<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery FOR THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL, IN THE OLD-BAILEY, ON WEDNESDAY, the 19th of JUNE, 1799, and following Days, BEING THE SIXTH SESSION IN THE MAYORALTY OF The Right Honourable SIR RICHARD CARR GLYN, KNIGHT, LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.
<persName id="f17990619-1-person1"> WILLIAM RAMSEY
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person1" type="surname" value="RAMSEY"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , AND Published by Authority.</p>
<p>LONDON: Printed and published by W. WILSON, No. 15, St. Peter's-Hill, Little Knight-Rider-Street, Doctors' Commons.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, &c.</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> RICHARD CARR
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person2" type="surname" value="CARR"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person2" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> GLYN, Knight,
<persName id="f17990619-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person3" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person3" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the CITY of LONDON;
<persName id="f17990619-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN HEATH
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person4" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Efq; one of the Justices of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<persName id="f17990619-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN WILLIAM
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person5" type="surname" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ROSE, Knight, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="f17990619-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN SILVESTER
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person6" type="surname" value="SILVESTER"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person6" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Common-Serjeant at Law of the said City; and others, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of LONDON, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of NEWGATE, holden for the said City and County of MIDDLESEX.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Edward Alderson
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person7" type="surname" value="Alderson"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person7" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person8" type="jurorName"> William-Robert Shaw
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person8" type="surname" value="Shaw"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person8" type="given" value="William-Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person8" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person9" type="jurorName"> William Willetts
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person9" type="surname" value="Willetts"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person9" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Edward Colemere
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person10" type="surname" value="Colemere"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person10" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Thomas Dunhill
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person11" type="surname" value="Dunhill"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person11" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Thomas Remnant
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person12" type="surname" value="Remnant"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person12" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Leader
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person13" type="surname" value="Leader"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person14" type="jurorName"> James Pidding
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person14" type="surname" value="Pidding"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person14" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Frederick Bickerton
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person15" type="surname" value="Bickerton"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person15" type="given" value="Frederick"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Daniel Green
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person16" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person16" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Hugh White
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person17" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person17" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Isaac Hawley
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person18" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Alexander Barclay
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person19" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Joseph Tierney
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person20" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Dixon Holmes
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person21" type="given" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Samuel James
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person22" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person23" type="jurorName"> John Moreton
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person23" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person24" type="jurorName"> John Lewis
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person24" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person24" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person25" type="jurorName"> William White
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person25" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person25" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Lardner
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Richard Holloway
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person27" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person27" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person28" type="jurorName"> William Bennett
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person28" type="surname" value="Bennett"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person28" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Hugh Burgess
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person29" type="surname" value="Burgess"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person29" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person30" type="jurorName"> William Rayner
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person30" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Thomas Shelton
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person31" type="surname" value="Shelton"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person31" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person32" type="jurorName"> William Bibby
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<interp inst="f17990619-1-person32" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person33" type="jurorName"> John Scott
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person33" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Joseph Bagnall
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person34" type="surname" value="Bagnall"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person34" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person35" type="jurorName"> William Hilton
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person35" type="surname" value="Hilton"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person35" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Henry Hall
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person36" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person36" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Robert Taylor
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person37" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person37" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person38" type="jurorName"> William Henley
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person38" type="surname" value="Henley"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person38" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person39" type="jurorName"> David Rankin
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person39" type="surname" value="Rankin"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person39" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person40" type="jurorName"> George Hall
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person40" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person40" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person41" type="jurorName"> William Canner
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person41" type="surname" value="Canner"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person41" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17990619-1-person42" type="jurorName"> John Roberts
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person42" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person42" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17990619-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-1-defend43" type="defendantName"> ROBERT WALKER
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<interp inst="t17990619-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-1-off1 t17990619-1-cd2"/> last, nineteen wether sheep, value 25l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-1-victim44" type="victimName"> Rose Beckford
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-1-victim44 t17990619-1-viclabel3"/>(The case was stated by Mr. Lockhart.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person45"> WILLIAM WILLIS
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<interp inst="t17990619-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine. Q. You are bailiff to Rose Beckford, Esq.? - A. Yes, at Hitchin, in Hertfordshire; I saw the sheep in the sold on the 19th of March, on a Tuesday; I did not go to the sold the next morning, because the shepherd told me the sheep were missing; I missed nineteen wether sheep.</p>
<p>Q. Did you afterwards see any of those sheep, and in whose possession? - A. Yes, I saw eight afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. How long afterwards? - A.About the 9th or 10th of April, it was on a Wednesday, I saw eight of these wether sheep at Mr. Field's, a butcher, in Whitechapel; I immediately knew them to be my master's property, by some of the brand R B being visible, and some not in the middle near side; there was one large horned sheep; the horn was particular, it was what they call a reek sheep, which are subject to have thicker horns; I can speak particularly to that, and I can swear that all the others were Mr. Beckford's property; I saw the large horned sheep in Mr. Field's pasturing-place.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person46"> THOMAS LVORY
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<interp inst="t17990619-1-person46" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On the 20th of March I met
<persName id="t17990619-1-person47"> Robert Walker
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person47" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person47" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> as I was going to Cheshunt; I drive a team; I met him between Enfield-highway and Cheshunt; I know him very well; I knew him before, that made me speak to him then, or else I should never have thought of speaking to him; I had known him a year before that, because he lived in the neighbourhood; he was driving sheep in the road towards town; I do not know how many, I cannot guess or say how many there were, because I had no thought about it; I did not observe whether they were marked; I asked him where he was going with them; he said, to Smithfield; I asked him whether any body was with him; he said, no; it was Wednesday; I cannot exactly say what hour it was, it might be nine or ten o'clock, or thereabouts</p>
<p>Q.(To Willis.) What time did you miss the sheep? - A. Wednesday morning, about six o'clock.</p>
<p>Q.(To Ivory.) Did the prisoner tell you where he had brought them from? - A. He said, he had brought them from Hitchin, out of Hertfordshire; I apprehended him afterwards on Whitsun Monday, between Barnet and Enfield.</p>
<p>Q. How many days afterwards was it that you saw him the first time? - A. A long time, that was in March, and it was Whitsun Monday I took the lad; I cannot tell how many days it is.</p>
<p>Q. Was he in service when you apprehended him? - A. He was along with a one-horse cart and a load of goods when I took him.</p>
<p>JONATHAN TAYLOR sworn. - I live at Ponder's-end; I remember seeing the sheep on the 20th of March, at the back of a field of mine upon the common, about eleven o'clock; there were nineteen sheep, they were wether sheep, and there was a B plain enough, but I cannot positively say what the other mark was that was before it; it was on the near side, about the middle: I did not see the prisoner at the bar at that time; I saw some lad with them in the evening; I was at a distance; I cannot say I should know him, I was a hundred yards distance in my own field; he was in a smock frock; it was near dusk; I did not see him do any thing, he was only by the side of the sheep; I saw them the next day till the evening again; I moved them from the side of my field down the common, and I saw a lad in the evening move them away; it appeared to be the same lad I saw before, he was dressed the same, as near as I could guess, with a smock frock on, that is all I know of it.</p>
<p>Court. Q. You don't speak to the prisoner at all? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Ponder's-end is nearer town than Cheshunt? - A. Yes; Ponder's-end, from Cheshunt, is about three miles.</p>
<p>Q.(To Ivory.) At the time you saw the prisoner on the 20th of March, how was he dressed? - A. In a smock frock when I saw him; what he had else I cannot say.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person48"> JOHN ROBINSON
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<interp inst="t17990619-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am pen-man to Mr. Payne, who is a salesman in Smithfield-market.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner? - A. Yes; he drove several lots of sheep in Mr. Spencer's name; I have known him, I dare say, four or five years; he has been in the habit of bringing sheep for Mr. Spencer.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember, on Good Friday, the 22d of March, his bringing any sheep to you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he bring any to you? - A. When I came down from Islington, they were in the pen; he told me he had nineteen sheep for Mr. Payne to sell; they were in Mr. Payne's pen.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say he had them to sell? - A. No, he said they were for Mr. Payne to sell; he brought
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190004"/>them himself about six o'clock in the morning, it was light; there were nineteen, I always tell them for my own safety; I did not observe the mark; there was a brand on the near side, but it was a very blind brand; I can read a brand when I see it; I did not observe the letters.</p>
<p>Q. Was there more than one? - A. It looked like two.</p>
<p>Q. In what condition were the sheep? - A. They were in stock, not fit to kill, he did not inform me whose sheep they were; when I saw my master, I told him of it; the prisoner was present; the prisoner delivered them to me, and I delivered them to Mr. Payne, in Smithfield-market, the same day, not above three quarters of an hour afterwards; I was not present at any conversation that took place between the prisoner and my master about the sheep.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person49"> SIMON PAYNE
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person49" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person49" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine.</p>
<p>Q. I believe you are a salesman in Smithfield market? - A. Yes; I asked my man where the sheep were; I looked at them, and handled them, there were about nineteen or a score of sheep.</p>
<p>Q. How soon after you made the enquiry, did the lad appear? - A. In a very few minutes; I went to him, and asked him how Mr. Spencer came to send such sheep, for it was robbing him to have such sheep in the market; the markets were so low at that time, and the sheep not fat; his reply was, that they were his uncle Walker's, and he had so many sheep, and the keep was short, that they must be sold. I never saw the sheep till then; I am not a buyer of sheep, I sell them; I sold them for this Mr. Walker whom he told me was his uncle.</p>
<p>Q. Without further enquiry? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you happen to see the letter W on them? - A. No; we don't look at the brand one time in twenty; that is the way I usually do business; there is not one in ten that does it; we have no business to look at them; I did not examine them, our business is to look as to the value of them.</p>
<p>Q.(To Robinson). Did the prisoner say any thing to you about Spencer? - A. I thought they came in the name of Spencer, as he had brought many lots; I told my master I thought they were Mr. Spencer's.</p>
<p>Q.(To Payne). You did not look for W? - A. No; I looked for no letter; I did not see any letter upon any of the sheep like B; if I was to say I did, I should tell you a story; I told them, and sold them according to my price, I had no notion of their being stolen. I sold them to a Mr. Collier of Romford; I can tell how many sheep I am to sell when my man tells the number, I could not tell before; I sold nineteen to Mr. Collier of Romford, of the Wiltshire kind; they were wether sheep; one had a thickish horn, I did not see any letter, we go on and do our business all in an instant; I have seen Mr. Collier to-day, he is in court, and subpoenaed as well as myself. I gave the lad an order to my book-keeper, upon a piece of paper, for nineteen sheep, at 24s. per sheep; I don't know who paid the lad the money; 24s. was the value of them on that day; my character stands pretty good, or I should not return between seventy and eighty thousand a year.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person50"> WILLIAM BRADLEY
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person50" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person50" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was servant to Mr. Young; I know the lad at the bar, I remember him very well; he brought a little bit of paper, it was written
<persName id="t17990619-1-person51"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person51" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person51" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to Collier, nineteen sheep at 24s.; I made out the bill, and paid him the money, it amounted to 22l. 16s. When Mr. Payne came in after selling the stock, he solded them all together; I paid him 22l. all in one pound notes; they amounted to 22l. 16s. I paid 22l. 16s. 6d. for nineteen sheep sold by Mr. Payne, at 24s. a sheep, the remaining 9s. 6d. was for commission; that was betwixt eleven and twelve, on Good Friday, I remember it very well; I asked him if they were Mr. Walker's, and he said
<persName id="t17990619-1-person52"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person52" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person52" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he was anxious to be gone, and to have the money.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person53"> THOMAS COLLIER
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person53" type="surname" value="COLLIER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person53" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live at Romford: I remember purchasing, on Good Friday, nineteen wether sheep, as I believe them to be, between eleven and twelve; I hired a man to drive them home, they were driven out of the market about twelve o'clock; I saw them delivered to my man; one sheep was a thick horned sheep, there was a brand, but I cannot say what it was, I believe it was on the near side; I afterwards disposed of them, I marked them with red oakum down the rump; I sold them to Mr. Field, of Whitechapel, at Romford, about a fortnight after, it was on a Saturday I sold them, I don't know the day of the month, his drover drove them up; I did not buy any more sheep than those nineteen that day; I bought more sheep in the fortnight, but I did not keep them with the others; I sent them out to keep; I kept none at home but those I sold to Field. I can swear that those I bought in the market, I sold to Field; I sold him eighteen, and I killed one.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-1-person54"> WILLIAM FIELD
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person54" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person54" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a butcher, in Aldgate High-street, commonly called Whitechapel: I bought some sheep on the 1st of April last, at Romford, on a Saturday, they were eighteen wether sheep there was a brand on the near side, and a mark of oakum on the rump; there was one particular skin that was not defective, that was marked R B on the side, it was one of the sheep bought of Collier; there was one of them a thick horned sheep; there was a country drover, I called to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190005"/>him, and told him there are eighteen sheep at Mr. Collier's, you bring them up, which he did; he brought them up to Mile-end; and my drover brought them home; I am satisfied the sheep I had delivered to me were the sheep I purchased at Romford; I examined them, and I observed the thick horned sheep among them, and they were all red oakum'd down the rump; before any enquiry took place, I had killed ten; the skins were gone and sold to the tanners; I sold the whole together when I sold them; I was not at home when Mr. Willis came; then there were eight remaining, and the thick horned one among them; that was the Saturday after the Thursday I spoke of; since Mr. Willis has seen them, I killed the others; I told them I would keep one of the skins, but my servant gave it to the sell-monger with the others; I did not know any thing about it; Willis saw them on the Thursday, I took him to the stable myself; they were along with a great many more sheep, and he pointed them out himself; then I said, those are the sheep I bought of Collier; says I, we will draw them out, there were eight; he recollected the thick horned sheep very well.</p>
<p>Q.(To Willis.) You picked out eight? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you satisfied they were the same that were lost? - A. I am clear of it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. A man gave me a shilling to drive them through the turnpike; he asked me for six or seven pounds of the money; he wanted me once to do it before, but I would not do it for him.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-1-verdict4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-1-verdict4" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17990619-1-punish5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-1-punish5" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-1-defend43 t17990619-1-punish5"/> Death </rs>. (Aged 14.)</p>
<p>The prisoner was recommended to mercy on account of his youth.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-2-defend56" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL JONAS
<interp inst="t17990619-2-defend56" type="surname" value="JONAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-defend56" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-defend56" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-defend56" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-2-off6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">30th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-2-off6 t17990619-2-cd7"/>, twenty-five yards of linen, value 30s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17990619-2-victim58" type="victimName"> John Calvert
<interp inst="t17990619-2-victim58" type="surname" value="Calvert"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-victim58" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-victim58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Count. Laying them to be the property of
<persName id="t17990619-2-victim60" type="victimName"> John Evans
<interp inst="t17990619-2-victim60" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-victim60" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-victim60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-2-person61"> RICHARD LENT
<interp inst="t17990619-2-person61" type="surname" value="LENT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-person61" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am in the service of the prosecutor: I am a Custom-house watchman; I was going down to the Custom-house, on the 30th of May, Thursday, in the evening, about six o'clock; I turned out of Thames-street, and up a gateway that leads up to the Custom-house quays, and I saw a man coming from the Hull crane, where the Hull vessels unload their goods; I saw him coming with the linen under his coat, some Irish sheeting; I did not stop him then, but the manner of his coming gave me a suspicion; I let him pass me, and I followed him till he came into Thames-street, and then he set off running up Water-lane; I cried out stop thief; he run about five yards, and then dropped the linen; he was stopped by two watchmen near Syms's coffee-house; he was brought to the quays, and gave but a poor account of himself; he said a man gave him a shilling to carry it to some house.</p>
<p>- CALVERT sworn. - I command a vessel; the linen was landed by a company of ticket porters; it was a rainy day, and could not he forwarded home; I imagine if it had been totally lost, I should have been accountable for it; I took it under my charge again.</p>
<p>William Green, a constable, produced the linen.</p>
<p>Q.(To Calvert). Is that the same linen? - A. It looks like the same linen; the pack was cut open, and there was just room for such a bundle as this.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-2-person62"> JOHN EVANS
<interp inst="t17990619-2-person62" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-person62" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - The goods were consigned to me; I believe this to be a piece out of the bale; it is the same quality and the same mark.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I am a labourer, and always worked very hard for my living; I came down upon the keys, and I met a man, who asked me if I was willing to earn a shilling, and to carry this bundle to Fenchurch-street, to the Saracen's-head; I was willing to earn a shilling, as I have a wife and two small children; he walked before me, and then he run; I heard the cry of stop thief, and I run; they took me into custody.</p>
<p>The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 22.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-2-punish9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-2-punish9" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-punish9" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-2-defend56 t17990619-2-punish9"/> Confined six months in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-2-punish10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-2-punish10" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-2-punish10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-2-defend56 t17990619-2-punish10"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-3-defend64" type="defendantName"> JAMES LEVY
<interp inst="t17990619-3-defend64" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-defend64" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-defend64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-3-off11" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-3-off11" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-off11" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> making an assault on the King's highway on
<persName id="t17990619-3-victim66" type="victimName"> Richard Hodgkins
<interp inst="t17990619-3-victim66" type="surname" value="Hodgkins"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-victim66" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-victim66" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-3-off11 t17990619-3-victim66"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17990619-3-cd12" type="crimeDate">29th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-3-off11 t17990619-3-cd12"/>, in the parish of St. Faith, putting him in fear, and taking from his person one handkerchief, value one shilling, one cloth coat, value 20s. one pair of stockings, value 5s. and one pair of shoes, value 7s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-3-person67"> John Birks
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person67" type="surname" value="Birks"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person67" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-3-person68"> RICHARD HODGKINS
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person68" type="surname" value="HODGKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person68" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am
<rs id="t17990619-3-viclabel13" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-3-victim66 t17990619-3-viclabel13"/> to Mr. Birks, a shoemaker; I went for him to
<placeName id="t17990619-3-crimeloc14">Chelsea</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-crimeloc14" type="placeName" value="Chelsea"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-3-off11 t17990619-3-crimeloc14"/>, and, coming home, I got behind a coach the corner of the street that leads to the Old-Bailey, I had a bundle: I rode behind the coach to
<placeName id="t17990619-3-crimeloc15">St. Paul's Church-yard</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="St. Paul's Church-yard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-crimeloc15" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-3-off11 t17990619-3-crimeloc15"/>, and going along, the prisoner came behind and looked at me, and I at him; then he let go the coach, and brought another man with him behind the coach, and laid hold of the coach again; the other leant over his shoulder, it was a stout man he brought with him; the stout man leant over his shoulder, and struck me in the eye; I went to turn round to get down, and the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190006"/>prisoner laid hold of the bundle; he pulled very hard, and I pulled against him; the other laid hold of my coat, so that I fell off the coach on the ground; I got up from behind the coach, and went after the prisoner, I kept him in sight all the way; he ran way with the other with the bundle, and he was stopped.</p>
<p>Q. Is there any person here who saw this beside yourself? - A. Mr. Cummins.</p>
<p>Q. What time of night was it? - A. About ten o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a light night? - A. Not very light; it was light enough for me to see him to swear to him.</p>
<p>Q. Don't be too positive at first - say whether you can positively swear to him? - A. I can positively swear to him; I saw him twice, and had a full sight of him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. - Q. Is your master here? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What bundle was this you had? - A. It was a coat, stockings, and shoes, in a handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. How soon after did you tell your master you had lost the bundle? - A. I don't know what it was o'clock, my master did not come home till late, he was out at supper.</p>
<p>Q. Did he scold you for losing the bundle? - A. No; I had a note given me by the constable.</p>
<p>Q. Was it not a very dark night? - A. No, not a very dark night, or a very light night; it was not moon-light, but it was not dark.</p>
<p>Q. Where were you going when the man first came up to you? - A. In St. Paul's Church-yard, round the yard, outside the railing.</p>
<p>Q. In the coach-way? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. It is a very public place? - A. There was not a soul walking at that time; I never saw one till Mr. Cummins came out of the shop and stopped him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to make us believe you saw no person whatever in that part? - A. No, I did not one, but Mr. Cummins.</p>
<p>Q. There was no person walking? - A. No, not from the time he struck me till I caught him, then there were plenty.</p>
<p>Q. You could not see one till you had caught him? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you call out at all? - A. Yes, I called out, stop thief.</p>
<p>Q. It was the other man that struck you? - A. Yes; I did cry out when he struck me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you call to the coachman to stop? - A. No; I was after them more than the coach.</p>
<p>Q. They were striking you, and they attempted to rob you, and pull this bundle from you, how came you not to cry out to the coachman? - A. I had not that thought.</p>
<p>Q. You really did not call to the coachman? - A. No, I did not make any noise till I got up; they only pulled me from the coach, and I fell down; I got up again, and ran after them, and then I called out.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever had the bundle again? - A. No, I have not.</p>
<p>Court. Q. It was your master's property, was it not? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. Q. If you had lost the bundle, you would have had a great noise from your master, a great deal of anger? - A. Yes, I should have expected it.</p>
<p>Q. How near were you to the St. Paul's Coffee-house? - A. I don't know any place about there.</p>
<p>Q. You know there is a coffee-house close by the gateway that leads to Doctors' Commons? - A. It was almost near to Paul's-chain where they run down.</p>
<p>Q. It happened before they got there? - A. Just before.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to any shop? - A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Nor made any alarm in any shop? - A. No.</p>
<p>- CUMMINS sworn. - I keep a shop the corner of Sermon-lane: On the 29th of May I heard that boy cry out five or six times; I came out, I saw the man coming up, and I crossed over to him and stopped him; he had nothing with him then; I don't know that any thing was picked up afterwards; he denied being the man.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-3-person69"> JOHN BIRKS
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person69" type="surname" value="BIRKS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person69" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On the 29th of May I gave my boy a bundle to carry to Chelsea, which he was to return with to me back again, with some articles of my property.</p>
<p>Q.(To Cummins.) Was he running or walking? - A. He was coming up very briskly; I cannot say it was running.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was sent with a suit of cloths by my master to Cannon-street, and I was returning to my lodging, which is in York-street, Covent-Garden, and as I was coming along I was laid hold of, and I don't know what for; I know nothing about it.</p>
<p>Q.(To Cummins). Q. What street was he coming up? - A. Up Carter-lane, that comes up to Paul's-chain.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the way from Cannon-street to Covent-garden? - A. They can go that way, to be sure.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. Q. At the time you stopped him, was he moving in that direction from Carter-lane, to York-street, Covent-Garden? - A. No, he was running the same way the boy was.</p>
<p>Q. Was he running to York-street? - A. No, running the contrary way; he was coming up towards Cheapside in a manner, instead of going to York-street.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190007"/>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-3-person70"> PHILIP COHEN
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person70" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person70" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-3-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live in New-court; I am a master tailor; that lad was servant to me; he was articled four years as a tailor, and afterwards he worked with me off and on for two years, till the day he was taken up; he left work at half past seven, and I sent him with a bundle to Rosemary-lane; during the time he was with me, I always found him a sober, honest, lad, and that I could trust him with my property.</p>
<p>The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him the character of an honest and industrious young man.
<rs id="t17990619-3-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-3-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
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<interp inst="t17990619-3-punish17" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-3-defend64 t17990619-3-punish17"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4" type="date" value="17990619"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-4-off18-c67" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-4-defend73 t17990619-4-off18 t17990619-4-verdict21"/>
<persName id="t17990619-4-defend71" type="defendantName"> JOHN CAMPBELL , otherwise
<rs id="t17990619-4-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-4-defend71 t17990619-4-alias-1"/>DUGGAN</rs>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend71" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend71" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend71" type="age" value="26"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17990619-4-defend73" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM LANE , otherwise
<rs id="t17990619-4-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-4-defend73 t17990619-4-alias-2"/>JOHN HEATH</rs>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend73" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend73" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-defend73" type="age" value="28"/> </persName> , were indicted for
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<interp inst="t17990619-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17990619-4-victim76" type="victimName"> William Merry
<interp inst="t17990619-4-victim76" type="surname" value="Merry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-victim76" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-victim76" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-4-off18 t17990619-4-victim76"/> </persName> , no person being therein, about the hour of six in the afternoon, on the
<rs id="t17990619-4-cd19" type="crimeDate">12th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-4-off18 t17990619-4-cd19"/>, and stealing a muslin gown and petticoat, value 6s. a cotton gown, value 5s. three muslin aprons, value 3s. five linen aprons, value 2s. 6d. six muslin handkerchiefs, value 3s. nine muslin half handkerchiefs, value 3s. three quarters of a yard of muslin, value 8s. three silk handkerchiefs, value 3s. two linen handkerchiefs, value 12d. five muslin cap borders, value 15s. four linen caps, value 4s. a pair of leather gloves, value 2s. a pair of stays, value 6s. two muslin cloaks, value 12s. seven linen shirts, value 24s. three pair of cotton stockings, value 3s. a marcella waistcoat, value 15s. a damask tablecloth, value 10s. four linen table-cloths, value 4s. seven children's linen shirts, value 4s. four linen caps, value 2s. two calico night-caps, value 4s. six damask clouts, value 2s. a petticoat, value 2s. two silver tea-spoons, value 4s. and four yards of Irish linen, value 12s. </rs> the property of the said
<persName id="t17990619-4-person77"> William Merry
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person77" type="surname" value="Merry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person77" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Knapp.)(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-4-person78"> WILLIAM MERRY
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person78" type="surname" value="MERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person78" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. Have you an apartment in Hart-street, Bloomsbury? - A. At
<placeName id="t17990619-4-crimeloc20">No. 34, Hyde-street, Bloomsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-crimeloc20" type="placeName" value="No. 34, Hyde-street, Bloomsbury"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-crimeloc20" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-4-off18 t17990619-4-crimeloc20"/>, in the house of
<persName id="t17990619-4-person79"> Richard Randall
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person79" type="surname" value="Randall"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person79" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I left the house on Sunday about five o'clock, I left all the articles mentioned in the indictment in my apartment, and double-locked the door, and put a strong padlock on; my wife went out with me, it was nine o'clock in the evening when we returned; we found the door forced open, and the staple drawn, and the door about half open, the drawers were empty, and all the things mentioned in the indictment gone; my wife had seen the things the preceding day.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-4-person80"> JOHN DAY
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person80" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person80" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an officer belonging to the Excise, I was in company with one Hughes, on Sunday, who is an officer; I had been to see him on duty, and after duty he came with me, it might be between the hours of five and seven; we came into Hyde-street, Bloomsbury, I proceeded from Hyde-street to Castle-street; I don't exactly know the hour; as we were going along Castle-street, two men, the prisoners at the bar, passed us, with a bundle under each arm; the first of my perceiving the prisoners was in Castle-street; I pursued them to Dyot-street, St. Giles's, No. 27, marked with chalk only; I don't know that it is the number now, I saw them go in, and I pursued them close to the door; I was within three or four yards of the hindermost man, and should have caught him had he had a dozen yards further to run, the hindermost man was the tallest; they both run, but the other was considerably before; I pursued them to the door, where a girl attempted to shut the door, but I prevented it, I stood between the door and the door-case, or jam, as they call it, they began running the moment they passed us; they were rather running when they did pass us, but they saw we noticed them, and they then run as fast as they could. I staid in the frame of the door, when my friend holloaed out "Day, don't go any further, for you will be murdered;" for I had out-run my friend; with that I made a pause, and drew back to him, which might be the space of half-a-dozen yards; I then saw a man coming, Cummins, and some other people running down the street, he ran into the house; I drew up to the door again, considering myself in more danger than I was before, I did not go into the house with Cummins; while I staid contending with my friend, I heard a noise in the house, a holloaing, and tumbling three or four stairs down at a time, like a scuffle; by that time there were several people collected together about the door, I pressed through them, and went towards the stair-case, the prisoner, Duggan, and the man whom they called Cummins, came falling down the stairs together, one over the other; I then perceiving that Cummins was endeavouring to take the prisoner, I assisted him, and received a violent blow, I don't know from whom, but either from the prisoner or from Cummins; they got the prisoner into the street, I was rather stunned for the moment, I don't know what became of the other prisoner; but after some little scuffle in the street, the other prisoner was brought by some other persons; they took them to the watch-house, and took charge of the bundles; there were two bundles, one was a silk bird's-eye handkerchief, and the other was a white napkin, or handkerchief.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. What time was this? - A. Between the hours of five and seven.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190008"/>Q. When you came to this house did you enter it at all? - A. I went to the threshold first, where a girl attempted to shut the door.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go in at all? - A. I certainly did.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any other persons in the house? - A. There was a girl who attempted to shut the door.</p>
<p>Q. How long might you have staid at the door of the house? - A. But a very short time.</p>
<p>Q. A few minutes? - A. I consider I was there but a few minutes.</p>
<p>Q. Is there any back yard to the house? - A. I believe there is, I have seen it since.</p>
<p>Q. Is there a wall broken down, through which the prisoners might have escaped? - A. I really don't know, there was a back yard.</p>
<p>Q. How many other men might have been in the house, you do not know? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. You saw the prisoners in Castle-street? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You never saw their faces? - A. Yes, I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not say at Bow-street, you never saw the faces of the men, only their backs? - A. I really said at Bow-street, I could state the facts, and undertake to swear they were the two men; it was my friend that said he could not swear to them.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. Hughes knows no more than you? - A. No; he says he don't know that he should know their faces.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-4-person81"> JOHN CUMMINS
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person81" type="surname" value="CUMMINS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a bricklayer; between five and seven on Sunday, I was in Dyot-street; I went to No. 27, and went up stairs; seeing these men coming along, as I was talking to one
<persName id="t17990619-4-person82"> Alexander Burke
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person82" type="surname" value="Burke"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person82" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I told him I thought these men had been robbing some house or another; I pursued them to the front room at the top of the house, and found them there, and two bundles lying near them; one was in a red handkerchief, and the other in a white cloth; I said to Burke, here they are, and the property; with that one of the prisoners, Duggan, turned round short on his right hand to a closet by the fire-place, and took this piece of iron and made some blows at me; I received a small cut; I got behind him first, and when I was satisfied he had nothing else than that iron, I got to his front, and laid hold of his collar; he made several blows, and got as far as the stairs, I had him down; and wrenched it from him on the stairs; we got down I do not know how, we had a hard scuffle; when we got into the street, Mr. Day and Hughes offered their assistance, but I rejected it, I secured him; we had several tumbles in the street; the other prisoner got out some how or other, he slipped by me; Burke was on the top of the stairs, he can tell about him.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-4-person83"> ALEXANDER BURKE
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person83" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person83" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was with
<persName id="t17990619-4-person84"> John Cummins
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person84" type="surname" value="Cummins"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person84" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> on Sunday, and went into the house, No 27; I saw the prisoners in the attic story; Lane rushed by me with a pen-knife with two blades as soon as I got into the room, and I rushed down stairs to save my own life; he pursued me down stairs into the street; he run away then, and I followed him up after he ran away; there were several people going along; I called out, stop thief, and he was stopped; I have not got the knife here.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-4-person85"> JOHN LEE
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person85" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was in Church-street on Whit Sunday, and, upon hearing stop thief called, I stopped Lane; he had a knife open in his hand, with two blades; I knocked him down and took him.</p>
<p>- HOPKINS sworn. - I am the office. keeper, at Bow-street, I produce the bundles; Cummins and the other delivered them to me; they have been in my custody ever since.(The things were produced in Court, and deposed is by Mrs. Merry.)</p>
<p>Duggan's defence. I was coming down Dyot-street, I saw a great number of people standing round the door; I asked what was the matter; they said, somebody was being murdered; I saw Cummin's entangled with a man on the stair-case; I said, good man, don't kill him, and he took that crow-bar and knocked me down and cut my eye here; I took it out of his hand, and he says, you are one of his companions, and he drove me down in the street; I suppose there were forty Irishmen in the street; and he says, now, come along my good fellows, they are going to hang three of out poor countrymen to-morrow, and we will be revenged. My father was a plaisterer, and this man was a bricklayer, and he does this for nothing but spite.</p>
<p>Lane's defence. I have nothing to do with the business; I was not within a hundred yards of Dyot-street when they say I was in the room; I was at the top of Church street with a girl; I had only just come from my friends; I know nothing about this; I never touched any thing belonging to any body in my life.</p>
<p>Duggan. Mr. Merry found out an acquaintance of mine, and said, if he had a guinea he would say nothing about it.</p>
<p>Mr. Merry. That is the first time I ever heard any thing about such a thing.</p>
<p>Duggan, GUILTY (Aged 26.)</p>
<p>Lane, GUILTY (Aged 28.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-4-verdict21" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-4-verdict21" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-4-verdict21" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> stealing, but not in the dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>Transported for seven years.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-5-defend87" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM GORDON
<interp inst="t17990619-5-defend87" type="surname" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-defend87" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-defend87" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-defend87" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-5-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-5-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously making an assault in the King's
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190009"/>highway on
<persName id="t17990619-5-victim89" type="victimName"> Mary Burne
<interp inst="t17990619-5-victim89" type="surname" value="Burne"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-victim89" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-victim89" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-5-off22 t17990619-5-victim89"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17990619-5-viclabel23" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-5-victim89 t17990619-5-viclabel23"/>, on the
<rs id="t17990619-5-cd24" type="crimeDate">4th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-5-off22 t17990619-5-cd24"/>, putting her in fear, and taking from her person a chintz gown, value 5s. and a check apron, value 9d. </rs> her property.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-5-person90"> MARY BURNE
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person90" type="surname" value="BURNE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person90" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person90" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a single woman, I live at No. 41, Great Suffolk-street, Charing-cross; I am a
<rs id="t17990619-5-viclabel25" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-5-victim89 t17990619-5-viclabel25"/>; I was stopped about half past twelve o'clock in the morning, it was the King's birth night; I got leave to go and see the lights; there were a great many people in the streets, passing backwards and forwards; I cannot say whether there was a vast concourse of people or not; there might be one, or two, or three, or four, I did not take notice; I had a gown that wanted alteration, and I thought I could not get leave to go out again, so I wrapped it in my apron, to take it to the mantua-maker's; I found she had moved away, she did lodge in St. Martin's lane, at a dyer's; the gown was wrapped up in a coloured apron, in my hand; it was what I call a chintz gown, being a chintz pattern; I had nothing else but the apron to put it in; I brought it from home; I did not go to see the lights at any particular place; after I left my master's house, I went to St. James's-street, and then I went to Piccadilly, then I came into St. Martin's-lane, and I found the mantua-maker had moved away; I carried my gown with me all the way, and went to Covent-garden and Drury-lane houses to see the lights; from Drury-lane I went to Holborn, and could not find out the place where the mantua-maker lived, so I kept my way down Broad St. Giles's, and I thought if I came through the Seven-dials, it would bring me the nearest way home; I saw three men standing, and a woman in a white bed-gown, at the corner of
<placeName id="t17990619-5-crimeloc26">Dyot-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-crimeloc26" type="placeName" value="Dyot-street"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-crimeloc26" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-5-off22 t17990619-5-crimeloc26"/>; it was a fine clear night, which made me mistake the hour; as I was passing by one of the men who stood on the right side of the woman, the prisoner stepped across and laid hold of the bundle; he pulled, and I pulled; he then up'd with his fist, and gave me a violent blow, he knocked me down; I held the bundle very tight; he at last pulled the bundle out of my hand, and ran off.</p>
<p>Q. Who was the man? - A.
<persName id="t17990619-5-person91"> William Gordon
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person91" type="surname" value="Gordon"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person91" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I can tell the man if I see him.</p>
<p>Q. How near were you to any lamp? - A. I cannot say I looked for a lamp, it was very clear, I saw him as clear as I see you now.</p>
<p>Q. Was it moon-light? - A. I cannot say; I saw his features very clear, I had never seen him before; I never lost sight of him after he insulted me; I called out, stop thief, and he was stopped at the top of Compton-street.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-5-person92"> ROBERT HOWE
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person92" type="surname" value="HOWE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person92" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-5-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a watchman; I apprehended the prisoner; I found a gown and apron upon him; I heard a woman crying out, stop thief, and he was running along the street; nobody was in the street but him and me; he did not give any account of himself.(The gown and apron were sworn to by the prosecutrix.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I had been up Oxford-road along with my father-in-law, to have a pint of beer or two, and when I had lost him, I came down Oxford-street, and stopped at the corner of Dyot-street to make water; there were three or four men standing, one of whom pushed me, and I meant to push him again, but instead of pushing him, I pushed that young woman, and she called out, watch; I ran to avoid the watchman, and was taken; she said, I pushed her down with intent to rob her.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-5-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-5-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17990619-5-punish28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-5-punish28" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-5-defend87 t17990619-5-punish28"/> Death </rs>. (Aged 19.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-6-defend94" type="defendantName"> MARY MILLER
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<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend94" type="given" value="MARY"/>
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<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend94" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17990619-6-defend96" type="defendantName"> JOHN SHARPLESS
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<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend96" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
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<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend96" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17990619-6-defend98" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM MANSELL
<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend98" type="surname" value="MANSELL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-defend98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
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<interp inst="t17990619-6-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-6-off29 t17990619-6-cd30"/>, a leather pocket-book, value 14d. the goods of
<persName id="t17990619-6-victim100" type="victimName"> James Hyne
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<interp inst="t17990619-6-victim100" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-victim100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-6-off29 t17990619-6-victim100"/> </persName> , privily from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-6-person101"> JAMES HYNE
<interp inst="t17990619-6-person101" type="surname" value="HYNE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-person101" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am
<rs id="t17990619-6-viclabel31" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-6-victim100 t17990619-6-viclabel31"/> to Mr. Jones, currier, Princes-street, Drury-lane; my pocket was picked of a pocket-book on the 12th of this month; I was going up to Cavendish-square with two orders for Drury-lane theatre; I was in
<placeName id="t17990619-6-crimeloc32">Oxford-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-crimeloc32" type="placeName" value="Oxford-street"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-crimeloc32" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-6-off29 t17990619-6-crimeloc32"/> between three and four o'clock in the afternoon; I did not know I had lost it till the officers came to my master's house to me; I cannot say where I lost it; the last time I saw it before it was taken away, was at my master's house, I took it out of my pocket when I saw it, was before dinner, and I put it in again, I never touched it afterwards; I saw it the same evening in the officer Crocker's hands; I did not know either of the prisoners at the bar.</p>
<p>- CROCKER sworn. - I am a patrole belonging to Bow-street: On Wednesday afternoon last, about three o'clock, I was going up Broad St. Giles's, I observed the three prisoners at the bar; I followed them up Oxford-road; when I came to Rathbone-place, I saw Mr. Pickering; I called after him, he stopped, and I told him there were three people gone up that side of the road; we followed them as far as Holland's print-shop; they stopped there, Pickering and I staid on the opposite side of the way, we staid for the space of about five minutes; I observed Mary Miller walk away with Sharpless, with one hand under her apron, and I saw her looking at something in the other; I immediately ran over with Pickering, and laid hold of her; she had this bit of paper in her hand, looking at it; I took her into a milliner's
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190010"/>shop; Mansell was following her behind; I told Pickering to take hold of him; he did so, and brought him into the shop; I searched him, it was about three o'clock on Wednesday, the 12th of this month; as I told Pickering to lay hold of Mansell, I observed the pocket-book under the prisoner Miller's feet, under her petticoats; this bit of paper she had looking at in her hand, which came out of the pocket-book; that is all I can say, Pickering can say no more.</p>
<p>Prisoner Miller. Q. Whether you can say that pocket-book was under my feet? - A. On my oath it was.</p>
<p>Court. (To Prosecutor.) Q. Which way did you go from Drury-lane? - A. Up Drury-lane, up St. Giles's, up Oxford-street; I stopped a few minutes at Holland's; that is my pocket-book, it was given to me.</p>
<p>Miller's defence. My mother in the afternoon gave me leave to go out; I am out of place; I took a walk up Oxford-road, and this young man used a public-house where my mother deals for beer, and by seeing him he spoke to me; I saw the piece of paper and picked it up, when Mr. Crocker and another man came and laid hold of me, and said, we had been picking pockets.</p>
<p>Hyne. That paper was in the pocket-book.</p>
<p>Miller. The gentleman at Bow-street declined saying that he said he could not swear to the paper, or tell whether it was in the book or his pocket.</p>
<p>Court. (To Prosecutor). Q. Did you say so at Bow-street? - A. I could not say whether it was in the pocket-book or not, but the paper is mine, it might have got out of the pocket-book, I had put it in some time before; when I first had it I put it in, it was given me by a little girl; I cannot swear whether it was in the pocket-book at that time; it was a jacket I had on, and it was on the left hand side.</p>
<p>Sharpless's defence. I worked at Mr. Kelly's, in the Strand, a coach-harness-maker, I had left there about a fortnight before, and I saw this young woman; we got into a conversation together, and were coming down home, when we were stopped.</p>
<p>Mansell's defence. I drive a hackney-coach, night-work; I was going up to Newman-street, as I had some money owing me there; I did not know these people before; I saw them before me forty yards, and seeing a row, I goes down, and Crocker lays hold of me.</p>
<p>Miller, GUILTY (Aged 17.)</p>
<p>Sharpless, GUILTY (Aged 19.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-6-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-6-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-6-verdict33" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> stealing to the value of 10d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17990619-6-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-6-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-6-defend94 t17990619-6-punish34"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-6-defend96 t17990619-6-punish34"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-6-verdict35" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-6-verdict35" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-7">
<interp inst="t17990619-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-7-off36-c88" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-7-defend103 t17990619-7-off36 t17990619-7-verdict39"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-7-off36-c89" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-7-defend105 t17990619-7-off36 t17990619-7-verdict41"/>
<persName id="t17990619-7-defend103" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH COOKE
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend103" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend103" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend103" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend103" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17990619-7-defend105" type="defendantName"> ANN HAYNE
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend105" type="surname" value="HAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend105" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-defend105" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-7-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-7-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17990619-7-victim107" type="victimName"> George Vickers
<interp inst="t17990619-7-victim107" type="surname" value="Vickers"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-victim107" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-victim107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-7-off36 t17990619-7-victim107"/> </persName> , about the hour of one in the night of the
<rs id="t17990619-7-cd37" type="crimeDate">29th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-7-off36 t17990619-7-cd37"/>, and burglariously stealing eight yards of white cotton, value 12s. eight yards of printed muslin, value 24s. a printed muslin gown, value 10s. an Irish poplin, gown, value 24s. nine yards of striped muslin, value 40s. two Japan muslin gowns, value 40s. a Japan muslin petticoat, value 10s. two calico gowns, value 20s. eight yards of printed calico, value 16s. two gingham gowns, value 20s. a silk gown, value 20s. seven yards of worked muslin, value 20s. eight yards of Scorch cambric, value 40s. seven yards of Japan muslin, value 20s. a yard of jean, value 4s. a yard of marcella, value 4s. a black silk cloak, value 30s. six silver tea-spoons, value 10s. two table-spoons, value 20s. a pair of silver tea-tongs, value 6s. a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 3s. three yards of Irish cloth, value 6s. a silk and cotton handkerchief, value 3s. a cotton handkerchief, value 2s. and a quarter of a yard of cambric, value 3s. 6d. </rs> the property of the said
<persName id="t17990619-7-person108"> George Vickers
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person108" type="surname" value="Vickers"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person108" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Knapp.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-7-person109"> GEORGE VICKERS
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person109" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person109" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. Where do you live? - A. At
<placeName id="t17990619-7-crimeloc38">No. 27, Worship-street, Finsbury-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="No. 27, Worship-street, Finsbury-square"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-7-off36 t17990619-7-crimeloc38"/>: I was last up on the 29th of May, we went to bed about eleven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Did you secure the house? - A. Yes, every thing myself, the doors and windows; I got up just before seven o'clock, and when I got up, I found the drawers all taken out of their places.</p>
<p>Q. Had any body been up in the house before? - A. None but the servant, and she only about two minutes before, she came running up to me; I keep a butcher's-shop; I found the drawers all taken out of their places, they were taken out on the floor, and thrown about, and a little drawer, where I kept my plate and my liquor, it was all gone; I looked, and saw a kind of iron crow mark in the window, the window-shutter fastens in with a screw, and they had forced that out, and the door was left on the jar.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the property contained in the indictment? - A. Part of it, my wife knows the rest.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-7-person110"> JOHN ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person110" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q. You produce some things, where did you get them? - A. On Thursday, the 30th of May, I found this bag in the possession of Mrs. Turner; I took Mrs. Turner and Mrs. Lack to the prisoner's house, and Cooke said, the waistcoats were his; and
<persName id="t17990619-7-person111"> Ann Hayne
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person111" type="surname" value="Hayne"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person111" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person111" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said, the other things were her's.</p>
<p>Q. How far is Cooke's house from the house you went first to? - A. Next door, there is a paling
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190011"/>about this high that parts the yards; after the goods were owned by the prosecutor, Cooke owned these stockings as being his, and the neckcloth, which were all in one bag.</p>
<p>Q. Those stockings; you have last produced, were they claimed by the prosecutor, or Mrs. Vickers? - A. No, they knew nothing of them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Gurney. Q. Before he was asked as to whose property they were, what had been said to him? - A. Nothing in the world, but bringing the people, where I had found the goods, into his presence; the man behaved extremely civil at the time.</p>
<p>Q. They live very near your office? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Where were their lodgings? - A. In French-alley, Goswell-street.</p>
<p>Q. Don't you know they cohabited together as man and wife? - A. I have been told so; Mrs. Turner afterwards addressed her by the name of Mrs. Cooke; I found a phosphorus bottle in the fob of Cooke's breeches.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. That is a very convenient thing on some occasions? - A. It is a thing by which you can get a light without making a noise.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-7-person112"> JOHN RAY
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person112" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person112" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q. I have got pick-lock keys, and a dark-lanthorn; I found them up a hole by the left-hand side of the chimney in Cooke's apartment; here are a vast number of them, and one dark-santhorn with a candle in it.</p>
<p>Mr. Gurney. Q. They might have been there for seven years perhaps? - A. No, some of them are very bright.</p>
<p>Q. They might have been there seven months? - A. I don't think they had been kept there seven hours.</p>
<p>Q. Would you swear whether they had been there seven hours or seventeen? - A. They had not been there long; the dust must have got upon the matches if they had been there long.</p>
<p>Mrs. TURNER sworn. - I live next door to Cooke's house; I know nothing about it.</p>
<p>Mr. Gurney. Q. You know that that woman has cohabited with him as his wife - she has passed as his wife? - A. Yes, always as Mrs. Cooke.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-7-person113"> SARAH LACK
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person113" type="surname" value="LACK"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person113" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person113" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of this? - A. I know no further than that I went through down to Mrs. Turner's apartment, and went through into the yard, on a Thursday, and as I came back again, Mrs. Hayne looked over the pales, and called "Sally," and asked me if I would be so kind as take the bag, and said they were dirty clothes.</p>
<p>Court. Q. She went by the name of Hayne? - A. No, she went by the name of Cooke.</p>
<p>Q. Was she ever called Hayne? - A. Yes, but not many times; I have not heard it only since this affair has happened; before that she was called Mrs. Cooke.</p>
<p>Q. You never heard her called Hayne before that? - A. No, always Mrs. Cooke.</p>
<p>Q. Did she throw the bundle over? - A. Yes; and told me, as she gave it me, that her husband and she were having words, and she was afraid he would cut them up; I heard them at high words; I took them and put them into Mrs. Turner's room.</p>
<p>Q. Was that the same bundle that the officers came, afterwards, and took from you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You had not opened it? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. It was in the same state you received it from Mrs. Hayne? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long were the officers afterwards? - A. It was not two minutes afterwards.</p>
<p>Mr. Gurney. Q. Did they live together as man and wife? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You always supposed her to be his wife? - A. Yes, always.(The property sworn to by Mr. and Mrs. Vickers)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-7-person114"> Joseph Cooke
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person114" type="surname" value="Cooke"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person114" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> GUILTY (Aged 25.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-7-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-7-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-verdict39" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> stealing goods to the value of 39s. but not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-7-punish40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-7-punish40" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-7-defend103 t17990619-7-punish40"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-7-person115"> Ann Hayne
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person115" type="surname" value="Hayne"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person115" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-7-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17990619-7-verdict41" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-7-verdict41" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-8">
<interp inst="t17990619-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-8-off42-c99" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-defend117 t17990619-8-off42 t17990619-8-verdict46"/>
<persName id="t17990619-8-defend117" type="defendantName"> DANIEL GILES
<interp inst="t17990619-8-defend117" type="surname" value="GILES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-defend117" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-defend117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-defend117" type="age" value="36"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-8-off42" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-8-off42" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-off42" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<placeName id="t17990619-8-crimeloc43">the United Parishes of St. Margaret and St. John the Evangelist</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-crimeloc43" type="placeName" value="the United Parishes of St. Margaret and St. John the Evangelist"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-crimeloc43" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-off42 t17990619-8-crimeloc43"/>, in the care of the Churchwardens, about the hour of ten, in the night of the
<rs id="t17990619-8-cd44" type="crimeDate">13th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-off42 t17990619-8-cd44"/>, and stealing three pounds of woollen yarn, value 1s. 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-8-victim118" type="victimName"> John Emblin
<interp inst="t17990619-8-victim118" type="surname" value="Emblin"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-victim118" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-victim118" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-off42 t17990619-8-victim118"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>There were several other Counts varying the manner of charging the offence.(The case was opened by Mr. Knowlys.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-8-person119"> THOMAS WATEMAN
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person119" type="surname" value="WATEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person119" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a pauper of the parish, living in the workhouse; I know the prisoner, who was a
<rs id="t17990619-8-deflabel45" type="occupation">pauper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-defend117 t17990619-8-deflabel45"/> likewise: On the night of the 13th of May, I came home between nine and ten o'clock; I went into the 15th ward, and I heard a noise and rumbling upon the tiles; I went up stairs from there into the 18th ward, I went through the room to the window, and threw up the sash, and discovered the prisoner upon the tiles, with the property in his hand; I jumped out of the window on to the tiles; the door that came out of that place came into the dwelling-house of the workhouse, and an inner door came into the dwelling; Mr. John Emblin is the master, who lives in the workhouse; I got upon the tiles, and took the mop-yarn and him together; I cannot swear to the quantity; the prisoner swore I should not have it; no other person came to secure him.</p>
<p>Q. How did it appear he got upon the tiles? - A. When I got down, it appeared he had got up
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190012"/>by a ladder, there was a ladder fixed to the tiles; I delivered the yarn to the constable.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-8-person120"> JOHN EMBLIN
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person120" type="surname" value="EMBLIN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person120" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am master of the workhouse where the prisoner was supported, in the parish of St. Margaret's, Westminster; I have a dwelling-house there, and dwell there as the master; nine o'clock is the latest hour for locking up the paupers, and the prisoner was locked in the ward No. 15, the ward he was making his escape over; the prisoner was locked up in the evening in his ward; I was informed by the pantry-man there was a robbery committed, and I went to the spot, and Giles, and the witness were in the garden, the garden gate was locked; when I came up, he was in custody in the garden, there was no communication with the house; I saw the property taken from him, which was a ball of woollen yarn; I did not examine from what part of the premises it had been taken till next morning, then I examined the door, and I found all fastened as before, except the window.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find how the warehouse, where the yarn had been deposited, had been entered? - A. Not till the next morning; it had been entered by pulling down a board that fastened up a window, through which he put his arms, that was the way the entry was effected, there could be no other way; it was taken out of what we call the spinning-shop; I was in the garden at half past eight o'clock, and every thing was very safe then; there was no ladder in the garden then, and no window open whatever.</p>
<p>Q. After a person had entered the workhouse, could he have opened the windows in the way you speak of? - A. Yes, they slide backwards and forwards; there was the mark of a person's feet in the garden, and he could get into that house by pulling down a board, and he could undraw the window; all was secure when I left it, because I walked backwards and forwards there; the value of the yarn is eighteen pence; they were arguing about the weight of it.</p>
<p>Q. Before he said any thing about it, had you made him any promises or threats? - A. No; they were arguing about it; I said I believed it was three pounds; and he said it was three pounds and a quarter, or three pounds and an ounce; he was in the habit of balling those yarns.</p>
<p>Court. Q. When he came from the wards, what did he do? - A. He must come into the back yard, where they are all locked up, and pull down a board, and go through the window into the shop; he was caught upon the top of the house, and was then making his escape: he took a small ladder out of the work-shop to get upon the tiles, he then could get into the street; he could have made his escape by going over that room very easily; the roof was next to the street.</p>
<p>Q. What interest have you in the house? - A. I am master of it, I have a salary for taking care of it, the parish pays the rent; I do not occupy the whole house myself.</p>
<p>Q. Who has the profits of the manufacture? - A. The parish.(
<persName id="t17990619-8-person121"> Joseph Bowyer
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person121" type="surname" value="Bowyer"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person121" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced the yarn.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I have nothing particular to say, I have no friend but myself.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-8-verdict46" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-8-verdict46" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 36.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-8-punish47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-8-punish47" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-punish47" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-defend117 t17990619-8-punish47"/> Confined six months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-8-punish48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-8-punish48" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-8-punish48" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-8-defend117 t17990619-8-punish48"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9" type="year" value="1799"/>
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<persName id="t17990619-9-defend123" type="defendantName"> JOHN ORCHARD
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<interp inst="t17990619-9-defend123" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-defend123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17990619-9-off49" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-off49" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-9-cd50" type="crimeDate">12th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-9-off49 t17990619-9-cd50"/>, a pair of linen sheets, value 6s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-9-victim124" type="victimName"> Patrick Jennings
<interp inst="t17990619-9-victim124" type="surname" value="Jennings"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-victim124" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-victim124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-9-off49 t17990619-9-victim124"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>ANN JENNINGS sworn. - I am the wife of the prosecutor: this fact was committed before we went to bed; our house is
<placeName id="t17990619-9-crimeloc51">No. 5, Bainbridge-street, St. Giles's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-crimeloc51" type="placeName" value="No. 5, Bainbridge-street, St. Giles's"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-crimeloc51" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-9-off49 t17990619-9-crimeloc51"/>; I was up in the room to see if the people were come home; when I went up, the staple was drawn, and the lock taken off; I knocked at the door several times, it was fastened inside, nobody answered; a woman was with me, and I told her to fetch me a poker to break it open; as soon as I mentioned that, this young man opened the door, he was a stranger to me; I asked him what brought him there; he said, he did not know; afterwards the watchman took him to the watch-house; the window was open; there were a pair of sheets gone, a blanket, a tea-kettle, and another tin kettle; I had seen them about a week before the robbery; he confessed himself that he pulled the staple out to open the door; I never saw the property afterwards; my husband was at home; he owned to the sheets being pawned, that was all; he did not say how he had disposed of the others.</p>
<p>Q. The last time you were up, was the window open or shut? - A. Shut; the door was usually shut.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-9-person125"> ANN LONG
<interp inst="t17990619-9-person125" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-person125" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-9-person125" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I live next door with my sister; Mrs. Jennings asked me to go up with her to this man's room; when we went up, the staple was drawn; I heard him get up directly when I went for the poker.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. The man that took the lodging of this woman, was one Jones, a tinker; I was a soldier, just come home, and he said to me, don't you want work; he said, I should not want, for he would learn me his trade, to be a tinker, and I should be at his lodgings; I saw him on that day, and he sent me home to see if his old woman was come home, and tell her to light a fire; I found the door open, and the padlock opened, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190013"/>laying on the table; when I went in it was quite dark, and between ten and eleven o'clock this gentlewoman came up and asked me if my brother was come home; I told her it was not my brother; there was nobody at home in the house.</p>
<p>Mrs. Jennings. The man and his wife lived in the apartments, they paid the rent every night; I went up to see after them the second night of their lodging there, or else I would not have gone at all; he called him his brother.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Where were the things pawned? - A. He would not tell.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know they were pawned? - A. Only what he said.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-9-verdict52" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-9-verdict52" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17990619-10-defend127" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SKUSE
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<interp inst="t17990619-10-defend127" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-10-defend127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-10-off53" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-10-off53" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-10-off53" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering on the
<rs id="t17990619-10-cd54" type="crimeDate">17th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-10-off53 t17990619-10-cd54"/>, the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17990619-10-victim128" type="victimName"> William Maybank
<interp inst="t17990619-10-victim128" type="surname" value="Maybank"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-10-victim128" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-10-victim128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-10-off53 t17990619-10-victim128"/> </persName> , about the hour of one in the morning, with intent to steal his goods </rs>.</p>
<p>WILLIAM MAYBANK sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17990619-10-viclabel55" type="occupation">sadler's-ironmonger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-10-victim128 t17990619-10-viclabel55"/>, and live at
<placeName id="t17990619-10-crimeloc56">No. 180, High Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-10-crimeloc56" type="placeName" value="No. 180, High Holborn"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-10-off53 t17990619-10-crimeloc56"/>; the house was not broke open, but attempted by night. About half past one, or two o'clock, I heard the noise of a watchman's rattle, the 17th of May, Saturday night, between Saturday and Sunday morning; the watchman said, there were thieves in my house; I struck a light, and went and let the watchman in to search over the premises, but could find nobody; we went into the front room, and found both windows open, it was the dining-room.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Who was the last up in the house? - A. I don't know, we were all a-bed between eleven and twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Who went to bed last? - A. The house was made secure with inside shutters.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any body here to swear they were made secure? - A. No, I have not.</p>
<p>Q. Were you over-night in this room, where the windows were open? - A. Nobody sleeps there.</p>
<p>Q. Were they made fast or not? - A. I cannot say whether they were or not, I have nobody to prove it.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-10-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-10-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17990619-11-defend130" type="defendantName"> SOLOMON SOLOMONS
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<interp inst="t17990619-11-defend130" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-defend130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-11-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-11-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-11-cd59" type="crimeDate">14th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-11-off58 t17990619-11-cd59"/>, one pair of shoes, value 5s. 3d. the goods of
<persName id="t17990619-11-victim132" type="victimName"> Daniel Deacon
<interp inst="t17990619-11-victim132" type="surname" value="Deacon"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-victim132" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-victim132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-11-off58 t17990619-11-victim132"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-11-person133"> DANIEL DEACON
<interp inst="t17990619-11-person133" type="surname" value="DEACON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-person133" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17990619-11-viclabel60" type="occupation">shoemaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-11-victim132 t17990619-11-viclabel60"/>; I keep a shop in
<placeName id="t17990619-11-crimeloc61">Whitechapel-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Whitechapel-road"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-11-off58 t17990619-11-crimeloc61"/>; the prisoner was quite a stranger; he came into the shop to buy a pair of shoes; I shewed him two or three pair, none would do; after he was gone, we missed a pair; my journeyman called me to his assistance to catch him; we brought him into the shop again, and I found the property upon him; he was six or seven yards from the shop; they were a pair of men's leather shoes, I know them to be my property, because they were marked A B on the soles; I kept the shoes in my custody, separate from my other property; I sent to the Police-office; they searched him, and found no money upon him to pay for them; they were given him from a cupboard, he tried them on, and lay them down by his side; I can swear to them by the mark. (The shoes produced.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-11-person134"> OWEN MACARTNEY
<interp inst="t17990619-11-person134" type="surname" value="MACARTNEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-person134" type="given" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am shopman to the prosecutor; I shewed the prisoner the shoes; those are the same; I missed them, and I ran and took the prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I beg the gentleman's pardon, I have no friends in the world; if the gentleman takes it into consideration, I never will do the like again; if I get free, I shall be bound apprentice; I have no father, or any friend.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-11-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-11-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-11-verdict62" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> stealing to the value of 4s. 10d. </rs> </p>
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<interp inst="t17990619-11-punish63" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-11-defend130 t17990619-11-punish63"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-12-defend136" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HAMMOND
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<interp inst="t17990619-12-defend136" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-defend136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-12-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-12-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t17990619-12-cd65" type="crimeDate">3d of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-12-off64 t17990619-12-cd65"/>, one pair of sheets, value 4s. one blanket, value 2s. one coverlid, value 2s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-12-victim138" type="victimName"> Clement Wood
<interp inst="t17990619-12-victim138" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-victim138" type="given" value="Clement"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-victim138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-12-off64 t17990619-12-victim138"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-12-person139"> CLEMENT WOOD
<interp inst="t17990619-12-person139" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-person139" type="given" value="CLEMENT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17990619-12-viclabel66" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-12-victim138 t17990619-12-viclabel66"/>; I live at
<placeName id="t17990619-12-crimeloc67">No. 18, Whitcomb-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-12-crimeloc67" type="placeName" value="No. 18, Whitcomb-street"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-12-off64 t17990619-12-crimeloc67"/>; I keep a house there; I was robbed of those things about three o'clock in the morning; I don't know the day of the month, I believe it was Monday morning; my wife came up at three o'clock in the morning, and told me that man had thrown the things out of the window up two-pair of stairs; I got up directly, and saw the man in custody, in soldier's clothes.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the man? - A. I cannot swear to him, I never saw the man before or since to my knowledge; I saw the watchman with the blanket; to the best of my knowledge they are mine, there is no particular mark, I did not go up stairs to see whether the articles were missing; I went down, and then we took the man in soldier's clothes to the watch-house, on suspicion of stealing the clothes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know you had lost any thing? - A. I did not go up stairs to see.</p>
<p>Q. Do you, to this hour, know that any thing was missing? - A. The bed-clothes were missing.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see them - did you go up to see if they were missing? - A. I did not.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190014"/>Q.Then you know nothing but what your wife has told you? - A.Exactly so.</p>
<p>EDWARD CONNOR sworn. - I took the things in the street, the prisoner was in the house; I saw them come out through a window I was at a distance; I took the prisoner into custody, because I saw him come out of the next house, not out of the house where the things came; I staid at the door to see if I could see any body come out, and I saw a man come out of the next door; I asked the woman whether that man lodged in her house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take him? - A. I took him into custody.</p>
<p>Q. Did he take up the blanket, or any thing? - A.No, I got them, he did not; he did not make any claim to the property.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner do any thing with the property? - A. I cannot swear he chucked them out.</p>
<p>Q. When he came out of the house, did he take up the property? - A. No.</p>
<p>Court. Gentlemen, you must acquit the prisoner, as the property is not identified.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-12-verdict68" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-12-verdict68" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-13-defend141" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH CUTLER
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<interp inst="t17990619-13-defend141" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
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<interp inst="t17990619-13-defend141" type="age" value="26"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-13-off69" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-13-off69" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-off69" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the 23d of May a flew fishing-net, value 5l. </rs> the property of our Sovereign Lord
<persName id="t17990619-13-victim142" type="victimName">
<rs id="t17990619-13-viclabel70" type="occupation">the King</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-13-victim142 t17990619-13-viclabel70"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-victim142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Count. For stealing the same net, the property of
<persName id="t17990619-13-victim144" type="victimName"> John Bonham
<interp inst="t17990619-13-victim144" type="surname" value="Bonham"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-victim144" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-victim144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Raine.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person145"> JOHN BONHAM
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person145" type="surname" value="BONHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person145" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine. Q. What are you? - A. I am a
<rs id="t17990619-13-viclabel71" type="occupation">fisherman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-13-victim144 t17990619-13-viclabel71"/>, in
<placeName id="t17990619-13-crimeloc72">Hyde-park</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-crimeloc72" type="placeName" value="Hyde-park"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-crimeloc72" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-13-off69 t17990619-13-crimeloc72"/>, in the Serpentine-river; I am employed to fish for his Majesty, and am employed by Lord Euston, the ranger; I have a house by the side of the river.</p>
<p>Q. On the 22d of May had you a fishing-net in your possession? - A. I had the care of it; I am to account for those nets entrusted to my care; I missed this net about six o'clock the next morning, it was under the gateway of my house, when I went to bed, about ten o'clock, and the next time I saw it was at Bow-street, that was on the Monday following; it was worth about five or six pounds, I suppose.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person146"> JEREMIAH JEFFERD
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person146" type="surname" value="JEFFERD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person146" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live at Kensalgreen, which is on the Harrow-road, in the parish of Wilsdon; I remember the prisoner coming to my house on the 23d of May, between three and four o'clock in the morning on a Thursday, he brought with him a sack, and told me it was a parcel for Mr. Trebel; when I went down to take it from him, he told me it was a net, he left it with me; the same morning I met Mr. Trebel, and told him there was a parcel left for him; he told me he would call at my house in the course of the day, and see about it; the sack was left at my house, but I did not see the contents of it till I saw it at Bow-street.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember who it was that took it away from your house? - A. I don't know, I never saw it any more till at Bow-street; I put it in the cellar, I did not keep the key.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person147"> THOMAS JONES
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person147" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person147" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a labourer, in the service of Mr. Trebel; I went, by my master's instructions, to the house of the last witness, on the 23d of May, and I got a sack with a net in it; I took it to Wilsden-green, to Mr. Trebel's nursery, where his children are at nurse, at Mrs. Baker's, and I left it there.</p>
<p>CONSTANT BAKER sworn. - Examined by Mr. Raine. Q. Do you remember the last witness bringing any thing to your house on the 23d of May? - A. Yes, a sack; I don't know what it contained; it was left to be called for; I took care of it, and delivered it to Mr. Perry, one of the officers.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person148"> PETER PERRY
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person148" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person148" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q. What are you? - A. I am one of the patrol belonging to Bow-street; I went to Mrs. Baker's house, through an information I had received; I went on the 26th of May, on a Sunday; I asked her if she had not a sack; I found a sack with a net in it, which is now in Court; I left it there, and told her to let no person have it till I called again; after I had seen it, I went and apprehended the prisoner at the bar on the same night; I told him he must go along with me; he asked me, for what; I told him concerning the net; I apprehended him at Kensington Gravel-pits, where he lodged; I took him from there to where the net was, at Mrs. Baker's, and when I took him there, I desired Mrs. Baker to give me the sack with the net that Cutler had left there; Mrs. Baker made answer, that man (the prisoner was with me), never brought the sack, it was
<persName id="t17990619-13-person149"> Tom Jones
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person149" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person149" type="given" value="Tom"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> that left the sack here; I then said, never mind, deliver the sack to me whoever brought it; so she did; I took him, and the sack with the net in it, to Tothill-fields, it being late when Mrs. Baker said that; says he, I told you I knew nothing of the net, the woman says I did not bring it; I said, it does not signify, you must go with me.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person150"> JOHN TREBEL
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person150" type="surname" value="TREBEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person150" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a cow-keeper, in Mary-le-bonne.</p>
<p>Q. In consequence of any thing you heard, did you go to enquire after a net? - A. On Thursday, the 23d of May, the prisoner at the bar came to me, and said, he had left a net for me to buy at the Plough, at Kensal-green; this was about six o'clock
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190015"/>on Thursday morning, in Mary-le-bonne, at my own house; I had not bespoke a net; I said, very well, I will look at it; I went from there to Wilsdon, after my business, and coming back, I met Mr. Jefferd, at the Plough; he says, there is a sack for you; very well, says I; when I came to look at the net, I saw it was a very capital one, and said, I would have nothing to do with it, and I said so to the prisoner; I saw him in Mary-le-bonne-lane afterwards, and he asked me how he could come by the net again; I told him it was at the nurse's, at Wilsdon-green; says he, how can I get it; says I, here is a knife, just the fellow of this, (producing one), this shall be the token by which you shall get it; I never had bespoke the net of him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Did you never bespeak the net of me? - A.Never, on my oath.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you give me a pot of beer when you ordered it? - A. Never, I stand here upon my oath.</p>
<p>Jury. Q.What was the knife given for? - A. Because I thought the man had it dishonestly.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask the question, how he came by the net? - A. No; he told me, the net was left there for me; I said, you dishonestly came by it; says he, how can I come by it again; and I told him I had left a token with her.</p>
<p>Q. Then you had ordered the net? - A. No, I never ordered a net in my life of him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Did not you give me a shilling? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Not the same morning you were told of it? - A. I have given you many a shilling at times for throwing up my hedge or ditch.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He gave me a shilling the very same morning; he told me to get it a week or ten days before.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Did you order him to get you a net some days before - is that true or false? - A. It is false; I never ordered him.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person151"> THOMAS HURST
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person151" type="surname" value="HURST"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am one of the Green-park keepers, and act occasionally in Hyde-park; I have examined the net thoroughly, and it is the net that was in Bonham's custody for the use of Hyde-park; and it is the King's property, under the direction of the ranger.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-13-person152"> THOMAS CORRY
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person152" type="surname" value="CORRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person152" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I know the net; I have mended it, and have had it to mend in my possession three weeks; I had it from Bonham, and delivered it to him again.</p>
<p>Banham. That is the net I saw on the 22d of May, and missed on the 23d.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. He gave me a shilling in part of payment the very same morning as it was left at the Plough, on Kensal-green; I parted the shilling, and had sixpence out of it myself; the other I gave a man called Long John, the same morning, he told me to go and get something to drink; I asked Mr. Trebel what it was worth; he said he could not tell till he looked at it, it might be worth a couple of guineas; I went on Sunday morning down to his house, and he was over at the public-house, he gave me part of a pot of beer, and said it was not worth more than a guinea, and he sent me a guinea out by
<persName id="t17990619-13-person153"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person153" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person153" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on Sunday morning; I gave it to
<persName id="t17990619-13-person154"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person154" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person154" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to take in again, and told him I would not have any more than I had had, which was a shilling; I can get a man tomorrow, or some day, who had part of the shilling; it was an old guinea, for I had it in my hand, that Jones brought to me.</p>
<p>Prisoner. (To Jones.) Q. Did not you bring out a guinea to me on Sunday morning? - A. No, I brought no money to you, my friend.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He brought me an old guinea, for I had it in my hand, and looked at it; and after that, his master gave me his knife.</p>
<p>Jury. (To Jones.) Q. Did you ever offer any money to this man? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. No guinea? - A. No; I had not a thought of such a thing.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Trebel never gave you any money for it in part of purchase? - A. No; I know no more about it only fetching it away.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-13-verdict73" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-13-verdict73" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 26.)</p>
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<interp inst="t17990619-13-punish74" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-13-defend141 t17990619-13-punish74"/> Confined twelve months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-13-punish75" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-13-punish75" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-13-punish75" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-13-defend141 t17990619-13-punish75"/> publicly whipped </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17990619-14-defend156" type="defendantName"> THOMAS DUNGWELL
<interp inst="t17990619-14-defend156" type="surname" value="DUNGWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-defend156" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-defend156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-defend156" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-14-off76" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-14-off76" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-off76" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-14-cd77" type="crimeDate">15th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-14-off76 t17990619-14-cd77"/>, in the parish of St. Andrew's, a cloth coat, value 21s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-14-victim157" type="victimName"> Mark Strong
<interp inst="t17990619-14-victim157" type="surname" value="Strong"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-victim157" type="given" value="Mark"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-victim157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-14-off76 t17990619-14-victim157"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17990619-14-viclabel78" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-14-victim157 t17990619-14-viclabel78"/> </p>
<persName id="t17990619-14-person158"> JAMES PERRY
<interp inst="t17990619-14-person158" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-person158" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am coachman to Mark Strong. Esq. About ten o'clock last Saturday night I was robbed of a great coat, in
<placeName id="t17990619-14-crimeloc79">King's-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-crimeloc79" type="placeName" value="King's-road"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-crimeloc79" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-14-off76 t17990619-14-crimeloc79"/>; I was setting my master down at No. 7, King's-road, I got off the box to open the door, and the prisoner came on the other side and took the coat off the box, the footman was not with me; I did not leave the carriage, I only got down to open the door; I did not see him take it, a person I have here, said somebody was pulling the coat down; I ran before the horses, and saw the prisoner running across the road with it, it is a cloth great coat; I stopped him, he made no defence at all; the coat was dropped about two or three yards before I stopped him, I saw him drop it as I was in pursuit of him; I called out stop thief, and he dropped it, and stopped, of himself about twenty yards from the place; it is my master's coat.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-14-person159"> MARY WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17990619-14-person159" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-person159" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I was coming along the King's-road last Saturday night, and I saw a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190016"/>man take a great coat off the box; I went and told the coachman, and he ran after the man; the same man-dropped the coat that took it off the box, no other man dropped it, I saw him drop it.</p>
<p>Q.(To Perry.) Did you pick up the coat before you took the prisoner? - A. I did not pick up the coat at that time, till I stopped him; I turned him about, and the watchman came along, be took him out of my hands, and then I went and picked up the coat; I never lost sight of him, after I saw him with the coat, till I delivered him to the watchman.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was going home about ten o'clock on Saturday night, I was a little in liquor I own; I was going along the side of the wall, and a man came running by me, and almost knocked me down, I heard the cry of stop thief, and I walked on; I had not walked above ten yards when the coachman came up, and said I had got his coat; your coat, says I, it is on my back if I have, for I have no other; says he, I have lost my coat, and he took me to his master's house; I told him to take me where he liked; after that they took me to the watch-house; this good lady said, at Hatton-garden, there were other persons passing at the time, and she could not swear to me.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-14-verdict80" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-14-verdict80" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 22.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-14-punish81" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-14-punish81" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-14-defend156 t17990619-14-punish81"/> Confined twelve months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-14-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-14-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-14-punish82" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-14-defend156 t17990619-14-punish82"/> publicly whipped </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17990619-15-defend160" type="defendantName"> EDWARD SMITH
<interp inst="t17990619-15-defend160" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-defend160" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-defend160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-defend160" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-15-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-15-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-15-cd84" type="crimeDate">17th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-15-off83 t17990619-15-cd84"/>, a pocket-book, value 2s. containing several Bank-notes </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17990619-15-victim162" type="victimName"> Robert Johnstone
<interp inst="t17990619-15-victim162" type="surname" value="Johnstone"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-victim162" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-victim162" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-15-off83 t17990619-15-victim162"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Alley.)</p>
<p>ROBERT JOHNSTONE sworn. - Examined by Mr. Alley. Q. Were you robbed on the 17th of May? - A. On Friday the 17th of May, I was walking down the Strand, about one o'clock, and just as I was crossing
<placeName id="t17990619-15-crimeloc85">Hungerford-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-crimeloc85" type="placeName" value="Hungerford-street"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-15-crimeloc85" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-15-off83 t17990619-15-crimeloc85"/>, I felt something like a hand in my pocket, and knowing I had a deal of property, I put my hand, and missed the pocket-book; I turned my head, and observed the prisoner at the bar crossing the street, and entering into a court, I think it is called Church-court, the other side of the Strand; I pursued him into the court, and seized him by the shoulder, I shook him very severely; says I, it is you that took my pocket-book; says he, upon my honour, sir, you are mistaken, I am no such person; I gave him another shake, and he let the book fall; I did not pick it up, but my son, a lad who was there, had a smaller hand than I, and he took it out of a grating, and handed it to me; here is the pocket-book, in my right-hand; the notes were upwards of one hundred pounds value, and I have not the least doubt of it being my property. There were two gentlemen present, whom I never saw before, and who attend here to prove the fact.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. What time was this? - A. It was, to be certain, between the hours of twelve and two.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to say, that in Church-court there were no other persons walking up and down? - A. I mean to say there was no other person near the prisoner and I when I accused him.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you had the pocket-book? - A.Upwards of six months.</p>
<p>Q. Is there any mark that you know it by? - A.There is a memorandom in it.</p>
<p>Q. Was that in it at the time? - A. I presume it was.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure of it? - A. I am pretty certain it was.</p>
<p>Q. Having had it six months, it is a little the worse for wear-is it worth more than eight-pence, or ten-pence? - A. The notes are worth a hundred pounds.</p>
<p>Q.Independent of the notes? - A. I think it is worth a shilling.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Did you see the book in the prisoner's possession? - A. I did, I saw him drop it; he dropped it in this manner, (describing it); I recovered all my property.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-15-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-15-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 22.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-15-punish87" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-15-punish87" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-15-defend160 t17990619-15-punish87"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17990619-16-defend163" type="defendantName"> JAMES LONGSTAFFE
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<interp inst="t17990619-16-defend163" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-defend163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-defend163" type="age" value="43"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-16-off88" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-16-off88" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-off88" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-16-cd89" type="crimeDate">15th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-16-off88 t17990619-16-cd89"/>, five pounds of tin bar, value 5s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-16-victim164" type="victimName"> Richard Yates
<interp inst="t17990619-16-victim164" type="surname" value="Yates"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-victim164" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-victim164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-16-off88 t17990619-16-victim164"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-16-person165"> RICHARD YATES
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person165" type="surname" value="YATES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person165" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17990619-16-viclabel90" type="occupation">pewterer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-16-victim164 t17990619-16-viclabel90"/>; I was robbed very materially of tin bar since the prisoner has been in my service; he was a servant of mine, and used to make an article called regulus, for hardening metal. Last Saturday, the 15th of June, I went out about ten o'clock among my customers, and I told one of my servants to pour off six hundred weight of tin bar; upon which, when I came home, the man said, he was short; the prisoner was not by; the man said, there was six pounds missing; I asked, where is Longstaffe? says he, he is just gone out; I sent after him, and he was brought back from where he was, and he came into the yard; I said to him, Longstaffe, I have suspected you a long time, I miss some metal, and I think you have got it; I missed about five pounds and a half of tin bar; upon which he was walking off again, I followed him just round the accompting-house; he wore a pair of trowsers and an apron;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190017"/>says I, stop, I will see whether you have got it about you; he took up his apron, says he, I have got the metal; upon which, I saw the end of this bar sticking out of his breeches, wrapped up in brown paper, upon which, I sent for an officer, who took them out; he wanted to take them out himself, but I told him to stop; it is poured in a mould; it weighed five pounds and a half, what was taken from him; it costs ninety-seven shillings a hundred, about ten-pence halfpenny a pound; I value it at four shillings, and I am satisfied it was mine.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You can take upon yourself to swear it was your property? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Can you swear it, from the circumstance that but few persons had such metal as you had? - A. Not above three make it.</p>
<p>Q. If there are two or three in the trade who make such sort of property, and cast it in moulds, I should like to know how you can distinguish that to be your's? - A. Every man's moulds differ.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear, that round about this great town there may not be moulds of the same dimensions? - A. There are not.</p>
<p>Q. Can you swear that? - A. Yes, positively.</p>
<p>Q. However, two or three persons might have such bars as these? - A. No, no person.</p>
<p>Q. What did you mean by saying there were two or three persons having such moulds? - A. There might be persons having bar moulds, but mine is smaller than their's.</p>
<p>Q. There are other people who make tin bars? - A. I believe there are two or three more.</p>
<p>Q. They may have such moulds, may they not? - A. I don't think there are such moulds in London.</p>
<p>Q. Will you venture to swear they may not have such? - A. There are not, I dare say.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear there are not? - A. I have not their moulds into my moulds; that is all I know of the matter.</p>
<p>Q. But we are to try whether you are right? - A. I don't come here with any evil design; I have a number of men about me, and I am bound to do this.</p>
<p>Q. If other persons, three or four in the trade, deal in the article you deal in, they may have moulds that you have not seen, though you may swear they are your's - I want you to satisfy the Jury, why you are enabled to swear to this particular mould? - A. There is not another mould in the trade that this bar would sit.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen the other moulds in order to form that conclusion; because there are but few in number, have you seen their moulds in order so to judge, whether they are different from your's? - A. We have only one mould maker, and I had mine made in a particular manner.</p>
<p>Q.Does he make moulds for other people? - A. He may.</p>
<p>Q.Don't you know he works for other persons? - A. I can say it was poured into my mould, and that is enough.</p>
<p>Q. You shall give an answer whether he is employed by other persons? - A. I am not certain whether they were not made under my own roof.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear they were? - A. I believe they were cast by Mr. Horseley, somewhere at Hoxton; if I made a pattern, and sent it to Mr. Horseley, and said, make me a mould to that pattern, he would do it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see another pattern of the same sort and dimensions? - A. No, I never did; they are cast a great deal larger.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear that other persons, having occasion for light moulds, may not have had them cast? - A. If I was to talk till to-morrow morning, I can only say this was cast in my mould; and I have been a great sufferer.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Is there any mark upon your tin bar, your private mark? - A. No, there is no private mark; because, perhaps, in the course of a day, we pour three or four ton of bar.</p>
<p>Q. He was off the premisses when he was stopped, and came back with the metal upon him? - A. He said, to me, I have got the metal.</p>
<p>Q. Did you try the metal you took from him? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are the moulds in Court? - A. No; they are very heavy.</p>
<p>Q.After you found this metal, did you fit it to the mould? - A. I did not; here is a salt-cellar that I can swear to be mine, it is cast in a mould that I have; he had it in his pocket.</p>
<p>Court. That is not in the indictment.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-16-person166"> JOHN STEDMAN
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person166" type="surname" value="STEDMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person166" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I know no more than this, that I run the metal and went to dinner, and when I came back again I was short five or six pounds, it was on a Saturday; I cannot say I should know the bars if I saw them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q.Do you or not know your own moulds-the size of them-don't you know the size of them? - A.No, I don't know the size of the moulds, we pour in the bars; the moulds hold about twelve bars.</p>
<p>Q. From the size of the moulds can you not speak to the bars? - A. No, I cannot.</p>
<p>Q. You weighed the whole six hundred weight, did you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When you returned back, can you swear that this, which is said to be found on him, is the same metal you had weighed? - A. I cannot tell,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190018"/>I did not see him take it out of the scale, I cannot say; it is the same sort of metal.</p>
<p>Q.Have you ever seen such metal before? - A. Yes, in one other place.</p>
<p>Q. It is not particular to your master to have such metal as that - any other person may have such metal as that? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. The same size? - A. Rather larger than this.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see metal bars of the same size any where else? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are those bars cast three or four together? - A.Every bar is cast separate.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-16-person167"> JAMES BROWNE
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person167" type="surname" value="BROWNE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person167" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to Mr. Yates: I have nothing to say but that my master sent me after the man, and I found him, and brought him; there is a public-house at Cow-cross directly opposite my master's house, it was between two and three o'clock, he was there; I saw the metal taken from him out of his breeches; it was given to the officer.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-16-person168"> JOHN RAY
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person168" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person168" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I took it out of his breeches; this salt-cellar was in his coat pocket; as I was taking him to the Justice, he informed me he had taken it only to try an experiment.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was servant to Mr. Yates, to make regulus: Mr. Yates some time ago desired me to put some of this kind of tin into my composition, to make it better; last Saturday that ever was I went to work, Mr. Yates had very bad coals, I got one pot of doubles, but it turned out very bad, I could not get on very well, but I did get on single upon this tin; Mr. Yates told me to take any of this tin to put into the metal to bring it to a proper bearing, as I told you before; he told me to take it out of the shop when I wanted it; I took it with me because I would not leave it in my shop, for fear it should be taken away.</p>
<p>Court. (To Yates.) Q. Did you give him leave? - A. My Lord it is not true; regulus consists of antimony and tin cuttings.</p>
<p>Q.Did you give him any authority? - A. No; he had no business in the shop where it was, he worked in a separate building; a month or two ago, he said, I will take a little bit of tin, and put into the regulus, which he did, and says he it does better; I cannot say whether he put it in or not; however, he had no authority from me to take this.</p>
<p>The prisoner called four witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-16-verdict91" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-16-verdict91" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 43.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-16-punish92" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-16-punish92" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-punish92" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-16-defend163 t17990619-16-punish92"/> Confined twelve months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-16-punish93" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-16-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-16-punish93" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-16-defend163 t17990619-16-punish93"/> publicly whipped </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-17-defend170" type="defendantName"> EDWARD ROOME
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<interp inst="t17990619-17-defend170" type="age" value="12"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-17-off94" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-17-off94" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-off94" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-17-cd95" type="crimeDate">4th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-17-off94 t17990619-17-cd95"/>, two handkerchiefs, value 2s. ten check aprons, value 8s. ten other handkerchiefs, and other articles, the property of
<persName id="t17990619-17-victim171" type="victimName"> William Dresser
<interp inst="t17990619-17-victim171" type="surname" value="Dresser"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-victim171" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-victim171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-17-off94 t17990619-17-victim171"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-17-person172"> CHRISTOPHER DRESSER
<interp inst="t17990619-17-person172" type="surname" value="DRESSER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-person172" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q. What are you? - A. I am shopman to the prosecutor, and he is a
<rs id="t17990619-17-viclabel96" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-17-victim171 t17990619-17-viclabel96"/>, in
<placeName id="t17990619-17-crimeloc97">Upper East-Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-crimeloc97" type="placeName" value="Upper East-Smithfield"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-17-off94 t17990619-17-crimeloc97"/>: The prisoner came to our shop about six o'clock in the evening of the 4th of June, he wanted to look at some worsted stockings, he was shewn some at sixteen pence a pair; he said they were not large enough, and went out again; I saw no more of him till Mr. Norton came to ask me if I had lost any thing; I did not miss them till I saw the goods brought back.</p>
<p>Q. Where were the goods when the prisoner took them? - A. They were on the opposite side of the shop when he came in.</p>
<p>Q. Might he not be there and you not see him? - A. Not at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Then, if he took them, it must be at another time? - A. It must be at another time; no other person came into the shop with him.</p>
<p>JOSEPH NORTON sworn. - I stopped the prisoner at the bar with the things upon him, in his apron, on the 4th of June, about five minutes before six o'clock, he was going up Butcher-row, East-Smithfield; I suspected him, having seen him a number of days about the neighbourhood; he said the goods belonged to his father, that he would give them up to no man, or go with any man; he afterwards altered his tone, and said, that two boys that were with him had given him them to carry to Tower-hill; I sent for an officer, and delivered the goods into his custody, and went to Mr. Dresser.</p>
<p>JOHN THOMPSON sworn. - I am headborough; The things were delivered to me, and have been in my possession ever since. (The goods were produced, and sworn to).</p>
<p>Jury. (To Dresser.) Q. It has been just stated there were two boys - did you see any more? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was it near the front of the shop where the robbery was committed? - A. It was the side of the shop, not near the door.</p>
<p>Q. Was it near the door that any person passing could see the robbery? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. No person walking past could see it? - A. No.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was going along the street, and two boys asked me to go into the shop and ask what was the price of a pair of stockings like mine; I said, my stockings were not big enough for them; they said, they had a brother as big as me, and my stockings would sit him; I went in, and asked, and when I came out, they gave me a shilling, and the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190019"/>things to carry for them, and told me to say they were my father's; I was going along, and this gentleman stopped me; and I said they were my father's, and how that two boys gave them to me to carry; they both run away, and left me, and the gentleman took me before the Justice. I have one witness, my father is not here.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-17-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-17-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-17-verdict98" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>
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<interp inst="t17990619-17-punish99" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-17-defend170 t17990619-17-punish99"/> Death </rs>. (Aged 12.)</p>
<p>The prisoner was recommended to mercy by the Jury and Prosecutor on account of his youth.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-18-defend174" type="defendantName"> HENRY BOGEARD
<interp inst="t17990619-18-defend174" type="surname" value="BOGEARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-defend174" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-defend174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-defend174" type="age" value="26"/> </persName> was indicted for that he, on the
<rs id="t17990619-18-cd100" type="crimeDate">1st of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-18-off101 t17990619-18-cd100"/>, had in his custody and possession a Bill of Exchange for payment of money, which Bill of Exchange is as follows, viz:£.25. London, December 27, 1798.</p>
<p>Three months after date, pay to my order twenty-five pounds, for value received. H. Bogeard.</p>
<p>To Mr.
<persName id="t17990619-18-victim175" type="victimName"> Hermanda Wedel
<interp inst="t17990619-18-victim175" type="surname" value="Wedel"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-victim175" type="given" value="Hermanda"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-victim175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , No. 34, Wimpole-street, Cavendish-square.</p>
<p>Upon which said Bill was written a false acceptance, purporting to be a fair and true acceptance of the person to whom it was directed, which is as follows, that is to say, "Hermanda Wedel," and
<rs id="t17990619-18-off101" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-18-off101" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-off101" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> that he, on the same day, did utter and pay, as true, the said false and forged Bill, with intent to defraud the
<rs id="t17990619-18-viclabel102" type="occupation">Count</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-18-victim175 t17990619-18-viclabel102"/> Wedel; and that, at the time of uttering and publishing it, he well knew it to be forged and counterfeited </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Court. Laying it to be with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17990619-18-victim176" type="victimName"> William Marshall
<interp inst="t17990619-18-victim176" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-victim176" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-victim176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Solicitor General.)(The prisoner being a foreigner, the Jury was composed of half Englishmen and half forigners, and an Interpreter was sworn.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-18-person177"> WILLIAM MARSHALL
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person177" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person177" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q. I believe you are a
<rs id="t17990619-18-viclabel103" type="occupation">butcher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-18-victim176 t17990619-18-viclabel103"/>, in Carnaby-market? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner? - A. Perfectly well.</p>
<p>Q. Was he arrested at your suit? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. In February last did you see him? - A. Yes; he was at the Lock-up-house in Grays-Inn-lane, he then owed me forty pounds; I went to him, Mr. Barrett was present, who had been his partner, he advanced fourteen pounds in part of the debt, and, says he, I have got a twenty-five pounds note on Count Wedel, the Danish Ambassador's son; with that fourteen pounds, and twenty-five pounds, I thought I should be well off, he offered me the note out of his pocket-book; I gave it to Mr. Ford, I did not mark it, but I know it from a thousand; I am sure that is the note; I gave him his discharge, and when he was out of the Lock-up-house, says he, it is a very good one, and when it is due I will go with you and fetch the money. I went on the Saturday before it was due, and told the young Count I had brought a note of twenty-five pounds; he then said, I am not of age, I shall not pay the note; I went up stairs to him, and says he, I did not give my note; says I, will you be kind enough to write your name on a piece of paper, which he did; says I it resembles this note; the old gentleman, the father, was going to take me by the collar, and put me out of the room-upon my soul it is true - I wish I had that bit of paper now. (The bill read).</p>
<p>£.25. London, December 27, 1798.</p>
<p>Three months after date, pay to my order twenty-five pounds, for value received. J. Bogeard.</p>
<p>To Hermanda Wedel, No. 34, Wimpole-street, Cavendish-square.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. What is his Christian name? - A. Henry.(A doubt arose whether the letter was H or J, which was left to the Jury).</p>
<p>Q. Had that note always been in your possession before you gave it to Mr. Ford? - A. I kept it in my possession about seven days; the Count had been to the Duke of Portland's Office, and they sent for me; I gave it to Mr. Ford, and have never received it again.</p>
<p>Q. Did the young Count say, I shall not pay the note, before, or after your producing it? - A. He said it as soon as ever I told him I had a note; I had not taken it out of my pocket, I told him I had a note of twenty-five pounds.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-18-person178"> RICHARD FORD
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person178" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person178" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. sworn. - I received the note from the last witness; I am one of the Magistrates at Bow-street: Some time after I received it, the prisoner was brought before me, and examined upon the charge of forgery, which examination I took down in writing; the prisoner made a confession.</p>
<p>Q. Was it perfectly voluntary on his part? - A. Quite so.</p>
<p>Q. Were any promises, or threats, made use of to induce him? - A. Neither; this is the examination, it is all my own writing, and it is signed by himself, I saw him sign it.</p>
<p>Q. Was it explained to him in English? - A. He spoke English so perfectly well, I did not think it was necessary.</p>
<p>Q. Did he understand what was read to him? - Prisoner. A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Mr. Ford. He conversed in English with me, and seemed to understand it perfectly well; I took it down in a great measure from his own words; I have not the smallest doubt in the world that he understood it. (The examination of
<persName id="t17990619-18-person179"> Henry Bageard
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person179" type="surname" value="Bageard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person179" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> read.)</p>
<p>"This examinant says, he is a native of Romen, in Normandy; about three years since, he went into the service of his Excellency the Count Wedel
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190020"/>Jallsberg, as vale-de-chambre; that he quitted in a year, and took a shop in Orchard-street, Oxford-road, and dealt in Confectionary; being shewn the note of twenty-five pounds, drawn by examinant on Mr. Wedel, three months after date, and the acceptance of Hermanda Wedel, he said it was written by Dupont, that he persuaded him to sign his name to it, and that Dupont wrote the name,"Hermanda Wedel," as the acceptance to it; and, he says, that at the time of writing the said note, no money was due or owing to him by the said, Hermanda Wedel, or any account between them; and he further says, that he kept the said note about a fortnight afterwards, and passed it to one
<persName id="t17990619-18-person180"> William Marshall
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person180" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person180" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a butcher, in Carnaby-Market."(Signed,) "Henry Bogeard.'</p>
<p>Taken the 11th of May.
<persName id="t17990619-18-person181"> Richard Ford
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person181" type="surname" value="Ford"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person181" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .(The examination read to the prisoner in French.)</p>
<p>Interpreter. The prisoner says, he knew not what he was signing.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-18-person182"> CHARLES WEDEL
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person182" type="surname" value="WEDEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person182" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q. I believe you are the son of the Danish Ambassador? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know your brother's hand-writing? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Where did your brother live? - A. No. 34, Wimpole-street, Cavendish-square.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that, and tell me whether the words Hermanda Wedel are the characters of your brother? - A. No, they are not.</p>
<p>Q. Is there any resemblance? - A. No, there is not.</p>
<p>Q. Does your brother, when he gives his name, sign it in that way? - A. His name is Hermendt, not Hermanda, and he writes it so.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. What is your brother's name, and title? - A. Count
<persName id="t17990619-18-person183"> John Caspard
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person183" type="surname" value="Caspard"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person183" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Hermenda Wedel Jallsherg.</p>
<p>Q. Is that all his title - I observe he is called honourable? - A. I don't know.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. (To Mr. Ford.) Q.All your conversation with the prisoner was in English? - A. I am sure it was in English.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner request to be examined in French? - A. Certainly not.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-18-person184"> AUGUSTUS NITCSH
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person184" type="surname" value="NITCSH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person184" type="given" value="AUGUSTUS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. -Mr. Knowlys. Q. I believe you lived with young Count Wedel as his tutor? - A. Yes, I did; at No. 34, Wimpole-street.</p>
<p>Q. Are you well acquainted with the hand-writing of the count? - A. Perfectly.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that, and tell me whether the acceptance is his hand-writing or not? - A. According to my best knowledge it is not.</p>
<p>Q. Do you believe it or not? - A. I have not the least reason to believe it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you believe it not to be his? - A. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Does it, in your knowledge, resemble the Count's hand-writing? - A. I think not; there is a resemblance in every hand-writing, I cannot go so far as to say there is no resemblance at all; I can only say, it is a hand-writing entirely different from his.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. (As delivered by the interpreter from the prisoner.) He says, that Count Hermendt Wedel had business with him about six months ago; he lent him money; he lent him a draft, which was honoured the first time; William Marshall knew it perfectly well, and a gentleman in Court. Count Wedel came to him, and told him he was in want of forty pounds; he took him to his friend, who lent it him; on the morrow this note was paid to his friend: Count Wedel can write three or four different hands, fearful his father should know his hand-writing: after that he lent Count Wedel twenty-five pounds, and the note which he paid him he gave to
<persName id="t17990619-18-person185"> William Marshall
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person185" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person185" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : Count Wedel denied it being his signature, and so he has been arrested in consequence of that note. Count Wedel has three or four different signatures, fearful of his father being displeased with him.</p>
<p>Q.(To Marshall.) The prisoner says, he gave you a note at another time? - A. He did, my Lord, it was fifty-nine pounds, drawn on Count Wedel, and paid at Thellusson's.</p>
<p>Q.(To Count Frederick.) The witness has said, your brother has two or three manners of signing his name; do you know any thing of it? - A. No, I do not.</p>
<p>Q.(To Mr. Nitcsh.) Do you know any thing of Count Wedel having two or three methods of signing his name? - A. No, my Lord, only one that I know of.</p>
<p>Interpreter. The prisoner says, he supposes the Count never alters his hand-writing before the persons of the house, or before the persons that are with him.</p>
<p>Q.(To Marshall.) Was the first note drawn by Count Wedel, or upon him? - A. I am not sure whether it was Count Wedel or his father it belonged to, it was paid.</p>
<p>Q. You don't know whether it was drawn upon him or by him? - A. I don't know whether it was upon him or his father.</p>
<p>Q. You cannot tell who was the drawer or the acceptor of the 59l. bill? - A. No, I took it from the Danish Ambassador's house.</p>
<p>Interpreter. The prisoner says, that he mentioned to
<persName id="t17990619-18-person186"> William Marshall
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person186" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person186" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> not to present the note to the Count before his father, for that his father would be displeased.</p>
<p>Marshall. It is exactly so, and he told me the Count's mother would send money from abroad to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190021"/>pay the note; says he, perhaps it may not be paid then, but in a few days after; that the money might be sent by his mother from abroad.</p>
<p>Jury. Q.Were father and son both present when you presented it? - A.Both in the dining-room, and were going to put me out of the window, because I said, it was exactly like that he wrote on the piece of paper: the son was even so exasperated, that he threatened to throw me out of the window, and I was obliged to call for assistance. I would give a guinea if I had that bit of paper now that I asked him to write his name upon.</p>
<p>Q. Whether the young man did not refuse to pay it before he was in a rage? - A. There was something of that sort, I was then in the passage along with the servant.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any thing of that sort - did you hear it? - A.Upon my soul, I did; says he, I cannot pay it, I am not of age; and I told the servant I would keep it till he was of age; I had not produced it, but told him I had it in my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. When he saw it, he denied it? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>BENJAMIN WRIGHT sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. Q.What are you? - A. I was servant to
<persName id="t17990619-18-person187"> David Scott
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person187" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person187" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Member of Parliament, who lives in Upper Harley-street; I have left him three days; I know the prisoner perfectly well, and I know the Count and his brother by fight; I have seen them at the prisoner's house repeatedly.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of any money transactions between Count Hermendt and the prisoner? - A. Somewhere about the latter end of November, or beginning of December last, I was writing out a bill of fare for the prisoner, and I think, he came and took away the pen and ink from me; these gentlemen were in another room, and were there for a considerable time; after having been there some time, I heard very high words, as if they were in anger with each other; I was called in; the conversation was then in French; the young gentleman wished to change it; the prisoner called me in, and the gentlemen changed the conversation into French; some part of the noise of words I had heard were in English, and when I was called in, it was turned to French immediately.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sufficiently acquainted with the French language to tell us, whether there was any conversation about cash or notes? - A. I am not conversant in French, but, as far as I do know, I am almost certain there was a conversation about money transactions; there was one thing particular; there was another person in the room, whom I did not know, and who ought to be here; he was brought in as a witness by the prisoner; the prisoner was present, and that young gentleman; I asked the cause of all this; he said, it was concerning the note and pocket-book that was lost during the time he was with them, but he could not tell the manner in which it was lost; it was a note for ninety odd pounds; this person was called upon, who said, he had seen the note, and advised them to make another; they wrote another as a substitute for that which was lost; that was the ground of the quarrel; afterwards, however, every thing was quiet, and the gentlemen came to the adjoining room where I had been writing, and they told me they had been angry on all sides, but they had settled it, and hoped I would say nothing about it, and made me a present to hold my tongue; I received two shillings to keep the secret.</p>
<p>Q.(To Count Frederick.) You have heard what that witness has said? - A. The whole is a swindling piece of business.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. Were you a servant in the prisoner's house? - A. I was not, I went merely to assist him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know a man of the name of Dupont? - A.No, I do not.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever called yourself so? - A. No, I have not.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you then been acquainted with the prisoner? - A. Not quite so much as three months, about two months.</p>
<p>Q. Did you converse with him? - A. Yes, almost every day, for five or six hours.</p>
<p>Q. As you went to assist him, did you take your orders from him? - A. I might do as I pleased; I did it merely as a friend, not as a servant.</p>
<p>Q. Then you had a regard and friendship for him? - A. I had, in consequence of a friend of mine knowing him longer than I did.</p>
<p>Q. How did you converse? - A. But indifferently, I not understanding French, and he not English.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, did you not understand what he said to you? - A. I understood at times what he said, and at times I did not.</p>
<p>Q. When you understood him, were not those the times he talked English? - A.Certainly; he talked English so far, that after I had been there some time, I understood him, but not so well at first.</p>
<p>Q. How did he converse with his customers, in English? - A. He did, but in bad English.</p>
<p>Q. Did you converse with him on every subject? - A. On matters that might occur about the news of the day.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to say he did not understand you when you spoke in English? - A. He improves in English.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell him what occurred, in any other language? - A. I spoke a little in both, but very imperfectly.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190022"/>Q. Did you understand French when you went first? - A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, in what language did you converse with him? - A. I could not very well converse with him; there were people in the house that understood English better than him, and they acted as interpreters.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever employ any body to interpret for him? - A. I have.</p>
<p>Q. Was that the usual practice? - A. In general it was: when I did not understand him, I applied to those who did; every conversation that passed between us must be very imperfect.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to say, that he cannot talk English very fluently? - A. Yes, certainly.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think he was capable of stating that examination in English? - A. I don't think he could comprehend the true sense of it, I am sure of it.</p>
<p>Q.Were you here when the Magistrate was examined? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And you now swear he was not capable of of understanding that in English? - A. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Who were present when you were called into the room? - A.Those two gentlemen, the prisoner, and another person.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell his name? - A.Probably the prisoner may tell, I do not know, I never saw him but twice, and both times at the prisoner's house.</p>
<p>Q. It passed about December? - A. I think it was.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, was not his name Dupont? A. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, did you not hear him called Dupont? - A. Not to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. He had some name? - A.Most undoubtedly</p>
<p>Q. Who brought him there? - A. I don't know, I believe the prisoner; I think once I saw him come in, and once he was in the room when I entered.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he stay? - A. One time, I believe, about an hour.</p>
<p>Q. He appeared like a foreigner? - A. He was not English.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to pledge your oath you did not hear him called Dupont? - A. To my knowledge I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Was he ever called by his name when he was there? - A. I don't recollect he was.</p>
<p>Q. Was he not introduced as Mr. Dupont? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear he was not called Dupont? A. I had no suspicion of any thing of this sort.</p>
<p>Q. What suspicion have you about his name being Dupont? - A. I don't know that it was.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear he was not called Dupont? - A. I think he was not, but I will not take an oath.</p>
<p>Q. What business did he call upon? - A. I believe the prisoner went out with him about this dispute.</p>
<p>Q. What had he been before? - A. I cannot tell; it was concerning the note they conversed; I could not comprehend exactly.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago is it since that man went into the country? - A. I don't know, I was at Bath, but I have heard he is out of the country.</p>
<p>Q. Did you attend the examination of the prisoner? - A. I never saw him since his commitment till yesterday; I was in a confined situation, being in service.</p>
<p>Q. When did you first hear he was in prison A. I cannot say exactly say when it was, but I think it was in February that I heard he was arrested.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go him? - A. I could not go, I was at Bath; a friend of mine wrote to me, and mentioned it in the letter.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to go to him? - A. I had a respect for the man, and I wished to see him.</p>
<p>Q.How came you to know he was in Newgate? - A. He wrote by a friend.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been in town? - A. About six weeks.</p>
<p>Q. When did you receive information from your friend he was in Newgate? - A.Ever since I have been in town, but I was contined; I received information the very day he came here; I never called or saw him till yesterday.</p>
<p>Q. Did you call in consequence of any desire, or on your own suggestion? - A. He desired to see me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever mention this circumstance to any body, or whatever you have heard of those two gentlemen, and about the note? - A. I have mentioned it to every body I know, and that knew him.</p>
<p>Q. When did you mention it first? - A. I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Did you mention it directly? - A. Yes, after my understanding it was a forgery; I had too good an opinion of the prisoner to believe it.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, did you see any note written by those gentlemen? - A. I did not see the note my self.</p>
<p>Q. You swore they wrote a note? - A. They came to me for ink.</p>
<p>Q. They were advised to write another? - A. That is as I am informed, I did not see the note; every thing was carried on privately.</p>
<p>Q. Then it is only from information that you knew upon what subject they were talking? - A. Principally by information.</p>
<p>Q. Who told you upon what subject they were talking, and upon what subject they met? - A. The prisoner told me.</p>
<p>Q. Who told you to be secret? - A. That gen
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190023"/>tleman; he said, there had been a dispute, and hoped I would take no notice of it.</p>
<p>Q. Did they know you before? - A. They had seen me once or twice in the same place.</p>
<p>Q. Did they employ him in the confectionary way? - A. I don't know that they did; I think not, but cannot swear.</p>
<p>Q. Had they ever conversed with you before? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. They gave you two shillings to keep a secret? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q.Had you heard any secret? - A. Not that I understood.</p>
<p>Q. Did you talk French, or join them in conversation at all? - A. No, I promised I would not mention it, and I would not now, except to save the man's life.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you publish this story to every body you knew? - A. You asked me if I knew of those transactions you mentioned; I said, I did; it was not for the transactions, but for the quarrel I received the money.</p>
<p>Q. Then you did not receive the money to keep the money transactions secret, but to keep the quarrel secret - was that the reason? - A. I don't know really, it might be for both.</p>
<p>Q.(To Count Frederick). Do you remember the transaction the last witness has mentioned - you have heard of the bill of fifty-nine pounds said to be given by your brother - do you happen to be acquainted with that transaction? - A. Yes, I was; my brother's name was not upon the note; the bill was drawn upon Thellusson, and came from abroad.</p>
<p>Q.For what purpose was that note put into the hands of the prisoner? - A. It was a commission, we intended to pay him the money; the debt was only forty-eight pounds, but there was a commission, ten pounds, and we gave him the difference.</p>
<p>Q. From whom was that debt due? - A. We promised not to tell; if the prisoner chuses to mention it, he knows that it was none of our debts, but some body's else; it was neither myself or brother's, but a commission.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing about a bill of ninety pounds? - A. I do not.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of losing a pocket-book? - A. If you will give me leave, I will state that. About six weeks before that, he sent a letter, inclosing a promissory note; he sent a letter written in English, and a note, requesting an acceptance, saying, he could get the money for it; and that in the course of six weeks he should get the money; we signed the note for him at six weeks, upon which, some days after the six weeks were elapsed, he came with another note of fifty-eight pounds, upon which we asked him to give us back our note: we frequently went to him to get our note back, but he always had some excuse, saying, he could not get it, the gentleman would not give him the money for it, and would not let us know where it was, which made us suspect it would not be returned, this was after the six weeks: then we happened to want some money, and we asked him if he would lend us forty pounds for a little while; he said, yes, he would; then he said, he would certainly give it us, only he had spent some of it, about ten or twenty pounds; he said, he knew a gentleman who would lend us forty pounds; we went to that gentleman, and told him we would be very much obliged to him to get us forty pounds; about twelve o'clock the gentleman came with about thirty pounds, or something near; I believe he mentioned some name that commenced with an H; we asked him to make up the forty pounds; he then made up a story that he had lost his pocket-book; after this we went away, and we promised we would return it the same evening, about eight or nine o'clock; we came to the prisoner's house to Mr.
<persName id="t17990619-18-person188"> H.
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person188" type="given" value="H."/>
<interp inst="t17990619-18-person188" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> and returned the thirty pounds, and he returned the note, and we gave him a guinea; we begged of the prisoner not to detain our note, he always having some excuse; at last we heard he had offered to sell it for a much less price than the value of the note; we asked him about it, and he swore he never shewed the note to any body; we heard he presented the note: after that a gentleman came and told us he offered to sell the note to him; we told him that we would call that person for a witness, and that we knew he had the note in his house; he then got in a passion, and swore that the note was not in the house, and that if he had it, he would return it; this was the dispute about which the other witness spoke: we told him we would take him up if he did not return it, upon which he called in that gentleman, and we thought it right to call the other gentleman who told us he wanted to sell the note; he fetched him, and at last he went up stairs to a little garret, and brought us the note out of a pocket-book: after this, we told him it was a swindling piece of business, and we could have had him taken up and punished, but we would pardon him, if he would promise not to do any thing like is again; he said, it certainly was the first and the last time that we should find him out in any thing like it; when we went away, we gave him two shillings, as a water, not to mention that we had a quarrel with his master, for that it was all settled: we went to Bath, and, in the mean while, he forged this note; we went to Bath immediately after this dispute.</p>
<p>Q. Were you at home when Marshall brought the bill to your brother for payment? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q.Was your father there when he first came? -
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190024"/>A. No, my father was not, but my brother went down to the butcher and told him.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner present? - A. No.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Then you must not tell us what passed.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-18-verdict104" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-18-verdict104" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17990619-18-punish105" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-18-punish105" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-18-defend174 t17990619-18-punish105"/> DEATH </rs>. (Aged 26.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-19-defend190" type="defendantName"> JOHN WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17990619-19-defend190" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-defend190" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-defend190" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-defend190" type="age" value="62"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17990619-19-off106" type="offenceSubcategory" value="mail"/> that he, being a person employed as a
<rs id="t17990619-19-deflabel107" type="occupation">sorter of letters</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-19-defend190 t17990619-19-deflabel107"/> sent to the General Post-office in London, did, on the
<rs id="t17990619-19-cd108" type="crimeDate">15th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-19-off106 t17990619-19-cd108"/>, secrete a certain letter sent by Harriet-Harding Hewitt, from Marlborough, to be delivered to
<persName id="t17990619-19-person191"> Henry Jeffryes
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person191" type="surname" value="Jeffryes"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person191" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Salisbury-square, Fleet-street, containing a promissory note of ten pounds </rs>, the property of the said
<persName id="t17990619-19-victim192" type="victimName"> Henry Jeffryes
<interp inst="t17990619-19-victim192" type="surname" value="Jeffryes"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-victim192" type="given" value="Henry"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-19-off106 t17990619-19-victim192"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Solicitor General.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person193"> HARDING HEWITT
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person193" type="surname" value="HEWITT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person193" type="given" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Fielding. Q. On the 14th of May, were you at Marlborough? - A. Yes, I reside there; I remember ordering the servant to carry a letter to the Post-office, I sent no more than one on that day; I sent that by Elizabeth pope, it was directed to Mr. H. Jeffryes, No. 49, Salisbury-square, fleet-street, London; I paid the postage of it, and it contained a ten pound Bank-bill; I should know them again if I saw them; (a letter and bill shewn the witness): that is the same letter, and this is the same bill, I delivered to the servant to put into the post-office; the remittance was made on account of my father's business, whose name is
<persName id="t17990619-19-person194"> George Hewitt
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person194" type="surname" value="Hewitt"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person194" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You were in the habit of corresponding with Mr. Jeffryes before? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What is your father? - A. A clock and watch-maker, and several other trades together.</p>
<p>Q. It had been no unusual thing to transmit country bills to London? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. It may occur to your memory that a Shaftesbury and Salisbury bill had been transmitted by you before, to Mr. Jeffryes - do you recollect it? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you never did such a thing? - A. I don't recollect it.</p>
<p>Q. Probably you might have sent another bill, of the value of ten pounds, to Mr. Jeffryes, of the Salisbury and Shaftesbury Bank? - A. No, I am certain I have not.</p>
<p>Q. Is there any mark upon it that you know it by? - A. There is no mark, I put no mark; I have sent other bills up; I never put any mark upon them I sent to Mr. Jeffryes.</p>
<p>Q. When there was any money to be sent up to him it was done by country bills - whether it may not have been, that previous to this time, you have sent up Shaftesbury and Salisbury Bank-bills? - A. That I cannot recollect.</p>
<p>Q. They were usually conveyed up in paper? - A. Yes; I took a copy of the bill before I sent it; I always take a copy of every bill I send.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person195"> ELIZABETH POPE
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person195" type="surname" value="POPE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person195" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person195" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to Mr. Hewitt: I remember receiving a letter on the 14th of May, from my mistress, and putting it into the post-office, and paying the postage.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take notice of the letter so as to be able to speak to it again? - A. No; I am sure I delivered it from her, and put it into the post-office.</p>
<p>Q. Only one letter? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q.(To Miss Hewitt.) Is that the person you gave the letter to? - A. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person196"> JAMES HIGHAM
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person196" type="surname" value="HIGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person196" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am post-master at Marlborough, and was so on the 14th of May: I believe I can positively swear to the mark on that letter, it is my mark; what day it was put in I cannot say; I forwarded the bag in the usual way whatever day it was put in.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. All letters, of course, are marked with your mark? - A.Certainly.</p>
<p>Q. Therefore, this letter has nothing particular upon it? - A. Certainly not.</p>
<p>Q. You have other persons employed beside yourself? - A. I generally attend myself; I particularly remember Mr. Hewitt's servant girl brought it to the office; I was in the way when the letter was brought, and the box was stopped; says I, you should have brought a penny with it; she then said, I forgot that, I will go back and fetch it, and accordingly she did; I marked it, and it is my own mark.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person197"> ISAAC HANSON
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person197" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person197" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am in the habit of receiving the bag, containing the Marlborough letters, at the General Post-office.</p>
<p>Q.Whether, on the 15th of May, you received the bag? - A. I cannot tell unless I see the bill of the day, (a bill shewn the witness); yes, I opened the bag in the morning, and I am quite sure that every thing appeared as usual; the bag came sealed to me.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. The coach in it's journey from London from Marlborough changes, does it not? - A. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. You looked at the bill, is it your handwriting? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you always put your initials to it? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q.(To Higham.) Is that the bill you sent up on the 14th of May? - A. Yes, it is my handwriting.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person198"> WILLIAM TINGLE
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person198" type="surname" value="TINGLE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person198" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Solicitor General. Q. I believe you keep a general receiving-office? - A. Yes; I live at No. 2, Hatton-garden; I remember the prisoner coming with the delivery-book to my shop on Wednesday, at six o'clock in the evening; I don't
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190025"/>recollect the day of the month, it was the day before he was taken up, while he was ringing his bell, he laid the book on the counter; I was in the back room, and saw him lay it there; he staid no longer than just to clap the book down, and he left it there; the book laid there for a few minutes, till the foreman went into the shop out of the back room, his name is John Davis; a person came into the shop, and as soon as they were gone out, he took up the book to put it into the drawer as usual, but felt it rather thick, he opened it, and found a letter in it.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person199"> JOHN DAVIS
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person199" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person199" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am shopman to Mr. Tingle: I remember the prisoner coming to my master's house with the delivery-book, I cannot say that is the book: On Wednesday, the 15th of May, about six o'clock in the evening, I was standing in the room at the back of the shop, Mr. Tingle was with me, Williams came in, threw the book on the counter, and made a remark on the coldness of the weather; he went immediately down the steps, and I observed he was intoxicated, for he appeared to be so; immediately as he had gone out, I went into the shop to serve something, that took me up but a few minutes; when the person went out, I observed the lid of the book to stick up, I had the curiosity to open it, and found a letter in it, with the seal upwards, broke; I turned it, and found it was directed to Mr. Jeffryes, Salisbury-square, Fleet-street; I made Mr. Tingle acquainted with it.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the letter? - A. I believe it is, but I will not undertake to swear to it, because I put no particular marks to it; I observed the direction of it; when I took it into the room, Mr. Tingle observed the seal broke, and the direction; he opened the letter, and in it was a piece of paper; he opened it, and it was a Shaftesbury and Salisbury Bank-note; he then read the letter.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the note? - A. I believe it is, but I will not attempt to swear to it, because I put no particular mark on it, it is just such a note; I did not see the prisoner again till the next morning, some time after nine o'clock, I cannot say how long after; he had been there before in the morning, but I was not there: the first words he said were, "now, about these breeches;" he had desired me to shew him patterns, and measure him; he then asked if I had found the book; I told him I had just come in, and would look for it, and I pretended to be looking for it among the goods; Mr. Tingle went to the Post-office; he urged me to look for the book, and told me there was a letter in it: he said nothing more than that there was a letter, and for God's sake to look for the book, or words to that effect; I told him if he would call again, I had not a doubt but he would hear of the book: he called again, I think, between eleven and twelve, and asked me if I had found the book, and had he not left it on the counter the evening before; I said, why do you want the book; says he, there is in the letter a Salisbury Bank-note of ten pounds. I asked him if it was a letter he had been directed to deliver; he said, no it was a letter he was going to take back to get it allowed; he said, for God's sake, don't let any person see it, because I would not have it lost for a thousand guineas. I thought he appeared very much agitated the last time, because it might be owing to his being a feeble old man; I cannot pretend to say how his feelings were.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You say it might arise from his being a very old man? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He was very drunk the night before? - A. very much so.</p>
<p>Q. He did not endeavour to hide the book - he put it, as he usually did, upon the counter? - A.Exactly so.</p>
<p>Q. No endeavour to conceal it? - A. No, not the least.</p>
<p>Q. In the morning he had called before you saw him? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He wanted to take it back to have it allowed? - A. He said that the third time of coming.</p>
<p>Q.Allowed what? - A. I understand by saying allowed, the letter had been over-charged, and he was taking it back to have it rectified.</p>
<p>Q. He was anxious it should be found, and looked for? - A.Very so.</p>
<p>Q. Has he been in the neighbourhood long? - A. I have not been in the neighbourhood myself more than seven months.</p>
<p>Q. Are you at all concerned in the management of the receiving-house? - A. Mr. Tingle entrusts me in the afternoon at four or five o'clock to see the bags.</p>
<p>Q. Whether, at your receiving-house, to which the postman brings the book, it has not happened before that you have had letters directed there which happened not to be in the delivery of the person who resorts to your receiving-house? - A. I don't understand you.</p>
<p>Q. Whether this letter came to be delivered in the division the prisoner was concerned in? - A. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. You say you have know him as long as you have been there? - A. I have.</p>
<p>Q. I believe, unfortunately, he drinks hard at times? - A.Very so.</p>
<p>Q.Therefore, a mistake would be more likely to happen to an old, infirm, and drunken man, than to a person who is steady? - A. I should suppose so.</p>
<p>Mr. Solicitor General. Q. In what condition
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190026"/>was the letter? - A. The seal was broke, and that side towards me: he ought to have delivered it on the Tuesday, but did not till the Wednesday.</p>
<p>Q.(To Mr. Tingle). You said Davis brought you the book - did you observe any thing in the book when he brought it? - A. Yes, a letter.</p>
<p>Q. How was it directed? - A. To Mr. H. Jeffryes, Salisbury-square, London; I cannot swear to the letter, there is no mark upon it, it was like this; I opened it in the presence of Davis, the seal was broke; I found in it a ten pound Salisbury and Shaftesbury note; I cannot swear to it, I did not mark it, it was such a note as that; I read it over, and I believe that to be the letter; I remember the contents of it; I immediately put it in the book again, and I put a mark upon the book in the presence of Davis, and that is the place I I marked it in; I took the letter with me to the post-office, to Mr. Stone's office; he was not in the way, and I brought it back and locked it up till eleven o'clock the next morning; I saw the prisoner the first time he came, about nine o'clock, as near as I can recollect, which was rather unusual for him to come at that time; he asked me for the book; I told him, I did not know of it; he came round the counter to look into the drawer for it, and turned over all the books, and it was not there; I made some frivolous excuse that Davis was out of the way, and the book was mislaid; it was then locked up; he wished particularly for the book; he did not say there was any thing in it: I was in the back room, and saw him come in twice afterwards; he came in, and was asking to be shewn some patterns, or to be measured, or something of that kind; I heard him; he wanted particularly the book; I heard him say it was a letter that was overcharged to be allowed, or something of the kind; I delivered it to Mr. Stone on Thursday morning, between eleven and twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You have been acquainted with the prisoner some time? - A. Yes, I have known him for sixteen years.</p>
<p>Q. You have known him to be often intoxicated? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. An accident coming to him would be more likely to happen to him than to any person almost? - A. I make no doubt of it.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not add, that he was anxious to get the letter, that he might return it? - A. That he might get it allowed at the post-office.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not say he wished to take it back, for that it was a letter given to him out of his delivery? - A. In mistake he put it into the delivery-book, instead of putting it into his pocket-book, I heard him say so.</p>
<p>Q.Was the book left in any place concealed? - A. No, on the counter, thrown carelessly down.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person200"> DANIEL STONE
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person200" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person200" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I belong to the Post-office, and remember the last witness coming on the 26th of May and bringing a letter, and I believe that to be it; that is the London mark of paid letters.</p>
<p>Q. Was that note indorsed in it? - A. It was, I am sure of it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. In the course of your experience in the Post-office, I suppose you know it frequently happens, that persons employed in the Post-office get letters delivered to them in the wrong division? - A. It is not unusual by mistake.</p>
<p>Q. This man, who, I understand, is a drunken old man, if such a thing happened to him, it would be more likely he should not discover it so soon as another person? - A. I should imagine so.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person201"> HUGH FERGUSON
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person201" type="surname" value="FERGUSON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person201" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Abbett. Q. You, I believe, are inspector of the letter-carriers in the post-office? - A. Yes; I was attending on Wednesday, the 15th of May; I knew the prisoner, he was at the Post-office that morning, and was employed as a sorter of paid for and franked letters.</p>
<p>Q. Explain to us into how many divisions London is divided? - A. Twelve; the prisoner was employed in division six.</p>
<p>Q. Is Salisbury-square, Fleet-street, in that division? - A. Yes, but it is not in the district of the prisoner's delivery.</p>
<p>Q. What was his duty, when attending there as a sorter? - A. To take no letters but his own; if he has letters, not in his own district, he should put those letters to those to whom they belong.</p>
<p>Q. Of course he had an opportunity of taking a letter that belonged to another? - A. Certainly.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that London mark, and see whether you can tell when it came? - A. The 15th; the post comes from Marlborough in one day; there was no carriage to be paid by the person who received it, because it is post-paid.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. I understand it is the duty of a sorter, in his particular division, to take only those letters which he is to deliver? - A. No other; if he should chance to put his hand upon another, he should hand it over.</p>
<p>Q. I ask, whether, in point of fact, in the post-office, men have not taken accidentally letters out of another division than their own? - A.There has been such mistake.</p>
<p>Q. This man, we have heard, was a drunken man? - A. Rather so, but I never saw him intoxicated on his duty in the office; he was not intoxicated in the morning the letters were sorted.</p>
<p>Q. Whether the coach is not changed from Marlborough to London? - A. I don't know.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190027"/>Mr. Abbott. Q. You say, it sometimes happens that a letter gets into the hands of a carrier it does not belong to? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q.What is the duty of that carrier? - A. If he has not an opportunity of delivering it to the proper carrier that day, he should bring it the next day.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q.How long had he been employed in the post-office? - A.Sixteen or seventeen years.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember his bringing back a letter that had been given him by mistake? - A. It is impossible for me to say.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person202"> HENRY JEFFRYES
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person202" type="surname" value="JEFFRYES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person202" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live in Salisbury-square, Fleet-street; this letter is properly addressed to me: I did not receive it on the 15th of May, Mr. Stone sent to desire my attendance, when he shewed me the letter and the bill, which I knew to be mine.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-19-person203"> JOHN MILLER
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person203" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person203" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-19-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn - I apprehended the prisoner on the 16th of May, on a Thursday evening; I found in his pocket seven letters, I marked them all; I marked that bill also, which was in his pocket, for ten pounds.(The letter and bill read).</p>
<p>The prisoner called five witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-19-verdict109" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-19-verdict109" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17990619-19-punish110" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-19-punish110" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-19-defend190 t17990619-19-punish110"/> DEATH </rs>.(Aged 62.)</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-20">
<interp inst="t17990619-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-20-off111-c173" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-20-defend205 t17990619-20-off111 t17990619-20-verdict116"/>
<persName id="t17990619-20-defend205" type="defendantName"> CHARLES LINSEY
<interp inst="t17990619-20-defend205" type="surname" value="LINSEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-defend205" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-defend205" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-defend205" type="age" value="33"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-20-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-20-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> that he, on the
<rs id="t17990619-20-cd112" type="crimeDate">9th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-20-off111 t17990619-20-cd112"/>, forged a Bank-note for two pounds with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t17990619-20-victim206" type="victimName">
<rs id="t17990619-20-viclabel113" type="occupation">Governor and company of the Bank of England</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-20-victim206 t17990619-20-viclabel113"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-victim206" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ; and likewise for disposing and putting it away as a good and true Bank-note, knowing it to be forged, with intent to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England </rs>. And, in other Counts, he was charged with uttering it with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17990619-20-victim208" type="victimName"> William Bunyan
<interp inst="t17990619-20-victim208" type="surname" value="Bunyan"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-victim208" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-victim208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .(The case was opened by Mr. Fielding.)</p>
<persName id="t17990619-20-person209"> WILLIAM BUNYAN
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person209" type="surname" value="BUNYAN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person209" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. You
<rs id="t17990619-20-viclabel114" type="occupation">keep a butcher's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-20-victim208 t17990619-20-viclabel114"/>? - A. Yes, at
<placeName id="t17990619-20-crimeloc115">No. 75, Lower Thames-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-crimeloc115" type="placeName" value="No. 75, Lower Thames-street"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-crimeloc115" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-20-off111 t17990619-20-crimeloc115"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Tell us what you know of the prisoner, and the note in question? - A. To the best of my recollection it was on the 9th of May, the prisoner came to me; however, to make sure, it was the day before the persons were tried for the murder last sessions; he came into the shop, about six o'clock in the evening, and looked about him; at last, he asked me what I called that; I told him, beef; he run his hand over it, and asked about how much four ribs would weigh; I said, between twenty and thirty pounds; I supposed he did not want so much; he never offered to agree for any price, or the weight; I put the hook into the beef again, and took no more heed of him than being a stranger, I left him to compose himself; he took himself out of the shop, and came back again between the hours of eight and nine, I am not particular to half an hour, it might be two hours and a half; I was behind the door, he knocked, and I asked who was there; he said, it is me; I let him in and he said, he had much difficulty in finding me only, he asked if I had parted with the beef; I took it down, and says he, I should like a piece about here, what will that weigh; I said, about twenty pounds; upon which I asked him how much he wanted; he said, about twelve pounds; I cut twelve pounds and a quarter bare weight, I did not charge him for the quarter; he said he had got ne'er a cloth; I think I said I would give him a sheet of paper; after the beef was put up, he desired me to put the price down, it came to seven shillings and sixpence; he got into conversation, and asked me whether I sold rumps of beef at the same price; he then offered to pay for the beef, and pulled out of his pocket two sixpences, two farthings, and a locket; he held one of the farthings pretty close to his eye, and said, I thought it had been half-a-guinea; he then put his money into his pocket, and pulled out a pocket-book, he opened his book, and laid it on the counter; I saw it had in it a five pound note, and another two pound note, beside the note he gave me; says he, can you change this; I said I would see; I took it to the public-house hard by, and I said, I think I have got a bad customer; I did not ask for change, but I asked for their judgment; I formed my judgement that it was a bad note; I did not offer the bad note, but I came back to the shop, and told him I could not help thinking it was a bad note; says he, God bless me! he looked at it at a distance, and said, it is a good Bank of England note; I asked him to go with me to the public-house, and one person said, the name at the bottom was not some man's hand-writing, that was all the objection they made to it; the remark I made, was, that the mark at the bottom looked newer; when we got to the public-house, the company seemed to be of opinion it was bad; I took up the five pound note which he had produced, and which I supposed to be good, and put it into my pocket, and told him, I should hold him in custody till such time as he proved where he got them. He did not give any particular account where he got them at that time; he pointed at some gentleman who knew him, and not wishing to hold an innocent man, I went to the gentleman's house, to Mr. Deputy Pinder, Ludgate-hill, he said he knew him; I went, and the gentleman was not at home; he then desired me to go to the Kings-and-keys, in Fleet-street, but I objected to his going there, my friends agreed to take him into the Hole-in-the-wall, in Fleet-street, and for him to send for
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190028"/>any person that could give an account of him, or who he was; he sent for an old gentleman, who did know him by name; there were a great many people in the house, and he made a vast complaint that I had robbed him of the notes, and that I wanted to swear his life away; and the people began to say I was doing wrong by holding the notes, and that I should have an action against me; so in consequence of that, I went up to the watch-house, and got a constable, and gave him in charge; he was taken, I believe, to the Compter; having delivered him to the constable, I left him.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the note, and say whether it is the same? - A. I have not the smallest doubt but it is the same, because I made a private mark upon it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. When he came the last time it was night? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q.And not much light in the room? - A. Only one candle on the counter.</p>
<p>Q. Was it so light that a man, where he stood, might by change take out a farthing, and suppose it to be half-a-guinea? - A. He stood as near as this to the candle.</p>
<p>Q. When you said it was a bad note, he immediately exclaimed, with a great surprise, it was a good one? - A. He said it was a good note.</p>
<p>Q. But you afterwards told him it was a bad note? - A. I did not tell him it was a bad note at first, I told him after I came back to my own house.</p>
<p>Q. He went to the public-house? - A. Yes; I would not let him do any otherways.</p>
<p>Q. Did he refuse to go? - A. No, he did not.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-20-person210"> WILLIAM BENNINGHAM
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person210" type="surname" value="BENNINGHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am the constable who took charge of the prisoner, and conveyed him to the watch-house; I searched him at the watch-house, and in the search, I found a two pound note, some gold, two guineas I believe; and afterwards I found, in a bit of a leather sob, seven duplicates, two rings, and locket; and many other things, which I had no business with; I kept the locket, the two pound note, a one pound note, and a five pound note which the butcher gave me; I cannot positively say how much money, I think it was two guineas, two half-guineas, two half-crown pieces, a shilling and a sixpence; I had the five pound note of Bunyan; the prisoner declared it was his.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go with him the next morning to Mr. Winter's house? - A. I did not; he was taken before the Lord-Mayor by another officer; he said he had a great many accomplices, and they must all swing together, and that he was a dead man; that was all he said to me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. What had you said to him before that? - A. Nothing at all.</p>
<p>Q. Were there two half-guineas upon him? - A. I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Was there one? - A. Yes, I am sure of that,
<persName id="t17990619-20-person211"> CHARLES WATTS
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person211" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person211" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. You are one of the clerks of the Bank? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that note, and tell me whether the signature of "Watts" is your hand-writing? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You are authorized to sign notes for the Bank? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. At the time you signed that, of what value was it? - A. A one pound note.</p>
<p>Q. It now appears as a two? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Is it in every respect the same as that you signed, except the value? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. What has been altered? - A. Here has been several lines taken out; the one pound notes are enclosed in straight lines, this has angles to it.</p>
<p>Q. How does the alteration of the two instead of the one appear to have been made? - A. It appears as if it was cemented in by gum, or something of that kind, one piece is put in the room of the other.</p>
<p>Mr. GARNETT TERRY sworn. - I am the engraver employed by the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, I engrave the plates for the one and two pound notes; this was a one pound note off a one pound plate.</p>
<p>Q. Do the plates of the two pound notes differ from the plates of the one? - A. They do.</p>
<p>Q. Can you, from your knowledge, guess how that has been executed? - A. A bit of paper has been gummed and cemented in, and it has been altered by a composition, either by Indian ink or common ink, not from engraving.</p>
<p>Q. The Bank-notes are always engraved? - A.They are always engraved.</p>
<p>Q. Are you prepared to say that is a forged Bank-Note? - A. I am sure of it.</p>
<p>Q.(To Mr. Watts.) Is this Mr. Willis's handwriting? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What is his Christian name? - A. I think it is John, it is his handwriting; they don't always write alike.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-20-person212"> NATHANIEL LAURIE
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person212" type="surname" value="LAURIE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person212" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-20-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Filding. Q. Are you a clerk in the house of Messrs. Winter and Kay? - A. Yes; I remember the time when the prisoner was brought to the office, I took down, at the time, what he said; he was brought on the 10th of May, and after giving an account where he served his time, and what business he followed, he said, he resided at Wandsworth, where he had resided about two years and a half; I asked him where he got the note he offered to the butcher; he said his wife took it about a fortnight ago, when he was from home, in the shop, of a Frenchman; we sent for a man of the name of Cuthbert, who had taken a bad note; his wife was in Mr. Winter's
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190029"/>house at the time, he did not know his wife was there, but when he did, he said his wife knew nothing about the note, that she had not taken it in the shop, but that he knew from whence it came, and all about it, and that he would make a confession; this was the second conversation; after Cuthbert had seen him, I told him his wife was in the office.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You had not said any thing to induce him to say this? - A. Certainly not; he said he would not make any confession except upon condition of pardon, for that he could make important discoveries, with respect to the Bank and with respect to the Post-office also, but he would not do it unless upon those terms; and if it could not be promised him now, he would reserve it when he should stand in need of it, and then he would barter for his life; he requested to see me in the prison, but he only stated to the same effect; I went with the officer and searched his house, we found a quantity of things, but I did not bring any thing away; I saw many mixtures of Indian-ink, but I did not bring them away, as I thought the prisoner was in the habit of using them in his business.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. On Thursday the 9th of May, as I was going along, I saw some meat at the prosecutor's door, I asked him the price, and walked in; it might be between seven and eight o'clock; I called again, and ordered as much as, I believe, came to seven shillings and sixpence, and he packed it up; I put my hand in my pocket and had not silver enough; I then pulled out my pocket-book, and asked him if he could give me change for a two pound note; he took it, and went away, and was gone about a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes, during which time I was talking with his wife, and if I had been conscious of guilt, I could have escaped; he returned, and said he did not believe it was a good one; I requested him to go and know the reason why they thought so, and I went with him; on coming in, I pulled the note but of my pocket-book, and some others; there was a young man took hold of the note, and said, he would positively swear it was not Charles Watts's hand-writing; upon that, I concluded he belonged to the Bank, but his appearance did not bespeak it; while the people in the house were examining the notes, he called the prosecutor to him, and said, distinctly,"stick close, stick close, a d-d snug thing;" I began to be alarmed for the safety of my notes; it was a common public-house, in the tap-room, quite in the lower order; I was recommended then to send to some creditable person who probably would give a more satisfactory account of me than I could of myself; in consequence of that, I mentioned Alderman Pinder, they said he was not an Alderman; he lived within a few doors of me when I kept a house in Pilgrim-street, and now lives at no great distance from me; upon being told he was out of town, I requested to go to Mr. Harrison's, in Fleet-street, where the Wandsworth coach goes from, and where I had sent a number of parcels; however, they refused to go there, and we went to the Hole-in-the-wall; upon that, I sent to Mr. Barrett, in Shoe-lane, and he came; there were a number of gentlemen present who conceived me to be ill-used, and they asked the prosecutor if he knew what he was about, and knew the consequence; he then declared, before the company, he had not taken me into custody; that was a second time I had an opportunity of escaping; however, the constable of the night was sent for, and I was taken to the watch-house; I was searched, and in the right-hand pocket there was found the silver he has mentioned, and two farthings, I thought there was half-a-guinea, but I had left it at home; and in my left-hand pocket was a sob, or more properly a watch-maker's bag, in that was some gold, a crown-piece, and some pawnbroker's duplicates, all wrapped up in a one pound note, just about enough, as my wife said, to pay the interest of the pledges; I had received the money having had a bill become due, they represented as if the money was separate from the other in my pocket; it was all done up in this leather sob; that money was appropriateed to get the things out of pawn; the things were taken from me, and I was had to the Compter; in the morning, I was bad to the Solicitor of the Bank,(I hope you will excuse me, because I expected the Counsel to do all this for me), who appeared a gentleman, he asked me of whom I had taken the note; I informed him my wife had taken it in the shop, of a gentleman, apparently a foreigner, that he bought a silver pencil-case; my day-book will shew the different articles and prices, and that she gave him change out of the note, and he went away. He and Laurie put a variety of curious, I may say, impertinent questions to me, to all which I cheerfully replied; after which, he mentioned several names, and asked me whether I was acquainted with a number of curious names, particularly Peake; he said, that twelve or fourteen were in custody for forgeries on the Bank; I declared I knew none of them; he talked of the liberality of the Bank, that they would provide for me and my family, if I would but bring forward my accomplices; I declared I had none; he said, it is no use to say you have no accomplices; he then went to a cupboard, and took out a parcel, and shewed me several notes, and asked me if I knew them; I did not; they said, we know; so, come, you may as well confess. I know nothing of the note now in question, or any of the others. But
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190030"/>now, come, come, you may as well confess, and provide for yourself and family for life. When I found they would not believe me, as I had told the truth, I replied, "as you know so much more of the matter than I do, you may set down what you like;" they talked of sending me away to prison, I was afraid they would not take very good care of me; and I told them, if I see how well you behave I shall come forward, and tell you something to your advantage; they would not believe any thing when I told truth. I was taken to the Compter, and was confined in a small room, or dungeon, from Friday morning to Monday noon; several times Mr. Laurie came, and I wrote several notes, which were all opened; he came to me, and said, you may as well confess, and we will take care of you and your family. On Monday morning, about noon, I was taken before the Lord-Mayor; as for the note, I know nothing more of it than that my wife took it in the shop; and as for the behaviour to my wife, it was scandalous to a degree; when I was taken into custody, I sent for a man, but he did not come; my wife was with me in Giltspur-street compter, it was about nine o'clock, I think, she went out for to get one or two people to appear for my character; at my examination she was searched in as becoming a manner as her situation required; but on her return, she was ordered into custody, and was sent to the house, by a very impertinent little scoundrel, Mr. Laurie; my feelings for myself are nothing to what I felt for her; from the office, I saw her hauled through a yard between two constables, and two or three other gentlemen, as I supposed them to be; she was shocked at the idea, and requested to have one of her own sex, as she was some time gone with child.</p>
<p>Court. That is not to the present question, I cannot hear that.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have related every thing; I should wish you to hear me out.</p>
<p>Court. As to the ill usage of your wife it is nothing to the purpose.</p>
<p>Prisoner. As for the note, my wife took it in the shop, which any tradesman here might do; I suppose a number of gentlemen on the Jury entrust their wives in their shops, and I hope they will feel for my situation; it is impossible for them to tell a good note from a bad one; she took it, and never thought of such a thing as its being bad; she did not know the man she took it of, and it is impossible to find him, he being a stranger to her.</p>
<p>The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-20-verdict116" type="verdictDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-20-defend205 t17990619-20-punish117"/> Death </rs>. (Aged 33.)</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before. Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-21-defend213" type="defendantName"> MOSES-ASHER GETTING
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<interp inst="t17990619-21-defend213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17990619-21-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> that he, on the
<rs id="t17990619-21-cd119" type="crimeDate">25th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-21-off118 t17990619-21-cd119"/>, had in his custody and possession a certain Bill of Exchange, for the payment of 307l. 5s. 6d. sterling, upon the back of which Bill of Exchange was contained a certain endorsement, as follows: "Pay the contents to Ketland Cotterill, or order, for our use."Pearsall and Pell," and that he did feloniously forge upon the back of the said Bill one other endorsement, that is to say: "Ketland Cotterill," with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17990619-21-victim214" type="victimName"> John-Henry Schneider
<interp inst="t17990619-21-victim214" type="surname" value="Schneider"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-21-off118 t17990619-21-victim214"/> </persName> . And he was also charged with having uttered it, and published it, knowing it to be forged </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-21-person215"> RICHARD HOLLIER
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person215" type="surname" value="HOLLIER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person215" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On the 25th of April last, I received a warrant from the Lord-Mayor, who ordered me, and Mr. Holdsworth, to proceed to Gravesend to execute it; we went down in the evening, and arrived at Gravesend about nine o'clock; I went to the Post-master, and shewed him the letter I had in my possession, addressed"Ketland Cotterill, to be left at the Post-office, Gravesend." I explained to him the business; in consequence of that, Mr. Holdsworth and I went there about eight o'clock the next morning, the time the bags were to be opened; we there waited in a room behind the Post-office, which had a window that looked into the Post-office, till near twelve o'clock; nobody having called, and thinking it would not be right to stay from London any longer, I sent Mr. Holdsworth to the Mayor, to get the warrant endorsed and made special; while he was gone, the prisoner at the bar came in, a few minutes before twelve; he asked the Post-master something, what he said I don't know; I apprehended him, and found this pocket-book, which contained a letter, I marked it; this is the letter; in that letter there was a bill for 400l. which is not in this indictment; I then asked him what he had done with the bill which that letter contained, and with the letter which this bill was contained in; he told me the letter this bill was contained in he had destroyed; but as to the bill that was contained in that letter, which I found in his pocket, for 307l. 5s. 6d. he shook his head, and said, "I have done very wrong, but my heart is not so bad." We took him into custody, and brought him to London, and lodged him in the Compter; I asked him how it came in his poffession; I said nothing to induce him to tell me; he said, it was entrusted to him, with several others, by some merchants at New-York, desiring him to put them into the Post-office as soon as he arrived in England; except that, he said, he had put some of them into the Post-office; he said nothing else respecting the bill to me.</p>
<p>- HOLDSWORTH sworn. - At twelve o'clock I went to the Mayor at Gravesend, I was not present
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190031"/>when the prisoner was apprehended; I saw him in custody, and the other Marshal said to me, keep him in custody, while I go on board a vessel at anchor off the town, where he has a chest on board, I will get it on shore; I did not say any thing to induce him to tell me, but when he was alone with me, he said, with the accent of a foreigner, "I have done wrong, I have wrote a name not my own, let me go, and I will leave England immediately, and never enter it again; if I stay, I know I shall hang," that is all he said; I heard nothing more, except in the course of our passage to town, he observed, he found the letter that the bill was inclosed in on the cabin floor of the vessel; I won't swear he said on the cabin floor, but that he found it in the cabin I will say he told me on my oath; I was present at the examination before the Lord-Mayor, which was taken in writing.(Letter read.)</p>
<p>Addressed to Messrs. Ketland, Cotterill, and Son,</p>
<p>Merchants, Birmingham.</p>
<p>New-York, 12th March, 1799.</p>
<p>Respected Friends,</p>
<p>We wrote you on the 11th January, to which refer. We now inclose you Samuel Corp's bill, on William Rowlett and Company, London, for 307l. 5s. 6d. sterling, which, when in cash, post to our credit, and advise us. We are, with respect, your friends, Pearsall and Pell.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-21-person216"> HENRY SCHNEIDER
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person216" type="surname" value="SCHNEIDER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person216" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Q.Did you receive a letter on the 25th of April last? - A. I did, from Gravesend; this bill was enclosed in it; when I opened the letter, and saw a bill, and did not know the persons, I was surprised, and to receive a letter from a name I did not know; the indorsement was so different, I determined to have nothing to do with it: I gave the letter and bill to my clerk to enquire whether it was a real name or not.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-21-person217"> WILLIAM MOUNT
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person217" type="surname" value="MOUNT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person217" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am clerk to Mr. Schneider, and received that bill from him, and took it to Ketland and Cotterill's accompting-house, and delivered it to Mr. Thompson, their clerk.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-21-person218"> WILLIAM THOMPSON
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person218" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person218" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I received that bill and letter, I put no mark upon it, I think it is the same; the last witness did not leave any other that day; I left it upon Mr. Ketland's desk, and it remained there till he came home.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-21-person219"> JAMES KETLAND
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person219" type="surname" value="KETLAND"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person219" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. Are you one of the firm of Ketland, Cotterill, and Son? - A. No, by no means, only brother.</p>
<p>Q. Did you receive that letter from your clerk? - A. I did not, it lay upon my desk; the moment I came in, and this bill and letter were delivered to me, I discovered it to be a forgery, knowing the hand-writing of all the parties; I am in the habit of corresponding with them, and know their hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the hand-writing of Mr. Ketland, or Mr. Cotterill, or the son? - A. No, it is not.</p>
<p>Q. Do they accept bills in the way that is accepted, or endorse them in the way that is endorsed? - A. Never; I never knew an instance of it.</p>
<p>Q. Upon discovery what did you do? - A. I went to Rowlett and Co. upon whom the bill is drawn; I went to Mr. Schneider afterwards; and then I went before the Lord-Mayor, and got a warrant.</p>
<p>Q. The indorsement is, "Pay to Ketland, Cotterill, and Son," - there is an erasure of "and Son" - The very first moment you saw it, did it appear as it is now? - A. Exactly as it is now.</p>
<p>Q. It never appeared Ketland, Cotterill, and Son, at full, without erasure? - A. They were the correspondents; it immediately alarmed me, from knowing there is no such firm.</p>
<p>Q. You cannot say there is no such man as Ketland Cotterill? - A. I never heard of one.</p>
<p>- sworn. - I am clerk to Mr. Walsh, at Gravesend, who is inspector of the aliens. The prisoner arrived on the 23d of April; he came on the 23d, and I had some conversation with him; he asked me to be so kind as to write a letter for him; I asked him whether he could not do it for himself; he told me he could not write English; I asked him what he wanted to write; he told me he had a Bill of Exchange, which he wanted to be accepted and discounted; I asked him to whom; he would not send it; he told me he did not know yet; I asked how much it was; he told me, 307l. 5s. 6d. I wrote the letter for him, this is the letter I wrote, I did not write the direction; it is addressed to Mr. Schneider, I see; I don't know who signed it, that is all that passed.(Letter read).</p>
<p>Gravesend, 24 April, 1799.</p>
<p>Addressed to Messrs. Schneider and Co. London.</p>
<p>Sir, I take the liberty to send you the inclosed bill of 307l. 5s. 6d. to get it accepted as soon as you please, and as I am in want of cash, I shall be obliged to you to get it discounted, and remit me the cash and your answer, directed to me at the Post-office. I am, Sir, your humble servant,</p>
<p>Ketland Cotterill.(Bill read)</p>
<p>No. Excha. £. 307. 5s. 6d. sterling.</p>
<p>New-York, 12 March, 1799.</p>
<p>Sixty days after fight of this first by exchange,&cc. pay Pearsall and Pell, or order, 307l. 5s 6d. sterling, for value received, and charge the same to account, with or without advice, to your humble servant, Samuel Corp.</p>
<p>To Messrs. Rowlett and Co. merchants, London.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190032"/>(Endorsed). Pay the contents to Ketland Cotterill, or order, for our use, Pearsall and Pell.(Endorsed again). Ketland Cotterill.</p>
<p>THOMAS JOHNSTON sworn. - I act as Postmaster, at Gravesend; I once saw the prisoner at the bar before; he applied to me on the 25th of April to know if there was a letter addressed to Ketland Cotterill, to be left at the Post-office; I had one in my possession at that time, delivered to me by Mr. Hollier; I told him, if he would walk in, I would look; when he came in, I bolted the door, and made a signal we had agreed on before he came, and took him; I heard him say, after he had been searched, he was very much afraid that for the crime he had committed, he should hang up.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I know nothing about the business.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp contended, that the charge could not affect the prisoner, inasmuch as there was no evidence that the bill was not endorsed as it stands at present by the drawers at New-York, but the objection was over-ruled by the Court.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>LYON LEMAN, a German, sworn. - Examined by means of an Interpreter. Q.Whether he resides at Hamburgh? - A. I dwell in Hamburgh; I have known the prisoner and his father during the whole time I have lived in Hamburgh, twelve years; that young man had always an honest name.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of his having been afflicted with any disorder in his senses at any time? - A. I heard he was deranged in his mind; I heard he had been attended by physicians.</p>
<p>Q. Is he a young man of respectable connections?</p>
<p>Mr. Schneider. I admit he is a young man of very respectable connections.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-21-person220"> MEYER RAYENA
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person220" type="surname" value="RAYENA"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person220" type="given" value="MEYER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-21-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by an Interpreter. Q. How long has he known that young man at the bar at Hamburgh? - A. From eight to nine years; I never heard any thing to his disadvantage, but always favourable.</p>
<p>Q. Whether he knows of his having had the misfortune to be disordered in his senses at any time? - A. I am perfectly convinced of it.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it? - A. Once, in a walk at Hamburgh, I saw a number of people collected, and I asked what was the matter; I went to the crowd, and saw this young man between them, and some people holding him fast, because he wanted to jump over into the water, called the Elster; he was about jumping into the river.</p>
<p>Q. Did he appear to be a person deranged in his senses? - A. He did, and it was generally so known.</p>
<p>Q. Whether you know of his having been attended by physicians to cure him? - A. I believe he was, and if I recollect well, one of the physicians' name was Wolse.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. I have the certificate of Dr. Wolse.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago was it that he was in that situation? - A. I cannot determine; it is about three years ago that he was under the care of physicians; it is about two or three years since I have seen him.</p>
<p>Q. Whether he was not sent to New-York for the benefit of the sea air? - A. His father and me being neighbours in the country, his father complained-</p>
<p>Court. That is hear-say evidence.</p>
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<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p>
<p>The Jury, Mr. Schneider, and Mr. Ketland, recommended the prisoner to mercy, on account of the probability of his being insane.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17990619-22-defend222" type="defendantName"> JOHN BOSELY
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<interp inst="t17990619-22-off122" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-off122" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-22-cd123" type="crimeDate">27th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-22-off122 t17990619-22-cd123"/>, two silver gravy spoons, value 42s. the property of
<persName id="t17990619-22-victim224" type="victimName"> Henry Salter
<interp inst="t17990619-22-victim224" type="surname" value="Salter"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-victim224" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-victim224" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-22-off122 t17990619-22-victim224"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-22-person225"> HENRY SALTER
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person225" type="surname" value="SALTER"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person225" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17990619-22-viclabel124" type="occupation">Custom-house lighterman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-22-victim224 t17990619-22-viclabel124"/>; I keep a house in
<placeName id="t17990619-22-crimeloc125">Hill-street, Upper Clapton</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-crimeloc125" type="placeName" value="Hill-street, Upper Clapton"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-crimeloc125" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-22-off122 t17990619-22-crimeloc125"/>; these things were stolen from my house; the prisoner was a stranger to me; I was going home to dinner between four and five in the afternoon; I met the prisoner at the bar coming out of my fore-gate, which leads to my house; I asked him what business he had inside the gate; he told me, he came to sell some marking-irons; at that time the outer door was open, and the parlour door was open; I had a suspicion that he had been after no good; there was nobody in the parlour; I desired somebody to be called from down stairs immediately, to see if there was any thing gone from the side-board, and I missed two silver gravy-spoons from thence; my servants saw the man go out; I soon alarmed the neighbourhood, and suspected the prisoner to be the thief; I searched for the prisoner, but could not find him directly, and, in a little time after, he was brought to my house, and the spoons I had lost produced to me. I gave him in charge to a peace-officer, together with the spoons, to be produced in this Court at the time of trial.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-22-person226"> ELIZABETH HICKS
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person226" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person226" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person226" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I keep a chandler's shop, in New-street, Hackney; the prisoner came to my shop, and asked for some beer, and while I was engaged in drawing him some, I turned round, and hearing a rattling noise, I observed the prisoner to have put something into his pocket; a child came into the shop at the time, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190033"/>told me that Mr. Salter's house had been robbed; I looked again at the prisoner with more attention than before; I observed the handle of one of the spoons sticking out of his pocket; he then turned his back to me, as if meaning to go to the door; I observed him gently to lay down the spoons; at that instant a Mrs. Cave, a lodger of mine, was coming in, met the prisoner at the door; she was beginning to tell me of the robbery; I shrieked out for assistance; Mrs. Cave stopped him at the door, and, by the aid of the neighbours, the prisoner was apprehended.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-22-person227"> JANE CAVE
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person227" type="surname" value="CAVE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person227" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person227" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a lodger in the house kept by the former witness; as I was going home, I heard that Mr. Salter's house had been robbed; I met the prisoner at the door of her house, and stopped him; there were many of the neighbours soon about the door, who lent their assistance to apprehend the prisoner; I took the spoons, and the prisoner; in his way thither, he was sorry, he said, that he had taken them, and that he was distressed.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-22-person228"> RICHARD YATES
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person228" type="surname" value="YATES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person228" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable,(produces the spoons); I received them from Mr. Salter at the time he sent for me to take charge of the prisoner, on the 27th of May; I have kept them from that time to this; I was sent for between four and five o'clock.</p>
<p>Court. (To Prosecutor.) Q. Can you swear to the spoons now produced? - A. I can; I am quite sure they are mine; I can safely swear to them; they cost me two guineas.</p>
<p>JAMES HUGGINS sworn. - I saw these very spoons on the side-board in the prosecutor's house at a quarter after four in the afternoon of the 27th of May; I saw the man go out at the gate.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I am sorry for it, distress drove me to it.</p>
<p>GUILTY (Aged 20.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-22-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-22-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-22-verdict126" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> stealing to the value of 39s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17990619-22-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-22-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-22-defend222 t17990619-22-punish127"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-23">
<interp inst="t17990619-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-23-off128-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-23-defend229 t17990619-23-off128 t17990619-23-verdict131"/>
<persName id="t17990619-23-defend229" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH NEWLAND
<interp inst="t17990619-23-defend229" type="surname" value="NEWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-defend229" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-defend229" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-defend229" type="age" value="24"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-23-off128" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-23-off128" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-off128" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-23-cd129" type="crimeDate">11th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-23-off128 t17990619-23-cd129"/> last, a chesnut gelding, value 2l. 2s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-23-victim231" type="victimName"> Thomas Parry
<interp inst="t17990619-23-victim231" type="surname" value="Parry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-victim231" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-victim231" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-23-off128 t17990619-23-victim231"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17990619-23-viclabel130" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-23-victim231 t17990619-23-viclabel130"/> </p>
<persName id="t17990619-23-person232"> SAMUEL JENNINGS
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person232" type="surname" value="JENNINGS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person232" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am coachman to
<persName id="t17990619-23-person233"> Thomas Parry
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person233" type="surname" value="Parry"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person233" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq.; the horse was pasturing in a field nearly adjoining to the house of the prosecutor: On Saturday, the 11th of May last, I saw the horse there at eleven o'clock in the day; between ten and eleven o'clock that evening, I heard the horse neigh; at six o'clock the next morning I missed the horse, he was gone; I went directly and searched round the field for a track, where he could be supposed to have gone over, as I imagined he might have broken pasture, and, by searching, found out a place where he had been taken over a ditch of about two yards, or two yards and a half wide; and, on Monday following, between two and three o'clock in the afternoon, I saw the horse at Queen-square-office; a Mr. Minton had him, who apprehended the prisoner, and detained the horse.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-23-person234"> RICHARD MINTON
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person234" type="surname" value="MINTON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person234" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a horse slaughterer, I live in Tothill-fields; I know the prisoner at the bar; he came to me on Sunday, the 12th of of May last, about seven o'clock in the morning; he said, master, I have got a horse for you, this was a chesnut horse; I asked him where he got it; he said, he bought it at Staines-fair, and that it did not signify, if I would not have the horse, somebody else would; I said to him, you are a thief, as he refused to bring some man of credit to vouch for his having come honestly by him, as I desired; I therefore had the prisoner confined, and took him to Queen-square-office the next day, with the horse.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-23-person235"> JOHN BARTON
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person235" type="surname" value="BARTON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person235" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-23-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was present when the prisoner brought the horse for sale to Mr. Minton; I know nothing more of this matter than what the former witness has sworn to.</p>
<p>The prisoner did not say any thing in his defence.
<rs id="t17990619-23-verdict131" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-23-verdict131" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17990619-23-punish132" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-23-punish132" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-23-defend229 t17990619-23-punish132"/> Death </rs>. (Aged 24.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-24-off133-c200" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-24-defend237 t17990619-24-off133 t17990619-24-verdict137"/>
<persName id="t17990619-24-defend237" type="defendantName"> PATRICK MORAN
<interp inst="t17990619-24-defend237" type="surname" value="MORAN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-defend237" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-defend237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-24-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-24-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-24-cd134" type="crimeDate">3d of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-24-off133 t17990619-24-cd134"/>, seventy-seven pieces of copper money called halfpence </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17990619-24-victim239" type="victimName"> William M'Grath
<interp inst="t17990619-24-victim239" type="surname" value="M'Grath"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-victim239" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-victim239" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-24-off133 t17990619-24-victim239"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-24-person240"> WILLIAM
<interp inst="t17990619-24-person240" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'GRATH sworn. - I lost some halfpence between one and two o'clock in the morning; I am a
<rs id="t17990619-24-viclabel135" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-24-victim239 t17990619-24-viclabel135"/>, and keep
<placeName id="t17990619-24-crimeloc136">the Marlborough-head, Shadwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-crimeloc136" type="placeName" value="the Marlborough-head, Shadwell"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-crimeloc136" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-24-off133 t17990619-24-crimeloc136"/>: On Sunday the 3d of June, my wife heard a noise in the bar, between one and two o'clock; I got up and found the bar-door open, and the prisoner's shoes at the bar, I knew them to be his shoes; I went to his bed-chamber, for he lodged in the house, and found him in bed with his stockings, waistcoat, and neck-handkerchief on; I got up my other lodger, and in his coat-pocket I found to the value of three shillings and two-pence halfpenny; there were no shoes in the bed-chamber; we took him to the watch-house without shoes; I know his shoes very well, he had no other; I lost my halfpence out of the till, I did not count them, but I know there was not near the number I left in at night; I had seen them at night; after taking him before the Justice, and being committed, I found four shillingsworth between the bed and the tick.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190034"/>
<persName id="t17990619-24-person241"> JOSEPH PINLOTT
<interp inst="t17990619-24-person241" type="surname" value="PINLOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-person241" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-24-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a ballast working man on the River, the prisoner was a lodger: I saw the money taken out of his pocket, he did not say how he came by it; I held the money myself; I did not see it taken from the bed, the gentleman went up stairs himself and took it from under the bed.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I am innocent; and I hope I am innocent in the eyes of the present Lord Judge, and the honourable Court; I had received sixteen shillings and fourpence, for my week's wages, on the Sunday; I paid a trifle that was owing to his wife, and the rest I had a right to do as I liked with.</p>
<p>Q.(To Pinlott.) Do you know whether he had any shoes? - A. He had no shoes when he went to the watch-house.</p>
<p>Q. Was he dressed in any part? - A. He had his coat, breeches, and his waistcoat on.</p>
<p>Prisoner. One says I lay in my coat, waistcoat, and breeches, and the other says I lay with my coat off.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-24-verdict137" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-24-verdict137" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-25-off138-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-defend243 t17990619-25-off138 t17990619-25-verdict142"/>
<persName id="t17990619-25-defend243" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH ALLEN
<interp inst="t17990619-25-defend243" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-defend243" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-defend243" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-defend243" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-25-off138" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-25-off138" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-off138" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-25-cd139" type="crimeDate">21st of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-off138 t17990619-25-cd139"/>, three dimity petticoats, value 5s. two calico petticoats, value 2s. and an apron value 8d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-25-victim244" type="victimName"> James Jordan
<interp inst="t17990619-25-victim244" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-victim244" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-victim244" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-off138 t17990619-25-victim244"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-25-person245"> MARY JORDAN
<interp inst="t17990619-25-person245" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-person245" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-person245" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - My husband is a
<rs id="t17990619-25-viclabel140" type="occupation">green-grocer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-victim244 t17990619-25-viclabel140"/>, in
<placeName id="t17990619-25-crimeloc141">Russell-street, Bloomsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-crimeloc141" type="placeName" value="Russell-street, Bloomsbury"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-crimeloc141" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-off138 t17990619-25-crimeloc141"/>: I know nothing of the prisoner any more than detecting her with the linen. It was taken out of the kitchen last Tuesday, I saw it just before; I had been looking up the linen for washing; it is here; I went into the room adjoining the shop, and I thought I heard the door go; I went to the head of the stairs, and saw the prisoner with these things in her apron, I saw her at the kitchen-door; she came out, and shut the door after her, but had not taken her hand from the door; I went down and asked her what business she had there, and what she had in her lap; she said, why; what business had she? I told her I did not know she had any; I asked her what she had in her lap; she said, why; what had she? I said, I supposed she had something of mine; she said, she had nothing of mine; I insisted upon seeing; I took hold of her, and called out for a person who lodges in the first floor. She was apprehended; I took the things from her, they are my property, they are the same things, I had seen them before; my house is a lodging-house. She told me they were not mine; but afterwards she did not say any thing about it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I have several times been at the house to see a lodger, but as to the property I know nothing about it.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-25-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-25-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 30.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-25-punish143" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-25-punish143" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-punish143" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-defend243 t17990619-25-punish143"/> Confined six months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-25-punish144" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-25-punish144" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-25-punish144" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-25-defend243 t17990619-25-punish144"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-26-off145-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-defend247 t17990619-26-off145 t17990619-26-verdict149"/>
<persName id="t17990619-26-defend247" type="defendantName"> JOHN BISHOP
<interp inst="t17990619-26-defend247" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-defend247" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-defend247" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-defend247" type="age" value="31"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-26-off145" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-26-off145" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-off145" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-26-cd146" type="crimeDate">14th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-off145 t17990619-26-cd146"/>, one two-penny-piece, and fifteen penny-pieces </rs>, the monies of
<persName id="t17990619-26-victim249" type="victimName"> James Trigg
<interp inst="t17990619-26-victim249" type="surname" value="Trigg"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-victim249" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-victim249" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-off145 t17990619-26-victim249"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-26-person250"> JAMES TRIGG
<interp inst="t17990619-26-person250" type="surname" value="TRIGG"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-person250" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live at
<placeName id="t17990619-26-crimeloc147">Hackney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-crimeloc147" type="placeName" value="Hackney"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-crimeloc147" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-off145 t17990619-26-crimeloc147"/>, and am a
<rs id="t17990619-26-viclabel148" type="occupation">shoe-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-victim249 t17990619-26-viclabel148"/>: I had some copper coin stolen from me by the prisoner, who is a lodger at my house, he took them from a drawer behind the counter; I saw them on the same day, I cannot tell what time it was, it was in the morning; he came in to dinner a little after twelve, I was at the door talking with a person; I turned round accidentally and he was behind the counter, and his hand at the drawer, I cannot say whether the drawer was open or shut, it was not locked, there was money in it; the instant I opened the door he jumped from the drawer about two yards and a half, he had the penny-pieces and twopenny-piece in his hand, there were fifteen penny-pieces and one two-penny-piece, I did not count the money afterwards; he said, he hoped I would forgive him, for that he wanted to buy some pork.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-26-person251"> JOHN SHEPHERD
<interp inst="t17990619-26-person251" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-person251" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an officer, I apprehended the prisoner on the 14th of May, between twelve and one o'clock, and I had charge given me of fifteen penny-pieces and one two-penny-piece, which Mr. Trigg said he had taken from the prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I have nobody to speak for me, I worked there a good while.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-26-verdict149" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-26-verdict149" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 31.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-26-punish150" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-26-punish150" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-punish150" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-defend247 t17990619-26-punish150"/> Confined six months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-26-punish151" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-26-punish151" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-26-punish151" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-26-defend247 t17990619-26-punish151"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-27">
<interp inst="t17990619-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-27-off152-c211" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-defend253 t17990619-27-off152 t17990619-27-verdict156"/>
<persName id="t17990619-27-defend253" type="defendantName"> MARGARET COLLINS
<interp inst="t17990619-27-defend253" type="surname" value="COLLINS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-defend253" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-defend253" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-27-off152" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-27-off152" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-off152" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-27-cd153" type="crimeDate">4th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-off152 t17990619-27-cd153"/>, two pewter quart pots, value 2s. 4d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-27-victim254" type="victimName"> Job Watkins
<interp inst="t17990619-27-victim254" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-victim254" type="given" value="Job"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-victim254" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-off152 t17990619-27-victim254"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>JOB WATKINS sworn. - I
<rs id="t17990619-27-viclabel154" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17990619-27-crimeloc155">the Bricklayer's-arms, in Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-crimeloc155" type="placeName" value="the Bricklayer's-arms, in Whitechapel"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-crimeloc155" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-off152 t17990619-27-crimeloc155"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-victim254 t17990619-27-viclabel154"/>: I lost two pewter quart pots on the 4th of June; about three o'clock the prisoner came in, and called for a pint of beer, and sat down in a box, and staid for half an hour; the went out then, and she was gone about twenty minutes, or half an hour, and returned again; she called for nothing the second time she came, and all the people were out of the room, only one
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190035"/>woman, whom she pretended to know, and wanted to borrow a halfpenny for tobacco; there was a quart pot standing upon the table, she went out again immediately; the woman that was in the room came to the bar, and said, that woman has got the pot, but don't use her ill, or hurt her; I followed her twenty yards, and under her cloak I found the pot, my name is not upon it; I bought them of the man I took the house of, and his name is upon them; I brought her back, and she said, she was going for some milk, that the woman told her to take it; I said, why did not you get it at the door, for the pails were at the door; this is only one pot; I sent for an officer to take her; I had a suspicion she had taken another, and the Magistrate said, if I had a suspicion he would send an officer to see; I went with him, and found a pot concealed under the bed, with another man's name: I am sure they are both my pots, I missed them both.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-27-person255"> JOHN KNOWLAND
<interp inst="t17990619-27-person255" type="surname" value="KNOWLAND"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-person255" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I went, in company with that man, and found this pot under the pallet that lay on the floor.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I say that he is wronging me; I had many a pint and pot of beer from him my child used to fetch and carry; I was a poor woman that used to work for a bit of bread for my fatherless child; that woman told me she would give me three half-pence to carry a pint of milk over the way, I took the pot to carry it in, and he followed me, and said I was stealing the pot.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-27-verdict156" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-27-verdict156" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-27-punish157" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-27-punish157" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-punish157" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-defend253 t17990619-27-punish157"/> Confined one year in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17990619-27-punish158" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-27-punish158" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-27-punish158" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-27-defend253 t17990619-27-punish158"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-28">
<interp inst="t17990619-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-28-off159-c214" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-28-defend257 t17990619-28-off159 t17990619-28-verdict163"/>
<persName id="t17990619-28-defend257" type="defendantName"> JOHN CLAYTON
<interp inst="t17990619-28-defend257" type="surname" value="CLAYTON"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-defend257" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-defend257" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-defend257" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-28-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-28-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-28-cd160" type="crimeDate">20th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-28-off159 t17990619-28-cd160"/>, one wooden till, value 2s. 6d. and 3s. 5d. the goods, and monies numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17990619-28-victim258" type="victimName"> John Argent
<interp inst="t17990619-28-victim258" type="surname" value="Argent"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-victim258" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-victim258" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-28-off159 t17990619-28-victim258"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-28-person259"> MARY ARGENT
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person259" type="surname" value="ARGENT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person259" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person259" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I am the wife of the prosecutor, who is a
<rs id="t17990619-28-viclabel161" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-28-victim258 t17990619-28-viclabel161"/> at
<placeName id="t17990619-28-crimeloc162">Mile-end-green</placeName>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-crimeloc162" type="placeName" value="Mile-end-green"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-crimeloc162" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-28-off159 t17990619-28-crimeloc162"/>: It is about ten years since I had knowledge of the prisoner; the till was lost between the hours of seven and eight o'clock in the evening, on the 20th of May; we keep a chandler's-shop; I was sitting in a room adjoining the shop and heard the rattling of halfpence, I jumped up, and the prisoner was going out at the door with the till in his hand; I made the alarm of stop thief, and
<persName id="t17990619-28-person260"> Charles Groves
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person260" type="surname" value="Groves"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person260" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> stopped him; I don't know the sum of money in the till, there was some money dropped out; we had three shillings and five pence back in it, but the money flew out as he run with it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Am I the person that took it? - A. I did not see him take it from the counter, but I saw him with it in his hand.</p>
<persName id="t17990619-28-person261"> CHARLES GROVES
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person261" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person261" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-28-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - A stranger stopped the prisoner; I heard the cry of stop thief, and I came up and stopped him; he had the till in his hand, and money in it, halfpence and silver; I went up to him and he flung the till at me, and made his escape through a public-house; I pursued him to the back of the fields, and a stranger coming along stopped him, and I took him back again.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Am I the man you took? - A. That is the man.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I have no more to say.</p>
<rs id="t17990619-28-verdict163" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-28-verdict163" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 21.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-28-punish164" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-28-punish164" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-28-defend257 t17990619-28-punish164"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17990619-29">
<interp inst="t17990619-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29" type="year" value="1799"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17990619"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-29-off165-c219" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-29-defend263 t17990619-29-off165 t17990619-29-verdict169"/>
<persName id="t17990619-29-defend263" type="defendantName"> JOHN CUMMINS
<interp inst="t17990619-29-defend263" type="surname" value="CUMMINS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-defend263" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-defend263" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-defend263" type="age" value="27"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-29-off165" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-29-off165" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-off165" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-29-cd166" type="crimeDate">3d of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-29-off165 t17990619-29-cd166"/>, two silver table-spoons, value 15s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-29-victim264" type="victimName"> Alexander M'Neale
<interp inst="t17990619-29-victim264" type="surname" value="M'Neale"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-victim264" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-victim264" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-29-off165 t17990619-29-victim264"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17990619-29-viclabel167" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-29-victim264 t17990619-29-viclabel167"/> </p>
<persName id="t17990619-29-person265"> MARY BATEMAN
<interp inst="t17990619-29-person265" type="surname" value="BATEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-person265" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-person265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I was in the service of Mr. M'Neale at the time this was stolen; Mr. M'Neale is a
<rs id="t17990619-29-viclabel168" type="occupation">captain in the 18th light dragoons</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-29-victim264 t17990619-29-viclabel168"/>; the corporal brought the prisoner to see if he approved of him, but he was not at home; the young man waited for the captain to see him; I had to go up stairs about my business; there is a closet in the kitchen, where we keep the plate I had in the kitchen; the closet was never locked up, only kept a-jar; I did not miss them till the corporal came; the prisoner took two out; the corporal said, he had a suspicion, for, he said, he saw him take a spoon out of his pocket in the street; I had seen them in the morning about eight o'clock; the prisoner was in the kitchen from about half past eleven till near one; I did not miss them till I was asked if I had my plate right, about seven o'clock in the evening.</p>
<p>THOMAS DEKNIGHT sworn. - I am a constable in the parish of St. James; I had the spoons from corporal Hazard, and have kept them ever since.</p>
<p>WILLIAM HAZARD sworn. - I took a part of a spoon from the prisoner, and part I found in the privy; I took that with the crest upon it out of his pocket; this is the handle of a spoon: on the 3d of June, towards the evening, after I had been at the prosecutor's, about seven o'clock in the evening, I found it in the privy below at the George, in the Haymarket; the prisoner had been there that day about last an hour before I found it. (The spoons were sworn to by
<persName id="t17990619-29-person266"> Mary Baseman
<interp inst="t17990619-29-person266" type="surname" value="Baseman"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-person266" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-29-person266" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ).</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. I would wish to ask him whether he took my clothes away or not out of the room; he says, he found the spoon in my pocket; he took my clothes out of the room while I was a bed? - A. We found them in his pocket, when
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179906190036"/>he was in bed, he saw us take them out; his clothes had not been taken out of the room.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. They took my clothes out of the room, and brought them back again, and said, I had stolen two spoons; I know nothing of them; I happened to he drunk, and that serjeant enlisted me; it is all out of spite; the captain approved of me, and they took me before a Justice, in Queen-square. and he would not swear me in, because he said I was drunk, and wished me to go to bed; they took the clothes out of the room when I went to bed, and, in the course of an hour or two, told me I had taken the spoons.</p>
<p>Q.(To Hazard.) Did he go to bed before the property was found upon him? - A. That part of the spoon was taken out of his pocket before he went to bed.
<rs id="t17990619-29-verdict169" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-29-verdict169" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 27.)</p>
<rs id="t17990619-29-punish170" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-29-punish170" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-29-defend263 t17990619-29-punish170"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17990619-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<interp inst="t17990619-30" type="date" value="17990619"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17990619-30-off171-c223" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-30-defend268 t17990619-30-off171 t17990619-30-verdict174"/>
<persName id="t17990619-30-defend268" type="defendantName"> ROBERT DEATH
<interp inst="t17990619-30-defend268" type="surname" value="DEATH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-defend268" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-defend268" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-defend268" type="age" value="26"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17990619-30-off171" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17990619-30-off171" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-off171" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17990619-30-cd172" type="crimeDate">11th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17990619-30-off171 t17990619-30-cd172"/>, two pounds three quarters of sugar, value 2s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17990619-30-victim269" type="victimName"> Benjamin Severn
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim269" type="surname" value="Severn"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim269" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17990619-30-victim270" type="victimName"> Robert Smith
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim270" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim270" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17990619-30-victim271" type="victimName"> Thomas Cox
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim271" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim271" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-victim271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17990619-30-person272"> THOMAS BIDDULPH
<interp inst="t17990619-30-person272" type="surname" value="BIDDULPH"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-person272" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17990619-30-person272" type="gender" value="male"/