<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130001"/> THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS On the KING's Commission of the PEACE OYER AND TERMINER, AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, AND ALSO THE GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, HELD AT Justice-Hall, in the Old Bailey, On WEDNESDAY the 13th of MAY, 1812, and following Days;
<persName id="f18120513-1-person1"> CLAUDIUS STEPHEN HUNTER
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person1" type="surname" value="STEPHEN HUNTER"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person1" type="given" value="CLAUDIUS"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , LORD-MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person2"> JOB SIBLY
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person2" type="surname" value="SIBLY"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person2" type="given" value="JOB"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , No. 4, CARTHUSIAN-STREET, ALDERSGATE-STREET.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130002"/> THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS On the KING's Commission of the PEACE, OYER AND TERMINER, AND GAOL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<p>Before the Right-honourable
<persName id="f18120513-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> CLAUDIUS STEPHEN HUNTER
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person3" type="surname" value="STEPHEN HUNTER"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person3" type="given" value="CLAUDIUS"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Lord Mayor of the City of London; Right-hon. Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> James Mansfield
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person4" type="surname" value="Mansfield"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person4" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the Justices of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> Nash Grose
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person5" type="surname" value="Grose"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person5" type="given" value="Nash"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. one of the Justices of His Majesty's Court of King's Bench; Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> Robert Graham
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person6" type="surname" value="Graham"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person6" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. one of the Barons of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer:
<persName id="f18120513-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> Joshua Jonathan Smith
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person7" type="surname" value="Jonathan Smith"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person7" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq. Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> Richard Carr Glyn
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person8" type="surname" value="Carr Glyn"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person8" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart. Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> John Perring
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person9" type="surname" value="Perring"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person9" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart. Aldermen of the said City;
<persName id="f18120513-1-person10" type="judiciaryName"> John Silvester
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person10" type="surname" value="Silvester"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq. Recorder of the said City: Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person11" type="judiciaryName"> Charles Flower
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person11" type="surname" value="Flower"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person11" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart.
<persName id="f18120513-1-person12" type="judiciaryName"> William Domville
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person12" type="surname" value="Domville"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person12" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq. Sir
<persName id="f18120513-1-person13" type="judiciaryName"> William Plomer
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person13" type="surname" value="Plomer"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. Aldermen of the said City; and
<persName id="f18120513-1-person14" type="judiciaryName"> Newman Knowlys
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person14" type="surname" value="Knowlys"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person14" type="given" value="Newman"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq. Common-serjeant of the said City; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Barrett
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person15" type="surname" value="Barrett"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person16" type="jurorName"> John Lockett
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person16" type="surname" value="Lockett"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person16" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Ball
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person17" type="surname" value="Ball"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Thomas Watkins
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person18" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person18" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Richard Martin
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person19" type="surname" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person19" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Thomas Simpson
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person20" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person20" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Harrison
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person21" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person22" type="jurorName"> William Mason
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person22" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person22" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person23" type="jurorName"> John Ward
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person23" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person23" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person24" type="jurorName"> William James
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person24" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person24" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person25" type="jurorName"> James Cofter
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person25" type="surname" value="Cofter"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person25" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William Hutchinson
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person26" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person27" type="jurorName"> William Bigley
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person27" type="surname" value="Bigley"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person27" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Samuel Brown
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person28" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person28" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Ephraim Lee
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person29" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person29" type="given" value="Ephraim"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Daniel Hayward
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person30" type="surname" value="Hayward"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person30" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Richard Bates
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person31" type="surname" value="Bates"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person31" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Thomas Whittington
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person32" type="surname" value="Whittington"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person32" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person33" type="jurorName"> John Kennington
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person33" type="surname" value="Kennington"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Thomas Juggins
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person34" type="surname" value="Juggins"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person34" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person35" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Sheath
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person35" type="surname" value="Sheath"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person35" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Lee Waters
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person36" type="surname" value="Waters"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person36" type="given" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person37" type="jurorName"> William Trowers
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person37" type="surname" value="Trowers"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person37" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person38" type="jurorName"> William English
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person38" type="surname" value="English"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person38" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Charles Duckworth
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person39" type="surname" value="Duckworth"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person39" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person40" type="jurorName"> James Osborne
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person40" type="surname" value="Osborne"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person40" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person41" type="jurorName"> Andrew Beaton
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person41" type="surname" value="Beaton"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person41" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hall
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person42" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person42" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person43" type="jurorName"> James King
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person43" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person43" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person44" type="jurorName"> John Grimley
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person44" type="surname" value="Grimley"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person44" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person45" type="jurorName"> George Gaton
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person45" type="surname" value="Gaton"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person45" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person46" type="jurorName"> William Knight
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person46" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person46" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person47" type="jurorName"> Eleazer Booker
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person47" type="surname" value="Booker"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person47" type="given" value="Eleazer"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person48" type="jurorName"> William Smith
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person48" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person48" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person49" type="jurorName"> Samuel Clerk
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person49" type="surname" value="Clerk"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person49" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18120513-1-person50" type="jurorName"> Edward Stamford
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person50" type="surname" value="Stamford"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person50" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f18120513-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130003"/> 430.
<persName id="t18120513-1-defend52" type="defendantName"> PATRICK LONG
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<interp inst="t18120513-1-defend52" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-defend52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-defend52" type="age" value="32"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-1-off1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18120513-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">13th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-1-off1 t18120513-1-cd2"/>, twenty pounds weight of soap, value 14 s. and one hundred pounds weight of barilla, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-1-victim54" type="victimName"> Richard Jones
<interp inst="t18120513-1-victim54" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-victim54" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-victim54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18120513-1-victim56" type="victimName"> William Richards
<interp inst="t18120513-1-victim56" type="surname" value="Richards"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-victim56" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-victim56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-1-person57"> RICHARD JONES Q. Who
<interp inst="t18120513-1-person57" type="surname" value="JONES Q. Who"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-person57" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is your partner - A.
<persName id="t18120513-1-person58"> William Richards
<interp inst="t18120513-1-person58" type="surname" value="Richards"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-person58" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-1-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , we are
<rs id="t18120513-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">soap manufacturer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-1-victim54 t18120513-1-viclabel3"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-1-victim56 t18120513-1-viclabel3"/>s, in
<placeName id="t18120513-1-crimeloc4">Hackney road, Shoreditch</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-1-off1 t18120513-1-crimeloc4"/>. The prisoner was one of our
<rs id="t18120513-1-deflabel5" type="occupation">labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-1-defend52 t18120513-1-deflabel5"/>s, he used to work in our manufactory, he had eighteen shillings a week. We were suspicious that we were losing a quantity of soap and barrilla until the apprehension of the prisoner. On the 13th of April I went into the barilla room, and found the prisoners coat upon an empty cask in the barilla room, I searched his pockets, there was a great deal of barilla dust between the lining of the coat and the outside, which was made as a large pocket; and there was also soap plastered inside that pocket. I then ordered my clerk, Mr. M'Clerc, to watch the prisoner, and I went to Worship-street for an officer. I returned with the officer. I saw the prisoner coming out of the manufactory; I pointed him out to the officer, and desired the officer to take the prisoner. The officer took the prisoner; we brought him into the accompting-house, we searched the prisoner there, and took from him a quantity of soap, twelve pounds of soap, from the flap part of his breeches. I gave the prisoner into the custody of the officer. The officer took the prisoner to Worship-street office. We went with the prisoner to the prisoner's lodgings, we there found three cakes of yellow soap, weighing eight pounds, value five shillings, and a hundred weight of barilla on the stair-case, facing the room door. When we were searching the prisoner's room, he said it was the first time, he hoped we would forgive him. I told him it was not in my power to do it. This is the barilla and the soap. We afterwards found about half a hundred weight of barilla concealed behind the cask where the prisoner's coat was.</p>
<p>- ARMSTRONG. I am an officer. This is the parcel of soap he had in his breeches, it weighs twelve pounds.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I kept a shop in Grub-street, and previous to my going to work for Mr. Jones I sold all my things except the soap.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-1-verdict6" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-1-verdict6" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 32.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-2-defend60" type="defendantName"> RICHARD BEARD
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<interp inst="t18120513-2-defend60" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-defend60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18120513-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18120513-2-victim62" type="victimName"> William Johnson
<interp inst="t18120513-2-victim62" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-victim62" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-victim62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-2-off7 t18120513-2-victim62"/> </persName> , about the hour of ten on the night of the
<rs id="t18120513-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">25th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-2-off7 t18120513-2-cd8"/>, and burglariously stealing therein, two knives, value 18 d. and two forks, value 1 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-2-person63"> William Johnson
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person63" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person63" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-2-person64"> WILLIAM JOHNSON
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person64" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Are you a house-keeper - A. Yes, I live at 46,
<placeName id="t18120513-2-crimeloc9">High-street, Shoreditch, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-crimeloc9" type="placeName" value="High-street, Shoreditch, in the parish of St. Leonard, Shoreditch"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-crimeloc9" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-2-off7 t18120513-2-crimeloc9"/>. I am a working
<rs id="t18120513-2-viclabel10" type="occupation">cutler</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-2-victim62 t18120513-2-viclabel10"/>, my shop window was broken at the corner.</p>
<p>Q. Who was the last person in your house the night before? Who fastened your house - A. My own son. This was done before the shop was shut up. On taking the window-shutters down, the window was found broken, the knives were near tumbling out; on which my son ran up stairs to me, and said, there must have been some knives taken out of the window on Saturday evening.</p>
<p>Q. Your son alarmed you - A. Yes, about seven o'clock on the Monday morning.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know when it was broken open - A. It appears that it must have been about half past eight on Saturday night.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it was Saturday night - A. Because if the window had been broken it must have been seen by people passing the shop.</p>
<p>Q. That is your argument. The window was not discovered to be broken on Saturday - A. We know no further than we suppose it was done on Saturday.</p>
<p>Q. I must not have suspicion alone. We cannot affect a fellow creature's life upon supposition - A. I cannot swear when it was done. The first time it was discovered was on the Monday morning following.</p>
<p>Q. Did any thin lead to the detection of the prisoner - A. Mere chance, I made no alarm about it.</p>
<p>Q. You saw nobody break your window, nor did you miss the knives untill Monday morning - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. All you know, is, you found your shop-window broken on Monday morning, before breakfast - A. Yes, and afterwards a constable called upon me.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-2-person65"> JOHN NORWICH
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person65" type="surname" value="NORWICH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person65" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-2-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable of Spital-fields. On Saturday night, the 25th of April, I was returning home, near eleven o'clock at night, saw three boys running, I had suspision that they had been after no good, I ran after them, and laid hold of the prisoner at the bar; as I laid hold of him, two knives dropped from underneath his jacket. I picked up the knives, and asked him where he got them, he said he knew nothing about them. I was going to take him away to the watchhouse, I discovered some forks laying where I took up the knives. I picked up the two forks, I took the prisoner to the watch-house and searched him, I found two pence in halfpence upon him, and a metal broach. I questioned the prisoner at the watchhouse, where he got the knives and forks; he said he found them upon the stairs.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say what stairs - A. In the house where one Arnold lived, he said he went to look after Arnold's boy to get him to come down and play with him.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know at all where these knives and forks came from, except from what he told you - A. No. I went to Mr. Johnson's house on the Monday morning, I did not take the prisoner with me. These are the knives.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The knives and forks are my property.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I found them knives and forks.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130004"/> 432.
<persName id="t18120513-3-defend67" type="defendantName"> HYMAN FRANKS
<interp inst="t18120513-3-defend67" type="surname" value="FRANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-defend67" type="given" value="HYMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-defend67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-defend67" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-3-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-3-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-3-cd13" type="crimeDate">8th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-3-off12 t18120513-3-cd13"/>, seven hats, value 12 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-3-victim69" type="victimName"> Richard Smith
<interp inst="t18120513-3-victim69" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-victim69" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-victim69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-3-off12 t18120513-3-victim69"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-3-person70"> RICHARD SMITH
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person70" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person70" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18120513-3-viclabel14" type="occupation">hatter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-3-victim69 t18120513-3-viclabel14"/>; I keep a shop, No. 40,
<placeName id="t18120513-3-crimeloc15">High-street, in the parish of St. Paul's, Shadwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="High-street, in the parish of St. Paul's, Shadwell"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-3-off12 t18120513-3-crimeloc15"/>.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Shelton. How is it in the indictment - A. It is in the parish of St. George in the indictment.</p>
<p>COURT. Then there is an end of the capital part.</p>
<p>Smith. I keep a hatters shop.</p>
<p>Q. Were you in the shop on the 8th of May - A. Yes, I was in the shop on that day at five o'clock in the evening; I left the shop at that time, I returned home at ten o'clock at night; the shop was shut up and I went to bed; in the morning I was informed that previous to my coming home the shop had been robbed, and I found there had been thirty hats missing the next morning.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-3-person71"> GEORGE ORDLEY
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person71" type="surname" value="ORDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person71" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the patrol. On Thursday night, the 7th of May, about half past nine, I was going on to patrol, I heard a shop in my beat had lost two hats.</p>
<p>Q. What, Mr. Smith's shop - A. No, another in St. George's parish, and in going round my beat I met the prisoner with some hats under his arm; I asked him what he had got; he did not tell me; I said, you have got hats; I told him there had been some hats stolen that night, I must take him to the shop, and see if them were the hats that they had lost; he said he would go with me, he had them of one Mr. Franks. In walking along with me he tried to make his escape, I ran after him, and stopped him, and took him and the hats that he had with him to Mr. Sheppard, who had lost two hats; Mr. Sheppard said they were neither of them his.</p>
<p>Q. How many hats were there - A. Seven. Then I took him to the watchhouse, and gave charge of him, and left the hats at the watchhouse till the morning in the charge of Mr. Jackson, the beadle. I am sure the prisoner is the man.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-3-person72"> THOMAS JACKSON
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person72" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person72" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was the beadle of the night. On Thursday last Ordley brought the prisoner into the watchhouse about ten minutes before ten; he brought seven hats with him, I kept the prisoner in custody till the next morning; I took the prisoner and the hats before the magistrate; Mr. Smith came forward the next day and claimed the hats. The prisoner said that a boy went into the shop, took the hats, and gave them him to carry. The hats have been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. They are all my hats; I know them by the finishing of them.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I was never in a court before my life; I was never out after ten o'clock at night, and nothing of this kind ever happened to me before.</p>
<p>GUILTY, aged 17,</p>
<rs id="t18120513-3-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-3-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-3-verdict16" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Of simple larceny </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-4-defend74" type="defendantName"> JOHN BUNN
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<interp inst="t18120513-4-defend74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-defend74" type="age" value="28"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-4-off17" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-4-off17" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-off17" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-4-cd18" type="crimeDate">23d of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-4-off17 t18120513-4-cd18"/>, a watch, value 5 l. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-4-victim76" type="victimName"> Thomas Johnson
<interp inst="t18120513-4-victim76" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-victim76" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-victim76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-4-off17 t18120513-4-victim76"/> </persName> , from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-4-person77"> THOMAS JOHNSON
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person77" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person77" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in the Old Jewry, Cheapside. On the morning of the 23d of April, about half past two o'clock, I was coming home, the prisoner met me and my friend as we were entering the arch of
<placeName id="t18120513-4-crimeloc19">Temple Bar</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-crimeloc19" type="placeName" value="Temple Bar"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-4-off17 t18120513-4-crimeloc19"/>, on the foot path; the prisoner came right in front of us, I was arm-in-arm with my friend,
<persName id="t18120513-4-person78"> John Brown
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person78" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person78" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the prisoner, when he was going to get past me I saw his hand coming before me, he seized hold of my seals and chain, and rapidly pulled my watch right up, and took it over my shoulder.</p>
<p>Q. Took it over your shoulder, do you say - A. Yes. In consequence of the watch glass being broke I had turned the face of the watch downwards to secure the hands, the outer case fell on the pavement; I said to my friend, stop; and loosened my arm, and said, this man has taken my watch; I saw it in his hand, and I saw the watch go away; I saw it come out of my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. The case fell upon the pavement - A. Yes. I turned sharp round, I saw the prisoner going away with the watch in his hand, I pursued him, and I catched him by the skirts of coat, his coat gave way; I halloaed out, and the patrol was coming up to assist me, and as he came to me the watch I saw it in some person's hand, whose hand it was I cannot say, and as soon as I seized the watch it came into my hand.</p>
<p>Q. In whose hand was the watch, was it in the prisoner's hand - A. I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that the person that moved his hand towards you was the prisoner - A. I never lost sight of him.</p>
<p>Q. Will you take upon you to swear positively that the person you met, and who took your watch, was the prisoner - A. There was no other in the way.</p>
<p>Q. You got your watch did you - A. Yes, and I returned and found the case, and picked it up myself.</p>
<p>Q. You say the prisoner got away from you - A. He got away from me; he was taken at a little distance on the Westminster side, the contrary way I was going; he was seized by
<persName id="t18120513-4-person79"> James Pearson
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person79" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person79" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. How long was it after you saw him - A. Not a minute.</p>
<p>Q. You are sure the person that was taken and brought back was the person that took your watch - A. That was the person that took my watch.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body with the prisoner - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-4-person80"> JAMES PEARSON
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person80" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person80" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a patrol of St. Clements Danes. There were four of us patrols standing together on the opposite side of the way, it was a moonlight morning, we could distinguish the other side of the way well.</p>
<p>Q. What day was it - A. The 23d of April. We were standing in conversation, there had been no person pass through the bar for near ten minutes; we observed Johnson and his friend attempt to go through, as soon as they entered under the arch way on the foot path I heard some one exclaim, my watch is gone, or something similar to that; I ran across the way, and the prisoner, John Brown, had gone about twenty yards from where the fact was committed. I took hold of him, and three of the patrols with me assisted
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130005"/> in taking him to the watchhouse. I fetched Mr. Johnson back to go to the watchhouse to give charge; Johnson said he had lost his watch.</p>
<p>Q. You seized the prisoner - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. In his hearing did Johnson state that he was the person that took it - A. Yes, he did; the prisoner said he was innocent of it, he was willing to go to the watchhouse.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-4-person81"> JOHN BROWN
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person81" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-4-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Were you walking with the prosecutor on the evening they have been talking of near Temple Bar - A. Yes, it was the 23d of April, about half past two in the morning, Johnson and me were walking arm in arm conversing together on; entering the arch of Temple Bar, Johnson said, stop, I have lost my watch; he put his hand to his pocket, and felt for it; he said, it is gone, that man has taken it; I heard something drop at the time; he immediately ran after him; I stopped at the corner of the bar until the prisoner was seized at a little distance.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the person that was seized was the person that met Mr. Johnson, and you - A. I am certain of it; Mr. Johnson came back after the prisoner was seized, and looked round and found the watch-case.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I have only to say I was passing by at that time, Mr. Johnson said, I had taken his watch, he laid hold of me, I said I had not, neither did I. I knew nothing of him or his watch.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-4-verdict20" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-4-verdict20" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 28.</p>
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<interp inst="t18120513-4-punish21" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-4-defend74 t18120513-4-punish21"/> Transported for Life </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-5-defend83" type="defendantName"> JOHN BELLINGHAM
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<interp inst="t18120513-5-defend83" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-defend83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for the
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<interp inst="t18120513-5-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of the
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-5-victim85 t18120513-5-viclabel23"/>
<persName id="t18120513-5-victim85" type="victimName"> Spencer Perceval
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-5-off22 t18120513-5-victim85"/> </persName> </rs>, and also stood charged upon the coroner's inquisition.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person86" type="jurorName"> Ephraim Lee
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person86" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person86" type="given" value="Ephraim"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person87" type="jurorName"> Thomas Whittington
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person87" type="surname" value="Whittington"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person87" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person88" type="jurorName"> Thomas Juggins
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person88" type="surname" value="Juggins"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person88" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person89" type="jurorName"> William English
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person89" type="surname" value="English"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person89" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person90" type="jurorName"> James Osborne
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person90" type="surname" value="Osborne"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person90" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person91" type="jurorName"> John Bellas
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person91" type="surname" value="Bellas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person91" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person92" type="jurorName"> Daniel Hayward
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person92" type="surname" value="Hayward"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person92" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person93" type="jurorName"> John Kennington
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person93" type="surname" value="Kennington"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person93" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person94" type="jurorName"> Lee Waters
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person94" type="surname" value="Waters"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person94" type="given" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person95" type="jurorName"> Charles Russell
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person95" type="surname" value="Russell"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person95" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person96" type="jurorName"> James King
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person96" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person96" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person97" type="jurorName"> George Gaton
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person97" type="surname" value="Gaton"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person97" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The case was stated by Mr. Attorney General.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person98"> WILLIAM SMITH
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person98" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , ESQ. Q. You are a member in the present Commons House of Parliament - A. Yes. On the 11th of this month (last Monday) I was going through the lobby towards the door of the
<placeName id="t18120513-5-crimeloc24">House of Commons</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-crimeloc24" type="placeName" value="House of Commons"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-crimeloc24" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-5-off22 t18120513-5-crimeloc24"/>. As I was passing through the lobby, I stopped to speak to a gentleman whom I met with there; while in conversation with that gentleman I heard the report of a pistol, which appeared to have been fired close by the entrance of the door of the lobby.</p>
<p>Q. By that door, do you mean the door by which members coming from their residences get into the house - A. Yes, the first door of the lobby. This appeared to have been fired from that door; immediately upon hearing the report I turned my head towards the place from whence the noise appeared to have proceeded, and observed a tumult, and probably a dozen or more persons gathering about the spot, almost at the same instant a person rushed hastily from among the crowd, and several voices cried out shut the door, and let no one escape. The person who came from among the crowd came towards me, looking first one way and then another, and as I thought at the moment rather like one seeking for shelter, than as the person who had received the wound, but taking two or three steps towards me, as he approached he rather reeled by me, and almost instantly fell upon the floor, with his face downwards. Before he fell I heard a cry not very distinctly, what appeared to come from him, in which were the words, murder, or something very much like that. When he first fell I thought he might be slightly wounded, and expected to see him make an effort to rise, but gazing at him a few moments, I observed that he did not stir at all; I therefore immediately stooped down to raise him from the ground, requesting the assistance of a gentleman who stood close by me for that purpose. As soon as we had turned his face towards us, and not till then, I perceived it was Mr. Perceval. We then took him in our arms, the other gentleman on his left side, and I on his right. We carried him into the office of the speaker's secretary, and ourselves on a table there with Mr. Perceval between us also sitting on the table, resting in our at that time completely pale, the small quantity from each corner of its month, and as I then thought probably not more than two minutes had elapsed since the pistol had been fired there were not scarcely any signs of life remaining; his eyes were still open. but he did not appear to know me, nor take any notice of any person that came about him, nor had he uttered the least articulate sound from the moment that he fell. A few convulsive sobs, which lasted three or four minutes, together with scarcely a perceptible pulse, were the only signs of life remaining, and this continued but for a short time longer, and when I felt his wrist for the last time assisted by Mr. Lynn a surgeon, who had arrived, it appeared to me that he was totally dead; I remained in the same situation with the body till we carried it into the speaker's house. I am incapable of giving any account of whatever passed afterwards in the lobby respecting the detension or conduct of the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Had you afterwards any opportunity of seeing where Mr. Perceval was wounded - A. Mr. Perceval still remained on my arm when Mr. Lynn examined the wound; he came into the room, and examined the wound while we remained in the same posture. The body not having been moved at all; I saw the wound from which but little blood appeared to have issued.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the wound - A. The wound was very near the nipple of the left breast, a little above it and within it; the orifice appeared to me to be large for a pistol ball, and when Mr. Lynn probed it; it seemed clearly that the ball had slaunted downwards, but it appeared clearly that the ball had penetrated the cavity of the breast, for the probe did not touch it.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Perceval, I believe, was a person of low stature - A. Unquestionably.</p>
<p>Q. State the hour of the day that this happened - A. I recollect from various circumstances that it
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130006"/> must have been between five o'clock, and a quarter after.</p>
<p>Q. I know you have been long a member of that place, is that about the time that Mr. Perceval, in his public situation, would come to the house - A. It is about the time that Mr. Perceval, in his public situation would come, and about that time he was constantly expected, and nearer to that time than any other.</p>
<p>Q. Was the gentleman that assisted of the name of Phillips - A. I believe it was.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person99"> WILLIAM LYNN
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person99" type="surname" value="LYNN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person99" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. I believe you are a surgeon residing in Great George-street, Westminster - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Were you sent for, and did you go to the House of Commons on Monday the 11th instant - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. What time in the afternoon - A. About a quarter past five in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. What part of the House of Commons, or about it did you go to - A. I went through the lobby into the passage to the speaker's secretary's room.</p>
<p>Q. When you got there what did you see - A. I saw Mr. Perceval lay partly upon the table with his feet in two chairs one foot on each chair; I then saw some blood upon the white waistcoat and shirt; I turned it aside and saw an opening in the skin; I examined his pulse, he had no pulsation, and appeared quite dead.</p>
<p>Q. Did you probe the wound - A. I probed it, the probe passed three inches obliquely downwards and inwards, it being immediately over the heart, about the further rib: I had no doubt that the ball had passed into the heart, if not through it. It was a large pistol ball apparently.</p>
<p>Q. Could you from the appearance judge, sir, that that was the cause of his death - A. I have no doubt of that.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person100"> HENRY BURGESS
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person100" type="surname" value="BURGESS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person100" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are a solicitor - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. In the afternoon of Monday were you in the lobby of the House of Commons - A. I was.</p>
<p>Q. A little after five o'clock did you hear the report of a pistol - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. From what part of the lobby did that report proceed from - A. From the entrance.</p>
<p>Q. What did you observe next after the report of the pistol - A. I saw a person coming forwards along the lobby from the entrance towards the House, staggering, and just before he came to the pillars next the door I saw him put his hand to his breast, or nigh his breast, he said, oh, faintly, and fell forwards on his face; I heard some people say, that is the man, and I saw a man pointing towards a bench by the side of the fire place, at the side of the lobby. I immediately at the same instant went to the bench, I saw the prisoner sitting on the bench in great agitation, I looked at both hands, and saw his left hand on the bench, and in his hand, or under his hand I saw the pistol, I immediately took the pistol in my hand and asked him what could have induced him to do such a thing, or act; he replied, want of redress of grievance, and refusal by government; it was to that effect, I do not say these were the exact words; I said, you have another pistol in your pocket; he replied, yes; I asked him if it was loaded; he said, yes; I saw some person take it from the left side of the prisoner's person about the coat or breeches.</p>
<p>Q. When you took hold of the first pistol which you found in his hand, or under his hand in what condition was it - A. It was warm, it had the appearance of having been recently discharged; I have the pistol here, this is it.</p>
<p>Q. Is it a large or a small bore to the pistol - A. I thought it was a very large bore. When he told me that the other pistol was loaded, I immediately put my hand into his right waistcoat pocket, and took out a pen-knife and a pencil, and a bunch of keys, and some money; at the same time I saw the pistol taken from him, and a bundle of papers.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner detained in custody - A. He was.</p>
<p>Q. Was he examined shortly afterwards - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was he taken up stairs in order, with other witnesses to be examined before the magistrate - A. He was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you before the magistrate in the presence of the prisoner relate the facts which you have today related - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. When you had concluded your narrative did he make any observation up it - A. He did, he said as nigh as I can recollect, I wish to correct Mr. Burgess's statement in one part, but I believe he is perfectly correct in any other; instead of my hand, as Mr. Burgess has stated, being on or near the pistol, I think he took it from my hand, or out of my hand; I do not know whether he said from my hand or out of my hand.</p>
<p>Q. Did he make any other observation upon your evidence - A. He did not.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. I take it for granted you have stated every thing that occurred - A. No, I cannot recollect every thing that he stated; I have recollected every thing of importance.</p>
<p>Q. He said he had been ill used, and when you asked him why he did it, that is the reason he gave you, mere want of redress of grievance on the part of government - A. Redress of grievance, and a refusal by government.</p>
<p>Q. That is all he said to you - A. No; he said, I will relate to you why I did it.</p>
<p>Q. And when you asked him why he did it that is the reason he gave you - A. That is nearly the reason.</p>
<p>Q. He did not state any personal resentment to Mr. Perceval - A. He did not.</p>
<p>Q. There were a great many persons in the lobby - A. Not a great many, not more than twenty.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean at the time the pistol was fired - A. I do. I do not think there were twenty at the time the pistol was fired.</p>
<p>Q. There was an order given to shut the door of the lobby, had that order been given before or after your conversation - A. I will not pretend to say; I heard the order given.</p>
<p>Q. You say the man was very much agitated - A. Very much.</p>
<p>Q. Might not he have absconded after he had fired the pistol, before the door had been ordered to be shut - A. I will not say.</p>
<p>Mr. Gurney. How long did that agitation continue - A. He was extremely agitated the whole time
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130007"/> I was with him, afterwards, up stairs, he appeared perfectly calm and collected.</p>
<p>Q. With respect to the possibility of escape from the firing of the pistol must the prisoner have been within the lobby or without - A. I don't know, I should suppose there is no doubt he was in the lobby, I have no doubt he was in the lobby in my own mind.</p>
<p>Q. I believe down three steps from the door of the lobby there is an officer stationed - A. Two steps from the lobby.</p>
<p>Q. And then four or five steps down there is an officer - A. There are persons belonging to the house stationed.</p>
<p>Q. At the bottom of these four steps there are two persons stationed, are there not - A. I generally see one, sometimes there are two, I generally see one.</p>
<p>Q. Could any person go out of the lobby without going close by that person - A. He must have gone within a yard of him or less.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person101"> ISAAC GASCOYNE
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person101" type="surname" value="GASCOYNE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person101" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. I believe you are a member of the House of Commons - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Were you in one of the committee rooms in the afternoon of Monday last the 11th inst. - A. About five o'clock on Monday last I went to the House with a petition, to let Mr. Perceval see it by his own desire, previous to that petition being presented to the House. Before five o'clock the House resolved itself into a committee of the whole House, to proceed further respecting the Order of Council. Mr. Perceval then not being come down to the House, I postponed, till his arrival, presenting that petition, and went up stairs into the committee room, close by the ballustrades which look down into the lobby, the door open towards that ballustrade, it was merely the same thing as to hearing, as to being in the lobby of the House. I heard the loud report of a pistol shot, and almost instantaneously the cry of close the door. I rushed down stairs, through the House into the lobby; the door facing of the ballustrade was open. The moment I came into the lobby, I saw a crowd collected about some individual whom I could not see, and to whom the attention of almost every person was directed, I mean the generality; a person near me, whom I should not know if I were to see him, immediately said, that is the man that fired the pistol, pointing to
<persName id="t18120513-5-person102"> John Bellingham
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person102" type="surname" value="Bellingham"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person102" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who stands there, whose person I well knew, and whose name I was acquainted with; I flew towards him, he was then sitting with one or two others upon the bench, at the right hand side of the fire-place of the lobby, supposing your back turned towards that fire.</p>
<p>Q. Between the fire-place and the entrance door of the lobby - A. Just so. I seized him by the breast, I think, and as he lifted up his hand, it appeared to me that a pistol was in that hand, either cocked, or upon the half cock, it appeared to me cocked. The The first impression in my mind was, that it was to be used against himself. I saw the pistol in his hand grasped, I therefore kept down his arm with all my strength, and a person, whom I believe to be the last witness, Mr. Burgess, whom I then did not know, took that pistol from under his hand, his hand being so held that there was little or no resistance from him. I heard that person ask him whether he had another pistol, I heard his reply - that he had; I proceeded to search for it, there were then others searching him. I put my hand into his coat pocket, I think one of the inside pockets, I had my hand in several of his pockets, I pulled out a bundle of papers, tied together with red tape; the pressure was great at that moment, I found myself closely pressed at that time, I was fearful of losing these papers and of losing the prisoner. I held up the papers, and Mr. Hume, a member of the House of Commons, took the papers out of my hand, with my consent; it appeared to me at that time, as it were the prisoner was dragged from my hold, I have no doubt now but it was the effect of persons to secure him; at that time I thought it was to drag him out of the lobby. I fastened both my hands upon him, told him he could not escape, that I knew him well, and that I would not lose sight of him, he said he had submitted, as if it were not to use him ill, I believe he rather complained of my using his arm rather roughly, he said that he had submitted, that he was the person that fired the shot; some other questions were asked, but I cannot now distinctly speak to them, nor to the answers, but with the assistance of other she was dragged into the body of the house and placed at the bar, in the custody of the two messengers. I mentioned to him his name, which he admitted.</p>
<p>Q. From the body of the house he was taken to another place where he and you were examined - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You were examined, and that examination took place in his presence - A. It did.</p>
<p>Q. After you had made your deposition did the prisoner make any remark upon it - A. Something to this effect: General
<persName id="t18120513-5-person103">Gascoyne</persName> is too correct for me to question what he has said. He must have been less agitated than I was; he complained of the violence to his arm.</p>
<p>Q. When you first laid hold of him did he appear to be in a state of agitation - A. He certainly appeared to be in a state of agitation, as any man, would be, guilty of a crime, in a perspiration.</p>
<p>Q. Did he appear to have recovered from that agitation after your deposition was over - A. Completely composed, as I had known him before this occurrence happened.</p>
<p>Q. You stated that you knew him, how lately before had you seen him - A. The precise day I cannot mention, I can recollect some time in April, I saw him and conversed with him at my own house at Liverpool.</p>
<p>Q. You represent Liverpool - A. I do. He left his name the day before, saying he would call on the morrow; and when he came, I sent word with my servant to let him in, he came by my appointment.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person104"> JAMES TAYLOR
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person104" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person104" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Where do you live - A. No. 11, North Place, Gray's-inn-lane.</p>
<p>Q. Is that in the neighbourhood of Millman-street - A. Very near it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar - A. I do know him.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known him - A. Ever since the 5th of last March.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130008"/> Q. What business do you follow - A. The profession of a taylor.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever been employed in the way of your business by the prisoner - A. Only twice.</p>
<p>Q. When first - A. The first time that ever I saw Mr. Bellingham was on the 5th of March; he came into my shop as a chance customer.</p>
<p>Q. He came as a stranger - A. Yes, he gave me an order for a pair of pantaloons and a striped waistcoat. I made them and took them home myself, and he paid me for them.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you take them home to - A. No. 11, New Millman-street, in Guildford-street.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take them according to the directions that you received from the customer at the time of the order - A. Entirely so, he gave me the directions in my hand; he wrote his own address in my presence.</p>
<p>Q. You carried them home, and he paid you - A. Yes, he approved of them, and he paid me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you learn from him whether he kept the house, or was a lodger - A. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. How soon after you carried home this first article did you see the prisoner again - A. The next time was about the 25th of April, the other was on the 5th of March. On the 25th of April I met him in Guildford-street, he informed me that he had a small job to do, and if I would step back with him he would give it me immediately.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go back with him to the same house that you took the former articles - A. I did. When I got to the house he asked me into the parlour, he then went up stairs and brought me a dark coloured coat, he gave me directions to make him an inside pocket on the left side, so as he could get at it conveniently, he wished to have it a particular depth, he accordingly gave me a bit of paper about the length of nine inches.</p>
<p>Q. He gave you a bit of paper about nine inches in length, did he bring that from up stairs, or from what other place did he produce it - A. He brought it all down stairs together; I saw him go up stairs and come down; he brought the coat and the pattern paper.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you waited from the time that he asked you to sit down and wait for his coming down stairs - A. I suppose about ten minutes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you execute that order - A. I did, he was very particular to have it home that evening.</p>
<p>Q. Did you carry it home yourself - A. Yes, I delivered it to the maid-servant, I met him about six days ago in Gray's Inn-lane.</p>
<p>COURT. Did any thing pass between you and the prisoner when you met him in Gray's Inn-lane - A. Yes, I bowed to him, and he informed me that in the course of a few days hence he should have something for me to do; I never saw him from that till this morning.</p>
<p>A. Can you recollect what day this was - A. It was about six days before I heard of the death of Mr. Perceval.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person105"> JOHN NORRIS
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person105" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. I believe, sir, you have frequent occasions to attend in the gallery provided for strangers in the House of Commons - A. I have.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go down to the house for that purpose on Monday last - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. In passing to the stair case of that gallery do you necessarily go through the outer door of the house - A. Certainly.</p>
<p>Q. About what time did you arrive at that spot - A. About five o'clock, or from five to ten minutes past five at the outside. I arrived at the door of the lobby.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe any person who is now here standing near that door - A. I did, I observed the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Describe particularly where he stood - A. I observed him standing in the lobby, by the side of that part of the door that is generally closed.</p>
<p>Q. It is a double door, and the other part open for the members to go through into the lobby - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. There is one half closed and the other half opened - A. Yes, he stood at the lobby door, at that part which is generally closed.</p>
<p>Q. How near might that be to where a person must pass the avenue, who are members - A. Within an arms length. I observed him, as if watching for somebody that was coming; perhaps the impression is stronger on my mind now than it was then. I thought he appeared to be anxiously watching, and as my recollection serves me his right hand was within the breast of his coat in this way; I passed on to the stair case of the gallery.</p>
<p>Q. How soon after you had passed that door where the prisoner was that you described did you hear any noise - A. Almost as soon as I got on the top of the stairs that leads to the gallery for strangers there is a sort of an anti-lobby as you pass part of that gallery there, I had just got into the upper lobby.</p>
<p>Q. About twenty steps - A. Yes, about that. When I got up there I heard the report of a pistol, I immediately heard the general confusion, and somebody said Mr. Perceval was dead. Then I came down stairs.</p>
<p>Q. Are you certain that the prisoner was the person that you thus saw at that place - A. I am perfectly certain; I had frequently seen him before.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any private acquaintance with him - A. None; I had seen him in the gallery of the House of Commons, and about the passages of the House.</p>
<p>Q. That is the gallery if any person wishes to be present at the debates - A. It is.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person106"> JOHN VICKREY
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person106" type="surname" value="VICKREY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person106" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are an officer of Bow-street - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to the lodgings of the prisoner - A. I received a paper, desiring me to go to No. 9, New Millmann-street, it was last Monday.</p>
<p>Q. Did you search his lodging - A. I did, I found in a drawer up stairs in a bed-room, a pair of pistol bags, in the same drawer I found a small powder-flask, this pistol key, it fits the pistol exactly, and a quantity of letters and papers; and I found a mould and some balls. This ball fits the pistol exactly, and it was made in this mould I have no doubt.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person107"> VINCENT GEORGE DOWLING
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person107" type="surname" value="GEORGE DOWLING"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person107" type="given" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Were you in the lobby of the House of Commons on Monday last - A. I was in the gallery when I heard the pistol
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130009"/> discharged, I immediately rushed into the lobby.</p>
<p>Q. Did you there see the prisoner at the bar - A. I did; I took from his small clothes pocket, on the left hand side, this pistol.</p>
<p>Q. Did you keep it in your possession until it was examined to see whether it was loaded - A. I examined it myself almost immediately after I took the prisoner, it was loaded with powder and ball that is now in it. It was primed as well as loaded. This ball fits one pistol as well as the other.</p>
<p>Q. Are the pistols a pair - A. They are; they bear the same maker's name.</p>
<p>Q. Had you seen the prisoner ever before - A. Several times. I had seen him several times in galleries in the House of Commons, and the avenues leading to it.</p>
<p>Q. According to your best recollection about how long is it ago since you have seen him - A. About a week or six days back, from my seeing him last Monday.</p>
<p>Q. I apprehend you are frequently in the galleries during the debates - A. Frequently; on one occasion I sat immediately next to him, while the House was in debate; I sat next to him about half an hour; I cannot say the precise time; there was a sort of general conversation between him and myself, and some other person that was sitting near me.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person108"> JOHN ADDISON NEWMAN
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person108" type="surname" value="ADDISON NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person108" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are the keeper of Newgate - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. The prisoner was brought into your custody after he was apprehended on Monday last - A. He was. I have a coat I was desired to produce.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the coat that he wore at the time he came into your custody - A. I believe so; the prisoner has been wearing this coat till yesterday, I believe. It was delivered to me by Bowman, the man that came in with him.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person109"> GEORGE BOWMAN
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person109" type="surname" value="BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person109" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are an assistant to Mr. Newman, are not you - A. I am employed occasionally.</p>
<p>Q. Then you are an assistant. Did you deliver any coat to Mr. Newman - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see it delivered to him - A. I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see that coat before - A. I saw it in a room adjoining the chapel, the present prisoner occupied that room.</p>
<p>Q. The prisoner has been confined in that room since Monday last - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Have you been frequently in that room while the prisoner was there - A. I was there on Tuesday evening last between eight and nine o'clock, and I remained there until eight or nine o'clock the following evening.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of this coat which is now produced - A. I was in the room when the prisoner acknowledged this coat to be his coat; he said that in the scuffle at the lobby in the House of Commons the coat was torn, and that he wished to have it mended, it had been torn by some person endeavouring to take the papers from his pocket; he wished to have a taylor to mend the coat; there was a man in the chapel-yard in the room under the prisoner's room, that was a taylor, and the coat was lowered down to him by a string to the window to be mended.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the coat - A. It is the coat.</p>
<p>Q. to
<persName id="t18120513-5-person110"> James Taylor
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person110" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person110" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Look at that coat of the prisoner's, do you know the coat - A. Yes, sir, that is the same coat that I put the pocket in it, and this is the pocket I made in consequence of his pattern.</p>
<p>Q. to General Gascoyne. Do you know the Christian name of the late Mr. Perceval - A. His Christian name was Spencer.</p>
<p>COURT. Prisoner, the evidence being gone through on the part of the prosecution, now is the time for you to make any defence you have to offer or to produce any witnesses that you wish to be examined.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The documents and papers are necessary to my defence which were taken out of my pocket in the House of Commons, I beg to be indulged with them.</p>
<p>Mr. Attorney General. The papers must first be proved that they were taken from the prisoner, and when that is done they shall be returned.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person111"> JOSEPH HUME
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person111" type="surname" value="HUME"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person111" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are a member of the House of Commons - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe any papers taken from the prisoner - A. Yes. They have been in my possession ever since. They are the whole, there is none kept back; I took them out of the hand of General
<persName id="t18120513-5-person112">Gascoyne</persName> . I saw him take them from the prisoner.</p>
<p>General Gascoyne. I delivered them into Mr. Hume's hand, and he had all.</p>
<p>(The papers handed to the prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I feel great personal obligations to the learned Attorney General for the objections that he made to the defence set up by my counsel on account of insanity, it is far more fortunate for me that such a plea as that should be unfounded, and at the same time I am under the same obligation to my learned counsels for their zeal in my defence in setting up the plea that I am insane by the desire of my friends, or that I have been insane. I am not apprised of a single instance in Russia where my insanity was made public except in one single instance, when the pressure of my sufferings had exposed me to that imputation.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, I beg pardon. This is the first time I ever was in public in this kind of way, and you I am sure will look at the substance of what I say more than the manner of my offering it.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, As to the lamentable catastrophe for which I am now on my trial before this court, if I am the man that I am supposed to be, to go and deliberately shoot Mr. Perceval without malice, I should consider myself a monster, and not fit to live in this world or the next. The learned Attorney General has candidly stated to you, that till this fatal time of this catastrophe, which I heartily regret, no man more so, not even one of the family of Mr. Perceval. I had no personal or premeditated malice towards that gentleman; the unfortunate lot had fallen upon him as the leading member of that administration which had repeatedly refused me any reparation for the unparalled injuries I had sustained in Russia for eight years with the cognizance and sanction of the minister of the country at the court of St. Petersburg.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, I must begin to explain the origin of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130010"/> this unhappy affair, which took place in 1804. I was a
<rs id="t18120513-5-deflabel25" type="occupation">merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-5-defend83 t18120513-5-deflabel25"/> at Liverpool, in that year I went to Russia on some mercantile business of importance to myself, and having finished that business I was about to take my departure from Archangel for England; at that time a ship called the Soleure was lost in the White Sea: she was chartered for England, and by the direction of her owners insured at Lloyd's coffee-house, but the underwriters at Lloyd's refused to pay the owners for their loss. In consequence of some circumstances connected with this refusal, and the loss of the ship, they cast their suspicions at me, at the same time I had no concern in it whatever, I was about leaving the place; they writ up to Lloyd's coffee-house who had given the communication; I was seized as I was passing the Russian frontier by order of the military governor of Archangel, and thrown into prison; I immediately aplied to the British consul at Archangel, and through him to the British Ambassador, Lord
<persName id="t18120513-5-person113"> Granville Leveson Gower
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person113" type="surname" value="Leveson Gower"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person113" type="given" value="Granville"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , then at the Russian court, stating my case. Lord Gower wrote to the military governor of Archangel, desiring that if I was not detained for any legal cause I might be liberated as a British subject, but the governor answered, that I was detained in prison for a legal cause, and that I had conducted myself in a very indecorous manner. From this time Lord Gower and the British Consul positively declined any further interference in the business, and I was detained in durance for near two years, in spite of all my endeavours to induce the British Minister to interfere with the Emperor of Russia for an investigation of my case. At length, however, after being banded from prison to prison, and from dungeon to dungeon, fed on bread and water, treated with the utmost cruelty, and frequently marched through the streets under a military guard with felons and criminals of the most atrocious description, even before the residence of the British Minister, who might view from his window, this degrading severity towards a British subject who had committed no crime to the disgrace and insult of the British nation. I was afterwards enabled to make my case known through the Procureur - it was investigated, and he obtained a judgment against the military governour, and the senate. Notwithstanding this decision I was immediately sent to another prison, and a demand was made on me for two thousand rubles, alledged to be due by me to a Russian merchant who was a bankrupt. I refused to pay this demand for a debt which I did not owe, and the Senate, finding me determined to resist the demand, I was declared a bankrupt, and continued in prison under the pretence I had made answer that I could not pay it, because all my property was in England. No such answer was ever given by me; under this pretence I was detained in prison.</p>
<p>Gentlemen - It is a custom in Russia, that if a foreigner is declared a bankrupt, three months are allowed for all his creditors in Russia to make their claims, and eighteen months more for creditors resident in other parts of the world; but notwithstanding that, the three months had elapsed and not a single claimant appeared, although the Senate sent forth their clerks to enquire of all strangers who arrived, whether they had any demands against me. Still I was detained in prison, and sent from gaol to gaol, and I was finally handed over to the College of Commerce; the two thousand rubles were still demanded of me, and Lord Gower refused to interfere in the business, and the Consul told me I must pay the money. I was not destitute of the means of payment, but I resisted the claim, on account of its gross injustice. When the Marquis of Douglas arrived in Russia I made my case known to him, and said I only wished it to be shewn that the money was justly due, and I would pay it. The Marquis of Douglas made a representation, and stated, that it was only desired that the justice of the claim should be shewn and the money should be paid; this application was ineffectual, and I was still required to pay the two thousand rubles, or even twenty rubles, to acknowledge, in some degree, the justice of the demand; but I was aware if I had done this, I should justify the conduct of the Senate, and the military Governour of Archangel, against whom I had obtained a legal decision, with an acknowledgement that I had been unjustly treated. The necessary consequence would be, that for my supposed contumacy in bringing a false charge against the Senate and Governor, I should be sent to Siberia, I persisted in refusing to comply with the claims.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, All this while my wife, a young woman of only twenty years of age, with an infant at her breast, remained at St. Petersburg, in expectation of my arrival, and at length, in the eighth month of her pregnancy, disappointed of her hopes, was obliged to set out, unprotected, on her voyage to England. At last, after a series of six years persesution in the manner I have described, and after the repeated refusal of Lord Gower and the British Consul to represent my case to the Emperor, a circumstance occurred which proved, in a more particular degree the peculiar negligence which I had experienced. A captain Gardiner, of a Hull ship, arrived at Archangel, he had a little squabble with the commander of a guard ship about a demand of a few rubles for pilotage, and yet this man's complaint was represented to the Emperor four times within a month by the British ambassador, while, for a series of six years unparalleled persecution I was not able to obtain any interference on my behalf. At length the Senate, quite tired out by these severities, in 1809 I received, at midnight, a discharge from my confinement, with a pass, and an order to quit the Russian dominions, which was in fact an acknowledgment of the justice of my cause. On my return in England I laid a statement of my grievances before the Marquis Wellesley, accompanied by authentic documents, and claiming some redress for the injuries I had sustained through the British minister in Russia, which injuries it was impossible I should have suffered, if they had not been sanctioned by that minister. The noble Marquis is now in Court, and could contradict my statement if false, but I represent the circumstances as they really were, and not as personally concerning myself but as involving the honour of the British Government, I was referred by the Marquis to the Privy Council, and from the Privy Council to the Treasury; and thus baffled from one party to another,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130011"/> I applied to Mr. Perceval, during the session 1811, but received for answer, from his secretary, that the time for presenting private petitions was gone by, and that Mr. Perceval could not encourage my hopes, that he would recommend my claims to the House of Commons. I next memorialized his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, with a statement of my sufferings.</p>
<p>(Here the prisoner read a petition to the Prince Regent.)</p>
<p>Foreign Office, January 31, 1810.</p>
<p>"SIR, I am directed by the Marquis Wellesley to transmit to you the papers which you sent to this office, accompanied with your letter of the 27th of last month; and I am to inform you, that his Majesty's Government is precluded from interfering in the support of your cause in some measure by the circumstances of the case itself, and entirely so at the present moment by the suspension of intercourse with the Court of St. Petersburgh."</p>
<p>Council Office, Whitehall, May 16, 1810.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person114"> John Bellingham
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person114" type="surname" value="Bellingham"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person114" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>SIR, I am directed by the Lords of the Council to acquaint you that their Lordships have taken into consideration your petition on the subject of your arrest in Russia, do not find that it is a matter in which their Lordship's can interfere.</p>
<p>I am, Sir, your most obedient humble servant, W. FAWKENER."</p>
<p>Whitehall, 20th March, 1812.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person115"> John Bellingham
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person115" type="surname" value="Bellingham"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person115" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq.</p>
<p>"SIR, I am directed by Mr. Secretary Ryder to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 17th instant, requesting permission on the part of his Majesty's Ministers to present your petition to the House of Commons, and in reply I am to acquaint you, that you should address your application to the Right Honourable the Chancellor of the Exchequer.</p>
<p>I am, Sir, your most obedient servant, J. BECKETT."</p>
<p>Some time afterwards I received an answer from Colonel M'Mahon, stating, that by some accident my petition was mislaid. I then wrote another petitition to his Royal Highness, and I understood it was referred to the Treasury, as appeared by a letter I received from Mr. Ryder at Whitehall. Gentlemen - under these circumstances I was plunged into ruin, and involved in debt; and the learned Attorney General has admitted there was not a spot on my character until this fatal catastrophe, which when I reflect on it I could burst into a flood of tears. I was totally refused any redress. Gentlemen, what would be your feelings - what would be your alternative; as the affair was national, and as his Majesty's Ministers recommended me backwards and forwards from one to another. I wrote another petition to his Royal Highness, but was informed by a letter from Mr. Ryder, that his Royal Highness had not been pleased to give any commands on the subject.</p>
<p>Gentlemen. - As my petition was of a pecuniary nature I was informed by General Gascoyne, that it was impossible to come into the house without the consent of one of his Majesty's Ministers, for which I thank General Gascoyne for his politeness in giving me that information, and as I was very well known in Liverpool, I could have got the signatures of the whole town. I began to flatter myself I should get redress, but instead of redress, his Majesty's Ministers, and the Chancellor of the Exchequer told me I was not to expect any thing. I was obliged to give notice about six week since to the magistrates at the public office Bow-street, in a letter stating my grievances, intreating their interference, by application to Government, and adding, that if all redress was refused me, I must be obliged to do myself justice by taking such steps as those must be responsible for who resisted all my applications.</p>
<p>(Here the prisoner read a letter to Mr. Read, of Bow-street.)</p>
<p>To their Worships the Police Magistrates of the Public Office, Bow-street.</p>
<p>"SIRS, I much regret it being my lot to apply to your Worships under most peculiar and novel circumstances, for the particulars of the case I refer you to the enclosed letter from Mr. Secretary Ryder, the notification from Mr. Perceval, and my petition Parliament, together with the printed papers herewith. The affair requires no further remark, than that I consider his Majesty's Government to have completely closed the door of justice, in declining to have or even permit my grievances to be brought before Parliament for redress, which privilege is the birth-right of every individual. The purport of the present, is, therefore once more to solicit his Majesty's Ministers, through your medium, to let what is right and proper be done in my instance, which is all I require. Should this reasonable request be finally denied, I shall then feel myself justified in executing justice myself, in which case I shall be ready to argue the merits of so reluctant a measure with his Majesty's Attorney General, wherever and whenever I may be called upon so to do; in the hopes of averting so abhorrent but compulsive an alternative,</p>
<p>I have the honour to be, Sirs, Your very humble and obedient Servant.
<persName id="t18120513-5-person116"> JOHN BELLINGHAM
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person116" type="surname" value="BELLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ."</p>
<p>9, New Milman-street.</p>
<p>Whitehall, April 18, 1812.</p>
<p>"SIR, I am directed by Mr. Secretary Ryder to acknowledge the receipt of your letter of the 12th instant, requesting to be informed in what stage your claim on his Majesty's Government for criminal detention in Russia now is. In reply, I am to refer you to my several letters of the 18th of February, 9th and 20th of March, by which you have been already informed that your first petition to his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, praying for remuneration, had been refered to the Lords of the Council, that upon your second memorial, praying his Royal Highness to give orders that the subject should be brought before Parliament, his Royal Highness has not been pleased to signify any commands; and lastly, in answer to your application to Mr. Ryder, requesting permission on the part of his Majesty's Ministers to present your petition to the House of Commons, you were informed that your application should be addressed to the Right Honourable the Chancellor of the Exchequer.</p>
<p>I am, Sir, Your most obedient humble Servant, J. BECKITT."</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130012"/> I received an answer from Mr. justice Read, saying that the office could not interfere. But I found that Mr. Read as was his duty had represented the circumstance to government, and on a subsequent application to the Treasury I was informed that I had nothing to expect, and that I was at liberty to take such steps as I thought fit.</p>
<p>Finding myself thus bereft of all hopes of redress, my affairs ruined by my long imprisonment in Russia through the fault of the British minister, my property all dispersed for want of my own attention, my family driven into tribulation and want, my wife and child claiming support, which I was unable to give them, myself involved in difficulties, and pressed on all sides by claims I could not answer; and that justice refused to me which is the duty of government to give, not as a matter of favour, but of right; and Mr. Perceval obstinately refusing to sanction my claims in Parliament; and I trust this fatal catastrophe will be warning to other ministers. If they had listened to my case this court would not have been engaged in this case, but Mr. Perceval obstinately refusing to sanction my claim in Parliament I was driven to despair, and under these agonizing feelings I was impelled to that desperate alternative which I unfortunately adopted. My arm was the instrument that shot Mr. Perceval, but, gentlemen, ought I not to be redressed; instead of that Mr. Ryder referred me to the Treasury, and after several weeks the Treasury sent me to the Secretary of State's office; Mr. Hill informed me that it would be useless to apply to government any more; Mr. Beckitt added, Mr. Perceval has been consulted, he would not let my petition come forward.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person117">Gentlemen, A</persName> refusal of justice was the sole cause of this fatal catastrophe; his Majesty's ministers have now to reflect upon their conduct for what has happened. Lord Gower is now in court, I call on him to contradict, if he can, the statement I have made, and, gentlemen, if he does not, I hope you will then take my statement to be correct. Mr. Perceval has unfortunately fallen the victim of my desperate resolution. No man, I am sure, laments the calamitous event more than I do. If I had met Lord Gower he would have received the ball, and not Mr. Perceval. As to death, if it were to be suffered five hundred times, I should prefer it to the injuries and indignities which I have experienced in Russia, I should consider it as the wearied traveller does the inn which affords him an asylum for repose, but government, in the injustice they have done me, were infinitely more criminal than the wretch, who, for depriving the traveller of a few shillings on the highway, forfeits his life to the law. What is the comparison of this man's offence to government? or, gentlemen, what is my crime to the crime of government itself? It is no more than a mite to a mountain, unless it was proved that I had malice propense towards the unfortunate gentleman for whose death I am now upon my trial. I disclaim all personal or intentional malice against Mr. Perceval.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person118"> ANN BILLETT
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person118" type="surname" value="BILLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person118" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Where do you reside - A. At Ringwood, near Southampton.</p>
<p>Q. When did you arrive in London - A. Last night.</p>
<p>Q. What induced you to come to London - A. I thought I knew more of Mr. Bellingham than any other friend that would come forward. I have known him from his childhood.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he live latterly - A. In Liverpool.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know how long ago it is that he left Liverpool to come to London - A. I think that he came at Christmas.</p>
<p>Q. Does his wife and children now reside there - - A. Yes, they do.</p>
<p>Q. What situation of life has he been in - A. Something in the mercantile Liverpool business.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know his father - A. Yes, he died insane in Titchfield-street, Oxford-street; he died there in a state of insanity.</p>
<p>Mr. Attorney General. Do you know that of your own knowledge - A. Yes, and my knowing of it was a great inducement of bringing me to London, and within this last three or four years it is known to myself and Mr. Bellingham's friends that he has been in a state of perfect derangement with respect to this business he has been pursuing.</p>
<p>Q. Have you had an opportunity of seeing him in London lately - A. No, not lately; it is more than a twelvemonth ago that I saw him.</p>
<p>Q. At that time how was he - A. Deranged, when he spoke of this business.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know for what purpose he was in London at that time - A. Pursuing the same plan.</p>
<p>Q. Before that had you seen him at Liverpool - A. I saw him at Liverpool about a year and a half ago.</p>
<p>Q. In what state of mind was he at that time - A. He was in a deranged state when any thing of this was mentioned to him. I did not mention it to him because of the state of mind he was in.</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. This purpose of being in London a year ago was for the purpose of pursuing the same object, what do you mean by pursuing the same object - A. That of going to government for redress of grievances.</p>
<p>Q. And to use your own words in you own opinion you considered he was in a state of perfect derangement - A. Yes, I do. He has been more than three years in a state of derangement, and since he has been in London he has been pursuing the same plan, and for a long time before that. When he was in Russia when he was pursuing the same object as soon as he returned home all his friends were well convinced that was the case.</p>
<p>Q. I think you spoke of him as a married man - A. Yes, he has a wife, she carries on the millenery business at Liverpool.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose that he some male friends - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that he was engaged as a merchant - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any of the persons that he was engaged in business with - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Do not you know the name of any one person that he was in business with at Liverpool - A. No, not one. I was in the house with his family at Liverpool, I did not know any body that he was concerned in trade with. I was in the house more than a week. I would wish to mention one circumstance which strongly confirmed me in my opinion, and a strong mark of insanity. Two years ago last Christmas
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130013"/> he had been telling me of his great schemes that he had pursued, he said that he had realized more than an hundred thousand pounds, with which he intended to buy an estate in the west of England, and to take a house in London; I asked him where the money was, he said he had not got the money, but it was the same as if he had; for that he had gained his cause in Russia, and our government must make it good to him; this he repeatedly said to me and his wife, but neither she nor I gave any credit to it; he then told Mrs. Bellingham and myself, to convince us of the truth of it, he would take us to the secretary of state's office; he did so, and we saw Mr. Smith the secretary. When Mr. Smith came to us, he told Mr. Bellingham that if he had not known that he had ladies with him, he would not have come at all Mr. Bellingham then told him the reason he had brought us, that it was to convince us that his claim was just, and that he should very soon have the money. Mr. Bellingham said - Sir, my friends say that I am out of my senses, is it your opinion, Mr. Smith, that I am so, Mr. Smith said, it is a very delicate question for me to answer, I only know you upon this business, and I can assure you, that you will never have what you are pursuing after, or something to that effect. We then took our leave of Mr. Smith, and when we got into the coach, he took-hold of his wife's hand, and said, now I hope my dear, you are well convinced all will happen well, and as I wished, and as he had informed us, to which we felt indignant, that he should have taken us to an office, and made us appear in the light he did.</p>
<p>Q. How long is this ago, pray ma'am - A. This was last Christmas two years.</p>
<p>Q. I think you stated that he has been in town from last Christmas - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Has he been staying in London all that time - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Has he been pursuing the same plan - A. I understood all along that he was here pursuing the same object at the public offices.</p>
<p>Q. And upon that object you always considered him in a perfect state of derangement - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Smith received you with politeness and attention - A. Yes he did.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you remain in town after that - A. Till the next midsummer.</p>
<p>Q. In the same family with the prisoner - A. No, I saw him frequent.</p>
<p>Q. Was he under any restraint at that time - A. Not at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Were you in habits of intimacy with his family - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. If he was coersed you must have known it - A. I think I must.</p>
<p>Q. If there had been any restraint do you think it would have happened without your knowing it - A. I do not know that it could.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he live when you were in London, at the time you went to the secretary's office - A. I think Theobald's road; his wife was in town then, she was on a visit with me.</p>
<p>Q. And he was living by himself at the time that all his friends' thought him in a state of perfect derangement - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Can you state any period or month, or a week, or a single day, he was ever - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. At no period from his return from Russia - A. Not as I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Has he been left to act upon his own will as much as me, or of any body else - A. Yes. I believe he was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever communicate to the government that he was in a deranged state - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. After your visit to Mr. Smith, at the secretary of state's office he remained in town, and after that, either you nor his wife give any intimation to Mr. Smith that he was a deranged man, or to any of the officers of government - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. How long is it ago since you saw him - A. More than a twelve month ago.</p>
<p>Q. Did it consist with your knowledge that he carried fire arms about him - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever know him confined for a single day - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person119"> MARY CLARK
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person119" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person119" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person119" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Where do you live - A. No. 7, Bagnio court, Newgate-street. I have known the prisoner since his return from Russia, I have known him several years, but I have known most of him since he returned from Russia, about two years and a half, I have been in company with him several times.</p>
<p>Q. Can you form any judgment respecting the state of his mind ever since he came from Russia - A. It is my opinion that he has been disordered in his mind. I have seen him six or seven times; the last time I saw him was last January; I saw him at No. 20, North-street, Red Lion-square, I did not see any particular derangement then, I had but very little conversation with him then, he said he came upon business, he might not stay above ten days or a week, I did not see him above ten minutes at that time.</p>
<p>Mr. Attorney General. He came up from Liverpool to London he came up alone - A. Yes, he left his wife, and he came up alone, to the best of my knowledge, he told me that he was come on business.</p>
<p>Q. He transacted business for himself then, did not he - A. I did not know any thing about his business.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know any body that transacted business for him do you - A. No, I heard that he was confined in Russia.</p>
<p>Q. For all that he was suffered to go about here in this country - A. I do not know of any control over him.</p>
<p>Q. Or do you know of any medical person being consulted about him - A. No, I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know of any precautions that were taken to prevent him from squandering his property, in this state of derangement, do you - A. I do not.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know of any course pursued to him by his friends, that would not be pursued to any rational man - A. I do not.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-5-person120"> CATHERINE FIGGINS
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person120" type="surname" value="FIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person120" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person120" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am Mrs. Roberts's servant.</p>
<p>Q. Why is not Mrs. Roberts here, she was served with a subpoena - A. My mistress is unwell, she lives at No. 9, New Millman-street.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130014"/> Q. Was it in her house that the prisoner lodged - A. Yes, he lodged there four months, to the 2d of this present month.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect the day he was taken in custody - A. Last Monday.</p>
<p>Q. On the day before, on Sunday, did you make any observations on the conduct of the prisoner - A. I did rather, I thought he seemed confused, and was so for some time.</p>
<p>Q. Had you made that observation for some time before - A. I had.</p>
<p>Q. On the day before he was taken, tell me whether any thing particular occurred in the house - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Were you at home on that day - A. I was out in the evening about two hours and a half.</p>
<p>Q. On the Monday, before you went out, had you noticed any thing particular - A. I noticed a word and his actions, I thought he was not so well as he had been for some time past.</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. How long had you lived with Mrs. Roberts - A. Only two months.</p>
<p>Q. Why he had been there four months, had not he - A. Yes. My sister lived there before me.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Bellingham was respected by the family, I believe - A. Yes, I believe they respected him very much.</p>
<p>Q. Did he dine at home - A. Very seldom, he dined once with the family.</p>
<p>Q. What hours did he use to keep - A. Very regular hours, a remarkable regular man.</p>
<p>Q. What place of worship did he go to - A. He went with Mrs. Roberts and her little boy in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. They went to the Foundling did not they - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. That was the last Sunday of all - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did he dine at home that day - A. Yes, he dined alone, and I think it was too late for them to go to the Magdalen, my mistress and Mr. Bellingham went to the Foundling in the evening, the service of the Foundling is over in the evening between eight and nine.</p>
<p>Q. He went to bed as usual - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What time did he go out the next day - A. The first time about twelve o'clock, he came home to accompany my mistress and her little boy to the European museum about one, and they went off altogether.</p>
<p>Q. Had they a coach - A. No, they walked, my mistress and her little boy came home about a quarter after five.</p>
<p>Q. Then they came home without Mr. Bellingham - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were his pistols usually in the bags or loose - A. I never knew that he had pistols.</p>
<p>Q. Though you had attended him in his room for two months, you did not know that he had pistols, did you use to brush his clothes - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. What was the taylor's name that brought home a coat that had a little job done to it - A. I never knew his name; I remember a man bringing home a coat.</p>
<p>Q. How long before the last Sunday was it that the taylor brought home a coat that there had been a little job done to it - A. That is three weeks or a month ago.</p>
<p>Q. Did he pay the washer woman's bill on the Monday - A. Yes, there was a dispute what was to be paid for washing a dressing gown; he settled the bill before he went out that morning; he breakfasted at home.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure that you never saw either of these pistols - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Nor noticed the bag for pistols - A. No, I never noticed any thing of the kind.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever know of any surgeon or apothecary attending him - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley, counsel for the prisoner, directed the door-keeper to call at the door for the purpose of ascertaining whether any witnesses had arrived from Liverpool; shortly after, Mr. Sheriff Heygate announced to the bench that he had been informed two persons had, within the few last minutes, arrived from Liverpool in a post chaise and four, to give evidence in favour of the prisoner, these persons being admitted into court, looked at the prisoner, but declared he was not the person they supposed him to be; they mentioned the circumstance of their having heard of the apprehension of the prisoner, and knowing something of a person bearing his description, in whose conduct they had seen frequent marks of derangement.</p>
<p>Lord Chief Justice Mansfield. Gentlemen of the jury, you are now to try an indictment which charges the prisoner at the bar with the wilful murder (here the learned judge was so hurt by his feelings, that he could not proceed for several seconds) of Mr. Spencer Perceval, (in a faint voice) who was murdered with a pistol loaded with a bullet; when he mentioned the name of (here again his lordship was sincerely affected, and burst into tears, in which he was joined by the greatest portion of the persons in court) a man so dear, and so revered as that of Mr. Spencer Perceval, I find it difficult to suppress my feelings. As, however, to say any thing of the distinguished talents and virtues of that excellent man, might tend to excite improper emotions in the minds of the jury, but would with-hold these feelings which pressed for utterance from my heart, and leave you, gentlemen, to form your judgment upon the evidence which has been adduced in support of the case, undressed by any unfair indignation which you might feel against his murderer, by any description, however faint, of the excellent qualities of the deceased. Gentlemen, you are to try the unfortunate man at the bar, in the same manner, as if he was arraigned for the murder of any other man. The law protected all his Majesty's subjects alike, and the crime was the same whether committed upon the person of the highest and most distinguished character in the country, as upon that of the lowest. The only question you have to try, is, whether the prisoner did wilfully and maliciously murder Mr. Spencer Perceval or not. It is not necessary to go very minutely into the evidence which has been produced to the fact, as there is little doubt as to the main object of your enquiry. The first thing you have to say is, whether the person charged with having murdered him; and whether that murder had been committed with a pistol bullet. The learned judge
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130015"/> then proceeded to read the testimony given by the several witnesses examined. That of Mr. Smith, surgeon Lynn, and Mr. Burgess, clearly substantiated the fact, that the deceased had died in consequence of a pistol shot which had been discharged into his breast, and that the hand of the prisoner was the hand which had discharged that weapon. With respect to the deliberation that had been proved by other witnesses, and from what I could collect from the prisoner's defence, it seems to amount to a conclusion, that he conceived himself justified in what he had done, by his Majesty's government having refused to redress some supposed grievances. Such dreadful reasoning could not be too strongly reprobated. If a man fancied he was right, and in consequence conceived that that fancy was not gratified, he had a right to obtain justice by any means which his physical strength gave him, there is no knowing where so pernicious a doctrine might end. If a man fancies he has a right, and endeavours to assert that right, is he to put to death the persons who refuses to give him any reparation to that which he supposes himself entitled. By the same reason every person who presided in a court of judicature refusing to give to a suitor in an action, what he requires, would be liable to revenge equally atrocious. In another part of the prisoner's defence, which was not, however, urged by himself, it was attempted to be proved, that at the time of the commission of the crime he was insane. With respect to this the law was extremely clear, if a man was deprived of all power of reasoning, so as not to be able to distinguish whether it was right or wrong to commit the most wicked, or the most innocent transaction, he could not certainly commit an act against the law; such a man, so destitute of all power of judgment, could have no intention at all. In order to support this defence, it ought to be proved by the most distinct and unquestionable evidence, that the criminal was incapable of judging between right or wrong. There was no other proof of insanity which would excuse murder, or any other crime. There are various species of insanity. Some human creatures are void of all power of reasoning from their birth, such could not be guilty of any crime. These is another species of madness in which persons were subject to temporary paroxysms, in which they were guilty of acts of extravagance, this was called lunacy, if these persons committed a crime when they were not affected with the malady, they were to all intents and purposes ameniable to justice: so long as they can distinguish good from evil, so long are they answerable for their conduct. There is a third species of insanity, in which the patient fancied the existence of injury, and sought an opportunity of gratifying revenge, by some hostile act; if such a person was capable, in other respects, of distinguishing right from wrong, there is no excuse for any act of atrocity which he might commit under this description of derangement. The witnesses who had been called to support this extraordinary defence, had given a very singular account, to shew that at the, commission of the crime the prisoner was insane. What might have been the state of his mind some time ago, was perfectly immaterial. The single question is, whether at the time this fact was committed, he possessed a sufficient degree of understanding to distinguish good from evil, right from wrong, and whether murder was a crime not only against the law of God, but against the law of his country. Here it appears that the prisoner had gone out like another man; that he came up to London by himself, at Christmas last, that he was under no restraint, that no medical man had attended him to cure his malady, that he was perfectly regular in all his habits, in short there was no proof adduced to shew that his understanding was so deranged, as not to enable him to know that murder was a crime. On the contrary, the testimony adduced in his defence, has most distinctly proved, from a description of his general demeanour, that he was in every respect a full and competent judge of all his actions. Having then commented on the evidence of Mrs. Clarke, Mrs. Billett, and
<persName id="t18120513-5-person121"> Mary Figgins
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person121" type="surname" value="Figgins"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person121" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person121" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , his Lordship concluded by advising the jury to take all the facts into their most serious consideration. If you have any doubt, you will give the prisoner the benefit of that doubt; but if you conceive him guilty of the crime alledged against him, in that case you will find him guilty.</p>
<p>The jury, after a consultation of two minutes and a half in the box, expressed a wish to retire; and an officer of the court, being sworn, accompanied them to the jury-room. As they passed out, the prisoner regarded them separately with a look of mingled confidence and complacency. They were absent fourteen minutes; and on their return into court, their countenances acting as indices to their minds, at once unfolded the determination for which they had come. The prisoner again directed his attention to them in the same manner as before.</p>
<p>The names being called over, and the verdict being asked for in the usual form, the foreman announced the fatal decission of -
<rs id="t18120513-5-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-5-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> upon the indictment for MURDER, and upon the Coroner's Inquisition.</p>
<p>Mr. Shelton. Q. (to Prisoner.)
<persName id="t18120513-5-person122"> John Bellingham
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person122" type="surname" value="Bellingham"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person122" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-5-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , you stand convicted of the wilful murder of the Right Honourable Spencer Perceval; what have you to say why the court should not give you judgment to die according to law.</p>
<p>To this interrogatory the prisoner made no reply.</p>
<p>The Recorder passed sentence in a most solemn and affecting manner, which was as follows: -</p>
<p>"Prisoner at the bar! you have been convicted by a most attentive and a most merciful jury, of one of the most malicious and atrocious crimes it is in the power of human nature to perpetrate - that of wilful and premeditated murder! A crime which in all ages and in all nations has been held in the deepest detestation - a: crime as odious and abominable in the eyes of God, as it is hateful and abhorrent to the feelings of man. A crime which, although thus heinous in itself, in your case has been heightened by every possible feature of aggravation. You have shed the blood of a man admired for every virtue which can adorn public or private life - a man, whose suavity and meekness of manner was calculated to disarm all political rancour, and to deprive violence of its asperity. By his death, charity has lost one of its greatest promoters; religion, one of its firmest supporters; domestic society, one of its happiest and sweetest examples; and the country, one of its brightest ornaments - a man, whose ability and worth was likely to produce lasting advantages to this
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130016"/> empire, and ultimate benefit to the world. Your crime has this additional feature of atrocious guilt, that in the midst of civil society, unarmed, defenceless, in the fulfilment of his public duty, and within the very verge of the sanctuary of the law, your impure hand has deprived of existence a man as universally beloved, as preeminent for his talents and excellence of heart. To indulge in any conjecture as to the motive which could have led you to the commission of this atrocious deeds, would be to enquire into all that is base and perfidious in the human heart. - Assassination is most horrid and revolting to the soul of man, inasmuch as it is calculated to render bravery useless and cowardice successful. It is therefore that the voice of God himself has declared,</p>
<p>"that he that sheddeth man's blood, by man shall his blood be shed." In conformity to these laws, which God hath ordained, and men have obeyed, your disgraced and indignant country, by the example of your ignominious fate, will appreciate the horror of your offence, and set up a warning to all others who might hereafter be tempted to the perpetration of a crime of so deep a dye. A short time, a very short time, remains for you to supplicate for that mercy in another world, which public justice forbids you to expect in this. Sincerely do I hope that the short interval that; has elapsed since the commission of this atrocious offence has not been unemployed by you in soliciting that pardon from the Almighty which I trust your prayers may obtain, through the merits of your Redeemer, whose first attribute is mercy. It only now remains for me to pass the dreadful sentence of the law, which is -</p>
<p>"That you be taken from hence to the place from whence you came, and from thence to a place of execution, where
<rs id="t18120513-5-punish27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-5-punish27" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-5-defend83 t18120513-5-punish27"/> you shall be hanged by the neck until you be dead; your body to be dissected and anatomized </rs>."</p>
<p>Tried by the Third Middlesex jury, before Sir
<persName id="t18120513-5-person123"> James Mansfield
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<persName id="t18120513-6-defend125" type="defendantName"> ANNE JOHNSON
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<interp inst="t18120513-6-defend125" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-defend125" type="age" value="38"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18120513-6-off28" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-6-off28 t18120513-6-cd29"/>, a dollar, value 5 s. 6 d. and twenty-seven shillings in monies numbered, and three one pound bank notes, the property of
<persName id="t18120513-6-victim127" type="victimName"> Augustine le Maire
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-6-off28 t18120513-6-victim127"/> </persName> , from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-6-person128"> AUGUSTIN LE MAIRE
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person128" type="surname" value="LE MAIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person128" type="given" value="AUGUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18120513-6-viclabel30" type="occupation">waiter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-6-victim127 t18120513-6-viclabel30"/> at Ellis's Coffee house, Old Palace Yard. On the 29th of March I was rather in liquor, I called a coach at
<placeName id="t18120513-6-crimeloc31">Charing Cross</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-crimeloc31" type="placeName" value="Charing Cross"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-6-off28 t18120513-6-crimeloc31"/> to convey myself home; and as I got in the coach the prisoner came against the steps of the coach, she said she found I was going down to Westminster, she begged that I would give her a lift, I refused the first time she asked me again, I agreed for her to come in the coach, I went with her. When I got into New Palace Yard, against the New Square, she got out first, she said, good night, and I said, good night. I put my hand into my pocket to pay the coachman his fare, I found my silver deficient, I paid the coachman eighteen pence, his fare, I followed the prisoner, she was not out of sight, I told her that she had robbed me, she said she had not. I told her if she did not return me my money what she had got, I would take her to the watch-house. The watchman came by at the time.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the might was this. - A. Very near one o'clock, I told the watchman if this woman did not return me my money, I would give her in change, she still denied having any of my money. She was taken to the watch-house, I gave charge of her to the constable of the night, the constable searched her, and found the money upon her.</p>
<p>Q. You say you were rather in liquor. - A. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Before you called the Hackney coach, and before you saw this woman, can you swear how much money you had in your pocket. - A. I had from forty to fifty shillings of silver in my pocket, and a dollar among the silver. There was ten shillings and sixpence left behind in my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think you should know the dollar again. - A. Yes, I think in the morning I saw two or three marks upon it, by which I should know it again. I did not know that I was robbed of a piece of brown paper until the constable brought it out in his hand, I told him if it was mine there were three one pound notes in it. I felt in my pocket, I found the brown paper was missing.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-6-person129"> WILLIAM PATRICK
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person129" type="surname" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person129" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was watchman on the 26th of April last. Le Maire and the prisoner came towards my heat, he followed the prisoner and catched her, I heard the dispute, he said, give me my money, I came up immediately, the prosecutor said the prisoner had robbed him, she denied it, I took her to the watch-house, she offered me a dollar to let her go.</p>
<p>Q. Did she produce the dollar. - A. No, she promised it me, I told her I would not take any money. The constable searched her at the watch-house, he pulled out a handfull of silver, among which was a dollar. When the constable took out a piece of brown paper, Le Maire said, that brown paper is mine, open it, and you will find three one pound bank notes in it. The constable opened it, it contained three one-pound bank notes.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-6-person130"> DANIEL BUCHANAN
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person130" type="surname" value="BUCHANAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person130" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-6-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. On the night of the 26th of April, near one o'clock, the prisoner was brought in by the watchman and Le Maire, I searched her, in her pocket I found forty-four shillings, and three one pound notes. Among the silver were two dollars, one was her own, it was given to her by the magistrate, and among them I found this piece of brown paper. I was in the act of throwing the brown paper away, Le Maire said, do not throw that away, because it contains three one-pound notes, I then opened it, and saw these three one-pound bank notes.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. It is my dollar, I know it by a G upon it, and I had three notes in this brown paper.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I am not guilty. The gentleman asked me to get into the coach and take a ride home, the gentleman let the money fall, he told me pick it up, I did, he followed me, and when the watchman laid hold of me, I resigned the money.</p>
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<interp inst="t18120513-6-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 38.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-6-defend125 t18120513-6-punish33"/> Confined Two Years in the House of Correction </rs> and
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-6-defend125 t18120513-6-punish34"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-7-defend132" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-defend132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-defend132" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for that
<rs id="t18120513-7-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-7-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> he, on the
<rs id="t18120513-7-cd36" type="crimeDate">12th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-7-off35 t18120513-7-cd36"/>, was servant and
<rs id="t18120513-7-deflabel37" type="occupation">clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-7-defend132 t18120513-7-deflabel37"/> to
<persName id="t18120513-7-victim134" type="victimName"> John
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130017"/> Marshall
<interp inst="t18120513-7-victim134" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-victim134" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-victim134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-7-off35 t18120513-7-victim134"/> </persName> , and employed and entrusted him to receive money for him, and being such servant so employed and entrusted did receive and take into his possession the sum of 9 l. 8 s. for and on account of his said master, and that he afterwards feloniously did embezzle, secrete, and steal the same </rs>.</p>
<p>The case was stated by Mr. Gurney.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-7-person135"> JAMES STRANGE
<interp inst="t18120513-7-person135" type="surname" value="STRANGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-person135" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at
<placeName id="t18120513-7-crimeloc38">Hillingdon in the county of Wilts</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="Hillingdon in the county of Wilts"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-7-off35 t18120513-7-crimeloc38"/>, I am a woollen and linen draper.</p>
<p>Q. Do you deal with Mr. Marshall in London - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner call upon you from time to time as a rider on account of Mr. Marshall - A. Yes, on the 12th of May, 1811, I paid him the sum of nine pounds eight shillings, on account of Mr. Marshall, for gloves.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-7-person136"> JOHN MARSHALL
<interp inst="t18120513-7-person136" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-person136" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18120513-7-viclabel39" type="occupation">wholesale glover</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-7-victim134 t18120513-7-viclabel39"/> in London; the prisoner was my traveller and clerk, he was entrusted by me to receive money on my account.</p>
<p>Q. In the beginning of last year did he go out on a journey for you - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was he in the course of his journey to receive nine pounds eight shillings for you - A. Yes, he was to receive nine pounds nine shillings. I allowed him five shillings discount. He returned after he had been at Swindon.</p>
<p>Q. When he came from his journey he had to make up his account - A. Yes, he never accounted for that sum of nine pounds eight shillings. He never entered it as received in his book.</p>
<p>Q. How long was he at home with you before he went out another journey - A. Probably a week, or so on, he returned from that second journey, and went out on the western journey; he absconded from Andover; he wrote to me from Andover, the letter is dated 28th of September, 1811; in this letter he says that he shall be in London soon, in the course of a day or two. He did not return to London, he gave me no intimation that he had received it, nor is it entered in the book.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-7-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-7-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 22.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-7-punish41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-7-punish41" type="punishmentCategory" value="noPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-7-punish41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sentenceRespited"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-7-defend132 t18120513-7-punish41"/> Judgment respited </rs>.</p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-8-off42-c122" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-8-defend138 t18120513-8-off42 t18120513-8-verdict46"/>
<persName id="t18120513-8-defend138" type="defendantName"> MARY JONES
<interp inst="t18120513-8-defend138" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-defend138" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-defend138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-defend138" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-8-off42" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-8-off42" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-off42" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18120513-8-cd43" type="crimeDate">10th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-8-off42 t18120513-8-cd43"/>, eighteen yards of ribbon, value 11 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-8-victim139" type="victimName"> William Chapman
<interp inst="t18120513-8-victim139" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-victim139" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-victim139" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-8-off42 t18120513-8-victim139"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-8-person140"> WILLIAM CHAPMAN
<interp inst="t18120513-8-person140" type="surname" value="CHAPMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-person140" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an
<rs id="t18120513-8-viclabel44" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-8-victim139 t18120513-8-viclabel44"/>, 20,
<placeName id="t18120513-8-crimeloc45">Bishopsgate Without</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-crimeloc45" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate Without"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-crimeloc45" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-8-off42 t18120513-8-crimeloc45"/>. On Friday afternoon, the 10th of April, between three and four o'clock, the prisoner came into my shop, she asked for a skein of thread, I gave it her, and before she quitted the shop a person came in for black ribbon, I shewed the black ribbon, and the prisoner stopped and looked at it, and at the same time she looked at the different ribbons and asked the prices, she told me she would have three quarters of a yard of narrow ribbon, and while I was doing up the ribbon for her, I turned my head aside to answer another person, she then took the ribbon that I had cut off the three quarters of a yard for her, she took the ribbon that I had done up for her and was going to leave the shop, she then said have I got my skein of thread? I said yes, and something else. I took hold of her hand that held up her apron, and in her hand was the ribbon. I then sent for an officer, and gave her in charge. I did not see her take it. She did enough for me to have suspicion.</p>
<p>Q. The other woman was not connected with her was she - A. No, not in the least.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-8-person141"> THOMAS SAPWELL
<interp inst="t18120513-8-person141" type="surname" value="SAPWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-person141" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer. I produce the ribbon.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. There is my private mark on the ribbon.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I went in to buy some thread and ribbon. I know I had the ribbon in my hand, I was going to ask him to cut me some off; I am innocent of going to take it, I was going to buy some of it.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. She was not going to buy any more, she was going away. I had the ribbon drawer out when she first came in the shop, she pulled the ribbons about. I had my suspicions about her then.</p>
<p>GUILTY, aged 19.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-8-verdict46" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-8-verdict46" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-8-verdict46" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Of Stealing, but not Privately in the Shop </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-8-punish47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-8-punish47" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-8-defend138 t18120513-8-punish47"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-9">
<interp inst="t18120513-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-9-off48-c126" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-9-defend143 t18120513-9-off48 t18120513-9-verdict52"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-9-off48-c127" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-9-defend145 t18120513-9-off48 t18120513-9-verdict52"/>
<persName id="t18120513-9-defend143" type="defendantName"> MARY EDWARDS
<interp inst="t18120513-9-defend143" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-defend143" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-defend143" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18120513-9-defend145" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH PHILLIPS
<interp inst="t18120513-9-defend145" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-defend145" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-defend145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-9-off48" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-9-off48" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-off48" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18120513-9-cd49" type="crimeDate">18th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-9-off48 t18120513-9-cd49"/>, seven yards and three quarters of a yard of ribbon, value 17 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-9-victim147" type="victimName"> Owen Parry
<interp inst="t18120513-9-victim147" type="surname" value="Parry"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-victim147" type="given" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-victim147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-9-off48 t18120513-9-victim147"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-9-person148"> ELIZABETH PARRY
<interp inst="t18120513-9-person148" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-person148" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-person148" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the wife of
<persName id="t18120513-9-person149"> Owen Parry
<interp inst="t18120513-9-person149" type="surname" value="Parry"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-person149" type="given" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he is a
<rs id="t18120513-9-viclabel50" type="occupation">haberdasher and hosier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-9-victim147 t18120513-9-viclabel50"/>, 57,
<placeName id="t18120513-9-crimeloc51">Barbican</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-crimeloc51" type="placeName" value="Barbican"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-9-crimeloc51" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-9-off48 t18120513-9-crimeloc51"/>. On the 18th of April, near five o'clock in the afternoon, I was in the shop serving a lady, and the two prisoners came in and asked for ribbon, I shewed them the ribbon; after some time they said it would not do; they bid me good afternoon and went out, I looked at them as they went out, as we had reason to suspect them robbing us some time, I knew them by sight well, Edwards more than Phillips. I thought when I looked at them I saw a confusion in their countenances. I then looked at the things I had been serving, I saw a vacancy in the box of ribbons. I ran out into the street and overtook the prisoners, when I got up to them I stopped them and looked between them, I saw Edwards shew Phillips what she had taken from me. She had a fruit basket. I took hold of each of their arms and told them I would thank them to walk back with me, they asked me what for? I told them I thought they had no occasion to ask the question, they made fun, and said walk back; I said if they did not I should have them secured; when they came in the shop I took the velvet ribbon out of the basket, it had my private mark upon it, Mr. Parry came in and sent for a constable. The prisoner Edwards had a child with her, she said the child must have put it in the basket.</p>
<p>The property produced and identified.</p>
<p>Edwards's Defence. I was going to market, I had the market basket in my hand, we went into Mrs. Parry's shop to buy some ribbon, she had none of the colour we wanted. I do not know which way the ribbon came into the basket, without the child put it in.</p>
<p>Phillips's Defence. I know nothing about it.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-9-verdict52" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-9-verdict52" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-10">
<interp inst="t18120513-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-10-off53-c131" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-10-defend151 t18120513-10-off53 t18120513-10-verdict56"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130018"/> 438.
<persName id="t18120513-10-defend151" type="defendantName"> SUSANNAH SULLIVAN
<interp inst="t18120513-10-defend151" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-defend151" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-defend151" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-defend151" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-10-off53" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-10-off53" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-off53" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18120513-10-cd54" type="crimeDate">25th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-10-off53 t18120513-10-cd54"/>, a watch value 2 l. two metal keys, value 6 d. and a piece of ribbon, value 1 d. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-10-victim153" type="victimName"> George Martin James
<interp inst="t18120513-10-victim153" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-victim153" type="given" value="George Martin"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-victim153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-10-off53 t18120513-10-victim153"/> </persName> , from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-10-person154"> GEORGE MARTIN JAMES
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person154" type="surname" value="MARTIN JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person154" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<rs id="t18120513-10-viclabel55" type="occupation">clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-10-victim153 t18120513-10-viclabel55"/> to Mr. Robinson, Charter-house Square. On the 25th of last month I was returning home, I turned up a court between twelve and one, for the purpose of making water; as soon as I got into the court I saw the prisoner coming up the court, I thought it indecent of me standing there making water, the woman could not pass me without rubbing against me, I went higher up the court where it is wide, the prisoner ran after me, she got me round my waist and wished me to go along with her, I told her I would not; she still kept on wishing me to go with her, I resisted; she at last said, give me two or three halfpence. I gave her a few halfpence, she then left me and went down the court again. The watchman met me in the court and asked me if I had lost any thing? I clapped my hand to my fob and found my watch was gone. I gave charge of the prisoner to the watchman, he took her to the watch-house.</p>
<p>Q. You had no connection with her, had you - A. I had not.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-10-person155"> PETER HOLLIN
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person155" type="surname" value="HOLLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person155" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman, I was going round at half past twelve, I was going up Half Moon-passage, Aldersgate-street, I met the prisoner; knowing of her before I stopped her in the passage, I asked her what she had been after? she said she had been after something. I stopped her till I saw the gentleman, I asked him if he had lost any thing? he clapped his hand to his fob, and said he had lost his watch. I took her to the watch-house. The constable has got the watch.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-10-person156"> JAMES TAYLOR
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person156" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person156" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-10-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was constable of the night, I have got the watch, the prisoner was brought to me by the watchman, I searched her pocket, I could not find any thing; I searched further, I found the watch in a place too delicate to mention.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. It is my watch.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. This gentlemen turned up this passage, I followed him; I talked to him a few minutes, he agreed to give me no compliment until he got change; he gave me the watch, and afterwards he insisted of having the watch from me, I was loath to give the watch up, because he gave me but three or four pennyworth of halfpence.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-10-verdict56" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-10-verdict56" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 22.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-10-punish57" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-10-punish57" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-10-defend151 t18120513-10-punish57"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-11">
<interp inst="t18120513-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-11-off58-c136" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-11-defend158 t18120513-11-off58 t18120513-11-verdict62"/>
<persName id="t18120513-11-defend158" type="defendantName"> THOMAS RANGER
<interp inst="t18120513-11-defend158" type="surname" value="RANGER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-defend158" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-defend158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-defend158" type="age" value="47"/> </persName> was indicted for feloniously
<rs id="t18120513-11-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-11-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing on the
<rs id="t18120513-11-cd59" type="crimeDate">27th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-11-off58 t18120513-11-cd59"/>, a three-inch deal, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-11-victim160" type="victimName"> Philip Hooper
<interp inst="t18120513-11-victim160" type="surname" value="Hooper"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-victim160" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-victim160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18120513-11-victim162" type="victimName"> Thomas Bedford
<interp inst="t18120513-11-victim162" type="surname" value="Bedford"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-victim162" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-victim162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-11-person163"> PHILIP HOOPER
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person163" type="surname" value="HOOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person163" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18120513-11-viclabel60" type="occupation">timber merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-11-victim160 t18120513-11-viclabel60"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-11-victim162 t18120513-11-viclabel60"/>, my partners name is
<persName id="t18120513-11-person164"> Thomas Bedford
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person164" type="surname" value="Bedford"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person164" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I live in
<placeName id="t18120513-11-crimeloc61">St. Bartholomew the Great</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="St. Bartholomew the Great"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-11-off58 t18120513-11-crimeloc61"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lose this three-inch deal - A. Yes, I believe it is mine.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-11-person165"> THOMAS SEABRIGHT
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person165" type="surname" value="SEABRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person165" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a carpenter. On Monday evening the 27th of April, I was alarmed about nine o'clock in the evening with the rattling of timber. I am a journeyman to, and I live upon Mr. Hooper's premises. I heard footsteps going up the court, it is no thoroughfare, I stepped out after it, and lost it, then about a quarter before ten o'clock we heard some footsteps come down the court again, when he came back I followed him out, he had got a deal upon his shoulder. I followed him into Aldersgate- him street, I then saw a watchman, I gave him in charge immediately.</p>
<p>Q. You did not see where he took the deal from - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the other man - A. There was only one at the second time. I secured that man with the deal.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-11-person166"> WILLIAM SPECK
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person166" type="surname" value="SPECK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person166" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. I was crying the hour of ten o'clock, the prisoner was coming across the road with this deal on his shoulder, the last witness gave me charge of him. I asked him where he brought the deal from, he said a man gave it him who was going to his club, he lived at 17, Grub-street.</p>
<p>The property produced and identified.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. A man asked me to carry it home for him, his name is
<persName id="t18120513-11-person167"> Joseph Harding
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person167" type="surname" value="Harding"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person167" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-11-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I have sent for him, he is not here.</p>
<p>Seabright. There is no thoroughfare there, and there are no deals there but what belong to Messrs. Hooper and Bedford, it laid about six or seven yards from my door.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-11-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-11-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 47.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-11-punish63" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-11-punish63" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-11-defend158 t18120513-11-punish63"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-12">
<interp inst="t18120513-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t18120513-12-defend169" type="defendantName"> ROBERT HOPE
<interp inst="t18120513-12-defend169" type="surname" value="HOPE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-defend169" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-defend169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-defend169" type="age" value="60"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-12-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-12-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18120513-12-cd65" type="crimeDate">20th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-12-off64 t18120513-12-cd65"/>, a pewter pint pot, value 1 s. and a pewter half-pint pot, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-12-victim171" type="victimName"> Michael Barker
<interp inst="t18120513-12-victim171" type="surname" value="Barker"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-victim171" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-victim171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-12-off64 t18120513-12-victim171"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-12-person172"> MICHAEL BARKER
<interp inst="t18120513-12-person172" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-person172" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18120513-12-viclabel66" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-12-victim171 t18120513-12-viclabel66"/>,
<placeName id="t18120513-12-crimeloc67">Red Lion-court, Fleet-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-crimeloc67" type="placeName" value="Red Lion-court, Fleet-street"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-crimeloc67" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-12-off64 t18120513-12-crimeloc67"/> On the 12th of April, from information of my pot boy, I sent for an officer, the officer came; he searched the prisoner, and the pint pot was in his hat, and the half-pint pot was in his bosom.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-12-person173"> WILLIAM CROSSKEY
<interp inst="t18120513-12-person173" type="surname" value="CROSSKEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-person173" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I took this pint pot out of the prisoner's hat, and this half pint pot out of his waistcoat.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The pots are both mine.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I was in great distress. I leave myself to the mercy of the court and the gentlemen of the jury.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-12-verdict68" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-12-verdict68" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 60.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-12-punish69" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-12-punish69" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-punish69" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-12-defend169 t18120513-12-punish69"/> Confined One Month in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-12-punish70" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-12-punish70" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-12-punish70" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-12-defend169 t18120513-12-punish70"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-13-off71-c148" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-defend175 t18120513-13-off71 t18120513-13-verdict75"/>
<persName id="t18120513-13-defend175" type="defendantName"> REBECCA HENRY
<interp inst="t18120513-13-defend175" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-defend175" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-defend175" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-defend175" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-13-off71" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-13-off71" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-off71" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-13-cd72" type="crimeDate">18th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-off71 t18120513-13-cd72"/>, a blanket, value 5 s. a sheet, value 4 s. a shirt, value 3 s. 6 d. a flannel petticoat, value 1 s. 6 d. and a night gown, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-13-victim177" type="victimName"> William Sore
<interp inst="t18120513-13-victim177" type="surname" value="Sore"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-victim177" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-victim177" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-off71 t18120513-13-victim177"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-13-person178"> SARAH SORE
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person178" type="surname" value="SORE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person178" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person178" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the wife of
<persName id="t18120513-13-person179"> William Sore
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person179" type="surname" value="Sore"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person179" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . My husband is a
<rs id="t18120513-13-viclabel73" type="occupation">coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-victim177 t18120513-13-viclabel73"/>.</p>
<p>Q. When did you lose these things. - A. On the 17th of April, from No. 9,
<placeName id="t18120513-13-crimeloc74">Phillip Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-crimeloc74" type="placeName" value="Phillip Lane"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-crimeloc74" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-off71 t18120513-13-crimeloc74"/>, I lodge there.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130019"/> Q. Did the prisoner lodge in the house. - A. No, I lost the things in the evening between nine and eleven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. How did she take them. - A. I do not know; they were found upon her. When I went to take these things off the line they were gone. They were all hanging on the line in the back yard.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-13-person180"> HENRY SHROUD
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person180" type="surname" value="SHROUD"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person180" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a pork shop in Tooley Street, No 208. These things were left in my house on Friday, the 17th of April. The prisoner came to my house and asked my man if she might leave the things there, my man gave her leave.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it was the prisoner - A. On the next day, about one o'clock at noon, she came for them, I asked her whether they were her own things, she asked me why I asked her that question; I said I wished to know; she then said they were not her own, she was to take them somewhere, but did not know the place nor number, she said a Mill Pond Bridge. I said my man should go with her; she took my man to East Lane, she told him they belonged to No. 5, Barker's Row, there were two No. 5. My man brought her back again, she said she lived in Helmet Place, Old Street; I was going to put down the direction; she first said No. 100, and afterward 124. I sent a person to enqire and there is only seventeen houses there; afterwards she owned she was in Phillip Lane, she there met a woman that gave her the things. I sent down to Phillip Lane and found out the owner of these things.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-13-person181"> JOHN ANDERSON
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person181" type="surname" value="ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person181" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. What do you know about this business - A. The prisoner came on the 17th to our shop, she asked me leave to let her leave the things, I rather refused her at first, and as soon as she had liberty to leave them she put them down on the block; on the next day she came about one o'clock, she said that she came for the tub that she had the things in, I said if they are your's, but there was a man came in after you left the things and there was a bother about it; then my master came in and cross questioned her about it.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-13-person182"> SAMUEL PRESTON
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person182" type="surname" value="PRESTON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person182" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer, I know the prosecutrix, she informed me that she had been robbed and hearing that a woman was stopped in the Borough I took the prosecutrix there and found the prisoner with the property on her; I took her to the Compter. I produce the things.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. The woman that gave me the things, her name was Smith, I am certain that she lived in the same street with the prosecutrix, but I did not rightly know the house.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. They are all my property.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-13-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-13-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 19.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-13-punish76" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-13-punish76" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-punish76" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-defend175 t18120513-13-punish76"/> Confined Two Months in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-13-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-13-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-13-punish77" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-13-defend175 t18120513-13-punish77"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14" type="year" value="1812"/>
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<persName id="t18120513-14-defend184" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH MORRIS
<interp inst="t18120513-14-defend184" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-defend184" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-defend184" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-defend184" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-14-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-14-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-14-cd79" type="crimeDate">18th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-14-off78 t18120513-14-cd79"/>, eighteen yards of ribbon, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-14-victim186" type="victimName"> Charles Bluck
<interp inst="t18120513-14-victim186" type="surname" value="Bluck"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-victim186" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-victim186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-14-off78 t18120513-14-victim186"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-14-person187"> CHARLES BLUCK
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person187" type="surname" value="BLUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person187" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an
<rs id="t18120513-14-viclabel80" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-14-victim186 t18120513-14-viclabel80"/>, 32,
<placeName id="t18120513-14-crimeloc81">Bishopsgate Without</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-crimeloc81" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate Without"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-crimeloc81" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-14-off78 t18120513-14-crimeloc81"/>.</p>
<p>Q. When did you lose the ribbons - A. On the 18th of April, about eight o'clock in the afternoon. Having suspected the prisoner we watched her for some time, I thought I saw her take something and put it into her pocket; on her leaving the shop I went after her, the young person said she had taken a piece of ribbon, I followed her and brought her back, she dropped the ribbon; a witness is here that saw her drop it, I sent for Sapwell, he searched her; he has the property.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-14-person188"> SARAH CLARK
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person188" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person188" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person188" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> I am shop woman to Mr. Bluck. The prisoner came in the shop and asked to look at some made up bows, which she objected to and thought she could make one cheaper by buying the ribbon herself, I then shewed her some ribbons and while I was measuring it I saw her put the piece of ribbon into her apron and from there into her pocket, and as she was going out I told Mr
<persName id="t18120513-14-person189"> Charles Bluck
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person189" type="surname" value="Bluck"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person189" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> she had a piece of ribbon, he followed her and brought her back, and she dropped the ribbon.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her drop it - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-14-person190"> JOHN HENRY BLUCK
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person190" type="surname" value="HENRY BLUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person190" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Are you a partner with
<persName id="t18120513-14-person191"> Charles Bluck
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person191" type="surname" value="Bluck"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person191" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> - A. I am not, my son lives in my house and has the shop. The prisoner had been there four times before, suspicion arose of her having stolen ribbons, she came in then, I was sitting in a back room in the shop, I came forward; when my son brought her in the shop she dropped the ribbon, I took the ribbon up and kept it till the officer came, saying that I saw it drop from her; she said might it not drop from the counter, I said no it was at the bottom part of the shop were no ribbons are kept. It had my son's private mark on it.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-14-person192"> THOMAS SAPWELL
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person192" type="surname" value="SAPWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person192" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> This is the ribbon.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. That is my ribbon, it has my private mark on it.</p>
<p>Prisoners Q. I want to know whether that old gentleman can say it dropped from me or no.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-14-person193"> John Henry Bluck
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person193" type="surname" value="Henry Bluck"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person193" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-14-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I positively swear it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. It never came from me may I never enter the kingdom of glory, I came into town on Thursday, I buried my husband. I have two small children. That old gentleman would hang me. I am an innocent woman. I leave myself to the mercy of every one in the court.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-14-verdict82" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-14-verdict82" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 30.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-14-punish83" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-14-punish83" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-14-defend184 t18120513-14-punish83"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-15-defend195" type="defendantName"> MARY SULLIVAN
<interp inst="t18120513-15-defend195" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-defend195" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-defend195" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-defend195" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-15-off84" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-15-off84" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-off84" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-15-cd85" type="crimeDate">21st of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-15-off84 t18120513-15-cd85"/>, eighteen yards of ribbon, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-15-victim197" type="victimName"> Charles Bluck
<interp inst="t18120513-15-victim197" type="surname" value="Bluck"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-victim197" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-victim197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-15-off84 t18120513-15-victim197"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-15-person198"> CHARLES BLUCK
<interp inst="t18120513-15-person198" type="surname" value="BLUCK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-person198" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an
<rs id="t18120513-15-viclabel86" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-15-victim197 t18120513-15-viclabel86"/>, 32,
<placeName id="t18120513-15-crimeloc87">Bishopsgate Street Without</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-crimeloc87" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate Street Without"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-crimeloc87" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-15-off84 t18120513-15-crimeloc87"/>. On Tuesday the 21st of April, the prisoner, with another person, came into the shop and asked for some ribbon, and while she was looking at them another woman came in, wished to see some thread, and was very impatient, so much so that I suspected the three were companions together. The other woman said she was in an hurry, I said she should be served in her turn, I turned round quick suspecting the prisoner, I saw the prisoner very much confused; at the same time a person in the shop said that she had stolen something, I laid hold of her apron and found that she had half a piece of ribbon; the woman
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130020"/> that was so impatient ran away. I stopped the prisoner and another woman and sent for Sapwell, who found the ribbon on her, she said by some accident it had fallen into her apron.</p>
<p>Q. Was that possible - A. Oh no, impossible.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-15-person199"> THOMAS SAPWELL
<interp inst="t18120513-15-person199" type="surname" value="SAPWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-person199" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-15-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I searched the prisoner, I found the ribbon mentioned in the indictment in her apron, I asked Mr. Bluck if that was his property, he said yes; since that I have dropped the ribbon out of my pocket, through some misfortune I have not got it to produce.</p>
<p>Q. Was there a private mark upon it - A. Yes, it was sworn to the next day before the Lord Mayor by Mr. Bluck.</p>
<p>Q. (to Mr. Bluck) Are you sure that the ribbon that Sapwell shewed you had your private mark upon it - A. Yes, I do swear that it had my private mark, and it was my property.</p>
<p>Prisoner. When I went into this gentleman's shop I asked to look at a bit of ribbon, I had some muslin in my apron, I looked at two piece of ribbons, I asked him to cut me a couple of yards off; a person that was there did shove against me and that ribbon fell into my lap, and before I could have time to take it out of my apron that gentleman took hold of me, he asked me what I wanted with the ribbon, he rolled it up in my apron and kept it there. I wish to see what is the property against me.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. A neighbour had watched her, and came to tell me they were suspicious characters.</p>
<p>Sapwell. When I lost the property I made it known to the Lord Mayor's clerk, and to Mr. Newman the solicitor; I called the several watchmen together in the parish, I told them I would give them a guinea if they could find the property or any body that did, and since then one of the watchmen went down to the Compter and let the prisoner know that I had lost the property. There was a fire at Mr. Mott's the soap boiler, I lost it out of my pocket; whether the hole in my pocket was cut or no I cannot say.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-15-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-15-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 18.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-15-punish89" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-15-punish89" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-15-defend195 t18120513-15-punish89"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-16">
<interp inst="t18120513-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-16-off90-c168" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-16-defend201 t18120513-16-off90 t18120513-16-verdict92"/>
<persName id="t18120513-16-defend201" type="defendantName"> ELEANOR LEESON
<interp inst="t18120513-16-defend201" type="surname" value="LEESON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-defend201" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-defend201" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-defend201" type="age" value="33"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-16-off90" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-16-off90" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-off90" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-16-cd91" type="crimeDate">7th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-16-off90 t18120513-16-cd91"/>, three yards of carpet, value 7 s. 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-16-victim203" type="victimName"> Thomas Bartlett
<interp inst="t18120513-16-victim203" type="surname" value="Bartlett"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-victim203" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-victim203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-16-off90 t18120513-16-victim203"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-16-person204"> THOMAS MAYMOTT
<interp inst="t18120513-16-person204" type="surname" value="MAYMOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-person204" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a broker in Moorfields. On Thursday morning last, a neighbour of mine came to me and said, there goes two women that have stolen some carpet, I saw a part of the carpet hanging under the cloak of the prisoner, I asked the prisoner what she had got, I opened the carpet and there were two pieces of carpet; as I opened the carpet the label tumbled out. It is Mr. Bartlett's carpet, the carpet hung up in his window. It was known by some of my neighbours, so I sent for Mr. Mott and he sent for the owner, Mr. Bartlett. This is the carpet.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-16-person205"> THOMAS BARTLETT
<interp inst="t18120513-16-person205" type="surname" value="BARTLETT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-person205" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Look at this carpet - It is my carpet, me and my young man nailed it up to the window, it had this label on,</p>
<p>"This Shop to left, enquire up the gateway," here is a part of the paper torn away.</p>
<p>Q. Where is the shop situated - A. No. 90, Bishopsgate Without.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. When the carpets were laying on the ground under the gateway, I picked them up and put them under my cloak; the boys ran away.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-16-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-16-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 33.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-16-punish93" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-16-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-punish93" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-16-defend201 t18120513-16-punish93"/> Confined Two Months in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-16-punish94" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-16-punish94" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-16-punish94" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-16-defend201 t18120513-16-punish94"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17" type="year" value="1812"/>
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<interp inst="t18120513-17" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-17-off95-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-defend207 t18120513-17-off95 t18120513-17-verdict99"/>
<persName id="t18120513-17-defend207" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH MARRISON
<interp inst="t18120513-17-defend207" type="surname" value="MARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-defend207" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-defend207" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-defend207" type="age" value="29"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-17-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-17-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-17-cd96" type="crimeDate">10th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-off95 t18120513-17-cd96"/>, a telescope, value 10 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-17-victim209" type="victimName"> Robert Banks
<interp inst="t18120513-17-victim209" type="surname" value="Banks"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-victim209" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-victim209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-off95 t18120513-17-victim209"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-17-person210"> ROBERT BANKS
<interp inst="t18120513-17-person210" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-person210" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at 444, in the
<placeName id="t18120513-17-crimeloc97">Strand, in the Parish of St. Martin's in theFields</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-crimeloc97" type="placeName" value="Strand, in the Parish of St. Martin's in theFields"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-crimeloc97" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-off95 t18120513-17-crimeloc97"/>. I am an
<rs id="t18120513-17-viclabel98" type="occupation">optician</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-victim209 t18120513-17-viclabel98"/>.</p>
<p>Q. When did you lose this telescope - A. Last Saturday afternoon, the 9th of May, in the afternoon between five and six, the prisoner came into the shop for some relief. I am an overseer. She produced this pass to me as overseer, and while I turned my back to write my name on the back of the pass, she secreted a telescope; I had no suspicion of the telescope being gone, my wife assured me that she had taken something.</p>
<p>Q. Was your wife present - A. She was not, she was in the parlour, the parlour door had glass windows. I had the money in my hand to give her in the shop, but when I saw the telescope taken from the counter and in her lap, I did not give her the money but sent for an officer, he came and searched her and took away the property from her.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-17-person211"> EDWARD MAXWELL
<interp inst="t18120513-17-person211" type="surname" value="MAXWELL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-person211" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a journeyman to Mr. Banks, I fetched the officer; we searched the prisoner and found the telescope upon her.</p>
<p>GIBSON. I am the officer that took the prisoner, I had taken this woman about three hours before, she was drunk in the street, I put her in the watch-house and sobered her; when she went out she went to Mr. Banks's and stole this telescope, I put her in the watch-house and kept her there an hour to keep her from the boys, she had an hour's sleep and got sober. This is the telescope.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I am certain it is my telescope.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I am a poor distressed woman, my husband is a soldier, he belongs to the 71st regiment, a woman gave it me in the shop.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-17-verdict99" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-17-verdict99" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 29.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-17-punish100" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-17-punish100" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-punish100" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-defend207 t18120513-17-punish100"/> Confined Six Months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-17-punish101" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-17-punish101" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-17-punish101" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-17-defend207 t18120513-17-punish101"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18" type="year" value="1812"/>
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<interp inst="t18120513-18" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-18-off102-c176" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-18-defend213 t18120513-18-off102 t18120513-18-verdict107"/>
<persName id="t18120513-18-defend213" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH WHITLOCK
<interp inst="t18120513-18-defend213" type="surname" value="WHITLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-defend213" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-defend213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that
<rs id="t18120513-18-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-18-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> he, on the
<rs id="t18120513-18-cd103" type="crimeDate">18th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-18-off102 t18120513-18-cd103"/>, was
<rs id="t18120513-18-deflabel104" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-18-defend213 t18120513-18-deflabel104"/> to
<persName id="t18120513-18-victim215" type="victimName"> Isaac Slee
<interp inst="t18120513-18-victim215" type="surname" value="Slee"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-victim215" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-victim215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-18-off102 t18120513-18-victim215"/> </persName> , and employed and entrusted by him to receive money for him, and being such servant so employed and entrusted, did receive and take into his possession the sum of 3 l. 12 s. and that he afterwards feloniously did secret and steel the same </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-18-person216"> WILLIAM CALVERT
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person216" type="surname" value="CALVERT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person216" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am foreman to Isaac Slee, he is a
<rs id="t18120513-18-viclabel105" type="occupation">salt merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-18-victim215 t18120513-18-viclabel105"/> at
<placeName id="t18120513-18-crimeloc106">Paddington</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-crimeloc106" type="placeName" value="Paddington"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-crimeloc106" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-18-off102 t18120513-18-crimeloc106"/>, and the prisoner was in Mr. Slee's employ also.</p>
<p>Q. Was he employed to receive money on account
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130021"/> of his master - A. Yes, and it was his duty when he received money on account of his master to have brought it to Paddington, and to have given it to me if he did not see Mr. Slee.</p>
<p>Q. Did he either on the 18th of January, or on any day since, offer to you three pounds twelve shillings, money received from Isabella Hopkins - A. He denied having received the money of Isabella Hopkins, then I asked him for the receipt, he said he had not got it. Mr. Shee had sent him with a receipt.</p>
<p>Q. Has he since that time given you the money or receipt - A. No. I asked him if he would settle with Mr. Slee, he said he did not know.</p>
<p>Q. When did you ask him that question - A. A week before he was taken up.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-18-person217"> ISABELLA HOPKINS
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person217" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person217" type="given" value="ISABELLA"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person217" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Do you know the prisoner - A. I paid the money to the carman (the prisoner), on the 19th of January: three pounds twelve shillings; I have got the receipt. It was the prisoner as far as I know. I only saw him once before.</p>
<p>Q. What was it for - A. A sack of salt; I paid the carman; I did but see him that time. It was the first time he brought me salt.</p>
<p>Q. Now, look at the prisoner, and see whether that is the man - A. I dare say he cannot deny it.</p>
<p>COURT. Madam, look at the man, and tell me whether it is the man - A. I dare say it is; I paid the money to the said carman.</p>
<p>Q. You do not mean to say you know the man do you - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-18-person218"> CHARLES BROWN
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person218" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person218" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of Hatton Garden office. I apprehended the prisoner in company with Thisselton on the 15th of April at Paddington, He acknowledged to us that he had received the three pounds twelve shillings on account of his master; that he had got in liquor, and had lost two pound of the money, and did not like to see his master unless he could carry him some money.</p>
<p>COURT. When was that - A On the 15th of April, about seven o'clock in the evening.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-18-person219"> WILLIAM THISSELTON
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person219" type="surname" value="THISSELTON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person219" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-18-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I am an officer of Hatton Garden office.</p>
<p>Q. You have heard the last witness examined - A. Yes. The prisoner said that he received three pounds twelve shillings of Mrs. Hopkins, and he had lost two pounds through in oxication, and was afraid to go back to his master without he had the money. He said he did not like to go back with the rest.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-18-verdict107" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-18-verdict107" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t18120513-19-defend221" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH GRIFFITHS
<interp inst="t18120513-19-defend221" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-defend221" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-defend221" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-defend221" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-19-off108" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-19-off108" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-off108" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-19-cd109" type="crimeDate">13th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-19-off108 t18120513-19-cd109"/>, two sheets, value 6 s. a blanket, value 1 s. and a chair value 1 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-19-victim223" type="victimName"> John Warner
<interp inst="t18120513-19-victim223" type="surname" value="Warner"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-victim223" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-victim223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-19-off108 t18120513-19-victim223"/> </persName> , in a lodging room </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-19-person224"> ANN WARNER
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person224" type="surname" value="WARNER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person224" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person224" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the wife of
<persName id="t18120513-19-person225"> John Warner
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person225" type="surname" value="Warner"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person225" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I live at No. 8,
<placeName id="t18120513-19-crimeloc110">Meeting-house-alley, in the parish of St. George's</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-crimeloc110" type="placeName" value="Meeting-house-alley, in the parish of St. George's"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-crimeloc110" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-19-off108 t18120513-19-crimeloc110"/>. The prisoner took a room of me at five shillings a week, ready furnished; she came into the room on the 9th of April.</p>
<p>Q. How long did she stay with you - A. She went out on the 13th of April, and never returned.</p>
<p>Q. Did she pay for her lodging - A. No. She never returned. I missed a pair of sheets off the bed in which she slept, a pair of blankets, a bolster, a pillow, and a pair of pillow cases, and a chair, and tin and crockery ware and glass.</p>
<p>Q. What time did she go out in the morning - A. I went down about nine o'clock in the morning and shut the street-door; I found it open. Her room door was open, that is how I missed the things. The prisoner lived below stairs. I applied to an officer, Mr. Gillman, I got some of my things again, but not all.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-19-person226"> JOHN GILLMAN
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person226" type="surname" value="GILLMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person226" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I am an officer of the Thames police. On the 13th of April Mrs. Warner applied to me, I could not hear any thing of the prisoner until the 18th, I then found the prisoner in a back room, Cock Hill, Ratcliffe. I found in the room a chair, and in the room three duplicates; I put the duplicates in my pocket. I asked her if she knew any thing of Mrs. Warner's things; she said, no. She said her name was not Griffiths. I then called Mrs. Warner in to identify her; I asked her if that was the woman that lodged with her; she said, yes, it was. I asked the prisoner whose duplicates them were; she acknowledged to pawning the things, and said she ment to get them out. I took her to the office, and desired the pawnbroker to attend with the things, and they are here now.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-19-person227"> JAMES JONES
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person227" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person227" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mr. Nicholas and Latter, pawnbrokers, in Broad-street, Ratcliffe.</p>
<p>Q. Is that far from Mrs. Warner's - A. About half a mile. I know the prisoner's person, I am not positive I took the blanket in of her. The blanket was pawned on the 14th of April by a woman; it was pawned in the name of
<persName id="t18120513-19-person228"> Ann Wright
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person228" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person228" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person228" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . This is the blanket.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-19-person229"> ROBERT WALKER
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person229" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person229" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-19-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I am a servant to Mr. Mount, pawnbroker, Old Gravel-lane. I produce two sheets, pawned, one on the 9th the other on the 11th of April. The prisoner is the person that pawned them; I lent her four shillings on one, and five on the other.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutrix. What time of day did the prisoner come to you on the 9th of April - A. About two in the afternoon. She hired the lodgings the day before, and then I saw the state of the bed. I put the two sheets on the bed myself the day before. That is my blanket, and the sheets are mine, and the chair is mine.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in her defence, nor called any witnesses to her character.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-19-verdict111" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-19-verdict111" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 21.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-19-punish112" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-19-punish112" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-19-defend221 t18120513-19-punish112"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-20-defend231" type="defendantName"> MARY BEST
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<interp inst="t18120513-20-defend231" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-defend231" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-defend231" type="age" value="34"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-20-off113" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-20-off113" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-off113" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> feloniously forging, on the
<rs id="t18120513-20-cd114" type="crimeDate">16th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-20-off113 t18120513-20-cd114"/>, a bank note for the payment of one pound, with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t18120513-20-victim232" type="victimName">
<rs id="t18120513-20-viclabel115" type="occupation">Governor and Company of the Bank of England</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-20-victim232 t18120513-20-viclabel115"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-victim232" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130022"/> SECOND COUNT for putting off, and disposing off, a like forged note, with like intention.</p>
<p>AND OTHER COUNTS for like offence, stating it to be a promissory note for the payment of one pound with intention to defraud
<persName id="t18120513-20-victim234" type="victimName"> William Tomlin.
<interp inst="t18120513-20-victim234" type="surname" value="Tomlin"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-victim234" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-victim234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="t18120513-20-person235"> WILLIAM TOMLIN
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person235" type="surname" value="TOMLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person235" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You
<rs id="t18120513-20-viclabel116" type="occupation">keep a grocers shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-20-victim234 t18120513-20-viclabel116"/>, No. 142.
<placeName id="t18120513-20-crimeloc117">Tottenham-court-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-crimeloc117" type="placeName" value="Tottenham-court-road"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-crimeloc117" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-20-off113 t18120513-20-crimeloc117"/> - A. Yes,</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the prisoner at the bar coming to your shop about the middle of March last - A. To the best of my knowledge she is very much like her.</p>
<p>COURT. She came into your shop, when - A. About the 14th or 15th of March. I recollect the woman coming to my shop before that time; I had given her change for a a pound note about a fortnight before that time.</p>
<p>Mr. Bosanquet. That must be about the beginning of March - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You had seen the prisoner at the bar, and had given her change for a pound note - A. Yes, to the best of my recollection. I asked her no questions for that note, but gave her change. I saw her again about the 14th or 15th of March, she came into my shop, she asked for two ounces of tea, and a pound of sugar, I weighed her the tea, and gave her the sugar on the counter, and she presented me a one pound note in payment; I looked at her, and I thought I knew her again; I thought I had seen her in the shop before; I asked her name and place of abode; she gave me the name of Mr. George, No 9, Frederic-place, Hampstead-road, and that place not being above half a quarter of a mile from my house I did not scruple of taking the note at all; I took the note, and wrote upon it before I gave her the change.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this note, sir, and say whether that is the note - A. This is the note, it has my hand-writing upon it.</p>
<p>Q. Now, sir, you say you believe that the person that gave you this note was the same person that gave you a note before - A. I believe so.</p>
<p>Q. You believe so. Have you any doubt that the prisoner at the bar is the person, from her features, and her height - A. I have no doubt that she is the same person, to the best of my knowledge and remembrance it is her.</p>
<p>COURT. Can you swear positively it is her. Do not be in a hurry. Look in the woman's face - A. To the best of my recollection it is her.</p>
<p>Mr. Bosanquet. Do you mean the same person who uttered the former note as the person that gave you this note - A. Both.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any doubt that she is the person that uttered to you the second note, this note - A. No, she is the same person to the best of my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any doubt upon the subject - A From all appearance I have no doubt of it. She was a stranger to me, though she was in my shop twice.</p>
<p>COURT. Did you observe what the gentleman means. I ask you whether you have any doubt upon the subject that the is the same person - A. I could not swear positively.</p>
<p>Q. Will you, or not, swear positively that she is the same person that tendered the same note - A. I believe it is, from her appearance and her height, and her features, though she had a large bonnet on at the time.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any doubt about it - A. I can say no more than what I have said.</p>
<p>Q. If you have a doubt say so; if you have not, say that. Look at the woman, and say whether you have a doubt or not - A. Why, I have not much doubt of it. I cannot say but I have some doubt about it.</p>
<p>Q. Now, sir, do answer a plain question. Have you any doubt that she is the same person or not - A. Not much doubt.</p>
<p>Q. I will have a direct answer - A. I have some doubt; not much doubt.</p>
<p>Q. Then you have some doubt - A. Not having seen the woman but once before I have some doubt.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. You say, like an honest man, now, that you have a doubt - A. I can say no farther than to the best of my knowledge and recollection.</p>
<p>COURT. Do you mean to say that it is the same woman to the best of your knowledge and recollection - A. Yes, I do.</p>
<p>Q If you had met her in the street should you have known her to be the same woman - A. Not without I had taken particular notice of her.</p>
<p>Q. I asked you if you had met her in the street, whether you should have known her to be the same woman - A. I believe I should.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-20-person236"> FRANCES MUNN
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person236" type="surname" value="MUNN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person236" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person236" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Where do you reside - A. No 9, Frederic place, Hampstead-road.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar at all - A. No, I never saw her.</p>
<p>Q Do you occupy the house, No. 9, Frederic-place - A. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Did you in March last - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any person resident in your house of the name of George - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-20-person237"> GEORGE GLOVER
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person237" type="surname" value="GLOVER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person237" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are a butcher - A. I am, in Leadenhall-market.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the prisoner at the bar. Did you ever see her at your shop - A. Yes, sir, I did, as near as I can recollect the time, from the 5th to the 8th; on this transaction she came to my shop, I cannot say exactly what the article was she bought, some small article; it came to one shilling and four-pence or one shilling and six-pence; I cannot say what. She gave me a one pound note. I took the note in my hand, and not finding the salvages smooth, there were two rough sides. I suspected the note. My wife said, where does the young woman live. The prisoner answered, Jones, Collam-street. I wrote that upon the note.</p>
<p>Q Now, look at this note - A. This is my handwriting. This is the note. I have not a shadow of a doubt, that is the note I received of the prisoner. There was nothing wrote upon the note when I received it.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. There is the name of Glover upon the note. Was that upon the note when you received it - A. No.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130023"/> Q. You have spoken to the prisoner's person - A. I have.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever seen her before that time - A. No, I have not.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a market day, Saturday - A. No, it was not when people are busy; it was about nine or ten o'clock in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. Was not she in custody when you next saw her - A. Not to my knowledge. They took me to the Bank, and from there to Marlborough-street.</p>
<p>Q. You were afterwards taken to a place where she was in custody - A. Yes.</p>
<p>COURT. Did you see her at Marlborough-street - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. My question is this, whether your seeing her in custody was not the reason why you thought her the same person - A. If I had met her in the street I should have known her again by the mark in her nose. I have not a shadow of a doubt she is the person I took the note of.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-20-person238"> THOMAS GLOVER
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person238" type="surname" value="GLOVER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person238" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. I believe you are an inspector of the Bank notes - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been so - A. Near twenty years.</p>
<p>Q. It is your duty to examine all bank notes - A. It is.</p>
<p>COURT. Will you tell me whether that is a genuine Bank of England note - A. It is not. It is a forgery altogether.</p>
<p>COURT. It is not an impression from a bank plate - A. No. It is not the paper of the Bank, nor the signature it purports to be. The whole is a forgery. It is not the Bank of England ink.</p>
<p>Q. In short, there is no part of it like what appertains to a Bank of England note - A. No, there is not.</p>
<p>COURT. Who does the first note belong to.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp.
<persName id="t18120513-20-person239"> George Glover
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person239" type="surname" value="Glover"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person239" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-20-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the next is that uttered to Tomlins.</p>
<p>Q. to Glover. Is that a Bank of England note - A. No, it is a forgery throughout as the other I have been just describing.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. This seems to me to be a most excellent note. It is a thing that a poor ignorant person would take for a Bank note - A. Surely.</p>
<p>Q. It is impossible for any body to say it is a bad note that is not in your secret - A. Certainly.</p>
<p>Q. A man that could read and write could not tell, much less a person that is ignorant, and no scholar, if they had not your secret - A. Surely.</p>
<p>COURT. Gentlemen of the Jury, Look at them together.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I wish the witnesses to be brought forward that were present at the time them notes were taken.</p>
<p>(The notes read.)</p>
<rs id="t18120513-20-verdict118" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-20-verdict118" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18120513-20-punish119" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-20-punish119" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-20-defend231 t18120513-20-punish119"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 34.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-21-defend241" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL COHEN
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<interp inst="t18120513-21-defend241" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-21-off120" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-21-off120" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-off120" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-21-off120 t18120513-21-cd121"/>, a silk handkerchief, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-21-victim243" type="victimName"> George Augustus Lingham
<interp inst="t18120513-21-victim243" type="surname" value="Lingham"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-victim243" type="given" value="George Augustus"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-victim243" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-21-off120 t18120513-21-victim243"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-21-person244"> GEORGE AUGUSTUS LINGHAM
<interp inst="t18120513-21-person244" type="surname" value="AUGUSTUS LINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-person244" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 24th of April last I was going up
<placeName id="t18120513-21-crimeloc122">Catherine-street in the Strand</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-crimeloc122" type="placeName" value="Catherine-street in the Strand"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-21-off120 t18120513-21-crimeloc122"/>, about eight o'clock in the evening, I thought I felt some person's hand in my pocket. A friend was walking with me; I turned round and saw my handkerchief in the hand of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Do you happen to know how long before that you had felt the handkerchief in your pocket - A. I knew my handkerchief was in my pocket ten minutes before, I should presume. I immediately when I saw the handkerchief in the prisoner's hand, went up to him, and he dropped the handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him drop it - A. I did. I picked it up. The prisoner run away, and I pursued him. I never lost sight of him for a moment. I took him in Somerset-place, and secured him. I took him to Bow-street, and he was committed. I have the handkerchief, I have kept it in my possession ever since. This is the handkerchief. It was in my outer coat-pocket when taken from me. It is my handkerchief.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence; called one witness, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-21-verdict123" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-21-verdict123" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 17.</p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-21-defend241 t18120513-21-punish124"/> Confined One Year in the House of Correction </rs>, and
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<interp inst="t18120513-21-punish125" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-21-punish125" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-21-defend241 t18120513-21-punish125"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-22-defend246" type="defendantName"> MARY CARTWRIGHT
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<interp inst="t18120513-22-defend246" type="age" value="48"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18120513-22-off126" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-22-off126 t18120513-22-cd127"/>, half a pound weight of sponge, value 6 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-22-victim248" type="victimName"> Thomas Giles
<interp inst="t18120513-22-victim248" type="surname" value="Giles"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-victim248" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-22-off126 t18120513-22-victim248"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-22-person249"> THOMAS GILES
<interp inst="t18120513-22-person249" type="surname" value="GILES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-person249" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-22-victim248 t18120513-22-viclabel128"/>, No. 52,
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<interp inst="t18120513-22-crimeloc129" type="placeName" value="Foley-street, Middlesex Hospital, in the parish of Marybone"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-22-off126 t18120513-22-crimeloc129"/>. The prisoner came into my shop on Wednesday last, the 6th of May, about half past six. I am sure she is the same person. I had half a pound of sponge tied up in paper, lying on the counter, I went into the shop, almost up against the parlour door; I thought she might be a customer come to buy something. As I was not in the shop she turned herself about, as I thought to rest herself against the counter. I went out of the parlour to her; she turned herself from the place where the sponge lay, and went out of the door. I missed the sponge immediately, and I knew that she must have it; before she got out of the shop. When I came out of the parlour I looked on the counter, and saw the sponge. I let her go out into the street.</p>
<p>Q. When you missed the sponge the prisoner was not gone out of the shop, why did not you seize the prisoner - A. I was a mind to see what she would do. I knew that she had got it. When she got out of the door she went down the street. I stood at my own door, and watched her. It is a short distance from my house to Ogle-street. She went up Ogle-street; I immediately ran after her and she went into a private house. That is the house where she lodged.</p>
<p>Q. You guessed that she lodged there - A. Yes. I did not know it till afterwards. I stood a little time at some distance from the door waiting; I thought she might return back again. She came out again in the course of two minutes; she was coming the same road back to Foley-street. I came back, and stood in my own shop until she past the door, and when she came past I went out and laid hold of her. I asked her what she had done with the sponge that she had stolen out
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130024"/> of my shop. She told me to be careful what I said; she never was in my shop in her life. I kept her in the house until a gentleman came past; his name is Sims. I charged him with the woman. He is a constable. He took her to the watchhouse. I went with him. At the watchhouse she gave the constable a key, and said that she had stolen the sponge.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell her it would be better for her to confess - A. I told her I would forgive her if she would confess. I saw her give the constable a key.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-22-person250"> GEORGE SIMS
<interp inst="t18120513-22-person250" type="surname" value="SIMS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-person250" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. I took the prisoner to the watchhouse; she gave me a key to search her room.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to the room according to her directions - A. I did. I took Mr. Giles and another man along with me, and the landlady of the house. I opened the door of the room where she directed me; I found fifteen pieces of sponge under the bed. The prisoner said it laid under the bed.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. That is the sponge that lay upon my counter, that I made up in a parcel. That is the right number. I know the sponge well; I have trimmed it with shears. I am sure it is my property.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. The gentleman said if I would confess he would give me a shilling, and I might go about my business. My lord, I leave myself entirely with you, and the gentlemen of the jury's mercy, and I pray for God's sake you will shew mercy.</p>
<p>GUILTY, aged 48,</p>
<rs id="t18120513-22-verdict130" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-22-verdict130" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-verdict130" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Of stealing under the value of 5 s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t18120513-22-punish131" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-22-punish131" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-22-defend246 t18120513-22-punish131"/> Confined Six Months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-22-punish132" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-22-punish132" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-22-punish132" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-22-defend246 t18120513-22-punish132"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-23-off133-c205" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-23-defend252 t18120513-23-off133 t18120513-23-verdict136"/>
<persName id="t18120513-23-defend252" type="defendantName"> JOHN JONES
<interp inst="t18120513-23-defend252" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-defend252" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-defend252" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-defend252" type="age" value="33"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-23-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-23-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-23-cd134" type="crimeDate">29th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-23-off133 t18120513-23-cd134"/>, a great coat, value 12 s. a pelisse, value 13 s. a waistcoat, value 6 s. and a pair of trowsers, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-23-victim254" type="victimName"> James Borros
<interp inst="t18120513-23-victim254" type="surname" value="Borros"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-victim254" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-victim254" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-23-off133 t18120513-23-victim254"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-23-person255"> WILLIAM APTED
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person255" type="surname" value="APTED"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person255" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<persName id="t18120513-23-person256"> James Borros
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person256" type="surname" value="Borros"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person256" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's shopman, No. 9,
<placeName id="t18120513-23-crimeloc135">Monmouth-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-crimeloc135" type="placeName" value="Monmouth-street"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-crimeloc135" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-23-off133 t18120513-23-crimeloc135"/>. On the 29th of April, about eight o'clock in the evening, I had occasion to go into the yard; I asked a little boy to mind the door for me. I had not been gone more than two or three minutes before a little girl ran to me, and said the shop had been robbed, and her father had taken the prisoner with the things, and had got him in the shop. I hastened in, and I saw the prisoner there; I asked him how he came to take them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing upon him - A. Yes. Mr. Clarke, the witness, had taken him. I asked the little boy where he was when the prisoner stole the things; he told me that the prisoner came and knocked him down. This he said in the prisoner's presence. The prisoner said nothing. He said, when the man stole the things, he called his father, and told him a man has stolen a coat, and his father ran out and saw the prisoner going round the corner with the things on his arm; he brought them back into the shop. Mr. Clarke had taken them from the prisoner, he gave them to me; they are here. This is the great coat, it is the property of
<persName id="t18120513-23-person257"> James Borros
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person257" type="surname" value="Borros"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person257" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he keeps a clothes shop. A lady's pelisse, a waistcoat, and a pair of nankeen trowsers; they are Mr. Borros's. They are altogether worth one pound sixteen shillings and sixpence.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-23-person258"> HENRY CLARKE
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person258" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person258" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-23-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I work in the kitchen underneath the shop of Borros. I heard the boy sing out, father; the man has stolen a coat; I ran up stairs; I saw a man going round the corner of Great St. Andrew-street with these clothes upon his arm. I pursued the prisoner, and brought him back with these clothes into the shop, and to the best of my recollection these are the things that I took from the prisoner, I gave them to Apted.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I know myself guilty of taking them. I leave it to the mercy of the court. I was really distressed.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-23-verdict136" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-23-verdict136" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 33.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-23-punish137" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-23-punish137" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-23-defend252 t18120513-23-punish137"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-24-off138-c211" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-24-defend260 t18120513-24-off138 t18120513-24-verdict142"/>
<persName id="t18120513-24-defend260" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM JAQUES
<interp inst="t18120513-24-defend260" type="surname" value="JAQUES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-defend260" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-defend260" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-defend260" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-24-off138" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-24-off138" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-off138" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-24-cd139" type="crimeDate">25th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-24-off138 t18120513-24-cd139"/>, a silver wine strainer, value 30 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-24-victim262" type="victimName"> Iltid Nicholl
<interp inst="t18120513-24-victim262" type="surname" value="Nicholl"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-victim262" type="given" value="Iltid"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-victim262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and a seal, value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t18120513-24-victim264" type="victimName"> Francis Hunt
<interp inst="t18120513-24-victim264" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-victim264" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-victim264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-24-person265"> FRANCIS HUNT
<interp inst="t18120513-24-person265" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-person265" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 25th of April, between the hours of five and six in the evening, I saw the prisoner coming out of the pantry of Iltid Nicholl.
<rs id="t18120513-24-viclabel140" type="occupation">esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-24-victim262 t18120513-24-viclabel140"/>. 55,
<placeName id="t18120513-24-crimeloc141">Lincoln's Inn Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-crimeloc141" type="placeName" value="Lincoln's Inn Fields"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-crimeloc141" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-24-off138 t18120513-24-crimeloc141"/>. I asked the prisoner what he wanted; I asked him the second time what he wanted; he gave no answer neither the first time nor the second, and perceiving him going away I supposed he was a robber. I immediately ran after him.</p>
<p>Q. Does your pantry go through the area - A. Yes. There is a passage door, and the pantry is further on. There is an area-door, and two other doors before you come into the pantry.</p>
<p>Q. I understood you to say that you saw him come out of the pantry - A. I did, and upon seeing him go off I ran after him, and came up to him in Duke-street. I took him by the collar into a public-house, into the tap-room; I immediately sent for my master, and likewise for Taunton, an officer of Bow-street; he searched him, and found the property on him in my presence. A silver wine strainer was found on him, and a metal seal.</p>
<p>Q. Did you happen to know of your own knowledge that this wine strainer was in the pantry - A. I am certain of it. I had been decanting wine five minutes before, and used the wine strainer.</p>
<p>Q. How came the seal there - A. I bought it a little while ago, and it laid on the shelf. I had seen the seal on the shelf not half an hour before the prisoner came out of the pantry. The prisoner was secured.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-24-person266"> SAMUEL TAUNTON
<interp inst="t18120513-24-person266" type="surname" value="TAUNTON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-person266" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-24-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Do you remember being sent for to the public-house in Duke-street - A. I do; on the 25th of April last. I searched the prisoner, in his pocket I found the upper part of a wine strainer, and a metal seal; I have had them in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I am a young man; I have a wife and two children. Poverty induced me to do this act for which I now stand before you.</p>
<p>The prisoner called one witness, who gave him a good character.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130025"/>
<rs id="t18120513-24-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-24-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 30.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-24-punish143" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-24-punish143" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-24-defend260 t18120513-24-punish143"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-25-off144-c216" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-25-defend268 t18120513-25-off144 t18120513-25-verdict146"/>
<persName id="t18120513-25-defend268" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM GERRARD, alias
<rs id="t18120513-25-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-25-defend268 t18120513-25-alias-1"/>WILLIAM GERRARD COLLINS</rs>
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<interp inst="t18120513-25-defend268" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-defend268" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-defend268" type="age" value="26"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-25-off144" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-25-off144" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-off144" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-25-cd145" type="crimeDate">17th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-25-off144 t18120513-25-cd145"/>, a bushel of coals, value 18 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-25-victim270" type="victimName"> Edward Wood
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim270" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim270" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18120513-25-victim272" type="victimName"> Richard Wood
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim272" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim272" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18120513-25-victim274" type="victimName"> William Wood
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim274" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim274" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18120513-25-victim276" type="victimName"> Thomas Hall
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim276" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim276" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18120513-25-victim278" type="victimName"> Leonard Phillips
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim278" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim278" type="given" value="Leonard"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-victim278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-25-person279"> JOHN THOMAS TRENT
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person279" type="surname" value="THOMAS TRENT"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person279" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am foreman to Edward, William, and
<persName id="t18120513-25-person280"> Richard Wood
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person280" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person280" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18120513-25-person281"> Thomas Hall
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person281" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person281" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18120513-25-person282"> Leonard Phillips
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person282" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person282" type="given" value="Leonard"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-25-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 17th of April last I was returning from our barge builders, on the south side of the river Thames, to the north side. I saw a man taking coals out of a barge.</p>
<p>Q. Where did the barge lay - A. About fifty yards below Mr. Wood's wharf, on the Middlesex side of the river.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner one of the men - A. He was, it was about eight o'clock in the morning. I rowed the boat towards them. I saw one man in the barge, and the prisoner in the boat alongside of the barge.</p>
<p>Q. Was the man in the barge doing any thing with the coals - A. I saw the man in the barge lift a basket of coals up three times on the gunnel, the prisoner each time took the basket off the gunnel; I saw the prisoner shoot the coals out of the basket in the boat. I immediately rowed alongside of the boat, I stepped into the boat where the prisoner was in. I said to the prisoner you must go along with me immediately to our wharf, you have been taking coals out of this barge.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the man that was with him - A man of the name of Groves was in the head room of the barge, when I seized the prisoner the prisoner clung to the barge, to hold the boat alongside of the barge, for the other man to step into the boat. Groves came upon the gunnel of the barge, I found he wanted to get into the boat along with the prisoner. I shoved the boat off the barge; the prisoner begged very hard for me to let the other man come in. I took one scull away and immediately rowed the prisoner to Mr. Wood's wharf, and before I got to the wharf the other man that was in the barge called a boat along side and was rowed over the water. I rowed the prisoner into our dock, and sent for Mr. Wood. An officer came to take the prisoner into custody, and while the officer was there we took the coals out of the boat and put them into two sacks, these coals were the property of Messrs. Wood and Co.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence; called five witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-25-verdict146" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-25-verdict146" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 26.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-25-punish147" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-25-punish147" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-25-defend268 t18120513-25-punish147"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18120513-26-defend284" type="defendantName"> MARY CARTHY
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<interp inst="t18120513-26-defend284" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-defend284" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-defend284" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-26-off148" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-26-off148" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-off148" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-26-cd149" type="crimeDate">23d of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-26-off148 t18120513-26-cd149"/>, twelve yards of ribbon, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-26-victim286" type="victimName"> Michael Smith
<interp inst="t18120513-26-victim286" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-victim286" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-victim286" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-26-off148 t18120513-26-victim286"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-26-person287"> MICHAEL SMITH
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person287" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person287" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t18120513-26-crimeloc150">St James's parish, Clerkenwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-crimeloc150" type="placeName" value="St James's parish, Clerkenwell"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-crimeloc150" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-26-off148 t18120513-26-crimeloc150"/>; I
<rs id="t18120513-26-viclabel151" type="occupation">deal in haberdashery</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-26-victim286 t18120513-26-viclabel151"/> principally. On the 23d of April, about half past four o'clock, the prisoner came to my shop and requested to look at some black ribbons; the drawer was produced, and by her manner I rather suspected her. She then enquired for black figured ribbons; I told her I had no black figures - she was perhaps ten minutes at the counter.</p>
<p>Q. Did you shew her any thing besides the black ribbons - A. No. There were three pieces on the counter, she conveyed one piece to the edge of the counter, in her clothes; she endeavoured to hide that piece by the corner of her shawl; she then said none of them would answer her purpose, my answer was, very well; I put the drawer in its place, and she went out; I followed her to the door, and when the shawl was attempted to be thrown over the ribbon, I saw a white paper on the ribbon, and as she got off the step of the door I took hold of her arm, and said what have you done with the ribbon, she said she had got none: I brought her back into the shop, and at the same time the witness Turner gave me the ribbon, and said, sir, I believe this is your ribbon. She strongly denied that she ever meddled with the ribbon.
<persName id="t18120513-26-person288"> Leah Wasfold
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person288" type="surname" value="Wasfold"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person288" type="given" value="Leah"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person288" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came in the shop, and said she saw her drop it. The officer had the ribbon till last week, and then he delivered it to me, saying his presence would not be necessary here; I know this is the same piece of ribbon that was brought into the shop by
<persName id="t18120513-26-person289"> James Edward Turner
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person289" type="surname" value="Edward Turner"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person289" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he put his initials upon it when he brought it in; it is my property.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-26-person290"> JAMES EDWARD TURNER
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person290" type="surname" value="EDWARD TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person290" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Pentonville. I saw the prisoner come out of the prosecutor's shop, and as she came out of the shop I saw a piece of ribbon pass by my feet, I picked it up and took it into the shop and gave it Mr. Smith; the prisoner was then in the shop. It was about a quarter before five; this is the same piece I gave to Mr. Smith, I put my initials on it.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-26-person291"> LEAH WASFOLD
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person291" type="surname" value="WASFOLD"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person291" type="given" value="LEAH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-person291" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Do you remember seeing the prisoner on the 23d of April last - A. Yes; I saw her come out of Mr. Smith's shop, I saw the prisoner drop this ribbon from her clothes. As Mr. Smith laid hold of her arm she had just got on the pavement, off the steps.</p>
<p>Q. You went into the shop did not you - A. Yes; I heard the prisoner deny having the ribbon, I asked her how she could deny it when I saw her drop it.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in her defence, nor called any witnessess to her character.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-26-verdict152" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-26-verdict152" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 22.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-26-punish153" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-26-punish153" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-punish153" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-26-defend284 t18120513-26-punish153"/> Confined One Year in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-26-punish154" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-26-punish154" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-26-punish154" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-26-defend284 t18120513-26-punish154"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Graham.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-27">
<interp inst="t18120513-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-27-off155-c233" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-defend293 t18120513-27-off155 t18120513-27-verdict159"/>
<persName id="t18120513-27-defend293" type="defendantName"> SARAH JAMES
<interp inst="t18120513-27-defend293" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-defend293" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-defend293" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-defend293" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-27-off155" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-27-off155" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-off155" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-27-cd156" type="crimeDate">30th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-off155 t18120513-27-cd156"/>, a table-cloth, value 4 s. half a yard of linen cloth, value 6 d. and a quarter of a yard of muslin, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-27-victim295" type="victimName"> Matthew Harrison
<interp inst="t18120513-27-victim295" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-victim295" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-victim295" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-off155 t18120513-27-victim295"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-27-person296"> ELIZABETH HARRISON
<interp inst="t18120513-27-person296" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-person296" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-person296" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was present at the time the articles in the indictment were found. I live at
<placeName id="t18120513-27-crimeloc157">Eaton cottage, Hornsey</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-crimeloc157" type="placeName" value="Eaton cottage, Hornsey"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-crimeloc157" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-off155 t18120513-27-crimeloc157"/>, the prisoner was my
<rs id="t18120513-27-deflabel158" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-defend293 t18120513-27-deflabel158"/>; she had lived with us about twenty months. We missed a number of articles, and not having any persons coming to the house, suspicion fell on the prisoner. I requested each of my servants to have their boxes searched; a fortnight ago I searched them. As I was searching the box of the upper servant I observed the prisoner take something out of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181205130026"/> one of her boxes and throw it under the bed; I requested to know what it was, she said immediately, it was only a bit of brown Holland, she crept under the bed, snatched it up and unpinned it. I saw some things fall from it as she did so; I called Mr. Harrison up stairs, the other servant was present; my husband saw her secrete the things under the bed. The bedstead was then lifted up by the other servant, and from under the bedstead was produced a table-cloth and a bit of India muslin, and a small piece of brown Holland. These are the articles, they are all cut off different pieces.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-27-person297"> ELLEN LIPTRAP
<interp inst="t18120513-27-person297" type="surname" value="LIPTRAP"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-person297" type="given" value="ELLEN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-person297" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a servant of Mr. Harrison's.</p>
<p>Q. Where you present in the room when the prisoner's box was searched - A. Yes; my mistress requested to look in our boxes, and while she was looking in my box I saw my mistress observed something, and after she had done looking in my box she looked in hers; she found nothing of consequence. She asked her what she had throwed under the bed, the prisoner said it was only a bit of brown Holland; she then called master up. The prisoner crept under the bed and tried to conceal them, and master brought out a table-cloth from under the bed; mistress said, good God! here is my table cloth. The prisoner said it was her mother's, and the piece of sprigged muslin, she said she bought in Bishopsgate-street, but she could not tell what shop she bought it at.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I should suppose that the things were taken into the room by some of the children, who were frequently making dolls.</p>
<p>The prisoner called one witness, who gave her a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-27-verdict159" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-27-verdict159" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 18.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-27-punish160" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-27-punish160" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-punish160" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-defend293 t18120513-27-punish160"/> Confined One Year in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t18120513-27-punish161" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-27-punish161" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-27-punish161" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-27-defend293 t18120513-27-punish161"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18120513-28">
<interp inst="t18120513-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-28-off162-c237" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-28-defend299 t18120513-28-off162 t18120513-28-verdict164"/>
<persName id="t18120513-28-defend299" type="defendantName"> JOHN DRAPER
<interp inst="t18120513-28-defend299" type="surname" value="DRAPER"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-defend299" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-defend299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-28-off162" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-28-off162" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-off162" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-28-cd163" type="crimeDate">15th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-28-off162 t18120513-28-cd163"/>, forty-four pounds weight of iron, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-28-victim301" type="victimName"> William Birch
<interp inst="t18120513-28-victim301" type="surname" value="Birch"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-victim301" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-victim301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18120513-28-victim303" type="victimName"> Charles Lucas Birch
<interp inst="t18120513-28-victim303" type="surname" value="Birch"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-victim303" type="given" value="Charles Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-victim303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t18120513-28-verdict164" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-28-verdict164" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-28-verdict164" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> The prosecutor and witnesses were called, and not appearing in Court, their recognizances were ordered to be estreated </rs>, and the prisoner was</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29" type="year" value="1812"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18120513"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-29-off165-c240" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-29-defend305 t18120513-29-off165 t18120513-29-verdict169"/>
<persName id="t18120513-29-defend305" type="defendantName"> ELIZA MOREN
<interp inst="t18120513-29-defend305" type="surname" value="MOREN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-defend305" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-defend305" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-defend305" type="age" value="24"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-29-off165" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-29-off165" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-off165" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<placeName id="t18120513-29-crimeloc166">28th of April</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-crimeloc166" type="placeName" value="28th of April"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-crimeloc166" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-29-off165 t18120513-29-crimeloc166"/>, a sheet, value 3 s. a pair of stockings, value 1 s. and a shawl, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-29-victim307" type="victimName"> Catherine Duggen
<interp inst="t18120513-29-victim307" type="surname" value="Duggen"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-victim307" type="given" value="Catherine"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-victim307" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-29-off165 t18120513-29-victim307"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18120513-29-person308"> CATHERINE DUGGEN
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person308" type="surname" value="DUGGEN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person308" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person308" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t18120513-29-crimeloc167">Golden-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-crimeloc167" type="placeName" value="Golden-lane"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-crimeloc167" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-29-off165 t18120513-29-crimeloc167"/>. The prisoner lived
<rs id="t18120513-29-deflabel168" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-29-defend305 t18120513-29-deflabel168"/> with me between four and five months, she left me ten week ago yesterday</p>
<p>Q. After she had left your service did you miss any thing - A. I missed many things before she went away.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you have some of the things here have not you - A. Some of them.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-29-person309"> THOMAS WITWORTH
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person309" type="surname" value="WITWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person309" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an apprentice to Mr. Gascoyne, pawnbroker, 104, White-Cross street. On the 6th of January the prisoner came to our shop and pledged a sheet for three shillings, this is the sheet.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. It is my sheet; the prisoner lived with me in January last. I missed a sheet before she went away.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-29-person310"> THOMAS DUTTON
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person310" type="surname" value="DUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person310" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am shopman to Mr. Crouch, pawnbroker, in Fore-street. I produce a shawl, I took it in pledge on the 28th of March, of one of the witnesses that is here of the name of Duffy.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-29-person311"> MARGARET DUFFY
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person311" type="surname" value="DUFFY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person311" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-29-person311" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner when she left the service of the prosecutrix, she came to live with me; then in the course of eight or nine days after she was short of money, she told me to pawn a shawl and a gown. I pawned them at Mr. Crouch's, and brought the money to her.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. The shawl is mine.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I bought the shawl with the money I got for my Christmas box, I bought the sheet in Brick-lane, for four shillings and sixpence, I thought as I had not a box to put it in, it was safer to put it in pawn; she never missed a sheet until after my duplicates were found. The constable took all my duplicates from me. My mistress never missed a sheet.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-29-verdict169" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-29-verdict169" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 24.</p>
<rs id="t18120513-29-punish170" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-29-punish170" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-29-defend305 t18120513-29-punish170"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Grose.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18120513-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30" type="year" value="1812"/>
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<interp inst="t18120513-30" type="date" value="18120513"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18120513-30-off171-c246" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-30-defend313 t18120513-30-off171 t18120513-30-verdict174"/>
<persName id="t18120513-30-defend313" type="defendantName"> ANN GOODLAKE
<interp inst="t18120513-30-defend313" type="surname" value="GOODLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-defend313" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-defend313" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-defend313" type="age" value="20"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18120513-30-off171" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18120513-30-off171" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-off171" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18120513-30-cd172" type="crimeDate">8th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-30-off171 t18120513-30-cd172"/>, a sheet, value 5 s. a pair of pantaloons, value 5 s. a shirt, value 5 s. a petticoat, value 2 s. and six yards of linen, value 12 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18120513-30-victim315" type="victimName"> William Smith
<interp inst="t18120513-30-victim315" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-victim315" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-victim315" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-30-off171 t18120513-30-victim315"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>MRS. SMITH. My husband's name is
<persName id="t18120513-30-person316"> William Smith
<interp inst="t18120513-30-person316" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-person316" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; we live at the
<placeName id="t18120513-30-crimeloc173">Angel, in Clare-street, a public house</placeName>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-crimeloc173" type="placeName" value="Angel, in Clare-street, a public house"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-crimeloc173" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18120513-30-off171 t18120513-30-crimeloc173"/>. I had been in the country six weeks, upon my return I missed several things that lay in my room.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any lodgers - A. No, only myself and my husband.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner before that time - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Had she ever been in your lodgings - A. Yes, she had the key of the room to make the bed for my husband whilst I was in the country.</p>
<p>Q. What day was it you returned from the country - A. On Thursday, the 7th of May. Mr. Craig searched the prisoner's lodgings on the Saturday following, the prisoner was there; he found a petticoat and some small things, the other things were found at the pawnbrokers.</p>
<persName id="t18120513-30-person317"> WILLIAM CRAIG
<interp inst="t18120513-30-person317" type="surname" value="CRAIG"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-person317" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18120513-30-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer. On Saturday the 9th of May, I searched the prisoner's lodgings, Mr. Smith was with me; I found the prisoner at home. On searching the drawer in the prisoner's apartme