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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY. On Wednesday the 28th, Thursday the 29th, Friday the 30th of JUNE, Saturday the 1st, and Monday the 3d of JULY, 1769.
<p>In the Ninth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Sixth SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable
<persName id="f17690628-1-person1"> Samuel Turner
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person1" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person1" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER VI. PART I.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Sold by S. Bladon, at No. 28, in Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable
<persName id="f17690628-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> SAMUEL TURNER
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person2" type="surname" value="TURNER"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person2" type="given" value="SAMUEL"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esquire, Lord Mayor of the City of London; the Right Honourable Lord
<persName id="f17690628-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Chief Baron Parker
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person3" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person3" type="given" value="Chief Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person3" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> *; the Honourable Mr. Justice Gould, one of his Majesty's Judges of the Court of Common Pleas +; the Honourable Mr. Justice Aston, one of his Majesty's Judges of the Court of King's Bench ||;
<persName id="f17690628-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> James Eyre
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person4" type="surname" value="Eyre"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person4" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>N. B. The *, +, and ||, ++, refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoners were tried, L.
<persName id="f17690628-1-person5"> London, M.
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person5" type="given" value="London"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person5" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>London.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person6" type="jurorName"> William Berry
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person6" type="surname" value="Berry"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person6" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Thomas Jackson
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person7" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person7" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Thomas Goff
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person8" type="surname" value="Goff"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person8" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Francis Spilsbury
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person9" type="surname" value="Spilsbury"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person9" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person10" type="jurorName"> William Gifford
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person10" type="surname" value="Gifford"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person10" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Isaac Meyther
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person11" type="surname" value="Meyther"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person11" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Humphry Jones
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person12" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person12" type="given" value="Humphry"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person13" type="jurorName"> James Hammond
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person13" type="surname" value="Hammond"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person13" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Peter Thornton
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person14" type="surname" value="Thornton"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person14" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Davis
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person15" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Josiah Fowler
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person16" type="surname" value="Fowler"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person16" type="given" value="Josiah"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John West
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person17" type="surname" value="West"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person18" type="jurorName"> John Treslove
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person18" type="surname" value="Treslove"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person18" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>James Lake,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person19" type="jurorName"> John Groom
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person19" type="surname" value="Groom"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person19" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person20" type="jurorName"> William Hundley
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person20" type="surname" value="Hundley"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person20" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Solomon Hudson
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person21" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person21" type="given" value="Solomon"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Samuel Cook
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person22" type="surname" value="Cook"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person22" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hasleton
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person23" type="surname" value="Hasleton"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person23" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Henry Amroyd
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person24" type="surname" value="Amroyd"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person24" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Josiah Babb
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person25" type="surname" value="Babb"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person25" type="given" value="Josiah"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Thomas Wade
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person26" type="surname" value="Wade"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person26" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>Fancis Sutton,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690628-1-person27" type="jurorName"> James Bell
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person27" type="surname" value="Bell"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person27" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17690628-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>339. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-1-defend29" type="defendantName"> John Shuler
<interp inst="t17690628-1-defend29" type="surname" value="Shuler"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-defend29" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-defend29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17690628-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-1-victim31" type="victimName"> Nicholas Nixon
<interp inst="t17690628-1-victim31" type="surname" value="Nixon"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-victim31" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-victim31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-1-off1 t17690628-1-victim31"/> </persName> ,
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-1-off1 t17690628-1-cd2"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-1-person32"> Nicholas Nixon
<interp inst="t17690628-1-person32" type="surname" value="Nixon"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-person32" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17690628-1-crimeloc3">Thames-street, opposite St. Dunstan's-hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-crimeloc3" type="placeName" value="Thames-street, opposite St. Dunstan's-hill"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-1-off1 t17690628-1-crimeloc3"/>. Last Saturday seven-night in the morning, as I was standing at my door, talking to a captain of a vessel, Mr. Emes told me my pocket was picked. I felt and missed my handkerchief. He had stopped the prisoner. My handkerchief was found on the ground, about two or three yards from my door.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-1-person33"> John Emes
<interp inst="t17690628-1-person33" type="surname" value="Emes"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-person33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was going along Thames-street and saw the prisoner take a handkerchief out of the prosecutor's pocket. I seized him, and called to the prosecutor. The prisoner dropped the handkerchief behind him; and the prosecutor came and took it up. (Produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.) The prisoner was endeavouring to hide it under his waistcoat.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>It was another boy that took it. I saw him drop it. He got off, and they directly laid hold of me. I was going about my business.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-1-verdict4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-1-punish5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-1-punish5" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-1-defend29 t17690628-1-punish5"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>340. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-2-defend35" type="defendantName"> Thomas House
<interp inst="t17690628-2-defend35" type="surname" value="House"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-defend35" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-defend35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-2-off6" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a brown gelding, value 5 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-2-victim37" type="victimName"> Thomas Bessley
<interp inst="t17690628-2-victim37" type="surname" value="Bessley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-victim37" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-victim37" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-2-off6 t17690628-2-victim37"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">June 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-2-off6 t17690628-2-cd7"/>. +</p>
<p>
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<persName id="t17690628-2-person38"> Thomas Bessley
<interp inst="t17690628-2-person38" type="surname" value="Bessley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-person38" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at
<placeName id="t17690628-2-crimeloc8">Hambleton in Buckinghamshire</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-crimeloc8" type="placeName" value="Hambleton in Buckinghamshire"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-2-off6 t17690628-2-crimeloc8"/>. On the 8th of June as I was going to attend the funeral of a relation in London, my son followed and overtook me, and told me Old Mouse (that is a dark brown gelding of mine) was lost from out of the field where were five others. I sent him back to enquire at the turnpikes. As I came on I overtook the prisoner on my gelding at Hounslow. The prisoner formerly had lived with me about eighteen years ago. I had forgot him till he mentioned it to me. The gelding had a halter on, but no saddle; it was both a cart and riding horse, the value about 5 l. I took the prisoner before a justice, who there begged my pardon.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-2-person39"> Edward Bessley
<interp inst="t17690628-2-person39" type="surname" value="Bessley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-person39" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-2-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Younger. I saw the gelding about seven o'clock over night at grass with five others, and he was missing about four in the morning on the eighth of this instant. My father had been set out about ten or fifteen minutes, when I rode after and told him.</p>
<p>Q. to Prosecutor. How far is Hambleton from Hounslow?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. It is about thirty miles. The horse seemed to be leg weary.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I took him only to ride to London to see a friend. I was afraid of being too late. I intended to bring him back again.</p>
<p>Q. to Prosecutor. How did the prisoner behave while in your service?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. He behaved very well.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-2-verdict9" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-2-verdict9" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
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<interp inst="t17690628-2-punish10" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-2-defend35 t17690628-2-punish10"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>341. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-3-defend41" type="defendantName"> Ruben Biggs
<interp inst="t17690628-3-defend41" type="surname" value="Biggs"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-defend41" type="given" value="Ruben"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-defend41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-3-off11" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-3-off11" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-off11" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17690628-3-victim43" type="victimName"> Mary Hubbard
<interp inst="t17690628-3-victim43" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-victim43" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-victim43" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-3-off11 t17690628-3-victim43"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-3-viclabel12" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-3-victim43 t17690628-3-viclabel12"/>, on the
<rs id="t17690628-3-cd13" type="crimeDate">15th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-3-off11 t17690628-3-cd13"/>, between the hours of twelve and one in the night, and stealing one pair of stays, value 8 s. one dimitty robe, value 12 d. one cotton robe, value 12 d. three linen handkerchiefs, value 6 d. two cotton handkerchiefs, value 12 d. six pair of linen sleeves, value 2 d. two linen aprons, value 2 s. four linen childrens frocks, value 3 s. one child's cotton gown, value 6 d. one child's dimitty cloak and shirt, value 18 d. one calamanco woman's shoe, value 6 d. and one stuff damask woman's shoe, value 6 d. the property of
<persName id="t17690628-3-person44"> Mary Hubbard
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person44" type="surname" value="Hubbard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person44" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person44" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow, in the dwelling-house of the said Mary </rs>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-3-person45"> Jane Rutherford
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person45" type="surname" value="Rutherford"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person45" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person45" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mrs. Hubbard, a
<rs id="t17690628-3-viclabel14" type="occupation">pawnbroker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-3-victim43 t17690628-3-viclabel14"/> in
<placeName id="t17690628-3-crimeloc15">Chiswell-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="Chiswell-street"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-crimeloc15" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-3-off11 t17690628-3-crimeloc15"/>. On the 15th of this instant June the watchman knocked at the door between twelve and one in the night. We got up and found a window shutter taken down, and the sash broke, and one square of glass out. The window shutter was fast at out going to bed before eleven o'clock. I could not tell what was lost out of the window till afterwards, when I saw a bag of things which were taken out of the window. The watchman told us he had taken the thief, and a bag of things, which was gone to the watch-house. About nine in the morning it was brought to our house, and in it were the things laid in the indictment, which I knew to be my mistress's property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-3-person46"> William Taylor
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person46" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person46" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. On the 15th of June, between twelve and one, having been been my rounds, I hung up my lanthorn, and sat down: about five minutes after hearing some glass break, I went with my rattle, but left my lanthorn behind, towards the place: when I came within about forty yards of the White Horse I heard the glass break again; then I knew where it was. (This house had been attempted twice before, and I put them by.) By the reflection of the lamp I saw hands moving at the window, and heard glass break again. I advanced nearer, and saw hands go in and draw goods out. There were two men. I came within seven or eight yards of them: they saw me, and stood and looked at me as if they had an intent to attack me. I saw some goods hang out of the window, and some in a sack by the window. I gave a spring with my rattle, and they turned about and ran away. I pursued them both. They left all behind them. They both took one way. At last one wheeled about and went another way, but I followed the prisoner, and rattled still as I ran. He ran into a yard, formerly the manor house in Finsbury. I stopped the gate. Another watchman came immediately. I said, Stand at the gate, I know where he is. Then another came. Two of us went in: then I heard the prisoner jump down off the wall, which was ten feet high: he was got into a close place, about six or eight feet broad. I got over and took him in a vault. There was no way to get there, but by going over that wall, or through the house to which the vault belonged. We took the prisoner back over the wall, and to the watch-house. I knew the prisoner before, by seeing him about with a bad gang. He shammed as if he was asleep when I took hold of him. There were
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280004"/> a couple of keys and a pack of cards found in that vault in the morning by the person that owns the vault. He was never out of my sight, when running, till after he got in at the gate of the yard. I found these two chissels (produced in court) about two hours after he was taken, hid in a corner near Artillery Court. We compared them to marks made in the window shutter, and found the marks were done by them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-3-person47"> Thomas Tatham
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person47" type="surname" value="Tatham"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person47" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the constable. I was on duty betwixt the 15th and 16th of this instant in the watch-house, and heard the alarm given by Taylor with his rattle (it is in the same form with a child's rattle, which they swing round, only it makes a greater noise.) I ran out with two watchmen and the beadle, and made towards Mrs. Hubbard's house. I found this bag within three or four yards of her house, in the foot way, with the things that are now in it. I have had them in my custody ever since. (The goods laid in the indictment produced in court, and deposed to by Rutherford as the property of her mistress.) The watchmen were rattling as they ran to Taylor's assistance to this yard, which is about thirty or forty yards distance from Mrs. Hubbard's house, on the opposite side the way. When I came into the yard I saw Taylor, and another watchman or two. I heard Taylor say, He is gone over the wall, pointing to where a brick was fresh broke out. Taylor got over. Presently the prisoner came over, and Taylor after him. When the prisoner jumped down we secured him, and took him to the watch-house: then I went with Mr. Crowder the beadle to Mrs. Hubbard's with the bag. Her servant, which is now here, was very particular to every article.</p>
<p>[
<persName id="t17690628-3-person48"> Leonard Crowder
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person48" type="surname" value="Crowder"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person48" type="given" value="Leonard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-3-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the beadle gave the same account as the last evidence.]</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>About seven or eight o'clock I went to the other end of the town to my uncle, coming home I came down Fleet-market, and went into a cook's shop, and bought some meat and a halfpenny-worth of bread; I went to a public house and eat it with a pint of beer. I staid there till about eleven o'clock, then came directly home to my mother's. I knocked at the door, and could make no-body hear. I did not know where to go to lie, searing I should be taken up as a disorderly person; then I thought it best to go over this wall and sit down in the necessary house. I did, and fell asleep. I had not been asleep long before this man came and awaked me. He laid hold of my collar, and said, you are the man that broke the window. I said, I know nothing of the matter.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-3-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-3-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-3-punish17" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-3-punish17" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-3-defend41 t17690628-3-punish17"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>See him an evidence against Stead and Smithson, No. 156, 177, in this mayoralty. See the prosecutrix robbed before, No. 566, 567, in Mr. Alderman Kite's mayoralty.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-4">
<interp inst="t17690628-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-4-off18-c43" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-4-defend50 t17690628-4-off18 t17690628-4-verdict22"/>
<p>342. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-4-defend50" type="defendantName"> John Dimmock
<interp inst="t17690628-4-defend50" type="surname" value="Dimmock"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-defend50" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-defend50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-4-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17690628-4-victim51" type="victimName"> Fish Coppinger
<interp inst="t17690628-4-victim51" type="surname" value="Coppinger"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-victim51" type="given" value="Fish"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-victim51" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-4-off18 t17690628-4-victim51"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-4-viclabel19" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-4-victim51 t17690628-4-viclabel19"/>; on the
<rs id="t17690628-4-cd20" type="crimeDate">11th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-4-off18 t17690628-4-cd20"/>, about the hour of two in the night, with intent the goods of the said Fish to steal </rs>, &c. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-4-person52"> William Leek
<interp inst="t17690628-4-person52" type="surname" value="Leek"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-person52" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am coachman to 'Squire Coppinger, whose house is in the
<placeName id="t17690628-4-crimeloc21">King's Road, facing Gray's-Inn Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-crimeloc21" type="placeName" value="King's Road, facing Gray's-Inn Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-crimeloc21" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-4-off18 t17690628-4-crimeloc21"/>. On the 11th of June, as I was lying in bed in a lower room, I heard the sash move gently. I got up and looked, and saw a man in the area at the window. I said, So-ho! what do you want there? He had got his arm is at the window. He said, Do you, are you there? He drew back. I jumped up, and called Watch! I awoke my fellow-servant. The watch came in a little time. We went to the door just as the prisoner got out of the area: then the watchman was taking him. The shutter is an inside shutter, but it was not shut; we always leaving the middle leaf open. The sash was up about fourteen inches, and I saw his hand within side very plain.</p>
<p>John Parish. I am footman to 'Squire Coppinger. My fellow-servant called to me, and said there was a man coming in at the window. I got up, and went up stairs to assist the watchman, who had hold of the prisoner. We asked him his intent in coming there at that time of the night; he said there were two or three drunken men had taken his hat, and thrown it into the area, and he got over for it. I said, Why did you attempt to come in at the window? He said the window was open. The watchman said he had seen it shut; and I know it was shut when I went to bed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-4-person53"> William Courtly
<interp inst="t17690628-4-person53" type="surname" value="Courtly"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-person53" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-4-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. I thought I heard somebody drop down the area in the King's Road. I heard a voice call Watch! Watch! There are thieves in the house! I came and saw the prisoner in the area. I took hold of him as he was coming over the rails, and threw him flat on his back and secured him. As we were going to prison with him, I desired
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280005"/> him to send for his friends. He said he would not trouble his friends with any such dirty action. It was about ten minutes after two when I laid hold of him. I saw the sash was shut that night.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I made no resistance at all. Whether I put my hand in or not I cannot tell. I was in liquor. I only went in for my hat.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-4-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-4-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-5">
<interp inst="t17690628-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-5-off23-c47" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-5-defend55 t17690628-5-off23 t17690628-5-verdict27"/>
<p>343. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-5-defend55" type="defendantName"> George Kelly
<interp inst="t17690628-5-defend55" type="surname" value="Kelly"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-defend55" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-defend55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-5-off23" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-5-off23" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-off23" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a mahogany tea chest, value 10 s. a Bible, value 5 s. and a small hand-bell, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-5-victim57" type="victimName"> William Bayley
<interp inst="t17690628-5-victim57" type="surname" value="Bayley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-victim57" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-victim57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-5-off23 t17690628-5-victim57"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-5-cd24" type="crimeDate">June 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-5-off23 t17690628-5-cd24"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-5-person58"> William Bayley
<interp inst="t17690628-5-person58" type="surname" value="Bayley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-person58" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17690628-5-viclabel25" type="occupation">brazier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-5-victim57 t17690628-5-viclabel25"/>, and live in
<placeName id="t17690628-5-crimeloc26">Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-crimeloc26" type="placeName" value="Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-crimeloc26" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-5-off23 t17690628-5-crimeloc26"/>. I was in the shop with a customer. My wife, seeing the prisoner go out at the door, said a man was gone out with something under his coat. I followed him, and when he was on the other side the street I laid hold of his collar. I saw the tea chest, and said to him, How came you by these things? Not very honestly, said he. I said, Come back. He said, I am hanged! I am hanged! I am transported! I said I will not hang you. I took him back, and up stairs into the room where he took them from. He put the chest down from under his coat, and the Bible and bell from out of his pocket. (Produced and deposed to.) They were taken from a two pair of stairs room forward, where I lie. I asked him what business he had there; he said he had no business there at all, and was very sorry, and hoped I would not hang him; and that he would down on his knees if I would pardon him. When before the justice he owned he took the things.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I pick up rags and broken bottles, and black shoes. I was coming by, and he called me names. I ran in after him. Then he said I stole the things. They were not about me. I must be very impudent to take away those things at that time of the day. I have got three children in England, and one in Ireland; and I lost the use of my sight at Leghorn. If I get a drop of beer, I am not my own man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-5-person59"> John Kelly
<interp inst="t17690628-5-person59" type="surname" value="Kelly"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-person59" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner twenty years, and know him to be a just, honest man. If I had a thousand pounds in money, I could trust him with it all. I am a weaver, and live in Rose and Crown Court, Whitechapel. The prisoner worked with me. He followed weaving twenty years ago. When he came from sea, his eyes were so bad he could not see to bring in his threads right. He ought to be in Greenwich College, having served in four or five men of war.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-5-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-5-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-verdict27" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17690628-5-punish28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-5-punish28" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-5-punish28" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-5-defend55 t17690628-5-punish28"/> W </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-6">
<interp inst="t17690628-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-6-off30-c51" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-defend61 t17690628-6-off30 t17690628-6-verdict34"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-6-off30-c52" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-defend63 t17690628-6-off30 t17690628-6-verdict34"/>
<p>344, 345. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-6-defend61" type="defendantName"> Mary Ingram
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend61" type="surname" value="Ingram"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend61" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend61" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690628-6-defend63" type="defendantName"> Margaret Dyer
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend63" type="surname" value="Dyer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend63" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend63" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-defend63" type="age" value="fourteen"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-6-deflabel29" type="occupation">spinsters</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-defend61 t17690628-6-deflabel29"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-defend63 t17690628-6-deflabel29"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-6-off30" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-6-off30" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-off30" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 4 l. a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 8 s. a pocket book, value 1 s. a paper snuff-box, value 6 d. and two half guineas </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690628-6-victim65" type="victimName"> Peter Ranees
<interp inst="t17690628-6-victim65" type="surname" value="Ranees"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-victim65" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-victim65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-off30 t17690628-6-victim65"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-6-cd31" type="crimeDate">June 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-off30 t17690628-6-cd31"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-6-person66"> Peter Ranees
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person66" type="surname" value="Ranees"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person66" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Aberdeen in Scotland.
<rs id="t17690628-6-viclabel32" type="occupation">I manufacture silk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-victim65 t17690628-6-viclabel32"/>. Last Saturday night, as I was coming along East-Smithfield for some snuff, this
<persName id="t17690628-6-person67"> Mary Ingram
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person67" type="surname" value="Ingram"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person67" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person67" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> picked me up, and wanted me to go with her to her room. This was near between nine and ten at night. There was not a soul with me, and she was alone. When I went into her room, which was in
<placeName id="t17690628-6-crimeloc33">Nightingal Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-crimeloc33" type="placeName" value="Nightingal Lane"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-crimeloc33" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-6-off30 t17690628-6-crimeloc33"/>, she asked me what I would give her. I told her nothing, I would have nothing to do with her. There came in two or three more girls. She said they were her sisters. They picked my pocket: I missed my watch first: being a little in liquor I did not know what they were about. They took my silver knee-buckles out of my pocket, and my pocket-book, two pocket handkerchiefs, my paper snuff-box, and two half guineas, I think there were four of them in all. When I took hold of them to get my things again, they cried out, and there came a woman from below. She rescued them from me, and they went off.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you been in London?</p>
<p>Ranees. I had been in London but a week or two. I never found any of my things again but my snuff-box. The next morning I saw the two prisoners lying in bed with one man. I knew them to be two of the persons that took my things away. They denied it. I said if they would give me back my watch, I would say nothing at all about it; but they would not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-6-person68"> Richard Minit
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person68" type="surname" value="Minit"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person68" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-6-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, and live in Nightingal Lane, East-Smithfield. The prosecutor applied to me in the morning about five o'clock, and told me he had been robbed by a parcel of girls. He went with me to shew me the place, but they were gone. An acquaintance of mine went with us, and we found the two prisoners and another woman in bed with one man,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280006"/> in Aldgate parish. We made them get up, and turned the clothes up; but could find nothing. Ingram wanted her pocket sadly. I had taken it up. I took out this paper snuff box. The prosecutor said that was his box ( Produced and deposed to by prosecutor.) He had before told me he had lost a paper snuff-box, with other things. In the snuff-box were three shillings and sixpence, and a quarter guinea. Ingram said she found the snuff-box on the bed, in the other room.</p>
<p>Ingram's Defence.</p>
<p>I picked the box up in the street coming home. I was sixteen years old last month.</p>
<p>Dyer's Defence.</p>
<p>I am going into fourteen years of age.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17690628-6-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-6-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-7">
<interp inst="t17690628-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-7-off35-c57" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-7-defend70 t17690628-7-off35 t17690628-7-verdict40"/>
<p>346. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-7-defend70" type="defendantName"> John Bird
<interp inst="t17690628-7-defend70" type="surname" value="Bird"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-defend70" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-defend70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-7-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-7-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of linen sheets, value 3 s. one linen towel, value 6 d. one linen bed-gown, value 6 d. one check linen apron, value 6 d. and one linen clothes bag, value 6 d. the property of
<persName id="t17690628-7-victim72" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Mackerness
<interp inst="t17690628-7-victim72" type="surname" value="Mackerness"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-victim72" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-victim72" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-7-viclabel36" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-7-victim72 t17690628-7-viclabel36"/>; one cloth great coat, value 5 s. and two mens hats, value 7 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-7-victim74" type="victimName"> Cornelius Mackerness
<interp inst="t17690628-7-victim74" type="surname" value="Mackerness"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-victim74" type="given" value="Cornelius"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-victim74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-7-cd37" type="crimeDate">May 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-7-off35 t17690628-7-cd37"/>. +</p>
<p>Eliz. Mackerness. I live in
<placeName id="t17690628-7-crimeloc38">Spital-Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="Spital-Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-7-off35 t17690628-7-crimeloc38"/>. On the 31st of May I lost the goods laid in the indictment (mentioning them by name.) out of my lower apartment.</p>
<p>James Hill. I live opposite the prosecutrix. On the 31st of May I heard her crying out, and the people said she had been robbed by a brewer's servant. She ran and I ran. I came up to the prisoner, and saw part of a coat hanging out of his apron. I seized him by the collar, and asked him what he had got there; he muttered something, I can't say what. I told him he should carry the things back, to where he had them; but in leading him back, the mob was so great, that we were forced to take him into a public-house; (there was another man with the prisoner who made off;) we sent for an officer and the prosecutrix, and she owned the things. (He mentioned the things as laid in the indictment.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-7-person75"> James Hughes
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person75" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person75" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who pursued the prisoner along with Hill, gave the same account.</p>
<p>Mr. Airbottle. I am a constable. I was sent for to the
<persName id="t17690628-7-person76"> Ben Johnson
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person76" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person76" type="given" value="Ben"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Pelham-street, to take charge of the prisoner and things. I found four pick lock keys in his pocket. (Produced in Court. he goods produced also in Court, and deposed to by the respective owners.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-7-person77"> Eleanor Horsey
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person77" type="surname" value="Horsey"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person77" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person77" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 31st of May, about half an hour after eight, as I was standing at my own door, I saw the prisoner come out of Mrs. Mackerness's house, with some clothes in his apron. I told Mrs. Mackerness of it. She ran home. and found her door open; then he was pursued and taken.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I am a
<rs id="t17690628-7-deflabel39" type="occupation">brick-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-7-defend70 t17690628-7-deflabel39"/>. I went to Limehouse to see for work, and as I was coming along I met a man who offered me sixpence to carry these clothes to Whitechapel. I put them in my apron. When I came to Spital-Fields church they asked me what I had got there; I told them nothing belonging to them. The man that I had them of had not been gone above two or three minutes. They had me into the
<persName id="t17690628-7-person78"> Ben Johnson
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person78" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person78" type="given" value="Ben"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's head, and took the things from me, and I found in a piece of rag four keys. I put them into my pocket. As soon as I was taken, the man I had them of ran away.</p>
<p>He called
<persName id="t17690628-7-person79"> Mary Walker
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person79" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person79" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person79" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690628-7-person80"> Stephen Bellier
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person80" type="surname" value="Bellier"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person80" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-7-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who said they never heard any ill of him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-7-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-7-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-7-punish41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-7-punish41" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-7-defend70 t17690628-7-punish41"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-8">
<interp inst="t17690628-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-8-off42-c66" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-8-defend81 t17690628-8-off42 t17690628-8-verdict45"/>
<p>347. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-8-defend81" type="defendantName"> Thomas Meller , otherwise Brooks
<interp inst="t17690628-8-defend81" type="surname" value="Meller"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-defend81" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-defend81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-8-off42" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-8-off42" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-off42" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> committing a rape </rs> on the body of
<persName id="t17690628-8-victim84" type="victimName"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-victim84" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-victim84" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-victim84" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-8-off42 t17690628-8-victim84"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-8-viclabel43" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-8-victim84 t17690628-8-viclabel43"/>,
<rs id="t17690628-8-cd44" type="crimeDate">June 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-8-off42 t17690628-8-cd44"/>. ||</p>
<p>The witnesses were examined apart.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person85"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person85" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person85" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person85" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The first time I ever saw the prisoner was on Thursday the 23d of June.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person86"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person86" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person86" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person86" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> desired I would go along with her to my Lord Mayor, in order to get a warrant, as she had lost a gown; but we could not have a hearing then. There was a young woman there, who said she had an acquaintance in trouble in the Compter. She asked me if I should like to see the Compter. I told her I had never seen such a place, and should like to see it.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person87"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person87" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person87" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person87" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and I went along with her; when we came there, we saw this man at the bar, and one Litchfield. The young woman that took us there asked us if we would have any thing to eat or drink, and said if we would get any thing, she would pay for it. We staid about half an hour; when we came down stairs the prisoner followed us, and asked us to go to a public house to drink. I said I had rather not, I rather chose to go home. We went to the corner of Honey-lane market to a public-house; presently
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280007"/> Litchfield came in. After that they both insisted on our going to some gardens. We told them we had rather go home, and desired they would not detain us. I told them my nearest way was down Cheapside; they told us the nearest way was through Newgate-market. When we came out, I requested they would let us go home. The prisoner begged I would not make myself uneasy, we should be at home by six o'clock; that he would go and have some tea, and we should go home directly after. I told the other young woman, that it was so far from our house, I would go home with her, and turned, thinking to get away, then they lugged me back and brought us away, and said we should go along with them. When we had gone a great way, we came into a road. I said I did not know where I was, and insisted on going no farther. The prisoner told us we were only going down this road; he brought us to a public-house, the sign of the Bull's head; this was when it was about dusk; there they said they intended to go a little farther, saying they could not have tea there. We insisted on going no farther, and that we would go home. Then the prisoner said we should go in there and have something; then he dragged me in, and called for a bottle of cyder. All the while we staid there I begged and intreated to go home. I was very uneasy. The prisoner insisted that we should not go. A man that was in the house said he would join company with us, saying he lived just by. They brought us into a little room. The prisoner said he could not drink cyder, he called for some beer; there were us four, and that other man. We staid a great while in the room. I insisted upon his letting us go; but he would not; he insisted I should drink, and I drank but a little of the cyder. I said I was very uneasy, and got upon the table to jump off to get out of the room; he dragged me down, and insisted that I should not stir, for he would see me home. When they came to pay, the prisoner came to me and asked me if I had any money, saying he had not money to pay the reckoning. I said I had none. Then he said he could not go, and if I would give him any he would go directly. I gave him eighteen-pence and two-pence, thinking to get away. He said that would not do, he must have a shilling more. I told him I had no more; then he said he could not go, he must stay longer. He said the reckoning came to three or four shillings. I told him I knew how much it came to, and if it came to more I must borrow it of
<persName id="t17690628-8-person88"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person88" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person88" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person88" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . He said it did not signify, for he knew it came to more.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person89"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person89" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person89" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> gave me a shilling, thinking to get away from them, not knowing I had given a shilling before. He called for the reckoning. It came to nineteen-pence half-penny.</p>
<p>Q. How much money did you give him in the whole?</p>
<p>M. Warnett. I gave him two shillings and eight-pence.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not return the rest of the money after he had paid the reckoning?</p>
<p>Warnett. No, he did not. We proceeded out of the house, us four; the other man that joined us in the public-house did not go with us; there was a woman and two girls stood at the door as we came out, we asked them which was the nearest way to town; they told us, if we would go with them, they would put us in the nearest way. The prisoner dragged me away, and said we should not go with them, we should go with, him, and he would shew us the nearest way; he then dragged me down the road, and in the road he threw me in a ditch. I screamed out murder. I got out again, and he pulled me down in it again, and jumped down himself, and some how or other he got me out again. I went to scream out; he said if I did, he would cut my throat from ear to ear, or stab me. He dragged me along after that, and got me into a field. I said, Pray let me go home, for God's sake let me go home. He said, God d - n you, you b - h, can't you hold your tongue? If you will not, I'll cut your throat. He dragged me a great way up the field. I cried and screamed, and said, For God's sake let me go home, and when I come to London I'll go any where with you, thinking to get away; he dragged and forced me along. When we came a good way up the field, he asked Litchfield whether he would go any farther; he answered no, he would not; then the prisoner took and threw me down on some hay. I cried out, For God's sake only let me go. For God's sake take my life. Do any thing in the world with me, only let me go home. He d - d me for a b - h, and said if I spoke a word he would cut my throat.</p>
<p>Q. What did he do to you?</p>
<p>Warnett. He put what he had into my body.</p>
<p>Q. Did he do it by force?</p>
<p>Warnett. He did. I cried and screamed, and strove as much as I could that he should not.</p>
<p>Q. What do you mean by the words what he had?</p>
<p>Warnett. I mean his private parts.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280008"/>Q. Did you feel any thing come from him?</p>
<p>Warnett. With the horror and fright I was in. I do not know whether I felt any thing come from him or no, I swear it was against my will and consent.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the evening was this?</p>
<p>Warnett. It was duskish. I do not know. After that he put his hand up my body. I cried and screamed, and said, O! for God's sake dont. He put his fingers in my body, and said if I did not hold my tongue he would cut my throat. He asked me whether I ever f - t. I told him I did not know what he meant by it. He said if I did not know what he meant, he would make me know before he left me. Then he put his private parts into me again. I cried and screamed, and begged him for God's sake to let me go.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you did not feel something come from him?</p>
<p>Warnett. I believe I felt something come from him then; but I was in such horror, I thought he would have killed me; with the fright, I am not certain. Litchfield called to him and asked him whether he had done with me. He said no; but he would lay in the field all night. I begged he would go home. He said he would not. He staid a long time.</p>
<p>Q. Did he do any thing to you after the second time?</p>
<p>Warnett. Yes, he put his fingers up my body again. Litchfield called to him, and begged of him to come away. He said he would not. I begged he would let me go, and told him he knew I was an honest girl. He said, D - n his blood, he knew I was: for I had never known a man before, and he did not know what to do with me hardly. Litchfield came to him and begged he would come away. He said he would not. Litchfield took hold of him, and dragged him from off me. Litchfield bid me get up and come away: he had the other girl with him. With my fright I did get up; but hardly knew how. I begged of Litchfield to let me lay hold of his coat: my hat and cap were off, and Litchfield bid me put them on: they hung behind me. He bid me come along, and he said he would shew me the right way to London. The prisoner followed us.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person90"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person90" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person90" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person90" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was along with me. We went around another field. Litchfield led me, and it brought us to some houses. I took it for a barn. I thought it was needless to call out to them houses, for I saw no body in them. They were new houses just doing up. When we got a little farther, I heard a coach go along; it past me in great speed: the prisoner was behind a hedge, but he came up to Litchfield and said, D - n your eyes, why did not you stop the coach? Now we might have got a good booty, and you have let it go. Did you ever see such a d - d fellow in your life! Litchfield said he did not think of it. We came on a little farther. I thought I saw a light (it was dark then). I saw a woman come to light some gentlemen out of a house. I was afraid to run to them, till I thought I could get up to them, fearing they should drag me away again. When I came so near that I imagined I could make my escape, I ran up to one of them, and laid hold of him; his name is Ham; he is here.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person91"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person91" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person91" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person91" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ran up to another gentleman. I begged him for God's sake to let me speak to him, saying, I wanted to speak to him sadly.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know him before?</p>
<p>Warnett. I had never seen him in my life before. He asked me what was the matter.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person92"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person92" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person92" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person92" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> asked which was the way to town. All the gentlemen said they were going to town, and if we liked to walk with them, we were welcome. I begged to speak to Mr. Ham first. He went into the public-house, and I followed him in: I kept hold of him all the time
<persName id="t17690628-8-person93"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person93" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person93" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person93" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> went in. Mr. Ham and the other said they thought it was only men and their wives quarrelling, and said we must come in and drink, and make it up. The prisoner followed us in. I told Mr. Ham how I had been used by the prisoner. The others, Mr. Wooden and Mr. Thodey, were there also. I told them the same as I have here. The prisoner said I was a vile woman, that I had lived with him seven months, and that he had kept me seven months. The gentlemen said if it was so, they had no farther business to trouble themselves about it. I told them he was a vile man, and informed them who I was, and where I lived; that I came out of place but on Tuesday morning last; that I knew nothing of him, and had never seen him till that afternoon. Curtain said the same, and that she had not known the man till that afternoon. Mr. Ham said he would take it into consideration, and if we would charge them, and the woman of the house would send for a constable, they would secure them. Then the prisoner and Litchfield wanted to go away. A carpenter and another gentleman stood at the door to prevent their making their escape. The constable came in. I charged the prisoner. He told the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280009"/> constable I had lived with him fourteen months; but that gained no credit. When they heard he differed in his story, they all thought he was in the wrong. Then the prisoner said he had a wife, and she was a little jealous of him, and he kept me private, because she should not know any thing of it. They were both taken into custody. The constable said, the prisoner must have his hands tied, he having made a resistance. He was very obstropulous. He said he was never tied in his life, they might take hold of him, and he would go with them; but if they would tie him, they must do it by force. They were obliged to lay him down all along on the floor to tie him. They were both taken to the watch house, and on the morning following, which was this day week, carried before Sir
<persName id="t17690628-8-person94"> Robert Darling
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person94" type="surname" value="Darling"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person94" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I there charged the prisoner in the same manner I do now. I was taken into another room, to be examined by a midwife. As we were going along, before we came to the hay,
<persName id="t17690628-8-person95"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person95" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person95" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person95" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ran away, in order to escape. The prisoner said, Run after the b - h, and catch her. She was dragged along in the same manner as I was.</p>
<p>Q. From the Bull-Head to the hay did you meet any body?</p>
<p>Warnett. No, nobody at all.</p>
<p>Q. What distance might that be?</p>
<p>Warnett. I do not know. It may be a quarter of a mile.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the meaning of his telling you the nearest way would be to go down Newgate market?</p>
<p>Warnett. No.</p>
<p>Q. What place in this Bull-Head at?</p>
<p>Warnett. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. Were not the prisoner and you very familiar in the Compter?</p>
<p>Warnett. No, I believe he did not kiss me once there.</p>
<p>Q. Were any body in the field where the hay was besides you four?</p>
<p>Warnett. No, not that where they used us so ill.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make all the resistance you could when he threw you down on the hay?</p>
<p>Warnett. I did. I begged and intreated him to let me go, and cried out murder, and he stopt my mouth with his hand.</p>
<p>Q. After his throwing up your petticoats, how long was it before he got into your body?</p>
<p>Q. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. A minute?</p>
<p>Warnett. Above a minute</p>
<p>Q. Two minutes?</p>
<p>Warnett. I believe it was above two minutes. I was struggling to get up, that he should not lie with me. I did all I could, and screamed out, and kept my legs together as long as ever I could.</p>
<p>Q. What was
<persName id="t17690628-8-person96"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person96" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person96" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> doing at the time?</p>
<p>Warnett. The other man was laying with her at the same time. My spirits were so far gone, that I was forced to resign to him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make resistance the second time?</p>
<p>Warnett. I did; but not so long as the first. My strength was quite spent. I was quite gone. I was afraid they would murder me. They had a dog, and I was afraid he would set the dog upon us to kill us.</p>
<p>Q. What place was it where you saw Mr. Ham and the other gentlemen?</p>
<p>Warnett. That was the Nag's Head. They told us it was leading to Hackney. We had come a good way before we came to that house.</p>
<p>Q. Where is your home?</p>
<p>Warnett. My home is on Saffron-hill, at Mrs. Winter's, in Blue-Court. I lodged there after I came out of place.</p>
<p>Q. Was there not a promise to return your money again?</p>
<p>Warnett. No, there was not.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you live in service last.</p>
<p>Warnett. I came out of place from Mr. Alexander's in Shoe-maker Row. He is a Custom-house broker.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person97"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person97" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person97" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person97" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The first time I saw the prisoner was last Thursday was week. We were at the Mansion-house: we walked from thence to Wood-street Compter. There I saw Litchfield and the prisoner. From thence we went to a public-house in Honey-lane market, and had some beer. The prisoner begged of us to go there, and Litchfield came in after us. Then she was for going home to tea; the men said we should go to some gardens to drink tea along with them. We told them we had rather go home; but they insisted upon it we should go with them. Then we went all down Bishopsgate-street, and never stopt till we came to the public-house in the road. In going along,
<persName id="t17690628-8-person98"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person98" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person98" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person98" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> turned down a lane, and the prisoner dragged her back. I really do not know whereabouts that lane is. The prisoner took hold of her arm, and Litchfield laid hold
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280010"/> of mine; they bid us not be uneasy, for we should be at home by six o'clock to drink tea. I aid that I did not like to take hold of a man's arm I did not know. We were carried to the Bull's Head, a public house; they wanted us to go a little farther, but we would not. They wanted us to go in there; we were not for that; but rather than go further, we went in just to drink, not thinking to stay. We went into a room. They called for a bottle of cyder; there was a gentleman joined our company there; he continued there till we came away. He told us he used the house, and that he lived just by.</p>
<p>Q. How long might you stay at that house?</p>
<p>Curtain. I fancy we might stay there about an hour, or an hour and a half. The prisoner sung, and that other man came in, and begged of him to sing. He sung a good many songs. We both got up, and immediately insisted upon going, and they said we should not, they would go presently, and would see us safe home. I rung the bell for the waiter to come and take the reckoning. The prisoner sent him away, and said he did not want to go; he would have another pot of beer. I said, You may have as many pots of beer as you will; but we will go. The gentleman said he should sing another song. Warnett paid the reckoning. She got upon the table to come away, and the prisoner pulled her off the table.</p>
<p>Q. Did she pay the reckoning?</p>
<p>Curtain. She gave the prisoner the money to pay. He asked her for money to pay; she said she had none. Then he said he had none, and he must leave his coat to pay the reckoning.</p>
<p>Q. Did you pay any part of the money?</p>
<p>Curtain. No, she gave me money to pay. When we went out of the house, a woman and two girls were standing at the door: we asked her the way to London, she told us she was going to London, and she would shew us. The men told us that was not the way, they were going right, and they would shew us: they took us quite the wrong way. They took us into a road we knew nothing of. We said that was not the road we came. We begged they would take us to the right road. When we got down a lane, the prisoner dragged
<persName id="t17690628-8-person99"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person99" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person99" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person99" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> into a ditch. She cried out murder. When I saw that, I ran away and cried murder. Litchfield followed me a good way down the road, and brought me back. The prisoner pulled her out of the ditch, and I saw him throw her in again the second time, and he pulled her out again a second time; after that they swore if we did not go along with them into the field, they would cut our throats. We all four went into the field, but they dragged us there.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner do any thing to
<persName id="t17690628-8-person100"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person100" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person100" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person100" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Curtain. He dragged her. She seemed to make all the resistance she could, and so did I; but it grew so dark I could hardly see. I saw him throw her down in the field. She called out to me, and said, Molly, for God's sake! there is a man in the field. I said there is no man. They said if we made the least noise they would cut our throats from ear to ear.</p>
<p>Q. When was it she said she saw a man in the field?</p>
<p>Curtain. That was before she was thrown down.</p>
<p>Q. How near was you to her when she was thrown down?</p>
<p>Curtain. [She described it by pointing to a place about three or four yards distance ] The prisoner called to Litchfield, and said, Blast you! you have carried them far enough. Litchfield said, Yes. Then they dragged us to the hay, and threw us down upon it. I saw him throw her down before Litchfield and I got up to them.</p>
<p>Q. How long was he upon the hay with her?</p>
<p>Curtain. I think it was an hour and a quarter. I and Litchfield were on the hay on the other side at the same time. After Litchfield had done what he pleased with me, he called out to the prisoner, Will you go? The prisoner called to him, and said, Blast her! have you not f - d her yet? The other said, No. After some time Litchfield said, Now will you go? The prisoner said. No, blast your eyes, I will not. After Litchfield had done what he pleased with me, he went and hauled the prisoner off
<persName id="t17690628-8-person101"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person101" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person101" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person101" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and begged of him to go. I was then upon my legs; but
<persName id="t17690628-8-person102"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person102" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person102" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was lying down, and he upon her. Litchfield threw him quite off. She got up, and begged she might lay hold of Litchfield's coat: he said she might; and bid her put on her cap; which she did; and we went away, and left the prisoner lying down in the field. We did not meet with any body till we got into the road but a gentleman's coach. The prisoner, who was following us, stooped down under a hedge: after the coach was gone by, the prisoner said to Litchfield, Blast your eyes! why did you not stop that coach? Now we might have had fifteen or sixteen guineas. Litchfield said, I did not think about it. We walked a great way
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280011"/> before we could see any body, for the value of a quarter of an hour, till we came to the road; then Molly Warnett told me she saw a light: I bade her hold her tongue, for we should see somebody presently: just as I spoke the word, a gentlewoman was lighting some people out of a house. We ran to them as soon as we could, but was afraid to speak to them too soon, fearing they should prevent our making our escape. The gentleman that I ran to is named Thodey. I begged of him, for God's sake, to take care of me!
<persName id="t17690628-8-person103"> Molly Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person103" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person103" type="given" value="Molly"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ran to Mr. Ham: we went into the house, and the prisoner and Litchfield followed us in. The gentleman said he supposed we were man and wife, and he would have no concern with it. That was to intice them into the house. We told the gentlemen the same story we have now. She told them, the prisoner had lain with her by force: and I said I had been served so too. The prisoner said to her, You vile creature! Have you not lived with me these seven months, you vile wretch? He said his wife was jealous of her, and on that account he kept her in secret. We were before the justice the next day, and I told him the same. I and
<persName id="t17690628-8-person104"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person104" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person104" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person104" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were both examinby a midwife.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What o'clock was it when you came out of that house at Hummerton, the Bull-Head?</p>
<p>Curtain. I do not know. It might be half an hour, after eight.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you dine?</p>
<p>Curtain. At Woodstreet Compter. When we went in, the young woman asked us if we would have anything; we were strangers to her.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person105"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person105" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person105" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person105" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> asked if we could have any thing brought in there: a man said he could get us any thing.</p>
<p>Q. What time might it be when you got to the ditch that she was in?</p>
<p>Curtain. It must be almost nine.</p>
<p>Q. How old were the children that were with the woman at the public house door?</p>
<p>Curtain. One seemed to be about nine years old, and the other not so big.</p>
<p>Q. Did you resist, when they dragged you along?</p>
<p>Curtain. We stopped two or three times, but they pulled us along.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go by any stiles?</p>
<p>Curtain. Yes, one. I stooped under it. I do not know whether Warnett went over or under it.</p>
<p>Q. What did she mean by saying there was a man in the field?</p>
<p>Curtain. She called out to me, in order to have that man to assist us; but I saw no man. I said, There is no man, what shall we do!</p>
<p>Q. How far was you from her when she was upon the hay?</p>
<p>Curtain. She was on the same hay that I was. She then called out, For God Almighty's sake, let me get up! let me go home! I was on the other side the hay-cock.</p>
<p>Q. Did she speak that aloud?</p>
<p>Curtain. She did; a great deal louder than I do now. She cried out all the time she was upon the hay, and he bid her hold her tongue, or he would cut her throat.</p>
<p>Q. Could you see her lying?</p>
<p>Curtain. I could; it was a little cock of hay, such as haymakers make in the field.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been out of place?</p>
<p>Curtain. I have been out of place three weeks.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you live last?</p>
<p>Curtain. At Mr. Ryland's, a copper-plate printer in the Old Bailey.</p>
<p>Q. Were not Litchfield and you very familiar at the Bull-Head?</p>
<p>Curtain. Litchfield never kissed my lips there; neither did I see the prisoner kiss
<persName id="t17690628-8-person106"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person106" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person106" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> there. I had been acquainted with her not very long. I knew her father and mother, they lived at Camberwell, where I lived.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to go to the Mansion-house?</p>
<p>Curtain. I lent a woman a gown, and she pawned it, and I went there for a warrant; and I went to the house on Saffron Hill, where
<persName id="t17690628-8-person107"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person107" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person107" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person107" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> lodged, and asked her to go with me.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person108"> Robert Ham
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person108" type="surname" value="Ham"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person108" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I Mr. Wooden, and Mr. Thoadey, were coming from Hackney that night. When we came into the road, about ten o'clock at night, these girls flew to us for protection. We at first thought it was a wrangle among themselves, and did not care to interfere. We told them they might walk by the side of us to town.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person109"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person109" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person109" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person109" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> laid hold of me, and begged of me to let her speak to me. She said they had been used extremely ill. We took them into a public house: the prisoner and other men followed us in. The girls complained they had been used in a very gross manner, that they had been ravished, and kept in the field a great while. Warnett seemed to be in a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280012"/> very great fright. The men desired we would not mind what they said, and told us they were a couple of impudent strumpets. The prisoner said he had kept a lodging for Warnett seven months in Purpool-lane, Gray's-inn-lane. The girls laid open their case in a more plainer manner than they had before. Warnett said she never saw the men before that day, and she left her place the Tuesday before. We thought proper to secure the men. The woman of the house sent for an officer. When he came, they wanted to make their way out of the house; but we prevented them. The prisoner said he would be led along; but he would not be tied, unless it was done by force. One of the gentlemen that was with me threw him down, and the officer tied him. Then they took Litchfield and we tied him, and tied them both together. While the prisoner was down, he said he would be revenged if ever he got loose. We ordered the two girls to be kept in the watch-house that night, and carried the men to New Prison. We attended them to Sir
<persName id="t17690628-8-person110"> Robert Darling
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person110" type="surname" value="Darling"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person110" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the next day. The girls told the same story before him as they have here.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you come out of that house where you took the girls in?</p>
<p>Ham. We were crossing the field about four or five yards from the house. The path comes up just by the house.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person111"> John Wooden
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person111" type="surname" value="Wooden"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person111" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in company with Mr. Ham, coming from Hackney last Thursday was sevennight, when, just against the Nag's Head in Hackney road, there were the two young women and two men. We were crossing the road very near the public-house. The girls slew to us and asked the way for Holborn. We said we were going to town. The girls desired we would protect them, saying these two men had used them very ill, and threatened their lives. We went into the public-house. They told their story before the landlord and landlady. The landlady advised to send for a constable. We sent for one. He came.</p>
<p>Q. What did the girls tell you had been done to them?</p>
<p>Wooden. The women told us that they had used them very barbarously, and that they had lain with them by force, and threatened to murder them. They desired we would secure the men and not let them go: they were greatly afraid the men should get away. They appeared in great confusion, and cried very much. Warnett cried the most. We thought proper to secure the men. The prisoner said he would not be tied, unless we did it by force. I believe he offered to strike. He was seized by Mr. Thodey, who got him down, and we tied his hands, and then tied the other man and him together. The prisoner behaved very desperate. He said he had taken a lodging for Warnett in Purpool-lane, where she had lived seven months. He called her a cruel jade for saying he used her ill. She said she came out of place but the Tuesday before from Mr. Alexander's in Shoe-maker-row.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did the girls make up to you immediately?</p>
<p>Wooden. By what I could see they made up to us as soon as they could see us.</p>
<p>Q. Did their clothes appear rumpled and in disorder?</p>
<p>Wooden.
<persName id="t17690628-8-person112"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person112" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person112" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person112" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's seemed to be very much rumpled. We asked the girls how they came to be out with these young men. They told us they fell into their company promiscuously; that one of them had been to my Lord Mayor for a warrant, and the other accompanied her there, and that those two men took and kept them out till that time of the night, and would not let them go home. We thought it our duty to secure them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person113"> William Thodey
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person113" type="surname" value="Thodey"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person113" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About half an hour after ten o'clock last Thursday, at night, I was with the other evidences near the Nag's Head in Hackney road, when the two girls flew to us for protection: they first asked their way to town. We asked what part of the town they were going to. They said to Holborn. We told them we were going to town. One of them catched hold of Mr. Ham, and would not let him go. They seemed very much frighted. They said they had been badly used. We went into the Nag's Head. They told us that the prisoner and Litchfield had used them both very ill in the field. We thought at first they had been some prostitues: we could nto think otherwise; but when we came to hear how they had threatened the girls lives, and how they had used them, that they had thrown Warnett into a ditch several times, and had lain with them both, an officer was sent for, who took charge of them. I was not at the examination of the men before the justice. I am a baker by trade, and obliged to be out about my business.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person114"> Benjamin Alexander
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person114" type="surname" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person114" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an agent for merchants,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280013"/> and belong to the Custom-house. Warnett lived servant with me seven months. She was afflicted with fits, and my wife did not chuse to keep her any longer. She went away. After that she came and begged we would take her again, as she was better. We took her again; then she staid five months and a quarter. She quitted our service last Tuesday was a week.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person115"> Elizabeth Ham
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person115" type="surname" value="Ham"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person115" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a midwife. I was called upon by the Bench of Justice to examine the two girls this day week. I went into a private room. The first I examined was
<persName id="t17690628-8-person116"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person116" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person116" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person116" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I talked with her a good while before I examined her. I found she had been used extremely ill. All round the thick part of her thighs, to the size of four of my fingers, were as if she had been cut with a horse-whip. She said it was with the violence of her struggling. I examined her other parts, and found her body was inflamed and torn; that is, her private parts. I observed her linen, and saw she had been used indecently. If she had not been debauched, there would not have been what I saw. I asked her her age; she said seventeen. I said, It is very odd to me a person of your age should be in this condition. She said, That was done with his fingers. He has torn me. I have examined her since, and I found that appearance on her thighs was gone. I asked if she had drank any thing that occasioned such an inflammation. I was told she drank nothing but tea and water.</p>
<p>Q. Did she appear to have been deflowered?</p>
<p>E. Ham. She did. I observed that all the back part of her thighs, from under her hams up towards the thick part of her hips, was all daubed with clay and dirt. I asked how that came. She said it was done, when he dragged her on the ground with violence.</p>
<p>Alexander. All the time the girl lived with me she drank nothing but tea and water.</p>
<p>Q. to Wooden. Did the girls appear to be in liquor?</p>
<p>Wooden. No, they did not; we all of us took particular notice that they were sober.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>When I first saw this woman in the Compter, she was drin king with another woman and a young fellow that I went to see that was in a little trouble: we came into private discourse. We agreed to go into Honey-lane market to drink a tankard of porter, afterwards they desired me to take a walk into the fields. I said I could not go conveniently. I wanted to go home about business. Litchfield paid for the</p>
<p>porter. We agreed to go together. We went very pleasantly together. I know nothing of the house we were at. I had no money. I said I had much rather go back again. We had five or six pots of porter and cyder, and brandy. There was a gentleman there. I sung three or four songs. I took her round the neck and kissed her as I would my wife. She was all the same as my wife, as agreeable as if she had been my wife. Going over the fields, I remember I saw a man in the hay-cock. I said, My dear, will you sit down a bit? she said, No. Going on a little farther, running and playing with the other young woman, they fell down in the hay-cock; we played with them. I lay with her; she was rather tightish. She was as agreeable to it as I was. I never threw her into any ditch, nor never was in a ditch with her, When we came up Hackney-road, we had agreed to take a room and live together. I was for going home; but they asked us to go in and drink at the Nag's-head. We drank with them in the house. I did not observe their talking to the gentlemen before they went into the house, and when they found we would not go with them, they gave charge of us. The woman was as generous and free as ever I lay with my wife in my life. I am a glazier and painter by trade.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person117"> William Jackson
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person117" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person117" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a slender acquaintnce of the prisoner's. I saw him on that Thursday between five and six-o'clock at the Bull-Head at Haggerstone: there was another man and the two girls with him. I was in the yard when they first came in. Then I came into the room where they were. I heard the prisoner sing. I thought it was very agreeable. He sung a good song. I took my beer and went and sat down facing him in the same box. One of the gentlewomen seemed to be found of my nosegay. I gave it her. She put me out a glass of cyder. They were very jocose together. We went into another room by ourselves to hear the ladies sing. They sang a little bit of a song, which was very agreeable. There was nothing but modesty on both sides. The girls did not appear to be there against their wills, but far from it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner kiss the young women?</p>
<p>Jackson. I did not. I was with them as near as I can guess about four hours. We had three pots of beer together. The girls went out into the yard, and when they came in again, they each of them took their place. I paid for three
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280014"/> pints of beer, and I believe the prisoner paid part, and the other man the rest; but I cannot be positive of that.</p>
<p>Q. Did the girls pay any money?</p>
<p>Jackson. The girls paid no money; there was no occasion for that. I settled my reckoning and went about my business. They were up at the same time.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any thing of the girls getting on the table?</p>
<p>Jackson. No, there was no getting on the table; there was no fear of that; there was no attempt to go away, nor no dragging.</p>
<p>Q. Where did the prisoner take his money from when he paid?</p>
<p>Jackson. He took it out of his pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did he ask the young woman to lend him any money?</p>
<p>Jackson. I saw nothing of that.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Jackson. I live at Haggerstone.</p>
<p>Q. Was you acquainted with the prisoner before?</p>
<p>Jackson. I never saw him before.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath did not the girls press several times to go?</p>
<p>Jackson. They did press to go; but nobody held them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person118"> Richard Murrel
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person118" type="surname" value="Murrel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person118" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About five o'clock, or between five and six, that afternoon, the two girls and two men were in a hay-field belonging to Mr. Bocock at Haggerstone. The prisoner was one of them. When we had made the hay-cocks up, they tumbled them about; tumbling one another on the cocks.</p>
<p>Q. How long might they be going cross the field?</p>
<p>Murrel. They might be a quarter of an hour. We called to them not to tumble the hay. I saw them go out of the field to the Bull. I went in at the Bull after that, and sat down, and had a glass of cyder. I heard the man sing.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear the women sing?</p>
<p>Murrel. No, I did not. I staid there I believe an hour, and came away between seven and eight o'clock. One of the women went out to make water in the yard; then she came in and called the other out; then they both came in, and sat down by the men again. They were willing to sit down and abide by the men. They were as agreeable as the men were. I could not tell whether they were not man and wife. There were twenty or thirty of us in the field. If the women had a mind to get away, they had opportunity enough; there was nobody hindered them.</p>
<p>Simion Clifton. I live in Thames Street. I have known the prisoner three or four years. I never heard any harm of him in my life.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. to Clifton. Where has he lived these last three or four years?</p>
<p>Clifton. That I do not know.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person119"> William Pigot
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person119" type="surname" value="Pigot"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person119" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a journeyman breeches maker. I have known the prisoner two or three years by drinking with him. I never heard a bad character of him. I was going to Rosemary Lane with a pair of breeches, on the Thursday before last, when I saw a mob before the Mansion-house. I went in there. I saw these girls. They said to me, What are those fellows here for? I said I did not know: I suppose for a robbery. After that I went to Wood-street Compter. I was up stairs eating bread and butter. Those two girls came there. Warnett asked if any body could get them any victuals. She gave me a shilling, and I went down, and into Honey-lane market, and got some, and ordered a pot of beer up; they asked the prisoner, Litchfield, and me to eat some; they both eat and drank: then the girls went down stairs, and the prisoner and Litchfield went into the tap-room; but what they had to drink I cannot say, they proposed going to drink tea somewhere. I will not say downright the girls asked the prisoner to go to White Conduit House. Then they went to an ale-house at the corner of Honey-lane market. I went and drank with them there. They appeared very agreeable there. I went away, and did not see them go out of the ale-house.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was you acquainted with either of the parties?</p>
<p>Pigot. I was a stranger to all the parties. I knew none but the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person120"> William Burton
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person120" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person120" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a currier and live in the Broad Way, Westminster. I have known the prisoner between two and three years. I never heard any thing ill of him. I believe he is a decent man. I know his two brothers.</p>
<p>- Drakefield. I live in the Strand, at the White-horse, a public-hose. I am a spatter-dash-maker and a victualler. I have known him ever since he was born. I never knew any harm of him.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280015"/>Q. Does he bear a good character?</p>
<p>Drakefield. As to bearing a good character I cannot say. I never saw no harm by him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person121"> Samuel Brooks
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person121" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person121" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a currier, and live in Drury-lane. I have known him nine or ten years or more. I never heard any thing against his character. He bears that of an honest, just, and true man, to my knowledge; he has behaved honest and just to me. I never heard to the contrary by any body.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-8-person122"> Mary Steward
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person122" type="surname" value="Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person122" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in Westminster. I was at the Mansion-house when the young women were there. My brother was there taking his trial. They went from thence to Wood-street Compter. They asked if they could have any thing to eat. I said they could have nothing but bread and cheese; then they gave the young fellow money to go out and fetch something. I heard
<persName id="t17690628-8-person123"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person123" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person123" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-8-person123" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ask the young fellow to go home with her, and she would treat him with a dish of tea.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-8-verdict45" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-8-verdict45" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-8-punish46" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-8-punish46" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-8-defend81 t17690628-8-punish46"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>See him tried before for knocking a man's eye out, No. 77. in Mr. Alderman Kite's mayoralty.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-9">
<interp inst="t17690628-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9" type="year" value="1769"/>
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<p>348. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-9-defend125" type="defendantName"> John Litchfield
<interp inst="t17690628-9-defend125" type="surname" value="Litchfield"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-defend125" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-defend125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-9-off47" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-9-off47" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="rape"/> committing a rape </rs> on the body of
<persName id="t17690628-9-victim126" type="victimName">
<persName id="t17690628-9-person127" type="victimName"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person127" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person127" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person127" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise Curtin
<interp inst="t17690628-9-victim126" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-victim126" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-victim126" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-9-off47 t17690628-9-victim126"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-9-viclabel48" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-9-victim126 t17690628-9-viclabel48"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-9-person127 t17690628-9-viclabel48"/>,
<rs id="t17690628-9-cd49" type="crimeDate">June 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-9-off47 t17690628-9-cd49"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person128"> Mary Curtain
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person128" type="surname" value="Curtain"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person128" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person128" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went with
<persName id="t17690628-9-person129"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person129" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person129" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person129" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to the Mansion-house on business of my own, and from thence to the Compter; then to a public-house in Honey-lane market, and from thence to the Bull's Head; and from thence I apprehended we were going home. The prisoner and Brooks were with us. We went along a lane, where Brooks catched hold of the other young woman; then I ran from them a great way. I apprehended they were designing to do us some injury. Litchfield ran after me and brought me back by force. I cryed out, and he swore if I spoke he would kill me. He brought me into a field: I saw Warnett and Brooks before me, they were both down in a ditch when he brought me back. Litchfield said, Now, you b - h, go after the other, and d - d me. Before that he had unbuttoned his breeches in the lane, and bid me take hold of what he had. I told him I would do any thing in the world, so that he would let me go. They got out of the ditch, but Brooks threw her in again: then I had got up to them. Litchfield had then hold of me by the arm, pulling me after her. He swore if I did not go along with her, he would cut my throat. I begged of him to let me go home; he swore we should not. I said, Did we think of your using us in this manner when we were in the public house? (meaning at the Bull-head.) He dragged me a great way up the field. It was dark. I said, Could not you as well take us up half the field, as to drag us all this way?</p>
<p>Q. What did you mean by that?</p>
<p>Curtain. I was so frighted, I did not know what I said. He threw me down upon the haycock: this was a hay field where they had been making hay.</p>
<p>Q. What did he do when he threw you down?</p>
<p>Speak the truth, nobody will think ill of you for speaking the truth.</p>
<p>Curtain. He entered my body.</p>
<p>Q. How did he enter your body?</p>
<p>Curtain. He pulled up my petticoats, and unbuttoned his breeches, and entered my body with his private parts, against my will and consent. I cryed out, but he swore if I spoke he would cut my throat.</p>
<p>Q. How long after he threw you down was it before he entered your body?</p>
<p>Curtain. A good while. The other called to him, and asked if he had f - d me. Litchfield said No. D - n her, she never was f - d before. I cannot. He continued his attempt till I felt him in my body.</p>
<p>Q. Did you feel any thing come from him?</p>
<p>Curtain. I did. I struggled, and did all in my power to prevent him, but he kept me down, and tired me till I had no strength. After that we went away, and found assistance from the gentlemen that appeared on the other trial. We craved their assistance, and they took us into the public house.</p>
<p>Q. Was you examined by the midwife?</p>
<p>Curtain. I was. Mrs. Ham examined me.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner attempt your body after this?</p>
<p>Curtain. He did. But I cannot tell rightly whether he did enter my body a second time or not, I was in such a fright.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell your story to the gentlemen at the Nag's head the same as here?</p>
<p>Curtain. I did. And the same before the justice the next morning.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see Litchfield in Newgate since?</p>
<p>Curtain. I did. The woman where I lodge told me what a dreadful thing it was to have a man hang'd for me: she desired me to go and speak to him.</p>
<p>Q. Was she acquainted with him?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280016"/>Curtain. She never saw him in her life. I went, his wife was there; she said she had been seeking me all the day. I stood just by the gate; she said she would be very glad if I would stay till she came out. He told his wife there is the young woman. I thought I saw him through the rails, but I did not speak to him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to the prisoner's father.</p>
<p>Curtain. The prisoner's wife got me to some relation, it was not his father. When she begged of me to go, I said, I will not go till my sister knows of it. They said they would give me any thing in the world if I would make it up. I said I would not without my master's consent. I did not know the consequence of it. Mr. Lennell was my master. I lived a little time with Mr. Ryland, a copper-plate printer in the Old Baily, after that.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go through a hay field going to the Bull-head?</p>
<p>Curtain. Yes. Brooks said that was the pleasantest way.</p>
<p>Q. Did not the men play with you upon the hay?</p>
<p>Curtain. Brooks said he would kiss
<persName id="t17690628-9-person130"> Mary Warnett
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person130" type="surname" value="Warnett"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person130" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> on the hay, and he wanted to kiss me, but I got away from him. I did not tumble on the hay.</p>
<p>Q. Did the people call to you?</p>
<p>Curtain. They called to Brooks. Litchfield did not insist upon it so much.</p>
<p>Q. How did Litchfield behave at the Bull?</p>
<p>Curtain. He behaved very civilly, for he never offered to kiss my lips there.</p>
<p>Q. What did you mean when you said to him, Could not you as well take us up half the field as to drag us all this way?</p>
<p>Curtain. I thought he wanted to have his will of me, therefore I thought he might as well have his will half the way as to go so far, and I thought we should be nearer to people to hear us.</p>
<p>Q. Did you think of that at that time?</p>
<p>Curtain. I did.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you go into the field?</p>
<p>Curtain. I cannot recollect that; we were in the field an hour, or more, I dare say.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you been in the field before he entered you?</p>
<p>Curtain. He did that in less than half an hour.</p>
<p>Q. Had he tried to persuade you to consent?</p>
<p>Curtain. He said nothing to me before, but then he swore if I would not let him, he would kill me.</p>
<p>Q. Was he drunk or sober?</p>
<p>Curtain. I think he was very sober: he threw my hat by, and threw the hay about before he threw me down. I begged of him to go to the other young woman when the other fellow called; he called to Litchfield, and said, Have you done her once? Litchfield said, I have. Brooks said, Then blast your eyes, why don't you f - k her again? When he strewed the hay about, I was standing by the other young woman as she was struggling.</p>
<p>Q. How far was this from the road?</p>
<p>Curtain. This was the length of a great field.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you not run away?</p>
<p>Curtain. I was afraid, they had two dogs with them, and I was afraid they would set the dogs at me. He went to hawl Brooks off, and Brooks said, No, blast your eyes, I will stay all night. Upon that Litchfield took hold of him and hawled him off; then she begged of Litchfield to take hold of her; he set her at liberty, and Brooks lay on the ground flat on his back, and did not stir for some time. I was told that I should say I would not hurt a hair of Litchfield's head, but I never said no such thing. I said I should be very sorry a person should be hanged on my account, but if he deserved it, I could not help it.</p>
<p>Q. Should you have been willing to have made it up, if no harm had come to you?</p>
<p>Curtain. I should.</p>
<p>Q. Have you not declared you spent that afternoon in a very agreeable manner?</p>
<p>Curtain. I have declared so, only they would not let us go home.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not declare you had spent the afternoon with as much pleasure as ever you had in your life?</p>
<p>Curtain. I did. They used us very well till that happened.</p>
<p>Q. Have you not said the prisoner had done you no harm, unless you should prove with child?</p>
<p>Curtain. No. For the midwife told me I had got the foul disease, and I found myself very sore and much hurt.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person131"> Elizabeth Ham
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person131" type="surname" value="Ham"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person131" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person131" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I examined Curtain on Friday the 23d, at the justices request at the rotation. I did not find at that time that there had been any violence offered, for the situation she was in, that attends women, prevented my making observations. I examined her last Wednesday again, I did not find any appearance that gave me room to think she had received any injury. I thought she did not appear to have been used
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280017"/> with any violence lately, but the discharge she had before might have taken off the inflammation.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath can you say whether she was a virgin or not?</p>
<p>E. Ham. I will not venture to say she was, or was not I thought there was something of a little venereal complaint: there was something of a running, but I cannot answer what it could be.</p>
<p>Q. How old do you take her to be?</p>
<p>E. Ham. I should imagine her to be about eighteen. Whether the appearance I observed the second time was natural or by force, I cannot say.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person132"> Robert Ham
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person132" type="surname" value="Ham"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person132" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Last Thursday was a week, I saw Curtain first by the Nag's-head in Hackney road, about the hour of ten in the evening; there were, Mr. Wooden, Mr. Thodey and Mr. Dunkin with me; the last is not here: when we were coming out of the field it was pretty dark, being a wet night, when the girls came to us and begged we would give them a protection: they said they had been cruelly used by a couple of men. Warnett catched hold of me, and Curtain made up to another. Warnett said she had something to say. We did not seem to take much notice of them: we went into the house, and the girls and the two men followed us in. The girls told us they had been ravished in the fields.</p>
<p>Q. Did Curtain say she had been ravished?</p>
<p>R. Ham. She did; that was, she said, by the prisoner at the bar. The prisoner desired me not to mind them, but said they had lived with them some time. The girls said they had never seen them before that afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner mention he had lived with one of them?</p>
<p>R. Ham. He did. Brooks said he had lived with one seven months. Curtain appeared very much frighted: they both cryed very much, and begged our assistance. There were two dogs with them, one with a collar about his neck, and Mellar upon it. Brooks said the dog was his. They were about the size of a spanniel. The prisoner behaved different from the other: the other said he would not be tied. I attended the justices the next morning Curtain told the same story there as she has now, and as she told us that night.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was Curtain as much hurt as the other?</p>
<p>R. Ham. Curtain acknowledged she was not so cruelly used as the other; but whether in the house, or on the road, I cannot say.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person133"> Joseph Lennell
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person133" type="surname" value="Lennell"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person133" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Curtain once was my servant about four months, that is, about four months ago; she lived afterwards with Mr. Ryland. I gave her a character to Mr. Ryland.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>When I was pulling the hay out, she lay down as well as any girl in the world could do. I did not force her. Indeed she consented.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person134"> John Wright
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person134" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person134" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner twenty years. I live at Hyde-park corner, and am a coller maker. I work for his father. The prisoner in general has a good character, but he is apt to drink a little. His father is a cow-keeper, and rents 400 l. a year.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person135"> John Tufnail
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person135" type="surname" value="Tufnail"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person135" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner between three and fours years. I never knew any harm of him</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person136"> Samuel Ord
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person136" type="surname" value="Ord"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person136" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Pig-street, Westminster, and am a plane maker. I have known him four years. I never heard any harm of him in my life. He will drink a littl e. He is a married man, and has been to about three years.</p>
<p>Q. Has he any children?</p>
<p>Ord. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person137"> Thomas Lang
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person137" type="surname" value="Lang"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person137" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a smith and live at Knight's-bridge. I have known him four or five years. I never heard any harm of him. He has a good character, for what I know.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person138"> William Forder
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person138" type="surname" value="Forder"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person138" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a baker and live near Oxford market. I have known him about three years, and never heard any ill of him. He was a scavenger. I used to draw bricks and scavenger for him. He kept six or seven horses and some carts.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person139"> John Minsey
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person139" type="surname" value="Minsey"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person139" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a publican. I have known him five or six years. He used my house, and always behaved decently and well in my house. I never heard any thing amiss of him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-9-person140"> Peter Spurnil
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person140" type="surname" value="Spurnil"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person140" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Hyde-park-corner. I have known him fourteen or fifteen years. He is a decent, modest, well-behaved man, as far as ever I heard.</p>
<p>Guilty.
<rs id="t17690628-9-punish50" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-9-punish50" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-9-defend125 t17690628-9-punish50"/> Death </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-9-verdict51" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-9-verdict51" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-9-verdict51" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Recommended </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>349 (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-10-defend142" type="defendantName"> John Pool
<interp inst="t17690628-10-defend142" type="surname" value="Pool"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-defend142" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-defend142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-10-off52" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-10-off52" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-off52" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 30 lb. weight of pieces of wax candles, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-10-victim144" type="victimName"> Jane Coggs
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim144" type="surname" value="Coggs"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim144" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690628-10-victim146" type="victimName"> Sarah Coggs
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim146" type="surname" value="Coggs"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim146" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim146" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690628-10-victim148" type="victimName"> Thomas Crump
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim148" type="surname" value="Crump"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim148" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-10-victim148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-10-cd53" type="crimeDate">April 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-10-off52 t17690628-10-cd53"/>. +</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-10-viclabel54" type="occupation">The prosecutors manufacture their wax-chandlery business</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-10-victim144 t17690628-10-viclabel54"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-10-victim146 t17690628-10-viclabel54"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-10-victim148 t17690628-10-viclabel54"/> at Chelsea. The prisoner's brother was their porter. The prisoner was apprehended by Mr. Ford, a wax-chandler, in offering part of the said wax to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280018"/> sale at an under price. He confessed he had them of a near relation, who was in a good place, and had twelve pounds a year, and was to have his master's left-off clothes, which answered to the agreement betwixt Mr. Crump and the prisoner's brother, and that the prisoner's brother had absconded.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-10-verdict55" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-10-verdict55" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-11">
<interp inst="t17690628-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-11-off56-c127" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-11-defend149 t17690628-11-off56 t17690628-11-verdict59"/>
<p>350. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-11-defend149" type="defendantName"> William Acton
<interp inst="t17690628-11-defend149" type="surname" value="Acton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-defend149" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-defend149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-11-off56" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-11-off56" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-off56" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a hand saw, value 12 d. and a tenant saw, value 12 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-11-victim151" type="victimName"> Edward Dyson
<interp inst="t17690628-11-victim151" type="surname" value="Dyson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-victim151" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-victim151" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-11-off56 t17690628-11-victim151"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17690628-11-cd57" type="crimeDate">June 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-11-off56 t17690628-11-cd57"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-11-person152"> Edward Dyson
<interp inst="t17690628-11-person152" type="surname" value="Dyson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-person152" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at work at a building at
<placeName id="t17690628-11-crimeloc58">Marybone</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-crimeloc58" type="placeName" value="Marybone"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-crimeloc58" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-11-off56 t17690628-11-crimeloc58"/> and left my two saws in the building and went to dinner. The prisoner was taken with them by the next witness.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-11-person153"> Peter Lapthorp
<interp inst="t17690628-11-person153" type="surname" value="Lapthorp"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-person153" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner got in at a window, and as he was coming out I took him with the saws upon him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-11-verdict59" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-11-verdict59" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-verdict59" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17690628-11-punish60" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-11-punish60" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-11-punish60" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-11-defend149 t17690628-11-punish60"/> W </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-12">
<interp inst="t17690628-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-12-off61-c131" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-12-defend155 t17690628-12-off61 t17690628-12-verdict65"/>
<p>351. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-12-defend155" type="defendantName"> Mary Lary
<interp inst="t17690628-12-defend155" type="surname" value="Lary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-defend155" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-defend155" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-12-off61" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-12-off61" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-off61" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing eight dozen of linen handkerchiefs, value 40 s </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-12-victim157" type="victimName"> Felix Smith
<interp inst="t17690628-12-victim157" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-victim157" type="given" value="Felix"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-victim157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-12-off61 t17690628-12-victim157"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-12-cd62" type="crimeDate">June 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-12-off61 t17690628-12-cd62"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-12-person158"> Felix Smith
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person158" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person158" type="given" value="Felix"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17690628-12-viclabel63" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-12-victim157 t17690628-12-viclabel63"/>, and live at
<placeName id="t17690628-12-crimeloc64">Aldgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-crimeloc64" type="placeName" value="Aldgate"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-crimeloc64" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-12-off61 t17690628-12-crimeloc64"/>. I can only say the handkerchiefs in question, eight dozen and seven in the whole, are my property. There are my marks upon them. I was not in the shop when they were taken.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-12-person159"> Samuel Oaks
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person159" type="surname" value="Oaks"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person159" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was called to, and told that Mr. Smith had been robbed of some handkerchiefs. I saw the prisoner look back and then run. I followed her. She dropped the handkerchiefs, and ran on. I ran and took her, and brought her back</p>
<p>Thomas Walker. I am apprentice to Mr. Smith. I saw the prisoner stooping down at our shop door, and likewise saw her go out. I knew she had got something, but could not tell what then. I looked, and missed the handkerchiefs out of the window. She was pursued; and she and the handkerchiefs were brought back: they are my master's property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-12-person160"> John Stanton
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person160" type="surname" value="Stanton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person160" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-12-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the prisoner on the step of Mr. Smith's door, with some handkerchiefs under her cloak. I followed her, and saw her look back several times. She turned the corner of the Minories. My fellow-servant ran and brought her back, and I picked up the handkerchiefs.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never laid my eyes on the handkerchiefs.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-12-verdict65" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-12-verdict65" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-12-punish66" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-12-punish66" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-12-defend155 t17690628-12-punish66"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-13">
<interp inst="t17690628-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-13-off67-c136" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-13-defend161 t17690628-13-off67 t17690628-13-verdict70"/>
<p>352. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-13-defend161" type="defendantName"> Thomas Spicer
<interp inst="t17690628-13-defend161" type="surname" value="Spicer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-defend161" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-defend161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-13-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-13-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-13-victim163" type="victimName"> William Charlton
<interp inst="t17690628-13-victim163" type="surname" value="Charlton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-victim163" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-victim163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-13-off67 t17690628-13-victim163"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-13-cd68" type="crimeDate">June 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-13-off67 t17690628-13-cd68"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-13-person164"> William Charlton
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person164" type="surname" value="Charlton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person164" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in
<placeName id="t17690628-13-crimeloc69">St. Paul's Church-yard</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-crimeloc69" type="placeName" value="St. Paul's Church-yard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-crimeloc69" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-13-off67 t17690628-13-crimeloc69"/>, and
<persName id="t17690628-13-person165"> Charles Jollard
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person165" type="surname" value="Jollard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person165" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came and told me he saw the prisoner, pointing to him, take my handkerchief out of my pocket. I went and took him into a shop. I saw him take my handkerchief out, and throw it down. The constable took it up. He had two or three more besides mine.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-13-person166"> Charles Jollard
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person166" type="surname" value="Jollard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person166" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-13-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the chap at the bar standing at a print-shop in St. Paul's Church-yard: he put his hand into a great many gentlemen's pockets without taking any thing out. I was going on business; when I came back, there he was. I saw him take the prosecutor's handkerchief out of his pocket, and put it in his breeches. Then I went and told the prosecutor.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I am as innocent as the child unborn. I am but a poor lad, and get my living by drawing beer.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-13-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-13-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-13-punish71" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-13-punish71" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-13-defend161 t17690628-13-punish71"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-14">
<interp inst="t17690628-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-14-off73-c141" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-14-defend168 t17690628-14-off73 t17690628-14-verdict76"/>
<p>353. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-14-defend168" type="defendantName"> Sarah Proctor
<interp inst="t17690628-14-defend168" type="surname" value="Proctor"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-defend168" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-defend168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-14-deflabel72" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-14-defend168 t17690628-14-deflabel72"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-14-off73" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-14-off73" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-off73" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, val. 3 l. and one guinea </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690628-14-victim170" type="victimName"> Amos Asquith
<interp inst="t17690628-14-victim170" type="surname" value="Asquith"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-victim170" type="given" value="Amos"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-victim170" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-14-off73 t17690628-14-victim170"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-14-cd74" type="crimeDate">June 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-14-off73 t17690628-14-cd74"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-14-person171"> Amos Asquith
<interp inst="t17690628-14-person171" type="surname" value="Asquith"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-person171" type="given" value="Amos"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Between twelve and one in the morning, on the 10th of June, I was waiting for a man that had been with me; but leaning against a side of a house I fell asleep, near
<placeName id="t17690628-14-crimeloc75">St. Dunstan's Church, Fleetstreet</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-crimeloc75" type="placeName" value="St. Dunstan's Church, Fleetstreet"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-crimeloc75" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-14-off73 t17690628-14-crimeloc75"/>. I was awaked by the pulling of my watch out of my fob. The prisoner standing by me, and no body else near me, I said, Good woman, you have got my watch. She said she had not seen me. I felt in her bosom and felt a watch. I desired her to give it me, but she would not. I offered her a guinea to give it me. She snatched it out of my hand, and would not return either. Some company coming up, I saw her give the guinea to a man. I called the watch, and gave charge of the man and the prisoner, who were both carried to the watch-house. Before my Lord Mayor she denied all. The man was acquitted there. I am certain I had my watch in my pocket before I fell asleep.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-14-person172"> John Peter Risar
<interp inst="t17690628-14-person172" type="surname" value="Risar"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-person172" type="given" value="John Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-14-person172" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> . I was coming along Fleet-street; between twelve and one that night; I found this watch between Shoe-lane end and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280019"/> Fleet-market. (Produced in Court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.) Before my Lord Mayor she owned she gave the watch to one Powe.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>As I was coming down Fleetstreet, the man asked me if he should come with me, and because I would not let him, he said he had lost his watch, and had me taken to the watch-house.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-14-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-14-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-14-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-14-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-14-defend168 t17690628-14-punish77"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-15">
<interp inst="t17690628-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-15-off78-c145" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-15-defend174 t17690628-15-off78 t17690628-15-verdict81"/>
<p>354. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-15-defend174" type="defendantName"> John Clarke
<interp inst="t17690628-15-defend174" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-defend174" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-defend174" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-defend174" type="age" value="thirteen"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-15-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-15-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-15-victim176" type="victimName"> Charles Barry
<interp inst="t17690628-15-victim176" type="surname" value="Barry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-victim176" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-victim176" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-15-off78 t17690628-15-victim176"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-15-cd79" type="crimeDate">June 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-15-off78 t17690628-15-cd79"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-15-person177"> Charles Barry
<interp inst="t17690628-15-person177" type="surname" value="Barry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-person177" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Wednesday evening last I was at the end of
<placeName id="t17690628-15-crimeloc80">Church-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-crimeloc80" type="placeName" value="Church-street"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-crimeloc80" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-15-off78 t17690628-15-crimeloc80"/>, going home to Aldgate, about a quarter after nine o'clock when I felt something in my right hand pocket. I turned round and saw my handkerchief going. I laid hold of the prisoner, who had it in his hand. He threw it from him in the dirt.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>As I was going along the handkerchief laid down. I did not meddle with it. He said I had got it.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I hope his tender years will have some effect upon the honourable court.</p>
<p>He called his mother-in-law and
<persName id="t17690628-15-person178"> Judith Fundy
<interp inst="t17690628-15-person178" type="surname" value="Fundy"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-person178" type="given" value="Judith"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-person178" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who said they never saw an unhandsome thing by him; and that he was but thirteen years of age.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-15-verdict81" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-15-verdict81" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-15-punish82" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-15-punish82" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-15-punish82" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-15-defend174 t17690628-15-punish82"/> W </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-16">
<interp inst="t17690628-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-16-off84-c149" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-16-defend180 t17690628-16-off84 t17690628-16-verdict87"/>
<p>355. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-16-defend180" type="defendantName"> Sarah Belcher
<interp inst="t17690628-16-defend180" type="surname" value="Belcher"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-defend180" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-defend180" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-16-deflabel83" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-16-defend180 t17690628-16-deflabel83"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-16-off84" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-16-off84" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-off84" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a mahogany tea chest, value 2 s. three tin caristers, a silver milk-pot, one silver tea spoon, a pair of silver tea tongs, and a linen napkin </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690628-16-victim182" type="victimName"> William Stiles
<interp inst="t17690628-16-victim182" type="surname" value="Stiles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-victim182" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-victim182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-16-off84 t17690628-16-victim182"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-16-cd85" type="crimeDate">June 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-16-off84 t17690628-16-cd85"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-16-person183"> William Stiles
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person183" type="surname" value="Stiles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person183" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at the corner of
<placeName id="t17690628-16-crimeloc86">Bell-yard, Temple-bar</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-crimeloc86" type="placeName" value="Bell-yard, Temple-bar"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-crimeloc86" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-16-off84 t17690628-16-crimeloc86"/>. I was out when the robbery was committed. The next day I found the things mentioned advertised by Justice Fielding.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-16-person184"> William Chipe
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person184" type="surname" value="Chipe"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person184" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at work at the prosecutor's. The prisoner came in and asked for the maid, on the 16th of June between seven and eight o'clock in the afternoon: she went up stairs to speak to the maid, but I did not see her when she came down.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-16-person185"> Daniel Hart
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person185" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person185" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at work in the shop, and saw her come in; she past me, and went up stairs; she came down in about six minutes with a bundle wrapped up in a cloth. I did not know what was in it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-16-person186"> Henry Wright
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person186" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person186" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-16-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Last Friday was sevennight, as I was going home, I went to the Two Blue Posts, and saw the prisoner there with a tea-chest by her. I asked her whose it was. She said it was nothing to me. I found a cream pot in her pocket. I carried her to Sir John Fielding's office. She was in liquor, and would give no account how she came by them. They were advertised. and Mr. Stiles came and owned them. (The chest and cream pot produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was very much in liquor; but I do not know that this is the person that belongs to the things.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-16-verdict87" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-16-verdict87" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-16-punish88" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-16-punish88" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-16-defend180 t17690628-16-punish88"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-17">
<interp inst="t17690628-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-17-off90-c155" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-17-defend187 t17690628-17-off90 t17690628-17-verdict93"/>
<p>356. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-17-defend187" type="defendantName"> Mary Youny ,
<rs id="t17690628-17-deflabel89" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-17-defend187 t17690628-17-deflabel89"/>, otherwise Mary, wife of Henry,
<rs id="t17690628-17-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-17-defend187 t17690628-17-alias-1"/>Robinson</rs>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-defend187" type="surname" value="Youny"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-defend187" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-defend187" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-17-off90" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-17-off90" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-off90" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two linen sheets, val. 5 s. one linen shirt, value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t17690628-17-victim190" type="victimName"> James Deyken
<interp inst="t17690628-17-victim190" type="surname" value="Deyken"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-victim190" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-victim190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and one linen shirt, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-17-victim192" type="victimName"> Richard Deykin
<interp inst="t17690628-17-victim192" type="surname" value="Deykin"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-victim192" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-victim192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-17-cd91" type="crimeDate">June 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-17-off90 t17690628-17-cd91"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-17-person193"> Mary Deyken
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person193" type="surname" value="Deyken"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person193" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person193" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17690628-17-crimeloc92">Woodstreet</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-crimeloc92" type="placeName" value="Woodstreet"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-crimeloc92" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-17-off90 t17690628-17-crimeloc92"/>. I saw the prisoner coming down the stairs, and asked her what she wanted. She said nothing. I asked to see what she had got, and pulled her apron down, and saw two sheets and two shirts. I called out, and said I was robbed! A constable was near. The sheets and one shirt was my husband's, and one shirt my brother's. She was very much in liquor.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing of it. They were not found in my apron.</p>
<p>She called
<persName id="t17690628-17-person194"> Sarah Bonner
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person194" type="surname" value="Bonner"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person194" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person194" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690628-17-person195"> Elizabeth Harper
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person195" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person195" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person195" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690628-17-person196"> Edward Ward
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person196" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person196" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who said she was a sober and an honest girl.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-17-verdict93" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-17-verdict93" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-verdict93" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17690628-17-punish94" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-17-punish94" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-17-punish94" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-17-defend187 t17690628-17-punish94"/> W </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-18">
<interp inst="t17690628-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-18-off95-c162" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-18-defend197 t17690628-18-off95 t17690628-18-verdict98"/>
<p>357. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-18-defend197" type="defendantName"> William Fletcher
<interp inst="t17690628-18-defend197" type="surname" value="Fletcher"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-defend197" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-defend197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-18-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-18-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pair of leather boots, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-18-victim199" type="victimName"> James Brownhill
<interp inst="t17690628-18-victim199" type="surname" value="Brownhill"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-victim199" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-victim199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-18-off95 t17690628-18-victim199"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-18-cd96" type="crimeDate">May 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-18-off95 t17690628-18-cd96"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-18-person200"> James Brownhill
<interp inst="t17690628-18-person200" type="surname" value="Brownhill"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-person200" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17690628-18-crimeloc97">Basinghall street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-crimeloc97" type="placeName" value="Basinghall street"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-crimeloc97" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-18-off95 t17690628-18-crimeloc97"/>. On Saturday morning, the 16th of May, as I was at breakfast I heard somebody in my shop; turning about I saw the prisoner with something in his hand. I went out after him, up Church-alley,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280020"/> into Aldermanbury. He ran. I called, Stop Thief! He was stopped; and him and my boots were brought to me. He had taken them from about three yards within the shop door, where they hung. At first he denied taking them; but, at last, he said he was very sorry, and would make me amends.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was in the shop to ask for a person, and went out again and took nothing.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-18-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-18-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-18-punish99" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-18-punish99" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-18-punish99" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-18-defend197 t17690628-18-punish99"/> B </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-19">
<interp inst="t17690628-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-19-off100-c165" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-19-defend202 t17690628-19-off100 t17690628-19-verdict101"/>
<p>358. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-19-defend202" type="defendantName"> Thomas James
<interp inst="t17690628-19-defend202" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-defend202" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-defend202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted,
<rs id="t17690628-19-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-19-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> together with
<persName id="t17690628-19-person203"> John Chambers
<interp inst="t17690628-19-person203" type="surname" value="Chambers"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-person203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690628-19-person204"> Joseph Crouther
<interp inst="t17690628-19-person204" type="surname" value="Crouther"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-person204" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-19-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and James Davis, not in custody, for stealing eleven new bars of iron. 300 lb. weight, value 11 s. </rs> the property of persons unknown.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-19-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-19-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-20">
<interp inst="t17690628-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-20-off102-c168" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-20-defend206 t17690628-20-off102 t17690628-20-verdict104"/>
<p>359. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-20-defend206" type="defendantName"> Richard Francis
<interp inst="t17690628-20-defend206" type="surname" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20-defend206" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20-defend206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-20-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-20-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing fourteen pair of iron shoe-buckles plated with silver, value 28 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-20-victim208" type="victimName"> John Rutter
<interp inst="t17690628-20-victim208" type="surname" value="Rutter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20-victim208" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-20-victim208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-20-off102 t17690628-20-victim208"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-20-cd103" type="crimeDate">May 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-20-off102 t17690628-20-cd103"/>. ||</p>
<p>This appeared not to be a felonious taking, but a misapplication of the money paid him for the use of his master</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-20-verdict104" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-20-verdict104" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-21">
<interp inst="t17690628-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-21-off105-c170" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-21-defend209 t17690628-21-off105 t17690628-21-verdict108"/>
<p>360. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-21-defend209" type="defendantName"> Colin Hay
<interp inst="t17690628-21-defend209" type="surname" value="Hay"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-defend209" type="given" value="Colin"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-defend209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-21-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-21-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a cloth great coat, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-21-victim210" type="victimName"> Walter Feild
<interp inst="t17690628-21-victim210" type="surname" value="Feild"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-victim210" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-victim210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-21-off105 t17690628-21-victim210"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-21-cd106" type="crimeDate">June 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-21-off105 t17690628-21-cd106"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-21-person211"> Walter Field
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person211" type="surname" value="Field"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person211" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the first of June I lost many things; but found nothing on the prisoner but a cloth great coat, which I found upon him the same day. I am a
<rs id="t17690628-21-viclabel107" type="occupation">publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-21-victim210 t17690628-21-viclabel107"/>. He came to my house and called for a pint of beer. The coat being at the further end of the club room, my little boy said, Mind that thief! he never comes here but he robs us of something. I went out about my business. My wife can give a farther account.</p>
<p>Mrs. Feild. I am wife to the prosecutor. After my husband was gone out, I heard the club room door move. I ordered my little boy to go up and see what the prisoner was about. He came down and said the prisoner at the bar had stole his dada's great coat. It was too big to be hid under his coat, for the flap of it hung out. I laid hold of it. He took and threw it out at the window, held up his fist at me, and got out: he made a full stop to take up the coat, but did not take it. I went out and called, Stop thief! He cried Stop thief! all the way he ran. He was taken in about two or three hundred yards. My child is about nine years old.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-21-person212"> Mary Jones
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person212" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person212" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person212" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live next door to the prosecutor. I was going to sit down in the box by the prisoner. He said he was going out about business. After that I heard the child say he had got something in the club room. I heard a great tussel. After that he drove out of the house, and Mrs. Feild after him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-21-person213"> Edward Millicote
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person213" type="surname" value="Millicote"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person213" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the prisoner run, and the child after him. He was taken, and I had the charge given to me of him.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had not the coat at all.</p>
<p>Mrs. Feild. The prisoner confessed before Justice Girdler, that he had the coat.</p>
<p>The prisoner called
<persName id="t17690628-21-person214"> John Kelly
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person214" type="surname" value="Kelly"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person214" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-21-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who said he believed him to be an honest man.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-21-verdict108" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-21-verdict108" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-21-punish109" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-21-punish109" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-21-defend209 t17690628-21-punish109"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-22">
<interp inst="t17690628-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-22-off110-c176" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-22-defend215 t17690628-22-off110 t17690628-22-verdict113"/>
<p>361. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-22-defend215" type="defendantName"> HENRY FINDAL , otherwise
<rs id="t17690628-22-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-22-defend215 t17690628-22-alias-2"/>Norman</rs>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-defend215" type="surname" value="FINDAL"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-defend215" type="given" value="HENRY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-defend215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-22-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-22-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a two-handled silver cup, value 20 s. a silver pepper box, value 5 s. a silver cream jug, value 10 s. three silver table spoons, value 12 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-22-victim218" type="victimName"> Benjamin Gee
<interp inst="t17690628-22-victim218" type="surname" value="Gee"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-victim218" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-victim218" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-22-off110 t17690628-22-victim218"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-22-cd111" type="crimeDate">May 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-22-off110 t17690628-22-cd111"/>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-22-person219"> Benjamin Gee
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person219" type="surname" value="Gee"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person219" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17690628-22-viclabel112" type="occupation">baker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-22-victim218 t17690628-22-viclabel112"/>. I know nothing of the robbery. On the 25th of May, about a quarter after six in the morning, I was alarmed by a number of people at my door. I jumped out of bed, but before I had got my things on, my servant came up and told me somebody had stole a cup. I went down as soon as I could: there I found the prisoner in custody of some of my neighbours servants. There were the different articles as laid in the indictment upon the counter. They told me there was the prisoner, and the things that he had stole. (Produced in court and deposed to.) I sent for a constable, and he was committed.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-22-person220"> Ann Newton
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person220" type="surname" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person220" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person220" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to the prosecutor. I happened to get up that morning: as I opened the door I heard the spoons gingle, and saw the prisoner stepping out of the parlour into the shop. He ran out, and I after him as soon as I could, and called, Stop thief! He was taken by Mr. Hatton, a butcher, that lives near us. I saw him throw down the things at the bottom of the court (mentioning them); they were taken up by some man and delivered to me. The prisoner was taken in about ten minutes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-22-person221"> Philip Hatton
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person221" type="surname" value="Hatton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person221" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the prisoner throw some things out of his hand, which appeared to be silver. I followed him, and never lost sight of him till I took him in about two hundred yards. I brought him to Mr. Gee's house.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I am a leather clog maker. I had been in Windmill-street to buy some leather, and as I was coming along I saw a mob running, who called Stop thief! and they accused me with the affair, sir.</p>
<p>He called John Lake,
<persName id="t17690628-22-person222"> Matthias Gray
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person222" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person222" type="given" value="Matthias"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690628-22-person223"> James Mitchel
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person223" type="surname" value="Mitchel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person223" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690628-22-person224"> Jane Wine
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person224" type="surname" value="Wine"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person224" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-22-person224" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and - Robinson, who said they looked upon him to be an honest man.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-22-verdict113" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-22-verdict113" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-22-punish114" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-22-punish114" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-22-defend215 t17690628-22-punish114"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-23">
<interp inst="t17690628-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-23-off116-c184" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-23-defend226 t17690628-23-off116 t17690628-23-verdict118"/>
<p>362. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-23-defend226" type="defendantName"> Moses Alexander
<interp inst="t17690628-23-defend226" type="surname" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-defend226" type="given" value="Moses"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-defend226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-23-deflabel115" type="occupation">merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-23-defend226 t17690628-23-deflabel115"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-23-off116" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-23-off116" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-off116" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging an indorsement, the name John Brown, on a bill of exchange </rs>, to this purport:</p>
<p>"Leeds
<rs id="t17690628-23-cd117" type="crimeDate">19th of Jan. 1768</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-23-off116 t17690628-23-cd117"/>.</p>
<p>Six weeks after date pay to Mr. John Brown,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280023"/> or order, 98 l. 6 s. value received, as advised by
<persName id="t17690628-23-person227"> Richard Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person227" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person227" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ."</p>
<p>Directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17690628-23-person228"> Nathaniel Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person228" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person228" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , No. 23, Princes-street, near the Royal Exchange, London, and publishing the same, well knowing it to have been forged, with intent to defraud Ralph and
<persName id="t17690628-23-victim230" type="victimName"> Robert Fryer
<interp inst="t17690628-23-victim230" type="surname" value="Fryer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-victim230" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-victim230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The witnesses were examined apart.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-victim232" type="victimName"> Ralph Fryer
<interp inst="t17690628-23-victim232" type="surname" value="Fryer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-victim232" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-victim232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I received this bill (holding one in his hand) the 23d of January, 1768, of Mr. Ive; it is for 98 l. 6 s. I saw the prisoner about two or three days after in our counting-house. He said he was very sorry he could not oblige me with an hundred pounds, but he had sent me a very good bill on Mr. Aked (that is this bill in my hand ). I believe I had not discounted it.</p>
<p>Q. What day in January was this that you had this conversation with him?</p>
<p>Fryer. It might be about the 26th. I never saw Mr. Alexander to my knowledge before. He told me he should not want it for some time. He applied to me the 29th of January, 1768, for 20 l. I let him have it. He applied to me the 1st of February for 20 l. more. I told him then I thought he did it to serve himself and not me, for it was of no service to me to come to me for the money so soon after. I imagined he would lend me the bill till it became due. He told me he had some particular payments to make, and he had been disappointed, but he should not come any more for some time. He came again on the 8th of February, then I let him have 30 l. more; that was 70 l. in all. I believe then I told him pretty much the same as I did the second time. He told me he wanted the money, and he must have it. He applied the 26th of February for ten pounds, then I lent him ten pounds; this was money lent, because we had some other bills between us. When the bill became due, it was presented for payment, which was the 4th of March: it was noted, protested, and brought to me, and I paid the money. He gave me a note of hand to be accountable for this bill of 98 l. 6 s. I believe on the 12th of March I insisted upon him either to indorse the bill, or give me a memorandum to be accountable for the value of it. After that I never thought any thing about the writing. Then I thought there was a great deal of likeness between the writing of the memorandum, and the indorsement John Brown. I told him I thought John Brown and he learned at school by one master. He asked me why. I told him, because I thought there was a good deal of likeness in the writing. He said, One man may write like another. I told him I thought the indorsement, John Brown, was his hand-writing. He answered, It was immaterial to me, but I should have my money in two or three days. I had asked him several times about John Brown, but he never would give me an answer where he lived; but said I should have the money in a few days. He desired I would not trouble my head about it.</p>
<p>Q. Who was this bill presented to?</p>
<p>Fryer. To Mr. Aked's house in Prince's-street. I discounted the bill with Fothering and Barber in Watling-street. I gave them the cash for it. After I received the bill I went to Mr.
<persName id="t17690628-23-person233"> Nathaniel Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person233" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person233" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> myself. I could not see him, but he came to me and refused and protested it; so I paid it. I wrote to
<persName id="t17690628-23-person234"> Richard Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person234" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person234" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> two or three times, and I received for answer from him, That he never wrote such a bill in his life. I shewed Richard Aked's letter to the prisoner, and I believe I shewed it to Mr. Ive.</p>
<p>Q. What past between you and the prisoner?</p>
<p>Fryer. He proposed he would take up the 98 l. 6 s. bill in a few days. I applied a great many times for the money. He told me I should have it in a few days; sometimes the next day; sometimes in two or three days.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen the prisoner write?</p>
<p>Fryer. I have.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the words John Brown on the back of this bill, and tell me whose hand-writing you take it to be.</p>
<p>Fryer. I told the prisoner I believed it to be his own, and I believe it now.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know such a man as John Brown?</p>
<p>Fryer. No; I know no such man; nor could I ever learn from the prisoner where he was.</p>
<p>Q. By what do you form your judgment, that this is the prisoner's hand-writing?</p>
<p>Fryer. By having seen him write this memorandum, and by receiving several letters from him.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Will you swear you ever saw him write any thing besides this memorandum?</p>
<p>Fryer. No; I will not swear I have.</p>
<p>Q. How came you not to prosecute him sooner?</p>
<p>Fryer. It was through his promises that we should have the money.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to change your mind and prefer this bill?</p>
<p>Fryer. Mr. Aked of Leeds insisted upon it that we should find out the forgery. The prisoner had promised, from time to time, we
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280024"/> should have the money, and we became bankrupts, which put it out of our power to prefer a bill against him or any one else. There were several people that gave me reason to believe it was a forgery. Tatlock and Parry did.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person235"> William Parry
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person235" type="surname" value="Parry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person235" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner several years, and have seen him write often.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the body of this bill and the indorsement, and tell whose hand-writing you take it to be.</p>
<p>Parry. I take both the body and indorsement to be the prisoner's hand-writing.</p>
<p>The bill read.</p>
<p>"Leeds, 19th of Jan. 1768.</p>
<p>Six weeks after date pay to Mr. John Brown, or order, 98 l. 6 s. value received, as advised by
<persName id="t17690628-23-person236"> Richard Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person236" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person236" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ."</p>
<p>Directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17690628-23-person237"> Nathaniel Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person237" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person237" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , No 23, Prince's-street, near the Royal Exchange, London. On the back, John Brown.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the acceptance, N. A.</p>
<p>Parry. That I can't swear to; but the body of the bill, the direction, and indorsement, John Brown, I swear to.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you advise the prosecutor to prosecute?</p>
<p>Parry. No, I never did. I did intimate it was a forgery.</p>
<p>Q. Have you not called upon Mr. Fryer?</p>
<p>Parry. I have. I went there by the advice of Mr. Whitaker.</p>
<p>Q. Is there not a bill filed against you in the Court of Exchequer by Mr. Belcher?</p>
<p>Parry. There is a bill filed against me in the Court of Exchequer, and I have put in my answer. It is a cause between Chantrey and me, and not between Mr. Belcher and me.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath is not the prisoner a material witness for Mr. Belcher?</p>
<p>Parry. I cannot tell what witness he can be.</p>
<p>Counsel. Mr. Whitaker is an assignee for Mr. Fryer.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person238"> John Woodhouse
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person238" type="surname" value="Woodhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person238" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner ever since last Christmas was twelve months. I have seen him write several times.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the body of this bill. (He takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>Woodhouse. I take it to be the prisoner's handwriting, and the indorsement also.</p>
<p>Q. Do you take the acceptance to be his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Woodhouse. That I can't swear to; the other I look upon to be his natural hand-writing, the same that he transacts business with. There does not appear to be any attempt to vary in the body of it, or the indorsement.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person239"> Charles Tatlock
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person239" type="surname" value="Tatlock"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person239" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner three, four or five years. I have seen him write a great many times.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the body of this bill, and tell whose hand-writing it is. (He takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>Tatlock. I believe it to be the prisoner's handwriting, and the indorsement I believe to be the same.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever apply to Mr. Fryer about a prosecution in this cause?</p>
<p>Tatlock. No, I never did: I have no business in the prosecution at all. I never had any connections with Mr. Fryer. I have had too many with the prisoner. There was a large sum due to me from Mr.
<persName id="t17690628-23-person240"> Alexander
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person240" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> some time about July or August last. Mr. Alexander came to me and desired me to help him to some money to pay the bills which Mr. Brees had of Fryer, otherwise he said he should not be able to go about his business; but he must go out of the country, because they were forged.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person241"> Thomas Dyer
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person241" type="surname" value="Dyer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person241" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Alexander five or six years. I have seen him write a great number of times.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the body of this bill. (He takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>Dyer. I believe this to be Mr. Alexander's hand-writing, and the indorsement I believe to be the same.</p>
<p>Cross-Examination.</p>
<p>Q. At whose suit was the prisoner taken into custody?</p>
<p>Dyer. He was taken at my suit. I arrested him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person242"> Ralph Fryer
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person242" type="surname" value="Fryer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person242" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This bill was in my hands in August last. I delivered it to Mr. Brees, the assignee.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person243"> James Brees
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person243" type="surname" value="Brees"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person243" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an assignee of Mr. Fryers. This draft came into my hands the beginning of September.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I borrowed the bill in question to raise cash, and though I wanted it myself, I lent it to Mr. Fryer to raise money for him. John Brown had
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280025"/> put his name to several bills drawn upon his master payable to me, on purpose to raise cash as a friend of theirs. I nether forged it, neither do I know it to be a forgery, nor do I believe it to be one. As to Brown, he is now in France, and I cannot have his testimony. Supposing the name was not his hand-writing, it might be written by virtue of a power from him; but that is a matter of which I am very ignorant, and I believe it to be the hand-writing of that Brown, and therefore I humbly submit it there can be no charge against me.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person244"> Nathaniel Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person244" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person244" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . John Brown was my clerk for about six months, he was so in February 1768. He is now gone abroad. I have seen him write many times. (He takes the bill in his hand.) Here is the name John Brown to this bill. I am very certain this is his hand-writing. I will look no further, that is his hand-writing. He was my clerk in Prince's Street, near the Mansion house.</p>
<p>Q. Is the body of the bill in his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Aked. No: that is not. That I am sure of.</p>
<p>Q. When did he leave you?</p>
<p>Aked. He left me I believe in June. He came to me about the 2d of January.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see this bill before it was put into your hands now?</p>
<p>N. Aked. I did.</p>
<p>Q. For what purpose?</p>
<p>N. Aked. For acceptance. I would have paid it, but I never saw it after it became due.</p>
<p>Q. Where did your brother
<persName id="t17690628-23-person245"> Richard Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person245" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person245" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> live at that time?</p>
<p>N. Aked. He lived at Leeds.</p>
<p>Q. Whose hand-writing is the body of it?</p>
<p>N. Aked. That is my brother's hand-writing. I have no doubt of it. If I had had any doubt, I would not have accepted it.</p>
<p>Q. When was the first of your hearing there was to be this trial?</p>
<p>N. Aked. The first time of my hearing of this trial being in agitation was yesterday.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know how your brother came to draw this bill upon your clerk?</p>
<p>N. Aked. My brother was then a little out of money, and this was drawn to keep the credit up.</p>
<p>Q. Has there been no application to you to pay this bill?</p>
<p>N. Aked. I never heard of it: if they had come, I would have paid it.</p>
<p>Q. Have you known any instances where Brown has lent his name to Alexander?</p>
<p>N. Aked. That I can't remember.</p>
<p>Q. Who brought the bill to you for acceptance?</p>
<p>N. Aked. I do not know.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-23-person246"> Robert Donilson
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person246" type="surname" value="Donilson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person246" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I knew John Brown. He was clerk to Mr.
<persName id="t17690628-23-person247"> Nathaniel Aked
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person247" type="surname" value="Aked"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person247" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-23-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in Prince's Street. I can't say how long he lived there. I believe it was about the beginning of the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty-eight when I knew him there.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-23-verdict118" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-23-verdict118" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-23-punish119" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-23-punish119" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-23-defend226 t17690628-23-punish119"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>See him tried for two crimes of the same nature, No. 42. and No. 211. in this mayoralty.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-24">
<interp inst="t17690628-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-24-off120-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-24-defend249 t17690628-24-off120 t17690628-24-verdict124"/>
<p>363. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-24-defend249" type="defendantName"> William Murphy
<interp inst="t17690628-24-defend249" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-defend249" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-defend249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-24-off120" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-24-off120" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-off120" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a white cloth frock coat, value 5 s. a new cloth frock coat, value 5 s. a red and white silk and cotton waistcoat, value 3 s. and a red cloth waistcoat laced with gold, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-24-victim251" type="victimName"> Michael Hudson
<interp inst="t17690628-24-victim251" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-victim251" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-victim251" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-24-off120 t17690628-24-victim251"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-24-viclabel121" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-24-victim251 t17690628-24-viclabel121"/>;
<rs id="t17690628-24-cd122" type="crimeDate">June 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-24-off120 t17690628-24-cd122"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-24-person252"> Michael Hudson
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person252" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person252" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; The day before yesterday in the morning, when I came down stairs, the prisoner (who was my
<rs id="t17690628-24-deflabel123" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-24-defend249 t17690628-24-deflabel123"/>) asked me whether I had my scarlet and gold waistcoat above stairs. I said No. I found the back kitchen door open. I took notice to my coachman that the place where the clothes used to be was in disorder. I suspected things had been taken away. I looked, and missed the clothes mentioned, and expressed my surprize to him that the person that had taken these clothes had not taken more; because there were more clothes in that chest which they might have taken. I thought this must have been done by somebody that belonged to my family. I said I would go to a magistrate. I asked him what time he got up. He said about six; but he seldom got up so early. The coachman agreed it was extraordinary, and the more so, as the back door had been shut fast the night before. When at breakfast, I talked of going before Major
<persName id="t17690628-24-person253"> Spinnage
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person253" type="given" value="Spinnage"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person253" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> . The prisoner expressed a great desire to have it inquired into. He wished it might be cleared up. I said, You can have no objection to going before the Major to have it inquired into. He went with me. When we came there, many circumstances made me suspect the prisoner. At last we found where he had been the night before. The servants
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280026"/> had informed me he had been out twice that night. He told me he had been to see one Sharp, who had been his fellow servant when he lived with Lord Douglas. I went there, and found a bundle in a trunk which was broke open; there I found my white frock, and silk and cotton waistcoat. (Produced and deposed to.) Then before Mr. Spinnage the prisoner was asked particularly about the scarlet waistcoat. He said he had flung it down the necessary. I sent for a carpenter to search in the necessary-house, but there was no such thing found.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-24-person254"> Richard Sharp
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person254" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person254" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Phelps. There was a bundle brought on Monday last to our house by the prisoner at near nine at night, he carried it down stairs and put it into a box which I had given him two months before, and locked it up, and took the key with him. After that he came again some time in the evening, but then I was out; but I found him in the kitchen when I came home. I was by when Major
<persName id="t17690628-24-person255"> Spinnage
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person255" type="given" value="Spinnage"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person255" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> came and opened the box, and I saw these things taken out. I once lived fellow servant with the prisoner a year and a half.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-24-person256"> John Matthews
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person256" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person256" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-24-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was by when these things were brought in; I asked the prisoner if they were his master's, he said they were.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I did carry the clothes there. I was brushing them, and I took them under my arm to Sharp, and left them there that night, intending to fetch them back again the next day, and being in a hurry brushing the blue and gold coat in the yard, I threw it on the necessary, and it fell in.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-24-verdict124" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-24-verdict124" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-24-punish125" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-24-punish125" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-24-defend249 t17690628-24-punish125"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-25">
<interp inst="t17690628-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-25-off126-c211" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-25-defend258 t17690628-25-off126 t17690628-25-verdict129"/>
<p>364. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-25-defend258" type="defendantName"> Daniel Strutt
<interp inst="t17690628-25-defend258" type="surname" value="Strutt"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-defend258" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-defend258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-25-off126" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-25-off126" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-off126" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing a bay gelding, value 3 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-25-victim259" type="victimName"> Gamelia Key
<interp inst="t17690628-25-victim259" type="surname" value="Key"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-victim259" type="given" value="Gamelia"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-victim259" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-25-off126 t17690628-25-victim259"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-25-cd127" type="crimeDate">May 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-25-off126 t17690628-25-cd127"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-25-person260"> John Evans
<interp inst="t17690628-25-person260" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-person260" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Gamelia Key, at the Harrow at Ardley in Essex. He lost a bay gelding from out of the marsh in
<placeName id="t17690628-25-crimeloc128">Ardley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-crimeloc128" type="placeName" value="Ardley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-25-crimeloc128" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-25-off126 t17690628-25-crimeloc128"/> parish on the 29th of May. The horse had a Switz tail and his off eye was out.</p>
<p>Q. What was the prisoner?</p>
<p>Evans. He had worked about our neighbourhood all the winter. He owned before the bench of Justices he stole the horse. William Green of Bethnal Green sent word the horse was with him; there I found him. He is the property of Gamelia Key.</p>
<p>William Green. I live at Bethnal Green. I keep a chandler's shop and deal in horses. My son had bought a horse of the prisoner at the bar, at Hounslow fair, which was stolen, and he was taken from him. He meeting with the prisoner on a bay one eyed horse with a Switz tail, took him in custody, and brought the horse to my house, which proved to be the prosecutor's horse. He bought him on the 1st of June. I asked the prisoner who the horse belonged to, he told me he belonged to Mr. Key at Ardley. I sent word to Mr. Key, and the evidence came and owned him as his master Mr. Key's property.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-25-verdict129" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-25-verdict129" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-25-punish130" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-25-punish130" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-25-defend258 t17690628-25-punish130"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>There was another indictment against him for stealing another gelding.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-26">
<interp inst="t17690628-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-26-off131-c214" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-26-defend261 t17690628-26-off131 t17690628-26-verdict134"/>
<p>365. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-26-defend261" type="defendantName"> Alice Johnson , otherwise wife of John
<rs id="t17690628-26-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-26-defend261 t17690628-26-alias-3"/>Farr</rs>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-defend261" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-defend261" type="given" value="Alice John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-defend261" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-26-off131" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-26-off131" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-off131" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a pewter dish, value 2 s. two pewter plates, value 2 s. two copper sauce-pans, value 2 s. a copper cover, value 2 d. a copper stew-pan, an iron gridiron, a flat iron, a pair of linen sheets, two blankets, one counterpane, one bolster, one pillow, a copper tea-kettle, and a coffee-pot </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690628-26-victim265" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Fowler
<interp inst="t17690628-26-victim265" type="surname" value="Fowler"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-victim265" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-victim265" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-26-off131 t17690628-26-victim265"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-26-viclabel132" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-26-victim265 t17690628-26-viclabel132"/>,
<rs id="t17690628-26-cd133" type="crimeDate">April 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-26-off131 t17690628-26-cd133"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-26-person266"> Elizabeth Fowler
<interp inst="t17690628-26-person266" type="surname" value="Fowler"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-person266" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-person266" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner lived in my house, after she was gone these goods were all missing. I found them again at two pawnbrokers. (Several of the articles produced in Court and deposed to)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>She would have made it up for sixteen shillings.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. She wanted to make it up, but I was not willing.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-26-verdict134" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-26-verdict134" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-26-verdict134" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs>
<rs id="t17690628-26-punish135" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-26-punish135" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-26-defend261 t17690628-26-punish135"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-27">
<interp inst="t17690628-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-27-off137-c217" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-27-defend268 t17690628-27-off137 t17690628-27-verdict141"/>
<p>366. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-27-defend268" type="defendantName"> Sarah Hunter
<interp inst="t17690628-27-defend268" type="surname" value="Hunter"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-defend268" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-defend268" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-27-deflabel136" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-27-defend268 t17690628-27-deflabel136"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-27-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-27-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="infanticide"/> the wilful murder of her male bastard child </rs>. She good charged on the coroner's inquest for the said murder,
<rs id="t17690628-27-cd138" type="crimeDate">May 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-27-off137 t17690628-27-cd138"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-27-person269"> Ann Richards
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person269" type="surname" value="Richards"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person269" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person269" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mrs. Steer at
<placeName id="t17690628-27-crimeloc139">Edmonton</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-crimeloc139" type="placeName" value="Edmonton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-crimeloc139" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-27-off137 t17690628-27-crimeloc139"/>. The prisoner was servant in the same family: she was the
<rs id="t17690628-27-deflabel140" type="occupation">cook</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-27-defend268 t17690628-27-deflabel140"/>. I came to live there the 4th of May, between three and four in the afternoon. The prisoner was taken ill in the evening. She went up stairs about
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280027"/> nine. I went up between ten and eleven in the same room. I found the prisoner sitting on the side of her bed. She complained she was very ill, so that I did not go to bed. She complained of her leg swelling, and said she was very full of pain across her joins and back. I thought it proper she should have assistance. I went into mistress's room, and desired she would get up. She did; mistress gave her something to drink; I believe it was brandy. Seeing her so bad, we thought proper she should have a surgeon. We sent for Mr. Abel, a man-mid wife: this might be between twelve and one in the night. The prisoner got into bed before he came. He asked her what was the matter with her; she said she was very full of pain; he ordered her a draught and went away, after being there about five or six minutes. She drank the draught; after that she said she found herself better. I left the room and went down stairs. I did not stay long below.
<persName id="t17690628-27-person270"> Mary Pink
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person270" type="surname" value="Pink"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person270" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person270" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> that was in the room went down for some water for the prisoner, who said she was very dry. We put some gin in it, and the prisoner drank it. When
<persName id="t17690628-27-person271"> Mary Pink
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person271" type="surname" value="Pink"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person271" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person271" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was gone down, I heard the prisoner make a noise in the bed as if she pulled her pocket from under her pillow; the curtains were drawn, so that I did not see her. This was about a quarter of an hour after Mr. Abel was gone. I heard her make a noise as if moving about in the bed. I thought I heard her open a knife. I heard it clash. This very much shocked me. I had hardly power to stir; I thought she was doing something to herself. She seemed to be very busy under the bedclothes. I went into mistress's room, and told her that I heard her make a noise, and thought I heard her open a knife, and imagined she was going to make use of it. Then I went back again; the prisoner then seemed to be pretty easy; she seemed to compose herself, and desired us to go to bed. This was betwixt one and two. Pink went to bed; I sat on the side of the bed where
<persName id="t17690628-27-person272"> Mary Pink
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person272" type="surname" value="Pink"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person272" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person272" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> lay, and do not know that I spoke to the prisoner till morning. I did not go to sleep till after day-light. During the time I sat I think the prisoner drank one draught which I had put in a bottle at her desire, and put it on her bed. I went to bed about four, and slept till about eight; then I got up and went down stairs. When I awaked, the prisoner was in bed, she seemed to be asleep; but I said nothing to her, nor she to me. I carried her up a bason of tea about nine; she drank it, then I think she was sitting on the side of the bed. She got up and made the man's bed in the garret by herself. She came down, and began making her own bed; I came up at the time, and assisted in putting the blankets on. She had changed her sheets, and got a pair of clean ones. I went and told mistress of the clean sheets; then my mistress and I went up into the room. We saw the foul ones, and then we began to think something. Then the prisoner was go: down stairs; there was an appearance on the foul sheets, as if she had been brought to bed. We found them in the drawer. I did not see the child till after it had been seen by other people, about the middle of the day. After we found the sheets, mistress came down and desired the prisoner to go to bed.</p>
<p>Mrs.
<persName id="t17690628-27-person273"> Ann Steer
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person273" type="surname" value="Steer"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person273" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person273" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at Edmonton. The prisoner was my cook four months. On the first of May she complained of her legs swelling very much. I saw them on the fourth: they were very much swelled. I then had not the least suspicion of her being with child, having at that time a very good opinion of her. I was going out of town, so I desired her to keep her legs on a chair. When I came home about ten, she was gone to bed. I went to bed also about eleven; and just as I was got into bed, my servant came and told me the prisoner was very bad, and desired I would come to her. I put my under petticoat and bed-gown on, and went and asked her how she did; she said she was in such pain in her stomach and all round, that she did not know what to do. I gave her some pepper-mint water. I did not suspect then that she was with child. She continued in pain. After that I ventured to give her some gin. I told her, I thought her very bad, and that I durst not give her any thing else. I said I would send for Mr. Abel. He lives but a few doors distant. She desired I would not, saying she was out of order, and was sure she should be better. I sent my maids out of the room, and hoped to make some discovery. Then I told her I was frightened very much at her, that I had a great opinion of her, otherwise I should not know what to think. She gave no answer, but seemed ignorant of what I aimed at. I did not mention any thing farther. She had told me before she had had a long illness two or three years ago. I asked her whether she was as bad now as she was then: she said she never was so bad as she was now; and added, in her illness before, her mistress gave her strong things that made her almost drunk. She said the drinking of gin had done her good, and that she was much better, and begged I would go to bed. I said I was so uneasy about her, I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280028"/> could not think of going to bed, and that I would send for Mr. Abel. I did so, and directed he should not go up till I had seen him. She said there was no occasion for him. When Mr. Abel came, I went down and told him my suspicions, and desired him to question her. He went up stairs, and asked her a great may questions, which I cannot particularize. I was by at the time. He stayed with her about five minutes. She did not appear worse. He told her he would send her a draught. I went down with him, and asked him what he thought. He said he thought she was in labour. I saw her a great many times that night. He desired me to charge her with it. I told him, if he would stay a little, I would go up again to her, and hear more what she said. I went up, and sat down by her, and told her I was very uneasy and frighted at her, and could not tell what was the matter with her. She asked me if Mr. Abel was below. I said, Yes. She asked what was the reason he did not go, she could not think why he stayed so long; adding, that there was no occasion for him to stay. I told her he stayed to see how she did. I went down and told him what I had said, and that I had not courage to say any more to her. I told him if he would go home and prepare her a draught, I would send a person for it, and that there should be no bad consequence, she should not be left alone a moment. When the draught came, I went and gave it her. She then seemed better, and said she was very sleepy, and begged I would go to bed, for I should get cold without my cloak. She seemed then a little easier, yet I could discover she had little pains now and then. She pressed me very much to go to bed. I told her I would, but insisted upon it my maids should stay by her. I was not satisfied with this, but told them by no means to leave her. They promised me they would not. Then I went to bed. As soon as I got into bed, one of them came and knocked at the door, and said the cook wanted a little water. I told her she might fetch a little, but she must put some brandy in it to take the rawness off of it, and bid her make all the haste she could. I believe in about a minute after
<persName id="t17690628-27-person274"> Ann Richards
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person274" type="surname" value="Richards"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person274" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came, exceedingly frighted, and said, For God's sake, madam, come to the cook; I don't know what she is doing, she is doing something to herself: she has got her pocket in the bed, and I think she has taken her knife out; I heard it clash; and she is very busy under the bed-clothes. I sent her back again directly; my daughter was in bed with me; I desired her to go to the door and hear if she heard any noise. She came back again and said the cook lay very still and quiet. She heard nothing. I lay till about four. I was very fearful the maids were gone to sleep, hearing no stir. I sent my daughter to see. She came again, and said the maids were laid down in their clothes, and the cook was snoaring. I lay till six: then I went into the room, and found the cook fast asleep. I then went to the other bed, and waked the other two. My room is close by theirs. I desired them to get up: they said they had stayed some time by her, that she slept very well, and they thought they need not stay any longer, therefore they lay down. I desired them to call my daughter as they came through my room. This was between seven and eight. I asked them how the cook did when they came; they said she was not got up. As soon as I was dressed, I went into her room, which was about a quarter of an hour after eight, and asked her how she did. She said she was a great deal better, but she was so much out of order, she was afraid to move. I said I hoped she was no worse than common. She said, No. I desired she would stay in her room, and I would go down and make some tea, and send it up. I sent her a bason of tea up. I said I was certain there was something more than ordinary, she looked so shockingly. She came down a little after nine into the kitchen. One of my daughters came and told me the cook wanted clean sheets, for she was going to wash her foul ones: they were very dirty. I bid my daughter give her a pair, but would not let her wash the others. I sent
<persName id="t17690628-27-person275"> Ann Richards
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person275" type="surname" value="Richards"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person275" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person275" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> up to help her to make her bed, as I heard she was going to make it. I went up, and saw them both putting the blankets on. I looked about, but saw nothing then. I went down again. When the prisoner came down, I desired my daughter to keep her in the kitchen, while I went up and looked about the house for the foul sheets. I went and looked in the garret, where the foul linen is kept. I could not find them there. I looked under her bed in her room; I found there a blanket, her under petticoat, and a bedgown that I had lent her: though I had not found the sheets, I was satisfied there was something more than ordinary. At last I found the sheets in a corner of a drawer where her things lay: then I was thoroughly satisfied she had had a child. They were bundled up in a very bad
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280029"/> condition, I have had many children myself, and was quite sure she had had a child. Then I went to get her out of the kitchen: she was wanting to do some work, but I thought her not in a condition to work. She went up stairs. I went up and kept her in talk the while my daughter tried my keys to see whether any would unlock her trunk in the garret. After that I came down, and consulted my daughter what I should do. I took the chare-woman, who is a married woman, up with me. I first sent her into the room to the prisoner to ask her how she did: then I went in, and said, You look sadly, will you have any thing? She said she thought she was a little saint. I said, Cook, you may very well be saint, for I am sure you have had a child. She denied it at first. I said, Though I was so ignorant last night, I am not now, for I was very certain by what I had seen, and if she would not tell me, I would send for a constable. Then she said, there was a child. I asked her where it was; she said in her trunk in the garret, and gave me her keys out of her pocket. I told her she shocked me very much, and bid her go to bed, as the most decent place for her. I got her into bed, and got her some caudle, went with the chare-woman, and found the child tied up in a handkerchief in a corner of her trunk. The trunk was locked. The chare-woman brought it in her apron into a parlour, which we made but little use of. I did not care any body should know of it then. I saw the child was cut down from the ear, and then another cut across the throat, about two inches long each cut. It was a boy. The cut seemed to be to the bone of the neck. I saw the bone, but did not care to look at it much. It seemed very deep. It was very bloody, and bled very fresh till the Monday. This was Friday. The handkerchief was very bloody in which it was. I sent the chare-woman to tell her, I thought she had murdered her child, and I could not see her any more.</p>
<p>Q. Did it seem to be a full grown child?</p>
<p>Mrs. Steers. It did; it appeared as if she had gone her full time.</p>
<p>Eliz. Low. I am a chare-woman. Mrs. Steers sent for me. She went up stairs and I along with her. This was after the sheets and things were found. We went up to search for the child. I went to the prisoner and asked her how she did; she said, she was very poorly. Madam came up a little after; we then went up into the garret. Madam said, she was certain there must be a child by the things she had seen. The prisoner denied it at first, but not much; afterwards she owned it. Madam asked her for the keys; she gave them to her. Then we went up into the garret, and found the child in the prisoner's trunk. It was very bloody, so also was the handkerchief in which it was. The child bled fresh then from the neck, where there was a wound. It was cut down the neck and cross the neck. I saw the bone. I staid with the prisoner three nights, she never said any thing to me.</p>
<p>Mrs. Steers. I bid this chare-woman to ask the prisoner for her pocket, thinking she was not fit to have a knife. She gave her her knife out of her pocket, but that was not bloody.</p>
<p>Q. What growth was the child.</p>
<p>E. Low. It was at its full time. I have had children. It was tied up in a snuffy linen handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Steers. Had she made any preparation to put the child in?</p>
<p>Mrs. Steers. The prisoner sent me word, if I would look into her trunk, I should find some child's things. I looked in her trunk, and there I found a neckcloth for a child, that was formerly used about a child's neck: that I found on the Friday. She was taken away on the Monday in the afternoon. (Produced in Court.)</p>
<p>E. Low. There was a linen cloth, that seemed to have been made for a clout, wrapped about the child's head in the handkerchief.</p>
<p>Barthelomew Abel. I am a man-midwife. I was sent for to Mrs. Steers's, at about eleven o'clock at night, on the 4th of May. Mrs. Steers told me she was exceedingly frighted about her cook. She had lived with her about four months, and was a very good servant, or else she should suspect something was the matter more than ordinary. I asked her if she thought her with child. She said she looked big, but not bigger than she was at her coming. She informed me, she had not been regular for the time she had been there; but would not have me take notice to her that I suspected her to be with child, but go up and have some talk with her. She was cautious of the girl's reputation. We went up stairs together. I asked her several questions, particularly how long since she had been out of order; she told me four months before she came to that place, and that she had been taking some pills, which began to have a proper effect, and that she expected she should soon be better. I looked at one of her legs, and found it very much swelled. I came down stairs. I could not be absolutely certain she was with child, but it was
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280030"/> my opinion she was, and that she was in labour. I thought it proper for madam to go and tax her with it. After some little time she went up in order to do it. She came down again and told me, she told her that Mr. Abel thought her much like a woman in labour, but the prisoner said it was a particular time, and asked why I staid; saying, I need not to stay; if she had any occassion, she would send for me. I said I would send her something by way of amusing her, and if they sent for me, I would come directly. I sent a draught, and desired she might not be left alone. I went home, and lay down between the blankets, and fell asleep, and heard nothing till morning; when about nine I went to see how she did. She was then not up. I was told I might go up stairs. I went up, and found her dressed, sitting on the side of the bed. Upon asking her how she did, she told me she was much better, that she had had a considerable alteration, as she used to be at particular times, and was quite easy and free from pain, and should soon be well. As she was up, I looked at her to see whether she was big as usual, but not having seen her before to observe her, I could not tell. I went home. After this Mrs. Steers beckoned me. I went into her house. She told me there was a child found. She and I went up into the garret, and there I saw it.</p>
<p>Mrs. Steers. The child had been washed and cleaned, and carried up there when Mr. Abel saw it.</p>
<p>Mr. Abel. It was a full grown male child, with a considerable wound on its neck. It was cut straight down the neck, and afterwards across the neck. The first began about two inches or an inch and a half below the right ear, and came down right about two inches or an inch and a half long . It reached to the first bone of the neck. It penetrated quite to the bone, about an inch and a half deep. The other cut across was full two inches long, and full two inches deep. It appeared to have been washed when I saw it. I did not see any blood.</p>
<p>Q. Is any thing to be inferred from its fresh bleeding, as Mrs. Steers has given an account, that it was born alive?</p>
<p>Abel. No. If it had been born dead, it might have bled. On the Monday the coroner sent to me, and asked if it was necessary to open the child, to find out whether it was born dead or alive. I told him it was a received opinion, if it had been born dead, the lungs would sink, but did not know it was an infallible sign. I took out the lungs and put them in water, and they swam. I don't mention this as an infallible rule.</p>
<p>Q. What is your judgement, upon the whole, of the appearance of this child, or can you form any judgement upon it, whether it was born dead or alive?</p>
<p>Abel. I would rather think it was born alive.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I awaked in the morning and found there was a child; that frighted me very much. I was not sensible what I did. I can give no account how I did it.</p>
<p>To her Character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-27-person276"> John Atkins
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person276" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person276" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-27-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known her upwards of ten years at Newark upon Trent. She lived in many good and genteel families; and always had the good character of an honest sober girl.</p>
<p>
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<p>367. (M.)
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<interp inst="t17690628-28-defend278" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-defend278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17690628-28-off142" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-off142" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a cloth coat and waistcoat, value 35 s. and a pair of worsted breeches, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-28-victim280" type="victimName"> Richard Brander
<interp inst="t17690628-28-victim280" type="surname" value="Brander"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-victim280" type="given" value="Richard"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-28-off142 t17690628-28-victim280"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-28-cd143" type="crimeDate">June 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-28-off142 t17690628-28-cd143"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-28-person281"> Richard Brander
<interp inst="t17690628-28-person281" type="surname" value="Brander"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-person281" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17690628-28-crimeloc144">Great May's Buildings</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-crimeloc144" type="placeName" value="Great May's Buildings"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-28-off142 t17690628-28-crimeloc144"/>. I lost the things laid in the indictment out of my fore-parlour. I missed them on Monday morning, the 5th of June, about four o'clock, when I got up. The parlour door opens into the street, and sometimes our servants leave it open.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-28-person282"> James Gallaway
<interp inst="t17690628-28-person282" type="surname" value="Gallaway"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-person282" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-28-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a headborough. On Monday morning, the 5th of June, the prisoner came into a public-house in Tottenham-court-road. He turned back when he saw me. I saw he had the things laid in the indictment in a bundle. I took him and carried him before Justice Welch. (Produced in Court and deposed to by Prosecutor.) I advertised the things, and the prosecutor came and owned them.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I got up that morning to go to see for work. I went into a little old house to do my needs, when I got up, I saw the bundle lie.</p>
<p>
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<p>368, 369. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-29-defend284" type="defendantName"> Thomas Bryan
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<persName id="t17690628-29-defend286" type="defendantName"> Bartholomew Martin
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<interp inst="t17690628-29-off147" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-off147" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two hundred pounds weight of lead, value 4 s. belonging to
<persName id="t17690628-29-victim287" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Ridley
<interp inst="t17690628-29-victim287" type="surname" value="Ridley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-victim287" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-victim287" type="gender" value="female"/>
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<rs id="t17690628-29-viclabel148" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-29-victim287 t17690628-29-viclabel148"/>, fixed to a certain building used with the dwelling house </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17690628-29-cd149" type="crimeDate">June 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-29-off147 t17690628-29-cd149"/>. +</p>
<p>
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<persName id="t17690628-29-person288"> Elizabeth Ridley
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person288" type="surname" value="Ridley"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person288" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person288" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My house is in the parish of
<placeName id="t17690628-29-crimeloc150">St. Mary-le-bone</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-crimeloc150" type="placeName" value="St. Mary-le-bone"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-29-off147 t17690628-29-crimeloc150"/>. On the 24th of May, I missed two or three hundred weight of lead from off a back vault in the yard. The evidences are here that secured the prisoner, and the lead is here also.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-29-person289"> Elizabeth Scudamore
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person289" type="surname" value="Scudamore"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person289" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person289" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Say at Mary-le-bone. On Wednesday morning, the 24th of May, between two and three o'clock, the coachman and footman came and alarmed me that some thieves were about our house. In a little time after they came and told me they saw a man, and they would go and call the watch. I got out of bed, put my window up, and saw three men, one was a thick-set man, he was upon Mrs. Ridley's vault taking the lead, and the other two standing below to receive it. He threw the lead down, jumped down, and went into a stable; the other two carried the lead in after him and shut the door. They were there till the coachman and footman with the watchman went and took two of them. The pri soners are the men.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-29-person290"> William Elvington
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person290" type="surname" value="Elvington"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person290" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-29-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am coachman to 'Squire Say. On the 24th of May, I brought my master from Vauxhall in the chariot. When I came to the stable, after my master was gone to-bed, I heard somebody whisper these words, The light is not out yet. I came into the house and asked the maid to let us be in her room: the footman was with me. I looked out at the window after the day was broke, and I saw a fellow with white stockings, and also after him a tallish man, and then a little man. They went to the stable door and looked through a hole, and said, The light is all out. They then went about twenty yards farther; the little fellow scaled the wall, and began stripping the lead from Mrs. Ridley's vault. I and the footman agreed to stand true to each other. We went out, he with a poker and I with a broom-stick. We got the watchman to go with us. We went to the place where the lead was thrown down. The maid called to us, and said they were in the stable. We went in. One man ran out at a back place, and got off. We took the two prisoners; one way lying on the ground, the other standing up behind the door. They both said they were sleeping. We found the lead lying by them, about two hundred weight; we secured them, and they were committed.</p>
<p>The footman gave the same account.</p>
<p>Bryan's Defence.</p>
<p>I have a wife and three children. I was in liquor, and know nothing of the matter. I never saw the other prisoner in my life before.</p>
<p>Martin's Defence.</p>
<p>I was locked out of my lodging. A girl of the town brought me there. I was much in liquor. I did not know where I was.</p>
<p>Both
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-30-off153-c237" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-defend294 t17690628-30-off153 t17690628-30-verdict157"/>
<p>370, 371. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-30-defend292" type="defendantName"> Joseph Trippet
<interp inst="t17690628-30-defend292" type="surname" value="Trippet"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-defend292" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-defend292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690628-30-defend294" type="defendantName"> James Fannen
<interp inst="t17690628-30-defend294" type="surname" value="Fannen"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-defend294" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-defend294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-30-off153" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-30-off153" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-off153" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silver watch, value 4 l. a silver seal, value 1 s. a steel chain, value 1 s. a watch-key, value 2 d. a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 8 s. one silver knee-buckle, value 1 s. and one Moco sleeve button set in silver, the property of
<persName id="t17690628-30-victim296" type="victimName"> Edward Jones
<interp inst="t17690628-30-victim296" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-victim296" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-victim296" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-off153 t17690628-30-victim296"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-30-viclabel154" type="occupation">clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-victim296 t17690628-30-viclabel154"/>, privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17690628-30-cd155" type="crimeDate">June 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-off153 t17690628-30-cd155"/>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-30-person297"> Edward Jones
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person297" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person297" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Wednesday the 13th of this month I was out late, and finding myself locked out, I went, between one and two o'clock on the 14th in the morning, to a bench on
<placeName id="t17690628-30-crimeloc156">Westminster-bridge</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-crimeloc156" type="placeName" value="Westminster-bridge"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-crimeloc156" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-off153 t17690628-30-crimeloc156"/>, with a view to sleep; where I was awaked about four, and found myself robbed of a silver watch, my silver buckles out of my shoes, one knee buckle, and a sleeve button.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-30-person298"> Henry Wright
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person298" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person298" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am turnkey at Tothill-fields Bridewell. On the 14th of June the prisoner Fannen came to our door, and asked me for
<persName id="t17690628-30-person299"> Matthew Matthewson
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person299" type="surname" value="Matthewson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person299" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a young man that was there for picking pockets. I told him to go to a ward No. I. and when he was unlocked, he should see him. After he had seen him, he went out at the gate, and returned again in about five minutes; at the same time I observed the other prisoner about an hundred yards from the gate. After Fannen came out from Matthewson again, he and Trippet went away together. I said to Matthewson, What did he want with you? he said, Nothing. I said, I thought by Trippet's shoes (they were all over country dirt) that he had been thieving. He said, Fannen had got a watch, and Trippet was waiting for him. I called a boy and a man to assist me, and we went in pursuit. I saw them in St. Jame's Park upon the grass, about fifty yards a-head of us, looking at something. We apprehended them. I found a silver watch, a chain, and a seal, in Fannen's coat pocket. Carrying them to Bridewell, Trippet's pocket hit against a young fellow's leg. He said, There is something in it. We searched him, and found a pair of silver shoe buckles in his left hand coat pocket. When we got them in, we searched both their pockets; and in Trippet's pocket we found one silver knee buckle and a sleeve button. I examined the watch, and found it
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280032"/> was made by Job Trip, King-street, Westminster. I applied to him, and there I found the prosecutor lived opposite to him, and that he had not been at home all that night. I found by Mr. Trip that the watch belonged to Mr. Jones.</p>
<p>Fannen to Prosecutor. You said before Sir
<persName id="t17690628-30-person300"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person300" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> you lost five guineas.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I did say so. But I do not know whether I lost them there or not; but in regard to the watch, I looked at it before I went to sleep, and I know I had my buckles on. (The things produced in court.) I was not possessed of the watch and seal above three or four days. The shoe buckles are mine; I have had them some time; and here is a small key that hangs to the watch chain, which fits a little lock that I have at home, I believe that to be mine. The letters on the seal are E. J It was made on purpose for me. I bought it of Mr. Trip.</p>
<p>Trippet's Defence.</p>
<p>I am a waiter at Vauxhall at this time. I pressed this young fellow ( meaning his fellow prisoner) to come and see me. He came on the Tuesday night, about nine. We went to the tap-house, and had a pint of beer together: then I said I could not stay any longer. I went into the gardens immediately. He asked what time I should come out again. I said it would be late, I believed about one or two. I came out about two, when there were two ladies asked me whether I could get a coach. There was never a one. I told them I believed there was a boat. They said they did not chuse to go by water. They asked me which way I was going. I said I lodged in Lambeth. I told them I would oblige them in seeing them over the Bridge, if agreeable, and that there was a young man waiting for me in the taphouse, so that we four went together as far as Charing-Cross: there a coach was going by, and the ladies hired it, got in, and ordered the coachman to drive to the New Buildings near the Middlesex Hospital. They gave me a shilling. Then Fannen and I went up the Haymarket, and had some beer and victuals, and staid some time; then we walked towards the Bridge. I think it was by the third or fourth bench that Fannen saw that watch lying on the ground, and the buckles within half a yard of it, and an odd knee-buckle, and a sleeve button. I went then towards my lodging, but could not get in, and we walked about to pass the time away. We went about two or three miles, and came back towards Vauxhall again. Fannen said to me, You may as well take a walk along with me over the Bridge again. I went with him. He said there was a fellow-apprentice of his in Tothill-fields Bridewell, and being so near, he would call and see him. He went in, but I stopped about an hundred yards from the gate: when he came out we went away together.</p>
<p>Fannen's defence to the same purport.</p>
<p>Trippet called
<persName id="t17690628-30-person301"> Stephen Paxton
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person301" type="surname" value="Paxton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person301" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690628-30-person302"> William Morris
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person302" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person302" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who said they knew no harm of him.</p>
<p>Fannen called
<persName id="t17690628-30-person303"> Christopher Pidgeon
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person303" type="surname" value="Pidgeon"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person303" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , printer, to whom he was an apprentice, and
<persName id="t17690628-30-person304"> John Bell
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person304" type="surname" value="Bell"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person304" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who gave him a good character.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17690628-30-verdict157" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-30-verdict157" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-30-verdict157" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> guilty of stealing, but not privately from the person </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-30-punish158" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-30-punish158" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-defend292 t17690628-30-punish158"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-30-defend294 t17690628-30-punish158"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-31">
<interp inst="t17690628-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-31-off159-c247" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-31-defend305 t17690628-31-off159 t17690628-31-verdict161"/>
<p>372. (L.)
<persName id="t17690628-31-defend305" type="defendantName"> Broughton Bridgen
<interp inst="t17690628-31-defend305" type="surname" value="Bridgen"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31-defend305" type="given" value="Broughton"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31-defend305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-31-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-31-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a leather bridle with an iron bit, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-31-victim307" type="victimName"> Cuthbert Jackson
<interp inst="t17690628-31-victim307" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31-victim307" type="given" value="Cuthbert"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-31-victim307" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-31-off159 t17690628-31-victim307"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-31-cd160" type="crimeDate">June 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-31-off159 t17690628-31-cd160"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-31-verdict161" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-31-verdict161" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-32">
<interp inst="t17690628-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-32-off162-c249" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-32-defend309 t17690628-32-off162 t17690628-32-verdict165"/>
<p>373.
<persName id="t17690628-32-defend309" type="defendantName"> John Wilson
<interp inst="t17690628-32-defend309" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-defend309" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-defend309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-32-off162" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-32-off162" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-off162" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing thirty-six yards of silk ribbon, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-32-victim311" type="victimName"> Henry Sherwood
<interp inst="t17690628-32-victim311" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-victim311" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-victim311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690628-32-victim313" type="victimName"> John Reynolds
<interp inst="t17690628-32-victim313" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-victim313" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-victim313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-32-cd163" type="crimeDate">June 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-32-off162 t17690628-32-cd163"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-32-person314"> Henry Sherwood
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person314" type="surname" value="Sherwood"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person314" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a partner with
<persName id="t17690628-32-person315"> John Reynolds
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person315" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person315" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Woodstreet, Cheapside. I think I can swear those two pieces of ribbon are of our manufacturing. (Holding them in his hand.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-32-person316"> John Hopwood
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person316" type="surname" value="Hopwood"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person316" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to the prosecutor, in
<placeName id="t17690628-32-crimeloc164">Woodstreet, No. 5</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-crimeloc164" type="placeName" value="Woodstreet, No. 5"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-crimeloc164" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-32-off162 t17690628-32-crimeloc164"/>. The prisoner at the bar came in, pretending to buy goods. I saw him privately convey one of these pieces of silk ribbon from out of a drawer, on the 8th of this month, in the afternoon, into his breeches. I searched him in the shop, and took it out of his breeches.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-32-person317"> Ralph Barron
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person317" type="surname" value="Barron"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person317" type="given" value="Ralph"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-32-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the tap in Woodstreet-Compter. I was sent for to the prosecutor's shop. They told me the prisoner had stole some ribbon. I saw the witness here take one of those pieces from the prisoner; and I took the other out of his hand behind him.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was a little in liquor.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-32-verdict165" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-32-verdict165" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-32-punish166" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-32-punish166" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-32-defend309 t17690628-32-punish166"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-33">
<interp inst="t17690628-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-33-off167-c256" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-defend318 t17690628-33-off167 t17690628-33-verdict171"/>
<p>374. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-33-defend318" type="defendantName"> Andrew M'Daniel , otherwise
<rs id="t17690628-33-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-defend318 t17690628-33-alias-4"/>M'Doril</rs>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-defend318" type="surname" value="M'Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-defend318" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-defend318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17690628-33-off167" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-33-off167" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-off167" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176906280033"/> watch, value 3 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-33-victim321" type="victimName"> Charles Scott
<interp inst="t17690628-33-victim321" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-victim321" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-victim321" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-off167 t17690628-33-victim321"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690628-33-cd168" type="crimeDate">June 19</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-off167 t17690628-33-cd168"/>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-33-person322"> Charles Scott
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person322" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person322" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in the Old Swan Yard, Bishopsgate-street. I lost my watch on Monday was seven-night, about one in the morning, at
<placeName id="t17690628-33-crimeloc169">Castle-street Bagnio, Leicester-fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-crimeloc169" type="placeName" value="Castle-street Bagnio, Leicester-fields"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-crimeloc169" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-off167 t17690628-33-crimeloc169"/>. I am a
<rs id="t17690628-33-viclabel170" type="occupation">hackney-coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-victim321 t17690628-33-viclabel170"/>, and had a waiting job there from twelve till half an hour after two. I had hung my bags on my horses to let them feed. I shut the door and went to sleep, but the prisoner awaked me by pulling the watch out of my pocket: He turned about, and ran. I jumped out of the coach and followed him. The watchman was crying the hour one. My big coat came between my legs and threw me down. A watchman pursued and he was taken. I know the prisoner is the person that took my watch, for I saw him as I was in the coach. He had a striped waistcoat, and a blue coat on, the same he has on now.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-33-person323"> Charles Churchman
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person323" type="surname" value="Churchman"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person323" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a carpenter. I was going home at the time I saw the prosecutor pursuing. He fell down, but the watchman and I pursued, and I took the prisoner in Vine-street.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690628-33-person324"> John White
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person324" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person324" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-33-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I picked up the watch where the prisoner fell. I was standing at my own door in Vine-street and saw him fall. He was no sooner down, but Mr. Churchman, who was pursuing, said, Now I have you. He took him, and carried him to the watch-house, and I carried the watch after him. (The watch produced and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all of it.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690628-33-verdict171" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-33-verdict171" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690628-33-punish172" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-33-punish172" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-33-defend318 t17690628-33-punish172"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690628-34">
<interp inst="t17690628-34" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690628"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34" type="date" value="17690628"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-34-off174-c261" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend326 t17690628-34-off174 t17690628-34-verdict177"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-34-off174-c262" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend327 t17690628-34-off174 t17690628-34-verdict177"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690628-34-off175-c263" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend328 t17690628-34-off175 t17690628-34-verdict177"/>
<p>375, 376, 377. (M.)
<persName id="t17690628-34-defend326" type="defendantName"> William Smith
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend326" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend326" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690628-34-defend327" type="defendantName"> Mary,
<rs id="t17690628-34-deflabel173" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend326 t17690628-34-deflabel173"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend327 t17690628-34-deflabel173"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend328 t17690628-34-deflabel173"/> of Christopher, Andrews
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend327" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend327" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690628-34-defend328" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Johnson , otherwise
<rs id="t17690628-34-alias-5" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690628-34-defend328 t17690628-34-alias-5"/>Wood</rs>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend328" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend328" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-defend328" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted, the two first for
<rs id="t17690628-34-off174" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-34-off174" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-off174" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two silver table spoons, value 12 s. and one silver tea-spoon, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690628-34-victim331" type="victimName"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17690628-34-victim331" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-victim331" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-victim331" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the other for
<rs id="t17690628-34-off175" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690628-34-off175" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690628-34-off175" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>,
<rs id