<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 id="17940115" type="sessionsPaper" fragment="yes">
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17940115-39">
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179401150100"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39" type="year" value="1794"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17940115"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39" type="date" value="17940115"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17940115-39-off203-c510" targOrder="Y" targets="t17940115-39-defend580 t17940115-39-off203 t17940115-39-verdict206"/>
<persName id="t17940115-39-defend580" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SPENDELOW
<interp inst="t17940115-39-defend580" type="surname" value="SPENDELOW"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-defend580" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-defend580" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-defend580" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> was indicted for that
<rs id="t17940115-39-off203" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17940115-39-off203" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-off203" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> he, on the 17th of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179401150101"/>November in the 19th year of his present Majesty's reign, at the parish of All Saints in the town of Harford, then took to wife one
<persName id="t17940115-39-victim582" type="victimName"> Mary French
<interp inst="t17940115-39-victim582" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-victim582" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-victim582" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster; and that afterwards on the
<rs id="t17940115-39-cd204" type="crimeDate">13th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17940115-39-off203 t17940115-39-cd204"/>, in the parish of
<placeName id="t17940115-39-crimeloc205">St. Botolph without Aldgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-crimeloc205" type="placeName" value="St. Botolph without Aldgate"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-crimeloc205" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17940115-39-off203 t17940115-39-crimeloc205"/>, did take to wife one
<persName id="t17940115-39-victim584" type="victimName"> Margaret May
<interp inst="t17940115-39-victim584" type="surname" value="May"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-victim584" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-victim584" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, and to the said Margaret was then and there married, his former wife being then alive </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17940115-39-person585"> JOSEPH GREEN
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person585" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person585" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person585" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable belonging to the City; I am the person that apprehended the prisoner, I have got the certificate of the first marriage at Harford; I compared it word for word with the register and I am sure it is a true copy.</p>
<p>(The certificate of the marriage read.)</p>
<p>Q. Where any of the witnesses present at this marriage? - Yes, Mr. Unwin.</p>
<persName id="t17940115-39-person586"> JOSEPH UNWIN
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person586" type="surname" value="UNWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person586" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person586" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner at the bar; he is my brother-in-law.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any thing of his being married in 1788? - Yes, I gave my sister away, I was father there.</p>
<p>Q. At what church? - Harford church.</p>
<p>Q. What was the name of the first wife? -
<persName id="t17940115-39-person587"> Mary French
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person587" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person587" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person587" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Is she at this moment alive? - I have not seen her for this twelvemonth, she is down in Essex and has five children.</p>
<p>- POINTER sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Are you acquainted with Mrs. Spendelow whose maiden name was French? - Yes, I see her about three weeks ago.</p>
<p>Court to Unwin. Is it understood in your family that
<persName id="t17940115-39-person588"> Mary French
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person588" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person588" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person588" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> is living? - Yes, it is.</p>
<persName id="t17940115-39-person589"> MARGARET MAY
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person589" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person589" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person589" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner married me under the pretence of a single man.</p>
<p>Q. When was this marriage folemnized? - This day five weeks, at Aldgate church by licence.</p>
<p>Q. Is the register here? - Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17940115-39-person590"> JOHN TASKETER
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person590" type="surname" value="TASKETER"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person590" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person590" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am clerk of the parish of St. Botolph Aldgate. On the 12th of December, I had notice given to me, that there was to be a licensed wedding on the day following, I asked very particularly whether it was to be in our parish or not? The next morning the parties were
<persName id="t17940115-39-person591"> William Spendelow
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person591" type="surname" value="Spendelow"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person591" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person591" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the parish of Great Stambridge in the county of Middlesex, (as given to me) a batchelor, and
<persName id="t17940115-39-person592"> Margaret May
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person592" type="surname" value="May"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person592" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person592" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of the parish of St. Botolph, Aldgate, a spinster.</p>
<p>Q. Was you present at the marriage? - I was.</p>
<p>Q. Should you know the parties again? - Yes, both of them, the prisoner at the bar I know is the man to my certain knowledge, and the young woman is the other.</p>
<persName id="t17940115-39-person593"> JAMES MILLER
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person593" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person593" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-person593" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I gave the young woman in marriage the 13th of December.</p>
<p>Q. Are you related to her? - No, none at all.</p>
<p>Q. Are you acquainted with her? - Yes, for this four or five months.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I wish to say I was very much intoxicated with liquor.</p>
<p>- sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner at the bar exceeding well, he was at my house three or four days before this last affair happened, he went on in such manner that I could not make out what he said, I had business to do with him, I have known him for five years, this last time he came and wanted me to give him money for a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179401150102"/>draft; he comes of a very respectable family; I am sure that young Spendelow must be out of his mind or stupified; that was two or three days before he was married to this unhappy woman.</p>
<p>- sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him for some time, he was at my house and put his horse up on the Monday that he was married on the Friday morning, he has been a customer to me for some time, I am an inn-holder in the City of London, he has been brought up a farmer, he always behaved in a very decent way when he came to my house; I have supplied him with cash for notes at various times. On Thursday he pushed me very hard for fifteen pounds, I denied him because I thought there was something in him not right, at different times he would go and sit down in different parts of my room and fall a crying, and tare his hair, and then he would come to me and want money; we missed him on the Friday night, on the Saturday morning he came into my house about eight o'clock in the morning and asked me for a horse; I let him have a horse, he said, he would go down in the country and see his wife's relations; on the Saturday morning his late wife came to my house and asked for Mr. Spendelow, the reply I made was that he was gone out of town; my wife informed her that Mr. Spendelow had gone down to see his wife's relations; she asked whether he had a wife? my wife replied that he had been married for upwards of four years; she says I was married to him yesterday; I said I am very sorry for it, but I don't think he is right in his mind; says she, I thought so, for he pinched me here, and he pinched me here, I never was served so before; I asked her how long she had known him? She said since Tuesday morning.</p>
<p>- STONARD sworn.</p>
<p>I am a cornfactor. I have known his father for a great number of years, and he naturally applied to me since he came into business for himself. I have very little to say to his character; I never heard any harm of him, and I have had reason to think that he was rather deranged, that he was not always as he should be.</p>
<rs id="t17940115-39-verdict206" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17940115-39-verdict206" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 25.)</p>
<rs id="t17940115-39-punish207" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17940115-39-punish207" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-punish207" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17940115-39-defend580 t17940115-39-punish207"/> Imprisoned twelve months in Newgate </rs>, and
<rs id="t17940115-39-punish208" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17940115-39-punish208" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17940115-39-punish208" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17940115-39-defend580 t17940115-39-punish208"/> fined 1s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before the Lord CHIEF BARON.</p> </div1></div0>

View as Text