<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f17780218-1">
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON; AND ALSO, The Gaol Delivery for the COUNTY of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE HALL in the OLD BAILEY, On Wednesday the 18th of February, 1778, and the following Days;
<p>Being the THIRD SESSION in the Mayoralty of The Right Honble Sir
<persName id="f17780218-1-person1"> JAMES ESDAILE
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person1" type="surname" value="ESDAILE"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person1" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="f17780218-1-person2"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person2" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person2" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> OF THE CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person3"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person3" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person3" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , And Published by Authority.</p>
<p>Printed for
<persName id="f17780218-1-person4"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person4" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person4" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ( the PROPRIETOR) And Sold by M. GURNEY, No. 34, Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar,</p>
<p>M. DCC. LXXVIII.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180002"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS UPON THE</p>
<p>KING's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery for the CITY of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780218-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES ESDAILE
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person5" type="surname" value="ESDAILE"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person5" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt.
<persName id="f17780218-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> LORD MAYOR
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person6" type="surname" value="MAYOR"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person6" type="given" value="LORD"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of the City of London; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780218-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> HENRY GOULD
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person7" type="surname" value="GOULD"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person7" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common Pleas; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780218-1-person8" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM HENRY
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person8" type="surname" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person8" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ASHHURST, Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17780218-1-person9" type="judiciaryName"> RICHARD PERRYN
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person9" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person9" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Thomas Vanes
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person10" type="surname" value="Vanes"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person10" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Thomas Whaley
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person11" type="surname" value="Whaley"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person11" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hooper
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person12" type="surname" value="Hooper"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person12" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Humphery Jones
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person13" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person13" type="given" value="Humphery"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Alexander Kennedy
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person14" type="surname" value="Kennedy"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person14" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Ivon Lemain
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person15" type="surname" value="Lemain"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person15" type="given" value="Ivon"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Ricchard Cock
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person16" type="surname" value="Cock"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person16" type="given" value="Ricchard"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person16" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person17" type="jurorName"> William Finch
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person17" type="surname" value="Finch"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person17" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person18" type="jurorName"> William French
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person18" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person18" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Samuel Goujon
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person19" type="surname" value="Goujon"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person19" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person20" type="jurorName"> John Brightwell
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person20" type="surname" value="Brightwell"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person20" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person21" type="jurorName"> John Jennings
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person21" type="surname" value="Jennings"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person21" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person22" type="jurorName"> John Robertson
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person22" type="surname" value="Robertson"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person22" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person23" type="jurorName"> John Groom
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person23" type="surname" value="Groom"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person23" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Thomas Cubbitt
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person24" type="surname" value="Cubbitt"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person24" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Edward Orgill
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person25" type="surname" value="Orgill"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person25" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William Sparrow
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person26" type="surname" value="Sparrow"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Robert Hanbury
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person27" type="surname" value="Hanbury"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person27" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Hayler
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person28" type="surname" value="Hayler"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Southerton Roberts
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person29" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person29" type="given" value="Southerton"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Richmond Barker
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person30" type="surname" value="Barker"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person30" type="given" value="Richmond"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person31" type="jurorName"> George Baron
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person31" type="surname" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person31" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person32" type="jurorName"> William Wilkinson
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person32" type="surname" value="Wilkinson"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person32" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Thomas Joice
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person33" type="surname" value="Joice"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person33" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person34" type="jurorName"> John Williams
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person34" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person34" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person35" type="jurorName"> James Drawwater
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person35" type="surname" value="Drawwater"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person35" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Samuel Brown
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person36" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person36" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person37" type="jurorName"> John Bedell
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person37" type="surname" value="Bedell"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person37" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person38" type="jurorName"> Philip Woodham
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person38" type="surname" value="Woodham"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person38" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person39" type="jurorName"> William Grant
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person39" type="surname" value="Grant"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person39" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person40" type="jurorName"> William Clark
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person40" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person40" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person41" type="jurorName"> James M'Donall
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person41" type="surname" value="M'Donall"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person41" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person42" type="jurorName"> John Bacon
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person42" type="surname" value="Bacon"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person42" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person43" type="jurorName"> John Utterton
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person43" type="surname" value="Utterton"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person44" type="jurorName"> James George Snowden
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person44" type="surname" value="George Snowden"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person44" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17780218-1-person45" type="jurorName"> Joseph Nourse
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person45" type="surname" value="Nourse"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person45" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17780218-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780218-1-defend47" type="defendantName"> THOMAS NELSON
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<interp inst="t17780218-1-defend47" type="age" value="15"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780218-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a linen sheet, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-1-victim49" type="victimName"> Thomas Evans
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-1-off1 t17780218-1-victim49"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">January the 30th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-1-off1 t17780218-1-cd2"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-1-person50"> THOMAS EVANS
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<interp inst="t17780218-1-person50" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live in
<placeName id="t17780218-1-crimeloc3">Glocester-court, Whitecross-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-crimeloc3" type="placeName" value="Glocester-court, Whitecross-street"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-crimeloc3" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-1-off1 t17780218-1-crimeloc3"/>. I had a good deal of linen in a little parlour; it was near the window that looks
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180003"/> into a court, which is a thoroughfare; a pane of glass was taken out of the window, and by that means they opened the casement, and stole the sheet. Mr. Moulton came and told me that a lad had stole a sheet out at my window; we pursued the prisoner, and took him with my sheet in his apron; there were two others with him who made their escape.</p>
<p>[The sheet was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<persName id="t17780218-1-person51"> GEORGE MOULTON
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person51" type="surname" value="MOULTON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person51" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I saw the prisoner pull the sheet out at the prosecutor's window, and put it into his apron; I informed Mr. Evans of it.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-1-person52"> Thomas Williams
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person52" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person52" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed the evidence of
<persName id="t17780218-1-person53"> Thomas Evans
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<interp inst="t17780218-1-person53" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-1-person54"> George Moulton
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person54" type="surname" value="Moulton"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person54" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>I was not near the window. My father is dead, and I have nobody here; I am but 15 years old.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-1-verdict4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-verdict4" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d </rs>.
<rs id="t17780218-1-punish5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-1-punish5" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-1-punish5" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-1-defend47 t17780218-1-punish5"/> W </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780218-2-defend56" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM DAVIS
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<interp inst="t17780218-2-defend56" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-2-defend56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780218-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a leather cloak-bag, value 10 s. six linen shirts, value 4 l. two cloth coats, value 4 l. two cloth waistcoats, value 30 s. two pair of cloth breeches, value 10 s. and two pair of leather, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-2-victim58" type="victimName"> Samuel Warren
<interp inst="t17780218-2-victim58" type="surname" value="Warren"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-2-victim58" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-2-victim58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-2-off6 t17780218-2-victim58"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">February the 1st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-2-off6 t17780218-2-cd7"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-2-person59"> SAMUEL WARREN
<interp inst="t17780218-2-person59" type="surname" value="WARREN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-2-person59" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On the first of February a portmanteau of mine, containing the cloaths mentioned in the indictment, was stole from behind Mr. Faden's carriage; I was on horseback before the carriage; Mr. Faden called to me, that the portmanteau was gone; I saw that the straps were cut; I rode back, and saw a man near the Whitehorse-cellar with this cloak-bag under his arm; I pursued him, and cried stop thief; he ran, and in crossing the way he fell down; he got up, and ran on, but was presently surrounded, and secured. I kept him in my sight from the time I laid hold of the cloak-bag till he was surrounded; I could not then see him, but heard he was secured; he was all over dirty, and I have no doubt but he is the person that had the cloak-bag.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner running or walking when you first saw him with the portmanteau? - He was walking with it under his arm.</p>
<p>Might not it drop from the carriage? - I saw it fastened with cords; the cords and straps were apparently cut.</p>
<p>I saw this portmanteau lying in the street; I put it under my arm, and walked gently with it till I came to the Whitehorse-cellar; there this gentleman rode up to me, and said, you have got my portmanteau; I threw it down, and I did run away to be sure; but I am innocent of cutting or stealing it.</p>
<p>The prisoner called seven witnesses who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Mr. Warren. I have heard a good character of the prisoner from his brother, and should be very glad that lenity may be shewn him.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780218-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<persName id="t17780218-3-defend61" type="defendantName"> JUDITH MORRIS
<interp inst="t17780218-3-defend61" type="surname" value="MORRIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-defend61" type="given" value="JUDITH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-defend61" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-3-off9" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-3-off9" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-off9" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pewter gallon pot, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-3-victim63" type="victimName"> John Abbott
<interp inst="t17780218-3-victim63" type="surname" value="Abbott"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-victim63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-victim63" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-3-off9 t17780218-3-victim63"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-3-cd10" type="crimeDate">February the 2d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-3-off9 t17780218-3-cd10"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-3-person64"> JOHN ABBOTT
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<interp inst="t17780218-3-person64" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-3-viclabel11" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17780218-3-crimeloc12">the Buffalo, a public-house, at the corner of Newman-street, Oxford-road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-crimeloc12" type="placeName" value="the Buffalo, a public-house, at the corner of Newman-street, Oxford-road"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-3-off9 t17780218-3-crimeloc12"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-3-victim63 t17780218-3-viclabel11"/>. On the 2d of February, in the evening, I heard beer slop near the door where we kept a gallon pot to put waste beer in; I went immediately to the door, and I took the prisoner at about two yards from the door with the gallon pot upon her; the excuse she made for taking it was that she was going to wash, and wanted something to fetch water in. I never saw her in my life before.</p>
<p>I am as innocent as the child that is unborn.</p>
<p>The prisoner called two witnesses, who gave her a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-3-verdict13" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-3-verdict13" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-verdict13" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-3-punish14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-3-punish14" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-3-punish14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-3-defend61 t17780218-3-punish14"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-3-punish15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-3-punish15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-3-defend61 t17780218-3-punish15"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-4-off22-c59" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-defend66 t17780218-4-off22 t17780218-4-verdict19"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180004"/>210, 211.
<persName id="t17780218-4-defend66" type="defendantName"> THOMAS FINCK
<interp inst="t17780218-4-defend66" type="surname" value="FINCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-defend66" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-defend66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-4-defend68" type="defendantName"> EDWARD LAKE
<interp inst="t17780218-4-defend68" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-defend68" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-defend68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-4-off16" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-off16" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> they on the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780218-4-victim70" type="victimName"> John Nash
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim70" type="surname" value="Nash"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim70" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a shilling, the property of the said John </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-4-cd17" type="crimeDate">February the 2d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off16 t17780218-4-cd17"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off22 t17780218-4-cd17"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off27 t17780218-4-cd17"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person71"> JOHN NASH
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person71" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person71" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Monday the 2d of February, Mr. Bowry and I went together in a returned chaise from London to Uxbridge. We were stopped upon
<placeName id="t17780218-4-crimeloc18">Hillindon-heath</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-crimeloc18" type="placeName" value="Hillindon-heath"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-crimeloc18" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off16 t17780218-4-crimeloc18"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off22 t17780218-4-crimeloc18"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off27 t17780218-4-crimeloc18"/>; it was then a little after five in the afternoon; two men came up on horseback; one of them, which was the prisoner Lake, came up to the side of the chaise I sat on; the other went to Mr. Bowry's side; my window was down; Lake said, halloa, Who is here? - I answered, What do you want? - Lake said, your money; I said, that you shall have. Then Lake put his hand into his great coat, and pulled out a pistol which he presented to me, and said, d - n your eyes, make haste; I gave him one shilling, which was all that I had about me; Lake said, I will be d - d if this will do, you have more; I said, if you think so, you are at liberty to search me. Then he asked me for my watch; I told him I never wore one. Then he demanded Mr. Bowry's money, which he gave him. Then he asked for Mr. Bowry's watch; Mr. Bowry told him he had a watch; Lake bid him hand it over to him, which Mr. Bowry did, and then they rode off.</p>
<p>Are you positive to the person of Lake? - I am; he is the very man that robbed us both; I knew him before; he lived with a baker at Pimlico, whom I served with flour; I recollected him when he took out his pistol and presented to me; it was quite light, and he had not any thing upon his face to disguise him.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person72"> FRANCIS BOWRY
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person72" type="surname" value="BOWRY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person72" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in the chaise with Mr. Nash. We were stopped by two highwaymen; the man that robbed me of my money and watch was on Mr. Nash's side of the chaise; the man who came to my side of the chaise only stood as a guard; he did not speak a single word; I can't speak to the persons of either of the prisoners.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person73"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person73" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person73" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am one of Sir
<persName id="t17780218-4-person74"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person74" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person74" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men. Information was laid at Sir
<persName id="t17780218-4-person75"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person75" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person75" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's of two men getting off their horses at a house in St. Martins-street, near Hedge-lane; I went together with two other men to this house; a girl in that house informed us that the two men were gone from thence to the Black Prince in Chandos-street; we immediately went there; I went up stairs, and there I found Lake; I searched him, and in his pocket I found this watch.</p>
<p>[It was produced in court, and deposed to by
<persName id="t17780218-4-person76"> Francis Bowry
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person76" type="surname" value="Bowry"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person76" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .]</p>
<p>Lake was in boots and spurs, which were exceedingly dirty. I took the other prisoner the next morning.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person77"> WILLIAM DAVIS
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person77" type="surname" value="DAVIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person77" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner Finck hired a chesnut-coloured horse, with a bald face, of me; I delivered it to him in Leicester-fields, on Saturday was fortnight; he had it again another day; he brought the horse home at about eight or nine o'clock on both days, and very cool.</p>
<p>- BARRET sworn.</p>
<p>Finck hired a mare of me; on Monday the 2d of this month, to go, as he said, to Brentford to see a relation.</p>
<p>As there was not any evidence to affect Finck, he was not put upon his defence.</p>
<p>LAKE's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I am innocent of every thing that is laid to my charge: that watch was given me by an acquaintance to get cleaned about half an hour before I was taken up. I have no friends in town.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-4-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-4-verdict20" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-verdict20" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-4-punish21" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-punish21" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-defend68 t17780218-4-punish21"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-4-person78"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person78" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person78" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person79"> THOMAS FINCK
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person79" type="surname" value="FINCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person79" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-4-person80"> EDWARD LAKE
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person80" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person80" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-4-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> they in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780218-4-victim82" type="victimName"> Francis Bowry
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim82" type="surname" value="Bowry"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim82" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silver watch, value
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180005"/> 40 s. a steel chain, value 2 d. and one shilling, the property of the said Francis </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-4-cd23" type="crimeDate">February the 2d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off16 t17780218-4-cd23"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off22 t17780218-4-cd23"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off27 t17780218-4-cd23"/>.</p>
<p>The evidence was the same as upon the last trial.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-4-verdict24" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-verdict24" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-4-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-4-punish26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-punish26" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-defend68 t17780218-4-punish26"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-4-person83"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person83" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person83" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person84"> THOMAS FINCK
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person84" type="surname" value="FINCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person84" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-4-person85"> EDWARD LAKE
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person85" type="surname" value="LAKE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person85" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-4-off27" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> they in the King's highway, upon
<persName id="t17780218-4-victim87" type="victimName"> William Cock
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim87" type="surname" value="Cock"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim87" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-victim87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a guinea, a half guinea, and 20 s. in monies, numbered, the property of the said William </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person88"> WILLIAM COCK
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person88" type="surname" value="COCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person88" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was stopped in my cart by two men, at between six and seven o'clock in the evening, on Monday the 2d of this month, between the 11th and 12th mile stone on the
<placeName id="t17780218-4-crimeloc28">Uxbridge road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-crimeloc28" type="placeName" value="Uxbridge road"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-crimeloc28" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off16 t17780218-4-crimeloc28"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off22 t17780218-4-crimeloc28"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-off27 t17780218-4-crimeloc28"/>: they bid us stop; they d - d our eyes, and demanded our money; I gave them a guinea and half, and a handful of silver. Lake was one of the men; I gave my money not to Lake, but to the other man; he was not satisfied with that, upon which I gave him another handful. Lake threatened me all the while; they were on horseback, and each held a pistol in his hand, it was between dusk and candle light. I am positive to the prisoner Lake; I can't speak to the person of the other prisoner.</p>
<p>From Lake. What coloured cloaths had I on? - I can't be positive as to his cloaths; I did not take so much notice of them as of his face; I heard the next morning that they were taken.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person89"> MARY CLARK
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person89" type="surname" value="CLARK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person89" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was with my husband when he was robbed; I am positive Lake is one of the men that robbed him. Lake held a pistol to my head; I can't swear to the other prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person90"> ANN PRIOR
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person90" type="surname" value="PRIOR"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person90" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person90" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was with Mr. Cock when he was robbed; I can't swear to either of the men; I think Finck is one of them, but I can't take upon me to be positive.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person91"> CHARLES JEALOUS
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person91" type="surname" value="JEALOUS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person91" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I apprehended the prisoners.</p>
<p>From Lake. What coloured cloaths had I on when you apprehended me? - Brown; but there was a blue great coat, with brass buttons, hanging up in the house he first stopped at.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person92"> JOHN CLARKE
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person92" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person92" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Two men came to my house, at Hanwell, on a Monday, in the beginning of this month; I believe one had a dark coloured great coat on; I can't be positive to the dress of the other, but I believe the inside coat was of a pompadour colour *.</p>
<p>* Lake had on a pompadour coloured coat at the time of his trial.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-4-person93"> William Davis
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person93" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person93" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-4-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I let a horse to Finck on Monday was fortnight.</p>
<p>- BARRET sworn.</p>
<p>Finck had a horse of me on Monday was fortnight, a brown mare, with a black mane and tail.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Did you take notice of the colour of the horses? - Lake was upon a chesnut horse, with a bald face; the other rode a bay horse, but I did not take much notice of that.</p>
<p>Finck was not put upon his defence.</p>
<p>LAKE's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I leave it to the mercy of the Jury; it is the first time that I was ever before a court.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-4-verdict29" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-verdict29" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-4-verdict30" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-4-punish31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-4-punish31" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-4-defend68 t17780218-4-punish31"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-5">
<interp inst="t17780218-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-5-off32-c83" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-5-defend95 t17780218-5-off32 t17780218-5-verdict36"/>
<persName id="t17780218-5-defend95" type="defendantName"> NATHANIEL REYNOLDS
<interp inst="t17780218-5-defend95" type="surname" value="REYNOLDS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-defend95" type="given" value="NATHANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-defend95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-5-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-5-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a piece of silk and stuff; containing 20 yards, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-5-victim97" type="victimName"> William Shrigley
<interp inst="t17780218-5-victim97" type="surname" value="Shrigley"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-victim97" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-victim97" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-5-off32 t17780218-5-victim97"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-5-cd33" type="crimeDate">February the 3d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-5-off32 t17780218-5-cd33"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-5-person98"> WILLIAM SHRIGLEY
<interp inst="t17780218-5-person98" type="surname" value="SHRIGLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-person98" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780218-5-viclabel34" type="occupation">silk-mercer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-5-victim97 t17780218-5-viclabel34"/> in
<placeName id="t17780218-5-crimeloc35">Bishopsgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-crimeloc35" type="placeName" value="Bishopsgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-crimeloc35" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-5-off32 t17780218-5-crimeloc35"/>. On Tuesday evening, at about six o'clock, while I was busy in my shop, I heard the cry of stop thief; I went out and followed the cry. The prisoner was taken in New-street, at about 20 rods beyond my door; I did not know at that time that I was robbed; I heard the people say the mercer's shop had been robbed; I brought
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180006"/> the prisoner, and the person who took him to my house. The person that pursued him desired me to recollect if I had lost any thing; I could not then recollect that I had. The prisoner was taken to the Compter; in a little time my man and I recollected that we had lost a piece of silk and stuff; I have never recovered my property again.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-5-person99"> JOHN GODDARD
<interp inst="t17780218-5-person99" type="surname" value="GODDARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-person99" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>As I was coming from Shoreditch, on the 3d of February, at a little after six o'clock, I saw the prisoner in the prosecutor's doorway, and there were two other lads, one on each side of the window; the door stood ajar; I saw the prisoner stoop down, and drag a piece of brown stuff off the counter; he was pursued, and taken soon after; I am certain he is the person. They went off on a sudden; I do not know what became of the stuff.</p>
<p>I am innocent of the charge.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-5-verdict36" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-5-verdict36" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-5-punish37" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-5-punish37" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-5-punish37" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="hardLabour"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-5-defend95 t17780218-5-punish37"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-6">
<interp inst="t17780218-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-6-off38-c87" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-6-defend101 t17780218-6-off38 t17780218-6-verdict40"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-6-off39-c88" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-6-defend103 t17780218-6-off39 t17780218-6-verdict40"/>
<p>213, 214.
<persName id="t17780218-6-defend101" type="defendantName"> ROBERT WILLIAMS
<interp inst="t17780218-6-defend101" type="surname" value="WILLIAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-defend101" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-defend101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-6-defend103" type="defendantName"> SARAH EDWARDS
<interp inst="t17780218-6-defend103" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-defend103" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-defend103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted, the first for
<rs id="t17780218-6-off38" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-6-off38" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-off38" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a piece of printed linen cloth, containing 20 yards, value 35 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-6-victim105" type="victimName"> Barnard Stead
<interp inst="t17780218-6-victim105" type="surname" value="Stead"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-victim105" type="given" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-victim105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the other for
<rs id="t17780218-6-off39" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-6-off39" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-6-off39" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same well knowing it to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-6-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-6-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-7">
<interp inst="t17780218-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-7-off41-c90" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-7-defend107 t17780218-7-off41 t17780218-7-verdict44"/>
<persName id="t17780218-7-defend107" type="defendantName"> STEPHEN PASCAN
<interp inst="t17780218-7-defend107" type="surname" value="PASCAN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-defend107" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-defend107" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-defend107" type="age" value="14"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-defend107" type="age" value="18"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-7-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-7-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a bacon ham, 30 lb. wt. value 15 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-7-victim109" type="victimName"> Thomas King
<interp inst="t17780218-7-victim109" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-victim109" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-victim109" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-7-off41 t17780218-7-victim109"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-7-cd42" type="crimeDate">January the 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-7-off41 t17780218-7-cd42"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-7-person110"> THOMAS KING
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person110" type="surname" value="KING"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person110" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780218-7-viclabel43" type="occupation">cheesemonger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-7-victim109 t17780218-7-viclabel43"/>. I lost a ham out of my window; I saw it about ten minutes before I missed it.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-7-person111"> THOMAS DAY
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person111" type="surname" value="DAY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person111" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live opposite the prosecutor's; some ladies said there was a person stealing a ham; I ran out, and saw the prisoner take the ham out of the window; I laid hold of him, upon which he dropped it.</p>
<p>[The ham was produced in court by
<persName id="t17780218-7-person112"> Richard Davison
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person112" type="surname" value="Davison"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person112" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the constable to whom it was delivered, and was deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>I never meddled with the ham; a gentleman laid hold of me, and charged me with it, and said he would hang me, if it was only for the sake of the 40 l. reward; I am but 14 years old; it is impossible that I should lift it.</p>
<p>Day. He has lived in the neighbourhood; I have known him from a child; he is about 18 years old.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-7-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-7-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-7-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-7-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-7-punish45" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-7-defend107 t17780218-7-punish45"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-7-punish46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-7-punish46" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-7-defend107 t17780218-7-punish46"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-8">
<interp inst="t17780218-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-8-off47-c95" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-8-defend114 t17780218-8-off47 t17780218-8-verdict50"/>
<persName id="t17780218-8-defend114" type="defendantName"> JOHN BAILEY
<interp inst="t17780218-8-defend114" type="surname" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-defend114" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-defend114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-8-off47" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-8-off47" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing ten pair of worsted stockings, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-8-victim116" type="victimName"> Robert Moffett
<interp inst="t17780218-8-victim116" type="surname" value="Moffett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-victim116" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-victim116" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-8-off47 t17780218-8-victim116"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-8-cd48" type="crimeDate">January the 30th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-8-off47 t17780218-8-cd48"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-8-person117"> ROBERT MOFFETT
<interp inst="t17780218-8-person117" type="surname" value="MOFFETT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-person117" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-8-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780218-8-viclabel49" type="occupation">hosier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-8-victim116 t17780218-8-viclabel49"/>. On Friday the 30th of January the prisoner came into my shop, under pretence of changing a pair of stockings he had bought the night before; I suspected he had no good design and watched him; I changed the stockings, and wrapped another pair up in a paper for him; there were some parcels on the counter; as I suspected him, I gave him an opportunity, and watched to see if he would take any thing; he took a parcel of stockings, and went out; I followed him, and found the parcel of stockings upon him.</p>
<p>I went in to change a pair of stockings; as I came out I found a parcel at the door; I took it up; the gentleman looked through the window, and saw me pick it up, and called to me to stop, which I did; and then he said I had stole it.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-8-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-8-verdict50" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-9">
<interp inst="t17780218-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-9-off51-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-9-defend119 t17780218-9-off51 t17780218-9-verdict53"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180007"/>217.
<persName id="t17780218-9-defend119" type="defendantName"> SARAH HANCOCK
<interp inst="t17780218-9-defend119" type="surname" value="HANCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-defend119" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-defend119" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-9-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-9-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing six pewter quart pots, value 6 s. and six pewter pint pots, value 3 s. the property of
<persName id="t17780218-9-victim121" type="victimName"> John Scafford
<interp inst="t17780218-9-victim121" type="surname" value="Scafford"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-victim121" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-victim121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; three pewter quart pots, value 6 s. three pewter pint pots, value 3 s. and a half-pint pot, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-9-victim123" type="victimName"> George Sandy
<interp inst="t17780218-9-victim123" type="surname" value="Sandy"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-victim123" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-9-victim123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-9-cd52" type="crimeDate">February the 9th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-9-off51 t17780218-9-cd52"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-9-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-9-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-10">
<interp inst="t17780218-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-10-off54-c101" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-10-defend125 t17780218-10-off54 t17780218-10-verdict56"/>
<persName id="t17780218-10-defend125" type="defendantName"> THOMAS EDWARDS
<interp inst="t17780218-10-defend125" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-defend125" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-defend125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-10-off54" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-10-off54" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-off54" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing seven pieces of silk ribbon containing 70 yards, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-10-victim127" type="victimName"> Thomas Butlin
<interp inst="t17780218-10-victim127" type="surname" value="Butlin"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-victim127" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-victim127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-10-victim129" type="victimName"> Richard Adams
<interp inst="t17780218-10-victim129" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-victim129" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-10-victim129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-10-cd55" type="crimeDate">January the 31st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-10-off54 t17780218-10-cd55"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-10-verdict56" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-10-verdict56" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-11">
<interp inst="t17780218-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-11-off57-c104" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-11-defend131 t17780218-11-off57 t17780218-11-verdict60"/>
<persName id="t17780218-11-defend131" type="defendantName"> JOHN RICE
<interp inst="t17780218-11-defend131" type="surname" value="RICE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-defend131" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-defend131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-11-off57" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-11-off57" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-off57" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> burglariously breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17780218-11-victim133" type="victimName"> Henry Ashton
<interp inst="t17780218-11-victim133" type="surname" value="Ashton"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-victim133" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-victim133" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-11-off57 t17780218-11-victim133"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17780218-11-cd58" type="crimeDate">18th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-11-off57 t17780218-11-cd58"/>, about the hour of seven in the night, with intent the goods of the said Henry feloniously to steal </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-11-person134"> ELIZABETH ASHTON
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person134" type="surname" value="ASHTON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person134" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person134" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the wife of of
<persName id="t17780218-11-person135"> Henry Ashton
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person135" type="surname" value="Ashton"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person135" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . We live in
<placeName id="t17780218-11-crimeloc59">Orange-court, Swallow-street, in the parish of St. James's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-crimeloc59" type="placeName" value="Orange-court, Swallow-street, in the parish of St. James's"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-crimeloc59" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-11-off57 t17780218-11-crimeloc59"/>. On Sunday night the 18th of January last, about half after six at night, I locked the door of my apartment. The house is let out in a variety of apartments to different lodgers; I locked the door, and took the key out of the door, and put it into my pocket, and went up stairs to drink tea with Mrs. Watts, who is a lodger in the house; a person, whose name is Underwood, brought a letter to Mrs. Watts; as Mrs. Watts was lighting him down stairs again, when she came near the bottom of the stairs, she called out to me, that my parlour door and my street door were open; I immediately came down stairs, and desired that if any body was found there, that they would secure them. The person who brought the letter took him in the middle of the room; he had not taken any thing.</p>
<p>From the prisoner. Whether you have not declared that you could not positively say that the door was locked? - To the best of my knowledge I locked the door; but I did say, I could not swear it till I had enquired of the smith whether there was, or not, a possibility, that if I turned the key in the door, it could happen that the door might not be locked; the smith said, it could not be that in so good a lock as that, the key could be turned in it, but the door must be locked; therefore from the best of my knowledge the door was locked.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-11-person136"> MARY WATTS
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person136" type="surname" value="WATTS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person136" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lodge in Mr. Ashton's house. As I was lighting a person down stairs last Monday was se'nnight in the evening, when I came within three stairs of the bottom, I saw that the door of Mrs. Ashton's parlour and the street door were open; I called and told her of it; Mrs. Ashton immediately called out, if any body is there, pray stop them; I went into the parlour, and saw the prisoner in the middle of the room; I called out, that there was a man there who did not belong to the house; then Mr. Underwood, who was at the door, came back, and we secured the prisoner. He refused to be searched till a constable came; then he was searched, and several pick-lock keys and a tinder-box, in which there was some lighted tinder, and a turn-screw were found upon him, and there was a wax-taper found in the room. The scutcheon upon the key hole of the door of this parlour was removed from its usual place as if done by violence. The prisoner did not make much resistance when he was taken, but he went down on his knees, and asked forgiveness of Mrs. Ashton.</p>
<p>Was it candle-light at that time? - It was.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-11-person137"> David Miles
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person137" type="surname" value="Miles"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person137" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a constable, deposed that he was sent for to the prosecutor's house, at about seven o'clock, to take charge of the prisoner, that upon searching the prisoner, he found several pick-lock keys, a tin-box with lighted tinder in it, a flint and steel, a screw-driver, and a knife; and that there was a dirty bag in the room, which the prisoner said had been used to carry coals.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-11-person138"> ROBERT UNDERWOOD
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person138" type="surname" value="UNDERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person138" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Upon Sunday the 18th of January last, I went with a letter to Mrs. Watts; as Mrs.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180008"/> Watts was lighting me down stairs again, she cried out, Mrs. Ashton, your parlour door is open, and here is a man here that does not belong to your house; I went back and saw the prisoner in the parlour, and Mrs. Watts have hold of his coat; I laid hold of the prisoner, and said he should not go till he gave a good account of himself; he then said, that he came to see for one Mrs. Smith: a laundress; afterwards, he said, he wanted one Mr. Williams.</p>
<p>To the prosecutor. Did any such person lodge at your house? - No.</p>
<p>Underwood. The prisoner was desired to empty his pockets, which he refused to do; he was searched when the constable came, and the things which have been produced were taken out of his pocket. There was a bag found in the room, but I did not hear any body say who it belonged to.</p>
<p>ELIZABETH HOWELL sworn.</p>
<p>I lodge in Mrs. Ashton's house; I was the last person with Mrs. Ashton in the room; I came out with her, and saw her turn the key in the lock; therefore to the best of my Judgment she looked it; I am sure that the door was shut.</p>
<p>I picked up this bag with a parcel of breeches and things in it; I went up to this house; a man stood at the door; I asked him whether Mrs. Smith lodged there; he said, he could not tell; I went into the passage, then another man came out; I went to the stair-foot; then Mrs. Watts came down, and called out to Mrs. Ashton, here is a man, and your door is open. Then the man laid hold of me, and asked me what business I had there? I told him. Then the bag was produced, and a man was taken to the watch-house, but they let him out next day upon bail, and he has not since been heard of; I was never in the parlour; I was only in the passage.</p>
<p>Court. Was any other person taken up?</p>
<p>Ashton. Yes; a man who was seen at the door was taken up on suspicion; there was nothing against him, and he was discharged.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-11-verdict60" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-11-verdict60" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-11-punish61" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-11-punish61" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-11-defend131 t17780218-11-punish61"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-11-person139"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person139" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person139" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-11-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-12">
<interp inst="t17780218-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-12-off63-c112" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-defend141 t17780218-12-off63 t17780218-12-verdict70"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-12-off65-c112" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-defend141 t17780218-12-off65 t17780218-12-verdict70"/>
<persName id="t17780218-12-defend141" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH BURLEIGH
<interp inst="t17780218-12-defend141" type="surname" value="BURLEIGH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-defend141" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-defend141" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-12-deflabel62" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-defend141 t17780218-12-deflabel62"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-12-off63" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-12-off63" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-off63" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver table spoon, value 10 s. </rs>the property of
<persName id="t17780218-12-victim143" type="victimName"> Robert Evans
<interp inst="t17780218-12-victim143" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-victim143" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-victim143" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off63 t17780218-12-victim143"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off65 t17780218-12-victim143"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-12-cd64" type="crimeDate">January the 18th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off63 t17780218-12-cd64"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off65 t17780218-12-cd64"/>.</p>
<p>2d Count. For
<rs id="t17780218-12-off65" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-12-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a piece of fine gold, weighing 1 oz. 3 penny wts. and 18 grains </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-12-cd66" type="crimeDate">January the 23d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off63 t17780218-12-cd66"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off65 t17780218-12-cd66"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-12-person144"> ROBERT EVANS
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person144" type="surname" value="EVANS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person144" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780218-12-viclabel67" type="occupation">gold-beater</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-victim143 t17780218-12-viclabel67"/>, and live in
<placeName id="t17780218-12-crimeloc68">Long Acre</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="Long Acre"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off63 t17780218-12-crimeloc68"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-off65 t17780218-12-crimeloc68"/>; the prisoner was hired into my service as a
<rs id="t17780218-12-deflabel69" type="occupation">nurse maid</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-defend141 t17780218-12-deflabel69"/>, on the 17th of January last. We missed a silver table spoon the next morning; we did not at that time suspect the prisoner, but on the 23d of January, in the evening, she absconded, and never afterwards returned. On the next day (the 24th) I missed a piece of gold; I had left a parcel of gold (contrary to my usual course) on the mantle-piece in my dining-room; the parcel contained 10 oz. in different pieces, but this piece was the largest in the parcel; with great difficulty I found out the prisoner; I charged her with this fact; she confessed she had stole the piece of gold from off the mantle-piece, and that it was at a pawnbroker's in Clare-market, who had stopped it; she refused to go to the pawnbroker's, but fell upon her knees, and begged I would forgive her. I afterwards found the gold at the pawnbroker's according to her directions.</p>
<p>Several pawnbrokers came to me, giving me an account of things which had been pawned with them by the prisoner, and among the rest this table spoon mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<p>[It was produced in court, and deposed to by he prosecutor.]</p>
<p>[The spoon was likewise produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>A pawnbroker deposed, that he took the table spoon in pawn from the prisoner; and another pawnbroker deposed, that he stopped the piece of gold which was brought to his shop, by one
<persName id="t17780218-12-person145"> Jane Murphey
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person145" type="surname" value="Murphey"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person145" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17780218-12-person146"> Jane Murphey
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person146" type="surname" value="Murphey"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person146" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-person146" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> deposed, that she received the piece of gold from the prisoner, and took it at her request to the pawnbroker's.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180009"/>PRISONER's DEFENCE.</p>
<p>I found the piece of gold as I was sweeping down the stairs; I intended to carry the silver spoon back again.</p>
<p>The prisoner called three witnesses, who gave her a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-12-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-12-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-12-punish71" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-12-punish71" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-12-punish71" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-defend141 t17780218-12-punish71"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-12-punish72" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-12-punish72" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-12-defend141 t17780218-12-punish72"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-13">
<interp inst="t17780218-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-13-off73-c117" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-13-defend148 t17780218-13-off73 t17780218-13-verdict76"/>
<persName id="t17780218-13-defend148" type="defendantName"> THOMAS OSBORNE
<interp inst="t17780218-13-defend148" type="surname" value="OSBORNE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-defend148" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-defend148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-13-off73" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-13-off73" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-off73" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780218-13-victim150" type="victimName"> Teresia Barkham
<interp inst="t17780218-13-victim150" type="surname" value="Barkham"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-victim150" type="given" value="Teresia"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-victim150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-13-off73 t17780218-13-victim150"/> </persName> , spinster, feloniously did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person two guineas and two dollars in monies, numbered, the property of the said Teresia </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-13-cd74" type="crimeDate">February the 8th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-13-off73 t17780218-13-cd74"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-13-person151"> TERESIA BARKHAM
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person151" type="surname" value="BARKHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person151" type="given" value="TERESIA"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person151" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Last Sunday was a week, Mr. Atkinson and I were stopped, in a post-chaise, between three and four in the afternoon, upon the
<placeName id="t17780218-13-crimeloc75">Edgware road</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-crimeloc75" type="placeName" value="Edgware road"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-crimeloc75" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-13-off73 t17780218-13-crimeloc75"/>. Two highwaymen came up to my side of the chaise first; then one came on each side; the person who was on my side, said, give me your money and watches, and be quick; I gave him two guineas and two dollars; as soon as I had given him that, they rode off; I cannot say whether the prisoner is the person.</p>
<p>Did you see any thing of them afterwards? - Yes; there was a chaise before us, which was coming towards us. The gentlemen who were in that chaise, suspecting they were highwaymen, got out as they rode towards that chaise, upon which they turned back again.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-13-person152"> BENJAMIN ATKINSON
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person152" type="surname" value="ATKINSON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person152" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in a post-chaise with the prosecutrix; about three o'clock in the afternoon, upon the Edgware road, we were stopped by two men; Miss Barkham was robbed. The prisoner came first up to my side of the chaise; then he went to the other side where he demanded the money of Miss Barkham; he had a silk handkerchief tied across his face; I took notice of him as he passed the chaise, before he stopped us; he had not any thing over his face at that time; I suspected they were two highwaymen when they passed us; I said so to Miss Barkham; I recollected his face when he passed by.</p>
<p>You say you recollected his face; had you ever seen him before? - Yes; I had seen him several times about the streets of London, and had taken notice of him; I have seen him about with four or five men, who used to be suspected.</p>
<p>Did you see enough of him before he put the handkerchief on his face, to be sure as to his person? - Yes; and besides he dropped the silk handkerchief off from his face while he was committing the robbery; I am quite sure he is the man; they rode off towards a returned chaise which was coming up; four or five men jumped out of that chaise, and they then turned back, passed our chaise, and rode towards Edgware. The post boys took one horse out of our chaise, and another out of the other chaise, and pursued them.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-13-person153"> WILLIAM TOPHAM
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person153" type="surname" value="TOPHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I drove the chaise Miss Barkham and Mr. Atkinson were in; two highwaymen passed the chaise, and soon turned about again; the one with a mask on, the other with a handkerchief tied round his face; one came up on each side of the chaise; he that had the mask on said, he would blow out my brains, if I looked back; a returned chaise was coming up; as the highwaymen were going towards that chaise, I called out stop thief; then they turned back, passed us, and went towards Edgware; the other post-boy got behind me, upon one of my horses, and we pursued the highwaymen for about a mile; then the other boy got off the horse, and I continued to pursue them. I never lost sight of them; particularly the prisoner, till such time as he got over into the fields. I overtook them in Hendon town; they galloped on as fast as they could; the man that made his escape rode amongst the country people, with two pistols in his hands, threatening to shoot them; at the same time the prisoner rode up to me, and shot me in the side with his pistol; saying, if I would not go back, he would blow my brains out; I pursued him further, half a mile; then the prisoner's horse failed, and he quitted him, and got over into the field; I still pursued him, and he was taken. At the time he shot
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180010"/> at me his face was uncovered; and I then saw him distinctly, and am sure he is the man; after that, when he got over into the field, he was not above a minute out of my fight; he was dressed in a blue coat.</p>
<p>ALDERIDGE HAWKES sworn.</p>
<p>I drove the returned chaise. I drove up towards the other chaise; when the two men came, they rode about ten yards towards me; both their faces were uncovered; I plainly then discerned the prisoner; I am sure he was one of the men; and there were no other men on horseback there besides those two persons; they turned back; the other post-boy and I rode upon one of the horses for about a mile; then I alighted; the other boy rode on. A man coming up upon one of my horses, I mounted that, and immediately followed them; and I saw one of the men fire at the other boy. The prisoner had a blue coat with blue buttons on.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-13-person154"> JOHN SADLER
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person154" type="surname" value="SADLER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person154" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a countryman, and live at Hendon; hearing a cry of highwaymen, I pursued, and took the prisoner in the fields; he had a blue furtout coat on. I likewise saw
<persName id="t17780218-13-person155"> William Topham
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person155" type="surname" value="Topham"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person155" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in the field when the prisoner was taken. I took two pistols from the prisoner's hands, and a powder-horn out of his pocket.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-13-person156"> THOMAS DARWIN
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person156" type="surname" value="DARWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person156" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a countryman. I saw the prisoner fire a pistol at the post-chaiseman; I pursued him, and took him, and found two pistols upon him.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-13-person157"> DENNIS
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person157" type="given" value="DENNIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-13-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> M'DONALD sworn.</p>
<p>I am a constable. I brought him up to town; I know nothing as to the fact.</p>
<p>I was taking a walk into the country; I went to Hendon; coming down the town, I saw two men riding a horseback; one threw his pistol away. These men followed me, and told me, if I did not stop, they would knock me down; I asked them the meaning of it; they said a robbery had been committed, and they thought I was the man; I immediately delivered the butt end of my pistol into their hands, and surrendered myself to them.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-13-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-13-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-13-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-13-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-13-defend148 t17780218-13-punish77"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780218-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17780218-14-defend159" type="defendantName"> THOMAS SHERWOOD
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<interp inst="t17780218-14-defend159" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-defend159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-14-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-14-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously and falsely making, forging and counterfeiting, and causing and procuring to be falsely made, forged and counterfeited, and willingly acting and assisting in the false making, forging and counterfeiting, a certain deed </rs>, with the names
<persName id="t17780218-14-person160"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person160" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person160" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , D. D. and
<persName id="t17780218-14-person161"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person161" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person161" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> thereunto subscribed, purporting to be a letter of attorney, and to bear date the 3d day of April 1777, and to have been signed by one
<persName id="t17780218-14-person162"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person162" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person162" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and one
<persName id="t17780218-14-person163"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person163" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person163" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and to have been sealed and delivered by the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-person164"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person164" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person164" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-14-person165"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person165" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person165" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; the tenor of which said false, forged and counterfeited deed is as followeth: that is to say,</p>
<p>"Know all men, by these presents, that</p>
<p>"we, the Reverend
<persName id="t17780218-14-person166"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person166" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person166" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>"of Coney Court, Gray's-Inn, D. D.</p>
<p>"and the Reverend
<persName id="t17780218-14-person167"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person167" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person167" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of</p>
<p>"Bow, do make, constitute and appoint,</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person168"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person168" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person168" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of Houndsditch,</p>
<p>"draper, our true and lawful</p>
<p>"attorney, for us, in our names and</p>
<p>"on our behalf, to sell, assign and</p>
<p>"transfer, all, or any part, of seven</p>
<p>"hundred pounds; being all our joint-interest,</p>
<p>"or share, in the capital, or</p>
<p>"joint-stock, of 3 per cent. Annuities,</p>
<p>"erected by an Act of Parliament of</p>
<p>"the 25th year of the reign of his</p>
<p>"Majesty King
<persName id="t17780218-14-person169"> George II
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person169" type="surname" value="II"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person169" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . intitled,</p>
<p>"an Act for converting the several</p>
<p>"annuities therein mentioned into several</p>
<p>"joint-stocks of annuities, transferable</p>
<p>"at the Bank of England, to</p>
<p>"be charged on the Sinking Fund, and</p>
<p>"by several subsequent acts; also to</p>
<p>"receive the consideration money, and</p>
<p>"give a receipt, or receipts, for the</p>
<p>"same; and to do all lawful acts</p>
<p>"requisite for effecting the premises,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180011"/> " hereby ratifying and confirming all</p>
<p>"that our said attorney shall do therein</p>
<p>"by virtue hereof. In witness whereof,</p>
<p>"we have hereunto set our hands</p>
<p>"and seals, the 3d day of April, in</p>
<p>"the year of our Lord, one thousand</p>
<p>"seven hundred and seventy seven.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person170"> JOHN MYONNET
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person170" type="surname" value="MYONNET"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person170" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17780218-14-person171"> D.D.
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person171" type="given" value="D.D."/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person171" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> (L.S.)
<persName id="t17780218-14-person172"> JAMES FRENCH
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person172" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person172" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , (L.S.)</p>
<p>"Signed, sealed and delivered (the</p>
<p>"paper being first duly stamped)</p>
<p>"in the presence of us</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person173"> Thomas Hewlett
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person173" type="surname" value="Hewlett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person173" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Salesman, Houndsditch.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person174"> Francis Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person174" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person174" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Salesman, Houndsditch."</p>
<p>with intention to defraud the Governor and Company of the Bank of England, against the Statute.</p>
<p>2d Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing, as true, the same forged deed, knowing the same to be false, forged and counterfeited, with the like intention against the Statute.</p>
<p>3d. Count. The same as the first, only laying it to be with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-victim176" type="victimName"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim176" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim176" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-14-victim178" type="victimName"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim178" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim178" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the Statute.</p>
<p>4th Count. The same as the second, with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-person179"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person179" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person179" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-14-person180"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person180" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person180" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the Statute.</p>
<p>5th Count. For feloniously forging, &c. as in the first Count, with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17780218-14-person181"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person181" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person181" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the Statute.</p>
<p>6th Count. For feloniously uttering, &c. as in the second Count, with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-person182"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person182" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person182" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the the Statute.</p>
<p>7th Count. For feloniously forging, as in the first, third and fifth Counts, with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17780218-14-victim184" type="victimName"> William Watson
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim184" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim184" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-victim184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the Statute.</p>
<p>8th Count. For feloniously uttering, &c. as in the second, fourth and sixth Counts, with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-person185"> William Watson
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person185" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person185" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the Statute, &c.</p>
<p>9th and 10th Counts. The same as the first and second count, with these additional words over the letter of attorney,</p>
<p>"3 l. per cent. Annuities."</p>
<p>11th Count. For feloniously forging the same letter of attorney, purporting to be a letter of attorney from the said Dr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person186"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person186" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person186" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-14-person187"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person187" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person187" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-person188"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person188" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person188" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to sell, assign and transfer, all, or any part, of a certain transferable share, to wit, 700 l. transferable share of them, the said
<persName id="t17780218-14-person189"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person189" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person189" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-14-person190"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person190" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person190" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of and in a capital stock of annuities, established by certain Acts of Parliament (reciting the titles and dates of the said Acts of Parliament) against the Statute.</p>
<p>12th Count. The same as the eleventh, only calling it a certain share, omitting the word transferable, against the Statute.</p>
<p>[The indictment was opened by Mr. Silvester.]</p>
<p>Mr. WALLACE,</p>
<p>MAY it please your Lordship, and you, Gentlemen of the Jury, I am of counsel on the same side in support of this prosecution, against the prisoner at the bar
<persName id="t17780218-14-person191"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person191" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person191" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who stands now charged before you with forging, or in assisting to forge and publishing, a false deed, purporting to be a letter of attorney to enable him, the prisoner, to transfer stock at the Bank, standing in the name of the Rev. Dr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person192"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person192" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person192" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and the Reverend Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person193"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person193" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person193" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with an intention to defraud the Bank of England. There are other charges in the indictment, stating an intention to defraud different persons concerned in this transaction; and he is also charged, upon a special act of parliament, relative to the stocks - to the whole of which charges, the prisoner has pleaded that he is not guilty; and it will be for you, Gentlemen, upon the evidence which will be laid before you, to determine whether the prisoner is, or is not, guilty of this offence.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, I shall shortly state to you the circumstances of this case, and the evidence which we have to call, that you may the better apply it when you hear it from the witnesses.</p>
<p>The prisoner,
<persName id="t17780218-14-person194"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person194" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person194" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was a
<rs id="t17780218-14-deflabel79" type="occupation">woollen-draper and salesman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-14-defend159 t17780218-14-deflabel79"/> in Houndsditch. He married the daughter of a Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person195"> Thomas Hewlett
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person195" type="surname" value="Hewlett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person195" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who lived at Westham, in Essex. In the year 1768, Mr. Hewlett having agreed upon a marriage with a Mrs.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person196"> Elizabeth Drathgate
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person196" type="surname" value="Drathgate"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person196" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person196" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and she being possessed of Consolidated Bank 3 per cent. Annuities, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180012"/> of some property in other stocks, it was agreed, previous to the marriage, that her interest in these stocks should be settled upon certain trusts, and conveyed to Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French, as trustees.</p>
<p>Upon this agreement, Mrs. Drathgate, previous to her marriage with Mr. Hewlett, on the 4th of November, 1768, transferred to Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French, 700 l. Consolidated Bank 3 per cent. Annuities, and also 700 l. 3 per cent. Reduced Annuities.</p>
<p>This proposed marriage took effect; a letter of attorney was afterwards made out by the trustees to the prisoner at the bar,
<persName id="t17780218-14-person197"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person197" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person197" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to enable him to receive the dividends, and to apply it for the trusts upon which it was vested in Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French. Mr. Hewlett died about three years ago, I believe, and Mrs. Hewlett continuing to be entitled under this trust, the prisoner received the dividends for her; and she did, I believe, to accommodate the prisoner, agree to sell out the Reduced Annuities, and upon this occasion Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French executed a letter of attorney to the prisoner, to enable him to sell the Reduced Annuities. Soon after this, Mr. Sherwood became a bankrupt; and some suspicions arising, that the Consolidated Bank Annuities had also been transferred, as well as the Reduced Annuities, Mr. French, who is a trustee, upon hearing that, applied at the Bank, and there he found that the Consolidated Bank Annuities had been transferred, for which there had been no letter of attorney given, as well as the Reduced Annuities, for which there had been a letter of attorney given.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, it appeared from the books, that the prisoner at the bar had transferred these Consolidated Annuities, under a pretence of being the attorney for Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French, and was authorized, by a letter of attorney from them, to transfer it; there was no doubt, nor, I believe, will be, that the letter of attorney was forged. If there is any doubt in the business, it will be whether the prisoner at the bar be the person concerned in that forgery, or in publishing the letter of attorney, knowing it to be forged.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, I shall now state to you the evidence against the prisoner with respect to this forgery:</p>
<p>The prisoner applied to a Mr. Nesbitt, a broker, to sell the stock under this forged letter of attorney. The stock was accordingly transferred, and the prisoner, as is usual, set his name as the person acting and authorized by this letter of attorney.</p>
<p>The two witnesses to this letter of attorney are described to be
<persName id="t17780218-14-person198"> Thomas Hewlett
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person198" type="surname" value="Hewlett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person198" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , salesman, of Houndsditch, and
<persName id="t17780218-14-person199"> Francis Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person199" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person199" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , salesman, of Houndsditch. Upon enquiry for such persons, it was found that the names were real, that they had actually subscribed this letter of attorney, as attesting the execution of it. They are both relations to the prisoner at the bar; but it will be proved to you, that they were desired by the prisoner to set their names as witnesses to the letter of attorney, that neither of them saw it executed by either Dr. Myonnet or by Mr. French, that the prisoner brought it into his shop folded up, and desired them to set their names to it as witnesses. I believe the witnesses at that time did not conceive that they were doing any thing wrong, depending upon the credit and integrity of the prisoner that he would not do a thing which was improper, or desire them to do a thing which was improper. They set their names to it, not seeing it executed by Dr. Myonnet, or by Mr. French, and, in truth, at the time they subscribed their names to the letter of attorney, the name of Mr. French was not to it, but the name of Dr. Myonnet was; the execution of the letter of attorney by Dr. Myonnet alone would not have answered the purpose, for this stock being vested in two trustees, jointly, both of them must concur in an act to transfer it; they must either both concur in the very act of transferring, personally, or they must authorize an attorney to do it for them; one of them alone would not be sufficient. The name of Mr. French, however, appears with a seal to that name to this letter of attorney; and under this letter of attorney it will be proved to you, that the prisoner at the bar applied to sell, and actually did sell, this stock.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180013"/>Gentlemen, this is the nature of the evidence that I have to lay before you, to prove the guilt of the prisoner in this transaction. The name of Doctor
<persName id="t17780218-14-person200"> Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person200" type="given" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person200" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , I am informed, has a resemblance to Doctor
<persName id="t17780218-14-person201"> Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person201" type="given" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person201" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 's usual manner of writing; but, I understand, that the name of Mr. French does not resemble his hand-writing at all.</p>
<p>I shall call the witnesses who will prove these facts which I have already stated to you, as proof against the prisoner of his guilt and his concern in this transaction. It will be for you to judge upon that evidence, whether you are satisfied that he is guilty of the charge; and if he be, you will discharge, of course, your duty in pronouncing him guilty.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person202"> JOHN STONEHOUSE
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person202" type="surname" value="STONEHOUSE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person202" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am an accountant at the Bank.</p>
<p>Have you the book here containing the transfers of Consolidated 3 per cent. Bank Annuities? - This is the Transfer Book.</p>
<p>Refer to the 10th of November, 1768, and see if you have any transfer of stock upon that day to Dr. Myonnet and the Reverend Mr. French? - There is a transfer of 700 l. to
<persName id="t17780218-14-person203"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person203" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Doctor of Divinity, and the Reverend
<persName id="t17780218-14-person204"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person204" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person204" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , signed
<persName id="t17780218-14-person205"> Elizabeth Drathgate
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person205" type="surname" value="Drathgate"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person205" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person205" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> as the transferrer.</p>
<p>[The entry of the transfer, and of the acceptance of the said stock, by the Reverend Dr. Myonnet and the Reverend Mr. French, were read.]</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person206"> SAMUEL NISBETT
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person206" type="surname" value="NISBETT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person206" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are a stock-broker, I believe? - I am.</p>
<p>Do you remember Mr. Sherwood's applying to you at any time about selling some 3 per cent. annuities? - Yes; the prisoner applied to me, on the 4th of April last, to sell 700 l. Bank Consolidated Annuities; he said, he acted by virtue of a power of attorney; I took the instructions from Mr. Sherwood. The names of the persons the stock stood in, were the Reverend
<persName id="t17780218-14-person207"> John Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person207" type="surname" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person207" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , D. D. and the Reverend
<persName id="t17780218-14-person208"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person208" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person208" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with him to the Bank into the Rotunda, where that kind of business is done, and made a bargain there with a broker for the sale of the stock; it is always usual to make a register of these kind of things; I sold the stock to Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person209"> William Watson
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person209" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person209" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is a dealer in that way; the price was 78 3/8 per cent. and which amounted to 550 l. 7 s. 6 d. which sum I paid into the hands of Mr. Sherwood; I saw Mr. Sherwood make the transfer.</p>
<p>You saw him sign the transfer? - That is what I mean by make the transfer. (The witness read the transfer from the transfer book.) I saw him sign this, Witness my hand
<persName id="t17780218-14-person210"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person210" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person210" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , attorney. The witnesses to the transfer are
<persName id="t17780218-14-person211"> Robert Payne
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person211" type="surname" value="Payne"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person211" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and myself;
<persName id="t17780218-14-person212"> Samuel Nesbitt
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person212" type="surname" value="Nesbitt"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person212" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , as broker.</p>
<p>Look at the letter of attorney. Did Mr. Sherwood, the prisoner, produce that? - He did, as the letter of attorney.</p>
<p>Is there any of Mr. Sherwood's writing in that? I fancy it is filled up by a clerk in the Bank? - It is: when instructions are given for a power of attorney I understand that the date is inserted at the time of the execution.</p>
<p>Look at the date; that is not the same hand as the filling up of the instrument? - I can't say; the demand to act under that letter of attorney is signed by Sherwood.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person213"> WILLIAM PIGG
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person213" type="surname" value="PIGG"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person213" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Look at that letter of attorney. Are not you a subscribing witness to something written there? - I am.</p>
<p>What do you witness there? - The transferring of the 700 l. stock.</p>
<p>There is something printed? - Yes; I demand to act by this power of attorney 4th April, 1777,
<persName id="t17780218-14-person214"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person214" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person214" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Did you see that signed? - I did.</p>
<p>By whom? - A gentleman who wrote his name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person215"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person215" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person215" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Do you know the person who signed that? - I don't know the gentleman, but Mr. Nesbitt, as the broker, signified his knowledge to me; and, therefore, I subscribed it. Mr. Nesbitt was present when it was executed.</p>
<p>To Mr. Nesbitt. Who signed that
<persName id="t17780218-14-person216"> Thomas Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person216" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person216" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ? - The prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Did you know the prisoner before? - I had no acquaintance with him; I knew him personally; I knew him to be a man of reputation in Houndsditch.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>Call the Rev. Mr. French.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I object to the examination of Mr. French; he is an interested witness.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180014"/>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>We will prove then, that the Bank have replaced the stock; and therefore Mr. French is not at all interested.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person217"> ROBERT LEWIN
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person217" type="surname" value="LEWIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person217" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are I believe secretary to the Bank? - I am.</p>
<p>Have you any order to transfer any stock to the names of Dr. Myonnet and the Reverend Mr. French? - I have; here is the minute-book of the Court of Directors. I will read the entry, if the Court pleases.</p>
<p>"At a Court of Directors, at the Bank,</p>
<p>"on Thursday the 15th of January, 1778,</p>
<p>"Mr. Governor acquainted the Court,</p>
<p>"that - ."</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I object to the reading of that minute, it being proposed to be read for the purpose of shewing, that Mr. French, whose name is affixed to this instruments, which they say is forged, is a disinterested witness and capable of proving it; and in order to render him a disinterested witness they would shew that the Court of Directors have replaced the stock, so that it is indifferent to Mr. French whether the instrument be valid or a forged one. Now, if the Court of Directors have done so, they have placed themselves in the situation of Mr. French, and the Bank are themselves interested in proving this a forged instrument; because, whether it be true or forged, upon that will depend whether they are or not capable of demanding a repayment of that money by Mr. French, or the person whose name this imports to be. Therefore as the Court of Directors are themselves interested in the question, consequently no minute made by them will be proper evidence.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>They state themselves liable to make good to Mr. French and Dr. Myonnet this stock which has been improperly transferred, and as they make an order to direct the stock to be transferred, so they act against their interest.</p>
<p>Court. The prisoner is trying for forgery. This evidence offered is tending to prove that the prisoner is guilty of the forgery; if he is found guilty of it, the Bank can never have the money back again; therefore so far from its being a matter in which they are interested, they are in the strongest degree proving against their own interest.</p>
<p>[The order read by Mr. Lewin, as followeth:]</p>
<p>"That the committee of Treasury</p>
<p>"have power to make good to the said Dr.</p>
<p>"Myonnet and the Reverend Mr. French,</p>
<p>"the said sum of 700 l. Consolidated three</p>
<p>"per cent. Annuities."</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>We will now shew that that transfer has been made.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person218"> WILLIAM WARD
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person218" type="surname" value="WARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person218" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are a witness to this transfer? - I saw it made by Burgess to Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French. [The transfer was read.]</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person219"> JOHN SUTTON
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person219" type="surname" value="SUTTON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person219" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a clerk in the Bank [refers to the book]; I saw Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French accept the transfer of this stock.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Did you know them both? - No, neither of them.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>My Lord, we will now examine the Reverend
<persName id="t17780218-14-person220"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person220" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person220" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I submit to the court, that the Reverend Mr. French cannot be admitted to give evidence, till the Counsel for the Crown have proved the acceptance of the stock by Dr. Myonnet; Mr. French's acceptance of the stock, is not, I conceive, a sufficient discharge to him; as there is another trustee, the transfer is not proved to be complete.</p>
<p>Would, or not, this acceptance of the tranfers by Mr. French, supposing Dr. Myonnet had not accepted it at all, have entitled him to receive the dividend? - It would not.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person221"> JOHN FRENCH
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person221" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person221" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was present when Dr. Myonnet signed that acceptance of the stock.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Do you know Dr. Myonnet personally? - I do.</p>
<p>At the time when the transfer is supposed to be accepted by him, what was the state of his mental faculties? - I cannot take upon me to say that; sometimes he would talk very sensibly, at other times, I must confess he varied.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180015"/>Was he really of found understanding at the time, and knew what he was doing? - At the time he accepted that stock, he seemed to be sensible of what he was doing.</p>
<p>The Rev. Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person222"> JAMES FRENCH
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person222" type="surname" value="FRENCH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person222" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Is the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person223"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person223" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person223" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> annexed as a party to that instrument [the letter of attorney] your hand-writing? - It is not.</p>
<p>Did you ever execute, seal, and deliver that instrument as your deed? - I never did.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>You are acquainted with Dr. Myonnet? - I am.</p>
<p>I presume you have seen Dr. Myonnet write? - I have.</p>
<p>Is that name his hand-writing? - I cannot pretend to say whether it is or not.</p>
<p>Have you any reason to believe about it? - It is certainly like his manner of writing.</p>
<p>Have you no better reason to believe than that? - I cannot pretend to say whether it is or not.</p>
<p>But do you believe it to be his? - It is very like it.</p>
<p>Do you believe it to be his hand-writing? - I should rather incline to think it is his hand-writing by the manner of it.</p>
<p>Do you believe it is? - I cannot pretend to say that it is, or is not. If I had been shewn this instrument, and asked my opinion whether it was Dr. Myonnet's or not, I believe I should have thought that it was.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>To Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person224"> John French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person224" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person224" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Do you know Dr. Myonnet's hand-writing? - I saw him write once, but I am not a sufficient judge of his hand-writing to say.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>Do you believe the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person225"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person225" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person225" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to the letter of attorney is your brother's handwriting? - It is not a similitude to his hand-writing.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person226"> RICHARD STACY
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person226" type="surname" value="STACY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person226" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Do you know the Reverend Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person227"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person227" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person227" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's hand-writing? - Very well.</p>
<p>Is the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person228"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person228" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person228" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> subscribed to that letter of a ttorney, his hand? - It is not the least like it.</p>
<p>Do you know Dr. Myonnet? - Yes; but I don't know his hand-writing.</p>
<p>Look at the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person229"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person229" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person229" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to the transfer, on the 17th of March, in the transfer book. Is that in the usual way of his signing his name? - This is the usual way of his signing his name; I am well acquainted with his hand-writing.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>To the Rev. Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-14-person230"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person230" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person230" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Pray what character does Mr. Sherwood bear? - He always bore a very good character; I never heard a disrespectful word said of him, till this unfortunate affair; I thought him a very honest worthy man.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person231"> THOMAS HEWLETT
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person231" type="surname" value="HEWLETT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person231" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>Look at that instrument. [The letter of attorney.] Is that
<persName id="t17780218-14-person232"> Thomas Hewlett
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person232" type="surname" value="Hewlett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person232" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> your name? - It is.</p>
<p>Is that your hand-writing? - It is.</p>
<p>Did you see Dr. Myonnet, or Mr. French, execute that instrument? - Neither of them.</p>
<p>How came you to put your name as a witness to it? - I always took Mr. Sherwood to be an honest man; I never thought that he would bring me an instrument to sign, which would be either an injury to me or himself.</p>
<p>Did he bring that instrument to you? - Yes; he asked me to put my name to it; he came out of the parlour with it to me, as I was standing at the shop door.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I would submit to the Court, whether it is competent for a person, who has subscribed his name as a witness to the execution of an instrument, to prove that he did not see that instrument executed.</p>
<p>Court. It was received in the case of Dr. Dodd; it will only go to the witness's credit.</p>
<p>You said, the prisoner came out of the parlour with the instrument in his hand? - I think he had it in his hand; when he opened the parlour door, he called me, as he usually did, Tommy, sign this; and, I think, to the best of my remembrance, he gave me a pen, but I cannot be punctual whether he did or no; he told me where to sign it; I wrote
<persName id="t17780218-14-person233"> Thomas Hewlett
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person233" type="surname" value="Hewlett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person233" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; then he bid me write, salesman, Houndsditch.</p>
<p>Was the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person234"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person234" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person234" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to it when you signed it? - I don't remember seeing it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180016"/>Mr. French was not there, nor Doctor
<persName id="t17780218-14-person235"> Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person235" type="given" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person235" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ? - No; neither of them.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>To the Reverend Mr. French. Was there not an instance, I believe it was with respect to the reduced annuities, where you, as well as Doctor
<persName id="t17780218-14-person236"> Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person236" type="given" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person236" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , did sign the like authority with that which is now in question, without there being any subscribing witnesses to it at all, and left it to Mr. Sherwood to obtain subscriptions to it by witnesses afterwards? - Where there was no design of fraud; I will not pretend to say, but, I think, there were subscribing witnesses; but I will not take upon me to say positively.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person237"> Thomas Hewlett
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person237" type="surname" value="Hewlett"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person237" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Have you been long acquainted with the prisoner? - Yes; fifteen years.</p>
<p>Have you seen him write frequently? - I have.</p>
<p>Is the date to that letter of attorney, 3d April, his hand-writing? - I can't positively say that it is his hand-writing.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-14-person238"> FRANCIS SHERWOOD
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person238" type="surname" value="SHERWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person238" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Is the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person239"> Francis Sherwood
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person239" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person239" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to this instrument (the letter of attorney) your handwriting? - I believe it is.</p>
<p>Have you any doubt that it is your writing? - No; I have no doubt at all.</p>
<p>How came you to put your name to that paper? - I was desired by the prisoner to put my name thereto.</p>
<p>Did you see Dr. Myonnet, or Mr. French, execute that instrument? - I know no further than writing my name; I observed nothing at all upon the paper but writing my name.</p>
<p>Were either Doctor
<persName id="t17780218-14-person240"> Myonnet
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person240" type="given" value="Myonnet"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person240" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , or Mr. French, there? - Not that I can recollect.</p>
<p>Where was this? - At the back part of Mr. Sherwood's counter.</p>
<p>You was, I believe, in Mr. Sherwood's service? - Yes; a shopman.</p>
<p>Was the name
<persName id="t17780218-14-person241"> James French
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person241" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person241" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-14-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> there? - I don't recollect any name, nor nothing, no further than writing my own name.</p>
<p>You are a relation to the prisoner? - I am.</p>
<p>You are of course acquainted with his hand-writing. Will you look at 3d April upon that instrument; whose hand-writing do you take that to be? - I believe that might be Mr. Sherwood's.</p>
<p>Are you acquainted with his hand-writing? - I am.</p>
<p>Do you believe that 3d April to be his? - I believe, to the best of my judgment, that might be his hand-writing.</p>
<p>[The letter of attorney read.]</p>
<p>Court. Prisoner at the bar, the evidence being now closed for the prosecution, do you wish to say any thing in your defence?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I leave it to my counsel.</p>
<p>Court. You will understand that your counsel cannot do any thing farther for you, than call your witnesses. Therefore if you would say any thing in your own defence, you are at liberty to say it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I refer it to my counsel.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I wish Mr. Sherwood to be informed, that the counsel cannot speak for him. If Mr. Sherwood will urge what he has to say for himself, if that furnishes a hint for his counsel, they will pursue it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The power of attorney for selling 700 l. Three per cent. Reduced Annuities, was signed by Mr. French, at a butcher's shop in White-Chapel; there was nobody present but him and me, at the time he signed that; upon reading it over he said,</p>
<p>"should be witnessed at the time of signing;" I told him, I supposed that was nothing but matter of form; I would get it signed; he said nothing more, and departed.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I have witnesses to prove, which is already very clearly proved; namely, his undoubted good character; the Court are in possession of that by the evidence of Mr. French; whether that is proved by one or ten thousand witnesses makes no difference at all. There is another thing which I would shortly submit to the court; we have some evidence, that this is the hand-writing of Dr. Myonnet. Dr. Myonnet, the counsel on the other side, are pleased to say is in an infirm state of health; I believe he is not so very infirm; I should be glad if the counsel will tell me whether Dr. Myonnet is here, or not?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180017"/>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>Dr. Myonnet is near at hand, but he is of a very great age.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>He is a very old man, and is very apt to forget; supposing this is the hand-writing of Dr. Myonnet, but not the hand-writing of Mr. French, so that it is not Mr. French's deed; whether this being described in the indictment as the deed of both, can be truly said to be so, or not; it is a counterfeit deed, quoad Mr. French, but not a counterfeit deed, quoad Dr. Myonnet. I believe there is no count in the indictment, shaped to that particular case.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown.</p>
<p>There is a count in the indictment to answer that objection.</p>
<p>Court. Both the witnesses have said, that Dr. Myonnet was not present at the time they subscribed the letter of attorney.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>It is too common a thing, I believe, to obtain a subscribing witness after the party has signed a letter of attorney; it is frequently done in this way; it is not commonly understood, that two witnesses are necessary. A gentleman has signed a letter of attorney, in order to have some stock transferred, and has subscribed it in the presence of only one witness, thinking that sufficient. Afterwards the broker finding two necessary, he does not care who signs it afterwards; that is a very common, but a very improper practice; but it is not less his deed; the deed is complete before it is subscribed by any witness; therefore, supposing this to be the deed of Dr. Myonnet, the question is, whether the deed as described in the indictment can be said to be forged.</p>
<p>Court. The charge is for counterfeiting this warrant of attorney, purporting to be the warrant of Dr. Myonnet and Mr. French; now allowing that Dr. Myonnet did execute that deed, yet, if it be necessary for the transferring the stock, that Mr. French should likewise have signed and sealed that deed, and if he did not, then the deed is forged.</p>
<p>Mr. Justice Ashhurst summed up the evidence to the Jury, who after having withdrawn for a short time, pronounced the prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-14-verdict80" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-14-verdict80" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY of uttering and publishing the letter of attorney, knowing it to be forged </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-14-punish81" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-14-punish81" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-14-defend159 t17780218-14-punish81"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the London Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-15">
<interp inst="t17780218-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-15-off82-c206" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-defend243 t17780218-15-off82 t17780218-15-verdict86"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-15-off82-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-defend245 t17780218-15-off82 t17780218-15-verdict88"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-15-off89-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-defend245 t17780218-15-off89 t17780218-15-verdict88"/>
<p>223, 224.
<persName id="t17780218-15-defend243" type="defendantName"> THOMAS TICKNER
<interp inst="t17780218-15-defend243" type="surname" value="TICKNER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-defend243" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-defend243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17780218-15-defend245" type="defendantName"> THOMAS ADAMS
<interp inst="t17780218-15-defend245" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-defend245" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-defend245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-15-off82" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-15-off82" type="offenceCategory" value="breakingPeace"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-off82" type="offenceSubcategory" value="wounding"/> they on purpose of their malice aforethought, and by lying in wait, unlawfully, and feloniously, did make an assault on
<persName id="t17780218-15-victim247" type="victimName"> William Jacobb
<interp inst="t17780218-15-victim247" type="surname" value="Jacobb"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-victim247" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-victim247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and that the said
<persName id="t17780218-15-person248"> Thomas Tickner
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person248" type="surname" value="Tickner"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person248" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> with a bill-hook made of iron and wood, on purpose, of his malice, unlawfully and feloniously did slit the nose of the said
<persName id="t17780218-15-person249"> William Jacobb
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person249" type="surname" value="Jacobb"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person249" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with intention in so doing to maim and disfigure the said
<persName id="t17780218-15-person250"> William Jacobb
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person250" type="surname" value="Jacobb"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person250" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in the manner beforementioned; and that the said
<persName id="t17780218-15-person251"> Thomas Adams
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person251" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person251" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> knowing of, and being privy to, the felony aforesaid, unlawfully and feloniously, and, on purpose, of his malice, &c. was present, aiding and abetting, the said
<persName id="t17780218-15-person252"> Thomas Tickner
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person252" type="surname" value="Tickner"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person252" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to commit the said felony </rs>.</p>
<p>2d Count. The same as the first, only charging the assault to have been made with a weapon and instrument, to the Jurors, as yet unknown.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person253"> WILLIAM JACOBB
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person253" type="surname" value="JACOBB"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person253" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am
<rs id="t17780218-15-viclabel83" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-victim247 t17780218-15-viclabel83"/> to Mr. Cole at
<placeName id="t17780218-15-crimeloc84">Twickenham</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-crimeloc84" type="placeName" value="Twickenham"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-crimeloc84" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-off82 t17780218-15-crimeloc84"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-off89 t17780218-15-crimeloc84"/>; I know both the prisoners; they live in the way to Whitham, at about a quarter of a mile from my master's house; I went, on the
<rs id="t17780218-15-cd85" type="crimeDate">16th of January</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-off82 t17780218-15-cd85"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-off89 t17780218-15-cd85"/>, at about twelve o'clock at night, to a turnep-field of my master's, to see if any body was pulling the turneps up, as a great many turneps had been stole before; when I got to the turnep-field, I saw Tickner pulling up the turneps.</p>
<p>Did you know Tickner's person? - Yes; I went up to him and spoke to him, but I don't remember what I said; he struck me so soon that I had not time to say any thing.</p>
<p>Where did he strike you, and with what instrument? - I can't tell; it was something fixed on wood which cut me.</p>
<p>Could you discern whether it shone? - No; I judge from the fling of it, it seemed to be fixed into a stick; it hung loose, and hit hard; it was not a long bill, but
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180018"/> something loose, I think, came round my head, and it seemed to me to be tied to a stick, like a flail; the first blow fell upon my nose, the next on my head.</p>
<p>Did you discover any body else in the field? - I did not see any body else to my knowledge.</p>
<p>When you received the second blow, what became of him? - I don't know; I was knocked down; I received several blows after I was down.</p>
<p>Was you sensible of having received several blows on the ground? - Yes; but I suppose that I lay some time on the ground senseless.</p>
<p>Did you either see, or hear, any person besides the prisoner Tickner? - I thought I heard somebody else when I was down; but I was not rightly sensible; but I am not sure whether I saw any other man or no.</p>
<p>How long do you suppose that you lay upon the ground? - I suppose about ten minutes; I got up; I saw no more of Tickner; I went home and called up a servant, and I was sent to the Hospital.</p>
<p>What sort of a night was it? - A very light night; I saw Tickner very plain; Tickner was a hired servant to Adams; he lived with him as a part of his family.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person254"> SARAH REASON
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person254" type="surname" value="REASON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person254" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Did you live servant with Adams in January last? - Yes; Tickner lived there too.</p>
<p>Do you remember where they were on the night of the 16th of January? - Upon Friday night, my mistress and I went to bed at about ten o'clock, and left both the prisoners by the fire.</p>
<p>Did you hear in the morning of Jacobb's having been hurt the night before? - Yes;</p>
<p>Do you know what became of the prisoners that night? - No; but my master called to me in the night, and bid me call him up in the morning; I did not know what time that was.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person255"> JAMES HUNTER
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person255" type="surname" value="HUNTER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person255" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>You are, I believe, one of the surgeons of St. George's Hospital? - Yes; Jacobb: was brought to the Hospital on the 17th of January; I was not present when he came; I examined his person, and found a small superficial wound upon the right side of his nose; he had a very large wound upon his neck immediately under the lower jaw; he had eight wounds on the top of his head.</p>
<p>Do you mean cuts by wounds? - Yes; and one upon his hand, and a small one also in the right brow; I think three were all.</p>
<p>What instruments, in your judgement, do you think these wounds were caused by? - I think by a sharp instrument.</p>
<p>Court. What sort of a wound was that upon the nose, did it slit the nose? - No; it divided the exteguments of the nose; it did not go through the bones of the nose; it was of an oblique direction.</p>
<p>Court. How far did it penetrate? - It did not go through; there is very little but the skin covers the bones of the nose; it went to the bone.</p>
<p>Court. Do you call it a cut, or a scratch? - It was a cut.</p>
<p>Court. Did it penetrate through the skin so as to cut the flesh? - I here is hardly any thing but skin; it went through the skin.</p>
<p>Did it reach the bone? - I think it might.</p>
<p>Is it such a wound as will leave any mark? - I think the cicatrix will not be seen in a little time; the cicatrix is scarcely to be seen now; I don't understand it to be a slit of the nose; it was lacerated.</p>
<p>One of the Jury. I can very plainly see a mark on the nose.</p>
<p>Court. How long do you suppose it will be before that wound is so healed as not to be visible? - There was a month elapsed last Saturday; I suppose that in a fortnight, or a month, it will not be visible; I can't well say what time it will take to obliterate the mark.</p>
<p>Will the mark ever be erased during the man's life time? - I can't say; there may be some little mark of it discovered upon a close examination.</p>
<p>I have nothing to say; I have only my mother here.</p>
<p>Adams was not put upon his defence.</p>
<p>For Tickner.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person256"> MARY TICKNER
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person256" type="surname" value="TICKNER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person256" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person256" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am the mother of the prisoner, Tickner; he never lived with any other person but
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180019"/> Adams; he has lived with Adams about three years; I live at a village in Surry, near Riply; I can't remember how old he is, without going to the minister for the register; he is something turned of eighteen; I believe he behaved very well; he did live with a farmer at Riply, and behaved very well; I was sorry when we took him away, to put him to this place; I saw very little of him while he lived with Adams; he did not come near me but two or three times while he was there; I am seldom at home; I go out a chairing.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-15-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-15-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-15-punish87" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-15-punish87" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-defend243 t17780218-15-punish87"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-15-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-15-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person257"> THOMAS ADAMS
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person257" type="surname" value="ADAMS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person257" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-15-off89" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-15-off89" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-off89" type="offenceSubcategory" value="gameLawOffence"/> stealing a live tame fallow deer, value 5 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-15-victim259" type="victimName"> Stephen Cole
<interp inst="t17780218-15-victim259" type="surname" value="Cole"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-victim259" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-victim259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-15-viclabel90" type="occupation">the younger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-victim259 t17780218-15-viclabel90"/>,
<rs id="t17780218-15-viclabel91" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-15-victim259 t17780218-15-viclabel91"/>;</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person260"> GEORGE COWSELL
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person260" type="surname" value="COWSELL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person260" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am sixteen years old. I live servant with Mr. Cole, at Twickenham; my master had a couple of tame deer; he brought up one, and he bought another; they used to be kept in the barn-yard; that which was bought would have been two years old next June; they were both of an age; they were very tame. The buck would come and rub his head against any body; the doe was shy to strangers. They were left out in the barn-yard on Christmas-eve; the next morning the buck was missing. There are pails round the yard; I saw them in the yard that evening; sometimes we locked them up of a night. When we missed the buck; we found a great deal of blood at one end of the barn-yard; and there was hair and blood upon the wall where it had been taken over.</p>
<p>Describe the buck? - He had a dumpty horn; and he had torn his car; and the shepherd cut it half off; it was of a brown colour. The prisoner lived about a quarter of a mile from my master's.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person261"> SARAH REASON
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person261" type="surname" value="REASON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person261" type="given" value="SARAH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person261" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I lived with the prisoner; upon Christmas-eve Adams and Tickner came home together, between twelve and one at night; upon opening the door, I saw a dead deer lying at the door; it had been stuck; its throat was cut; it had but one horn; they brought it into the house, and both of them skinned it; they kept all the flesh for their own eating, except one haunch, which my mistress carried for a present to London. The skin and the head (except a bit which was given to a dog) were buried in the garden.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-15-person262"> JOHN BARNETT
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person262" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person262" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a workman for the prosecutor. I was ordered to dig in the prisoner's garden for the skin of the deer.
<persName id="t17780218-15-person263"> Sarah Reason
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person263" type="surname" value="Reason"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person263" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-15-person263" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> shewed me where to dig; I found a skin, four legs and the head.</p>
<p>[They were produced in court, and the witness deposed that they were the head and skin of the prosecutor's deer.]</p>
<p>This deer struck my man on the ribbs; he told me of it; we looked over the wall, and the deer ran at him again; he said, he wished I would kill it; I struck it across the throat with my knife, and it lay some time on the ground. After I had killed it; I could not tell what to do with it. Tickner took it up, and carried it to my house, and threw it down at the door. The servant maid came, and asked what we had got, I thought it was a pity after it was dead to let it lie, so we carried it in, and skinned it; and we put the skin under ground.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-15-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-15-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780218-16-defend265" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH HUGHES
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<interp inst="t17780218-16-defend265" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-defend265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-16-off93" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-16-off93" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-off93" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a quart pewter pot, value 18 d. three pint pewter pots, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-16-victim267" type="victimName"> George Ballard
<interp inst="t17780218-16-victim267" type="surname" value="Ballard"/>
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<rs id="t17780218-16-cd94" type="crimeDate">January the 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-16-off93 t17780218-16-cd94"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-16-person268"> GEORGE BALLARD
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person268" type="surname" value="BALLARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person268" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-16-viclabel95" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17780218-16-crimeloc96">the Chequers, a public-house, in Duke-street, Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-crimeloc96" type="placeName" value="the Chequers, a public-house, in Duke-street, Westminster"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-16-off93 t17780218-16-crimeloc96"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-16-victim267 t17780218-16-viclabel95"/>. I sent out two servants to collect in my pots; the pots mentioned in the indictment were taken away with a strap they were upon.</p>
<p>[The pots were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<persName id="t17780218-16-person269"> CHARLES GOODLUCK
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person269" type="surname" value="GOODLUCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person269" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-16-person270"> Isaac Hawes
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person270" type="surname" value="Hawes"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person270" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was gathering in the pots of Mr. Barkhouse; having more than he could
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180020"/> carry, he laid them down under a window, and desired me to look after them; I saw the prisoner run away with the pots; I pursued, and took him, and brought him into the public-house; I found the prosecutor's pots in his apron; it was in the dusk, about five or six o'clock, I believe.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-16-person271"> ISAAC HAWES
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person271" type="surname" value="HAWES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person271" type="given" value="ISAAC"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mr. Barkhouse; the prisoner took the pots I had laid down; we pursued him, and found the pots mentioned in the indictment upon him.</p>
<p>A woman fell down as she was crossing the street; I went to help her up; she had the strap and pots in her hand; I took the pots from her, and held them up to the lamp to see whose they were, but could not, and then they took hold of me.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-16-verdict97" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-16-verdict97" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-16-person272"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person272" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person272" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-16-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17780218-16-punish98" type="punishmentDescription">
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-16-defend265 t17780218-16-punish98"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780218-17-defend274" type="defendantName"> SAMUEL BULLOCK
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<interp inst="t17780218-17-defend274" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-17-defend274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17780218-17-off99" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-17-off99" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing two pieces of Irish linen cloth </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17780218-17-victim276" type="victimName"> William Williams
<interp inst="t17780218-17-victim276" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
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<interp inst="t17780218-17-victim276" type="gender" value="male"/>
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<rs id="t17780218-17-cd100" type="crimeDate">Feb. the 8th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-17-off99 t17780218-17-cd100"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-17-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-17-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-17-person277"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-17-person277" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-17-person277" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-17-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17780218-18-defend279" type="defendantName"> EBENEZER BARKER
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<interp inst="t17780218-18-defend279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-18-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-18-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a man's hat and a woman's beaver hat </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17780218-18-victim281" type="victimName"> Mark Gibbs
<interp inst="t17780218-18-victim281" type="surname" value="Gibbs"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-victim281" type="given" value="Mark"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-victim281" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-18-off102 t17780218-18-victim281"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17780218-18-person282"> MARK GIBBS
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person282" type="surname" value="GIBBS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person282" type="given" value="MARK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780218-18-viclabel103" type="occupation">hatter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-18-victim281 t17780218-18-viclabel103"/> in
<placeName id="t17780218-18-crimeloc104">South Moulton-Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-crimeloc104" type="placeName" value="South Moulton-Street"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-crimeloc104" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-18-off102 t17780218-18-crimeloc104"/>. On Friday last, between two and three o'clock, I lost a man's hat and a woman's beaver hat.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-18-person283"> WILLIAM FLOOD
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person283" type="surname" value="FLOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person283" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a silk dyer in Clare-market; I had been on an errand to Oxford-road; at the end of South Moulton-street, I saw the prisoner come out of a shop with something under his coat; there were two others looking down the street; I suspected the prisoner, and followed him into the Hog in the Pound, a public house at the end of the street; I asked him what he had under his arm; he said nothing, and threw down some hats; a brewer's servant took them up; we took them to the prosecutor's; he said they were his property; the brewer's servant is not here.</p>
<p>[The hats were produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>I am not guilty.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-18-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-18-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-18-punish106" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-18-punish106" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-punish106" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-18-defend279 t17780218-18-punish106"/> B </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-18-person284"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person284" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person284" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-18-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17780218-18-punish107" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-18-punish107" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-18-defend279 t17780218-18-punish107"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-19">
<interp inst="t17780218-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-19-off108-c239" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-19-defend286 t17780218-19-off108 t17780218-19-verdict112"/>
<persName id="t17780218-19-defend286" type="defendantName"> ROBERT HARDING
<interp inst="t17780218-19-defend286" type="surname" value="HARDING"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-defend286" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-defend286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-19-off108" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-19-off108" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-off108" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780218-19-victim287" type="victimName"> Margaret the
<rs id="t17780218-19-viclabel109" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-19-victim287 t17780218-19-viclabel109"/> of
<persName id="t17780218-19-victim289" type="victimName"> Edward Edwards
<interp inst="t17780218-19-victim289" type="surname" value="Edwards"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-victim289" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-victim289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-victim287" type="surname" value="the"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-victim287" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-victim287" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person, and against her will, two linen ruffled shirts, value 5 s. three other linen shirts, value 6 s. five linen stocks, value 2 s. 6 d. two white linen handkerchiefs, value 6 d. four silk handkerchiefs, value 2 s. two pair of silk stockings, value 3 s. two pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. and a pair of white cotton stockings, value 1 s. the property of the said Edward </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-19-cd110" type="crimeDate">January the 22d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-19-off108 t17780218-19-cd110"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-19-person290"> MARGARET EDWARDS
<interp inst="t17780218-19-person290" type="surname" value="EDWARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-person290" type="given" value="MARGARET"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-person290" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I live at Ogle-street, Mary-le-bone. I was robbed of a bundle of linen, in
<placeName id="t17780218-19-crimeloc111">Portland-street, near Carnaby-market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-crimeloc111" type="placeName" value="Portland-street, near Carnaby-market"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-crimeloc111" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-19-off108 t17780218-19-crimeloc111"/>, upon the 22d January, about eight at night; as I was crossing the street, the prisoner pulled the bundle, containing the things mentioned in the indictment, from under my arm; I did not know him before, but as soon as he had done this, he ran away; I ran after him, and called stop thief; he was never out of my sight till after he was taken; he had not the things when he was taken; but I saw them in his hand some time after he took them from me; they were afterwards found at about six doors from the place where he took them from me, and at about three doors from the place where he was taken. The bundle contained the things mentioned in the indictment [repeating them], which I had to wash; he was stopped, and carried to the Justice.</p>
<p>JOHN - sworn.</p>
<p>As I was coming out of the stable-yard, I heard Mrs. Edwards call out stop thief; I saw the prisoner and another man running on the opposite side of the street; some other person threw the prisoner down; I laid hold of him, and kept him till Mrs. Edwards came up, which was in two minutes; she was in sight when he was taken; she said that was the person; I saw nothing upon him.</p>
<p>HENRY - sworn.</p>
<p>On the 22d January, about eight o'clock, I heard the cry of stop thief; I took my hat and ran out; when I came to the end of the street, I saw the prisoner stopped there, and Mrs. Edwards by him; I asked if the prisoner was the man who took the things; she said he was. I saw nothing then upon him; I went to a neighbouring magistrate, after that to Justice Welch's. I then went home, but as I went back, I saw in the place where the boy was stopped a taller man idling about there; I thought this might be one of his accomplices looking for the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180023"/> things; seeing nothing there, I thought they might be thrown into some of the areas; I desired the people to look there, and at the fourth house from the place she said she was robbed at, the bundle was found down the area. I afterwards carried, the bundle to Justice Gretton's where Mr. Edwards was going, as Justice Welch was not at home; there the bundle was examined, and delivered again to me. I have had it in my custody ever since.</p>
<p>[It was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.]</p>
<p>I am not the person who stole the things; I was passing at the time.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-19-verdict112" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-19-verdict112" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-19-verdict112" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-19-punish113" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-19-punish113" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-19-defend286 t17780218-19-punish113"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p>
<p>[The prisoner was recommended by the Jury to his Majesty's mercy.]</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-20">
<interp inst="t17780218-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-20-off114-c243" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-20-defend292 t17780218-20-off114 t17780218-20-verdict116"/>
<persName id="t17780218-20-defend292" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BOLTON
<interp inst="t17780218-20-defend292" type="surname" value="BOLTON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20-defend292" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20-defend292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-20-off114" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-20-off114" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20-off114" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a watch, the inside case made of metal, gilt with gold, and an outside shagreen case, value 20 s. a stone seal, set in base metal, value 18 d. a base metal watch key, value 1 d. and a steel watch-hook, value 2 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-20-victim293" type="victimName"> John Row
<interp inst="t17780218-20-victim293" type="surname" value="Row"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20-victim293" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-20-victim293" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-20-off114 t17780218-20-victim293"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-20-cd115" type="crimeDate">Feb. the 13th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-20-off114 t17780218-20-cd115"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-20-verdict116" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-20-verdict116" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> NOT GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. RECORDER.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-21">
<interp inst="t17780218-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<interp inst="t17780218-21" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-21-off117-c245" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-21-defend295 t17780218-21-off117 t17780218-21-verdict120"/>
<persName id="t17780218-21-defend295" type="defendantName"> BENJAMIN DARE
<interp inst="t17780218-21-defend295" type="surname" value="DARE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-defend295" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-defend295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-21-off117" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-21-off117" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-off117" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780218-21-victim297" type="victimName"> Edward Lucas
<interp inst="t17780218-21-victim297" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-victim297" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-victim297" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-21-off117 t17780218-21-victim297"/> </persName> , feloniously did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person, and against his will, three guineas in monies, numbered, the property of the said Edward </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-21-cd118" type="crimeDate">December the 9th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-21-off117 t17780218-21-cd118"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person298"> EDWARD LUCAS
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person298" type="surname" value="LUCAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person298" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>On Tuesday, December the 9th, I was robbed on the
<placeName id="t17780218-21-crimeloc119">Acton road, near Shepherd's-Bush</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="Acton road, near Shepherd's-Bush"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-21-off117 t17780218-21-crimeloc119"/>; I was coming home at about seven o'clock in the evening; I met a stage at Acton-Bottom, and two men on horseback riding after it; I passed them; when I came to Shepherd's-Bush, I heard somebody coming very fast after me on horseback; I was in a one horse chaise; I turned my head, and saw the prisoner; he then was along-side of me; he bid me stop and deliver my money; I did not immediately pay any regard to what he said; I turned my head another way; he again bid me deliver my money; I took out a canvas bag, containing three guineas and a few shillings, and gave it him; he had a pistol very near me.</p>
<p>Was it light or dark? - Very moonlight.</p>
<p>Had you ever seen the prisoner before? - I cannot say I had, unless he was the man I met before; he gave me a crooked shilling back, and said, here is a shilling to carry you to London; I told him I had paid the turnpikes; but I took it, and thanked him; it was, however, a bad one; I remembered I had a bad crooked shilling some time before; I told him it was a bad one; he took it again, and gave me another; I asked him to give me the bag again, that it was a bag I had had some time, and he gave it me; he shook me by the hand twice, and bid me a good night; I was as near to him as I could be; he turned back, and I came strait on for London; when I had got about ten or fifteen yards from the place where he robbed me, I turned my head and thought I saw him hold rather off towards the common; I thought he would not go back towards Acton, as I suspected he had robbed the coach I met, but that he would turn off towards town; as I thought I might meet with him at Hyde Park-gate, I gallop'd my horse all the way as hard as he could lay legs to the ground, till I came to Tyburn-gate; then I turned down Park-lane to Hyde Park-gate; I jumped out of the chaise, and I told the man at the gate that I had been robbed; I had a grey horse in the chaise; I took it out and put it behind the house, left if he came up he should know it; I had a large horse-man's great coat on; I went into the little hut at the gate, and laid it down on the table; I had not been there above two minutes before the prisoner came up to the gate; I said to the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180024"/> man at the gate, I believe this is the man that robbed me just now; I think this is he; the man flung the gate open, and I walked close up to the horse's shoulders and looked him full in the face; I saw he was the man that had robbed me; the moment I saw he was the man that had robbed me; I struck him with my hand on the face; he fell backwards a little on the horse's hips; I catched hold of him by the collar with my left hand, and pulled him down; when he was down, I struck him, I believe, a time or two in the face; I knocked him down, I believe, two or three times; in the struggle, I observed him put his hand to his pocket; I clapped my hand upon it, and found something hard; I d - d him, and said he had got a pistol there; I catched hold of him with my left-hand, and struck him in the face, and he fell down, and I took the pistol from him; he had not quite drawn it out; I searched him, and found another pistol in his pocket; I took them both from him, and then I led him by the collar into the house.</p>
<p>[The pistols, which were very small pocket ones, were produced in court.]</p>
<p>Did you not observe the colour of his horse when he robbed you? - Yes; a dark brown horse with a large white snip in his nose; I did not take so much notice of the horse as I did of his face; when he robbed me, I looked in his face all the while; before I led him into the house, I called out for assistance to the turnpike men, but they refused assistance and d - d me, and said they thought I had beat the man enough; I led him into the house, and tied his hands together with a silk handkerchief; I then brought him out and put him in the chaise, and brought him home to my own door; I gave a gentleman's servant a shilling to ride the prisoner's horse home; coming along the street, he wanted me to let him get out and run away; and said he would give me my money back again.</p>
<p>What money? - He said he would give me my money back again; the three guineas he robbed me of; I told him if he did not sit quietly, I would tie his legs together; in short, I brought him home to my house, and sent for a neighbour to know what was best to do with him; he said, go before a Justice by all means; two or three neighbours came in, and saw me take him out of the chaise; we took him in a coach to Sir
<persName id="t17780218-21-person299"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person299" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person299" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; there is a gentleman here who heard his examination; I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My Lord, I am very unfortunate in retaining a counsel who does not attend; therefore, I beg leave to ask the witness a few questions:</p>
<p>I should be glad to know what dress the person was in who robbed you? - He had a brown coat on; I did not take so much notice of his dress as his face.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether you did not swear, before Justice Addington, that he had a great coat on with a cape buttoned up to his eyes, and a large flapped hat? - I cannot say; I said that he had a large flapped hat, and a long pig tail under his great coat that was not taken out when he came to the turnpike.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Had the person who robbed you a cape buttoned over his face? - He had a cape buttoned up under his chin, and his queue in behind.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not you swear it was buttoned up to his nose or eyes? - I did not say so; it was not so.</p>
<p>Prisoner. What conversation passed at the turnpike? - I have told the Court as near as I can possibly remember.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether you did not tell me if I would go quietly, you would never prosecute me; but would take me to my friends, and would never hurt me? - No; my Lord, he begged very hard for it, and said he was a merchant's son.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You never promised me you would not prosecute me if I would go quietly with you? - I never promised you any such thing.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether you are not exceedingly near sighted? - I am very near sighted.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether you are not so near sighted as not to be able to know persons that pass you in the middle of the day? - I can see better in the dusk of the evening when the light is not very glimmering, than
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180025"/> in the middle of the day; my ball is too large for my sight when the sun is too glimmering; my eye-sight is very bad; I can see better in the dusk than when the light is very strong.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether I was not the first man that came up to the turnpike after he complained of the robbery? - I believe he was.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether from the time you took me at the turnpike, till you found the pistols upon me, you did not say, you only believed I was the man? - No; I was positive to him as soon as I went up to his horse's shoulder and looked at him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Whether you ever said you was sure I was the man, till you found the pistols upon me? - I should not have struck him, if I had not been positive he was the man when I looked at him.</p>
<p>Court. Whether you ever positively said he was the man, till you found the pistol upon him? - When I saw him coming, I said to the turnpike man that I believed he was the man.</p>
<p>Court. Whether you ever said to any man before you found the pistol upon him, that is the man who robbed me? - No; I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I believe he has said that after he did find the pistol upon me, he never said if I would go quietly with him he would not prosecute me. Was there any other conversation at the turnpike? - I do not recollect that there was; I was alarmed when I found the turnpike men would not assist me.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I told him I was the son of a Mr. Dare, and that one of my trustees was Mr. Watkins, in Newport-street; the prosecutor said, Young man you have very good friends, if you will go home with me quietly I will not prosecute you. - I deny that any such conversation passed; he said he was the son of a Mr. Dare, and had good friends; that he was a merchant's son in the city.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You did not mention that you would take me home to my friends, and would not prosecute me? - I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You choose to swear that positively? - Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Who were at your house when I came home? - The persons are here.</p>
<p>Prisoner. How many were there of them? - My house was pretty much crouded.</p>
<p>Prisoner. How many went to Sir
<persName id="t17780218-21-person300"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person300" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's? - Three; Campbell, Linguard, and Figgins.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Do you recollect any conversation which passed there? - I cannot particularly say what passed at my own house; the witnesses here will probably recollect it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not I say to you, at your house, in the presence of Campbell, Linguard, and Figgins, Good God, did not you tell me, that if I would go quietly to your house, you would not prosecute me? - I did say that.</p>
<p>Prisoner. And did not you reply, that you said that only to get me quietly home in the chaise? - I might say that; I do not know.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person301"> MICHAEL HATCHISON
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person301" type="surname" value="HATCHISON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person301" type="given" value="MICHAEL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner came to hire a horse of my master, who lives in Castle-street, Leicester-fields, upon a Tuesday, but I cannot recollect the day of the month; I believe it was December, about the 9th day of the month; he had the horse at about half after two o'clock; it was a brown horse; it had a star and a snip.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person302"> WILLIAM BARNET
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person302" type="surname" value="BARNET"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person302" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was at Sir John Fielding's office when Mr. Lucas brought the prisoner there; I searched the prisoner, and found three guineas in his waistcoat pocket, 16 or 17 s. and some gun-powder and balls.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I cannot swear to any of the money.</p>
<p>I have many witnesses to call.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person303"> EDWARD SOKER
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person303" type="surname" value="SOKER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person303" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I kept the turnpike, at Hyde-parker corner, the night this affair happened. Mr. Lucas came riding up Piccadilly very fast; he jumped out of the chaise; I helped him off with his great coat; I asked him what was the matter? he said, he had been robbed, and the highwayman was coming; I immediately shut the gate as he desired me.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180026"/> In the space of about a minute the prisoner came up on horseback. I had the key in my hand; Mr. Lucas said, I believe this is the man. I went and opened the gate; Mr. Lucas followed me close. As the prisoner came through the gate, I asked him for the toll; he said, he had paid me in the morning. Mr. Lucas came up directly, and catched him by the coat with his left hand, and struck him; he was then rather behind the prisoner; I was standing at the horse's shoulder; he repeated his blow twice; he struck him as hard as he could, and made the horse reel; then he pulled him down on the ground, and beat him unmercifully, and he called out to the turnpikemen to assist him; I was by him all the time; I said you don't want any assistance to beat the man; let him get up on his legs, and take him to the toll-house; he then dragged him across the street on his back; when he was down he had his knees on him, and kept beating him in the face; I said, what signifies beating the man? let him get up, and take him into the toll-house. At last he got him to the toll-house, and the prosecutor was there with him, I believe, twenty minutes; he tore the skirt of his coat off, and would have beat him in the toll-house, if we would have let him; he asked us for something to tie the prisoner's hands. The prisoner then called Mr. Lucas by his name several times; by what means he knew him I don't know, though, I believe, he had told him that his name was Lucas; when he had tied the prisoner's hands, he asked him who he was? The prisoner told him his name was Dare; the prosecutor said, you are but a young man.</p>
<p>Did the prisoner say where he lived? - I don't recollect that he did. Mr. Lucas then said, I will take you home to your friends, young man; he repeated that several times, and that he would shew him mercy on that account; he asked him for the three guineas; the young man never confessed having the three guineas, or that he had robbed him, or any thing of it. Mr. Lucas took him in the chaise, and Sir
<persName id="t17780218-21-person304"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person304" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person304" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men came that night for his coat. The prosecutor had represented, that he had no assistance at all from the turnpikemen, and Sir John's man took down my name, and the name of another young man who was upon duty; I told him when the prosecutor came to the gate, that he should have all the assistance needful; he had all the assistance necessary; he was in the toll-house twenty minutes; when we were the next day before Sir
<persName id="t17780218-21-person305"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person305" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person305" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he d - d me for a rascal, and said he never saw me in his life before; whether he is a proper person to swear against a man, I don't know; it appears to me that he was very short-sighted.</p>
<p>From the Jury. How far was the prisoner from him when he said, he believed he was the man? - About seven or eight yards, I believe.</p>
<p>What sort of a night was it? - Very star-light; but, I believe, there was no moon.</p>
<p>From the Prisoner. Whether Mr. Lucas did not say at the turnpike, that if I would go with him, he would not hurt me? - He did say so.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did I not say that Mr. Watkins was my trustee? - He might say that, but I don't recollect it.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person306"> BENJAMIN LAY
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person306" type="surname" value="LAY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person306" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I keep a fruit shop. As I was standing in my little shop, at the back of the turnpike, I heard a great noise; I ran round to the gate; Soker was then taking the toll of the gate; I said for God's, sake, what is this gentleman beating the man so for? Soker said, he says, he believes he is a highwayman. I begged of Mr. Lucas not to beat him so; Mr. Lucas was standing over him. I desired him to get off, for he was repeating his blows as fast as possible; I got him up, and Mr. Lucas went to repeat his blows again. The prisoner staggered up against the wall; he again attempted to strike the prisoner, and several blows came upon my shoulders and arms; I said he should not beat him so; I kept him off; I asked him if he was sure that the prisoner was the man; he said he believed he was the man; I said he should not beat him so, if he was not sure, he might kill the man; he said again, he believed he was the man, but he was not sure that he was; then he wanted the prisoner to strip; I said, No; I had got him safe in my hands, and he should not; I said,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180027"/> if you think he is the man, why don't you search him? Why do you stand damning and swearing here? he is as quiet as a lamb. Then Mr. Lucas put his hand to his right-hand pocket; he found something, and said, here is a pistol here; he took hold of his coat with both hands, and tore the stap intirely off; I said to him, Sir, why do you so? you might blow one's brains out, taking such a sudden jerk as that; why don't you search his pocket? then he put his hand into the prisoner's pocket, and took out a pistol. Now, says he, I am almost sure that you are the man. Mr. Lucas then d - d and swore very much, and tried to repeat his blows upon him; I told him he should not strike him, nor no man should while he was in my care; he d - d me for a rascal, and asked me who I was? then he took another pistol out of the prisoner's pocket. Mr. Lucas did not seem to be positive throughout the whole that he was the man. Then the prosecutor stamped and swore, and tore about very much, and said, that he was a better man than him. The young fellow (the prisoner) stood very quiet; he made no resistance in the world. Mr. Lucas took out a handkerchief, and tied his hands. The prisoner called Mr. Lucas by his name. Mr. Lucas asked what he was when he came a little to himself? The prisoner said, that his name was Dare, and that his father was a timber merchant in Long Acre. He begged very much for mercy, and the prosecutor said he would take him home to his friends, and would shew him mercy, and not hurt him, he repeated that seven or eight times; we were then very happy within ourselves, to think that the young man had fallen into such good hands that would not hurt him, after beating him in the cruel manner he had done; then we conducted him to the chaise, and Mr. Lucas said, he would take him home to his friends, and would not hurt him, but would shew him mercy; therefore we took no more notice of it.</p>
<p>From the Prisoner. Did I make any confession at the turnpike? - None at all.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Because the word mercy might convey tan idea as if I had made a confession; was not the word mercy relative to his beating me?</p>
<p>Court. What did you understand by the word mercy? - From his beating him.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person307"> RICHARD ANDERSBY
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person307" type="surname" value="ANDERSBY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person307" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I heard a rustling under my window, near the turnpike; I threw up the sash, and saw the prisoner under the hands of Mr. Lucas; he said, will nobody help me to take an highwayman? and went up and took him into the toll-house; I followed; Mr. Lucas said to him, d - n you did not you give me a shilling? the prisoner made no answer to the question; they proposed taking him to the chaise, and whether the prisoner put his hands to his cloaths or no I cannot say, but Mr. Lucas said to him, d - n you keep your hands from your cloaths or I will not go with you; I said the young man cannot hurt you, as he has got no arms about him; the prisoner said, Sir, if you are afraid of me tie my hands, which Lucas did with a handkerchief; then they took him to the chaise.</p>
<p>From the Prisoner. Did I make any answer about the shilling, or make any confession? - None that I heard.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not Mr. Lucas promise not to prosecute me? - He said he would take the young man home to his friends, upon which we were very happy.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person308"> BENJAMIN FIGGINS
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person308" type="surname" value="FIGGINS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person308" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was in a public-house near Mr. Lucas's; Mr. Lucas came in, and said, Figgins I have taken a highwayman, will you go with me? I asked where he was? he said at my house; I went with him; we met Campbell, and went to the prosecutor's house; the prisoner said, Good God! is it come to this - Mr. Lucas, you will not prosecute me? I said I believed he could do nothing else; the prisoner said again, Good God! you will not prosecute me. Did not you promise not to prosecute me? I think Mr. Lucas said he did say so, in order to keep him quiet in the chaise.</p>
<p>You have known me some time? - I have employed Mr. Naylor, to whom the prisoner was a clerk; I never heard any thing dishonest of the prisoner; he once brought me 40 l.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180028"/>Prisoner. My Lord, I have a witness to prove that Mr. Lucas said last sessions, that he could not swear to the identity of my person.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person309"> CHARLES WEST
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person309" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person309" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a sheriff's officer; I was at the Rose coffee-house, in the Old Bailey, last sessions; the prosecutor came in, and he and one Mr. Chappel talked with respect to the robbery; I heard Mr. Lucas say, that he could not swear rightly to the identity of the prisoner; and he said, he had no doubt, from the circumstances of the robbery, but he must be cast; the gentleman replied, Sir, I believe, you are near sighted; because, during the sessions, he had spectacles on.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person310"> THOMAS YEOMAN
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person310" type="surname" value="YEOMAN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person310" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner from his childhood. Upon the death of his mother, who survived his father, myself and two other persons were left trustees to him, and three other children; I was very happy in having him articled to a particular friend, an attorney. During the beginning of his clerkship, I expected he would have been a shining instance of goodness, and an help to the rest of the family; I know nothing against him from my own knowledge.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person311"> WALTER WATKINS
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person311" type="surname" value="WATKINS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person311" type="given" value="WALTER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am another of the trustees for this unhappy youth; I never heard any thing of this kind of him before.</p>
<p>What is his character? - I never heard any thing of this kind; but he was a giddy youth, as too many are at this day.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person312"> ROBERT CAMPBELL
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person312" type="surname" value="CAMPBELL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person312" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I knew the prisoner in the life-time of his parents, and I have been several times in his company when he was with Mr. Naylor; I have been in the country with him upon business; I thought him a virtuous, sober, youth; if he was at liberty, I would trust him with any sum.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person313"> FREDERICK MILLER
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person313" type="surname" value="MILLER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person313" type="given" value="FREDERICK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner's friends very well, and I knew him; I never heard any thing amiss of him; he behaved himself well to his master; he was a good apprentice or clerk.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person314"> WILLIAM RUSSELL
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person314" type="surname" value="RUSSELL"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person314" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him four years; I looked upon him to be a very honest, industrious, young man; I never heard any thing amiss of him, till I heard of this charge.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person315"> WILLIAM WEST
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person315" type="surname" value="WEST"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person315" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner; I always believed him to be an honest, virtuous, young man; I never heard any thing amiss of him, till this unhappy affair.</p>
<p>Another Witness sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner three years; his master carried on a suit for me; the prisoner behaved very well at that time.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person316"> JOSEPH PALMER
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person316" type="surname" value="PALMER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person316" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner from a child; I looked upon him in an honourable point of light.</p>
<p>HOLTON VERE sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner a long time; I never heard any thing amiss of him before.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person317"> JOHN MIDDLETON
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person317" type="surname" value="MIDDLETON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person317" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner eight years; I have heard his master speak of him as an able and useful clerk; I have known his master to trust him with large sums, which, I believe, he has always discharged very punctually.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person318"> JOHN LAYCOCK
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person318" type="surname" value="LAYCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person318" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner from a child; I always looked upon him to be a virtuous young man; I never heard any thing amiss of his conduct till this time.</p>
<p>Mr. HUMPHERYS sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner fifteen years; I lived with his father; the prisoner always bore a good character; I never heard any thing amiss of him till this time.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person319"> GEORGE COLLET
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person319" type="surname" value="COLLET"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person319" type="given" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known the prisoner five years; he always behaved very well.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person320"> RICHARD GENT
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person320" type="surname" value="GENT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person320" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I was clerk to the prisoner's father five years; I never knew any harm of him in my life.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person321"> RICHARD GEORGE
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person321" type="surname" value="GEORGE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person321" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him two or three years; I always thought him to be an honest, sober, religious, good lad.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person322"> BENJAMIN FIELD
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person322" type="surname" value="FIELD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person322" type="given" value="BENJAMIN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him about five years; I had a good deal of business with him in his clerkship; he always behaved like a gentleman; I never heard any harm of him; I would have trusted him with a 1000 l.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180029"/>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person323"> ANDREW NASH
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person323" type="surname" value="NASH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person323" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him from a child; from what I knew of him, I would have trusted him with untold gold.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person324"> CHRISTOPHER LEWIS
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person324" type="surname" value="LEWIS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person324" type="given" value="CHRISTOPHER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him about seven years; I looked upon him to be a sober, honest young man; I lived opposite to him whilst he was with Mr. Naylor; I never heard any thing against his character till this.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person325"> JOHN HOPPER
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person325" type="surname" value="HOPPER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person325" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him between six and seven years. The neighbourhood looked upon him in a very respectable light.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-21-person326"> THOMAS HINDE
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person326" type="surname" value="HINDE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person326" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-person326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I have known him ever since he came to Mr. Naylor; he always had a good character.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My Lord, I have a great many other gentlemen here; if your Lordship thinks it necessary, I will call them. I think the evidence of the prosecutor much contradicted by the rest of the witnesses. I desired mercy when he was beating me. I never made any confession at any time. The prosecutor is so very short-sighted, that he did not know the turnpikeman the next day, though he was with him in the toll-house for half an hour; yet he swore that he never saw him.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-21-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-21-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-21-verdict120" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> GUILTY </rs>
<rs id="t17780218-21-punish121" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-21-punish121" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-21-defend295 t17780218-21-punish121"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the First Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice ASHHURST.</p>
<p>[He was humbly recommended by the prosecutor to his Majesty's mercy.]</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17780218-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22" type="year" value="1778"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-22-off122-c276" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-22-defend328 t17780218-22-off122 t17780218-22-verdict126"/>
<persName id="t17780218-22-defend328" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH SINCLAIR
<interp inst="t17780218-22-defend328" type="surname" value="SINCLAIR"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-defend328" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-defend328" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-22-off122" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-22-off122" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-off122" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a cloth coat, value 5 s. a cloth waistcoat, value 2 s. a pair of cloth breeches, value 12 d. a linen gown, value 3 s. a linen apron, value 6 d. and two flat irons, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-22-victim330" type="victimName"> Richard Leach
<interp inst="t17780218-22-victim330" type="surname" value="Leach"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-victim330" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-victim330" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-22-off122 t17780218-22-victim330"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-22-cd123" type="crimeDate">February the 16th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-22-off122 t17780218-22-cd123"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-22-person331"> RICHARD LEACH
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person331" type="surname" value="LEACH"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person331" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I know the prisoner; I lost a coat, waistcoat and breeches; I live at
<placeName id="t17780218-22-crimeloc124">No. 9, Lamb's-buildings, Bunhill-row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-crimeloc124" type="placeName" value="No. 9, Lamb's-buildings, Bunhill-row"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-crimeloc124" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-22-off122 t17780218-22-crimeloc124"/>; I wore them last Sunday; I missed them on Monday evening, at about seven o'clock; they were found at
<persName id="t17780218-22-person332"> Noah Slee
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person332" type="surname" value="Slee"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person332" type="given" value="Noah"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person332" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, a pawnbroker, in White Cross-street; the prisoner was taken up, and she owned pledging them there; she came into my family to nurse my wife and child who were both ill.</p>
<p>I had been
<rs id="t17780218-22-deflabel125" type="occupation">nursing</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-22-defend328 t17780218-22-deflabel125"/> in the family fifteen or sixteen weeks; I had received but 6 s. of the prosecutor; I was distressed for money, and could not pay my way; I thought to fetch them out before Saturday night.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. She had money whenever she wanted.</p>
<p>[Slee, the pawnbroker, produced the things mentioned in the indictment, which he deposed he received of the prisoner, and they were deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<rs id="t17780218-22-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-22-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-verdict126" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> GUILTY of stealing to the value of 10 d </rs>.
<rs id="t17780218-22-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-22-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-punish127" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-22-defend328 t17780218-22-punish127"/> W </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr.
<persName id="t17780218-22-person333"> Baron PERRYN
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person333" type="surname" value="PERRYN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person333" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-22-person333" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-23-off128-c281" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-23-defend335 t17780218-23-off128 t17780218-23-verdict132"/>
<persName id="t17780218-23-defend335" type="defendantName"> THOMAS BOLSTER
<interp inst="t17780218-23-defend335" type="surname" value="BOLSTER"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-defend335" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-defend335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17780218-23-off128" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-23-off128" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-off128" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two pair of silver plated candlesticks, value 4 l. a silver plated coffee-pot, value 40 s. two silver plated waiters, value 40 s. a silver plated dish-cross, value 40 s. a pair of silver plated butter-boats, value 25 s. a two pair of silver plated salts, value 20 s. a silver plated sauce-pan, value 30 s. a silver plated ink-stand, value 30 s. another silver plated ink-stand, 25 s. a silver plated snuffer-stand, value 16 s. a silver plated toast-tray, value 20 s. and two pair of silver bracket candlesticks, value 4 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17780218-23-victim337" type="victimName"> William Nodes
<interp inst="t17780218-23-victim337" type="surname" value="Nodes"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-victim337" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-victim337" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-23-off128 t17780218-23-victim337"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17780218-23-cd129" type="crimeDate">January 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-23-off128 t17780218-23-cd129"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-23-person338"> WILLIAM NODES
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person338" type="surname" value="NODES"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person338" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17780218-23-viclabel130" type="occupation">goldsmith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-23-victim337 t17780218-23-viclabel130"/>, in New Bond-street. On the 6th or 7th of March, I sent my shopman,
<persName id="t17780218-23-person339"> Edward Calcott
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person339" type="surname" value="Calcott"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person339" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with the things mentioned in the indictment, in a box to the
<placeName id="t17780218-23-crimeloc131">Castle-inn, in Wood-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-crimeloc131" type="placeName" value="Castle-inn, in Wood-street"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-crimeloc131" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-23-off128 t17780218-23-crimeloc131"/>; I have a list of the things contained in the box (repeating them); it was directed to Messieurs Tudor and Co. at Sheffield; I wrote a letter of advice to my correspondent; I afterwards received a letter, informing me, that he had not received them; I went to Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person340"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person340" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person340" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, and got hand-bills printed offering five guineas reward; I never heard of them till within this month; then one
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180030"/> of Sir John's men informed me, that they had got my box; they knew it to be mine, by one of my shop-bills being in the box; I waited on Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person341"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person341" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person341" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on Wednesday was three weeks; I there saw a box, but not the same I sent; it contained all the plate I had lost, except two pair of silver candlesticks, which a pawnbroker had taken in pawn; the pawnbroker's servant was there with them; they are bracket candlesticks; I saw my shopman pack them up.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-23-person342"> EDWARD CALCOTT
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person342" type="surname" value="CALCOTT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person342" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am shopman to Mr. Nodes, and was in March last; I put the goods my master has mentioned into a box; about the 6th of March last, I took them to the Castle-inn, in Wood-street; I went to the yard, and asked for the book-keeper of the Sheffield waggon; they said he was in the tap-room; I went there, and asked for him; a man, standing with his back to the fire, said there were two of them, but neither of them were there; I said I had a box of goods, and wanted to know what I must do with them; he said I must leave them; I asked if he had no place or repository to put the box in, as it was not proper to leave it in a public tap-room, till the book-keeper came in; the man took the candle off the table, and desired me to follow him; he took me down eight or ten steps into a large vault; he put down the candle, and put the box on a butt that stood endways; and said, now, Sir, it is safe enough, I will take care and deliver it to him when he comes; I did not pay any thing; I then came away.</p>
<p>Can you tell who the man was? - No.</p>
<p>Do you know any thing of the box being found? - I saw the goods at Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person343"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person343" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person343" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; I am certain they were my master's goods, and the very same I packed up in the box.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He would have swore to a man at the Justice's that he delivered the box to, if his master had not cautioned him. - I told Sir John, I thought the tall man was the man to whom I delivered the box, but I would not swear to him; there were three men at the bar.</p>
<p>Was the prisoner one of the three? - I cannot say.</p>
<p>Whether the prisoner was one of the three men at the bar?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The prisoner was one of the three that were at the bar at Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person344"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person344" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person344" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, but not the tallest.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-23-person345"> JOHN FITZGERALD
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person345" type="surname" value="FITZGERALD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person345" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am servant to Mrs. Coleman, a pawnbroker, at the corner of Featherston-building's, Bedford-street, Bedford-row; I have the care of the whole business. On the 24th of last January, the prisoner came to me at about eight in the evening; he desired me to lend him a guinea and a half on the first pair of candlesticks (producing them); I asked if they were his own; he said they were his, that he had kept the Rose and Crown at Islington, and that he bought them at a shop near St. Andrew's Church, Holborn, with some butter-boats, and other things; to induce me to lend him the money, he produced a duplicate of a pair of salts which he had pawned with me a twelve month before; I lent him a guinea and a half on them; I have had them ever since. On the Wednesday following (the 28th) he brought me another pair, the fellows of them, and asked me to lend him two pounds upon them; I had taken down before where he said he lived, which was No. 1, Clerkenwell-close; I asked him, as before, how he came by them; he gave me the same account; I asked him if he had a bill and receipt; he said he had; I said I would keep the candlesticks till he went and brought it; he went, and returned in half an hour, and said he could not find it, but if I had a doubt about their being his, I might go to his lodging; I would not, but said if he would call in half an hour, I might let him have the money; he wanted the candlesticks; I said I would keep them till he came again, and would speak to my master about it; he went away, and I went to Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person346"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person346" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person346" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person346" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's and gave information of it, and brought Barnett with me; in about an hour the prisoner came again; we took him into the parlour and searched him, and found the duplicate I had given him; we took him to Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person347"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person347" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person347" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person347" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; when I returned, I found a hand-bill of the things mentioned in the indictment, dated May last; being so long ago I had forgot it; I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180031"/> have had the candlesticks in my possession ever since.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I believe they are my property; they are exactly the weight of those I lost. I can swear more particularly to some of the things in the box.</p>
<p>Calcott. I believe they are my master's; they were omitted to be filled up in the bottom; they fill them up with wood and cement, and green baize at the bottom.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-23-person348"> WILLIAM BARNETT
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person348" type="surname" value="BARNETT"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person348" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person348" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I am one of Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person349"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person349" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person349" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person349" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men. On the 28th of January, at about two o'clock, the last witness came to the office and informed us, that a person, whom he suspected, who had pawned a pair of candlesticks three or four days ago, had brought another pair, and was to call again. I went with him, and in about an hour the prisoner came; I secured and searched him, and then I took him to Bow-street. He told me he lodged at No. 1, in some buildings near Clerkenwell-Close; I forget the name. I asked him if he had any more of that sort of goods? he said he had not. Halliburton and I went directly and searched his lodgings, and found this box ; it was nailed up, and locked; we found the key in the pocket of a woman, who said she was his wife. I opened the box and saw it contained plate; then I locked it again, and took it to Sir
<persName id="t17780218-23-person350"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person350" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person350" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person350" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; the woman opened it at Sir John's; I found in it a bill of Mr. Nodes's shop; they were both examined; they varied in their accounts; we sent to Mr. Nodes; he came and saw the plate, and said it was his. The prisoner's brother, who was in the room when I went to search it, was kept in custody two or three days, and then discharged with two others that were with him.</p>
<p>What room did he say he lodged in? - I believe the two pair of stairs; we found the room as he said.</p>
<p>[The goods were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor and
<persName id="t17780218-23-person351"> Edward Calcott
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person351" type="surname" value="Calcott"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person351" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person351" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .]</p>
<persName id="t17780218-23-person352"> THOMAS WILSON
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person352" type="surname" value="WILSON"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person352" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person352" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>The prisoner kept the beer-tap, at the Castle-Inn, in Wood-street; he came on the 26th of February, and went away the 7th of May.</p>
<p>An acquaintance of mine, one
<persName id="t17780218-23-person353"> Samuel Jones
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person353" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person353" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-23-person353" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who kept the Queen's Head, Spittle-fields, brought a box to my house one evening, the latter end of August, or the beginning of September; he said he had an execution in his house, and begged I would go with him; I went to his house; I believe there was a man put in possession the next day; he brought the box, not mentioning what was in the box, neither did I ask him; he desired me to take care of it till he called for it; then he was removed into the rules of Charing Cross, I went to him at different times to see him; I was there on Saturday, and he desired me to come on Tuesday, and bring the box to him; and he would pay me what he owed me, upwards of 9 l. I went on the Tuesday as he appointed; he was gone on board a ship, and I have never heard of him since; I kept the box till after Christmas, before I knew what was in it. In the middle of January, I was distressed for money; I opened the box, as he owed me money, and I could hear nothing where he was; I found the property; I took two candlesticks to pawn; I never took the paper off; I did not see the whole of the things then; I only saw the candlesticks; I pawned them in my own name, in case he sent for them, to take them out again if he paid me the money; I did not know but they were his property; they were nailed down in a thin deal box; I broke the box as I was getting it open, so I put them into a box I had by me; when I kept the tap, I was a single man, and the porters and coachmen brought parcels into my cellar; I never took any charge of things that were brought in my life; my cellar is open to all the coachmen that go on the road; this Jones used to mind my business for me when I wanted to go out to order liquors, or see a friend, which is very well known; I expected witnesses; I wanted my trial put off; I employed a counsel who is not here.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I went to the tap-room when I found it was missing, and the prisoner said as he has now, that his vault was public, and he was not accountable for the things.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180032"/>[The prisoner called three witnesses who gave him a good character.]</p>
<p>To the Prosecutor. What is the value of the whole? - They cost me 30 l.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-23-verdict132" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-23-verdict132" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> GUILTY </rs>.</p>
<p>Tried by the Second Middlesex Jury before Mr. Justice GOULD.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17780218-24">
<interp inst="t17780218-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24" type="year" value="1778"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17780218"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24" type="date" value="17780218"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17780218-24-off133-c299" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-24-defend355 t17780218-24-off133 t17780218-24-verdict138"/>
<persName id="t17780218-24-defend355" type="defendantName"> EDWARD SULLENS
<interp inst="t17780218-24-defend355" type="surname" value="SULLENS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-defend355" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-defend355" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17780218-24-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17780218-24-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17780218-24-victim357" type="victimName"> Thomas Farrow
<interp inst="t17780218-24-victim357" type="surname" value="Farrow"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-victim357" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-victim357" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-24-off133 t17780218-24-victim357"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person an hempen bag, value 1 s. six pound weight of tea, value 30 s. ten pound weight of sugar, value 56. a leather trunk, value 5 s. a deal box, value 3 d. ten pound weight of ginger-bread, value 3 s. a basket of earthen-ware, value 10 s. and a hempen sack, value 6 d. the property of the said Thomas </rs>,
<rs id="t17780218-24-cd134" type="crimeDate">January the 31st</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-24-off133 t17780218-24-cd134"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-24-person358"> THOMAS FARROW
<interp inst="t17780218-24-person358" type="surname" value="FARROW"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-person358" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-person358" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<rs id="t17780218-24-viclabel135" type="occupation">keep a common stage-cart</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-24-victim357 t17780218-24-viclabel135"/>. On the 31st of January, between seven and eight o'clock in the evening, I met the prisoner between
<placeName id="t17780218-24-crimeloc136">Edmondton</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-crimeloc136" type="placeName" value="Edmondton"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-crimeloc136" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-24-off133 t17780218-24-crimeloc136"/> and
<placeName id="t17780218-24-crimeloc137">Enfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-crimeloc137" type="placeName" value="Enfield"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-crimeloc137" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17780218-24-off133 t17780218-24-crimeloc137"/>; I had a load of goods in my cart, the things mentioned in the indictment; as I was in my cart, on the foreboard, driving a smart pace, I turned my head, and saw my cart all open behind; I said to myself, God bless me; the prisoner cried, holoa; by that, I think, he heard me; I replied, holoa; he asked me what was the matter? I answered, matter enough; then he flew to the fore-part of the cart, and said, stop this minute, or I will blow your brains out; he clapped a cutlass to my breast.</p>
<p>Was it light enough to see the cutlass? - Yes; he was close to me; his hand partly touched my breast; he said, blast your bloody eyes, if you offer to turn your head, I will cut it off; I said I had a large family, and begged he would spare my life; then he holoa'd out two or three time, come on, come on; upon which two other persons came up; one came on the off-side of my cart, and the other got into the cart. The prisoner stood over me with a cutlass, with his back to the horse, and his face to me, about a foot and half from me; he held the cutlass</p>
<p>to my breast; he again blasted my bloody eyes, and said, if you offer to move your head, I will cut it off; I kept begging he would save my life; he made use of such wicked expressions, that I was afraid he would kill me. They took the hempen bag that contained the tea and sugar; the prisoner helped it down out of the cart; the man in the cart took the leather trunk, and gave it to the man on the off-side. The deal box was taken out by the same person. The basket with the earthen-ware was taken out by the same man; the prisoner stood over me all the time with the cutlass; he only helped to take the sack out; they likewise took an empty sack which was found in the prisoner's stable; when they had taken the things out, the prisoner called to one of them, come here, and take this pistol; and, if he stirs, blow his brains out, and I will go and see if all is got off. The man came and stood at the horse's head, and the prisoner went away, and returned again, and said, they were all off, all clear. The man he placed at the horse's head replied, now you may go on; the prisoner replied, No; d - n his eyes, he shall not go on yet; we will cut his reins, otherwise people will think he has not been robbed; the prisoner cut the near horse's rein, and the man who was at the horse's head cut off the horses reins close to their heads. I asked them to let me get down, and tie the horses together; they did, and I tied my horses together, and went home.</p>
<p>Are you sure the prisoner is one of the three persons? - Yes; it was a dark night; I know him by his make, being a square thick made man, and bigger than the other.</p>
<p>You had never seen him before? - I had not to my knowledge; I was robbed on the Saturday night; on the Sunday morning, I tracked a cart from the end of a lane just by where I was robbed; as I was going home, after I was robbed, I stopped, at a gentleman's, to deliver a message, a little cart went by me in the morning; I enquired if any body had seen a cart; I heard nothing of it till I came to Kingsland.</p>
<p>When did you hear of the cart? - On Tuesday the man at the Basing-house informed me of the prisoner and the cart. I had before given a description of him; upon
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177802180033"/> this information; I got a search warrant from Mr. Wilmot, and went to Cock-lane with Lee and another, and in the house of the prisoner we found an hempen sack; he said he did not know how the sack came there.</p>
<p>[The sack was produced in court by Lee, and deposed to by the prosecutor.]</p>
<p>Was there any body in the house besides the prisoner? - I did not see the prisoner in the house when we made the search; he was taken up on the Thursday. There were two women in the house; I was ordered to go to Mr. Wilmot's, and look at the prisoner; I did, and I said he was one of the men that robbed me.</p>
<p>How many people were in the room at the Justice's when you went in? - Six or seven. I knew him immediately.</p>
<p>You got none of your things again but the sack? - No; there were some earthen plates at the Justice's, which the prisoner said came out of my cart; he wanted to be admitted an evidence.</p>
<p>From the Jury. How long was you detained on the road before they let you go? - I believe a quarter of an hour.</p>
<p>Did no carriages pass you? - No; it was out of the main road beyond the church.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Did Lee say any thing to you about there being 40 l. reward? - No; he said nothing to me about it.</p>
<p>Had the prisoner a round hat on when he robbed you? - I cannot say; I could not distinguish his cloaths, only the make of the man; he was stouter than the other two.</p>
<p>And that is all the reason you have to know him? - By the glimpse of his face, and his changing so many words with me.</p>
<p>Do you recollect one Wale or Wade, or any body pointing this man out to you? - Nobody pointed him out; I found him out myself.</p>
<persName id="t17780218-24-person359"> THOMAS LEE
<interp inst="t17780218-24-person359" type="surname" value="LEE"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-person359" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17780218-24-person359" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>I attend Justice Wilmot's office; on the 3d of this month, the prosecutor applied to Justice Wilmot for a search warrant to search the house of the prisoner; I went with him; the prisoner was out at that time; I found a sack in the stable; we were told it was the prisoner's stable; and a cart, with his name on it,</p>
<p>stood in the yard opposite the stable; when he was taken and brought before the Justice, he wanted to be admitted an evidence.</p