<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<TEI.2>
<text>
<body>
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="17750531">
<interp inst="17750531" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="17750531" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="17750531" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="17750531" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="17750531"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f17750531-1">
<interp inst="f17750531-1" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the COUNTY of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 31st of MAY, Thursday the 1st, Friday the 2d, Saturday the 3d, Monday the 5th, and Tuesday the 6th of JUNE, 1775.
<p>In the Fifteenth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Fifth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable
<persName id="f17750531-1-person1"> John Wilkes
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person1" type="surname" value="Wilkes"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person1" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Taken down in SHORT-HAND by
<persName id="f17750531-1-person2"> JOSEPH GURNEY
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person2" type="surname" value="GURNEY"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person2" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>NUMBER V. PART I.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Sold by T. BELL, at (No. 26.) the Top of Bell-Yard, near Temple-Bar</p>
<p>(Price SIX-PENCE.)</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17750531-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN WILKES
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person3" type="surname" value="WILKES"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person3" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17750531-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> RICHARD ASTON
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person4" type="surname" value="ASTON"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person4" type="given" value="RICHARD"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench *. The Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17750531-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> JOHN BURLAND
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person5" type="surname" value="BURLAND"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person5" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +. The Hon. Sir
<persName id="f17750531-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> BEAUMONT HOTHAM
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person6" type="surname" value="HOTHAM"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person6" type="given" value="BEAUMONT"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Barons of the Court of Exchequer ||; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder ++;
<persName id="f17750531-1-person7" type="judiciaryName"> THOMAS NUGENT
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person7" type="surname" value="NUGENT"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person7" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Common Serjeant ~; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and Country of Middlesex.</p>
<p>The *, +, ||, ++, and ~, refer to the Judges by whom the prisoners were tried.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Townsend
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person8" type="surname" value="Townsend"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person8" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person9" type="jurorName"> John Jenkins
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person9" type="surname" value="Jenkins"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person9" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person10" type="jurorName"> John Grace
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person10" type="surname" value="Grace"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person11" type="jurorName"> William Bennet
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person11" type="surname" value="Bennet"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person11" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person12" type="jurorName"> William French
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person12" type="surname" value="French"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person12" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Finch
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person13" type="surname" value="Finch"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person14" type="jurorName"> William Wellings
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person14" type="surname" value="Wellings"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person14" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Samuel Allcock
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person15" type="surname" value="Allcock"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person15" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Charles Deacon
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person16" type="surname" value="Deacon"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person16" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Lane
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person17" type="surname" value="Lane"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person18" type="jurorName"> William Wistop
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person18" type="surname" value="Wistop"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person18" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Alexander Osborne
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person19" type="surname" value="Osborne"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person19" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Henry Capell
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person20" type="surname" value="Capell"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person20" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Charles Churchman
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person21" type="surname" value="Churchman"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person21" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Leonard Phillips
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person22" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person22" type="given" value="Leonard"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Joseph Lloyd
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person23" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person23" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Joseph Sutton
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person24" type="surname" value="Sutton"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person24" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Aked
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person25" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person25" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Richard Sheffield
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person26" type="surname" value="Sheffield"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person26" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person27" type="jurorName"> John Judson
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person27" type="surname" value="Judson"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person27" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person28" type="jurorName"> George Holroyd
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person28" type="surname" value="Holroyd"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person28" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Christopher Hall
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person29" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person29" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bonnell
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person30" type="surname" value="Bonnell"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person30" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person31" type="jurorName"> George Hall
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person31" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person31" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person32" type="jurorName"> John Johnston
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person32" type="surname" value="Johnston"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person32" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person33" type="jurorName"> John Lascelles
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person33" type="surname" value="Lascelles"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person34" type="jurorName"> William Foster
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person34" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person34" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person35" type="jurorName"> Edward Gascoyne
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person35" type="surname" value="Gascoyne"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person35" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Joseph Whittiker
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person36" type="surname" value="Whittiker"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person36" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person37" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Tibbs
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person37" type="surname" value="Tibbs"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person37" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person38" type="jurorName"> John Joyce
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person38" type="surname" value="Joyce"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person38" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person39" type="jurorName"> George Gardiner
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person39" type="surname" value="Gardiner"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person39" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person40" type="jurorName"> William Dymes
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person40" type="surname" value="Dymes"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person40" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person41" type="jurorName"> William Evatt
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person41" type="surname" value="Evatt"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person41" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Edward Powell
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person42" type="surname" value="Powell"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person42" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Edward Burch
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person43" type="surname" value="Burch"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person43" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17750531-1-person44" type="jurorName"> Ralph Johnson
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person44" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person44" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sewed part of the time in the stead of
<persName id="f17750531-1-person45" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Aked
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person45" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person45" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="f17750531-1-person46" type="jurorName"> William Dymes
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person46" type="surname" value="Dymes"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person46" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> as the stead of
<persName id="f17750531-1-person47" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bonnill
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person47" type="surname" value="Bonnill"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person47" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17750531-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-1">
<interp inst="t17750531-1" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-1-off2-c48" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-defend49 t17750531-1-off2 t17750531-1-verdict8"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310003"/>390. (M.)
<persName id="t17750531-1-defend49" type="defendantName"> ROBERT PERREAU
<interp inst="t17750531-1-defend49" type="surname" value="PERREAU"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-defend49" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-defend49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-1-deflabel1" type="occupation">Esquire</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-defend49 t17750531-1-deflabel1"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-1-off2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-1-off2" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> falsely making, forging, and counterfeiting a Bond in the penal sum of fifteen thousand pounds, condition for the payment of seven thousand five hundred pounds, in the name of
<persName id="t17750531-1-person50"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person50" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person50" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">Esquire</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-victim52 t17750531-1-viclabel3"/>, with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17750531-1-victim52" type="victimName"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim52" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim52" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>, against the statute.</p>
<p>Second Count. For feloniously forging and counterfeiting the said Bond, with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17750531-1-victim54" type="victimName"> Robert Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim54" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim54" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-1-viclabel4" type="occupation">Esquire</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-victim54 t17750531-1-viclabel4"/>, and
<persName id="t17750531-1-victim56" type="victimName"> Henry Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim56" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim56" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-victim56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-1-viclabel5" type="occupation">Esquire</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-victim56 t17750531-1-viclabel5"/>, against the statute.</p>
<p>Third Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same Bond as true, well knowing it to be forged, with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17750531-1-person57"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person57" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person57" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , against the statute.</p>
<p>Fourth Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same as a true bond well knowing it to be forged, with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17750531-1-person58"> Robert Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person58" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person58" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esquire, and the said
<persName id="t17750531-1-person59"> Henry Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person59" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person59" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esquire. *</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person60"> Henry Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person60" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person60" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I am a
<rs id="t17750531-1-viclabel6" type="occupation">banker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-victim56 t17750531-1-viclabel6"/>, in partnership with my brother,
<persName id="t17750531-1-person61"> Robert Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person61" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person61" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the executors of the late
<persName id="t17750531-1-person62"> John Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person62" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person62" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner, Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person63"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person63" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person63" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , came to me about the middle of last January, the 15th or 16th. He said, he desired the favour of me to let him have the loan of fourteen hundred pounds, that he had occasion for this money, as he had lately made a purchase in Suffolk or Norfolk, to the amount of twelve or fourteen thousand pounds. I told him, that the title deeds of such an estate were a good security, and if he would leave them, that he might have the money. Mr. Perreau said, that could not be, because the purchase-money was to be paid in the country. Then he said, he had got a bond of a gentleman whose name he was not at liberty at that time to mention, but, that if I knew the person, he was sure I could make no objection to it. I said, every thing depends upon the name, for some mens bonds are as good as other mens mortgages. Then he said, he had a house in Harley Street, Cavendish Square, which cost four thousand pounds: and he would leave with me the deeds of that house and the insurance of it, as a security for this fourteen hundred pounds, accordingly he came the next day, and did leave the deeds of the house as a security; and he received the money upon a note promising to assign the deeds, and to do every thing that was necessary: but as he only wanted it for ten days, I only took a note for it, without any further promise: this was about the 15th or 16th of January. I did not see him again till Tuesday the 7th of March. I was acquainted with him before, as an
<rs id="t17750531-1-deflabel7" type="occupation">apothecary</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-defend49 t17750531-1-deflabel7"/>, having known and seen him in two or three families, particularly Lord Egmont's, and Lord -. When he came upon the 7th of March, he made an apology for not having kept his word, as to the fourteen hundred pounds, which he borrowed but for about ten days, and he came then to borrow five thousand pounds, out of which he was to pay this fourteen hundred pounds. He then told me, that he had got leave of the gentleman, whose bond he formerly mentioned to give me his name. I asked my brother Robert to come in to consult about the propriety of lending such a sum as that; the prisoner then produced this bond; as soon as
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310004"/> we saw it, we both expressed a disbelief of its being Mr. Adair's bond; and asked the prisoner if it was Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person64"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person64" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person64" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, the late agent, that lived in Pall-Mall? He said, yes, it was, and that there could be no doubt about it; for that Arthur Jones, who was the solicitor of Mr. Adair, was a witness, and Start was his servant. I still expressed my doubts about the authenticity of the bond: upon which the prisoner said, Mr. Adair was his particular friend, that there were family connexious between them; that Mr. Adair had money of his in his hands, and that he allowed him interest for it. I understood likewise from him, but I cannot be certain of that particular fact, that the prisoner at that time said, that this bond was given by Mr. Adair to him as the balance of the account subsisting between Mr. Adair and him. Notwithstanding that, we told him that we did not believe it to be the hand-writing of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person65"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person65" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person65" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , because we had had dealings with him a good while age, and seen his draughts; and we desired him to call the next day.</p>
<p>He accordingly took the bond with him and went away: but in about two hours, he returned; my brother was then gone out, and I saw him alone. He told me, what my brother and I had thrown out respecting the signature to the bond, had alarmed him very much, and that he could not be easy in his own mind till he had called upon Mr. Adair, whom he luckily met before he went to take his ride; that he produced the bond to Mr. Adair; and Mr. Adair said, it was his signature, and that he might possibly have altered his hand, from the time we had formerly seen him write; but that we might let him have the five thousand pounds, and that Mr. Adair said, he would pay the bond in May; though in fact, it was not payable till July. Notwithstanding all this, I still had my doubts; I did not express them so strong, but told the prisoner, that he should leave the bond with me, in order to get an assignment of it, which he did, as I was desirous to get possession of the bond, in order to find out whether it was really a good bond or no. The prisoner very readily left the bond with me without any memorandum given by me; and I bid him call the next morning at eleven o'clock. I gave the bond to my clerk. I am certain this (looking upon the bond in question) is the bond I received of the prisoner.</p>
<p>My brother shewed the bond to Mr. Stephens of the Admiralty, a friend of Mr. Adair's. Mr. Perreau was to come again the next day; at eleven o'clock my mother and Mr. Stephens went that morning to Mr. Adair's. Mr. Perreau came to our house that morning about eleven o'clock, and my brother and I both expressed our doubts about its being the signature of Mr. Adair; but from what my brother had told me, of his interview with Mr. Adair, I could have no doubt. Mr. Perreau persisted in saying there could be no doubt about it; for that he had a letter from Mr. Adair, that Mr. Adair always wrote to him in a familiar style, and only signed the initial letters of his name. I understood that he received that letter the night before. He only shewed me the initial letters, to prove the intimacy; we said nothing would convince us of this being Mr. Adair's hand, but Mr. Perreau's going with us to Mr. Adair's, which he most readily assented to. Mr. Perreau and I went together in his coach, I had my carriage at the door, but his carriage being up first, he said you had better go in mine, itis the quickest. Mr. Perreau and I went together in the coach, to Mr. Adairs', nobody else was with us; my brother followed us; we found Mr. Adair at home; upon our entrance Mr. Adair took me by the hand, but he made a bow to Mr. Perreau, as a person he had never seen before; I told Mr. Adair, I came to him upon a disagreeable subject, I produced the bond, and asked him whether that was his signature at the bottom of it. He looked at it, and said, no; upon which Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person66"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person66" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person66" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> seemed surprized very much, and said to Mr. Adair, Surely, Sir, you are jocular, I replied it was surely no time for a man to be jocular, when another man's life was at stake, which I then considered to be the case; I asked him, what could all this mean; the person he pretended to be intimate with, did not seem so much as to know him? About that time my brother came in, a great deal of conversation passed backwards and forwards, at last Mr. Perreau said, he had the bond from his sister, Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person67"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person67" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person67" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who he desired might be sent for; to which we all agreed, and she was sent for; when she came, she was shewn the bond, and Mr. Perreau asked her, I believe, whether she did not give it him? she admitted she did, and in short took the whole upon herself, and acknowledged herself to be the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310005"/> forger of the bond and every thing. I asked him how it was possible for him to say he had received a letter from Mr. Adair, as he pretended, in that familiar stile, from a man he did not so much as know; and I desired to see the letter, which he produced; which letter I thought it very material, as well as the bond, to keep in my possession. We could get nothing from him but that he was an innocent man, and he did not mean to impose upon its, and that his sister could explain all. She did take it upon herself, expressed much regard for
<persName id="t17750531-1-person68"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person68" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person68" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and begged that an innocent man who had a family might not suffer; that he had a very good character, and was of a very respectable family, and that she was the cause of the whole, She desired at first to speak with Mr. Adair in a separate room; but that Mr. Adair declined, and said, she could have nothing to say to him that would not be proper to say before my brother and me. That is all that passed. We were three or four hours together; we sent for
<persName id="t17750531-1-person69"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person69" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person69" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to see if he could throw any light upon it; he declared he was quite a stranger to the whole affair. This was upon a Wednesday, we parted, and I saw no more of
<persName id="t17750531-1-person70"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person70" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person70" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> till the Saturday following, when I was sent for to Sir John Fielding's office; at that time a charge had been made by the prisoner against this Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person71"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person71" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person71" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , as she was called, but her name turned out to be Rudd: upon his bringing her there, I was sent for, I saw her there; there were several persons present. Mr. Dagge a friend of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person72"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person72" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person72" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, was the person that came from Sir John Fielding's office for me; they asked me at Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person73"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person73" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person73" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's what I knew about this matter; I told them all that had passed at Mr. Adair's, and at our house at Charing Cross; but I did not there relate the circumstances so particularly as I have now done.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever seen Mr. Adair write.</p>
<p>Drummond. I may have seen Mr. Adair write; but it is a great many years ago, I cannot charge my memory with it, but most likely I have.</p>
<p>Court. Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person74"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person74" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person74" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> would you ask this gentleman any questions, or leave it to your council.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Leave it to my counsel.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Counsel. I would ask you a few questions, in order perfectly to understand you. The first time that the prisoner came to you with this bond upon your inspection, and your brother's you expressed great doubts of its being Mr. William Adair's.</p>
<p>Drummond. I did.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose with a degree of positiveness that it was not?</p>
<p>Drummond. That we had great doubts.</p>
<p>Q. You expressed them over and over?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, over and over again.</p>
<p>Q. You shewed no manner of inclination therefore at that time to advance money upon this bond?</p>
<p>Drummond. None at all, further than telling him to leave the bond.</p>
<p>Q. The first time he came with the bond, on the 7th of March, you did not desire it to be left?</p>
<p>Drummond. No.</p>
<p>Q. You expressed no desire then to get possession of the bond?</p>
<p>Drummond. Not at that time.</p>
<p>Q. But you perfectly explained to him that you was almost satisfied that it was not Mr. Adair's hand?</p>
<p>Drummond. We expressed great doubts, there was a delicacy, we did not chuse to say he had brought us a forged bond.</p>
<p>Q. Was your brother with you upon this Tuesday?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you both express your doubts?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long did the prisoner stay, this first time?</p>
<p>Drummond. Eight or ten minutes; or a quarter of an hour, I cannot say exactly.</p>
<p>Q. And he returned you that same bond</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you call in any body but your brother, when he came the second time with the bond?</p>
<p>Drummond. Nobody whatever.</p>
<p>Q. I observed your expression was, that he said, there were family connexions, and he has my money, and pays me interest for it; can you take upon you to say with absolute certainty, whether he said, it was his money Mr. Adair paid interest for, or some of the family's money?</p>
<p>Drummond. His money.</p>
<p>Q. Are you quite sure of that?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310006"/>Drummond. Yes, I am quite sure of it.</p>
<p>Q. Did he take away, the bond that time?</p>
<p>Drummond. He did the first, time but not the second.</p>
<p>Q. He readily left the bond?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, without even a memorandum.</p>
<p>Q. Without any hesitation?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He did not offer any excuse not to leave it?</p>
<p>Drummond. No.</p>
<p>Q. He complied with your desire of leaving the bond, as the most innocent man would have done?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, readily.</p>
<p>Q. Are you perfectly sure that he said, he himself had seen Mr. Adair when he was going to ride, or that his sister, or any body else had?</p>
<p>Drummond. I am perfectly sure, he said, that he himself saw Mr. Adair, that he was in his boots, and he luckily catched him just before he was going to take a ride.</p>
<p>Q. You gave the bond to your clerk after Mr. Perreau was gone?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, to the clerk, or my brother.</p>
<p>Q. When you desired him to come the next day at eleven o'clock, did he readily consent?</p>
<p>Drummond. Very readily; he supposed, then for what I know, that he was to have the money, for he left the bond in order to have the assignment drawn up.</p>
<p>Q. Then during the times he was at your house, he did not once ask to have the bond away with him?</p>
<p>Drummond. No.</p>
<p>Q. When he first shewed you this letter, with Mr. Adair's initials, did you desire to read it?</p>
<p>Drummond. No, I do not think I did.</p>
<p>Q. He produced that letter merely to shew you the initials?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, I did not read it.</p>
<p>Q. Then he still insisted that the name was Mr. Adair's hand writing?</p>
<p>Drummond. He did.</p>
<p>Q. Who first proposed to go to Mr. Adair's?</p>
<p>Drummond. My brother, or I, I cannot tell which.</p>
<p>Q. Are you quite sure it was one of you?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You said, that immediately upon the proposal being made, he most readily consented to it?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, he did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe in his expression, or countenance, or behaviour, the least reluctance to come into the proposal of going to Mr. Adair?</p>
<p>Drummond. Not the least; for being convinced in my own mind that it was a forged bond. I looked steadfastly on his countenance, and could not see him alter in the least.</p>
<p>Q. You then went to Mr. Adair's?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. You have said he carried you in his coach?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, he said that would be the quickest way of going, his coach being first at the door.</p>
<p>Q. After Mr. Adair had denied that it was his signature, and you requir'd an explanation of the business, he almost immediately said, that his sister,
<persName id="t17750531-1-person75"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person75" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person75" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's wife would explain this?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, after my expressing my wonder and astonishment at what had passed.</p>
<p>Q. And as I understood you, he then for the first time appeared surpriz'd?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He proposed to send for Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person76"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person76" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person76" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; said he had it from her, and she would explain the whole?</p>
<p>Drummond. He did.</p>
<p>Q. How soon did she come?</p>
<p>Drummond. I believe as soon as the carriage would go up to Golden Square and return.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe any particular delay?</p>
<p>Drummond. No, she came as soon as the carriage could well bring her.</p>
<p>Q. You have said in the gross, that she took it wholly upon herself?</p>
<p>Drummond. She did,</p>
<p>Q. Did she do that in the presence of the prisoner?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, she said he was totally innocent, and she was the person that forged the bond, and begg'd us for God's sake to have mercy upon an innocent man, to consider his wife and children.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310007"/>Q. Do you recollect who first spoke to her, and what was said?</p>
<p>Drummond. I cannot charge my memory.</p>
<p>Q. She pressed to see Mr. Adair alone, which he declin'd?</p>
<p>Drummond. She did.</p>
<p>Q. Did she afterwards withdraw from the presence of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person77"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person77" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person77" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Drummond. I believe she was in a different room sometimes, with my brother and me, but I cannot speak particularly as to that.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell any particular circumstances how she came to do it?</p>
<p>Drummond. She acknowledged the whole, and said no body was meant to be injured; that it would all be paid; that she never meant to injure us or any body.</p>
<p>Q. She said that she had done it, and that he was perfectly innocent?</p>
<p>Drummond. She did.</p>
<p>Q. Did she give any account of any other bonds at that time?</p>
<p>Drummond. No, we had not an idea of any other bonds at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect her mentioning any circumstances how she came to be induced to do it, or how she carried it on?</p>
<p>Drummond. I do not recollect; she took the whole from
<persName id="t17750531-1-person78"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person78" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person78" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and said, she was the guilty person.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say under what circumstances she had written the name?</p>
<p>Drummond, I do not recollect that she did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you express any doubt whether she could readily write that name in the way in which it appears?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes we did.</p>
<p>Q. What was her answer?</p>
<p>Drummond. My brother said, that it was a masculine hand, and he did not think a woman could write it: she proved it, by taking a bit of paper and shewing us she could write it.</p>
<p>Q. And it was the same hand?</p>
<p>Drummond. It did appear to us to be the same.</p>
<p>Q. This was readily performed by her?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes, and I believe my brother put the paper into the fire.</p>
<p>Q. During all the time that she stayed at the house, she never once charged
<persName id="t17750531-1-person79"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person79" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person79" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> with knowing any thing of the matter, but allowed that he had the bond from her?</p>
<p>Drummond. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did she insist at the same time, that she had any acquaintance or connection with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person80"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person80" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person80" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Drummond. She did not to the best of my recollection.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say whether she knew him?</p>
<p>Drummond. I do not recollect.</p>
<p>Q. Was you present when Mrs. Rudd gave her information before the justice?</p>
<p>Drummond. I think I was, but I do not think I went very close to her.</p>
<p>Q. At that time, after Mrs. Rudd had come to you, I believe both you and Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person81"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person81" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person81" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> expressed yourselves, as considering the prisoner as her dupe?</p>
<p>Drummond. We both expressed ourselves to that effect. A constable had been sent for to Mr. Adair's; we dismissed him upon her acknowledging herself to be the guilty person.</p>
<p>Q. Was this letter the same kind of hand that Mrs. Rudd wrote when she wrote so readily the name
<persName id="t17750531-1-person82"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person82" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person82" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>A. It appeared 'to be the same; I think the W in the letter here is pretty much in the same style as the W to the
<persName id="t17750531-1-person83"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person83" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person83" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> that she wrote.</p>
<p>Q. You said that you had known the prisoner yourself some years.</p>
<p>Drummond. I had.</p>
<p>Q. I believe he had served as an apothecary several families you are acquainted with?</p>
<p>Drummond. He had.</p>
<p>Q. During that time, you mean to say, you had never heard any thing amiss of him, but he was well spoken of, and perfectly well respected?</p>
<p>Drummond. Perfectly so.</p>
<p>Q. I believe he was remarkably happy in his character.</p>
<p>Drummond. Exceedingly so.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that letter, and see if it be the same hand.</p>
<p>Drummond. It does appear to be the same hand</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown. At the time you was of opinion that Mr. Perreau might be innocent, did you know any thing with respect to the filling up of the bond, or who had done it?</p>
<p>Drummond. I had at that time no knowledge of that.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310008"/>Q. Nor by whose direction it was filled up?</p>
<p>Drummond. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person84"> Daniel Wheatley
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person84" type="surname" value="Wheatley"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person84" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am clerk to Mess. Drummonds, the bond is marked with my name; I had it from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person85"> Henry Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person85" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person85" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , upon the 8th of March; I delivered it to him again upon the 12th. It is in the same state in which I received it.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person86"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person86" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person86" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Wheatly. I saw him pass through the room.</p>
<p>Q. You had no conversation with him.</p>
<p>Wheatley. No, I had not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person87"> Robert Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person87" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person87" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I am a Banker, and am in partnership with my brother; the first time I saw the prisoner, was on the seventh of March, then I saw him at our house at Charing Cross; my brother called me in, and said, this is Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person88"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person88" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person88" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , whom I lent fourteen hundred pounds to, while you was out of town, and he now wants five thousand pounds, said he, he offersabond as a security for the five thousand pounds. I asked him whose bond it was; he said Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person89"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person89" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person89" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. What, said I, the late agent in Pall-Mall? He shewed me the bond. I said, why this is not his hand. I had seen his draughts and seen him write a great many years ago. Oh, said he, there is no doubt but it is his hand, it is witnessed by Mr. Jones, Mr. Adair's solicitor, and his servant. Said I, it is very odd, I have seen his hand formerly, this does not appear to be the least like it. I think, I said to him, if I was to take my oath, I would rather swear it was not his hand-writing. I said, the bond is made payable to you, was you present when it was executed? No, said he, I was not present. I believe my brother then said, come to morrow and we will give you an answer. When Mr. Perreau was gone, I told my brother I had great doubts about the signature, and I thought it would not be amiss to have the bond left with us, as it must be assigned if we advanced any money upon it. I went out with a gentleman who was then waiting for me; I returned in two or three hours, When I came back, I asked my brother if he had sent for the bond; he said Mr. Perreau has been here, and has left the bond. Mr. Perreau came again the next morning for his answer, Mr. Stephens and I had been previously with Mr. Adair, and shewed him the bond. I asked Mr. Perreau if this Mr. Adair was the late agent in Pall-Mall, I said, an elderly gentleman, and described him as well as I could. He said it was. I looked very stedfastly on his countenance, and did not observe it had any effect upon him. I said we have our doubts, and till these doubts are cleared up we can advance no money. I said, the only way of clearing up those doubts would be to go to Mr. Adair, if he had no objection. He said no; he looked at his watch, and said, if he is not gone out. I had not been come from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person90"> Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person90" type="given" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a quarter of an hour, but I did not tell Mr. Perreau that; he went with great readiness, without the least hesitation. The morning was rather wettish; my brother said, I have my carriage here, I will carry you. Mr. Perreau said mine is first, you had better go in mine. They both went in Mr. Perreau's carriage; I walked there soon after them.</p>
<p>I asked Mr. Perreau, when we were there, how he could account for this: he said at first, he knew nothing at all of it. Why, said I, it is evident this is not Mr. Adair's hand; and asked him how he came by the bond. We were surprized at his absurd conduct. I said, you are either the greatest fool, or the greatest rogue that I ever saw; I do not know what to make of you, you must account for this: how came you by this bond? Then he said, that will appear, if you send for my sister. I asked who that was. Why, said he, my brother, Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person91"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person91" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person91" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's wife. He called his servant, and sent the coach for her: he told the servant, she would be either in Golden Square, or Harley Street, but most likely in Golden Square: and the coach came back with her so soon, that I apprehend it did not go further than Golden Square. At first, she asked to speak with Mr. Adair in a room by himself. Mr. Adair declined that, and said, you are quite a stranger to me, and you can have no conversation with me that may not pass before these gentlemen. I had told him before this, that I would send for a constable directly, and send him before a magistrate if he would not tell his accomplices; for accomplices he must have, if he did not do it himself: then it was that he sent for his sister. She declared, that she forged the bond; that she signed the bond, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310009"/> that the letter was wrote by her. I expressed my doubts upon that, and said, it was so different from a woman's hand, that I did not think her capable of forging it; that nothing would convince me of it but her shewing me upon a piece of paper, that she could write that sort of hand. I said, I do not want to ensnare you, I will immediately throw it into the fire. She wrote upon a bit of paper,
<persName id="t17750531-1-person92"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person92" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person92" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or part of the name, so extremely like the signature to the bond, that it satisfied me, and I burnt the paper. Then Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person93"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person93" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person93" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said, he hoped, that the information she had given sufficiently acquitted him in our opinions. My brother made answer, he had better not enquire into that; he could say nothing to it, till he had consulted somebody of the law. Mr. Perreau immediately upon that, for the first time, expressed great unneasiness. He said, I would sooner have cut my right hand off, than have injured any man; and then, and then only, did he seem the least agitated. The first time that I heard this woman was called Rudd, was, I think, at Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person94"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person94" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person94" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's.</p>
<p>(Cross Examination.)</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen Mr. Adair's writing frequently, since that time?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. I have seen his handwriting.</p>
<p>Q. Is that an imitation of his handwriting?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. It is not the least like it; I never saw his christian name wrote at full length in my life: this was at full length.</p>
<p>Q. You told Mr. Perreau, you would rather swear it was not Mr. Adair's handwriting?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you at that time perceive any alteration in Mr. Perreau's countenance?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. No, not the least.</p>
<p>Q. Mrs. Rudd acknowledged the letter as well as the bond, to be her hand-writing?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. Yes, Mr. Perreau said, it was, and she acknowledged it.</p>
<p>Q. You likewise told us, that Mr. Perreau asked the question, whether he was not sufficently cleared in your opinion; and you hesitating; that then, and not till then, did he seem concerned?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. Yes, she said, Mr. Perreau was a very worthy man; he had a wife and family, and was in no shape guilty; that she had throughout the whole imposed upon him.</p>
<p>Court. Was you by when the prisoner said, he had been at Mr. Adair's, and that Mr. Adair was going out a riding?</p>
<p>R. Drummond. That was when I was out.</p>
<p>Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person95"> Thomas Frankland
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person95" type="surname" value="Frankland"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person95" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner?</p>
<p>Sir T. Frankland. He has been my apothecary about fifteen or sixteen years; I always looked upon him as an honest man, and I thought he was incapable of ever deceiving me at all. My uncle thought him so honest a man, that he always called him, honest Perreau.</p>
<p>Q. Whether you had, before March last, any bond or bonds in your custody, which were given you by the prisoner?</p>
<p>Sir T. Frankland. Do you, mean that I should tell all?</p>
<p>Q. No, only answer the question, whether you had any bond before March last. I want to know whether they were to be taken up in March?</p>
<p>Sir T. Frankland. The prisoner brought me two bonds at different times: one to
<persName id="t17750531-1-person96"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person96" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person96" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> for six thousand pounds, and the other to himself,
<persName id="t17750531-1-person97"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person97" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person97" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for five thousand three hundred pounds: that for five thousand three hundred pounds, which I lent him four thousand pounds upon was to be repaid on the 26th or 29th of March, with the three days grace the other was due on the 8th of March.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person98"> Richard Wilson
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person98" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person98" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Please to look at the bond in question; it is I believe your filling up.</p>
<p>Wilson. It is: I filled it up at the request of the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. When did you fill it up.</p>
<p>Wilson. The latter end of February, or the beginning of March last.</p>
<p>Q. I perceive it bears date to the 25th of January.</p>
<p>Wilson. I recollect I antidated it to the preceding January, at the request of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. When you had so fill'd it up and anti-dated it, did you give it back to the prisoner?</p>
<p>Wilson. I did.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310010"/>Q. And you never had it from any other hand, or gave it to any other hand but the prisoner?</p>
<p>Wilson. No.</p>
<p>Q. Where was it fill'd up?</p>
<p>Wilson. At my house at Charing-Cross.</p>
<p>Q. Was any other person present?</p>
<p>Wilson. No, except it was some of my family.</p>
<p>Q. You say, you did it by his direction; you had the directions I believe in writing?</p>
<p>Wilson. I had.</p>
<p>Q. Then produce them.</p>
<p>Wilson. These were the instructions the prisoner gave me: (producing them)</p>
<p>Q. Did he say any thing about the instructions, or what should be done with them?</p>
<p>Wilson. He said, Mr. Wilson, I have given you the instructions upon a piece of paper; I desire you will burn it. I told him, there was a minute upon the back of the paper of a petition to the recorder, and I could not burn it then, because of that minute. He desired I would burn it, when I had done with it, and I promised I would; but I put it in my desk and it slipp'd my memory.</p>
<p>Q. There were no names upon this bond at the time you fill'd it up?</p>
<p>Wilson. None.</p>
<p>Q. I see part of these instructions are scor'd through?</p>
<p>Wilson. They are.</p>
<p>Q. Who was that done by?</p>
<p>Wilson. The prisoner; after I had fill'd up the bond and before he left me.</p>
<p>Q. Can you read what is scor'd through?</p>
<p>Wilson. Yes. it is
<persName id="t17750531-1-person99"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person99" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person99" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of Pall-Mall, in the parish of St. James's, in the county of Middlesex, Esq; to
<persName id="t17750531-1-person100"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person100" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person100" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of Golden Square, in the county of Middlesex, aforesaid, Esq; the sum of 7500 l. to be paid upon the 7th of July next.</p>
<p>Q. Did he score this through after you had said you could not burn it then?</p>
<p>Wilson. He said, Mr. Wilson, we cannot burn this, because of the minute at the back: You will be sure to burn it; I said, I will.</p>
<p>Q. Have you fill'd up any other bonds for the prisoner before?</p>
<p>Wilson. I have.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person101"> Scroope Ogilvie
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person101" type="surname" value="Ogilvie"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person101" type="given" value="Scroope"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person101" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. You are acquainted I believe, with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person102"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person102" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person102" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of Pall-Mall?</p>
<p>Ogilvie. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know his hand writing?</p>
<p>Ogilvie. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him frequently write?</p>
<p>Ogilvie. Yes, frequently.</p>
<p>Q. Look at that name,
<persName id="t17750531-1-person103"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person103" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person103" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> there. Is that his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Ogilvie. No, it is not in the least like it.</p>
<p>Q. You are now clerk to him, I believe.</p>
<p>Ogilvie. Mr. Adair is not now in business.</p>
<p>Q. When did you quit his service?</p>
<p>Ogilvie. In the year 1765, when Mr. Adair quitted business.</p>
<p>Q. How lately have you seen him write?</p>
<p>Ogilvie. Since Christmas.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person104"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person104" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person104" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq:</p>
<p>Q. You are acquainted with the hand-writing of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person105"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person105" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person105" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the late agent I believe?</p>
<p>Adair. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Does the signature to this bond appear to you to be the hand-writing of Mr. Adair.</p>
<p>Adair. It is not.</p>
<p>Q. Does it bear any resemblance to it?</p>
<p>Adair. Not the least.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you receive any letter from Mrs. Rudd?</p>
<p>Adair. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was she with you?</p>
<p>Adair. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any conversation with her?</p>
<p>Adair. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Who was present when Mrs. Rudd had the conversation with you?</p>
<p>Adair. Nobody, only her and myself.</p>
<p>Q. For what purpose did she come to you?</p>
<p>Adair. She knows a gentleman that I know in the North of Ireland.</p>
<p>Court. That cannot be evidence.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>My lord, it has already been given in evidence, that Mrs. Rudd took it upon herself, and declared the prisoner totally innocent. This letter is exactly to the same purport, and this letter is written, as I understand, the day after she was at Mr. Adair's. The expressions
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310011"/> all along go not only to acquit the prisoner of an absolute forgery; but that he was perfectly innocent in the matter.</p>
<p>Court. Can her letter be stronger evidence than her own personal declarations? Both the Mr. Drummonds declare she took it upon herself; that she did it; that the whole was her's; and he was innocent: that is certainly stronger than her writing it down upon a piece of paper.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>I am perfectly satisfied with your lordship's declaration.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person106"> Arthur Jones
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person106" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person106" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq.</p>
<p>Q. Be so good as look at that bond; is the name
<persName id="t17750531-1-person107"> Arthur Jones
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person107" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person107" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the attesting witnesses, your hand-writing.</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Q. You know nothing at all of it.</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Q. Is it like your hand-writing?</p>
<p>Jones. Nothing like it.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the name
<persName id="t17750531-1-person108"> Thomas Hart
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person108" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person108" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or Start; have you a servant of that name?</p>
<p>Jones. No, I never had to my remembrance.</p>
<p>Q. You know nothing of that signature?</p>
<p>Jones. I never heard of the name.</p>
<p>The forged Bond was read in court, and was exactly as set forth in the indictment.</p>
<p>The letter produced by Mr. Drummond, read.</p>
<p>Tuesday Evening.</p>
<p>"Dear Sir,</p>
<p>"I am more obliged to you than I can express</p>
<p>"for the friendly trouble you take to get</p>
<p>"me accommodated; hitherto I have only in</p>
<p>"words expressed my sense for your kind attentions</p>
<p>"and service; a little time will afford</p>
<p>"me occasions to give you solid proof of my</p>
<p>"regard: to-day's business vexed me greatly,</p>
<p>"but the result is hazardable to all; but you</p>
<p>"will infinitely add to your favours by going</p>
<p>"to Sir T. F. either fixing 12 o'clock to morrow,</p>
<p>"to pay the money to him or the banker:</p>
<p>"my reason for it is truly this; that I ' have in case of necessity fixed with Crofts to</p>
<p>"let me have this evening 5900 l. but as I really</p>
<p>"have used my credit there, even more</p>
<p>"than I ever did before, or like, and seeing it the "' same to use the money for the payment, I with</p>
<p>"to spare my taking cash from C. if practicable,</p>
<p>"but in case ought should delay or prevent "' the money from D. S. to morrow, in that</p>
<p>"case you will go to Harley-street, where</p>
<p>"you will find my draughts upon Crofts, to receive</p>
<p>"from him five thousand pounds, so</p>
<p>"that half an hour cannot be lost either</p>
<p>"way. If you do not meet with Sir T. F.</p>
<p>"leave an explicit letter to the purpose, or</p>
<p>"send to the banker's, and say you will be</p>
<p>"with them to take up your bond, to prevent</p>
<p>"its coming out in the morning.</p>
<p>"Yours, W. A."</p>
<p>Directed to Mr. Perreau, Golden-Square.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person109"> Henry Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person109" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person109" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>I do not recollect whether you mentioned that
<persName id="t17750531-1-person110"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person110" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person110" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lived in Golden Square.</p>
<p>A. He does.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>My Lord, and Gentlemen of the Jury, If I had been wanting in that fortitude, which is the result of innocence, or had found any hesitation in submitting my proceedings to the strictest scrutiny, I need not at this day have stood before my country, or set my life upon the issue of a legal trial. Supported by the consciousness of my integrity, I have forced that taansaction to light, which might else have been suppressed; and I have voluntarily sought that imprisonment, which guilt never invites, and even innocence has been known to fly from. Ardently looking forward to this hour, as the sure, though painful means of vindicating a character, not distinguished indeed for its importance, but hitherto maintained without a blemish. There are many respectable witnesses at hand, and many more, I persuade myself, would be found if it had been necessary to summon them upon a point of such notoriety, who will inform your lordship and the court, how I have appeared to them to act, what trust has been reposed in me, and what credit I had in their opinions
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310012"/> for my diligence, honesty, and punctuality. In truth, my lord, I am bold to say, that few men in my line of life have carried on their business with a fairer character, not many with better success. I have followed no pleasures, nor launched into any expences; there is not a man living who can charge me with neglect or dissipation. The honest profits of my trade have afforded me a comfortable support, and furnished me with the means of maintaining, in a decent sort, a worthy wife and three promising children, upon whom I was labouring to bestow the properest education in my power: in short, we were as happy as affluence and innocence could make us, till this affliction came upon us by surprize, and I was made the dupe of a transaction from whose criminality, I call God, the searcher of all hearts to witness, I am now as free as I was at the day of my birth. - My lords, and gentlemen of the jurymen, men who are unpracticed in deceit, will be apt to credit others for a sincerity; which they themselves possess. The most undersigning characters have at all times been the dupe of craft and subtilty. A plain story, with the indulgence of the court, I will relate, which will furnish strong instances indeed of credulity on one part, which at the same time will exhibit a train of such consummate artifices, that are not to be equalled in all the annals of iniquity, and which might have extorted an equal confidence from a much more enlightened understanding than I can claim.</p>
<p>"The prisoner then stated many circumstances</p>
<p>"of imposition practiced upon him by Mrs.</p>
<p>"Rudd. - That she was constantly converting</p>
<p>"about the interest she had with Mr. William</p>
<p>"Adair. - That among other things,</p>
<p>"Mr. Adair had by his interest with his majesty</p>
<p>"obtained the promise of a baronatage for Mr.</p>
<p>"
<persName id="t17750531-1-person111"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person111" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person111" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and was about procuring him</p>
<p>"a seat in parliament. - That Mr. Adair</p>
<p>"had promised to open a bank, and to take</p>
<p>"the two Perreaus into partnership with him.</p>
<p>"That he received many letters signed William</p>
<p>"Adair, which he did not doubt really</p>
<p>"came from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person112"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person112" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person112" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . That Mr.</p>
<p>"
<persName id="t17750531-1-person113"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person113" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person113" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had promised to give them</p>
<p>"a very considerable part of his fortune during</p>
<p>"his life; and was to allow Mr. Daniel</p>
<p>"Perreau two thousand four hundred pounds</p>
<p>"per ann for his household expences, and</p>
<p>"six hundred pounds per ann, for her pin-money.</p>
<p>"That Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person114"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person114" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person114" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> purchased</p>
<p>"a house in Harley-street for four</p>
<p>"thousand pounds, which money Mr. William</p>
<p>"Adair was to give them. That when</p>
<p>"
<persName id="t17750531-1-person115"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person115" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person115" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was pressed by the person he</p>
<p>"bought the house of for the money, the prisoner</p>
<p>"understood they applied to Mr. William</p>
<p>"Adair, and that his answer was, That</p>
<p>"he had lent the king seventy thousand</p>
<p>"pounds, and had purchased a house in</p>
<p>"Pall mall at seven thousand pounds to carry</p>
<p>"on the banking business in, therefore</p>
<p>"could not spare the four thousand pounds at</p>
<p>"that time. And that Mrs. Rudd told him,</p>
<p>"(the prisoner) that Mr. Adair desired he</p>
<p>"would get a bond for five thousand three</p>
<p>"hundred pounds filled up, as he had done</p>
<p>"once before, and Mr. Adair would execute</p>
<p>"it. That after Wilson had filled up the</p>
<p>"bond, he delivered it to Mrs. Rudd, who</p>
<p>"gave it to the prisoner a day or two after</p>
<p>"executed. That he borrowed the four</p>
<p>"thousand pounds upon this bond, which</p>
<p>"was dated the 20th of December, of Sir</p>
<p>"
<persName id="t17750531-1-person116"> Thomas Frankland
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person116" type="surname" value="Frankland"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person116" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and delivered Sir Thomas's</p>
<p>"draught to Mrs. Rudd. That about</p>
<p>"the 10th of March, he told Mrs. Rudd that</p>
<p>"Mr. Adair's bond that he had given to Sir</p>
<p>"
<persName id="t17750531-1-person117"> Thomas Frankland
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person117" type="surname" value="Frankland"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person117" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in November, was nearly</p>
<p>"due; and Mrs. Rudd told him the next</p>
<p>"day, that Mr. Adair desired he would once</p>
<p>"more borrow for him five thousand pounds.</p>
<p>"That he made many objections to being employed</p>
<p>"in so disagreeable a business; but at</p>
<p>"last supposing he should oblige Mr. Adair, he</p>
<p>"consented, and accordingly got a bond filled</p>
<p>"up by the stationer for seven thousand five</p>
<p>"hundred pounds, payable to himself. That</p>
<p>"he delivered it to Mrs. Rudd on Saturday</p>
<p>"the 4th of March, in the presence of his</p>
<p>"wife, his brother, and Mr. Cassaday; That</p>
<p>"Mrs. Rudd returned it him executed on the</p>
<p>"Tuesday following. And that he never had</p>
<p>"the least suspicion but that the bonds were</p>
<p>"really executed by Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person118"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person118" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person118" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>"That when he took the bond to Mr. Drummonds,</p>
<p>"he did not say that he had himself</p>
<p>"seen it executed by Mr. Adair, but that he</p>
<p>"knew it was Mr. Adair's hand-writing, as</p>
<p>"he had often seen letters from Mr. Adair to</p>
<p>"Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person119"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person119" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person119" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and his wife. That</p>
<p>"when he informed Mrs. Rudd of the observations
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310013"/> " Mr. Drummond had made upon</p>
<p>"the signature to the bond, she went out, and</p>
<p>"upon her return she told him she had seen</p>
<p>"Mr. Adair, just as he was going out a riding,</p>
<p>"and that Mr. Adair told her that the alteration</p>
<p>"in the signature was merely the difference</p>
<p>"between age and youth, and that it</p>
<p>"was his hand-writing, and that he told</p>
<p>"Mr. Drummond so, and that he knew nothing</p>
<p>"of its being a surgery till the interview</p>
<p>"with Mr. Adair." - Having stated the above circumstances, the prisoner concluded his defence to the following effect:</p>
<p>My Lord, and Gentlemen of the Jury, I have now faithfully laid before you, such circumstances which have occured to my memory, as necessary for your information, in the order as they happened during my acquaintance with Mrs. Rudd, under the character of my brother's wife. Many have been the sufferers by artifices and impostors, but never man appeared, I believe, in this or any other tribunal, upon whom so many engines were set at work to interest his credulity. It will not escape the notice of this splendid court, that my compassion was first engaged by the story of Mrs. Rudd's sufferings, before my belief was invited to her representations. Let me have credit with you for yielding up by pity in the first instance, and you cannot wonder I did not with hold my credulity afterwards. It is in this natural, this necessary consequence, I rest my defence. I was led from error to error by such insensible degrees; that every step I took strengthened my infatuation. When Mr. Drummond first hesitated at the hand writing at the foot of the bond, I tendered in the name of
<persName id="t17750531-1-person120"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person120" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person120" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , if it did not so far alarm me as to shake my belief in this artful woman, from whose hands I had received it, let it be considered that I had been prevailed upon to negociate other bonds of this artful woman depositing them in the hands of bankers who had never spied any defect, or raised the least objection. These bonds had been punctually and regularly paid in due time. The letters sent to me, as if from
<persName id="t17750531-1-person121"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person121" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person121" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , critically agreed with the hand-writing of the bond. Mr. Adair did not keep money at Mr. Drummond's: opportunities of comparing his hand writing for many years, had not occured, and the hesitation upon his part, appeared to me no more than the exceptions and I minute precautions of a banker, which could not so suddenly overturn the explicit belief that I had annexed to all that was told me in Harley Street. Can any greater proof be given, than my own proposal to Mr. Drummond of leaving the bond in his hands till he had satisfied his credulity. Can your Lordship, or the gentlemen of the jury for a moment suspect, that any man could be guilty of such a crime, whose proceedings were so fair and open? that single circumstance I am satisfied, will afford my total exculpation. The resort to Mr. Adair was as easy to Mr. Drummond, as to the books in his compting house: it does not come within the bounds of common sense, much less does it fall within the possibility of guilt, that any man living should voluntarily, with his eyes open, take a step so directly and absolutely centering in his certain conviction. But this circumstance, strong as it is, is not all my case. I bless God, the protector of innocence, that in my defence, proofs arise upon proofs, the least of them I trust, will be thought incompatible with guilt: it should seem impossible that a guilty person would propose to Mr. Drummond to retain the bond for the satisfaction of his scruples; but that the same person, should after so long a time for consideration, had passed after my leaving the bond, which was full twenty-four hours, openly and in the face of the day enter the shop of Mr. Drummond, and demand if he had satisfied all his scruples; unless a man from meer desperation had been weary of his life, and fought a dissolution, this I humbly apprehend would be an absolute impossibility; but my lords, and gentlemen of the jury. I had neither in my breast the principle or guilt to commit that high offence against society, which would accompany the act; nor had I that desperate loathing of existence, as should bring a shameful condemnation upon my head: it is true, I have invited this trial, but it is equally true, I have done it in the consciousness of my integrity, because I could not otherwise go through the remainder of my days with comfort and satisfaction, unless I had the verdict of my countrymen for my acquital, and rested my innocence upon the purest testimony I could have on this side the grave. It is plain I had an opportunity of withdrawing myself:
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310014"/> how many men are there with the clearest intentions, yet from the apprehensions of being made the talk of the public, and above all, the dread of imprisonment, and the terror of a trial, would have thought themselves happy to have caught at any opportunity of saving themselves from such a series of distress. Greater confidence can no man be in of the integrity of his case, and the justice of his country. When it was found necessary to the designs of Mrs. Rudd, that I and my family should be made the dupe of her connections with the house of Adair; it may well be believed, that nothing but the strongest interdictions would prevent my endeavours to obtain an interview. In fact, this point was laboured with consummate artifice, and nothing less than ruin to my brother and his affairs, was denounced upon my breaking this injunction; it was part of the same error to believe her in this also; a respectable witness has told you, and I do not controvert his evidence, that my confidence in her assertion, and in the testimonials that she exhibited under the hand, as I believed, of Mr. Adair, were such, in my mistaken judgment, as to be equal to the evidence of my own senses, pressed by the forms of business, to say to Mr. Drummond that I had seen Mr. Adair myself, but I neither went to Mr. Adair, nor disclosed those pressing motives which prevented me: no less free to confess my faults, than I am confident to assert my innocence, I seek no paliation for this circumstance, except my temptation and my failings, and I trust it will rather be a matter of surprize, that in the course of a negociation, through the whole of which I was acted upon by the most artful of imposters, that this only deviation was to be found, and yet this very circumstance carries with it a clearer conviction of my being the dupe of Mrs. Rudd's intrigues, than any I have to offer in my defence, and if my subsequent proceedings, and the alacrity I shewed in going with Mr. Drummond to Mr. Adair, together with my conduct before this gentleman, is, as I apprehend it is, absolutely irreconcilable with a conciousness of guilt, the circumstances above mentioned will serve to shew with what a degree of credulity the artifices of Mrs. Rudd had furnished me. - Upon the whole, if in the above detail no circumstances are discovered in which an innocent man, under the like delusion with myself, might not have acted as I have acted, and, at the same time, if there be very many particulars in which no guilty man would have conducted himself as I conducted myself, I should be wanting in respect to your lordships and the jury, if I doubted the justice of their verdict, and which is inseparable from it, my honourable acquital.</p>
<p>(For the Prisoner.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person122"> George Kinder
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person122" type="surname" value="Kinder"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person122" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq;</p>
<p>Q. You was, sir, an intimate acquaintance, I believe, of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person123"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person123" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person123" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and the person who passed for his wife; but that since appears to be Mrs. Rudd?</p>
<p>Kinder. I never knew her by that name; I only knew her by the name of Perreau. I was some months at their house upon a visit.</p>
<p>Q. Was you intimate with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person124"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person124" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person124" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Kinder. I was, Mrs. Rudd, told me she was a near relation of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person125"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person125" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person125" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; that
<persName id="t17750531-1-person126"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person126" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person126" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> look'd upon her as his child, and promised to make her fortune, and establish her in life; and that he recommended her to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person127"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person127" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person127" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a near relation and intimate friend of his.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of letters being delivered by Mrs. Rudd to
<persName id="t17750531-1-person128"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person128" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person128" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , as letters from Mr. Adair?</p>
<p>Kinder. Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person129"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person129" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person129" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> shew'd me some letters from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person130"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person130" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person130" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and I think I saw Mrs. Rudd more than once give him letters, as from Mr. Adair to him: and I remember one in particular, he shew'd me; I told him he would do well to preserve that letter, because it would justify him in case Mr. Adair should draw back from his promises. Mrs. Rudd has told me that it was the intention of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person131"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person131" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person131" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to set them up in the banking business?</p>
<p>Q. Has she told you this in the presence of Mr. Perreau?</p>
<p>Kinder. Yes, in the presence of both the Perreau's, and sometimes in their absence she has told it me frequently.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310015"/>Q. Did you see any reason to question these reports?</p>
<p>Kinder. I believed them myself.</p>
<p>Q. Did it appear to you that the Perreaus believed them?</p>
<p>Kinder. Certainly.</p>
<p>Q. In the course of the time you was at
<persName id="t17750531-1-person132"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person132" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person132" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, you might be able, probably, to make an observation of the art of this woman?</p>
<p>Kinder. She seemed to me rather artful in the conduct of her business; and she wanted the Perreaus to consider, that an obedience to her will, would be the only means in which these favors were to flow to them.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person133"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person133" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person133" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was three or four times a day at his brother's house. I think I have heard her say, that her fortune was to be established in such a manner, that they were to have, I think, near three thousand pounds a year: that Mr. Perreau was to be allowed two thousand four hundred pounds a year for his houshold expences, and that she was to be allowed six hundred pounds a year for pin-money, which she was not to be accountable, for the expenditure of, to any body but Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person134"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person134" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person134" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have likewise heard her say, that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person135"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person135" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person135" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was to be made a baronet; and she has told me very often so and so, when I am a lady, I shall doso and so.</p>
<p>Q. His
<persName id="t17750531-1-person136"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person136" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person136" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> been present when she has said so?</p>
<p>Kinder. I dare say he was often.</p>
<p>Court. How often did you see Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person137"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person137" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person137" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> there?</p>
<p>Kinder. I never saw Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person138"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person138" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person138" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> there in my life.</p>
<p>Q. These representations were frequently the subject of her conversation in the presence of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person139"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person139" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person139" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Kinder. Very frequently. I remember to have heard her say, in Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person140"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person140" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person140" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's presence, that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person141"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person141" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person141" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had consented to the purchase of a house in Harley Street, four thousand pounds, for
<persName id="t17750531-1-person142"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person142" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person142" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and she likewise said, that Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person143"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person143" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person143" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> called to see her, and talked to her about a seat in parliament, she was to get for Mr. Daniel Perreau: that she (Mrs. Rudd) said, it will cost three thousand Newmarket pounds; upon which Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person144"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person144" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person144" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> asked, what is Newmarket pounds? and Mrs. Rudd said, guineas: upon which Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person145"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person145" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person145" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> said, she thought pounds might serve very well, and she would not give any more. Mrs. Rudd declared, a day or two after, that as Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person146"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person146" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person146" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was rather near in money matters, that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person147"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person147" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person147" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had charged himself to provide a seat in parliament for Mr. Perreau, and that the house that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person148"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person148" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person148" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was to give Mr. Perreau, the old lady was to purchase.</p>
<p>Court. Was the place mentioned?</p>
<p>Kinder. I think I heard her say it was Luggershall.</p>
<p>Q. Have you heard here present herself as having had frequent interviews with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person149"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person149" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person149" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Kinder. Yes, she has frequently told them in my presence, that she had seen Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person150"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person150" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person150" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person151"> John Moody
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person151" type="surname" value="Moody"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person151" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was a footman to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person152"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person152" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person152" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> from March 1773 to July 1774. Mrs. Rudd passed as
<persName id="t17750531-1-person153"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person153" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person153" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's wife.</p>
<p>Q. Have you observed Mrs. Rudd writing and contriving to convey any letters to either Daniel or
<persName id="t17750531-1-person154"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person154" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person154" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Moody. Yes, to Mr. Daniel Perreau</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mrs. Rudd's manner of writing?</p>
<p>Moody. Perfectly well.</p>
<p>Q. Did she in the letters she wrote to be conveyed to
<persName id="t17750531-1-person155"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person155" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person155" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , write her ordinary, or a different kind of hand?</p>
<p>Moody. Quite different from her common hand; the R's in those letters represented a Z very much. Those letters were to make Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person156"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person156" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person156" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> believe that they came from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person157"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person157" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person157" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and when
<persName id="t17750531-1-person158"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person158" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person158" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> went out and left word that he should be at such a place if any body called upon him, then the instant he went out, she used to come down; and write in this particular character, and would say, when your master comes home, deliver this letter to him as left by Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person159"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person159" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person159" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and tell him, he has been an hour with me in the parlour. When my master came home, she would be out; then he would ask if any one had been there; I answered yes, Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person160"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person160" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person160" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the agent, has been here. Is there any message left for me? Yes, sir, a letter which my mistress gave me
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310016"/> to put into my pocket, but I have put it upon the mantle piece in the drawing room.</p>
<p>Court. He had not been there then, had he?</p>
<p>Moody. No, I only told him so by my mistress's orders. Then I have been asked by my master if my mistress saw Mr. Adair; I answered, yes, and was with him an hour in the parlour. Then my master went up stairs, took the letter my mistress had so wrote, and send so left, and read it in the presence of Col.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person161"> Kinder
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person161" type="given" value="Kinder"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person161" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. You seem to have been giving the particulars of something which passed upon some one particular occasion, I would ask you whether instances to the same effect have not happened many times?</p>
<p>Moody. She has frequently wrote letters in this particular hand, which have been conveyed to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person162"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person162" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person162" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , as coming from Mr. Adair.</p>
<p>The signature at the bottom of this bond, and the letters are in her feign 'd hand writing. Sometimes when I have gone up to her door and she has been writing in this way, she has given me a short answer, and been angry with me. She had different pens; she us'd to send me for hard crow quill and goose quill pens, and I used to mend them, because she said she could write better with pens of my mending; she ordered me to get different paper from that we used in
<persName id="t17750531-1-person163"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person163" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person163" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's family: I bought her thick gilt edg'd paper; Mr. Perreau always wrote upon thin paper. I have seen her go to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person164"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person164" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person164" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> two or three times; once I remember her seeing Mr. James Adair in Soho Square; another time she went to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person165"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person165" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person165" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and was answered by the servant, to the best of my knowledge, that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person166"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person166" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person166" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was at his office in the city.</p>
<p>Q. Did you likewise understand that she had some acquaintance with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person167"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person167" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person167" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Moody. The opinion I entertained of her giving these directions about these letters, was to make Mr. Perreau believe, that she had been there: she said to me, if your master finds out I have not been with Mr. Adair, or that Mr. Adair has not been here, he will never pardon me. After she has been talking with colonel Kinder, she has rung for me and has shut herself and me up in the parlour together; then she has come as if she was going to put her hand upon my shoulder, with a smile upon her face, and has said, that was well done of you, John, just now you have sav'd your master being angry with me, and there's half a crown for you. Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person168"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person168" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person168" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was often at Mr. Daniel Perreau's at these times; I don't recollect whether any letters were delivered to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person169"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person169" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person169" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person170"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person170" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person170" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's presence: Mrs. Rudd has frequently come down to the foot of the parlour stairs and call'd me up, and bid me go when I had an opportunity and give a double rap at the door, and then come up to the drawing room to her and say, a gentleman wanted to speak with her; then she would come down and write these notes, which were in the same hand I have observed her to be writing when she would not suffer me to be in the room, and she has bid me carry those notes up as if they came from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person171"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person171" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person171" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember carrying any message to either of the Adairs from Mrs. Rudd?</p>
<p>Moody. Yes, I was sent to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person172"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person172" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person172" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's with a present of some French pears, and I once carried a message, I believe it was a card inclosed, importing that Mrs. Perreau, as she was then called, intended to pay her a visit. I think, I brought back another card inclosed; and Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person173"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person173" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person173" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> called once to pay her lying in visit.</p>
<p>Q. You had never seen Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person174"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person174" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person174" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> at the house?</p>
<p>Moody. No. Mrs. Rudd once sent me to enquire if he was in town, I was told he was not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person175"> Susanna Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person175" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person175" type="given" value="Susanna"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person175" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am sister to the prisoner. I was backward and forward at Mill Hill, and Mr. Rober Perreau, in Golden Square, from the middle of May to the middle of July, 1774. I often saw them and Mrs. Rudd together. I have heard Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person176"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person176" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person176" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> spoken of by Mrs. Rudd before both my brothers: she has said, that he would be a great friend to her and her children. I saw a note delivered, once by Mrs. Rudd to Daniel Perreau. for nineteen thousand pounds. drawn upon Mr. Croft the banker in favour of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person177"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person177" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person177" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , by Mr. William Adair.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person178"> Elizabeth Perkins
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person178" type="surname" value="Perkins"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person178" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person178" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was servant to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person179"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person179" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person179" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> from the 7th of June till this affair happened. Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person180"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person180" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person180" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> desired me once to tell my master, but there had been a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310017"/> letter for him, but she did not say from whom. The last week before this affair happened, Mrs. Rudd delivered me a letter, and bid me bring it to her in a quarter of an hour, and say, Mr. Coverly, a man who had been a servant to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person181"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person181" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person181" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , brought it at a quarter after nine. I do not know who the letter was directed to. I knocked at the door, and then I delivered the letter to my mistress; my master immediately broke the seal, and I left the room. I have been often sent by the footman to tell Mrs. Rudd that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person182"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person182" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person182" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was there, when Mr. Perreau was not present. Once, when I was dressing her, she went down with one ruffle on, and said, I will attend Mr. Adair directly; but I never saw Mr. Adair there that I know of, and this happened two or three times.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person183"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person183" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person183" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Upon the night of the 3d of March, when we came home from my brother's, Mrs. Rudd retired from the parlour we first went into; she came in again in a few minutes, and then the waiting-maid brought a letter, and delivered it to her in my presence. She asked the maid how long it had been brought; the maid said about nine o'clock, by
<persName id="t17750531-1-person184"> Francis Coverley
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person184" type="surname" value="Coverley"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person184" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is the person Mrs. Rudd usually employed to go upon messages to Mr. Adair; when the servant was gone, Mrs. Rudd said, the purport of the letter was, that Mr. Adair desired her to apply to my brother, the prisoner, to procure him five thousand pounds upon his, Mr. Adair's, bond, in the same manner as he had done before. The next day, Saturday the 4th of March, we were at my brother Robert's house, Mrs. Rudd took my brother aside, and, in my presence, said I have seen Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person185"> Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person185" type="given" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> this morning; he by no means would have you do any thing painful to yourself, and if you do not like to apply to Mr. Evans for the money, he desired you would endeavour to get it of Mr. Drummonds, and in order to obviate an objection my brother made to going to Mr. Drummond, Mrs. Rudd said, it was Mr. Adair's desire that he should pay Mr. Drummond the fourteen hundred pounds, for which the papers of my house were mortgaged to Mr. Drummond, out of the five thousand pounds so borrowed. My brother, after a great unwillingness, at last agreed to it, and said he would get a bond filled up. My brother went out in the afternoon, and came in again just as we were at tea; and, in the presence of his wife, the gentleman that assists him in business, and myself, he delivered, her the bond, saying, madam, I have brought you the affair; she took it, put it in her pocket, and no farther conversation passed upon it till Monday the 6th, when I came home and was preparing to go to bed, I saw a letter lying on the table directed to herself; I asked what it was; she said it was the bond Mr. Adair had returned executed for my brother to get the money of Mess. Drummonds. She got up earlier than usual the next morning; she sent for my brother Robert, and gave him the bond, and desired him to go with it to Mess. Drummonds, and endeavour to get the money for Mr. Adair, with the same privacy that he had done upon other occasions. That Mr. Adair was unwilling to have it appear that the money was raised for him, and therefore my brother was desired to lodge the bond with so me confidential friend that would not desire an assignment of it. My brother shewed a vast deal of reluctancy, and said it was a very unpleasant work. And I said, I thought it was so. But as Mr. Drummond had a personal knowledge of Mr. Adair, I thought he could have no objection; upon which he put the bond into his pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did it appear to you, that your brother believed Mrs. Rudd's representation of her connection with Mr. Adair?</p>
<p>Perreau. Certainly he did.</p>
<p>Q. I need hardly ask you if you believed the same?</p>
<p>Perreau. I did to my misfortune.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did she ever apply to you to get the bond filled up?</p>
<p>Perreau. No, never.</p>
<p>Q. Did she never desire you to apply to a scrivener?</p>
<p>Perreau. No, but she desired that five thousand pounds might be borrowed upon a bond of seven thousand five hundred pounds.</p>
<p>Counsel for the prosecution.</p>
<p>Q. Was any thing said about the dates?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310018"/>Perreau. No, I do not know that there was; it was to be made payable to my brother.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not say, when you was at Mr. Adair's, that you was a perfect stranger to the bond?</p>
<p>Perreau. I said, I had never seen the bond before, I never had, upon my oath, a perfect knowledge of the bond before I saw it in Mr. Adair's hand.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not tell them, or convey the idea, that you was a perfect stran ger to the whole transaction?</p>
<p>Perreau. I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell them the story you have told now?</p>
<p>Perreau. When I came into the room, and saw them in such a state of confusion, I hardly knew what I said, when Mr. Drummond told me it was a forged bond, I was shocked and amazed, knowing it had been managed by Mrs. Rudd. She said, make yourself quiet, your brother is clearly innocent. I told Mr. Drummond, I knew Mrs. Rudd had given a bond to my brother.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell Mr. Drummond that it was that bond?</p>
<p>Perreau. Mr. Drummond was in that degree of warmth, that I did not know how to speak to him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell Mr. Drummond that the bond was for seven thousand five hundred pounds?</p>
<p>Perreau. I told Mr. Drummond at that time, that I knew there was a bond given by Mrs. Rudd to my brother, upon which my brother was desired to borrow of him five thousand pounds. Mr. Drummond asked me, if I knew my house was mortgaged to him? I told him it was, and I understood it was to be paid out of this five thousand pounds, if it was borrowed of him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person186"> David Cassaday
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person186" type="surname" value="Cassaday"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person186" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have been an assistant to Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person187"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person187" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person187" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the business of an apothecary for two years. Upon the Saturday before, this Mrs. Rudd drank tea at Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person188"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person188" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person188" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, she waited for Mr. Perreau as he was not at home: when Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person189"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person189" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person189" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came in, I saw him give Mrs. Rudd something wrapp'd up in a bit of whity-brown paper, and said, madam, there is your affair; I never saw the contents of that paper.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any reason to think there was any disorder or embarrassment in Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person190"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person190" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person190" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's circumstances, or any dissipation in his manner of living?</p>
<p>Cassaday. None, he was remarkably assiduous and attentive in his business except when his health was bad. I imagine he lived much within the profits of his prosession; I apprehend the profits much business would have warranted a much greater expence than he appeared to allow himself in his way of living. I remember talk of a scheme being in agitation to put him in the banking business. I remember Mr. Perreau was sent for by Mrs. Rudd, on Tuesday the 7th of March, about 9 o'Clock in the morning, upon urgent business.</p>
<p>"
<persName id="t17750531-1-person191"> John Leigh
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person191" type="surname" value="Leigh"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person191" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , clerk to Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person192"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person192" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person192" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , deposed</p>
<p>"that the prisoner came voluntarily to</p>
<p>"their office, and gave an information that</p>
<p>"a forgery had been committed; in consequence</p>
<p>"of which Mrs. Rudd was taken into</p>
<p>"custody. He was asked whether she ever</p>
<p>"charged the prisoner with any knowledge</p>
<p>"of the transaction, till the justices were</p>
<p>"hearing evidence to prove her confession</p>
<p>"of the fact. His answer was, that he could</p>
<p>"not recollect that circumstance, but that she</p>
<p>"did not accuse the prisoner upon her first examination.</p>
<p>"Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person193"> Henry Partington
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person193" type="surname" value="Partington"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person193" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was likewise examined</p>
<p>"by the counsel for the prisoner to the</p>
<p>"same fact, but he did not recollect the circumstance."</p>
<p>Council for the Crown.</p>
<p>Q. Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person194"> Henry Drummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person194" type="surname" value="Drummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person194" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person195"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person195" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person195" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> say at Mr. Adair's, that Mrs. Rudd had given a bond to his brother to carry to you?</p>
<p>Drummond. I do not think he did; all the I recollect that passed relative to the business, was, my asking
<persName id="t17750531-1-person196"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person196" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person196" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> whether or not those deeds that were left with us for fourteen hundred pounds were not also forged; he said, they were not; and Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person197"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person197" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person197" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confirmed it, and said that they were left with his consent, but I do not remember his saying a single word that the bond was given
<persName id="t17750531-1-person198"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person198" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person198" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> by his sister Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person199"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person199" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person199" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Did he say any thing about the sum?</p>
<p>Drummond. No, in general terms he expressed great surprize at the affair.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310019"/>Q. Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person200"> Robert Dummond
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person200" type="surname" value="Dummond"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person200" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , What did
<persName id="t17750531-1-person201"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person201" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person201" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> say at Mr. Adair's?</p>
<p>Drummond. He seemed greatly amazed, and shrugged up his shoulders, I do not believe he said ten words while I was in the room: the two rooms lye together, and we were backwards and forwards so often, I cannot tell all that passed. He seemed to be totally ignorant of the matter.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear him say that Mrs. Rudd delivered the bond to his brother?</p>
<p>Drummond. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did he mention any thing of the sum the bond was for?</p>
<p>Drummond. He did not.</p>
<p>Captain
<persName id="t17750531-1-person202"> Charles Ellis
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person202" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person202" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person203"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person203" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person203" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> almost from my infancy; his brother and I went into the public service together; I have been intimate with his family for twenty years; I ever understood him, and thought him the most upright young man I ever was acquainted with. So far, that I would have trusted him with my life and fortune; I always thought him the best father, the best husband, and the most upright man in his business I ever heard of. I have been acquainted with him a great number of years, and I never knew him spend an idle hour though I have been so often with him. I always looked upon him to be in very affluent circumstances.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person204"> William Watts
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person204" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person204" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person205"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person205" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person205" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ten years and upwards. I always looked upon him in a very respectable light, he always appeared to me to be in good circumstances.</p>
<p>Mr. Grindal. I have known Mr. Perreau some years. I always looked upon him as a very upright man; and if he had asked me to lend him money the day before this affair broke out, I should have done it with the greatest readiness.</p>
<p>Q. If any body had told you he was suspected of such a transaction as this, you would not have been easily induced to believe it?</p>
<p>Grindal. Indeed, I should not.</p>
<p>Mrs. Tribe. I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person206"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person206" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person206" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> twenty-eight years. He served his apprentiship with my husband: he performed his service greatly to my husband's satisfaction, and has bore a most excellent character.</p>
<p>Q. Have you had occasion to observe whether he has been attentive to his business?</p>
<p>Tribe. Always very diligent. I do not think it possible he should have ever been guilty of such an action as this.</p>
<p>Mr. Churchill. I have known Mr. Perreau twenty-three years; he has bore a remarkable good character. I always understood he applied himself closely to business. I never was so much astonished, as upon hearing of this affair: there is not a man I had a better opinion of, than I had of Mr. Robert Perreau.</p>
<p>Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person207"> John Moore
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person207" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person207" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person208"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person208" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person208" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sixteen or eighteen years: he bears an exceding good character.</p>
<p>Q. Could you have imagined that he was a man likely to be guilty of such a charge?</p>
<p>Sir J. Moore. He is one of the last men I should have thought of.</p>
<p>The Right Honourable Lady Littleton.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known the prisoner
<persName id="t17750531-1-person209"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person209" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person209" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Lady Lyttleton. Personally from the year 1771, by his character still much longer.</p>
<p>Q. From that general character and the knowledge you had of him, what kind of man have you esteem'd him to be?</p>
<p>Lady Littleton. One of the best men I ever met with; one of the most upright, humane, and benevolent.</p>
<p>Q. I believe, it has so happened that you have had very singular instances of his integrity?</p>
<p>Lady Lyttleton. In many transactions, he had 4000 l. of mine in his possession, he brought it to me and paid me 90 l. interest. I did not know that any was due, but my confidence in him was so great, if he had not paid it me I should not have thought any thing had been due.</p>
<p>Q. Could you have easily believed that he could have been guilty of such a crime as this?</p>
<p>Lady Lyttleton. I suppose I could have done it as soon myself.</p>
<p>Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person210"> John Chapman
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person210" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person210" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person211"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person211" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person211" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> about twenty years: I knew him in his apprenticeship; he was always much esteemed by his master, and confidence was put in him; his character in general was extremely good. I do not know any man I should sooner put confidence in, I never was more surpriz'd in my life, than when I heard of this charge.</p>
<p>Captain
<persName id="t17750531-1-person212"> Burgoyne
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person212" type="given" value="Burgoyne"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person212" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person213"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person213" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person213" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> thirteen years. I never met with any person but what had the same opinion of him that I had; he has paid some money into my banker's hands for me; it was not any capital sum, but if
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310020"/> it had been ten times as much, I should have trusted him with it as soon as any man I know.</p>
<p>Another Gentleman. I have known Mr. Perreau about twenty years, his general character is exceeding good; every body was astonished when they heard this change against him.</p>
<p>Dr. Baker. I knew Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person214"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person214" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person214" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> first in the year 1762. I have been acquainted with him from that time; he has an exceeding good character: I always thought him a very honest man; I never could in the least have suspected him guilty of this change.</p>
<p>Dr. Warraker. I have known Mr. Perreau fourteen or fifteen years; I had always a high opinion of him as a man of integrity, and was very much surpriz'd when I heard of this.</p>
<p>Dr. Tennant. I have known Mr. Perreau eighteen years; I have been much in his company, on his occasional visits in the country. I have had a personal intercourse with him in town, and he has always appear'd to me to be worthy of esteem; he has done many transactions for me: I should think him, from my own knowledge, incapable of committing any dishonest transaction, much more a crime of the enormity he is now charg'd with: he is the last man I should have thought capable of such a thing.</p>
<p>Mr. Hawkins. I have known Mr. Perreau from his first setting out in business. I always thought him a very honest, just, upright man. Among the gentlemen of the faculty, he had the reputation of being exceeding attentive and diligent man in his profession. I certainly should not think him capable of being guilty of such a crime.</p>
<p>Mr. Caeser Hawkins. I have had an acquaintance with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person215"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person215" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person215" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ever since I was in business: I believe no man has acted upon better principles either of knowledge or probity in his business; I entertain the very best opinion of him that can be, I did not think him a man capable, or liable to be tempted to such a crime, it is a matter of general surprize to all his medical, and all his other acquaintance. I never saw a man more attentive, more diligent, and seemingly more desirous of doing every thing upon the best principles; I do not know a man I have a better opinion of in private life, he is an honest, decent, well behaved man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person216"> Henry Evans
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person216" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person216" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person217"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person217" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person217" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> six or seven years personally, but by character from his first setting out in the world. His general character has been extremely good, I never had any reason to be of a different opinion. I always looked upon him to be an upright honest man; he has been extremely diligent in his business durring the time I have employed him and that has always recommended him to me in my family. I never could, neither do I now think him capable of the crime he is charg'd with.</p>
<p>Another Gentleman. I have known Mr. Perreau case since the year 1763, he bears an exceeding good character and he deserved it. I could never in the least have conceive him guilty of the crime he is charged with, I think it impossible.</p>
<p>Mr. Pinkston. I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person218"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person218" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person218" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> from his first setting up in business. I never knew any man of a better character. I looked upon him to be one of the most upright men that I know. I never was more surprized at any thing that happened to me in my life than I was at hearing this change.</p>
<p>Dr. Schomberg. I have known Mr. Perreau six or seven years. No man has a better character, I never could suppose him guilty of the crime with which he is charged. I knew him in his profession, servant, and master.</p>
<p>Sir
<persName id="t17750531-1-person219"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person219" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person219" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Perreau a great many years: he bears a very good character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person220"> Humphrey Hughes
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person220" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person220" type="given" value="Humphrey"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a shoemaker. Mr. Perreau always bore an exceeding good character.</p>
<p>Mr. Harman. I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person221"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person221" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person221" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> upwards of twenty years; I have been very well acquainted with him and his family; he bears a very honest character, I have had dealings with him, and found him faithful and honest: he is the last man in the world I should suppose to be guilty of the thing laid to his charge.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person222"> William Huddlestone
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person222" type="surname" value="Huddlestone"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person222" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person223"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person223" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person223" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> about seven years; I live next door to him: he is a very honest worthy man, and very well respected by every body.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person224"> William Hocker
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person224" type="surname" value="Hocker"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person224" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Perreau these fifteen or sixteen years: he has as fair a character as any man living. I have had many transactions with him, and always found him a man of uprightness and integrity.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person225"> Richard Broadhurst
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person225" type="surname" value="Broadhurst"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person225" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-1-person226"> Robert Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person226" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person226" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> five or six years. He is a very honest man as any in the neighbourhood; a man that any body will do any thing for. He is very well respected.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-1-person227"> Richard Brown
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person227" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person227" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Esq. I have known Mr. Perreau about seven years. He bears a very good character; he is a good sort of man in his family as any in the world. I live next door to him; he has been my apothecary.</p>
<p>General
<persName id="t17750531-1-person228"> Rebow
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person228" type="given" value="Rebow"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-1-person228" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Perreau twenty years. He has an universal good character no man better.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-1-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-1-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty, upon the third court, of uttering and publishing the Bond, well knowing it to be forged </rs>.
<rs id="t17750531-1-punish9" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-1-punish9" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-1-defend49 t17750531-1-punish9"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-2">
<interp inst="t17750531-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-2-off10-c225" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-2-defend230 t17750531-2-off10 t17750531-2-verdict13"/>
<p>391. (2d M)
<persName id="t17750531-2-defend230" type="defendantName"> DANIEL PERREAU
<interp inst="t17750531-2-defend230" type="surname" value="PERREAU"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-defend230" type="given" value="DANIEL"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-defend230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-2-off10" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-2-off10" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-off10" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously forging and counterfeiting a certain bond, in the penal sum of six thousand two hundred pounds, condition for the payment of three thousand three hundred pounds, in the name of
<persName id="t17750531-2-victim232" type="victimName"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-victim232" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-victim232" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-victim232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with intention to defraud the said
<persName id="t17750531-2-person233"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person233" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person233" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-2-viclabel11" type="occupation">Esquire</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-2-victim232 t17750531-2-viclabel11"/> </rs>; against the statute.</p>
<p>Second Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same bond as true, knowing it to have been forged, with the like intention; against the statute.</p>
<p>Third Count. For feloniously forging and counterfeiting the same bond with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17750531-2-victim235" type="victimName"> Thomas Brooke
<interp inst="t17750531-2-victim235" type="surname" value="Brooke"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-victim235" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-victim235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-2-viclabel12" type="occupation">Doctor in physic</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-2-victim235 t17750531-2-viclabel12"/>; against the statute.</p>
<p>Fourth Count. For feloniously uttering and publishing the same bond as true, knowing it to have been forged, with the like intention, against the statute.</p>
<p>Doctor
<persName id="t17750531-2-person236"> Thomas Brooke
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person236" type="surname" value="Brooke"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person236" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner several years, we have lived in great intimacy, and our families visited. On the 1st of November, 1774, he applied to me at my house in Charles Street, St. James's Square, to let him have a sum of money: the particular sum he did not then mention. But, I told him, I had at that time no more cash by me than for my own occasion, and therefore I could not accommodate him. Upon this, he said, there was something of very great importance, and if I could raise the money it would be a great advantage to him. I told him, I did not know any way of raising the money, as I had not cash in my banker's hands. Then the prisoner said let me have some of your Ayre Bank Bonds. I said, I did not think of parting with them; when you asked me to raise the money. But he said, if you will let me have them, I will give you a bond of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person237"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person237" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person237" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's for three thousand one hundred pounds, as a security, and I will leave the Ayre bonds as a deposit, in Mr. Drummond's bank. I told him, he should have the Ayre bonds upon that condition. I took out a roll from my bureau of these Ayre bonds to the number of about twenty one, and asked the prisoner how many he would have of them. After some little hesitation, he said, he would be obliged to me for fifteen: they were all of a hundred pounds each. I desired him to take down the numbers of the bonds, which he did upon this paper (producing it.) at the bottom is wrote thus - 1500, Ayre Bonds, bearing date the 29th of June, 1774, and payable to
<persName id="t17750531-2-person238"> Thomas Brooke
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person238" type="surname" value="Brooke"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person238" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , by indorsement. - Then follows, 1st of November, 1774, Received of Dr. Brooke the above members, to be replaced in eight days, which I have given William Adair's bond as a security for three thousand one hundred pounds; signed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person239"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person239" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person239" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>This is all in
<persName id="t17750531-2-person240"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person240" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person240" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's own handwriting. He delivered me the bond which is now produced; I have had it in my possession ever since. The prisoner took the fifteen Ayre bonds away and left the bond for three thousand one hundred pounds. After this I saw
<persName id="t17750531-2-person241"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person241" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person241" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> almost every day. The Ayre bonds were not replaced in the eight days, according to the promise, but I thought they might be a convenience to Mr. Perreau, and so I did not demand them of him till about the middle of December; when, as I intended to call for the interest due upon them, I thought it proper to give Mr. Perreau timely notice of it, and did so in the middle of December.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310023"/> Upon giving him this notice; Mr. Perreau said, it was very well, and that I should have the bonds. But a few days afterwards he asked me, if I had no other reason to call for these bonds, but on account of the interest? I said, no, I really had not. Then, Mr. Perreau said, he would be much obliged to me, to let the bonds lie in his hands a little longer and he would pay me the interest due upon the bonds. I said, if it was any service to him he was welcome to keep them longer. Nothing else happened till I heard of the prisoner's being in custody. Then I went to Mr. Adair's with the bond, on Saturday: I believe, it was the 11th of March that I heard of this affair breaking out of the Perreaus: at first, I could not believe any such charge against them.</p>
<p>On his Cross Examination.</p>
<p>"He said, he never did apprehend any</p>
<p>"other than a very good character of Daniel</p>
<p>"Perreau during his acquaintance: that when</p>
<p>"he went to Sir
<persName id="t17750531-2-person242"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person242" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person242" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; Sir John</p>
<p>"Fielding said, he was sure
<persName id="t17750531-2-person243"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person243" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person243" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>"was in custody. He said, Mr. Dean, his</p>
<p>"lawyer, was there, but that whether he was</p>
<p>"taken into custody, or whether he surrendered</p>
<p>"himself, he knew nothing at all</p>
<p>"about it."</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person244"> Richard Wilson
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person244" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person244" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a scrivenor, opposite the Admiralty. I filled up the bond that is now produced; it is my hand-writing. The prisoner and his brother were with me together, and have filled up bonds signed,
<persName id="t17750531-2-person245"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person245" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person245" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; but which of the brothers gave me instructions to fill them up I cannot possibly tell; but I never did fill up a bond of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person246"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person246" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person246" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's but by the instructions of one of them.</p>
<p>Scroope Ogilvie. I know Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person247"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person247" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person247" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Pall Mall very well; I was his clerk nine or ten years: I am perfectly well acquainted with his hand-writing: it is not his hand, it does not bear the least resemblance.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>My lord, I received the bond from Mrs. Rudd as a true bond of Mr. William Adair's. I did really believe it to be a genuine, authentic and valid bond, and I solemnly protest, by all my hopes of happiness here and hereafter; so villainous an intention of defrauding any man of his property never entered my mind. I adjure the Almighty so to assist me, in my present dangerous situation, as I speak here before you.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person248"> John Moody
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person248" type="surname" value="Moody"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person248" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was a footman in the family of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person249"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person249" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person249" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I lived with him fifteen or sixteen months. I left him in July last. Mrs. Rudd lived with, and appeared as the wife of Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person250"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person250" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person250" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . During all that time, when
<persName id="t17750531-2-person251"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person251" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person251" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> has been going out, she has come down stairs, and began writing; and, after some time, has rung the bell for me to come to her. Accordingly, when I have come, she has given me a letter, as coming from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person252"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person252" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person252" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> - Saying thus to me. - When your master comes in, he will, in all probability enquire whether any gentleman has been here enquiring for him. Then I was to say, Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person253"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person253" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person253" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had been there, and that he had seen Mrs. Perreau, and been an hour in conversation with her in the parlour: that I should say, Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person254"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person254" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person254" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had left a letter for him, which Mrs. Perreau had given me. I commonly put the letters upon the mantle-piece in the parlour; and this has happened more than once or twice. When my master has come home, he has immediately asked whether any body has been there to enquire for him? I have answered, yes, Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person255"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person255" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person255" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> has been here, and was an hour in conversation with my mistress. Then he asked, if there was any message left for him? I told him, yes, a letter was left for him, that was upon the mantle-piece, he has broken open the seal and read it. As soon as my master entered into conversation with any gentlemen in company there, my mistress would come down, and sometimes ring the bell for me, and would come towards me as tho' she was going to put her hand upon my shoulder, though she never did, and used to say, that was well done of you to save your master from being angry with me; and would
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310024"/> say with a smile, that was to affirm that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person256"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person256" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person256" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had been there, because she said to her husband, that she was going to call upon Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person257"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person257" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person257" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and that if her husband found out that she had not called upon him, nor Mr. Adair upon her, he would never forgive her. She has given me half a crown for saving Mr. Perreau, by this means, from being angry with her. At other times, when my master has been gone, she has come down stairs, and tell to writing as fast as she could, and as soon as she had wrote, she has given this letter to me to carry to my master where he was at the Union coffee house, or other places, and to say he was wanted immediately at home upon urgent business. I have gone as I was directed, and my master has immediately come home, and I have followed him home at my leisure; what the business was, I never knew; and I have likewise carried letters, much in the same manner, to the Smyrna coffee-house, near St. James's; and I have said to him he was wanted at home.</p>
<p>Q. Did your master ever ask who wanted him?</p>
<p>Moody. No never. At other times she has come down stairs when company were in conversation with
<persName id="t17750531-2-person258"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person258" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person258" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and bid me, when I was an opportunity, give a double rap at the door, and come up to her, and say a gentleman wanted to speak with her below stairs. When no one has been there, she has come down to write, and the paper she used to write upon, was what I provided for her by her orders; it was thick gilt paper, very different from that commonly used in the family by
<persName id="t17750531-2-person259"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person259" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person259" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he wrote upon thin gilt paper. She employed me to get her different pens, crow quills, goose quills, and these I used to mend; and she said, she could write better with them after I had mended them then with any other pens. After she had wrote a note, she would give it to me to put in my pocket, and wait an opportunity to bring it up to
<persName id="t17750531-2-person260"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person260" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person260" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in the drawing-room; but she said, I must be cautious, in the first place, that my master was in conversation with somebody in the drawing-room, that he might not come down stairs; then to give a double rap, sometimes a single one, sometimes to say, Mr. Adair left a note, sometimes that a gentleman left it, at mother time there was a letter that was brought as from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person261"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person261" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person261" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in Soho-square. After the children had been there to pay a morning visit to Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person262"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person262" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person262" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , when they returned back there was a letter produced by the nursery maid, as coming from Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person263"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person263" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person263" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . To the best of my knowledge, my master was out when the children came from thence. When my master came home, the letter was either given to him, or put upon the mantle piece. I am sure my master had it, for I saw the letter in his hand myself. I have seen
<persName id="t17750531-2-person264"> Mary Brown
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person264" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person264" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person264" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , another servant, rap at the door; and take letters from Mrs. Rudd in the same manner, and say a gentleman left them; she has let me pass into the parlour first, and rapped at the parlour door, and delivered to me a note, and said here is a note a gentlemen has left I entertained no other opinion that that Mrs. Rudd wanted to make Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person265"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person265" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person265" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> think that Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person266"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person266" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person266" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was an acquaintance or correspondent of her's. I thought her a very artful person in so doing, and I observed it to this
<persName id="t17750531-2-person267"> Mary Brown
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person267" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person267" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person267" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; the letters were wrote by Mrs. Rudd, and these letters were in a quite different hand from the usual hand that she wrote in. (A letter shown to him) It is the same direction and hand-writing she usually give to
<persName id="t17750531-2-person268"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person268" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person268" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>(The Letter read.)</p>
<p>Directed to
<persName id="t17750531-2-person269"> Daniel Purreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person269" type="surname" value="Purreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person269" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq;</p>
<p>Dear Sir,</p>
<p>Two thousand five hundred pounds is the utmost you can reckon upon for the ensuing year's income, to pay all expences and debts, seven hundred of which is already used for the said purposes; and Dr. - 's deed will reduce you to one thousand four hundred pounds to live upon until next Christmas, having neither house rent nor Mrs. P - 's expences to pay, that certainly may do very handsomely with a proper well-judged oeconomy, and without such, as many thousands might be squandered away. - M. H. is an expence that I make a point you instantly free yourself from.</p>
<p>Saturday night,</p>
<p>Your's affectionately, W. A.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310025"/>" I don't see how you can afford new liveries,</p>
<p>"give broad lace and new waistcoats to</p>
<p>"the present ones." The name
<persName id="t17750531-2-person270"> William Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person270" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person270" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to the bond appears to me to be the same hand writing that my mistress used to write; not that I ever saw my mistress write but it is the same as the direction to
<persName id="t17750531-2-person271"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person271" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person271" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the letter upon her table which she wrote, which was the same sort of hand writing.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person272"> Elizabeth Perkins
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person272" type="surname" value="Perkins"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person272" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person272" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I lived with Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person273"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person273" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person273" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> from June till this affair broke out; four months before, I remember once at Mill-hill Mrs. Rudd desired me to say to
<persName id="t17750531-2-person274"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person274" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person274" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , that a letter was brought by a servant; my master asked me whether the man had a livery? I told my master he had no livery. Mrs. Rudd desired me, if my master wrote any letters that she might see the directions of those letters; she desired I might take them from the footman. The footman came up about a month before this affair broke out, and said Mr. Adair was below, and she said she would go to him.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say which Adair?</p>
<p>Perkins. He did not.</p>
<p>Q. Who was with her at that time?</p>
<p>Perkins. Nobody, she was dressing in her dressing-room; she went down with one ruffle on.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of cards passing backwards and forwards.</p>
<p>Perkins. To
<persName id="t17750531-2-person275"> James Adair
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person275" type="surname" value="Adair"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person275" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known and seen cards from lord and Lady Galloway, and lord and lady Gore, in the passage.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person276"> Hannah Dolloux
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person276" type="surname" value="Dolloux"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person276" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person276" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I lived at Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person277"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person277" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person277" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's ten months. I went to live there the 25th of April 1774, and came away when this affair happened. I went to nurse the children. About a month after Mrs. Rudd's lying-inn, she came to me and said, tell your master for God's sake, I am going out; that Mr. Adair called for her. My master did not come in, so nothing was said: she never mentioned Mr. William Adair's name particularly to me, but has named it as her acquaintance: she sent me down to shew the children to a gentleman; who he was I don't know.</p>
<p>For his Character.</p>
<p>Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person278"> George Forbes
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person278" type="surname" value="Forbes"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person278" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner from the year 1765, I have been intimate with him; his character was very good, I never heard anything to the contrary; I have had dealings with him in money-matters, he always paid me very honourably, and like a gentleman</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person279"> John Sullivan
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person279" type="surname" value="Sullivan"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person279" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person280"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person280" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person280" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> from the year before the last peace in Guadalupe; I have had dealings with him; his character was very good; he behaved very honourably; I have trusted him with three thousand pounds and he paid me very honestly.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person281"> Thomas Wills
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person281" type="surname" value="Wills"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person281" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person282"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person282" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person282" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> since the year 1761. I am a master of a ship; his character was always unexceptionable, and he was always respected.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person283"> Peter Woolfe
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person283" type="surname" value="Woolfe"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person283" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I knew Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person284"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person284" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person284" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> about three years at Guadalupe during the last war, his character was exceeding good there, I have not known him since he has been in England.</p>
<p>Capt.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person285"> Charles Ellis
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person285" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person285" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person286"> Daniel Perreau
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person286" type="surname" value="Perreau"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person286" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> twenty years, I never heard anything of him but as a very honest man, I always respected him as such, his acquaintance with me was through his brother, I never was acquainted much with his transactions in life because my time has been spent mostly abroad, but I always looked upon him to be an honest worthy gentleman.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-2-person287"> Daniel Hopkins
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person287" type="surname" value="Hopkins"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person287" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about ten years, I always understood him to be a man of very fair character.</p>
<p>Isabella Jameson. The prisoner lived in a house of mine four years since the year 1770, he bore a very good character, I never heard any thing else.</p>
<p>- Mevil. I have known the prisoner a year and a half, he was a very fair dealing honest man.</p>
<p>Mr.
<persName id="t17750531-2-person288"> Edmund Burke
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person288" type="surname" value="Burke"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person288" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-2-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner seventeen or eighteen years, I always had a good opinion of him, I have been with him in the West Indies and in England, he bord a general good character.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-2-verdict13" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-2-verdict13" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs> of uttering and publishing the bond knowing it to be forged.
<rs id="t17750531-2-punish14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-2-punish14" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-2-defend230 t17750531-2-punish14"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-3">
<interp inst="t17750531-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-3-off15-c282" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-defend290 t17750531-3-off15 t17750531-3-verdict19"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-3-off15-c283" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-defend292 t17750531-3-off15 t17750531-3-verdict21"/>
<p>392. 393. (M)
<persName id="t17750531-3-defend290" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH HARRISON
<interp inst="t17750531-3-defend290" type="surname" value="HARRISON"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-defend290" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-defend290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17750531-3-defend292" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM SELL
<interp inst="t17750531-3-defend292" type="surname" value="SELL"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-defend292" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-defend292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that they
<rs id="t17750531-3-off15" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-3-off15" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-off15" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> in a certain field and open place near the king's highway on
<persName id="t17750531-3-person293"> Richard Bolton
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person293" type="surname" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person293" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silver watch, value three pounds, a half guinea and ten shillings in money, numbered, the property of the said Richard </rs>,
<rs id="t17750531-3-cd16" type="crimeDate">May 7th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-off15 t17750531-3-cd16"/>, *.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-victim295" type="victimName"> Richard Bolton
<interp inst="t17750531-3-victim295" type="surname" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-victim295" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-victim295" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-off15 t17750531-3-victim295"/> </persName> . On Saturday evening the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310026"/> 7th of May, at about nine o'clock or a quarter after, as I was coming from
<placeName id="t17750531-3-crimeloc17">Stepney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-crimeloc17" type="placeName" value="Stepney"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-crimeloc17" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-off15 t17750531-3-crimeloc17"/> to
<placeName id="t17750531-3-crimeloc18">Shadwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-crimeloc18" type="placeName" value="Shadwell"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-crimeloc18" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-off15 t17750531-3-crimeloc18"/> with my wife and my little girl, two men passed us, I am sure Harrison was one of them, and I believe Sell was the other, but I can't be positive as to him; they said it is a fine night, and walked on before us about ten yards. When they came to the pails which run along by the side of the foot path, they turned short round, and Harrison clapp'd a pistol against my breast, and said, stop, Sir. He took my watch out of my pocket, he took half a guinea out of my left-hand pocket and ten shillings out of my other pocket; he clapped his pistol against my breast and said don't look at me, but look another way, but I took such notice of his person that I am positive to him. After Harrison had done this, he went to my wife, put his hand to her pocket and took out some halfpence. The other man that was with Harrison likewise had a pistol. I mentioned the robbery at a public house the corner of Stepney causeway, the first but house I came to.</p>
<p>Q. How were they dressed?</p>
<p>Bolton. The same as they are now.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a night was it?</p>
<p>Bolton. A very fine night.</p>
<p>Q. How long were they with you at the time they robbed you?</p>
<p>Bolton. About four minutes.</p>
<p>Q. Was not you frightened?</p>
<p>Bolton. Not much. I have never seen my watch since.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person296"> Mary Bolton
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person296" type="surname" value="Bolton"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person296" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person296" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was with my husband and my little girl at the time we were robbed. As we went through Stepney church-yard, I saw two men, they looked at me, and I at them, but said nothing. Harrison was one of those men, and I believe Sell was the other. When we got to the field leading to the Green Dragon, which goes to Stepney causeway. I looked back when I was about the middle of the field, and observed the two men I had seen before in the church-yard, following us. They said it was a fine night. or some such thing, and passed us. They passed on to the pails, from whence they might see to Stepney causeway, then they turned short about, and one of them clapped a pistol to my breast, the other went to my husband; I believe it was Sell that put the pistol to my breast, but I am not certain as to him. I am sure Harrison is the person that took my husband's watch and money; Harrison came up to me after he had robbed my husband; my husband gave an account of the robbery at the next public house, and described the persons of the men that robbed him. I heard of their being taken on Monday night, but I did not see them till Tuesday, when they were before the justice; I knew Harrison immediately, for I kept my eyes upon him all the time.</p>
<p>Q. What was the time of night?</p>
<p>Bolton. I heard the watchman cry the hour nine as we got to the field: I suppose it was about a quarter after that when my husband was robbed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person297"> George Forrester
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person297" type="surname" value="Forrester"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person297" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prosecutor informed me he had been robbed, and he described the men that robbed him; that they had both brown cloaths with white buttons, and riding hats, and that one had brownish hair. * I went to the Gun in Caple-street the same night, I saw the two prisoners there, I suspected them. I sent to the prosecutor, he came; I did not point out who I suspected, there were a great many people in the room, and he instantly pitched upon the prisoners.</p>
<p>* The prisoners answered that description.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person298"> William Simmons
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person298" type="surname" value="Simmons"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person298" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who was with the last witness at the Gun, confirmed his evidence.</p>
<p>Harrison's Defence.</p>
<p>I am quite innocent of the charge; the other prisoner and I were in company with one
<persName id="t17750531-3-person299"> John Davies
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person299" type="surname" value="Davies"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person299" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Goodman's fields that night from seven o'clock till nine.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person300"> John Davies
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person300" type="surname" value="Davies"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in company with the prisoner Harrison, on Sunday night the 7th of May. My master, Jones and I called upon Harrison at his lodgings, No. 45, Capel-street, at seven o'clock, and then went with Sell to to the Gun and
<persName id="t17750531-3-person301"> Holly Bush
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person301" type="surname" value="Bush"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person301" type="given" value="Holly"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person301" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ; we staid drinking there till a quarter after nine, and as we came out of the house we saw Harrison go by, he told us he was going to his mother.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person302"> Charles Oakes
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person302" type="surname" value="Oakes"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person302" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Wimpole-street,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310027"/> Whitechapel. I saw the prisoner go into his mother's house on the 7th of May, as I stood at my own door at about half an hour after nine o'clock on Sunday night, the 7th of May.</p>
<p>Q. How far is that from the place where the robbery was committed?</p>
<p>Oakes. About half a mile or three quarters of a mile.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person303"> George Lissen
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person303" type="surname" value="Lissen"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person303" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a baker, I live in Wimpole Street. I saw Harrison and spoke to him at about half after nine at night of the 7th of May.</p>
<p>Sell's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in company with Davis and Jones that night till a quarter past nine o'clock. I walked with them to the corner of Prescot street and there we parted, and I went home directly.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-3-person304"> Diana Solomon
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person304" type="surname" value="Solomon"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person304" type="given" value="Diana"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-3-person304" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner Sell, lodged with my mother, in Ship Yard, in the Minories. He came home that night at about twenty five minutes past nine; I staid an hour with him; and then he went to bed.</p>
<p>Sell called five other witnesses, who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Harrison
<rs id="t17750531-3-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-3-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17750531-3-punish20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-3-punish20" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-3-defend290 t17750531-3-punish20"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Sell,
<rs id="t17750531-3-verdict21" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-3-verdict21" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-4">
<interp inst="t17750531-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-4-off22-c295" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-4-defend306 t17750531-4-off22 t17750531-4-verdict23"/>
<p>394. (L)
<persName id="t17750531-4-defend306" type="defendantName"> THOMAS WHITTALL
<interp inst="t17750531-4-defend306" type="surname" value="WHITTALL"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-defend306" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-defend306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted
<rs id="t17750531-4-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-4-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="returnFromTransportation"/> for being found at large in the City of London, before the expiration of the term for which he had received sentence to be transported to America </rs>.</p>
<p>The copy of the record of his conviction was read in court, which litterally corresponded with the indictment.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-4-person307"> Sarah Weaver
<interp inst="t17750531-4-person307" type="surname" value="Weaver"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-person307" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-person307" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner, and another man, were tried for stealing money out of my husband's house, in April sessions, 1774. I remember the prisoner perfectly well; I am certain he is the man.</p>
<p>Mr. Mathews. I am the keeper of the Surry Goal. I was present at the trial of the prisoner, for the robbery of Mr. Weaver: I am positive he is the man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-4-person308"> Lawrence Welch
<interp inst="t17750531-4-person308" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-person308" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-4-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a publican in Long Lane, Surry. I have known the prisoner two or three years; I knew him, when he was in goal. On Easter Sunday I saw him at large, in Long Lane. I pursued, and took him in Five-foot Lane, on a charge of breaking open a house.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I leave it to my counsel.</p>
<p>He called no witness.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-4-verdict23" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-4-verdict23" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17750531-4-punish24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-4-punish24" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-4-defend306 t17750531-4-punish24"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-5">
<interp inst="t17750531-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-5-off25-c298" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-5-defend310 t17750531-5-off25 t17750531-5-verdict30"/>
<p>395. (2d M)
<persName id="t17750531-5-defend310" type="defendantName"> JOHN COLCRAFT
<interp inst="t17750531-5-defend310" type="surname" value="COLCRAFT"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-defend310" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-defend310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for, that he,
<rs id="t17750531-5-off25" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-5-off25" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-off25" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> in the king's high way, on Susannah, the
<rs id="t17750531-5-viclabel26" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-5-victim314 t17750531-5-viclabel26"/> of
<persName id="t17750531-5-victim312" type="victimName"> Henry Spicer
<interp inst="t17750531-5-victim312" type="surname" value="Spicer"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-victim312" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-victim312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person a black sattin cloak, value twenty shillings, the property of she said Henry </rs>,
<rs id="t17750531-5-cd27" type="crimeDate">May 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-5-off25 t17750531-5-cd27"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-5-victim314" type="victimName"> Susannah Spicer
<interp inst="t17750531-5-victim314" type="surname" value="Spicer"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-victim314" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-victim314" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband is a
<rs id="t17750531-5-viclabel28" type="occupation">minature painter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-5-victim312 t17750531-5-viclabel28"/>, in Panton Street. As I was returning home on the 8th of May, at half past ten at night, from Grig Street, when I came to
<placeName id="t17750531-5-crimeloc29">Panton Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-crimeloc29" type="placeName" value="Panton Street"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-crimeloc29" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-5-off25 t17750531-5-crimeloc29"/>, the prisoner laid hold of my arm, he fixed me up against a gentleman's door and seized me by the throat; he never spoke a word, but broke the string of my cloak, and ran away with it. I cried out, stop thief, upon which he came back again, and struck me three violent blows on the head; he called me bitch, and d - d me, and made use of a deal of ill language. After I recovered the blows, I still kept calling thief, thief; in consequence of which, Mr. Robson took him in Coventry Street, and brought him to me: that was in about ten minutes. I came to the bottom of Oxendon Street, and they immediately told me, the thief was taken. It was a bright moon-light night. I am sure the prisoner is the man: I did not see any body else going by: the street is a public street.</p>
<p>The cloak was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-5-person315"> Joseph Robson
<interp inst="t17750531-5-person315" type="surname" value="Robson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-person315" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I am a wine merchant, in Coventry Street. I heard a cry of, stop thief, about half after ten at night, on the eight of May. I saw two men running up Oxendon Street from Panton Street. Seeing the prisoner, I crossed the road to lay hold of him. The two men were at some distance; the other
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310028"/> man was pursuing the prisoner; I laid hold of him almost instantly after hearing the cry of stop thief: I felt a black cloak in his breast; I believe this is the cloak, there was a mob came round; I took him down another street, and at the top of the street we met Mrs. Spicer, she said, that is the man, that is him; he was taken to the watch-house and the cloak taken from him by force.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-5-person316"> John Atkinson
<interp inst="t17750531-5-person316" type="surname" value="Atkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-person316" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. I was going upon duty on the 8th of May about a quarter after ten at night, I saw the prisoner in custody going to the watch-house; I went to the watch-house and demanded the cloak from him; he said he would not give it up, it was his property: it was buttoned in his coat, I was obliged to have a scuffle with him, and threw him down on his back to get it from him. I did not see any thing of the transaction before.</p>
<p>"The prisoner in his defence said, that he</p>
<p>"was coming home in liquor, that the prosecutrix</p>
<p>"claped him on the shoulder, that she</p>
<p>"threw her cloak at him and then called four</p>
<p>"fellows who were her bullies, who knocked</p>
<p>"him down and left him in a gore of blood."</p>
<p>He called two witnesses who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-5-verdict30" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-5-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-5-verdict30" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> The prosecutrix desired to recommend him to majesty's mercy </rs>.</p>
<p>Guilty
<rs id="t17750531-5-punish31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-5-punish31" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-5-defend310 t17750531-5-punish31"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-6">
<interp inst="t17750531-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-6-off32-c303" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-6-defend318 t17750531-6-off32 t17750531-6-verdict34"/>
<p>396. (L)
<persName id="t17750531-6-defend318" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM JACKSON
<interp inst="t17750531-6-defend318" type="surname" value="JACKSON"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6-defend318" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6-defend318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-6-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-6-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a metal medal gilt with gold, value one shilling, and five guineas in money numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-6-victim320" type="victimName"> John Read
<interp inst="t17750531-6-victim320" type="surname" value="Read"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6-victim320" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-6-victim320" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-6-off32 t17750531-6-victim320"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-6-cd33" type="crimeDate">May 4th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-6-off32 t17750531-6-cd33"/> ++.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-6-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-6-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-7">
<interp inst="t17750531-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-7-off35-c305" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-7-defend322 t17750531-7-off35 t17750531-7-verdict37"/>
<p>397. (L.)
<persName id="t17750531-7-defend322" type="defendantName"> ANN JONES
<interp inst="t17750531-7-defend322" type="surname" value="JONES"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7-defend322" type="given" value="ANN"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7-defend322" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-7-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-7-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value six-pence </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-7-victim324" type="victimName"> Thomas Bracker
<interp inst="t17750531-7-victim324" type="surname" value="Bracker"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7-victim324" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-7-victim324" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-7-off35 t17750531-7-victim324"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-7-cd36" type="crimeDate">May 23d</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-7-off35 t17750531-7-cd36"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-7-verdict37" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-7-verdict37" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-8">
<interp inst="t17750531-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-8-off38-c307" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-8-defend326 t17750531-8-off38 t17750531-8-verdict41"/>
<p>398. (L.)
<persName id="t17750531-8-defend326" type="defendantName"> JOHN CASTLE
<interp inst="t17750531-8-defend326" type="surname" value="CASTLE"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-defend326" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-defend326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-8-off38" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-8-off38" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-off38" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value ten-pence </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-8-victim327" type="victimName"> William Robins
<interp inst="t17750531-8-victim327" type="surname" value="Robins"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-victim327" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-victim327" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-8-off38 t17750531-8-victim327"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-8-cd39" type="crimeDate">April 19th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-8-off38 t17750531-8-cd39"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-8-person328"> William Robins
<interp inst="t17750531-8-person328" type="surname" value="Robins"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-person328" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-person328" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 29th of April I was at
<placeName id="t17750531-8-crimeloc40">Bear-Key</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-crimeloc40" type="placeName" value="Bear-Key"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-crimeloc40" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-8-off38 t17750531-8-crimeloc40"/>, I felt a motion at my pocket, I turned round and laid hold of the prisoner and found my handkerchief under his arm. I had it a few minutes before: (the handkerchief was produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-8-person329"> George Hallibone
<interp inst="t17750531-8-person329" type="surname" value="Hallibone"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-person329" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-8-person329" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at work on the keys when the prosecutor laid hold of the prisoner, I saw the handkerchief under his coat and informed the prosecutor of it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in liquor, I believe I found the handkerchief.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-8-verdict41" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-8-verdict41" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-8-punish42" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-8-punish42" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-8-defend326 t17750531-8-punish42"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-9">
<interp inst="t17750531-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-9-off43-c311" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-9-defend331 t17750531-9-off43 t17750531-9-verdict45"/>
<p>399. (L.)
<persName id="t17750531-9-defend331" type="defendantName"> EDWARD HITCHCOCK
<interp inst="t17750531-9-defend331" type="surname" value="HITCHCOCK"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-defend331" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-defend331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-9-off43" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-9-off43" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-off43" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a piece of printed cotton cloth, containing seven yards, value twenty-eight shillings, and three yards of linen cloth. value three shillings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-9-victim333" type="victimName"> John Pitt
<interp inst="t17750531-9-victim333" type="surname" value="Pitt"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-victim333" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-victim333" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-9-off43 t17750531-9-victim333"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-9-cd44" type="crimeDate">May 6th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-9-off43 t17750531-9-cd44"/> ++.</p>
<p>The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-9-person334"> John Pitt
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person334" type="surname" value="Pitt"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person334" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person334" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Saturday the 6th of last month my apprentice went up stairs, he called out to me and said there was a thief above; I bid him come down and fasten the door, then we went up and found the prisoner concealed in a necessary we have up three pair of stairs, we found the printed cotton which was for a gown for my wife, three yards of cloth and a scarlet cloak, packed up in a bundle in the three pair of stairs room.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-9-person335"> John Short
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person335" type="surname" value="Short"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person335" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an apprentice to the prosecutor. On the 6th of last month I was going up into the garret, just as I got to the third pair of stairs, I saw both the sore room and back room door open, they are always kept locked, that gave me a suspicion, I went into the fore-room and saw the printed cotton and the linen cloth and scarlet cloak on the ground in a black silk handkerchief; I was turning to come down, and saw the prisoner up the other pair of stairs in the necessary, I called to my master and said there was a thief in the house, then I went down stairs and fastened the door, and then we went up and took him; he was come down to the two pair of stairs, we sent for a constable who secured him and found a cannister with some tinder in it, and a flint upon him.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310029"/>
<persName id="t17750531-9-person336"> Daniel Ward
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person336" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person336" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-9-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the constable produced the things.</p>
<p>Mrs. Pitt. I am the wife of the prosecutor, my things were in the bottom drawer, I locked the room door, the key of the drawers was in the drawer, I was not at home when the things were taken away.</p>
<p>The prisoner in his defence said he went into the house to enquire for a person who he was informed lived there.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-9-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-9-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17750531-9-punish46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-9-punish46" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-9-defend331 t17750531-9-punish46"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-10">
<interp inst="t17750531-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-10-off47-c316" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-10-defend338 t17750531-10-off47 t17750531-10-verdict51"/>
<p>400. (L)
<persName id="t17750531-10-defend338" type="defendantName"> JAMES SMITH
<interp inst="t17750531-10-defend338" type="surname" value="SMITH"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-defend338" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-defend338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-10-off47" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-10-off47" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three linen shirts, value ten-shillings, and five linen shifts, value ten shillings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-10-victim340" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Simpson
<interp inst="t17750531-10-victim340" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-victim340" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-victim340" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-10-off47 t17750531-10-victim340"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-10-cd48" type="crimeDate">May 9th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-10-off47 t17750531-10-cd48"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-10-person341"> Elizabeth Simpson
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person341" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person341" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person341" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17750531-10-viclabel49" type="occupation">keep a boarding-school</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-10-victim340 t17750531-10-viclabel49"/> at
<placeName id="t17750531-10-crimeloc50">Camberwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-crimeloc50" type="placeName" value="Camberwell"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-crimeloc50" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-10-off47 t17750531-10-crimeloc50"/>; the linen mentioned in the indictment was lost out of my house, I missed it on the 6th of May about four in the afternoon; it was found by a constable in London.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-10-person342"> Peter Harrison
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person342" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person342" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable in Portsoken Ward, the prisoner was brought into the watch-house by a watchman; he had some bodies of shirts, shifts, and a parcel of thread in a bag.</p>
<p>(The things were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-10-person343"> Thomas Pentlow
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person343" type="surname" value="Pentlow"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person343" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-10-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. On the 9th of May the prisoner and three other persons were making a disturbance at a publick house door, I laid hold of the prisoner, he had a bag of things which I took from him and delivered to the constable.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I found the bag and the things in it in Rosemary-Lane.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-10-verdict51" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-10-verdict51" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17750531-10-punish52" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-10-punish52" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-10-defend338 t17750531-10-punish52"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-11">
<interp inst="t17750531-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-11-off53-c321" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-11-defend345 t17750531-11-off53 t17750531-11-verdict56"/>
<p>401. (M.)
<persName id="t17750531-11-defend345" type="defendantName"> THOMAS GREENWOOD
<interp inst="t17750531-11-defend345" type="surname" value="GREENWOOD"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-defend345" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-defend345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-11-off53" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-11-off53" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-off53" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17750531-11-victim347" type="victimName"> Bartholomew Bouigue
<interp inst="t17750531-11-victim347" type="surname" value="Bouigue"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-victim347" type="given" value="Bartholomew"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-victim347" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-11-off53 t17750531-11-victim347"/> </persName> on the 27th of May, between the hours of ten and eleven in the night, and stealing one strip'd sattin sack and coat, with a moroon ground, value five pounds five shillings; a black silk sack and cloak, value five pounds five shillings; a strip'd sattin brocade gown, value three pound three shillings; one pink and white striped sattin gown, value forty-two shillings; a blue and white sattin gown, value twenty-one shillings; a new white sarcenet cloak, value twenty-one shillings; a bed-quilt, value one shilling; a gold garnet stone ring, set in gold, value two shillings and six-pence; one pair of garnet earrings, set in metal, value two shillings and six-pence; a pair of paste ear rings, set in metal, value one shilling; a garnet-stone earring, set in silver, value two-pence; a white stone ear-ring, set in metal, value one penny; two guineas, two silver fourpenies, and one silver threepence, the property of the said Bartholomew, in his dwelling-house </rs>.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t17750531-11-person348"> Mary Bouigue
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person348" type="surname" value="Bouigue"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person348" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person348" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the wife of the prosecutor. I live in
<placeName id="t17750531-11-crimeloc54">Whitecross-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-crimeloc54" type="placeName" value="Whitecross-street"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-crimeloc54" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-11-off53 t17750531-11-crimeloc54"/>, next door to an house that is uninhabited, but was formerly a publick house. On Saturday the
<rs id="t17750531-11-cd55" type="crimeDate">27th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-11-off53 t17750531-11-cd55"/>, about half after ten o'clock, I and my maid were going up stairs, she perceived my chamber-door open, and asked me if I had been up and left my drawers open; I said no, I had not that evening; I looked up, and I missed two or three of my drawers that were drawn out; I immediately went down stairs, and cried, thieves, thieves in the house! and desired the maid to come down as quick as possible after me. As soon as I reached the bottom of the stairs, my husband met me, and enquired for the journeyman; I informed him he was out, and desired the apprentice to go to the neighbours and get assistance, for we were sure thieves were in the house: he went for that purpose, but not returning so soon as expected, I desired my husband to go after him; I stood upon the step of the street door; my husband had not been gone many minutes before I perceived a man upon the step of the empty-house; he stepped from the step of the door into the highway; this house stood upon my right hand; the man had a bundle under his right arm, and I supposing him to be a thief, cried out, thief, step thief; he, upon this, clapped his left hand behind him, and fired a pistol towards our house, and immediately dropped the bundle, and ran away. He was pursued and taken in about five minutes. The next time I saw him was on Tuesday, before Sir
<persName id="t17750531-11-person349"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person349" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person349" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person349" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I wold not then, and now I cannot positively swear to his person. As to his stature, he was about the size of the prisoner, he had on a light-coloured coat, but I did not
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310030"/> take notice of his waistcoat and breeches. I am not positive at all to his person. On Sunday morning I examined the room he got in at; I found a pane of glass taken out of the garret window, and the window had been opened, but I know nothing of the condition of the window before. I saw the bundle that the man dropped, my eye was never of it, and that bundle contained the things that were lost out of my house, and out of my drawers; I had seen them that day. He has changed his dress since the time I saw him, and had his hair cut.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person350"> Bartholomew Bouigue
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person350" type="surname" value="Bouigue"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person350" type="given" value="Bartholomew"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person350" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Upon the 27th of May, between ten and eleven, as my spouse came down, I heard her cry out, thieves upon the staircase; and when I heard my journeyman was out I sent my apprentice for the assistance of the neighbours: I fastened the back door below, lost the man should come out and escape that way. I found my apprentice gone a long while; my spouse sent me to look for him; she stood upon the step of the door, as I came out; I saw a man come out of the next house with a bundle under his left arm; I then heard my wife cry out, thieves, thieves: I saw the man turn round, in the cart-way, and he fired a pistol, I believe with his left hand, and dropped a bundle; I was not above ten yards from the man; my wife and I stood together at the door; the pistol was directed that way. I took up the bundle, pursued the man, and cried out for assistance; I was constantly within two or three yards of the prisoner, and I did not lose sight of him while I threw the bundle in the house, nor till I came to White-Cross Street; but, presently heard he was taken, in Old Street, fourteen or fifteen yards from the top of the street. I think the prisoner is the man, by his cloaths, and by his stature. What became of the pistol I do not know. The top of the street may be a hundred yards, or a little more from my house: he was taken about that distance from my house. I examined the place, but I know nothing of the condition of the garret, I saw that a pane of glass was broke there; I judge they came in at the garret window.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person351"> John James Brayfield
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person351" type="surname" value="James Brayfield"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person351" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person351" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Upon the 27th of May, upon Saturday, about half past ten, about thirty yards from the prosecutor's house, I heard a cry of, stop thief. I went directly into the middle of the way, and saw the prisoner running from the prosecutor's house. As he passed, I crossed upon him: he said, do not stop me: that gave me a suspicion that he was the guilty person. I run after him about fifty yards; then he turned round and stood with his arm out, and bid me stand off; I did not perceive any thing in his hand; then I ran up up to him and clasped him in my arms round the waist, had him about a minute and a half in custody before any assistance came; then Parker the butcher came up to my assistance, and I took hold of his left hand: the prisoner said, do not use me ill - I am a dead man. I laid hold of his collar, and Parker laid hold of the other side of him: we led him to the constable at the watch-house, and there delivered him up. It was about fourteen or fifteen yards from the end of White-Cross street, in Old Street, where I took him. I felt the outside of his pocket, but I found no pistol; he dropped something, I could not quit him to take it up. It was about half past ten, and the first sight I had of him was in White-Cross Street.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person352"> Francis Parker
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person352" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person352" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person352" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a butcher in White-Cross Street. I came up to the assistance of the last witness; I heard a pistol go off as I stood in my shop. As I came to the door, I heard the cry of, stop thief; I run after the people that were running, but I got before them all, and found the last witness holding the prisoner round his waist. I took notice of the place where the prisoner was stopped, and saw several things picked up in the middle of the road opposite the Goat Ale-house. I helped to lead him to the watch-house.</p>
<p>The things were produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person353"> George Rogers
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person353" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person353" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person353" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with the last witness Parker to the place where the prisoner was stopped and picked up the several things produced.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person354"> Sarah Remington
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person354" type="surname" value="Remington"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person354" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person354" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw Mrs. Bouigue at at her door about half past ten o'clock. I saw the prisoner step from the threshold of the door of the next house. Mrs. Bouigue cried, stop thief; and the prisoner slipped a bundle down, then I turned to look at him, and at that instant he let off the pistol, and then run up the street; a great many people followed him. This was on Saturday. I saw him the Monday
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310031"/> following, and knew him again as soon as I saw him. He had a light coat on, and I am sure the prisoner is the person.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person355"> Margaret Griffith
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person355" type="surname" value="Griffith"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person355" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person355" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . About half after ten, or near eleven, I was going out, and ten yards from Mr. Bouigue's door, I heard a pistol go off; the person that fired it was a short man, dressed in light coloured cloaths. I did not see his face.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person356"> George Burnet
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person356" type="surname" value="Burnet"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person356" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person356" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was officer of the night. The prisoner was delivered to my charge.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person357"> Thomas Chapman
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person357" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person357" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person357" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I heard a pistol go off: I had seen the prisoner, and took notice of him in the morning. I saw the prisoner that night endeavouring to escape, and Mr. Bouigue pursuing him; Mr. Bouigue was about six or eight yards behind the prisoner: and I can swear to his person. Bouigue ran after him in White-Cross Street, there were other people followed him; but Bouigue was nearest the prisoner. I went with Rogers and Parker to the place where these things had been picked up; I saw them picked up, and delivered to Mr. Rogers. I found some picklock keys, which were in the highway.</p>
<p>Question to the prosecutrix. Whether your drawers were locked?</p>
<p>Mrs. Bouigue. There were twelve drawers in the room, eleven of them were locked; I found them all open.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person358"> James Griffin
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person358" type="surname" value="Griffin"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person358" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person358" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am journeyman to the prosecutors, and lay in the garret. At five in the afternoon of the Saturday, the garret window was shut, and the glass was whole; the: next morning, the pane of glass above the fastening of the window was broke so as to admit of a man's hand, but the window was shut.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person359"> John Cartes
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person359" type="surname" value="Cartes"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person359" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person359" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lay in the garret. At twelve on Saturday night, I saw the pane was brok e, it was whole at six in the morning; but when I saw the window at night, the window was shut.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-11-person360"> Mary Clarke
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person360" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person360" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-11-person360" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . At eight in the evening the pane was whole and the window was fast; but upon Saturday night I went up, and I found the pane broke and the window open: and I shut the window.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in liquor; I saw a man drop a bundle and went a few paces from it and fired a pistol. I pursued the man; the man might possibly turn down some turning unperceived by me, as I was in liquor. I ran on, not knowing which way to run, as the man had slipped my fight. I had not run far, before a man clasped me round; I said, do not hold me, I am not the man, the man is gone. I was conveyed to the watch-house.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-11-verdict56" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-11-verdict56" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17750531-11-punish57" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-11-punish57" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-11-defend345 t17750531-11-punish57"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-12">
<interp inst="t17750531-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-12-off58-c336" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-defend362 t17750531-12-off58 t17750531-12-verdict62"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-12-off58-c337" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-defend364 t17750531-12-off58 t17750531-12-verdict63"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-12-off58-c338" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-defend366 t17750531-12-off58 t17750531-12-verdict62"/>
<p>402. 403. 404. (2d M)
<persName id="t17750531-12-defend362" type="defendantName"> PETER HIGGS
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend362" type="surname" value="HIGGS"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend362" type="given" value="PETER"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend362" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17750531-12-defend364" type="defendantName"> CHARLES WHITTLE
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend364" type="surname" value="WHITTLE"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend364" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend364" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17750531-12-defend366" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BARKER
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend366" type="surname" value="BARKER"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend366" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-defend366" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted, for that they,
<rs id="t17750531-12-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-12-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> in the king's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17750531-12-person367"> William Wallington
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person367" type="surname" value="Wallington"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person367" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person367" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a metal watch, value forty two shillings, two guineas, and three shillings in money, numbered, the property of the said William </rs>,
<rs id="t17750531-12-cd59" type="crimeDate">May 6</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-off58 t17750531-12-cd59"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-12-victim369" type="victimName"> William Watlington
<interp inst="t17750531-12-victim369" type="surname" value="Watlington"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-victim369" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-victim369" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-off58 t17750531-12-victim369"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17750531-12-viclabel60" type="occupation">hosier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-victim369 t17750531-12-viclabel60"/>, I live at Hommerton, and keep a shop in Broad-street. On the 6th of May, between eight and nine at night, as I was going home, just, beyond the
<placeName id="t17750531-12-crimeloc61">Goldsmith's Alms-houses</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Goldsmith's Alms-houses"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-off58 t17750531-12-crimeloc61"/>, in the first field going to Hackney, I overtook a poor woman with a bundle under her arm; just as I passed her, I saw four men coming towards me, I endeavoured to pass on the outside of them, but they would not suffer me, but stopped me: one of them pulled a pistol out of his breast, and said, I was a dead man if I did not deliver. I believe, Whittle was the man who pulled the pistol out of his breast; and I believe Barker was the man who received the money: as to Higgs, I have no remembrance: of his person at all; but one of the four, I remember very well, had a striped waistcoat, which Higgs had on when he was carried to the justice's. Upon my giving them the silver that I had in my pocket, they d - d me, and asked me, what I meant by giving them a few shillings, and swore that I had more money, and more they would have; upon which I gave them two guineas; still they wanted more: I said, I had no more, upon which they said, they must have my watch. I said, it was but a metal watch, and would be of very little value and of no use to them: but they insisted upon having it, and they took it from me: they then bid me go on and not look back; if I did, they would blow my brains out. The
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310032"/> next day, which was Sunday, I gave a description of them at justice Wilmot's office. The woman I had passed by, was close to me when they were robbing me; they took no notice of her at all. The man with the striped waistcoat on, was the outside of the four, and the woman passed close to me.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a night was it?</p>
<p>Watlington. The moon was hardly up, and it was still daylight; it was a public path that I was walking along, and you may see a good way along it, there were passengers both before and behind, and some of them were in that very field; but I believe they were not near enough to see. The next day, at justice Wilmot's, I swore to Whittle and Barker. Whittle said, at the justice's, that he was not guilty, but he knew who was, and told me what I was robbed of within a shilling, and that the watch was sold for half a guinea; that he had the information from one Mich and three others, that came to the sign of the Dog, in Shoreditch; who said, they had robbed a gentleman in Hackney Fields. This was on the Monday, the day but one after the robbery. I verify believe the prisoners to be the men.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-12-person370"> Mary Fowle
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person370" type="surname" value="Fowle"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person370" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person370" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at Hackney, I take in washing. On the 6th of May, I saw four young men in a field beyond the Goldsmith's Alms houses; one had a striped waistcoat, who I believe, to be the prisoner Higgs: but as to Barker, I am not positive; as to Whittle, I am very positive he was one, and I was positive to him when I first saw him. Mr. Watlington was coming along the field. I heard them say to him, he must deliver his money, or he was a dead man. I saw Whittle pull out a pistol, and when I saw this, I was as near as I am to your lordship. Being frightened, I walked off directly, as soon as I saw the pistol. I saw nobody else till I got to the Cat and Shoulder of Mutton, two fields off, this field was a large field, and day light was not shut in.</p>
<p>Barker's Defence.</p>
<p>I was at home at the time when this robbery was committed; I lay upon my bed till a little after nine o'clock; then my mother called me. I went to an ale-house, where I staid till eleven or twelve at night.</p>
<p>For Barker.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-12-person371"> Elizabeth Atkinson
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person371" type="surname" value="Atkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person371" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person371" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . He is a very honest man, and with regard to this particular day, I know he was at home from seven o'clock till nine at night, he lives in the house I do, I live up two pair of stairs, it was last Saturday three weeks, he lay upon the bed till his mother came and called him down, and then went to the ale-house and staid there till twelve at night, when they came home.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-12-person372"> Henry Barker
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person372" type="surname" value="Barker"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person372" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-12-person372" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am his brother, he worked for me a month or five weeks ago; one Saturday he worked so long that he was quite tired and forced to go to bed.</p>
<p>Q. What Saturday was it?</p>
<p>- Barker. Next Saturday will be a month, he left me about seven at night, I saw him again about ten, at the Crown in Kingsland-Road, his mother came there and fetched him home, and he came back and went to bed at twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>Whittle's Defence.</p>
<p>It was hard to suppose I should commit a robbery, as I had no coat on.</p>
<p>Higg's Defence.</p>
<p>'I know nothing of it.</p>
<p>Question from the Jury to the Prosecutor.</p>
<p>Whether you did not express some doubts as to the identity of the men.</p>
<p>- Watlington. Your lordship asked me if I swore positively to them; I told you, no, I could not; to my belief they were the very same people.</p>
<p>Court. But as to one, you expressly said, you could not speak to him in the stripped waistcoat.</p>
<p>Higgs
<rs id="t17750531-12-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-12-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>Whittle,
<rs id="t17750531-12-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-12-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17750531-12-punish64" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-12-punish64" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-12-defend364 t17750531-12-punish64"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>Barker Acquitted.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-13">
<interp inst="t17750531-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-13-off65-c344" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-13-defend374 t17750531-13-off65 t17750531-13-verdict67"/>
<p>405. (2d. M.)
<persName id="t17750531-13-defend374" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS THOMPSON
<interp inst="t17750531-13-defend374" type="surname" value="THOMPSON"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13-defend374" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13-defend374" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for that he
<rs id="t17750531-13-off65" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-13-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> in the King's highway, in and upon
<persName id="t17750531-13-victim376" type="victimName"> Andrew Anderson
<interp inst="t17750531-13-victim376" type="surname" value="Anderson"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13-victim376" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-13-victim376" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-13-off65 t17750531-13-victim376"/> </persName> , did make an assault, puting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a quarter
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177505310033"/> Guinea, and nine shillings in money numbered the property of the said Andrew </rs>.
<rs id="t17750531-13-cd66" type="crimeDate">December the 5th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-13-off65 t17750531-13-cd66"/>. *</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-13-verdict67" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-13-verdict67" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-14">
<interp inst="t17750531-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-14-off68-c346" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-14-defend378 t17750531-14-off68 t17750531-14-verdict72"/>
<p>406. (2d M.)
<persName id="t17750531-14-defend378" type="defendantName"> JAMES SHARPLEY
<interp inst="t17750531-14-defend378" type="surname" value="SHARPLEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-defend378" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-defend378" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-14-off68" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-14-off68" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-off68" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17750531-14-person379"> Thomas Westwood
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person379" type="surname" value="Westwood"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person379" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person379" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the 25th of May, about the hour of seven in the evening, (no person being therein,) and stealing a Cloth Coat, value ten shillings and six-pence and a Cloth Waistcoat, value two shillings and six-pence, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-14-person380"> Thomas Westwood
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person380" type="surname" value="Westwood"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person380" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person380" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in the dwelling house of the said Thomas </rs> ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-14-victim382" type="victimName"> Thomas Westwood
<interp inst="t17750531-14-victim382" type="surname" value="Westwood"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-victim382" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-victim382" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-14-off68 t17750531-14-victim382"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17750531-14-viclabel69" type="occupation">Smith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-14-victim382 t17750531-14-viclabel69"/> in
<placeName id="t17750531-14-crimeloc70">Catherine Wheele-alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-crimeloc70" type="placeName" value="Catherine Wheele-alley"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-crimeloc70" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-14-off68 t17750531-14-crimeloc70"/>; on Thursday the
<rs id="t17750531-14-cd71" type="crimeDate">25th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-14-off68 t17750531-14-cd71"/>, about seven in the evening, when I was at work in my shop, a little way off my son, came to me, and asked if I had sent any body for my Cloaths; I told him I had not then said he, our house must have been broke open; upon which I ran home and so it was, when I came into the house I found this Gimblet (producing it) which fastened down the sash of the lower room window on the floor, and the window shut down; when I went out, I fastened down the window and left nobody in the house, I have a wife and four children but all were out; I went up stairs, I found my trunk had been broke open, the lock was wrenched off and this poker. (producing it) bent lay by it; I left a coat and waistcoat in the trunk when I went out, they were missing. When I took the prisoner, he told me where the cloaths were in pawn my little boy directed me to the prisoner; he said he went to school with him in wentworth street, I took him at a lodging house. When I took him he said; don't take me to the Cage and I will tell you where I have pawned them; which was in Brick Lane, I went there and found them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-14-person383"> Samuel Westwood
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person383" type="surname" value="Westwood"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person383" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person383" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; the son, confirmed his father's evidence.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-14-person384"> John Grant
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person384" type="surname" value="Grant"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person384" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-person384" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I am a pawn-broker, about eight o'clock on the 25th of May, this waistcoat (producing it) was brought to my house, I believe by the prisoner, but am not sure for I never saw him before nor since.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. It is my waistcoat.</p>
<p>The prisoner in his defence called two witnesses who gave him a very good character.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-14-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-14-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-14-verdict72" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house but guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.
<rs id="t17750531-14-punish73" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-14-punish73" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-14-defend378 t17750531-14-punish73"/> T </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-15">
<interp inst="t17750531-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-15-off74-c352" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-15-defend386 t17750531-15-off74 t17750531-15-verdict76"/>
<p>407. (L.)
<persName id="t17750531-15-defend386" type="defendantName"> MARY STRACY
<interp inst="t17750531-15-defend386" type="surname" value="STRACY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15-defend386" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15-defend386" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-15-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-15-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a pewter pint pot, value ten-pence </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-15-victim388" type="victimName"> Thomas Allen
<interp inst="t17750531-15-victim388" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15-victim388" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-15-victim388" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-15-off74 t17750531-15-victim388"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-15-cd75" type="crimeDate">May 15th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-15-off74 t17750531-15-cd75"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-15-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-15-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17750531-16">
<interp inst="t17750531-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16" type="year" value="1775"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17750531"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16" type="date" value="17750531"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17750531-16-off77-c354" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-16-defend390 t17750531-16-off77 t17750531-16-verdict81"/>
<p>408. (L).
<persName id="t17750531-16-defend390" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH MUDDALL
<interp inst="t17750531-16-defend390" type="surname" value="MUDDALL"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-defend390" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-defend390" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17750531-16-off77" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-16-off77" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-off77" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a copper tea-kettle value four-shillings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17750531-16-victim392" type="victimName"> William Harris
<interp inst="t17750531-16-victim392" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-victim392" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-victim392" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-16-off77 t17750531-16-victim392"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17750531-16-cd78" type="crimeDate">April 30th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-16-off77 t17750531-16-cd78"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-16-person393"> William Harris
<interp inst="t17750531-16-person393" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-person393" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-person393" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17750531-16-crimeloc79">Aldersgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-crimeloc79" type="placeName" value="Aldersgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-crimeloc79" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-16-off77 t17750531-16-crimeloc79"/>, I am a
<rs id="t17750531-16-viclabel80" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17750531-16-victim392 t17750531-16-viclabel80"/>; I lost a copper tea-kettle on the 30th of April; the prisoner came in for a penny worth of beer, when she was gone I miss'd the kettle, she was taken the same afternoon with the kettle upon her.</p>
<p>The tea-kettle was produced in court and deposed to by the prosecutor.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17750531-16-person394"> Thomas Blower
<interp inst="t17750531-16-person394" type="surname" value="Blower"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-person394" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17750531-16-person394" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I am a watchman, I took the prisoner in a lodging house with the tea-kettle tied under her upper petticoat.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I do not remember that I did what the witnesses charge me with.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17750531-16-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17750531-16-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>