<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the County of Middlesex; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 10th May, 1780, and the following Days;
<p>Being the FIFTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble. BRACKLEY KENNET,
<persName id="f17800510-1-person1"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person1" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person1" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person2"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person2" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person2" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , And Published by Authority.</p>
<p>NUMBER V. PART I.</p>
<p>Printed for
<persName id="f17800510-1-person3"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person3" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable BRACKLEY KENNET,
<persName id="f17800510-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person4" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person4" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the City of London; The Honourable
<persName id="f17800510-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> EDWARD WILLES
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person5" type="surname" value="WILLES"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person5" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; The Honourable Sir RICHARD PERRYN, Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Mr. Serjeant ADAIR, Recorder; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hunter
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person6" type="surname" value="Hunter"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person6" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person7" type="jurorName"> John Russell
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person7" type="surname" value="Russell"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Digg
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person8" type="surname" value="Digg"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person8" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Charles Perey
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person9" type="surname" value="Perey"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person9" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Thomas Gurney
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person10" type="surname" value="Gurney"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person10" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person11" type="jurorName"> William Stacey
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person11" type="surname" value="Stacey"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person11" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person12" type="jurorName"> William Elliott
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person12" type="surname" value="Elliott"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person12" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Joseph Welch
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person13" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person13" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person14" type="jurorName"> William Pascal
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person14" type="surname" value="Pascal"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person14" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person15" type="jurorName"> William White
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person15" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person15" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Richard Wood
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<interp inst="f17800510-1-person16" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person17" type="jurorName"> James Files
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<interp inst="f17800510-1-person17" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Robert Thornton
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<interp inst="f17800510-1-person18" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person19" type="jurorName"> George Burford
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person19" type="surname" value="Burford"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person19" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Cuthbert Hinton
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person20" type="surname" value="Hinton"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person20" type="given" value="Cuthbert"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person21" type="jurorName"> James Stewart
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person21" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person21" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Thomas Clarke
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person22" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person22" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person23" type="jurorName"> John Blatch
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<interp inst="f17800510-1-person23" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Thomas Shepard
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person24" type="surname" value="Shepard"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person24" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Thomas Green
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person25" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person25" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Thomas Holland
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person26" type="surname" value="Holland"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person26" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Richard Snow
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person27" type="surname" value="Snow"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person27" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Wood
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person28" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person29" type="jurorName"> John Marrison
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person29" type="surname" value="Marrison"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person29" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Christopher Hawkes
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person30" type="surname" value="Hawkes"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person30" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person31" type="jurorName"> James Phipps
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person31" type="surname" value="Phipps"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person31" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person32" type="jurorName"> John Leeson
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person32" type="surname" value="Leeson"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person32" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Samuel Ray
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person33" type="surname" value="Ray"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person33" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person34" type="jurorName"> John Stone
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person34" type="surname" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person34" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person35" type="jurorName"> John Musgrave
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person35" type="surname" value="Musgrave"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person35" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person36" type="jurorName"> James Lloyd
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person36" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person36" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person37" type="jurorName"> William Booth
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person37" type="surname" value="Booth"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person37" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person38" type="jurorName"> John Burchell
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person38" type="surname" value="Burchell"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person38" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person39" type="jurorName"> William Poole
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person39" type="surname" value="Poole"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person39" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person40" type="jurorName"> John Gardner
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<interp inst="f17800510-1-person40" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17800510-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17800510-1-person41" type="jurorName"> ClaytonWilkinson
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<persName id="t17800510-1-defend43" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH COWLEY
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<interp inst="t17800510-1-defend43" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17800510-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing thirty yards of thread lace, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-1-victim45" type="victimName"> Samuel Pohl
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<rs id="t17800510-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">March 31st</rs>
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<persName id="t17800510-1-person46"> SAMUEL POHL
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<p>The prisoner
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-1-defend43 t17800510-1-deflabel3"/> at my house, being a
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-1-defend43 t17800510-1-deflabel4"/>; she continued with us about ten days or a fortnight, during
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100003"/>that time two pieces of thread lace were missed.</p>
<p>When did you first miss them? - On Thursday in the Easter week, the 28th or 29th of March; it made my family very unhappy; we did not know who to suspect. I advertised the lace but did not hear any thing of it. On the Saturday following in the evening, the prisoner went away for a few days to make holiday; she came again five or six days after, and chared as before for two or three days. A lady who lodged at my house lost a pocket book after the prisoner came again. I apprehended the prisoner on suspicion. I took out a warrant at the office in Litchfield-street, and Grubb, an officer, came with me. I took the prisoner into the parlour and charged her with it; the officer advised my wife to go into another room and try to get her to confess, which she did, and then she confessed taking the lace.</p>
<p>You did not hear that? - No; but I heard her acknowledge it afterwards; she was very much distressed, and owned she had stolen the lace and pawned it.</p>
<p>Did you make her any promises to induce her to confess? - I promised her if I recovered my lace I would show her all the lenity the law would allow.</p>
<p>Did your wife make her any promises? - I believe, she did; we found the lace in consequence of her confession. Grubb was present with my wife when she went into the other room.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-1-person47"> CHARLES GRUBB
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<interp inst="t17800510-1-person47" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Did you go into the parlour with Mrs. Pohl and the prisoner? - I was in the parlour when she made the confession. Mrs. Pohl spoke to me about it, I advised her to take care what promise she made; and not to promise not to prosecute her, but only to show her all the lenity she could in the prosecution.</p>
<p>What sort of lenity did she promise her? - She said, it was a capital offence, the lace was worth ten or twelve pounds; that she would show her all the lenity that lay in her power, for she would not lay it capitally.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. You said she acknowledged in your presence that she had taken the things and pawned them? - Yes. At Mr. Parker's and at Mr. Freares's; I went there and found the lace.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-1-person48"> JAMES COLLINGS
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<interp inst="t17800510-1-person48" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am shopman to Mr. Freares; the prisoner brought two pieces of lace to our shop, one contained twelve the other seven yards; the twelve yards she brought the 31st of March, the seven yards on the 10th of April.</p>
<p>Are you sure they were brought by the prisoner? - Yes; I had seen her before. I asked her whose property they were? She said, she brought them for a Mrs. Robinson who kept a house in Marshall-street, Carnaby Market.</p>
<p>Did you know such a person? - No; she pawned them in the name of Robinson.</p>
<p>What did she pawn them for? - The twelve yards two guineas, the other piece half a guinea.</p>
<p>(The lace was produced in court.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This piece is very particular. I had but one piece of that sort; it was taken out of the lace box in the mahogany press.</p>
<p>Had the prisoner access to that drawer? - On the Thursday morning I found the press open, so that somebody must have been at it.</p>
<p>Had it been locked? - I believe it had, but it was carelessly left unbolted. I missed this piece in particular that morning.</p>
<p>Is there any thing so particular in this piece that you could have sworn to it if she had not confessed? - Yes; from the pattern, the breadth, and the quantity of yards; there was a private mark to the end of it, that is taken away.</p>
<p>Do you know any thing of the other piece of lace? - Yes. I missed a piece of the same quantity. I know this to be mine; there is a particular joining in it.</p>
<p>Is there any mark upon it? - No; only the pattern; I cannot positively swear to it.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-1-person49"> THOMAS PARKER
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<interp inst="t17800510-1-person49" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner brought eleven yards of lace to our house the 31st of March, in one piece.</p>
<p>New lace not made up? - Yes. She said, she brought it from a Mrs. Robinson. I asked her where she lived? she told me in the Hay-market.</p>
<p>Do you know such a person in the Hay-market? - Yes. She comes and sends
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100004"/>frequently to our house; she pawned it in her name for a guinea and a half (producing it).</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I missed such a piece of such a number of yards, I believe it to be mine.</p>
<p>(The prisoner did not say any thing in her defence).</p>
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<interp inst="t17800510-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-1-person50"> Baron PERRYN
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<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17800510-2-defend52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17800510-2-off7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he, in a certain field and open place, near the king's highway in upon
<persName id="t17800510-2-victim54" type="victimName"> William Randall
<interp inst="t17800510-2-victim54" type="surname" value="Randall"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-victim54" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-victim54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-2-off7 t17800510-2-victim54"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person two guineas and three shillings, in monies, numbered, the property of the said
<persName id="t17800510-2-person55"> William Randall
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person55" type="surname" value="Randall"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person55" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">May the 5th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-2-off7 t17800510-2-cd8"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-2-person56"> WILLIAM RANDALL
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person56" type="surname" value="RANDALL"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Friday evening last, as I was coming from Islington to Bagnigge Wells, I met the prisoner and another man in the green field, near
<placeName id="t17800510-2-crimeloc9">Bagnigge Wells</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-crimeloc9" type="placeName" value="Bagnigge Wells"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-crimeloc9" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-2-off7 t17800510-2-crimeloc9"/>, about a quarter after nine in the evening; the prisoner was five or six yards before the other; he passed me before the other came up; as soon as he had passed me he turned about, d - d me for a rogue, and bid me deliver my money. I turned round and saw the prisoner's cutlass. I struck him over the head with my cane, upon which he reeled; I turned my head over my shoulder to look at the other, and I observed he had his cutlass lifted up to strike at me; I knocked his blow off with my cane; I had my arm extended to keep the prisoner's blow off, and he cut me on the under side of my arm; he followed his blow and cut my little finger entirely off, and the next finger quite through the bone, leaving it hanging only by a little bit of skin; upon which I dropped down and asked for mercy. I told them if they would spare my life they might take my money; then the prisoner put his right hand into my breeches pocket and took out two guineas and three shillings; the other man asked for my watch. I had not my watch about me, I told him so; but he searched for one; then they d - d me and bid me go about my business; and I saw them both go up the field towards White-Conduit-house. I went to Bagnigge Wells and sent for a surgeon.</p>
<p>What reason have you to say it was the prisoner that used you in this manner? - I was engaged entirely with the prisoner, he was the person I met first, I looked at him when I met him.</p>
<p>Had you never seen him before this time? - No.</p>
<p>Had he any disguise over his face? - None at all.</p>
<p>How was he dressed? - He had a brown coat on buttoned.</p>
<p>When did you see him again? - On the Sunday after, at Sir
<persName id="t17800510-2-person57"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person57" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person57" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. I picked him out from among thirteen other people.</p>
<p>Do you take upon you positively to swear to the person of the prisoner? - I do; he is the person who cut me and wounded me.</p>
<p>What way of life are you in? - A
<rs id="t17800510-2-viclabel10" type="occupation">gentleman's servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-2-victim54 t17800510-2-viclabel10"/> out of place. I had been to drink tea with a friend. I have been in town seven months. I lived eight years with Dr. Mainwaring at Manchester.</p>
<p>Your resistance seems rather rash, did you see any body in the field likely to give you assistance? - I did not; I did not see that the other man had a hanger till I gave him a blow.</p>
<p>The stroke you first gave was supposing you would have only one man to contend with? - Yes, and then I looked over my shoulders and saw the other drawing his cutlass.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-2-person58"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person58" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person58" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Myself and some others were at the apprehending of the prisoner, at a house in Black Boy-alley.</p>
<p>Was that in consequence of any warrant granted on this complaint? - No; we went round the fields upon the prosecutor's complaint; we could see nobody in the fields; we then went to Black Boy-alley, there we saw the prisoner in a house sitting by the fire eating his supper.</p>
<p>Was that the same evening? - No, the next evening. A person came up in the morning who had found the gentleman's finger. We took the prisoner immediately to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100005"/>Sir
<persName id="t17800510-2-person59"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person59" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person59" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. Mr. Randall was sent for; he came up in the evening; the prisoner was put amongst some of us and some strangers; that was on the Sunday after; we were all together to the number of fourteen. Mr. Bond sent a little boy for the prosecutor to come out of the room into the yard where we were; when he came into the yard Mr. Bond desired him to go round and see if there was any body there whom he knew. He immediately pitched upon the prisoner.</p>
<p>What did the prisoner say? - He said, he was innocent of it. Randall told him he was the man who committed the robbery and cut his fingers off. None of us at Sir
<persName id="t17800510-2-person60"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person60" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person60" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's ever saw Randall from the time he came to give information, till he came up on the Sunday evening.</p>
<p>I am very innocent of it. I hope you will have mercy on me. I have not a friend in the world to speak for me. I am a sawyer.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Was it a light night? - Yes. I could see his face very well.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs> (
<rs id="t17800510-2-punish12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-2-punish12" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-2-defend52 t17800510-2-punish12"/> Death </rs>.)</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-2-person61"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person61" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person61" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17800510-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3" type="year" value="1780"/>
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<interp inst="t17800510-3" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-3-off13-c58" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-3-defend62 t17800510-3-off13 t17800510-3-verdict16"/>
<persName id="t17800510-3-defend62" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM WALKER otherwise
<rs id="t17800510-3-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-3-defend62 t17800510-3-alias-1"/>JOSEPH CROWTHER</rs>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-defend62" type="surname" value="WALKER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-defend62" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-defend62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-3-off13" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-3-off13" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing twenty-six yards of silk ribbon, value 13 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-3-victim65" type="victimName"> Charles Troutbeck
<interp inst="t17800510-3-victim65" type="surname" value="Troutbeck"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-victim65" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-victim65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-3-off13 t17800510-3-victim65"/> </persName> , privily and secretly in the shop of the said Charles </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-3-cd14" type="crimeDate">April the 15th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-3-off13 t17800510-3-cd14"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-3-person66"> SAMUEL JONES
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person66" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person66" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am shopman to Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-3-person67"> Charles Troutbeck
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person67" type="surname" value="Troutbeck"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person67" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is an
<rs id="t17800510-3-viclabel15" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-3-victim65 t17800510-3-viclabel15"/>; the prisoner came to our shop about seven in the morning of Saturday the 15th of April, and desired to look at some silk ribbon, which I shewed him; he bought a small quantity, which came to three pence halfpenny; he then desired to look at some coloured ribbons, which I shewed him; he bought a yard which came to sixpence. I saw him conceal one piece of ribbon in his hand. I thought that was for no good purpose; presently after that I saw him put it into his right hand pocket. I let him go out of the shop. I then told the young man who was in the shop, that I had seen that man take a piece of ribbon; when the prisoner had got about three doors off, I followed him, and brought him back; he was never out of sight; then he took those two pieces of ribbon (producing them) out of his pocket himself. These are our property; there is my mark upon one, and my master's mark on the other; they are very particular patterns; we had them a great while in the shop. He confessed he had taken one, he did not confess as to the other. The constable at the watch-house found three pieces of black ribbon upon him; but I was not then present; that is marked 15, the number of yards there are left upon it, the other piece I can positively swear to being my master's property; and, besides, I saw him take it; that is eleven yards.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-3-person68"> THOMAS LOVING
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person68" type="surname" value="LOVING"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person68" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I live just by the prosecutor, in Holborn. I saw a mob round the door. I went into the shop and took the prisoner into custody. I took him to the round-house; there I searched him and found these three pieces of black ribbon (producing them) in his breeches; he called me all manner of names when I searched him.</p>
<p>Jones. I have all the reason in the world to believe that these three pieces of ribbon are Mr. Troutbeck's property. I shewed the prisoner black ribbons.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-3-person69"> JOHN WILLIS
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person69" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person69" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>While I was taking down the shutters on the outside of the shop the prisoner came into the shop; I saw him take these two pieces of ribbon out of his pocket.</p>
<p>I was guilty of taking one piece, I leave myself to the mercy of the court.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-3-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-3-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-verdict16" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 4 s. and 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-3-punish17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-3-punish17" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-3-punish17" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-3-defend62 t17800510-3-punish17"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-4">
<interp inst="t17800510-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4" type="year" value="1780"/>
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<interp inst="t17800510-4" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-4-off18-c64" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-4-defend71 t17800510-4-off18 t17800510-4-verdict21"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100006"/>218.
<persName id="t17800510-4-defend71" type="defendantName"> MARY WESTON
<interp inst="t17800510-4-defend71" type="surname" value="WESTON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-defend71" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-defend71" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-4-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two silver spoons, value 3 s. a silver table spoon, value 5 s. two table cloths, value 2 s. a linen apron, value 1 s. a cotton apron, value 1 s. a woollen apron, value 1 s. and a linen sheet, value 3 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-4-victim72" type="victimName"> Mary Collings
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim72" type="surname" value="Collings"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim72" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim72" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; a pair of stuff shoes, value 2 s. and a pair of stone buckles; value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-4-victim73" type="victimName"> Ann Haddocks
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim73" type="surname" value="Haddocks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim73" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim73" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and a pair of silver shoe buckles, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-4-victim74" type="victimName"> Edward Taylor
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim74" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim74" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-victim74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-4-cd19" type="crimeDate">April 29th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-4-off18 t17800510-4-cd19"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-4-person75"> MARY COLLINGS
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person75" type="surname" value="COLLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person75" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person75" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The things which are mentioned in the indictment the prisoner took away on Saturday the 29th of April, while I was out about my business; she was my
<rs id="t17800510-4-deflabel20" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-4-defend71 t17800510-4-deflabel20"/>; she was to have gone away that day.</p>
<p>What time did you go out? - About half an hour after five in the morning; she was gone, I suppose about six.</p>
<p>When did you return? - About nine; the man who brings home my goods said, I was very much wanted at home; when I came home I missed the two tea spoons, and the other things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them.)
<persName id="t17800510-4-person76"> Ann Haddocks
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person76" type="surname" value="Haddocks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person76" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person76" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> is a near relation of mine, she lives in the house.</p>
<p>Were the things ever found? - Yes; by Sir
<persName id="t17800510-4-person77"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person77" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person77" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men.</p>
<p>Did the leave any body in the house when she went away? - When I went out I left nobody in the house but the prisoner,
<persName id="t17800510-4-person78"> Ann Haddocks
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person78" type="surname" value="Haddocks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person78" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person78" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17800510-4-person79"> Edward Taylor
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person79" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person79" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>ANN HADDOCKS sworn.</p>
<p>I lost a pair of shoes and a pair of buckles when the prisoner went away.</p>
<p>Do you know any thing how they were lost? - I was a-bed and asleep; I can give no account how she took them. I got up about seven o'clock; finding the prisoner was gone, I went and searched to see if she had taken any thing away, and missed the things belonging to Mrs. Collings.</p>
<p>Was you present when the prisoner was searched and any thing found upon her? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-4-person80"> EDWARD TAYLOR
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person80" type="surname" value="TAYLOR"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person80" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lodge in Mrs. Collings's house.</p>
<p>Do you know what time the prisoner went away that morning? - No. I did not get up till about nine o'clock. I did not miss any thing of mine till three o'clock on Saturday, when being desired to see if she had taken any thing of mine, I went up stairs and missed my buckles.</p>
<p>Was you present when the prisoner was searched? - No, I was not.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-4-person81"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person81" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person81" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Mrs. Collings told us she had heard that the prisoner was gone to an house in Golden-lane; we followed her and found her immediately. I searched her and found a pair of buckles and a table cloth in her pocket (producing them.) I took nothing from her but those two articles.</p>
<p>Did any body else search her? - Yes. Mr. Phillips; in my presence, he took from her three tea spoons, and another table cloth; the rest of the things were found in a box which she acknowledged to be her's.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-4-person82"> Percival Phillips
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person82" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person82" type="given" value="Percival"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced the things he found upon the prisoner, and they were deposed to by the prosecutrix).</p>
<p>Collings. The spoons have my name in a cypher and my creston the top.</p>
<p>(Ann Haddocks and Edwards Taylor deposed to the things that were laid to be their property.)</p>
<p>Mrs. Collings. She had lived with me but three weeks.</p>
<p>(The prisoner did not say any thing in her defence).</p>
<rs id="t17800510-4-verdict21" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-4-verdict21" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-4-punish22" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-4-punish22" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-4-punish22" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-4-defend71 t17800510-4-punish22"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-4-punish23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-4-punish23" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-4-defend71 t17800510-4-punish23"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>219, 220.
<persName id="t17800510-5-defend84" type="defendantName"> HANNAH THOMPSON
<interp inst="t17800510-5-defend84" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-defend84" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-defend84" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-5-defend86" type="defendantName"> ANN KENT
<interp inst="t17800510-5-defend86" type="surname" value="KENT"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-defend86" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-defend86" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-5-off24" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-5-off24" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-off24" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a black silk cloak, value 12 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-5-victim88" type="victimName"> Thomas Smith
<interp inst="t17800510-5-victim88" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-victim88" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-victim88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-5-victim90" type="victimName"> Joseph Spencer
<interp inst="t17800510-5-victim90" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-victim90" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-victim90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-5-cd25" type="crimeDate">April 17th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-off24 t17800510-5-cd25"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-5-person91"> THOMAS SMITH
<interp inst="t17800510-5-person91" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-person91" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17800510-5-viclabel26" type="occupation">mercer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-victim88 t17800510-5-viclabel26"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-victim90 t17800510-5-viclabel26"/>, and am in partnership with Mr. Spencer. On Monday the 17th of April, between six and seven in the evening, the two prisoners came into our shop, and asked to see some silk cloaks. I desired them to go to a part of the shop where we generally shew those things; they wanted to see them in a dark part of the shop; their behaviour was such as caused me to suspect them as soon as
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100007"/>they came in; I therefore counted the cloaks. I laid down six black silk cloaks before them. They found a deal of fault with them; they said the lace was not good enough, that they wanted them with broader trimmings and larger. I said, in order to see how large they were, they had better try one on, upon which Thompson pulled her cloak off, and tried one of them on. Kent had on a long scarlet cloak. Thompson dropped a cloak on the ground, upon which Kent sat down on a stool, and then the cloak which she had on reached almost to the ground, and then she
<persName id="t17800510-5-person92"> drew
<interp inst="t17800510-5-person92" type="given" value="drew"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the cloak that had been dropped, up under her own cloak, as I suppose by the circumstances which turned out afterwards. I desired my servant to bring some cloaks with broader trimmings; she brought three. I returned three of the others, in order to keep the same number before them. They thought these cloaks not large enough. I desired my servant to bring another. They seemed to like that and asked the price of it; I said twenty-six shillings. Thompson said she would give me twelve shillings for it, and if I would not take that she wished me a good night, and said she was sorry she had given me the trouble. As they were going out of the shop, Thompson laid hold of the door.</p>
<p>You refused the twelve shillings? - It cost me twenty-two shillings. As they were going out I laid hold of Thompson with one hand, and the other with the other hand. I said they had a cloak of mine, and they must not take my property away. I sent for a constable, who lived at the next door. He came in. When I charged them with having a cloak, Kent dropped the cloak from under her arm; as my servant will prove. I did not see it myself; it was found where Kent stood. I knew she had the cloak before I shewed her the last cloak, and I fancy she must know I knew it by my countenance, for she said I fancy the gentleman is hard of hearing, and does not choose to shew us any more cloaks.</p>
<p>Did you see Kent draw it up under her petticoats? - I saw Thompson drop it and look at Kent as much as to say pick it up, and she sat down immediately.</p>
<p>You did not see her pick it up? - I cannot say that I did; when I charged them with it, they said they knew nothing about it. I gave the constable charge of them and sent them to the Compter.</p>
<p>ANN MOUNTAIN sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to the prosecutor. On the 17th of April, between six and seven in the evening while he was attending the two prisoners, I placed myself at the end of the counter, as he was shewing them the cloaks. They seemed to think the cloaks too small. He said, Mountain, is there not a larger one, a 6th, I said, I believed there was, and fetched the cloak; I was going to try it on; she said, Did I think she never put a cloak on; what business had I there? I had more need go about my business. I begged her pardon, and went to the end of the compter. They bid my master twelve shillings for a cloak which cost him twenty-two shillings and six-pence. They were going out; my master lifted up the counter and followed them and clapped his hand upon each of their shoulders, and then Kent dropped the cloak from under her cloak; I saw her drop it just within the sash; it lay on the ground till the constable came, and he took it up.</p>
<p>I went in to buy a cloak; I had half a guinea and half a crown. The cloak I tried on I put on the counter again.</p>
<p>KENT's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I never saw the cloak; I know nothing of it.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-5-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-5-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-5-punish28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-5-punish28" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-5-punish28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-defend84 t17800510-5-punish28"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-defend86 t17800510-5-punish28"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-5-punish29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-5-punish29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-defend84 t17800510-5-punish29"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-5-defend86 t17800510-5-punish29"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-6">
<interp inst="t17800510-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-6-off30-c82" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-defend94 t17800510-6-off30 t17800510-6-verdict33"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-6-off32-c89" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-defend103 t17800510-6-off32 t17800510-6-verdict34"/>
<p>221, 222.
<persName id="t17800510-6-defend94" type="defendantName"> MARY HATFIELD
<interp inst="t17800510-6-defend94" type="surname" value="HATFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-defend94" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-defend94" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-6-person95"> MARY
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person95" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person95" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> the of
<persName id="t17800510-6-person96"> William HICKS
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person96" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person96" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, the first for
<rs id="t17800510-6-off30" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-6-off30" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-off30" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17800510-6-victim97" type="victimName"> Elisabeth Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-victim97" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-victim97" type="given" value="Elisabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-victim97" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> on the
<rs id="t17800510-6-cd31" type="crimeDate">14th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-off30 t17800510-6-cd31"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-off32 t17800510-6-cd31"/>, about the hour of three in the afternoon (no person being in the said dwelling-house) and stealing two cotton gowns, value 40 s. a crape gown, value 20 s. a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100008"/>sluff petticoat, value 25 s. a woollen cloth cloak, value 20 s. three linen aprons, value 8 s. a silk handkerchief, value 3 s. a muslin handkerchief, value 2 s. and two silver tea-spoons, value 3 s. the property of the said Elisabeth; two cotton gowns, value 40 s. and a silk cloak trimmed with thread lace, value 20 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-6-victim99" type="victimName"> William Humphreys
<interp inst="t17800510-6-victim99" type="surname" value="Humphreys"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-victim99" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-victim99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>, and the other for
<rs id="t17800510-6-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-6-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving part of the above goods, well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person100"> ELISABETH HICKS
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person100" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person100" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person100" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in a house which is all let out in separate tenements; the landlord's name is Burdet; he does not live in the house; I live in the two pair of stairs front room.</p>
<p>Has this house one outer street door? - Yes.</p>
<p>Is that street door in the day time usually kept shut or open? - It usually stands open I believe.</p>
<p>Did you loose any of the things mentioned in the indictment? - On the 14th of April I was at my business; I sell fruit in the street. At about half after three in the afternoon, a man came and told me my door was open. I double locked it when I went out about ten in the morning; I went home and found the door broke open; the lock was wrenched, it was bent back, and the door cut away. I found my drawers open and stripped.</p>
<p>Were the drawers locked? - Only the bottom one, that I found open too.</p>
<p>What things did you miss? - The things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them)</p>
<p>Were there any things belonging to any body else? - Yes; two cotton gowns and a black silk cloak; they belonged to
<persName id="t17800510-6-person101"> Elisabeth Humphreys
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person101" type="surname" value="Humphreys"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person101" type="given" value="Elisabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person101" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . She is a married woman, her husband's name is William Humphreys. I looked in the drawers in the morning and saw all the things there.</p>
<p>Do you know the prisoners? - Yes.
<persName id="t17800510-6-defend103" type="defendantName"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-defend103" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-defend103" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-defend103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> is my sister-in-law; I was told she had been there. An apron was found in
<persName id="t17800510-6-person104"> Mary Hick
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person104" type="surname" value="Hick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person104" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person104" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's room, which was brought to me by the constable.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person105"> ANN RICE
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person105" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person105" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person105" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in the same house with Hicks, on the back room of the ground floor; my door opens to the stair foot. These people go out to get their bread, and when they are out I generally enquire who goes up and down. I had been ill from the Wednesday till this Friday, then I was up sitting by the fire; my door was open. About three in the afternoon I heard some people go up stairs, but did not see them; I called to know who they were, who they wanted, knowing there was nobody in the house but myself they gave me no answer.</p>
<p>Did you go up after them? - No, I was not able. They came down in about ten minutes after; hearing them coming down I got up and went to the door as well as I could; I saw two women, the first had passed me, I did not see her face; the last was Hatfield. I do not know whether the first was the evidence or Hickes, they had both brown gowns on. I said to the first of them, whom did you want? she said she had seen them she wanted. Hatfield turned round and smiled, and said the other only wanted her sister.</p>
<p>How do you know the one that spoke was Hatfield? - By her face.</p>
<p>Had you ever seen her before? - No. They went out.</p>
<p>How soon after did you see Hatfield? - On the Tuesday after, at the Lord Mayor's.</p>
<p>Did you know her again immediately? - Yes.</p>
<p>Are you sure Hatfield is one of the persons who came down stairs? - Yes. Soon after they went away somebody else went up. I did not see who it was; I said, is that Poll? I thought it was a girl Hicks had sometimes to do things for her. She said nothing.</p>
<p>How many went up? - One only,
<persName id="t17800510-6-person106"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person106" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person106" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I saw her come down in a few minutes.</p>
<p>Did you know her before? - No; I did not. When she came down she went into the cellar.</p>
<p>Are you sure she is the person that came down the second time? - Yes.</p>
<p>Had she any thing with her? - No; she had no cloak on at that time that I saw.</p>
<p>Did you hear any noise up stairs at either of the times these people were there? - No, none at all.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100009"/>You had been confined to your bed some days? - Yes.</p>
<p>What time did you get up that day? - About one o'clock I believe. There are two other lodgers in the house; they both went out. One of them bid me tell her husband if he came home, she was gone to the Dolphin, and the other bid me tell her husband she was just gone out a little way. There was nobody left in the house but me.</p>
<p>Any body might have gone in at the outer door before you got up? - They might.</p>
<p>Could not any body go up stairs after you got up without your knowing of it? - I think not.</p>
<p>After you got up did you hear any body go up between one and three o'clock? - No, only the two people that went out. The accomplice said they fetched them out to take them to drink while they committed the robbery.</p>
<p>I ask you upon your oath whether any body had been up stairs between one and three, except these women? - I think not.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person107"> ELISABETH HUMPHREYS
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person107" type="surname" value="HUMPHREYS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person107" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person107" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at No. 7, in White's-alley, Coleman street, near the prosecutrix. On the 14th of April Mrs. Hickes was at her basket; a man came to her and said her door was open. She went home and said she was robbed; I went after her and said I was ruined as well as she; because I had lost my things which were in her drawer. I am a married woman, my husband's name is
<persName id="t17800510-6-person108"> William Humphreys
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person108" type="surname" value="Humphreys"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person108" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person109"> MARY CUTLER
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person109" type="surname" value="CUTLER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person109" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person109" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I met
<persName id="t17800510-6-person110"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person110" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person110" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person110" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and Mary Hatfield in Petticoat-lane, on the Thursday before this happened. They asked me to come to their apartment in Gravel-lane, on Friday. I went.
<persName id="t17800510-6-person111"> Mary Hatfield
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person111" type="surname" value="Hatfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person111" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person111" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> asked me to go with her,
<persName id="t17800510-6-person112"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person112" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person112" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person112" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17800510-6-person113"> Sarah Jullian
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person113" type="surname" value="Jullian"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person113" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person113" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I went along with them. Hicks left Hatfield and me in a public-house while she went up to the two pair of stairs room where her sister-in-law lived.</p>
<p>Where did you go to? - To a public-house at the corner of the alley; I do not know what public-house it was.</p>
<p>What time of the day was this? - Between two and three o'clock.</p>
<p>Did you know the two prisoners before? - Yes, I knew
<persName id="t17800510-6-person114"> Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person114" type="given" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> some time; I knew the other but a little.
<persName id="t17800510-6-person115"> Mary Hatfield
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person115" type="surname" value="Hatfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person115" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and I waited at a public-house, while Hicks and Jullian went into the house and brought the two women down out of the one-pair-of-stairs, where her sister lives; those two women and
<persName id="t17800510-6-person116"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person116" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person116" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person116" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> went to another public-house, and had a pot of half and half.</p>
<p>How do you know where they went when they left you at a public-house? - Because
<persName id="t17800510-6-person117"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person117" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person117" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person117" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to us and told us she was going with the two women to another public-house to have a pot of half and half.</p>
<p>Did the other two women come into the public-house with Hicks? - No.</p>
<p>You never saw the other two women at all? - I just saw the glimpse of them.</p>
<p>After Hicks told you this she went away? - Yes; she spoke on one side and bid us go to this room.</p>
<p>Did Jullian come back with her? - No, Mary Hatfield and I were together; we came out together and went up to Hicks's room.
<persName id="t17800510-6-person118"> Mary Hatfield
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person118" type="surname" value="Hatfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person118" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> had a sort of an iron screw; she put into the door and forced it open and I followed her in; she opened the drawers and took the things out and gave them to me.</p>
<p>What was you to do with them? - To carry them to her place in Gravel-lane. She came with me and brought some away likewise.</p>
<p>You knew well enough what these young women were going about when you went to this publick-house? - Yes, I did. Mrs. Moffett came to her room and saw the things.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person119"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person119" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person119" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person119" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was not there at all? - No.</p>
<p>When did you see her afterwards? - About half an hour, or rather better.</p>
<p>When did you make discovery of these things? - On the Monday following they came to the place where I was.</p>
<p>Was you taken up on this business? - Yes.</p>
<p>A Witness. She was admitted an evidence before the Lord Mayor. She was taken up after the rest; the two prisoners were taken first.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100010"/>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person120"> AGNES MOFFET
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person120" type="surname" value="MOFFET"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person120" type="given" value="AGNES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person120" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at the sign of the Cock in Hand-alley, Cock-hill. On the 14th of April, I lived in Gravel-lane; the prisoners both lodged in my house. About half after three o'clock that day I was told Hicks was detected with some stolen things. I went to her room; there I saw Hicks and the other prisoner. The man who was at work with me was ordered by a woman to take them into custody, for that the goods were stolen. I said to my man, you are not an officer, you cannot take charge of her, we will send for Mr. Withers, which I did. Mrs. Hatfield took hold of two gowns which seemed to be quite new, both of a pattern. She said one of these is mine and the other is my sister's. I saw all the things there which are mentioned in the indictment except the woollen cloak. Then Mary Hatfield said her uncle had sent her three guineas and a half to get the things out of pawn, and that she had but one hall guinea left.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person121"> THOMAS WITHERS
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person121" type="surname" value="WITHERS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person121" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I went down to take the prisoners. I went to Moffett's house; one Mrs. Jullian and
<persName id="t17800510-6-person122"> Mary Hatfield
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person122" type="surname" value="Hatfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person122" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were in Hicks's room; I asked what was become of the things which were in that room, for they were then gone; Hatfield said they were her brother's, that he had lent her a guinea and a half to get them out of pawn. I took her to Moffet's room.</p>
<p>Do not they live together in the same house? - Yes, one in one part of the house and the other in another. I found this apron (producing it) in Hicks's drawer. I found nothing in Hatfield's room.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. That is my apron; it was a remnant, I cut it out foolishy; it is longer and wider on one side than the other.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person123"> REBECCA SYMONDS
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person123" type="surname" value="SYMONDS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person123" type="given" value="REBECCA"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person123" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person124"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person124" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person124" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> lived next door but one to me. I saw
<persName id="t17800510-6-person125"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person125" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person125" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person125" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the evidence, and Jullian breaking the back door open; I said they should not break it open, it had not been open a long while. Hicks said there is that Jew bitch Jew Beck. They broke open the door, and
<persName id="t17800510-6-person126"> Mary Hicks
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person126" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person126" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person126" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came out with a lap full of things. I was going to cross the way, she ran against me or I against her, I do not know which. She dropped her cloak, and I threw it in at her door. She followed it in; she struck me, and
<persName id="t17800510-6-person127"> Mary Hatfield
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person127" type="surname" value="Hatfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person127" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person127" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came and struck me and tore off my cap.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person128"> JOHN CLARK
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person128" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person128" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker. There was a cloak pawned with me; I did not make any remark upon it; it was pawned in the name of
<persName id="t17800510-6-person129"> Mary Hatfield
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person129" type="surname" value="Hatfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person129" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person129" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I did not know the person.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. I had the cloak from Mr. Clark, it is my property.</p>
<p>I know nothing of it. Cutler lives with a bad man, who is a house-breaker; she had some quarrel with the man, I believe that is the reason she has brought me into this.</p>
<p>I know nothing of it. They are all my own family that come against me; they would take away my life if they could. They are a very bad family.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-6-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-6-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-verdict33" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> NOT GUILTY of breaking and entering the dwelling house but guilty of stealing the good </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-6-person130"> HICKS
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person130" type="given" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17800510-6-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-6-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-6-punish35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-6-punish35" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-6-punish35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-defend94 t17800510-6-punish35"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-defend103 t17800510-6-punish35"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-6-punish36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-6-punish36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-defend94 t17800510-6-punish36"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-6-defend103 t17800510-6-punish36"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-7">
<interp inst="t17800510-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-7-off37-c117" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-7-defend132 t17800510-7-off37 t17800510-7-verdict42"/>
<persName id="t17800510-7-defend132" type="defendantName"> HANNAH SMITH
<interp inst="t17800510-7-defend132" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-defend132" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-defend132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-7-off37" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-7-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 24 pewter plates, value 21 s. and seven pewter dishes, value 7 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-7-victim134" type="victimName"> Leonard Gale
<interp inst="t17800510-7-victim134" type="surname" value="Gale"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-victim134" type="given" value="Leonard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-victim134" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-7-off37 t17800510-7-victim134"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-7-cd38" type="crimeDate">March 20th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-7-off37 t17800510-7-cd38"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-7-person135"> LEONARD GALE
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person135" type="surname" value="GALE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person135" type="given" value="LEONARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-7-viclabel39" type="occupation">keep the
<placeName id="t17800510-7-crimeloc40">George Inn at Hampstead</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-crimeloc40" type="placeName" value="George Inn at Hampstead"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-crimeloc40" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-7-off37 t17800510-7-crimeloc40"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-7-victim134 t17800510-7-viclabel39"/>.</p>
<p>Did you know the prisoner before this affair? - No; I did not. I lost a quantity of pewter, between the Thursday before Easter and the Monday morning. The prisoner was my servant.</p>
<p>In what capacity? - As
<rs id="t17800510-7-deflabel41" type="occupation">cook</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-7-defend132 t17800510-7-deflabel41"/>, she left my service on Monday morning. She behaved very ill and my wife turned her away. I missed about seven or eight pewter dishes, and about three dozen and an half of plates.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100011"/>
<persName id="t17800510-7-person136"> MARY COLLICUP
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person136" type="surname" value="COLLICUP"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person136" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Tuesday morning about five o'clock I saw the prisoner come out of a field at the back of Mr. Gale's house, and cross into the turnpike road; she had something which appeared heavy; she put it down upon a step and sat upon it while I passed her and put her apron over it. I do not know what it was.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-7-person137"> WILLIAM POSTMAN
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person137" type="surname" value="POSTMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person137" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a water cart at Hampstead, I was at the Cock and Crown at Hampstead. The prisoner asked me to carry a parcel which was in the Cock and Crown; that was on Tuesday morning.</p>
<p>Do you know what that parcel was? - It appeared to be pewter wrapped up in a coarse cloth; it weighed about three quarters of an hundred weight. I carried it about twenty or thirty yards and put it into the boot of the Hampstead coach to come to London; this was between eight and nine in the morning; she desired me to take it from the Cock and Crown, and put it in the boot of the coach as fly as I could that the master of the coach might not see me put it in left the man should get turned away from his place.</p>
<p>Was there any direction on it? - No.</p>
<p>Did she go into the coach? - No. She went back with me to the Cock and Crown to give me half a quartern of gin for carrying it and putting it into the coach.</p>
<p>Could you distinguish it to be pewter? - I just saw it and felt it and shook the plates together. The bottom parcel was large, the top smaller.</p>
<p>Did you know the prisoner before? - No, I never saw her before in my life.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I never saw this man before.</p>
<p>Gale. She came to town in my coach; I put her bundles in the coach myself. This parcel was put in another coach.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-7-person138"> ROBERT SOUTH
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person138" type="surname" value="SOUTH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person138" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-7-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner came to the Cock and Crown about ten minutes after seven as nigh as I can recollect on the Tuesday morning.</p>
<p>What are you? - I drive a Hampstead stage for Mr. Davis. She asked me what time I should go to town; I said about nine o'clock. She asked me to carry a parcel for her to London. I asked her where it was; she said she would go and fetch it, and when my coach was driven out she was walking backwards and forwards before my master's door. I asked her, where is your parcel? she said I have put it in the boot. I asked her if she went down in the coach; or if there was a direction on it? She said no, I might leave it at Mr. Chandler's, the corner of Great Russel-street, Tottenham-court-road. She said she had not done her business, and could not go then. I staid a while and going to town catched Mr. Gale's coach, and she was on the box of his coach. I thought it was very odd. We stopped at the corner of Russel-street, and Gale's coach drove up behind me; and she came to my coach and demanded the parcel; I took it out, it was very heavy; I rested it on the wheel when I let it down on the pavement, the plates chinked, the wrapper was open. I had the curiosity to see what it was. I saw it was pewter. She took the parcel from me, and paid me three pence for the carriage, and I lodged it in the shop. Chandler keeps a great grocer's shop, the corner of Russel-street.</p>
<p>I know nothing about what I am accused of.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-7-verdict42" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-7-verdict42" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17800510-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8" type="year" value="1780"/>
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<interp inst="t17800510-8" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-8-off44-c123" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-defend140 t17800510-8-off44 t17800510-8-verdict48"/>
<persName id="t17800510-8-defend140" type="defendantName"> MARY WILMOTT
<interp inst="t17800510-8-defend140" type="surname" value="WILMOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-defend140" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-defend140" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-8-deflabel43" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-defend140 t17800510-8-deflabel43"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-8-off44" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-8-off44" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-off44" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing six yards of muslin, value 3 l. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-8-victim142" type="victimName"> Charles Lebas
<interp inst="t17800510-8-victim142" type="surname" value="Lebas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-victim142" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-victim142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-off44 t17800510-8-victim142"/> </persName> , privily and secretly in the shop of the said Charles </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-8-cd45" type="crimeDate">April 25th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-off44 t17800510-8-cd45"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-8-person143"> CHARLES LEBAS
<interp inst="t17800510-8-person143" type="surname" value="LEBAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-person143" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17800510-8-viclabel46" type="occupation">linendraper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-victim142 t17800510-8-viclabel46"/>, in
<placeName id="t17800510-8-crimeloc47">Bond-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-crimeloc47" type="placeName" value="Bond-street"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-crimeloc47" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-off44 t17800510-8-crimeloc47"/>. As I was fitting in my compting-house writing, on the 25th of April, a woman came into my shop with a long red cloak on. The compting-house is in the side of the shop, and has a view of every part of the shop except just the door. I turned round to see
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100012"/>who it was. She asked for some muslin. I thought she had a suspicious appearance, and therefore came into the shop to watch her. I then saw the prisoner standing in the doorway; I had not seen her before.</p>
<p>The woman in the red cloak was not the prisoner? - No. When I first saw the prisoner in the shop I saw something white hanging under her cloak.</p>
<p>Had the prisoner been in your shop? - She was standing in the door-way in the shop waiting, to all appearance, for the woman who came to ask for the muslin. She had been in the shop, but had not asked for any thing.</p>
<p>Was she within reach of the counter? - Yes, she was within reach of the counter. She had a on a black cloak. I saw this piece of muslin under her cloak. I advanced to her and put my hand under that part of the cloak where I saw the muslin. Then I turned her round, and said to my shopman who was with the other woman, be witness that this woman has concealed a piece of muslin under her cloak. He said he saw it. I immediately sent for a constable. She said it was very hard when a person came into the shop that I should put a piece of muslin under her cloak and charge her with a theft; that was all she said.</p>
<p>You do not know how long she had been in the shop? - I did not see her come in.</p>
<p>You do not know whether she bought any muslin? - I am sure she did not.</p>
<p>This is an open shop, where you exposed your goods to sale? - It is.</p>
<p>This is the piece of muslin you found upon her? - It is; it has my mark upon it. There was about six yards and a half of it.</p>
<p>Do you know where it lay? - We had been very busy and there was a parcel of muslins lay upon the counter by the side of the prisoner. This piece lay there.</p>
<p>Is it a whole piece or a remnant? - It is neither, it is a cut piece.</p>
<p>Did you know that it had been cut before? - Yes; I cut it myself; it is marked in characters, one mark by my man and the other by me: this is my mark.</p>
<p>What is the meaning of that mark? - The price that it cost.</p>
<p>How long ago did you mark that? - I marked it in the month of February.</p>
<p>She submitted to be searched, and did not attempt to run away? - No.</p>
<p>Had you seen this piece that day? - Yes, that very day.</p>
<p>The gentleman asked me what I wanted; I said a piece of dark cotton. He took me round the waist and pushed me to the counter. He took that piece of muslin and said I had taken it. He said he had been robbed the day before, and if it lay in his power to hang me he would, for he would do it to deter others. And then sent for a constable.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I said I would take every step that the law would afford me; that it was a very serious matter to her, and I would prosecute her.</p>
<p>Court. What is the value of this piece as it is now? - It cost me nine shillings and sixpence per yard. There are six yards and an half of it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I desired to be searched; he would not search me. I lived servant last. I was at home with my friends. I live in the country. I did not think it necessary to have any witnesses to my character, as I was innocent.</p>
<p>Jury to the Prosecutor. Are you sure that muslin was not sold after you saw it, before you found it upon the prisoner? - I am very certain, because I brought it myself to shew a customer.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-8-verdict48" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-8-verdict48" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-verdict48" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods, but not guilty of stealing them privily and secretly in the shop </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-8-punish49" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-8-punish49" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-8-punish49" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-defend140 t17800510-8-punish49"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-8-punish50" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-8-punish50" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-8-defend140 t17800510-8-punish50"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-9">
<interp inst="t17800510-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-9-off51-c126" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-9-defend144 t17800510-9-off51 t17800510-9-verdict54"/>
<persName id="t17800510-9-defend144" type="defendantName"> WINIFRID SMITH
<interp inst="t17800510-9-defend144" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-defend144" type="given" value="WINIFRID"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-defend144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-9-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-9-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-9-victim146" type="victimName"> George Byrne
<interp inst="t17800510-9-victim146" type="surname" value="Byrne"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-victim146" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-victim146" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-9-off51 t17800510-9-victim146"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-9-cd52" type="crimeDate">May 2d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-9-off51 t17800510-9-cd52"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-9-person147"> GEORGE BYRNE
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person147" type="surname" value="BYRNE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person147" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went to Mr. Hopkins', the Blue Anchor in East Smithfield, to have a pint of beer, the prisoner was there singing; I gave her a draught of beer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100013"/>Did you know her before? - I never saw her before in my life. I asked her to come to my house and sing me a Scotch song and I would treat her.</p>
<p>Where is your house? - At the top of
<placeName id="t17800510-9-crimeloc53">Cock-alley, East Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-crimeloc53" type="placeName" value="Cock-alley, East Smithfield"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-crimeloc53" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-9-off51 t17800510-9-crimeloc53"/>. She went to my house. I went to order a pint of beer, the watch was on the mantle piece.</p>
<p>Did you go with her? - Yes; it was between six and seven o'clock; I went to order a pint of beer. I did not come back till my wife came to me and said she missed the watch. I told her it was on the mantle-piece.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner there when you went back? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-9-person148"> MARY BYRNE
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person148" type="surname" value="BYRNE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person148" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person148" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife to the last witness. On Monday the 1st of May my husband brought the prisoner home to sing him a song, and said he would give her a draught of beer; my husband went to the publick-house to order some beer.</p>
<p>How came your husband to bring this woman home to sing him a song, did he frequently entertain you in this way? - No, never before; there was nobody in the house but she and me; the watch was on the mantle-piece. I missed the watch. I said to her, my husband's watch was here just now! She said, that he had taken it down and put it in his pocket. I said I was sure he did not.</p>
<p>Did you see it there when he went out; - Yes, some time after he was gone.</p>
<p>How long was he gone? - Three quarters of an hour.</p>
<p>How soon after he was gone did you miss the watch? - It might be a quarter of an hour, I cannot say to a minute; she sat on one side of the fire and I on the other; I might get up for something.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner ever out of your sight, did you leave her by herself? - No. The watch was on the mantle-piece, on the right hand side where she sat; I sat on the left hand side.</p>
<p>How high was the mantle-piece? - Not very high, one might sit on a chair and reach it.</p>
<p>Was the mantle piece no higher than a persons head who sat on a chair? - Very little if they sat on a high chair; she sat on a low chair; it was above her head; the chain was hanging down off the mantle piece.</p>
<p>You missed it, and told the prisoner you missed it? - Yes. She said, she saw it there; that the chain was hanging down; that she saw him take it out with him.</p>
<p>How came you not to put the chain up when you saw it hanging down, was not you afraid it would fall? - No; it lay so for days and days; I went to Mr. Hopkins's to my husband, and took the prisoner with me.</p>
<p>How long was it after you missed the watch before you went to look for your husband? - Near half an hour. I waited in expectation of his coming back; I asked him if he knew any thing of his watch. He said, it was at home on the mantle piece. I said it was not at home.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner present then? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did he generally leave it there when he went out? - He never carried the watch out at any time, it was always left on the mantle-piece.</p>
<p>What did the prisoner say? - I did not see the prisoner much more that night.</p>
<p>Did you let her go? - Yes.</p>
<p>Without searching her? - I did not know what to do. She came to me the next morning and asked me how I did, and whether I had found the watch? I said no. She said she was sure my husband had taken it, and she supposed one of the press gang had whipped it out of his pocket; there was a press gang. I went to the pawnbroker's and desired if such a watch was brought, describing it, they would stop it; they told me such a watch had been offered there half an hour before by a woman in a striped gown, but they had not taken it in.</p>
<p>Did you ever find the watch? - Yes; upon the prisoner, on Tuesday the 2d of May. We sent for an officer and had her taken before Justice Clarke; and the officer found it under her petticoats.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-9-person149"> JOHN SADLER
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person149" type="surname" value="SADLER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person149" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I took up the prisoner on the 2d of May. I took her before Justice
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100014"/>Clarke, at the public-office in East Smithfield. I searched her and found the watch under her petticoats, the chain hung out underneath the string of her petticoat.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor's wife.)</p>
<p>When I went into the publick-house Brown was sitting by the fire place with a pint of beer; he asked me to drink; his wife came and asked him to go home; and he desired me to go home with him and sing him a song. She said, young woman come home with him, that I may get him home. I went home with him and his wife, and he went and fetched a quartern of liquor and gave me and his wife some of it; he then put his watch in his pocket and went out for some beer, and did not come in again; when the ale-house man came for the pots she quarelled with him and broke the glass and cut her hand; he gave me the watch and said, he would make the bitch believe he had lost it. I went in the morning and asked her how her hand did? She said, it was better, but that the rogue had lost his watch, and the villain would not let her advertise it. I said never mind, it was not lost, she would hear of it very soon. I had the watch in my pocket. I did not mean to keep it.</p>
<p>To the constable. Was the watch in her pocket? - No; when I took her, she denied having the watch, and refused to let me search her.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-9-verdict54" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-9-verdict54" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-9-punish55" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-9-punish55" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-9-punish55" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-9-defend144 t17800510-9-punish55"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-10">
<interp inst="t17800510-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-10-off56-c131" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-10-defend151 t17800510-10-off56 t17800510-10-verdict59"/>
<persName id="t17800510-10-defend151" type="defendantName"> THOMAS PHILLIPS
<interp inst="t17800510-10-defend151" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-defend151" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-defend151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-10-off56" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-10-off56" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-off56" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he, in the king's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17800510-10-victim153" type="victimName"> Charles Creamer
<interp inst="t17800510-10-victim153" type="surname" value="Creamer"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-victim153" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-victim153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-10-off56 t17800510-10-victim153"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person a walking cane, value 2 s. and 1 s. in monies, numbered, the property of the said Charles </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-10-cd57" type="crimeDate">April 9th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-10-off56 t17800510-10-cd57"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-10-person154"> CHARLES CREAMER
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person154" type="surname" value="CREAMER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person154" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was returning in the evening about eight o'clock or a little after, in company with a young lady to see her home; at the end of the new road leading towards the
<placeName id="t17800510-10-crimeloc58">Duke of Bedford's private road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-crimeloc58" type="placeName" value="Duke of Bedford's private road"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-crimeloc58" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-10-off56 t17800510-10-crimeloc58"/>, I heard some people running up very quick behind me; when they came very close I looked round me; there were, I think, four, one presented a pistol to my head and desired me to deliver my money. I rather put my head on one side and lifted up my cane, the other, that stood close to him, got hold of my wrist, turned me round, and wrenched the cane out of my hand.</p>
<p>What are you? - A surgeon in his majesty's service; the young lady who was in my company gave a sort of a scream. I apprehend he might imagine I was going to make an attempt to seise him, upon which he clapped his hand up my shoulder and said, Sir, your life or your money this moment! One had hold of my collar. I saw them pull the young lady about. I said do not use she young lady ill; I will give you what I have, I knew I had both gold and silver in my pocket; I thought I had given it him all, but the next day I discovered that I had given him only a shilling.</p>
<p>You have said nothing to the prisoner, was he one of those people? - I cannot say whether he was or not; he was stopped about fourteen or fifteen yards from me by a person in court. I was asked whether he was one of them? I believe, I might then say he was. I might then say more than a man would wish to speak, if he was cool; but as for his being one I cannot say I know it. I desired the young lady to give them what she had. She said, she had done so; then the men ran off; there was a single horse chaise came by; the man whom I gave my money to ran off, and at that very instant I heard some other people come up the same road I was going. I called out</p>
<p>"take care of yourselves, here are some footpads;" upon which one of the witnesses stopped the prisoner and said, Sir, is this one of them? I told him he might be one.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-10-person155"> JOHN AVIS
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person155" type="surname" value="AVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person155" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , sworn.</p>
<p>I was coming home from Paddington last Sunday was month, which was the 9th of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100015"/>April, at about nine o'clock at night, between Tottenham Court Road turnpike and the Duke of Bedford's private road, with Mr. Williams, we heard a noise of a woman crying, seemingly as if she was in distress. I went a little forward, rather faster upon hearing the cry; when we came within eight or ten yards of them, I saw three or four men round Mr. Creamer and a young lady; upon my approach three man ran from me, and one walked softly towards me. I looked at him as he passed me; as soon as he came by me, a gentleman came up and said, gentlemen they are all footpads; they have robbed me.</p>
<p>Are you sure the prisoner was one of them? - Yes; I saw him come from the prosecutor.</p>
<p>Did he attempt to run away? - No, not the least in the world, he walked softly; as he had passed me four or five yards, the gentleman came up and said, Stop gentlemen, they are all footpads, and they have robbed me. I went immediately after the prisoner, and stopped him. I said to the gentlewoman is this of one them? She said, the man who held me has an handkerchief tied round his neck.</p>
<p>Court. Is the young lady here? -</p>
<p>Creamer. She says she was so much frightened that it is not in her power to swear to the men; she is not here.</p>
<p>Avis. Mr. Creamer said he believed him to be the man; the prisoner had a blue handkerchief with white spots tied in a bow under his chin when I laid hold of him; he made some resistance; when he made resistance Mr. Williams came up and took the stick out of his hand (producing a very large stick) which he was going to make resistance with.</p>
<p>What was it o'clock? - About eight.</p>
<p>What sort of a night was it? - Moonlight, but at times rather cloudy. I took him by the gentleman's desire to the first publick-house; there Mr. Grubb was sent for. I saw him come from the gentleman, and he never quitted my sight till I laid hold of him.</p>
<p>Did you find any thing upon him? - Nothing but a cord with a slip noose to it, and a knife.</p>
<p>What distance was you from Mr. Creamer when you saw four people about him? - Very near, I suppose not more than nine or ten yards.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-10-person156"> JOHN WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person156" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person156" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in company with the last witness. I heard a gentlewoman scream out; then the last witness and I ran up to them; the prisoner passed us just as the woman screamed out.</p>
<p>Did you see any persons near the prosecutor before one of them came towards you? - I saw either three or four; three ran from us and the prisoner came towards us. Avis took hold of him, and I came up and took the stick from him.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-10-person157"> CHARLES GRUBB
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person157" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person157" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I had an information that there were some footpads out; I was fetched from my house; just as I came to Tottenham Court they said they had one in at a publick-house who had robbed a gentleman. I went there and took the prisoner into custody; the people there said he had thrown something away in the field where he was apprehended. I get a link and looked among the grass but could see nothing. The next morning we went there, and there were some people who had found a cane, but we did not find it ourselves.</p>
<p>I had gone a good way from the gentleman before they took hold of me.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Did the other three run away? - Yes, three ran one way and one the other. This witness says he saw two or three run away from me. When I was at the office where the men were examined, I was attacked for want of candour and honesty; a man in the office had even the insolence to tell me, because I was doubtful within my own breast, he finding the man was not likely to be convicted, told me I was as bad as a thief myself, because I would not convict him. I said I should be glad to know whether in an office like that people were to be insulted in that manner? He said, if the cap fitted me I might wear it. I said a very little altering of it would make it sit himself. My Lord, what I do here is by mere compulsion; the morning following
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100016"/>when I went to the office some evasions were made, the lad could not be brought to be examined. I said when I came out of the publick-house, let that man go, the effect it has had upon me is such that, should that man's life be affected, I should never be happy nor the young lady, for she was very unhappy at what she said in her hurry; those two men who robbed me parted from me some moments before the other parted away, when I saw him I could not recollect him, though I stood so very near him.</p>
<p>Court. Who at the office found fault with you for not being more positive, it was a very scandalous conduct? - He was a stout man, I do not know his name.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-10-person158"> JOHN HOPPER
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person158" type="surname" value="HOPPER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person158" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner ever since he was a child; his general character, as far as I know, is, he has been an industrious boy, he is a coach harness maker.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-10-person159"> ROBERT BURLINGTON
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person159" type="surname" value="BURLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person159" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I deal in coals and keep a chandler's shop. I have known the prisoner five years, he is an industrious boy, he lodged in my house to the death of his father, which was a twelvemonth ago, he always had a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-10-verdict59" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-10-verdict59" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-10-person160"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person160" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person160" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-10-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-11">
<interp inst="t17800510-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-11-off62-c140" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend162 t17800510-11-off62 t17800510-11-verdict66"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-11-off62-c141" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend164 t17800510-11-off62 t17800510-11-verdict66"/>
<p>227, 228.
<persName id="t17800510-11-defend162" type="defendantName"> MARGARET MORGAN
<interp inst="t17800510-11-defend162" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-defend162" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-defend162" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-11-deflabel60" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend162 t17800510-11-deflabel60"/>, and
<persName id="t17800510-11-defend164" type="defendantName"> FRANCES DAVIS
<interp inst="t17800510-11-defend164" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-defend164" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-defend164" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-11-deflabel61" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend164 t17800510-11-deflabel61"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-11-off62" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-11-off62" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-off62" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing a piece of worked muslin, containing ten yards, value 4 l. 10 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-11-victim166" type="victimName"> Thomas Ham
<interp inst="t17800510-11-victim166" type="surname" value="Ham"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-victim166" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-victim166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-off62 t17800510-11-victim166"/> </persName> , privily and secretly in the shop of the said Thomas </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-11-cd63" type="crimeDate">May 2d.</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-off62 t17800510-11-cd63"/> </p>
<persName id="t17800510-11-person167"> THOMAS HAM
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person167" type="surname" value="HAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person167" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17800510-11-viclabel64" type="occupation">linendraper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-victim166 t17800510-11-viclabel64"/> at
<placeName id="t17800510-11-crimeloc65">Temple Bar</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-crimeloc65" type="placeName" value="Temple Bar"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-crimeloc65" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-off62 t17800510-11-crimeloc65"/>. On Tuesday the 2d of May, the two prisoners at the bar came into my shop under pretence of looking at some callico for gowns. Davis, after seeing several, said, she would come or send again; and desired I would give her a card of the shop; it was only Davis asked to look at the callico.</p>
<p>Was any body else in the shop with them? - No. I was at dinner in the parlour; there was no one in the shop. I went into the shop to them. I turned round to reach a card for her (as I had suffered much I was very suspicious of them) I turned back and saw the tall one standing rather open to hide the other. I gave her the card; and just as I had given her the card I saw a piece of muslin under the other's apron. I observed a man standing at the door looking very significant at them, as they always go in a gang; and the short one, who had got the muslin, went to the door. As I know the practice is to give it to a person without, and then to hand it off, I laid hold of her arm and pulled her back. She had by that time got her gown covered over it; it was all huddled together, and she immediately dropped the muslin. I had hold of her arm; it had my shop mark on it; it had just come in, and had never had the wrapper put upon it.</p>
<p>What quantity is it? - A whole piece, it had never been cut.</p>
<p>What was the value of it? - It cost me four pounds ten shillings that very same day.</p>
<p>I asked him to let me look at a piece of chintz pattern, which I wanted for an acquaintance. I said they were not fine enough. He said there was a piece at the other end of the shop he thought finer; he shewed it me. I asked him the price; he told me. I said it was a great price; if you will oblige me with a card I will give it the gentlewoman, she may come herself; he went in with this young woman and pushed the shop door to. He said, he had been robbed two or three days before, and he would make her pay for them all. I knew this young woman four or five years ago. I met her accidentally at the end of the Fleet Market, and went with her. I never knew her guilty of any thing of the sort, in my life. I was obliged to stand before her, because I was looking at a piece of chintz.</p>
<p>I never saw the muslin till it lay upon the ground. The gentleman shut the door directly, and said, he supposed I meant to rob him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100017"/>For MORGAN</p>
<persName id="t17800510-11-person168"> MARY ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person168" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person168" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a cook's-shop the corner of Castle-street in the Borough; she was my servant, she nursed me in my last lying-in, which was eighteen months ago, she has a good character.</p>
<p>MARY ALDING sworn.</p>
<p>I am a black millener. I did live at London Wall. I have known Morgan ten years, she has always borne an exceeding good character; she nursed my daughter five or six weeks ago.</p>
<p>JANE HAZARD sworn.</p>
<p>Morgan nursed me in my lying-in, and has been with me many times; she has a very honest character, so far as I know. I have known her fourteen or fifteen years.</p>
<p>Davis. My friends are all in the country. I could not send for them, because my sister was vey ill.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-11-verdict66" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-11-verdict66" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-verdict66" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods, but not Guilty of stealing them privily and secretly in the shop </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-11-person169"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person169" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person169" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17800510-11-punish67" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-11-punish67" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-11-punish67" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend162 t17800510-11-punish67"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend164 t17800510-11-punish67"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-11-punish68" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-11-punish68" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend162 t17800510-11-punish68"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-11-defend164 t17800510-11-punish68"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-12">
<interp inst="t17800510-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12" type="year" value="1780"/>
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<interp inst="t17800510-12" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-12-off69-c146" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-12-defend171 t17800510-12-off69 t17800510-12-verdict72"/>
<persName id="t17800510-12-defend171" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL FORD
<interp inst="t17800510-12-defend171" type="surname" value="FORD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-defend171" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-defend171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-12-off69" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-12-off69" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-off69" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a wooden tub with a glass cover frame, value 3 s. and 20 lb. weight of Salmon, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-12-victim173" type="victimName"> Thomas Moore
<interp inst="t17800510-12-victim173" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-victim173" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-victim173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-12-off69 t17800510-12-victim173"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-12-cd70" type="crimeDate">April 15th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-12-off69 t17800510-12-cd70"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-12-person174"> THOMAS MOORE
<interp inst="t17800510-12-person174" type="surname" value="MOORE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-person174" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17800510-12-crimeloc71">Broad-street, Ratcliff-cross</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-crimeloc71" type="placeName" value="Broad-street, Ratcliff-cross"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-crimeloc71" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-12-off69 t17800510-12-crimeloc71"/>, and sell pickled salmon; we keep it in a tub covered with a glass frame. On the 15th of April, the prisoner looked in at my window and then he went away again. I was sitting at supper, it was past eleven at night; there is no glass to that part of the shop, it is open. he returned again in two or three minutes, and put his hand under the kit and lifted it up. I observed he looked hard on the other side of the way, and then left the tub and went away again. I staid to watch him; he came again in three or four minutes and took the tub of salmon off. I ran after him directly; he turned up an alley. I ran after him and catched him with the tub of salmon in his hand, and the glass was upon it. When I caught him he said, what can you do with a drunken man? I gave the watchman charge of him; he did not appear to be drunk.</p>
<p>I am a Thames-street carman. I set out last Saturday was three weeks for Limehouse. I have been discharged from a man of war last Saturday was six weeks. I went on board the Godfrey Indiaman; I got acquainted with two men who were discharged the same time I was. I have been three years at sea cruising about with the fleet. I was in the fleet last summer when the French fleet drove us in.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I begged him off to go on board the tender; Justice Sherwood sent him there; then he pulled out his protection.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-12-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-12-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-12-punish73" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-12-punish73" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-12-punish73" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-12-defend171 t17800510-12-punish73"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-13">
<interp inst="t17800510-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-13-off74-c149" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-13-defend176 t17800510-13-off74 t17800510-13-verdict77"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-13-off74-c150" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-13-defend178 t17800510-13-off74 t17800510-13-verdict77"/>
<p>230, 231.
<persName id="t17800510-13-defend176" type="defendantName"> PATRICK MADAN
<interp inst="t17800510-13-defend176" type="surname" value="MADAN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-defend176" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-defend176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-13-defend178" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH HAWES
<interp inst="t17800510-13-defend178" type="surname" value="HAWES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-defend178" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-defend178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted or
<rs id="t17800510-13-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-13-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two guineas, and a half guinea, in monies, numbered, the property of
<persName id="t17800510-13-victim179" type="victimName"> Thomas Pearce
<interp inst="t17800510-13-victim179" type="surname" value="Pearce"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-victim179" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-victim179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-13-off74 t17800510-13-victim179"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of Samuel Newport </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-13-cd75" type="crimeDate">April 20th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-13-off74 t17800510-13-cd75"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-13-person180"> THOMAS PEARCE
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person180" type="surname" value="PEARCE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person180" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17800510-13-crimeloc76">Benjamin-street, Clerkenwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-crimeloc76" type="placeName" value="Benjamin-street, Clerkenwell"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-crimeloc76" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-13-off74 t17800510-13-crimeloc76"/>.</p>
<p>What is your business? - I do something in the Mercery branch. On Thursday the 20th of April, as I was passing by Clerkenwell New Prison, I observed two women, I accosted one of them by the name of Betty and said Betty, how do you do? How does your brother Joseph do? I thought I knew her; the fact proved otherwise. She immediately answered she was very well, her brother Joseph was pressed over night, and was in the New Prison, Clerkenwell, but that he would be discharged the following day. And she asked me to go in and see him. I told her
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100018"/>I was desirous of seeing the prison, but that I was rather timerous of going in; at last she persuaded me, by telling me it was very safe. I went in, and we sat down.</p>
<p>I should think if she had not been your acquaintance you must have found it out before you went in? - I did not find it out till the pretended brother appeared; then I discovered my mistake, and said is this your brother.</p>
<p>Is the woman you took her to be, a woman of virtue! - She is. When we had seated ourselves the pretended brother did not appear directly. One of them wanted to drink; I offered to treat them, and ordered the liquor.</p>
<p>Both the women went in? - Yes; when that was drunk we called for some more.</p>
<p>What was it you had? - Spirituous liquors. The first was half a pint of rum. When the first liquor was brought in,
<persName id="t17800510-13-person181"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person181" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person181" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-13-person182"> Joe
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person182" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Baker, which is the other prisoner were introduced; after we had drank some time one of the women was for going round the prison; I said I would go with her. She observed me tremble; she said, what do you tremble for; I said I was not much used to the inside of a prison. They said we should go round the prison. But first they ordered another half pint of spirituous liquor; then we went round among the felons.</p>
<p>Did all the company go? - Yes. When they had shewed me a part of the prison; they desired to have some more drink, and we went into a shed; I went in first, the two women next, and then Patrick Madan, and
<persName id="t17800510-13-person183"> Joe
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person183" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Baker. There they had some more liquor, and pressed me to drink, I refused, and they gave it amongst their companions. I then wanted to come away, and attempted to go out;
<persName id="t17800510-13-person184"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person184" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person184" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> rushed in upon me, and struck me over my forehead, and said blast your eyes! or something of that kind. I fell down; I got up again and attempted to strike him; he struck me down; I fell again. I was not up so far as to walk before he struck me again, and
<persName id="t17800510-13-person185"> Joe
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person185" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Baker struck me when I was down. I was persuaded what they were upon.
<persName id="t17800510-13-person186"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person186" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person186" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said blast your eyes be easy! and he struck me over the face. I was not easy, I kept my feet up to keep them from my pocket as long as I could; I kicked
<persName id="t17800510-13-person187"> Joe
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person187" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Baker. They covered my face with a coat and gagged me. I saw
<persName id="t17800510-13-person188"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person188" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person188" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Joe the Barker coming to me. I am certain they were at me before any other person could reach me.</p>
<p>Were they at your pocket? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did you loose any thing? - Yes, two guineas and a half.
<persName id="t17800510-13-person189"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person189" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person189" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said blast your eyes! bring me a knife, I will kill him instantly, and they took my money.</p>
<p>Who took it? -
<persName id="t17800510-13-person190"> Joe
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person190" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Baker I believe took it. Madan had enough to do to hold my hands and head.</p>
<p>Who keeps the prison? - A Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-13-person191"> Samuel Newport
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person191" type="surname" value="Newport"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person191" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>He has a house there? - I understand he has. After they had given a few blows between them, they left me gagged, and a coat over my face. One of them said (I cannot tell which) if you speak a word or stir for ten minutes, I will come back and kill you instantly! When I found I was at liberty, I threw the things off. I was half mad when they left me; I began swearing at them, and felt for my knife, and said I would stab the first of them that I met with, knowing them. I saw them running from me. I thought of complainging at the prison, but they thought I was in liquor and would not hear me.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>You told us you dealt in the linen and mercery way, do you go out with a pack? - No.</p>
<p>Are you shopman to any body? - No.</p>
<p>You have no shop nor warehouse? - No. I can shew you my bills of parcels, I serve customers.</p>
<p>You took these women to be modest women? - Yes.</p>
<p>You thought you knew the brother of one of them? - Yes.</p>
<p>If you had known him you need not have asked, is this your brother, when he was introduced? - Did not you go upon the bed with one of the women, and give her some money out of your pocket, and say that was
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100019"/>all the silver you had? - I never was on the bed with them.</p>
<p>Was you on the floor with either of them? - No; they wanted me to be on the bed with them. I said that would not do; I knew what they were upon.</p>
<p>You suspected their modesty then? - Yes.</p>
<p>The women were present when you were robbed? - Yes, and laughed very heartily.</p>
<p>Was any body else in the place? - No.</p>
<p>You went the next day to a magistrate? - Yes, Justice Blackborough.</p>
<p>Did you tell the same story there which you have told now? - I told him I had been robbed, that I could swear Madan knocked me down, that my eyes were closed too soon to be certain whether the other was the man who aided and assisted, but I am certain he must be the man, for there was no other man could possibly be with me so soon.</p>
<p>Have not you said that forty pounds would be of service to you at this time? - No, I had not the least expectation of any reward.</p>
<p>Did not you when you went to the prison and the prisoners were turned out before you say that you never saw Hawes before? - No.</p>
<p>Upon your oath? - Yes.</p>
<p>Before you went to the justice, when you went to the jail to get the names of the men, whether, when all the men were turned out before you, you then did not deny ever seeing Hawes before? - No, I did not.</p>
<p>Did you pitch upon Madan before you heard his name mentioned? - Yes, I asked him what was his name? he said damn you, what do you want with my name? it is Plumb.</p>
<p>Have you seen the women since! - Yes.</p>
<p>Then you knew where to find them? - No, I went to the place they directed me to, but could not find them.</p>
<p>Court. How long have you lived in Clerkenwell? - Three months.</p>
<p>What time in the evening was this? - About five o'clock.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-13-person192"> JOHN DINMORE
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person192" type="surname" value="DINMORE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person192" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 20th of April at about six in the evening, my son saw the prosecutor at Justice Blackborough's door, and brought him to Redgrave and me; he was so intoxicated in liquor we could hardly understand what he said, he told us he had been robbed; I asked him by whom; he said he could not tell. He said suppose you was in a prison, and people put something over your eyes and threw you down and robbed you, how could you tell who did it? He prevailed on me to go with him to the jail. I went and told the turnkey the matter, and then asked the prosecutor if he knew who had robbed him; he said he did not. He said there were two women he should know because they had light cloaks. I laid hold of the two women. He said he had nothing to say against them; he did not know who robbed him. He came to me the next morning, and said, he thought Madan was the likeliest man to rob him. I went with him to the prison, and the prisoners were brought out before him; he said he believed there was not any one person there whom he had seen before. A person called out
<persName id="t17800510-13-person193"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person193" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person193" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he then said he thought he was the man, but he could not swear who robbed him. He went to the justice's; the book was given and he would not swear to him then.</p>
<p>Did he say he was on the bed with one of the women? - Yes; he said he went into a room where there were four beds, and he and a woman were on the bed; the first day he said that he had been robbed of two guineas and an half, and eight shillings and sixpence; afterwards he said he was not robbed of the eight and sixpence, that he gave that to the woman.</p>
<p>Did he appear to have received any blow? - No.</p>
<p>- REDGRAVE sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. Dinmore and I were at the Sun in Great Sutton-street, Clerkenwell, Pearce came with Dinmore's son to us; he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100020"/>said that he had been robbed in New Prison by two men. I said, can you tell who those men are? He replied suppose a person was to come behind you and put a coat over your head, and a handkerchief over your mouth, how could you swear who it was? He came again the next morning and asked for Dinmore and said, he should like to have his money again. I said, how could he expect it if he did not know who robbed him. He said
<persName id="t17800510-13-person194"> Patrick Madan
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person194" type="surname" value="Madan"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person194" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> he had heard was the likeliest person to have robbed him.</p>
<p>(The prisoners were not put on their Defence.)</p>
<rs id="t17800510-13-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-13-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-13-person195"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person195" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person195" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-13-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-14">
<interp inst="t17800510-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-14-off78-c168" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-defend197 t17800510-14-off78 t17800510-14-verdict81"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-14-off78-c169" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-defend199 t17800510-14-off78 t17800510-14-verdict81"/>
<p>232. 233.
<persName id="t17800510-14-defend197" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM TRUBSHAW
<interp inst="t17800510-14-defend197" type="surname" value="TRUBSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-defend197" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-defend197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-14-defend199" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM MILLION
<interp inst="t17800510-14-defend199" type="surname" value="MILLION"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-defend199" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-defend199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-14-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-14-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two large pictures in frames, value 40 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-14-victim201" type="victimName"> James Thompson
<interp inst="t17800510-14-victim201" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-victim201" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-victim201" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-off78 t17800510-14-victim201"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-14-cd79" type="crimeDate">January 29th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-off78 t17800510-14-cd79"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-14-person202"> JAMES THOMPSON
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person202" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person202" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have a house in
<placeName id="t17800510-14-crimeloc80">Great Ormond-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-crimeloc80" type="placeName" value="Great Ormond-street"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-crimeloc80" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-off78 t17800510-14-crimeloc80"/>, which was empty. I had two large oil painted pictures in the house, the subject of one is Jupiter and Io, the other Sampson killing the Philistines with the jaw-bone of an ass; the watchman came and told me on the 30th of January last, that he had found the door open about two in the morning. I took no steps for the recovery of my pictures till about a fortnight ago, when I read in the papers that some people had been taken up for stealing pictures out of an uninhabited house in James-street, Bedford-row. I went to Sir
<persName id="t17800510-14-person203"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person203" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, and found my pictures at an house opposite the office.</p>
<p>How long is it since this house has been inhabited? - It has not been inhabited since before last Midsummer.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-14-person204"> PATRICK MACMANUS
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person204" type="surname" value="MACMANUS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person204" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn:</p>
<p>I went by an information to a house in Grubb-street, there I found some pictures. I took them to Sir
<persName id="t17800510-14-person205"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person205" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person205" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-14-person206"> EDWARD CLARKE
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person206" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person206" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable in Cripplegate parish. Mrs. Shaw came to me and said she had received two large pictures of the prisoners at the bar.</p>
<p>What is Mrs. Shaw? - She deals in second-hand clothes. She said she had heard these two pictures were stolen out of a house which had been broke open; she brought the pictures to my house and said, the frames were in Grubb-street. She said she had lent four shillings and sixpence upon them, and was afraid of getting into trouble. I said, I would make enquiries about it.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. What is the value of these pictures? - I have valued them at four shillings.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-14-person207"> SARAH ASHLEY
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person207" type="surname" value="ASHLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person207" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person207" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> SHAW sworn.</p>
<p>I deal in old clothes.</p>
<p>Do you know the prisoners? - Yes; they brought these pictures in frames to me
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100023"/>on a Saturday at about nine o'clock; it was about three weeks after Christmas; they asked me if they would suit me? I told them they would not. They asked me to lend them half a crown upon them till Monday? I did lend them half a crown. On Sunday Million came alone and asked me to let him have two shillings more, which I did; after that they took them to Mr. Orme's house, in Coopers-alley. He, after they had been there five weeks, would not let them stay there. The frames were taken to Mr. Rosaman's, in Grubb-street. I acquainted Mr. Phillips, one of Sir
<persName id="t17800510-14-person208"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person208" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person208" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men, and he desired to let them stay till he saw them advertised, which they never were. They were fetched away and then I carried the pictures to Mr. Clarke's.</p>
<p>Are you sure the prisoners are the men? - Yes.</p>
<p>Have you ever had any other dealings with them? - No. I knew them; they were some days in Wood-street-Counter when I was there; there I knew them. I was discharged three weeks before Christmas; they were there, I believe, as pressed men.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-14-person209"> THOMAS HAWKINS
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person209" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person209" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was going along Ormond-street with Million some time ago, since Christmas, it was in an afternoon. At the corner of Great Ormond-yard he said, that out of that house he and Trubshaw had got a couple of large pictures, and said they were in the possession of this Mrs. Shaw; he asked me if I knew where to dispose of them for him? I told him I would see what I could do for him, because I lived with a picture frame maker in the Strand; when I was taken up I shewed Jealous the house they were taken out of.</p>
<p>Million and I were in an alehouse together; this woman came and asked one of us to carry a load for her; we both agreed to go with her. We went to Whitecross-street, there I saw these pictures. Million asked her to lend him half a crown, which she did.</p>
<p>Court. Did they bring the pictures to you before they had been in your possession? - Yes, they brought them to me.</p>
<p>This woman asked me to carry them.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Is your house the corner of Great Ormond-yard? - It is.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Before the justice Mrs. Shaw said she received these pictures about a month ago.</p>
<p>Mrs. Shaw. I did not say so.</p>
<p>To Clarke. When did she say she had them before the justice? - She said there she had acquainted me and Phillips with it above a month ago.</p>
<p>Shaw. Mr. Phillips knew it between two and three months ago.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-14-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-14-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-14-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-14-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-14-punish82" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-defend197 t17800510-14-punish82"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-14-defend199 t17800510-14-punish82"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-15">
<interp inst="t17800510-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-15-off83-c179" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-15-defend210 t17800510-15-off83 t17800510-15-verdict85"/>
<persName id="t17800510-15-defend210" type="defendantName"> PETER BURN otherwise
<rs id="t17800510-15-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-15-defend210 t17800510-15-alias-2"/>PATRICK BURKE</rs>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-defend210" type="surname" value="BURN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-defend210" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-defend210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-15-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-15-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a tin cannister, value 5 s. and 19 lb. wt. of bohea tea-dust, value 6 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-15-victim213" type="victimName"> John Sealy
<interp inst="t17800510-15-victim213" type="surname" value="Sealy"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-victim213" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-victim213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-15-victim214" type="victimName"> Bolton Hudson
<interp inst="t17800510-15-victim214" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-victim214" type="given" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-victim214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-15-cd84" type="crimeDate">April 22d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-15-off83 t17800510-15-cd84"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-15-person215"> JOSEPH MAYBANK
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person215" type="surname" value="MAYBANK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person215" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 22d of April about nine o'clock, I saw the prisoner take the cannister of tea out of Messrs. Sealy and Hudson's shop; he stooped down and dragged it out of the shop; it stood on the floor just within the door; he handed it to another man, who put it on his shoulder; I pursued the man who had the cannister, and cried out stop thief! upon which he dropped it. I got hold of him, but he escaped from me. The prisoner was close to him; I seised the prisoner.</p>
<p>What did the prisoner do after he gave the cannister to the other man? - He walked close behind him; I was presently surrounded with people who came to my assistance; the prisoner delared he was not concerned in it. We took him to Mr. Sealy's shop and charged a constable with him.</p>
<p>How far had these men gone from the shop before you cried stop thief, and stopped the prisoner? - About a dozen or twenty yards.</p>
<p>How far was the other man from the prisoner when he took the cannister out of the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100024"/>shop? - About five or six yards; he carried it to him.</p>
<p>Had you observed these two men lurking about the door before? - Yes, two or three minutes; I never lost sight of the prisoner, after I saw him take the cannister, till I secured him.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-15-person216"> EDWARD WILSON
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person216" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person216" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Messrs. Sealy and Hudson. On Saturday evening, the 22d of April, about nine o'clock, I was in the shop with another servant; a man came in and acquainted us that a man had stolen the cannister of tea; it was on the ground close to the door; it has stood in a corner within reach of the door for many years. I went down the street and saw the cannister standing on the ground; the top was lost. I brought it and the prisoner back to the shop.</p>
<p>(The cannister was produced in court and deposed to by Wilson.)</p>
<persName id="t17800510-15-person217"> JOHN CROW
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person217" type="surname" value="CROW"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person217" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I was sent for on the 22d of April to take charge of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Did you hear him say any thing? - No, not a word.</p>
<p>To Maybank. Do you know the cannister? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did you see Wilson take it up? - No, I do not know who took it up; I saw it afterwards in the shop; it is the same I saw the prisoner take out of the shop.</p>
<p>To Wilson. Has Mr. Sealy any partner? - Yes, Mr. Bolton Hudson.</p>
<p>I happened to be coming that way; I saw the man with a cannister on his shoulder; this man went to stop him; I came up to him, and asked him what was the matter; he was going before me, he turned about and said you are one of them, and laid hold of me. I know nothing of the matter.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-15-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-15-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-15-punish86" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-15-punish86" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-15-punish86" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-15-defend210 t17800510-15-punish86"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-16">
<interp inst="t17800510-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-16-off87-c185" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-defend218 t17800510-16-off87 t17800510-16-verdict91"/>
<persName id="t17800510-16-defend218" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH NEALE otherwise
<rs id="t17800510-16-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-defend218 t17800510-16-alias-3"/>NAYLOR</rs>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-defend218" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-defend218" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-defend218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-16-off87" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-16-off87" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-off87" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 4 lb. wt. of moist sugar, value 2 s. and 5 lb. of currants, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-16-victim221" type="victimName"> John Champion
<interp inst="t17800510-16-victim221" type="surname" value="Champion"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-victim221" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-victim221" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-off87 t17800510-16-victim221"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-16-cd88" type="crimeDate">May 2d.</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-off87 t17800510-16-cd88"/> </p>
<persName id="t17800510-16-person222"> WILLIAM BILLING
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person222" type="surname" value="BILLING"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person222" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was servant to Mr. Champion, who is a
<rs id="t17800510-16-viclabel89" type="occupation">grocer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-victim221 t17800510-16-viclabel89"/>. On the 2d of May I saw his man,
<persName id="t17800510-16-person223"> Joseph Neale
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person223" type="surname" value="Neale"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person223" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , hide some sugar and currants in the stable, and cover it with some hay and straw.</p>
<p>What was you turned away for? - I left him because we could not agree for wages. Neale succeeded me as
<rs id="t17800510-16-deflabel90" type="occupation">porter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-defend218 t17800510-16-deflabel90"/> to Mr. Champion. When he came back from the stable I went and examined to see what it was, and found it was moist sugar and currants.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-16-person224"> SAMUEL ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person224" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person224" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. On the 2d of May Mr. Champion sent for me to take charge of the prisoner; he was gone to the India-house. I waited in the counting-house till he came back; then Mr. Champion charged him with the fact; he at first denied it, but when Mr. Champion mentioned the sugar and currants; he confessed taking them, and went down on his knees and begged for mercy. He said he hoped he would forgive him; that he never would be guilty of the like again. There was not any thing said to him to induce him to confess.</p>
<p>(The goods were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<persName id="t17800510-16-person225"> JOHN CHAMPION
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person225" type="surname" value="CHAMPION"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person225" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>What did you turn away Billing for? - We could not agree for wages; he behaved very well.</p>
<p>You got an officer and charged the prisoner with taking this sugar and currants? - Yes; he said the devil was in him, and begged I would forgive him and he would do so no more.</p>
<p>I went to the India house for three chests of tea, after my master had accused me of this fact; he said if I would confess he would
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100025"/>let me go about my business. I brought those three chests safe home, I had no mistrust of any thing at all.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-16-verdict91" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-16-verdict91" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-16-punish92" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-16-punish92" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-16-punish92" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-16-defend218 t17800510-16-punish92"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-17">
<interp inst="t17800510-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-17-off93-c191" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-17-defend227 t17800510-17-off93 t17800510-17-verdict97"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-17-off93-c192" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-17-defend229 t17800510-17-off93 t17800510-17-verdict97"/>
<p>236, 237.
<persName id="t17800510-17-defend227" type="defendantName"> THOMAS WEST
<interp inst="t17800510-17-defend227" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-defend227" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-defend227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-17-defend229" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM WEST
<interp inst="t17800510-17-defend229" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-defend229" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-defend229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-17-off93" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-17-off93" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-off93" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three ounces of silk, value 10 s. 3 lb. of snuff, value 5 s. 3 lb. of cut tobacco, value 5 s. 14 lb. of saltpetre, 13 lb. of lump sugar, value 10 s. and six gross of metal buttons, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-17-victim231" type="victimName"> Richard Davis
<interp inst="t17800510-17-victim231" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-victim231" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-victim231" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-17-off93 t17800510-17-victim231"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-17-cd94" type="crimeDate">February 24th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-17-off93 t17800510-17-cd94"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-17-person232"> RICHARD DAVIS
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person232" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person232" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am
<rs id="t17800510-17-viclabel95" type="occupation">book-keeper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-17-victim231 t17800510-17-viclabel95"/> to the Thame waggon, which comes to the
<placeName id="t17800510-17-crimeloc96">Bell Inn, in Warwick-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-crimeloc96" type="placeName" value="Bell Inn, in Warwick-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-crimeloc96" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-17-off93 t17800510-17-crimeloc96"/>. The things mentioned in the indictment were received by me to be sent by the waggon, on the 24th of February. They were in five parcels; some were to go to Chinner, and some to Thame in Oxfordshire. The waggon was loaded over night. I examined it in the morning, and found one of the lines had been cut; I fastened it again, but did not examine whether any thing was taken out. I did not suspect any thing. When the prisoners were taken up I was called upon. When I saw them I knew them both; they used to come to our yard.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-17-person233"> CHARLES GRUBB
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person233" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person233" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. The prisoners were apprehended on another charge in the country, and brought to the office, in Litchfield-street. We searched them and found some watches in their pockets, and the key of their room in Mary-la-bonne, and there we found these things (producing them) and the bills of parcels. I put the bills of parcel in my pocket, which has since been picked of them.</p>
<p>Which had the key? -
<persName id="t17800510-17-person234"> William West
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person234" type="surname" value="West"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person234" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I believe it was; he said he bought the buttons of a man in the street.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-17-person235"> JAMES HIDE
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person235" type="surname" value="HIDE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person235" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went with Grubb to search the prisoner's lodging. The key was taken from William; he said it was his lodging. I found in the lodging 3 lb. of tobacco and 3 lb. of Scotch snuff (producing them).</p>
<persName id="t17800510-17-person236"> RICHARD CROFTON
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person236" type="surname" value="CROFTON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person236" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-17-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know this bill of parcels to be my hand writing; it is for 3 lb. of tobacco, and 3 lb. of snuff, which I sent to the Bell in Warwick-lane, to go by the Thame waggon.</p>
<p>(The prisoners in their defence denied the charge, and called six witnesses, who gave them a good character.)</p>
<rs id="t17800510-17-verdict97" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-17-verdict97" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-18">
<interp inst="t17800510-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-18-off98-c199" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-defend238 t17800510-18-off98 t17800510-18-verdict102"/>
<persName id="t17800510-18-defend238" type="defendantName"> MARY WILSON
<interp inst="t17800510-18-defend238" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-defend238" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-defend238" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-18-off98" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-18-off98" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-off98" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing five silk stockings, value 25 s. the property of
<persName id="t17800510-18-victim240" type="victimName"> Edward Stanton
<interp inst="t17800510-18-victim240" type="surname" value="Stanton"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-victim240" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-victim240" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-off98 t17800510-18-victim240"/> </persName> , privily in the shop of the said Edward </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-18-cd99" type="crimeDate">April 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-off98 t17800510-18-cd99"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-18-person241"> EDWARD STANTON
<interp inst="t17800510-18-person241" type="surname" value="STANTON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-person241" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an
<rs id="t17800510-18-viclabel100" type="occupation">hosier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-victim240 t17800510-18-viclabel100"/> between
<placeName id="t17800510-18-crimeloc101">Norfolk and Surry-street in the Strand, in the parish of St. Clement Danes</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-crimeloc101" type="placeName" value="Norfolk and Surry-street in the Strand, in the parish of St. Clement Danes"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-crimeloc101" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-off98 t17800510-18-crimeloc101"/>. The prisoners came into my shop and asked to look at some coloured silk stockings; whilst I was shewing her them a lady came for some cotton stockings; I left the prisoner and went to attend the lady. While I was serving the lady, I perceived the prisoner's hand in a position that led me to suspect she had concealed some stockings. As soon as the lady was gone out, I went to the prisoner; she fixed on a pair, and asked me the price of them; I put them in a piece of paper for her. I asked her how she could come to the shop under a pretence of only buying a pair; she told me not to suspect her. I took her cloak aside, and there was these stockings (producing them) under her arm.</p>
<p>What was the value of these five stockings? - Twenty-five shillings I value them at.</p>
<p>Did you find the fellow to that odd stocking left behind? - I did.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-18-person242"> MARY HARRISON
<interp inst="t17800510-18-person242" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-person242" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-person242" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am house-keeper to the prosecutor. I was called up stairs and saw the the prisoner in the parlour; when I came up I searched her; I took these stockings (producing them) out of her right-hand pocket.</p>
<p>What did she say to this? - She begged for mercy.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100026"/>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I have no friends in town I did not know that my trial would come on to-day.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called one witness who gave her a good character.)</p>
<rs id="t17800510-18-verdict102" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-18-verdict102" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-verdict102" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods but not guilty of stealing them privily in the shop </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-18-punish103" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-18-punish103" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-18-punish103" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-defend238 t17800510-18-punish103"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-18-punish104" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-18-punish104" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-18-defend238 t17800510-18-punish104"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-19">
<interp inst="t17800510-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-19-off105-c203" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-defend244 t17800510-19-off105 t17800510-19-verdict109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-19-off105-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-defend246 t17800510-19-off105 t17800510-19-verdict109"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-19-off105-c205" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-defend248 t17800510-19-off105 t17800510-19-verdict109"/>
<p>239, 240, 241.
<persName id="t17800510-19-defend244" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM TRUBSHAW
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend244" type="surname" value="TRUBSHAW"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend244" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17800510-19-defend246" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM MILLION
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend246" type="surname" value="MILLION"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend246" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17800510-19-defend248" type="defendantName"> JAMES STEWARD
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend248" type="surname" value="STEWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend248" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-defend248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-19-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-19-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three pier glasses, value 3 l. one other pier glass, value 5 s. a glass lantern, value 1 s. two bath stoves, value 20 s. three brass locks, and three iron keys, value 2 d. and ten brass screws, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-19-victim250" type="victimName"> Thomas Ryder
<interp inst="t17800510-19-victim250" type="surname" value="Ryder"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-victim250" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-victim250" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-off105 t17800510-19-victim250"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-19-viclabel106" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-victim250 t17800510-19-viclabel106"/>.
<rs id="t17800510-19-cd107" type="crimeDate">April 18th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-off105 t17800510-19-cd107"/>.</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<persName id="t17800510-19-person251"> JOHN BROMFIELD
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person251" type="surname" value="BROMFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person251" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am next door neighbour to the prosecutor, Mr. Ryder; we live in
<placeName id="t17800510-19-crimeloc108">James-street, Bedford-row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-crimeloc108" type="placeName" value="James-street, Bedford-row"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-crimeloc108" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-off105 t17800510-19-crimeloc108"/>. Mr. Ryder having an intention to quit the house applied to me to receive the key of the house, and to shew the house to any person who might be desirous of taking it; I agreed to it; the key was left at my house. There was a considerable quantity of furniture left in it. All the things mentioned in the indictment, except the tea-kettle and lamp; I saw in the house at the time the key was left with me. Upon the 18th of April, a gentleman called on me about five in the evening for the purpose of looking at the house. I tried to open the door, but to no effect. The next day I sent for a smith, and then we found the lock had been broken. We were obliged to open the door by force. I found some brass locks, which had been broke, and some pokers and tongs, and two senders lying on the parlour floor. I then went up to every room in the house. The locks had been broken off most of the chamber doors. I observed that two of the bath stoves had been taken away. When I came down stairs I missed the copper. The cellars were broke open and a quantity of wine was gone. Three pier glasses were taken away, and the glass lantern was gone which had been taken down and placed in an apartment below stairs, and three locks and keys were taken away, and several were lying upon the floor; several more had been attempted which they could not get off.</p>
<p>What occasion had they to break off those locks if they did not take them away? - They were laid upon the parlour floor ready to be taken off at another opportunity.</p>
<p>Do you know any thing of the fact of the prisoners being concerned in it? - No. This was Tuesday the 18th. On Wednesday morning a smith came; we got in; I went to Mr. Ryder's chambers, at Lincoln's Inn, and told him what had happened; I went to Sir
<persName id="t17800510-19-person252"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person252" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person252" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's on the Thursday, and had advertisements inserted in the newspapers containing descriptions of what had been lost, and offering a reward for the apprehension of the parties concerned. The smith mended the lock and nailed up the door where the wine had been taken out, and bolted and barred the doors as strong as he could; on the Thursday morning I went into the house, and found then by the saw-dust about the floor that they had been at the wine again. There was a piece taken out of the door and a great quantity of wine had been taken out. I went to Sir
<persName id="t17800510-19-person253"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person253" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person253" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's again; they said they had detected four men, and a great quantity of wine had been found in their apartments.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-19-person254"> THOMAS BLACKLIDGE
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person254" type="surname" value="BLACKLIDGE"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person254" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a servant to Mr. Ryder. I was sent for from Hendon to come to identify some of the things that were found. I know nothing of the prisoners. When I came from Hendon I went to the
<persName id="t17800510-19-person255"> Brown Bear
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person255" type="surname" value="Bear"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person255" type="given" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , opposite Sir
<persName id="t17800510-19-person256"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person256" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person256" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, to see whether the wine and some other things deposited there were my master's property. There was some sherry, which was a very particular sort which had a remarkable taste, it was remarkably old and exceeding good sherry.</p>
<p>How came you to know the taste of your master's wine? - I fancy there are few servants that do not know the taste of their master's wine.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100027"/>Can you take upon yourself to swear that was the sherry belonging to your master? - No. I never did take upon myself to say that; I then said and believed that it was my master's, but would not attempt positively to swear so.</p>
<p>Was there any thing else which you knew there that was your master's property? - Yes; there was a tea-kettle and lamp, I verily believe to have been my master's, and two hat-pins, which are the same pattern as those which are left in my master's house; the tea-kettle and lamp produced I can safely swear is my master's property; it is very old fashioned; it was left to Mrs. Ryder by her grandmother.</p>
<p>In what capacity was you, does Mr. Ryder keep more servants than you? - I was footman and butler.</p>
<p>Then it was your province to attend the tea service? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was that made use of at the tea table service? - I never saw it made use of; but, when I was at the removing of the things out of the house, I remember seeing it upon the back table; I thought it an old fashioned thing of little worth; I hardly thought it worth removing.</p>
<p>Is there any thing in the make of the bottles to distinguish them? - No.</p>
<p>Or any seal upon the corks to distinguish them? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-19-person257"> MOSES MORANT
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person257" type="surname" value="MORANT"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person257" type="given" value="MOSES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am one of Sir
<persName id="t17800510-19-person258"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person258" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person258" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men. On the 20th of April I went to Cross-lane in Parker-street, St. Giles's, to apprehend the prisoners; there having been an information made against them; there was a person, whose name was Clarke, who shewed us where they lodged, they had separate lodgings. In Trubshaw's room I saw three dozen of wine standing by the bed side; in another room there was more. We took the wine away that was in Trubshaw's room, and in the next room, in which Hawkins lodged, we found some more wine, which we likewise took away.</p>
<p>Was it white or red wine? - There was red wine and white wine of different colours; we took the wine to the Brown-Bear, in Bow-street; the servant saw it there. In searching Trubshaw's clothes we found a tinder-box with tinder in it, matches, flint, steel, and two pieces of candle in his pockets, and between the sacking and the bed I found this dark latern (producing it) and I found these keys (producing about twenty or thirty) and this strong screw turner (producing it) this kettle and lamp came out of the house but who brought it out I cannot say that I recollect.</p>
<p>Were there any brass screws? - In Trubshaw's room I found these two brass pins (producing them). (It appeared that the screws were the same with those which were left in the room.)</p>
<persName id="t17800510-19-person259"> THOMAS DAY
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person259" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person259" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am one of Sir John Fielding's men. Through an information we had, we went to two different houses; in Steward's room, in Parker's-lane, I found these pick-lock keys under his bolster; then I went to Million's lodgings, there I found a quantity of wine in different rooms; Million and Steward lodged in the house.</p>
<p>What quantity of wine? - I cannot positively say.</p>
<p>Million. I did not lodge in the same house.</p>
<p>Day. I was mistaken, I meant the evidence Hawkins. I was not at the apprehending of Million; it was at Steward's lodging I found these pick-lock keys under his bolster.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-19-person260"> PATRICK MACMANUS
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person260" type="surname" value="MACMANUS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person260" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I searched Steward and Million's lodgings. I found this bunch, containing fifty pick-lock keys of different sizes, in Million's apartments; I found four brass nails in Steward's apartments, four bottles of wine, and, I think, some empty wine bottles; and three bottles of wine, with a half dozen of empty ones. I saw Phillips find a cutlass under Million's bed, but Phillips is not here.</p>
<p>What kind of wine was it? - I do not know, I did not taste a drop of what was in his room.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-19-person261"> THOMAS HAWKINS
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person261" type="surname" value="HAWKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person261" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The three prisoners were up in Trubshaw's room on Monday night upon the 17th of April, I was in company with them
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100028"/>there; they asked me if I would get up on Tuesday morning, and go with them. They said they knew of a house which had been empty a long while.</p>
<p>Where did you lodge at this time? - In the same house Trubshaw did, the corner of Cross-lane; Steward had, in play, cut the hand of a young woman who lived with me; she was going to the hospital. I knew I must be up early in the morning to go with her, therefore I declined going with them; they went by themselves; they were up about four o'clock in the morning; they knocked against my room door; I answered them; they said I should be sorry I had not been with them; they said they had got about four guineas. I asked them in what? They said they had got some looking-glasses, and other thing which would fetch them about four guineas.</p>
<p>Who said that? - Trubshaw.</p>
<p>Are you sure the other men where in his company? - Yes. I said, I did not care; the glasses and pewter plates where fetched away before I got up. They then asked me if I would go with them at night to fetch the other things, some coppers, and brass stoves? I accordingly did go with them, on Tuesday night; we fetched two Bath-stoves, a glass lantern, and a copper away; we took them down to Mrs. Mailing's house in Turnmill-street. On Wednesday morning Steward, I, and Million, went again to get some brass locks which were upon the doors. Trubshaw did not go with us then. He said, his head aked so, so he would not get up; we took three or four brass locks off the doors, and a copper, senders, pokers, shovels and tongs, and laid them in the fore parlour, ready to take away; we went down stairs; we saw a door locked; we took the door off the hinges and in that cellar there was a quantity of wine.</p>
<p>What quantity did you take away of the wine? - A great quantity; we went backwards and forwards different times; we then left the brass locks, sender and shovel, in the parlour. We carried off as much wine on Wednesday morning as we could, till it was almost day light. On Wednesday morning Trubshaw and Million got up and went to fetch away the remainder of the wine; the wine that was fetched then was what was found in his room.</p>
<p>How do you know they went to fetch more wine, unless you was with them? - Because he called me and I would not get up; and when Sir
<persName id="t17800510-19-person262"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person262" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person262" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men came they found the wine in his room.</p>
<p>I lay at home abed above a fortnight; he came into my room and asked me, as I was lying abed with a bad leg, if I would drink some wine? and the woman I inhabit with was with me. I drank some of his wine, and was taken with a fit; and in the fit he brought wine into the room, and threw all over my face, and swore he would strangle me if I could not drink; when I came out of the fit again he asked me to let him leave the wine bottles in my room till night. He said it came out of the country from his relations. I said he might; and these gentlemen came and took the wine out of my room; and the two brass hooks, found in my room, he gave the woman I inhabit with for a chimney line.</p>
<p>From Steward. To whom did those picklock keys belong which were taken out of my room? - There is a dozen of picklock keys I bought them of Trubshaw and gave him fifteen shillings for; they were not Steward's, but they were found in Steward's room.</p>
<p>Trubshaw. He made these pick-lock keys with files; he came into my room several times; he said he was a watch-maker by trade; when I went into his room and saw him at work upon them I asked him what he was doing? He said, he was at work in his trade.</p>
<p>The evidence gave me these keys.</p>
<p>(Million called three witnesses who gave him a good character.)</p>
<rs id="t17800510-19-verdict109" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-19-verdict109" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-19-person263"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person263" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person263" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>*** See No. 232, 233.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-19-punish110" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-19-punish110" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-19-punish110" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-defend244 t17800510-19-punish110"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-defend246 t17800510-19-punish110"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-19-defend248 t17800510-19-punish110"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-20">
<interp inst="t17800510-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-20-off111-c220" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-20-defend265 t17800510-20-off111 t17800510-20-verdict113"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100029"/>242.
<persName id="t17800510-20-defend265" type="defendantName"> ANN SIMMONS
<interp inst="t17800510-20-defend265" type="surname" value="SIMMONS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-defend265" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-defend265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-20-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-20-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a green poplin gown, value 7 s. and a cloth cardinal, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-20-victim267" type="victimName"> Jeremiah Andrews
<interp inst="t17800510-20-victim267" type="surname" value="Andrews"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-victim267" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-victim267" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-20-off111 t17800510-20-victim267"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-20-cd112" type="crimeDate">April 12th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-20-off111 t17800510-20-cd112"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-20-person268"> JEREMIAH ANDREWS
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person268" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person268" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 12th of April I went to work at the water side in the morning, and I left my wife and child in the room. My wife came to me about twelve o'clock, and told me my room was broke open. I went home and found the door broke open, and I missed the things mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-20-person269"> FRANCES ANDREWS
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person269" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person269" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person269" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am wife to the last witness. On the 12th of April I lost a cloth cardinal and a gown. I went to the dispensary in Houndsditch, about ten o'clock; I left no one at home; I locked the door. I live in the lower part of the house, there are no other lodgers in the house but ourselves; the landlady lives in the one pair of stairs; some people work in her shop; she keeps a weaver's shop. I came back between eleven and twelve and found my door broke open; the lock was broke in two. I missed my gown and cloak out of the chest; my husband's clothes and the child's were in the chest, but I missed nothing else. I went and fetched my husband. I had no suspicion of any body. Eight or nine days after the landlady of the prisoner came to me and asked me if I had no suspicion of her; that she had money, and wanted to leave the lodging; she had lived servant at a publick-house just by, but was out of place.</p>
<p>Where did she lodge? - Two doors from me. I spoke to her on the Sunday. She said, she would come to me, but did not. About a fortnight after she left her lodging. I went to Bishopsgate work-house; I saw her in the work-house yard. She said, she supposed I only wanted my things; she confessed she had taken them and pawned them for eighteen shillings, at Mr. Davison's in Bishopsgate-street. I went there and saw the gown hang up in the shop. I was surprised at that, as it was pawned; he then told me he had bought it out right; and he told me he had the cloak.</p>
<p>What did you say to her to induce her to confess? - She said, she hoped I would not hurt her if I got my things. I said, I should be glad to get my things, and would be as tender as I could.</p>
<p>(The things were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>EDWARD CLARKE sworn.</p>
<p>I am shopman to Mr. Davison, a pawnbroker, I know nothing of the prisoner; the things were brought to our shop by a Mrs. Busy, who is here as a witness; they were first pawned and afterwards sold out; she told me a long story that they belonged to a young woman, whose husband was pressed.</p>
<p>ELIZABETH BUSY sworn.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-20-person270"> Ann Simmons
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person270" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person270" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-person270" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to me and brought this gown and cloak in her lap. I cannot recollect the day of the month, nor the day of the week; she desired me to pawn them for her; that the young man was on board the tender. I have known her, on and off, some years; I never heard any harm of her; it was about the middle of April, to the best of my remembrance; I thought she came honestly by them; she said, the man was pressed where she was; and that his wife was in great distress, and asked me to pawn them for her. I asked her what the woman's demand was? She said sixteen shillings. I brought her sixteen shillings and a duplicate. She came to me again and said, the poor woman was in distress and must sell them out right; she had the duplicate and went with me and got two shillings more for them, and sold them out right.</p>
<p>To Clarke. Did a woman come with her the second time? - Yes; I believe, it was the prisoner, but I am not sure.</p>
<p>What might they be worth? - Not more than I gave for them to purchase; they might sell for twenty-two or twenty-three shillings.</p>
<p>The prosecutrix came to me in the workhouse and said, if she got her things again she would not hurt a hair of my head, upon the word of a woman.</p>
<p>Clarke. They would have made it up before the justice; but there was a dispute
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100030"/>who should loose the greatest part of the money, they or us; we agreed to loose part of it.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-20-verdict113" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-20-verdict113" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-20-punish114" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-20-punish114" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-20-punish114" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-20-defend265 t17800510-20-punish114"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-21">
<interp inst="t17800510-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-21-off115-c225" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-21-defend272 t17800510-21-off115 t17800510-21-verdict118"/>
<persName id="t17800510-21-defend272" type="defendantName"> JOHN JONES
<interp inst="t17800510-21-defend272" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-defend272" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-defend272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-21-off115" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-21-off115" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-off115" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of steel snuffers mounted with silver, value 10 s. and a French-plate snuffer stand; value 1 s. </rs> the property of St.
<persName id="t17800510-21-victim273" type="victimName"> John Charlton
<interp inst="t17800510-21-victim273" type="surname" value="Charlton"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-victim273" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-victim273" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-21-off115 t17800510-21-victim273"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-21-viclabel116" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-21-victim273 t17800510-21-viclabel116"/>.
<rs id="t17800510-21-cd117" type="crimeDate">April 14th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-21-off115 t17800510-21-cd117"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-21-person274"> RICHARD BARLINGTON
<interp inst="t17800510-21-person274" type="surname" value="BARLINGTON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-person274" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Charlton. On going into my master's pantry, on the 14th of April, between six and seven o'clock in the evening, I found the prisoner behind the pantry door; he asked me for some person, whose name I do not remember; not knowing his person, and seeing that a pair of candlesticks and a table-cloth were removed from the place where I left them, I suspected he had no good design there. I prevented his going out of the pantry, and called one of my fellow servants; upon his coming up the prisoner took these snuffers and the stand from under his coat and put them on the dresser.</p>
<p>Did you see him? - I did; they were left on the dresser to carry up into the parlour after dinner.</p>
<p>(They were produced in court and deposed to by the witness.)</p>
<p>How did he get in? - The area door was left upon, and the other door was not locked; he had two doors to open.</p>
<p>What did he say for himself? - He behaved rather insolent to my master at first, and said he wanted somebody.</p>
<p>I am a hair-dresser by business; I came there to enquire after a servant, whom I taught to dress hair; he was to give me a guinea. I met him by accident; he said he lived at St. John Charlton's, Esq. in Berner's-street; he desired me not to knock at the door but go down the area and open the door and go in; the gentleman called his servants about me, and asked if I knew any of them? I told him they were neither of them the persons.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-21-verdict118" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-21-verdict118" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-21-punish119" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-21-punish119" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-21-punish119" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-21-defend272 t17800510-21-punish119"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-22">
<interp inst="t17800510-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-22-off120-c228" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-22-defend276 t17800510-22-off120 t17800510-22-verdict123"/>
<persName id="t17800510-22-defend276" type="defendantName"> SARAH CLARK
<interp inst="t17800510-22-defend276" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-defend276" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-defend276" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-22-off120" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-22-off120" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-off120" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing seven linen table-cloths, value 12 s. three linen pillow cases, value 3 s. three dimity petticoats, value 20 s. three linen sheets, value 3 s. and a linen quilt, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-22-victim278" type="victimName"> Joseph Parry
<interp inst="t17800510-22-victim278" type="surname" value="Parry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-victim278" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-victim278" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-22-off120 t17800510-22-victim278"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-22-cd121" type="crimeDate">May 1st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-22-off120 t17800510-22-cd121"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-22-person279"> JOSEPH PARRY
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person279" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person279" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17800510-22-crimeloc122">Stanhope-street, Clare-market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-crimeloc122" type="placeName" value="Stanhope-street, Clare-market"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-crimeloc122" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-22-off120 t17800510-22-crimeloc122"/>. On Monday the 1st of May, between the hours of six and seven in the evening, a girl came to my door and said, a woman was gone out of my house with a bundle of linen in her apron. I pursued her, and the little girl along with me, into Blackmore-street. I took her there with the linen in her apron (producing it.)</p>
<p>Did you know the prisoner before? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-22-person280"> MARTHA PARRY
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person280" type="surname" value="PARRY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person280" type="given" value="MARTHA"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person280" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>These are all my property; some of them are not marked, and some are; those not marked are new. I know the pillow-cases by the make of them; I made them in a manner that, I believe, pillow-cases never were made in before. The petticoats are new; I know them by the work; they were all hanging to dry in the garret; the door was on the latch for the men to go through the passage.</p>
<p>What men? - The bricklayer's labourers; my husband is a bricklayer.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-22-person281"> MARY WATSON
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person281" type="surname" value="WATSON"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person281" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-22-person281" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live opposite Mr. Parry's; I was at work at the window, I saw a woman go in without any thing, and come out with a great bundle; she went into the next house first, and then went in there; she staid in the house about half an hour. I sent to Mr. Parry's to know if they had given that woman a bundle of linen?</p>
<p>Are you sure the prisoner is the woman? - I believe she is, I cannot be positive; I described her gown and bonnet and cloak,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100031"/>to Mr. Parry before he went after her; I believe they are the same she has on now.</p>
<p>As I was going to see an acquaintance I found this bundle at the door; there was nobody in the street at this time. I took it up and put it into my apron; as I was walking along a little after I was taken with the things; I did not know they were stolen till I was taken.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called three witnesses who gave her a good character.)</p>
<rs id="t17800510-22-verdict123" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-22-verdict123" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-23">
<interp inst="t17800510-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-23-off125-c233" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-23-defend282 t17800510-23-off125 t17800510-23-verdict129"/>
<persName id="t17800510-23-defend282" type="defendantName"> MARY the
<rs id="t17800510-23-deflabel124" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-23-defend282 t17800510-23-deflabel124"/> of John ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17800510-23-defend282" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-defend282" type="given" value="MARY John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-defend282" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-23-off125" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-23-off125" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-off125" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing fourteen pewter pint-pots, value 7 s. and three pewter quart-pots. value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-23-victim286" type="victimName"> Joseph Bailey
<interp inst="t17800510-23-victim286" type="surname" value="Bailey"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-victim286" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-victim286" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-23-off125 t17800510-23-victim286"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-23-cd126" type="crimeDate">April 10th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-23-off125 t17800510-23-cd126"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-23-person287"> JOSEPH BAILEY
<interp inst="t17800510-23-person287" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-person287" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17800510-23-viclabel127" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-23-victim286 t17800510-23-viclabel127"/> in
<placeName id="t17800510-23-crimeloc128">White-Cross-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-crimeloc128" type="placeName" value="White-Cross-street"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-crimeloc128" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-23-off125 t17800510-23-crimeloc128"/>. On the 10th of April I lost the pots mentioned in the indictment; I can only speak to the property.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-23-person288"> MARGARET TRAVIS
<interp inst="t17800510-23-person288" type="surname" value="TRAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-person288" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-23-person288" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I had been of an errand in White-Cross-street. I saw the prisoner about twenty yards from Mr. Bailey's house with the pots in her hand and her apron thrown over them. I asked her whose pots they where? She told me they were not mine. I insisted upon taking the pots from her. She said she had taken them by way of playing a joke with the boy. I got assistance and we took her to Mr. Bailey's house.</p>
<p>(The pots were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The boy generally leaves the pots at the corner of the court while he goes to collect the others.</p>
<p>I did not intend to take them away.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Her husband is an honest hard working man; he has been with me several times. I beg your lordship will shew her as much mercy as you can.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-23-verdict129" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-23-verdict129" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-24">
<interp inst="t17800510-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-24-off130-c237" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-24-defend290 t17800510-24-off130 t17800510-24-verdict133"/>
<persName id="t17800510-24-defend290" type="defendantName"> HENRY COWEN
<interp inst="t17800510-24-defend290" type="surname" value="COWEN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24-defend290" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24-defend290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-24-off130" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-24-off130" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24-off130" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver pap-spoon, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-24-victim292" type="victimName"> John Mashador
<interp inst="t17800510-24-victim292" type="surname" value="Mashador"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24-victim292" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24-victim292" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-24-off130 t17800510-24-victim292"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-24-cd131" type="crimeDate">April 7th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-24-off130 t17800510-24-cd131"/>.</p>
<p>MATTHEW THOMPSON sworn.</p>
<p>On the 7th of April, at about seven in the evening, while I was sitting in a back room adjoining to Mr. Mashador's shop, I heard a window break (he
<rs id="t17800510-24-viclabel132" type="occupation">keeps a pawnbroker's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-24-victim292 t17800510-24-viclabel132"/>). I ran out to see what it was, there was nobody there; but I observed that the window was broke by the plate board. I went in again and told Mrs. Mashador that her window was broke; and I thought there were some thieves about; she desired me to shut up the shop. I said no, I would watch them if I could; I went and stood in a publick-house opposite; the prisoner and two more came by the publick-house; they were in discourse; they looked at our house. About a minute after I saw the prisoner looking at the plate in the window by himself; he looked about on one side and the other, and then put his hand into the hole and drew something out; I could not see what it was; as soon as he had done so he held his hand down by his side and walked two or three steps, and then fell a running. I ran across the way and catched hold of him about three doors from our house; we had a struggle together; and one of the men, who were with him came up and swore at me, and asked me what I had to do with the man? I got hold of him by the collar. I said, I had him safe and would not let him go; he threw the spoon into the highway. I took up the spoon and carried him to a publick-house.</p>
<p>(The spoon was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>I was coming along a little after seven o'clock, two young fellows ran against me.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100032"/>I heard something drop; I did not know what it was; and this gentleman laid hold of me.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-24-verdict133" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-24-verdict133" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-24-punish134" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-24-punish134" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-24-punish134" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-24-defend290 t17800510-24-punish134"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17800510-24-punish135" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-24-punish135" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-24-defend290 t17800510-24-punish135"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-25">
<interp inst="t17800510-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-25-off136-c239" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-25-defend293 t17800510-25-off136 t17800510-25-verdict139"/>
<persName id="t17800510-25-defend293" type="defendantName"> SHADRACK DUNKLEY
<interp inst="t17800510-25-defend293" type="surname" value="DUNKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-defend293" type="given" value="SHADRACK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-defend293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-25-off136" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-25-off136" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-off136" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> coining a halfpenny </rs>,
<rs id="t17800510-25-cd137" type="crimeDate">June the 15th 1779</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-25-off136 t17800510-25-cd137"/>.</p>
<p>2d Count. For coining a piece of false, feigned, and counterfeit money, to the likeness of an halfpenny.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person294"> JOSEPH GATES
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person294" type="surname" value="GATES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person294" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>About the 15th of June last we had an information that some coining business was carried on at
<placeName id="t17800510-25-crimeloc138">No. 9, Huggin's-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-crimeloc138" type="placeName" value="No. 9, Huggin's-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-crimeloc138" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-25-off136 t17800510-25-crimeloc138"/>; we went there about four in the afternoon; we attempted to break open the house, which we effected with some difficulty. I got in at the window as the doors were locked. I went down into the cellar, there I saw a large quantity of halfpence, a fly, and a candle burning by it; the halfpence were quite warm.</p>
<p>Was there the appearance of people having been at work? - Yes; there were a great many dies, a press, a cutting out engine, and an instrument for milling the halfpence.</p>
<p>How many halfpence did you find there? - About two or three pounds.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person295"> HANNAH BERRY
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person295" type="surname" value="BERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person295" type="given" value="HANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person295" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lived in the house with the prisoner; I was servant to him; the dwelling-house was No. 28, in Giltspur-street.</p>
<p>Had he any other house? - Yes, at No. 9, Huggins-lane. That house he used to make halfpence in; I saw that done the very morning that Harper was taken.</p>
<p>What did you see done? - Counterfeit halfpence made by Dunkley, Harper, and Harper's brother. That was on the 15th of June.</p>
<p>Where did they work? - In the cellar.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>You do not know whose house it was? - The house belonged to Mr. Milward.</p>
<p>How many persons were at work at the halfpence that morning? - Sometimes three and sometimes four.</p>
<p>How came you to remember that day in particular, it being almost a year ago? - Because Harper was taken up that day, and was in trouble the 16th. I was taken into custody myself as being the housekeeper.</p>
<p>Did you give evidence against Harper? - No.</p>
<p>Did you give evidence against any body? - No.</p>
<p>Did you say you knew nothing about any coining? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was that upon oath? - No. I was cleared before my Lord Mayor.</p>
<p>Court. You say you saw Harper, his brother, and the prisoner at work, what were they doing? - Making halfpence.</p>
<p>How came you to be there? - I was hired as a servant to them at the house in Huggins-lane.</p>
<p>What part of the work did the prisoner do? - Sometimes he used to cut, sometimes print; he was cutting out that morning.</p>
<p>Counsel. What was
<persName id="t17800510-25-person296"> Richard Harper
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person296" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person296" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> doing? - Printing.</p>
<p>What do you mean by printing of them? - Stamping of them.</p>
<p>How many used to work the fly? - Sometimes one, sometimes two.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person297"> JOHN HARPER
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person297" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person297" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Were you in this house, No. 9, in Huggins-lane, on the 15th of June? - Yes; there were me, my brother, and the prisoner Dunkley was employed in cutting out blanks for making halfpence; and I was working the fly. A woman was attending the press; I do not know her right name; they gave her a nick name. I worked as journeyman to Dunkley and my brother I I had been employed only eight days.</p>
<p>Do you remember the time the officers came and broke into the house? - I remember their being at the door; I got away while they were at the door; my brother got out another way. Dunkley was just gone out to fetch some copper.</p>
<p>Do you know the prisoner's hand-writing? - No.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100033"/>Court. There was a woman employed? Yes.</p>
<p>How was she employed? - To put the halfpence in the dies after they were cut out.</p>
<p>Who was that woman? - I do not know her name.</p>
<p>Should you know her if you saw her? - Yes.</p>
<p>Was it the woman who gave evidence? - No.</p>
<p>Do you know Berry? - Yes; she was the servant.</p>
<p>Where was she that morning? - In the house.</p>
<p>Was she in the cellar that morning? - I do not know that she was. She was in the cellar most mornings. She used to come and fetch us to breakfast and dinner.</p>
<p>Did she ever assist you? - No.</p>
<p>Should you know the other woman? - Yes, if I was to see her.</p>
<p>Did you begin that work that morning before he went out? - Yes, we were at work all the morning together.</p>
<p>How did you escape? - I got over a wall into the church-yard.</p>
<p>When did you first discover this affair? My brother was the first who told Jealous of this man.</p>
<p>Was you ever taken into custody? - No.</p>
<p>When did you first make any discovery about this matter? - About six weeks ago, I went voluntarily to Mr. Clarke.
<persName id="t17800510-25-person298"> Hannah Berry
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person298" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person298" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person298" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was going and I went.</p>
<p>Had you any quarrel with this man? - He had not behaved honestly to my brother; he had cheated him out of some money I believe.</p>
<p>What had
<persName id="t17800510-25-person299"> Hannah Berry
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person299" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person299" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person299" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to do with that? - She was acquainted with my brother.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>The strange woman put the blanks between the dies to be stamped all that morning? - I believe so.</p>
<p>Were the strange woman and
<persName id="t17800510-25-person300"> Hannah Berry
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person300" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person300" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person300" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> both there while they were making these halfpence, she must have seen this strange woman? - She was in the house; I do not know that she was in the cellar.</p>
<p>But if she was in the cellar she must have seen this woman? - Yes.</p>
<p>CHARLES JEALOUS sworn.</p>
<p>I apprehended the prisoner in April last. I searched his lodging in Giltspur-street. I found two five shilling papers of bad half-pence in the drawer in the one-pair of-stairs (producing them). In the garret I found a quantity of blanks which are not struck.</p>
<p>Court. Are those halfpence you found good or counterfeit? - Counterfeit.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Do you know whose apartments they were in which the things were found? - The house was all his own. I asked him who they belonged to? He said they were his, he found them.</p>
<p>When was that? - Last April, in Giltspur-street.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person301"> REUBEN FLETCHER
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person301" type="surname" value="FLETCHER"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person301" type="given" value="REUBEN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a monier of the Mint (inspects the money produced) they are all counterfeit.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person302"> Hannah Berry
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person302" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person302" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person302" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17800510-25-person303"> Richard Harper
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person303" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person303" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had a lodging in my house in Giltspur-street; she went by the name of
<persName id="t17800510-25-person304"> Hannah Berry
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person304" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person304" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person304" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and lived with
<persName id="t17800510-25-person305"> Richard Harper
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person305" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person305" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . They had the parlour, second floor, and garret. When she was examined at the Mansion-house, she went by the name of Harris. After they left the lodging I found these half-pence concealed in the two-pair-of-stairs closet; they remained in the house till the officer searched and found them. I am a joiner and cabinet-maker.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person306"> Hannah Berry
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person306" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person306" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person306" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Did you ever see Dunkley write? - Yes.</p>
<p>Are you acquainted with his hand-writing? - Not much (a book shewn her). I believe I remember that book, it was found in the house in Huggins-lane; I know the book very well, I have seen it many times before; I believe it is all his hand-writing.</p>
<p>(Two sheets of paper shown her.)</p>
<p>Are these his hand-writing too? - Yes, these books were taken out of the house in Huggins-lane.</p>
<p>To Harper. Can you tell me what they mean by leather in their account? - I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100034"/>know nothing at all of that; I was there but eight days.</p>
<p>To Berry. Is Dunkley a shoemaker? - No, he went for a carpenter. I have known him two years; I never knew him carry on that business.</p>
<p>- MILWARD sworn.</p>
<p>Are you the landlord of the house No. 9, Huggins-lane? - Yes.</p>
<p>Do you know any thing of the prisoner? - I cannot swear that he is the man whom I let the house to.</p>
<p>In what name was it taken of you? - In the name of Dighton.</p>
<p>Do you think the prisoner is the man? - He is like him; I cannot swear he is the man.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>JOHN BROWN sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner nine or ten years; he has worked for me; he always behaved very well.</p>
<p>Has he been employed by you these two years? - Yes; he has worked for me in Drury-lane, Mary-la-bonne, and in Kent-street.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-25-person307"> ELISABETH MORGAN
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person307" type="surname" value="MORGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person307" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person307" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you know
<persName id="t17800510-25-person308"> Richard Harper
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person308" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person308" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - Yes. Hannah Berry lodged with him in the prisoner's house, in Giltspur-street.</p>
<p>Did she live there when the prisoner was taken up? - No. She was gone seven months before that;
<persName id="t17800510-25-person309"> Richard Harper
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person309" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person309" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-25-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> often gave her money to pay for things she bought of me.</p>
<p>Have you seen him give her money? - Yes, upon my honour; and asked if she wanted more; upon the word of a woman.</p>
<p>Upon your oath? - Yes.</p>
<p>How long is it since she came to lodge there? - About fifteen months ago.</p>
<p>Do you remember the time Harper was taken up? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did she lodge in the prisoner's house then? - Yes, upon my oath she did. I have been there and seen her in bed. I know her very well; she always bore a good character.</p>
<p>(The prisoner called five other witnesses who gave him a good character.)</p>
<rs id="t17800510-25-verdict139" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-25-verdict139" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-26">
<interp inst="t17800510-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-26-off140-c256" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-26-defend311 t17800510-26-off140 t17800510-26-verdict144"/>
<persName id="t17800510-26-defend311" type="defendantName"> ANN JONES
<interp inst="t17800510-26-defend311" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-defend311" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-defend311" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-26-off140" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-26-off140" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-off140" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a quart pewter pot, value 6 d. and six pint pewter pots, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-26-victim313" type="victimName"> John Lloyd
<interp inst="t17800510-26-victim313" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-victim313" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-victim313" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-26-off140 t17800510-26-victim313"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-26-cd141" type="crimeDate">April 30th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-26-off140 t17800510-26-cd141"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-26-person314"> JOHN LLOYD
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person314" type="surname" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person314" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17800510-26-viclabel142" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-26-victim313 t17800510-26-viclabel142"/>. I keep the
<placeName id="t17800510-26-crimeloc143">King's Head, in Compton-street, Soho</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-crimeloc143" type="placeName" value="King's Head, in Compton-street, Soho"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-crimeloc143" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-26-off140 t17800510-26-crimeloc143"/>. On Sunday the 30th of April, the prisoner was apprehended stealing some pots of mine. I know nothing of the fact myself, I only speak to the property.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-26-person315"> ELISABETH WARREN
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person315" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person315" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person315" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Lloyd. When I was gathering in my master's pots, I left six pints and one quart pot in a passage up an alley while I went up stairs; when I came down they were gone. I looked about and saw the prisoner with something in her apron; I called out to her, upon which she began to run. I followed and overtook her at the corner of Dean street. I asked her what she had in her lap; she said nothing of mine. I said she had. Then she loosed her apron and threw the pots down. Some people gathered round us, and she was secured.</p>
<p>(The pots were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>What she was sworn is false; I never had one of them.</p>
<rs id="t17800510-26-verdict144" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-26-verdict144" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17800510-26-person316"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person316" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person316" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17800510-26-punish145" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-26-punish145" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-26-punish145" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="fine"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-26-defend311 t17800510-26-punish145"/>
<note>[Fine. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17800510-27">
<interp inst="t17800510-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27" type="year" value="1780"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17800510"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27" type="date" value="17800510"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17800510-27-off146-c261" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-27-defend317 t17800510-27-off146 t17800510-27-verdict150"/>
<persName id="t17800510-27-defend317" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH BILEY otherwise
<rs id="t17800510-27-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-27-defend317 t17800510-27-alias-4"/>BRUSH</rs>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-defend317" type="surname" value="BILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-defend317" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-defend317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17800510-27-off146" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17800510-27-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a Cow, value 10 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17800510-27-victim320" type="victimName"> Patrick Waters
<interp inst="t17800510-27-victim320" type="surname" value="Waters"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-victim320" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-victim320" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-27-off146 t17800510-27-victim320"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17800510-27-cd147" type="crimeDate">March 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-27-off146 t17800510-27-cd147"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-27-person321"> PATRICK WATERS
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person321" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person321" type="given" value="PATRICK"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Essex. The prisoner is a
<rs id="t17800510-27-deflabel148" type="occupation">drover</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-27-defend317 t17800510-27-deflabel148"/>.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100035"/>I have often I employed him; he lived with me as a servant fifteen years ago. I had about three acres of land at
<placeName id="t17800510-27-crimeloc149">Islington</placeName>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-crimeloc149" type="placeName" value="Islington"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-crimeloc149" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17800510-27-off146 t17800510-27-crimeloc149"/>, where I keep cows for the purpose of selling them. There were four cows left in the field on Saturday the 4th of March. When I went out of town, three of them were fat, and one was ready to calve. I was at Buckingham.
<persName id="t17800510-27-person322"> William Hayes
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person322" type="surname" value="Hayes"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person322" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was to give these cows meat till I came again. I always come every week on Wednesday or Thursday. I returned on Wednesday the 8th; then the cow was missing; she was found in the possession of
<persName id="t17800510-27-person323"> John Martin
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person323" type="surname" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person323" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who lives in Goswell-street. It was a red cow with a white face. I had had her more than a month.</p>
<p>Are you sure it was your cow? - She was; she cost me nine pounds fifteen shillings at Leighton Buzzard fair; she was a short horned cow.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-27-person324"> WILLIAM HAYES
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person324" type="surname" value="HAYES"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person324" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live close by the field. I keep a public-house; Mr. Waters puts up with me. Mr. Waters went out of town on Saturday, and left this cow, with three more in the field under my care. The three fat ones were to go to market on Monday morning; the other was to be taken care of till he came to town again. The salesman was to send for them. I saw the cow in the field on Sunday night at seven or eight o'clock; I missed her on the Monday. I enquired of every body whom I thought likely to give any information of her; but I did not hear of her till just as Mr. Waters came to town again, which was on the Wednesday following; then I found her in Mr. Martin's cow-house.</p>
<p>You are sure it was the cow? - Yes. She had been in that field ten days, I suppose; we claimed the cow as Mr. Waters's property.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-27-person325"> JOHN MARTIN
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person325" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person325" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a milkman. I keep some cows to serve me with milk for my own customers. I have lived in Goswell-street eighteen years.</p>
<p>How many milkwomen do you employ? - Three or four buy milk of me besides what I send out myself.</p>
<p>Did you buy any cow in March last? - The prisoner came to our house on Monday morning and asked me if I had any cow to part with for he had one to dispose of; I swapped a good cow of mine; I did not buy nor sell; I gave him a guinea and an half to boot.</p>
<p>Did he bring a cow with him when he came to you - Yes, and he took my cow away.</p>
<p>At what time in the morning did he come to you? - About seven o'clock. I was just going out with my milk.</p>
<p>Did you ever see him before? - Yes, many a time.</p>
<p>What is he? - He goes about for one cow job and another, and drives to market, and such things as that, and he drives calves.</p>
<p>Was this the cow which was owned at your house by Mr. Waters and Mr. Hayes? - It was. He drove my cow away; I have never seen her since.</p>
<p>Did you ask him how he came by the cow? - No; I knew he went about jobbing from one to another.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Do not you know you went up with me on the Sabbath day, to look at the cow?</p>
<p>Martin. He took a man of mine,
<persName id="t17800510-27-person326"> Thomas Rogers
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person326" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person326" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on Sunday to look at the cow in a field where it was.</p>
<p>Prisoner. We went in and drank at Mr. Hayes's; he knew very well, we came to look at the cow?</p>
<p>Martin. It was my man went to look at the cow, on Sunday not me.</p>
<p>To Hayes. Did the prisoner and
<persName id="t17800510-27-person327"> Tom Rogers
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person327" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person327" type="given" value="Tom"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person327" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> drink at your house on Sunday? - I do not recollect seeing them there.</p>
<p>Was the field fastened, or how? - I cannot say; the gate is frequently thrown open by people going through the field.</p>
<persName id="t17800510-27-person328"> THOMAS ROGERS
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person328" type="surname" value="ROGERS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person328" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17800510-27-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Martin. The prisoner came to my master's house on Sunday and told him, he had a cow in calf to sell, and he would make a rap between my master's fat cow and that if he thought proper. He asked my master to go up and look at this same cow; my master was very poorly, and he could not go on account of his milk; this was in the morning. He came down again in the afternoon to our house; then I went
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="178005100036"/>down with him; it was in the field along with the other three.</p>
<p>You liked the cow did you? - Yes, she was likely to give some milk when she calved; I liked the looks of the cow well enough. I told my master the cow would suit him very well if they could agree.</p>
<p>This is the cow which was found at your master's? - Yes the same cow.</p>
<p>Did you go to drink at Mr. Hayes's? - Yes, we had a pint of beer.</p>
<p>Was that after you had seen the cow or before? - After. I paid for the beer myself, he was at the door with me, and drank part of the beer with me.</p>
<p>Did you say any thing about the cows to Mr. Hayes? - No.</p>
<p>To Waters. Do you know the prisoner? - Yes; I have known him some years.</p>
<p>Has he ever jobbed for you? - He lived with me about fifteen years ago.</p>
<p>Did he ever use to drive your cattle for you? - He does as many at Islington do; when people buy cattle; they take them home. He has been a drover twenty years I suppose or better.</p>
<p>You had not ordered him to sell this cow for you, had you? - No, I had not.</p>
<p>Is he a married man? - Yes, we have two of his children in our workhouse; his wife has run away.</p>
<p>I lived in the prisoner's family five years; I lived with his brother from the beginning of his business to his ending; I have sold him a good many beasts in my life on time or other; he asked me to take the three beasts to market; he must have somebody and I might as well take them. I said that cow would not stay by herself; he said if I could find any body who would give a tolerable good price for her, I might sell her; I went down to Scotch Johnny; I have trusted him twenty pounds at a time. He has always behaved very civil; I had no thoughts of any thing of this. Somebody robbed me of two or three guineas of the money I sold the cow for, and I was ashamed to go to Mr. Waters, or this would not have happened.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Did you tell him he might sell them? - I would not have put him in trust to sell a cow for me. He asked to drive the three fat beasts to market for me? I said he might take them down; I would give him sixpence to take them down. Mr. Hayes had particular charge to take care of this cow, and to give her hay.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I drove the three fat cows down to market on the Monday morning.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. He delivered these three cows very safe to Mr. Bransworth; the cow he had of this man he put to one Lost to sell; he took the money she sold for and ran away.</p>
<p>To Hayes. When you missed the cow on the Monday morning were the three fat cows remaining there? - No; they were all gone; then I enquired of the salesman at night; he told me this man had brought the three fat cows down to him. I thought then that the other cow had gone out of the field after them.</p>
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<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17800510-28-defend330" type="defendantName"> MARY GARDENER
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