<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the COUNTY of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 29th of April, 1778, and the following Days;
<p>Being the FOURTH SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble Sir
<persName id="f17780429-1-person1"> JAMES ESDAILE
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person1" type="surname" value="ESDAILE"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person1" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="f17780429-1-person2"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person3"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person3" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , And Published by Authority.</p>
<p>Printed for JOSEPH GURNEY (the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar,</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780429-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES ESDAILE
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person4" type="surname" value="ESDAILE"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person4" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt.
<persName id="f17780429-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person5" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person5" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the City of London; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780429-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM BLACKSTONE
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person6" type="surname" value="BLACKSTONE"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person6" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780429-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES EYRE
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person7" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person7" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder;
<persName id="f17780429-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> THOMAS NEWGENT
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person8" type="surname" value="NEWGENT"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person8" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Common Serjeant, and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Christopher Kempster
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person9" type="surname" value="Kempster"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person9" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Packer Oliver
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person10" type="surname" value="Oliver"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person10" type="given" value="Packer"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person10" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person11" type="jurorName"> David Davis
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person11" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person11" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person12" type="jurorName"> James Emelyn
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person12" type="surname" value="Emelyn"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person12" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person13" type="jurorName"> John Villers
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person13" type="surname" value="Villers"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person13" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person14" type="jurorName"> George Harrison
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person14" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person14" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Thomas Knowles
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<interp inst="f17780429-1-person15" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Thomas Wallis
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<interp inst="f17780429-1-person16" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bates
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<interp inst="f17780429-1-person17" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person18" type="jurorName"> William Munden
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person18" type="surname" value="Munden"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person18" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person19" type="jurorName"> David Egleton
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person19" type="surname" value="Egleton"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person19" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person20" type="jurorName"> George Cockson
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person20" type="surname" value="Cockson"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person20" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person21" type="jurorName"> John Clark
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<interp inst="f17780429-1-person21" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person22" type="jurorName"> John Frith
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<interp inst="f17780429-1-person22" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person23" type="jurorName"> James Penny
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<interp inst="f17780429-1-person23" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person24" type="jurorName"> William Rogers
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person24" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person24" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person25" type="jurorName"> George Jackson
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person25" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person25" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William Hooper
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person26" type="surname" value="Hooper"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person27" type="jurorName"> John Shrimpton
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person27" type="surname" value="Shrimpton"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person27" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Brown
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person28" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person29" type="jurorName"> John Lowe
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person29" type="surname" value="Lowe"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person29" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person30" type="jurorName"> James Ball
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person30" type="surname" value="Ball"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person30" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Henry North
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person31" type="surname" value="North"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person31" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780429-1-person32" type="jurorName"> John Chipperfield
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person32" type="surname" value="Chipperfield"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person32" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780429-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The list of the London Juries will be given at the beginning of the second part.</p> </div1>
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<p>294. 295.
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<interp inst="t17780429-1-defend36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780429-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that they in the king's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780429-1-victim38" type="victimName"> Thomas Farrow
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-1-off1 t17780429-1-victim38"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person and against his will a hempen bag, value 1 s. six pounds of tea, value 30 s. ten pounds of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290003"/> sugar, value 5 s. a leather trunk, value 5 s. a deal box, value 3 d. ten pounds of ginger-bread, value 3 s. a basket of earthen ware, value 10 s. and a hempen sack, value 6 d. the property of the said
<persName id="t17780429-1-person39"> Thomas Farrow
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<rs id="t17780429-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">January 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-1-off1 t17780429-1-cd2"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-1-person40"> THOMAS FARROW
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<interp inst="t17780429-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">keep a stage-cart</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-1-victim38 t17780429-1-viclabel3"/> between Enfield and London. I was robbed on the last day of January between seven and eight in the evening, between
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-1-off1 t17780429-1-crimeloc5"/>, by a tree that is called the Round Tree, in the road near the eighth mile stone. I sat upon the fore-board of my cart, with my horses double; there was a man in the cart with me; his name, I believe, is Minew, he is a weaver: as I was driving along, he said, Mr. Farrow your things give way. I turned my head and saw the tail of the cart open; it was a tilted cart, with a sacking cover, and was tied behind with a strong hempen rope. Seeing my cart open behind, I was stopping my horses; when a man came up on foot to the near side of my cart, and said, halloa! I said halloa! said he, what is the matter? I said matter enough; then he said, stop this minute or I will blow your brains out; I stopped. Then he put a cutlass to my breast, and said, if you stir or move I will cut your bloody head off. I did not see any pistol: as soon as he had said that, he halloed out, come on, come on; then Thomas Bright came on the off side of my cart, and another came up into the hind part of my cart, and one went to the horses heads; when he came to the horses heads, he said, what is the matter? the other said, go along, what is that to you, or I will blow your brains out; he replied, don't you know me, blast you come round, you are stupid, you don't know what you are about, and I have a good mind to blow your brains out; it was the man who stood over me that said that to the other that came on the off side of the cart; then that man came round to the hind part of the cart; then they called to one another, ship off, ship off. The man that stood over me kept threatening me that if I offered to look or turn my head he would cut my bloody head off. They then took a trunk containing ladies wearing apparel, a basket of earthen ware, a deal box of gingerbread, and an empty sack.</p>
<p>How long did they stay with you? - Full a quarter of an hour; they came off for London. After they had ransacked the cart the first time, when they did not take the bag of grocery, they did not seem to be satisfied with what they had got; the man that stood over me said, have you nothing else? I said no; he then put his foot over the foot-board of my cart and felt the bag; he said, this is a bag of grocery? I said it was, and that I had forgot to tell them of it. Then he called out to one of them, come on and get this out, here is a bag of grocery; upon that Grant came up into the cart, Bright came up on the off side, and then the others called out, come on. Grant could not get the bag of grocery out himself, he blasted my eyes, and said, if I did not help him out with it he would cut my bloody head off. I assisted them, and the man that stood over me helped it down. Grant continued in the cart and searched it a second time; he swore, if he found a box or any thing in it more than they had got, they would cut my bloody head off. I begged hard for my life: I told them I had a large family, and I told them I had nothing but paper and half a hogshead of ale, and I begged them not to throw that out; they blasted me and the ale too; then I thought they would have let me go. Bright said, now the man may go on; the man that stood over me replied no, d - n him, he shall not; he bid Bright come and take a pistol. Bright came towards me and took something, but whether a pistol or what I cannot tell; the other bid him go to the horses heads, and said, if he offers to stir or move blow his brains out, and I will go behind and see if they have got all off; Bright went accordingly and stood at my horses heads, and he went behind my cart; I believe he might be gone a full minute; then he came up again, and said they have got all off, all is clear; Bright said, now he may go on; no, said the other, d - n him, he shall not go; then I was afraid they were going to use me ill. I begged for mercy; they said d - n you we will cut your reins. I begged hard that they would not; yes, blast you, said the man that stood over me with a culass, we will cut your reins, or people will say you have not been robbed, this will convince them
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290004"/> that you have. Then the man that stood over me with a cutlass cut my near horse's rein, and
<persName id="t17780429-1-person41"> Thomas Bright
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<interp inst="t17780429-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> cut the rein of the off horse; after they had done that they said I might go on. I said, gentlemen, pray don't use me ill, for I cannot go on without I tye my horses together, for my horse in the shafts is blind; the man with the cutlass said, you may get down and tye your horses together, but if you offer to come behind your cart or look back, we will blow your brains out; and they said, if I met any body and made any alarm, they would follow me and cut my head off. I said I would not. I was obliged to lead my horses all the way home.</p>
<p>How soon after this were the prisoners apprehended? - I don't know, the man is here that took them. I gave an information at Sir
<persName id="t17780429-1-person42"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person42" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person42" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's the morning after I was robbed.</p>
<p>Did you tell the justice what sort of men they were, whether tall or short, or how dressed? - No; I did not.</p>
<p>Was it a moon light or dark night? - It was a duskish evening.</p>
<p>Had they any thing over their faces? - No.</p>
<p>Did you know any of them at that time? - No.</p>
<p>Did you know any thing of Sullen before he was taken? - No.</p>
<p>You swear very positively that Bright was one of the men; and that Grant was another? - Yes.</p>
<p>Do you mean to swear to their faces? - Yes; to their features.</p>
<p>Had you ever seen them before? - Never to my knowledge.</p>
<p>When did you see them again? - About three weeks ago; I cannot justly say the day; I saw them at Sir
<persName id="t17780429-1-person43"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person43" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; I immediately knew them to be the same persons; I begged of Sir John before I saw them, that he would let them be put into a room among others, and I would pick them out if they were the people that robbed me; they did so; and I fixed upon the prisoners, as soon as I came into the room.</p>
<p>Before they spoke? - Yes.</p>
<p>Did you know them by any thing else besides their persons; their voices for instance? - I could not swear to their voices; but their voices answer their persons; there were four in the gang; but one of them never came in sight, though I heard his voice.</p>
<p>Where was the empty bag found? - In Sullen's stable.</p>
<p>Where is that bag? - It is not here; the man who was along with me, said he was so frightened, that he could not say any thing.</p>
<p>Is that man here? - No; he thought much of the expence.</p>
<p>Court. You convicted a man last session, upon which conviction you are intitled to a reward; and therefore that cannot be true. - I had a great mind to subpoena him.</p>
<p>Did you say upon the last trial that there was a man in your cart? - I did not.</p>
<p>Here are three mens lives depending upon your testimony only, when another person was present. - The man would not come.</p>
<p>If you had told Sir
<persName id="t17780429-1-person44"> John Fielding
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<interp inst="t17780429-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> that you had a man in the cart with you, he would have made him come.</p>
<p>Are you quite sure that the prisoners are the two men? - I am.</p>
<p>I am quite innocent of the charge. When this man was before Sir
<persName id="t17780429-1-person45"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person45" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person45" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he said he only believed me to be one of the men that robbed him by my size. Sir John said I stood indicted, and I must therefore come here to be tried; or otherwise he would have admitted me to bail.</p>
<p>For Grant.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-1-person46"> DAVID PROTHERO
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person46" type="surname" value="PROTHERO"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person46" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prosecutor said before Sir
<persName id="t17780429-1-person47"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person47" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person47" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; that he was positive to Bright; but he made a doubt as to Grant; he said he believed him to be the man by his stature and his voice; but he was not positive to him.</p>
<p>Court to the prosecutor. Have you been able to trace these men to prove them in company any where that night? - I have not.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-1-person48"> ELIZABETH BROOKS
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person48" type="surname" value="BROOKS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person48" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person48" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at Grant's lodgings at No. 8. in George's Row, on the day of King Charles's martyrdom, and the two following days, which were Saturday and Sunday, nursing a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290005"/> child; I am positive that Grant was at home those three nights.</p>
<p>I know nothing of this affair; I never saw that man in my life before I saw him at Sir
<persName id="t17780429-1-person49"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person49" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person49" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; I was at home when he was robbed; I am a paper stainer, and live in Maiden Lane, Southwark; I lived in Shoreditch at the time the robbery was committed.</p>
<p>Bright called
<persName id="t17780429-1-person50"> Susannah Barnes
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person50" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person50" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person50" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who swore that the prisoner lodged at her house; and that he was at home on the 31st of January; he likewise called
<persName id="t17780429-1-person51"> Elizabeth Stone
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person51" type="surname" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person51" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person51" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , with whom he had formerly lodged, who gave him a good character; and
<persName id="t17780429-1-person52"> Thomas Lee
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person52" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person52" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who attends at Justice Wilmot's office, who deposed that the prosecutor told him that he was so terrified at the time of the robbery, that he did not know that he should know the men again.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-1-verdict6" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-1-verdict6" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> ACQUITTED </rs>.</p>
<p>*** See the trial of
<persName id="t17780429-1-person53"> Edward Sullens
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person53" type="surname" value="Sullens"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person53" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , No. 233, in last Sessions paper.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-1-person54"> BARON EYRE
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person54" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person54" type="given" value="BARON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-1-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780429-2" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-2-off7-c52" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-2-defend56 t17780429-2-off7 t17780429-2-verdict9"/>
<persName id="t17780429-2-defend56" type="defendantName"> ROBERT HARMAN
<interp inst="t17780429-2-defend56" type="surname" value="HARMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-defend56" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-defend56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-2-off7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 35 s. a steel watch chain, value 6 d. a base metal watch key, value 1 d. and a stone seal set in base metal, value 1 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-2-victim58" type="victimName"> Charles Willis
<interp inst="t17780429-2-victim58" type="surname" value="Willis"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-victim58" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-victim58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-2-off7 t17780429-2-victim58"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">April 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-2-off7 t17780429-2-cd8"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-2-person59"> CHARLES WILLIS
<interp inst="t17780429-2-person59" type="surname" value="WILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-person59" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>When I was going to bed at my lodgings, at about ten at night on the 2d of April, I found the prisoner in my bed; I had never seen him in my life before; and I had received no intimation from the family where I lodged that such a person was there. I was waked at about five in the morning by the prisoner's getting out of bed; as he was going out of the room I thought I heard my watch chain rattle; I got up immediately and pursued the prisoner into the Hay-market, where I overtook him; and found my watch upon him.</p>
<p>[The watch was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>I understood that the prosecutor wanted some money; and I took the watch intending to pawn it for him.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-2-verdict9" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-2-verdict9" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-2-punish10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-2-punish10" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-2-punish10" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-2-defend56 t17780429-2-punish10"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17780429-2-punish11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-2-punish11" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-2-defend56 t17780429-2-punish11"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-3-off12-c55" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-3-defend61 t17780429-3-off12 t17780429-3-verdict14"/>
<persName id="t17780429-3-defend61" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BOLTON
<interp inst="t17780429-3-defend61" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3-defend61" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3-defend61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-3-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-3-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a gold ring set with chrystal and hair, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-3-victim63" type="victimName"> William Channing
<interp inst="t17780429-3-victim63" type="surname" value="Channing"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3-victim63" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-3-victim63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-3-off12 t17780429-3-victim63"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-3-cd13" type="crimeDate">April 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-3-off12 t17780429-3-cd13"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-3-verdict14" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-3-verdict14" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury, before the Common SERJEANT.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-4">
<interp inst="t17780429-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-4-off15-c57" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-defend65 t17780429-4-off15 t17780429-4-verdict19"/>
<persName id="t17780429-4-defend65" type="defendantName"> WALTER TOWNSEND
<interp inst="t17780429-4-defend65" type="surname" value="TOWNSEND"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-defend65" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-defend65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-4-off15" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-4-off15" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-off15" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 4 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-4-victim67" type="victimName"> William Horner
<interp inst="t17780429-4-victim67" type="surname" value="Horner"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-victim67" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-victim67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-off15 t17780429-4-victim67"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-4-cd16" type="crimeDate">March 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-off15 t17780429-4-cd16"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-4-person68"> WILLIAM HORNER
<interp inst="t17780429-4-person68" type="surname" value="HORNER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-person68" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was a
<rs id="t17780429-4-viclabel17" type="occupation">hackney coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-victim67 t17780429-4-viclabel17"/> on the 2d of March when I lost my watch; I took up a fair in Salisbury-street in the Strand, between eleven and twelve at night; I was ordered to
<placeName id="t17780429-4-crimeloc18">the Pantheon in Oxford street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-crimeloc18" type="placeName" value="the Pantheon in Oxford street"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-crimeloc18" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-off15 t17780429-4-crimeloc18"/>; I got off the box to take for the coach hire at the Pantheon; my watch was taken out of my pocket before I could get to the coach door; I saw the prisoner's hands at my breeches pocket; and felt it go out of my pocket; I went to catch hold of his hand; he was too quick for me; he threw his hands behind him, and conveyed it away; I saw it in his hand; I have never recovered it; I seized him immediately; and he was secured.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I asked him why he charged me with it? he said, because I stared him in the face. - I said that, but that was not the only reason.</p>
<p>The watch was not found upon me.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-4-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-4-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Common SERJEANT.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-4-punish20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-4-punish20" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-4-punish20" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-defend65 t17780429-4-punish20"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17780429-4-punish21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-4-punish21" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-4-defend65 t17780429-4-punish21"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-5">
<interp inst="t17780429-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-5-off22-c60" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-defend70 t17780429-5-off22 t17780429-5-verdict26"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290006"/>299.
<persName id="t17780429-5-defend70" type="defendantName"> BENJAMIN MANTLE
<interp inst="t17780429-5-defend70" type="surname" value="MANTLE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-defend70" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-defend70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for
<rs id="t17780429-5-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-5-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing two woollen cloth coats, value 10 s. and two linen waistcoats, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-5-victim72" type="victimName"> Benjamin Foote
<interp inst="t17780429-5-victim72" type="surname" value="Foote"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-victim72" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-victim72" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-off22 t17780429-5-victim72"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-5-cd23" type="crimeDate">February 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-off22 t17780429-5-cd23"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-5-person73"> BENJAMIN FOOTE
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person73" type="surname" value="FOOTE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person73" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780429-5-viclabel24" type="occupation">stage-coach-man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-victim72 t17780429-5-viclabel24"/>. I lost my waistcoat on the 23d of February from my bed room, at
<placeName id="t17780429-5-crimeloc25">the Golden Cross, Charing Cross</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-crimeloc25" type="placeName" value="the Golden Cross, Charing Cross"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-crimeloc25" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-off22 t17780429-5-crimeloc25"/>; and there were a great many other things lost with it, which have not yet been found; the prisoner was seen with my coat and waistcoat on.</p>
<p>- GRIFFIN sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner with the prosecutor's coat on his back.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-5-person74"> WILLIAM HICKS
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person74" type="surname" value="HICKS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person74" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am fellow servant to the prosecutor; I found the prisoner at a public-house in King's Street, Covent Garden; he had the prosecutor's hat on; he went to the bar under pretence of getting a glass of gin, and then he attempted to run away. I took him in the street.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-5-person75"> JOHN HILLS
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person75" type="surname" value="HILLS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person75" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker in Carnaby Street. I took in a waistcoat of the prisoner; he was in company with another man; it was pledged for half a guinea in the name of Frankling. I do not know which of them I gave the money to.</p>
<p>I found the things by a baker's-shop in a coarse apron; I did not pawn them though I was with the man who did.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-5-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-5-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-5-person76"> Baron EYRE
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person76" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person76" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17780429-5-punish27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-5-punish27" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-5-punish27" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-defend70 t17780429-5-punish27"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17780429-5-punish28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-5-punish28" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-5-defend70 t17780429-5-punish28"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-6-off29-c66" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-6-defend78 t17780429-6-off29 t17780429-6-verdict32"/>
<persName id="t17780429-6-defend78" type="defendantName"> ROBERT CROSBY
<interp inst="t17780429-6-defend78" type="surname" value="CROSBY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-defend78" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-defend78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-6-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-6-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a watch, the inside case made of silver, gilt with gold, and the outside metal covered with shagreen, value 40 s. and a cornelian seal, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-6-victim80" type="victimName"> Henry Wayte
<interp inst="t17780429-6-victim80" type="surname" value="Wayte"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-victim80" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-victim80" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-6-off29 t17780429-6-victim80"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-6-cd30" type="crimeDate">March 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-6-off29 t17780429-6-cd30"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-6-person81"> MARGARET WAYTE
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person81" type="surname" value="WAYTE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person81" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person81" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of the prosecutor. On the 21st of March, between eight and nine at night, as I was crossing Norwich Street, I was obstructed by the prisoner and another man; they were looking in at a milliner's window; a woman passing asked them why they stopped the way? they said they were looking at a pretty girl in the shop; I went on to the
<placeName id="t17780429-6-crimeloc31">Hay-market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-crimeloc31" type="placeName" value="Hay-market"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-crimeloc31" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-6-off29 t17780429-6-crimeloc31"/>, there I felt a hand in my right-hand pocket; I then felt in my other pocket, and missed my watch; I found it again in the hands of a pawnbroker, who produced it.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>You advertised the watch as lost? - Yes; because I thought I might, by that means, get it the sooner.</p>
<p>In the market a woman put her hand in your pocket? - I do not know who it was; they were gone when I turned about; then I missed my watch.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-6-person82"> JOHN WOOD
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person82" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person82" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a pawnbroker in Prince's street, Leicesterfields. On the 21st of March the prisoner brought a watch to my house between nine and ten in the evening, he offered it to pawn; I stopt it; he wanted two guineas upon it; I asked him what it was made of; he said it was gold. I asked him the maker's name; he said he could not tell. I asked him whose it was; he said it belonged to an acquaintance of his in Russel Street, Covent Garden, and that he lived but a little way off, and he could soon fetch him. He went away: presently after a woman came and claimed the watch; I detained her, and she would not tell me where the man was who brought the watch; but said, if I would let her go, she would soon bring him. I would not let her go; I went out and saw the prisoner on the other side of the street, and went and secured him; he came quietly to the door, but then attempted to make his escape.</p>
<p>[The watch was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.]</p>
<p>As I was coming by Charing Cross, I met one
<persName id="t17780429-6-person83"> John Hughes
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person83" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person83" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , an acquaintance, who had not seen me since May; we turned back to drink; I then met
<persName id="t17780429-6-person84"> Ann Brown
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person84" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person84" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person84" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and asked her to lend me a guinea; she said she could not; but she had a watch to pawn that she had found; and if it was advertised
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290007"/> she could fetch it out on Monday morning; I went with it to the pawnbroker's, and he stopped it; I went to her and told her; she said she found it and went to the pawnbroker's.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>ANN BROWN sworn.</p>
<p>On the 21st of March I met the prisoner in the Hay-market; I believe it was between eight and nine at night; he asked me to go and drink something; I had been to tea in Swallow Street; we went in and had a glass of something to drink, and he asked me to lend him a guinea.</p>
<p>Where did you go in to drink? - I am unacquainted with that part of the town. He asked me to lend him a guinea; I said I had not got a guinea, but I had picked up a watch in the Hay-market, I would lend him that to raise a guinea on, and if it was advertised I could fetch it out. I afterwards saw the advertisement of it; he went to pawn it, and the pawnbroker stopped it, and he came and told me; I said they had no right to stop the watch I had found, and I went and claimed it, which I would not have done if I had stole it.</p>
<p>Court. What time did you find it? - I believe between eight and nine at night, near Panton Street on the pavement.</p>
<p>Wood. They were examined apart before Sir
<persName id="t17780429-6-person85"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person85" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person85" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one said they met in Long Acre, and the other said they met in the Hay-market; the glass was cracked when he brought it to me.</p>
<p>Court to Brown. Who are you? - I am a widow; I keep a lodging-house in Little-Britain, which I have kept twenty years.</p>
<p>How came you to be at Charing Cross? - I had been drinking tea in Swallow Street with a gentleman from Bristol; I was returning home, and was going to take a coach at Charing Cross.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-6-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-6-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-6-punish33" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-6-punish33" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-6-punish33" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-6-defend78 t17780429-6-punish33"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-7">
<interp inst="t17780429-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-7-off34-c73" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-defend86 t17780429-7-off34 t17780429-7-verdict39"/>
<persName id="t17780429-7-defend86" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS LEWIS , otherwise
<rs id="t17780429-7-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-defend86 t17780429-7-alias-1"/>GRIMISON</rs>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-defend86" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-defend86" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-defend86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-7-off34" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-7-off34" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-off34" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-7-victim89" type="victimName"> Thomas Edmondes
<interp inst="t17780429-7-victim89" type="surname" value="Edmondes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-victim89" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-victim89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-7-viclabel35" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-victim89 t17780429-7-viclabel35"/>. on the
<rs id="t17780429-7-cd36" type="crimeDate">14th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-off34 t17780429-7-cd36"/>, about the hour of one in the night, and stealing a gold ring, set with diamonds, value 40 l. a silver pin, set with a diamond, value 10 l. a silver shirt buckle, set with diamonds, value 10 l. two pair of silver shoe buckles, set with stone, value 5 l. a gold neckcloth slider, value 10 s. 6 d. a silver cream pot, value 20 s. two silver ragoo spoons, value 20 s. a silver marrow spoon, value 10 s. twelve silver tea spoons, value 24 s. two pair of silver sugar tongs, value 20 s. eight silver table spoons, value 40 s. a silver sugar basket, value 40 s. two silver ale-cups, value 6 l. four silver scewers, value 20 s. a silver strainer, value 15 s. a silver strainer spoon, value 5 s. a silver fork, value 10 s. a cork-screw with a silver handle, value 5 s. a silver tea-pot, value 5 l. a cane with a gold head, value 20 s. a silver tea tray, value 50 l. a silver salver, value 10 l. two silver waiters, value 10 l. a pair of silver candlesticks, value 10 l. a silver sauce-boat, value 50 s. two silver salts, value 20 s. a silver mustard castor, value 35 s. a silver mustard spoon, value 5 s. a silver bread basket, value 10 l. two woollen cloth coats, value 3 l. 2 woollen cloth waistcoats, value 20 s. two pair of woollen cloth breeches, value 20 s. eleven pair of silk stockings, value 50 s. a woollen cloth coat, with gold-lace thereon, value 20 s. a woollen cloth waistcoat, with gold-lace thereon, value 20 s. a pair of woollen cloth breeches, value 10 s. and a gilt sword knot, value 20 s. the property of the said
<persName id="t17780429-7-person90"> Thomas Edmondes
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person90" type="surname" value="Edmondes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person90" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his dwelling house; and that afterwards, to wit, on the same day and hour he burglariously did break the said dwelling-house, to get out of the same against the statute </rs>.</p>
<p>2d Count. For the said burglary; and stealing part of the same goods in the said dwelling house, laying them to be the property of the Right Hon. the
<rs id="t17780429-7-viclabel37" type="occupation">Earl of Peterborough and Monmouth</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-victim92 t17780429-7-viclabel37"/>; and the Rt. Hon. Lord
<persName id="t17780429-7-victim92" type="victimName"> George Germaine
<interp inst="t17780429-7-victim92" type="surname" value="Germaine"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-victim92" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-victim92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>3d Count. The same as the first, for stealing part of the same goods in the said dwelling house; laying them to be the property of
<persName id="t17780429-7-person93"> Thomas Edmondes
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person93" type="surname" value="Edmondes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person93" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq;</p>
<p>4th Count. For stealing the same goods in the said dwelling house; laying them to be the property of the Right Hon. the Earl of Peterborough and Monmouth, and the Right Hon. Lord
<persName id="t17780429-7-person94"> George Germaine
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person94" type="surname" value="Germaine"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person94" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17780429-7-person95"> MARY GILES
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person95" type="surname" value="GILES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person95" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person95" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am cook to Mr. Edmondes; the prisoner
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290008"/> was hired into the family on the 21st of January as
<rs id="t17780429-7-deflabel38" type="occupation">butler and master's man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-defend86 t17780429-7-deflabel38"/>.</p>
<p>Do you remember, whether on the 14th of March Mr. Edmondes was out of town? - He was out of town; the prisoner was the only man servant then in the house; my master had discharged the footman on the 1st of March; there was the prisoner, three maids, and Mrs. Edmondes left in the house; the prisoner asked to go out in the evening to see his wife; he returned with my mistress about ten o'clock; I went up to warm my mistress's bed; when I came down it wanted about ten minutes of one; I fastened the fore area door; I barred and bolted it; it is a half sash door; there are shutters over the sash, and a bar goes across; the prisoner laid in the Butler's pantry, on the same floor; I went to bed and left him up in the kitchen. At about half after three the watchman knocked at the door; the other maid went down, and I went down after her; I was not down till they had untied the prisoner.</p>
<p>What is the name of the servant that went down first? -
<persName id="t17780429-7-person96"> Constantia Jones
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person96" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person96" type="given" value="Constantia"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>From the prisoner. She said she did not recollect whether the door was barred. - I did not positively recollect whether I bolted the bottom bolt; but I am sure I fastened the shutters.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-7-person97"> JOHN WADDING
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person97" type="surname" value="WADDING"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person97" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a watchman; my box is in Queen-street; not ten yards as I imagine from Mr. Edmondes's house. At three o'clock I heard a pistol discharged in Mr. Edmondes's house; I turned back and rattled with my stick against the iron bars of the area where the prisoner lay, and knocked at the door; but there was no answer made; I stood there a few minutes, and then went and cried the hour; when I returned I leaned over the rails, but could hear no noise nor disturbance at all; at half past three, going my rounds, when I had got some few yards from the door; I heard the prisoner cry out; O Lord I shall be dead; I called out what is the matter; why do not you open the door; he said there were rogues, villains in the house; and he should be dead; I said why do not you open the door; he said he could not, that he was tied; I knocked hard at the door; and the maid servant came down with only her under petticoat on, and that untied; I asked her to show me the way into the kitchen where the prisoner lay; I went down and found him tied with a cord round his legs; and a garter tied loosely round his hands, and one end tied to the cord that was round his legs; I untied the cord, but cut the garter.</p>
<p>Did you observe the pistol? - I cannot say I did; he said three villains had been in the house, and robbed the house; and he was afraid his lady was killed; he said they came in at the area over the rails.</p>
<p>Repeat as particularly as you remember the description that he gave of the manner they came in; and what they did? - He told me that on the first man's entering his room, he discharged a pistol at him; we searched, but could find no dent of any ball in the wall.</p>
<p>What other particulars did he give you? - I cannot recollect any other particulars. We went up stairs and searched every room in the house; there were a great many clothes thrown about the dining room; on the terrass wall, on the outside of the house, there was a gold laced waistcoat.</p>
<p>Was the window of that room open? - Yes, in the inside.</p>
<p>Did you observe any plate missing at that time? - There was some plate, some trifling things dropped in different places.</p>
<p>Did the servants make any observation that a quantity of plate had been taken? - No, they did not.</p>
<p>Were the places where the things were dropped in the inside or outside of the house? - Inside.</p>
<p>The clothes were dropped on the terrass as if they were dropped as they were going into the park? - Yes.</p>
<p>From the prisoner. Did I say any thing to you, how the thieves came in? - Yes; you did.</p>
<p>Court. Were his hands tied in such a way that he could get them out without any trouble? - Very easily; I cut the garter in my hurry.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-7-person98"> CONSTANTIA JONES
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person98" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person98" type="given" value="CONSTANTIA"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person98" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I heard the noise of the watchman; and came down about a quarter after three; I followed the watchman down to the Butler's
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290009"/> room; and found the prisoner tied in his bed, with both his hands tied to his ancles.</p>
<p>Did you observe how they were tied, whether tight or loose? - I was so frightened, I did not observe.</p>
<p>Did he give any account to you and the watchman in what manner the house was broke open? - I do not remember that he said how the house was broke open; but he described three men that he said had broke into the house; he said there were three men came in; that the age of two of them was from thirty to six and thirty; and the other from twenty to four and twenty; that they had great coats on, and flapped hats; that one held a knife to him, and stood over him all the time; while the other two robbed my mistress.</p>
<p>When you came down stairs, how did you observe the area door? - I did not observe the door; I saw the shutter open; I was not the first that came to the door; the plate which was kept in his room in the closet with two folding doors was gone; the prisoner said he believed they had taken all the plate in general; but I found a spoon on the stairs and some trifling things.</p>
<p>From what place did he say they had taken it? - From out of the place where it was kept; I looked in the closet, and it was all gone.</p>
<p>From the prisoner. As I was tied, whether she did not see the marks of the string in my legs and hands? - I believe I did on his legs, but none on his hands.</p>
<p>To the watchman. Did you observe the mark? - Yes, upon his legs, but none upon his hands.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-7-person99"> MARY ROBSON
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person99" type="surname" value="ROBSON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person99" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person99" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Mr. Edmondes's; I came down after the house-maid to see the situation of the house.</p>
<p>Did you make any observation on the area door? - Some time after I was in the room. I was so alarmed with the thieves being in the house, and his hands being tied. I said I would go and see how they came in; he said three men came in; and he fired a pistol at one, and then they tied his hands and legs; and asked where his mistress's jewels were; and where his mistress lay; that then they took the plate out of the closet. I went and looked at the area door, and saw there was a pane of glass broke; and the bar taken down; and the door carelesly put to; it was neither shut nor open; I asked how they came in; he said, I thought at first it was you, when they came to my door; he said, the plate was all carried away; that they insisted on having the key; and he gave it to them out of his coat; that they doubled a silver tea board together, and tied it up in a table cloth, and carried it away. I went up stairs into the dining room; the house-maid found a silver sauce spoon dropped on the stairs, and some wearing apparel of little value strewed on the dining room floor; the shutter was half shut; and the door not latched that goes on the terrass; there was a waistcoat and pair of breeches of my master's on the terrass; I then went to my mistress.</p>
<p>From the prisoner. Was the window broke on the outside or the inside? - I cannot say how it was broke, but the glass was in the area.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-7-person100"> JOHN CLARKE
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person100" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person100" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you remember the prisoner being before Sir
<persName id="t17780429-7-person101"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person101" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person101" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and making a charge against some persons for having robbed his master? - I do.</p>
<p>Do you remember the description he gave of the offenders? - I was not there when he gave the description; I came in afterwards; there were three persons taken up under his description, that were discharged because he said they were not the men he described.</p>
<p>Did you go to see how this burglary had been committed? - I did on Sunday morning the 15th; after hearing that Colonel
<persName id="t17780429-7-person102"> Edmondes
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person102" type="given" value="Edmondes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person102" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 's house was broke open, it struck me that it must be done by somebody in the house; I went and saw the prisoner sitting by the fire, seemingly in very great pain, for he had two marks as if cut with a knife; I took him to the area with me, and on the outside there was a brick on which they were supposed to have stepped, which was a little broke. I got the cook to put the shutters up the same as they were on the night of the robbery; she did; and I asked if it was bolted or barred; she said both. I asked her if she would swear before a justice it was bolted and barred; she said she would not swear she bolted it, but she would swear that
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290010"/> she barred it. The bar was a little broke; it went into a tenter-hook, which must have been wrenched had it been forced open; there was a pane of glass broke, and on the inside a cobweb, which must have been broke had any body got in there, and the tenter-hook was not forced, upon which I was sure it must have been done by somebody in the inside. I examined the door, and found that what force had been used, had been on the inside, and none on the outside; the box that receives the bolt was broke on the inside, but not on the outside. I told my suspicions to the major; and then I told Mrs. Edmondes I was sure it was somebody in the house; she was unwilling to admit any suspicion against the prisoner. I took her and shewed her the place, and asked her if she had given the prisoner leave to go out that night; she said yes, she gave him leave to go and see his wife. I said, is he married? she said yes; I said depend on it then the things are at his wife's. I got a direction from the Major and gave it to Jealous and another person, and they went and searched his wife's lodging, and there they found the things. I then told him there was enough to injure his liberty, and begged he would tell me where the rest of the plate was, that there might be no imputation on any of the servants; he said, if I would not take him to his mistress, he would tell me where the rest of the plate was; he said, he had thrown it into the cistern at his master's house. I went there and found it in the cistern; I was obliged to get a ladder to get at it, it is behind the area door, where he said they got in. I believe it is nine feet and a half from the ground, and a yard and a half deep. I found in the cistern, among some other plate, the large waiter bent double; it is in court.</p>
<p>Did you make any promises to him to induce him to tell you where the plate was? - No; God forbid that I should.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I beg you will describe how that cobweb is situated by the window? - I examined the glass of the window; the cobweb was so across the glass, that it was impossible to get in without breaking it.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-7-person103"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person103" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person103" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an officer at Sir
<persName id="t17780429-7-person104"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person104" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person104" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-7-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. On Sunday about twelve o'clock I received a direction from the Major to go to the lodgings of the prisoner's wife, at a grocer's in Goswell Street; I went according to the direction; they said there had been such a person lodged there, but was gone away, and the people of the house said there was a dustman in the neighbourhood who knew where they had carried the goods to; I desired the dustman might be found; he was, and he took me to Holywell Street, in Clare-market, there we found the prisoner's wife; we searched the room, and found a large trunk with a quantity of plate and clothes in it; I have an inventory of the things; there was a silver tea pot, and two silver cups; I took the woman into custody; the prisoner said when they were before Sir John, that she was his wife, and that those were his lodgings; that he took the lodging himself.</p>
<p>Did you describe the street and place to him? - Yes, and he said it was his lodging.</p>
<p>[A large quantity of plate was produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>I know nothing about what was found at my wife's; I was not with my wife that day; I did not go out of the house that day; I had not seen my wife for eight days before.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-7-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-7-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY, on the 3d Count, of stealing the goods in the dwelling house </rs>.
<rs id="t17780429-7-punish40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-7-punish40" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-7-defend86 t17780429-7-punish40"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780429-8-defend105" type="defendantName"> JOHN HOWSE , otherwise
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<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-8-defend105 t17780429-8-alias-2"/>DUST</rs>
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<interp inst="t17780429-8-defend105" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-defend105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for the
<rs id="t17780429-8-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-8-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of
<persName id="t17780429-8-victim107" type="victimName"> Margaret Lane
<interp inst="t17780429-8-victim107" type="surname" value="Lane"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-victim107" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-victim107" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-8-off41 t17780429-8-victim107"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-8-viclabel42" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-8-victim107 t17780429-8-viclabel42"/>, by giving her, on the
<rs id="t17780429-8-cd43" type="crimeDate">22d of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-8-off41 t17780429-8-cd43"/>, with an iron three-prong dung fork, a mortal wound, of the depth of two inches, and the length of one inch, of which mortal wound she languished from the said 22d of February until the 23d of the said month, and then died </rs>.</p>
<p>He likewise stood charged on the coroner's inquisition with the said murder.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290011"/>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person108"> RICHARD DAVY
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person108" type="surname" value="DAVY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person108" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Sunday the 22d of February last, I was in company with the prisoner, the deceased, Knapp and Middleton, and several others, at the Swan-alehouse, the corner of Downing Street, near Hyde-Park corner: the prisoner asked the deceased to go home, and he and the deceased went out together, for they used to cohabit together; they had both been drinking, but I did not observe that either of them were in liquor; they went to
<persName id="t17780429-8-person109"> William Warren
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person109" type="surname" value="Warren"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person109" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Stables, in
<placeName id="t17780429-8-crimeloc44">Collins's Court</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-crimeloc44" type="placeName" value="Collins's Court"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-crimeloc44" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-8-off41 t17780429-8-crimeloc44"/>; where many people frequently lie. They appeared to be in friendship when they went out, and she was as willing to go home as he was to have her: we staid there about a quarter of an hour longer, and then Elizabeth Miller came in to us, and said for God's sake come and help, for
<persName id="t17780429-8-person110"> John Howse
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person110" type="surname" value="Howse"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person110" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is beating Margaret-Lane; we all went out of the house, and went towards the stable, and I heard Margaret Lane cry out; I was very sure it was her voice, as I knew her voice very well; I stood in a little alley close by, and heard it very plainly; all that I heard was a very horid dismal shriek; I believe, but I cannot say positively, that it sounded like a cry of murder.
<persName id="t17780429-8-person111"> Elizabeth Knapp
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person111" type="surname" value="Knapp"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person111" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person111" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> then went into her room and fetched down a candle, and I went towards the stable: Freeman got the candle up into the lost, and then he either went down, or else he gave the candle down into the stable, and I looked through the vacancy at the door, for the door had a loose kind of staple to it, so that the door might be moved backwards and forwards, and might be pushed to above an inch vacancy; I looked through that vacancy of the door, and saw Margaret Lane lying in the stable upon her back very bloody, and the prisoner standing up by her with a light in his hand; I saw the prisoner list her up and lay her down again; and I heard him say that she was drunk, and had been spewing over him. I never heard the deceased speak after she made that dismal scream; we dispersed from the door, and in about ten minutes after, as I was going up to my uncle's room, which is facing the stable-door; I heard the prisoner cry out, that her brains were out. I heard Freeman call out of the lost to the prisoner,
<persName id="t17780429-8-person112"> Jack Dust
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person112" type="surname" value="Dust"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person112" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , what is that you say? Freeman repeated that question three or four times, but
<persName id="t17780429-8-person113"> Jack Dust
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person113" type="surname" value="Dust"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person113" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner, gave him no answer. I called
<persName id="t17780429-8-person114"> Elizabeth Knapp
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person114" type="surname" value="Knapp"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person114" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person114" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> up for a candle; she brought one; then we went to the stable door; I said I would get a hammer and break open the door if he would not open it; he said there was no occasion for that, but handed a three prong-fork over to Freeman to wrench the door open: having wrenched open the door, we all went in; I saw the deceased lying upon her back with a sack over her, and I believe a hat put over her face; I believe she was alive at that time, but could neither speak nor move, for she did not; her head was very bloody at that time;
<persName id="t17780429-8-person115"> Mary Owen
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person115" type="surname" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person115" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , I believe, cut off her hair; I saw a bit of a hole on the right side of the back part of her head, about as big as the top of my little finger; I saw some white matter, which I thought were brains, coming out at that hole; the prisoner said very little; but only, that as he was taking her out of the lost she fell backwards against a tub or the stones, I cannot be positive which; I believe there was a tub standing there; they washed her face while I was there; the prisoner said, if she should die he would not go away for it; then they took her into Knapp's room; I went to bed and saw no more; she lay at the distance of about two horse stalls off from the steps.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person116"> WILLIAM EASLY
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person116" type="surname" value="EASLY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person116" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lodged in Collins's court in this hay-loft. Freeman lifted me into the lost; and then he came up himself; I heard the deceased stand upon the tub; the prisoner said you b - h come off the tub: she wanted to get up into the lost; he would make her lie in the stable; the steps were broke; the use of the tub was to assist to go up into the lost; soon after this, I heard her cry out; my dear Jack Dust don't kill me, my dear don't kill me, and I will' lie down where you please. I heard the door rattle and shake monstrously; Freeman went down into the stable;
<persName id="t17780429-8-person117"> Thomas Turner
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person117" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person117" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> gave him a light, then Freeman came up again; after that the prisoner called to Freeman to come down again, for he believed her brains were out; he said she had blown out the candle, by the breath of her nose; then Freeman and I went down, I was almost the last that went in; but when I came, the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290012"/> door was opened, and Davy was standing there; Davy had threatened to fetch the watchman, if he did not open the door; I saw the deceased lie on the straw; her head was very bloody, she did not speak or move; the prisoner said that he went to lift her off the tub and she sell over his shoulder; he would not let the woman cut off her hair, but did it himself; the wound was a very little one; the prisoner said that he beat her; and Davy said to him, you could not beat her so with your fist, you must have done it with the fork; he answered no he did not touch her with the fork; but had beat her with his fist, and the butt end of a whip, which he said he had in his hand; she was in the place of the third stall.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person118"> WILLIAM FREEMAN
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person118" type="surname" value="FREEMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person118" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lay in Mr. Warren's stables. On Sunday the 22d of February; as I was passing by at about eleven o'clock at night, I was told that
<persName id="t17780429-8-person119"> Jack Dust
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person119" type="surname" value="Dust"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person119" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was beating the girl; I went there and said what are you doing, why are you beating the girl so? he made no answer at all; afterwards I heard her say, dear Jack Dust do not; before he went to the door, I lifted Easly and another man up into the lost, and then got up myself; I heard nothing pass; but finding a total silence, I got down and stood upon the tub, and asked him what he was doing; the prisoner made no answer, I then got a light from Turner, and went down into the stable to see what was the matter; I saw the deceased lie on her back in the straw; her head was wet with blood or water; I cannot tell which, for she had no cap on; and as her hair was black I could not distinguish by the colour, whether it was blood or water; she began to reach; I bid him turn her on one side, which he did, and she vomited; I saw a couple of sacks lie over her; I was getting up into the lost again, and
<persName id="t17780429-8-person120"> Thomas Turner
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person120" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person120" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> met me in the lost; Turner went down and I followed him; Turner took down the light, and left it with
<persName id="t17780429-8-person121"> John Howse
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person121" type="surname" value="Howse"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person121" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for I had brought the light up again;
<persName id="t17780429-8-person122"> Thomas Turner
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person122" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person122" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> took up the dung fork, and said, Jack, you have not been hitting her with this? he made answer, no,
<persName id="t17780429-8-person123"> Thomas Turner
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person123" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person123" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : the light went out, and the prisoner said it was put out with the blowing at her nostrils, when he put the light to her to see how she did. I got a second light, and he called out to me, O! Bill, I believe her brains are out; upon which I said several times, what is that you say? to which he made no answer; I then got down and helped to break open the door, and then all the people came in; we saw the deceased lying in the middle of the stable; the women carried her to the hospital afterwards; and she died the next morning; I talked with Howse about it early in the morning; he said that they were both in liquor; that he went to lift her off the tub, and they sell down together; and that she hurt herself against a flint stone, by falling over his shoulder. After that I told him she was dead! he fetched a sigh and said, Lord Jesus Christ what have I done; I must suffer for it: but I was wrong informed, for she was not then dead.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person124"> SOPHIA HOLLOWAY
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person124" type="surname" value="HOLLOWAY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person124" type="given" value="SOPHIA"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Collins's Court; I was waked out of my sleep with a great noise; I plainly-heard the deceased's voice in the stable, which is very near my house, crying out, pray dear Jack, don't kill me! pray Jack, don't kill me! This was repeated several times; at last I heard a great shriek and a groan; and then I heard no more; I did not go down to assist her, because I was ill in bed with a fore leg.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person125"> ELIZABETH FERRIS
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person125" type="surname" value="FERRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person125" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person125" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Collins's Court; I was in bed at the time I heard the deceased cry out, for God's sake, dear Jack Dust, don't kill me! she repeated this twice; and I heard several screams afterwards; I heard several violent blows given; I got up and looked out at my window, which is opposite, and heard Howse call to Davy to bring a candle; for he believed her brains were out; and his expression was this, blast her bloody eyes, I believe her bloody brains are out. He bid Freeman break the door open, and let in the whores to see how she lay in the straw. Upon opening my window, I heard the nature of the dispute before I heard any blows, I was so near the stable; I found she wanted to go up into the lost, and he wanted her to stay below; and while they were struggling about that, I heard many blows given.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person126"> MARGARET MILLER
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person126" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person126" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person126" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>As I was passing by the stable, I heard
<persName id="t17780429-8-person127"> Jack Dust
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person127" type="surname" value="Dust"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person127" type="given" value="Jack"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> beating Margaret Lane, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290013"/> particularly kicking her as it appeared to me with his feet; she said, dear Jack, don't kill me; dear Jack don't kill me; and I will do so no more; and he said, you bloody whore, you get money of me and go to other fellows: upon hearing this, and apprehending she was in danger; I went to the Swan and alarmed the people there; because he frequently used to beat her, and the people often came from the Swan and kept him from so doing; and I went in hopes they would do so now. Afterwards I heard her scream. I was there when the door was broke open; I helped to cut off her hair; she was lying senseless and could not speak.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person128"> MARY SAYER
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person128" type="surname" value="SAYER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person128" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person128" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>While I was in my yard, which adjoins to the stable, at about eleven o'clock, I heard a great scream; I did not hear either the deceased or the prisoner say any thing; I only heard what the others said to him; I heard Freeman say, he might be ashamed of himself, for he had beat her head till it was as big as a horse's head; and he ought to be served so himself; I did not hear the prisoner make any answer to that, for he was below where the horses were.</p>
<p>To Davy. Do you recollect what the expression was that the prisoner made use of at the time, he said her brains were out? - I believe it was, blast her bloody eyes, her brains are out! or something of that kind; I said I thought it was not done with a blow of the fist.</p>
<p>Do you remember any thing being said in your presence by Freeman to the prisoner, about the deceased's head being swelled as big as a horse's head? - I don't remember any thing of that.</p>
<p>To Freeman. Do you recollect the words which the prisoner made use of when he said the deceased's brains were out? - He said for Christ's sake,
<persName id="t17780429-8-person129"> Bill Freeman
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person129" type="surname" value="Freeman"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person129" type="given" value="Bill"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , some of her brains are coming out!</p>
<p>Did you hear him say any thing to Davy? - No.</p>
<p>When you came first to the prisoner and saw the condition in which the woman lay; what did you say to him about the swelling of her head? - I am sure I did not say any thing to him about the swelling of her head.</p>
<p>How long have you been acquainted with the prisoner? - From a child; and he has known me from a child.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person130"> Mary Sayer
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person130" type="surname" value="Sayer"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person130" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . You said you heard Freeman say to the prisoner, that he might be ashamed of himself, for he had beat her head, till it was as big as a horse's head; and he deserved to be served so himself? - He did say so.</p>
<p>Freeman. I never said such a word; I said, you are a bloody rogue for using the girl so; you are no man at all.</p>
<p>How was she used then? - She was lying on her back as I said before.</p>
<p>But you said before in your evidence that you saw no marks of violence upon her? - I saw her lying and her hair wet with blood.</p>
<p>But you say you did not say any thing about her head being swelled? - I did not.</p>
<p>Court. What do you say to that
<persName id="t17780429-8-person131"> Mary Sayer
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person131" type="surname" value="Sayer"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person131" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person131" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person132"> Mary Sayer
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person132" type="surname" value="Sayer"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person132" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am sure it was said by one of them.</p>
<p>To Freeman. When the prisoner bid you break open the door, what was the expression he made use of? Did he say any thing about letting the whores in to see how she lay? - When he put out the fork to me, he bid me take care of myself; he said open the door and let them in at once.</p>
<p>Did he make use of the expression, let the whores in? - He might say so, but I did not hear it.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person133"> MARY OWEN
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person133" type="surname" value="OWEN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person133" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person133" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>As I was coming home at about eleven at night, I saw them breaking the stable door open; I went in to see what was the matter; I saw the deceased lying upon the straw; he had covered her over with the sacks. I asked what he had done? he said, he had been beating her. I helped to cut her hair off and helped to carry her to the hospital. I asked the prisoner how it was done: he said he had been beating her with the fork, and he believed she had run her head against it.</p>
<p>Who was present when that was said? - I cannot tell particularly, but I know that
<persName id="t17780429-8-person134"> Margaret Miller
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person134" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person134" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person134" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780429-8-person135"> William Middleton
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person135" type="surname" value="Middleton"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person135" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were by at that time.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person136"> Margaret Miller
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person136" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person136" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Was you present when there was any acknowledgment made by the prisoner about his beating the deceased with a fork? - No.</p>
<p>To Owen. You said that
<persName id="t17780429-8-person137"> Margaret Miller
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290014"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person137" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person137" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was present? - I am sure she was by when he said that, but I cannot tell whether she might hear it.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person138"> WILLIAM MIDDLETON
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person138" type="surname" value="MIDDLETON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person138" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Margaret Lane and the prisoner were drinking along with me from about a quarter after eight, till about a quarter after ten. The deceased wanted to go along with Howse; they went out together; I staid in the house for about half an hour, when
<persName id="t17780429-8-person139"> Margaret Miller
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person139" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person139" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person139" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came and said, for God's sake come out, for
<persName id="t17780429-8-person140"> John Howse
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person140" type="surname" value="Howse"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person140" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is murthering Margaret Lane. I went to the stables; I heard them having some words together; I immediately got a light and got up into the lost; I put my head through the hole, and saw Margaret Lane lying in her gore with a sack over her.</p>
<p>Did you hear the prisoner say any thing about a dung fork? - I heard him say he never struck her at all with the fork.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person141"> Mary Owen
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person141" type="surname" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person141" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person141" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . You said Middleton was by when the prisoner said, he had been beating her with a fork, and he believed she had run her head against it; you see Middleton denies it?</p>
<p>Owen. I stick to what I said, they were both by, whether they heard it or not.</p>
<p>Middleton. The prisoner said while
<persName id="t17780429-8-person142"> Mary Owen
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person142" type="surname" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person142" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person142" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was by, that he never struck her with the fork.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person143"> ELIZABETH KNAPP
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person143" type="surname" value="KNAPP"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person143" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person143" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in Collins's Court; Margaret Lane lodged with me; I had been drinking with her the night that this happened; we had two or three pots of beer together; the prisoner and the deceased went out seemingly very agreeably together.</p>
<p>Were they sober? - They had been drinking; I heard nothing more till
<persName id="t17780429-8-person144"> Margaret Miller
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person144" type="surname" value="Miller"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person144" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came in, and said that
<persName id="t17780429-8-person145"> John Dust
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person145" type="surname" value="Dust"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person145" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was murthering Peg Lane: we went down the court directly, but we could not hear any noise at all; upon which we went to our own lodgings, and then I heard the deceased make a great shriek; we went to the stable; the prisoner would not open the door to us.</p>
<p>Did you hear the prisoner make use of any expressions? - I heard him d - n his eyes!</p>
<p>Did you hear him say any thing more about her? - Not till he put the fork through the place to break open the door; then the prisoner said, here take the fork and let the bloody mares come in and see whether she is dead or not. When the stable door was broke open, she lay in her gore; we washed her and her brains were boiling out of her head like the scum of a pot.</p>
<p>Did you hear him say any thing with respect to the manner of her death? - I heard him say that night in the stable, that she sell off the tub.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person146"> THOMAS PRICKARD
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person146" type="surname" value="PRICKARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person146" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are the coroner who held the inquisition upon the body of the deceased? - I am.</p>
<p>Is Mr. Hunter the surgeon here? - No; he is appointed surgeon to a man of war, and is gone abroad; he told me before he went, that Mr. Hawkins, one of the surgeons to the hospital, had examined the wound: Mr. Hawkins was subpaened to attend before the Grand Jury at Hicks's-Hall, as I understand by the father of the deceased; but Mr. Hawkins did not attend.</p>
<p>Court. Mr. Hawkins, not Mr. Caesar Hawkins? - No, Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-8-person147"> Charles Hawkins
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person147" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person147" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , his son. I called upon Mr. Hawkins, and told him that this court would require his attendance here. Mr. Hawkins said it was not his business to attend, but the business of the house surgeon, who always attended upon these occasions.</p>
<p>You saw the head of the deceased I suppose when you held your inquisition? - I did.</p>
<p>What did you observe? - A small wound; the scull was fractured.</p>
<p>Did it appear as if broke with a sharp or a blunt instrument? - It appeared to me to have been done with a sharp instrument.</p>
<p>The prisoner has declared that the wound was occasioned by the deceased's falling upon a sharp flint; was it such a wound as might be occasioned by falling upon a sharp flint? - I cannot say; the skull was violently factured, and was quite open, so that the brain came out.</p>
<p>Did the wound run length-ways or round? - Round, about as big as a shilling I should suppose.</p>
<p>I was drinking with Margaret Lane; she
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290015"/> was a girl I had lived with between three and four years; she wanted to go up into the hay loft to lie; I listed her up into the hay loft, there was neither hay nor straw there; I would make her go down, because there was clean straw in the stable, and two sacks; she was not agreeable to go down into the stable, because if my master should come in the morning and should see her, she was afraid that it would come to my wife's ears, because she had got a warrant for her before to send her to Bridewell for cohabiting with me. I said she should come down, and hit her several times with my open hand: she said, pray don't lick me, pray don't lick me, and I will go down. I listed her then upon the butt, there is another butt near it; she over swayed me, and I fell with my knees in the other tub, and dashed her down with her head upon the stones with all my weight upon her; she cried out, O Lord! I helped her up, and she never spoke afterwards. I had been beating her in the lost; they heard her; I was taking her into the stable when they went to call the people at the alehouse; they listed her on the straw;
<persName id="t17780429-8-person148"> Richard Davy
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<interp inst="t17780429-8-person148" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to the door, and asked what was the matter; I made answer, nothing; but she and I had had some words, and I had let her fall; Davy said, we will break the door open; I said, no, I believed she was very well. She spewed all over me; I asked Turner for a light, he said, he would not give a light for fear we should burn the stable; for a stable in the neighbourhood had been lately set on fire. I found her head wet; I said, Freeman bring a light; a light was brought me by him or Turner. Freeman got up into the loft again; I was looking to see whether her head was cut; the wick of the candle was but a little bit, the tallow was broke off the wick, and it slipt through my fingers and went out; and upon that I called out to Freeman, for God's sake come in with a light, for I believe her brains are out!</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person149"> William Easly
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person149" type="surname" value="Easly"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person149" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . When you was examined last, you declared, that you heard
<persName id="t17780429-8-person150"> John Howse
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person150" type="surname" value="Howse"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person150" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> below in the stable, and the deceased say she would not go off the tub? - Yes.</p>
<p>When he called afterwards to Freeman to desire him to bring a light; what expressions did he make use of? -
<persName id="t17780429-8-person151"> John Howse
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person151" type="surname" value="Howse"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person151" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> made answer for Christ's sake,
<persName id="t17780429-8-person152"> Bill Freeman
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person152" type="surname" value="Freeman"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person152" type="given" value="Bill"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , get up; for my revenge is all over; and I verily believe some of her brains are out.</p>
<p>Why did not you mention that before; who has been desiring you not to tell these things? - Nobody.</p>
<p>Court. How came you not to tell me that, when I examined you before; you behaved very wrong?</p>
<p>To Freeman. When the prisoner called to you to come down with the light, what expressions did he make use of; did he say any thing about his revenge being over? - No.</p>
<p>Are you sure of that? - Yes.</p>
<p>Mention the words he did use? - He halloed out to me; and said that her brains were out.</p>
<p>Easly has now sworn, and he said so too before the Coroner; that the prisoner said, for God's sake,
<persName id="t17780429-8-person153"> Bill Freeman
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person153" type="surname" value="Freeman"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person153" type="given" value="Bill"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , come down; for my revenge is over; and I believe her brains are out! - He did not speak any thing about his revenge; only said some of her brains were out.</p>
<p>From the prisoner to Mr. Prickard the Coroner. Whether the Surgeon had dressed her before you saw her? - I saw her at the Hospital; I believe she had been dressed.</p>
<p>From the prisoner. Whether the appearance of the wound might not be altered by the dressing? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>From the prisoner. Was the scalp taken off? - I don't recollect.</p>
<p>Court. Had the head been opened, the skull sawed to see if there was any confusion on the inside? - I think it was not; I think it had not been opened; it was not opened in my presence.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-8-person154"> Margaret Miller
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<interp inst="t17780429-8-person154" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-8-person154" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Did you hear him say any thing to her when she said, dear Jack don't beat me so? - He said, you bloody where, you come and get money of me; and go to other fellows.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-8-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-8-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.
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<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. JUSTICE BLACKSTONE.</p>
<p>The prisoner immediately received sentence. (This being Friday) to be executed at Tyburn on the Monday following; and his body to be afterwards dissected and anatomized, which sentence was executed upon him accordingly.</p> </div1>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290016"/>303, 304.
<persName id="t17780429-9-defend155" type="defendantName"> ABR. HYAMS
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<interp inst="t17780429-9-defend157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted; for that they
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<interp inst="t17780429-9-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> in a certain field and open place, near the king's highway, in and upon Elizabeth, the wife of
<persName id="t17780429-9-victim159" type="victimName"> William Bibbins
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<interp inst="t17780429-9-victim159" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-victim159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; feloneously did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life; and taking from her person and against her will, 7 s. and 4 d. in monies, numbered; the property of the said William </rs>,
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<persName id="t17780429-9-victim161" type="victimName"> ELIZABETH BIBBINS
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<p>I was stopped on the highway by two men, as I was going home from the tabernacle; they demanded my money; I gave them 7 s. and 4 d. and a thimble; they said they thought the thimble which I had given them was of no value to them; they behaved civil; Saul said, I need not be frightened, they would do me no harm; and he pointed the pistol up to the sky; the other man behind said, is here all; and put his hands to my coats, and shook my pockets; there was room to hear if any thing would gingle. I followed them, it being my way home; but I was not over solicitous to follow them quick, not wishing for more of their company. I was desired afterwards to go to the office in Litchfield street; there I saw the prisoners; as soon as I saw them I challenged them; I am sure Saul is one of the men; I am not certain to Hyams; the evening was tolerably light; there was a moon of a week old; and I had an opportunity to observe Saul's face; and therefore I can swear positively to his person.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-9-person162"> MATTHEW ROBINSON
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<interp inst="t17780429-9-person162" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live very near the prosecutor in Hoxton fields; I can be of little utility for or against the prisoner; only the lady said she was robbed of either 7 s. & 3 d. or 7 s. and 4 d.</p>
<p>Was you at the tabernacle with her? - Yes; and came home a little before her.</p>
<p>What time did she complain to you of it? - I saw her the next day; I know nothing of the robbery.</p>
<p>You did not see either of the men on the road that night? - It was moon light, but the moon was intercepted.</p>
<p>But did you see either of these men that night upon the road? - I could not swear to them, but I have seen them before.</p>
<p>DENNIS Mc DONALD sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable; one Rogers confined in the Savoy Gaol sent up to the office that he could inform us of some robberies in Hoxton fields; I know nothing of the matter, but taking up the prisoners, and bringing them before the justice.</p>
<p>To the prosecutrix. What kind of a night was it? - So light that I could clearly discern them; the moon was about a week old.</p>
<p>Was any lamp near? - It was but a few yards to a lamp.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-9-person163"> JAMES HIDE
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person163" type="surname" value="HIDE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person163" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at the taking of the prisoners. Saul desired to go with me; Saul acknowledged that Hyams was innocent of the fact; that he and another prisoner, who is since dead, were guilty of the robbery; he likewise mentioned it before
<persName id="t17780429-9-person164"> Charles Grubb
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person164" type="surname" value="Grubb"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person164" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>How came he to mention it? - His sister was by; and he mentioned it before her, as well as us.</p>
<p>HYAM's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am quite innocent of it; I was a bed at my mother's at the time.</p>
<p>SAUL's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>This man I declare is quite innocent. I have nothing to say in my own defence; my witnesses are not here.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-9-verdict49" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-9-verdict49" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-9-person165"> SAUL
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<rs id="t17780429-9-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
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<rs id="t17780429-9-punish51" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-9-punish51" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury, before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-9-person166"> BARON EYRE
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<interp inst="t17780429-9-person166" type="given" value="BARON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-9-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780429-10-defend168" type="defendantName"> JOHN WHEELER
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<interp inst="t17780429-10-defend168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780429-10-off52" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-10-off52" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two cloth coats, value 30 s. two cloth waistcoats, value 10 s. two callico waistcoats, value 4 s; a pair of cloth breeches, value 2 s. and a pair of silver knee buckles, value 4 s. the property of
<persName id="t17780429-10-victim170" type="victimName"> Thomas Jones
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-10-off52 t17780429-10-cd53"/>.</p>
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<interp inst="t17780429-10-verdict54" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-11-off55" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-11-off55" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a sattin gown, value
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290017"/> 18 s. and a linen table cloth, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-11-victim173" type="victimName"> Martha Romelly
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<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. COMMON SERJEANT.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-12-off59" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-off59" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-12-victim178" type="victimName"> Phillis Hopkins
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<interp inst="t17780429-12-victim178" type="gender" value="female"/>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-12-off59 t17780429-12-cd61"/>, about the hour of six in the afternoon; (no person being in the said dwelling house); and stealing five pair of plain muslin ruffles, value 4 l. a suit of plain muslin, value 20 s. a suit of spotted flowered muslin, value 15 s. a suit of worked sprigged muslin, value 15 s. a worked muslin apron trimmed with lace, value 16 s. five pair of cotton mittens, value 10 s. twelve muslin aprons, value 6 s. six yards of silk ribband, value 2 s. a suit of minionet lace, value 5 s. two India shauls, value 20 l. a silk sacque and petticoat, value 5 l. a black laced silk cloak, value 8 l. a black silk laced tippet, value 5 s. a white silk cloak, trimmed with blond lace, value 30 s. a gauze cloak, value 6 s. a gauze handkerchief, value 1 s. a hundred callico shifts, value 50 l. and ten gold trinkets, value 10 l. the property of the said
<persName id="t17780429-12-person179"> Phillis Hopkins
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<interp inst="t17780429-12-person179" type="given" value="Phillis"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person179" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , in her dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-12-person180"> MARY JAMES
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<interp inst="t17780429-12-person180" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person180" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was left in the house by my mistress, Mrs. Hopkins, the house is
<placeName id="t17780429-12-crimeloc62">No. 11, Berner's-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-crimeloc62" type="placeName" value="No. 11, Berner's-street"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-12-off59 t17780429-12-crimeloc62"/>, while Mrs. Hopkins was at Kensington: on Sunday the 29th of March, I went out between three and four in the afternon; I double locked the door, and shut the window shutters; I stayed till between eight and nine; the door I found when I returned as I left it, and the windows were all safe, there were no marks of violence about any part of the outside of the house, by which any persons might have forced their way in; I found the chests broke open and rifled; I informed my mistress next morning of what had happened.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-12-person181"> PHILLIS HOPKINS
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person181" type="surname" value="HOPKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person181" type="given" value="PHILLIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person181" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Upon the information of my servant, I found my boxes broke open; and missed the things mentioned in the indictment, ( repeating them.)</p>
<persName id="t17780429-12-person182"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person182" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person182" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>An Information coming to Sir John Fielding's office of this burglary, and some robberies; the prisoner Massey and another were taken into custody, as they passed up Bow-street, and were carried into the office and examined; the other prisoner followed them in; and having followed them in, and being in their company, something having been found upon Massey, which led us to believe that Massey might have been concerned in this robbery; Kelly was also searched; and we found upon Massey two parcels of ribbands; and upon Kelly a pair of cotton gloves; (the ribbands and gloves were produced in court).</p>
<persName id="t17780429-12-person183"> JANE WELLS
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person183" type="surname" value="WELLS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person183" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person183" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I can swear positively to these cotton gloves; they are Mrs. Hopkins's property; I mended them, and there is my own mark upon them; as to the ribbands I cannot undertake to swear positively to them, but there were two such parcels of ribbands in the bureau at the time the house was broke open; and I believe from that circumstance, and the appearance of the ribband, that they are the two pieces of ribband.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-12-person184"> DAVID PROTHERO
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person184" type="surname" value="PROTHERO"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person184" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I searched the prisoners lodgings; I know their lodgings very well; in the drawer under the bed, the bed being a turn-up bed, and a drawer at the upper end of it; I found a parcel consisting of pick-lock keys, a file, and other things. I have no reason to believe that the pick-lock keys would fit Mrs. Hopkins's door.</p>
<p>[They are produced in Court.]</p>
<persName id="t17780429-12-person185"> RICHARD BRYANT
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person185" type="surname" value="BRYANT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person185" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was present when Massey and the other man was stopped and carried into Bow-street.</p>
<p>If the ribband be measured, it will be found they have each a yard less than the lady says. I bought these six yards of ribband of a pedlar in my own lodging that very morning; when my wife died I had a young woman to make my bed and clean my room; I told her I would make her a present of a ribband or two, and I bought these to give her. I bought it for six yards, and gave him half a crown for it, at the sign of the Queen's
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290018"/> Head in the Strand, about eight o'clock in the morning; there was nobody in the house but a little boy that is gone away. I have not any body here; the landlord and his wife are very ill; I have been formerly a gentleman's servant, after I was out of place I learned to dress hair; I have been lately down to my own town; I have no friends here at all.</p>
<p>I lodge likewise at the Queen's Head in the Strand with my wife and family, and have for about a year and a half. I came down stairs at about eight in the morning to read the news-paper; a woman came in with a large bundle, she seemed like an old clothes woman; she offered me some stockings and handkerchiefs to sell. I told her I wanted no such things; then she shewed me a pair of gloves. I said I never wore such things: the boy said your wife does. I asked the price; she said 2 s. I bid her one as I did not want them. I at last said I would give her 18 d. for them; she said if she took my money she would drink with me. I said she might drink the beer I left; I went out, going along Covent Garden I met this young man that stands by me and the other; we were going to Lincoln's-Inn-Fields to see a match that was going to be played at fives. Going up Bow-street, Massey said this was the nearest way; when we came to the Brown-Bear door, Jealous came out and stopped Massey; I was thirty or forty yards behind; he said there was an information of a robbery, and by the description he was one; and he said to the other young man, I believe you to be another. I said, do you want me? Jealous said no; we have no notice of you, nor description of you. I said I may go about my business then I suppose; he said yes, I might; but I said I would stop and see what was their fate; I was afterwards stopped and searched. If I had been conscious of having any stolen goods upon me, I should not have gone there: there was a person who was present at the time I bought these mittens, who sat in a box opposite me, but I never could find him out; the landlord and landlady would appear, but they are both lying at the point of death. I am now a waiter, I have been mostly in the tea gardens lately.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-12-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-12-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-verdict63" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> not Guilty of the breaking and entering the dwelling-house, but guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-12-person186"> Baron EYRE
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person186" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person186" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17780429-12-punish64" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-12-punish64" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-12-punish64" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-12-defend174 t17780429-12-punish64"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-12-defend176 t17780429-12-punish64"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17780429-13-defend188" type="defendantName"> JOHN TURPIN
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<interp inst="t17780429-13-defend188" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-defend188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780429-13-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a black silk cloak, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-13-victim190" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Bulford
<interp inst="t17780429-13-victim190" type="surname" value="Bulford"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-victim190" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-victim190" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-13-off65 t17780429-13-victim190"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-13-viclabel66" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-13-victim190 t17780429-13-viclabel66"/>,
<rs id="t17780429-13-cd67" type="crimeDate">February the 26th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-13-off65 t17780429-13-cd67"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-13-person191"> ELIZABETH BULFORD
<interp inst="t17780429-13-person191" type="surname" value="BULFORD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-person191" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-person191" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17780429-13-crimeloc68">White Horse-street, Stepney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="White Horse-street, Stepney"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-13-off65 t17780429-13-crimeloc68"/>; I am a widow, and
<rs id="t17780429-13-viclabel69" type="occupation">keep a little shop and sell earthen ware and little toys</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-13-victim190 t17780429-13-viclabel69"/>. The prisoner came to my shop on the 26th of February, at about nine in the morning, under pretence of buying toys; he asked for a very large doll and a large drum, then he said he wanted a quantity of earthen ware to send on board a ship; supposing him likely to be a good customer, I was willing to serve him. I offered to carry them on board his ship myself, but I had not a doll so large as he wanted; he perswaded me to go to Broad-street to see if I could not purchase one to his mind, he said he would go to about half a crown or 3 s. in the price; I called a neighbour, Isabella Mersin to mind my shop, and to accompany the prisoner till I came back; when I returned, the prisoner was gone, and I missed my cloak.</p>
<p>ISABELLA MERSIN sworn.</p>
<p>I was left in the back room with the prisoner, he sent me out of the room several times upon frivolous errands; at last he asked me for some small beer, when I brought it he desired it might be warmed and made very hot; he said he was going to leave a message just by, and he would be back by the time the beer was hot; he went away and did not come back again: while he sent me away upon these frequent errands, he had opportunities to take any thing. I had seen Mrs. Bulford's cloak hanging there that morning, but I did not observe it at that time.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-13-person192"> AMBROSE HARPER
<interp inst="t17780429-13-person192" type="surname" value="HARPER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-person192" type="given" value="AMBROSE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-13-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I happened to be at the next door to the prosecutrix, and I heard the prisoner give orders
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290019"/> to have this small beer made very hot for him while he went on a message; I threw up the sash and saw him come out of the house, he stood hesitating in the street sometime which way he should go; at last he went Rosemary-lane way: when the cloak was missed I went in pursuit of the prisoner. I went and looked into all the shops in Rosemary-lane, but did not see the prisoner till I was coming back, then I met him going into Rosemary-lane, I watched him till I saw him go into a cloath's shop; he took out the cloak and offered to sell it; I ran into the shop and collared him and charged him with stealing the cloak, he then said it was his wife's cloak, after that he said he found it; the mob rose about us; there was no constable to be got, so I took him myself before a justice.</p>
<p>[The cloak was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutrix.]</p>
<rs id="t17780429-13-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-13-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-13-punish71" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-13-punish71" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-13-defend188 t17780429-13-punish71"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-14">
<interp inst="t17780429-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780429-14" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-14-off72-c166" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-14-defend194 t17780429-14-off72 t17780429-14-verdict74"/>
<persName id="t17780429-14-defend194" type="defendantName"> DANIEL SULAN
<interp inst="t17780429-14-defend194" type="surname" value="SULAN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-defend194" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-defend194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-14-off72" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-14-off72" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-off72" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-14-victim196" type="victimName"> James Bonus
<interp inst="t17780429-14-victim196" type="surname" value="Bonus"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-victim196" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-victim196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-14-off72 t17780429-14-victim196"/> </persName> on the
<rs id="t17780429-14-cd73" type="crimeDate">12th of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-14-off72 t17780429-14-cd73"/>, about the hour of twelve in the night, and stealing a silver cream pot, value 5 s. a wainscot box value 2 s. 120 pieces of copper value 2 s. the property of the said
<persName id="t17780429-14-person197"> James Bonus
<interp inst="t17780429-14-person197" type="surname" value="Bonus"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-person197" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-14-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-14-verdict74" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-14-verdict74" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780429-15" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-15-off75-c169" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-15-defend199 t17780429-15-off75 t17780429-15-verdict77"/>
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<p>310. 311.
<persName id="t17780429-15-defend199" type="defendantName"> EDWARD DANIELS
<interp inst="t17780429-15-defend199" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-defend199" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-defend199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780429-15-defend201" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BURLEY
<interp inst="t17780429-15-defend201" type="surname" value="BURLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-defend201" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-defend201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-15-off75" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-15-off75" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-off75" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a black gelding, value 10 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-15-victim203" type="victimName"> Jeremiah Seal
<interp inst="t17780429-15-victim203" type="surname" value="Seal"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-victim203" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-15-victim203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-15-off75 t17780429-15-victim203"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-15-cd76" type="crimeDate">June 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-15-off75 t17780429-15-cd76"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-15-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-15-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-16" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-16-off78-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-16-defend205 t17780429-16-off78 t17780429-16-verdict79"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-16-off78-c173" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-16-defend207 t17780429-16-off78 t17780429-16-verdict79"/>
<persName id="t17780429-16-defend205" type="defendantName"> EDWARD DANIELS
<interp inst="t17780429-16-defend205" type="surname" value="DANIELS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-16-defend205" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-16-defend205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780429-16-defend207" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BURLEY
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<interp inst="t17780429-16-defend207" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-16-defend207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-16-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-16-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-16-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a black gelding, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-16-victim209" type="victimName"> John Beck
<interp inst="t17780429-16-victim209" type="surname" value="Beck"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-16-victim209" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-16-victim209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-16-off78 t17780429-16-victim209"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17780429-16-verdict79" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-16-verdict79" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-17" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780429-17" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-17-off80-c175" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-17-defend211 t17780429-17-off80 t17780429-17-verdict82"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-17-off80-c176" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-17-defend213 t17780429-17-off80 t17780429-17-verdict82"/>
<persName id="t17780429-17-defend211" type="defendantName"> EDWARD DANIELS
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<interp inst="t17780429-17-defend211" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-17-defend211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780429-17-defend213" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BURLEY
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<interp inst="t17780429-17-defend213" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-17-defend213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-17-off80" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-17-off80" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-17-off80" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a grey gelding, value 5 l. 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-17-victim214" type="victimName"> John Price
<interp inst="t17780429-17-victim214" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-17-victim214" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-17-victim214" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-17-off80 t17780429-17-victim214"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-17-cd81" type="crimeDate">July 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-17-off80 t17780429-17-cd81"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-17-verdict82" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-17-verdict82" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-18" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780429-18" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-18-off83-c178" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-18-defend216 t17780429-18-off83 t17780429-18-verdict85"/>
<persName id="t17780429-18-defend216" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BURLEY
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<interp inst="t17780429-18-defend216" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-18-defend216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-18-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-18-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-18-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a black gelding, value 3 l. 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-18-victim218" type="victimName"> Henry Lacey
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<interp inst="t17780429-18-victim218" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-18-off83 t17780429-18-victim218"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-18-cd84" type="crimeDate">September 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-18-off83 t17780429-18-cd84"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-18-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-18-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
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<persName id="t17780429-19-defend220" type="defendantName"> EDWARD DANIELS
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<interp inst="t17780429-19-defend220" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-defend220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780429-19-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a black gelding, value 3 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-19-victim222" type="victimName"> John Price
<interp inst="t17780429-19-victim222" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-victim222" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-victim222" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-19-off86 t17780429-19-victim222"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-19-cd87" type="crimeDate">August 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-19-off86 t17780429-19-cd87"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-19-person223"> JOHN PRICE
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<interp inst="t17780429-19-person223" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at the Rising Sun at
<placeName id="t17780429-19-crimeloc88">Hackney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-crimeloc88" type="placeName" value="Hackney"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-crimeloc88" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-19-off86 t17780429-19-crimeloc88"/>. I put a black gelding into the field over night, I missed it out of the field at four in the morning. I met the prisoner; he laughed at me, and asked me if I had lost my coach-horse which I had bought so lately; I told him I had: he said he would bring me my horse if I would give him something to do; but I never had my gelding again.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-19-person224"> JONATHAN SAUNDERS
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<interp inst="t17780429-19-person224" type="given" value="JONATHAN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-19-person225"> Edward Daniels
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person225" type="surname" value="Daniels"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person225" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I took this horse out of the Mill fields, and he sold it to
<persName id="t17780429-19-person226"> John Foster
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person226" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person226" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-19-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Allen Street for 10 s. We took up Foster but he got out of the window and got off; we could not find the skin, for they carry them away to the tanners as soon as they kill the horses.</p>
<p>I know nothing of the matter; I don't know Foster, nor where he lives.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-19-verdict89" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-19-verdict89" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-19-defend220 t17780429-19-punish90"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-20" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<p>312. 313.
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<interp inst="t17780429-20-defend228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780429-20-defend230" type="defendantName"> JOHN HOSIER
<interp inst="t17780429-20-defend230" type="surname" value="HOSIER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-20-defend230" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-20-defend230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-20-off91" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-20-off91" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-20-off91" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing twelve linen table cloths, value 40 s. a dresser cloth, value 6 d. a linen waistcoat, value 6 d. a dimity petticoat, value 7 s. a linen shift, value 3 s. a linen shirt-body, value 3 s. and a linen shirt, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-20-victim232" type="victimName"> Sarah Musters
<interp inst="t17780429-20-victim232" type="surname" value="Musters"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-20-victim232" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-20-victim232" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-20-off91 t17780429-20-victim232"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-20-viclabel92" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-20-victim232 t17780429-20-viclabel92"/>,
<rs id="t17780429-20-cd93" type="crimeDate">January 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-20-off91 t17780429-20-cd93"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-20-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-20-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-21-off95-c189" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-21-defend234 t17780429-21-off95 t17780429-21-verdict98"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290023"/>314.
<persName id="t17780429-21-defend234" type="defendantName"> MARY BISHOP
<interp inst="t17780429-21-defend234" type="surname" value="BISHOP"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21-defend234" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21-defend234" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-21-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-21-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously stealing a gold watch, value 10 l. and a base metal watch key, value 1 d. the property of
<persName id="t17780429-21-victim236" type="victimName"> Sarah Warner
<interp inst="t17780429-21-victim236" type="surname" value="Warner"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21-victim236" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-21-victim236" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-21-off95 t17780429-21-victim236"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-21-viclabel96" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-21-victim236 t17780429-21-viclabel96"/>, in the dwelling-house of a certain person unknown </rs>,
<rs id="t17780429-21-cd97" type="crimeDate">April 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-21-off95 t17780429-21-cd97"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-21-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-21-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-22">
<interp inst="t17780429-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-22-off99-c191" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-22-defend238 t17780429-22-off99 t17780429-22-verdict103"/>
<persName id="t17780429-22-defend238" type="defendantName"> JOHN BRISTOW
<interp inst="t17780429-22-defend238" type="surname" value="BRISTOW"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-defend238" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-defend238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-22-off99" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-22-off99" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-off99" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing three black silk cloaks, value 13 s. seven linen shifts, value 7 s. two muslin aprons, value 4 s. and a dimity petticoat, value 8 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-22-victim240" type="victimName"> Margaret Morris
<interp inst="t17780429-22-victim240" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-victim240" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-victim240" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-22-off99 t17780429-22-victim240"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-22-viclabel100" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-22-victim240 t17780429-22-viclabel100"/>,
<rs id="t17780429-22-cd101" type="crimeDate">February 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-22-off99 t17780429-22-cd101"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-22-person241"> MARGARET MORRIS
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person241" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person241" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person241" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live near
<placeName id="t17780429-22-crimeloc102">Carnaby Market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-crimeloc102" type="placeName" value="Carnaby Market"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-crimeloc102" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-22-off99 t17780429-22-crimeloc102"/>. On the 26th of February last I lost some linen clothes that hung to dry in a one pair of stairs room (repeating them) three cloaks also were taken out of a drawer in the same room; the room was not locked; I cannot tell who took them.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-22-person242"> Margaret Morris
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person242" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person242" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person242" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , junior, confirmed the evidence of the prosecutrix.]</p>
<persName id="t17780429-22-person243"> CHARLES GRUBB
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person243" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person243" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Having a suspicion of the prisoner, I stopped him in Tottenham Court-Road on the 28th of February: I found a bundle upon him. I asked him how he came by it; he said he found them in the street; it was a wet dirty night, and it was not dirty; upon examining the bundle I found it contained shifts wet as just from the wash. I took him into custody.</p>
<p>[The linen was produced in court and deposed to by Mrs. Morris and her daughter.]</p>
<p>I found them in a door way; it was a frosty night.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-22-verdict103" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-22-verdict103" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-22-punish104" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-22-punish104" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-22-punish104" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-22-defend238 t17780429-22-punish104"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-23">
<interp inst="t17780429-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-23-off105-c196" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-23-defend245 t17780429-23-off105 t17780429-23-verdict107"/>
<persName id="t17780429-23-defend245" type="defendantName"> FRANCES BROWN
<interp inst="t17780429-23-defend245" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23-defend245" type="given" value="FRANCES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23-defend245" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for feloniously
<rs id="t17780429-23-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-23-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a metal watch, value 20 s. a steel watch chain, value 2 s. a pebble stone seal, set in gold, value 3 l. and a composition seal set in gold, value 10 s. the property of
<persName id="t17780429-23-victim247" type="victimName"> James Cobb
<interp inst="t17780429-23-victim247" type="surname" value="Cobb"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23-victim247" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-23-victim247" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-23-off105 t17780429-23-victim247"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17780429-23-cd106" type="crimeDate">March 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-23-off105 t17780429-23-cd106"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-23-verdict107" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-23-verdict107" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-24">
<interp inst="t17780429-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-24-off108-c198" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-24-defend249 t17780429-24-off108 t17780429-24-verdict111"/>
<persName id="t17780429-24-defend249" type="defendantName"> JOHN SMITH
<interp inst="t17780429-24-defend249" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24-defend249" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24-defend249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-24-off108" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-24-off108" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24-off108" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing a pair of velvet breeches, value 2 s. a velvet waistcoat, value 2 s. and a pair of silk breeches, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-24-victim251" type="victimName"> Alexander Campbell
<interp inst="t17780429-24-victim251" type="surname" value="Campbell"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24-victim251" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-24-victim251" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-24-off108 t17780429-24-victim251"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-24-viclabel109" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-24-victim251 t17780429-24-viclabel109"/>.
<rs id="t17780429-24-cd110" type="crimeDate">March 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-24-off108 t17780429-24-cd110"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-24-verdict111" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-24-verdict111" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-25-off112-c200" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-25-defend253 t17780429-25-off112 t17780429-25-verdict114"/>
<persName id="t17780429-25-defend253" type="defendantName"> MARY DAVIS
<interp inst="t17780429-25-defend253" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25-defend253" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25-defend253" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-25-off112" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-25-off112" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25-off112" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing sixteen guineas in monies numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17780429-25-victim255" type="victimName"> Charlotte Deverneuil
<interp inst="t17780429-25-victim255" type="surname" value="Deverneuil"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25-victim255" type="given" value="Charlotte"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-25-victim255" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-25-off112 t17780429-25-victim255"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-25-cd113" type="crimeDate">April 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-25-off112 t17780429-25-cd113"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-25-verdict114" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-25-verdict114" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-26-off115-c202" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-defend257 t17780429-26-off115 t17780429-26-verdict120"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-26-off115-c203" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-defend259 t17780429-26-off115 t17780429-26-verdict122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-26-off115-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-defend261 t17780429-26-off115 t17780429-26-verdict123"/>
<p>319. 320. 321.
<persName id="t17780429-26-defend257" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM KNIGHT
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend257" type="surname" value="KNIGHT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend257" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17780429-26-defend259" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS MAJOR
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend259" type="surname" value="MAJOR"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend259" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17780429-26-defend261" type="defendantName"> JOHN HOSIER
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend261" type="surname" value="HOSIER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend261" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-defend261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-26-off115" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-26-off115" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-off115" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of the
<rs id="t17780429-26-viclabel116" type="occupation">Reverend</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-victim263 t17780429-26-viclabel116"/>
<persName id="t17780429-26-victim263" type="victimName"> John Hockley
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<interp inst="t17780429-26-victim263" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-victim263" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-off115 t17780429-26-victim263"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-26-viclabel117" type="occupation">clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-victim263 t17780429-26-viclabel117"/>, on the
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-off115 t17780429-26-cd118"/>, about the hour of two in the night, and stealing three silver soup spoons, value 3 l. nine desert silver spoons, value 40 s. and five silver table spoons, value 50 s. the property of the said
<persName id="t17780429-26-person264"> John Hockley
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<interp inst="t17780429-26-person264" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>The Rev. Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-26-person265"> JOHN HOCKLEY
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person265" type="surname" value="HOCKLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person265" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at
<placeName id="t17780429-26-crimeloc119">Parson's Green, in the parish of Fulham</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="Parson's Green, in the parish of Fulham"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-off115 t17780429-26-crimeloc119"/>: my house was broke open in the night of the 3d of February. I know nothing of the circumstances of the breaking. I did not see the place fastened over night from whence the plate was stole; nor did I see it when it was discovered the next morning. After my servant had found out that the house had been robbed I saw the marks by which some persons had got over the walls and had got into this scullery in order to get the plate out of it. I had a very fierce dog in the yard, but one of them who is admitted an evidence for the crown, had lived three years ago in my service; he used to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290024"/> the dog, and the dog knew him again and was more grateful to him than he was to me, or he would have torn him to pieces.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-26-person266"> EDWARD DALTON
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person266" type="surname" value="DALTON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person266" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Hockley; the spoons were lost out of the scullery; they are usually kept in a cupboard in this scullery. I saw the door bolted the night before, and the window shut at ten in the evening. I saw the spoons in the cupboard, there were seventeen spoons in all, three large soup spoons, nine desert spoons, and five table spoons. I know nothing of the situation in which it was found the next morning, for the maid opened it, and she is not here. I did not see it till nine in the morning; I then saw some marks of some mortar which had fell down where somebody had climbed over the wall and got into the scullery window; they must have got over four or five walls, for it is an enclosure backwards; the garden walls must be climbed over; it must have been committed by some person pretty well acquainted with the situation of the house, and they must have got in at the window.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-26-person267"> SARAH HEDGES
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person267" type="surname" value="HEDGES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person267" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person267" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in the parish of St. Giles, in a common lodging house, kept by
<persName id="t17780429-26-person268"> Frances Keeling
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person268" type="surname" value="Keeling"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person268" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person268" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and she keeps a sort of a shop; there are two beds in this room; I and some other women were in one of the beds; and the four prisoners had their lodging on the other bed. On the 3d of February, between three and four in the morning, all the prisoners, and Griffiths who is the evidence, came in and laid down upon the bed in their clothes. Hosier had the property wrapped up in a blue apron. I heard there was something of value there; it gingled as he laid it down in the chair by the bedside; I wondered what it was; I did not enquire that night, but the next morning at seven, when the prisoners got up, I asked them what the bundle contained, Hosier and Griffiths said that they were spoons that they had got the night before. Hosier and Griffiths went down to
<persName id="t17780429-26-person269"> Frances Keeling
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person269" type="surname" value="Keeling"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person269" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person269" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and left the plate with her; and afterwards they came up again. Griffiths, in the presence of all the rest of the prisoners, desired me to go down to Mrs. Keeling, and desire her to send up half a guinea upon them, for they wanted half a guinea; I found Mrs. Keeling there with this plate, she had got some leaden weights and weighed the spoons; she said she had no money of her own, that she could send them up, but she would go to Whitechapel and sell the spoons, and bring the money there: if I would go along with her, she would treat me with a coach; we took a coach from St. Giles's to Whitechapel; there we sold the spoons for 5 l. 12 s. when we came back again, Mrs. Keeling gave the prisoner three guineas; I don't recollect whether she said that was the whole she got for them, or whether she endeavoured to cheat them out of part of it. I was by when she gave them the three guineas; there were three very large spoons; and the remainder seemed to be table spoons. I had nothing for my trouble.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-26-person270"> JAMES GRIFFITHS
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person270" type="surname" value="GRIFFITHS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person270" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was servant to Mr. Hockley three years ago last Bartholomew tide; I have been at sea since; and worked about in Gardens; and at last of all entered into a gang with these people; all the prisoners went out with me, with an intention to do this fact. The night of the 3d of February we went to a place called the New Ale-house, in Buckingham street, St. Giles's, about nine or ten in the evening. The reason of pitching upon this particular house was from my knowing that the plate was usually kept in that cupboard. We went along, and came to Parson's Green about one o'clock, but
<persName id="t17780429-26-person271"> Francis Major
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person271" type="surname" value="Major"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person271" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was so much in liquor, that we were obliged to leave him behind us at Little Chelsea, under a hay-stack; so he did not go along with us. When we came to Parson's Green, we got over three or four walls by my directions; at last we got to the top of Mr. Hockley's wall; there are pales fixed upon the wall which have tender hooks in them; I attempted to get over, and I tore my leg in two places with these tenter hooks; I was the only person that got over, because I knew the house better than the rest; and also because of the dog which was very large and fierce; Knight was at top of the pales with me, but did not dare to get down. When I got down the dog knew me perfectly well and fondled upon me; I had never seen the dog since I left the service of Mr. Hockley; I chained him up; the dog readily submitted
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290025"/> to it; Knight still stood at the top of the pales; and Hosier stood in the garden behind, in order to help us two up; when I got to the scullery I lifted up the sash window and put in my hand, and I found I could reach the cupboard without getting into the scullery; so I never was in the scullery, but put in my hand and took the plate out, and handed it up to Knight, who stood upon the pales; I remember particularly I took a soup ladle and two wooden spoons, which are used for the young gentlemen who are scholars there, and about fifteen others; if there were any more, they concealed them from me; I handed them up to them, they put them into a blue apron; Knight was upon the wall, and Hosier below; when this was done, I unchained the dog, and turned him loose; and then got over the wall back again; then we all set forward for London; and at Little Chelsea we called upon Major again, who was got something more sober than he was, and came home along with us; then we all went to Mrs. Keeling's house, and laid down upon the bed in our clothes.
<persName id="t17780429-26-person272"> Sarah Hedges
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person272" type="surname" value="Hedges"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person272" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person272" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was there. We got up at seven o'clock, and Hosier and I went down stairs to Mrs. Keeling with the plate; I asked her if she would have it; she said yes, if it was a thousand pounds worth; but when she came to treat about it, she had but 3 s. in money, which we borrowed of her for out present expences; when I got up stairs I thought that would not do, and sent Hedges to Mrs. Keeling, in order to get half a guinea for the present she brought word that she had not half a guinea in the world, but would go to Whitechapel and sell the plate, and then we should have the money; accordingly Keeling and Hedges went out together, and staid about five hours; when they returned, Mrs. Keeling gave to me three guineas in the presence of Hedges; I got it changed, and we all four shared the money; which came to 15 s. and 9 d. Major had a share, as he went with us, though he had got drunk by accident by the way; one
<persName id="t17780429-26-person273"> Charlotte Mc Clochlan
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person273" type="surname" value="Mc Clochlan"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person273" type="given" value="Charlotte"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person273" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who kept company with Major, made a great noise about it, said he had been a great fool to be out all night and get but 15 s. and 9 d. and they must have cheated him; this made such a riot that we thought it best to get away. - We saw Grubb, and Knight had a loaded pistol in his hand, which he thought to fire at him.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-26-person274"> CHARLES GRUBB
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person274" type="surname" value="GRUBB"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person274" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I had an information of this gang of housebreakers. I met Knight and Griffiths together, and stopped them, Knight had a loaded pistol in his hand; and he Holloed out to Griffiths, shall I go it? Griffiths immediately called out, no don't. Knight then ran off; I secured Griffiths, when Griffiths was secured, he said he had been long desirous to get out of the gang, and wished to be admitted an evidence; after that I took Mrs. Keeling up, who had sold the plate for them; she was admitted to bail, and was to have given evidence, but she has absconded.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-26-person275"> Frances Keeling
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person275" type="surname" value="Keeling"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person275" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-26-person275" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was called, but not appearing, the Court ordered her recognizance to be estreated.</p>
<p>What this man has said is quite false. I am innocent of what has been sworn against me.</p>
<p>(Major was not put upon his defence.)</p>
<p>Griffiths came into the Crown alehouse, St. Giles's, and asked me to walk with him to Parson's green, to a gentleman, where he thought he could get a good deal of plate; he kept me in the yard; he said the dog would tear me to pieces; after we had got it, he gave me a guinea. He said I will give you this money for nothing; and if you have a mind, you may give me something out of it; I gave him a shilling and he was contented.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-26-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-26-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-defend257 t17780429-26-punish121"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-26-verdict122" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-26-verdict122" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-26-verdict123" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-26-verdict123" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
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<interp inst="t17780429-26-punish124" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-26-defend261 t17780429-26-punish124"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780429-27-defend277" type="defendantName"> JOHN BENNET
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<interp inst="t17780429-27-defend277" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-27-defend277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780429-27-off125" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-27-off125" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> feloniously stealing three guineas, a half guinea, and 3 s. in monies, numbered </rs>, the property of
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-27-off125 t17780429-27-victim278"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-27-cd126" type="crimeDate">March 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-27-off125 t17780429-27-cd126"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-27-person279"> MARTIN WAGHORN
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<interp inst="t17780429-27-person279" type="given" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-27-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780429-27-viclabel127" type="occupation">lieutenant in the navy</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-27-victim278 t17780429-27-viclabel127"/>. In the passage to
<placeName id="t17780429-27-crimeloc128">Covent Garden playhouse</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-27-crimeloc128" type="placeName" value="Covent Garden playhouse"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-27-off125 t17780429-27-crimeloc128"/>, I found a hand in my pocket; I seized the prisoner's
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290026"/> hand coming out of my pocket; and the same instant my money sell upon the floor; the money was picked up by some of the people about, I never got it again; my pocket was drawn inside out.</p>
<p>I never meddled with the gentleman's pocket; I was shoving in, to get as good a seat as I could; I was searched, I had no money but my own, about half a guinea and 7 s.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-27-verdict129" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-27-verdict129" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-27-person280"> Baron EYRE
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<interp inst="t17780429-27-person280" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-27-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780429-28-defend282" type="defendantName"> JOHN RATFORD
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<interp inst="t17780429-28-defend282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-28-off130" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-28-off130" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-off130" type="offenceSubcategory" value="embezzlement"/> stealing and embezzling eight wooden butts, value 8 l. the property of our Lord the King, and being the naval stores of our Lord
<rs id="t17780429-28-viclabel131" type="occupation">
<persName id="t17780429-28-victim283" type="victimName"> the King
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<interp inst="t17780429-28-victim283" type="given" value="the"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-victim283" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-28-off130 t17780429-28-victim283"/> </persName> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-28-victim283 t17780429-28-viclabel131"/> against the statute </rs>.</p>
<p>2d Count. For stealing the same butts, being the property of our Lord the King, April 10.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-28-person284"> JAMES YOUNG
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person284" type="surname" value="YOUNG"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person284" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the master store keeper at the Victualling Office, these butts are naval stores belonging to the crown.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-28-person285"> JAMES HALL
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person285" type="surname" value="HALL"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person285" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a master carman, I contract with the Victualling Office to carry whatsoever they shall want, and employ my men under me with several carts. I employed the prisoner, as I have done several times before, to carry from Tower Whan night butts to the Victualling Office. I helped to load them up the same day as laid in the indictment; soon after I had an information that he had carried them off; I met him and asked him what was become of those butts; he at the first stoutly denied that he knew any thing of the master; then he burst out a crying, and said, he would tell where they were; he said, they were in a place in Virginia Street, I went with him to this house; I looked through the crevice of the door, the door was partly open, there I saw the butts. I got assistance and forced open the doors and examined them, and saw the broad R, which is the mark upon all the king's stores stamped upon the hoops, and also upon the casks themselves near the bunghole; therefore I had no doubt that these were the same butts that were loaded up by the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-28-person286"> ALEXANDER MITCHELL
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person286" type="surname" value="MITCHELL"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person286" type="given" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a carman. I saw in Church-Lane, Spitalfields, one of my master's carts with a load of butts upon it, and Ratford driving it: this place is out of the road from Tower Wharf to the Victualling Office. I met some other people, we drank some gin together: after we had finished the conversation the prisoner desired me, for God sake! not to say that I had seen him, for he would tell my master a story that the horses ran away, and so he was going round to the Victualling Office. I went and discovered the whole matter to my master.</p>
<p>I just overtook the cart as he and this little lad came with the pitch-forks and shovels upon their shoulders; they said don't take notice to my master, I will go round Well-Close Square with them, and then to the office with them. Young Will Lane wrenched the whip out of my hand and drove the cart away, and he paid 6 d. at the bar; the butts were in the cart then.</p>
<p>[The prisoner called a witness who gave him a good character.]</p>
<rs id="t17780429-28-verdict132" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-28-verdict132" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-28-verdict132" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> GUILTY, of stealing to the value of 16 s </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p>
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<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780429-29-defend287" type="defendantName"> AMEY DAWSON, otherwise
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<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-29-defend287 t17780429-29-alias-3"/>PINHORN</rs>
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<interp inst="t17780429-29-defend287" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780429-29-off134" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-29-off134" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> feloniously stealing a silver watch, value 40 s. and 6 s. in monies numbered; the property of
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<interp inst="t17780429-29-victim289" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-29-victim289" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-29-off134 t17780429-29-victim289"/> </persName> privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17780429-29-cd135" type="crimeDate">April 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-29-off134 t17780429-29-cd135"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-29-verdict136" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-29-verdict136" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-29-person290"> Baron EYRE
<interp inst="t17780429-29-person290" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-29-person290" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-29-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-30">
<interp inst="t17780429-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-30-off137-c230" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend292 t17780429-30-off137 t17780429-30-verdict142"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-30-off137-c231" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend294 t17780429-30-off137 t17780429-30-verdict142"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-30-off139-c232" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend296 t17780429-30-off139 t17780429-30-verdict142"/>
<p>325, 326, 327.
<persName id="t17780429-30-defend292" type="defendantName"> JOHN EDWARDS
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend292" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend292" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17780429-30-defend294" type="defendantName"> DAVID DOCKHAM
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend294" type="surname" value="DOCKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend294" type="given" value="DAVID"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17780429-30-defend296" type="defendantName"> THOMAS HODGE
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend296" type="surname" value="HODGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend296" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-defend296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, the two first for
<rs id="t17780429-30-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-30-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing eight live pigs, value 8 l. </rs>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290027"/> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-30-victim298" type="victimName"> Daniel Sebbon
<interp inst="t17780429-30-victim298" type="surname" value="Sebbon"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-victim298" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-victim298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-30-cd138" type="crimeDate">February the 18th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-off137 t17780429-30-cd138"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-off139 t17780429-30-cd138"/>, and the other for
<rs id="t17780429-30-off139" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-30-off139" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-off139" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving four of the said pigs, well knowing them to have been stolen against the statute </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-30-person299"> DANIEL SEBBON
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person299" type="surname" value="SEBBON"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person299" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780429-30-viclabel140" type="occupation">cow-keeper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-victim298 t17780429-30-viclabel140"/> at
<placeName id="t17780429-30-crimeloc141">Islington</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-crimeloc141" type="placeName" value="Islington"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-crimeloc141" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-off137 t17780429-30-crimeloc141"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-off139 t17780429-30-crimeloc141"/>. On the 19th of February I missed eight pigs out of the back part of my premises; on the Saturday following the constable came and said there were some pigs lay dead in a stable in Caroline Court, Saffron Hill, and desired me to come and look at them. I went; there were four of them; they were stuck. I went down and looked at them, and swore to them by the marks and colour, it was a particular mark that they had wrung in their nose. I never had any other pigs with such a mark.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-30-person300"> THOMAS ISAAC
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person300" type="surname" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person300" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Upon the Saturday following I had an information brought to me by a hand-bill, that some pigs were lost; then I had information that some hogs lay dead in a place. I looked at them by the description of the hand-bill, I went to Sebbon and told him there were some pigs, and asked him to come and look at them; he swore to them by particular marks. I took Edwards and Hodges.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-30-person301"> EDWARD WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person301" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person301" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I and the two prisoners, Edwards and Dockham, were the persons concerned in stealing these pigs: we were at a loss when we got them where to put them; we met Hodge, who said he would help us to a place to put them in, and went with us, and we put them in a stable in Caroline Court. On Friday Hodge told us he could help us to a customer for some of the pigs; he said, his brother would buy two or three of them; and we hired an ass of one Fennell to carry two of them to Hodge's brother, two of them were killed in the stable, and removed to Boiling-Alley, and the next day were removed to Hodge's house, in Crown Court, Grubb Street. Hodge had part of the two guineas: he received of his brother for the two pigs, and helped in carrying the others; the pigs that were owned by Mr. Sebbon were never at Hodge's, they were in the stable.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-30-person302"> JOHN MARTIN
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person302" type="surname" value="MARTIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person302" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have a stable in Caroline Court: I came to the stable on Wednesday morning, and found eight pigs in it. I asked a man who has part of the stable with me, how they came there: he said, Edwards, Williams, Dockham and Hodge brought them there over night. I went to seek after them: I found Williams and Dockham in Smithfield, and told them to come and take the pigs away, or I would turn them out of the stable; they all four came down after me, when I went to the stable; I saw Hodge and Edwards with a sack and an axe, and I told them they had no occasion to bring them there, for nothing should be done to them in my stable; then Dockham and Edwards turned them into the next stable, and they all went in after them: that is the stable where the four pigs were found afterwards; they wanted to hire my ass; I would not lend it them; they hired Fennell's ass.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-30-person303"> GEORGE FENNELL
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person303" type="surname" value="FENNELL"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person303" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Friday
<persName id="t17780429-30-person304"> William Dockham
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person304" type="surname" value="Dockham"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person304" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Hodge, and Edwards came down Caroline Court, and asked me to lend them a jack-ass, and said they would pay me for it. I lent them one, and they took two pigs away. I went with them, they carried them to a butcher's shop near the end of Red-Cross-street: I don't know the butcher's name.</p>
<p>Do you know what was paid? - No; they sent me to an alehouse, and desired I would stay till they came; they gave me five shillings.</p>
<p>I know no more of the affair than the child unborn.</p>
<p>Edwards called three witnesses who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>I met Williams, he asked me to assist in driving the pigs, and said he would pay me for my trouble; I know no more of it. I have been a drover all my life time.</p>
<p>For Hodge.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-30-person305"> THOMAS RYLAND
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person305" type="surname" value="RYLAND"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person305" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I attend at Justice Blackborough's: I took Dockham and Williams by the information of Hodge, which was the means of this being brought to light, Williams said, before the Justice, that Hodge was innocent as to the thieving part;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290028"/> but that he helped them to a customer: he wanted to be admitted an evidence, but Williams got the preference, being first examined before the magistrate; he was then discharged, but the next day surrendered himself to me.</p>
<p>[Hodge called one other witness who gave him a good character.]</p>
<rs id="t17780429-30-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-30-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780429-30-person306"> Baron EYRE
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person306" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person306" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17780429-30-punish143" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-30-punish143" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-punish143" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend292 t17780429-30-punish143"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend294 t17780429-30-punish143"/>
<note>[Edwards Dockham:Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17780429-30-punish144" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-30-punish144" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend292 t17780429-30-punish144"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend294 t17780429-30-punish144"/>
<note>[Edwards Dockham:Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17780429-30-punish145" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-30-punish145" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-30-punish145" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-30-defend296 t17780429-30-punish145"/>
<note>[Hodge:Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-31">
<interp inst="t17780429-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-31-off146-c242" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-31-defend307 t17780429-31-off146 t17780429-31-verdict149"/>
<persName id="t17780429-31-defend307" type="defendantName"> HUMPHRY ALEXANDER
<interp inst="t17780429-31-defend307" type="surname" value="ALEXANDER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-defend307" type="given" value="HUMPHRY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-defend307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-31-off146" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-31-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-31-victim309" type="victimName"> Judith Thompson
<interp inst="t17780429-31-victim309" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-victim309" type="given" value="Judith"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-victim309" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-31-off146 t17780429-31-victim309"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17780429-31-cd147" type="crimeDate">12th of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-31-off146 t17780429-31-cd147"/>, about the hour of seven in the afternoon, the said Judith and others being in the said dwelling house, and stealing twenty-three yards of Ruffia-cloth, value 10 s. the property of the said Judith in her dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-31-person310"> ANN BRADLEY
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person310" type="surname" value="BRADLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person310" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person310" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to
<persName id="t17780429-31-person311"> Judith Thompson
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person311" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person311" type="given" value="Judith"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person311" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who is a
<rs id="t17780429-31-viclabel148" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-31-victim309 t17780429-31-viclabel148"/>, I was sitting in a parlour behind the shop about seven in the evening; the man was shutting up the shop. I went into the shop to serve a customer, and then went into the parlour again; and the shop being near shut up, I left the door unbolted: just as I had got in I heard the latch move; I went into the shop to see if any body was come in, and saw the door latched: just as I had returned into the parlour, I heard the latch move again; I turned quick about and saw a man go out of the shop in a hurry, with something under his arm; I ran out and pursued him: I ran as far as Brownlow-street, and found I had out-run my strength, and could not catch him. I called, stop thief! and then heard somebody else cry stop thief! I then recollected I had left the shop with nobody in it, and if there were any more of them they might strip the shop; so I ran immediately back. The things were dropped and brought back; they have our mark upon them.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-31-person312"> SAMUEL BROMFIELD
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person312" type="surname" value="BROMFIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person312" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I heard the cry of stop thief. I went to stop the prisoner, and he threw down two bundles: I took them up, and called, stop thief! and he was taken in less than two hundred yards, and brought back to the shop. I am positive the prisoner is the man that dropped the bundles. I delivered them to the last witness.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-31-person313"> MARY CUNNING
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person313" type="surname" value="CUNNING"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person313" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person313" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was going down Holborn: I stopped and was looking in at a toy-shop next door to Mrs. Thompson's: the prisoner and another man walked by me two or three times, and looked full in my face. I was afraid they were going to say something to me, and I went away. I looked back and saw the prisoner come out at Mrs. Thompson's door with something under his arm. I heard the cry of stop thief! he was taken. I saw him when he was brought back, and knew him again directly.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-31-person314"> WILLIAM HARRIS
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person314" type="surname" value="HARRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person314" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I stopped the prisoner in Gray's-Inn passage, he had nothing on him then. I brought him back to Mrs. Thompson's. He begged pardon and said he hoped for mercy.</p>
<p>[The things were produced in court and deposed to by Bradley.]</p>
<p>The prisoner did not say any thing in his defence.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-31-verdict149" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-31-verdict149" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-verdict149" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Not Guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house, but Guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-31-punish150" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-31-punish150" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-31-punish150" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-31-defend307 t17780429-31-punish150"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-32">
<interp inst="t17780429-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-32-off151-c249" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-32-defend316 t17780429-32-off151 t17780429-32-verdict154"/>
<persName id="t17780429-32-defend316" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM GARMENT
<interp inst="t17780429-32-defend316" type="surname" value="GARMENT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-defend316" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-defend316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-32-off151" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-32-off151" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-off151" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> feloniously stealing four live hens, value 4 s. and a live cock, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-32-victim318" type="victimName"> William Elliot
<interp inst="t17780429-32-victim318" type="surname" value="Elliot"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-victim318" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-victim318" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-32-off151 t17780429-32-victim318"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-32-cd152" type="crimeDate">March 19</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-32-off151 t17780429-32-cd152"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-32-person319"> WILLIAM ELLIOTT
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person319" type="surname" value="ELLIOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person319" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at
<placeName id="t17780429-32-crimeloc153">Hodsdon-Green</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-crimeloc153" type="placeName" value="Hodsdon-Green"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-crimeloc153" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-32-off151 t17780429-32-crimeloc153"/>; this day six weeks I lost four hens and a cock from a stable adjoining to my house. I saw them about three hours before I missed them; the door was locked but the key not taken out. On the Saturday following
<persName id="t17780429-32-person320"> Thomas Blissett
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person320" type="surname" value="Blissett"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person320" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> found them in Oxford Street.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-32-person321"> THOMAS BLISSETT
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person321" type="surname" value="BLISSETT"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person321" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable at Hodsdon. I knew my neighbour had lost the hens and cock. On the Saturday morning coming to London I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290029"/> found two cocks and four hens on
<persName id="t17780429-32-person322"> William Stone
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person322" type="surname" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person322" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is the man that bought them; they were standing in the street.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-32-person323"> WILLIAM STONE
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person323" type="surname" value="STONE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person323" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I bought them of
<persName id="t17780429-32-person324"> William Garment
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person324" type="surname" value="Garment"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person324" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I believe there were a dozen and a half of them; there are some of them at my house now.</p>
<p>Did you shew any of them to Mrs. Elliott? - Yes, the cock.</p>
<p>Elliott. I saw the cock; he brought it to Hodsdon Green. I am sure it was my cock, it had a particular mark. I had cut its tail crooked, but I should have known it if it had not been cut.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-32-person325"> ANN CROKER
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person325" type="surname" value="CROKER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person325" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-person325" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a lace maker at Turnham Green. On the 18th of March I went to Uxbridge to meet the laceman. He was carrying some potatoes; I asked him to let me ride. I got up and he went and fetched some fowls. I left him at Acton and went to Turnham Green.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-32-verdict154" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-32-verdict154" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the first Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-32-punish155" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-32-punish155" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-32-punish155" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-32-defend316 t17780429-32-punish155"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-33">
<interp inst="t17780429-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780429-33" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-33-off156-c258" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-33-defend327 t17780429-33-off156 t17780429-33-verdict158"/>
<persName id="t17780429-33-defend327" type="defendantName"> PHILIP ADSHEAD
<interp inst="t17780429-33-defend327" type="surname" value="ADSHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-defend327" type="given" value="PHILIP"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-defend327" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-33-off156" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-33-off156" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-off156" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a fringed cloth hammer cloth, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780429-33-victim329" type="victimName"> John Leake
<interp inst="t17780429-33-victim329" type="surname" value="Leake"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-victim329" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-victim329" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-33-off156 t17780429-33-victim329"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780429-33-cd157" type="crimeDate">March 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-33-off156 t17780429-33-cd157"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-33-person330"> Barnard Barnard
<interp inst="t17780429-33-person330" type="surname" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-person330" type="given" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-33-person330" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the principal witness, was called but not appearing, the court ordered his recognizance to be estreated.]</p>
<rs id="t17780429-33-verdict158" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-33-verdict158" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780429-34" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-34-off159-c261" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-34-defend332 t17780429-34-off159 t17780429-34-verdict163"/>
<persName id="t17780429-34-defend332" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH WOOD
<interp inst="t17780429-34-defend332" type="surname" value="WOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-defend332" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-defend332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-34-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-34-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-34-victim334" type="victimName"> Thomas Smith
<interp inst="t17780429-34-victim334" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-victim334" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-victim334" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-34-off159 t17780429-34-victim334"/> </persName> on the
<rs id="t17780429-34-cd160" type="crimeDate">26th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-34-off159 t17780429-34-cd160"/>, about the hour of nine in the night, and stealing two silver tea spoons, value 2 s. the property of the said Thomas in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-34-person335"> THOMAS SMITH
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person335" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person335" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780429-34-viclabel161" type="occupation">carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-34-victim334 t17780429-34-viclabel161"/> in the parish of
<placeName id="t17780429-34-crimeloc162">St. Luke</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-crimeloc162" type="placeName" value="St. Luke"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-crimeloc162" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-34-off159 t17780429-34-crimeloc162"/>. On Sunday the 26th of March my wife and I went out about five o'clock: I locked up the house; we returned soon after nine: when we came near the house I saw a light up stairs; I left my wife and went and alarmed a neighbour; on my return my wife had stopped two gentlemen and told them there were thieves in the house. I desired them to help me, and then went and opened the door, and cried, holloa! who is there; then the people behind me told me the candle was put out. I then heard somebody running down stairs very fast: being afraid they might have some weapon concealed to do me a mischief, I went from the door about the length of my stick to strike at them as they came out. I struck at them, and I believe hit one; they ran off, but were pursued, and the prisoner was taken. I found the locks of my bureau broke open; there were six of my shirts packed up, but not taken away. I lost two spoons that I have never found again.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-34-person336"> WILLIAM BIRCH
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person336" type="surname" value="BIRCH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person336" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was coming a cross Windmill Hill; the prosecutor's wife stopped me, and told me there were thieves in the house: the prosecutor went and opened the door, and cried out, holloa! who is there. The light was immediately put out, and some men came out of the house; we struck at them: I pursued the prisoner; I am sure he is one that came out of the house; I never lost sight of him till I took him.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-34-person337"> William Holmes
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person337" type="surname" value="Holmes"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person337" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-person337" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed the evidence of the last witness.]</p>
<p>I am sorry the gentleman should perjure himself. I was coming by, I heard an outcry; I stopped to see what was the matter; two men ran out of the house; I ran after them, and a man laid hold of me, and said I was one of them.</p>
<p>[The prisoner called several witnesses who gave him a good character.]</p>
<rs id="t17780429-34-verdict163" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-34-verdict163" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-verdict163" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Not Guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house, but Guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-34-punish164" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-34-punish164" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-34-punish164" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-34-defend332 t17780429-34-punish164"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-35">
<interp inst="t17780429-35" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-35-off165-c267" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend340 t17780429-35-off165 t17780429-35-verdict169"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-35-off165-c268" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend342 t17780429-35-off165 t17780429-35-verdict169"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290030"/>332, 333, 334.
<persName id="t17780429-35-defend339" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM ALLEN
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend339" type="surname" value="ALLEN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend339" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<persName id="t17780429-35-defend340" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH VAUX
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend340" type="surname" value="VAUX"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend340" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17780429-35-defend342" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM LATTIMORE
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend342" type="surname" value="LATTIMORE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend342" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-defend342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-35-off165" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-35-off165" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-off165" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-35-victim344" type="victimName"> Samuel Humphrys
<interp inst="t17780429-35-victim344" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-victim344" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-victim344" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-off165 t17780429-35-victim344"/> </persName> on the
<rs id="t17780429-35-cd166" type="crimeDate">21st of February</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-off165 t17780429-35-cd166"/>, about the hour of eight in the night, and stealing fifty-two pair of metal shoe-buckles, value 1 l. 16 s. fourteen pair of metal knee-buckles, value 3 s. 6 d. fourteen pair of mourning shoe-buckles, value 5 s. 6 d. seven mourning stock-buckles, value 3 s. nine pair of child's metal clasps, value 18 d. thirteen paper snuff-boxes, value 7 s. two iron snuff boxes, value 2 s. eight enamelled snuff boxes, value 6 s. one enamelled nutmeg grater, value 6 d. five smelling bottles, value 4 s. fourteen pin-cases, value 4 s. 6 d. two tambour cases, value 1 s. 6 d. three watch trinkets, value 15 d. six steel watch-hooks, value 2 s. four ivory eggs, value 1 s. five button hole chissels, value 18 d. four brass watch keys, value 6 d. three pair of tweezers, value 9 d. three leather scissar sheaths, value 9 d. nine ivory thimbles, value 9 d. seventeen metal thimbles, value 10 d. six metal tea spoons, value 4 d. four clasp knives, value 2 s. 4 d. fourteen metal seals, value 3 s. two hair pins, value 6 d. four steel pencil cases, value 1 s. six pair of stone-buttons, set in pewter, value 18 d. three metal rings, set with stones, value 18 d. six hat buckles, value 6 d. four small fans, value 4 d. a stone stay hook, value 3 d. twenty-four gilt rings, value 2 s. eight cards of metal sleeve-buttons, value 5 s. four cards of mourning sleeve buttons, value 2 s. a tobacco stopper, value 4 d. eleven tortoiseshell combs, value 18 s. three tortoiseshell comb cases, value 3 s. and a show glass, value 20 s. the property of the same
<persName id="t17780429-35-person345"> Samuel Humphrys
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person345" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person345" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-35-person346"> JANE HUMPHRYS
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person346" type="surname" value="HUMPHRYS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person346" type="given" value="JANE"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person346" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of
<persName id="t17780429-35-person347"> Samuel Humphrys
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person347" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person347" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person347" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; we
<rs id="t17780429-35-viclabel167" type="occupation">keep a toy-shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-victim344 t17780429-35-viclabel167"/> in
<placeName id="t17780429-35-crimeloc168">Angel Court, Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-crimeloc168" type="placeName" value="Angel Court, Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-crimeloc168" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-off165 t17780429-35-crimeloc168"/>. I had retreated into a little corner, not a yard from the shop, with the door opening into a passage; the shop door was shut, and a bell to it. I believe the windows were shut, but they were not fastened; I did not hear any noise at all. I don't know when these things were taken away. I went into the shop about eight in the evening, and then, to my great surprise, saw the glass-case, the show-glass that used to stand in the window, was gone; that the window was then standing open, not put down; the cases used to stand in the window. This glass-case contained a great number of articles which I cannot give an account of exactly, because I left it at the office when the indictment was drawn up. I am sure there were more than ten snuff-boxes, and fifty or sixty paper snuffboxes in the show-glass; the show-glass was taken with them. I informed the neighbours of my having been robbed, and
<persName id="t17780429-35-person348"> Nicholas Bonwick
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person348" type="surname" value="Bonwick"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person348" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person348" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was soon taken. I saw the glass-case at the Justice's.
<persName id="t17780429-35-person349"> Nicholas Bonwick
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person349" type="surname" value="Bonwick"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person349" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person349" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had come to the shop three or four evenings before on little trifling errands, in order, as I suppose, to take a view of the premises, and see whether any thing might be easily taken away.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-35-person350"> NICHOLAS BONWICK
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person350" type="surname" value="BONWICK"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person350" type="given" value="NICHOLAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person350" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Allen told us he knew where there was a show-glass which might be easily taken away; myself and the prisoner went there; Vaux and I took the glass out of the window and carried it to St. John's Church-Yard; Lattimore was a little afraid to be concerned in it; he stood upon the watch ready to give us notice if any body arrived; we gave him a couple of snuff-boxes, and a penknife, not to tell any thing of the matter. We were carried before Justice Durden, where I told the truth, and was admitted an evidence.</p>
<persName id="t17780429-35-person351"> JOHN CHEWTER
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person351" type="surname" value="CHEWTER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person351" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person351" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable.
<persName id="t17780429-35-person352"> Henry Jones
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person352" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person352" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-person352" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I saw Bonwick brought as a prisoner to Justice Durden's. We went upon his information to search Vaux's lodgings, in Mitre street; there we found a parcel of buckles and other things, and Vaux himself whom we secured; afterwards we went to Allen's lodgings, in Duck Lane; he got upon the bed and secreted himself; in the next room we found a parcel of snuff-boxes, besides one which he had given to a woman in the house; then we went to Lattimore's lodgings, and found him in bed; we did not find any thing in his lodgings; but he acknowledged he had two snuff-boxes which he had hid among some ruins for fear of a discovery. He went with us
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177804290031"/> and showed us where he had dug a hole; we opened the hole and found the snuff-boxes.</p>
<p>The things that were found were not in the house where I live; I know nothing of them.</p>
<p>VAUX's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>The evidence gave them to me to take home till next morning.</p>
<p>Allen gave them to me; I put them in the hole in the ruins.</p>
<p>All three
<rs id="t17780429-35-verdict169" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-35-verdict169" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-verdict169" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> not Guilty of the burglary, but Guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice BLACKSTONE.</p>
<rs id="t17780429-35-punish170" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-35-punish170" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-punish170" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend339 t17780429-35-punish170"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend340 t17780429-35-punish170"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend342 t17780429-35-punish170"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17780429-35-punish171" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-35-punish171" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-35-punish171" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="militaryNavalDuty"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend339 t17780429-35-punish171"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend340 t17780429-35-punish171"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-35-defend342 t17780429-35-punish171"/>
<note>[Military/Naval duty. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780429-36">
<interp inst="t17780429-36" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780429"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36" type="date" value="17780429"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780429-36-off172-c278" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-36-defend354 t17780429-36-off172 t17780429-36-verdict175"/>
<persName id="t17780429-36-defend354" type="defendantName"> HENRY TURNER
<interp inst="t17780429-36-defend354" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36-defend354" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36-defend354" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780429-36-off172" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780429-36-off172" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36-off172" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17780429-36-victim356" type="victimName"> Anne Arnold
<interp inst="t17780429-36-victim356" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36-victim356" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17780429-36-victim356" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780429-36-off172 t17780429-36-victim356"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17780429-36-cd173" type="cr