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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery FOR THE COUNTY OF MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL, IN THE OLD-BAILEY, On WEDNESDAY the 2d of DECEMBER, 1795, and the following Days, BEING THE FIRST SESSION IN THE MAYORALTY OF The Right Hon. WILLIAM CURTIS, Esq. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY MARSOM & RAMSEY, AND Published by Authority.</p>
<p>LONDON: Printed and published by W. WILSON, No. 15, St. Peter's-Hill, Little Knight-Rider-Street, Doctors'-Commons.</p>
<p>1795.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE
<persName id="f17951202-1-person1" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM CURTIS
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person1" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq.
<persName id="f17951202-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the CITY of LONDON; Sir RICHARD PERRYN, one of the Barons of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir NASH GROSE, one of the Justices of His Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; Sir
<persName id="f17951202-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN WILLIAM
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person3" type="surname" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person3" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ROSE, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="f17951202-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN SILVESTER
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person4" type="surname" value="SILVESTER"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Common-Serjeant at Law of the said city; and others, His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the CITY of LONDON, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of NEWGATE, holden for the said City and County of MIDDLESEX.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person5" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hose
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person5" type="surname" value="Hose"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person5" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Robert Scott
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person6" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person6" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Joseph Barton
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person7" type="surname" value="Barton"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person7" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Charles John Round
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person8" type="surname" value="John Round"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person8" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Richard Martin
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person9" type="surname" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person9" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Robert Scratton
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person10" type="surname" value="Scratton"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person10" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person11" type="jurorName"> William Pindar
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person11" type="surname" value="Pindar"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person11" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Joseph Kaye
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person12" type="surname" value="Kaye"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person12" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Philip Payne
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person13" type="surname" value="Payne"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person13" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Charles Skinner
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person14" type="surname" value="Skinner"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person14" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Matthew Davies
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person15" type="surname" value="Davies"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person15" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person16" type="jurorName"> John Willie
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person16" type="surname" value="Willie"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person16" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Richard Reader
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person17" type="surname" value="Reader"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person17" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Thomas Dawes
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person18" type="surname" value="Dawes"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person18" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Joseph Jacob
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person19" type="surname" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person19" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person20" type="jurorName"> William White
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person20" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person20" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person21" type="jurorName"> William Maine
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<interp inst="f17951202-1-person21" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person22" type="jurorName"> David Nicholls
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person22" type="surname" value="Nicholls"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person22" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Richard Moorby
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person23" type="surname" value="Moorby"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person23" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Thomas Ellis
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person24" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person24" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Francis Glossop
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person25" type="surname" value="Glossop"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person25" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Thomas Knight
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person26" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person26" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person27" type="jurorName"> William Read
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person27" type="surname" value="Read"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person27" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Finney
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person28" type="surname" value="Finney"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person29" type="jurorName"> James Tregent
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person29" type="surname" value="Tregent"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person29" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person30" type="jurorName"> George Hewitt
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person30" type="surname" value="Hewitt"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person30" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person31" type="jurorName"> William Bailey
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person31" type="surname" value="Bailey"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person31" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Edward Johnson
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person32" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person32" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person33" type="jurorName"> William Clark
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person33" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person33" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person34" type="jurorName"> James Christie
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person34" type="surname" value="Christie"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person34" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person35" type="jurorName"> Thomas Willows
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person35" type="surname" value="Willows"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person35" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Richard Clarke
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person36" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person36" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Samuel Palmer
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person37" type="surname" value="Palmer"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person37" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person38" type="jurorName"> Peter Upstall
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person38" type="surname" value="Upstall"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person38" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person39" type="jurorName"> John Marshall
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person39" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person39" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17951202-1-person40" type="jurorName"> Thomas Lucas
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person40" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person40" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17951202-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020003"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON, &c.</p> </div1>
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<p>1.
<persName id="t17951202-1-defend42" type="defendantName"> SARAH GLASS
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<interp inst="t17951202-1-defend42" type="age" value="47"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17951202-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a silver pint mug, value 3s. a silver pepper castor, value 8s. a silver milk pot, value 10s. a green morine window curtain, value 3s. 4 linen window curtains, value 15s. four mens' linen shirts, value 15s. and four linen sheets, value 18s. the property of
<persName id="t17951202-1-victim44" type="victimName"> John Peter Thompson
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-1-off1 t17951202-1-victim44"/> </persName> , in his dwelling house </rs>, on the
<rs id="t17951202-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">29th of October</rs>
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<p>JOHN PETER THOMPSON sworn.</p>
<p>I lost the articles in the indictment at various times; the prisoner had been
<rs id="t17951202-1-deflabel3" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-1-defend42 t17951202-1-deflabel3"/> in my house three years; she was taken up by a constable from my house; I missed them all on Thursday the 29th of October last, the day the King went to the House; I had no suspicion of the prisoner; I have had a counterpane and two shirts given up; the other articles are now in the pawnbroker's hands; I should know them again if I saw them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-1-person45"> WILLIAM BETSWORTH
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person45" type="surname" value="BETSWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person45" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Pawnbroker, 26, Cranbourn-street, sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner between three and four years. On the 26th February she pledged with me a mild pot and tea spoon; on the 23th of April she pledged a curtain; on the 11th of May, two sheets; on the 23d of May, a gown of her own, and a sheet belonging to Mr. Thompson; she pledged them in the name of
<persName id="t17951202-1-person46"> Sarah Keane
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person46" type="surname" value="Keane"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person46" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person46" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the name she used to go by.</p>
<p>JOHN BROWN sworn.</p>
<p>I produce a pint mug and a pepper castor which were pledged on the 7th of July by the prisoner; I have known her four years.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-1-person47"> ELISHA WRAY
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person47" type="surname" value="WRAY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person47" type="given" value="ELISHA"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to a pawnbroker in Bridges-street, Covent Garden. Four window curtains, two sheets, and three shirts were, pledged with me at four different times, by the prisoner, on the 24th of February, 9th March, 20th April, and 15th May.(Edward Treadway, a constable, produced two duplicates which he received from the prosecutor; I did not find any thing upon the prisoner.)(The goods produced in Court.)</p>
<p>Mr. Thompson. This mug is my property; it has been in the family about two years; it has my crest and motto upon it; it cost four guineas. With regard to the curtain I think I can safely swear to it, but it has no particular mark; I cannot positively swear to it. I can only swear to one of the sheets, worth about 7 or
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020004"/>8s. this shirt has my mark, it is worth about 8s. the milk pot I think is worth 13s. I know it by the crest and motto; the pepper castor has the same, and is worth 10s. the four window curtains are mine; I think they are worth a guinea and a half; the two sheets are mine, they are worth half-a-guinea; the shirts are mine, my name is on them, they are worth 15s.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. My Lord, I unfortunately had a hand in the lottery.</p>
<p>One of the Jury to Brown.
<persName id="t17951202-1-person48"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person48" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-person48" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> What was the pint mug pledged for? - A. A guinea and a half.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-1-verdict4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-1-verdict4" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> GUILTY, Of stealing the goods to the value of 39s. </rs>(Aged 47.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>2.
<persName id="t17951202-2-defend50" type="defendantName"> HENRY SANDERSON
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<interp inst="t17951202-2-defend50" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-defend50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for
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<interp inst="t17951202-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> that he on the
<rs id="t17951202-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">14th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-2-off6 t17951202-2-cd7"/>, with a certain offensive weapon called a pistol, upon
<persName id="t17951202-2-victim51" type="victimName"> Robert Maddox
<interp inst="t17951202-2-victim51" type="surname" value="Maddox"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-victim51" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-victim51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-2-off6 t17951202-2-victim51"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, with intent the monies of the said Robert from his person and against his will </rs>.</p>
<p>ROBERT MADDOX sworn.</p>
<p>I live in the parish of Finchley; three gentlemen of us were going home in a chaise, and were stopped at half after six, about a quarter of a mile below the Bull, at
<placeName id="t17951202-2-crimeloc8">Highgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-crimeloc8" type="placeName" value="Highgate"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-crimeloc8" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-2-off6 t17951202-2-crimeloc8"/>, by three men; one man caught hold of my horse's head, and I horse-whipped him; upon that he said, God blast, you fire: immediately a pistol went off; I did not see the person that discharged it, it went off the near side of my cart, close to the wheel; I was sitting on the off side of the cart, the outside of the three; I cannot swear punctually to the prisoner; I had never seen him before, nor after.</p>
<p>Q. Did they demand your money of you? -
<persName id="t17951202-2-person52"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person52" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person52" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Nothing, my Lord, I did not give them so much time; I horse-whipped them all the time, and told them I would not be robbed.</p>
<p>Upon his cross examination, he said it was a very dark evening, he could not discern clearly the horse's head; that they had been to town upon business, where they had been drinking a couple of bottles of wine and a pot of beer among six people; he did not say before the magistrate that he found himself a little the worse for liquor, that he laid the whip on the person who had hold of the horse's head to the uttermost of his power, but that the thong was so light it could make no impression; that if the prisoner was there, he was the man that held the horse's head, and whom he so beat with the whip; that Singleton had not since endeavoured to persuade him or quarrelled with him because he would not strain his conscience to say that he was the man.</p>
<p>Court. What day was this? - A. On Wednesday; I cannot say the day of the month; it was about six weeks ago, I believe, if not more.</p>
<p>THOMAS SINGLETON sworn.</p>
<p>On Wednesday, about six or seven weeks ago (I don't know what day of the month), between six and seven in the evening, I was going with the last witness and another person in a chaise cart; I sat at the outside on the left hand; Maddox sat on the right hand and drove; a man stopped the head of the horse; he came up on the right hand side I know, because while Maddox was thrashing him I did all I could to see his face, but the horse's head was between him and me, and of course I could not see the man; immediately the man at the horse's head said, blast you, fire at them: I did not see any body till I had received the fire; it was fired at the left hand, close to me; it was the man that stood at the horse's head that fired, I am certain of that; he gave the order to fire: directly as he ordered the man to fire, I naturally put my elbow up, and received the ball in my elbow, and the fire struck my face; the next morning, when I went to put on my coat, it fell out; as soon as I had recovered from the blow, I turned round and saw a man close to me, but who it was I don't know.</p>
<p>Upon his cross examination, he said he did not know what it was that could stop the ball; that his elbow was scratched a little, that he had got the powder in his face.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Were you sensible of it at the time? A. No, for the fire came so strong in my face, I had not the least idea that it was a ball; it was a leaden ball. (Produce it.)</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. Q. And that ball was repelled by your elbow, with only a slight scratch? - A. I suppose it must have been put in loose, without
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020005"/>being rammed, and the powder upon it, or else it must have blown my brains out.</p>
<p>Court.
<persName id="t17951202-2-person53"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person53" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person53" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Were you sober at the time? - A. I was.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-2-person54"> JOHN JOINER
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person54" type="surname" value="JOINER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person54" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took the prisoner as he was running across the road, about half past six o'clock, as near as I can guess, on Wednesday evening, about six or seven weeks ago; I never saw him before, that I know of; it was between Highgate and Finchley;
<persName id="t17951202-2-person55"> Wm. Timms
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person55" type="surname" value="Timms"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person55" type="given" value="Wm."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was with me, I was rather before him; I heard a pistol go off, after hearing the report of the pistol I heard murder cried: I then proceeded to run to their assistance, towards the place where the coach came down; I heard the coach stop; there were two men came running across the road into the foot-path; I enquired what was the matter, they said they could not tell, but they continued running from across the road about one hundred yards from where I heard the pistol; I continued running, and caught hold of
<persName id="t17951202-2-person56"> Henry Sanderson
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person56" type="surname" value="Sanderson"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person56" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner at the bar, he was stopping on the foot-path when I laid hold of him; I enquired what was the matter, he said he did not know, he thought he was shot at: I asked him what made him in such a tremble, or what gave him reason to think he was shot at; he said he thought he felt the shot about his head, or his hat, I cannot tell which, for I was very much flurried; I told him he must come down to where I could see the coach stop; he made no resistance in the least, but went down quietly; he was taken to Highgate, I went with him; I don't know whether he was searched or no.</p>
<p>Cross examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. Both you and the man were frightened at the report of the pistol? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When you and your companion desired him to go with you to the place where you heard the cry of murder, he went very quietly? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>WM. TIMMS sworn.</p>
<p>The last witness and I were going home about a quarter after six at night, near the five milestone, just as you go down in the bottom between Highgate and Finchley; I heard a pistol go off, and I heard murder cried, and these two men ran by about a minute and an half after. Joiner caught hold of one of the men as he came through the posts, and desired me to catch hold of the other. The prisoner said he had been shot at he believed, for he heard the shot go over his head; I said, now then we will go back and see who has shot you. We took him back, and took him to the cart, about one hundred yards, as near as possible, and there they said that was the man that held the horse by the head. We then took him and put him into Highgate cage. I did not see him searched; I tied his hands behind him; he said, for God's sake, let me go.</p>
<p>Upon his cross examination he said it was a dark night, but that there was a stage going by with two lamps, that Mr. Fox the constable had him in custody afterwards.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I waited at Mr. Bolton's to get a place to drive a stage coach; I had been there at the tap-room in the Golden Cross yard, and was drinking with four or five coachmen; we were talking about where we had drove; I said I had been in Ireland. driving the mails there, and they asked me if I knew one Joseph Daffney? One of them said, I came from him the day before yesterday, and brought a letter from him for you, and left it at the Lower Wrestlers, Highgate; he wrote down the name of Warwickshire and Gloucestershire, where he had been, and I paid a pot of beer, and went home to South-street, Manchester-square, and had some tea; I told my wife I should be back by nine o'clock at farthest; when I got to Highgate it was dark; I asked a man in Highgate whereabouts it was, and he directed me to keep strait forward, and I should see it on the right hand; I went forward, and seeing a light lower down the hill on the right hand, I imagined it to be the Lower Wrestlers; I made for that light, it being dark; I did not know the Lower Wrestlers; I walked on a great pace, and just before I came to this light I overtook a man with a light smock frock, and asked him which was the Lower Wrestlers; he said, my friend, you are coming beyond it; says he, it is farther back; I thanked him; he wished me good night, and we parted; I had not left him I dare say above thirty or forty rods before this cart stopped, and a pistol fired, though I did not know it to be a cart or a chaise, it was so dark; and by the pistol being fired, I dare say
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020006"/>I might run twelve or fourteen yards in a fright, not knowing whether the person in the dark might shoot at me or not, till I came to the posts, where I met with these two men, who asked me what was the matter; I said I could not tell; I did not know whether I was shot at or not; these two people passed me four or five yards; I went towards Highgate, and they went towards the place where the pistol was fired; they turned back, and one clapped his hand upon one shoulder and the other upon the other, and said you are the man I have been looking for; I made answer - then I suppose I must go with you, and then they took hold of me and pulled me right in the middle of the road, and kept crying out, - We have got him, we have got him! Upon that, they took me to the cart, Maddox was there, and he said he believed I was the man that held the horse; upon that they tied my hands behind me; upon which, Singleton laid hold of me, and said he was a constable, and would take care of me, and put me in the care of these two men that took me up; one of them was so intoxicated, he tumbled backwards. Maddox got out of the cart to secure me from running away, and they took me to Highgate, to a public house, I believe the Red Lion, and there they sent for a constable and searched me, and found nothing about me but a knife, four shillings, a pocket-book, with a direction to the person at the Lower Wrestlers, where I was going for this letter.</p>
<p>Evidence for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>THOMAS FOX sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable at Highgate; I was sent for to take charge of the prisoner, after he was taken; he was searched, there was found upon him a trifle of silver, a few halfpence, and I heard it said that there was a direction in his pocket, which, the people about him said, was to the Lower Wrestlers.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Did you see the direction? - A. I saw it in the hands of Singleton.</p>
<p>Upon his cross examination he said, the prisoner was stripped, and that he did not perceive any marks of violence about him.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Whereabouts is the Wrestlers? - A. The last public-house in Highgate, on the right hand.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys to Singleton. Q. Did you see the direction that was found upon the prisoner? - A. I don't recollect it; the people about him said there was a direction found upon him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any paper taken out of his pocket? - A. No; there was a little purse with four shillings in it taken from him.</p>
<p>Q. How many yards is the Wrestlers from the place where the cart stopped, an hundred yards? - A. A great deal more.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Was the place where the cart stopped further from London than the Lower Wrestlers? - A. Yes, five or six hundred yards; I dare say a great way; the Wrestlers is the last public-house in the town.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any houses near the place where you were stopped? -
<persName id="t17951202-2-person57"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person57" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person57" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Just beyond it there were two private houses, one a farm house, and the other a private gentleman's house.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-2-person58"> ROBERT BELLAMY
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person58" type="surname" value="BELLAMY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person58" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Highgate; I was present when the prisoner was searched by Mr. Singleton.</p>
<p>Q. Was he sober or tipsey? - A. He had been drinking: they found about four shillings, I believe, in a little bit of a sob in his watch pocket, and the prisoner said he had a paper in his pocket to call for a letter, and said he had got past the house and lost his road; it was a very dark night, I could hardly see my hands; when I went out to the door there were so many people about him I was obliged to push them away; I saw them pull a bit of paper out of his pocket, but what the contents were I don't know, nor did I hear it read.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-2-person59"> THOMAS MILLS
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person59" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person59" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. sworn.</p>
<p>Q. You are a counsellor at law in Lincoln's Inn? - A. Yes; I have known this man more than sixteen years; he was a postilion to my father three or four years; he behaved extremely well; I had directions from my father to get him a better place; I did; he behaved extremely well in that place; a few years ago I recommended him to another place, after having made an enquiry into his conduct in the former places, which I found to be as good as when he lived with my father; I have had the opportunity of hearing from him constantly; from that time to the present he was always industrious, and supported his wife and family by his labour; he is a most excellent
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020007"/>coachman, and I have, since he was taken up, heard such a character as few men in his situation could boast; he was confined in the hospital about five months ago; after he recovered he came to me, and I gave him some money, and have been trying to recommend him to a coachman's place; unfortunately Mr. Watt is out of town, who assured me he recommended him to Mr. Bolton. I declare, my Lord, if he was acquitted, I would take him into my service to-morrow.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. I have seventeen more witnesses, my Lord, if it were necessary to call them.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-2-verdict9" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-2-verdict9" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Not GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-3">
<interp inst="t17951202-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-3-off10-c57" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-3-defend61 t17951202-3-off10 t17951202-3-verdict15"/>
<p>3.
<persName id="t17951202-3-defend61" type="defendantName"> THOMAS EDWARDS
<interp inst="t17951202-3-defend61" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-defend61" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-defend61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-3-off10" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-3-off10" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-off10" type="offenceSubcategory" value="threateningBehaviour"/> that he, on the
<rs id="t17951202-3-cd11" type="crimeDate">10th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-3-off10 t17951202-3-cd11"/>, unlawfully, wickedly, and feloniously, did send a certain letter, in writing, without any name being subscribed thereto, to
<persName id="t17951202-3-victim63" type="victimName"> Richard Meux
<interp inst="t17951202-3-victim63" type="surname" value="Meux"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-victim63" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-victim63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-3-off10 t17951202-3-victim63"/> </persName> , of Liquor-Pond-street,
<rs id="t17951202-3-viclabel12" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-3-victim63 t17951202-3-viclabel12"/> a liege subject of our Lord the King, directed to the said Richard, by the name and description of Mr. Meux, Brewer, Liquor-Pond-street, Leather-lane, Holborn, threatening to kill and murder him </rs>.(The Indictment was stated by Mr. Raine, and the Case by Mr. Fielding.)</p>
<p>The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person64"> RICHARD MEUX
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person64" type="surname" value="MEUX"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person64" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner at the bar came to live with me as coachman ten years ago; he has left my service about five years; he then commenced
<rs id="t17951202-3-deflabel13" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-3-defend61 t17951202-3-deflabel13"/>; I am a
<rs id="t17951202-3-viclabel14" type="occupation">brewer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-3-victim63 t17951202-3-viclabel14"/> in Liquor-Pond-street; I supplied him with beer; the last public-house he kept was the Key, in Fleet Market; I had lent him some money upon the lease, which he had mortgaged; he owed me at the time the letter was wrote six or seven hundred pounds; it was not for beer altogether, but money that I had lent him.</p>
<p>Court. Q. I should suppose you had a good opinion of him? - A. The lease was a very good security: I had a good opinion of him at the same time. The prisoner's wife applied to me on Wednesday the 7th of October, in the evening, about six o'clock, to tell they were overburdened with halfpence; I told her we were also overburdened with halfpence; I consented to take ten or twenty pounds; I sent the man down to their house, and he brought up twenty pounds; about half an hour after that, Edwards himself brought up twenty pounds more, to my counting-house in Liquor-Pond-street; I expostulated with him upon the impropriety of bringing twenty pounds more, when I consented only to take twenty; he said he had got twenty more, which made sixty, and was particularly impertinent; upon which, I said, you are a very impertinent man; I desire these halfpence may go back again, and it is not of any use for me to talk to you - you put in ten words to my one - you are an impertinent fellow, and I with you would not come here any more, but go to another brewhouse, and pay off your account; and then I left him; I did not stop to hear any reply.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Had you had any instance of impertinence from him before? -
<persName id="t17951202-3-person65"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person65" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person65" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Repeatedly, the whole time he was with me as a servant, and during the time of his being a publican; likewise on the tenth of October, in the morning, I received several letters, among which was this which came by the Penny Post.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Have you had occasion to see the prisoner write? - A. I cannot say but I have several receipts for his wages, and some of my agents can speak to that very fully.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Can you say that that letter is his hand-writing? - A. To the best of my knowledge it is, but I never saw him write.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys.
<persName id="t17951202-3-person66"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person66" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person66" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> This conversation passed on the 7th, and on the 10th you received this letter? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long before you caused him to be taken up? - A. Four or five days.</p>
<p>Q. Was it not thirteen days from the receipt of the letter before you had him taken up? - A. No, it was not; I believe some of my people in court can tell precisely to a day.</p>
<p>Q. You mean to say he was taken up before the 23d? - I cannot say, I have no desire to say any more than the fact; this business was considered among my friends before I had him taken up.</p>
<p>Q. You kept him five years in your service? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person67"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person67" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person67" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Whether, between the 7th day and the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020008"/>time this unfortunate language took place, he did not make you more payments than one? - A. I cannot say; I fancy he made one payment besides the halfpence, in the common course of his monthly payments, which were usually made.</p>
<p>Q. Before you took him up you got all your beer out of his cellar, by your servants? - A. Yes: it was not in condition to draw.</p>
<p>Q. Was not that a stratagem, to get it out of his possession; would you not have taken it from any other publican under such circumstances? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was not this a contrivance to get the beer out of his possession, before you had him taken up? - A. I cannot answer to that; I would always speak the truth upon every occasion.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person68"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person68" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person68" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You must know whether it was a contrivance to get the beer out of his possession before you took him? - A. It was not in a condition to draw.</p>
<p>Q. I must have a plain answer; was not that a contrivance to get away his property, before you took him up? - A. I cannot pretend to say that was not a consideration.</p>
<p>Q. Was it or was it not the reason that you would not take him up till you had got the possession of the property? - A. I cannot positively say.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear that it was not with an intention, first of all, to get away his property before you took him up, that that was done? - A. I believe it was.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Was it taken away at the request of the prisoner? - No; he consented to it, for it was really not in a condition to draw.</p>
<p>Q. He did not make any remonstrance against it, but behaved in an orderly way? - A. The beer was out of condition and had; he was going on in such a riotons way, in drunkenness, fighting, and playing in such a bad tradesman-like manner, that I did not think the property safe in his hands, that was one reason.</p>
<p>Q. And it was another reason that you would not take him up till you had got the property from him? - A. That was not the whole reason, coupling the two things together with the letter he wrote, and the manner in which he was living, that I did not think it safe even if the letter had not been read.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath was not this the reason why you wished to get the property from him? - A. Both coupled together was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you happen to take away this beer before you suspected he was the author of this letter? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Has not the man endeavoured from that time to do all the justice in his power as to any demands you had against him? - A. He has certainly paid me all; he does not owe us a shilling.</p>
<p>Mr. Raine. Q. You did not order him to be apprehended immediately? - A. No, the reason of that was, I wished to consult my friends upon the subject what steps were proper to take.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person69"> JOHN WILKINSON
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person69" type="surname" value="WILKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person69" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am acquainted with the prisoner at the bar, I have seen him write twice or three times.</p>
<p>Q. Is your knowledge of his hand writing such as to enable you to speak certainly to his hand writing? - A. Only by comparison with what he has wrote and the letter.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person70"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person70" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person70" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> From having seen him write? - A. Yes, I was confident from having seen him write that it was his.</p>
<p>Q. Whether from having seen him write you have a belief that that is his hand writing? - A. I have seen this letter before, and minutely investigated it, and compared it with his writing.</p>
<p>Q. You must not make that the medium of your belief, by comparing it with what you have seen, but having seen him write, and from the things that he wrote at the time, have you a belief upon the subject that that is his writing? - A. I have; I believe that to be his writing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You began by stating that it was by a comparison of hand writing you were enabled to know the hand-writing? -
<persName id="t17951202-3-person71"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person71" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person71" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Exactly so.</p>
<p>Q. That having seen the writing of the prisoner you have reason to believe it was his writing? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You compared that letter with the hand writing of the prisoner? - A. Yes, I don't know that I should have known that it was his hand writing if I had not compared it with the prisoner's hand-writing before.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020009"/>Mr. Fielding. Q. First of all you have seen him write? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You have a memory of that? - A. I do remember seeing him write.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him write that very thing? - A. Yes, I wrote what he signed.</p>
<p>Q. Independent of your memory of the character of his writing, and having seen the instrument that he wrote, independent of any comparison of the one with the other, can you take upon yourself to say whether you believe this to be or no this hand writing? - A. No, I cannot.</p>
<p>RICHARD LATHAM sworn.</p>
<p>I live in the house of Mr. Meux; I know the prisoner; I never saw him write but before Mr. Bond, in Bow-street.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person72"> JAMES DENNING
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person72" type="surname" value="DENNING"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person72" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in the house of Mr. Meux; I have seen the prisoner write five or six different times.</p>
<p>Q. From having seen him write five or six times are you able to say on looking at any instrument whether you believe that to be his hand writing? - A. I believe it is, but I will not swear to it.</p>
<p>Q. That belief is founded upon your having seen him write before? - A. Certainly.</p>
<p>Q. Are you able to say upon your oath that you believe that is his writing? - A. I believe it is, but I will not swear it.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. How long ago is it since you ever saw him write? -
<persName id="t17951202-3-person73"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person73" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person73" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Except at the Public Office, Bow-street, it might be a twelve month ago.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him write more than his name? - A. I don't recollect that I have.</p>
<p>Q. I see there is no name to that letter, therefore the only character of hand writing you have had an opportunity to observe has constituted his name? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were you ever called upon particularly to observe his hand writing at the time he wrote his name? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. There was nothing at all that called upon you to notice that hand writing particularly? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Have you compared the hand writing of that letter since? - A. Yes, but the moment I saw the letter I said I believed it was his writing.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person74"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person74" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person74" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You have seen him write but five or six times in your life? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person75"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person75" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person75" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You have called upon him twice after the letter was received? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person76"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person76" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person76" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> At these times did he not say, give my duty to my master, meaning Mr. Meux, and tell him so and so? - A. Yes. When I charged him with the letter, he said so far he was innocent and accompanied it with an oath.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person77"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person77" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person77" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> There was no abuse of him? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not speak usually with respect of his master? - A. Yes; though at times he would speak in a low way.</p>
<p>Q. You went to get the beer out of his cellar? -
<persName id="t17951202-3-person78"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person78" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person78" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> He complained of the beer, and I went down to him to get it away. Mr. Meux said before the letter was received that he was sorry he had started that beer.</p>
<p>Q. I believe at this time he had had a violent accident, his eye almost knocked out? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And notwithstanding this he sat up all night to accompany you in the kitchen? - A. I was not there at the time.</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding. Q. His dutiful expressions to his master was when you charged him with writing the letter? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding.
<persName id="t17951202-3-person79"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person79" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person79" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Does your Lordship think we are intitled to read the letter now.</p>
<p>Court. Q. He says he has seen him write, to be sure; that he believes it, which is all that a man can say, but he cannot swear to it. This witness has gone so far as that, and therefore I think I am bound to receive it.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Grose. It is matter for the Jury. the man is uncommonly cautious; the way to prove a hand writing is, by asking the witness called to prove it to ask, if he has seen the party write, and if he believes the paper produced to be of his hand writing? The witness I understand to say he believed it to be his writing; and he says further, he cannot swear to it; he does right in saying he cannot swear to it; but so far as he believes it to be his hand writing is the evidence that has ever been admitted; how far it applies is for the Jury.</p>
<p>"Mr. Meux you old Block gard a Over"Baren Sun of a Bish, it was but the outher"doy you was as Poor a man as I am, But"the time is Strangell alltcord with you dam
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020010"/>"your Old thick sewll Ill bloo your old Brains"out I Will set your house on fier and Beurn"you to pouder you cheeten Block gard"Willing I long to pay you off and dam you"I Will Be fore long you Deveill face all the"fellowes in your house is gest such Black-"guards as yourself dam you all together dam"your impertonet the outher day I meet you"your ass Spock as Sune as your mouth and"and Be dom to yow, your Old Bich of a wife"if as Proud as you are dom you Borth to"gether I teel you What I Will kick your"ass the next time I meet you and sup yow in"the kinell you doorgs of doorgs I make you"rue dam you kis my Ass you Old Devell"Devell."</p>
<p>JOHN HENLEY sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Mr. Meux's house; I have seen the prisoner at the bar write five or six times.</p>
<p>Q. Now, from having seen him write, do you think you are able, upon looking at any instrument, to say whether you believe that to be his hand writing or not? - A. I think I can. (The letter is shewn to him.) This letter I have seen before.</p>
<p>Q. But from having seen him write before, notwithstanding you have seen that identical letter before, from that ground of forming your opinion do you believe that to be his hand writing or not? - A. I am certain it is more his hand writing than I ever saw any man's in my life; I have looked over it minutely, and I believe it to be his hand writing.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You have seen him write five or six times? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago may you have seen him write? - A. Since he was in prison.</p>
<p>Q. How long before that? - A. Nine or ten months.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him write any thing but his name? - A. Yes, at the Office.</p>
<p>Q. At any other time did you ever see him write any more than the two words,
<persName id="t17951202-3-person80"> Thomas Edwards
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person80" type="surname" value="Edwards"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person80" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen this letter, and looked at it since? - Yes.</p>
<p>Q. It was to refresh your memory, to make it stronger upon your mind, that you looked at it to see whether it was his hand writing or not; did not you do it to make yourself certain about it? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. After you had examined it over and over again, you were more certain than at first? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. The times you have read it have been since the man has been in custody? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you compare it with any other hand writing of the prisoner? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, upon the comparison between that hand writing and the other, does not that give you the means of belief? - A. Yes, and having seen him write before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-3-person81"> WILLIAM DAVIES
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person81" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person81" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner nine months; I have seen him write frequently.</p>
<p>Q. Can you, from that, speak to your belief of the character of the hand writing? - A. All that I know is, that I believe the one to be wrote by the same as the other.</p>
<p>Q. You are enabled to speak to your belief of it? - A. I believe it is.</p>
<p>Q. But before I shew you the letter, from having seen him write, are you able to speak to your belief of the character of his writing? - A. Yes. (Looks at the letter.) This is the letter I saw at Bow-street, and I saw it was very much like what he had wrote and sent up there: I will not take upon me to swear that it is his hand writing; I believe it to be wrote by the same hand as wrote the other.</p>
<p>Q. Don't talk of comparing it with any hand writing you saw at the Office; but whether you, upon the view of it, believe it to be the hand writing of the prisoner at the bar? - A. I don't believe it is; I cannot take upon me to say, that it is, or that it is not.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys.
<persName id="t17951202-3-person82"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person82" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You have seen him write a good deal? - A. Several times.</p>
<p>Q. And you don't believe it to be his writing? - A. I don't think it is.</p>
<p>Q. You said upon the former occasion that you did not believe it was? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding. Q. Does your Lordship think the hand writing sufficiently identified?</p>
<p>Court. A. I really think not.</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding. Gentlemen, you recollect that I set out with stating, that Mr. Meux had no idea but that of justice, and not a with to press against the prisoner: As the court seems satisfied that there is not sufficient proof of the" evidence, I hope in God this man will know
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020011"/>hereafter that the of his old master towards him has been far from a wish of desiring any thing vindictive and I hope he will go from this court perfectly satisfied of that.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-3-verdict15" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-3-verdict15" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17951202-3-person83"> BARON PERRYN
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person83" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person83" type="given" value="BARON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-3-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-4">
<interp inst="t17951202-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-4-off16-c79" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-4-defend84 t17951202-4-off16 t17951202-4-verdict19"/>
<p>4.
<persName id="t17951202-4-defend84" type="defendantName"> LOCKLY HILL
<interp inst="t17951202-4-defend84" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-defend84" type="given" value="LOCKLY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-defend84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-4-off16" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-4-off16" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17951202-4-cd17" type="crimeDate">10th September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-4-off16 t17951202-4-cd17"/>, one mare, value 10l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-4-victim86" type="victimName"> John Weedon
<interp inst="t17951202-4-victim86" type="surname" value="Weedon"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-victim86" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-victim86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-4-off16 t17951202-4-victim86"/> </persName> .(The prosecutor being a
<rs id="t17951202-4-viclabel18" type="occupation">Quaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-4-victim86 t17951202-4-viclabel18"/>, and refusing to take an oath, was dismissed.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-4-person87"> JOSEPH LUCAS
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person87" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person87" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I bought the mare of one Bowtell; she was a bay mare; I did not know whose mare it was.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-4-person88"> EDWARD BOWTELL
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person88" type="surname" value="BOWTELL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person88" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner at the bar and I stole it out of a field.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Then you swear now that you are come to accuse yourself of felony? - A. It is the truth my Lord.</p>
<p>Court. Then I am to tell you, you must tell nothing but the truth, and tell that truth honestly.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-4-person89"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person89" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person89" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> When was this? - A. On the 1st of June we took it out of Mr. Weedon's field, about eleven o'clock at night, at Mile-end.</p>
<p>Q. How did you know it was Mr. Weedon's? - A. The prisoner at the bar said it was, and that he had one out of the same field a little while before; we took it to Fenny Stratford, and sold it to Lucas, who keeps the public house there, for 6l. the prisoner and I were both together, and we shared the money; two guineas were paid at first, and as we came out of the country the prisoner called for the rest.</p>
<p>Q. When were the two guineas paid? - A. The next morning, after we took it out of the field; we went lower into the country with two more horses, down to Birmingham; we crossed the country, and sold another horse at another place; we returned to Fenny Stratford, about a week after, and received the rest of the money, in gold and silver, making altogether 6l.</p>
<p>Q. Who went into the field when the mare was taken out? - A. The prisoner and me both together, and brought her over the bank.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean that the prisoner took you to the field, or how? - A. Yes, the prisoner lived just by there; I lived almost by Moorfields.</p>
<p>Q. What are you? - A. A tineman and brazier.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-4-person90"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person90" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person90" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> What is the prisoner? - A. A siddlemaker.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-4-person91"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person91" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person91" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (To Lucas.) Where do you live? - A. At Fenny Stratford; I am a butcher, and keep a public house, the sign of the
<persName id="t17951202-4-person92"> Rein Deer
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person92" type="surname" value="Deer"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person92" type="given" value="Rein"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-4-person92" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ; I have seen the prisoner twice before; I bought the mare of Bowtell, and the prisoner at the bar was with him.</p>
<p>Q. When was it? - A. On the 11th of September.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner and Bowtell bring with them? - A. Two horses; I bought one.</p>
<p>Q. How many horses were there in all? - A. Four, my lord; two they rode, and two they led.</p>
<p>Q. Did you buy it of the prisoner, or Boutell, or both? - A. Of Bowtell.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner take any part in the sale? - No; he took none of the money; I paid Bowtell the money.</p>
<p>Q. Did any thing pass between you and Bowtell in the prisoner's presence; was Bowtell alone? - A. No; the prisoner was present.</p>
<p>Q. Did any thing pass between you and Bowtell and that prisoner, by which it appeared that the prisoner claimed to have any right in the money? - A. No; Bowtell came for the money; the prisoner at the bar did not claim any of the money; nor I did not pay him any; I paid Bowtell two guineas; I think they said they were going down into the country; and I was short of money; they called again in about ten days, or thereabouts, and then I paid the rest of the money.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner present? - A. Yes; I paid it to Bowtell.</p>
<p>Q. Did any thing pass then, in consequence of which it appeared to you, that the prisoner claimed any thing in the money, or the mare? - A. No; the prisoner claimed none of it; I paid it to Bowtell.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. - I have worked for Mr. Longman, in Cheapside, twelve years, and can be supported in a creditable manner. - I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020012"/>hope your lordship will have the goodness to interrogate the witness in his wickedness. Mr. Longman was here yesterday, but is not here now.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-4-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-4-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Not GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-5">
<interp inst="t17951202-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5" type="date" value="17951202"/>
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<p>5.
<persName id="t17951202-5-defend94" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM WILES
<interp inst="t17951202-5-defend94" type="surname" value="WILES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-defend94" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-defend94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17951202-5-defend96" type="defendantName"> STEPHEN OSMOND
<interp inst="t17951202-5-defend96" type="surname" value="OSMOND"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-defend96" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-defend96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-5-off20" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-5-off20" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-off20" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing two yards of thickset, value 8s. three-quarters of a yard of Mersellas dimity, value 9s. and three-quarters of a yard of kerseymere, value 9s. the property of
<persName id="t17951202-5-victim97" type="victimName"> David Davis
<interp inst="t17951202-5-victim97" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-victim97" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-victim97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-5-off20 t17951202-5-victim97"/> </persName> , privily from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17951202-5-cd21" type="crimeDate">Nov. 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-5-off20 t17951202-5-cd21"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-5-person98"> DAVID DAVIS
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person98" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person98" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I bought the articles mentioned in the indictment, on Wednesday week, of Morin and Wickstead, at Aldgate; they were tied up in a parcel: as I was going home, between six and seven o'clock, I called at
<placeName id="t17951202-5-crimeloc22">the Horse and Groom, Portugal-street, Lincoln's-Inn-fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-crimeloc22" type="placeName" value="the Horse and Groom, Portugal-street, Lincoln's-Inn-fields"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-crimeloc22" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-5-off20 t17951202-5-crimeloc22"/>, for a pint of beer, and being fatigued, I happened to fall asleep in the box; and while I was asleep, the bundle was taken from me; the things cost me 28s. When I awoke, the pri soner, Wiles, was in the room, and I charged him with taking the things; I went out to see for a constable, but could not find one; the watch was set; there was a scuffle between me and Wiles, and the landlord sent us both to the watch-house, there he was searched by
<persName id="t17951202-5-person99"> William Dobbins
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person99" type="surname" value="Dobbins"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person99" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the constable of the night, and a duplicate of the things found in his pocket; he confessed the whole.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-5-person100"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person100" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person100" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Had you, previous to that, made any promise not to prosecute him? - No; I believe the beadle of the night frightened him; he confessed that Osmond had taken the things, and given them to him to pledge; they are in the hands of the pawnbroker.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-5-person101"> RICHARD DOBBINS
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person101" type="surname" value="DOBBINS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person101" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a beadle; I was at the watch-house when the prisoner, Wiles, was brought, on the 23d November, between ten and eleven at night; I searched him, and found this duplicate (producing it) in the fob of his breeches; it has been in my possession ever since; the prosecutor, Davis was present; I asked him if there was any body concerned with him; he said, there was; that he was a little man, a breeches maker. The constable said it was Osmend, and went and fetched him; and he confessed, voluntarily, that he took the things, and gave then to Wiles; he confessed the same before the magistrate; he said he took the bundle and gave the soldier, and he put it under his coat, and went out undiscovered; this was the confession of both of them.</p>
<p>JOHN GRASON sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker; (the duplicate shewn him); these goods were pledged by
<persName id="t17951202-5-person102"> Sarah Knight
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person102" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person102" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; she said she lived in Bell-yard, and pledged them for
<persName id="t17951202-5-person103"> William Wiles
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person103" type="surname" value="Wiles"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person103" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-5-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I lent 7s. upon them.</p>
<p>[The things mentioned in the indictment, except the kerseymere, were produced in court by the pawnbroker.]</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I bought the same patterns, and the same lengths; I believe they are the goods I purchased; it is a difficult matter to swear to them.</p>
<p>Wiles Defence. - Osmond gave me the things to pledge for him; I did not see him take them; I gave them to the woman, and went with her to the door, because they won't take anything in of a soldier.</p>
<p>Osmond's Defence. - I know nothing at all of it.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17951202-5-verdict23" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-5-verdict23" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron PERRYN.</p> </div1>
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<p>6.
<persName id="t17951202-6-defend105" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL YOUELL
<interp inst="t17951202-6-defend105" type="surname" value="YOUELL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-defend105" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-defend105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-6-off24" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-6-off24" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-off24" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he, in the King's highway, upon
<persName id="t17951202-6-victim106" type="victimName"> James Alsop
<interp inst="t17951202-6-victim106" type="surname" value="Alsop"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-victim106" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-victim106" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-6-off24 t17951202-6-victim106"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting him in corporeal fear, and danger of his life, and stealing from his person, a silver watch, value 40s. a steel chain, value 6d. a metal seal, value 3d. a metal key, value 3d. three pieces of gold coin, called guineas, and 4s. in monies numbered </rs>; the property of the said
<persName id="t17951202-6-person107"> James Alsop
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person107" type="surname" value="Alsop"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person107" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-6-cd25" type="crimeDate">October 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-6-off24 t17951202-6-cd25"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person108"> JAMES ALSOP
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person108" type="surname" value="ALSOP"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person108" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17951202-6-viclabel26" type="occupation">coal-meter's man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-6-victim106 t17951202-6-viclabel26"/>, and live in Shakespeare's Walk, Shadwell: on Wednesday night, the 28th of October, I was coming
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020013"/>along by the dead wall of the brewhouse in
<placeName id="t17951202-6-crimeloc27">Mile-End Town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-crimeloc27" type="placeName" value="Mile-End Town"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-crimeloc27" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-6-off24 t17951202-6-crimeloc27"/>, about nine o'clock; I met three men; and the prisoner, who was one of them, laid hold of my collar, and said, holloa! and I said, holloa! gentlemen; and then another man came up and laid hold of my collar on the right hand side, and the other man came before me, and said, if I stirred hand or foot, or said a word, he would blow my brains out; then the man who stood before me put his hand in my right-hand pocket, but could find nothing at all in it, and then he put his hand in my left-hand pocket, and took out three guineas, and four or five shilling, I cannot be certain which; the other two then went from me, about four or five yards; and the prisoner, who took hold of me first, took his hat in his left hand, and his pistol, and turned up the crape that was over his face, and put his hat over it, and looked up in my face, and gave me a slap in the face, and said, now, you bouger, go and work for more; then they all went off, and I went towards Whitechapel: on the Friday fe'nnight following I saw the prisoner, when these jockeys took him up.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person109"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person109" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person109" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Had you ever seen the prisoner before? -
<persName id="t17951202-6-person110"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person110" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person110" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Never before that night to my knowledge; it was a very moonlight night.</p>
<p>Q. How long were they with you? - A. Not above two minutes, I believe.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever seen your watch again? - A. No; the prisoner was taken up in consequence of the description I gave of him at the office; he had a blue coat on; but whether his waistcoat was blue or brown, I am not certain.</p>
<p>Q. You were surprised at being stopped? - A. I really thought they were in fun at first.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person111"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person111" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person111" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You did not think they were in fun when you saw the pistol? - A. No; I was very much frightened.</p>
<p>Q. How long might you see his face while the crape was up? -
<persName id="t17951202-6-person112"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person112" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person112" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> About half a minute; the crape was down when he first attacked me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. - Q. Where had you been that night? - A. At Bow.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any body with you? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. You would not know the other men if you saw them? -
<persName id="t17951202-6-person113"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person113" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person113" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> No.</p>
<p>Q. You were very much frightened? - A. Yes, when I saw the pistol.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person114"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person114" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person114" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You never saw them before? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to take upon you to swear to the prisoner, being so frightened, and seeing him but half a minute? - A. I am certain that is the man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person115"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person115" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person115" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Have you ever been a witness in a court of justice before? -
<persName id="t17951202-6-person116"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person116" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person116" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Never in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person117"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person117" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person117" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Have you ever heard that there is forty pounds reward if this man is convicted? - A. I have heard of such a thing; I did not do it with that view.</p>
<p>Q. Do not you expect, if this man is convicted, that you will have a right to a part of it? - A. I should with for it.</p>
<p>JOSEPH HAYNES sworn.</p>
<p>I apprehended the prisoner in Back-lane, St. George's, Ratcliff-highway, in consequence of an information from Alsop; I searched him, and found three or four shillings, and some halfpence, upon him, which I returned to him when I took him to the office; I asked him if he knew any thing of the other parties; he said he knew nothing at all of it.</p>
<p>CORNELIUS RICHARDSON sworn.</p>
<p>I was with Haynes when he apprehended the prisoner.</p>
<p>Prisoner. - I leave my defence to my counsel.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person118"> ROBERT JEPHS
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person118" type="surname" value="JEPHS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person118" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a plaisterer, in Wapping; the prisoner is a slight acquaintance of mine; on the 28th of October I was in company with him, at the Sun, in Winfield-street, Whitechapel, from seven o'clock till near eleven o'clock at night; we were in the parlour, behind the tap-room; two of my shopmates were with me, one Johnson, and the other Brown, who is pressed and gone on board a man of war; Johnson is here.</p>
<p>Q. The prisoner was never out of your company from seven till eleven o'clock? - A. He was never out of our company two minutes.</p>
<p>Q. You are sure it was the 28th of October? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Court. - Q. How are you sure of the day? - A. I was just come from India, and had received my money, and we agreed to spend half-a guinea a piece for a supper together; it was on a Wednesday; Mrs. Blake and Mrs. Johnson were there.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020014"/>Mr. JOHSON sworn</p>
<p>I live in Whitechapel; I know the prisoner: On the 26th of October my husband came from India, and having taken his money, we agreed to have a supper on the 28th, at the Sun; I went with Sarah Blake, about seven o'clock; the prisoner was sitting with Jephs; the supper was to be ready at eight, but it was not ready till half an hour after eight; the prisoner staid till eleven o'clock, and he was never out more than a minute or two, all the time.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person119"> SARAH BLAKE
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person119" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person119" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person119" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in company with the two last witnesses on the 28th of October; the prisoner was there, and he did not leave the company till near twelve o'clock, I believe; I am sure he was there till after eleven, and was not out more than a minute or two, all the time.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-6-person120"> CHARLES MOORE
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person120" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person120" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-6-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the landlord of the Sun; I cannot say whether the prisoner was at my house on the 28th of October or not; I was only once in the room.</p>
<p>THOMAS SQUIRES sworn.</p>
<p>On the 28th of October I was in the taproom of the Sun; I went in about seven o'clock, and staid till within about ten minutes of nine; I did not see the prisoner there.</p>
<p>[The prisoner called two other witnesses, who gave him a good character.]</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-6-verdict28" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-6-verdict28" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17951202-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<p>7.
<persName id="t17951202-7-defend122" type="defendantName"> ISAAC ARTELL
<interp inst="t17951202-7-defend122" type="surname" value="ARTELL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-defend122" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-defend122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-7-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-7-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing fifteen pewter quart pots, value 15s. and twenty pewter pint pots, value 12s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-7-victim123" type="victimName"> James Smith
<interp inst="t17951202-7-victim123" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-victim123" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-victim123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-7-off29 t17951202-7-victim123"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-7-cd30" type="crimeDate">Nov. 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-7-off29 t17951202-7-cd30"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-7-person124"> JAMES SMITH
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person124" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person124" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17951202-7-viclabel31" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17951202-7-crimeloc32">the Nag's Head, New Compton-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-crimeloc32" type="placeName" value="the Nag's Head, New Compton-street"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-crimeloc32" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-7-off29 t17951202-7-crimeloc32"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-7-victim123 t17951202-7-viclabel31"/>: On Thursday, the 26th of November, I sent the boy out for pots, as usual; I was informed there was a man going to steal some pots; I did not see him take them; Mr. Groundley, I believe, did, who happened to be in the tap-room at the time the prisoner said, when he was brought in, that he was going to bring them home; the pots were numbered; I have used the pots since, but I took the numbers of them at the time (produces them). There were fifteen quarts and twenty pints; there is a large S marked in the front; I never sold any pots in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-7-person125"> JOHN GROUNDLEY
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person125" type="surname" value="GROUNDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person125" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in Mr. Smith's tap-room, when a little girl came in to tell Mr. Smith he had lost some pots; I went out, and saw the prisoner; this little girl had brought him back with the pots; he might have made his escape; the pots were lying at the door, and I think the prisoner had hold of the cord that they were upon; when he came into the tap-room, he said he had fell over them, and took them up to bring them home, I asked him where he was going to carry them, because he was going a contrary way; he said he did not know; the pots were delivered to the landlord, who put down the numbers of the pots.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-7-person126"> JANE FOSTER
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person126" type="surname" value="FOSTER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person126" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person126" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>My father is a shoe-maker; the prosecutor is my brother-in-law; I assist him in the house. I was in the bar, and a little girl said, there was a man putting the pots on his shoulder; it was about five minutes before five o'clock; I went out, and saw him at the next door with the whole string of pots upon his shoulder; he was walking away slowly with them; I asked him where he was going, and he said he was going into the house with them; I asked him, what house? and he said, higher up; I told him that was the house, and he must come back with me, which he did.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-7-person127"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person127" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person127" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You did not lose any of them? - A. No; I saw him bring them to the door; they were all numbered; they lay in the street facing the tap-room window.</p>
<p>[The prosecutor produced the book in which he entered the numbers.]</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-7-person128"> ROBERT CORNWALL
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person128" type="surname" value="CORNWALL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person128" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; I took the prisoner into custody; and as he was going to the justices, he offered me money for the landlord to make it up.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. - I saw these pots lying there; I asked a little girl, whose pots they
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020015"/>were, and she said, her uncle's; I said I would put them in for her, and she said, do heave them in!</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-7-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-7-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 26.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-7-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-7-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-7-punish34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="militaryNavalDuty"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-7-defend122 t17951202-7-punish34"/>
<note>[Military/Naval duty. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17951202-8" type="year" value="1795"/>
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<interp inst="t17951202-8" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-8-off35-c119" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-8-defend129 t17951202-8-off35 t17951202-8-verdict37"/>
<p>8.
<persName id="t17951202-8-defend129" type="defendantName"> JOHANNAH YOUNG
<interp inst="t17951202-8-defend129" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-8-defend129" type="given" value="JOHANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-8-defend129" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-8-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-8-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-8-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing two linen shirts, value 5s. these cotton neckcloths, value 6d. a pair of cloth breeches, value 3s. two silver table spoons, value 8s. one umbrella, value 1s. 6d. a linen counterpane, value 6d. and a linen sheet, value 1s. 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-8-victim130" type="victimName"> Joseph Layman
<interp inst="t17951202-8-victim130" type="surname" value="Layman"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-8-victim130" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-8-victim130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-8-off35 t17951202-8-victim130"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-8-cd36" type="crimeDate">Nov. 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-8-off35 t17951202-8-cd36"/>.</p>
<p>The prosecutor not being able to identify any of the articles, the jury found the prisoner</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-8-verdict37" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-8-verdict37" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17951202-9" type="date" value="17951202"/>
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<p>9.
<persName id="t17951202-9-defend132" type="defendantName"> HENRY GOODWIN
<interp inst="t17951202-9-defend132" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-defend132" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-defend132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-defend132" type="age" value="48"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-9-off38" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-9-off38" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-off38" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing one pair of men's leather boots, value 15s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-9-victim134" type="victimName"> Thomas Coleman
<interp inst="t17951202-9-victim134" type="surname" value="Coleman"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-victim134" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-victim134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-9-off38 t17951202-9-victim134"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-9-cd39" type="crimeDate">October 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-9-off38 t17951202-9-cd39"/>.</p>
<p>THOMAS COLEMAN sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17951202-9-viclabel40" type="occupation">shoe-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-9-victim134 t17951202-9-viclabel40"/>: On the 30th of October I had been in the city with some boots; when I came home, after dinner, I went to sleep; the boots hung up in the room; I did not see him take them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-9-person135"> JOHN SIMMONS
<interp inst="t17951202-9-person135" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-person135" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at the prosecutor's; I was in the back place in the cellar, and I saw the prisoner come down and take them I instantly pursued him, and took him with the property upon him; I have had them ever since (produces them).</p>
<p>Coleman. - These are my boots, my name is in the sole.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. - I sent my sister to this man, and he promised to make it up if she would pay for breaking the windows; it came to 9s. she went to him yesterday, and he wanted four guineas; I have two small children without a mother.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-9-verdict41" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-9-verdict41" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 48.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-9-punish42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-9-punish42" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-punish42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-9-defend132 t17951202-9-punish42"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-9-punish43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-9-punish43" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-9-punish43" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-9-defend132 t17951202-9-punish43"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-10">
<interp inst="t17951202-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-10-off44-c124" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-defend137 t17951202-10-off44 t17951202-10-verdict48"/>
<p>10.
<persName id="t17951202-10-defend137" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH HARRIS
<interp inst="t17951202-10-defend137" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-defend137" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-defend137" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-defend137" type="age" value="24"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-10-off44" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-10-off44" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-off44" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing twenty yards of flannel, value 20s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-10-victim138" type="victimName"> James Goode
<interp inst="t17951202-10-victim138" type="surname" value="Goode"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-victim138" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-victim138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-off44 t17951202-10-victim138"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-10-cd45" type="crimeDate">November 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-off44 t17951202-10-cd45"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-10-person139"> JOHN BEAVER
<interp inst="t17951202-10-person139" type="surname" value="BEAVER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-person139" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live journeyman to Mr. Goode,
<rs id="t17951202-10-viclabel46" type="occupation">linen draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-victim138 t17951202-10-viclabel46"/>, corner of
<placeName id="t17951202-10-crimeloc47">Gray's-Inn-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-crimeloc47" type="placeName" value="Gray's-Inn-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-crimeloc47" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-off44 t17951202-10-crimeloc47"/>: On Saturday last, between four and five, the prisoner came to Mr. Goode's shop door, and took some flannel from within the door; a person came and said, a woman has run away with your flannel; I went down Holborn, I could not find her; I was then informed that she was gone into the public house, the very next door; I found her there at the back part of the house, and the flannel stood within a yard of her; I asked her what business she had with the flannel; I don't recollect what answer she made; I brought her from there into our shop, and kept her till Mr. Goode came home, and we took her before a magistrate. (It is produced.) It has our shop mark upon it; I am sure it is Mr. Goode's.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-10-person140"> SAMUEL BRADLEY
<interp inst="t17951202-10-person140" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-person140" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a publican, next door to Mr. Goode's: On Saturday the prisoner came into my house for a glass of gin; I saw a piece of flannel drawn from under her cloak; she asked for the servant girl, and I directed her backwards; then Mr Beaver came in to know if a woman had been in with any flannel; I directed him to her, and she was taken.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I went to this public house to get a glass of gin; I went backwards, and then they charged me with stealing this flannel.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-10-verdict48" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-10-verdict48" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 24.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-10-punish49" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-10-punish49" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-punish49" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-defend137 t17951202-10-punish49"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-10-punish50" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-10-punish50" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-10-punish50" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-10-defend137 t17951202-10-punish50"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-11">
<interp inst="t17951202-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-11-off51-c128" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-11-defend142 t17951202-11-off51 t17951202-11-verdict53"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-11-off51-c129" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-11-defend144 t17951202-11-off51 t17951202-11-verdict53"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020016"/>11.
<persName id="t17951202-11-defend142" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL MILES
<interp inst="t17951202-11-defend142" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-defend142" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-defend142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17951202-11-defend144" type="defendantName"> JOHN SULLIVAN
<interp inst="t17951202-11-defend144" type="surname" value="SULLIVAN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-defend144" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-defend144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-11-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-11-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing one pair of leather boots, value 4s. 6d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-11-victim146" type="victimName"> William Allen
<interp inst="t17951202-11-victim146" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-victim146" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-victim146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-11-off51 t17951202-11-victim146"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-11-cd52" type="crimeDate">Nov. 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-11-off51 t17951202-11-cd52"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-11-person147"> WILLIAM ALLEN
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person147" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person147" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 5th of Nov. a person that I bought the boots of (
<persName id="t17951202-11-person148"> Peter Tufts
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person148" type="surname" value="Tufts"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person148" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ) sent his apprentice to know if I had lost any boots; I looked and missed a pair; I went to his house, and there I saw these boots, which I knew to be mine; he had not detained them himself, but an opposite neighbour had.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-11-person149"> PETER TUFTS
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person149" type="surname" value="TUFTS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person149" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a dealer in old boots; I sold Allen several dozens of boots together, the two prisoners came to me, and a Jew with them, one morning, to sell two pair of boots; I cannot recollect what day it was; they asked me 8s. for them; I did not buy them, but they went to another shop, opposite me; I went over and told them not to buy them, for I believed they were stolen, and they detained them all; Allen came up and owned one pair of them; I had sent for him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-11-person150"> Edward Blwett
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person150" type="surname" value="Blwett"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person150" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the constable produced the boots, which were deposed to by the prosecutor.</p>
<p>Prisoner Miles. Q. I with to know by what mark he knows them? - A. They are large in the calash, and wide in the waist.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. Why should not other boots be large in the calash and wide in the waist? - A. I had them about a month, and they are very seldom seen so wide in the waist.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Q. I think it impossible to swear to a pair of boots from such a description as he has given of them? - A. I could to many of my boots.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Where were those boots? - A. Hung up outside of my shop, against the window.</p>
<p>Court. Q. When had you last seen them? - A. I cannot positively say.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Have you any doubt in your mind that they are your property? -
<persName id="t17951202-11-person151"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person151" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person151" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> None.</p>
<p>Prisoner Miles's defence. I was rather disguised in liquor; a man offered me these boots for sale; I told him I was a hard-working man; I did not want them, but being in liquor I bought them; I gave 6s. for them; I was going to get some money that was in arrears from the regiment that was with the Duke of Yord; that man knows I carried them publickly in the street; one man offered me 5s. for them, and I thought it was not enough; this man would not buy them, and I thought it better to lose 1s. than lose my time; I went back with the boots, and then he told me they were stolen, and he would swear they were; the man was sent for, and he owned one pair of the boots; I went along with the constable very quietly; he never held me; I might have run away, but I would not, because I know myself innocent; this man said he knew them that sold them to him; that they were such rubbish he could not make them up for his own shop; I asked this young man to go along with me and I would treat him with some beer when I got the money from the major; and the man at the bar said he would swear that this young man took them; he wanted to make it up if I would give him the boots, and I would not.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. He said he picked them up in Bishopsgate-street, and the justice asked him if he broke his knees over them.</p>
<p>Prisoner Sullivan's defence. I know nothing at all about it; this young man asked me to go along with him, and he would give me some porter.</p>
<p>Jury. Q. Have you sold any quantity of boots since you bought them? - A. Yes, a great many.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know you had not sold those then? - I always remark the boots that I sell.</p>
<p>For the prisoner Miles.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-11-person152"> EDWARD GRAY
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person152" type="surname" value="GRAY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person152" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Miles eight or ten years; he worked with me at the time he was taken up; I employ a number of labourers; I never heard any thing dishonest of him; I have trusted him with considerable property, and I should not hesitate to take him into my employment again; he has been in Flanders, in a military capacity.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17951202-11-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-11-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Not GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17951202-11-person153"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person153" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person153" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-11-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-12">
<interp inst="t17951202-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-12-off54-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-defend155 t17951202-12-off54 t17951202-12-verdict58"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020017"/>12.
<persName id="t17951202-12-defend155" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM CREASE
<interp inst="t17951202-12-defend155" type="surname" value="CREASE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-defend155" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-defend155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-defend155" type="age" value="32"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-12-off54" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-12-off54" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-off54" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing sixteen feet of mahogany plank, value 12s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-12-victim157" type="victimName"> Richard Remnant
<interp inst="t17951202-12-victim157" type="surname" value="Remnant"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-victim157" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-victim157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-off54 t17951202-12-victim157"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-12-cd55" type="crimeDate">Nov. 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-off54 t17951202-12-cd55"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-12-person158"> RICHARD REMNANT
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person158" type="surname" value="REMNANT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person158" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I usually go out of town of an evening, and when I returned in the morning of the 12th of November, I was informed I had lost sixteen feet of mahogany.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-12-person159"> THOMAS KELLY
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person159" type="surname" value="KELLY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person159" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Mr. Remnant is a
<rs id="t17951202-12-viclabel56" type="occupation">timber merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-victim157 t17951202-12-viclabel56"/>; On Wednesday, 11th of Nov. between six and seven in the evening, I had occasion to go to
<placeName id="t17951202-12-crimeloc57">Church-street, St. Giles's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-crimeloc57" type="placeName" value="Church-street, St. Giles's"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-crimeloc57" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-off54 t17951202-12-crimeloc57"/>, where the back of the timber yard comes to; I heard a noise, and saw the prisoner standing upon a dray, drawing some planks of mahogany from Mr. Remnant's yard; he dropped them between the dray and the wall; he then took them on his shoulder and went away with them; when he had got fifteen or sixteen yards I pursued him and stopped him; I asked him what he was, and he said he was a carpenter, and he then dropped the boards and went away; I pursued him, and immediately took him to the watch-house, with the boards, and marked them. (The boards produced in court.) They have been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Mr. Remnant. These are the boards that were shewn to me next morning; I compared them with others I had in the lost, and they corresponded.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. A man, in Mr. Remnant's yard, asked me to stop and help him out with them; the place is twenty feet high; it is impossible I should get them out without assistance; he desired I would take them to a public house at the corner; Kelly passed me, and said, what have you got here? I made no answer, knowing myself to be innocent; he asked if they were mahogany; I said, I believe they are: what is your name? I told him my name and where I lived, and then he took me to the watch-house; I made no resistance; and at the time he stopped me he was at the distance of a yard from me; and when he took me to the watch-house, I begged he would let my wife know, and gave him the same direction that I had given before, to let her know, not to be uneasy at my staying out all night, which he did; I have a wife and three children, and I don't know that she has another hour to go.</p>
<p>Kelly. You told me you had a wife and three children, and begged I would let you go; I told him it would not answer the ends of justice, and I would not.</p>
<p>Prisoner to Kelly. Q. Did I make any resistance? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-12-person160"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person160" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person160" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Had I not the boards upon me, and then called for a light; and while you was getting the light, when you had no hold of me, I made no resistance, knowing myself to be innocent? - A. I did not say you did.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Mr. Remnant knows that it is impossible for me to have got them out without their being given to me.</p>
<p>One of the jury. I know this wall, and I think it totally impossible for any man to get a plank out.</p>
<p>Mr. Remnant. I am persuaded it was given out by somebody; it is a part of a system that has been carried on for a considerable time, and has been committed in the open day; the wall, I suppose, is fourteen or fifteen feet high, that is the utmost; they must have been given out by somebody on the premisses.</p>
<p>Jury to Kelly. Q. Did you go round to the timber yard to know if there was any body in the premisses? - A. I sent, and the porter was suspected, who absconded the next morning.</p>
<p>Jury to Remnant. Q. Did the porter go without his wages? - A. Yes, but he sent for them next day.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-12-verdict58" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-12-verdict58" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 32.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17951202-12-person161"> BARON PERRYN
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person161" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person161" type="given" value="BARON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-12-punish59" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-12-punish59" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-punish59" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-defend155 t17951202-12-punish59"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-12-punish60" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-12-punish60" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-12-punish60" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-12-defend155 t17951202-12-punish60"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-13">
<interp inst="t17951202-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-13-off61-c144" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-defend163 t17951202-13-off61 t17951202-13-verdict65"/>
<p>13.
<persName id="t17951202-13-defend163" type="defendantName"> ANN HARRIS
<interp inst="t17951202-13-defend163" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-defend163" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-defend163" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-defend163" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-13-off61" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-13-off61" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-off61" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a silver watch, value 20s. a steel chain, value 1d. a brass seal, value 1d. and a steelseal, value 1d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-13-victim164" type="victimName"> Barnaby Green
<interp inst="t17951202-13-victim164" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-victim164" type="given" value="Barnaby"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-victim164" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-off61 t17951202-13-victim164"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-13-cd62" type="crimeDate">Nov. 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-off61 t17951202-13-cd62"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-13-person165"> BARNABY GREEN
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person165" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person165" type="given" value="BARNABY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Westminster, with my mother; I am a
<rs id="t17951202-13-viclabel63" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-victim164 t17951202-13-viclabel63"/>; last Saturday night I was out a little later than ordinary, about eleven o'clock, I was afraid I should be locked out; I picked up the prisoner at the bar, in High-street, St. Giles's; she asked me if I would go home with her.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020018"/>Q. Had you been drinking? - A. Yes, at the Bedford Head, the corner of Bedford-street, Tottenham-court-road; I was there about an hour and a half by myself; I asked the prisoner where she lived; she said it was only a step,
<placeName id="t17951202-13-crimeloc64">No. 5, Orange-court, Drury-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-crimeloc64" type="placeName" value="No. 5, Orange-court, Drury-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-crimeloc64" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-off61 t17951202-13-crimeloc64"/>; I went home with her and went to bed; I fell asleep; in about an hour and a half I waked, and missed the prisoner; I rose myself up, laid hold of my breeches, and missed my watch.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any money in your pockets? - A. Yes, 3s. I did not miss that; I immediately dressed myself, and went into Drury-lane, and called the watch, and Thomas Adams came up; I told him I had been robbed of my watch, at No. 5, Orange-court; I asked him to go with me; he went and searched the place, but could find nothing; I found the prisoner about a quarter of a mile off, at her father and mother's; the watchman said he knew her; she was in bed with a child; as soon as I saw her I knew her, and said, that is the woman; the watchman searched for the watch, and found it locked up in the cupboard, in the room; the watchman made her dress herself, and took her to the watch-house; I gave full charge of her; the watchman has the watch.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He gave me the watch to sleep with me all night.</p>
<p>Q. You were an hour and a half at this house? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What did you drink? - A. A pint of porter and a glass of rum.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any thing more? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. How much did you spend there? -
<persName id="t17951202-13-person166"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person166" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person166" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 4 1/4d. I think it was.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-13-person167"> TIMOTHY PENDERGRASS
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person167" type="surname" value="PENDERGRASS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person167" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was a watchman in the same street where this man was robbed; he called watch; I went to his assistance; he gave a description of the girl, and we got an information where her father and mother lived; accordingly we went about a quarter of a mile off, to Craven's-yard, St. Clement's parish.</p>
<p>Q. Did he appear to be perfectly sober at the time? - A. He appeared to be quite sober; we went to her father's apartment; we called her mother by name; she refused to let us in; the door was not locked, and we went in and found the prisoner in bed with a little girl; as soon as the prosecutor saw her face, he said, that was the same woman that was in company with him; we asked her if she knew any thing of the watch, and she said no; there were three boxes one over the other; and a key lay on the box; she said that was a key that belonged to a box she had in the house; I asked for the keys of the other boxes, and her mother delivered them to me; I searched the boxes, but could not find the watch; there was a cupboard of which she would not let me have the key; one of the watchmen took a pair of pincers that lay in the room, and wrenched open the lock, and I found the watch in the cupboard. (The watch was produced in Court).</p>
<p>Green. This is my watch, I know it by the number, it is 39908.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any seals to it? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were those seals to it at that time? -
<persName id="t17951202-13-person168"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person168" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person168" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> - Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-13-person169"> THOMAS ADAMS
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person169" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person169" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman; this young man came to me, and told me, he had been robbed of his watch, and desired me to go and search the prisoner's room.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner? - A. Yes; we went and searched, but no watch was to be found; we had information of her father's house, and went and found her in bed with a child; there was a cupboard in the room, we demanded the key, she would not give it, and my partner took up a pair of pinchers and forced open the lock, and found the watch.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. I have a witness here to prove that that man gave me the watch to sleep with me. I wanted to get a gown out of pwan; I went to my father's, and, being in liquor, fell asleep; I might have made away with it if I had stolen it.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>ANN LUNDAY sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner four or five years. One Saturday night, between ten and eleven o'clock, I saw the prosecutor in the prisoner's lodgings, and brought some bread and meat, and a pot of beer into her apartments.</p>
<p>Q. Did they eat and drink together? - A. Yes. I am a lodger in the same room with her; there are two beds in it; as she was going out, she said, take care of that for me.</p>
<p>Q. Was he in bed? - A. He was up then;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020019"/>he was taking off his shoes and stockings; she told me she was going as far as Ruffal-street, which is the top of the court.</p>
<p>Q. He gave her the watch, and bid her take care of it? - A. No; I did not see the watch, nor know he had one; he said, take care of that; I went down stairs, and left them both together.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see aher ny more that night? - A. I only saw her in the watchhouse.</p>
<p>Prisoner. She can tell that I left word at home I was gone to my mother's, if any body should enquire for me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her go out? - A. No; she left word with the girl, and she forgot to tell me.</p>
<p>To the Prosecutor. Q. You remember going to this room? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How many beds were in the room? - A. Two.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any body there? - A. This woman.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any thing to eat and drink? - A. Yes; there was beer, and beef, and bread.</p>
<p>Q. How much beer? - A. A pot; what that woman has said is false.</p>
<p>Q. When I told you to relate what passed, why did not you tell the whole respecting the bread and beer, and the woman being there? - A. I did not know there was occasion for it.</p>
<p>Jury. Who paid for the beer? - A. I did.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-13-verdict65" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-13-verdict65" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 21.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-13-punish66" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-13-punish66" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-punish66" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-defend163 t17951202-13-punish66"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-13-punish67" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-13-punish67" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-13-punish67" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-13-defend163 t17951202-13-punish67"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-14">
<interp inst="t17951202-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-14-off68-c151" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-14-defend171 t17951202-14-off68 t17951202-14-verdict72"/>
<p>14.
<persName id="t17951202-14-defend171" type="defendantName"> JOHN KING
<interp inst="t17951202-14-defend171" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-defend171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-defend171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-defend171" type="age" value="20"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-14-off68" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-14-off68" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-off68" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a bushel of apples, value 3s. and a wicker basket, value 1s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-14-victim173" type="victimName"> William Whitelegg
<interp inst="t17951202-14-victim173" type="surname" value="Whitelegg"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-victim173" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-victim173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-14-off68 t17951202-14-victim173"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-14-cd69" type="crimeDate">Nov. 22d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-14-off68 t17951202-14-cd69"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-14-person174"> WILLIAM WHITELEGG
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person174" type="surname" value="WHITELEGG"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person174" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17951202-14-crimeloc70">Covent-Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-crimeloc70" type="placeName" value="Covent-Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-crimeloc70" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-14-off68 t17951202-14-crimeloc70"/>; I am a
<rs id="t17951202-14-viclabel71" type="occupation">salesman and fruiterer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-14-victim173 t17951202-14-viclabel71"/>; On Sunday the 21st of November I lost a bushel of apples value 3s. and a wicker basket.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-14-person175"> THOMAS MABBOT
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person175" type="surname" value="MABBOT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person175" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a fruiterer in Covent-garden; I keep a stand, the same as Mr. Whitelegg; I lost fruit several times; I watched to see if I could detect any body; On the 21st of November I saw five men come down the market, they came to my stand, and tried my ropes; I came forward, and they went away; I then hid myself, and they came and tried the ropes again; they then went to Mr. Whitelegg's, and listed up the cloth and ropes, and took a bushel basket of apples; the prisoner was going away with them, a coach was coming by, and he did not see me till I got hold of him; I asked him what he was going to do with them? he said, what was that to me; I got him stopped by the people; I got him by the collar, and desired him to go with me; he got hold of the rails, and the people wanted me to let him go; he said he had only taken an apple; I got a constable, and he was taken to the watch-house, and the apples with him. (They were produced in Court, and deposed to by the prosecutor).</p>
<p>Q. Is that the basket that was taken by the prisoner? - A. Yes; I know it by the mark on the basket.</p>
<p>Prisoner.Q. Did you see me with the basket? - A yes; you did another man had them carrying away, and your coat was over, it.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. - He has got some witnesses, I believe, to his character.</p>
<p>Prisoner. - I have some witnesses.</p>
<p>The prisoner called his father (John King) and Joseph Salmon, who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-14-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-14-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 20.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17951202-14-person176"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person176" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person176" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-14-punish73" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-14-punish73" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-14-punish73" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="militaryNavalDuty"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-14-defend171 t17951202-14-punish73"/>
<note>[Military/Naval duty. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-15">
<interp inst="t17951202-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-15-off74-c156" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-15-defend178 t17951202-15-off74 t17951202-15-verdict77"/>
<p>15.
<persName id="t17951202-15-defend178" type="defendantName"> MARGARET GRUTT
<interp inst="t17951202-15-defend178" type="surname" value="GRUTT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-defend178" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-defend178" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-defend178" type="age" value="49"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-15-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-15-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a glass lanthorn in a tin frame, value 3s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-15-victim180" type="victimName"> George Ash
<interp inst="t17951202-15-victim180" type="surname" value="Ash"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-victim180" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-victim180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-15-off74 t17951202-15-victim180"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-15-cd75" type="crimeDate">Nov. 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-15-off74 t17951202-15-cd75"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-15-person181"> MARGARET ASH
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person181" type="surname" value="ASH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person181" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person181" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of
<persName id="t17951202-15-person182"> John Ash
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person182" type="surname" value="Ash"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person182" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I live in
<placeName id="t17951202-15-crimeloc76">Shoreditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-crimeloc76" type="placeName" value="Shoreditch"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-crimeloc76" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-15-off74 t17951202-15-crimeloc76"/>, keep a broker's shop: A glass lanthorn was taken from my door, I put it there on Thursday morning, the 12th of November, about eight o'clock; a little after ten it was gone; I saw it at Mr. Baker's, a broker, in Hackney-road, the same day, before eleven o'clock.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020020"/>
<persName id="t17951202-15-person183"> HENRY BAKER
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person183" type="surname" value="BAKER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person183" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a broker, in Hackney-road; the prisoner brought this lanthorn to my house on the 12th of November, a little after ten o'clock; she brought it for me to buy; I did not buy it; I suspected her, and sent for Mrs. Ash; she had before brought some fire-irons, which she came and owned; Mrs. Ash came to my house, I shewed her the lanthorn, she said she had just lost it from her door; I have had it ever since.[It was produced in court, and deposed to, by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. - I was coming along Hackney-road, there was a woman sitting drinking at a public-house door, she asked me to go to Mr. Baker's, and sell it; she said Mr. Baker had offered 2s. and if he would give half-a-crown for it, he might have it; I never saw the woman before.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-15-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-15-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 49.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-15-punish78" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-15-punish78" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-punish78" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-15-defend178 t17951202-15-punish78"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-15-punish79" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-15-punish79" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-15-punish79" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-15-defend178 t17951202-15-punish79"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-16">
<interp inst="t17951202-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-16-off80-c161" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-16-defend184 t17951202-16-off80 t17951202-16-verdict84"/>
<p>16.
<persName id="t17951202-16-defend184" type="defendantName"> JOHN BROWN
<interp inst="t17951202-16-defend184" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-defend184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-defend184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-16-off80" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-16-off80" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-off80" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing one glass quart bottle, value 3d. one pint and a half of brandy, value 4s. half-a-guinea, half-a-crown, and four shillings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17951202-16-victim186" type="victimName"> Joseph Goodey
<interp inst="t17951202-16-victim186" type="surname" value="Goodey"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-victim186" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-victim186" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-16-off80 t17951202-16-victim186"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-16-cd81" type="crimeDate">October 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-16-off80 t17951202-16-cd81"/>.(The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoner.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-16-person187"> JOSEPH GOODEY
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person187" type="surname" value="GOODEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person187" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>17. I
<rs id="t17951202-16-viclabel82" type="occupation">keep a public-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-16-victim186 t17951202-16-viclabel82"/> in Barbican; On Friday, the 16th of October, a little after nine, I sent my boy into Aldersgate-buildings, with three pints of porter; he said he was to carry a bottle of brandy, and change for a guinea, to Mr. Dyke's; I gave him three half pints of brandy, a half guinea, a half crown, and four shillings; about a quarter of an hour after the boy returned with the prisoner in custody.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-16-person188"> WILLIAM HOLTON
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person188" type="surname" value="HOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person188" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Goodey, as pot-boy; On the 16th of October I took out a bottle of brandy, and change for a guinea, by my master's orders.</p>
<p>Q. How much change did you take? - A. Half-a-guinea, half-a-crown, and four shillings.</p>
<p>Q. Who was it to be carried to? - A. To Mr. Dyke's, next door to the Lord Mayor's house, in
<placeName id="t17951202-16-crimeloc83">Aldersgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-crimeloc83" type="placeName" value="Aldersgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-crimeloc83" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-16-off80 t17951202-16-crimeloc83"/>; I was going with it, and the prisoner ran as far as Mr. Bligh's, a linen-draper's, and met me there; he had ordered the brandy, and change; I knew him by the light of the lamp; he said it was for Mr. Dyke; he was standing at his door.</p>
<p>Q. How long was it before you told your master of it? - A. About ten minutes, or a few minutes more.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know him at all as a servant to Mr. Dyke? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Had you ever seen him before? - A. No; when I came out, he came running to me as far as Mr. Bligh's, the linen-draper's; he said to me, give me this bottle of brandy; what a long while you have been, Mr. Dyke has been waiting for it; he did me run back and fetch another, and I should be paid for both; I delivered the brandy and change to him; I had not got above half a dozen yards before I looked back; I saw him cross the way, and I immediately ran after him; when I saw him cross the way, I did not cry stop thief till I got to the corner of a street, by Mr. Smith's, the pastry-cook's, then I halloa'd out, stop thief; I lost sight of him once; but it was not above half a minute before he was taken; he was stopped going through the second gateway, into St. John's-street, out of Charter-house-square; when he was stopped, he cried stop thief; there was nothing found upon him; I saw another person with him, but did not take any notice of him.</p>
<p>On his cross-examination, he said, his hair was tied, and he had no hat on; that there was a lamp over Mr. Dyke's door; that the prisoner was six or eight yards from it when he spoke to him; that he was very certain the prisoner was the man; that his master would be angry if he had not found the man.</p>
<p>Jury. - Was there any body with him when he gave the order? - A. No; he was by himself.</p>
<p>Q. Did you perceive any body speak to the prisoner? - A. I did not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-16-person189"> THOMAS MEAD
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person189" type="surname" value="MEAD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person189" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman in Charter-house-square; The alarm was given at half past nine; I went up through the gates, at Charter-house-lane,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020021"/>and this man was laid hold of before I came up; there was nothing found upon him but a bit of twine.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Ally. -
<persName id="t17951202-16-person190"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person190" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person190" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> There was a great many people running at the same time? - A. Yes; I might take the right or the wrong. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any body here from Mr. Dyke's? - A. No.</p>
<p>Court to the boy. - Q. You are sure that he ran from you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Jury. - Where did you lose sight of him first? - A. At one corner of Charter house-square, going into the square; I met with him again round by the Charter-house, in the way to St. John's-street.</p>
<p>(Mr. Ally, counsel for the prisoner, took an objection, that the charge, if proved, would not amount to more than a fraud, which was overruled by the court).</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence - I was going to Mr. Franklin's, in Charter house street, who was my shoe-maker, and he took measure of me; I sat down a little time, and had a part of a pot of beer; I was going to sup with him; I heard the cry of stop thief; I ran out, without my hat, as any body else might do, and was taken up.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-16-person191"> ABRAHAM FRANKLIN
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person191" type="surname" value="FRANKLIN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person191" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a shoe-maker, in Charter-house-lane; the prisoner called upon me the evening that he was apprehended, just as I had left work, about eight o'clock, and asked me to measure him for a pair of shoes; he staid with me about a quarter of an hour; I did not see where he went to when he went from me; I heard something of a noise; I imagined it to be only the noise of a bullock, which is very common in our neighbourhood, and did not go out to see.</p>
<p>Q. Was it directly after he left your house? - A. Yes; a noise of that kind was frequent, and I did not take any notice of it? I have made shoes for him about two years; he was always just and honest, and paid me for them when he had them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-16-person192"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person192" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person192" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (The prisoner called
<persName id="t17951202-16-person193"> Wm. Just
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person193" type="surname" value="Just"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person193" type="given" value="Wm."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17951202-16-person194"> Catherine Worthington
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person194" type="surname" value="Worthington"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person194" type="given" value="Catherine"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person194" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who both gave him a good character).</p>
<p>Jury to Franklin. -
<persName id="t17951202-16-person195"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person195" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-16-person195" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> The prisoner said he was going to sup with you, was that agreed upon? - A. No; but he drank twice out of the pot of beer.</p>
<p>Q. Was it in consequence of hearing the noise that he went out? - A. I believe it was.</p>
<p>Q. And did he leave his hat in your house? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-16-verdict84" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-16-verdict84" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Not GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-17">
<interp inst="t17951202-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-17-off85-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-17-defend197 t17951202-17-off85 t17951202-17-verdict87"/>
<p>17.
<persName id="t17951202-17-defend197" type="defendantName"> JOHN WATTS
<interp inst="t17951202-17-defend197" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-defend197" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-defend197" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-defend197" type="age" value="44"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-17-off85" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-17-off85" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-off85" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing two pounds weight of goat's wool, value 10s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-17-victim199" type="victimName"> Owen Neal
<interp inst="t17951202-17-victim199" type="surname" value="Neal"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-victim199" type="given" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-victim199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-17-off85 t17951202-17-victim199"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-17-cd86" type="crimeDate">Nov. 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-17-off85 t17951202-17-cd86"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-17-person200"> JOHN NICHOLLS
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person200" type="surname" value="NICHOLLS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person200" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Friday the 20th of November I went to the quay, to get four bales of wool weighed by the landing waiter; the quays were so blocked up that it was impossible to get it done; I staid from eleven to one, at which time the land waiters go to dinner; I left them in charge of the King's officers; when I came down at three o'clock I found one of the bales cut open, and a quantity taken out; I cannot say how much, there might be two or three pounds weight of goat's wool missing; it was a large hole; they belonged to Mr. Neale, I entered them for him as his broker.</p>
<p>Q. At that time was there any other goat's wool upon the quay? -
<persName id="t17951202-17-person201"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person201" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person201" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> There was not; I was informed that a man was taken into custody, in the act of stealing it; the next day I went before the Lord Mayor, but he was not brought up till the day after.</p>
<p>- RILEY sworn.</p>
<p>On Friday the 20th of November I came down to Wiggin's quay, where these bales were, and I detected this man in the act of putting some sort of goods into his breeches, or trowsers; I did not know what the article was till he walked off, seeing that I had detected him, to the water side; and there I saw him throw the goat's wool that he had into the river; I then told one of the king's officers, that he should take charge of that man, which he did; I then went to the bales that I supposed he took them from, and found two bales cut open.</p>
<p>Q. You did not see him take it from the bale? - A. No; I did not; there was a great
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020022"/>deal taken from it, as much as to leave room for two hats.</p>
<p>Q. Was this wool ever taken out of the Thames. - A. It was; I believe there is an officer in Court who has it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-17-person202"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person202" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person202" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (To Nichols). This is described to be Wiggin's quay; was it Wiggin's quay where these bales lay? - A. It was.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-17-person203"> WILLIAM HEBDEN
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person203" type="surname" value="HEBDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person203" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a King's officer; I took the prisoner with part of the property upon him; he threw part of it into the River, and I saved the remainder. Mr. Riley gave me the alarm, he had a quantity about him in his trowsers; when the constable examined him, he said he had no knife about him, that he could not have cut the bag, but there was one found upon him by the constable. I examined the bales, there was a quantity taken out of two bales; it is a thing that is very light; I cannot say how much there was of it.(The constable deposed that he took charge of the prisoner, that Hebden delivered the property to him which he produced).</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-17-person204"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person204" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-person204" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (To Nichols). Are you a judge of the value of it? - A. The remainder sold at 7s. a pound; I think there was more than two pounds of it; worth 16 or 17s.</p>
<p>Constable. I examined the prisoner and found the wool in this paper in his trowsers, and a knife; I saw him throw some of the wool overboard; the knife is a very sharp one, it is like a razor.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. I was coming along and saw the wool lying upon the ground; I turned back and picked it up; I never took a bit out of the bale, nor touched the bale; I have been on board a man of war for 14 years, and was discharged because I was subject to fits.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-17-verdict87" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-17-verdict87" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 44.)</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-17-punish88" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-17-punish88" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-17-punish88" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-17-defend197 t17951202-17-punish88"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-18">
<interp inst="t17951202-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-18-off89-c179" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-defend206 t17951202-18-off89 t17951202-18-verdict93"/>
<p>18.
<persName id="t17951202-18-defend206" type="defendantName"> JAMES SMITH
<interp inst="t17951202-18-defend206" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-defend206" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-defend206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-defend206" type="age" value="33"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-18-off89" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-18-off89" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-off89" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing one hempen sack, value 6d. 250 red herrings, value 12s. one calico handkerchief, value 4d. three quarts of shrimps, value 1s. 6d. one hempen bag, value 4d. one hundred oranges, value 3s. 6d. and twenty-six lemons, value 1s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-18-victim207" type="victimName"> William Barnet
<interp inst="t17951202-18-victim207" type="surname" value="Barnet"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-victim207" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-victim207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-off89 t17951202-18-victim207"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17951202-18-cd90" type="crimeDate">Nov. 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-off89 t17951202-18-cd90"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-18-person208"> WILLIAM BARNETT
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person208" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17951202-18-viclabel91" type="occupation">deal in fish</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-victim207 t17951202-18-viclabel91"/>; On the 10th of November I bought these herrings and the other articles mentioned in the indictment, and took them to the
<placeName id="t17951202-18-crimeloc92">George-yard passage, Snow-hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-crimeloc92" type="placeName" value="George-yard passage, Snow-hill"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-crimeloc92" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-off89 t17951202-18-crimeloc92"/>, in order to take them into the country; I live at Chesham; I wrote a direction upon the sack; and when I came out to put it on, the sack was missing, and all the articles; I went after the prisoner and took him in Chick-lane, with the bag upon him; there were oranges in the bag answerable to the number I bought, 100, and 26 lemons; I cannot swear that they are the same, because one orange may be like another; this bag(producing it) is very much like the one I lost, and I believe it is it; it has a mark of W. H. upon it; it did belong to Mr. Hobbs, in Fleet-market; it had the oranges and lemons in it; the constable found the herrings afterwards.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-18-person209"> STEPHEN WILSON
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person209" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person209" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; The prosecutor brought the prisoner to me with a bag of oranges and lemons; he said he had lost 250 herrings and some shrimps; the prisoner said he did not know any thing of them; I took him to Guildhall; the next day the mother came to me, desiring me to go to his lodgings and get some herrings, before his wife made away with them; the prisoner's wife then came to me and brought out some herrings.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-18-person210"> JOHN POULTON
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person210" type="surname" value="POULTON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person210" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the oranges and lemons put into the sack, in the George-yard, Snow-hill; the prosecutor went in doors to write a direction, and when he came out they were gone; I did not see them stole; I cannot swear to the bag.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-18-person211"> THOMAS BATES
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person211" type="surname" value="BATES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person211" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The last witness employed the prisoner and I to work in the Fleet market; he had got some fruit to fell; he satisfied us, and gave us some victuals; we had some beer at the public house, and while we were settling the reckoning the things were gone; this countryman asked me to go with them to his lodgings; and we met him coming out of Chick-lane, with the bag, and the oranges and lemons.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020023"/>Prisoner's defence. I was going home from my work to my wife and family; going by the George-Yard, a man asked me if I wanted a job, and asked me to carry this bag for him; I pitched it at the corner of Smithfield, being lame, and I missed the man; and while I was looking for him they took me up.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-18-verdict93" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-18-verdict93" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 33.)</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-18-punish94" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-18-punish94" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-punish94" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-defend206 t17951202-18-punish94"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-18-punish95" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-18-punish95" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-18-punish95" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-18-defend206 t17951202-18-punish95"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-19">
<interp inst="t17951202-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-19-off96-c185" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-defend213 t17951202-19-off96 t17951202-19-verdict101"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-19-off97-c186" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-defend215 t17951202-19-off97 t17951202-19-verdict101"/>
<p>19.
<persName id="t17951202-19-defend213" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH JESSON
<interp inst="t17951202-19-defend213" type="surname" value="JESSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-defend213" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-defend213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17951202-19-defend215" type="defendantName"> BENJAMIN PAYNE
<interp inst="t17951202-19-defend215" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-defend215" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-defend215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted; the first, for
<rs id="t17951202-19-off96" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-19-off96" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-off96" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a wooden box, value 6d. and forty pounds weight of sugar, value 20s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17951202-19-victim216" type="victimName"> David Webster
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim216" type="surname" value="Webster"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim216" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17951202-19-victim217" type="victimName"> John Wedderburn
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim217" type="surname" value="Wedderburn"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim217" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Count. Laying the goods to be the property of
<persName id="t17951202-19-victim219" type="victimName"> John M'Nabb
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim219" type="surname" value="M'Nabb"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim219" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Third Count. Laying them to be the property of
<persName id="t17951202-19-victim221" type="victimName"> Richard Waugh
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim221" type="surname" value="Waugh"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim221" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-victim221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Fourth Count. Laying them to be the property of certain persons to the jurors unknown; And Benjamin Payne for
<rs id="t17951202-19-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-19-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the said goods, well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.(The case was stated by Mr. Knapp.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-19-person222"> RICHARD WAUGH
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person222" type="surname" value="WAUGH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person222" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am
<rs id="t17951202-19-viclabel98" type="occupation">master of the ship Rose</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-victim221 t17951202-19-viclabel98"/>; on the
<rs id="t17951202-19-cd99" type="crimeDate">3d of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-off96 t17951202-19-cd99"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-off97 t17951202-19-cd99"/> it was lying in
<placeName id="t17951202-19-crimeloc100">Ratcliff-cross tier</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-crimeloc100" type="placeName" value="Ratcliff-cross tier"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-crimeloc100" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-off96 t17951202-19-crimeloc100"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-19-off97 t17951202-19-crimeloc100"/>; I saw the prisoner, Jesson, on the 3d of November, in the morning, about eleven o'clock; he was hovering about the ship upon his oars, and not lying as a sculler.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know him? - A. No; he afterwards came and made his boat fast to the lighter that was loaded with sugar; that lighter was fastened to my ship, and was at the same time taking in her cargo; after he had been lying at the lighter a considerable time, I suspected him, and asked him what he did there; he gave me an impertinent answer; I desired him to cast his boat off, which he would not do; about one o'clock a hogshead of sugar was put upon the deck; there were some staves out, and in repairing it, some of the sugar came out; I ordered a boy to bring a box and put a quantity of sugar into it; the box was put close by the sore-hatchway of the ship.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-19-person223"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person223" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person223" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> What quantity did he put into it? -
<persName id="t17951202-19-person224"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person224" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person224" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> About forty pounds; I bought a box full of canvas for the ship's company.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-19-person225"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person225" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person225" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Who is the owner of that ship? - A. John Macnabb.</p>
<p>Q. To whom did the sugar belong? - A. I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Were you answerable for it? - A. Yes, I am answerable for the goods on board, as master; I missed the box about half an hour after.</p>
<p>Q. Should you know the box again if you were to see it? -
<persName id="t17951202-19-person226"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person226" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person226" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Most certainly; I made strict enquiry after it; in the course of an hour after, the prisoner, Jesson, was brought to the ship, to the best of my knowledge, by William Elby, and another person whom I should know if I saw him; when Elby brought him on board, he said, he stopped a box of sugar from the prisoner and another person; the prisoner informed him they had it from the ship; he asked me if I had lost such a thing; I said undoubtedly I had; he said Jesson informed him it came from my ship, the Rose.</p>
<p>Q. He was in the company of Elby. - A. Yes, and another person.</p>
<p>Q. The box was not brought with him? - A, No, I said I had lost a box, and supposed it to be the same.</p>
<p>Q. Did you, in consequence of this, go any where with the prisoner and Elby? - No, I did not; they left the ship, and at five or six o'clock I went to the Public-office, Shadwell, there I saw the box, (The box produced.)</p>
<p>Q. Is that the box? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What is the quantity of sugar in it? - A. About forty pounds; when I saw it at the office there was more sugar in it than when I saw it before.</p>
<p>Q. Was the sugar the same sort with that? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. Are you the sole owner of this ship? - A. No; no part of it.</p>
<p>Q. You are the captain? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. This boy was in the skiff? - A. A skiff or wherry, I believe.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you know that he was in the service of a lighterman? - A. I do not know; I suppose he belonged to a very bad one, from his hovering round the ship.</p>
<p>Q. I ask you whether it is not the custom of the servants of lighterman, after they have seen
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020024"/>a lighter at the place of its destination, to wait tis return, and ply about the River for any thing they can earn for their masters? -
<persName id="t17951202-19-person227"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person227" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person227" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Undoubtedly.</p>
<p>Q. Had not you some coopers working on board the ship at the time? - A. I had.</p>
<p>Q. Has not one of the cooper's who had access to this box absconded since? - A. I have heard so.</p>
<p>Q. Do you believe it? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. This cooper had more access to the box than the prisoner? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see the prisoner Jesson on board? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Had not the prisoner two or three fares from your ship that morning? - A. I don't know that he had.</p>
<p>Q. Did not the cooper go on shore in that very boat that morning? - A. I don't know that he did.</p>
<p>Q. Who did the lighter belong to that was tied to your ship? - A. Mr. Collier.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner servant to Mr. Collier? - A. He was not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-19-person228"> ELIJAH MELKIN
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person228" type="surname" value="MELKIN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person228" type="given" value="ELIJAH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a labourer; I live in Hunt's-court, Shadwell; I was sitting at the head of Ratcliffe-cross stairs, on the 3d of November, about one o'clock, or a little after, I saw Jesson come on shore from the Ratcliffe-cross tier, in a wherry; it came from between the two tiers; I first saw the wherry about 40 yards from the shore; the ships were about 100 yards; when he came on shore there were two men in the boat along with him; one of the men and Jesson lifted the box on the head of the boat; then the two men, and Jesson, put the box on shore; Payne is a porter, he was standing on the shore with his knot; they then lifted it on Payne's back, and the two men, the lumpers, went up the stairs before, and Jesson went up with Paine; I followed them to Brook-street, in Stepney parish; there I told them I should stop them both; the prisoners told me if I would let them go I should have a part of the sugar; I told them to come along to the public house, and I could find them a customer for them; I then took them and the box to the Queen Catherine public house, in Brook-street, and sent for
<persName id="t17951202-19-person229"> William Elby
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person229" type="surname" value="Elby"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person229" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the constable; the box was put in the corner of the tap room; I kept my eye on it that it might not be taken away; when the constable came, we put it on Paine's back, and went with it to the Office in Shadwell; Elby has had the custody of the box.</p>
<p>On his Cross-examination by Mr. Knowlys. He said there were two other persons in the boat besides Jesson; that it is common for watermen to help in lifting boxes out of the boat when they are hired to bring them on shore; that he did not see the two men pay Jesson for bringing it, but that it is not customary for lumpers to pay any thing till they have disposed of their goods; that he told them, before he stopped them, that he could get a customer for them, in order that he might have an opportunity of sending for a constable.</p>
<p>On being asked where he came from to give evidence, he said, from the New Prison, where he was for a quarrel; that he had been there a week, or rather better; that he did not ask any body to be bail for him, because he did not chuse to trouble any body.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. - Q. How came you to say, first you should take them, and afterwards that you would get a customer for them? - A. I did it in order to be able to take them.</p>
<p>Q. What are lumpers? - A. Persons who work on board of ship.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-19-person230"> WILLIAM ELBY
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person230" type="surname" value="ELBY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person230" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable belonging to the Public Office, Shadwell; I was sent for about two o'clock, on the 3d of November, to go to the Queen Catherine, in Brook-street; I went, and saw both the prisoners there; I found Payne sitting along side this box; it has been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Jesson's Defence. - About one o'clock, I was rowing about, and these two lumpers called sculler; I went to them, and they put this box in the boat, and I carried them to Ratcliff-cross stairs; Payne was employed to carry the box, and before I got my money they ran away.</p>
<p>(Jesson called five witnesses who had known him, many years, and gave him a good character).</p>
<p>Payne's Defence. - I have plyed at Ratcliff-cross twenty years as a porter; a man came up to me, and said, there was a box in the boat to be carried to the mates house, and I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020025"/>should be paid when I came there; it was covered over; I did not know that it was sugar; I slipped off the curb-stone, some sugar sell out, and then they ran away.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17951202-19-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-19-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Not GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17951202-19-person231"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person231" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person231" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-19-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-20">
<interp inst="t17951202-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-20-off102-c201" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-20-defend233 t17951202-20-off102 t17951202-20-verdict105"/>
<p>20.
<persName id="t17951202-20-defend233" type="defendantName"> FRANCES JOHNSON
<interp inst="t17951202-20-defend233" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-defend233" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-defend233" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-defend233" type="age" value="24"/> </persName> was indicted for feloniously
<rs id="t17951202-20-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-20-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing twenty yards of muslin, value 5l. the property of
<persName id="t17951202-20-victim235" type="victimName"> Thomas Wooloton
<interp inst="t17951202-20-victim235" type="surname" value="Wooloton"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-victim235" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-victim235" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-20-off102 t17951202-20-victim235"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>, November 26th.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-20-person236"> JOHN RUNDELL
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person236" type="surname" value="RUNDELL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person236" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am clerk to
<persName id="t17951202-20-person237"> John Woolloton
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person237" type="surname" value="Woolloton"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person237" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who
<rs id="t17951202-20-viclabel103" type="occupation">keeps a linen-draper's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-20-victim235 t17951202-20-viclabel103"/>, in
<placeName id="t17951202-20-crimeloc104">Oxford-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-crimeloc104" type="placeName" value="Oxford-road"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-crimeloc104" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-20-off102 t17951202-20-crimeloc104"/>: On the 26th of November, between three and four in the afternoon, the prisoner came to the shop; I was in the front shop, posting the books; she went into the back shop.</p>
<p>Q. How many persons were in the front and back shops? - A. I believe about four; I saw the prisoner in the back shop, looking at some goods; after she went out of the shop, the person who was serving her went after her and brought her back, and accused her of stealing something; his name is Pennington; she said she was an innocent woman, and no thief, and made a number of excuses; we sent for a constable to search her; she wanted to get to the counter where the muslins were; we surrounded her, and kept her in the middle of the shop; the constable not coming very soon, I set a chair in the middle of the shop, and desired her to sit down; there was nothing on the ground then but the carpet; when the constable came, I proposed to go into a private room, and search her; she rose from her seat, and I saw a piece of muslin under her petticoats, on the floor; it was a piece of about twenty yards; it is charged 5l. it cost 6l. 5s.</p>
<p>Q. It sells for more than that, I suppose? - A. Yes; more than that; I took it up, it felt warm; I gave it the constable; we then took her to a magistrate; her examination was taken down in writing; after the magistrate left the room, she said, she was not afraid of what we could do to her; she could live in another country as well as here, alluding, I suppose, to Botany Bay.</p>
<p>On his cross-examination he said, his master was not in the shop, he was confined to his bed; that there were two persons in the shop besides Penhington and himself; that there were muslins lying on the counter; that they were about three yards from the fire, they might be more or less; that he did not know that they could be warm from the fire; he did not feel the other muslins; that she offered to be searched before the constable came; that they did not search her, but she turned her pockets inside out; that she had purchased something to the amount of fifteen or twenty shillings, and paid for it; that he did not say they had transported several women, and the prisoner would be a good one for Barrington.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-20-person238"> RICHARD PENNINGTON
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person238" type="surname" value="PENNINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person238" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live with Mr. Woolloton; On Thursday last I was in the front shop, the prisoner came in and asked to look at some clear muslins; I shewed her some; she said, she wished to see some whole pieces; she wanted a whole piece for a dress; then I asked her to walk into the back shop, and after looking some time, she made choice of one, which was to be 9l.; then, she said, she wanted to look at some sprig muslins, which I shewed her; what led me to suspect she was a shop-lister was, she asked to look at some Irish, for a body lining, at the same time; I told her the Irish linens were in the other shop, and desired her to walk there; she said it did not signify, she would not have it; she looked a long time at the sprig muslin before she would tell me whether she would have the sprig muslin, or the plain one she had chosen; at length she fixed on the plain one; she then asked to look at some remnants of printed cotton; all the pieces of plain muslin I had shewn were lying on the slab, in the back shop; I put them on the slab, at the end of the shop, to have a clear place to shew her the cottons; she bought two remants of cotton and two yards of flannel, which came to 19s. 6d.; she told me to send the muslin to No. 42, Newman-street, that night, at seven o'clock, or the next morning, at eleven, and she would pay for it; she afterwards said, if she did not call for it that night, I might send it the next morning; upon her going out of the shop, I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020026"/>followed her, and brought her back again; I stood on one side of her, and the clerk on the other, in order that she should not get rid of any property she had; she sat herself down in a chair, and upon her getting up, there was a piece of muslin under her petticoats, lying on the floor; it was taken by the constable to the Office; Mr. Rundell took it from the floor, and delivered it to the constable, immediately on his taking it up; he said it had been in a very warm place, for the muslin was very warm; I examined it; it is Mr. Woolloton's property; there is a private mark upon it, in Mr. Woolloton's hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take any pains to see if there were any missing? - A. It is impossible, the quantity is so great, to miss a piece; when she was brought back, and sat down in the chair, there was nothing on the floor.</p>
<p>On his cross-examination, he said, she came back very readily; and upon his mentioning his suspicion, desired to be searched; that there was a third person there, but when the constable came in, he went out; that he believed the chair she sat in was about two yards from the counter; that when he took up the muslin, and found it warm, he felt the muslin on the counter, because the prisoner said, the muslin found under her was warm from the fire; that on the counter was not warm; that the chair she sat in was a yard, or more, from the fire. Being asked, if a person, going by, might not have brushed that muslin off the counter, he said, no; for they were not at that time on the counter; he had removed them, and put them on the slab; that they were on the counter when she was looking at them; and they were on the slab, at the end of the counter, when she was in the chair; that the muslins on the slab were nearer the fire than the piece he took from under her; that they did not search her on her being brought back, because they did not know that they had a right to search her without a constable; that she was searched by the constable, and afterwards by a woman, at the Office, but nothing was found upon her.</p>
<p>Court. - Q. Did you look to see if there were any mark upon it? - A. Yes; the shop mark, in Mr. Woolloton's hand-writing; I put my name upon it at the Office; and there were the initials of the house, where it was bought, in his hand-writing; I don't know it by any other mark.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-20-person239"> JOSEPH DAVIS
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person239" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person239" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; I was sent for to Mr. Woolloton's, on the 26th of November, between three and four in the afternoon; I found the prisoner sitting in a chair in the hack shop; Mr. Rundell and Mr. Pennington were with her; Mr. Rundell took up a piece of muslin from the floor, and gave it into my hand; it was close by the prisoner's feet; I took it and the prisoner to the Office; Mr. Pennington took it from me at the Office; and has kept it from that time to this; I should know it again, because I put my mark upon it.</p>
<p>On his cross-examination, he said, there were some muslins on the counter, or slab, about two feet and a half from it; that they might have tumbled from that place to where she sat; that the made no objection to be searched; that there was nothing found upon her.</p>
<p>Pennington. I received the muslin from the constable, at the Office, and have kept it ever since; it is my master's property; it cost 125s. it is marked G D; it is one of the muslins I shewed the prisoner.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Do you mean to insist upon it, independent of the marks, that you shewed that piece of muslin to the prisoner? - A. Only from the marks.</p>
<p>Q. Will you venture to swear that is one of the pieces you shewed her? - A. Yes, by the marks on it.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear you shewed her that piece? - A. I shewed her all that were in the wrapper.</p>
<p>Q. Were all the plain muslins in the shop of that mark? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember all the marks of the muslins you shewed her? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I leave my desence to my counsel.</p>
<p>The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave her a good character.</p>
<p>GUILTY,</p>
<p>Of
<rs id="t17951202-20-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-20-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-20-verdict105" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> stealing, but not privately, in the shop </rs>.(Aged 24.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-20-punish106" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-20-punish106" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-20-defend233 t17951202-20-punish106"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17951202-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-21-off107-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-defend241 t17951202-21-off107 t17951202-21-verdict111"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-21-off107-c208" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-defend242 t17951202-21-off107 t17951202-21-verdict112"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020027"/>2l.
<persName id="t17951202-21-defend241" type="defendantName"> THOMAS JACKSON
<interp inst="t17951202-21-defend241" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-defend241" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-defend241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17951202-21-defend242" type="defendantName"> ANTHONY CHANDLER
<interp inst="t17951202-21-defend242" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-defend242" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-defend242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-21-off107" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-21-off107" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-off107" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing eleven Russia, sheets, value 4l. 11s. two linen sheets, value 1l. 1s. One linen gown, value 1s. one linen shift, value 6d. a dimity petticoat, value 5s. fourteen damask table cloths, value 6l. 19s. 6d. two damask napkins, value 2s. five D'Oyle's, value 2s. 6d. two silk handkerchiefs, value 2s. a pair of paste buckles, set in silver, value 5l. 5s. a telescope, value 1l. 11s. 6d. and 5l. in monies, numbered, the property of
<persName id="t17951202-21-victim244" type="victimName"> Thomas Wilson
<interp inst="t17951202-21-victim244" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-victim244" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-victim244" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-off107 t17951202-21-victim244"/> </persName> , being in a warehouse adjoining to a wharf </rs>,
<rs id="t17951202-21-cd108" type="crimeDate">Nov. 21st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-off107 t17951202-21-cd108"/>.</p>
<p>The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.[The case was opened by Mr. Knowlys.]</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person245"> THOMAS WILSON
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person245" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person245" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17951202-21-viclabel109" type="occupation">wharfinger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-victim244 t17951202-21-viclabel109"/>, and have a warehouse at
<placeName id="t17951202-21-crimeloc110">Brook's wharf, in the parish of St. Michael</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-crimeloc110" type="placeName" value="Brook's wharf, in the parish of St. Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-crimeloc110" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-off107 t17951202-21-crimeloc110"/>: On the 21st of November, about five o'clock in the morning, I was alarmed that the warehouse was broke open; I found the door wrenched open, a double padlock and the stock lock taken off; it is situated on the wharf; first of all I went into the counting house, which leads into the warehouse, within the warehouse door, there I found the counting-house desks broke open, and two bookcases; two covers were taken out of my desk, and a telescope and some money out of a desk in the care of my son; I went back into the warehouse and found two or three boxes broke open, and one trunk; I did not know the contents of them till I saw some linen which was left in the trunk; a great quantity had been taken away; it was addressed to Colonel Cameron; it was sent in a box from Oxford, and was lest till I received an order to deliver it; I observed some blood upon the linen lest in the trunk; I have a piece of it here; it had all been tumbled about in the trunk; there were a pair of paste buckles, set in silver, and two watch glasses which were broke in pieces; hearing some linen had been picked up near the Barley-mow, I went and saw it at the watch-house.</p>
<p>Q. How far is the Barley-mow from your premisics? - A. About 100 yards.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. The trunk was deposited in your care for Colonel Camerom, and came from Oxford? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person246"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person246" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person246" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Colonel Cameron is not here? - A. No, his lady is.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person247"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person247" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person247" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You don't know any thing of these things yourself? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person248"> JOSEPH WILSON
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person248" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person248" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. How old are you? -
<persName id="t17951202-21-person249"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person249" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person249" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Fourteen last April.</p>
<p>The evening before my father's warehouse was broke open there was about 5l. lest in my desk; there was a sixpence I should know again; I had had it two months, except a fortnight it had been in the possession of Mrs. Lovel; I saw it there over night.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp.
<persName id="t17951202-21-person250"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person250" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person250" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> How many other sixpences had you among this money? - A. I cannot say.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person251"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person251" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person251" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Mrs. Lovel had it a fortnight? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person252"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person252" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person252" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> What she did with it you don't know? - A. No.</p>
<p>JOSEPH WILLOUGHBY sworn.</p>
<p>I am keeper of the watch-house: On Saturday morning, the 21st of November, about five o'clock, in consequence of an information front the patrole, I went to Thames-street, and just by the Barley-mow door I found two bundles of linen.</p>
<p>Q. How far is that from Mr. Wilson's warehouse? - A. As far as from here to the bottom of the Old Bailey, or not quite so far; I cannot say exactly; one of the bundles was tied up in a sheet, and the other in a table cloth; we took them to the watch-house, and went back again; at the back of the Barleymow, in a lane that goes to Labour-in-Vainhill, we found a sheet and two table cloths lying loose on the ground, and this iron crow(producing it) lying by them; we took them to the watch-house; they have been in my custody ever since; the two bundles were close to the front door; the others close to the back door; as soon as the Barley-mow was open I went in, and observed Jackson in the Barley mow; he had called for some purl and gin; I asked him what his name was, he told me his name was Thomas Jackson (I should have mentioned before, that when I came to the watch-house; I observed several of the sheets and cloths stained with blood; it appeared to me to be fresh); I asked Jackson where he lived; he came a false direction; he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020028"/>said he lived at No. 1, Green-arbour-court, Dowgate-hill; I went and enquired, and there were no lodgers in the house; I took him into custody immediately; in consequence of the linen being bloody, I asked him to let me look at his hand; he told me he would see me damned first, or any bloody constable like me; I did not look at his hand; he said if he must go to the Compter he would have some purl and gin before he went; he took the purl in his left hand to drink, and I observed some blood on his little finger; he said he had cut his finger, and, damn me, what was that to me; he said to the landlord, I am going to the Compter, I may be robbed by some damned rascal of a constable, I will give you what money I have, and he gave him 2l. 9s. 6d. I received it from Mr. Curtis, at the Barley-mow (producing it); I can swear this is the money I received from him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp.
<persName id="t17951202-21-person253"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person253" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person253" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Had you any warrant at this time? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person254"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person254" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person254" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Whether the blood on his finger was wet or dry, you don't know? - A. No, he had been standing a long time by the fire.</p>
<p>Q. The 2l. 9s. 6d. he gave to Curtis? - A. Yes; he put it in his breeches-pocket, and said he had no other money there.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person255"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person255" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person255" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Where is the Barley-mow? - A. In Thames-street, almost opposite Mr. Crawshaw's yard; when I went to Mr. Wilson's wharf, I found every strain in the warehouse door, in the counting-house door, and the desks, corresponded with this crow.</p>
<p>JOSEPH GORRINGE sworn.</p>
<p>I am a patrole; Going round on my duty, a little before five o'clock, I picked up these two bundles of linen, about twenty yards from the Barley-mow, the side nearest Mr. Wilson's; I went to the watch-house and informed Mr. Willoughby, the officer of the night; we came back, and found at the back door two table cloths, and a sheet, and an iron crow, near the Barley-mow door; they were taken to the watch-house; Willoughby has had them in his possession; we sent two watchmen to take care of the back door of the Barley-mow till the house was opened; then Willoughby and I went in, and found Jackson in the public house; this was about a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes before six o'clock; he was drinking some purl; Willoughby challenged him, and rubbed him down his pockets to see if he had any thing in them; he had nothing but a pen-knife.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person256"> NATHAN CURTIS
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person256" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person256" type="given" value="NATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the landlord of the Barley-mow public-house; the prisoners both used my house; they were both there on the evening before Mr. Wilson's warehouse was broke open; I cannot recollect the time they came; I believe it was before ten; they went away a little before twelve; there were more people in company with them; they went away at the same time, and another person with them.</p>
<p>Q. How far is your house from Mr. Wilson's warehouse? - A I cannot justly say; it is above one hundred yards, I suppose: they both called me, up; I cannot say th hour; I went down, Jackson said his wife was ill, and desired I would let him have some gin; I think that was nearly about two o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Was the third person in company with them then, or were they alone? - A. The third person was not with them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know where they lived? - A. No; I let them have some gin, and they went out of my house directly; about twenty minutes before six Jackson came in again, at the front door, and asked for some purl; before I had lighted the fire to heat the purl, the watchman came in, and began to speak to him; they asked who he was, and fest down his cloaths; I was about my business, and did not attend much to what passed; he was taken into custody before he went out of the house; I received 2l. 9s. 6d. of him; I put it in my right-hand breeches-pocket; I had nothing in that pocket before but a bad sixpence, and that was done up in paper, and not mixed with the money Jackson gave me; I gave the money I received of him to Willoughby; before I delivered it, Mr. Wilson's son desired to see it.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. - Q. All you mean to say is, you delivered the amount of the sum you received from Jackson to Willoughby? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You don't know any thing of the money itself? - A. No.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. - Q. Did you deliver to the officer precisely the same money Jackson delivered to you? - A. Yes; the money was told into my hand.</p>
<p>Court. What, was the money told into your hands? - A. Two guineas, and the rest in silver.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020029"/>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person257"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person257" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person257" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (To Mr. Wilson, jun.) Do you know any part of that money? - A. Yes, the sixpence; I saw the money in the hands of the landlord; the sixpence was among it then.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. - Q. Is there any mark besides its being an old sixpence, and battered, by which you can swear to it? - A. Not that I know of; it is a very remarkable sixpence; it is battered and beat about.</p>
<p>Q. Did you never see a sixpence besides this that was beat and battered? - A. No, not as that is.</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. - Q. You take upon you to swear to the identity of that sixpence? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Could you pick it out from any other money? - A. Yes; I picked it out at the Lord Mayor's.</p>
<p>Mr. Knapp. - Q. Did you pick it out from many other sixpences? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any of the others battered? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Court. - Q. How came it out of your possession a fortnight? -
<persName id="t17951202-21-person258"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person258" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person258" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Mrs. Lovel said she would endeavour to pass it for me.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person259"> ANN LOVEL
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person259" type="surname" value="LOVEL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person259" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person259" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that money (shewing her some silver), and tell me if there is any piece that you know? - A. I know that(picking out the sixpence) perfectly well; I took it of Mr. Wilson's son, for fruit; I looked at it, it was very black, I did not like it; I said you will know it again, and put it in my pocket; I had it a fortnight; I had passed it, but it came back, and I returned it to him, and he gave me another for it; I am sure it is the same sixpence.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. -
<persName id="t17951202-21-person260"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person260" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person260" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> When you received it, where did you put it? - A. In my pocket-apron, among my other silver.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person261"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person261" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person261" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Notwithstanding it has been mixed with your other silver, and out of your possession, and returned, will you undertake to swear to it? - A. Yes; I know it perfectly well; it was out of my possession about a day.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-21-person262"> ALICIA CAMERON
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person262" type="surname" value="CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person262" type="given" value="ALICIA"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person262" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of Colonel Cameron: a trunk, containing linen, was sent up with the baggage to Mr. Wilson's whars; they were sent from Wakefield to Oxford, and from Oxford by water; I was at the packing up of the box.</p>
<p>The various articles were sworn to Mrs. Cameron, who deposed to them from the darnings, hemmings, and intials, upon them.</p>
<p>On her cross-examination she said, that they had lain in the trunk many years; but she had often seen them in the trunk; that she was present at the packing up of the box; that it was put in clean; that there are some things missing; but she is certain it is the trunk.</p>
<p>Jackson's defence. - I got up a little before six that morning, which I do in general, to go to work; I went to this public-house, and called for a pennyworth of purl; Willoughby came in, and said a warehouse had been broke open; he searched me, but found nothing upon me; they went away, and then came back and took me; I know nothing of it.</p>
<p>Chandler's defence. - I went from the public-house home to bed; I know nothing of it.</p>
<p>One of the Jury to Willoughby. - Q. You saw Jackson in the public-house, and you went away and left him there? - A. Yes; I was gone about fifteen minutes, and I found him there when I returned.(The prisoner, Jackson, called Job Turner, Hannab Swist, and
<persName id="t17951202-21-person263"> Mary Barker
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person263" type="surname" value="Barker"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person263" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-person263" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who had known him a great number of years, and gave him a good character).</p>
<p>Jackson, GUILTY,</p>
<p>Of
<rs id="t17951202-21-verdict111" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-21-verdict111" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-21-verdict111" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> stealing the goods, but not in the warehouse adjoining to the wharf </rs>.</p>
<p>Chandler,
<rs id="t17951202-21-verdict112" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-21-verdict112" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-21-punish113" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-21-punish113" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-defend241 t17951202-21-punish113"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-21-defend242 t17951202-21-punish113"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17951202-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-22-off114-c229" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-22-defend265 t17951202-22-off114 t17951202-22-verdict115"/>
<p>22.
<persName id="t17951202-22-defend265" type="defendantName"> SUSANNAH MILLISON
<interp inst="t17951202-22-defend265" type="surname" value="MILLISON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22-defend265" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22-defend265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-22-off114" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-22-off114" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22-off114" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving a silver watch, value 42s. the property of
<persName id="t17951202-22-victim267" type="victimName"> Henry Seymour
<interp inst="t17951202-22-victim267" type="surname" value="Seymour"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22-victim267" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22-victim267" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-22-off114 t17951202-22-victim267"/> </persName> , well knowing the same to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<p>There being no evidence called, the prisoner was
<rs id="t17951202-22-verdict115" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-22-verdict115" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-22-verdict115" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-23">
<interp inst="t17951202-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-23-off116-c231" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-defend269 t17951202-23-off116 t17951202-23-verdict120"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-23-off116-c232" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-defend271 t17951202-23-off116 t17951202-23-verdict121"/>
<p>23.
<persName id="t17951202-23-defend269" type="defendantName"> THOMAS BARBER
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend269" type="surname" value="BARBER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend269" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend269" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend269" type="age" value="45"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17951202-23-defend271" type="defendantName"> MARR KAY
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend271" type="surname" value="KAY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend271" type="given" value="MARR"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-defend271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, the first,
<persName id="t17951202-23-person272"> Thomas Barber
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person272" type="surname" value="Barber"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person272" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17951202-23-off116" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-23-off116" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-off116" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> having put off, on the
<rs id="t17951202-23-cd117" type="crimeDate">10th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-off116 t17951202-23-cd117"/>, to
<persName id="t17951202-23-person273"> Edward Rogers
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person273" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person273" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , twenty-five pieces of false and counterfeit money, made to the likeness of the coin of this realm, a sixpence, the same not being cut in pieces, at a lower rate than the same did import </rs>.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020030"/>Second Count. Laying it to be at the rate of twenty-five for half-a-guinea; and Marr Kay, for being an accessary before the fact.(The Case was opened by Mr. Fielding.)</p>
<p>EDWARD ROGERS sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17951202-23-viclabel118" type="occupation">belong to the Public-office</rs>, Shadwell On Thursday the 8th, or Friday the 9th of October, I am not certain which, I went to
<placeName id="t17951202-23-crimeloc119">the Queen's head, in Great Queen-street, Lincoln's-Inn-fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="the Queen's head, in Great Queen-street, Lincoln's-Inn-fields"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-off116 t17951202-23-crimeloc119"/>, I saw the prisoner Kay, and a Mr. Nichols from Birmingham, standing at the door; they asked me how I did, and if I would drink any thing; I went into the tap-room, and there was the prisoner Barber; we had something to drink; he had told me that he had got the news of Kay manufacturing silver; I whispered to him in the tap-room, and asked him if he had got any; he said he had none but sixpences; in a few minutes after Mr. Kay went out; I asked him if I could have any sixpances, and how he sold them; he told me they were of a better quality than were sold in general; that they were half copper and half silver, and he could only give me twenty-five for half a guinea for whatever quantity I would take; this was about two o'clock in the day; I asked him if I could have them now, he told me his partner, Mr. Kay, was gone to Robins's sale to purchase some plate to run down, and as soon as he came back I could have them; upon that, we all concluded to go to Robins's, that I might have it as soon as possible: Barber and I went there, and saw Kay; he purchased some plate, and Nichols, Barber, Kay, and myself, went from thence to a house in Great Earl-street, Seven-Dials; we drank together again, and I asked Barber when I could have some of this money; he whispered to Mr. Kay, and it was agreed between Barber and Kay, and myself, to come to the Queen's-head that same evening at eight o'clock, and I might have whatever I wanted; it might be about four o'clock at this time; I went at the time appointed, and saw Mr. Barber and Mr. Kay, they knew my business, and Barber called Kay out of the tap-room into the passage; they returned in a few minutes; Barber touched me, and I went out into the back kitchen with him; nothing searcely passed in the tap-room, because there were strangers there; when he went into the kitchen, I asked him if he had got the whites, he said he had very few that he could spare, but half a guinea's worth, as a customer of his had taken all he had, except half a guinea's worth, which he kept for me; he gave me twenty-five sixpences, for which I gave him half a guinea in gold; we then returned to the tap-room, and he handed the half guinea to Mr. Kay; he told me, as I was anxious about them, I might have another half guinea's worth; accordingly he and I went into the back kitchen again, and had twenty-five more; I gave him a guinea, and he told me if I went into the tap-room I should get half a guinea from Mr. Kay; he then returned to the tap-room; he handed Mr.
<persName id="t17951202-23-person274"> Kay
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person274" type="given" value="Kay"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person274" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> the guinea, and he said, you owe Mr. Rogers half a guinea; upon which Mr. Kay put his hand in his pocket, and handed me half a guinea: I asked Barber when he thought he should have any shillings, he said he could not tell, the sixpences had had such a run, that he did not care to make any shillings, but he would recommend me to a person if I was in want of shillings; accordingly we went to the White Hart in Portpool-lane.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person275"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person275" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person275" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> What did you do with the money? - A. I have it (produces it); I have had them sealed up ever since, except the time that I was before the magistrate; I immediately went to the magistrate and gave information, and, in a few days, warrants were insued for their apprehension; I went with the officer, and met the prisoner Kay; I pointed him out to the officers, and they took him into custody.</p>
<p>Q. Was he searched? - A. I did not stay in the house; I went out; I afterwards went with the officers to Barber's house, in Goswell-street, on the 16th of October, the same day that Kay was apprehended, I went up first; he was in bed; I came down, and told the officers he was in bed, and they went up and took him into custody.</p>
<p>Q. Did you separate the two parcels that you bought? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person276"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person276" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person276" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> No; I put them all in my waistcoat pocket together.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys, Counsel for Barber</p>
<p>Q. I suppose this was the first time you began to inform upon this subject? - A. I have
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020031"/>told the magistrates several times concerning others; Gilbert was the first I laid an information against, but I never prosecuted any before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person277"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person277" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person277" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> This was a business you meant particularly to remark, was it not? - A. It was a business the magistrate desired me to take particular notice of.</p>
<p>Q. You know this man had committed a selony at the time you bought the fixpences, did not you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know what I mean by the word selony? - A. I know it is a crime.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know it was a selony or not? A. I knew it was a crime; is selony capital or not, I don't know; I believe it is a selony.</p>
<p>Q. Did you attempt to stop him? - A. I did not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person278"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person278" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person278" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> What business are you? - A. A police officer, at Shadwell; I was appointed in September last.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person279"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person279" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person279" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Have you no other way of living? - A. No, only I have a yearly income of between 50 and 60l. a year; I have the deeds in my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. I believe you are a Scotchman? - A. No; I know Edinburgh very well.</p>
<p>Q. You know the Castle, don't you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You know the Abbey? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. The Abbey is converted into a prison, is it not? - A. It is a sanctuary for honest debtors, but not for rogues.</p>
<p>Q. Were you ever in that place? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person280"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person280" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person280" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Thousands of times.</p>
<p>Q. Were you ever confined there? - A. I had the misfortune to become a bankrupt, and I had a touch on the coat sometimes, and I went to the Abbey for a sanctuary; none but honest debtors go there.</p>
<p>Q. How long were you there? - A. I was there one time thirteen weeks, and another time three weeks or a month.</p>
<p>Q. Were it not three years now? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person281"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person281" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person281" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> No; it is three years since since my bankruptcy; and I have been two years in London; I was there till I got a personal protection from the Court of Session.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person282"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person282" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person282" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> How came you by this 50l. or 60l. a year? - A. It was money left to my wife, in consequence of a marriage contract previous to her marriage, vested in her, and I delivered up my deed to my creditors.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, did not you make you escape from that place? - A. I did not; I came regularly upon the road, by day-light, to Berwick, and took a ship there to come here to my own house in Spring- gardens.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know a Mr. Lauderdale in Scotland, at Kibercon, near Carlisle? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person283"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person283" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person283" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> I know several; I know Lord Launderdale.</p>
<p>Q. I mean Mr. Lauderdale; did he never charge you with a fraud? - A. Never; nor any man.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Talboys? - A. I know no such man, upon my oath; the coiners have informed you wrong.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Crossey? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person284"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person284" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person284" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> No; I know no such man.</p>
<p>Q.Mr. McCrostie? - A. I never heard of such a man in my life; I think it is a very extraordinary name.</p>
<p>Q. Were you never taken up in Edinburgh, charged with a crime? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person285"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person285" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person285" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Never in my life; I was once arrested for a debt, which I paid.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever been at Belfast? - A. Yes, purchasing linen.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Samuel Wilson, a merchant, there? - A. No such man.</p>
<p>Q. Were you never taken up at Belfast? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Nor any warrant issued against you? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person286"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person286" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person286" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Never.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Black-horse public-house, kept by a man of the name of Wray? - A. Yes; I knew it about thirteen years ago.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person287"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person287" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person287" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Perhaps you know two men of the name of Macan and Dunlop? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You kept a horse and cart once, did not you? - A. No; I kept a horse and chaise.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person288"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person288" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person288" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You used to travel a little with Macan and Dunlop? - A. No; I kept a horse and chaise in Edinburgh.</p>
<p>Q. I mean in London? - A. No; I never travel in London, but through the streets; I have bought money of Mrs. Dunlop.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person289"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person289" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person289" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> But you were acquainted with them before that? - A. I saw Dunlop in Scotland, making soap; I have been several times in their company, for the purpose of finding out their coining; but I was never connected with them any otherwise.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person290"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person290" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person290" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> How long have you been acquainted with Dunlop? - A. I saw him here about six months ago; he frequented a house in Ratcliff-
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020032"/>highway, called the White Hat, between six and seven months since, and frequently since.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person291"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person291" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person291" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> And the 11th of October was the first time you gave information? - A. I gave Mr. Colquhoun information two months before that; I was a long time before I could find it out; they would not sell any before me; as soon as I could come at the bottom of it, to purchase any, I always acquainted the magistrate with it every week.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever act as a porter at an auction? - A. No; I lived as clerk, fifteen years ago, with Mr. Williams, the second door in Pall Mall; he sometimes had auctions, and I perhaps used to clerk down for him, or the like of that, and received the money for him.</p>
<p>Q. You never lived at any auction room? - A. Yes; I had one of my own, at No. 179, High Holborn.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person292"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person292" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person292" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> With a porter attending at the door? - A. No; I had not one of those kind of auctions; I was a regular auctioneer, and sworn to pay my duty.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person293"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person293" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person293" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You have been acquainted with some distinguished characters you say, particularly Lord Lauderdale; have you never lived with the Irish giant? - A. I suppose you mean to affront me; upon my oath I did not; my Lord, and the gentlemen of the jury, are very well acquainted with the nature of the abuse you are giving me; I was told I should have some.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp, Counsel for Kay.</p>
<p>Q. Kay was not present at any time when you received any money? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person294"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person294" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person294" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Were you ever at Manchester? - A. Yes, and dealt in some thousands of pounds.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you ever stay there? -
<persName id="t17951202-23-person295"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person295" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person295" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Three days, or perhaps four, but no longer.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person296"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person296" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person296" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Never longer at any one time? - A. Never more than four days at one time.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-23-person297"> JOHN ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person297" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person297" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went, on Friday the 16th of October, with Rogers, to apprehend the prisoners; I found Kay at the Queen's-head, Great Queen-street, Lincoln's Inn-fields; I searched him, and found one hundred and one counterfeit sixpences in his waistcoat pocket and breeches; he had no good silver at all; I then went to Barber's lodgings in Goswell-street; he seemed to be very unwell; he was dressing himself when I went in, and I searched him; here are five counterfeit sixpences and three counterfeit shillings, that I found upon him, and some plain halfpence (producing them); he had two half-crowns a shilling, and a half-guinea, that was good, which were returned to me; Wray was with me.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. - Q. He had half-a guinea, two half-crowns, and a shilling, good? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And less than that bad? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. And I believe, in the present state of circulation, it is pretty well if a man gets half good and half bad? - A. Yes, as times go, I believe it is.</p>
<p>One of the Jury. - Q. Did you find the good money and the bad together? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>JOHN WRAY sworn.</p>
<p>I was with the last witness on the 16th of October, when he apprehended Barber; I was not with him when he apprehended Kay; we found in Barber's lodgings about two shillings worth of halfpence unfinished, eight sixpences, and four shillings, bad (produces them).</p>
<p>Mr. Knowlys. - Q. These halfpence are such as cannot pass? - A. Not in that state.</p>
<p>Q. If a man had taken them, you know he must keep them. - A. Yes.</p>
<p>WILLIAM BLACKITER sworn.</p>
<p>I was with Armstrong when he searched Kay: he took out of his pocket one hundred and one sixpences, all bad; and I found in his pocket-book some memorandums respecting Mr. Barber(producing them).</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding to Armstrong. - Q. Are these fifty sixpences that Rogers got good or bad? - A. They appear to be all counterfeits:</p>
<p>Prisoner Barber's Defence. - I don't know the informer at all; I never saw him till he came into my room, before the warrant was served.</p>
<p>Prisoner Kay's Defence. - I know nothing at all about the informer, not a single thing.</p>
<p>The prisoner kay called
<persName id="t17951202-23-person298"> Joseph Marshall
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person298" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person298" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17951202-23-person299"> George Roberts
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person299" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person299" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17951202-23-person300"> John Dodds
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person300" type="surname" value="Dodds"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17951202-23-person301"> John Jackson
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person301" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person301" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who all gave him a good character.</p>
<p>The prisoner Barber called
<persName id="t17951202-23-person302"> Edward Page
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person302" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person302" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , his landlord, who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Barber
<rs id="t17951202-23-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-23-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 45.)</p>
<p>The Prisoner Kay being charged as on accessary,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020033"/>and the evidence proving him to be a principal, the Jury found him</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-23-verdict121" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-23-verdict121" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>He was detained to take his trial at the next sessions as a principal.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-23-punish122" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-23-punish122" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-punish122" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-defend269 t17951202-23-punish122"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-defend271 t17951202-23-punish122"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-23-punish123" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-23-punish123" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-23-punish123" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-defend269 t17951202-23-punish123"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-23-defend271 t17951202-23-punish123"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-24">
<interp inst="t17951202-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-24-off124-c264" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-24-defend304 t17951202-24-off124 t17951202-24-verdict127"/>
<p>24.
<persName id="t17951202-24-defend304" type="defendantName"> JAMES LEONARD
<interp inst="t17951202-24-defend304" type="surname" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-defend304" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-defend304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-defend304" type="age" value="42"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-24-off124" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-24-off124" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-off124" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> putting off, on the
<rs id="t17951202-24-cd125" type="crimeDate">30th of September</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-24-off124 t17951202-24-cd125"/>, to Edward Rogers, twenty one pieces of false and counterfeit milled money and coin, made to the likeness of the coin of this realm, called a shilling, the same not being cut in pieces, at a lower rate than the same did import, that is to say, for half-a-guinea </rs>.</p>
<p>Second count. For putting off, to the said
<persName id="t17951202-24-person305"> Edward Rogers
<interp inst="t17951202-24-person305" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-person305" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the like number of pieces of false and counterfeit money, made to the likeness of a shilling, at the rate of twenty-one for half-a-guinea.</p>
<p>The Case opened by Mr. Fidding.</p>
<p>EDWARD ROGERS sworn.</p>
<p>On the 30th of September last I went to the house of the prisoner, in
<placeName id="t17951202-24-crimeloc126">Saffron-place, Saffron-hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-crimeloc126" type="placeName" value="Saffron-place, Saffron-hill"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-crimeloc126" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-24-off124 t17951202-24-crimeloc126"/>: I found him at home; I asked him if he had any counterfeit silver (I called them whites); he told me he had; I told him I come for the purpose of purchasing some; he desired me to go to the White-house, a public-house in the neighbourhood, and he would follow me; I accordingly went to the public-house, and in a few minutes he came; during our stay in the public-house, I asked him what sort he made; I believe I termed them bobs and half-bulls, (that is shillings and half-crowns), that is the flash-name of them; he said he made both, and that he sold them at the rate of 2s. counterfeit for one of good money; I asked him if he could let me see any of them; he told me had disposed, a day or two before, of what he had upon hand; that he had only one half-crown in the house, and, if I would step to his house, I might look at them; and if I liked the goods it was very well, and if I did not, there was no harm done; I went home with him, and he went up stairs, and brought down a paper parcel, with a large quantity of shillings; I looked at them, and found fault with the quality of them, but took 21s. of him, for which I gave him last-a-guinea (produces them), they are all counterfeit; I asked him how soon he would have any half-crowns ready; he said, if I would give him an order, he would make them for me in three or four days; he went up stairs a second time, and brought down that odd half-crown that he told me had, which he gave me as a pattern, but would charge me nothing for it (produces it); he said fifteen-pence a piece was the price of them; I told him I would call again; he was taken up upon a warrant on the 16th of October: I went to his house with Lillywhite, an extra officer of Worship-street; he was not at home; we went away, and came back again, he was then at home; I told him the young man with me (Lillywhite), was going into the country, and I wanted those things I had bespoke of him, meaning the half-crowns; he said I might have them; upon that I put my hand to my pocket, as if I intended to give my watch to Mr. Lillywhite to pawn, to raise the money, which I did in order that he might go out for the other officers; they came in, and we took him into custody.</p>
<p>On his cross-examination, he said, he gave information to Mr. Colquhoun, the very next morning, that there was nothing found at the prisoner's house; that he had been a bankrupt but once; that near 60l. a year was settled upon his wife previous to his bankruptcy, and that he delivered the trust deed to his creditors, in case he should be the survivor.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-24-person306"> JOHN LILLYWHITE
<interp inst="t17951202-24-person306" type="surname" value="LILLYWHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-person306" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an officer: I went with the last witness to the prisoner's house, on Friday the 16th of October; he was not at home; we went away and returned again; he was then at home; we asked him if those things were ready, he said, yes; and what followed I cannot directly say; but Mr. Rogers turned to me directly, under pretence of giving me his watch to pledge for three guineas; the officers were upon Saffron-hill; I brought them in, and he was apprehended; there was nothing found in the house.</p>
<p>JOHN ARMSTRONG sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that money, is it good or bad? - A. It is counterfeit; it is blackened, because otherwise there would be a very great white appear; there is a mixture used to take it off.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020034"/>Prisoner defence. I never saw Rogers in my life till I was taken into custody; he might as well say any gentleman here gave him the things as me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-24-verdict127" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-24-verdict127" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 42.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-24-punish128" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-24-punish128" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-punish128" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-24-defend304 t17951202-24-punish128"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-24-punish129" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-24-punish129" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-24-punish129" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-24-defend304 t17951202-24-punish129"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-25">
<interp inst="t17951202-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-25-off130-c267" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-25-defend308 t17951202-25-off130 t17951202-25-verdict133"/>
<p>25.
<persName id="t17951202-25-defend308" type="defendantName"> JAMES PULLEN
<interp inst="t17951202-25-defend308" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-defend308" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-defend308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-defend308" type="age" value="44"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-25-off130" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-25-off130" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-off130" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> putting off, on the
<rs id="t17951202-25-cd131" type="crimeDate">11th of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-25-off130 t17951202-25-cd131"/>, to Edward Rogers, sixty-one pieces of false and counterfeit milled money, made to the likeness of a shilling; the same not being cut in pieces at a lower rate than the same did import; that is to say, eighty for two pieces of current coin called guineas of this realm </rs>.</p>
<p>Second count. For putting off sixty-one pieces of counterseit milled money, made to the likeness of a shilling, for two guineas of the current coin of this realm.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person309"> EDWARD ROGERS
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person309" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person309" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Sunday the 11th of October, about three quarters past ten o'clock, I went to meet the prisoner, by appointment, at
<placeName id="t17951202-25-crimeloc132">the Mitre, in Goswell-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-crimeloc132" type="placeName" value="the Mitre, in Goswell-street"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-crimeloc132" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-25-off130 t17951202-25-crimeloc132"/>; the prisoner was there, and Thomas Barber with him, in the parlour; I enquired what sort of goods were come from the workhouse to that house for sale; whether it was halfpence or silver; he told me all the halfpence he had were bespoke, but that he had some silver; I asked him to look at it; he pulled out a large paper full of it; I suppose there might be 6l. in shillings; I was to have 40s. for a guinea; he counted out 8cs. and I paid him two guineas (producing them); nineteen of them are stamped in imitation of French shillings, and sixty-one of the English coin.</p>
<p>Court. Q. How am I to know that this was not a fair transaction between the prisoner and the witness; it might be a fair exchange? I have nothing to do with French money, sitting here.</p>
<p>Mr. Gullen. A. I believe we can prove the value.</p>
<p>Rogers. I did not know that they were French till I examined them afterwards, they were mixed with the others.</p>
<p>Court. You have failed in proving your second count; it is now for you to make out your first: they are charged as being in the similitude of an English shilling, and that they were sold at a lower rate than they imported.</p>
<p>Q. What passed afterwards? - A. I went away, and immediately communicated it to the Public-office; I went with the officers; Mr. Pullen was sitting in the same parlour where I purchased the money, and he was apprehended on the 16th of October; he was sitting with three or four other men at the table; there was an old stocking lying on the table; where he was leaning; it was opened, and found to contain a quantity of dross or folder, or something of that sort: Lillywhite went out for the officers, and when they came they apprehended him.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys.
<persName id="t17951202-25-person310"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person310" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person310" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> You have seen this man frequently at this house before? - A. I believe three times before; I went with a view to find out the business; when he was examined before Mr. Colquhoun he denied my having seen him before, but I had seen him at that house three times before, getting parcels out of the cupboard.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath did you tell the magistrate that you had seen him sell bad money three times before? - A. I told him that I had seen him take money out, and deliver it three times before.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to swear now, that upon the prisoner's examination before the magistrate you said you had seen him selling bad money before? - A. I did.</p>
<p>Q. That was taken down in writing, was it not? - A. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. Where was it you saw him do this? - A. In the parlour; Mr. Ward, the landlord, was in the bar, I think, I am not quite sure; I saw the prisoner there the very night before; I went into the passage, and asked a young man if Mr. Pullen was there.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean young Mr. Ward? - A. He was standing in the passage, at the place where the serve the gin.</p>
<p>(
<persName id="t17951202-25-person311"> James Ward
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person311" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person311" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was called into court.)</p>
<p>Q. Is that the young man? - A. I think it is not, but I am not quite sure whether it was him or not; the passage is dark.</p>
<p>Q. You say you was acquainted with Macan and Dunlop? - A. I knew them six or seven months; they were frequently in the house of a Mr. Brown, the corner of Neptune-street,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020035"/>Ratcliffe-highway, whose licence has been taken away.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, did you never travel with them about the country? - A. I never did.</p>
<p>Q. This metal dross, or whatever it was, you say was on a table near them? - A. Yes, there were three or four other people sitting round the table, to the best of my knowledge.</p>
<p>RICHARD LILLYWHITE sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable: On the 16th of October, I went with Rogers to a public-house, in Goswell-street, to apprehend the prisoner; we went four or five times before we could find him; we had something to drink; every time we found him there about seven or eight o'clock in the evening; Rogers gave me the signal that that was the man; I saw some lead, or something in a bag upon the table; I went out for the officers, and he was apprehended; I did not see any thing taken from him; there were several persons in the room.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person312"> JOHN ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person312" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person312" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went to the Mitre, in Goswell-street: the prisoner was there drinking a pint of beer with Rogers; I went in and told him I had a warrant against him, and I delivered him to Harper and the others; the next day I went to a house in Printing-house-square, with Mr. Clarke, the Marshal; I don't know whether it was the prisoner's house or not.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that money, and say whether it is good money or counterfeit? -
<persName id="t17951202-25-person313"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person313" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person313" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> These appear to be counterfeit French, the other parcel is counterfeit English.</p>
<p>Court. Q. You know French money is as base as it can be? - A. This appears to be as base as the counterfeit English money; it is not better.</p>
<p>Court. Q. Do you think they are of more value than the others? - A. No; they are easier passed.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp. Q. You are not a silversmith? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person314"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person314" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person314" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Nor a monier of the mint? - A. No.</p>
<p>Q. Are you able, from your knowledge of French money, to say if this is totally bad? - A. I believe so.</p>
<p>Q. Were any of the prisoners apprehended at that time? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know whether Pullen knew that? - A. He might have known it, there were some taken in that neighbourhood.</p>
<p>Q. How long had any of them been apprehended? - A. Six or seven hours, some of them.</p>
<p>Q. Then, if he knew it, he had plenty of time to go away? - A. If he had been there, and knew it, I dare say he would.</p>
<p>Q. There were other persons in this room? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He went very readily with you? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Whether it was Pullen's house or not, did you find any bad silver in the house? - A. None.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing about his person? - A. I did not search him; Harper did.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person315"> SAMUEL HARPER
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person315" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person315" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a police officer: On the 16th of October I went with Rogers, to apprehend the prisoner, to the Mitre, in Goswell-street; I searched him, and found nothing but some loose papers; I went the next morning to search his house; I saw his wife there, whom I knew; I found no bad money, but I found a part of a frame for a press, calculated for the business of coining, and nothing else; I have seen a great many of them; it seemed to be very lately split.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knapp - Q. So that in that state it could not be used? -
<persName id="t17951202-25-person316"> A.
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person316" type="given" value="A."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person316" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Certainly not.</p>
<p>Q. You found no money, only some halfpence in a drawer, that were good? - A. Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. - I leave my defence to my counsel.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<p>JOHN WARD sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Mitre, in Goswell-street: I have kept that house thirteen years; I saw Rogers at the office in Worship-street, last Saturday; I never saw him before; I asked who he was, because he asked me many impertinent questions, and they said, it was Rogers, and then I was satisfied he was the man that was the informer.</p>
<p>Q. You don't know whether he was ever in your house? - A. I cannot say, because so many people come into a public-house.</p>
<p>Mr. Cullen. Q. Do you remember the prisoner being apprehended in your house? - A. No; I was not at home.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020036"/>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person317"> JAMES WARD
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person317" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person317" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the son of the last witness: I live at the Mitre, in Goswell-street; I have seen Rogers three or four times at our house; he came one Sunday morning, and asked for Mr.Pullen; I told him he was not there, and I did not see him again till the day he was apprehended.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person318"> NATHANIEL DAWSON
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person318" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person318" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a cabinet-maker, in Honey-lane, Cheapside: I have known the prisoner six years; I have always found him a fair-dealing man; he has laid 60 or 70l. out with me, and always paid me in good money.</p>
<p>Q. What business is he? - A. I fancy he dealt in pewter pots; he kept a public-house about two years.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-25-person319"> JOSEPH HALE
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person319" type="surname" value="HALE"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person319" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a brewer, in Red-cross-street; I know the prisoner by serving him.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you served him? - A. Not within these twelve months; I believe he has left the house; he appeared to be a fair man in his dealings with me, and always paid me in good money.(The prisoner called five other witnesses, who gave him a good character.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-25-verdict133" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-25-verdict133" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 44.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-25-punish134" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-25-punish134" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-punish134" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-25-defend308 t17951202-25-punish134"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-25-punish135" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-25-punish135" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-25-punish135" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-25-defend308 t17951202-25-punish135"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-26">
<interp inst="t17951202-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-26-off136-c279" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-26-defend321 t17951202-26-off136 t17951202-26-verdict139"/>
<p>26.
<persName id="t17951202-26-defend321" type="defendantName"> JOHN GILBERT
<interp inst="t17951202-26-defend321" type="surname" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-defend321" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-defend321" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-defend321" type="age" value="50"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17951202-26-off136" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-26-off136" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-off136" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> putting off, on the
<rs id="t17951202-26-cd137" type="crimeDate">2d of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-26-off136 t17951202-26-cd137"/>, to Edward Rogers, 357 pieces of false and counterseit copper money, made to the likeness of a halfpenny, the same not being cut in pieces at a lower rate than the same did import, that is, for 8s. in monies numbered </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Court. For putting off a like number of pieces of false and counterseit money, made to the likeness of a halfpenny, to the said Edward Rogers, at the rate of 357 for 8s.</p>
<p>The case was opened by Mr. Cullen.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-26-person322"> EDWARD ROGERS
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person322" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person322" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner at the bar; he lived some time ago in Little Turnstile, Holborn, but afterwards moved to Weston's Park, Linculn's-inn-fields: On the 2d of October, I called at Mr. Gilbert's house, in
<placeName id="t17951202-26-crimeloc138">Weston's Park</placeName>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-crimeloc138" type="placeName" value="Weston's Park"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-crimeloc138" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-26-off136 t17951202-26-crimeloc138"/>; there were some holes in the outside door, so that the person in the inside can clearly see who comes to the door; his daughter looked through one of the holes, and asked her if her father was at home; she said he was; upon that she opened the door, and I went in through a very dark passage; at length we came to a light place, a kitchen; the father came down, and I asked him if he had any halfpence; she said, if I called them halfpence, at the house where her father worked, I should be fined half-a-gallon of beer; she said, the term used at their house was mags; Gilbert desired his daughter to let me see some of them; she accordingly stooped down and took out of a sink, or place that holds water, in the kitchen, where there was a hole under it, and a number of papers deposited; there she took out of that place a paper parcel, containing six smaller parcels of 5s. each; in count 30s. which they call a piece? I looked at them, and they were of a very bad quality; I said I would only take half a piece, that was 15s. she gave them to me, and I gave her half-a-guinea in gold, and she gave me a half-crown piece in change; I have counted them since and found but 14s. 101/2d.(produces them): I think, if I recollect right, there are 375 pieces, or 357, I don't recollect which, but I think it is 357; there were two women, appeared to be market women, by their dress, purchased a piece, and there was a pockmarked man, dressed like a blacksmith, came in for some; I told him they were of such an indifferent quality, I should like something better; he said, if I would give him an order, he would make them to any size or thickness I liked; he said, he would have a partern for me, if I called again; I called again, and he shewed me a few halfpence of a thicker quality, much better; I asked him the price of them by the piece, and he said he could not sell them for less than nineteen shillings; I offered him eighteen for one paper, and he seemed to be rather affronted; he said, he thought I was such a customer, and I came away; I went afterwards with the officers; Mr. Armstrong, I believe, was one; I went to the door and rung the bell, one of the daughters came to the door, she looked through the hole of the door as before; when she saw it was me she opened the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179512020037"/>door, and the officer immediately went in; a search was made, but I only saw part of it; I did not see any thing found, and I came away.</p>
<p>Cross-examined by Mr. Knowlys. Q. How long have you been acquainted with this man? - A. It might be two months; Macan gave me a direction to him.</p>
<p>Q. You did not take him up till fourteen days after this? - A. The magistrate thought the best way was to have them all taken up on one day, for fear of giving an alarm to the rest.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean to say you have never done business with Macan and Dunlop? - A. Never in my life in the bad money way.</p>
<p>Q. You have never gone about with them when they have been passing bad money? - A. Never; I might have been in their company when they were felling.</p>
<p>Q. You never were concerned with them? - A. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-26-person323"> JOHN ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person323" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person323" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went to search the prisoner's house, but found nothing; the other officer, I believe, did.</p>
<p>SAMUEL HARPER sworn.</p>
<p>I went with Rogers and Armstrong to search the house, and apprehend the prisoner: On the 16th of October I found nothing but some silver and halfpence in a bason, which turned out to be good; after that Armstrong and all the officers but me went away and left us with Gilbert's daughter; they staid away some time, and I went to see after them; I met Gilbert in Turnstile; says I, Gilbert, how does the world use you? says he, but poorly: where do you live now? why, says he, I hardly know; says I, then I will tell you, for I have just come from your house, and I took him into custody, and carried him to his own house; then we took him in a coach to the Crown, in Clerkenwell, and there I searched him, and upon his person I found 110 guineas, all in one purse, 25s. 6d. in silver, half-a-guinea in gold, and these papers, which appear to be bills of parcels; the money was all good, and I returned it to him.(The papers were produced and read.)</p>
<p>112lb. of copper £. 6 1 4</p>
<p>28 wt. - 1 4 6</p>
<p>4 16 10</p>
<p>Oct. 24,1795. Sheet 1. £. 5 12 0</p>
<p>Court. There is no occasion to read any more of them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-26-person324"> WILLIAM BLACKITER
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person324" type="surname" value="BLACKITER"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person324" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was present at searching the prisoner's house; I found 13 halfpence in a drawer under the sink, in the kitchen.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-26-person325"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person325" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person325" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Fit for circulation? - A. No, they are half struck; they are what they call waste, thrown out from the others.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17951202-26-person326"> Q.
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person326" type="given" value="Q."/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-person326" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (To Armstrong.) Look at these halfpence, and say, whether they are counterseit or good? - A. They are counterseit.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence. My Lord, the prosecutor is a very false-swearing man; I never saw him in my life.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-26-verdict139" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-26-verdict139" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 50.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GROSE.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-26-punish140" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-26-punish140" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-punish140" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-26-defend321 t17951202-26-punish140"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17951202-26-punish141" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17951202-26-punish141" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-26-punish141" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-26-defend321 t17951202-26-punish141"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17951202-27">
<interp inst="t17951202-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-27" type="year" value="1795"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17951202"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-27" type="date" value="17951202"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-27-off142-c285" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-27-defend328 t17951202-27-off142 t17951202-27-verdict143"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-27-off142-c286" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-27-defend329 t17951202-27-off142 t17951202-27-verdict143"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17951202-27-off142-c287" targOrder="Y" targets="t17951202-27-defend331 t17951202-27-off142 t17951202-27-verdict143"/>
<p>27.
<persName id="t17951202-27-defend328" type="defendantName"> CATHERINE MEADOWS
<interp inst="t17951202-27-defend328" type="surname" value="MEADOWS"/>
<interp inst="t17951202-27-defend328"