<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS On the KING's Commission of the PEACE OYER AND TERMINER, AND GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, AND ALSO THE GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, HELD AT Justice-Hall, in the Old Bailey, On WEDNESDAY the 20th of FEBRUARY, 1811, and following Days;
<persName id="f18110220-1-person1"> JOSHUA JONATHAN SMITH
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person1" type="surname" value="JONATHAN SMITH"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person1" type="given" value="JOSHUA"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , LORD-MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS On the KING's Commission of the PEACE, OYER AND TERMINER, AND GOAL DELIVERY FOR THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<p>Before the Right-honorable
<persName id="f18110220-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> JOSHUA JONATHAN SMITH
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person2" type="surname" value="JONATHAN SMITH"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person2" type="given" value="JOSHUA"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Lord Mayor of the City of London;
<persName id="f18110220-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> John Heath
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person3" type="surname" value="Heath"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person3" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq. one of the Justices of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<persName id="f18110220-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> George Wood
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person4" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person4" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir
<persName id="f18110220-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> John Bailey
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person5" type="surname" value="Bailey"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person5" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; Sir
<persName id="f18110220-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> William Curtis
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person6" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person6" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , bart. Sir
<persName id="f18110220-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> John Eamer
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person7" type="surname" value="Eamer"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. Sir
<persName id="f18110220-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> William Leighton
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person8" type="surname" value="Leighton"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person8" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knt. Aldermen of the said City;
<persName id="f18110220-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> John Silvester
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person9" type="surname" value="Silvester"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person9" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq. Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="f18110220-1-person10" type="judiciaryName"> Claudius Stephen Hunter
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person10" type="surname" value="Stephen Hunter"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person10" type="given" value="Claudius"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq.
<persName id="f18110220-1-person11" type="judiciaryName"> Matthew Wood
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person11" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq.
<persName id="f18110220-1-person12" type="judiciaryName"> William Jacob
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person12" type="surname" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person12" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , esq; Aldermen of the said City; and Newman Knowlys, esq. Common-serjeant of the said City; His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Goal Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person13" type="jurorName"> John Johnson
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person13" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person13" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Edward Cowdell
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person14" type="surname" value="Cowdell"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person14" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Christopher Wilson
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person15" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person15" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Robert Humm
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person16" type="surname" value="Humm"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person16" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person17" type="jurorName"> William Gatwood
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person17" type="surname" value="Gatwood"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person17" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Arthur Tite
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person18" type="surname" value="Tite"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person18" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person19" type="jurorName"> John Schofield
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person19" type="surname" value="Schofield"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person19" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Richard Gould
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person20" type="surname" value="Gould"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person20" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person21" type="jurorName"> William Howse
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person21" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Joseph Phillips
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person22" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person23" type="jurorName"> John Blood
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person23" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person24" type="jurorName"> William Crew
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person24" type="surname" value="Crew"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person24" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Thomas Oliver
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person25" type="surname" value="Oliver"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person25" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Warren
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>William Gibbs Roberts,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Thomas Fisher
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person27" type="surname" value="Fisher"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person27" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person28" type="jurorName"> James Smith
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person28" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person28" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Thomas Humney
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person29" type="surname" value="Humney"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person29" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Henry Ramsey
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person30" type="surname" value="Ramsey"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person30" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Thomas Daplin,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Michael Biggs
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person31" type="surname" value="Biggs"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person31" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Joseph Hancock
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person32" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Thomas Allwright
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person33" type="surname" value="Allwright"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person33" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person34" type="jurorName"> William Berry
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person34" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person34" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person35" type="jurorName"> Henry Robley
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person35" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person36" type="jurorName"> William Watts
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person36" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person37" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person37" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person38" type="jurorName"> John Barker
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person38" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person39" type="jurorName"> James Vallance
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person39" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person40" type="jurorName"> Joseph Sweetman
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person40" type="surname" value="Sweetman"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person40" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person41" type="jurorName"> John Douglas
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person41" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Joseph Konder
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person42" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Thomas Parnell
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person43" type="surname" value="Parnell"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person43" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person44" type="jurorName"> Thomas Dormer
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person44" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person45" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Abbott
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person45" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f18110220-1-person46" type="jurorName"> George Wright
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<interp inst="f18110220-1-person46" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f18110220-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>There being no evidence adduced, the prisoner was</p>
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<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-2-off6 t18110220-2-cd5"/>, five bushels of wheat, value 50 s </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-2-victim53" type="victimName"> James Vaughan
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<persName id="t18110220-2-defend55" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HAYDEN
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<persName id="t18110220-2-person56"> GEORGE FIELD
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<interp inst="t18110220-2-person56" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mr. Vaughan of
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-2-off6 t18110220-2-crimeloc7"/>. On the 4th of December, in the morning, about seven o'clock, I saw my master's barn had been broken open; there was a large mark of iron in several places; the rest of the iron had been left on the door.</p>
<p>Q. Was any wheat gone - A. Yes, about five bushels, or five bushels and a half. It had been thrashed; it was lying in a range at the further end of the barn. It was not light then, but when it was light I traced a footstep, and likewise a track of chaff across Mr. Vaughan's meadow to the premiseses of
<persName id="t18110220-2-person57"> Thomas Hayden
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<p>Q. Were you with the officer when they searched his premises that afternoon - A. Yes. They found two parcels of wheat, much about the same quantity that was lost. I said, before the sacks were opened, if it was Vaughan's wheat it was red wheat, mixed with white; the long chaff was gone, but the small chaff dust and seeds remained. I had no doubt of it being Mr. Vaughan's wheat.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Red wheat is not peculiar to Mr. Vaughan, other people might have wheat like it - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. This red wheat was mixed with white, and there was dust with it, and seeds - A. Yes, but I have no doubt of its being Mr. Vaughan's property.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-2-person58"> CHARLES COOK
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person58" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person58" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a police officer of Hatton Garden office. On the 4th of December I went down with Mr. Vaughan to his barn door, it appeared to have been broken open by an iron instrument, by some rust being on the door. I went to Old Hayden's house, he was at home sitting by the fire; I went to search his house; I had no warrant; I asked him for the candle that was on the table, he said he would be d - d if I should have it; he said he had killed many men in his time, and he would not mind killing me.</p>
<p>Mr. Gurney. Hayden the elder has been a soldier.</p>
<p>Cook. I sent to the next door and got a candle, I then went up stairs, I found a bushel of flour; I found the wheat in the back kitchen, or washhouse, it was in sacks, and covered over with two or three trusses of straw. I asked his wife in his presence how it came there, she said she did not know, she was sure it was not there at six o'clock the night before. He said nothing to it. I told Old Haydon he must go to town with me; he said he would not go; I then went to Young Hayden's house, there I found this crow, it is an implement of husbandry, and a sack of Mr. Vaughan's.
<persName id="t18110220-2-person59"> Young Hayden
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person59" type="surname" value="Hayden"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person59" type="given" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was not at home. I took this crow to Mr. Vaughan's barn door, it fitted the impressions where it had been broken open; I took
<persName id="t18110220-2-person60"> Thomas Hayden
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person60" type="surname" value="Hayden"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person60" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , junior, in custody about half an hour after I searched the house.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-2-person61"> GEORGE PRIOR
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person61" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person61" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mr. Whithall. I heard of the Haydens being taken up.</p>
<p>Q. At an early hour the same morning as they were taken up on the evening were you going to Whetstone to fetch your master - A. Yes, by the Chase side, near Windmill hill; I saw two persons, they were going the same way as I was. I was walking my horse, it was about three o'clock, it was a light morning; I asked them what o'clock it was; they gave me no answer. They had a sack each. One was a short man, he had a lighter load than the tall man. I think I have seen one of them since, I think it to be young Hayden. I saw him when he was examined about a week after, he had the same coat on then I think.</p>
<p>Q. You were to have been here the last Sessions - A. Yes. I have been obliged to stop away from Enfield ever since. I have been threated by the prisoner's wife, not by either of the prisoners. At the magistrate's I had no knowledge of the man, only the dress.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-2-person62"> JAMES VAUGHAN
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person62" type="surname" value="VAUGHAN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person62" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. How early in the morning of the 4th of December did you find your barn broken open - A.About seven in the morning. I judged there were five or six bushels taken from the wheat. I have no doubt the wheat found at Old Hayden's to be mine. I have a sample of my wheat here, it is impossible to be mistaken.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-2-person63"> THOMAS COLLARD
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person63" type="surname" value="COLLARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person63" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are Mr. Vaughan's thrasher - A. Yes. I saw the born door secure on the night before. I came in the morning about half past six, I found the door a little matter open, the lock broken, and some of the wheat gone. I saw the wheat found at Old Hayden's, I believe it to be my master's property.</p>
<p>Hayden, junior's, Defence. I was not at home all the harvert. It was corn that my wife gleaned there are witnesses here that saw my wife glean it.</p>
<p>Hayden's, senior, Defence. My sons wife gleaned this corn, and brought it to me to clean it.</p>
<p>MARY EAGLETON. I am the sister to
<persName id="t18110220-2-person64"> Young Hayden
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person64" type="surname" value="Hayden"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person64" type="given" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know that his wife was three days thrashing that corn.</p>
<p>MRS. ELLIS. Q. Do you know both the Haydens - A. Yes; I have known the old man twenty he is going eighty. I saw young Hayden's wife seesing wheat, in Mr. Slaters field. These was red and white wheat, and all kind.</p>
<p>Q. Do you at all know of your own knowledge what she gleaned - A. I should think they might glean four or five bushel in the course of the harvest.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-2-person65"> Baron Wood
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person65" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person65" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-2-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18110220-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3" type="year" value="1811"/>
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<interp inst="t18110220-3" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-3-off9-c62" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-3-defend67 t18110220-3-off9 t18110220-3-verdict11"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200004"/>183.
<persName id="t18110220-3-defend67" type="defendantName"> JOHN HAYDEN
<interp inst="t18110220-3-defend67" type="surname" value="HAYDEN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-defend67" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-defend67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Junior, was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-3-off9" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-3-off9" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-off9" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-3-cd10" type="crimeDate">10th of November, in the 49th year of his Majesty's reign</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-3-off9 t18110220-3-cd10"/>, a mahogany table, value 2 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-3-victim69" type="victimName"> George Cape
<interp inst="t18110220-3-victim69" type="surname" value="Cape"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-victim69" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-victim69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-3-off9 t18110220-3-victim69"/> </persName> , since deceased.</p>
<p>MRS. CAPE. I am the widow of
<persName id="t18110220-3-person70"> George Cape
<interp inst="t18110220-3-person70" type="surname" value="Cape"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-person70" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he was living in November, 1808; we had a garden, and in it was a summer house, and a mahogany table in it; the table was stolen away in the night; we found the table last month; I know it is mine, it is in court. It was lost in 1808.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-3-person71"> WILLIAM FRAMPTON
<interp inst="t18110220-3-person71" type="surname" value="FRAMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-person71" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-3-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. In the month of August 1809 did you purchase a table of the prisoner - A. I did. My wife is a midwife, she attended the prisoners wife. The prisoner brought the table to me, I was to give him two pound for the table; he owed me a pair of smallclothes, and I gave him another table for it; he brought it to my house about seven or eight o'clock in the evening; it was quite light; he was seen publicly to bring it by the neighbours.</p>
<p>The prisoner was not put on his defence.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-3-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-3-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-4-defend72" type="defendantName"> EDWARD DEACON
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend72" type="surname" value="DEACON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend72" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend72" type="age" value="58"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18110220-4-defend74" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH DEACON
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend74" type="surname" value="DEACON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend74" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend74" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18110220-4-defend76" type="defendantName"> FRANCES WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend76" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend76" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-defend76" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-4-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-4-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> that they, on the
<rs id="t18110220-4-cd13" type="crimeDate">16th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-4-off12 t18110220-4-cd13"/>, one piece of base counterfeit coin, resembling the current silver coin of this kingdom, called a sixpence, falsely and traiterously did colour with materials, producing the colour of silver </rs>; and</p>
<p>FIVE OTHER COUNTS for like offence, only varying the manner of charging them.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person77"> JOHN OWEN
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person77" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person77" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . In the month of October last had you a house in Orange-court, Drury-lane - A. Yes. I am a shoemaker.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar - A. Yes, very well. Mrs. Deacon was the first I saw; she came to me in the month of October, to take a two pair of stairs room I had to left; I left her the room; she told me that her husband was a shoemaker, and they would be with me the following day. She and her husband came the following day.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see the prisoner Williams - A. On the following day. The prisoner Williams lived there all the time to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. How soon did you observe any thing - A. Some weeks elapsed before I made any observation. From the difference of the hammering I knew it was not our business; I had a suspicion, I took the opportunity to make myself certain that it was what I expected; I made a crevise in the partition, so that I could see well into the room. I saw him rubbing as it were with his thumbs shillings or sixpences.</p>
<p>COURT. Some pieces - A. Yes; and I saw him use also a brush. The three prisoners were all there to my knowledge then. I saw Mrs. Deacon standing between her husband and the fire place, handing different articles from the fire to him.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. What articles - A. They seemed to be something out of a tin pot that was going backwards and forwards I cannot describe them, but they were something. This was about a fortnight before they were taken; I gave information at the office. At one time I saw Deacon give some silver to Williams; she wrapped it up in paper, and put it in her pocket. There were various people came after them, particularly a Jew.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person78"> SAMUEL LACK
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person78" type="surname" value="LACK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person78" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer belonging to Bow-street office. In consequence of a warrant granted by Mr. Read, I went with Clark, Donaldson, and Vickrey, to the prisoners lodgings, No. 4, Change-court, Drury-lane, on Wednesday, January the 16th, between twelve and one in the day. When I got there Vickrey shoved open the door; I went in and seized Williams. Deacon and his wife were on each side of the fire; Williams was sitting under the window; I laid hold of Williams by the pocket, and held her till some conversation took place between Deacon and Vickrey. I found in her pocket two sixpences and a piece of blacking. I then searched Mrs. Deacon, I found two good shillings and a piece of blacking; I found no counterfeit money upon her. Then I proceeded to search the room; behind a box in the room I found a paper of whitening, and several pieces of leather, they appeared to be damp; they are dirty, and appeared to have been used in polishing something with whiteness. I found this brush behind the same box. The bed was on the ground. Under the head of the bed I found an old pair of women's pockets, they seemed to be stained with aquafortis. On a board in the room I found a rag, stone, and a pair of scissars. In a rack under the window I found a brush sticking up, and another pair of scissars; there was some leather nailed against the wall; the scissars and brush were put in. Under a board under the window I found a piece of leather stained very much with aquafortis, and two fingerstalls, which were quite wet, in a pocket that was quite wet, it is not dry now, stained in the same manner as the leather. I found a small mixture in this paper which I cannot describe. I took the prisoners into custody.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. You met with no resistance, though you forced the door open - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. You found none of the parties doing wrong, and you found upon Williams two sixpences; they are not fit for circulation - A. They were fit for circulation at the time I found them; I should have taken them if I had gone for change.</p>
<p>JOHN CLARK. Q. You are an officer of Bow-street - A. I was at the time; I was with Vickrey and Lack; I searched the two Deacons; I found upon the man Deacon fourteen shillings, nine sixpences, and three half crowns, in his waistcoat pockets, all bad. I searched the mantle piece, I found six bad sixpences; I searched his breeches pockets, I found a bad sixpence, and a blank of the size of a shilling. I searched further, I found a bad dollar, and two blanks, one the size of a shilling, and the other a sixpence. I found some cuttings of silver in a paper, and some blacking in a tin cannister, and a little whitening.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person79"> JOHN VICKREY
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person79" type="surname" value="VICKREY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person79" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of Bow-street.</p>
<p>Q. You have been in the habit of apprehending persons in the same case of the prisoners before - A. Many; I was in company with Donaldson and the others; I was the first in the room, they followed me; Deacon (the man) was sitting on the right hand of the fire-place, the woman on the left, and Williams was sitting nearer the window, she was working at her needle, I told them we had a warrant to search that
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200005"/>room for counterfeit money, they made no reply, nor offered any resistance. Deacon offered to get off his seat, I desired him to sit still. I saw the officers find the things, they shewed them to me on the table. The two sixpences and the blacking was the first thing that was shewed me. Blacking is a thing that is used after the money is coloured. They rub the piece with blacking when it is coloured and bright, it takes off the polish and brightness.</p>
<p>Q. Is it common blacking. - A. It is a mixture of wax, tallow, and lamp black. It is not a sort of blacking that we should use for our shoes. I saw the whole that Lack found. I directed him to take care of them. Aquafortis with other things found in the house, would produce the colour of silver undoubtedly. After the silver is embibed in the mettle, aquafortis would bring it on the surface. Cream of tarter is an ingredient that is used for the purpose of putting a silver on the metal. I never knew whitening to be used. Scouring paper I have always found in these houses. The finger stalls, I have seen them, I have no doubt they were used for the purpose of colouring money. I do believe the cloths have been used for the purpose of wiping the money after having aquafortis on it. A bird cage was handed to me by Donaldson; in that bird cage, I found this aquafortis bottle. This is a bag of blanks.</p>
<p>Q. How many blanks are there. - A. There is above an hundred. Here are shillings, sixpences, half crowns, and a dollar or two. After I had been searching some time, Mrs. Deacon got from her seat, and under her chair where she sat, I found a counterfeit sixpence, it then appeared to have directly come from the hand of the finisher. In the same bag with the blanks, I found some pieces of silver, I have no doubt they were intended for making colour to put on the blanks. Here are some counterfeit half guineas, I found nothing to colour them. Here are four sixpences in the same place, that had been scoured ready for the process of colouring, they are complete to be coloured now, there was some cream of tartar in the same cage, and some sand paper. Some of these have been used for the purpose of rubbing metal, and this has not been used. These cloths were found in an old tea chest, they were then wet. I have no doubt but they had been washed out, there was a sufficient smell of aquafortis on them.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that found by Clerk in the man Deacon's pocket, is that a counterfeit. - A. It is, it has been coloured. These are the two sixpences found in Williams's pocket, these are very much changed coloured now, to what they were when found; and when produced to the magistrate, they were handed to me, they were then fit for circulation.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any appearance of any shoemaking in the apartment. - A. There was part of a shoemaker's kit, it did not appear that there was any carried on at that time. There were a great many old shoes about, but none appearing in a state of mending at that time.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person80"> RICHARD FRANKLIN
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person80" type="surname" value="FRANKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person80" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are one of the moniers of his Majesty's mint. - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that sixpence found upon the man. - A. It is a counterfeit.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these two found on Williams. - A. These are both like the remainder of the parcel taken out of Deacon's pocket, they are all bad; and the blanks that are not coloured are ready for the purpose of colouring for shillings, sixpences, and halfcrowns.</p>
<p>The prisoners left their defences to their counsel.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person81"> EDWARD DEACON
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person81" type="surname" value="DEACON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person81" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t18110220-4-verdict14" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-4-verdict14" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t18110220-4-punish15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-4-punish15" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-4-defend72 t18110220-4-punish15"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 58,</p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person82"> ELIZABETH DEACON
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person82" type="surname" value="DEACON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person82" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person82" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t18110220-4-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-4-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY. </rs> </p>
<persName id="t18110220-4-person83"> FRANCIS WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person83" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person83" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-4-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t18110220-4-verdict17" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-4-verdict17" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-5-defend85" type="defendantName"> AARON WITHERS
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<interp inst="t18110220-5-defend85" type="given" value="AARON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-defend85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18110220-5-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18110220-5-victim87" type="victimName"> Thomas Smeed
<interp inst="t18110220-5-victim87" type="surname" value="Smeed"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-victim87" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-victim87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , about the hour of three on the night of the
<rs id="t18110220-5-cd19" type="crimeDate">24th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-off18 t18110220-5-cd19"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-off20 t18110220-5-cd19"/>, and stealing therein eighteen watches, value 36 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-5-victim89" type="victimName"> George Seabrook
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<interp inst="t18110220-5-victim89" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-victim89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and
<persName id="t18110220-5-defend91" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM FREELAND
<interp inst="t18110220-5-defend91" type="surname" value="FREELAND"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-defend91" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-defend91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> for
<rs id="t18110220-5-off20" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-5-off20" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-off20" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving, on the
<rs id="t18110220-5-cd21" type="crimeDate">25th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-off18 t18110220-5-cd21"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-off20 t18110220-5-cd21"/>, seventeen watches, value 34 l. part of the said goods so burglariously stolen, he well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-5-person92"> GEORGE SEABROOK
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person92" type="surname" value="SEABROOK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person92" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-5-viclabel22" type="occupation">watchmaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-victim89 t18110220-5-viclabel22"/>, I live in the first floor of
<placeName id="t18110220-5-crimeloc23">the Brazen Head public-house, Lisson Green</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-crimeloc23" type="placeName" value="the Brazen Head public-house, Lisson Green"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-crimeloc23" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-off18 t18110220-5-crimeloc23"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-5-off20 t18110220-5-crimeloc23"/>,
<persName id="t18110220-5-person93"> Thomas Smead
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person93" type="surname" value="Smead"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person93" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> keeps the house, it is in the parish of
<persName id="t18110220-5-person94">Mary</persName> le bone. My watches were in the front room, one pair of stairs. On the night of the 24th of December I went to bed at twelve o'clock, the window was secured by brass and steel pins of both sides. The watches were hanging in the front of the window, so as in the day-time to be seen in the street, On Christmas day the 25th, in the morning between seven and eight, I found the wind come in very strong, I sleep in the same room, I arose up in my bed, I saw the window forced up, and the watches all gone.</p>
<p>Q. How many watches were gone. - A. Nineteen watches and a watch case. I have since seen them at the police office.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-5-person95"> HENRY EWER
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person95" type="surname" value="EWER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person95" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am shopman to Mr. Dobree, Oxford Street.</p>
<p>Q. On the 5th of January did the witness Quelch bring you any watch to pawn. - A. He did, I found the watch answered to the description of one of the watches in Mr. Seabrook's handbill, I stopped the watch and sent for an officer, I asked Quelch how he came by it, he said he bought it of a countryman.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-5-person96"> JAMES QUELCH
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person96" type="surname" value="QUELCH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person96" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a gardener, I live in the New Road, Paddington.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Withers. - A. Yes, I have known him eight or ten years or more. On the day before Christmas day, he called at my house in Circuit Street, New Road, Paddington, he asked me whether I was at work, I told him it was such a wet morning I could not go to work, he said he wanted to speak to me about a little job, he was going to a public-house the corner of the street, would I have any beer. We went together to the public-house, there he said if I would come in the morning to the Brazen Head, he would meet me there about nine or ten o'clock. I went there at ten o'clock at night, he was not there, I had two pints of beer and a pipe of tobacco. I staid there till past eleven, came out, and went past his house, I saw a light, I went in, he was sitting by the fire, he said</p>
<p>"Quelch, you are almost drunk," I said,</p>
<p>"I am not much better," he asked me to sit down, I did, and fell asleep.</p>
<p>Q. How far is his house from the Brazen Head. -
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200006"/>A. About two hundred yards. I sat there I do not know how long. He awoke me; then we went up the hill to the Brazen Head up Bell Street, he turned down Frost's Gardens, there is a chapel behind that, there he brought a ladder. As we made up the hill, we met a person, Withers told me it was Thorpe, Withers, said to Thorpe,</p>
<p>"holloa master, do not run over me," that was just before we got the ladder. I said,</p>
<p>"if that is Thorp, it is not his way home," he said</p>
<p>"he has come this way because the water is up." I knew Thorp very well, but I did not know him then. Thorp lives down Bates's Row, he could not go along the gravel pits, the water was flooded there after a fall of rain. Withers and I went behind the chapels, and he brought a ladder out.</p>
<p>Court. Then you did not go with him. - A. I stopped in Frost's passage, he went round the chapel and got the ladder. When we had got the ladder, we went down Bell Street the way we came up, we made a stop in Bell Street, there was a man and his wife next door to the Brazen Head quarrelling, a woman of the opposite side of the way came out with a light. After they were all gone, and all was quiet; we came up to the Brazen Head, he pointed up to the window, and said he was going to take these watches out, he laid the ladder down under a window on the opposite side of the way, we stopped there. Holmes and his wife were making a noise, when they were quiet, three men came down Bell Street, they knocked at the Brazen Head door, the door was not opened to them, they were in liquor; and stopped twenty minutes. After they were gone, Withers then took the ladder, and put it up against the window, he went up the ladder, and raised up the window at the bottom with a small pick axe, he took the watches out, which hung on a frame, he took the frame and all, and handed it down to me One of the watches fell of the frame on the ground, I took it up and put it in my pocket, that is the watch that I offered to pawn at Mr. Dobree's. Withers came off the ladder, we left it just as it was, under the window, and away we went. At Lisson Green he took the watches off the frame, and put them into his hat, I asked him what he meaned to do with them, he said, to take them to Freeland, I knew him, he is a broker, at the bottom of Quebeck Street, in York Street, I said,</p>
<p>"suppose Freeland will not take them," he said,</p>
<p>"he will take any thing, if he will not take them, you must take them to your house," I told him I would not have them in my house for any consideration, he said, he knew if he took them home. they would search his house immediately, I must take them to my house, nobody would have any suspicion of me. We both went to Freeland's house as the watch went four o'clock. We went to Freeland's back door, he went round before me; when I went round he was got in just as I got to the window, there was a light, I saw Withers and Freeland in the room, I saw where they put the watches, down on the table, Freeland was standing at the table, I went from the window, Withers came to me, he said, it was all right, I did not go into the house, Withers said, he had got a one pound note, and Freeland would settle the remainder another day, I went home then. I met him the next morning in Circuit Street, he gave me five shillings worth of half-pence, said, he should get the remainder of it the next day. On the evening of the next day, I saw him at the Royal Oak, Circuit Street. We went into Paddington Street. there he gave me four pounds four shillings more, he told me he got it off Freeland, that was my share. On the 5th of January, I pawned the watch I had at Dobree's, I was stopped, and I told this story directly, I have been in custody ever since.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. So you kept all this snug until you thought you should be prosecuted, and then you told it. You do not understand this, you are a lucky fellow. - A. I think I am very unlucky.</p>
<p>Q. Four pound nine shillings you received, you are lucky that you are not punished. - A. I do not know but I may be punished, I deserve to be punished.</p>
<p>Q. When was it you told this story first. - A. That very night, at Marlborough Street office, I told the officer of it.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever been in custody before, honesty. - A. Never before for any misdemeanor for thieving.</p>
<p>Q. Have you never been taken up by any constable before. - A. Yes, I was before the justice at Marlborough Street, a man charged me with thieving his tools.</p>
<p>Q. How many times have you been at Marlborough Street. - A. Never before, or at any other office.</p>
<p>Q. Where were you charged about a wheelbarrow. - A. At Marlborough Street office, I bought some potatoes of a man, he lent me a barrow.</p>
<p>Q. Did not he charge you with stealing the barrow. - A. He did, that was nine or ten years ago, it slipped my memory.</p>
<p>THOMAS SMEED. Q. You are the landlord of the Brazen Head public house, are you not. - A. Yes, Mr. Seabrook informed me of the robbery in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. In the course of the night had you heard any knocking at the door. - A. Yes, I did not get up, I think it was about three o'clock.</p>
<p>JOHN THORP. Q. You live at Lisson Green. - A. I do.</p>
<p>Q. On the night of Christmas eve had you been out your benefit club. - A I had, I was going up Oxford Street as the watchmen were going two. When I came to Lisson Green, I should suppose it was near half after two, I went down Bell Street by the Brazen Head. Going down the hill about thirty yards from the Brazen Head, it was a dark night, one of the men spoke, or else I should have run against him, I cannot recollect the words. As soon as ever he spoke to me, I passed by and went on, I believe it to be Withers's voice, I have no other proof than the voice, I have known him ten or twelve years.</p>
<p>Q. And from that knowledge of him you believe it to be his voice. - A. I do, I passed on my way, and they their way.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-5-person97"> JOHN FOY
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person97" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an office of Marlborough Street office. On the 5th of January, my brother brought Quelch to the office.</p>
<p>Q. In consequence of any communication that he made, did you that night apprehend the prisoners at the bar. - A. I apprehended Freeland, and my brother apprehended Withers, they were both brought to the watch-house that night, they were examined on the Monday,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200007"/>the 7th. Withers was detained for a further examination Freeland was discharged upon bail to appear on a future day.</p>
<p>Q. After Freeland had been discharged, did he come to you. - A. He did. On Monday, the 9th, he shewed me an anonymous letter which he said he had just received. That is the letter. - The letter read; directed, W. Freeland Broker, John Street, New Road, Paddington. To be left at the Duke of York, York Street. Post mark, January 9.</p>
<p>"SIR - I can give you information that Mr. Quelch has told me this day, that a part of the property he stole, he has planted them in a coal vault, in the carcase of an unfinished house, Lisson Green, Paddington, that he meant to part with them one at a time. I give you this information, I do not like to see innocent men hunted for as thieves for other men's guilt.</p>
<p>Q. Did you and your brother go with Freeland to Lisson Green. - A. We did, we went to a carcase of an unfinished house. We found the watches in a pickle jar, the ground had been turned up, the mussle of the pickle jar was put in the ground, the sides of the jar and top were covered with bricks. This was in January, a very hard frost. The ground where the jar was buried was soft, it appeared that it had been turned up shortly before.</p>
<p>Q.Could it have been in that state two days. - A I should think not, every other part of the vault was quite hard, and whatever water had flooded in was ice; the other bricks were frozen by the ice, these were loose I think it could not have been there many hours, if it had, it would have been frozen, the frost had been for several days, and it was a frost then. This is the watch I received at Mr. Dobree's, and here is, I think, sixteen watches and a watch case, Freeland went with me to that vault.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-5-person98"> THOMAS FOY
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person98" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person98" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Did you go with your brother and Freeland to search this carcase of a house. - A. I did, we found the watches in the pickle jar, in the state he has described.</p>
<p>Q. to Quelch. Did you ever see the watches after they were left at Freeland's. - A. Yes, I saw them at Marlborough Street.</p>
<p>Q. Did you put them in the carcase of an unfinished house on Lisson Green. - A. No, I never did; nor did I ever tell any body of it. I had a few words with Freeland about fifteen shillings he owed me, I never wished him any ill.</p>
<p>Wither's Defence. There is some part of Quelch's evidence that I cannot deny, and there is a great part of it false. As to his coming to my house, he did, in a drunken state indeed; he came into my house, I was in bed, he set himself down and snored till about four o'clock in the morning, my wife said,</p>
<p>"Withers, get up and turn that man out, he has watered the house I believe;" and, I then got up and said</p>
<p>"go," he said he wanted me to go along with him, I said,</p>
<p>"I shall not go along with you, recollect my family, I will not do any thing that I ought not to do, my misfortunes has taught me better," I had the misfortune to stand at this bar fourteen years ago, I was capitally convicted, I received his Majesty's pardon, God restored him, from that day I never eat of ill begotten bread, I have worked hard for my living, God has blessed me with health and strength to work for my family, and from whence he must rest his infernal evidence I cannot say, except from my former misfortunes. He has said, he would do for Freeland, he was sorry for me, but he could not do any thing with Freeland without me.</p>
<p>Freeland left his defence to his counsel.</p>
<p>SIMON. I am independant, I live in Mitcham Street, Paddington.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that letter. - A. These are the initials of my name that I put to it. Freeland brought it into a public-house, I was setting reading the paper, he read this letter by my side, he seemed much agitated.</p>
<p>Mr. Gurney. He asked you to put your name upon it. - A. Yes, that I should know it again</p>
<p>Q. You were not present when it was put in the post-office were you. - A. No.</p>
<p>- RICHEY. I am a taylor, 17, Newnham Street, Edgeware Road. About the beginning of November, I heard Quelch say he would be a match for Freeland.</p>
<p>MR. PIERCE. I am a bricklayer, York Street, New Road. I have heard Quelch say two or three times, he would do for Freeland in a very short time.</p>
<p>Freeland called six witnesses who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-5-verdict24" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-5-verdict24" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-5-person99"> Baron Wood
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person99" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person99" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-5-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-6">
<interp inst="t18110220-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6" type="year" value="1811"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18110220"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-6-off25-c88" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-6-defend100 t18110220-6-off25 t18110220-6-verdict28"/>
<persName id="t18110220-6-defend100" type="defendantName"> THOMAS THORP
<interp inst="t18110220-6-defend100" type="surname" value="THORP"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-defend100" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-defend100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-defend100" type="age" value="24"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-6-off25" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-6-off25" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-off25" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of our Lord
<persName id="t18110220-6-victim101" type="victimName">the King
<interp inst="t18110220-6-victim101" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , about the hour of one on the night of the
<rs id="t18110220-6-cd26" type="crimeDate">13th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-6-off25 t18110220-6-cd26"/>, and stealing therein, 2766 halfpence </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t18110220-6-victim102" type="victimName"> Thomas Green
<interp inst="t18110220-6-victim102" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-victim102" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-victim102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>THOMAS GREEN I am the tenant of the Canteen, in
<placeName id="t18110220-6-crimeloc27">Portsmouth Street Barracks</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-crimeloc27" type="placeName" value="Portsmouth Street Barracks"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-crimeloc27" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-6-off25 t18110220-6-crimeloc27"/>, I live there with my family, it is in the parish of St Mary-le-bone. On the night of the 13th of February, about a quarter before 12 o'clock at night, I went to bed, I was the last person up, the house was fast as usual, the doors and windows, I fastened them myself. About half past three o'clock in the morning, I was alarmed by the corporal and serjeant on guard I got up, there is a guard at the Canteen to protect my property. When I looked out of the window, they told me to come down. When I came down, they asked me if I had lost any thing out of my bar, I told them I could not tell, if they would lend me a light, I would examine it. I examined my bar, I found the bar-door open, it is a half hatch door, I had bolted it inside, I found it unbolted and left open. In one of the drawers that we always put copper in, I found five pound fifteen shillings had been taken away out of six pound fifteen shillings. We found ten shillings in the drawer, five shillings on the dresser, and five shillings on the floor, all the halfpence I had tied up in five shillings in paper the evening before. The serjeant of the guards told me, that he had got two pounds fifteen shillings, and the prisoner was in the custody of the corporal and the serjeant in the guardroom.</p>
<p>Q. How far is the guard-room from your house. - A, About thirty-five or thirty-six yards. I went to the guard-room, I saw some of my halfpence in his foraging cap on the guard-room table. The prisoner was in custody in the guard-room. The whole the we found of my property was two pounds fifteen shillings, they were part loose, and part tied up. They
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200008"/>were all tied up when taken away, I knew them in particular by the tie, and they are folded particularly, they are not tied up as others are. I lost about two quarts of rum, and some return tobacco.</p>
<p>Q. Did you examine your house afterwards. - A. I did, the person that got in, got in by the tap-room window, we could see the footsteps by the sawdust on the window-bench and on the window-ledge.</p>
<p>Q. Do you, of your own knowledge, know that that tap-room window was fast when you went to bed. - A. Yes, I fastened it the last thing myself before I went to bed. There were three parts of a pint pot of gin and peppermint that was not there when I went to bed.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Is any person concerned with you in keeping the Canteen. - A. No person whatever.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-6-person103"> CHARLES JONES
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person103" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person103" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a serjeant of the first regiment of foot guards.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you get these halfpence that you now produce. - A. I received part of them of the drum-major,
<persName id="t18110220-6-person104"> James Watson
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person104" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person104" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I received three papers of Watson, the other four papers the prisoner took out of his pocket in my presence and put them on the guard-room table, they have been in my possession ever since. On the morning of the 14th of February, Drum-major
<persName id="t18110220-6-person105"> James Watson
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person105" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person105" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to the guard-room and called me, I was on guard, he had got the prisoner at the bar in custody with one of the centinels of the guards.</p>
<p>Q. Had you known the prisoner before. - A. Yes, he was on guard that night with me, he had been stationed at the Canteen, he went on centry at twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. How long was it his duty to continue. - A. Two hours.</p>
<p>Q. Who was centry with him. - A. No one with him at that place, he was relieved at two o'clock. Watson called me at a quarter of an hour after three o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Who relieved him when he went away. -
<persName id="t18110220-6-person106">A. John Pennel</persName> . I searched the prisoner myself, I found nothing on him after he had taken the four papers of halfpence out, but some loose tobacco, which he had in his big coat pocket, it was but a little. I went and alarmed the landlord of the Canteens of it.</p>
<p>JAMES WATSON. I am a drum-major. On the morning of the 14th of February, I heard a noise on the landing of the room where I sleep. I sleep in the barracks, it is about sixty yards from the Canteens, I got up, and heard some one run down the stairs of the landing, into the barrack yard. I got up and put my great coat on, and went down stairs into the back yard, and there I saw the prisoner in custody of the centinel
<persName id="t18110220-6-person107"> Watson Dickason
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person107" type="surname" value="Dickason"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person107" type="given" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the centinel had hold of him by the great coat, I asked him what he was doing on my landing, he answered, nothing, he had a great coat on, and a foraging cap in his hand, I asked him what he had got there, he said, nothing, I took the cap out of his hand, I felt in it, I found three papers of halfpence, and some loose halfpence in the foraging cap. I immediately took him to the guard-room and made him a prisoner there. I delivered the three papers of halfpence that I took from him to Serjeant Jones, they e then taken out of the foraging cap, and put on form in the guard-room, I then went to bed.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-6-person108"> WATSON DICKASON
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person108" type="surname" value="DICKASON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person108" type="given" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a private in the first regiment of guards, I was on duty on the barrack guard on the morning of the 14th. About a quarter after three o'clock I heard a noise; some person came down the stairs very fast of the contrary side where I was posted centinel, he was crossing the barrack yard, and going on to the barrack stairs where I was centinel.</p>
<p>Q. Were the stairs from which he came near the Canteen. - A. No, I heard the drum-major talking from his window, I asked him what was the matter, he said he did not know, I soon after seized the prisoner about two minutes after I heard the noise. I kept him till Watson came up, I asked him what he had been doing, he said, nothing, but if I would not split, he would give me half of what he had got, and on his hearing the drum-major come up, he strove very hard to go to the privy. I held him fast, the drum-major came up and said,</p>
<p>"that is the man that came up my landing place, I saw him come down stairs," he said,</p>
<p>"what have you been doing up my stairs," the prisoner said,</p>
<p>"nothing," I made answer, that he had got something in his foraging cap, he took the cap from him with three papers of halfpence in it. He immediately took the prisoner into the guard-room and delivered him up to the serjeant of the guard.</p>
<p>Q. Had he any business to be on the drum-major's landing. - A. None, he ought to have been in the guard-room.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-6-person109"> HENRY HUNT
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person109" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person109" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a corporal in the first regiment of guards. I was on guard on the 14th, I posted the prisoner centinel at twelve o'clock, I relieved him again at two. About a quarter past three I saw him brought into the guard room by the drum-major, I saw him searched, I know no more than has been stated, except when he was before the adjutant, he acknowledged that he went through the window and entered the bar, and took the halfpence.</p>
<p>Q. When was it he said that. - A. On the morning of the 14th.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-6-person110"> GEORGE DONALDSON
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person110" type="surname" value="DONALDSON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person110" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable of St. Martins, I took the prisoner into custody, going down Oxford Road, I asked him how he came to do it, he said he was unsettled in his mind, there was some difference between him and his wife, he did not know how he came to do it, he then asked me if it would hang him, I told him I could not say at that time whether it would or would not.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence, called three witnesses who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-6-verdict28" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-6-verdict28" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-6-verdict28" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t18110220-6-punish29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-6-punish29" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-6-defend100 t18110220-6-punish29"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 24.</p>
<p>The prisoner was recommended to his Majesty's mercy by the jury, on account of the service he had done abroad for his king and country.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Bailey.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-7-defend112" type="defendantName"> JOHN LAWLER
<interp inst="t18110220-7-defend112" type="surname" value="LAWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-defend112" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-defend112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-defend112" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18110220-7-off30" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-off30" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-7-off30 t18110220-7-cd31"/>, a seal, value 1 s. a portfolio, value 1 l. a pocket book, value 1 s. and two pair of stockings, value 2 s. a handkerchief, value 1 s. six guineas, and eight half guineas the property of the Honourable
<persName id="t18110220-7-victim114" type="victimName">Archibald Stewart
<interp inst="t18110220-7-victim114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-7-off30 t18110220-7-victim114"/> </persName> , in the dwelling of
<persName id="t18110220-7-person115"> James Fesbury
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person115" type="surname" value="Fesbury"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person115" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-7-person116"> JOHN RICE
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person116" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person116" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to the prosecutor.</p>
<p>Q. What is Mr. Fesbury. - A. The master of the hotel in
<placeName id="t18110220-7-crimeloc32">Berkley Square</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-crimeloc32" type="placeName" value="Berkley Square"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-7-off30 t18110220-7-crimeloc32"/>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200009"/>Q. Do you know any thing of your master's portfolio. - A. Yes, I know he lost the portfolio and part of his property, part of the property was in the bed room, and part in the sitting room.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner at the bar before your master lost the property. - A. No, he was taken on the 1st of February, about two o'clock in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. When was the property lost. - A. About twelve o'clock, I missed it about two o'clock, or a little after two.</p>
<p>Q. Was your master at home at that time. - A. No, he was not. The property is here, I can only speak to the property.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-7-person117"> JOHN SHEENE
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person117" type="surname" value="SHEENE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to the Honourable the Earl of Moira, I was at the Honourable
<persName id="t18110220-7-person118"> Archibald Stewart
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person118" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person118" type="given" value="Archibald"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, I lodge at the hotel Berkley Square, the lodgings of the prosecutor and my master are all adjoining together. All that I know, the portfolio was deposited in my charge by the prosecutor, I deposited them in the drawers.</p>
<p>Q. Did you loose it out of that place. - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When was the last time that you saw it before it was stolen. - A. I received the portfolio after being stolen.</p>
<p>Q. You did not say that before. - A. I know no more than it being delivered to my charge.</p>
<p>JAMES FESBURY. Q. You are the master of the hotel. - A. Yes, I was informed of the things being stolen out of Mr. Stewart's apartments, I can swear to the man being in the house, I cannot swear that it was the time the property was taken, I can swear positively that I saw him in the house, in the entrance of the hall, he was standing with three or four other people. I was sent for to the Running Horse public-house, in David Street, that the portfolio was there, I went there and saw the portfolio, I returned home and fetched the servant to identify the portfolio. I delivered the portfolio from the landlord to Rice.</p>
<p>GEORGE HOLLAND. I live with Mr. Butterfield the publican, at the Running Horse, David Street, I saw the prisoner bring the portfolio into our house, the Running Horse in David Street, he called for a glass of ale, and the bar maid was going by the parlour, she said,</p>
<p>"what a way you have left the table," then she
<persName id="t18110220-7-person119">drew</persName> the table near to him, he took up the glass of ale, spilt it, and put it down again, then he took up the portfolio from where he was sitting, took some papers out and looked at them, and when he had looked at one of the papers, he took it out and put it under the seat where he was sitting. That is all I know about it, I am sure it is the same man.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the portfolio afterwards. - A. It was taken into the bar, and my mistress locked it up. I know it is the same portfolio, because it was cut open, I did not see him cut it open.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-7-person120"> JOHN FOY
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person120" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person120" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I produce the portfolio, I had it from the Earl of Moira's servant.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-7-person121"> GEORGE HOLLAND
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person121" type="surname" value="HOLLAND"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person121" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This is the portfolio.</p>
<p>MR. FESBURY. It is the same that I received at the public-house, it was cut so.</p>
<p>RICE. That is my master's portfolio, I can swear to it.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-7-person122"> JOHN FOY
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person122" type="surname" value="FOY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person122" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-7-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was brought into the office in custody, on him I found this pocket book, I then went to Mr. Stewart at the hotel, he gave me a key. On Monday when the portfolio was produced. I opened the portfolio and found eight half guineas, and six guineas.</p>
<p>Q. to Rice. Do you know your master's pocket book. - A. I do, that is it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I know nothing about the portfolio, I found the pocket book and a pair of stockings tied up in an handkerchief in Berkley Street.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-7-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-7-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t18110220-7-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-7-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-7-defend112 t18110220-7-punish34"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 21.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-8-defend124" type="defendantName"> MARY SWAIN
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<interp inst="t18110220-8-defend124" type="given" value="MARY"/>
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<interp inst="t18110220-8-defend124" type="age" value="36"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18110220-8-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-8-cd36" type="crimeDate">5th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-8-off35 t18110220-8-cd36"/>, two yards of lace, value 8 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-8-victim126" type="victimName"> Henry Kimpton
<interp inst="t18110220-8-victim126" type="surname" value="Kimpton"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-victim126" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-victim126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-8-off35 t18110220-8-victim126"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-8-person127"> HENRY KIMPTON
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person127" type="surname" value="KIMPTON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person127" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-8-viclabel37" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-8-victim126 t18110220-8-viclabel37"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-8-crimeloc38">160 Fleet Street</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-8-off35 t18110220-8-crimeloc38"/>, I have no partner. On the 5th of February, about five o'clock in the afternoon,
<persName id="t18110220-8-person128"> Mary Swain
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person128" type="surname" value="Swain"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person128" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person128" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18110220-8-person129"> Elizabeth Price
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person129" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person129" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person129" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came into the shop, they asked me to look at some laces suitable to a child's cap, I took a piece off the line in the window, I shewed it them, they told me they did not like it, they wished me to shew them some in a box, I refused to shew them, they then asked me to look at some remnants, I took one single piece off the parcel and throwed it before them. In the mean time three ladies came in, they wished to look at some out of the remnant basket, I took the remnant basket out with the remnants, and pushed it about three quarters of a yard from Swain and Price. At the time they were looking at the lace, Swain and Price were finding fault with the remnant which I had laid before them. The other three ladies took three pieces out of the basket and laid by the side of them, Swain laid her hand on two pieces of them, and got them in her hand. The ladies who made choice of the two looked round and could not find the two pieces, they said that Swain had got the two pieces, she turned her back to Price and made no answer. I did not take any notice at the time that I saw it done. Price found fault with the lace I had laid before them and asked Swain whether she liked the remnant, she made answer, that she would be a judge for herself, she knew nothing about it, and then they refused the lace and were going out,
<persName id="t18110220-8-person130"> Mary Swain
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person130" type="surname" value="Swain"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person130" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> with the lace in her hand. I got over the counter shut the door, and desired the lad to fetch a constable, I pulled the handkerchief out of her hand, the lace tumbled out.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. You have told us of three ladies being in your shop, had you your goods pretty much on the counter at the time. - A. No, nothing but a remnant basket full of bits of lace, only these two pieces were by the side of the prisoner. The prisoner was standing by the side of the counter, I did not see the handkerchief in her hand until she clapped her hand down with the handkerchief upon the lace. I saw it done, indeed I suspected what they were about.</p>
<p>Q. There was a person of the name of Price that you indicted with her. - A. I had them up as being connected together, I expected them here to night.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-8-person131"> JOHN HUGGINS
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person131" type="surname" value="HUGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-8-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, Mr. Kimpton gave me the two pieces of lace, I have had them in my custody ever since I took the prisoner into custody.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in her defence, nor called any witnesses to character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-8-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-8-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 36.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-8-punish40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-8-punish40" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-8-defend124 t18110220-8-punish40"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200010"/>189.
<persName id="t18110220-9-defend133" type="defendantName"> JAMES FARTHING
<interp inst="t18110220-9-defend133" type="surname" value="FARTHING"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-defend133" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-defend133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-defend133" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-9-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-9-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-9-cd42" type="crimeDate">28th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-9-off41 t18110220-9-cd42"/> six pound weight of thread, value 1 l. 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-9-victim135" type="victimName"> William Crauford
<interp inst="t18110220-9-victim135" type="surname" value="Crauford"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-victim135" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-victim135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-9-off41 t18110220-9-victim135"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-9-person136"> WILLIAM CRAUFORD
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person136" type="surname" value="CRAUFORD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-9-viclabel43" type="occupation">bookbinder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-9-victim135 t18110220-9-viclabel43"/>, 16 Peerless Row, City Road. On the 28th of January I sent my boy,
<persName id="t18110220-9-person137"> Richard Davies
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person137" type="surname" value="Davies"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person137" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to Mr. Suttaby's for six pounds of thread.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-9-person138"> WILLIAM GUEST
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person138" type="surname" value="GUEST"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a smith and bell hanger, No. 2, Gutter Lane. On the 28th of January, about half past six in the evening, I had occasion to come out of doors, I saw the prisoner at the bar plant himself at the top of
<placeName id="t18110220-9-crimeloc44">Gutter Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-crimeloc44" type="placeName" value="Gutter Lane"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-crimeloc44" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-9-off41 t18110220-9-crimeloc44"/>. As I was standing the off side of the way, a little boy came with a parcel upon his head, the prisoner snatched it from his head, and came running down the lane, the boy cried out, I ran across the street, threw the prisoner down, and tumbled on top of him. At the time that we were down, there came up a young man who appeared to lay hold of him, and while I was picking up my hat he let him go. I immediately pursued after him, and catched him again after he had ran eight or ten yards, I took him and the property to the Poultry Compter, I never lost sight of him, he was never away from me ten yards. I saw the prisoner take the thread from the boy's head.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-9-person139"> RICHARD DAVIS
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person139" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person139" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Crauford, I had been for some thread at Mr. Suttaby's, Stationer's Court, Ludgate Hill. As I was going along the top of Gutter Lane, the prisoner came behind me and snatched the thread off my head, and then ran down Gutter Lane, this gentleman,
<persName id="t18110220-9-person140"> William Guest
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person140" type="surname" value="Guest"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person140" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-9-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , pursued him and caught him directly, he threw the parcel down, I picked it up, I gave it to Cartwright.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I was coming along Cheapside, there was a quarrel just by Gutter Lane, I went down that lane to get out of the way of it, about twenty yards down Gutter Lane I was stopped by a man and throwed down, I got up again and went away, I was stopped again, and taken to the Poultry Compter.</p>
<p>The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-9-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-9-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 17,</p>
<rs id="t18110220-9-punish46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-9-punish46" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-9-defend133 t18110220-9-punish46"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-10-defend142" type="defendantName"> ELEANOR WISE
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<interp inst="t18110220-10-defend142" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-10-off47 t18110220-10-cd48"/>, a gown, value 7 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-10-victim144" type="victimName"> William Brass
<interp inst="t18110220-10-victim144" type="surname" value="Brass"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-victim144" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-victim144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-10-off47 t18110220-10-victim144"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-10-person145"> MARTHA BRASS
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person145" type="surname" value="BRASS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person145" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to
<persName id="t18110220-10-person146"> William Brass
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person146" type="surname" value="Brass"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person146" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he is a
<rs id="t18110220-10-viclabel49" type="occupation">carpenter and builder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-10-victim144 t18110220-10-viclabel49"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-10-crimeloc50">No. 41 Wood Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-crimeloc50" type="placeName" value="No. 41 Wood Street"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-crimeloc50" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-10-off47 t18110220-10-crimeloc50"/>. I lost my gown on the 1st of February.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you accuse the prisoner. - A. She came to my house to be hired as a servant on the last day of January. On the 1st day of February I went after her character, during the time I went for her character, she came for her answer, and was asked down into my kitchen, and while my servant came up to say she had come, she stole a gown from off the basket that had just come from the mangler. On the Monday following, a young woman came to my house to ask me if I had not hired a young woman as servant of the name of
<persName id="t18110220-10-person147"> Ann Evans
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person147" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person147" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner present. - A. No, I agreed to take the prisoner, her character suited. When she came to my house my husband sent for a constable, he searched her and found twenty-nine duplicates in her pocket, one of them was for my gown, pawned at Mr. Sadlers, Aldergate Street.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-10-person148"> GEORGE HENRY CLEAVE
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person148" type="surname" value="HENRY CLEAVE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person148" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-10-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, I live with Mr. Sadler, this gown was pawned with me on the 5th of February in the name of Taylor, for three shillings, I cannot say the prisoner is the person that pledged it, the duplicate produced by Mrs. Brass is our duplicate.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in her defence, nor called any witnesses to character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-10-verdict51" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-10-verdict51" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 22,</p>
<rs id="t18110220-10-punish52" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-10-punish52" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-10-defend142 t18110220-10-punish52"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-11">
<interp inst="t18110220-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11" type="year" value="1811"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18110220"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-11-off53-c129" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-11-defend150 t18110220-11-off53 t18110220-11-verdict57"/>
<persName id="t18110220-11-defend150" type="defendantName"> THOMAS DAY
<interp inst="t18110220-11-defend150" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-defend150" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-defend150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-defend150" type="age" value="45"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-11-off53" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-11-off53" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-off53" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-11-cd54" type="crimeDate">14th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-11-off53 t18110220-11-cd54"/>, a saw, value 7 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-11-victim152" type="victimName"> Peter Edgcombe Pheasant
<interp inst="t18110220-11-victim152" type="surname" value="Pheasant"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-victim152" type="given" value="Peter Edgcombe"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-victim152" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-11-off53 t18110220-11-victim152"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-11-person153"> PETER EDGCOMBE PHEASANT
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person153" type="surname" value="EDGCOMBE PHEASANT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person153" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-11-viclabel55" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-11-victim152 t18110220-11-viclabel55"/>, last Thursday the 14th, between the hours of one and two, I lost my saw from Mr. Gunston's buildings, by
<placeName id="t18110220-11-crimeloc56">Aldgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-crimeloc56" type="placeName" value="Aldgate"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-crimeloc56" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-11-off53 t18110220-11-crimeloc56"/> pump, next door to the Saracen's Head. We were hanging the front-door of the building, the saw was about three feet within side of the door. We had not left the door two minutes before my partner said my saw was gone.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-11-person154"> JAMES PORTER
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person154" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person154" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Fothergill, pawnbroker, 106 Aldersgate Street. On the 14th of February, between one and two o'clock, I took that saw of the prisoner, I lent 3 s. upon it.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-11-person155"> HENRY PIPER
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person155" type="surname" value="PIPER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person155" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 15th, between eight and nine o'clock, I took charge of the prisoner, this duplicate was given me.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I went to the pawnbroker's to fetch the saw back, by Mr. Jones's persuasions, he said I had better fetch it back, and there should be nothing done. I went to the pawnbroker's to take it back, and there I was taken.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-11-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-11-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 45.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-11-punish58" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-11-punish58" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-11-punish58" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-11-defend150 t18110220-11-punish58"/> Confined One Month in Newgate </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-12">
<interp inst="t18110220-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12" type="year" value="1811"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18110220"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-12-off59-c134" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-defend157 t18110220-12-off59 t18110220-12-verdict64"/>
<persName id="t18110220-12-defend157" type="defendantName"> JOHN MURRAY
<interp inst="t18110220-12-defend157" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-defend157" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-defend157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-defend157" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-12-off59" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-12-off59" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-off59" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-12-cd60" type="crimeDate">15th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-off59 t18110220-12-cd60"/>, nineteen bonnets, value 8 l. a bushel of hair, value 1 s. 6 d. a mahogany slab, value 10 s. 6 d. four doors, value 1 l. 1 s. and two pieces of boards, value 3 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-12-victim159" type="victimName"> Edward Simpson
<interp inst="t18110220-12-victim159" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-victim159" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-victim159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-off59 t18110220-12-victim159"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-12-person160"> RICHARD WAIN
<interp inst="t18110220-12-person160" type="surname" value="WAIN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-person160" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an errand boy to Mr. Simpson, in
<placeName id="t18110220-12-crimeloc61">Lilly-pot Lane, Noble Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Lilly-pot Lane, Noble Street"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-off59 t18110220-12-crimeloc61"/>, he
<rs id="t18110220-12-viclabel62" type="occupation">keeps a straw bonnet warehouse</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-victim159 t18110220-12-viclabel62"/>, his house is under repair. On the 5th of February, I was from seven o'clock in the morning, till near eight o'clock watching the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner. - A. A
<placeName id="t18110220-12-crimeloc63">bricklayer's labourer</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-crimeloc63" type="placeName" value="bricklayer's labourer"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-crimeloc63" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-off59 t18110220-12-crimeloc63"/>, he worked on the premises, I saw him come out of the lane with a basket, there was some hair upon the top, he went to Play-house Yard, where he lived, I returned and told Mr. Hall.</p>
<p>MR. HALL. I work for Mr. Simpson, from the information of this boy, I went and met the prisoner, and brought him back to Mr. Simpson, I got a constable and found the property mentioned in the indictment in the prisoner's apartment.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-12-person161"> WILLIAM COCKMAN
<interp inst="t18110220-12-person161" type="surname" value="COCKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-person161" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, I took
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200011"/>the prisoner in custody, and took him to the Poultry Compter.</p>
<p>THOMAS GRAY. I am an officer, I searched the prisoner's premises, No. 19 Play-house Yard, Mr. Simpson was with me, we found a parcel of hair on the floor, nineteen straw bonnets, a mahogany slab, and two pieces of skirting boards.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. The hair I bought on Saffron Hill, the bonnets I know nothing about.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-12-verdict64" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-12-verdict64" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 30.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-12-punish65" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-12-punish65" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-punish65" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-defend157 t18110220-12-punish65"/> Confined Three Months in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t18110220-12-punish66" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-12-punish66" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-12-punish66" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="privateWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-12-defend157 t18110220-12-punish66"/> whipped in jail </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-13">
<interp inst="t18110220-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13" type="year" value="1811"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18110220"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-13-off67-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-13-defend163 t18110220-13-off67 t18110220-13-verdict70"/>
<persName id="t18110220-13-defend163" type="defendantName"> ALEXANDER BURGERS
<interp inst="t18110220-13-defend163" type="surname" value="BURGERS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-defend163" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-defend163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-defend163" type="age" value="28"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-13-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-13-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-13-cd68" type="crimeDate">18th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-13-off67 t18110220-13-cd68"/>, two sacks, value 3 s. and five bushels of oats, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-13-victim165" type="victimName"> John Greenway
<interp inst="t18110220-13-victim165" type="surname" value="Greenway"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-victim165" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-victim165" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-13-off67 t18110220-13-victim165"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-13-person166"> THOMAS HAILEY
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person166" type="surname" value="HAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person166" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Edgware, I am a taylor, I live with my mother in law, she is a widow.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of this transaction. - A. On the 17th we suspected Mr. Greenway's granary being robbed, I saw one of the men go up the granary, he left the door unlocked, his name was
<persName id="t18110220-13-person167"> Thomas Sanders
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person167" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person167" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About eight o'clock at night on the 17th, I went into the granary it being unlocked, to see what was going forward, there was nothing in the granary but corn, and an empty sack standing upon other sacks, the sacks were all empty, I sat up all night. About half after three
<persName id="t18110220-13-person168"> Thomas Sanders
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person168" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person168" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of Mr. Greenway's men came into the yard, under the window where I was, he went down to the stable door, I went to the room door to prevent my mother's sister from coming in with a light, and in the mean time, the prisoner had got into the granary.
<persName id="t18110220-13-person169"> Thomas Sanders
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person169" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person169" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came up the yard, and I saw the prisoner go out of the granary with one sack upon his back full of corn, as he went out of the yard I came out, and he went up one side of the way, and I the other, when we got to the centre of the town we met almost together, he went up the Boot-yard, I am sure he is the man. After he had put the sack down, and came out of the yard, he spoke to me, he asked me where I had been, I said I had been walking a little way up the street, I went home, and saw the prisoner and
<persName id="t18110220-13-person170"> Thomas Sanders
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person170" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person170" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> go into the granary again. They had not been there a minute, before the prisoner brought another sack of corn out, this was between three and four o'clock in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner. - A. He
<rs id="t18110220-13-deflabel69" type="occupation">drives a team</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-13-defend163 t18110220-13-deflabel69"/> for Mr. Coles of Edgware.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-13-person171"> JOHN GREENWAY
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person171" type="surname" value="GREENWAY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I rent this granary, the corn belongs to me, I live at Watford, in Hertfordshire. On the day stated in the indictment, about six o'clock, I was called up by the witness Hailey, who told me that the granary had been robbed in the morning, I got up and set off to Edgware, and brought Hailey with me in my chaise. When I came to Edgware, I enquired where this
<persName id="t18110220-13-person172"> Alexander Burgers
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person172" type="surname" value="Burgers"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person172" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> worked, I understood that he worked for a man of the name of Coles, and drove his team, his master informed me that he was gone to London with a load of hay, I then suspected where the corn was gone, and while I was getting a constable, two of my men absconded. I caught this man on the other side of Hampstead, with his load of hay, I passed him, I thought I saw a sack of corn on the load of hay, covered over with a cloth. I then came down to the middle of Hampstead town, enquired for a constable, and soon procured him. We came up to Burgers, I saw him speak to a man of the name of Giles, I asked him where the corn was that was on the hay, he said he had none, I said I was sure he had, I had seen it on the load of hay, I asked Giles if he saw the man unload a sack of corn, he said he knew nothing about it, I went into the house and Giles followed me, I said to Giles you may as well tell me where this corn is, I am determined to find it, he denied having it, I went into the yard, I could not find it, I saw a door which led to the cellar, I went down the cellar, there I found a sack of corn nearly full, and the sack that was not full was shot into a tub. I said to Giles,</p>
<p>"this is my corn, I could swear to it almost," Giles said,</p>
<p>"I am very sorry, I bought it of this man, and gave him a pound note for it," I said,</p>
<p>"why did not you tell me of this at first, I shall be obliged to send for another constable for you." I sent for another constable, and gave Giles in charge. I got in the load of hay, and found an empty sack, then the constables and myself set off with these men to a magistrate at Edgware, where the prisoner said, he was very sorry. I can swear to the sack so far, they are sacks that belong to the man that I hired to bring this corn for me.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. The man came to me at my stable, and desired me to take two sacks of corn, I was to sell them for what I could get, I did not steal the corn.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-13-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-13-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 28 </p>
<rs id="t18110220-13-punish71" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-13-punish71" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-punish71" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-13-defend163 t18110220-13-punish71"/> Confined One Year in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t18110220-13-punish72" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-13-punish72" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-13-punish72" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-13-defend163 t18110220-13-punish72"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-14">
<interp inst="t18110220-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14" type="year" value="1811"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18110220"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-14-off73-c147" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-14-defend174 t18110220-14-off73 t18110220-14-verdict76"/>
<persName id="t18110220-14-defend174" type="defendantName"> ELEANOR WHITE
<interp inst="t18110220-14-defend174" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-defend174" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-defend174" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-14-off73" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-14-off73" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-off73" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-14-cd74" type="crimeDate">21st of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-14-off73 t18110220-14-cd74"/>, a watch, value 8 l. a gold chain, value 1 l. a gold seal, value 10 s. and a watch key, value 1 d. the property of
<persName id="t18110220-14-victim176" type="victimName"> Thomas Barnett
<interp inst="t18110220-14-victim176" type="surname" value="Barnett"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-victim176" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-victim176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-14-off73 t18110220-14-victim176"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-14-person177"> THOMAS BARNETT
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person177" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person177" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t18110220-14-crimeloc75">Queen Street, Golden Square, in the parish of St. James, Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-crimeloc75" type="placeName" value="Queen Street, Golden Square, in the parish of St. James, Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-crimeloc75" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-14-off73 t18110220-14-crimeloc75"/>. On the 21st of November, between ten and eleven o'clock in the morning, I lost two gold watches out of my bed room, I had seen them there at ten o'clock. On the 23d I saw one of them at Mr. Lane's, this is the watch, it is mine.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-14-person178"> JAMES SWEETMAN
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person178" type="surname" value="SWEETMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person178" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Mr. Lane's, Drury Lane.</p>
<p>Q. Was the watch pawned with you. - A. Yes, between eleven and twelve at noon on the 21st of November, I lent a guinea and a half upon it, the prisoner pawned it in the name of
<persName id="t18110220-14-person179"> Mary Brown
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person179" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person179" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-14-person179" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . About ten weeks after she came to redeem it, I stopped her.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. This watch was given to me between the hours of eleven and twelve, I pledged it for the gentleman, he told me to pledge it in another name, I was to meet him at the school door, where he watched me from several nights before, I never saw him since.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200012"/>The prisoner called one witness who gave her a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-14-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-14-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Bailey.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-15-off77-c152" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-15-defend180 t18110220-15-off77 t18110220-15-verdict81"/>
<persName id="t18110220-15-defend180" type="defendantName"> ELIZA PERRY
<interp inst="t18110220-15-defend180" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-defend180" type="given" value="ELIZA"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-defend180" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-defend180" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-15-off77" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-15-off77" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-off77" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18110220-15-cd78" type="crimeDate">9th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-15-off77 t18110220-15-cd78"/>, three yards of printed cotton, value 12 s. the property of
<persName id="t18110220-15-victim182" type="victimName"> John Harris
<interp inst="t18110220-15-victim182" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-victim182" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-victim182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18110220-15-victim184" type="victimName"> John Thwaits
<interp inst="t18110220-15-victim184" type="surname" value="Thwaits"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-victim184" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-victim184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately in their shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-15-person185"> JAMES TAGGERT
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person185" type="surname" value="TAGGERT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person185" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a shopman to
<persName id="t18110220-15-person186"> John Harris
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person186" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person186" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18110220-15-person187"> John Thwaits
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person187" type="surname" value="Thwaits"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person187" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t18110220-15-viclabel79" type="occupation">Linen Drapers</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-15-victim182 t18110220-15-viclabel79"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-15-victim184 t18110220-15-viclabel79"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-15-crimeloc80">No. 1, Pickett Street, Temple Bar</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-crimeloc80" type="placeName" value="No. 1, Pickett Street, Temple Bar"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-15-off77 t18110220-15-crimeloc80"/>; on the 9th of February, about six o'clock in the evening the prisoner came into our shop, she inquired for a few yards of black linen, she bought nothing, and at the time the prisoner was going out of the shop, I perceived a piece of print under her cloak, she was in the act of lifting it up with her hand, endeavouring to conceal it, I caught hold of her, and pulled it from her.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen this print the last time before it was stolen. - A. I had seen it in the course of the day, it was exposed at the door, inside of the shop; it cost about eighteen pence a yard.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. My husband had been receiving some money, he said he would buy me an apron, I asked for some black linen to make an apron, I had this print in my hand, and was looking at it, I had no intention of stealing it, I only moved from the counter to call my husband at the door.</p>
<p>Jury Q. to Taggart. Was she out of the shop. - A. No, she was going out of the shop.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-15-person188"> JOHN MILES
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person188" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person188" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an assistant to
<persName id="t18110220-15-person189"> John Harris
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person189" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person189" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on February the 9th, I saw the prisoner come into the shop, I likewise saw
<persName id="t18110220-15-person190"> James Taggert
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person190" type="surname" value="Taggert"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person190" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> take the piece of print from under her cloak.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-15-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-15-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-15-verdict81" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> GUILTY, aged 25, of stealing to the value of 4 s. 10 d. only </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-15-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-15-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-15-defend180 t18110220-15-punish82"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-16-off83-c161" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-16-defend192 t18110220-16-off83 t18110220-16-verdict87"/>
<persName id="t18110220-16-defend192" type="defendantName"> ANN HUSSICK
<interp inst="t18110220-16-defend192" type="surname" value="HUSSICK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-defend192" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-defend192" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-16-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-16-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18110220-16-cd84" type="crimeDate">22d of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-16-off83 t18110220-16-cd84"/>, eight yards of printed cotton, value 12 s. the property of
<persName id="t18110220-16-victim194" type="victimName"> Richard German
<interp inst="t18110220-16-victim194" type="surname" value="German"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-victim194" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-victim194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-16-off83 t18110220-16-victim194"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-16-person195"> RICHARD GERMAN
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person195" type="surname" value="GERMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person195" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-16-viclabel85" type="occupation">Linen Draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-16-victim194 t18110220-16-viclabel85"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-16-crimeloc86">24, Shoreditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-crimeloc86" type="placeName" value="24, Shoreditch"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-crimeloc86" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-16-off83 t18110220-16-crimeloc86"/>, I did not miss the cotton until it was brought in by the officer. I know the prisoner, she has been several times at my shop.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-16-person196"> DANIEL BISHOP
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person196" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person196" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of Worship Street Office; on the 22d of January I searched the prisoner's apartment, Vincent Street, Bethnal Green, I found this print, I took it to the office, shewed it the prisoner, she said it was her property, she had bought it and paid for it, Mr. German claimed it.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This print was my property, it is worth eighteen pence a yard, it has my private mark, we do not take the mark off when we sell them.</p>
<p>The prisoner was not put on her defence.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-16-verdict87" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-16-verdict87" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-16-person197"> Baron Wood
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person197" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person197" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-16-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t18110220-17" type="year" value="1811"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-17-off88-c166" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-defend198 t18110220-17-off88 t18110220-17-verdict92"/>
<persName id="t18110220-17-defend198" type="defendantName"> ANN HUSSICK
<interp inst="t18110220-17-defend198" type="surname" value="HUSSICK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-defend198" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-defend198" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-defend198" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-17-off88" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-17-off88" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-off88" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18110220-17-cd89" type="crimeDate">22d of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-off88 t18110220-17-cd89"/>, a pair of stockings, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-17-victim200" type="victimName"> Thomas Thomas
<interp inst="t18110220-17-victim200" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-victim200" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-victim200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-off88 t18110220-17-victim200"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-17-person201"> JOHN BONNEY
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person201" type="surname" value="BONNEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person201" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am shopman to Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-17-person202"> Thomas Thomas
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person202" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person202" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t18110220-17-viclabel90" type="occupation">Linen Draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-victim200 t18110220-17-viclabel90"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-17-crimeloc91">25, Shoreditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-crimeloc91" type="placeName" value="25, Shoreditch"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-off88 t18110220-17-crimeloc91"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect seeing the prisoner in your shop in January last - A. I do, she came with a child, and asked for a pair of stockings, I shewed her pairs, I saw her take one pair, and put them between her and her child, she then took another pair, asked the price, we agreed for 2 s. 2 d. she gave me a dollar, I gave her the change, I asked her for the stockings that was under her cloak, she denied having them, I said I was sure she had them, she lifted up her arm, and the stockings fell down from under her arm, Mr. Thomas saw the stockings fall from her, and sent for an officer.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-17-person203"> THOMAS THOMAS
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person203" type="surname" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person203" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in the shop, I saw the stockings fall from under the cloak, when Bonney asked her for them.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-17-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-17-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 25,</p>
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<interp inst="t18110220-17-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-punish93" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-defend198 t18110220-17-punish93"/> Confined Fourteen Days in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t18110220-17-punish94" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-17-punish94" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-17-punish94" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-17-defend198 t18110220-17-punish94"/> fined 1 s. </rs> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Bailey.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-18-defend205" type="defendantName"> ALICE WILSON
<interp inst="t18110220-18-defend205" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-defend205" type="given" value="ALICE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-defend205" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-18-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-18-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18110220-18-cd96" type="crimeDate">8th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-18-off95 t18110220-18-cd96"/>, a watch, value 5 l. a gold chain, value 1 l. two gold seals, value 1 l. and a watch key, value 6 d. the property of
<persName id="t18110220-18-victim207" type="victimName"> James Hadley
<interp inst="t18110220-18-victim207" type="surname" value="Hadley"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-victim207" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-victim207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-18-off95 t18110220-18-victim207"/> </persName> , from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-18-person208"> JAMES HADLEY
<interp inst="t18110220-18-person208" type="surname" value="HADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-person208" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-18-viclabel97" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-18-victim207 t18110220-18-viclabel97"/>, I live in Hanway Street, Oxford Street; on Friday the 8th of February I had been to a dinner at the London Tavern, I left it between eight and nine o'clock, I was in liquor.</p>
<p>Q. Were you sober enough to know whether you met the prisoner. - A. No, I was very drunk.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-18-person209"> SAMUEL DICKINS
<interp inst="t18110220-18-person209" type="surname" value="DICKINS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-person209" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-18-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of Bow Street Office; about one o'clock I saw Mr. Hadley come out of a house in Charles Street, Drury Lane, very much intoxicated, I said to Limbrick, I think that gentleman has been robbed, about two or three minutes afterwards, Mr. Hadley turned back again and said, I have lost my watch, and I think I have lost it at that house; the prisoner and another woman stood at the door, and as we drew towards them, the prisoner ran in the house up stairs, I followed the prisoner, told her she had robbed the man, and I must see if she had got his watch, and directly took it out of her bosom, I took her to the watchhouse.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. It is my watch, I do not recollect any thing that passed, I was excessively drunk.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-18-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-18-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Recorder.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-19-defend211" type="defendantName"> JOHN LAWLER
<interp inst="t18110220-19-defend211" type="surname" value="LAWLER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-defend211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-defend211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-19-off99" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-19-off99" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-off99" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18110220-19-cd100" type="crimeDate">27th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-19-off99 t18110220-19-cd100"/>, eight gold seals, value 40 s the property of
<persName id="t18110220-19-victim213" type="victimName"> Harriet Ann Bonnell
<interp inst="t18110220-19-victim213" type="surname" value="Bonnell"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-victim213" type="given" value="Harriet Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-victim213" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-19-off99 t18110220-19-victim213"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18110220-19-person214"> John Morris
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person214" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person214" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-19-person215"> HARRIET ANN BONNEL
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person215" type="surname" value="ANN BONNEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person215" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person215" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Do you live in the house of
<persName id="t18110220-19-person216"> John Morris
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person216" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person216" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> - A. Yes, in lodgings, I lost eight gold seals out of a writing desk left in the sitting room, I had seen them on the 27th of January in the evening, the master of the hotel missed them while I was absent.</p>
<p>Q. How came you by so many gold seals. - A. They were given me.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-19-person217"> JOHN COBHAM
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person217" type="surname" value="COBHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person217" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I took the prisoner in custody on the 1st of February, on searching him, I found these gold seals.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-19-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-19-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-19-verdict101" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 30 </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200013"/>200.
<persName id="t18110220-20-defend219" type="defendantName"> MARY HARLOWE
<interp inst="t18110220-20-defend219" type="surname" value="HARLOWE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-defend219" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-defend219" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-20-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-20-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18110220-20-victim221" type="victimName"> Edward Billingham
<interp inst="t18110220-20-victim221" type="surname" value="Billingham"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-victim221" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-victim221" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-20-off102 t18110220-20-victim221"/> </persName> , about the hour of nine at night, on the
<rs id="t18110220-20-cd103" type="crimeDate">2nd of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-20-off102 t18110220-20-cd103"/>, and stealing therein three pair of shoes, value 15 s. </rs> his property.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-20-person222"> EDWARD BILLINGHAM
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person222" type="surname" value="BILLINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person222" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-20-viclabel104" type="occupation">shoe-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-20-victim221 t18110220-20-viclabel104"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-20-crimeloc105">65, Great Peter-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-crimeloc105" type="placeName" value="65, Great Peter-street"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-crimeloc105" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-20-off102 t18110220-20-crimeloc105"/>. On the 2nd of January I came down to see the shop shut up; I saw a pane of glass broken in the shop, and several pair of shoes missing.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen this place last before the pane of glass was broken - A. About dusk.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-20-person223"> WILLIAM DALLINGE
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person223" type="surname" value="DALLINGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker. I produce a pair of women's shoes, they were pawned with me by a man.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-20-person224"> JAMES SWEETMAN
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person224" type="surname" value="SWEETMAN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person224" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I produce a pair of women's shoes pawned with me by a man.</p>
<p>JAMES GILLMORE. I am an officer. On the 3d of January, at night, the prisoner was in custody at Queen square office. In consequence of a pair of shoes being stopped at a pawnbrokers she had sold these shoes to a woman of the name of Greenfield; she then said that a young man whom she had never seen before had given her these shoes to sleep with her. On the 24th I had further information, I searched her apartment; I saw her hand in her pocket, she was endeavouring to give something to Greenfield. I took possession of that pocket which contained a little red pocket book; in that pocket book I found two duplicates for two pair of shoes, pawned on the 3d of January.</p>
<p>Q. They were for the shoes for which the pawnbrokers have been examined - A. Yes. The prisoner said some young man had given her the duplicates.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-20-person225"> ANN GREENFIELD
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person225" type="surname" value="GREENFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person225" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-20-person225" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to me and said she had a pair of shoes that would fit me; I gave her five shillings for them. These are the shoes.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The shoes are of my manufactory; I cannot swear they are the shoes I lost on the 2d of January.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I am an unfortunate girl. A man asked me to go home with me; he said he would give me five shillings; he came home with me; he had no money, he gave me a pair of shoes.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-20-verdict106" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-20-verdict106" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-21-defend227" type="defendantName"> THOMAS JONES
<interp inst="t18110220-21-defend227" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-defend227" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-defend227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-21-off107" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-21-off107" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-off107" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-21-cd108" type="crimeDate">5th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-21-off107 t18110220-21-cd108"/>, seventy pounds weight of bacon, value 2 l. the property of
<persName id="t18110220-21-victim229" type="victimName"> Thomas Pugh
<interp inst="t18110220-21-victim229" type="surname" value="Pugh"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-victim229" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-victim229" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-21-off107 t18110220-21-victim229"/> </persName> ; that he being in the dwelling house of the said Thomas Pugh about the hour of one, on the same night burglariously did break to get out of the said dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<p>THOMAS PUGH. I am a
<rs id="t18110220-21-viclabel109" type="occupation">cheesemonger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-21-victim229 t18110220-21-viclabel109"/>,
<placeName id="t18110220-21-crimeloc110">210, High-Holborn, in the parish of St. Giles's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-crimeloc110" type="placeName" value="210, High-Holborn, in the parish of St. Giles's in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-crimeloc110" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-21-off107 t18110220-21-crimeloc110"/>. The prisoner was a lodger in my house. On the 5th of February I lost some bacon, the bacon was put on some tubs at the further end of the shop; the bacon was sixty pound weight. On the 5th of February, at eleven at night, I saw the bacon there; I fastened the shop door, and saw every thing was secure; nobody could go into the shop without breaking the pannel, which was done. I have a private entrance in the passage for the lodgers, they have no business with the shop. On the 6th, about the middle of the day, I missed the bacon, and about six in the evening the pannel in the passage, at the further end of the shop, I observed had been broken open.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you go into the shop in the morning - A. About seven o'clock. I was the first person that went into the shop, I did not perceive the pannel broken then, not till the candles were lighted; the boy went out in the yard in the evening, he told me that the pannel in the passage had been broken; I took the candle and examined it, and found the bacon had gone through that pannel; the marks of the bacon was upon it. The pannel had been broken open by an axe; the axe is here, the pannel had been split and then pushed in its place again, and my knocking about the tubs in the course of the day, had moved it out of its place. It had been put in its place, and that prevented me from seeing it.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that it had been broken open by that instrument - A. Mr. Baxter matched this instrument with the place, it matched with it. The patrol found the axe in the bag, with the bacon in his possession in the street. I went to the watchhouse and saw it, I knew it to be my property.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner in your house that night - A. I do not know that he was out; he told me the next night that he was out at his club.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-21-person230"> WILLIAM BRANSCOMB
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person230" type="surname" value="BRANSCOMB"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person230" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a patrol of St. Giles's. I stopped the prisoner with the bacon on his back in Little Queen-street, Holborn, about a quarter past two in the night of the 5th; I asked him, where he was going; he said, home, just down here; making a motion, as if down Little Queen-street. I asked him what the bag contained, he said, meat; Bott, the watchman, asked him what meat; he replied, bacon, he had it out of the country, and had been to the Angel, St. Giles's for it, and the reason he had been out so late was, he had stopped with a friend. I told him that he and the bacon must go to the watchhouse. Bott took the bacon, and the prisoner made his escape from me. We took the bag to the watchhouse.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-21-person231"> THOMAS BOTT
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person231" type="surname" value="BOTT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person231" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman; I was along with Branscomb. I asked the prisoner where the bacon came from; he said, Ryegate; I took the bacon and carried it to the watchhouse, I opened the bag at the watchhouse, it contained this bacon, and this hatchet. The patrol had the prisoner in Holborn, he stopped and watched, he run off, the patrol lost him.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. Had you ever any doubt of this man - A. No, I never had.</p>
<p>Q. At the watchhouse the next night did you express any doubts about him - A. No; I looked at him and would not give my opinion till I was certain; I am sure he is the same man.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-21-person232"> JOHN BAXTER
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person232" type="surname" value="BAXTER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person232" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the watchhouse-keeper. This bacon was delivered to me on the morning of the 5th, between two and three o'clock, it was brought to the watchhouse. On that morning Mr. Pugh came and claimed it. I went to Mr. Pugh's house, examined it where the pannel had been broken open in the passage; my judgement was, that it must have been done by somebody in the house; I took the prisoner in custody that same night in Mr. Pugh's house. Bott followed me to the watchhouse with the prisoner, and when he came there I asked him if he knew the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200014"/>man, he made no reply; I told him to go for Branscomb; when Branscomb came he declared directly that he was the man that he stopped with the bacon.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I am innocent of the charge that is laid against me, and had I the opportunity of bringing my friends forward I could have proved it.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-21-person233"> MARY EDWARDS
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person233" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person233" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person233" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Do you know the prisoner - A. Yes; I saw him on Monday the 5th, I was at his lodgings; he went to bed about one o'clock. I am a married woman, my husband came lately from the country, he had not lodgings for me, I slept in the room with the prisoner and his wife. We all went to bed together. It was about nine o'clock in the morning. When we got up the prisoner was there then.</p>
<p>The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-21-verdict111" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-21-verdict111" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-21-person234"> Baron Wood
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person234" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person234" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-21-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-22-defend236" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM OLDHAM
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend236" type="surname" value="OLDHAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend236" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend236" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend236" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18110220-22-defend238" type="defendantName"> JOHN PICKMORE
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend238" type="surname" value="PICKMORE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend238" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-defend238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-22-off112" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-22-off112" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-off112" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t18110220-22-victim239" type="victimName"> George Cooper
<interp inst="t18110220-22-victim239" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-victim239" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-victim239" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-22-off112 t18110220-22-victim239"/> </persName> , in the King's highway, putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person, and against his will, a watch, value 4 l. a gold chain, value 10 s. a gold seal, value 5 s. a watch key, value 6 d. and three one pound bank notes, his property </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-22-person240"> GEORGE COOPER
<interp inst="t18110220-22-person240" type="surname" value="COOPER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-person240" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an assistant with my father, he is a farmer at Old Ford, Middlesex.</p>
<p>Q. Were you stopped any where - A. On the
<rs id="t18110220-22-cd113" type="crimeDate">7th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-22-off112 t18110220-22-cd113"/> last, about six o'clock in the evening, in
<placeName id="t18110220-22-crimeloc114">Old Ford-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-crimeloc114" type="placeName" value="Old Ford-lane"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-crimeloc114" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-22-off112 t18110220-22-crimeloc114"/>, I was stopped by two men, I was on horseback.</p>
<p>Q. Had you ever seen the men before - A. Never, to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. Was it dark - A. It was very moonlight.</p>
<p>Q. Were the men disguised - A. They were; they were in light smock frocks.</p>
<p>Q. Had they any thing over their faces - A. I perceived one had something under his hat.</p>
<p>Q. Had they crape over their faces - A. No, they had not. They were on foot.</p>
<p>Q. Had you an opportunity of observing their faces - A. I had, of one more particularly than the other.</p>
<p>Q. What passed when they came up to you - A. A something was uttered, but what I do not know. They took from me a silver hunting watch; they stopped me as I was passing on the road; they were going the same way that I was; they separated, and as I came up they both took hold of the bridle of the poney.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember what they said - A. No, I cannot positively say what they said.</p>
<p>Q. Did they demand your property - A. They said a something, and immediately a pistol was presented to me by the prisoner Pickmore, if he be the man, but I am not positive.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure of the other - A. I am positive that Oldham is the other.</p>
<p>Q. One of them presented a pistol - A. They did.</p>
<p>Q. And demanded your money - A. They uttered something, I do not know what. I immediately begged that they would not ill use me, and told them that they should have every thing that I had; I put my hand into my pocket, and gave them three one pound notes, and some silver; I cannot positively say how much silver it was, from ten to fifteen shillings. I will not say what, but some silver I am positive; I believe there were some shillings, a half crown, and a crown piece, but I am not positive whether there was a dollar or not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you give them any thing else - A. There was a bill that I had taken up at Masterman's, White Hart Court. I gave them nothing else. The prisoner Oldham drew my watch from my fob.</p>
<p>Q. Was the chair out or not - A. The chain was out, and the seal and key.</p>
<p>Q. Did they take any thing else from you - A. No, excepting a pocket handkerchief, but I am not positive, probably I might have lost it that afternoon; whether it was taken by the prisoners I cannot say; I have not seen it again since.</p>
<p>Q. When they had taken that did they leave you - A. They did.</p>
<p>Q. They did not use you ill - A. No, they did not.</p>
<p>Q. How long were they with you in the whole - A. I cannot positively say, but a very short time; I think not scarce a minute; a very short time indeed.</p>
<p>Q. Were you frightened - A. A little alarmed, not so much as I was afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. How soon afterwards did you see them again - A. I saw them at Bow-street office on the Saturday following, as they stopped me on the Monday.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of your own knowledge whether any of your property was found upon them - A. None I believe whatever.</p>
<p>Q. When you saw them on the Saturday at Bow-street did you know either of them - A. Yes, I knew the prisoner Oldham the moment I saw him.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. I think you tell us it was about seven o'clock - A. No, about six.</p>
<p>Q. Two men were going the same way as you - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Their faces then were not towards you, you had therefore no opportunity, though it was moon-light, of observing their features untill you came up - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. When you came up to them they separated, and each seized both sides of your bridle - A. They did.</p>
<p>Q. Which very much surprised you - A. Not so much at first. It did surprise me. I at first thought it was some of my friends.</p>
<p>Q. They had their hats on - A. They had.</p>
<p>Q. You sitting upon your horse, I take it you were above them - A. Very little.</p>
<p>Q. The sight that you had of their faces must be a downward sight - A. No, I had a straight forward view, they were close when my watch was drawn.</p>
<p>Q. It was scarcely a minute - A. I cannot say what time.</p>
<p>Q. You were somewhat alarmed, though not much - A. Somewhat.</p>
<p>Q. One of the men had something under his hat - which was that - A. The prisoner Oldham.</p>
<p>Q. Whatever that was contributed to shade the face - A. Very little.</p>
<p>Q. Now, sir, having asked you these questions, I put this to you, can you venture to swear positively to any man that you had never seen before in your
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200015"/>life can you swear positively to this man - A. I have sworn positively, my conscience will not allow me to say otherwise.</p>
<p>Q.When you went to Bow-street I believe you went there for the purpose of seeing some persons that were apprehended for robbing, were you not - A. It was.</p>
<p>Q. You went there expecting to see them - A.I went there with an idea of seeing some prisoners.</p>
<p>Q. That had robbed you - A. I could not tell.</p>
<p>Q. That was the object that you went for - A It was.</p>
<p>Q. You said it was quite moon-light, were there no clouds intervening at all - A There were some clouds I believe. I can venture to swear that I could see a man one hundred and fifty yards before me at least.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the week was this - A. Monday January the 7th.</p>
<p>Q. A fortnight afterwards you saw them - A. No, on Saturday.</p>
<p>COURT. When you saw them do you remember whether the moon was shining in their faces - A. It was; the moon was behind me; it shone into their faces.</p>
<p>JOHN UPTON. I am one of the Bow-street patrols. I was in company with Cross, Avery, and Lloyd, on Tuesday the 8th of January, passing by the Shepherd and Shepherdess public-house, going to the Shepherd and Shepherdess Fields, I met the prisoners Oldham and Pickmore coming before me. I saw Oldham pull his hat over his eyes. I seized Oldham, I asked him whether he had any pistols about him, he replied he had not; Cross said that Pickmore had thrown it over the sence.</p>
<p>Q. How far from Old Ford were they - A. This was near the City road, it might be two miles from Old Ford, I cannot exactly speak to that distance, Cross told Avery to go over, he did not find it then. We took the prisoner to the Shepherd and Shepherdess public-house, they got a light and went to look for the pistol; after they came back I saw the pistol in Cross's hands; I searched Oldham, I found a silver watch on him, a dollar, a few halfpence, and a box like a tobacco box, containing some gunpowder, and four pieces of lead, a flannel night cap, and an old silk handkerchief; I asked Oldham where he spent his afternoon, he informed me that he had been at the Angel, smoking his pipe along with Pickmore; I took them up to the Angel, I asked the waiter, I found they had. We took them to the public-office, where they were examined, and committed for further hearing.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-22-person241"> JOHN CROSS
<interp inst="t18110220-22-person241" type="surname" value="CROSS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-person241" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a patrol. On Tuesday the 8th of January I was with Upton and Avery, I saw the two prisoners coming towards us, Upton took hold of Oldham, and I took hold of Pickmore. As soon as I took hold of him, to the best of my belief, he put his hand into his breeches, and throwed something over the fence; I called to Avery, he went over, he did not find it then; then I said I should take them to the Shepherd and Shepherdess. Upon my searching of Pickmore I took from him a silver hunting-watch, and this pocket-book, containing some shop bills, memorandums, and duplicates.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know whose watch it is - A. No.</p>
<p>Q.Has Mr. Cooper seen it - A. I believe he has.</p>
<p>Mr. Cooper. That is not my watch.</p>
<p>Cross At the Shepherd and Shepherdess I asked the landlord to lend me a lanthorn and candle. Avery and I went, and in searching I found a pistol about six yards from where he throwed it.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp You found nothing upon them belonging to Mr. Cooper - A. No.</p>
<p>Oldham left his defence to his counsel; called five witnesses who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Pickmore was not put on his defence.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-22-verdict115" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-22-verdict115" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-22-verdict115" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18110220-22-punish116" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-22-punish116" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-22-defend236 t18110220-22-punish116"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 25.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-22-verdict117" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-22-verdict117" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>[The prisoner Oldham was recommended to his Majesty's mercy by the Prosecutor, on account of there being no cruelty used to him.]</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. justice Bailey.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-23">
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<interp inst="t18110220-23" type="year" value="1811"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-23-off118-c199" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-23-defend242 t18110220-23-off118 t18110220-23-verdict122"/>
<persName id="t18110220-23-defend242" type="defendantName"> ELEANOR DEVINE
<interp inst="t18110220-23-defend242" type="surname" value="DEVINE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-defend242" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-defend242" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-defend242" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-23-off118" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-23-off118" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-23-cd119" type="crimeDate">21st of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-23-off118 t18110220-23-cd119"/>, one hundred and twenty-six yards of ribbon, value 3 l. 3 s. </rs> the pro- property of
<persName id="t18110220-23-victim244" type="victimName"> Robert Stevens
<interp inst="t18110220-23-victim244" type="surname" value="Stevens"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-victim244" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-victim244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18110220-23-victim246" type="victimName"> George Crofts
<interp inst="t18110220-23-victim246" type="surname" value="Crofts"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-victim246" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-victim246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t18110220-23-person247"> ROBERT STEVENS
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person247" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person247" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-23-viclabel120" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-23-victim244 t18110220-23-viclabel120"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-23-victim246 t18110220-23-viclabel120"/>; I am a shop keeper, the principal in partnership with George Crofts,
<placeName id="t18110220-23-crimeloc121">63, Oxford-street, in the parish of Mary-le-bone</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-crimeloc121" type="placeName" value="63, Oxford-street, in the parish of Mary-le-bone"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-23-off118 t18110220-23-crimeloc121"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Were you in the shop when the prisoner came into it - A. She asked to look at small quantities of ribbons; she paid about eleven shillings for several short quantities of ribbon, which she bought. The prisoner was brought to me by the young man that served her,
<persName id="t18110220-23-person248"> James Robert Knight
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person248" type="surname" value="Robert Knight"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person248" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , into the back shop.</p>
<p>Q. Did you search her - A. Yes; we took her up stairs in the back room, she was searched.</p>
<p>Q. What did you find upon her - A. I cannot say that any thing was found upon her, she contrived to get into the corner of the room, and in the corner of the room was a chair; I desired the young man to call up a female servant to search her, on his return I desired her to walk into the room. While he was absent I had strong suspicion that she was endeavouring put down the goods that she had about her; as the servant came up stairs I desired her to walk into the middle of the room; I looked down underneath her chair, I there saw a pocket lay.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know whether that pocket was there when she first came in the room - A. I am not certain, as I did not look. When I saw the pocket lay I took it up, I said, this is sufficient proof, this pocket contains our property. I did not examine the pocket untill
<persName id="t18110220-23-person249">Burton</persName> the constable came, then I took up the pocket in my hand, and turned the ribbons out. I recognized the principal part to be our property, the contents were seven half pieces of ribbon, amounting to one hundred and twenty-six yards. She disowned the pocket as being hers.</p>
<p>Q. Had any of these pieces your shop mark - A. One or two my own mark, and the other the mark of the young man we employ, his name is
<persName id="t18110220-23-person250"> William Banbury
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person250" type="surname" value="Banbury"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person250" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I know his hand-writing, I can swear to it.</p>
<p>Q. Had you seen the ribbons in your shop - A. I cannot say I saw them; I knew the marks.</p>
<p>Q. It was a woman's pocket, I suppose - A. Yes; she disowned it; she appeared to be working her things about. When she was ordered to walk up
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200016"/>stairs I heard her break the strings of her pocket, before she was taken up stairs.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prime cost of these ribbons - A. About three pound ten shillings; we estimated them at three guineas, the lowest value.</p>
<p>HENRY MAGG. I was in the shop when the prisoner came in, she asked me if I sold night caps; I told her, yes; she looked at ribbons, and bought ribbons to the value of nine shillings and ten-pence; she clapped a silk handkerchief over the ribbon drawer, which was quite open, that made me suspect her; she gave me two five shilling pieces, I gave her twopence change. I was half over the counter, going to take her to Mr. Steven's; she asked me if I sold narrow ribbon, I told her, yes; she looked out as much as came to one shilling and tenpence, and I gave her the change; then I took her into the back shop. On her going up stairs she had her hand behind her, endeavouring to break the string of her pocket. Mr. Stevens told me to go for a constable, the pocket was found while I was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find there was any ribbon missing out of the drawer - A. I thought there was.</p>
<p>- BURTON. I produce the property, it has been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Was there any woman of your family in the room before the search - A. No, only myself. There are one or two pieces not marked, these three that are marked that I swear to are worth thirty shillings.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. He put private marks upon them ribbons when the constable was in the place.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Is that true - A. Yes; but these three that I swear to had marks before.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-23-verdict122" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-23-verdict122" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-23-verdict122" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18110220-23-punish123" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-23-punish123" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-23-defend242 t18110220-23-punish123"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 21.</p>
<p>[The prisoner was recommended to his Majesty's mercy by the prosecutor, on account of her sister calling, and said she had two children, and her husband about a year ago, had been impressed into his Majesty's service.]</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-24-off124-c206" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-24-defend252 t18110220-24-off124 t18110220-24-verdict127"/>
<persName id="t18110220-24-defend252" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH BROWN
<interp inst="t18110220-24-defend252" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-defend252" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-defend252" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-defend252" type="age" value="49"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-24-off124" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-24-off124" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-off124" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t18110220-24-victim254" type="victimName"> Patrick Purcell
<interp inst="t18110220-24-victim254" type="surname" value="Purcell"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-victim254" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-victim254" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-24-off124 t18110220-24-victim254"/> </persName> , about the hour of eight in the forenoon, on the
<rs id="t18110220-24-cd125" type="crimeDate">12th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-24-off124 t18110220-24-cd125"/>, no person being therein, and stealing, a tablecloth, value 1 s. five shifts, value 15 s. six handkerchiefs, value 4 s. a night gown, value 1 s. a quilt, value 1 s. a neck handkerchief, value 6 d. three napkins, value 1 s. two aprons, value 1 s. three towels, value 1 s. six dusters, value 1 s. two sheets, value 12 s. and a yard of cloth, value 1 s. </rs> his property.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-24-person255"> CATHERINE PURCELL
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person255" type="surname" value="PURCELL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person255" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person255" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Q. Are you a married woman - A. Yes, my husband's name is
<persName id="t18110220-24-person256"> Patrick Purcell
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person256" type="surname" value="Purcell"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person256" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I live at
<placeName id="t18110220-24-crimeloc126">No. 18, Fitzroy market, in the parish of St. Pancras</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-crimeloc126" type="placeName" value="No. 18, Fitzroy market, in the parish of St. Pancras"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-crimeloc126" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-24-off124 t18110220-24-crimeloc126"/>, I lodge in the kitchen; I have only the kitchen,
<persName id="t18110220-24-person257"> Thomas Emery
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person257" type="surname" value="Emery"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person257" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> keeps the house, he lives in the next street, and lets this house in tenements.</p>
<p>Q. When was your room broken open - A. On the 7th of February it was broken open; I went out of an errand.</p>
<p>Q. Did you leave any body in the room - A. No, nobody. I locked my door, but left the key in the entrance to my door, being dark I do not suppose that she saw it; she had forced it in, I was not absent ten minutes, when I returned I found the door open; my fright was so great I did not look to see whether it was unlocked or not. I missed this bundle of property that I had been entrusted with to wash.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was it when you went out - A Half past eight in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lose - A. A tablecloth, three shifts, six pocket handkerchiefs, a night gown, a flannel petticoat, a neck handkerchief, three napkins, two aprons, three towels, six dusters, a sheet, and a piece of old linen cloth.</p>
<p>Q. What were they all worth - A. I dare say I should be charged a couple of pounds for them</p>
<p>Q. Did you examine the door - A The lock was forced, and they had not unlocked it. The bolt of the lock was out, I cannot say that the lock was very firm, there were three of the screws forced out, and one of the screws I picked up off the ground. These things were left on my chair, they were tied up in a tablecloth, and put in the basket. I went up stairs to my neighbour, and told him I was robbed of what was not my property, a bundle of linen; my neighbour went out and overtook this woman with the things.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-24-person258"> WILLIAM THOMPSON
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person258" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person258" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . In consequence of what the last witness said to me I went in search of the things. On the same day I found the prisoner with the property just this side of Howland-street, Tottenham court-road. I found her with the bundle, I brought her back to Fitzroy-market, she brought the bundle back in her apron, and then she and the bundle were taken to the watchhouse, the bundle was lodged in the hands of the constable. I asked the prisoner where she got the things, she said they were her own; I said they were stolen, and she must come along with me; she did.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-24-person259"> JOHN BAKER
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person259" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person259" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-24-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. The prisoner was brought to the watchhouse with the bundle. This is the bundle, I have had it ever since.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. They are the things that I had to wash.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. It was real distress that made me do it.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-24-verdict127" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-24-verdict127" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18110220-24-punish128" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-24-punish128" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-24-defend252 t18110220-24-punish128"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 49.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. Baron Wood.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-25-off129-c213" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-25-defend261 t18110220-25-off129 t18110220-25-verdict132"/>
<persName id="t18110220-25-defend261" type="defendantName"> JAMES BARKER
<interp inst="t18110220-25-defend261" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-defend261" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-defend261" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-defend261" type="age" value="35"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-25-off129" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-25-off129" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-off129" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t18110220-25-victim263" type="victimName"> Nicholas Priest
<interp inst="t18110220-25-victim263" type="surname" value="Priest"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-victim263" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-victim263" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-25-off129 t18110220-25-victim263"/> </persName> , about the hour of five in the afternoon, on the
<rs id="t18110220-25-cd130" type="crimeDate">5th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-25-off129 t18110220-25-cd130"/>, no person being therein, and stealing a sheet, value 2 s. a blanket, value 3 s. and a quilt, value 2 s, </rs> his property.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-25-person264"> ANN PRIEST
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person264" type="surname" value="PRIEST"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person264" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person264" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at
<placeName id="t18110220-25-crimeloc131">13, Marygold-court, Strand, in the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-crimeloc131" type="placeName" value="13, Marygold-court, Strand, in the parish of St. Martin's in the Fields"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-25-off129 t18110220-25-crimeloc131"/>. My husband's name is Nicholas Priest.</p>
<p>Q. Have you the whole house or part - A. Lodgings. Mrs. Davis owns the house, she does not live in the house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lose this sheet and blanket at any time - A. Yes, on Thursday the 5th of January, about five in the evening; I went out and left nobody in my apartment.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any people in the other part of the house - A. Yes; I fastened my room doors; I have the second floor, one room. I came back about half after eight, the lock was broken off, and the door wide
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200017"/>open. I missed a sheet, a blanket, and a quilt off the bed.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see them afterwards - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-25-person265"> MARY ROSE
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person265" type="surname" value="ROSE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person265" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in the same house with Mrs. Priest, in the parlour, the prisoner came in and asked for
<persName id="t18110220-25-person266"> Ann Priest
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person266" type="surname" value="Priest"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person266" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-person266" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; it was past five o'clock; I said she was not at home; he said that makes no odds, he is my coachman, I owe him six shillings and sixpence; I said you must not go up stairs, he said he would go up stairs; he put his hand under his leg, and said, I am Jemmy, I am come out of Tothill-fields bridewell. He went up stairs and brought a bundle down; I saw him in the passage with the bundle, he had nothing when he went up; he said this is my coachman; it was in a large bundle, covered over with a white cover.</p>
<p>Q. There was a coachman with him, was there - A. Yes, a shortish men. The prisoner said d - n you, if you say any thing; you bitch, I will let you know I have as much right here as you have.</p>
<p>Q. Did he go away with the things - A. Yes, he and the coachman went down the court; the prisoner said they were his property, he would have them. I was very glad he was gone. I had seen him once or twice before.</p>
<p>THOMAS MANTZ. I am an officer. I apprehended the prisoner in the Strand; he said, well, I am not taken for beans now; I said, no, do you know what you are taken for; yes, he said, I went and took a sheet, blanket, and counterpane off the bed.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say from whence he had taken them - A. No, he did not; he said he had a coach, he had no money to pay the coachman, he knew the people, he went and took these things to pay the coachman. I never could find out what coachman it was.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. It is all truth what he has said.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. What is the value of these articles A. About seven shillings.</p>
<p>Q. It was about five o'clock, when you went out, that is dark on the 5th of January, is it not - A.Yes; I think it is.</p>
<p>GUILTY, aged 35.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-25-verdict132" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-25-verdict132" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-25-verdict132" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> stealing, but not breaking and entering the house. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t18110220-25-punish133" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-25-punish133" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-25-defend261 t18110220-25-punish133"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. justice Bailey.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-26-defend268" type="defendantName"> DANIEL KELLY
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<interp inst="t18110220-26-defend268" type="age" value="48"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18110220-26-off134" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-off134" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-26-cd135" type="crimeDate">3d of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-off134 t18110220-26-cd135"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-off137 t18110220-26-cd135"/>, three silver servers, value 10 l. thirteen silver spoons, value 7 l. two silver desert spoons, value 1 l. and a silver marrow spoon, value 10 s. the property of
<persName id="t18110220-26-victim270" type="victimName"> Catherine Baron
<interp inst="t18110220-26-victim270" type="surname" value="Baron"/>
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<interp inst="t18110220-26-victim270" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t18110220-26-viclabel136" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-victim270 t18110220-26-viclabel136"/>, in her dwelling house </rs>; and
<persName id="t18110220-26-defend272" type="defendantName"> DAVID ATKINS
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<rs id="t18110220-26-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-26-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving, on the
<rs id="t18110220-26-cd138" type="crimeDate">11th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-off134 t18110220-26-cd138"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-off137 t18110220-26-cd138"/>, the said goods, he knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-26-person273"> CATHERINE BARON
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person273" type="surname" value="BARON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person273" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person273" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t18110220-26-viclabel139" type="occupation">housekeeper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-victim270 t18110220-26-viclabel139"/>; I live in
<placeName id="t18110220-26-crimeloc140">Southampton-row, No. 49, Bloomsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-crimeloc140" type="placeName" value="Southampton-row, No. 49, Bloomsbury"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-off137 t18110220-26-crimeloc140"/>. I have an independant fortune.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know
<persName id="t18110220-26-person274"> Daniel Kelley
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person274" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person274" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> - A. He was my
<rs id="t18110220-26-deflabel141" type="occupation">butler</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-defend268 t18110220-26-deflabel141"/>, and had the care of my plate.</p>
<p>Q. Did you miss any of your plate - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q.When did you last see it before it was stolen - A. On Sunday evening, at dinner, on the 3d of February, the articles were safe then. I missed it on the Tuesday following: The prisoner had not quitted my service when I missed it. Some of the plate is here.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. You say you saw your plate on the Sunday - A. Yes, excepting the marrow spoon.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take particular notice of it - A. No. The silver servers were brought to table, and the spoons; I cannot exactly say whether they were all there or no.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take any more observation of your plate on that day than any other day - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-26-person275"> JOHN PERRY
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person275" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person275" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have the management of Mr. Spinks shop, 22, Gracechurch-street, he is a silversmith. The prisoner came to me on the 13th of February, he asked me if we bought silver, and what we gave per ounce; I told him from five shillings and sixpence to five shillings and ninepence was the usual price given, upon which he opened the plate. I examined the silver and said as there was foreign silver among it the utmost that I could give would be five shillings and sixpence per ounce; he said that was not sufficient, he expected five shillings and tenpence; I told him it was the most I could give, he asked me to weigh it for him that he might not be deceived in any other place he took it to; there were fifty one ounces four penny weights; he asked me what it would come to at that; I told him fourteen pounds one shilling and sixpence; he said he did not suppose he could do better with it, I should have it. I paid him the money and he went away.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. Which man are you speaking of - A. Atkins is the person that I bought it off. I gave him the full value of it, as he told me he was a country dealer I gave him more than others would have done.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-26-person276"> JOHN BLAKE
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person276" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person276" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. What are you - A. I am a servant.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of this transaction - A. I believe you have the minutes.</p>
<p>Q. I must have it from you again, tell the whole of it, and tell the truth, and nothing but the truth, do not charge any person unjustly - Do you remember a fortnight ago you were in company with Mrs. Devey, on a Sunday, a fortnight ago - A. Yes, I was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go with her to any place - A. I did, at her request I went with her to a public-house in Bloomsbury-place, it is at a corner of a street.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember Mrs. Devey sending a boy of an errand - A. Perfectly well.</p>
<p>Q. What was the boy to do - A. As I understood to tell Kelly the butler to come to her; Kelly at Mr. Barons, or Mrs. Barons, I cannot say which.</p>
<p>Q. Look round, do you know either of the prisoners at the bar - A. Both of them. I knew Kelly before I went with Mrs. Devey, but not Atkins.</p>
<p>Q. Did Kelley come - A. He did come.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember Kelly bringing any thing to Mrs. Devey - A. Not at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any thing of a bundle - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Who brought the bundle - A. Kelly; he delivered the bundle to me at our parting at the public-house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the contents of the bundle - A. I did not know then, I do now.</p>
<p>Q. What were you to do with the bundle - A.He said there were different articles, some belonged to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200018"/>him, and some to his friends; I took the bundle home along with me, I was to dispose of the articles that were in it; I sold them to Atkins, on Monday, eight days after I received them.</p>
<p>Q. During these eight days did Kelly call upon you for any thing - A. He asked me if I had disposed of them.</p>
<p>Q. To whom were you to give the money to - A. To Kelly.</p>
<p>Q. What is Atkins - A. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. How come you to sell them to Atkins - A. I was in a public-house, a man was talking of a jeweller, and some conversation ensued about watches, and they said he bought silver and gold. A man brought Atkins to me at my master's stable; I do not know the man's name.</p>
<p>Q. What is your master - A. A gentleman, I believe, a counsellor, Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-26-person277"> John Penleaze
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person277" type="surname" value="Penleaze"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person277" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. What was it you sold to Atkins - A. Three small silver waiters.</p>
<p>Q. Were they silver - A. I believe so; I sold them as silver, I did not sell them alone; to the best of my recollection thirteen (or it may be one over) spoons, table spoons, I believe.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know whether they were tablespoons or tea-spoons - A. Yes, but they may put them to different purposes.</p>
<p>Q. What besides - A. I do not think there was any thing else. By the account of Atkins and his friend that brought him to me they came to ten pounds some shillings. Atkins paid me the money.</p>
<p>Q. Did Atkins weigh the silver - A. Yes. I gave Kelly the ten pounds the next morning. Kelly said it should be fifteen or sixteen pounds that he ought to have had.</p>
<p>Q. How many ounces did it weigh - A. Forty-seven ounces, as I understood, at four shillings and threepence an ounce. I gave Kelly the money, he gave me nothing for my trouble.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. You were taken up and charged with this were you not - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You have come now from prison to here - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When did you first tell this story after you were taken up and charged - A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. When was the first time - A. Last Monday.</p>
<p>Q. Three days ago - A. Three days ago.</p>
<p>Q. That was the first time that you told this story, when were you taken before the magistrate, as thief, you know - A. On the Thursday, I believe.</p>
<p>Q. And you never told this story until the Monday night - A. No, I had no opportunity; I searched for advice, and I got advice of my master.</p>
<p>Q. Are you in service now - A. I do not know whether I am or am not.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know your way into Mrs. Baron's house - A. I do, if I am shewed the door.</p>
<p>GEORGE CLERKE. I am a watchmaker. On Monday the 11th of February the prisoner Atkins came to my house and informed me he was going to purchase some foreign silver; a friend of his, a one legged lieutenant, was to introduce him to the person that had it to sell, it was to be sold at a public-house near Berkley-square; I cautioned him not to have any thing to do with it; I told him if the people had come honestly by it, they would go to a refiners, or to a silversmiths shop, where they could get more by it than he could afford. He borrowed my scales and weights, I lent them to him having known him about two years.</p>
<p>Q. What is he - A. An hawker, or pedlar, during which time I have trusted him at several periods to the amount of forty or fifty pounds, he has been frequently in my shop, where valuable articles lay about, both of gold and silver; I had not the least doubt of his honesty. I also told him, after he had borrowed the scales, that he had better go to a silversmith's shop, and have it weighed, and valued, by which means he would not be wronged; he told me he could depend upon his friend the lieutenant. He returned the scales the next morning, I was not at home; I saw him in the afternoon, he told me he had made a purchase of the silver, and gave five shillings the ounce.</p>
<p>Mr. Gleed. Did you know where Atkins lodged - A. He told me in London-street, Fitzroy-square. I was present at the time of his apprehension, he was apprehended in my shop, he then acknowledged every thing.</p>
<p>Q. I want to know when he was apprehended whether he gave all the information of the person of whom he purchased the different articles - A. He did.</p>
<p>Q. In consequence of the information he gave was the witness Blake apprehended - A. Yes, and Kelly.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. You did not go to the public-house where he bought the plate - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. You know nothing of Kelly - A. I do not.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-26-person278"> WILLIAM SMITH
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person278" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person278" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a patrol of Bow-street. By the information that I received at Mr. Clerke's house on the Wednesday, on Thursday I apprehended the prisoner. As soon as I told him who I was and took him in custody he told me of the person that he had bought it of; he said he did not know the name; by the information that he gave me I found out Blake; he went with us and found out Blake. When we apprehended Blake, Blake said that he had this plate given to him.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-26-person279"> WILLIAM CABLE
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person279" type="surname" value="CABLE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person279" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-26-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pot boy at Orange-street, Bloomsbury-place.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember a lady of the name of Devey coming to you - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you the boy that was sent with a message to Kelly - A. Yes, she sent me of an errand to 49, to Kelly, to tell him to come; Kelly came about eleven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any bundle - A I did not.</p>
<p>Mr. Reynolds. You saw Kelly come, and you saw no bundle - A. Yes. I saw no bundle.</p>
<p>Q. If the bundle had been of any fine at all you must have seen it if he had brought it - A. Yes, I must.</p>
<p>COURT. Did Kelly come once or twice - A. I saw him come once.</p>
<p>Q. to Blake. How often did Kelly come to Mrs. Devey at the public-house in Bloomsbury - A. Twice.</p>
<p>STEPHEN LAVENDER. I am an officer. I had
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200019"/>some conversation with Atkins, he said he was cautioned about purchasing this plate, and in consequence of this caution, he buried the plate before he sold it.</p>
<p>Q. Then he told you that he had sold it - A Yes, to the silversmith in Gracechurch-street, he said that he buried it in consequence of some caution he had of Blake.</p>
<p>Q. to Perry. Did Atkins give you reference to Mr. Clerke - A. No; he was known at our shop I had known him a month or six weeks before. I knew from Atkins that he had dealt with Mr. Clerke, and there he was found.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutrix. Look at the plate, is that your property - A. The silver has my crest upon it; these two, they are all my own that is produced, and more is wanting still; these are worth twelve, thirteen or fifteen pounds: I do not know exactly.</p>
<p>Kelly's Defence. I am free of the charge against me.</p>
<p>Atkins's Defence. I hope I gave a fair price for them.</p>
<p>Kelly called one witness, who gave him a good character</p>
<rs id="t18110220-26-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-26-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> -
<rs id="t18110220-26-punish143" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-26-punish143" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-defend268 t18110220-26-punish143"/> DEATH </rs>, aged 48.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-26-verdict144" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-26-verdict144" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 31.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-26-punish145" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-26-punish145" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-26-defend272 t18110220-26-punish145"/> Transported for Fourteen Years </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Middlesex jury, before Mr. justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-27-defend281" type="defendantName"> JAMES POTTER
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<interp inst="t18110220-27-defend281" type="age" value="58"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t18110220-27-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-27-off146 t18110220-27-cd147"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-27-off148 t18110220-27-cd147"/> one hundred and twenty-seven ounces of silver cuttings, value 30 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-27-victim283" type="victimName"> Paul Storr
<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim283" type="surname" value="Storr"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim283" type="given" value="Paul"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18110220-27-victim285" type="victimName"> Philip Rundle
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<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim285" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18110220-27-victim286" type="victimName"> John Bridge
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<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18110220-27-victim288" type="victimName"> Edmund Waller Rundle
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<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim288" type="given" value="Edmund Waller"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18110220-27-victim290" type="victimName"> William Theed
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<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim290" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-victim290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and
<persName id="t18110220-27-defend292" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH AARON
<interp inst="t18110220-27-defend292" type="surname" value="AARON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-defend292" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-defend292" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-defend292" type="age" value="48"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t18110220-27-off148" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-27-off148" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-off148" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving on the same day the said goods knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-27-person293"> THOMAS SMITH
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person293" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person293" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a painter and glazier, I live at No. 2, Little Moorfields.</p>
<p>Q. On the morning of Sunday the 5th of February were you in St. Paul's Church-yard - A. I was, about seven in the morning, I was going into Cheapside, I there saw the two prisoners at the bar, they were a little separate they were talking to each other, and walking in one direction. I was in Cheapside, I saw them going towards Foster Lane, whether they came out of the Old Change or St. Paul's Church-yard I cannot say, Potter had a bundle under his arm in a cotton handkerchief, Potter stopped and looked up Foster-lane as if for a direction, Aaron went a little before making a sign to him to follow him; Potter followed him and I followed him, and I followed them both to watch them: they came to Gutter-lane, Potter made another stop as if to go down there, and immediately Aaron beckoned him on again, he followed him again to Wood-street. They went down Wood-street, Aaron taking the right-hand side, and Potter the left. The Jew went into Lad-lane, Potter stepped forward and over shot Aaron, he looked back and turned down Lad-lane after Aaron; when they both took down Lad-lane, I stopped at the corner, I heard Aaron say, there is somebody watching us, give me the bundle; Potter give him the bundle, and Aaron put it under his coat. Aaron said to Potter leave me, Potter did not leave him but kept a little behind, he separated and went on the opposite side behind, I kept close to Aaron - they took to King-street, along Cateaton-street, and then to the Old Jewry; they both then kept of the left hand side of the way, and went into the Poultry, they went through the Poultry up to Goodluck's in Cornhill, there they separated at the corner of the Bank buildings, Aaron took Cornhill and Potter the Bank-buildings, I kept close to
<persName id="t18110220-27-person294">Aaron</persName> all the way, he might have heard my steps if he was not deaf, his eyes were upon me all the way, when Aaron got to the Royal Exchange door he dropped the bundle, and I picked it up.</p>
<p>COURT. Was Potter in sight then - A. I saw him looking at the corner, and when I picked up the bundle he decamped. When Aaron saw that I picked up the bundle he went away quick down one of the alleys by the Exchange. I looked over my shoulder, and saw Potter at the corner of the Bank buildings, he saw me pick up the bundle, and I saw no more of him, he saw me pick it up. I found the bundle heavy, opened it and saw it was metal, which I afterwards found was silver. This is the handkerchief it contains the silver. On the next day I went to Rundle and Bridge, Ludgate-hill, and there I found the owner of the property I delivered it to Mr. Fox, their clerk. On Wednesday I went to their manufactory in Dean-street, I saw the prisoner Potter, I am sure he is the man.</p>
<p>Q. Did you describe the person of Potter before you saw him - A. I did, Potter was sent into a yard where there were other persons; as soon as ever he made his appearance, I said, that is the man, I am positive he is the man I saw with this bundle. Aaron was taken up on the Monday following, I was present when he was apprehended in Crown-court, Wardour-street. Aaron perceived me looking at him he held his head down, when I saw his face, I was sure he was the man I saw with Potter.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-27-person295"> PAUL STORR
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person295" type="surname" value="STORR"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person295" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are partner in the firm of the manufactory in Dean-street - A. I am; the partners are
<persName id="t18110220-27-person296"> Paul Storr
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person296" type="surname" value="Storr"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person296" type="given" value="Paul"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18110220-27-person297"> Philip Rundle
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person297" type="surname" value="Rundle"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person297" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , John Bridge,
<persName id="t18110220-27-person298"> Edmund Waller Rundle
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person298" type="surname" value="Waller Rundle"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person298" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18110220-27-person299"> William Theed
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person299" type="surname" value="Theed"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person299" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-27-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; our manufactory is in Dean-street, Soho. Potter was in our employ in that manufactory, and had been for four years.</p>
<p>Q. For some time before this transaction was discovered had you missed silver from your manufactory - A. Yes, we had, I had no suspicion of Potter, he was our porter.</p>
<p>Q. Upon this being brought to you by Mr. Smith, this that is produced here to day, were you confident it is your property - A. Yes, I am. The silver was in the possession of Mr. Smith, at Ludgate Hill; I went there and saw it, they are our patterns, we had some patterns peculiar to ourselves, the weight of it is one hundred and twenty seven ounces, the value is upwards of thirty pounds.</p>
<p>Q. These pieces that you have there are they
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200020"/>called silver cuttings - A. Yes, they are, in the trade; they are our patterns. We never sell them in that state; we melt them down. I have no doubt of all of them being mine.</p>
<p>Q. When Mr. Smith came to you did he describe to you the person that he saw - A. He did, and upon that I sent Potter into the yard; Mr. Smith selected Potter immediately. Potter was taken into custody. When we walked out to his lodgings Foy the officer accompanied us; he confessed that he had stolen a few ounces of silver, which we should find at his lodgings; he denied the silver he was charged with. Afterwards, in consequence of something Potter said, I sent to Mr. Smith, and we had Aaron taken in custody.</p>
<p>- FOX. I am clerk to Rundle and Bridge. I received them cuttings of Mr. Smith.</p>
<p>Potter said nothing in his defence; called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Aaron said nothing in his defence; called eight witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-27-verdict149" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-27-verdict149" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 58.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-27-punish150" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-27-punish150" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-27-defend281 t18110220-27-punish150"/> Transported for Seven Years </rs>,</p>
<rs id="t18110220-27-verdict151" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-27-verdict151" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, aged 48.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-27-punish152" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-27-punish152" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-27-defend292 t18110220-27-punish152"/> Transported for Fourteen Years </rs>.</p>
<p>London jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-28">
<interp inst="t18110220-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28" type="year" value="1811"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/18110220"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28" type="date" value="18110220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t18110220-28-off153-c242" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-28-defend300 t18110220-28-off153 t18110220-28-verdict154"/>
<persName id="t18110220-28-defend300" type="defendantName"> RACHEL WOODTHORPE
<interp inst="t18110220-28-defend300" type="surname" value="WOODTHORPE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-defend300" type="given" value="RACHEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-defend300" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for the
<rs id="t18110220-28-off153" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-28-off153" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-off153" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of
<persName id="t18110220-28-victim302" type="victimName"> Joshua Crickett
<interp inst="t18110220-28-victim302" type="surname" value="Crickett"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-victim302" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-victim302" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-28-off153 t18110220-28-victim302"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>SPIRE HOLLOWAY. I am a silk weaver, I live at No. 7, Spital-street, Mile End.</p>
<p>Q. Were you in the habit of going to the deceased Joshua Crickett's house - A. Yes, I have been in the habit of going to him at the Weavers alms-houses about two years and a half, to carry him weekly payments, sometimes twelve shillings, sometimes eight shillings, and latterly four, from Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-28-person303"> John Holloway
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person303" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person303" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the bank. The prisoner lived with him three months longer than that time, she was his niece.</p>
<p>Q. On Saturday night the 9th of February last did you go to the alms houses - A. In the evening I did, with four shillings as usual. When I knocked at the door the prisoner called who is there? I answered, it is me; the door was not opened at first; after I had been there sometime she opened the door about one third; she stood behind the street door, put her hand out and asked me if it was silver; I told her it was copper, she told me I could not come in, her uncle was unwell and dozing; I walked in, I approached the table; she then went on the other side of the table and endeavoured to conceal somewhat from me, she prevented me from coming round the foot of the bed; she treated me in that manner three times, as I moved she moved, to cover somewhat as I suppose. I then said, if it is unpleasant to you for me to bring the money, Miss Woodthorpe, you must come to my house for it. She had been to my house on the Thursday before, but did not inform my family; I asked her what was the matter with her uncle on the Thursday, she said no matter now. On the next morning my wife received this letter from her, I immediately came home and received this letter; I went there on the Sunday about one o'clock, I took an officer with me; when I entered the room I said to her, you have sent me a letter; she said, here is a copy of it.</p>
<p>(The letter read, signed R. Woodthorpe.)</p>
<p>"MR. HOLLOWAY.</p>
<p>I am sore distressed; I gave my uncle a piece of cake and wine the last thing before I went to bed, I left the knife and piece of cake upon the night stool. In my first sleep he reached the knife, and cut his throat; it was unknown to me; I was awoke by a strong smell, and when I turned myself I found I was all in blood; it was about half past two in the morning, and I all alone. I am much distressed; my mind is hurt in doing for him, and now to have a painful end. I shall thank you come and advise me what to do.</p>
<p>Yours, in great trouble,
<persName id="t18110220-28-person304">R. </persName> WOODTHORPE.</p>
<p>Mr Holloway; Here is the identical bit of cake that was put on the night stool to cut. I told the prisoner. I believed she had cut her uncle's throat; she said to her friends,</p>
<p>"do you hear what Mr. Holloway says, his words were always like swords and daggers to me." After this I went to the deceased, I found he could not articulate.</p>
<p>Q. What aged man was the deceased - A. Eighty-three, a very infirm man; he was feeble all over his system; he could not walk about for the last two or three months, he was bed ridden. When I went to his bed side his wound had been dressed; I found he was unable to articulate; I asked him if he did this act to signify it by holding up his hand. I am sure he knew me, his eyes were open, he shook hands with me, he did not hold up his hand; I then asked him if his niece did it to signify it by holding up his hand. He did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe the linen on the bed whether there was much blood - A. There was a deal of blood where he laid, but none where Miss Woodthorpe laid.</p>
<p>Q. Was she in the habit of sleeping with her uncle - A. So she informed me, on account of his infirmity. I returned the next day between four and five, before day light, then I examined the bed particularly, I found no blood on the side that Miss Woodthorpe slept; I found a small pen-knife in the bed; I then said to him, Mr. Crickett, did you do this act; he said, no. He could then articulate with sufficient clearness. I asked him if his niece did it; he said, yes: I was astonished when I heard him say so. There was no one present but the nurse that I placed there, her name is Johnson. I let him rest. It was much labour to say yes, he could say no; there was much wind issued from the wound.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the throat at that time - A. I did not before I went to the magistrate; I asked him again, Mr. Crickett did you do this? he said, no. Did your niece do this? he said, yes. After that I went to the magistrate, the magistrate came there, I was present, the examination took place about two o'clock. On the evening of the same day, between eight and nine o'clock, I went there again, my daughter Boosey and her husband was present. When I entered the room I went to his bedside, I found he was more capable of articulating than I had seen him before; I then said to him, Mr. Crickett, did you cut your own throat; he said, with a peculiar emphasis, no; I then said, did your niece do it, he replied plainer than I had heard him before, yes.</p>
<p>Q.At any of these conversations was the niece
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200021"/>present - A. When the magistrate was there she was present, but no other time.</p>
<p>Q Do you recollect at any period of his life whether he had been insane - A. In the middle part of his life he had been insane, I understand, and about seventeen years ago I thought I saw a little wildness in consequence of some little misfortunes, it soon went away; from that time to his decease I did not observe the least return of it. I saw the wound almost a day before he died; the windpipe was nearly cut through; some tapinda that he took came through it. I fetched Mr. Fox to dress the wound. The last conversation that I had with him was a few minutes before his death. Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-28-person305"> Thomas Holloway
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person305" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person305" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of Hampton-court was upon a visit, he was another nephew. After he had spoken sometime in prayer, in which Mr. Cricket seemed heartily to join with him, and lifting up his hands and saying, Amen,
<persName id="t18110220-28-person306"> Thomas Holloway
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person306" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person306" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> asked him if he cut his own throat; he said, no. He spoke no more, it was his last word. He asked him if his niece did it; he appeared incapable of articulating any more. In twenty-five minutes after that he died.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person307"> SARAH PENTON
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person307" type="surname" value="PENTON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person307" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person307" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in the Weavers almshouses, my husband is a silk weaver; I live in the opposite corner to which they live.</p>
<p>Q. On the evening of Saturday night did you go to their house - A. Yes, just before Mr. Holloway went there; I knocked at the door, she opened it; she said, Mrs. Penton, you will excuse coming in, my uncle is very poorly in his bowels; I told her what I came about, then I went away. I saw the bed, he seemed to be laying very comfortable.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person308"> CATHERINE EAGLE
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person308" type="surname" value="EAGLE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person308" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person308" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the wife of
<persName id="t18110220-28-person309"> Henry Eagle
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person309" type="surname" value="Eagle"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person309" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I live at No. 2, King's Head-court, Shoreditch. I washed for the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. On Saturday night did you carry home any linen in the basket - A. Yes, about half after eight. She asked me why I did not send my linen home by my neighbour Eagle; I told her it was not done; she opened the door a little way and took the basket in; on other occasions when I went I always went in.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person310"> SARAH SANDERS
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person310" type="surname" value="SANDERS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person310" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person310" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live next door to the deceased. I have known Mr. Cricket four years, he had been confined to his bed about six months, he had not been able to cut his meat some time; the prisoner told me he could not help himself, she was obliged to assist him like a baby. On the Saturday night, about nine o'clock, I saw her, I believe she did not stop with me ten minutes. I saw her the next morning about eight o'clock, she came to me in great distress; she said, my uncle has cut his throat, about two o'clock in the morning, as nigh as she could guess; she was awoke with a great smell; she went round to her uncle, and said, uncle, what have you been doing; she received no answer, nor had not received any answer up to the time that she was speaking to me; I asked her why she did not call for assistance; her reply was, as her uncle was not dead she did not wish to disturb any body. I called my husband to go for assistance. He did. I went in on the Monday morning, and kneeled down by his bed side, I believe he saw me, I told him my name was Sarah Saunders; I said, Mr. Crickett, I am going to ask you a question, I hope you will resolve it; I said, Mr. Crickett, did you do this act yourself; his reply was, no, quite distinct; I asked him the second time, Mr. Crickett, are you sure that you did not do it yourself; he answered no; I then said, did your niece do it; after resting some time he replied, yes, distinctly. I asked the two persons in the room to give attention, they said the heard it; they are not here.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. How long had you known the deceased - A. Four years; my husband had known him forty years.</p>
<p>Q. You know that the poor man was afflicted with insanity some years back - do not you know that he some years ago hanged himself - A. I have heard my husband say so.</p>
<p>Q. You say the prisoner came to you in great distress, there was no one to take care of this old man out her - A. No.</p>
<p>COURT. Did she take great care of him - A. So far as I know.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person311"> SOPHIA BOOSEY
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person311" type="surname" value="BOOSEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person311" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person311" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the daughter of Mr. Holloway that has been examined; I live at No. 4, Spital-street. On Sunday morning, about ten o'clock, I saw the prisoner at the deceased's house, before the wound was dressed; Miss Woolthorpe was present and my husband; I uncovered the bed as soon as I went in; the wound appeared to be three inches in length across his throat.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see whether the windpipe was cut - A. Mr. Fox put his finger in as he was laying on his right side; that side of the bed was very bloody, the other side was not.</p>
<p>Q. When you saw him in the morning state what past - A. The prisoner met me at the door and said, I am glad to see you. I then went and uncovered the bed, he seemed to me to be done bleeding. I asked the prisoner how long it had been done; she said she awoke at about half past two in the morning and found herself all in blood; she said to him, uncle, what have you done; he made no reply; she got up and walked about the room till she was very cold, then she lit the fire; I said, why did not you send for assistance before now; she said, she wanted somebody to administer that advice. I asked her what he did it with; she said a table-knife; I said, let me look at it; she gave it me out of the closet; I said, you have wiped it; she said, she had on a flannel waistcoat that he had tied round his body; she had taken the waistcoat off his arms, and wiped the knife on that flannel waistcoat. She then produced me a copy of a letter that she had sent my father telling me that she writ that copy in case any thing should happen. I asked her where she found the knife, because she said her uncle did it, and she supposed he had flung it out of bed; she said she found it afterwards at the foot of the bed, by his side.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known Mr. Crickett - A. I have known him from my infancy. I was present when Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-28-person312"> Thomas Holloway
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person312" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person312" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Mr. Lemaire put questions to him about half an hour before he died. I heard him say on the Wednesday that he did not do it. Mr. Holloway was engaged in prayer by the side of the bed, and after he had done prayer he said, Mr. Crickett, did you cut your own throat; he said, no. It was the last word he said.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person313"> RICHARD WILSON
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person313" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person313" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an officer of Worship-street office. I searched at the deceased's house for a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200022"/>handkerchief that the prisoner said was sprinkled with blood, and after wards said it was deluged in blood. I found the handkerchief in the drawer, it was pinned up in a night cap; it is sprinkled with a little blood just there.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person314"> SAMUEL LEMAIRE
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person314" type="surname" value="LEMAIRE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person314" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a beadle of the weaver's company, I have known Mr. Crickett ever since I could remember, and I have known the prisoner ever since she came to live with her uncle.</p>
<p>Q. How lately have you been at Mr. Crickett's house - A. About three months ago, he was up stairs. I saw him about six months ago, by his fire side.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him on Sunday the 10th - A. I did not; I saw him on the Monday at eleven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Who was present when you saw him - A The nurse,
<persName id="t18110220-28-person315"> Sarah Johnson
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person315" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person315" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person315" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , he was then in a doze. At one o'clock I went to the house again; I saw him then, and conversed with him; I sat down by his bed-side. I said Mr. Crickett, I am Mr. Lemaire's son, your old acquaintance; he looked up, and put out his hand; I said, Mr. Crickett, did you do it yourself, he drawed his hands together, and said, no; he then put his hands together, his lips muttered; what he said I could not understand; he appeared to me to be in devotion, he appeared then rather saint; I suppose it was two minutes before I put another question to him, I then said, who did do it Mr. Crickett; he made no reply; I said, did your niece do it, Mr. Crickett; at that time his hands laid upon the sheet, he raised his hand and put it to his throat, but did not speak; I put the same question to him three times, every time he repeated the same motion by putting his hand to his throat, but did not speak. I know the prisoner was at Worship-street Office, I went there, and the magistrate came with me to the dying man's apartment. At seven o'clock in the evening, on the same day, I went to Mr. Crickett's house, I kneeled down by the bedside, he appeared to me to be more revived than when I had seen him in the middle of the day; I put my hand on his shoulder, he looked at me, I said my name is Lemaire. Did you do this rash act yourself, Mr. Crickett; he said, no, and that strong. Did you do it yourself, Mr. Crickett - no. At that time the air issued through the aperture of the windpipe, and he appeared saint, I gave him some wine, it issued out of his windpipe. I said as your dissolution is issuing, I hope you are prepared for where you are going; he turned his head upon the pillow and said, no; Mr. Crickett are you sure that your niece did it; he said, yes. Mr. Crickett are you sure that you did not do it yourself? no. Are you sure that your niece did it? Yes. They are the last words I heard him utter.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. During the time that you have known Mr. Crickett do you know of your own knowledge of his being deranged - A. Yes; I know of his being confined in Bedlam, the first time 1777 or 78. I was then but young. I cannot say how long he was confined; he afterwards came out, he was restored to his faculties; in 1785 or 86 he was deranged again; after that I have heard that he was deranged a third time.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever observed any appearance of derangement about him lately - A. No, but a great dissatisfaction about him, his salary being so small.</p>
<p>SAMUEL FOX. I am a surgeon, I live in Bishopgate-street. On Sunday the 10th I went to the deceased about ten o'clock in the morning, I found a wound across the throat, from two to three inches in length, and about one in depth; the windpipe was partly divided. I asked the deceased if he cut his throat himself; he said no. I asked him if his ce cut it, he made no reply to that. I afterwards dressed it; he appeared to have last a vast deal of blood. I have known him about eighteen months and frequently attended him; I have seen a mental variance in his understanding I never saw him of his bed for the time I knew him; I should suppose he was bed ridden.</p>
<p>Q. From the infirm state he was in, he being bed ridden, was he capable of inflicting that wound himself - A. I should think not. In insanity I should; think he might possess more energy at that time; that wound was the cause of his death.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley A momentary fit of insanity produces momentary strength - A. No doubt of it.</p>
<p>Q. And a man more advanced in life is more liable to it at that time - A. Certainly The large arteries were not cut, if they had been cut he would have bled to death; the smaller ones might stop The wound might be inflicted on the Saturday before; what time it is impossible for me to state.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-28-person316"> JOSEPH MOSER
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person316" type="surname" value="MOSER"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person316" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are a magistrate - is that the examination of the deceased - A.It is. It was taken by me in the presence of the prisoner.</p>
<p>" Middlesex to wit, the examination of Joshua Crickett, taken by me, Joseph Moser, in the presence of Rachel Woodthorpe. February 11th, 1811. The said examinant being asked by me in presence of the prisoner if he did this, signs being made to him to signify his giving himself the wound in the throat under which he now labours, distinctly said, no. This question was repeated by
<persName id="t18110220-28-person317"> Samuel Lemaire
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person317" type="surname" value="Lemaire"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person317" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he distinctly answered, no. The said
<persName id="t18110220-28-person318"> Samuel Lemaire
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person318" type="surname" value="Lemaire"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person318" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-28-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> asked the said Joshua if his niece did it, he said first, no; twice (upon the question being repeated) he answered distinctly, yes.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Holloway. Did you hear her state what expectation she had - A. I did, on Saturday the 25th of January. She asked me to go to ask Mr. Holloway of the bank to let her have twenty pounds; she said she was very much embarrassed, she wished to go into the country and leave her uncle; I asked Mr. Holloway if he would let her have twenty pound; he said no; I returned the same evening and acquainted her with Mr. Holloway's decision. She said she did not know what she should do; I told her if she was distressed it was a pity but what she should go in the country, and leave her uncle at once, we would take care of him. In our conversation I proposed his going into St. Bride's workhouse. I told her as he had fifteen shillings and nine-pence coming in he would be very comfortable there; Miss Woodthorpe seemed much pleased, and said that exactly met her idea. I then said to her, remember Miss Woodthorpe you will not have the goods; your uncle told me twenty years ago that he had willed them to Mr. Holloway of Hampton-court, and Mr. Holloway of the Bank. She then said, I do not know what I am to do now, Mr. Holloway will not let me have twenty pound, and I am not to have the goods; what am I to do, I cannot
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200023"/>go into the country.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. Whenever I met that gentleman he struck a terror to my heart, and my uncle said repeatedly the last week or two, never let him him, come nigh me; he had agitated him and put him in nine months ago, by talking of carrying him to St. Bride's workhouse.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-28-verdict154" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-28-verdict154" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury, before Mr justice Heath.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t18110220-29-defend320" type="defendantName"> ROBERT SALMON
<interp inst="t18110220-29-defend320" type="surname" value="SALMON"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-defend320" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-defend320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-29-off155" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-29-off155" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-off155" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t18110220-29-cd156" type="crimeDate">12th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-29-off155 t18110220-29-cd156"/>, a warrant for the payment of 20 l. a bill of exchange, value 20 l. and a promissory note for the payment of one pound, and one other promissory note for the payment of 1 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-29-victim322" type="victimName"> Richard Bryant
<interp inst="t18110220-29-victim322" type="surname" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-victim322" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-victim322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18110220-29-victim323" type="victimName"> William Bryant
<interp inst="t18110220-29-victim323" type="surname" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-victim323" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-victim323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>JOHN JENNINGS. I am a clerk to
<persName id="t18110220-29-person324"> Richard Bryant
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person324" type="surname" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person324" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t18110220-29-person325"> William Bryant
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person325" type="surname" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person325" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , they
<rs id="t18110220-29-viclabel157" type="occupation">keep a bank</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-29-victim322 t18110220-29-viclabel157"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-29-victim323 t18110220-29-viclabel157"/> at Newmarket. On the 11th of December I made up this parcel that was lost, it contained country and bank notes to the amount of eleven hundred and six pounds ten shillings, in notes and bills.</p>
<p>Q. Was that one of the bills that you put in the parcel - A. It was; it is a check for twenty pound for Fry and Sons.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these three one pound notes, and tell me whether you put them up in the parcel - A. They were in the same parcel with the twenty pound check; they are three one pound notes of the Clare bank. When I made up the parcel I carried it to the coachman's house, between ten and eleven at night, I directed the parcel to Mrs. Stephenson and Company, bankers, 69, Lombard-street, London. I delivered the parcel to
<persName id="t18110220-29-person326"> Ann Clark
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person326" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person326" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person326" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the coachman's wife. It is a coach that comes through Newmarket, the Norwich Expedition.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-29-person327"> ANN CLARK
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person327" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person327" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person327" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband is coachman of the Norwich Expedition; I received the parcel the last witness has spoken off; I gave it to my husband, he took it.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-29-person328"> SAMUEL CLARK
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person328" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person328" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I drive the Norwich Expedition coach. On the 11th of December I received a parcel of my wife, I put it in the foreseat of the forebody of the coach; it is a double bodied coach; in the forebody of the coach there were four females and one man passenger, I cannot speak to any of them. I drive the coach from Newmarket to London.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Did the same passengers come from Newmarket the whole of the way to London - A. No, a lady got out at Woodford, a gentleman got out at Clapton, and another got out before we came to London.</p>
<p>Q. Now I would ask you from the time that you took in the parcel till the time you came to London had you looked to see whether the parcel was safe - A. No, I did not examine the forebody until I got to London; I am not certain whether the prisoner was one of the passenger or not.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-29-person329"> JOHN LLOYD
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person329" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person329" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the guard to this coach.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any circumstance that made you notice any person - A. Only a person having a handkerchief, half over his face in the forebody; he got out at Clapton. I do not know the prisoner.</p>
<p>WILLIAM SALTER. I am book-keeper at the Bull Inn, Bishopsgate-street. On the 12th of December I took a parcel out of the Norwich Expedition for Mr. Stephenson. I took it to
<persName id="t18110220-29-person330"> John Smith
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person330" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person330" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person330" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he carried it directly to Mr. Stephenson.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-29-person331"> JOHN SMITH
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person331" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person331" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. Did you receive a parcel of the last witness to take to Mr. Stephenson - A.Yes, I took it there, and saw it opened, and there papers were found in it.</p>
<p>JOSEPH TOLAND. Q. I believe you were present when the parcel was opened at Messrs. Stephensons - A. Yes, this is the parcel, it was brought by that lad; the parce contained no notes, only that paper and the parcel was not directed, but had some seals upon it.</p>
<p>Q. to Salter. You say you took out a brown paper parcel, and gave it to Smith; were there any directions on that parcel - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to send it to Mr. Stephenson's - A. I asked the coachman if there was any parcel for Messrs. Stephenson, he said, yes, and I took that.</p>
<p>Q. to Clark. Did you look at the parcel that your wife gave to you to see the direction - A. No, I had no time; I only took the parcel and put in the coach.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any memorandum taken of it - A. None, it never was in the way-bill, it was in my custody; as he is the proprietor of the coach I should have put it in my pocket if I could conveniently. They are never booked when they come to my house; I am sure I put it in the coach.</p>
<p>Q. Did you stop at all in London - A. Yes, we just pulled up at the Bull in Bishopgate-street, I was by my horses, one gentleman got out there I believe. When the book-keeper took the parcel out of the coach at the Bull; it appeared to me to be the same size that was delivered me by my wife.</p>
<p>Q. How long did the coach stop at the Bull - A. About ten minutes; I saw Salter come out immediately almost for the parcel; I was standing by my horses with my face to the coach.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-29-person332"> JOSEPH COX
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person332" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person332" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-29-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a ticket porter, I ply at the Change. In December, I cannot ascertain the day of the month; I recollect a person applying to me to get a note cashed at the bankers. I verily believe the prisoner to be the person. I was on my stand at the Bank Buildings. I believe the prisoner to be the person, he put a paper in my hand, and enquired for St. Mildred's Court, I told him he had passed it; he took a twenty pound note out, and asked me to get two ten pound notes for the twenty pound. And he not asking my name, nor taking any notice of my number, I made a remark upon him. This is the check; I took the check of him; I said, I would do it; I presented it at Mr. Fry's banking-house, they gave me two ten pounds for it; I told them the circumstance that I had remarked; they took my name, and where I plyed; I returned with the two ten pound notes, and received a shilling of the prisoner, I believe; I returned the two ten pound notes to the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="181102200024"/>man who sent me. The prisoner said he was waiting for his master, he should have gone by rights himself, but he was afraid of missing his master. I believe upon my oath that the prisoner was the man.</p>
<p>- TILMORE. I am clerk to Messrs. Fry and company, Bankers, St. Mildred's-court.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect the last witness coming to their shop - A. I do, that is the draft I paid it on the 13th of December, I paid two ten pound notes in consequence of what Cox said, at his request, I took his address.</p>
<p>JOHN CHAMPION. I am clerk in the house of Messrs. Newton, Birchin-lane. On Saturday the 5th of January the prisoner brought six one pound notes of the Clare bank.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these three, and tell me whether these are three of the six that were tended for payment - A. They are the same number, and in every other respect the same, and the same value, they have been out of my possession, the other three I paid.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to take the number of these three - A. On account of the notice that we had at our office, that four one pound notes were included in that parcel, and three of those produced by the prisoner to me were three of those four notes; I gave to Mr.
<persName id="t18110220-29-person333">Newton</persName> the three notes that I had of the prisoner that I suspected.</p>
<p>JOHN NEWTON. Q. I wish to ask you whether that witness gave you these three notes - A. He gave me six notes, I took them to Mr. Stephenson, I have no personal knowledge that they are the three notes; I took the six, and left them at Mr. Stephenson's.</p>
<p>Q. Was that before the lad took a memorandum - A. I apprehend it was, I gave them to Mr. Tolman.</p>
<p>- TOLMAN. Q. Did you receive these notes along with others - A. If I did, I should not know them. I do not know that I received them at all.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-29-verdict158" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-29-verdict158" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>London Jury, before Mr. Common Serjeant.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t18110220-30">
<interp inst="t18110220-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30" type="year" value="1811"/>
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<persName id="t18110220-30-defend335" type="defendantName"> THOMAS BLACKGROVE
<interp inst="t18110220-30-defend335" type="surname" value="BLACKGROVE"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-defend335" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-defend335" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-defend335" type="age" value="49"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t18110220-30-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-30-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t18110220-30-cd160" type="crimeDate">31st of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t18110220-30-off159 t18110220-30-cd160"/>, one hundred and fifty pounds weight of paper, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t18110220-30-victim336" type="victimName"> Duke Colson
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim336" type="surname" value="Colson"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim336" type="given" value="Duke"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t18110220-30-victim338" type="victimName"> John Henry Perry
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim338" type="surname" value="Perry"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim338" type="given" value="John Henry"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t18110220-30-victim340" type="victimName"> Paul Mallin
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim340" type="surname" value="Mallin"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim340" type="given" value="Paul"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-victim340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>SECOND COUNT for like offence, only varying the manner of charging it.</p>
<p>WILLIAM SMITH. I am clerk to the prosecutors, Duke Colson,
<persName id="t18110220-30-person341"> John Henry Perry
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person341" type="surname" value="Henry Perry"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person341" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and Paul Mallin, the prisoner has been in their employ about nine months.</p>
<p>Q. Had a quantity of books prior to the year ninety been ordered to be burnt - A. From the year forty to ninety were ordered to be burnt, none of the books since were ordered to be burnt. In consequence of information, I went to the house of Needham and Co. cheesemongers in the Borough, I there saw a quantity of paper which belonged to the prosecutors.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-30-person342"> JOHN HONEYBALL
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person342" type="surname" value="HONEYBALL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person342" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am shopman to Messieurs Needham and Co. cheesemongers. The prisoner first came to our shop in December, he said, do you buy waste paper. I answered yes, if it was clean, I would give him four pence a pound for it, he said he was clearing out an old warehouse, where a large quantity of waste paper lay which was consigned to be burnt, he came the next day with four or five books, which we purchased at four pence per pound at different times he sold to me from a hundred weight to an hundred weight and a quarter. I delivered up the whole that I purchased.</p>
<p>Smith. I have looked the books over, they are the property of Messrs. Colson and company, and those from the year 1790 to 1800 were deposited in a chest. I told the prisoner those in the chest, were not to be destroyed.</p>
<persName id="t18110220-30-person343"> PAUL MALLIN
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person343" type="surname" value="MALLIN"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person343" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="t18110220-30-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Q. You are one of the partners in this firm - A. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Upon the prisoner being apprehended did you signify for what he was taken - A. Certainly; he at first denied the fact, and then he confessed to have taken a few. They are our property. I should imagine the weight he took to be five hundred pounds and they are as late as 1806.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I readily acknowledge here, as I did before the Lord Mayor. I disposed of some as waste paper. I did not think it was a serious offence because my master ordered me to burn a considerable number of papers and books in the warehouse yard, I certainly should have asked my employer's leave. I throw myself upon the mercy of the Court.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-30-verdict161" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t18110220-30-verdict161" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> aged 49.</p>
<rs id="t18110220-30-punish162" type=