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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 9th of January, 1782, and the following Days,
<p>Being the SECOND SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble.
<persName id="f17820109-1-person1"> WILLIAM PLOMER
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person1" type="surname" value="PLOMER"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person1" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq.
<persName id="f17820109-1-person2"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY
<persName id="f17820109-1-person3"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person3" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person3" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>NUMBER II. PART I.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Printed for the PROPRIETOR
<persName id="f17820109-1-person4"> WILLIAM BLANCHARD
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person4" type="surname" value="BLANCHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and sold by him at No. 4, Dean-street, Fetter-Lane; and S. BLADON, No. 13, Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<p>M,DCC,LXXXII.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17820109-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM PLOMER
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person5" type="surname" value="PLOMER"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person5" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq.
<persName id="f17820109-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person6" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person6" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the City of London; Sir
<persName id="f17820109-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM HENRY
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person7" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person7" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ASHHURST, Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; The Rt. Hon. Sir
<persName id="f17820109-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN SKYNNER
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person8" type="surname" value="SKYNNER"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person8" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer;
<persName id="f17820109-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN HEATH
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person9" type="surname" value="HEATH"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person9" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas;
<persName id="f17820109-1-person10" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES ADAIR
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person10" type="surname" value="ADAIR"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person10" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Serjeant at Law, Recorder; and other his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Goal Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Edward Barnard
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person11" type="surname" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person11" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Henry Terry
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person12" type="surname" value="Terry"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person12" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William March
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person13" type="surname" value="March"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bowen
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person14" type="surname" value="Bowen"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person14" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Joseph Pope
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person15" type="surname" value="Pope"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person15" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person16" type="jurorName"> William Beresford
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person16" type="surname" value="Beresford"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person16" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Newbold
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person17" type="surname" value="Newbold"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Child
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person18" type="surname" value="Child"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person18" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person19" type="jurorName"> John Vernon
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person19" type="surname" value="Vernon"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person19" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person20" type="jurorName"> John Marshal
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person20" type="surname" value="Marshal"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person20" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person21" type="jurorName"> David Seal
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person21" type="surname" value="Seal"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person21" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Robert Huddy
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person22" type="surname" value="Huddy"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person22" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Henry Atkins
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person23" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person23" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Silvester Crispin
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person24" type="surname" value="Crispin"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person24" type="given" value="Silvester"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person25" type="jurorName"> John Braithwaite
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person25" type="surname" value="Braithwaite"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person25" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Morgan
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person26" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person26" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person27" type="jurorName"> John Pearson
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person27" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person27" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Martin Robinson
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person28" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person28" type="given" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person29" type="jurorName"> John Dowling
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person29" type="surname" value="Dowling"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person29" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person30" type="jurorName"> David Fountain
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person30" type="surname" value="Fountain"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person30" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person31" type="jurorName"> John Bickley
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person31" type="surname" value="Bickley"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person31" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Edmond Smith
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person32" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person32" type="given" value="Edmond"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person33" type="jurorName"> John Earnshaw
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person33" type="surname" value="Earnshaw"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Edward Goodwich
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person34" type="surname" value="Goodwich"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person34" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person35" type="jurorName"> John Smith
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person35" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person35" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person36" type="jurorName"> James White
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person36" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person36" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Peter Johannot
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person37" type="surname" value="Johannot"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person37" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person38" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Banks
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person38" type="surname" value="Banks"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person38" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Robert Fortescue
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person39" type="surname" value="Fortescue"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person39" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person40" type="jurorName"> John Bland
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person40" type="surname" value="Bland"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person40" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person41" type="jurorName"> Thomas Blunt
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person41" type="surname" value="Blunt"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person41" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Thomas Rogers
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person42" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person42" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person43" type="jurorName"> John Venables
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person43" type="surname" value="Venables"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person44" type="jurorName"> Robert Bearcroft
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person44" type="surname" value="Bearcroft"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person44" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person45" type="jurorName"> James Gordon
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person45" type="surname" value="Gordon"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person45" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17820109-1-person46" type="jurorName"> Richard Jones
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person46" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person46" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17820109-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p> </div1>
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<p>74.
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<interp inst="t17820109-1-defend48" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-1-off1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">24th day of October</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-1-off1 t17820109-1-cd2"/> last, one linen gown, value 5 s. one white linen apron, value 12 d. and two check linen aprons, value 12 d. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-1-victim50" type="victimName"> Margaret Cameron
<interp inst="t17820109-1-victim50" type="surname" value="Cameron"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-victim50" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-victim50" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-1-off1 t17820109-1-victim50"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820109-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-1-victim50 t17820109-1-viclabel3"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-1-person51"> MARGARET CAMERON
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person51" type="surname" value="CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person51" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person51" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I never saw the prisoner before the 25th of October, I know her now; on the 24th of October I went up stairs, about three o'clock, I found the club-room door open; my master keeps a public house; I saw an
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090003"/> old gown of mine thrown down on the bed, I went to my box, and found one cotton linen gown gone, one white apron and two coloured aprons gone; they were in the box before, and the key in it, I had seen them in the morning; my master detected the prisoner on the 25th of October in the house; he said, you are the little girl I have been looking for all day, but had no suspicion she had done it.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Was you present at this time? - No; she took us to the pawnbroker's, I went with her; she confessed she had pawned them to my master and all of us.</p>
<p>What pawnbroker was it? - Mr. Cates; I went there, and we found the things there, the gown and the three aprons.</p>
<p>(They were produced in court, and deposed to by the witness.)</p>
<p>Prisoner. A girl bigger than myself ordered me to do it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-1-person52"> BENJAMIN BAYLESS
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person52" type="surname" value="BAYLESS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person52" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the
<placeName id="t17820109-1-crimeloc4">King's Arms, Rolls Buildings, Fetter-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-crimeloc4" type="placeName" value="King's Arms, Rolls Buildings, Fetter-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-crimeloc4" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-1-off1 t17820109-1-crimeloc4"/>; on the 24th of October last, my servant informed me somebody got into her room, she lay in the club-room; the next day a neighbour asked me if I saw a little girl go through the passage, I said no; I went up stairs, and saw the prisoner there, up three pair of stairs; I asked her what she wanted, she said one
<persName id="t17820109-1-person53"> Davis
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person53" type="given" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a bricklayer, they were at work on the outside of the house; I enquired amongst the bricklayers if there was a person of the name of Davis, they said no; I said to her, I have a suspicion you have robbed us, I threatened her a considerable time, she denied it; at last she owned she went up stairs with another girl, and took out the gown and three aprons, she confessed it; she said she and another girl; I made some enquiry about the other girl, she had been at service, and the people said she had not been out of the house that day; this girl confessed she had pawned them; I went to the pawnbroker's with my servant, and there they were found.</p>
<p>Court. What is the prisoner's age? - I am going on thirteen; my mother spins shoemaker's hemp, she lives in Church-yard Alley, Fetter-lane, and she has three children besides me.</p>
<p>What does she employ you about? - To wind the hemp.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>It was through the other girl that wanted the money.</p>
<p>(The girl's mother was called into Court, and said her daughter was thirteen years old, and that she had three other children.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Having been eleven weeks in confinement, was ordered to be
<rs id="t17820109-1-punish6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-1-punish6" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-1-punish6" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="privateWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-1-defend48 t17820109-1-punish6"/> privately whipped </rs>, and delivered to her mother.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<p>75.
<persName id="t17820109-2-defend55" type="defendantName"> FRANCES HART
<interp inst="t17820109-2-defend55" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-defend55" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-defend55" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-2-off7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">13th of November, 1781</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off7 t17820109-2-cd8"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off12 t17820109-2-cd8"/>, ten yards and an half of printed callico, value 3 l. two diaper table cloths, value 5 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-2-victim57" type="victimName"> Edward Lloyd
<interp inst="t17820109-2-victim57" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-victim57" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-victim57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-2-person58"> EDWARD LLOYD
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person58" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person58" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17820109-2-viclabel9" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-victim57 t17820109-2-viclabel9"/>, and keep a shop in
<placeName id="t17820109-2-crimeloc10">Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-crimeloc10" type="placeName" value="Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-crimeloc10" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off7 t17820109-2-crimeloc10"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off12 t17820109-2-crimeloc10"/>; on the 13th of November I missed the two callico printed gowns, and two diaper table-cloths; I had seen them a few hours before I missed them; the gowns were on the counter, they were not made up into gowns, but cut into gown lengths, the cloths tied up in a paper, they were left on a shelf that holds printed cottons; I lost them at that time, I saw them at the Justice's, I had not before seen the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Was her examination taken in writing? - I believe it was; I suspected she received them from the women that took them; I can swear to the goods.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-2-person59"> Thomas Wolley
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person59" type="surname" value="Wolley"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person59" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the constable, produced the goods, and said he had had the custody of them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-2-person60"> Edward Lloyd
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person60" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person60" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposes to the callico, and the table cloths; knows them by his own shop marks.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090004"/>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>I live between Chancery-lane and Lincoln's-inn fields, in Holborn; I saw them goods about two hours before in the shop.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-2-person61"> John Williamson
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person61" type="surname" value="Williamson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person61" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with my father, a hatter and hosier, in Holborn; on the 13th of November last, three women came into my father's shop; I followed three women; I supposed they were shop-lifters.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner one of them? - No; they crossed the way, just by Gray's inn-lane; there I saw the prisoner; then they joined at Staple's-inn-gate; they crossed from Gray's-inn-lane end to the opposite side to Staple's-inn-gate; two of them I saw put something into the prisoner's lap; I saw her receive it.</p>
<p>Do you know Lloyd's shop? - Yes; it was about five hundred yards from it when she received them.</p>
<p>It was at a considerable distance? - Yes.</p>
<p>The Court told the jury the indictment was wrong; she was not instrumental to the larceny, if any offence, she ought to be indicted differently.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before the Lord Chief BARON.</p>
<p>PRISONER was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-2-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-2-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing on the
<rs id="t17820109-2-cd13" type="crimeDate">13th of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off7 t17820109-2-cd13"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off12 t17820109-2-cd13"/>, two pair of silk stockings, and a paper of cotton night-caps, the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-2-victim63" type="victimName"> John Williamson
<interp inst="t17820109-2-victim63" type="surname" value="Williamson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-victim63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-victim63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-2-person64"> JOHN WILLIAMSON
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person64" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the elder, sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a shop,
<placeName id="t17820109-2-crimeloc14">No. 26, in Holborn, near Gray's-inn-gate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-crimeloc14" type="placeName" value="No. 26, in Holborn, near Gray's-inn-gate"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-2-crimeloc14" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off7 t17820109-2-crimeloc14"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-2-off12 t17820109-2-crimeloc14"/>.</p>
<p>What do you know of the prisoner's taking? - I don't know who took them; I lost two pair of silk stockings, with my private mark upon them. I saw them about a quarter of an hour before she was brought back; I was up stairs in my dining room; it was about four o'clock in the evening, coming into the shop, the stockings were gone, two pair, what we call span silk, with private marks upon them, one mine, one my son's, and a paper of cotton caps, which were gone likewise; men's night-caps, all of which were found in the prisoner's possession; I saw them taken out of her apron, in my parlour; my son seized her, and found these things in her possession; she said somebody gave them to her; first she said, she picked them up, at the magistrate's she said somebody gave them to her.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>It might be ten minutes before I missed them, I saw her; the constable has had the custody of the the things.</p>
<p>T. Wolley (the constable.) I was sent for to Williamson's, when I came I found these things in the prisoner's apron, I have had them in my custody ever since.</p>
<p>Mr. Williamson, sen. These stockings there have my private mark on them; I made it myself; this pair is my stockings.</p>
<p>Mr. Williamson, jun. They are my marks; the paper of night-caps I tied up not two minutes before.</p>
<p>Mr. Williamson. sen. The writing on the paper of caps is my hand writing.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - At No. 26, near Gray's-inn-gate, three doors from it; above it on the same side.</p>
<p>Williamson, jun. On the 13th of November I tied up this paper of caps, and went into the yard; not long after the maid called me; there were three women in the shop, I saw them go out; I did not see the prisoner in the shop, I saw her receive them together with other things.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>You say you saw her receive them? - I did.</p>
<p>Where? - Just at Staples-inn-gate I stopt her, and asked her what she had got?</p>
<p>Gray's-inn-gate is above the bars? - Yes; and my father's is three doors from that.</p>
<p>I apprehend it to be several hundred yards from this place? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was it a hundred yards? - Yes.</p>
<p>Court. She must be acquitted of this charge.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-2-verdict15" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-2-verdict15" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090005"/>76.
<persName id="t17820109-3-defend66" type="defendantName"> NATHANIEL GROOME
<interp inst="t17820109-3-defend66" type="surname" value="GROOME"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-defend66" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-defend66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, with
<persName id="t17820109-3-person67"> JAMES FREEGROVE
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person67" type="surname" value="FREEGROVE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person67" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-3-person68"> GEORGE MALDEN
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person68" type="surname" value="MALDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person68" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , not taken, for
<rs id="t17820109-3-off16" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-3-off16" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the house of
<persName id="t17820109-3-victim70" type="victimName"> John Pearce
<interp inst="t17820109-3-victim70" type="surname" value="Pearce"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-victim70" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-victim70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-3-off16 t17820109-3-victim70"/> </persName> , about eight o'clock at night, on the
<rs id="t17820109-3-cd17" type="crimeDate">20th day of December, 1781</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-3-off16 t17820109-3-cd17"/>, and stealing eleven cotton handkerchiefs, value 14 s. and four silk handkerchiefs, value 10 s. </rs> </p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-3-person71"> MARY ANN PEARCE
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person71" type="surname" value="ANN PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person71" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person71" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at
<placeName id="t17820109-3-crimeloc18">No. 23, Old Compton-street, Soho</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-crimeloc18" type="placeName" value="No. 23, Old Compton-street, Soho"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-crimeloc18" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-3-off16 t17820109-3-crimeloc18"/>, I keep a shop; I am the wife of Mr.
<persName id="t17820109-3-person72"> John Pearce
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person72" type="surname" value="Pearce"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person72" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 20th day of December last, I lost some handkerchiefs; between eight and nine, I was that morning gone out of the shop into a back room; I left a servant girl there, and a child. I had seen the things in a basket, in the shop, a quarter of an hour before. I saw the servant shut the door; I came to know of the robbery by the maid and child crying out; I came in and saw the glass-case open, and the things taken out; I found the maid could not see, she had some snuff thrown in her eyes; I have now the handkerchief she had on at the time, with snuff on it. (She produced the handkerchief in court) The shop door was open when I went in; the prisoner was brought back in five minutes by Mr. Kelsy, who brought the handkerchiefs back; then the man was taken into custody.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-3-person73"> Ann Humphrys
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person73" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person73" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person73" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mrs. Pearce; I was in the shop the 20th of December last, between eight and nine, the shop door was shut by myself, about a quarter of an hour before the robbery; it was shut on a spring lock; I only saw one robber come into the shop, not the prisoner; he threw snuff in my eyes, after which I could not see at all.</p>
<p>Mr. KELSY sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner; on the 20th of December I was coming from the lottery-office, in Wardour-street, between eight and nine, and just by Mr. Pearce's I saw the prisoner at the bar, and two more, if not three, standing without side the window; by the time I got up to it, the prisoner at the bar was in the shop; I saw him open the glass-case, and take out a handful of handkerchiefs; when he had got them he came out, and dropt one between the two doors of that house and the next, in the street, upon which I pursued him, and cried stop thief; those he took out he held by his hand behind his back, under his coat; I pursued him, and never lost sight of him till he was stopped; he had gone to the corner of Crown Court, about four or five houses breadth. (He produced the handkerchiefs, and said they had been in his custody ever since.)</p>
<p>Mrs. Pearce deposed, she believed them to be her's; this handkerchief the girl had was cut off from the rest.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I had been into Monmouth-street, that evening to get a pair of shoes, as I was coming from the shop, I heard this gentleman cry stop thief, just by the end of Crown Court, he stopped me, and asked me if I had any property about me, I said no; they took me into the shop, and another person pickt up the handkerchiefs; I did not take them.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-3-person74"> Francis Thompson
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person74" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person74" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-3-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had known him from a child, and never heard any thing against him, always thought him a sober person.</p>
<p>Court. As to the burglary, the door of the shop shut, and latched, and being lifted up in the night, it constitutes the burglary.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-3-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-3-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820109-3-punish20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-3-punish20" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-3-defend66 t17820109-3-punish20"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p> </div1>
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<p>77.
<persName id="t17820109-4-defend76" type="defendantName"> BENJAMIN WOOD
<interp inst="t17820109-4-defend76" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-defend76" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-defend76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-4-off21" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-4-off21" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-off21" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-4-cd22" type="crimeDate">26th day of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-4-off21 t17820109-4-cd22"/>, two ducks, value 5 s. two turkies, value 5 s. and one cock, value 1 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-4-victim78" type="victimName"> Benjamin Ryal
<interp inst="t17820109-4-victim78" type="surname" value="Ryal"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-victim78" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-victim78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-4-off21 t17820109-4-victim78"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-4-person79"> BENJAMIN RYAL
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person79" type="surname" value="RYAL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person79" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17820109-4-crimeloc23">Strutton Ground, Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-crimeloc23" type="placeName" value="Strutton Ground, Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-crimeloc23" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-4-off21 t17820109-4-crimeloc23"/>, I lost four ducks, two turkies, and a cock
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090006"/> out of my yard adjoining to my house, on the 26th of December last, I saw them in the yard about nine at night, on that day, about twelve o'clock at night I was called up by the watchman, who told me he had stopped the prisoner with some poultry, and the man was at the watch-house; I looked out of the window, and desired him to take care of him, and bring him before the justice the next morning, by the watchman,
<persName id="t17820109-4-person80"> John West
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person80" type="surname" value="West"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person80" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; two of the ducks, two turkies, and the cock were brought with him.</p>
<p>Those were your's? - They were mine; they were all dead; he confessed he stole them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-4-person81"> JOHN WEST
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person81" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person81" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-4-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman.</p>
<p>Upon the 26th of December, at night, did you see the prisoner? - Yes; as I was crying eleven o'clock, by a house called the Bull's Head, the girl there called me, and desired me to go in there; I went in and saw the prisoner offering the poultry to sale; the two ducks, two turkies and a cock; I went in, and as he lays them on the table, I took them off; they were warm, and kicked on the floor; they were dying; I took him to the watch-house on suspicion of stealing them; he confessed there he had stolen four ducks, two turkies and a cock, from Mr. Ryal; he said, he had sold two ducks for half a crown; we took him before the justice; I called to Mr. Ryal, and told him of it much about twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>- ROBINSON sworn.</p>
<p>I bought the other two ducks.</p>
<p>Did the prosecutor ever see them after? - No; I bought them the 26th of December, in the evening, of the prisoner; I gave 2 s: 6 d. for the two.</p>
<p>Jury. What time in the evening? - About half past nine, it might be ten, or between nine and ten, it was somewhere there away.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have nothing to say; have no witnesses; I am a soldier but received my discharge.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-4-verdict24" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-4-verdict24" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before the Lord Chief BARON.</p>
<p>
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<note>[No punishment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>78.
<persName id="t17820109-5-defend83" type="defendantName"> HENRY COXILL
<interp inst="t17820109-5-defend83" type="surname" value="COXILL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-defend83" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-defend83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-5-off26" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-5-off26" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-off26" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-5-cd27" type="crimeDate">21st of December, 1781</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-5-off26 t17820109-5-cd27"/>, one collar of brawn, weight twenty-six pound, value 20 s. and one barrel of Pye-fleet oysters, value 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-5-victim85" type="victimName"> Samuel Hannington
<interp inst="t17820109-5-victim85" type="surname" value="Hannington"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-victim85" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-victim85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-5-off26 t17820109-5-victim85"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-5-person86"> SAMUEL HNANINGTON
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person86" type="surname" value="HNANINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person86" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner no farther than being taken up on suspicion; upon the 21st of December I lost one collar of brawn, and a barrel of Pyefleet oysters.</p>
<p>On the 1st of January,
<persName id="t17820109-5-person87"> William Young
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person87" type="surname" value="Young"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person87" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to me, and asked me if I had not lost a collar of brawn, and a barrel of oysters, I told him I had, he said he knew the people that took it away, I asked him if he would go and make oath of it before a justice, he said he would, we went, and got a warrant against three people.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-5-person88"> WILLIAM YOUNG
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person88" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at Mr. Hannam's house; I was going to fetch him a pound of tobacco; he lives at Charing-Cross; I was going up to Hedge-lane for it; he keeps the King's-Arms at Charing-cross; I saw these three men together at Hannam's, opposite the King's Mews, between the King's Arms and Black Horse.</p>
<p>That fish-monger's is Hannington's? - Yes; one of the men named Johnson asked me where I was running, I told him I was going up to Hedge-lane for a pound of tobacco, he asked me if I would have a pint of beer before I came back, I said I had no money, he gave me three-pence; I knowed the three men personally, but not their names; I saw them take some goods from the shop; I am sure the prisoner was one of the men; he used the King's Arms; I used it; I went on errands for him;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090007"/> when I came back from Hedge-lane, they were all three in Mr. Hannam's house, they were drinking; I knew nothing that night where they carried the goods to.</p>
<p>When did you know? - The next morning; I heard Hannam call the maid up to his room, and ask what it was they had got in the wash-house, she told him it was something she had got for these men to put in the wash-house, Mr. Hannam said do you want to get me or yourself to prison, he desired her to go and take it out of the wash house directly; she came down and asked me to go with her into the wash-house, I asked her what it was, she said she did not know, I went in, there was a barrel and some brawn I believe.</p>
<p>Was it one collar or more? - Only one; I took it out of the wash-house, and put it into the yard; about ten o'clock Messenger and
<persName id="t17820109-5-person89"> Ralph Johnston
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person89" type="surname" value="Johnston"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person89" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came for it.</p>
<p>What is the prisoner's name? - Coxill.</p>
<p>What then? - They took it away; I don't know what became of it.</p>
<p>Did you see what they took from Hannington's? - I saw them take away a barrel, what it was I did not know, I did not know the name of the other thing.</p>
<p>To Hannington. Did you ever see the brawn after? - No; I never heard of it till the 1st of January.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination of Young.</p>
<p>I am a soldier; I was going by when the things were taken away, I had no notice till they took it out; I saw one cask and some brawn, I did not know the name of it.</p>
<p>You had some notice before of it? - No.</p>
<p>You did not ask for a share in the booty? - No.</p>
<p>Nor money? - No; - it was not the prisoner that gave me the money, the prisoner was in the street with the rest.</p>
<p>Did you ever call another person, and tell him you wanted him to give evidence against him? - No.</p>
<p>What did you do in consequence of suspicion, you gave no information of it to any body? - No.</p>
<p>Did you drink with the prisoner afterwards? - I don't recollect; I was in the same house with him some days after.</p>
<p>Did any thing happen between you and the prisoner to make this complaint? - He struck me, and called me bloody Scotch thief, I desired him to put his hand on his mouth; this was some days after.</p>
<p>Did not you say he might be a thief all his life, if he had not struck you? - No, I did not.</p>
<p>Nor that you would take care to do for him? - No, I did not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-5-person90"> Alexander Hannam
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person90" type="surname" value="Hannam"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person90" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was called upon his recognizance, for not appearing to give evidence against Coxill.</p>
<p>To Young. Would you have prosecuted this man, if this quarrel had not happened between you? - I don't know that I would.</p>
<p>Did not you say so last night? - No.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-5-person91"> John Gray
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person91" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person91" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mr. Hannam, I know the last witness well.</p>
<p>Did he at any time call you to him respecting this matter before the Court? - Yes; he took me out, and persuaded me to go with him.</p>
<p>When? - Upon New-year's day.</p>
<p>Did he tell you he wanted you to give evidence against the prisoner, or words to that effect? - He did; he should get some money by it.</p>
<p>What did he say to you? - He advised me to go over the way to Mr. Hannington, the fishmonger.</p>
<p>To do what? - To swear against that man.</p>
<p>What was you to swear? - That I knew that the goods were taken away from Mr. Hannington's.</p>
<p>Did he offer you any reward or money for the purpose? - Mr. Hannington gave me six-pence.</p>
<p>You went to Hannington? - Yes; and Hannington gave me six-pence.</p>
<p>When there what did you do? - That man asked me to describe the person, what his name was, I said
<persName id="t17820109-5-person92"> Henry Coxill
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person92" type="surname" value="Coxill"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person92" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>How did he describe the prisoner? - A man with a blue coat on, and a red collar; it was the same evening the battle happened, I was surprised at the requisition, and when I went up to the Justice's, I would not
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090008"/> swear against him, as I knew him to be innocent, because he was present at the same house I was all the evening.</p>
<p>You recollect perfectly well, the last witness Young told you, if you would swear against him you would get money by him? - Yes; I was present with him the whole evening, and I know him to be innocent.</p>
<p>How do you know he was innocent? - He was never out of the house, but sitting asleep from five o'clock till half after ten in Hannam's house, the King's Arms at Charing Cross. Young told me he should not have prosecuted, if it had not been for this quarrel.</p>
<p>He was sitting in the King's Arms at Charing Cross the whole evening? - Yes.</p>
<p>From what time to what time? - From five o'clock, I never was out the whole evening, nor the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Why did not you say, I am sure that cannot be true, as I was with him the whole evening? - He inveigled me away; I went in and sat down, he called me out again.</p>
<p>Why did you go to tell a thing you knew was not true? - When I went to Justice Hyde's, I would not take an oath against him, I knew he was innocent.</p>
<p>Mr. Hannington. This
<persName id="t17820109-5-person93"> John Gray
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person93" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person93" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to me, and told me the three prisoners names were
<persName id="t17820109-5-person94"> Ralph Johnson
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person94" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person94" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-5-person95"> William Messenger
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person95" type="surname" value="Messenger"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person95" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and this Coxill; they came into my little parlour that adjoins to the shop.</p>
<p>He did not give you any evidence of the robbery? - No, he did not; he said the goods were at Hannam's house, and those three men were the men that robbed me.</p>
<p>That his suspicions led him to think so? - He said so that night, the first of January. We had a warrant drawn out for three people, their names not known, and Young, the soldier, brought this man over, and he said it was
<persName id="t17820109-5-person96"> Henry Coxill
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person96" type="surname" value="Coxill"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person96" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-5-person97"> Ralph Johnson
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person97" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person97" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-5-person98"> William Messenger
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person98" type="surname" value="Messenger"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person98" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The names of who or what? - The three men that robbed me.</p>
<p>Did he say the same at Hyde's? - He never was asked any questions at Hyde's; he went with me to take Messenger, and we could not take him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-5-person99"> JOHN CASTLETINE
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person99" type="surname" value="CASTLETINE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person99" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner at the bar very well.</p>
<p>Was you with him on the 21st of December? - Yes.</p>
<p>Where? - At Mr. Hannam's, the King's Arms, from five till half after ten, he was in my company all that time, and asleep by the fire side.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Are you sure he never was out of the house? - He was never out of the house the whole time; he had not been in it five minutes before he fell asleep.</p>
<p>You know the prisoner perfectly well? - Yes.</p>
<p>What are you? - A Butcher.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-5-person100"> BARTHOLOMEW DAWSON
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person100" type="surname" value="DAWSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person100" type="given" value="BARTHOLOMEW"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-5-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a dealer in cloaths; I know the prisoner perfectly well.</p>
<p>Where was he on the 21st of December? - At half past six I was at the King's Head, Charing Cross, there I remained till half after ten; Coxill was in the house when I came in, and I left him there when I went away, at half after ten; I was in the taproom, and he likewise in the tap-room the whole time; I am sure he was there at half past six, when I came in, and there when I went away.</p>
<p>Are you sure he never was out for half an hour, or a quarter of an hour during that time? - I cannot tell that; the major part of the time I am sure he was in, when I went away he was asleep, with his head against the fire place.</p>
<p>To Castletine. Are you sure he could not have been out for a quarter of an hour? - I am sure he could not; he never waked, he was asleep the whole time.</p>
<p>You are sure he never was absent? - He never was awake, but asleep the whole time.</p>
<p>You are sure of that? - I am confident of it.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-5-verdict28" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-5-verdict28" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090009"/>79.
<persName id="t17820109-6-defend102" type="defendantName"> JAMES RILEY
<interp inst="t17820109-6-defend102" type="surname" value="RILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-defend102" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-defend102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-6-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-6-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17820109-6-victim104" type="victimName"> Benjamin Bayley
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim104" type="surname" value="Bayley"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim104" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the King's highway, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from him one basket, value 2 d. one cloth, value 2 d. and three geese, the property of
<rs id="t17820109-6-viclabel30" type="occupation">Messrs.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-6-victim104 t17820109-6-viclabel30"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-6-victim105 t17820109-6-viclabel30"/>
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<persName id="t17820109-6-victim105" type="victimName"> Mott
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim105" type="surname" value="Mott"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-6-victim106" type="victimName"> Harris
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim106" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-victim106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-6-person107"> BENJAMIN BAYLEY
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person107" type="surname" value="BAYLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person107" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17820109-6-viclabel31" type="occupation">porter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-6-victim104 t17820109-6-viclabel31"/>; the prisoner robbed me on the
<rs id="t17820109-6-cd32" type="crimeDate">29th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-6-off29 t17820109-6-cd32"/>, between the hours of eight and nine in the evening, I was sent to Islington by my masters Mott and Harris, from the Castle and Falcon, Aldersgate-street, with a basket and a cloth, the basket contained two geese, and the cloth one, the property of Mott and Harris; going up the
<placeName id="t17820109-6-crimeloc33">Goswell-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-crimeloc33" type="placeName" value="Goswell-street"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-crimeloc33" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-6-off29 t17820109-6-crimeloc33"/> road I met with this man and another, this man followed me, and presented a pistol to the side of my head, he said nothing; I up with my hand, and asked if he was going to rob or murder me, I called out murder, the pistol not going off, he throw'd it away with his right hand; I am not certain whether it flashed or not; he catched hold of the goods, and pulled them from under my arm; he said nothing all the while; I collared him, and in the scuffle he chucks the goods down, and said to the other, damn your eyes, why don't you pick up the basket? at the same time we both fell to the ground; his companion picked up the basket; stepping out of the road on the path-way I caught hold of the companion's leg, and threw him down as he was stepping out of the road, he jumps up, and ran away; he left the goods, and a young man came to my assistance; he asked me what was the matter; I had hold of the prisoner at the same time; I had the prisoner by the collar; it is the same man; the young man picks up the things; I asked him to lay hold of one side; we sent for a constable from the Blue-Coat-Boy, where we carried him; we found powder and ball about him, and we conducted him to prison.</p>
<p>Question from the Prisoner. Whether he shoved against me by the lamp-post? - No, my lord.</p>
<p>Whether ever I cockt a pistol at his head? - I cannot say whether he did or not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I never attempted to touch him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-6-person108"> ROBERT TAYLOR
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person108" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person108" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I had been out with a pint of beer, and was coming home, I heard murder cried much; there was two of them, Riley and his companion, and this gentleman they were robbing of; they were husling the prosecutor and Riley, I asked the young man, the prosecutor, what was the matter, he told me they had robbed him, that one was gone off; the prisoner was seized, and he never let him go; he charged the prisoner with an intent to rob him; he said nothing; he took him up to the Blue-Coat-Boy; they searched him there, and found powder and ball on him; a pistol was found opposite the place.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-6-person109"> THOMAS VERNON
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person109" type="surname" value="VERNON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person109" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I found it; I am a watchman; I found this pistol.</p>
<p>Prisoner to Taylor. Whether I picked him up myself off the ground, and the last witness, this watchman, came up, and I never stirred.</p>
<p>Taylor. He did not.</p>
<p>Vernon. I know nothing farther than finding the pistol; I was called up to take charge of him till they could get an officer; after they took the shot from him, they tied him, and carried him to prison; we could not find the pistol that night, the next day I found a pistol in the middle of the road; ten yards from the place; the cock was down and the hammer up.</p>
<p>Is that a proof it had been snapped? - It is in the same manner I found it; there is a small ball within side; I found it in the Goswel-street road, loaded.</p>
<p>Prisoner. One of the witnesses said a ball; I want to ask whether it was loaded with shot or ball? - That is what I found in it. (A ball put out of the pistol.)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I never robbed him nor any man in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-6-person110"> GEORGE JONES
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person110" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person110" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-6-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I found about twenty-to of the same size ball in his pocket; I was sent for to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090010"/> the Blue-Coat-Boy; he put his hand in his pocket, and throwed them about the tap-room; I secured his hand, and took the others out of his left hand pocket.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-6-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-6-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820109-6-punish35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-6-punish35" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-6-defend102 t17820109-6-punish35"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p> </div1>
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<p>80.
<persName id="t17820109-7-defend112" type="defendantName"> JONATHAN WYCHERLOWE
<interp inst="t17820109-7-defend112" type="surname" value="WYCHERLOWE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-defend112" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-defend112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-7-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-7-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17820109-7-victim114" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Filewood
<interp inst="t17820109-7-victim114" type="surname" value="Filewood"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-victim114" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-victim114" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> on the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t17820109-7-cd37" type="crimeDate">21st day of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-7-off36 t17820109-7-cd37"/> last, putting her in corporal fear, and danger of her life; taking from her person, and against her will, one watch, inside and outside case made of metal, value 3 l. and one silk purse, value 2 d. and a crown piece, value 5 s. her property </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person115"> ELIZABETH FILEWOOD
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person115" type="surname" value="FILEWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person115" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 21st of last November, as I was going to
<placeName id="t17820109-7-crimeloc38">Little Chelsea</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="Little Chelsea"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-7-off36 t17820109-7-crimeloc38"/>, in company with Mr.
<persName id="t17820109-7-victim117" type="victimName"> Robert Lewis
<interp inst="t17820109-7-victim117" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-victim117" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-victim117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , we were stopped about half-way, between seven and eight in the evening, in the road by two men, they opened the door of the carriage of the post-chaise, and demanded my purse; I gave my purse, and at the same time I was a good deal frightened, and I gave my watch, it was metal.</p>
<p>What was in your purse? - A crown piece; the purse was silk.</p>
<p>What reason have you for charging the prisoner? - I had not the least memory of either of the men; not the least recollection; they went away directly after.</p>
<p>Did they call to the postilion to stop? - I believe they might, I did not hear it. The pawnbroker brought my watch to me.</p>
<p>What was his name? - Aldus.</p>
<p>When was it brought to you? - On Monday morning last.</p>
<p>Mr. Lewis. I was going from town to my house, at Little Chelsea, on the 21st of November last, with this lady, at nearly eight o'clock in the evening, and about the mid-way, between Little Chelsea and
<placeName id="t17820109-7-crimeloc39">Hyde-Park-Corner</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-crimeloc39" type="placeName" value="Hyde-Park-Corner"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-crimeloc39" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-7-off36 t17820109-7-crimeloc39"/>, I observed a man run with great violence up to the off horse, he seized hold of the reins, and held up something to the postilion like a bludgeon; the postilion instantly stopped, and the man came to my side of the chaise; there were two ladies, and two gentlemen in the chaise, the other gentleman was the Rev. Mr. Filewood, and the lady, Mrs. Lewis; the man came to my side, and demanded our money, Mrs. Lewis instantly gave her purse; he demanded mine, I was not quite so ready, he desired I would make haste; it was loose silver; I did not see Mrs. Filewood's purse and watch given; I thought I had some recollection of the man, after the watch was stopped; I thought I had some knowledge of his face; I saw him afterwards when the watch was stopped; the prisoner was taken up; I went to the office to see him; I then thought it was the man that came on my side; there were two men; I saw but one.</p>
<p>Did you know both the doors of the chaise were open? - I did not; I cannot swear positively to him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person118"> Edward Lee
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person118" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person118" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the postilion, called, but could not speak to the person of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person119"> JAMES ALDUS
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person119" type="surname" value="ALDUS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person119" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Berwick-street; on Saturday the 22d of December last, one
<persName id="t17820109-7-person120"> Thomas Price
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person120" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person120" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> not taken, came into my shop about eleven o'clock in the forenoon, and asked two guineas on a watch; two quidees on a watch he produced; I did not advance it; on looking into a book, I observed the watch had been advertised, and some handbills I have here; I said, Tom, it is not your watch, it is advertised, with that he said, don't be slamming of us, give us the wath again; I said no, I don't chuse to do that; I said, I must see the owner before he had it again; instantly he said, if you are upon that, I will speak to Jonathan, immediately he runs out of the shop; I ran round the end of the counter, and went out and saw Jonathan, a person I knew very well, standing on the other side of the way; Price ran on one side of the way,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090011"/> Jonathan on the other; they both ran away, and I pursued them up Oxford-street, and down Blenhelm-steps to a stable yard, and I saw the prisoner in the stable; he was there before I got there; I took him immediately, and took him to Bow-street, in consequence of which the lady and Mr. Lewis were sent for.</p>
<p>Mrs. Filewood produced the watch, and deposed to it, and said it was what she lost upon that occasion.</p>
<p>The Pawnbroker said it was the watch brought to him.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Has that watch been in your possession ever since? - Yes; I have known him sometime.</p>
<p>Were not the stables his, as he is a hackney coachman? - They belong to Palmer; I pursued both.</p>
<p>How did price escape? - It was dark, the stables run under ground; Price and the prisoner both run together.</p>
<p>Court. Did you see him standing still before he run? - I saw him opposite the shop.</p>
<p>Was that before Price spoke to him? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did Price speak to him? - They both run one hundred yards, and then joined.</p>
<p>Then they both ran before Price spoke him? - Yes.</p>
<p>Price had not spoke to him before they set out running? - No; I have known this man sometime, I never heard any harm before of him; I went round my counter, and saw the prisoner on the other side of the way; the counter runs up to the window.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I leave it to my counsel.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person121"> JOHN LEWINGTON
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person121" type="surname" value="LEWINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person121" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a master hackney man; I live in Hampshire-Hog-yard, opposite the church; the prisoner I have known eight years; he lived with me two years; I never saw him in liquor, always a good servant when with me; he went and drove a diligence in the country; he was as good a servant as I ever had in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person122"> HUGH RANDALL
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person122" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person122" type="given" value="HUGH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Brook-street, Holborn; I have known him seven or eight years, always knew him to be an honest industrious man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person123"> BENJAMIN WOODALL
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person123" type="surname" value="WOODALL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person123" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Queen's Head, in Oxford-street; I have known him nine or ten years; always knew him to be an industrious, honest man, and never heard any harm of him in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-7-person124"> THOMAS FERGUSON
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person124" type="surname" value="FERGUSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person124" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-7-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner seven years; I am a bricklayer; I always knew him to be an honest man.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-7-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-7-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>The second indictment for Mr. Lewis, the same facts.</p>
<p>ACQUITTED.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before the Lord Chief BARON.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-8">
<interp inst="t17820109-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<interp inst="t17820109-8" type="date" value="17820109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820109-8-off41-c109" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-defend126 t17820109-8-off41 t17820109-8-verdict44"/>
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<p>81, 82, 83.
<persName id="t17820109-8-defend126" type="defendantName"> JAMES BEACH
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend126" type="surname" value="BEACH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend126" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-8-defend128" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH HALL
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend128" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend128" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-8-defend130" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS BURKE
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend130" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend130" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-defend130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted; for
<rs id="t17820109-8-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, in a certain field, near the King's highway, did make an assault on
<persName id="t17820109-8-victim132" type="victimName"> Sarah Stockden
<interp inst="t17820109-8-victim132" type="surname" value="Stockden"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-victim132" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-victim132" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-off41 t17820109-8-victim132"/> </persName> , and put her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and taking from her person, one pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 7 s. one pocket-book, value 6 d. and five shillings in money, her property </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person133"> SARAH STOCKDEN
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person133" type="surname" value="STOCKDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person133" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person133" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I can with safety say I know all the three prisoners at the bar; I was robbed the
<rs id="t17820109-8-cd42" type="crimeDate">24th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-off41 t17820109-8-cd42"/> last, in the morning, about a hundred and fifty yards in the
<placeName id="t17820109-8-crimeloc43">Duke of Bedford's private road, in the parish of Pancrass</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-crimeloc43" type="placeName" value="Duke of Bedford's private road, in the parish of Pancrass"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-crimeloc43" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-off41 t17820109-8-crimeloc43"/>, between five and six in the morning; they took my buckles, a pocket, and a little box from my child, that was just come from school, with three new sixpences, and four or five shillings, some trifling sum.</p>
<p>Who robbed you? - The outside one took my buckles (Joseph Hall) they were
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090012"/> silver; they are worth seven or eight shillings; the tall one, Beach, stood at my shoulder with a cutlass in his hand.</p>
<p>Are you sure he was there? - Yes; I am positive to the three.</p>
<p>Are you sure the middle one was there? - My husband is not positive against him; he robbed him as we crossed the road; they passed us; Mr. Stockden said I believe they are thieves; they are bad ones; they came back immediately, and took hold of us, and set my husband's face to Tottenham Court, and mine to Islington; I said I had a family of children; they blasted my eyes, and said, they did not care if I had twenty, they said money they wanted, and money they would have, and said my buckles were plated; they were going to sea, and blasted my bloody eyes, and said if I would not give them my money they would blow my brains out; they took my pocket-book, and four or five shillings in money, and all the halfpence I had.</p>
<p>From the Prisoner, Beach. What time in the morning, whether dark or light? - It was near six o'clock, neither light nor dark; I observed the colour of their cloths; I can be positive to Beach and Hall; I said at the public office, I believed them all to be the men.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person134"> JOHN STOCKDEN
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person134" type="surname" value="STOCKDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person134" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Was you with your wife the 29th of December? - We live at Pancrass; going to Covent Garden, my wife was with me; three men passed us a little, five or six yards, as soon as they had, I walked about ten yards; I said to her, they are three thieves, I am sure, by their appearance; as near as I can guess it was about a quarter before six, or twenty minutes; it was light enough for me to discern them eight or ten yards.</p>
<p>It could not be day-light? - No.</p>
<p>Was it moon-light? - No; not as I know of; it was raining; as sook as I had spoke these words, two came behind me, and the other came fronting my face; they turned back, and bid us stop; they all three got about us in a hussle, and two began to search her pockets; I cannot say what money they took from her.</p>
<p>Which are the men? - Those at the bar; the little one took her buckles, that is Hall, I am certain of it; I am very certain to them all three.</p>
<p>Did you ever see their persons before? - Not to my knowledge.</p>
<p>The Prisoner. Why he did not swear to us when first taken? - I did; they were committed on my oath.</p>
<p>Did you swear to them the first day? - I did.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person135"> CHARLES GRUBB
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person135" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person135" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; on the 24th of December I was sent for by the prosecutor, about nine or ten in the morning; he said he had been robbed, and he described the prisoners to me; we got up to them just at the end of Holborn, and I took hold of Burke by the collar, and another, and told them I had a charge against them for a footpad robbery; there were four in company; then with that they immediately blasted my bloody eyes; they gave me a blow, and drawed their knives, and fell cutting away, I scuffled with them, and we took two; the other two made their escape; I pursued Burke and Mowatt; he is not here; I took Burke, Beach, the tall one, gave me a violent blow with the but end of a pistol; I was hit about so, I almost lost my senses; the Bow-street people secured the other; he hid himself in a dark room, where there was a cart load of wood; I went up two or three time there before I could find him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person136"> MICHAEL DEVEREN
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person136" type="surname" value="DEVEREN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person136" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>When Mr. Stockden told me he was robbed, I went to assist him; in Tottenham-court-road we saw Mr. Hall; he said that was one of the men; we watched him into a shop; he came out and went into the Fox and Hounds; we followed him in, and there we saw four men sitting on the seats; then Mr. Stockden looked at them, and he said, he could swear to three of them, but that he was afraid to engage them; he thought he had not help enough; accordingly he came out, and we went a hundred yards, and met Mr. Glover; Mr. Stockden
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090013"/> called Mr. Glover out to tell him what he was upon, in about two minutes Glover and Stockden came in, and told us they were all four coming along the street, I asked Mr. Stockden again, if he was convinced they were the men, he said he was, I told Glover to go for a constable, I dogged them to Broad St. Giles's; then Mr. Grubb and Mr. Glover came up, I was on the other side of the way, they called me to them, as I was going across, they were getting into the narrow part, they turned about, one collared two, I collared two more; I collared Beach and the other young man that was discharged, with the sandy hair. They began to fight, the lad in the red hair struck me over the eye, and the other
<persName id="t17820109-8-person137"> drew
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person137" type="given" value="drew"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a knife, I struck the lad, and Beach had a knife drawn, he made a stroke at me, just struck me and no more; he got away at that time, I was not present when they took him.</p>
<p>- GLOVER sworn.</p>
<p>I took Burke and the red headed one, Grubb and I took him, I was doing a job in Oxford-road, I went to Mr. Haynes, and Stockden came in, I know no farther than Grubb has said; but I hit one of them three times over the legs with this stick.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person138"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person138" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person138" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took Beach and Hall, the two outside ones, in Onslow-street, Saffron-hill, about eleven o'clock the same day, both coming down stairs together.</p>
<p>How came you to know where to find them? - A person told me where they lived it would not be right to mention here. I found nothing upon them at the time they were taken.</p>
<p>Beach puts in a copy of his commitment, only to look at them, he said, he would not swear against us the first day.</p>
<p>Prisoner Burke. We have one question to ask that witness in the white coat, whether they did not come twice into the public-house, without challenging us.</p>
<p>Court. The prosecutor said, he thought you were the men, but did not think they were strong enough, and went out again.</p>
<p>For the Prisoners.</p>
<p>The clerk of the arraigns read the examination before the Justice, which agreed with the evidence given by the prosecutor and his wife.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person139"> THOMAS WATMORE
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person139" type="surname" value="WATMORE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person139" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Fox and Hounds, I know nothing of the robbery, the prisoners came to my house, and said they wanted a pot of purl, I came down and gave it them, there were present the three prisoners, and three brewer's servants; the prosecutor came in with three or four more, and drank a glass of gin or pepper-mint, and went out for about a quarter of an hour, and then came back and drank something else, and went out again; and after they were gone out a second time, the prisoners went away; about ten minutes, or a quarter of an hour after, the three or four men came back, and asked me if I knew their names, I said no; they said they robbed this man this morning, I said, then why did not you detain them in the house, the prosecutor made answer, because I did not know them, I believe the one in the brown coat to be one.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person140"> John Worth
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person140" type="surname" value="Worth"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person140" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw this Beach about a quarter after six, on the Monday before Christmas-day.</p>
<p>You saw Beach about six in the morning? - About a quarter after, I was going into a house, the Crown ale-house, for a pennyworth of purl, I saw him come out, this was in Cow-cross, by Smithfield, near Hick's-hall.</p>
<p>Are you certain as to the time? - Yes; as near as I can think, I went in for a pennyworth of purl, and I looked at the clock.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person141"> Philip Bristol
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person141" type="surname" value="Bristol"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person141" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Monday morning before Christmas-day, about a quarter before six, or half an hour, I saw the prisoner at the bar, James Beach, I had a warrant against him at the same time, as I was going to Smithfield, I saw him in Cow-cross, it might be a quarter or half after six, I was going to the Bear and ragged Staff, in Smithfield, when I met him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person142"> CHARLES LEWIS
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person142" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person142" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was going to work on Monday morning,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090014"/> the day before Christmas-day, I saw James Beach stand against the corner of Long-lane, a little before six.</p>
<p>Where is Long-lane? - By Smithfield.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person143"> JAMES BEACH
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person143" type="surname" value="BEACH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person143" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820109-8-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17820109-8-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-defend126 t17820109-8-punish45"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person144"> JOSEPH HALL
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person144" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person144" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820109-8-verdict46" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-verdict46" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17820109-8-punish47" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-punish47" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-defend128 t17820109-8-punish47"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-8-person145"> FRANCIS BURKE
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person145" type="surname" value="BURKE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person145" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-8-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17820109-8-verdict48" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-verdict48" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17820109-8-punish49" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-8-punish49" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-8-defend130 t17820109-8-punish49"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17820109-9" type="date" value="17820109"/>
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<p>84.
<persName id="t17820109-9-defend147" type="defendantName"> FRANCES HART
<interp inst="t17820109-9-defend147" type="surname" value="HART"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-defend147" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-defend147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-9-off50" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-9-off50" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-off50" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing on the
<rs id="t17820109-9-cd51" type="crimeDate">13th of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-9-off50 t17820109-9-cd51"/> last, one piece of black silk mode, containing fifty-two yards, value 18 s. and one other piece of black silk mode, containing four yards, value 16 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-9-victim149" type="victimName"> John Didier
<interp inst="t17820109-9-victim149" type="surname" value="Didier"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-victim149" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-victim149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-9-off50 t17820109-9-victim149"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-9-person150"> JOHN DIDIER
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person150" type="surname" value="DIDIER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person150" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>What do you know of this prisoner? - I do not personally know her, nor that the property was taken away by her, all I know is, the property is mine, I can prove it, a young man that lives with me,
<persName id="t17820109-9-person151"> John Davidson
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person151" type="surname" value="Davidson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person151" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , can prove the fact.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-9-person152"> JOHN DAVIDSON
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person152" type="surname" value="DAVIDSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person152" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Are you shop-man to Mr. Didier? - Yes sir; I do not know the prisoner. On Tuesday, the 13th of November last, I missed fifty-two yards of black mode and silk, about two in the afternoon; I am not positive, whether I saw it for two or three days before, I knew it had been in the shop the day before, Mr. Didier saw it then; on Tuesday the 13th of November two women came into the shop, strangers to me, it was before I missed the mode; as soon as they were gone out of the shop I missed it, in about five minutes after; neither of those women were the prisoner; I did not hear any thing more of the silk till the Friday, then a person informed Mr. Didier about it; I know nothing of the silk being found on the prisoner.</p>
<p>Mr. Didier called again.</p>
<p>Where did you find your piece of mode? - I came home on Tuesday between two and three, I had the mode in my hand the day before; when I came home I was informed a piece of mode had been stolen; on Friday morning I found it in the constable's hands, in consequence of an advertisement, I could not have sworn to it, but for my shop mark in my hand writing; I never saw the prisoner till after the robbery at the Justice's, I only know from Wolley, the constable, how he came by it; at the Justice's she said she found it, or picked it up, or something, she said two women put it into her lap as she was going along, she acknowledged its being found upon her.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - In Fleet-street, within a few doors of Shoe-lane.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-9-person153"> THOMAS WOLLEY
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person153" type="surname" value="WOLLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person153" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the constable; I got this mode out of the prisoner's apron at Mr. Williamson's in Holborn; she said some woman had thrown it down in the street, and she had picked it up, I told her it was very odd, so dirty a night, that there should be no dirt on it; it was a very wet dirty night; I took it out of her apron, and by an advertisement we found the owner, he swore to it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-9-person154"> JOHN WILLIAMSON
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person154" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-9-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , jun. sworn.</p>
<p>On the 13th of November these women came into my father's shop, I was backwards, but was immediately called, and just as I came in, they went out on some frivolous pretence, I followed them, and going towards Gray's Inn-lane, they crossed over, and the prisoner was watching them, it is narrow there; I saw her open her apron and the woman popped the things into her lap; I stopped her, and asked her what she had in her apron, she said old cloaths; I desired to see them, and the first thing I saw was some silk stockings and chintzes of my father's, with some other things of a neighbour's.</p>
<p>Court. Though it is very clear this woman did not come honestly by these goods,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090015"/> the offence is different from the charge of the indictment; it appears from Davidson's evidence, that this woman was in the shop of Didier, therefore her offence is certainly that of receiving the goods, knowing them to be stolen; if she had been so indicted, you would have had no doubt of convicting her, but there is now no evidence to convict her on this indictment.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-9-verdict52" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-9-verdict52" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-10">
<interp inst="t17820109-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820109"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10" type="date" value="17820109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820109-10-off53-c133" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-10-defend156 t17820109-10-off53 t17820109-10-verdict55"/>
<p>85.
<persName id="t17820109-10-defend156" type="defendantName"> ABRAHAM COHEN
<interp inst="t17820109-10-defend156" type="surname" value="COHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-defend156" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-defend156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-10-off53" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-10-off53" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-off53" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-10-cd54" type="crimeDate">25th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-10-off53 t17820109-10-cd54"/> last, one black sattin cloak, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17820109-10-victim158" type="victimName"> John Napper
<interp inst="t17820109-10-victim158" type="surname" value="Napper"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-victim158" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-victim158" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-10-off53 t17820109-10-victim158"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-10-person159"> GRACE NAPPER
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person159" type="surname" value="NAPPER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person159" type="given" value="GRACE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was invited to dinner on Christmas day, I hung my cloak in the kitchen, next the fire place, with my bonnet at the top of it, there were several of their friends; a little after ten this fellow came in, there were several people there, and he pushed open the door, and hitched the bonnet off my cloak, and took my cloak away; I did not see him take it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-10-person160"> THOMAS HALL
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person160" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person160" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in the kitchen, it was about ten o'clock; this man came down the entry, and pushed the door open, and came in and took the cloak off a hook, five or six people more were there; he came round the bar that is by the kitchen, and took the bonnet and put it on the bar door, and whipped the cardinal off.</p>
<p>Court. Do you mean to say he did it openly before all your faces? - Yes; I went after him, and he dropt it.</p>
<p>Jury. Did you see him drop it? - I did.</p>
<p>Can you swear to seeing him drop it? - I can.</p>
<p>Court. Did he come in softly or openly? - He came along the entry, he came into the kitchen, and pushed the door open, and came in; there is a kind of a round at the bar, and there were two cardinals hanging and the bonnet, I saw him, and he saw all us; I followed him, and laid hold of him, and he dropt the cloak immediately; he said nothing hardly, only that he had lived by thieving several years.</p>
<p>Court. Was he drunk then, or out of his senses; did you see. Mrs. Napper take up the cloak afterwards? - No; it was brought into the tap-room by Mrs. Napper, I did not see her take it up, but I am positive it was the same cloak, I saw her hang it up, I saw it on the nail.</p>
<p>Court to Mrs. Napper. Where did you pick up your cloak? - Out at the back door under the bench, I have the cloak here now; he begged my pardon, and begged me to be merciful, he said he never was brought up to work, he deserved to be hanged years ago, he is a noted thief.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-10-person161"> JOHN NAPPER
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person161" type="surname" value="NAPPER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person161" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was obligated to be at work, my master had a contract for government; I know nothing of the matter, but that it is my property.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>My lord, I was a customer at the house for beer, I came in and said to the old gentlewoman, I want a pot of beer and change for a shilling, and the gentlewoman said you have dropt something, I said I had dropt nothing; then I went into the taproom, and the gentlewoman said that is what he has dropt; I said do what you will with me, and they took me up, and sent for the constable, he said I must go with him to the Compter; then I went before the Lord Mayor, he asked her if it was her cloak, she said she valued it at half a guinea; he asked her if she could prove I dropt it, she said no; the Lord Mayor said I commit this man to the Compter, they called the landlord, he said he knew nothing of it. I know no more of it than the child unborn; I have four witnesses below, I cannot read English, their names are on this paper, Myles, Daniel, Cole, and Hendricks.</p>
<p>Who put the names down on that paper? - I cannot tell who he was.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090016"/>SAMPSON HENDRICKS sworn.</p>
<p>What are you? - A corn doctor; I have known the prisoner a great many years, he is my nephew, it is my duty to appear for him, I never knew him to be before the face of a magistrate in his life, he always bore an exceeding good character; I know nothing of the other witnesses.</p>
<p>Court. This story is certainly a very odd one, that this man should deliberately take the bonnet off the hook, lay it down, and take the cloak, and carry it off before their faces, is something very extraordinary, and the account he gave of himself, that he got his living by thieving, and deserved to be hanged twenty times, is more extraordinary; the prisoner has given no answer to that, only one witness has appeared for him, his uncle, and knows nothing against him; you will form your own judgment of the case, and if you have any reason to doubt of the evidence you will acquit him.</p>
<p>Jury. how do you get your living?</p>
<p>By selling lemons, and sometimes cloaths; get 10 s. or 8 s. a week.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-10-verdict55" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-10-verdict55" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-10-punish56" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-10-punish56" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-punish56" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-10-defend156 t17820109-10-punish56"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-10-punish57" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-10-punish57" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-10-punish57" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-10-defend156 t17820109-10-punish57"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-11">
<interp inst="t17820109-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820109"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11" type="date" value="17820109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820109-11-off58-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-11-defend163 t17820109-11-off58 t17820109-11-verdict60"/>
<p>86.
<persName id="t17820109-11-defend163" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM DEDROSS
<interp inst="t17820109-11-defend163" type="surname" value="DEDROSS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-defend163" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-defend163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-11-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-11-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-11-cd59" type="crimeDate">11th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-11-off58 t17820109-11-cd59"/> last, one wooden firkin, value 4 d. and fifty-six pounds of butter, value 20 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-11-victim165" type="victimName"> Thomas Pearson
<interp inst="t17820109-11-victim165" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-victim165" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-victim165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-11-victim167" type="victimName"> Richard Modsley
<interp inst="t17820109-11-victim167" type="surname" value="Modsley"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-victim167" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-victim167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>(
<persName id="t17820109-11-person168"> Thomas Pearson
<interp inst="t17820109-11-person168" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-person168" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn to the property.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-11-person169"> HENRY GODDARD
<interp inst="t17820109-11-person169" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-person169" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Tuesday, December the 11th, about half past three in the afternoon, I had been out with a load; just before I came home I met a man with a firkin of butter, he was in a very great hurry, the prisoner is the man; I looked round, I saw it was my master's property by the marks; I ran into my master's house to know if they had sold a firkin of butter to a strange man, they said no, then I ran after him, and took him with the firkin of butter, and held him till the officer came to assist me; I took him to my master's house, he rested on a post, he was tying round his blue apron as I suppose to hide it; I asked him what he did with it, he said, let me go, let me go, you have got the firkin of butter; I knew it to be my master's butter, by H. O. R. in a chalk-mark.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My lord, the firkin of butter was put down in the corner of the street, and I took it up, and carried it to the post on purpose for somebody to own it; I did not take it out of the shop, nor never stole it, have no witnesses.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-11-verdict60" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-11-verdict60" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-11-punish61" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-11-punish61" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-punish61" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="publicWhipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-11-defend163 t17820109-11-punish61"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-11-punish62" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-11-punish62" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-11-punish62" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-11-defend163 t17820109-11-punish62"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-12">
<interp inst="t17820109-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820109"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12" type="date" value="17820109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820109-12-off63-c143" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-12-defend171 t17820109-12-off63 t17820109-12-verdict67"/>
<p>87.
<persName id="t17820109-12-defend171" type="defendantName"> GEORGE GAUGH
<interp inst="t17820109-12-defend171" type="surname" value="GAUGH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-defend171" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-defend171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-12-off63" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-12-off63" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-off63" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-12-cd64" type="crimeDate">20th day of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-12-off63 t17820109-12-cd64"/> last, one flag basket, value one penny, and fifty pound of raisins, value ten shillings </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-12-victim173" type="victimName"> William Frampton
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim173" type="surname" value="Frampton"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim173" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-12-victim175" type="victimName"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim175" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim175" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-12-victim177" type="victimName"> James Devereux Hustler
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim177" type="surname" value="Hustler"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim177" type="given" value="James Devereux"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-victim177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-12-person178"> WILLIAM COATES
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person178" type="surname" value="COATES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person178" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a weaver, a manufacturer; on the 20th of December I was going through Bishopsgate-street, and by the Black Bull, I stopped for a cart to come out of the inn; about one in the afternoon, or a little after, just behind the dark part of the gateway, I saw a man who is the prisoner, with a basket of raisins in his hand, and was walking very fast, he was coming out of the gateway, after the cart, and was going out by Mr. Macmurdo's, he turned directly to go towards Threadneedle-street, in consequence of that I called to the carman, and he went up to the man, and took the basket, and asked him what he was doing with it; I saw him do it; I asked the car-man why he did not take the man as well as the basket, but he kept to his cart; I followed the man, who took to his heels; I did not lose sight of him till the turning;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090017"/> I overtook him again, and looked at him in the face, and went into the Poulry Compter to get a constable to take him, I called a constable to go up Cheapside, I met him, I said that is the man, and the constable took him to the Compter.</p>
<p>Court. You have no doubt but that is the same man, quite sure of it? - Quite sure, no doubt at all, I have made an affidavit before my Lord Mayor.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-12-person179"> EVAN DAVIES
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person179" type="surname" value="DAVIES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person179" type="given" value="EVAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am porter to
<persName id="t17820109-12-person180"> William Frampton
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person180" type="surname" value="Frampton"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person180" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-12-person181"> John Thompson
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person181" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person181" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-12-person182"> John Hustler
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person182" type="surname" value="Hustler"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person182" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , they
<rs id="t17820109-12-viclabel65" type="occupation">keep a grocer's warehouse</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-12-victim173 t17820109-12-viclabel65"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-12-victim175 t17820109-12-viclabel65"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-12-victim177 t17820109-12-viclabel65"/>, No. 34, Leadenhall-street, I went with the cart to
<placeName id="t17820109-12-crimeloc66">Bishopsgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-crimeloc66" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-crimeloc66" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-12-off63 t17820109-12-crimeloc66"/>, first to the Waggon and Horses, then to the Bull; when I was coming out of the Bull Inn, and turning the corner, I cast my eye back, and saw a man with a basket in his hand, I thought it was a basket out of my cart, I knew there was such a basket in my cart, I had five of them with the same mark, I ran up to him and said, did not you take this out of my cart, no, says he, you dropped it out of the cart, I snapped it out of his hand, and ran after the cart, it was facing Mr. Macmurdo's door, as near as I can guess, the man was got about ten yards, he was going from the cart, I turned to the left hand to go to the Green Dragon, he turned to the right, the basket was my master's, I could not swear to it, if it was not for the directions, but I am very clear of it; the directions were,
<persName id="t17820109-12-person183"> Thomas Day
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person183" type="surname" value="Day"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person183" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Saffron Walden.</p>
<p>Was it so placed that it was likely to fall out of the cart? - I cannot say; I should think it was not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I am porter at the four swans, Bishopsgate-street, I was in that Inn yard at half past one, I went with an order of Hinde's and Butterfield's, I saw nothing in Bishopsgate-street; as I was coming back, the turnkey of the Poultry, said, I must go with him, I told him my name and my business; this gentleman said, he saw a carman take a basket off my back, I was very contented, I neither saw the basket nor the cart.</p>
<p>Court to Davies. Are you sure you can now swear to the prisoner's person, you had but little time to observe him? - I remarked a little mark on his cheek, I am clear is the same man.</p>
<p>Jury. When did you see him again, how long was it? - It might be an hour very likely.</p>
<p>To Coates. How long was it from the time you lost sight of the man, when you went to the Compter, till you took up the prisoner in Cheapside? - I believe five or six minutes; we took him up a little beyond the Old Jury, but a little from the Compter, the man threatened me, says I, my friend I think I am very clear, because I passed you, he said he had been at Hinde's and Butterfield's, as he tells you now, I went to them knowing them, they said he had been there, in that he has given you a true account; I am very glad you asked that question because it made me recollect.</p>
<p>To Coates. You met him again returning that was between Hind and Butterfield's and the old Jury? - Yes.</p>
<p>Are you sure and positive as to his person? - I am very clear in it that it is the same person; I immediately followed him, I did not lose sight of him, but just at the turning of Threadneedle-street; I overtook him without running, because I thought it would only alarm him, then I looked at him, I verily believe him to be the same man, I looked at his face, his coat and his stockings, he had very brown stockings on.</p>
<p>You learned that he was a porter at the four swans? - Yes, sir; I went there.</p>
<p>To Coates. Was the prisoner's hair tied behind or not? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>To Davies. Did you observe that? - No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-12-person184"> JOHN ROBINSON
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person184" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person184" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am publican at the end of Bedford-row, I know the prisoner, have known him many years, he bears a very good character; he is a porter at the four swans, he was servant to me two years, he served me faithfully.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-12-person185"> THOMAS DURN
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person185" type="surname" value="DURN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person185" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-12-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner two or three years, he is a sober, honest, industrious man, his mistress would give him an excellent
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090018"/> character, but she is infirm and cannot come.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-12-verdict67" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-12-verdict67" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-13">
<interp inst="t17820109-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<p>88, 89.
<persName id="t17820109-13-defend186" type="defendantName"> GEORGE PEACH , otherwise
<rs id="t17820109-13-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-defend186 t17820109-13-alias-1"/>ADAMS</rs>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-defend186" type="surname" value="PEACH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-defend186" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-defend186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-13-defend189" type="defendantName"> THOMAS OSBORNE
<interp inst="t17820109-13-defend189" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-defend189" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-defend189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted, for
<rs id="t17820109-13-off68" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-13-off68" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-off68" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17820109-13-victim191" type="victimName"> William Luckhurst
<interp inst="t17820109-13-victim191" type="surname" value="Luckhurst"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-victim191" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-victim191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-off68 t17820109-13-victim191"/> </persName> , upon the
<rs id="t17820109-13-cd69" type="crimeDate">9th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-off68 t17820109-13-cd69"/> last, about the hour of nine at night, and stealing two cotton counterpanes, value 50 s. one linen coverlid, value 12 s. nine woollen blankets, value 50 s. three bed curtains, value 20 s. two oval dressing glasses, value 40 s. and a pier glass, the value of 30. the goods of the said
<persName id="t17820109-13-person192"> William Luckhurst
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person192" type="surname" value="Luckhurst"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person192" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-13-person193"> WILLIAM LUCKHURST
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person193" type="surname" value="LUCKHURST"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person193" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17820109-13-viclabel70" type="occupation">keep a turner's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-victim191 t17820109-13-viclabel70"/> at the end of
<placeName id="t17820109-13-crimeloc71">Bedford-row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-crimeloc71" type="placeName" value="Bedford-row"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-crimeloc71" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-off68 t17820109-13-crimeloc71"/>, I had my house broke open on the 9th of December last, on a Sunday, I cannot tell the hour; the next morning I found the kitchen window broke open, and the bar broke, I was coming to that house, I did not lay there; one square of the window quite out, the other almost, and a little way the other stood open.</p>
<p>What time in the morning did you observe this? - Between nine and ten o'clock; when I went into the house, I missed the things in the indictment, (he repeats the things in the indictment).</p>
<p>When did you see them last? - In the day I was all over the house, about twelve, and on the Monday, I heard the oval glass was stopped, at Justice Blackborrow's, there was an oval glass there, four blankets, and three bed curtains.</p>
<p>Were they your property? - Yes; I know the curtains by a particular tuck in them, the glass I know, I had been fitting a new key to it, the glass had lost its key, there was a drawer to the dressing glass, the scutcheon was out of the key-hole; I had another like it, they were both taken away, I have a witness to prove they were taken in the prisoner's custody.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-13-person194"> THOMAS ISAACS
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person194" type="surname" value="ISAACS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person194" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable, on Monday the 10th about half past eight, we had been to Smithfield, I saw a coach stop at a certain house, near a public-house, the sign of the Sun; I saw the tallest, Osborne, jump out of the coach, I was twenty yards from it, I said there was something suspicious in his loitering about; he whispered to the other prisoner who was in the coach, they did not both come out, Osborne went right down the street; I looked in at the coach door, and saw the bundle there, Osborne made off, I am not positive he saw me or not; I continued there some time, I said I had a right to come in, and what have you got here; Peach said, what did I want there, I ordered the coachman to drive to Justice Blackborrow's, with Peach in it, he was examined, and committed for a farther examination; there are the things I found in the coach with them, afterwards Osborne was taken.</p>
<p>Prisoner Osborne. Ask him if this man was in the coach with me when he took me? -</p>
<p>Court. He says he saw Osborne go out of the coach, and only you and the bundle in it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Can you swear Osborne went out of the coach? - I am positive sure of it.</p>
<p>The constable produced the things, and said they had been in his custody ever since.</p>
<p>The Prosecutor deposed, they were his property, I know the bed curtain by the tuck in particular, and the pattern, the glass I can swear to, the scutcheon is on the drawer.</p>
<p>Is there any thing else you know to be yours? No; they found no more.</p>
<p>This was the next day you saw them? - Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-13-person195"> JOHN SMITH
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person195" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person195" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a taylor, on the 10th of December, the Monday Isaacs and I were coming down Cow-cross, I saw Osborne looking out of a coach, this was about half after eight, and Mr. Isaacs says, do you think there is any thing there not their own, I said yes; the coach stopped at Cow-cross, Osborne got out of the coach in Cow-cross,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090019"/> Isaac being an officer, went to the coach, and saw this Adams, and he desired me to go with him, I went, and we took him to Justice Blackborrow's; the coachman is here who can prove the identity of their persons.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-13-person196"> JOHN WINTER
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person196" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person196" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was called the first coach, I was plying in Holborn, near King's gate-street end; I cannot say the day, or the day of the week, it was some time last month, I cannot say the day, it was near the Vine Tavern.</p>
<p>Who called you? - It was one of the two gentlemen at the bar, and took me to the bottom of Newtoner's-street, and desired me turn down on the left hand side to Parker's-lane, I did so, there the two prisoners brought a bundle and a glass.</p>
<p>Are you sure they are the same persons? Yes; they ordered me to drive into Turnmill-street, Clerkenwell, and from thence to White chapel, and back again to Turnmill-street, and when they stopped me in Turnmill-street, Mr. Blackborrow's men came to me at the coach door; I never saw them before that day, I carried them to Justice Blackborrow's.</p>
<p>PEACH's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have nothing to ask.</p>
<p>OSBORNE's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have nothing to say, I have no witnesses.</p>
<p>Court. To make it a burglary, it was necessary the house should be broke open in the night time, not only when the sun was not up, but when there was not light enough to discern the lineaments of a man's countenance; it does not appear it was done in the night time, and as to the capital part of the indictment, the burglary, you will acquit them.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17820109-13-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-13-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-verdict72" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of the single Felony only </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice HEATH.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-13-punish73" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-13-punish73" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-13-punish73" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-defend186 t17820109-13-punish73"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-13-defend189 t17820109-13-punish73"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-14">
<interp inst="t17820109-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<p>90.
<persName id="t17820109-14-defend198" type="defendantName"> JANE MOFFATT
<interp inst="t17820109-14-defend198" type="surname" value="MOFFATT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-defend198" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-defend198" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted with
<persName id="t17820109-14-person199"> DANIEL MURPHY
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person199" type="surname" value="MURPHY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person199" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , not yet taken, for
<rs id="t17820109-14-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-14-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-14-cd75" type="crimeDate">4th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-14-off74 t17820109-14-cd75"/> last, one watch, the inside case of metal, and the outside case called Egyptian pebble, value 7 l. another watch, cases of silver, value 3 l. two mourning rings, set in gold, value 20 s. two plain rings in gold, value 10 s. two punch ladles, made of silver, value 25 s. two tankard covers, plated, value 10 s. and a tortoiseshell tobacco box, value 20 s. and sixteen guineas in money, the goods and monies of
<persName id="t17820109-14-victim201" type="victimName"> Benjamin Bayliss
<interp inst="t17820109-14-victim201" type="surname" value="Bayliss"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-victim201" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-victim201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-14-off74 t17820109-14-victim201"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-14-person202"> BENJAMIN BAYLISS
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person202" type="surname" value="BAYLISS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person202" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 4th of December last, between seven and eight o'clock at night, I lost about sixteen guineas in gold, four gold rings, two mourning rings, and two plain ones, two watches, one a metal watch, gilt, with an Egyptian pebble case, one plain silver watch; two punch ladles, silver, whalebone handles; two plated tankard lids; a tobacco box, silver and tortoishell, a tortoishell box, mounted with silver.</p>
<p>Where were they? - The one pair of stairs room of my house in
<placeName id="t17820109-14-crimeloc76">Rolls Buildings, Fetter-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-crimeloc76" type="placeName" value="Rolls Buildings, Fetter-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-crimeloc76" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-14-off74 t17820109-14-crimeloc76"/>; they picked the lock.</p>
<p>When did you see them there? - With respect to the money, I took 10 l. from it the Saturday before; I left the money in the drawer then, and the silver watch and the rings were in the bureau where the money was.</p>
<p>Where were the other things? - The other watch my wife wore, it hung up at the head of the bed; I believe the ladles and tankard lids were in a chest of drawers.</p>
<p>When had you seen them? - On Saturday night; I had the key of the bureau in my pocket.</p>
<p>You say they were taken on the 4th of December; what was your reason for saying so? - There was a parish meeting, I am a vintner, the meeting was at the committee-room at the Work-house, I was there, my wife sent for me home, as soon as I came home, they told me I had been robbed, I went up stairs, found the bureau opened, and the drawers pulled out; she began to tell me how she had been robbed, this was near eight o'clock; our reason for charging the prisoner is, my servant saw
<persName id="t17820109-14-person203"> Daniel Murphy
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person203" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person203" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> come down stairs, and this woman brought some fish to the house, and begged to have them dressed; she came in before I went out, between six and seven o'clock.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090020"/>With Murphy? - No.</p>
<p>You are a vintner? - Yes; I keep the King's Arms, have kept it fourteen years; she came in, and desired to have them dressed for a prisoner over the way; there is a lock-up house there; we first refused it, at last my wife agreed to it, knowing some little of her.</p>
<p>Why did you think she took the things? - My wife had some suspicions of her; I know nothing more than her coming with the fish.</p>
<p>Were the goods found? - No; nothing has been found.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-14-person204"> ELIZABETH BAYLISS
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person204" type="surname" value="BAYLISS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person204" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person204" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Mr. Bayliss has given an account of the things lost, now give the reason why you charge the prisoner; on what day did she come, and what time? - On the 4th of December, between 7 and eight; she brought some fish in, and asked me if I would chuse to dress them for a prisoner over the way; I told her Mrs. Kendray would be angry, she said is wae to save her trouble; when I had dressed them, she said they must be sent over the way, and then she went away, she told me she would let me know the time they were to be done; in a quarter of an hour she came back, and said if convenient she would have them done; I was going into my room, she met me at the door, and said she would like to have them done; at the same time I heard a noise above stairs, she was below; when she said she would have them dressed, I went in again, they were cleaned and put to boil, the servant was reaching the butter; the prisoner asked what must it be for dressing, I said nothing; she said there must be some butter, I said that must be a penny, she went away, and came again, and said there must be an anchovie, then she went away again, and came back, and said she wanted a pennyworth of bread, and then went away, I saw her no more, she did not go up stairs.</p>
<p>Did any body see Murphy come down stairs? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did nobody see her up stairs? - No.</p>
<p>Court. Then nobody saw her in the house, and none of the things in her custody, and only merely going in or out for a common purpose? - No; but we accuse her of keeping me stairs, while we were robbed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-14-person205"> MARGARET CAMERON
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person205" type="surname" value="CAMERON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person205" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person205" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are a servant of Mr. Bayliss? - Yes.</p>
<p>What account have you to give? - I had got a great suspicion, on Monday the 3d of December we had a benefit club, the prisoner came in, and was list'ning on the stairs.</p>
<p>How many came on the Monday night? - There might be thirty people; I saw her about eleven at night on the stairs; she asked for a man and a woman with a light colour'd cloak, she went away in ten minutes, she came through the house to the back door; I bolted that, she asked me if that was not the way to Lincoln's Inn, I said turn the corner.</p>
<p>Is there a way through the house? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did you ever see her go up stairs? - No; the Monday night I saw her on the stairs, she came back and forwards, I saw Murphy come down stairs on the 4th of December, my mistress sent me to stop him; when she said she was robbed, the prisoner was standing still opposite the door, after the house had been robbed that instant; she bid me go and see to find Murphy, she supposed he had taken the things; she said something as I was running after Murphy, I don't know what it was, I thought she was connected with it.</p>
<p>Why did not they take her? - They were flurried.</p>
<p>Prisoner. In respect of being on the stairs on the Monday night, I never was near them in my life.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have no witnesses in the world to the matter, as I was very innocent of the affair; if you please to call my landlord, Mr. Cole, a person I lodged with sixteen years ago.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-14-person206"> John Cole
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person206" type="surname" value="Cole"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person206" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-14-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a carpenter in Great St. Andrew's-street, I have known the prisoner at the bar 14 or 15 years, she lodged with me five or six years, and paid me honestly and justly, I never heard any thing amiss of her.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-14-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-14-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before the Lord Chief BARON.</p> </div1>
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<p>91.
<persName id="t17820109-15-defend208" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH FAGAN
<interp inst="t17820109-15-defend208" type="surname" value="FAGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-defend208" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-defend208" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-15-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-15-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> feloniously stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-15-cd79" type="crimeDate">13th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-15-off78 t17820109-15-cd79"/> last, two yards and an half of woollen cloth for a cloak, value 7 s. 6 d. the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-15-victim210" type="victimName"> Louis Lejeune
<interp inst="t17820109-15-victim210" type="surname" value="Lejeune"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-victim210" type="given" value="Louis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-victim210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-15-off78 t17820109-15-victim210"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-15-person211"> MARY LEJEUNE
<interp inst="t17820109-15-person211" type="surname" value="LEJEUNE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-person211" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-person211" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of
<persName id="t17820109-15-person212"> Louis Lejeune
<interp inst="t17820109-15-person212" type="surname" value="Lejeune"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-person212" type="given" value="Louis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner and another came into the shop, at
<placeName id="t17820109-15-crimeloc80">No. 8, Broad-street, St. Giles's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-crimeloc80" type="placeName" value="No. 8, Broad-street, St. Giles's"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-crimeloc80" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-15-off78 t17820109-15-crimeloc80"/>, the 13th of December last; they asked to look at some caps; three of those cloaks I had just cut out, which laid upon the counter, in the mean while I was shewing the other party some caps, the prisoner at the bar got the cloak under her cloak, these two yards and a half of cloth that was cut out for a cloak; she was not gone out of the shop one minute when I missed my cloak; I immediately ran out in haste, in pursuit of them, but could not see them. I called at Lane's the pawnbroker's, in Holborn, and asked if such a thing was pledged, they answered no; and from thence I went to Drury-lane, to another pawnbroker's, and asked if such a thing was offered there, they said no; I returned home, and took a piece of the same stuff to Mr. Weston's, the corner of Hyde-street, and they answered no; I was going down Holborn to enquire farther, and the prisoner and the other was just opposite to Smart's Buildings: as soon as I perceived them, I jumped across the road, and laid hold of her by the hood of the cloak, and asked her what she had done with my cloak she took off the counter; with that I put my hand round her neck, and under her left arm, and took the cloak from her; with that they made a snatch at it, to get it out of my hand, and betwixt the scuffle she got it a little to the ground; I called out for assistance, and held her by the cloak till I got assistance; her partner said you have got your property, why not let her go; she scratched my hand, I had the marks on for a fortnight; I took her before a Justice, I kept the cloak ever since, this is it, it is my property, I had put it on the counter, the value is 7 s. 6 d.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I know nothing about the cloak, I never see the cloak before; I have no witnesses.</p>
<p>Court. The stealing it privately is a capital offence, if above 5 s.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-15-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-15-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-15-verdict81" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> GUILTY, value 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p> </div1>
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<p>92.
<persName id="t17820109-16-defend214" type="defendantName"> JACOB JONAS
<interp inst="t17820109-16-defend214" type="surname" value="JONAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-defend214" type="given" value="JACOB"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-defend214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-16-off82" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-16-off82" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-off82" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-16-cd83" type="crimeDate">12th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-16-off82 t17820109-16-cd83"/> last, a large leather trunk, covered with hair, value 10 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-16-victim216" type="victimName"> John Larkin
<interp inst="t17820109-16-victim216" type="surname" value="Larkin"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-victim216" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-victim216" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-16-off82 t17820109-16-victim216"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-16-person217"> JOHN LARKIN
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person217" type="surname" value="LARKIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person217" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Wednesday the 12th of December I took up two trunks to carry to
<placeName id="t17820109-16-crimeloc84">Upper Clapton</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-crimeloc84" type="placeName" value="Upper Clapton"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-crimeloc84" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-16-off82 t17820109-16-crimeloc84"/>, I
<rs id="t17820109-16-viclabel85" type="occupation">keep the King's Arms</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-16-victim216 t17820109-16-viclabel85"/> there, and I keep one of the short stages; they were to be carried to Mr. Rigby's, at Upper Clapton, I tied them on behind the coach with a double rope; when I came to my own door, and got off the box, I looked behind before I let a lady out that wanted to be set down, there was one of the boxes missing,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090023"/> I called a man out of the yard, and said, here is one of the boxes gone, take a horse and go after it, it cannot be gone far, as it came only from Lower Clapton;
<persName id="t17820109-16-person218"> William Wheeler
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person218" type="surname" value="Wheeler"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person218" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> took the horse, and pursued it; the horse only returned to my yard in three minutes without the rider; as soon as ever he saw the man, he alighted off the horse, and took him; we went down the road, and met Wheeler with the trunk on his shoulder, and the man in his left hand, the prisoner at the bar; we had no constable there, and we put him on the box between us; as we were going by Upper Clapton, he nestled down rather behind; my man said, you have dropped something, he said no, I got down and found this knife; these are the ropes, it was cut in two, it was put double round the end; he had but little excuse, he said he found the trunk, and we o ught to be obliged to him for taking care of it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-16-person219"> WILLIAM WHEELER
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person219" type="surname" value="WHEELER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person219" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I pursued on horseback; my master called me out of the yard, and bid me take a horse and go after the trunk he had lost; I went immediately and found the man, and the trunk laid in a ditch, about two hundred yards from my master's house, it was not quite a quarter of a mile, he was in the road talking with a woman.</p>
<p>You saw him in the road talking with a woman? - Yes; I saw the trunk lay in the ditch, about seven yards from him; I got off and seized him, and let the horse go immediately.</p>
<p>What did you charge him with? - I had a suspicion he was the man that cut the trunk from behind; he made a piece of work, and said it was not him, and he would give me a punch in the head, and such like as that; a gentleman came up to my assistance, and laid hold of one side of him, and we insisted on his coming with us; I saw a man go over a gate in a blue coat, before I saw the trunk, about three or four yards from it; the prisoner was nearest to the trunk.</p>
<p>How came you not to suspect the man that went over the gate? - Because he ran across the field, and my horse could not go there.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-16-person220"> GEORGE RIGBY
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person220" type="surname" value="RIGBY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person220" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>It is a trunk belonging to my son at school.</p>
<p>Court. It is laid properly as being the property of the coachman.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t17820109-16-person221"> GORDON HILL
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person221" type="surname" value="HILL"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person221" type="given" value="GORDON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-16-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>About two o'clock I was walking out, on the 12th of December, I saw the prisoner take a trunk from behind a coach, roll it on the road, then put it into the ditch; I saw him take it from behind the coach.</p>
<p>How far did he carry it? - It might be a yard or more; he rolled it on the road, and put it into the ditch; there was a man with him in a blue great coat; then he came over to talk to me, and asked me if I wanted any thing, I said not with him, at the same time Mr. Larkin's man seized him.</p>
<p>How long might it be after he took it from the coach the man came up? - A very few minutes; I was walking with a child that walked very slow; I told Mr. Larkin's man as soon as I saw him; I said I saw the man take the trunk off.</p>
<p>Court to Wheeler. How came you to tell me nothing of what the woman told you? - When I came up the fellow was talking to her; she did not tell me just directly; she was in the road, he was nearer the trunk, she was in the path; when I came up to him, a gentleman and lady came up, he came to my assistance, and she told me then she saw him take it, and put it in the ditch.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>She says she saw me roll it out of the road; says she saw that young man take it out of the road, and put it down there in the ditch, and as soon as that man came up to her, I went up and asked her if she wanted any thing, as I thought she might have heard something of it; she said no; I stood there, it was twenty yards from the box she says, and it was not seven yards; she told him at first she saw me roll it out
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090024"/> of the path-way, then said I put it in the ditch. I have no witnesses; I did not see the box at all till I came close by Stamford Hill; the box lay in the road, I rolled it on the path-way; this woman coming along I asked if she wanted any thing, she said no, nothing of me; I thought she might have heard something of it.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-16-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-16-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17820109-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<p>93.
<persName id="t17820109-17-defend223" type="defendantName"> THOMAS BISHOP
<interp inst="t17820109-17-defend223" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-defend223" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-defend223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-17-off87" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-17-off87" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-off87" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-17-cd88" type="crimeDate">8th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-17-off87 t17820109-17-cd88"/> last, twenty large garden mats, value 12 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-17-victim225" type="victimName"> Henry Hewitt
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim225" type="surname" value="Hewitt"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim225" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-17-victim227" type="victimName"> William Smith
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim227" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim227" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-17-victim229" type="victimName"> John Harrison
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim229" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim229" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-victim229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-17-person230"> HENRY HEWITT
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person230" type="surname" value="HEWITT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person230" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17820109-17-viclabel89" type="occupation">nursery man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-17-victim225 t17820109-17-viclabel89"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-17-victim227 t17820109-17-viclabel89"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-17-victim229 t17820109-17-viclabel89"/> at
<placeName id="t17820109-17-crimeloc90">Brompton</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-crimeloc90" type="placeName" value="Brompton"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-crimeloc90" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-17-off87 t17820109-17-crimeloc90"/>; I have two partners,
<persName id="t17820109-17-person231"> John Harrison
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person231" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person231" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-17-person232"> William Smith
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person232" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person232" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I lost two bundles of garden mats on Saturday the 8th of December; I set two men to watch,
<persName id="t17820109-17-person233"> Simon Abbot
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person233" type="surname" value="Abbot"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person233" type="given" value="Simon"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-17-person234"> David Williamson
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person234" type="surname" value="Williamson"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person234" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a little after nine, and they brought the prisoner whom they had detected stealing the mats.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-17-person235"> SIMON ABBOT
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person235" type="surname" value="ABBOT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person235" type="given" value="SIMON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You was set to watch in Mr. Hewitt's grounds on the eight of December? - I was; on Saturday the 8th of December I was watching from a little after six to about seven; the prisoner went up into a window, to Mr. Hewitt's warehouse; I suppose it is about fourteen foot high; he got up the tiles of a shed, where there are coals kept, and he put out two bundles of mats to take away; it was dark we could not see them; but I saw him go up the shed; then I went to call my master Harrison; he was not in the way; while I was gone he came off the tiles, and my partner took him; I knowed him when he came down again, as he lived at Brompton.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-17-person236"> DAVID WILLIAMSON
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person236" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person236" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-17-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I watched with the last witness; presently after we were on the watch, I was in the shed, the prisoner scrambled up upon the tiles of the shed, and went into a little hatch-door that goes into the warehouse; I saw him go up the tiles, but did not see him go into the door; he brought out two bundles of mats, and put them down on the shed, and laid them so that when he got down he might reach them; I went out of the shed, and secured him; laid hold of him as he was coming down; he made this excuse, he wanted lodgings; this was the very man I laid hold of; he has not been out of custody since; we went and brought the mats back again; I knew they were my master's.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I had been to Wimbledon; I was tired, and went there to rest myself an hour or two; as I was afraid of the dogs there, I did not stand up on the tiles, nor go into the window they speak of; I have no witnesses; they never saw me meddle with any thing of these people's property.</p>
<p>To Williamson.</p>
<p>Were the mats on the shed, or in the warehouse? - They were in the warehouse, not upon the shed.</p>
<p>Jury. Is that the usual way of putting out the mats from the warehouse? - No; it is not.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-17-verdict91" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-17-verdict91" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<p>94.
<persName id="t17820109-18-defend238" type="defendantName"> JOHN INGRAM
<interp inst="t17820109-18-defend238" type="surname" value="INGRAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-defend238" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-defend238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-18-off92" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-18-off92" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-off92" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing, upon the
<rs id="t17820109-18-cd93" type="crimeDate">3d of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-18-off92 t17820109-18-cd93"/>, one cloth surtout coat, value 12 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17820109-18-victim240" type="victimName"> John Dear
<interp inst="t17820109-18-victim240" type="surname" value="Dear"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-victim240" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-victim240" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-18-off92 t17820109-18-victim240"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-18-person241"> JOHN DEAR
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person241" type="surname" value="DEAR"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person241" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The 3d day of this month, about eleven o'clock in the forenoon, my wife hung three great coats up to dry, they had been wet; they were hung by the front of the house; in a quarter of an hour after she missed one out of the three; she
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090025"/> came and told me, and I asked if she had sent the men after it, she said she had.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-18-person242"> BENJAMIN BEDFORD
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person242" type="surname" value="BEDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person242" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>As I was at work for Mr. Dear, my mistress told us to pursue after the great coat, it was taken away. I and another man went towards Newington; I enquired of a man that I met, whether he saw a man, he said no; I was going over the bridge, and saw this man with the great coat wrapped in his blue apron, under his arm; I catched him between
<persName id="t17820109-18-person243"> John Butcher
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person243" type="surname" value="Butcher"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person243" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-18-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's and the Bull, at Stoke Newington; there was two more with him, when I stopped him; the others were taken but discharged. This man said one of those was to give him six-pence to take it to Shoreditch; as soon as we got the constable we carried him to the justice's; Mr. Dear has the same great coat on him now, that I found upon the lad; I am positive of it.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>A man gave me the coat to carry; he was to give me sixpence to carry it into Shoreditch. I have no witnesses here.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-18-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-18-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<p>95.
<persName id="t17820109-19-defend245" type="defendantName"> MARY TAUNTON
<interp inst="t17820109-19-defend245" type="surname" value="TAUNTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-defend245" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-defend245" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-19-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-19-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing, on the
<rs id="t17820109-19-cd96" type="crimeDate">2d day of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-19-off95 t17820109-19-cd96"/>, inst. thirty-nine yards of black silk lace, value forty shillings, the goods of
<persName id="t17820109-19-victim247" type="victimName"> John Barlow
<interp inst="t17820109-19-victim247" type="surname" value="Barlow"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-victim247" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-victim247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-19-victim249" type="victimName"> George Coleman
<interp inst="t17820109-19-victim249" type="surname" value="Coleman"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-victim249" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-victim249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately in their shop </rs>.</p>
<p>BLACKETT WALLACE sworn.</p>
<p>I am a silk mercer, a shopman to Mr.
<persName id="t17820109-19-person250"> John Barlow
<interp inst="t17820109-19-person250" type="surname" value="Barlow"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-person250" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-19-person251"> George Coleman
<interp inst="t17820109-19-person251" type="surname" value="Coleman"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-person251" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , at No. 2,
<placeName id="t17820109-19-crimeloc97">Cranbourn-passage</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-crimeloc97" type="placeName" value="Cranbourn-passage"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-crimeloc97" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-19-off95 t17820109-19-crimeloc97"/>; on the second of the month she came in to buy a petticoat; I came down from dinner, this was between two and three, I went into the back shop to serve her, there were three cards of lace lying upon the desk.</p>
<p>Did they lay there when you served her? - No; I had seen them when I went up to dinner; and there was no person came into the shop but her; there was no coat in the shop to please her; she bespoke one, and went away, leaving her directions; I missed a card of lace as soon as she was gone out; missing it I suspected her, and went after her a few doors, and I saw about half a yard hanging from her petticoat, dragging on the pavement; I went and laid hold of the lace, and desired her to step back; she came back and dropped the lace upon the shop floor, she dropped it from under her coats; she had a long cloak on; she begged for mercy.</p>
<p>What did she say besides? - She said she had a child of six weeks old, and begged for mercy for the infant's sake; it was the first offence; the child was not with her.</p>
<p>Did you see her take the lace? - No; I am certain I did not see her take it.</p>
<p>Where is the boy? - He is not present; he did not see her take it he says, he is sixteen.</p>
<p>You did not see this card of lace on the desk after you came down? - No.</p>
<p>Are you sure it dropped from her? - Yes; it has been in my custody ever since; I know it to be my master's, it has his shop-mark.</p>
<p>Might not a card of lace of that bulk stick to the lace of her cloak? - It was not near the desk; I saw her at the end of the counter; she had no occasion to pass by the desk to go to the back room.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I had some witnesses, but they are gone, they did not think my trial would come on; I am not guilty of the crime; I did not take it; I am eighteen next October.</p>
<p>Court By a particular act of parliament this offence, as laid in the indictment, against the prisoner is of a capital nature, and if you find her generally guilty, your verdict will affect her life for stealing privately in a shop to the value of five shillings
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090026"/> or upwards is a capital offence by act of parliament.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-19-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-19-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-19-verdict98" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17820109-19-punish99" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-19-punish99" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-19-defend245 t17820109-19-punish99"/> DEATH </rs>.)</p>
<p>(Recommended by the Jury to mercy.)</p>
<p>The shopkeeper said his master desired the court to be as merciful as possible.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-20">
<interp inst="t17820109-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820109"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20" type="date" value="17820109"/>
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<p>96.
<persName id="t17820109-20-defend253" type="defendantName"> JOHN TURNER
<interp inst="t17820109-20-defend253" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-defend253" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-defend253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-20-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-20-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t17820109-20-victim255" type="victimName"> Robert Roberts
<interp inst="t17820109-20-victim255" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-victim255" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-victim255" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-20-off100 t17820109-20-victim255"/> </persName> on the King's high way, on the
<rs id="t17820109-20-cd101" type="crimeDate">27th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-20-off100 t17820109-20-cd101"/>, and putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person, a guinea and a half, and a shilling, and a silk handkerchief, and a tobacco box, the goods and monies of the said Robert Roberts </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-20-person256"> ROBERT ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17820109-20-person256" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-person256" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was going down Fleet-street, on the 27th of December, there was a woman seemed to be indisposed; I asked what was the matter; a man said, that is my wife; I said I don't want to hurt your wife, you are welcome to a glass of any thing; we went to a house, and the prisoner was there; I went towards home; they followed me; the prisoner said to get away from that man, you had better get a coach; as a coach was got I ordered a man to drive to the Golden-Cross, at Charing-Cross; immediately the two men got into the coach; I was a little flurried in going up
<placeName id="t17820109-20-crimeloc102">the Strand</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-crimeloc102" type="placeName" value="the Strand"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-crimeloc102" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-20-off100 t17820109-20-crimeloc102"/>; I missed the silk handkerchief; I suspected the man; I told them I had lost my handkerchief; I did not seem frightened; the coach stopped at the end of
<placeName id="t17820109-20-crimeloc103">Piccadilly</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-crimeloc103" type="placeName" value="Piccadilly"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-crimeloc103" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-20-off100 t17820109-20-crimeloc103"/>; I was going to pay the coachman; the prisoner laid hold of my hand, and made a snatch, and took a guinea and a half from me; I catched him, and held his right hand fast; it rather sprained my hand; the other man run off.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>You first met with another man talking with a woman? - Yes; I spoke to her, and he said, that woman is my wife; this was on the 27th of December; I said, I did not mean any harm to her, you are welcome to a glass of any thing; I did not know that any house was open at that time; it was about three o'clock in the morning.</p>
<p>You say you ordered the coachman to drive, where? - To the Golden Cross, at Charing-cross.</p>
<p>When you called it first, why did not you refuse to let the men go and tell the coachman they were not of your company? - I was much flurried, I did not know what to do.</p>
<p>Was you sober? - I was not drunk, I was sober enough to know what I was about.</p>
<p>If sober, you would hardly have gone with them? - I only suspected one of them, I could not tell whether the other was his friend or no, I was at a stand, and did not know what to do, I never was in such a situation.</p>
<p>Is it possible a sober man could act in such a manner, if you suspected one, then you was three to one, you might have objected? - I certainly knew what I was about.</p>
<p>How came you to let the coach go on to Piccadilly? - I don't know, when I quitted the coach, I took my money out to pay the coachman, I had one shilling and sixpence in silver, the prisoner snatched out of my hand a guinea and a half, and a shilling.</p>
<p>He did not demand your money? - No.</p>
<p>Nor produce a weapon? - No; my handkerchief was taken out of my pocket in the coach, nor my tobacco-box, I did not miss that, the other was forced out of my hand and nothing said, I held the prisoner fast till the watchman came up.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-20-person257"> GILBERT ROSS
<interp inst="t17820109-20-person257" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-person257" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-20-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am patrole watchman in the winter, my partner and I go two and two together; about the 2d of December we heard a noise the corner of the Hay-market, near the Lemon Tree; when we came up, he said they have robbed me, says he, take hold of that man, I ran after him, could not catch him, they took him to the watch-house, and found this tobacco-box and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090027"/> handkerchief, and a guinea, on him, the prosecutor seemed to be between both, not quite in liquor, nor quite sober, I was present when they were taken from the prisoner.</p>
<p>Prosecutor deposed to the box, which was taken privately from him, and the handkerchief.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was at a house and called for a pint of purl, and this other man was drinking there, as soon as I drank my purl, I went out of the house to go home, I overtook this gentleman at the bottom of Ludgate-hill, he was reeling about, much in liquor, I advised him to go home, he would not, I joaked with him, I said I suppose you are like me, says he, what do you mean, says I, are you locked in the street, no, says he, but I don't chuse to go home to disturb my family and servants; another man came up, and he said, I don't want you, the gentleman was much in liquor, he did not know what to do, we got a coach, and got into it, he pulled the tobacco-box out, and it dropped down, he was very much in liquor, and with the movement of the coach he fell asleep, instead of putting his handkerchief in his pocket, he put it down on the seat of the coach; I called to the coachman, and said there was something dropped down in the coach; I stooped and picked up the handkerchief and box, he put them in my pocket, he was very much in liquor, he could hardly get out of the coach; when he got out, he pulled out a shilling, and a half guinea, and some half-pence, I said, I had some silver and would pay it for him. I thought the gentleman would forget, I had laid out the eighteen-pence for him, and I took the half guinea out of his hand, says he directly you have robbed me, says I, I have got none but your half guinea as security, if you give me the eighteen-pence, you shall have it directly, no, says he, you have robbed me. I gave him the half-guinea again, he said, I had robbed him of three or four guineas; I had but one guinea about me, with some silver, I paid the coachman. The next morning they asked me how I came by the tobacco box, and the handkerchief; I told them the same I do now to you. They would not hear me, I have no witnesses here, they are gone, I asked the coachman, I said have you seen me rob the gentleman? No, says he, the gentleman is drunk and mad.</p>
<p>Court to Prosecutor. Why did not you bring the coachman, Mr. Roberts? - I did not speak to the coachman.</p>
<p>Why did you not take the number? - I did not take that; as soon as I took my money out, he seized my money.</p>
<p>Court. The charge in the indictment, is a highway robbery. In order to constitute that, it is necessary either the property should be actually taken from the person who is robbed, by force or violence; with the use of weapons, or with force and violence, or that it should be delivered by the person, in consequnce of the fear of some immediate personal attempt to his life or person. With respect to the handkerchief and tobacco box, found by the watchman, there is no pretence for supporting the indictment, for they were certainly taken, if not found, as the prisoner says, in the coach, but taken from the prosecutor at all, they were taken privately without his perceiving it; that is an offence of a different nature, and there is not the least pretence for saying he was robbed (in a legal sense) of his tobacco box and handkerchief. It does not seem to me that there is evidence enough to constitute a highway robbery; there was no demand of money; no threat used by the prisoner; no weapon produced to put the prosecutor in fear; the prosecutor did not deliver the money, nor was it taken from him by such force and violence as would endanger his life and person, but upon drawing his money out of his pocket himself, and holding out his hand for the purpose of paying the coachman; the prisoner snatched it out of his hand; though that is clearly a theft and felony, it is not in point of law, a highway robbery; and therefore I don't think upon his own evidence, the prosecutor has proved sufficient to warrant the indictment. It was taken
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090028"/> in a way that might make it felony, but it is not a highway robbery, and therefore he ought to be acquitted of the charge of the highway robbery upon this indictment.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17820109-20-verdict104" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-20-verdict104" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<p>97, 98.
<persName id="t17820109-21-defend259" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS CURTIS
<interp inst="t17820109-21-defend259" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-defend259" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-defend259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> &
<persName id="t17820109-21-defend261" type="defendantName"> JOHN COLEMAN
<interp inst="t17820109-21-defend261" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-defend261" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-defend261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17820109-21-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> feloniously assaulting
<persName id="t17820109-21-victim263" type="victimName"> William Duncombe
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim263" type="surname" value="Duncombe"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim263" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in a field, near the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t17820109-21-cd106" type="crimeDate">6th day of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-cd106"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-cd106"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-cd106"/> last, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person one silver watch, value 3 l. one base metal watch key, value 1 d. one enamel'd ring, set in gold, value 12 s. and five guineas and an half, the goods and monies of the said
<persName id="t17820109-21-person264"> William Duncombe
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person264" type="surname" value="Duncombe"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person264" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person265"> WILLIAM DUNCOMBE
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person265" type="surname" value="DUNCOMBE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person265" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I cannot positively swear to Curtis; I was coming from High gate, on the 6th of December, about four in the afternoon, on foot; it was in the fields between
<placeName id="t17820109-21-crimeloc107">Kentish-Town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc107" type="placeName" value="Kentish-Town"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc107" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-crimeloc107"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-crimeloc107"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-crimeloc107"/> and
<placeName id="t17820109-21-crimeloc108">Pancrass church</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc108" type="placeName" value="Pancrass church"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc108" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-crimeloc108"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-crimeloc108"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-crimeloc108"/> where I was stopp'd; the first past on, I met a tall man in soldier's cloaths, I heard him bid a woman good night, about 40 yards further I saw Coleman, another soldier, and he came up to me and took me by the collar, they were both in the regimentals; he laid hold of me with his right hand, he spoke, he said your money Sir, for by God us soldiers want money; I told him I hoped he would not use me ill, and have my money too, I put my hand in my pocket, and gave him a guinea; I cannot say the words he made use of, he was sure I had more, and he put his hand on the outside of my pocket, in the mean time the other who passed me first, came up and with his left hand he got hold of me by the collar, I had no opportunity of seeing him, he stood rather sideways, Coleman and I were face to face for some time, then Coleman obliged me to give him four guineas and an half more, and a ring that was in my pocket at the same time; I asked Coleman for the ring, I said, Coleman give me the ring, it was given to me yesterday, it was a mourning ring, he swore I should not have it; then the tall man, Curtis, asked for my watch, but he put his hand under the flap of my waistcoat, and drew it out; Coleman said this will do, damn my eyes, come along, then they went across the field.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Did you know either of these men before the time of the robbery? - No; I had a very great opportunity of seeing Coleman.</p>
<p>Have you told us the expressions you made use of? - Yes; I never saw the prisoners before to my knowledge.</p>
<p>How came you to say Coleman give me the ring? - I meant from hearing his name since; I never saw either of them before.</p>
<p>Your expression was, Coleman give me the ring, you was mistaken in the expression? - I was.</p>
<p>What sort of light was it? - I believe the sun had not been out, it was rather a dull cloudy day; it was near four.</p>
<p>Was it dusk, or full day light? - It rather began to decline; I kept them there as long as I could, before I parted with the money, thinking I might see somebody; I cannot speak exactly to the time.</p>
<p>They were quite strange to you? - They were, or I should have spoke of it at the office; Coleman had a laced hat on, I am certain of his person, the other I do not know, it was about his size, I cannot positively swear to the face; I was very little alarmed at the time.</p>
<p>Did either present any weapon? - The tall one had a pistol; I observed he held it up with his hand under the right flap of his coat; the short one did not, the other did, I took it to be such by the brightness of the barrel; he held it out to me.</p>
<p>Did not the sight of the pistol alarm you? - It had some little effect upon me.</p>
<p>How long afterwards was it before you saw either of the prisoners? - It was better than a fortnight; it was the Monday before Christmas day they were taken, near three weeks.</p>
<p>Could you in three minutes seeing him,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090029"/> and never saw him for three weeks after, know him so as to swear to him? - Yes; I can speak positively to Coleman.</p>
<p>When did you first see them? - They were not taken up on my account; I first saw them at Bow-street, I believe it was the Wednesday after Christmas day, I had a note from the office to attend; they were both there, I saw them in the public office with several more, they were all intermixed, I pointed out the short one myself, I knew him immediately.</p>
<p>You lost a watch and mourning ring? - Yes; the ring was found at a pawnbroker's in Wardour-street, the next morning after it was taken from me, by a person going about with hand-bills; one of the officers came and told me; I went to Wardour-street, and saw the ring at the pawnbroker's.</p>
<p>What is the pawnbroker's name? - Payne.</p>
<p>What sort of ring? - A white enamel'd ring; it was given me by Mr. Haldiman, in St. Mary Axe, it was his daughter's, a child of eight years of age, her name and age were engraved on the ring, I attended to teach music there; the ring was too small for me, I was not measured for it; I had notice of it, and did not put it on, but put it in my pocket, the ring I found at the pawnbroker's was the same; I was present at the office when the prisoners were examined; the tall man was asked how he came by it, the ring was pawned in the name of
<persName id="t17820109-21-person266"> Francis Curtis
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person266" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person266" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he pawned it.</p>
<p>Did he say anything respecting the charge? He said he had bought it of a soldier.</p>
<p>Did Coleman say any thing? - Not that I heard; the tall one held a pistol out, I put my hand round to put it from me.</p>
<p>The robbery was between Kentish-Town and Pancras, in the common footway, both in soldiers cloaths, no other person near us at the time of passing; I followed them across the other road.</p>
<p>What induces you to think it was him, except the general knowledge of Coleman, was there any thing remarkable in his face? He had a remarkable face; westood face to face some time; at first I was not much frighttened, a little I was, but more afterwards.</p>
<p>Had you no intimation from any person in the office that he was the man? - No.</p>
<p>You can swear at three weeks distance that was the man? - I am quite positive as to Coleman; I am not sure of the other.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person267"> JAMES BOYD
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person267" type="surname" value="BOYD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person267" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am seventeen years of age, I am apprentice to Mr. Payne the pawnbroker, I come to speak about the ring.</p>
<p>Produce it? - (be produces it.) - Curtis pledged it for 9 s. on the evening of the 6th of December last, as near as I can guess, about eight o'clock, he pawned it in the name of
<persName id="t17820109-21-person268"> Francis Curtis
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person268" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person268" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he was dressed very genteely in a white coat spotted with green, and a green shag waistcoat, and his hair powdered very much.</p>
<p>He was not in regimentals then? - No; I had seen him once before, he brought a watch about a fortnight before, and came in a few days and sold it to a hair-dresser; I knew him when he came again with the ring, he was not with me above five minutes when he pawned the ring.</p>
<p>Was the shop light or dark? - Three candles in it; we are forced to keep a good light, to see the things.</p>
<p>The people that come there stand in a bad light? - We put the light in front; we can see them distinctly, nobody else; when he came, we asked him where he lived, he said in the same street.</p>
<p>Did you ask no farther questions? - No, my Lord.</p>
<p>Do you make a practice of receiving things, and only ask their names? - He appeared to be a gentleman; we enquired where he lived; if strangers come, we are satisfied with asking their names, and where they live; there was a hand-bill the next morning, we went down to Bow-street to let them know we had the ring.</p>
<p>Can you swear with certainty Curtis pawned the ring? - I can; it might be a week after that I saw him at the public office in Bow-street.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090030"/>Was it not three weeks? - I cannot be sure; it was some time after, I had been at the office four or times about it.</p>
<p>Was any body with Curtis when he came and pawned the ring? - No.</p>
<p>To Duncombe. How long had you this ring before you lost it? - The day before; for the family was out of town, they went to Brighthelmstone or Margate.</p>
<p>Court. The ring is dated August? - It is.</p>
<p>Do you know the ring, look at it? - This is the ring; I don't suppose a gentleman of Mr. Haldiman's sort would pawn such a ring; I know it to be mine, by the name, and the ring not fitting.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Are there not ten thousand rings that will not fit you like that? - I cannot be positive, but there may be more rings like it.</p>
<p>You would not be so certain, if you found it, or seen it on the finger of a gentleman, or any other situation than you saw it after you lost it? - Not if I saw it on any gentleman's finger; I should suppose the same gentleman had sent him one; it was about four o'clock.</p>
<p>Is it not in general dark at that time of year at that hour? - It was not dark; I saw Coleman's face perfectly well.</p>
<p>To the pawnbroker's apprentice. There are boxes in your shop? - Yes.</p>
<p>Are the candles removable? - Yes; we always put the candle so as to see them; we did I remember then, because I saw him perfectly well.</p>
<p>There was no shade on his face? - No.</p>
<p>You saw him perfectly well? - I did.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person269"> WILLIAM WILCOX
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person269" type="surname" value="WILCOX"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person269" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a serjeant in the Coldstream regiment of guards; on Monday the 24th of December, between ten and eleven, a pawnbroker came to me, and informed me there was a soldier of the name of Curtis, pawn'd a ring; he lives in Pettyfrance; I made enquiry immediately, and found Curtis on guard; I acquainted the colonel of the guard of it, he bid me take him, I took him to the office in Bow-street; he does not belong to our regiment, this is upon another indictment I believe.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person270"> DAVID PROTHERO
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person270" type="surname" value="PROTHERO"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person270" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the pawnbroker describing Curtis pawning the ring, in the whitish coat and green waistcoat, I asked Curtis where he lodged, he told me at the Three Jolly Gardners, the bottom of Strutton's ground; I did not apprehend him, Haliburton brought him, I went down to his lodgings with Mr. Clark, I asked the landlady where he was; the door was locked, I told her I must see what was in his room, I found there a blue coat Coleman has on now, a white coat and a green waistcoat; she said Curtis lodged there, there was only one bed in the room; I found nothing but the cloaths that was connected with this robbery, I brought them, and desired each man to put on his own cloaths; Curtis claimed the white coat and green waistcoat, and
<persName id="t17820109-21-person271"> Coleman
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person271" type="given" value="Coleman"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the blue coat, Curtis had the coat and waistcoat on at the time he was brought up, the pawnbroker saw him in them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person272"> WILLIAM HALLIBURTON
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person272" type="surname" value="HALLIBURTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person272" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know nothing of this matter, only apprehending them.</p>
<p>CURTIS's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I leave it to the Council.</p>
<p>COLEMAN's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>On the 4th of December I came off guard, I had a pain in my teeth, I could hardly speak all the next day, and I went home, and was never out on the 6th at all.</p>
<p>For the prisoners.</p>
<p>- BROWN sworn.</p>
<p>I am a serjeant in the third regiment of guards; they belong to our regiment, Curtis was on guard the 4th of December, on the 6th he was not on duty; I don't know where he was on the 6th, we don't know where they are when off duty; their characters, as soldiers, are very good; I do not speak of their characters, but as soldiers, they both belong to General
<persName id="t17820109-21-person273"> Ogilvie
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person273" type="given" value="Ogilvie"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person273" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 's corps, to which I belong.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person274"> Sarah Hemmet
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person274" type="surname" value="Hemmet"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person274" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know Coleman.</p>
<p>Where was he on the 6th of December? Upon my word I really can't tell on the 6th.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090031"/>Do you know where he was on the 15th? - No; I don't recollect where he was; the 6th he lodged at my house.</p>
<p>Somerset, another Serjeant. I know nothing of where he was on the 6th of December.</p>
<p>CURTIS,
<rs id="t17820109-21-verdict109" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-verdict109" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>COLEMAN,
<rs id="t17820109-21-verdict110" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-verdict110" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>A second indictment against CURTIS, and COLEMAN, for
<rs id="t17820109-21-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17820109-21-victim276" type="victimName"> Arnold Jolly
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim276" type="surname" value="Jolly"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim276" type="given" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , upon the King's highway, on the
<rs id="t17820109-21-cd112" type="crimeDate">23d of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-cd112"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-cd112"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-cd112"/>, and putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person, one silver watch, value 21 s. and 9 s. and 6 d. in money, his property </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person277"> ARNOLD JOLLY
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person277" type="surname" value="JOLLY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person277" type="given" value="ARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 23d of December, Sunday, I was melancholy about losing my hearing, I thought I would take a turn round Highgate, I went to
<placeName id="t17820109-21-crimeloc113">the Adam and Eve, at Pancras</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc113" type="placeName" value="the Adam and Eve, at Pancras"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc113" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-crimeloc113"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-crimeloc113"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-crimeloc113"/>, and went on the Causeway that goes to
<placeName id="t17820109-21-crimeloc114">Kentish-town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc114" type="placeName" value="Kentish-town"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc114" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-crimeloc114"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-crimeloc114"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-crimeloc114"/>, there was a wooden bridge, I saw no body behind me, I can hear nothing behind me, that was about a quarter after one; these two men came to me, I said to one, if you want any thing with me you must speak very loud, he said, God damn your blood, can you hear that; I said, yes, I hear that too quick; he laid hold of me by the breast, kicked up my heels, and said, damn you, deliver your watch or I will rip up your guts; so he took my watch out of my fob; he took my watch, and put it in his waistcoat pocket; he tore the button-hole of my pocket, and took the money out, all I had, the other man stood about a hundred yards from him.</p>
<p>How long was he with you? - I believe about seven or eight minutes; the other man stood on the causeway, but went off after he had robbed me.</p>
<p>Do you know either of the men? - Oh! that is the man that robbed me, Curtis, I had him full front of my face as I lay upon my back; I never saw him before, I don't know the other man; I saw
<persName id="t17820109-21-person278"> Curtis
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person278" type="given" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the next morning, at Bow-street, in a soldier's dress, a man came on the Monday morning, and told me he had got the man that robbed me, and the watch; the justice asked, if that was my watch; there was a parcel of soldiers there; he said, look about, and see which robbed you; I looked three times to be certain; and I said, if any man robbed me it is that man; then a door opened, and his cloaths that he robbed me in were put on, and the soldiers cloaths taken off; it was a light coat, and had something like diamonds on it, and a green bear-skin waistcoat, a rough thing.</p>
<p>Did you know those cloaths again? - Oh, yes; I could swear to them, when he put them on, said I, that is the man that robbed me.</p>
<p>Whether you are very certain Curtis is the man that robbed you? - Yes; I will swear to him.</p>
<p>Was you as sure it was him in soldier's cloaths? - Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner Curtis. I was ten minutes before him in the office, he could not distinguish me till they put on my light coloured cloaths; ask him that?</p>
<p>Curtis said, you did not know him before they put on the light coloured cloaths? - I told the Justice I did.</p>
<p>Whether you was not intimidated while on the ground, so as not to be able to distinguish his cloaths? - I lay as composed as could be, on the top of my back, and let him take my watch and money as quiet as could be.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person279"> ROBERT MINNS
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person279" type="surname" value="MINNS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person279" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker, on the 24th of December, a quarter past eight,
<persName id="t17820109-21-person280"> Francis Curtis
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person280" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person280" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to my shop, offered me a watch, and wanted a guinea and a half on it; I brought him one guinea, he refused it, and went out, came in again, and took the guinea; soon after, at a quarter before nine, an officer came to tell me to stop the watch, I told him I had taken it, I had seen this man about four times in my shop before; I went to the place where I believe
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090032"/> he lodged, there I learned he was a soldier, but gone from there; he was dressed the same I ever saw him in, a light coloured coat, with small spots; in the street one day, I saw him have a green one; I don't know what it was that day he had on, I am certain of his person. (He produces the watch). This is the watch pawned by Curtis. The prosecutor looks at the watch and deposes it was his property. I will swear to the watch, it has my own name to it.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination of the Pawnbroker.</p>
<p>Sometimes things are pawned in their own names, sometimes not, he pawned this in the name of Curtis; I knew him, and he was conscious for aught I know, no doubt he knew that, he said to me, if I had came clandestinely by the watch, you may be certain I would not have pawned it in my own name, where I was known.</p>
<p>Court to Jolly. What trade are you of? - A watch gilder.</p>
<p>Are you a watchmaker? - If any body bespeaks a watch, I make it up; the watch has my name to it, as the maker's.</p>
<p>Is there any other mark but your own name; - No.</p>
<p>Have not you put your name to several other watches? - I don't know that I have; I have made several others twenty years ago.</p>
<p>What does 1202 mean? - Sometimes they put one number, sometimes another; ++ 1012, I think is the number to the best of my knowledge of the watch, I wore myself.</p>
<p>Did you know that before you lost it? - Yes.</p>
<p>Would you know the watch you lost from any other with your name to it? - Yes; if you would let me look at it, by the top case, and name, and number, the top case is almost wore off the thread of it.</p>
<p>Do you remember any thing particular about the spring that you open the watch by? - The button is very much wore, and I knew that before I lost it. Upon my oath I knew that before I lost it.</p>
<p>Did not you know it before you lost your watch? - I did.</p>
<p>Mr. Prothero. This old gentleman said one of the men had robbed him; I found nothing but the cloaths; at the office there were three or four serjeants, the prosecutor was desired to look round, and see if he knew any one; he looked for a considerable time, and said, if it is any man here, it is (Curtis); he was desired to touch the man that he knew, and he did touch him; he did not say Curtis, for he did not know his name; he then saw the cloaths on my arm, he snatched hold of the coat, and said, this is the coat the man had on that robbed me; he was desired to pull off his regimentals, and put that coat and waistcoat on; when he had done that, the old gentleman went up to him, and took him by the coat, and said, this is the man, I am positive.</p>
<p>He expressed a doubt before the cloathes were put on? - He said, if it is any amongst the persons in the room it was him; he went and laid hold of him by the coat, and said, this is the man, I am certain, as soon as he put the coat on.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person281"> WILLIAM HALLIBURTON
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person281" type="surname" value="HALLIBURTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person281" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was sent for on the 24th of December, about a watch that was taken on the highway by two men; I found it at a watchmaker's in Pettyfrance, at Mr. Wilcox's, he helped us to the two prisoners.</p>
<p>Mr. Prothero. I found nothing on Coleman.</p>
<p>- Wilcox. I am a serjeant in the guards; on the 24th of December, the pawnbroker and Mr. Halliburton came to me on the parade in St. James's Park, and told me a watch had been pawned by Curtis, and I made enquiry, and we took him on guard; he told me Coleman was with him when he pawned the watch, I sent one of the officers to fetch him, which he did; Curtis told me he had found the watch behind some ruins, the bottom of Tothill-street, about four o'clock in the afternoon, and Coleman was with him.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>He says he was robbed at a quarter past one, and he was detained eight minutes by me, which made it near twenty-five minutes; after we came from inspection, a little after ten, I stopped at the Three Tuns
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090033"/> and had some beer, then I went home to my lodgings, and pulled off my coat, and put my necessaries by; we had had an inspection; I and the rest of my comrades drank six or seven pots of beer; I left the house about ten minutes before one, I was going over to the Borough along with this man, but we did not go, as I met a friend at the bottom of Tothill-street, and went and had a pint of beer with him, that detained me till about five or six minutes past one; I then went to Westminster Bridge, we were to come home and dine with the landlady, she asked us to dinner, we said, if we go to the Borough, we shall be late to dinner; we returned about six or seven minutes before two, and had dinner and a little beer; at the bottom of Tothill-street, there were some ruins and buildings there, I went on one side to ease myself, and saw the watch lying upon the ground, I said I had found a watch, I came back to her house, and did not go to to the Borough, but staid there the remainder of the day; the next day, as I had no money, I went to pawn the watch; the pawnbroker knew me very well, I told him I wanted a guinea and a half upon the watch, he said he would lend but one guinea; as I was late for guard, I came back and desired to have a guinea upon it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person282"> HENRY SOMERSET
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person282" type="surname" value="SOMERSET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person282" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a corporal in the guards; I know Curtis very well, I cannot say where he was before two, but I saw him five minutes before twelve at the Three Jolly Gardners; he bears a very good character in the regiment.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person283"> SARAH HEMMET
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person283" type="surname" value="HEMMET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person283" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person283" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner Curtis; he was at my house till within a minute of twelve, I saw him again about two, he was at my house about five minutes before two, my clock goes by the Abbey, within a minute; they both lodged at my house, and always behaved well, and were honest sober men.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>How came you to remember the time he came home that day? - I had a ham and fillet of veal, and more friends to dine with me; I said, what made you stay so late; I particularly remember the hour of dining, we generally dine about half past one; when they came in, I remember I said it wanted but five minutes of two, and you were to be at home at half past one.</p>
<p>How long was it before they were taken up? - On the Monday morning, a gentleman came to search my house.</p>
<p>Mr. Prothero deposed, she told him they came home within five minutes of two, or under, and that they both came home in a coach.</p>
<p>What distance is this place from Pancrass, where the robbery was committed, to Tothill fields? - About two miles, or two miles and an half, it cannot exceed that.</p>
<p>To Mrs. Hemmet. Did they come home in a coach that day? - They said they did; I did not see it.</p>
<p>(As neither Prothero nor Hemmet could remember what sort of a day it was, the Court asked the question of Mr. Arnold, who said it was a very fair day, but the sun was not out.)</p>
<p>- Parsons, a hair-dresser, deposed, he had known Curtis several years, that Curtis had worked for him as a journeyman, and was very honest.</p>
<p>Mrs. Parsons deposed, she had known him for eighteen y ears, had known him from a child, that he was very honest, and had never heard any imputation upon his character; that he always behaved well.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person284"> CURTIS
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person284" type="given" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17820109-21-verdict115" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-verdict115" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17820109-21-punish116" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-punish116" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-defend259 t17820109-21-punish116"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person285"> COLEMAN
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person285" type="given" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17820109-21-verdict117" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-verdict117" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person286"> FRANCIS CURTIS
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person286" type="surname" value="CURTIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person286" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-21-person287"> JOHN COLEMAN
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person287" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person287" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted on another indictment for
<rs id="t17820109-21-off118" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-off118" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> making an assault on
<persName id="t17820109-21-victim289" type="victimName"> William Myers
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim289" type="surname" value="Myers"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim289" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-victim289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , upon the King's high way, on the
<rs id="t17820109-21-cd119" type="crimeDate">13th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-cd119"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-cd119"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-cd119"/> last, and taking from his person a silver watch, value 31 s. one steel chain, value 6 d. a key, value 1 d. and 8 s. in money numbered, the goods and monies of the said
<persName id="t17820109-21-person290"> William Myers
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person290" type="surname" value="Myers"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person290" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person291"> WILLIAM MYERS
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person291" type="surname" value="MYERS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person291" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was robbed on the 13th of December
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090034"/> last, on the way from
<placeName id="t17820109-21-crimeloc120">Kentish Town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc120" type="placeName" value="Kentish Town"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc120" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-crimeloc120"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-crimeloc120"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-crimeloc120"/> to
<placeName id="t17820109-21-crimeloc121">Pancras</placeName>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc121" type="placeName" value="Pancras"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-crimeloc121" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off105 t17820109-21-crimeloc121"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off111 t17820109-21-crimeloc121"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-off118 t17820109-21-crimeloc121"/>, between eleven and twelve o'clock in the day; the tallest prisoner came up to me in a lightish coloured coat, he came over the ditch, where the two banks are, and stopped me, and pulled a knife out of his pocket, and demanded my money, and the other came and put his hand in my pocket, and took my money, he that stopt me took my watch; they were with me but a very little while, not above a minute and an half; this was in the middle of the day, and full light, they looked very hard at me, and I at them, when they robbed me; I saw them again on New Year's Day, not before, they were in the same cloaths in which they robbed me; the tall man had a light coloured coat and a green waistcoat, the other had a blue coat on, I knew them both at the office; when they had gone a few yards, they said if I had not stopt, they would have ripped me up; I swore to them at the public office, I am sure they are the persons, I have never heard of my watch since, I took particular notice of their faces; when they had robbed me, they set off towards London; this was between eleven and twelve, it was nearer twelve than eleven; I saw them run across to the Duke of Bedford's private road; I am very clear they were the same men.</p>
<p>The prisoners said nothing in their defence.</p>
<p>For the Prisoners.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person292"> SARAH HEMMET
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person292" type="surname" value="HEMMET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person292" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person292" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you know any thing of them on the 13th of December? - They came into my house, and had some sheeps hearts, they eat them broiled, and had a pot of beer and some bread and cheese; I think it must be be near or quite twelve, I will not pretend to say to a few minutes; they went on guard the next day, the 14th, and came home on the 15th.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-21-person293"> HENRY SOMERSET
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person293" type="surname" value="SOMERSET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person293" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-21-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 14th they were on guard, they belong to the same company I do; on the 13th they were at Mrs. Hemmet's, between eleven and twelve, and had two hearts broiled, I was present, it was near twelve before they went out of the house, I think I heard the clock strike before they went out, I cannot tell positively.</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17820109-21-verdict122" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-verdict122" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, (
<rs id="t17820109-21-punish123" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-21-punish123" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-defend259 t17820109-21-punish123"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-21-defend261 t17820109-21-punish123"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-22">
<interp inst="t17820109-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22" type="year" value="1782"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17820109"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22" type="date" value="17820109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17820109-22-off124-c238" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-22-defend295 t17820109-22-off124 t17820109-22-verdict126"/>
<p>99.
<persName id="t17820109-22-defend295" type="defendantName"> JOHN HEVEY
<interp inst="t17820109-22-defend295" type="surname" value="HEVEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-defend295" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-defend295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17820109-22-off124" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-22-off124" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-off124" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> that he, on the
<rs id="t17820109-22-cd125" type="crimeDate">26th of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-22-off124 t17820109-22-cd125"/> last, feloniously did forge a certain indorsement, on the back of a bill of exchange </rs>, which was set forth as follows:</p>
<p>BATH BANK, Nov. 19th, 1781.</p>
<p>No. 59. 30.</p>
<p>Thirty-one days after sight pay Mr.
<persName id="t17820109-22-person296"> BARNARD Mc
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person296" type="surname" value="Mc"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person296" type="given" value="BARNARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . CARTY, or order, Thirty Pounds, value received.</p>
<p>For SMITH, MOORE, & Co. JER. CONNELL.</p>
<p>To RICHD. BEATTY & Co. London, No. 19, Gt. St. Helen's.</p>
<p>in the name of B. Mc. CARTY, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17820109-22-victim298" type="victimName"> WILLIAM MASTERS
<interp inst="t17820109-22-victim298" type="surname" value="MASTERS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-victim298" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-victim298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17820109-22-victim300" type="victimName"> EDWARD BEAUCHAMP
<interp inst="t17820109-22-victim300" type="surname" value="BEAUCHAMP"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-victim300" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-victim300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the form of the statute, &c.</p>
<p>2d Count. For uttering and publishing a forged indorsement, in the name of B. Mc. CARTY, with the like intent, against the statute, &c.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person301"> EDWARD BEAUCHAMP
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person301" type="surname" value="BEAUCHAMP"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person301" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>By means of this note mentioned in the indictment, there was a watch got into the possession of the prisoner at the bar? - He had a watch of me.</p>
<p>Where is it now? - I believe Mr. Kirby, the keeper of the Compter, has the watch in his possession; it was delivered into his possession at Guildhall, it was produced at the examination, it was taken from the prisoner; my watch is in possession of Mr. Kirby, Mr. Alderman Crichton desired him to take care of the whole property; I sold him the watch, he had 11 l. of me besides, in change for this 30 l. note.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090035"/>The prisoner's counsel objected to the evidence of Mr. Beauchamp, as being a person that had in contemplation, an interest to result from the proof of the felony, as the proof of the felony was in suspence.</p>
<p>The court were of opinion, Mr. Beauchamp was a competent witness, as he could be no more interested, than a person prosesecuting a thief for stealing his goods (whether there was a felony committed or not, must depend upon the evidence, ab initio) he is entitled by law to the property stolen, the moment the prisoner is convicted; therefore more strongly interested in the conviction than Mr. Beauchamp, in the present case; to incapacitate a person from being a witness, he must be immediately interested in the subject matter in dispute; supposing it to be a forgery, the person whose name is forged as an indorser, cannot be examined as a witness, to prove it is not his hand writing; if it was his hand writing, he would be charged with the payment of the money; therefore he is particularly interested, which is not the case, here it is a vague interest, and not the subject matter in consideration of the court.</p>
<p>You are in partnership with Mr. Masters? - Yes;
<persName id="t17820109-22-person302"> William Masters
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person302" type="surname" value="Masters"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person302" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I live at No. 47, Holborn bars.</p>
<p>When did you see the prisoner? - On the 26th of November; he came to our shop between twelve and one, at noon, and wanted to purchase a gold watch, I shewed him several, at last he fixed on one, the price was eighteen guineas, he asked me if it was a good watch, if I could answer for the going of it, I said it was, I would answer for the going of it; he pulled out his pocket-book, and said, I must take a Bath bank bill, at the same time presenting this note; I said, I don't like any paper but Bank of England notes; says he, I look upon this to be better than the Bank of England, and I would sooner take them, because there has been a number of forgeries committed on the Bank of England, and I don't look upon it to be safe to take the notes; but however you have no occasion to be afraid of it, it is a very good bill, and I have indorsed it; says I, sir, is your name M'Carty? Yes, sir, it is; pray, sir, says I, who is this
<persName id="t17820109-22-person303"> Richard Beaty
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person303" type="surname" value="Beaty"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person303" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and Co. acceptors; says he, that is the agent of the Bath bank, at No. 19, Great St. Helens; says I, I should like to know if the acceptance was good, as it was accepted; says he, by all means; accordingly I ordered one of my lads,
<persName id="t17820109-22-person304"> John Bartrum
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person304" type="surname" value="Bartrum"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person304" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to take it to Great St. Helens, and see if the acceptance is good; Hevey said, he would wait till he returned, says he, he cannot be gone long, not a quarter of an hour at most; I said it could not be half an hour, he waited; when he came back, he said, he had seen a person who looked like a clerk there, who said, it was a very good note, and would be paid when it become due; in consequence of that, I let him have the watch, and gave him 11 l. 2 s. in money; and likewise a bill of parcels and receipt in the name of M'Carty; he took the watch and away he went.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>What are you? - I am a pawnbroker; when this note was sent to the place where it was to be accepted, I had word brought back it was a good note.</p>
<p>Was any body present when the prisoner came into your shop? - No.</p>
<p>The accepter said, it was perfectly good, and would be paid when it became due? - I heard that from the servant. I looked all through it, I took it on the credit of the Bath bank, the acceptance; and the prisoner's appearance; I looked to the name of the acceptor, and gave credit to that, I knew nothing of Hevey before, no other conversation passed, he might be a swindler, or a substantial man; I trusted to the appearance of the note, and I relied upon the credit of the Bath bank; the order was signified by the indorsement; the first credit was to the bill itself; I was examined at Guildhall five or six times; I remember I said, the prisoner told me his name was M'Carty.</p>
<p>Did you accompany that with any other observation? - I said, that he told me his name was M'Carty, on two or three examinations.</p>
<p>When you sent this not to the place
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090036"/> where it was accepted, you had word brought it was good? - Yes.</p>
<p>Your examination was reduced into writing? - Yes.</p>
<p>Where has this note been from that time to the present? - I have been at Bath with it, and it never was out of my custody, but only during the time the boy was sent with it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person305"> JOHN BARTRUM
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person305" type="surname" value="BARTRUM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person305" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Beauchamp, I remember his giving me a note, I took it to No. 19, Great St. Helens, a young woman opened to door, I asked if Mr. Beaty was at home, I am not certain whether she said, yes; the young man was standing at the Compting-house door; says she, sir, you are wanted; he said, step this way, I went into the Compting-house with him; I asked him if it was a good note, he said, yes, the money would be paid as soon as the note was due; nothing farther passed between us; about two or three doors from our own, I met the gentleman that came to pass the note, he asked me if it was a good note, I said, yes; we both went back together to my master's; I delivered the note to my master, he asked me, if it was a good note, I told him yes, it was the same note.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>I saw the young woman first, I asked if her master was at home, she said yes, and called him.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Where was you while he was examing the note? - I was with him in the Compting-house, close by him all the time; I don't know the number of the note; I know I gave to him a note, and I believe it to be the same.</p>
<p>He might have changed it? - I cannot say he did not, I believe not, I cannot possibly say that was the note, he returned that I put into his hands, but I don't think he could change the note; I had my eyes on him all the time; I was as close to him as to this gentleman; sometimes a person is deceived with slight of hand, but I don't think he played that with me</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person306"> WILLIAM STRADDEN
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person306" type="surname" value="STRADDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person306" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> BLAKE sworn.</p>
<p>What are you? - I am an engraver.</p>
<p>Look at that note? - This is my engraving; I engraved it for the gentleman at the bar, Mr. Hevey; I did not know his name till he came in July last, and delivered his directions; I believe there were four or five hundred of these; there was two forms, some five guinea notes; he paid me for them; he said he lived in a street that came out of Portland place, I don't remember the name of it, I have lost the directions, my directions is marked on the note, as living in Abchurch-lane.</p>
<p>No Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person307"> THOMAS DUTTON
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person307" type="surname" value="DUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person307" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a sugar-broker, and dealer in rum and brandy, I live on St. Dunstan's-hill; I know the prisoner at the bar well; in November, 1779, he applied to me for some rums, I sold him two puncheons, when he bought them he said he would pay me ready money, if I sent in the goods he should pay it directly; on which I sent him in two puncheons of rum, I believe to the amount of 150 l; I sold him others to the amount of 200 l. and odd; he went then by the name of
<persName id="t17820109-22-person308"> John Hevey
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person308" type="surname" value="Hevey"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person308" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he lived then in Holborn, and kept a little grocer's shop, I have had letters from him signed
<persName id="t17820109-22-person309"> John Hevey
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person309" type="surname" value="Hevey"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person309" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person310"> RICHARD CADMAN EDGES
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person310" type="surname" value="CADMAN EDGES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person310" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I knew the prisoner the latter end of 1779, he passed then by the name of Hevey, I had dealings with him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person311"> JOHN HEATHER
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person311" type="surname" value="HEATHER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person311" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker, I should mention I live in Long-acre; he came to my house the 22d of November, he saw a gold watch, No. 4473, London, maker's name, Graham; he begged to look at it, he purchased a watch for 18 guineas, and produced a Bath bank bill, he signed his name
<persName id="t17820109-22-person312"> John Hevey
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person312" type="surname" value="Hevey"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person312" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in my shop, upon it; Mr. Heather produced the note.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>About this note there is an indorsement.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090037"/>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person313"> Barnard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person313" type="given" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty too? - There is.</p>
<p>(The bill was read, which agreed exactly with the indictment and the indorsement.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person314"> WILLIAM PAYNE
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person314" type="surname" value="PAYNE"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person314" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; I did not take him up, I was at the Mansion house when the prisoner was brought there before Mr. Alderman Pugh; I searched him, and found he had a handful of gold, which I gave him again, by order of the Alderman, I found a pocket-book and a great number of notes in it, bank notes in appearance, they have been opened by different magistrates, and sealed up again; he went by the name of Hevey, never by any other name. (Then he produced a number of notes, sealed up.</p>
<p>Court. Are they of the same kind with the rest?</p>
<p>Clerk of Arraigns. The same bank; here are a great number, and for different sums.</p>
<p>Court. Are they all indorsed? - Here are many B. M'Carty, and there are some blank ones; and here is a blank for a bill of exchange from Dublin, and their sums are different.</p>
<p>Court. There is one payable to Hevey himself, I see.</p>
<p>Clerk of Arraigns. Yes; there are some blanks of different forms, here is one with Scarborough on it.</p>
<p>Court. There are two payable to Hevey himself?</p>
<p>Mr. Silvester. There are many indorsed B. M'Carty.</p>
<p>Mr. Beauchamp. I first enquired of the real partner of the Bath Bank here in London, he said he believed there were no such people at Bath, and I was taken in; I went to Bath, the person at the house told me, that seeing the paragraphs in the paper, the man had disappeared, and they could not find him; I could find no such persons as Smith, Moore, and Co.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>The prisoner was apprehended long before this came due, and you put advertisements in the papers about it? - No; there were no advertisements, but paragraphs in the papers, that such a person was examined at Guildhall; I heard in consequence of that this person had decamped.</p>
<p>You never found such persons as Smith, Moore, and Co.? - No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person315"> JOHN DICKENSON
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person315" type="surname" value="DICKENSON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person315" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in St. Helens, I know a man of the name of Beatty, he was a clerk he told me, there was his name Beatty on the door, I took him up, he is in the Compter; he had a compting-house there, with the name of Beatty and Co. but he did not live there; I have seen Hevey come out there, I live close on the spot, my house commands the whole spot; he lived at Mr. Page's, Peahen Court, No. 12.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>Mr. Beauchamp makes it out, as if no other person was in the shop; there was during the time I was in the shop, that young boy there; he cannot say I declared my name was M'Carty; I declared my name was Hevey; I said I would indorse my name if there was any occasion for it, he said there was not, the bill was good without it.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person316"> Richard Beatty
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person316" type="surname" value="Beatty"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person316" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was called, but objected to being an evidence upon the trial, as he was committed prisoner upon the same affair, and desired to know if he was indicted, that if he was, he would not be a witness.</p>
<p>The Court informed him, he would not be obliged to answer any question that might tend to prove him guilty of any crime, that he was not bound to give evidence that might criminate himself, that if he was to accuse himself in Court, he might be indicted for it, and it was open for him.</p>
<p>The Council for the Prisoner told him, he would not ask him any questions that could possibly criminate him.</p>
<p>He then submitted to be examined.</p>
<p>You know the prisoner at the bar? - I do, very well.</p>
<p>You had a house in St. Helen's? - Yes, Sir.</p>
<p>Do you know such a person as M'Carty? I do.</p>
<p>Court. All this may be very material evidence to prove him guilty of a conspiracy.</p>
<p>Council for the Prosecution. It does; it may go farther, it may make him an accessary before the fact.</p>
<p>The Court said, it is necessary to tell you, if there is a bill preferred against you for a conspiracy, what you have now said already may certainly go to make against you upon that charge.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090038"/>Clerk of Arraigns. The bills are found.</p>
<p>Do you know M'Carty? - Yes; I know him.</p>
<p>Do you know M'Carty's hand-writing? I cannot possibly say; I have seen his hand writing I believe upon the back of the bills, I can say the hand-writing was equal upon every bill that I have passed through my hands, which I have accepted and paid; I have not seen him write an indorsement, therefore I cannot possibly say whether I know the hand-writing or not.</p>
<p>You have seen him write at other times? - I have had letters from him.</p>
<p>Did you ever see him write? - I cannot say I ever did.</p>
<p>Did you ever see him sign his name? - I cannot say that I ever did.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>You never saw him write? - I never did.</p>
<p>Do you know your own hand-writing? - I would not wish to say a word more, if your lordship pleases.</p>
<p>Is that your hand-writing? (shewing the acceptance) - I hope your lordship will not insist upon my answering any questions.</p>
<p>The Court said he need not answer it, if it tended to criminate him.</p>
<p>The Council then waved the question.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person317"> ELEANOR READING
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person317" type="surname" value="READING"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person317" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person317" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you know
<persName id="t17820109-22-person318"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person318" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty? - I do.</p>
<p>Do you know his writing? - I know his writing; I have seen him write very often.</p>
<p>Will you take upon you to swear to his hand-writing? - Yes; I believe I can.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>How does he sign his name? - Sometimes Bernard M'Carty, and sometimes B. M'Carty.</p>
<p>Where does he live? - In Dyot-street, St. Giles's.</p>
<p>Do you know whether M'Carty was or was not concerned in any transaction of any supposed bank of Bath? - I do believe that he was concerned; I have seen some of the notes, I never saw him indorse any, I am sure I can swear to his hand writing when I see it.</p>
<p>What house does he keep in Dyot-street? - He had several lodging houses there, seven or eight.</p>
<p>Houses let out in little lodgings? - Yes,</p>
<p>Let out in lodgings, at so much a night? - Yes.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - In the Haymarket? I have known Mr. M'Carty these five or six years, I have frequently seen his hand-writing; I don't follow any business at present, my husband is not in England, I am at present in lodgings, I am a relation of Mr. M'Carty's wife's.</p>
<p>Where is he now? - I really don't know.</p>
<p>You are sure his name is Bernard? - I am sure his name is Bernard.</p>
<p>And Berney? - And he has wrote his name Bernard, Berney, and B.</p>
<p>And perhaps Bryant? - Yes, Bryant and B. I have seen him write his name Bernard, and Berney, and B. M'Carty, and
<persName id="t17820109-22-person319"> Bryant
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person319" type="given" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I believe.</p>
<p>(Several indorsement were shewn the witness; the first and second she said were M'Carty's hand-writing; the first, she said, she was very confident of, but she could not say how Bryant came to be indorsed by him, and said, I don't say I was witness to his writing his name upon any of those bills; said she had frequently known him to vary.)</p>
<p>In Ireland it is no uncommon thing to pass by either of those four names? - Not in the least.</p>
<p>(The bill in question shewn to her.) Is that his hand-writing? That also is his writing.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination upon it. This is very different from the others, look at it again? He is a man that is very often in liquor, and may write different sometimes; I cannot be so positive that is his hand writing, as the other two, (She spoke of the indorsement in question).</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person320"> JAMES BARKER
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person320" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person320" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Deposed he lived in Cross-lane, Long-acre, that he had been in His Majesty's service, and was a pensioner from accidents in serving last war; that he was a publican; had seen M'Carty write four months ago; that M'Carty lived in Dyot-street, and kept lodging-houses there; that he spelt his name
<persName id="t17820109-22-person321"> BARNEY
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person321" type="given" value="BARNEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'CARTY; he used to write Berney always, he never saw him write Bryant to his knowledge.</p>
<p>(A paper with the name signed Bryant shewn him). He said he believed that was his hand writing.</p>
<p>(A second paper shewn him). Said, I think this also is like his writing; it has
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090039"/> a resemblance in it, but there is a great difference, I could not swear to this.</p>
<p>(The note in question shewn him). Do you believe that to be his hand writing? - I cannot say exactly; but I believe it to the best of my opinion, it resembles his hand writing; I see all three are different from the stroke of the letters, there is a resemblance, I don't swear to any thing else.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person322"> BRIDGET
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person322" type="given" value="BRIDGET"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person322" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> M'CARTY sworn.</p>
<p>You are wife to Mr. M'Carty? - I am.</p>
<p>Was he or not concerned in a Bank at Bath? - Yes, sir; he was.</p>
<p>He is out of the way at present? - He is, sir.</p>
<p>She deposed, she believed all the notes that came due, were honoured, and punctually paid; she knows her husband's hand writing; that within six months past he has had instructions; that he used to get in liquor, and would sometimes write bad, and sometimes better, but he had improved.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>What is your husband's name? -
<persName id="t17820109-22-person323"> Bryant
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person323" type="given" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty.</p>
<p>Who is this master that gave him instructions? - I don't know his name; he had a master that is dead, I forget his name.</p>
<p>How did he sign his name? - Sometimes B. M'Carty, sometimes Bryant; I have not any letters by me of his, some he signed Bernard, some Berney, and some Bryant.</p>
<p>His name was Bryant you say, that is not Bernard? - Why, sir, you see, they call them differently in Ireland.</p>
<p>Court. Is Bryant and Bernard called the same in Ireland? - Yes, Sir; they esteem them the same.</p>
<p>Council. You know Mr. Garatti? - No, Sir; I cannot say I know him.</p>
<p>The man your husband was bound for, for a bastard child? - Oh, yes Sir; I did know him.</p>
<p>Council for Prisoner. Look at that indorsement, is that your husband's hand-writing? ( shewing her the bill in question) - I can safely swear that is my husband's hand-writing.</p>
<p>Council for Prosecution. Produce another, signed
<persName id="t17820109-22-person324"> Bryant
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person324" type="given" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty? - That I can safely swear to too.</p>
<p>( A third produced) And that you can safely swear to? - I can, Sir; I can safely swear they are all his hand-writing.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person325"> JOHN DOWLING
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person325" type="surname" value="DOWLING"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person325" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Deposed he lived in Dyot-street; that he knew M'Carty for 25 or 30 years, he had frequently seen him write formerly, but not these four or five years past; that he (the witness) keeps a public house, and went to Mr. M'Carty's house with beer; that Mrs. M'Carty shewed him a letter, and he thought it was not his hand-writing, it was so good; that she said he had improved vastly, that he had got into a very genteel line, and had endeavoured to improve himself as much as possible; he knew the prisoner Hevey was intimate with M'Carty; that sometimes Mr. M'Carty signed his name Bryant, and sometimes B.; Bryant was frequently the manner five or six years ago; he had observed him write Berney; that he was getting forward in the world, and had money in the stocks, and some lodging houses; that he knew the prisoner Hevey two or three years, that they all came from one part of Ireland, that he lodged at M'Carty's for some time, and was privy to his business in buying feather beds and blankets, and furniture for the lodging houses; that he used to deal in coals, wholesale and retail, and upon account of getting into genteeler company, he endeavoured to improve in writing; that he had known him lay out 40 or 50 l. at a time.</p>
<p>What, for blankets for lodgings at 2 d. a night? - If they are so, the fixtures and things for them is not to be had for 2 d.</p>
<p>He did not recollect M'Carty's being in the King's bench prison; the letter produced by the wife was all the knowledge he had, that he was at Bath about a month or six weeks ago.</p>
<p>The three different signatures are shewn to the witness; he deposed, that he delivered them to be his hand writing, but would not be positive.</p>
<p>This witness was asked if he could write, he said a little; he was then desired to write his name, which he did, in a very good hand.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person326"> JOHN MOREN
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person326" type="surname" value="MOREN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person326" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Deposed he had known M'Carty nine years, by the name of Bernard and
<persName id="t17820109-22-person327"> Bryant
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person327" type="given" value="Bryant"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person327" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty; that he lived in Dyot-street, St. Giles's; he had seen him write, the witness lived next door to him; that he heard he was concerned in a banking house at Bath; don't know his writing.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178201090040"/>
<persName id="t17820109-22-person328"> EDWARD SMITH
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person328" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person328" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> FOSTER sworn.</p>
<p>(Called by the counsel for the crown, to prove the papers produced and signed M'Carty, were found in the prisoner Hevey's possession, that one was dated, September 1781).</p>
<p>Where did you find those papers? - I found this paper at the bottom of Mr. Hevey's trunk.</p>
<p>Court. You are going to disprove his hand writing by a similitude of hands, which you cannot do, it is not a proper proof.</p>
<p>Mr. Robinson called. Deposed he had seen M'Carty write once, to a bond of indemnito to the parish, in the year 1774. The bond shewn the witness, signed at that time, was objected to.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Ashhurst stated, there were two questions proper for the consideration of the jury; the first, was, whether they believed it to be the indorsement of any person of the name of
<persName id="t17820109-22-person329"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person329" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty; if it was not, there could be no doubt it was a forgery. If there was no such person in existence, or that it was not really his hand writing; but supposing they should be of opinion, there was such a man existing as
<persName id="t17820109-22-person330"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person330" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person330" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty, and that it was his hand writing; there still might be another question, proper for their consideration, (and that was upon a point, which he believed had never been precisely determined by any judicial determination). Whether, if a person produces the real signature of a person existing, purporting to be the indorsement of such person, and says, I am that
<persName id="t17820109-22-person331"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person331" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty, or that man (whoever he is) that indorsed the note, that in fact is not the man; it shall, or not, amount in point of law to a forgery; and said, if the jury found their verdict upon the latter ground, he would take care the matter should undergo a discussion, before the twelve judges, who would settle the point of law. The law in general was thus, If a person tended any instrument to another, with intent to procure money or goods, and indorsed it himself by another person's name, in the presence of the person to whom it is tendered, that would certainly be in point of law, a forgery; that he believed had already been determined; but that was not the case here, the prisoner did not sign the name
<persName id="t17820109-22-person332"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person332" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty, in their presence, but only said, I am that
<persName id="t17820109-22-person333"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person333" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person333" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty, whose signature it is.</p>
<p>The Prisoner then said, I declare before the Almighty God, I wish I may be the greatest example that ever went to the gallows, if ever I signed the name of
<persName id="t17820109-22-person334"> Bernard
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person334" type="given" value="Bernard"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-22-person334" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'Carty; I am innocent as the child that never was born; and that the Almighty may make an example of me before the world, if ever I did it; I have a wife and three young children, the eldest not above three years old, and the youngest not above a few months; I have no provision for them but my liberty; and also, my lord, that I may be an example if ever I indorsed it, or said my name was M'Carty; the witness said the bill was good; there was another person present when I offered to indorse the bill, and he has it unindorsed by me, and I hope, gentlemen, you will consider it.</p>
<p>Jury to Mr. Beauchamp. Whether at the time the prisoner offered the bill, the servant was in the shop? And whether the prisoner offered to indorse the bill?</p>
<p>Court. Was the servant in the shop at the time the bill was offered to you? -</p>
<p>Mr. Beauchamp. Yes; but he was employed at the farther end of the shop, upon other business.</p>
<p>Did or did not the prisoner, at the time, offer to indorse it? - No, sir; he said he had indorsed it, and that was his name.</p>
<p>He did not say he would indorse it, but he had indorsed it? - He had indorsed it, he said.</p>
<p>Jury. How came he to go out of your shop, before the boy returned? - He was gone a long while, I had the watch; he was in and out of the shop, and waited; I had the watch and money too, till the boy came back.</p>
<p>The Jury then withdrew, and returned in a short time, and brought in their Verdict,
<rs id="t17820109-22-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-22-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>, as passing himself for M'Carty.</p>
<p>Court. You believe the hand writing to be the indorsement of M'Carty, but that he passed himself for M'Carty, as the indorser? - Yes.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17820109-23">
<interp inst="t17820109-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23" type="year" value="1782"/>
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<p>100, 101, 102, and 103.
<persName id="t17820109-23-defend336" type="defendantName"> JOHN MORGAN
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend336" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend336" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-23-defend338" type="defendantName"> THOMAS CORN
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend338" type="surname" value="CORN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend338" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17820109-23-defend340" type="defendantName"> JOHN ACTON
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend340" type="surname" value="ACTON"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend340" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17820109-23-defend342" type="defendantName"> ABRAHAM CLARK
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend342" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend342" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-defend342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for
<rs id="t17820109-23-off127" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17820109-23-off127" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-off127" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> that they, on the
<rs id="t17820109-23-cd128" type="crimeDate">19th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17820109-23-off127 t17820109-23-cd128"/> last, one piece of copper money, of this country, called a Halfpenny, did feloniously make, coin, and counterfeit, against the statute, &c. And the said
<persName id="t17820109-23-person343"> ABRAHAM CLARK
<interp inst="t17820109-23-person343" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-person343" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> also stands indicted for abetting, aiding, assisting, and procuring the said
<persName id="t17820109-23-person344"> JOHN MORGAN
<interp inst="t17820109-23-person344" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-person344" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17820109-23-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
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<interp inst="t17820109-23-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , &
<persName id="t17820109-23-person346"> JOHN ACTON
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