<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILY, On Wednesday the 20th of February, 1782, and the following Days,
<p>Being the THIRD SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble.
<persName id="f17820220-1-person1"> WILLIAM PLOMER
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person1" type="surname" value="PLOMER"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person2"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person2" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person2" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Printed for the PROPRIETOR
<persName id="f17820220-1-person3"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person3" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person3" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and sold by him at No. 4, Dean Street, Fetter-Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17820220-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM PLOMER
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person4" type="surname" value="PLOMER"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. LORD MAYOR of the City of London; the Hon. Mr. Justice GOULD; and the Hon. Mr. Justice NARES, two of the Judges of the Court of Common Pleas; and the Hon. Mr. Baron PERRYN, one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer; Mr. Justice BULLER, one of the Justices of the Court of King's Bench;
<persName id="f17820220-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES ADAIR
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person5" type="surname" value="ADAIR"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person5" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Serjeant at Law, Recorder; and other his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Goal Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hartly
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person6" type="surname" value="Hartly"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person6" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Henry Cole
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person7" type="surname" value="Cole"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person7" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Peter Poe
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person8" type="surname" value="Poe"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person8" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person9" type="jurorName"> William How
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person9" type="surname" value="How"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person9" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person10" type="jurorName"> John Elias Jacquery
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person10" type="surname" value="Elias Jacquery"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Daniel Kearne
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person11" type="surname" value="Kearne"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person11" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person12" type="jurorName"> David Layng
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person12" type="surname" value="Layng"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person12" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Charles Simpson
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person13" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person13" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Thomas Todd
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person14" type="surname" value="Todd"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person14" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Dovers
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person16" type="jurorName"> William Tilsley
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person16" type="surname" value="Tilsley"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person16" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Strutt
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person17" type="surname" value="Strutt"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person18" type="jurorName"> John White
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person18" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person18" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Joseph Hobbs
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person19" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person20" type="jurorName"> James Ward
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person20" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Robert Winkworth
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person21" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Thomas Neal
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person22" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Robert Sudlow
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person23" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Joseph Babb
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person24" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person25" type="jurorName"> William Morris
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person25" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person25" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person26" type="jurorName"> George Groome
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person26" type="surname" value="Groome"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person26" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Thomas Alsop
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person27" type="surname" value="Alsop"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person27" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Abbot
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person28" type="surname" value="Abbot"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Thomas Tupp
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person29" type="surname" value="Tupp"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person29" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person30" type="jurorName"> William Seymore
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person30" type="surname" value="Seymore"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person30" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Richard Carr
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person31" type="surname" value="Carr"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person31" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Richard Beck
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person32" type="surname" value="Beck"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person32" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person33" type="jurorName"> William Burgess
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person33" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person34" type="jurorName"> John Godfrey
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person34" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person35" type="jurorName"> William Sacheverel
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person35" type="surname" value="Sacheverel"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person35" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person36" type="jurorName"> William Sharman
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person36" type="surname" value="Sharman"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person36" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person37" type="jurorName"> James Gilleth
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person37" type="surname" value="Gilleth"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person37" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person38" type="jurorName"> John Burks
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person38" type="surname" value="Burks"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person38" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Robert Davy
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person39" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person40" type="jurorName"> Alexander Heming
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person40" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17820220-1-person41" type="jurorName"> George Burriston
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<interp inst="f17820220-1-person41" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17820220-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17820220-1-defend43" type="defendantName"> SARAH FROST
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<persName id="t17820220-1-victim45" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Mines
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-1-victim45 t17820220-1-viclabel2"/>, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and taking from her person, one linen gown, value 5 s. a pair of stays, value 5 s. a callico petticoat, value 8 s. a flannel petticoat, value 2 s. a silk hat, 6 d. a linen pocket, value 6 d. and 3 s. 6 d. in money; the goods and monies of the said
<persName id="t17820220-1-person46"> Elizabeth Mines
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<persName id="t17820220-1-person47"> ELIZABETH MINES
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<p>I know the prisoner at the bar, I saw her at the time she robbed me and stripped me.</p>
<p>Tell your story.</p>
<p>I went out after some sugar-candy, I lived at Mr. Stanley's at that time, in Chick-lane, her sister and the maid was in, this was on the Sunday night, the 16th of December last, it was rather late in the evening, Mr. Stanley was very ill, like to die, is since dead; I saw a young man, and asked him where they sold it, he told me to come with him, he took me up an Alley,
<placeName id="t17820220-1-crimeloc3">Murphy's Alley</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-1-off1 t17820220-1-crimeloc3"/>, and said, some people there sold it, and would get up if they were abed; when we came to the middle of the alley, he whistled, & several girls came round me, I am sure the woman at the bar insulted me first, and asked me, what I wanted with her man; I never saw her before; she stood the longest by me, and nearest me, and most active in stripping me; it might be about eleven o'clock; there is a lamp in the alley, it was not quite dark; I began to tell them I knowed nothing of him, they began to strip me, they left me nothing but my shoes and stockings, and my shift, and pattens, there were more, they all concurred; one of my pattens came off, I said, for God's sake, don't take every thing from me, she said, blast my eyes, if I made any noise, she would cut my bloody eyes out; after they took every thing they went away, one woman by, said, pray don't take her shift for decency, I said, pray give me something to put over my head, they returned me one handkerchief I had in my pocket; I went away, a woman came up the alley, and asked what was the matter, I told her, she took me and put me into a room, and bid me stop; I had an old petticoat and bed-gown brought me, I stopped there till day light, then I went home.</p>
<p>When did you see her after? - When I came out of the alley I took particular notice of the place, I went and told Mrs. Stanley, they directed me to Mr. Blackborrow's, they took
<persName id="t17820220-1-person48"> John Tate
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person48" type="surname" value="Tate"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person48" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and about a week after the last trial, they took this woman, I was sent for to the justice's, and they came and asked if I knowed the person.</p>
<p>When you came to the office you was shewn the prisoner at the bar? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was she then alone or in company? - By herself; they asked me if I knowed that person, I said, yes, that is the person that robbed me; Mr. Blackborrow asked, if I was sure of it, I said yes; I am now certain the prisoner at the bar was the person, if I was not certain I would say no such thing.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination by Counsel.</p>
<p>I am a widow, I am a
<rs id="t17820220-1-viclabel4" type="occupation">lace-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-1-victim45 t17820220-1-viclabel4"/>, and sometimes I get my bread by needlework, I lived at Mr. Stanley's a week or fortnight after Lord Mayor's day.</p>
<p>You swore you was servant to her? - I said I lived there.</p>
<p>Was you servant? - I was a weekly servant, not otherwise; I went out to buy sugar-candy by Mrs. Stanley's orders; I went home in the morning as soon as light, it was in Murphy's alley, about a quarter of a mile from it, I did not know where I was nor the way home, I knew nothing of a reward upon conviction of this woman, till after she was taken up; I want no reward, I want nothing but justice; I never saw her before, I think it was the 16th of November, and a fortnight after the last trial I saw her again; she took the things to
<persName id="t17820220-1-person49"> Hannah Arnold
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person49" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person49" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person49" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , to pawn, I don't know what was found,
<persName id="t17820220-1-person50"> Hannah Arnold
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person50" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person50" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person50" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said, this woman pawned them; it was only a glimmering light, it is a long slip of an alley; there is a lamp to the best of my knowledge, there was a glimmering light only; I never gave no other account of this than the truth; she told the justice, I said I was with a man who robbed me.</p>
<p>Court. You was an occasional servant? - Yes; after the sister was ill, and maid, I did the work; Mr. Stanley was ill in a decline, he is since dead; the sugar-candy was for him, Mrs. Stanley told me.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-1-person51"> THOMAS ISAAC
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<p>I am a constable of Clerkenwell parish, I had an information against Tate, Arnold, Ing, and Frost, for a robbery, amongst the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200004"/> others the prisoner at the bar; upon the 17th of December, in the evening, I took Tate, Mrs. Mines gave me a description; the prisoner at the bar was one of the parties, she heard it from what Tate said, I know nothing that Frost was concerned but by information of the other parties.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-1-person52"> MARGARET DARLING
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<p>I know
<persName id="t17820220-1-person53"> Elizabeth Mines
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person53" type="surname" value="Mines"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person53" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person53" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; she went out on Sunday night at seven o'clock, I was in the house at the time, at my mistress's, the cook's shop, Mrs. Stanley's; she went out at seven o'clock, not eleven o'clock; she had lived there three weeks, I was servant there; she was not at home at eleven o'clock at night, she did not go out at eleven o'clock to buy sugar-candy for Mr. Stanley, she came home at eight o'clock on the Monday morning; she went to Clerkenwell green, and was enticed into a house in White's alley by
<persName id="t17820220-1-person54"> Samuel Taylor
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person54" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person54" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and he stood over her with a cutlass; there was a bed there, and she laid in the house all night in a lower room there.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-1-person55"> ELIZABETH STANLEY
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person55" type="surname" value="STANLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person55" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person55" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know
<persName id="t17820220-1-person56"> Elizabeth Mines
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person56" type="surname" value="Mines"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person56" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person56" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , she was a lodger at my house on the 16th of December, and never was a servant; she was not employed at eleven o'clock on Sunday night to go out and buy sugar-candy for my husband; White's alley is about twenty doors up Saffron-hill; when she came home in the morning, she said she was robbed in White's alley; I sent her to a Mr. Ravenscroft's; when she came back, she said one
<persName id="t17820220-1-person57"> Sam. Taylor
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person57" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person57" type="given" value="Sam."/>
<interp inst="t17820220-1-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> enticed her up an alley; she did not, on her oath, go out at eleven at night to buy sugar-candy for my husband.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron PERRYN.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-2">
<interp inst="t17820220-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-2-off6-c56" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-defend59 t17820220-2-off6 t17820220-2-verdict11"/>
<persName id="t17820220-2-defend59" type="defendantName"> EDWARD WILKINS
<interp inst="t17820220-2-defend59" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-defend59" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-defend59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-2-off6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously making an assault upon
<persName id="t17820220-2-victim61" type="victimName"> John Morant
<interp inst="t17820220-2-victim61" type="surname" value="Morant"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-victim61" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-victim61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-off6 t17820220-2-victim61"/> </persName> , in the King's high way, on the
<rs id="t17820220-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">15th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-off6 t17820220-2-cd7"/> last, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person a silk purse, of the value of 6 d. a leather pocket-book, value 5 s. a stone ring, set in gold, value 5 l. and two guineas and five shillings, the goods and monies of the said
<persName id="t17820220-2-person62"> John Morant
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person62" type="surname" value="Morant"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person62" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person63"> JOHN MORANT
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person63" type="surname" value="MORANT"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person63" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was robbed on the 15th of January, between five and six in the evening, between
<placeName id="t17820220-2-crimeloc8">Bayswater</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-crimeloc8" type="placeName" value="Bayswater"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-crimeloc8" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-off6 t17820220-2-crimeloc8"/> and
<placeName id="t17820220-2-crimeloc9">Tyburn turnpike</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-crimeloc9" type="placeName" value="Tyburn turnpike"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-crimeloc9" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-off6 t17820220-2-crimeloc9"/>; I had been out a hunting that day, I was in a chaise; there were two men in company with the prisoner; one stood at the horse's head, the other two came up to the chaise, and robbed me of my ring and pocket-book and money; it was just dark, I could not distinguish the men's faces, it was not light enough, it was so dark I could not see to distinguish their pistols; I lost a ring, a purse of silk, brown and gold, two guineas in it, and some silver they took out of my pocket; the ring was a Cameo stone, an antique ring, set in gold; I drove home after they robbed me, I got home before six o'clock, about ten minutes after the robbery, I live in Park-lane: when I dined, Mr. Briggs came and brought this man to me; they said they had a highwayman at the door, that he had broke a butcher's cart; they asked me if they should take him to the justice, I said they might, but it was so dark I could not see their faces at all; I was sent for to the Justice's, and bound over to prosecute; I know no more of it; there was never any thing found again, I believe.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person64"> WILLIAM BRIGGS
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person64" type="surname" value="BRIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person64" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a butcher; I live in Whitechapel-road; I had been to Acton with some meat in a little cart, and coming by Tyburn turnpike there were two men came galloping by as fast as they possibly could come, towards Acton that road; I said to a little boy, I am afraid of mischief, we shall never be able to get away; one of them rode against the shafts of the cart with his horse, broke both shafts, threw his horse down,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200005"/> and throwed the rider I believe five or six yards; he called out for help, the people came out from the Swan and took him in, the Swan at Bayswater, and they took the prisoner in; when he had been in a little while, he begged to go out to ease himself, he was much hurt and stunned with the fall; I went in then, and enquired for the prisoner, they said he was gone out, as a man came in and talked of the robbery, I and three more went after him up the hill, he was going along, he had got up beyond Bayswater; when he came back, he would have paid me for the damage done my cart, I would not take it, as there was a report of a person being robbed; it then wanted about a quarter to six when he was brought back again; then we took him to Morant's in Park-lane; I did not know Mr. Morant, a person here said he heard it was Morant that was robbed, it was very near Bayswater he was robbed, he might come in two or three minutes to me; we all brought him to Bow-street office.</p>
<p>Court to Morant. You said, between Bayswater and Tyburn turnpike? - Yes; I was coming from Beconsfield.</p>
<p>Briggs. I was coming from Acton.</p>
<p>From Jury. Did you see their faces? - No.</p>
<p>Hepburn. I was at Bayswater, I and my man went out, I heard a terrible crack like a gun, I picked up the gentleman at the bar, he was stunned with the fall, I had him into the house by the arm, he begged as soon as he could speak, to go out to ease himself, I said to my man, don't let him come to any hurt, I put him in care of my man.</p>
<p>Briggs. He was searched at Bayswater, when I took him there were no arms about him.</p>
<p>Mr. SANDS sworn.</p>
<p>I know no farther than my master gave me charge of him, lest he should come to other harm; I said you will get into a ditch, he said I want to ease myself, I withdrew, he walked a good way up the road.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person65"> JOSEPH READ
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person65" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person65" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I had been in town for my master, Mr. Dawson, the wax chandler, Craven-hill; as I was going along, I saw these two men on horseback order the post boy to stop; about half way between Tyburn turnpike and Bayswater, about just dark then, they bid the post boy stop; the gentleman in the chaise bid him go on, and then they went close to him and stopt him, at the time of the robbery I heard somebody talk, I was on foot; I stopped a few minutes, I made a little way to the people talking, and told them there was a chaise stopt; before we got up to the chaise, the gentleman was robbed, these people were on foot; as soon as they had robbed the gentleman, they turned back, and went as swift as the horses could go towards Acton; when they passed by me, one said to the other, damn your eyes mind your fire. I was going home to my master's, just by Bayswater; it was not light enough, I could see partly the colour of the horses, they went so swift I could see nothing farther, I think they were of a bay colour; I was not five minutes before I got to Bayswater; when I came opposite the public house, I saw a light in the road, and the landlord and three or four people were standing round the horse that was thrown down, he was not quite dead, but he never got up any more, I could not see how the horse was hurt; they were talking of the force he came down with, I said that is the horse of one of the persons that robbed the gentleman on top of the hill; there was no other horse passed me at the time, I am sure of that; there is a house betwixt, but no other horse passed backward or forward; I mentioned it to the landlord of the public house, she said let us go and fetch him back, they had let him go off, I did not go up, but the landlord and Mr. Evans went up and fetched him back, I went with them to Mr. Morant's house.</p>
<p>What colour was the horse that was hurt by running against the cart? - A darkish bay; I told Mr. Morant what I have told in Court, and I told the Justice the same.</p>
<p>Court. What is the landlord's name at the inn? -
<persName id="t17820220-2-person66"> Benjamin Colley
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person66" type="surname" value="Colley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person66" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; the pistols were found the next morning.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200006"/>Counsel. What became of the horse? - The horse died.</p>
<p>How did you know that? - I saw him after he was dead; he died before we came back from the justice's, I made enquiry there are some houses.</p>
<p>You pursued him? - After what passed; I mentioned it; I never saw the gentleman, in the chaise at the time. I have seen Mr. Morant since; I work with Mr. Dawson of Crownhill, I had been in town that evening, and was going home, it was dark the road is the common breadth of above road there is no other between no other horse; passed me from the time they rode by will I came to him after when I say the colour of the horse I don't know the colour of the man's cloaths.</p>
<p>The horse you saw lying in the road was that like the colour of the horse that I passed by? - Yes.</p>
<p>How came you so know Mr. Morant was robbed? - We heard of it at the green man and still.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person67"> BENJAMIN COLLET
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person67" type="surname" value="COLLET"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person67" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Swan at Bayswater, I was in door, my little boy was out, he came in and told me, there was a man on horseback run against a cart. I went out and saw the man laying in the mud, Mr. Evans was helping him up, he had him in doors directly, I heard him say he should be glad to go out to ease himself, or get a little fresh air, he went out, I ordered the hostler to take care of the horse; the horse laid down at that time; I heard somebody talk there was a chaise robbed, the man we took up was gone away, and directly Evans, I, and Briggs, went up the hill after him, I ran before, catched him, and brought him back to our house; I went with him to Morant's, I asked the boy if it was a Beconsfield chaise that had been robbed, he told me Mr. Morant had; I went before the justice, I know nothing of the robbery; the next morning I and my man found two pistols, one on each side of the road, near my house, I have them in my pocket; he produced a pair.</p>
<p>Were they loaded? - Yes; to with a few large-size shot and a little powder.</p>
<p>You don't know what sized shot? - About the second size, I said; them by at the time, I could not find them to bring here, I am sure I found these pistols, I saw my man pick them up; it was about ten or twelve yards from the place where the horse lay they were just facing out through, the horse fell between our house and the turnpike.</p>
<p>Mr. Briggs. It was opposite the horse trough he ran against my cart it was a great deal. Tyburn turnpike than Acton, it was near the water trough To Collet. How far is the trough from your house. About four or five yards, as near as</p>
<p>Jury. Did the prisoner offer to run away when you went after him? - He did run.</p>
<p>Court. Did your witness say be eased himself? -</p>
<p>Mr. Sandys. I had hold of the prisoner's arm, he desired to go across the common road to safe himself, I did not go close to him, he kept on the road and did not come back again.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person68"> MOSES MORANT
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person68" type="surname" value="MORANT"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person68" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an officer, when he was brought into the office in Bow-street, I searched him, and found two guineas and two half guineas in his pocket, and in his waistcoat pocket a few grains of powder; it was amongst the dirt, I put it in the fire to see if it was powder or not; the next morning the pistols were brought; the powder was very wet in the pan and inside too, they had lain in the wet all night, I found the shot.</p>
<p>Collet. The pistols were stuck in two heaps of mud, it was too a wet night; the master of the public-house saw, the two guineas taken out of his pocket.</p>
<p>Morant. There was a bad shilling in his pocket.</p>
<p>I am as innocent of the robbery as the child unborn, I am a person that keeps a house in credit.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200007"/>For the Prisoner's character.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person69"> John Stock
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person69" type="surname" value="Stock"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person69" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the Magpye, Newgate-street, I know the prisoner from his infancy, he
<rs id="t17820220-2-deflabel10" type="occupation">keeps a barber's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-defend59 t17820220-2-deflabel10"/>, he is a master barber, he served his time in Holborn; he has a great deal of custom and has a good character.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person70"> Joseph Thompson
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person70" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person70" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a house in Bride-lane, have known him over since; he was born he is a barber has a very good character.</p>
<p>JOHN BROWN sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Holborn, he served his time with me, was very honest and sober, I have known him since, he has assisted me and my people, he always behaved honest and sober while with me, and I never heard any thing bad of him; I live next door to the Bell Inn in Holborn he lives on Snow-hill, corner of George-yard; I was satisfied of his honesty, and made him free of the city of London, always heard he had a good character.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person71"> MATHEW HILL
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person71" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person71" type="given" value="MATHEW"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a brazier in Shoe-lane, have known him eight or nine years, always had a good character, he has been set up in business about four or five years, I never heard any thing amiss of him.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person72"> William Hawkins
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person72" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person72" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a baker in Shoe-lane, I have known him eight or nine years, ever since I have been in the neighbourhood, about ten years, he has been employed constantly by me, always had a good character.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person73"> Charles Allen
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person73" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person73" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him for sixteen years, always had a good character; he kept a shop the corner of Plumb-tree Court, Shoe-lane, then went to Snow-hill.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person74"> Mathew Jenkinson
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person74" type="surname" value="Jenkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person74" type="given" value="Mathew"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> has known him from his infancy, shaved with him since he has been in business; never heard any thing amiss of him, but always had a good character as a sober diligent man.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-2-person75"> Jonathan Freke
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person75" type="surname" value="Freke"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person75" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-2-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Furnival's inn, have known him from a child, always had a good character, a very diligent, honest, sober man.</p>
<p>Mr. Morant called again. Said he bade the boy go on at the time they were stopt, as he had heard there were highwayman on the road, he put his head out, and bid him go on.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820220-2-punish12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-2-punish12" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-2-defend59 t17820220-2-punish12"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice NARES.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I beg for mercy, Gentlemen, as I am innocent of it.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-3">
<interp inst="t17820220-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<interp inst="t17820220-3" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-3-off13-c72" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-defend77 t17820220-3-off13 t17820220-3-verdict19"/>
<persName id="t17820220-3-defend77" type="defendantName"> ANTHONY EOKART
<interp inst="t17820220-3-defend77" type="surname" value="EOKART"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-defend77" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-defend77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-3-off13" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-3-off13" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-3-cd14" type="crimeDate">9th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-off13 t17820220-3-cd14"/>, five linen shirts, value 40 s. nineteen pair of cotton stockings, value 3 l. four pair of thread stockings, value 10 s. nine pair of silk stockings, value 3 l. a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. a case of instruments; of different values, the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-3-victim79" type="victimName"> Richard Onslow
<interp inst="t17820220-3-victim79" type="surname" value="Onslow"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-victim79" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-victim79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-off13 t17820220-3-victim79"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-3-viclabel15" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-victim79 t17820220-3-viclabel15"/>; in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17820220-3-person80"> John Lawton
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person80" type="surname" value="Lawton"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person80" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>Mr. ONSLOW sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner; the charge against him is robbing me, he belongs to the ship I command, and acts as my
<rs id="t17820220-3-deflabel16" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-defend77 t17820220-3-deflabel16"/>, he acted as my servant some months; I lost the things at my lodgings, Mr. Lawton's,
<placeName id="t17820220-3-crimeloc17">No. 3, Welbeck-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-crimeloc17" type="placeName" value="No. 3, Welbeck-street"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-crimeloc17" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-off13 t17820220-3-crimeloc17"/>; I had been there three or four days; there are many things.</p>
<p>( The prosecutor deposed to the things mentioned in the indictment.)</p>
<p>I paid 3 l. odd for the instruments, 40 s. is inferior to the value, I gave 7 s. a pair for the cotton stockings, valued at 3 l. in the indictment. On the 9th of February I rose about nine o'clock, I enquired for my servant, they said he went out as soon as he got up, that he had been out about an hour; I had lain my case of instruments on the mantle-piece, I missed that, I thought as he went out so early, he might have taken it; he had the key of the trunk, I was going out to breakfast, and did not trouble myself about the other things at that time; I went to breakfast with the younger or lady
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200008"/> Onslow, a few doors off; a message was sent to me that a person wanted to speak with me, I found that gentleman (Aldus) there, the pawnbroker; he asked me if I had been robbed that morning; I told him I missed a case of instruments, not having the key, I could not tell him whether I had lost any thing out; he asked me of what I had been robbed, I told him of sundry articles; he then told me he was in possession of the articles I mentioned, and that they were offered to him for sale by the prisoner at the bar; the pawnbroker told me he had taken the fellow, and carried him to Justice Gilbert's office; I immediately went to the office with Aldus; Justice Gilbert committed him, and bound me to prosecute; all the things were produced before Mr. Justice Gilbert, I swore to them there, I got the key of my trunk, Mr. Lawton gave it to me; Mr. Lawton came afterwards, Mrs. Lawton unlock'd it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was in liquor when I did it.</p>
<p>Mr. Onslow. I left the instrument case, when I dressed before dinner, on the mantle shelf; the prisoner was drunk when I went to bed.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-3-person81"> JOHN LAWTON
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person81" type="surname" value="LAWTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was gone into the city the morning Captain
<persName id="t17820220-3-person82"> Onslow
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person82" type="given" value="Onslow"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-3-person82" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> was robbed; when I came back Mrs. Lawton told me of it; I went down to Bow-street,
<rs id="t17820220-3-viclabel18" type="occupation">Captain</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-victim79 t17820220-3-viclabel18"/> Onslow left word for me to come; Capt. Onslow and Justice Gilbert were gone; I did not see the goods till I came to the pawnbroker, and then I saw them in the handkerchief, and the Captain said I am going to Admiral Keppel's to dinner, and desire you will step to the pawnbroker's for the key of my trunk; I went, and he gave me the key I delivered to Captain Onslow.</p>
<p>I had the key from Mr. Lawton; I was not present when it was opened, Mrs. Lawton opened it.</p>
<p>Aldus. I am a pawnbroker; on the 9th of February, about eight in the morning, the prisoner at the bar, brought the things mentioned in the indictment, to me, to pawn; the prisoner told me he brought them for one Mr. O'Brian, No. 52, High-street, Marybone, he had a livery hat on then, with a cockade, the shift and stockings are marked O, I thought he brought them right, I asked if his was up, he said as he was out last night, he did not suppose he was, that he desired him to pawn them for six guineas, I said, I dare say his master would not be angry, I would not give him the money, but would step home with him and see his master, to see that he was right, as there were a great many good things; he said he was very willing to go, I went with him to No. 52 first direction; when I came opposite he told me, my master lodges at that house, the windows are not open, they were done up; I told him I would go and look, I desired him to go with me to the house, to know if he lodged there, he said he would not go near the house, I said I would not leave him, but would come back with him when his master was up, that I should not part with him or the things till I see the right of it; going back, he pulls out this case of instruments, told me he was on board in a battle, and these instruments were given to him by a Dutch lieutenant, he said he would sell them for half a guinea, he pulled out the knives belonging to the case of instruments, I observed they were stampt Gray; Gray lives in Bond-street; I told him it was very odd he should have them from a Dutch lieutenant, when Gray lived in Bond-street, he said so it was; when we were coming home, I took the knives from him, and told him the things were not his, he called at Admiral Barrington's, and the boy seemed to know him, he asked for the butler, he was not up; I took him to Bow-street, and then I went back to No. 52, and they said, there was no such person lived there; I asked there if they knew the prisoner's name, they said no; I asked if they knew captain Onslow, they said no, there are two parcels of stockings wrote Onslow at length upon them, I went to admiral Barrington's, and they told me where captain Onslow lived, I went there and informed him I had got some of his property and the prisoner.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200009"/>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner in liquor? - No; perfectly sober when he came to my shop; he got a pint of beer going along in High-street, Marybone; the handkerchief and key were taken out of the prisoner's pocket, they were all offered to pawn, except the handkerchiefs; I have had them ever since.</p>
<p>Captain Onslow deposed they were his things which the pawnbroker produced.</p>
<p>I offered to pawn the things with the pawnbroker for two days, and then to take them out again; I have nothing else to say, I was persuaded by a person to pawn them for a few guineas for two days, and then the person was to give me the money back again, and I told the pawnbroker I was to take them out again in a day or two; I have no witnesses to call to my character, I am a German.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-3-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-3-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820220-3-punish20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-3-punish20" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-3-defend77 t17820220-3-punish20"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-4">
<interp inst="t17820220-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-4-off21-c77" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-4-defend84 t17820220-4-off21 t17820220-4-verdict25"/>
<persName id="t17820220-4-defend84" type="defendantName"> LUCIUS HUGHES
<interp inst="t17820220-4-defend84" type="surname" value="HUGHES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-defend84" type="given" value="LUCIUS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-defend84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-4-off21" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-4-off21" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-off21" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing, upon the 22d of January last, a gold watch, value 30 l. two gold seals, value 4 l. and a gold chain, value 5 l. the goods and chattels of his excellency
<persName id="t17820220-4-victim86" type="victimName"> Charles Christian Morris
<interp inst="t17820220-4-victim86" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-victim86" type="given" value="Charles Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-victim86" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-4-off21 t17820220-4-victim86"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-4-viclabel22" type="occupation">Baron de Kutzleben</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-4-victim86 t17820220-4-viclabel22"/>, privately from his person </rs>.</p>
<p>His Excellency
<persName id="t17820220-4-person87"> Baron KUTZLEBEN
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person87" type="surname" value="KUTZLEBEN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person87" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was robbed on the
<rs id="t17820220-4-cd23" type="crimeDate">22d of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-4-off21 t17820220-4-cd23"/> last, coming out of the
<placeName id="t17820220-4-crimeloc24">Opera-house</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-crimeloc24" type="placeName" value="Opera-house"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-crimeloc24" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-4-off21 t17820220-4-crimeloc24"/>, of my watch, which was gold, and two gold seals, and a gold watch chain; I was in company with the Dutchess of Pembroke, and Lady Kutzleben, there was a great crowd, and the horses striving to come up with the carriage, somebody touched me, two people called out, this is the man that took your watch; two constables took the prisoner at the bar into custody.</p>
<p>I don't know the person of the prisoner at the bar, I perceived when it was taking away, but did not perceive the prisoner at the bar, somebody touched me, but my watch was gone, I was close pressed, there was a great mob, it was in the street, going out of the Opera-house, I had no knowledge it was gone, till I felt and it was gone, I was pressed very close.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-4-person88"> GEORGE MURPHY
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person88" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person88" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at the Opera-house on a Tuesday, when this gentleman lost his watch, I was second chairman.</p>
<p>Look at the prisoner, Did you ever see him before? - Yes; that night at the Opera-house, he put his hand to that gentleman, (the prosecutor) and took the watch out of the gentleman's pocket, the gentleman said he had lost his watch, I took hold of the man and told the gentleman, this man has got your watch, the man let it drop, Adams picked up the watch, I did not see him pick it up.</p>
<p>I am an Irishman; it was about half past ten, near eleven, it was close to the opera-house door this happened, just as the gentleman came out; I was close to the Baron, and the two ladies by his side; there were about four people close together, I was plying for a fare, the coach ran up to me; I saw the prisoner take it, I took hold of him, I saw him take the watch from the gentleman's pocket, I was close to the Baron's shoulder, there was no croud on the lower side of the door between us, but there was on the other side; I saw him endeavouring to put the watch in his breeches, I delivered him to the constable.</p>
<p>Yon would swear this on the Cross as well as the Evangelist? - I would swear it on any cross, I would swear nothing but the truth; I cannot say that is the case of the watch he took away.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-4-person89"> THOMAS ADAMS
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person89" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person89" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a link lighter; the Dutchess of Bedford's coach was coming up, and another, two coachmen flogging their horses
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200010"/> against one another; there was a great noise; I saw him touch the chain, I cannot swear he took it out of the gentleman's; pocket; I heard the watch fall, and the glass broke, I pick'd it up, it was very dirty, I gave it into the lady's hands, dirty as it was; by the glimpse of the link I saw it laying on the ground, the case flew from the watch.</p>
<p>To the Baron. How long after the watch was found did you see it? - Very soon.</p>
<p>Is that your watch-case? - I believe it is, from the general shape and appearance; I suppose it is my watch.</p>
<p>Mr. HOUBLON sworn.</p>
<p>Look at the watch case, did you ever see that before? - Yes; I will take out the lining, and I can tell better; (he took it out) I made up that watch, but did not make the case, I sold it to the Baron Kutzleben, there is the mark of the case maker; that is the case I sold to the Baron.</p>
<p>To the Baron. Was that the case of the watch you purchased from that gentleman, and had in your pocket that evening? - I believe it is.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination of Houblon.</p>
<p>I have sold many cases of that sort and description; I judge of it by the maker's name; the watch was almost new, not made six months.</p>
<p>It is impossible you can tell the case without some private mark? - It is the case of my making up, I am positive it is what I sold the Baron; I know it from being a larger pattern than common, like a mock repeater, a large hole; it was like a mock repeater, a large hole to wind it up.</p>
<p>Will you take upon you to swear that is the case you sold to the Baron? - Yes; I am positive of it.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-4-person90"> SAMUEL WHITE
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person90" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person90" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was first chair at the opera door, the lanthorn in my hand, yesterday month, at half after ten o'clock at night; I observed they halloed out a watch was lost, I turned round, and saw it in the prisoner's hand,
<persName id="t17820220-4-person91"> Lucius Hughes
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person91" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person91" type="given" value="Lucius"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Court. What distance was you from the prisoner? - Very near, I did not see him take it, I thought it was gold by the glistening of the lanthern, I cannot tell gold from silver;
<persName id="t17820220-4-person92"> George Murphy
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person92" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person92" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had him by the collar, I went and gave assistance, he was delivered to the constable how he came by the watch I cannot tell, it might be his own.</p>
<p>At the time that I was accused of laying hold of this watch, of stealing it from his excellency, I could not tell it was him that spoke, at the time he said he had lost his watch, at the time he mentioned that, I was behind his excellency, and some persons I cannot tell who, laid hold of me, I was taken into custody, his excellency asked me for his watch, I told him I knew nothing of it, I desired he would take notice I made away with no property at all; I kept my hands upon his, I was taking a pinch of snuff just before, and some person took or knocked it out of my hand; White the chairman looked at me, and said, that is the man, I will swear it, I asked him what he would swear, and what man he took me for, he then said, you are the man that I saw take the watch from the lady's side; I imagine from his hearing Adams had picked it up, and gave it to a lady, he concluded, that was not the gentleman's but the lady's, and that he thought he had a right to swear any thing, as he might get an emolument to himself I suppose, that is all I know of it; on the 23d of January I was at Bow-street, White altered what he said upon the preceding evening, and he said then, that he saw me take the watch from the gentleman's pocket, on the Thursday I was had up to Bow-street for another hearing, his excellency did not attend; on Saturday the 26th, White, the chairman attended, he then swore he knew nothing of the matter, more than he saw the watch in my hand, which I believe to be the same he has given in at present; I hope you will take it into consideration, this man revising his testimony at the time I first asked him of it; Mr. Wright the sitting magistrate of Bow-street, asked if that was true, he then
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200011"/> denied it, and
<persName id="t17820220-4-person93"> Richard Mills
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person93" type="surname" value="Mills"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person93" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-4-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed it to be true, that he did say, he saw me take a watch from a lady's side, now he has not attended, I could not find where Mills lived, or I would have subpoenaed him, he is not here now, I was informed last night I should not be tried to-day.</p>
<p>From the Prisoner to the Baron.</p>
<p>Please your exellency, did Murphy the chairman accuse me of having robbed you of your watch, previous to your saying you had lost your watch? - I lost my watch; the chairman cried out, here is the man that took your watch.</p>
<p>The court were of opinion, the stealing privately was sufficiently made out, as the prosecutor did not know when it was taken.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-4-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-4-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820220-4-punish26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-4-punish26" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-4-defend84 t17820220-4-punish26"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried before Mr. Baron PERRYN, by the first Middlesex Jury.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-5">
<interp inst="t17820220-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-5-off27-c87" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-5-defend97 t17820220-5-off27 t17820220-5-verdict31"/>
<p>158, 159.
<persName id="t17820220-5-defend95" type="defendantName"> JANE SWEATMAN
<interp inst="t17820220-5-defend95" type="surname" value="SWEATMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-defend95" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-defend95" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820220-5-defend97" type="defendantName"> MARY HUMPHRIES
<interp inst="t17820220-5-defend97" type="surname" value="HUMPHRIES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-defend97" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-defend97" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for the
<rs id="t17820220-5-off27" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-5-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of
<persName id="t17820220-5-victim99" type="victimName"> John Thatcher
<interp inst="t17820220-5-victim99" type="surname" value="Thatcher"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-victim99" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-victim99" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-5-off27 t17820220-5-victim99"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17820220-5-cd28" type="crimeDate">28th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-5-off27 t17820220-5-cd28"/> last, by choaking, suffocating, and strangling him with a silk handkerchief, of which the said
<persName id="t17820220-5-person100"> John Thatcher
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person100" type="surname" value="Thatcher"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person100" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> did instantly die </rs>.</p>
<p>They were likewise charged with the same upon the Coroner's inquisition.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person101"> William Andrews
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person101" type="surname" value="Andrews"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person101" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> served as a juror, in the room of
<persName id="t17820220-5-person102"> Peter Poe
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person102" type="surname" value="Poe"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person102" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who was fined 5 l.)</p>
<p>(The prisoners desired the witnesses might be examined apart.)</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person103"> NICHOLAS WINDOVER
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person103" type="surname" value="WINDOVER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person103" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a painter, I knew the deceased; I lodged with
<persName id="t17820220-5-person104"> John Thatcher
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person104" type="surname" value="Thatcher"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person104" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> about two months before his decease, he lived in Calender's-yard, Long-alley, Moorfields, he was a
<rs id="t17820220-5-viclabel29" type="occupation">scale-beam maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-5-victim99 t17820220-5-viclabel29"/>. On the 28th of January, being Monday, he came to my house, No. 18, Peter-street, Halfmoon-alley; he said, I have bought a tune, will you be so good as to play the tune for me on your flute; he asked me to take a scale-beam home for him, it was a small one to weigh silver; I delivered it to a maker on Snowhill, we went together, he shewed me the door; I parted with him between six and seven, the clock had struck six, it must be half after six; I did not observe any handkerchief about his neck; he and I drank but one pint of beer; he was as sober as any man born; we parted at the One-tun door, at the corner, not very far from Eagle and child alley, the corner of the market and Snowhill.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person105"> JOHN BOTHWELL
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person105" type="surname" value="BOTHWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lived apprentice to
<persName id="t17820220-5-person106"> John White
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person106" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person106" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a bedstead maker, Fleet-market, the shop where I work is directly over the place where I found the man dead, the work-shop is in the alley; on Monday the 28th of January, between the hours of seven and eight in the evening, I went from the work-shop in
<placeName id="t17820220-5-crimeloc30">Eagle and Child alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-crimeloc30" type="placeName" value="Eagle and Child alley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-crimeloc30" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-5-off27 t17820220-5-crimeloc30"/>, I was obliged to go out, I returned in about a quarter of an hour, down the alley. I heard somebody in the passage No. 1, I did not concern myself then, passed the place, and went up to work, in two minutes I heard the whispering of two women, at that instant I did not hear what it was, I heard the door open, I instantly looked out of the window, I saw one of the women just come off the threshold of the door, and the other come out by the side of her; I have seen them both I am clear of it, up and down that alley before, it was as clear a moon-light night as ever was seen, it was a full moon, quite a bright night.</p>
<p>Look at those women, are they the same? - I am clear of it, I had heard Sweatman's name before, I had not heard the other, I heard one of the women say, it is, or it was dangerous, I cannot confine myself to which, nor which it was made use of the words; they stood as close as they could together in the passage, they might stay there a minute; they left that passage where the man lay, and went to the passage above in the said alley, to conceal themselves; I saw them go in, and while they were in it, there came down a woman of the name of Mary
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200012"/> Stebbing, she went into the passage where the women were, on her going in I saw the two women come out together, and they went past the place, down the alley, whispering together, I heard none of their expressions, as soon as they passed the place, I went down stairs, thought they were going to steal something, I put my hand against the door, it would not above half open; the passages leading to these houses, are inhabited by hard working persons, the premises belong to my master; there is a long passage, you cross a yard, it is no thoroughfare where the man was, it leads to the house, there are three passages, the alley is a thoroughfare that leads to them; I was then without a light, I went up stairs for my candle, I went down, and found a man laying on the ground with his breeches down, I took him by the hand and touched his forhead, found him very cold, and no appearance of life at all, with his breeches down, I did not examine into the cause of his death, I was frightened and went out of the passage to my master; we were consulting to get some assistance, or a surgeon, while we were speaking,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person107"> Mary Stebbings
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person107" type="surname" value="Stebbings"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person107" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person107" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came down the alley to us, there came then a sailor,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person108"> Edward Gatliff
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person108" type="surname" value="Gatliff"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person108" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , we all went into the passage together, a great many people gathered together, the young fellow the sailor went to him, and held up his head, I saw the handkerchief upon his neck,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person109"> Edward Gatliff
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person109" type="surname" value="Gatliff"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person109" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> untied it; I suppose it might be six or seven minutes from the time I first found him, before he untied the handkerchief; when I found him, I went immediately down to my master, and returned immediately back; I was present at taking the prisoners, the sailor, and Stebbings, and I, came out of the passage together, I told Gatliff I knew the women, we went down the alley, and crossed, and went into the White-hart, the corner of Bear alley, I sent
<persName id="t17820220-5-person110"> Mary Stebbings
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person110" type="surname" value="Stebbings"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person110" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person110" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> in first, she said they were both there, I went in and Gatliff followed, I took Sweatman and brought her out, and said, there is the other, he took her, I charged
<persName id="t17820220-5-person111"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person111" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person111" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person111" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> with what had passed, and how I had seen him; I asked them whether they did not go to the passage to hide themselves, and whether
<persName id="t17820220-5-person112"> Mary Stebbings
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person112" type="surname" value="Stebbings"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person112" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person112" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> did not see them there, Sweatman said, they had been in that passage, and went to ease themselves, not the passage where the man lay, that they went to ease themselves, but they had not been near the man; I told them I saw them go into the passage, but they said they had not been where the man lay; the constable took charge of them, and searched the deceased, he took out of his breeches pocket two sixpences, and he took a pair of buckles out of the left hand waistcoat pocket, and a handkerchief, and his pocket, book out of it.</p>
<p>From the prisoner Sweatman. Ask him if he did not come out with
<persName id="t17820220-5-person113"> Mary Stebbings
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person113" type="surname" value="Stebbings"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person113" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person113" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and ask which was the woman, and turn us round to see which was the women. Did not you say so to this woman? - Not at all; every body knows I said I was clear they were the women, there was no dispute arose concerning which they were, nor who they were, I am confident of.</p>
<p>Sweatman. Ask if he did not turn Humphries about, and said look at her, I am told they had two bed-gowns on? - No such words; I never turned her about and looked at her, I am confident and clear of it; I would not take a wrong woman, as there were more women in the place; as to any words I should make use of at that time, I know of none, concerning saying I did not know the woman; I was as clear of the women, and knew them both well, not only from seeing them then, but from hearing them use different expressions, I had known them for a long time past.</p>
<p>Prisoner Humphries. He and the other young man turned me round to examine me.</p>
<p>Witness. I believe I might look down at her cloaths to be clear of her dress and person.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person114"> EDWARD GATLIFF
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person114" type="surname" value="GATLIFF"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person114" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a sailor; I remember being in Eagle and child alley on Monday the 28th of last month, I was at the Eagle and child drinking; a woman came in, and said there was a murder committed in the next alley, in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200013"/>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person115"> Nan Clayton
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person115" type="surname" value="Clayton"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person115" type="given" value="Nan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's entry; this was one Caton,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person116"> Nan Caton
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person116" type="surname" value="Caton"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person116" type="given" value="Nan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person116" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> lived in the same house; I went down, and went to open the door, Bothwell was in it; when I went to look at the man, I saw him foaming at the mouth, I said he was strangled with his handkerchief, it was so tight I could not put my fingers in between it without raising the skin; I went to undo the handkerchief, the first knot was so tight I was obliged to take my teeth to it, I was five minutes about it, it was a cross-bar'd silk handkerchief; I was three minutes about the second, that was quite tight, the shirt was in wrinkles in his neck; I saw no appearance of marks of hurt or bruise about him; I opened his breast, and he was quite warm, I did not take notice, I took off the handkerchief, and unbuttoned his waistcoat; I came out of doors, and heard one say, I know where the women was, I desired them to go after them; Stebbing was afraid to go by herself, I went with Bothwell, he knew the two women directly, he fixed first on
<persName id="t17820220-5-person117"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person117" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person117" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person117" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , he looked at the other, (Humphries) and said that was the other they were both in the entry at the bar, I believe going to have some liquor; we took them before the constable came, I did not hear Bothwell charge them with any thing;
<persName id="t17820220-5-person118"> Mary Humphries
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person118" type="surname" value="Humphries"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person118" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said I was drunk to meddle with them, that she knew nothing at all of any thing.</p>
<p>What part of the neck were the knots of the handkerchief? - Just before, right upon the gullet; the apron was tied in the same way round his waist pretty tight, I fancy he tied that himself, that was in two knots, the same as the handkerchief was.</p>
<p>Where were you when you had this conversation with Humphries? - Coming up the end of the alley after we got out of the public house; all that was said was coming up the alley, she spoke to me at the White Hart, she said nothing to Bothwell, he said she had done something; she spoke to me when we were oery hear to the alley, there was no conversation at the White Hart, and nothing said till we came to the alley; she said, where was I dragging her to, she knew nothing at all of the affair.</p>
<p>She knew nothing of any thing were her words? - Yes; I carried them opposite to the door where the man was murdered, he was brought into the alley out of the entry; I know no more, but
<persName id="t17820220-5-person119"> Jenny Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person119" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person119" type="given" value="Jenny"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person119" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> told the other not to tremble.</p>
<p>When was that? - In the alley, at the same time, I believe they were then bringing him out of the house when she said that, the alley was full of people; when opposite the door, after the man was brought out and laid under the window, close to the house, she bid the other not to tremble; I examined the man's breast, I saw no marks, he was a little warm when I opened it.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person120"> MARY STEBBING
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person120" type="surname" value="STEBBING"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person120" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person120" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I get my bread by selling fish and oysters; on the 28th of January last, it was on a Monday evening, I was coming down for some wine and water; just as I came out,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person121"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person121" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person121" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person121" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820220-5-person122"> Mary Humphries
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person122" type="surname" value="Humphries"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person122" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were in the yard; I live in the alley; they said, how shall we get his cloaths off; I know one by name, the other by sight, I had known Sweatman some time about Fleet market, and the other by sight some time; when they saw me, they said, Mrs. Stebbing you need not be frightened, there is no man here but our two selves,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person123"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person123" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person123" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person123" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said so; I asked what they did there, they told me they only came to the necessary; I looked in there, I thought they had got a man there;
<persName id="t17820220-5-person124"> Mary Humphries
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person124" type="surname" value="Humphries"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person124" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said satisfy her (meaning me) that there is no man there, she said so to Sweatman: I went down the alley and returned, they were in the same place, when I came in they came out; I heard the out-cry in ten minutes, that a man was killed in the next entry; I went down and said I knew the women; I saw the deceased lay in the next alley, and saw Gatliff examine the body; I pointed out the women in the house, Bothwell was there, and he laid hold of the women, he also singled them out from the rest.</p>
<p>Are you clear those are the women at the bar? - Yes; I heard nothing else, I did not hear any thing they said as they were coming along.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200014"/>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person125"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person125" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person125" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person125" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . If you look at her character it is infamous, she cannot pay her debts, and she will swear any thing; I never was before a justice in my life.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person126"> Sarah Higgins
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person126" type="surname" value="Higgins"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person126" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person126" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a market woman, and sell fish, and walk the streets with fish, I lodge in one of the houses belonging to Mr. White; I saw
<persName id="t17820220-5-person127"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person127" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person127" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person127" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> stand with her back towards the church-yard wall, in Eagle and Child alley, a quarter after seven I heard the chimes go, there is a dead wall there, I saw
<persName id="t17820220-5-person128"> Mary Humphreys
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person128" type="surname" value="Humphreys"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person128" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person128" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> stand facing her,
<persName id="t17820220-5-person129"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person129" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person129" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person129" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> said to
<persName id="t17820220-5-person130"> Mary Humphreys
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person130" type="surname" value="Humphreys"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person130" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> this, damn it he is not yet cold, how shall we get his cloaths; Humpheys said, it is rather dangerous, and then they both went close together towards the market; I went about my business till I heard Mr. White's apprentice say to his master, O Lord, sir, he is dead, I said I knew who did it, it was
<persName id="t17820220-5-person131"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person131" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person131" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person131" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820220-5-person132"> Mary Humphreys
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person132" type="surname" value="Humphreys"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person132" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , in a white bed-gown.</p>
<p>From Prisoner Sweatman. Where was she at the time she heard those words? - Our door might be about three yards and a half from where they were as I was coming out at the door.</p>
<p>Was you in your door or in the alley? - I was coming out of the alley.</p>
<p>How could you see us coming out of a dark alley? - I was out of the alley at the end, it was moon-light, and as proper light as it is now in a manner; it was very moonlight, you might have seen to have picked up a pin, either in the court or the yard, you might have seen it, if a pin had laid down I could have picked it up.</p>
<p>To Bothwell. Was there any thing on his neck besides the handkerchief, any stock or neckcloth? - Nothing as I perceived at all.</p>
<p>To Gatliff. Was there any thing round his neck besides the handkerchief? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person133"> JONATHAN WILKINS
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person133" type="surname" value="WILKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person133" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; I was called in upon this affair in Eagle and Child alley, one Mr. Upton came and called me, and told me there was a murder done there; I went as fast as I could, and went to the deceased and searched him, and found in his left-hand waistcoat pocket this pair of silver buckles, and in each of his breeches pockets there was a six-pence, and in the waistcoat pocket a halfpenny and a bit of sealing wax, and this pocket-book in his coat pocket, and this handkerchief I found just about the pole of his neck. (He then produced a silk handkerchief.)</p>
<p>To Gatliff. Is that the handkerchief you took from him? - Yes; there is the mark of my teeth in it.</p>
<p>Wilkins. There is the mark of the sailor's teeth on the outside of the handkerchief.</p>
<p>Are there any marks of blood about it? -</p>
<p>Gatliff. There are three spots of blood on it.</p>
<p>Mr. Wilkins. I found this paper (producing a song set to music).</p>
<p>What time was this? - About seven o'clock; I searched the women and took them to separate goals, I found two pair of scissars, and some duplicates.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person134"> THOMAS HILL
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person134" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person134" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a public-house, the White-hart, in Fleet market, I saw the prisoners at my house the night
<persName id="t17820220-5-person135"> John Thatcher
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person135" type="surname" value="Thatcher"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person135" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was found dead, I remember Bothwell and Stebbing coming there, the women were there then, they came in I believe, between seven and eight o'clock in the evening, and asked for a quartern of gin; before they had an opportunity to drink it, White's apprentice came and took them; I cannot say there were other women, there might or not, they were taken away immediately.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person136"> GEORGE PINCHES
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person136" type="surname" value="PINCHES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person136" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a surgeon, I was called in to examine the body of the deceased
<persName id="t17820220-5-person137"> John Thatcher
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person137" type="surname" value="Thatcher"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person137" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on Monday night, about eight o'clock; I went, and met the corpse in a shell, in the Eagle and Child alley, I desired them to put it down, they spoke very abruptly to me, and told me I might come into the house, it would be soon enough when he was carried in; I said no time was to be lost, I put my hand down, and felt him, and found he was quite dead; he was taken to the burying ground, I told them it was not a proper place to inspect the body; he was then carried into a room, I then examined him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200015"/>Tell us the cause of his death to the best of your judgment? - I cannot form any idea what was the cause of his death, there was no marks of violence.</p>
<p>Did you examine the whole of the body? - I examined the whole, I examined the head to see if there was any contusion, there was not; there was another gentleman dropped in belonging to St. Thomas's Hospital; there were no marks of violence at all on the body, that person will confirm the same I believe, if called.</p>
<p>You cannot say what was the cause of his death? - I cannot form any idea of what was the cause of his death.</p>
<p>Did you open the head? - No.</p>
<p>Did you examine his neck? - I examined his neck, and round his chest and side; I examined about his neck very particularly.</p>
<p>Were there any marks there? - There were no marks at all, as I saw.</p>
<p>Did you open him? - No, Sir.</p>
<p>Did you open his head? - No, Sir.</p>
<p>Did not you hear at that time some ideas how this man came by his death? - No, Sir; I heard nothing of those particulars.</p>
<p>Did nothing pass, from which you might think it material to open his head? - No, Sir; I had nothing occur to me then to make it necessary to open his head: it was all confusion, one saying one thing, another another thing, and another another thing; some said it was murder, and some said not.</p>
<p>Were any of those people present? - The overseer was present.</p>
<p>Did you see
<persName id="t17820220-5-person138"> John Bothwell
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person138" type="surname" value="Bothwell"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person138" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - No.</p>
<p>Jury. Was it possible for a man to be strangled, without marks of violence, by a silk handkerchief? - Upon my word I cannot tell that; I cannot take upon me to say that.</p>
<p>Counsel. Would it be possible to strangle a man with a silk handkerchief, with or without a mark of violence appearing? - In all cases where I was called in, I always saw marks before.</p>
<p>Did you ever see a person strangled with a silk handkerchief in your life before? - No.</p>
<p>Court. If a man dies by being strangled, whether with a silk handkerchief or cord, or any thing else, would it not affect his countenance? - I should think so.</p>
<p>Was this man's face at all affected? - Not at all in the least; he had a very pleasing countenance.</p>
<p>Was it black? - Not in the least.</p>
<p>In your judgment could a man be strangled with any thing, without having some effect upon his face? - I should think not.</p>
<p>Court. Would that blackness of the countenance appear immediately after the death of the person, or does it require any space of time before it appears? - I should conceive it would appear instantaneously.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - In Holborn, sir.</p>
<p>Do you practice as a surgeon? - Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person139"> JANE SWEATMAN
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person139" type="surname" value="SWEATMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person139" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person139" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I had been all the afternoon in Robinhood's court, I was going along by this place, and saw this woman, Humphries, I asked her where she was going, she said, to Mrs. Topham's, I am sensible she is acquainted with her, I said, I had not seen her a good while, and I would go and treat her, she went with me; as I was going by this place, I said, I wanted to go and ease myself, we went to the necessary together; I never saw any person in the alley but
<persName id="t17820220-5-person140"> Mary Stebbings
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person140" type="surname" value="Stebbings"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person140" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person140" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and no person ever met us in the alley but that woman.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person141"> MARY HUMPHRIES
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person141" type="surname" value="HUMPHRIES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person141" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person141" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was going up to Mr. Topham's, I have known her a great while, in going there. I met
<persName id="t17820220-5-person142"> Jane Sweatman
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person142" type="surname" value="Sweatman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person142" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person142" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , I had been very ill, we went up this place to see sir where the necessary house was, she told me she would go and treat me, going there, the two men came up and took me up this alley, I never saw the man in my life, neither dead nor alive; I was carried up to the work-house, and kept there from a little after seven to half after nine; the two surgeons said, if they had been there an hour before, they might have saved the man's life; he was carried into the church-yard in a shell, it was a very cold night; the officer said let nothing be wanting, as here are lives depending;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200016"/> the two gentlemen said if they had been there an hour before, they might have saved him, but now it was all over; there was hot water ordered; I was ordered to the morning I asked whether or alive, they said he was dead: that is all I know of the matter.</p>
<p>Court to Sweatman. Have you any witnesses?</p>
<p>Sweatman. No; I did not know that my trial would come on before two o'clock; I have one
<persName id="t17820220-5-person143"> Mary Howard
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person143" type="surname" value="Howard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person143" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person143" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . (She was called, but did not appear.)</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person144"> Mary Humphries
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person144" type="surname" value="Humphries"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person144" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I expected people here, I was told my trial would not come on till about two o'clock, we were told so.</p>
<p>Sweatman. We were told so, that it would not come on till two o'clock.</p>
<p>Court to Mr. Pinches. Suppose a man had dropt in a fit, would it or not be a natural consequence, that his throat would be so far affected as to distend the neck, and make the handkerchief appear so tight as it was? - Probably it might at that time.</p>
<p>The Jury brought in their verdict</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person145"> JANE SWEATMAN
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person145" type="surname" value="SWEATMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person145" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> NOT GUILTY.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-5-person146"> MARY HUMPHRIES
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person146" type="surname" value="HUMPHRIES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person146" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-5-person146" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17820220-5-verdict31" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-5-verdict31" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. Justice BULLER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17820220-6-defend147" type="defendantName"> JOHN BROWN
<interp inst="t17820220-6-defend147" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-defend147" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-defend147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for the
<rs id="t17820220-6-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-6-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of
<persName id="t17820220-6-victim149" type="victimName"> Jane Brown
<interp inst="t17820220-6-victim149" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-victim149" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-victim149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-6-off32 t17820220-6-victim149"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17820220-6-cd33" type="crimeDate">5th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-6-off32 t17820220-6-cd33"/> last, by strangling her, and choaking her with both his hands, which caused her instant death </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person150"> GEORGE JACKSON
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person150" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person150" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I remember the morning of the 5th of February; I know a pond in Mr. Davis's yard; a little after eight o'clock I found the body, there. It is a coach yard, Davis is a coach master; at the bottom of his yard is a pond not so large as this room, but the inside square of the court about four feet deep, I believe.</p>
<p>Was it four feet deep towards the edge? It was deepest at the farther end; as I was watering my horses I saw a bit of checque swimming upon the water, as I stood on the side of the pond, I put in a stick and pulled it to me; as I was pulling the checque towards me I saw the woman's hand rise out of the water; I saw a ring upon her finger; I went to the stable and called
<persName id="t17820220-6-person151"> Thomas Page
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person151" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person151" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he came with me, and he and I went back to the pond; we drew the body to the shore; the body was about four feet from the edge of the pond; I first saw the checque; she lay sideways towards the shore.</p>
<p>When did you discover it was the prisoner's
<rs id="t17820220-6-viclabel34" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-6-victim149 t17820220-6-viclabel34"/>? - We went and called
<persName id="t17820220-6-person152"> Joseph Davis
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person152" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person152" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> when we saw it was Mrs. Brown; we both knew it to be the wife of Mr. Brown; I seen the wife of the prisoner at the bar; I knew him before, but Page knew her before, I did not, Page said it was the prisoner's wife; we returned in five minutes from the pond, there were more people present; I was there when the body was taken out.</p>
<p>The remainder of this Trial in our next Number, which will be published in a few days.</p>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200017"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILY, On Wednesday the 20th of February, 1782, and the following Days,</p>
<p>Being the THIRD SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble.
<persName id="t17820220-6-person153"> WILLIAM PLOMER
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person153" type="surname" value="PLOMER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person154"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person154" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person154" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Printed for the PROPRIETOR
<persName id="t17820220-6-person155"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person155" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person155" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and sold by him at No. 4, Dean street, Fetter-Lane, and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200018"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>BROWN's Trial, continued from p. 198.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person156"> THOMAS PAGE
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person156" type="surname" value="PAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person156" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I Know the prisoner at the bar, and I knew his wife very well; on the 5th of February I was called upon to go to the pond side; our stable is near the pond where I was, the first thing I saw was a checque apron lye on the top of the water; I took my fork and twisted it round the apron, and
<persName id="t17820220-6-person157"> drew
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person157" type="given" value="drew"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the body to the edge of the pond; it lay about a yard and a half in the pond when I put the fork in to pull it to the edge; as soon as I saw the face, I said God Almighty forgive me, it is Mrs. Brown! I immediately sent for the prisoner; he came down the yard directly afterwards; I did not go for him; I was there when he came down into the yard amongst the rest of the people; I said Oh, Mr. Brown, it is a shocking affair; oh, says he, it is indeed; the next thing he said is, oh,
<persName id="t17820220-6-person158"> Thomas Davis
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person158" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person158" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , you turned my wife out of doors last night (he Davis was present) and she ran down the yard at that time, and he (the prisoner) ran after; I said the next words, Mr. Brown she has no cap on her head, nor handkerchief, nor no shoes or buckles; upon this Mr. Brown made answer, and said, her shoes and buckles were in the pond. I was by the pond side when it was took out; the body lay sideways in the pond, we catched hold of her arms, and seeing her hand I put the fork under and lifted her up; brought the body out of the pond, and put it upon some straw; I did not examine the body; I took notice of no marks on it; Mr. Davis came down by his orders; she was taken to Mr. Brown's house; he said it was more proper than to let the body lye there.</p>
<p>The body was taken out before Brown came? - Just as he was coming down the yard.</p>
<p>You had a pitchfork in your hand? - Yes.</p>
<p>You put it under her body? - Yes; her legs were quite straight as though laid out. I put the handle of the fork under her cloaths, and there was a step at the pond; we put it in particular under her cloaths.</p>
<p>Do you know whether the shoes were found in the pond? - There was only one shoe and buckle found, the water was taken all out, and no other found; the shoe and buckle was found soon after, as the pond was emptied as soon as possible we could; we got our engine and pumped the water out as soon as we could get men to work; there was no cap on her head, it was found tucked hard under her roll, in her neck; she used to wear a roll; she had neither shoe nor buckle; I said it is a shocking affair, he said so it is.</p>
<p>Are there any necessary down your yard? - There are two necessaries down that yard.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person159"> THOMAS DAVIS
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person159" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person159" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I work for the master of the yard; I am a farrier and smith, I was in company when
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200019"/> Mr. Brown came down to the water; I was at the pond; Brown came down as we were lifting her out of the water.</p>
<p>Was you the person that Brown accused of having sent his wife out of doors? - I am; he did not speak to me concerning of it; I did not observe Brown to say, oh,
<persName id="t17820220-6-person160"> Thomas Davis
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person160" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person160" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> you turned my wife out of door last night. Mrs. Brown had spent the evening at my house; she went away about a quarter after ten, she came about nine, it was a cross a narrow street, about twenty yards to Mr. Brown's house; I believe it is two hundred and fifty yards down from my house to this pond; Mrs. Brown was as merry and as cheerful as ever I saw her when she went from my house; I lit her down to the door, with the key of her own house in her hand; I did not observe her two yards from the door, I turned back directly and went up to bed. I cannot recollect that I saw the prisoner at the bar at that time; I cannot tell how the prisoner and the deceased lived together.</p>
<p>Your two wives were intimate? - Yes.</p>
<p>She brought a duck? - There was a duck, I did not see it brought.</p>
<p>There are two necessaries down the yard made use of by your people, and other people in your neighbourhood? - Yes.</p>
<p>Those necessaries were used by him too? - They were frequent for every one; I have known Mrs. Brown for ten or eleven years; she was a tall thin woman.</p>
<p>Given to drinking? - Never in my company, nor as I knew of; it was a dark night; I saw no more of her till the next morning.</p>
<p>The prisoner was not fond of his wife keeping company with your wife? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>Court to Page. Was there a good deal of mud in the pond? - No, Sir, no great quantity in the horse pond.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person161"> HANNAH DAVIS
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person161" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person161" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person161" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The deceased was at our house on the Monday night, till some minutes before ten; she came about a quarter after nine; she had been married to the prisoner about nine months; I never saw him use her ill but the night she cried out murder, she came to my house and brought a bundle of things, I did not know her voice, but I heard the cry at Brown's house; I cannot say what time after the cry of murder, it was some time after, she came to me with a bundle of apparel, five pair of stays, and other things.</p>
<p>It was three weeks before she was found in the pond, it was on a Saturday, I had no opportunity of knowing how they lived together, farther than she told me; we lived opposite as could be to Mr. Brown's house, when I heard the cry, she brought some curtains.</p>
<p>The last night she supped with you, she brought a duck? - Yes.</p>
<p>He is a
<rs id="t17820220-6-deflabel35" type="occupation">poulterer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-6-defend147 t17820220-6-deflabel35"/>? - Yes; I bought the duck of her, not of him.</p>
<p>Did you know he did not like she should come there? - No; I never heard him forbid her, I never heard him say he was angry with her for coming to my house; the duck. I purchased of her; the furniture she brought are at my house; she never brought any thing but those curtains, five pair of stays, and some linen; the stays were her's, I don't think he knew any thing of it; she brought them the night she cried murder.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person162"> CATH. ELIZ. M'INTOSH
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person162" type="surname" value="ELIZ. M'INTOSH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person162" type="given" value="CATH."/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person162" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Hampstead, not far from Mr. Davis's yard, I cannot say how far; I heard three screams a little after twelve at night.</p>
<p>How long ago? - A fortnight last Monday; it was the night before the body was found, I was coming that way, when I heard two screams, one by Mrs. Forster's, and another at the top of the Church-yard.</p>
<p>What distance is it from Mrs. Davis's house to Forster's? - A good way; the second noise was from the Church-yard stile, when I got to the top of Cock-alley, I heard a most bitter scream, that was in the town, not a great way from Davis's yard.</p>
<p>You cannot tell the distance, but Forster's is a good way from Davis's? - No.</p>
<p>How far is the Church-yard stile, is it
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200020"/> between Forster's and Davis's yard? - Yes; between Forster's and Davis's yard, I cannot tell how far the Church-yard is from Davis's yard, it is a good distance, but higher than Forster's; I heard a third scream at the top of Cock-alley.</p>
<p>Is Cock-alley, or the Church-yard stile, nearest to Davis's? - Cock-alley; and that was a louder screak than I had heard before; the third was the last I heard; I then went home and told my father, he said it was a screich owl, I said it could not be a screich owl.</p>
<p>From this house, which was your way home? - By the Church-yard stile, and by Bradley's, when we came by Forster's, we came nearer Davis's yard, I cannot say how near I was to the yard, my way home was higher up in the town; I live in the middle of Hampstead, I did not come nearer Davis's yard, I saw nobody but the watchman, I asked the hour, he told me it was past twelve.</p>
<p>There are watchmen in Church-row, there are many houses; I did not tell the watchman I heard the screams, he was crying the hour, I never was nearer Davis's, there are houses between, I did not mention it to the watchman, I went home directly.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-6-person163"> William Coventry
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person163" type="surname" value="Coventry"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person163" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-6-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was called, but the counsel for the crown, said, he could not bring the charge farther home to the prisoner; the prisoner was not called upon to make a defence.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-6-verdict36" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-6-verdict36" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
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<p>161, 162, 163.
<persName id="t17820220-7-defend165" type="defendantName"> MARY BARRINGTON
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend165" type="surname" value="BARRINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend165" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend165" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820220-7-defend167" type="defendantName"> ANN LLOYD, otherwise
<rs id="t17820220-7-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-7-defend167 t17820220-7-alias-1"/>FIELD</rs>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend167" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend167" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend167" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820220-7-defend169" type="defendantName"> CATHERINE GUARD
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend169" type="surname" value="GUARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend169" type="given" value="CATHERINE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-defend169" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-7-off37" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-7-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-7-cd38" type="crimeDate">28th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-7-off37 t17820220-7-cd38"/> last, eleven yards of muslin, value 3 l. the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-7-victim171" type="victimName"> Thomas Jeremy
<interp inst="t17820220-7-victim171" type="surname" value="Jeremy"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-victim171" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-victim171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-7-off37 t17820220-7-victim171"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-7-person172"> GEORGE PERCIVAL
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person172" type="surname" value="PERCIVAL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person172" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am journeyman to Mr. Jeremy, a
<rs id="t17820220-7-viclabel39" type="occupation">linen draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-7-victim171 t17820220-7-viclabel39"/>, the corner of
<placeName id="t17820220-7-crimeloc40">Maiden-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-crimeloc40" type="placeName" value="Maiden-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-crimeloc40" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-7-off37 t17820220-7-crimeloc40"/>; on the 29th of January last, about five o'clock in the afternoon, the three prisoners came,
<persName id="t17820220-7-person173"> Catherine Guard
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person173" type="surname" value="Guard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person173" type="given" value="Catherine"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person173" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came in first, and was asked what she wanted, she said she had got two ladies at the door, that wanted to come in to buy something, we were excessively busy; Mr. Jeremy directed them to me to be served, Mary Barrington came to me, Guard called the other two in, they came in together, all three came to me, after describing the muslin, I shewed it to Mary Barrington, in the course of that time, I perceived Catherine Guard endeavouring to conceal something under her cloak; I was not certain what she had got, though I was almost sure she had got something, she then moved her situation, came nearer the door, when from a hole in her cloak, I plainly perceived what she had got under her arm to be muslin; I did not immediately charge her with it, I cut off a piece for Barrington, and thought I would have been paid for that, before I charged the other girl with stealing it; I found they had got no money, but desired it to be sent to the Turk's-head, in Portsmouth-street; Barrington gave me the direction, and said she lived there, they were going away, I got over the counter to prevent them; Guard had got hold of the door, my intention was to have taken the muslin from her, she attempted to give the muslin to Mary Barrington, she did not succeed, in the scuffle the muslin dropped between them; I picked up the muslin and went after Guard, who endeavoured to make her escape, she got out of the shop, not above a yard and a half, I brought her back, we immediately sent for some constables; they were taken to Bow-street and searched, on Barrington was found another remnant of muslin, not our property, nothing more of ours found.</p>
<p>She gave you directions, Mrs. Barrington did, where to send it? - She gave me that direction to Portsmouth-street; I made no enquiries where she lived, but I took down the Turk's Head, Portsmouth-street; I know Lincoln's-inn-fields.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200021"/>Portsmouth-street goes into Lincoln's-inn-fields? - I don't know it does; I was present when they desired Oddy to be present.</p>
<p>Court. Is it a declaration of any other fact? - Yes; you must not tell us what Oddy said then.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-7-person174"> Mary Barrington
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person174" type="surname" value="Barrington"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person174" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person174" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> agreed to pay for three yards of this muslin? - Yes.</p>
<p>Gave you directions where to send it? - Yes.</p>
<p>You never enquired after her? - No.</p>
<p>What did Barrington do when the other offered her the muslin? - Barrington offered to receive the muslin from her, by holding up her arm; Mr. Jeremy saw her drop it, he is not here; I say Guard attempted to give it to
<persName id="t17820220-7-person175"> Mary Berrington
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person175" type="surname" value="Berrington"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person175" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person175" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Have you the muslin dropt between them in court? - I have.</p>
<p>Produce it? - (The witness produced it.)</p>
<p>Is there any shop mark on it? - Yes; Mr. Jeremy's; as soon as I picked it up, I put my own mark on it; I know it to be Mr. Jeremy's property: I saw Guard attempting to conceal something she appeared to take off the compter, she was close to the compter; I did not know immediately what it was, but I plainly saw that attempt to conceal something.</p>
<p>How far was you from Guard? - About a yard and a quarter; Barrington never shewed me any money, I did not take the direction down till I saw the attempt to take something; I did not like Guard's appearance, I don't say I saw her take any thing from the compter, I saw the muslin under her arm; they were all together, Lloyd was nearest the door, I suppose there were six or seven people in the shop besides, but none at my compter; this is the same muslin that dropt between Barrington and Guard, I was nearest them at the time, and no other persons, I am sure it is the very same parcel Guard endeavoured to give Barrington, I kept my eyes upon them pretty clear; I have sold such kind of muslin before with such marks, I did not see her take it, I suppose Lloyd was a yard and a half off, she was near the door.</p>
<p>Court. You told me you perceived Guard concealing something under her cloak, I plainly saw that, are those your words? - Yes; I did.</p>
<p>(The prisoners left their defence to Counsel, who called the following witnesses:)</p>
<p>For Harrington.</p>
<p>Mrs. Watson. I live in Coldbath Fields, have known Mrs. Barrington near three years, never heard but she was very honest; on the 29th of January she lived at our house, I don't remember the day of the month.</p>
<p>Mr. BOWERS sworn.</p>
<p>I am an attorney, I have been concerned in law business for Mrs. Barrington some years; three days before the accident, she called on me, told me she had left her lodgings in Coldbath fields, and was at the Turk's Head in Portsmouth-street; I heard her sister was dead, and she went to buy the muslin for mourning.</p>
<p>Mrs. Watson. Mrs. Barrington's sister was dead at the time, and Mrs. Barrington was getting her mourning ready, I know she wanted to buy muslin, she borrowed an apron of me till she bought it.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-7-person176"> John Fowle
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person176" type="surname" value="Fowle"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person176" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a peruke-maker, have known Mrs. Barrington these three or four years, never heard her character impeached the least in the world.</p>
<p>Mrs. Knight. I live in Spa-fields, have known Mrs. Barrington and Mrs. Guard between two and three years, I never knew any harm of Mrs. Barrington.</p>
<p>For Lloyd and Guard.</p>
<p>Mrs. Sheldrake. I keep a grocer's shop, have known Mrs. Guard twenty years, I have trusted her with a great deal of property, she was very honest; I had occasion to go into the country, and left her in care of my house, she had an opportunity of robbing me of a great deal of property, she was very honest.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-7-person177"> Elizabeth Humphries
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person177" type="surname" value="Humphries"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person177" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-7-person177" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am no business, I have known Guard twelve months, she lived with me five months, I trusted her with the property in my house, I always found her very honest.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200022"/>Mrs. Knight. I have known her three years, always found her very honest.</p>
<p>For Lloyd.</p>
<p>Mr. Locke. I am a butcher, have known Lloyd five or six years, I never heard any thing amiss, she always paid me very honestly, I never heard any thing to the contrary.</p>
<p>Mr. Ruff. I am a butcher, I have known Lloyd two years, she never dealt with me, I always found her honest, I have trusted her with property.</p>
<p>Court. The manner in which this indictment is framed, makes it a capital offence against the prisoners; the circumstance of stealing privately in the shop, if above the value of 5 s. is a capital offence, and will affect their lives, if you are satisfied of the evidence; all three are charged with having committed this felony; it is not possible that every one of them should be the actual hand that took it, that is not necessary in point of law; if you are clearly satisfied of the circumstances of the case, they came all of them together for the purpose of stealing any thing from his shop, and that one was privy to the intention of the other, in that case, if they were privy to that intention, and present at the time, it is equally a felony in all, the same as if they were the very hand that took it; and said it was laid down by the judges as law, if any person saw them take it, it is then not privately stealing, and ceases to be a capital offence.</p>
<p>All three
<rs id="t17820220-7-verdict41" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-7-verdict41" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17820220-8-defend179" type="defendantName"> SOLOMON LEVY
<interp inst="t17820220-8-defend179" type="surname" value="LEVY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-defend179" type="given" value="SOLOMON"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-defend179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-8-off42" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-8-off42" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-off42" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-8-cd43" type="crimeDate">9th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-8-off42 t17820220-8-cd43"/> insto a hair trunk, value 6 s. a caravan box, value 2 s. two pearl pins, value 10 l. six linen frocks, value 20 s. six dimity petticoats, and other things </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-8-victim181" type="victimName"> John Ord
<interp inst="t17820220-8-victim181" type="surname" value="Ord"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-victim181" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-victim181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-8-off42 t17820220-8-victim181"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-8-viclabel44" type="occupation">Clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-8-victim181 t17820220-8-viclabel44"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person182"> JOHN ORD
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person182" type="surname" value="ORD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person182" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Saturday the 9th of February I was coming to town, I lost a hair trunk and a caravan box, containing divers things, from
<placeName id="t17820220-8-crimeloc45">James's-street, Bedford-row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-crimeloc45" type="placeName" value="James's-street, Bedford-row"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-crimeloc45" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-8-off42 t17820220-8-crimeloc45"/>; it was in the boot of a hackney coach, I cannot say I saw it put in; the coachman set me down, I missed it in about a quarter of an hour, my servant missed it, I never found it again; I don't know exactly what things were in it, as I did not pack them up, my servant did, I ordered my servant to put things in; the two trunks I can swear to coming with me.</p>
<p>What should have been in that trunk? - There should have been two pearl pins belonging to Mrs. Ord, several caps, and a good deal of lace; a dress gown of my own, a suit of scarlet cloaths of a servant about seven years old; several girls frocks and petticoats, several pair of children's stockings, and a child's dimity waistcoat; I never found them again.</p>
<p>Was it a hackney coach or the stage? - I took a hackney-coach from the stage:
<persName id="t17820220-8-person183"> Richard Simpson
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person183" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person183" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was my brother's servant; he took the things out of the inside of the coach, but not the boot; I cannot say I saw the trunk or caravan put in the boot of the coach; I cannot swear to his being the coachman, only what I was told.</p>
<p>Where did the coach take you up? - At Whitechapel; there was Mrs. Ord and my little boy, it was about a quarter of an hour, the servant wanted the child's cloaths to put him to bed, and enquired for the trunks, I sent my brother's servant to the stage to enquire.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person184"> RICHARD SIMPSON
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person184" type="surname" value="SIMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person184" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 9th instant, a quarter before six, a hackney coach came to Mr. Ord's door, in James-street, Bedford-row; after I went to the door, the passengers got out of it, I took three parcels out of the inside, after I took the three parcels out, I asked the coachman what his fare was, he told me 2 s. I went in and told Mr. Ord, he said very well, pay him; I went out to get change for half a crown, and then I paid the coachman, who was the prisoner at the bar, he then went away, I did not see the things in the boot.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200023"/>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>You saw nothing in the boot? - No; I am very clear that is the man, I knowed him by the light, and his hair, only by general appearance, the No. of the coach was 259, the stage coachman told me the number.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person185"> GEORGE ROOM
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person185" type="surname" value="ROOM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person185" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am Mr. Cupelo's coachman, it is a hackney coach, I drove 259 part of that night, I remember there were some passengers, and things in the boot, it was a hair trunk, and what you may call a caravan box, I am sure those were in when I drove it.</p>
<p>Did the hair trunk stand up to the top of the boot? - It was rather better than a foot above the top.</p>
<p>Who took the coach from you? - The prisoner at the bar, I am sure they were in the boot then, I wanted to go for three or four hours that evening, and I got him to drive for me; the prisoner is a
<rs id="t17820220-8-deflabel46" type="occupation">coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-8-defend179 t17820220-8-deflabel46"/>, he is a servant, he has lived fellow servant with me, I am positive the things were in the boot when he took the coach from me, I know nothing else.</p>
<p>He took the coach from me in Leaden-hall-street, we never stopped the coach.</p>
<p>How many minutes before you gave the coach to the prisoner at the bar, did you see the things in the boot? - When I stepped off the box I saw them in the boot, the coach never stopped at all, I never saw them after, I don't know who was in the coach, the horses never stopped as I got off, my eyes was upon the trunk when I got off.</p>
<p>Court. Was there time to get the caravan and trunk away while you got off? - No; the coach never stopped.</p>
<p>Mr. Ord. The coach never stopped at all, it went on very slow.</p>
<p>Did you enquire after the trunks? - Not till the next morning, I was in bed; I took him to that young man's house, the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person186"> RICHARD GRIMES
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person186" type="surname" value="GRIMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person186" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the coach stand at the prisoner's door, as I was going down Petticoat-lane, and I saw him take a caravan box out of the coach, and carry it into his door, his lodgings, it is his house I believe; I passed on from thence; he took it out of the coach; I was going into Widegate-alley with a parcel, I live at the Three Nuns, near Aldgate church; one of our waggons was going out, this was about seven o'clock in the evening.</p>
<p>Is Cupelo master of the coach No. 259? - Yes; I belong to him, I knew the prisoner at the bar; he does not live with Cupelo.</p>
<p>What day was it? - The 9th, in the evening; he only drives for my master when the coachmen chuse to send him out.</p>
<p>Court to Mr. Ord. What was the value of the caravan box? - About six or seven shillings.</p>
<p>Grimes. I was close by the coach when he took the things out; knowing it was our coach, made me observe it.</p>
<p>Jury. The former witness says he took every thing out of the inside, and this says he took them out of the coach.</p>
<p>How far is the prisoner's door from Cupelo's? - It may be a quarter of a mile.</p>
<p>Where does the prisoner live? - About the middle of Petticoat-lane.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person187"> ESTHER COWES
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person187" type="surname" value="COWES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person187" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person187" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a hackney coach, he has lived with me almost twelve months, and drove a coach for me, and was very diligent and honest; he did me as much justice and rather more than some others.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person188"> Elizabeth Conway
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person188" type="surname" value="Conway"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person188" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person188" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I make stop work, I have known him two years, I have trusted him in my apartments, I never missed any thing.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person189"> Hyam Moses
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person189" type="surname" value="Moses"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person189" type="given" value="Hyam"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a dealer in fish, I have known the prisoner a great many years, and always found him an honest man.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-8-person190"> Abraham Abrahams
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person190" type="surname" value="Abrahams"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person190" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a tobacconist. I have known him three years, he always bore the character of an honest man, I have trusted him, and he paid me very honest.</p>
<p>Mrs. Nathan has known him five or six years, an honest hard working man.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-8-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-8-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-8-verdict47" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice NARES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-9">
<interp inst="t17820220-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<interp inst="t17820220-9" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-9-off48-c173" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-defend192 t17820220-9-off48 t17820220-9-verdict52"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200024"/>165.
<persName id="t17820220-9-defend192" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SMITH, otherwise
<rs id="t17820220-9-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-defend192 t17820220-9-alias-2"/>JOHN NEAGLE</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t17820220-9-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-defend192 t17820220-9-alias-3"/>JAMES FLOOD</rs>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-defend192" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-defend192" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-defend192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-9-off48" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-9-off48" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-off48" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17820220-9-victim194" type="victimName"> John Gladman
<interp inst="t17820220-9-victim194" type="surname" value="Gladman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-victim194" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-victim194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> upon the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t17820220-9-cd49" type="crimeDate">16th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-off48 t17820220-9-cd49"/> last, and putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person two leather portmanteaus, value 5 s. and thirty leather bags, value 10 s. the goods of our sovereign Lord the
<persName id="t17820220-9-victim195" type="victimName">
<rs id="t17820220-9-viclabel50" type="occupation">King</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-victim195 t17820220-9-viclabel50"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-victim195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person196"> CHARLES SINCLAIR
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person196" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person196" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Look at that bank note, do you recollect it? - Yes, Sir; there is my hand-writing to it, there is my name on it; January the 15th I put it into the post-office in a letter, directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17820220-9-person197"> Thomas Tranter
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person197" type="surname" value="Tranter"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person197" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Preston, in Lancashire; that letter I put in on the 15th of January, with the very note in it.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person198"> HENRY POTTS
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person198" type="surname" value="POTTS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person198" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I sort the letters for the Chester mail, and put them into the bag; I put this into the Chester bag, and delivered them to my assistant
<persName id="t17820220-9-person199"> Frederick Henry Smith
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person199" type="surname" value="Henry Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person199" type="given" value="Frederick"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person200"> FREDERICK SMITH
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person200" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person200" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am employed in the Post-office; I remember the bag being made up the 15th.</p>
<p>From whom did you receive it? - From Mr. Potts, I tied the bag of the Chester mail.</p>
<p>To whom did you deliver it? - I delivered it to be sealed, and from thence I gave it to the post boy of that night.</p>
<p>Do you know what bags were contained in that large parcel that were so sealed? - Yes; there were the Coventry, the Wellingborough, the Ockham, Melton, Mowbray, Wooburn, Towcester, and Loughborough.</p>
<p>Were those bags there? - Yes; there was a separate bag for the Preston.</p>
<p>Court. Were the Wooburn and Towcester bags in it? - Yes.</p>
<p>And the Loughborough? - Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person201"> JOHN GLADMAN
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person201" type="surname" value="GLADMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person201" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>To Mr. Smith. Was that the
<rs id="t17820220-9-viclabel51" type="occupation">post-boy</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-victim194 t17820220-9-viclabel51"/>? - Yes.</p>
<p>To Gladman. What time did you set out with the bags from the Post-office? - About a quarter past three, upon the 16th.</p>
<p>How far had you gone before you met any body? - About the five or six mile-stone beyond the Highway; there a tall man came up to me as I was travelling down the hill, he damned me and swore very much at me, I said hallo mate, it is the mail, says he, that is what we want, then two more men came up, and knocked me out of the cart, and took my whip from me; they drove the horses up the, they turned out of the way into a field, at the distance of half a mile, or three quarters of a mile, from the road, they opened the cart and took the bags out.</p>
<p>Were the three men all together then? - Yes, sir.</p>
<p>What became of you all the time? - The short man stood over me with a cutlass in his hand, he lead me by the collar after the carriage; when they had taken out the bags, they asked me if I knew the best, I said, I knew no more about them than they did; after they had thrown all the bags and mails out, but one, they throwed me up in the cart, I begged of them not to kill me, they said they would not; the short man took a handkerchief and tied my hands behind me, and shoved my legs in, and put the iron bar across them.</p>
<p>They shut you in? - Yes; they said they would take the smallest bags, I heard a chaise drive up upon the side of the cart.</p>
<p>Did you hear nothing said? - No; I believed it was a one-horse chaise, and when I came to Holloway turnpike, the man told me it was a one-horse chaise; I don't recollect hearing them say any thing about it; I came back, as soon as I was able, to the post office.</p>
<p>Are you able to form any recollection of the person of either of these three men? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<p>Look at the prisoner at the bar? - Yes; he is one, Sir.</p>
<p>Are you able to speak with any certainty, belief, or recollection? - I speak the real sentiments of my heart; it is my real belief.</p>
<p>Court. Was it in the field they put you into the carriage? - Yes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200025"/>How long did they keep you there? - They left me in the cart in the field, with my hands tied; I was in the cart pretty near three hours after they left me.</p>
<p>Did you see the one-horse chaise at all? - No.</p>
<p>When you speak of a one-horse chaise, it is only from the noise of it you suppose it to be so? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<p>Was any thing said about a chaise by any of them? - No, there was not; one said they would take the bags one at a time, and the other said go fetch it here.</p>
<p>What was the expression? - They said they were going to carry the bags one at a time, one of the men said go fetch it here; they did not mention what it was.</p>
<p>How soon after that did you hear any thing? - I heard them loading the chaise, when I was in the inside of the carriage, laying upon my face.</p>
<p>How soon did they come after the expression, go fetch it there? - I believe they came about three or four minutes after they put me into the cart, I saw nothing.</p>
<p>Was it a dark night? - No; it was a bright star light night.</p>
<p>Is this the short man that had the cutlass? - No.</p>
<p>At what place and time had you an opportunity of observing this man? - While they were robbing the cart; I stood looking at them all the while.</p>
<p>Had they any disguise over them? - No; only the short man had a handkerchief over his face that stopped me first, the other men had nothing over their faces at all.</p>
<p>Had you any opportunity of observing either of the others till you got into the field? - No.</p>
<p>It was in the field you observed them all? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did the short man keep on his handkerchief? - Yes; he never pulled it off at all, till he pulled it off from his face to tie my hands behind me.</p>
<p>Did you observe the dress of the two men? - They had got a brown surtout coat on.</p>
<p>Each of them? - No; one was without one.</p>
<p>Which had the great coat? - This man.</p>
<p>How near did you stand? - I stood just by the horses heads.</p>
<p>How near was the prisoner? - I suppose it was the distance of three or four yards.</p>
<p>Were they at the cart? - Yes.</p>
<p>How long had you an opportunity of observing them then? - All the while they were cutting the mails open, which was pretty nigh ten minutes.</p>
<p>Which was it you spoke to when you desired they would not kill you? - It was the two biggest, this man and the other; that wanted to kill me, the little man said no, he would spill no blood.</p>
<p>Were there any thing particular in his dress or appearance that struck you, besides having a great coat? - Yes; I knowed him by his voice, he talked so much of the brogue.</p>
<p>What, the prisoner? - Yes.</p>
<p>Upon the whole, do you take upon yourself to swear the prisoner was one of the men? - Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I will ask him, he says he knowed me by particular marks, what marks is in my face he can know me by; can he know me by my speech among four, five, or six men.</p>
<p>Court to Witness. Have you never met with other people that have the same brogue as he has? - No, Sir.</p>
<p>Are you sure you could distinguish his voice from any other person? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person202"> WHITE NEWMAN
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person202" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person202" type="given" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Deposed, he was an oilman in Newgate-street; on Tuesday morning the 16th of January he saw a one-horse chaise at his door, and was there from eight to about half past eleven; his man moved the chaise a little forwarder; he said to his man we will take it and carry it to some stable; we saw some papers in it, and looking, found seven bags in the seat for Coventry, Towcester, Oakham, Loughborough, Wooburn, Melton Mowbray, and Wellingborough, and a bundle of newspapers directed for Ireland; he took them to the post office, and enquired for Mr. Todd, who sent two gentlemen with him to his house; Mr.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200026"/> Arnold gave him a receipt for it; he was advised to let the chaise stay at his door; a man then told me the chaise belonged to Mr.
<persName id="t17820220-9-person203"> John Chambers
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person203" type="surname" value="Chambers"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Mr. Chambers came and owned it, to whom he delivered it.</p>
<p>Mr. Newman's servant deposed, he saw the chaise on the 16th of January standing at Mr. Newman's door, it was a green chaise, and the horse a chesnut colour.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person204"> SAMUEL ARNOLD
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person204" type="surname" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person204" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went to Mr. Newman to receive seven bags from him, those bags had been sent from the Post-Office the night before.</p>
<p>JAMES CROFT sworn.</p>
<p>I live with Mr.
<persName id="t17820220-9-person205"> John Chambers
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person205" type="surname" value="Chambers"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person205" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , stable-keeper, in Peter's-lane; I know the prisoner at the bar, I saw him the day before, he had a saddle horse on the Monday, a horse and chaise on the Tuesday, about three o'clock, they took it and went up St. John's-street, towards Highgate, were to return that night but did not, he never returned it, a man brought it home the next day.</p>
<p>Court. He had hired horses before? - Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person206"> John Chambers
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person206" type="surname" value="Chambers"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person206" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a stable-keeper, live in St. John's-street, I saw my horse and chaise in Newgate-street; on the Saturday night I let him a horse, and on the Monday my servant lent him another; I don't know that my horse and chaise was let to the prisoner, but the chaise at Mr. Newman's door was my chaise;</p>
<p>( Croft called again and proved the letting that chaise to the prisoner..)</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person207"> Soloman Gabriel
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person207" type="surname" value="Gabriel"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person207" type="given" value="Soloman"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Chick-lane, the prisoner came to me on Monday after the mail was robbed, I saw him again the Wednesday after, the 16th, he asked me if I wanted to buy any Bank-notes, it is a commodity I deal in, he had two notes, and asked me for some money, said he would bring more notes, came again with more notes, and wanted to sell them, I went to Mr. Lion about it, Mr. Lion advised, the best way was to go and apprehend him.</p>
<p>Did you give information to Mr. Lion? Yes; I then sent for Mr. Clark who came and took him.</p>
<p>Did Clark come by appointment to your house? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was this upon the Thursday evening? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did the prisoner come with any notes upon the Thursday? - Yes; he said he had three ten pound notes.</p>
<p>Had you any note of him that evening? - He left a ten pound note, and a thirty pound.</p>
<p>Did you make any mark upon the thirty pound note, so as to know it again? - Yes.</p>
<p>Is that the note? - Yes.</p>
<p>Who did you give it to? - To Mr. Clark; when he came on Wednesday I asked how he got the notes, he said he robbed the mail.</p>
<p>Did he tell you so? - Yes.</p>
<p>Had you been intimate with him before? - Never before; he came in to buy a pair of gloves, and asked me to buy this watch, I did not buy it, it was the Sunday night, he asked eight guineas for the watch.</p>
<p>Prisoner. What he says is quite false, the man has been cast and convicted of perjury here, and flogged in the yard, and fined, and in Newgate at the time of the riot, and he got out then, he is the man I hired the horse and chaise for of Mr. Chambers on Sunday morning at two o'clock, he and one Mr. Lions had a horse and chaise at Old-street road.</p>
<p>Court. Did he never hire a horse and chaise for you? - No; I know nothing at all of that.</p>
<p>This chaise was not hired for you? - No, my lord.</p>
<p>Jury. I should be glad to know whether that note is the same, and how he knows it? - I put my mark upon it.</p>
<p>Point it out to the jury? - It is this mark in Hebrew characters.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person208"> BENJAMIN LION
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person208" type="surname" value="LION"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person208" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>What day did you go to Gabriel's house in Chick-lane? - The 17th of last month; I went there with an intent to say I came to buy bank notes; I went to secure the prisoner, Mr. Clarke had been waiting
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200027"/> some time in the place; Gabriel called upon me on Wednesday night late, and told me a man called upon him that had some bank notes to sell, taken out of the mail; I told him I would have nothing to do with them, the only way would be to take the notes and the man; when I went, the prisoner was there.</p>
<p>Was any thing produced by the prisoner to Gabriel and his wife? - There were two notes produced, he said belonged to him.</p>
<p>Produced by the prisoner? - Yes; he left them when he went away for the rest.</p>
<p>What were the notes, do you know the value of them? - The one was 10 l. the other 30 l.</p>
<p>Did you put any mark upon them? - No; he went to fetch the remainder of the notes, he said he had 370 l. he had four tens, a thirty, and one of 300 l. and several country bills, and upon this he went to fetch them all.</p>
<p>There was one of 300 l.? - Yes; upon coming back he was apprehended.</p>
<p>Did he bring any other notes with him? I don't know whether Mr. Clark found any other upon him, I went to the place where they struggled, and took him; Mr. Clark lost a silver buckle, I picked it up and gave it him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I had the notes of Gabriel and another man, one from Gabriel, another from Mr. Lion, and another from a Mr. Nicholls that was there.</p>
<p>To Lion. Had he any notes from you? - I never saw the man before.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-9-person209"> JOHN CLARK
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person209" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person209" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Did you receive information from either of those witnesses respecting some Banknotes? - I did; in consequence of that I attended, and went to Mr. Chambers, and he was not at home, I left word for him to meet me at the Half-moon public-house in Smithfield, where I had appointed this man to be, and to give me notice when this man came with the notes; just as Mr. Perkins came in I was looking through the window towards Gabriel's, Mr. Prothero was with me, we saw them and went after them in Chick-lane, we took the prisoner into custody, we brought him to the public-house where Mr. Perkins was, we found upon him three ten pound Bank-notes.</p>
<p>Are those the notes? - Yes; they are the three notes I found upon him.</p>
<p>How near was he to Gabriel's house when you took him? - I suppose within about twenty yards going that way.</p>
<p>Court to Gabriel. Shew me the 30 l. note.</p>
<p>Was that note delivered to you, Mr. Clark? - The two notes, one of 10 l. the other of 30 l. were brought to me by Gabriel, soon after they were taken from the prisoner.</p>
<p>They are the two notes you received from Gabriel, the one of 10 l. the other of 30 l.? - Yes.</p>
<p>Upon the Saturday before I was taken for this affair I am accused of, I was coming along Chick-lane for Smithfield, I saw Gabriel and another man standing at the door, and seeing me come past they knowed me, having seen me several times in the house before, and I drank tea and dined with him several days; they called to me, and Gabriel said, he was going to visit a gentleman as far as Edmonton, he had been to a stable-keeper for a horse but could get none, I said, have you been down to Chamber's for one, he said, no, but he would be obliged to me to go and ask for a single horse; I went and asked Mr. Chambers for a horse; he said I should have one, he told me to go and tell him it was for a gentleman along with him, whose name was Nicholls, he said he lived in Giltspur-street; I asked for a horse in the gentleman's name, I had it, and went to Gabriel and gave it him, he went he said to Edmonton.</p>
<p>In whose name did he say he got the horse in?</p>
<p>Prisoner. One Mr. Nicholls; he told me the gentleman was in company with him whose name was Nicholls, and he begged of me to come down about seven o'clock to his house, if I was at home, and take the horse back and deliver it; I came about seven o'clock, he came about a quarter
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200028"/> after seven, with the horse back to the door, he gave me the horse by the bridle, I took the horse down to Chambers, and gave it to the stable keeper, he said the horse has been rode hard, I said I don't know any thing of that, he desired me to tell Chambers his business was not done, he said he wanted the horse again on Monday; it might be between two and four, I went to his house again, he told me to go to Chambers to ask for the horse again, that he was going to the same place, his business was not done; I went to get a chesnut horse for him on the Monday of Chambers, he took it away, and said he was going to the same place he had been upon the Saturday, I was in his house for above two hours after he went away, his wife begged of me to come back that night to carry the horse home, I did, I came there about six o'clock at night, I stopped in the house about three hours, towards nine o'clock he came home with it, and I took him home again, he desired I would tell Chambers he would have the horse and chaise the next day, the horse has tumbled with me, says he, and liked to kill me, says he, I will go in the chaise, and not a horseback, it was frosty weather, he was afraid the horse would fall; I went upon the Tuesday and asked for the horse and chaise, Gabriel gave me the money to pay for it, I went for it, he told me to drive the horse and chaise to Old-street, I went with the horse and chaise to Old-street, and I met him and Mr. Lion, Lion took the horse by the bridle, and Gabriel came to me, and said, will you go to my house, and tell them from me, not to expect me home to night; I went back and told his wife accordingly what he said, I went home, and about eight o'clock I came out and went to a relation of mine at Blackwall, I staid there till about ten o'clock, went to Gabriel's and came home about twelve or one o'clock, there was a light in Gabriel's windows, and I called, and asked if Mr. Gabriel was come home, and his wife said, no; I went back to where I was before, I got up about seven in the morning, and I came out the same day again about twelve o'clock, and I heard of this horse and chaise being found, of Mr. Chambers's, in Newgate-street, without any body in it, I went to Gabriel's house, I said to him, the horse and chaise I hired for you of Chambers, was found in Newgate-street with some of the mail-bags in it, that was robbed this morning, and he begged of me to say nothing, I said, what must I do, I said, I was liable to be taken, and charged with it, and die for it, by obliging you with hiring the horse and chaise for you, he said you need not mind that, go to my house, you need not go home, there is nobody knows you but Chambers and his servants, that was Gabriel told me so, not to go home, I should lay in his house.</p>
<p>Court. I understand you said you went to Chambers's, after you said you found out the horse and chaise was found? - No; to Gabriel's, and told him I should be liable to be taken.</p>
<p>Court. You did not go to Chambers, to tell him the horse and chaise was in Newgate-street? - No; but I went and told Gabriel of it in his house, he begged of me to stay in his house and not go out, and somebody would make me a present at night; I staid all day, dined there, at night Mr. Lion came, and another gentleman, in a brown surtout coat, black coat under, and a green velvet waistcoat; I was going home, they said no, I will tell you what to do, be led by us, we will take care nothing shall happen to you; there is a ship, I can't recollect the name of the place or the port where she came from; he said there was a Swedish ship going to Swedeland, I should go in it, Mr. Lion could have the choice of it, and would go down with me, he said he would engage in a thousand pounds value I should be able to set off to Swedeland; says he, we will give him some money, Gabriel called for his wife, and his wife gave me six guineas, and then I was going home, they said no, I need not go home if I was afraid of being taken; I said, I lay in great danger in hiring the chaise of Chambers, they said, no, we will give you a 10 l. Bank-note a piece; Gabriel, and Lions, and the other man was along with him that passed for Mr. Nicholls, they gave
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200029"/> me each a 10 l. note a piece, I said I would go home, as the woman I lived with was very bad, I would go and see how she was; in the mean time, while I was gone to see her, they went out and brought justice Wright's men with them, in coming back I met them in Smithfield.</p>
<p>Court. Did Gabriel and his wife each of them give you a ten pound note? - No; Gabriel, and Mr. Lion, and a gentleman that passed for the name of Nicholls, that lived in Giltspur-street, a japanner, in the meantime I was gone, they got justice Wright's men, and I met
<persName id="t17820220-9-person210"> Solomon Gabriel
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person210" type="surname" value="Gabriel"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person210" type="given" value="Solomon"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-9-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Mr. Lion walking in Smithfield, I said, where have you been, you will get me in trouble, for you have got some of these notes; as we were going on, Gabriel stopped behind, and Mr. Lion went on in Chick-lane, he stopped and made water against a wall, they got against the public-house, and sent the men out after me, some of the men catched hold of me, Mr. Lion ran away from the lane, Mr. Clark said, ah, you dog, what man is that who went away from you, we will have him bye and bye; that was the man Lion that walked down the lane with me. That is the whole, I was taken and searched, and these notes were found upon me.</p>
<p>Court to Mr. Clark. Was Lion there when you apprehended the prisoner? - He was walking along side of him.</p>
<p>Did he run away? - No, sir, a scuffle ensued, Mr. Prothero got hold of him, he struck him, and he got away from him, and I took hold of him, he struck at me, Lion stopped behind, I lost one of my buckles in the scuffle, and he brought it to me.</p>
<p>To Croft. Were you in the way when the prisoner came back with the horse on Saturday or the Monday before? - No, sir, I was not in the way either time when he came home with it.</p>
<p>Court to Chambers. Were you in the way when he brought back the horse two days before? - I was just coming to our gate as he delivered the mare in upon the Saturday night between eight and nine; he seemed to be very dirty, he had no boots to the best of my remembrance, there were two men talking just about three or four yards from the gate, he went and talked to them, this was Saturday night after he had the grey mare, he told me he lived with Nicholls, in Giltspur-street, the japanner, I knew Nicholls very well, he said it was for himself, he was going to Guildford upon Mr. Nicholls's business, he first said Guildford, I said to him, I suppose you are mistaken, it is Ilford you mean, he said, yes; he said he should want one on Monday, he came on Monday, I lent him a chesnut: horse on Monday, he came first and bespoke it, and came in half an hour after for it.</p>
<p>Court. How did he appear on Saturday night? - He was very dirty, and the mare had been rode fast, he was very dirty about the legs, I said when he came back, you have almost killed the horse, you have rode hard, no, says he, I did not, I only just rode her to the other side of Islington turnpike.</p>
<p>Court. Did you see him when he came back upon the Monday night? - No; I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have no witnesses to call, I am quite a stranger in London, I have none to my character.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-9-verdict52" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-9-verdict52" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820220-9-punish53" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-9-punish53" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-9-defend192 t17820220-9-punish53"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried before Mr. Justice BULLER, by the First Middlesex Jury.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-10">
<interp inst="t17820220-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-10-off54-c191" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-10-defend212 t17820220-10-off54 t17820220-10-verdict58"/>
<persName id="t17820220-10-defend212" type="defendantName"> MARY CLARK
<interp inst="t17820220-10-defend212" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-defend212" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-defend212" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-10-off54" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-10-off54" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-off54" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing on the
<rs id="t17820220-10-cd55" type="crimeDate">25th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-10-off54 t17820220-10-cd55"/> last, one black silk hat, value 1 s. one silk and cotton handkerchief, value 6 d. a green silk purse, value 1 d. and six guineas in gold, and 21 s. in silver, the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-10-victim214" type="victimName"> William Stoneley
<interp inst="t17820220-10-victim214" type="surname" value="Stoneley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-victim214" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-victim214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-10-off54 t17820220-10-victim214"/> </persName> , in his dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person215"> WILLIAM STONELEY
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person215" type="surname" value="STONELEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person215" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner came and tapped me on the shoulder, at a public-house just by where I live, I live in
<placeName id="t17820220-10-crimeloc56">great Pell-street, Spittalfields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-crimeloc56" type="placeName" value="great Pell-street, Spittalfields"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-crimeloc56" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-10-off54 t17820220-10-crimeloc56"/>; she asked me to lend her 6 d. I had but 2 s. in the world, I let her have one, she was a
<rs id="t17820220-10-deflabel57" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-10-defend212 t17820220-10-deflabel57"/> in my house, I never saw her till she was taken for robbing me of six guineas;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200030"/> I was not at home, I missed it when I came home that night, she borrowed the shilling on Christmas-day at night, I went home about nine o'clock, she came and asked for the 6 d. about dusk, the waistcoat I have on now I had put under my bolster and pillow with the six guineas in gold, and 21 s. in silver; she was gone away when I went home, there was my daughter and all my family in the house, I went out about two o'clock in the afternoon, my daughter and wife, and
<persName id="t17820220-10-person216"> Mary Bimford
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person216" type="surname" value="Bimford"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person216" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person216" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , a servant in the house, the same, she works with me at the business, hair throwsting and spinning, and the children were there at the time, and this woman; they were all at home but this woman when I went home, there are two rooms, the bed was in the same room I live in, my waistcoat was there, it was by the fire side; my wife's hat and handkerchief was taken away, the hat hung upon a nail, I suppose she took the things when she turned up the bed; she told me last Friday was a fortnight she gave five guineas and a half to a man, one
<persName id="t17820220-10-person217"> Dick Vallance
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person217" type="surname" value="Vallance"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person217" type="given" value="Dick"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , we found her in Lambeth work-house then; on Christmas-day she robbed me, it was all the money I saved up for the rent; I asked her about it, she said she gave it away, five guineas and a half to
<persName id="t17820220-10-person218"> Dick Vallance
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person218" type="surname" value="Vallance"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person218" type="given" value="Dick"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a barge builder, he said he would help her to it again, the man promised to return it to her, I found the hat at a house where she lodged, the recommendation came from there at Puddle-dock hill.</p>
<p>Did you promise the prisoner not to prosecute her, when you asked about your money, if she told you the truth? - No, I did not; nor the constable in my hearing.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person219"> MARY STONELEY
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person219" type="surname" value="STONELEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person219" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person219" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of the last witness; she is a servant, she asked me to go out, I said no; she asked to borrow my hat, I would not let her have it, I said her master would give her a holyday to-morrow; her hand trembled very much as she drank tea, her eyes were ready to fly out of her head, and she looked like scarlet; this was between five and six at night; she took my hat, I see her whip somewhat off the nail, and run away with it, but did not know it was my hat; she turned the bed up just before, my three 'prentices and myself were in the room, I did not lend her my hat that night.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person220"> MARY BIMFORD
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person220" type="surname" value="BIMFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person220" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person220" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I worked in the house with her at Mr. Stoneley's; after dinner she appeared as if she was frightened, and asked me to lend her my hat; I told her I was not against it, but she ought not to go out no more than we; she asked me to go out with her, and said I should not want; she asked to borrow my mistress's hat, she would not lend it, she took it herself, I saw her take it, and she went away; I heard her own to the money before the justice, and say she had given five guineas and a half to
<persName id="t17820220-10-person221"> Dick Vallance
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person221" type="surname" value="Vallance"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person221" type="given" value="Dick"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of her master's money; I heard no promise to induce her to confess; she said she would give back the money as soon as she was taken, I heard her own she took the money.</p>
<p>Denies the confession; says she never said any such thing.</p>
<p>Mrs. Taylor. I work for Lloyd in Thames street; I have known her above four months, she washed for me, and might have deprived me of 20 l. of property of my master's, but she did not; as to the hat, she said it was lent to her; the woman claimed it, and said it was her's.</p>
<p>Did she say any thing about the six guineas? - She said she had lost six guineas, and supposed the prisoner had stole it.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person222"> John Braidon
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person222" type="surname" value="Braidon"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person222" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner near four years, she lived in my house two years, and always bore a very good character.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person223"> Robert Clark
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person223" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person223" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am no relation to the prisoner; I have known her nine years, she has been trusted with plate and such things, I never knew her guilty of any misdemeanor.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person224"> Elizabeth Williams
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person224" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person224" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person224" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known her five years, never heard a bad character of her.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-10-person225"> Ann Franks
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person225" type="surname" value="Franks"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person225" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-person225" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known her from her infancy, she always bore a very good character, she is about twenty-eight, and got her livelihood
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200031"/> by working, before she was married to a barge builder; she has in general a very good character.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-10-verdict58" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-10-verdict58" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-10-verdict58" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing the hat, value 10 d. but not the money </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-11">
<interp inst="t17820220-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-11-off59-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-11-defend227 t17820220-11-off59 t17820220-11-verdict63"/>
<persName id="t17820220-11-defend227" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM NOAKES
<interp inst="t17820220-11-defend227" type="surname" value="NOAKES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-defend227" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-defend227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-11-off59" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-11-off59" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-off59" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing, upon the
<rs id="t17820220-11-cd60" type="crimeDate">9th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-11-off59 t17820220-11-cd60"/> last, a brown horse, value 3 l. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-11-victim229" type="victimName"> Thomas Gurnel
<interp inst="t17820220-11-victim229" type="surname" value="Gurnel"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-victim229" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-victim229" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-11-off59 t17820220-11-victim229"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-11-viclabel61" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-11-victim229 t17820220-11-viclabel61"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-11-person230"> RALPH PIGG
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person230" type="surname" value="PIGG"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person230" type="given" value="RALPH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know of the loss of the horse, on the 9th at night, and 10th in the morning, the horse was upon Mr. Gurnel's premises; I saw the horse in the field adjoining to the yard, in the afternoon of the 9th of December, the next morning he was not to be found, the gates were left open of a kick yard; the outside fence gate of the field was shut, the yard gate to the field open; the horse was gone the next morning, and never found; I know nothing about the prisoner, the horse never was found, nor bridle and saddle.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-11-person231"> Elizabeth Hawkins
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person231" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person231" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person231" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know nothing about this matter.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-11-person232"> ANN HARRIS
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person232" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person232" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person232" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know so far as this, I saw
<persName id="t17820220-11-person233"> William Noakes
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person233" type="surname" value="Noakes"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person233" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner, with the horse, I have known him two years, I saw him with it between eleven and twelve at night, at Mr. Gurnel's door, he had a sack well loaded upon it; this was in the road, I did not see him come out of the gate, it was just by the gate, Mr. Gurnel's gate; the horse belonged to Mr. Gurnel, it was lost on Sunday night, I know the horse by describing him, he had a white star in the forehead, he followed me and offered me half a guinea not to say he had been there.</p>
<p>Describe the horse, what colour? - A reddish-colour'd horse, with a white star in his forehead, it was moon light, when he offered the half guinea I went away from him, he told me he had been buying some lambs, but the sack was cramm'd with these fowls; the gentleman said he lost them, I only know by that.</p>
<p>I am sure I saw him near the gate, it might be a pole from the gate; he was turning the head to the cart way, it was between eleven and twelve on Sunday night; there were two of them, they went towards Little Ealing, he lives at Brentford.</p>
<p>From Prisoner. Ask whether I asked her half guinea or not; I was at home having my shirt washed.</p>
<p>Jury to last Witness. You said it was moon light the 9th of December? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<p>Jury. You will find the moon could not shine that night.</p>
<p>Witness. It was very light.</p>
<p>Court. If any moon, it must be very late.</p>
<p>Witness. I cannot say I saw the moon, but it was very light; I was going home, I had been to Brentford, there was nobody with me.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-11-person234"> ANN SLANG
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person234" type="surname" value="SLANG"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person234" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person234" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know him to be a civil, good kind of a man, I have lived by him two years, he buys pigs in the market, and brings them to town to sell them, I know him to go to bed about nine of a night, he
<rs id="t17820220-11-deflabel62" type="occupation">sells the suckling pigs</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-11-defend227 t17820220-11-deflabel62"/> at Clare-market.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-11-person235"> Elizabeth Davis
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person235" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person235" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-11-person235" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have lived with him in the same house, and say, he has been home every night ever since I lived with him, that is since Michaelmas, constantly.</p>
<p>Do you venture to swear, this man was never out of his lodgings after nine, since Michaelmas? - I can take upon myself to say, he was a bed by nine or before, I never knowed him to be from home one night; I live in the house, and my mother too, and two sisters.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-11-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-11-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-12">
<interp inst="t17820220-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<interp inst="t17820220-12" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-12-off64-c212" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-defend237 t17820220-12-off64 t17820220-12-verdict69"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-12-off64-c213" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-defend239 t17820220-12-off64 t17820220-12-verdict69"/>
<persName id="t17820220-12-defend237" type="defendantName"> JOHN KNOWLES
<interp inst="t17820220-12-defend237" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-defend237" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-defend237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820220-12-defend239" type="defendantName"> JOHN MAY
<interp inst="t17820220-12-defend239" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-defend239" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-defend239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-12-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-12-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17820220-12-victim241" type="victimName"> Thomas Barney Bramstone
<interp inst="t17820220-12-victim241" type="surname" value="Barney Bramstone"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-victim241" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-victim241" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-off64 t17820220-12-victim241"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-12-viclabel65" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-victim241 t17820220-12-viclabel65"/>; about
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200032"/> the hour of seven in the night, and stealing three morine window curtains, a parcel of chair covers, and bed curtains, a bed, bolster and pillows, eight blankets, a counterpane and window curtains, and one iron key, the goods of the said
<persName id="t17820220-12-person242"> Thomas Barney Bramstone
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person242" type="surname" value="Barney Bramstone"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person242" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>, Esq.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person243"> MARGARET BARFOOT
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person243" type="surname" value="BARFOOT"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person243" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person243" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live housemaid with Mr.
<persName id="t17820220-12-person244"> Barney Bramstone
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person244" type="surname" value="Bramstone"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person244" type="given" value="Barney"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in
<placeName id="t17820220-12-crimeloc66">Albemarle-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-crimeloc66" type="placeName" value="Albemarle-street"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-crimeloc66" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-off64 t17820220-12-crimeloc66"/>; I cannot tell the day this robbery was committed, I was in the country; I speak to a pillow and bolster belonging to my Master, I believe M'Donald the constable has it</p>
<p>- M'DONALD sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; I produce a bolster and two pillows found at May's lodgings; Hart told me they were there; he is an accomplice; the coverlid was found where they were sold, in Butler's-alley and in Drury-lane, there were other things found; they have been in my custody ever since; I went and searched Knowles's lodgings, and I found this key, the key of Mr. Bramstone's street door under the stairs, just by the stair case going up to his room, which goes out of Prince's-street into Hedge-lane; this key opens Mr. Bramstone's door: Knowles said at the justice's it was his key, and wanted it sadly from us.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person245"> Margaret Barfoot
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person245" type="surname" value="Barfoot"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person245" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person245" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> deposed, the bolster and two pillows produced were her master's property, and M'Donald said he found the blankets at one Best's lodgings, who is not in custody. The pillow was in the house the beginning of June, when we went into the country; I know the bolster by a particular mark at the end, which I know was on one of our bolsters; it has been cut, and sewed up again; the pillow is like the bolster.</p>
<p>There is no difference between this bolster and any other, but that mark, I did not make the mark nor cut it open, and sow it up again, the bolster was on Mr. Bramstone's bed, it was my business to make that bed.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person246"> MATHEW GOODWIN
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person246" type="surname" value="GOODWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person246" type="given" value="MATHEW"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman in Albemarle-street, the day after Christmas day, at night, about nine o'clock, I found it out this house was broke open; I knocked at Mr. Bramstone's door, as it was open, I asked if they had been any body that day about the house, they said no.</p>
<p>Mrs. Barfoot. There was nobody left in the house, but the key was left with Mrs. Povis's servant, Goodwin, we got assistance, three servants of a gentleman just by, we went into the kitchen, and found the area door burst open, and the lock wrenched and double, every place was open in the house, then we came down again and fastened the door with holes, we went out of the street door and pulled it to, I could tell nothing of what was gone; I found it open when I came on my walk, about a quarter before nine; I never saw the house open before, only that night I found it open, I put my arm in between the door and door cheek.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person247"> WILLIAM CARTWRIGHT
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person247" type="surname" value="CARTWRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person247" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 26th of December, the watchman came to our house, Mr. Berkley's a quarter before eleven, and asked, if I had been to Mr. Bramstone's house, he (the watchman) told me it had been broke open; I had the key, I went in, not of the street door, there was no key-hole to the street door, but the area stairs door had been broke open.</p>
<p>To M'Donald. Did that key open the door near the area gates? - No; but the street over, it opened it on the inside, not the outside.</p>
<p>Cartwright. The middle part of the door was broke, so that a person might get through; I found up stairs, closets and presses, and drawers open, and some trifling things in it scattered about; I had been there ten days before Christmas, and nobody had been to inspect the house after that till the robbery; I missed a bed and several things; I know nothing to affect the prisoner, with breaking in, or taking any thing; this key that was produced opened the door.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200033"/>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person248"> Henry Hart
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person248" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person248" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was called; the Counsel for the prisoner objected to the competency of his evidence; he said that Hart was a common felon, convicted of single felony in 1778, indicted for burglary, and sentenced for four years to raise gravel on the river Thames.</p>
<p>The court said, they should reject his evidence, if the letter was not produced from the Secretary of States office ordering the remission of his sentence.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person249"> DUNCAN CAMPBELL
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person249" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person249" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. sworn.</p>
<p>He produced the order from the Secretary of State for the discharge of Hart from his confinement.</p>
<p>Another objection was made to his evidence, as there was no proof it was the same Hart that was discharged, which the court over-ruled, as Mr. Campbell did not remember any other of the name of Henry Hart, that was so discharged.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person250"> HENRY HART
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person250" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person250" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know May and Knowles, the prisoners at the bar, about a week before Christmas, I, May, Knowles, Munday, and
<persName id="t17820220-12-person251"> John Best
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person251" type="surname" value="Best"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person251" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , went to a house in Albemarle-street.</p>
<p>Do you know whose house that was? - I don't recollect the name, I know it if I heard it; it is the upper end of Albemarle-street, the chain was round the iron area door, that was unlocked by Knowles, he had pick-lock keys, he unlocked it, there was a door he broke open, we were all employed in breaking open the door, there was another door belonging to the kitchen, they could not get in at that door, and they broke a middle part over the door, and lifted Best in, who opened the door within side, this was about seven in the evening, then we all went into the house; in the one pair of stairs, we took away window and bed curtains, and covers of chairs, I cannot tell the number; in the two pair of stairs back room, we took a bed, bolster, and pillows, nobody was in the house but us; Knowles took the bed, and he took this key which belonged to the street door, May took the bolster and pillows, we all came out of the street door; we went by one day in the day-time afterwards; I don't know the value, they were sold to one Mrs. Harris, that lives in Grub-street, for seven guineas, that money was divided amongst us all.</p>
<p>I was three years and seven months upon the hulks, it was the first time.</p>
<p>How soon did you take to this course? - I cannot tell.</p>
<p>How many days might it be? - It might be November or December.</p>
<p>Not begin directly? - No; I had two guineas and a half to spend, Mr. Campbell gave me; I worked at my business a little, at a glass maker's; I have not been tried here above once or twice.</p>
<p>You cannot tell really? - Am I obliged to tell it.</p>
<p>Tell the truth if you can? - I was never cast but once; I was tried upon another wrong affair; I was took up in Park-street for this robbery, in the middle of the street, I was seen coming out of a house, I thought it the best way to give evidence when I was taken up and my life in danger. May, Knowles, and Munday, and Best there, and myself.</p>
<p>This was just three weeks after you came out? - It was a week after Christmas; none of the property was found upon me; about three weeks or a month after the robbery was committed I was taken up; I never gave no information before this, I cannot guess how many robberies I have been concerned in during the three weeks, I believe but three or four, which I am to appear to.</p>
<p>You understand you cannot be tried for this? - If I make my evidence good I think I am safe.</p>
<p>You understand by swearing against those men, your life is safe? - Yes, surely.</p>
<p>You don't mean to begin again? - No; not to go any more.</p>
<p>Jury to Hart. Was that bolster and pillow sold to Mrs. Hart? - No; May had them; I don't know what became of the coverlid, Knowles said he would take the bed to himself, which he did; May took the bolster and pillows, there was no money
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200034"/> or value distributed for them, they were carried to his lodgings by himself; Knowles took the key of the door with him, it was in the lock within side; as soon as the robbery was committed, we went to Harris's, I went the next morning to his lodgings, and saw them at May's.</p>
<p>How came you not to have money for it? - We did not care for the trouble of carrying them, he said he would take them home, we said he might take them to himself if he would, I swear I did not carry them there.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person252"> JOHN YOUNG
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person252" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person252" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 3d of January I went with M'Donald to Knowles's lodgings; we took him out of bed, and searched the places round about, upon the cupboard on the stairs we found this key, with several others; Knowles said it was his cupboard and his keys; he owned it at the justice's; on the 12th of January, we went to May's lodgings, and found a bolster and a couple of pillows; we took him to the rotation office in Litchfield-street; Mr. Bramstone's servant came and owned them.</p>
<p>I am a runner at the office; he was not at home, as his wife said; I don't know how often Hart has been tried.</p>
<p>My lord, in regard of this key, it was taken out of the cupboard upon the staircase, at the lodging-house where I live, it was taken out a fortnight before Christmas; the landlord where I live kept an old iron shop, and sold old keys, and things of that sort, when I went to live with him, but he dying, there came a gentleman to live in the house, who turned it into a coal shed, and part of this man's property was then thrown about the house, and those keys thrown into the cupboard; as to this Hart that has said this, I know no more of him than the child unborn.</p>
<p>MAY's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>My lord, and gentlemen of the jury, I am brought here to answer to a crime that man has alledged against me, which I know no more of than the child unborn; the bolster and pillows, taken from my house, were sent me after I was married, I have been married four years, and have two children; I have witnesses to satisfy you the bolster and pillows were sent out of Lincolnshire, with a bed from my father-in-law's, as a present, with several other things at the time; I have witnesses to prove the identity of them, and their coming out of the country, with regard to the property; I totally deny knowing any thing of the man who has swore this robbery to us to clear himself and his confederates, but I declare to you before the face of the Court and Almighty God in Heaven, I know no more of what I am accused of than the child unborn.</p>
<p>For the prisoner May.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person253"> SARAH CATLEY
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person253" type="surname" value="CATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person253" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person253" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Stanhope-street, Clare-market, I know the prisoner May, I have known him four years, I have lived with him ever since he was married; his wife and I are sisters, (she looked at the bolster) I know the bolster, it came from my father's five years last June, the 9th, and these pillows, they came to my sister when she was married.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person254"> ELIZABETH TOMLINSON
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person254" type="surname" value="TOMLINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person254" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Knightsbridge, I have known May between four and five years, I have been often at his house, I know his father in the country, there was a feather-bed bolster and pillows sent up from my father's in the country, I don't remember how long ago, it was when my sister was married to him, I think about five years in the whole since they were sent; I was at my father's when he sent them, I can swear to it, he sent a feather-bed, pillows, and bolsters, and a pair of blankets, from Lincoln; he kept an inn at Lincoln, they were sent by Bullen's waggon, these are the same, my sister lived with May and his wife in Stanhope-street at the time.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person255"> Sarah Catley
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person255" type="surname" value="Catley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person255" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person255" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> called again, said she lived in the family; that May was a lodger in the house, but part of the furniture was his own.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200035"/>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person256"> THOMAS FINNY
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person256" type="surname" value="FINNY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person256" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known May upwards of twenty years, he is a
<rs id="t17820220-12-deflabel67" type="occupation">taylor</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-defend239 t17820220-12-deflabel67"/>, I have employed him, I never knew any thing ill of him, he always to my knowledge bore a good character; I have had correspondence with him and his friends, I live in Frith street, Soho, have been a master taylor twenty-five years.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person257"> Alice Steward
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person257" type="surname" value="Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person257" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person257" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I keep a shop in Exeter-change, I have known him twenty years, I have trusted him hundreds of times and found him very honest.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person258"> James Marchant
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person258" type="surname" value="Marchant"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person258" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a taylor, was apprentice to Finny, have known him seven or eight years, till very lately, he is very honest.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person259"> WILLIAM NEWHOUSE
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person259" type="surname" value="NEWHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person259" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a master taylor, and live in the Borough; he worked with me three or four years, I never heard any thing amiss of him till now.</p>
<p>To Knowles's Character.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person260"> John Hurley
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person260" type="surname" value="Hurley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person260" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a corn-merchant; have known him three or four years, he was then a
<rs id="t17820220-12-deflabel68" type="occupation">gentleman's servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-12-defend237 t17820220-12-deflabel68"/>, he used to come into a public-house that I had for beer, his general character was very good, he lodged with me, was recommended by the person that had the house before me; he lived there before I came, I have trusted him with a great deal of furniture; it is two or three years ago.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person261"> Joseph Tunks
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person261" type="surname" value="Tunks"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person261" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a locksmith, have known him near five years, his character that I always heard was good, for nine months have seen him almost every day, trusted him with many things; I never furnished Knowles with any pick-lock keys.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-12-person262"> John Rowley
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person262" type="surname" value="Rowley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person262" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-12-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a shoemaker, Clerkenwell-close, has known Knowles three years; a very honest man.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-12-verdict69" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-12-verdict69" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Baron PERRYN.</p>
<p>(These prisoners were tried afterwards upon another Indictment, where Hart was admitted an evidence, and both convicted).</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-13">
<interp inst="t17820220-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-13-off70-c237" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-defend266 t17820220-13-off70 t17820220-13-verdict75"/>
<p>169, 170.
<persName id="t17820220-13-defend264" type="defendantName"> JOHN KNOWLES
<interp inst="t17820220-13-defend264" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-defend264" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-defend264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820220-13-defend266" type="defendantName"> JOHN MAY
<interp inst="t17820220-13-defend266" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-defend266" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-defend266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-13-off70" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-13-off70" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-off70" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17820220-13-victim268" type="victimName"> Charlotte Lewis
<interp inst="t17820220-13-victim268" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-victim268" type="given" value="Charlotte"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-victim268" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-13-viclabel71" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-victim268 t17820220-13-viclabel71"/>, about the hour of seven in the night of the
<rs id="t17820220-13-cd72" type="crimeDate">eleventh of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-off70 t17820220-13-cd72"/>, and stealing therein four dozen of linen shirts, value 25 l. 4 s. ten dimity waistcoats, value 5 s. a parcel of cambrick handkerchiefs and cambrick half handkerchiefs, four pair of Nankeen breeches, some linen drawers, six pair of thread stockings, value 12 s. three silk handkerchiefs, value 6 s. four cotton handkerchiefs, six pair of silk stockings, value 18 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-13-victim270" type="victimName"> William Blacketter
<interp inst="t17820220-13-victim270" type="surname" value="Blacketter"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-victim270" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-victim270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and a parcel of linen, the property of
<persName id="t17820220-13-person271"> Charlotte Lewis
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person271" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person271" type="given" value="Charlotte"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person271" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person272"> CHARLOTTE LEWIS
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person272" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person272" type="given" value="CHARLOTTE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person272" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, sworn.</p>
<p>I was not at home when my house in
<placeName id="t17820220-13-crimeloc73">Green-street, Grosvenor-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-crimeloc73" type="placeName" value="Green-street, Grosvenor-square"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-crimeloc73" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-off70 t17820220-13-crimeloc73"/>, was robbed, I was at Bath, I know nothing more than by information of this robbery, I only come to prove the things, I left
<persName id="t17820220-13-person273"> Jane Northover
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person273" type="surname" value="Northover"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person273" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person273" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> in the house.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person274"> JANE NORTHOVER
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person274" type="surname" value="NORTHOVER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person274" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went out of the house on Friday the 11th of January, about a quarter after six in the evening, there was nobody left in the house, I shut the door after me, it was a spring lock, I had the key in my hand, nobody could open it without picking it; I did not return till
<persName id="t17820220-13-person275"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person275" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person275" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to the next door, at the baker's, and informed me the house was broke open, and the thieves were gone off with the property, this was rather before seven, I received the information, I went to the house, I gave the key to
<persName id="t17820220-13-person276"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person276" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person276" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who was with me, he endeavoured to open the door which was bolted within side, he put the key in and turned the lock, and the door would not open, I tried it myself with the key, I could not open it, I heard people talking within, they endeavoured to open the door against us, they broke it half open, I saw it.</p>
<p>Was it opened by the people within side? - Yes;
<persName id="t17820220-13-person277"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person277" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person277" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , when he perceived the door coming open, he pulled it to, and double lock'd it, in order to keep the thieves in; I heard something drop withinside the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200036"/> door, and rattle like silver; we found afterwards a salt spoon, a salt and table spoon, I looked towards the pallisadoes, I saw one man come and look through the parlour window, he cut the Venetian blinds across, ran his cutlass through the window, threw up the sash, and jumped out with a cutlass in his hand.</p>
<p>Is there any area before the windows? - Yes; a sort of a wide area; he jumped clear over the iron pallisadoes; (describing the area about four feet wide) I saw nothing more; there was a cry of stop thief; one man struck at the last person with a candlestick, one
<persName id="t17820220-13-person278"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person278" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person278" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> did; they all got over in about five minutes, one was brought back again, which was
<persName id="t17820220-13-person279"> Henry Hart
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person279" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person279" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , nine of the others were then taken, I saw their persons but could not swear to either but Hart, if he had not been brought back I could not have swore to him; I believe
<persName id="t17820220-13-person280"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person280" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person280" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> went in first to the house, I followed him, he picked up the salt spoon and silver salt, a silver table spoon, and a silk handkerchief; the house was then searched instantly, but no more persons found, I searched and found a great many things gone, which I saw there not an hour before the house was robbed, I am certain they were in the house that evening; I don't believe the men who jumped out carried any thing with them but their cutlasses; when I went out, the back of the house was locked and bolted safe, and when I went in, it was the same.</p>
<p>The things enumerated are pretty bulky, from what part of the house must they be carried? - I don't know;
<persName id="t17820220-13-person281"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person281" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person281" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> does I believe; Hart confessed, and said he knew where the property was.</p>
<p>If Hart was prisoner at the bar, you would have it, no doubt, he committed the robbery? - Not the smallest doubt.</p>
<p>To Mrs. Lewis. How came Hart to be admitted an evidence?</p>
<p>Northover. He was carried to the office, and offered to give information, I heard he had been tried before; to secure the property they admitted him an evidence.</p>
<p>Mrs. Lewis said she did not know any thing about it, she was out of town at the time.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person282"> ANN NEWELL
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person282" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person282" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person282" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Green-street, nearly opposite Mrs. Lewis's.</p>
<p>Relate what you saw on the evening of the robbery? - About seven in the evening I saw men go into Mrs. Lewis's house, one got into the window.</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding stated the case to the jury who had tried Knowles and May before when Hart's evidence was received he stated, that what Hart gave in evidence, might be supported by other witnesses, so make his evidence equal to any unimpeached testimoney whatever; that Hart was taken in consequence of the pursuit, he gave information of the others, the officers apprehended the two men, who had taken a cane of Mr. Blacketter, which was found at the house of Mrs. Harris, a receiver, and one of these men were apprehended there, and a girl discovered there with Mrs. Lewis's property about her, which will confirm Hart in his evidence.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person283"> ANN NEWELL
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person283" type="surname" value="NEWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person283" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person283" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I observed one man go in at the window, and he let the other three in at the door; they all went in, then I gave the alarm to the people that were in our house, to my fellow servants, to
<persName id="t17820220-13-person284"> John Lee
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person284" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person284" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the coachman; I then looked out of my window, and saw two persons come out with bundles; I had left the window to give the alarm, no longer than I could go up and down stairs; I saw nothing more.</p>
<p>The remainder of this Trial in our next Number, which will be published in a few days.</p>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="t17820220-13">
<interp inst="t17820220-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200037"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY OF LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 20th of February, 1782, and the following Days,</p>
<p>Being the THIRD SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble.
<persName id="t17820220-13-person285"> WILLIAM PLOMER
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person285" type="surname" value="PLOMER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person285" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. LORD MAYOR OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person286"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person286" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person286" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Printed for the PROPRIETOR
<persName id="t17820220-13-person287"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person287" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person287" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and sold by him at No. 4, Dean street, Fetter-Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200038"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>Continued from Page 218 of the last Number.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person288"> JOHN LEE
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person288" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person288" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live along with Mrs. Palmer of Green-street; in consequence of the alarm, I went over to alarm the maid in the house; I saw before that some people were lurking backwards and forwards; I had seen the maid go into the baker's next door, I went there and informed her, I and the maid and my fellow servant went to the door, she had given me the key, I went to unlock the door, and I found it bolted by force; they opened the door in part within side, I heard them draw the bolt; I pulled the door to again with all the force I had, and locked it and kept the key turned in my hand, to prevent their coming out; I heard something rattle behind the door, as if something dropt; they came to the window, threw it up, and three persons got up into it, and jumped out one after the other; the area they jumped over might be about five feet, they cleared the rails; I struck the last with a heavy brass candlestick, he had like to have fallen, he slipt, but rose again, and got off, I followed him, they had all three drawn cutlasses, when I saw them at the window; when the last man jumped, I hallo'd out, stop thief, till he was taken, which was
<persName id="t17820220-13-person289"> Harry Hart
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person289" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person289" type="given" value="Harry"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he was stopt about eight or ten yards off, the others went down Green-street, this man turned up Park-street; we took Hart back to the house, searched him, and found this crow upon him, (a small hand crow) and found the things laying on the mat we heard drop; the first man that jumped was a short man, the second a taller, and Hart shorter; I could not swear to either of them, but Hart was never out of my sight.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person290"> WILLIAM BLACKETTER
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person290" type="surname" value="BLACKETTER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person290" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I had a room in Mrs. Lewis's house as a lodger; I live with captain Conway, I went out of town in December, about the latter end, to Rangley, and came back three days after the robbery; when I left Mrs. Lewis's, I left four dozen of shirts, four pair of white dimity breeches, ten dimity waistcoats, six stocks, eighteen cambrick handkerchiefs, eight half handkerchiefs, four pair of Nanking breeches, four pair of linen drawers, six cotton night-caps, six pair of thread stocking, three silk handkerchiefs, four Indian pullycat cotton handkerchiefs, a cane, six pair of silk stockings.</p>
<p>Was that cane such a one as you can identify? - Yes; I have it since, I can swear to it; other things are produced; I first saw it again at the office, I have seen the cane and some of the things, I saw them there the 15th, the next day after I came home, I saw some of the breeches and some of the shirts at the office, and the drawers and three silk handkerchiefs, a cotton one, and two waistcoats.</p>
<p>Were any of them so marked you knew them? - Yes; I lived with the late General Ahmerst, and got all his property, his
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200039"/> cloaths, when he died; the cambrick handkerchiefs were marked W. A. the initials of his name, and the other handkerchiefs, the cotton and silk one were marked with General Conway's name, H. A. C. they were Mr. Conway's, the cane was the late General Amherst's, there was a black mark just under the head as if burnt, I can swear to it, I am perfectly sure it was mine, there is a Nanking waistcoat has my own full name in the back of it.</p>
<p>A metal headed cane? - Yes.</p>
<p>No letter on it? - No; the head joins on to the mark.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person291"> THOMAS CARPMEAL
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person291" type="surname" value="CARPMEAL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person291" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an officer at the public office, on the 11th of January we went to Mrs. Harris's, about a quarter past eight in the evening, to search for a portmanteau that had been taken away, cut, she lives in Butler's-alley, Grub-street, there were four or five of us, there were two doors, two went to one door, and M'Manus and I went to the other door, on listening at the key-hole, I heard some men's voices, I knocked at the door, it was opened, Mrs. Harris was at the foot of the stairs, when I got in, I found M'Manus, who had just got in at the other door just before me, there was the prisoner May sitting down upon a chair, he appeared to be doing something to his breeche's knees, Knowles was standing with his back towards the fire, there was not a yard between Knowles and May, there was a table between them with one cutlass upon it; M'Manus said, Knowles, don't throw any thing away, he put his hand to his pocket, I went up to him, and pulled out these pick-lock keys, (producing a bunch of pick-lock keys.) there was a cane stood reared against the chimney-piece; I asked Mrs. Harris, in the presence of the prisoner, who that cane belonged to, Mrs. Harris said, she did not know, she never saw it before in her life, I asked Knowles and May what they did there, they said they came there to see Mrs. Harris, about a person on board the lighters, May had eighteen guineas and two half guineas found upon him.</p>
<p>You did not go upon Hart's information? - No; we were upon other business; Knowles said he was going to carry something down on board the lighters, I believe Mrs. Harris's husband is there; I went over the house to search it, but found nothing more; there were a pair of new boots below, Mrs. Harris said were her's.</p>
<p>Court. Were any other persons at her house? - Only one Rocket, a brother of her's, who was ill in bed, and had been so some time, to my knowledge; Knowles said, damn my blood what is this, I just heard it, I did not take any particular notice of their appearance; finding the pick-lock keys upon them, we took them up as suspicious persons.</p>
<p>There was nothing struck you in particular but the keys? - No; this was a little after eight we went there, we were there three quarters of an hour, when we went out, we soon heard the clock strike nine, I should think it was about three quarters after eight; nothing particular struck us of their appearance, only the keys, I think Knowles had the same great coat off, they were sent to prison.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person292"> PATRICK M'MANUS
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person292" type="surname" value="M'MANUS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person292" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was with Mr. Carpmeal on the 11th of January last, we went to Mrs. Harris's together.</p>
<p>Court. It is not less than three miles from Mr. Lewis's?</p>
<p>M'Manus. I believe it was near eight o'clock, Carpmeal and I stopped at the door, listened, could hear nothing, we sent two men to the other door; a girl opened the door, and seemed to try to prevent my coming in, I pushed into the house, I said Jack, don't throw any thing away, he said, I will not; Mr. Carpmeal came in, I found these two keys, and I found another key under the woman upon the chair, when I had made her get up; I found the keys by the sender, just behind where Knowles had been standing, I saw nothing taken out of his pocket, when I turned round, Carpmeal said, he had found some on Knowles; we found this cutlass upon a little table between
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200040"/> them, May was gartering his stockings, there was no other cutlass but that one found, I asked May, does this cutlass belong to you he said no, I asked Knowles, he said no, then says I, I will have it; this cane was behind a chair that nobody was sitting on, rather between Knowles and May set on the other side, they both denied the cane and cutlass, Carpmeal went up stairs, and Mrs. Harris, when Carpmeal came down I went and searched the cellars, we could find nothing I thought we had a right to take away; I searched May's pockets, and found eighteen guineas and two half guineas, and what we came out in quest of that night was money; seeing them all good new guineas, I returned them to him again, Knowles had eighteen pence, Mr. Prothero searched Mrs. Harris, there were a great many new guineas upon her, we took the men and left her.</p>
<p>I believe the house was searched very carefully, we asked Mrs. Harris who these things belonged to, she said they were not her's.</p>
<p>If you had only found the keys, you would have taken them? - I should, as suspicious persons; nothing in particular struck me of their appearance; she being a notorious receiver, I should have taken up any body I found there.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person293"> DENIS M'DONALD
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person293" type="surname" value="M'DONALD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person293" type="given" value="DENIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at Litchfield on the evening of the 11th of January; Hart was brought there, in consequence of information I received from him, I went to Mrs. Harris's in Butler's alley; we got there between nine and ten o'clock, some of the people went into Mrs. Harris's house, I stood in the court, I saw one
<persName id="t17820220-13-person294"> Elizabeth Wild
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person294" type="surname" value="Wild"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person294" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person294" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> coming out within a door or two, Grub and Dixon went there, I saw
<persName id="t17820220-13-person295"> Elizabeth Wild
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person295" type="surname" value="Wild"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person295" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person295" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and another come out with two bundles out of a house in the same court, I stopped the girl with a key of the door in her hand, she is in custody.</p>
<p>Q. Suggested by May the prisoner, asked by his Counsel of Mr. M'Manus, whether he did not ask leave to go into the yard, and whether he did not return? - He did; both had it in their power to go off if they would.</p>
<p>Court. Did they appear over-heated, or, very dirty about the legs? - No; I said to May have you been running, as I saw him gartering up his stockings, that was the only reason I had for asking him.</p>
<p>To M'Donald. I took the girl into the house again where she came from, and locked the door myself, there was nobody in the house, I know Mrs. Harris's house, it was not the house she lived in, I cannot tell whether it was her house; I sent for Grub to come to my assistance, and tied up a great many things that are in the indictment; these things were tied up in these two bundles which belong to this business, the girl had them in her hand, we searched the house through; we found at Best's lodgings these stockings of Mr. Blacketter;
<persName id="t17820220-13-person296"> Elizabeth Wild
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person296" type="surname" value="Wild"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person296" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person296" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the girl, is in custody.</p>
<p>Court. I think it would be better to admit her as a witness? - She was asked, and said she found them.</p>
<p>Are you able to fix who owns the house? - Mrs. Harris's sister, I heard from Hart.</p>
<p>To Carpmeal. Did they know whose house this was? - No.</p>
<p>To Grub. Have you had an opportunity of knowing whose house this was, where the things were found? - No.</p>
<p>To Mr. Blacketter. Describe the cane as particular as you can? - It was a round head and a black mark at the bottom of the head, as if burnt near the string, I don't recollect how far from the head it is, not above an inch and a half down.</p>
<p>Did you recollect the mark of the cane before it was found? - Yes; I don't know I told any body of it before it was found; I had it in my hand almost twenty years.</p>
<p>Was the mark an inch, or inch and a half from the head, or close under it? - I think it was quite close, and the mark came down about an inch, I believe.</p>
<p>Did it run along the cane, or down it? - I think it runs down along side of the head.</p>
<p>Are there any other marks, from which you could discover it, was it chased or plain? - There is a little raised work on it, I don't know the term, I kept it for the sake of the person it belonged to; it was at my bed's head, I had a short cane string to it,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200041"/> when I left it at home, it was a longish ferril, about two or three inches long.</p>
<p>Did you observe whether it was strait or bent? - A little bent.</p>
<p>You left it at your bed's head? - Yes.</p>
<p>You described this before you saw it as a gold head? - No.</p>
<p>(The Counsel read the commitment from the calendar.) I told the justice it was General Amherst's, and I never said it was gold; M'Manus asked if it was gold, I said I did not know; all the time I had it, I did not know whether it was gold or not, he bought it at Bath; I will not swear to an inch in the length of the ferril; there is no other mark that I know of.</p>
<p>(The cane shewed him.) That is the cane, I can safely swear this was Gen. Amherst's before he died.</p>
<p>Court to M'Manus. That is the same cane in the situation you found it? - It is; it never has been out of my possession till now since it was taken.</p>
<p>(The bundles were directed to be opened.)</p>
<p>Mr. Blacketter said they were his things.</p>
<p>Mrs. Lewis said there was a sheet amongst them, her property.</p>
<p>Blacketter. Here is General Amherst's name upon one cambrick handkerchief; I have no doubt this is the very same. He took one out of his pocket, and said it was the same, he bought it for him at a Mr. Blunt's; there was General Amherst's name on them; there is H. S. C. upon these, marked with red ink.</p>
<p>Mr. Fielding called
<persName id="t17820220-13-person297"> Henry Hart
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person297" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person297" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person298"> HENRY HART
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person298" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person298" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 11th of January, on Friday night, I, May, Knowles, Best, and Munday, went to the best of my knowledge, about seven o'clock; we went to a house in Green-street, Knowles went up to the door and knocked at it twice or three times, and found there was nobody at home, he took one of the pick-lock keys, and tried to unlock the door, he could not undo it with the first key, he saw the window shutters open to the parlour, he said he would get in that way, he put Best over the rails, he shoved the window up and got in, went round to the door and unlocked it, we all went into the house together to a back parlour, a bed room, and took away the property; they all came out of that room, all the property was in that room, we all went out of the street door, all five, we got to the bottom of the street; I gave Knowles the keys, and to May I gave the cane, which I took out of the bed room that is backwards, even floor, we went into no other rooms but the back parlour that night; at the bottom of the street, Man and Knowles said, we will go to Mrs. Harris's while you three go back again, there must be some more property up stairs; we three went back, I, Best, and Munday, Best got over the area, the same as he did before, we had shut the door after us, before it went with a spring, Best got into the window and he let us two in, we went up one pair of stairs, there was nothing but a salt and a silver spoon, we heard some people at the door which alarmed us, and we came down, we came to the door and found it fast, we went into the parlour and shoved the window up, and jumped out of the window over the area into the street, I was taken in Park-street soon after, I was pursued and taken.</p>
<p>What property had you found in the back parlour? - Shirts and linen; they were all put into a brown bag, Knowles took them on his back; we all came out together, and we got as far as the bottom of the street before we three agreed to go back again; we were up stairs at first, came down upon the alarm, found it fast, they could not come in upon us, we had bolted it with inside, we unbolted it and tryed to pull it open, and somebody held it fast on the outside.</p>
<p>Had you any arms? - There was I believe two cutlasses, Best and Munday had a cutlass each, I had a stick, May had a cutlass; when I first went to the house, to the best of my knowledge it was about seven o'clock.</p>
<p>How long might you be there before you all came out the first time? - About ten minute</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200042"/>Are you pretty exact about the time you went there? - I believe I am pretty near the mark when I say seven o'clock, I had a watch and had looked half an hour before. These things were to be carried to Butler's alley, in Grub-street, to Mrs. Harris's.</p>
<p>Grub and M'Daniel were ordered out of Court.</p>
<p>Court. The things were to be carried to Mrs. Harris's in Grub-street? - Yes; when I was at the office I gave that information, I told them it, Mrs. Harris's, an alley in Grub-street, they said they knew it, I said it faced the ruins, they said it was, they had been there before, I told them if the things were not at her house, there was a house within a door or two lower where the property was conveyed to that she buys, after she has bought it.</p>
<p>Who lived in that house a door or two lower? - I cannot say who lived in it; I knew Mrs. Harris's house well before, it is first carried to the house where she lives, and then conveyed to the other where she lives.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination by Counsel. I am going to twenty five.</p>
<p>At what age was it you began thieving? - I don't chuse to tell that.</p>
<p>Court. He is not clear as to all felonies.</p>
<p>Mr. Silvester said, he cannot be indicted for any previous felony.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Buller and Mr. Recorder were both of opinion, that he was liable to indictment for other felonies, or a man might give evidence of a petty felony, and by that means get off from others; his being admitted to be an evidence, in one case, could not amount to a general pardon.</p>
<p>Hart deposed, upon a farther cross-examination, that he was discharged in November from the lighters, that he began robbing again in December; that he had the good fortune to escape with a watch in his pocket; he knew Mrs. Harris's very well, that he had been there about twice or thrice in a fortnight, and that she purchased things of him; the moment he was in custody he began to squeak; when taken he had a cutlass in his hand, that he held Best's cutlass while Best came out; only two of them out of the three had cutlasses; that it was not him but Best that was catch'd by the spikes; that he was not the person that was struck with the candlestick; that the cutlass was not drawn, that he hurt the man with the butt end of it that was going to take him; that he had a stick first, which he let drop; that when he got out of the window he stopped half a minute, and saw the other coming out, then he went away as fast as he could; Best did not clear the rails quite, he hung by his coat, and tore it away; that as soon as the people at the door saw him jump out of the window, they cried stop thief; that Best was near them, he supposed they did not like his cutlass, and so did not take him; but they came after him (Hart.)</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person299"> Ann Newell
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person299" type="surname" value="Newell"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person299" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person299" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> called again. Said, the first she saw of it was at seven in the evening; then she saw the man get into Mrs. Lewis's window, and let the others in at the door; she went down stairs and gave the alarm, came up again directly, and looked out of her window, and saw two men come out with bundles; it was a very little time after they went in; Lee came in after she had given the alarm to her fellow servants, and he went over to the baker's; that she saw the two men come out with bundles before Lee went over; that when she first gave the alarm, there were only women in the house, who were afraid to open the door.</p>
<p>Lee called again. Said he went over to the baker's immediately, upon his fellow-servant telling him what she had seen; it was about a minute before he and Mrs. Lewis's maid went to the door; the three men appeared upon the fill of the window with cutlasses; he struck at the last man that came out with a candlestick, and that baffled him so, that he did not clear the rails; the rest ran away directly; he never lost sight of Hart till he got round the chair, where the chairman took him.</p>
<p>Court. Was this Hart the man that you struck at, and the man that you took after? - Yes; I am sure of it, there are several people to prove it; at the time the chairman took Hart, the chairman's mouth bled, there was a kind of scuffle; when they
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200043"/> jumped out, their cutlasses were all drawn, he believed there were three drawn, two he was sure of.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person300"> JOHN MAY
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person300" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person300" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>Upon the 11th day of January I had dined at home, at the corner of Stanhope-street, I have got an aged father and mother, that have lived in a very good way; through misfortunes in life they have failed, they are not capable of taking care of themselves so well as I could wish them, they brought me up in a very good way of life; I went over with intent, as I have done for these two years past, since they have failed, to pay their little rent for them, they lived at one Mr. Green's, who is gone, unluckily for me, into the country, or he could have proved it I stayed with my father and mother I suppose till it was near six o'clock, in Kent-street, in the Borough; I paid the rent, which was two pounds for the quarter, he is a man of very great age; I came through the Borough about six o'clock, and over London Bridge, I met one Clark, who is a Custom-house waiter, or something of that kind, he is not here, I have had every body here since Wednesday that I could; I went into a house, many people know the sign of it here, it is called the Tumble down Dick, a public-house just before you come to the foot of London Bridge, there I staid and drank part of six pennyworth of shrub and water with Clark, I came over London Bridge at very near seven, it was not quite seven; I went and called at Red-cross-street, a very little way from Moorfields, from thence I went and called at Cashmore's, that keeps a house in Long-lane, Smithfield; I thought the best way was to go across Bishopsgate Church-yard, and across Moor-fields; I met my fellow prisoner who stands by me, I met him as he was coming along the City-road, I said, Knowles, he turns round, and said to me, how do you do, says I, I am pretty well, I have not seen you some time says he, I told him I had not seen him; he asked me to go along with him to call at Mrs. Harris's, and said, he would then go home with me; I had not been in two minutes (he turns round to talk to her, I never saw her before) while we were there, there was a knock at the door, in come Carpmeal, M'Manus, and two more; they said, hallo, what do you do here, I said I had called in with Knowles, says M'Manus, I must search you; I said you may, I have nothing about me that I am afraid of, I have nothing but a little money, which is my own; they took it out of my pocket, and gave it to me again: all my witnesses have been here since Wednesday in waiting, but they are not here now, the Court have heard the four that were here the last time I was tried.</p>
<p>Mr. Burt came to speak in his behalf, and gave him a good character; said he had known him fifteen years, that he had worked for him as a
<rs id="t17820220-13-deflabel74" type="occupation">taylor</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-defend266 t17820220-13-deflabel74"/>, and made him cloaths.</p>
<p>Upon the 11th of January I had been in the city road; coming across Moorfields, I passed by May; he called to me by name, as being near sighted I did not observe him, I asked him how he did, as we had not seen one another some time; he asked me where I was going, I told him to one Mrs. Harris's, that lived somewhere by Grub-street, I wanted to call upon her to know how her husband did, as I had known him many years, I asked him to go with me, he did, and coming down to Grub-street, we met two men coming out of Mrs. Harris's door, as we were coming up the court, I knowing it to be Mrs. Harris's door, stopt, we heard the bolt go; we knocked some time before we could get in; Mrs. Harris asked from the window who we were, I could not make her understand, the maid opened the door; when I came into the house this cutlass that is produced in court laid upon the round table; immediately the maid says my mistress is gone up stairs a minute, she will be down in a moment; you must understand, there are two doors in the house, as the gentleman said that took us, one door shuts into the front kitchen, and at the foot of the stairs there is a back door; that goes out; I heard some talk above; Mrs. Harris came down stairs to us; upon her coming down stairs, these gentlemen came
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200044"/> and knocked at the door, upon hearing them come in, a woman that sat in the chair ill, said, God bless you take hold of these things, and put them in your pocket, (the pick-lock keys) thoughtless of what they were, as they were done up in a rag, I held them by my side in the rag, not in my pocket, Mr. M'Manus found several about the sender, that were put there as they came into the house; they asked me what I did there, I told them I was coming to ask Mrs. Harris after her husband, they said I must go with them, I said would go with all my heart, we went to justice Wright's, we were examined a part, and Mr. Wright was going as we thought to discharge us, he thought proper to keep us, we were at the Watch-house, and trusted out and in, but knowing ourselves innocent, we never offered to get away; we could have made off but we would not; he called for two witnesses, Harris and Smart, who did not appear.</p>
<p>Court. For the sake of detection of offenders, and bringing them to punishment, for the preservation of the public, by disclosing dangerous confederacies of men in iniquity, it is held, that an accomplice should be, in point of law, an admissible witness; but the legislature, and those that have administred the law, feeling that such a person, who, in the very act of giving his evidence, acknowledging himself to be guilty of a great offence against the laws, stood in circumstances of considerable discredit, have also, that the lives of men might not be at the mercy of informers of that character and description, always held, that unless the evidence of the accomplice is confirmed by other material circumstances affecting the parties who are accused, upon that single evidence, no man's life or personal security should be taken away; and upon the single evidence of an accomplice, unsupported by circumstances, courts of justice will never permit a prisoner to be convicted. So much has that principle prevailed, and so thoroughly is it established, that the general practice is not to examine an accomplice at all, till some other circumstances have been given in evidence affecting the person concerned, which can lay a foundation for the evidence of the accomplice, and enable the court to say, before the accomplice is examined, there are circumstances that tend to throw a suspicion upon the party accused, which may confirm or destroy the story then to be told by the accomplice; therefore, the law for the sake of punishment of the guilty, admits the evidence of accomplices, but with great caution, and it is for the consideration of the jury, when that evidence is admitted, how far it is confirmed by other circumstances, and upon the evidence itself given by the accomplice, whether he is deserving of any, and what degree of credit; for the evidence of one accomplice may be so circumstanced as to be more deserving of weight than another; and the degree of credit the jury will give to an accomplice when examined, must be left to them in the circumstances he stands, and upon all the circumstances of the case; so far may he said, that if juries are, because a man stands in the light of an accomplice, totally to disbelieve all he says upon that account, and give him no credit at all, and not suffer his evidence to be considered as any addition to the other circumstances, it defeats the principle of law intirely, which admits the accomplice to be examined, for it would be perfectly nugatory to examine a man, to whom in no case you ought to give any credit; the credit of an accomplice is like the credit of another person, but certainly liable to circumstances of discredit, from his being an accomplice.</p>
<p>In this case there is another circumstance respecting this evidence of Hart, which is an additional circumstance of discredit; he has been convicted of another felony, for which he has suffered the punishment of the law, and is restored to his competency of being a witness, but still his character is affected by that circumstance also, and the degree of credit arising from that circumstance as well as the other, is a matter for the consideration of the jury. As to his evidence in this case, you will consider how it stands, not totally rejecting it, but receiving it with caution, and carefully examining
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200045"/>how far it is confirmed by other circumstances; with respect to that, you should understand this also, that the circumstances that confirm the evidence of an accomplice, are not merely those that relate to the commission of the fact, because being an accomplice, necessarily supposes he was a person assisting in the commission of the fact, and therefore he must know the circumstances that attend the fact; of which he was one of the perpetrators; therefore I don't conceive that those circumstances, which merely attend the commission of the fact; without serving to point out the persons who were concerned in that fact, are to be considered as confirming the testimony of the accomplice, because the point in which his testimony is to be confirmed, is not that a robbery was committed, but that the parties charged, were the parties together with him, committing that robbery; therefore you will consider in this case, what circumstances there are affecting the prisoners, with suspicion of being concerned in this robbery, and those, circumstances are to be taken in confirmation of the positive testimony of the accomplice.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person301"> JOHN KNOWLES
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person301" type="surname" value="KNOWLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person301" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820220-13-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-13-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17820220-13-punish76" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-13-punish76" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-defend264 t17820220-13-punish76"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-13-defend266 t17820220-13-punish76"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-13-person302"> JOHN MAY
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person302" type="surname" value="MAY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person302" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-13-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , GUILTY. Death.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-14">
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<persName id="t17820220-14-defend304" type="defendantName"> JOHN RYAN
<interp inst="t17820220-14-defend304" type="surname" value="RYAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-defend304" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-defend304" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-defend304" type="age" value="sixteen"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-14-off77" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-14-off77" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-off77" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing fifty-six pounds weight of butter, value 30 s. and one firkin that contained it </rs>; the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-14-victim306" type="victimName"> William Inwood
<interp inst="t17820220-14-victim306" type="surname" value="Inwood"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-14-off77 t17820220-14-victim306"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The prosecutor deposed, he
<rs id="t17820220-14-viclabel78" type="occupation">kept a cheesemonger's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-14-victim306 t17820220-14-viclabel78"/> in
<placeName id="t17820220-14-crimeloc79">Oxford market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-crimeloc79" type="placeName" value="Oxford market"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-14-off77 t17820220-14-crimeloc79"/>; that one
<persName id="t17820220-14-person307"> Michael Warn
<interp inst="t17820220-14-person307" type="surname" value="Warn"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-person307" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a butcher's boy, told him the prisoner had got the butter, upon which he ran out, and caught the prisoner with the firkin of butter on his shoulder.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-14-person308"> Michael Warn
<interp inst="t17820220-14-person308" type="surname" value="Warn"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-person308" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed, he saw the
<rs id="t17820220-14-deflabel80" type="occupation">boy</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-14-defend304 t17820220-14-deflabel80"/> take it from the door, where it stood.</p>
<p>The prisoner said a man bid him carry it to a coach, he was going with it, and Mr. Inwood came and took him; that he was going on sixteen years of age.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-14-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-14-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-14-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-14-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-14-punish82" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-14-defend304 t17820220-14-punish82"/> To be publicly whipped in Oxford market </rs>, and
<rs id="t17820220-14-punish83" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-14-punish83" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-14-defend304 t17820220-14-punish83"/> imprisoned one month </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-15">
<interp inst="t17820220-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-15-off84-c276" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-15-defend310 t17820220-15-off84 t17820220-15-verdict85"/>
<persName id="t17820220-15-defend310" type="defendantName"> ROBERT ROCKET
<interp inst="t17820220-15-defend310" type="surname" value="ROCKET"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15-defend310" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15-defend310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-15-off84" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-15-off84" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15-off84" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> robbing his lodging-room of the furniture </rs>.</p>
<p>No prosecution.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-15-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-15-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-15-verdict85" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-16">
<interp inst="t17820220-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-16-off86-c277" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-16-defend312 t17820220-16-off86 t17820220-16-verdict88"/>
<persName id="t17820220-16-defend312" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM CALLEY
<interp inst="t17820220-16-defend312" type="surname" value="CALLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-defend312" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-defend312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-16-off86" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-16-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-16-cd87" type="crimeDate">14th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-16-off86 t17820220-16-cd87"/> last, one iron bar, value 3 s. belonging to
<persName id="t17820220-16-victim314" type="victimName"> William Gillard
<interp inst="t17820220-16-victim314" type="surname" value="Gillard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-victim314" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-victim314" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-16-off86 t17820220-16-victim314"/> </persName> , being then and there fixed to the dwelling house of the said
<persName id="t17820220-16-person315"> William Gillard
<interp inst="t17820220-16-person315" type="surname" value="Gillard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-person315" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-16-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>There was no evidence to convict the prisoner of the offence charged in the indictment, so far from stealing it, he did not appear he came to take away the bar, but to break, into the house, for as soon as he had loosened it, he let it drop down, and never took it away; the jury were directed to acquit him.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-16-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-16-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17820220-17-defend317" type="defendantName"> PHEBE WHEELER
<interp inst="t17820220-17-defend317" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-defend317" type="given" value="PHEBE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-defend317" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-17-off89" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-17-off89" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-off89" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, one cotton gown, value 10 s. a silk and stuff gown, value 10 s. a pair of green jumps, value 2 s. a sattin cloak, white, and a checque apron </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-17-victim319" type="victimName"> Mary Finch
<interp inst="t17820220-17-victim319" type="surname" value="Finch"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-victim319" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-victim319" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-17-off89 t17820220-17-victim319"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>There was no proof of the prisoner's person.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-17-verdict90" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-17-verdict90" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200046"/>(One
<persName id="t17820220-17-person320"> Thomas Hill
<interp inst="t17820220-17-person320" type="surname" value="Hill"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-person320" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-17-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a pawnbroker, produced the things, which were sworn to by the Prosecutrix, but did not swear to the Prisoner's person, and was asked by the Court, Was it a different person from the Prisoner at the bar that came to pawn them? - I cannot say. The Court reprimanded Hill, and told him, he ought to be indicted for receiving the goods knowing them to be stolen).</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-18">
<interp inst="t17820220-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-18-off91-c283" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-18-defend322 t17820220-18-off91 t17820220-18-verdict94"/>
<persName id="t17820220-18-defend322" type="defendantName"> JOHN OLIVE
<interp inst="t17820220-18-defend322" type="surname" value="OLIVE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-defend322" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-defend322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-18-off91" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-18-off91" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-off91" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-18-cd92" type="crimeDate">26th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-18-off91 t17820220-18-cd92"/> last, a silk petticoat, value 5 s. a scarlet cloth cloak, value 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-18-victim324" type="victimName"> William Purse
<interp inst="t17820220-18-victim324" type="surname" value="Purse"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-victim324" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-victim324" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-18-off91 t17820220-18-victim324"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The prosecutor deposed he was a
<rs id="t17820220-18-viclabel93" type="occupation">pawnbroker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-18-victim324 t17820220-18-viclabel93"/>, and the things were taken out of his shop.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-18-person325"> Henry Turner
<interp inst="t17820220-18-person325" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-person325" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said he was a pawnbroker, that the prisoner brought them to him to pawn.</p>
<p>Two women bid me pawn them for them, and shewed me the shop.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-18-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-18-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-18-punish95" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-18-punish95" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-18-punish95" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-18-defend322 t17820220-18-punish95"/> Find 1 s. </rs> and
<rs id="t17820220-18-punish96" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-18-punish96" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-18-defend322 t17820220-18-punish96"/> six months imprisonment </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried before Mr. Baron PARRYN, and the second Middlesex Jury.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-19">
<interp inst="t17820220-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-19-off97-c286" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-19-defend327 t17820220-19-off97 t17820220-19-verdict99"/>
<persName id="t17820220-19-defend327" type="defendantName"> MARGARET LARGE
<interp inst="t17820220-19-defend327" type="surname" value="LARGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19-defend327" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19-defend327" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-19-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-19-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-19-cd98" type="crimeDate">12th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-19-off97 t17820220-19-cd98"/> last, one dimity robe, value 6 s. two children's linen shirts, value 3 s. a laced cap, value 6 d. and a shirt and tock &c </rs>. the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-19-victim329" type="victimName"> Joseph Collins
<interp inst="t17820220-19-victim329" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19-victim329" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19-victim329" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-19-off97 t17820220-19-victim329"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Several persons proved the prisoner's confessing the fact.</p>
<p>She said nothing in her defence.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-19-verdict99" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-19-verdict99" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-19-punish100" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-19-punish100" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-19-punish100" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="houseOfCorrection"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-19-defend327 t17820220-19-punish100"/> To be confined six months in the house of correction </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-20">
<interp inst="t17820220-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820220"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20" type="date" value="17820220"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820220-20-off101-c288" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-20-defend331 t17820220-20-off101 t17820220-20-verdict105"/>
<p>175. A young lad stone blind, named
<persName id="t17820220-20-defend331" type="defendantName"> RICHARD CARROL
<interp inst="t17820220-20-defend331" type="surname" value="CARROL"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-defend331" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-defend331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17820220-20-off101" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-20-off101" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-off101" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17820220-20-person332"> John Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person332" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person332" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , about the hour of three in the night of the
<rs id="t17820220-20-cd102" type="crimeDate">26th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-20-off101 t17820220-20-cd102"/>, with intent the goods and chattels of the said
<persName id="t17820220-20-victim334" type="victimName"> John Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-victim334" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-victim334" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-victim334" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-20-off101 t17820220-20-victim334"/> </persName> , to take, steal, and carry away </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17820220-20-person335"> JOHN JORDAN
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person335" type="surname" value="JORDAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person335" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 26th of January. I went to bed about twelve, I live in
<placeName id="t17820220-20-crimeloc103">Jews-harp court, Angel alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-crimeloc103" type="placeName" value="Jews-harp court, Angel alley"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-crimeloc103" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-20-off101 t17820220-20-crimeloc103"/>; I went down and examined the street door, and found all fast; (there is only one door to the house, I am only an inmate, I have a chamber up three pair of stairs, the house is Mr. Nash's Mrs. Nash does not live in the house, it is let out in separate tenements) and then I went up stairs, and examined the shop door, I have a lock on the inside, and this padlock was without side, it was fast, and the lock was locked with another key on the inside, when I went bed; about the hour of three I heard a noise, and my wife said, there is a noise up stairs, I heard a dog bark, this partition of the door was broke, (producing a broken partition) I struck a light and went up, and found this stick put across the place where this pannel came out; I put my head in at the door, and saw the prisoner in my shop, near my loom, he had dropped this knife, I found it near my loom, (producing a case knife) I saw the prisoner with his back towards me, he was near my loom, he was standing on the floor; I ran down seeing him, and I alarmed the neighbourhood, he followed me down, and was down very near as soon as I was, I knocked, at my neighbour's door, and called out, for God's sake, murder, fire, and thieves, and one came out with a naked cutlass, his name was Hendey, and the one Mr. Farro came to my assistance, he lives three doors off, and likewise Mr. Jolly, came, we sent for the watch, and took the prisoner to the watch-house; the prisoner when he came down begged us to let him go, he begged for the stick; and blasted my bloody eyes, if I did not let him go he would begin to pay away upon me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200047"/>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>There is a string upon the bolt of the street door; for the convenience of a man in the house, if any body drawed the string I can give no account of it, I found the door open when I found him in the house; there were two lodgers in the house, I did not sleep in the shop but on another floor, I rented those two rooms; Jolly came and saw the prisoner in the house, the knife had never been there before, he had turned up a shell in order to cut my work up; we went up stairs, Mr. Jolly found this knife near my loom side, I am a
<rs id="t17820220-20-viclabel104" type="occupation">velvet weaver</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-20-victim334 t17820220-20-viclabel104"/>, it does not belong to me and was never there before; there is a thing we call a shell, to keep us from pressing the work, he had turned it up in order to cut the work off, which we do if we want to cut the work out; the hasp of the padlock was screwed, he unscrewed it, he then unpicked the padlock, the pannel of the door was broke in three different places, here is the mark of some, what he had entered into the pannel, (he produced the pannel and the padlock in Court) I have got the key of the padlock at home.</p>
<p>How did you rent these chambers of your landlord? - By the week, as a tenant at will.</p>
<p>And this was the house of Mr. Nash? - Yes.</p>
<p>The owner of the house don't live in it? - No.</p>
<p>The lodgers live in it separate? - Yes.</p>
<p>You live in it by the week, as a tenant at will? - Yes.</p>
<p>- FARRO sworn.</p>
<p>On Saturday night the 26th of January, I went to bed about eleven; about three I was waked with a hue and cry of thieves, fire and murder, I went up the court, and saw the prisoner in custody of some people, I went up stairs, and saw the knife which laid there, with intent to cut off the work.</p>
<p>- JOLLY sworn.</p>
<p>The 26th of January, at three o'clock in the morning, I waked with the cry of thieves, fire and murder; I went to Mr. Jordan's, and saw the prisoner at the bar there; I asked what was the matter, says he this fellow has broke in; we conducted him to the watch-house; we went up stairs to see what mischief was done, I found three pieces of boards, and underneath a padlock, I saw a knife there, and asked the said Mr. Jordan if it was his property; he said no.</p>
<p>I was out on Saturday night with my fiddler I happened to stay rather late, I found myself locked out; I ranged about; and found this entry door open, I went to go upon the landing place till day-light; a man stood upon the stairs, he asked me what I wanted there, he said I could not lay there; I must go to the garret stairs, and I went up stairs and found the door broke, and I crept into the hole; a dog began to bark, I thought there was somebody in the room, this man came up, and called out murder; I told him not to be afraid, I was a blind boy, and would not hurt him.</p>
<p>Court. The prisoner is indicted for a burglary in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17820220-20-person336"> Richard Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person336" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person336" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with intent to steal thus for the law is clear, that if a person breaks and on dwelling house of another, in the night, with intent to commit a felony, and is prevented from executing that intention, it is as much burglary as if the felony had been actually committed; for the reason why the law is so extremely penal in the case of burglary, is not so much for the protection of property of persons only, as for the security of their persons in the, hour of rest, and when they are not in a condition of protecting or taking care of themselves, and therefore the law holds in this particular offence, the attempt to commit a felony, if so far carried into execution as to break and enter a dwelling-house in the night, shall be as penal as if the rest of the felony had been compleatly committed; upon that part of the law there is no doubt. But there is another point in this indictment which is extremely doubtful; for it is laid in the indictment to be the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17820220-20-person337"> Richard Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person337" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person337" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person337" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; it appears now that
<persName id="t17820220-20-person338"> Richard Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person338" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person338" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is an inmate in that house, he rents only two rooms, one an
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178202200048"/> apartment where he sleeps, the other is his work-shop, they are separate from each other; he also has no certain permanent interest in it, but is tenant from week to week, at the will of his landlord; it seems that that interest is scarcely sufficient to denominate it the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17820220-20-person339"> Richard Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person339" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person339" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , especially as it was only part of a house he (Jordan) and his family occupied as their dwelling-house; I know of no determination that has gone quite so far as that, at the same time there is a difficulty, for the owner of the house does not dwell in it, but it is all let out to weekly tenants at will, so that I entertain considerable doubt whether, in point of law, the place broken open, can be so considered as the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17820220-20-person340"> Richard Jordan
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person340" type="surname" value="Jordan"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person340" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-20-person340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , as to make the prisoner guilty of this indictment; however, that is a point of which the prisoner will have the benefit hereafter; if you should be satisfied from the evidence he broke and entered this place so described, and that he did it with intent to stead, the point of law will be reserved for the opinion of the judges if you are of opinion he is guilty.</p>
<rs id="t17820220-20-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-20-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820220-20-punish106" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-20-punish106" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-20-defend331 t17820220-20-punish106"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820220-21">
<interp inst="t17820220-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-21" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<persName id="t17820220-21-defend342" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH CROFTS
<interp inst="t17820220-21-defend342" type="surname" value="CROFTS"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-21-defend342" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-21-defend342" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17820220-21-off107" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820220-21-off107" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-21-off107" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820220-21-cd108" type="crimeDate">8th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820220-21-off107 t17820220-21-cd108"/> last, two linen sheets, value 15 s. two pillow cases, value 4 s. two checque curtains, value 5 s. a damask table cloth, value 2 s. a linen napkin, value 2 s. a muslin gown, value 40 s. three pair of stockings, and other articles of wearing apparel, and two silver tea-spoons, the goods of
<persName id="t17820220-21-victim344" type="victimName"> Jane Which
<interp inst="t17820220-21-victim344" type="surname" value="Which"/>
<interp inst="t17820220-21-victim344" type="given" value="Jane"/>