<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f17920329-1">
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290001"/>THE TRIALS AT LARGE OF THE CAPITAL and other CONVICTS, ON THE KING'S Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex, HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday, the 29th of MARCH, 1792, and the following Days;
<p>Being the FOURTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honourable
<persName id="f17920329-1-person1"> John Hopkins
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person1" type="surname" value="Hopkins"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person1" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="f17920329-1-person2"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON,</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY E. HODGSON, PROFESSOR OF SHORT-HAND; And Published by Authority.</p>
<p>NUMBER IV. PART I.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Printed for E. HODGSON (the Proprietor); And Sold by J. DALBY, No. 22, Fetter-lane, opposite Rolls-buildings; Also by J. WALMSLAY, No. 35, Chancery Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster Row.</p>
<p>MDCCXCII.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person3"> N. B.
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person3" type="surname" value="B."/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person3" type="given" value="N."/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person3" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Letters and Messages for Mr. Hodgson, left at No. 22, Fetter-Lane, will be instantly forwarded to him.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290002"/>THE TRIALS AT LARGE, OF THE CAPITAL and other CONVICTS, ON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17920329-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN HOPKINS
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person4" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person4" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , LORD MAYOR of the City of London; the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17920329-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> LLOYD Lord KENYON
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person5" type="surname" value="Lord KENYON"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person5" type="given" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Lord Chief Justice of his Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17920329-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> BEAUMONT HOTHAM
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person6" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person6" type="given" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the Barons of His Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir
<persName id="f17920329-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN WILLIAM
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person7" type="surname" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person7" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ROSE, Serjeant at Law, Recorder of the said City;
<persName id="f17920329-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN SILVESTER
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person8" type="surname" value="SILVESTER"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person8" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Common Serjeant at Law of the said City; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person9" type="jurorName"> William Taybor
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person9" type="surname" value="Taybor"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person9" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Robert Burch
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person10" type="surname" value="Burch"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person10" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person11" type="jurorName"> John Morphey
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person11" type="surname" value="Morphey"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person11" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person12" type="jurorName"> William Smart
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person12" type="surname" value="Smart"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person12" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person13" type="jurorName"> James Whitefield
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person13" type="surname" value="Whitefield"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person13" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person14" type="jurorName"> James Fisher
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person14" type="surname" value="Fisher"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person14" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Richard Jackson
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person15" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person15" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person16" type="jurorName"> George Robinson
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person16" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person16" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Samuel Hale
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person17" type="surname" value="Hale"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person17" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Hall
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person18" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person18" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person19" type="jurorName"> William Brownson
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person19" type="surname" value="Brownson"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person19" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person20" type="jurorName"> William Reeve
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person20" type="surname" value="Reeve"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person20" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Briggs
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person21" type="surname" value="Briggs"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Samuel Towseland
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person22" type="surname" value="Towseland"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person22" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Edward Westmore
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person23" type="surname" value="Westmore"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person23" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person24" type="jurorName"> John Bagshaw
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person24" type="surname" value="Bagshaw"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person24" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Stephen Briggs
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person25" type="surname" value="Briggs"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person25" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Powell
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person26" type="surname" value="Powell"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person27" type="jurorName"> William Jee
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person27" type="surname" value="Jee"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person27" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person28" type="jurorName"> William Feltwell
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person28" type="surname" value="Feltwell"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person28" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person29" type="jurorName"> William Colsher
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person29" type="surname" value="Colsher"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person29" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Thomas Collett
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person30" type="surname" value="Collett"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person30" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Thomas Church
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person31" type="surname" value="Church"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person31" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Thomas Essex
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person32" type="surname" value="Essex"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person32" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Thomas Howe
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person33" type="surname" value="Howe"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person33" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Henry Sexton
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person34" type="surname" value="Sexton"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person34" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person35" type="jurorName"> James Leader
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person35" type="surname" value="Leader"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person35" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Samuel Head
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person36" type="surname" value="Head"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person36" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Christopher Glover
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person37" type="surname" value="Glover"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person37" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person38" type="jurorName"> Stephen Collins
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person38" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person38" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Daniel Saunders
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person39" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person39" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person40" type="jurorName"> John Allen
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person40" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person40" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person41" type="jurorName"> William King
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person41" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person41" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person42" type="jurorName"> William Bayliss
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person42" type="surname" value="Bayliss"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person42" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Samuel Cock
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person43" type="surname" value="Cock"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person43" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17920329-1-person44" type="jurorName"> Charles Burgess
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person44" type="surname" value="Burgess"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person44" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17920329-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>157.
<persName id="t17920329-1-defend46" type="defendantName"> JOHN FERGUSSON
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<interp inst="t17920329-1-defend46" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-defend46" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-defend46" type="age" value="30"/> </persName> (a
<rs id="t17920329-1-deflabel1" type="occupation">Black</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-1-defend46 t17920329-1-deflabel1"/>) was indicted for that
<rs id="t17920329-1-off2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-1-off2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> he, on the
<rs id="t17920329-1-cd3" type="crimeDate">2d day of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-1-off2 t17920329-1-cd3"/>, 10 lb. of lead, of the goods and chattels of
<persName id="t17920329-1-victim48" type="victimName"> James Mitchell
<interp inst="t17920329-1-victim48" type="surname" value="Mitchell"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-victim48" type="given" value="James"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-1-off2 t17920329-1-victim48"/> </persName> , did rip and cut, with intent to steal </rs>, against the statute.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-1-person49"> JAMES MITCHELL
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person49" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person49" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>We have a rope-ground;
<persName id="t17920329-1-person50"> John Mayor
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person50" type="surname" value="Mayor"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person50" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17920329-1-person51"> William Moffat
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person51" type="surname" value="Moffat"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person51" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> are interested in the walk; it is near Limehouse-hole; it is covered with tiles; over this rope-ground there is a road runs at right angles; on the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290003"/>right-hand, as you pass the road, is a building called the rigging-house, the gable-ends are eight feet high: when I came home, the prisoner was in custody: I examined the premises on the 3d of March, and found the lead ripped from the two gutters between the rigging-house and rope-house, not taken away; it was ripped from the nailing, and left there, and two marks of a knife; the tiles were taken off, and a hole made in the roof of the buildings.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-1-person52"> GEORGE SCATES
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person52" type="surname" value="SCATES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person52" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am foreman to Messrs. Mitchell and Co.: I was going down their premises; I heard the tiles rattle; I stepped out a little, and saw the prisoner taking the tiles off; I waited some time; next morning I searched, and found the lead ripped; there were two or three feet ripped from the nails; I cannot tell the weight of the lead.</p>
<p>A WITNESS sworn.</p>
<p>I was coming from the water-side; I heard there was a thief; I was set to watch him; I saw him laying in the gutter; I watched him till he dropped through the hole; then he came towards the gate, and I took him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-1-person53"> THOMAS HEBTHORPE
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person53" type="surname" value="HEBTHORPE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person53" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Corroborated the testimony of the last witness.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-1-verdict4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 30.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-1-punish5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-1-punish5" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-1-defend46 t17920329-1-punish5"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>158.
<persName id="t17920329-2-defend55" type="defendantName"> JAMES METCALFE
<interp inst="t17920329-2-defend55" type="surname" value="METCALFE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-defend55" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-defend55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-2-off6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">24th day of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-2-off6 t17920329-2-cd7"/> last, five silver caster tops, value 5 s. five silver table-spoons, value 3 l. the goods of
<persName id="t17920329-2-victim57" type="victimName"> William Tovey
<interp inst="t17920329-2-victim57" type="surname" value="Tovey"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-victim57" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-victim57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and two silver tea-spoons, value 2 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17920329-2-victim59" type="victimName"> Ann Bolton
<interp inst="t17920329-2-victim59" type="surname" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-victim59" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-victim59" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; in the dwelling-house of the said
<persName id="t17920329-2-person60"> William Tovey
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person60" type="surname" value="Tovey"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person60" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-2-person61"> WILLIAM TOVEY
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person61" type="surname" value="TOVEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Friday, the 24th of February last, I was sitting at tea, about five o'clock, and had occasion to go into the yard; I saw the prisoner coming out of the parlour; I said, What do you do here? He said he wanted Mr. Jones, the watchmaker; I said, you are a thief, and I took him by the collar, and put him into the parlour; I searched him, and something fell from him; he knelt down and asked pardon, and said, that is all I got; I saw a silk and cotton handkerchief of my wife's.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-2-person62"> ANN BOLTON
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person62" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person62" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person62" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner coming out of the parlour; he dropped the caster tops into a basket; I saw him feeling about the pockets of his coat, and he dropped a handkerchief; I picked it up, and he dropped on his knees.</p>
<p>(Another witness corroborated this account.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-2-person63"> JOSEPH BANKS
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person63" type="surname" value="BANKS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person63" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at work at Mr. Tovey's; I was called down stairs: he was on his knees, and I fetched a constable; he said that was all he had got.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-2-person64"> JOHN GOOCH
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person64" type="surname" value="GOOCH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went into the parlour for some teaspoons just before the alarm, not five minutes before the alarm; the things were all safe.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-2-verdict8" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 5 s. only </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-2-punish9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-2-punish9" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-2-defend55 t17920329-2-punish9"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-3">
<interp inst="t17920329-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-3-off10-c60" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-3-defend66 t17920329-3-off10 t17920329-3-verdict14"/>
<p>159.
<persName id="t17920329-3-defend66" type="defendantName"> THOMAS WHITE
<interp inst="t17920329-3-defend66" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-defend66" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-defend66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-3-off10" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-3-off10" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-off10" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-3-cd11" type="crimeDate">20th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-3-off10 t17920329-3-cd11"/> last, two pieces of gold, called guineas, value 42 s. the property of
<persName id="t17920329-3-victim68" type="victimName"> John Holliday
<interp inst="t17920329-3-victim68" type="surname" value="Holliday"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-victim68" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-victim68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-3-off10 t17920329-3-victim68"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17920329-3-viclabel12" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-3-victim68 t17920329-3-viclabel12"/>; in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-3-person69"> JOHN HOLLIDAY
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person69" type="surname" value="HOLLIDAY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person69" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 13th of February, the Monday preceding the 20th, I found a deficiency in some cash: on Monday the 20th I found four guineas taken from fifteen; I suspected this poor lad, who, I am sorry to say, has
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290004"/>had bad advisers; the prisoner was a
<rs id="t17920329-3-deflabel13" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-3-defend66 t17920329-3-deflabel13"/> to my clerk, who slept at my chambers; I took down the dates of ten old guineas; one of those found on him answered the date; there were only two guineas found, which were taken on the 20th; the prisoner was full of tears, and said little to me.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-3-person70"> HENRY SILVERLOCK
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person70" type="surname" value="SILVERLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person70" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am clerk to Mr. Holliday: I called up the boy, who lived with me as a servant about two years and a half; on my taxing him with it, he pulled out a key, which opened the lock; I asked him what he had done with all the money he had taken; he said it was up stairs; I went up, and found two guineas, eight shillings, and some copper, which he confessed was part of what he took out of Mr. Holliday's desk.</p>
<p>Court. Was any thing said to him? - I said, tell the truth; the only way for you to find mercy is to tell the truth; he said he was tempted to do it.</p>
<p>Court. Then we must not hear what he said after that.</p>
<p>Silverlock. I do not know the guineas.</p>
<p>Deposed to by Mr. Holliday. I did not make any marks on the gold any further than taking down the dates.</p>
<p>Court. That is rather vague.</p>
<p>Mr. Holliday. It is rather vague; I do not wish to press it: one of those guineas corresponded with the date I took down.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have nothing to say; I was persuaded to do it by an old man; he said there was no harm in it, and I thought no harm: I have no witnesses but my master.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-3-verdict14" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-3-verdict14" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-verdict14" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> GUILTY, 39 s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-3-person71"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person71" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person71" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-3-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-3-punish15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-3-punish15" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-3-defend66 t17920329-3-punish15"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-4">
<interp inst="t17920329-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-4-off16-c65" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-4-defend73 t17920329-4-off16 t17920329-4-verdict20"/>
<p>160.
<persName id="t17920329-4-defend73" type="defendantName"> RICHARD JONES
<interp inst="t17920329-4-defend73" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-defend73" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-defend73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-4-off16" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-4-off16" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-4-cd17" type="crimeDate">12th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-4-off16 t17920329-4-cd17"/>, two pair of silk stockings, value 10 s. one pair of cotton stockings, value 2 s. one silk handkerchief, value 2 s. and two muslin cravats, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-4-victim74" type="victimName"> James Summerset
<interp inst="t17920329-4-victim74" type="surname" value="Summerset"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-victim74" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-victim74" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-4-off16 t17920329-4-victim74"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-4-person75"> JAMES SUMMERSET
<interp inst="t17920329-4-person75" type="surname" value="SUMMERSET"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-person75" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17920329-4-viclabel18" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-4-victim74 t17920329-4-viclabel18"/>; the prisoner was my
<rs id="t17920329-4-deflabel19" type="occupation">shopman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-4-defend73 t17920329-4-deflabel19"/> from the 23d of January to the 12th of March, when I lost my property: before I discharged him, I sent for an officer to search his box, and we found therein the things mentioned in the indictment; the box was in a garret in my house; the prisoner was present at the search; he made no resistance, or excuse, to my recollection; the things have my shop-mark on them; I am clear they are mine.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-4-person76"> EDWARD TREADWAY
<interp inst="t17920329-4-person76" type="surname" value="TREADWAY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-person76" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-4-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the officer; I searched his box; the key was in it; he opened it directly, and the things in the indictment were found.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have been in business for myself, in Glamorganshire, and I kept a few things by me, and these were part of them; Mr. Summerset frequently sent goods into the country, and these might have been brought there with his mark on them.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-4-verdict20" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-4-verdict20" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-4-punish21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-4-punish21" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-4-defend73 t17920329-4-punish21"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-5">
<interp inst="t17920329-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-5-off22-c69" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-defend78 t17920329-5-off22 t17920329-5-verdict27"/>
<p>161.
<persName id="t17920329-5-defend78" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH TERRY
<interp inst="t17920329-5-defend78" type="surname" value="TERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-defend78" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-defend78" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-5-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-5-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-5-cd23" type="crimeDate">7th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-off22 t17920329-5-cd23"/>, one silk gown, value 10 s. two muslin aprons, value 10 s. two pair of cotton stockings, value 6 s. one calico shawl, value 7 s. a silk bonnet, value 5 s. and a calico gown, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-5-victim80" type="victimName"> William Rounding
<interp inst="t17920329-5-victim80" type="surname" value="Rounding"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-victim80" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-victim80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-off22 t17920329-5-victim80"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-5-person81"> WILLIAM ROUNDING
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person81" type="surname" value="ROUNDING"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person81" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17920329-5-viclabel24" type="occupation">keep a public-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-victim80 t17920329-5-viclabel24"/>, the Dover-castle;
<placeName id="t17920329-5-crimeloc25">Green-stairs, Rotherhithe</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-crimeloc25" type="placeName" value="Green-stairs, Rotherhithe"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-crimeloc25" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-off22 t17920329-5-crimeloc25"/>; the prisoner was my
<rs id="t17920329-5-deflabel26" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-defend78 t17920329-5-deflabel26"/>; on the 7th of March, in the morning, about six, she was gone; I pursued her to Petty-France; she was found; I saw her in custody; and the things in the indictment, which were lost, were found upon her by
<persName id="t17920329-5-person82"> Sarah Kirkman
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person82" type="surname" value="Kirkman"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person82" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person82" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290005"/>
<persName id="t17920329-5-person83"> SARAH KIRKMAN
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person83" type="surname" value="KIRKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person83" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-5-person83" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was present at the finding the goods; I stopped them on the prisoner, and sent for a constable; she came to me on Monday morning, at half past seven, to ask for Elizabeth Mitchell; she was out of breath, a bundle in her hand, and a bonnet loose, and no hat or cloak on; she said the property was her own; I have kept it ever since.</p>
<p>(The things deposed to by the prosecutor and his wife.)</p>
<p>(The prisoner called two witnesses to her character.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-5-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-5-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-5-punish28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-5-punish28" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-5-defend78 t17920329-5-punish28"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-6">
<interp inst="t17920329-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-6-off29-c74" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-6-defend85 t17920329-6-off29 t17920329-6-verdict32"/>
<p>162.
<persName id="t17920329-6-defend85" type="defendantName"> JOHN CLACK
<interp inst="t17920329-6-defend85" type="surname" value="CLACK"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-defend85" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-defend85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-defend85" type="age" value="27"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-6-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-6-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-6-cd30" type="crimeDate">10th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-6-off29 t17920329-6-cd30"/>, 24 lb. weight of sealing-wax, value 24 s.; 150 pieces of tape, value 12 s.; 500 quills, value 12 s.; and 700 pens, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-6-victim87" type="victimName"> William Mount
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim87" type="surname" value="Mount"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim87" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-6-victim89" type="victimName"> Sarah Page
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim89" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim89" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-6-victim91" type="victimName"> Thomas Page
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim91" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim91" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920329-6-victim93" type="victimName"> James Davidson
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim93" type="surname" value="Davidson"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim93" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-victim93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>A second Count, Stating it to be the property of
<persName id="t17920329-6-person94"> William Mount
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person94" type="surname" value="Mount"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person94" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-6-person95"> Thomas Page
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person95" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person95" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920329-6-person96"> James Davidson
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person96" type="surname" value="Davidson"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person96" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>A third Count, Stating it to be the property of
<persName id="t17920329-6-person97"> William Mount
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person97" type="surname" value="Mount"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person97" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17920329-6-person98"> James Davidson
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person98" type="surname" value="Davidson"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person98" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-6-person99"> JAMES DAVIDSON
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person99" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person99" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-6-person100"> William Mount
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person100" type="surname" value="Mount"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person100" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-6-person101"> Sarah Page
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person101" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person101" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person101" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-6-person102"> Thomas Page
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person102" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person102" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and me, are partners; I live in Postern-row, Tower-hill; I lost the things in the indictment on the 10th of March; the prisoner, who is a
<rs id="t17920329-6-deflabel31" type="occupation">hair-dresser</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-6-defend85 t17920329-6-deflabel31"/>, at seven in the morning, when he had dressed my hair, being informed by our porter he had some sealing-wax, I taxed him with it; he said nothing; I took 2 lb. of wax out of his pocket; he said nothing. (Produced, and deposed to.) I saw at his house a large quantity of tape, and quills and pens, as in the indictment; they are here; I can swear to several of the articles; they are exactly the sort we use; but the wax is from our manufacturer's.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-6-person103"> THOMAS ATWELL
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person103" type="surname" value="ATWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person103" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am porter to the prosecutors: on the 10th of March, Clack came into the shop; I suspected him, and missed 2 lb. of wax, which was found in his pocket; I believe these are them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-6-person104"> JOSEPH WEST
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person104" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person104" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took the prisoner, and found this property, which the prosecutor owned.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My lawyer is not here; I have no witnesses at present; I did not know of my trial coming on till ten minutes ago.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-6-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-6-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 27.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-6-person105"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person105" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person105" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-6-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-6-punish33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-6-punish33" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-6-defend85 t17920329-6-punish33"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-7">
<interp inst="t17920329-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-7-off34-c91" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-7-defend107 t17920329-7-off34 t17920329-7-verdict36"/>
<p>163.
<persName id="t17920329-7-defend107" type="defendantName"> JAMES NOBLE
<interp inst="t17920329-7-defend107" type="surname" value="NOBLE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-defend107" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-defend107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-7-off34" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-7-off34" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-off34" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-7-cd35" type="crimeDate">16th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-7-off34 t17920329-7-cd35"/> last, one silver watch, value 25 s. a metal seal, value 6 d. two guineas and five shillings, in monies numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17920329-7-victim109" type="victimName"> John Oldfield
<interp inst="t17920329-7-victim109" type="surname" value="Oldfield"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-victim109" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-victim109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-7-off34 t17920329-7-victim109"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-7-person110"> JOHN OLDFIELD
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person110" type="surname" value="OLDFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person110" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live with the Rt. Hon. Lord Douglas: on the 15th of January last I went into the house to lunch; I came back, and missed my watch; I left it in my clothes, up stairs, in my bed-room; I could hear nothing of it; the prisoner was a helper in the stables; we could not find him; I missed my money afterwards, which was two guineas and some silver; I do not say the prisoner is guilty; I pursued him no further.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-7-person111"> JOHN WILTSHIRE
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person111" type="surname" value="WILTSHIRE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person111" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Monday morning, the 16th of January, this said man went into a publick-house, and the landlord of the house sent to me on suspicion; I searched the prisoner, and found one guinea and a half in gold, 3 s. and 5 1/4 d. and the watch; the constable took the watch.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-7-person112"> CHARLES HEATH
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person112" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person112" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was present at the search; I saw the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290006"/>watch found in the prisoner's pocket, and the money; I have it here.</p>
<p>(Deposed to.)</p>
<p>Prisoner. I beg for mercy.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-7-verdict36" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-7-verdict36" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-7-punish37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-7-punish37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-7-defend107 t17920329-7-punish37"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-7-punish38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-7-punish38" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-7-punish38" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-7-defend107 t17920329-7-punish38"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-8">
<interp inst="t17920329-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-8-off39-c96" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-defend114 t17920329-8-off39 t17920329-8-verdict43"/>
<p>164.
<persName id="t17920329-8-defend114" type="defendantName"> ROBERT BELLAMY
<interp inst="t17920329-8-defend114" type="surname" value="BELLAMY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-defend114" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-defend114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-defend114" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-8-off39" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-8-off39" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-off39" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-8-cd40" type="crimeDate">3d of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-off39 t17920329-8-cd40"/>, eleven pewter plates, value 10 s. and two pewter dishes, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-8-victim116" type="victimName"> Thomas Mitchell
<interp inst="t17920329-8-victim116" type="surname" value="Mitchell"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-victim116" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-victim116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-off39 t17920329-8-victim116"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Mrs. MITCHELL sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of Thomas Mitchell; he
<rs id="t17920329-8-viclabel41" type="occupation">keeps a publick-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-victim116 t17920329-8-viclabel41"/> on
<placeName id="t17920329-8-crimeloc42">Great Tower-hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-crimeloc42" type="placeName" value="Great Tower-hill"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-crimeloc42" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-off39 t17920329-8-crimeloc42"/>: on the 3d of March, the prisoner came into my house and went backward into the kitchen, and I lost eleven plates and two dishes; they are my husband's property; I can swear to them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-8-person117"> WILLIAM COLE
<interp inst="t17920329-8-person117" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-person117" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was servant at Mr. Mitchell's; I had been out with beer, and coming back I caught the prisoner out of the doors with only this dish in his hand; it was the 3d of March, about nine at night; he was standing against a watch-house; I passed him, and returned, and saw him peeping after me round the watch-box; I went on the side of him, and saw him with the dish in his hand; I asked him what he had; he said, nothing; he dropped the dish; I took him into the house, and there were eleven plates and two dishes missing.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I went backwards, and the dish was lying in the yard; about a fortnight afterwards, they took me up for the robbery.</p>
<p>Court. What was the reason you did not apprehend him at the time? - While I was gone for a constable, he absconded.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-8-verdict43" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-8-verdict43" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 18.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-8-punish44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-8-punish44" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-defend114 t17920329-8-punish44"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-8-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-8-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-8-punish45" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-8-defend114 t17920329-8-punish45"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-9">
<interp inst="t17920329-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-9-off46-c99" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-9-defend119 t17920329-9-off46 t17920329-9-verdict50"/>
<p>165.
<persName id="t17920329-9-defend119" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM ASKEW
<interp inst="t17920329-9-defend119" type="surname" value="ASKEW"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-defend119" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-defend119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-9-off46" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-9-off46" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-off46" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-9-cd47" type="crimeDate">10th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-9-off46 t17920329-9-cd47"/>, two silver butter-ladles, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-9-victim121" type="victimName"> Robert Metham
<interp inst="t17920329-9-victim121" type="surname" value="Metham"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-victim121" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-victim121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-9-off46 t17920329-9-victim121"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-9-person122"> ROBERT METHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-9-person122" type="surname" value="METHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-person122" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17920329-9-viclabel48" type="occupation">keep a goldsmith's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-9-victim121 t17920329-9-viclabel48"/>, in
<placeName id="t17920329-9-crimeloc49">Cheapside</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-crimeloc49" type="placeName" value="Cheapside"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-crimeloc49" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-9-off46 t17920329-9-crimeloc49"/>; my shop has two counters; on the 10th of March the prisoner came into the shop, between twelve and one, dressed in other clothes, pretty decent; I had a quantity of plate on my right-hand counter, and had just cleaned a pair of butter-boats, and put them on the left-hand counter; he asked for a pair of silver knee buckles; I saw, by his appearance, that he was a little pickpocket; I told him to get out, that I had none for him; the ladles lay on a piece of leather that I had cleaned them with, and he hustled out the ladles and leather, and I walked after him; he dropped the leather at the door, and in his bosom was the pair of ladles; I brought him back again; as he came in at the door, he put them down on the counter; says he, I have not got them, I did not take them.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-9-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-9-verdict50" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>Court to Prisoner. This is a very early period of life for you to come to this situation; it is not from any merit in you, but in compassion to your tender years, and in hopes that your morals may be corrected, that the judgement of the Court is, that you be
<rs id="t17920329-9-punish51" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-9-punish51" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-9-punish51" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="privateWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-9-defend119 t17920329-9-punish51"/> privately whipped </rs>, and delivered: Remember now, with gratitude and feeling, the mercy that is shewn you, and do that which can only be of use to you, in future behave with honesty.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-10">
<interp inst="t17920329-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-10-off52-c102" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-10-defend124 t17920329-10-off52 t17920329-10-verdict54"/>
<p>166.
<persName id="t17920329-10-defend124" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HOLMES
<interp inst="t17920329-10-defend124" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-defend124" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-defend124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-10-off52" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-10-off52" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-off52" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-10-cd53" type="crimeDate">24th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-10-off52 t17920329-10-cd53"/>, three brass candlesticks, value 7 s. and one copper coffee-pot, value 8 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-10-victim126" type="victimName"> Richard Duffield
<interp inst="t17920329-10-victim126" type="surname" value="Duffield"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-victim126" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-victim126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-10-off52 t17920329-10-victim126"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290007"/>
<persName id="t17920329-10-person127"> RICHARD DUFFIELD
<interp inst="t17920329-10-person127" type="surname" value="DUFFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-person127" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at the corner of Darkhouse-lane; I lost the things in the indictment on the 24th of March, from out of the kitchen; ours is a publick-house; I took the prisoner with them, coming down stairs, with the coffee-pot in his breeches (the kitchen was up stairs), and the candlesticks in his pockets. (Deposed to.)</p>
<p>- WHEELER sworn.</p>
<p>I am the constable; I have had these things ever since.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-10-verdict54" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-10-verdict54" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-10-person128"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-10-person128" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-person128" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-10-punish55" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-10-punish55" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-10-defend124 t17920329-10-punish55"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-10-punish56" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-10-punish56" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-10-punish56" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-10-defend124 t17920329-10-punish56"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-11">
<interp inst="t17920329-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-11-off57-c106" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-11-defend130 t17920329-11-off57 t17920329-11-verdict60"/>
<p>167.
<persName id="t17920329-11-defend130" type="defendantName"> JOHN COLE
<interp inst="t17920329-11-defend130" type="surname" value="COLE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-defend130" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-defend130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-11-off57" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-11-off57" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-off57" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-11-cd58" type="crimeDate">16th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-11-off57 t17920329-11-cd58"/>, one leather pocket-book, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-11-victim132" type="victimName"> John Long
<interp inst="t17920329-11-victim132" type="surname" value="Long"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-victim132" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-victim132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-11-off57 t17920329-11-victim132"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-11-person133"> JOHN LONG
<interp inst="t17920329-11-person133" type="surname" value="LONG"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-person133" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner gave me a jostle, and took my pocket-book out of my fob, about ten paces from the end of
<placeName id="t17920329-11-crimeloc59">Bread-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-crimeloc59" type="placeName" value="Bread-street"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-crimeloc59" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-11-off57 t17920329-11-crimeloc59"/>, on Friday, the 16th of March, about a quarter before one at noon; I passed him; then he passed me; I discovered it in the moment, both felt and saw him; after pursuing him a few paces, I was rudely knocked down; notwithstanding which, I kept sight of the object, and he was taken; he was not searched; I apprehended he handed the book to some other person.</p>
<p>Mrs. Knowlys, Prisoner's Counsel. Nobody was with this young lad at all? - I saw him and another man walking.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-11-person134"> JOHN SAVAGE
<interp inst="t17920329-11-person134" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-person134" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner came into our warehouse about one, on the day Mr. Long mentions; I asked him his pleasure; he said, Mr. Tomkyns; Mr. Long came in, with his face all over blood; he said he was recommended to Mr. Tomkyns, but did not know by whom, nor for what.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called one witness, who gave him a very good character, and said he would take him again.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-11-verdict60" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-11-verdict60" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>To be
<rs id="t17920329-11-punish61" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-11-punish61" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-11-punish61" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="privateWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-11-defend130 t17920329-11-punish61"/> privately whipped </rs>, and delivered to his master.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Lord KENYON.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-12">
<interp inst="t17920329-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-12-off62-c110" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-12-defend136 t17920329-12-off62 t17920329-12-verdict65"/>
<p>168.
<persName id="t17920329-12-defend136" type="defendantName"> JOHN DUFORT
<interp inst="t17920329-12-defend136" type="surname" value="DUFORT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-defend136" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-defend136" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-defend136" type="age" value="26"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-12-off62" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-12-off62" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-off62" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-12-cd63" type="crimeDate">13th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-12-off62 t17920329-12-cd63"/>, one pair of men's leather boots, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-12-victim138" type="victimName"> Mary Field
<interp inst="t17920329-12-victim138" type="surname" value="Field"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-victim138" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-victim138" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-12-off62 t17920329-12-victim138"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17920329-12-viclabel64" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-12-victim138 t17920329-12-viclabel64"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-12-person139"> MARY FIELD
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person139" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person139" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person139" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a widow; I lost a pair of boots last Wednesday was a fortnight; I had them to clean from a gentleman in Russel-court; I do not know who took them; the prisoner was standing just by Catherine-court, where I sit; I never found them; I believe it was about four, I cannot rightly say; he staid there while I cleaned the pair of boots, and while I cleaned a pair of shoes and buckles; he asked me what it was; I said, a penny; I hung up the boots; I began to clean the buckles, and the boots were gone; the prisoner ran up Bridges-street; a gentleman pursued him, and caught him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-12-person140"> DUNCAN CAMPBELL
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person140" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person140" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>About three, on the 13th instant, I was going through Vinegar-yard; there was a call of stop thief! the prisoner also called stop thief! I saw a little parcel drop, which could not be the boots; it was picked up by a person whom I supposed to be a Jew; I stopped the prisoner; I found nothing upon him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-12-person141"> WILLIAM SPARKES
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person141" type="surname" value="SPARKES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person141" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (a little Boy) set to the Bar.</p>
<p>Court. Do you know the nature of an oath? - Yes.</p>
<p>What is it? - It is taking the book in my hand, and kissing it.</p>
<p>Well, and then, after you have taken the book, and kissed it, if you do not speak the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290008"/>truth, what is the consequence? - I shall go to hell, Sir.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-12-person142"> BENJAMIN SPARKES
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person142" type="surname" value="SPARKES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person142" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner and another man together, and I saw the prisoner take the boots and give them to the other man, and the other man ran away, and the prisoner ran up Vinegar-yard, and there were some people standing, and he said, clear the road! clear the road! I am sure the prisoner is the man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-12-person143"> WILLIAM COOK
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person143" type="surname" value="COOK"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person143" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I apprehended the prisoner; I found nothing on him.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I never touched the boots; I am a gardener; the boy said then he did not know who took them; the constable knows that.</p>
<p>Court to Cook. Did you hear the boy say so, or the woman? - No, I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I never thieved a shilling in my life, nor had a pennyworth laid to my charge before.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-12-verdict65" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-12-verdict65" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 26.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-12-person144"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person144" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person144" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-12-punish66" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-12-punish66" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-12-defend136 t17920329-12-punish66"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-12-punish67" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-12-punish67" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-12-punish67" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-12-defend136 t17920329-12-punish67"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-13">
<interp inst="t17920329-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-13-off68-c118" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-13-defend146 t17920329-13-off68 t17920329-13-verdict71"/>
<p>169.
<persName id="t17920329-13-defend146" type="defendantName"> THOMAS THORNTON
<interp inst="t17920329-13-defend146" type="surname" value="THORNTON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-defend146" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-defend146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-13-off68" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-13-off68" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-off68" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-13-cd69" type="crimeDate">22d day of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-13-off68 t17920329-13-cd69"/>, two linen shirts, value 4 s. and one linen handkerchief, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-13-victim148" type="victimName"> Robert Rayner
<interp inst="t17920329-13-victim148" type="surname" value="Rayner"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-victim148" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-victim148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-13-off68 t17920329-13-victim148"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-13-person149"> RACHAEL RAYNER
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person149" type="surname" value="RAYNER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person149" type="given" value="RACHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person149" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of
<persName id="t17920329-13-person150"> Robert Rayner
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person150" type="surname" value="Rayner"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person150" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he is a
<rs id="t17920329-13-viclabel70" type="occupation">gentleman's servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-13-victim148 t17920329-13-viclabel70"/>; I take in washing; I lost two shirts, and one handkerchief, the 22d of March, off the rails in the garden; I saw them about ten minutes before, or hardly so much; the prisoner was taken; I never saw him on the premises; the things are mine; they belong to Mr. Wigley, in Portland-street; I had them to wash.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-13-person151"> WILLIAM BARRINGER
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person151" type="surname" value="BARRINGER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was out gathering some pots; I saw the man run through a hedge from Mrs. Rayner's, and across a field; I asked him what business he had in the fields scaling the hedges down; he said, there was no road; then some more people were after him; I ran and jumped over a river, and he ran back, and he was taken; I was a hundred yards behind; nothing was found on him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-13-person152"> JOHN RUDD
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person152" type="surname" value="RUDD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person152" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took the prisoner; I was walking in the fields, and was informed what he had done; before I took him I saw him throw the two shirts and handkerchief out of his pocket; the man that picked them up is not here; he was taken in about half an hour, about a mile off; he did not go half a dozen yards after he threw the things away; I can say they are the same things he dropt; I saw them taken up directly (these are the same); I marked them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-13-person153"> MARY DARK
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person153" type="surname" value="DARK"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person153" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person153" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner take a shirt off the pales; I gave the alarm.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I came out of the country for work, and going through this little village (Bayswater) I saw some people running after somebody, and I stopped, and they ran up to me and took me, and chastised me with it; I have no witnesses.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-13-verdict71" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-13-verdict71" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-13-person154"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person154" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person154" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Court. Where do you come from? - Droitwich, in Worcestershire.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-13-punish72" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-13-punish72" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-13-defend146 t17920329-13-punish72"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-13-punish73" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-13-punish73" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-13-punish73" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-13-defend146 t17920329-13-punish73"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-14">
<interp inst="t17920329-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-14-off74-c126" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-14-defend156 t17920329-14-off74 t17920329-14-verdict76"/>
<p>170.
<persName id="t17920329-14-defend156" type="defendantName"> JANE VINCENT
<interp inst="t17920329-14-defend156" type="surname" value="VINCENT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-defend156" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-defend156" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-14-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-14-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the 8th of March, one linen sheet, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-14-victim158" type="victimName"> William James
<interp inst="t17920329-14-victim158" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-victim158" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-victim158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-14-off74 t17920329-14-victim158"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-14-person159"> ELIZABETH JAMES
<interp inst="t17920329-14-person159" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-person159" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of the prosecutor; he lives in
<placeName id="t17920329-14-crimeloc75">Church-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-crimeloc75" type="placeName" value="Church-street"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-crimeloc75" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-14-off74 t17920329-14-crimeloc75"/>; he lost a sheet, the 8th of March, from off a bed in our house; there was nobody up stairs but the prisoner, who
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290009"/>came to lodge that night; we took in lodgers; I had other lodgers; some time after, the duplicate of this sheet was found on the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-14-person160"> HENRY LLOYD
<interp inst="t17920329-14-person160" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-person160" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Produces the sheet, received of the prisoner, on the 8th of March, for 3 s. 6 d. it was the first time I ever saw her; I believe her to be rather an unfortunate woman. (Deposed to.) The constable found the duplicate in her pocket.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The sheet belonged to myself; there is no mark upon it.</p>
<p>Mrs. James. I have no mark, but I know it by my making.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-14-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-14-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-14-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-14-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-14-defend156 t17920329-14-punish77"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-14-punish78" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-14-punish78" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-14-punish78" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-14-defend156 t17920329-14-punish78"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-15">
<interp inst="t17920329-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-15-off79-c130" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-defend162 t17920329-15-off79 t17920329-15-verdict83"/>
<p>171.
<persName id="t17920329-15-defend162" type="defendantName"> JOHN ROWE
<interp inst="t17920329-15-defend162" type="surname" value="ROWE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-defend162" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-defend162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-15-off79" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-15-off79" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-off79" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-15-cd80" type="crimeDate">20th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-off79 t17920329-15-cd80"/> last, one linen shirt, value 5 s. one muslin cap, value 12 d. and one linen handkerchief, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-15-victim164" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Roberts
<interp inst="t17920329-15-victim164" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-victim164" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-victim164" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-off79 t17920329-15-victim164"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17920329-15-viclabel81" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-victim164 t17920329-15-viclabel81"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-15-person165"> ELIZABETH ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17920329-15-person165" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-person165" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-person165" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Clerkenwell workhouse: on the 20th of February I lost the things mentioned in the indictment; I was going up
<placeName id="t17920329-15-crimeloc82">Baldwin's-gardens</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-crimeloc82" type="placeName" value="Baldwin's-gardens"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-crimeloc82" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-off79 t17920329-15-crimeloc82"/> with my property, and the prisoner attacked me; he snatched the bundle from under my arm, and ran away.</p>
<p>LAZARUS LAZARUS sworn.</p>
<p>I heard somebody cry, stop that boy; I stopped him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I heard the cry of stop thief! and I ran, and they took me.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called two witnesses to his character.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-15-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-15-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-15-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-15-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-defend162 t17920329-15-punish84"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-15-punish85" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-15-punish85" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-15-punish85" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-15-defend162 t17920329-15-punish85"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-16">
<interp inst="t17920329-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-16-off86-c133" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-16-defend167 t17920329-16-off86 t17920329-16-verdict90"/>
<p>172.
<persName id="t17920329-16-defend167" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL STEVENS
<interp inst="t17920329-16-defend167" type="surname" value="STEVENS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-defend167" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-defend167" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-defend167" type="age" value="25"/> </persName> was indicted for that
<rs id="t17920329-16-off86" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-16-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> he, on the
<rs id="t17920329-16-cd87" type="crimeDate">23d day of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-16-off86 t17920329-16-cd87"/>, with a certain offensive weapon and instrument, called a clasp knife, which he in his right-hand then and there had and held, on
<persName id="t17920329-16-victim169" type="victimName"> John Petrie
<interp inst="t17920329-16-victim169" type="surname" value="Petrie"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-victim169" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-victim169" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-16-off86 t17920329-16-victim169"/> </persName> unlawfully, maliciously, and feloniously, did make an assault, with intent to rob him </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-16-person170"> JOHN PETRIE
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person170" type="surname" value="PETRIE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person170" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17920329-16-viclabel88" type="occupation">labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-16-victim169 t17920329-16-viclabel88"/>; I
<rs id="t17920329-16-viclabel89" type="occupation">work for a corn-dealer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-16-victim169 t17920329-16-viclabel89"/>: last Friday, the 23d of March, between eight and nine at night, I was going home to my lodging in Cheney's-mews; the prisoner stopped me in the road leading from the Duke of Bolton's to Gower-street; he came up to me with a great clasped knife, and said he would have my life or my money; I first passed him, and he returned and laid hold of me; a scuffle ensued, and I tried to beat the knife out of his hand; he tried to cut my throat; when he first came up, I told him he should not have my money; he laid hold of both my arms; I never lost fight of him till he was taken; there were no lamps at the place; the knife was in his hand when he was taken; I am sure I never lost sight of him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-16-person171"> JOHN HUNTLEY
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person171" type="surname" value="HUNTLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person171" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an officer in the customs: last Friday I was returning from Somers'-town; we heard the cry of stop thief! we were alarmed; I met the prosecutor, and he said, for God's sake, help me; here is a man wants to murder me; the prisoner was so near, he must have heard him; the prisoner was stooping very low, or lying down; I jumped over the rail, and pursued him; he had a knife in his hand; I drove him till I came to the Duke of Bolton's rails; then I caught him by the collar; then he said, d - n your e - s, you b - r, I have no money, what do you want of me? those were the words he repeated;
<persName id="t17920329-16-person172"> Brown
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person172" type="given" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-16-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the patrol then came up and helped me.</p>
<p>JOHN BROWN sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner at the Duke of Bolton's rails; one of the Duke's chairmen took this knife (produces a clasp knife) from him; I am sure it is the same knife that was taken from the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290010"/>HUGH O'DONNELL sworn.</p>
<p>Corroborated the testimony of the last witness.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I never was in the fields that night, or did I ever see that knife before tonight.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-16-verdict90" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-16-verdict90" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 25.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-16-punish91" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-16-punish91" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-16-defend167 t17920329-16-punish91"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-17">
<interp inst="t17920329-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-17-off92-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-17-defend174 t17920329-17-off92 t17920329-17-verdict94"/>
<p>173.
<persName id="t17920329-17-defend174" type="defendantName"> CECILIA WATERS
<interp inst="t17920329-17-defend174" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-defend174" type="given" value="CECILIA"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-defend174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-defend174" type="age" value="31"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-17-off92" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-17-off92" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-off92" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-17-cd93" type="crimeDate">4th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-17-off92 t17920329-17-cd93"/> last, two linen shifts, value 2 s. a linen shirt, value 12 d. and a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-17-victim176" type="victimName"> James Barker
<interp inst="t17920329-17-victim176" type="surname" value="Barker"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-victim176" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-victim176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-17-off92 t17920329-17-victim176"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-17-person177"> ANN BARKER
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person177" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person177" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person177" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife to the prosecutor; I am a laundress, and employed the prisoner to work for me; we live at No. 5, in the New-road.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-17-person178"> MARY FROGLEY
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person178" type="surname" value="FROGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person178" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person178" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I work for the laundresses: the prisoner gave me two tickets; I had heard that Mrs. Barker had lost two shifts, and I carried the tickets to Mrs. Barker directly; the prisoner was once a laundress herself; I have worked for her.</p>
<p>- WARD sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker; I produce two shifts; I received them from the prisoner. (Produces the shifts.)</p>
<p>Mrs. Barker. I received two tickets from
<persName id="t17920329-17-person179"> Mary Frogley
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person179" type="surname" value="Frogley"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person179" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-person179" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; one of these shifts is mine; another belongs to a lady; the mark is nearly out.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have nothing at all to say.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-17-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-17-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 31.)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-17-punish95" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-17-punish95" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-17-defend174 t17920329-17-punish95"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17920329-17-punish96" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-17-punish96" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-17-punish96" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-17-defend174 t17920329-17-punish96"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-18">
<interp inst="t17920329-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-18-off97-c143" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-18-defend181 t17920329-18-off97 t17920329-18-verdict101"/>
<p>174.
<persName id="t17920329-18-defend181" type="defendantName"> HARRIET WRAY
<interp inst="t17920329-18-defend181" type="surname" value="WRAY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-defend181" type="given" value="HARRIET"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-defend181" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-18-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-18-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t17920329-18-victim183" type="victimName"> Lawrence Goodwin
<interp inst="t17920329-18-victim183" type="surname" value="Goodwin"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-victim183" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-victim183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-18-off97 t17920329-18-victim183"/> </persName> , on the king's highway, on the
<rs id="t17920329-18-cd98" type="crimeDate">13th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-18-off97 t17920329-18-cd98"/>, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person and against his will, one silver watch, value 50 s. one brass watch key, value 1 d. one man's hat, value 1 s. a muslin neck-cloth, value 2 s. a pocket handkerchief, value 6 d. a pair of gloves, value 2 d. a penknife, value 6 d. one guinea and two shillings, in monies, numbered </rs>, his property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-18-person184"> LAWRENCE GOODWIN
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person184" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person184" type="given" value="LAWRENCE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17920329-18-viclabel99" type="occupation">taylor</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-18-victim183 t17920329-18-viclabel99"/>. On the 11th of March, Sunday, I went to dinner at an acquaintance's in Stanhope-street: we drank rather freely: coming home through
<placeName id="t17920329-18-crimeloc100">Great Russel-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-crimeloc100" type="placeName" value="Great Russel-street"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-crimeloc100" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-18-off97 t17920329-18-crimeloc100"/> I met the prisoner: it was about eight in the evening: there were two others with her; they pulled me about, and took my watch: the prisoner was one who laid hold of me; she was the first; one of the others took my hat off; and I laid hold of the prisoner; then one of them came and stuck her nails into my hand. I saw the things mentioned in the indictment when I left the Crown: I could not swear who took my hat, but I know the prisoner took my watch; she had fast hold of me by the breast: they threw me down off the pavement, and ran off: I have seen the prisoner several times in Russel-street, but never spoke to her before: the prisoner might ask me for something to drink, but I cannot say whether she did or not: I am positive she is the person: I am not mistaken. On the Monday following I went to Mr. Gastrell, and informed him: we went, and he found her in a cellar in King's-head-court, Gray's-inn-lane.</p>
<p>Court. Did not Gastrell tell you there was a reward? - No.</p>
<p>Don't you know there is a reward? - No.</p>
<p>Have you ever found your watch? - The pawnbroker has got it: I know my watch; 225 is the number, and the maker's name is
<persName id="t17920329-18-person185"> Benjamin Ronmall
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person185" type="surname" value="Ronmall"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person185" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-18-person186"> ROGER GASTRELL
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person186" type="surname" value="GASTRELL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person186" type="given" value="ROGER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prosecutor called upon me and gave me an information of the robbery; I went
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290011"/>after the girl, and found her in a deplorable state; she said, you are come about the watch; I told her she had better tell the truth: she said the watch was pawned in Wild-street, at Collins's: I went to the pawnbroker's, and found the watch, and made him bring the watch to Bow-street: this duplicate (produces a duplicate) I found in Cockpit-alley.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-18-person187"> ANN SMITH
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person187" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person187" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person187" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner came to my house and asked for a lodging. I keep a lodging-house, No. 7, Cockpit-alley, Drury-lane. I told her I could not trust her; she said she would pawn something on Monday morning; I let her stay; and accordingly on Monday she produced a watch, and said she had two children by a young man, and had got his watch to pawn, and desired me to get it pawned for a guinea, which I did, at Collins's: the girl came to my house on Sunday last was fortnight: I delivered the duplicate to Gastrell on Monday: she came back on the Thursday before, and said she had not broke her fast for two days, and I rather took pity over her, and lent her two shillings, and let her go to bed, and she let me have the duplicate of the watch.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-18-person188"> RICHARD ROZELL
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person188" type="surname" value="ROZELL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person188" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I produce a silver watch; it was pawned by
<persName id="t17920329-18-person189"> Ann Smith
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person189" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person189" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-person189" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I have kept it ever since. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>Please you, my lord. This gentleman asked me to take him home; I did; and when he got there he said he did not like to go up stairs, because he was a married man, and was known in the neighbourhood; he was very much in liquor; and he gave me three shillings and sixpence, to have connections with me in the passage; when I went to go out I kicked something; I stooped to pick it up, and what should it be but a watch; that is all that I know about it.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. There is not a word of truth in her defence.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-18-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-18-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-18-verdict101" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing, but not violently from the person </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-18-punish102" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-18-punish102" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-18-defend181 t17920329-18-punish102"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-19">
<interp inst="t17920329-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-19-off103-c151" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-19-defend191 t17920329-19-off103 t17920329-19-verdict107"/>
<p>175.
<persName id="t17920329-19-defend191" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BELLAMY
<interp inst="t17920329-19-defend191" type="surname" value="BELLAMY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-defend191" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-defend191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-defend191" type="age" value="20"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-19-off103" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-19-off103" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-off103" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-19-cd104" type="crimeDate">26th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-19-off103 t17920329-19-cd104"/>, one silver salt, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-19-victim192" type="victimName"> Denham Baron
<interp inst="t17920329-19-victim192" type="surname" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-victim192" type="given" value="Denham"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-victim192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-19-off103 t17920329-19-victim192"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>DENHAM BARON sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17920329-19-viclabel105" type="occupation">belong to the Victualling-office</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-19-victim192 t17920329-19-viclabel105"/>. I live in
<placeName id="t17920329-19-crimeloc106">Thomhaugh street, Bedford-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-crimeloc106" type="placeName" value="Thomhaugh street, Bedford-square"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-crimeloc106" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-19-off103 t17920329-19-crimeloc106"/>. I missed a silver salt cellar about nine on Sunday morning.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-19-person193"> ELIZABETH YEATES
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person193" type="surname" value="YEATES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person193" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person193" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am nurse to Mr. Baron's child. My master lost a silver salt about nine o'clock on Sunday morning; it was on the sideboard that morning, in the front parlour. The prisoner came from Mr. Burgess, No. 3, Upper Brook-street, Grosvenor-square, with his compliments to my master, and desired to meet him before twelve o'clock that morning: this was about nine o'clock: my master was in bed: I left the prisoner in the passage; and when I went up stairs the parlour door was not shut; when I came down the prisoner was still in the passage; there were dirt marks of feet in the passage, and between the oil-cloth and the carpet in the parlour; I asked him what business he had there: I had just before cleaned the passage and parlour: I complained of his dirting the passage, and he said it was the dog's marks; I said those marks were very different from dogs mark's; I then let him out of the door, and on returning into the parlour I missed the salt; I pursued him into Chenie's-mews: he was taken there: he was walking: on searching him the salt was found upon him;
<persName id="t17920329-19-person194"> William Wheeler
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person194" type="surname" value="Wheeler"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person194" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who took him, has the salt; I should know it again.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290012"/>
<persName id="t17920329-19-person195"> WILLIAM WHEELER
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person195" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person195" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am coachman to Mr. Aikin. I was in Chenie's-mews, and saw the prisoner turn into the yard; he was walking: the last witness pursued him, and cried stop thief! he did not run at first, but afterwards he did; I took him: and he said I will give you the salt, let me go, let me run. (Produces the salt.)</p>
<p>(
<persName id="t17920329-19-person196"> Elizabeth Yeates
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person196" type="surname" value="Yeates"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person196" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-19-person196" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> deposes to the salt.)</p>
<p>Mr. Baron. This is my salt.</p>
<p>Court. Do you know Mr. Burgess? - No, Sir; I know no such person.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>Please you, my lord. I was coming up Store-street, and I saw a man running; and he threw the salt away from him; I picked it up; and on the cry of stop thief! this man laid hold of me, and I put the salt into my hand; then he took me to a poulterer's door, and told me I must stay till the gentleman came; I said I would stop; they took me to the watch-house, and I was bailed till Monday, then they brought me here.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-19-verdict107" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-19-verdict107" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (Aged 20.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-19-punish108" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-19-punish108" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-19-defend191 t17920329-19-punish108"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-20">
<interp inst="t17920329-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-20-off109-c157" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-20-defend198 t17920329-20-off109 t17920329-20-verdict112"/>
<p>178.
<persName id="t17920329-20-defend198" type="defendantName"> JOHN HUGGINS
<interp inst="t17920329-20-defend198" type="surname" value="HUGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-defend198" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-defend198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-20-off109" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-20-off109" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-off109" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-20-cd110" type="crimeDate">17th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-20-off109 t17920329-20-cd110"/>, one brass cock, value 6 d. and two dozen of brass curtain rings, value 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17920329-20-victim200" type="victimName"> Robert Clowes
<interp inst="t17920329-20-victim200" type="surname" value="Clowes"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-victim200" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-victim200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-20-off109 t17920329-20-victim200"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-20-person201"> ROBERT CLOWES
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person201" type="surname" value="CLOWES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person201" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17920329-20-viclabel111" type="occupation">smith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-20-victim200 t17920329-20-viclabel111"/>. I only prove the property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-20-person202"> ESTHER CLOWES
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person202" type="surname" value="CLOWES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person202" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person202" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 17th of March, in the evening, a little after eight o'clock, I missed the things mentioned in the indictment, and several others; I insisted on searching the prisoner; and on searching him I found these things; he told me he picked them up.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-20-person203"> ROBERT WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person203" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person203" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I work for Clowes. On the 17th Mrs. Clowes said, Mr. Williams I should be glad to search you; I did not refuse; nothing was found on me but my own property: then she said, Mr. Huggins, I wish to search you; upon that he put his hand in his pocket and pulled out the things, and said, I had like to have forgot, I have picked these things up, and forgot to give them to you.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-20-person204"> LEWIS TUCKER
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person204" type="surname" value="TUCKER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person204" type="given" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-20-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>There is a possibility of the rings having fallen into the cellar through a trap door.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I picked up the things, and went out to do a job; I really forgot to give them to my mistress.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-20-verdict112" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-20-verdict112" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-21">
<interp inst="t17920329-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-21-off113-c163" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-defend206 t17920329-21-off113 t17920329-21-verdict117"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-21-off113-c164" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-defend208 t17920329-21-off113 t17920329-21-verdict117"/>
<p>179.
<persName id="t17920329-21-defend206" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM ETHERTON
<interp inst="t17920329-21-defend206" type="surname" value="ETHERTON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-defend206" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-defend206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17920329-21-defend208" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HENBY
<interp inst="t17920329-21-defend208" type="surname" value="HENBY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-defend208" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-defend208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-21-off113" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-21-off113" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-off113" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-21-cd114" type="crimeDate">5th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-off113 t17920329-21-cd114"/>, one pair of leather boots, value 2 s. 6 d. </rs> and other things, the property of
<persName id="t17920329-21-victim210" type="victimName"> John Grinley
<interp inst="t17920329-21-victim210" type="surname" value="Grinley"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-victim210" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-victim210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-off113 t17920329-21-victim210"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-21-person211"> JOHN GRINLEY
<interp inst="t17920329-21-person211" type="surname" value="GRINLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-person211" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17920329-21-crimeloc115">Tottenham-court-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-crimeloc115" type="placeName" value="Tottenham-court-road"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-crimeloc115" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-off113 t17920329-21-crimeloc115"/>. I am a
<rs id="t17920329-21-viclabel116" type="occupation">baker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-victim210 t17920329-21-viclabel116"/>. On the 5th of March, at twelve o'clock at night, I saw my boots and shoes, and other things mentioned in the indictment; I missed them on the 6th in the morning; I called my wife; she missed a saucepan and other things; I advertized them, and they were stopped; I went to Litchfield-street-office on Saturday; the boots were then produced, and the ham.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-21-person212"> DANIEL HOGAN
<interp inst="t17920329-21-person212" type="surname" value="HOGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-person212" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-21-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman. I stopped these two men after two o'clock, in Dyot-street, St. Giles's; one of them made his escape; I took him again in the afternoon; I am sure
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290013"/>the man I took in the afternoon is the same man whom I stopped in the morning.</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17920329-21-verdict117" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-21-verdict117" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-21-punish118" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-21-punish118" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-defend206 t17920329-21-punish118"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-21-defend208 t17920329-21-punish118"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-22">
<interp inst="t17920329-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-22-off119-c168" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-22-defend214 t17920329-22-off119 t17920329-22-verdict123"/>
<p>180.
<persName id="t17920329-22-defend214" type="defendantName"> EDWARD GARDINER
<interp inst="t17920329-22-defend214" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-defend214" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-defend214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-defend214" type="age" value="20"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-22-off119" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-22-off119" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-off119" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17920329-22-victim216" type="victimName"> Joseph Simpson
<interp inst="t17920329-22-victim216" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-victim216" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-victim216" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-22-off119 t17920329-22-victim216"/> </persName> , about the hour of ten in the night of the
<rs id="t17920329-22-cd120" type="crimeDate">23d of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-22-off119 t17920329-22-cd120"/>, and burglariously stealing therein three pewter dishes, value 5 s. two brass candlesticks, value 2 d. </rs> his property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-22-person217"> JOSEPH SIMPSON
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person217" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person217" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17920329-22-viclabel121" type="occupation">keep the King's Arms</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-22-victim216 t17920329-22-viclabel121"/>,
<placeName id="t17920329-22-crimeloc122">Newtoner's-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-crimeloc122" type="placeName" value="Newtoner's-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-crimeloc122" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-22-off119 t17920329-22-crimeloc122"/>. Last Friday evening my house was broke open; I was not gone to bed; the prisoner and three more came in and called for a pot of beer, and brought some sausages; I dressed them; they went for some more, staid an hour and a half, paid their reckoning, and went away about ten; in about ten minutes I heard a noise in the kitchen; the kitchen is divided from the tap-room about breast high, and a curtain over it; I undrew the curtain, and saw the prisoner taking the candlesticks off the shelf; the three pewter dishes were gone; here is the candlesticks; he was alone in the place; another got over the wall; he was discharged; the door was locked; there was a window in the kitchen, which was shut down, but not fastened; I had not put it down to my knowledge; I do not know I had been in the kitchen that evening; I never saw the dishes since; they were all I had; I saw them that evening: I called to the prisoner as he was taking the candlestick, but he would take them, and did, and jumped out of the window; I seized him in the yard; these are the candlesticks.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-22-person218"> WILLIAM STIRRUP
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person218" type="surname" value="STIRRUP"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person218" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I picked up one of the candlesticks, and the other I took from under the prisoner's jacket: I was in the house at the time drinking a pint of beer.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was in the publick-house most of the evening, and tossing up for liquor: I went to the necessary, and heard somebody, and Mr. Simpson stopped me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-22-verdict123" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-22-verdict123" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-verdict123" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing, but not of the burglary </rs>. (Aged 20.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-22-person219"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person219" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person219" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-22-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-22-punish124" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-22-punish124" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-22-defend214 t17920329-22-punish124"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-23">
<interp inst="t17920329-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-23-off125-c173" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-23-defend221 t17920329-23-off125 t17920329-23-verdict128"/>
<p>181.
<persName id="t17920329-23-defend221" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM DEAN
<interp inst="t17920329-23-defend221" type="surname" value="DEAN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-defend221" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-defend221" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-defend221" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-23-off125" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-23-off125" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-off125" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing on the
<rs id="t17920329-23-cd126" type="crimeDate">20th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-23-off125 t17920329-23-cd126"/> last, a black silk cloak, value 21 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-23-victim223" type="victimName"> John Chiffley
<interp inst="t17920329-23-victim223" type="surname" value="Chiffley"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-victim223" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-victim223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-23-off125 t17920329-23-victim223"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-23-person224"> MARY CHIFFLEY
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person224" type="surname" value="CHIFFLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person224" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person224" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of
<persName id="t17920329-23-person225"> John Chiffley
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person225" type="surname" value="Chiffley"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person225" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I lost a black mode silk cloak at the end of
<placeName id="t17920329-23-crimeloc127">Greek-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-crimeloc127" type="placeName" value="Greek-street"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-crimeloc127" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-23-off125 t17920329-23-crimeloc127"/>, coming from work, at half past seven; the prisoner came from behind me, and he came before me and stopped me, and pulled the string of my cloak, and it went off my shoulders in a moment's time; he run down Greek-street, and I called out stop thief! he was stopped directly, I lost sight of him, I saw him soon afterwards in the patrol Sloper's custody.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-23-person226"> SIMON SLOPER
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person226" type="surname" value="SLOPER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person226" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-23-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The cloak was not found; I was on my duty, and turned on hearing the cry of stop thief! I saw the prisoner and two others running down the street; I slipped and fell, it was frosty; I caught the prisoner; says he, I had no hand in it: the woman came up and charged him with taking the cloak.</p>
<p>Court to Mrs. Chiffley. Had you opportunity of seeing the face of the prisoner? - Yes; it was under a lamp; I am positive he pulled the string of my cloak, but I do not swear he took it off.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My witnesses were here yesterday, they are gone out of town.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-23-verdict128" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-23-verdict128" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (Aged 18.)</p>
<p>Tried by the second Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290014"/>Court. What are you? - I am
<rs id="t17920329-23-deflabel129" type="occupation">learning the trade of a farmer and grazier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-23-defend221 t17920329-23-deflabel129"/>, from one Mr. Holgate, of Leeds Marsh, near Rye, in Sussex, tenant to one Squire Mansfield I think his name is, he lives at Roberts Bridge; I left him a year and a half; I have been supported since by my friends; my aunt used to support me, Old Quebec-street, Oxford-road.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-23-punish130" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-23-punish130" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-23-defend221 t17920329-23-punish130"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-24">
<interp inst="t17920329-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-24-off131-c178" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-24-defend228 t17920329-24-off131 t17920329-24-verdict135"/>
<p>182.
<persName id="t17920329-24-defend228" type="defendantName"> JOHN HARRIS
<interp inst="t17920329-24-defend228" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-defend228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-defend228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-defend228" type="age" value="17"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-24-off131" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-24-off131" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-off131" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17920329-24-victim230" type="victimName"> John Cocker
<interp inst="t17920329-24-victim230" type="surname" value="Cocker"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-victim230" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-victim230" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-24-off131 t17920329-24-victim230"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17920329-24-cd132" type="crimeDate">25th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-24-off131 t17920329-24-cd132"/>, and feloniously stealing therein a pair of leather breeches, value 10 s. and a pound and a half of red lead, value 2 d. </rs> the goods of the said
<persName id="t17920329-24-person231"> John Cocker
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person231" type="surname" value="Cocker"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person231" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>A second count, charging him with breaking and entering the said dwelling house, with an intent to steal.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-24-person232"> JOHN COCKER
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person232" type="surname" value="COCKER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person232" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17920329-24-viclabel133" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-24-victim230 t17920329-24-viclabel133"/>, I live in
<placeName id="t17920329-24-crimeloc134">Tabernacle-row, in the City Road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-crimeloc134" type="placeName" value="Tabernacle-row, in the City Road"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-crimeloc134" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-24-off131 t17920329-24-crimeloc134"/>; my house was broke open on Sunday evening last, about seven o'clock; I was sitting in my back parlour; I heard a noise up stairs, and I went to the stairs and called to know if there was any body above. I saw two men pass the landing from the back-room to the fore-room; I desired them to walk down stairs, which they did;
<persName id="t17920329-24-person233"> John Harris
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person233" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person233" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I took in the house, the other made his escape: I took him to an officer; he examined him in my presence; nothing was found upon him; almost every thing in the room was misplaced; a pair of breeches and a paper of red lead were dropped on the landing-place; they were my property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-24-person234"> MATTHEW BILBY
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person234" type="surname" value="BILBY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person234" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; I took the prisoner from the prosecutor.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>That house was not inhabited lately; there was neither door nor window in it; I have slept in that room three months; I did not go into the house to take any thing away.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I have lived in the house about six weeks.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-24-verdict135" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-24-verdict135" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-24-verdict135" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing </rs>. (Aged 17)</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-24-punish136" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-24-punish136" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-24-defend228 t17920329-24-punish136"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17920329-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-25-off137-c184" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-25-defend236 t17920329-25-off137 t17920329-25-verdict140"/>
<p>183.
<persName id="t17920329-25-defend236" type="defendantName"> GEORGE ROWN
<interp inst="t17920329-25-defend236" type="surname" value="ROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-defend236" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-defend236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-25-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-25-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-25-cd138" type="crimeDate">21st of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-25-off137 t17920329-25-cd138"/>, three pounds weight of hyson tea, valued 15 s. six pounds weight of souchong tea, valued 9 s. twenty-eight pounds weight of bohea tea, valued 30 s. and fifty-six pounds weight of rice, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-25-victim238" type="victimName"> Robert Derbyshire
<interp inst="t17920329-25-victim238" type="surname" value="Derbyshire"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-victim238" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-victim238" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-25-off137 t17920329-25-victim238"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-25-person239"> WILLIAM HASLAM
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person239" type="surname" value="HASLAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person239" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Derbyshire; he is a
<rs id="t17920329-25-viclabel139" type="occupation">wholesale grocer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-25-victim238 t17920329-25-viclabel139"/>; my master lost a quantity of goods on the 21st inst.; my master sent me with this parcel to the Windmill inn, St. John's-street; not knowing the inn, I passed it, and the bag was then in my cart; I stopped my horse and enquired for the Windmill, and they told me I was past it; presently after I missed the goods, and jumped out of the cart, and ran after the prisoner; I did not see the goods in possession of the prisoner, I saw them next day at Guildhall.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-25-person240"> ROBERT NEWMAN
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person240" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person240" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 21st inst. about a quarter past eight, coming down Turnmill-street I stopped the prisoner with the bag on his shoulder, I stopped him; he threw the bag down by which the rice parcels burst; I have kept them ever since and marked them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-25-person241"> WILLIAM HUNT
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person241" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person241" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a porter; I was at the corner of the Bowling-alley, in Windmill-street, and saw the prisoner stopped.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290015"/>JAMES NEWAN sworn.</p>
<p>I was with
<persName id="t17920329-25-person242"> Robert Newman
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person242" type="surname" value="Newman"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person242" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I only know the same as my brother.</p>
<p>(The goods produced and deposed to.)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I live with a wood chopper, and had been out to sell some; on my return home a man asked me the way to Mutton-hill; I told him I was going that way, and he said if you will carry this parcel I will give you a shilling; going along Turnmill-street, these two (Newmans), stopped me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-25-verdict140" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-25-verdict140" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-25-punish141" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-25-punish141" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-25-punish141" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-25-defend236 t17920329-25-punish141"/> Fined 1 s. </rs> and
<rs id="t17920329-25-punish142" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-25-punish142" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-25-defend236 t17920329-25-punish142"/> imprisoned six months </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-26">
<interp inst="t17920329-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c190" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend243 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict146"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c191" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend245 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c192" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend247 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c193" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend249 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend252 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c195" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend254 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c196" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend256 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-26-off143-c197" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend258 t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-verdict148"/>
<p>184.
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend243" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS HUBBARD alias
<rs id="t17920329-26-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend243 t17920329-26-alias-1"/>NOBLE</rs>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend243" type="surname" value="HUBBARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend243" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend245" type="defendantName"> JAMES JONES alias
<rs id="t17920329-26-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend245 t17920329-26-alias-2"/>PASTE</rs> alias
<rs id="t17920329-26-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend245 t17920329-26-alias-3"/>DEACON</rs>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend245" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend245" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend247" type="defendantName"> JAMES ARMSTRONG alias
<rs id="t17920329-26-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend247 t17920329-26-alias-4"/>OGDEN</rs>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend247" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend247" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend249" type="defendantName"> JOHN BAILEY alias
<rs id="t17920329-26-alias-5" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend249 t17920329-26-alias-5"/>TAYLOR</rs> alias
<rs id="t17920329-26-alias-6" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend249 t17920329-26-alias-6"/>DISDALL</rs>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend249" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend249" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend252" type="defendantName"> JAMES SAVAGE
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend252" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend252" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend254" type="defendantName"> PETER DOUGLAS
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend254" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend254" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend256" type="defendantName"> JAMES FRERE
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend256" type="surname" value="FRERE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend256" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920329-26-defend258" type="defendantName"> JOHN CARRYL
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend258" type="surname" value="CARRYL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend258" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-defend258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for that
<rs id="t17920329-26-off143" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-26-off143" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-off143" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> they, not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the Devil, on the
<rs id="t17920329-26-cd144" type="crimeDate">16th day of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-cd144"/> last, at the parish of
<placeName id="t17920329-26-crimeloc145">St. Andrew, Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-crimeloc145" type="placeName" value="St. Andrew, Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-crimeloc145" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-crimeloc145"/>, in and upon
<persName id="t17920329-26-victim259" type="victimName"> Jordan Hosty
<interp inst="t17920329-26-victim259" type="surname" value="Hosty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-victim259" type="given" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-victim259" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-off143 t17920329-26-victim259"/> </persName> , in the peace of God and our Lord the King then and there being, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought did make an assault, and that he, the said
<persName id="t17920329-26-person260"> Francis Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person260" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person260" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with a certain knife, of the value of 2 d. which he, in his right hand then and there had and held, in and upon the buttock of the right thigh of the said Jordan Hosty, did strike, stab, cut, penetrate, and wound; giving him, in and upon the said buttock of the said right thigh of him the said Jordan, one mortal wound, of the depth of three inches and of the breadth of one inch and a half, of which mortal wound the said Jordan, from the said 16th of February till the 24th of the said month, did languish, and languishing did live, on which said 24th of the said month, the said Jordan Hosty did die: and the indictment charges that the said
<persName id="t17920329-26-person261"> James Jones
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person261" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person261" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> alias Paste alias Deacon,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person262"> James Armstrong
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person262" type="surname" value="Armstrong"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person262" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> alias Ogden,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person263"> John Bailey
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person263" type="surname" value="Bailey"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person263" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> alias Taylor alias Disdall,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person264"> James Savage
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person264" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person264" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Peter Douglas,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person265"> James Frere
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person265" type="surname" value="Frere"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person265" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920329-26-person266"> John Carryl
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person266" type="surname" value="Carryl"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person266" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, were present, aiding, abetting, comforting, supporting, and maintaining him, the said
<persName id="t17920329-26-person267"> Francis Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person267" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person267" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> otherwise Noble, to do and commit the said murder: and so the jurors on their oaths say, that him the said Jordan Hosty, the said
<persName id="t17920329-26-person268"> Francis Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person268" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person268" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and the other prisoners, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did kill and murder </rs>, against the king's peace.</p>
<p>The said
<persName id="t17920329-26-person269"> James Jones
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person269" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person269" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17920329-26-person270"> James Armstrong
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person270" type="surname" value="Armstrong"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person270" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> also were charged on the Coroner's Inquisition for the said murder.</p>
<p>(The indictment opened by Mr. Knapp: and the case by Mr. Garrow, as follows:)</p>
<p>May it please your Lordship. Gentlemen of the jury. I have been called upon in the course of my professional duty to state to you the nature of the case against the unfortunate men at the bar; and to persons of serious and sober thinking it must have excited sensations of a very uneasy kind, to learn that you are to day to pass on the lives or deaths of so many of your fellow citizens. Gentlemen, in our journey through life we are very often cast into very uncomfortable situations; but it is your duty and mine, as it is the duty of every man, to meet his duty manfully, and to discharge it honestly: I am perfectly sure, gentlemen, that the cause of these men will be safe under your consideration, with the directions you will receive from the noble and learned judge: on the part of the defendants, they have every claim to your best and most discriminating attention; because, undoubtedly, if you should feel yourselves called upon by virtue of the oath you have taken; if you should feel yourselves called upon by the obligations of conscience to pronounce them guilty, they will have little hope of mercy in this world: on the part of the publick there are claims
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290016"/>on you to attend to this case with the most serious and considerate caution, because it presents a murder of the most horrid and attrocious kind committed, with circumstances of defiance of all the attention of the police that have hardly been equalled in this country in modern times; there will be an end of all security in society, if crimes like this attributed to these unfortunate men should pass with impunity: gentlemen, to you I dare say it will be unnecessary to make the observation I am going to make; I make it because I know an occasion recent to us all, I mean the riots in 1780; vulgar minds were impressed with an idea that prosecutions like the present were unfit, indecorous, and not proper to be had; it has been supposed by such minds that to call on a jury to attend to the case of seven or eight persons together, is a thing not to be done in a country governed as this is by wife and just laws; gentlemen, it is of necessity that it should be done; if many persons engage in the perpetration of the same crime, they must be arraigned together, their guilt must be inquired into by the same jury, the same jury must do their best to find out and discriminate that guilt; therefore, gentlemen, it is no impeachment on the law, it is no arraignment of the proceedings of courts of justice that they should be tried together, in truth it is more beneficial for them, and those that fancy these things are injurious, if they considered the subject dispassionately, would discover, that in the way in which justice is administered in this country, it is in truth more beneficial to the parties accused than any other mode of proceeding could possibly be: gentlemen, I have the pleasure, on the present occasion, to assure you that the number of persons will not excite any difficulty in the decision; that it will be extremely easy to apply your minds to the cases of the several prisoners, under the direction, and with the assistance, you will receive from the Court: gentlemen, the first object of your enquiry will be this, whether Jordan Hosty came to his death by violent means inflicted upon him by any body; the indictment imputes that violence to the prisoner Hubbard; it will be, in point of law, perfectly immaterial whether that allegation in the indictment be true or not; because, if it should turn out that any other prisoner now arraigned gave the mortal wound, still, if Hubbard and the rest were associates in the guilt of that other person it will make no difference; but I believe it will appear from the testimony of very many witnesses, that the mortal wound, as alleged to Hubbard, is consistent with truth; you will have the goodness to direct your minds first to the enquiry whether he was guilty of the fact alleged against him, then you will see what share the other prisoners have taken in that guilt, whether they were present, whether they encouraged him, by adding to that force which he would not have had alone to perpetrate this crime, and whether they lent themselves to his guilty purpose: gentlemen, it is necessary I should state to you, that, in order to make persons accessaries, as we call it in common phrase, to the guilt of murder, it is not necessary that all of them should intend that a murder should be committed; if many persons are engaged in an illegal act, in a breach of the peace, or any assault which they do not intend shall end in murder, still, if murder is the event, it is equally murder in them all. Gentlemen, I shall now proceed to state to you the circumstances which led to this melancholy tragedy; on the 16th of February the prisoners at the bar, who had long been associates, and had infested the neighbourhood of Saffron-hill and Chick-lane, were assembled, all but Hubbard, in a publick-house at the corner of Chick-lane, known by the sign of the Crown and Anchor; about half past eight o'clock the prisoner Hubbard arrived: it is immaterial to state to you on what occasion he came there: the prisoner Frere brought in a cask of cherry brandy, which he desired the landlord to purchase of him; for reasons which were very good ones, the landlord refused to purchase it, upon which Frere spiled the cask, and gave some to the prisoners: about nine o'clock, inflamed probably with liquor,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290017"/>they all sallied forth to the door of that publick-house, and there they stood in a very riotous mob, accompanied by several prostitutes of the lowest order; while they were standing there a man of the name of Davis was passing along; the first act (and, gentlemen, I state this, not for the purpose of influencing your minds against the prisoners, but for the purpose of marking to you, that those who will come by and by to identify the prisoners, had the means of knowing them; they had the means of fixing their attention) a poor man, of the name of Davis, a coal-porter, was knocked down by some of this gang without the smallest provocation: I mention this only because Davis will be called to you as a witness; he will be called to identify some of the persons at the bar, and that they were so assembled: very soon after this a man of the name of Connor, a day labourer, was returning to his lodging, within a few doors, he was under the necessity, from the narrowness of the place, to pass through this gang of persons; they hustled him; and he made use of an expression, d - n you, what are you at? why do not you let people go along; upon this they fell upon him with their sticks; they beat him in a very violent manner, and he at last escaped into the Crown and Anchor; he represented his alarm, stated his fear of going home, and he begged somebody would protect him home, imagining that the presence of anybody with whom they were acquainted would keep them in order; the master was gone to bed, and the waiter could not leave the house: the poor man waited there till he thought these people were dispersed, and then he came out: I stated first these persons had beat him with their sticks, and at that time no other instrument appears to have been used; but on his coming out he found they were laying in wait for him; he found they were waiting for his coming; and as soon as he came within their reach they attacked him with drawn knives and sticks, and used him in the most cruel manner; the poor man scrambled to his lodging: he lodged at a house with a man of the same name, Connor; and Conner and the unfortunate deceased, Hosty, came out to his assistance; and as soon as they came out they were attacked by different persons, cut with their knives, and mangled in a terrible manner; at last Hosty, who had been cut and mangled, got to the door of a Mr. Carey, a grocer, he fell, and in falling, partly in the house and partly out of it, it will be proved to you by many witnesses, but particularly by Mrs. Carey, who has no doubt of the person; that as he fell, the prisoner Hubbard gave him the wound which occasioned his death; that he gave, as it appeared to her, the whole force of his body to the blow, and he accompanied it with the most horrid and violent expressions, which it is not material to state to you; they are such as make one's nature shudder, expressing the deliberate purpose of destroying this unfortunate victim: gentlemen, the poor man fell at the door wounded by the knife of Hubbard; he had pursued him to that door, he was followed by some of his associates, and he had the barbarity to jump and tread on the head and breast of the poor man; in this situation, glorying in what he had done, boasting of it, he will be described by several witnesses; gentlemen, at last the poor man was dragged into the house, and Mrs. Carey, imagining that her sex might possibly disarm the fury of these ruffians, went to the door, and desired them to go away; Hubbard was then dancing and jumping with his knife in his hand, and using the most horrid expressions, that he would have him out; he went away, and came back accompanied by several of his associates; he swore the b - y b - r was in the house, he was sure, and would have him out; gentlemen, upon this Carey and his family were alarmed for their own safety, and Carey went for a constable; and I mention this fact to you, cautioning you against accumulating this to the guilt of the prisoners at the bar; God knows, if they are guilty of the murder, it requires no aggravation of their case; but for the purpose of shewing that the witnesses who will swear to their persons, had the means
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290018"/>of knowing them; he made use of this expression to Carey, you will go for a constable, will you! blast you, we will give it you; and he immediately attacked Mr. Carey, and he was knocked down by these people; the wife and Fisher, a lodger, ran out to his assistance; he was laying on the ground, crying out murder, and the prisoner and some others kicking him as he lay on the ground; at that time Hubbard, Armstrong, and Jones were standing over him; Jones was attempting to jump on him; Fisher pushed him away, and had a violent blow on his head; at this time some of them exclaimed, d - n you, draw your knives: gentlemen, after this the poor man was taken to a house in the neighbourhood, and from thence to the hospital, for a few days, when he died most unquestionably of the wound that had been given him: the question, therefore, that you have to decide is, whether you can trust to the testimony of the witnesses; if you believe them, if you believe them persons deserving of credit, if you believe they tell their stories in a manner not to excite suspicion, not to excite an apprehension that they are imposing upon you, if you believe they are not mistaken, it will be your duty to pronounce him guilty of the murder, and it will be also your duty to pronounce what share all the other prisoners had in the transaction: the evidence against them is undoubtedly extremely different; as to some of them it will be proved by many witnesses, as to others there will be fewer persons, and those to whom they will swear will be less connected in the transaction: I will direct your attention to some of those against whom undoubtedly the evidence does not appear to be so pregnant; with respect to the prisoner Savage, he was one of those who composed the gang in Brewhouse-yard, but I am not able to connect him with the door of Mr. Carey, or with the actual time of the murder; I am sure if any merciful distinction can be made, it will be made, and urged to your consideration by the highest possible authority; gentlemen, with respect to one of the prisoners I shall be able to prove by one witness, that, if he was not connected with the murder, he was afterwards, while the windows were breaking, one of those that were standing there and laughing at the transaction; with respect to the rest, I shall prove them guilty, I am afraid, by many witnesses: and, gentlemen, it is lamentable indeed that the law has called upon you to make so many victims to publick justice; you and I have nothing to do with that; it is your duty and mine to attend honestly and fairly to the consideration of the facts; and though the consequence of your verdict may be the offering up to publick justice and society many victims, though it may inflict you with pain, yet it will not induce you to swerve from your duty; and though your situation be undoubtedly a very unpleasant one, yet you will meet that situation like me, and discharge it like honest men, looking neither to the right hand nor to the left, but doing your duty as the evidence shall compel you: gentlemen, I shall call the witnesses, many of whom have felt terror in coming forward; but I hope they will learn that they are under the protection of the Court, and that nothing can happen to them for telling the truth; and God forbid they should state either more or less: gentlemen, I shall now proceed to call the witnesses in support of the facts I have related to you, and I doubt not but on the result of the whole, your verdict will be such as to meet the approbation of the publick.</p>
<p>(The witnesses examined separate.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person271"> JOHN MILES
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person271" type="surname" value="MILES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person271" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>(Examined by Mr. Knapp.)</p>
<p>I am a waiter at the Crown and Anchor the corner of Chick-lane, and was so the 16th of Feb. last; I know the prisoners, and saw all of them on that day; they were there the middle of the day and all the day but Hubbard, who did not come till eight or nine, some little I think before nine, and Douglas not after five or six. They staid in our house after Hubbard came in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290019"/>about a quarter of an hour or twenty minutes; they, to the best of my knowledge, had a little bit of a cag with some liquor in it, that was Frere; they drank some of the liquor, and Dildale had some beer; I remember Armstrong going out first and they all absconded the house about ten minutes before nine; I never saw them again that night. After they were gone out about three or four minutes, I heard a woman cry out murder, and then the man that is here, Connor, came into our house running, with his nose and mouth bleeding, as with a blow, not a cut; I cannot say I know any of the people that followed him; I did not see Connor after that time; I did not go out after, I kept the door bolted.</p>
<p>Prisoner Hubbard. Do not you recollect seeing me in this house after? - No.</p>
<p>Prisoner Armstrong. Was not I in the house, in the tap-room, when Connor came in? - No, I saw none but Connor.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person272"> JAMES CONNOR
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person272" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person272" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (the lodger) sworn.</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. What are you? - A labouring man; I lodged at this time in Brewhouse-yard, No. 2, with
<persName id="t17920329-26-person273"> James Connor
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person273" type="surname" value="Connor"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person273" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; coming along there were a parcel of men and women, about five or six, if not more, standing, and they kept hustling me about as I attempted to pass them; I damned them for not letting quiet people go by about their business, and they came on me with bludgeons and sticks; the men and the women thumping me, and I ran into the Crown and Anchor. I asked Miles for his master; he was gone to bed; I went into the parlour; I continued a few minutes; I had not a mind to drink; I looked out and saw nobody; in going out in about half a score yards they attacked me a second time; I did not see the knife, but I saw the bludgeons; but I received this cut over the cheek (a long scar) and another cut over the mouth, either by a knife or a tool; I called out for relief; some of them were round me, and my landlord came and took me in doors; I did not see the deceased then; I observed
<persName id="t17920329-26-person274"> James Armstrong
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person274" type="surname" value="Armstrong"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person274" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (that is the man) he was one of those that struck me with a bludgeon; I noticed his face well; I am absolutely certain to him; I cannot swear distinctly to the persons of any of the others; they followed my landlord and I in, and knocked and bustled at the door, and broke one of the panes in the one pair of stairs; my landlord went out and was struck over the head, and he shut the door; I stopt some time, stopping my blood with cold water for half an hour, then I went to the surgeon.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person275"> JAMES CONNOR
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person275" type="surname" value="CONNOR"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person275" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (the landlord) sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Brewhouse-yard, Chick-lane, about 30 yards from the Crown and Anchor; the last witness and the deceased both lodged with me; about ten minutes before nine my namesake came within a little of the door; the deceased and I sat together; Connor cried out I am beat! I knew his voice. The deceased said to me, do you go out and bring him in, I suppose he is jawed by an old woman; I went out and saw three men and two women; I observed no strokes nor who the people were; I got him into the house; I took notice of his wounds; my hat was cut; then I missed Hosty; I did not see him out of doors afterwards; then the door was put to; they followed to the door and rattled at it; I did not see the deceased again till I saw him in the hospital; I made no observations who the persons were.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person276"> CHARLES GILL
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person276" type="surname" value="GILL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person276" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I a shoemaker in Field-lane, close by Brewhouse-yard; about five minutes before nine I went to the castle to get a pint of beer, and I had not been in one minute before I heard the cry of murder, and I saw a man lay bleeding at the door; I do not know who it was, it was not Hosty nor Connor, there were a number of people; I called them blackguards for using a poor man so: one of them came up to me and said he would cut my bloody Irish blood out; then I went into the Castle, I heard more noise; I ran out again; I saw several
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290020"/>people making towards Brewhouse-yard; and Carryl running out of the Crown and Anchor, and I saw, I dare say a dozen beating Connor; I cannot say who beat him; I saw Carryl hit nobody, only saw him running; I do not know whether they had any offensive weapon. A lamplighter came up and I took his light and lighted Connor in doors, and there was Pace and Armstrong flourishing their sticks; I did not see them hit any body; I saw Connor, the landlord, open the door, and one of the men hit him with a stick; I do not know who that was; I got back to the Castle, but the door was shut; when I came back, I saw Bailey at the corner of the gate-way, at Brewhouse-yard; I think he is the man that followed me to the posts with a knife, which I saw, and threatened to cut my head off; he was called Disdale, in the mob: I saw him have no knife at the corner. When I saw the deceased Hosty, running up Saffron-hill, as if getting from the mob, and I thought Carryl was pursuing him; I saw him have no weapon; I went into the Castle and they shut me in; I never saw the deceased again till after he was dead.</p>
<p>Prisoner Carryl. What coloured coat had I on? - A light-coloured coat, which I took to be a dark drab.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person277"> THOMAS HARDY
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person277" type="surname" value="HARDY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person277" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a butcher, No. 13, Field-lane. On the 16th of February, about nine in the evening, I heard a squall by a woman; I ran to the corner of Chick-lane, and saw a man run with a blue jacket and trowsers on, that was the deceased, and another man in a light-coloured coat, and I followed him; they ran up Saffron-hill, when they came to Mr. Carey's door the deceased slipt and fell down; the man that pursued him, whom I believe to be Hubbard, I cannot be positive to his face, but every other appearance was like him; he gave him three or four kicks, and gave him three or four strokes with his right hand on his right buttock, which was uppermost, drawing his hand backwards and forwards; he put his hands against the two half-doors and kicked him in doors, and the doors were shut; after that the man that I supposed to be Hubbard, I cannot say exactly, he called him a bloody b - r; he got into the middle of the road and called out you b - rs bring me a pistol, and he swore he would shoot the bloody b - r: he ran down Saffron-hill directly, I saw him come up the hill again in three or four minutes; there were several came with him, I do not know any of them; he returned to Carey's house and said the bloody b - r was there; he would have him out, and there was a skirmish some few minutes, then they returned down to Harris's shop; I cannot say I saw any of these people at the Taylor's shop. After the riot was all over, I saw Frere at the Crown and Anchor calling to them; he was in a smock frock, and five minutes after I saw him upon the hill with the smock frock off.</p>
<p>Court. You seem to have been a witness to what passed for a considerable space of time; now making use of all your recollection, can you with moral certainty recollect the person of Hubbard? - I cannot say with certainty to any person; but this man Frere and Hubbard as I think.</p>
<p>Court. Are you pretty sure it was him? - I really think it was him.</p>
<p>Court. When you saw him at the magistrate's did you think he was the man? - Yes.</p>
<p>Have you now any doubt about his being the man? - I have no doubt but what he is the man.</p>
<p>Prisoner Hubbard. Whether he knew me before, or whether he goes by my having a white coat on? - I never saw him before; but by every appearance of the shape and make of him, I rather think him to be the man, by rather bending his knees.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You said nothing at Bow-street? - I was not called to give evidence there.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t17920329-26-person278"> JESSE CAREY
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person278" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person278" type="given" value="JESSE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>My husband is a grocer on Saffron-hill. On the 16th of February, about five minutes
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290021"/>before nine, a man fell into the door: we were at supper: that person was Jordan Hosty, the deceased; as I was sitting at supper the prisoner Hubbard was stamping on him with the heel of his foot: the deceased's head and shoulders were inside the door, and the lower part of his body laying out: the prisoner Hubbard appeared to me to aim at his face, but stamped on the breast and stomach; I did not observe him repeat the blow, but he offered to strike him once or twice; I went to the door, and Hubbard rather drew back, and the deceased got up and passed me, and went up part of our stairs; then I pushed Hubbard from the door, and he caught hold of my hair, and pulled me off the step of the door upon the pavement; then he stood in the middle of the street, and swore he would have that b - y rogue out; I said the man did not belong to us, and he should come out, we did not want him there; he put himself into many attitudes, and put his hand into his waistcoat pocket and took out something, but I cannot tell what it was; he said, the first that came nigh him he would stab: he turned himself round after standing about five minutes, seeming to be in a great passion, and swearing he would have the man out, and ran down the street.</p>
<p>I would trouble you to look at him again. - Sir, I am positive to his person.</p>
<p>You are positive to his person? - Indeed I am, I am sure he was the man that was stamping on the man that lay on the steps; I looked particularly at him, he took up my whole attention by the manner of his behaviour.</p>
<p>How soon afterwards did you see him at Bow-street? - I believe it was about a week.</p>
<p>Did you immediately recollect him? - As soon as ever I saw him go up from the bench I recollected his person immediately.</p>
<p>Was he sitting alone or pointed out to you? - No, Sir, he was sitting alone.</p>
<p>Had you at that time, have you now, or have you at any time entertained any doubt about his person? - Not the least.</p>
<p>During all this transaction were there any persons at the door? - I did not see any besides him: after he ran down Saffron-hill I went into the house, the deceased was concealed under the stairs, by Mr. Cary and Mr. Sheen (a lodger) I said now is your time to go your ways, for the man that has been using you ill is gone down the street; and the deceased looked very earnestly in my face but did not say a word; while I was talking to him, Hubbard was the first person that came to the door again.</p>
<p>Were there any persons in company with him? - Yes there were some men came up with him but I do not recollect any of the others.</p>
<p>Court. At this time, when Hubbard went, do you know whether the deceased had received any wound? - Yes, he had received a wound over the face, and I believe he had received the wound of which he died. - When Hubbard came back again he jumped and said the bloody rogue was in there, fetch him out: they would have him out; Mr. Sheen recommended to my husband to go for a constable, and they went away from the door; I believe Hubbard was the first that went after my husband; I heard they had knocked him down, and I went two or three doors and my husband was laying on the ground and holding up his left hand crying out murder!</p>
<p>Court. Any thing that passed after the fatal blow is not material to be enquired into.</p>
<p>Mrs. Carey. When I came back the deceased was gone, I never saw him afterwards.</p>
<p>Prisoner Hubbard. You do not go by my having a white coat on? - No, I go by your face.</p>
<p>I have lived three years on Saffron-hill, four doors from you? - I never saw you before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person279"> THOMAS JAMES
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person279" type="surname" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person279" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a shoemaker, No. 14, Field-lane; I was at my own house; I heard a noise at the posts; I immediately ran and saw three
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290022"/>or four surrounding a man in a blue jacket and trowsers (the deceased); he escaped, and ran up Saffron-hill; he was pursued by one, I did not observe his face, he was a man of my own height, rather a short man, in a drab-coloured coat; I pursued them to Mr. Carey's door, and the deceased fell, and the force of his falling burst open the door when he fell; I had a bundle about me; I made off about twenty-yards from the place; I made no observation before he went in doors; the man that pursued the deceased returned to Saffron-hill again; I cannot say I saw him again; I did not see him at all, not his face, only the colour of his coat; there were some more came up; he might be with them, but I do not know: Mr. Carey said he would fetch a constable; and they surrounded Carey, and knocked him down.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person280"> JAMES CAREY
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person280" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person280" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at home this evening; I went to the door, but not close: on the 16th of February last, a few minutes before nine, as I sat at supper, I was greatly alarmed by a man falling against my door; I went up, and saw a man with stout thick legs, and a lightish drab coat, but rather darker by wear, it was a very old one; I cannot be sure to Hubbard, but there is none other of the prisoners so much like him; I saw that man kicking the man that lay on the ground as hard as he possibly could; I then went towards the door, but my wife went first; she laid hold of the man that was kicking by the shoulders, and they both went out of doors; the man got up, and he ran up stairs; and a lodger of mine, whose name is Sheen, met the man, and said, you shall not come here; what do you want? For God's sake, says the man, do not turn me out; if you turn me out, they will murder me: I stood at the bottom of the stairs, and the man seemed to address himself to me; Master (he was an Irishman), do not turn me out, they will murder me; I have done nothing, I never touched nor offended any of them: I looked upon it as this, that they had been a fighting, and, as the common phrase is, the man had had enough, and gave out; says I, Poor man! you seem shockingly hurt indeed; for I suppose he spilled a pint of blood from his nose, for I saw no other wound; I observed the wound across the nose very plain, it seemed to me as if I could put my finger in it; at that time I was struck more with horror than pity, the man appeared so very ghastly; says I, poor man, go under the stairs, I will go to the door and see what is the matter; while I was talking to him, the man, who he was I cannot say, came back; says he, the bl - y rogue is here; the bl - y b - r, I will have him out: I went and fetched a constable; and the same man that was stamping on the other came up to me again; I have never seen a man since, in all the times since the affair happened, like Hubbard.</p>
<p>Does he fully answer the impression which your mind made on itself at the time? - Yes; and another thing I took notice of, he spoke, for a little man, very strong.</p>
<p>Then, upon the whole, you have a strong belief that he is the man, but you do not mean to swear positively? - No, Sir, I do not mean to swear positively; but, if he is not the man, he is as much like him as two peas can be matched.</p>
<p>Prisoner Hubbard. Is he positive it wanted ten minutes of nine? - Yes, I will tell you why; I seldom come from my father-in-law's till nine; but I had not posted our day-book, and it wanted nine minutes of nine when I came home, and I sat down immediately to supper, and I had not had any thing; I saw your legs kicking the man; I do not positively swear that you are the same, but I firmly and sincerely believe it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person281"> JOSEPH FISHER
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person281" type="surname" value="FISHER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person281" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at No. 14, Great Saffron-hill: on the 16th of February, I stood at my master's house, at the cutting-board; I heard a noise at Mr. Carey's door, and I went and saw a little man strutting before the door; I do not know who he was.</p>
<p>Have you seen any body since that you believe to be the man? - Yes.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290023"/>Who is the person? - That gentleman there at the corner,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person282"> Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person282" type="given" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I believe they call him, I do not know what his right name is; I remember hearing him say, at the time, turn out that bl - y rogue; I saw the deceased, cut across the nose, bleeding.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person283"> EDWARD DREWIT
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person283" type="surname" value="DREWIT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person283" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a hair-dresser: about ten minutes before nine, I heard a great noise on Saffron-hill, the cry of stop him; I saw the deceased, Jordan Hosty, run up the hill, crying out Murder! murder! and a man in light coloured clothes following him, with the horrid expressions, you bl - dy thief, I will murder you; and he ran as far as Mr. Carey's door, and there the man fell directly; after that, there were some people collected out at the door; I saw no more of the man; I saw the same man in the light-coloured coat, that pursued Hosty, was the man I saw attack
<persName id="t17920329-26-person284"> James Carey
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person284" type="surname" value="Carey"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person284" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , but I cannot take upon me to say who that man was; I did not make sufficient observation to be able to swear him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person285"> THOMAS DAVIS
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person285" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person285" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Butchers-arms, in Chick-lane: on the 16th of February, about nine at night within two minutes, I was in my parlour backwards, and was called out by my son; I went to my bar; I met my brother, with his head bleeding; I saw nothing of Hosty.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person286"> WILLIAM MACNALLY
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person286" type="surname" value="MACNALLY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person286" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I knew the deceased, Hosty; he was a first cousin of my wife's; he came to my lodgings about half after nine, he was in a very bad condition, no man could be worse; he had a cut in his face, and a stab in his right thigh; I kept him, washing his face, for ten minutes; and, William, says he, I believe I have got a kick at Mr. Carey's door; says I, turn down, I will see you; he turned down; says I, Jordan, you are stabbed; says he, then, I believe I am, calling me by my name; I took him to the surgeon's, and from thence to the hospital, about ten; he lived about eight days after; I went every second day; I was with him when the last surgeon dressed him; I saw him afterwards, dead; he was in as strong health before as any man would wish to be.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person287"> JOSEPH COPE
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person287" type="surname" value="COPE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person287" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a surgeon in St. Bartholomew's hospital; I saw the deceased there; he had a wound on his right buttock, it appeared to be about three inches deep, and one and a half in length; he had also a cut across his face, but that appeared of very little consequence, and, having some dressing upon it, I did not examine it; I can only say, that I was called to him on account of the return of the bleeding of the wound on the buttock, that I saw him twice afterwards, and that he died on the Friday following.</p>
<p>Did it appear to you that the wound on the thigh had been inflicted by some sharp cutting instrument? - It did.</p>
<p>Would a knife have given such a wound? - Exactly.</p>
<p>To what do you ascribe the death of that unfortunate person? - To this wound on his thigh.</p>
<p>You have no doubt but that was the occasion of it? - I have not the least doubt of it.</p>
<p>Court. Now the time is come for you to make your defence, I think I ought to tell you, that the person who appears to be the most materially affected, and who probably in the sequel of the case will be found to be materially affected, is Hubbard; therefore he particularly should apply himself to any thing that may be of advantage to him in his defence.</p>
<p>PRISONER HUBBARD's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was discharged here last sessions, about half after eight; when I had my iron off, I went to the Cock in the Corner, and stopped there till it wanted ten minutes of nine; then I went up Chick-lane, to my father and mother; I have the people ready to witness that I lived there three years, two or three doors from where these people lived; I wish to speak a word relative to the kicks and bruises.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290024"/>Mr. Cope. Certainly the man had some bruises on his face, but not of much consequence; his eyes were blood-shot.</p>
<p>Prisoner Hubbard. I had only been into Mr. Sibley's house after the affair happened, I had a pint of beer, and out.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person288"> CATHERINE SANKEY
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person288" type="surname" value="SANKEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person288" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person288" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I come to tell the time that the prisoner Hubbard was dismissed from this place when he was tried before.</p>
<p>What day of the month was it? - Upon my word I do not know.</p>
<p>Court to Hubbard. What questions would you ask?</p>
<p>Prisoner. What time did I leave your company after I was dismissed this Court? -</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. I can say it was this day.</p>
<p>Court. What time did he leave your company? - Very near nine o'clock.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - I live on Holywell-mount, near Shoreditch.</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. Where did you go to from Newgate first? - Over the way to the public-house, and from thence to the Cock in the Corner on Ludgate-hill, and he stopped there and drank; he left us there.</p>
<p>Before nine o'clock? - Yes.</p>
<p>The Cock on Ludgate-hill every body knows is not two minutes and a half walk from Saffron-hill? - I do not know, I never was there before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person289"> ELIZABETH BROWN
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person289" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person289" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person289" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you recollect seeing the prisoner Hubbard on the day he was discharged from this place? - Yes, I saw him between eight and nine in the public-house, the Cock in the Corner.</p>
<p>What time did he go out of that house? - He went from there before nine o'clock.</p>
<p>Court. Gentlemen of the Jury: we are now arrived to that period of the case that demands your attention; and by whomsoever it has been suggested, or on whatsoever occasion it may have been suggested, that it is uncandid to complicate together in one charge different persons, because it may distract the attention of jurors, it is ignorance, to say no more of it; for if the case connects them together, if the facts connect them, the prosecution arising out of those facts must necessarily connect them: where the facts may all of them be brought before the Court without complicating different persons in it, it is always convenient to keep the charges apart, that the attention of those who are to decide may not be distracted by different parts of the charge; but in this case it could not have been conducted otherwise than it has been; the case itself, as stated prima facie, attempts to connect all those persons in one integral act, committed at one time, and ascribing to all of them large portions of guilt, which is the guilt of some person; but, happily for those that are to decide, it is rid of all complicated circumstances; because it is fit to tell you, Gentlemen, that, as far as my observation has gone, I think that the prosecution, though fit to be inquired into with respect to all the persons that have been placed before you for your judgement, so far has failed, with respect to all except Hubbard, that I am not aware that there are any circumstances whatever that will warrant me in stating to you, in a question upon which you are to decide on the lives of these men - that there any circumstances that will attach on any of the parties besides Hubbard: Gentlemen, the law was with great accuracy laid down by the learned counsel, who opened the case on the part of the prosecution, with candour, with abilities, and with clearness; and he stated to you that which I do perfectly subscribe to, that if several persons meet together for any illegal purpose, although the purpose which they intend to perpetrate may not amount to felony, yet if so associated together, they are all of them intangled in the consequences, however enormous, however they may be enhanced beyond their first intention; and I concur further with him, in stating, that though the indictment may charge one person with giving the mortal wound, yet if the others are associated with him in the perpetration of their illegal purpose, it is of no consequence; though the mortal wound may be given by the hand of another, yet all of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290025"/>them are answerable, even to murder, for the blow given by another person: Gentlemen, I do this for the sake of stating to a pretty crouded audience, and for the sake of those other persons at the bar, that they may hereafter bear about them in their minds how necessary it is to refrain from keeping bad company, and embarking in any bad purpose; they ought to know in what peril they stand, if they associate with those who are embarked in illegal purposes, that it will be of no moment to say, I had no intention to kill; the answer of the Judge, by the Jury, will be, it is of no consequence your intention, you was embarked in illegal purposes, and all of you are answerable for the wound: Now, gentlemen, with that preface, I will proceed to state to you the evidence against these parties: [Here the learned Judge summed up the evidence, and then added] Gentlemen, this is the evidence which is called on the behalf of the prosecution; and, as I before said, I do not think this evidence contains any distinct facts strong enough to involve any of the persons in the guilt which is ascribed to them all by the indictment, except Hubbard; for it does not appear that, at the time when they were in the public-house, they had agreed to go out to commit violence; how the violence arose you are only to collect from the evidence given; and there is nothing, in my apprehension, that involves them: Now, with respect to the case of Hubbard, the lenity of the laws of the country in which we live, in various cases, though homicide happens, indulges the passions and weaknesses of the nature which we carry about us; it is not the consequence, that because a man is killed, that the hand by which he died is involved in the crime of murder; but it becomes the party to furnish the Jury with circumstances which shall in some measure apologize for what he has done, and reduce the offence to that of a less denomination than that of murder; now, in looking at this case again and again, I am not aware that any such circumstances exist; if there had been any provocation given, and men's minds had been heated, and the hand that gave the fatal blow is of his guard, owing to something that happened, this, though not sufficient completely to excuse his guilt, but to be some apology in the eye of that law which indulges the passions of men to a certain degree; if any such circumstances had existed in this case, they ought to have been laid before you; but I do not find that is the case; then how is the fact, if it comes unapologized for, and unreduced in the eye of the criminal jurisprudence of the country? That the deceased died by violence is proved, that he died by the hand of somebody is certain; but that will not be sufficient to impute blame to any person, unless the guilt of that particular person is ascertained by evidence; and, in order to do that, you have the witnesses, three or four of whom prove, and two of them speaking with positiveness, that Hubbard was the man that pursued him, that was upon him inflicting violence at the door of Carey; all the witnesses, and it is not at all to be wondered at, in a tumult, in the midst of a mob, that they did not distinctly see every act of violence that was committed; but, however, the case is not destitute of every degree of proof, because one of the witnesses, namely Hardy, swore, that, besides the kicking, he saw the hand of the person going backwards and forwards two or three times, and that that part of his body which was wounded was uppermost at the time; and though not of import singly, yet combined together it may be of much import; and you will recollect, that afterwards, when he was pursued, and apprehended the ministers of justice were after him, that he took something, which was not seen, out of his waistcoat pocket; but that it was something capable of stabbing is pretty clear, because he said he would stab any one that attempted to take him: You, gentlemen, are in arduous circumstances certainly; for though the case may not be of great difficulty, yet one pauses before one decides on the fate of a fellow-creature; and in this case are the issues of life and death, with respect to this man, in your hands; but you are not to shrink from
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290026"/>your duty, you must meet it, as the learned counsel said, manfully and fairly; you must remember that, notwithstanding all the feelings of your minds, with respect to false mercy, you owe a justice to your country; and if this man is the man that shed the blood of one of his fellow-creatures, he must answer it with his own blood; and the good policy of the country, and the actual existence of a state of society, cannot exist, if, after such crimes are detected, they are not punished: you are to ascertain it: the circumstances are strong, they are given by witnesses not impeached; and the contradiction attempted to be given to them for the prisoner is certainly no contradiction at all; all that those witnesses have said may be perfectly true, and yet the case for the prosecution stand wholly unimpeached: Gentlemen, in your hands, it remains to decide on the prisoner's fate, discharging at the same time the duty you owe to the unhappy man, and not forgetting the duty you owe to the publick.</p>
<p>The Jury retired for a short time, and returned with a Verdict,</p>
<p>FRANCIS HUBBARD, alias NOBLE,
<rs id="t17920329-26-verdict146" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-26-verdict146" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17920329-26-punish147" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-26-punish147" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-punish147" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="deathAndDissection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-26-defend243 t17920329-26-punish147"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person290"> JAMES JONES
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person290" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person290" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , alias PASTE, alias DEACON,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person291"> JAMES ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person291" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person291" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , alias OGDEN,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person292"> JOHN BAILEY
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person292" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person292" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , alias TAYLOR, alias DISDALL,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person293"> JAMES SAVAGE
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person293" type="surname" value="SAVAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person293" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person294"> PETER DOUGLAS
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person294" type="surname" value="DOUGLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person294" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person295"> JAMES FRERE
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person295" type="surname" value="FRERE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person295" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920329-26-person296"> JOHN CARRYL
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person296" type="surname" value="CARRYL"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person296" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-26-verdict148" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-26-verdict148" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person297"> JAMES JONES
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person297" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person297" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17920329-26-person298"> JAMES ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person298" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person298" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>NOT GUILTY.</p>
<p>on the Coroner's Inquisition.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>Clerk of the Arraigns.
<persName id="t17920329-26-person299"> Francis Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person299" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person299" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise Noble, hold up your hand; you stand convicted of the wilful murder of Jordan Hosty; what have you to say why the Court should not give you judgement to die, according to law?</p>
<p>(Proclamation made.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person300"> LORD KENYON
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person300" type="surname" value="KENYON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person300" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> passed sentence, as follows:</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-26-person301"> Francis Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person301" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person301" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the absence of the learned officer to whose share it generally falls to discharge the last, a most troublesome part of the duty belonging to those who execute criminal justice, my duty to the publick is not yet discharged; there remains for me still to discharge a most unwelcome task, which the necessity of the case has imposed upon me: the case has been recently given in evidence in this crouded Court, and in your hearing; all the circumstances of aggravation that belong to it are fresh in every person's mind; it would be to no purpose to go through them, in order to impress it; and I hope they have sufficiently impressed themselves on your mind, who are so seriously to answer for them: it becomes me still, out of humanity, to say a few words to you; as this case, so developed as it has been by evidence, has undoubtedly shut the gates of mercy against you on this side the grave; and by the wisdom of the law you are soon to appear at the tribunal of God, where your unalterable fate will be fixed for ever; you are going at a short period from this time into the presence of your eternal Judge; yet such is the mercy of the Judge whom you are to meet, that even this time, well employed, one would hope, might intitle you to mercy from him, who will see what the repentance is that deserves mercy; but you must not lose one minute of the short time, which the law has allotted you, to pass, without turning your mind to your eternal state, not only with the assistance that you will have, to make your peace with God; and if so, the judgement of the law in your temporal state will not be of vast importance to you, if you can insure your salvation in the more durable state: I shall have discharged the whole of my duty when I have pronounced against you the judgement of the law; and the judgement of the law,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290027"/>and the sentence of the Court, is, That you,
<persName id="t17920329-26-person302"> Francis Hubbard
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person302" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person302" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-26-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , be on Monday next taken to the place of execution, and there hanged by the neck till you are dead, and your body afterwards to be dissected and anatomized, pursuant to the statute; and the Lord have mercy upon you!</p>
<p>Prisoner. Gentlemen, please to hear me speak; all the gentlemen in this Court are properly convinced that I am a dead man; I have it not to answer for; I forgive every body that has sworn against me; I am a dead man: as to Mrs. Carey, I forgive her for it; but I am a dead man.</p>
<p>The rest of the prisoners left at the bar.</p>
<p>Mr. Garrow. My Lord, there are charges against all these persons for offences less than this, but for dangerous crimes, and I must apply to your Lordship that they may be detained.</p>
<p>Lord Kenyon. Let all the rest be detained.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-27">
<interp inst="t17920329-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-27-off149-c242" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-defend304 t17920329-27-off149 t17920329-27-verdict154"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-27-off149-c243" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-defend306 t17920329-27-off149 t17920329-27-verdict154"/>
<p>185.
<persName id="t17920329-27-defend304" type="defendantName"> JOHN WILLIAM LOWE
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend304" type="surname" value="LOWE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend304" type="given" value="JOHN WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend304" type="age" value="21"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17920329-27-defend306" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH BARTRAM
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend306" type="surname" value="BARTRAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend306" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend306" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-defend306" type="age" value="35"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-27-off149" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-27-off149" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-off149" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17920329-27-victim308" type="victimName"> John Robinson
<interp inst="t17920329-27-victim308" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-victim308" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-victim308" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-off149 t17920329-27-victim308"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17920329-27-viclabel150" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-victim308 t17920329-27-viclabel150"/>; about the hour of twelve in the night, on the
<rs id="t17920329-27-cd151" type="crimeDate">26th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-off149 t17920329-27-cd151"/> last, and burglariously stealing therein three bacon hams, value 18 s. and 16 lb. weight of bacon, value 6 s. </rs> his property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person309"> JOHN TOMM
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person309" type="surname" value="TOMM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lived with Mr. Robinson, at
<placeName id="t17920329-27-crimeloc152">Sion-hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-crimeloc152" type="placeName" value="Sion-hill"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-crimeloc152" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-off149 t17920329-27-crimeloc152"/>, in the parish of
<placeName id="t17920329-27-crimeloc153">Isleworth</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-crimeloc153" type="placeName" value="Isleworth"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-crimeloc153" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-off149 t17920329-27-crimeloc153"/>, on the 26th of February; I know the house was broke open; I only swear to the property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person310"> THOMAS FISHLOCK
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person310" type="surname" value="FISHLOCK"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person310" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a carter to the Hon. Mr. Robinson; I was in company with the prisoners on Sunday evening, at eight o'clock, at the Hare and Hounds, Wood-Green, about three or four hundred yards off; I was in the house from seven to eight, and left them there drinking; they had both smock frocks on.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person311"> JOHN HORWOOD
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person311" type="surname" value="HORWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person311" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live with Mr. Robinson; I take care of the house in the day-time; I locked it up between five and six that evening; the bacon was there then; I gave the keys to the steward, Mr. Atkinson; me and two of my fellow-servants went to the public-house; Mr. Atkinson, the steward, was at the dwelling-house, the farm-house; the drying-house, which was broke open, was within the wall which surrounds the house; we came back about eight, and went to supper at Mr. Robinson's house; we went to bed about nine; in the morning, between seven and eight, I saw a ham that was left lay on the floor; the door was safe and locked, the same as I left it; there is no window to it, only a bit of a shutter; I saw the slates were pulled off, and thrown on the green; I missed some bacon, I could not tell how much; I had been there that night; there were three hams and a small flitch gone that was between the hams; they are here.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person312"> WILLIAM ATKINSON
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person312" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person312" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I had the keys in the night, which the man delivered to me.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person313"> RICHARD GOSS
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person313" type="surname" value="GOSS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person313" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am watchman in the parish of Acton: about a quarter past two, I met a waggoner, who informed me of two thieves; and a waggon came past, and then another, and the prisoners were at top of the third waggon, a hay waggon; it was then about half past two, the 27th of February; one of the prisoners (Lowe) swore an oath, and said he should lose a good place, for he should have been at Grosvenor-square, and afterwards he said to the Fleet-market; he had two hind hams and a fore ham, and a piece of bacon tied up in a cloth; I called for a pen and ink, and set it down, and Lowe said, it is a drunken frolick, we stole the hams, and if you will let me have the little ham, you shall have the others between you; Lowe had a smock frock on, Bartram had not; I said I could not; here is a watch I wish to return to the prisoner Bartram (returned
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290028"/>it); Bartram said nothing, he was asleep pretty near all the time;
<persName id="t17920329-27-person314"> Edward Witt
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person314" type="surname" value="Witt"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person314" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was at my assistance.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person315"> EDWARD WITT
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person315" type="surname" value="WITT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person315" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Confirmed the above account, and added, In the morning, about five,
<persName id="t17920329-27-person316"> William Lowe
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person316" type="surname" value="Lowe"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person316" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> called me out, and offered me the things to let him go.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-27-person317"> EDMUND NORRIS
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person317" type="surname" value="NORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person317" type="given" value="EDMUND"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am headborough of Acton: I had custody of the two prisoners, and brought them to Bow-street.</p>
<p>(The hams and bacon produced by Goss, and deposed to by
<persName id="t17920329-27-person318"> John Tomm
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person318" type="surname" value="Tomm"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person318" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-27-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who swears to the large ham by two little nicks in the skin, and on the little ham there are three nicks and a place that is torn; I can safely take my oath they are Mr. Robinson's; I suppose they got into the place by unroofing a part of the house, first by tearing the wood out that was nailed down to the planks, and afterwards raising the slates of the house, and laying them separate on the green; then they tore off the lath: I saw the house in this situation next morning.</p>
<p>Horwood. It was all safe when I locked it up.</p>
<p>PRISONER LOWE's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I went down to see my brother, and stopped till ten, and coming up Hanwell-lane, about eighteen or nineteen yards on this side Hanwell-bridge, there was a smock frock and this property lay; I went and examined it, and a waggoner came by; I asked him to take it up; he said, no; next came by a flour waggoner, and he said he would not; next came by a hay farmer, and he said, we will take it and leave it at some public-house, that it may be owned.</p>
<p>Prisoner Bartram. I was with him when we picked it up.</p>
<p>Prisoner Lowe. Our witnesses are not here to-day.</p>
<p>John Horwood. The prisoner Bartram had a smock frock on at the public-house, which I cannot swear to.</p>
<p>Court. But at the time he had a smock frock on at the public-house, the hams were tied up in a smock frock? - Not at the public-house; he had a smock frock on.</p>
<p>JOHN WM. LOWE, (Aged 21,) JOSEPH BARTRAM, (Aged 35,)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-27-verdict154" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-27-verdict154" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17920329-27-punish155" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-27-punish155" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-defend304 t17920329-27-punish155"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-27-defend306 t17920329-27-punish155"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. Baron HOTHAM.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17920329-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<p>186.
<persName id="t17920329-28-defend320" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM MINER
<interp inst="t17920329-28-defend320" type="surname" value="MINER"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-defend320" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-defend320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-28-off156" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-28-off156" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-off156" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t17920329-28-victim322" type="victimName"> John Brice
<interp inst="t17920329-28-victim322" type="surname" value="Brice"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-victim322" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-victim322" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-28-off156 t17920329-28-victim322"/> </persName> , on the king's highway, on the
<rs id="t17920329-28-cd157" type="crimeDate">18th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-28-off156 t17920329-28-cd157"/>, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person and against his will, one silver watch, value 50 s. one steel watch chain, value 6 d. one seal, value 6 d. a metal seal, value 4 d. a key, value 1 d. </rs> his property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-28-person323"> JOHN BRICE
<interp inst="t17920329-28-person323" type="surname" value="BRICE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-person323" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 18th of March, about ten o'clock in the evening, my brother and me were turning the corner of
<placeName id="t17920329-28-crimeloc158">Great Newport-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-crimeloc158" type="placeName" value="Great Newport-street"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-crimeloc158" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-28-off156 t17920329-28-crimeloc158"/>, and the prisoner came behind my brother and just snatched my watch out of my pocket; a silver watch and key, and two seals, as mentioned in the indictment: I have no doubt of the prisoner: he gave the watch to another man; I saw him; the man stood in the kennel; but I took the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-28-person324"> THOMAS WALEY
<interp inst="t17920329-28-person324" type="surname" value="WALEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-person324" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-28-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>My brother-in-law and me were walking along and the prisoner came round me and snatched the watch from him.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was coming from Soho-square, from Knox's; one of these gentlemen ran against me; he seemed in liquor; he said he had lost his watch, and took hold of me and took me to St. Martin's watch-house; I was searched, and nothing was found upon me.</p>
<p>Court. Were you, either of you, in liquor? - I was not, nor my brother.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I hope I shall be permitted to go for an East India Soldier.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-28-verdict159" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-28-verdict159" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17920329-28-punish160" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-28-punish160" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-28-defend320 t17920329-28-punish160"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17920329-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<interp inst="t17920329-29" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-29-off161-c259" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-defend325 t17920329-29-off161 t17920329-29-verdict166"/>
<p>187.
<persName id="t17920329-29-defend325" type="defendantName"> JENKINS RADFORD
<interp inst="t17920329-29-defend325" type="surname" value="RADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-defend325" type="given" value="JENKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-defend325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-29-off161" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-29-off161" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-off161" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t17920329-29-victim326" type="victimName"> Mary,
<rs id="t17920329-29-viclabel162" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-victim326 t17920329-29-viclabel162"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-person327 t17920329-29-viclabel162"/> of
<persName id="t17920329-29-person327" type="victimName"> John Lewin
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person327" type="surname" value="Lewin"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person327" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person327" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-victim326" type="surname" value="Lewin"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-victim326" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-victim326" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17920329-29-cd163" type="crimeDate">21st of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-off161 t17920329-29-cd163"/>, and putting her in fear, and feloniously taking from her person and against her will, one silk petticoat, value 2 s. one cotton handkerchief, value 6 d. and two pieces of silk, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-29-victim329" type="victimName"> John Lewin
<interp inst="t17920329-29-victim329" type="surname" value="Lewin"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-victim329" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-victim329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-29-person330"> MARY LEWIN
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person330" type="surname" value="LEWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person330" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person330" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of
<persName id="t17920329-29-person331"> John Lewin
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person331" type="surname" value="Lewin"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person331" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he is a
<rs id="t17920329-29-viclabel164" type="occupation">coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-victim329 t17920329-29-viclabel164"/>. I was robbed of the things in the indictment; I was going home; I was in
<placeName id="t17920329-29-crimeloc165">Green-street, Grosvenor-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-crimeloc165" type="placeName" value="Green-street, Grosvenor-square"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-crimeloc165" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-off161 t17920329-29-crimeloc165"/>, about seven at night; I think it was the prisoner; I run after him, and was very nigh taking him, but a man came and hit me a blow on the back of the neck, and pushed me
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290031"/>against the wall; I continued the pursuit, and the prisoner was taken in ten minutes with the bundle, in North-row; he threw the bundle over the pales; he was never out of my sight till the people surrounded him; but I could not swear to his face, because I never saw it; he snatched the bundle off at once.</p>
<p>Court. Nothing passed before? - No. I know the things to be mine; some of the silk was dropped, and found by a man in Green-street; and one piece is missing.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-29-person332"> JAMES AYRES
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person332" type="surname" value="AYRES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person332" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took the prisoner in North-row; I saw him throw the bundle over the pails; this is the bundle.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-29-verdict166" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-29-verdict166" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-verdict166" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods but not violently from the person </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-29-person333"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person333" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person333" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-29-person333" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-29-punish167" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-29-punish167" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-29-defend325 t17920329-29-punish167"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17920329-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30" type="year" value="1792"/>
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<p>188.
<persName id="t17920329-30-defend335" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BAYLEY
<interp inst="t17920329-30-defend335" type="surname" value="BAYLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-defend335" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-defend335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-30-off168" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-30-off168" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-off168" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17920329-30-cd169" type="crimeDate">17th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-30-off168 t17920329-30-cd169"/>, one watch, the inside and outside cases made of base metal, gilt with gold, value 4 l. one steel watch chain, value 2 s. one stone seal, value 12 d. a key, value 1 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17920329-30-victim337" type="victimName"> William Studley
<interp inst="t17920329-30-victim337" type="surname" value="Studley"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-victim337" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-victim337" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-30-off168 t17920329-30-victim337"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-30-person338"> WILLIAM STUDLEY
<interp inst="t17920329-30-person338" type="surname" value="STUDLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-person338" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am
<rs id="t17920329-30-viclabel170" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-30-victim337 t17920329-30-viclabel170"/> to one Squire Thistleworth. I knew the prisoner last year at Brighton and at Richmond. The prisoner was out of place, and he came to beg a bit of victuals; and I left my watch with my fellow servant to get myself ready; the watch was sold to another person; I never saw it in the custody of the prisoner.</p>
<p>ISRAEL LEVY sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner came last Saturday was a week, about nine o'clock, to my shop, No. 11, Cockspur-street, and offered this watch; I was called, and refused to buy it; he cried, and said it was all he had left, he been indiscreet enough to lose all his money by insurance, and wanted to go to his friends; I bought it of him, and gave him a guinea and a half for it; that was the full value; I am certain I bought it of the prisoner.</p>
<p>(The watch deposed to.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-30-person339"> WILLIAM RICKETT
<interp inst="t17920329-30-person339" type="surname" value="RICKETT"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-person339" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-30-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was fellow servant with the prosecutor; he delivered it into my hands to get my master's horses ready; I put it into my pocket, and at twelve I put it into a cupboard in the stable, and about six I went to dinner, and returned about seven; the watch was in the cupboard; then I let in the prisoner, and gave him some victuals; he staid in the stable with me a good while, and went away, and in five minutes after I missed the watch; no other person was there during the time, till after the watch was missing.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have nobody to my character in the world.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-30-verdict171" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-30-verdict171" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Lord KENYON.</p>
<p>Court to prisoner. Where do you come from? - Out of Hertfordshire.</p>
<p>Court. If any mercy is shewn you I hope you will be grateful in future, and behave like a good member of society.</p> </div1>
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<p>189.
<persName id="t17920329-31-defend341" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH BOOTH
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<interp inst="t17920329-31-defend341" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-defend341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-31-off172" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-31-off172" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-off172" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t17920329-31-victim343" type="victimName"> Edward Howarth
<interp inst="t17920329-31-victim343" type="surname" value="Howarth"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-victim343" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-victim343" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-31-off172 t17920329-31-victim343"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17920329-31-viclabel173" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-31-victim343 t17920329-31-viclabel173"/> on the king's highway, on the
<rs id="t17920329-31-cd174" type="crimeDate">29th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-31-off172 t17920329-31-cd174"/> last, and putting him in fear, and feloniously taking from his person and against his will, one horizontal watch, capped and jewelled, the inside and outside cases both made of base metal gilt with gold, value 16 l. one silk ribbon, value 1 d. one seal, value 2 d. one key, value 2 d. </rs> his property.</p>
<p>(The case opened by Mr. Schoen.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-31-person344"> EDWARD HOWORTH
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person344" type="surname" value="HOWORTH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person344" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Wednesday evening, the 29th of February, I was walking down
<placeName id="t17920329-31-crimeloc175">James-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-crimeloc175" type="placeName" value="James-street"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-crimeloc175" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-31-off172 t17920329-31-crimeloc175"/>;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="179203290032"/>I observed three men; they came up to me and pushed me, not a very violent push, but so as to make me stagger; and the prisoner came and took my watch out of my fob, and he spread both his hands, and at that time I observed a man on each side of him; it was done so instantaneously, like a trick of Breslaw's, I could not prevent him; he ran up James-street; I pursued him; he crossed Long-acre, and at the corner of Cross-lane he either fell or stooped; I ran with great violence, and fell over him six yards; I followed him in a strait line: he ran obliquely up Cross-lane, and turned down Phoenix-alley; with this disadvantage I was, I dare say, ten yards behind him, and I then called out stop thief! in the alley I saw him fall; I seized him, took him to the watch-house, and the watchman examined him: it was not the man at the bar that pushed me, it seemed to be a joint push with the other two men; at that moment the prisoner came up and took my watch: I certainly never lost sight of him from the time he took my watch to the time he fell and was taken: when he was taken to the watch-house he said, Sir, you are extremely dirty; and so I was; he said, if I had been the man I should have been as dirty as you; I asked him why he ran away, if he was not the man? he said he wished to help me: I certainly saw nobody running besides the prisoner: the watch has never been found.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17920329-31-person345"> JOHN KNOX
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person345" type="surname" value="KNOX"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person345" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Wednesday, the 29th of February, a little after ten at night, I heard the cry of stop thief! a man came by, and I knocked him down, and Captain
<persName id="t17920329-31-person346"> Howorth
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person346" type="given" value="Howorth"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person346" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> came up and fell over him; he was taken to the watch-house, and nothing was found upon him; I did not see any body else running at that time.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was going down Phoenix-alley, and there was a cry of stop thief! and they saw me meanly dressed and took me.</p>
<p>Court to prosecutor. You have not a doubt of the man? - Not the least doubt.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17920329-31-verdict176" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-31-verdict176" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17920329-31-punish177" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-31-punish177" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-31-defend341 t17920329-31-punish177"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17920329-31-person347"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person347" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person347" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-31-person347" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Court to prisoner. What has been your way of life? - Selling things about the streets.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17920329-32">
<interp inst="t17920329-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32" type="year" value="1792"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17920329"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32" type="date" value="17920329"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17920329-32-off178-c277" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-32-defend349 t17920329-32-off178 t17920329-32-verdict181"/>
<p>190.
<persName id="t17920329-32-defend349" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH WARE
<interp inst="t17920329-32-defend349" type="surname" value="WARE"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32-defend349" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32-defend349" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32-defend349" type="age" value="19"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17920329-32-off178" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17920329-32-off178" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32-off178" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously and feloniously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17920329-32-victim351" type="victimName"> Charles Cook
<interp inst="t17920329-32-victim351" type="surname" value="Cook"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32-victim351" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17920329-32-victim351" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17920329-32-off178 t17920329-32-victim351"/> </persName> , about the hou