marylebone. On Monday night, 18th Dec., I fastened up the house at 11 o'clock—the house
<lb/>maid, and master and mistress, were in the house—I was not the last up—the nurse was up last—she went to bed a little after 12 o'clock—I fastened the lower door, which leads into the garden—I came down next morning, about half-past 7 o'clock, and found that door open, which I had fastened the night before at 11 o'clock—I went in the pantry, and missed all the plate—I called my master, and he came down immediately—I missed a cloak and pair of boots of mine, which had been safe the night before—I afterwards missed an umbrella, which had been left in the pantry—some jars, which had been inside the scullery window, had been removed into the garden—an iron bar outside the scullery window had been broken—my master picked up these ropes and sticks, which did not belong to the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-34" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-34" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-34" type="surname" value="HOPGOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-34" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HOPGOOD</persName> </hi>. I am housemaid to Mr. Comyn. On Monday night, 18th Dec., I saw the plate safe, about 11 o'clock, in the basket in the pantry—I went to bed about a quarter past 12 o'clock—I got up about 3 o'clock, and went down to the dining room to fetch some fruit—I heard a noise like a scrambling—I thought it was the cat, and spoke to her—I did not come down in the morning till after the cook—I have seen the articles and the umbrella—this is it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-35" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-35" type="surname" value="LAMBURN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-35" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM LAMBURN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">police sergeant, S</hi> 11). On the night of Tuesday, 19th Dec., I went, in consequence of information, to No. 7, Snow's-rents, Westminster, about 20 minutes before 12 o'clock, at night; I went into the front room on the first floor—I knocked at the door; John Davis let me in—Ann Davis was in bed—I told them I took them in charge for breaking into Mr. Comyn's house, in St. John's-wood—John Davis said he had not been to St. John's-wood—I searched the room, and found this umbrella hanging on a nail—I took it down, and said to John Davis, "This is a nice umbrella; is it yours?"—he said, "Yes"—I asked him if he was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290008"/>
<p>certain—he said, "Yes"—I found a box under the bed, and in it I found these ten large forks, nine small forks, nine table spoons, eight dessert spoons, some ladles, a pair of sugar tongs, and other things, which are all here—I found a list in John Davis's trowsers pocket, which enumerates the different articles of plate which I found in the box—the list was written in pencil—I took the prisoners to the station—the woman did not say anything to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-36" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-36" type="surname" value="HOPGOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-36" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HOPGOOD</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> These articles are my master's; they were safe in the pantry—this umbrella is my mistress's—I have used it, and know it well.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">John Davis. Q.</hi> How can you swear to this plate?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I can swear to these sugar tongs and one ladle—they have been rubbed at the edges; and these other articles correspond with the property that was lost that night—I can swear to the umbrella by the band that is round it—I have not the slightest doubt about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-37" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-37" type="surname" value="HOLDER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-37" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HOLDER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, S</hi> 350). I went with the sergeant to the house, and found these things, as he has stated—I took Ann Davis to the station; I said nothing to her, but when we got into the street she said she had only known the man three months, and she wished she had never known him, for she expected it would come to this.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-38" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-38" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-38" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-38" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>REBECCA COX</persName> </hi>. I live in Snow's-rents. The prisoners lived with me about two months—the man took the room, at 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—they lived as man and wife, and had the room to themselves.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">John Davis's Defence.</hi> The things were brought there by a man for me to take care of them for a few days; I have never seen him since; I took down the things on a bit of paper.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Ann Davis's Defence.</hi> I know nothing about the things.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-241-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-241-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-241-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 26.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-241-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-241-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-241-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi> Aged 24.
<hi rend="italic">of Receiving.</hi> </p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">John Davis was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">>WILLIAM DUNSFORD</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman. D</hi> 257). I produce a certificate of John Davis's conviction—I was present, and he was in my custody—(
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>: "
<hi rend="italic">Guildhall, Westminster, Dec</hi>, 1853,
<hi rend="italic">Thomas Hodges, convicted of stealing a pair of shears, and other articles; confined two months></hi>")—The prisoner John is the person.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-241-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-241-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-241-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-241-18550129 t18550129-241-punishment-12"/>Four Years' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN DAVIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-241-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-241-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-241-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-241-18550129 t18550129-241-punishment-13"/>Confined One Month</rs>.'</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-242">
<interp inst="t18550129-242" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-242" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-242-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-242-18550129 t18550129-242-offence-1 t18550129-242-verdict-1"/>
<p>242.
<persName id="def1-242-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-242-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18550129" type="surname" value="TRUSLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-242-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM TRUSLER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-242-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-242-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-242-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 1 hand saw, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-40" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-40" type="surname" value="BECK"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-40" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-242-offence-1 t18550129-name-40"/>William Beck</persName> and another, his masters.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-41" type="surname" value="BECK"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-41" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>ABRAHAM BECK</persName> </hi>. I live at Northalt, and am a farmer. The prisoner was in my employ for about four months—I searched for a saw—I got a warrant to search the prisoner's house, and went with a policeman to search—I did not see him find this saw, but he brought it to me, and I know it to be mine and my brother's—I had missed it about three months—I have repeatedly spoken to the prisoner about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had not the prisoner lived in your family several years?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he was a labourer, off and on, to my father—I had about this time bought the lease of some cottages, which were very much out of repair—the prisoner had not borrowed this saw of me—I do not know whether he had borrowed it of my brother—he has been in the habit of using tools occasionally—I may have tools belonging to the prisoner—I do not know that I have tools belonging to him of more</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290009"/>
<p>value than this saw—I know that his cottage wanted repair, but I do not know that he did anything to it—this saw is in just the same state as it was when I lost it—the prisoner's wages were 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week—I had spoken about this saw in the presence of the prisoner and other men—I gave the prisoner a character two years ago—he was at that time working on my premises.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-42" type="surname" value="CROFT"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-42" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS CROFT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">police-sergeant, T</hi> 24). On 8th Jan. I searched the prisoner's house, at Ruislip—I found this saw under the bed up stairs—the prisoner said it had been lent to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> The prisoner's wife went up with you, and did not she take the saw from under the bed?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think she did—she did not make any observation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAM BECK</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you lend this saw to the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know whether I did or not; it is so long ago.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-43" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-43" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-43" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-43" type="given" value="MARK"/>MARK COX</persName> </hi>. I am a labourer, in the employ of the prosecutor. I recol
<lb/>lect the prisoner asking Master William for this saw—I did not hear what he said in answer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-44" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-44" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-44" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-44" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY COX</persName> </hi>. I know the prisoner asked his master to lend him this saw to saw a piece of board, and his master said he might have it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-242-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-242-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-242-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">stated that he left the bar without the slightest stain on his character.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1855.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">HUMPHERY</hi>; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIRE</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder and the Second Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-243">
<interp inst="t18550129-243" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-243-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18550129 t18550129-243-offence-1 t18550129-243-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-243-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-243-18550129 t18550129-243-offence-1 t18550129-243-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-243-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-243-18550129 t18550129-243-offence-2 t18550129-243-verdict-3"/>
<p>243.
<persName id="def1-243-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-243-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18550129" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18550129" type="surname" value="LIDDIARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-243-18550129" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY LIDDIARD</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-243-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-243-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-243-18550129" type="age" value="48"/>
<interp inst="def2-243-18550129" type="surname" value="ING"/>
<interp inst="def2-243-18550129" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARK ING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-243-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-243-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, stealing 392 lbs. weight of flour, and 2 barrels, value 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-47" type="surname" value="RATHBONE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-47" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-243-offence-1 t18550129-name-47"/>William Rathbone</persName>, their master: and </rs>
<persName id="def3-243-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-243-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-243-18550129" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def3-243-18550129" type="surname" value="ING"/>
<interp inst="def3-243-18550129" type="given" value="JESSE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JESSE ING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-243-offence-2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-243-offence-2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243-offence-2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/>, feloniously receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-49" type="surname" value="RATHBONE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-49" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RATHBONE</persName> </hi>. I am the proprietor of Trigg's Wharf, Upper Thames-street, and have also a stand at each Corn Exchange; lam a corn merchant and wharfinger. Liddiard and Mark Ing were in my employment up to their apprehension, which was on a Saturday, the third week in Nov., I think—I know Jesse Ing; he is, I believe, a brother of Mark Ing, and is a corn dealer, he has been so rather less than two years—a man named Hayward was in my employ, and was apprehended on the same day as Mark Ing and Liddiard; he was afterwards examined as a witness against the others—Hayward was the first taken into custody; that was in consequence of something which Mr. Wall, one of my clerks, told me—Hayward made a statement to me, in consequence of which I ordered Mark Ing and Liddi
<lb/>ard, who were on the premises, to be taken—when Liddiard was brought down, I told him I was informed that he had been robbing me—he said, "I have not; I have merely sold a few sweepings" (I never allow sweepings of flour to be sold)—I said, "It is useless for you to deny it, Hayward is in the next room) and has confessed to the system of robbery that has been</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290010"/>
<p>going on"—he then said, "I am sorry, it is true"—(I had made him no pro
<lb/>mise, nor had I told him that it would be better for him to confess)—he said, "I am sorry, it is true; I was instigated to do it by Mark Ing, who told me that it had been going on before, and had not been found out, and would not be found out now"—I then gave him into custody, and sent for Mark Ing—I told him I found that he had been robbing me, that he was the worst of the lot, and that I should prosecute him—he said, two or three times over, "I know nothing at all about it"—I gave him into custody—. my practice with reference to the delivery of goods is to send from Mark-lane one of these printed orders (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), addressed to the super
<lb/>intendent of the wharf, Mr. Cook—my servants have no authority, in the first instance, to deliver goods upon a delivery order, but if an order is lodged for a large parcel, the person in whose favour the order is made may afterwards draw any portion which is still undelivered, upon his own order alone—that order would be a warrant to my servant to deliver the rest, according to the wish of the purchaser; but each time when they fetched it, the buyer's servant, or carman, would sign one of these notes, and take away the duplicate—the receipt notes are kept in a book; my servants would fill in the name of the house, and the carman would sign the name underneath, and copy the duplicate—it was Liddiard's duty to fill up the ticket, and it would then be given to the buyer's servant, showing what goods are taken and what left—the counterfoil is not signed, the name is merely filled in, and it is retained in the book—the ticket merely shows the quantity delivered; it is Mr. Cook's duty to post it through the stock book from the counterfoil into the ledger every night, or the next morning, and to endorse the buyer's order with the quantity which appears in the book—the purchaser's order remains on a file in the counting house until the delivery is completed, and then it is placed on another file with the completed orders—though the order is addressed to the superintendent, Liddiard would have authority to deliver to that order—he knew that per
<lb/>fectly well; he was the working foreman—Mark Ing was also perfectly aware of that practice—he had been six years in my employment—he was recommended to me by his brother, the prisoner Jesse, who, at that time, was a weekly servant to me, a carman, and he had been in the habit of coming to my wharf, as carman, for the last fifteen years—Jesse Ing was never a customer of mine—I did not sell two barrels of flour to him about 11th Aug., nor did I authorise anybody else to do so, or give any delivery order to anybody for the delivery of two barrels of flour to Jesse Ing, or authorise anybody to do so—the right time for my men to come to the warehouse is 6 o'clock, but I think they come from half-past 6 to a quarter to 7 o'clock—the watchman leaves at 7 o'clock—the clerks come at half past 9 or 10 o'clock—I know Liddiard's writing—I have searched the file of delivery orders with reference to goods supplied to Jesse Ing, and find none—this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) came by post on a Monday evening, either the last day of the old year or the first of the new—it is in Liddiard's writing—I had another party, named Whitwell, in my employ in Aug., who was authorised to give delivery orders, as well as the two clerks and myself—it was the prisoner's duty, on the receipt of a delivery order, to give the quantity mentioned in the order, or a smaller quantity—the book is not here (
<hi rend="italic">it was ordered to be sent for</hi>).—(
<hi rend="italic">Letter read</hi>—"Newgate, Saturday. Dear Sir,—It is with sorrow that I am addressing you now. I should have spoken to you on Tuesday last, but my spirits would not allow me to do so. I implore of you this once to recommend me to the Court for mercy, if it</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290011"/>
<p>possibly lies in your power. I am very sorry to say I am in such a place as I am. For mercy your petitioner does most earnestly pray. Henry Liddiard.")—the two barrels of flour were worth between 43
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. and 48
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. perhaps not so much at that time, the price varies.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long has Liddiard been in your employ?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About thirteen or fourteen months; he was out of employ at the time I took him—I have heard that he was a soldier in the dragoons twelve years; he showed me his discharge—he was discharged with a good character; two good conduct badges, and pay—sweepings would not be put into barrels with an honest intention—Liddiard's first remark when I said, "I am informed that you have been robbing me," was, "I have merely sold a few sweepings"—I told him that Hayward was in the next room, and had confessed—Hayward would be the party who would deliver—the compari
<lb/>son of the delivery order with the quantity remaining, was made by Mr. Cook or Mr. Wall, not by the men; they have nothing to do with that, but Liddiard would see whether there was anything due to answer the order of the customer, if Mr. Cook or Wall were not there—it is the duty of Cook or Wall, when a man comes with a cart, to give instructions to Liddiard—the carman comes to the counting house first, and presents the order to the clerk, who gives directions—it was Liddiard's duty always to be there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> It was Liddiard's particular duty to receive the orders?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; he was my working foreman; Hayward and Mark Ing were under him—Whitwell is not here, he had nothing to do with the wharf; he used to write orders.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have known Jesse Ing about twenty years?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Perhaps I had better say fifteen or sixteen; he has been carrying on business as a corn dealer for rather less than two years—my premises are situated on the river, and in the street as well—Mr. Smith is a tenant of mine for a portion of the same premises, and carries on the business of a corn merchant likewise—his place for lading is in Upper Thames-street, and mine is down the wharf—a pair of folding doors separate my premises from his—my men land the corn into my premises from his, but our lading places are different—my buyers load down Trigg Wharf, and Mr. Smith's in Upper Thames-street—supposing a cart had loaded at Mr. Smith's, in Thames-street, it would not pass through my lading place at all; but to get from the water to Smith's premises they must pass over my premises—I believe that Jesse Ing has been in the habit of dealing with Mr. Smith for a considerable time—I knew Mr. Tann, a corn dealer, who is recently dead; Jesse Ing was in his employ, and it was while he was in his employ that he recommended his brother to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Does Mr. Smith deliver any goods from your loop
<lb/>holes?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; if they are lying on my floors, and if any goods of his were lying in my barges they would very likely be delivered through my loopholes, into carts—I had no barrels of flour of Mr. Smith's in Aug. last—Mr. Smith's foreman is Benjamin Cuffley—this book (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) contains the counterfoils of the receipt notes from May, 1854, to Jan. 1855—I have searched through it carefully, and there is no receipt note of any flour deli
<lb/>vered to Jesse Ing, or on his account—it is not the custom of my house to keep sweepings in flour barrels.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Have you looked at the date, 11th Aug.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have, but I will look again (
<hi rend="italic">doing so</hi>), there is no such entry here—here are nine
<lb/>teen deliveries on that day.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Are you aware of each particular transaction here</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290012"/>
<p>to which these entries refer?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I look through the book every morning—I do not verify every entry myself, I trust to my clerks—these entries are in Liddiard's writing more often than not; I think most of them are in his writing, but some are in Mr. Cook's and some in Mr. Wall's.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You said that Mr. Whitwell sometimes wrote orders?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, at Mark-lane; he was my counting house clerk at Mark-lane, he had nothing to do with the wharf—orders written at Mark-lane would be presented at the different wharfs; they would be filed, and when the deli
<lb/>very was completed, they would be taken off the delivery file and placed on the completed order file.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have looked at the file, and there are no orders?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> There are none, in favour of Jesse Ing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-50" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-50" type="given" value="NATHAN DAVID"/>NATHAN DAVID COOK</persName> </hi>. I am one of Mr. Rathbone's clerks, and have authority to effect sales for him. I have never sold any goods to Jesse Ing—I did not sell or authorise any two barrels of flour to be delivered to him, or to his representative, nor did I authorise any such being taken away without a delivery order—I have examined the file, and there is no delivery order for flour, or any other article to Jesse Ing—I have also examined the book containing the counterfoils of receipt notes; there is no receipt or acknowledgment upon his account for two barrels of flour on 11th Aug.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-51" type="surname" value="WALL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-51" type="given" value="EDWARD LEESON"/>EDWARD LEESON WALL</persName> </hi>. I am one of Mr. Rathbone's clerks, and am authorized to effect sales on his account at the wharf—I never sold or authorized the sale of any flour or other goods to Jesse Ing—I know of no delivery order for two barrels of flour to Jesse Ing on 11th Aug.—I have examined the file and the receipt book, but find no order or receipt—I received some direction from Mr. Rathbone with respect to Jesse Ing as a customer—I did not communicate that fact to Liddiard or Mark Ing.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Will you tell me what orders you did give on 11th Aug.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It is impossible form to recollect—I arrive at the conclusion that I never gave an order for the delivery of two barrels of flour on 11th Aug. by this file and the market book—the market book is not here, but I can also tell by this book, in which I make entries almost every day—these entries are made at the office upon the wharf—the market book is the book in which the sales are entered—there were nineteen deli
<lb/>veries on 11th Aug.; sometimes there are more, and sometimes less.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have never sold flour or any goods to Jesse Ing in your life?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Never—I and Mr. Wall go to the office from half past 9 to 10 o'clock—Liddiard and Ing come at 7 o'clock, and the whole responsibility would rest on Liddiard till we come.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-52" type="surname" value="GREENLEAF"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-52" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GREENLEAF</persName> </hi>. I am a carman, of No. 1, Seabright-street, Hackney-road I know Jesse Ing—in Aug. he directed me to go down to Rath-bone's with a horse and cart, for two barrels of flour—he said his brother had got the order—I was to be there early in the morning—I went next morning, and there was a fire in the neighbourhood, and I could not get any goods delivered—I went again next morning, the 11th, about 8 o'clock, with a horse and cart, and told Mark Ing that his brother Jesse said that he had got the order—Liddiard was present; it was on the wharf—I said that I had come for two barrels of flour—I got no answer from either of them, but I got the goods from Mark Ing—he brought them to me, and put them into the cart—I saw Liddiard at that time down by the loophole—I cannot say whether the barrels of flour came from a pile which was in the shed, or whether they came from the loophole—I could not get to the loop
<lb/>hole, because there was a waggon standing there—I brought no order, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290013"/>
<p>signed no receipt—I took the two barrels to Jesse Ing's, and was paid 18
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. for going the first time, and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. the second, when I got them—Jesse Ing had a horse and cart once, but I do not think he had at that time.,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was it not in Dec. that you were first spoken to about this by Mr. Rathbone?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I think it was before Christmas.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have been in the habit of acting as carman for Jesse Ing for some time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, but not lately, not for five or six months—he is a corn dealer, and has employed me to cart flour and oats from different places, and take them to his establishment—I have carted a deal of corn for him from Mr. Smith's establishment, the next wharf, many a time—I generally have an order, but Ing's brother being there I did not—I have always had an order when I have taken goods—I have never executed orders before given by word of mouth; nor have I since, or any one else—when I went I said to Mark Ing, You have got the order for two barrels of flour?"—he said nothing to that, but I got my goods, and away I came—I cannot tell whether Liddiard was standing close to Ing when I addressed myself to him, but I saw Liddiard before I left—the barrels were fastened up, and I left them at Jesse Ing's, but saw nobody except the boys—I cannot say whether he was at home—I cannot say whether the barrels contained flour or sweepings; they were full of something.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You asked for two barrels of flour?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-53" type="surname" value="CUFFLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-53" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN CUFFLEY</persName> </hi>. I am foreman to Benjamin Smith, a corn dealer—Jesse Ing was a customer of his, and has, I believe, kept a horse and cart—I have seen him go with a horse and cart to Mr. Rathbone's several times since Aug. last, but not previously that I am aware of—he used to go there with his cart empty, and return with it loaded—it was generally before 8 o'clock in the morning, before the clerks came—Jesse Ing has been with that horse and cart on all occasions—on 11th Aug. I saw Greenleaf there about half-past 8 o'clock in the morning with an empty cart—I saw Mark Ing carry two barrels, and place them in the cart, and Greenleaf drove away with them—I put down on this paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) the dates on which I saw Jesse Ing go there with his horse and cart; they are Sept. 1
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, when he took away three sacks; Sept. 9th, three sacks; Sept. 20th, three sacks; Oct. 13th, two sacks; and Nov. 3rd, some sacks, but the quantity I do not know—the sacks were full—I have been in Mr. Smith's employ, I think, eleven years next month—I never to my knowledge sold or delivered to Jesse Ing, from my master's place, or from Mr. Rathbone's place, any flour—I did not deliver any flour to him, or to Greenleaf on his account on 11th Aug.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long has Jesse Ing been a customer of Mr. Smith's?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot say positively, but twelve months, at all events—he has been a purchaser on several occasions—his dealings have been principally for oats, but not exclusively—Mr. Smith also deals in flour and meal—the flour trade is not generally transacted on the premises, nor the meal—Mr. Smith's premises and Mr. Rathbone's are all under one roof—Jesse Ing may have been a purchaser previous to, in, and since Sept., but I am not aware—when he was a purchaser, he would send his horse and cart for the removal of the goods.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You sold him no goods, and had no dealings with him, on 11th August?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Could any flour have been sold to him from your premises without your knowing it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I do not believe that he has ever had</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290014"/>
<p>any flour from our premises during the whole time he was in business—I took down these dates in consequence of my suspicions being excited, and of a communication which had been made to me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-54" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-54" type="given" value="RICHARD BARTHOLOMEW"/>RICHARD BARTHOLOMEW HAYWARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">a prisoner</hi>). In Dec. last I was in the employ of Mr. Rathbone—I know the prisoners—it was my duty to be on the premises at 6 o'clock in the morning—I remember Jesse Ing coming one morning about 22nd November last, with his cart to Mr. Rathbone's; he has been at other times—it was his habit to come between 7 and 8 o'clock—he has been there frequently, and about that time in the morning; before the clerks were there—he has at times taken corn away with him, and at times sweepings—he never took away more than two quarters of corn at a time; that would be four sacks—he paid for them—he used to pay 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a quarter for oats—the price of oats at that time was about 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I at times received the money, sometimes Liddiard, and sometimes Mark Ing—after it was received by either of us it was equally divided—on the morning of 11th Aug. I was not present; I was ill at that time—I cannot say to a certainty how many times I have been paid in that way, and the money divided between us; it might have been a dozen times.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You are in custody now?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I have been in custody since 9th Dec.—Mr. Rathbone has promised that if I would tell all I knew, I should be examined as a witness instead of being placed in the dock; he first told me that on 9th Dec.—I had not made any confession or statement before that—I expect that Mr. Rathbone will keep his word, and not prosecute me—all the transactions I have spoken to did not occur shortly before Nov.—I have been there thirteen or fourteen months—I do not know how much I have received during that time as my share of the spoil; I never kept any account of it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Who first proposed to you to do this; or did you propose it to them?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, I did not propose it to them; it was proposed among us—it was about three weeks or so after I went there—I do not remember who first spoke to me about it—I have not seen Mark Ing receive money—he has sometimes received it from his brother, at his house, and brought it the next morning—he has brought money, and shared it with me; that is how I know it—he told me that he had received it from his brother—I received the money when we were together—I have never been to Jesse Ing's residence—I have received money when we were all together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-55" type="surname" value="FUNNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-55" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD FUNNELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>). I took Jesse Ing into custody on the 12th—I took him to the station—I spoke to him as we went along—I made him no promise or threat—I asked him if he knew a person of the name of Greenleaf—he said he did—I asked him where he (Greenleaf) lived—he said somewhere in the Hackney-road—I asked him if he kept a horse and cart—he said, "What name did you say, Greenleaf?"—I said, "Yes"—he said, "I do not know any such person"—I said, "Just now, you told me you did"—he said, "No, I do not know him."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you in plain clothes, or in uniform?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In plain clothes—I went to Jesse Ing's place—his lad said he was across at a public house, and I went there and found him—I told him I was an officer, and I was about to take him into custody on a charge of receiving—he said, "I suppose it is in consequence of my brother being locked up"—his brother had been taken a few days previous—Jesse Ing did not say to me, "I am entirely innocent of receiving any property, knowing it to be stolen"; nothing of the kind—he did not say that he was wholly innocent of any guilty participation in the matter—he stood and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290015"/>
<p>scratched his head, and did not make any reply—H was about twenty minutes afterwards, as I was taking him to the station, that I asked him if he knew a person of the name of Greenleaf—I was not present at the inter
<lb/>view between him and Mr. Rathbone.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-56" type="surname" value="GREENLEAF"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-56" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES GREENLEAF</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I took the two barrels of flour to Jesse Ing's shop—I did not see him—I saw his boy—I delivered them there—I saw Jesse Ing afterwards, some time in the course of the day—I told him what I had done—I told him that I had brought those two barrels of flour into his shop—I was in the habit of dealing with him, and it was included in the running account—I settled with him when I settled for the corn which I had had—I cannot say how soon after 11th Aug.—I have not got my bills with me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-57" type="surname" value="RATHBONE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RATHBONE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined</hi> If Liddiard and Mark Ing were there, Liddiard would be the person to see the book signed.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The prisoners, Mark and Jesse Ing, received good characters.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LIDDIARD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-243-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-243-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 31.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARK ING</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-243-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-243-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 48.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">on account of their previous good</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JESSE ING</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-243-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-243-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 31.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Character.—
<rs id="t18550129-243-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-243-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-243-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-243-18550129 t18550129-243-punishment-14"/>Judgment respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-244">
<interp inst="t18550129-244" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-244" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-244-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18550129 t18550129-244-offence-1 t18550129-244-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-244-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-244-18550129 t18550129-244-offence-2 t18550129-244-verdict-2"/>
<p>244.
<persName id="def1-244-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-244-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18550129" type="age" value="31"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18550129" type="surname" value="LIDDIARD"/>
<interp inst="def1-244-18550129" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY LIDDIARD</hi> </persName> was
<hi rend="italic">again</hi> indicted with
<persName id="def2-244-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-244-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-244-18550129" type="surname" value="POLLARD"/>
<interp inst="def2-244-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM POLLARD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-244-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-244-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-244-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/>, for stealing 5 quarters of oats and 10 sacks, value 8
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-60" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-60" type="surname" value="RATHBONE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-60" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-244-offence-1 t18550129-name-60"/>William Rathbone</persName>, their master: to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LIDDIARD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-244-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-244-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-244-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 31.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-244-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-244-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-244-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-244-18550129 t18550129-244-punishment-15"/>Judgment respited</rs> </hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFABD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution</hi>,</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-61" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-61" type="surname" value="RATHBONE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RATHBONE</persName> </hi>. In consequence of some information that I received, I spoke to Pollard on the morning of 15th Dec., on meeting him at the corn market—I said, "I have ascertained that you have been having corn from my place, and you knew it was dishonestly obtained"—he said, "No, I never have"—I said it was useless for him to tell me so, for I was in possession of information, and I knew he had frequently had corn away; and I asked him sharply what he had done with the five quarters of oats that he had had away the week before last, and I think I mentioned the day—he hesi
<lb/>tated for some little time, and then said, Well, he had had five quarters away; he remembered that he had, but he could not remember where he had taken them to—I told him it was of no use for him to tell me that he could not say where he had taken them to, and he must tell—he then said that he had sold them to a man that he had met, going over Southwark-bridge, for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said he did not know the man, nor where he lived, but he delivered them from his own cart into the other man's cart—I asked him what he was to pay for the oats to my men—he said, "17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. a quarter"—I then told him that the two parties who were with me in plain clothes were policemen, and I should give him into their custody—I asked him how he could think of robbing me in that way—he said he had been urged to do it by the others; they were continually teasing him to take the corn away, and he had often done it before—I do not think he mentioned the names of the men—I do not now remember whether he said who delivered them to him, but my impression rather is that he did name some one—he said, "Some were white oats, and some black oats"—we have all our orders and receipts filed—there is no order filed for the delivery of ten sacks of oats to Pollard, or any receipt from him for that amount—he was not employed in the warehouse; he was not a servant in the actual sense of the word, but was merely employed as a carman to cart for us—when I first brought the matter to his attention, I told him that he was engaged to</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290018"/>
<p>take thirty-five sacks to the South Eastern Railway; and that was the time he took the five quarters of oats, and he acknowledged it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SALTER</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">for</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>).
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I think you have not told us all that you said to Pollard on this occasion?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Very likely not; I have told all that I can remember—I do not remember anything more; I do not suppose I spoke very mildly to him—I spoke sharply—I threatened him with searching his house—that was before he acknowledged where the oats had gone to—what I told him was, that I should have his house searched; it was after that that the rest of the conversation that I have related took place—he certainly seemed nervous at that—the two policemen were there during the whole time I was talking to him—I do not think I have omitted anything of importance; I have told all I remember, still I might have said something that I do not now remember—I have given the substance of the conversation.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">who had been engaged in the other Court, submitted that the confession already given in evidence was inadmissible, it having been obtained in consequence of the threat used by the witness to have his house searched. Various reasons might exist which might induce a man to make an untrue statement rather than have his house searched; he might have stolen goods deposited there; or, to put an extremecase, a dead body might be concealed there; and he contended that such a threat was amply sufficient to exclude the statement.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. GIFFARD</hi>
<hi rend="italic">was about to answer the objection, but the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that as the statement was already before the Jury, it would be better to reserve the point, if it became necessary.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-62" type="surname" value="HAYWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-62" type="given" value="RICHARD BARTHOLOMEW"/>RICHARD BARTHOLOMEW HAYWARD</persName> </hi>. On 6th Dec. last, I saw Pollard, early in the morning, under the archway of my master's wharf, which leads into Thames-street, a little after 7 o'clock; he said that he wanted thirty-five quarters of empty sacks—I told him that the foreman, Liddiard, was in the counting house, and that if he went there he would attend to him—I then went out into the street; I came back again in a few minutes—I then saw Liddiard; he said something to me; Pollard was at his cart, close by—he could not hear what Liddiard said—I afterwards went up stairs, and I saw five quarters of oats put by Liddiard into Pollard's cart—there was one quarter of black oats, two quarters of Swedes, and two quarters of Irish—Swedes and Irish are white oats—Pollard was in His cart at the time the oats were put in—I did not see Pollard afterwards—I saw Liddiard, and received 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. from him; I understood it was part of the money he had received for the oats.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where had Pollard to take the thirty-five quarters of empty sacks to?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know; Liddiard had to deliver them to him—I saw him deliver thirty quarters of empty sacks, and I delivered the other five quarters myself—that was seventy sacks—there are two sacks to a quarter, the whole of these sacks were empty—they were put up in three bundles of nineteen each, and nine sacks put into one which made three bundles more—there were ten full sacks—I saw Liddiard deliver them.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How many of you were to share in the money?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Liddiard and myself—he said 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. was all that he had on account.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-63" type="surname" value="BETTERIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-63" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES BETTERIDGE</persName> </hi>. I am landing porter in the prosecutor's employ—I remember seeing Pollard at the wharf, on or about the morning of 6th Dec.; I cannot swear positively that it was the 6th—it was between half past 6 and 8 o'clock, before the clerks had come—he was in his cart receiving sacks filled with grain as I supposed—they were full sacks—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290019"/>
<p>Liddiard was lowering them to him through the loophole—I saw Hay
<lb/>ward there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How did you happen Jo be there so early that morning?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> It was my business to go there to unload or load vessels, and the tide going out early I had to be there to suit the tide—I expected a barge to be there, laden with grain, but it did not arrive, and I had time. to look about me, and these were the observations I made; a cart there with Pollard in it, and Liddiard lowering the sacks into his cart—I have been in Mr. Rathbone's employment about twelve years—I did not men
<lb/>tion this on the same day, because I had no suspicion that either of them were dishonest; I considered it a correct business transaction—I had seen Pollard taking away corn before, as I supposed employed by Mr. Rathbone—I mentioned this five days afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-64" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-64" type="surname" value="WALL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-64" type="given" value="EDWABD LEESON"/>EDWABD LEESON WALL</persName> </hi>. I did not give any order or authority or delivery order to Pollard on the morning of 6th Dec., for ten sacks of corn—I have examined the file, and there is no order or receipt for ten sacks of corn on the morning of 6th Dec.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Gross-examined. Q.</hi> What file did you examine?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The one produced; corn is not delivered without an order—when an order is received, it is put upon the file after being backed—it is my duty to put it on the file—I do not always receive orders, if I am on the premises it would come into my hands or Liddiard's, and Mr. Cook might receive them or Mr. Rathbone, If he was there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Whose duty is it to back them?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Mine; by backing, I mean writing on the back the quantity delivered—I get that from the deli
<lb/>very book; it is my duty, if I am there, to put it in the delivery book, or Liddiard's, or Mr. Cook's—if Liddiard and I are both there, then it is my duty—I give out the delivery ticket if I am there, and see the signature of the carman, and when I am not there, and Liddiard is, it is his duty.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-65" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-65" type="given" value="NATHAN DAVID"/>NATHAN DAVID COOK</persName> </hi>. I did not give any order for five quarters of oats, on 6th Dec.—I have looked through the file, and there is no such order or receipt.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-66" type="surname" value="RATHBONE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-66" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM RATHBONE</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> The price of the five quarters of oats, described by Hayward, would be at that time, some 29
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and some 31
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">POLLARD</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-244-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-244-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-244-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 31.—
<rs id="t18550129-244-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-244-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-244-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-244-18550129 t18550129-244-punishment-16"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-245">
<interp inst="t18550129-245" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-245" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-245-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18550129 t18550129-245-offence-1 t18550129-245-verdict-1"/>
<p>245.
<persName id="def1-245-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-245-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18550129" type="age" value="45"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18550129" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def1-245-18550129" type="given" value="DUNCAN MACLEAN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DUNCAN MACLEAN WRIGHT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-245-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-245-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-245-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, feloniously uttering an accept
<lb/>ance to a bill of exchange for 157
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud; also, feloniously uttering a forged acceptance to one other bill for 294
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.: to both which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-245-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-245-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-245-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 45.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-245-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-245-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-245-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-245-18550129 t18550129-245-punishment-17"/>Recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor.—Four Year' Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-246">
<interp inst="t18550129-246" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-246" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-246-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18550129 t18550129-246-offence-1 t18550129-246-verdict-1"/>
<p>246.
<persName id="def1-246-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-246-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18550129" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18550129" type="surname" value="BERRY"/>
<interp inst="def1-246-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BERRY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">alias
<rs id="t18550129-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18550129 t18550129-alias-1"/> Somerville</rs> </hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-246-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-246-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-246-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, was charged upon three indict
<lb/>ments with feloniously uttering 3 forged notes, purporting to be Bank of England notes, with intent to defraud: to all which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-246-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-246-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-246-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 27.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-246-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-246-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-246-18550129 t18550129-246-punishment-18"/>Transported for Fifteen Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290020"/>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, January</hi> 30
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1855.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FARNCOMB</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Fifth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-247">
<interp inst="t18550129-247" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-247" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-247-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18550129 t18550129-247-offence-1 t18550129-247-verdict-1"/>
<p>247.
<persName id="def1-247-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-247-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18550129" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18550129" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-247-18550129" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BLAKE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-247-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-247-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-247-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-247-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-247-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-247-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-247-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-247-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-247-punishment-19" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-247-18550129 t18550129-247-punishment-19"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-248">
<interp inst="t18550129-248" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-248" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-248-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18550129 t18550129-248-offence-1 t18550129-248-verdict-1"/>
<p>248.
<persName id="def1-248-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-248-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18550129" type="age" value="67"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18550129" type="surname" value="CLIFFORD"/>
<interp inst="def1-248-18550129" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT CLIFFORD</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-248-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-248-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-248-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-248-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-248-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-248-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 67.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-248-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-248-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-248-punishment-20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-248-18550129 t18550129-248-punishment-20"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-249">
<interp inst="t18550129-249" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-249" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-249-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18550129 t18550129-249-offence-1 t18550129-249-verdict-1"/>
<p>249.
<persName id="def1-249-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-249-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18550129" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18550129" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-249-18550129" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WILLIAMSON</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-249-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-249-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-249-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-249-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-249-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-249-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-249-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-249-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-249-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-249-18550129 t18550129-249-punishment-21"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-250">
<interp inst="t18550129-250" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-250" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-250-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-250-18550129 t18550129-250-offence-1 t18550129-250-verdict-1"/>
<p>250.
<persName id="def1-250-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-250-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18550129" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18550129" type="surname" value="NORTH"/>
<interp inst="def1-250-18550129" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT NORTH</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-250-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-250-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-250-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-250-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-250-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-250-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 21.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-250-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-250-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-250-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-250-18550129 t18550129-250-punishment-22"/>Confined Twelve Month</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-251">
<interp inst="t18550129-251" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-251" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-251-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-251-18550129 t18550129-251-offence-1 t18550129-251-verdict-1"/>
<p>251.
<persName id="def1-251-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-251-18550129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18550129" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18550129" type="surname" value="PIKE"/>
<interp inst="def1-251-18550129" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARGARET PIKE</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-251-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-251-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-251-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence: to which she</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-251-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-251-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-251-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 30.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-251-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-251-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-251-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-251-18550129 t18550129-251-punishment-23"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-252">
<interp inst="t18550129-252" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-252" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-252-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18550129 t18550129-252-offence-1 t18550129-252-verdict-1"/>
<p>252.
<persName id="def1-252-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-252-18550129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18550129" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18550129" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-252-18550129" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN JAMES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-252-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-252-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-252-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-75" type="surname" value="WINDEBANK"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-75" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD WINDEBANK</persName> </hi>. I am an assistant to an upholsterer in Leicester-square. On Saturday, 30th Dec, the prisoner came for six yards of blind cord; she gave me a bad 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I handed it to Mr. Russell, one of the firm—he called in a policeman, and gave it to him—I did not lose sight of it at all till he gave it—I gave the prisoner into custody.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-76" type="surname" value="LEES"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-76" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN LEES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, C</hi> 199). On Saturday evening, 30th Dec., I was called, and took the prisoner, and received this crown piece—I took tie prisoner to the station—she gave the name of Mary Bryan—she was locked up till Monday, and then remanded till Thursday—she was then dis
<lb/>charged.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-77" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-77" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS WESTON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Holton, a butcher. On 7th Jan. the prisoner came to our shop—she asked for a pound of mutton—she gave me half a crown—I thought it was bad, and gave it to my master.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-78" type="surname" value="HOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-78" type="given" value="GEORGE HENRY"/>GEORGE HENRY HOLTON</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher. On Saturday night, 7th Jan., I was called by the last witness, and found the prisoner there—he said she had given him a bad half crown—I took it in my hand, and sent for a policeman—I gave the prisoner in charge, with the half crown—as we were going to the station two men came behind me, and asked me to square it, not to lock the poor woman up.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-79" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-79" type="surname" value="DURRANT"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-79" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DURRANT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, C</hi> 113.) On Sunday morning, 7th Jan., I was sent for by the last witness, and took the prisoner—this half crown was given to me—a good shilling and a halfpenny was found on her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-80" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-80" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-80" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Royal Mint. These are both counterfeit.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I did not know it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-252-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-252-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-252-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 30.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-252-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-252-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-252-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-252-18550129 t18550129-252-punishment-24"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-253">
<interp inst="t18550129-253" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-253" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-253-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18550129 t18550129-253-offence-1 t18550129-253-verdict-1"/>
<p>253.
<persName id="def1-253-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-253-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18550129" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18550129" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="def1-253-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COOPER</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-253-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-253-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-253-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT MATTHEWS</hi>. I am a grocer, and live at Hendon. On 13th Jan.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290021"/>
<p>the prisoner came to my shop, and asked for a pennyworth of cheese—it was about half past 3 o'clock in the afternoon—I served him—he laid down half a crown on the counter—I took it up and said to him, "Young man, this is a very bad one; I don't intend to give you this up again"—"You don't," he said, and he walked out of the shop—I ran, and caught him in the road—I said, "I mean to take you to a policeman; I think you are a
<hi rend="italic">smasher</hi>"—he struggled—I led him towards the house of a policeman—I found the policeman after a short time; but during that time the prisoner had dropped another half crown—he endeavoured to pick it up, but I pre
<lb/>vented him, and my niece took it up and gave it to the officer, and I gave my half crown to him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you see me throw the half crown down?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not, but I heard it chink, and I looked and saw it on the ground—my niece was about three yards behind me—she was not at the bottom of the court—she came into the shop first—I was at the door, and she told me to come and serve you.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-82" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-82" type="surname" value="TANSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-82" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH TANSLEY</persName> </hi>. I am a niece of the last witness. I saw the pri
<lb/>soner come in; I asked him what he wanted—he said he wanted a penny
<lb/>worth of cheese—being engaged, I asked my uncle to serve him—I was afterwards coming down the court and saw my uncle leading the prisoner in the road—my uncle called me, and I followed him—he went down to the bottom of the road, and I saw the prisoner throw a half crown from his hand—I saw it as it fell, and heard it chink on the stones—the prisoner struggled, and tried to get it, but my uncle prevented him, and I picked it up and gave it to the constable—I am sure it was thrown by the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-83" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-83" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH HUDSON</persName> </hi>. I live at Hendon. On Saturday afternoon, 18th Jan., I saw Mr. Matthews with the prisoner—he gave him into the policeman's charge—in returning from the high road down the lane where they had been walking, I found a half crown—I gave it to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> You went to get some water?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I had not got the water—I saw you, and when I was going back I saw the half crown.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where did you pick up the half crown?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About twenty yards from Mr. Matthews's shop; the way they had brought the prisoner—I did not see him come along that way—I did not see him till the policeman had taken him—I found the half crown between the policeman's house and Mr. Matthews's; it was in the direct line from Mr. Matthew's shop to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When you went for your water you had a pail?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I went down the yard towards the Greyhound public house—I picked up the half crown before I had the water in the pail—I found it about ten minutes after I went out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-84" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-84" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-84" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT MATTHEWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined. Q.</hi> Which way did you take the prisoner to the policeman?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Through the lane or road; there is no other way—the policeman lives in a yard or garden.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Whereabouts was your niece?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Within two or three yards; she was behind us—I did not see the half crown thrown down; I heard it jink.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-85" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-85" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-85" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES SMITH</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, S</hi> 63). The prisoner was given into my charge on 13th Jan., about a quarter before 4 o'clock in the afternoon—I searched him, and found a good half crown—he gave his name William Cooper, No. 7, James-street, Skinner-street, Somers-town—he said he was a shoe
<lb/>maker—he afterwards gave another address at a coffee shop, in Museum-street; I went there, and there was a person of that name, but not the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290022"/>
<p>prisoner—I have not been able to find the prisoner as living at the address he gave—I got this half crown from Mr. Matthews, and this half crown from Elizabeth Tansley; I received this half crown from Mrs. Hudson.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> What time was it when you took me?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About a quarter before 4 o'clock—I searched you in Mr. Matthews's shop—I found a half crown and a halfpenny—you said, "There, is not that a good one?"—I went to a coffee shop in Museum-street, and found a Mr. William Cooper, a very respectable man, who had lodged there two years—you said it was opposite the Duke's Head—it is a fishmonger's; that is where you told me to go.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-86" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-86" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are all counterfeit, and the two that were found are from the same mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-253-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-253-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-253-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-253-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-253-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-253-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-253-18550129 t18550129-253-punishment-25"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-254">
<interp inst="t18550129-254" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-254" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-254-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18550129 t18550129-254-offence-1 t18550129-254-verdict-1"/>
<p>254.
<persName id="def1-254-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-254-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18550129" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18550129" type="surname" value="GRIMES"/>
<interp inst="def1-254-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM GRIMES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-254-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-254-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-254-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-88" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-88" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LEE</persName> </hi>. I am shopman to Mr. Knott, an outfitter at Poplar. On 9th Jan., the prisoner came for a pair of stockings—I served him—they came to 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and he put down what I took to be a half sovereign—I gave him, in change, three half crowns—I put the half sovereign in the back of the till—there was no other half sovereign whatever there—my master saw it, and gave it to me afterwards—I kept it in a little purse in my pocket till the 22nd—it remained there with no other—on the 22nd, the prisoner came to the shop again—he asked for a pair of stockings, the same sort as he had before—he gave me a half sovereign—I took it, and said, "This is one of the same sort that you gave me a little more than a week ago"—he said, "I think I gave you half a crown when I was here before"—I said, "No, you gave me one like this"—I sent for a policeman and gave the prisoner in charge, and gave the two half sovereigns to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-89" type="surname" value="EDGELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-89" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY EDGELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, K</hi> 318). I took the prisoner, and received these two half sovereigns—when we got to the station, Mr. Lee said that the prisoner had been to the shop on the 9th, and purchased a pair of stockings, and he took of him a half sovereign, which turned out to be bad—the prisoner said he had been to the shop on the 9th, and purchased a pair of stockings, and had given him a half crown, not a half sovereign; and the second time, he said he did not think it was a bad one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-90" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-90" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-90" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-90" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad, and from the same die—they are struck, not cast.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-254-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-254-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-254-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 50.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-254-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-254-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-254-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-254-18550129 t18550129-254-punishment-26"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-255">
<interp inst="t18550129-255" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-255" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-255-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18550129 t18550129-255-offence-1 t18550129-255-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-255-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-255-18550129 t18550129-255-offence-1 t18550129-255-verdict-2"/>
<p>255.
<persName id="def1-255-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-255-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18550129" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18550129" type="surname" value="CLANCY"/>
<interp inst="def1-255-18550129" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL CLANCY</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-255-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-255-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-255-18550129" type="age" value="55"/>
<interp inst="def2-255-18550129" type="surname" value="HOGDEN"/>
<interp inst="def2-255-18550129" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL HOGDEN</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18550129-255-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-255-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-255-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-93" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-93" type="given" value="ANN"/>ANN FOY</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Foy, who keeps the Ship, at Shadwell. On 15th Jan., I saw the prisoners—they had been drinking in our house for two or three hours—Clancy asked for a glass of whiskey—he gave me a shilling—I put it in the till—there was no other shilling there, only sixpences—Hogden was standing there at the time—after that, Clancy called for a pot of beer—he gave me another shilling—I put that in the till—I sent my daughter out with one of the shillings—she brought it back—I found it was bad—I then looked at the other shilling, and that was bad—I told Clancy he had given me two bad shillings—he smiled, and said he did not think he had done it—I sent for a constable, and gave him the two shillings.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clancy. Q.</hi> How many persons beside me called for beer and other</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290023"/>
<p>things?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Several others; but you gave me the two shillings—what they had was half an hour before the bad money was tendered.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did Hogden pay you anything?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No—there were about twenty persons drinking there; but when I found the company was going, I had the till cleared, as we have been so often robbed, and I left only four sixpences in the till—that was before I took the bad money—when the policeman was sent for, I saw Clancy take some money out of his pocket and give it to Hogden.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clancy. Q.</hi> Do you think I knew whether the money was good or bad?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I am on my oath; I think you did know it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-94" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-94" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-94" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>MARGARET FOY</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness. On the 15th, she sent me out with one shilling—it was given back to me as a bad one—I gave it back to my mother—it was not out of my sight till I gave it back to her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clancy. Q.</hi> Do you know how long I was in the house before this man came in; I was in the house half an hour before him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You both came in together.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-95" type="surname" value="POTTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-95" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES POTTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, K</hi> 212). I took the prisoners into custody; I told Clancy he was charged with uttering two bad shillings—he said he had the lend of them from Hogden—I searched Hogden, and found on him another bad shilling—these are the two shillings I got from Mrs. Foy, and this other one I found on Hogden—I asked the prisoners where they lived—they did not give any address—there was a good half crown, a shilling, a fourpenny piece, and some coppers found on Hogden.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-96" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-96" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-96" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are all counterfeit—the shilling found on Hogden is from the same mould as one of those uttered by Clancy.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Clancy's Defence.</hi> I was drunk at the time; I had been drinking all day with seven or eight more men; I did not know whether it was good or bad; I had a good character.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Hogden's Defence.</hi> I had a misfortune, and lost my thumb off my left hand; when I came out of the hospital I had some money with me, whether it was good or bad I do not know.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CLANCY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-255-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-255-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-255-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 36.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HOGDEN</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-255-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-255-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-255-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 55.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-255-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-255-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-255-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-255-18550129 t18550129-255-punishment-27"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-255-18550129 t18550129-255-punishment-27"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-256">
<interp inst="t18550129-256" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-256" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-256-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18550129 t18550129-256-offence-1 t18550129-256-verdict-1"/>
<p>256.
<persName id="def1-256-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-256-18550129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18550129" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18550129" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="def1-256-18550129" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARY ANN DAVIS</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-256-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-256-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-256-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-98" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-98" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-98" type="surname" value="CRITCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-98" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CRITCHER</persName> </hi>. I am a butcher. On 14th Jan. the prisoner came, and asked for some pieces off the board—my man served her—she paid me a shilling; I gave her change, and she left the shop—I put the shilling into a bowl where there was a sixpence and a half crown, but no other shilling—another woman came and bought a breast of mutton—I then found that the shilling which the prisoner gave me was bad—I put it into my pocket in a bit of paper, and took it home; I put it by itself till 23rd Jan., I then gave it to the officer—on the 18th the prisoner came again; she took some pieces off the board, and gave me a shilling—I gave it to my boy to give her change—he said it was a bad one—the prisoner said she would go and fetch another—I told my boy to follow her.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-99" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-99" type="surname" value="CRITCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-99" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED CRITCHER</persName> </hi>. I am the son of the last witness. On 28th Jan. the prisoner came, and bought some pieces of meat—she gave my father a shilling; he gave it to me to give change—I put the shilling to my teeth, and bent it; I said to the prisoner, "Where did you get it?"—she said she had it given her, and she would go and get another—she went away, and I followed her</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290024"/>
<p>to the Vinegar-ground; I got an officer, and gave her into custody—I gave the shilling to the officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-100" type="surname" value="BERRYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-100" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH BERRYMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, G</hi> 181). The prisoner was given into my charge on the 18th—I got this shilling from the last witness, and this other from his father—the prisoner gave an address; I inquired, but could not hear of her there.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-101" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-256-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-256-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-256-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-256-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-256-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-256-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-256-18550129 t18550129-256-punishment-28"/>Confined Nine Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-257">
<interp inst="t18550129-257" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-257" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-257-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-257-18550129 t18550129-257-offence-1 t18550129-257-verdict-1"/>
<p>257.
<persName id="def1-257-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-257-18550129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18550129" type="surname" value="MEDHURST"/>
<interp inst="def1-257-18550129" type="given" value="LUCY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LUCY MEDHURST</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-257-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-257-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-257-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully having counterfeit coin in her possession.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-103" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-103" type="surname" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-103" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH LAWRENCE</persName> </hi>. I keep a public house, in Mile-end-road. On 10th Jan., a little girl came for half a quartern of gin—I served her, and she gave me a counterfeit sixpence—I asked her where she came from, and sent my boy with her—he returned with the child, and a woman—while the woman and the child were at the bar, the prisoner came in—she had half a pint of beer, and she gave part of it to the woman who came back with the girl—the prisoner then left the house—the other woman and the child then went away—I kept the sixpence separate, and gave it to the officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The prisoner went out first leaving the woman and child?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I bit the sixpence, and marked it before I gave it to the officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-104" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-104" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-104" type="surname" value="KITRIG"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-104" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN KITRIG</persName> </hi>. I am pot boy to the last witness. On 10th Jan., a little girl came to the public house—I went out with her—I saw the prisoner, and another woman together—the other woman joined the child—I left the prisoner in the street, and went for an officer—I then saw the prisoner stopping in a gateway.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-105" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-105" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FITZGERALD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, K</hi> 58). The last witness pointed out the prisoner, who was behind a pair of gates stooping down, and putting her left hand towards the ground—the prisoner then came out, and I called her—she asked what I wanted her for—I told her I wanted to know what she was doing inside the gates—she said, she was tying up her stocking—I went to the place and found this black bag with twelve bad sixpences, and three bad shillings in it—that was about three feet from the place where she had been stooping—the money was wrapped in different pieces of paper—I said to the prisoner, "I see what you have been doing"—she said, she knew nothing about it—I received this other sixpence from Mrs. Lawrence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When you said, "This is what you have been doing," did she not say, "You know nothing about it?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I am quite sure she said she knew nothing about it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-106" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-106" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are all bad—the twelve sixpences in the bag are from the same mould as the one that was uttered.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-257-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-257-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-257-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-258">
<interp inst="t18550129-258" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-258" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-258-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18550129 t18550129-258-offence-1 t18550129-258-verdict-1"/>
<p>258.
<persName id="def1-258-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-258-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18550129" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18550129" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="def1-258-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN BIRD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-258-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-258-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-258-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-108" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-108" type="given" value="WILLIAM HENRY"/>WILLIAM HENRY PRICE</persName> </hi>. I keep a public house, No. 28, Little Moor-fields. On 29th Dec. the prisoner came, with another man, about 5 o'clock—they asked for half a quartern of rum—the prisoner gave me a good sovereign of William the Fourth—the other man said, "I have got coppers; return the sovereign to my friend"—I gave it back to the prisoner—there</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290025"/>
<p>was then some shuffling between them, and the prisoner said, "Never mind about the coppers; take it out of this sovereign," throwing down a sovereign of Queen Victoria—I saw immediately that it was bad—I said, "I must keep this, and I shall lock you up"—I sent My potman for a policeman, and put the sovereign on a shelf—the prisoner and the other man went out, and met a third man, dressed like a carman, but I think he was a companion of theirs—I went after them, and they returned into the house—the prisoner desired to see the sovereign—I showed it him at a distance—the prisoner then went out, leaving the other two men at the bar—I followed the prisoner fifty or sixty yards, met a policeman, and gave him in charge—I gave the sovereign to the policeman—the other man escaped during my absence.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When I gave you the sovereign what did you do with it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I put it in a glass, where there were only two other sovereigns.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLERK</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was this glass?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> A narrow bottomed glass—two sovereigns would not lie by the side of each other; one must lie on the other—I put this one on the top of the others, and took it up again, and gave it to the policeman.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MRS. PRICE</hi>. On 29th Dec. my son gave the bad sovereign into my charge while he went after the man—he had placed it on a shelf—I gave it back into his hand—after the prisoner had left, another man remained, and he wished to see the sovereign—I would not let him, and he left the house.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> When your son took the sovereign did he place it in your hand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He laid it on a shelf; I took it from the shelf, and kept it in my hand.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-109" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-109" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN HENRY</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SUCH</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 116.) On 29th Dec. I took the prisoner into custody—nothing was found on him—Mrs. Price gave me this sovereign—the prisoner gave his address, No. 4, Union-buildings, Holborn—I went there, but could not find him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I said No. 14.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> I went to No. 14, after I had been to two No. 4's, but I could get no information about him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-110" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This is a bad one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> When I first went into this person's house I gave him a sovereign; he put it into a glass, in which I think there were six or seven sovereigns; my friend said he would pay, and the landlord went to the glass, and put his hand in, and took out a sovereign; but he does not know that it was the one; I gave him the sovereign afterwards, and he said, "This is a bad one;" I said, "It is the one you gave me;" he said, "No; I shall give you in charge;" I went out, and said I was unfit to be given in charge; I was just out of a fever; he took me to the station; there was nothing found about me; they all have access to this glass his mother and the others; he never looked in the glass, but put his hand in, and gave me one out.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-258-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-258-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-258-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 36.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-258-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-258-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-258-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-258-18550129 t18550129-258-punishment-29"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-259">
<interp inst="t18550129-259" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-259" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-259-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18550129 t18550129-259-offence-1 t18550129-259-verdict-1"/>
<p>259.
<persName id="def1-259-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-259-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18550129" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="def1-259-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN VINCENT</hi> </persName>,
<hi rend="italic">alias</hi>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JACKSON</hi>
<rs id="t18550129-259-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-259-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-259-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, feloniously uttering coun
<lb/>terfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-112" type="surname" value="JARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-112" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL JARMAN</persName> </hi>. I am clerk to the Solicitor of the Treasury, I pro
<lb/>duce a certificate of the conviction of John Vincent (
<hi rend="italic">read: Central Criminal Court, Nov.</hi> 1853;
<hi rend="italic">John Vincent, convicted of uttering counterfeit coin. Conf
<lb/>ined Six Months.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-113" type="surname" value="COOLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-113" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN COOLEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, N</hi> 110). I have heard this conviction read—the prisoner is the man, I was present; he was tried in the name of John Vincent.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290026"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. RIBTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where was he tried?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> In this Court—I was a witness in the case.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-114" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-114" type="given" value="ELIZA SARAH"/>ELIZA SARAH ANDREWS</persName> </hi>. My husband is a cheesemonger, in Pimlico. On 16th Dec., the prisoner came between 11 and 12 o'clock at night for a quarter of a pound of butter, and two eggs—he tendered me a 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, and I gave him change—he left the shop—I put the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece in the till—there was other money there, but no other 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—the moment he turned from the counter I took the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece out of the till—I examined it, and it was bad—I marked it, and put it in paper, and put it in the cash box—on Saturday night, 6th Jan., the prisoner came again between 11 and 12 o'clock for half a pound of butter—it came to 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he gave me a coun
<lb/>terfeit 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece—I took it up and said, "This is a bad one, and this is the second you have given me"—he said, "You are mistaken, I am not the person"—I called my husband, and he fetched a policeman, the prisoner was given into custody in my shop—I gave the last 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece to the constable, and the former 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece was taken from the cash box by my husband—I saw him do it—the cash box was kept locked up in the parlour—it was wrapped up in a piece of paper—I looked at it—I had marked it on the edge on 16th Dec.—it was given to the constable—I have seen it since.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were you serving alone on 16th Dec.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; my husband was at home, but not in the shop—when I took the first 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, I put it in the till, and closed the till—I had never seen the prisoner before—there were some shillings and sixpences in the till—I cannot say whether there were any half crowns—the prisoner was in the shop about two minutes—I had three gas lights in the shop—when the prisoner came the second time, I charged him with having been there before, and he said he was not the man—he said I was mistaken—I did not say that if he would give me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. he might go—I said I was as glad as if any one had given me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. that he came that night, as we had let our shop—I did not say, "I will not charge a policeman with you if you will give me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I did not want the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I did not say, "If you won't give me the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I will give you in charge, and you shall be locked up till Monday morning"—I said he would be locked up till Mon
<lb/>day morning—I was standing behind the counter, and he was in the shop, while I had this conversation with him—I tried the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece with the trier, to see if it would bend—I said it was bad.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLERK</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you call your husband when you found this was bad?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; when my husband came in I said to the prisoner, "I am glad you have come in"—I said so, because we were about to leave on Monday—I did not make the prisoner any offer to give him back the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece if he would give me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-115" type="surname" value="POLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-115" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT POLLARD</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, B</hi> 108.) On the evening of 6th Jan. I was sent for to the shop of the last witness—the prisoner was there, and he was given into custody for passing a crown that night and one previously—I received this money from Mr. Andrews, in presence of the last witness—the prisoner said he never was in the shop before—he gave an address, but I did not go to inquire.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-116" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-116" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-116" type="given" value="ELIZA SARAH"/>ELIZA SARAH ANDREWS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> This is the first crown he gave me—here is the mark on it—this is the last one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-117" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both counterfeit. (
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner's statement before the Magistrate was here read as follows</hi>:—"On Saturday night last I went to the shop very late for half a pound of butter; I gave her the crown, and she said, "If you will give me the change for the 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, I will not charge a policeman with you; I think you have</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290027"/>
<p>been here before;' I said she might do as she thought proper; she had taken a bad 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece of somebody, but I could not be responsible for her taking a bad 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece; I did not see why I should give her 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., it was bad enough for me to lose this 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. piece, if it was bad; she said, 'If you won't give me 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. I will give you in charge, and you shall be locked up till Monday morn
<lb/>ing.'")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-259-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-259-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-259-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 30.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-259-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-259-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-259-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-259-18550129 t18550129-259-punishment-30"/>Confined Two Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-260">
<interp inst="t18550129-260" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-260" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-260-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18550129 t18550129-260-offence-1 t18550129-260-verdict-1"/>
<p>260.
<persName id="def1-260-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-260-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18550129" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18550129" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="def1-260-18550129" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE CLARK</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-260-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-260-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-260-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his pos
<lb/>session.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GEARY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-119" type="surname" value="DONNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-119" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE DONNELL</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of William Donnell; we keep a brothel. On Saturday night, 23rd Dec., the prisoner came to our house and brought a woman—he asked for a room, and I showed him one—I asked him for the money—he gave me half a crown—I sent my daughter to get change; she came back and said it was bad—I gave it to the pri
<lb/>soner, and asked him to give me some other money—he said he had no more—I sent for a policeman, and gave him the half crown—before the police
<lb/>man came I saw the prisoner put his hand in his pocket and throw a bad shilling on the ground—I heard it fall, and when the policeman came, the young woman who was with the prisoner took up the shilling, and gave it to the policeman—the prisoner was taken to the station.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. LILLEY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What was the prisoner to pay you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Fourpence—I stood at the door—the room door remained open as wide as it would go—the prisoner did not go—he did not seem the worse for liquor—I had never seen him before—I saw him walk up stairs—I said I would send for a policeman, but he did not go—I did not see him searched—I did not look at the half crown particularly—I know it was a half crown—I did not notice what reign it was—I did not know the young woman who was with the prisoner—I have carried on this occupation twelve years.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLERK</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you give the same piece of money to your daughter that the prisoner gave you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—when my daughter brought me back a piece of money, I gave that to the officer.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-120" type="surname" value="DONNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-120" type="given" value="PENELOPE"/>PENELOPE DONNELL</persName> </hi>. I am the daughter of the last witness—I live at her house, in the parish of Whitechapel—I saw the prisoner at my mother's house that night—my mother gave me a half crown—I went to the public house and asked for change—I gave the half crown to the landlady, she tried it in a trier—I saw her do it—she gave me back the half crown—it was never out of my sight—I took it back, and gave it to my mother—I went for a constable.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How old are you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Sixteen—I live with my father and mother—I do not take any part in this business—I do not assist in keeping up the house—my mother and father keep me.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-121" type="surname" value="LONEY"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-121" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL LONEY</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, H</hi> 108). On Saturday night, 23rd Dec., I was called into Mrs. Donnell's house—I found the prisoner, and a woman in the room with him—Mrs. Donnell gave me this bad half crown—she said that the prisoner had dropped some money on the floor—I told the young woman to stoop down and see if she could see any, and she found this shilling—I found a half crown on the prisoner—I took him to the station, and found eight shillings and three half crowns in his inside waistcoat pocket, wrapped up in paper—he had outside pockets, but there was nothing in them—he refused to give his address—I asked him where he got the money; he made no answer—on the 26th, he said he picked it up in the street—when I took him into custody he had had a drop to drink, but he was sober.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> What day was it you took him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> On Saturday</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290028"/>
<p>night, the 23rd; and on Tuesday, the 26th, I took him to the Court—in the meanwhile he had been locked up in the cell—I had not been in attendance upon him—I will undertake to say positively that I asked him at the station where he got the money—the sergeant and two men on the reserve were present at the station when I did so—I found only one pocket handkerchief on him—I went to see where he lived—I did not go to his master—I never saw him before that evening to my knowledge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What coin was found on him?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Three half crowns and eight shillings, and one shilling on the floor—I did not find any good money on him.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-122" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-122" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half crown that was first produced is bad—these other three are bad, and from the same mould as the first—this, shilling that was found is bad—six of these others are bad, and from the same mould as that one—the other two shillings are from one mould.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-260-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-260-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-260-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 28.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-260-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-260-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-260-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-260-18550129 t18550129-260-punishment-31"/>Confined Eighteen Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1855.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Rt. Hon.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr. Baron
<hi rend="smallCaps">PARKE</hi>; Mr. Justice
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COPELAND</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SALOMONS</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">WIRE</hi>; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSELL GURNEY</hi>, Esq.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Parke and the Third Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-261">
<interp inst="t18550129-261" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-261" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-261-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18550129 t18550129-261-offence-1 t18550129-261-verdict-1"/>
<p>261.
<persName id="def1-261-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-261-18550129" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18550129" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18550129" type="surname" value="PIPKINS"/>
<interp inst="def1-261-18550129" type="given" value="HANNAH MARIA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HANNAH MARIA PIPKINS</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18550129-261-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-261-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-261-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/>for the wilful murder of a certain male child, born of her body and not named.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAARTEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-124" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-124" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-124" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-124" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH SCOTT</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and live at No. 1, Bates-buildings, Hoxton. At Christmas last, I was minding the house of my niece, Miss Swift, that is called Middleton-lodge, Dalston—the prisoner was living there as servant—on 28th Dec., there was no one in the house but me and her—about 8 or 9 o'clock that evening, she complained to me of illness; she said she had got a very bad pain all round her—I gave her a little penny-royal and gin—she then went to bed—I had not perceived before, from her personal appearance, anything indicating that she was with child—at 1 o'clock in the morning I went to her room—she was in bed—she still complained of pains in her inside, and I gave her a little more of what I had given her before; she took it—she then said she felt a little more comfortable—I then left her, and went to my bed—I did not sleep in the same room—about 6 o'clock on the same morning I went to her again; I thought perhaps she might want something, as I heard a little noise—she was then in bed—I had a light with me—I saw a lot of blood on the carpet, from the door to the bed—on seeing that, I said to the prisoner, "My God! what has been the matter?"—she said, "Don't be frightened, I am all right now"—I did not remain a great while in the room on that occasion—I told her to lie down, and I would get her some breakfast—I went down stairs into the kitchen to get her some—I opened the shutters, and found some blood on the kitchen table—there was no cloth on the table—there was quite a puddle of blood on the table—I also saw some spots of blood on the floor near the table—I got a candle, and followed the spots of blood</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290029"/>
<p>into the coal cellar—you go through a passage from the kitchen to the cellar—it is in front of the house in the area—I went into the coal cellar, and found a bloody cloth and a pair of stockings soaked in blood—I searched the cellar—I moved a box, and behind the box I saw the body of a dead c hild, with the head downwards; it was quite naked—the box was at the left-hand side of the cellar as you go in against the wall, and the body was between the box and the wall—there was a barrel under the box; the box was on the top of the barrel, and the child was stuffed between the barrel and the wall—the box was close against the wall a top of the barrel, and a top of that was the knife board, to heighten it to the prisoner's height to clean the knives, and that was flush against the wall; it touched the wall—I did not take up the body—I immediately sent for Mr. Herring, the surgeon, who has attended the family for years—it was about 10 o'clock when I found the body—it was at 8 o'clock that I went down to get her some breakfast, but I did not find the body till 10 o'clock—I saw the blood in the kitchen when I went down at 8 o'clock, but I did not perceive it immediately—I saw the spots of blood about 8 o'clock—I began to trace the marks directly, but I was a long while finding the child—I was about two hours in tracing the blood, before I found the child in the cellar—I could not find which way to turn, the passage was dark, and I went first to the right, and then to the left, till I could find it—I had no idea of this, but still I thought there was a something wrong—I saw a knife on the kitchen table at the same time I saw the blood; the handle of it was bloody—this (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is it—I afterwards gave it to the policeman—the handle was more bloody than it is now, and the blade was a little bloody on the edge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">HOW</hi> long had this poor girl been living at your niece's as servant?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About four years and a half, and a very good servant she was—she was a very kind, good hearted girl—the room in which she slept was upstairs—when I left her about 1 o'clock in the morning I did not leave any candle with her—there was no candle in her room—I took the lucifers, and told her to knock for me if she wanted anything—when I saw her about 6 o'clock in the morning, and saw the spots of blood on the floor, it was dark—I took a light in—she had no light in her room—it was about 11 or 12 o'clock that the doctor came—I was pre
<lb/>sent when he had an interview with the prisoner—I did not, before he came, tell her that it would be better for her to tell the truth—I did tell her to tell the truth—that was after Mr. Herring came—he was not present then, it was after he had been—I do not remember that he had any conversation with her after I told her to tell the truth—the conversation he had with her was before I told her to tell the truth—I was present when he came up to her; I took him up—the first thing he said to her was, "Oh, Ann, how came you to do such a cruel thing?"—when I went to the prisoner at 6 o'clock she said she was better, she did not appear so much distressed then as she had been—she said she was more comfortable, and told me not to be frightened—she has always been a kind, good hearted girl.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-125" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-125" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-125" type="surname" value="HERRING"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-125" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HERRING</persName> </hi>. I am a surgeon, and live at No. 6, Newmarket-place, Dalston. I was sent for on 29th Dec., between 11 and 12 o'clock, to the house of Miss Swift, at Dalston—I saw Mrs. Scott—she showed me a table in the kitchen, upon which was a large pool of blood, about the size of a dinner plate—it was wet—I saw a knife by the side of it, similar to the one produced—it was bloody, both on the handle and blade—the blood on the knife was nearly dry—I observed spots of blood on the floor—I traced them</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290030"/>
<p>from the table towards the coal house door—I went into the coal cellar—Mrs. Scott pointed out a barrel to me there, standing at the edge of a heap of coals near to the wall—behind the barrel I found the body of a new born infant male child—it was half exposed, with the head downwards, resting on the coals—I took it up and placed it on a napkin on the barrel—I ex
<lb/>amined the child, and found that its throat had been cut—it was a large wound, extending from underneath the left ear, across the throat, dividing the blood vessels on the left side and the windpipe—supposing that wound to have been inflicted when the child was alive, it would certainly have caused its death—this knife would have caused such a wound—I afterwards went to the prisoner's room with Mrs. Scott—I found the prisoner in bed—I said to her, "This is a very sad thing, Ann; how could you do so cruel an act?"—her reply was, "Do what, Sir?"—I said, "How could you destroy the poor little creature?"—she made no answer to that—I then said to her, "Did you destroy it to prevent its crying?"—she said, "It did not cry, Sir"—I said, "Where did you do it?"—she said, "Down stairs"—I asked her if she had made any provision for the child in the shape of clothing—she said she had not—I then asked her what had become of the afterbirth—she did not seem to know what I meant—she said she had got nothing more—I then examined her, and found that the afterbirth had not been removed—of course she must have been recently delivered, because the after
<lb/>birth had not come—I compared the end of the navel string attached to the child, and the end attached to the afterbirth, and they agreed—I have no doubt that child must have been attached to that afterbirth—the umbi
<lb/>lical cord was cut—I should say that would enable me to compare the end better than if it had been torn—the ends decidedly corresponded—I should say from five to six hours had elapsed between the delivery and my finding the body—next day I made a complete examination of the body of the child—I should say that it must certainly have been alive at the time the wound in the throat was inflicted—in wounds made upon a living subject, the edges are always red, everted, or turned out; and there are little spots of coagu
<lb/>lated blood from the extremities of the vessels—that would be caused by the coagulation of the blood just before death.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Would not those appearances equally occur after death whilst the circulation continued, as it will do for a short time afterwards?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I should say not—my opinion is, that they would not occur as soon as vitality had ceased, it must be within a very few minutes after vitality has ceased for the appearances to be such—it might take place during life, or a very short time after death—my experience will not enable me to say that—it must take place during life, or some very short time afterwards—I should say a very few minutes would be sufficient to do away with the appearances that were presented here.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAARTEN</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you open the body of the child?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did; it was the body of a full grown, mature, healthy child—the lungs were fully inflated, and of a pale pink colour, which would not have been the case had not the child breathed for some little time; the heart was almost entirely emptied of blood—I placed the lungs in water—they were perfectly crepitant or crackling under the fingers when pressed between them, showing the presence of air—every portion of them floated in water when cut—I cut them, I think, into half a dozen separate portions, and each portion perfectly floated—the inference I draw from that is, that the child must have respired some minutes at least.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> With respect to the appearances caused by the cut,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290031"/>
<p>I gather from you, that those appearances would be presented if the cut had been made either during life, or within some few minutes after death?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Perhaps they might within a few minutes after death—the test to which I subjected the lungs is that which is ordinarily called the hydrostatic test—I have read authors upon medical jurisprudence—I recognise Beck and Taylor as high authorities upon that subject—whether the hydrostatic test proves merely that a child has breathed, or been born alive, is, I believe, a
<hi rend="italic">questio vexati</hi>, but I cannot suppose it possible that the lungs can be filled with air unless it be a vital act; the lungs may be inflated with air before the body of the child comes into the world, but still the child is alive—I do not believe that when the head is in the world, and the body in the vagina, respiration may go on sufficiently to inflate the lungs, I mean not to such an extent as I saw—I do not dispute that a child may breathe before the body is completely born; I have known that in my own experience, but not to such a degree as these lungs appeared to me to be inflated—I made the examination about thirty-six hours after the supposed death—I do not think the value of the hydrostatic test is enhanced by its being applied im
<lb/>mediately after death—as soon as I saw the wound in the child's throat, my impression was that it had been born alive—I was examined before the Magistrate—I formed the opinion which I have stated here to-day the next day, after I had made the
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination, and applied the hydro
<lb/>static test, and I had formed the same opinion before, as soon as I saw it, and the appearance the wound presented; my opinion was confirmed by the
<hi rend="italic">post mortem</hi> examination—this is the first case of alleged infanticide in which I have been professionally concerned—I have been in practice since 1828—I have examined the bodies of a great many children soon after death, who have been prematurely born, in which the lungs have been par
<lb/>tially inflated—I do not know whether the hydrostatic test is, in the abstract, a means by which you can determine whether or not a child has been born alive—abstractedly, I do not think it is sufficient, because if the child has not breathed with some force, the whole of the lungs would not be fully inflated—in children that I have assisted to deliver that have died within a short time, say half an hour after delivery, the lungs of which I have examined, not knowing the cause of death, I have never found the lungs so fully inflated; there has always been some large portion that would sink in water.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Acquainted as you are with the authorities upon medical jurispru
<lb/>dence, will you tell me whether or not you subscribe to this doctrine of Professor Taylor, "The hydrostatic test is no more capable of showing that a child has been born alive or dead, than it is of proving whether it has been murdered or died from natural causes?"
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> My own experience would not lead me to believe that—I have never before been engaged professionally in an inquiry of this nature—I cannot pretend to say that the opinion founded on Dr. Taylor's experience is incorrect; I am only bound to give you the result of my own experience—as far as my experience goes, I do dissent from the doctrine there laid down—I am aware that there are other tests made use of in matters of this kind by medical jurists—there is the static test, that of weighing the lungs—I did not make use of that—there is another test, called Pluca's test, but I have never tried it—the hydrostatic test is the only one I have ever applied—(
<hi rend="italic">At the suggestion of the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT, MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">read to the witness the whole of the following passage, from p. 387 of Dr. Taylor's work</hi>: "From what has already been stated, as well as from the most simple reflection upon the circumstances accompanying the birth</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290032"/>
<p>of children, I think it must be evident that the hydrostatic test is no more capable of showing that a child has been born alive or dead, than it is of proving whether it has been murdered or died from natural causes. The majority of those who have made experiments upon this subject, have only pretended to show, by the use of this and other tests, whether or not a child has breathed. They merely serve to furnish, in many cases, good proof of life from the state of the lungs; and slight reflection will render it appa
<lb/>rent, that in no case are they susceptible of doing more.")—I do not sub
<lb/>scribe to that doctrine—the umbilical cord had been cut—there are certain presentations in which the umbilical cord is twisted round the neck of the child
<hi rend="italic">in utero</hi>—there was no ligature round either extremity of the cord—the length of the cord from the
<hi rend="italic">umbilicus</hi> of the child was six or eight inches, and that of the
<hi rend="italic">placenta</hi> about the same—that is about the ordinary length—where delivery is unaided by professional assistance it is likely to be longer in duration than where professional assistance is at hand—I cannot say whether respiration is then more likely to take place in the vagina—it is barely possible that a child may be more likely to breathe in the vagina; but the majority of children, even in protracted labours, do not breathe until some minutes after they are born—where a delivery is long, the pos
<lb/>sibility of breathing in the vagina is greater than where it is short.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-126" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-126" type="surname" value="CRISP"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-126" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL CRISP</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, N</hi> 226). On the afternoon of 29th Dec., the prisoner was given into my custody—this knife was given to me by Mrs. Scott—it is in the same state as when I received it—I have not put anything upon it, or rubbed anything from it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. SLEIGH</hi>
<hi rend="italic">to</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HERRING</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I believe, in cases where the umbilical cord is twisted round the neck of the child, the process of cutting it by the surgeon who attends is considered so hazardous, that there is a peculiar pair of scissors manufactured for the purpose, to prevent an incision, by accident, in the throat of the child?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> We never cut the cord from the child's neck—there may be a pair of scissors for that purpose, but I do not think it necessary—there is a pair of scissors of that kind made; but I have had similar cases, and never required them—I have no doubt that the pains of unassisted labour are sometimes sufficient to cause an aberration of intellect—I cannot say whether a female under such circumstances may, from pain and anxiety, become deprived of all judgment, and destroy her offspring without being conscious of what she is doing—I believe that the pains of unassisted labour, may be such as to cause a temporary deprivation of reason.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-127" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-127" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-127" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-127" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>HANNAH SCOTT</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> When I took the prisoner's light away, I also took away the lucifers.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t18550129-261-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-261-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-261-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">of concealing the birth.</hi> </rs> Aged 20.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-261-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-261-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-261-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-261-18550129 t18550129-261-punishment-32"/>Confined Two Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-262">
<interp inst="t18550129-262" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-262" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-262-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18550129 t18550129-262-offence-1 t18550129-262-verdict-1"/>
<p>262.
<persName id="def1-262-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-262-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18550129" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18550129" type="surname" value="STILES"/>
<interp inst="def1-262-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN STILES</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-262-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-262-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-262-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/>, unlawfully neglecting to deliver certain letters entrusted to him to deliver whilst employed in the
<persName id="t18550129-name-129" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-129" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-262-offence-1 t18550129-name-129"/>Post-office</persName>: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-262-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-262-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-262-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-262-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-262-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-262-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-262-18550129 t18550129-262-punishment-33"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-263">
<interp inst="t18550129-263" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-263" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-263-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-263-18550129 t18550129-263-offence-1 t18550129-263-verdict-1"/>
<p>263.
<persName id="def1-263-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-263-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18550129" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18550129" type="surname" value="SPIERS"/>
<interp inst="def1-263-18550129" type="given" value="BENJAMIN HOOPER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BENJAMIN HOOPER SPIERS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-263-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-263-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-263-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously forging and uttering, on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-4" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-263-offence-1 t18550129-cd-4"/>6th April</rs>, an order for the payment of 58
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; also, on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-5" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-263-offence-1 t18550129-cd-5"/>18th Dec.</rs>, an order for 370
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; also, on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-6" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-263-offence-1 t18550129-cd-6"/>18th Dec</rs>., a request for the delivery of a banker's cheque book, with intent to defraud: to all which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-263-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-263-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-263-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 24.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">Mr. George Young, manager of the Bank at Swansea, and Mr. William Benham, schoolmaster, of Gloucester, deposed to the prisoner's good character.</hi>)</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290033"/>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BODKIN</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">for the prosecution, stated that since the prisoner had been in custody, he had made a statement, exculpating others from all blame, and pre
<lb/>venting much inconvenience to the Bank.</hi>)—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-263-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-263-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-263-18550129 t18550129-263-punishment-34"/>Transported for Fifteen Years</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Baron Parke and the First Jury.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-264">
<interp inst="t18550129-264" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-264" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-264-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18550129 t18550129-264-offence-1 t18550129-264-verdict-1"/>
<p>264.
<persName id="def1-264-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-264-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18550129" type="age" value="50"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18550129" type="surname" value="CROWTHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-264-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN CROWTHER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-264-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-264-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-264-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously uttering a forged Bank of England note for 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. CLARKSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAYLEY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-132" type="surname" value="CLOUGH"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-132" type="given" value="ANNE"/>ANNE CLOUGH</persName> </hi>. I am a widow, and reside now at No. 95, London-road, Southwark; I formerly occupied a beershop, in Middle Grove-street, St. George's-in-the-East. On Wednesday, 13th Dec., the prisoner came to that beer shop, between 5 and 6 o'clock in the evening—he called for a glass of ale, and I served him—he asked me if my house was to be disposed of—I told him, yes—I had previously advertised the house for sale in the newspapers—I asked him if he would like to look at the inventory—after looking at it, he went out into the neighbourhood, and looked about—he said he should like to look at the neighbourhood, to see if it was a good one, before he made any to-do about the house—he came back, and I showed him over the house—he said he liked the house very well, and it would just do for him and his son—he asked if I would have anything to drink, and we had a pint of ale between us, which he paid for—he asked how much I would take for the house—I said, "Nothing less than 25
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—he said he would not give any more than 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he stuck to that from the time of his coming in until his going out—after some time had elapsed, I told him I would take 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for it—he said, no, he would not give any more than the 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—we finally agreed on 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he then sent my little girl for a quartern of gin, and paid for it—I took a very little of it—he agreed to give me the 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I called in Robert Baker to draw up the agreement, and witness it—this is the agreement Baker drew up—(
<hi rend="italic">This being read, the prisoner, described as Joseph Stanley, agreed to take the house of the witness, and pay a deposit of</hi> 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.)—the prisoner signed this "Joseph Stanley" in my presence—he had told me during the conversation that his name was Joseph Stanley, and that he had come from Uxbridge that morning—he said he was a small farmer there—lie said it would do for his son, and he would bring his son next day; if he was not there between 12 and 2 o'clock, he would be at 4 o'clock—he said his son was lately married, and the business would just do for him—I asked him for a deposit of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—he said, "No; if I give you a deposit of 3
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. I shall leave myself without money; I will leave you a deposit of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and I will return to you to-morrow, as I mean to do business"—I afterwards agreed with him for a deposit of 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—while the inventory was being written out, he handed me a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note to be changed, in order to make the 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. deposit—I asked him to write his name on the note, and he wrote on it, "Joseph Stanley," in my presence—this is the note (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—I took it to a neighbour, Mr. Smith, a grocer, to get it changed, and I wrote my name on it in Mr. Smith's shop—when I got back to my house I put the money down on the table—the whole of the 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. was in silver—the prisoner picked up 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and left 1
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. on the table for me—he then said if he did not make haste he should be too late for the
<hi rend="italic">bus</hi>—he said he wanted to go to Paddington—whilst he was reaching over his hand to take up the money, I noticed his hand, and noticed that the top part of his finger was off—as he went away, he said he should be to his time appointed next day—he seemed to be in a very great hurry to be off after he had got the</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290034"/>
<p>money—he never returned—on 21st Dec. I was sent for to the police station, and saw him there—he is the same man.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. TORR</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long had you been keeping this house?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About four months—I had never seen the prisoner before—he was sitting in my bar whilst this agreement was being written out; it is in Baker's writing; it is merely the signature that is the prisoner's—when he had signed it he doubled it up and gave it to me—I put my signature to it also—there were two copies, and we each signed both, and each kept one.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-133" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-133" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-133" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT BAKER</persName> </hi>. I was at Mrs. Clough's beer shop on Wednesday night, between 5 and 6 o'clock—I saw the prisoner there, somewhere about 5 o'clock—I saw Mrs. Clough lead him through the house—about 10 o'clock in the evening I was asked to prepare an agreement—he gave the name of Joseph Stanley, of Uxbridge, and said he was a kind of small farmer and grazier there—after going up and examining the house, I saw him go out into the back yard—I was sitting in the back room at the time—this pro
<lb/>duced is one of the agreements that I prepared—I prepared two, one was a copy of the other—he invited me to take a drop of gin and water which he had got on the table—I saw him sign the agreements—I remember his going away, it was then a little after 10 o'clock—I had been in the house since 3 o'clock—I do not think he was there at the time—I do not know when he went out, I being in one room and Mrs. Clough in the other—I observed him in and about the premises from 5 o'clock till about half-past 10 o'clock—I have not the least doubt that he is the man—I did not notice his finger at all.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-134" type="surname" value="HOLDING"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-134" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH HOLDING</persName> </hi>. I am a plumber and glazier, of Middle Grove-street, Commercial-road. On the evening of 13th Dec, I was in Mrs. Clough's house—I frequently went into the bar—I saw the prisoner come in—he asked if that was the house that was advertised that morning—Mrs. Clough said, "Yes," and he walked in and sat down—when I went in to fetch beer I saw him there—he is the same man—he came into the tap room about 10 o'clock, and asked which was the yard—I got up and showed him—he came back, put his hand in his pocket, and pulled out a note—I saw that as I was coming from the tap room to the bar for beer—I did not see him write his name—I heard him say, in the course of the evening, that the house was for his son, who was lately married, and lived at Uxbridge.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-135" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-135" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>SAMUEL SMITH</persName> </hi>. I am a grocer, of No. 31, Grove-street. On 13th Dec., Mrs. Clough came to me for change for a 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—I asked her to put her name upon it—she did so—this produced is it—I took it to the bank two days afterwards.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-136" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-136" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS TOWNSEND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, H</hi> 54.) In consequence of a description which I found at the station, and knowing the prisoner, I took him into custody, on 21st Dec., between 11 and 12 o'clock, in High-street, Aldgate—I said that I was looking for him, and wanted to take him to the station—he said, "What for?"—I told him it was for uttering a forged 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. Bank of England note—he said, "I will go with you like a gentleman; you will find that it is not me"—I went to the station with him—I then went for Mrs. Clough, took her to the station, and she said that the prisoner was the man, and Mr. Baker came also, and said the same—the prisoner said that Mrs. Clough must be a wrong woman, or something like that, to say that it was him, for she had never seen him before—I afterwards searched him, and found two medals, one of the size of a sovereign, and the other of half a sovereign, and also a
<hi rend="italic">flash</hi> note—I asked him his name—he said, "James Crowther, 14, Saint Andrew's-road, New Kent-road," and I found that he</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290035"/>
<p>was lodging there—he did not tell me how long he had been living there—I did not go into the neighbourhood of Uxbridge to inquire about him—I examined his hand; the second finger of one hand, I did not notice which, was short of a joint—I mentioned that at the Thames Police Court.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> When you went to inquire his address at the New Kent-road, who did you see?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> The woman who kept the house—I asked if there was a person living there named Crowther—she said, "Yes"—I asked what sort of a person he was—she said, "An oldish man"—I searched the place, in consequence of the prosecutrix saying that he had drab trow
<lb/>sers, but I could not find any.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-137" type="surname" value="WYBIRD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WYBIRD</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of notes to the Bank of England—this note is forged in every respect.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-264-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-264-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-264-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 50.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-264-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-264-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-264-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="penalServitude"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-264-18550129 t18550129-264-punishment-35"/>Five Year's Penal Servitude.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, January</hi> 31
<hi rend="italic">st</hi>, 1855.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FARNCOMB</hi>; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROSE</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder and the Sixth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-265">
<interp inst="t18550129-265" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-265" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-265-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18550129 t18550129-265-offence-1 t18550129-265-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-265-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-265-18550129 t18550129-265-offence-1 t18550129-265-verdict-2"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-265-charge-3" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-265-18550129 t18550129-265-offence-1 t18550129-265-verdict-3"/>
<p>265.
<hi rend="largeCaps">
<persName id="def1-265-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-265-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18550129" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18550129" type="surname" value="WARWICK"/>
<interp inst="def1-265-18550129" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES WARWICK</persName>,
<persName id="def2-265-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-265-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-265-18550129" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def2-265-18550129" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="def2-265-18550129" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/> JOSEPH ADAMS</persName> </hi>, and
<persName id="def3-265-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def3-265-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def3-265-18550129" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def3-265-18550129" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="def3-265-18550129" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">DAVID WRIGHT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-265-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-265-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-265-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18550129-name-141" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-141" type="surname" value="CRAMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-141" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-265-offence-1 t18550129-name-141"/>James Crampton</persName>, stealing 2 tills, some mutton, and other articles, value 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; his property; also, stealing 93 saws, and other goods, of
<persName id="t18550129-name-142" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-142" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-142" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-265-offence-1 t18550129-name-142"/>Simon Price</persName>, and another: to which</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">WARWICK</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-265-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-265-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-265-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ADAMS</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-265-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-265-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-265-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 15.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WRIGHT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-265-verdict-3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-265-verdict-3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-265-verdict-3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>.† Aged 15.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-265-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-265-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-265-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-265-18550129 t18550129-265-punishment-36"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-265-18550129 t18550129-265-punishment-36"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def3-265-18550129 t18550129-265-punishment-36"/>Judgement Respited.</rs> </hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-266">
<interp inst="t18550129-266" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-266" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-266-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18550129 t18550129-266-offence-1 t18550129-266-verdict-1"/>
<p>266.
<persName id="def1-266-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-266-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18550129" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18550129" type="surname" value="GREENWOOD"/>
<interp inst="def1-266-18550129" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GREENWOOD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-266-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-266-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-266-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 pair of boots, value 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-144" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-144" type="surname" value="MILLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-144" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-266-offence-1 t18550129-name-144"/>James Millard</persName>: to which he</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-266-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-266-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-266-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>PLEADED GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 25.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-266-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-266-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-266-punishment-37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-266-18550129 t18550129-266-punishment-37"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-267">
<interp inst="t18550129-267" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-267" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-267-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18550129 t18550129-267-offence-1 t18550129-267-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-267-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-267-18550129 t18550129-267-offence-1 t18550129-267-verdict-2"/>
<p>267.
<persName id="def1-267-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-267-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18550129" type="surname" value="RICHARDSON"/>
<interp inst="def1-267-18550129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM RICHARDSON</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-267-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-267-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-267-18550129" type="surname" value="GROUT"/>
<interp inst="def2-267-18550129" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE GROUT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-267-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-267-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-267-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 cake of gingerbread, value 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18550129-name-147" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-147" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-147" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-147" type="given" value="MARY ANN BLANCHETT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-267-offence-1 t18550129-name-147"/>Mary Ann Blanchett Brett</persName>; 2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, charging Richardson with receiving.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-148" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-148" type="surname" value="BRETT"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-148" type="given" value="MARY ANN BLANCHETT"/>MARY ANN BLANCHETT BRETT</persName> </hi>. I keep a shop at Hampton, it has con
<lb/>fectionery on one side, and fruit on the other. On 2nd Jan., Grout came in between 2 and 3 o'clock; he asked for a halfpenny stale bun, which I had not got—I sold him a halfpenny worth of gingerbread—I saw Richard
<lb/>son looking in at the window—as Grout went out I went to shut the door, and there was a piece of Christmas holly on the ground, which had been by the side of the gingerbread—I then looked, and missed a shilling cake of gingerbread that had not been in the same end of the window that Richardson was looking in—he was at the fruit window, but I should think he could see Grout take the gingerbread—I should think he could see all over the shop—as soon as I missed the gingerbread I went to the door, and saw the two prisoners going down towards Hampton Church—Mrs. Barnes told me something, and as the policeman was going by I spoke to him—he followed the prisoners, and took Richardson, and brought him back to me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290036"/>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Richardson.</hi> I was not looking in the window; I was looking towards Hampton Church?
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> No; he was looking in the window.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-149" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-149" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN BARKER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, V</hi> 262). I was spoken to by Mrs. Brett; I followed the two prisoners, they were walking in company together—I followed them about 200 yards, and when I got to them Grout ran away—I took Richardson into custody, and he had this cake of gingerbread con
<lb/>cealed under the right hand side of his coat—about three quarters of an hour afterwards, I took Grout—he was near the palace at Hampton Courts, by the side of the green—he said he knew what I wanted him for, he was willing to go.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Richardson.</hi> I was hungry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Grout.</hi> We were both hungry.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARDSON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-267-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-267-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-267-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">of receiving.</hi> Aged 18.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18550129-267-punishment-38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-267-punishment-38" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-267-punishment-38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-267-18550129 t18550129-267-punishment-38"/>Confined Two Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GROUT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-267-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-267-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-267-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">of stealing.</hi> Aged 14.—
<rs id="t18550129-267-punishment-39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-267-punishment-39" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-267-punishment-39" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-267-18550129 t18550129-267-punishment-39"/>
<hi rend="italic">Judgment Respited.</hi> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18550129-268">
<interp inst="t18550129-268" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18550129"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-268" type="date" value="18550129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18550129-268-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-268-18550129 t18550129-268-offence-1 t18550129-268-verdict-1"/>
<p>268.
<persName id="def1-268-18550129" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-268-18550129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18550129" type="age" value="27"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18550129" type="surname" value="CORLETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-268-18550129" type="given" value="THOMAS ARTHUR"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS ARTHUR CORLETT,</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18550129-268-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-268-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-268-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="stealingFromMaster"/> stealing on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-7" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-268-offence-1 t18550129-cd-7"/>2nd Sept</rs>., 1 enve
<lb/>lope, 1 order for payment of money, and 5 pieces of paper, and money of the
<persName id="t18550129-name-151" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-151" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-268-offence-1 t18550129-name-151"/>Electric Telegraph Company</persName>, his masters: 2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, a like offence on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-8" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-268-offence-1 t18550129-cd-8"/>27th Nov</rs>.; 3rd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, a like offence on
<rs id="t18550129-cd-9" type="crimeDate">
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18550129-268-offence-1 t18550129-cd-9"/>16th Dec</rs>.</rs> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">METCALFE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-152" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-152" type="given" value="HENRY SCHUTZE"/>HENRY SCHUTZE WILSON</persName> </hi>. I am assistant secretary to the Electric Telegraph Company, in Lothbury. The prisoner was in the employ of the company in Sept., Oct., and Dec. last—in Sept. last, I received a written application from Mr. Harrison—I have it in my hand—(
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>, "Sir,—I sent a message to Weston-super-Mare, to Miss Harrison; I paid 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for the message; I was informed that she had paid 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., which 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. must be returned"—on receipt of this I caused inquiries to be made, and I found Mr. Harrison was entitled to the sum of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I instructed the prisoner to write a letter to Mr. Harrison; he did not write it in my presence—I saw the letter after it was written, he brought it to me and I signed it—I hold the letter in my hand—it refers to an order, which I hold in my hand—an order for the payment of 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., from the company to Mr. Harrison—the order was made out by the prisoner, and signed by myself—having signed the letter, and order—the prisoner's duty was to copy the letter in a book for that purpose, and to put the letter and order in an envelope, and give it to the person whose absolute duty it was to send the letters to the post—having put it in the envelope I fastened it, and it was the prisoner's duty to pass it to another clerk to pass it to the post office—there is a drawer in the office of which the prisoner had the use, and of which he had the key—I know of no other key to it—it was a drawer for the prisoner's use—I believe there was no other communication from Mr. Harrison—the original application was dated in Sept., I cannot tell the date—the letter written by the company to Mr. Harrison, was on the 2nd of Sept.—in consequence of something that took place I made inquiries, and about the the latter end of Dec. I found accidentally the letter which I directed the prisoner to send—I found it in the drawer in the secretary's office, of which the prisoner had the key—I found also several letters—I found the envelope directed to Mr. Harrison—I have it—there is no post mark on it, and no stamp—it is apparently in the same state as it was at first—the stamp would be put on by the persons who attend to the absolute posting of the letters—the money has been paid to Mr. Harrison since the 2nd of Sept.—I issued the order for it.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Was this drawer in the secretary's</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290037"/>
<p>office?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—this letter I gave to the prisoner, and it wag his duty to pass it—at the corner of this order there is, "Sent in stamps to Weston"—there have been rare occasions in which that has been done—this order was paid at the counter to the prisoner by a clerk; either Mr. Collingwood or Mr. Cadman—it was an irregularity for them to pay it—if this order were sent to any telegraph office, it was wrong for a clerk to pay it—they were misled by the representation of the prisoner—it was a wrongful act on their part.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. METCALFE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Postage stamps are sent occasionally?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, occasionally they are—if postage stamps are to be sent, I should cause them to be sent by our accountant—I should draw an order on the accountant for postage stamps—this "postage stamps" is the prisoner's handwriting; he had no authority whatever to get this order cashed, instead of sending it—he had no authority whatever to keep back the letter and envelope, instead of sending them to Mr. Harrison.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-153" type="surname" value="CADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CADMAN</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the office of the Electric Telegraph Company. It was my duty to pay orders when presented to me—I do not remember paying this order, but I was on duty that evening; I was the only person paying orders on the evening of the 2nd Sept.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You were alone, were you?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes—I do not remember paying this order; I do not undertake to say I did not—when it was paid, it was my duty to hand it over to De Conde—the only other person who could pay orders was a person of the name of Collingwood—the name of Corlett is on the order—that is the prisoner's writing, "Received of the Electric Telegraph Company, 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. T. A. Corlett."</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You have no recollection of paying that money at all?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; it is a wrong thing to pay these orders.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-154" type="surname" value="CONDE"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-154" type="given" value="HUBERT DE"/>HUBERT DE CONDE</persName> </hi>. I would not positively swear that I received this order from Cadman, but it must have passed through my hands—I must have received it from Cadman or from Collingwood—the cheque book will show that I passed it to the other clerks, and received money of them again—these orders I take from the counter clerk, and pay them in to another clerk in the accountant's office, who pays me the money—I am responsible for that money—I advance the money for the payment of them—I pass them on, and get the money back.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The counter clerks are supplied with money from the till?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, and they give me the order; I take it to the accountant's office, and they pay me the money—in the ordinary course of business, this must have passed through my hands.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-155" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-155" type="surname" value="BESSELL"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-155" type="given" value="HULME"/>HULME BESSELL</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk in the accountant's office of the Electric Telegraph Company. It was my duty to receive the orders of Mr. De Conde—I recollect receiving this order from Mr. De Conde, and paying the money to him—I remember it by having recorded it in a book on 3rd Sept.—the order was dated on 2nd Sept., and would be paid on the 3rd.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-156" type="surname" value="SCARTH"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-156" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>FRANCIS SCARTH</persName> </hi>. I am a friend of Mr. Richard Tarrant Harrison. At his request I took an order to the Electric Telegraph Company's office to Weston-super-Mare—in consequence of my having deposited 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. at the time the message was taken, there was afterwards a request made for the return of 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I did not receive any letter containing an order for the 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I afterwards made a second application, at Mr. Harrison's request; I am unable to say when it was, it was after the long vacation—whether the second request was written, or a verbal one was made, I am not able to say—this note (
<hi rend="italic">looking at it</hi>) is my writing—I should think this was the first application</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185501290038"/>
<p>—I have seen Mr. Harrison to-day; he is confined to his bed, and quite unable to come here; a medical man attends him—I was present before the Magistrate—Mr. Harrison was examined; the prisoner was present, and had an opportunity to ask him any questions.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">The deposition of Mr. Harrison was here read, as follows</hi>: "Richard Tarrant Harrison on his oath saith, as follows: I am a special pleader, in Brick-court, Temple. In the month of Aug. last, I had occasion to send an electric message to my sister at Weston-super-Mare—I found I had been overcharged, and I got my friend Mr. Scaife to make an application to the company—I received a letter from Mr. Wilson, inclosing me an order, which I received, and gave a receipt on the order—this is the only sum I received from the company.")</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-157" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-157" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-157" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-157" type="given" value="ELLEN MARIA"/>ELLEN MARIA HARRISON</persName> </hi>. I am the lady to whom the message was sent? I received the message—I did not receive any postage stamps—I received no 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Do you reside at Weston-super-Mare?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I was there then.</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18550129-name-158" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18550129-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-158" type="surname" value="PACKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18550129-name-158" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT PACKMAN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 133). I was called in, and searched the prisoner's desk and lodging—I found a key there—on going to the office a desk or drawer was pointed out to me—the key I found in the prisoner's box would open that drawer, but the drawer was unlocked—I did not find this letter; it had been found previously.</p>
<p>(
<hi rend="italic">William Wilson, secretary to the Melbourne and Colonial House Investment Company, gave the prisoner a good character.</hi>)</p>
<p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18550129-268-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18550129-268-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<</