<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS On the King's Commission of the PEACE OYER AND TERMINER, AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, AND ALSO THE GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, HELD AT Justice Hall, in the Old Bailey, ON WEDNESDAY the 30th of OCTOBER 1816, and following days; BEING THE EIGHTH SESSION IN THE MAYORALTY OF The Right Honourable
<persName id="f18161030-1-person1"> MATTHEW WOOD
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person1" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person1" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS On the KING's Commission of the PEACE OYER AND TERMINER, AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<p>Before the Right Honourable
<persName id="f18161030-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> MATTHEW WOOD
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person2" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person2" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Esq. Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir
<persName id="f18161030-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> John Graham
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person3" type="surname" value="Graham"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person3" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart one of the Barons of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Mr. Justice Dallas, one of the Judges of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<persName id="f18161030-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> William Curtis
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person4" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person4" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> bart. Sir
<persName id="f18161030-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> Richard Carr Glynn
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person5" type="surname" value="Carr Glynn"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person5" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart. Sir
<persName id="f18161030-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> John Perring
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person6" type="surname" value="Perring"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person6" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . bart. Aldermen of the said City; Sir
<persName id="f18161030-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> John Silvester
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person7" type="surname" value="Silvester"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart. Recorder of the said City: Sir
<persName id="f18161030-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> Charles Flower
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person8" type="surname" value="Flower"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person8" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> bart.
<persName id="f18161030-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> Joshua Jonathan Smith
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person9" type="surname" value="Jonathan Smith"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person9" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq: Aldermen of the said City, and
<persName id="f18161030-1-person10" type="judiciaryName"> Newman Knowlys
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person10" type="surname" value="Knowlys"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person10" type="given" value="Newman"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> esq. Common Serjeant of the said City. His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Goal Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person11" type="jurorName"> John William Norway
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person11" type="surname" value="William Norway"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person11" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Samuel Burton
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person12" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person12" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Gilbert
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person13" type="surname" value="Gilbert"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person14" type="jurorName"> James Bramwell
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person14" type="surname" value="Bramwell"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person14" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person15" type="jurorName"> George Nightingale
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person15" type="surname" value="Nightingale"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person15" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person16" type="jurorName"> William Price
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person16" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person16" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Charles Shuttleworth
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person17" type="surname" value="Shuttleworth"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person17" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person18" type="jurorName"> John Gardiner
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person18" type="surname" value="Gardiner"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person18" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person19" type="jurorName"> William Simms
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person19" type="surname" value="Simms"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person19" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person20" type="jurorName"> John Thorn
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person20" type="surname" value="Thorn"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person20" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Russell
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person21" type="surname" value="Russell"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Henry Webster
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person22" type="surname" value="Webster"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person22" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Edward Tuck
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person23" type="surname" value="Tuck"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person23" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person24" type="jurorName"> David Witten
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person24" type="surname" value="Witten"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person24" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person25" type="jurorName"> William Goslin
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person25" type="surname" value="Goslin"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person25" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William Evans
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person26" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person27" type="jurorName"> James Clark
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person27" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person27" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person28" type="jurorName"> William Halt
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person28" type="surname" value="Halt"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person28" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Peter Dickison
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person29" type="surname" value="Dickison"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person29" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person30" type="jurorName"> James Clarke
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person30" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person30" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person31" type="jurorName"> James Eastow
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person31" type="surname" value="Eastow"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person31" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person32" type="jurorName"> William Bigley
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person32" type="surname" value="Bigley"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person32" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Robert Rose
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person33" type="surname" value="Rose"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person33" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person34" type="jurorName"> John Willage
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person34" type="surname" value="Willage"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person34" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person35" type="jurorName"> Thomas Collins
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person35" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person35" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Thomas Leachman
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person36" type="surname" value="Leachman"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person36" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Thomas Goddins
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person37" type="surname" value="Goddins"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person37" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person38" type="jurorName"> John Archer
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person38" type="surname" value="Archer"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person38" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Ralph Wallock
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person39" type="surname" value="Wallock"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person39" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person40" type="jurorName"> William Beer
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person40" type="surname" value="Beer"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person40" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person41" type="jurorName"> John Adlington
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person41" type="surname" value="Adlington"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person41" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Thomas Warton
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person42" type="surname" value="Warton"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person42" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Daniel Hayward
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person43" type="surname" value="Hayward"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person43" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person44" type="jurorName"> William Carter
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person44" type="surname" value="Carter"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person44" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person45" type="jurorName"> Richard Bates
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person45" type="surname" value="Bates"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person45" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person46" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Leath
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person46" type="surname" value="Leath"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person46" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Third Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person47" type="jurorName"> William Marshall
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<interp inst="f18161030-1-person47" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person48" type="jurorName"> John Worster
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person48" type="surname" value="Worster"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person48" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person49" type="jurorName"> Charles Davis
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person49" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person49" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person50" type="jurorName"> Henry Stephens
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person50" type="surname" value="Stephens"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person50" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person51" type="jurorName"> Thomas Boucher
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<interp inst="f18161030-1-person51" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person52" type="jurorName"> John Simpson
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person52" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person52" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person53" type="jurorName"> Thomas Griffiths
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person53" type="surname" value="Griffiths"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person53" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person54" type="jurorName"> Henry Tindale
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person54" type="surname" value="Tindale"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person54" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person55" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Webbe
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person55" type="surname" value="Webbe"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person55" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person56" type="jurorName"> James Saunder
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<interp inst="f18161030-1-person56" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person57" type="jurorName"> Joseph Lidbetter
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<interp inst="f18161030-1-person57" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18161030-1-person58" type="jurorName"> John Smith
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person58" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person58" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18161030-1-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-1-off1 t18161030-1-victim63"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-1-person64"> JOHN CHARLES
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person64" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was taken up upon a charge of having forged notes in my possession, on the 17th of August. After that, I was employed by Mr. Westwood, the clerk to the Solicitor of the Bank of England, to detect the prisoners in selling forged notes. By his desire, I introduced a person to the prisoners. Before I introduced that person, I had dealings with the prisoners respecting forged bank notes several times. I obtained some from them at the price ten shillings and sixpence of the prisoner, and the old sixpence was allowed to them. I paid them ten shillings and sixpence for a one-pound to ged Bank of England note; I understood that they had the sixpence for themselves for their trouble. Between the time that I was apprehended and the time. I introduced a person by Mr. Westwood's desire, I dealt with them five times and get from the nineteen notes. I introduced Giffiths to them on the 29th of August, at the
<placeName id="t18161030-1-crimeloc3">Crown and Cushion in London Wall</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-crimeloc3" type="placeName" value="Crown and Cushion in London Wall"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-crimeloc3" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-1-off1 t18161030-1-crimeloc3"/>, they were not there when we first went in, but they came to us; they came there by an appointment which they had made with me the say before. I had spoken of Giffithes before; that is, I had told them that I had a friend that would be glad it they would serve as well as myself. The prisoner
<persName id="t18161030-1-person65"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person65" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person65" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , asked me if that was the friend I spoke of; I told him, yes. He then asked me if I could he answerable for his conduct I asked him, did he think that I would bring him if I could not. He asked me how many I wanted; I told him I wanted four for myself, and two for my friend; then I gave him the money; I gave him two pounds two shillings myself, and I asked
<persName id="t18161030-1-person66"> Richard Griffiths
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person66" type="surname" value="Griffiths"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person66" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to give me his money, and he gave it to me, and I gave it to
<persName id="t18161030-1-person67"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person67" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person67" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I gave him the two pounds two shillings for my own four, and the one pound one shilling for Griffths' two. I took the money from Griffiths, and Griffiths said that will buy me two I don't doubt but that which Griffiths said to me, and I said to Griffiths, was loud enough for the prisoners to hear; we all sat together. When Andrew Savage had received the money, both prisoners went out together; they said, they should not be long; it was not exceeding three quarters of an hour before they returned; but how much less, I can't say.</p>
<p>Q. When they returned, did they bring any thing with them. and which of them - A. Yes,
<persName id="t18161030-1-person68"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person68" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person68" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> gave me six forged one pound Bank of England notes. We came out of the public-house, and then we parted.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with the notes you received - A. I put them into my right hand small clothes pocket; I delivered them to Mr. Westwood the next morning. I am most undoubtedly sure that the notes I delivered to Mr. Westwood were the same that I received from the prisoner
<persName id="t18161030-1-person69"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person69" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person69" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I met the prisoners again on the 30th of August, at the Crown and Cushion, in London Wall; Griffiths was with me at that time, and two other persons were in company besides the Savages on that day. I agreed to purchase six for myself, and Griffiths agreed to purchase two for himself. I gave the money at the same rate as before.</p>
<p>Was any money-paid by any other persons at the same time - A. Yes, the other two also paid money for the purpose of buying forged notes. We paid the money to the prisoner
<persName id="t18161030-1-person70"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person70" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person70" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he counted it, and gave it to Benjamin, who took a white handkerchief out of his hat, and wrapped what I had given him, and what Griffiths had given him, and what the other two persons had given him, all in seperate parcels; he first put one in the middle of the handkerchief, then another, and wrapped them up in four separate rolls of the handkerchief; I think he kept it in his hand, and he carried it away with him; they went away together. I don't know particularly how long it was before they returned; but I know they were not an hour away.</p>
<p>Q. On that day did they bring any thing back with them - A. Nothing more than the money which I, Griffiths, and the other persons had given to them.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person71"> Benjamin Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person71" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person71" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said, there can be nothing done to night: we did not ask why; but we waited a little while longer, and drank together, and then came out; he returned the money to us all; as soon as we had been in the house a little together, Benjamin came out with me and Griffiths to the door, and told us if we wanted any more, to meet him on the next night at the Fountain in the Minories, between seven and eight; that would be the 31st of
<persName id="t18161030-1-person72">August.</persName> I communicated that to Mr. Westwood.</p>
<p>Q. Before you went to your appointment, did you meet any persons - A. Yes; I met with Griffiths, and was searched in the investigator's office in the Bank of England, by Mr. Foy, and his brother, in the presence of Mr.Christmas and Mr. Griffiths, and I was supplied with money for the purpose of purchasing notes to the amount of three pounds three shillings in silver, and Griffiths was supplied with one pound one shilling. I had only a few halfpence about me beside this money. I went with Griffiths in the afternoon to the sign of the Fountain in the Minories; we went first to the sign of the Grave Maurice with Mr. Christmas and Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person73"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person73" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person73" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Then we were followed by Mr. Christmas and Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person74"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person74" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person74" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to the Fountain in the Minories; Christmas and Foy did not go in. Grithths and I went in, Foy and Christmas remaining out. When we went in, there was the prisoner,
<persName id="t18161030-1-person75"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person75" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person75" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and another man; a little while after that, the prisoner
<persName id="t18161030-1-person76"> Benjamin Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person76" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person76" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came in, and sat down by Griffiths,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300004"/>and stopped there a little while, and then asked me how many I wanted; I told him six, and gave him the money; then I told Grffiths to give him his money, and he gave him the one pound note and the shilling.</p>
<p>Q. Was any thing said about the former evening - A. Yes; Benjamin said to me and Griffiths, it is a pity you did not stop a little longer last night, as Tom ran home and came back with them. I considered Tom to be the man who served them with them. Then they both went out. Andrew Savage came back first. In a very short time, Benjamin came in. Then Benjamin gave me my six and be gave Griffiths his two. When I had received them, I put them into my right hand waistcoat pocket; as soon as we came out of the house, I delivered mine to
<persName id="t18161030-1-person77"> Richard Griffiths
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person77" type="surname" value="Griffiths"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person77" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Then we were all standing together, and Benjamin said to me, if you want any more, meet me at the White Swan to-morrow in Coleman-street, at twelve o'clock. I told Benjamin Savage if we wanted any more we would call; I did not expect we should, but if we did we should know where to find him. We then went to the first public-house, and there the five of us had something to drink, the two prisoners, Griffiths, I, and another person. After we parted with the prisoners, we went to the Grave Maurice in Whitechapel-road. We found there Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person78"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person78" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person78" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person79"> Charles Christmas
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person79" type="surname" value="Christmas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person79" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had previously delivered my notes to Griffiths, and he delivered them to Mr. Foy. We next met the prisoners on the 22nd of September.</p>
<p>THE ATTORNEY GENERAL. My Lord, we are now coming to the subject of the present indictment.</p>
<p>Q. Now, before you went to this meeting, were you again searched - A. I was; I can't tell by whom but Mr. Christmas was present. I was furnished with a one-pound Bank of England note, and one-pound two in silver; Griffiths was furnished with a one-pound Bank of England note, and one shilling, and then we went to the Fountain in the Minories, as we had appointed on the Saturday night; as we had not come on the Sunday to Coleman-street. Accordingly Griffiths, and I went to the Fountain, at twelve o'clock at noon; I believe Mr. Christmas followed us, and if I am not mistaken, one of the Mr. Foys, but I am not certain which, if either. We went there at twelve o'clock and stopped there until about three minutes after one; then we went away from there; neither of the prisoners were there when we went, nor did either of them come while we stopped. We then went to the Old Rum Puncheon, in the Minories, commonly called the Gully Hole, in Rose and Crown-court; it is generally called so, but I believe it was the Rum Puncheon. When we went there. neither of the prisoners were there; but we stopped a little while, and then they both came in. When they came in, we told them where we had been, and one of them, but I can't say which but both were present, said, there could be nothing, done until about eight o'clock at night. A little after seven, I, Griffiths, Andrew Savage, and
<persName id="t18161030-1-person80"> Benjamin Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person80" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person80" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> went close to the church at Aldgate, and we staid near the watchhouse, and the prisoner Andrew Savage asked me how many I wanted, and I told him four; and I gave him a genuine one pound Bank of England note and one pound two in silver, which was the money that I received. Then I saw Griffiths deliver him his one pound note and his shilling.</p>
<p>Q. To which - A. To Andrew. When Andrew received the money of us both, he said to Benjamin, then take them somewhere where you know, and he took us to the Coach and Horses in Northumberland-alley, Fenchurch-street. I can't say rightly how long we staid there, but I think it was an hour before Andrew returned, and when he returned he said, my darling boys, you are enjoying yourselves. Then he gave me my four notes, and I put them into my right hand waistcoat pocket. I then saw him give Griffiths two, but they were not separated, and there might be only one; there were two I believe. Griffiths put them into his left hand pantaloon pocket I believe. We stood there a little while together, and then we all four came out and another man with us. As soon as I got to the door, I gave my four notes to
<persName id="t18161030-1-person81"> Richard Griffiths
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person81" type="surname" value="Griffiths"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person81" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; that was before I parted with the prisoners, but I believe they did not see me give them to Griffiths, but we were altogether. We then went to the top of Northumberland-alley, and went to a wine vaults nearly opposite, if not quite, to the India House.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-1-person82"> RICHARD GRIFFITHS
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person82" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person82" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a gun maker by business; that is what I was brought up to. I know the two prisoners at the bar very well. I was employed by Mr. Westwood the Solicitor for the Bank of England to go and buy forged notes of the two Savages, in company with
<persName id="t18161030-1-person83"> John Charles
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person83" type="surname" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person83" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I first saw them on the 29th of August, at the sign of the Crown and Cushion in London Wall. When we went there the prisoners were not in the house at all, but we saw them in about a quarter of an hour after; there were two persons in company with them, one named Allcock, and another named Welch. We then sat down and called for some beer, and drank together.</p>
<p>Q. Were you made known to the prisoners at that time - A. Yes, I had been introduced to them by
<persName id="t18161030-1-person84"> John Charles
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person84" type="surname" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person84" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Did anything pass between you two about the prisoners - A. Yes; Charles asked me to give him my money; that was in the hearing and presence of the prisoners; we were all in one box together. I gave him my money to give to Andrew Savage, to purchase two forged one pound Bank notes; I had one pound, and a shilling, which I had received of Mr. Westwood. A little after, both the Savages went out; on their return they sat down, and
<persName id="t18161030-1-person85"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person85" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person85" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> spoke close to Charles's ear, so that I could not hear. I then saw
<persName id="t18161030-1-person86"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person86" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person86" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> give
<persName id="t18161030-1-person87">Charles</persName> some paper.</p>
<p>Q. Did you afterwards see Charles give anything to Mr. Westwood - A. Yes; the next morning I saw Charles give Mr. Westwood six forged Bank of England notes. On the 30th, Charles and I were in company together most part of the day. In the morn-of that day. I had received one pound one from Mr. Westwood, and Charles in my presence received I believe three pounds three shillings in silver; three-shilling pieces, and eighteen-penny pieces; they
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300005"/>were all marked by Mr. Foy. In the evening of that day, I met the prisoner at the White Swan, in Long Alley, Moore Fields; I joined company with them there; I stayed there about an hour; John Charles and
<persName id="t18161030-1-person88"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person88" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person88" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> went out there, leaving me and Benjamin together. In a short time afterwards
<persName id="t18161030-1-person89"> Benjamin Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person89" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person89" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> told me he did not like the appearance of two men that came into the house while they were gone, so we left it, and went to the Crown and Cushion, in London Wall. When we got there, we found
<persName id="t18161030-1-person90"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person90" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person90" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , John Charles, and a person named Welch. We joined company with them, and went into the same box. Benjamin Savage there asked me how many I wanted; I told him two; I gave him a one pound Bank of England note and a shilling, which I had received from Mr. Westwood. Then I saw Charles give him three pounds three shillings in silver; three shilling pieces and eighteen penny pieces. Benjamin Savage then took off his hat, and took out a white handkerchief which he had in his hat, and wrapped the money up in the handkerchief in separate parcels; then he went away. In about a quarter of an hour he returned, and said,</p>
<p>"nothing could be done to night;" and I saw him give Charles his money back, and he gave me mine. Then we came to the door along with John Charles and Benjamin Savage.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any appointment to meet again - A. Yes; Benjamin told us to meet him at the Fountain in the Minories, the next evening.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to the Fountain - A. Yes; in company with
<persName id="t18161030-1-person91"> John Charles
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person91" type="surname" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person91" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . They were not there; they had not come in. We waited about an hour; then we went out and went to the Old Rum Puncheon in Rose and Crown Court. That had not been mentioned as a place of meeting; but Charles said he thought he could find them there.</p>
<p>Q. What day are you speaking of - A. Saturday.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to this other public-house - A. Yes; we went to the Rum Poncheon; we did not find them there, but they came in, in a short time; both came in. They said nothing could be done until eight o'clock that evening.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear either of the prisoners say any thing about not waiting the night before - A. No; I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you part that night - A. Yes; we went down to the Crown and Cushion first; that was at night, at about eight o'clock. We were with them there; we went thence to the Fountain.</p>
<p>Q. What took place at the Fountain - A. When we went in, Andrew Savage was sitting there.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you meet on the Saturday - A. At the Fountain.</p>
<p>Q. Nothing having been done on the Friday, you were to meet on the Saturday - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Where did Charles go on the Saturday - A. To the Fountain.</p>
<p>Q. Were you to have met them - A. Yes; it was so agreed, so we went there on the Saturday at about half past seven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Before you went to the Fountain, had any money been given to Charles - A. Yes; I believe a one pound note, and one pound two shillings in silver.</p>
<p>Q. Had any money been given to you - A. Yes; one pound one shilling, Mr. Christmas gave it to me. I am not certain whether he gave the money to Charles.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you and Charles go to - A. To the Fountain, at about half past seven in the evening; and saw Andrew Savage there, and Welch. I had three or four shillings besides the money I had received from Mr. Christmas, to pay expences. Charles had a three shilling piece to pay his expences.</p>
<p>Q. Now you went there and saw Andrew Savage. Now what passed - A. A short time afterwards. Benjamin came in, and he said,</p>
<p>"it was a pity we did not stop ten minutes longer, as Tom ran home last night, and came back with some." Benjamin then sat down by me; he asked me how many I wanted; I told him two; and then John Charles told me to give him my money; I gave him the one pound note and a shilling, which I had received from Mr. Christmas. I saw Charles give him his money; I believe three pounds. Then Benjamin went out, and he was gone about half an hour. and then came back. He sat down with me; he gave me two one pound forged bank notes, and I saw him give Charles his. He gave him six; I put the notes which I had got from him into my left hand pantaloon pocket; and I saw Charles put his into his right hand waistcoat pocket. In a few minutes we all came out together. Benjamin Savage told us, if we wanted any more on the Sunday, to meet him at the White Swan public-house, in Colman-street, at twelve o'clock. Then we drank together; we went into Aldgate together, and into a public-house opposite Aldgate Church; soon after we parted; we had half a pint of gin at that house, and then parted. Charles and I came away together. Charles gave me six forged one pound notes. He gave them to me about five minutes after we came out of the Fountain; he had not been out of my sight from the time he received them, until he gave them to me. He had not been out of my sight from the time he left the Bank of England, until those notes were first in his possession. He had been searched before he went away; he was searched by Mr. Foy, in my presence. The six notes I received from Charles, I put into my right hand pantaloon pocket, and went then to the Grave Maurice, and met Mr. Foy and Mr. Christmas there, and gave the six notes I received from Charles, and my own two, to Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person92"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person92" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person92" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I marked those notes after I gave them to Mr. Foy, but before I lost sight of them.</p>
<p>Q. Now look at these two - A. Those are the two which I purchased.</p>
<p>Q. Now look at these six - A. I will; those are the six which I got from Charles. We were to meet again on the 2nd of September; we were to meet on the Monday at the Fountain; that was agreed if we did not meet on the Saturday; we were to meet at nine o'clock on the Monday morning at the Fountain; Charles and I went. I had a one pound note and a shilling, and three or four shilling in silver. I had that money from Mr. Christmas. Some money was given to Charles also, in my presence; I believe a one pound note and one pound two in silver; I saw he was searched first. We went from there to the Fountain; we got there between nine and ten o'clock;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300006"/>we did not see the prisoners; they did not come there again; I went from there to the Gulley Hole, more property called the Rum Puncheon with John Charles; they were not there when we went in, but they came in shortly afterwards. They then told us nothing could be done until eight o'clock. Then we stopped there with them all day; and then the two Savages, Charles, and I went to Aldgate, close to the church, where Andrew Savage asked me how many I wanted; I told him two; and I saw Charles give
<persName id="t18161030-1-person93"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person93" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person93" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> some money. I gave him my money also; I gave him a one pound note and a shilling; the same I received from Mr. Christmas.
<persName id="t18161030-1-person94"> Andrew Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person94" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person94" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> then told Benjamin, to take us to he knew where. He took us to the
<placeName id="t18161030-1-crimeloc4">Coach and Horses, in Northumberland-alley. Fenchurch street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-crimeloc4" type="placeName" value="Coach and Horses, in Northumberland-alley. Fenchurch street"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-crimeloc4" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-1-off1 t18161030-1-crimeloc4"/>; we sat down together, and in about three quarters of an hour, Andrew Savage came in; he sat down, and gave me two forged Bank of England notes; at the time he gave me those, Benjamin was present; we were all together. He gave
<persName id="t18161030-1-person95"> John Charles
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person95" type="surname" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person95" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> four notes; I put my two in my left hand pantaloon pocket as before; Charles put his into his right hand waistcoat pocket, and after we came out, Charles gave me the four pound notes; I put them into my right hand pantaloon pocket, away from the two I had. From the time Charles received those notes until the time he gave them to me, he was not out of my sight. We then went as far as the India House, and drank there together, opposite the India House. I left John Charles with the two Savages, and went to the Grave Maurice immediately from them, and gave my two notes, and Charles's four to Mr. Christmas. I kept them separate all the time; I had them, and marked them those I received from the elder Savage.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-1-person96"> CHARLES CHRISTMAS
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person96" type="surname" value="CHRISTMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person96" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I am Investigator of bank notes. I have seen Griffiths and Charles in company. Charles and Griffiths came to our office, Charles was searched there, and was Griffiths so as to ascertain that he had no bank notes about him. He was supplied with money there to the amount of three pounds three shillings; I gave that money to Foy, who had previously marked it; he gave Charles three pounds three shillings, and Griffiths one pound one shilling I am not confounding two different periods. After they had got this, they went to the Fountain in the Minories followed by me and Thomas Foy. We kept at a distance to avoid being observe to be of the party. They both went in we remained in the street some time, we were there for about an hour or more, and they did not come. We returned to the office but did not see any thing of them; about ten o'clock I saw Griffiths; he delivered to me the notes which he had purchased; he marked them before I took them they are all foegeries. On the 2nd I was to watch were Charles and Griffiths went to. On the 31st, I followed them to the Fountain in the Minories at some distance behind; this was about half past seven in the evening; I waited there for about ten minutes; Andrew Savage then came out from the Fountain. He went across the Minories, and went to the Coach and Horses public house, in Northumberland-alley; I followed him; I waited under the archway for about ten minutes whilst he was in the public house; he came out accompanied by a man, a stranger to me; he came out, and went into Jury-street, and under the East India company wall, they were met by Benjamin Savage; they all three stopped together a few minutes, and then they went to the Bunch of Grapes.</p>
<p>Q. What did they appear to be doing before that A. They appeared to be exchanging something from one another; then they went all three to the Bunch of Grapes;
<persName id="t18161030-1-person97"> Benjamin Savage
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person97" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person97" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> gave this strange man some money.</p>
<p>Q. Is he the person that you now know by the name of Tom - A. yes.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-1-person98"> THOMAS FOY
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person98" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person98" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Corroborated the testimony of the last witness.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t18161030-1-punish6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-1-punish6" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-1-defend60 t18161030-1-punish6"/> DEATH </rs> aged 42.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-1-person99"> BENJAMIN SAVAGE
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person99" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person99" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-1-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t18161030-1-verdict7" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-1-verdict7" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t18161030-1-punish8" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-1-punish8" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-1-defend62 t18161030-1-punish8"/> DEATH </rs> aged 28.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-2">
<interp inst="t18161030-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-2-off9-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-2-defend100 t18161030-2-off9 t18161030-2-verdict12"/>
<persName id="t18161030-2-defend100" type="defendantName"> THOMAS CANE
<interp inst="t18161030-2-defend100" type="surname" value="CANE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-defend100" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-defend100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-defend100" type="age" value="28"/> </persName> was
<rs id="t18161030-2-off9" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-2-off9" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-off9" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> indicted for a like offence </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-2-person101"> JOHN CHARLES
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person101" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person101" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was employed by the Bank to detect the prisoner. I met him on the 5th of September, but not to purchase any of him. I also met him on the Tuesday, and I met him on the next Thursday; the first of these times, I met him in Moorfields; he and his wife were together; he promised to meet me again that night in Cloth-fair, and I went, but could not find him. On the Sunday morning I met him at the Two Bells in White Chapel. On the 19th, I met him in the Tower at Artillery lane; and on the 12th, I was to have met him there but I met him as I was coming out.</p>
<p>Q. did you make any appointment to meet him any day after the Thursday-A. yes, I made an appointment to meet him at night o'clock on the sunday which was the 15th, at the George near
<placeName id="t18161030-2-crimeloc10">White Chaple Church</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-crimeloc10" type="placeName" value="White Chaple Church"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-crimeloc10" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-2-off9 t18161030-2-crimeloc10"/>. I communicated that appointment to Mr. Christmas and to Mr. Foy; I was searched before I went there by Mr. John Foy and Charles Jefferies; Mr. John Foy gave me eight one pound good notes, and two pounds in silver, and Mr. Christmas gave me a shilling to spend.
<persName id="t18161030-2-person102"> Charles Jefferies
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person102" type="surname" value="Jefferies"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person102" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Mr. Cox followed me. Both went into the house after I got into the house; I found the prisoner there sitting with two women, one of whom I believe to be his wife. We asked each other how we did first, then the box where we sat was full of company pretty well, for Mr. Cox sat in the same box, and I believe there were two other persons. The first question he asked me, after we had asked each other how we did was whether my friend was handy, that is near at hand, I said yes, he was at no great distance; because he said I have brought you forty; I had had a conversation with him before about a friend. After he had said this, I said I was not prepared for forty then, as I thought proper not to bring my friend with me; I said I would take twenty to night and twenty in the morning; and I asked him if that would do, and he said it would. Now you give me thing meaning the money; I gave him two pound in silver, and eight one pound notes. He said I should have one out of every score; he said it collectively but I perfectly understood that he meant one forged note in every twenty. Then we all came
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300007"/>out of the house together; I mean the prisoner and I and the two women.</p>
<p>Q. did you see anything as you come out of the house - A. yes; I saw him stop to speak to his wife at the door, and said to me go a little higher up to the Church, and wait for me half a minute. I did not see anything while he was speaking to his wife, I was to go towards the church; I went about a dozen yards; he came up to me near the church; he then gave me a roll of paper, and said here is a nice little cartridge for you; I put it in my pocket; we then went on together; we went down
<placeName id="t18161030-2-crimeloc11">Bricklane</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-crimeloc11" type="placeName" value="Bricklane"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-crimeloc11" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-2-off9 t18161030-2-crimeloc11"/>. the prisoner said," I have brought some of them things as I was talking to you about," and then he produced a three shilling token, and asked me to ring it, and I rang it in my hand. Then we went to a cookshop window to look at the impression, to see if it was not a very good one; then he gave me an eighteenpenny piece, and I looked at that also. I gingled them as we were going along, and it rolled upon the pavement; then we went on into Union-street, and there we were taking together, and then Mr. Christmas came up to me and took hold of me, and Mr. Foy and Mr. Jefferson took hold of the prisoner. They took us to a wine vaults in Shoreditch, and Mr. Foy searched the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-2-person103"> CHARLES CHRISTMAS
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person103" type="surname" value="CHRISTMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person103" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 15th I saw Charles in the morning; he was searched in the afternoon. John and
<persName id="t18161030-2-person104"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person104" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person104" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18161030-2-person105"> Charles Jeffereys
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person105" type="surname" value="Jeffereys"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person105" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Mr. Cox, and myself were present when he was searched; he had only a few halfpence, about him. He had seven pounds in Dark notes, and three pounds in Silver given him, and I gave him a shilling to spend. Being furnished with this money, he went from the house where he was searched, (the
<persName id="t18161030-2-person106"> Gray Maurice
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person106" type="surname" value="Maurice"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person106" type="given" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ) and was followed by Mr. Cox, Jeffreys, Foy, and myself. This was about eight o'clock in the evening; I did not see them go into a public-house as there were people, but we went opposite the George public-house in Whitechapel Road.
<persName id="t18161030-2-person107"> John Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person107" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person107" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> waited with me, and
<persName id="t18161030-2-person108"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person108" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person108" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was close by. We were there about half an hour when the prisoner came out; two women were also with him. At the door he stopped, and gave something to a woman, who I understood was his wife; he then went on; Charles was just before, and he joined him; Charles came out with him; but had gone on a few paces. The prisoner joined company with Charles by the wall of Whitechapel Church; I did not see what became of the woman; Jefferey's was following the prisoner, and Charles and John Foy, and myself were close behind. They crossed over into Brick-lane together, talking all the time. They stopped at the window of a cookshop in Brick-lane, and I saw the prisoner give Charles something at the window. They then went on, and as they crossed to the wall of Spital Fields Church, they both stooped down and sounded something. I heard that; they then proceeded down Church-street, towards Bishopsgate; they stopped at nearly the end of-street, to speak together. Foy and myself crossed immediately; the prisoner was taken into custody by Foy and Jeffrey's, and I took Charles. We then went to a house in Bishopsgate-street, near Norton Falgate. They were taken in, and the prisoner was searched. He was first asked by Foy, who, and what he was, and what he was doing with Charles; he denied all knowledge of him, and said he never saw him before. There were found on his person, a small pocket book, twelve shillings and sixpence in silver, and a small key. In fact, there were three keys; one was of a street door; Foy then searched Charles, and on searching him, he found this roll of paper in his pocket, and I saw it found on him. Charles was asked where he got them from; and he said from the prisoner. He was asked for what purpose, and he said he had bought them. Foy again asked the prisoner two or three several times, where he lived; who he was; what he was; and what he had been doing with Charles. He refused to give any account of himself whatever, and still persisted in denying all knowledge of Charles. Upon Charles saying that the prisoner gave them to him, I saw the notes taken from Charles; I marked them; they are all forgeries, and I have the same observations to make with respect to them, that I made with respect to the others.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-2-person109"> JOHN FOY
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person109" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person109" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-2-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer. I searched Charles; I searched him in such a manner as to be certain that he had no roll of paper about him; I heard the account of these witnesses, and that is correct as far as came within my observation. During all the time I was following Charles; there was not a possibility of receiving from any person this roll of paper. I produce a pocket book. On Charles I found a paper, which on opening, contained twenty forged notes; they were on a small roll, and tied up in the paper. I asked him where he got it, and he said, "from that man," pointing to the prisoner. I asked him for what purpose, and he said he bought them. The prisoner did not then say any thing to it; but I asked him where he got them from; and he said he knew nothing about them; I asked him what he knew of this man, meaning Charles; and he said he never saw him before. I said, you must know him; and he said, "no, he did not, for he had never spoken to him in his life. I said, that can't be, for you were speaking to him when I took you into custody, this moment. He said," he was not." I said, what is your name, and where do you live. He said, "he should not give an account of himself." I said, you must; that my name was Foy, and that I was a police officer, and he was suspected to be a seller of forged notes, and if he did not say who he was, I should state that in my evidence against him.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-2-verdict12" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-2-verdict12" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>-
<rs id="t18161030-2-punish13" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-2-punish13" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-2-defend100 t18161030-2-punish13"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 28.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-3">
<interp inst="t18161030-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-3-off14-c108" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-3-defend110 t18161030-3-off14 t18161030-3-verdict16"/>
<persName id="t18161030-3-defend110" type="defendantName"> ANN WOODMAN
<interp inst="t18161030-3-defend110" type="surname" value="WOODMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-defend110" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-defend110" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-defend110" type="age" value="28"/> </persName> was
<rs id="t18161030-3-off14" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-3-off14" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-off14" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> indicted for the like offence </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-3-person111"> JOHN CHARLES
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person111" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was taken up on suspicion of having forged bank notes in my possession. I was taken up twice, The last time on the 23rd of September. I believe I was discharged. After that, I was employed under the solicitor for the Bank of England, to detect the prisoner at the bar. I was employed by Mr. Westwood to detect as many as I knew. I met the prisoner at the bar, in company
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300008"/>with other persons, on the 15th of September. I met her at the sign of the George public house, near Whitechapel church.</p>
<p>Q. do you happen to know whether that person had been taken up - A. I certainly knew that he had been taken up.</p>
<p>Q. had you any conversation with her on that day about forged notes - A. I believe I had.</p>
<p>Q. what was it - A. I am not certain; it was not particular. I did not make any appointment with her she made an appointment with me; she told me if she heard any news she would call on me on the Thursday; if not, on the Friday morning. She did not come. I did not see her afterwards until a person with whom I then lived gave me some information; and in consequence of a message that was left for me, I met her again on the twenty second of September, that was on a Sunday; I believe, at the Pewter Platter in White Lion street, Nortonfalgate, that was on Sunday the twenty second.</p>
<p>Q. was any appointment then made to meet on the following day - A. yes; I was to meet her at nine o'clock the next evening the twenty third; she told me that we were to meet at the Three Tunns; I told her I did not know the Three Tuns she described the way to me; she said if you come up to the top of the street by the Jews chappel, and turn to your right hand, the first public house you come to is the Three Tunns she described to me the place where we were to meet; that was the place I was to meet her at</p>
<p>Q. what were you to meet for - A. I had told her on the twenty second, that I wanted twenty; she answerd that I was to tell her exactly how many I wanted, and she would not bring any more with her than I could take. I told her that I could not be-sure I could take more or not; but I would engage to take twenty.</p>
<p>Q. When you talked of taking twenty, what were you speaking of - A. I was meaning forged notes; we were two well acpuainted with that commodity to mistake each other; we generally talked of them as the thing, or screens, or queer thing. The Three Tunns was the place that I went to, but I found that the house that was the first was on my right, and I went on to White Chapel.</p>
<p>Q. Did you communicate the appointment you had made to any one - A. Yes, to Mr. Christmas, and the peace officers. In consequence of that, I was searched on the Monday, the 23rd, by Mr. John Foy, first, and I believe Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-3-person112"> Charles Jeffries
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person112" type="surname" value="Jeffries"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person112" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , afterwards; I had nothing more about me than a few halfpence; two shillings were given me by Mr. Christmas to spend and seven genuine one pound Bank of England notes and three pound in silver, making to the amount of ten pound together; the price I was to give was ten pound for them, that money would purchase twenty. Then I went to the Seven stars in Brick-lane.</p>
<p>Q. Did any of the person who had attended the search go with you - A. Yes; Jefferies went part of the way in company with me; when we got near the place, he drew a little behind, and let me go in first the other followed me I believe at a distance. When I went into the house, I called for a pint of beer; the prisoner came in afterwards; it might be within half an hour, or a little more; she asked me how I did; I said the same to her. Then she made an apology for making the mistake in saying it was the Three Tuns, as she afterwards found out it was the Seven Stars; after that, she asked me to walk a little way; I said most certainly, and we came out to the door; she stopped at the door half a minute, or near, I dare say; there was nothing passed there in particular. We walked from there up Brick-lane; there was no other in company with us two. We walked to the corner of Old Montague-street; in our walk there, we made an appointment to meet on Thursday; the 23rd was a Monday. When we got to the corner of Old Montague-street, we made a stop, but for what, I can't say, it was for nothing in particular. We then went down
<placeName id="t18161030-3-crimeloc15">Old Montague-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="Old Montague-street"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-crimeloc15" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-3-off14 t18161030-3-crimeloc15"/>, and came and stopped a little past the Cock and Key on the opposite side of the way. When we stopped, she said, is the thing all ready; I said yes; I then gave her seven one-pound Bank of England notes; this was in the street near the Cock and Key. I gave her the notes, and three pounds in silver, the same which I received from Mr. Foy. When she received the money, she said, you devil, why did you not wrap the silver up in the notes; I believe the most part of the silver was in tokens; I then gave her the silver, and she said, she would not be a minute before she returned; she went away; she was not longer than five minutes away, before she returned. When she came back, she gave me the roll of paper, and said, on Thursday night remember. I then put the bundle, or roll, which I suspected to be forged notes into my pocket. She was then going to bid me good night, and I called her then by her name, Mrs. Lawrence; that was the name by which I knew her; I said, won't you go and have something to drink before we part. We went into a public-house, the sign of the Cock and Key; we staid there no longer than while the landlord served us two glasses of gin; I paid for them, and received the change out of a shilling. We did not go above a dozen steps, before we were apprehended; it was before we had got out of the court where the Cock and Key is situated. I made a sign to the officers, to shew them that the dealing had taken place; I dare say I gave them words. Then we were apprehended, both I and the prisoner; that was the third time I was apprehended; I was only apprehended once on a real charge against myself. The officers took me and the prisoner into a house; Christmas and Jefferies took the prisoners; Jefferies also put his arm into my arm, and I made no resistance. They then took us to a house; the prisoner called out murder and robbery, and for assistance when she was apprehended. We were then taken to No. 8, King's Arms Court, kept by a person named Wilson. When we got into the house, Mr. Christmas searched the prisoner. Jefferies also searched her; they did not find anything particular on her; they found some shillings I believe. Mr. Christmas and Jefferies were standing by when I was searched; a roll of paper was found on me, Mr. Christmas took charge of them; he took it out of my pocket, that was the same I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300009"/>received from the prisoner most certainly. Mr. Christmas asked me where I got them from? I said from the prisoner; that was in her presence; I don't know that she made any observation upon it. I belive she was asked what she was doing with me.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-3-person113"> CHARLES CHRISTMAS
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person113" type="surname" value="CHRISTMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person113" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am inspector of Bank of England notes. I know the prisoner, and the last witness, Charles. Charles under an authority from me acted under my directions; he was authorised to deal with the prisoner at the bar if possible. I first saw the prisoner on the 15th of September; John and
<persName id="t18161030-3-person114"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person114" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person114" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , two officers, were with me. I saw her at the George public-house, in Whitechapel-road; there were four persons coming out of the house together; the prisoner, and another woman, the prisoner Cann, and the last witness; Cann is the man who was convicted on Saturday. When I say I saw them together, I mean they were conversing together, and spoke to each other as they passed.</p>
<p>Q. What became of them - A. Foy and I followed Cann and Charles, and we apprehended Cann at that time. The prisoner went away at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner and Charles together on any subsequent day - A. Yes, on the 18th, the Wednesday following;
<persName id="t18161030-3-person115"> John Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person115" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person115" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was with me; I saw him in Moorfields; I saw the prisoner, Charles, and another person together in Moorfields. At the time they were walking together in Moorfields, I passed them three times; they appeared acquainted, and in conversation together quite familiar. They then went into Broker's-row, opposite the Crown and Cushion London-wall, I followed them, they still continued in company together, and conversing together, and they were conversing together more than ten minutes. I still continued to watch and observe them. They were together half an hour, or better; during the whole of that time, they appeared to be intimate and familiar together. Previous to the 23rd of September, I saw Charles; he made a communication to me. In consequence of that, Charles was searched; I saw him searched, it was at his lodgings;
<persName id="t18161030-3-person116"> Thomas Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person116" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person116" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Jefferies were present; Jefferies is also an officer; he was thoroughly searched; first by John Foy, and afterwards by Jefferies; he had then a few halfpence on him.</p>
<p>Q. I will ask you was it possible that he could have about him any roll of forged bank notes - A. It was impossible for him to have any thing about him without its being known. I then gave him two shillings to spend;
<persName id="t18161030-3-person117"> John Foy
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person117" type="surname" value="Foy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person117" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> gave him seven one-pound notes and three pounds in silver.</p>
<p>Q. For what purpose was that given him - A. To purchase twenty forged one-pound notes. We then proceeded to the house where the appointment had been made, the Seven Stars, in Brick-lane; the witness Charles and Jefferies went together; I followed, and the two Foys with me. Charles and Jefferies went in there; I waited close at the door, and the two Foys were near to the place where I was. I waited there for about a quarter of an hour, or rather more, when the prisoner came in company with two men to the door.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this - A. This was after nine o'clock at night. I looked into the public-house; but I could not observe the parties. The man who went in with the prisoner came out in a few minutes afterwards; he came out, and came down Brick-lane. About ten minutes afterwards, the prisoner and Charles came out together; they just stopped at the door, and then went in; Jefferies came out immediately after them. The prisoner and Charles passed me. I heard the prisoner say to Charles, no, my dear, indeed I have not heard of him. They crossed the road, and went on. I was on the opposite side to them all the way. That street won't admit of more than two carriages abreast. They went to Old Montague-street, and Jefferies was following me close behind. They stopped there about a minute, and then went along Old Montague-street; Jefferies and I followed them; we were within three or four yards of them all the way through that street. and they stopped nearly opposite to the Cock and Key public-house, just beyond. The prisoner then left Charles, and went into King's Arms-court, just opposite. I went up to Charles, and spoke to him. I went a short distance, and she came back after a minute or so. Then they crossed over, and went into the Cock and Key; I saw them talking together in the passage of that house. They then came out, and were about parting; I then went over to Charles, and asked him if he had made a purchase, and he said yes. Then the prisoner was endeavouring to get away, when I went up to her; she was going away; she did not apprehend anything at that time as I know of. I went up to her, and took her into custody; I laid hold of her hand; Jefferys at the same time laid hold of Charles. The prisoner called out thieves! and murder! I did not treat her with any violence, only by holding her hand; she called that out several times, and several persons in the court opened their doors; and the prisoner said these men want to rob and murder me. I made a request of one of the persons, and in short, we want into No. 8, Mr. Wilson's, and the prisoner was searched there, and on her were found, fourteen shillings and sixpence in silver, and a small key. I asked her her name, but she refused to give her name; Charles at the same time was present; Jefferies at the same time had hold of him; she refused giving any name or saying where she lived. I then searched Charles; I found in his left hand small clothes pocket twenty one-pound forged notes, they were rolled up in a roll; they were not tied, but were rolled tight up, and there was just a small bit of thread twisted round them I then asked the prisoner her name, a second time; she said her name was Woodman. I also asked her where she lived, and she said, she would not say, as it might disgrace her family. Upon finding these notes on Charles, I asked him where he got them; he said, from that person, pointing to the prisoner. I asked him for what purpose. She denied all knowledge of him; she said she never saw him before; she said she did not know who he was, nor what he was. I asked him for what purpose he had them from her; he said, he bought them from her, and gave her ten pounds for them; in fact, he said, I gave ten pounds for them to that person; she made no reply.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300010"/>Q. Now I would ask you from the time at which you saw Charles at his lodgings, was there a possibility of his receiving the notes from any other person than the prisoner - A. No, he was not out of my sight, only while he was in the Seven Stars.</p>
<p>Q. From the time of their coming out, until the woman was apprehended, was there any possibility of his receiving them from any one else - A. No. I marked those notes that I took from Charles; I marked them that evening. I look at them; they are all forged, in the paper, and in the hand-writing; and they are forged in every respect; they import to be the signatures of the different persons who are signing clerks; but they are not the hand-writing of those persons; they are all of one stamp.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-3-person118"> CHARLES JEFFERIES
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person118" type="surname" value="JEFFERIES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person118" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of the police. I have heard the account given by Mr. Christmas; that account is correct in all its parts.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-3-person119"> JOHN FOY
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person119" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person119" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-3-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I attended the search of Charles.</p>
<p>Q. Was it possible for him to receive any notes or money from any person between his own lodging and the Seven Stars - A. It was not. After he came out again, I followed him to the corner of Old Montague-street; during the time I watched them, he could not have had any communication with any other person except the prisoner. I was not present when they were apprehended; I lost them for a short time, but got to them again in Whitechapel-road, and the prisoner was then in custody. I searched the prisoner; I told the prisoner she was charged with having sold forged notes. I asked her her name; she said her name was Woodman. So I asked her who the man was she had been drinking with, and she said he was a man she had known about twelve months, and had occasionally called to see her. I asked her whether she met him by appointment or accident that evening, and she said by accident. I asked her how long it was since she had seen him before that evening; and she said some weeks, more than a month. I had seen them in company together on the 18th, in Moorfields. I asked her where she lived, and she would not tell. I had seen her on the 15th and 18th in company with Charles. I had furnished him with ten pounds, seven pounds in notes and three pounds in silver.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-3-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-3-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-3-punish17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-3-punish17" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-3-defend110 t18161030-3-punish17"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 28.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18161030-4-defend121" type="defendantName"> CHARLES HAMLET
<interp inst="t18161030-4-defend121" type="surname" value="HAMLET"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-defend121" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-defend121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-defend121" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-4-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-4-cd19" type="crimeDate">19th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-4-off18 t18161030-4-cd19"/>, a five-pound Bank of England note, the property of
<persName id="t18161030-4-victim123" type="victimName"> Charles Hay Cameron
<interp inst="t18161030-4-victim123" type="surname" value="Cameron"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-victim123" type="given" value="Charles Hay"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-victim123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-4-off18 t18161030-4-victim123"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-4-person124"> CHARLES HAY CAMERON
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person124" type="surname" value="HAY CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person124" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 19th of September, I missed a five-pound note; I was then lodging at the
<placeName id="t18161030-4-crimeloc20">New Exchange coffee-house</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-crimeloc20" type="placeName" value="New Exchange coffee-house"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-crimeloc20" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-4-off18 t18161030-4-crimeloc20"/>, kept by a person named Price, I had received sixty pounds from my bankers, Sir.
<persName id="t18161030-4-person125"> Peter Pole
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person125" type="surname" value="Pole"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person125" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Co.; I received it in three ten-pound notes, four five-pound notes, and the rest in one-pound notes; I put them into a box of my own and locked it, and I am quite sure I did not myself unlock it between the 13th and 19th; I know the prisoner, he was my servent. I moved on the 19th from the coffee-house, and I missed this note after I moved on that day. I went to my chambers in the Temple, and immediately on getting there, I opened my box, and found that one five-pound note was gone. I went on the same day to the coffee-house, to inquire; Mr. Price the master of it made inquiries among his
<rs id="t18161030-4-deflabel21" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-4-defend121 t18161030-4-deflabel21"/>s; and one of the servants gave him some information. In consequence of that he gave me some information, and I requested him to go to a certain place and get something; the ship at Charing Cross. He got the note and brought it to me; I took it to my bankers, and I asked him the number of the five-pound notes they had given me, and I found this note was one of them.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-4-person126"> JOHN HILL
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person126" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person126" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-4-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the Ship, in Charing Cross; I know the prisoner, and have seen him there several times, I remember giving him change of a five-pound note; that was on the 18th or 19th of September. I look at this note, there is 13th 9th upon it. I had no other five-pound note at that time. I am certain this is it.</p>
<p>MR. PARSONS. I am clerk in the house of Pole and Co.; they are bankers. I remember Mr. Camerons receiving some money from me; one of the partners came to me with Mr. Cameron's check, and I paid it; it was for sixty pounds, and drawn by C. H. Cameron; I paid it in three tens, four fives, and ten ones; I took the numbers of the fives, and one of those numbers correspond with the number of the note produced, No. 12413, dated March 13th; I think there can be no doubt that this is one of the five-pound notes paid in payment of Mr. Cameron's check. I took nothing more than the number and date of the note.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I am quite clear of what my master accuses me of. The time I was paid off, I had eleven pounds given me for wages, and I brought eight pounds to London; some was notes and some was silver.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-4-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-4-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 18.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-4-punish23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-4-punish23" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-4-defend121 t18161030-4-punish23"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18161030-5-defend128" type="defendantName"> JOHN AGGUS
<interp inst="t18161030-5-defend128" type="surname" value="AGGUS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-5-defend128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-5-defend128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was
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<interp inst="t18161030-5-off24" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-5-off24" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> indicted for a rape </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-5-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-5-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-6-off26-c124" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-6-defend130 t18161030-6-off26 t18161030-6-verdict28"/>
<persName id="t18161030-6-defend130" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t18161030-6-defend130" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-defend130" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-defend130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-defend130" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-6-off26" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-6-off26" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-off26" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18161030-6-victim132" type="victimName"> Thomas Gray
<interp inst="t18161030-6-victim132" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-victim132" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-victim132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-6-off26 t18161030-6-victim132"/> </persName> , and for feloniously stealing therein, two boots, value 30s. his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-6-person133"> THOMAS GRAY
<interp inst="t18161030-6-person133" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-person133" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the
<rs id="t18161030-6-cd27" type="crimeDate">7th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-6-off26 t18161030-6-cd27"/>, I was at home between nine and ten o'clock in the morning; my shop door does not open into the street; there is a side door that enters into the shop. I was sitting at breakfast in such a position that I could see the shop door; it was shut, I am sure, and latched. I saw the prisoner enter, I saw him make a scramble at the boots and shoes in the window; he entered by the door. Those goods were bespoke made boots. My son was sitting in the same direction, and said something, and I immediately pursued. I followed him myself; I saw him, and my son said there is a man stealing boots. I saw him take the boots; he went out with them; I pursued him immediately after; I lost sight of him in the pursuit for about a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300011"/>quarter of a minute in my going out of the door; when I regained sight of him, the boots were dropt in the street; they might be not more than ten or a dozen yards from the shop. I looked at them; I picked up one immediately, and my son another; they were mine, and in my shop that day. I know them by the number and name that is within them; together they are worth considerably more than thirty shillings; I should have lost two pairs of boots in point of value; it would render both pairs useless. I now look at the prisoner, and I am sure he is the man.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-6-person134"> WILLIAM GRAY
<interp inst="t18161030-6-person134" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-person134" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-6-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the son of the last witness. I was with him on the morning in question. I saw a man go through the door; that man was the prisoner; I have no doubt of his being the man. I saw him go out with two boots; I pursued him myself immediately; he dropped them in the street upon my calling stop thief; he was stopt, and I came up. He dropped the boots before that. I am certain I saw him take them, and drop them.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I was coming along the Strand, and I came past the gentleman's house, and there was a man came out of the door almost violently enough to knock me down, and dropped something, and a young chap was coming after me, and I was running after the man, and I was stopped, so he said, I was the man, and I said, I hope you will forgive me, because I am not the man, and you are wrong.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-6-verdict28" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-6-verdict28" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t18161030-6-punish29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-6-punish29" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-6-defend130 t18161030-6-punish29"/> DEATH </rs> aged 30.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18161030-7-defend136" type="defendantName"> ALEXANDER AITKIN
<interp inst="t18161030-7-defend136" type="surname" value="AITKIN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-defend136" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
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<interp inst="t18161030-7-defend136" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t18161030-7-off30" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-7-off30" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-off30" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> for burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18161030-7-victim138" type="victimName"> Charles Skinner
<interp inst="t18161030-7-victim138" type="surname" value="Skinner"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-victim138" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-victim138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-7-off30 t18161030-7-victim138"/> </persName> , at about the hour of nine in the night of the
<rs id="t18161030-7-cd31" type="crimeDate">23rd of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-7-off30 t18161030-7-cd31"/>, with intent to steal, and for burglariously stealing therein, a shoe, value 3s. his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-7-person139"> CHARLES SKINNER
<interp inst="t18161030-7-person139" type="surname" value="SKINNER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-person139" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the night of the 23rd of October, I was standing in my shop, it was about a quarter before nine; I had a light in my shop. I was alarmed by a sudden breaking of my windows; two pairs were broken of my shop window. I went to the door; I saw the prisoner at the bar, I have not the least doubt of his being the man, running across the street; I pursued him; I did not observe him first; I secured him with the assistance of another person, who was in the neighbourhood. After securing him, I brought him back to the shop; while in the shop, a person brought a shoe in, which he picked up in the street; his name is Meridith, and he asked me if it was my property; I said it was. We then, it being near the hour of nine, detained him in the shop until the watch came; then I delivered him up to the watchman. I am sure the panes were not broken before. At the time I took the prisoner, his hands were bleeding very much I believe both of them, but one I am positive of. There was no mark of blood about the window; there is a mark of blood on the shoe.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-7-person140"> CHARLES JEFFERIES
<interp inst="t18161030-7-person140" type="surname" value="JEFFERIES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-person140" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-7-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was before the magistrates, and this shoe was delivered to me by Mr. Hicks.</p>
<p>(Property produced and sworn to.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. On the night in question, I had been with a young man from the country, and I was quite inebriated.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-7-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-7-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-7-punish33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-7-punish33" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-7-defend136 t18161030-7-punish33"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 21.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-8">
<interp inst="t18161030-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-8-off34-c132" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-8-defend142 t18161030-8-off34 t18161030-8-verdict36"/>
<persName id="t18161030-8-defend142" type="defendantName"> EDWARD TURNER
<interp inst="t18161030-8-defend142" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-defend142" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-defend142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-defend142" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> was indicted for the
<rs id="t18161030-8-off34" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-8-off34" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-off34" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of
<persName id="t18161030-8-victim144" type="victimName"> John Curtis
<interp inst="t18161030-8-victim144" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-victim144" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-victim144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-8-off34 t18161030-8-victim144"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-8-person145"> JOHN CURTIS
<interp inst="t18161030-8-person145" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-person145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , SEN. I am the father of the young man that lost his life.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-8-person146"> RICHARD COOMBE
<interp inst="t18161030-8-person146" type="surname" value="COOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-person146" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was present at the field of battle, on the 22nd of October, at
<placeName id="t18161030-8-crimeloc35">Moulsey Hurst</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-crimeloc35" type="placeName" value="Moulsey Hurst"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-crimeloc35" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-8-off34 t18161030-8-crimeloc35"/>. There was no stage erected; they fought on the ground; there were a great many spectators on the ground. They fought an hour and twenty minutes; each had his seconds to see fair play. I saw the whole of the fight; it ended in Curtis's being quite exhausted. He lay on the ground; in the conclusion of the fight, he was thrown; in that throwing there was nothing that was unfair. Curtis would have continued fighting longer, had it not been for his seconds, who brought him away.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe the prisoner take any unfair advantage - A. No; I observed very much like forbearance towards the latter end of the fight on his part. When Curtis was very much beaten, about ten minutes before the conclusion of the fight the prisoner for bore very much. While Curtis was lying on the ropes, the prisoner several times could have struck him violent blows, but he held up his hands, and left him as he was; he held up his hands to the public, to see that he would not take any advantage.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any thing in Turner's conduct, which marked a cruelty of temper - A. By no means, very much the reverse; I was present when Curtis was taken off the field; he was carried to the Red Lion, at Hampton. I was with him until he died. I knew the man by sight very well; I was not present when the doctor was there. I found him in bed when I went over. I omitted telling one thing; that in the third round, before the battle finished, having a knowledge of Curtis; I went to him, and begged of him to leave off fighting. He told me there was nothing the matter with him, and he could win the fight then. The men that were seconding him, took him in their arms and carried him between the ropes, and set him on his legs; he then ran into the ring again and began fighting. His seconds had meant that he should not fight any longer; but he got under the ropes again, and would fight again, and then it ended in three rounds afterwards.</p>
<p>MR. GRIFFIN. I am a surgeon, of Hampton. I was called into the Red Lion, at Hampton, to see this young man, between seven and eight in the evening, of the 22nd of October. I did see him; he was in bed when I came; I examined his body; his head was very much swollen, so that you could scarcely distinguish a feature; there were several bruizes on his body; but none that I should conceive would be mortal. I attended him for about twenty minutes. Upon my first seeing him, I apprehended serious danger; he was perfectly in a state of insensibility; he had not the power of speech, nor the act of swallowing. I learn that he died about four hours after I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300012"/>saw him; I was not present when he died. I recommended that he should have some leeches; but without much hope. I certainly thought he would die. I did not open his body; I was not surprised at his death; I conceived his death arose from the bruizes undoubtedly.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. My Lord and Gentleman of the jury, deeply impressed with the great peril to which I am exposed, under the present heavy charge against me, and with the great difficulty I necessarily experience in substantiating my innocence. Owing to the great danger to which the most computent witnesses of the transaction would be exposed, were they to be examined. I must request your most serious attention to such facts as I shall be enabled to lay before you, by which I trust not only my natural disposition will appear, but that, on this occasion of the present sad catastrophe imputed to me, I was goaded into a consent to fight the deceased,[ who was a prize fighter] and with the greatest reluctance I entered the ring, after having been assaulted and abused with the most unremitting virulence; and when I did so, as soon as I ascertained my superiority over my antagonist, I forbore on very many occasions to avail myself of such advantages as presented themselves, and with the greatest reluctance I continued the combat, until the unfortunate event which I must ever deplore and lament, and which has placed me in my awful situation; and I must beg to state that my pursuits in life are honest, and my aversion to prize fighting great, never having before fought a pitched battle, nor should I on this occasion, but from the great aggrivation, which it will be proved I received. I assure your Lordship, and the Gentlemen of the jury, that I am wholly innocent of any intention to seriously injure the deceased, and that there never existed in my mind the smallest particle of malice towards him; I trust my character for humanity and forbearance on this accasion, will have its due weight.</p>
<p>GUILTY, aged 25.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-8-verdict36" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-8-verdict36" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-verdict36" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> Of Man-slaughter </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-8-punish37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-8-punish37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-8-defend142 t18161030-8-punish37"/> Confined three months </rs>, and
<rs id="t18161030-8-punish38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-8-punish38" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-8-punish38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-8-defend142 t18161030-8-punish38"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-9-off39-c137" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-defend150 t18161030-9-off39 t18161030-9-verdict42"/>
<persName id="t18161030-9-defend148" type="defendantName"> JOHN CARTER, alias
<rs id="t18161030-9-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-defend148 t18161030-9-alias-1"/>WOOD</rs>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend148" type="surname" value="CARTER"/>
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<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend148" type="age" value="16"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18161030-9-defend150" type="defendantName"> ROBERT CHURCH
<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend150" type="surname" value="CHURCH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend150" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-defend150" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-9-off39" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-9-off39" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-off39" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assauting
<persName id="t18161030-9-victim152" type="victimName"> William Marsh
<interp inst="t18161030-9-victim152" type="surname" value="Marsh"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-victim152" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-victim152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-off39 t18161030-9-victim152"/> </persName> , in the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t18161030-9-cd40" type="crimeDate">5th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-off39 t18161030-9-cd40"/>, for putting him in fear, and taking from his person, and against his will, a silver watch, value 2l. his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-9-person153"> WILLIAM MARSH
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person153" type="surname" value="MARSH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was passing through
<placeName id="t18161030-9-crimeloc41">George street, Grosvenor-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-crimeloc41" type="placeName" value="George street, Grosvenor-square"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-crimeloc41" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-off39 t18161030-9-crimeloc41"/>, about half past ten, on the night of the 5th of October, I was walking along; I was met by six or more of them; they were between boys and men; they knocked me down; they snatched my watch out of my pocket, and I catched it in my hand as I turned myself over. In getting up, I got it by the chain. One said to another,"b-gg-r your bl-dy eyes an't you got the thimble." I went to get hold of Career, and I still kept the watch in my possession. He got away, and then they all dismissed; they all ran away, I knew Carter before; I kept possession of the watch it was got, out of my fob, and I caught it as it was passing. I could not catch hold of him. I called the watch; I knew no others of the party; I never lost sight of Church hardly. I lost sight of him just for a moment, going round the corner; but that was all. I followed him up directly; it was just at the corner of Oxford-street where I lost sight of him; I kept running after him; I am sure he was the same I had seen before. I lost sight of him; but not for half a minute. He had run altogether about two hundred yards. He could not run above ten yards while out of my sight. He was running alone. They all separated themselves different ways. He was going alone. He stopped at a pump, and knocked the crown of his hat in, to drink, and then I and the watchman took him. Carter was also taken that night.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-9-person154"> JOHN NASH
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person154" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know nothing of this, only that Marsh called to me to take this man into custody. I did not see any thing of these men surrounding him. I came up directly, and took Church into custody. He was standing by the pump, and Marsh gave me charge of him. Marsh said he was one the persons. I never heard him say, what the prisoner Church has represented. I called another watchman to my assistance.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-9-person155"> WILLIAM GREGORY
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person155" type="surname" value="GREGORY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person155" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. When I came up, he desired me to take hold of Church. He charged him with knocking him down, and catching the watch out of his pocket.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-9-person156"> WILLIAM KERR
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person156" type="surname" value="KERR"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person156" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-9-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was constable of the night. I remember these two lads being brought into the watchhouse. I had them in my custody from Saturday, until Monday morning.</p>
<p>(Property produced and sworn to.)</p>
<p>Carter's Defence. I was coming down Oxford-street. We had been to the play, and I met a parcel of girls, and they shoved up against me, and I was taken into custody. I never saw the prosecutor to my knowledge before.</p>
<p>Church's Defence. I was a servant out of employ, and I had been for a place, and the gentleman asked me where I lived, and I told him; and he told me to call in about three days, and I went to know whether the character would answer, and he told me it would; and I said I would come on the Monday morning, but he said Monday night would do; and I then went and bought a two-penny loaf, and then I went up to the pump, and was going to drink, and the prosecutor and the watchman came up, and the prosecutor seized hold of me, and asked me if I was not in George-street, and I said no; and then he said take him, to the watchman, and I said I would let him know what right he had to be pulling me about; and with that he caught hold of me again and then two watchmen came up, and then the two watchmen and I went to the watchhouse; I had nothing to care for, for I will take an oath, I was not in George-street.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-9-verdict42" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-9-verdict42" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-9-punish43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-9-punish43" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-defend150 t18161030-9-punish43"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 18.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-9-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-9-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>-
<rs id="t18161030-9-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-9-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-9-defend148 t18161030-9-punish45"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 16.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10" type="year" value="1816"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-10-off46-c143" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-10-defend158 t18161030-10-off46 t18161030-10-verdict49"/>
<persName id="t18161030-10-defend158" type="defendantName"> JOHN ROUTLEGE
<interp inst="t18161030-10-defend158" type="surname" value="ROUTLEGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-defend158" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-defend158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-defend158" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-10-off46" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-10-off46" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-off46" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-10-cd47" type="crimeDate">27th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-10-off46 t18161030-10-cd47"/>, a piece
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300013"/>of floor-cloth, value 8l. the property of
<persName id="t18161030-10-victim160" type="victimName"> John Hare
<interp inst="t18161030-10-victim160" type="surname" value="Hare"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-victim160" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-victim160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-10-off46 t18161030-10-victim160"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-10-person161"> THOMAS BUTLER
<interp inst="t18161030-10-person161" type="surname" value="BUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-person161" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know the prisoner at the bar. On the 27th of September, I saw him in
<placeName id="t18161030-10-crimeloc48">Bond-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-crimeloc48" type="placeName" value="Bond-street"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-crimeloc48" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-10-off46 t18161030-10-crimeloc48"/>; I saw him go into Mr. Hare's shop, and take the floor-cloth, and put it on his shoulder; it was between six and seven o'clock in the evening; it was quite light. Then he came out of the shop with it. There was a person in the shop writing at a desk; that person could not have seen the prisoner come in, because his back was turned. When he came out, he fell down wiht it, by the weight of it; it was a very large roll. He was in the act of taking it up again; in the mean time, I went into the shop to acquaint the person of it; he came out, and we took the prisoner into custody; he was taken to Mary-le-bone watchhouse, and the cloth was taken away at the same time.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-10-person162"> EDWARD JONAS
<interp inst="t18161030-10-person162" type="surname" value="JONAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-person162" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-10-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in Bond street on the 27th of September, As I was coming up Bond-street, I saw the prisoner at the bar with his hand upon the oil-cloth; it stood on the curb-stone. With that the prisoner went into the shop of Mr. Hare; the old gentleman who had been writing took him in. with the assistance of the last witness. With that I picked up the oil-cloth, and took it into the shop.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-10-verdict49" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-10-verdict49" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-10-punish50" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-10-punish50" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-10-defend158 t18161030-10-punish50"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 19.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-11-off51-c148" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-11-defend166 t18161030-11-off51 t18161030-11-verdict57"/>
<persName id="t18161030-11-defend164" type="defendantName"> LYDIA PAGET
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<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend164" type="given" value="LYDIA"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend164" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18161030-11-defend166" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM PERRY
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend166" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend166" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend166" type="age" value="DEATH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-defend166" type="age" value="15"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-11-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-11-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18161030-11-victim168" type="victimName"> Jane Preston
<interp inst="t18161030-11-victim168" type="surname" value="Preston"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-victim168" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-victim168" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-11-off51 t18161030-11-victim168"/> </persName> , in the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t18161030-11-cd52" type="crimeDate">4th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-11-off51 t18161030-11-cd52"/>, for putting her in fear, and taking from her person and against her will, a shawl, value 1l. her property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-11-person169"> JANE PRESTON
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person169" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person169" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person169" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the evening in question, I had been to Covent Garden Theatre; I was returning in company with Mrs. Hill. In the narrow part of
<placeName id="t18161030-11-crimeloc53">Rathbone-place</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-crimeloc53" type="placeName" value="Rathbone-place"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-crimeloc53" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-11-off51 t18161030-11-crimeloc53"/>, I was suddenly without any provocation knocked down by the prisoner Paget, with her fist; she struck me on the face; while I was on the ground, I was severely kicked and bruised; I was stunned by the blow I received on my face; she took the shawl from my shoulders as I lay; I had it round my shoulders very close, and she pulled it to get it away; she did get it away at last. I was raised from the ground by the witness Mrs. Hill, with the assistance of
<persName id="t18161030-11-person170"> Jonas Parr
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person170" type="surname" value="Parr"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person170" type="given" value="Jonas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18161030-11-person171"> ANN HILL
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person171" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person171" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person171" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was with Miss Preston, on this night coming from the Play with her. We were returning by Rathbone-place, and met three females; the prisoner was the inside one; the prisoner came suddenly and shoved Miss Preston down, and knocked her down; she had no instrument in her hand; it was with her fist. She then seized her shawl, and with the force of pulling it from her shoulder, she fell back herself. When she got up she went a little distance, and gave it to another person; I don't know who that person was; she was in my sight. I called the watch; the watchman was nearly at my elbow sooner than I expected, and when the prisoner came back, she used abusive language, and asked did I think she had got the property. The watchman came up, and he took her. I saw a young man of the name of Parr; be crossed the road of Rathboneplace; he came to my assistance. I know nothing of the lad that is there.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-11-person172"> JONAS PARR
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person172" type="surname" value="PARR"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person172" type="given" value="JONAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am not acquainted with Paget; I am not acquainted with the
<rs id="t18161030-11-deflabel54" type="occupation">boy</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-11-defend166 t18161030-11-deflabel54"/> Perry either. I remember being on the 4th of October in Rathboneplace; I remember Miss Preston calling out for the watch; I think she did, but I am not certain; I heard some noise and out-cry. I saw Paget attempt to take the shawl from: Miss Preston. I saw the begining of it; I was on the opposite side of the way. I saw
<persName id="t18161030-11-person173"> Lydia Paget
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person173" type="surname" value="Paget"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person173" type="given" value="Lydia"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person173" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> strike her on the face, which knocked her down, and as I afterwards discovered. gave her a black eye. They both fell, and I picked the lady up. When Paget was up. I told her to go away, and she said as how she would not, for she would have her b-y life. She took the shawl, and went to the corner, and gave it to
<persName id="t18161030-11-person174"> William Perry
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person174" type="surname" value="Perry"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person174" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . She went about four doors down; he put it into his bosom, and went across the road, across Soho-square. I saw Perry at the time Paget gave this blow and knocked Miss Preston down; he was then standing still; there were other women in the concern beside Paget; there were two other women; they did not appear to take any part in the assault; they stood until the shawl was taken; they went away directly. I don't know either of them. I was in a public-house at first having a drop of beer to myself; I work at labouring work. whatever I can get to do. I did not know the ladies before.</p>
<p>Paget's Defence. I was very much in liquor; I had been drinking with
<persName id="t18161030-11-person175"> Jonas Parr
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person175" type="surname" value="Parr"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person175" type="given" value="Jonas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-11-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and he gave me the shawl, and shoved the lady down, and took her shawl off her neck, and gave it to the other lad Perry, who ran away with it.</p>
<p>Miss Hill. Re-examined. The boy Parr crossed the road from the other side to assist us.</p>
<p>-. I am the constable of the night. When Parr gave us information of Perry, we kept him all night, and we went in search of Perry the next morning, and found he had been taken for a misdemeanor the same morning. Parr swore to him.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-11-verdict55" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-11-verdict55" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-11-punish56" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-11-punish56" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-11-defend164 t18161030-11-punish56"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 17.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-11-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-11-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> - DEATH, aged 15.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-12">
<interp inst="t18161030-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-12-off58-c157" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-12-defend177 t18161030-12-off58 t18161030-12-verdict62"/>
<persName id="t18161030-12-defend177" type="defendantName"> DAVID HUTCHINSON
<interp inst="t18161030-12-defend177" type="surname" value="HUTCHINSON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-defend177" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-defend177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-defend177" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-12-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-12-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-12-cd59" type="crimeDate">22nd of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-12-off58 t18161030-12-cd59"/>, a heiffer, value 10l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18161030-12-victim179" type="victimName"> John Walkden
<interp inst="t18161030-12-victim179" type="surname" value="Walkden"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-victim179" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-victim179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-12-off58 t18161030-12-victim179"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18161030-12-person180"> JOHN WALKDEN
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person180" type="surname" value="WALKDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person180" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t18161030-12-viclabel60" type="occupation">collect beast to drive them to London</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-12-victim179 t18161030-12-viclabel60"/>. On the 22nd of September, I had driven some up; I came with them myself; there were from thirty to fifty. I marked them on the Sunday. I gave them to
<persName id="t18161030-12-person181"> William Nicholls
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person181" type="surname" value="Nicholls"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person181" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . the Smithfield drover; I gave them all into his charge; he was to bring them into market to sell them. I went there the next morning, and missed this heiffer.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-12-person182"> WILLIAM NICHOLLS
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person182" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person182" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a Smithfield drover. I received some beast on the 22nd of September, I received thirty-three from the last witness; they were not all marked the same way; but all had got H; there was a pole heiffer with B on the off rump and H on the off tutt. I brought thirty-three to
<placeName id="t18161030-12-crimeloc61">Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Smithfield"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-12-off58 t18161030-12-crimeloc61"/> on the Sunday night, at about ten o'clock;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300014"/>I missed one; it was the pole heiffer marked with the B; that was one of those which on Sunday, I had received from the prosecutor. I know something of the prisoner. In consequence of missing this, I searched all day on Monday, to no effect. I heard of it the next morning; I was at Smithfield, and a man said, he had found one, and found the man that was along with it. This person told me where she was, at a butcher's shop, in Westminster, named Stent. I went there; there I found the hide of the heiffer I had lost; it was marked, and the same colour. The prisoner was not there. Upon this, I went to the office at Queen-square, and I made an affidavit that that was the hide of the heiffer I lost.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-12-person183"> JOSEPH HURST
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person183" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person183" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-12-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 21st of September last, I met the prisoner; he asked me if I thought that my master would consent for him to kill some beasts at my master's slaughter-house; I told him I did not know, but he had better go and ask him; he said he would. I remember a beast being brought; the prisoner brought a heiffer; I observed the mark on it H B; I helped him to tie it up in the slaughter-house, and we locked the doors, and went away. In about two hours after, I went, and saw the prisoner at work on it by himself.</p>
<p>(Hide produced and sworn to.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. My Lord and Gentlemen of the Jury, I am charged with stealing a heiffer out of Smithfield-market, and I trust I shall be able to prove my innocence. I met a butcher that I knew perfectly well, and he asked me if I had any thing to do, and I was telling him that I had not, and he asked me if I could kill a heiffer for him, and I told him I could not give him a positive answer then, but I would go to Mr. Stent and ask him if he would let me kill it in his slaughter-house, and I met the young man, and asked him, and he told me that it was half-a-crown for killing it there; and I went to the butcher, and told him that I had seen Mr. Stent's young man, and he said it was half-a-crown for killing it there; he said very well, that would do, and he gave me a glass of liquor; he told me he had twenty-five altogether, and I should have the killing of them all. He then left me, and I went to Mr. Stent, and he told me I might go to his place, and kill it directly, then Mr. Stent's boy came, and helped me to drive her in, and tie her up in the slaughter-house, and then I came back and killed her, and when I came to take her to market, I was taken into custody.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-12-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-12-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-12-punish63" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-12-punish63" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-12-defend177 t18161030-12-punish63"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 19.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-13">
<interp inst="t18161030-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-13-off64-c163" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-13-defend185 t18161030-13-off64 t18161030-13-verdict68"/>
<persName id="t18161030-13-defend185" type="defendantName"> JOHN WESTON
<interp inst="t18161030-13-defend185" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-defend185" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-defend185" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-defend185" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-13-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-13-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-13-cd65" type="crimeDate">18th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-13-off64 t18161030-13-cd65"/>, a silver watch, chain and seals, value 40s. and upwards, the property of
<persName id="t18161030-13-victim187" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Harris
<interp inst="t18161030-13-victim187" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-victim187" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-victim187" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-13-off64 t18161030-13-victim187"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18161030-13-person188"> William Balfour
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person188" type="surname" value="Balfour"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person188" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-13-person189"> ELIZABETH HARRIS
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person189" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person189" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person189" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was
<rs id="t18161030-13-viclabel66" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-13-victim187 t18161030-13-viclabel66"/> in Mr. Balfour's family. I am not now. I now live at No. 13, George-street, Foley Place. On Tuesday evening last, I left Mr. Balfour's; I had only lived there six weeks. Mr. Balfour lives at No. 26,
<placeName id="t18161030-13-crimeloc67">Wilpole-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-crimeloc67" type="placeName" value="Wilpole-street"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-crimeloc67" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-13-off64 t18161030-13-crimeloc67"/>; I know the prisoner at the bar; I remember his coming to Mr. Balfour's house; he first came with the stewart of the West-Indiaman. I saw him twice after that. At one time he slept in the house; on the the 18th of October. Mr. Greenfield had told me that he was his brother; the way he came to sleep there was; that he had a long way to go home, and he should be glad of a bed. He slept in the attic story; I slept in the next room; I put my watch under my head when I went to bed. I rose the next morning, at half past seven o'clock; I looked at my watch to see what time it was, and I put it back under the bolster. The prisoner had no opportunity of seeing it there. The watch was concealed under the bolster, but the seal, key, and ribbon were not; any person coming into the room might see them; then I got up, I went down stairs, and I did not see the prisoner until a quarter past eight o'clock. when I was sweeping the drawing-room stairs. He said he thought it was very late; he went out of the house without his hat, and I went up stairs afterwards, is consequence of the manner in which he went out. I went up stairs in search of my watch, and it was gone. I am sure I had seen it at half past seven o'clock. The prisoner had not been in my room to my knowledge.</p>
<p>- BROWN. I am an officer belonging to Shadwell. I took the prisoner into custody; I found on him the duplicate of a watch, pawned for one pound ten shillings, and I found a purse with five pounds six shillings in money in it.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-13-person190"> GEORGE GILES
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person190" type="surname" value="GILES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person190" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-13-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am shopman to Mr. Dunbar, a pawnbroker, in Skinner-street, Sommer's Town. On the 19th of October, I received a silver watch in pledge from the prisoner, and a gold seal; they were pawned for one pound ten shillings.</p>
<p>(Property produced and sworn to.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I went to Mr. Balfour's on the day in the indictment, and I knocked at the gate, and I said I wished to see Richard, the black servant, and the other servant said he had gone out at the front door, and I asked him how he did; and he introduced me into the kitchen, and I asked him what o'clock it was, and he took out his watch and gave it me, and said "look, and you will see;" and he went and left me with the watch in my hand; and he came again in about half an hour; and in a short time this young woman came and sat down to supper, and they pressed me to stay and take a bed, and she said it must be aired, and we went up stairs, and she said about a quarter of an hour with me. In the morning I rose, and I thought it was between ten and eleven o'clock; it was so light, and I saw this watch, and I took it, and she told me to go down stairs and get my hat, and not finding it, I went through the kitchen, the way I came.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-13-verdict68" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-13-verdict68" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-13-punish69" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-13-punish69" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-13-defend185 t18161030-13-punish69"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 18.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-14">
<interp inst="t18161030-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-14-off70-c168" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-14-defend192 t18161030-14-off70 t18161030-14-verdict74"/>
<persName id="t18161030-14-defend192" type="defendantName"> RICHARD CASEY
<interp inst="t18161030-14-defend192" type="surname" value="CASEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-defend192" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-defend192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-defend192" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-14-off70" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-14-off70" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-off70" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18161030-14-victim194" type="victimName"> John Black
<interp inst="t18161030-14-victim194" type="surname" value="Black"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-victim194" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-victim194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-14-off70 t18161030-14-victim194"/> </persName> , about the hour of eight o'clock in the night, of the
<rs id="t18161030-14-cd71" type="crimeDate">24th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-14-off70 t18161030-14-cd71"/>, with intent to steal, and for burglariously stealing therein, a watch, chain, and seal, value 30s. and upwards, his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-14-person195"> MARY BLACK
<interp inst="t18161030-14-person195" type="surname" value="BLACK"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-person195" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-person195" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband's name is John. I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300015"/>live at No. 23,
<placeName id="t18161030-14-crimeloc72">Cow Cross-street, by Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-crimeloc72" type="placeName" value="Cow Cross-street, by Smithfield"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-crimeloc72" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-14-off70 t18161030-14-crimeloc72"/>. We
<rs id="t18161030-14-viclabel73" type="occupation">keep a baker's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-14-victim194 t18161030-14-viclabel73"/>; at the back of that baker's shop, I have a parlour. About eight o'clock at night, on the 24th of September, I was at home. I went up stairs; I think it was rather past eight o'clock. There was a light in the shop; I had lit a large lamp for about three hours at that time, and I lighted it as soon as it was dark. It was quite dark at the time I am speaking of. Before I went up stairs, I had shut the shop door myself; I had shut it upon the latch; it leads into the street. Before I went up stairs, I left my watch in the little parlour; it had a gold chain; it was hanging on one side of the waistcoat. It hung in a corner where any one who came into the shop could see it. When I came down stairs, I wanted to look what it was o'clock, and I missed my watch; I am quite sure it had been hanging in the place where it had usually hung, when I went up stairs. I let nobody in the shop. There was nobody in the parlour but myself. I pereceived that my watch was gone. I looked at the door, but could see nobody. I found it standing half open. I was quite sure it was on the latch before I went up stairs. I thought the least of its being open. I remember perfectly well it was so. I did not miss my watch until after I had perceived the door was open. I am quite clear I had shut it myself. I sent to one of the Hatton Garden officers that evening. I did not see my watch until the morning following; I then saw the watch, chain, and seal, all together.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-14-person196"> PETER MUNN
<interp inst="t18161030-14-person196" type="surname" value="MUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-person196" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-14-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Between three and four o'clock, on the morning of the 25th, before day-break, I went into a house in Newgate Market. I found the prisoner at the bar, and two others, in that house. They had been drinking, but were not drinking then. I knew them all three to be suspicious characters. I knew them all. I took hold of the prisoner, and asked him if he had any thing about him; he said, "no, he had nothing." I had not heard at that time of Mrs. Black having been robbed. Upon his saying he had nothing, I began to search him. I found nothing, either in his hat or pockets; but when I came to search him rather close, I found the watch, chain, and seal on him, in his breeches, close to his knee, in his pantaloons. He would neither give an account of it, nor the maker's name, nor the number of it. I asked him where he got it; he said, "he met a strange man in Long-lane, who gave it him, and he did not know the man, and should not know him again. I took him into custody, and the others also. They were discharged. I have had the watch ever since. I am perfectly clear that is the watch which was taken from the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>(Property produced and sworn to.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I was coming from Fleet-market, I saw a young man running very quick, and he threw the watch at me, and said, "here Jack," and I shewed it to some people.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-14-verdict74" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-14-verdict74" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>-
<rs id="t18161030-14-punish75" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-14-punish75" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-14-defend192 t18161030-14-punish75"/> DEATH </rs>. aged 18.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-15">
<interp inst="t18161030-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15" type="year" value="1816"/>
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<interp inst="t18161030-15" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-15-off76-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-defend198 t18161030-15-off76 t18161030-15-verdict81"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-15-off76-c173" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-defend200 t18161030-15-off76 t18161030-15-verdict83"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-15-off78-c175" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-defend204 t18161030-15-off78 t18161030-15-verdict84"/>
<persName id="t18161030-15-defend198" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM MANSFIELD
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend198" type="surname" value="MANSFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend198" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend198" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend198" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> &
<persName id="t18161030-15-defend200" type="defendantName"> JOHN CLARKE
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend200" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend200" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-15-off76" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-15-off76" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-off76" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18161030-15-victim202" type="victimName"> Thomas Davison
<interp inst="t18161030-15-victim202" type="surname" value="Davison"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-victim202" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-victim202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , about the hour of ten in the forenoon of the
<rs id="t18161030-15-cd77" type="crimeDate">6th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-off76 t18161030-15-cd77"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-off78 t18161030-15-cd77"/> no person in the said dwelling-house then being, and felniously stealing therein, a salt spoon, value 3s. and a tea spoon, value 4s. his property </rs>; and
<persName id="t18161030-15-defend204" type="defendantName"> MARY AUCKLAND
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend204" type="surname" value="AUCKLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend204" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-defend204" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-15-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-15-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-15-person205"> MARY REETS
<interp inst="t18161030-15-person205" type="surname" value="REETS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-person205" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-person205" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Davison, as servant; he lives at No. 7, in the
<placeName id="t18161030-15-crimeloc79">Kingsland-road in the parish of St. John of Hackney</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-crimeloc79" type="placeName" value="Kingsland-road in the parish of St. John of Hackney"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-15-crimeloc79" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-off76 t18161030-15-crimeloc79"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-off78 t18161030-15-crimeloc79"/>. I have lived with him five months as his servant; he lives by himself; he is a
<rs id="t18161030-15-viclabel80" type="occupation">merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-victim202 t18161030-15-viclabel80"/>. About ten o'clock in the morning named in the indictment, I went out for about five minutes, on my return I opened the gate the prisoner came up the area steps, and offered me bundle of wood; I saw one of our spoons in his hand I called to someone, and he ran a way, and some young man went after him; he had been in the habit of coming to the house with wood; we had some from him on Friday and Saturday before; I shut the door before I went out; I found it wide open on my return. I saw the prisoner come up the area steps. On examing the things I missed a silver salt spoon and tea spoon. That was all.</p>
<p>- RUTHERFORD. I am headbourough of Hackney parish, I received charge of Clark, and I saw Mansfield in Crooked Billet-gardens, between ten and eleven, and took him, and searched Mansfield's lodgings.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-15-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-15-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-15-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-15-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-15-defend198 t18161030-15-punish82"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 19.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-15-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-15-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-15-verdict84" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-15-verdict84" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16" type="year" value="1816"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-16-off85-c178" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-defend209 t18161030-16-off85 t18161030-16-verdict89"/>
<persName id="t18161030-16-defend207" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SEAWOOD
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend207" type="surname" value="SEAWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend207" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend207" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18161030-16-defend209" type="defendantName"> JOHN LATHAM
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend209" type="surname" value="LATHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-defend209" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-16-off85" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-16-off85" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-off85" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18161030-16-victim211" type="victimName"> William Brooks
<interp inst="t18161030-16-victim211" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-victim211" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-victim211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-off85 t18161030-16-victim211"/> </persName> , in the King's Highway, for putting him in fear, and taking from his person and against his will, a silver watch, his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-16-person212"> WILLIAM BROOKS
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person212" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person212" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<rs id="t18161030-16-viclabel86" type="occupation">cellar-man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-victim211 t18161030-16-viclabel86"/> to Mr. Beamer, a wine merchant, in Middle-row Holborn. On the
<rs id="t18161030-16-cd87" type="crimeDate">28th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-off85 t18161030-16-cd87"/> last, I had occasion to go to Hertford for my master; I returned by the Hertford coach in the evening to the Saracen's Head, Snow Hill, about ten minutes before eight. I walked all on the near side of
<placeName id="t18161030-16-crimeloc88">Holborn Hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-crimeloc88" type="placeName" value="Holborn Hill"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-crimeloc88" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-off85 t18161030-16-crimeloc88"/> until I came near Gray's-inn-lane, and as I was crossing the other side of the way, I was seized with one hand by laying hold of this umbrella; it was about eight within a minute or two, one way or the other; a hand laid hold of this umbrella. The person tried to wrest it out of my hand. When he could not do that very easily, I turned round and he seized my coat, still holding the umbrella; immediately then I was seized on the other side by some one else hold the other arm; then a third one came and took my watch out of my pocket, which third one is one of the prisoners at the bar I saw the man's hand and the face of that man. I was held on each side. I immediately made a hue and cry; the person then ran. The man who took the watch was one of the prisoner's and the right hand man was the other; but I could not swear to the third man. I knew two of men who fled and I represented them before ever I saw them afterwards.
<persName id="t18161030-16-person213"> John Latham
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person213" type="surname" value="Latham"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person213" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the tall one held me, and the other robbed me. I should have got the tall one taken that
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300016"/>night bad not eight or ten men come and stopped me in my progress; and there were two coaches began to gallop down as fast ever they could, and dround the noise. These other eight or ten came, pretending to render me assistence; and the men who were about me pursued for some time, and I believe them to have been accomplices; we did not overtake the prisoners. If I had a doubt in my mind of the prisoners person, as I am an advocate for liberty, I should be sorry to take away the liberty of any of his Majesty's subjects, and I am sorry to say that I have no doubt. I naturally went to my master the next day, and he advised me to go to Bow-street. In consequence of that I sent my son to Bow-street early on Monday morning to state the circumstances of the case; and an officer came to me on my master's premises; he took me to several houses; I went into two or three, and did not see them; at last he took me into the Castle, I think, in Tothill-street, Gray's-inn-lane. The first person I saw was Latham; I saw the other prisoner some time after; I pointed each of them out to the officer, and they were taken in charge to Bow-street.</p>
<p>Prisoner Latham. Had I these cloths on - A. No; he had a large, darkish loose coat on.</p>
<p>Prisoner Seawood. Am I now in the same dress as I was on the Saturday that you describe I was robbing of you - A. No he is not.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-16-person214"> JEREMIAH MAIDMENT
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person214" type="surname" value="MAIDMENT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person214" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer. On the Monday morning the prosecutor's son came to me, and in consequence of that, I went down to him at his master's premises. I asked him if he would know the persons who robbed him if he saw them again; he said he would. I told him I would take him to different houses which character's of that sort used. I took him to two or three. He looked about the tap rooms of several of them, and did not see any one he knew; at last I took him to the Castle in Tothill street, little Gray's-inn-lane; I did not tell him what sort of a house it was before he went in; but pointing to Latham he said that is one that seized my umbrella. Then he looked over the settle to another part of the tap-room, and pointed out Seawood. I asked him if there was any one else he knew; and he said, no. I asked him if he was positive those were the people, and he said, yes. I took them into custody, and searched them, and there was nothing about them. They made no resistance, any father then saying that they knew nothing of it.</p>
<p>Latham's Defence. On the Saturday evening about eight o'clock, I was in the Castle, I went into the Castle about half past six, and I saw
<persName id="t18161030-16-person215"> William Seawood
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person215" type="surname" value="Seawood"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person215" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lying intoxicated on a seat, and in about half an hour he fell off the seal, and I stopped there until nine o'clock, and then a young fellow of the name of
<persName id="t18161030-16-person216"> George Hutt
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person216" type="surname" value="Hutt"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person216" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said he was going to supper, and I went with him as far as Portpool-lane, and then I went to my sister; there I supped with her, and returned back between nine and ten, and there I saw William Seawood in the same state; and the landlord came in; and said I think this man has had a good sleep, and we will move him up.</p>
<p>Seawood Defence I went into the Castle about six o'clock, and I asked for something to drink; and I laid my head on the tap-room table, and there I laid untill between ten and eleven.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-16-person217"> WILLIAM ELINGTON
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person217" type="surname" value="ELINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person217" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Saturday the 28th of September, between five and six o'clock in the evening, Seawood came into the Castle public-house, quite drunk; he went and sat down by the fire, and then lay down. He had not laid there long before he rolled off on the floor. I picked him up and replaced him on the seat again; he then fell off the second time, and crawled and the bench. There he lay until nine o'clock, at which time I left him. I am a waiter at this house; I left him lying under the bench at nine o'clock. The prisoner Latham came in between six and seven, and remained there until about a quarter to nine, at which time he went out. There were near twelve people in this place. I was obliged to run in and out at different times, and I can't exactly say the number that was there. I don't know what time Latham returned; I don't notice; I was out until the house was cleared; I went out at about nine o'clock to my sisters. I had leave to go out; there was a person in that house under the sheriff; when I returned at a little after eleven they were all in bed.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-16-person218"> GEORGE HUNT
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person218" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person218" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an optician's turner. On Saturday evening, the 28th of September. I went to the Castle public-house, in Tothill-street, to have a pint of beer, at about half past six, or a quarter to seven o'clock. I had a pint of beer; I saw the two prisoners in the room; the prisoner Seawood was on the floor under the bench, apparently drunk; he appeared to be so, for I spoke to him and he could not answer; I saw Latham in the room; I staid there until about a quarter before nine, and I went out with Latham. I went to Embling's sheep-head shop, in Leather-lane. There were about six or seven persons in the room; there might be about ten in the. house alltogether. I left Latham at the end of Portpool-lane, and I went back to the Castle, with my sheeps'-head, to eat it; I was not above a quarter of an hour gone alltogether; about half past ten o'clock, the prisoner Latham came in again.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-16-person219"> RICHARD HATTON
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person219" type="surname" value="HATTON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person219" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a hatter. On the Saturday evening, which was the day before Michaelmas day, at about twenty minutes, or half past seven I went into the Castle, in Tothill-street, I called for a pint of porter and a pipe of tobacco; I sat down on the bench, and the shorter prisoner lay underneath on the floor. The tall prisoner, Latham, sat in a box along with two men, on the left hand side as I went in. I staid there until about twenty minutes before ten; the shorter prisoner never attempted, nor ever moved whatever that I know of; Latham went out I think about twenty minutes, or half an hour before nine o'clock, I staid until twenty minutes before ten o'clock, and I saw no more of them that night.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-16-person220"> William Brooks
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person220" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person220" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-16-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Re-examined. I again look at the prisoners. I had plenty of light at the time of the robbery from the moon, and the gas lights, and I can swear to them.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-16-verdict89" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-16-verdict89" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-16-punish90" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-16-punish90" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-defend209 t18161030-16-punish90"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 25.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-16-verdict91" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-16-verdict91" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-16-punish92" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-16-punish92" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-16-defend207 t18161030-16-punish92"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 18.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300017"/>1114.
<persName id="t18161030-17-defend222" type="defendantName"> ROBERT MEYRICK
<interp inst="t18161030-17-defend222" type="surname" value="MEYRICK"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-defend222" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-defend222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was
<rs id="t18161030-17-off93" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-17-off93" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-off93" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> indicted for a fraud on the
<persName id="t18161030-17-victim223" type="victimName">
<rs id="t18161030-17-viclabel94" type="occupation">Stamp Office</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-17-victim223 t18161030-17-viclabel94"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-victim223" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-17-off93 t18161030-17-victim223"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person224"> WILLIAM HENNELL CLEMENT
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person224" type="surname" value="HENNELL CLEMENT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person224" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the Proprietor of the Observer Sunday Newspaper. The prisoner was in my employment. On the 22nd of September this Newspaper was brought to me, by a deputation of the pressmen.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person225"> GEORGE GOODYERE
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person225" type="surname" value="GOODYERE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person225" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am deputy publisher of the Observer Newspaper. The prisoner's office was to count out the papers. I myself take the blank paper to the
<placeName id="t18161030-17-crimeloc95">Stamp Office</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-crimeloc95" type="placeName" value="Stamp Office"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-crimeloc95" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-17-off93 t18161030-17-crimeloc95"/> to be stamped. I paid the duty then; the next day I sent the prisoner for them. I believe he brought me back the same numbers, but we don't count them. I then deliver them out to him in quantities to be wetted, and he finishes wetting on the Saturday morning. It is then put up in a cupboard in the press-room, and he locks that cupboard himself. Then when the pressmen begin to print, the two first come to me for the key. The printing goes on with great velocity. The first and last page are first printed at one press, then the third page is printed at another press, and the last page is kept open for the latest intelligence. The prisoner is then employed to count the paper out at the presses, and bring them down to me. Then it is delivered to the different Newsmen who come for it, and I count them out to see that the number agrees with the number that was brought from the Stamp Office. When the paper comes from the Stamp Office it would be smooth, it would not have the appearance of being folded up in a pocket. When it is so counted it is distributed among the Newsmen, The prisoner used sometimes to take out newspapers for Mr. Clements on account of the Office. He would get sixpence for them each when selling them for Mr. Clements, and they would be retailed afterwards at sevenpence, and the penny would be the profit of the retailer. It was not known that he sold papers on his own account; it was not his duty. He had to go a particular round, which was from the Observer Office, along the Strand to Charing Cross: Drury-lane was not in his ward. He lived in Drury-lane.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person226"> WILLIAM STEVENS
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person226" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person226" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am one of the pressmen of the Observer newspaper. On the 22nd of September I observed that this sheet had a stamp inlaid. The regular course is for the stamp to be printed on the paper itself. That occasioned in me some suspicion that all was not right. The manner in which we conduct our business is, after the outside sheets are composed, the printers go to the closet where the paper is deposited, and take the stamped paper out as they want it. It is made up into parcels of 250, that is, a sheet is turned down after every 250, which projects. They are delivered to Meyrick, who takes them away when they are finished. He counts them into quires, and delivers them to the publisher. The customers take them away by quires. The pressman has no check against the person who wets. He might put two or three more into every 250. The printer goes printing on as he finds the paper, and does not count. The fly boys have also access to the place where the paper is deposited. I believe it has been the practice to repair sheets at our office when a sheet is spoiled, by taking the stamp from the spoiled sheet and putting it on another sheet.</p>
<p>Q. But you could not pick up any stamp in the Observer printing room, except an Observer stamp. For instance, you could not pick up a Morning Chronicle stamp? - A. No, not unless it was brought in with some refreshment.</p>
<p>Q. The stamp on the paper you hold in your hand is not an Observer stamp? - A. No; it has been used before, and there is the tyye of another newspaper on it.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person227"> JOHN BENSON
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person227" type="surname" value="BENSON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person227" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am one of the pressmen of the Observer newspaper. This witness corroborated the testimony of the last.</p>
<p>- AYLESWORTH. I am a pressman belonging to the Observer. I asked the prisoner to whom the pasted stamped newspapers belonged? to which he made no reply.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person228"> GEORGE WYNNE
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person228" type="surname" value="WYNNE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person228" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am in the office of the Solicitor for the Stamp Office. I saw the prisoner. We had before applied to Bow-street, and procured a warrant for his apprehension. He came to the Stamp Office and surrendered himself voluntarily. I then shewed him the newspapers with the stamps pasted on them. I asked him how he came to have done it? He told me that he certainly did do it, but not with any fraudulent intention. I asked him what he meant by fraudulent intention? for it appeared that one stamp had been torn from a Morning Chronicle, and another from some other paper; consequently the revenue must be defrauded of the duty in those two papers. He said he could explain it in no other way, than that he had received a certain number of stamped sheets from the deputy publisher to wet down for the printers, and after those sheets were printed he was responsible to the deputy publisher for a like number. That in the course of printing off the newspaper a number of copies would be spoilt, and in that case he was required to tear off the stamp, and paste it in an unstamped sheet: and knowing that he was responsible to the deputy publisher for the number of sheets he had before received from him, he would look on the floor of the printing office for stamps which had been torn off spoiled sheets by the pressmen, which he would pick up and paste on unstamped sheets, and the stamps in question must have been stamps which he had so found on the floor, but he could not tell how they came there.</p>
<p>Mr. LAMBERT, printer of the Morning Chronicle, proved that the transposed stamps had been on a sheet on which the Morning Chronicle of the 21st of September was printed.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person229"> WILLIAM CAPPEL
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person229" type="surname" value="CAPPEL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person229" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I am Secretary to the Board of Stamps. I look at the stamp which has been transposed. It is a genuine stamp for the Morning Chronicle for fourpence; but there is no appearance of discount marked on it, therefore that would not be applicable to a paper. selling at seven-pence, and to which there is 20 per cent. discount allowed.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-17-person230"> JOHN ALDIS
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person230" type="surname" value="ALDIS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person230" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-17-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the Duke of Wellington public-house in Drury-lane. The prisoner lodged with me, and used to supply me with the Observer
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300018"/>newspaper on a Sunday, and I used to allow him for it out of his rent.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. Whatever I have done I have done in the office, and never did any thing for myself.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-17-verdict96" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-17-verdict96" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-18-off97-c198" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-18-defend232 t18161030-18-off97 t18161030-18-verdict100"/>
<persName id="t18161030-18-defend232" type="defendantName"> JOHN CLAY
<interp inst="t18161030-18-defend232" type="surname" value="CLAY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-defend232" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-defend232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was
<rs id="t18161030-18-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-18-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> indicted for putting his hand into the pocket of
<persName id="t18161030-18-victim234" type="victimName"> George Anthony Good
<interp inst="t18161030-18-victim234" type="surname" value="Good"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-victim234" type="given" value="George Anthony"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-victim234" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-18-off97 t18161030-18-victim234"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t18161030-18-cd98" type="crimeDate">27th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-18-off97 t18161030-18-cd98"/>, with intent the goods and chattels in the said pocket then being feloniously to steal </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-18-person235"> GEORGE ANTHONY GOOD
<interp inst="t18161030-18-person235" type="surname" value="ANTHONY GOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-person235" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the day in the indictment I saw the prisoner at the bar, at the crossing of
<placeName id="t18161030-18-crimeloc99">Bow church-yard</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-crimeloc99" type="placeName" value="Bow church-yard"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-crimeloc99" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-18-off97 t18161030-18-crimeloc99"/>. I felt something at my pocket. I turned round immediately, and saw the prisoner in the act of drawing my pocket handkerchief from my pocket. I said, "you rascal, you have attempted to pick my pocket." I did not apprehend him then; but I followed him down Little St. Thomas Apostle's. There I knew the residence of a constable. At that constable's door I apprehended him and gave him in charge. He had not thoroughly taken the handkerchief out.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-18-person236"> JAMES GIBBS
<interp inst="t18161030-18-person236" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-person236" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-18-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I apprehended the prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-18-verdict100" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-18-verdict100" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-19-off101-c202" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-19-defend238 t18161030-19-off101 t18161030-19-verdict102"/>
<persName id="t18161030-19-defend238" type="defendantName"> MARY LACY
<interp inst="t18161030-19-defend238" type="surname" value="LACY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19-defend238" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19-defend238" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-19-off101" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-19-off101" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19-off101" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> uttering a false, forged, and counterfeit sixpence </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-19-verdict102" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-19-verdict102" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19-verdict102" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-19-punish103" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-19-punish103" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-19-defend238 t18161030-19-punish103"/> Confined six months </rs>, and
<rs id="t18161030-19-punish104" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-19-punish104" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-19-punish104" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-19-defend238 t18161030-19-punish104"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-20-off105-c203" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-20-defend240 t18161030-20-off105 t18161030-20-verdict108"/>
<persName id="t18161030-20-defend240" type="defendantName"> HENRY MONK
<interp inst="t18161030-20-defend240" type="surname" value="MONK"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-defend240" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-defend240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-20-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-20-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-20-cd106" type="crimeDate">26th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-20-off105 t18161030-20-cd106"/>, two sacks, value 4s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18161030-20-victim242" type="victimName"> John Piggott
<interp inst="t18161030-20-victim242" type="surname" value="Piggott"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-victim242" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-victim242" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-20-off105 t18161030-20-victim242"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18161030-20-person243"> THOMAS PARRY
<interp inst="t18161030-20-person243" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-person243" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I stopped the prisoner with these sacks on the 26th of October, about twenty minutes before seven. He had four, and two were claimed by Mr. Bennett, of Russel-street, Convent Garden. Mr. Piggott claims the other two.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-20-person244"> JOHN PIGGOTT
<interp inst="t18161030-20-person244" type="surname" value="PIGGOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-person244" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-20-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18161030-20-viclabel107" type="occupation">Salesman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-20-victim242 t18161030-20-viclabel107"/>, I look at these two sacks. I have no doubt they have been mine; but I have an immense quantity which I lend to my customers: but I have no idea where these were stolen from.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-20-verdict108" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-20-verdict108" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-21-off109-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-21-defend246 t18161030-21-off109 t18161030-21-verdict112"/>
<persName id="t18161030-21-defend246" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM LEE
<interp inst="t18161030-21-defend246" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-defend246" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-defend246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-21-off109" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-21-off109" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-off109" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-21-cd110" type="crimeDate">10th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-21-off109 t18161030-21-cd110"/>, a piece of silk, value 171 the property of
<persName id="t18161030-21-victim248" type="victimName"> James Vernell
<interp inst="t18161030-21-victim248" type="surname" value="Vernell"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-victim248" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-victim248" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-21-off109 t18161030-21-victim248"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-21-person249"> JAMES VERNELL
<interp inst="t18161030-21-person249" type="surname" value="VERNELL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-person249" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t18161030-21-crimeloc111">Fore-street, in the Old Artillery Ground</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-crimeloc111" type="placeName" value="Fore-street, in the Old Artillery Ground"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-crimeloc111" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-21-off109 t18161030-21-crimeloc111"/>. I only know a preceding fact to the robbery, which is, that at the latter end of August, or beginning of September last, the prisoner came into my shop, and enquired for a person of the name of Brown. I told him I had no such person in my employ. That is all I know.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-21-person250"> JOHN BARCLAY
<interp inst="t18161030-21-person250" type="surname" value="BARCLAY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-person250" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-21-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know the person of the man at the bar. On the 10th of September last he came into Mr. Vernell's warehouse, and asked me if Mr. Vernell was at home. I told him he was not. There was a piece of Mazarene sarsnet and a piece of drab lustring on the counter. They were within his reach. He told me to look into the back warehouse, and look for the name of Brown. I went into the back warehouse, and just turned over a leaf or two of the weaver's book, and came back again. I am sure it was the name of Brown he made use of. I then returned to the front warehouse again. The prisoner was still there. I told him I could find no such name. He said yes, he was sure there was, and I must go and look again. I went again, for I thought it was of consequence. He appeared respectably dressed. I was not gone the second time more than ten minutes at farthest. I could see no such name. I then returned, and the prisoner was gone. The lustring was there still, but the sarsnet gone. There were sixty-seven yards of it. I ran out of doors directly, but could not see the prisoner. I am quite sure he is the man.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. My Lord, all the defence I have got to make is to say that I am as innocent as a new born baby.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-21-verdict112" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-21-verdict112" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22" type="year" value="1816"/>
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<interp inst="t18161030-22" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-22-off113-c211" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-22-defend252 t18161030-22-off113 t18161030-22-verdict116"/>
<persName id="t18161030-22-defend252" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM LEE
<interp inst="t18161030-22-defend252" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-defend252" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-defend252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was again
<rs id="t18161030-22-off113" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-22-off113" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-off113" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> indicted for a like offence </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-22-person253"> JAMES ALLAN
<interp inst="t18161030-22-person253" type="surname" value="ALLAN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-person253" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am in the employ of Mr.
<persName id="t18161030-22-victim255" type="victimName"> John Weaver
<interp inst="t18161030-22-victim255" type="surname" value="Weaver"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-victim255" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-victim255" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-22-off113 t18161030-22-victim255"/> </persName> . He is a
<rs id="t18161030-22-viclabel114" type="occupation">silk manufacturer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-22-victim255 t18161030-22-viclabel114"/>, and lives in
<placeName id="t18161030-22-crimeloc115">Chapel Yard, Christchurch, Middlesex</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-crimeloc115" type="placeName" value="Chapel Yard, Christchurch, Middlesex"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-22-crimeloc115" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-22-off113 t18161030-22-crimeloc115"/>. The prisoner came into my master's warehouse, and enquired for a strange name, and asked me if we manufactured figured sarsnets. I told him, no, that we only manufactured plain goods. He then asked to see a piece. I put a piece on the counter before him, and he asked what was the net price of it, as he was going into the country, and he would pay money for it. I went to the desk to see what was the net price; that was about three yards from me; and he walked over to the press where the goods were kept. That was opposite the counter, and he remarked what long lengths they were; and he said he had got a friend waiting at the door, and he would go and ask him to come up. He then left the warehouse, but did not return. I was not alarmed. It was four or five minutes before I suspected any thing. We had only one piece of sarsnet in the house. I do not know when I had seen it before, but I know I did not sell it. I did not look for that, as there was only one piece, and I did not miss any of the others. I did not miss that plain piece until two or three days afterwards. I cannot swear it was taken that day. I have never seen it again.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-22-verdict116" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-22-verdict116" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-23" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-23-off117-c214" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-23-defend257 t18161030-23-off117 t18161030-23-verdict120"/>
<persName id="t18161030-23-defend257" type="defendantName"> JAMES LUKE
<interp inst="t18161030-23-defend257" type="surname" value="LUKE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-defend257" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-defend257" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-defend257" type="age" value="33"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-23-off117" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-23-off117" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-off117" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18161030-23-victim259" type="victimName"> Jonathan Tatnell
<interp inst="t18161030-23-victim259" type="surname" value="Tatnell"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-victim259" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-victim259" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-23-off117 t18161030-23-victim259"/> </persName> , about the hour of nine in the night of the
<rs id="t18161030-23-cd118" type="crimeDate">31st of August</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-23-off117 t18161030-23-cd118"/>, and for burglariously stealing therein fourteen pairs of breeches, value 5l. two round frocks, value 15s. and one pair of trowsers, value 4s. his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-23-person260"> ELIZABETH TATNETL
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person260" type="surname" value="TATNETL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person260" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 31st of August
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300019"/>last my husband went out at eight o'clock in the evening. I shut the house and shop at half past eight. I had then lighted candles: it was dark. I fastened the shop by locking it once. After that I went into the kitchen at the back of the house. I had not been there above three or four minutes, before my attention was called to the shop again. A noise I heard in the passage drew my attention. When I went into the shop I perceived the door to be open. I am sure I had effectually locked it. I missed the articles in the indictment. Upon that I raised an alarm, and caused a pursuit to be made.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-23-person261"> STEPHEN LEE
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person261" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person261" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a horse patrole belonging to Bow-street. Upon an alarm given at
<placeName id="t18161030-23-crimeloc119">Colnbrook</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="Colnbrook"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-23-off117 t18161030-23-crimeloc119"/>, I went in pursuit of some supposed offenders. I was informed of the robbery, and overtook the prisoner about two miles and a half from Colnbrook, in the road from Colnbrook to Hounslow towards London. He had the property in question embraced in his arms, uncovered. I asked him how he came by it, and told him I suspected he was the person who committed the depredation. He made no kind of reply. I brought him back to Longford; that is fifteen miles from London. Mr. Tatnell was present, and identified his property. The prisoner did not give any account how he came by the property then. Before the magistrate, he said he found it about a mile and a half from Colnbrook. There was a Mr. Edwards with the prisoner when I took him.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-23-person262"> ROBERT EDWARDS
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person262" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person262" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-23-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a lieutenant in the navy. On the evening of the 31st of August I overtook the prisoner on the other side of Colnbrook turnpike. I since know that it was about two hundred yards from Tatnell's house. It was between eight and nine o'clock: it was quite dark; the lamps were lighted on the coaches. He had a bundle with him. I asked him where he was going, and he said to London. He said he had been to Egham races, hawking clothes about. I could not particularly see what it was he had; and I did not know, till he himself told me, that it was clothes. While he was with me, he did not find nor pick up any property.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I found the property just by a gate where that gentleman met me.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-23-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-23-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-23-punish121" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-23-punish121" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-23-defend257 t18161030-23-punish121"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 33.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24" type="date" value="18161030"/>
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<persName id="t18161030-24-defend264" type="defendantName"> JOHN WILLIAMS, alias
<rs id="t18161030-24-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-24-defend264 t18161030-24-alias-2"/>WINTER</rs>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-defend264" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-defend264" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-defend264" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-defend264" type="age" value="37"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-24-off122" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-24-off122" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-off122" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously and sacrilegiously breaking open the
<placeName id="t18161030-24-crimeloc123">parish church at Heston</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-crimeloc123" type="placeName" value="parish church at Heston"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-crimeloc123" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-24-off122 t18161030-24-crimeloc123"/>, on the
<rs id="t18161030-24-cd124" type="crimeDate">25th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-24-off122 t18161030-24-cd124"/>, and stealing therein two quarto prayer-books, value 4l. and an octavo prayer book, value 10s. the property of the Right Hon.
<persName id="t18161030-24-victim266" type="victimName"> George Villiers
<interp inst="t18161030-24-victim266" type="surname" value="Villiers"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-victim266" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-victim266" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-24-off122 t18161030-24-victim266"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t18161030-24-viclabel125" type="occupation">Earl</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-24-victim266 t18161030-24-viclabel125"/> of Jersey. </rs> </p>
<persName id="t18161030-24-person267"> CHARLES WHEATLEY
<interp inst="t18161030-24-person267" type="surname" value="WHEATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-person267" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-24-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am Sexton of the parish church of Heston. Lord Jersey has a pew in that church. It was the custom of his family to leave their prayer-books in that church. There were two quarto ledger prayer-books and an octavo prayer-book in their pew. I saw the church safe on the 24th of September at a funeral. Every thing was then safe, as far as I could see. I had seen every thing safe on the Sunday. I took it for granted every thing was safe on the Tuesday. It was my custom to keep the parish pall in the church. After that I was not in the church from the Tuesday until the Friday. I went out a little way, and when I came home I found that there was a hue, and cry. I went to it on the 25th, Friday, about four o'clock in the afternoon. I found it locked as I had left it. When I got inside, I missed the three prayer-books from the Earl of Jersey's pew. I searched the church carefully over, and I found two books belonging to the communion table were moved out of a cupboard into which I always put them. I have seen the pall since, and have got it now. Whoever it was that stole these things got in by breaking a window, which made space enough for a person to get in. It was about seven feet from the ground, but there was a tomb close, on which he must have got. I saw the pall afterwards on Saturday afternoon. My little girl brought it. Heston is about fourteen miles from here, and twelve from Golden Square.</p>
<p>- On the 25th of September the prisoner came and offered a quarto prayer-book to pledge. He asked five shillings for it: that was not near its value. I should suppose it was worth from 25s. to 30s. I asked him where he got it from? He said it was his own. I asked him where he bought it? He said he did not buy it, but he had it given him by a gentleman for cleaning his boots and shoes, instead of wages. I told him I thought that was not a very probable thing; so I went and acquainted Mr. Harrison. The prisoner was still in the shop. I went and informed Mr. Harrison, my master. Having conferred with him, he came and questioned the prisoner himself. I heard what passed between them. He asked him where he lodged, or where the gentleman lived that had given him the book? He could not tell us He said he could not tell; he was out of town, and he did not know him. Mr. Harrison then asked him where the gentleman lodged? He told us he did not know, that he believed somewhere in Whitechapel; to which Mr. Harrison said, that would not do; he must take him before a magistrate, and he must give an account where he got the book from. Mr. Harrison said he would take him, and therefore it was needless to make any resistance. He went along with Mr. Harrison. They had not got a long way, before I had occasion to go up stairs, and I was under the necessary of going through the passage where the prisoner had stood, and I stumbled over something. I took it up, and found it to be a bag, and it contained two other prayer-books; one exactly like the one he had offered to pledge. a quarto, and the other a large sized octavo. I immediately took the books I found in the bag to Maryborough-street to Mr. Harrison. The books were examined, and the prisoner was remanded for a further examination. The books have continued in my possession ever since.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-24-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-24-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-24-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-24-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-24-defend264 t18161030-24-punish127"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 37.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18161030-25">
<interp inst="t18161030-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-25-off128-c222" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-25-defend269 t18161030-25-off128 t18161030-25-verdict131"/>
<persName id="t18161030-25-defend269" type="defendantName"> FREDERICK CONSTABLE
<interp inst="t18161030-25-defend269" type="surname" value="CONSTABLE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-defend269" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-defend269" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-defend269" type="age" value="23"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-25-off128" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-25-off128" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-off128" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18161030-25-victim271" type="victimName"> James John Sheath
<interp inst="t18161030-25-victim271" type="surname" value="Sheath"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-victim271" type="given" value="James John"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-victim271" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-25-off128 t18161030-25-victim271"/> </persName>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300020"/>in the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t18161030-25-cd129" type="crimeDate">18th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-25-off128 t18161030-25-cd129"/>, for putting him in fear, and taking from his person and against his will a watch, value 20s. his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-25-person272"> JAMES JOHN SHEATH
<interp inst="t18161030-25-person272" type="surname" value="JOHN SHEATH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-person272" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 18th of October last this man watched me in the Strand. He was looking at a play-bill. Two of them together went a-head of me, and followed me into
<placeName id="t18161030-25-crimeloc130">Castle-court</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-crimeloc130" type="placeName" value="Castle-court"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-25-crimeloc130" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-25-off128 t18161030-25-crimeloc130"/>, where I live with my father. When I got into the court this man, seizing me by the collar, took the watch out of my pocket. The other man tried to pacify me, and put his hand on my shoulder; but I pursued this man, and cried stop thief, and halloed murder, and ran after the prisoner, and never lost sight of him. He was taken before a quarter of an hour had elapsed. I am sure I never lost sight of him, and I have not the least doubt but the prisoner is the man.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. ADOLPHUS. This was about nine o'clock. I saw this man and another looking at a play-bill at a small butter shop, the other side Bedford-street. They might be able to see the seal and key hanging below my waistcoat. This was a very little way from Castle-street. The prisoner went up the court before me, and waited to see if I came up the court. As I passed him I thought his attention was fixed on me. I thought he was eying me, and I tucked my ribbon up. No one spoke to me when he robbed me. I turned the corner of the court nearly at the same time that he did, and did not lose sight of him. He dodged about the coaches in Bedford-street. I had sight of him all the time, and he ran into St. Paul's churchyard, where he was secured.</p>
<p>- On the night in question I heard the cry, and I pursued round and saw the prisoner running up Bedford-street. He was going along Chandos-street, and I immediately stood before him, and then he turned back and went up Bedford-street, and I followed him. He dodged about among the coaches, and he knocked me down. I got up again and pursued him, and he ran into the church-yard. There I followed him. There he struck me and knocked me down again, but I secured him.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-25-verdict131" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-25-verdict131" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-25-punish132" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-25-punish132" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-25-defend269 t18161030-25-punish132"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 23.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-26-off133-c225" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-26-defend274 t18161030-26-off133 t18161030-26-verdict135"/>
<persName id="t18161030-26-defend274" type="defendantName"> JOHN HOBBES
<interp inst="t18161030-26-defend274" type="surname" value="HOBBES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-defend274" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-defend274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-26-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-26-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18161030-26-victim276" type="victimName"> William Dealy
<interp inst="t18161030-26-victim276" type="surname" value="Dealy"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-victim276" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-victim276" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-26-off133 t18161030-26-victim276"/> </persName> in the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t18161030-26-cd134" type="crimeDate">25th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-26-off133 t18161030-26-cd134"/>, and taking from his person a one pound note, three three shilling pieces, and a shilling, his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-26-person277"> WILLIAM DEALY
<interp inst="t18161030-26-person277" type="surname" value="DEALY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-person277" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I sold the prisoner a black mare for 30s. He said he had not money enough to pay for it, and asked me if I would go home with him? and I did. He took some things to pledge to pay the money. He paid me a one pound note, three three shilling pieces, and a shilling. He then asked me if I would go home to supper with him. As I was going past Mr. Rose's brick field, I found him trying to pick my pocket of my pocketbook. I tried to get it back from him, and he knocked me down against the bank, and then he took what silver I had in my pocket besides, two three shilling pieces, and a piece of paper and some halfpence, which Mr. Hatfield has got now.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-26-person278"> WILLIAM HATFIELD
<interp inst="t18161030-26-person278" type="surname" value="HATFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-person278" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-26-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I apprehended the prisoner. I found this piece of paper on him, which the prosecutor told me was in his pocket with the silver at the time he was knocked down. I found nothing else on him. The prosecutor only told me of the money he had lost before, and did not tell me of the paper until he saw it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. That paper was given me by a gentleman.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-26-verdict135" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-26-verdict135" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Dallas.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-27" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-27-off136-c229" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-27-defend280 t18161030-27-off136 t18161030-27-verdict138"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-27-off136-c230" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-27-defend282 t18161030-27-off136 t18161030-27-verdict138"/>
<persName id="t18161030-27-defend280" type="defendantName"> RICHARD KELLEY
<interp inst="t18161030-27-defend280" type="surname" value="KELLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-defend280" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-defend280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18161030-27-defend282" type="defendantName"> CHARLES PRESCOTT
<interp inst="t18161030-27-defend282" type="surname" value="PRESCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-defend282" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-defend282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-27-off136" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-27-off136" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-off136" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-27-cd137" type="crimeDate">10th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-27-off136 t18161030-27-cd137"/>, three yards of cloth, value 1l. 19s. the property of
<persName id="t18161030-27-victim284" type="victimName"> Thomas Thwaites
<interp inst="t18161030-27-victim284" type="surname" value="Thwaites"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-victim284" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-victim284" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-27-off136 t18161030-27-victim284"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-27-person285"> JOHN THWAITES
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person285" type="surname" value="THWAITES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person285" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the morning in question I was in our back shop, which looks into the front shop. I went into the shop, and there was a man dressed in a sailor's jacket, whom I since understand was
<persName id="t18161030-27-person286"> Daniel Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person286" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person286" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . He came forward putting out a one pound note, and asked me if I would suit him with a pair of small clothes. Suspecting his character, I told him I could not. After he went out I missed the cloth, and I went after him, I went as far as Charles-street, Drury-lane, and could see nothing of him. In about a quarter of an hour after that I thought I would not give it up, but I went again, and I saw
<persName id="t18161030-27-person287"> Daniel Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person287" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person287" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and the two prisoners after him coming up Charles-street. Kelley, the prisoner at the bar, had a bundle tied up in a handkerchief. I turned round in order to follow him, and Daniel turned under Short's Gardens gateway. I was running, and I was perceived by the prisoner,
<persName id="t18161030-27-person288"> Richard Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person288" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person288" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-27-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who looked round, and immediately turned out of my sight. I waited, and soon after saw all three. I pursued them as close as I could, and Richard Kelley appeared to have something under his coat, and was running very fast down Short's Gardens. I pursued him, crying stop thief, and he was stopped. In Short's Gardens I afterwards found the bundle which contained the cloth in question. Daniel Kelley, who had been in the shop, got clear off. Prescott was afterwards apprehended. I did not see the two prisoners about the door.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-27-verdict138" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-27-verdict138" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18161030-28-defend290" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM JAMES FARMER
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<interp inst="t18161030-28-defend290" type="given" value="WILLIAM JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-28-defend290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-28-off139" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-28-off139" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-28-off139" type="offenceSubcategory" value="taxOffences"/> feloniously and fraudulently cutting, tearing, and getting off of a certain piece of paper a certain stamp, whereby it was denoted that a certain duty, to wit, the sum of twopence, had been paid in respect of the said stamped paper, commonly called a twopenny receipt stamp, with intent to use the same on another piece of paper to be used as a receipt stamp, whereon a similar duty as aforesaid would become payable, with intent to defraud our Sovereign Lord
<persName id="t18161030-28-victim291" type="victimName">the
<rs id="t18161030-28-viclabel140" type="occupation">King</rs>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-28-off139 t18161030-28-victim291"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
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<interp inst="t18161030-28-verdict141" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-29" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-29-off142-c238" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-29-defend293 t18161030-29-off142 t18161030-29-verdict145"/>
<persName id="t18161030-29-defend293" type="defendantName"> THOMAS REILLY
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<interp inst="t18161030-29-defend293" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-defend293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300021"/>
<rs id="t18161030-29-off142" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-29-off142" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-off142" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-29-cd143" type="crimeDate">30th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-29-off142 t18161030-29-cd143"/>, a pocket handkerchief, value 2s. the property of
<persName id="t18161030-29-victim295" type="victimName"> Edward Devenham
<interp inst="t18161030-29-victim295" type="surname" value="Devenham"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-victim295" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-victim295" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-29-off142 t18161030-29-victim295"/> </persName> , from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-29-person296"> EDWARD DEVENHAM
<interp inst="t18161030-29-person296" type="surname" value="DEVENHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-person296" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 30th of October, I was endeavouring to get into the Justice-room at the
<placeName id="t18161030-29-crimeloc144">Mansion-House</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-29-crimeloc144" type="placeName" value="Mansion-House"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-29-off142 t18161030-29-crimeloc144"/>; there was a very great crowd of people there, and I could not get in. In the entrance of the door, during the time I was there. I missed my handkerchief from my pocket. I am quite sure I had it before I went into the Mansion House; I turned round, and charged the prisoner with taking it from my pocket; he was at that time close by me; I laid hold of his coat, and pulled it open, and there I saw my handkerchief.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-29-verdict145" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-29-verdict145" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18161030-30-defend298" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BRUCK
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<interp inst="t18161030-30-defend298" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-30-defend298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18161030-30-defend300" type="defendantName"> RICHARD HAMMOND
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<interp inst="t18161030-30-defend300" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-30-defend300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-30-off146" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-30-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-30-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, a watch, value 1l. 5s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t18161030-30-verdict147" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-30-verdict147" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-30-verdict147" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> No prosecutor appeared </rs>.</p>
<p>NOT GUILTY.</p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18161030-31-defend302" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH FRICKER
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<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend302" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend302" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18161030-31-defend304" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM KELLY
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend304" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend304" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend304" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend304" type="age" value="33"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18161030-31-defend306" type="defendantName"> JAMES HITCHIN
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend306" type="surname" value="HITCHIN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend306" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-31-off148" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-off148" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-off148" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18161030-31-victim308" type="victimName"> Ann Ashworth
<interp inst="t18161030-31-victim308" type="surname" value="Ashworth"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-victim308" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-victim308" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , about the hour of eleven in the night of the
<rs id="t18161030-31-cd149" type="crimeDate">28th of July</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-off148 t18161030-31-cd149"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-off150 t18161030-31-cd149"/>, with intent to steal, and for burglariously stealing therein, one silver bread basket value 20l one silver tea-pot, value 4l. one silver tea-pot stand, value 2l. one silver milk-pot gilt inside, value 40s. seven silver forks, value 4l. six other silver forks, value 3l. foursilver desertspoons, value 40s. ten silver table-spoons, value 5l. seven silver tea-spoons, value 3l. one silver sugar ladle, value 20s. two silver sauce ladies, value 40s. one silver soup ladle, value 50s. six silver knives, value 3l. two silver salt spoons gilt inside, value 10s. one silver fish sauce stand value 10l. one silver cruet stand, value 20l. one glass mustard cruet mounted with silver, value 10s. one glass vinegar cruet, value 2s. four glass sauce cruet, value 10s. one silver liquor stand, value 10l. two silver gravy spoons, value 50s. one silver butter knife, value 10s. one silver marrow spoon, value 10s. one silver waiter, value 30l. one silver snuffer stand, value 20l. one pair of snuffers, value 10s, one pair of silver candlesticks, value 15l. two silver butter boats with covers, value 40l. one silver pint mug, value 4l. one gold watch, value 80l. one gold chain, value 15l. four gold seals, 4l. one gold key, value 1l. one silver saucepan, value 15l. two silver gilt buttle stands, value 15l. three table cloths, value 3l. six yards of linen cloth, value 6s. a silver egg stand, value 5l. a silver salt cellar, value 10s. a metal inkstand, value 5s. and a table cloth cover, value 3s. the property of the said
<persName id="t18161030-31-person309"> Ann Ashworth
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person309" type="surname" value="Ashworth"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person309" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person309" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> </rs>. AND
<persName id="t18161030-31-defend311" type="defendantName"> PETER KELLY
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend311" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend311" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend311" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-defend311" type="age" value="64"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-31-off150" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-off150" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-off150" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same, knowing them to be stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person312"> ANN ASHWORTH
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person312" type="surname" value="ASHWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person312" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person312" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I kept a house in
<placeName id="t18161030-31-crimeloc151">Berner-street, in the parish of Mary-le-bone</placeName>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-crimeloc151" type="placeName" value="Berner-street, in the parish of Mary-le-bone"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-crimeloc151" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-off148 t18161030-31-crimeloc151"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-off150 t18161030-31-crimeloc151"/>. Fricker was a
<rs id="t18161030-31-deflabel152" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-defend302 t18161030-31-deflabel152"/> of mine; I had another female servant; her name is
<persName id="t18161030-31-person313"> Hannah Holloway
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person313" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person313" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person313" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; she was the cook; I had no other servant; the 28th of July, was a Sunday. I went to bed before eleven o'clock on the night of that day. Before I went to bed, I had an opportunity of being positively certain that the windows of the parlour and the street door were fastened; but I am not positive as to any other parts of the house. I got up the next morning before six; I first went to my dressing room, and thence to the drawing room; I remained in the drawing room about ten minutes and thence went into the dressing room again. Then the cook Holloway came to me, at about ten minutes before seven. In consequence of something that passed between us, I went down to the kitchen; I found one of the kitchen windows open; we found some papers strewed about the kitchen; my writing-desk that had been in the parlour the day before, was on the ground, and broken open; the papers out of the desk were scattered about. I saw that the street door was open; the bolt was drawn, so as to prevent the door from shutting to. I saw a wine bottle behind the door, and an empty tumbler; there was a little wine in the bottle; but nothing else that I discovered. There was another bottle behind the parlour door, with a candle in it; that candle had certainly been burnt; I could ascertain that it was one that had been in one of my candlesticks; it was not a common kitchen candle, but had been in one of the candlesticks that were stolen. I discovered the sidebord locks broken, and the papers and things that were in the sid board were scattered about. I kept some plate in that sideboard; I had kept it locked when I went to bed. There was a silver bread basket there; the greater part of the plate in the indictment was there. The value altogether was about four hundred pounds; it cost a great deal more. It was on the Saturday before that the prisoner Fricker applied to me to clean the plate; she came to me for a silver waiter; it was a very large one. She asked for that particularly; it had never been cleaned by her before; it was in my bed-room. She had been in my service nearly three months. I had never asked her to clean it, not intimated to her that I wished it to be cleaned. She asked me for it three times, and at lenght I was induced to give it to her. I don't recollect that I expected company, or that there was any reason for her getting it. She also asked for two gilt silver spoons which belonged in the egg stand, and that would make the egg stand comple. They were kept in the drawer with the other plate in the parlour. The waiter might be worth twenty pounds, I believe it cost thirty. When I went up stairs to bed on the Sunday night, the prisoner Fricker came into my room; I used a gilt silver candlestick to go to bed with. She came and took that candlestick up; I asked her what she wanted that candlestick for, and she put it down again, and went out of the room, She brought me a letter, and a few minutes after, she wanted to go out, and I told her I could not spare her, and she said she must go out, and she would, for it was of consequence, she did go out. Her clothes were in the kitchen at that time packed up; it was afterwards discovered to be so. I have a neighbour named King. In consequence of some
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300022"/>thing which he said to me, I looked for my green pelisse, and it was not in the place where it was left.</p>
<p>HANNAH HOLLOWAY. I am cook to the prosecutrix in July last;
<persName id="t18161030-31-person314"> Elizabeth Fricker
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person314" type="surname" value="Fricker"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person314" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person314" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was a servant to her. Fricker was not at home all Sunday. the 28th of July; she went out at half past seven in the evening; she said she wanted to go, but I did not observe the moment that she went; until she returned about ten; when she came back, I was in the parlour. In about five minutes my mistress called her up into the parlour; my mistress gave her a pelisse; she was to have taken it up stairs to my mistress's bed room. She returned into the kitchen. I asked her to go to bed; she looked at the clock, and said, it was very soon. I left her; I did not go into my room; I went into the parlour. At this time, Mrs. Ashworth had just gone up. There was no work left behind to be done. I heard a noise like raking out cinders; but I had raked out the fire before. I went down, and asked her what she was doing it for, she said she had no particular reason for doing it. I asked her to come to bed, but she did not; she sat down. I said she had better not, sit down, but come to bed; which she did not do. I went up stairs, and left her below. I went into my mistress's bed room. I was attending my mistress there when the prisoner came up; she had a candle in a flat candlestick; but went down for a save-all; she spoke to my mistress and me as she was going down; she said, she had forgotten it. My mistress and I went down stairs into the parlour. Pricker went down stairs for it, and returned with it is a moment; she said, she had got it; when she returned, I was in the passage, on the ground floor, with my mistress. At the time I am now speaking of, the street door was fast. I had fastened it.</p>
<p>Q. Had you before this seen that the windows and doors were fast - A. One window I am positive of, the one that was close against the kitchen door; but I am not certain of the window that was found open. The door behind opens into a little yard at the back of the house; that was never fastened; but I am sure it was shut; there are railings at the back of it. Nobody could get in at that back door, without tearing up the railings, and the railings were quite safe. I am positive that the windows were shut; but I am not positive that they were fastened. I did not leave any candle in the kitchen table when I went up stairs. The candles that Mrs. Ashworth used in her sitting room, were snuffed out, and left on the parlour table; I am quite sure they were both mould candles, and they were in silver candlesticks. After I had met Fricker on the stair-case, my mistress went up stairs; I followed her, and Fricker followed last, all going up to bed. Fricker slept in the same room with me, but not the same bed. When I got into the bed room, Fricker went into my mistress's hed room; she joined me in a minute or two; she was not with me long before she left me saying she had left her book below; I told her she had not, for that she had left it in her mistress's dressing room; she said she was positive she had, left it on the kitchen table. I had not seen the book in my mistress's dressing room, but I had seen it in Fricker's hand as she was coming up stairs and went into my mistress's dressing room, therefore I told her so. She did not remain below above four or five minutes, not longer than was necessary in fetch the book as I thought at the moment; when she returned with the book, she looked the door, and came in and undressed herself, and got into bed, and read a little of the book, and then asked me to put the candle out; I did so. She had never before taken up a book to read. I did not wake, myself, in the morning, but she waked me; that was unusual; I got up, and looked at the clock, I discovered it was a little after six; she said to me when she called me that it was time to get up. I told her I was rather surprised at her calling me, for it was not usual for her to get up until nine o'clock; I don't remember that she made any answer. she got up at the same time; but I went down first. My usual hour of getting up was seven. She got up once, when I first came to live there early to work; but on this morning. I know of no work she had to do. When I went down stairs, there was light enough to see without a candle, it was very light; I perceived a little light through the street door. I saw a empty bottle and runner in the passage. I did not look at the street door to see whether it was a-jar or not. I went straight into the kitchen; I saw the cupboard door open; that had been locked when I went to bed, I am positive. I saw my mistress's writing desk and tea caddy in the kitchen, and I saw at the papers were scattered about on the ground. I perceived that the kitchen front door was a little on the jar, unfastened and open; it could not be opened by any other way than from within by the appearance. One window was fast as I had left it, and the other window shutter was open; but the window itself was down; at that window there were usually flower pots standing; they appeared to be in the same stare that I left them in the day before, apparently nobody had distubred them. Any one to get in at the window from the out side, must have moved the flower pots, for the window is very high. I did not stay for any time in the kitchen, but returned to my mistress's bed room; at that time I did not know what to think. Fricker I had left in the bed-room; but going up, I met her coming down, looking very pale, my mistress went down before me, for I was very much alarmed. Afterwards I came down stairs. My mistress called me into the parlour, and shewed me how the things were broken. I found the sideboard broken open, and the house robbed, as my mistress has told you. I never knew of a candle being used in the neck of a bottle in my mistress's house. The prisoner Fricker went out on the Tuesday following; I had been out myself to the butcher's at about ten minutes before four; the butcher lived a little way down Oxford-street; my mistress's house is above Castle-street, near the Middlesex Hospital; therefore I would pass the corner of Castle-street in going to Oxford-street. When I returned, there was a tall man standing at the door, speaking to
<persName id="t18161030-31-person315"> Elizabeth Fricker
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person315" type="surname" value="Fricker"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person315" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person315" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I should know that man again;
<persName id="t18161030-31-person316"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person316" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person316" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is the man, the tall man; I am positive he is
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300023"/>the man. I did not hear any of their conversation. Upon my coming, they went out together. I did not know the man before. When Fricker went away, she did not say any thing to me, nor did I to her. She was gone near open an hour; when she returned. I asked her where she had been, as she knew that I wanted to get my mistress's dinner, and that my mistress wanted to go out. She said she had been out to vent her mind to that person who had called upon her. That was all she said. There had not been any quarrell between her and her mistress, or me, to give her occasion to vent her mind on any subject. I had no reason to expect that she was going to leave Mrs. Ashworth.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person317"> SAMUEL PLANK
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person317" type="surname" value="PLANK"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person317" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer. On the 29th of July, I went to the house of the prosecutrix, in Berner's-street. I immediately inspected the house, to see in what manner it had been entered. I found the street - door had no key-hole on the outside; therefore the lock could not have been picked. There was no appearance of violence on the outside, nor in any other part. I observed the window next to the fire place, and observed one leaf of the shutter was a little open. My attention was called to that by the prisoner Fricker. On my going down she told me that that was the way they got in. I went with her to the outside of that window in the area; there were six flower pots standing on the window sill; they were all of different sizes, and they had all plants in them, reaching a good way up the window. Those plants reached above the window, nearly as far as the front part, and some days previous to this, there had been rain, and a crust was formed round the bottom of each pot, that enabled me to observe whether they had been removed. I am positive they had not been removed lately, and no person could have got in there; it would have taken a great deal of care to have replaced them exactly in the same situation, if they had been removed. I did this in the presence of Fricker, and acquainted her with my observation. She strongly insisted that they had got in at that window; she did not say any thing else at that time. I examined the front area over, and other parts, to examine where they had been forced; there are no steps in the area; if there he a step, it can not exceed a couple or three inches in height, as it is only the sill of the door. I found no force had been used at the area door. That door was lined with iron. and the shutters was lined with iron; there was no appearance of force at all; they could not have got in at the back area door, for there were iron rails over it. The hall door had been shut before I came. Afterwards I found a bottle and candle, and and so forth. I afterwards searched her box; she was present. At that time I did not look for plate. Subsequently I found a piece of flannel which I have here. After I had taken her into custody, I had some conversation with her. At the first time I stated my suspicion; but left her in the house. I took her into custody before I found the flannel on the Tuesday. After I had taken her into custody on the Tuesday afternoon. I asked her who the man was that she had been speaking to cued the corner. half or three quarters of an hour before. She searched very reluctant to tell me; I proceed her to tell me and said, surely she could have no objection to tell me who he was. She then said, "he was a tally man." She explained that to be a hawking linen draper, who takes part payment for goods at a time. She said, "she had owed him eight shillings up wards of twelve months, and he had found her out at her place by accident, and she went out to pay him." She said "his name was Finch, and she became acquainted with him when she was at Miss Clarkson's. at Kentish Town, a lady who kept a boarding school."She said,"she had not seen him for upwards of twelve months." There was nothing farther passed that I recollect. She said, "she was a widow, and that she had been so for seven or eight years." The name of Kelley was not spoken of at all. When Kelley was before the magistrate, and the box was opened there, he claimed some leather which was in it.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person318"> THOMAS HILL
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person318" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person318" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live near the house of the proseutrix; I knew the tall Kelley; he lodged at my house at the time the offence was committed. He had not at that time given up his lodging. He first came to me on the 25th of July, four days previous. He did not sleep at home on Sunday the 28th; he lodged in the second floor, the top room. I have another lodger in the home. He and the prisoner slept in the same apartment. I did not see she prisoner at my house with Kelley on the Saturday. I never saw her to my knowledge until she was taken up.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person319"> DAVID LATHBURY
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person319" type="surname" value="LATHBURY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person319" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lodged at Mr. Hill's, No. 3, Newman Mews in July last. I look at the prisoner,
<persName id="t18161030-31-person320"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person320" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person320" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and know him. He came to lodge three on the 25th of July, he slept there; he did not sleep there on the night of the 28th; I know that, because I was at home late, and I saw the door fastened, and he did not come in after that. I did not see him the next morning. I saw him some days afterwards; but had not any conversation with him. I heard he had been to a fair. I asked him, and he said he had been in the country; but he did not say any thing more that I recollect. He always slept at home before that Sunday, as long as he lodged there. I did not see him between the day that I talked with him, and the day I saw him before the justice. I look at the female prisoner; I saw her on the Saturday, I have no doubt whatever. I saw her come to the door of the place when Kelley lodged, and she asked for Mr. Kelley. He was not at home. She came again about the middle of the day, but I did not see her.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person321"> THOMAS WEBBE
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person321" type="surname" value="WEBBE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person321" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the Crown public-house, - street Bloomsbury. Early in the morning of the 29th of July, I recollect two men coming to my house at a little before seven o'clock a they had a bundle with them. They rushed into a box opposite to the bar; one was a tall man; and the other was a short man; I believe
<persName id="t18161030-31-person322"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person322" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person322" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to be the tall man. To the best of my knowledge he is the man; he seemed to be in ill health. The short man I don't remember; I had not the same opportunity of observing him. They came together in a coach, and wept away in that coach. The coachman came in, and they gave him a glass of gin, and then they
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300024"/>loaded the luggage in the coach again. It was a bundle of some size, but I don't know what it was wrapt in. It was cloth, but I don't know the colour.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person323"> BENJAMIN COOKE
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person323" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person323" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at No. 4, Brill Place, Sommer's Town; that may be about twenty yards from the Brill public-house. The old man,
<persName id="t18161030-31-person324"> Peter Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person324" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person324" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lodged at my house; he came about May last, continued to lodge there until the 7th of September. when he was taken up. On the morning of the 29th of July, I was at breakfast, when three men came into the house. I did not speak; but my wife did. She asked who they were; I believe old Kelley was one of the three; the other Kelley was another; when my wife asked who they were, one of the two strangers said they belonged to Mr. Kelley. The short man came first, then William Kelley, and then Peter. It was between nine and ten o'clock. The short man had a bundle wrapt up careleesly in a green baize, a cloth with a yellow border. They all went up into the front room, on the first floor; the room in which old Kelley lodged. In a short time
<persName id="t18161030-31-person325"> Peter Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person325" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person325" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came down, and said,"one of them is my son, the tall one in boots." He told me that his son had just come from the country, and he had a parcel sent by the Litchfield stage; end he said, "he was going to fetch a sheet of writing paper to write a letter into the country.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person326"> SARAH COOKE
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person326" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person326" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person326" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I remember the morning my husband speaks of these men coming to his house.
<persName id="t18161030-31-person327"> Peter Kelly
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person327" type="surname" value="Kelly"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person327" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person327" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was one. I now look at the bar;
<persName id="t18161030-31-person328"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person328" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person328" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is the second, and the other man, Hitchen, is the man who carried the bundle.
<persName id="t18161030-31-person329"> Young Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person329" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person329" type="given" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had a horsewhip in his hand, and a green silk umbralla; she was dressed in jockey boots. As they they came in I started up from the table, and asked them whom they wanted, and they said, "they belonged to Mr. Kelley; Old Kelley followed last. In about two minutes old Kelley and Hitchen came down. Old Kelley told me that one was his son, and had just come out of the country. Young Kelley remained up stairs for about a quarter of an hour, and then went out in shoes. Young Kelley called again on Tuesday, at about half past six o'clock with Hitchen. He went away and came again, and asked if the old man was returned. They came again and supped with old Kelley and a friend. Young Kelley stopped and slept with his father. Hitchen went away about half past ten. Old Kelley went to see his friend home, and then returned. It was the lady who was to be his wife; a person of the name of Hansell. On Wednesday morning William Kelley got up at about ten o'clock, and washed himself and went away. He came again on the Thursday, at about half past six o'clock, as near as I can tell, and asked if the old gentleman was at home; I told him no, and he asked me to send for him, and I did so. Soon after he came down and asked me for a light, and I gave him one, and it appeared to me that he had been using sealing wax, and he had a cord to cord a box, and I went up and saw that box; It was a red box; I had painted it red for old Kelley in the latter end of May, I asked the younger Keley if his father was going to lend him that box, and he said, "yes," and said, "he must have it back again next week." I said, yes, when it was all knocked to pieces, he would have it back again.</p>
<p>(Box produced.)</p>
<p>That is the box, I saw them put it into a hackney coach.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person330"> SOPHIA UNDERWOOD
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person330" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person330" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person330" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at No. 16, Johnson street, Sommers Town; that is a good bit from Brill place. I know old Mr. Kelley. I have known him almost these seven years. I remember his coming to our house; but I don't know whether it was in the month of August, or not; it was in the summer, some weeks before he was taken up. He called just at dusk, he called to ask whether he might leave a box there; and I said yes. He put the box into the shop; my husband is a carpenter. Old Kelley called in two or three days afterwards, and he said he moved the box because he was moving to Mrs. Stansell's by degrees. He was there several times afterwards, but did not say any more about the box. It might remain a week or a fortnight. I don't remember his coming with a basket. He fetched the box away on an evening, but I don't know how he took it away.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person331"> THOMAS UNDERWOOD
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person331" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person331" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the husband of last witness. I know old Kelley. I have done work for him now and then. I understood he came to leave a box while I was not at home; he came afterwards, and told me he had left a box, and hoped it would not be in my way. We moved it out of the back parlour where we were working, up into the two pair of stairs front room; he was going to move it by himself, and I said Mr. Kelly, I will lend you a hand; it was a box similar to the one new produced. He and I moved it up together; it might be half or three quarters of a hundred weight. I remember his coming there with a basket in his hand, and said he wanted some tools out of the box; by which I understood that there were tools in the box.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person332"> WILLIAM BIRD
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person332" type="surname" value="BIRD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person332" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . In the month of August last, I saw old Kelley in the street with a large box similar to the one produced, within three or four doors of Underwood's house. I was at work at Mr. Underwood's one evening when he came in and asked me if Mr. Underwood was within. At another time I saw him come down stairs with a rush basket, and I understood he had been up to get tools out of the box; it was when he came down that he had the basket.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person333"> HANNAH COMPTON
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person333" type="surname" value="COMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person333" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person333" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .
<persName id="t18161030-31-person334"> Peter Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person334" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person334" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person334" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to my house on the 29th of August; he came with a wheelbarrow, with his trunk in it. He stopped at the door, and, "how do you do, Mrs. Compton; will you be so good as to let me leave this trunk at your house." I said, I have not room for it, unless you put it into the potatoe binn. He said, "that would do. It belongs to a young man who has left his situation, and it has got his clothes in it. He said it might be a day or two first, but when he got a situation he would move it again. That trunk remained there nine days, I think until the 12th of September; on that day a woman came who made an application for the trunk. In consequence of suspicion, I went to Malborough street office, and the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300025"/>magistrates sent an officer to my house, he took the trunk to the office, and I saw it broken open at the office; it was then in the same state as it was when it was first left. I did not put any thing into it. When it was opened, there was a good deal of plate and other things in it. I did not see any clothes in it.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person335"> WILLIAM CRAIG
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person335" type="surname" value="CRAIG"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person335" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of Marlborough-street. In consequence of the last witness having made an application at our office, I went and got a trunk; this is it, and I have had it in my custody ever since. We broke it open at our office, and on opening it, we found four silver desert spoons, ten table spoons, four tea-spoons, one butter-knife, one marrow spoon, one pair of steel snuffers, a silver salt seller, a cut glass mustard pot, three damask tablecloths, six yards of new towelling, a metal brass mounted travelling ink-stand, a piece of green baize, a table cover with a yellow border; these are all worth considerably more than twenty pounds.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person336"> WILLIAM MAGUIRE
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person336" type="surname" value="MAGUIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person336" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The younger Kelley lodged with me; I let him one room; he came on the 29th of January, and remained until the 24th of July. The woman at the bar, Fricker, came to lodge with him as his wife; they lived there together as man and wife, for about a couple of months; then she got a place in Berner's-street. While she was in place there, she came twice to see him. I heard of the robbery in Berner's-street about a week after West-end Fair. I remember the prisoner Fricker was taken up and was in prison. I remember the prisoner Kelley coming for me; he called on me once, and as I was at home, I received him. The second time I was out. The third time a lad called for me, and when I saw him on these several occasions, he made inquiries how I did, and whether any one had been for him. I remember asking him why he did not come to my house; he said he had reasons for it; he sent for me, and I went to him several times; once Mr. Hitchen came for me. I went to the place where Kelley was five or six times when be sent messages to me. On one of these occasions, he desired me to go to Marlborough-street; he said he expected Fricker to be brought up to the office, and I was to observe whether she came for examination from the House of Correction. During the latter part of the time that he lodged with me with Fricker, they appeared very miserably poor, with scarcely any thing to cover their nakedness. When I saw him in August and September, before he was taken up, he appeared comfortable, with a newish kind of a hat, a goodish coat and breeches, with new stockings, and he had a watch. I remember seeing him ahd Hitchin together when he desired me to go for an attorney for him in Hatton Garden; I refused.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person337"> JOHN KING
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person337" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person337" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person337" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Berner's-street, exactly opposite to Mrs. Ashworth's house. I remember the circumstance of her house being robbed. On the Tuesday, I was in my shop, and saw a person standing at the corner of Castle-street and Berner-street, apparently looking up to the second floor of Mrs. Ashworth's house in Berner-street; I should suppose it was then about four o'clock in the afternoon. He watched her house I should suppose for the space of one or two minutes. I saw Mrs. Athworth's servant maid almost immediately come out of the house, and come to the corner to him; it was the prisoner Fricker. It appeared when they met together, by the motion of her right hand to his left, that something passed from one to the other; I did not see the colour of that something; they went a little way down Castle-street, and immediately returned, crossed over the way towards No. 10, and went down Bernersstreet. Knowing the robbery had been committed, I beckoned to Mrs. Ashworth, who was immediately opposite with the window open, and pointed to the prisoners. In consequence of what I observed, I desired my son to watch the man; I believe I did as far as Oxford-street; I observed him; he was a tall man with long dark whiskers, a dark black beard, apparently of two days standing. I thought I had seen that man before, frequently taking up a position, and always such that his eyes was ben on Mrs. Ashwoith's house. I have seen him in that position from perhaps an how to an hour and a half, or two hours. I look at the hat; the younger Kelley resembles that man, but I could not swear to him.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person338"> ALFRED KING
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person338" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person338" type="given" value="ALFRED"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the son of the last witness. On the 30th of July, my father called my attention to a man in the street; but not until I had seen that man there before; I had seen that man there before; I had seen him about half past one or two o'clock that day standing there. I first saw him about ten, and his eyes were fixed on Mrs. Ashworth's house. About ten minutes before my father called my attention to him. I saw him Fricker came out, and gave him something like green silk, which she had concealed under her apron, and when Kelley took it, he put it under his coat; I saw them go down to the corner of Newman-mews, in conversation, and in a few minutes they parted. Young Kelley I speak positively to.</p>
<p>(Property produced and sworn to.)</p>
<p>Fricker's Defence. I am thoroughly innocent of the charge laid against me.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person339"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person339" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person339" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence. My Lord and Gentlemen of the Jury, I feel much concerned to see that so much of the valuable time of the Court has been taken up on this occasion; but if the Court had allowed me before my trial, I could have saved your Lordship all that trouble; but I could not suffer any one to be hurt, if I could say or do any thing of importance. I have therefore submited myself to take my trial, to do the other prisoners that justice which they have a right to require at my hands. I shall therefore coniess to your Lorship that I am the only guilty person; and whatever the other prisoners have done, they have been induced so to do from my mis-representation of the case. Consider what must my feelings be in bringing the grey hairs of my aged father, who spared no parts or expence to render me a respectable member of society, to this ignominious and disgraceful situation. With respect to Hitchin, the consequence of his conviction would be still more unfortunate than to me; for an aged father and an invalided sister who look up to him for support,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181610300026"/>would he deprived of that support. With respect to
<persName id="t18161030-31-person340"> Elizabeth Fricker
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person340" type="surname" value="Fricker"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person340" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person340" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , I can't conceive that any proof has been adduced to affect her. I am undoubtedly bound to confess the innocence of them all; and if it would be any satisfaction to the Court, I would confess the manner in which the robbery was committed. With respect to my own innocence, I would not have broken and entered the house; but I am an accessary certainly, and have led all the other prisoners to what they have done; and all of them are innocent, so help me God. If I was going to die this moment, certainly I am guilty.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person341"> Peter Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person341" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person341" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence. I am innocent; I know nothing of the contents of the trunk.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person342"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person342" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person342" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in continuance. -My Lord, would it have any effect if I were to state the manner in which the robbery was committed?</p>
<p>COURT. You can state what you please with respect to yourself; but I must tell you that whatever you state with respect to the other prisoners can have no other effect.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person343"> William Kelley
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person343" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person343" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in continuance. I have only to say my Lord, that the house was entered by a boy; without the knowledge of any of the prisoners. Certainly I know myself to be guilty, and I should be a vile rogue indeed worse than what I am if I were not to say that the other prisoners are innocent.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person344"> WILLIAM KELLEY
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person344" type="surname" value="KELLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person344" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t18161030-31-verdict153" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-verdict153" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-31-punish154" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-punish154" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-defend304 t18161030-31-punish154"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 33.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-31-verdict155" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-verdict155" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18161030-31-punish156" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-punish156" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-defend302 t18161030-31-punish156"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 30.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-31-verdict157" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-verdict157" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-31-person345"> PETER KELLEY
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person345" type="surname" value="KELLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person345" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-31-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t18161030-31-verdict158" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-verdict158" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 64.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-31-punish159" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-31-punish159" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-31-defend311 t18161030-31-punish159"/> Transported for Fourteen Years </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32" type="date" value="18161030"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18161030-32-off160-c283" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-32-defend347 t18161030-32-off160 t18161030-32-verdict162"/>
<persName id="t18161030-32-defend347" type="defendantName">JAMES DUNPHY
<interp inst="t18161030-32-defend347" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-defend347" type="age" value="23"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18161030-32-off160" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-32-off160" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-off160" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18161030-32-cd161" type="crimeDate">25th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-32-off160 t18161030-32-cd161"/>, twenty pounds weight of lead, value 3s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18161030-32-victim349" type="victimName"> Mary Luffnell
<interp inst="t18161030-32-victim349" type="surname" value="Luffnell"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-victim349" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-victim349" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-32-off160 t18161030-32-victim349"/> </persName> , deceased.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-32-person350"> THOMAS PALMER
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person350" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person350" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person350" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Morgan, No. 30, Percy-street. On the morning of the 26th of September, I saw that the kitchen roof of the house in question was stript of the lead. We got into the house, and in the passage found the very piece of lead which was cut from the roof, and which fitted to it, which we marked; the last witness, the constable, and I were altogether. The copper and fixtures were all gone. We watched, expecting the person who cut the lead would call for it; and on the 28th, in the morning, about six o'clock, we saw the prisoner at the bar on the roof of the kitchen, and we took him into custody with the lead in question; then we took him to the watchhouse.</p>
<persName id="t18161030-32-person351"> HENRY HOWARD
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person351" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person351" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person351" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18161030-32-person352"> WILLIAM SHEPHERD
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person352" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person352" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-32-person352" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Corroborated the account of the last witness.</p>
<p>(Property produced and sworn to.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-32-verdict162" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-32-verdict162" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 23.</p>
<rs id="t18161030-32-punish163" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18161030-32-punish163" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18161030-32-defend347 t18161030-32-punish163"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18161030-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-33" type="year" value="1816"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18161030"/>
<interp inst="t18161030-33" type="date" value="18161030"/