<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 19th of May, 1779, and the following Days;
<p>Being the FIFTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble
<persName id="f17790519-1-person1"> SAMUEL PLUMBE
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person1" type="surname" value="PLUMBE"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person1" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="f17790519-1-person2"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person3"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person3" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , And Published by Authority.</p>
<p>NUMBER V. PART I.</p>
<p>Printed for
<persName id="f17790519-1-person4"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person4" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person4" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17790519-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> SAMUEL PLUMBE
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person5" type="surname" value="PLUMBE"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person5" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="f17790519-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person6" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person6" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the City of London; the Honourable
<persName id="f17790519-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> EDWARD WILLES
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person7" type="surname" value="WILLES"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person7" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. One of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's-Bench; The Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17790519-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> BEAUMONT HOTHAM
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person8" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person8" type="given" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder;
<persName id="f17790519-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> FRANCIS MASSIERES
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person9" type="surname" value="MASSIERES"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person9" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Cursitor Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer, Deputy Recorder; and others his Majesty's Justices, of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London and Justices of the Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Joseph Brown
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person10" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person10" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Robert Hexham
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person11" type="surname" value="Hexham"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person11" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person12" type="jurorName"> George Atwood
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person12" type="surname" value="Atwood"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person12" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Hulme
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person13" type="surname" value="Hulme"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person14" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person14" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Rogers
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person15" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person16" type="jurorName"> George Gibson
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person16" type="surname" value="Gibson"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person16" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Ware
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person17" type="surname" value="Ware"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person18" type="jurorName"> John Blackett
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person18" type="surname" value="Blackett"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person18" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person19" type="jurorName"> William Sheringdon
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person19" type="surname" value="Sheringdon"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person19" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Nicholas Thomas Nash
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person20" type="surname" value="Thomas Nash"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person20" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Smith
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<interp inst="f17790519-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Peter Theobald
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person22" type="surname" value="Theobald"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person22" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Charles Thomas
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person23" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person23" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person24" type="jurorName"> William Clark
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person24" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person24" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person25" type="jurorName"> John Davis
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person25" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person25" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William James Chambers
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person26" type="surname" value="James Chambers"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Richard Clifford
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person27" type="surname" value="Clifford"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person27" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person28" type="jurorName"> William Crofts
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person28" type="surname" value="Crofts"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person28" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person29" type="jurorName"> William Willey
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person29" type="surname" value="Willey"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person29" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Humphry Simmonds
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person30" type="surname" value="Simmonds"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person30" type="given" value="Humphry"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person31" type="jurorName"> James Grange
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person31" type="surname" value="Grange"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person31" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person32" type="jurorName"> John Smith
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person32" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person32" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Nicholas Middleton
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person33" type="surname" value="Middleton"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person33" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Charles Barron
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person34" type="surname" value="Barron"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person34" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person35" type="jurorName"> William Nelson
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person35" type="surname" value="Nelson"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person35" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Robert Nash
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person36" type="surname" value="Nash"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person36" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Thomas Nash
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person37" type="surname" value="Nash"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person37" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person38" type="jurorName"> William Oddy
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person38" type="surname" value="Oddy"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person38" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person39" type="jurorName"> John Goodwin
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person39" type="surname" value="Goodwin"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person39" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person40" type="jurorName"> James Murray
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person40" type="surname" value="Murray"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person40" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person41" type="jurorName"> Angus M'Kinnon
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person41" type="surname" value="M'Kinnon"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person41" type="given" value="Angus"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person42" type="jurorName"> John Edkins
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person42" type="surname" value="Edkins"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person42" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Golden Cock
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person43" type="surname" value="Cock"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person43" type="given" value="Golden"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person44" type="jurorName"> Daniel Golding
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person44" type="surname" value="Golding"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person44" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17790519-1-person45" type="jurorName"> William Stable
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person45" type="surname" value="Stable"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person45" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17790519-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17790519-1-defend46" type="defendantName"> MARY the
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<interp inst="t17790519-1-off2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing eight cloth coats, value 8 l. the property of
<persName id="t17790519-1-victim50" type="victimName"> Anne Welch
<interp inst="t17790519-1-victim50" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-victim50" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-victim50" type="gender" value="female"/>
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-1-victim50 t17790519-1-viclabel3"/>, in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17790519-1-person51"> John Walker
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<interp inst="t17790519-1-person51" type="given" value="John"/>
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<rs id="t17790519-1-cd4" type="crimeDate">April 3d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-1-off2 t17790519-1-cd4"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-1-person52"> ANNE WELCH
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person52" type="surname" value="WELCH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person52" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person52" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I work for the prisoner. She
<rs id="t17790519-1-deflabel5" type="occupation">makes clothes for the army</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-1-defend46 t17790519-1-deflabel5"/>. The prisoner gave me four coats to make, and I had five from another person. I lost eight out of my room. The prisoner confessed she took four out of my room.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-1-person53"> WILLIAM SCOTT
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person53" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person53" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 5th of April,
<persName id="t17790519-1-person54"> Anne Welch
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person54" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person54" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-1-person54" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to me and said she had been robbed of eight coats; that she heard that Mrs. Frasier had opened her door with a small key, and robbed her. I went to Frasier and asked her if she had been at Welch's; she said, yes, she had been in her room and taken four coats; that one
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190003"/> of them was her own, but three were not. She said, had there been twenty she should have taken them all, because she thought they all belonged to her master's warehouse.</p>
<p>(The prisoner was not put on her defence.)</p>
<rs id="t17790519-1-verdict6" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-1-verdict6" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<p>256, 257.
<persName id="t17790519-2-defend56" type="defendantName"> ELISABETH CARTER
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<interp inst="t17790519-2-defend56" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
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<persName id="t17790519-2-defend58" type="defendantName"> ANNE BOLTON
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<interp inst="t17790519-2-defend58" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
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<interp inst="t17790519-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. a steel watch chain, value 1 s. a steel watch-hook, value 1 d. and a base-metal watch key, value 1 d. the property of
<persName id="t17790519-2-victim60" type="victimName"> William Williamson
<interp inst="t17790519-2-victim60" type="surname" value="Williamson"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-victim60" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-victim60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>, and the other for
<rs id="t17790519-2-off8" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-2-off8" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-off8" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the above goods well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-2-cd9" type="crimeDate">May 3d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-2-off7 t17790519-2-cd9"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-2-off8 t17790519-2-cd9"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-2-person61"> WILLIAM WILLIAMSON
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person61" type="surname" value="WILLIAMSON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17790519-2-viclabel10" type="occupation">bricklayer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-2-victim60 t17790519-2-viclabel10"/>. On the third of this month about one o'clock in the day, as I was going to work, I met the prisoner Carter, she asked me to go with her to her apartment; I went with her to her lodging in
<placeName id="t17790519-2-crimeloc11">Cross-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-crimeloc11" type="placeName" value="Cross-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-crimeloc11" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-2-off7 t17790519-2-crimeloc11"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-2-off8 t17790519-2-crimeloc11"/>.</p>
<p>Did you know her before? - No; I never saw her before in my life.</p>
<p>Was you in liquor? - No. I had had some liquor, but I was compos mentis. I did not stay in the house ten minutes; she went out for a pot of beer, and I immediately missed my watch; there was to it a steel chain, a steel hook, and a base-metal key. She locked the door, turned the key, and went off.</p>
<p>Did you see the watch in her hand? - Yes, as she went out to order the beer. She never came in any more. She had not put it in her pocket then; I saw it really in her hand; the constable found it on the Tuesday evening after.</p>
<p>What day of the week was this? - Monday, the third of this month; it wanted ten minutes to one o'clock.</p>
<p>Are you married or single? - A single man. I had been out of business some time.</p>
<p>Was there any other person in the room besides Carter? - No.</p>
<p>Was there no person with you when she picked you up? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-2-person62"> DANIEL WEVERTON
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person62" type="surname" value="WEVERTON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person62" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a wire-worker.
<persName id="t17790519-2-person63"> Anne Bolton
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person63" type="surname" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person63" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person63" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> the prisoner is an opposite neighbour of mine.</p>
<p>Is she a married woman? - Yes. About three weeks ago she brought a watch to me and said she had it to dispose of; I looked at it; I thought it a very indifferent watch; I showed it to a person who I thought was a proper judge, and was informed it was worth but 18 s. I bought the watch of her; I never confisticated it. Bolton keeps a clothes shop.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Weverton. I carried the watch to one Mrs. Gatty in North Audley-street, and desired her as an acquaintance, to let me have a guinea upon it for a few days; it was found at her house; this is the watch.</p>
<p>The CONSTABLE sworn.</p>
<p>I searched Mrs. Gatty's house, and found the watch. I believe there is an evidence in jail that sold the watch to Bolton.</p>
<p>I bought the watch. As Weverton had asked me if I had a watch to dispose of, I said I had not; and he desired me, if one came in my way to buy it for him.</p>
<p>This gentleman did not pick me up; he was in a room with two young women; they called me in, and sent for a pot of half and half, and asked me to drink; I would not; I went to the door; one
<persName id="t17790519-2-person64"> Anne Tidmarsh
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person64" type="surname" value="Tidmarsh"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person64" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-2-person64" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came and gave me the watch to dispose of for her. The prosecutor took up two other girls first.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I did not take up any other.</p>
<p>Constable. I took up two other girls who were discharged at the office.</p>
<p>Did he make any charge against the other two girls before the justice? - He desired me to take them both on suspicion of taking the watch.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-2-verdict12" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-2-verdict12" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-3">
<interp inst="t17790519-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<interp inst="t17790519-3" type="date" value="17790519"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190004"/>258.
<persName id="t17790519-3-defend66" type="defendantName"> JAMES HEDGE
<interp inst="t17790519-3-defend66" type="surname" value="HEDGE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-defend66" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-defend66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-3-off13" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-3-off13" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing six light glazed window sashes, value 6 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-3-victim68" type="victimName"> William Harrison
<interp inst="t17790519-3-victim68" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-victim68" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-victim68" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-3-off13 t17790519-3-victim68"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-3-cd14" type="crimeDate">April 8th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-3-off13 t17790519-3-cd14"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person69"> WILLIAM HARRISON
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person69" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person69" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Lamb's Conduit-street. I lost five sashes last Monday from a building at the bottom of
<placeName id="t17790519-3-crimeloc15">Lamb's Conduit-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="Lamb's Conduit-street"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-crimeloc15" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-3-off13 t17790519-3-crimeloc15"/>, which was not finished. They were in their places, but not hung for use; they were taken in the night between the 8th and 9th of April; there were some parts of them found in Rosemary-lane. I can only speak to the loss of them. I do not know any thing that affects the prisoner.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>How were the frames fixed? - They were put in their places; there were no weights nor lines, nor beads; they were put up with temporary pieces of wood. They must have been taken out again to put the lines in.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person70"> THOMAS CHARLES
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person70" type="surname" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person70" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>These are the sashes we found in the prisoner's shop. On the 14th or 15th of April the prisoner was in custody; we had a warrant to search his house; we found some pieces of sashes that belong to Mr. Harrison.</p>
<p>Did you find any whole sashes? - No; they were in pieces.</p>
<p>Had you seen them at Mr. Harrison's house? - Yes; I fitted them in; I made a cross upon them with a chissel; I know them to be pieces of Mr. Harrison's sashes. they were only put in temporarily.</p>
<p>Must they have been taken out again to be hung? - Yes; to put in the weights and lines.</p>
<p>Is it the common practice to put up the sashes before they are hung? - Yes.</p>
<p>How long had they been in? - I suppose six months.</p>
<p>Were they completed? - So far as that they only wanted hanging; when they are hung and the beads nailed they are complete.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>When did you make this cross? - When I fitted it in.</p>
<p>Why did you make this cross? - We generally make private marks to know how to fit them in.</p>
<p>What is the prisoner? - A
<rs id="t17790519-3-deflabel16" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-3-defend66 t17790519-3-deflabel16"/>.</p>
<p>Carpenters make sashes don't they? - Yes.</p>
<p>Do not other carpenters make marks as well as you? - They do not make use of the same mark I suppose.</p>
<p>You will not swear that no carpenter makes a cross for a mark but yourself? - No.</p>
<p>What did you find in the prisoner's shop besides? - A great number of new sashframes cut to pieces.</p>
<p>You cannot swear positively that this is your mark? - There is a fellow sash now marked just the same.</p>
<p>Were these sashes glazed? - Yes.</p>
<p>Fully glazed so as to keep out the weather? - Yes; the man is here that bought the glass.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person71"> MARK SMITH
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person71" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person71" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a glazier, and live at No. 5, Jewry-street. On the 15th of April, I had the prisoner taken up on suspicion of stealing six pair of sashes from a building, belonging to one Mr. Seagrow, in Constitution-Row, leading to Pancras. On the 14th he came to my shop with sixteen squares of glass in a box; I had had some of him a few days before, which I had not paid for; coming again with sixteen more, I suspected him; I did not pay him for them, as he said he was coming again in the afternoon. I went to a person and told him I had bought squares of a man several times, and did not know what to think of it; I was then informed of an advertisement of six sashes that had been stolen. The prisoner came the next morning, and I had him taken up; he then said he bought them at sales, and got them from old houses he pulled down; that he took the glass out and made rounds of ladders of the frames.</p>
<p>Can they take the glass out of the frames without breaking of it? - They must break a great many; those brought to me were not broke.</p>
<p>Can you tell by the glass when it has been taken out of frames? - Yes. I did not think that the glass was taken out of new frames.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190005"/>What did you give for the glass? - Sixpence a foot; that is as much as any body gives for old glass.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>How long have you been in the business? - Sixteen years.</p>
<p>Did you ever see a house where the sashes were put in their place without being hung? - Yes.</p>
<p>Have you seen any houses that were inhabited where the sashes were in their place but not hung? - No.</p>
<p>Do not carpenters frequently buy sash frames? - Yes; old sash frames and glass together?</p>
<p>Do not they sell the glass to glaziers? - Yes if they choose it.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person72"> WILLIAM BAILEY
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person72" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person72" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I made the frames for Mr. Harrison. I I have seen the pieces of frames; as far as my knowledge goes they are the frames I made; they answer the dimensions in every point.</p>
<p>They seem to be remarkably stout frames? - They are what we call two inch sashes.</p>
<p>(The pieces of frames and a square glass were produced in court.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This is a remarkably crooked square and it fits the putty in that frame exactly.</p>
<p>As I was coming out of Mr. Maddox's timber-yard one day, a man called to me and asked me if I would buy a couple of old sashes of him; I looked at them, and thought they would do for my own shop; I bought them of him at five pence a foot. When I brought them home they would not fit; I took them to a glazier, and he would not buy them, the putty being hard, without I would take the glass out. I went home and took the glass out and carried it to Mr. Smith, and he gave me six pence a foot for it. A few days after a man brought me two pair of new sashes, which he said belonged to a widow who wanted to dispose of them. I took a pair of them to Mr. Smith, and he would not give me any more than the price of the glass for them, upon which I took them back and took the glass out; one Kelley was in the shop when I bought the two pair, I borrowed four shillings of him to pay for them.</p>
<p>To Smith. Did he bring you two whole sashes? - He brought me a pair of little sashes, which he said he made himself.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have been in business but three months. I did not know but I was very safe in buying them. Kelly said he would not come till two o'clock; he was obliged to go to the Excise-office. I did not think my tryal would come on so soon.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. What is the value of it? - About 2 s. 4 d. a foot, the whole is worth about five pounds I believe.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person73"> TIMOTHY DAVIS
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person73" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person73" type="given" value="TIMOTHY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an apothecary. The prisoner has lived with me near three years; his wife and family are with me now. He bore a very just, honest, and sober character. I never had the least suspicion of any thing dishonest of him in my life; there are other witnesses to his character, who will be here in a few minutes. If the prisoner had been inclined to be dishonest, he might have robbed me of scores of pounds.</p>
<p>Do you know that Kelly was to appear here to-day? - I do not know any thing of that.</p>
<p>Do you know Kelly? - No; I lent the prisoner a guinea and half to buy some goods about three weeks before he was taken up; I cannot recollect the day.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person74"> RICHARD KILDAGE
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person74" type="surname" value="KILDAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person74" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner a little more than two years. I always found him a just and an honest man.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-3-person75"> THOMAS YOUNG
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person75" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person75" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner upwards of two years; I never heard any thing but that he was an honest, hard working man.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-3-verdict17" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-3-verdict17" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-3-person76"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person76" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person76" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-3-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-4">
<interp inst="t17790519-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-4-off18-c69" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-defend77 t17790519-4-off18 t17790519-4-verdict22"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-4-off23-c69" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-defend77 t17790519-4-off23 t17790519-4-verdict22"/>
<persName id="t17790519-4-defend77" type="defendantName"> ROBERT LAWDON , otherwise
<rs id="t17790519-4-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-defend77 t17790519-4-alias-1"/>LEADER</rs>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-defend77" type="surname" value="LAWDON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-defend77" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-defend77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-4-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190006"/> silver shoe-buckles, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-4-victim80" type="victimName"> James Rising
<interp inst="t17790519-4-victim80" type="surname" value="Rising"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-victim80" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-victim80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off18 t17790519-4-victim80"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off23 t17790519-4-victim80"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-4-cd19" type="crimeDate">April 2d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off18 t17790519-4-cd19"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off23 t17790519-4-cd19"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-4-person81"> JAMES RISING
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person81" type="surname" value="RISING"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person81" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-4-viclabel20" type="occupation">keep the tap at
<placeName id="t17790519-4-crimeloc21">the Bell in Warwick-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-crimeloc21" type="placeName" value="the Bell in Warwick-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-crimeloc21" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off18 t17790519-4-crimeloc21"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off23 t17790519-4-crimeloc21"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-victim80 t17790519-4-viclabel20"/>. I walked to Barking on the first of April; when I got home again, which was between six and seven o'clock, I took off my shoes and put them with the buckles in them under a clock which stands in the parlour; I did not miss them till the next day in the afternoon, then I went for the shoes and buckles to clean them, and I missed the buckles.</p>
<p>What were the buckles worth? - I gave 16 s. for them, they are marked with the initials of my name, I. R.</p>
<p>CHARLES BAXTER sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Mr. Davison's, near St. George's church, in the Borough. On the 2d of April a pair of silver buckles were pawned at our shop by the prisoner at the bar to the best of my knowledge.</p>
<p>Can you swear the prisoner is the person? - I should not choose to swear it, but to the best of my knowledge he is the person. He brought them in the evening; I think candles were lighted. He said they were his wife's buckles, but his name was on the inside of them. He said his name was
<persName id="t17790519-4-person82"> James Rising
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person82" type="surname" value="Rising"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person82" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>(The buckles were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Did you ever see the prisoner before he was taken up. - Yes, he came about the house a great many times; his father came to the house on Monday mornings with fruit and fowls, and the prisoner used to carry those things for him when he was not upon duty; he is a soldier.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-4-person83"> JOSEPH NEALE
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person83" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person83" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a serjeant in the Coldstream regiment, which regiment the prisoner belongs to. The prisoner was apprehended for stealing a spoon. I persuaded him to give me the pawnbroker's duplicate for these buckles, which he did, and he described the pawnbroker's shop to be very near St. George's church in the Borough, by which means we found the buckles.</p>
<p>How long has the prisoner been in your corps? - About two years.</p>
<p>How has he behaved himself? - I cannot speak much in his behalf.</p>
<p>Court. Then do not say any thing upon the subject.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-4-person84"> ELISABETH RISING
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person84" type="surname" value="RISING"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person84" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person84" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of the prosecutor; I bought these buckles for my husband, at Norwich, and I had them marked I. R. at the shop where I bought them.</p>
<p>Did the prisoner use to come into the room out of which the buckles were taken? - Yes; he had leave to put his fire-arms in that room. I saw him on the 2d of April at six in the morning.</p>
<p>I know nothing of the affair.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-4-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-4-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-4-person85"> ROBERT LAWDON
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person85" type="surname" value="LAWDON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person85" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> otherwise LEADER was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-4-off23" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-4-off23" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-off23" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17790519-4-person86"> James Rising
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person86" type="surname" value="Rising"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person86" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17790519-4-cd24" type="crimeDate">19th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off18 t17790519-4-cd24"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-4-off23 t17790519-4-cd24"/>, at about the hour of two in the night, and stealing a silver table spoon, value 10 s. the property of the said James </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-4-person87"> JAMES RISING
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person87" type="surname" value="RISING"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person87" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went to bed on the 18th of April at ten o'clock at night; just before I went up I put this spoon in a drawer in the tap-room. I missed it the next morning.</p>
<p>Do you lie in the tap-room? - No; the tap-room is part of the house which belongs to Mr. Upton, who owns the inn.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-4-person88"> JOSEPH NEALE
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person88" type="surname" value="NEALE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person88" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>One of the soldiers who was upon duty informed me that he believed the prisoner had been thieving, for he offered to sell a silver table-spoon, for two shillings. I searched the prisoner, and found this spoon in his pocket.</p>
<p>(The spoon was deposed to by
<persName id="t17790519-4-person89"> Mary Rising
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person89" type="surname" value="Rising"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person89" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-person89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .)</p>
<p>(The prisoner did not say any thing in his defence.)</p>
<rs id="t17790519-4-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-4-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-4-verdict25" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> NOT GUILTY of breaking and entering the dwelling-house, but guilty of stealing the spoon </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-5">
<interp inst="t17790519-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-5-off26-c80" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-5-defend91 t17790519-5-off26 t17790519-5-verdict28"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190007"/>259.
<persName id="t17790519-5-defend91" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM STODDART
<interp inst="t17790519-5-defend91" type="surname" value="STODDART"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-defend91" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-defend91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-5-off26" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-5-off26" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-off26" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three iron bars, 34 lb. weight, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-5-victim93" type="victimName"> William Jones
<interp inst="t17790519-5-victim93" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-victim93" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-victim93" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-5-off26 t17790519-5-victim93"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-5-cd27" type="crimeDate">May 19th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-5-off26 t17790519-5-cd27"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-5-person94"> WILLIAM WHEELHOUSE
<interp inst="t17790519-5-person94" type="surname" value="WHEELHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-person94" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Jones. I was at watch yesterday in the Steel-yard while the people were at dinner. I saw the prisoner put two bars into one pocket and one into another. When he had carried them forty or fifty yards I secured him, and took them out of his pocket, and they have been in my keeping ever since. (They were produced in court.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-5-person95"> WILLIAM JONES
<interp inst="t17790519-5-person95" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-person95" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>These are my bars; there is a particular stamp upon them by which I know them to be my property.</p>
<p>A young man brought me these and gave me the bars. He ran away and they took hold of me as I was coming through the yard which is a thoroughfare.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-5-verdict28" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-5-verdict28" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-5-punish29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-5-punish29" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-5-punish29" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-5-defend91 t17790519-5-punish29"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17790519-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-6-off30-c84" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-defend97 t17790519-6-off30 t17790519-6-verdict34"/>
<persName id="t17790519-6-defend97" type="defendantName"> ANNE MATHEWS
<interp inst="t17790519-6-defend97" type="surname" value="MATHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-defend97" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-defend97" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-6-off30" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-6-off30" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-off30" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a woman's silk hat, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-6-victim99" type="victimName"> Susannah Gosset
<interp inst="t17790519-6-victim99" type="surname" value="Gosset"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-victim99" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-victim99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-off30 t17790519-6-victim99"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-6-viclabel31" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-victim99 t17790519-6-viclabel31"/>,
<rs id="t17790519-6-cd32" type="crimeDate">May 13th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-off30 t17790519-6-cd32"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-6-person100"> SUSANNAH GOSSET
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person100" type="surname" value="GOSSET"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person100" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person100" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On last Thursday at about five o'clock I was sent after a place to Highgate. When I returned between ten and eleven o'clock, the prisoner Mathews met me in
<placeName id="t17790519-6-crimeloc33">Long-lane Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-crimeloc33" type="placeName" value="Long-lane Smithfield"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-crimeloc33" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-off30 t17790519-6-crimeloc33"/>, and asked me to give her some gin.</p>
<p>Did you know her before? - No; I never saw her in my life before. I said I would not give her any, and I went away. She came after me and swore bitterly that she would have something, and snatched my hat off my head. I pursued her and called the watchman to my assistance; the watchman secured her; she delivered the hat to another person who got off. I never got my hat again.</p>
<p>Are you sure the prisoner is the person who took it? - Yes; she was never out of my sight.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-6-person101"> ROBERT RAYMOND
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person101" type="surname" value="RAYMOND"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person101" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman. I took the prisoner about eleven o'clock, I heard the cry of stop thief! I went to see what was the matter; the prosecutrix had hold of the prisoner. She said she had stolen her hat; I secured her; she confessed that she had taken it, and had given it to Poll Keith.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-6-person102"> ELISABETH COLEBROOKE
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person102" type="surname" value="COLEBROOKE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person102" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was along with Gossett; I walked faster than she, and was a good way on before I heard her call out; I turned back and she was then without her hat and had hold of the prisoner.</p>
<p>I was going up an alley, and this woman came and laid hold of me, and said I had robbed her of her hat. I never saw the young woman in my life before. I have no witnesses.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-6-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-6-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-6-punish35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-6-punish35" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-6-punish35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-defend97 t17790519-6-punish35"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17790519-6-punish36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-6-punish36" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-6-defend97 t17790519-6-punish36"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-7">
<interp inst="t17790519-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-7-off37-c89" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-7-defend104 t17790519-7-off37 t17790519-7-verdict41"/>
<persName id="t17790519-7-defend104" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM STOUT
<interp inst="t17790519-7-defend104" type="surname" value="STOUT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-defend104" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-defend104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-7-off37" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-7-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17790519-7-person105"> Samuel Wood
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person105" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person105" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , eight pounds, in monies, numbered, the property of
<persName id="t17790519-7-victim107" type="victimName"> Charles Phillips
<interp inst="t17790519-7-victim107" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-victim107" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-victim107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-7-off37 t17790519-7-victim107"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-7-viclabel38" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-7-victim107 t17790519-7-viclabel38"/> and a bank post bill for 27 l. 17 s. 6 d. a bank note for 10 l. and a Bath bank post bill for 5 l. 5 s. the property of the said Charles, the several sums of money payable and secured by the said notes, being due and unsatisfied to the said Charles </rs>.
<rs id="t17790519-7-cd39" type="crimeDate">February 2d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-7-off37 t17790519-7-cd39"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-7-person108"> CHARLES PHILLIPS
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person108" type="surname" value="PHILLIPS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person108" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. sworn.</p>
<p>On the 2d of February I supped and spent the evening at the Red-Lion, at Barnet, with the Northampton corps of officers. Between two and three in the morning a part of us came for London. As we were to come over Finchley-common, I put my property in a small pocket-book, to the amount, in money and notes, of 51 l. 10 s. 6 d.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190008"/> came to Mr. Wood's hotel in
<placeName id="t17790519-7-crimeloc40">Covent Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-crimeloc40" type="placeName" value="Covent Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-crimeloc40" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-7-off37 t17790519-7-crimeloc40"/>; I took my boots off there, in my own room, between three and four in the morning, and forgot the pocket-book which I had put into my boot at Barnet; I recollected at about seven in the morning that I had left my pocket-book in my boot; not finding my boots in the room, I rang for the porter, who was the prisoner at the bar; he came; I enquired if he had seen my boots; he said he had taken them down stairs, and had cleaned them.</p>
<p>You had a lodging at this hotel for some time before? - Yes, all the winter; but the prisoner had not been porter all that time. I enquired if he had found any pocketbook in my boots; he said he had not; I told him if he had, I would reward him properly for it if he would deliver it to me, he still persisted in declaring he had not seen it; I enquired of the other porters and the people about the house, and they all denied it. I mentioned it to Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-7-person109"> Wood
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person109" type="given" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the next morning; he advised me to advertise them, which I did the next morning, offering ten guineas reward for their restoration. I sent into the country the next morning, and had an exact description of the notes. After receiving that description, I went to the Bank and stopped the payment of the bank post-bill; I went to the banker's, where the Bath bank post bill was payable, and stopped the payment of that. A fortnight or three weeks after I received a letter from Mr. Langston, a banker in St. Clement's-Lane, where the Bath bills are payable, informing me, that such a bill I had given him notice of had been offered for acceptance. Upon the receipt of that letter, Mr. Wood (who has indeed been indefatigable in the matter) attended me to the banker's. They said a porter had brought the bill, who said, he came from the Cannon Coffee-house. We went there; the porter there denied it; we took him to the banker's; the banker could not identify the person of that man; but from a great many circumstances, we presumed it was the prisoner. I was informed by the constable in the evening, that the bank post bill was found upon the prisoner.</p>
<p>Did you loose any money. - The pocketbook contained eight guineas; a bank bill for twenty-seven pounds seventeen shillings and sixpence; a Bath bank bill for five guineas and a bank note for ten pounds; in the whole fifty-one pounds ten shillings and sixpence.</p>
<p>Do you recollect where you pulled your boots off? - In my own room.</p>
<p>You do not recollect who took them? - No. There is one circumstance I should mention: as I came in very late, and was a good deal tired, I desired the chamberlain to undo the boot, because it was fastened in a particular manner at the knee; and then I recollect the boots being upon the ground subsequent to the chamberlain's being in the room, but whether he took the boots away or not I cannot tell.</p>
<p>You sat up very late, was you perfectly sober? - I cannot say that I was perfectly sober, but I was well enough to recollect every circumstance that passed.</p>
<p>Did you ride on horse-back to town? - No, in a chaise.</p>
<p>Was the pocket-book in the leg of the boot or under your foot? - I put it below my calf, it is a very small pocket-book, what is called a Newmarket pocket-book.</p>
<p>You do not recollect when the chamberlain went out of the room? - I do not recollect who took the candle out that night.</p>
<p>I understood you, that when you rung the bell for the porter, and the prisoner came up, he told you he had taken your boots down and had cleaned them? - Yes; but it is usual some times for the chamberlain to come in, and take the boots out of the room, and put them out at the door.</p>
<p>I suppose it is not usual for the porter to be in the bed-chambers? - It is an unusual thing to see a porter in a bed-chamber, unless he is rung for to light the fire or so. The prisoner has had it in his power to take property of mine to three times that amount; my box was always open, and he was frequently backwards and forwards.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>This happened on the 2d of February? - Yes</p>
<p>Did not you go back the next day to the inn at Barnet from an apprehension that you
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190009"/> might have left the book there? - I did; but I had not the least doubt in my own mind where I had left it, but Mr. Wood said possibly I might have dropped it in the chaise, or have left it there.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-7-person110"> SAMUEL WOOD
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person110" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person110" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On a Saturday morning when I returned from market, Captain Phillips told me he had lost his pocket-book, and mentioned the circumstance he has now related to the court. The prisoner at the bar was the porter whose turn it was to sit up that night; I charged him with taking the pocket-book; he denied it strongly. I laid before him all the consequences of such behaviour; and we offered all the servants a reward for the pocket-book. They all said they knew nothing about it. I advised Mr. Phillips to go back to Barnet, that probably he might have left it at the inn or in the chaise; but we could hear nothing of it for some time. About a fortnight after I turned the prisoner away, we received a letter from Clement's Lane of the five guinea Bath bill being stopped; I gave the letter to Captain Phillips; we went there. I asked if they could recollect what kind of man it was that brought it; they gave a description which nearly answered to the prisoner; they told us the porter said he came from the Cannon coffee-house; as I had turned the prisoner away the day before, I supposed he was gone to live there. We went to the Cannon coffee-house; we saw the master of the house; he produced a porter much resembling the prisoner. We took him back to the banker. When he came there they thought him much like the man that brought the note, but could not identify him. We asked the porter several questions, whether he knew the prisoner; we found he knew him very well; he also knew one Matthews who had formerly lived with me, who likewise was very intimate with the prisoner. I sent for Matthews; he came about eleven o'clock at night; he said he had seen the prisoner; having been rather kind to the young fellow, I said, Do you know Will that lived with me? Yes, I do. When did you see him? I saw him yesterday. I said I have been no bad friend to you, I insist upon your telling me the truth; have you seen any notes upon him, or seen him full of cash lately? he said yes; a Bath bank note.</p>
<p>Is that man here? - Yes; he said, he received the note from Stout to get it accepted, but it had been stopped.</p>
<p>Did he say how much the Bath bank bill was for? - Yes; for five guineas.</p>
<p>Did he say where he went with it to get it accepted? - To the banker's in Clement's Lane. I asked him if he had seen Stout with any other bills or with money; he said, yes; there was a bank post bill for twentyseven pounds seventeen shillings and sixpence, which he had to carry to the bank; he said he mistrusted something, as the banker refused to accept the bill; he was therefore afraid things were not right, and he returned it again to him; I asked him if he recollected where the prisoner lodged; he said, he did; and had no objection to go with me to take him. I called upon Mr. Prothero, and we both went and took him in bed at his lodgings; we charged him with the fact; he produced the bank post bill, and gave it up, and he seemed sorry he had not given it up before.</p>
<p>(The bank post bill was produced in court by
<persName id="t17790519-7-person111"> David Prothero
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person111" type="surname" value="Prothero"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person111" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-7-person112"> DAVID PROTHERO
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person112" type="surname" value="PROTHERO"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person112" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>When the prisoner was putting his clothes on, and I was insisting upon searching him, he put his hand into his pocket, and took this bill out himself and gave it me.</p>
<p>Mr. Phillips. This is my note.</p>
<p>Cross Examination of Mr. PHILLIPS.</p>
<p>I think you said you sent into the country for an exact description of these notes? - I did.</p>
<p>You had made no mark upon the note yourself? - No.</p>
<p>Then if you had not had a description from the country you would not have known this from another note of the same value? - Certainly not.</p>
<p>Then you cannot speak with precision to this note but only from a description sent you from the country? - Only from that.</p>
<p>Court. Do you remember the date of it? No; I took no private memorandum myself, I received it from my mother in the country,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190010"/> it was cut in this manner when I received it at two different posts.</p>
<p>Do you remember the sum of it? - I do.</p>
<p>(The note was read in Court, and corresponded with the statement of it in the indictment.)</p>
<p>What did you recollect with regard to this note before you received a letter out of the country? - I recollected the value, to whom it was made payable, and whom it was indorsed by.</p>
<p>Cross Examination of
<persName id="t17790519-7-person113"> SAMUEL WOOD
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person113" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person113" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>How long did the prisoner live as a servant at your house? - I will not be positive; I believe six or seven months.</p>
<p>You had a good character with him? - I had.</p>
<p>And all the time he lived at your house he behaved himself well? - He did.</p>
<p>During that time he had continual opportunity if he had been so disposed to have robbed you? - Yes; he has been much entrusted, and has received and paid great sums of money for me.</p>
<p>And has always behaved honestly? - Yes; and that was the reason I prevailed upon Mr. Phillips to go back to Barnet to enquire after it.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-7-person114"> JOHN MATTHEWS
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person114" type="surname" value="MATTHEWS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person114" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner four years.</p>
<p>When did you receive any notes from him? - He came to me on the 20th or 21st of April; he called at my lodgings, as my landlord informed me; not being at home, he came to me at Lincoln's-Inn-Fields.</p>
<p>To Wood. Was that after you turned him away? - I believe the same day.</p>
<p>Matthews. He called me out; he took out this note of five pounds five shillings, as we were going along Portugal-street. He told me he had left Mr. Wood's.</p>
<p>What did he take it out of? - Out of his pocket; it being cut in two, I told him I did not think it was good. I went to the banker's in Clement's Lane, it being three minutes past five o'clock, they bid me call in the morning; I called in the morning; they said it belonged to a gentleman that had lost it; they asked me where I brought it from; I said from the Cannon coffee-house; I called upon the prisoner, and asked him to take a walk with me, because I wanted him to speak before witnesses; I wanted to ask him him how he came by it; then he pulled out the other note of twenty-seven pounds seventeen shillings and sixpence.</p>
<p>Should you know it if you was to see it again? - I dare say I should; it was in two pieces.</p>
<p>(The note shown to the witness.)</p>
<p>This is the note to the best of my knowledge.</p>
<p>What did the prisoner desire you to do with that note? - As we were going along, I asked him how he came by that? he said he found it, and he wanted me to pass it; we went before this to an acquaintance where I asked him the question how he came by it.</p>
<p>Who was that? - One Mr. Allen in Tottenham Court Road? the prisoner said he found them and the four guineas at the foot of the stairs, in Mr. Wood's house.</p>
<p>Did he say whether he found this loose, or how? - He said he found the pocket-book at the foot of the stairs.</p>
<p>Did he mention any thing of a pair of boots? - Not at that time. I asked him if Mr. Wood, and the Gentleman, never asked him about them; he said, yes; but as he had once denied it, he would never own it; and he wanted to persuade me to take this note of 27 l. 17 s. 6 d. back to Mr. Wood, and say I found it; I told him I would not, but if he would return me the pocket-book with all its contents, I would take it back to Mr. Wood, (as I had the pleasure of living once with him) and tell him I found it; he said, he knew nothing of the 10 l. note, nor the four guineas, as the gentleman said he had lost a 10 l. bank note, and eight guineas, and he found only four guineas. I went to Mr. Wood; he was not at home; I waited till he came home, and told him all the knowledge I had of it.</p>
<p>Was you present when that was found upon him? - I was.</p>
<p>Then you did not take him up; you did not stop him at that time? - No; I immediately applied to Mr. Wood.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190011"/>- ALLEN, sworn.</p>
<p>I live in John-street, Tottenham-Court Road.</p>
<p>Are you intimate with Matthews? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did he and the prisoner come to your house on the 21st of April last? - Yes, they did.</p>
<p>What passed between them? - I was out when they came, but they waited till I came home; and Matthews told me a story that the prisoner had drawn him in by giving him this Bath bank bill of 5 l. 5 s. to change; the prisoner said he found it in Mr. Wood's house, and a bank post bill of 27 l. 17 s. 6 d. and likewise four guineas in money. We advised him to take the money, pocket-book, and notes, back again; Matthews said, if you do not like to go yourself, if you will give me the book and its contents, I will take it back to Mr. Wood's; the prisoner wanted to persuade him to deny it; Matthews then said he would go and inform Mr. Wood of it.</p>
<p>Mr. Wood. The prisoner did not deny any thing at all in his way to the round-house; he made it appear, that there were a bricklayer, and carpenter, who saw him pick the book up in the morning, whom we know had part of the money. He was very ready to give up every circumstance; it was the bricklayer had the pocket-book.</p>
<p>For the PRISONER.</p>
<p>A witness sworn. I have known the prisoner ten or a dozen years; I never heard any thing of him but what was very good; I was his fellow-servant at the time.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-7-verdict41" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-7-verdict41" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-verdict41" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing, but not of stealing them in the dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-7-person115"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person115" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person115" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17790519-7-punish42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-7-punish42" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-7-punish42" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-7-defend104 t17790519-7-punish42"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17790519-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-8-off43-c100" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-8-defend117 t17790519-8-off43 t17790519-8-verdict47"/>
<persName id="t17790519-8-defend117" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH BREEZE
<interp inst="t17790519-8-defend117" type="surname" value="BREEZE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-defend117" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-defend117" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-8-off43" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-8-off43" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-off43" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a man's cloth coat, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-8-victim119" type="victimName"> Charles Lander
<interp inst="t17790519-8-victim119" type="surname" value="Lander"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-victim119" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-victim119" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-8-off43 t17790519-8-victim119"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-8-cd44" type="crimeDate">May 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-8-off43 t17790519-8-cd44"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-8-person120"> CHARLES LANDER
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person120" type="surname" value="LANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person120" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , sworn.</p>
<p>I am an
<rs id="t17790519-8-viclabel45" type="occupation">oilman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-8-victim119 t17790519-8-viclabel45"/> in
<placeName id="t17790519-8-crimeloc46">Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-crimeloc46" type="placeName" value="Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-crimeloc46" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-8-off43 t17790519-8-crimeloc46"/>; upon the 6th of this month I lost a surtout coat out of the passage, to which there is a private door; the door was upon the latch; my servant took the prisoner with the coat upon her.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-8-person121"> ANNE MILLER
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person121" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person121" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person121" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Lander. On the 6th of May, between three and four o'clock in the afternoon, I saw the prisoner come in at the street door; the door was only on the latch, she could open it on the outside.</p>
<p>Did you ever see the prisoner before? - No. I was in the kitchen up one-pair-of-stairs backwards; hearing the door open, I went and peeped through the rails, and saw the prisoner come softly along the passage; I saw her take the coat off the nail, and put it in her apron, and run into the street; I followed her, and caught her within four doors of my master's house; she was running away with it; I found the great coat upon her, and brought her back.</p>
<p>(The great coat was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor).</p>
<p>When the prosecutor took me there was nothing found upon me; he took me first.</p>
<p>Mr. Lander. I heard a scuffle in the passage; I ran to see what was the matter; my servant told me the prisoner had stolen the coat; I went out after her, and brought her in again.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-8-person122"> Anne Miller
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person122" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person122" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-person122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I brought her back, and made her lay the coat down, and gave her two or three thumps on the back, and she went out again; my master came into the passage; I told him what had happened, and he went after her.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-8-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-8-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-verdict47" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-8-punish48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-8-punish48" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-8-punish48" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-8-defend117 t17790519-8-punish48"/> W </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17790519-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-9-off49-c105" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-9-defend124 t17790519-9-off49 t17790519-9-verdict53"/>
<persName id="t17790519-9-defend124" type="defendantName"> ANNE CROW
<interp inst="t17790519-9-defend124" type="surname" value="CROW"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-defend124" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-defend124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-9-off49" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-9-off49" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-off49" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing ten yards of printed cotton, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-9-victim126" type="victimName"> Jacob Worthy
<interp inst="t17790519-9-victim126" type="surname" value="Worthy"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-victim126" type="given" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-victim126" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-9-off49 t17790519-9-victim126"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-9-cd50" type="crimeDate">April 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-9-off49 t17790519-9-cd50"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-9-person127"> ISAAC HAWLEY
<interp inst="t17790519-9-person127" type="surname" value="HAWLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-person127" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live with Mr. Worthy, a
<rs id="t17790519-9-viclabel51" type="occupation">linen-draper and silk mercer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-9-victim126 t17790519-9-viclabel51"/> in
<placeName id="t17790519-9-crimeloc52">Hanway Yard, St. Giles's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-crimeloc52" type="placeName" value="Hanway Yard, St. Giles's"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-crimeloc52" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-9-off49 t17790519-9-crimeloc52"/>. On the 27th of April, about three o'clock in the afternoon, I was informed that a person
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190012"/> who had been in the shop, had taken a piece of cotton off the counter; we were very busy. I said to the young man who was serving, where she was, why do not you follow her? he said, he did not know which way she was gone; a lady, who was in the shop said she was gone up the yard; I went after her, and passed her, and saw the cotton under her cloak; on my passing her, she looked hard at me, and turned back; I did not speak to her, not being willing to make a noise about it; I thought I would let her walk back quietly before me; she went into the shop; she went in at one door and I at another; I met her, and demanded the cloth of her, and she gave it me from under her cloak, and then wished to run away. I secured her, and took her before a magistrate; the cloth (producing it) has my master's private mark upon it; I am sure it is his property.</p>
<p>Did you observe it on the counter that day? - Not in particular.</p>
<p>I went to the prosecutor to buy two yards of ribband for my mistress; I had a gown in a bundle I was going to carry to the Mantuamaker; I took up the cotton by mistake, instead of my bundle; I found my mistake, and went back to the shop.</p>
<p>To Hawley. Was there any bundle of her's left? - No; she said nothing about any such thing; she was kept in the house I believe two hours after she came back.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-9-person128"> ROBERT WILLOUGHBY
<interp inst="t17790519-9-person128" type="surname" value="WILLOUGHBY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-person128" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a taylor; I have known the prisoner five years; I never heard a complaint of this kind against her before; I am sorry to hear it now; I hope it will be a sufficient warning to her.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-9-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-9-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-verdict53" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods to the value of 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-9-punish54" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-9-punish54" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-9-punish54" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-9-defend124 t17790519-9-punish54"/> W </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17790519-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-10-off55-c109" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-defend130 t17790519-10-off55 t17790519-10-verdict59"/>
<persName id="t17790519-10-defend130" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH ROOKE
<interp inst="t17790519-10-defend130" type="surname" value="ROOKE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-defend130" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-defend130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-10-off55" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-10-off55" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-off55" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a piece of black silk lace, containing twenty-four yards, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-10-victim132" type="victimName"> Charles Pearson
<interp inst="t17790519-10-victim132" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-victim132" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-victim132" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-off55 t17790519-10-victim132"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-10-cd56" type="crimeDate">May 17th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-off55 t17790519-10-cd56"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-10-person133"> JAMES PEARSON
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person133" type="surname" value="PEARSON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person133" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am brother to
<persName id="t17790519-10-person134"> Charles Pearson
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person134" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person134" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is a
<rs id="t17790519-10-viclabel57" type="occupation">haberdasher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-victim132 t17790519-10-viclabel57"/> in
<placeName id="t17790519-10-crimeloc58">Fleet-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-crimeloc58" type="placeName" value="Fleet-street"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-crimeloc58" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-off55 t17790519-10-crimeloc58"/>; the prisoner came to our shop on Monday last, under pretence of buying a hat; she bought one, and asked what would be best for trimming, muslin or lace; I advised lace, and took out four pieces of lace and laid them on the counter; she agreed for four yards; while I was going to cut it off, I saw her take a piece off the counter and ship it on the ground; she then winked to a woman that was with her to come nearer to her, and then got it up under her petticoat; she paid me for the hat and went out; I went after her, and took her by the arm, and led her into the next shop, and found the lace upon her.</p>
<p>Prisoner. If you saw me take the lace, why did not you detect me in the shop, without letting me go out? - I thought it was not an offence if she did not go out.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-10-person135"> WILLIAM BOSWORTH FARN
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person135" type="surname" value="BOSWORTH FARN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person135" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in the shop writing behind the prisoner; I saw her conceal something under her petticoats; I did not see what it was; I followed Mr. Pearson out; we took her into the next shop, and found the lace under her petticoats.</p>
<p>I went into the shop, and bought a hat, and gave a guinea for it; the man came after me, and asked if I meant to steal this piece of lace, and said there had been two women in the shop before, and stolen a piece of lace, and I was like one of them; and he believed I meant to steal this; I said, did he think it was worth my while to pay him a guinea for a hat, and steal a piece of lace which he values in the indictment at twenty-four shillings; he said before the alderman first, that he found it under my petticoats; then he said he found it at some distance from me.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-10-verdict59" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-10-verdict59" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-10-punish60" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-10-punish60" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-10-punish60" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-defend130 t17790519-10-punish60"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17790519-10-punish61" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-10-punish61" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-10-defend130 t17790519-10-punish61"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-11-off68-c114" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-defend137 t17790519-11-off68 t17790519-11-verdict67"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190013"/>265.
<persName id="t17790519-11-defend137" type="defendantName"> THOMAS PULLEN
<interp inst="t17790519-11-defend137" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-defend137" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-defend137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-11-off62" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-11-off62" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-off62" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a gold watch, value 10 l. a steel watch chain, value 6 d. and a brass key, value 1 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-11-victim139" type="victimName"> John Pugh
<interp inst="t17790519-11-victim139" type="surname" value="Pugh"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-victim139" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-victim139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-11-cd63" type="crimeDate">December 23d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-off62 t17790519-11-cd63"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-off68 t17790519-11-cd63"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person140"> JOHN PUGH
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person140" type="surname" value="PUGH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person140" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an
<rs id="t17790519-11-viclabel64" type="occupation">apothecary</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-victim139 t17790519-11-viclabel64"/> and live at Mr. Blackall's,
<placeName id="t17790519-11-crimeloc65">No. 82, Gracechurch-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-crimeloc65" type="placeName" value="No. 82, Gracechurch-street"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-crimeloc65" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-off62 t17790519-11-crimeloc65"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-off68 t17790519-11-crimeloc65"/>. I had my watch about five in the afternoon on the 23d of December, I went down to the necessary, and I believe left it on the seat of the necessary; I am rather clear I did. I did not miss it till near twelve o'clock. The prisoner was
<rs id="t17790519-11-deflabel66" type="occupation">porter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-defend137 t17790519-11-deflabel66"/> to Mr. Blackall. My watch was found pawned by a person for the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person141"> JOSEPH HALL
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person141" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person141" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live with Mr. West, a pawnbroker, in Aldersgate-street. Mrs. Hewitson brought a gold watch to pledge on the 5th of January in the evening; I lent her five guineas upon it.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person142"> ELISABETH HEWITSON
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person142" type="surname" value="HEWITSON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person142" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person142" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner brought me the watch and said it belonged to a banker's-clerk, who was arrested for a suit of clothes, and wanted five guineas to get him out of trouble, and I went and pawned it with the last witness.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person143"> WILLIAM HEWITSON
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person143" type="surname" value="HEWITSON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person143" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the husband of
<persName id="t17790519-11-person144"> Elisabeth Hewitson
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person144" type="surname" value="Hewitson"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person144" type="given" value="Elisabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to my house with the watch, and asked my wife to pawn it; he said it belonged to a man who was in the Compter, having been arrested by a tailor, and wanted five guineas to get out; he said the person's name was either John or
<persName id="t17790519-11-person145"> Thomas Roberts
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person145" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person145" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and that he was a banker's clerk; I desired my wife to bring a duplicate of it in the man's name.</p>
<p>I found the watch as I was going out of the door.</p>
<p>To Pugh. As the prisoner was a porter in the house, had he seen the watch? - He had seen it often; he must have known the watch; he carried it once to mend.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-11-verdict67" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-11-verdict67" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person146"> THOMAS PULLEN
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person146" type="surname" value="PULLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person146" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-11-off68" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-11-off68" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-off68" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-11-victim147" type="victimName"> James Green
<interp inst="t17790519-11-victim147" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-victim147" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-victim147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-11-cd69" type="crimeDate">April 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-off62 t17790519-11-cd69"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-off68 t17790519-11-cd69"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person148"> JAMES GREEN
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person148" type="surname" value="GREEN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person148" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17790519-11-viclabel70" type="occupation">watchmaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-victim147 t17790519-11-viclabel70"/>. The prisoner was a porter in my house. I lost a silver watch out of my shop.</p>
<p>When did you see the watch in your shop? - In the year 1777. I did not miss it till the 27th of April last. My watch was at the same pawnbroker's where Mr. Pugh's watch was pawned.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-11-person149"> JAMES HALL
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person149" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person149" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I took in a silver watch of the prisoner on the 24th of April; he informed me that he bought it of Mr. Green, and gave him five guineas for it.</p>
<p>To Mr. Green. How long did the prisoner live with you? - Above a year.</p>
<p>Did he ever buy a watch of you? - He never did.</p>
<p>(The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did you never lend me a watch? - I had the charge of the parish clock; I have lent him a watch to set the clock by; I never lent him one to wear; I never lent him this watch, it is a new one of my own making; I always lent him old ones.</p>
<p>Mr. Green lent me the watch to set the church clock by.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-11-verdict71" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-11-verdict71" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-11-punish72" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-11-punish72" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-11-punish72" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-11-defend137 t17790519-11-punish72"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-12">
<interp inst="t17790519-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-12-off73-c126" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-12-defend151 t17790519-12-off73 t17790519-12-verdict75"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190014"/>266.
<persName id="t17790519-12-defend151" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SMITH
<interp inst="t17790519-12-defend151" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-defend151" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-defend151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-12-off73" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-12-off73" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-off73" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a woollen surtout coat, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-12-victim153" type="victimName"> William Orme
<interp inst="t17790519-12-victim153" type="surname" value="Orme"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-victim153" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-victim153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-12-off73 t17790519-12-victim153"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-12-cd74" type="crimeDate">May 7th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-12-off73 t17790519-12-cd74"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-12-person154"> WILLIAM ORME
<interp inst="t17790519-12-person154" type="surname" value="ORME"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-person154" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 7th of this month I lost a surtout coat from my lodging before I was up; I had left it in the Kitchen the night before; my landlord's servant came up to me in the morning, and asked if I had taken my coat up with me; I said no; she said then it was stolen. She alarmed her master, who pursued the prisoner, and took him with the coat upon him.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-12-person155"> JAMES BOWKER
<interp inst="t17790519-12-person155" type="surname" value="BOWKER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-person155" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a publick-house. The prisoner came in for a pennyworth of purl; he sent the maid backwards to me for change, which gave him an opportunity to take the coat; she called out to me and told me he had got Mr. Ormes's great coat, and was gone up the Old Change with it; I went after him and desired him to come back; I said he had something that he had borrowed; he said it was nothing but an old coat. He had it wrapped round him under his coat.</p>
<p>(The coat was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>I was going out and found the coat at the door.</p>
<p>Bowker. I saw the coat hang on the curtain-rod while he was in the house; there was nobody else in the house.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-12-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-12-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-12-punish76" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-12-punish76" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-12-punish76" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-12-defend151 t17790519-12-punish76"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17790519-12-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-12-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-12-defend151 t17790519-12-punish77"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-13">
<interp inst="t17790519-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-13-off78-c130" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-13-defend157 t17790519-13-off78 t17790519-13-verdict81"/>
<persName id="t17790519-13-defend157" type="defendantName"> JAMES KENNEDY
<interp inst="t17790519-13-defend157" type="surname" value="KENNEDY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-defend157" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-defend157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-13-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-13-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 12 lb. weight of whole pepper, value 18 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-13-victim159" type="victimName"> Francis Bradford
<interp inst="t17790519-13-victim159" type="surname" value="Bradford"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-victim159" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-victim159" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-13-off78 t17790519-13-victim159"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-13-cd79" type="crimeDate">April 19th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-13-off78 t17790519-13-cd79"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-13-person160"> FRANCIS BRADFORD
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person160" type="surname" value="BRADFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person160" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17790519-13-crimeloc80">Newgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-crimeloc80" type="placeName" value="Newgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-crimeloc80" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-13-off78 t17790519-13-crimeloc80"/>. I lost some pepper; but know nothing of the manner in which it was taken; I can only swear that it is my property.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-13-person161"> THOMAS RAMELL
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person161" type="surname" value="RAMELL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person161" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in Mr. Bradford's shop, on Monday the 19th of April, between eight and nine in the evening, and saw the prisoner come into the shop and steal twelve pound weight of black pepper; it was in a paper parcel on a tea cannister, in the shop; I was in the back part of the shop, between the shop and warehouse. I saw him run away with it; I immediately pursued him, and brought him back to Mr. Bradford's shop. He threw the pepper down before I took him.</p>
<p>Did you see him throw it down? - I did not?</p>
<p>Can you swear by his face that the prisoner is the boy that came into the shop? - Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. When I was brought into the shop, he was asked if I was the person; he said he was not sure, and asked one of the populace.</p>
<p>Ramell. I was positive to him.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-13-person162"> JOHN LESSARD
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person162" type="surname" value="LESSARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person162" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner run out of the shop; he was taken immediately; he threw the parcel down on Ramell's crying out stop thief!</p>
<persName id="t17790519-13-person163"> ROBERT BEST
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person163" type="surname" value="BEST"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person163" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I saw nothing of the transaction. The pepper was delivered to me before the alderman: I have had it ever since.</p>
<p>(The prisoner did not say any thing in his defence.)</p>
<rs id="t17790519-13-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-13-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-13-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-13-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-13-punish82" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-13-defend157 t17790519-13-punish82"/> N. 3 years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-14">
<interp inst="t17790519-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-14-off83-c136" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-14-defend165 t17790519-14-off83 t17790519-14-verdict86"/>
<persName id="t17790519-14-defend165" type="defendantName"> JOHN JONES
<interp inst="t17790519-14-defend165" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-defend165" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-defend165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-14-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-14-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> making an assault upon
<persName id="t17790519-14-victim167" type="victimName"> Abraham Dalby
<interp inst="t17790519-14-victim167" type="surname" value="Dalby"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-victim167" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-victim167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and demanding the goods of one
<persName id="t17790519-14-victim169" type="victimName"> James Sheering
<interp inst="t17790519-14-victim169" type="surname" value="Sheering"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-victim169" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-victim169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with a felonious intent </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-14-cd84" type="crimeDate">May 10th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-14-off83 t17790519-14-cd84"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-14-person170"> ABRAHAM DALBY
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person170" type="surname" value="DALBY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person170" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>How old are you? - Thirteen last March.</p>
<p>Do you know the nature of an oath? - No; the first time I did was before Sir
<persName id="t17790519-14-person171"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person171" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person171" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - Do you know what it is to be sworn? - No.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190015"/>When you take as oath, do you know what you are doing? - No.</p>
<p>Do you know the consequence of swearing falsely? - Yes.</p>
<p>What is the consequence of it? - I shall be punished for it.</p>
<p>Can you say your catechism? - Yes.</p>
<p>When you call God to witness to what you say do you know the consequence of it if you speak an untruth? - Yes.</p>
<p>And are under an obligation to speak the truth? - Yes.</p>
<p>What obliges you to speak the truth? - I do not know.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-14-person172"> EDWARD HEWITSON
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person172" type="surname" value="HEWITSON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person172" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman. I took the prisoner while he was endeavouring to get the goods from the child. On yesterday-was-week, about seven minutes before ten o'clock, I heard the boy (Dalby) cry out murder! I took it to be some boys at play. A gentleman came up and said, watchman, run, there is a man robbing a child. I went and saw the boy lying on his back with two bundles; his hands were in the bundles; he was begging the prisoner not to take them. The prisoner was standing over him forcing them from him, but could not, as I came up too soon.</p>
<p>Had he any weapon in his hand? - None at all. The prisoner said, d - n my eyes, and he swore bitterly he would be revenged of the boy if he could get at him; he said he did not mind going to
<persName id="t17790519-14-person173"> Harry Wright
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person173" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person173" type="given" value="Harry"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's in Tothilfields for a month. I secured him, and took the boy and the bundles to the watch-house.</p>
<p>Have you the bundles here? - No; Sir
<persName id="t17790519-14-person174"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person174" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person174" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> gave them up to his master. I did not see them opened; I do not know what was in them.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-14-person175"> ABRAHAM DALBY
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person175" type="surname" value="DALBY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person175" type="given" value="ABRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> again.</p>
<p>You do not understand what is meant by the consequence of an oath; but do you know that it is proper, and fit, and necessary for you, as an honest boy, to speak the truth and nothing but the truth? - Yes.</p>
<p>What will become of you if you do not speak the truth? - I shall be in hell flames burning in fire and brimstone for ever and ever.</p>
<p>Are you come determined to speak nothing but the truth? - Yes.</p>
<p>(He is sworn.)</p>
<p>Remember, you have called God to witness that you speak the truth, and nothing the truth? - Yes.</p>
<p>Where did you meet the prisoner? - Opposite Clement's-Inn, by Clare-market, on Monday-was-week.</p>
<p>What time in the evening? - I cannot exactly tell; it was dark, that was the reason I did not know my way home.</p>
<p>Where was you going? - Home to my master's, Mr. Holmes, No. 6, Poland-street. I had been to my master's son, who is a waiter at a tavern in Fleet-street, for some things to wash. I had two bundles, which I received from Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-14-person176"> James Sheering
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person176" type="surname" value="Sheering"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person176" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's son. There was in the bundles a coat and some other things.</p>
<p>Did you know the prisoner before? - No, I never knew him before.</p>
<p>What passed when he met you? - I asked him if he would please to show me the right way to Oxford-road; he said, what part are you going to; I said Poland-street; he said, I am going to Newman-street, let us both go together; I said I would if he would not take me out of my way; he said no, he was not one of that sort. He wanted to take me up a dark alley by Clare market; I could see no lamps nor light, and I would not go; then he said let us go this way; I said with all my heart if he would take me the highest way. We came up to Long-Acre; then I knew the way, and wanted him to leave me; upon which he began singing nasty songs, that I did not like; I said he might go his way, if he pleased, as he had showed me so far, and I would go mine; he said no, he would go with me. When we came to Chapel-street, I said, up there is Newman-street, now you may go; he said let us shake hands; then he wanted to have some beer at the sign of the Angel, the corner of
<placeName id="t17790519-14-crimeloc85">Portman-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-crimeloc85" type="placeName" value="Portman-street"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-crimeloc85" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-14-off83 t17790519-14-crimeloc85"/>; I said, no, I would not; he said you shall; I said I would not; at last I said well let us go in. We were going in, and he said he hated to go into a publick-house, he would have it at the door; I said, where is your money, you have none? he rattled a few
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190016"/> buttons, so as I should not see them; I then said I would go home and went away; he caught hold of my wrists and went to snatch the bundles from me, I held them fast; he swung me round, and said now he had me; there was no body near, he threw me down, and said, now if you do not let go the bundles I will kill you; I said if you kill me now you shall not have them; he had me down on my back, I cried out murder! the watchman hearing me came up, and it being dark he fell over us both, he was straddling over me when the watchman came up.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether he will swear I am the man that assaulted him? - It was the prisoner, because the watchman came up while he was doing of it; he said he did not mind going to
<persName id="t17790519-14-person177"> Harry Wright
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person177" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person177" type="given" value="Harry"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's for a month; but if ever he came out he would be the doing for me.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did you ever see me before that night? - No; only you met me at Clare-market and wanted to take me up a dark alley.</p>
<p>I was coming along the street, and heard somebody cry out murder; I went to see what was the matter; I saw the young lad on the ground, I went to help him up, and the watchman came up and took me.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-14-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-14-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-14-punish87" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-14-punish87" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-punish87" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-14-defend165 t17790519-14-punish87"/> N. 3 Years </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-14-person178"> BARON HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person178" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person178" type="given" value="BARON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-14-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-15">
<interp inst="t17790519-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-15-off88-c148" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-15-defend180 t17790519-15-off88 t17790519-15-verdict92"/>
<persName id="t17790519-15-defend180" type="defendantName"> RICHARD HUTTON
<interp inst="t17790519-15-defend180" type="surname" value="HUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-defend180" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-defend180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-15-off88" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-15-off88" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-off88" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he in the king's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17790519-15-victim182" type="victimName"> William Sparrow
<interp inst="t17790519-15-victim182" type="surname" value="Sparrow"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-victim182" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-victim182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-15-off88 t17790519-15-victim182"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life; and stealing from his person a wooden box, value 6 d. sixty books of leaf silver, value 3 l. 7 s. 6 d. and twelve ounces weight of silver in the leaf, value 4 l. 16 s. the property of
<persName id="t17790519-15-person183"> Jonathan Smith
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person183" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person183" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-15-cd89" type="crimeDate">April 10th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-15-off88 t17790519-15-cd89"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-15-person184"> WILLIAM SPARROW
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person184" type="surname" value="SPARROW"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person184" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>What age are you? - Turned of fifteen; I am
<rs id="t17790519-15-viclabel90" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-15-victim182 t17790519-15-viclabel90"/> to Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-15-person185"> Jonathan Smith
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person185" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person185" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is a gold-beater; my master sent me with a box to the Blossoms Inn, in Lawrence-lane, on the 10th of April about ten at night; there was in the box sixty books of leaf silver, and twelve ounces of silver in the leaf; when I came to the
<placeName id="t17790519-15-crimeloc91">Blossoms Inn Passage</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-crimeloc91" type="placeName" value="Blossoms Inn Passage"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-crimeloc91" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-15-off88 t17790519-15-crimeloc91"/>, the prisoner and another stopped me; they asked me where I was going with that box; I said to Blossoms Inn; the other man laid hold of the box which I had under my arm; the prisoner said to me you fool loose the box he is the book-keeper; I said I knew he was not the book-keeper; the other man knocked me down in the kennel, and ran away with the box; the prisoner held me by the shoulder to keep me from running after him till he got off; he ran up Lawrence-lane, and the other man ran down the lane; I went through a turning in King's-street thinking to meet him but could not; I went home and told my master.</p>
<p>Was it light enough to see the man? - Yes; there were several lamps just by; I am positive the prisoner is the man; I took notice of the features of his face, I did not observe his dress; he had a brown or black coat buttoned close.</p>
<p>When did you see him again? - About a fortnight after; I knew him directly.</p>
<p>Are you positively sure that is the man? - I am positively sure; I have no doubt at all.</p>
<p>Prisoner. It is by the persuasion of Sir
<persName id="t17790519-15-person186"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person186" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person186" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men that he swears to me? - They never said a word to me; the prisoner was then in custody at the
<persName id="t17790519-15-person187"> Brown Bear
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person187" type="surname" value="Bear"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person187" type="given" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Sir
<persName id="t17790519-15-person188"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person188" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person188" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's runners took me there, there were a great many people; I singled him out immediately.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-15-person189"> JONATHAN SMITH
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person189" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person189" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Saturday the 10th of April I sent my boy with a box to the Blossoms Inn; he came back in about an hour crying, with his back all over dirt; he said two men came up to him and asked him where he was going with the box; that one of them took hold of the box, and the other said he is the bookkeeper you fool give him the box; that they threw him down and took the box from him; that one held him while the other ran away with it; he said the man that held him was about my stature of a brown complexion,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190017"/> brown hair tied, and a longish chin; as soon as my boy went into the room at the
<persName id="t17790519-15-person190"> Brown Bear
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person190" type="surname" value="Bear"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person190" type="given" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and saw the prisoner, he said that is the man that held me while the box was taken from me; I was in the tap room, the boy went into the parlour with one of Sir
<persName id="t17790519-15-person191"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person191" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person191" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men; he came out and told me the man dressed in black was the man that held him while the other took the box from him.</p>
<p>There was no property found; I was taken a good while after the affair; I am entirely innocent.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>- EARL sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a circulating-library in Carnaby-Market; the prisoner's mother lodges at my house; he always appeared to me to be a sedate sober person; I never heard any ill of him.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-15-person192"> ANNE SEDON
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person192" type="surname" value="SEDON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person192" type="given" value="ANNE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person192" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner five years; I never knew any thing bad of him since he has been in my house; I never missed any thing; he was a gentleman's servant.</p>
<p>Have you known him lately? - I cannot say I have known him these two years.</p>
<p>- BALL sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner from a child.</p>
<p>Have you known him lately? - Not lately.</p>
<p>Have you known him within these twelve months? - No.</p>
<p>Two years. - No; I have not seen him these two years.</p>
<p>Three years? - I have seen him in that time.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-15-person193"> THOMAS HUNT
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person193" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person193" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a tailor; the prisoner lodged with me about five or six weeks; he took the lodging as a person out of place; he followed no business, kept good hours, and behaved very well.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-15-person194"> SARAH HUNT
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person194" type="surname" value="HUNT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person194" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person194" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of the last witness; the prisoner lodged at our house; he behaved very decent and sober.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-15-person195"> JOHN BALL
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person195" type="surname" value="BALL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person195" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I knew the prisoner five years ago; he then bore a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-15-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-15-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-15-verdict92" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-15-punish93" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-15-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-15-defend180 t17790519-15-punish93"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<p>(He was humbly recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy.)</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-16">
<interp inst="t17790519-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-16-off94-c163" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-16-defend197 t17790519-16-off94 t17790519-16-verdict98"/>
<persName id="t17790519-16-defend197" type="defendantName"> DANIEL FLANAGAN
<interp inst="t17790519-16-defend197" type="surname" value="FLANAGAN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-defend197" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-defend197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-16-off94" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-16-off94" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-off94" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing four steel saws with wooden handles, value 8 s. a carpenter's plow, made of wood and steel, value 5 s. and a carpenter's bowling-stock, made of iron and steel, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-16-victim199" type="victimName"> Justin M'Carty
<interp inst="t17790519-16-victim199" type="surname" value="M'Carty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-victim199" type="given" value="Justin"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-victim199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-16-off94 t17790519-16-victim199"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-16-cd95" type="crimeDate">May 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-16-off94 t17790519-16-cd95"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-16-person200"> JUSTIN
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person200" type="given" value="JUSTIN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'CARTY sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17790519-16-viclabel96" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-16-victim199 t17790519-16-viclabel96"/> in
<placeName id="t17790519-16-crimeloc97">Little Suffolk-street in the Hay-Market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-crimeloc97" type="placeName" value="Little Suffolk-street in the Hay-Market"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-crimeloc97" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-16-off94 t17790519-16-crimeloc97"/>. On Thursday the 6th of May, between twelve and one o'clock in the night, the watchman called me up to see if I had lost any thing out of the shop, as he said the door was open; I made all the haste I could down, and missed four saws; the watchman told me, the man who had taken them was apprehended, and was in the watch-house. I went to the watch-house, and saw the prisoner, and all the things mentioned in the indictment. The prisoner came to work for me about six weeks before Christmas, and lodged in the house; I discharged him last Monday was week, because I could not get him to work; that was the Monday before the robbery; he always behaved very well while he was with me; I never suspected him.</p>
<p>- M'KENZIE sworn.</p>
<p>I am a patrol. On the 6th of May, about half after 12 o'clock, as I was taking my rounds, I saw the prisoner lurking about the prosecutor's house; on my coming up to him he crossed the way; I told the watchman of him; I went away and returned again in about ten minutes, and met the prisoner with the saw; I laid hold of him, and asked him where he was going; he said, to his lodgings. I asked him where he got the things; he said they were his own; that he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190018"/> worked at Mary-le-Bonne. I took him to the watch-house. He was within two yards of the prosecutor's door when I took him; it was dark, I did not see him come out of the house; I found all the things under his arm.</p>
<p>(The things were produced in court.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. My name is at full length on the plane; I am so much used to the saws that I cannot but know them.</p>
<p>Suppose you was at work in a shop with ten carpenters, who all had six saws each, could you pick your saws from among them? - Yes; if there were fifty I could; the stock is mine: I have the bit here that fits it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether he has not given me leave to take tools if I had a job to do, without asking him? - He often has taken tools and brought them back again; whether that was his intent now I leave to you.</p>
<p>Was the door broke open? - There is a door under my shutter that was neglected to be bolted, where I suppose he might get in.</p>
<p>Have you let him take tools? - Yes, he had not many of his own.</p>
<p>That was while he lived with you? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did you lend him any after he left you? - I do not recollect that I have lent him any; I believe if he had asked me I should.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-16-person201"> ROBERT GOLDNEY
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person201" type="surname" value="GOLDNEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person201" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a patrol; I saw the prisoner lurking about some time; he went over to the Hay-Market; my comrade bid the watchman take care of him, and we went away. when we returned, we took him, with the things upon him, within a few yards of the prosecutor's door. He said he had been at work at Mary-le-Bonne, at the New Chapel, and was going to his lodgings in Drury-Lane. I thought it an odd way from
<persName id="t17790519-16-person202"> Mary
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person202" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person202" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> le-Bonne to Drury-Lane through Sutton-street. We took him to the watch-house, and found the things upon him.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-16-person203"> RICHARD DAVIS
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person203" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person203" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a broker's shop in Little Earl street, Seven Dials. I have known the prisoner seven years; I have frequently employed him, and lent him tools and money; he punctually paid me. He had recourse to my house; I never missed any thing.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-16-person204"> JOHN DAVIS
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person204" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person204" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a shoemaker. I have known the prisoner about nine years; I never heard any thing to blemish his character before this affair. I introduced him into a benefit society which I belong to. I would not have done that if he had not borne a good character.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-16-person205"> ANDREW ROOKE
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person205" type="surname" value="ROOKE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person205" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a victualler. I have known the prisoner upwards of three years. I never heard any thing to impeach his character before this; he used my house and paid me very honestly.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-16-person206"> JAMES LANE
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person206" type="surname" value="LANE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person206" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner nine years; he lodged in my house two years and a half; I never heard any thing but that he was very honest.</p>
<p>Jury to the prosecutor. Whether you have permitted him to take tools at a late hour of the night? - No, not so late as that; he has told me that he has had a job to do, and has taken tools which he has brought back again.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-16-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-16-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-16-person207"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person207" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person207" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17790519-16-punish99" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-16-punish99" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-16-punish99" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-16-defend197 t17790519-16-punish99"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-17">
<interp inst="t17790519-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<interp inst="t17790519-17" type="date" value="17790519"/>
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<persName id="t17790519-17-defend209" type="defendantName"> ANTHONY COLEMAN
<interp inst="t17790519-17-defend209" type="surname" value="COLEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-defend209" type="given" value="ANTHONY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-defend209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-17-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-17-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing eight glass bottles of red Port wine, value 8 s. one bottle of Calcavalla wine, value 2 s. one bottle of Frontiniac wine, value 18 d. and a bottle of Madeira wine, value 18 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-17-victim211" type="victimName"> John Baldero
<interp inst="t17790519-17-victim211" type="surname" value="Baldero"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-victim211" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-victim211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-17-off100 t17790519-17-victim211"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-17-viclabel101" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-17-victim211 t17790519-17-viclabel101"/>
<rs id="t17790519-17-cd102" type="crimeDate">May 13th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-17-off100 t17790519-17-cd102"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-17-person212"> JOHN ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person212" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person212" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Baldero, in
<placeName id="t17790519-17-crimeloc103">Bedford-square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-crimeloc103" type="placeName" value="Bedford-square"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-crimeloc103" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-17-off100 t17790519-17-crimeloc103"/>. The prisoner was Mr. Boldero's
<rs id="t17790519-17-deflabel104" type="occupation">butler</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-17-defend209 t17790519-17-deflabel104"/>. I saw the prisoner hide five bottles of wine in the coal-hole of my master's house. I saw him carry them from the pantry to the coal-hole, in a secret manner. I have twice heard the prisoner confess he took the wine out of Mr. Baldero's cellar. I found a pint of Madeira and a bottle of Frontiniac
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190019"/> in a box of the prisoner's, containing some linen; the wine was under the linen. I saw a bottle of wine upon the sacking under the bedclothes of the prisoner's bed. I heard the prisoner confess that he took all the wine out of his master's cellar.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-17-person213"> ROBERT HINCEMAN
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person213" type="surname" value="HINCEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person213" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. On Friday morning I was sent for to take charge of the prisoner. I went between eight and nine in the morning; the prisoner was then in bed. I was desired by the other servants to search the prisoner's things; I did and found two bottles of wine under his linen in the box, and one under the bedclothes; I found five bottles of wine in the coal-hole. Mr. Baldero asked him how he came by the wine, he confessed that he took the key out of the parlour, and opened the cellar, and took out the wine. One of the bottles was not full. He fell on his knees and asked his master's pardon. Mrs. Baldero charged him with having the key of the locker in the back parlour in which the key of the cellar was kept; the prisoner denied it; I searched him and found the key upon him.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-17-person214"> JOHN YOUNG
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person214" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person214" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the keeper of St. Giles's round-house. Last Thursday I had a gentleman's servant in the roundhouse that was impressed to go before the commissioners. The prisoner came to see him; he brought a bottle of wine and asked him to drink; he handed it round; I had a glass.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-17-person215"> JOHN WALDEN
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person215" type="surname" value="WALDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person215" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Bedford Arms in Charlotte-street, near Mr. Baldero's, in Bedford-square. On Thursday the prisoner brought a basket with three bottles in it to my house, and desired me to take care of them till I saw him; I do not know what was in the bottles. I never saw him afterwards, till I saw him here</p>
<p>JOHN BALDERO Esq. sworn.</p>
<p>When the prisoner was charged with taking the wine, he went down on his knees and begged I would forgive him. He confessed that he took a small key that belonged to the locker off the side board, out of which locker he took the key of the wine vaults, and went down and got the wine out of the wine vaults. This confession related to the five bottles of wine.</p>
<p>Jury. Whether this confession came freely from the prisoner, or was obtained by promises? - There were no promises whatsoever; I charged him with being ungrateful, I had been a friend to him in a particular manner; he went down on his knees and desired me to forgive him; I desired him to get up off his knees, I said I should certainly prosecute him, and I went into another room.</p>
<p>Is there any marks on the bottle? - I cannot say that there is.</p>
<p>Whether you apprehend him to have been guilty of taking all the wine at one time, or that it was taken on different days? - Different days I believe.</p>
<p>I have often sent for wine; I have bought wine several times of Mr. Walden; I could not get a glass of wine in the house, I had always the key of the locker; the night before Mr. Baldero went to Bath my master's son delivered me out five bottles; my mistress charged me with drinking the wine; I said I could tell her when they were opened time and place; she took the key of the locker from me.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-17-person216"> JOHN WALDEN
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person216" type="surname" value="WALDEN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person216" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-17-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner bought two pints of port wine of me at different times while his master was at Bath.</p>
<p>Jury to Mr. Baldero. Did you trust him with the keys of the cellar? - No; only with the key of the locker where the key of the cellar was.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-17-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-17-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. DEPUTY RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-18">
<interp inst="t17790519-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-18-off106-c180" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-18-defend218 t17790519-18-off106 t17790519-18-verdict110"/>
<persName id="t17790519-18-defend218" type="defendantName"> JAMES DAVIS
<interp inst="t17790519-18-defend218" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-defend218" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-defend218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-18-off106" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-18-off106" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-off106" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he in the king's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17790519-18-victim220" type="victimName"> Charles Manners
<interp inst="t17790519-18-victim220" type="surname" value="Manners"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-victim220" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-victim220" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-18-off106 t17790519-18-victim220"/> </persName> , Esq. commonly called the
<rs id="t17790519-18-viclabel107" type="occupation">Marquis of Granby</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-18-victim220 t17790519-18-viclabel107"/>, did make an assault, and did feloniously demand the monies of the said Charles, with intent the monies of the said Charles to steal </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-18-cd108" type="crimeDate">May 8th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-18-off106 t17790519-18-cd108"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-18-person221"> JOHN WEATHALL
<interp inst="t17790519-18-person221" type="surname" value="WEATHALL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-person221" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am second coachman to the Marquis of Granby.</p>
<p>Was you driving the Marquis on the 8th of May. - Yes; the coach was stopped between nine and ten at night at
<placeName id="t17790519-18-crimeloc109">Knightsbridge</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-crimeloc109" type="placeName" value="Knightsbridge"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-crimeloc109" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-18-off106 t17790519-18-crimeloc109"/>, near the cloth manufactory, coming from the duke of Rutland's. The prisoner was coming a sharp pace; at the side of the horses he said, stop immediately, d - n your eyes, or I will blow your brains out! I did not see any thing in his hand. I did stop as he desired. I might run perhaps twenty yards. As soon as the carriage stopped I watched his motions; I saw him at the chariot, and saw my fellowservant lay hold of him.</p>
<p>Did you hear what he said to the Marquis of Granby? - No.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-18-person222"> LUKE WEST
<interp inst="t17790519-18-person222" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-person222" type="given" value="LUKE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am footman to the Marquis of Granby. I was behind the chariot when my lord was coming from the Duke of Rutland's, between nine and ten o'clock. The prisoner came behind the carriage first, then he passed it, and rode up to the coachman. I immediately leaned my head over the carriage, and heard him say three or four times - stop, or I will blow your brains out! When the chariot stopped he went to the window, and said to the Marquis of Granby - deliver your money immediately, or I will blow your brains out. I jumped over the wheels, laid hold of him, and unhorsed him. He said he would blow my brains out. My lord came out of the chariot, and we secured him, put him into a hackney coach, and carried him before a magistrate.</p>
<p>I have no witnesses. Knowing myself clear of any robbery I thought it was of no
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190023"/> use to call any. I was in liquor. I know not what I might say. I belong to one of his majesty's ships. I did not expect my trial to come on till the afternoon. I was in liquor. I asked his lordship if I had robbed him, or demanded his money. He said no I had not. It was never my intention to do any thing of the kind. The horse I had was my own.</p>
<p>To West. Were any fire-arms found upon him? - No.</p>
<p>Were there none found near the place? - None that I know of.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-18-verdict110" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-18-verdict110" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-18-punish111" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-18-punish111" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-18-punish111" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-18-defend218 t17790519-18-punish111"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-19">
<interp inst="t17790519-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<interp inst="t17790519-19" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-19-off112-c184" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-19-defend224 t17790519-19-off112 t17790519-19-verdict116"/>
<persName id="t17790519-19-defend224" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH MURRAY
<interp inst="t17790519-19-defend224" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-defend224" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-defend224" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-19-off112" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-19-off112" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-off112" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. a leather pocket book, value 1 s. a Bank note for 50 l. a Bank note for 20 l. another Bank note for 20 l. another Bank note for 20 l. and another Bank note for 20 l. the property of
<persName id="t17790519-19-victim226" type="victimName"> Robert Barry
<interp inst="t17790519-19-victim226" type="surname" value="Barry"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-victim226" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-victim226" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-19-off112 t17790519-19-victim226"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-19-viclabel113" type="occupation">Esq.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-19-victim226 t17790519-19-viclabel113"/> privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-19-cd114" type="crimeDate">May 11th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-19-off112 t17790519-19-cd114"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-19-viclabel115" type="occupation">CAPTAIN</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-19-victim226 t17790519-19-viclabel115"/>
<persName id="t17790519-19-person227"> ROBERT BARRY
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person227" type="surname" value="BARRY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person227" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you recollect on May the 10th meeting with the prisoner? - I believe it was the 11th. I believe it was past twelve o'clock. I had rather taken a glass too much; still I had my recollection, but I did not attend to the hour. I had been at Munday's coffee-house, in Round Court, to meet a gentleman who did not come. When I left the coffee-house, in my way through the court to Chandos-street, the prisoner accosted me. I desired her to go about her business; that I did not wish to see her; that I was not a fit person for her, and so forth. She told me a great many stories, and so far insinuated herself as to demand my attention. She told me she was exceedingly poor. Seeing me to be an officer, she said she had been at Gibraltar a considerable time, and had known some persons in the 58th regiment. She begged me to hear her story; that I would go to a place called the Key tavern, just by there. She, I believe, rung at the door, and a man opened it. I went just within the door. I do not know whether I called for drink or she did. The man said there was none to be had. I went out directly. I said, poor creature, go about you business, here is half a crown in charity, and she went away. Immediately after she was gone I missed my handkerchief, and said, I believe in the hearing of the waiter, that she had picked my pocket. I had no suspicion then of any thing else, and went home to Wood's Hotel, where I lay. When I had got into bed I felt, as I always make it a rule, to know if I had my pocket book; sometimes I have things of value in it. It being gone I was a good deal alarmed. I got up, put on my clothes, and took my servant with me, and went to see after her. I went to the place where I first met with her, but could see nothing of her. Two patroles came up, and, seeing a woman, ran up to her, and brought her down to me. When she came I knew so little of her, upon my word, I could not recollect her face; but, upon her speaking, I perfectly well knew the voice, and she immediately owned she was the person that had been with me. I forgot to observe that I told the patrole I had been robbed by her. I asked her how she could be guilty of such an infamous thing as robbing me. She denied it. The patrole carried her to the Key tavern; when we came there she persisted in denying the robbery. I went to search her pocket. The patrole said it was his province to search her. She then put her hand into her pocket, and pulled out this pocket book. (Producing it) I said, that is my pocket book. She pulled out a memorandum book, and then my handkerchief, which I have not here. I had that night a 50 l. note.</p>
<p>How long before you met her had you seen the notes in the pocket-book? - I saw the notes in the pocket-book that day, and I had the pocket-book at Medley's. I had a 50 l. note I got in change of a 100 l. note at Biddulph and Cock's, and four 20 l. notes, which I had in part of payment of a draft from Mr. Ballard, upon Biddulph and Cock's. I had them in my pocket-book at the time it
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190024"/> was taken out of my pocket. I asked her where the notes were; she persisted in denying them; I went into a room to persuade her to give my property up; I told her I would not prosecute her; I said a good deal to her upon the occasion; I said if she did things of this kind she must come to an untimely end some time or other. She still persisted that she had them not. She would not give them up. As we were carrying her from thence to St. Martin's watchhouse she produced the four 20 l. notes, and gave them to one of the patroles, who immediately gave them to me; I opened them and found there were only the four 20 l. notes. I said there was a 50 l. note, where is that? she said she had it not; I told her she certainly must have it, and when she went to the round-house she should be stripped and examined, which accordingly she was; the note was not found upon her; the person who examined her wished to know if he should examine farther than he did, (your Lordship knows what I mean, I do not mention it out of delicacy). Hearing some people had connexion with her, the constable went to see if they could find it. She lay in the round-house that night. As these prosecutions are disagreeable, and the world censures them, I had not an inclination to bring the thing on, and the woman was consequently discharged. That very day, a friend of mine asked me if I had the number of the 50 l. note; I said I had not, but could get it at Biddulph and Cocks's; he went with me and we got the number of the note, and went to the Bank on Wednesday morning, and stopped the payment of it. She was taken up in consequence of my understanding that note was paid to a Mr. Bride, by three women. The part of the pocket-book my notes were in has a clasp. She did not know the manner of it, and had forced it open to get the notes out.</p>
<p>What pocket had you the book in? - My left hand waistcoat pocket. My handkerchief was in my coat pocket. I have but three of the notes here; I have paid one away. The notes I received of Messrs. Biddulph and Cocks, and a 50 l. note, were the notes in my pocket, these are the notes, the prisoner gave me; she said they were my property.</p>
<p>Court. Can you positively recollect that you had the pocket-book when you met the girl? - Positively. I had it in Munday's coffee-house. I saw nobody but the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-19-person228"> JAMES WENDER
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person228" type="surname" value="WENDER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person228" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am clerk to Messrs. Biddulph and Cocks the bankers.</p>
<p>Do you remember paying a sum of money to Captain Barry? - Yes. On the 10th of April, a 50 l. Bank note, one of 20 l. and two of 15 l.</p>
<p>Did you pay any further sums? - On the 8th of May, four 20 l. notes, and 4 l. in cash.</p>
<p>To Captain Barry. On the 8th of May you received these four notes? - Yes.</p>
<p>To Wender. Look at these notes (showing him the three 20 l. and 50 l. notes)? - These are the notes, I have the particulars of them from our books, I paid them to him myself.</p>
<p>(The notes were read in court, and corresponded with the statement of them in the indictment.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-19-person229"> JOSEPH TUNK
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person229" type="surname" value="TUNK"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person229" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a patrole. On the 11th of May at about a quarter or half after two in the morning, when I was standing in Vine-street, just by the gateway that leads from Chandos-street, I saw two men coming down. Captain Barry came up to me and said a woman had done a very wicked thing somewhere thereabout. He said if I could tell where she lived, or apprehend her, he would give me 20 l. I said to him, to pretend to put one's hand on such a person here I might as well pretend to put my hand on a needle in a bottle of hay. I said has she robbed you; he said she had, of four 20 l. notes and a 50 l. note. I stopped and saw a woman coming; I said, is this her; I went and took her by the arm and asked her if she was the person; she owned it immediately to me, and said she had the pocket-book which I charged her with, I took her to Captain Barry, and asked him if he knew her; he said no, he did not know her face;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190025"/> upon her speaking, he said he knew her voice, that she was the woman's upon that she owned she had the pocket-book.</p>
<p>How far was you from Captain Barry when you took her? - It might be about fifteen yards I believe. I put my hand in her left hand-pocket, and found one of the pocket-books. I put my hand in her right hand pocket, and found the other with clasps; he went to take it, and would have let her go, but I said no, you shall go to the watch-house and see that you have your property. We took the prisoner to the Key Bagnio, and the prosecutor desired to go into a room to speak to her; we went into the room all together; the prisoner desired we might go out of the room; we went out, but though I was out of the room I could hear all that passed; he talked to her of the had consequences of it; after a long persuading, she would not produce the notes; I then went in and said if he talked to her ever so long she would never produce the notes, and insisted upon her going to the watch-house, upon which we all came out, and as we were going along, I said if she did not produce the notes she would be hanged. When we were near Chandos-street, she turned about and said, I will own the truth now; she pulled a bundle of notes out of her bosom, and said here are the notes. I gave him the notes, and he desired to go back to the bagnio; we did; he looked at the notes; there were only the four 20 l. notes; he said there was a 50 l. note. She persisted in denying that, but owned she took the other four from him. I searched her pockets, and found half a crown, which she said the gentleman gave her, and two shillings and a sixpence, and the gentleman's pocket handkerchief.</p>
<p>Do you remember any further conversation between her and Mr. Barry in the room? - Yes; he said, did not I meet you by mere accident in the street, seeing me an officer, you told me you knew a person in the regiment I was in, a relation of yours, and out of charity because you knew him, I gave you half a crown; how could you do such a wicked thing to rob me?</p>
<p>Court to Mr. Barry. At the time she took your pocket-book did you know of her taking it? - No; I did not miss it till I got to bed.</p>
<p>I did not know that my trial would come on so soon; I have no witnesses; he said to me he had not lost his pocket-book, and that he had been with another woman.</p>
<p>To Mr. Barry. Did she deny having the pocket-book, when you first saw her, or only the Bank notes? - I cannot say.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-19-verdict116" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-19-verdict116" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-verdict116" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> GUILTY of stealing the goods, but not guilty of stealing them privately from the person </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-19-person230"> Baron HOTHAM
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person230" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person230" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-19-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
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<interp inst="t17790519-19-punish117" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-19-defend224 t17790519-19-punish117"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-20">
<interp inst="t17790519-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-20-off118-c190" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-20-defend232 t17790519-20-off118 t17790519-20-verdict121"/>
<persName id="t17790519-20-defend232" type="defendantName"> BENJAMIN WHITE
<interp inst="t17790519-20-defend232" type="surname" value="WHITE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-defend232" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-defend232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-20-off118" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-20-off118" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing 70 lb. of lead, value 6 s. the property of
<persName id="t17790519-20-victim234" type="victimName"> Peter Swinton
<interp inst="t17790519-20-victim234" type="surname" value="Swinton"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-victim234" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-victim234" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-20-off118 t17790519-20-victim234"/> </persName> , the said lead being affixed to a certain empty house, the property of the said Peter </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-20-cd119" type="crimeDate">April 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-20-off118 t17790519-20-cd119"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-20-person235"> DANIEL COCKFIELD
<interp inst="t17790519-20-person235" type="surname" value="COCKFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-person235" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am plumber to Mr. Swinton, he has a house in
<placeName id="t17790519-20-crimeloc120">Acton Street, Gray's Inn Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-crimeloc120" type="placeName" value="Acton Street, Gray's Inn Lane"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-crimeloc120" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-20-off118 t17790519-20-crimeloc120"/>. On the 30th of April I was informed that some lead had been stolen from Mr. Swinton's house, and was at the sign of the Angel; I went and saw it, and knew it to be the lead I had put on the pediment. I measured the pediment and the lead, and compared the screws with which it had been screwed down; I am sure it is Mr. Swinton's property; I saw it on the pediment on the 27th.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-20-person236"> THOMAS WRIGHT
<interp inst="t17790519-20-person236" type="surname" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-person236" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 27th of April in the morning, about four o'clock, as I was going my rounds, I met a man with a bag over his shoulder going into his apartment; I asked him what he had there.</p>
<p>Where is his apartment? - Goswell-street. I asked him what he had there; he said what is that to you. Upon that he threw the bag off his shoulder and ran for it; I pursued and took him. I took the lead to the watch-house and afterwards to Justice Black-borow's;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190026"/> and then it was carried to the sign of the Angel where Cockfield saw it. I went and searched the prisoner's apartment and found some more lead.</p>
<p>On the last Monday was three weeks I went down to Ware in Hertfordshire to see my brother; after I had seen him I came back the same night; coming up between Tottenham High Cross and Stamford Hill Turnpike, I saw a Jack ass and a pair of pads; I went and looked and saw there was nothing in the pads; I went a little farther and saw something that I thought was a man asleep, I went to it and found it was two bags; I kicked it and found it was very heavy; I opened them and found it was lead; I waited a while till a man came up with a team who was going to Dalston; I got him to bring it for me as far as Kingsland turnpike; I then took one bag to my lodging and went and fetched the other, and just as I got home with it this man came and asked me what I had got; I said nothing of any consequence; I supposed it did not belong to him. He opened his coat and pulled out a pistol, which put me in a flurry and I made my escape. He threw his pistol after me and said d - n you. When he took me he called some butchers to assist him, they would not; he pulled his bayonet off and stabbed me three times in the side.</p>
<p>To Wright. What account did he give of the lead? - He said he found it at Stamford Hill.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-20-verdict121" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-20-verdict121" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-20-punish122" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-20-punish122" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-20-punish122" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-20-defend232 t17790519-20-punish122"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-21">
<interp inst="t17790519-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-21-off123-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-21-defend237 t17790519-21-off123 t17790519-21-verdict125"/>
<persName id="t17790519-21-defend237" type="defendantName"> ISABELLA RAY
<interp inst="t17790519-21-defend237" type="surname" value="RAY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-defend237" type="given" value="ISABELLA"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-defend237" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-21-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-21-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a mahogany tea chest, value 2 s. and a looking glass, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-21-victim239" type="victimName"> Thomas Statford
<interp inst="t17790519-21-victim239" type="surname" value="Statford"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-victim239" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-victim239" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-21-off123 t17790519-21-victim239"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-21-cd124" type="crimeDate">April 17th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-21-off123 t17790519-21-cd124"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-21-person240"> THOMAS STATFORD
<interp inst="t17790519-21-person240" type="surname" value="STATFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-person240" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lost the goods on the 17th of April, about twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>(The goods were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-21-person241"> JOHN HAYS
<interp inst="t17790519-21-person241" type="surname" value="HAYS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-person241" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner, with the goods in her possession, running along a court in Nightingale-lane, in great confusion; I and a boy who is on board a ship, pursued her; upon which she threw the things away and took refuge in an empty house. I afterwards attended her before the justice, there she fell into a fit.</p>
<p>(The prisoner did not say any thing in her defence.)</p>
<rs id="t17790519-21-verdict125" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-21-verdict125" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-verdict125" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-21-punish126" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-21-punish126" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-21-punish126" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-21-defend237 t17790519-21-punish126"/> W </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. DEPUTY RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17790519-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-22-off127-c199" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-22-defend245 t17790519-22-off127 t17790519-22-verdict130"/>
<p>276, 277.
<persName id="t17790519-22-defend243" type="defendantName"> WRIGHT STAGG
<interp inst="t17790519-22-defend243" type="surname" value="STAGG"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-defend243" type="given" value="WRIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-defend243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17790519-22-defend245" type="defendantName"> THOMAS GROVES
<interp inst="t17790519-22-defend245" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-defend245" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-defend245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-22-off127" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-22-off127" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-off127" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a piece of woollen cloth, containing seventeen yards, value 14 l. the property of
<persName id="t17790519-22-victim247" type="victimName"> Lloyd Beale
<interp inst="t17790519-22-victim247" type="surname" value="Beale"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-victim247" type="given" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-victim247" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-22-off127 t17790519-22-victim247"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-22-cd128" type="crimeDate">May 15th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-22-off127 t17790519-22-cd128"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-22-person248"> ELISABETH DICKINS
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person248" type="surname" value="DICKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person248" type="given" value="ELISABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person248" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Islington. On the 15th of May, as I was going by Mr. Lloyd's, to market, I saw the two prisoners walking by his house; I watched them, and saw Groves go in and bring out a piece of black cloth and give it to Stagg; I informed a person of it who stood at the corner of the court and they were taken.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-22-person249"> JOHN PANTRY
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person249" type="surname" value="PANTRY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person249" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was standing at the corner of
<placeName id="t17790519-22-crimeloc129">Dove-court</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-crimeloc129" type="placeName" value="Dove-court"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-crimeloc129" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-22-off127 t17790519-22-crimeloc129"/>, where Mr. Beale lives; Dickins came up to me and said two fellows had robbed that house, pointing to Mr. Beale's; I saw the prisoners at the door, I went up towards them, and they both ran away; Stagg had a piece of cloth under his arm, Grove looked back, and Stagg dropped the cloth. I called for assistance, and they were both secured; there was nobody in the street from one end to the other but the two prisoners. I am positive Stagg had the cloth; I took it up.</p>
<p>Stagg. Did you see me chuck the cloth down? - No. He chucked it down immediately as he turned the corner; I saw it in his hand.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190027"/>(The cloth was produced in court by the constable and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-22-person250"> LLOYD BEALE
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person250" type="surname" value="BEALE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person250" type="given" value="LLOYD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The cloth was brought to be pressed; I had it in my hand about five minutes before Pantry brought it to me; we had a countryman at our house, and were observing how pretty the mark was; it was taken out of the work-shop in the house.</p>
<p>What is the value of it? - About ten pounds.</p>
<p>I am as innocent of it as the child unborn; I never had the cloth under my arm.</p>
<p>As I was coming along I heard the cry of stop thief! I ran, and the gentleman laid hold of me.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-22-verdict130" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-22-verdict130" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-verdict130" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> BOTH GUILTY of stealing to the value of 39 s. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-22-punish131" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-22-punish131" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-22-punish131" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-22-defend243 t17790519-22-punish131"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-22-defend245 t17790519-22-punish131"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17790519-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<interp inst="t17790519-23" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-23-off132-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-defend252 t17790519-23-off132 t17790519-23-verdict135"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-23-off132-c205" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-defend254 t17790519-23-off132 t17790519-23-verdict135"/>
<p>278, 279.
<persName id="t17790519-23-defend252" type="defendantName"> ESTHER HICKMAN
<interp inst="t17790519-23-defend252" type="surname" value="HICKMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-defend252" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-defend252" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17790519-23-defend254" type="defendantName"> SARAH ARMSTRONG
<interp inst="t17790519-23-defend254" type="surname" value="ARMSTRONG"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-defend254" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-defend254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-23-off132" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-23-off132" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-off132" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a piece of printed linen cloth, containing eighteen yards, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-23-victim256" type="victimName"> Isaac Scott
<interp inst="t17790519-23-victim256" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-victim256" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-victim256" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-off132 t17790519-23-victim256"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-23-cd133" type="crimeDate">May 18th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-off132 t17790519-23-cd133"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-23-person257"> ISAAC SCOTT
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person257" type="surname" value="SCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person257" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17790519-23-viclabel134" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-victim256 t17790519-23-viclabel134"/>. The prisoners came into my shop to be served with some linen. My servant shewed them several pieces; I was in the shop when they came in, but went up stairs. I was called down and told they had taken a piece of linen. I went and found them at the Coach and Horses, and brought them back, and the servant at the ale-house brought the linen in after them.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-23-person258"> ALEXANDER YOUNG
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person258" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person258" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Tuesday the 18th of March, at about half after six o'clock, I went to Mr. Scott's to fetch a piece of cloth for my mother; the prisoners were in the shop, one of them had a red cloak on; I saw a piece of cloth hang down under the red cloak; I saw it move just before she lifted it up under her cloak. I had a suspicion of them. When they were gone, I told Mr. Scott of it, and I staid till they were brought back again.</p>
<p>Which had the red cloak on? -
<persName id="t17790519-23-person259"> Sarah Armstrong
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person259" type="surname" value="Armstrong"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person259" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person259" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; the other was at the other end of the counter.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-23-person260"> ESTHER SAVOY
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person260" type="surname" value="SAVOY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person260" type="given" value="ESTHER"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant at the Coach and Horses, in Bartholomew Close. I was coming out of the yard; the prisoners were in the house. Hickman asked me to bring up a bundle she had dropped down the cellar stairs; I went to fetch the bundle; before I returned, Mr. Scott came, and took them out of the house. I carried the linen to Mr. Scott's.</p>
<p>Where was Hickman when she asked you to bring up the bundle? - Sitting on our stairs next to the cellar stairs; I delivered the linen to Mr. Scott.</p>
<p>Mr. Scott. I took care of the linen till we went to Guildhall then I delivered it to the constable.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-23-person261"> Joseph Spencer
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person261" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person261" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a constable produced the linen which was deposed to by the prosecutor.</p>
<p>I leave it to your generosity; that boy and woman are bribed to take our lives away.</p>
<p>The woman told the boy they should go to the Old Bailey, and have some money, and laughed as she has done now in your lordship's face.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-23-verdict135" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-23-verdict135" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-23-punish136" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-23-punish136" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-23-punish136" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-defend252 t17790519-23-punish136"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-23-defend254 t17790519-23-punish136"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-24">
<interp inst="t17790519-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24" type="year" value="1779"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17790519"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24" type="date" value="17790519"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17790519-24-off137-c212" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-24-defend262 t17790519-24-off137 t17790519-24-verdict140"/>
<persName id="t17790519-24-defend262" type="defendantName"> JOHN MATTHISON , otherwise
<rs id="t17790519-24-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-24-defend262 t17790519-24-alias-2"/>MAXWELL</rs>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-defend262" type="surname" value="MATTHISON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-defend262" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-defend262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-24-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-24-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> that he feloniously did forge and counterfeit a Bank note with the name O'Gething thereunto subscribed, purporting to bear date the 2d day of March, 1779, and to have been signed by one
<persName id="t17790519-24-person264"> Owen Gething
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person264" type="surname" value="Gething"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person264" type="given" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for the governor and company of the Bank of England, for the payment of the sum of 20 l. to Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-24-person265"> Robert Goordon
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person265" type="surname" value="Goordon"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person265" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> or bearer on demand the tenor
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190028"/> of which said forged and counterfeited note is as followeth </rs>, that is to say</p>
<p>No. 151 17 79</p>
<p>I promise to pay to Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-24-person266"> Robert Goordon
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person266" type="surname" value="Goordon"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person266" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> or bearer on demand the sum of 20 pounds,</p>
<p>London, the 2d day of March, 1779, for the governor and company of the Bank of England.</p>
<p>O. Geething.</p>
<p>Entd R. Lateward.</p>
<p>with an intention to defraud
<persName id="t17790519-24-victim267" type="victimName">the governor and company of the
<rs id="t17790519-24-viclabel138" type="occupation">Bank of England</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-24-victim267 t17790519-24-viclabel138"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-victim267" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-24-off137 t17790519-24-victim267"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17790519-24-cd139" type="crimeDate">March 9th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-24-off137 t17790519-24-cd139"/>.</p>
<p>2d Count. For forging a note in the form of a Bank note, with the like intention.</p>
<p>3d Count. The same as the first only with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17790519-24-person268"> Edward Man
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person268" type="surname" value="Man"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person268" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>4th Count. The same as the second with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17790519-24-person269"> Edward Man
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person269" type="surname" value="Man"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person269" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>5th Count. For forging a promissory note, with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17790519-24-person270"> Edward Man
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person270" type="surname" value="Man"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person270" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>6th Count. The same as the 5th with intention to defraud the governor and company of the Bank of England.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person271"> EDWARD MAN
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person271" type="surname" value="MAN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person271" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a silversmith at Coventry. The prisoner came to my shop on the 11th of March last, to buy a pair of buckles and asked me if I could give him cash for a Bank note; I said I had not enough in the house, but I would go to a neighbour, a banker; I went to Messrs. Liddle and Co. and got the cash, and delivered the Bank note to their clerk, Jeremiah Wall. (The note shown him.)</p>
<p>Can you tell whether that note is it? - I cannot say whether that was it or not.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person272"> JEREMIAH WALL
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person272" type="surname" value="WALL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person272" type="given" value="JEREMIAH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Did you receive any note from Mr. Man? - Yes.</p>
<p>To Mr. Man. What time in the day did the prisoner bring it to you? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>Was it day-light? - Yes.</p>
<p>How long did he stay? - Only while I went to get change.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>You never saw him before? - No, nor after, till I saw him at Sir
<persName id="t17790519-24-person273"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person273" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person273" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's.</p>
<p>To Wall. Is that the note? - Yes; we copied it in our day books; I put 888 upon the back of it under the Britannia.</p>
<p>Are you sure that is the same note that you received that day from Mr. Man? - I am very positive.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>What is the meaning of that number? - It is a method we use in entering notes, we do it only for our own satisfaction.</p>
<p>Do you always use the same numbers, or progressive numbers? - Progressive numbers, we begin from one to about 1000 and then begin again.</p>
<p>There is nothing but this number to induce you to believe this is the note? - It is the strongest evidence of it.</p>
<p>What day was it brought? - The 11th of March.</p>
<p>How do you know that? - From the entry in our books.</p>
<p>Where are the books? - At Coventry.</p>
<p>You speak from your memory being refreshed by the books? - Yes.</p>
<p>And nothing else? - No.</p>
<p>Court. Did you make the entry in the books yourself? - Yes.</p>
<p>Messrs. Liddle and Company do a great deal of business? - Yes, as much as any country offices do I believe.</p>
<p>In the course of four months past how many Bank notes have gone through your hands? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>Is not O. Gething the name commonly subscribed to Bank bills? - Yes.</p>
<p>You would have known nothing of the identity of the bill if you had not inspected the books at Coventry? - I am certain that is the note.</p>
<p>From inspecting the books? - Yes.</p>
<p>Connsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>You have looked at the entry you yourself made? - Yes, I have.</p>
<p>Having so refreshed your memory, are you positive this is the note which was brought to you by Mr. Man on the 11th of March - Quite positive.</p>
<p>Court. Do you recollect how soon after you received the note it was that you put the fig ures 888 upon it? - I cannot tell the minute, as soon as time would permit.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190029"/>Do you put the numbers on before you put the notes in the drawer? - Yes, always.</p>
<p>This is your hand writing? - It is.</p>
<p>Should you have known it by the number without seeing the books? - Yes; I gave the cash and made the entry with my own hand.</p>
<p>(The note was read in court and exactly corresponded with the statement of it in the indictment.)</p>
<p>Can you tell how far you have got in the progressive numbers? - No.</p>
<p>Since the 11th of March to your own knowledge have you indorsed any other bill 888? - Not to my knowledge.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person274"> FRANCIS MARTIN
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person274" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person274" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am deputy secretary to the Bank.</p>
<p>Whether that is a genuine Bank note? - I believe it to be a false one; I have examined this note with our books; I do not find such a note issued out of the Bank that day. I have examined both the cash book and the note ledger.</p>
<p>Have you any other reason to say it is not a genuine Bank note? - Yes the dotted lines drawn along here are not true, a pair of compasses will show it, they are not parallel, they are not such as could be taken from the plate used by the Bank; the letter N at No. is a little different; in the word bearer the e and the r are too close.</p>
<p>Court. You have examined it with the plate? - I have with other notes taken from the plates.</p>
<p>You have a general knowledge of the form the Bank plates bear, as to the circumstances you have related? - Yes, I have.</p>
<p>From that knowledge you made these observations? - Certainly so; and I believe this is a forged note.</p>
<p>Is there any other reason that occurs to you on the face of it? - I do not recollect any at present.</p>
<p>Jury. Has the cutting of the bill in two made no alteration in the parallel lines? - I believe it has not.</p>
<p>Does your observation go to the parallel lines on the same part of the paper? - I think it is perceivable by the eye.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person275"> OWEN GETHING
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person275" type="surname" value="GETHING"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person275" type="given" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am one of the cashiers of the Bank.</p>
<p>Is it you business to sign Bank notes? - Yes, it is.</p>
<p>Look at that name, O. Gething? - That is not my hand-writing.</p>
<p>You are perfectly sure of that? - I am.</p>
<p>There is no other cashier of the Bank of your name I suppose? - No. This is not Bank paper, and no such note as that has been issued from the Bank.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>The water mark is in that? - There is something like the water-mark Bank of England.</p>
<p>Can you tell upon the view of the mark itself whether it is the water-mark used by the Bank? - It is not: and the white lines in the paper of this note are not the same as ours.</p>
<p>So you are sure it is not Bank paper? - I am.</p>
<p>Court. All Bank notes are not written upon paper of the same consistencey; some Bank notes are upon much thicker paper than other? - There may be a little difference in that.</p>
<p>Court. Is the number of white lines always the same upon the Bank paper? - I believe it will be found so.</p>
<p>What reason have you to swear that this is not your hand writing? - Because there has no such note been issued on that day.</p>
<p>Does it differ as you can see in any respect from your own hand-writing? - It does differ; it is stiffer.</p>
<p>Suppose you saw that upon an indifferent paper, and had not the reasons which you now have to think this was a forgery, could you have sworn it was not your hand-writing? - I do not know that I could.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>You will not say it is impossible for a clerk of the Bank to issue a note and mistake the day of the month? - It is not impossible.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person276"> RICHARD LATEWARD
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person276" type="surname" value="LATEWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person276" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are an entering clerk at the Bank? - I am.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190030"/>I believe you see the name
<persName id="t17790519-24-person277"> Richard Lateward
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person277" type="surname" value="Lateward"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person277" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> signed there? - Yes.</p>
<p>Is that or not your hand-writing? - It is not my hand-writing.</p>
<p>By what token is it that you can say it is not? - I generally strike the R and the L.</p>
<p>So then you take upon you positively to swear, that it is not your hand-writing? - I do.</p>
<p>Suppose that name was presented to you upon a sheet of common paper, would you be able to say that was not your hand-writing? - I should.</p>
<p>Do not you sometimes write your Bank notes without a flourish? - No, I do not generally.</p>
<p>To Mr. Gething. Look at this ten pound note, that is a genuine note is it? - It is.</p>
<p>When was that made out? - On the 2d of March 1779.</p>
<p>Who took it out? - I cannot say that.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person278"> SAMUEL FIDO
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person278" type="surname" value="FIDO"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person278" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Did you ever pay that note at the Bank? - I did.</p>
<p>What are you? - A teller at the Bank of England.</p>
<p>When did you pay that note? - On the 17th of March I received this note from the prisoner, and paid him, money for it, and for two others; he brought for payment.</p>
<p>Court. Were they all good? - All good.</p>
<p>Court. How came you to recollect particularly receiving this note from the prisoner on the 17th of March? - On the 24th of March he came again to me to have two Bank notes for thirty pound, one for twenty and another for ten. The Excise-office were paying in 7000 guineas. There was a scruple about one of them; the prisoner looked at it as it lay at a distance, and said it was a good one; then I recollected him; I turned to the book and saw I had paid him those three notes.</p>
<p>Court. When notes are paid at the Bank they are cancelled are they not and never issued again? - They are never issued again, there is a hole stamped through the note, and the cashier's name is torn off.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person279"> JAMES TALBOY
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person279" type="surname" value="TALBOY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person279" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Where do you live? - Opposite Arundel-street in the Strand.</p>
<p>Do you know the prisoner? - Very well.</p>
<p>Do you remember his coming at any time this year, and when, to lodge at your house? - On the 27th of February to the best of remembrance.</p>
<p>What apartment had he? - A first floor for himself, and an upper chamber for his sister to lie in; he had the first floor for his own use and she a three-pair-of-stairs back room. My house is four stories high.</p>
<p>Do you remember when he left your house to go into the country? - I think it was on the 24th of March.</p>
<p>Had he been out of town before at any time? - At two separate times.</p>
<p>Did he go out of town any other time? - He went out twice in the course of the month of March; once he was out a week; the second time he was out only two days.</p>
<p>Have you any recollection about what time he went out of town? - He came to lodge at my house on Saturday the 27th of February; and on the Tuesday or Wednesday sen'night following he set off; he told me he was going to Norwich.</p>
<p>How long was it before he returned? - About a week.</p>
<p>Did you make observation of his manner of living while he was in your house? - He behaved with all the good order and regularity that we wished for; he kept remarkable good hours, and during his whole stay he drank only one pint of liquor.</p>
<p>Did you observe any thing particular in his behaviour or in the style of his living? - He seemed no way shy whenever he came in, he passed the compliment of the day or the night, and would sometimes stand for some time in the shop, and chat about indifferent matters.</p>
<p>Did he carry on any business that you observed? - When he took my apartment, I asked him for what length of time he would have it; he said a fortnight or three weeks; he said as soon as he had finished his business he should go out of town; I asked
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190031"/> him what his business was, he said he was a clock and watch-maker, and came to town for some little instruction. He some times was privately by himself in his back room, from which I judged that he had some piece of work that required retirement.</p>
<p>What do you mean by privately? - His sister was not with him, he was by himself.</p>
<p>Court. Did his sister appear in the character of a gentlewoman? - She appeared very mean for a person that took an apartment at fifteen shillings a week.</p>
<p>Court. You do not know by what coach he set out? - He did not acquaint me of quitting his appartment till half an hour before he left it.</p>
<p>Do you know by what coach he went? - The first time he went off, he went with boots and a whip, upon which I supposed he was going on horseback.</p>
<p>You do not happen to know of his taking a place in the Norwich stage, or any thing of that sort? - No.</p>
<p>Jury You cannot recollect whether it was the Tuesday or Wednesday he went from your house? - No, I cannot, but I believe it was the Tuesday; he still had the lodgings, his sister staid in them.</p>
<p>Court. At what time of the day did he set out? - At three in the afternoon.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person280"> MARGARET TALBOYS
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person280" type="surname" value="TALBOYS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person280" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person280" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you remember upon what day the prisoner went out of town? - It was on a Tuesday.</p>
<p>Was it on a Tuesday or Wednesday? - On a Tuesday at three in the afternoon he set out.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person281"> DAVID WATERS
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person281" type="surname" value="WATERS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person281" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a brazier in Crooked-lane, Cannon-street.</p>
<p>Do you know the prisoner? - I do. He had some copper plates of me.</p>
<p>When? - In February.</p>
<p>Describe what sort of copper-plates they were? - The two first copper-plates that I made were about four inches and an half wide and seven and a half or eight inches long.</p>
<p>How many had he in the whole? - I think about four or five.</p>
<p>Were the plates proper for engraving? - I cut them out of a piece of rough plate that I had left; this is a piece of the copperplate that I cut four or five other plates out of. (producing a piece of flat copper with a rough square.)</p>
<p>Did he assign any reason for it? - He came in and asked me if I could make him a couple of copper-plates; I told him I would show him what copper I had in the house if it would suit him; I sent my boy up into the shop to bring down two pieces of copper-plate; I shewed them to him; he said it would do very well; and I was to cut him out two of such dimensions; he described the dimensions very particularly; four and a half wide, I think, and seven and a half or eight inches long.</p>
<p>Court. You did not ask him what they were for? - I did not; he told me they were for engraving, and they were to go into the country; he was very particular; he wanted them immediately; I told him I could not leave off what I was about; he asked when I could get them done; he begged I would do them immediately; he said how long will it take up if you go about them immediately; I said two hours; he said he would call in two hours; he called in that time; I was going to do it with some emery, to make it smooth; he said that would not do, it must be ground upon a stone, and he would do it himself.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person282"> MORRIS BULLWAY
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person282" type="surname" value="BULLWAY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person282" type="given" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a stationer.</p>
<p>Do you remember seeing the prisoner at any time? - Yes.</p>
<p>Where? - At our shop in Cheapside.</p>
<p>What did he come there for? - To buy some paper.</p>
<p>What paper? - Paper that we call extra thin post.</p>
<p>Was it the same sort of paper as that? (showing the witness the forged note and some paper found upon the prisoner apparently of the same sort.) - It seems to me to be the same sort of paper.</p>
<p>When did you sell it him? - About three or four months ago.</p>
<p>Are you sure it was the prisoner? - Yes, this paper produced to me now is the same person's make as the paper I sold him.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190032"/>Did he come more than once to your house? - Two or three times, and bought the same paper; he bought a quire at a time.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Take that 20 l. note in your hand again, are you a judge of the make of paper? - I am not.</p>
<p>Has any of the paper that you have been looking at a water mark in it with the words Bank of England? - I did not see that it had.</p>
<p>Now turn that bill round to the light and observe the words in a water mark Bank of England at the bottom of the bill? - Yes, I think I perceive it faintly.</p>
<p>Will you take upon you to say that you sold that paper to the prisoner at the bar? - No, I cannot.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>We suppose, that a piece of that paper was cut off and the words Bank of England stamped in it afterwards by some means.</p>
<p>To Martin. Do you say the water mark Bank of England is put into your paper when the paper is made, or afterwards? - I apprehend when the paper is made.</p>
<p>Jury. Is the paper-maker here that makes the paper for the Bank of England, because we should be glad to know if there is a possibility of putting that mark upon the paper after it is made.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>He is not here.</p>
<p>Court. Can you find that agree with any part of that stamp that is in the middle of the paper? The observation is that in every true Bank note, there is that flourish across the Britannia exactly. In that piece of paper you may cut off as much as will make a bank bill that there is no mark at all in. Then the counsel say, the same that would put upon the paper Bank of England would make that flourish across the Britannia.</p>
<p>Jury. There is paper enough to make the note without using any that has the mark upon it.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>And the same mark would make the lines they have been talking about.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person283"> SAMUEL FIDO
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person283" type="surname" value="FIDO"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person283" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> again.</p>
<p>Was you present at the apprehension of the prisoner? - I was.</p>
<p>Where did you apprehend him? - In the Bank of England: I apprehended him on the 11th of April.</p>
<p>Had he any bundle with him at the time you apprehended him? - Not that day; the next morning I heard of his going along Cornhill; I followed him.</p>
<p>Court. Did you let him go on the 11th? - Yes. I saw him in Cornhill the next day, and followed him; I took him in Leadenhall-street, and persuaded him to go back to the Bank; he had then a bundle with him.</p>
<p>Have you any of the contents of that bundle here? - The bundle was delivered to the Bank.</p>
<p>Was Mr. Acton present then? - No; but I believe he saw the bundle opened.</p>
<p>Was you present when the bundle was opened? - No.</p>
<p>Court. Did you take the bundle from him the second time you apprehended him? - He left the bundle at a little shop under the change.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-24-person284"> JOHN ACTON
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person284" type="surname" value="ACTON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person284" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are the sollicitor of the Bank? - I am.</p>
<p>Of course you attended this man when he was apprehended upon suspicion and at the different steps of the enquiry? - I did.</p>
<p>Was you present when any bundle was produced in his presence, as taken from him? - I was.</p>
<p>When was that? - Upon the 15th of April.</p>
<p>Where? - At the Bank.</p>
<p>Did he acknowledge it to be his? - Positively.</p>
<p>Produce the contents? - There was this paper (producing a large quantity of thin paper) likewise a pair of pistols, some engraving tools, three Bank notes taken up in the name of
<persName id="t17790519-24-person285"> John Maxwell
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person285" type="surname" value="Maxwell"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person285" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , which was the name he went by. Two were for 10 l. and one for 20 l. and 200 guineas in cash; and there was some clothes and stockings in it.</p>
<p>Did the prisoner say any thing about it at that time? - Not then.</p>
<p>You attended I presume when he was carried before Sir
<persName id="t17790519-24-person286"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person286" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person286" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - I did.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190033"/>Were any promises made by the directors that if he would make a discovery they would not prosecute him? - None by any body.</p>
<p>Nothing I believe tended to a confession there? - No, a denial.</p>
<p>Those three Bank notes were good were they? - Yes; I carried him to Bow-street, in order to be examined, and we went to Brompton; he was there examined by Sir
<persName id="t17790519-24-person287"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person287" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person287" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he there persisted in telling the same story he had done at the Bank the day before which was the 16th.</p>
<p>Court. What account did he give of himself when he was carried before the directors? - To the best of my recollection he said his name was Maxwell, that he had been in the country, that he was a watch-maker, and had come here to buy tools; he had some watch tools with him; I forget whether the watch tools were in the bundle or not; he said he had got all this money by selling light gold; he told the same story again before Sir
<persName id="t17790519-24-person288"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person288" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person288" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> at Brompton the next day. When it was discovered that he answered to the description of the person who had been advertised for a forgery, upon the Darlington bank; when that description was read to him, and he was asked whether his name was not John Matthison (for that was the name he was advertised by) he burst into tears, and said I am a dead man, I will now tell you the whole.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Whether-in-this stage of the examination I may be at liberty to ask Mr. Acton whether there was not a confession taken in writing before the justice? - There was not a confession taken in writing.</p>
<p>None? - None.</p>
<p>Was there no examination of this man taken in writing? - I took minutes.</p>
<p>Was not there an examination taken in writing? - No, not of him; he never signed any examination.</p>
<p>But whether answers given by the prisoner were not put into writing by the justice's clerk? - No; none except my minutes.</p>
<p>Do you know whether Justice Fielding's clerk, or his people, took minutes of what the prisoner said? - Not that I remember.</p>
<p>Court. If there was an examination reduced into writing, and signed by the prisoner himself, and the justice, then you cannot give parol evidence of it. Were any of the directors of the Bank present at this time? - The governor was.</p>
<p>Court. Were any promises made by the governor, or any body else, of mercy if he would confess? - Not the least.</p>
<p>Did his confession appear to you to be free and voluntary? - I am perfectly satisfied it was free and voluntary.</p>
<p>Give an account of what he said as correctly as you can? - When he said he would tell us the whole, of course we asked whether he was concerned in these forgeries or not.</p>
<p>Court. These forgeries is very indistinct. Did you say any thing about the present note in question; was the present note in question then produced? - A great many were, but I cannot say whether the present was; I believe that was not come in.</p>
<p>Court. Confine your evidence to what you know with respect to this Bank note? - I asked him, among other things, where he had put off those notes.</p>
<p>Court. That was before this Bank note was produced? - Yes; among the rest of the people, he said, he had put off one of 20 l. to a silversmith at Coventry, of whom he had bought a pair of buckles.</p>
<p>How soon was it before this note was produced? - It was several days after; we went to the different places where he had put off those notes, particularly to Coventry; the note being brought up, I went for the people to identify the man, and prove the note.</p>
<p>When was this note produced to the prisoner? - It was on the 5th or 6th of May; then he was brought before Sir
<persName id="t17790519-24-person289"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person289" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person289" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> again; when the buckles that had been bought of Mr. Man, at Coventry, were produced, they had been found by the prisoner's direction in Scotland. When this note was produced to him I asked him whether this was one of the notes which he made at Talboy's? he having before said where he made them, and how. He said he believed it was.</p>
<p>Did he acknowledge that that was the note he had put off at Coventry? - He
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190034"/> said he believed it was. Wall had then sworn positively to the note. I then asked him whether the name, Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-24-person290"> Robert Goordon
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person290" type="surname" value="Goordon"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person290" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was his hand-writing. He said, he believed it was. I asked him, upon his former examination, where he bought the paper, for, upon comparing it with the lines, we were perfectly satisfied in our own conscience, that it was the same paper. I asked him where he bought it; he said, of a stationer in Cheapside, who is the master of the young man that has given evidence. He said he bought it at a stationer's in Cheapside, nearly opposite the church, and I enquired at the stationers' shops till I found the shop.</p>
<p>Do you recollect whether any thing passed between you and the prisoner by which you learned from him, whether the water-mark, the Bank of England, was done after the paper was made, or was upon the paper, when he bought it? - That question was asked him when he first said he would confess. He said that he could make the water-mark after the paper was made, and that he would not disclose the method for the sake of the publick.</p>
<p>You are perfectly satisfied that you did learn from the prisoner himself that it was done after the paper was made? - Undoubtedly; he said, no man living knew it but himself. He afterwards told us how he did it.</p>
<p>Court. All that he said was, you asked him if the name of
<persName id="t17790519-24-person291"> Robert Goordon
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person291" type="surname" value="Goordon"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person291" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-24-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was of his hand-writing; he said, he believed it was; how came you not to ask him whether the cashier and the other names were written by him? - As he admitted he made that at Talboy's, I took it for granted; and he said that this ten pound note was the note he had made it from.</p>
<p>What I confessed then was what was not true, they speak things against me that are very uncertain.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-24-verdict140" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-24-verdict140" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17790519-24-punish141" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-24-defend262 t17790519-24-punish141"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice WILLES.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17790519-25-defend293" type="defendantName"> CHRISTOPHER PLUMLEY
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<interp inst="t17790519-25-defend293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-25-off142" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-25-off142" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-off142" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 16 s. and a pair of plated spurs, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17790519-25-victim295" type="victimName"> John Savin
<interp inst="t17790519-25-victim295" type="surname" value="Savin"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-victim295" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-victim295" type="gender" value="male"/>
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<rs id="t17790519-25-cd143" type="crimeDate">April 20th</rs>
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<p>(The witnesses were examined apart, at the request of the prisoner.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-25-person296"> SUSANNAH RICHARDS
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person296" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person296" type="given" value="SUSANNAH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person296" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at
<placeName id="t17790519-25-crimeloc144">No. 7, Great Mary-le-Bonne-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-crimeloc144" type="placeName" value="No. 7, Great Mary-le-Bonne-street"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-25-off142 t17790519-25-crimeloc144"/>; my husband is an haberdasher and hosier. Mr.
<persName id="t17790519-25-person297"> John Savin
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person297" type="surname" value="Savin"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person297" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was a lodger in our house. On the 20th of April last, the prisoner and another man came to my house about one o'clock in the afternoon, to look at a lodging. I shewed them up stairs; we went into a room next to Mr. Savin's bed-chamber. While I was shewing them that room the prisoner went into Mr. Savin's room. Upon missing him, I immediately followed him; on my going into the room he seemed very much confused, and turned pale. This raised a suspicion in me, that he had taken something; I said I hoped he had not taken any thing out of the room; he said, he was surprised at my saying such a thing; he did not know what I meant. Recollecting that Mr. Savin's shoe-buckles lay in that room, I said I hoped he had not taken a pair of silver shoe-buckles out of that room; on that they both ran down stairs. I ran down after them, and said, gentlemen, if you have not stole any thing you need not run away so fast, and I called to my servant to stop them if she could, if not to cry stop thief as soon as they were out, which she did, and the prisoner was taken and brought back. He held the buckles in his hand, and asked me if they were the buckles that were lost. I said they were the same pattern as the buckles that used to lie there, but I could not swear to them. The constable has the buckles. The prisoner said he was a Master Tailor, and had two lodgings, and a house of his own.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not the other man look at the lodgings particularly? - You both looked at them.</p>
<p>Did I ask you any questions about the lodgings? - I cannot recollect.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Were we both in the room together? - You was not in the room. I went to look for you when I found you was not with me.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190035"/>Prisoner. What apartments in the house were to let at that time? - There would have been all the upper part, because the gentleman was going away.</p>
<p>Prisoner. What room were the buckles in, the back room or fore room? - I have no back room.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Were we not both on the stairs together? - Yes; both going up and coming down.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You say we were both together the whole time? - No; I said no such thing.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-25-person298"> JOHN SAVIN
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person298" type="surname" value="SAVIN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person298" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the 20th of April I went out about ten in the morning. I left my shoe-buckles and spurs in the closet. When I returned, which was about four in the afternoon, Mrs. Richard told me she had been robbed of my buckles, and desired I would go up stairs, and see if I had lost any thing else. I went up and missed my spurs likewise. The buckles cost me 27 s.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-25-person299"> RICHARD ROBERTS
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person299" type="surname" value="ROBERTS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person299" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was a constable then. I am not now. I was sent for to take the prisoner into custody. I took him to the round-house, and found the spurs in the inside pocket of his coat.</p>
<p>What did he say to you about the spurs? - He said nothing about them then. In the evening, when he was in the coach going to the justice's, he owned to me and Andrews that he took the spurs.</p>
<p>Did he own he took the spurs out of Mr. Richards's house? - He said he had done that that was wrong.</p>
<p>He said nothing about the buckles? - No; he said if we could get him off to go for a soldier he would make us a handsome present.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not you see a silk handkerchief in my hand when you took me? - Possibly he might have a handkerchief, I cannot say.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The other party delivered the spurs to me on the stairs in this handkerchief. I did not know but they were his own property.</p>
<p>(The buckles and spurs were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<persName id="t17790519-25-person300"> THOMAS ANDREWS
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person300" type="surname" value="ANDREWS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person300" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am beadle of the parish. I was sent for by Mr. Richards. I went, and found the constable there. He desired me to assist him in securing the prisoner. We took him to the round-house. He was searched, and the spurs found upon him. He acknowledged he had taken the buckles. He said he was very sorry, and if we could get him off at the justice's to go for a soldier or sailor, he would make us a handsome present.</p>
<p>Roberts. I saw one of the buckles in his hand when I first came to the house.</p>
<p>Who was the person that took the prisoner, and brought him back?</p>
<p>Mrs. Richards. A life-guard man. I went after him this morning, and he was gone out.</p>
<p>I was at a publick-house in Fetter-lane; there I met with a tailor, who engaged me to work for him, and gave me a pair of breeches to make. I carried them home on the Tuesday following, and met with the other man there. He asked me to go with him to Mary-le-Bonne, to receive some money. He took me to this house; he said he wanted an apartment for a gentleman. He was shewed up stairs; I staid some time in the dining-room, which the servant was cleaning. I went up stairs, and heard him telling the landlady he would call and give her an answer another time. As we were upon the stairs, he delivered me the spurs in a handkerchief, and bid me put them into my pocket, which I did very innocently. I did not steal them, or know that they were stolen. This lady informed my wife, my trial could not come on till Friday; I am entirely unprepared. I am willing to serve his Majesty if I am found guilty, in any capacity the Court may think proper.</p>
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<interp inst="t17790519-25-verdict145" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-25-verdict145" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing the spurs only to the value of 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. DEPUTY RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-25-punish146" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-25-punish146" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
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<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190036"/>282, 283.
<persName id="t17790519-26-defend302" type="defendantName"> JOHN MORGAN
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<interp inst="t17790519-26-defend302" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-defend302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17790519-26-defend304" type="defendantName"> HENRY JONES
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<interp inst="t17790519-26-defend304" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-defend304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17790519-26-off147" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-26-off147" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-off147" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> coining a halfpenny </rs>,
<rs id="t17790519-26-cd148" type="crimeDate">April 28th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-26-off147 t17790519-26-cd148"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person305"> WILLIAM LAWRENCE
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<interp inst="t17790519-26-person305" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep the Feathers, a publick-house in Thames-street.</p>
<p>Do you recollect the prisoners coming to your house on the 28th of April? - I was not at home when they came in. When I came home, Morgan was sitting in the taproom; he said to my wife, mistress, give me change for these two pints of beer, and offered her a sixpence. She having a child in her arms, she desired me to give him change. I took the sixpence, and went to the door, and found it was a bad one. I told him it was a bad sixpence; he gave me another. I looked at that, and found it was a bad one, and told him so. He then gave me another, and said D - n them, I believe they are all bad - if my father was a coiner, I could turn
<persName id="t17790519-26-person306"> Jack Ketch
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person306" type="surname" value="Ketch"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person306" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> for him and hang him. That piece was bad. He then gave me a shilling, and I changed that. I got into discourse with him, and asked him who he was; he said, he kept a chandler's shop; I said to him, Morgan, if I was to come into your house, and call for three halfpennyworth of bread and cheese, and offer you three bad sixpences; what should you think me to be? he said, a blackguard. Then I said, I must think you a blackguard, for offering me three bad sixpences. He then desired Jones to go on with the bundle he had, and bid me draw him another pint of beer. I suspected they had counterfeit money about them; I followed Jones out, and asked him what he had there; he said, that he had nothing but some tools; to the best of my knowledge he said tools; he did not tell me they were counterfeit halfpence, I am sure of that. Morgan followed me out of the door, and said, let him go, he has nothing but a few counterfeit halfpence. With that I desired Jones to come back; he did, and Morgan followed him. When he was come back, I sent for a constable, and charged him with them both. Before I charged them, I opened the bundle, and found a parcel of counterfeit halfpence.</p>
<p>Q. What else? - Nothing but counterfeit halfpence. There were three bundles: in each bundle five shillings worth, also a single shilling's worth, and twenty-six shillings worth tied up in papers. This is one of them (producing it) the others I have at home. I did not think it worth while to bring them all; they have been in my custody ever since. Mr. Burkwood, Mr. White, and myself, took them to the Compter. We searched Morgan, and found upon him a small and a large key, and about two shillings in silver. Burkwood took the keys from him. In his discourse he told me, first, he lived at Wood's Close; that he kept a chandler's shop. Then he said he lived somewhere near Wheeler-street, Cold-Bath Fields. I went, in consequence of his direction, to a chandler's shop in Wood's Close, and found he had lived there. I was there directed to a little Court in Cold-Bath-Fields; they could not tell me the name of the court. I went and found the court; I enquired at the corner, and was informed, he lived the second or third door up the court. I said to Mr. Burkwood, let us keep together. I went and rang at the bell three times; nobody answered. I took the key from Burkwood's hand, and opened the door with it; we went up stairs, and saw a candle burning in a little room.</p>
<p>What time was this? - Between nine and ten o'clock in the evening, we then went down, and found a press and several other articles. We then, went up stairs again, and in the room where there was a bed, we found two dies for halfpence upon the floor, and in the cupboard of the room.</p>
<p>(The dies were produced in court.)</p>
<p>Was that in the room where you saw the light? - No; there did not appear to be any lodgers in the house; there were but two beds in the house. Jones said that he had slept in one of them a week, and Morgan and his wife lay in the other. He said, they had made no halfpence there yet. I asked him who dug the hole to fix the block in for the press; he told me himself.</p>
<p>When did he say that, before or after you had been in the house? - After; we could not tell that there was a block there till we had been. The block was fixed in the ground, and the press lay in the cellar; the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190037"/> press was not fixed up. There were several articles, as wedges for fixing it up.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>You took all the halfpence from Jones? - Yes; Morgan bid him go on with the bundle, it was on the table; he shoved it to him.</p>
<p>Did not you hear when you came to the house that it belonged to one Edwards? - I am very certain Morgan said it was his house; Jones, who slept with him, said it was his house.</p>
<p>Did not you hear that the implements were left there by Edwards? - I heard so from Morgan.</p>
<p>The fly, I believe, was not in the house? - No; it was in the house of one Steel.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person307"> WILLIAM BURKWOOD
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person307" type="surname" value="BURKWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person307" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I went with Mr. Lawrence to the house of Morgan. I gave him a key, which Morgan said was the key of his house; with which Lawrence opened the door; I was with him when he found the several things which are produced.</p>
<p>Lawrence. Morgan said, when he was before Alderman Pugh, that he wanted a clean shirt, and the key was given him to get one.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person308"> JOSEPH SAGE
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person308" type="surname" value="SAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person308" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Are those halfpence coined at the Mint or counterfeit halfpence? - They are counterfeit halfpence.</p>
<p>Do they appear to have been made from those dies? - Yes; and the halfpence have the same date; I have no doubt they were made from those dies; they fit exactly. (The press was produced in court).</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person309"> JOHN CLARK
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person309" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person309" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You have seen those dies and the press? - I saw the press and fly in the yard; I have not seen the dies.</p>
<p>Look at the dies; are all those instruments proper for coining? - They are proper for coining.</p>
<p>For Morgan.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person310"> BENJAMIN GUNSEY
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person310" type="surname" value="GUNSEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person310" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Morgan eight years; he always bore a good character; he lodged in my house five years and three quarters.</p>
<p>What business did he follow? - That of a carpenter; he went out to work in the morning, and came home regularly in the evening.</p>
<p>How long is it since he lodged with you? - About three quarters of a year; I have known him to this time.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person311"> PAUL RHODES
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person311" type="surname" value="RHODES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person311" type="given" value="PAUL"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a carpenter. Morgan has worked for me seven years backwards and forwards; he is a very honest man; I have trusted Morgan at different times with a 20 l. 30 l. or 40 l. Bank note to get cash for me.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person312"> JOHN WARWICK
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person312" type="surname" value="WARWICK"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person312" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Morgan about a year and a half; I always believed him to be a very honest man. When I heard of this affair, I could not believe it, nor can I now believe it.</p>
<p>Are you a carpenter? - No; I am a fine-drawer.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person313"> JOHN PATTERSON
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person313" type="surname" value="PATTERSON"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person313" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Morgan nine years; he has borne a good character. I am a bricklayer.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person314"> GEORGE LOCKE
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person314" type="surname" value="LOCKE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person314" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Morgan four years; he is an honest man as far as ever I heard. I am a smith.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person315"> THOMAS LEWIS
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person315" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person315" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known Morgan between four and five years; he bore a good character as far as I ever heard.</p>
<p>I can prove I am quite innocent of the affair. I worked about six years ago for Mr. Freeman at the Board of Ordnance; I did some carpenter's work for Mr. Morgan; he asked me to carry this bundle for him; I lay at his house a fortnight; I had no money to send to my master to come to my character.</p>
<p>I was at work for Mr. Pratt, I hung a door for him on the Tuesday. I was taken on the Wednesday. I borrowed some silver that day; I did not know but the sixpences were good.</p>
<p>Pratt. He did hang a door for me, but I cannot remember the day.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person316"> JOSEPH BASSETT
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person316" type="surname" value="BASSETT"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person316" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Mr. Morgan came to me on the Wednesday morning, the day he was taken, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177905190038"/> asked me to lend him seven shillings; I told him it was rather inconvenient but if he would let me have it again that night or next morning, I would. There were four sixpences among the money that I lent him; they were all good as far as I know.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-26-verdict149" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-26-verdict149" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17790519-26-person317"> JONES
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person317" type="given" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17790519-26-verdict150" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-26-verdict150" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE WILLES.</p>
<rs id="t17790519-26-punish151" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-26-punish151" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-26-punish151" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-26-defend302 t17790519-26-punish151"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-26-defend304 t17790519-26-punish151"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17790519-26-punish152" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17790519-26-punish152" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-26-defend302 t17790519-26-punish152"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17790519-26-defend304 t17790519-26-punish152"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17790519-27">
<interp inst="t17790519-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-27" type="year" value="1779"/>
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<persName id="t17790519-27-defend318" type="defendantName"> HENRY HOPE
<interp inst="t17790519-27-defend318" type="surname" value="HOPE"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-27-defend318" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17790519-27-defend318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for