<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery FOR THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL, IN THE OLD-BAILEY, On WEDNESDAY, the 23d of MAY, 1798, and the following Days, BEING THE FIFTH SESSION IN THE MAYORALTY OF The Right Hon. Sir JOHN WILLIAM ANDERSON, BART.
<persName id="f17980523-1-person1"> WILLIAM RAMSEY
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person1" type="surname" value="RAMSEY"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , AND Published by Authority.</p>
<p>LONDON: Printed and published by W. WILSON, No. 15, St. Peter's-Hill, Little Knight-Rider-Street, Doctors' Commons.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, &C.</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN WILLIAM ANDERSON
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person2" type="surname" value="WILLIAM ANDERSON"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person2" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Bart. Lord Mayor of the CITY of LONDON; Sir
<persName id="f17980523-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> NASH GROSE
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person3" type="surname" value="GROSE"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person3" type="given" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knight, one of the Justices of His Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; Sir
<persName id="f17980523-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN WILLIAM ROSE
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person4" type="surname" value="WILLIAM ROSE"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knight, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="f17980523-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN SILVESTER
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person5" type="surname" value="SILVESTER"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Common-Serjeant at Law of the said City; and others, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the CITY of LONDON, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of NEWGATE, holden for the said City and County of MIDDLESEX.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person6" type="jurorName"> John Gresham
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person6" type="surname" value="Gresham"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person6" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Samuel Peyton
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person7" type="surname" value="Peyton"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person7" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Halsey
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person8" type="surname" value="Halsey"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person8" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Thomas Huntley
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person9" type="surname" value="Huntley"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person9" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Thomas Perrin
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person10" type="surname" value="Perrin"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person10" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Rutt
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person11" type="surname" value="Rutt"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person11" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Adam Blackwell
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person12" type="surname" value="Blackwell"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person12" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Clementson
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person13" type="surname" value="Clementson"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Robert Nelson
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person14" type="surname" value="Nelson"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person14" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Richard Ware
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person15" type="surname" value="Ware"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person15" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person16" type="jurorName"> James Halbird
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person16" type="surname" value="Halbird"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person16" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Taylor
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person17" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person18" type="jurorName"> James Crompton
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person18" type="surname" value="Crompton"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person18" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Edward Rymer
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person19" type="surname" value="Rymer"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person19" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Dennis Jacob
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person20" type="surname" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person20" type="given" value="Dennis"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person21" type="jurorName"> John Grant
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person21" type="surname" value="Grant"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person21" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person22" type="jurorName"> William Hale
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person22" type="surname" value="Hale"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person22" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Cornelius Connell
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person23" type="surname" value="Connell"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person23" type="given" value="Cornelius"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Francis Bristow
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person24" type="surname" value="Bristow"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person24" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Charles Fourdrinier
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person25" type="surname" value="Fourdrinier"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person25" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Charles Hill
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person26" type="surname" value="Hill"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person26" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person27" type="jurorName"> John Stevenson
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person27" type="surname" value="Stevenson"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person27" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Levis Ransom
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person28" type="surname" value="Ransom"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person28" type="given" value="Levis"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person28" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Thomas-Courtney Devenish
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person29" type="surname" value="Devenish"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person29" type="given" value="Thomas-Courtney"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person29" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Robert Randall
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person30" type="surname" value="Randall"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person30" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Richard Thomas
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person31" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person31" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Thomas Rowling
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person32" type="surname" value="Rowling"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person32" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Isaac Brown
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person33" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person33" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person34" type="jurorName"> John Thompson
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person34" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person34" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person35" type="jurorName"> William Woodhouse
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person35" type="surname" value="Woodhouse"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person35" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Isaac Kendall
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person36" type="surname" value="Kendall"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person36" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Robert Battersby
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person37" type="surname" value="Battersby"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person37" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person38" type="jurorName"> James Masters
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person38" type="surname" value="Masters"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person38" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Richard-Rowley Watkins
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person39" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person39" type="given" value="Richard-Rowley"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person39" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person40" type="jurorName"> William Paskall
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person40" type="surname" value="Paskall"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person40" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17980523-1-person41" type="jurorName"> Thomas Conway
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person41" type="surname" value="Conway"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person41" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17980523-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230003"/>351.
<persName id="t17980523-1-defend43" type="defendantName"> MARY SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-1-defend43" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-defend43" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-defend43" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-1-off1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">13th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-1-off1 t17980523-1-cd2"/>, a silk handkerchief, value 2s. a silver watch, value 40s. a steel chain, value 6d. a metal seal, value 2d. a brass watch-key, value 1d. and 4s. in monies numbered, the property of
<persName id="t17980523-1-victim45" type="victimName"> John Connor
<interp inst="t17980523-1-victim45" type="surname" value="Connor"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-victim45" type="given" value="John"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-1-off1 t17980523-1-victim45"/> </persName> , privily from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-1-person46"> JOHN CONNOR
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person46" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-1-victim45 t17980523-1-viclabel3"/>: On Sunday, the 13th of this month, about ten o'clock at night, I was robbed in
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-1-off1 t17980523-1-crimeloc4"/>; I met the prisoner, she asked me to treat her with a glass of liquor, which I did; I then went with her to her lodgings, and being in liquor I laid down upon the bed, with my cloaths on, and went to sleep; I awoke next morning about four o'clock, and missed my watch, four shillings in money, and a silk handkerchief off my neck; the prisoner was gone; I waited some time but she did not come back; I went to the house two or three times but could not find her; I found her the next morning about ten o'clock, at a public-house, and she gave the duplicate of the watch to Mrs. Howe, she is not here. I did not see her give the duplicate; the constable is here, and the pawnbroker.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-1-person47"> JOHN GASS
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person47" type="surname" value="GASS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person47" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable: I produce some money, and a duplicate that I received from the prisoner, seven shillings, and three-pence halfpenny, and five farthings; she acknowledged to me that it was part of the money she had pledged the watch for; I did not make her any promise of favour.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-1-person48"> CHARLES SAVILLE
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person48" type="surname" value="SAVILLE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person48" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a pawnbroker, (produces the watch); I had it from the prisoner on Monday the 14th instant, between eight and nine in the morning; I know her person; the watch is silver.(The watch was deposed to by the prosecutor, from the maker's name and number).</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I met this gentleman between eleven and twelve o'clock, at the corner of Golden-lane, it rained very hard, and he asked me to take him home to my lodgings, which I did; we went to a public-house and had some peppermint; he had but one shilling and sixpence in silver left, and he wanted to sleep with me for that, and I said I could not let him sleep with me for that, and he then desired me to pawn the watch.</p>
<p>Q. (To Connor.) Did you give her any money? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure of that? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you give her the watch? - A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Where had you the watch? - A. In my fob.
<rs id="t17980523-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17980523-2-defend50" type="defendantName"> JOHN GRIFFITHS
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<interp inst="t17980523-2-defend50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that
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<interp inst="t17980523-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-2-off6 t17980523-2-cd7"/>, on the King's highway, upon
<persName id="t17980523-2-victim52" type="victimName"> Benjamin Ward
<interp inst="t17980523-2-victim52" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-victim52" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-victim52" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-2-off6 t17980523-2-victim52"/> </persName> , did make an Assault, putting him in fear, and taking from his person one shilling, two sixpences, and six halfpence, the property of the said Benjamin </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person53"> BENJAMIN WARD
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person53" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person53" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live in Little Moorfields: On Friday the 27th of last month, about twelve o'clock at night, I was coming home from Islington, through
<placeName id="t17980523-2-crimeloc8">Goswell-street</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-2-off6 t17980523-2-crimeloc8"/>, the prisoner at the bar, and another, laid hold of me and threw me down, and took from me all that I had about me, there was one shilling, two sixpences, and three-pennyworth of halfpence; they drew a knife upon me after I was down; as soon as I could relieve myself I went to the watchman, and gave an alarm; when the alarm was given, the watchman saw the prisoner run, and he followed him and took him.</p>
<p>Q. When the watchman took the prisoner, were you sure he was one of the men that robbed you? - A. Yes; he was carried to the watch-house, but was not searched; the next day, before the Magistrate, he was searched, and a knife and sixpence found upon him; the knife was a crooked one.</p>
<p>Q. Were you perfectly sober at that time? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a night was it? - A. A moonlight night, as light as day.</p>
<p>Q. How many minutes might pass while they were robbing you? - A. I suppose not three minutes.</p>
<p>Q. Was it so light that you could clearly see the faces of the men? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were you pretty much frightened? - A. Yes, I was.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any other people in the street? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you cry out? - A. Yes, I did.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner the man that knocked you down, or was it the other man? - A. It was the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you see the prisoner before he was close to you? - A. Scarce two or three hundred yards, they met me both of them.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person54"> HENRY MAY
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person54" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person54" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a watchman: On the 27th of April, about a quarter, or twenty minutes past twelve, I was standing at my box in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230004"/>Goswell-street, the corner of Old-street-road, when the alarm was given, by another watchman below me by springing his rattle; upon that, I saw a man walking up by the Charterhouse-wall, and I went and stopped him; with that, the prosecutor and the other watchman came up, and the prosecutor looked in the man's face that I had stopped, and said, that is not the man. Then I turned round, and saw a man run across the road, and go into the Leaping-bar public-house; I told the prosecutor he had better go in and see if that was the man; he went into the passage, and he came out, and said, that is the man, I will take my oath to him; the prisoner had not got into the house then, I went in and took him by the collar, and told him he had robbed a man, and he must go with me; he said, no, I have not robbed a man; I said, the prosecutor says you robbed him, and drew a knife upon him; oh, says he, then hang me at once. I took him to the watch-house and put him into the cage; the next day I took him to Worship-street.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person55"> JOHN ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person55" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person55" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I searched the prisoner at the office, and found this knife and a sixpence; that is all I know of it.</p>
<p>Q. (To Ward.) Did you go into this public-house that May speaks of? - A. I went into the passage belonging to the house.</p>
<p>Q. How came you not to tell me that before? - A. I forgot it.</p>
<p>Q. He drew a knife upon you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the knife? - A. Yes; it was a crooked blade, very much like this, I believe this is the same knife; he said, if I did not give him my money he would cut my side, and then he took it from me; the other man held me while the prisoner robbed me.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I had been at the Black-horse all the afternoon, and was very much in liquor, and fell down in Hatfield-street; I would not go home with my wife, and I fell asleep in the street, and she took my hat and carried it home; a man picked me up, and I said I would give him something to drink, and we went to the Leaping-bar.</p>
<p>Q. (To Ward.) Did you observe whether either of the persons that robbed you had a hat on? - A. The prisoner had no hat.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The prosecutor came to me in Newgate, on Friday, and said, if I would give him a guinea, he would make it up.</p>
<p>Ward. No, he offered me a guinea, and I said, I could not do it.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Did the prisoner appear to be in liquor at the time of the robbery? - A. He did not.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Why did you come to Newgate to see the prisoner? - A. I went to see another person, one Murray, a man that I had known a good while, and I saw him accidentally.</p>
<p>Q. What was Murray in Newgate for? - A. For a felony. The prisoner's wife came to my house five or six times, and said she would give me a guinea.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask to see the prisoner? - A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was not in the same yard, and he could not see me till he sent for me.</p>
<p>Mr. Kirby. If the prosecutor did see him, he must have sent for him.</p>
<p>Ward. A friend that was with me sent for him.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person56"> MARGARET SHEPHERD
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person56" type="surname" value="SHEPHERD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person56" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person56" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I have known the prisoner several years: On the the 27th of April, I saw him at the Black-horse, at past eleven o'clock, I went in to get a pint of beer for my supper; I left him there; he borrowed sixpence of me, I gave him sixpence, and bid him good night; when I went home the chimes played twelve. I saw the prosecutor yesterday, at Hicks's-hall, and said to him, are you come to find a bill against Mr. Griffiths, and he said, yes, he had; I said, you promised to make it up for a guinea; he said, he did, but we did not attend on him; I told him we did attend on Mr. Wright, where he promised to come for the money; he said, if I had come an hour and a half before I did, yesterday, before he had thrown in the bill, he would have settled it.</p>
<p>Q. (To Ward.) Is what this woman has said true? - A. It is not.</p>
<p>Q. Is no part of it true? - A. She came to me yesterday with another woman, and asked me to make it up; I told them, I could not do any such thing, I was bound over to prosecute him, and could not; they staid a good while, and I told them it was of no service to stop any longer, for I could not do any thing in it. She first of all asked me if my name was Ward.</p>
<p>Q. She says she told you, that you promised to make it up for a guinea? - A. It is no such thing.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever promise to make it up for a guinea? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell you any thing about Mr. Wright, the fishmonger? - A. Mr. Wright, the fishmonger, was in Newgate, and offered to make up the money.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person57"> WILLIAM HEARNE
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person57" type="surname" value="HEARNE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person57" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a watchman: I was beating twelve o'clock, and when I came back, I found the prisoner stone blind drunk in the kennel, it was on a Saturday morning, I do not recollect what day of the month it was, he had no hat on; I asked him where he lived, and he could not give me a proper answer, and we went to Old-street, and there was a public-house, and I was obliged to lead him over, for he could not walk over, it was the Leaping-bar, in Old-street; and while he was with me in at the Leaping-bar, the prosecutor came up, with May, and another watchman,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230005"/> May and the prosecutor were both drunk; and they said to me, that that man had been robbed; I asked him where, and they said, in Bell-alley; I said, that is not in my beat; then the prosecutor said, I believe that is the man that robbed me; I told him to look, and be sure he was the man; for says I, the man has been in my company these ten minutes; he went to look at the man, he came back again to me, and said, he believed he was the man; then says I, you must be sure he is the man; instead of looking at the man, he called for a pot of beer, they would not draw any; I said to May, go and take him into custody, and I went upon my beat.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to tell a drunken man to take him in custody? - A. Because he was not in my beat, and there was another watchman with him.</p>
<p>Q. (To May.) You have heard what Hearne has said, is any part of it true? - A. No, it is all false, I never drank more than half a pint of beer the whole night, nor the following day.</p>
<p>Q. Was Ward drunk? - A. I cannot say, he was very much frightened; he appeared very well.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person58"> JAMES FROST
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person58" type="surname" value="FROST"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person58" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I have known the prisoner many years, he is a
<rs id="t17980523-2-deflabel9" type="occupation">watch-finisher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-2-defend50 t17980523-2-deflabel9"/>; I was drinking with Mrs. Shepherd; I left the prisoner there at half past eleven o'clock, he was very much in liquor.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person59"> WILLIAM SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person59" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person59" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I never heard any thing bad of him; he is a hard working, industrious, honest man; and, if he is acquitted, I will take him again to-morrow.</p>
<p>For the Prosecution.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-2-person60"> JOSEPH WILKES
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person60" type="surname" value="WILKES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person60" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable of the night.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see May the night of the 27th of April? - A. Yes; I went to the watch-house about ten o'clock, and I found May on his beat; I stopped in the watch-house till about half past eleven; then, at half past eleven, I went round the watch-boxes to see that the watchmen were upon their duty, and when I came up Brick-lane, one of the watchmen said, master, you are wanted.</p>
<p>Q. Was May drunk or sober? - A. He was sober.</p>
<p>Q. The prisoner was taken after twelve, was he sober then? - A. he was; and the prosecutor was sober.
<rs id="t17980523-2-verdict10" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-2-verdict10" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-3">
<interp inst="t17980523-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-3" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-3-off11-c57" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-3-defend62 t17980523-3-off11 t17980523-3-verdict14"/>
<persName id="t17980523-3-defend62" type="defendantName"> JAMES MURRAY
<interp inst="t17980523-3-defend62" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-defend62" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-defend62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-3-off11" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-3-off11" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-off11" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-3-cd12" type="crimeDate">28th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-3-off11 t17980523-3-cd12"/>, a guinea, the property of
<persName id="t17980523-3-victim64" type="victimName"> John Rubery
<interp inst="t17980523-3-victim64" type="surname" value="Rubery"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-victim64" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-victim64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-3-off11 t17980523-3-victim64"/> </persName> , privily, from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-3-person65"> JOHN RUBERY
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person65" type="surname" value="RUBERY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person65" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On the 28th of April in the evening, it might be eleven or twelve o'clock; I was very much in liquor; I met the prisoner in
<placeName id="t17980523-3-crimeloc13">Bunhill row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-crimeloc13" type="placeName" value="Bunhill row"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-crimeloc13" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-3-off11 t17980523-3-crimeloc13"/>, and I asked him to have something to drink, and he said, he did not know whether he could find any body up; he said, they had got the nightmen at the Jack of Newbury; and I went in and asked for some peppermint, and I believe I spent to the amount of a shilling upon him.</p>
<p>Q. In rum or brandy, or what? - A. It might be both, I cannot say; I pulled out a guinea, and a half guinea, and four shillings, and the mistress of the house saw that I was in liquor, and said to the prisoner, patrol, you had better take care of him; and I fell asleep, I believe; at last the nightmen and the patrol together waked me; I did not miss any thing till the lady of the house told me I was robbed, and then I missed my guinea; she told the prisoner, he was a very bad man, for that he had robbed that poor man (pointing to me), and should be brought to justice for it; he denied it, and said, that he had but three or four pennyworth of halfpence in his pocket; then the night-men collared him, and wrung the guinea out of his hand.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Do not you remember giving me your money in Bunhill-row, amounting to a guinea, and a half-guinea, to take care of? - A. I cannot remember a word of it; I do not think I should to a strange man.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-3-person66"> DANIEL THOMPSON
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person66" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person66" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was coming out with a tub of stuff; he was very much in liquor, and I set him up against the wall; the prisoner is a patrol; Mrs. Hoare came out, and insisted upon his being searched; my fellow-servant and I were, I dare say, two or three minutes getting it out of his hand.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-3-person67"> GEORGE MITTEY
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person67" type="surname" value="MITTEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person67" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-3-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I helped the patrol out with the prosecutor; and the lady came out, and said, I insist upon your not going away without seeing that man searched; the patrol put his hand into his right hand pocket, and turned his hand backward, and he had got it clenched in his hand; the landlady of the house has got it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. The property was delivered into my hand, a guinea and a half, and four shillings; and going to this house, the Jack of Newbury, the prosecutor desired his money again, and I gave it him; and when he paid for his liquor, he put it all upon the bar, before the landlady.</p>
<p>The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.
<rs id="t17980523-3-verdict14" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-3-verdict14" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-4">
<interp inst="t17980523-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-4-off15-c62" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-4-defend69 t17980523-4-off15 t17980523-4-verdict20"/>
<persName id="t17980523-4-defend69" type="defendantName"> RICHARD PHILLIPS
<interp inst="t17980523-4-defend69" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-defend69" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-defend69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-defend69" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-4-off15" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-4-off15" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-off15" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-4-cd16" type="crimeDate">26th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-4-off15 t17980523-4-cd16"/>, an ingot of gold, of the weight of 2 oz. 3 dwts value
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230006"/>8l. the property of
<persName id="t17980523-4-victim71" type="victimName"> Charles Aldridge
<interp inst="t17980523-4-victim71" type="surname" value="Aldridge"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-victim71" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-victim71" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-4-off15 t17980523-4-victim71"/> </persName> , the
<rs id="t17980523-4-viclabel17" type="occupation">elder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-4-victim71 t17980523-4-viclabel17"/>, in an out-house belonging to his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person72"> Charles Aldridge
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person72" type="surname" value="Aldridge"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person72" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , sen. proved the situation of the premises, in
<placeName id="t17980523-4-crimeloc18">Aldersgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-crimeloc18" type="placeName" value="Aldersgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-crimeloc18" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-4-off15 t17980523-4-crimeloc18"/>.)</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person73"> WILLIAM ALDRIDGE
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person73" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person73" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am the son of Mr. Aldridge: I live at the flatting-mills.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner? - A. I know him by coming to the mills; he used to bring silver to be flatted.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of this gold? -Thursday, the 26th of April, I kneeled
<note>[Text unreadable in original.]</note> making it red hot; I laid it on the anvil; after that John White made a skillet of silver red hot, and pushed the gold off the anvil, to hammer the silver; I picked it up, and put it on the anvil again; I went down to the house to tea, and left it on the anvil; the prisoner was there at the time, that is all I know about it; the man sent down stairs to me to know where the gold was; I went up, and missed it; that was about twenty minutes after I had left it; I shall know the gold when it is produced.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person74"> JOHN WHITE
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person74" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person74" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I work with Mr. Aldridge in the flatting-mills; In about twenty minutes, or half an hour after the prisoner was gone, I missed the gold; he was there when I moved it off the anvil; a short time after, we went to run it again, and missed it; we looked about the mill for some time, and then we sent off to the prisoner's master; there was nobody else there but him, while the gold was there; be came back in about an hour after I missed it, and he was sent to the Compter. I shall know the gold when I see it.</p>
<p>Q. Is this mill an out-house? - A. Yes, it is.</p>
<p>Q. Is it connected with the dwelling-house? - A. Yes; by adjoining walls.</p>
<p>- EBSWORTH sworn. - I am a porter to a Fire-office, and a constable: About nine o'clock on Thursday, the 26th of April, I was sent for, and apprehended the prisoner; I said, my friend, you must go along with me; I took him to Giltspur-street Compter; when I was going to put him in, when I got to the door, he said, dear, dear, why you are not going to put me in here; yes, I said, I am till to-morrow; says he, if you will take a walk along with me a little farther, instead of knocking at the door, I will talk to you; he took me to his master's house at Islington; I went backward with him to the privy, and he pulled out this piece of gold, which he gave me.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person75"> HENRY ALDRIDGE
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person75" type="surname" value="ALDRIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person75" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was at my brother's the evening the prisoner was brought back; I know nothing of it, but giving charge of him.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person76"> ISAAC MACKIE
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person76" type="surname" value="MACKIE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person76" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I manage the affairs of Mr.
<persName id="t17980523-4-person77"> Charles Aldridge
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person77" type="surname" value="Aldridge"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person77" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his absence: On Thursday, the 26th of April, Mr. Aldridge went out of town; I was at home about six o'clock; I was informed they had missed a piece of gold from the mill; I immediately went up, and they shewed me the place it was lost form; I suspected the prisoner, and I went up to Islington immediately, where he lives, and I sent a constable to search him, but could not find any thing of it; he strongly denied it for a long time; at last the constable went with him to his master's, and found it.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person78"> William Aldridge
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person78" type="surname" value="Aldridge"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person78" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am sure this is the piece of gold; I know it by the marks running crooked.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Is not that very common? - A. Not always. I am sure this is the same piece.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-4-person79"> John White
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person79" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person79" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This is the same piece of gold that I missed from the anvil; there are very few that run their gold so wide as we do for the goldbeaters; I know it by the shape of it, and the width of it; it is run crooked, and I know it by the flux of it, which is this black that is worked into it.</p>
<p>Q. What may be the value of it? - A. Eight pounds.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was promised to be forgiven if I gave the property up; they said they would not hurt a hair of my head.</p>
<p>The prisoner called his master, and three other witnesses, who gave him an excellent character.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-4-punish19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-4-punish19" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-4-defend69 t17980523-4-punish19"/> Death </rs>. (Aged 17.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-4-verdict20" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-4-verdict20" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-4-verdict20" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> The prosecutor recommended him to mercy, on account of his youth </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-5">
<interp inst="t17980523-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-5-off21-c72" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-5-defend81 t17980523-5-off21 t17980523-5-verdict25"/>
<persName id="t17980523-5-defend81" type="defendantName"> JOHN WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17980523-5-defend81" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-defend81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-defend81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-5-off21" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-5-off21" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-off21" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-5-cd22" type="crimeDate">6th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-5-off21 t17980523-5-cd22"/>, fourteen gallons of pickled olives, value 5l. and a wooden cask, value 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-5-victim83" type="victimName"> George-Allen Alwin
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim83" type="surname" value="Alwin"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim83" type="given" value="George-Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17980523-5-victim85" type="victimName"> Thomas Chapman
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim85" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim85" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Count. Laying it to be the property of
<persName id="t17980523-5-victim87" type="victimName"> Andrew Johnson
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim87" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim87" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-victim87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Third Count. Laying it to be the property of certain persons to the Jurors unknown. </p>
<p>(The case was opened by Mr. Alley.)</p>
<persName id="t17980523-5-person88"> JOSEPH FLETCHER
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person88" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person88" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to the prosecutors, Messrs. Alwin and Chapman; I do not know their Christian names; on the 6th of March I met the prisoner in
<placeName id="t17980523-5-crimeloc23">Thames-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-crimeloc23" type="placeName" value="Thames-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-crimeloc23" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-5-off21 t17980523-5-crimeloc23"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Were the prosecutors, at that time, removing any olives from the quays? - A. Yes. When I met the prisoner, he had a half-barrel of olives; he was resting his half-barrel upon the Custom-house window; he was as far as I could see him; I was behind all the rest of the men walking in rotation.</p>
<p>Q. How many men were there? - A. Four, with chests of oil.</p>
<p>Q. What distance were you from him? - A. Not a hundred yards</p>
<p>Q. Was it day-light? - A. It was the middle of the day, or thereabouts.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230007"/>Q. Are you perfectly sure it was the prisoner that you saw? - A. Yes; a man that I did not know was lifting a half-barrel of olives from the Custom-house window on to the prisoner's back.</p>
<p>Q. Was it the same half-barrel that you had seen before? - A. Yes; I told him if he did not take the olives up in a better manner he would not carry many more olives from the quays; he had his hat in one hand, and appeared to be in a great sweat.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear any particular observations made use of to the prisoner? - A. No, not particularly; he said, he would get on as well as he could, and see if he could not carry it to the warehouse.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. Did you ever know the prisoner at the bar before this transaction? - A. No; I have not been used to work on the quays.</p>
<p>Q. He seemed to have a half-barrel of olives that he said he was taking to the warehouse-what warehouse do you suppose he was going to take them to? -(Mr. Alley objected to the question).</p>
<p>Court. Q. Did any thing pass to induce you to understand what warehouse he was going to take it to? - A. Messrs. Alwin's and Chapman's.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. Q. Did he or did he not take it to the warehouse? - A. He certainly did not.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-5-person89"> ROBERT BREWSTER
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person89" type="surname" value="BREWSTER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person89" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Alley. I am a soldier belonging to the second regiment of Foot Guards: I was employed by the prosecutors, in March last, to fetch olives off the quays, and take them to the warehouse.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect, on the 6th of March, meeting the prisoner any where? - A. Yes, some time in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. Was it day-light? - A. Yes; it was before four o'clock, within twenty yards from the Custom-house quays, in Thames-street; he had a half-barrel of olives upon his left shoulder, and his hat in his right hand.</p>
<p>Q. Did any conversation take place between you and him? - A. No; I heard a man behind me speak to him, but I cannot tell what he said.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know whether the prisoner was employed by your master that day? - A. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. This was the 6th of March? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see him afterwards? - A. On the 8th of April; when he was apprehended, the prisoner said, well, if I must go to Mr. Alwin's and Chapman's, I will go; I do not recollect any thing else that he said.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. He might be employed by the prosecutors for any thing you know to the contrary? - A. I cannot say.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-5-person90"> JOSEPH PRANDET
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person90" type="surname" value="PRANDET"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person90" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am warehouseman to the prosecutors.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect any thing being lost out of a ship laden with olives? - A. There were some olives lost off the quays.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. The ship was unloading? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Messrs. Alwin and Chapman had not warehoused them? - A. That one half-barrel had nor been warehoused.</p>
<p>Q. During the time it was upon the quays it was the property of the merchant? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And what is his name? - A.
<persName id="t17980523-5-person91"> Andrew Johnson
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person91" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person91" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that that particular barrel of olives is his property more than any other? - A. I cannot say, I never saw it.</p>
<p>Q. Are you cunning enough to swear to one barrel of olives from another? - A. Yes, from the marks.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see the marks? - A. All the others were marked.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. Q. Do not you know that Messrs. Alwin and Chapman, as the
<rs id="t17980523-5-viclabel24" type="occupation">brokers, and agents</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-5-victim83 t17980523-5-viclabel24"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-5-victim85 t17980523-5-viclabel24"/> to Mr. Johnson, pay the duties at the Custom-house? - A. I do not know.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Messrs. Alwin and Chapman are warehousemen? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Then they are answerable for them while they are upon the wharf? - A. They are, if they are not put on watch.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. Q. Are they not answerable for them from the time that they have paid the duty? - A. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-5-person92"> JOHN HULL
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person92" type="surname" value="HULL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a labourer for the prosecutors: On the 6th of March I was moving olives, and I saw the prisoner on that day with a half-barrel upon his shoulder, at the end of the Custom-house quay; I said to him, what you are going on with your load, but I think it is rather too much for you; says he, I have got enough of it; he made no other reply.</p>
<p>Q. Was he employed that day to work for the prosecutors? - A. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. Was it the same sort of barrel as those that were in the ship? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. He said he had got enough of it because the weight was enough for anybody to carry? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know that he was not employed by the prosecutor that day? - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-5-person93"> JOSEPH BELASCO
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person93" type="surname" value="BELASCO"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person93" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Alley. Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar? - A. I never saw him before that day; I saw him in Duke's place, shewing some olives in a bottle as a sample, I think about nine or ten weeks ago.</p>
<p>Q. Did you treat with him yourself about the olives? - A. He told me he had fourteen gallons of them; he asked me eighteen-pence a gallon. I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230008"/>told him I would go and look at them; he took me to the Magpye, in Aldersgate-street, and I bought them, I gave him a guinea for the half-barrel.</p>
<p>Q. You took them home? - A. Yes; he put them into a coach, and I went home with them.</p>
<p>Q. Does he live in that public-house? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any more olives there but that half-barrel? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. What are you? - A. A dealer in fish, and damaged pickles.</p>
<p>Q. Were these damaged pickles? - A. I do not know, I sold them for three shilling and four-pence a gallon; I sold the cask for nine-pence.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. So, my friend, I make you out to be a pickle - had you any knowledge of the prisoner at all before this transaction? - A. I never saw him before.</p>
<p>Q. And where may you have the happiness to live-in Duke's-place? - A. I sell things there, different sorts of things that I can get a shilling by.</p>
<p>Q. Honestly if you can - but if not what then? - A. I do not understand olives.</p>
<p>Q. Duke's-place is pretty much frequented, is it not, by persons of your fraternity? - A. I do not know particularly, I cannot answer that; I have bought them as good for nine-pence a gallon before now, in the wholesale warehouses.</p>
<p>Q. Then there is nothing to lead you to recollect this circumstance more than any other? - A. I thought I would do the most I could.</p>
<p>Q. Can you inform my Lord of any other purchase of damaged pickles on any other day? -
<persName id="t17980523-5-person94"> A.
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person94" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person94" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> No.</p>
<p>Q. You never saw the prisoner before that day? - A. No; I have bought pickles of Mr. Lambert of Ludgate-hill.</p>
<p>Q. Have you never bought pickles of any other persons that came into the market of Duke's-place? - A. No, not in Duke's-place.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear that? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What do you think of Houndsditch? - A. No, I never did.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-5-person95"> GEORGE-ALLEN ALWIN
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person95" type="surname" value="ALWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person95" type="given" value="GEORGE-ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am in partnership with Thomas Chapman, we are merchants' agents, and coopers: We had the unlading of part of a ship of olives, consigned to
<persName id="t17980523-5-person96"> Andrew Johnson
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person96" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person96" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-5-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; the moment they pass the King's beam they become our property; as soon as they are landed by the officer they are delivered into our charge, and become our property.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar? - A. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect, after the prisoner was apprehended, having any conversation with him? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hold out any inducement to him to confess himself guilty, or any threat? - A. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. What was communicated to you by the prisoner was communicated by you to the Magistrate? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And was not that taken down in writing? - I cannot say whether it was or not.</p>
<p>Q. Did that or not form a part of the examination? - A. I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear it did not? - A. It is impossible.</p>
<p>Q. Previous to the conversation you are about to relate, what did you say to the prisoner at the bar? - A. He said he was brought up by one of the people, he did not know what for. I asked the man in the interim, whether he had been for an officer.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner hear that? - A. It is most likely he must.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp contended that desiring an officer to be sent for, ought to be consirued into a threat, and that therefore evidence ought not to be given of what was said by the prisoner after.</p>
<p>Court. Merely sending for a constable is a regular part of the business, and if that was to be the case, no conversation, after a prosecution was commenced, could be given in evidence.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. Q. Was any body present at the time of the conversation but you and the prisoner? - A. Yes, Mr. Prandit, the warehouseman.</p>
<p>Q. Now relate the conversation? - A. He said, he could not tell what it could be for, unless it was for a half barrel of olives he took from the Custom quay, put into a cart, and then upon his back.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any other olives upon the Custom-house quay at that time, but your own? - A. No other in the river.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say any thing else to you? - A. He said, when he had it on his back, he attempted to proceed to our warehouse, he was stopped in Thames-street by some carts, and was under the necessity of going up one of the lanes, he thought, Harp-lane, and in coming across one of the cross lanes, he met with an accident, the barrel sell from his back, and being a poor man, and fearful of the damage, he ran away and left it; and he repeated it over several times.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see any of the olives you had lost afterwards? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of your own knowledge whether the prisoner at the bar was employed by you? - A. Not that I know.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. Has Mr. Johnson any partner? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Whether the prisoner was employed by any body else under you, you cannot tell? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. You cannot undertake to swear, of your own knowledge, that you have had any loss? - A. The quantity was landed right with the lighter bill.</p>
<p>Q. Is the lighter bill here? - A. No, it is not.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230009"/>Mr. Alley. Q. (To Prandit.) Do you know, of your own knowledge, that there was any loss? - A. Yes, half a barrel.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner employed for your master that day? - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. What other warehousemen have you? - A. White and Hull.</p>
<p>Q. And White is not here? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Then you will not undertake to swear that White did not employ the prisoner that very day for that very business? - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. Q. Was it your business, or White's, to employ the men? - A. Mine.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I know nothing at all about it.</p>
<p>The prisoner called three witnesses, who had known him upwards of twenty years, and gave him a good character.
<rs id="t17980523-5-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-5-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17980523-6-defend98" type="defendantName"> THOMAS SMITH
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<interp inst="t17980523-6-defend98" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-defend98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-6-off26" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-6-off26" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-off26" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-6-cd27" type="crimeDate">7th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-6-off26 t17980523-6-cd27"/>, four live tame hens, value 1s. 6d. a live tame cock, value 6d. a hempen bag, value 6d. and a hand-saw, value 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-6-victim100" type="victimName"> William Walker
<interp inst="t17980523-6-victim100" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-victim100" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-victim100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-6-off26 t17980523-6-victim100"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-6-person101"> WILLIAM WALKER
<interp inst="t17980523-6-person101" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-person101" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17980523-6-viclabel28" type="occupation">greengrocer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-6-victim100 t17980523-6-viclabel28"/>, in
<placeName id="t17980523-6-crimeloc29">Mile-End Old Town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-crimeloc29" type="placeName" value="Mile-End Old Town"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-6-off26 t17980523-6-crimeloc29"/>: I lost four tame hens, a tame cock, a hempen bag, and a hand-saw, on Monday, the 7th of this month, from the yard behind my house. I was going out early on Tuesday morning, and found my back door open. I saw them afterwards at the Police-Office, Lambeth-street.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-6-person102"> RICHARD PERRY
<interp inst="t17980523-6-person102" type="surname" value="PERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-person102" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an officer; I stopped him on Monday night, the 7th of May, at near 12 o'clock, with this bag, a saw, four hens and a cock, at Whitechapel, very near a mile from the prosecutor's house; I stopped him, asked him what he had got there, he said, he had nothing but his own property; and I took him to the watch-house. The fowls appeared as if they had been just killed, they were warm. The next morning the property was advertised, and on Friday, the prosecutor came forward, and swore to them before the Magistrate.(Produces the bag and the saw).</p>
<p>Walker. I knew the fowls to be mine by the marks; there were two white hens, two speckled hens, and a pye coloured cock. This saw is mine, I know it by wanting a screw in the handle; and the bag is marked W.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was coming from Romford, about twelve o'clock at night, past Mr. Walker's house, and the fowls, the bag, and the saw, were thrown at me by somebody, I do not know who.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-6-verdict30" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-6-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-6-punish31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-6-punish31" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-punish31" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-6-defend98 t17980523-6-punish31"/> Confined twelve months in the House of Correction </rs>,
<rs id="t17980523-6-punish32" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-6-punish32" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-6-punish32" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-6-defend98 t17980523-6-punish32"/> publicly whipped </rs>, and discharged.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17980523-7-defend104" type="defendantName"> SOLOMON LEVY
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<interp inst="t17980523-7-defend104" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-7-defend104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that
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<interp inst="t17980523-7-off33" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-7-off33" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> he, on the
<rs id="t17980523-7-cd34" type="crimeDate">4th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-7-off33 t17980523-7-cd34"/>, thirteen pieces of false and counterfeit milled money, made and counterfeited to the likeness of a good shilling, the same not being cut in pieces, did put off to one
<persName id="t17980523-7-victim106" type="victimName"> Stephen Edlin
<interp inst="t17980523-7-victim106" type="surname" value="Edlin"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-7-victim106" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-7-victim106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-7-off33 t17980523-7-victim106"/> </persName> , at a lower rate and value than the same by their denomination did import, that is to say, for six shillings </rs>.</p>
<p>No evidence being offered on the part of the prosecution, the prisoner was
<rs id="t17980523-7-verdict35" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-7-verdict35" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-7-verdict35" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-8">
<interp inst="t17980523-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-8-off36-c91" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-8-defend108 t17980523-8-off36 t17980523-8-verdict39"/>
<persName id="t17980523-8-defend108" type="defendantName"> MARY WYER
<interp inst="t17980523-8-defend108" type="surname" value="WYER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-defend108" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-defend108" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-defend108" type="age" value="23"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-8-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-8-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-8-cd37" type="crimeDate">27th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-8-off36 t17980523-8-cd37"/>, a linen sheet, value 4s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-8-victim110" type="victimName"> William Cordy
<interp inst="t17980523-8-victim110" type="surname" value="Cordy"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-victim110" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-victim110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-8-off36 t17980523-8-victim110"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-8-person111"> JOHN CAYENNE
<interp inst="t17980523-8-person111" type="surname" value="CAYENNE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-person111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to Mr. Cordy,
<rs id="t17980523-8-viclabel38" type="occupation">pawnbroker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-8-victim110 t17980523-8-viclabel38"/>: On the 27th of March, the prisoner came into the shop to pledge a bed-gown and hose; in the mean while a person came in to look at some sheets; I shewed the sheets, and none of them suited the person; the prisoner was served, and went away; in about half an hour afterwards a young man from Mr. Briggs's, a pawnbroker, in St. John's-street, came to know if we had lost any sheets; I went down with him, and he had the prisoner in his custody; I looked at the ticket, and knew it to be our's.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-8-person112"> SAMUEL WOODHOUSE
<interp inst="t17980523-8-person112" type="surname" value="WOODHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-person112" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - (Produces the sheet.) I live with Mr. Briggs, pawnbroker, in St. John-street: The prisoner brought it to pledge with me on the 27th of March, between ten and eleven in the morning; she said it was her own, and as I was examining it, I observed a ticket pinned on the corner of it, and saw that it was Mr. Cordy's; upon that I went to Mr. Cordy's to enquire if they had lost a sheet; I have had it ever since.</p>
<p>Cayenne. This sheet is Mr. Cordy's property, the time is out; I am sure it was on the counter at the time the prisoner was in the shop.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was in Mr. Cordy's shop, it was lying there; I did not know who might have dropped it, or else I should not have taken it.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-8-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-8-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 23.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-8-punish40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-8-punish40" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-8-punish40" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="privateWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-8-defend108 t17980523-8-punish40"/> Privately whipped </rs> and discharged.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-9-off41-c95" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-defend114 t17980523-9-off41 t17980523-9-verdict45"/>
<persName id="t17980523-9-defend114" type="defendantName"> EDWARD WRIGHT
<interp inst="t17980523-9-defend114" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-defend114" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-defend114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-defend114" type="age" value="74"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-9-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-9-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-9-cd42" type="crimeDate">17th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-off41 t17980523-9-cd42"/>, two pennant pocket-knives, value 1s. 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-9-victim116" type="victimName"> Gabriel Aughtie
<interp inst="t17980523-9-victim116" type="surname" value="Aughtie"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-victim116" type="given" value="Gabriel"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-victim116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-off41 t17980523-9-victim116"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-9-person117"> GABRIEL AUGHGIE
<interp inst="t17980523-9-person117" type="surname" value="AUGHGIE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-person117" type="given" value="GABRIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17980523-9-viclabel43" type="occupation">hardware-man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-victim116 t17980523-9-viclabel43"/>: Last Thursday evening the prisoner at the bar came into my shop, the corner of
<placeName id="t17980523-9-crimeloc44">Friday-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-crimeloc44" type="placeName" value="Friday-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-crimeloc44" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-off41 t17980523-9-crimeloc44"/>, and asked me if I sold plated buckles; there was a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230010"/>parcel of desert-knives upon the counter; he had a bag upon his shoulder, which he threw over this little parcel; I suspected he wanted to steal them; he saw me looking at him, he took his hand off, and said I might sell buckles another time; he went away, and I followed him; he crossed the way to another shop that I have within two doors of Milk-street; he was then stooping down, and examining a tea board that I had hanging within the door; he then got up, and came to the door; he returned again, and there was a drawer of pen-knives on the counter; he laid his hand over that drawer, in the same manner that he had done over the desert-knives, and then came out of the shop; as soon as he came out, I took hold of him, and took him in doors, and asked him what he had taken; he gave me no answer, but slipped his left hand down by the side of him, which I immediately caught hold of, and took the two knives out of his hand, and sent for a constable immediately; the constable has them; they are pennant pocket-knives.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-9-person118"> William Shepherd
<interp inst="t17980523-9-person118" type="surname" value="Shepherd"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-person118" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the constable, produced the property, which was deposed to by Mr. Aughtie.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I am a poor distressed fellow, I have no friends, I am obliged to pay a shilling a night for my lodging, and where am I to get it.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-9-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-9-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 74.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-9-punish46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-9-punish46" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-punish46" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-defend114 t17980523-9-punish46"/> Confined three years in Newgate </rs>,
<rs id="t17980523-9-punish47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-9-punish47" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-9-punish47" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-9-defend114 t17980523-9-punish47"/> publicly whipped </rs>, and discharged.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-10-off48-c99" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-defend120 t17980523-10-off48 t17980523-10-verdict52"/>
<persName id="t17980523-10-defend120" type="defendantName"> LAWRENCE WILLIAMSON
<interp inst="t17980523-10-defend120" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-defend120" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-defend120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-defend120" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-10-off48" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-10-off48" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-off48" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-10-cd49" type="crimeDate">15th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-off48 t17980523-10-cd49"/>, two silk cloaks, value 3l. a muslin gown, value 20s. a piece of cotton, value 20s. a linen sheet, value 5s. a pair of nankeen breeches, value 10s. and a pair of cotton drawers, value 2s. the property of
<persName id="t17980523-10-victim121" type="victimName"> William Freeland
<interp inst="t17980523-10-victim121" type="surname" value="Freeland"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-victim121" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-victim121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-off48 t17980523-10-victim121"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-10-person122"> WILLIAM FREELAND
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person122" type="surname" value="FREELAND"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person122" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I
<rs id="t17980523-10-viclabel50" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17980523-10-crimeloc51">the King's Arms, Wapping High-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-crimeloc51" type="placeName" value="the King's Arms, Wapping High-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-crimeloc51" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-off48 t17980523-10-crimeloc51"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-victim121 t17980523-10-viclabel50"/>: Last Tuesday was a week I was at Gravesend, and my wife ill in bed, when the things were taken.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-10-person123"> SARAH GERMAINE
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person123" type="surname" value="GERMAINE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person123" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person123" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I live at No. 4, Crown-court: Mr. Freeland lives at the corner next door but one; I saw the prisoner at Mr. Freeland's house the evening before the robbery; and on the Tuesday evening I was going to Mr. Brookes's, in East-Smithfield, for some leather to bind shoes, and I saw the prisoner in East-Smithfield, counting money in the street, a good step from Mr. Freeland's; he had this bundle slung upon his arm; I asked him if he did not lodge at Mr. Freeland's; he said, no, he did not lodge there, but he knew Mr. Freeland very well; I asked him if he would not go with me to Mr. Freeland's, for they had been robbed; I had heard so about half an hour before; I was next to the wall then; and he was next to the pavement; I went to the other side of him; I laid hold of his jacket, and then he pushed me in the side, and run away.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to take hold of his jacket? - A. They said it was him that had robbed Mr. Freeland; I called out for assistance, and nobody would assist me, and then a butcher's boy stopped him, but who the boy was I do not know; then I got hold of him, and he went with me to Mr. Freeland's house; then the officer took him in custody.</p>
<p>Q. He was strong enough to have pushed you away, was not he? - A. Yes, but he did not do it.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the bundle? - A. He carried it on his arm till he came to the office at Mr. Freeland's house, and then he dropped it at Mr. Freeland's door, outside, the officer took it up; I have had it ever since. (Produces it).</p>
<p>Q. Did he say how he came by the things? - A. I did not hear him.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-10-person124"> CATHERINE NORMAN
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person124" type="surname" value="NORMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person124" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - Yesterday se'nnight, in the evening, I was standing at the public-house door, in East-Smithfield, where I had ordered a pint of beer; the prisoner came up to me, and asked me if I wished to have part of a pint of beer with him, he had a bundle in his hand; he sat down in the tap-room, and untied the bundle, and said, he wished to dispose of them; he said, the woman that he had had on board of ship had left him, and had left the kit behind; he said, they stood him in eleven pounds, and he meant to sell them as soon as he could, and he sold some of them in the tap-room; he asked me if I would buy a piece of cotton of him for a gown; I told him I had not money; and then he said, would I be so good as pawn it for him, and I pawned it in the Minories.(
<persName id="t17980523-10-person125"> John Shepherd
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person125" type="surname" value="Shepherd"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person125" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , servant to Mr. Windsor a pawnbroker, produces a gown-piece).</p>
<p>Mrs. Norman. This is the same piece of cotton that I pawned at Mr. Windsor's; I had it from the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. (To Shepherd.) What is the value of that piece of cotton? - A. About two shillings and three-pence a yard, there are eight yards of it; I lent twelve shillings upon it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. She ran away with it from me.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I left the prisoner in the house myself that day, Tuesday, about two o'clock, he slept on Sunday-night, and Monday-night, in my house; I did not miss any of the things.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the two cloaks? - A. They are my wife's; I have brought a piece of lace to match it,(produces it); this pair of nankeen breeches and drawers I had pulled off that morning, and left them in the back room up stairs.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230011"/>Q. What are they worth? - A. Six or seven shillings; this muslin gown I know to be mine, I have got a piece of the fellow of it; and this sheet is mine.</p>
<p>- BRUNDELL sworn. - I am a tide-waiter, in the Excise: The prisoner came into the Blue-anchor, where I was, offering things for sale; I asked him what he would have for that cloak; he asked me fifteen shillings; I gave him twelve shillings, and spent two pots of ale in the house.</p>
<p>Freeland. This is my cloak.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-10-person126"> ROBERT ALLEN
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person126" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person126" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was sitting at the Blue-anchor when the prisoner came in; I bought a sheet of him, I gave him five shillings for it.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-10-person127"> JOHN SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person127" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person127" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - The prisoner came into the Blue-anchor, and I bought this gown of him for eight shillings.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-10-person128"> JAMES SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person128" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person128" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live at Mr. Morris's, a pawnbroker: On the 15th of this month, Mr. Griffiths and Mr. Nowland came to our house to enquire if any thing was pawned by the prisoner; I cannot swear to the prisoner; but there was a cloak pledged for half-a-crown, which Mr. Freeland owned.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was very groggy; the things were given to me to dispose of.</p>
<p>GUILTY (Aged 30).</p>
<rs id="t17980523-10-verdict52" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-10-verdict52" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-verdict52" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Of stealing to the value of 39s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17980523-10-punish53" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-10-punish53" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-punish53" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-defend120 t17980523-10-punish53"/> Confined six months in the House of Correction </rs>, and
<rs id="t17980523-10-punish54" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-10-punish54" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-10-punish54" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-10-defend120 t17980523-10-punish54"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-11" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-11-off55-c108" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-11-defend130 t17980523-11-off55 t17980523-11-verdict57"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-11-off55-c109" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-11-defend132 t17980523-11-off55 t17980523-11-verdict57"/>
<persName id="t17980523-11-defend130" type="defendantName"> MARY MASON
<interp inst="t17980523-11-defend130" type="surname" value="MASON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-defend130" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-defend130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17980523-11-defend132" type="defendantName"> ANN DAVIES
<interp inst="t17980523-11-defend132" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-defend132" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-defend132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-11-off55" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-11-off55" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-off55" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17980523-11-victim134" type="victimName"> Ann Beaford
<interp inst="t17980523-11-victim134" type="surname" value="Beaford"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-victim134" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-victim134" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , about the hour of twelve in the night of the
<rs id="t17980523-11-cd56" type="crimeDate">24th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-11-off55 t17980523-11-cd56"/>, with intent the goods in the said dwelling-house to steal, and burglariously stealing a silver watch, value 40s. the property of
<persName id="t17980523-11-victim136" type="victimName"> William Wells
<interp inst="t17980523-11-victim136" type="surname" value="Wells"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-victim136" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-victim136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-11-person137"> ANN BEAFORD
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person137" type="surname" value="BEAFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person137" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. -
<persName id="t17980523-11-person138"> William Wells
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person138" type="surname" value="Wells"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person138" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lodged in my house, at the time of the robbery, in the one pair of stairs back room: On Tuesday the 24th of April, between 11 and 12 o'clock at night, I laid in the back-parlour behind the shop, I heard a great noise, I went up stairs into
<persName id="t17980523-11-person139"> Mary Mason
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person139" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person139" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person139" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's room, up one pair of stairs, she lodged in my house, and there was
<persName id="t17980523-11-person140"> Mary Mason
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person140" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person140" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person140" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and two men, and another woman, there was a man lying across
<persName id="t17980523-11-person141"> Mary Mason
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person141" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person141" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person141" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's bed; I told them I would not have such a noise in the house, and they should go out of the house that night;
<persName id="t17980523-11-person142"> Ann Davis
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person142" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person142" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person142" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> did not belong to the house; they all came in together, the street-door was wrenched open, the lock was forced from the staple; I went up stairs, as I told you before; upon that,
<persName id="t17980523-11-person143"> Mary Mason
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person143" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person143" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person143" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said, that man was going to sleep there with her, and he should not go; I went down stairs and met another man coming up, and I begged of him to make peace, for I could not; then, directly, a noise began with a hammer, and driving the door open; upon this,
<persName id="t17980523-11-person144"> William Wells
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person144" type="surname" value="Wells"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person144" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he lodged in the room even with
<persName id="t17980523-11-person145"> Mary Mason
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person145" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person145" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I went to call assistance, the watchman was at the door, and I could not get him to come in.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. You keep a house in which a number of people lodge? - A. Wells, and the prisoner Mason, and a woman of the name of Harold.</p>
<p>Q. Was not the door that was broke open a door that she had a right to break open to get to her bed? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You went up stairs and found a disturbance in her room? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. It was not a thing unusual for a man to come and sleep there with her? - A. She has told me she would.</p>
<p>Q. Do not you know that you gave permission for this woman to bring in anybody she pleased? - A. I have given her warning several times.</p>
<p>Q. The prosecutor, Wells, had a woman in the room with him of the name of Harold? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did not they say their object was to get this woman, Harold, from Wells, for, that one of those men she had lived with before, and was with child by? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Are you the mistress of the house yourself? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you married? - A. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-11-person146"> WILLIAM WELLS
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person146" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person146" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I lodge at Mrs. Beaford's: On the 24th of April, about ten minutes after ten o'clock,
<persName id="t17980523-11-person147"> Elizabeth Harold
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person147" type="surname" value="Harold"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person147" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> took the watch out of my pocket, and hung it up by the bed, we both went to bed together, and she double-locked the door; between eleven and twelve o'clock I heard a noise, there was a door knocked with a hammer, and three men, and the two prisoners, came in.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the men? - A. Yes, one was named Astbury, and the other Martin; they came into the room with a candle, and began to curse the girl that was in bed with me, and one of the men struck her; I got up in the bed and asked what was the matter; upon that,
<persName id="t17980523-11-person148"> Ann Davis
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person148" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person148" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person148" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> jumped at me, struck me, and then asked the girl if she was not ashamed of herself to be in bed with a man of my colour, (the witness was a Crecle); upon that, this man seized me immediately, and tore my new shirt violently, and struck me most cruelly about the eyes; they said, d-n you, why do not you kill the black b - r; they made at me with a piece of a bedstead, the candle was knocked out, and I felt for my watch at the head of the bed, and the watch was gone; I said, are not you ashamed to rob me in my own apartments, and try to take my
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230012"/>life; upon that, Elizabeth Harold made the best of her way in her shift, with her petticoat in her hand, and her gown, and put them on in the back yard; then they said, let us throw the black b - r out at the window; they lifted me to the edge of the window, and I made a spring from them, I had then but half a shirt on; says Ann Davies, bring a light, and let us see how pretty the black b - r looks.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing more about the watch? - A. Nothing more than these two women were nearest to it when the light was struck out; I missed it directly.</p>
<p>Q. What was your watch worth? - A. I gave four pounds ten for it; I have never found my watch since. The next morning I had them taken up.</p>
<p>Q. Did you search their lodgings? - A. No; the officer did that.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. You lived in these lodgings with Mrs. Harold? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. I believe she had lived with one of those two men that came into your room? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. How long has she lived with you? - A. Ever since I have been from sea, except the first week.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a married man? - A. No, I am not.</p>
<p>Q. Did not these men abuse her as you say, and was not the cause of their abusing the woman, because she had gone to live with you a black man, and had deserted one of them? - A. No, they did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not state that at the office, to the Magistrate? - A. No, I never knew she kept company with the man in my life.</p>
<p>Q. Have you never said so? - A. No, I never did, because I could not say that that I never saw.</p>
<p>Q. Was not Mason apprehended in her own lodgings the next day? - A. Mr. Brown took her.</p>
<p>Q. The other prisoner was taken near the Public-Office? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was she not there for the purpose of exhibiting a complaint against you for the assault she alledged you had committed against her? - A. I was in at Mr. Staples's office at the time, and I do not know rightly whereabouts they took her.</p>
<p>Q. you missed your watch at the time the candle was gone out? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You gave an alarm, and said you had lost your watch? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. After that, the prisoner, Mason, brought a light up, did not she? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Consequently you had an opportunity of examining whether it was gone or not? - A. How could I when I was alone, and all these people beating me.</p>
<p>Court. Q. When the candle was brought up, was the watch there? - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Alley. Q. How long have you been from sea? - A. Between eight and nine weeks.</p>
<p>Q. You know this is an indictment for a burglary, and that there is a reward of forty pounds for each of these women? - A. I do not know what the law is.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear you have never heard there is a reward of forty pounds on conviction for a burglary? - A. Yes, I have.</p>
<p>Q. Have you not sent to the prisoners, and said, that if they would give you six or seven guineas, you would not go on with the prosecution, because you knew they had not taken the watch? - A. No, I never did. Mr. Nixon has been with me, and offered me a great deal of money; I said, I would not, because it is against the King and country to do so; it is in the hands of the law now.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-11-person149"> ELIZABETH HAROLD
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person149" type="surname" value="HAROLD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person149" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person149" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - On the 24th of April, about ten minutes after ten, I went to bed, the two prisoners and three men came into the room, and broke a piece out of the door with a hammer; I said, O Lord, have mercy upon me, and I had no sooner said so than the door came off the hinges: Upon that the three men all came in and struck me;
<persName id="t17980523-11-person150"> William Wells
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person150" type="surname" value="Wells"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person150" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> got out of bed, and asked what was the matter; I saw the watch hanging there; then they had a light with them, and one of the men threw the candlestick at me, and that put the candle out; I made my escape out of the room as soon as I could, with my gown and petticoat upon my arm.</p>
<p>Q. Did you miss the watch before you went out of the room? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Who stood nearest to that part of the bed where the watch hung? - A. They all stood together.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. You were an acquaintance of one of these men? - A. Formerly I was.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-11-person151"> ROBERT BROWN
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person151" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person151" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-11-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable belonging to the Police-Office, Shadwell; On the 25th of April, in the morning, I received information from Wells, that he had been robbed by two women and three men, he mentioned the woman's name that I know very well; I met one of them in the street, and apprehended her; I afterwards went to his lodgings, to see how it was broke open, and there appeared to be a deal of violence at the door; I came again to the mistress of the house, and she delivered this hammer to me, and a knife. I searched the prisoners, but found nothing upon them.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. Where did you find Mason? - A. I think at Mrs. Beaford's.</p>
<p>Q. The other prisoner you found near the Public-Office? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner Mason's defence. I am an unfortunate woman: this woman of the house always had half-a-crown of me when I had any body with me; I went out to order a pint of beer, and met with this young woman, and asked her to come up and have
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230013"/>some salmon; two of the men came up to ask if Elizabeth Harold was at home; I said, I did not know; and just after we heard a noise, and I took a candle to see what was the matter.</p>
<p>The prisoners called five witnesses, who gave them a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-11-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-11-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17980523-12-defend153" type="defendantName"> JOHN PRICE
<interp inst="t17980523-12-defend153" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-defend153" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-defend153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-defend153" type="age" value="35"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-12-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-12-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-12-cd59" type="crimeDate">29th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-12-off58 t17980523-12-cd59"/>, a silver fork, value 5s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-12-victim155" type="victimName"> Winchcome-Henry Hartley
<interp inst="t17980523-12-victim155" type="surname" value="Hartley"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-victim155" type="given" value="Winchcome-Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-victim155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-12-off58 t17980523-12-victim155"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17980523-12-viclabel60" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-12-victim155 t17980523-12-viclabel60"/>.</p>
<p>- CLARKE sworn. - I lived as footman with Mr. Hartley, in
<placeName id="t17980523-12-crimeloc61">Devonshire-street, Portland-place</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Devonshire-street, Portland-place"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-12-off58 t17980523-12-crimeloc61"/>; the prisoner was a
<rs id="t17980523-12-deflabel62" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-12-defend153 t17980523-12-deflabel62"/> out of place: On the 29th of April last, before I left Mr. Hartley, I met the prisoner in Princes-street, Oxford-road; I told him I was going to leave Mr. Hartley, and if he could inform me of a situation I should be very glad; accordingly he came in the afternoon, and was let in by one of the maid servants, to tell me of a situation; I asked him to eat and drink, and the plate was on the table where he was eating; there was but half a dozen forks out at dinner time. While he was eating, I had occasion to answer the bell several times, nobody but myself being in the kitchen at that time; I did not miss the fork that night, he stopped about an hour. The next morning I missed the fork, I enquired amongst my fellow servants, they did not know any thing about it; the prisoner had told me that he would be the next morning at a public-house, the corner of Quebec-street, to give me more information concerning this situation; missing the fork I went to meet him, but he did not come to the time appointed; I saw no more of him till evening; after dinner I met him in Portland place, I told him we had missed such a thing, and he strongly denied having it; I asked him if he would go with me to the butler, and satisfy him that he had not it; he said he would after he had been to Upper Harley-street; he went there, the person was not at home; then he would not go with me, he said, he had got to go to Upper Grosvenor-street, the person was not at home there; and then he would not go; then we went to Curzon-street, May-fair, and then I got him to go with me; he would not go in then, he said, I might send the butler out to him, for he would not go in; I went, and in the mean time he ran away, and I saw no more of him till the fifth of May, when he was brought to Marlborough-street Office.</p>
<p>WILLIAM FOX sworn. - I am a dealer in silver: The prisoner came to me on Friday evening, the 4th of May, and asked me if I bought old silver, to which I replied in the affirmative; he then produced some part of a fork; I suspected it was stole; I asked him how he got it; he told me it was his own, that he was a servant out of place, that he had received it of another gentleman's servant to sell; I told him, that was not likely, and begged him to tell me the truth; he said, if I must have the truth, he found it in Wimpole-street; I told him, I did not believe either of his stories. I sent for an officer, and he was apprehended.</p>
<p>Clarke. I cannot swear positively to the fork, I can produce another like it, they were both made by one maker; I bought a fork in the room of it, which cost me twenty-seven shillings.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I picked it up the corner of Wimpole-street.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-12-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-12-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 35.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-12-punish64" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-12-punish64" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-12-punish64" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-12-defend153 t17980523-12-punish64"/> Confined twelve months in the House of Correction </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-13-off67-c129" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-defend157 t17980523-13-off67 t17980523-13-verdict70"/>
<persName id="t17980523-13-defend157" type="defendantName"> JOHN HOWE
<interp inst="t17980523-13-defend157" type="surname" value="HOWE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-defend157" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-defend157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-13-off65" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-13-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-13-cd66" type="crimeDate">15th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-off65 t17980523-13-cd66"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-off67 t17980523-13-cd66"/>, an iron kitchen range, value 5s. belonging to
<persName id="t17980523-13-victim159" type="victimName"> John Liversuch
<interp inst="t17980523-13-victim159" type="surname" value="Liversuch"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-victim159" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-victim159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-off65 t17980523-13-victim159"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-off67 t17980523-13-victim159"/> </persName> , being a utensil fixed to a house of his, he having no title or claim of title thereto </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Count. For
<rs id="t17980523-13-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-13-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing, a hempen sack, value 6d. a live cock fowl, value 12d. and four live hen fowls, value 4s. </rs> the property of the said John.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-13-person160"> JOHN LIVERSUCH
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person160" type="surname" value="LIVERSUCH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person160" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I keep a house,
<placeName id="t17980523-13-crimeloc68">No. 15, in Brick lane, Old street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="No. 15, in Brick lane, Old street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-off65 t17980523-13-crimeloc68"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-off67 t17980523-13-crimeloc68"/>: On the 14th of May, in the evening, or early in the morning of the 15th, I was informed that all my fowls were gone but one; I found a great many feathers pulled out and laid about the ground; I missed a cock and four hens, and a hempen sack. As I was coming by the window I saw a great many bricks lying about, I looked in and saw that a range was gone, three feet and a half long. In consequence of some information, I went, with a constable of the name of Wilkes, to the prisoner's apartments, in Trotter-bone-alley, Brick-lane, up two pair of stairs; there was a young man of the name of Stokes, held his head down that I should not see his face; I suspected him, I said to him, I did not know that you lived here, I suspect my fowls are here; I looked at Howe's bedstead, he was in bed, and presently I perceived the end of my sack upon his bed, underneath him, he was lying on it, and I said, I have found you, have I; I took the sack, and told the constable I could swear to it, (produces the sack); it is marked I.S.B. and a patch at the bottom of it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing else? - A. I was going to search about the room, but the constable said I had no right; Howe said, he did not know how it came there, he supposed it was brought in by two young men.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230014"/>- WILKES sworn. - I am a constable: On the 15th of May, I went with Liversuch to the prisoner's house, I told him, I could not search without a search-warrant; he turned himself round and saw this sack, and he gave me charge of the prisoner, and of a young man of the name of Stokes who was discharged.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I came home from my benefit club, about a quarter after ten o'clock, and the next morning I went to Islington with a pair of shoes that I had soled and heeled, and when I came back I laid down, I had been very ill; I do not know how the sack came there.</p>
<p>Q. (To Liversuch.) Did you ever see him about the premises? - A. No.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-13-person161"> WILLIAM SEAWARD
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person161" type="surname" value="SEAWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person161" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I live in the same house with the prisoner, I have known him eight years, he is a very honest hard-working man: On the night of Monday, or early on Tuesday morning, I heard a noise of fowls, like a hen cackling, near his house, but I could not pretend to say that I saw any thing.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any thing of a fire-range, or grate? - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-13-person162"> WILLIAM SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person162" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person162" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-13-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (a boy) sworn. - I have known the prisoner twelve years, he is a very honest man as far as I ever heard; I work with him, he is a
<rs id="t17980523-13-deflabel69" type="occupation">shoe-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-13-defend157 t17980523-13-deflabel69"/>; while he was gone to Islington, on the Tuesday morning between eleven and twelve o'clock, a young man came up, and asked me if Mr. Howe was at home; I said he was not; and then he asked me if I would be so good as let him leave it till the evening, and I let him; it was a bag something like this, I am not sure; the man's name was Dickins, he laid it on the bed and went away.</p>
<p>The prisoner called two other witnesses, who gave him a good character.
<rs id="t17980523-13-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-13-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-14">
<interp inst="t17980523-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-14-off71-c134" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-14-defend164 t17980523-14-off71 t17980523-14-verdict75"/>
<persName id="t17980523-14-defend164" type="defendantName"> THOMAS FLOWERS
<interp inst="t17980523-14-defend164" type="surname" value="FLOWERS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-defend164" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-defend164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-14-off71" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-14-off71" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-off71" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-14-cd72" type="crimeDate">3rd of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-14-off71 t17980523-14-cd72"/>, a pair of brass moulds, value 2s. two dies made of iron and steel, value 2s. and four hubs made of iron and steel, value 12d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-14-victim166" type="victimName"> Charles James
<interp inst="t17980523-14-victim166" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-victim166" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-victim166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-14-off71 t17980523-14-victim166"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-14-person167"> CHARLES JAMES
<interp inst="t17980523-14-person167" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-person167" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an
<rs id="t17980523-14-viclabel73" type="occupation">engraver</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-14-victim166 t17980523-14-viclabel73"/>, in
<placeName id="t17980523-14-crimeloc74">Moorfields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-crimeloc74" type="placeName" value="Moorfields"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-crimeloc74" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-14-off71 t17980523-14-crimeloc74"/>: On the 3rd of May I was robbed by the prisoner, who worked for me; I went to look for a collar that I had to engrave, which I missed, he was out at the time; when he came back, I asked him if he knew any thing of this collar; he said he did not, and was going out of the room; I said, you shall not go, for I will send for an officer; he went down to the yard, and I got before him; I asked him where he was going; he said he was going to the privy; I told him he should not go there, or into the shop any more, I had entirely done with him; he then, after some little hesitation, pulled a die out of his pocket, made of iron and steel; I desired the nurse to come down stairs and take the things of him; when he took the first die out of his pocket, he said, take it, and hang me out of the way, for I am tired; then he came down and took five more out of his right-hand pocket, there were four of them particular dies, that are called hubs, I gave them to the nurse; I told him, as I could not get an officer, I would take him myself, and desired him to go with me to a public-house in our neighbourhood, he there dropped a pair of brass moulds upon the floor; soon after that the officer came, and I delivered him into his custody.</p>
<p>Q. Had you given him any orders to take them any where? - A. No.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-14-person168"> MARY BROWN
<interp inst="t17980523-14-person168" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-person168" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-14-person168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - (Produces the property.) I have kept them ever since; I believe he was in want; he did attempt to hang himself once in the shop, when my master was out; he said, he did this on purpose that he might be hanged.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. He had applied to the parish, and they would not take him in; the night before this happened, he told me he had fell into a well; and I told him, it was very strange he could not see a well in the middle of a field; why, says he, I went backwards into it, to get some water to water the garden; I asked him how he dried his clothes; and he said, he walked about the field; he was not in liquor.
<rs id="t17980523-14-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-14-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-15">
<interp inst="t17980523-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-15-off76-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-15-defend170 t17980523-15-off76 t17980523-15-verdict78"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-15-off76-c139" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-15-defend172 t17980523-15-off76 t17980523-15-verdict78"/>
<persName id="t17980523-15-defend170" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM JEFFERIES
<interp inst="t17980523-15-defend170" type="surname" value="JEFFERIES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-defend170" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-defend170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17980523-15-defend172" type="defendantName"> JAMES MERCER
<interp inst="t17980523-15-defend172" type="surname" value="MERCER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-defend172" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-defend172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-15-off76" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-15-off76" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-off76" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17980523-15-victim174" type="victimName"> Sarah Macknelly
<interp inst="t17980523-15-victim174" type="surname" value="Macknelly"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-victim174" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-15-victim174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-15-off76 t17980523-15-victim174"/> </persName> , about the hour of two in the night of the
<rs id="t17980523-15-cd77" type="crimeDate">14th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-15-off76 t17980523-15-cd77"/>, with intent the goods in the said house to steal, and burglariously stealing therein two feather-beds, value 40s. a pier looking-glass, value 20s. a carpet, value 10s. two steel senders, value 8s. and a metal sender, value 8s. the property of the said Sarah </rs>.</p>
<p>There being no evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoners, they were Both
<rs id="t17980523-15-verdict78" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-15-verdict78" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-16-off79-c141" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-defend176 t17980523-16-off79 t17980523-16-verdict85"/>
<persName id="t17980523-16-defend176" type="defendantName"> NICHOLAS VARGIN
<interp inst="t17980523-16-defend176" type="surname" value="VARGIN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-defend176" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-defend176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that
<rs id="t17980523-16-off79" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-16-off79" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-off79" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he, on the
<rs id="t17980523-16-cd80" type="crimeDate">21st of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-off79 t17980523-16-cd80"/>, on the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17980523-16-victim178" type="victimName"> James Stowe
<interp inst="t17980523-16-victim178" type="surname" value="Stowe"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-victim178" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-victim178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-off79 t17980523-16-victim178"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting him in fear, and taking from his person a red-morocco card-case, value 2d. a half-crown, and one shilling, the goods and monies of the said James </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230015"/>JAMES STOWE sworn. - I am an
<rs id="t17980523-16-viclabel81" type="occupation">engraver</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-victim178 t17980523-16-viclabel81"/>, at Hammersmith: About half past eight o'clock on Sunday evening the 21st of April, as I was going home, between the White-horse public-house and the Hand-and-flower, I met two men, a tall one and a short one; the tall one stopped me, he caught hold of me, and in a low tone demanded my money; I gave him half-a-crown, and one shilling; the short one came by the side of me and searched my pockets, he took from me a red-morocco card-case; during the time he was searching my pockets, I could perceive the end of a short thick stick underneath his coat; after which they desired me to go on. I stopped at the Red-cow, a little farther on, where I met with the Bow-street patrol, and I described the tall man to the patrol; I took but little notice of the short one, my attention was fixed on the tall one; upon my description he was taken; I saw the tall man again at Bow-street on the Tuesday following, this was Saturday; he was dressed in a dark coloured coat, I do not know whether it was black or blue, and a black handkerchief round his neck; the moon shone very bright so that I saw his face perfectly distinct, he had a round hat on, not of a very good shape; the prisoner at the bar is the tall man.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any doubt about his person? - A. Not the least; the moon shone so bright that I could see his face very distinctly; I am sure he is the man.</p>
<p>Q. When you saw him at Bow-street, was he in the same dress that you had seen him before? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Is there nothing else besides his face, and figure, that you can swear to? - A. Nothing else.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever find any of your property? - A. No; he was taken from the description I gave of him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you keep a house - are you a master engraver? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When you saw him at Bow street who was there first, you or the prisoner? - A. I was there about five or six minutes before the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. When you first saw him was he brought to the bar? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was he brought with any body else? - A. Yes, with two others.</p>
<p>Q. You were there for the purpose of seeing him? - A. Yes; the officer had called upon me in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. Were they all brought up in irons? - A. No, none of them.</p>
<p>Q. But they were brought up as prisoners? - A. They were.</p>
<p>Q. Did you understand, when they were brought, that you were to select a man out of those three? - A. Yes, if it was the man.</p>
<p>Q. Then you were to look at those three men to see which of them was the man? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And did you immediately fix upon the prisoner? - A. I did, in my mind, but I was not asked any questions till they were all examined; as soon as Mr. Bond, as I believe it was, put the question to me, I immediately said the prisoner was one of the two men that stopped me.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-16-person179"> DUNCAN GRANT
<interp inst="t17980523-16-person179" type="surname" value="GRANT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-person179" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a patrol belonging to Bow-street: I met Mr. Stowe, at
<placeName id="t17980523-16-crimeloc82">Hammersmith</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-crimeloc82" type="placeName" value="Hammersmith"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-crimeloc82" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-off79 t17980523-16-crimeloc82"/>, directly after he was robbed, he described the man very clear; on the Monday following, between ten and eleven o'clock at night, I apprehended the prisoner, and two more
<rs id="t17980523-16-deflabel83" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-defend176 t17980523-16-deflabel83"/>s, near the three mile-stone at Hammersmith, he was dressed exactly as he is now; I searched him, and found this in his left-hand pocket, (producing a short thick stick); I did not find any thing else; he was brought to Bow-street on Tuesday morning.</p>
<p>Q. (To Stowe.) Look at that stick? - A. I cannot swear to the stick; it was under the other man's coat that I saw it, it was a short thick stick; I only saw the end of it as he stopped to search me.</p>
<p>Q. How long might this transaction take up? - A. Not a minute; it was all in an instant as it were.</p>
<p>Q. Were you alarmed at all? - A. Yes, very much.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the prisoner, and tell me if you are positive he is the man? - A. I am positive he is the man.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I am as innocent of it as the child unborn. GUILTY
<rs id="t17980523-16-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-16-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-16-defend176 t17980523-16-punish84"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-16-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-16-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-16-verdict85" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> The prisoner was recommended to mercy on account of his offering no violence to the prosecutor </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-17">
<interp inst="t17980523-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-17-off86-c144" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-17-defend181 t17980523-17-off86 t17980523-17-verdict90"/>
<persName id="t17980523-17-defend181" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL HALL
<interp inst="t17980523-17-defend181" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-defend181" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-defend181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-17-off86" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-17-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-17-cd87" type="crimeDate">20th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-17-off86 t17980523-17-cd87"/>, a cheese of thirty pounds weight, value 14s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-17-victim183" type="victimName"> John Strange
<interp inst="t17980523-17-victim183" type="surname" value="Strange"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-victim183" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-victim183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17980523-17-victim185" type="victimName"> William Strange
<interp inst="t17980523-17-victim185" type="surname" value="Strange"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-victim185" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-victim185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-17-person186"> JAMES CHIDLEY
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person186" type="surname" value="CHIDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person186" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am porter to John and
<persName id="t17980523-17-person187"> William Strange
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person187" type="surname" value="Strange"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person187" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17980523-17-viclabel88" type="occupation">cheesemongers</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-17-victim183 t17980523-17-viclabel88"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-17-victim185 t17980523-17-viclabel88"/>, in
<placeName id="t17980523-17-crimeloc89">Bishopsgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-crimeloc89" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-crimeloc89" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-17-off86 t17980523-17-crimeloc89"/>: On the 20th of April, about eight o'clock at night, I was unloading some cheese at the door, and the lamp-lighter came and told me a man had taken some cheese out of the cart; I followed the man down Warner-street, he had the cheese upon his head; he turned round, and seeing me follow him, he threw down the cheese and ran about thirty yards further, and then I caught him; the prisoner is the man, he never was three yards from me all the way; I brought him back, and the cheese with him; the constable has the cheese.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-17-person188"> THOMAS SAPWELL
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person188" type="surname" value="SAPWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person188" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - (Produces the cheese.) I received it from Mr. Strange.</p>
<p>Chidley. This is the cheese that I took from the prisoner, it is the property of Mr. Strange.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230016"/>Prisoner's defence. I went to look for a ship to go to sea, and as I was coming back through Bishopsgate-street, a man came up and asked me to carry that cheese for him; I never did such a thing in my life before.</p>
<p>The prisoner called six witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>The Jury expressed a wish to hear the evidence of the lamplighter.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-17-person189"> JACOB ABBOTT
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person189" type="surname" value="ABBOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person189" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-17-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was crossing Bishopsgate-street, I had my light in my hand: I saw two men standing by the cart, seeing me come up with the light they went away; as soon as I had crossed the way I put my light out, and they both returned again, and then I saw the other man, not the prisoner, take the cheese out of the cart; he went about five yards, and then gave it to the prisoner. I went and told the carman of it, and he went after them.
<rs id="t17980523-17-verdict90" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-17-verdict90" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-18">
<interp inst="t17980523-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-18" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-18-off91-c151" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-18-defend191 t17980523-18-off91 t17980523-18-verdict95"/>
<persName id="t17980523-18-defend191" type="defendantName"> JAMES GALLAWAY
<interp inst="t17980523-18-defend191" type="surname" value="GALLAWAY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-defend191" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-defend191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-defend191" type="age" value="46"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-18-off91" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-18-off91" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-off91" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-18-cd92" type="crimeDate">8th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-18-off91 t17980523-18-cd92"/>, two pounds of brass tubes, value 3s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-18-victim193" type="victimName"> Charles Fairbone
<interp inst="t17980523-18-victim193" type="surname" value="Fairbone"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-victim193" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-victim193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-18-off91 t17980523-18-victim193"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-18-person194"> NATHANIEL STEINE
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person194" type="surname" value="STEINE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person194" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to Mr.
<persName id="t17980523-18-person195"> Charles Fairbone
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person195" type="surname" value="Fairbone"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person195" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<placeName id="t17980523-18-crimeloc93">No. 20, Great New-street, Fetter-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-crimeloc93" type="placeName" value="No. 20, Great New-street, Fetter-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-crimeloc93" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-18-off91 t17980523-18-crimeloc93"/>; the prisoner was also a
<rs id="t17980523-18-deflabel94" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-18-defend191 t17980523-18-deflabel94"/> to Mr. Fairbone, but he did not work in the house: On Tuesday the 8th of May, having a strong suspicion that the prisoner was robbing my master, I watched him very narrowly for the course of an hour and a half, during which time, I saw him take several pieces of brass and put into his pocket; I saw him take three pieces of tube off a board, put it on the floor, put his foot on it, and stamped on it to flatten it; he stooped, picked it up, and put it into his pocket; about a quarter of an hour after, I saw him pinch several pieces of brass in a vice, and put them into his pocket; determining to detect him in his villainy, I went down stairs, at half past seven o'clock, I stood on one side of my master's door till a quarter before eight, till such time as the men had left off work; he was the first or second man that came down; I let him go twenty yards off my master's premises, as nigh as I can tell the distance; I went to him and said, Gallaway, my master wants you; he came back, and in the passage he made a bit of a turn; I put my hand upon his shoulder, and said, go along, you must go; he went into the yard; Mr. Middleton, the constable, was sent for, he came and searched him, and found the property upon him; he took it out of his pocket before my eyes, my master, and most of the men.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-18-person196"> ROBERT WITHERSPOON
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person196" type="surname" value="WITHERSPOON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person196" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to Mr. Fairbone; I suspected the prisoner at times leaving bits of brass and missing them: On Tuesday the 8th of May, about two o'clock, I observed him very busy at his lathe with brass, cutting it up in bits; I told my master's son, and he told me to look after him; I did, and observed him frequently putting bits down upon the ground, and stamping upon them, and putting them into his pocket, he was doing that till near about a quarter before five o'clock; there is one bit that I can swear to.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-18-person197"> RICHARD MIDDLETON
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person197" type="surname" value="MIDDLETON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person197" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-18-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable. (Produces the property found upon the prisoner)</p>
<p>Q. (To Mr. Fairbone.) How long as the prisoner lived with you? - A. Twenty-six years, but he has been robbing me many years; he has been forgiven several times by my son, without my consent; I can swear to several articles, because I am almost the only person that has tools for making some of them.</p>
<p>The prisoner did not say any thing in his defence.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-18-verdict95" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-18-verdict95" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 46.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-18-punish96" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-18-punish96" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-18-defend191 t17980523-18-punish96"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-19">
<interp inst="t17980523-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-19-off97-c157" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-defend199 t17980523-19-off97 t17980523-19-verdict101"/>
<persName id="t17980523-19-defend199" type="defendantName"> JOHN PEARSON
<interp inst="t17980523-19-defend199" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-defend199" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-defend199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-defend199" type="age" value="36"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-19-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-19-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-19-cd98" type="crimeDate">14th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-off97 t17980523-19-cd98"/>, a printed book bound in leather, value 1s. four pounds of pork, value 2s. and a wooden box, value 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-19-victim201" type="victimName"> John Whitmarsh
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim201" type="surname" value="Whitmarsh"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim201" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17980523-19-victim203" type="victimName"> John Brown
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim203" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17980523-19-victim205" type="victimName"> Henry Whitmarsh
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim205" type="surname" value="Whitmarsh"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim205" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17980523-19-victim207" type="victimName"> Nicholas Brown
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim207" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim207" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-victim207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Count. Laying it to be the property of persons unknown.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-19-person208"> HENRY BISHOP
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person208" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person208" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am porter to Messrs. Brown and Son,
<rs id="t17980523-19-viclabel99" type="occupation">proprietors of the Taunton waggon</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-victim201 t17980523-19-viclabel99"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-victim203 t17980523-19-viclabel99"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-victim205 t17980523-19-viclabel99"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-victim207 t17980523-19-viclabel99"/>,
<placeName id="t17980523-19-crimeloc100">Saracen's-head, Friday-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-crimeloc100" type="placeName" value="Saracen's-head, Friday-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-crimeloc100" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-off97 t17980523-19-crimeloc100"/>, their names are
<persName id="t17980523-19-person209"> John Whitmarsh
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person209" type="surname" value="Whitmarsh"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person209" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17980523-19-person210"> John Brown
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person210" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person210" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17980523-19-person211"> Henry Whitmarsh
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person211" type="surname" value="Whitmarsh"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person211" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17980523-19-person212"> Nicholas Brown
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person212" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person212" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : On Monday the 14th of May, a little after five o'clock in the afternoon, we were busy loading the waggons, and I saw the prisoner go by with a box, he had it in his hand, I thought he might have come into the yard and fetched it as being his own; I immediately went into the warehouse to our master, and asked him if he delivered in a little box; he said, no, he had not; I then went after him; sir, what are you going to do with that box; he made me no answer, but walked very fast towards the gate-way; I called out stop, stop the man with the box; the Bath coach was just loading and going out, and the Bath horse-keeper stopped him; he had let the box fall.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure that is the man who had that box in his possession? - A. Yes; I am clear of it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. What are you? - A. Head porter in the yard of the Saracen's Head.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know any thing of the proprietors
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230017"/> of the Taunton waggon yourself? - A. Yes, and have for many years.</p>
<p>Q. You do not yourself know who are the parties concerned in this waggon? - A. Yes, I do; I am head porter to their waggon.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-19-person213"> SAMUEL-WISE OSBORN
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person213" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person213" type="given" value="SAMUEL-WISE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am porter to the Taunton coach: I saw the prisoner at the bar pass by me, as I was standing in the yard at the tap-room door, between five and six o'clock; he walked by me a steady pace, with a box under his arm; Mr. Bishop followed after him, and said, what are you going to do with that box; the prisoner made him no answer, but mended his pace; as soon as he got underneath the gateway, by the side of the Bath coach, he began to run, and let the box fall by the Bath horse-keeper; but he was followed, and we took him just without side the gate; we brought him up the yard, and immediately sent for a constable.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-19-person214"> JOHN SPARKES
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person214" type="surname" value="SPARKES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am book-keeper to the Bath coach: I saw the prisoner walk down the yard with the box under his arm, and Bishop, the first witness, pursuing him; when he came under the gateway, he dropped the box, and I took it up; the box is in the possession of the constable; the horse-keeper pursued him, and took him just out of the gateway.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-19-person215"> JOHN RUTHERFORD
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person215" type="surname" value="RUTHERFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable: I know nothing more of it, than taking the box. (Produces the box).</p>
<persName id="t17980523-19-person216"> WILLIAM OSBORN
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person216" type="surname" value="OSBORN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person216" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I keep the inn, and am book-keeper to Messrs. Whitmarsh and Company: I know no further of the box than has been related to your Lordship; in fact, I never saw the box at all till after this transaction.</p>
<p>Bishop. This is the same box; when the goods are unloaded from the waggon, they are placed at the warehouse door, and it is my business to call the goods over; I had called them over, and here is my mark that I had put upon it, one shilling carriage; the box had come from Taunton to London.</p>
<p>Q. What does it contain? - A. It was opened at the Mansion-House; it contains some country pork, a few apples, and a book.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. Q. Who is the waggoner of that waggon? - A.
<persName id="t17980523-19-person217"> Robert Vickery
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person217" type="surname" value="Vickery"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person217" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-19-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. He is not here? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. He has the way-bill? - A. No; the waybill is always confined to Mr. Osborn.</p>
<p>Q. It was by the way-bill that you were able to ascertain that this box had been in the waggon? - A. I took it myself off the rade of the waggon.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was very much intoxicated.</p>
<p>Rutherford. He was either drunk or mad.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I knew nothing of the affair till the next morning.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. (To Bishop.) Was he drunk, or not? - A. He was either drunk or mad.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-19-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-19-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 36.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-19-punish102" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-19-punish102" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-19-defend199 t17980523-19-punish102"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-20">
<interp inst="t17980523-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-20-off103-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-defend219 t17980523-20-off103 t17980523-20-verdict108"/>
<persName id="t17980523-20-defend219" type="defendantName"> JOHN HARRIS
<interp inst="t17980523-20-defend219" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-defend219" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-defend219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-defend219" type="age" value="50"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-20-off103" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-20-off103" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-off103" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-20-cd104" type="crimeDate">14th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-off103 t17980523-20-cd104"/>, a pound and eight ounces of tea, value 4s. </rs> the property of the
<persName id="t17980523-20-victim220" type="victimName">
<rs id="t17980523-20-viclabel105" type="occupation">East-India Company</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-victim220 t17980523-20-viclabel105"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-victim220" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-off103 t17980523-20-victim220"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Count. Laying it to be the property of certain persons to the Jurors unknown.</p>
<p>(The case was opened by Mr. Knapp.)</p>
<persName id="t17980523-20-person221"> THOMAS MILLS
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person221" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person221" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. I am a labourer in the India Company's Warehouses, in
<placeName id="t17980523-20-crimeloc106">Haydon-square, in the Minories</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-crimeloc106" type="placeName" value="Haydon-square, in the Minories"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-crimeloc106" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-off103 t17980523-20-crimeloc106"/>: The prisoner was a
<rs id="t17980523-20-deflabel107" type="occupation">labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-defend219 t17980523-20-deflabel107"/> at work also in the same warehouses; on the 14th of May I saw him put his great coat over his left shoulder and part of his left arm; he leaned across one side of the chest of tea that was open, and then his right hand he put into the chest of tea, and took out some tea, and put it underneath the left side of his coat; after that I saw him shake the coat several times, as if to shake the tea down; he then sat down for five or six minutes, then he doubled up his coat in a very care-taking manner, and put it upon a chest of tea three high, next to the wall; I told Mr. Joyce what I had seen; about two hours and a half after that, Mr. Joyce came up again, and desired Harris to go to the next floor to order some chests to be brought down to us to be mended; while the prisoner was gone, Mr. Joyce brought his coat, as it hung upon the nail, and there he found a quantity of tea, as he thought; he took the coat down and carried it to the accompting-room; I did not see the tea produced.</p>
<p>Q. Was that the prisoner's coat? - A. He owned it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. How many persons were there up stairs at this time? - A. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body there but yourself, when he took the tea? - A. There were a great many in the same room.</p>
<p>Q. The coat remained till near one o'clock in the room where all these people were at work? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You are in the Company's military service? - A. I was.</p>
<p>Q. You have been dismissed from that Company? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Have you had any ill-blood in consequence of your dismission? - A. No, never in my life.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear that? - A. Yes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230018"/>Q. Do you deny that you ever had any dispute with the prisoner? - A. It is unknown to me if I have.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear that you have had no quarrel with him? - A. I do not know that I ever had.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-20-person222"> THOMAS JOYCE
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person222" type="surname" value="JOYCE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person222" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. I am an Assistant-elder in the Company's warehouses: In consequence of the information of the last witness, I went on the 14th of May up into the warehouses, about half past one; I saw the prisoner at the bar there, his duty called him to work in a place surrounded with tea open; I ordered him and others upon other business; I clapped my hand upon his coat as it was hanging up, and felt a very great bulk in the pocket of it, and I took it down to the accompting-house, to the Elder's office, and left it with Mr. Bourne, and told him I would fetch him the owner; I went into the yard, and called John Harris, and he came immediately; Mr. Bourne asked him if that was his coat, he said, yes; he asked him how the tea came in his pocket, and he said he did not know. I saw the tea weighed; it was Congou tea; there was upwards of a pound and a half; there was a vacancy in one of the chests.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. You did not communicate your intention before you went into the room where the prisoner was? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. He hung his coat up very near you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Is it not usual for persons to be searched and rubbed down? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And a man cannot hope to get off with any quantity? - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. Where was this pocket? - A. An inside breast-pocket.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-20-person223"> WILLIAM-PALMER BOURNE
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person223" type="surname" value="BOURNE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person223" type="given" value="WILLIAM-PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person223" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knapp. I am a King's locker: I saw the great coat brought into the accompting-house; I took this tea out of it, (producing it); I asked the prisoner if this coat was his, and he said, yes, it was; I asked him how he came by the tea, he said, he did not know any thing of the tea; he said he had put some bread and cheese in his pocket, but knew nothing of the tea; there was some bread, but no cheese.</p>
<p>Q. Was the bread over or under the tea? - A. Over the tea.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I know nothing at all about the tea being in my pocket.</p>
<p>The prisoner called William Starke with whom he had lodged two years, and who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. Q. How many names may this man have? - A. I cannot say; people have called him nicknames; they have asked for him sometimes by the name of
<persName id="t17980523-20-person224"> John Harris
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person224" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person224" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , sometimes Oliver Beard, and sometimes Harlequin.</p>
<p>Court. Q. By what name did he announce himself to you? - A. By the name of
<persName id="t17980523-20-person225"> Oliver Beard
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person225" type="surname" value="Beard"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person225" type="given" value="Oliver"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-20-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17980523-20-verdict108" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-20-verdict108" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 50.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-20-punish109" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-20-punish109" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-20-defend219 t17980523-20-punish109"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-21" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-21-off110-c179" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-defend227 t17980523-21-off110 t17980523-21-verdict114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-21-off110-c180" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-defend229 t17980523-21-off110 t17980523-21-verdict114"/>
<persName id="t17980523-21-defend227" type="defendantName"> JAMES JONES
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend227" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend227" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend227" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend227" type="age" value="23"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17980523-21-defend229" type="defendantName"> THOMAS GRIFFIN
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend229" type="surname" value="GRIFFIN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend229" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend229" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-defend229" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-21-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-21-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-21-cd111" type="crimeDate">12th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-off110 t17980523-21-cd111"/>, an iron anchor, value 30s. and an iron barge-chain, value 25s. the property of
<persName id="t17980523-21-victim231" type="victimName"> Stanhope Hillier
<interp inst="t17980523-21-victim231" type="surname" value="Hillier"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-victim231" type="given" value="Stanhope"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-victim231" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-off110 t17980523-21-victim231"/> </persName> , in a barge lying upon the navigable river Thames </rs>.</p>
<p>(The case was opened by Mr. Knowlys.)</p>
<persName id="t17980523-21-person232"> STANHOPE HILLIER
<interp inst="t17980523-21-person232" type="surname" value="HILLIER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-person232" type="given" value="STANHOPE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Knowlys. I am a
<rs id="t17980523-21-viclabel112" type="occupation">barge-owner</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-victim231 t17980523-21-viclabel112"/>, and live at Brentford: On the 11th of May, I was returned from below bridge up the river towards Brentford; in the evening of that day I made fast my barge, with a headfast, to some craft at
<placeName id="t17980523-21-crimeloc113">Milford-lane-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-crimeloc113" type="placeName" value="Milford-lane-road"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-crimeloc113" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-off110 t17980523-21-crimeloc113"/>, on the Middlesex side of the water; I left an iron chain and an anchor safe in the barge, between nine and ten o'clock at night.</p>
<p>Q. Fixed to the barge? - A. No; the anchor was fixed to the chain, but not to the barge. I went to bed between ten and eleven.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Had you more than one anchor on board? - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. Q. How soon did you perceive it was lost? - A. Between five and six the next morning. I saw the chain on Monday following, at the watchman's house, his name is Went; I had lost it on the Friday; I heard that such a chain had been stopped, and I went to see it.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-21-person233"> JOSEPH WENT
<interp inst="t17980523-21-person233" type="surname" value="WENT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-person233" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a watchman to Messrs. Wood and Company's coal-wharf, at the bottom of Northumberland-street; I have known the prisoner at the bar for several years: On the 11th of May, about five in the afternoon, I saw them shove a peter-boat, which is the property of Griffin; they put this peter-boat out from York-buildings; they shoved the peter-boat to the Black-lion causeway, that goes up to Charles-court, where they both reside; Griffin went up the court, and shortly returned with a basket; they both rowed down the river together. I went over to inform Mr. Butt, the officer, and desired him and Richardson to watch their return; and we went about twelve o'clock, that was the time of the return of the tide; I waited for them till they returned, about one o'clock in the night, as near as I can tell; we all three of us were close upon the stairs, waiting for them; they came to the back of the Black lion public-house, adjoining to the stairs where we were; and they put out some deals from the boat, and then they put their boat back again to the upper side of the causeway, and put this basket, with a chain,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230019"/>out upon the causeway that I was going down; then they put their boat back, and fastened it close to a house built upon a barge; then they returned to the basket, and both stood by it for some little time; then Jones came up to the foot of the stairs apparently to see if the way was clear; I suspected he saw us there; he looked and said, a hoy! a hoy! I then said, lay hold of him, Richardson then laid hold of him; Mr. Butt and I immeditely jumped up and secured Griffin and the basket; immediately as we went down to the basket, Butt said to Griffin, what have you got here; Griffin said, a basket of chains; he asked him where he got it; he said, he got it out of Mr. Bailey's sailing boat, Jones was within hearing at the same time, in custody of Richardson; he said, he was going to carry it ashore for safety; he said, he had the care of Mr. Bailey's boat; we secured them in the watch-house; and the next day, Mr. Bailey came to the watch-house, and asked Griffin what brought him there; Griffin said, it was for a piece of chain that he had found; Mr. Bailey asked him again, how he came by the chain, and he told him that one of their anchors run foul of it; Mr. Bailey said, he had no chains.</p>
<p>Q. In point of fact, had their boat any anchor? - A. No, nor grapling, nor any thing else.</p>
<p>Q. Did you afterwards see Mr. Hillier, the prosecutor? - A. Yes, I shewed him the chain, it has been in my possession ever since. (Produces the chain.)</p>
<p>Mr. Hillier. I am sure it is my property.</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of it? - A. About twenty-five shillings.</p>
<p>Q. Under forty shillings? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>- RICHARDSON sworn. - I was present when the prisoners were detected; I laid hold of one of them, and secured him. The account they gave of it was exactly what the last witness has stated</p>
<p>Prisoner Jones's defence. We were plied by a West-country barge, to tow her up to Putney, we agreed for five shillings; and then rowed back home. I never saw the basket nor chain either till Mr. Went brought it upon his shoulder, in the basket, to the watch-house.</p>
<p>Prisoner Griffin's defence. I went with Jones up to Putney; I never saw the basket or the chain either.</p>
<p>Jones, GUILTY (Aged 23.)</p>
<p>Griffin, GUILTY (Aged 25.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-21-verdict114" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-21-verdict114" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-verdict114" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Of stealing to the value of 25s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17980523-21-punish115" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-21-punish115" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-punish115" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-defend227 t17980523-21-punish115"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-defend229 t17980523-21-punish115"/> Confined six months in the House of Correction </rs>,
<rs id="t17980523-21-punish116" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-21-punish116" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-21-punish116" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-defend227 t17980523-21-punish116"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-21-defend229 t17980523-21-punish116"/> publicly whipped </rs>, and discharged.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-22" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-22-off117-c184" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-22-defend235 t17980523-22-off117 t17980523-22-verdict121"/>
<persName id="t17980523-22-defend235" type="defendantName"> CHARLES BACON
<interp inst="t17980523-22-defend235" type="surname" value="BACON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-defend235" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-defend235" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-defend235" type="age" value="36"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-22-off117" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-22-off117" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-off117" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-22-cd118" type="crimeDate">7th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-22-off117 t17980523-22-cd118"/>, two yards of Manchester cotton breeches stuff, value 7s. three quarters of a yard of white marcella waistcoating, value 4s. half a yard of vandyke stripe marcella waistcoating, value 3s. and half a yard of cross stripe marcella waistcoating, value 3s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-22-victim237" type="victimName"> John Wagstaff
<interp inst="t17980523-22-victim237" type="surname" value="Wagstaff"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-victim237" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-victim237" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-22-off117 t17980523-22-victim237"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-22-person238"> JOHN WAGSTAFF
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person238" type="surname" value="WAGSTAFF"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person238" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a man's
<rs id="t17980523-22-viclabel119" type="occupation">mercer and taylor</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-22-victim237 t17980523-22-viclabel119"/>,
<placeName id="t17980523-22-crimeloc120">No. 86, Oxford-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-crimeloc120" type="placeName" value="No. 86, Oxford-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-crimeloc120" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-22-off117 t17980523-22-crimeloc120"/>: I did not miss the property till it was found upon the prisoner; it was missed by a servant of mine.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-22-person239"> WILLIAM JOHNSON
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person239" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person239" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am servant to Mr. Wagstaff: On Monday, the 7th of May, the prisoner came into the shop about four o'clock in the afternoon, to buy some cloth, I observed at the time he came in, he had nothing under his coat, and while I was serving another person in the shop, as he said he was in no hurry, he was pulling the things about upon the counters, and I soon after observed that he kept his hand down, and had something under his coat, when he purchased the cloth of me, and he would not have the cloth put up in paper, but would lay it down by the door upon some breeches paper; I had put it in paper, and he took it out again; having a suspicion of him, I called Mr. Wagstaff, and desired him to be careful of him; upon that he took up the coat piece, and left the shop; I told Mr. Wagstaff I had missed some things; I followed the prisoner, and overtook him in Castle-street, he had then just taken the white waistcoat piece from under his coat, and was holding it up to look at; a young man that was with me ran on past him, and I saw him go into a public-house in Bolsover-street; I followed him into the tap-room, and laid hold of the breeches and waistcoat pieces; he said, that some man out of the square had given them to him to make, and he would take me to him. As soon as I came out, he begged I would speak to Mr. Wagstaff to forgive him; I told him, I should leave it to Mr. Wagstaff to do as he pleased; I had seen the breeches piece in the shop while he was there. I found upon him the breeches piece and a white marcella waistcoat piece.(
<persName id="t17980523-22-person240"> Samuel Hamilton
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person240" type="surname" value="Hamilton"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person240" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-22-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the officer, produced the property, which was deposed to by Johnson).</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I bought them on the 5th of May, I have a bill and receipt for them. (Produces it).</p>
<p>Court. I see this bill is made out exactly in the words of the indictment.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-22-verdict121" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-22-verdict121" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 36.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-22-punish122" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-22-punish122" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-22-defend235 t17980523-22-punish122"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-23">
<interp inst="t17980523-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-23-off123-c189" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-23-defend242 t17980523-23-off123 t17980523-23-verdict128"/>
<persName id="t17980523-23-defend242" type="defendantName"> SARAH HOLLOWAY
<interp inst="t17980523-23-defend242" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-defend242" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-defend242" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-23-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-23-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-23-cd124" type="crimeDate">7th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-23-off123 t17980523-23-cd124"/>, in the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230020"/>dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17980523-23-victim244" type="victimName"> Charles Dibdin
<interp inst="t17980523-23-victim244" type="surname" value="Dibdin"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-victim244" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-victim244" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-23-off123 t17980523-23-victim244"/> </persName> , a Bank-note, value 10l. the property of the said Charles </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-23-person245"> JOHN COUCHER
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person245" type="surname" value="COUCHER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person245" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am clerk to Mr.
<persName id="t17980523-23-person246"> Charles Dibdin
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person246" type="surname" value="Dibdin"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person246" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of
<placeName id="t17980523-23-crimeloc125">Leicester-place, Leicester-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-crimeloc125" type="placeName" value="Leicester-place, Leicester-square"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-crimeloc125" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-23-off123 t17980523-23-crimeloc125"/>, he keeps a house there: On Tuesday the 1st of May, I had a check for 21l. drawn on Messrs. Hammersley, in favour of myself; I got it cashed, I received a 10l. note, two five pound notes, and a one; on Saturday I changed the two five pound notes for a ten pound, for a friend; I afterwards took out the one pound note and put in a two pound note; I had occasion to leave town on particular business, suddenly, on the Saturday, and I put the notes somewhere, I do not exactly recollect where; on Tuesday I had occasion for the notes, I looked round the house but could not find them; it continued in that way till last Saturday, when Mr. Dibdin came to town; the prisoner was a
<rs id="t17980523-23-deflabel126" type="occupation">chair-woman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-23-defend242 t17980523-23-deflabel126"/> in the house. In consequence of information I received, I sent for her, and went with Miller a Bow-street officer, the prisoner, and her husband, to Mr. Rodbard's, a pawnbroker, in Broadway, Blackfriars, last Sunday; Mr. Rodbard was not at home, and we left word for him to come to Bow-street in the morning; we then went to Whitechapel, to a Mr. Barber, and he acknowledged having received a 10l. note of the prisoner's husband; we took the prisoner and her husband to Bow-street, and Mr. Rodbard produced a 10l. note which he had stopped, and which is the note in question, it has my own hand-writing upon the back of it, it was deposited in Mr. Carpmeal's hands; I do not know the number of it, I only know the hand-writing upon the back.</p>
<p>- RODBARD sworn. - The prisoner came to my house to buy a silk cloak, and offered that note in payment, I had never seen her before, but I am sure she is the same person; she put down a 10l. note and said it was a two pound; I then thought she did not come honestly by it; I told her she must tell me where she took that note; she said, she took it of Mr. Axton, a coach-painter; I went there, and there was no such person to be found; the next morning I took it to the Bank, to see if it was stopped payment, I heard nothing of it there, and I delivered it up to the Justice at Bow-street; I should know it again, it has got written on the back of it 21l. Wheelwright.</p>
<p>- CARPMEAL sworn. - I am an officer of Bow-street, (produces a Bank-note); this note was delivered by Mr. Rodbard to Sir William Addington, and Sir William delivered it to me, I have kept it ever since.</p>
<p>Rodbard. This is the note that I received of the prisoner, and that I delivered to the Magistrate.</p>
<p>Coucher. This is the note that I lost, it has my hand-writing upon it. (The note read).</p>
<p>Q. The prisoner came backwards and forwards to the house, as a chairwoman? - A. Yes, every day.</p>
<p>Q. Did the husband come occasionally? - A. No; he was never employed about the house.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I found the notes as I was sweeping the shop out.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-23-person247"> WILLIAM TEW
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person247" type="surname" value="TEW"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person247" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I keep a public-house at Kentish-town: I have known the prisoner these twenty years, her husband is a hair-dresser, she has two children; I never heard any thing amiss of her in my life, I have trusted her with scores of pounds; she is silly at times, and when anybody has given her a farthing, she has stood laughing for half an hour; they used to call her foolish Nan.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-23-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-23-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-23-defend242 t17980523-23-punish127"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-23-verdict128" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-23-verdict128" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-23-verdict128" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> She was recommended to mercy by the Jury on account of the carelessness of the prosecutor, in laying his notes about not knowing where, and her apparent simplicity and ignorance </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-24">
<interp inst="t17980523-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-24-off129-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-24-defend249 t17980523-24-off129 t17980523-24-verdict133"/>
<persName id="t17980523-24-defend249" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH KING
<interp inst="t17980523-24-defend249" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-defend249" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-defend249" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-24-off129" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-24-off129" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-off129" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-24-cd130" type="crimeDate">1st of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-24-off129 t17980523-24-cd130"/>, an earthenware jug, value 6d. twelve penny pieces, value 12d. and 245 halfpence, value 10s. 2 1/2d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-24-victim251" type="victimName"> John Crook
<interp inst="t17980523-24-victim251" type="surname" value="Crook"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-victim251" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-victim251" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-24-off129 t17980523-24-victim251"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-24-person252"> ELIZABETH CROOK
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person252" type="surname" value="CROOK"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person252" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person252" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I am the wife of
<persName id="t17980523-24-person253"> John Crook
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person253" type="surname" value="Crook"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person253" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner was our
<rs id="t17980523-24-deflabel131" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-24-defend249 t17980523-24-deflabel131"/>, we
<rs id="t17980523-24-viclabel132" type="occupation">keep a public-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-24-victim251 t17980523-24-viclabel132"/>: She came to us on the 30th of June, and on Tuesday the 1st of May, she getting intoxicated before dinner I discharged her; I told her to go up stairs, fetch down her things, and go about her business; she said she would not without a month's wages; I then went up to fetch her things down myself, and she followed me up; I was called down in a hurry, I thought her long, and I went up to see for her, and saw her coming out at my room-door; upon that, she brought her things down into a little room, and would not take them away with her; then she went under pretence of fetching the gentlewoman who recommended her to me, and she returned back in the course of an hour; in the mean time I had been up stairs, and missed an earthen jug, with eleven shillings and two-pence halfpenny worth of halfpence and penny pieces; I then went to Hatton-garden, where I met her, I brought her back, and sent for an officer; the mug was afterwards brought to me by a witness now in Court.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-24-person254"> ANN BOWDEN
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person254" type="surname" value="BOWDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person254" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - (Produces an earthenware pint jug). On Tuesday the 1st of May, the prisoner came to me, and asked to go to the privy of my house, in King's-head-court, Holborn, she was quite a stranger to me. I never saw her before
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230021"/>in my life; I went down with her, and she gave me this jug; she said it was of no use to her, and told me to let nobody see it; as she was coming out of the necessary I heard money chink, and she said it was what she used to keep her money in; she told me she was out of place; I asked her where she lived, and she told me at the Rose, Hatton-wall; when she went away I sent my husband to her mistress, and she was then taken, that was about two hours after she had given it me; it is a cracked jug, and particularly remarkable.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-24-person255"> GEORGE LONGDEN
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person255" type="surname" value="LONGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person255" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-24-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. I am an officer belonging to the office in Hatton-garden: I had this jug from the last witness, it was locked up in the office till to-day, I gave it her to bring into Court; I was sent for to take charge of the prisoner on Tuesday the 1st of May, I took her to the office, and she was committed; I searched her, and found four pennyworth of halfpence only, contained in this hussis.</p>
<p>Mrs. Crook. This is my jug, I know it by being cracked at the bottom with being put over the fire, and a star in the side of it; I cannot swear to any of the halfpence.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I never saw the inside of the room, for my mistress always made her own bed.</p>
<p>Court. (To Mrs. Crook.) Q. What is the value of this jug? - A. A penny or two-pence.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-24-verdict133" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-24-verdict133" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-25">
<interp inst="t17980523-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-25-off134-c200" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-25-defend257 t17980523-25-off134 t17980523-25-verdict137"/>
<persName id="t17980523-25-defend257" type="defendantName"> MARY JONES
<interp inst="t17980523-25-defend257" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-defend257" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-defend257" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-25-off134" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-25-off134" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-off134" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-25-cd135" type="crimeDate">12th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-25-off134 t17980523-25-cd135"/>, a linen shirt, value 3s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-25-victim259" type="victimName"> Benjamin Marshall
<interp inst="t17980523-25-victim259" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-victim259" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-victim259" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-25-off134 t17980523-25-victim259"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-25-person260"> MARTHA MARSHALL
<interp inst="t17980523-25-person260" type="surname" value="MARSHALL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-person260" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I am the wife of Benjamin Marshall: Last Sunday was a week, about nine o'clock in the evening, I lost a shirt, the prisoner was a stranger to me; I saw the prisoner and another woman pass the top of our stairs. I keep a kitchen in
<placeName id="t17980523-25-crimeloc136">Monmouth-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-crimeloc136" type="placeName" value="Monmouth-street"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-25-crimeloc136" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-25-off134 t17980523-25-crimeloc136"/>, and sel linen; about ten minutes after, I saw the prisoner come down stairs, she asked me if I had got a shift; I said I had not; she then said, she wanted a shirt at about two shillings; I got up to shew her one, and she put out my lamp that hung at the bottom of the cellar stairs, with her arm; I said to her, I am sure you have burnt your arm; she said, no, she had not; I told her I would go and get a light, and while I was gone to get a light, I could see the other woman unpin a shirt that hung at the side of the stairs; I threw down the light, and ran to the top of the stairs, but finding I could not overtake her I stopped the other woman till the watchman came; she tried to get away, but I would not let her; she struck at me several times with her fist, and I having a child in my arms she struck the child in the stomach, and when I came back from the watch-house the child was in fus; the shirt has never since been found.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. While I was down there, there came something like a man's hat, and put out the lamp, and then she said she was robbed by somebody and I should suffer for it; I had nobody with me but my child, I never saw the shirt.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-25-verdict137" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-25-verdict137" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-26-off138-c203" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-26-defend262 t17980523-26-off138 t17980523-26-verdict142"/>
<persName id="t17980523-26-defend262" type="defendantName"> SARAH SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-26-defend262" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-defend262" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-defend262" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-26-off138" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-26-off138" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-off138" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-26-cd139" type="crimeDate">27th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-26-off138 t17980523-26-cd139"/>, a Bank-note value 5l. another Bank-note, value 5l. another Bank-note, value 2l. and another Bank-note, value 1l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-26-victim264" type="victimName"> William Hemsley
<interp inst="t17980523-26-victim264" type="surname" value="Hemsley"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-victim264" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-victim264" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-26-off138 t17980523-26-victim264"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-26-person265"> WILLIAM HEMSLEY
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person265" type="surname" value="HEMSLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person265" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17980523-26-viclabel140" type="occupation">stable-keeper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-26-victim264 t17980523-26-viclabel140"/>: On Friday the 27th of April, about eleven o'clock in the evening, I was intoxicated, and after coming out of the Cock-and-hoop, at Holbornbars, I met with the prisoner, she took me to her apartments,
<placeName id="t17980523-26-crimeloc141">No. 10, Wharton's-court</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-crimeloc141" type="placeName" value="No. 10, Wharton's-court"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-crimeloc141" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-26-off138 t17980523-26-crimeloc141"/>; she then fetched a pot of ale, I might be half an hour in her company, I sat down on the side of her bed, and she sat down by me; after a little time I fell asleep for about five minutes, I immediately got up, ran down stairs, and went directly home; after I had got home and sat down, I missed my-notes.</p>
<p>Q. Had you given her any money? - A. No; I asked her what she would have, and she made a demand of half-a-guinea; after that, I said, it won't do; I went down stairs, and went home, but I was so intoxicated I could not find my way to the house again.</p>
<p>Q. Did you, while you were in the room, pull out your money? - A. I did not; I had my hand in my pocket when I paid my reckoning at the public-house door, and the notes were then in my left-hand breeches pocket.</p>
<p>Q. When had you last seen them? - A. About six o'clock in the evening, in Smithfield; there were two five pound Bank-notes, one two, and one one; I have never seen them again. On the Tuesday after I got information where she lodged, I went to the house, and found her up stairs, in the same apartments; I knew the apartments again, and I knew the prisoner again; I sent for an officer, and she was taken to Hatton-garden.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-26-person266"> WILLIAM PAGE
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person266" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person266" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I keep a sale-shop: About three weeks ago, the prisoner at the bar came to my shop to buy a ring and some other articles; it was on a Saturday, and she changed with me a five-pound note; I have not got the note; I had no suspicion of her.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-26-person267"> GEORGE LONGDEN
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person267" type="surname" value="LONGDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person267" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-26-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an officer
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230022"/>belonging to Hatton-garden: I found a ring upon the prisoner. (Produces it.)</p>
<p>Page. This is like the ring that I sold the prisoner, but cannot swear to it; it is not in the same state in which I sold it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I never saw the notes.</p>
<p>The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave her a good character for honesty, but admitted she was an unfortunate girl.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-26-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-26-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-27">
<interp inst="t17980523-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-27" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-27-off143-c208" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-27-defend269 t17980523-27-off143 t17980523-27-verdict147"/>
<persName id="t17980523-27-defend269" type="defendantName"> JOHN KEAY
<interp inst="t17980523-27-defend269" type="surname" value="KEAY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-defend269" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-defend269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was
<rs id="t17980523-27-off143" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-27-off143" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-off143" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> indicted for the wilful murder of
<persName id="t17980523-27-victim271" type="victimName"> Henry Burton
<interp inst="t17980523-27-victim271" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-victim271" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-victim271" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-27-off143 t17980523-27-victim271"/> </persName> </rs>, on the
<rs id="t17980523-27-cd144" type="crimeDate">5th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-27-off143 t17980523-27-cd144"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person272"> SAMUEL BROOKSBY
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person272" type="surname" value="BROOKSBY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person272" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On Saturday, the 5th of May, between seven and eight in the evening, I cannot say justly to the time, I was at the
<placeName id="t17980523-27-crimeloc145">Bell public-house at Battle-bridge</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-crimeloc145" type="placeName" value="Bell public-house at Battle-bridge"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-crimeloc145" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-27-off143 t17980523-27-crimeloc145"/>; the deceased was there; it is a house where we used to pay our people; they had been paid; the deceased was
<rs id="t17980523-27-viclabel146" type="occupation">waiter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-27-victim271 t17980523-27-viclabel146"/> to his son-in-law, to look after the business; the prisoner was there, very much in liquor; I had some beer, and the prisoner came, and drank out of my beer several times, and then I called for another pot of beer, for my wife and I, and one of the men, he came and took part of my beer, and poured it into his own pot; and I said to the deceased, if I pay for a pot of beer, I expect to have it; the deceased then went to the prisoner to take the beer away from him, then there was a little scuffle arose between the deceased and the prisoner; in the scuffle, some of the beer was spilt, and the rest the prisoner threw over him; then he pushed him against a sand-bin, and then Mr. Burton said, when he was helped up, I really believe it is my death-wound; but to do it wilfully, with malice in his heart, to do the man an injury, I do not believe he did; Mr. Burton lived two or three days after.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Did not the deceased, after he got up, strike at me with his fist? - A. No; I never saw either of them strike at all; only the prisoner pushed him backwards.</p>
<p>Q. Was the deceased in liquor at all? - A. No; he was very busy in his business.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person273"> ELIZABETH GREEN
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person273" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person273" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person273" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I live servant at this public-house: I was in the kitchen at the time Burton was pushed, facing the tap-room, I saw him fall; I ran into the tap-room, and helped to pick him up; I did not see whether it was occasioned by a push or a blow; after he got up, and sat upon the sand-bin, he said, this is my death-wound, he has killed me.</p>
<p>Q. How does the sand-bin stand? - A. It is like a bench, and he fell with his left side against it; the prisoner then said, d-n your eyes, you old b-r, I will jump upon your breast-bone; and then we got him into the bar as soon as we could.</p>
<p>Q. Was Burton at all in liquor? - A. No, very sober; the prisoner was in liquor.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person274"> JOHN MARSON
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person274" type="surname" value="MARSON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person274" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - The deceased was my wife's father; he has lived with me for near five years; I keep a public-house.</p>
<p>Q. What age was he? - A. Sixty-six, as night as I can recollect.</p>
<p>Q. Was he a tolerable healthy man? - A. A very hearty man.</p>
<p>Q. You did not see the accident? - A. No; I did not see him till after he was taken up; I went in to assist him, and he said to me, he has killed me, he has done my business for me; I said, I hope not; upon that I led him up stairs; the prisoner afterwards abused me very much; he was in liquor; I led the deceased up stairs, and undressed him, I put him to bed, and gave him some nourishing things; he lived till the Tuesday night; I found his breath very much affected about three o'clock on the Sunday morning, and I sent for an apothecary to bleed him.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell what he died of? - A. According to the apothecary's account, he died of broken ribs, in consequence of this accident.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner a person that used to come to your house? - A. He used some time ago.</p>
<p>Q. There was no ill-blood or spleen between the prisoner and the deceased, was there? - A. Not that I know of.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person275"> RICHARD WAKEFIELD
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person275" type="surname" value="WAKEFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person275" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an apothecary: I was called up about three o'clock on Sunday morning, the 6th of May, to the deceased; I found him lying on his back, in great agony of pain; I examined, and found two of his ribs were broken.</p>
<p>Q. Did he die of that accident? - A. His breathing was very bad; I bled him, in hopes that might relieve him; in the morning I found it had not relieved him; I suppose, from his age, his lungs were unsound; he had had a cough sometime before.</p>
<p>Q. Are you clear that he died of that accident? - A. I have great reason to suppose he died from that accident.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person276"> JOSEPH INWARDS
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person276" type="surname" value="INWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person276" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - A warrant was applied for to apprehend the prisoner: I went in search after him, and did not find him for some time after the death of the deceased; but before Burton died, I thought it right to go and talk with him; I went up to the deceased's bed-chamber.</p>
<p>Q. Was he then sensible that his last hour was approaching? - A. Yes, very sensible; I asked him how it happened, and he said, the prisoner had got a pint of beer, and had drank part of it, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230023"/>filled his pot out of another man's pot that was standing by his; the deceased said, you have taken another man's beer, that is not your beer; upon that, the deceased went to lay hold of the pot, to fill the other man's pot up again, they spilled part of the beer in the scuffle to get it away, and the prisoner threw the remainder at him, he pushed him over the breast, and he fell upon the sand-bin upon his side, and that he had broke two or three of his ribs, he believed, which will be the occasion of my death, says he, that I shall never be able to come down stairs any more; that is all that I know.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I have got some witnesses here that saw it.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person277"> RICHARD MARTIN
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person277" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person277" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I have known the prisoner twelve or thirteen years; he lodged with me; he was a peaceable quiet man as ever lived, except he had got a little too much.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person278"> EDWARD NEWMAN
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person278" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person278" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I have known him about two years; he is a peaceable quiet man.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person279"> HENRY LUCAS
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person279" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person279" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I did not know the prisoner; I was at the bar, paying my money, and the deceased struck the man on the mouth; I will not swear it was the prisoner; I do not know him when I see him.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person280"> JOSEPH SMOAKER
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person280" type="surname" value="SMOAKER"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person280" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I have known him about half a year; he is a peaceable quiet man.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-27-person281"> CHARLES MIRTHWAITE
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person281" type="surname" value="MIRTHWAITE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person281" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-27-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I have known him two years; he is a very humane man; I saw the prisoner come in, and set his goods down, and Brooksby called him, and asked him to drink of his beer; with that he went and drank of his beer, and when he returned his goods were all stole out of the basket; he asked very civilly who had stolen his goods, and they all said, nobody; he did not make any piece of work about his goods; they had got a full pot of beer upon the table, and he put some of it into an empty pot; upon that he went and demanded the pot from him; some of it was spilled, and the prisoner let go the pot; and the deceased jawed him; he pushed him against the settle, and he lay there a little while, and then he was picked up.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-27-verdict147" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-27-verdict147" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17980523-28-defend283" type="defendantName"> GEORGE BOWMAN
<interp inst="t17980523-28-defend283" type="surname" value="BOWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-28-defend283" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-28-defend283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-28-off148" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-28-off148" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-28-off148" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-28-cd149" type="crimeDate">19th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-28-off148 t17980523-28-cd149"/>, four pair of thickset breeches, value 15s. and a pair of Corderoy breeches, value 3s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-28-victim285" type="victimName"> James M'Kane
<interp inst="t17980523-28-victim285" type="surname" value="M'Kane"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-28-victim285" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-28-victim285" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-28-off148 t17980523-28-victim285"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The charge not being brought home to the prisoner, on account of the illness of a principal witness, the prisoner was
<rs id="t17980523-28-verdict150" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-28-verdict150" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-29" type="date" value="17980523"/>
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<persName id="t17980523-29-defend287" type="defendantName"> GEORGE DEGRANGE
<interp inst="t17980523-29-defend287" type="surname" value="DEGRANGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-defend287" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-defend287" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-defend287" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-29-off151" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-29-off151" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-off151" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t17980523-29-cd152" type="crimeDate">25th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-29-off151 t17980523-29-cd152"/>, a cotton gown, value 10s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-29-victim289" type="victimName"> William Clark
<interp inst="t17980523-29-victim289" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-victim289" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-victim289" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-29-off151 t17980523-29-victim289"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Mrs. CLARK sworn. - I am the wife of
<persName id="t17980523-29-person290"> William Clark
<interp inst="t17980523-29-person290" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-person290" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : On Wednesday, the 25th of April, between nine and ten in the morning, I lost a gown out of the passage; I keep a cloaths shop; it hung up for sale; a person of the name of Ashley told me of it.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-29-person291"> JAMES ASHLEY
<interp inst="t17980523-29-person291" type="surname" value="ASHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-person291" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On Wednesday the 25th of April I saw the prisoner and another standing looking in at the shop window of Mrs. Clark for some time; the prisoner then ventured into the passage; the other remained at the shop window; he came out again; he then went into the passage a second time, and unhooked a gown; he looked at two or three, but he took one down which hung upon a nail; he wrapped it up in as small a compass as he could, and put it under his left arm under his coat, and went off with it; I immediately ran out of doors without a hat to pursue him, which I did; I first crossed the way to tell Mrs. Clark of it; I laid hold of him fast by the collar, and brought him back to Mrs. Clark's house, and there I took the gown from him.</p>
<p>Court. (To Mrs. Clark.) Q. You saw Mr. Ashley come back with the prisoner? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him take the gown from him? - A. Yes; I know it is mine by the print.</p>
<p>- GIBBONS sworn. - (Produces the gown.) I received it from Mr. Ashley.</p>
<p>Mrs. Clark. I believe this is the gown; I had hung it in the passage that morning.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any doubt about it being your gown? - A. No, I have not.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. As I was going along the street, I saw this gown lying at the side of the door, right under the window; I took it, rolled it up, and put it under my coat, and that gentleman came and took hold of me.</p>
<p>Q. (To Ashley). Did he pick it up from the ground? - A. He unhooked it from a nail; it was his second attempt.</p>
<p>The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave him a very good character.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-29-verdict153" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-29-verdict153" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 17.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-29-punish154" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-29-punish154" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-punish154" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-29-defend287 t17980523-29-punish154"/> Confined twelve months in the House of Correction </rs>,
<rs id="t17980523-29-punish155" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-29-punish155" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-29-punish155" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="privateWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-29-defend287 t17980523-29-punish155"/> whipped in the gaol </rs>, and discharged.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-30-off156-c227" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-30-defend294 t17980523-30-off156 t17980523-30-verdict158"/>
<persName id="t17980523-30-defend293" type="defendantName"> THOMAS CHADWICK
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<interp inst="t17980523-30-defend293" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-defend293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17980523-30-defend294" type="defendantName"> MARY GLAZEBROOK
<interp inst="t17980523-30-defend294" type="surname" value="GLAZEBROOK"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-defend294" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-defend294" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-30-off156" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-30-off156" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-off156" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing on the
<rs id="t17980523-30-cd157" type="crimeDate">8th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-30-off156 t17980523-30-cd157"/>, a watch, the inside case made of silver, and the outside case made of metal, gilt with gold, value 3l. the property of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230024"/>
<persName id="t17980523-30-victim296" type="victimName"> James Price
<interp inst="t17980523-30-victim296" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-victim296" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-victim296" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-30-off156 t17980523-30-victim296"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17980523-30-person297"> Thomas Horwood
<interp inst="t17980523-30-person297" type="surname" value="Horwood"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-person297" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-30-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>There being no evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoners, they were</p>
<rs id="t17980523-30-verdict158" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-30-verdict158" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17980523-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31" type="year" value="1798"/>
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<interp inst="t17980523-31" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-31-off159-c230" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-defend299 t17980523-31-off159 t17980523-31-verdict163"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-31-off159-c231" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-defend301 t17980523-31-off159 t17980523-31-verdict163"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-31-off159-c232" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-defend302 t17980523-31-off159 t17980523-31-verdict163"/>
<persName id="t17980523-31-defend299" type="defendantName"> JOHN WILD
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend299" type="surname" value="WILD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend299" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend299" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend299" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17980523-31-defend301" type="defendantName"> JOHN SMITH
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend301" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend301" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend301" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend301" type="age" value="32"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17980523-31-defend302" type="defendantName"> JOHN ROBINSON
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend302" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend302" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend302" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-defend302" type="age" value="22"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-31-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-31-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-31-cd160" type="crimeDate">23d of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-off159 t17980523-31-cd160"/>, a piece of gold coin called a guinea </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17980523-31-victim304" type="victimName"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="t17980523-31-victim304" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-victim304" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-victim304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-off159 t17980523-31-victim304"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-31-person305"> THOMAS JONES
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person305" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person305" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a
<rs id="t17980523-31-viclabel161" type="occupation">blacksmith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-victim304 t17980523-31-viclabel161"/> by trade, but having lost the sight of one of my eyes, I do not follow it. On the 23d of April, I hired the prisoner Smith to shew me about London, being a stranger, I had come to town the night before; I gave him half-a-crown for his day's work, and every thing to eat and drink that he liked; we then came home to the Three Kings public-house, in Piccadilly, where I lodged, between one and two o'clock; there we eat our dinners, and Wild and Robinson were drinking there; Smith took me into their company to drink with them; after we had dined, we all went out to take a walk, between three and four o'clock, they took me to shew me a little about London; and then we went to the
<placeName id="t17980523-31-crimeloc162">George in the Hay-market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-crimeloc162" type="placeName" value="George in the Hay-market"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-crimeloc162" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-off159 t17980523-31-crimeloc162"/>, we were drinking together there, and I had no silver to pay for what we had had; I pulled out a guinea, and put it upon the table to get change, and John Wild picked up the guinea and ran away with it; Robinson sat next to me, next the door, so that I could not get out to catch him quick enough; I said to Robinson and Smith, now he has got my guinea I shall go home, or, may be, I shall loss more, and I desired they would take me home; they said he was only gone to get change, and would be back in a few minutes; but I did not stop, I went out of the house directly, and Robinson and Smith with me; as I was going along, Robinson walked on the right side of me, and Smith on the left; I felt Smith rush against me twice, and I felt my purse drawing out of my pocket; I caught him by the collar directly, and said, you have robbed me of my purse and two guineas, he had the purse in his hand; Robinson then said to Smith, give him his purse; and in the course of a minute, he gave me the purse and one guinea.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure there were two guineas in it after you had said the other guinea down upon the table? - A. Yes; I said to Smith, now I have got you, you have robbed me, and I will have you confined, and then Robinson ran away immediately; I took Smith back to the George, where we had been drinking before, and sent for a constable; the patrol and constable came, their names are Woodley and Evans, I gave them charge of Smith, and he was taken to St. James's watch-house, and the next morning to the Magistrate; I gave a description of the other two, and they have been taken since; I knew them again perfectly well.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-31-person306"> ROBERT WOODLEY
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person306" type="surname" value="WOODLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person306" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable of St. James's parish: On Monday night, the 23d of April, I was at the watch-house, and was told I was wanted directly in the Haymarket; I went down, and Rice Evans, the patrole, was there with the prosecutor, who gave charge of Smith; he said he was not guilty, and would go willingly; I did not search him, I took him to the watch-house; I took the other two prisoners upon another charge.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-31-person307"> RICE EVANS
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person307" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person307" type="given" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I was a patrole at that time; I went down to the George, I was there before the constable; when I got there, this countryman had Smith in custody, he charged him with robbing him of his purse and a guinea; Mr. Woodley came about ten minutes after; he told him the affair, and we took him to the watch-house.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-31-person308"> WILLIAM PAYNE
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person308" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person308" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am a constable; I attended the Opera-house that night very near the George, I was told that I was wanted to take charge of a man that was in custody for picking a man's pocket of a purse, with two guineas in it; I went to the George, and there I saw Robinson and Wild; I knew Robinson very well by the name of Ground Ivy, I did not know him by any other name; I went in, and Ground Ivy was leaning with his elbow upon the bar; Wild was standing on his left hand almost facing the front of the bar; I went between the two, I turned round and looked Robinson in the face very hard, and perceived that one of his eyes was black; then I looked to my left and observed Wild with a brown coat on, I did not know him so well as I did the other; I went straight forward past the bar into the kitchen of the public house, I returned back, took a second view of them, and asked the landlady who it was that wanted a constable; oh, sir, says she, that business is all settled, they have taken the man to the watch-house that you were sent for to; she meant Smith; then I spoke to Robinson, alias Ground Ivy, and said, how do you do, master; he said, how are you; that was all that passed at that time; I saw no more of them that night; the next day, Tuesday, I was at Marlborough-street Office, when
<persName id="t17980523-31-person309"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person309" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person309" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-31-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was examined; and after he was examined, I asked the countryman how it was he was robbed; he told me, he had employed this John Smith to shew him the nature of the town, that he had introduced him to the other two men; that they had had him about from place to place till he had lost his guinea, and then afterwards lost his purse; he told me what kind of men they were; his description was that of the other two prisoners at the bar;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230025"/>I told him I knew them very well, for I saw them at the public-house. After Smith was taken to the watch-house, I went in quest of them, with the countryman, on Tuesday afternoon, to several places, to see if I could find them; I went to several public-houses, but could not find them that day; I could not find them on the Wednesday; the Monday following after that, I saw them both at the watch-house, Woodley, the constable, had got them as his prisoners; I asked him, what have you got these two men for, I wanted them myself; why, says he, for robbing a man of a pocket-book and two five puonds notes; says I, what are you going to do with them; he said, to take them to the Magistrate's; says I, do you think they will go with you quietly alone without their hands being tied; and he said, I believe they are; their hands were tied, and they were taken before Mr. Conant, at Marlborough-street and as soon as the countryman saw them, he said they were the men.</p>
<p>Wild's defence. I never saw that man before in my life, it was a man named Fred, not me.</p>
<p>Smith's defence. I attend the mails; this countryman came up with the Oxford mail, very much in liquor, on the 21st of April; he was so much in liquor that he fell off the top of the coach; I went and got him a bed at the request of the coachman; he laid a bed till ten o'clock, he got up, and said he was very well, he should have some breakfast; and he wanted to go to different parts of the town, to buy an organ, and I shewed him into Cheapside and Holborn; he could not find one for his price; we came back to th Three Kings, and there was Robinson, and a man they call Fred, and the countryman, all playing at cards, and drinking and tossing; he went away after that, with a strange man, a barber, to see for an organ, for an hour and a quarter; then they agreed to go to the George, in the Haymarket; what I had I paid for myself; the countryman pulled out a guinea, and Fred. the man that is not here, that Wild is here for, went out to get change; I never saw Robinson before in my life; I had seen Fred. twice before; then he said, he would go and look for his guinea, he pulled out his purse, and stood by the door sometime with his purse in his hand; Robinson and he went to see after the guinea, and I followed them behind, I am lame; I heard them talking about his having lsot his purse. Just as we got to the corner of Orange-street, there was a light in a shop window, and there was the purse on the ground, I showed it to him, and then he said, there was a guinea gone out of it, and Robinson ran away, and he took hold of me, and said, he would have me.</p>
<p>Robinson's defence. I was drinking along with Fred. at the Three Kings. and we were drinking and playing at cards, and tossing, when the countryman and Smith came in; he lost five shillings at cards, and then he took us to the Geroge where we got drinking again; and he took out a guinea to pay for what we had had, and Fred. ran away with it.(One of the Jury said, be was a near neighbour, and that the George was an in famous house)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-31-verdict163" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-31-verdict163" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 22.)</p>
<p>Smith, GUILTY (Aged 32.)</p>
<p>Robinson, GUILTY (Aged 22.)</p>
<rs id="t17980523-31-punish164" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-31-punish164" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-defend299 t17980523-31-punish164"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-defend301 t17980523-31-punish164"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-31-defend302 t17980523-31-punish164"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-32-off165-c239" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-32-defend311 t17980523-32-off165 t17980523-32-verdict169"/>
<persName id="t17980523-32-defend311" type="defendantName"> MARY GLAVE
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<interp inst="t17980523-32-defend311" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-defend311" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-defend311" type="age" value="39"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-32-off165" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-32-off165" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-off165" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17980523-32-victim313" type="victimName"> Thomas Holcomb
<interp inst="t17980523-32-victim313" type="surname" value="Holcomb"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-victim313" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-victim313" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-32-off165 t17980523-32-victim313"/> </persName> , no person being therein, about the hour of twelve in the night of the
<rs id="t17980523-32-cd166" type="crimeDate">21st of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-32-off165 t17980523-32-cd166"/>, with intent the goods in the said house burglariously to steal, and stealing, a feather bed, value 40s. a mattress, value 20s. two feather pillows, value 2s. three woollen blankets, value 15s. a looking-glass in a gilt frame, value 10s. two linen bed-curtains value 12s. a linen vallance, value 2s. and a linen headpiece, value 2s. the property of the said Thomas </rs>.</p>
<p>(The case was opened by Mr. Const.)</p>
<p>Court. There must be an end of the burglary, for it is necessary, in order to bring it within the statute upon which this indictment is founded,"no person being therein," that it should be done in the day-time; therefore, that part of the indictment is clearly bad.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person314"> WILLIAM SKEAY
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<interp inst="t17980523-32-person314" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Const. I am clerk to Mr. Holcumb; the house is situated in
<placeName id="t17980523-32-crimeloc167">Glass-house-fields, Ratcliff-highway</placeName>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-crimeloc167" type="placeName" value="Glass-house-fields, Ratcliff-highway"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-crimeloc167" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-32-off165 t17980523-32-crimeloc167"/>: I do not know any thing of the goods in the house, I know that they were left in the house in the care of one of our coopers,
<persName id="t17980523-32-person315"> William Stone
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person315" type="surname" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person315" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I was present at the time the inventory was taken; I know that such goods were there at that time.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person316"> WILLIAM STONE
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person316" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person316" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by MR. Const. I am cooper to Mr. Holcomb, in Glass-house-fields, I do not know in what parish it is situated; the last time I was there was on the 11th of April; at that time the goods were all safe confined in one room, nailed up, I did it myself; I did not go to the house again till I heard it was broke open, and then I missed the things.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person317"> MARY LEARMAN
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person317" type="surname" value="LEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person317" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person317" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn. - I know Mr. Holcomb's house, I live at No.16, Brook-street, almost opposite the fields where this house was; I know the prisoner perfectly well, I saw her coming out of the house on the 21st of April, between eleven and twelve at night, my son was with me; she was coming out at a pair of folding doors behind the house, with a bed; I could see the stripes of the bed very distinctly.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230026"/>Q. Was any body with her? - A. Nobody that I saw; she went towards her own house with it.</p>
<p>Court. Q. How far does she live from Mr. Holcomb's? - A. Not further than that wall.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. Did you know the prisoner before? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Why did not you take her into custody? - A. I had not such a thought of it; I had no thoughts of law.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you go to the Public-office the next day? - A. Yes; when I was fetched.</p>
<p>Q. How long was it since you had seen the prisoner before? - A. I often see her as I pass.</p>
<p>Q. How came you out so late at night? - A. I was about my own business.</p>
<p>Q. What business might you have been out upon? - A. My husband is a labouring man, and I had no money till I got his wages, and I went out to market.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever lodged with the prisoner? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You lived upon very good terms? - A. Always; till I gave her warning.</p>
<p>Q. Did it ever happen that she summoned you before a Magistrate? - A. Yes; for three broken panes of glass.</p>
<p>Q. You had a little dispute about that, I believe? - A. Very little, for I never had much talk with her.</p>
<p>Q. Did she ever summon you for any thing else? - A. Yes, for a stove-brush; but that I knew nothing of.</p>
<p>Q. Then you were very angry with her for that? - A. I had no spite against her.</p>
<p>Q. Has she ever summoned you for rent? - A. I owed her none.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you lived with her? - A. Thirteen months; I was to pay her twenty pence a week.</p>
<p>Q. Had you paid her all that? - A. I sent her the keys and the money.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear that she did not summon you for rent? - A. She did not.</p>
<p>Court. Q. According to this account, you have known this woman for some time? - A. Yes; she is a rope-maker's
<rs id="t17980523-32-deflabel168" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-32-defend311 t17980523-32-deflabel168"/>, his name is
<persName id="t17980523-32-person318"> Joseph Glave
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person318" type="surname" value="Glave"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person318" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person319"> GEORGE LEARMAN
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person319" type="surname" value="LEARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person319" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - Examined by Mr. Const. I went out with my mother on Saturday night, between eleven and twelve, and saw the prisoner coming out of a pair of folding-doors, at Mr. Holcomb's house, with a bed.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person320"> WILLIAM ELBY
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person320" type="surname" value="ELBY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person320" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am an officer of Shadwell: I was employed to apprehend Mrs. Glave, at her house in Glasshouse-fields; she absconded; I saw her husband on the Monday, the 23d, I told him it would be as well for her to come up in the morning, the 24th, and he told me that she should; instead of that, Mr. Haines and I, and another officer, got up early in the morning, and waited for the house being open, with a search warrant; that was about seven o'clock; the prisoner was there; and while we were there, the husband came in, I asked him to open a chest that was in the room; I asked him what was in it, he told me there was nothing but feathers; in searching, I found this looking-glass; and here is a sample of the feathers; (producing them); I found two or three duplicates upon her, and two duplicates she threw down upon the floor; I picked them up, and it contains a bed-tick pawned for five shillings, in a different name to that she goes by; she said she bought it of a Jew in Rosemary-lane, she gave six shillings for it; the pawnbroker is here; she told me she had had this glass for a good while.</p>
<p>Q. How many feathers might there be? - A. They were three or four inches deep.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. You went to the husband's house on the Monday? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And, notwithstanding that, on the Tuesday morning you found her at home? - A. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person321"> JOSEPH HAYNES
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person321" type="surname" value="HAYNES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person321" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I went with Mr. Elby; I know no more than he does.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-32-person322"> JAMES BALL
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person322" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person322" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I know the prisoner at the bar: I live at Mr. Dexter's, a pawnbroker, in Whitechapel-road; she pledged with me a bed-tick for five shillings, on the 23d of April. (Produces it.)</p>
<p>Q. Look at that duplicate? - A. That is my writing, I gave it her; she pledged it in the name of Astor.</p>
<p>Mr. Const. That is her maiden name.</p>
<p>Q. (To Stone.) Can you undertake to swear that that is the tick of a bed that was in Mr. Holcomb's house? - A. I lay upon the bed near three weeks, and I made it every night, and have no doubt but it is the same bed; I have not the least doubt about it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the glass? - A. No; I cannot say about the glass.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. You are servant to Mr. Holcomb? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You were before the Magistrate? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were not you examined about the identity of some bed-curtains that were produced? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not undertake to say that these bed-curtains were in the house? - A. I said they were like them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not say they were the curtains that were in the house, till the person came forward, and proved that they were in his possession? - A. I never said any thing but that they were like them.</p>
<p>Q. The curtains hung round the bed, and of course, you had a better opportunity of being acquainted
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230027"/> with them than you could have of the tick? - A. No, I cannot say that I had; only in regard to the pattern.</p>
<p>Q. And you made no observation upon the bed, but when you were making it? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. There are many qualities and sizes of ticking? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you not think you are as likely to be mistaken in the one as in the other? - A. I have no doubt it is the same tick.</p>
<p>The prisoner left her defence to her Counsel.</p>
<p>One of the Jury. Q. I wish to know by what particular mark you can distinguish that bed-tick from another of the same size and stripe? - A. There is an addition made to it in widening it, and also a very remarkable seam.</p>
<p>Jury. Nine bed-ticks out of ten are made in the same way; that is not an addition, but the way in which they are usually made.</p>
<p>The prisoner called
<persName id="t17980523-32-person323"> Rebecca Wright
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person323" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person323" type="given" value="Rebecca"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-person323" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who gave her a good character.</p>
<p>GUILTY (Aged 39).</p>
<rs id="t17980523-32-verdict169" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-32-verdict169" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-32-verdict169" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Of stealing goods to the value of 4s </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17980523-32-punish170" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-32-punish170" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-32-defend311 t17980523-32-punish170"/> Transported for seven years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17980523-33">
<interp inst="t17980523-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33" type="year" value="1798"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17980523"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33" type="date" value="17980523"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17980523-33-off171-c251" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-33-defend325 t17980523-33-off171 t17980523-33-verdict175"/>
<persName id="t17980523-33-defend325" type="defendantName"> JOHN CASTLE
<interp inst="t17980523-33-defend325" type="surname" value="CASTLE"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-defend325" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-defend325" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-defend325" type="age" value="27"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17980523-33-off171" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17980523-33-off171" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-off171" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17980523-33-cd172" type="crimeDate">17th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-33-off171 t17980523-33-cd172"/>, five pounds weight of pearl-ash, value 2s. 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17980523-33-victim327" type="victimName"> John Kent
<interp inst="t17980523-33-victim327" type="surname" value="Kent"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-victim327" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-victim327" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-33-off171 t17980523-33-victim327"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17980523-33-person328"> JOHN KENT
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person328" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person328" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - The prisoner was a
<rs id="t17980523-33-deflabel173" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-33-defend325 t17980523-33-deflabel173"/> of mine; I am a
<rs id="t17980523-33-viclabel174" type="occupation">refiner of salt-petre and pearl-ash</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17980523-33-victim327 t17980523-33-viclabel174"/>: Having a suspicion of the prisoner, I went with an officer to search his house; upon searching his lodgings, we found four or five pounds of pearl-ash in his room; upon comparing them with the cask that I supposed they came out of, they appeared to be the same.</p>
<p>Q. You cannot swear positively to them? - A. Yes, I can; by their being my own manufacture, and by the make and shape of them; and there were some pieces that were broke from what was left in the cask, which tallied exactly; the moment I saw it, I said, this comes out of such a cask; we have lost a great deal of late. The prisoner has lived with me, I believe, near twelve months.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. You manufacture yourself? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You have a very considerable manufactory? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You have a partner, I believe, in the business? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner at home when you went to his lodgings? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know they were his lodgings? - A. The officer and my foreman can tell more about that.</p>
<p>Q. Have you got those other pieces, that you say tallied with these? - A. No, I have not.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think it possible for a man to swear to one piece of pearl-ash for another, merely because it happens to tally? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You send a great quantity of pearl-ash about town? - A. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-33-person329"> EDWARD SILVERWOOD
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person329" type="surname" value="SILVERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person329" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - I am foreman to Mr. Kent's factory: I had some reason to believe my master was robbed; I missed a great deal of pearl-ash; I have frequently seen my master's property in the prisoner's pocket; when I have not seen it, I have seen his pockets loaded; I was afraid to take him, there being three men together, going out to breakfast; I was afraid of being knocked down; I told my master of it, and he got a search-warrant, and went to the prisoner's house.</p>
<persName id="t17980523-33-person330"> EDWARD ROGERS
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person330" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person330" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17980523-33-person330" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn. - On the 17th of this month, Mr. Kent came to the Shadwell-office, and got a warrant; I went to the prisoner's house, and was directed to the upper story, I went up, and there was a woman there.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner acknowledge that they were his lodgings? - A. He told me they were; in the afternoon, after he was in custody, in that room, I found this property, this bag was lying in the room, and this pearl-ash, in this cloth, lying on the bag, (produces them); I asked his wife to open a trunk, and she gave me the key out of her pocket, I found nothing else; I took the prisoner in the evening working at a rope-ground, at Stepney; I took him to the office.</p>
<p>Q. (To Mr. Kent.) Was not he in your service at that time? - A. In the morning he was, but had absented.</p>
<p>Rogers. The prisoner said, that the former foreman had given him little quantities of pearl-ash for his own use, and he thought he had a right to take them, because the other foreman had given them to him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Alley. Q. He said, the apartments you were at were his? - A. Yes; I pointed out the garrets and asked if they were his; and he said, yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say whether he had apartments in the house, or that the apartments you were in were his? - A. He said, the garrets, were his; the doors were both open.</p>
<p>Q. There were other lodgers in the house? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He said, he thought he had a right to take some, because the former foreman had permitted it? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What did you say to him, did you not tell
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179805230028"/>