<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<hi rend="largeCaps">CENTRAL CRIMINAL COURT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HUNTER, MAYOR. FIFTH SESSION</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">A star</hi> (*)
<hi rend="italic">denotes that prisoners have been previously in custody—two stars</hi> (**)
<hi rend="italic">that they have been more than once in custody—An obelisk</hi> (†)
<hi rend="italic">that they are known to be the associates of bad characters.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">LONDON AND MIDDLESEX CASES</hi>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1852.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FAREBROTHER</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN MUSGROVE</hi>, Bart., Ald.; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">ROBERT WALTER CARDEN</hi>, Knt., Ald.; and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CUBITT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Recorder and the First Jury.</hi> </p>
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<interp inst="def1-277-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18520223" type="surname" value="CURRAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-277-18520223" type="given" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BARTHOLOMEW CURRAN</hi> </persName>, was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-277-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-277-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-277-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> for stealing 1 hand
<lb/>kerchief, value 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-2" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-2" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-2" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-2" type="given" value="THOMAS HATFIELD"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-277-offence-1 t18520223-name-2"/>Thomas Hatfield Turner</persName>, from his person: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-277-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-277-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-277-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.*†Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-277-punishment-1" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-277-punishment-1" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-277-punishment-1" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-277-18520223 t18520223-277-punishment-1"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-278-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18520223" type="surname" value="GERALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-278-18520223" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT GERALD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-278-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-278-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-278-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing 1 handkerchief, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-4" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-4" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-4" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-4" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-278-offence-1 t18520223-name-4"/>Henry Hobbs</persName>, from his person, having been before convicted; to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-278-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-278-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-278-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.* Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-278-punishment-2" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-278-punishment-2" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-278-18520223 t18520223-278-punishment-2"/>Transported for Seven Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-279-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18520223" type="surname" value="DASHER"/>
<interp inst="def1-279-18520223" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANDREW DASHER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-279-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-279-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-279-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing 1 handkerchief, value 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-6" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-6" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-6" type="surname" value="KINNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-6" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-279-offence-1 t18520223-name-6"/>George Kinnell</persName>, from his person; having been before convicted; to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-279-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-279-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-279-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.** Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-279-punishment-3" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-279-punishment-3" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-279-18520223 t18520223-279-punishment-3"/>Transported for Seven Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Monday, February</hi> 23
<hi rend="italic">rd</hi>, 1852.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHAPMAN MARSHALL</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">LAWRENCE</hi>; Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSELL GURNEY</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Fifth Jury.</hi> </p>
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<persName id="def1-280-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-280-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18520223" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18520223" type="surname" value="EMMETT"/>
<interp inst="def1-280-18520223" type="given" value="JAMES SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES SAMUEL EMMETT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-280-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-280-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-280-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 4 sovereigns, and other moneys, of
<persName id="t18520223-name-8" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-8" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-8" type="surname" value="FAIRLAM"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-8" type="given" value="ROBERT OTWAY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-280-offence-1 t18520223-name-8"/>Robert Otway Fairlam</persName>: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-280-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-280-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-280-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 16.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-280-punishment-4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-280-punishment-4" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-280-punishment-4" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-280-18520223 t18520223-280-punishment-4"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-281-18520223" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18520223" type="surname" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="def1-281-18520223" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ABRAHAM PAUL</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-281-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-281-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-281-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, feloniously breaking and entering the warehouse of
<persName id="t18520223-name-10" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-10" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-10" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-10" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-281-offence-1 t18520223-name-10"/>John Davis</persName>, and stealing 2 inkstands, and other articles, value 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; his property; having been before convicted: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-281-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-281-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-281-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-281-punishment-5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-281-punishment-5" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-281-18520223 t18520223-281-punishment-5"/>Transported for Seven Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-282-18520223" type="surname" value="LOGIE"/>
<interp inst="def1-282-18520223" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES LOGIE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-282-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-282-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-282-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously forging and uttering a bill of exchange for 18
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CAARTEEN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-12" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-12" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-12" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-12" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN PERKINS</persName> </hi>. I am a cork merchant, and live in Church-lane, White
<lb/>chapel. On 17th Oct. the prisoner was brought to me by a party—I had not known him before—I had known the other party—the prisoner produced this bill to me (
<hi rend="italic">looking at it</hi>)—he said it was for goods sold and delivered to Joseph Simpson, a neighbour of mine—he wanted it discounted—he said he understood I had accommodated a friend of his on one or two occasions, and if I could do it he should feel obliged—I knew Mr. Simpson by repute, and knew where he lived—I discounted the bill, and paid it into my banker's—it was presented when due, and was returned to me—on 16th Jan. I took the bill to Mr. Simpson, and told him I was rather surprised that a bill of to small an amount was returned—I never saw the prisoner afterwards till he was taken into custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you known the prisoner before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; Mr. Bugler, a mast maker, brought him to me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-13" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-13" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-13" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-13" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH SIMPSON</persName> </hi>. I am a potato dealer, and live at 3, Commercial-road. This name on this bill is not my writing—I did not give the prisoner autho
<lb/>rity to put my name to it, nor any one else—I never kept an account at the London and Westminster Bank—there is no other person of my name in the Commercial-road in my line of business.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Had you known the prisoner before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I have known him some years—he was at one time in good business—he never asked me to become his security in a loan society—he never asked me to do so—I never did it for any one in my life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-14" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-14" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-14" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-14" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS RICHARDS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">police-serjeant, 10 M</hi>). I went in search of the pri
<lb/>soner on 2nd Feb., Mr. Simpson was with me—I went to a public-house in Tooley-street; I saw the prisoner there—I asked whether his name was not Logie; he said no—Mr. Simpson came into the room immediately after, and the prisoner then said, "Yes, my name is Logie"—I told him I was a police-officer, and he must consider himself my prisoner, for forging a bill of ex
<lb/>change—he said, "O Lord, O Lord!"—he said at the station, "If they had left it alone one day longer, I should have been able to settle it."</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner received a good character</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-282-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-282-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-282-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 45.—
<hi rend="italic">Recommended to mercy by the Jury,—
<rs id="t18520223-282-punishment-6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-282-punishment-6" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-282-18520223 t18520223-282-punishment-6"/>Transported for Seven Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="def1-283-18520223" type="age" value="19"/>
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<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS DEAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-283-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-283-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-283-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/>, stealing a mare, price 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the property of
<persName id="t18520223-name-16" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-16" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-16" type="surname" value="WREN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-16" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-283-offence-1 t18520223-name-16"/>John Wren</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAYNE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-17" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-17" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-17" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-17" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am ostler, at the Two Brewers, at Ponder's End. On 11th Feb. I had in my charge three horses, one belonging to John Wren, one to Joseph Wren, and one to Mr. Benham—I had racked up these horses about 8 o'clock, and about 9 I was sent on an errand about 100 yards off, and as I was coming back I saw John Wren's mare outside the trough, about 22 yards from the stable door—it had a halter, and the prisoner had hold of the mare—I went to the mare, put my hand on it, and said, "Halloo, old girl, what are you doing here?"—the prisoner pushed me away, and said, "What have you to do with her"—he said Joseph Wren wanted her—I said, "You have made a mistake; you have not got Joseph Wren's mare"—I collared him with one hand, and took the mare with the other—the prisoner got away and ran; I called "Stop him!"—a man took him, and I went and held him till the policeman came—the prisoner wanted me to let him go, and he said</p>
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<p>if any one would lend him a knife, he would rip my guts out—the haiter be
<lb/>longed to me, and the mare to John Wren.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-18" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-18" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-18" type="surname" value="WREN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-18" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH WREN</persName> </hi>. I am a fishmonger, and live at Hoddesden. I kept a horse at the Two Brewers—I know the prisoner—he had worked for me—I did not authorise him on 11th Feb. to take a horse from the Two Brewers—neither mine nor my brother's.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-19" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-19" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-19" type="surname" value="WREN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-19" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN WREN</persName> </hi>. I had a horse at the Two Brewers—I did not authorise the prisoner to take my horse that day, or my brother's—it is nearly twelve months since he did anything for me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-20" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-20" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-20" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-20" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE PAYNE</persName> </hi>. I keep a beer shop at Ponder's End. On the evening of 11th Feb. the prisoner came to my house; he asked if I wanted to buy any dominoes—I said, "No"—he then asked me if I wanted to buy a horse—I said, "No."</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-21" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-21" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-21" type="surname" value="CALDWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-21" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD CALDWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, 275 N</hi>). On the evening of 11th Feb. I took the prisoner, about a quarter past 9 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I went to the stable door, it was on the latch; I went in to look at Joseph Wren's mare; I had not seen her for eight or nine months, and being intoxicated, I took John Wren's; I took her to the trough, and was taking her back when the ostler came up and said, "What do you want;" I said, "I took this in mistake;" he said, "D—your eyes, I will pay you for this;" he thrashed me; I got from him, and ran 200 or 300 yards—I fell down, and a man took me back, and gave me in custody for stealing the horse; I have been living with all the Wren's people on and off for the last four or five years, and was never known to do so before; I was with Joseph the day before, and sold fish at Waltham market for him, and he sent me down the marsh after a horse, as late as 9 o'clock at night; I have been in the habit of going in and out these stables, and did not think it any harm.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-22" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-22" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-22" type="surname" value="CALDWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-22" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD CALDWELL</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> The prisoner was quite sober.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-283-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-283-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-283-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-283-punishment-7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-283-punishment-7" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-283-punishment-7" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-283-18520223 t18520223-283-punishment-7"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">There was another indictment against the prisoner</hi>).</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-284">
<interp inst="t18520223-284" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-284" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-284-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18520223 t18520223-284-offence-1 t18520223-284-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-284-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-284-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18520223" type="age" value="36"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18520223" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="def1-284-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM KING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-284-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-284-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-284-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 carpet bag and some wearing apparel, value 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-24" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-24" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-24" type="surname" value="KAMP"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-24" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-284-offence-1 t18520223-name-24"/>John Kamp</persName>: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-284-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-284-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-284-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 36.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-284-punishment-8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-284-punishment-8" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-284-punishment-8" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-284-18520223 t18520223-284-punishment-8"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-285">
<interp inst="t18520223-285" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-285" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-285-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18520223 t18520223-285-offence-1 t18520223-285-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-285-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-285-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18520223" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18520223" type="surname" value="BURY"/>
<interp inst="def1-285-18520223" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE BURY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-285-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-285-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-285-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 84lbs. weight of lead, value 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-26" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-26" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-26" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-26" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-26" type="occupation" value="tailor, draper"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-285-offence-1 t18520223-name-26"/>Frederick Wyatt</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-27" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-27" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-27" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-27" type="given" value="FELIX"/>FELIX CARTER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 272.) At a quarter to 4 o'clock, on the morning of 17th Feb., I heard a noise in Christopher-court, St. Martin's-le-Grand—I listened, and heard some more noise—I went in the court and watched, and saw the prisoner come from No. 5, Christopher-court, on to the top of another house—I asked him what business he had there—he made no answer—I saw him go in at a window there—I went into the house—I looked out of a window and saw 85lbs. of lead on the roof of a coach-house—I examined the house, and when I was at the top of the house I heard a noise in the prisoner's room—I found some lead had been removed from No. 8, Four Dove-court—there is a communication from that house to the house where the prisoner was—I told the prisoner to let me into the room—he would not, and I burst the door in—I found the prisoner on the bed with his trowsers and shirt on, and as black as a sweep, as I was myself after I had searched the house—I took the prisoner into custody—I compared the lead I found with the place where the lead had been removed from; it exactly corresponded with the place it was taken from—I know the prisoner lived at the house I found him in No. 5—I found this old knife in his coat-pocket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230004"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Had this lead been cut by a knife?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No, it was one sheet all entire, not cut at all.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How long had you known the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About three years—I found him in a room I saw a man go into.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-28" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-28" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-28" type="surname" value="WYATT"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-28" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK WYATT</persName> </hi>. I am a tailor and draper, and live at 8, Four Dove-court. I missed the lead from the top of the house on the morning of 17th Feb., it was there the night before—it had rained the night before, and I went up, and there was the dry dust—I know the prisoner by sight—the premises are mine.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-29" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-29" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-29" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-29" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM JOHNSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 280). I went into the prisoner's house—I went to the third floor—the door had been burst open; I went in, and saw the prisoner lying on the bed—I told him to rise; he made no answer—I took hold of him, and pulled him up—he had his trowsers on—I do not know whether he had his waistcoat on—before I went in the room, I heard something fall very heavy at the back of the premises, No. 8—I went to the spot, and found this lead; I took it to the station—I found this knife in the window in the prisoner's room—I looked out of the window, and saw some mortar rubbed down, and several tiles broken.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I know nothing, at all about it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-285-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-285-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-285-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.†Aged 23.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-285-punishment-9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-285-punishment-9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-285-punishment-9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-285-18520223 t18520223-285-punishment-9"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Russell Gurney, Esq.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-286">
<interp inst="t18520223-286" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-286" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-286-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18520223 t18520223-286-offence-1 t18520223-286-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-286-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-286-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18520223" type="age" value="28"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18520223" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="def1-286-18520223" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">RICHARD FITZGERALD</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-286-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-286-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-286-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 5 printed books, value 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-31" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-31" type="surname" value="FLUDE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-31" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-31" type="occupation" value="keeps a book shop"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-286-offence-1 t18520223-name-31"/>James Flude</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-32" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-32" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-32" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-32" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY HILL</persName> </hi>. I am in the service of Mr. James Flude; he keeps a book shop, in Postern-row, Tower-hill; he has books outside. On 18th Feb. I saw the prisoner take some books from there—I had not known him before—he went off; I ran after him—he had got three or four doors from the shop—I asked him for the books he had stolen—he said nothing, but threw the books down, and ran away—the policeman came back with him—I am sure he is the same person I had seen take the books—these are the books—it was about half-past 6 o'clock in the evening.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> Did you follow the person?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I returned to my master's shop—I allowed the person to go off—you were brought back in about five minutes—I am sure you are the man that took the books.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-33" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-33" type="surname" value="GURNON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-33" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW GURNON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">police-sergeant, H</hi> 10). I was on duty on 18th Feb.; I heard a cry of "Stop thief!"and saw the prisoner running from Postern
<lb/>row towards Tower-hill—I went and took him—I did not see him when Hill was with him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was returning from Tower-hill, about half-past 6 o'clock that evening; the policeman came to me, and accused me of stealing the books; I told him I knew nothing about them; he took me round a back street to the prosecutor's, where this boy took a lot of books from a lot of others, and said, "That is the man, and these are the books he stole; "I am quite innocent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-286-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-286-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-286-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 28.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-286-punishment-10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-286-punishment-10" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-286-punishment-10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-286-18520223 t18520223-286-punishment-10"/>Confined Two Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-287">
<interp inst="t18520223-287" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-287" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-287-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18520223 t18520223-287-offence-1 t18520223-287-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-287-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-287-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18520223" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18520223" type="surname" value="HOBDEN"/>
<interp inst="def1-287-18520223" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ALFRED HOBDEN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-287-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-287-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-287-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing a handkerchief, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-35" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-35" type="surname" value="REDGATE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-35" type="given" value="THOMAS JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-35" type="occupation" value="provision-merchant"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-287-offence-1 t18520223-name-35"/>Thomas Joseph Redgate</persName>, from his person.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-36" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-36" type="surname" value="REDGATE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-36" type="given" value="THOMAS JOSEPH"/>THOMAS JOSEPH REDGATE</persName> </hi>. I am a provision merchant, and reside in George-street. On the evening of 10th Feb., I was crossing Tower-hill, I felt my pocket moved by some one—I turned round, and saw the prisoner behind me—I laid hold of him—he said, "I have not your handkerchief"—I put my hand into his pocket, and took my handkerchief from him—this is it—it had been in my pocket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230005"/>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> What made you take it till the policeman came up?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Because I knew by your manner that you had got it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I had not got it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-287-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-287-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-287-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 21.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-287-punishment-11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-287-punishment-11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-287-punishment-11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18520223 t18520223-287-punishment-11"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-288">
<interp inst="t18520223-288" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-288" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-288-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18520223 t18520223-288-offence-1 t18520223-288-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-288-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-288-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18520223" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18520223" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-288-18520223" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">GEORGE SMITH</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-288-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-288-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-288-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 truck, value 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-38" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-38" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-38" type="surname" value="KIRKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-38" type="given" value="GEORGE BUCHANAN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-288-offence-1 t18520223-name-38"/>George Buchanan Kirkman</persName> and another.—2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, receiving the same.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-39" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-39" type="surname" value="POWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-39" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM POWELL</persName> </hi>. I am porter to George Buchanan Kirkman and another, 5, Old Fish-street-hill. On 29th Jan., I missed a long spring truck, which had been left in front of the warehouse door—I had been out with some goods, and had left it there soon after 5 o'clock—it was worth 5
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—it was afterwards brought by a person named Taylor—there was the name of G. B. Kirkman, 5, Old Fish-street, City, on it—when I saw it again it was partly scraped off; I could make out some of it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-40" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-40" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-40" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-40" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN TAYLOR</persName> </hi>. I am a trunk and packing-case maker, and live in Queen's-row, Cambridge-road. I know the prisoner—in consequence of what I heard from Mr. Cannon, I bought a truck of the prisoner on 31st Jan. for 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I told him I would not buy it without I saw the owner—he said I could not see the owner, she was a widow lady, living in George-court, Leicester-square—I said I would not buy it till he brought a bill and receipt, and he brought this—(
<hi rend="italic">read</hi>—"Mary Taylor, 6, George-court, I truck, 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.")—I paid 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to the prisoner, and 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. to Mr. Cannon, for bringing me the truck—I observed on it a portion of a name scratched out—I got a scrubbing-brush, and in a short time I made out the name, "George Buchanan Kirkman, 5, Old Fish-street, City"—I made off to Mr. Kirkman, and gave the truck to the last witness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-41" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-41" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-41" type="surname" value="CANNON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-41" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM CANNON</persName> </hi>. I am a wheelwright, and live in Suffolk-street, Cam
<lb/>bridge-road. I have known the prisoner three weeks, or a month—he brought me a truck on 31st Jan.; he had said, a fortnight or three weeks before, that he knew a woman who had got one to sell—he said it belonged to a widow, in Covent-garden market, and he was porter there, and she wanted to sell it, as she was going into the country—I asked Mr. Taylor if he would buy it, as I had not got the money—I received 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for bringing the parties together.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-42" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-42" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-42" type="surname" value="SAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-42" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SAYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, G</hi> 68). I took the prisoner; I told him it was for stealing a truck—he said he knew nothing about it—I took him to the Compter—he then said he did not steal the truck, a person named Charles Low, living in Drury-lane, gave it him.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I got the truck from Charles Low; he met me in Long-acre, and asked me if I knew where to sell a truck; he said, "Mrs. Taylor gave me a truck to sell, I have not got time to sell it; "he showed me the truck in Drury-lane, and three days afterwards I went to Mr. Cannon; I went and told Low, and he gave me a shilling to take the truck down; he told me to ask 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for it, but not to take less than 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I took it to Mr. Cannon, he had not the money, and he took me to Taylor; he said he would only give me 30
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. for it; I said I could not take it; I went back to Low, and he said, "Take it, and I will meet you in Smithfield;" I said, "Give me a bill," and he gave it me; I met Low in Smithfield, he gave me a shilling for my trouble, and I have not seen him since.</p>
<rs id="t18520223-288-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-288-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-288-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi> on 2
<hi rend="italic">nd</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi> </rs>. Aged 25.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-288-punishment-12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-288-punishment-12" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-288-punishment-12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-288-18520223 t18520223-288-punishment-12"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-289">
<interp inst="t18520223-289" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-289" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-289-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-289-18520223 t18520223-289-offence-1 t18520223-289-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-289-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-289-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18520223" type="age" value="38"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18520223" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-289-18520223" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">CHARLES NICHOLLS</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-289-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-289-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-289-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> for feloniously marrying
<persName id="t18520223-name-44" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-44" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-44" type="surname" value="PETCH"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-44" type="given" value="ELIZABETH ANN"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-289-offence-1 t18520223-name-44"/>Eliza
<lb/>beth Ann Petch</persName>, his wife being alive: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-289-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-289-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-289-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 38.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-289-punishment-13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-289-punishment-13" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-289-punishment-13" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-287-18520223 t18520223-289-punishment-13"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-290">
<interp inst="t18520223-290" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-290" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-290-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18520223 t18520223-290-offence-1 t18520223-290-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-290-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-290-18520223 t18520223-290-offence-1 t18520223-290-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-290-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-290-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18520223" type="age" value="24"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18520223" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-290-18520223" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS BUTLER</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-290-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-290-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18520223" type="age" value="33"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18520223" type="surname" value="MARLEY"/>
<interp inst="def2-290-18520223" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ROBERT MARLEY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-290-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-290-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-290-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/>, breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18520223-name-47" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-47" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-47" type="surname" value="SHAYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-47" type="given" value="JAMES ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-47" type="occupation" value="furrier"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-290-offence-1 t18520223-name-47"/>James Robert Shayler</persName>, and stealing therefrom 804 rabbit skins, and other goods, value 28
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; his property.—2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, receiving the same</rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230006"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-48" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-48" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-48" type="surname" value="PATTERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-48" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>ANDREW PATTERSON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 87). On Friday night, 6th Feb., I saw Butler on Snow-hill, from twenty minutes to a quarter to 12 o'clock—he was on a
<hi rend="italic">cab</hi>, coming off the stand—he went to the end of George-court, Snow-hill, left the
<hi rend="italic">cab</hi>, and went to the George public-house—I kept watch, and saw him come out of the house with Marley, who was carrying this bag—I asked him what he had got—he said he should not tell me—I was not satisfied, and looked in the bag; but previous to my opening it, he said they were rabbit skins—I opened the bag, and found they were rabbit skins—I asked where he got them from—he said he should not tell me—from some information I went to Mr. Wickenden, 9, Duke-street, Snow-hill, on Monday, 9th Feb.; I saw Mr. Wickenden, and put some questions to him—the prisoners were not there.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-49" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-49" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-49" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY BUTLER</persName> </hi>. I live at 18, West-street, Spa-road, Bermondsey, and am in the employ of Mr. Elwood, 164, Aldersgate-street. I went to Mr. Wickenden's house on the morning of 9th Feb.—I went into the kitchen, and took from there three bags—there were some rabbit skins there; I took them, and some musquash skins, which are American skins—I took them to Mr. Shayler, the prosecutor.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-50" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-50" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-50" type="surname" value="ARCHER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-50" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN ARCHER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, G</hi> 217). I assisted in taking the skins out of the
<hi rend="italic">cab</hi> brought by the last witness to Mr. Shayler's door—on the morning of the 7th I went to examine the premises—information had been brought that they had been broken—I found that there had been a place from the street where coals had been in the habit of being shot down—I went into the cellar, and found some bricks had been broken away—I found footmarks which I traced along the cellar, and up the steps to the warehouse—what I saw led me to the conclusion that the premises had been opened and some property taken away.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M'MAHON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Where was this cellar?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Under the warehouse—there are two small houses taken, and made one warehouse—it it all under one roof—there is a door leading from one to the other which was open.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-51" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-51" type="surname" value="SHAYLER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-51" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES SHAYLER</persName> </hi>. I am a furrier, and live at 82, St. John-street-road, and at 21, Little Saffron-hill. I have seen these furs produced; these rabbit skins are my own, there musquash skins are Mr. Barnard Muller's, a furrier in Aldersgate-street; they were sent to me to dye. I know nothing of Marley—Butler had been in my employ about nine months—he must have known there were rabbit skins kept in that place—these were taken from the warehouse—previous to 7th of Feb. these had been deposited in the pasting room on the first-floor—these were taken from the pasting room—my resi
<lb/>dence is half a mile away—I did not go and see the wall broken—I did not miss any skins, but we found fifty-five dozen that were sent down on the 5th—they were in one bag, and they were gone; and sixty-five or sixty-six dozen of wild, and sixty dozen of tame rabbit skins—they were all brought, with the exception of seven or eight skins.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Have you all the skins here?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; these are some of the skins—these five are wild rabbit skins—these two are musquash—sometimes one rabbit skin is as like another as one egg is to another—I lost a number of skins—these are like what I lost—Butler had worked for me before—I can swear to the skins, these are a peculiar lot, and this skin bears my name on it—these skins bear the mark of B M on them—there are many traders in the fur line.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230007"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-52" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-52" type="surname" value="HOFFMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-52" type="given" value="CONRAD"/>CONRAD HOFFMAN</persName> </hi>. I recollect some skins being in the pasting room at Mr. Shaylers, on 6th Feb. at half-past six o'clock—I shot up the warehouse, and all the places were fastened—next morning I went at 8 o'clock, I found the street door open—on getting in it was easy to get into the pasting room—the keys were kept in my pasting room up stairs—I had seen Butler three or four weeks back, close to the door where Mr. Shayler's house is.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You saw him near to Mr. Shayler's house, in the street?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; my master's house is in the public street.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-53" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-53" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-53" type="surname" value="DELARE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-53" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>SUSANNAH DELARE</persName> </hi>. I am a laundress, and live at 7, Saffron-hill, right opposite Mr. Shayler's warehouse—I know the prisoner Butler, and I have frequently seen Marley with him—on Friday evening, 6th Feb., about a quarter before 8 o'clock, I saw two men standing opposite Mr. Shayler's pre
<lb/>mises—I will not swear to the men—one was standing with his elbow on the window cill—the other one who had whiskers, crossed over opposite my door—I should say the prisoners are the men by their appearance, but I will not swear it—I saw them again at 8, at the same place—I saw them three times—I could recognise them each time by their dress, but their features I will not swear to.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You had a good opportunity of seeing the men?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I will not swear these are the men—the street is not wide—it is a thoroughfare for everybody—Little Saffron-hill is a well known thoroughfare—there was light enough, and I took notice enough—I swear that the man with the whiskers crossed over, and the other who had none stood against the door.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Do you believe the prisoners are the men?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, but I will not swear it; I believe that from what I saw of the men.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-54" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-54" type="surname" value="GROVER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-54" type="given" value="JOHN GEORGE"/>JOHN GEORGE GROVER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 294). On Friday night, 6th Feb., I saw the two prisoners, 5 or 10 minutes before 11 o'clock, coming from Smithfield-bars, and turning to King-street, in a direction from the prosecu
<lb/>tor's premises—Butler had a bag with him, and Marley walked close by his side—this bag is like the one Butler was carrying—it appeared to be about three-parts full, and tied down, with a string round it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Is that a distance of more than a mile from the pro
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> About a mile, I should say; it might be three quarters.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-55" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-55" type="surname" value="WICKENDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-55" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WICKENDEN</persName> </hi>. I live at 9, Duke-street, Smithfield. Butler came to me on Friday, 6th Feb., between 8 and 9 o'clock, to take a workshop of me—I had known him in the furrier line—he and another man brought a bag on my premises—I have a slight idea that Marley was the other man, but I will not swear to it—the policemen afterwards came—I showed them the bags, and they were taken from my premises.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> How long had you known Butler?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Some little time, only by seeing him, perhaps for twelve months—I never knew any
<lb/>thing particular about him—I always thought he was a respectable young fellow—I always knew he bore a good character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-56" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-56" type="surname" value="LISTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-56" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT LISTER</persName> </hi>. I live in Artillery-place, Bermondsey; I drive a
<hi rend="italic">cab</hi> for Mr. Matthew Wood, of Freeschool-street. I know Marley—on Friday, 6th Feb., he came to me on my rank, and told me he wanted me to go to George-court, Snow-hill, to take a fare to go to Cold bath-fields—I went there, and pulled up, and the policeman came up and said, "Where are you going?"—I said, "To Cold bath-fields"—he stood there, and while he was there the prisoners came with a bag.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Marley. Q.</hi> Do you swear I came and fetched the
<hi rend="italic">cab</hi> from the stand?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230008"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-57" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-57" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-57" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>ALFRED COOPER</persName> </hi>. I am a brass-finisher, and live in Christopher-court. I was at Mr. Wickenden's shop on Friday, 6th Feb.—I saw two men come there with some bags—I do not know whether there were two bags or three, but they had a bag each—they put them down stairs into the kitchen—I did not observe the appearance of the men at all.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Were the bags full or empty?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They appeared three-parts full; that was about half-past 8 o'clock.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Marley.</hi> I was desired to carry a bag to George-court that evening; the policeman says that Butler hired the
<hi rend="italic">cab</hi>, and the caiman says I hired it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Butler received a good character, and was recommended to mercy by the Prosecutor.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BUTLER</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-290-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-290-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-290-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY on the Second Count</rs> </hi>. Aged 24.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARLEY</hi>
<rs id="t18520223-290-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-290-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-290-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>. Aged 33.
<hi rend="italic">On the Second Count</hi> </rs>.—
<rs id="t18520223-290-punishment-14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-290-punishment-14" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-290-punishment-14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-290-18520223 t18520223-290-punishment-14"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-290-18520223 t18520223-290-punishment-14"/>
<hi rend="italic">Confined Nine Months</hi> </rs>.</p> </div1>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, Feb.</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1852.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FAREBROTHER</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHAPMAN MARSHALL</hi>, Knt. Ald.;</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>, and Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">CUBITT</hi>.</p>
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<interp inst="t18520223-291" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-291" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-291-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18520223 t18520223-291-offence-1 t18520223-291-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-291-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-291-18520223 t18520223-291-offence-1 t18520223-291-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-291-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-291-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18520223" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="def1-291-18520223" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FREDERICK MARTIN</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-291-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-291-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18520223" type="surname" value="JOY"/>
<interp inst="def2-291-18520223" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MICHAEL JOY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-291-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-291-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-291-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18520223-name-60" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-60" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-60" type="surname" value="LANGWORTHY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-60" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-291-offence-1 t18520223-name-60"/>Rebecca Langworthy</persName>, and stealing 3 shawls, 2 table-cloths, 3 locks and other articles, value 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in money, her property: to which</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTIN</hi> pleaded
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-291-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-291-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-291-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-291-punishment-15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-291-punishment-15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-291-punishment-15" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-291-18520223 t18520223-291-punishment-15"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">Upon</hi> Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. M'MAHON'S</hi>
<hi rend="italic">opening, the</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>
<hi rend="italic">considered that there was no case against Joy.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOY</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-291-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-291-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-291-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-292">
<interp inst="t18520223-292" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-292" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-292-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18520223 t18520223-292-offence-1 t18520223-292-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-292-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-292-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18520223" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="def1-292-18520223" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN GILBERT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-292-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-292-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-292-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/>, feloniously forging and uttering a bill of exchange for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; with intent to defraud.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-62" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-62" type="surname" value="BOORE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-62" type="given" value="WILLIAM CHARLES"/>WILLIAM CHARLES BOORE</persName> </hi>. I am a clerk, in the London Joint-stock Bank, Princes-street, Mr. Christie is one of the trustees, and is also a pro
<lb/>prietor. On 4th Feb. this bill of exchange for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was pre
<lb/>sented at our bank—it was paid—it purports to bear the acceptance of W.S. Orr, and Co., who are customers of ours—it is like their acceptance—I have not got my books here.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-63" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-63" type="surname" value="WESSEL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-63" type="given" value="CHARLES RUDOLPH HUGH"/>CHARLES RUDOLPH HUGH WESSEL</persName> </hi>. This bill of exchange was paid into the Union Bank, Princes-street, on 28th Dec., by a customer of ours named Davis, of Railway-place, Fenchurch-street.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When was it due.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> 4th Feb.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-64" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-64" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-64" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DAVIS</persName> </hi>. I have an office at Railway-place, Fenchurch-street—I bank at the Union Bank, Princes-street—I know the prisoner—on 9th Dec. I received this bill of exchange from him—he asked me to discount it—I did so—on 3rd Feb. he came to my private residence at Homerton, late in the evening, and said Messrs. Orr wished the bill held back for a few days, and not to be presented at the London Joint-stock Bank—he requested me to pay the bill the following morning, and handed me over 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. to prevent its being presented—next morning, Feb., 4th, I went to the Union Bank with the money as I had promised him the previous evening, and found the bill had gone out—I left the money with the clerk who has possession of the bills, supposing the bill would not be paid—that is the usual course—it was payable at the London Joint-stock Bank—about three o'clock that afternoon the prisoner called and said he had better leave it as long as he could, in order that there might</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230009"/>
<p>be no difficulty in getting the bill, the clerk might not be back—I had been down at 2, and the clerk had not returned with the bill—he called again at 4, and I told him he had better go with me to the Union Bank—he did so, and the clerk told me the bill had been paid in due coarse—he returned me the 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which I had left in the morning, which I handed over to the prisoner—this is my endorsement on the bill.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> He brought you the whole money in notes?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; a 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. and a 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. note—the amount I had given him a cheque for was 107
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—I charged 2
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. interest.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-65" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-65" type="surname" value="ORE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-65" type="given" value="WILLIAM SOMERVILLE"/>WILLIAM SOMERVILLE ORE</persName> </hi>. I am a bookseller, and publisher, of Amen corner, Paternoster-row. I know the prisoner—I have employed him as an engineer—he put me up a steam engine and boiler, and did other things in a printing-office which I was establishing—part of the arrangement was, that he was to be paid with a bill at nine months—when the hydraulic press was put up he applied to me for a settlement, and stated that a nine months' bill was too long a date for him to use, and requested me to give him one at six months on his undertaking to extend the credit at the proper time when it became due—this bill became due in Nov., he applied to me for it some time in May—in Dec. I had occasion to see him on this business, and I said I did not want the whole of the bill used, and gave him a six months' bill, falling due about 29th or 30th Nov. or 1st Dec.—on 2nd Dec in the morning I received a draft from him for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. accepted—the amount of the first bill was 180
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and it was renewed to the amount of 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I accepted his draft for that sum on 2nd Dec., at two months date—it has been paid—it was dated the 1st, accepted on the 2nd, and fell due on 4th Feb,—this is not ray ac
<lb/>ceptance (
<hi rend="italic">looking at the bill</hi>)—but it is so close an imitation of my writing that I should not have known it myself unless the other had been paid previously—I did not authorise the prisoner to draw two bills at any time—I never gave him more than one bill for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and this is not it—this bill was not written by my authority.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> This bill has been paid not out of your account, but by money paid into the bank?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; it was paid out of my account—it was paid on 4th, and on 5th 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. stands to my credit in the bank books, which I knew nothing about—I have not got my pass book here—I am sure it was on the 5th—the bank open a fresh account of all that is paid in after half past 3 o'clock, which goes to the account of the next day.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Then, although it appears to have been paid in on the 5th, it may have been paid in on the 4th, between half-past 3 and 4 o'clock?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-66" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-66" type="surname" value="SPITTLE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-66" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN SPITTLE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 9). I took the prisoner on 15th Feb., at his factory, in Boston-street, Hackney-road—I said, "I have just come from Mr. Davis, of Homerton, who discounted a bill for 110
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for you, with the acceptance of Mr. Orr, of Amen-corner; I wish you to account for how you became possessed of that, for that acceptance is a forgery?"—I was not in uniform, but I had told him before that I was an officer—he said he remem
<lb/>bered receiving a bill of that amount from Mr. Orr, but he could not say to whom he had paid it—I said, "You paid a genuine bill of that amount to Mr. Ford, of Leadenhall-street; will you account for the second bill for that amount, which you gave to Davis?"—he said he had no recollection of a second bill, nor could he say whether he paid the one he received from Mr. Orr, to Ford or to Davis.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You heard him say he was quite innocent of having any felonious intention?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230010"/>
<hi rend="italic">The bill being read, was dated London, Dec. 1st, 1851, drawn by John Gilbert and Co., on J.V. S. Orr and Co., purporting to be accepted, payable at the London Joint Stock Bank, in the name of W. S. Orr and Co., for </hi>110
<hi rend="italic">l., payable to order two months after date.</hi>) The prisoner received a good character.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in addressing the Jury, urged upon them that they could not find the prisoner Guilty, unless they were satisfied that the forging or uttering of the bill in question was accompanied with an intent to defraud, which, he submitted, was negatived by the prisoner's conduct, in endeavouring to meet the bill, and so preventing injury to any party. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">in sum
<lb/>ming up, directed the Jury, that if they were of opinion that the prisoner had either forged the bill, or uttered it, knowing it to have been forged, representing it to be genuine, although he might have intended to meet it before it became due, still they were bound, according to decisions of the Judges, almost as a matter of law, and also as a matter of common sense, to conclude the existence of an intent to de
<lb/>fraud. Mr. Baron Alderson (in Reg. v. Hill, Moody's Crown Cases, p. 30), had told the Jury, that if they were satisfied that the prisoner uttered the bill, knowing at the time that it was a forgery, and meaning that the party to whom he uttered it should believe it to be genuine, they were bound to infer that he intended to de
<lb/>fraud. Mr. Justice Patteson (in Reg. v. Cooke, 8 Carrand Pagne, 582) had held, "If the prisoner at the time he uttered this bill knew that the acceptance was forged, and meant the bill to be taken as a bill with a genuine acceptance upon it, the inevitable conclusion is, that he intended to defraud: that was the opinion of the Judges in a late case reserved for their consideration: there was an earlier case, of Rex v. James, tried before me at Gloucester, in which I did not lay down this proposition strongly enough, but the law upon the point is as I have now stated."Mr. Baron Parke had also held" a person is guilty of forgery, not withstanding he may himself intend ultimately to take up the bill, and may suppose that the party whose name is forged will be no loser: if in the present case you are satisfied that the prisoner knew this acceptance to be forged, and uttered it as true, and believed that the bankers would advance money on it which they would not otherwise do, that is ample evidence of an intent to defraud, and evidence upon which a Jury ought to act: it appears tha this bill has been since paid by the prisoner; but that will make no difference, if the offence has been once completed at the time of uttering." The result of those opinions amounted to this, that if a man forged or uttered a bill, intending that it should pass as a genuine bill, without informing those to whom he passed it, that it was not genuine, then, in the very act of uttering it he would be guilty of uttering it knowing it to have been forged; and the law and common sense together would bind the Jury to come to the conclusion that he intended to defraud, although it was, of course, in their power to come to a different result.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">requested the Recorder to put the point thus to the Jury, that although the first presumption raised by the uttering would be an intention to defraud, yet that that intent might be rebutted by the conduct of the prisoner. The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">declined to place a proposition in those terms before the Jury: he did not put it as a matter of absolute law, but would adopt the very cautious expression of Mr. Justice Patteson, that it was "almost a matter of law."</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">found the prisoner Guilty of Uttering, but desired strongly to recommend him to the consideration of the Court, unanimously believing that he had no intention to defraud.—The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">could not receive such a findings and requested the Jury to reconsider their verdict.</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">urged</hi> that the finding of the Jury should be recorded in its very terms. The
<hi rend="smallCaps">RECORDER</hi>
<hi rend="italic">could not consent to that course, but would take a note of the matter, and commu
<lb/>nicate with the Judges.—The</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">JURY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">then found the prisoner</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-292-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-292-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-292-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>,
<hi rend="italic">and strongly</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">recommended him to mercy</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-292-punishment-16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-292-punishment-16" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-292-punishment-16" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-292-18520223 t18520223-292-punishment-16"/>Upon a subsequent day he was sentenced to be Imprisoned for Four Months.</rs> </hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-293">
<interp inst="t18520223-293" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-293" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-293-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-293-18520223 t18520223-293-offence-1 t18520223-293-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-293-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-293-18520223 t18520223-293-offence-1 t18520223-293-verdict-2"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230011"/>
<persName id="def1-293-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-293-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18520223" type="surname" value="MADDOX"/>
<interp inst="def1-293-18520223" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">THOMAS MADDOX</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-293-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-293-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-293-18520223" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-293-18520223" type="surname" value="AYLING"/>
<interp inst="def2-293-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM AYLING</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-293-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-293-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-293-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18520223-name-69" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-69" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-69" type="surname" value="YELD"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-69" type="given" value="ISABELLA"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-293-offence-1 t18520223-name-69"/>Isabella Yeld</persName>, and stealing 3 spoons, and 1 canister, value 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., her property; and 13 ozs. of tea, 2 needle cases, 1 knife, and 1 ornament, value 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-70" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-70" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-70" type="surname" value="CROWE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-70" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-70" type="occupation" value="servant"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-293-offence-1 t18520223-name-70"/>Catherine Crowe</persName>: to which</rs> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MADDOX</hi> pleaded
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-293-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-293-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-293-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">He received a good character.—
<rs id="t18520223-293-punishment-17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-293-punishment-17" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-293-punishment-17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-293-18520223 t18520223-293-punishment-17"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARNELL</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-71" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-71" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-71" type="surname" value="CROW"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-71" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE CROW</persName> </hi>. I am servant to Mrs. Isabella Yeld, who lives at 35, Queen's-road, St. John's-wood. On Friday night, 23rd Jan., I left the kitchen at half-past 9 o'clock—I fastened the window and shutter securely; I then went up to my mistress's room, and remained there till 10, when we all went to bed—I did not go to the kitchen again that night—I went to it again next morning, at a quarter to 7—I found the kitchen door thrown open—I had left it closed the night before—I found the three drawers of the kitchen dresser wide open—the shutter was quite down, a pane of glass broken, and the top sash of the window quite down—an iron bar was wrenched out—there were marks on the shutter which the policeman examined—I missed some tea, a needle case, a knife, a small ivory ornament, and three spoons—I have since seen them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> The whole ofthe articles were not of any great value, were they?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I heard no noise in the night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-72" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-72" type="surname" value="KEED"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-72" type="given" value="GEORGE FRANKS"/>GEORGE FRANKS KEED</persName> </hi>. I am an ironmonger, living in Crawford-street. Maddox was in my employment—Mrs. Yeld is a customer of mine—on Sat
<lb/>urday, 24th Jan., I saw a needle case, some tea, and some spoons in Maddox'a cost pocket—I sent to the station for the inspector, and a constable took the things.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> I suppose Maddox had been a respectable young man up to that time?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I believe he had—I never heard anything against him previous to this—he was with me more than twelve months—his wages were 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. a week.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARNELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were you aware of his having been taken into custody some time before, for being in a garden in the New road?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; but I did not know it till the policeman told me.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-73" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-73" type="surname" value="BATTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-73" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BATTIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 236). I produce a needle case which I got from Mr. Keed, and some other things which I took from Maddox.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-74" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-74" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-74" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CLARK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 268). On 24th Jan., in consequence of infor
<lb/>mation, I went to 11, Queen-street, Oxford-street, where Ayling lives—I knew he lived there from information I received—after waiting there some time he came home, and I took him into custody—I told him he must con
<lb/>sider himself in custody for being concerned with another one, in custody, in breaking into a house in Queen's-road last night—he said, "Very well; I was out all last night with a person of the name of Maddox, and we went to several public houses together"—I searched his room, and there fonnd a screwdriver and a knife saw (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>)—the knife saw looked as if it had been recently used, there were small pieces of sawdust in the teeth of it—they appeared to be fresh—I found on Ayling a small white veil or fall—on bis way to the station he said, he wished he had kept out of Maddox's com
<lb/>pany, and he should not have been where he was then—I knew them both before—I have seen them in company together several times—I have some spoons which I found in a coat pocket belonging to Maddox I went to the prosecutrix's premises on Monday, 26th Jan.—I found some marks outside</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230012"/>
<p>the shutters—I compared those marks with the screw driver; I found they corresponded exactly—as far as I could judge, they appeared to have been made by that instrument.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You say you have seen them together; you have seen them drinking together, have you not?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I saw them in custody together before—they were discharged on that occasion by the inspector, without being taken before a Magistrate—this fall has not been claimed by the prosecutrix—sometimes people go about with things similar to this over their faces to disguise themselves when they commit depredations—I have seen several such cases in the paper.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-75" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-75" type="surname" value="LUCKING"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-75" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY LUCKING</persName> </hi>. I am a linkman. On Friday night, 93rd Jan., I was pursuing my avocation at 22, Acacia-road, from about 9 o'clock at night, till between 3 and 4 in the morning—Acacia-road is about 200 yards from the Queen's-road—I saw both the prisoners at about half-past 1, or a quarter to 2—they were going towards the Queen's-road from the Eyre Arms—I spoke to Ayling, and said, "Good night," or "Good morning," and he returned it—I took notice of them—I can speak confidently as to their being the two—Madox had a brown coat on at the time, and had his hands in his pockets.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> Did you know them before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-76" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-76" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-76" type="surname" value="CROW"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-76" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>CATHERINE CROW</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> This is my needle case, and these are he other things I lost.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-77" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-77" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-77" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CLARK</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PAERY</hi>. I examined some footmarks in the road, over the two walls, at the back of Mrs. Yeld's bouse—I found the traces of only one person—I saw the marks of corduroy trowsers; Maddox had corduroy trowsers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PEARNELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> At the place where you saw those footmarks, could they have got into the front kitchen window?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, it was leading round to the window—the footmarks were at the back, in the garden—there are two walls, which they must have got over, and gone through a door, leading from the back of the house to the front—a person could get from there to the kitchen window without going into the Queen's-road.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> How did you compare the screw-driver?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I placed it against the window frame, and found it corresponded exactly; I put the screw-driver into the impression—I had examined it before I did so, by merely looking at it—I did not measure the mark—the wood was rather soft—I saw no marks on the premises of any saw.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARRY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">called</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-78" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-78" type="surname" value="MADDOX"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-78" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS MADDOX</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">the prisoner</hi>). I went to Mr. Keed's to work, in Dec, 1850, and remained there till about a month ago—I have confessed to committing this crime—Ayling was in my company that evening; I had been with him drinking at several public-houses that evening—I was in his com
<lb/>pany till just after the linkman saw him with me—the linkman did see us, and wish us good night—I missed Ayling when I got over the wall; I did not see him when I came back.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had he anything to do with the robbery; tell the truth?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> He knew of it the same night, but he did not have anything to do with it—he did not share the plunder in any way—I missed him suddenly; I thought he was following me—I did not see him again till he was in custody.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARNELL</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Then you did not see him when you came from Mrs. Yeld's?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I did not—I did not look about for him—I went straight home; I got home about half-past 4 o'clock—I had to be at Mr. Keed's about 7—the inspector was sent for between 1 and 2—I was</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230013"/>
<p>just going to my diuner—I had not arranged to meet Ay ling in the course of the day—I had no time, because I missed him—I went to the back of the house first—I had told him of the robbery the same evening, in Crawford-street, when I left off work—he was then waiting there for me—I had not mentioned it to him before that—I left work at 8, and went to Mr. Gates's public-house, at the corner of Wy ndham-place—it was there that I mentioned it to him—that was about 9—he remained in my company from then till 2—the Queen's-road was not in bis way home—I was not going to any other place than Mrs. Yeld's—the last public house we went to was, I think, the United States, in Oxford-street—we had walked all the way from Oxford-street to the Queen's-road—we bad passed Avenue-road, and just as I got to the wall of Mrs. Yeld's, Ayling disappeared—he had often been out with me before at night, and in the daytime too—it was in the night-time that we were found in the garden in the New-road, about a quarter to I—we were going home, having a
<hi rend="italic">lark</hi>, and seeing the gate open, I pushed Ayling in, and shut myself out; we were not both in the garden, he was inside, and I was out
<lb/>side—I was going to let him out, and found that the catch of the lock was broken—I saw a boy watching us, and said to Ayling, "You had better get over the gate, I can't open it—he got over, and we were taken into custody by two policemen, at the corner of Quebec-street, and were discharged at the station—I opened the window with a screw driver; I had bought it a fort
<lb/>night before—I threw it away in the canal as I crossed the bridge—I do not know that Ayling knew I had got a screw driver, I never told him—when I told him I was going to break into Mrs. Yeld's that night, he said he would take a walk with me—that was all he said—we had ne more conversation about it as we walked up the Avenue-road—we were not looking about for the police, there was no occasion; there were none there, as I knew—I cannot say whether it is three or four months ago that we were found in the garden—Aylmg is a gentleman's servant; he has been out of place about six months.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. PARRY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> As regards being in this garden, did you tell the inspector the same story as you have told us, and were you discharged?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I was searched and nothing was found on me—this screw-driver it not the one I used on this night, nor the saw—we bad both been drinking a good deal; we were both very near drunk.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">AYLING</hi>
<rs id="t18520223-293-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-293-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-293-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>,
<hi rend="italic">as an accessory before the fact</hi> </rs>.—Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-293-punishment-18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-293-punishment-18" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-293-punishment-18" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-293-18520223 t18520223-293-punishment-18"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-294">
<interp inst="t18520223-294" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-294" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-294-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-294-18520223 t18520223-294-offence-1 t18520223-294-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-294-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-294-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18520223" type="surname" value="REVEL"/>
<interp inst="def1-294-18520223" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PETER REVEL</hi> </persName>,
<rs id="t18520223-294-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-294-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-294-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18520223-name-80" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-80" type="surname" value="FULSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-80" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-80" type="occupation" value="easy chair maker"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-294-offence-1 t18520223-name-80"/>Henry Fulstone</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRIARLY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-81" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-81" type="surname" value="FULSTONE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-81" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY FULSTONE</persName> </hi>. I am an easy chair maker, of 127, Long-alley, Moorfields—I know the prisoner, and gave him a job once, about two years and a half ago—on 2nd Feb. I went to bed about half-past II o'clock; the doors were all fast—I sleep in the back parlour which looks into Sugar-loaf-court—I did not observe the window, as I did not know the sash opened—it was shut when I went to bed—next morning I was awoke by the opening of the drawers, and saw the prisoner standing at my bed-side steadfastly looking at me—(the drawers were not open when I went to bed, that I am aware of)—I jumped out of bed, laid hold of him, and said, "You vagabond," or "You villain, it is you"—I had got hold of his coat when he was outside the window—he turned round and said if I did not let go he would knock my b—y head off—I could not bear him on my arm on the sash, so I let go, and</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230014"/>
<p>he ran away—I gave information at the police-station—I missed nothing, but a day or two after I found the front lock of the door was wrenched from the screws—a drunken man could not have got in in the way he did—there was no fastening to the window, but it shut to, tight—it required considerable force to open it—it was open when I awoke.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> What are your times of working?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> From 5 o'clock in the morning till 10 at night—I work at 127, Long-alley—I have worked after 10 occasionally—I went to bed on the night in question about half-past 11—I found the prisoner in my room about a quarter to 5 in the morning—I was not alone—I had my
<hi rend="italic">partner</hi> and child in bed at the time—I am living with a party; not married—I have no other partner, she is turned out of the firm—I thought she was my wife for several years—I was married to her—she is alive—she was not in bed with me that night—the child was the woman's I was living with—I had known the prisoner before, two years and a half—he is company I never asso
<lb/>ciated with—I believe he is a single man—I know nothing of his wanting a
<hi rend="italic">partner</hi>—he was not at all attentive to the lady who goes by the name of Mrs. Fulstone—he has abused her in beastly language many times before—they are not at all on friendly terms—she is here—I and the prisoner have drank together two and half years ago, but never since that I can remember—I will not swear I have not, but do not recollect it—I have not done so twenty times, nor ten times—nor have I drank at the same table with him over and over again, and the woman I live with, not that I am aware of—I may have drank in the same room as he was, but not at the same table—I cannot swear for Mrs. Fulstone—I swear for myself—I have drank in the same room with the prisoner, and believe the woman I live with may have once—it is four months ago that the prisoner abused her—my
<hi rend="italic">partner's</hi> clothes were in the drawers—there was a light in the room.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BRIALY</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had there been any intimacy between you and the prisoner?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Not for two years—we were not intimate—I never associated with him, for his company did not suit me—there was no question between him and my
<hi rend="italic">partner</hi>, no more than he insulted her—it was abuse and not at all like love-making—he has never claimed her, or wanted her to go and live with him—I think it was what was in the drawers he wanted to claim.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-82" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-82" type="surname" value="SAYER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-82" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD SAYER</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, G</hi> 68.) I took the prisoner on Wednesday, the 4th—he asked me the charge—I told him it was for getting into the house of Mr. Fulstone, of Long-alley—he said he knew nothing about it—at the station he said he must have been drunk at the time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-83" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-83" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-83" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-83" type="given" value="MARY ANN"/>MARY ANN BELL</persName> </hi>. I cohabit with Fulstone—I know the prisoner well—he is not an intimate acquaintance of mine, only when I have gone for my supper beer I have been insulted greatly by him, which is not fit to be men
<lb/>tioned in Court—I never spoke to the man in my life.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You know Fulstone is a married man?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do; I know where his wife lives—she is not fit to be called a wife, and I supply her place—I have got a husband who is not fit to be called a husband—a man who leaves his wife to another one is not fit to be called a husband—I was left with a child, and I found Fulstone a good
<hi rend="italic">partner</hi>—he has acted a father to my child, and as a husband to me, and a good husband—he some
<lb/>times gets up to his work at 5 and sometimes at 6 o'clock, and sometimes I remain in bed a little afterwards—I am not aware that the prisoner knew what time Fulstone went to work—I have never been in the same room as the prisoner drinking—I can swear that to a truth, not drinking with him—</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230015"/>
<p>I cannot tell whether I have drank in the room where he was—I have got no associates—you cannot be any man if you want me to name the language he uses to me—I cannot name it—he has made no proposals to me of an impure kind, he has insulted me whenever I went for my beer, by his words and his looks, but not by touching me—his words shocked me, and would shock any other delicate female—I am as'delicate as they are, although I am
<hi rend="italic">misfortunate.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-294-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-294-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-294-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-295">
<interp inst="t18520223-295" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-295" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-295-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18520223 t18520223-295-offence-1 t18520223-295-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-295-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-295-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18520223" type="age" value="18"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18520223" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-295-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM WHITE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-295-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-295-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-295-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/>, stealing 11 rings, value 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-85" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-85" type="surname" value="WALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-85" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-85" type="occupation" value="goldsmith, jeweller"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-295-offence-1 t18520223-name-85"/>Christopher Walton</persName>, in his dwelling house.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. ROBINSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-86" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-86" type="surname" value="WALTON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-86" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>CHRISTOPHER WALTON</persName> </hi>. I am a goldsmith and jeweller, of 24, Lud
<lb/>gate-street—about half-past 5 o'clock on 17th Oct. I was in the counting-house, at the further end of the shop—the prisoner came in and stood still—I beckoned to him to come forward, and asked what he wanted, he said, "Have you any plated studs at half-a-crown a set?"—I said I did not keep such things—I saw he had a set of studs in his shirts—he went back making a noise with his feet rather louder than ordinary—he went back with a firm step, as if he was going out, and I turned to my writing again, thinking he had gone out—I continued writing four or five minutes; presently I heard a sound of something falling in the shop—I instantly went, and found the prisoner at the end of the counter, which is open at both ends—he was close to the window—I said, "What are you doing here?"he replied, after some little hesitation, "I beg your pardon, I thought you were coming to serve me"—I said, "Why you know I told you I had not got the article, what are you doing?"—I looked in the till to see if anything was missing—I did not look in the window where the rings were—I had nobody in the place with me, and after some hesitation, thinking possibly I might be mistaken, as he had a respect
<lb/>able appearance, I asked him his name and address—I forget the name he gave, but he said he lived at 3, Bishopsgate-street—I gave him a caution—I said, "Well, be off, and do not come here again"—I have not the slightest doubt he is the young man—he stood before me some time with the full gas light on his face—when he was gone I thought I would see what it was that made the noise, and I found a diamond ring on the floor in a corner where he had been standing—it had been in a tray in the window—I looked in the window and found the large diamond rings gone—the tray had the prices on it, that could not be removed, the gas branch prevented the window being opened, so as to draw the tray out—it was shut in a glass window—we unlock the windows in the morning, and lock them at night—the middle one opens side
<lb/>ways, and the other pushes to—I found it a little open, but I did not think much of that, because sometimes we let a little air in when the gas is alight—I missed from the tray eleven rings, the prices of which were on little cards attached to the velvet, which were left behind—the trade price of the rings was about 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I had seen them continually—I was not many minutes without seeing them in the course of business—there were two about an inch and a quarter in diameter, mixed up with smaller ones—I had been in and out in the afternoon—I had then been in ten minutes or a quarter of an hour—my shopman had gone out with some gold chains to show—he came back in about an hour—I told him I had had a youth in, and he described him fully—I wrote a description of him, and sent it round to six of the chief towns of England, Birmingham being one—in the beginning of Nov. I received this letter (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) dated 17th Nov., from the chief of the police of Birmingham—I went there—the superintendent took me round the prison—I saw the prisoner</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230016"/>
<p>there, and immediately said, "You are the boy who was with me on 7th Oct."—he said, "All Oct. I was at my sister's at Kew"—this stud (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) is the description of stud which the boy wore, and which I described on the paper I sent down.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> When did you go to Birming. ham?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I do not know exactly, but it was two or three days after the date of the letter; on a Thursday, I believe—the inspector, who is here, was present when the prisoner said he was at his sister's at Kew—I mentioned that before the Magistrate, but what I said was not half put down—I suppose they did not think it was evidence—it was at Guildhall, before an Alderman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-87" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-87" type="surname" value="FISK"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-87" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM FISK</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Mr. Walton. I went out on this evening some time before half-past 5 o'clock, the rings were safe then; I returned a little after 6—the prisoner has been to the shop about half a dozen times in the three months before the robbery, always asking for plated studs, or mother of pearl buttons; he said nothing about the price till the last time, which was on 17th Oct. between 1 and 2, the day of the robbery, he came and asked if we kept plated studs—I said, "About what price?"he said, "Half a crown"—I said we did not keep them—I recognised him as having been in several times before, and spoke to him very sharply in consequence—he turned to leave the shop, and I went to my dinner; but as I did not hear the door close, I turned, and found him three parts of the way up the counter—he immediately pulled up short on his toes, as if he had been walking quietly, and said, "Can you tell me where I can get them, Sir?"—I told him he could get them lower down—this stud is exactly like the one he wore on that day—he generally came in different dresses, and always when no one was in the shop, about mealtimes—I was generally in the counting house.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined. Q.</hi> You swear the stud he wore was exactly like that?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; there is no difference whatever; this has five sides, I noticed that there were five sides to his stud—I noticed that that was the pattern, and I should say, it was just the size of this.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-88" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-88" type="surname" value="GLOSSOP"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-88" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GLOSSOP</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of the detective police at Birmingham. I saw a description in the route book, in which we send descriptions round by route; in consequence of which I communicated with Mr. Walton—I saw him when he came down—I saw the prisoner when he was apprehended and brought in on 1st Nov.—I said, "Oh! he is wanted in London for stealing diamond rings"—he replied, "I never was in London"—the turnkey said, "You told one of the officers that you went to the Exhibition"—he said, "Yes, I did go up once to see that"—he remained five days in my custody—I sent him somewhere else, and three months afterwards he was brought here—I got these two studs (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) from the station to which the prisoner was first taken in Nov.—I placed them and his gold watch, and other things before him, and he said, "Give me my studs;" I said, "No; I must keep them, they are necessary to the case"—they exactly correspond with this other stud produced, and which was sent up by letter—when he was appre
<lb/>hended, a gold watch and chain, a gold ring, these studs, and 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. were found on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-295-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-295-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-295-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-89" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-89" type="surname" value="WILCOX"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-89" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WILCOX</persName> </hi>. I am a jeweller, of Bermondsey. I produce a certifi
<hi rend="italic">read—Central Criminal Court; William Richardson, convicted of stealing money from a till, Nov, 1849; confined one year</hi>)—I was a witness against him on another charge of stealing a gold watch, upon which he was acquitted—he is the man.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-295-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-295-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-295-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 18.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-295-punishment-19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-295-punishment-19" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-295-18520223 t18520223-295-punishment-19"/>Transported for Seven Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-296">
<interp inst="t18520223-296" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-296" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-296-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18520223 t18520223-296-offence-1 t18520223-296-verdict-1"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230017"/>
<persName id="def1-296-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-296-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18520223" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="def1-296-18520223" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN SMITH</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-296-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-296-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-296-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/>, burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18520223-name-91" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-91" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-91" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-91" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-91" type="occupation" value="cheesemonger"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-296-offence-1 t18520223-name-91"/>John Riley</persName>, with intent to steal.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-92" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-92" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-92" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ARMSTRONG</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman H</hi> 87). On 18th Feb., at 3 o'clock in the morning, I found the prisoner in Mr. Riley's cellar, under the house—there are bars about an inch and a half asunder under the shop window, on the flags—I found this iron bar (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) broken off, by which means anybody could get into the cellar—I tumbled in, turned my light on, and found the prisoner—(I had called to him before I went in, and asked what he was doing there; he made no answer)—I laid hold of him; I said nothing, but he said, "Bad company has led me into it; I am innocent, two men broke the flap, and unlocked the padlock, and put me in, and I was to go up stairs, open the front door for them, and let them in; and hearing the noise when you came to the flap, I took you to be them"—I searched him, and found in his pocket this wax taper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>), and two lucifer matches; there were several matches thrown about the ground—while I was searching him, he said, "I have got no tools about me, the men have got the tools, I am innocent, I have been led into it"—I had passed the cellar flap about twenty minutes before, it was safe then, it locks inside—he said the men lived in Brick-lane, but next morning he denied knowing anything about them.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I had been at my aunt's, and had been drinking.
<hi rend="italic">Witness.</hi> He appeared a little the worse for liquor; he could walk very well, he appeared to know what he was saying—going to the station, he said one of the men was named Burton—a man named Burton is known to one of our sergeants, Jackson—he repeated next morning that bad company had led him into it; he knew nothing about the men—he did not say he had been drinking with his aunt.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-93" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-93" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-93" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN RILEY</persName> </hi>. I am a cheesemonger, of 75, Whitechapel-road, in the parish of St. Mary's, Whitechapel. On the night of Wednesday, 18th Feb., I was called up by a policeman, I went down, and found the prisoner in custody—I had seen the cellar shut up at 10 o'clock the night before—I found the flap forced when I came down—I lost no property, there wasnot time—there was cheese in the cellar, and butter in the shop.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> My mother and myself were returning from the play, she told me to run home and light a fire against she came home; I met two gentlemen standing by the cellar, who said if I went down and opened the door they would give me a trifle of money; I went down, I did not know what I was about, or I should not have done it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-94" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-94" type="surname" value="ARMSTORNG"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-94" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES ARMSTORNG</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> He gave his address, 12, Duke-street—I went there, but no such person was known; I could not find his mother—a man could get into the cellar, it was five feet wide, there was no necessity to have a boy.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-95" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-95" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-95" type="given" value="JOHN"/>JOHN NEWELL</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, R</hi> 340). I produce a certificate—(
<hi rend="italic">read—Central Criminal Court; William Smith, convicted on his own confession, Aug. 1850, of stealing boots; confined six months</hi>)—I was present, the prisoner is the person—there were two other cases against him; but he was not tried upon them.
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-296-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-296-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-296-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>.* Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-296-punishment-20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-296-punishment-20" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-296-18520223 t18520223-296-punishment-20"/>Transported for Seven Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230018"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">NEW COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Tuesday, February</hi> 24
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1852.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FARBROTHER</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN MUSGROVE</hi>, Bart., Ald.; and Mr.
<hi rend="smallCaps">COMMON SERJEANT</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Common Serjeant and the Sixth Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-297">
<interp inst="t18520223-297" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-297" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-297-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18520223 t18520223-297-offence-1 t18520223-297-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-297-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-297-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18520223" type="age" value="39"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18520223" type="surname" value="COCHRANE"/>
<interp inst="def1-297-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COCHRANE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-297-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-297-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-297-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/>, unlawfully obtaining by false pretences, from
<persName id="t18520223-name-97" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-97" type="surname" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-97" type="given" value="JOSEPH WILLIAM"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-297-offence-1 t18520223-name-97"/>Joseph William Bennett</persName>, 12 reams of paper: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-297-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-297-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-297-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 39.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-297-punishment-21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-297-punishment-21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-297-punishment-21" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-297-18520223 t18520223-297-punishment-21"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-298">
<interp inst="t18520223-298" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-298" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-298-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18520223 t18520223-298-offence-1 t18520223-298-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-298-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-298-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18520223" type="age" value="25"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18520223" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="def1-298-18520223" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">SAMUEL COLE</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-298-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-298-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-298-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-298-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-298-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-298-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 25.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-298-punishment-22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-298-punishment-22" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-298-punishment-22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-298-18520223 t18520223-298-punishment-22"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-299">
<interp inst="t18520223-299" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-299" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-299-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-299-18520223 t18520223-299-offence-1 t18520223-299-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-299-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-299-18520223" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18520223" type="age" value="17"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18520223" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="def1-299-18520223" type="given" value="EMMA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EMMA PEARCE</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-299-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-299-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-299-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-100" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-100" type="surname" value="MATHHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-100" type="given" value="EDWIN RICHARD"/>EDWIN RICHARD MATHHEWS</persName> </hi>. I am a chemist, of Margaret-terrace, Paddington. On 5th Feb. The prisoner came, about half-past 3 o'clock—she asked for 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-worth of hair-oil, and 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-worth of Epsom salts—I served her—she gave me a shilling—I gave her 10
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. change, and she went away—she had scarcely got outside the door, when she returned, and said I had given her a bad sixpence—I was not aware that I had a bad sixpence in my possession, but I gave her another sixpence for it—I had left the shilling I had given change for, in the drawer, and the bad sixpence I put into my pocket—the prisoner returned in two or three minutes, and asked for another ounce of salts—she tendered me another shilling—I said, "I have no change; you had better go and ask for two sixpences for the shilling"—she went out, and soon after came in again, with Mr. Gurr; he asked me if I had sent her for change, and he said, "This is a bad shilling"—I said, "It is very strange; she gave me a bad sixpence just now"—I pulled it out, and said, "This is the sixpence"—I looked into the drawer—I had only one shilling there, and I found that to be bad also—I said, "This is bad too"—the pri
<lb/>soner was given into custody—I gave the bad shilling and the sixpence to the officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-101" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-101" type="surname" value="GURR"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-101" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE GURR</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to a cheesemonger, in Margaret-terrace. The prisoner came to me, in the name of the last witness, for change for a shilling—I saw at once it was a bad one—I returned with her to Mr. Matthews' shop, and gave the shilling to the officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-102" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-102" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-102" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-102" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>FREDERICK COOK</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 228). I was called to Mr. Matthews' shop, and took the prisoner—I received this shilling from Mr. Gurr, and this shilling and sixpence from Mr. Matthews.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-103" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-103" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-103" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. I am inspector of coin to the Royal Mint. These two shillings are bad, and from the same mould—this sixpence is bad also.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I am unfortunate; the two shillings were given me the over
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-299-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-299-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-299-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 17.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-299-punishment-23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-299-punishment-23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-299-punishment-23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-299-18520223 t18520223-299-punishment-23"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-300">
<interp inst="t18520223-300" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-300" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-300-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18520223 t18520223-300-offence-1 t18520223-300-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-300-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-300-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18520223" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18520223" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="def1-300-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM JONES</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-300-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-300-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-300-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-105" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-105" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-105" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-105" type="given" value="EMILY MARIA"/>EMILY MARIA TURNER</persName> </hi>. My husband is a confectioner and tobacconist, in Wells-street, Oxford-street. On 27th Jan. the prisoner came, about 10 o'clock at night—he asked for three cigars—they came to 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered in payment a half sovereign—I counted out 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in change—I looked at the half sovereign—it was good, I am quite sure—the prisoner found fault</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230019"/>
<p>with the cigars, that they were not scented—he had not taken up the 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he asked me to give him back the half sovereign—I gave him back the same half sovereign that he had given me; and having done so, he changed bis mind, and said he would take the cigars, provided I would change them if they were not liked—I put down the 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. again, and took up a half sove
<lb/>reign which he put down, believing it to be the same I had had before—I put it into a box, with some silver, but no other half sovereign—I had no other half sovereign in the house—I locked the box—my husband went to the box in about an hour, and the half sovereign turned out to be bad—I gave it to the officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-106" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-106" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-106" type="given" value="JOHN JAMES"/>JOHN JAMES TURNER</persName> </hi>. I am husband of the last witness. I went to the box on 27th Jan.—I found only one half sovereign there—it was bad—I gave it to my wife, and she gave it to the officer—it was not out of my sight—the box was not locked, but the place the half sovereign was in was locked—I got the key of it from my wife.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-107" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-107" type="surname" value="LAMBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-107" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH LAMBERT</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, E</hi> 68). I was passing Mr. Turner's shop—Isaw the prisoner standing against the counter, and Mrs. Turner looking at a half sovereign.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-108" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-108" type="surname" value="THRUPP"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-108" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>ROBERT THRUPP</persName> </hi>. I am assistant to Messrs. Winter and Co., artists'-colourmen. The prisoner came there on 29th Jan., and asked for 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-worth of chrome—I served him—he gave me a 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.-piece—I saw it was bad, and gave him into custody, and gave it to the officer.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-109" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-109" type="surname" value="HOWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-109" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM HOWLAND</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, E</hi> 103). I took the prisoner—I received this crown from the last witness, and this half sovereign from Mrs. Turner.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-110" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-110" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-110" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-300-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-300-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-300-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 21.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-300-punishment-24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-300-punishment-24" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-300-punishment-24" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-300-18520223 t18520223-300-punishment-24"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-301">
<interp inst="t18520223-301" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-301" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-301-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18520223 t18520223-301-offence-1 t18520223-301-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-301-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-301-18520223" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18520223" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18520223" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="def1-301-18520223" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ANN WHITE</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-301-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-301-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-301-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-112" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-112" type="surname" value="HAMILTON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-112" type="given" value="CHARLES HENRY"/>CHARLES HENRY HAMILTON</persName> </hi>. I keep the Artichoke, at St. George's in the East. On 11th Feb. the prisoner came to the house—she asked for a glass of gin, and paid me with a bad shilling—I found it was bad directly she put it down—I asked her whether she had got any more—shesaid, "No"—I said, "Have you got any money to pay for the gin?"—she said, no, it was all the money she had got—she had drunk part of the gin, and while we were talking she put down the rest of it—I asked her where she lived—she said that was her own business—I said I thought that was the third visit she bad paid me, and unless she could pay for the gin I should give her into custody—she was taken, but nothing more was found on her, and she was discharged—they told me to mark the shilling, which I did, and gave it to the policeman.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-113" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-113" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-113" type="surname" value="ROBINS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-113" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS ROBINS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, H</hi> 157). I took the prisoner, and received this shilling from the last witness.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-114" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-114" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-114" type="surname" value="TOWNE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-114" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>ELIZA TOWNE</persName> </hi>. My husband is a tobacconist, in Suffolk-place, Com
<lb/>mercial-road. On 17th Feb., the prisoner came to our shop for half an ounce of tobacco—it came to three-halfpence—she gave me half a crown—I noticed it was bad, and told her so—she said it was given to her by a gentleman—I bent it, and gave it to my husband.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-115" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-115" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-115" type="surname" value="TOWNE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-115" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS FRANCIS"/>AUGUSTUS FRANCIS TOWNE</persName> </hi>. I received the bad half-erown from my wife—I saw the prisoner standing before the counter—I kept the half-crown, and gave it to the inspector.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-116" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-116" type="surname" value="VENABLES"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-116" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS VENABLES</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, K</hi> 141). I took the prisoner—I asked what she had about her—she said, "Only one penny"—she was searched,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230020"/>
<p>and 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in silver, and 1 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. were found in her pocket—I received this half-crown from the last witness—a female searched the prisoner, and gave me what she found—she told me, in the prisoner's presence, that she had found it on her.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-117" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-117" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I had just taken the money—I was not aware it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-301-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-301-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-301-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-301-punishment-25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-301-punishment-25" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-301-punishment-25" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-301-18520223 t18520223-301-punishment-25"/>Confined Six Month</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-302">
<interp inst="t18520223-302" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-302" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-302-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-302-18520223 t18520223-302-offence-1 t18520223-302-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-302-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-302-18520223" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18520223" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18520223" type="surname" value="M'NERNAY"/>
<interp inst="def1-302-18520223" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MARTHA M'NERNAY</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-302-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-302-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-302-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-119" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-119" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-119" type="surname" value="JUDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-119" type="given" value="LYDIA"/>LYDIA JUDGE</persName> </hi>. My mother lives at China-place, St. George's, andkeeps a chandler's shop. On 3rd Feb., between 7 and 8 o'clock in the evening, the prisoner came for a half-quartern loaf—she gave me a shilling; I was trying it with my teeth, to see if it was good—while I was trying it a woman came in and said, "Try that shilling well; I have followed this woman up the Highway, she is passing bad money"—that woman took the shilling out of my hand, and gave it to my mother—this is the shilling, the marks of my teeth are on it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-120" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-120" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-120" type="surname" value="JUDGE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-120" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>ELIZABETH JUDGE</persName> </hi>. I am the mother of the last witness. I saw the prisoner give my daughter a shilling—a woman came in and said she had followed the prisoner up the Highway, and she had been passing bad money—she took the shilling and handed it to me—this is it; it was not out of my sight.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-121" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-121" type="surname" value="WOODHURST"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-121" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES WOODHURST</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, K</hi> 363). I took the prisoner on 3rd Feb.—I asked her where the shilling was—she said, "Here it is; I did not know it was bad"—the shilling was in her hand—this is it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-122" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-122" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-122" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-122" type="given" value="CAROLINE"/>CAROLINE HEDGES</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of a policeman. I searched the pri
<lb/>soner—she pulled off one boot, and said I had no occasion to have the other off—I said I must have it off; I found in it this shilling—she went down on her knees, and begged of me to make away with it, and not to say anything about it; not to say it was bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-123" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-123" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-123" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two shillings are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I took two shillings from a young man; I never knew that they were bad.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-302-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-302-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-302-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-302-punishment-26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-302-punishment-26" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-302-punishment-26" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-302-18520223 t18520223-302-punishment-26"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-303">
<interp inst="t18520223-303" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-303" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-303-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18520223 t18520223-303-offence-1 t18520223-303-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-303-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-303-18520223 t18520223-303-offence-1 t18520223-303-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-303-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-303-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18520223" type="age" value="22"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18520223" type="surname" value="FARLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-303-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM FARLEY</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-303-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-303-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-303-18520223" type="surname" value="EVERETT"/>
<interp inst="def2-303-18520223" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JAMES EVERETT</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-303-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-303-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-303-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">FARLEY</hi> pleaded
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-303-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-303-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-303-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 22.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-303-punishment-27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-303-punishment-27" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-303-punishment-27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-303-18520223 t18520223-303-punishment-27"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">EVERETT</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-303-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-303-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-303-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value=""/>NOT GUILTY</rs> </hi>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-304">
<interp inst="t18520223-304" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-304" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-304-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18520223 t18520223-304-offence-1 t18520223-304-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-304-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-304-18520223 t18520223-304-offence-1 t18520223-304-verdict-2"/>
<persName id="def1-304-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-304-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18520223" type="age" value="15"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18520223" type="surname" value="WHARTON"/>
<interp inst="def1-304-18520223" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PAUL WHARTON</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-304-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-304-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-304-18520223" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def2-304-18520223" type="surname" value="COLLIER"/>
<interp inst="def2-304-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM COLLIER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-304-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-304-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-304-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. ELLIS</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">COLLIER</hi> pleaded
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-304-verdict-2" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-304-verdict-2" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-304-verdict-2" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-304-punishment-28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-304-punishment-28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-304-punishment-28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-304-18520223 t18520223-304-punishment-28"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-128" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-128" type="surname" value="DOWLING"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-128" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>EDWARD DOWLING</persName> </hi>. I am a haberdasher, and live in Little Queen-street, Lincoln's-inn-fielcls. On Saturday, 14th Feb., Wharton came to my shop, about half-past 8 o'clock in the evening—he asked for two dozen shirt buttons—they came to threepence—he tendered a shilling to my sister—she handed it to me, and I tried it in the detector—I found it bad, I returned it to Wharton, and asked him where he got it—he said from his mother—I asked him where she lived—he said in Parker-street—I told him to take it to her, and tell her it was bad—he went out, I followed him—he went towards Parker-street, but he stood in a doorway, and waited a few minutes; he saw the coast was clear, he then joined Collier—they conversed together, and walked down Holborn to Mr. Stokes's—they both looked in the shop;</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230021"/>
<p>Wharton then went in, and Collier moved a few paces off, and waited—I then went into Mr. Stokes's shop, and asked what money Wharton had givenhim—he said a sixpence—I told Mr. Stokes to secure him, and I went out and took Collier—I brought him into the shop—Wharton said he did not know him—an officer was sent for, and they were given into custody—some bad money was found in the waistband of Collier's trowsers.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-129" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-129" type="surname" value="STOKES"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-129" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>RICHARD STOKES</persName> </hi>. I am a tobacconist, and live in High Holborn. On 14th Feb., Wharton came for a pennyworth of tobacco, he gave me a six
<lb/>pence—I received information from the last witness, and I put the sixpence in a small box on the counter—it was a bad one—Wharton was not allowed to leave the shop—Mr. Dowling went and brought in Collier—Wharton said he did not know him—they were given into custody.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-130" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-130" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-130" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>GEORGE DAVIS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">police-sergeant, E</hi> 1). I and another policeman were called to Mr. Stokes's shop—I took Collier—I found twenty-three counterfeit sixpences in the waistband of his trowsers behind—he did not say a word.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-131" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-131" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-131" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES CROSS</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, E</hi> 34). I was called to the shop—Mr. Stokes gave me this sixpence—I took Wharton—I found nothing on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-132" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-132" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-132" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This sixpence that was uttered is bad—these other twenty-three are all bad, and twelve of them are from the same mould as the one that was uttered.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Wharton.</hi> I never saw this prisoner before.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WHARTON</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-304-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-304-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-304-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 15.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-304-punishment-29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-304-punishment-29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-304-punishment-29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-304-18520223 t18520223-304-punishment-29"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-305">
<interp inst="t18520223-305" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-305" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-305-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-305-18520223 t18520223-305-offence-1 t18520223-305-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-305-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-305-18520223" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18520223" type="age" value="23"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18520223" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="def1-305-18520223" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JANE TURNER</hi> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18520223-305-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-305-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-305-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> for a like offence.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-134" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-134" type="surname" value="PHILIPE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-134" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA PHILIPE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid, at the Dover Castle, in Weymouth Mews. On 16th Feb. the prisoner came thefe with a bottle, about half-past 7 o'clock in the evening—she asked for a quartern of rum—I put the rum in the bottle—she tendered a half crown in payment—she threw it on the counter—I saw it was bad—I took it up and threw it on a table by the side of me—I returned the rum back from the bottle into the measure—the prisoner taid she did not know the half crown was bad; and she said, "Perhaps you will say this is bad?"—she took another half crown from her pocket, and put it down—I saw that that was bad—I took it up and put it with the other—there was a man near to the prisoner—he had come in just before her, and asked for half a pint of porter, for which he paid a penny—he was afterwards taken into custody—when I found the two half crowns were bad, I sent for an officer, and the prisoner was taken into custody—I gave the half crowns to the officer—I made the prisoner empty her pockets in the parlour—I did not put my hand in her pockets—she produced a good half crown, and 1 1/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in copper—I allowed the prisoner to go—the man was waiting outside—I told the policeman to take him, which he did, and brought him in the house—a half sovereign, two half crowns, and seven shillings were found on him, all bad—some rather angry words passed between him and the prisoner—he swore he did not know her—I had seen the man in the house before with another party who had passed bad money, and I knew him again.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> I asked you to detect it, and you refused; I offered you another half crown.
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I had no "detector," but I saw it was bad by the edge.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-135" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-135" type="surname" value="PURE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-135" type="given" value="SIMON"/>SIMON PURE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 124.) I was called into the Dover Castle, and saw the prisoner there—I took her into custody—I received two bad half crowns from the last witness—there was a man outside, in the Mews—he was taken, and committed for trial.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230022"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-136" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-136" type="surname" value="DARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-136" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS DARKE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 214.) I went to the Dover Castle on 16th Feb. and assisted in taking the prisoner to the station—she was put in a cell with the searcher, and Mrs. Bridge came outside and gave me a good half crown and 1 1/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-137" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-137" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-137" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These two half crowns are counterfeit, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I had the three half crowns given to me to take a lodging, and buy myself a pair of boots; I never saw the man that was taken into custody in my life.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-305-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-305-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-305-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 23.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-305-punishment-30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-305-punishment-30" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-305-punishment-30" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-305-18520223 t18520223-305-punishment-30"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-306">
<interp inst="t18520223-306" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-306" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-306-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-306-18520223 t18520223-306-offence-1 t18520223-306-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-306-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-306-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18520223" type="age" value="44"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18520223" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="def1-306-18520223" type="given" value="JOB"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOB MILLS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-306-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-306-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-306-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully having counterfeit coin in his possession, with intent to utter it.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-139" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-139" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-139" type="surname" value="PHILIPE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-139" type="given" value="MARIA"/>MARIA PHILIPE</persName> </hi>. I am barmaid at the Dover Castle. On the night of 16th Feb., when the prisoner in the last case was given into custody, this prisoner came in before the woman came in—he appeared rather intoxicated, and threw down a penny over the counter into the room—he asked for half a pint of beer—he drank the beer, and remained there while the woman uttered the two half crowns—the woman dropped some money, and the prisoner said, "You are like me dropping money"—she made some observation that it was no business of his—I sent for an officer to give the woman into custody—the prisoner went out of the house—I went out with the officer to press the charge against the woman, and I saw the prisoner at some little distance from the house, standing by a stable, apparently hiding—I suppose that was a quarter of an hour after I had sent for the officer.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> You said I was hiding?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You were standing in the dark—I never knew you to offer me a bad shilling—I said I had no charge against you, only on suspicion.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-140" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-140" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-140" type="surname" value="PURE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-140" type="given" value="SIMON"/>SIMON PURE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">policeman, D</hi> 124.) I was called to the Dover Castle—when I came out I found the prisoner three or four yards from the door, standing still—he walked away—I said, "Stop, I want you"—he said, "I know nothing about the woman"—I had not said anything to him about the woman before that—he said so a great many times—I told him I must take him into custody and search him—he said he would not be searched—I took hold of him, he resisted, and I got the assistance of a civilian, and got him into the public-house—I searched him, and found a bad half sovereign wrapped in paper in his waistcoat pocket, two half crowns and seven shillings bad, and some good silver.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner. Q.</hi> It was a quarter of an hour before you came when you were sent for?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-141" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-141" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-141" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. This half sovereign is bad—the two half crowns are bad—two of these shillings are of George the Third, and are bad—one is of William the Fourth, and is bad, and four of them are of Victoria, all bad, and from the same mould.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner.</hi> I was standing at the public-house door the whole time till the officer came; I had an opportunity of throwing the money away if I knew it was bad, and I might have been a mile away; I picked it up in the Mews.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-306-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-306-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-306-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 44.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-306-punishment-31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-306-punishment-31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-306-punishment-31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-306-18520223 t18520223-306-punishment-31"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-307">
<interp inst="t18520223-307" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-307" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-307-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-307-18520223 t18520223-307-offence-1 t18520223-307-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-307-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-307-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18520223" type="age" value="16"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18520223" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="def1-307-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM PHILLIPS</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-307-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-307-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-307-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/>, unlawfully uttering counterfeit coin.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-143" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-143" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-143" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>. I am an oilman, and live in Aldgate. On Wednesday, 4th Feb., the prisoner came, about half-past 6 o'clock in the evening, for a quarter of an ounce of tobacco, it came to 3/4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—he tendered me a 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-piece—I</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230023"/>
<p>gave him change, and laid the 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-piece on one side, as I had suspicion it was bad, having some more customers there—the prisoner went out, and after some time I marked the 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-piece, and wrapped it in paper—on Saturday, 7th Feb., the prisoner came again—he had a quarter of a pound of soap, and gave me a counterfeit sixpence—I asked him if he had any more—he said, "No"—an officer was passing the door, I called him in, and gave the prisoner in charge—I gave him the 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.-piece and the sixpence.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-144" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-144" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-144" type="given" value="ROBERT HILTON"/>ROBERT HILTON LEE</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>, 642). I took the prisoner, and produce the sixpence and fourpence—I found nothing on him.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-145" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-145" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-145" type="surname" value="WEBSTER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-145" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM WEBSTER</persName> </hi>. These are both bad.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Prisoner's Defence.</hi> I was not in the shop on Wednesday night at all; I have a witness here to prove it, Miss Weston.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-146" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-146" type="surname" value="CHAMBERS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-146" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>THOMAS CHAMBERS</persName> </hi>
<hi rend="italic">re-examined.</hi> I have not the slightest doubt the pri
<lb/>soner is the person who came on Wednesday night.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-307-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-307-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-307-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 16.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-307-punishment-32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-307-punishment-32" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-307-punishment-32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-307-18520223 t18520223-307-punishment-32"/>Confined Six Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-308">
<interp inst="t18520223-308" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-308-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18520223 t18520223-308-offence-1 t18520223-308-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-308-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-308-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18520223" type="age" value="20"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18520223" type="surname" value="VIVIAN"/>
<interp inst="def1-308-18520223" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN VIVIAN</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-308-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-308-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 coat, value 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and other articles; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-148" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-148" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-148" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-148" type="occupation" value="clerk"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-308-offence-1 t18520223-name-148"/>Charles Hardy</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-149" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-149" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-149" type="given" value="CHARLES FRIEND"/>CHARLES FRIEND HARDY</persName> </hi>. I am in the employ of Mr. Arthur Varden, a member of the Stock Exchange, having a box or stand there; as his clerk, I had permission to go in and out of the Stock Exchange. On 2nd Feb. I went there, on Mr. Varden's business, about half past 10 o'clock—I had a great coat on, and my gloves were in the pocket of it—I took it off and hung it up in the gallery near Mr. Varden's box—I went to the same place about half past 12 and it was gone—my coat and gloves have been since shown to me by the officer Haydon, about a fortnight back—my coat was woith 4
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-150" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-150" type="surname" value="HAYDON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-150" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>MICHAEL HAYDON</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman.</hi>) In consequence of information I watched in the neighbourhood of the Stock Exchange on Monday 9th Feb.—I saw the prisoner at a little after 3 o'clock at the corner of Capel-court, Bar
<lb/>tholomew-lane—he stayed there a few minutes—he had some letters, circu
<lb/>lars, or papers in his hand—I watched him—I had no other officer with me at first; I was afterwards joined by Thain—I followed the prisoner round to the Hercules-passage entrance—I did not go in, but he did—I remained in the neighbourhood, and at the expiration of half an hour I saw the prisoner again in the doorway of Hercules-passage—he remained a few minutes at the corner of the passage and went away—I traced him to 2, Great Trinity-lane—I remained outside for a short time, and after making some inquiries I went to the house—the prisoner lodged there; he came down stairs to me in the parlour at the rear of the shop—I told him I was an officer, and for certain reasons I wished to ask him how and where he had spent his time during that afternoon—I said I assumed he was a respectable young man, and he would have no objection to tell me—he said, "Certainly not; I left here about 3 this afternoon, and went through St. Paul's Churchyard and along Fleet-street nearly as far as Temple-bar, and then came straight home"—he said he had been nowhere else—I asked him if he had been in the neighbourhood of the Bank of England—he said he had walked once round the Royal Exchange after he came from Fleet-street—I asked him if he had been in the Stock Exchange that afternoon—he said, no, he had never been there but once in his life, which was about a week ago to warm his hands—I told him I should charge him on suspicion of having stolen a number of coats which had been stolen from the Stock Exchange in the last three weeks—he said, "Very well, I am innocent"—I asked him if he had any duplicates of coats in the house—he said, "You had better search and see"—I told him I should do</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230024"/>
<p>so—he then said, "It will, perhaps, save you some trouble if I tell you the truth, tell you what I have got; I am guilty to a certain extent, but I have been partly drawn into it; I have got a great coat, and two duplicates of two other great coats that I bought of a young man that I have occasionally net when I have been looking for a situation; I will give you the coat and the two duplicates, and you will have no further trouble"—I went up stairs with him to a back room on the second floor, and in a box that he said was his, and the key of which I found upon him, I found this coat that I have since shown to Mr. Hardy—I observed the coat that the prisoner wore that after
<lb/>noon when I saw him about the Stock Exchange—I found that coat in the room—I found in the pocket of it seven circulars of
<hi rend="italic">Reynolds Newspaper</hi>, and I found on them the names of Bates and Bell in pencil—I took the pri
<lb/>soner to the station—on the following day I found some gloves, which have since been claimed by Mr. Hardy, in the same box where I found the coat—I had the key of that box from the prisoner—I kept it, and when I returned I found the box locked, and there I found the gloves.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-151" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-151" type="surname" value="THAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-151" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>CHARLES THAIN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City policeman</hi>). I received information from Mr. Dixey, on 9th Feb. in consequence of which I went to Capel-court—I saw the prisoner standing in the doorway of the Alliance—he had some letters or circulars in his hand—he went round to Hercules-passage—he waited in the entrance of the Stock Exchange for some time, and then went in—I followed him with Haydon.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-152" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-152" type="surname" value="DIXEY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-152" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM DIXEY</persName> </hi>. I am one of the waiters of the Stock Exchange, and also a constable of the city—I received directions from the managers of the Stock Exchange to look out about the Stock Exchange—I knew the person of the prisoner—I have seen him repeatedly—the first time I saw him at the Stock Exchange is about a month ago, as nearly as I can recollect—he then entered the Stock Exchange by the New Court door, about a quarter past 4 o'clock in the day—he made his way into the house, and I saw no more of him that day—about a week afterwards I saw him again—he then came out of the Stock Exchange at the Capel-court door—that was all I saw of him that day—I saw him again on the 4th Feb—he came out of the house and returned into the house again—he made his way to one of the fire-places and stood there, warming his hands—I did not have any complaint directly from Mr. Hardy, but I have received complaints from gentlemen of the loss of their coats—the first time was about three weeks or a month before—I saw Mr. Hardy on the day after his coat was lost—he did not make any complaint to me—he was merely speaking to the members of the house about the loss of his coat—on the following day the prisoner came in to warm his hands at the Capel-court entrance, about a quarter past 12—I called Mr. Wilkinson, my brother officer and waiter, and he went and spoke to the prisoner—I then lost sight of the prisoner—I saw him again on Monday the 9th—he came in at the Capel-court entrance, about a quarter past 3 in the afternoon—he had some papers or circulars in his hand—I spoke to him and asked him what he was going to do with those papers he had got in his hand—he said, "You had better let me deliver these papers myself; you won't know who the parties are that they belong to"—I said, "Very well, do so"—he did not enter the Stock Exchange, but passed me in the lobby—he came out, and went in at No. 2, Capel-court, a house let out in offices—I informed Payne.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-153" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-153" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-153" type="given" value="HENRY"/>HENRY WILKINSON</persName> </hi>. I am another of the waiters at the Stock Exchange, and a constable—I have seen the prisoner twice at the Stock Exchange—the first occasion was about a mouth ago—in consequence of what Dixey said on</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230025"/>
<p>5th of Feb., I looked at the prisoner—I saw he did not belong to the house—I went and spoke to him, and asked him whose clerk he was—he said, "Mr. Bates'"—Fsaid, "And your name"—he said, "Bates"—I said, "I see Mr. Bates is your father"—he said, "No; Mr. Bates is my uncle—I am his nephew"—I referred to my book of clerks and found there was no clerk in the house named Bates—I communicated with Mr. Bates, of the firm of Bates and Bell—I saw no more of the prisoner that day—I kept a look out for him—I saw him again on the 9th, between 3 and 4.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-154" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-154" type="surname" value="BATES"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-154" type="given" value="JOSIAH"/>JOSIAH BATES</persName> </hi>. I am partner in the late firm of Bates and Bell, members of the Stock Exchange—the prisoner is not a relation of mine—he was never my clerk or servant—I never saw him—he is not my nephew—I am not his uncle.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-155" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-155" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-155" type="given" value="CHARLES FRIEND"/>CHARLES FRIEND HARDY</persName> </hi>. This is my coat—these are my gloves.</p>
<hi rend="italic">The prisoner was further charged with having been before convicted.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-156" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-156" type="surname" value="BATE"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>WILLIAM BATE</persName> </hi>. I was a constable of the Metropolitan Police, in June last. I saw the prisoner tried in this Court—I produce the certificate—(
<hi rend="italic">read—Convicted June, 1851, of larceny, as a servant, and confined three months.</hi>)</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-308-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-308-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 20.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-308-punishment-33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-308-punishment-33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308-punishment-33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308-18520223 t18520223-308-punishment-33"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="italic">There were seven other indictments against the prisoner.</hi>)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-308a">
<interp inst="t18520223-308a" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308a" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-308a-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308a-18520223 t18520223-308a-offence-1 t18520223-308a-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-308a-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-308a-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-308a-18520223" type="age" value="21"/>
<interp inst="def1-308a-18520223" type="surname" value="BENTLEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-308a-18520223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">WILLIAM BENTLEY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-308a-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-308a-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308a-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing 1 handkerchief, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-158" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-158" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-158" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-308a-offence-1 t18520223-name-158"/>Henry Thomas</persName>, from his person: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-308a-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-308a-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308a-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 21.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-308a-punishment-34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-308a-punishment-34" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-308a-punishment-34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-308a-18520223 t18520223-308a-punishment-34"/>Confined Twelve Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-309">
<interp inst="t18520223-309" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-309" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-309-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-309-18520223 t18520223-309-offence-1 t18520223-309-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-309-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-309-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18520223" type="age" value="46"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18520223" type="surname" value="SADLER"/>
<interp inst="def1-309-18520223" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY SADLER</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-309-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-309-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-309-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="simpleLarceny"/>, stealing 1 coat, value 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the goods of
<persName id="t18520223-name-160" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-160" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-160" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-309-offence-1 t18520223-name-160"/>Joseph Robinson</persName>: to which he pleaded</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-309-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-309-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-309-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 46.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-309-punishment-35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-309-punishment-35" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-309-punishment-35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-309-18520223 t18520223-309-punishment-35"/>Confined Three Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-310">
<interp inst="t18520223-310" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-310" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-310-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-310-18520223 t18520223-310-offence-1 t18520223-310-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-310-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-310-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18520223" type="age" value="19"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18520223" type="surname" value="DEMPSEY"/>
<interp inst="def1-310-18520223" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">JOHN DEMPSEY</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-310-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-310-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-310-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/>, stealing 1 purse, value 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; the property of
<persName id="t18520223-name-162" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-162" type="surname" value="TOPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-162" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBERT"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-310-offence-1 t18520223-name-162"/>Thomas Robert Topper</persName>, from the person of
<persName id="t18520223-name-163" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-163" type="surname" value="TOPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-163" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-310-offence-1 t18520223-name-163"/>Mary Topper</persName>.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-164" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-164" type="surname" value="TOPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-164" type="given" value="MARY"/>MARY TOPPER</persName> </hi>. I am the wife of Thomas Robert Topper. On 7th Feb. I was in Newgate-market, about 8 o'clock in the evening; I saw the prisoner in the poultry market, he was very close to me—I had a basket in my hand, and in it was a purse with 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in it—I was about to make a pur
<lb/>chase—the prisoner thrust his hand into my basket, took the purse out, and went off—I told my husband, who was pretty near; he ran after him, and I ran—the prisoner ran into Paternoster-row, and there he was taken—my husband took the purse out of his hand—this is it.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. COOPER</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had you ever seen the prisoner before?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> No; I saw him again in Paternoster-row, after the policeman had taken him—I am sure he is the person, or else how could I have pointed him out?—I am quite confident of him—there were plenty of lights to see him by.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-165" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-165" type="surname" value="TOPPER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-165" type="given" value="THOMAS ROBERT"/>THOMAS ROBERT TOPPER</persName> </hi>. I was in Newgate-market with my wife, and in consequence of what she said, I ran after the prisoner—he was caught, and I came up to him—I took this purse out of his left hand—I am certain he is the person from whose hand I took the purse.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-166" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-166" type="surname" value="STRATTEN"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-166" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES STRATTEN</persName> </hi> (
<hi rend="italic">City-policeman</hi>, 281). I took the prisoner—I have had the purse ever since.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<rs id="t18520223-310-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-310-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-310-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>GUILTY</rs> </hi>. Aged 19.—
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-310-punishment-36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-310-punishment-36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-310-punishment-36" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-310-18520223 t18520223-310-punishment-36"/>Confined Four Months</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230026"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">OLD COURT</hi>.—
<hi rend="italic">Wednesday, February</hi> 25
<hi rend="italic">th</hi>, 1852.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">PRESENT</hi>—The Right Hon. the
<hi rend="smallCaps">LORD MAYOR</hi>; Mr. Justice
<hi rend="smallCaps">WILLIAMS</hi>; Mr. Justice
<hi rend="smallCaps">CROMPTON</hi>; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">CHAPMAN MARSHALL</hi>, Knt., Ald.; Sir
<hi rend="smallCaps">JOHN MUSGROVE</hi>, Bart., Ald.; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">SIDNEY</hi>; Mr. Ald.
<hi rend="smallCaps">FINNIS</hi>; and
<hi rend="smallCaps">RUSSELL GURNEY</hi>, Esq.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Before Mr. Justice Williams and the Third Jury.</hi> </p>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-311">
<interp inst="t18520223-311" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-311" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-311-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-311-18520223 t18520223-311-offence-1 t18520223-311-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-311-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-311-18520223 t18520223-311-offence-1 t18520223-311-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-311-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-311-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18520223" type="age" value="30"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18520223" type="surname" value="ARGENTI"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18520223" type="given" value="BERTO MAYO"/>
<interp inst="def1-311-18520223" type="occupation" value="able seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">BERTO MAYO ARGENTI</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-311-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-311-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18520223" type="age" value="26"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18520223" type="surname" value="MORATI"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18520223" type="given" value="FRANCISCO"/>
<interp inst="def2-311-18520223" type="occupation" value="able seaman"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">FRANCISCO MORATI</hi> </persName>
<rs id="t18520223-311-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-311-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-311-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/>, felo
<lb/>niously assaulting
<persName id="t18520223-name-169" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-169" type="surname" value="GETLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-169" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-169" type="occupation" value="able seaman"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18520223-311-offence-1 t18520223-name-169"/>Peter Getland</persName>, upon the high seas, and wounding him, with intent to murder him.—2nd
<hi rend="smallCaps">COUNT</hi>, with intent to do him grievous bodily harm.</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BODKIN</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">CLERK</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-170" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-170" type="surname" value="COLWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-170" type="given" value="JAMES"/>JAMES COLWELL</persName> </hi>. I am a mariner. In Jan., 1850, I shipped as steward on board the bark
<hi rend="italic">Alberta</hi>, at Liverpool—she was an English vessel, and sailed under English colours—Captain Benson, a Scotchman, was the master of the bark, and the shipping-agents at Liverpool were Messrs. Wilkie and Simpson—the prisoners shipped, as able seamen, at the same time that I did, and the deceased Peter Getland also—if I am not very much mistaken, he signed the articles next to me, or next to the cook; I know his name was very near first on the articles—Argenti went on board the vessel by the name of Berto Urgent; and we used to call Morati
<hi rend="italic">Frank</hi>, or
<hi rend="italic">Frank Murray</hi>, and sometimes
<hi rend="italic">Antonie</hi>—we left Liverpool on 30th Jan.—on 15th April, when we were nearing the American coast, there was a
<hi rend="italic">bit</hi> of a
<hi rend="italic">row</hi> forward, between Morati, from what I
<hi rend="italic">see</hi> first of all, and Peter Getland—they were fighting—I told the captain, who was at breakfast, and he and the mate came out of the cabin, and they and the rest of the men interfered to separate them—one of the men, I cannot say who,
<hi rend="italic">sung</hi> out that they had got their knives open—I saw Argenti interfering in the fight; and when some of them
<hi rend="italic">sung</hi> out that they had their knives, the captain ordered him to be brought aft—I think he was fighting with the rest of them, because they all interfered—I think he was fighting for Morati, as well as I could see—I think he had a stick in his hand, but I know he was fighting, and his mouth was bloody—the captain ordered both Argenti and Morati to be brought aft—they were brought aft, with a great deal of struggling—they were very obstreperous; we could not get them aft very well—I took a large knifefrom inside Argenti's shirt, and a smalt pocket-knife, what they call a
<hi rend="italic">jack-knife</hi>, from Morati; and the prisoners were then made fast to the
<hi rend="italic">mizen</hi>, by the captain's orders—the whole ship's company assisted in doing that—Getland assisted—they remained fast to the
<hi rend="italic">mizen</hi> about an hour or an hour and a half—they then begged the mate's pardon, and said they would not do it any more, if he would let them go—the mate was Mr. Gordon Gold—he set them at liberty, at their request—the captain was asleep at the time—two days after that we were at anchor at Mobile Bay, which is on the coast of Alabama—we were about twenty-five miles from the town, and about five from shore either side—the captain went on shore on the evening of 16th, or morning of 17th—on the evening of 17th, about 10 minutes past 7 o'clock, the prisoners were sitting on the night-heads on the top-gallant forecastle, which is right for
<lb/>ward, about six feet above the rest of the deck—Getland was sitting on the wind lass on the larboard side smoking—the windlass is on the deck, just abaft, and below the forecastle Getland was about six or seven feet under where the prisoners were—Getland was talking me about boarding-houses in Liverpool, and Argenti walked along theforesastle, came over his head, and caught him</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230027"/>
<p>over the head with the sharp edge of the axe—Morati was just along side of him, not quite half a step back—the axe struck Getland close to the crown of his head—the wound was about six inches in length, and it penetrated to the brain, for I saw the brain on the axe—there was a great deal of blood flowed, and Wilson carried him aft—as soon as I gave the alarm Argenti made a blow at me with the axe—the proper place for the axe to be kept was in the galley—it belonged to the cook, and nobody used it, except the steward might take it to break a bone sometimes—there was no occasion for it on the forecastle—the prisoners then escaped into the foretop, and remained there all night, and with the ropes they made a sort of bulk-head, or battery, to prevent our getting at them—during the night a knife was thrown out of the foretop, I could not say by which of them—I did not see it thrown—I heard it fall, and it was picked up next morning—no one was in the foretop but the prisoners—it was my knife—we chased them out of the foretop, and asked them to come down, but they would not—a revenue-cutter came on board of us, and the captain of the cutter threatened to fire at them if they did not come down—he gave them five minutes, and then they came down—one of them, I think it was Morati, said they would come down for an American man, but they would not come down for a b—Englishman—one of them said they should only get about a month or so in America for killing a man—I think it was Morati said that; but it is so long ago, it has rather slipped my memory—they both speak English as well as any foreigners do; I think Morati speaks it best—Getland was taken on shore on the morning of 18th, and I did not see him again—this is the axe (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>).</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Had not Argenti been a quiet peaceable man before this?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; I had always seen him very quiet and very sociable—I never saw him do anything wrong before—the prisoners were the only foreigners on board, except Getland, who was a Swede, or Norwegian—the crew had not, as I heard, been teasing the prisoners about being foreigners.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-171" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-171" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-171" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>BENJAMIN WILSON</persName> </hi>. I was a seaman on board the
<hi rend="italic">Alberta</hi>; she was a British ship, and left Liverpool in Jan.—I remember Getland having a quarrel with Morati on 15th April, and Argenti interfered to prevent the
<hi rend="italic">row</hi>—there was very little fighting—the prisoners were afterwards fastened to the mast hy order of the captain, and released in a short time—I was on board on 17th, but did not see Getland struck—I heard Colwell call out, "Murder!"and found Getland leaning against the larboard rails inside, with his head down and bleeding very much—the two prisoners were then on the top
<lb/>gallant forecastle about five feet from me—Getland's forehead was cut open, and was bleeding very much, the bone was split—he was taken ashore next day, and I did not see any more of him—we remained there till 24th April, and then went to Quebec—the prisoners were there taken into custody and brought to England.</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">MORATI</hi>
<rs id="t18520223-311-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-311-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-311-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on 2nd Count.</hi> </rs>—Aged 26./</p>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ARGENTI</hi>
<rs id="t18520223-311-verdict-1" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-311-verdict-1" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-311-verdict-1" type="verdictSubcategory" value="no_subcategory"/>
<hi rend="smallCaps">GUILTY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">on 2nd Count.</hi> </rs>—Aged 30.</p>
<hi rend="italic">
<rs id="t18520223-311-punishment-37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-311-punishment-37" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-311-18520223 t18520223-311-punishment-37"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-311-18520223 t18520223-311-punishment-37"/>Transported for Ten Years</rs>.</hi> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18520223-312">
<interp inst="t18520223-312" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18520223"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-312" type="date" value="18520223"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-312-charge-1" targOrder="Y" targets="def1-312-18520223 t18520223-312-offence-1 t18520223-312-verdict-1"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18520223-312-charge-2" targOrder="Y" targets="def2-312-18520223 t18520223-312-offence-1 t18520223-312-verdict-1"/>
<persName id="def1-312-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def1-312-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18520223" type="surname" value="WOOLF"/>
<interp inst="def1-312-18520223" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">HENRY WOOLF</hi> </persName> and
<persName id="def2-312-18520223" type="defendantName">
<interp inst="def2-312-18520223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="def2-312-18520223" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="def2-312-18520223" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<hi rend="largeCaps">ISAAC LYONS</hi> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18520223-312-offence-1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18520223-312-offence-1" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-312-offence-1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bankrupcy"/> unlaw
<lb/>fully obtaining goods on credit within three months of their bankruptcy, under the false colour and pretence of carrying on business in the ordinary course of trade. (
<hi rend="italic">See Fourth Session, page</hi> 363.)</rs> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MESSRS. BALLANTINE</hi>
<hi rend="italic">and</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALAY</hi>
<hi rend="italic">conducted the Prosecution.</hi> </p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-174" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-174" type="surname" value="POLLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-174" type="given" value="JOHN HENRY"/>JOHN HENRY POLLOCK</persName> </hi>, Esq. I am one of the registrars of the Court of Bankruptcy, attached to the Court of Mr. Commissioner Foublanque—I pro
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230028"/>
<p>the proceedings in the bankruptcy of Woolf and Lyons—the date of the petition for adjudication is 19th Nov., 1851; they were adjudicated bank
<lb/>rupts on that same day—the bankruptcy is still depending—Mr. Hatton Hamer Stansfeldt was appointed the official assignee.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I believe you were in Court at the last Session when the prisoners were tried for a supposed fraud upon Ellis and Everington?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was; I heard the Jury acquit them.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Did you hear the circumstances of that trial?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was present; it was a case of obtaining goods from Ellis and Everington—I think the amount was somewhere about 700
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I am not sure as to the amount—the cases of Messrs. Pawson and Messrs. Foot were incidentally referred to, but formed no part of the case.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. CLARKSON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Were not all the facts of Ellis and Everington's case gone into?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I cannot possibly tell that; a great many facts were gone into, but whether they were all or not I cannot tell.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-175" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-175" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-175" type="surname" value="ALLANSON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-175" type="given" value="CHARLES BAYLIS"/>CHARLES BAYLIS ALLANSON</persName> </hi>. I produce the
<hi rend="italic">London Gazette</hi> of 21st Nov., 1851—it contains the advertisement of the adjudication in the bankruptcy of Woolf and Lyons.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-176" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-176" type="surname" value="PARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-176" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>JOSEPH PARRINGTON</persName> </hi>. I am an accountant, living in King-street, Cheapside. I was employed by the defendants' creditors to investigate the state of their affairs—I saw them both on 5th Nov.; they did not at that interview go into any explanation—I saw them, and they then stated that they had commenced busi
<lb/>ness subsequently in Oct., 1850, with a capital of about 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., but that has been corrected since—I learnt from them, and from an examination of their books, what their debts were—I had conversation with them afterwards about it—I found that their debts were within a trifle of 5,492
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they represented nothing to me about their assets then—their stock was subsequently sold—it was valued at the cost-price as given by the bankrupts to an assistant of mine—that might have been tested by reference to the invoices—I did not test it; we assumed it to be correct—the stock sold for 1,026
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or thereabouts—that was 45 per cent, less than the alleged cost-price—there were goods at Mun
<lb/>caster and Wane's, the pawnbrokers; that was not in addition to the stock-part of the amount of the stock consisted of goods at Muncaster and Warre's—they were stated at that time to amount to about 789
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., from which we deducted the advances made on the goods, amounting to about 546
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—that left the available assets in the hands of Muncaster and Warre at about 832
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. the bad debts ascertained at that time amounted to about 50
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I found a sum of money unaccounted for; as far as we proceeded, allowing for losses upon certain sales they had made, there was about 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. unaccounted for at that time; the losses on sales as ascertained from them and their books was about 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—under the bankruptcy these items have been corrected—they told me that they had sold to certain wholesale houses at a loss—the deficiency between the debts and assets was about 3,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; the domestic and trade expenses and money drawn out by the partners was about 1,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as then ascertained, but finding that the estate was going to bankruptcy we did not follow it out—I state that in justice to the prisoners, that they could not account for it further, we stopped there.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Cross-examined by</hi>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. HUDDLESTON</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> In fact you did not as fully investigate the deficiency between the debts and assets as you would if you had been investigating a bankrupt's schedule?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> As between the assets and the debts, that was finished, but the explanation of the deficiency ceased—they gave me every assistance—they were with me and my clerks with their books, and their clerks for about a week, giving their expla
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230029"/>
<p>—they explained the pledging to me—I could ascertain in the books what goods had been pledged, and what goods had been redeemed—I have ascertained since the bankruptcy, that the money received is entered under the words "Loan," and "Borrowed," and the redeemings under the word "Silk," and "Silkman"—from those two words I have been able to ascertain what goods were deposited, and what redeemed—I have no reason to doubt the accuracy of that—the pledgings amounted to 1,624
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and the redeemings to 1,105
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the trade assignees sold the stock by private con
<lb/>tract to a Mr. Myers, at 45 per cent, below the cost price—I did not test the cost price by the invoices, but I requested a creditor to go down and look at them—it would have been extremely difficult to test manufactured stock; parasols and umbrellas are made up of different things; I should have had to ascertain the cost price of the cane and silk, and the amount paid for labour—I believe the account the bankrupts gave of the cost price was generally correct—the stock was sold to Myers at 1,026
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the goods at Muncaster and Warre's were not included in that—the invoice price of the goods sold to Myers was 1,871
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., as given by the bankrupts—I believe that included a quantity of cane that was on the premises—I found 85
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. worth of cane on the premises—I cannot tell when it was bought, or whe
<lb/>ther it was paid for—that is included in the 1,800
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. odd—there was house
<lb/>hold furniture and fixtures, independent of the stock; that I valued at 86
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I am not aware at what price that was sold—I put a medium price, what it was worth as it stood there—there were also some pianofortes there, which with certain trade furniture, was taken at 182
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the goods at Muncaster and Warre's I valued at 239
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. above the advances—there was 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. or 30
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. worth of goods at Messrs. Pick ford and Roberts—they have stated the amount of goods pledged at about 900
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. in their balance-sheet, instead of 789
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the bad and doubtful debts are taken at 335
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. under the bankruptcy—the amount of trade and household expenses, and money drawn out by the partners was 1,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as then ascertained—it has been altogether altered under the bank
<lb/>ruptcy—I have not made any inquiries myself since; I have not been at all employed under the bankruptcy, except to sell the stock—I put down about 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for trade expenses; I believe Woolf drew out 150
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for his private expenses, it was stated at 270
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; and Mr. Lyons 359
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—the application of it I do not know—Lyons has a family—the bankrupts gave me the names of the parties to whom they had sold at a loss, and guessed at the amounts; they did not refer at all to their books then—this is the list of the parties as they gave them to me (
<hi rend="italic">producing it</hi>), but I have ascertained that the losses there are greatly exaggerated—I did not refer to the books when they gave me that statement, to ascertain the profit or loss on each transaction—it has been ascertained from the books since, but not by me—I believe, under the bankruptcy, the loss has been ascertained at 1,360
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 10
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Will you tell me if our figures are correct here to-day? How you make out a deficiency which you cannot account for of 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., because I make up just 5,400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.; I take 187
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as the value of the goods, 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. as representing the value of the household furniture, 182
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the pianofortes, 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the goods pledged, 335
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for bad and doubtful debts, 600
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for trade expenses, 270
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the private expenses of Woolf, 350
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for Lyons, and 1,360
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. for the losses on sales; that makes a sum of 5,425
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., does it not, taking the figures roughly?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> You have mixed in your statement two distinct accounts; you have mixed up the account that I give as to the state of their affairs when I investigated them, and the state of things as shown by the bankrupts' balance-sheet, put in under the bankruptcy—I will give you my account of it; I charge the bankrupts with a deficiency of 3,056
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the difference between thes</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230030"/>
<p>debts and assets, and I charge them with 400
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. which they then stated to be the amount of their capital; those figures together amount to 3,450
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—I then give them credit for 1,479
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. expenses and sums drawn out by the partners, and for 1,008
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. the losses then assumed to have taken place on their sales; that left, as I stated, 1,000
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. at that time unaccounted for—that does not take in the bad and doubtful debts—it does include the pianofortes at their present value, the household furniture at 86
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., the stock at 1,875
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and the pledged goods at 239
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—that was the best account that the bankrupts could give at that time.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> Let us understand what your exact position was with reference to these persons?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> I was called in on 5th Nov. by their creditors to ascertain the state of their affairs—I attended a meeting of creditors on 19th Nov., when one of them proposed 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. in the pound; the creditors who had before stated they would make them bankrupts, then finally determined to do so, and did so, I believe, on that day—the business was taken out of my hands after that—I know of no variation in the account since, except that they have discovered that the amount of goods pledged exceeded what was stated—as regards the debts and assets, it agrees with their balance sheet.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You say they determined to make them bankrupts; it was not a hostile bankruptcy, was it?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes, they gave an assignment, and also a declaration of insolvency, when the creditors wished it.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. BALLANTINE</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You have stated that you ascertained from the books what had been pledged; did you, in point of fact, ascertain what goods had been pledged, or only the amounts they had obtained?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> They stated to me the amounts that had been obtained, not the goods that were pledged—I believe the books do not contain that—I have not seen anything in them to show that—they read to me from the books what were pledged—they did not explain the terms to me then—I did not ask them, I merely asked them the amount, and they told me, but the amount turned out afterwards to be 100
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. more in their favour.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-177" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-177" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-177" type="surname" value="STANSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-177" type="given" value="HATTON HAMER"/>HATTON HAMER STANSFIELD</persName> </hi>. I am one of the official assignees of the Court of Bankruptcy. I was appointed assignee in this case immediately upon the adjudication, and have since had all the bankrupts' books in my possession—I have been in communication with them from time to time—I ascertained from them that they commenced business on 12th Oct., 1850, and carried it on up to 19th Nov., 1851—from their balance-sheet it appears that Lyons' capital on commencing business was 38
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and Woolf's 200
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., in addition to 300
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. borrowed—money borrowed is not capital, but debt—the stock-in-trade at the time of the bankruptcy was valued by the bankrupts at 2,038
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 15
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., and the surplus on goods in pledge at 332
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>—the umbrella sticks and pianos are included in the stock—there was also 48
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. in outstanding bills in their hands, which they delivered upas part of their assets—they represented their good debts at 19
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; doubtful debts, 215
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; and bad debts, 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—there was no cash delivered up, either as being in their hands or at their bankers—the amount of creditors' debts due to parties is 5,476
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>—that appears on their balance-sheet.</p>
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> I want you to inform the Court how they account for the difference between 2,654
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. assets and the amount owing to creditors?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Losses by goods' account, 1,701
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; sundry losses, 212
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. (consisting of bad debts, 120
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; repairs of premises, 11
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; and law expenses, 81
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; trade expenses, 527
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; and personal expenses, Woolf, 157
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; Lyons, 458
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; that makes both sides balance</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230031"/>
<p>within 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and that discrepancy arises from the creditors holding security for debts owing by the bankrupts to them, amounting to 199
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 4
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., and the property, as valued by the bankrupts, in the hands of those creditors, 220
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>.—they put down in their balance-sheet 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. more than the property was really worth—I cannot state when these losses on sales commenced, but taking the amount of the goods purchased, and from that deducting the amount of stock in hand, the loss would appear at 10 1/2 per cent, in the whole course of their dealing—their goods' account shows the price at which they purchased.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">COURT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> You make that account after having investigated the whole of the hooks?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; the result of what they sold, what they manufactured, and what they bought—I took the cost price, the cost of manufacture, then the stock, and gave them credit for the expenses; and the general result of it was that during the whole time they carried on trade there was a loss of 10 1/2 per cent.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">BAGGALAT</hi>.
<hi rend="italic">Q.</hi> In Feb., 1851, does it appear that they had some bills outstanding to Messrs. Foot and Co.?
<hi rend="italic">A.</hi> Yes; two bills drawn by Messrs. Foot, and accepted by the bankrupts, for goods sold and delivered; one for 299
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., due on 28th March; and the other for 412
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., due on 1st March, both at four months—they were prepaid on 17th Feb.—it appears that on 15th Feb. the bankrupts discounted, with Messrs. Brown, two bills; one for 442
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 8
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., on Messrs. Foster, Porter, and Co., for goods sold to that house by the bankrupts; and another for 184
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 12
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., on Moss Davids, by the bankrupts—by their cash book they appear to have taken up that last bill; it represents no real transaction; the largest payment made by Moss Davids to the bankrupts is 35
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>., and their payments are all in cash—on 4th Dec, at a meeting at my office, at which were present the official assignee, and Mr. Parker, the solicitor, Lyons gave me an account, as he said, of the whole of the goods pledged by them—their books do not contain any record of the goods pawned; it is only entered as "moneys received" when they were pledged, and "moneys paid" when they were redeemed—until 10th May they were entered under the title of "silkman;" and on 16th Aug. the term in the cash book is, "loan repaid:" and so it continues to the close—on 15th Feb., 1851, 24
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. was received for goods pledged—it is entered as "Loan, L. Woolf;" and the cash is credited by L. Woolf, 24
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 5
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—there is another pawning on 19th Feb., and 20
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. received—(I am reading from the account rendered to me by Lyons)—the cash-book does not mention that account at all—the amount of goods pledged, as stated by Lyons, was 1,892
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 19
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 3
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; that includes the whole of the pledgings during the course of their dealing—the number of instances of pledging, from 1st Sept. till the close, is fifteen—this paper (
<hi rend="italic">produced</hi>) was delivered into my office by the bankrupts, with others; it contains the stock-taking—I cannot tell whose handwriting that is.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">
<persName id="t18520223-name-178" type="witnessName">
<interp inst="t18520223-name-178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-178" type="surname" value="FRY"/>
<interp inst="t18520223-name-178" type="given" value="WILLIAM ROLAND"/>WILLIAM ROLAND FRY</persName> </hi>. I was a clerk to the bankrupts. This document is my writing; I made it out hy the bankrupts' direction.</p>
<hi rend="smallCaps">MR. STANSFELDT</hi> (
<hi rend="italic">continued</hi>). This paper is in the form of a debtor and creditor account—"Stock debtor—per contra creditor—July 19, stock debtor to debts outstanding, 1,536
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 13
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; acceptances outstanding, 2,788
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 1
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>."—those are the only items on the crebit side—on the credit side there is—"July 19, book debts, 345
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 11
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; by cash, Commercial Bank," which means in the hands of the Commercial Bank, "234
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; and by cash, Brown and Co's, bank, 102
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 17
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.; stock, 2,856
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 9 1/2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.; cash in hand, 21
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 5 1/2.; fixtures, &c." left blank—there are pencil marks,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="185202230032"/>
<p>showing the result of the addings up—on the debtors' side it is 4,324
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 14
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>., 8
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>. and on the creditors' side 3,561
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 2
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>., leaving a balance against stock of 763
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 6
<hi rend="italic">d</hi>.—at the close of the bankrupt's dealings, they appear by their balance sheet to have owed to Foot and Co., 2,312
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 16
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>.—385
<hi rend="italic">l</hi>. 0
<hi rend="italic">s</hi>. 7
<hi rend="italic">d</