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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 30th of May, 1781, and the following Days;
<p>Being the FIFTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble. Sir
<persName id="f17810530-1-person1"> WATKIN LEWES
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person1" type="surname" value="LEWES"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person1" type="given" value="WATKIN"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt.
<persName id="f17810530-1-person2"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<p>TAKEN IN SHORT-HAND BY
<persName id="f17810530-1-person3"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person3" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>NUMBER V. PART I.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Printed for
<persName id="f17810530-1-person4"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person4" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person4" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar.</p>
<p>MDCCLXXXI.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17810530-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> WATKIN LEWES
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person5" type="surname" value="LEWES"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person5" type="given" value="WATKIN"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt.
<persName id="f17810530-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person6" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person6" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the City of London; The Hon.
<persName id="f17810530-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> EDWARD WILLES
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person7" type="surname" value="WILLES"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person7" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; The Hon. Sir
<persName id="f17810530-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> RICHARD PERRYN
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person8" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person8" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer;
<persName id="f17810530-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES ADAIR
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person9" type="surname" value="ADAIR"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person9" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Serjeant at Law, Recorder; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Barnet Bailey
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person10" type="surname" value="Bailey"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person10" type="given" value="Barnet"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person11" type="jurorName"> William Sharpe
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person11" type="surname" value="Sharpe"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person11" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person12" type="jurorName"> John Oram
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person12" type="surname" value="Oram"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person12" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Francis Dorrell
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person13" type="surname" value="Dorrell"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person13" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Richard Burch
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person14" type="surname" value="Burch"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person14" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Noah Roberts
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person15" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person15" type="given" value="Noah"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Parker Carrier
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person16" type="surname" value="Carrier"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person16" type="given" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Butcher
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person17" type="surname" value="Butcher"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Edward Olds
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person18" type="surname" value="Olds"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person18" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Thomas Smith
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person19" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person19" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person20" type="jurorName"> William Layton
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person20" type="surname" value="Layton"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person20" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas King
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person21" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Thompson</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Thomas Vardy
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person22" type="surname" value="Vardy"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person22" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person23" type="jurorName"> John Stone
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person23" type="surname" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person23" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Robert Willerton
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person24" type="surname" value="Willerton"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person24" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person25" type="jurorName"> George Martin
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person25" type="surname" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person25" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William Dickens
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person26" type="surname" value="Dickens"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person27" type="jurorName"> William Clarke
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person27" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person27" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Cook
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person28" type="surname" value="Cook"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person29" type="jurorName"> John Pickering
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person29" type="surname" value="Pickering"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person29" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person30" type="jurorName"> James Morris
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person30" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person30" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person31" type="jurorName"> William Barlow
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person31" type="surname" value="Barlow"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person31" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Ralph Walker
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person32" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person32" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Joseph Leger
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person33" type="surname" value="Leger"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person33" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Francis Jones
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person34" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person34" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person35" type="jurorName"> James Hird
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person35" type="surname" value="Hird"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person35" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Jonathan Bethell
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person36" type="surname" value="Bethell"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person36" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Cook
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person37" type="surname" value="Cook"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person37" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person38" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Wortley
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person38" type="surname" value="Wortley"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person38" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person39" type="jurorName"> John Eldridge
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person39" type="surname" value="Eldridge"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person39" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person40" type="jurorName"> Thomas Warr
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person40" type="surname" value="Warr"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person40" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person41" type="jurorName"> James Godin
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person41" type="surname" value="Godin"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person41" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Robert Faulder
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person42" type="surname" value="Faulder"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person42" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Anthony Iseton
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person43" type="surname" value="Iseton"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person43" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person44" type="jurorName"> Thomas Skeggs
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person44" type="surname" value="Skeggs"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person44" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17810530-1-person45" type="jurorName"> John Smith
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person45" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person45" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17810530-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p> </div1>
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<p>284.
<persName id="t17810530-1-defend46" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH, the
<rs id="t17810530-1-deflabel1" type="occupation">wife</rs>
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<persName id="t17810530-1-person47" type="defendantName"> Thomas HARRIS
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<interp inst="t17810530-1-defend46" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-1-defend46" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-1-off2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-1-off2" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> the wilful murder of her new-born male child </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-1-cd3" type="crimeDate">May the 14th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-1-off2 t17810530-1-cd3"/>. She likewise stood charged on the Coroner's inquisition, with the like murder.</p>
<p>- MACDONALD sworn.</p>
<p>I am Lady Carysford's maid. The prisoner was
<rs id="t17810530-1-deflabel4" type="occupation">nurse</rs>
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-1-person47 t17810530-1-deflabel4"/> at Lord Carysford's house. She nursed a child there: the child she nursed will be two years old next month; she had been from its birth in the family.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300003"/>Is she a married woman? - Yes: her husband is a servant in another family.</p>
<p>Relate all you know of this unfortunate matter. - I went into her room on the 14th of May, about noon. The prisoner was sitting on the bed-side, and I observed blood upon the floor near where she was sitting. I asked her</p>
<p>"what was the matter?" she said, she was ill, but did not tell me the cause of her illness. I left the room immediately, and went and told my Lady. There were, I think, two of my Lady's children with her; the one that she nursed, and another three years and an half old.</p>
<p>How long before that had you seen the prisoner? - I had seen her in her room that morning, some hours before: she then complained of a pain in her head. My Lady came down stairs with me; my Lady asked her</p>
<p>"how she did?"</p>
<p>Relate the questions Lady Carysford asked, and the answers given by the prisoner. - I don't think I heard her answers. My Lady came out of her room into the next room with me, to speak to me; I told my Lady what I suspected; then my Lady returned into the room; I heard my Lady tell her</p>
<p>"she was ashamed of her;" the prisoner asked for what? my Lady said,</p>
<p>"for having been with child."</p>
<p>Had it been known or suspected in the family before, that this young woman was with child? - Yes; it had been suspected some time by the servants, but nobody had ever told my Lady of it. She said, she had not been with child, as she knew of. My Lady ordered me to go down stairs, and send for a midwife; I went down, and told the man to fetch the first midwife he could meet with. My Lady went down stairs, and I went up and sat in the room with her till the midwife came; I don't recollect that any conversation passed between us. Some time after the midwife came (her name is
<persName id="t17810530-1-person48"> Sarah Tuffnell
<interp inst="t17810530-1-person48" type="surname" value="Tuffnell"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-1-person48" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-1-person48" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ) she came up stairs, and asked the prisoner</p>
<p>"what was the matter?" I think the prisoner told the midwife, that she had miscarried; I am pretty sure she did say so. After some enquiries, the prisoner desired the midwife to look into a box, which was under a small bed in the room, opposite the bed she sat upon. That box was locked; I think the prisoner gave her the key, but I was in a great deal of confusion, and cannot exactly recollect: when the box was opened, I gave but one look into it, and saw a child; but I was so frightened that I don't know whether it was its back or face that I saw: the midwife mentioned a wound, and at that one look I gave, I saw a wound, but I did not make any particular observation upon it.</p>
<p>After the child was found, what did you hear the prisoner say? - The midwife asked her</p>
<p>"why she had cut its throat?" she cried very much, and said, she did not. The midwife asked her</p>
<p>"what she did with those ugly scissars, which the midwife said were in the box?" I did not see them in the box, but I saw them outside the box. The prisoner said, she made use of the scissars to disentangle the child.</p>
<p>Do you recollect the midwife making any reply to that? - I do not: she asked her for the after-burthen; the prisoner said it was in the box with the child. It was not there, for it was not come away at that time. I remember, in the course of the day, I asked her</p>
<p>"if she had prepared any baby-linen for the child?" she told me, I should find some in a drawer at the foot of her bed; I looked there, and did find some.</p>
<p>Were they the sort of things that are usually prepared for a new-born infant? - They were.</p>
<p>You said it had been suspected in the family for some time that she was with child? - Yes.</p>
<p>Had you known of that suspicion? - Yes.</p>
<p>Had you, or any of the servants, been able, from observation, to form any judgment how far she was gone with child? - I believe every body thought she must have been near her time, for we had noticed her great with child for three or four months.</p>
<p>She was not so big, however, that it had come to the observation of your Lady? - My Lady, I believe, suspected it a little before it happened, or rather that she had got some dropsical disorder.</p>
<p>You said the prisoner had lived near two years in the family: what character had she in the family? How had she behaved herself? -
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300004"/> She took good care of the child she nursed, and was an inoffensive woman; she discharged her trust well, and behaved very civil and well to every person in the house.</p>
<p>Had she appeared to be tender to, and fond of children? - Yes; she was remarkably fond of the child she nursed.</p>
<p>Did you make any observation, particularly, in what manner she behaved when the child was discovered in the box? - She cried, and seemed much distressed; but denied knowing any thing of the murder; she denied having done any violence to the child.</p>
<p>Did you observe the scissars? - I don't recollect any thing about the scissars after.</p>
<p>Do you happen to know whether these were the scissars she usually had, and carried about her? - I do not know that circumstance; I know she had a pair of old scissars.</p>
<p>Cross-examination.</p>
<p>When the midwife came, the prisoner told her she had miscarried? - I think she did.</p>
<p>She told her so voluntarily? - I think she did.</p>
<p>And she directed the midwife to the box where the child was? - Yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-1-person49"> SARAH TUFFNEL
<interp inst="t17810530-1-person49" type="surname" value="TUFFNEL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-1-person49" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-1-person49" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a midwife; I was sent for to Lady Carysford's; I was conducted up to the prisoner's room, by my lady's orders; I asked her,</p>
<p>"How she did?" she said, Very poorly, or to that purpose. I said,</p>
<p>"You have had a child, or else have miscarried." I formed that opinion, from seeing the floor bloody near the bed. She said, she had not. I pressed her farther; I said,</p>
<p>"I was sure she had;" and I insisted upon knowing where it was. She pointed with her hand to a box that was under the bed, and said, It was in that box.</p>
<p>Did not she first say she had miscarried? - I don't recollect that she did.</p>
<p>Do you recollect that she did not; or have not you a certain recollection about it? - I have not.</p>
<p>Did she seem much confused, or afflicted? - She seemed to give very odd answers at times, as if she was not quite right in her head: I was not used to her before; but she seemed very odd and pale.</p>
<p>She must certainly have been pale from her situation. Did she appear much agitated in her mind? - Yes, I think she was; she gave the key either to Mrs. Macdonald, or me, I can't be sure which: I opened the box; upon opening it, I found a fine male child, with an incision in its throat.</p>
<p>From the view of the child did it appear to be a full grown child, or as having come before its time? - The child appeared to me to be full grown, or nearly; I saw an incision in the neck, under the throat.</p>
<p>What kind of appearance had it? - It appeared to me as if it had been cut.</p>
<p>Was it a large wound? - I did not take particular notice of the length of it, but I saw that it was not from ear to ear.</p>
<p>Did you observe whether it was a deep wound? - I observed the skin was cut, but I did not observe whether it was a deep wound.</p>
<p>Did you observe whether the windpipe was cut? - I did not; I was much frightened, and shut the box down again.</p>
<p>And you did not observe whether the wound was deep, or superficial? - I did not.</p>
<p>Did you, or any person in your presence, examine the wound afterwards? - No.</p>
<p>From the appearance of the child was it possible for you to form any judgment whether it had been born alive or dead? - I cannot positively say; it might have been strangled with the cord.</p>
<p>After you found the child, what questions did you ask the prisoner? - I asked her</p>
<p>"How she came to cut its throat?" she said, She found something hung very much, and she thought the child was entangled; (she said) she knew nothing of cutting its throat.</p>
<p>Did she say what she had done to disentangle it? - I told her,</p>
<p>"She had used those scissars;" she said, If it was done, if it was cut, she had done it by disintangling it. I said,</p>
<p>"What did you use those scissars for?" she made no answer then, I believe; but there was nothing else but these scissars to have done it with.</p>
<p>Had you seen the scissars at all? - Yes; and they seemed to be a little bloody: I asked her,</p>
<p>"Where the after-birth was?" she said, It was with the child; I looked for
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300005"/> it, and could not find it. I said,</p>
<p>"It is not come away;" she said, It was, and she did not know where it was, if it was not with the child. I afterwards brought the after-burthen from her; I might have been there three quarters of an hour before I took it away.</p>
<p>Could you form any judgment, from the appearance of the woman, whether she had had a difficult or an entangled labour? - No, I could not form any judgment; but it is likely she might, for want of assistance.</p>
<p>But if she had been in the situation she described to you, with the child much entangled, and without assistance, must she not have been in great pain and agony? - To be sure she must.</p>
<p>When children in the birth are entangled with the string, is it not usually about the neck? - Yes.</p>
<p>If the child had been so entangled, from your observation of the wound upon the neck of the child, was it or not possible that that wound might have happened in her attempt to extricate it? - It is very possible, and very probable, that she might not be capable, at that time, of knowing what she did in her extremity.</p>
<p>Am I to understand you, that, if the child was so entangled with the string about its neck, it is possible that that wound might have been given in the attempt to disentangle it? - It might with an unskilful woman; especially with her, if she was not in her senses.</p>
<p>I believe it is not an unusual thing for children to be entangled about the neck? - It is very common.</p>
<p>Do you recollect any thing else that is material? - No farther than that, while I was with her, she appeared sometimes to be delirious.</p>
<p>- KING sworn.</p>
<p>I am beadle of Marybone parish. I was sent for to the Rotation-office, and was directed to apply to the coroner, for him to summon a jury; the jury were summoned, and sat.</p>
<p>Was any surgeon sent for, to examine the body of the child? - No, the jury and coroner thought there was no occasion.</p>
<p>Court. They both thought extremely wrong.</p>
<p>(The prisoner did not say any thing in her defence.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-2">
<interp inst="t17810530-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2" type="year" value="1781"/>
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<interp inst="t17810530-2" type="date" value="17810530"/>
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<p>285.
<persName id="t17810530-2-defend51" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HALL
<interp inst="t17810530-2-defend51" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2-defend51" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2-defend51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-2-off6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing four wooden chests, value 2 s. an hempen bag, value 1 s. and 460 pound of tea, value 127 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-2-victim53" type="victimName"> John Page
<interp inst="t17810530-2-victim53" type="surname" value="Page"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2-victim53" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2-victim53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-2-off6 t17810530-2-victim53"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">March the 14th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-2-off6 t17810530-2-cd7"/>.</p>
<p>There being an error in the indictment, the prisoner was found</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-2-verdict8" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-3">
<interp inst="t17810530-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-3-off9-c52" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-3-defend55 t17810530-3-off9 t17810530-3-verdict11"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-3-off9-c53" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-3-defend57 t17810530-3-off9 t17810530-3-verdict11"/>
<p>286, 287.
<persName id="t17810530-3-defend55" type="defendantName"> NICHOLAS PORTER
<interp inst="t17810530-3-defend55" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-defend55" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-defend55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-3-defend57" type="defendantName"> EDWARD HOBBS
<interp inst="t17810530-3-defend57" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-defend57" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-defend57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-3-off9" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-3-off9" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-off9" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three fat hogs, value 3 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-3-victim59" type="victimName"> Jacob Simmons
<interp inst="t17810530-3-victim59" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-victim59" type="given" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-victim59" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-3-off9 t17810530-3-victim59"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-3-cd10" type="crimeDate">January the 29th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-3-off9 t17810530-3-cd10"/>.</p>
<p>There being an error in the indictment, they were both found</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-3-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-3-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-3-verdict11" type="verdictSubcategory" value="fault"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-4">
<interp inst="t17810530-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-4-off12-c55" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-4-defend61 t17810530-4-off12 t17810530-4-verdict13"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-4-off12-c56" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-4-defend62 t17810530-4-off12 t17810530-4-verdict13"/>
<p>288, 289.
<persName id="t17810530-4-defend61" type="defendantName"> NICHOLAS PORTER
<interp inst="t17810530-4-defend61" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-defend61" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-defend61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-4-defend62" type="defendantName"> EDWARD HOBBS
<interp inst="t17810530-4-defend62" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-defend62" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-defend62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-4-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-4-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing two live pigs, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-4-victim64" type="victimName"> Thomas Alsop
<interp inst="t17810530-4-victim64" type="surname" value="Alsop"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-victim64" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-4-victim64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-4-off12 t17810530-4-victim64"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>There being no evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoners, excepting the testimony of an accomplice, they were both found</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-4-verdict13" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-4-verdict13" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-5">
<interp inst="t17810530-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-5-off14-c58" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-5-defend66 t17810530-5-off14 t17810530-5-verdict16"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-5-off14-c59" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-5-defend68 t17810530-5-off14 t17810530-5-verdict16"/>
<p>290, 291.
<persName id="t17810530-5-defend66" type="defendantName"> NICHOLAS PORTER
<interp inst="t17810530-5-defend66" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-defend66" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-defend66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-5-defend68" type="defendantName"> EDWARD HOBBS
<interp inst="t17810530-5-defend68" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-defend68" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-defend68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-5-off14" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-5-off14" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-off14" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a sow pig, value 30 s. and a barrow pig, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-5-victim70" type="victimName"> Thomas Tyrrel
<interp inst="t17810530-5-victim70" type="surname" value="Tyrrel"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-victim70" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-5-victim70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-5-off14 t17810530-5-victim70"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-5-cd15" type="crimeDate">February the 1st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-5-off14 t17810530-5-cd15"/>.</p>
<p>There was the same defect in evidence.</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17810530-5-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-5-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-6">
<interp inst="t17810530-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-6-off17-c61" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-6-defend72 t17810530-6-off17 t17810530-6-verdict19"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-6-off17-c62" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-6-defend74 t17810530-6-off17 t17810530-6-verdict19"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300006"/>292, 293.
<persName id="t17810530-6-defend72" type="defendantName"> NICHOLAS PORTER
<interp inst="t17810530-6-defend72" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-defend72" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-defend72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-6-defend74" type="defendantName"> EDWARD HOBBS
<interp inst="t17810530-6-defend74" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-defend74" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-defend74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-6-off17" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-6-off17" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-off17" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing two barrow pigs, value 40 s. a sow, value 40 s. and a sucking pig, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-6-victim75" type="victimName"> Bright Hemming
<interp inst="t17810530-6-victim75" type="surname" value="Hemming"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-victim75" type="given" value="Bright"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-6-victim75" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-6-off17 t17810530-6-victim75"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-6-cd18" type="crimeDate">October the 15th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-6-off17 t17810530-6-cd18"/>.</p>
<p>There was the same defect in evidence.</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17810530-6-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-6-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-7">
<interp inst="t17810530-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-7-off20-c64" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-7-defend77 t17810530-7-off20 t17810530-7-verdict22"/>
<p>294.
<persName id="t17810530-7-defend77" type="defendantName"> NICHOLAS PORTER
<interp inst="t17810530-7-defend77" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-defend77" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-defend77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-7-off20" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-7-off20" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-off20" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing two fat hogs, value 40 s. and eighteen live fowls, value 9 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-7-victim79" type="victimName"> George Watson
<interp inst="t17810530-7-victim79" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-victim79" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-victim79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-7-off20 t17810530-7-victim79"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-7-cd21" type="crimeDate">January the 12th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-7-off20 t17810530-7-cd21"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-7-person80"> JOHN WATSON
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person80" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person80" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the son of the prosecutor. My father, on the night of the 12th of January, lost a sow and a barrow pig, and eighteen fowls, as mentioned in the indictment; the pigs were white; they were very remarkable, for the dogs had torn their ears, and slit them very much: I was informed that the pigs and fowls were stopped at Paddington; I went to the White Lion, at Paddington, and there I saw them; I am sure they are my father's property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-7-person81"> THOMAS SMITH
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person81" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person81" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Westborn-Green. I happened to be at the Red Lion there, in company with
<persName id="t17810530-7-person82"> Charles Sexton
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person82" type="surname" value="Sexton"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person82" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the evening of the 12th of January, at about seven o'clock. I sat there. Porter, and the accomplice, were drinking there. The woman of the house expressed a suspicion that they were not upon an honest errand; they had a cart and a horse with them; they left this place in the evening. I afterwards was, between one and two in the morning, upon the road, and there I saw Porter, and the accomplice William Lake, returning with this cart and horse; I looked into the cart; there was straw over something that was in the cart: I could not tell, as the cart was going on, whether there were hogs or sheep in the cart. I followed them, together with
<persName id="t17810530-7-person83"> Charles Sexton
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person83" type="surname" value="Sexton"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person83" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to Paddington; when they came to the turnpike there, I attempted to stop them; they ran away, and left the goods; I took them back to the turnpike; the turnpike-man advised us to send for a Mr. Cross, who had served the office of constable; Mr. Cross came, and the goods were taken to the White Lion, at Paddington, and left there.</p>
<p>(
<persName id="t17810530-7-person84"> Charles Sexton
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person84" type="surname" value="Sexton"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person84" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed the evidence of
<persName id="t17810530-7-person85"> Thomas Smith
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person85" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person85" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .)</p>
<p>- CROSS sworn.</p>
<p>I was sent for, and came to the turnpike, at Paddington, about three in the morning, on the 13th of January; the cart was there with two live hogs, and eighteen dead fowls in it; I took them to the White Lion; upon examination of the cart, there was a board upon it, which had written upon it,
<persName id="t17810530-7-person86"> NICHOLAS PORTER
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person86" type="surname" value="PORTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person86" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , near ADAM-STREET, EDGWARE-ROAD, COMMON STAGE CART.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-7-person87"> WILLIAM LAKE
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person87" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person87" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-7-person88"> Nicholas Porter
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person88" type="surname" value="Porter"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person88" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I went out on Friday night, the 12th of January, with a cart and horse, on purpose to steal fowls or hogs, or anything we could find. We drank at a public-house, at Westborn-Green; these two young men, Smith and Sexton, were sitting there. From thence we went to Mr. Watson's; we went into a field, and went round the back way, where the hay was; he handed the fowls to me, and I pulled their necks; there was a middle sized-dog, who kept barking all the time. We heard somebody coughing in the house; the prisoner bid me stop till they had done coughing, which I did; we counted the fowls; there were eighteen of them. Then he bid me drive the geese up; I went; there were some rails across a little pond; the geese went under the rails, and escaped. Then I told him, there were some hogs; he went directly and turned them out, and he desired me to take the fowls. There was a large fat sow, and a large barrow pig; they appeared to me, in the night, to be quite white; we drove them away towards home, and then up a lane, out of the road, in order to run them down, and tie their legs; after we had so done, and tied their legs, the prisoner got a large stick out of the hedge, clapped under them, and put them into the cart.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300007"/> Coming along, we met the same two men upon the road; we bid them good night; one went by the side of the cart, and tried to look in, to see what was in it; I do not know whether he could or not see what it was, because we threw some light straws, and I think a sack or two, over the hogs. When we came to Paddington-turnpike, they strove to stop us; the turnpike-man would not stop us, but opened the gates. Porter desired me to lay hold of the head of the horse; he said, Come to Covent-Garden, I will not go to Smithfield this morning; which was to make the men believe he dealt at Covent-Garden. After we got through that gate, we jumped over into the fields, and ran home as hard as we could; I had not been home above five minutes before Porter came to me; I believe he desired me to get away directly; we went away for about a fortnight, I believe, and were in Westminster; my wife lay in at the time.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am quite innocent of the affair.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-7-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-7-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-7-punish23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-7-punish23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-punish23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-7-defend77 t17810530-7-punish23"/> N.two years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-7-person89"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person89" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person89" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-7-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-8">
<interp inst="t17810530-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-8-off24-c76" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-8-defend91 t17810530-8-off24 t17810530-8-verdict27"/>
<p>295.
<persName id="t17810530-8-defend91" type="defendantName"> EDWARD HOBBS
<interp inst="t17810530-8-defend91" type="surname" value="HOBBS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8-defend91" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8-defend91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-8-off24" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-8-off24" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8-off24" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a live sow, value 40 s. and a live hog, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-8-victim93" type="victimName"> Martha Laurel
<interp inst="t17810530-8-victim93" type="surname" value="Laurel"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8-victim93" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-8-victim93" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-8-off24 t17810530-8-victim93"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-8-viclabel25" type="occupation">Widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-8-victim93 t17810530-8-viclabel25"/>,
<rs id="t17810530-8-cd26" type="crimeDate">December the 11th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-8-off24 t17810530-8-cd26"/>.</p>
<p>There being no evidence to bring the charge home to the prisoner, excepting the testimony of the accomplice, he was found</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-8-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-8-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17810530-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9" type="year" value="1781"/>
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<interp inst="t17810530-9" type="date" value="17810530"/>
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<p>296.
<persName id="t17810530-9-defend95" type="defendantName"> SUSANNA FOSSETT
<interp inst="t17810530-9-defend95" type="surname" value="FOSSETT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9-defend95" type="given" value="SUSANNA"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9-defend95" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-9-off28" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-9-off28" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9-off28" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver table spoon, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-9-victim97" type="victimName"> John Riley
<interp inst="t17810530-9-victim97" type="surname" value="Riley"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9-victim97" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9-victim97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-9-off28 t17810530-9-victim97"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-9-cd29" type="crimeDate">March the 26th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-9-off28 t17810530-9-cd29"/>.</p>
<p>(The prosecutor was called, but not appearing, the court ordered his recognizance to be estreated.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-9-verdict30" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-9-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-9-verdict30" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17810530-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10" type="year" value="1781"/>
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<interp inst="t17810530-10" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-10-off31-c80" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-10-defend99 t17810530-10-off31 t17810530-10-verdict32"/>
<p>297.
<persName id="t17810530-10-defend99" type="defendantName"> LETITIA BLAKE
<interp inst="t17810530-10-defend99" type="surname" value="BLAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10-defend99" type="given" value="LETITIA"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10-defend99" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-10-off31" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-10-off31" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10-off31" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a cotton gown, value 8 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-10-victim101" type="victimName"> Mary Foster
<interp inst="t17810530-10-victim101" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10-victim101" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10-victim101" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-10-off31 t17810530-10-victim101"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The prosecutrix was called, but not appearing, the Court ordered her recognizance to be estreated.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-10-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-10-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-10-verdict32" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17810530-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-11-off33-c82" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-11-defend103 t17810530-11-off33 t17810530-11-verdict36"/>
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<p>298, 299.
<persName id="t17810530-11-defend103" type="defendantName"> LAURENCE WEBB
<interp inst="t17810530-11-defend103" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-defend103" type="given" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-defend103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-11-defend104" type="defendantName"> JOHN CALCOTT otherwise
<rs id="t17810530-11-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-11-defend104 t17810530-11-alias-1"/>COCKETT</rs>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-defend104" type="surname" value="CALCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-defend104" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-defend104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted, for
<rs id="t17810530-11-off33" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-11-off33" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-off33" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, in a certain field near the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17810530-11-victim107" type="victimName"> Louis Francis Dumey
<interp inst="t17810530-11-victim107" type="surname" value="Dumey"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-victim107" type="given" value="Louis Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-victim107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-11-off33 t17810530-11-victim107"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a watch with a silver case, value 30 s. a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 19 s. a pair of leather shoes, value 2 s. a pair of stone knee buckles, value 10 s. a man's hat, value 10 s. three pair of silk stockings, value 20 s. a cotton handkerchief, value 2 s. and a crown piece and two six-pences in monies numbered, the property of the said
<persName id="t17810530-11-person108"> Louis Francis Dumey
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person108" type="surname" value="Francis Dumey"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person108" type="given" value="Louis"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-11-cd34" type="crimeDate">April the 17th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-11-off33 t17810530-11-cd34"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-11-person109"> LOUIS FRANCIS DUMEY
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person109" type="surname" value="FRANCIS DUMEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person109" type="given" value="LOUIS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I belong to Covent-Garden
<persName id="t17810530-11-person110"> Theatre
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person110" type="given" value="Theatre"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person110" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ; I am a
<rs id="t17810530-11-viclabel35" type="occupation">dancer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-11-victim107 t17810530-11-viclabel35"/>. On the 17th of April, I was attacked by four footpads, at just after twelve at night, as I was going to my house, near the Boot, by the Foundling Hospital. I had been at the theatre; it was very dark; I was alone. I met two at first; one said, Your money! I went back two or three steps, and asked them, What they wanted? When I was four or five steps from them, I thought, as I was so much nearer town, I could make my escape; I ran about fifteen yards.</p>
<p>You trusted to your legs? - Yes; but the thieves were too nimble for me. Seeing the man was near me, I turned back; I thought I might save a blow. I turned round, and put my cane up; I saved a blow by catching hold of his hand. He struggled a little while, then there came up the other three; they stood at some little distance: the man that turned round upon me, took me by the collar, and I collared him; he took hold of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300008"/> my hair, and turned me round; my cane dropped; they all came up to me, and I was cut very much upon the head; I lay senseless. I only felt one blow upon the head, the others I never felt: I kept my bed four days. When I came to my senses, I found an hanger under me: they took my hat, three pair of silk stockings, which I had in my pocket, my shoes and silver buckles, a pair of stone knee-buckles, an handkerchief, a Charles the Second's crown, and two sixpences. When I recovered my senses, I found them robbing me: one was tearing the knee-buckle out of my knees; I felt every motion of theirs: one said to another, Have you got the pistol?</p>
<p>What answer was made? - None. One had one of his knees on my cheek, and the other knee on my ribs: that man staid the last.</p>
<p>As it was a very dark night, should you be able to know them again? - No: I could not see them at all: they first kept at so great a distance from me, that I could not discern any human faces.</p>
<p>You cannot tell whether they had their own hair, or wigs? - They had short round hair every one; that is all that I can tell of them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-11-person111"> THOMAS CARPMEAL
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person111" type="surname" value="CARPMEAL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person111" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I belong to the office in Bow-street. I took the prisoners on the 22d of May, about seven in the morning, in Blue Court, Saffron-hill. Calcott was in bed with two girls and another man; that man made his escape going to prison. While I waited in that room, they took Webb in another room. There was not any thing found upon Calcott; the other had eleven bullets in one pocket, in the other he had some loose gunpowder; his name is Stonnell. I found nothing upon the prisoners: after they were taken, we searched the house of
<persName id="t17810530-11-person112"> Cecilia Brown
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person112" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person112" type="given" value="Cecilia"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person112" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , where we found this watch.</p>
<p>(It was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-11-person113"> CECILIA BROWN
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person113" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person113" type="given" value="CECILIA"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person113" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I bought this watch and a pair of silver buckles for two guineas and an half. I think it was in April; it was on a Wednesday morning: the buckles were broke, and sold for old silver. I bought the watch of Webb; he went by the name of Larry. I bought the buckles of another man.</p>
<p>Did he often use to come to your shop? - He has been there three or four times.</p>
<p>Who did you buy the buckles of? - The Countryman; he is not taken yet: Calcott was in company when I bought the watch of the other, but he did not sell the watch: they were both in my house at the time I paid all the money to Webb. One always takes the money.</p>
<p>You deal a good deal in this way? - No.</p>
<p>Was it morning or night, they came to you? - About nine in the morning.</p>
<p>Larry has come to your shop before? - Three or four times.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-11-person114"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person114" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person114" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-11-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took Webb on the 22d in the morning, at White's Yard, Saffron-Hill. He was in bed, and a girl along with him.</p>
<p>Did you find any thing upon him? - No arms, nor any thing: he asked me what I took him for; I said, I had an information against him for a footpad robbery: we had had information of him by this woman.</p>
<p>You have heard of his having been at sea? - I have heard he deserted from the St. Alban's; but how true that is, I can't tell.</p>
<p>WEBB's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was sitting at that house; the Countryman came to me; he said he had been with some girls of the town, who had robbed him of his money, and he had not a farthing left, without he could sell his watch; I said, I heard that a woman opposite bought all sorts of things. He asked me to go along with him; I went with him, and she bought the watch. I should have been at sea before now, only I am not in a condition to go to sea.</p>
<p>To Brown. How many came with this watch and buckles? - Three.</p>
<p>How long before had Webb been with you? - He lived with Lydia Hall for two months; then he left her, and took up with another girl.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300009"/>You are a married woman? - Yes.</p>
<p>Webb. If I had been concerned in the robbery, I should have had the silk stockings and other things, as well as the watch.</p>
<p>(There not being any evidence to affect Callcott, he was not put upon his defence.)</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17810530-11-verdict36" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-11-verdict36" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<p>300, 301.
<persName id="t17810530-12-defend116" type="defendantName"> LAURENCE WEBB
<interp inst="t17810530-12-defend116" type="surname" value="WEBB"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-defend116" type="given" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-defend116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-12-defend117" type="defendantName"> JOHN CALCOTT , otherwise
<rs id="t17810530-12-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-12-defend117 t17810530-12-alias-2"/>COCKETT</rs>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-defend117" type="surname" value="CALCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-defend117" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-defend117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-12-off37" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-12-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, in the king's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17810530-12-victim120" type="victimName"> Thomas Hine
<interp inst="t17810530-12-victim120" type="surname" value="Hine"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-victim120" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-victim120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-12-off37 t17810530-12-victim120"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person five shillings and four-pence halfpenny, in monies numbered, the property of the said Thomas </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-12-cd38" type="crimeDate">May the 15th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-12-off37 t17810530-12-cd38"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-12-person121"> THOMAS HINE
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person121" type="surname" value="HINE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person121" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchmaker. I was attacked in the
<placeName id="t17810530-12-crimeloc39">New Road, Islington</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-crimeloc39" type="placeName" value="New Road, Islington"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-crimeloc39" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-12-off37 t17810530-12-crimeloc39"/>, leading down by the Small Pox Hospital, by a place called Pleasant Row: it was between ten and eleven o'clock, on the 15th of May. I was going home from London to Pleasant Row; Calcott first came up to me; it was a dark night, considering the time of the year: he accosted me, but what he said I don't remember; but he gave me a touch of the elbow. The next that came up to me was Webb; he had a bludgeon in his hand; he stood with the bludgeon lifted up in a position to knock me down; he said, Your money! I was about 100 yards from my own house; I thought I could run home; I was getting off the foot-path, to get upon the road; upon which Calcott took me by the collar: he was buttoned up quite close; he got his hand in under his coat, as if he was drawing something out. I looked over my left shoulder, and saw two more men advancing up; they called out, D - n his eyes! what, does he resist? blow his brains out! As soon as the other two closed up, they pushed off my hat, and held it before my face; it was pushed off behind, but Calcott, I imagine, held it, for it was held even flat against my face; then Webb rifled me; I lost five shillings in good silver, a bad shilling, and four-pence halfpenny; one was a halfpenny, three parts cut. When they took that five shillings, they said, What money have you got about you? I said, I had a little silver, which you have got, and a few halfpence in my waistcoat pocket; they took them out instantly; then they asked me for my watch; I said I had not one; they felt me all the way down, from my head down to my shoes; my watch I kept in my hand all the time.</p>
<p>How long did they stay with you? - About ten minutes; then Calcott led me on towards my home, for two or three yards; he held my hat before my face; then he said, Walk on, make no noise, and no resistance; if you do, you are a dead man. When he was gone, I looked over my shoulder, and saw them walking up the hill towards Islington.</p>
<p>They were not disguised? - No: nothing over their faces. Webb had an old round hat on when he committed the robbery; there were no lamps upon the road; my own lamp at my door was not lighted: there had been so many robberies committed on the road, that I took my watch out, and put it into my hand, when I came into the road at the Angel at Islington. I was robbed on a Tuesday night; on the Wednesday I was sent for to Bow-street; I went on the Friday; I enquired at the office; they told me the foot-pads were in at the public-house; they asked me if I had seen them; I said I had not: I was asked to go into the public-house, to see if I knew them; I went into the tap-room; there were fifteen or sixteen people there; I was desired to look about to see if I knew any body; I looked about, I fixed upon Calcott; they asked me if there was any body else; I said, no, there was not. I was desired to go into a back-room; there were about ten or a dozen there, I believe: when I came out again, a man asked me if any body I knew was there; I said, yes, the little man that has
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300010"/> got an apron on, is the man that rifled me, but he has now got a cocked hat on; when he rifled me, he had a very old round hat, and his hair hung down below his face; that was Webb; I understood they were all four in custody; I did not see the other two.</p>
<p>Did you discern the faces of the other men? - I cannot say I did observe them; they came up side-ways, and I had my hat before my face.</p>
<p>What dress had Calcott on? - A drab-coloured coat.</p>
<p>Calcott. He said, a light-coloured coat, before the justice.</p>
<p>Hine. It was a drab-coloured coat.</p>
<p>Calcott. He mentioned before the justice, that some people had seen me drinking at a public-house in the neighbourhood.</p>
<p>Hine. I understand there were people that saw them there, but they are not here.</p>
<p>Webb. The gentleman said, I had a round hat on, and my hair hung over before my face; if I had had a round hat on, he could not so positively swear to my face. I never was in custody before.</p>
<p>How could you see his hair, when his hat was on? - His hair came below his hat, and I saw his face very plain when he stood with the stick up, as I mentioned before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-12-person122"> THOMAS CARPMEAL
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person122" type="surname" value="CARPMEAL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person122" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took Calcott the 22d of May, at about seven in the morning; there was another man in bed with him, and two girls; as we were taking them to the prison, they both jumped out of the coach, one at one door, and the other at the other; we jumped out after them, and took Calcott, the other escaped. I was along with Mr. Hine when he picked them out; he said, when he gave the information of the robbery, at the office, that he should know two of them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-12-person123"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person123" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person123" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-12-person123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took Webb in bed the same morning; there was a woman with him; he did not offer to make any resistance.</p>
<p>CALCOTT's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>When I was taken to the justice's first, as there was nothing to affect me, and I had escaped from the ballast-lighters three years ago, I tried to make my escape, for fear I should be carried there again.</p>
<p>WEBB's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>The gentleman accuses me quite wrongfully.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. How do you know it was Webb who rifled your pocket, as your hat was before your face? - He was at it before the hat was put before my face.</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17810530-12-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-12-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>. (
<rs id="t17810530-12-punish41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-12-punish41" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-12-defend116 t17810530-12-punish41"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-12-defend117 t17810530-12-punish41"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. My Lord, I believe, if it had not been for Calcott, I should have been used very ill; he said, Don't make any noise, or resistance, and they shan't use you ill.</p>
<p>Webb. This man (Calcott) is as innocent as the child unborn.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-13">
<interp inst="t17810530-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-13-off42-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-13-defend125 t17810530-13-off42 t17810530-13-verdict45"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-13-off42-c99" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-13-defend127 t17810530-13-off42 t17810530-13-verdict45"/>
<p>302, 303.
<persName id="t17810530-13-defend125" type="defendantName"> BENNETT HARBOURNE
<interp inst="t17810530-13-defend125" type="surname" value="HARBOURNE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-defend125" type="given" value="BENNETT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-defend125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-13-defend127" type="defendantName"> HENRY HASLAM
<interp inst="t17810530-13-defend127" type="surname" value="HASLAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-defend127" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-defend127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-13-off42" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-13-off42" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-off42" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a watch, with the inside and outside cases made of base metal, gilt with gold, value 20 s. a base-metal watch chain, value 12 d. and a stone seal set in silver, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-13-victim129" type="victimName"> Frederick Bossey
<interp inst="t17810530-13-victim129" type="surname" value="Bossey"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-victim129" type="given" value="Frederick"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-victim129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-13-off42 t17810530-13-victim129"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-13-cd43" type="crimeDate">May the 8th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-13-off42 t17810530-13-cd43"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-13-person130"> FREDERICK BOSSEY
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person130" type="surname" value="BOSSEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person130" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17810530-13-viclabel44" type="occupation">physician</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-13-victim129 t17810530-13-viclabel44"/>. On the 8th of this month, I lost my watch, in the Opera-house; I was going into the Opera-house; I saw both the prisoners, one of them pressed me; I thought he was forcing to get before me into the gallery; in a little time he went behind me, and then I missed my watch; upon my saying, I had lost my watch, Harbourne ran down the stairs; I laid hold of Haslam, and called out to the people to stop Harbourne; he was stopped, and a constable immediately held up my watch at the door of the Opera-house; I came down the stairs, and saw the watch was mine; there was not much croud at the time.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300011"/>From Haslam. Did I run away? - No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-13-person131"> JOHN MITCHELL
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person131" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a peruke-maker. I was at the door of the Opera-house, opposite the gate; I picked up the watch at the door, on the pavement; I saw it drop, but cannot swear that the prisoner dropt it; it fell on a lady's toes, and then on the pavement; a constable had hold of Harbourne, and was bringing him back at the time; Harbourne was close to it when it dropped.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-13-person132"> DAVID MILLS
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person132" type="surname" value="MILLS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person132" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I was attending at the Opera-house; there was a cry of, Stop thief! or, Pick-pocket! Another constable brought the prisoner, Harbourne, in; this man gave me the watch, which he had picked up; I did not see it in the possession of Harbourne.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-13-person133"> ELIZABETH EASTED
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person133" type="surname" value="EASTED"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person133" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person133" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Bossey. I was going into the Opera-house with him, to take care of his three children; my master said he had lost his watch; and I saw Harbourne run away; my master laid hold of Haslam: that is all I know.</p>
<p>- sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I was standing near the Opera-house door, in the Haymarket; there was a cry, The watch is dropped! The watch is dropped! This man took it up, and brought it into the Opera-house; I did not see it drop.</p>
<p>(There being no evidence to affect Haslam, he was not put upon his defence.)</p>
<p>Harbourne. I leave my defence to my counsel.</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17810530-13-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-13-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-13-person134"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person134" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person134" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-13-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-14">
<interp inst="t17810530-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-14-off46-c106" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-defend136 t17810530-14-off46 t17810530-14-verdict50"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-14-off46-c107" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-defend137 t17810530-14-off46 t17810530-14-verdict50"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-14-off46-c108" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-defend140 t17810530-14-off46 t17810530-14-verdict50"/>
<p>304, 305, 306.
<persName id="t17810530-14-defend136" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM PYKE
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend136" type="surname" value="PYKE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend136" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-14-defend137" type="defendantName"> CHARLES WEST otherwise
<rs id="t17810530-14-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-defend137 t17810530-14-alias-3"/>THOMAS COLLINWOOD</rs>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend137" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend137" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-14-defend140" type="defendantName"> JOHN ROBINSON
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend140" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend140" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-defend140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-14-off46" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-14-off46" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-off46" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17810530-14-victim142" type="victimName"> Joseph Willgoose
<interp inst="t17810530-14-victim142" type="surname" value="Willgoose"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-victim142" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-victim142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-off46 t17810530-14-victim142"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a guinea, and 8 s. 6 d. in monies numbered, the property of the said William </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-14-cd47" type="crimeDate">April the 7th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-off46 t17810530-14-cd47"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-14-person143"> JOSEPH WILLGOOSE
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person143" type="surname" value="WILLGOOSE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person143" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17810530-14-viclabel48" type="occupation">breeches-maker and glover</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-victim142 t17810530-14-viclabel48"/>, at Westminster; I work at Hampstead. On the 7th of April I was robbed, coming from
<placeName id="t17810530-14-crimeloc49">Hampstead</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-crimeloc49" type="placeName" value="Hampstead"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-crimeloc49" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-14-off46 t17810530-14-crimeloc49"/>, about half after eight at night, by Pyke and Robinson; Collinwood I am not positive to, but the other two I am positive to; there were five of them in the whole. I lost a guinea and 8 s. 6 d. which was wrapped up in a piece of white paper.</p>
<p>Was it light, or dark? - Twilight. I was sent for, on the Monday se'nnight, to the Rotation-office; there I saw the prisoners; I knew them as soon as I saw them; I was clear, when they robbed me, I should know them again; they were in no disguise at all; the middle one, Pyke, had a scar on his cheek; Robinson was of a fair complexion, and his own hair; I can swear to him. I advertised them; the runners, knowing where I worked at Hampstead, sent for me; when I came there, the three prisoners, and another, were in the office, who was charged with breaking open an house in Bloomsbury. I was asked by the clerk, Whether I should know the persons that robbed me, if I saw them again? I said, I should know them in my conscience; I went through the office, and pointed out the three prisoners; but was not sure, in my conscience, to Collinwood.</p>
<p>Pyke. He said, at the justice's, one of the men that robbed him, had a mole on his cheek. - I have not the advertisement here; I described him as having a mole.</p>
<p>Pyke. I have a cut on my cheek; it is plain it is no mole.</p>
<p>Collinwood. He swore more positively to me than the rest, till I proved I was in gaol
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300012"/> at the time, and then he swore more positively to the other man.</p>
<p>Pyke. He swore Collinwood was the first man that stopped him, and demanded his money: he is a private soldier in the guards; he has been hired by the runners to swear against us.</p>
<p>Did you swear positively to Collinwood, before the justice? - I swore to those three, but were not positive to Collinwood.</p>
<p>(He is shewn his information before the justice.)</p>
<p>Is that your hand-writing? - Yes.</p>
<p>(The information was read, in which it appeared, he swore positively to Collinwood before the justice.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-14-person144"> NICHOLAS EVANS
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person144" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person144" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Coach and Horses, Bloomsbury-square. I know nothing of the robbery; I apprehended them on the 13th of May; but I found nothing upon them.</p>
<p>ALL THREE
<rs id="t17810530-14-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-14-verdict50" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-14-person145"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person145" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person145" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-14-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-15">
<interp inst="t17810530-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-15-off52-c113" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-defend147 t17810530-15-off52 t17810530-15-verdict57"/>
<p>307.
<persName id="t17810530-15-defend147" type="defendantName"> MARY NASH
<interp inst="t17810530-15-defend147" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-defend147" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-defend147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-15-deflabel51" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-defend147 t17810530-15-deflabel51"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-15-off52" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-15-off52" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-off52" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a silk gown, value 5 s. three linen gowns, value 10 s. two cotton gowns, value 11 s. a dimity petticoat, value 3 s. a linen petticoat, value 2 s. three dimity petticoats, value 3 s. a pair of stays, value 3 s. a silk cloak, value 5 s. a sattin cloak, value 2 s. a velvet cloak, value 6 s. six linen shifts, value 6 s. four pair of cotton stockings, value 4 d. two laced handkerchiefs, value 4 s. seven muslin handkerchiefs, value 7 s. three pair of muslin ruffles, value 10 s. 6 d. a callico waistcoat and bed-gown, value 2 s. a pair of leather gloves, value 6 d. a silk apron, value 3 s. five muslin aprons, value 6 s. a yard of muslin, value 2 s. 6 d. three quarters of a yard of striped muslin, value 14 d. six yards of trimming, value 2 d. two linen aprons, value 2 s. 6 d. and two lawn aprons, value 4 s. the property of
<persName id="t17810530-15-victim149" type="victimName"> Catharine Jones
<interp inst="t17810530-15-victim149" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-victim149" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-victim149" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-off52 t17810530-15-victim149"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-15-viclabel53" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-victim149 t17810530-15-viclabel53"/>, in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17810530-15-person150"> Mary Russel
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person150" type="surname" value="Russel"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person150" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person150" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-15-cd54" type="crimeDate">April 19th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-off52 t17810530-15-cd54"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-15-person151"> CATHARINE JONES
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person151" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person151" type="given" value="CATHARINE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person151" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lodge in the same house with
<persName id="t17810530-15-person152"> Mary Russel
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person152" type="surname" value="Russel"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person152" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person152" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , at
<placeName id="t17810530-15-crimeloc55">No. 3, Hyde-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-crimeloc55" type="placeName" value="No. 3, Hyde-street"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-crimeloc55" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-off52 t17810530-15-crimeloc55"/>. I
<rs id="t17810530-15-viclabel56" type="occupation">go out a nursing</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-15-victim149 t17810530-15-viclabel56"/>; I went out on the 29th of March, and did not return till the 15th of April; I left my things safe when I went out; I locked the door, and took the key with me. I came home; in trying to open the door with the key, the box which the bolt shoots into, tumbled off; I went in, and missed a number of things. I got a padlock put on the door, and went back to my place. I returned to my lodging again on the 19th, about ten o'clock at night; the staple of the padlock was quite loose, but I did not observe it till the next morning; then I looked in my drawers, and missed some other things. I got a search warrant. I found a piece of gymp trimming of mine, in the prisoner's apartment. The constable charged her with having robbed me: at first she denied it; afterwards she confessed, and she went with me to Monmouth-street, and several places, where we found the things.</p>
<p>- TREADWAY sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. These things (producing them) were sold to a Mrs. Carter, who is not here, (she is taken in labour) she lives in Field-lane; I found them in her house.</p>
<p>You do not know how they came to Carter's, only by what the prisoner said? - No; there were other things found at Mr. Russel's, a butcher, in Gray's Inn Lane; he is not here; and some other things, from a pawnbroker; he is not here.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-15-person153"> JANE SMITH
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person153" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person153" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person153" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a clothes shop, in Great St. Andrew's street. I believe I had these two old handkerchiefs (producing them) of the prisoner; I can't swear to her; she came and demanded them: I also bought a gown of the same person, for 2 s. I mended it, and sold it for 2 s. 6 d.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-15-person154"> MARY GERARD
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person154" type="surname" value="GERARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person154" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person154" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have an old gown, and an old petticoat; I believe I bought them of the prisoner; I gave 9 s. for them.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300013"/>
<persName id="t17810530-15-person155"> SARAH DOWNING
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person155" type="surname" value="DOWNING"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person155" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person155" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have a gown and pair of stays I bought of the prisoner; I think it was a week or a fortnight before. She said she brought them from Pimlico or Kentish Town, I can't say which.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-15-person156"> MARY WINTER
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person156" type="surname" value="WINTER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person156" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-person156" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I bought two old shifts of the prisoner in Easter week for three shillings: she brought them to my shop; she said she dealt in earthen ware.</p>
<p>(The different articles were produced by the several witnesses, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>She promised, if I confessed where the things were, she would forgive me.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-15-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-15-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-15-verdict57" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 39 s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-16">
<interp inst="t17810530-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-16-off58-c122" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-16-defend158 t17810530-16-off58 t17810530-16-verdict62"/>
<p>308.
<persName id="t17810530-16-defend158" type="defendantName"> JOHN ROBINSON
<interp inst="t17810530-16-defend158" type="surname" value="ROBINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-defend158" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-defend158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-16-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-16-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a hundred pound weight of lead, value 8 s. the property of
<persName id="t17810530-16-victim160" type="victimName"> John Foster
<interp inst="t17810530-16-victim160" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-victim160" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-victim160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-16-off58 t17810530-16-victim160"/> </persName> , the said lead being affixed to a certain building the property of the said
<persName id="t17810530-16-person161"> John Foster
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person161" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person161" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-16-cd59" type="crimeDate">April 26th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-16-off58 t17810530-16-cd59"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-16-person162"> JOHN HARRISON
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person162" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person162" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am clerk to Mr. Foster, a
<rs id="t17810530-16-viclabel60" type="occupation">coachmaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-16-victim160 t17810530-16-viclabel60"/> in Long Acre. He has a work-shop in
<placeName id="t17810530-16-crimeloc61">Tottenham Court Road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Tottenham Court Road"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-16-off58 t17810530-16-crimeloc61"/>, facing Mr. Whitefield's chapel. I was, on a Thursday morning about eleven o'clock, in the compting-house: two sawyers were sharpening their saws; one of them came to me, and desired me to go over the way; I went; I saw the prisoner upon the top of the house: we surrounded the house; the prisoner was then at work; I called out, My lad, we 'spy you; he then put his legs through the trap-door, to come down; as he was coming down, I laid hold of his leg, and we secured him. We found 120 pound of lead cut off and rolled up; I went afterwards, and found some that he had thrown down.</p>
<p>(
<persName id="t17810530-16-person163"> William Williamson
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person163" type="surname" value="Williamson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person163" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-16-person164"> Robert Graves
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person164" type="surname" value="Graves"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person164" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-16-person165"> John Hunter
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person165" type="surname" value="Hunter"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person165" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , confirmed the evidence of
<persName id="t17810530-16-person166"> John Harrison
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person166" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person166" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was going through these buildings: there were two men fighting in the building. Several people went into the house to see it; I got in; I had a bird in my hand, in an handkerchief; it flew out of the handkerchief, and I went up through the trap-door after it, and these men came up and took me, and charged me with cutting the lead off.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-16-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-16-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-16-person167"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person167" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person167" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-16-punish63" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-16-punish63" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-16-punish63" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-16-defend158 t17810530-16-punish63"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-17">
<interp inst="t17810530-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-17-off64-c131" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-17-defend169 t17810530-17-off64 t17810530-17-verdict66"/>
<p>309.
<persName id="t17810530-17-defend169" type="defendantName"> JOHN PHILLIPS
<interp inst="t17810530-17-defend169" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-defend169" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-defend169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-17-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-17-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value 2 s. a linen shirt, value 10 s. a mahogany shaving-case, value 15 s. two razors, value 5 s. a cotton night cap, value 1 s. and two muslin neckcloths, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-17-victim171" type="victimName"> Gilbert Ross
<interp inst="t17810530-17-victim171" type="surname" value="Ross"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-victim171" type="given" value="Gilbert"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-victim171" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-17-off64 t17810530-17-victim171"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-17-person172"> JAMES SCOTT
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person172" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person172" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am errand-boy to Mr. Lutell. On Monday the 7th of May, I was coming up Fish-street Hill, with a bundle of Mr. Ross's things; it had like to have fell on the ground. I had two great coats and a parcel besides the bundle. I asked a man going along the street to help me with it; he said he would carry it for me; he took it out of my hand; I told him I was going to
<placeName id="t17810530-17-crimeloc65">Fenchurch-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-crimeloc65" type="placeName" value="Fenchurch-street"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-crimeloc65" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-17-off64 t17810530-17-crimeloc65"/>; he said he would carry it for me; I said I had rather he would not, but he carried it: just as he came to the corner of Fenchurch-street, the prisoner took the bundle out of that man's hand; then he told me I might seek for my bundle, for a man had snatched it out of his hand.</p>
<p>Did you see the bundle snatched out of his hand? - No; I was rather before him; he then ran away, and I called out, Stop thief! and the prisoner was stopped at the corner of Birchin-lane with the bundle.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300014"/> I took the bundle out of his hand, while the men held him. I took it home to my master's; he is an apothecary: there were some of my master's, and some of Mr. Ross's things in it: they had been out of town together, and I had been down to the livery-stables for them. I put it down on the table, and my master took it, and sent it down to Mr. Ross's, I believe. My master is not here.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-17-person173"> JAMES DRAKE
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person173" type="surname" value="DRAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person173" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner on Monday the 7th of May, in Lombard-street. There was a cry of Stop thief! the prisoner was running; I saw him stopped, and the boy took the bundle from him: the boy went towards home, and I saw no more of them. The prisoner said he did not intend to steal them; he gave them up without the least reluctance.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-17-person174"> JOHN CAREY
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person174" type="surname" value="CAREY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person174" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was going along Lombard-street. The lad was running, crying Stop thief! I saw the prisoner running from the lad with some bundles; I pursued him, and took him at the corner of Birchin-lane, with the bundles in his hands; I told him to deliver them to me; he said, No, I had no right to it; the lad came up, and said, the bundles are mine, and took them from him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-17-person175"> GILBERT ROSS
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person175" type="surname" value="ROSS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person175" type="given" value="GILBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>These are my property: they were delivered to me by the constable.</p>
<p>- HOLMES sworn.</p>
<p>The bundle was delivered to me at the Mansion-House by a Mr. Rhodes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-17-person176"> DANIEL NIXON
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person176" type="surname" value="NIXON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person176" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-17-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know nothing of the bundle; I heard the cry of Stop thief, and took the prisoner.</p>
<p>To Scott. How do you know that the bundle that was given you to carry, was the property of Mr. Ross? Who gave it you to carry? - The woman at the livery-stable.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-17-verdict66" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-17-verdict66" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-18">
<interp inst="t17810530-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-18-off67-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-18-defend178 t17810530-18-off67 t17810530-18-verdict70"/>
<p>310.
<persName id="t17810530-18-defend178" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH BEDFORD
<interp inst="t17810530-18-defend178" type="surname" value="BEDFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-defend178" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-defend178" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-18-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-18-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a watch, with a silver case, value 50 s. a steel chain, value 6 d. and two silver seals, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-18-victim180" type="victimName"> Joseph Bell
<interp inst="t17810530-18-victim180" type="surname" value="Bell"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-victim180" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-victim180" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-18-off67 t17810530-18-victim180"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-18-cd68" type="crimeDate">May 11th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-18-off67 t17810530-18-cd68"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-18-person181"> JOSEPH BELL
<interp inst="t17810530-18-person181" type="surname" value="BELL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-person181" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 11th of May, at about ten o'clock at night, I was going home to my lodgings, at No. 8, in Union-court, Holborn. Going up the court, the prisoner stopped me; she catched me round the middle, and pushed me against the wall; then she called another girl; she asked me, If I would have a - , or something of that kind: the other girl came up that moment; the prisoner directly snatched the watch out of my pocket; I felt her do it; I catched hold of her, and that instant the other girl pushed me, and got the watch, and ran away.</p>
<p>Did you see this girl give the watch to the other? - No; I could not see that, because she pushed against me: at the time I took the prisoner to the watch-house, she swore very much, and was not willing to be searched; she was searched, but my watch was never found. I am quite certain it was the prisoner who took it out of my pocket.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-18-person182"> JOHN BURKETT
<interp inst="t17810530-18-person182" type="surname" value="BURKETT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-person182" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was going home, in company with Mr. Bell: we both lodge in one house; I saw this girl stop him, and shove him against the wall; she called another girl; I saw the girl go close up to them: I did not see her do any thing.</p>
<p>Why did not you interpose? - I did not know any thing of the kind was going on.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was at the corner of
<placeName id="t17810530-18-crimeloc69">Union-court</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-crimeloc69" type="placeName" value="Union-court"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-18-crimeloc69" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-18-off67 t17810530-18-crimeloc69"/>, and two women more. I was in the court with the prosecutor: I left him, and he was with another girl in a black gown; he afterwards charged me, because I had a black gown: I was taken to the Compter, and afterwards before the Lord Mayor, and was committed till the other girl could be found. He came to the Compter, and said, If I would
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300015"/> pay him 50 s. for the watch, he would be at no farther trouble about it.</p>
<p>Court. Is that true? - No, it is not.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-18-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-18-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-18-punish71" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-18-punish71" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-18-defend178 t17810530-18-punish71"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-19">
<interp inst="t17810530-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-19-off72-c142" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-19-defend184 t17810530-19-off72 t17810530-19-verdict75"/>
<p>311.
<persName id="t17810530-19-defend184" type="defendantName"> PATRICK KENDLER
<interp inst="t17810530-19-defend184" type="surname" value="KENDLER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-defend184" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-defend184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-19-off72" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-19-off72" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-off72" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a wooden hogshead cask, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-19-victim186" type="victimName"> Felix Calvert
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim186" type="surname" value="Calvert"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim186" type="given" value="Felix"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-19-victim188" type="victimName"> Richard Ladbroke
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim188" type="surname" value="Ladbroke"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim188" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-19-victim190" type="victimName"> William Whitemore
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim190" type="surname" value="Whitemore"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim190" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-victim190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-19-cd73" type="crimeDate">May the 16th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-19-off72 t17810530-19-cd73"/>.</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoner.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-19-person191"> THOMAS WRIGHT
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person191" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person191" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I met the prisoner the 16th of this month, at about a quarter after 10 o'clock at night, at the bottom of Queen-street, Cheapside; he had a beer hogshead on his shoulder; I asked him, Where he was going with the beer hogshead? he replied, It is not yours. I had lost several of my casks. I stopped him directly, and took it off his shoulder; I held him till two watchmen came to take him into custody. There was
<persName id="t17810530-19-person192"> Felix Calvert
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person192" type="surname" value="Calvert"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person192" type="given" value="Felix"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Co's burnt mark upon it; his partners are
<persName id="t17810530-19-person193"> Richard Ladbroke
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person193" type="surname" value="Ladbroke"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person193" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-19-person194"> William Whitemore
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person194" type="surname" value="Whitemore"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person194" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>- SCAFF sworn.</p>
<p>I am a cooper to Mess.
<persName id="t17810530-19-person195"> Felix Calvert
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person195" type="surname" value="Calvert"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person195" type="given" value="Felix"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-19-person196"> Richard Ladbroke
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person196" type="surname" value="Ladbroke"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person196" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-19-person197"> William Whitemore
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person197" type="surname" value="Whitemore"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person197" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-19-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw Mr. Wright stop the prisoner with the cask; I had it in my hands the Monday before; it was a new one; it had been filled but once; there were six came from Canterbury; one was missing; they were standing in the lane, by Mr. Calvert's cooperage.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17810530-19-deflabel74" type="occupation">porter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-19-defend184 t17810530-19-deflabel74"/>. Coming along with my knot on my shoulder, a man asked me, If I wanted a jobb? I have a wife and three children at home. He offered me a shilling, and said, it would not be above a quarter of an hour's work; he had me to the place where the casks were; he delivered the cask to me, to take it to Cheapside; when I was stopped, the man ran away; I never saw him since.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave him a good character.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-19-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-19-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-20">
<interp inst="t17810530-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20" type="date" value="17810530"/>
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<p>312.
<persName id="t17810530-20-defend199" type="defendantName"> BENJAMIN CANTOFER
<interp inst="t17810530-20-defend199" type="surname" value="CANTOFER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-defend199" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-defend199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (a
<rs id="t17810530-20-deflabel76" type="occupation">black</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-20-defend199 t17810530-20-deflabel76"/>) was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-20-off77" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-20-off77" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-off77" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a gold watch, value 5 l. and a base-metal watch key, value 1 d. the property of
<persName id="t17810530-20-victim201" type="victimName"> John Trenchard
<interp inst="t17810530-20-victim201" type="surname" value="Trenchard"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-victim201" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-victim201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-20-off77 t17810530-20-victim201"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17810530-20-viclabel78" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-20-victim201 t17810530-20-viclabel78"/>; in the dwelling-house of the said John </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-20-cd79" type="crimeDate">May the 19th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-20-off77 t17810530-20-cd79"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-20-person202"> JAMES WATTS
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person202" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person202" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Trenchard. The prisoner lived with a relation of my master's; I don't know how long he has left the service: last Saturday se'nnight he called at my master's, to see a fellow maid servant; he came about three in the afternoon, and staid till seven. He was intimate with the family, and had been in my master's house frequently. About five minutes after he was gone, I missed a gold watch of my master's, which was kept in the kitchen, for the use of the cook: I went up, and told the cook, I thought Cantofer had taken away the watch. On the Sunday morning I went to the Rotation-office, and got Macdonald to go with me to the prisoner's lodging: upon entering the room, Macdonald asked him, Where the watch was? he immediately confessed the fact, and said, he had lodged it at a pawnbroker's in Long-Acre, as he came along.</p>
<p>Were there any promises made to him, to induce him to confess? - None.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-20-person203"> HENRY EWER
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person203" type="surname" value="EWER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person203" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker, at the corner of Adam and Eve Court, Oxford-road. The prisoner brought a gold watch case to pledge, last Saturday se'nnight, about seven or eight
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300016"/> o'clock. I lent him no money on it, but stopped it: he wanted to pledge it for 5 s. or sell it for 7 s. It has been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>(The case was produced in court, and
<persName id="t17810530-20-person204"> James Watts
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person204" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person204" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed that it was the property of the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-20-person205"> JOHN NEWMAN
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person205" type="surname" value="NEWMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person205" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Heather, a pawnbroker, in Long-Acre. The prisoner brought the watch to me, to know whether it was gilt, or gold, on Saturday the 19th of May, at near eight o'clock; I perceived the watch to be gold. I questioned him, how he came by it? he said, he bought it at Blackwall, of the Jews, for a guinea. I stopped the watch.</p>
<p>What is the watch worth? - The box, without the outside case, is worth three guineas; and the inside may be worth a guinea more: it has been in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>(That was likewise produced in court, and deposed to by Watts.)</p>
<p>To Ewer. What is the case which was brought to you worth? - About four guineas.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-20-person206"> DENNIS MACDONALD
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person206" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person206" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-20-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took the prisoner up, at his lodgings in Wild-street; he said, he had taken the watch, and begged the gentleman would forgive him.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I was out of place, and very poor. I wish to go to my own country.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-20-verdict80" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-20-verdict80" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17810530-20-punish81" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-20-punish81" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-20-defend199 t17810530-20-punish81"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-21">
<interp inst="t17810530-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-21-off82-c160" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-21-defend208 t17810530-21-off82 t17810530-21-verdict85"/>
<p>313.
<persName id="t17810530-21-defend208" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM WOOD
<interp inst="t17810530-21-defend208" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-defend208" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-defend208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-21-off82" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-21-off82" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-off82" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he, in a certain field and open place, near the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17810530-21-victim210" type="victimName"> Thomas Gardiner
<interp inst="t17810530-21-victim210" type="surname" value="Gardiner"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-victim210" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-victim210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-21-off82 t17810530-21-victim210"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silver watch, value 40 s. and 20 s. in monies numbered, the property of the said
<persName id="t17810530-21-person211"> Thomas Gardiner
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person211" type="surname" value="Gardiner"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person211" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-21-cd83" type="crimeDate">April the 23d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-21-off82 t17810530-21-cd83"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-21-person212"> THOMAS GARDINER
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person212" type="surname" value="GARDINER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person212" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was robbed on the 23d of April, in the field next to
<placeName id="t17810530-21-crimeloc84">Kentish-Town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-crimeloc84" type="placeName" value="Kentish-Town"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-crimeloc84" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-21-off82 t17810530-21-crimeloc84"/>; I was in the foot-path which parts two fields, and there is a bank on each side the path: I was robbed by the prisoner.</p>
<p>Are you certain he is the person? - Yes, I knew him again as soon as I saw him; it was about twenty minutes before eight o'clock; it was light, and I could well discern his face. I never saw him to my knowledge before; nor did I see him then, till he had hold of my collar, and demanded my money.</p>
<p>Was any person near at the time? - Three gentlemen were coming from Kentish-Town, who were within a minute's walk of me; I did not see them till after he had robbed me.</p>
<p>How long was the transaction about? - I suppose not above two minutes.</p>
<p>During that two minutes, you must be in some agitation of spirits? - I was very much frightened.</p>
<p>Could you take such accurate observations of the person of the man, as to swear positively that the prisoner is the person? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was any person with him? - He was alone; he had a great stick in his hand; he took me by the collar, and in a little time he said, Your money! I said, I have but a few shillings about me; I hope you will not take it from me. He said, Little or much, do not hesitate, or I will have your life.</p>
<p>Did he, when he made use of this expression, stammer as he does now? - I did not hear any such thing. I put my hand in my pocket, and pulled out an handful of silver: I had about 40 s. in my pocket; I left only an half-crown and a shilling in my pocket. He said, Here is not all; turn your pocket. I put my hand into my pocket again, and took out the half-crown and shilling. I said here is all; you may have my pocket turned, if you will; but I hope you will not take it at all. He gave me the half-crown again, and took the shilling. When he took the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300017"/> shilling, he pointed to my watch, and said, What is that watch? I said, I hope you will not take my watch. He immediately laid hold of the chain, and drew it out: he turned about. I said, Pray don't take my watch; it will grieve me to lose it, more than my money. He said, He had taken it. He turned, and went away. There is a gap at the corner of the field; I saw a man there. I said to him, Are you an honest man? He seemed staggered. I said, If you are an honest man, help me to take that man, pointing to the prisoner; he has robbed me of my watch and money. He said, Are you in earnest? I said, yes. He said, I saw you talking together, but did not know he was robbing you. While I was speaking to that man, two gentlemen came up: I told them the same. The man disappeared: we thought he had got into a ditch; we all went back, but did not find him. I gave information of the robbery at the office in Bow-street: I was afterwards sent for to Bow-street; I was shewn a man, and asked if I knew him; I said I did not. I was then taken into another room, where there was the prisoner and another man; I knew the prisoner immediately; I had a hint not to say any thing to him, if I knew him. I was taken before the justice a little after, and saw him there, and knew him directly.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-21-person213"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person213" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person213" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at the apprehending of the prisoner, on Sunday the 6th of May. I found thirty-five balls in his pocket, and a quantity of powder.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all of the gentleman, upon my word. I knew nothing of it till I was taken up to the justice's. I have been at sea.</p>
<p>(The prisoner, in his defence, appeared to have a very great stammering in his speech.)</p>
<p>(He called one witness to prove that he was with him on the 23d of April, at the White Bear, Hammersmith, at about half past six in the evening; and that the witness went home at the expiration of two hours, and left the prisoner there; and to prove also, that he constantly stammered in his speech.)</p>
<p>To
<persName id="t17810530-21-person214"> Charles Jealous
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person214" type="surname" value="Jealous"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person214" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Was you in the office when the prisoner was examined? - I was.</p>
<p>In what manner did he give his answers? Did he speak stuttering and stammering? - Sometimes he stammered, sometimes he did not; he swore very plain.</p>
<p>Have you had conversation with him? - No farther than taking him that morning. He never stammered a bit then; but he stammered twice at the bar. When he speaks softly, he does not stammer at all.</p>
<p>If he was to stop a man upon the highway, do you think he would stammer then? - I cannot say: he never stammers when he speaks slow; he speaks plain then; but if he speaks quick, he stammers.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-21-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-21-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-verdict85" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17810530-21-punish86" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-21-punish86" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-21-defend208 t17810530-21-punish86"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>(He was humbly recommended by the prosecutor to his Majesty's mercy.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-21-person215"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person215" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person215" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-21-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-22">
<interp inst="t17810530-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-22-off87-c167" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-22-defend217 t17810530-22-off87 t17810530-22-verdict90"/>
<p>314.
<persName id="t17810530-22-defend217" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL DAVIS
<interp inst="t17810530-22-defend217" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-defend217" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-defend217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-22-off87" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-22-off87" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-off87" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a watch, with a silver case, value 40 s. and a steel watch chain, value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t17810530-22-victim219" type="victimName"> Andrew Elson
<interp inst="t17810530-22-victim219" type="surname" value="Elson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-victim219" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-victim219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-22-off87 t17810530-22-victim219"/> </persName> , privately, from the person of the said Andrew </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-22-cd88" type="crimeDate">March 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-22-off87 t17810530-22-cd88"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-22-person220"> ANDREW ELSON
<interp inst="t17810530-22-person220" type="surname" value="ELSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-person220" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 6th of March, between ten and eleven at night, I was at supper in a cellar in
<placeName id="t17810530-22-crimeloc89">Bridges-street, near Drury-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-crimeloc89" type="placeName" value="Bridges-street, near Drury-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-crimeloc89" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-22-off87 t17810530-22-crimeloc89"/>. The prisoner was there, and some others with him. They abused me, and called me a German dog, and began to push one another upon me, and hustle me about. The prisoner was the first man who began this: they struck me, and knocked me about, and continued to beat me in this manner for half an hour; and during that time, I lost my watch, for I am certain I had it in the cellar; and Davis and the other persons, who had behaved in that manner, were
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300018"/> there when I looked at it: whether he saw me look at it, I cannot say; I missed it within ten minutes after they let me alone. I said I had lost my watch: upon saying so, all, or the greatest part, of the persons in the cellar went away; there were ten or eleven people there.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Was you perfectly sober? - Yes: I went in with a friend of mine (a Mr. Taylor) he was there all the time; he is not here: the reason why my friend did not interpose to have them taken into custody was, he was so much beat that he was ill for fourteen days after. On the 5th of May, I met the prisoner alone in Prince's street, and saw the chain and key of my watch; there are two seals upon it, which are not mine: I immediately stopped him, and told him he had my watch, and he must go along with me; he neither denied nor admitted that it was my watch, but said, if it was mine, he would give it me directly. I took him to the house where the constable was, and then he took out the watch, and gave it to the constable.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-22-person221"> NICHOLAS LYNN
<interp inst="t17810530-22-person221" type="surname" value="LYNN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-person221" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I sold this watch to the prosecutor. I made it on purpose for him. The prisoner said to me, that if it was the prosecutor's watch, he might have it; he said he had bought the watch; he did not say of whom: he was impertinent to the justice, and that made the justice more severe, and insist upon Mr. Elson prosecuting him.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I bought it at Portsmouth, of a Jew pedlar, for two guineas.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-22-verdict90" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-22-verdict90" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-verdict90" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing the watch, but not guilty of stealing it privately from the person </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-22-punish91" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-22-punish91" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-22-punish91" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-22-defend217 t17810530-22-punish91"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-23">
<interp inst="t17810530-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23" type="year" value="1781"/>
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<interp inst="t17810530-23" type="date" value="17810530"/>
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<p>315.
<persName id="t17810530-23-defend223" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM IVES
<interp inst="t17810530-23-defend223" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-defend223" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-defend223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-23-off92" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-23-off92" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-off92" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17810530-23-victim225" type="victimName"> Alexander Wilson
<interp inst="t17810530-23-victim225" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-victim225" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-victim225" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-23-off92 t17810530-23-victim225"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17810530-23-cd93" type="crimeDate">12th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-23-off92 t17810530-23-cd93"/>, about the hour of six in the night, and stealing a Roman sword, with a carved wooden handle, value 10 s. and a base-metal mounted pistol, value 15 s. the property of the said Alexander, in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-23-person226"> ALEXANDER WILSON
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person226" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person226" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17810530-23-viclabel94" type="occupation">silversmith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-23-victim225 t17810530-23-viclabel94"/> in
<placeName id="t17810530-23-crimeloc95">Cecil-street, in the Strand</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-crimeloc95" type="placeName" value="Cecil-street, in the Strand"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-crimeloc95" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-23-off92 t17810530-23-crimeloc95"/>. My house was broke open on the 12th of January: I was out at the time; I did not return till between eleven and twelve o'clock. I left only a maid servant in the house when I went out. I went to bed as soon as I came home, and heard nothing of it, though I since find the maid then knew of it. There was a Roman sword, with a carved wooden handle, and a pistol, lost out of my parlour: there were two pistols hung in the parlour, but one dropped upon the floor, which I found next morning. The windows of the parlour look towards the street.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-23-person227"> ELIZABETH HANSON
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person227" type="surname" value="HANSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person227" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person227" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Wilson; he went out on the 12th of January, in the afternoon, before dark; I was left at home.</p>
<p>Were the doors shut up when he went out? - The door was upon the spring lock; I heard a kind of noise, like the motion of the sash; the sashes of the parlour were down; I was below in the kitchen; I immediately ran up stairs. This was the front parlour, and I was in the back kitchen, under the back parlour. When I heard the noise, I did not know where it was; I ran up stairs, and found the sash in the front parlour thrown open; I went down, and got a light. This was between five and six o'clock; it was quite dark. I found a sword and pistol taken away from the parlour, and one pistol was dropped in the parlour. A gentleman dined with my master, and my master went out with him.</p>
<p>Had you been in the parlour any time that afternoon? - I had.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300019"/>Was the sash down when you went out of the parlour? - It was.</p>
<p>Was any person in the house besides you? - A young woman called upon me, but she did not go into that room. I never left the house.</p>
<p>I suppose you was frightened? - I was not much frightened; I put the sash down, and then shut the shutters. My master went to bed immediately as he came home; I did not tell him of it till he saw it, because I thought somebody in the neighbourhood had done it to frighten me, and that I might hear something of it the next morning.</p>
<p>Was there any thing of value in the parlour, besides this sword and pistol? - Yes, there were some silver spoons, but they were in a cupboard; it was not locked, but the doors were shut. It was a very dark night.</p>
<p>Was any of the glass of the sash broke? - No.</p>
<p>Was the sash pinned down? - No, not that I know of.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-23-person228"> JOHN KIPPING
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person228" type="surname" value="KIPPING"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person228" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I apprehended the prisoner on the 7th of May, in what they call the New Cut, a new road that is made from the sign of the Happy Man to Battle Bridge, a little after ten at night, in company with another person; they were on one side the road, we on the other; they crossed over to us; we went to see if we could find any body who had been concerned in a footpad robbery, committed the night before.</p>
<p>They did not know you, I suppose? - If they had, they would not have come to us, I believe. I passed the first, and laid hold of the prisoner at the bar; I clapped my hand against his left breast, and said, Holloa! young fellow, what have you got here? I shifted my hands, to secure him; and he dropped this sword immediately, naked; afterwards he dropped the sheath: he dropped the sheath before I had well secured his hand; when he dropped the sword, I put my foot upon it immediately. He had no arms but that; it has been in my custody ever since.</p>
<p>(The sword was produced in court.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This is my sword; it belonged to General Melvin; he left it with me to make one for Lord Dunglass, as I have been in the army contract way; and I was to make one, at the same time, for General Melvin: he left it with me some time about the beginning of December; I had it as a pattern for Lord Dunglass; as this was a soft metal, not tempered, he wanted one that was tempered of good steel. I understood this was to be mine; I kept it as a curiosity: I suppose there is not such another in all England.</p>
<p>Was the pistol yours? - It was. I have never seen my pistol since.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-23-person229"> JONATHAN REDGRAVE
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person229" type="surname" value="REDGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person229" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was with Kipping when the prisoner was apprehended; I took the other man. I saw this sword fall from the prisoner's side, and afterwards I saw the scabbard drop.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am entirely innocent of the matter I now stand charged with. I went to take a walk; I saw this lying in the road, drawn, and the scabbard lying by the side of it, about three minutes before I was taken. I am as innocent as a child in its mother's womb.</p>
<p>Redgrave. He was examined three times; the two first times, he denied any knowledge of the sword, till the prosecutor came before the justice, and owned it; then he said, he found it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I had some witnesses last night, but they are not here now; they were
<persName id="t17810530-23-person230"> Thomas Rigg
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person230" type="surname" value="Rigg"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person230" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-23-person231"> William Rigg
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person231" type="surname" value="Rigg"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person231" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-23-person232"> John Mutton
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person232" type="surname" value="Mutton"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person232" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-23-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I never denied having the sword.</p>
<p>Kipping. I was present at his two examinations: he denied it at both times.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-23-verdict96" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-23-verdict96" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17810530-23-punish97" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-23-punish97" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-23-defend223 t17810530-23-punish97"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-24">
<interp inst="t17810530-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24" type="year" value="1781"/>
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<interp inst="t17810530-24" type="date" value="17810530"/>
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<p>316.
<persName id="t17810530-24-defend234" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH ROBE
<interp inst="t17810530-24-defend234" type="surname" value="ROBE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-defend234" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-defend234" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-24-off98" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-24-off98" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-off98" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a guinea, the property of
<persName id="t17810530-24-victim236" type="victimName"> William Fido
<interp inst="t17810530-24-victim236" type="surname" value="Fido"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-victim236" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-victim236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and half a guinea, and 9 s. 6 d. in monies numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17810530-24-victim238" type="victimName"> Eleanor Lackay
<interp inst="t17810530-24-victim238" type="surname" value="Lackay"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-victim238" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-victim238" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-24-viclabel99" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-24-victim238 t17810530-24-viclabel99"/>,
<rs id="t17810530-24-cd100" type="crimeDate">May the 11th.</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-24-off98 t17810530-24-cd100"/> </p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300020"/>
<persName id="t17810530-24-person239"> ELEANOR LACKAY
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person239" type="surname" value="LACKAY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person239" type="given" value="ELEANOR"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person239" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17810530-24-viclabel101" type="occupation">basket-woman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-24-victim238 t17810530-24-viclabel101"/>, at Covent-Garden. I am employed by Mr. Fido, who is
<rs id="t17810530-24-viclabel102" type="occupation">cook</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-24-victim236 t17810530-24-viclabel102"/> at the Temple. Last Saturday fortnight Mr. Fido gave me a guinea, to go to market with. I had half a guinea and 9 s. 6 d. of my own. I put all the money in a nutmeg grater, and put it upon the chimney-piece. The prisoner was my
<rs id="t17810530-24-deflabel103" type="occupation">landlady</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-24-defend234 t17810530-24-deflabel103"/>; I lived in the same house with her, in
<placeName id="t17810530-24-crimeloc104">Steward's Rents, Drury-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-crimeloc104" type="placeName" value="Steward's Rents, Drury-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-crimeloc104" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-24-off98 t17810530-24-crimeloc104"/>. I saw her take it; I told her, it was my master's money, to go to market to buy goods with. She went down stairs with the money, and fastened me in, with an hasp on the outside of my door. I made a noise; her husband came up, and undid the hasp. I told him, that she had taken my money; she might play the joke with somebody else; she should not play her jokes with me. She shut the door upon me, and would not make any answer, nor her husband, all night. I never got my money again.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-24-person240"> WILLIAM FIDO
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person240" type="surname" value="FIDO"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person240" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am chief cook of the Middle Temple. I gave the last witness a guinea to buy some goods. I was at the taking of the prisoner; I took her before the justice. She was examined; we found half a guinea and 3 s. 6 d. in her pocket. The husband was ordered out of the room, and the justice asked her, how she came by the money? She said, her husband gave it her, while they were at breakfast, at nine that morning. Then the prisoner was put on one side, and the husband was called in. The justice asked him, if he had given his wife any money that morning? He said, no, he had not given her a farthing that morning; nor could he trust her with a shilling; that she would pawn every thing he had.</p>
<p>Court. What her husband says is not evidence.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am very innocent of it.</p>
<p>To prosecutrix. Did you owe her any rent when the money was taken away? - No, I owed her nothing in the world.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-24-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-24-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-24-person241"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person241" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person241" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-24-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-25">
<interp inst="t17810530-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-25-off106-c186" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-defend242 t17810530-25-off106 t17810530-25-verdict109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-25-off106-c187" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-defend244 t17810530-25-off106 t17810530-25-verdict109"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300022"/> 317, 318.
<persName id="t17810530-25-defend242" type="defendantName"> BOYS ERRBURRILL
<interp inst="t17810530-25-defend242" type="surname" value="ERRBURRILL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-defend242" type="given" value="BOYS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-defend242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-25-defend244" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM IVES
<interp inst="t17810530-25-defend244" type="surname" value="IVES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-defend244" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-defend244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for
<rs id="t17810530-25-off106" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-25-off106" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-off106" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17810530-25-victim246" type="victimName"> Robert Johnson
<interp inst="t17810530-25-victim246" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-victim246" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-victim246" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-off106 t17810530-25-victim246"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person two halfpence in monies numbered, the property of the said Robert </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-25-cd107" type="crimeDate">May the 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-off106 t17810530-25-cd107"/>.</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person247"> ROBERT JOHNSON
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person247" type="surname" value="JOHNSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person247" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>About eleven o'clock at night, on the 6th of May, as I was coming from the Blue-coat Boy, in Islington Town, under the pales of the
<placeName id="t17810530-25-crimeloc108">Jubilee Gardens</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-crimeloc108" type="placeName" value="Jubilee Gardens"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-crimeloc108" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-off106 t17810530-25-crimeloc108"/>, three men crossed from the fields.
<persName id="t17810530-25-person2470">Boyser Burril
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person2470" type="surname" value="Burril"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person2470" type="given" value="Boyser"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person2470" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> held a cutlass to me; he blasted me, and struck me with it over my right hand: I thought at first my finger was cut off; I found afterwards it was only bruised. Then he clapped his left hand against my breast, and forced me down upon the ground, against the pales: he then put his left hand into my right-hand pocket, and took some money out. I looked him full in the face. He said, Blast your bloody eyes! I will cut your head off if you look at me: he got from my side, and unbuckled one of my shoes. I told him, they were plated buckles, but he was welcome to them; but begged he would not use me ill. He then came towards me again, with the hanger: they said, he would cut me if I looked at him; and they endeavoured to force my hat over my face, but it only covered my left eye. I kept looking at him; he stood up, towards my left foot, and I saw him receive the cloak from the other prisoner, who had robbed my wife: he clapped it between his knees.</p>
<p>How many of them were there? - At first there were three. The prisoner Boys was the first that came up upon the path to me, and
<persName id="t17810530-25-person248"> drew
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person248" type="given" value="drew"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the cutlass from his side.</p>
<p>Do you know the other man? - No; I only know the one that came first up to me: it was quite a bright moon-light night; the moon shone directly against the pales where I lay.</p>
<p>How long might they be with you? - Five or six minutes; I cannot say to a minute, but thereabouts.</p>
<p>Had you ever seen the prisoner Errburrill before? - Never, to my knowledge. I gave information the next morning; and he was taken on the Monday evening, the next day. I was with them when they took them; they were taken within 3 or 400 yards from the spot where I was robbed. I pointed out Errburrill to them, and said, he was the man that came up to me with a cutlass.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300023"/>Who was with you? - Redgrave, Dinmore, and Kipping. There was a ring and some money found upon him. He had a cutlass under his coat; the other had a sword, which he dropped from behind him; the constable clapped his foot on it, and I picked it up. I pointed to Errburrill, and said, he was the person that robbed me, and held the cutlass over me. Errburrill said something about having been in company with some common-councilmen overnight. I heard nothing more.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>You had been at different houses? - Only to one. I drank a glass of ale. I was not worse than I am now.</p>
<p>Perhaps better. - I was, perhaps, more in spirits to make a just remark; I was not in liquor; I never was drunk in my life. I cannot say but I was a little in fear at his holding a cutlass over me.</p>
<p>You were not quite so cool as you are now about it? - Yes, I was. I lost about 2 d. out of my right-hand breeches pocket: two or three of the halfpence, I am positive, were good. When he was before Justice Blackborough, he said he found the cutlass.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - At Battle-Bridge. I was going home.</p>
<p>Did you know the other prisoner before? - I have seen him in the neighbourhood before.</p>
<p>Did not you drink with him on the Monday morning, at a public-house? - No; at the time of the robbery I knew nothing of him.</p>
<p>Had you no conversation with these thief-takers? - None at all.</p>
<p>- JOHNSON sworn.</p>
<p>I was with my husband, returning from Islington, on the 6th of May, about eleven o'clock, by the pales of the
<persName id="t17810530-25-person249"> Jubilee Gardens
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person249" type="surname" value="Gardens"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person249" type="given" value="Jubilee"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person249" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> . We were attacked by three footpads: one of them came up, and pulled out a cutlass from underneath his coat, and held it to my husband; he went to strike my husband over the head, and he lifted up his hand. I cried out, Lord have mercy upon me! twice; and the other man came up to me, and put his hand before my mouth, and said, Blast your eyes! what do you make a noise for?</p>
<p>Who had the cutlass? - Boys Errburrill.</p>
<p>Are you certain to Ives? - Yes, I am, Ives pushed me down against the pales, and put his hand before my mouth.</p>
<p>Did you know either of the prisoners before? - I knew Ives when he was a boy.</p>
<p>Are you sure he was the man? - Yes.</p>
<p>Are you equally sure to the other? - I am clear of it; I saw his face before he came up to my husband: it was a very remarkable light night; the moon shone against the pales . I saw Errburrill come across the road; he came up to my husband, with a stiff attitude. I said, the instant they were gone, I should know their faces again.</p>
<p>What is your husband? - A cabinet maker. I have a family; I begged for my life, on account of my family.</p>
<p>Did you take notice of his clothes? - I cannot justly say; I know they were a dark colour. He had a round hat.</p>
<p>You knew Ives at the time? - I said, as soon as he was gone, I knew his face.</p>
<p>From Ives. Whether she mentioned to her husband, she had any knowledge of me on the Sunday night? - I thought I had knowledge of the face; I did not recollect where I had seen him, but I was clear I should know his face if I saw him again: I mentioned that before we were off the ground.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person250"> HENRY HIGGS
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person250" type="surname" value="HIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person250" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-25-person251"> Edward Button
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person251" type="surname" value="Button"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person251" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a bricklayer. On the 6th of May, taking a walk up the road, about eleven at night, I heard a woman's voice cry out, Murder! just against the pales of the bowling green. I walked up, and saw the prosecutor lay upon the ground, and a man with an hanger standing over him, and another alongside of him; one stood off in the road. When I came near, I heard one say, D - n your eyes, you bitch, turn out what you have got! When they saw me coming up, they ran off.</p>
<p>Did you know them? - No.</p>
<p>Did you take notice of them so as to know them again? - Yes: I saw them the next day, before they were taken.</p>
<p>How did you know they were the same men when you saw them the next day? -
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300024"/> Because I had a full view of their faces when they had Mr. Johnson and his wife down. I knew them again when I saw them at Sir John Fielding's office. I know they are two of the three men.</p>
<p>How near did they let you come to them when they were committing the robbery? - About the length of this room.</p>
<p>At that distance, could you see the face of two strangers, at night, so as to know them again? - Yes.</p>
<p>How long did you stand looking at them? - About two minutes.</p>
<p>Did they see you? - I do not know.</p>
<p>(On his cross-examination he said, he only had a side-view of their faces as they crossed the road; that when they were committing the robbery they stood with their backs to him, and their faces to the pales.)</p>
<p>Court. Was Johnson drunk or sober? - Sober.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person252"> JOHN KIPPING
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person252" type="surname" value="KIPPING"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person252" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 7th of this month the prosecutor called on me, in the morning, and told me he had been robbed over-night. In the evening two more constables, myself, and Mr. Johnson, took a walk over the fields; we went down what they call the New Cut, that goes across the two roads: the prosecutor was before me some distance; I and Redgrave were together; there was another constable behind us. The two prisoners crossed over to me and the other constable: I passed Errburrill, who was first, and laid hold of Ives; I clapped my hands on his sides, and said, Holloa, young fellow! what have you got here? I felt the handle of this (producing a sword) under his coat; it was drawn; it dropped down by my foot; I put my foot upon it, and after that he dropped this sheath. I called out; they came up, and Redgrave laid hold of Errburrill; the others came up, and we secured them. As soon as the prosecutor came up, he said to Redgrave, that is the man that robbed me last night, and had the cutlass. Redgrave said, he has got a cutlass now, for I felt it under his clothes. The prosecutor came up to me, and took the sword from under my foot, and stood by while they were tied together.</p>
<p>Cross-examination.</p>
<p>Had Johnson described the clothes the men were in before? - He said, dark-coloured clothes. He said, he should know the person again that stood over him with a cutlass.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person253"> JONATHAN REDGRAVE
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person253" type="surname" value="REDGRAVE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person253" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went with the prosecutor, and the other constables, in pursuit of the persons that had robbed him: I saw them first, leaning on the rails; the prosecutor crossed the road, and crossed upon them, and came up to us; I secured Errburrill, and found this cutlass upon him (producing it.) The prosecutor knew Errburrill immediately; he said, that was the man who stood over him with a cutlass: I said, he has one now under his coat.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person254"> JOHN DINMORE
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person254" type="surname" value="DINMORE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person254" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went out with the other two constables; we met with the two prisoners in the New Cut, the New Road; I was rather behind; when I came up to them, they had laid hold of each of them. I saw the two instruments they had got. We tied their hands together.</p>
<p>To Kipping. You keep a public-house, I understand? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did Johnson drink at your house that morning? - He called in the morning, and told me he had been robbed.</p>
<p>Was any body in company with him at that time? - Ives was in the house.</p>
<p>Was he drinking at your house with either of the prisoners? - Ives was drinking with some people; I do not know that the prosecutor was with him. There had been fight, and they were come in from the fight.</p>
<p>Did Ives and he speak together? - Not that I know of.</p>
<p>Did they see each other? - Yes, they certainly did. He must see him, I should think, however.</p>
<p>Jury. Have you been acquainted with
<persName id="t17810530-25-person255"> Johnson
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person255" type="given" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> any time? - He has called at my house, as he came by, several times; but I never knew his name till after the robbery.</p>
<p>Errburrill. I leave my defence to my counsel.</p>
<p>IVES's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have nothing to say.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300025"/>For Errburrill.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person256"> ANN COLLET
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person256" type="surname" value="COLLET"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person256" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person256" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Shoe-lane. My husband is a peruke-maker.</p>
<p>Do you recollect seeing Boys Errburrill at your house? - Yes, on the Sunday night, the day before he was taken up, he came to my house, about half after seven; he did not come in; he asked for my daughter. I told him, she was not at home. He asked, whether she was gone down towards Fleet-street? he said, he would go and try to see her. He returned in five or six minutes; he said, he had not seen her: he went away, and came again exactly as the clock struck eight. The girl was come home, and he came indoors with her, and went out with her a little before nine; and returned, as nigh as I can recollect, about a quarter before ten o'clock. There was a young man sat facing my door, in liquor; he went with him up into Hatton-garden, to assist him home. The prisoner, and a Mr. Roberts, the master of the young man, came back to my door again; he staid then till about three-quarters after ten, or near eleven o'clock; it was past ten when he came in.</p>
<p>Did Roberts stay any time with him? - He went away directly: my daughter was at home all the time.</p>
<p>Which way did he go? - Towards Fleet-street: he lives beside the Fleet-market.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person257"> ANN COLLET
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person257" type="surname" value="COLLET"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person257" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person257" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am daughter of the last witness. I came home a little before eight on the 6th of May; the prisoner met me at the door, as the clock struck eight; he came into the shop, and gave me a nosegay out of his bosom; I put it in water. We went to take a walk, and returned about a quarter before nine; then he went home with this drunken man, to his master's; afterwards he came back, and sat with me, by the fire, till St. Paul's and St. Sepulchre's went three-quarters after ten; I counted them both.</p>
<p>Court. He came frequently to you? - About a fortnight before.</p>
<p>Did you take particular notice of the time he came on the other nights? - No, I did not.</p>
<p>How came you to count the clock that night in particular? - I was sitting at the door; I asked a person, what was o'clock? she said, she did not know; and immediately I heard the clock strike.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person258"> JOHN ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person258" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person258" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a coal-shed, in Shoe-lane. Our man was sitting drunk on the steps; we took him to Hatton-garden, and the prisoner and I came back together to Mr. Collet's door; that was after ten o'clock.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person259"> JOHN PERKINS
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person259" type="surname" value="PERKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person259" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman; my stand is in Shoe-lane, the corner of the White Swan. On Sunday, the 6th of May, when I called ten o'clock, I opened my box, and heard the half-hour chimes at St. Paul's; I went into Collet's shop; the young man was sitting on one side of the fire, and
<persName id="t17810530-25-person260"> Nancy Collet
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person260" type="surname" value="Collet"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person260" type="given" value="Nancy"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> on the other side; I staid there six or eight minutes, and left him there, and saw no more of him.</p>
<p>Do you know the New Cut made from Battle-bridge to White Conduit-house? - I can't say I know much about that.</p>
<p>How far may it be from Shoe-lane? - It may be best part of a mile; I cannot pretend to be a judge.</p>
<p>Jury. It is about a mile and an half.</p>
<p>- MAY sworn.</p>
<p>My husband is a watch-maker; he is Errburrill's master. I let him in on the Sunday night before he was taken up, at about a quarter before eleven, I believe; we generally go to bed about eleven. I bid him go to bed. I locked the door, and took the key; I chained the door, and bolted the windows; just after, I heard St. Paul's strike eleven. I had the watch in my hand, and looked to see if it was right, before I hung it up.</p>
<p>Was your husband at home at the time? - Yes, he was.</p>
<p>BOYS MAY sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watch-maker; Boys is my apprentice; he was christened after me. On the 6th of May he came in before eleven. Mrs.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300026"/> May had a watch in her hand; she said, the clock was striking eleven. I was smoking a pipe; I put it down, and went to bed immediately. He has lived with me five years last April. He is very honest; I have trusted him to take large sums. I always found him very honest.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Before Justice Blackborough, this witness said he knew nothing of his coming home; that he went to bed at half after eleven. - [May. I said no such thing. On the Monday night he had staid out all night; on the Tuesday morning, going by Clerkenwell-church, I saw my boy, with a parcel of men, that, I supposed, had taken him up. I was greatly surprised, and very much flurried. I went with them before the justice, who asked me if I could say what time he came home? I said, I could not tell whether it was eleven, or half after eleven; but my wife let him in, and could tell particularly. I was so flurried, I could not tell what I said, or did. I had not had any intimation that he was taken up.</p>
<p>Kipping. When he saw the lad, he said, This is no wonder at all; I told you what you would come to, when you lay-out four or five nights at a time: now he says, he never knew any thing amiss of him.</p>
<p>Counsel. I ask you again, was he an honest boy? - Yes; I would trust him with untold gold, if I had him home now.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person261"> GEORGE MACAULEY
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person261" type="surname" value="MACAULEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person261" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a fellow-apprentice to Boys; I remember his coming home that night: he spoke to me as he came up stairs; after that the clock struck eleven.</p>
<p>(Errburrill called six other witnesses, who gave him a good character.)</p>
<p>For Ives.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person262"> ELIZABETH HERBERT
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person262" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person262" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person262" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 6th of May I was all day in his apartment, in Cow-cross; where we had a fillet of veal and summer cabbages for dinner. I dined with him, drank tea, and supped with him; we supped about half after eight; I staid till past ten, and then he and his wife went out with me, to my brother's; she went out for a pot of beer, and it was about half after ten when she came in.</p>
<p>Where did they go with you to? - To my brother's,
<persName id="t17810530-25-person263"> James Roberts
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person263" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person263" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , three doors from their own house. The watchman went by, half after ten, as we were drinking a pot of beer; and they staid some time after.</p>
<p>You are sure his wife went for the beer? - Yes.</p>
<p>How long did he stay after drinking the pot of beer? - I cannot say to five or six minutes; he staid some time after drinking the beer.</p>
<p>Was any other person in company? - Nobody, but my brother and his wife. My brother came in, and staid till half past ten; and then we went all together to his house.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person264"> JAMES HERBERT
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person264" type="surname" value="HERBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person264" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at No. 52, Cow-Cross street. Ives lives about three doors off; I called at his house on the 6th of May, twenty-five minutes before nine, and was in his house till the watch went ten; then I came out. When I went in, he said, it was nine o'clock; I said, no; I pulled out my watch, and said, it wanted twenty-five minutes of it.</p>
<p>What time did his wife come in? - She was in there when I went in.</p>
<p>Was any body else there? - Yes, my brother and his wife.</p>
<p>At what time did your brother and his wife go home? - They lay at my house all night. I asked Ives to go home with them to my house, to sup with me; he insisted upon having a pot of beer.</p>
<p>Did your brother and sister go to sup with you? - Yes.</p>
<p>What time did you sup? - At a little better than half past ten.</p>
<p>How long did they stay after supper? - Perhaps an hour, or more; perhaps not quite so much.</p>
<p>Did you sit till half past eleven? - My brother and his wife, and my wife and I did: Ives went about half after ten; he had supped before, on salmon, at his own apartment. Ives's wife sent for a pot of beer, to drink, before they went. I have known Ives three or four years.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300027"/>What is his character? - As to his character, I can say nothing of it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-25-person265"> MARY MOTLOW
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person265" type="surname" value="MOTLOW"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person265" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-person265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in the same house with Ives. My husband is a shoe-maker. Ives belongs to the watch business. On the 6th of May, I was there, from dinner time till the watch went eleven at night; he was not twenty minutes out of my company all the time; then he went to a neighbour's house.</p>
<p>At what time did he come from the neighbour's house? - At about half after ten.</p>
<p>What time did they go there? - After the watch went ten; I cannot say to a few minutes.</p>
<p>What became of Ives after they came home? - His wife and he went to bed: when I saw them both in bed, I heard the watch go eleven.</p>
<p>(Ives called three other witnesses; who gave him a good character.)</p>
<p>BOTH
<rs id="t17810530-25-verdict109" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-25-verdict109" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-25-verdict109" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17810530-25-punish110" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-25-punish110" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-defend242 t17810530-25-punish110"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-25-defend244 t17810530-25-punish110"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>(They were humbly recommended, by the jury, to his Majesty's mercy.)</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-26">
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<p>319.
<persName id="t17810530-26-defend267" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL DAVIS
<interp inst="t17810530-26-defend267" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-defend267" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-defend267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-26-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-26-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a watch, the inside-case base-metal, the outside nours-skin, value 40 s. a steel watch-chain, value 2 s. a stone seal set in gold, value 20 s. and a base-metal key, value 1 d. the property of
<persName id="t17810530-26-victim269" type="victimName"> Duncan Campbell
<interp inst="t17810530-26-victim269" type="surname" value="Campbell"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-victim269" type="given" value="Duncan"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-victim269" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-26-off111 t17810530-26-victim269"/> </persName> , privately, from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-26-cd112" type="crimeDate">February 26th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-26-off111 t17810530-26-cd112"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-26-person270"> DUNCAN CAMPBELL
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person270" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person270" type="given" value="DUNCAN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I
<rs id="t17810530-26-viclabel113" type="occupation">belong to the fifty-ninth regiment</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-26-victim269 t17810530-26-viclabel113"/>, but have raised an independent company now. On the 26th of February, I went to Miss Catley's benefit at
<placeName id="t17810530-26-crimeloc114">Covent-Garden play-house</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-crimeloc114" type="placeName" value="Covent-Garden play-house"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-crimeloc114" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-26-off111 t17810530-26-crimeloc114"/>. I missed my watch in the play-house; I had it in my pocket when I went out to the play. There was a great croud.</p>
<p>Might it drop out of your pocket? - I think not. The day before yesterday I was directed to go to the Rotation-Office in Litchfield-street: I went there, and saw my watch in the hands of Macdonald.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-26-person271"> DENNIS MACDONALD
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person271" type="surname" value="MACDONALD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person271" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am one of the Officers at the Rotation Office. Yarnold took the prisoner. I found the pawnbroker's duplicate of the watch upon a girl in the room, who was connected with Davis. The watch was pawned at a pawnbroker's in St. Martin's lane: he is not here. Finding no owner for the watch, the duplicate and things were delivered to the girl again, and they were discharged. This gentleman came to me, to see if I could find the watch again: that was last Tuesday. I went and took the girl, and found the watch upon her.</p>
<p>(It was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-26-person272"> BENJAMIN YARNOLD
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person272" type="surname" value="YARNOLD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person272" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-26-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know nothing of this watch. I have a seal I took off the watch the man was tried for last; that was on the fifth of May: he was brought in custody to me; then I searched him; he gave me the watch out of his pocket; there were two seals to it (producing one of them): it has been in my custody ever since.</p>
<p>Macdonald. I found both the watches in the girl's pocket: when I took her last, she had a silver watch, and a duplicate of a metal watch, in her pocket.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-26-verdict115" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-26-verdict115" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<p>320.
<persName id="t17810530-27-defend274" type="defendantName"> ANN OWEN
<interp inst="t17810530-27-defend274" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-defend274" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-defend274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-27-off116" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-27-off116" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-off116" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a mahogany tea-chest, value 4 s. and two silver tea-spoons, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-27-victim276" type="victimName"> Richard Upjohn
<interp inst="t17810530-27-victim276" type="surname" value="Upjohn"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-victim276" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-victim276" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-27-off116 t17810530-27-victim276"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-27-cd117" type="crimeDate">May 20th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-27-off116 t17810530-27-cd117"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-27-person277"> RICHARD UPJOHN
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person277" type="surname" value="UPJOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person277" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Sunday se'nnight, I lost a mahogany tea-chest, and two silver tea-spoons, out of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300028"/> my lodging,
<placeName id="t17810530-27-crimeloc118">No. 11, Dean-street, Red-lion square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-crimeloc118" type="placeName" value="No. 11, Dean-street, Red-lion square"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-crimeloc118" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-27-off116 t17810530-27-crimeloc118"/>. My wife was below stairs; I heard the dog bark; I saw the prisoner go out, and followed her: she was brought back; the tea-chest was in her hand, and the spoons in her pocket.</p>
<p>How came she in your room? - I do not know: she was quite a stranger: my wife was below, and left the door open; I was in the room asleep on the bed at the time.</p>
<p>Was you present at the justice's at the time she was carried there? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did not you say at the justice's, you neither wanted or meant to prosecute, as you had recovered the goods, and had them in your possession? - The justice said I must prosecute.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-27-person278"> ANN UPJOHN
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person278" type="surname" value="UPJOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person278" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person278" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of the prosecutor. On Sunday se'nnight my husband lay down on the bed: I had an acquaintance in the room; my child wanted to go down stairs with her. I bid her take the child down, and I would come and fetch her up: I went down after her, and hearing the dog bark, I thought it was my husband's brother had come in. I went to see, and a woman went out: the child said the dog barked at her; but not thinking she had been in my room, I went up stairs, and missed a tea-chest. I went into the next room: they said I had better go after her: I said I could not run then, the fright had seized me so; but if they would run after her, I would follow them as fast as I could. By this time it was about a quarter of an hour after I saw her go out: we went after her, and at the top of Red-lion street, I saw her with something in her apron; I walked behind her; she stopped till I passed her; I then pulled her apron down, and saw the tea-chest; I brought her back, and called my husband; he took her up stairs, and found the spoons in her pocket: she said a man gave them to her in Holborn.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I met a woman in Holborn, who gave me the tea-chest and the spoons.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-27-verdict119" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-27-verdict119" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-27-person279"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person279" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person279" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-27-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-27-punish120" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-27-punish120" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-27-defend274 t17810530-27-punish120"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-28">
<interp inst="t17810530-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-28-off121-c219" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-28-defend281 t17810530-28-off121 t17810530-28-verdict125"/>
<p>321.
<persName id="t17810530-28-defend281" type="defendantName"> SUSANNAH CLARK
<interp inst="t17810530-28-defend281" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-defend281" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-defend281" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-28-off121" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-28-off121" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-off121" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing four silk handkerchiefs, value 8 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-28-victim283" type="victimName"> John Stoney
<interp inst="t17810530-28-victim283" type="surname" value="Stoney"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-victim283" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-victim283" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-28-off121 t17810530-28-victim283"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-28-cd122" type="crimeDate">May the 22d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-28-off121 t17810530-28-cd122"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-28-person284"> JOHN STONEY
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person284" type="surname" value="STONEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person284" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an
<rs id="t17810530-28-viclabel123" type="occupation">hosier and haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-28-victim283 t17810530-28-viclabel123"/> in
<placeName id="t17810530-28-crimeloc124">Broad St. Giles's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-crimeloc124" type="placeName" value="Broad St. Giles's"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-crimeloc124" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-28-off121 t17810530-28-crimeloc124"/>. I know nothing of the fact myself.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-28-person285"> MARY STONEY
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person285" type="surname" value="STONEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person285" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person285" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife of
<persName id="t17810530-28-person286"> John Stoney
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person286" type="surname" value="Stoney"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person286" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar came into our shop last Tuesday was week, between ten and eleven o'clock in the morning, to buy a silk handkerchief; I shewed her several pieces. I was in the shop, by myself. She agreed for one, for 4 s. and, just as I was cutting it off, she put her hand into her pocket, as I imagined, for her money, to pay me; and, instead of money, she took out a handful of snuff, and rubbed my face all over with it; she rubbed it in my eyes and mouth; then she took the remainder of the piece of handkerchiefs.</p>
<p>Did you see her? - My eyes were blinded; as soon as I opened my eyes, she was between the shop door and counter. The piece of handkerchiefs catched on the latch of the shop door, and the spikes of the kitchen window. I ran out, snuffy as I was, and begged of the people to stop her. She left the handkerchiefs behind her, hanging on the kitchen window, I believe.</p>
<p>Are you sure the prisoner is the person? - I am quite sure.</p>
<p>What became of the handkerchief that was cut off? - That was, all over snuff, on the counter.</p>
<p>What was the value of the handkerchiefs? - Two shillings a-piece. A person picked the handkerchiefs up; but he went away: the handkerchiefs remained on the spikes.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am a married woman, and am six months gone with child: my husband is a weaver.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called her father and mother-in-law, who gave her a good character.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-28-verdict125" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-28-verdict125" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-28-punish126" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-28-punish126" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-28-punish126" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-28-defend281 t17810530-28-punish126"/> B </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-29">
<interp inst="t17810530-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-29-off127-c224" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-29-defend288 t17810530-29-off127 t17810530-29-verdict131"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300029"/>322.
<persName id="t17810530-29-defend288" type="defendantName"> SARAH HOWARD
<interp inst="t17810530-29-defend288" type="surname" value="HOWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-defend288" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-defend288" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-29-off127" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-29-off127" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-off127" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a watch, the inside case silver, outside shagreen </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17810530-29-victim290" type="victimName"> Frances Scott
<interp inst="t17810530-29-victim290" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-victim290" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-victim290" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-29-off127 t17810530-29-victim290"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-29-viclabel128" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-29-victim290 t17810530-29-viclabel128"/>,
<rs id="t17810530-29-cd129" type="crimeDate">May the 24th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-29-off127 t17810530-29-cd129"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-29-person291"> FRANCES SCOTT
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person291" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person291" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person291" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a widow, and
<rs id="t17810530-29-viclabel130" type="occupation">stitch stays for the stay-makers</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-29-victim290 t17810530-29-viclabel130"/>. I employed the prisoner five or six months. I never catched her doing any thing wrong before the 24th of May; then I missed my silver watch out of a mahogany case over the chimney-piece in the fore parlour.</p>
<p>Was that the room you used to work in? - No: she asked the favour to let her entertain some friends to dine with her that day, the 24th: I gave her leave. The door was locked. I gave her the key, to lay the cloth. She was in the room about five minutes, between two and three o'clock. She had a leg of mutton boiled, at my expence. She came out of the room into the back room, put the key in her pocket, and said she was going for some capers to the mutton. She went out, and staid above half an hour. I was a little surprised that her company did not come, nor she return. I looked for the key of the door. I could not find it. Then I opened another door that goes into the room. I immediately missed my watch.</p>
<p>How long before had you seen the watch in the mahogany case, in the parlour? - Four or five minutes. I had but just come out, and locked the door, when I gave the key to her. I called my women down I had at work, and desired them to go round to the neighbouring pawnbrokers, to get them to stop it, if she offered to pawn it.
<persName id="t17810530-29-person292"> Thomas Brown
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person292" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person292" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> has the watch.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-29-person293"> THOMAS BROWN
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person293" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person293" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-29-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker. On the 24th of May, between three and four o'clock, a watch was offered me to pawn by the prisoner.</p>
<p>How far is your house from Mrs. Scott's? - About three or four hundred yards. She then said her name was King. I never saw her before, but I can swear to her person. I asked her whose watch it was. She said it was not her own, that it belonged to one Mrs. Smith, in Drury-lane. I had some suspicion of her. I sent the boy with her to Mrs. Smith's. The prosecutrix's woman found the boy, and the woman came to our house.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have no witnesses but God and your honours. If I had meant to steal it, I would not have pawned it so near hand. I had an acquaintance to bring me some money on Sunday. I wanted a little before hand. I did not mean to wrong her of it.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-29-verdict131" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-29-verdict131" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
<rs id="t17810530-29-punish132" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-29-punish132" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-29-defend288 t17810530-29-punish132"/> Imp. 6 Months </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-30">
<interp inst="t17810530-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-30-off133-c229" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-30-defend295 t17810530-30-off133 t17810530-30-verdict136"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-30-off133-c230" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-30-defend297 t17810530-30-off133 t17810530-30-verdict138"/>
<p>323, 324.
<persName id="t17810530-30-defend295" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HOLLIDAY
<interp inst="t17810530-30-defend295" type="surname" value="HOLLIDAY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-defend295" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-defend295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-30-defend297" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SHERBURD
<interp inst="t17810530-30-defend297" type="surname" value="SHERBURD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-defend297" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-defend297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for
<rs id="t17810530-30-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-30-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they, in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17810530-30-victim299" type="victimName"> John Phillips
<interp inst="t17810530-30-victim299" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-victim299" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-victim299" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-30-off133 t17810530-30-victim299"/> </persName> feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silk purse, value 6 d. a guinea, and a watch with a gold case, value 10 l. a gold watch-chain, value 3 l. two seals set in gold, value 3 l. and two shillings in monies numbered, the property of the said John </rs>,
<rs id="t17810530-30-cd134" type="crimeDate">May the 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-30-off133 t17810530-30-cd134"/>.</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<p>Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-30-person300"> JOHN PHILLIPS
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person300" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person300" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Sunday night, the 6th of May, I was coming from Clapton near Hackney, to town, in a coach, at about nine o'clock. It was moon-light. Coming by
<placeName id="t17810530-30-crimeloc135">Bethnal-green</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-crimeloc135" type="placeName" value="Bethnal-green"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-crimeloc135" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-30-off133 t17810530-30-crimeloc135"/>, two men rode up to the coach; the man on the right-hand stopped the coachman, the man on the left rode up to the side of the coach that I sat on, and was going to open the door; upon which I let down the glass. He presented a pistol, and asked for my purse. I gave it him. There were a guinea and three or four shillings in it. He then asked for my watch. I did not give it him immediately.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300030"/> He bid me make haste, he must have it. I then gave it him. It was a gold watch in a single case. There was likewise a gold chain, two seals set in gold, and a gold key. They rode off immediately.</p>
<p>How long were they about this? - About two or three minutes; not longer. The man on the right-hand I could not see: the man on the left's face was so hid, I could see little of him: he had a great coat over his chin, a hat flapped over his face, and a large handkerchief round his neck. I could not distinguish them. I looked out of the coach, and saw two men ride down the lane. My servant brought a man to me, who said he knew these two men I saw ride down the lane. I then told him I had just been robbed.</p>
<p>What is that man's name? -
<persName id="t17810530-30-person301"> George Haley
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person301" type="surname" value="Haley"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person301" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I think, he calls himself. He was a stranger to me; I never saw him before. I asked him if he would go with me to Justice Sherwood's office: I took him into the coach with me, and we went down to the office; and Justice Sherwood sent two men with that man to watch for these men. In the morning I heard they were both taken.</p>
<p>Can you describe the person that was on your side, his stature, or his clothes? - He had a very large great-coat on, buttoned over his face; it was rather a dark colour, I think. He appeared to me rather a square man, of large features; I saw very plain that he had a very large nose. I thought he was a little marked with the small-pox.</p>
<p>You did not make any observations on the other? - No; I could not: I did not see his face. I was alone in the coach; it was my own coach; and I had a servant behind.</p>
<p>Was any thing found on the men? - No.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Were the coachman and footman both sober? - The footman is a sober man; I cannot say much for the coachman.</p>
<p>Was he sober that night? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>He is often in liquor? - So often, that I can hardly distinguish when he is and when he is not.</p>
<p>Could you see how the other man was dressed? - In a light great coat: I only saw his back. When they came to the Justice's, there was a number of people attending for one of the prisoners, to prove he was at a public-house at the time.</p>
<p>You did not observe any thing about the horses? - Nothing at all. I have had the coachman six months; he is a very good coachman; he drives as we I drunk as sober.</p>
<p>He has not heard his character? - He knows it very well: that is the character I had with him, though he was recommended as a very good coachman.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person302"> FRANCIS WHITEFIELD
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person302" type="surname" value="WHITEFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person302" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Sunday the 6th of this month, I was driving my master home from Clapton to Bethnal-green. I was stopped by two men that were riding on the road: one of them clapped a pistol before the horses heads, and made me stop directly; and after that made me look over the horses heads, not to look back.</p>
<p>Did you make any observations on the person or dress of the man? - He was a moderate-sized man; a pretty fair complexion. It was a very light night: he had a great coat on, and a handkerchief round his neck; but, being in confusion, I did not take notice of his dress. He went from me, and threatened the footman behind, and made him hold down his head. The other went and opened the door, and threatened my master very much, and bid him be quick. They turned round, and went as if they were going to Old Ford, behind the carriage.</p>
<p>How long were they doing this? - Not above a minute.</p>
<p>You cannot swear to either of the persons? - Perhaps I can: (pointing to Holliday) that is the man that threatened my life.</p>
<p>You say, the business was only one minute in performing; will you take upon yourself to swear to the person of a man you saw only for the space of a minute, and never saw before; and under the terror of the robbery? - I mean to speak nothing but the truth.</p>
<p>Was you perfectly sober, or drunk? - I was perfectly sober; I am clear of it.</p>
<p>Had you been at a public-house at Clapton that afternoon? - There is no one can say they saw me there.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300031"/>Had you been at one? - I had not.</p>
<p>You had had no strong liquors of any kind? - No, I had not; I had nothing but some small beer.</p>
<p>Did you make any accurate observations upon the man, so as to be able to swear to him so positively? - I am certain he was the man.</p>
<p>You was in a flurry at the time? - No, I was not.</p>
<p>Cross-examination.</p>
<p>How came you to be so sober on that day, more than any other day in the year? - I do not know that I was remarkably sober.</p>
<p>You are apt to be remarkably drunk. - If I had been a drunken servant, I should not have staid so long in my place as I have.</p>
<p>Your master gives a different account of you; he says, you are a drunken servant. - My master don't know when I am drunk or sober.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person303"> JAMES PENRY
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person303" type="surname" value="PENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person303" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was behind my master's coach, coming from Clapton. Two men stopped the coach; one came up to my master; what he said, I cannot tell: the other came up to me, and bid me turn my face the other way, or he would blow my brains out. He went to the coachman, and said the same to him. My master did not deliver directly. The man that pointed the pistol to me, went and opened the other door, and d - ned and swore, why did not he make haste? Then they rode off; as they went off, one of them pointed a pistol to me, and swore, if I rode after him, he would blow my brains out. I went back about twenty yards, and met a man and woman. I asked them if they saw two men ride by? The man made answer, Yes; and said, he knew them both. I brought him to the carriage, to my master; at the carriage door he said, one was
<persName id="t17810530-30-person304"> Thomas Holliday
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person304" type="surname" value="Holliday"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person304" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the other
<persName id="t17810530-30-person305"> William Sherburd
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person305" type="surname" value="Sherburd"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person305" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Do you know what that man's name is? - Yes;
<persName id="t17810530-30-person306"> George Haley
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person306" type="surname" value="Haley"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person306" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : he went into the carriage with my master: the coach stopped in Whitechapel, and he got out, and went to Sherburd's father; what to do, I cannot tell. I know no farther of that.</p>
<p>Can you speak to either of the persons that robbed your master? - Yes;
<persName id="t17810530-30-person307"> Thomas Holliday
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person307" type="surname" value="Holliday"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person307" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was the person that pointed the pistol to me: he had a great coat on.</p>
<p>Did it not come over his chin? - No.</p>
<p>Was his hat flapped? - A little.</p>
<p>Do you take upon you to swear that is the man? - I am certain; I saw his face enough to know him.</p>
<p>Did you observe the other? - He had a brown coat; I could not see his face. That was the man that took the money.</p>
<p>The man that pointed the pistol to you had a great-coat on? - Yes; it was of a light colour. I did not observe whether he had a handkerchief about his neck, or not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person308"> GEORGE HAYLAND
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person308" type="surname" value="HAYLAND"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person308" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>To Penry. Is that the man you mean by
<persName id="t17810530-30-person309"> George Haley
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person309" type="surname" value="Haley"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person309" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - Yes.</p>
<p>Hayland. On the 6th of May I was in company with a young woman, coming across Bethnal-green. I saw the two prisoners on horseback; they passed me, and I looked them full in the face, and said, There you go, Billy. The gentleman's servants hearing me say that, came up to me, and asked me if I saw two men pass me on horseback? I said, Yes. He said, Do you know them? I innocently said, I do. The gentleman, hearing me say that to the servant, asked me, if I knew them? I said, I knew them very well; they were two neighbours of mine; and mentioned their names. The gentleman desired me to go into his carriage, till information was made; which I was very 1oth to do.</p>
<p>What are you? - I work in the aqua fortis and vitriol business. I have known Sherburd from a child; I never knew any harm of him.</p>
<p>The prosecutor took you in his carriage, and then stoppeed in Whitechapel? - Yes, I went down to Sherburd's father's house; I asked his father, if William was at home? He asked me what I wanted with him? I said, he had done a thing at Bethnal-green, he should not have done; that he and
<persName id="t17810530-30-person310"> Thomas Holliday
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person310" type="surname" value="Holliday"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person310" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had robbed a gentleman. I then went with the gentleman to Justice Sherwood's, and gave information of the two persons names. I did not see them stop the gentleman's carriage, nor did I see them rob
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300032"/> him. Justice Sherwood's clerk sent two or three of his men to watch for them. I went with them to Whitechapel, where I live; but did not go with them, to take them. When they were taken, Holliday sent for me, and said, he wanted to speak to me; and, when I came up to him, he knocked me down.</p>
<p>How far might they be from the coachman when you met them? - About twelve yards from the coach.</p>
<p>Were any other people riding upon the road at that time? - I saw no other.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person311"> SAMUEL YARDLFY
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person311" type="surname" value="YARDLFY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person311" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I belong to Justice Wilmot's office. Mr. Sherwood's people called me out of bed on Sunday night, the 6th of May, and acquainted me they had had an information of a robbery on Bethnal-green; they asked me if I knew such people, mentioning the names of Holliday and Sherburd: I told them I had known them both some years. We went and waited by Holliday's house till half after three in the morning; and then we went to refresh ourselves: we saw nobody go in or out during that time.</p>
<p>Who was in your company? -
<persName id="t17810530-30-person312"> John Farrel
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person312" type="surname" value="Farrel"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person312" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17810530-30-person313"> John Mason
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person313" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person313" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Is Holliday an house-keeper? - I believe he is; the house is in the Willow-walk, I believe they call it, near Bethnal green. We came again about six o'clock, and planted ourselves at each end of the walk, and waited for his coming home. I was reading a news-paper in a neighbouring public-house, and saw him come home, on horseback, about a quarter before eight. As soon as he alighted from his horse, I apprehended him, in his own yard. I left him in custody of Farrell, and searched the house: I found nothing but some powder, in a piece of paper. He asked me to go with him to Sherburd's father. Going along, this young man was coming by. Holliday struck at him, and hit him a blow on his face: he asked him what that was for? he said, For going to Sherburd's father that night. We went to Sherburd's father; he said, he knew where Sherburd was, and sent for him; his sister fetched him. I said, he must go before the justice likewise. I took them to Sherwood's, with the assistance of Farrell; and they were committed.</p>
<p>Sherburd's witnesses appeared before the justice, to prove where he was that night? - Yes, I believe about three of them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person314"> John Farrel
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person314" type="surname" value="Farrel"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person314" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed the evidence of Yardley, as to the taking of the prisoners.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person315"> John Mason
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person315" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person315" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed the evidence of Yardley and Farrel.</p>
<p>Holliday. I leave my defence to my counsel.</p>
<p>Sherburd. I leave it all to my counsel.</p>
<p>For HOLLIDAY.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person316"> ANN COVINGTON
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person316" type="surname" value="COVINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person316" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person316" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was a servant to a Mr. Swaine, in Little Britain. On Sunday the 6th of May, I was at Holliday's house in Prince's Row, Whitechapel. I went there about six in the evening, and staid there till about half after nine; then I went away: he was at home all the time; he talked of having his supper, when I went away, and going to bed: the supper things were set: they wanted me to stay supper.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person317"> ELIZABETH GRETHAM
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person317" type="surname" value="GRETHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person317" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person317" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I go out a nursing. I live in Thomas Holliday's house. On Sunday the 6th of May, I came home between eight and nine o'clock: I went up to bed about nine o'clock: Holliday was at home when I came home; I heard his voice in the house after I was in bed. About half after nine; he sent his wife up to know if I would have any thing to eat; I said I was very ill, and wanted nothing but rest.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person318"> JOHN GRETHAM
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person318" type="surname" value="GRETHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person318" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Holliday. I was at home on Sunday the 6th in the evening, from nine o'clock till very near ten: he was at home all that time.</p>
<p>(Two witnesses were called, who proved that the horse Holliday rode when he was taken, was delivered to him that morning; and six other witnesses gave him a good character, one of whom added, that the coachman told him, that if he could have some recompence from Holliday, he would not hurt him; but he would sham sick, or shuffle in court.)</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300033"/>For SHERBURD.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person319"> GEORGE VOWELL
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person319" type="surname" value="VOWELL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person319" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Sherburd since Christmas. I saw him at the Blue Anchor, Whitechapel, upon Sunday evening the 6th: I went out, and returned about eight, and then Sherburd was there; I staid till about ten; Sherburd was there all that time, only he was out once about ten minutes; he told me he was at the door: there were four or five of us in company.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-30-person320"> DANIEL BUTCHER
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person320" type="surname" value="BUTCHER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person320" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Blue Anchor in Whitechapel. On Sunday the 6th of May, Sherburd came in about eight; they staid from eight till about ten. I attended at the magistrate's on the Monday.</p>
<p>(
<persName id="t17810530-30-person321"> William Simmonds
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person321" type="surname" value="Simmonds"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person321" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-30-person322"> Elizabeth Ainsworth
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person322" type="surname" value="Ainsworth"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person322" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person322" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-30-person323"> William Wright
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person323" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person323" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17810530-30-person324"> Thomas Tipping
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person324" type="surname" value="Tipping"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person324" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17810530-30-person325"> Sarah Webber
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person325" type="surname" value="Webber"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person325" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person325" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the servant maid at the Blue Anchor, all confirmed the evidence of Vowell and Butcher.)</p>
<p>(Sherburd called eight other witnesses, who gave him a good character.)</p>
<p>HOLLIDAY
<rs id="t17810530-30-verdict136" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-30-verdict136" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-verdict136" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17810530-30-punish137" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-30-punish137" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-30-defend295 t17810530-30-punish137"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>SHERBURD
<rs id="t17810530-30-verdict138" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-30-verdict138" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>(Holliday was humbly recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy.)</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17810530-30-person326"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person326" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person326" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-30-person326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-31">
<interp inst="t17810530-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-31-off139-c259" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-31-defend328 t17810530-31-off139 t17810530-31-verdict143"/>
<p>325.
<persName id="t17810530-31-defend328" type="defendantName"> JOHN PILKINTON
<interp inst="t17810530-31-defend328" type="surname" value="PILKINTON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-defend328" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-defend328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-31-off139" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-31-off139" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-off139" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-31-victim330" type="victimName"> Thomas Price
<interp inst="t17810530-31-victim330" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-victim330" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-victim330" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-31-off139 t17810530-31-victim330"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-31-cd140" type="crimeDate">May 5th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-31-off139 t17810530-31-cd140"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-31-person331"> THOMAS PRICE
<interp inst="t17810530-31-person331" type="surname" value="PRICE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-person331" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17810530-31-viclabel141" type="occupation">coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-31-victim330 t17810530-31-viclabel141"/>. Upon Saturday night the 5th of May, about eleven o'clock, I stopped at Mr. Wall's door in
<placeName id="t17810530-31-crimeloc142">Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-crimeloc142" type="placeName" value="Smithfield"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-crimeloc142" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-31-off139 t17810530-31-crimeloc142"/>, to give my horses some water: as I was going into the house, the prisoner, Pilkinton, came up to me, and gave me a push, and put his hand under my arm, and took my watch out of my pocket: I collared him directly, and said, You have got my watch. He d - ned his eyes and limbs, and used very violent expressions, and swore, if I did not let him go, he would cut me down with a stick. There was a hackney coach standing by: there were three men and a woman with him. He said to them, D - n your bloody eyes! why don't you get into the coach? He got from me, and they all got into the coach, and they drove off: I got on my box, and drove home to my master's. I have known the prisoner these five or six years.</p>
<p>Are you acquainted with him? - Never in my life. I have known him, he having been a coachman, a post-boy, and su ch like.</p>
<p>Did you ever get your watch again? - No: On the Sunday I heard he was taken up for something else, and I went up to the Office in Bow-street the next day: he said he knew nothing of the watch.</p>
<p>Are you sure he took your watch? - Yes: I felt it go out of my pocket.</p>
<p>What did he say to you, when he came up? - He came up, and asked me, How do you do? put his hand under mine, gave me a shove, and took my watch out.</p>
<p>Did you know any of the people that were with him? - Yes: one of them was
<persName id="t17810530-31-person332"> William Wood
<interp inst="t17810530-31-person332" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-person332" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : he was tried here yesterday.</p>
<p>Was you sober, or in liquor? - As sober as I am now.</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>This young man went in to drink with me: as we came out, there was a coachman going up Holborn; we asked him to take us into the coach. The prosecutor said he had lost his watch, and laid hold of me. I said, You are a stronger man than me; do not use me ill: if you think I have your watch, take me into the public-house, and search me, or give charge of me: the watch is over the way.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called three witnesses, who had known him many years, and gave him a very good character.)</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-31-verdict143" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-31-verdict143" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-31-punish144" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-31-punish144" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-31-punish144" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-31-defend328 t17810530-31-punish144"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-32">
<interp inst="t17810530-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-32-off145-c263" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-32-defend333 t17810530-32-off145 t17810530-32-verdict148"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178105300034"/>326.
<persName id="t17810530-32-defend333" type="defendantName"> OTEN BATLEY
<interp inst="t17810530-32-defend333" type="surname" value="BATLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-defend333" type="given" value="OTEN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-defend333" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-32-off145" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-32-off145" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-off145" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-32-victim335" type="victimName"> William Hodgson
<interp inst="t17810530-32-victim335" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-victim335" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-victim335" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-32-off145 t17810530-32-victim335"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-32-cd146" type="crimeDate">May 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-32-off145 t17810530-32-cd146"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-32-person336"> WILLIAM HODGSON
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person336" type="surname" value="HODGSON"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person336" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Sunday evening, the 6th of May, I was walking up
<placeName id="t17810530-32-crimeloc147">Bishopsgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-crimeloc147" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-crimeloc147" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-32-off145 t17810530-32-crimeloc147"/>, about eight in the evening. Just as I turned into Artiilery Lane, a young man came running up to me, and asked me if I had lost an handkerchief; upon which I put my hand in my pocket, and found my handkerchief was gone. He told me a boy had picked it out of my pocket. I turned back with him:
<persName id="t17810530-32-person337"> John White
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person337" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person337" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person337" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had hold of the prisoner, and he had my handkerchief about his neck. White took it from his neck, and gave it me: the boy said it was his own, and he had had it some time.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-32-person338"> JOHN WHITE
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person338" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person338" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-32-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Passing along Bishopsgate-street, on Sunday evening the 6th of this month, I saw the prisoner take the handkerchief out of the prosecutor's pocket: he turned up a passage; I followed him, and took hold of his coat; he asked me what I did that for, and I pulled him out into the street, and by that time Mr. Hodgson had returned; but before that, I told him a gentleman had lost his handkerchief, and he pulled it out of his pocket, and threw it about his neck: he said it was the handkerchief he always wore about his neck: that was while he was in the passage.</p>
<p>Are you quite certain you saw him take it out of the gentleman's pocket? - Yes.</p>
<p>( The handkerchief was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>He says he had hold of my coat: Is it a likely thing, while he had hold of my coat, that I should take a handkerchief out of my pocket, and put round my neck?</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-32-verdict148" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-32-verdict148" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury, before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17810530-32-punish149" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-32-punish149" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-32-defend333 t17810530-32-punish149"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17810530-33">
<interp inst="t17810530-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33" type="year" value="1781"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17810530"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33" type="date" value="17810530"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17810530-33-off150-c268" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-33-defend340 t17810530-33-off150 t17810530-33-verdict153"/>
<p>327.
<persName id="t17810530-33-defend340" type="defendantName"> ANN JONES
<interp inst="t17810530-33-defend340" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-defend340" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-defend340" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17810530-33-off150" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17810530-33-off150" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-off150" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a woollen cloth coat, value 10 s. two woollen cloth waistcoats, value 10 s. a sattin ditto, value 2 s. a pair of woollen cloth breeches, value 10 s. a woman's beaver hat, value 2 s. and a silk bonnet, value 5 s. the property of
<persName id="t17810530-33-victim342" type="victimName"> Thomas Townraw
<interp inst="t17810530-33-victim342" type="surname" value="Townraw"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-victim342" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-victim342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and a mahogany tea-chest, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17810530-33-victim344" type="victimName"> John Cock
<interp inst="t17810530-33-victim344" type="surname" value="Cock"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-victim344" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-victim344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17810530-33-cd151" type="crimeDate">May 24th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-33-off150 t17810530-33-cd151"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-33-person345"> THOMAS TOWNRAW
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person345" type="surname" value="TOWNRAW"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person345" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17810530-33-crimeloc152">Dolphin Court, Noble-street, Foster-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-crimeloc152" type="placeName" value="Dolphin Court, Noble-street, Foster-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-crimeloc152" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17810530-33-off150 t17810530-33-crimeloc152"/>. On the 24th of this month, I lost the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). They were taken out of my back garret, up two pair of stairs.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-33-person346"> MARY TOWNRAW
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person346" type="surname" value="TOWNRAW"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person346" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person346" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife to
<persName id="t17810530-33-person347"> Thomas Townraw
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person347" type="surname" value="Townraw"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person347" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person347" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The things mentioned in the indictment were all lost out of the back garret: my mother,
<persName id="t17810530-33-person348"> Mary Gee
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person348" type="surname" value="Gee"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person348" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person348" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , works in the back garret. On the 24th of May, about eight in the evening, I had just been across the way; coming up the steps of my own house, I met
<persName id="t17810530-33-person349"> Ann Jones
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person349" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person349" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person349" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> coming out of the house. She asked if one Mrs. Connor lodged in my house, that took in men's clothes to scour. I said, No. She went on; I went in, and asked my mother, who was in the kitchen, if she had locked the garret door. She said, she had. I went up stairs directly, and found the door open: my husband's clothes were gone. I went down stairs, and made a hue and cry in the street: the prisoner was pursued, and taken.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-33-person350"> BRYANT CHANDLER
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person350" type="surname" value="CHANDLER"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person350" type="given" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person350" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I pursued the prisoner; I found her in Bury-court, Love-lane. The things were on the ground near her.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17810530-33-person351"> HENRY CRIPS
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person351" type="surname" value="CRIPS"/>
<interp inst="t17810530-33-person351" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<<