<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 7th, Thursday the 8th, Friday the 9th, Saturday the 10th, Monday the 12th, Tuesday the 13th, and Wednesday the 14th of JULY, 1773.
<p>In the Thirteenth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Sixth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable
<persName id="f17730707-1-person1"> James Townsend
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person1" type="surname" value="Townsend"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person1" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Sold by S. BLADON, at No. 28, in Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17730707-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> James Townsend
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person2" type="surname" value="Townsend"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person2" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable
<persName id="f17730707-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> EDWARD WILLES
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person3" type="surname" value="WILLES"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person3" type="given" value="EDWARD"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of King's Bench *; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17730707-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> JAMES EYRE
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person4" type="surname" value="EYRE"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person4" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Barons of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer +; Mr. Serjeant GLYNN, Recorder ++;
<persName id="f17730707-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> THOMAS NUGENT
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person5" type="surname" value="NUGENT"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person5" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Common Serjeant ~, and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>The *, +, and ~, refer to the Judges by whom the Prisoners were tried.</p>
<p>(L.) First London Jury.</p>
<p>(2d L.) Second London Jury.</p>
<p>(M.) First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>(2d M.) Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>First London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Thomas White
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person6" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person6" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person7" type="jurorName"> John Woolgar
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person7" type="surname" value="Woolgar"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Richard Howard
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person8" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Gee
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person9" type="surname" value="Gee"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person9" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Charles Mitchel
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person10" type="surname" value="Mitchel"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person10" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person11" type="jurorName"> James Peacock
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person11" type="surname" value="Peacock"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person11" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Thomas Cathrow
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person12" type="surname" value="Cathrow"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person12" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Robert Halford
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person13" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person14" type="jurorName"> William Browning
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person14" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Job Orton
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person15" type="given" value="Job"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Samuel Keeble
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person16" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Willoughby
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person18" type="jurorName"> William Wood
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person18" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person19" type="jurorName"> William Cooper
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person19" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Hunt
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person20" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person20" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Howse
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Robert Atkinson
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person22" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Robert Holgate
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person23" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person24" type="jurorName"> John Francis
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person24" type="surname" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person24" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person25" type="jurorName"> William Wilson
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person25" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Thomas Thompson
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person26" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person26" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person27" type="jurorName"> John Daniel
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person27" type="surname" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person27" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Ralph Haswell
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person28" type="surname" value="Haswell"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person28" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Joseph Wright
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person29" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>First Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person30" type="jurorName"> Thomas Parker
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person30" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person30" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person31" type="jurorName"> Matthew Denton
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person31" type="surname" value="Denton"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person31" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person32" type="jurorName"> William Ball
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person32" type="surname" value="Ball"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person32" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Stone Tuppin
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person33" type="surname" value="Tuppin"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person33" type="given" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Jeremiah Swaine
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person34" type="surname" value="Swaine"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person34" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person35" type="jurorName"> William Inwood
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person35" type="surname" value="Inwood"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person35" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person36" type="jurorName"> William Turner
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person36" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person36" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person37" type="jurorName"> John Read
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person37" type="surname" value="Read"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person37" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person38" type="jurorName"> Thomas Brawn
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person38" type="surname" value="Brawn"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person38" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person39" type="jurorName"> Richard Whitton
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person39" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person40" type="jurorName"> John Jew
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person40" type="surname" value="Jew"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person40" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person41" type="jurorName"> John Russell
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person41" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="f17730707-1-person42" type="jurorName"> Thomas Marslet
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person42" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> served part of the time instead of
<persName id="f17730707-1-person43" type="jurorName"> Richard Whitton
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person43" type="surname" value="Whitton"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person43" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="f17730707-1-person44" type="jurorName"> John Tew
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person44" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person45" type="jurorName"> William Weston
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person45" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Second Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person46" type="jurorName"> George Ward
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person46" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person47" type="jurorName"> John Emery
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person47" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person48" type="jurorName"> Richard Laurence
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person48" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person49" type="jurorName"> John Russell
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person50" type="jurorName"> Richard Male
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person51" type="jurorName"> Josiah Turner
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person52" type="jurorName"> James Elliot
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<interp inst="f17730707-1-person52" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17730707-1-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17730707-1-person53" type="jurorName"> Henry Hunt
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person54" type="jurorName"> John Smith
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person55" type="jurorName"> Richard Holmes
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person56" type="jurorName"> William Greenwood
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<persName id="f17730707-1-person57" type="jurorName"> John Wade
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<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim66" type="given" value="Isabella"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim66" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, three silk gowns, value 3 l. the property of
<persName id="t17730707-1-victim68" type="victimName"> Sarah Creighton
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim68" type="surname" value="Creighton"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim68" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim68" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, and three silk gowns, value 2 l. the property of the said
<persName id="t17730707-1-person69"> Margaret Mortimer
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person69" type="surname" value="Mortimer"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person69" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person69" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> in her dwelling house </rs>. ++</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-victim71" type="victimName"> Margaret Mortimer
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim71" type="surname" value="Mortimer"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim71" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-victim71" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have a house in
<placeName id="t17730707-1-crimeloc3">Old Gravel-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-crimeloc3" type="placeName" value="Old Gravel-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-crimeloc3" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-1-off1 t17730707-1-crimeloc3"/>, and
<rs id="t17730707-1-viclabel4" type="occupation">keep a milliner's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-1-victim71 t17730707-1-viclabel4"/>: Miss Creighton, who lay with me, was waked by a noise; she cried out for God's sake get up, there is somebody coming in; I got up and looked out at the window, but seeing nothing, I screwed down the window and went to bed again; in about half an hour she called to me again, and said get up, there is somebody getting in; we jumped up and went to the window, and saw three persons in the garden; I called to them and asked them what they did there; I screamed out and made a noise at the window. I am certain the prisoners were the persons I saw in the garden; it was star light, and the light was very good; I could very well distinguish the persons and their dress. An alarm being given one of them said somebody was at the door: then immediately I heard a voice at the door say bush, if you don't open the door I'll blow your brains out; then the same voice bid us all go into bed; then a man came in with a dark lanthorn; the two persons that I saw in the garden were the two Youngers; the youngest sat by the side of the bed and the other at the bottom of the bed.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure as to their persons?</p>
<p>Mortimer. Yes, I am positive to them. While they were in the room the youngest Younger said blow their brains out and then they will not blow us; one said no, save their lives; that man is not taken: there were eight in all, four above stairs and four below; they said if we stirred they would blow our brains out. When they went away they ordered us to lie two hours or they would blow our brains out.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person72"> Sarah Creighton
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person72" type="surname" value="Creighton"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person72" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person72" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was waked, and desired Miss Mortimer to get up for there were thieves in the house; Miss Mortimer got up and said there was a man at the door and two men coming up the yard; they said bush, open the door, or we will blow your brains out; I opened the door and they came in, and bid us get into bed and cover our faces. As they were coming up stairs I reached out of bed to hide something, and saw Grear's face as he came up stairs; I imagine he lighted his candle by the lanthorn and put it in the chimney; he demanded the plate; Miss Mortimer said there were six silver spoons in the drawer; he came from the drawer and said to his companion, take this silk; I then thought I heard some more voices in the room; the sheet was off my head, and he said if I did not cover up my face he would blow my brains out. When there was light in the room I saw the shade of a man take down some gowns from a rail; one of them asked for a handkerchief; Miss Mortimer said they were in a drawer; Grear got on the bed and trod on my hand, and never left the bed but to go to the door of the room.</p>
<p>Q. Was it so light that you could distinguish his person?</p>
<p>Creighton. I saw him come up stairs with the light; I reached out of bed to get a piece of sattin out of the drawer, and Miss Mortimer pulled me back; he called for a chissel to wrench open the drawer, and his companion brought him one; when he had got it open, Grear said you did not tell us there was some money here, we have found it, and there is more in the house, and we must have it or we will cut your heads off, and blow your brains out; he called to the other and bid him charge the other pistol; then one that is not taken said don't kill them; they asked what business we carried on, and one said a milliner's; then they asked where the laces were; Grear said they were Jackson's gang and seared nobody; the boy said blow their brains out, and then they cannot tell tales or give information. Before they went away he said there were four above stairs and four below stairs; that they should be there two hours, and if we got up to alarm any body they would blow our brains out. Grear asked for my pockets; I slid my pocket book out of them and gave him my empty pockets; I knew them again when I saw them at the Justice's. When they were gone, we got out of bed, between three and four o'clock, and locked the door, and threw up the window; Miss Mortimer saw a man walking along with a pitch fork, and said she was sure he was one of the men that had robbed us; that was the eldest of the Youngers.</p>
<p>Q. You only swear to the person of Grear?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070004"/>Creighton. No.</p>
<p>Q. Are you quite positive to him?</p>
<p>Creighton. Yes; I took particular notice of him.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person73"> Catherine Little
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person73" type="surname" value="Little"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person73" type="given" value="Catherine"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person73" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Miss Mortimer: I shut the windows that night before I went to bed; we were disturbed about twelve o'clock; we got out of bed and opened the sash; but saw nobody; then we went to bed again, and in about half an hour we heard a noise and got out of bed, and saw the two Youngers run across the yard; Miss Mortimer tapped at the window and asked what they wanted there; one of them said bush, or we will blow your brains out by the living God; they got into the room; I did not see any of them after they were in the room; I was covered. I am positive it was the two Youngers that stopped under the window.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person74"> John Pagett
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person74" type="surname" value="Pagett"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person74" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable: I was sent for and informed a burglary had been committed at Miss Mortimer's; I went there, and she described a good many people, and said she should know them perfectly well; she said she had seen some of them about the neighbourhood a great while; I went to the back of the house and saw Younger; I brought him to her and she said he was one of the persons that had robbed her.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take Grear?</p>
<p>Pagett. Yes; I had a suspicion of his being a bad person; she said she was not positive to his person; I took a brace of pistols from him and a bullet mould; one was loaded the other discharged; Mr. Justice Sherwood took the loading out himself (produces them); I took some shot and powder out of his pocket at the same time.</p>
<p>Grear's Defence.</p>
<p>I have two evidences to prove where I was that night.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person75"> Thomas Younger
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person75" type="surname" value="Younger"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person75" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence.</p>
<p>None of my witnesses are here.</p>
<p>James Younger's Defence.</p>
<p>My witnesses are not here.</p>
<p>For Grear.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person76"> Laurence Mercer
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person76" type="surname" value="Mercer"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person76" type="given" value="Laurence"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman: I lighted Grear home between twelve and one o'clock this night three weeks the night of the robbery, from Swan-alley, East Smithfield.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to know the hour so particularly?</p>
<p>Mercer. I being a watchman have to call every hour and every half hour; I have a good right to know it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know Grear before?</p>
<p>Mercer. Yes; I know him to be a very honest civil man as far as I know any thing by him; I never heard any bad action of him. I lighted him from Butcher-row to Old Gravel-lane, about half a mile.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was it very dark?</p>
<p>Mercer. No not very dark.</p>
<p>Q. It was so dark he wanted you to light him home?</p>
<p>Mercer. It was but a little distance from my stand, so I lighted him home.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person77"> Elizabeth Farrell
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person77" type="surname" value="Farrell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person77" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person77" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was in
<persName id="t17730707-1-person78"> Thomas Grear
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person78" type="surname" value="Grear"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person78" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's house the night before this affair happened; he was taken up the next morning; his wife was ill; I was taking care of her; he came home with the watchman about half after twelve; he laid himself down on the side of the bed very drunk, and did not get up till Pagett came and took him out of bed. I sat up to take care of his wife.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. He usually carried a pair of pistols about him?</p>
<p>Farrell. He lent a up mate some money on the pistols.</p>
<p>Q. to Miss Creighton. Look at Grear, are you sure he is the man?</p>
<p>Creighton. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. May not you be mistaken?</p>
<p>Creighton. No; he said his father and his brother were hanged and he was sure he should be hanged too. I am positive to his person and his voice, for he said by Jesus several times.</p>
<p>Q. How old is
<persName id="t17730707-1-person79"> James Younger
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person79" type="surname" value="Younger"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person79" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Creighton. Thirteen years.</p>
<p>For the Youngers.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person80"> Ann Whitefield
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person80" type="surname" value="Whitefield"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person80" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person80" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . That night this robbery was committed they were both in their beds about a quarter after ten o'clock;
<persName id="t17730707-1-person81"> Thomas Younger
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070005"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person81" type="surname" value="Younger"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person81" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> might be about ten minutes before four out of the house in the morning driving a cart for a woman that keeps a green stall; the clock struck four just as he went out of the doors; he said to Mrs. Keene, who rents the house, call me up at three o'clock; she asked why he got up so soon; he said because he was going to Newgate-market a little before four o'clock; I saw the sun coming through the top of the window; she said Tom, Tom, get up, I believe you have lain too long; he said what o'clock is it? getting up scratching his head; she said she did not know; he got up, put on his clothes, and went out.</p>
<p>Q. What day was this?</p>
<p>Whitefield. A Thursday; I will not swear to the day of the month; I believe last Thursday fortnight.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you think so?</p>
<p>Whitefield. I think so; I will not swear to any thing but what is right.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know when the men were taken up?</p>
<p>Whitefield. Yes; it was the same night they were taken up in the morning. The woman that went to market along with the boy came home with the cart, and said Lord, Mrs. Keene, did you hear of the robbery done in Old Gravel-lane? she said no; she said the milliner is robbed; I said, thank God, they cannot say it is the Youngers did it, for Tom he was in bed; she said no, he has been to market with us; soon after this she came and said
<persName id="t17730707-1-person82"> Tom Younger
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person82" type="surname" value="Younger"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person82" type="given" value="Tom"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was taken from our door; then the little boy got out of bed naked, ran crying and clasping his hands about his brother; I bid him put on his clothes; he put on one of my shoes and one of his own and ran out.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Whitefield. A poor woman, and work hard for my living.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Pagett came to your house?</p>
<p>Whitefield. Not till after the boy was taken.</p>
<p>Q. Did not they search your house for stolen things?</p>
<p>Whitefield. Pagett did.</p>
<p>Pagett. I have been at the searching of her house a number of times.</p>
<p>Q. Who lay in this room where the Youngers lay?</p>
<p>Whitefield. Mrs. Keene and her two children, and I and another woman lay in the fore room, that he could not go out of one room or the other without our knowledge.</p>
<p>- Phene. I live in Old Gravel-lane: the two Youngers had lain in my place three weeks before they were taken; they lay at my house all the night before they were taken up for the robbery; they lay in the back room; the young one was never out of bed till his brother was taken; the other got up about four.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any thing particular when he got up?</p>
<p>Phene. The woman called him up to go to market.</p>
<p>Q. There was no particular conversation?</p>
<p>Phene. No; she called him up.</p>
<p>Q. Nothing but her calling him?</p>
<p>Phene. No; she called him and he went to market; he had been with her at Bow fair driving her cart.</p>
<p>Q. Do you live in the house with Mrs. Whitefield?</p>
<p>Phene. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any search warrant coming there?</p>
<p>Phene. No there never was, nor we were never blemished with any thing in the world.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-1-person83"> Elizabeth Burn
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person83" type="surname" value="Burn"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person83" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person83" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in the same house; the two Youngers lay in our house the night before they were taken; I saw them in bed at ten o'clock; one of them got up at four; it struck four just as he got out of doors; the other got up a little before eight when the woman called him up.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say to him then?</p>
<p>Burn. She said Tom what are not you up yet to go to market?</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What o'clock did you go to bed that night?</p>
<p>Burn. Almost twelve.</p>
<p>Q. What part did you lie in?</p>
<p>Burn. The middle room; there are two rooms upon one floor.</p>
<p>Q. Where did Mrs. Whitefield lie?</p>
<p>Burn. In the fore room.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to be up so late?</p>
<p>Burn. My husband was in liquor, and I dare not then disturb him till he has had his first sleep.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any search warrant coming to the house?</p>
<p>Burn. I saw men there, I do not know whether
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070006"/> they had any warrant; they never found any thing there; I have been there a twelvemonth.</p>
<p>Q. Have they been several times searching the house?</p>
<p>Burn. Once or twice.</p>
<p>Q. Who was in the house at the time?</p>
<p>Burn. There were several at work at stop work; Mrs. Whitefield, Mrs. Phene, and I, were sitting together, when they came to search the house.</p>
<p>Q. from Grear to Justice Sherwood. Were the pistols loaded?</p>
<p>Mr. Sherwood. One of them was loaded, and I
<persName id="t17730707-1-person84"> drew
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person84" type="given" value="drew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-1-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the shot out of it myself; the other was not loaded.</p>
<p>Counsel for the Crown. When the ladies came to you upon the information, were there any other prisoners produced besides the prisoners?</p>
<p>Sherwood. Several more; the lady immediately pointed to this man; I recommended her to be very cautious and look round; she immediately fixed upon Grear; many had passed in irons by, and she immediately fixed upon Grear, and I think said she had a full view of him in the garden, and at the door of her chamber.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the character of any of these women that appear?</p>
<p>Sherwood. Yes, by hear say.</p>
<p>Q. What character have you heard of them?</p>
<p>Sherwood. That old woman that was upon her evidence when I came in (Whitefield) is one of those that are very remarkable for receiving stolen goods, along with that boy's mother, who is now under sentence of transportation.</p>
<p>Q. What is the character of any of the rest?</p>
<p>Sherwood. I do not know any of the rest.</p>
<p>Q. to Pagett. Do you know the character of the other two women?</p>
<p>Pagett. I have seen them in the house at divers times; I know no more of them than seeing them in that house. I have found chissels buried under ground there: the house comes almost to the back of the lady's garden.</p>
<p>All three
<rs id="t17730707-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-1-punish6" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-1-punish6" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-1-defend59 t17730707-1-punish6"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-1-defend61 t17730707-1-punish6"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-1-defend63 t17730707-1-punish6"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-2">
<interp inst="t17730707-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-2-off7-c79" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend86 t17730707-2-off7 t17730707-2-verdict11"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-2-off7-c80" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend88 t17730707-2-off7 t17730707-2-verdict13"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-2-off7-c81" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend90 t17730707-2-off7 t17730707-2-verdict13"/>
<p>392, 393, 394. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-2-defend86" type="defendantName"> JOHN LENNARD
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend86" type="surname" value="LENNARD"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend86" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17730707-2-defend88" type="defendantName"> THOMAS GRAVES
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend88" type="surname" value="GRAVES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend88" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17730707-2-defend90" type="defendantName"> JAMES GUY
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend90" type="surname" value="GUY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend90" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-defend90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted; the first for
<rs id="t17730707-2-off7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> committing a rape on the body of
<persName id="t17730707-2-person91"> Ann Boss
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person91" type="surname" value="Boss"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person91" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person91" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, against the statute; and the other two for feloniously and maliciously procuring, aiding, and abetting, the said
<persName id="t17730707-2-person92"> John Lennard
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person92" type="surname" value="Lennard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person92" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the felony and rape aforesaid to do and commit, against the statute </rs>.</p>
<p>Second Count for feloniously receiving, harbouring, and maintaining the said
<persName id="t17730707-2-person93"> John Lennard
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person93" type="surname" value="Lennard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person93" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , knowing him to have committed the felony and rape aforesaid against the statute,
<rs id="t17730707-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">June 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-off7 t17730707-2-cd8"/>. *</p>
<p>The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-victim95" type="victimName"> Ann Boss
<interp inst="t17730707-2-victim95" type="surname" value="Boss"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-victim95" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-victim95" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-off7 t17730707-2-victim95"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. I think you were at the house of a Mr. Brailsford, in
<placeName id="t17730707-2-crimeloc9">Petty France</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-crimeloc9" type="placeName" value="Petty France"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-crimeloc9" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-off7 t17730707-2-crimeloc9"/>, as a lodger and boarder?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you lived there?</p>
<p>Boss. Two years and a half.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember on the 14th of June any alteration happening in Mr. Brailsford's family?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, that was the day. Mr. Housman was to be left with me, to take care of me and the house, and the maid: I should not have continued there but Mr. Brailsford begged of me to stay. There were some things of my brother's and mine there.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect the three prisoners coming, that evening to your house?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. They came in with an execution along with Mr. Vere I believe?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes; there were only two in the morning, the other was added afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. Had Mr. Vere left these three men in possession in the night of the 14th?</p>
<p>Boss. The 14th.</p>
<p>Q. Tell my Lord and the Jury what happened on the 15th.</p>
<p>Boss. The 15th was the day they committed the fact; Mr. Housman went away; the maid servant continued in the house with me till near five o'clock I believe.</p>
<p>Q. By what means did she go out of the house?</p>
<p>Boss. I told her to go to Mrs. Wyat's to let her know I would as soon as I had dressed myself come over and wait upon her; then there remained nobody in the house but the three prisoners and me.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you?</p>
<p>Boss. I went up stairs for the purpose of dressing myself.</p>
<p>Q. What room was you in?</p>
<p>Boss. I believe it to be up two pair of stairs; I was so frightened with his entering into the room that I was hardly able to know any thing.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070007"/>Q. Who entered into the room?</p>
<p>Boss. Lennard.</p>
<p>Q. Was the door shut or locked?</p>
<p>Boss. The door was not locked.</p>
<p>Q. Was it shut to?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot tell; he proceeded to violence directly; I was so hurried I was almost distracted; I could hardly recollect any thing; from what I recollect as soon as he entered he proceeded to violence immediately; the first victory I perceived he had gained over me was, that his hand was where it ought not to be; I endeavoured to defend myself from that but found it impossible; I perceived then he was going to unbutton his breeches; with that I left myself unguarded, and with one hand seized him by the throat, and with the other endeavoured to prevent him; then I was quite conquered and he proceeded to lie with me.</p>
<p>Q. Did he throw you down?</p>
<p>Boss. That I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Was it on the bed?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, it was on the bed.</p>
<p>Q. Was you undressed; had you your stays off or on?</p>
<p>Boss. My stays were on but not laced.</p>
<p>Q. Did he pull off your stays?</p>
<p>Boss. That I cannot tell; my stays were loose.</p>
<p>Q. Did they come off?</p>
<p>Boss. That I cannot tell, they were quite loose; I suppose they might come loose in my struggling.</p>
<p>Q. Were your stays ever quite loosed?</p>
<p>Boss. No, they were not; when I got up in the morning I did not stay to lace them quite, but wound the lace round.</p>
<p>Q. Had you dined in company with these men that day?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. Had you been in their company that day?</p>
<p>Boss. I had been in the house with them.</p>
<p>Q. But not particularly in company with them?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. You say he proceeded to lie with you, will you now give a particular account of what you perceived?</p>
<p>Boss. I do not know how to describe it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you perceive any extraordinary appearance?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did his privy parts touch you?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, they did.</p>
<p>Q. Were they in your body?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, they were.</p>
<p>Q. When you found that his privy parts were in your body did you find any particular emotion; did you perceive any thing come from him?</p>
<p>Boss. He was so violent that he hurt me prodigiously; I was very near fainting.</p>
<p>Q. With what did he hurt you; was it with his members, his privy parts?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long might he continue on the bed with you?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Can you give any sort of guess at the time?</p>
<p>Boss. I was so distracted with attempting to get out of their hands that I had no recollection at all.</p>
<p>Q. When his privy parts were in your body did you feel any thing come from him?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot say I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you afterwards examine your linen; did you look at your shift?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any thing wet or any appearance of any thing wet?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, there was.</p>
<p>Q. How soon after this did you examine your shift?</p>
<p>Boss. I found myself wet; I perceived myself wet.</p>
<p>Q. Was it blood upon your shift or what?</p>
<p>Boss. Not blood.</p>
<p>Q. How soon was it after that you looked at your shift?</p>
<p>Boss. I did not look at my shift at all; it was from my own perception I found it wet.</p>
<p>Q. You said it was not blood; how do you know if you did not look; was it at any time after you looked at it?</p>
<p>Boss. The next morning.</p>
<p>Q. Did he leave you as soon as he had lain with you, or continue any time after in the room?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know whether you actually did faint or not?</p>
<p>Boss. I know I felt so ill I thought I was dying, and I believe I fainted more than once.</p>
<p>Q. Had he knowledge of you more than once?</p>
<p>Boss. Not that I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Was you in any sort consenting to his
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070008"/> carnal knowledge of you, or did you resist him to the utmost of your power?</p>
<p>Boss. I resisted him to my very utmost.</p>
<p>Q. Did you during the time he was struggling with you make use of any outcry or endeavour to alarm?</p>
<p>Boss. I cried out all I could.</p>
<p>Q. What did you cry out?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot express the words I made use of; I made use of many out-cries. When I had got down in the parlour (I do not know how I got down) I recollect very well that he endeavoured to sooth me, and said there was no harm done; I called out then, and said, you villain you know you have ruined me.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a front room or back room?</p>
<p>Boss. A back room.</p>
<p>Q. Was it the room you usually lie in?</p>
<p>Boss. I believe it was in that room. The three prisoners, when I endeavoured to get out, all three endeavoured to prevent me.</p>
<p>Q. That was afterwards?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes; I can say very little about the other two men; some one of them, but which it was I do not know, d - n'd me for a bitch, and bid me not make such a noise.</p>
<p>Q. This was after he had lain with you?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any recollection which that was?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Was it Lennard himself?</p>
<p>Boss. I really cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Was your lodgings up two or one pair of stairs?</p>
<p>Boss. Two pair.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any room but a lodging room?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. After he had lain with you, I believe it was sometime before you was permited to get out of the house?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any attempt to get out of the house?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, as much as I could.</p>
<p>Q. By what means was you prevented going out of the house, and by whom?</p>
<p>Boss. I was crying and was just distracted; I cannot give an account by whom.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect finding yourself some time in the garden?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How got you there?</p>
<p>Boss. I believe Lennard led me there; when the mob was raised they endeavoured to drag me out; Mr. Giddes's servant maid, whose name is Molly, called to me, and endeavoured to help me over the wall when I was in the garden.</p>
<p>Q. Were any of the prisoners in the garden with you?</p>
<p>Boss. One was.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any thing particular in his behaviour then?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. I believe you continued at the house of Mr. Giddes all the night before?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mrs. Sandys come there?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. I believe it was not till the next morning that you had any particular conversation with Mrs. Sandys?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell her what had passed between Lennard and you?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was that the first time you told any body of it?</p>
<p>Boss. I really cannot tell what I said over night; but I recollect giving a particular account to Mrs. Sandys the next morning.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect particularly what you called out when you was up the two pair of stairs?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot tell particularly; I know I made use of a great many expressions.</p>
<p>Q. How did you find yourself the next day, or some days afterwards?</p>
<p>Boss. Very ill; I was so sore that it was with great difficulty that I walked.</p>
<p>Q. Was that soreness in your privy parts?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any particular pain when you had occasion to void your urine?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it that he came into the room where you were?</p>
<p>Boss. About five in the afternoon; it might be after five; I cannot be particular.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you been in the room before he came into it?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot recollect.</p>
<p>Q. Where had you dined that day?</p>
<p>Boss. I had ate no dinner.</p>
<p>Q. Was you upon the bed when he came into the room?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070009"/>Boss. I believe not.</p>
<p>Q. How came you upon the bed?</p>
<p>Boss. I have no recollection of that; I believe he forced me there.</p>
<p>Q. You only believe it?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot be positive.</p>
<p>Q. When he came into the room first of all one would think you could recollect because your fright could not be so great then, not knowing what his intention was?</p>
<p>Boss. My fright has robbed me almost of all recollection of what passed before and after; I am pretty sure I was not upon the bed.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect what room it was?</p>
<p>Boss. Not certainly.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect your purpose of being in the room?</p>
<p>Boss. To dress myself.</p>
<p>Q. Then one would think you would go to that room where you usually sleep?</p>
<p>Boss. I believe myself to have been there.</p>
<p>Q. Had you dressed yourself different from what you had been in before that day?</p>
<p>Boss. I had not.</p>
<p>Q. Have you no recollection how long you had been in the room before he came in?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. I would not say any thing to give you offence, but upon your oath had you drank with the man that day?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot say whether I did or not; I recollect what passed at Justice Fielding's; Lennard there said that I desired him to bring me some rum and water; when I thought I was dying I might desire him to bring me some, but I do not recollect it.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect whether before this matter passed you had desired him to bring up a little rum and water to your bedside?</p>
<p>Boss. I do not believe any such thing.</p>
<p>Q. I am told there was a good deal of rum in the house: now before this thing happened have you no recollection of ordering, or desiring him to bring you a little rum and water?</p>
<p>Boss. I have not; I do not believe I did such a thing; the maid and I had a dish of tea in the kitchen; that was all the dinner I had; she knows I had nothing that day to disorder me at all.</p>
<p>Q. Is she here?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot find her any where; I do not know where she is; I have sent many times to enquire after her.</p>
<p>Q. You say that your stays were loose, that you had wrapped the lace round you?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Had you had no time from the morning till five in the afternoon to lace your stays?</p>
<p>Boss. He followed me so quick I apprehend I had no time to dress me.</p>
<p>Q. That is from mere apprehension?</p>
<p>Boss. It is not from mere apprehension I say that.</p>
<p>Q. Had you conversed much with Lennard during the morning, or been in company with him?</p>
<p>Boss. I might talk with him being backwards and forwards in the house, but not to ask him to drink; I am sure I had no other thought than to induce him to behave well till I could get out of the house.</p>
<p>Q. from the Jury. Were all the three prisoners in the house during the time?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes, they were in the house.</p>
<p>Q. Neither of the other men were in the room?</p>
<p>Boss. Not that I know.</p>
<p>Q. The other part of the day were the prisoners in the kitchen floor or the parlour floor?</p>
<p>Boss. They sat in the parlour, but walked up and down.</p>
<p>Q. When Lennard came to the room can you recollect whether be shut the door or not?</p>
<p>Boss. I really cannot.</p>
<p>Q. Is the parlour in the front or back room?</p>
<p>Boss. The back room.</p>
<p>Q. As you had sometimes conversation with Lennard in a free manner, had he offered any civilities to you?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. Had he offered to kiss you?</p>
<p>Boss. O dear, no.</p>
<p>Q. Did he drink tea with you and your maid?</p>
<p>Boss. No.</p>
<p>Q. You drank tea in the kitchen?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were they in the kitchen at the time or in the parlour?</p>
<p>Boss. I do not believe they were in the kitchen.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person96"> Mary Cobbs
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person96" type="surname" value="Cobbs"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person96" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Giddes, that lives next door to Mr. Brailsford.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know Miss Boss before?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Only by sight, I bad never spoke to her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070010"/>Q. Do you remember any thing that passed on the 15th of June?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect hearing any thing particular that took your attention?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes.</p>
<p>Counsel. Give an account of what you heard and what you did.</p>
<p>Cobbs. I believe it was between seven and eight o'clock I was coming down stairs; I heard the cries of some woman, and as there is but a thin partition, I heard her say, I can't, I can't. I immediately ran down stairs and gave a knock at Mr. Brailsford's door.</p>
<p>Q. The fore door?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes; the men did not come so soon as I thought they might; I knocked again; two of them immediately came; Lennard is one, and I think that man with his hair tied (Guy) is the other; they did not come to the street door, they lifted up the sash of the fore parlour window on the ground floor; they did not come out; I asked to speak with the maid; they said she was not in the house; I asked where she was gone? they said she was gone somewhere, they did not know where; I asked them what woman they had got in the house that was screaming so; they said there was no woman at all in the house, only a girl that was drunk spewing all over the floor.</p>
<p>Q. Who said that?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Lennard said that; I said do not tell me of a girl being in the house spewing all over the floor, I won't cease till she is out of the house; they shut down the window and bid me go along about my business.</p>
<p>Q. Which shut down the window?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I think Lennard, but am not sure. I went into the house where I lived and shut the door, and went into the garden to listen if I could hear any thing of her there, but could not; Mrs. Sandys and Miss Wyat came and knocked at our door; I went down and opened the door to them.</p>
<p>Q. What part of the stairs was you standing on when you first heard these cries?</p>
<p>Cobbs. The two pair of stairs; when I came down the two pair of stairs I heard these cries.</p>
<p>Q. You called them screams, did you hear any more screams?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Not in the house; Mrs. Sandys and Miss Wyat asked me what was my reason for knocking at the door and putting myself in such a passion; I told them the men had got some woman in the house, whom I believed they were not using well; Mrs. Sandys said she would go to the officer's, to Mr. Vere, and fetch him; when she was gone, the mob raised before the door, and then they let Miss Boss into the garden.</p>
<p>Q. What raised the mob, the outcries or the knocking at the door?</p>
<p>Cobbs. There was a woman stood opposite that heard what I said.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose the information spread and that was the way the mob was raised?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see Miss Boss when she was in the garden?</p>
<p>Cobbs. When she was at the bottom of the garden, the gate that leads into the park, I saw her crying , wringing her hands, and begging to go out; the man said he had not got the key.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body with her then?</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person97"> John Lennard
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person97" type="surname" value="Lennard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person97" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was with her then.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect whether he had hold of her?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I do not recollect.</p>
<p>Q. How did she appear?</p>
<p>Cobbs. She had no cap on; she had a handkerchief tied about her head; she had neither apron nor handkerchief on.</p>
<p>Q. How did she appear as to her mind, as to her manner of behaviour?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I really thought she was drunk, but next morning seeing her in such great distress, I then thought she was not.</p>
<p>Q. The next morning was her distress and behaviour the same as it was that evening when you saw her first in the garden, when you supposed her to be drunk?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes, it was of the same sort.</p>
<p>Q. Did you attempt to give her any assistance to get over the garden wall into your house?</p>
<p>Cobbs. While
<persName id="t17730707-2-person98"> John Lennard
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person98" type="surname" value="Lennard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person98" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was gone back for the key of the gate, I called to her, and said I would try to pull her over the wall; she immediately came to me; the men came so quickly back with the key, and having threatened me before, I desisted.</p>
<p>Q. Where had they threatened you before?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Two of them came into the garden before, with two drawn swords; a gentleman that stood by me d - d them, called them a parcel of villains, and asked them why they would not let the woman out; that gentleman was in my master's garden.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070011"/>Q. Do you recollect his name?</p>
<p>Cobbs. He is some captain of a ship.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect which they two were?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Lennard and Guy.</p>
<p>Q. What answer did they make?</p>
<p>Cobbs. They d - d him for a villain, and said if they had him there they would run him through the liver, or something to that purpose; on his coming back so soon with the key I let go of her; I had hold of her hand; they had got down together to the gate, she begging and praying to be let out; I not knowing whether he would let her out or not, called to the centinel standing in the park; upon his coming up, Lennard opened the door and let her out.</p>
<p>Q. The other two prisoners were not in the garden at the time she was let out?</p>
<p>Cobbs. No, I only saw Lennard.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them was it d - d the gentleman, and said if they had him there they would run him through the liver?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I think Lennard, but I will not be positive.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any threat made use of to you about holding her hands?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Not, that I know of.</p>
<p>Q. This young lady continued at your master's house all night?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What was her situation during the night?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I brought her into the parlour, and set her down on the chair; she wrung her hands, and cried, and said she was ruined and undone for ever.</p>
<p>Q. What time of night might this be?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Between nine and ten, almost ten.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell you the particulars of what had happened to her that night?</p>
<p>Cobbs. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you think she was sober then or drunk?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I really thought she was drunk; I thought she had been drunk, but by her behaviour in the morning I had reason to think she was not.</p>
<p>Q. What shop did Mr. Brailsford keep; what business did he follow?</p>
<p>Cobbs. I believe no business at all.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was it from her appearance only that you thought she was in liquor that night?</p>
<p>Cobbs. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did her breath smell of any strong liquor?</p>
<p>Cobbs. No; it was the treatment that she had received I believe that made her behave in that manner.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person99"> Thomas Walters
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person99" type="surname" value="Walters"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person99" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went to Mr. Brailsford's with a bill; I knocked at the door, not knowing any person was there that had the possession of the house.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this?</p>
<p>Walters. Between seven and eight in the evening the 15th of June; Lennard came to the parlour window; I asked for Mr. Brailsford; he said there was no Mr. Brailsford there, in a slight answer; I said I had a demand upon him; there were a few people about the house; in about four or five minutes Guy came out with a drawn sword or cutlass or some such weapon, and asked who wanted Mr. Brailsford; I told him I did, I had a demand upon him; he said he would pay me, or some slight answer.</p>
<p>Q. Did he stand in or out of the house?</p>
<p>Walters. He stood at the entrance of the door, with the door in one hand and the cutlass in the other.</p>
<p>Q. What did you understand by that?</p>
<p>Walters. I said put down your sword and come here; I do not know but I am as good a man as you; and I might swear an oath I believe; he shut the door; then I went through the gentleman's house adjoining to Mr. Brailsford's; he was a foreigner; he did not understand much of English, and they told me there was a woman there, they were using very ill; there is a wall that parts the garden of Mr. Brailsford's and this gentleman's; it was so high, I could not look over it; there was a settle or chair, I stood up upon it; the injured lady that I supposed to be, was then in the parlour; I heard her say to somebody you have ruined me! you have ruined me! this was about eight o'clock as nigh as I could guess; then I went to the door again, and said it was a pity but somebody would go to a Justice of peace and take the woman out by force: I came through the garden again and heard the lady still exclaiming in a deplorable condition, making an outcry in the same manner as before. I heard one of them saying d - n you what are you crying about, why don't you lace your stays up?</p>
<p>Q. You cannot tell which said that?</p>
<p>Walter. No; there was another made answer and said d - n you what are you crying about? we will not hurt you, here is a bed in this house, you may lie in it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070012"/>Q. Was the voice you heard the second time different from the first, that you could distinguish they were different persons spoke?</p>
<p>Walters. I think it was; but I cannot be positive; I went to the door as formerly, and there were a great concourse of people there; I lifted up my foot to the door to see if I could push it open, but I could not; I went back to Mr. Giddes's garden again; there is a terrace there; I stood upon the top of the terrace, it is a kind of a mount, and called to them and asked them why they did not let the woman out; they said there was no woman in the house; all the three prisoners came out together; one of them said so.</p>
<p>Q. One of them in the hearing of the rest said that?</p>
<p>Walters. Yes; one advanced further to the terrace than the rest, I cannot tell which.</p>
<p>Q. Did he speak loud enough for the other men to hear?</p>
<p>Walters. Yes, or else I could not have heard him where I was; I said there was a woman in the house, for I heard her cry; I went through the garden and went round to Mr. Brailsford's back door; when I returned back again the woman was brought into the garden; I came back again and told them if they would not open the door, we would haul the woman up over the wall.</p>
<p>Q. Which was with her when she was brought out?</p>
<p>Walters. I believe two men; I cannot positively say who; the woman that was | standing by, I believe; had hold of Miss Boss's hand; she called to me for assistance, and before I could possibly come she let go her hand; then I told them if they did not let the lady out immediately I would call to the sentry.</p>
<p>Q. This was about half an hour or twenty minutes after eight?</p>
<p>Walters. I cannot be positive to the time. Then I went round and looked through a hole in Mr. Brailsford's back door, and saw her there crying and wringing her hands, and one of the prisoners said they had no key; then I came back again, and by the time that I came back she was let out.</p>
<p>Q. When you first saw these three men come into the garden upon your calling out, had they any arms?</p>
<p>Walters. Yes; they had at that time all three cutlasses in their hands.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her in Mr. Giddes's parlour?</p>
<p>Walters. No; her hair was all loose, her stays all loose, and her handkerchief off; I asked her how she did? she said, where am I got too? The woman that had her, wished me good night and I came away.</p>
<p>Q. How did she appear?</p>
<p>Walters. In much distress of mind; before I saw her I talked with the three prisoners, and asked them how they could be so base and so vile; to use a woman ill; they said they had used no woman ill; that was just as they let her out; I was on the top of the terrace when they let her out.</p>
<p>Q. Which said that?</p>
<p>Walters. Guy; then the other made answer, O let him alone, he is some barbering son of a bitch or another; he took me to be a barber I suppose.</p>
<p>Q. Did both of them say so?</p>
<p>Walters. Yes; I did not know at this time that the woman was out; they were in their garden then; I told them they were quite mistaken, for if I saw them in another place I would convince them to the contrary; one of them was coming over the wall with his drawn cutlass; it was then duskish; I cannot tell which that was; and as I came close by the wall he made a blow at me; I came down from the terrace and then met Miss Boss.</p>
<p>Guy. I know Miss Boss left the place between six and seven.</p>
<p>Q. from Guy. Was I ever in the garden?</p>
<p>Walters. They were all three there twice.</p>
<p>Q. from Lennard. Whether he saw Miss Boss in the garden when he came on the terrace, and who let her out?</p>
<p>Walters. I cannot tell who let her out.</p>
<p>Q. from Lennard. Whether he saw us three at the bottom of the garden?</p>
<p>Walters. Yes; two went after the keys to let her out.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person100"> Joseph Goodland
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person100" type="surname" value="Goodland"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person100" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I got into Mr. Giddes's garden between eight and nine I believe; I first heard a young lady scream very much before I saw any thing of her.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you then?</p>
<p>Goodland. In Mr. Giddes's garden.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear her scream as from the house?</p>
<p>Goodland. Yes; then I saw two men and her come out of the house with cutlasses in their hands one on each side of her.</p>
<p>Q. Which were they?</p>
<p>Goodland. I cannot tell their persons; after that one man came out with a cutlass; there were three in all out. Mr. Walters, and the girl with me, asked why they did not let the lady out; they said they could not find the key
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070013"/> of the door; then Mr. Waters and the girl tried to get the young lady over the wall; upon which one of them swore he would cut the girl's arm off if she reached over the wall, or cut her liver out if she attempted to get her over the wall; I do not know which said that; they called to the centinel, and then she was let out.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. She was at the same side of the wall at the time of this expression as the prisoners?</p>
<p>Goodland. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Then if they had chose to hurt her they might?</p>
<p>Goodland. It was spoke to us; to the servant maid, I believe.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person101"> Mary Sandys
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person101" type="surname" value="Sandys"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person101" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person101" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Are you acquainted with Miss
<persName id="t17730707-2-person102"> Ann Boss
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person102" type="surname" value="Boss"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person102" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Sandys. Yes; I keep a house in the same street. I went between five and six o'clock to enquire for Miss Boss, being informed in the morning that she and the maid were left in the house: I went first to Mrs. Wyat's; she told me the affair that had happened; there was Miss Boss's servant maid; she said she would not lie in the house another night for a great deal, from some behaviour she had seen the night before.</p>
<p>Q. Did she explain what that behaviour was?</p>
<p>Sandys. No; I did not ask her, nor did she explain any thing; I then thought it was unsafe for Miss Boss to be there all night; I had no intention before of asking her to come to my house; I asked Mrs. Wyat whether I should be admitted to go over and ask Miss to come to my house; her daughter went with me to Mr. Brailsford's; Lennard opened the door to me.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was that?</p>
<p>Sandys. Between five and six I believe; I asked him if Mr. Vere was there, knowing him; he said no; I asked for Miss Boss; he said she was just gone out; I replied, good God, which way can she be gone, she promised to come over to Mrs. Wyatt's to drink tea; I think it very ungenteel of her: she did not come out of this door or else we should have seen her; no, says he, ma'am, she is gone into the park with a small bundle in her handkerchief; I asked him if he thought I could overtake her, and how long had she been gone; he said six minutes; I then begged of him to let me out at the garden door; he ran to the door with me; when he came he had forgot the key; I went to the garden, but the door was locked; he returned and brought the key and let us both out.</p>
<p>Q. You did not hear any noise in the house as you passed through.</p>
<p>Sandys. Not the least; I enquired as soon as I got into the park, of a man that was working there, if he had seen a young lady come into the park; he said there had not that half hour; I went round the park and looked for her; I came home then, and went down to enquire, being uneasy on account of what I had heard the maid, express; I went again a second time; I enquired for Lennard, as I had seen him before; he came to the window; I asked him if Miss Boss was come in yet; he told me no; he flung up the sash of the hall window; I asked him if she left word when she should return, and left word for him to tell her when she came in, that I wanted to speak to her; one of them, I think Graves, said, I could not speak to one that was not in the house; I did not rightly observe who that was, as I did not then suspect her to be in the house.</p>
<p>Q. That was not Lennard?</p>
<p>Sandys. No. I went for Mr. Vere, and brought him down about ten o'clock at night, or a little after; they acquainted me then that she was got out, and the manner in which she had been got out. I went to Miss Boss to Mr. Giddes's.</p>
<p>Q. How did you find her?</p>
<p>Sandys. In great trouble, wringing her hands, and saying she was ruined and undone for ever.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know what became of the maid that you saw at Mrs. Wyatt's?</p>
<p>Sandys. I never saw her afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. Was she gone from Mrs. Wyatt's before you went out?</p>
<p>Sandys. I believe I left her there.</p>
<p>Q. Did she appear to you as a person in distress or in liquor?</p>
<p>Sandys. In distress entirely; I was clear of it.</p>
<p>Q. Perhaps as you have known her long you can inform us whether she is a person addicted to liquor?</p>
<p>Sandys. Not in the least; I would not say it for the world if I did not think so; I have heard my husband speak much of her being a very sober, virtuous, spotless girl.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask her that night in what manner she was undone?</p>
<p>Sandys. There were so many people about, a gentleman or two, that I did not thing it was so proper; I was happy she was so safe out of the house. Next morning Mr. Giddes's maid came to me, and told me the trouble that
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070014"/> my friend had been in all night. My husband desired me to get up and go to her. I several times asked her what she meant by being ruined; she said nothing but these villains! these villains!</p>
<p>Q. Was she in bed when you came to her?</p>
<p>Sandys. Yes, crying, and in the greatest distress I ever saw; then I said what has these villains done to you; I was in hopes last night you had got out of the house in good time, and had not been injured; O said she one man! one man! well, what has this one man done to you; Mr. Giddes's maid sat at the side of the bed; I looked at her to leave the room; she did; then I asked her if this one man came into the room; she said yes; I said, did he dare to come to bed to you; she said he did; did he dare to do all that was bad to you; he did Mrs. Sandys. I expressed to her she ought to get him punished; and asked her what defence she made for herself; she said she did all in her power; nay, says she, once I caught him by the throat, and then, says she, I was in hopes I had done for him; that was all she expressed of the affair to me that morning.</p>
<p>Q. Did you that morning, or at any other time, examine Miss Boss?</p>
<p>Sandys. I did not examine her.</p>
<p>Q. Had you occasion to look at her linen?</p>
<p>Sandys. I did not.</p>
<p>Court. The question you asked Miss Boss was this, did he dare to come to bed to you? had you the curiosity to enquire about what time this was?</p>
<p>Sandys. No; I said I would send some more able persons to discourse with her.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person103"> Amelia Wyatt
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person103" type="surname" value="Wyatt"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person103" type="given" value="Amelia"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . It was my daughter went over with Mrs. Sandys to Mr. Brailsford's.</p>
<p>Q. The next day did you see Miss Boss at Mr. Giddes's?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any conversation with her the day following?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Yes, I had, about ten o'clock in the morning, I believe.</p>
<p>Q. Was she in bed or up?</p>
<p>Wyatt. She was up; she appeared very much in distress.</p>
<p>Q. Who was in the room with her?</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person104"> Mary Cobbs
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person104" type="surname" value="Cobbs"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person104" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person104" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and Mrs. Leg that went with me.</p>
<p>Q. What account did she give you?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I asked her how she did; she said she had been very ill used by these men; I asked her in what manner; has any of them lain with you? she shook her head in a great deal of distress, and said yes. I turned to
<persName id="t17730707-2-person105"> Mary Cobbs
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person105" type="surname" value="Cobbs"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person105" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person105" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and asked her whether Miss Boss had told her that any of the men had lain with her; she said yes. I said if any one particular man has used you ill, and has ravished you, and had any knowledge of your body, in justice to yourself, and in justice to the world, take him up.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell you any thing of the particulars of it?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Yes, she described the man which I believe to be Lennard.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say whether it was by her consent?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I asked her that, and she said no, very far from that; I told her a man's life was depending, and she ought to take care and be particular.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask her about what time it happened?</p>
<p>Wyatt. She said, to the best of my knowledge about tea time; when she was to have come to me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you examine her?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Only by words.</p>
<p>Q. Did you look at her linen?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. You had been acquainted with her a great while?</p>
<p>Wyatt. About three or four weeks: I keep a shop on the other side of the way.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see her disordered in liquor?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear she drank?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. What is become of the maid servant, do you know?</p>
<p>Wyatt. She went away after she had drank two or three dishes; I have seen her but once since?</p>
<p>Q. Was she examined then?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did Miss Boss the morning following particularize to you how she found herself?</p>
<p>Wyatt. That the man had used her very ill; she described that she was very much disordered, very much swelled and sore round her waist, and with great difficulty made her urine.</p>
<p>Q. Did the maid servant explain what she meant by the bad behaviour she had seen in the house?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No; it was because of an alarm or disturbance the night before.</p>
<p>Q. from Lennard. What did you go there for?</p>
<p>Wyatt. There was a trifle owing me: I keep a shop; I asked Miss Boss about it; she seemed
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070015"/> frightened; I said don't be afraid, they are Mr. Vere's men, and I believe him to be an honest man. I went into the back room and the prisoners were there.</p>
<p>Lennard. Let her tell how Miss Boss and she got drunk together.</p>
<p>Wyatt. I will tell your lordship all that passed: Miss Boss told me she had nothing to give me; I said ma'am, I don't want any thing; I went up stairs and enquired of the men after Mr. Vere's family; when I came down again she had a bottle of rum; she endeavoured to draw the cork; she could not draw it, and I either broke it or pushed it in, and she gave me a little of the rum, about the 6th part of a gill; Miss Boss was sick; I advised her to drink a little; she drank a little but brought it up again.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you set together?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Not a great while.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her drink any more rum but that little you mentioned.</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you drink any more?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Had you and Miss Boss drank rum together before?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I never drank any thing with her before.</p>
<p>Q. Was the bottle of rum full when it was opened?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I cannot tell; I went again in the afternoon to see for her; I believe about two o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Did she appear to be perfectly sober?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I do not know any thing to the contrary, but she was uneasy about Mr. Brailsford; I attributed it to that.</p>
<p>Q. Did she appear to you to be perfectly sober or otherwise?</p>
<p>Wyatt. She appeared to be very unhappy, and said she did not like to stay in the house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you think her perfectly sober in the afternoon, or otherwise?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I thought her so the same as in the morning, only distressed upon Mr. Brailsford's account.</p>
<p>Q. Did she talk coherently and sensibly?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Very sensibly.</p>
<p>Q. How was she dressed when you first came in the morning?</p>
<p>Wyatt. In a black silk night gown.</p>
<p>Q. Was she laced?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I cannot say; I do not take particular notice of people's dress.</p>
<p>Q. Had she a cap on then?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Had she a handkerchief round her bosom?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What room did you go up into?</p>
<p>Wyatt. In the first floor back room I believe.</p>
<p>Q. She said she had got nothing to give you for they had got the keys, where did she get rum from?</p>
<p>Wyatt. When I came down I asked her where she got it; she said I asked them for it, and I believe it was Lennard gave it her.</p>
<p>Q. How long might you stay with her the second time?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I believe about half an hour.</p>
<p>Q. You had a good deal of conversation with her at this time?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I desired she would dress herself and come over to me.</p>
<p>Q. Was she up or lying on the bed?</p>
<p>Wyatt. Sitting down upon the bed when I was there, and I would have had her lain down and composed herself, as she said she had had no rest the night before; she said no, she could not think of sleeping in the house.</p>
<p>Q. Did she ask you to drink rum this afternoon?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. Where have you seen the maid since?</p>
<p>Wyatt. She called one day, but did not sit down; one day when she was going to Sir
<persName id="t17730707-2-person106"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person106" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person106" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's I believe.</p>
<p>Q. Was the maid carried to Sir
<persName id="t17730707-2-person107"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person107" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person107" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, or did she go there?</p>
<p>Wyatt. She went down to go to her lodgings; she said she had to go as far as Temple Bar.</p>
<p>Q. Where was Miss Boss when you came in the afternoon?</p>
<p>Wyatt. In the kitchen to the best of my knowledge?</p>
<p>Q. Were the men with her?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I did not see the men with her; that was the first time I was there I saw Lennard in the kitchen doing something; he said nothing to me nor to her.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did she drink nothing in the afternoon?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Miss Boss is sent for into Court again.</p>
<p>Q. You was certainly very much frightened and distracted at this outrage offered you; what was the first thing you recollect after the time this fact was committed; where do you recollect finding yourself?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070016"/>Boss. The first recollection I have was in the parlour.</p>
<p>Q. Now can you recollect how you got into the parlour?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot.</p>
<p>Q. What are the circumstances that you recollect first to have happened in the parlour?</p>
<p>Boss. Nothing more than his behaviour, that being bad, and bad language.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect, during the time you was in the parlour, making use of those expressions I can't, I can't.</p>
<p>Boss. I do not recollect those expressions.</p>
<p>Q. You remember some particulars very correctly, can you recollect whether you was lying down or not in the room above stairs when Lennard came in?</p>
<p>Boss. I believe not.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect?</p>
<p>Boss. I cannot.</p>
<p>Q. You was asked whether you could recollect the circumstances of having drank some rum and water before this fact was committed; you said you did not, but was not sure whether you might ask for some when you thought you was dying?</p>
<p>Boss. I don't recollect whether I did or not.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect drinking any thing in the morning?</p>
<p>Boss. Mrs. Wyatt was there in the morning, I was exceeding sick; I drank about a spoonful, which came up almost as soon as I had drank it.</p>
<p>Q. I think you said when I asked you whether any civilities passed between you and him, you said he was rather civiler than he was the night before?</p>
<p>Boss. My maid said something; they were up in her room; Mr. Housman was to have staid to defend me and they sent him away.</p>
<p>Q. Did the maid lie with you the night before or by herself?</p>
<p>Boss. By herself.</p>
<p>Q. And you laid by yourself; did you fasten your bed chamber that night?</p>
<p>Boss. No, I never do.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you get this bottle of rum from?</p>
<p>Boss. From Lennard.</p>
<p>Q. Did you drink any more of the rum, either in the morning or in the afternoon, besides that quantity, when Mrs. Wyat was with you?</p>
<p>Boss. I did not, unless it was when I was insensible, and did not know whether I had it or not.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with that rum after Mrs. Wyat went away?</p>
<p>Boss. I left it on the kitchen dresser.</p>
<p>Q. You said you had nothing the whole day but the tea and bread and butter, where had you the tea from?</p>
<p>Boss. The maid went out and bought it?</p>
<p>Q. How long was it that you recovered your recollection, before the time you was let go?</p>
<p>Boss. I really cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. It seems extraordinary, that you should have no recollection after the fact, till you found yourself in the parlour; do you apprehend you was in a fit?</p>
<p>Boss. I really cannot tell.</p>
<p>Lennard's Defence.</p>
<p>When I was put in upon the execution by Mr. Vere, these two gentlemen were in first; and Mr. Vere not finding them sufficient people to take care of the premises, left me to take care with them; a man in boots, I do not know him if I was to see him again, was along with Miss Boss, and had been with her all day, Houseman I believe his name is, I did not know him, what he was, nor ever asked him what he was; they dined together in the back parlour; we had some cold veal together; this was the 14th, the day the execution came in; after they had dined they went up stairs together, they drank pretty hearty below; then they took up a bottle of rum and the glass with them, and I never saw Miss Boss, nor this Housman, till two in the morning; then we three went up stairs to know the reason of his staying there so late, he said he was left there to take care of Miss Boss; I said his pulling his boots off to get into bed to her was no care at all of her; he had one boot off and was pulling the other off, and Miss Boss was very drunk; we told him he must come out of that room; he said he would be there; when he found we would not let him be in the room he drew the other boot on, and came down stairs; then he said, now you villains, when he got to the door, I will bring people that shall get you out of the house: it was our business to take care of the sheriff: presently after I heard a double tap at the door; I heard Housman say he was there: he brought a whole parcel of people there: we would not open the door to him, he staid there from a quarter before three knocking at
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070017"/> the door; at last the mob dispersed, he came about ten the next morning; I opened the door to him, he said he wanted to come in, I told him for his ill behaviour he should not come in; he said he begged my pardon, it was not him but the liquor and he was sorry for it; I let him in and he went up stairs to Miss Boss, and staid there ten or twenty minutes. I let him out to the Park and never saw him afterwards. The next day this Mrs. Wyatt came and knocked at the door, I opened it; she asked me for Miss Boss, I said I did not know whether she was up or not for I was in the back parlour; but she had got down stairs without either cap or any thing else, and her hair all over her eyes; this Mrs. Wyat went down stairs to her; presently I was called; they asked me to let them have a drop of rum; she said these people where she was had robbed her of all her property, and she was ruined and undone; I said I could not help that: she said you behaved very well young man, I shall for ever regard you for your civility last night; she went into the cellar with me and Mrs. Wyatt, and put her hand upon the top of a puncheon, and took up a bottle of rum, and she gave me and my partners another between us to drink: they took this rum into the fore kitchen, and this woman staid about an hour and an half; I saw Mrs. Wyatt almost drunk then, and let her out; she came back again and went down stairs; I went down, and we got dressing a mouthful of cold veal for our breakfasts, and Miss Boss was so drunk she could not speak, and was crying, and said she was ruined and undone; I asked her at last where was the rum; she said, I do not know what is become of it. Mrs. Wyatt was so drunk she could not stand, and Miss Boss was drunk, with her head on her hand, something slipping down; at last Mrs. Wyatt came up stairs; that was the second time of returning. I did not see her in the afternoon; she fell in the passage she was so drunk: in about half an hour after Miss Boss came up stairs, and in catching hold of the bannister, fell upon her hands and knees. I heard something fall; there she was lying and could not get up she was so intoxicated, and crying; we helped her upon her feet, and she came into the back parlour and sat down upon the chair; she was not capable of walking up stairs; these men and I led her up stairs; we let her go at her room door; instead of her throwing herself on the bed lengthways, she threw herself upon her face, and cried out, murder! we left her; she said, for God's sake bring me some rum and water! I brought her up some rum and water, and I never saw her more. After that these men came up, and said let her lay there; I never saw her any more till she came down into the yard; she came into the back parlour between five and six, and she had then no hat or cap on.</p>
<p>Graves's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in the house, in possession, at the same time, and this Miss Boss went up stairs; he and I led her up stairs; she laid herself upon the bed, and he left her: he carried her some rum and water as she asked for; I came down that instant, and never saw her from that time till about five in the evening. People knocking at the door, and throwing mud at the door, we brought down cutlasses to defend ourselves.</p>
<p>Guy's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in possession the same as the other; she got drunk on the 14th about one or two. Lennard said it is not proper for this stranger to be in the house; we don't know what he may do in the night. We went up stairs; he was sitting upon the chair, and his elbow upon the side of the bed: Lennard asked him what he did there: he went away, and said, on the other side of the door going out, I will take care in a short space of time none of you three shall be here. In about half an hour after he got four or five men, and made a great deal of noise at the door, but they could not break it: there was quite a mob. The next day he came again. Lennard had a key of the back and front door, and the wine-cellar: he let them in; he said I beg pardon, it was the liquor that did it: they dined, I think, in the back parlour; she got herself intosticated in liquor very much; they went down stairs: these men and I played at cards in the front parlour; the man went away; this old gentlewoman (Mrs. Wyatt) and she went down stairs; which way they were carried up stairs I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Wyatt. You have heard what Lennard says, that you went down into the cellar, took a bottle of rum from the puncheon, and drank so plentiful that you was quite drunk, and fell down in the passage?</p>
<p>Wyatt. I am upon my oath: I was as sober as when I got out of my bed.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go down into the cellar to get the rum?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070018"/>Wyatt. No. Miss Boss took it from the dresser.</p>
<p>Q. Did you give Lennard any of the rum?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was you at all drunk?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No more than when I was born.</p>
<p>Q. Nor the second time when you went there?</p>
<p>Wyatt. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you give Lennard any rum?</p>
<p>Wyatt. None at all. I do not know that he was in the room.</p>
<p>Mrs. Sandys again.</p>
<p>Q. When you was at Mrs. Wyatt's do you think she was in liquor?</p>
<p>Sandys. No; perfectly sober: I have known her 15 years, and know her to be a sober woman. I can bring several of my family to vindicate her in that respect.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-2-person108"> Henry Houseman
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person108" type="surname" value="Houseman"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person108" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. How is Miss Boss connected with Mr. Brailsford?</p>
<p>Houseman. I always understood as a boarder and lodger.</p>
<p>Q. Was he her guardian, or had he the care of her estate?</p>
<p>Houseman. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Houseman. An acquaintance of Mr. Brailsford's. I have a set of mills at Berkhamstead in Hertfordshire.</p>
<p>Q. Are you married or single?</p>
<p>Houseman. Married.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to be left in this house?</p>
<p>Houseman. At the request of Mr. Brailsford.</p>
<p>Q. Did you dine there on Monday?</p>
<p>Houseman. Yes; in the further parlour.</p>
<p>Q. With whom?</p>
<p>Houseman. Miss Boss and the children; they were there then.</p>
<p>Q. What drink had you at or after dinner?</p>
<p>Houseman. I believe there was wine on the table, and I believe we might drink about two glasses apiece.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any rum?</p>
<p>Houseman. No; I saw no rum.</p>
<p>Q. How long might you stay after dinner in the parlour?</p>
<p>Houseman. About a quarter of an hour, as near as I can recollect. I was in and out of the house several times in the afternoon; I went to enquire for Mr. Brailsford.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go up stairs with Miss Boss?</p>
<p>Houseman. No, I was not till evening; and then a gentleman of Mr. Brailsford's acquaintance called me up in the evening, (this was night) and desired me to take care of Miss Boss.</p>
<p>Q. Had you your boots on?</p>
<p>Houseman. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What time in the evening did you go up to her?</p>
<p>Houseman. I believe about twelve o'clock at night, that gentleman when he went away called me up.</p>
<p>Q. Was you acquainted with Miss Boss before, or only with Mr. Brailsford's family?</p>
<p>Houseman. I have known of her being there for, I believe, a year and a half, but I never conversed with her, till within a few months that I had been in town about some particular business, and frequently called there.</p>
<p>Q. Did she continue below stairs or above?</p>
<p>Houseman. Below stairs, while I was in the house.</p>
<p>Q. Had you and she drank any rum from the time you was below till you went up stairs?</p>
<p>Houseman. No, none at all.</p>
<p>Q. What room did you go into?</p>
<p>Houseman. It was the first room.</p>
<p>Q. A bed-chamber?</p>
<p>Houseman. It was a bed-chamber.</p>
<p>Q. Was it her bedchamber?</p>
<p>Houseman. I apprehended it was Mr. Brailsford's bedchamber where he and his wife lay.</p>
<p>Q. How long might you stay there with her before these people came up?</p>
<p>Houseman. Three or four, but not exceeding five minutes, I am certain.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any liquor there?</p>
<p>Houseman. None at all.</p>
<p>Q. Had you pulled off one of your boots?</p>
<p>Houseman. No, nor never attempted it.</p>
<p>Q. You had no liquor there?</p>
<p>Houseman. None that I know of; I had none I am sure; I saw none; they came up stairs, and one of them tapped at the chamber-door; I was sitting upon the chair.</p>
<p>Q. The door was shut?</p>
<p>Houseman. The door was shut. I was sitting within two yards of the door; they demanded of me the keys of the cellar. I told them I had no keys. But, said they, if you have no keys, you can get us the keys. I said, I had none; I cannot get them; I won't get them; that I had no business with keys of any sort; they
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070019"/> told me then if I did not get the keys they would turn me neck and heels out of the house. They took and turned me out of doors. As soon as they had turned me out I considered the situation that Miss Boss and the maid-servant must be in: I thought it very disagreeable. I immediately knocked at the door, and called the watch. There were two watchmen came up. I said that the bailiffs were in that house, and two young ladies there, and I was apprehensive they might be used ill. I asked them if they could break open the door? they said they had no authority to do that. I said I would apply to the peace officer, and have them out of the house if it was possible. Upon this I continued knocking till Miss Boss and the servant-maid looked out of the window; I desired them to come down, and I would take the best care of them I could: they said they could not come down, or they could not get out.</p>
<p>Q. from the Jury. Was it the women or men you meant to get out of the house?</p>
<p>Houseman. The women.</p>
<p>Q. Was you with Miss Boss next day?</p>
<p>Houseman. Yes, I was.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any liquor with her next day; did you drink any rum with her?</p>
<p>Houseman. No, nothing at all that I remember.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any apology to the officer, and say you was in liquor the night before?</p>
<p>Houseman. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you drink any rum with Miss Boss on the Tuesday?</p>
<p>Houseman. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her drink any?</p>
<p>Houseman. She drank none in my sight.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her on Monday drink more than two glasses of wine?</p>
<p>Houseman. I don't recollect I did.</p>
<p>Q. On the Tuesday did you see her drink any rum?</p>
<p>Houseman. No.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you leave her on Tuesday?</p>
<p>Houseman. About eleven in the forenoon.</p>
<p>Q. How came you not to take her away on Tuesday as you was so uneasy about her on Monday?</p>
<p>Houseman. I desired her to go away; she was washing some little things; she said as soon as she had got them dried she would go away.</p>
<p>Miss Boss is brought into court again.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect this disturbance about Mr. Houseman's being turned out about twelve o'clock at night; if I understand you right your maid, after this disturbance, went into one bed and you into another?</p>
<p>Boss. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. I think you said you did not lock or fasten your door?</p>
<p>Boss. I did not lock my door.</p>
<p>Q. Have you no fastening to it?</p>
<p>Boss. There is a latch.</p>
<p>Q. How came you and your maid to lie sepa ate, after they had turned your friend out, and you not to fasten your door?</p>
<p>Q. I really cannot tell, I never do fasten my door.</p>
<p>Lennard called
<persName id="t17730707-2-person109"> Peter King
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person109" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person109" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17730707-2-person110"> Thomas Vere
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person110" type="surname" value="Vere"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person110" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , two sheriff's officers, with whom he had lived
<rs id="t17730707-2-deflabel10" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend86 t17730707-2-deflabel10"/>, who deposed that they had put him in possession of several houses, and had never heard any complaint of his behaviour; he also called
<persName id="t17730707-2-person111"> Richard Berridge
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person111" type="surname" value="Berridge"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person111" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a marshal's court officer, who had known him seven years; John Hall, with whom be had lodged eleven years, and - Fletcher, whose house he had been in possession of seven weeks, two of which he was accompanied by Graves.</p>
<p>Graves called
<persName id="t17730707-2-person112"> James Armstrong
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person112" type="surname" value="Armstrong"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person112" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a sheriff's officer, who had employed him on the like occasion; John Green, who had known him five years, and
<persName id="t17730707-2-person113"> William Hubbard
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person113" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person113" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who knew both him and Guy.</p>
<p>Guy called
<persName id="t17730707-2-person114"> Thomas Vere
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person114" type="surname" value="Vere"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person114" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with whom he had lived;
<persName id="t17730707-2-person115"> Benjamin Freeman
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person115" type="surname" value="Freeman"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person115" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to whom he had been a tenant five years, and
<persName id="t17730707-2-person116"> John Huntley
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person116" type="surname" value="Huntley"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person116" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who had known him six or seven years, who all gave them exceeding good characters as to their honesty, and the decency of their behaviour.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-2-punish12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-2-punish12" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend86 t17730707-2-punish12"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-2-verdict13" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-2-verdict13" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs> as accessaries after the fact.
<rs id="t17730707-2-punish14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-2-punish14" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-2-punish14" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend88 t17730707-2-punish14"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend90 t17730707-2-punish14"/> B </rs>. and
<rs id="t17730707-2-punish15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-2-punish15" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend88 t17730707-2-punish15"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-2-defend90 t17730707-2-punish15"/> Imp. 12 M. </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-3">
<interp inst="t17730707-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-3-off16-c107" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-3-defend118 t17730707-3-off16 t17730707-3-verdict19"/>
<p>365. (M)
<persName id="t17730707-3-defend118" type="defendantName"> ELIZABETH LLEWELLIN
<interp inst="t17730707-3-defend118" type="surname" value="LLEWELLIN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-defend118" type="given" value="ELIZABETH"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-defend118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-3-off16" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-3-off16" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silk purse, value 6 d. 4 pieces of foreign gold coin called double louisdores, val. 8 l. 8 s. two single louisdores, 1 guinea and 14 pieces of foreign copper coin, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-3-victim120" type="victimName"> Andrew Decoff
<interp inst="t17730707-3-victim120" type="surname" value="Decoff"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-victim120" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-victim120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-3-off16 t17730707-3-victim120"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-3-cd17" type="crimeDate">June 27th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-3-off16 t17730707-3-cd17"/>. +</p>
<p>The prosecutor (a Russian) could not speak English, therefore an interpreter was sworn.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-3-person121"> Andrew Decoff
<interp inst="t17730707-3-person121" type="surname" value="Decoff"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-person121" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I met with the prisoner on the 27th of June, half after eleven at night in St. James's street, I took her with me into the Horseshoe and Last, there we drank two bottles of wine; I went out into the street; there familiarities passed between us; she all on a sudden run away in a great hurry, before my breeches were
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070020"/> buttoned up; I found my money gone; I lost the money mentioned in the indictment. We had connection with each other standing under the porch which is next to our house; my breeches were down and she ran away in a great hurry. I had connections with this girl first, after that with an other, and after that with this again.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the other woman, when you went out with this woman?</p>
<p>Decoff. She was gone; I was twice with her first; I gave her 2 s. and then 1 s. 6 d. more; then I changed a guinea out of my purse. I had shewed my purse to the people I was in company with; the other woman came and informed me she could give intelligence were the woman was that robbed me; I got a warrant and she was taken up; I am sure she is the woman that was with me, and ran away in the manner mentioned.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-3-person122"> David Bynham
<interp inst="t17730707-3-person122" type="surname" value="Bynham"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-person122" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-3-person122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Upon the 30th of June I had a warrant against the prisoner; there was a well dressed woman undertook to shew me the prisoner; she carried me to her lodgings in Petty France; I said I had a warrant against her; she said she had done no harm to any body; I searched her; I found nothing material upon her; I took her from the room to the public house; I searched the house again and then found 14 pieces of copper coin in a little tin box upon the mantle piece in the room; the prisoner said she had had some pieces of such money as this in the room six months before.</p>
<p>- Clarke. I was along with Bynham the second time; I found these pieces of money (producing 14 pieces of foreign copper coin); the prisoner said she had them of a foreigner a long time ago.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Some of the coin is Geneva, some French, I lost exactly 14 pieces; this piece (pointing it out) I am certain is mine.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I met the prosecutor about ten at night; I drank a bottle of wine with him at the Horseshoe and Last; his fellow servant came up and asked him to drink; I went away and staid an hour and a half; I came back and met his fellow servant again; he asked me to go and drink a bottle of wine with him then; I went with him and he was there drinking the bottle of wine with this woman; his fellow servant asked him I believe if he was going to stay there; they were both of the same livery, I did not rob him; the girl and he went up the street together.</p>
<p>Interpreter. He is a
<rs id="t17730707-3-viclabel18" type="occupation">valet-de-chambre</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-3-victim120 t17730707-3-viclabel18"/> to a Russian Prince.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-3-verdict19" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-3-verdict19" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-3-punish20" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-3-punish20" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-3-defend118 t17730707-3-punish20"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-4">
<interp inst="t17730707-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-4-off21-c111" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-4-defend124 t17730707-4-off21 t17730707-4-verdict26"/>
<p>396. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-4-defend124" type="defendantName"> JOHN GOFFEE
<interp inst="t17730707-4-defend124" type="surname" value="GOFFEE"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-defend124" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-defend124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that he
<rs id="t17730707-4-off21" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-4-off21" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-off21" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> in a certain field and open place near the king's highway, upon Mary, the wife of
<persName id="t17730707-4-person125"> Abraham Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person125" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person125" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person six halfpence and one farthing, the property of the said Abraham, from the person of the said Mary </rs>,
<rs id="t17730707-4-cd22" type="crimeDate">May 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-4-off21 t17730707-4-cd22"/>. ~</p>
<persName id="t17730707-4-victim127" type="victimName"> Mary Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-victim127" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-victim127" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-victim127" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the
<rs id="t17730707-4-viclabel23" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-4-victim127 t17730707-4-viclabel23"/> of
<persName id="t17730707-4-victim129" type="victimName"> Abraham Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-victim129" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-victim129" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-victim129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who lives at Winchmore hill, in the parish of Edmonton: my husband is a
<rs id="t17730707-4-viclabel24" type="occupation">day labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-4-victim129 t17730707-4-viclabel24"/>. On the 8th of May, about ten o'clock in the morning, I was going towards
<placeName id="t17730707-4-crimeloc25">Tanner's End</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-crimeloc25" type="placeName" value="Tanner's End"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-crimeloc25" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-4-off21 t17730707-4-crimeloc25"/>; I was in a field near the highway, in the common foot path;
<persName id="t17730707-4-person130"> Sarah East
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person130" type="surname" value="East"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person130" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17730707-4-person131"> Mary Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person131" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person131" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person131" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , my husband's sister, were with me. I met the prisoner in the field; when he came up to us; he said ladies you must stop here; upon which I asked him for what; he said he was in necessity, and money he must have, and would have by G - d; he held up a short clubbed stick to my head; I told him I had no money; upon which he replied again he must have money, or something else; which he explained to be monies worth; upon this I put my hand in my pocket and took out three-pence farthing; I held it in my hand; but before I had delivered it to him,
<persName id="t17730707-4-person132"> Sarah East
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person132" type="surname" value="East"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person132" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> turned about, and said, here is Joe coming; she and
<persName id="t17730707-4-person133"> Mary Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person133" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person133" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person133" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> had walked away on the prisoner's coming up to them, and had got off, being much terrified, about the distance of forty yards; upon that he snatched the money out of my hand and ran away with it.</p>
<p>Q. Are you certain to the person of the prisoner?</p>
<p>Chappell. Yes: it was broad day light, ten o'clock in the morning, and I saw him go past my door about half an hour before I met him in the field. I had seen him three or four times before, but I never had any conversation with him in my life.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-4-person134"> Sarah East
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person134" type="surname" value="East"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person134" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person134" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was with Mrs. Chappell on the 8th of May: a man came up to us; I do not know whether it is the prisoner; I saw him stop Chappell; I went on before; he said you must stop here ladies. I did not see him rob her; I was frightened and ran away.</p>
<p>Q. What had he in his hand?</p>
<p>East. I did not see any thing that he had in his hand. I turned about, and cried, here is Joe a coming.</p>
<p>Q. What distance was you from the prisoner?</p>
<p>East. About forty yards.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him before?</p>
<p>East. Not to my knowledge.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070023"/>
<persName id="t17730707-4-person135"> Mary Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person135" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person135" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person135" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . As I and
<persName id="t17730707-4-person136"> Mary Chappell
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person136" type="surname" value="Chappell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person136" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17730707-4-person137"> Sarah East
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person137" type="surname" value="East"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person137" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were going over the field, a man met us, and said, ladies you must stop here. I do not know the man; I never saw the man before I was with Mrs. East; when she said here is
<persName id="t17730707-4-person138"> Joe
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person138" type="given" value="Joe"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a coming, then the prisoner went away; whether he ran or walked I cannot tell; I was frightened.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I did not meet these three persons. I was at a house; I went by the house they live in; I asked there for work; she told me, John, I have none; I had a pint of small beer given me. I followed these three persons; when I came into this field I did not know what to do, for I had not a farthing nor a bit of victuals; I pulled off my hat, and said, ladies, I must beg a trifle of you if you please; I asked in a civil way; I told her I was in a great necessity; I had no stick, only a little bit of a swish.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-4-person139"> Lewis Knight
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person139" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person139" type="given" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him almost two years before this: he always bore a good character; he got his bread very honestly; he has been drove to great distress; he came of a very good family. I searched into this affair; I went to this woman's house, the prosecutrix's, and she told me no farther than this, that he met her and asked her benevolence, pulled off his hat and asked her civilly, and she gave him threepence halfpenny, and told her if he had not been very poverty struck he should not have asked her.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-4-person140"> Thomas Goffee
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person140" type="surname" value="Goffee"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person140" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am his father: he has always behaved well.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prosecutrix.
<persName id="t17730707-4-person141"> Lewis Knight
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person141" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person141" type="given" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> has given the Court an account of the conversation that passed between him and you relative to the robbery.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. It is not true: what I said to him I have said to you now.</p>
<p>Q. to Knight. What are you?</p>
<p>Knight. A shoe-maker by trade: I live at Enfield.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-4-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-4-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-4-verdict26" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of stealing the money, but not guilty of the robbery </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-4-punish27" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-4-punish27" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-4-defend124 t17730707-4-punish27"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-5">
<interp inst="t17730707-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-5-off28-c127" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-defend143 t17730707-5-off28 t17730707-5-verdict33"/>
<p>397. (2 d. M.)
<persName id="t17730707-5-defend143" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM GARDENER
<interp inst="t17730707-5-defend143" type="surname" value="GARDENER"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-defend143" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-defend143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that he
<rs id="t17730707-5-off28" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-5-off28" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-off28" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> on the king's highway, upon
<persName id="t17730707-5-person144"> Jane Ellison
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person144" type="surname" value="Ellison"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person144" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person, 2 s. in money, numbered, the property of the said Jane </rs>,
<rs id="t17730707-5-cd29" type="crimeDate">May 28th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-off28 t17730707-5-cd29"/>. ~</p>
<persName id="t17730707-5-victim146" type="victimName"> Jane Ellison
<interp inst="t17730707-5-victim146" type="surname" value="Ellison"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-victim146" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-victim146" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-off28 t17730707-5-victim146"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Tashmaker, at Edmonton. On the 28th of May, about six in the afternoon, I went to Mr. Brice's at
<placeName id="t17730707-5-crimeloc30">Tanner's End</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-crimeloc30" type="placeName" value="Tanner's End"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-crimeloc30" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-off28 t17730707-5-crimeloc30"/> for some pigeons: on my return, about half after seven o'clock, I met the prisoner in
<placeName id="t17730707-5-crimeloc31">Love-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-crimeloc31" type="placeName" value="Love-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-crimeloc31" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-off28 t17730707-5-crimeloc31"/>, he had a bundle and a nosegay; he laid them down and laid hold of my wrist, and swore very bitter words, that he would do so and so with me; I said he should not.</p>
<p>Q. You must explain what you mean by his doing so and so to you?</p>
<p>Ellison. He offered to lie with me; I said he should not; I struggled with him and got away from him, and he ran after me and took me by the throat, and stopped my breath, and offered rudeness to me again; then he said, d - n you, give me a shilling, and I gave him one; then he said d - n you, give me another, and I gave him another.</p>
<p>Q. Had he any stick or weapon in his hand?</p>
<p>Ellison. No; then he went away. I am sure he is the man; I saw him again the same day, and knew him as soon as I saw him; it frightened me very much.</p>
<p>Upon her cross examination, she said he had a dark blue or black coat on; that she thought he was a corporal, because she had seen him before in his regimentals; that after she was robbed she met the serjeant, and serjeant major, and said she had been robbed, and described the man; that the serjeant said he believed he knew him, and that the serjeant pursued and took him.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-5-person147"> James Stewart
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person147" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person147" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a serjeant in the Middlesex militia; the prisoner is a
<rs id="t17730707-5-deflabel32" type="occupation">private soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-defend143 t17730707-5-deflabel32"/> in the same regiment: the serjeant major is quartered at the prosecutrix's uncle's house; we met her, and she said she had been robbed of two shillings, and had like to have been ruined; I asked her if it was by one of our people, and what sort of a man it was; she said he was a well set man, with a scar under his eye, and a dark blue coat on; I said to the serjeant major I believed it was Gardener. I took him next morning in bed; he cried and trembled very much, and said he knew nothing of it, that he never did any thing of the kind.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing of the woman; I never saw her in my life. Stewart is in necessity and trouble, and wants to get the reward. He
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070024"/> came to me and said my captain wanted me to do some work. He left me four hours at a public house; if I had been guilty of any thing I should have known what he came for and might have made my escape, but I knew I was innocent; he came again and pretended to take me to the captain and took me to the justice's.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-5-person148"> Jane Burgess
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person148" type="surname" value="Burgess"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person148" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person148" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner a month: my husband has known him four years. The prosecutrix came to me and said she had been used very ill in Love-lane, by a fellow that wanted to lie with her; I said I hoped he did not lie with her; she said no; she said he asked her for a shilling to drink her health when he came to town; she said she pulled her glove off, and took out two shillings instead of one, and then he wanted them both; she said he was one of our corporals, and had a black coat and ruffled shirt on.</p>
<p>He called three witnesses to his character:
<persName id="t17730707-5-person149"> Elizabeth Wood
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person149" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person149" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person149" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who had known him twenty years;
<persName id="t17730707-5-person150"> Jonathan Wood
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person150" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person150" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who had known him twenty years, and
<persName id="t17730707-5-person151"> Robert Allen
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person151" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person151" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who had known him ten years, and they all gave him a very good character.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-5-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-5-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-verdict33" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of stealing the money, but not guilty of the robbery </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-5-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-5-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-5-punish34" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-5-defend143 t17730707-5-punish34"/> B </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-6">
<interp inst="t17730707-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-6-off35-c135" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend153 t17730707-6-off35 t17730707-6-verdict39"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-6-off35-c136" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend155 t17730707-6-off35 t17730707-6-verdict40"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-6-off35-c137" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend157 t17730707-6-off35 t17730707-6-verdict42"/>
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<p>398, 399, 400, 401. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-6-defend153" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM HUDSON
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend153" type="surname" value="HUDSON"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend153" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17730707-6-defend155" type="defendantName"> JOHN FOWLER
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend155" type="surname" value="FOWLER"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend155" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17730707-6-defend157" type="defendantName"> ELIAS CHERRY
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend157" type="surname" value="CHERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend157" type="given" value="ELIAS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17730707-6-defend159" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM BARRETT
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend159" type="surname" value="BARRETT"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend159" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-defend159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-6-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-6-person160"> William Evans
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person160" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person160" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17730707-6-cd36" type="crimeDate">27th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-off35 t17730707-6-cd36"/>, about the hour of one in the night, and stealing a brilliant diamond ring set in gold, value 12 l. a brilliant diamond hoop ring set in gold, value 10 l. an emerald stone hoop ring set in gold, value 15 s. a garnet stone ring set in gold, value 5 s. an enamelled gold mourning ring, value 15 s. a pair of paste stone buckles set in silver, value 3 l. a pair of stone shoe buckles set in silver, value 30 s. a pair of stone shoe buckles, value 5 s. and a mother o'pearl buckle, value 3 s. the property of
<persName id="t17730707-6-victim162" type="victimName"> George Bagwell Ireson
<interp inst="t17730707-6-victim162" type="surname" value="Bagwell Ireson"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-victim162" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-victim162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-6-viclabel37" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-victim162 t17730707-6-viclabel37"/>; in the dwelling house of the said William </rs>. *</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<persName id="t17730707-6-person163"> Ann Evans
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person163" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person163" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person163" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am the wife of
<persName id="t17730707-6-victim165" type="victimName"> William Evans
<interp inst="t17730707-6-victim165" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-victim165" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-victim165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : our house was broke open between the 27th and 28th of June. Mr. Ireson rented a parlour, a dining room, and a back chamber: they got in at the fore parlour window; there were two outside shutters to the window secured by bolts; I fastened that window at nine at night, when I went to bed. The bolt was found in the yard wrenched off.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know what Mr. Ireson lost I supoose?</p>
<p>Evans. No. Between one and two in the morning I heard a noise in the house; I lie on the second floor; I got up, and saw a man upon my landing place with a mould candle in his hand: my bed chamber door was open; I went to the window and called the watch; I saw three men; one went out first upon my crying out; then three went out, and the last man that went out fired a pistol at me.</p>
<p>Q. Can you speak with certainty as to the man you saw standing with the candle in his hand?</p>
<p>Evans. I think that is the man (pointing to Cherry.)</p>
<p>Q. How far was he from you when you saw him?</p>
<p>Evans. About ten stairs. My husband is at Jamaica: he has been gone fourteen weeks last Thursday.</p>
<p>Q. Who fired the pistol at you?</p>
<p>Evans. The same I saw upon the stairs - Cherry.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you think it was between one and two o'clock?</p>
<p>Evans. When I got up I saw it was star light; they all went out and left the door open, and the last man fired at me.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the persons of either of the other three?</p>
<p>Evans. No; as soon as I cried, watch! they immediately got out of the house.</p>
<p>Q. Mr. Ireson was not at home?</p>
<p>Evans. No.</p>
<p>Q. from Cherry. Did you swear to me before the Justice?</p>
<p>Evans. I did not.</p>
<p>Q. from Cherry. She said she had never seen me to her knowledge.</p>
<p>Evans. No; I was not asked any thing about him.</p>
<p>Q. Was you asked before the Justice whether you knew any of the men?</p>
<p>Evans. Yes; I said then I thought Hudson was the man that stood upon the stair case and fired the pistol.</p>
<p>Q. What reason have you to think now Cherry was the man?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070025"/>Evans. By their dress.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any other reason to alter your opinion?</p>
<p>Evans. No other reason; I believe I was mistaken then; I won't positively swear to Cherry.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-6-person166"> George Bagwell Ireson
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person166" type="surname" value="Bagwell Ireson"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person166" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lodged at this person's house: I took it by the quarter. I went into the country on Saturday night about four o'clock; on Monday morning this boy, who I employ as a foot boy, brought me word my house was broke open, and all the things plundered; I came back about seven in the morning; I missed the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them); these things lay in a japan box in a wardrobe in my parlour, in the front room up stairs; the lock of the japan box was broke off; every bureau and desk I had was broke open, and every thing scattered about; they left a loaded pistol in my bed chamber.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. And they left a candle on the stair case.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-6-person167"> Richard Gains
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person167" type="surname" value="Gains"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person167" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the watchman: on Monday, about twenty minutes after two -</p>
<p>Q It was not day break then?</p>
<p>Gains. Yes, it was.</p>
<p>Q. So as you could discern a man's countenance?</p>
<p>Gains. Yes; there was an alarm from the window of murder! thieves! and fire!</p>
<p>Q. to the prosecutrix. Was the parlour door locked?</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Who had the key of it?</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. It was on the outside.</p>
<p>Gains. I ran to the house; I saw three men come out, and heard a pistol fired; I at first thought it was fired out of the window at the people, but when I came up I found it was a mistake; the first man I met was Fowler.</p>
<p>Q. How far was he from the house?</p>
<p>Gains. Five doors; that was before the pistol was fired.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure Fowler was the man you met five doors from the house?</p>
<p>Gains. Yes; when I met him he struck at me with something in his hand, which I took to be a cutlass; I struck at him; he hit me on the shoulder; I had no mark on my coat or shoulder; I ran after the second, wh o came across the road and went over the bank. I drew out my pistol and snapped at him as he went across the road, but it missed fire.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-6-person168"> Elizabeth Barber
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person168" type="surname" value="Barber"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person168" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live next door to Mrs. Evans: about two o'clock I heard the cry of murder and thieves; I threw open my sash and cried fire immediately; I saw three men come out of Mrs. Evans's house.</p>
<p>Q. Was it break of day?</p>
<p>Barber. It was twilight; it was more than break of day: the first that came out was Barret.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose he went out in a hurry?</p>
<p>Barber. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you was in a flurry?</p>
<p>Barber. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure he is the man?</p>
<p>Barber. Yes, I took particular notice; he came out with his hat flapped in his hand; he turned round and looked up to see who was crying; and Cherry was the man to the best of my knowledge that fired the pistol at me; the shot entered the window two panes above my head.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure he is the man?</p>
<p>Barber. I cannot swear down right, but to the best of my opinion he is the man.</p>
<p>Q. What business do you follow?</p>
<p>Barber. My husband is a sugar baker.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Evans. I understand you the pistol was fired at you?</p>
<p>Evans. I cannot tell, we had both our heads out of the window.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Ireson. Did you examine the pistol that was left?</p>
<p>Ireson. Yes; it was loaded with two parcels of shot done up in paper; it was a rifle barrel pistol.</p>
<p>Cherry's Defence.</p>
<p>I went home about half after eleven o'clock that night; I had been walking about: I live in Bishopsgate-street. I have witnesses to call to shew I was in bed.</p>
<p>Barrett's Defence.</p>
<p>I had been drinking two or three pints of beer; I met Fowler and Cherry; they came out together, and were going to the Drake's Head; as we were going to the house, Sherwood's men pulled us; I thought they were in fun with us; they put us in the watch-house.</p>
<p>Fowler's Defence.</p>
<p>I feed horses for my livelihood at the coach stand.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070026"/>For Cherry.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-6-person169"> Margaret Patterson
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person169" type="surname" value="Patterson"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person169" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person169" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a neighbour to Cherry's father and mother: I never knew any harm of him.</p>
<p>Q. Do not you know he was convicted here, and had the king's pardon?</p>
<p>Patterson. I heard of it since I came into court.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-6-person170"> Elizabeth Burwidge
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person170" type="surname" value="Burwidge"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person170" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-person170" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. What relation are you to the prisoner?</p>
<p>Burwidge. None.</p>
<p>Q. Can you speak to any time of his coming home at any certain day?</p>
<p>Burwidge. Last Sunday night was week Cherry was out; it rained very hard; I sat up rather later than usual.</p>
<p>Q. Did he lodge at your house?</p>
<p>Burwidge. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a married woman?</p>
<p>Burwidge. Yes; I sat up till half after eleven; he did not come home quite so soon; it might be near upon twelve for what I know; he went to bed immediately.</p>
<p>Q. Who does your family consist off?</p>
<p>Burwidge. My husband is abroad.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath did not he go out again that night?</p>
<p>Burwidge. No; I locked the door when I went to bed, and put the key in my pocket under my head; I always sit up last; nobody can come in or out but as I let them.</p>
<p>Q. What business did Cherry follow?</p>
<p>Burwidge. When in service he
<rs id="t17730707-6-deflabel38" type="occupation">drives a hackney coach</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend157 t17730707-6-deflabel38"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you remember this night?</p>
<p>Burwidge. Because it rained hard; there was some wood in the corner, and he wanted to lay some upon the fire; I said it was too late.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-6-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-6-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict40" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> guilty 39 s. </rs>
<rs id="t17730707-6-punish41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-punish41" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend155 t17730707-6-punish41"/> T </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-6-verdict42" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict42" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict42" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> guilty 39 s. </rs>
<rs id="t17730707-6-punish43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-punish43" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend157 t17730707-6-punish43"/> T </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-6-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-6-verdict44" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> guilty 39 s. </rs>
<rs id="t17730707-6-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-6-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-6-defend159 t17730707-6-punish45"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-7">
<interp inst="t17730707-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-7-off46-c148" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-7-defend172 t17730707-7-off46 t17730707-7-verdict47"/>
<p>402. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-7-defend172" type="defendantName"> MARY ADSHEAD
<interp inst="t17730707-7-defend172" type="surname" value="ADSHEAD"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-defend172" type="given" value="MARY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-defend172" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-7-off46" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-7-off46" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-off46" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two brass locks, value 4 s. seventy-two brass knobs, value 7 d. 3 lb. of iron, value 3 d. and twenty-three iron keys, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-7-victim174" type="victimName"> Mary Jones
<interp inst="t17730707-7-victim174" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-victim174" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-victim174" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-7-off46 t17730707-7-victim174"/> </persName> . *</p>
<p>The prisoner acknowledged the charge, but pleaded that she was induced to commit the fact through great poverty and distress.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-7-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-7-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-verdict47" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17730707-7-punish48" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-7-punish48" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-7-punish48" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-7-defend172 t17730707-7-punish48"/> W </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-8">
<interp inst="t17730707-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-8-off49-c150" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-8-defend176 t17730707-8-off49 t17730707-8-verdict53"/>
<p>403. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-8-defend176" type="defendantName"> JAMES MECARTY
<interp inst="t17730707-8-defend176" type="surname" value="MECARTY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-defend176" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-defend176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-8-off49" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-8-off49" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-off49" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing five pair of stone sleeve buttons set in silver, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-8-victim178" type="victimName"> John Morgan
<interp inst="t17730707-8-victim178" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-victim178" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-victim178" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-8-off49 t17730707-8-victim178"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-8-cd50" type="crimeDate">May 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-8-off49 t17730707-8-cd50"/>. *</p>
<persName id="t17730707-8-person179"> John Morgan
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person179" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person179" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17730707-8-viclabel51" type="occupation">pawnbroker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-8-victim178 t17730707-8-viclabel51"/>, and live in
<placeName id="t17730707-8-crimeloc52">Manor-row, Tower-hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-crimeloc52" type="placeName" value="Manor-row, Tower-hill"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-crimeloc52" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-8-off49 t17730707-8-crimeloc52"/>. On the 31st of May I lost five pair of crystal and paste silver sleeve buttons; I had put them in the window just before;
<persName id="t17730707-8-person180"> Thomas Serjeant
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person180" type="surname" value="Serjeant"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person180" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who lives opposite me, brought the prisoner to my shop, and the buttons.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-8-person181"> Thomas Serjeant
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person181" type="surname" value="Serjeant"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person181" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a cordwainer, and live near Mr. Morgan. On the 31st of May, about half after twelve at noon, I saw the prisoner and another lad about his window for half an hour together; I suspected them, and kept my eye upon them; at last I saw them close together doing something to the window; I believe they cut the glass; the prisoner took a card of buttons out and made off; I pursued him, and I saw him drop the buttons down a cellar. (The buttons produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was going along and heard somebody call stop thief! I stopt to see what it was, and this young man laid hold of me; I did not steal the buttons. I never was near the window.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-8-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-8-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-8-verdict53" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17730707-8-punish54" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-8-punish54" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-8-defend176 t17730707-8-punish54"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-9">
<interp inst="t17730707-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-9-off55-c155" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-9-defend183 t17730707-9-off55 t17730707-9-verdict57"/>
<p>404. (1st M.)
<persName id="t17730707-9-defend183" type="defendantName"> ROBERT BROWN
<interp inst="t17730707-9-defend183" type="surname" value="BROWN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-defend183" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-defend183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-9-off55" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-9-off55" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-off55" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three linen shirts, value 9 s. three muslin neckcloths, value 6 s. and two pair of thread stockings, value 4 s. the property of
<persName id="t17730707-9-victim185" type="victimName"> Edward Pinches
<interp inst="t17730707-9-victim185" type="surname" value="Pinches"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-victim185" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-victim185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; two muslin neckcloths, value 3 s. two linen shirts, value 4 s. and one silk and cotton handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of
<persName id="t17730707-9-victim187" type="victimName"> Andrew Parminster
<interp inst="t17730707-9-victim187" type="surname" value="Parminster"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-victim187" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-9-victim187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17730707-9-cd56" type="crimeDate">June 30th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-9-off55 t17730707-9-cd56"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-9-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-9-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-10">
<interp inst="t17730707-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-10-off58-c158" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-10-defend189 t17730707-10-off58 t17730707-10-verdict62"/>
<p>405. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-10-defend189" type="defendantName"> JAMES SAGE
<interp inst="t17730707-10-defend189" type="surname" value="SAGE"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-defend189" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-defend189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-10-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-10-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a linen shirt, value 1 s. and two linen shifts, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-10-victim191" type="victimName"> Abraham Robbins
<interp inst="t17730707-10-victim191" type="surname" value="Robbins"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-victim191" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-victim191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-10-off58 t17730707-10-victim191"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-10-cd59" type="crimeDate">May 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-10-off58 t17730707-10-cd59"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17730707-10-person192"> Abraham Robbins
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person192" type="surname" value="Robbins"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person192" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17730707-10-viclabel60" type="occupation">farmer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-10-victim191 t17730707-10-viclabel60"/> at
<placeName id="t17730707-10-crimeloc61">Kingsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Kingsbury"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-10-off58 t17730707-10-crimeloc61"/>: my house has been twice broke open; the last time was on Whit-Monday; I was alarmed in the night; I missed a shirt off the clothes; the door was broke open, and there was all the appearance of somebody having broke into the house.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070027"/>
<persName id="t17730707-10-person193"> Edward Williams
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person193" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person193" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I am son-in-law to Mr. Robbins: my mother waked me; I jumped up, opened the window, and saw the prisoner run from the house; I put my shoes, stockings, and breeches on: I went out and saw a man behind an elm tree; I went after him; I traced him as far as Davis's; there I got intelligence of him, and then took him at the Black Lion, at Kingsbury; there were three more, which three were in the house; whether those two were in the house or no I cannot tell; the house is a lone house 30 yards out of the lane, and a considerable way out of the high road; there is no other house near it. When I took him, his white stockings were all wet and dirty, seemingly as if he had been going through wet grass. I am sure the man I took at Kilburn is the same man I saw at the door; I know him by the clothes, and one shoulder was higher than the other.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-10-person194"> John Sket
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person194" type="surname" value="Sket"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person194" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw him go through the farm yard; I said old acquaintance where are you going? he said down to Kew Green. The people came after him; I described him to them, and it appeared he was the same man they were in pursuit of.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-10-person195"> Robert Smith
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person195" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person195" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-10-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lie in the room over the room where the people got in; I was waked by a cluttering at the window; I saw three men in the house, neither of whom were the prisoner. I heard them unlock the door, and heard them afterwards go out; I saw these three men turn round the corner by the yard, and immediately afterwards the prisoner went away from the wall of the house and went straight forward.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was going to Kilburn to see after a place; I heard it was disposed off, and so was returning back again.</p>
<p>The prisoner called three people who lived in White-cross-street, who said he lived in their neighbourhood, and gave him a good character.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-10-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-10-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-10-punish63" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-10-punish63" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-10-defend189 t17730707-10-punish63"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-11">
<interp inst="t17730707-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-11-off64-c164" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-11-defend197 t17730707-11-off64 t17730707-11-verdict68"/>
<p>406. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-11-defend197" type="defendantName"> ANDREW THORN
<interp inst="t17730707-11-defend197" type="surname" value="THORN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-defend197" type="given" value="ANDREW"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-defend197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-11-off64" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-11-off64" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-off64" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 50 lb. of bacon, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-11-victim199" type="victimName"> Anthony Langford
<interp inst="t17730707-11-victim199" type="surname" value="Langford"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-victim199" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-victim199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-11-off64 t17730707-11-victim199"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-11-cd65" type="crimeDate">June 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-11-off64 t17730707-11-cd65"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17730707-11-person200"> Anthony Langford
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person200" type="surname" value="Langford"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person200" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost two sides of bacon and a sack. I met the prisoner between three and four o'clock at Shepherd's Bush; he got out of my waggon between
<placeName id="t17730707-11-crimeloc66">Colnbrook</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-crimeloc66" type="placeName" value="Colnbrook"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-crimeloc66" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-11-off64 t17730707-11-crimeloc66"/> and
<placeName id="t17730707-11-crimeloc67">Newgate-market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-crimeloc67" type="placeName" value="Newgate-market"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-crimeloc67" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-11-off64 t17730707-11-crimeloc67"/>; I missed it there; he seemed to be sweating; then he said he had been carrying a heavy bundle; he shewed us where he had left the bundle; it turned out to be a sack with two stitches of bacon, and then I secured him.</p>
<p>The waggoner deposed that the prisoner rode in his waggon to Hammersmith; that there he got out and had nothing with him then; that he supposed he threw it out of the tale of the waggon; and so when he got out he carried it off; he rode in the waggon and sat on the sack.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-11-person201"> Richard Hedges
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person201" type="surname" value="Hedges"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person201" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I am a peace officer; I was sent for to the Plough; I found the prisoner with a sack and the bacon. (The bacon and the sack produced).</p>
<p>Prosecutor. That is the sack; there is the name of
<persName id="t17730707-11-person202"> Edward Bartholomew
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person202" type="surname" value="Bartholomew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person202" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-11-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> upon it; I borrowed the sack to bring the bacon in; I can swear to that.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I got into the waggon at Colnbrook; then I got out to ease nature; I wanted the waggoner to stop; he would not stop. I was following him in order to overtake it; in my way I found this sack with two stitches of bacon.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-11-verdict68" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-11-verdict68" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-11-punish69" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-11-punish69" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-11-defend197 t17730707-11-punish69"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-12">
<interp inst="t17730707-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-12-off70-c169" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-12-defend204 t17730707-12-off70 t17730707-12-verdict72"/>
<p>407. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-12-defend204" type="defendantName"> CHARLES COOKE
<interp inst="t17730707-12-defend204" type="surname" value="COOKE"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12-defend204" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12-defend204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-12-off70" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-12-off70" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12-off70" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 1 d. and thirteen pence halfpenny </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-12-victim206" type="victimName"> John Trusler
<interp inst="t17730707-12-victim206" type="surname" value="Trusler"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12-victim206" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12-victim206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-12-off70 t17730707-12-victim206"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-12-cd71" type="crimeDate">June 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-12-off70 t17730707-12-cd71"/>.</p>
<p>The prosecutor was called, but did not appear; his recognizance was ordered to be estreated.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-12-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-12-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-12-verdict72" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-13">
<interp inst="t17730707-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-13-off73-c171" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-defend208 t17730707-13-off73 t17730707-13-verdict77"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-13-off73-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-defend210 t17730707-13-off73 t17730707-13-verdict77"/>
<p>408, 409. (L.)
<persName id="t17730707-13-defend208" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH RICHARDS, alias
<rs id="t17730707-13-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-defend208 t17730707-13-alias-1"/>MONK</rs>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-defend208" type="surname" value="RICHARDS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-defend208" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-defend208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17730707-13-defend210" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM CHERRY
<interp inst="t17730707-13-defend210" type="surname" value="CHERRY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-defend210" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-defend210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-13-off73" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-13-off73" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-off73" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-13-person211"> Mary Brice
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person211" type="surname" value="Brice"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person211" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person211" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow, on the 12th of June, about the hour of two in the night, and stealing two wooden casks, value 2 s. one gallon of anniseed, value 5 s. and a gallon of rum, value 10 s. the property of
<persName id="t17730707-13-person212"> Mary Brice
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person212" type="surname" value="Brice"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person212" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person212" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , in her dwelling house </rs>. +</p>
<persName id="t17730707-13-victim214" type="victimName"> Mary Brice
<interp inst="t17730707-13-victim214" type="surname" value="Brice"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-victim214" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-victim214" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-off73 t17730707-13-victim214"/> </persName> , the prosecutrix, deposed, that she
<rs id="t17730707-13-viclabel74" type="occupation">keeps the
<placeName id="t17730707-13-crimeloc75">Green Dragon, a public house in Half Moon Alley, Bishopsgate-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-crimeloc75" type="placeName" value="Green Dragon, a public house in Half Moon Alley, Bishopsgate-street"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-crimeloc75" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-off73 t17730707-13-crimeloc75"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-victim214 t17730707-13-viclabel74"/>; that she was called up a little after two in the morning of the
<rs id="t17730707-13-cd76" type="crimeDate">12th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-off73 t17730707-13-cd76"/>; that she saw her cellar window and her bar open,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070028"/> and found two kegs upon the tiles in her skittle ground, which had been taken out of the cellar, and that she believed the cellar door was made fast over night, and that there was the mark of a crow that had forced it open, and that the bolt was wrenched off.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-13-person215"> Ann Trusler
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person215" type="surname" value="Trusler"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person215" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person215" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who lives opposite the prosecutrix, deposed, that she saw two people loitering about the prosecutrix's door; that soon after she saw one of them strike a light in the skittle ground, and a little after that she saw one of them bringing some liquor over the tiles; upon which she alarmed the watch; that Cherry, who was on the outside, hid himself behind a coach; that the watchman went and took him, and asked the witness if she would give charge of him; that she told him the man that had broke the window was then in the prosecutrix's yard; that then the watchman let go Cherry, and went after the other, and found him bid under some straw in a gentleman's coach house.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-13-person216"> John Phillips
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person216" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person216" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed, that he saw Richards break a board in the prosecutrix's yard, by which means he got into Mr. Chester's coach house, where he was taken.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-13-person217"> Philip Moss
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person217" type="surname" value="Moss"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person217" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the watchman, deposed, that upon the alarm being given by
<persName id="t17730707-13-person218"> Ann Trusler
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person218" type="surname" value="Trusler"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person218" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person218" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , he laid hold of Cherry, who was then standing behind a coach; that Trusler told him the thief was in the yard, upon which he let go Cherry, and went in search of the other prisoner, whom he found bid under several trusses of straw in Mr. Chester's coach house, and that he took Cherry on the Tuesday following, and that he is positive Cherry is the person he saw behind the coach. (The kegs were produced and deposed to by the prosecutrix).</p>
<persName id="t17730707-13-person219"> Peter Brinks
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person219" type="surname" value="Brinks"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person219" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed, that he found a crow and a tinder box down the necessary in the prosecutrix's yard.</p>
<p>Richards, alias Monk, said, in his defence, that he went into the coach house to sleep, and knew nothing of the breaking of the house, and never saw Cherry in his life before.</p>
<p>Cherry, in his defence, said, that he was going into the hay loft to sleep; that when the woman cried thieves, he stood still till the watchman came, who discharged him.</p>
<p>Cherry called five people, who gave him a good character, except one, who said he had been tried for a rape, of which she believed that he was not guilty.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-13-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-13-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-13-verdict77" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> guilty of stealing the goods, but not guilty of breaking and entering the dwelling house </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-13-punish78" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-13-punish78" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-defend208 t17730707-13-punish78"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-13-defend210 t17730707-13-punish78"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-14">
<interp inst="t17730707-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-14-off79-c181" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-14-defend221 t17730707-14-off79 t17730707-14-verdict81"/>
<p>410. (2 d M.)
<persName id="t17730707-14-defend221" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM COX
<interp inst="t17730707-14-defend221" type="surname" value="COX"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-defend221" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-defend221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-14-off79" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-14-off79" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-off79" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing five linen shirts, value 15 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17730707-14-victim223" type="victimName"> Thomas Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-14-victim223" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-victim223" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-victim223" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-14-off79 t17730707-14-victim223"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-14-cd80" type="crimeDate">April 17th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-14-off79 t17730707-14-cd80"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17730707-14-person224"> Thomas Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person224" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person224" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 17th of April I lost some linen shirts out of a box in a two pair of stairs room where I lodged; I had seen them about ten days before; the maid told me the box was broke open; I missed the things and went to Sir
<persName id="t17730707-14-person225"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person225" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person225" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, and got a warrant on suspicion against the prisoner; the prisoner went from his lodgings that night, and did not come home again till three days after; he wrote a letter to his mother informing her where I might find the shirts; I received one shirt from the brother, and found another at Mr. Pershall's, a pawnbroker in Stanhope-street.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-14-person226"> Andrew Pershall
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person226" type="surname" value="Pershall"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person226" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker; the prisoner pawned a shirt with me; (the shirt produced by Hitchen).</p>
<p>Hitchen. I went to Mr. Pershall's, and he delivered the shirt to me; I have kept it ever since. (The shirt deposed to by Fielding.) He confessed before Justice Kelynge, at Sir
<persName id="t17730707-14-person227"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person227" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person227" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, that he stole five shirts, and said he did it for want.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-14-person228"> Henry Dixon
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person228" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person228" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-14-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker: on the 17th of April I took in a shirt of the prisoner; I delivered it up to the prosecutor; (it is produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The box was open when I went into the room; I lodged in the house; it is a public house; I was in want and took them to buy me some victuals.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-14-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-14-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-14-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-14-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-14-defend221 t17730707-14-punish82"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-15">
<interp inst="t17730707-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-15-off83-c188" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-defend230 t17730707-15-off83 t17730707-15-verdict86"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-15-off83-c189" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-defend232 t17730707-15-off83 t17730707-15-verdict86"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-15-off83-c190" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-defend234 t17730707-15-off83 t17730707-15-verdict86"/>
<p>411, 412, 413. (2 d M.)
<persName id="t17730707-15-defend230" type="defendantName"> LYON LYONS, otherwise
<rs id="t17730707-15-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-defend230 t17730707-15-alias-2"/>LIFE LYONS</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t17730707-15-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-defend230 t17730707-15-alias-3"/>LEVI LYON</rs>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend230" type="surname" value="LYONS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend230" type="given" value="LYON"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17730707-15-defend232" type="defendantName"> JOHN COLBY
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend232" type="surname" value="COLBY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend232" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17730707-15-defend234" type="defendantName"> EMANUEL PEAL
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend234" type="surname" value="PEAL"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend234" type="given" value="EMANUEL"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-defend234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , (together with
<persName id="t17730707-15-person235"> FRANCIS TALBOT
<interp inst="t17730707-15-person235" type="surname" value="TALBOT"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-person235" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , not in custody) were indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-15-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-15-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-15-victim237" type="victimName"> William Ewer
<interp inst="t17730707-15-victim237" type="surname" value="Ewer"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-victim237" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-15-victim237" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-off83 t17730707-15-victim237"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17730707-15-viclabel84" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-victim237 t17730707-15-viclabel84"/>; on the
<rs id="t17730707-15-cd85" type="crimeDate">1st of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-15-off83 t17730707-15-cd85"/>, about the hour of one in the night, and stealing four pair of silver candlesticks, value 33 l. one pair of steel snuffers with silver handles, value 5 s. one silver snuffer dish, value 10 s. four pair of silver salts, value 3 l. 13 s. four silver salt spoons, value 5 s. two silver sugar baskets, value 30 s. one silver strainer, value 8 s. four large silver waiters, value 25 l. six
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070029"/> small silver waiters, value 10 l. one silver bread basket, value 10 l. one silver cruet stand, value 7 l. one silver coffee pot, value 6 l. one large silver cup and cover, value 9 l. one silver sauce boat, value 3 l. 16 s. one silver saucepan, value 40 s. one silver cross stand for a dish, value 4 l. two silver ragout spoons, value 40 s. one silver sauce ladle, value 32 s. four silver sauce spoons, value 48 s. seven silver table spoons, value 56 s. eleven silver three pronged forks, value 4 l. one silver desert spoon, value 4 s. one silver tea spoon, value 18 d. one gold watch, value 5 l. forty gold mourning rings, value 20 l. and one silver hilted sword, value 40 s. the property of the said William, in his dwelling house </rs>. ++</p>
<p>All three
<rs id="t17730707-15-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-15-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-16">
<interp inst="t17730707-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-16-off87-c193" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend239 t17730707-16-off87 t17730707-16-verdict92"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-16-off87-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend241 t17730707-16-off87 t17730707-16-verdict94"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-16-off90-c193" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend239 t17730707-16-off90 t17730707-16-verdict92"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-16-off90-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend241 t17730707-16-off90 t17730707-16-verdict94"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-16-off95-c193" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend239 t17730707-16-off95 t17730707-16-verdict92"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-16-off95-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend241 t17730707-16-off95 t17730707-16-verdict94"/>
<p>414, 415. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-16-defend239" type="defendantName"> JOHN VICKERS
<interp inst="t17730707-16-defend239" type="surname" value="VICKERS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-defend239" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-defend239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17730707-16-defend241" type="defendantName"> JAMES READ
<interp inst="t17730707-16-defend241" type="surname" value="READ"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-defend241" type="given" value="JAMES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-defend241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-16-off87" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-off87" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-off87" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-16-victim243" type="victimName"> Henry Pratt
<interp inst="t17730707-16-victim243" type="surname" value="Pratt"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-victim243" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-victim243" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off87 t17730707-16-victim243"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off90 t17730707-16-victim243"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off95 t17730707-16-victim243"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17730707-16-cd88" type="crimeDate">12th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off87 t17730707-16-cd88"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off90 t17730707-16-cd88"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off95 t17730707-16-cd88"/>, about the hour of two in the morning, and stealing 720 copper halfpence, the property of the said Henry, in his dwelling house </rs>. *</p>
<rs id="t17730707-16-verdict89" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-verdict89" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>They were a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-16-off90" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-off90" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-off90" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-16-person244"> Henry Pratt
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person244" type="surname" value="Pratt"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person244" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17730707-16-cd91" type="crimeDate">6th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off87 t17730707-16-cd91"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off90 t17730707-16-cd91"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off95 t17730707-16-cd91"/>, about the hour of twelve in the night, and stealing 120 copper halfpence, the property of the said Henry, in his dwelling house </rs>. *</p>
<persName id="t17730707-16-person245"> Henry Pratt
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person245" type="surname" value="Pratt"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person245" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Before my wife came down, at six o'clock in the morning, the door of the area hole in my cellar was lifted off the hinge; the cellar joins to the tap house; by that means they got into the house; I found the bolt of the sash put back, and the till broke open, as I apprehend by the lock being pushed down by a pen knife.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-16-person246"> Mary Pratt
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person246" type="surname" value="Pratt"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person246" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person246" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went to bed last, about twelve at night; I am sure I bolted the sash that night; as to the tap room door, that goes into the cellar; it is always left open; I am not sure the door of the area hole was bolted; that night I left five shillings in the till, and locked the door in the bar; in the morning the halfpence were lost.</p>
<p>- Porter. Vickers said before Justice Wilmot they got in twice by the cellar window; the two first times he said they took a quantity of halfpence, about 30 s. Read said he had been with him twice; he had about 8 s. in halfpence; he was very ill.</p>
<p>The prisoners, in their defence, denied the charge, but called no witnesses.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-16-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-verdict92" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> not guilty of breaking and entering the house, but guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-16-punish93" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-defend239 t17730707-16-punish93"/> T </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-16-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>(M.) They were a third time indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-16-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-16-person247"> Henry Pratt
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person247" type="surname" value="Pratt"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person247" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-16-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17730707-16-cd96" type="crimeDate">20th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off87 t17730707-16-cd96"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off90 t17730707-16-cd96"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-16-off95 t17730707-16-cd96"/>, about the hour of twelve in the night, and stealing twelve copper halfpence, the property of the said Henry, in his dwelling house </rs>. *</p>
<rs id="t17730707-16-verdict97" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-16-verdict97" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-17">
<interp inst="t17730707-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-17-off100-c200" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend249 t17730707-17-off100 t17730707-17-verdict103"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-17-off100-c201" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend251 t17730707-17-off100 t17730707-17-verdict103"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-17-off101-c202" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend253 t17730707-17-off101 t17730707-17-verdict105"/>
<p>416, 417, 418. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-17-defend249" type="defendantName"> JOHN LOCK
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend249" type="surname" value="LOCK"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend249" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17730707-17-defend251" type="defendantName"> STEPHEN MARCHANT
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend251" type="surname" value="MARCHANT"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend251" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the
<rs id="t17730707-17-deflabel98" type="occupation">Younger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend251 t17730707-17-deflabel98"/>, and
<persName id="t17730707-17-defend253" type="defendantName"> STEPHEN MARCHANT
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend253" type="surname" value="MARCHANT"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend253" type="given" value="STEPHEN"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-defend253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the
<rs id="t17730707-17-deflabel99" type="occupation">Elder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend253 t17730707-17-deflabel99"/>, were indicted; the two first for
<rs id="t17730707-17-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-17-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-17-person254"> Hannah Fleet
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person254" type="surname" value="Fleet"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person254" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , on the 27th of May, about the hour of two in the night, and stealing a man's hat, value 3 s. one peruke, value 2 s. a black cloth coat, value 10 s. a black cloth waistcoat, value 3 s. one paper machee snuff box, value 1 s. one iron tobacco box, value 1 s. a steel spectacle case, value 6 d. one penknife, value 6 d. a silver cork screw, value 6 d. a silk handkerchief, value 6 d. a linen handkerchief, value 6 d. one pair of leather gloves, value 2 d. one pair of silver shoe buckles, value 10 s. and one silver half pint mug, value 10 s. the property of Christopher Richardson, in the dwelling house of the said Hannah </rs>; and
<persName id="t17730707-17-person255"> Stephen Marchant
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person255" type="surname" value="Marchant"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person255" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the Elder, for
<rs id="t17730707-17-off101" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-17-off101" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-off101" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving one man's hat, one black cloth coat, one black velvet waistcoat, one paper machee snuff box, one iron tobacco box, one silver cork screw, and one silk handkerchief, parcel of the same goods, knowing them to have been stolen </rs>. *</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-victim257" type="victimName"> Christopher Richardson
<interp inst="t17730707-17-victim257" type="surname" value="Richardson"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-victim257" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-victim257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a lodger at my sister's house, Mrs.
<persName id="t17730707-17-victim259" type="victimName"> Hannah Fleet
<interp inst="t17730707-17-victim259" type="surname" value="Fleet"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-victim259" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-victim259" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I have an upper floor. On the
<rs id="t17730707-17-cd102" type="crimeDate">27th of May</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-off100 t17730707-17-cd102"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-off101 t17730707-17-cd102"/>, a sash window of the room where I lay was put up, where the thieves got in as I suppose; the house joins to a garden; part of the pales of the garden were broke down; I imagine they got into the room by helping one another up to the window; it is about seven foot from the ground. I lost the things mentioned in the indictment out of my room; they are all my own except one silver half pint mug, which was brought up to my
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070030"/> room with water in it over nights; I went to bed between nine and ten; I found the sash open when I got up, about seven in the morning; there are three sashes in the room but no fastening to them.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-person260"> Hannah Fleet
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person260" type="surname" value="Fleet"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person260" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I lost a silver half pint mug that had been carried into Mr. Richardson's room.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-person261"> Elizabeth Bowyer
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person261" type="surname" value="Bowyer"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person261" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person261" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Richardson: I put him to bed that night at about nine o'clock; I was called into his room about six o'clock in the morning, when he found it robbed.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-person262"> Henry Cogshell
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person262" type="surname" value="Cogshell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person262" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a gardener. About seven in the morning I saw Lock there, who is about 14 or 15 years years old; he had a pair of buckles and a black cravat to sell; he asked 9 s. for the silver buckles; I suspected he had stole them; I stopped the buckles; I went for a companion of mine, and the boy ran away. (The buckles were produced and deposed to by the prosecutor, who said he bought them the morning before and gave 16 s. for them).</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-person263"> Thomas Gentleman
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person263" type="surname" value="Gentleman"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person263" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a butcher: I saw these lads at Chelsea, first of all on the 28th of May, playing at skittles, then at another public house next morning at skittles, then again on the 29th; I described them to Mr. Wright, and desired to know whether any robbery had been committed near Chelsea; he said there had; then I suspected they might be the persons that had committed the robbery, and as I was going over Chelsea fields, on the morning of the 29th, I saw old Marchant looking at some clothes; I took it to be a shirt; I made enquiry after these boys of some woman; I asked whether she had seen a boy with one arm; ( Marchant, jun. has but one arm); some woman walking on, cried, here is the boy with one arm, and at that time old Marchant was with them; upon their crying out, the old man, with the young ones, tied up the bundle, and the lad with one arm carried it with him; the old man went with the two boys, but Lock jumped over the bank; they hurried on; I walked slowly after them; the lad gave his father the bundle; I followed the old man into his ward; he is a Chelsea pensioner; I said, you have some things come unlawfully by; he said, go you scoundrel, don't breed a riot here, they are my own, I shall do with them as I like; I said they are not your own; he said he had bought them, and would sell them; he put the bundle in the ward and took some victuals out for the lads; I went in search of them, and found them playing again; then Wright came up and took the lads in a public house; Wright searched the boys, and found the spectacle case upon Marchant the Younger; he said it belonged to his father; we took these lads then, and went to the College to see after the father; we asked the captain of the College for leave to search the rooms; he said we might search all the wards; then we searched old Marchant's room, and in his box found a bundle with the several things produced in court, all sworn to by Richardson; I think it is the same bundle I saw old Marchant with because wrapped up in such a handkerchief.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-person264"> Henry Wright
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person264" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person264" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Saturday morning I took up Marchant, jun. and Lock; they were playing at skittles; I searched Marchant, and found in his pocket a steel spectacle case; I went to search the father's ward, and found the handkerchief with the several clothes in it that have been produced, and the serjeant brought up old Marchant himself while we were searching his ward, and then I found a cork screw, a paper machee box, and the tobacco box; old Marchant said they were his, that he had bought them and would keep them.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-17-person265"> Elizabeth Day
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person265" type="surname" value="Day"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person265" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-person265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am nurse to the ward; it was Merchant's ward that was searched; after the search was over I found a bundle of old keys.</p>
<p>Marchant, jun. Defence.</p>
<p>Lock picked up that bundle in the fields and gave it me; I gave it my father to keep.</p>
<p>Marchant, sen. Defence.</p>
<p>I was a bed the night the robbery was committed.</p>
<p>Lock and Marchant, jun.
<rs id="t17730707-17-verdict103" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-17-verdict103" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-17-verdict103" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> not guilty of the burglary, but guilty of stealing the goods </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-17-punish104" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-17-punish104" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend249 t17730707-17-punish104"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend251 t17730707-17-punish104"/> T </rs>.</p>
<p>Marchant, sen.
<rs id="t17730707-17-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-17-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-17-punish106" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-17-punish106" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-17-defend253 t17730707-17-punish106"/> T. 14 Y </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-18">
<interp inst="t17730707-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-18-off107-c213" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-18-defend267 t17730707-18-off107 t17730707-18-verdict110"/>
<p>419. (M.)
<persName id="t17730707-18-defend267" type="defendantName"> WILLIAM GROVES
<interp inst="t17730707-18-defend267" type="surname" value="GROVES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-defend267" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-defend267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-18-off107" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-18-off107" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-off107" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing two pair of men's leather shoes, value 8 s. the property of
<persName id="t17730707-18-victim269" type="victimName"> Michael Waring
<interp inst="t17730707-18-victim269" type="surname" value="Waring"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-victim269" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-victim269" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-18-off107 t17730707-18-victim269"/> </persName> , privately in his shop </rs>,
<rs id="t17730707-18-cd108" type="crimeDate">June 26th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-18-off107 t17730707-18-cd108"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17730707-18-person270"> Thomas Lyoe
<interp inst="t17730707-18-person270" type="surname" value="Lyoe"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-person270" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Waring, a
<rs id="t17730707-18-viclabel109" type="occupation">shoe-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-18-victim269 t17730707-18-viclabel109"/>. On the 26th or 27th of June, about eleven o'clock at night, I was backwards in a room behind the shop; somebody came to the door, and said, shoe maker, some of your shoes are gone; I ran out and saw the shoes on the ground, about ten or a dozen yards from the door; I picked them up; they have been in the constable's custody ever since; I had seen
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070031"/> them on the shelf about a quarter of an hour before. (The shoes are produced).</p>
<p>Lyne. I know them to be my master's property; they have a stamp on the sole.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-18-person271"> John Falgan
<interp inst="t17730707-18-person271" type="surname" value="Falgan"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-person271" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live facing Mr. Waring's shop; I stood at my door and saw the prisoner and two more stand at his door; Lyne was at the cutting board; he went backward, and then I saw the prisoner enter the door; I moved about five or six feet farther, and had a full view into the entry; I saw the prisoner turn about and take two pair of shoes off a shelf; I laid hold of him by the collar, and said give me the shoes; he said he had none; upon a gentleman's coming up I saw him throw the shoes away; Lyne came and picked up one pair, and one Mr. Jackson picked up the other pair and gave to Lyne.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was going home from work and was laid hold of; they said there were three men had stole some shoes; I know nothing of it.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-18-verdict110" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-18-verdict110" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-18-verdict110" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty 4 s. 6 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17730707-18-punish111" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-18-punish111" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-18-defend267 t17730707-18-punish111"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-19">
<interp inst="t17730707-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-19-off112-c217" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-19-defend273 t17730707-19-off112 t17730707-19-verdict114"/>
<p>420. (L.)
<persName id="t17730707-19-defend273" type="defendantName"> FRANCIS GRANGER
<interp inst="t17730707-19-defend273" type="surname" value="GRANGER"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-defend273" type="given" value="FRANCIS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-defend273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-19-off112" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-19-off112" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-off112" type="offenceSubcategory" value="returnFromTransportation"/> being found at large before the expiration of the time for which he received sentence to be transported </rs>. ~</p>
<persName id="t17730707-19-person274"> Samuel Freeman
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person274" type="surname" value="Freeman"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person274" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am clerk to the clerk of the peace for Middlesex: this (producing it) is a certificate of the prisoner's conviction; I saw him tried, heard his judgment, and saw the certificate signed. I know the prisoner; he is the same man that was ordered to be transported.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-19-person275"> Thomas Lee
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person275" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person275" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Akerman: I attended at Hicks's Hall to bring home the transports; as soon as he had received sentence I locked him up in the bail dock, and he pulled up the iron spikes and crept out</p>
<persName id="t17730707-19-person276"> Isaac Lyons
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person276" type="surname" value="Lyons"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person276" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw him receive sentence; I saw him locked up, and found him at large on the 17th of June.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I did not break the place; it was broke ready to my hand; I thought I had as much right to get out as others.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-19-punish113" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-19-punish113" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-19-defend273 t17730707-19-punish113"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-19-verdict114" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-19-verdict114" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-19-verdict114" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Recommended by the Court and Jury </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17730707-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-20-off115-c221" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-defend278 t17730707-20-off115 t17730707-20-verdict119"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-20-off115-c222" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-defend280 t17730707-20-off115 t17730707-20-verdict119"/>
<p>421, 422. (2d M.)
<persName id="t17730707-20-defend278" type="defendantName"> JOSEPH HOLMES
<interp inst="t17730707-20-defend278" type="surname" value="HOLMES"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-defend278" type="given" value="JOSEPH"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-defend278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17730707-20-defend280" type="defendantName"> MAURICE MURRAY
<interp inst="t17730707-20-defend280" type="surname" value="MURRAY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-defend280" type="given" value="MAURICE"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-defend280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17730707-20-off115" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-20-off115" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-off115" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17730707-20-person281"> John Whiley
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person281" type="surname" value="Whiley"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person281" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the 7th of June, about the hour of one in the night, and stealing two cloth coats, value 3 s. a linen cloth, value 6 d. a wooden five gallon cask, value 6 d. a brass cock, value 6 d. and four gallons of anniseed, value 12 s. the property of the said John in his dwelling house </rs>. ++</p>
<p>(The witnesses were examined apart at the request of the prisoners.)</p>
<persName id="t17730707-20-victim283" type="victimName"> John Whiley
<interp inst="t17730707-20-victim283" type="surname" value="Whiley"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-victim283" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-victim283" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-off115 t17730707-20-victim283"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17730707-20-viclabel116" type="occupation">keep a public house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-victim283 t17730707-20-viclabel116"/> in
<placeName id="t17730707-20-crimeloc117">White-cross-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-crimeloc117" type="placeName" value="White-cross-street"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-crimeloc117" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-off115 t17730707-20-crimeloc117"/>: my house was broke open on the
<rs id="t17730707-20-cd118" type="crimeDate">7th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-off115 t17730707-20-cd118"/>; I went to bed about eleven at night; every thing was safe then; I fastened the windows myself; one of my men called me up about five in the morning, and told me my house was broke open; when I came down stairs the window bar of the tap room was wrenched off, the staple wrenched out, and the bar had fell upon the ground, the shutters were open and a pane of glass was taken out, to turn the cock spur to open the casement. I missed the things mentioned in the indictment (repeating them). The anniseed stood upon the ledge of the window that was broke open; the coats were upon the kitchen door; I am certain they were there when I went to bed; the brass cock was in the keg; the table cloth was upon a stand in the bar.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-20-person284"> James Blundell
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person284" type="surname" value="Blundell"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person284" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman: a little after two o'clock in the morning on the 8th of June, I stopped the prisoners in Featherstone-street, which is rather less than a quarter of a mile from Mr. Whiley's; the half anchor I found upon Holmes; the table cloth upon
<persName id="t17730707-20-person285"> Maurice Murray
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person285" type="surname" value="Murray"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person285" type="given" value="Maurice"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and each of them had a coat on. I delivered them to Mr. Massey.</p>
<p>Q. from the prisoners. Whether we found any tools upon either of us fit to break upon any house?</p>
<p>Blundell. I searched Murray: in the mean while Holmes sat down upon a that; wheather they left any tools there I cannot say: here were some seen afterwards in the watch-house; a pair of pliers were put in the chimney corner after we took them to prison.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-20-person286"> William Massey
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person286" type="surname" value="Massey"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person286" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-20-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable: I was called up between two and three o'clock. I live close to the watch-house; I took them in charge; one had a brown coat on, the other a black one; they desired to be taken to New Prison; I asked them the reason why; they said they had rather go there; I took them there; when we came there, one of the turnkeys said, have
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070032"/> you searched them; he searched them but nothing was found upon them; Murray had the great coat on and Holmes the black coat; I ordered them to come up to the Justice's; when we came there a turnkey brought the great coat upon his arm; I said to Holmes you had a black coat on; the turnkey went to fetch it; he said he had left it in gaol. Here are the great coats (producing them).</p>
<p>Q. Have you kept them ever since?</p>
<p>Massey. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was the anniseed delivered to you?</p>
<p>Massey. Yes, by two watchmen; and the table cloth has been in my custody ever since. (They were all produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Murray's Defence.</p>
<p>I was going down to Deptford to work; I saw these things lying on the ground; Holmes smelt at the cask, and said it was good liquor, and it was a pity to leave it behind; I said we had better take it with us to serve our shipmates; we were going to work at some ship. The watchman stopped us as we were going through Featherstone-street.</p>
<p>Holmes's Defence.</p>
<p>We were going down to Deptford to see for a job; we had been out of work a good while.</p>
<p>Holmes called three and Murray four witnesses, who gave them good characters.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-20-verdict119" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-20-verdict119" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-20-punish120" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-20-punish120" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-defend278 t17730707-20-punish120"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-20-defend280 t17730707-20-punish120"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17730707-21">
<interp inst="t17730707-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21" type="year" value="1773"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17730707"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21" type="date" value="17730707"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17730707-21-off121-c228" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-defend288 t17730707-21-off121 t17730707-21-verdict126"/>
<p>423. (2d M.)
<persName id="t17730707-21-defend288" type="defendantName"> THOMAS PLUNKET
<interp inst="t17730707-21-defend288" type="surname" value="PLUNKET"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-defend288" type="given" value="THOMAS"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-defend288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that he
<rs id="t17730707-21-off121" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-21-off121" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-off121" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> on the king's highway, on
<persName id="t17730707-21-person289"> William Dadley
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person289" type="surname" value="Dadley"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person289" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a leather trunk, value 5 s. four linen ruffle shirts, value 3 l. four muslin stocks, value 4 s. a green silk purse, value 1 d. sixteen guineas, a half guinea, a quarter guinea, a six-and-nine-pence, and ten shillings in money, numbered, the property of the said William </rs>,
<rs id="t17730707-21-cd122" type="crimeDate">June 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-off121 t17730707-21-cd122"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17730707-21-victim291" type="victimName"> William Dadley
<interp inst="t17730707-21-victim291" type="surname" value="Dadley"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-victim291" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-victim291" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-off121 t17730707-21-victim291"/> </persName> . On Wednesday the 23d of June I was coming from Coventry in a post chaise, in company with Mr. Colberg; when we came very near the third mile stone, between
<placeName id="t17730707-21-crimeloc123">Highgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-crimeloc123" type="placeName" value="Highgate"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-crimeloc123" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-off121 t17730707-21-crimeloc123"/> and
<placeName id="t17730707-21-crimeloc124">Islington</placeName>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-crimeloc124" type="placeName" value="Islington"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-crimeloc124" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-off121 t17730707-21-crimeloc124"/>, it was then about eleven o'clock in the evening, the chaise was stopped by two footpads; one of them was the prisoner; he planted himself by the side of the shaft horse, and staid there during the whole of the robbery, looking into the chaise; the other had a piece of crape, or something black over his face; he came to the side I sat on, and moved something up and down, which was sharp, on the side of the chaise, which I supposed to be a part of a sword, and he said, your money! your money! with many oaths, and d - n you, we are more of us, we will not be trifled with; he then presented a pistol to my breast, and I gave him out of my pocket a guinea, a half guinea, a 6 s. 9 d. a 5 s. 3 d. and I believe about 10 s. in silver; he then went round the back of the chaise to the other door, to Mr. Colberg; he used much the same language to him, and took his money; then he returned to my side of the chaise again, and said, sir, your watch! I had concealed my watch; I told him I had none; then said he your pocket book! I told him I had never a one; then he demanded our rings; I gave him a mourning one; then he went round again to Mr. Colberg, and demanded his watch, and I believe he gave him more money; then he returned again to me, and said d - n you, I will search you; he opened the door of the chaise and saw a red trunk between my legs; he said he would have it; he took it out of the chaise with great violence, and then called to his companion, and they both went off with it.</p>
<p>Q. How long might this transaction be about?</p>
<p>Dadley. More than a quarter of an hour in the whole, and during the whole of the time the prisoner continued by the side of the shaft horse, and not having any thing over his face, I was able to make a perfect observation of his person. I called at the first public house I came at, and gave an alarm of the robbery, and then made all the haste I could to Sir
<persName id="t17730707-21-person292"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person292" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person292" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; that was about half after one in the morning; I there gave information of the robbery, and described the person of the prisoner; we returned very early in the morning to the spot, and we found the trunk with the writings safe, but the other contents were taken away, which were four shirts, four stocks, a pair of stockings, a pocket book with some memorandums of my own, and several bills of exchange, and fifteen guineas in a purse; the trunk was broke apparently with great force; the front of it was broke. As I was going to Hornsey on the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070033"/> Friday following, Sir
<persName id="t17730707-21-person293"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person293" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person293" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> proposed to send two of his men with me; as we were returning to town, when we were within a few yards of the spot where I was robbed, the prisoner passed by the coach; that was between seven and eight o'clock; Mr. Colberg said that was the man that stood at the horses; Sir John's men leaped out, and he was directly brought into the coach; I made an observation of his person then, but said nothing till I came to Sir
<persName id="t17730707-21-person294"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person294" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person294" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; either Clarke or Taylor said to him where was you going; he said upon the scamp; they asked him whether he had any pops; he said he had; one of them said, then I fancy by meeting with you now, we have secured some honest gentleman from being robbed to night; he said by God you have. He was brought to Sir
<persName id="t17730707-21-person295"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person295" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person295" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's and searched; I was not present at the search; a brace of pistols were brought out to me, said to be taken out of his pocket, and they corresponded in make and shape to the pistols held to me and Mr. Colberg: they were small pocket pistols. There was found in his pocket a large key; he was asked what that was the key of; he said his lodgings; he was asked where his lodgings were; he said he had forgot. I spoke very positively to his person, and he said I was mistaken; he was asked then, if I was mistaken where he was; he said that he had been that evening, a quarter before eleven, at the Ship ale-house, in Bambridge-street, St. Giles's, in company with a person whose name was Clarke, a shoe-maker, with whom he had no great acquaintance, and did not know where he was to be found. I afterwards saw him again at Sir John's, on Wednesday, and I gave then the same account in substance I have given now, and he was then asked what defence he had to make.</p>
<p>Q. What do you say of him now?</p>
<p>Dadley. I am positive he is the man.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a night was it?</p>
<p>Dadley. Twilight; I have no doubt of his person.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. He stood by the horse all the time?</p>
<p>Dadley. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. He did not come to the chaise at all?</p>
<p>Dadley. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any body else took up on this robbery?</p>
<p>Dadley. No; a man was shewn to me, but I said I did not think he was the man.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any thing remarkable in the pistol?</p>
<p>Dadley. No; it is a small pocket pistol. At Sir
<persName id="t17730707-21-person296"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person296" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person296" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's when he was asked what he had to say, he said it did not signify making any defence.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-21-person297"> Samuel Colberg
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person297" type="surname" value="Colberg"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person297" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in company with the last witness on Wednesday evening the 23d of June. On our return from Coventry, in a chaise with four horses, we were accosted, on the road near the three mile stone, by two footpads that were on the cause-way; they booted, stop hollow; on which the post boys stopped their horses; two men immediately jumped off the cause-way, and one came to one side of the chaise, and the other to the other: one was a short thick fat man, with no disguise, but only his hat flapped before; the other was a lustier man, taller, and had something of a crape round his face; it was then pretty near eleven o'clock; there was no moon, but the hemisphere was pretty light; we could distinguish particularly. The prisoner very much represents the person who went to the shafts of the horse on the side where I was; he did not utter a word; the other came up to the chaise and demanded our money or our lives, and swore several violent oaths to the prisoner, and said what was the reason he did not come on the other side and plunder me. Mr. Dadley gave him some money; he said d - n you, these are all halfpence, give me your gold and silver; he clapped a pistol to Mr. Dadley's breast; I then, to prevent his doing any mischief, immediately gave him two guineas; he then demanded our watches and rings; we told him we had none; he then came to my side and demanded my money; I gave him a guinea, a sixpence, and a penny; he demanded my watch and rings; I told him I had none; he then swore, d - n you, we will not be trifled with, give me your watches; we said we had none; then Mr. Dadley gave him a gold ring; he asked if we had any more; we said no; he asked for our pocket books; I gave him a bill case, in which there was a receipt; he then went on the other side and opened the door, and he saw a little trunk; he snatched it out in a hurry, and said, d - n me, here is the booty; we said there was nothing of consequence in it, he might look at it; he then called the other; they took the trunk behind the chaise, and then bid us drive on.</p>
<p>Q. Did you look to see which way they went?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070034"/>Colberg. No.</p>
<p>Q. You only speak to the resemblance, you cannot swear to him?</p>
<p>Colberg. No; it is a very great resemblance. I went in the coach afterwards with Mr. Dadley and Sir John's men to Hornsey, and, on our return, Clark said there goes Plunket; I looked at him, and said he resembled the man that stood by the shaft horse. I forgot to mention, when we went to lay the information, I described the person to be a short thick man of a blackish complexion, and Sir John said it was Plunket; Sir John said, did he speak; I said no, he did not.</p>
<p>Q. You went to Hornsey, did you find the trunk?</p>
<p>Colberg. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What conversation passed after Plunket was taken?</p>
<p>Colberg. One of Sir
<persName id="t17730707-21-person298"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person298" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person298" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's men asked him where he was going; he said upon the scamp; Sir John's man asked him if he had any pops; he said yes, he had a couple about him, and said, by G - d, you have hindered me of a fine chase to might. After we got out of the coach. there was some gun-powder found under the cushion where he sat. At Sir John's there was a brace of pistols found upon him, and brought into the other room to us by
<persName id="t17730707-21-person299"> William Taylor
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person299" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person299" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; they are the same make and size of one that was presented to my breast.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Pray what was it o'clock?</p>
<p>Colberg. Near upon eleven: there was no moon, it was twilight and a fine hemisphere.</p>
<p>Q. Was it so light as to discern a man's complexion?</p>
<p>Colberg. Yes, he was on the side I was.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-21-person300"> John Clarke
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person300" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with Mr. Dadley and Colberg to Hornsey; on returning home, near the turnpike, the prisoner went past our coach; Taylor said, Mr. Clarke, there goes Plunket; Mr. Colberg upon that said, that is one of the men that robbed me; I said if it is we will bring him back again; we went and brought him to the coach, and asked them if they knew him; they said they did, and we took him to Sir John's in the coach; Taylor asked him if he had got any pops; I believe he said yes; when he came to Sir John's I searched the coach where he sat, and found some gunpowder. He was taken into the office and Taylor searched him.</p>
<p>Q. When you went after the prisoner which way was he going?</p>
<p>Clarke. Towards Highgate.</p>
<p>Q. What did you say to him?</p>
<p>Clarke. I told him two gentlemen in the coach wanted to see him, and he came back quietly with me.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any questions put to him in the coach?</p>
<p>Clarke. Taylor asked him where he was going; he said upon the scamp; in the office he asked if there was any charge against him; Taylor said you hear the gentlemen charge you. I said if he was not charged with that we would prevent his doing any mischief that night; he said d - n him we did.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-21-person301"> William Taylor
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person301" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person301" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with Dadley and Colberg to Hornsey; on coming back, a little on this side the turnpike, I saw Plunket, and said to Clarke there goes Plunket. One of the gentlemen looked out of the coach and said that was one of the men that robbed them. We got out of the coach and went after him, and told him there were two gentlemen in the coach wanted to speak to him; he came with us to the coach; I asked the gentlemen if they thought he was one of the men; they were both of opinion he was; they were sure he was; we put him into the coach.</p>
<p>Q. After he was in the coach had you any conversation with him?</p>
<p>Taylor. I asked him where he was going; he joked, and said upon the scamp, where do you think.</p>
<p>Q. Did you say any thing else to him?</p>
<p>Taylor. No.</p>
<p>Q. What conversation passed?</p>
<p>Taylor. He said he kept out of the way of the bailiffs that week; he said he would sooner go with us any where than with the bailiffs; I asked him if he had any pops about him; he said yes, to be sure.</p>
<p>Q. I wonder as he had these things about him you did not search him?</p>
<p>Taylor. He could do nothing with them. When we came to Sir John's I searched him, and found a brace of pistols upon him and a key ( producing them).</p>
<p>Q. What did he say?</p>
<p>Taylor. Nothing then, there was no justice there; the clerk ordered him to gaol; the gentlemen were in the office; I shewed the pistols to them.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070035"/>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>On Friday when I was taken I was brought to Sir John's; Sir John was not there, therefore Mr. Bond, his clerk, took upon him to examine me; I told him I could bring sufficient persons to prove where I was drinking on Wednesday night; he said do not think on proving where you was, these people have sworn to you, turn evidence; I think you are a man capable of getting your bread. When I was examined before the Justice, the Justice asked what I had to say; I said I had persons to prove where I was, and Sir John made a laugh at it, and said the people had sworn against me. When I was brought up on the Wednesday following, I was asked what I had to say; I told Sir John it did not signify saying there, he had made a laugh at it, I would appeal to a higher court, and now, my Lord, I have evidence to prove where I was drinking that night. They swore before Sir John it was half after ten, now they say it was eleven when they were robbed.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prosecutor. Did you say before Sir John it was half after ten when you was robbed?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, I am persuaded it was eleven or more.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-21-person302"> Matthew Murphy
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person302" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person302" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a victualler, at the Ship, in Bambridge-street, St. Giles's: I know the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Was he at your house on Wednesday the 23d of June?</p>
<p>Murphy. As near as I can recollect he came into my house last Wednesday fortnight: I am no scholar.</p>
<p>Q. Who came to your house?</p>
<p>Murphy. The prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What time did he come?</p>
<p>Murphy. Between eight and nine.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he stay there?</p>
<p>Murphy. He staid till better than half after ten: I generally shut up my shop by eleven or five minutes before.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell whether he staid till you had shut your shop?</p>
<p>Murphy. No, he did not stay so long.</p>
<p>Q. You are certain that he staid till more than half after ten?</p>
<p>Murphy. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long was this before he was taken up?</p>
<p>Murphy. I heard he was taken up on Friday that makes me remember the day, for the man that was drinking with him came of the Monday after, and said the man he was drinking with at my house was taken up. There were five of them in company that night:
<persName id="t17730707-21-person303"> John Relly
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person303" type="surname" value="Relly"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person303" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> told me of it; he told me it was of the Wednesday; I cannot be sure it was of a Wednesday, only he told me so; I never saw the man before in my life.</p>
<p>Q. How many were along with him?</p>
<p>Murphy. Two besides him.</p>
<p>Q. This man was a stranger to you, you had never seen him before, are you now sure he is one of them?</p>
<p>Murphy. I am sure he is; he was a stranger, all the rest were my acquaintances.</p>
<p>Court. Give me their names?</p>
<p>Murphy. Two of them are Rellys; this man here is
<persName id="t17730707-21-person304"> Charles Shaw
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person304" type="surname" value="Shaw"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person304" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; I cannot tell the other's name.</p>
<p>Q. If you never saw him before, how are you sure he is the man?</p>
<p>Murphy. He had a coat and waistcoat half mourning, a hat half cocked, and a pair of buckskin breeches.</p>
<p>Q. Which came in first?</p>
<p>Murphy. The three men were drinking, and the prisoner and Shaw came in together just as I was lighting the candles.</p>
<p>Q. What did they drink?</p>
<p>Murphy. Nothing but porter.</p>
<p>Q. Did they eat any thing?</p>
<p>Murphy. Not a bit as I know of.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What stockings had he on?</p>
<p>Murphy. I cannot justify what stockings he had on; they sat in the upper box near the fire in the public room.</p>
<p>Q. You never saw Plunket before?</p>
<p>Murphy. Never in my life.</p>
<p>Q. Was Plunket acquainted with the Rellys?</p>
<p>Murphy. No, but
<persName id="t17730707-21-person305"> Charles Shaw
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person305" type="surname" value="Shaw"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person305" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; Shaw, when he came in, asked for Relly the paviour; I shewed him where they were.</p>
<p>Q You could not recollect it was Wednesday if you had not been told it?</p>
<p>Murphy. It was Wednesday or Thursday; I believe it was Wednesday; I cannot speak positively.</p>
<persName id="t17730707-21-person306"> Charles Shaw
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person306" type="surname" value="Shaw"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person306" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with the prisoner last Wednesday fortnight, between eight and nine,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="177307070036"/> to the house of the last witness, to look for
<persName id="t17730707-21-person307"> John Relly
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person307" type="surname" value="Relly"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person307" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , an acquaintance of mine; we staid there till within a quarter or ten minutes before eleven.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the prisoner was all that time in your company?</p>
<p>Shaw. Yes, he was.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the prisoner did not go away till a quarter before eleven?</p>
<p>Shaw. Yes.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q Did you find Relly?</p>
<p>Shaw. Yes, he sat opposite the bar;
<persName id="t17730707-21-person308"> James Relly
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person308" type="surname" value="Relly"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person308" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and one Connor were in the upper seat; I asked for
<persName id="t17730707-21-person309"> John Relly
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person309" type="surname" value="Relly"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person309" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and then we all went up to the upper seat where
<persName id="t17730707-21-person310"> James Relly
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person310" type="surname" value="Relly"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person310" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was; we sat there till within a quarter of eleven, and had four or five pots of beer.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to recollect this was the Wednesday?</p>
<p>Shaw. Because I was to go to the Court of Conscience on Thursday; I heard he was taken up on Monday, and received a subpoena.</p>
<p>Q. Was Plunket acquainted with any of the people besides you?</p>
<p>Shaw. No, not one.</p>
<p>Q. When did you hear of this?</p>
<p>Shaw. Last Monday night.</p>
<p>Q. Not till last Monday?</p>
<p>Shaw. No; I live down at Ratcliffe-cross.</p>
<p>Q. Who told you of it last Monday?</p>
<p>Shaw. One
<persName id="t17730707-21-person311"> John Hope
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person311" type="surname" value="Hope"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person311" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a porter, the prisoner sent to me.</p>
<p>Court. Produce your subpoena.</p>
<p>The witness produces it.</p>
<p>Q. from the Jury. How did you know the porter's name was
<persName id="t17730707-21-person312"> John Hope
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person312" type="surname" value="Hope"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person312" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-21-person312" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Shaw. I went to the prisoner on Monday night, and he told me his name was Hope.</p>
<p>Q. Are you intimate with Plunket?</p>
<p>Shaw. Yes, since I have been in London.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been in London?</p>
<p>Shaw. Eight months. I used to drink in the house where he used.</p>
<p>Q. Where did he lodge?</p>
<p>Shaw. I do not know; I had not seen him six weeks or two months before that; I used to know him at a public house of a countryman's of mine, when I first came to town.</p>
<p>Q. Whose?</p>
<p>Shaw. One Lennard's, in Bell-yard: I lived in Hewit's-court, in the Strand.</p>
<p>Q. Was Plunket ever at your house?</p>
<p>Shaw. No.</p>
<p>Q. Had you ever told him where you lodged?</p>
<p>Shaw. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What was the occasion of your meeting that night?</p>
<p>Shaw. I met him promiscusly in Wych-street; I told him I was going to see such a-one at St. Giles's, and we would have some drink before we parted; I never saw him again till I saw him in Newgate.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I am a working
<rs id="t17730707-21-deflabel125" type="occupation">silversmith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-defend288 t17730707-21-deflabel125"/>; I am very much involved in debt, and carried the pistols about with me for my own security; I thought as I was in debt it would deter the officers from arresting me.</p>
<rs id="t17730707-21-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-21-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17730707-21-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17730707-21-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17730707-21-defend288 t17730707-21-punish127"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17730707-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17730707-22" type="year" value="1773"/>
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<p>424, 425. (2d M.)
<persName id="t17730707-22-defend314" type="defendantName"> CHRISTIAN MACLANE
<interp inst="t17730707-22-defend314" type="surname" value="MACLANE"/>