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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120001"/>THE WHOLE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol-Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX; HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Thursday the 12th, Friday the 13th, Saturday the 14th, Monday the 16th, and Tuesday the 17th of January, 1769.
<p>In the Ninth Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Second SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honourable
<persName id="f17690112-1-person1"> Samuel Turner
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person1" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person1" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY OF LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER II. PART I.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Sold by S. Bladon, at No. 28, in Pater-noster-Row.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol-Delivery, held for the City of LONDON, & c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable SAMUEL TURNER, Esquire, Lord-Mayor of the City of London; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17690112-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> Thomas Parker
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person2" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person2" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer *; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17690112-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Henry Gould
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person3" type="surname" value="Gould"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person3" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of the Justices of his Majesty's Court of Common-Place +; the Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17690112-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> Richard Aston
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person4" type="surname" value="Aston"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person4" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. one of his Majesty's Justices of the Court of King's Bench ||;
<persName id="f17690112-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> James Eyre
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person5" type="surname" value="Eyre"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person5" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esquire, Recorder ++; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer, of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>N. B. The * + || and ++ refer to the Judges before whom the Prisoners were tried. L. London, M. Middlesex Jury. </p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person6" type="jurorName"> James Buckland
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person6" type="surname" value="Buckland"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person6" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person7" type="jurorName"> John Barret
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person7" type="surname" value="Barret"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Charles Dale
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person8" type="surname" value="Dale"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person8" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Gilbert Wintle
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person9" type="surname" value="Wintle"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person9" type="given" value="Gilbert"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person10" type="jurorName"> John Robertson
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person10" type="surname" value="Robertson"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Matthew Thornton
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person11" type="surname" value="Thornton"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person11" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person12" type="jurorName"> John Luntley
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person12" type="surname" value="Luntley"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person12" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Chawner
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person13" type="surname" value="Chawner"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person14" type="jurorName"> James Pitt
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person14" type="surname" value="Pitt"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person14" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Silvanous Hall
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person15" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person15" type="given" value="Silvanous"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person15" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person16" type="jurorName"> John Brian
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person16" type="surname" value="Brian"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person16" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person17" type="jurorName"> William Norris
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person17" type="surname" value="Norris"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person17" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Henry Atkins
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person18" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person18" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Silver Crispin
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person19" type="surname" value="Crispin"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person19" type="given" value="Silver"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Thomas Lovett
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person20" type="surname" value="Lovett"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person20" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person21" type="jurorName"> William Wilkinson
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person21" type="surname" value="Wilkinson"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person21" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person22" type="jurorName"> John Braithweight
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person22" type="surname" value="Braithweight"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person22" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Morgan
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person23" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person23" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Thomas Taylor
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person24" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person24" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Robert Gouland
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person25" type="surname" value="Gouland"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person25" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person26" type="jurorName"> William Halfpenny
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person26" type="surname" value="Halfpenny"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person26" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Richard Wall
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person27" type="surname" value="Wall"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person27" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Lawrence De Rippe
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person28" type="surname" value="De Rippe"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person28" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17690112-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Thomas Holgate
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person29" type="surname" value="Holgate"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person29" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . *</p>
<p>*
<persName id="f17690112-1-person30" type="jurorName"> William Sharp
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person30" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person30" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17690112-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> served part of the time in the room of Thomas Holgate.</p> </div1>
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<p>79. (L.)
<persName id="t17690112-1-defend32" type="defendantName"> John Purney
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<interp inst="t17690112-1-defend32" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-defend32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-1-off1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-1-victim34" type="victimName"> Robert Wood
<interp inst="t17690112-1-victim34" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-victim34" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-victim34" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-1-off1 t17690112-1-victim34"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">December 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-1-off1 t17690112-1-cd2"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-1-person35"> Robert Wood
<interp inst="t17690112-1-person35" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-person35" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the evening preceding St. Thomas's day, as I was going from Cheapside into
<placeName id="t17690112-1-crimeloc3">St. Martin's le Grand</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-1-crimeloc3" type="placeName" value="St. Martin's le Grand"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-1-off1 t17690112-1-crimeloc3"/>, about six in the evening, I found something disturb my pocket; I immediately turned round and discovered my handkerchief in the prisoner's hand, holding it out to another person, whom I apprehended to be his associate, saying at the time, Here, here, or Take it, take it, I am not sure which. The other person, seeing I observed it, refused taking it, so it fell to the ground. I took it up, and took hold of the prisoner, who used me with a good deal of effrontery, but at last fell on his knees and begged for mercy.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>Going along the street, the gentleman turned round and seized me. I never had his handkerchief. </p>
<p>
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<interp inst="t17690112-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-1-defend32 t17690112-1-punish5"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>80, 81. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-2-defend37" type="defendantName"> John Clark
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<interp inst="t17690112-2-defend37" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-defend37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690112-2-defend39" type="defendantName"> Thomas Wilson
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<interp inst="t17690112-2-defend39" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-defend39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
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<interp inst="t17690112-2-off6" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-off6" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing an inland bill of exchange, subscribed J. Adams, bearing date the 17th of November, 1768, for the payment of 18 l. directed to Mess. Baldero and Co.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120003"/> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-2-victim41" type="victimName"> William Smallwood
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<interp inst="t17690112-2-victim41" type="given" value="William"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-2-off6 t17690112-2-victim41"/> </persName> , the same being due, and unsatisfied </rs>,
<rs id="t17690112-2-cd7" type="crimeDate">December 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-2-off6 t17690112-2-cd7"/>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-2-person42"> William Smallwood
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person42" type="surname" value="Smallwood"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person42" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Sunday evening, the 11th of December, I was at Mr. Thornley's in Russell-Street, Covent-Garden. About eight in the evening, Mr. Phillips of Drury-Lane came to me, and told me we had been robbed. I immediately went home, and found my bookcase open, and a drawer, in which I kept the principal part of my papers, quite empty, I missed some cash in gold, two crown pieces, and two pieces of old coin. I was informed by the servant that lives in the other part of the house (it is a double house) that she had let Clark in thro' her house. Clark was my servant. I immediately went to his mother's in Old-Bedlam, I told her what had happened, but he had not been there. I came home, and sent two messengers to Harwich, and I sent to the Gravesend tilt-boats, describing the prisoners. The other prisoner, Wilson, was an apprentice to Mr. Phillips of Drury-Lane, who was missing at the time, and they being intimate, we suspected they were gone together. I sent Mr. Swanston and my son to Dover, and on the Tuesday they returned with the two prisoners to London. They brought me four of my bills. That mentioned in the indictment was one, and some of the money which is laid in another indictment. (The bill in question produced and road, to the purport as in the indictment.) The prisoners were brought in a coach to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-2-person43"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person43" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; they were committed. I never conversed with them at all.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-2-person44"> Timothy Swanston
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person44" type="surname" value="Swanston"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person44" type="given" value="Timothy"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went with Mr. Smallwood's son to Dover. One Mr. Pain had taken the two prisoners before I came there, I not going so fast in a chaise, as the other on horseback. I brought the prisoners to town. They confessed the whole to me, and they both said, they proposed, after they got to Calais, to return the bill back to Mr. Smallwood.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-2-person45"> John Pain
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person45" type="surname" value="Pain"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person45" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-2-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the London Inn at Dover. On the 12th of December, the two prisoners came and breakfasted at my house in the morning they desired the waiter to get a box to put their clothes in, and said they were going to Deal, to go on board an India ship. Soon after they were gone, came Mr. Smallwood's son, and another man on horseback; they asked, whether such persons had been at my house? I told them there had, and I would assist them in taking them. I ordered my horse to be saddled. I found; instead of going to Deal, they were gone to Folkstone; then I applied to the mayor, to stop any body that was suspected: I then went round the town, and in the middle of the town I met them both; I laid hold of them, took them into a house, and searched them. Clark delivered the bills up to me, out of a pocket book. When I told them, I was informed they had robbed their masters, they made very little answer; one delivered up the pocket book, and the other about 29 l. in cash. I brought them back to Dover; by that time Mr. Swanston was come, and I delivered the prisoners up to them.</p>
<p>Clark's Defence.</p>
<p>I was a little in liquor.</p>
<p>Wilson's Defence.</p>
<p>I was also in liquor.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17690112-2-verdict8" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-2-verdict8" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
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<interp inst="t17690112-2-punish9" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-2-defend37 t17690112-2-punish9"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-2-defend39 t17690112-2-punish9"/> T </rs>.</p>
<p>There was another indictment against them for stealing five guineas, and two crown pieces, the property of Mr. Smallwood.</p> </div1>
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<p>82. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-3-defend46" type="defendantName"> Jonathan Hall
<interp inst="t17690112-3-defend46" type="surname" value="Hall"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-defend46" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-defend46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-3-off10" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-3-off10" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-off10" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> falsely making and forging a certain order for the payment of money, with the name
<persName id="t17690112-3-person47"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person47" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person47" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs> subscribed thereto, directed to Mess. Fuller, Baker, and Halford, for the payment of money, to this purport:</p>
<p>"12th of Oct. 1768. Pay</p>
<p>"to Mr. J. Hall, or bearer, 18 l. 18 s. John</p>
<p>"Smith." And for uttering the same, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17690112-3-victim49" type="victimName"> John Barbe
<interp inst="t17690112-3-victim49" type="surname" value="Barbe"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-victim49" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-victim49" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-3-off10 t17690112-3-victim49"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-3-cd11" type="crimeDate">October 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-3-off10 t17690112-3-cd11"/>. *</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person50"> John Barbe
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person50" type="surname" value="Barbe"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person50" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17690112-3-viclabel12" type="occupation">working-silversmith</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-3-victim49 t17690112-3-viclabel12"/>, and live in
<placeName id="t17690112-3-crimeloc13">St. Giles's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-crimeloc13" type="placeName" value="St. Giles's in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-crimeloc13" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-3-off10 t17690112-3-crimeloc13"/>. On the 17th of October last, the prisoner came to me, and bargained for a couple of silver sauce-boats, and a laddle. I told him, They were not fit to deliver, I must clean them up. He said, It was no matter, they were going into the country. He said, He was going to Soho-Square, and desired me to make a bill against he came back. I said, In what name? He said, In the name of John Hall. When he came back, I delivered them to him, and he delivered me a draft upon Fuller and Co. for 18 l. 18 s.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person51"> John Vaughn
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person51" type="surname" value="Vaughn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person51" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am clerk to Mess. Fuller, Baker, and Halford. I have the draft here. I received it of Mr. Barbe, about the 17th of October; he presented it to me for payment. (Producing it.) I told him I believed it was a forgery, and asked him how he came by it. He told me, he received it in payment, and had given some change out of it. I compared it
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120004"/> with the hand-writings of two persons, named
<persName id="t17690112-3-person52"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person52" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person52" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the only two of that name that keep cash at our house; I thought there was a material difference, and I refused payment, and returned it again to Mr. Barbe, and Mr. Halford, one of the partners, went with him to a gentleman to know his character. Mr. Halford brought the bill back again, and I put the initial letters of my name upon it, and got the prosecutor to write his name upon it.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This is the same bill I received of the prisoner at the bar; I left it with Mr. Vaughan. There was a balance coming to the prisoner, and I desired him to step out to a neighbour, that I might get the money to give him. I went out; he bid me come back again, and said, Give me your note for it, which I did, for the balance, which was 6 l. odd money. He said he would call for the change on the morrow, about three o'clock in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. to Vaughan. Have you seen the two
<persName id="t17690112-3-person53"> John Smiths
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person53" type="surname" value="Smiths"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person53" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> write, who keep cash with you?</p>
<p>Vaughan. I have: one is
<persName id="t17690112-3-person54"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person54" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person54" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> junior, the other senior; one lives in Bucklersbury, and the other in St. Helen's: I do not believe this to be the writing of either of them.</p>
<p>Q. Is this cheque on the bill the cheque of your house?</p>
<p>Vaughan. It is. One of our customers lost several blank cheques belonging to our house.</p>
<p>Q. to Prosecutor. Did the prisoner call for his change the next day?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, he never did call again.</p>
<p>The bill read to this purport.</p>
<p>To Mess. Fuller, Baker, and Halford, 12th of October, 1768. Pay to Mr. J. Hall, bearer, 18 l. 18 s.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person55"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person55" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person55" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person56"> Tho Wright
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person56" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person56" type="given" value="Tho"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner called upon me at my shop, on the 18th of October, in the Strand, and paid me a draft for goods.</p>
<p>Court. We are not trying him for that now.</p>
<p>Wright. I informed Sir
<persName id="t17690112-3-person57"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person57" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person57" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> of it; and he having intelligence where the prisoner was, wrote to a Justice in Gloucester, and he was taken, and brought up from thence on my account. I was there when he was committed by Sir John, the night before the last sessions.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>Some time in October last, I, with my family, lived in Hand-Court, Holbourn, in lodgings, at 12 s. a week.
<persName id="t17690112-3-person58"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person58" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person58" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> owed me 29 l. odd money: he call upon me from time to time, and told me, he could not conveniently pay, but would as soon as in his power. I had the honour to be in his Majesty's navy all the last war, and for twenty-three years back. I have now but about a guinea a week to support myself, wife, and three children, and had occasion for money. On a certain day in October, he came to me again, and said, Now I can satisfy you. I asked him, In what manner? He told me, he could give me a draft upon a banker. I said, What banker? He told me, Fuller and Halford. I had two bills: I think the first was for 18 l. 18 s. At the same time there happened to be two persons in my room, who had breakfasted with me, named Abraham and
<persName id="t17690112-3-person59"> Joseph Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person59" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person59" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I told Smith, That was not sufficient for the whole he owed me. He said, He could not pay me, unless he gave me a draft upon a different banker. He gave me that on Fuller and Son. I received them both at the same time; the other was for 10 l. 10 s. I took them, not knowing the nature of these things, and as I had occasion, I paid them away. I paid one to Mr. Barbe, and the other to Mr.
<persName id="t17690112-3-person60"> Tho Wright
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person60" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person60" type="given" value="Tho"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I having been purser of a man of war, I had a number of articles for sea, at the time the debt was contracted, at stone-buckles that Smith had on me, and other things: he is a watch-maker, and lived in the Quaker's Buildings, near Smithfield Bars. He is now absent. His father is a butcher, and lives near Porter's Block.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person61"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person61" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person61" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have breakfasted with she prisoner several times: I did frequently in September and October last.</p>
<p>Q. How many times may you have breakfasted with him in that time?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person62"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person62" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person62" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I believe seven or eight times. When I was there,
<persName id="t17690112-3-person63"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person63" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , whom I knew before, gave the prisoner a draft. He is a watch-maker.</p>
<p>Q. Where did that
<persName id="t17690112-3-person64"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person64" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person64" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> live?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person65"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person65" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person65" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . He lived in the Quaker's Buildings. His father lives now by Porter's Block.</p>
<p>Q. What did he give him this draft for?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person66"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person66" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person66" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . That I cannot tell. There was some demand of money, but what I cannot say. I saw one note given at one time, and at another two notes.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120005"/>Q. How many notes did you see him give the prisoner?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person67"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person67" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person67" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw young Smith give him three or four notes, all payable to Jonathan Hall.</p>
<p>Q. Were they wrote Jonathan, or J. Hall?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person68"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person68" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person68" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I will not be positive which. When I came, as I did frequently, they were always writing.</p>
<p>Q. Can you be positive, whether there were three or four notes?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person69"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person69" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person69" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I can be positive of four: I think two of 18 l. 18 s. one of 12, and one 10, from the beginning of September, to the latter end or beginning of October.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Smith's hand-writing?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person70"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person70" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person70" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Smith as well as I know myself; I know his hand-writing well.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know where he kept cash?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person71"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person71" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person71" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . No; I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon this note.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person72"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person72" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person72" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . (he takes the note in his hand) This is Smith's hand-writing. I saw him write it.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day did he write it, and who was by?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person73"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person73" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person73" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . It was some time after breakfast-time. There was my brother in the room, and Mr. Hall, his wife, a servant, and two children.</p>
<p>Q. Was this note given single, or another given at the same time?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person74"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person74" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person74" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . It was given single. I believe there was another note given before this (not the same day) for 10 l. they were chequed, but cannot say they were both on one banker.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the nature of the dealings between these two men?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person75"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person75" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person75" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . No, I cannot say that; I know they were pretty much together. I have bought hard-ware goods of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person76"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person76" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person76" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About six years ago, I heard Hall say to Smith, Shall we settle? They got a pen and ink, and cast up some account. They did settle, and that draft was given; and when the other notes were given, they said, Shall we settle?</p>
<p>Q. What age is Smith?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person77"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person77" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person77" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I believe he is twenty-five, or twenty-six years old.</p>
<p>Q. What size?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person78"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person78" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person78" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About my size. (A middling size.)</p>
<p>Q. Is he black, or fair?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person79"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person79" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person79" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . He is fair.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see him last?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person80"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person80" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person80" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw him but a very little time ago: since Mr. Hall has been in custody.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person81"> Joseph Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person81" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person81" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Hall subpoened me. I have been very well acquainted with him. I was in his lodgings the latter end of September, and the beginning of October. I remember
<persName id="t17690112-3-person82"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person82" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person82" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> coming there; and have heard Mr. Hall say he was indebted to him several times.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear the sum?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person83"> Joseph Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person83" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person83" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . No, I did not. I have seen Smith-give Hall bills for different sums, and upon different bankers; some for twelve guineas, some ten, and some eighteen. One time in October, I believe there were two bills for eighteen guineas; they had connections together; they gave one another bills. Smith has shewed me a bill that Hall gave him, and I know it to be Hall's hand-writing. I have seen two or three such.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen Smith write.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person84"> Joseph Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person84" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person84" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have several times. I have seen Hall write also.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this bill. (He takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person85"> Joseph Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person85" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person85" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The body of this draft is Hall's hand-writing, and the signing is Smith's.</p>
<p>Q. to
<persName id="t17690112-3-person86"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person86" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person86" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Did not you say Smith wrote the note?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person87"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person87" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person87" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was only speaking to the name Smith.</p>
<p>Q. Who wrote the body of it?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-3-person88"> Abraham Bareau
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person88" type="surname" value="Bareau"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person88" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-3-person88" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . That is Hall's writing.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-3-verdict14" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-3-verdict14" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-3-punish15" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-3-punish15" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-3-defend46 t17690112-3-punish15"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>There was another Indictment against him for another Forgery.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-4">
<interp inst="t17690112-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-4-off16-c83" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-4-defend90 t17690112-4-off16 t17690112-4-verdict18"/>
<p>83. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-4-defend90" type="defendantName"> Francis Dudley
<interp inst="t17690112-4-defend90" type="surname" value="Dudley"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-defend90" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-defend90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-4-off16" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-4-off16" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-off16" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing the carcase of a dead ewe sheep, value 10 s. </rs> the property of a person, or persons, unknown.
<rs id="t17690112-4-cd17" type="crimeDate">December 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-4-off16 t17690112-4-cd17"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-4-person91"> Tho Milley
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person91" type="surname" value="Milley"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person91" type="given" value="Tho"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. On the 23d of December, between two and three in the morning, I met the prisoner at the bar with a basket on his back; I turned and followed him to my brother watchman. This was in St. Margaret's, Westminster. I stopped him, and we asked him, what he had got? He said it was venison, and that he brought it from Highgate, and was going to carry it to the Swan at Knights-bridge. I held up my lanthorn, and knew him.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120006"/> I said, What makes you come this way? He is a butcher. We took him to the watch-house: he was examined by the constable of the night; it proved to be an ewe sheep, with the skin on, and the guts taken out, and the fat taken off, and put into a wollen rag within the belly of the sheep. The belly was quite warm. There was this direction tied on the basket, To
<persName id="t17690112-4-person92"> John Franks
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person92" type="surname" value="Franks"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person92" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Newberry, Barkshire, to be left at the Swan at Knightsbridge, to go by the Newbury Stage. There was a knife and steel in the basket. The prisoner said it was delivered to him by one of the Marquis of Canarvan's servants, to be carried to Knightsbridge. We advertised the sheep, but cannot find the owner. There was no brand mark on the skin.</p>
<p>Q. Where does the prisoner live?</p>
<p>Milley. He lives in Westminster. I have seen him with a meat on his back about the streets.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-4-person93"> John Pugh
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person93" type="surname" value="Pugh"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person93" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-4-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , another watchman, confirmed the evidence of Milley.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had been to see my father at Southgate. Coming home, I met a man as I came by the Marquis of Canarvan's, at Southgate, he said he was servant there; he said he would give me half a crown to carry the basket to the Swan at Knightsbridge. I did not know what it was; he told me it was venison. I did not know a step of the way without going round. Coming over Finchly Common I lost my way.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-4-verdict18" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-4-verdict18" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-5">
<interp inst="t17690112-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-5-off19-c87" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-5-defend95 t17690112-5-off19 t17690112-5-verdict21"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-5-off19-c88" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-5-defend97 t17690112-5-off19 t17690112-5-verdict21"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-5-off19-c89" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-5-defend99 t17690112-5-off19 t17690112-5-verdict21"/>
<p>84, 85, 86. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-5-defend95" type="defendantName"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend95" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend95" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-5-defend97" type="defendantName"> Joseph Witchcraft
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend97" type="surname" value="Witchcraft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend97" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690112-5-defend99" type="defendantName"> William Dickes
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend99" type="surname" value="Dickes"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend99" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-defend99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-5-off19" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-5-off19" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-off19" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17690112-5-victim101" type="victimName"> Henry Landaway
<interp inst="t17690112-5-victim101" type="surname" value="Landaway"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-victim101" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-victim101" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-5-off19 t17690112-5-victim101"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17690112-5-cd20" type="crimeDate">16th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-5-off19 t17690112-5-cd20"/>, about the hour of three in the night, and stealing eighty pounds weight of beef, value 20 s. and thirty-two pounds weight of mutton, value 10 s. the property of the said Henry, in his dwelling-house </rs>. +</p>
<p>There was no evidence to the fact but
<persName id="t17690112-5-person102"> Joseph Christian
<interp inst="t17690112-5-person102" type="surname" value="Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-person102" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-5-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , an accomplice.</p>
<p>They were all three
<rs id="t17690112-5-verdict21" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-5-verdict21" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-6">
<interp inst="t17690112-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-6-off22-c92" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-defend103 t17690112-6-off22 t17690112-6-verdict27"/>
<p>87. (L.)
<persName id="t17690112-6-defend103" type="defendantName"> Alexander Mills , otherwise
<rs id="t17690112-6-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-defend103 t17690112-6-alias-1"/>David Wiltshire</rs>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-defend103" type="surname" value="Mills"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-defend103" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-defend103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-6-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-6-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a man's beaver hat, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-6-victim106" type="victimName"> Ann Rodbard
<interp inst="t17690112-6-victim106" type="surname" value="Rodbard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-victim106" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-victim106" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-off22 t17690112-6-victim106"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-6-viclabel23" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-victim106 t17690112-6-viclabel23"/>,
<rs id="t17690112-6-cd24" type="crimeDate">December 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-off22 t17690112-6-cd24"/>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-6-person107"> Nicholas Simmonds
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person107" type="surname" value="Simmonds"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person107" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to
<persName id="t17690112-6-person108"> Ann Rodbard
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person108" type="surname" value="Rodbard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person108" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person108" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , a
<rs id="t17690112-6-viclabel25" type="occupation">pawnbroker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-victim106 t17690112-6-viclabel25"/> in
<placeName id="t17690112-6-crimeloc26">Blackfryers</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-crimeloc26" type="placeName" value="Blackfryers"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-crimeloc26" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-off22 t17690112-6-crimeloc26"/>. On the 13th of December, about nine in the morning, I went to get a 5 s. and 3 d. out of a bureau, to lend one
<persName id="t17690112-6-person109"> Mary Wyld
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person109" type="surname" value="Wyld"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person109" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person109" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> : as I was locking the bureau. I heard one of the shop doors bang too. When I came into the shop again, there were none but the woman. I asked whether somebody did not come in? She told me, a man came in, and reached over the counter, and took a hat, and went out. I had taken it in about half an hour before. I jumped over the counter, and ran up the back-way, and in about a hundred yards I saw the prisoner running; he seemed as if he had got something under his arm. I pursued, and called stop thief, but nobody would stop him. I came-up to him and took him. I told him he was my prisoner, for stealing a hat. I took a hat from under his coat, which was not mine. I then took the hat from his head, it was a very remarkable one, lined with white silk. I knew it well to be the same I had taken in. I brought him to our house, there he acknowledged he had taken it, and said it was his first crime, and went down on his knees. when before the Alderman, he said his name was
<persName id="t17690112-6-person110"> David Wiltshire
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person110" type="surname" value="Wiltshire"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person110" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-6-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , but I found afterwards his name was Mills.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was going to the Borough. When in Black-fryars, a man happened to come running across, and dropped a hat, and I picked it up, and put it on my head, and put mine under my arm. This man called stop thief! I made a full stop. He came, and said, it was his, and took it off my head.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-6-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-6-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-6-punish28" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-6-punish28" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-6-defend103 t17690112-6-punish28"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-7">
<interp inst="t17690112-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-7-off29-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-7-defend112 t17690112-7-off29 t17690112-7-verdict33"/>
<p>88. (L.)
<persName id="t17690112-7-defend112" type="defendantName"> George Lucas
<interp inst="t17690112-7-defend112" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-defend112" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-defend112" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-defend112" type="age" value="fifteen"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-7-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-7-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a 36 s. piece, a moidore, seven guineas, five half guineas, one 9 s. piece, and a canvas bag, value one penny </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690112-7-victim114" type="victimName"> William Fawcett
<interp inst="t17690112-7-victim114" type="surname" value="Fawcett"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-victim114" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-victim114" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-7-off29 t17690112-7-victim114"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-7-cd30" type="crimeDate">Jan. 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-7-off29 t17690112-7-cd30"/>: ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-7-person115"> Eliz Fawcett
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person115" type="surname" value="Fawcett"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person115" type="given" value="Eliz"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to
<persName id="t17690112-7-person116"> William Fawcett
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person116" type="surname" value="Fawcett"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person116" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 4th of this instant I was at our shop, (my husband is a
<rs id="t17690112-7-viclabel31" type="occupation">butcher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-7-victim114 t17690112-7-viclabel31"/>) in the
<placeName id="t17690112-7-crimeloc32">Fleet-market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-crimeloc32" type="placeName" value="Fleet-market"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-crimeloc32" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-7-off29 t17690112-7-crimeloc32"/>. I observed the prisoner at my right side, very close to me. I was reaching down a neck of mutton. I cast my eye down, and saw my apron was removed from my pocket-apron. I was very much frighted. I laid hold of the prisoner's arm, and asked him what he had been doing? He said, he had been doing nothing. He told me his master was coming to buy some meat of me. I asked his master's name, he said
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120007"/> it was Isaac, and some other name I cannot remember. I looked in my pocket, and mist a canvas bag, with the money laid in the indictment in it. (Mentioning the pieces.) I still held the boy, while a neighbour came to assist me. I said, I had lost a canvas bag, and fifteen or sixteen pounds in it. We took the boy into the shop and searched him, and found the bag, with the money in it, concealed betwixt his legs.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-7-person117"> Thomas Toone
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person117" type="surname" value="Toone"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person117" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-7-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a shop in the Fleet-Market, I assisted Mrs. Fawcett. The boy, when he was first charged, denyed it, and said he would stand search. I took the bag from betwixt his legs, on the out-side of his breeches.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I shall be fifteen years of age next May. As I was going through the market, I saw a purse on the ground. I took it up, and pushed against Mrs. Fawcett; as I stooped, I put it between my legs.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-7-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-7-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-7-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-7-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-7-defend112 t17690112-7-punish34"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-8">
<interp inst="t17690112-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-8-off35-c103" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-8-defend119 t17690112-8-off35 t17690112-8-verdict37"/>
<p>89. (L.)
<persName id="t17690112-8-defend119" type="defendantName"> William Wilkes
<interp inst="t17690112-8-defend119" type="surname" value="Wilkes"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8-defend119" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8-defend119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-8-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-8-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 3 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-8-victim121" type="victimName"> William Sias Smith
<interp inst="t17690112-8-victim121" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8-victim121" type="given" value="William Sias"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-8-victim121" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-8-off35 t17690112-8-victim121"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-8-cd36" type="crimeDate">December 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-8-off35 t17690112-8-cd36"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-8-verdict37" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-8-verdict37" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-9">
<interp inst="t17690112-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-9-off38-c105" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-defend123 t17690112-9-off38 t17690112-9-verdict42"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-9-off43-c105" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-defend123 t17690112-9-off43 t17690112-9-verdict42"/>
<p>90. (L.)
<persName id="t17690112-9-defend123" type="defendantName"> Matthew Skinner
<interp inst="t17690112-9-defend123" type="surname" value="Skinner"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-defend123" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-defend123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-9-off38" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-9-off38" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-off38" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging, and counteirfeting an order, for the payment of money, directed to Mess. Fuller, Baker, and Halford </rs>, to this purport:</p>
<p>"October</p>
<p>"2 l, 1768. Pay to Mr.
<persName id="t17690112-9-person124"> James Brown
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person124" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person124" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or</p>
<p>"bearer, 15 l. 15 s. and 6 d. G. Humphrys." And for publishing the same, with intent to defraud
<persName id="t17690112-9-victim126" type="victimName"> William Saunders
<interp inst="t17690112-9-victim126" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-victim126" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-victim126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-9-cd39" type="crimeDate">October 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off38 t17690112-9-cd39"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off43 t17690112-9-cd39"/>. +</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person127"> William Saunders
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person127" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person127" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 22d of October last, the prisoner came to my shop; I am a
<rs id="t17690112-9-viclabel40" type="occupation">hosier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-victim126 t17690112-9-viclabel40"/> near
<placeName id="t17690112-9-crimeloc41">Aldgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-crimeloc41" type="placeName" value="Aldgate"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-crimeloc41" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off38 t17690112-9-crimeloc41"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off43 t17690112-9-crimeloc41"/>; he told me, he was recommended to buy three or four dozen of house, of 23 or 24 s. a dozen, and that they were for a person at Berry, who did a great deal of business in my way, and if we used him well, he would be a good customer; he looked out five dozen, which came to 5 l. 6 s. I asked him, what name I should make the bill of parcels in; he said, his name was Robinson; he then presented a draft for 15 l. 15 s. and 6 d. and desired me to give him change. He said, it was the last draft he had. I was hesitating upon it, but he appearing to be a reputable country shop-keeper, I was inclinable to give him change, with this precaution, that as soon as I had given him change, which was a draft upon Sir
<persName id="t17690112-9-person128"> Richard Glyn
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person128" type="surname" value="Glyn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person128" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Co. I intended to go immediately to know whether it was a good one. I gave him a draft upon Sir Richard for 10 l. 9 s. and 6 d. which with the 5 l. 6 s. made the money. I went to Mr. Fuller's, and found his bill was a bad one. Sir
<persName id="t17690112-9-person129"> Richard Glyn
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person129" type="surname" value="Glyn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person129" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's house being but two doors from that, I got to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-9-person130"> Richard Glyn
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person130" type="surname" value="Glyn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person130" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's four minutes before the prisoner came in. Skinner seeing me, he wanted to withdraw. He said, he would call again; they told him, he had better do his business now. He had my draft in his hand, and laid it on the counter. We went for a constable, and took him in custody. He said, he received it of one Gompy, and said, his own name was
<persName id="t17690112-9-person131"> Jonathan Robinson
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person131" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person131" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , that he came to town about selling a horse, and that he could neither write nor read. We went before an Alderman on the Monday. ( This was Saturday evening.) He there acknowledged another fraud of this kind. He said, he came from Sheffield, and that he received it of one Gompy, at a house in Goodman's Fields. He said, he should be glad to have Gompy taken.</p>
<p>John Vaughn. The first time I saw the prisoner, was at Sir
<persName id="t17690112-9-person132"> Richard Glyn
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person132" type="surname" value="Glyn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person132" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. I went along with him and Mr. Saunders, and Mr. Halford, to a tavern in the Poultry. He was asked his name. He said, it was
<persName id="t17690112-9-person133"> Jonathan Robinson
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person133" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person133" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and was lately come out of the country, I think, from Sheffield, and had the draft of one Gompy, a Jew, and that he himself could neither write nor read. That he had laid in Goodman's-Fields the night before, and had taken it there; that he had been in town but a few days; that he lodged, when he came to town, at the Three Nuns Inn, in White-Chapel, three or four nights, but had laid at the Fleece Goodman's-fields the night before; and that he came to town to dispose of a horse. But he was not consistent in the account that he gave of himself.</p>
<p>Q. Does any body of the name of G. Humphrys keep cash at your house?</p>
<p>Vaughn. I have been there fifteen or sixteen years, and I know of no such person. The draft is a blank cheque of ours that has seen filled up</p>
<p>(Produced in court.)</p>
<p>It is read to the purport as in the indictment.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence. </p>
<p>I received these drafts of Gompy, in order to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120008"/> get them off for him. I was very innocent of any bad design.</p>
<p>Q. to Saunders. How came you to find that the prisoner's name was not Robinson?</p>
<p>Saunders. When he was before Mr. Alderman Kennet, at the Mansion-House, he said his name was
<persName id="t17690112-9-person134"> Matthew Skinner
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person134" type="surname" value="Skinner"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person134" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Alderman asked him, why he had said his name was
<persName id="t17690112-9-person135"> Jonathan Robinson
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person135" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person135" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he answered, he was then confused, and did not know what he said.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person136"> William Geter
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person136" type="surname" value="Geter"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person136" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the constable. After I went to the prison with the prisoner, he desired I would see after Gompy; he said, he was sure I could find him. I went to the Three Nuns, in White-Chapel, and took one of the turnkeys with me. We were told we were too late by about 20 minutes, Gompy was just gone away with a horse, which he bought of the prisoner. We went to the Golden-Fleece, in Goodman's Fields; they knew him there, but he was not there. I came home, and went to the Compter to Skinner. The next day he was very uneasy that we could not find Gompy. I heard him say, he could neither write nor read.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person137"> George Waddington
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person137" type="surname" value="Waddington"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person137" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at the Three Nuns, White-Chapel. On the Saturday sevennight before this affair happened, the prisoner and two other men came to me, and hired a post-chaise of me, to go to Brentwood-Fair; they came back again at night, and lay at my house. Skinner rode a horse to the fair, and came back again on him: he staid at my house till the Friday or Saturday following. I imagined this horse belonged to the Jew, to whom I thought Skinner was servant. There were a little man and a lusty man, two Jews, that went with Skinner to Burntwood-Fair. I heard the Jew was named Gompy Humphrys, and on the Saturday, the little Jew came and demanded the horse. I was not at home. My wife said, there is a post-chaise, and Skinner's victuals and drink to pay for. He paid for the post-chaise and horse, and took the horse away; he refused to pay for Skinner, and said he knew nothing of him. This is what my wife told me, when I came home.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person138"> Samuel Oaks
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person138" type="surname" value="Oaks"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person138" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a scissars-maker, and live in Ironmonger-Row, Old-Street. I come from Sheffield. I knew the prisoner there; he was a scissars grinder. I believe, he can neither write nor read; he always appeared to be a very honest man at Sheffield. I suppose, he had not been come up long before he was taken up. I left Sheffield not seven months ago. I do not know what he came up about.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person139"> William Rogers
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person139" type="surname" value="Rogers"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person139" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a shagreen case-maker, and live in a court on Ludgate-Hill. I have known the prisoner about eight years: as far as I can learn, he came to London, but about a week before he was taken up. I came from Sheffield, I never knew any thing of him, but what was honest. I am pretty certain, he can neither write nor read. I hear this Gompy is now at Gloucester.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person140"> Richard Eglinton
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person140" type="surname" value="Eglinton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person140" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at the house of
<persName id="t17690112-9-person141"> John Abdy
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person141" type="surname" value="Abdy"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person141" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, at No. 5, in Oat-Lane, by Goldsmiths-Hall. I worked in Sheffield nine years. I came to town last Easter. I have known the prisoner eight years; I never heard but that he always bore a good character. I have heard he can neither write nor read.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person142"> John Edwards
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person142" type="surname" value="Edwards"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person142" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live on Ludgate-Hill. I am a journeyman case-maker to Mr. Rogers. I have known the prisoner near four years. I never heard but that he bore a good character. I never heard that he could write or read.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person143"> John Markham
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person143" type="surname" value="Markham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person143" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Throgmorton-Street. I knew him sixteen or eighteen years at Sheffield. He is a very laborious, industrious man. I never heard of his being in town, till he was taken up. It was commonly understood that he could neither write nor read.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-9-verdict42" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-9-verdict42" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>(L.) He was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-9-off43" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-9-off43" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-off43" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging and publishing, as true, a false, forged, and counterfeit draft, drawn on Mess. Fuller, Baker, and Halford, for 15 l. 14 s. and 6 d. signed G. Humphrys, well knowing the same to be forged, with intention to defraud
<persName id="t17690112-9-victim145" type="victimName"> Benjamin Hopkins
<interp inst="t17690112-9-victim145" type="surname" value="Hopkins"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-victim145" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-victim145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17690112-9-cd44" type="crimeDate">October 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off38 t17690112-9-cd44"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off43 t17690112-9-cd44"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person146"> Benjamin Hopkins
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person146" type="surname" value="Hopkins"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person146" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17690112-9-viclabel45" type="occupation">keep a shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-victim145 t17690112-9-viclabel45"/> near
<placeName id="t17690112-9-crimeloc46">Cripple-gate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-crimeloc46" type="placeName" value="Cripple-gate"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-crimeloc46" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off38 t17690112-9-crimeloc46"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-9-off43 t17690112-9-crimeloc46"/>. On the 20th of October the prisoner came to me, and wanted to look at some green tea. He agreed for twenty-four pounds, at 5 s. and 6 d. a pound, and ordered it to be marked
<persName id="t17690112-9-person147"> Matthew Skinner
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person147" type="surname" value="Skinner"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person147" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , at Doncaster in Yorkshire, to be sent to the Swan and two Necks, in Lad-Lane, and said, he would be at my house again in half an hour. It came to 7 l. 3 s. when he returned, he gave me this draft out of his pocket book. I was satisfied with it, thinking I knew the drawer. I gave him the remainder, which was 8 l. 11 s. and 6 d. then he went away. The draft was for 15 l. 14 s. and 6 d. I sent my servant to Mr. Fuller's, to see if it was a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120009"/> good note before I sent the goods; he returned and told me, Mr. Fuller said there was no such man kept cash-there. The prisoner was taken two days after, at Sir
<persName id="t17690112-9-person148"> Richard Glyn
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person148" type="surname" value="Glyn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person148" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. I saw him afterwards at Guildhall. (The bill produced in court.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person149"> John Vaughan
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person149" type="surname" value="Vaughan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person149" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This draft was presented at our house by a young man for payment, about the 20th of October, in the afternoon; who said, he came from Mr. Hopkins near Criplegate; I told him, no such person kept cash with us. When the prisoner was taken up, two days after, I went to Mr. Hopkins and told him of it. The bill read to this purport.</p>
<p>"To Mess. Fuller, Baker, and Halford, bankers,</p>
<p>"&c. Oct. 19, 1768, pay to Mr. James</p>
<p>"Brown, or bearer, 15 l. 14 s. 6 d.</p>
<p>"G. Humphrys."</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person150"> William Saunders
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person150" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person150" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . When the prisoner was examined before Mr. Alderman Kennet, he owned he received one draft of Gompy, and the other of two men, named Bonner, snuff-makers; and said he had two pounds for his share for paying the bill away; he very much desired Gompy might be inquired after, and the constable was sent after him, but could not find him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-9-person151"> William Geter
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person151" type="surname" value="Geter"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person151" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-9-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and George Washington gave the same evidence as on the other trial.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-9-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-9-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-10">
<interp inst="t17690112-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-10-off50-c132" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-defend153 t17690112-10-off50 t17690112-10-verdict55"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-10-off50-c133" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-defend154 t17690112-10-off50 t17690112-10-verdict56"/>
<p>91, 92. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-10-defend153" type="defendantName"> Ann White
<interp inst="t17690112-10-defend153" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-defend153" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-defend153" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-10-deflabel48" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-defend153 t17690112-10-deflabel48"/>, and
<persName id="t17690112-10-defend154" type="defendantName"> Mary Hinchley
<interp inst="t17690112-10-defend154" type="surname" value="Hinchley"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-defend154" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-defend154" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-10-deflabel49" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-defend154 t17690112-10-deflabel49"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-10-off50" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-10-off50" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-off50" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two guineas, and two half guineas, the Property of
<persName id="t17690112-10-victim156" type="victimName"> Samuel Patrick
<interp inst="t17690112-10-victim156" type="surname" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-victim156" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-victim156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-off50 t17690112-10-victim156"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of the said Samuel </rs>,
<rs id="t17690112-10-cd51" type="crimeDate">December 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-off50 t17690112-10-cd51"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-10-person157"> Samuel Patrick
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person157" type="surname" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person157" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17690112-10-viclabel52" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17690112-10-crimeloc53">a publick-house in Church-street, Edmonton</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-crimeloc53" type="placeName" value="a publick-house in Church-street, Edmonton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-crimeloc53" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-off50 t17690112-10-crimeloc53"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-victim156 t17690112-10-viclabel52"/>. Last Saturday was a week I had been out, and left my key by some accident in the room: when I came home, I was told Hinchley, the girl (who was my
<rs id="t17690112-10-deflabel54" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-defend154 t17690112-10-deflabel54"/>) had found a guineas in the room; I went and took the key, and looked at my money, and found, out of between seven and eight pounds, there were but about two pounds left. I accused the girl with taking it, she deny'd it: I told her I would put her in the cage, if she would not tell what she had done with it; she told me, she had put it down the vault; and mentioned four pieces of gold that she had taken in the morning. She confessed,
<persName id="t17690112-10-person158"> Ann White
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person158" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person158" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person158" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> had inticed her to rob me; and she had got my money. I took the two prisoners before a Justice of the peace; there the girl said,
<persName id="t17690112-10-person159"> Ann White
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person159" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person159" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> inticed her to rob me. The Justice ordered the woman to be put in the cage, and the girl to be in the constable's care. I went to the cage, some time after, to White, and there she confessed, she received three guineas out of the girl's hand; and in half a minute, she deny'd ever seeing any.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-10-person160"> Abraham Rowin
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person160" type="surname" value="Rowin"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person160" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am constable; I had charge of the prisoners; I heard the girl confess, she had the money out of her master's drawers, two large pieces and two small ones of gold; and that
<persName id="t17690112-10-person161"> Ann White
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person161" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person161" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person161" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> inticed her to do it; she continued in the same story all the time she was in my custody. The woman and the girl had several quarrels. The woman said, What a sad thing you have brought me to? And the girl said, Mother White, what have you brought me to? Upon their examination, the girl confessed the same. The woman always declared her innocence. I know no ill of the woman, but that she is apt to tipple a little.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-10-person162"> William Witaker
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person162" type="surname" value="Witaker"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person162" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at the cage, on the Sunday night: I heard the woman say, the girl brought three guineas to her and put them into her hand.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-10-person163"> Margaret Clark
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person163" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person163" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person163" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I heard the woman say, the girl put three guineas into her hand.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-10-person164"> Sarah Murry
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person164" type="surname" value="Murry"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person164" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-person164" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I heard the woman say, the girl put three guineas into her hand.</p>
<p>Hinchley's Defence.</p>
<p>This woman bid me rob my master, I had known her a long while, I took the money and gave it to her.</p>
<p>White,
<rs id="t17690112-10-verdict55" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-10-verdict55" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>Hinchley,
<rs id="t17690112-10-verdict56" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-10-verdict56" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-10-verdict56" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Guilty, 39 s. </rs>
<rs id="t17690112-10-punish57" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-10-punish57" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-10-defend154 t17690112-10-punish57"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-11">
<interp inst="t17690112-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-11-off58-c143" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-11-defend166 t17690112-11-off58 t17690112-11-verdict62"/>
<p>93. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-11-defend166" type="defendantName"> Thomas Metcalf
<interp inst="t17690112-11-defend166" type="surname" value="Metcalf"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-defend166" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-defend166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-defend166" type="age" value="fifteen"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-11-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-11-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one guinea, and one quarter guinea </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690112-11-victim168" type="victimName"> Matthew Walburn
<interp inst="t17690112-11-victim168" type="surname" value="Walburn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-victim168" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-victim168" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-11-off58 t17690112-11-victim168"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-11-cd59" type="crimeDate">Dec. 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-11-off58 t17690112-11-cd59"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-11-person169"> Matthew Walburn
<interp inst="t17690112-11-person169" type="surname" value="Walburn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-person169" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at the
<placeName id="t17690112-11-crimeloc60">Coach and Horses, a publick-house, in Great Marlborough-Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-crimeloc60" type="placeName" value="Coach and Horses, a publick-house, in Great Marlborough-Street"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-11-crimeloc60" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-11-off58 t17690112-11-crimeloc60"/>. The prisoner was my
<rs id="t17690112-11-deflabel61" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-11-defend166 t17690112-11-deflabel61"/> about three months; I mist a guinea out of my till; I was told the same day by Mr. Wilmot, the boy at the bar had changed a 5 s. and 3 d. piece. I searched his pocket, but found nothing. When I charged him with it, he said, he changed that piece for a gentleman in the tap-room. In about a quarter of an hour after, the boy went up stairs, and put his clothes out at a window, and made off. On the 14th of December I took him again, and before Justice Spinage he owned he took a guinea, and a 5 s. and 3 d. piece.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120010"/>Mr. Wilmot. On the 3d of December, the boy at the bar came in the evening, and I chang'd a 5 s. and 3 d. piece for him: I had some suspicion he did not get it honestly, so I told his master of it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I am guilty. I am but fifteen years old.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-11-verdict62" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-11-verdict62" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-11-punish63" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-11-punish63" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-11-defend166 t17690112-11-punish63"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-12">
<interp inst="t17690112-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-12-off65-c146" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-defend171 t17690112-12-off65 t17690112-12-verdict69"/>
<p>94. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-12-defend171" type="defendantName"> Mary Bartram
<interp inst="t17690112-12-defend171" type="surname" value="Bartram"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-defend171" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-defend171" type="gender" value="female"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-defend171" type="age" value="seventeen"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-12-deflabel64" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-defend171 t17690112-12-deflabel64"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-12-off65" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-12-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three silver table-spoons, value 15 s. one silver tea-strainer, value 1 s. and 4 l. in money, numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690112-12-victim173" type="victimName"> John Free
<interp inst="t17690112-12-victim173" type="surname" value="Free"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-victim173" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-victim173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-off65 t17690112-12-victim173"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-12-cd66" type="crimeDate">December 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-off65 t17690112-12-cd66"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-12-person174"> John Free
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person174" type="surname" value="Free"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person174" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17690112-12-viclabel67" type="occupation">victualler</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-victim173 t17690112-12-viclabel67"/>, and live in
<placeName id="t17690112-12-crimeloc68">Vine-street, Piccadilly</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="Vine-street, Piccadilly"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-off65 t17690112-12-crimeloc68"/>. The girl lived facing me; she had use to come to my house for drink. Betwixt six and seven at night, on the 3d of December, I had a great deal of company. I went up stairs for change, I found my bureau broke open. I ran down stairs, and said I am robb'd, but don't know of what. The man, that I wanted change for, went up then with me; then I mix three silver table-spoons; and there were upwards of four pounds missing from my money. I don't know justly, how much money I had in the drawer; but I know there must be more than four pounds gone. Whoever did it, got over the stair-foot-door, that is six feet ten inches high, and struck a light, got into the closet, and at the top of wood away over the bolt of the bureau, and wrenched it up with the poker that I found near it. That night sevennight, being Saturday, I was sent for to Mr. Brown's, in Marybone-street, where I found the prisoner; I brought her to my house, and asked her, who was confederate with her; imagining she could not get over the door, without somebody lifting her up. This handkerchief, (producing one) my property, was found upon her; it was taken out of a drawer under the desk, in the bureau. I examined her about the money, she did not deny it; she said, she got over the door very well, by putting the shutter of the street door against it, and getting upon that first. She would not own any body was concern'd with her.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-12-person175"> William James
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person175" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person175" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, in Glasshouse-street. The prisoner pledged a table-spoon with me, on the 5th of December, for 4 s. and 6 d. She said she brought it for one Mrs. Hughes, in Swallow-street, and that she was servant to her at the time. (Produced and deposed to by the Prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-12-person176"> Nathaniel Brown
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person176" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person176" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, in Marybone-street. On the 10th of December, about five in the evening, the prisoner came and brought this table-spoon and strainer to pledge. (Produced and deposed to by Prosecutor.) She wanted 7 s. and 6 d. upon them. She said, she brought them from her mother. I asked her her name, she said it was
<persName id="t17690112-12-person177"> Elizabeth Dane
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person177" type="surname" value="Dane"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person177" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person177" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and that her mother lived up one pair of stairs, next door to a tallow-chandler, in Swallow-street, and was a chamber-milliner. I asked her, how her mother came by it? (there was a crest upon it.) She said, it was left to her mother. I said, I suppose you have no objection to my sending my young man along with you to your mother? She said, No. I sent him with her. He soon returned, and brought her with him; and said, when she got to the house, and he knocked at the door, she ran away, and he after her, and took her again. She then went upon her knees, and begged forgiveness, and owned she had taken it; but it was from a relation, that lived at Tower-hill. After that she went on her knees again, and begged me to let her go. I said, I could not let her go, as she had confessed she had stole it. At last we got out of her, that she had lived servant in Vine-street. I sent my man for her mistress when the mistress came, she was surprized to see her stopt upon this occasion; she accused her with the things she brought the week before; and said, this is the way you came by them. Then she went on her knees again to her, and begged to be released. I said, All I can do for you, if you will be ingenuous to tell me who you had them of, is not to charge a constable with you here. It shall be at the option of the person, whether he will charge a constable with you or not. Then she told me she took them from the prosecutor.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in her defence.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-12-person178"> Mary Watts
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person178" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person178" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-12-person178" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have know the prisoner ever since she was nine years old. I never heard any ill of her character before; she has neither father nor mother; she is about seventeen years old.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-12-verdict69" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-12-verdict69" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-12-punish70" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-12-punish70" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-12-defend171 t17690112-12-punish70"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-13">
<interp inst="t17690112-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-13-off72-c153" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-defend180 t17690112-13-off72 t17690112-13-verdict76"/>
<p>95. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-13-defend180" type="defendantName"> Margaret Stokes
<interp inst="t17690112-13-defend180" type="surname" value="Stokes"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-defend180" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-defend180" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-13-deflabel71" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-defend180 t17690112-13-deflabel71"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-13-off72" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-13-off72" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-off72" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing a piece of silk and cotton, containing seven handkerchiefs, value 14 s. the property of
<persName id="t17690112-13-victim182" type="victimName"> John Hartwell
<interp inst="t17690112-13-victim182" type="surname" value="Hartwell"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-victim182" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-victim182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-off72 t17690112-13-victim182"/> </persName> , privately in the shop of the said John </rs>,
<rs id="t17690112-13-cd73" type="crimeDate">September 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-off72 t17690112-13-cd73"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-13-person183"> William Atkinson
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person183" type="surname" value="Atkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person183" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to
<persName id="t17690112-13-person184"> John Hartwell
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person184" type="surname" value="Hartwell"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person184" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-13-viclabel74" type="occupation">linen-draper</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-victim182 t17690112-13-viclabel74"/>, by
<placeName id="t17690112-13-crimeloc75">Charing-cross</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-crimeloc75" type="placeName" value="Charing-cross"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-crimeloc75" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-off72 t17690112-13-crimeloc75"/>. On the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120011"/> 21st of December the prisoner came into our shop, and desired to see some silk and cotton handkerchiefs. I shewed her about half a dozen pieces; then she desired to see some silk ones; I shewed her two pieces; she asked the price; I said four shillings a piece; she bid me six shillings for two of them: I told her, I could not take any thing less; she immediately went out of the shop: I turned to look at the handkerchifs, and mist a piece of silk and cotton; we had but that piece of that price in the shop; then I went out, and overtook her, at the corner of Buckingham-court, and charged her with it, and insisted upon her delivering it: there came three or four people round us; a gentleman took hold of her clothes, and shook them, and this piece fell down on the ground. (Produced and deposed to.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I asked to see some silk and cotton handkerchiefs; I bid him twenty pence for one; he would not take my money; I came out, and he came after me, and charged me with taking a piece of handkerchiefs. I know nothing of them.</p>
<p>She called
<persName id="t17690112-13-person185"> Mary Cozins
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person185" type="surname" value="Cozins"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person185" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person185" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-13-person186"> Lucy Whiteman
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person186" type="surname" value="Whiteman"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person186" type="given" value="Lucy"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person186" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-13-person187"> Elizabeth Williams
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person187" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person187" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person187" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690112-13-person188"> Jane Marsden
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person188" type="surname" value="Marsden"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person188" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-person188" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who said they knew no harm of her.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-13-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-13-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-13-verdict76" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty, 4 s. 10 d </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-13-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-13-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-13-defend180 t17690112-13-punish77"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-14">
<interp inst="t17690112-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-14-off78-c161" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-defend190 t17690112-14-off78 t17690112-14-verdict83"/>
<p>96. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-14-defend190" type="defendantName"> John Barrow
<interp inst="t17690112-14-defend190" type="surname" value="Barrow"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-defend190" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-defend190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17690112-14-off78" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-14-off78" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-off78" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> he, in a certain open place, called the
<placeName id="t17690112-14-crimeloc79">Green-park</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-crimeloc79" type="placeName" value="Green-park"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-crimeloc79" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-off78 t17690112-14-crimeloc79"/>, near the king's highway, on
<persName id="t17690112-14-victim192" type="victimName"> Robert Elliot
<interp inst="t17690112-14-victim192" type="surname" value="Elliot"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-victim192" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-victim192" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-off78 t17690112-14-victim192"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person a silver watch, value 40 s. one guinea, and 15 s. in money, numbered, the property of the said Robert </rs>,
<rs id="t17690112-14-cd80" type="crimeDate">December 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-off78 t17690112-14-cd80"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-14-person193"> Robert Elliot
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person193" type="surname" value="Elliot"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person193" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<rs id="t17690112-14-deflabel81" type="occupation">clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-defend190 t17690112-14-deflabel81"/> to the two gentlemen in the Debenture-office, St. James's. On Monday the 5th of December, in the evening, between six and seven, I was going from the office thro' the Green-park, towards Lord Bath's gate. A little before I came to the bason of water, at the top of the park, I saw a man coming towards me; and I saw another a little behind him: the first came past me on my left hand, he looked very hard at me, and I at him. I looked over my shoulder to see if he was gone; he was turned back again, coming towards me on my right side; I said, What do you want? he made no answer: I had a small stick in my hand, I struck back at him; it did not hurt him much. He ran in upon me; and while we were in the scuffle, the other man came behind me, and pulled me back in the mirey clay, by the side of the gravel walk: as soon as they got me down, the man that attacked me first, held a pistol to my face, and said, If you make any noise, I'll blow your brains out; they were all the words he said: they pulled my watch out of my pocket, and took out of my pocket a guinea in gold, and 15 s. in silver; I said, if you take my watch, pray don't use me ill. They then made off cross the field towards the Grove; I got up as soon as possible, and found they had got my hat; I called after them, and said, Pray leave me my hat; they threw me my hat again. I went to see for the keeper of the Lodge, but he was not at home. I went then home, and washed myself, being a little bloody; and then went and gave information of it to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-14-person194"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person194" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person194" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have no idea of either of the men; the man behind me I hardly saw; he that attacked me, had a dark surtout-coat on, and white stockings. I saw the prisoner about twenty days after the robbery was committed, at Sir
<persName id="t17690112-14-person195"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person195" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person195" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-14-person196"> Andrew Popard
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person196" type="surname" value="Popard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person196" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Queen-street, Tower-hill. On the 9th of December, the prisoner, with another man, brought this watch to me; I should know the other man if I saw him, he was a corporal in the guards. The prisoner pledg'd it as his own property; he said, he had been inlisted but a fortnight, and he had spent all the advance money, and wanted to raise more upon his watch. I then lent him only half a guinea; the next day, they came together again, and I lent them half a guinea more. About a week after that,
<persName id="t17690112-14-person197"> William Hallburton
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person197" type="surname" value="Hallburton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person197" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to my house. In the course of carrying, Sir
<persName id="t17690112-14-person198"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person198" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person198" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's bills about, he asked me, if I had taken in a watch, with the name Clay upon it; I said, I had taken in one, pawned by the name of
<persName id="t17690112-14-person199"> John Burrow
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person199" type="surname" value="Burrow"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person199" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I show'd it him, he took the number; and the next day I had orders to attend Sir
<persName id="t17690112-14-person200"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person200" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person200" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> with it.</p>
<p>(The watch produced and deposed to by the Prosecutor.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-14-person201"> Edward Rees
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person201" type="surname" value="Rees"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person201" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have been a soldier about nine years, I was along with the prisoner at the time of the robbery.</p>
<p>Q. How long has he been in the service?</p>
<p>Rees. He has been in the service about four years. We met this man in the Green-park; I went first, and the prisoner after me; I bid the man stop, he made a blow at me; the prisoner came behind him and pulled him down; he put his hand in his pocket, and took out his money and watch; then we left him, and went cross
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120012"/> the Park to a public house, and he gave me part of the money; he gave me a guinea and eighteen pence, and he kept the watch: he told me he had got only a guinea, and three or four shillings. I was taken up three weeks ago, last Tuesday, that was eight days after, by one Jones, for a highway robbery; then I directly told Sir John Fielding this story. I belong to the second battalion, and the prisoner to the first. He was quartered in the Tower at the time we did this.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any other soldiers with you at the time?</p>
<p>Rees. No. There were a couple of corporals used to give him leave to go out, and go on this way; and when we had done any robbery, we used to give them four or six shillings. Corporal Hudson used to lend the prisoner his coat, and he has got it on now.</p>
<p>Prisoner. This man is a very bad man, it is very hard he should be admitted as evidence; he has swore falsely against three of us.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-14-person202"> William Haliburton
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person202" type="surname" value="Haliburton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person202" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 19th of December, a countryman was stopt in the Long-field; he came and gave Sir
<persName id="t17690112-14-person203"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person203" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> information of it. He said he was robbed by a soldier; we took up one Drew, who told us, he had never been guilty of any thing but once before; and that was with one Burrow, a soldier; and that was over the water: accordingly Burrow was taken up. I went in the morning to this pawnbroker, to enquire after another man's watch, and by this means I found this.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never pawn'd it; I know nothing at all of it. I am a Devonshire man, and
<rs id="t17690112-14-deflabel82" type="occupation">belong to Col.
<persName id="t17690112-14-person204"> Gore
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person204" type="given" value="Gore"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-14-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's company</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-defend190 t17690112-14-deflabel82"/>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-14-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-14-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-14-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-14-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-14-defend190 t17690112-14-punish84"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-15">
<interp inst="t17690112-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-15-off85-c175" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-defend206 t17690112-15-off85 t17690112-15-verdict88"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-15-off85-c176" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-defend208 t17690112-15-off85 t17690112-15-verdict88"/>
<p>97, 98. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-15-defend206" type="defendantName"> James Cooper
<interp inst="t17690112-15-defend206" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-defend206" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-defend206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690112-15-defend208" type="defendantName"> Charles Wilkes
<interp inst="t17690112-15-defend208" type="surname" value="Wilkes"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-defend208" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-defend208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, for that
<rs id="t17690112-15-off85" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-15-off85" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-off85" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> they on the
<rs id="t17690112-15-cd86" type="crimeDate">22d of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-off85 t17690112-15-cd86"/>, about the hour of eleven in the night, the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17690112-15-victim210" type="victimName"> Isaac Pemberton
<interp inst="t17690112-15-victim210" type="surname" value="Pemberton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-victim210" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-victim210" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-off85 t17690112-15-victim210"/> </persName> did break and enter, and stole two linen shirts, value 7 s. two linen shirts, value 4 s. three linen aprons, value 7 s. one damask napkin, value 1 s. one copper tea-kettle, value 1 s. one box-iron, value 1 s. the property of the said Isaac, in his dwelling-house </rs>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-15-person211"> Isaac Pemberton
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person211" type="surname" value="Pemberton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person211" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17690112-15-crimeloc87">Ironmonger-Row, Old-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-crimeloc87" type="placeName" value="Ironmonger-Row, Old-street"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-crimeloc87" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-off85 t17690112-15-crimeloc87"/>. My house was broke open yesterday three weeks; I was called up about eleven in the night, and found my front door and the window open, but nothing broke as I know of. My wife can give the best account of the things that were taken away. There were seven or eight people in the house when I got up.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-15-person212"> Susanna Pemberton
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person212" type="surname" value="Pemberton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person212" type="given" value="Susanna"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person212" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to the prosecutor. I had been hard at work a washing, and was just got to bed, and in a sound sleep, when I was call'd up. I found the door and window open, (it was a sash window) and my line striped of things in the kitchen: I mist a tea-kettle, a box-iron, two shirts, two shifts, three aprons, a damask table cloth, and other things, as they are laid in the indictment; and other things which are not found. We have rooms on the ground floor, we lie in one of them.</p>
<p>Q. How were your door and window fastened?</p>
<p>I. Pemberton. We had lost the key to the window, so it was fastened with a fork on the inside; I had fastened the window and door about nine o'clock.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-15-person213"> John Adams
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person213" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person213" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a wire-drawer by trade , I lodge at Mr. Pemberton's. As I was going home about a quarter past ten at night, I saw two boys at the top of the court; Wilkes, I know, was one of them; I knew him before. They stood one on one side, and the other on the other.</p>
<p>Q. How far from Mr. Pemberton's house?</p>
<p>Adams. It is about 20 yards distance; I went down the yard, and as I was going in at the door, I met a lad with a bundle coming out. I went in, there was nobody in the house; I called out two or three times; then I perceived the boys, and one of them I believe slipt down an alley in White-cross-street. I laid hold of the two prisoners in White-cross-street.</p>
<p>Q. Were the three boys all together?</p>
<p>Adams. Yes, he with the bundle join'd the other two; Wilkes had this green apron on; (produced in court) I saw he had linen in it. When I had hold of the two prisoners, they dragged me about the street, and up into a place called White's Yard; I called watch; the boys tried to kick me up; Cooper got from me; I called stop thief; the watchman came at that instant, and laid hold of him; I still kept hold of Wilkes, as he let the things he had fall on the ground; which were the linen, shirts, shifts, aprons, and other things.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-15-person214"> John Lefeavor
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person214" type="surname" value="Lefeavor"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person214" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-15-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman, I was crying the hour 10 o'clock. This man called watch! stop thief! I turned back, and saw Cooper making off, in White's Yard; I laid hold of him; the linen was lying in the yard; I took it up, and carried it with Cooper to the watch-house. The
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120013"/> tea-kettle and box-iron, was taken up in White's-Yard, and brought in.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoners say for themselves?</p>
<p>Lefeavor. Wilkes said he picked the things up as he was going along.</p>
<p>Adams. The watchman that took up the tea-kettle and box-iron is not here. (The things found produced and deposed to by Mrs. Pemberton.)</p>
<p>Cooper's Defence.</p>
<p>I was along with one Ben, that sells trotters and neats-feet, in Rosemary-Lane, and met Wilkes; we were coming together. Wilkes went down the alley to case himself. We saw a man run out of the alley, and drop these things, and Wilkes and I picked them up.</p>
<p>Wilkes's Defence.</p>
<p>I went down the alley to ease myself, and we saw the man jump out, and drop these things, and we picked them up.</p>
<p>Q. to Adams. How long was you after the boy run out of the house, before you followed him?</p>
<p>Adams. It was about a minute.</p>
<p>Q. When you saw Wilkes at the upper end of the court, had he any thing in his apron then?</p>
<p>Adams. No, he had not.</p>
<p>Q. Where were the two prisoners when you came back to the upper end of the court?</p>
<p>Adams. They were then running down Whitecross-Street. They ran down very near three hundred yards before I laid hold of them. I saw the other boy slip down an alley, just before I laid hold of the prisoners.</p>
<p>Q. Was Cooper one of them you saw first? Or was it him that came out of the house?</p>
<p>Adams. That I cannot tell. Cooper, and the other, whoever he was, were looking one one way, and the other the other.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17690112-15-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-15-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-15-punish89" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-15-punish89" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-defend206 t17690112-15-punish89"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-15-defend208 t17690112-15-punish89"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-16">
<interp inst="t17690112-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-16-off90-c182" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-16-defend216 t17690112-16-off90 t17690112-16-verdict92"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-16-off90-c183" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-16-defend218 t17690112-16-off90 t17690112-16-verdict92"/>
<p>99, 100. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-16-defend216" type="defendantName"> Walter Watkins
<interp inst="t17690112-16-defend216" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-defend216" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-defend216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690112-16-defend218" type="defendantName"> George Memory
<interp inst="t17690112-16-defend218" type="surname" value="Memory"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-defend218" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-defend218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-16-off90" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-16-off90" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-off90" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17690112-16-victim220" type="victimName"> John Poole
<interp inst="t17690112-16-victim220" type="surname" value="Poole"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-victim220" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-victim220" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-16-off90 t17690112-16-victim220"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17690112-16-cd91" type="crimeDate">30th of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-16-off90 t17690112-16-cd91"/>, about the hour of seven in the night, and stealing two bed-quilts, value 5 s. a pair of linen sheets, value 5 s. three pillow cases, value 1 s. a shirt, value 1 s. two shifts, value 2 s. two pair of thread stockings, value 2 s. a white linen waistcoat, value 1 s. a mahogany fire-screen, value 2 s. the property of the said John, in his dwelling-house </rs>. *</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-16-person221"> John Poole
<interp inst="t17690112-16-person221" type="surname" value="Poole"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-person221" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 30th of November last I was robbed of the things laid in the indictment, (mentioning them by name.) They were taken out of the house. (I was not at home at the time.) About a fortnight after, a constable and a keeper of Bridewell came with Terrin the evidence, an accomplice, and asked me, if I had been robbed? I said, Yes. Then Joseph Terrin said, that he was concerned in it, and mentioned the things I had lost. I asked him how they got in? He said, they lifted up the latch of the door, and one pulled off his shoes and went in, and so conveyed my things out to the others. That there were four of them in company. I went with a search-warrant where he said the goods were carried, but could not find any of them.</p>
<p>Jos. Terrin. I went out with the two prisoners, and
<persName id="t17690112-16-person222"> Richard Dunn
<interp inst="t17690112-16-person222" type="surname" value="Dunn"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-person222" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-16-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who is not taken, to see if we could get any money. We went to the prosecutor's house. Watt Watkins lifted up the latch.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this?</p>
<p>Terrin. We got there between seven and eight o'clock at night. Watkins went in, and took the two quilts, and brought them out first, and after that the rest. There was no body went into the house but him. He brought out two pillow cases, two shifts, a pair of stockings, a pair of sheets, and a wooden horse, which they call a screen.</p>
<p>There being no evidence of credit to the fact, the prisoners were
<rs id="t17690112-16-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-16-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17690112-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17" type="year" value="1769"/>
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<interp inst="t17690112-17" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-17-off93-c187" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-17-defend224 t17690112-17-off93 t17690112-17-verdict96"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-17-off93-c188" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-17-defend226 t17690112-17-off93 t17690112-17-verdict98"/>
<p>101, 102. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-17-defend224" type="defendantName"> John Mantle
<interp inst="t17690112-17-defend224" type="surname" value="Mantle"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-defend224" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-defend224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690112-17-defend226" type="defendantName"> Richard Tirpinder
<interp inst="t17690112-17-defend226" type="surname" value="Tirpinder"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-defend226" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-defend226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-17-off93" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-17-off93" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-off93" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a saddle, value 2 s. 6 d. another saddle, value 12 s. a pair of stirrop-irons plated with silver, value 10 s. 6 d. and a pair of worsted girths and a saddle-cloth, value 8 s. 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-17-victim228" type="victimName"> Peter Parker
<interp inst="t17690112-17-victim228" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-victim228" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-victim228" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-17-off93 t17690112-17-victim228"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-17-cd94" type="crimeDate">December 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-17-off93 t17690112-17-cd94"/>. ||</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-17-person229"> Peter Parker
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person229" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person229" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in the parish of Hanwell, On the Tuesday following the election at Brentford, I lost two saddles out of my stable; I saw them over night, at about half an hour past nine, and they were missing in the morning between six and seven. They were plated stirrops, and girths to one, and a saddle-cloth. The other had stirrops, but no girth.</p>
<p>Q. Where is your stable?</p>
<p>Parker. At
<placeName id="t17690112-17-crimeloc95">the Castle at Brentford</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-crimeloc95" type="placeName" value="the Castle at Brentford"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-crimeloc95" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-17-off93 t17690112-17-crimeloc95"/>. The saddles were in my care.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-17-person230"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person230" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person230" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a sadler, and keep a shop in Oxford Road.
<persName id="t17690112-17-person231"> John Mantle
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person231" type="surname" value="Mantle"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person231" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> brought this saddle to me to sell. I refused to buy it. There was a gentleman's servant in the shop, he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120014"/> bought it, and gave half a crown for it. (Produced in Court, and deposed to by Mr. Parker.)</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of it?</p>
<p>Walker. That is the full value of it. Mantle said he bought it of a countryman that was with a hay cart.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Walker. I believe this was on Christmas-eve.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-17-person232"> William Demain
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person232" type="surname" value="Demain"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person232" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a sadler, and live in St. Martin's Lane. On the 21st of December, about ten in the morning,
<persName id="t17690112-17-person233"> John Mantle
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person233" type="surname" value="Mantle"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person233" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> brought this saddle to me to sell. I said, What do you ask for it? A Guinea, he said. I said, I am a little busy now, call again in the afternoon, and I'll let you know, after I have looked it over, what I will give. I suspected, from the appearance of it, he had not come honestly by it. (The saddle produced, and deposed to by Mr. Parker.) I said, I think I know the saddle, and the owner of it. The other prisoner was with him; he said, The gentleman thinks we have stole it.</p>
<p>Q. Did the two prisoners come together?</p>
<p>Demain. They did. Mantle made answer, and said, I would have you to think we came honestly by it, for we can produce the owner; he sent us with it to sell.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say, Sent me, or us?</p>
<p>Demain. He said us.</p>
<p>Q. Did Tirpinder hear him say that?</p>
<p>Demain. He did. I said, I would take care of it till the afternoon. They went away, and left it. I took it to the farther end of the shop. I never saw no more of them till before Sir
<persName id="t17690112-17-person234"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person234" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person234" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-17-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; that was the Tuesday after Christmas-day.</p>
<p>Mantle's Defence.</p>
<p>Going through the yard, I went into this man's stable, and picked the saddle up, and brought it away. I found the other saddle in the same stable.</p>
<p>Tirpinder's Defence. </p>
<p>I met with Mantle in Piccadilly. He desired me to go with him to the sadler's, and he would treat me with a pot of beer. He had but one saddle. I went with him. </p>
<p>Mantle,
<rs id="t17690112-17-verdict96" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-17-verdict96" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-17-punish97" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-17-punish97" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-17-defend224 t17690112-17-punish97"/> T </rs>.</p>
<p>Tirpinder,
<rs id="t17690112-17-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-17-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17690112-18" type="year" value="1769"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-18-off102-c196" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-defend236 t17690112-18-off102 t17690112-18-verdict101"/>
<p>103. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-18-defend236" type="defendantName"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17690112-18-defend236" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-defend236" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-defend236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-18-off99" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-18-off99" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-off99" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two surtout Bath beaver coats, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-18-victim238" type="victimName"> Thomas Dignam
<interp inst="t17690112-18-victim238" type="surname" value="Dignam"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-victim238" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-victim238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-18-cd100" type="crimeDate">Dec. 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-off99 t17690112-18-cd100"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-off102 t17690112-18-cd100"/>. *</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-18-person239"> Thomas Dignam
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person239" type="surname" value="Dignam"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person239" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 20th of December, or thereabouts, I lost two Bath beaver coats out of my fore parlour. I have no other proof against the prisoner, but the accomplice,
<persName id="t17690112-18-person240"> Joseph Terrin
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person240" type="surname" value="Terrin"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person240" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever find either of them again?</p>
<p>Dignam. No.</p>
<p>Q. Has the prisoner confessed any thing?</p>
<p>Dignam. No, he has not.</p>
<p>Terrin was not examined.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-18-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-18-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>(M.) He was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-18-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-18-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing two cloth coats, and a pair of leather shoes </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690112-18-victim242" type="victimName"> John Ince
<interp inst="t17690112-18-victim242" type="surname" value="Ince"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-victim242" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-victim242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-18-cd103" type="crimeDate">Dec. 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-off99 t17690112-18-cd103"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-off102 t17690112-18-cd103"/>. *</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-18-person243"> John Ince
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person243" type="surname" value="Ince"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person243" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost a surtout Bath beaver coat, and a pair of shoes, out of my shop about the 20th of last month.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Ince. I live in
<placeName id="t17690112-18-crimeloc104">Russell Street, Bloomsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-crimeloc104" type="placeName" value="Russell Street, Bloomsbury"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-crimeloc104" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-off99 t17690112-18-crimeloc104"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-off102 t17690112-18-crimeloc104"/>.
<persName id="t17690112-18-person244"> Joseph Terrin
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person244" type="surname" value="Terrin"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person244" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to my house the next day, about 10 o'clock, and said he would shew me the person that had the coat. I went with him to the Running Horse, in St. Giles's, where Richard Row had the prisoner in custody. The prisoner had my coat on his back. As we were taking him to the Round-house, he made his escape. We took him again, I think it was at the Golden Boot, in Newtoner's Lane, the same night, about an hour and a half or two hours after. When we went to the house, the constable stood at the door, and I went in. As soon as the prisoner saw me, he ran away; the constable laid hold of his clothes, but he got away, and a person unknown pursued and took him. We had him not long, before he ran away again. I had taken the two coats he had on from him; he was in his shirt. The constable pursued and took him again in about ten minutes. We brought him into the house. He insisted upon having my coat on again: we let him put it on, and the other coat too. Then we took him to the Round-house, from thence to Justice Welch, and he was committed.</p>
<p>Q. from Prisoner. Whether the evidence Terrin did not say he stole the coats, and said I was not with him?</p>
<p>Ince. Terrin said the prisoner was not guilty in taking my clothes, he not being with him at the time. He said they were together in taking Dignam's clothes, and that they carried them to Terrin's lodging; and then he (Terrin) came to my house, and Ward was not in company with him then.</p>
<p>Jos. Terrin. Ward went out with me on the Friday night to Dignam's house. I shoved up
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120015"/> the sash, and put back the blind, and Ward went in and brought out two coats: but when I went to Mr. Ince's, I was alone. I went in, and brought out two coats, and a pair of shoes. I put them up in my room. I saw the prisoner in about half an hour after at the King's Arms. I took him home, and shewed him the coats I had got; and on the Saturday morning he wanted to buy one coat of me. I would not fell it him. Then he broke open my door, and took all the clothes away. I had locked the room, and had the key in my pocket, while I went down Holborn for a man to buy them. When I asked him for them, he called me dog, and said they were none of mine, they were Pidgeon's.</p>
<p>Q. from Prisoner. What is the reason you did not indict Tiney Roach, a prisoner now in Newgate? He has been concerned with you in all your robberies.</p>
<p>Terrin. I did not know he was taken, till after this bill was found.</p>
<p>Richard Row. I was the officer. The prisoner made his escape when I was going to put Terrin in the Round-house. Terrin came and told me they had stole coats. Mr. Ince, I, and
<persName id="t17690112-18-person245"> James Pomeroy
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person245" type="surname" value="Pomeroy"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person245" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-18-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , went to the Golden Boot, in Cross-Lane. I ordered them to go into the house first, and I stayed at the door. Presently I saw the prisoner running out of the house in his shirt; I overtook him in about two hundred yards running. Assistance came up: then the prisoner said, Row, do not use me ill, I'll go along with you. Then we went to the Golden Boot again. There he would have the clothes on again. We let him. He swore he would wear Mr. Ince's great coat. Then we took him to St. Giles's Round-house, from thence to the Justice's, and he was committed.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>This evidence, Terrin, came into Mr. Porter's, where he offered to sell a coat to one Mr. Fletcher: he would not give the money he asked for it, which was half a guinea. I seeing three or four more coats, said this cannot be your property. He said he would wear it. I said it does not fit you; I will take it, and keep it till such time it is advertised. He said, Give me money to buy a pair of breeches, and you shall have it. I put it on. After that he went to Mr. Row, and brought him to me. Mr. Row told him, if he would stand to what he had told him, he would be a friend to him.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-18-verdict105" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-18-verdict105" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17690112-18-punish106" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-18-punish106" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-18-defend236 t17690112-18-punish106"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17690112-19">
<interp inst="t17690112-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19" type="year" value="1769"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17690112"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19" type="date" value="17690112"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-19-off107-c204" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-19-defend247 t17690112-19-off107 t17690112-19-verdict109"/>
<p>104. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-19-defend247" type="defendantName"> John Pye
<interp inst="t17690112-19-defend247" type="surname" value="Pye"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19-defend247" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19-defend247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-19-off107" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-19-off107" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19-off107" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a linen sheet, value 2 s. and a green curtain, value 1 s. the property of
<persName id="t17690112-19-victim249" type="victimName"> Abraham Kirby
<interp inst="t17690112-19-victim249" type="surname" value="Kirby"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19-victim249" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-19-victim249" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-19-off107 t17690112-19-victim249"/> </persName> , the same being in a certain lodging room lett by contract </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17690112-19-cd108" type="crimeDate">Dec. 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-19-off107 t17690112-19-cd108"/>. +</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17690112-19-verdict109" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-19-verdict109" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>. </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17690112-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20" type="year" value="1769"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17690112-20-off110-c207" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-20-defend253 t17690112-20-off110 t17690112-20-verdict113"/>
<p>105. 106. (L.)
<persName id="t17690112-20-defend251" type="defendantName"> John Wise
<interp inst="t17690112-20-defend251" type="surname" value="Wise"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-defend251" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-defend251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17690112-20-defend253" type="defendantName"> John Groves
<interp inst="t17690112-20-defend253" type="surname" value="Groves"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-defend253" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-defend253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17690112-20-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-20-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a wooden box, value 4 s. ten linen caps, value 5 s. two pair of linen sleeves, value 1 s. a pair of worsted stockings, value 2 s. and two linen aprons, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17690112-20-victim255" type="victimName"> Mary King
<interp inst="t17690112-20-victim255" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-victim255" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-victim255" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-20-off110 t17690112-20-victim255"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-20-viclabel111" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-20-victim255 t17690112-20-viclabel111"/>,
<rs id="t17690112-20-cd112" type="crimeDate">Sept. 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-20-off110 t17690112-20-cd112"/>. *</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person256"> Mary King
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person256" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person256" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person256" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 14th of December I came from Chigwell.
<persName id="t17690112-20-person257"> John Wise
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person257" type="surname" value="Wise"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person257" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came with the same coach. He, I, and the coachman, rode all on the coach-box. We came to the Bull-Head Inn, in Whitechapel. I had my box and a bundle with me.</p>
<p>Q. What things were in the box?</p>
<p>M. King. There were ten caps, two aprons, one white coloured one, two pair of shift sleeves, and a pair of worsted stockings. My box and bundle were in the boot. It was a very wet day. I stayed at the inn an hour and a half; so did
<persName id="t17690112-20-person258"> John Wise
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person258" type="surname" value="Wise"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person258" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The coachman brought my things into the room where we were. We had a pint of hot, and a pint of porter. The coach brought a hamper of fowls, as Wise told us; he said he was to see the hamper shipped. When I set out to go to my place, he told me he would carry my things for me. I told him I did not want any of his assistance. He said the hamper was going to London Bridge, by a porter, and my bundle might go with the porter, along with it. Wise would carry my box. We were but a little way from the Bull-Head Inn when we met Groves. I was going after my other things. A tallow-chandler from Stratford came up accidentally. Wise told us he had a hill of five pounds to pay the tallow-chandler. They went across the road to a public house, and had two pints of hot. Wise had my box under his arm. I was very uneasy, because I was going to my place. Wise offered me a coach, or would see me to my place on foot, which I said I was much obliged to him for, but would not accept it. When we went out from there, he insisted on
<persName id="t17690112-20-person259"> John Groves
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person259" type="surname" value="Groves"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person259" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's carrying my box as far as London Bridge.</p>
<p>Q. What part of the town was you going to live in?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120016"/>M. King. The place that I was to go to was in Wapping. Groves took my box. I was entirely a stranger to that end of the town; I had lived in Well-close-square, and in Shadwell, some time before. I thought they were going to London-bridge, as they kept walking along. I said, Pray, are we going to London-bridge? His answer was, Pray, Madam, come along. Groves walked behind with my box; he said he would go no farther; he was drest in a livery. Wise told me he was a footman to a Gentleman. Wise had his hand cross my back. I said, I was afraid we were wrong. He said, Madam, come along. I said to Groves, I should be obliged to you if you will tell me whether I am going towards London-bridge? Groves said he knew Mr. Wise lived somewhere here. I had staid behind to speak to Groves, as he staid behind. This was after he had delivered my box to Wise; and they whisper'd to each other. I was at that time somewhat behind; I can't tell what they said: after that Wise gave Groves my box again; and Groves kept on the right hand side for some time, and at last he cross the road, and ran away with my box; and Wise walked a great pace, and at last he set to running; then he cross the road.</p>
<p>Q. Whereabouts were you then?</p>
<p>M. King. This was by Cheapside, at the end of Bread-street. I ran after Wise; a gentleman stopt him; then I went up to him, and laid hold of his coat, and asked him where my box was gone. He was taken in at the Bull-Head, a public-house in Bread-Street. The gentleman heard what I had to say. A footman, that lives in the Temple, heard the account I gave; he stept forwards, as he told me afterwards, and saw Groves on Ludgate-Hill; he brought him with my box in at the Bull-Head to us; I was then in strong sits. The next day I went before my Lord Mayor, and gave the same account I have here, as near as I can guess, word for word; and they were committed.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Had not you made an appointment to go with Wise that night?</p>
<p>M. King. No, I had not.</p>
<p>Q. When was you in London last, before that?</p>
<p>M. King. I had not been in London four months before.</p>
<p>Q. Did not Mr. Wise ask you to go to a play with him?</p>
<p>M. King. He did, but I did not agree to it.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not say he had some fowls to carry to Dunn's wharf?</p>
<p>M. King. He did, they were in a hamper. The porter did not bring them in as I saw. Wise hired a porter to carry them; the porter went before we did.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not go to Dunn's wharf to see that the fowls were deliver'd?</p>
<p>M. King. No, he did not.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you stay at the Bull-Head Inn, in Whitechapel?</p>
<p>M. King, I believe we staid there an hour and half.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not drink plentifully?</p>
<p>M. King. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Were you not to meet at a public-house, by agreement, somewhere by Ludgate-Hill?</p>
<p>M. King. I was to go to my place, and no where else; and not to any place along with him. I knew nothing where he was going.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not hear Groves and he talk about going to a public-house, after you left the tallow-chandler?</p>
<p>M. King. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Whether there was not a little quarrel between Wise and another person coming along?</p>
<p>M. King. Yes, that person is my witness; upon that dispute I went up and got hold of Wise's coat; if it had not been for that, I should not have catched him.</p>
<p>Q. Did not Mr. Wise make str ong love to you coming up?</p>
<p>M. King. I don't think he did; there was something with him, but not with me; he did propose to make love to me, but I refused him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not walk arm in arm?</p>
<p>M. King. No, he clapped his arm behind me, and in a manner dragged me along, when Groves was behind with my box.</p>
<p>Q. What is Groves?</p>
<p>M. King. I don't know; we seemed to meet by accident.</p>
<p>Humphry Bradshaw. On the 14th of December I was going along Cheapside, opposite Bow-church. The prisoner, Wise, ran against me, and knock'd me almost backwards; his elbow came against my stomach. This was about four in the afternoon. I recovered myself a little, and an elderly gentleman came up, and said to me, Sir, he has shoved me, and two or three more the same; then said I, I will ask him his reason for it. He had cross the way, I ran after him, and catch'd him just by the corner of Bread-Street. I took hold of the cuff of his coat, he was in a
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120017"/> blue and white livery, laced. I asked him the reason for running against me, and several other people; he swore, and call'd me all the scoundrels and rascals he could think of, and abused me in a terrible manner. Said I, you are a very impudent fellow; I have a mind to send you to the Computer. Said he, You! I can buy 20 such scoundrels as you. Mr. Armiger came; and immediately, at the same time, came the girl; there were a number of people there; the girl catched fast hold of him, and said, Give me my box; what have you done with my box? I said, What do you mean by that? she said, he and another man had taken her box from her, and the other man had run off with it, or to that effect. Upon which I said, I was determined to take care of him; and Mr. Armiger said the same; we took him in at the Bull-Head, in Bread-Street, and sent for a constable. He abused every body in the house most grossly continually. I was obliged to go upon business and leave him there. The girl fell in fits soon after she got into the publick-house. I was before Alderman
<persName id="t17690112-20-person260"> Harley
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person260" type="given" value="Harley"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person260" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> the next day; the girl gave the same account, as near as I remember.</p>
<p>Mr. Armiger being a surgeon, was obliged to go upon some particular business, and could not attend.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner in liquor or not?</p>
<p>Bradshaw. He might be a little in liquor. After the girl was in fits, that night, about half an hour after we were there, a man came in and said, Has any body here lost a box? I told him there was.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person261"> John Harford
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person261" type="surname" value="Harford"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person261" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mr.
<persName id="t17690112-20-person262"> Daniel Wyre
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person262" type="surname" value="Wyre"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person262" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the directors of the East-India company; he lives in the Temple. On the 14th of December, I had been in the city, about some business for my master. I was walking home in the afternoon, and at the corner of Bread-Street, Cheapside, I saw a concourse of people assembled together. Wise, the prisoner, was in the middle of them; and the young woman was accusing him with having given another man her box, who had run with it; and that he had proposed to see her home to Gravel-lane, Wapping, and had brought her out of her way. Upon this I walked on, as there were some gentlemen that said they would take care of him. When I came to the Rose and King's Head, on Ludgate-Hill, at the end of the entry stood Groves, with a box under his arm, in the street, looking towards St. Paul's, as if he was looking for somebody coming: upon hearing the girl's declaration, I imagined this must be the man that had her box. Upon which I asked him, if he was waiting for any body coming out of the city? He said he was. I asked him, whether he was not desired by that person to bring that box somewhere, and to wait for him? He told me, he was. I asked him if it was not a servant in livery? He said it was. Then I thought this was the man that was represented by the girl. I told him that man was in hold, that had given him the box, and that he had better go into the house, or go back with me, and give me an account of the box: upon which he went forward into the entry, and began to equivocate. Some gentlemen hearing this, desired me to follow him, and take him in charge.</p>
<p>Q. What was it he said in answer to you?</p>
<p>Harford. He said, I had no business with the box, or to challenge him, and he would go and carry it into the house. I went into the house after him, he laid the box on the table where the landlord was sitting, and then said, we had no farther business with him, as he was desired to leave it there, and he would go about his business. He wanted to go away. I asked the landlord and landlady, whether they knew any thing of that box being directed there, or knew any thing about it. The landlord said, I had better send for a constable. He still wanted to get to the door. A man that was drinking a pint of beer with the landlord said, We had better keep the door fast, and he put his back against it. I told him, if he was an honest man, he would stay till the constable came, and give an account of the box. He said, I had nothing to do with him, and he would go about his business. At last, he went into a little room, where the landlord had been drinking, and sat down. The landlord went for a constable, who came, then we took him away to the Bull-Head, in Bread-Street, and the constable carried the box; there we found the young woman in fits; and there was
<persName id="t17690112-20-person263"> John Wise
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person263" type="surname" value="Wise"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person263" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> there in charge of another constable. Wise asked Groves, who had a right to take him into custody, and was very abusive to every body there. Groves said but little. Wise asked the constable, what authority he had to take Groves into custody; the constable took out a paper, his deputation, and gave it into Wise's hand. Wise gave it to Groves, and said to him, Do you take this Jack, I warrant you, we will cook him; or something to that purpose. They brought the young woman down, to see if that was the man; as soon as she saw Groves, she gave a squeak, and said,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120018"/> that is the man, and fell into a fit immediately.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did Groves say he was desired to bring the box to that place?</p>
<p>Harford. He did, and said, the other man said, he would be there presently.</p>
<p>Q. Did Groves tell you what he himself was?</p>
<p>Harford. He said he was in the warehouses in the India-House.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person264"> Richard Cowell
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person264" type="surname" value="Cowell"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person264" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 14th of December, in the dusk of the evening, Groves and this last witness came into my house; Groves had a box under his arm. I keep the King's Head and Old-Rose on Ludgate-Hill. Groves said to me, How do you do, landlord? I said, You have the advantage of me, I cannot recollect you. He said, he was ordered to bring that box and leave it there. The gentleman's servant said, he believed he had taken that box from a young woman in Cheapside, by the description he had heard. Then I said, it was necessary that a constable should be sent for.</p>
<p>Q. Had you received any notice that such a box would be sent, and left at your house?</p>
<p>Cowell. No, I had not. Groves said, he should not stay, but would go home; he had a wife and children in Petticoat-Lane. I desired an acquaintance of mine to take care of him while I went for a constable. I went and brought one, and the gentleman's servant gave him charge of the prisoner, on suspicion of running away with that box. He was taken to the Bull-Head, in Bread-Street. I went with him to see if it was as the young man had said. Groves went up to the prisoner, Wise, I found they knew one another. I enquired where the young woman was; they said, she was up stairs. in fits on a bed; we carried the box up stairs. She took the key out of her pocket and opened it, but went into a fit again. She shewed us what was in the inside, when she came to herself again. We brought her down stairs, she fixt upon Groves as the man that run away with her box.</p>
<p>Wise's Defence.</p>
<p>I was coming to town from Chigwell. This girl was coming upon the box with me; the landlord at Chigwell had a hamper of fowls, which was to be sent into Yorkshire; he told me he should be very much obliged to me if I would see them safe to the wharf. We drank two or three glasses of brandy to keep the cold out. It snowed all the day. We came to the Bull-Head, in White-Chapel; as we came, I desired the coachman to stop at a tallow-chandler's at Stratford, that I might pay him a bill, but he would not stop. Then at the inn, I asked the girl to go into the tap-room, she was very cold; I called for some hot, and sat by the fire an hour, or an hour and a half. I asked her if she would go and see a play; she agreed to go. A porter was called to take the fowls. The porter said, Madam, let me carry one of your bundles. She gave the bundle to the porter, and the box to me. I met
<persName id="t17690112-20-person265"> John Groves
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person265" type="surname" value="Groves"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person265" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and in shaking hands with him, who should come by but Mr. Duffel, that I wanted to pay the bill to. I desired the porter to walk on. We went into a house, and had a pot of brandy hot, and after that two more; I believe, we staid in that house three hours. I found afterwards, the porter had delivered the hamper, and her bundle to the book-keeper. We agreed at that house to go to the play. I having not ate any thing, when I came into the air I could hardly walk. When we went on, the girl held by my arm sometimes, and sometimes my arm was round her waist; we came as far as the Royal-Exchange. I desired Groves to carry the box on to such a house; I mentioned no landlord's name. When we came to Cheapside, she was sometimes a little behind me; there that gentleman accused me with running against him. I did not recollect it till they told me of it the next day. There I was taken in custody, near the corner of Bread-Street, and the next day Mr. Alderman Harley committed us both.</p>
<p>Groves's Defence.</p>
<p>I keep a house in Petticoat-Lane, and do business in the India-House. Coming by the church to go home, I met Mr. Wise and this young woman. He said, there is a porter gone on to some wharf. Then came Mr. Duffel. Mr. Wise said, he had a bill to pay him; they went into a public-house. Mr. Duffel asked me to come in and drink. I went in. I staid drinking part of two pots of hot. Mr. Wise said to me, You may as well carry this box, as another man. I did not know,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120019"/> but he was going to the other end of the town. I went home and returned. Then Mr. Duffel was gone. Mr. Wise and the girl were sitting there: we went out; he had the box under his arm; we went to Leaden-Hall-Street; then he turned round and gave me the box, and they two went arm in arm, till we came to the 'Change. I had not opened my mouth to the girl. There he let the girl go. Then I went to her. She said, Where are you going? Said I, Pray where are you going? She said, To Wapping. Then I went to Wise, and asked him where he was going. He said, Go along. I was going away. He said, take. This box, and carry it to the house the corner of St. Paul's Church-Yard. I took the box, and walked to that house, the Rose and King's Head, and waited about a quarter of an hour. I was going in, when I saw that gentleman's servant. Said he, Are you waiting for any body? I am, said I. Said he, There is a man taken up in Cheapside, and the girl is in fits. Then I went into the house, and put the box upon the table, and said, Now I believe, I may go. He said, No. I sat down about half an hour: then I said, I shall not stay here without you send for an officer. I staid a quarter of an hour after that. After that, they brought one of my Lord Mayor's officers. They took me to
<persName id="t17690112-20-person266"> John Wise
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person266" type="surname" value="Wise"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person266" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and from thence to the Counter. Going along St. Paul's Church-Yard, they pulled and hawled me along, and the gentleman's servant said, he would take care of me, and that I should not work at the India-House any more. The girl came down stairs, and said I was the man that had her box, and went into a sit again. They carried me to the Alderman, and I was sent to the Counter.</p>
<p>For Wise.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person267"> John Duffel
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person267" type="surname" value="Duffel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person267" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a tallow-chandler, and live at Stratford. On the 14th of December last, I met with the prisoner, Wise, near Aldgate-Church. He paid me 5 l. 1 s. and 4 d. on Captain
<persName id="t17690112-20-person268"> Rayment
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person268" type="given" value="Rayment"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person268" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 's account, at the Rose and Crown, partly opposite Aldgate-Church; there were
<persName id="t17690112-20-person269"> John Groves
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person269" type="surname" value="Groves"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person269" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and the young woman and he together, we all drank to each other very agreeably. After the reckoning was discharged, I came away and left them together. I always looked upon Wise to be an honest man.</p>
<p>Newton. I have known Wise four years; he lived with Mr. Blewet. I believe, he behaved extremely well. Mr. Blewet left him twenty guineas, and all his wearing apparel, and by a codicil, he left him ten guineas more; calling him his faithful servant.</p>
<p>Mrs. Newton. Wise lived servant with my brother.</p>
<p>Mr. Blewet. He bore a very good character during that time.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person270"> James Sims
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person270" type="surname" value="Sims"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person270" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a public-house at Chigwell. I sent six capons to go to Scarborough; and begged of
<persName id="t17690112-20-person271"> John Wise
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person271" type="surname" value="Wise"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person271" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> that he would see them safe to the packet-boat at Dunn's wharf, above Bridge. I believe, he bears a good character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person272"> James Woldridge
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person272" type="surname" value="Woldridge"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person272" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a chandler's shop in Little St. Andrew's-Street, Seven Dials. I have known Wise about seven years. I never heard any disrespectful thing of him in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person273"> John Hawkins
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person273" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person273" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Great Wild-Street. I have known him from a child, I always heard a good character of him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person274"> Thomas Magrah
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person274" type="surname" value="Magrah"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person274" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Clement's Lane, Clare-Market; I have known him five years. I never heard but that he had a good character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person275"> Thomas Ralfe
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person275" type="surname" value="Ralfe"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person275" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him upwards of five years; he has as good a character as any young man I know.</p>
<p>For Groves.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person276"> William Webber
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person276" type="surname" value="Webber"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person276" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. Groves was my servant between fifteen and sixteen years; he left me last May on account of his marriage, or I should have had him now. I got him into the India Ware-House, where he works. He married my servant maid. He is a very honest faithful fellow.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person277"> Henry Fletcher
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person277" type="surname" value="Fletcher"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person277" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; I have known Groves about thirteen years. I always thought him to be one of the most faithful, honest servants, that ever I saw.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person278"> William Webber
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person278" type="surname" value="Webber"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person278" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , junior. I have known him pretty near sixteen years; he was exceeding faithful, and strictly honest.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person279"> Andrew Mophet
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person279" type="surname" value="Mophet"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person279" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I have known him fifteen or sixteen years; he was a most faithful, honest, indrustrious man.</p>
<p>Captain
<persName id="t17690112-20-person280"> Richard Morris
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person280" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person280" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am in the East-India service. I have known Groves about nine or ten years; he is a very faithful honest man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-20-person281"> William Murphey
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person281" type="surname" value="Murphey"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person281" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-20-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq. I am in the East-India service. I have known Groves ten years, and I believe him to be as good a servant as a man can have.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17690112-20-verdict113" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-20-verdict113" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120022"/>107. (M.)
<persName id="t17690112-21-defend283" type="defendantName"> William Berry
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<interp inst="t17690112-21-defend283" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-defend283" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-defend283" type="age" value="thirteen"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17690112-21-off114" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-off114" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty shillings in money, numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17690112-21-victim285" type="victimName"> James Rudd
<interp inst="t17690112-21-victim285" type="surname" value="Rudd"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-victim285" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-victim285" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-21-off114 t17690112-21-victim285"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17690112-21-cd115" type="crimeDate">Jan. 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-21-off114 t17690112-21-cd115"/>. ++</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-21-person286"> James Rudd
<interp inst="t17690112-21-person286" type="surname" value="Rudd"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-person286" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17690112-21-viclabel116" type="occupation">keep
<placeName id="t17690112-21-crimeloc117">the Plough and Harrow, a public-house, at Hammersmith</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-21-off114 t17690112-21-crimeloc117"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-21-victim285 t17690112-21-viclabel116"/>. The prisoner was
<rs id="t17690112-21-deflabel118" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-21-defend283 t17690112-21-deflabel118"/> to me two years. On the 3d of this instant, I met him coming out of my bar. I asked him what he had been doing? He said, Nothing. I went to the bar, and found the till open, and the bag half out. I put my hand into the prisoner's pocket, and took out thirty-one shillings in silver. We often leave the till unlocked. I took him up into his room, thinking he would confess what he was going to do with it. He would not confess any things. I sent for a constable and took him before Justice Welch; there he owned to it, and said, it was the first time he had done so. He owned he took about twenty shillings, but said the rest of the money was his own.</p>
<p>Q. How old is he?</p>
<p>Rudd. He is thirteen years of age. His mother lives at Richmond.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-21-person287"> John Merridan
<interp inst="t17690112-21-person287" type="surname" value="Merridan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-person287" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-21-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the constable. I heard the prisoner confess, he took about twenty shillings of his master's money.</p>
<p>The Prisoner said nothing in his defence. </p>
<p>
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<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-21-defend283 t17690112-21-punish120"/> T </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>108, 109. (M.)
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<interp inst="t17690112-22-defend289" type="surname" value="BALFE"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defend289" type="given" value="LAURENCE"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defend289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , late of the
<placeName id="t17690112-22-defloc121">parish of Hanwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defloc121" type="placeName" value="parish of Hanwell"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defloc121" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-defend289 t17690112-22-defloc121"/>, in the country of Middlesex,
<rs id="t17690112-22-deflabel122" type="occupation">labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-defend289 t17690112-22-deflabel122"/>, and
<persName id="t17690112-22-defend290" type="defendantName"> Edward Quirk , late of the same place, labourer, otherwise called
<rs id="t17690112-22-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-defend290 t17690112-22-alias-2"/>Edward Kirk</rs> , late of the same place, labourer, otherwise called
<rs id="t17690112-22-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-defend290 t17690112-22-alias-3"/>Edward M'Quirk</rs>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defend290" type="surname" value="Quirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defend290" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-defend290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , late of the same place, labourer, were indicted,
<rs id="t17690112-22-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17690112-22-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> together with a certain other person, to the jurors as yet unknown, not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil, on the
<rs id="t17690112-22-cd124" type="crimeDate">eighth day of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-off123 t17690112-22-cd124"/>, in the ninth year of the reign of our Sovereign Lord
<persName id="t17690112-22-person294"> George
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person294" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> the Third, king of Great Britain, &c. with force and arms at New Brentford, in the
<placeName id="t17690112-22-crimeloc125">parish of Hanwell aforesaid, in the said county of Middlesex</placeName>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-crimeloc125" type="placeName" value="parish of Hanwell aforesaid, in the said county of Middlesex"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-crimeloc125" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-off123 t17690112-22-crimeloc125"/>, in and upon one
<persName id="t17690112-22-victim296" type="victimName"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-victim296" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-victim296" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-victim296" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17690112-22-off123 t17690112-22-victim296"/> </persName> , in the peace of God and of our said Lord the King, then and there, being feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did make an assault, and that the said person, to the jurors as yet unknown, with a certain stick, of the value of one penny, which the said person in his right-hand then and there had and held, the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person297"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person297" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person297" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in and upon the upper part of the head of him the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person298"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person298" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person298" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , then and there feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did strike, giving to the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person299"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person299" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person299" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , then and there, with the stick aforesaid, by the stroke aforesaid, in manner aforesaid, in and upon upon the upper part of the head of him the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person300"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person300" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person300" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one mortal wound of the length of two inches, and of the depth of half an inch, of which said mortal wound the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person301"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person301" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person301" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on and from the said eighth day of December, in the ninth year aforesaid, until and upon the fourteenth day of December, in the ninth year aforesaid, as well at New Brentford aforesaid, in the said parish of Hanwell, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid, as at the parish of Saint Mary le Bone, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid, did languish and languishing did live, and then and there, that is to say, on the said fourteenth day of December, in the ninth year aforesaid, at the parish of Saint Mary le Bone, in the county of Middlesex aforesaid, he the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person302"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person302" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person302" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of the mortal wound aforesaid, died. And that the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person303"> Lawrence Balfe
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person303" type="surname" value="Balfe"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person303" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690112-22-person304"> Edward Quirk
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person304" type="surname" value="Quirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person304" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise called
<persName id="t17690112-22-person305"> Edward Kirk
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person305" type="surname" value="Kirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person305" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise called
<persName id="t17690112-22-person306"> Edward M'Quirk
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person306" type="surname" value="M'Quirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person306" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, were present, aiding,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120023"/> helping, abetting, comforting, assisting, and maintaining the said person, to the jurors as yet unknown, the felony and murder aforesaid, in manner and form aforesaid, to do and commit. And so the jurors, upon their oath aforesaid, do say, that the said person, so to the jurors as yet unknown, and the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person307"> Lawrence Balfe
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person307" type="surname" value="Balfe"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person307" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person308"> Edward Quirk
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person308" type="surname" value="Quirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person308" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise called
<persName id="t17690112-22-person309"> Edward Kirk
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person309" type="surname" value="Kirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person309" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise called
<persName id="t17690112-22-person310"> Edward M'Quirk
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person310" type="surname" value="M'Quirk"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person310" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the said
<persName id="t17690112-22-person311"> George Clarke
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person311" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person311" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in manner and form aforesaid, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did kill and murder, against the peace of our said Lord the King, his crown and dignity </rs>. * + || ++</p>
<p>The prisoners challenged
<persName id="t17690112-22-person312"> Silver Crispin
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person312" type="surname" value="Crispin"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person312" type="given" value="Silver"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person312" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-22-person313"> William Sharp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person313" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person313" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690112-22-person314"> Lawrence De Rippe
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person314" type="surname" value="De Rippe"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person314" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person314" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>The Jury sworn.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person315" type="jurorName"> Henry Atkins
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person315" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person315" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person315" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person316" type="jurorName"> Thomas Lovett
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person316" type="surname" value="Lovett"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person316" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person316" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person317" type="jurorName"> William Wilkinson
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person317" type="surname" value="Wilkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person317" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person317" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person318" type="jurorName"> John Braithweight
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person318" type="surname" value="Braithweight"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person318" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person318" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person319" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Morgan
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person319" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person319" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person319" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person320" type="jurorName"> Thomas Taylor
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person320" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person320" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person320" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person321" type="jurorName"> Robert Gouland
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person321" type="surname" value="Gouland"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person321" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person321" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person322" type="jurorName"> William Halfpenny
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person322" type="surname" value="Halfpenny"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person322" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person322" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person323" type="jurorName"> Thomas Holgate
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person323" type="surname" value="Holgate"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person323" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person323" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person324" type="jurorName"> Alexander Sheen
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person324" type="surname" value="Sheen"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person324" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person324" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person325" type="jurorName"> William Creeland
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person325" type="surname" value="Creeland"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person325" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person325" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person326" type="jurorName"> Joseph Allen
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person326" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person326" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person326" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person327"> Mr. Serjeant Leigh</persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-22-person328"> Mr. Impey
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person328" type="surname" value="Impey"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person328" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person328" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690112-22-person329"> Mr. Adier
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person329" type="surname" value="Adier"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person329" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person329" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , were Council for the Crown.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person330"> Mr. Serjeant Davy
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person330" type="surname" value="Serjeant Davy"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person330" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person330" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-22-person331"> Mr. Serjeant Burland
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person331" type="surname" value="Serjeant Burland"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person331" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person331" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-22-person332"> Mr. Walker
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person332" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person332" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person332" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17690112-22-person333"> Mr. Lucas
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person333" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person333" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person333" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17690112-22-person334"> Mr. Murphy
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person334" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person334" type="given" value="Mr."/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person334" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , were Council for the prisoners.</p>
<p>After Mr. Serjeant Leigh had stated the several facts, as they will appear in the trial,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person335"> Robert Jones
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person335" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person335" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person335" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; was sworn.</p>
<p>Examined by Mr. Impey.</p>
<p>Jones. I was at the election at Brentford; I came there about eleven or twelve o'clock, the 8th of last December.</p>
<p>Q. Did you stay there till the riot began?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Jones. It began between two and three. It went on very peaceably till between two and three; I cannot be particular to a minute.</p>
<p>Q. Please to give the court an account what part of the Hustings you was upon. Did you look north or south?</p>
<p>Jones. The Hustings was oblong. I really cannot describe the situation of the booth. There is a narrow butt goes down. I was on the farther angle, on the right-hand-side, down below from the door, on the farthest part from the door. The door is in the centre, in the narrow part of the oblong. I was looking towards the people round the Hustings. The first part of the riot I saw was a scuffle between some of the constables and some of the mob. This was opposite the narrow lane that goes down to some getlemen's houses. I am an utter stranger to Brentford. They very soon overpowered the constables.</p>
<p>Q. How did you distinguish the mob from the constables?</p>
<p>Jones. The greatest part of them had a labe in their hats, with Proctor and Liberty.</p>
<p>Q. At the distance you were, could you see that label to read the inscription upon it?</p>
<p>Jones. They came on the part where they overpowered the constables close to the Hustings, and there I distinguished it.</p>
<p>Q. Did these people appear to be a scattered people coming from different quarters, or did they appear to be a compact body?</p>
<p>Jones. At first they were scattered, till they gathered together on a rising ground, where they became a compact body, and then they made a regular attack; they beat and drove every person from the Hustings, and knocked down every person that stood in their way, and pursued many of those who ran from them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any blows struck?</p>
<p>Jones. I did; and I saw people fall, down that were struck.</p>
<p>Q. Please to look at the prisoners at the bar.</p>
<p>(He looks at them.)</p>
<p>Jones. They were both there, I know both of them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know them before?</p>
<p>Jones. I never saw them before, as I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see them before the riot began?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Q. When was the first time you saw them?</p>
<p>Jones. The first time that I observed M'Quirk, I saw him strike, one or two persons, and they fell down.</p>
<p>Q. At what place and time did you first see him strike?</p>
<p>Jones. It could not be above three minutes from the first of my seeing him, that I saw him strike.</p>
<p>Q. How near was you to him when you first saw him strike?</p>
<p>Jones. He was about ten yards from me. He pressed on and struck another, and he fell down: then he went on, and joined the others. The mob threw bludgeons into the Hustings. At one time, there was one came in just where I was
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120024"/> presented to the opposite side to shift for myself, and I saw no further of it.</p>
<p>Q. Pray what kind of weapons did this body me?</p>
<p>Jones. They were very large bludgeons.</p>
<p>Q. Had M'Quirk a bludgeon?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes, it was with that he struck.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any more of it?</p>
<p>Jones. I saw no more of the riot then.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the other prisoner there?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes, but I cannot say I saw him strike any body.</p>
<p>Q. Though you did not see him strike, did you see whether he had any thing in his hand?</p>
<p>Jones. I saw him with a stick in his hand, a brudgeon I think; they were rather larger than a walking-stick, therefore I call them bludgeon. They were about three feet long, some more, some less; he had one, and was waving it. He was near the other prisoner; M'Quirk was before him.</p>
<p>Q. You call M'Quirk's a bludgeon, and the other a stick; were the instruments, each of them had, of the same kind?</p>
<p>Jones. I take them to be near of the same kind, large sticks, or bludgeons.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe the sticks that others had in their hands?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes, they were of the same kind.</p>
<p>Q. Have you since the riot seen the prisoner?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see them?</p>
<p>Jones. That night. It was between ten and eleven o'clock that I saw them at the Shakespeare, in the Covent Garden.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any conversation with them?</p>
<p>Jones. I had.</p>
<p>Q. Give an account of it.</p>
<p>Jones. At the Shakespeare, at the time a gentleman asked me to go there. (It was Mr. Allen.) I asked what for. He told me a person was to meet him there. I asked him upon what business. He told me, that one of the people concerned in the riot at Brentford that day had told him, that he would meet him at the Shakespeare at ten o'clock, or thereabouts. Mr. Allen was obliged at that time to go to the House of Commons, and he desired me to go and stay there. I and Mr. Hannam accordingly went there. After staying some time, I began to suppose that the man had deceived Mr. Allen, and would not come. I was just going away, when a person sent up to know whether a gentleman was up stairs that had appointed to meet him. I desired him to come up. Balfe came into the room. As soon as he came into the room, I knew him immediately to be one of those people that I saw from the Hustings at Brentford that day: then Mr. Hannam was gone. When he came into the room, he told me he was not the man that had appointed to meet Mr. Allen there, but he was his friend, and he would come. I told him that person (meaning Mr. Allen) would be there soon, but it was no matter, we were friends, and he might relate what he had to say.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. I should be glad to know whether, when you told him you were friends, that you told him you was a friend to Mr. Allen, or to him, or a friend to the cause?</p>
<p>Jones. The man took Mr. Allen to be a friend of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person336"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person336" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person336" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person336" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, and came there in consequence of that. I desired to know whether his friend was there, he said, Yes, and went and brought up M'Quirk. I knew M'Quirk immediately to be the same person I had seen at Brentford.</p>
<p>Q. How long might he stay before Quirk was brought up?</p>
<p>Jones. I cannot be certain how long; It was not a quarter of an hour. I told him that Mr. Allen would be there soon. I conversed with him concerning the affair at Brentford. Quirk told me he did not know what he should do. He came there to consult with Mr. Allen in regard to his safety. I told him he might safely let me know any thing he had to say to Mr. Allen. I asked him then how he came to be concerned in the riot.</p>
<p>Q. Had he said he had been concerned in the riot?</p>
<p>Jones. He had said he had.</p>
<p>Q. What led you to ask him that question?</p>
<p>Jones. Because I had seen him there: and when he came there, he did not suppose Mr. Allen or I intended to take him up, or take any advantage of what he should say.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. I object to this. This conversation relates to something that had passed between the prisoner and Mr. Allen before. I beg he may be asked whether Mr. Allen had told the witness, that he was to meet him there, to be encouraged, and to induce the prisoner to consider it as meritorious to declare what he had done at Brentford?</p>
<p>Justice Gould. I take, it my brother Davy's question points somewhat in this way, that when evidence is giving to the court upon the confession of the prisoner, the rule of law is this,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120025"/> That no confession ought to be produced but what is spontaneous, and not such that the party is drawn into by collusion.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. I think that the prisoner might be induced to boast of more than he had done.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. You suppose that this man was to host that he had knocked people on the head, in order to get a greater reward.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. I do not suppose Mr. Allen and these people meant that the man should say what he had not done, but if they talked of its being meritorious to the man, and the man was to think it meritorious, for which he was to have a reward, it was a natural encouragement for the man to increase that merit, and to say he had done more than in fact he had done.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. This is no sort of objection. I speak it in the hearing of my Lord Chief Baron, my brother Aston, and the Recorder, unless I mistake the rules of evidence. I look upon it, that where a man is intimidated with menaces, or drawn in by promises of favour, in that case no court of justice will ever permit such a confession it is against the very genius of the law of England to be given in evidence. What! if a man, without promising any favour, without rentening or menaces. In order to discover the truth, uses a stratagem to find out what the man has done, I do not see that that is not to be seen in evidence; I have no conception that that is an objection; I do not find they may escape with impunity, if you discover what you have done, or be sent to gaol if you do not, but only it was a stratagem of those people to get at the truth.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. The witness said, that he might safely let them know.</p>
<p>Justice Aston. I think this man should go on in his examination; he has said, that he told him he might safely let him know any thing he had to say to Mr. Allen, and he asked him how he came in the riot; he said he had seen him at Brentford, and the man did not suppose that Mr. Allen or he would take any advantage of him. Let the gentleman go on, it will be open for observation afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. What did the man say to that?</p>
<p>Jones. He made no answer to that, but I asked him immediately that question, how he came to be concerned in the riot, and by whose desire it was; he told me he was hired by a person, whose name was Tetam, or Chettam, and he was to have the same wages as at Northampton election; he said he was hired to go down there; that this Tetam was agent to Lord Hallifax; that the wages was two guineas a week, victuals and drink for himself; and as many men as he brought should have the same; and thought they had done their work completely for that day.</p>
<p>Q. Was the other prisoner present?</p>
<p>Jones. He was. I asked him whether he intended going down the next day if the poll continued.</p>
<p>Q. Which did you ask?</p>
<p>Jones. I addressed myself chiefly to Quirk. He said, he could not tell that, he was afraid there was such work done that day, that he believed it would be better for him to go to Dover in his way to Calais next morning. I had very little more conversation with him with regard to that, mentioning some particular parts of the riot, as I was a spectator. Balfe mentioned to me that he was hired by Broughton, and that he was to have a guinea for going down, whether it was for one day or two. He said, that though he was there, he had not struck any person, but it was such bad work, that he would not go down the next day if he was wanted. He told me, he had no dinner, as he was called down to clear the Hustings to make way for Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person337"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person337" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person337" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person337" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's friends. I told him then, that he might go and eat some beef-stakes below stairs if he chose it. I stayed till Mr. Allen came, and then I went away.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever seen either of them since?</p>
<p>Jones. I have. I saw them in the Round-House. They were taken to the Round-House that night. I went down to Appleby's in Parliament-Street. I gave information to Mr. Horne and others of this transaction, who thought it proper to secure these people. I returned with these gentlemen, and we took them to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person338"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person338" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person338" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person338" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. We mentioned the affair to him; he desired we would take a constable and secure them till the next day.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find them?</p>
<p>Jones. They were still at the Shakespeare. I had left Mr. Allen with them then at the Round-House. When M'Quirk found that I was not his friend, he denied great part of what he had before confessed. He did not deny his being there, but denied his either striking or beating any person.</p>
<p>Q. You say, he denied great part of what he confessed as to the striking, was that part of what he had confessed before?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. That is a leading question.</p>
<p>Mr. Impey. I did not mean to lead the witness, and if you knew me, I would not do it.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120026"/>Serjeant Davy. I know you would not.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. We are trying two men here for murder; let us do it with all gravity. Asking that question is improper; it is an illegal question. Do you recollect any thing move that this man said at the Tavern? That is the general question.</p>
<p>Jones. I would rather say too little than too much upon such an occasion.</p>
<p>Q. What did you mean by saying he denied great part of what he had confessed before at the Tavern? Did he deny having struck any body?</p>
<p>Jones. He confessed to me and the other gentleman, that he had orders to play about him (that was his expression) and said that he did play about him to some purpose. When he was brought to the Round-House, we wanted him to make the same confession there that he had at the Tavern, but he then grew sulky, and would not say any thing. He was ordered by the keeper of the place to be sent down; there is a place below; Balfe continued up, and he confessed before the gentleman there the same that he had before at the Tavern.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say at the Round-House?</p>
<p>Jones. He said, that he was there; that he was hired, but that he did not strike any body, and would not go again. He repeated in effect the same words he had said before.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Have you found out what these men are? What is their employment?</p>
<p>Jones. They told me, they were chairmen.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Did they mention any part of the town where they were employed?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>By Serjeant Davy.</p>
<p>Counsel. You are no voter?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know Clarke?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Q. He was no voter, I believe?</p>
<p>Jones. That I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. I think you say, the first disturbance you saw, was between two and three o'clock?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. No disturbance before?</p>
<p>Jones. I did not see any.</p>
<p>Q. Had you seen a number of people before in the day, with sticks and bludgeons in their hands? I do not know what to call them.</p>
<p>Jones. I saw a great many people with sticks in their hands by the Hustings, and I saw the constables take them from them.</p>
<p>Q. Had the poll began before you came?</p>
<p>Jones. I could not for a long time get to the Hustings.</p>
<p>Q. At what time did you get there?</p>
<p>Jones. It was past twelve.</p>
<p>Q. How long had the poll begun at that time?</p>
<p>Jones. I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Then you stayed upon the Hustings till the riot?</p>
<p>Jones. I did, till the pole was adjourned.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe, in the beginning of the pole, I believe, that the number of voters for Mr. Serjeant Glyn was much greater than the number of those for Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person339"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person339" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person339" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person339" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor?</p>
<p>Jones. To be positive with regard to that, I cannot; I know the majority was supposed to be great. There seemed a greater number of Mr. Glyn's voters than of the others.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you observe, that the proportion in favour of Serjeant Glyn gradually decreased by two o'clock?</p>
<p>Jones. I did not. I think to the contrary.</p>
<p>Q. You misunderstand me. I do not ask you with respect to the number of people that were about the Hustings, but of the voters. I want to know whether the number of voters were not very greatly superior in behalf of Mr. Serjeant Glyn, at the beginning of the day, and whether they did not very much decrease, and Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person340"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person340" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person340" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person340" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor's numbers were getting up, so as to get, in all likelihood, a majority?</p>
<p>Jones. It did not appear so to me; I cannot speak positively as to that.</p>
<p>Q. Whether at looking at the books, you looked round and saw the whole, as you was there as a friend to Serjeant Glyn?</p>
<p>Jones. I went out of curiosity.</p>
<p>Q. But you went to serve Serjeant Glyn?</p>
<p>Jones. No. If I had had a vote, I would have given it the Serjeant.</p>
<p>Q. As you was a man of curiosity and had no particular business there, I want to know whether your curiosity did not lead you to look round the poll books, so as to enable you to answer this question? My question is, whether you did not find the Serjeant's poll decreasing, at the time of the riot?</p>
<p>Jones. I cannot give a particular answer: I think otherwise.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120027"/>Q. What led you to think so?</p>
<p>Jones. That is a very odd question. It was from my observation.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe the books?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. From that inspection you thought otherwise?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath did not you understand at that time, though you did not look at the poll books particularly; did not you understand the opinion of your friends about you, that Serjeant Glyn's majority had very much decreased to what it had been in that day?</p>
<p>Jones. I answer upon my oath, I did not hear such an observation made.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath were there not some people (I do not mean people that had votes, or whether they had or no, I do not know) there with the names upon their hats of Proctor and Liberry, that were known friends to Serjeant Glyn?</p>
<p>Jones. Not any thing of that sort came to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. Were the people who had the words Proctor and Liberty in their hats shouting for Serjeant Glyn?</p>
<p>Jones. Not that I know.</p>
<p>Q. Were the people with the names Proctor and Liberty, bearing the voters of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person341"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person341" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person341" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person341" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor?</p>
<p>Jones. I told you before, they beat indiscriminately every man they met with,</p>
<p>Q. You yourself know nothing of any people being hired on the behalf of Serjeant Glyn?</p>
<p>Jones. I do not.</p>
<p>Q. You say you was led by curiosity; was you, or was you not, very busy and active in behalf of Serjeant Glyn?</p>
<p>Jones. The first day I was no more than a spectator upon the Hustings, merely looking on.</p>
<p>Q. Then you did not assist any body up to the Hustings?</p>
<p>Jones. No. I was not off the Hustings during the whole time.</p>
<p>Q. You saw the mob coming towards the Hustings, at some considerable distance before they came there?</p>
<p>Jones. The distance is not far. From the Hustings to the houses is not a great deal farther than to these houses. (Pointing across the Court-Yard.)</p>
<p>Q. Were not the people upon the Hustings thrown into confusion by the arrival of the mob at the Hustings?</p>
<p>Jones. The confusion began, I think, as they came and attacked the angle of the Hustings where I was.</p>
<p>Q. That is my question. Whether the people were in great confusion upon the Hustings, by the arrival of the mob there?</p>
<p>Jones. Where the constables opposed them, that was very near the Hustings.</p>
<p>Q. How long was it after the arrival of the people, before the poll was cleared?</p>
<p>Jones. I cannot be positive. I do not believe it was above ten minutes.</p>
<p>Q. Was it five minutes?</p>
<p>Jones. I cannot be positive as to the minutes. I was under apprehensions of my life, so that I cannot be positive.</p>
<p>Q. It is from that reason, that I am led to ask this question. The first is, whether you was not all thrown into confusion and consternation, by the arrival of the people?</p>
<p>Jones. I saw it coming on. I saw these people. I was not destitute of my senses, though I was alarmed.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know where Clark stood?</p>
<p>Jones. I never saw him, either dead or alive, that I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Was you employed, or did you employ yourself rather, in sending intelligence to the agents about the election that day?</p>
<p>Jones. Not at all. I went to look at one book and another round there, as my curiosity led me. Whenever I saw a friend, a gentleman of Mr Glynn's side, I told him, that I saw such a book, and there was a majority in that page.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not do Mr. Serjeant Glyn all the service, that lay in your power?</p>
<p>Jones. I was not employed by him.</p>
<p>Q. I ask you, if you did not busy yourself in that cause?</p>
<p>Jones. I told the friends of the Serjeant that came to poll, that I looked down the books, and there was perhaps eight to ten, or ten to twelve, majority.</p>
<p>Q. Did you mean by that, to serve the Serjeant?</p>
<p>Jones. I could be of no service to him.</p>
<p>Q. Whether the intent of your going to the Shakespeare was, or was not, to make these unhappy men believe, that you were friends of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person342"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person342" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person342" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person342" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor; and to induce, them, in expectation of encouragement, to make some confessions, with the design, when such confessions were made, to entrap them by those confessions?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120028"/>Jones. I had no design when I went there. Though I had no reason to disbelieve the gentlemen that told me of it, yet I staggered and did not think they would be there, when I was told they would.</p>
<p>Q. That is not the question. I ask you, whether your being at the Shakespeare, was not in consequence of a preconcerted agreement, between you and Mr. Asten, or Mr. Horne, or any body else? Whether your intention was not to induce these men to make a confession, in expectation of its being meritorious; and when the confession was made to you, as Mr. Proctor's friend, to entrap them afterwards?</p>
<p>Jones. Not as meritorious, but to bring to light. Those people taking us to be friends of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person343"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person343" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person343" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person343" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor, declared the affair to us, not knowing whether we were so, but they took us to be so. The man did not know Mr. Allen's name, he was to enquire (as Mr. Allen informed me) for Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person344"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person344" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person344" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person344" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's friend at the Shakespeare.</p>
<p>Q. Well, and the man not knowing who Mr. Allen was, you personated Mr. Allen?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Then the men were to suppose that you were friends of Sir William, and ready to approve of whatever mischief they had done?</p>
<p>Jones. I pretended to be a friend of Sir William's, to get at the truth of the affair. The men looked upon Mr. Allen to be a friend of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person345"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person345" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person345" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person345" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's; I told them that I was not Mr. Allen, but that I was a friend of Mr. Allen's.</p>
<p>Q. What do you mean by personating Mr. Allen?</p>
<p>Justice Aston. He said before, that he told them, that Mr. Allen would be soon there.</p>
<p>Q. What did you mean by telling the men, that they might safely let you know what they had to say?</p>
<p>Jones. That I should take no notice of it.</p>
<p>Q. Tell me this. When you had these men in the Round-House, you wanted them to make a confession, but Quirk was sulky and would say nothing; upon which the keeper sent him below. Now that below, is a place they call the Black-Hole, is it not?</p>
<p>Jones. I never was in the place in my life before. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. Is not this the place where the poor woman was suffocated some time ago?</p>
<p>Jones. No, that was at St. Martin's.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a place is this Black-Hole?</p>
<p>Jones. I never was there.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Now I understand, correct me and set me right, if I am mistaken in it. That he wished to have this confession repeated at the Round-House, that he had heard at the Tavern?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. That Quirk finding you was not his friend, denied his having struck any one, but did not deny that he was there; and then grew sulky and would say, no more?</p>
<p>Jones. Yes</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Upon that, I understand this They said, Well, we have nothing more to do with this man, put him down; but not to extort a confession from him.</p>
<p>Q. I desire to know, whether that is a common place of security for people charged with felony; or a place for punishing refractory people?</p>
<p>Jones. I can give you no answer about that I know nothing about it.</p>
<p>Q. After Balfe had repeated what he had said before, was he put into the Hole below?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. How long afterwards was in that they were sent to gaol?</p>
<p>Jones. I heard the next morning, at Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person346"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person346" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person346" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person346" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, that it was between eleven and twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. I ask you this plain question. When this man was sent down below, did you afterwards make any farther examination of Quirk; did you examine him again?</p>
<p>Jones. I cannot say positively, whether he was brought up again or not; we staid there a long time conversing with Balfe. He made the same confession there, that he had made to me in the Tavern.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Who directed Quirk to be confined in the Hole?</p>
<p>Jones. The keeper of the prison.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Did any body give him direction to do it?</p>
<p>Jones. He was desired to take care of them.</p>
<p>Q. Was Balfe put down?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Was there more or less said, than desiring the keeper to secure them?</p>
<p>Jones. Not that I heard of.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of any reason why Quirk was put down, and Balfe not?</p>
<p>Jones. Balfe, on mentioning what had been done, there was lenity shewn him, and he had a bed up stairs; one of us gave him a shilling for the bed.</p>
<p>Mr. Impey. You have been asked whether you
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120029"/> are a voter? I should be glad if you would tell who you are, and what you are?</p>
<p>Jones. I live at Fanmouth Castle in Glamorganshire; I am the possessor of it.</p>
<p>Mr. Impey. As there has been some insinuations thrown out concerning you, I should be glad to know if you have any property there?</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. I do not see the use of that.</p>
<p>Mr. Impey. You might be understood to mean, that the gentleman was hired.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. No, I say no such thing.</p>
<p>Mr. Impey. Pray, Sir, have you not a large estate there?</p>
<p>Jones. I have about three thousand pounds a year in Wales.</p>
<p>Mr. Impey. Are you a private person, or a magistrate?</p>
<p>Jones. I am a Justice of the peace.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17690112-22-person347"> Miles Burton Allen
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person347" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person347" type="given" value="Miles Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person347" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , Esq; sworn.</p>
<p>Examined by Mr. Adair.</p>
<p>Q. Was you at Brentford on the eighth of December last?</p>
<p>Allen. I was.</p>
<p>Q. At what time of the day did you go there?</p>
<p>Allen. I do not recollect directly the hour. I believe several had polled before I got on the Hustings. I will not even charge my memory with an hour, nor two hours on that: I will not chuse to do it. I was upon the Hustings before twelve o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe the course of polling while you was there?</p>
<p>Allen. I was on one side of the Hustings, seeing several of my friends poll there.</p>
<p>Q. Which corner of the Hustings?</p>
<p>Allen. The upper corner towards (I think) the constables.</p>
<p>Q. Was it the corner next the door, or opposite?</p>
<p>Allen. Next the door.</p>
<p>Q. That is the south end. Did you observe any disturbance at any, or what time, during your stay upon the Hustings?</p>
<p>Allen. Between two and three o'clock, I observed a very large party; (I don't know whether it is applicable to this point, I saw a parcel of butchers;) they went round the Hustings, and then went opposite the door of the Hustings, and there they rang their marrow-bones and cleavers: some time after this, (the butchers were about one or two and twenty I believe) it was past two o'clock, when a party got out of a little house upon a rising ground, opposite the corner of the Hustings where I stood.</p>
<p>Q. Where was that little house?</p>
<p>Allen. On the left-hand side, as you go down the Castle-yard.</p>
<p>Q. What distance might it be?</p>
<p>Allen. I can't pretend to ascertain the distance.</p>
<p>Q. We are not asking to an inch. How far might it be?</p>
<p>Allen. It would be very importinent in me to ascertain a particular distance.</p>
<p>Q. Were they so near that you could distinctly observe what they did?</p>
<p>Allen. O! certainly.</p>
<p>Q. What number did they appear to be?</p>
<p>Allen. The number was large.</p>
<p>Q. Were they a considerable number?</p>
<p>Allen. They were; it is impossible to ascertain to 20, 30, 40, or 50; there were a very considerable number.</p>
<p>Q. Had they any thing with them?</p>
<p>Allen. Bludgeons. - Every man that I perceived.</p>
<p>Q. What did you observe them do?</p>
<p>Allen. I saw them come up from that corner: they waved their sticks; they came round the gentlemen that were polling, but they did not touch them at the first time, they only waved their sticks, and then went to the other rising ground. There is a rising ground all the way along that part to another rising ground.</p>
<p>Q. Was the part of rising ground that they went to, the end of the Hustings opposite the door?</p>
<p>Allen. Yes. It was there as the first place that I saw them strike.</p>
<p>Q. What did you see them do there?</p>
<p>Allen. I am sorry, for particular reasons; I am sorry to accuse one of the prisoners at the bar, as he was the means of saving my life, that is M'Quirk. I saw the mob knock down several people. I went first to speak to Mr. Hill, to tell him of it, then I came back to my place in the corner.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. Mention what you saw done in general, and then come to particulars.</p>
<p>Allen. I saw them knock down several people. The first time I saw them, I went and told Serjeant Glyn of it.</p>
<p>Q. In what manner did they come on the rising ground?</p>
<p>Allen. That I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. How did you distinguish the persons you call the mob?</p>
<p>Allen. Round the Hustings the people were very much crowding. The first that I saw
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120030"/> them kock down, was close by the Hustings. There was a party came to where I was, at the corner of the Hustings, and knocked down the people immediately; friend or foe. I did not see any difference to one more than another.</p>
<p>Q. Were either or both the prisoners at the bar in that party that came where you was?</p>
<p>Allen. Quirk I saw in the first attack He was not in the party that came to the corner where I was on the Hustings. I saw him among the first party. I saw him afterwards among the people that attacked that part of the Hustings where I was. I don't know but that I might wrap out an oath or two. D - m you, what do you do here? And they gave me some of their favours likewise I received several blows.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see Quirk afterwards upon receiving these blows?</p>
<p>Allen. I did not think it was my business to get up to oppose a mob. I inquired for Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person348"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person348" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person348" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person348" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he was my man; there was a gentleman stood near where Sir William was. I went to Sir William. I will not pretend to ascertain the particular words that I might have expressed at that time to him, but it was to this purpose: Whether he meant to be returned for the county of Middlesex by a mob in that manner? Sir William declared upon his honour, that they were not his mob. They had Proctor and Liberty in their hats, I believe, at the same time. I went up to Mr. Sheriff Shakespeare, and remonstrated with him. What words might have dropt, I cannot pretend to recollect: I believe Mr. Shakespeare was of opinion with me, that it was a very odd affair. I returned to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person349"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person349" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person349" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person349" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on seeing a regular mob draw up on the lower side of the Hustings. I have seen men very often drawn up, but I think they were as regularly drawn up as ever I saw. They were headed by one man; they had clubs ready. Their mark was the side of the Hustings. When I spoke to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person350"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person350" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person350" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person350" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , it was before they came up to the Hustings. There was a house below the Hustings, and they turned up by that house; he had denied before, that they were his mob; I desired to know whether they were his mob or not. He declared to me upon his honour, that they were not. Upon that, while I was speaking to him, they came on and attacked the Hustings in that part, and knocked down indiscriminately friend or foe. There were a number of mobs, one attacked one place, and another at another. The prisoner, M'Quirk, was in this mob that attacked the lower side of the Hustings, where I was. I say nothing against Balfe.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. What, all at the same time?</p>
<p>Allen. Not immediately at the same time. Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person351"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person351" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person351" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person351" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> denying the mob to be his, some gentleman on the other side insisted upon his either explaining himself, or stand convicted. He came to the bar of the Hustings; one man came up and cry'd out, that no man should vote but for his honour.</p>
<p>Q. Was that man one of this body?</p>
<p>Allen. Yes. On the lower side of the Hustings on which Quirk was.</p>
<p>Q. Did he come up to Sir William?</p>
<p>Allen. He came to the outside of the Hustings. He was withinside the Hustings, and the man on the outside. Sir William Beauchamp came first towards the rails. I was close to Sir William. he was it my right hand.</p>
<p>H. Justice Alice. What did the man say?</p>
<p>Allen. I am sorry to say it, and I am ashamed to say it; I asked him who gave him orders; his answer was, Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person352"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person352" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person352" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person352" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Justice Gould. You say one of these men, at the lower part of the Hustings, said, No man shall vote but for your honour?</p>
<p>Allen. And he said, your honour for ever, and God bless your honour; and a great deal of that.</p>
<p>Justice Gould. You asked the man who gave him orders?</p>
<p>Allen. I did. He said his honour Sir William. Upon which I looked at Sir William, and then repeated the question to the man. The man made the same answer. I was not content with: only once.</p>
<p>Mr. Recorder. It did occur to me, and I expressed it privately to the learned Judge, whether we are regular and proper in this part of the cause. We are going on a conversation between Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person353"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person353" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person353" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person353" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and this gentleman, and a third person. It seems to have no relation to these two men; they are undoubtedly responsible for every act they committed, or assisted others to commit: but surely the question, Who was the original promoter of this mob? (some other person than these two men) to be now gone into by this sort of evidence, by a conversation between Sir William or any other man, where these two men are not parties, seems to be a question totally improper. A great deal of this evidence goes to prove that Sir William might be indicted by this, and called upon to answer for it; and it might be proper evidence against Sir William; but not against these two men.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120031"/>Mr. Jus. Gould. It will be impossible for me to determine Mr. Allen has completed his story in the manner he is going on; I think it is very all applicable evidence to a case of this sort. For suppose it should come out; not that it is to affect Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person354"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person354" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person354" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person354" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I have nothing to do with that now; I am to administer justice according to my oath, let it affect whom it may. But suppose it should come out, that any man, be he who it will, did collect together a set of men in an unlawful purpose, the very collection of that body of people, to excite that unlawful purpose, is a part of that body of evidence that is to be submitted to the jury, whether they did not come there to bring about every consequence and every event that happened? The result of that assembly. - Now, what is the account that this gentleman has now given? That one man issuing forth from the body of armed men comes to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person355"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person355" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person355" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person355" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor, as I conceive, just before, and in the presence of the rest of the body, thus assembled (as I understand it) and tells Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person356"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person356" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person356" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person356" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , No one shall vote but for your honour. No one shall vote but for your honour. Why then this gentleman is going on, and says, That he repeated the same question to the man again, in the presence of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person357"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person357" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person357" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person357" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor, who stands upon his right hand. What Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person358"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person358" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person358" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person358" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor may say, is yet in the dark. He may, for what I know, disavow it, as he did before, when the gentleman spoke to him. He may say, I know nothing at all of it; I have nothing to do with it. Suppose, on the other hand, it should turn out that Sir William, in the hearing of the mob, did assent in substance to the question that this gentleman has mentioned, is not that evidence for the consideration of the jury, whether this body of men is not collected by somebody? It will be evidence of their assembling. As to the end and consequence that followed the unlawful acts and violence committed, that is another consideration; but it tends to shew the malignant nature of the body.</p>
<p>Lord Chief Baron. I think it may be properly asked, for this reason, to shew that these persons were assembled upon an unlawful occasion; the consequence of which will be, that if they were so, and any act was done by any one that terminated in murder, all persons concerned in the prosecution of that unlawful design or purpose, will be answerable for it, if they were present, aiding and abetting it; and here, for what I know, as my brother said, it may be answered, that Sir William disavowed these people, and has nothing to say to it. I do not know how it will turn out. It is true, what passes here cannot really and essentially affect him.</p>
<p>Mr. Jus. Aslen. I apprehend the force of the learned Recorder's observation goes to this, that any conversation that passes between Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person359"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person359" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person359" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person359" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor and the witness, is by no means to affect (let that conversation be what it will) the life of either or the parties, that are on trial, unless that is really and fully brought home to them. Now, therefore, I should think it totally immaterial to these prisoners, unless it was brought home to them. But in the course of the examination I think it necessary to be proceeded in. First of all, I think it totally immaterial, whether Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person360"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person360" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person360" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person360" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor or Serjeant Glyn hired the mob, or whether they acted in an illegal and riotous manner, and committed the murder. Whether they were paid for doing it, or did it of their own evil disposition. In the next place, there was a mob with Proctor and Liberty in their hats; knocking down every body that came in their way indiscriminately; that stands uncontradicted; and that Quirk was one of that mob, acting in that part, where this conversation past; but whether he heard it, or no, is left for farther consideration. A man that was not a friend of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person361"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person361" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person361" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person361" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor, might insiduously say, Oh, for your honour! and yet be on the other side. We all agree in this, that unless the examination come home to these men, it is immaterial what they said to one another. Sir William then denied it; but whether he will deny it by-and-by, we shall hear. So far I think it is evidence. I am, for my own part, yet revolving in my own mind, whether Tetam, or this, or that, or the other, hired them, and they go and knock people on the head, they will not be all involved.</p>
<p>Mr. Recorder. The learned Judge will do me justice to say I did point out a particular objection to this question; I meant partly to intimate a doubt whether it was proper to go into a particular examination now, whether Sir William had any hand in hiring that mob. I thought it totally foreign to this question. I thought they were equally responsible for their unlawful acts, whether hired by this or that man, or not at all. I thought this enquiry might only affect other people in another shape, which I thought not proper for this enquiry.</p>
<p>Mr. Jus. Gould. Mr. Recorder suggested it to me. He did prudently. He acted as became his station in the most honourable manner, I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120032"/> thought, as the doubt was suggested to me, I had no right to suppress it by my own private opinion. I thought it incumbent upon me to discharge my conscience, to hear the opinions of the other Judges. I shall not at present give my sentiment how far that may strengthen the case, however it may turn out, only just to assign my reasons for going on; and I am obliged to the Recorder for suggesting it. - Upon the gentleman's saying, Who gave you orders? his answer was, His honour. You say, you looked at Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person362"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person362" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person362" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person362" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and repeated the question, and the man gave the same answer, Sir William being on your right-hand. How far was he from you?</p>
<p>Allen. I had him close to me. As to the particular words that past between me and Sir William upon his honour, they were It is very true, the man impeaches me; upon my honour, I am innocent. What can I say more? Then, in the middle of the Hustings, there were some words that past upon this account. It might be a minute, or a minute and a half, before I observed the same mob, as they came round the upper side. They had cleared the lower side in a very short time. They shifted to the upper side, and we all in confusion, you may naturally suppose: I saw them not only knocking down, but beating the people unmercifully upon the ground. I spoke to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person363"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person363" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person363" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person363" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> again, and said, For God's sake, if they are not your mob, try if you can have any influence to prevent murder. Sir William's reply was, What can I do? they are not mine, (repeating upon his honour, as he had before declared.) Upon seeing such barbarity, I made use of such an expression to Sir William, that I believe was not so proper to do, and jumped over the Hustings, and seized the prisoner Quirk, and I believe I made use of this expression, God d - mn you, (or something like it) do you mean to murder these fellows? The prisoner, I will say that for him, left off; but the other fellows that were with him, had a mind to serve me much in the same manner. What I might have suffered, whether I might lose my life or not, I owe to the prisoner Quirk, who held his club over my head, and cried, Be quiet, be quiet; what are you about? this is a friend of Sir William's. It was very fortunate for me that he made that mistake; and I believe your Lordships may be assured I did not attempt to undeceive him. I said to the prisoner, Who gave you orders? He said, he knew very well; that was his first answer. I repeated the question, and sollicited him to tell me; his answer then was, It was Lord Hallfax's man, I asked him, What man? I think he said Tetam, or Tattam, I will not be certain to the name. He told me afterwards, it was Mr. Tetam. It was not a proper place to enquire farther. I desired him to walk along with me, and another of the men, who appeared to be the ringleaders. When we came down to the Castle-yard, I enquired particularly how they came to make the attack. I drew them from that place. There were two or three that followed him into the Castle-yard. I stopped a little there to examine him further.</p>
<p>Q. Did you examine him?</p>
<p>Allen. Yes. When I was questioning him particularly, there was one man came up and said to him, Prithee be quiet, do you know who you are talking to? The prisoner's answer was, Aye, I know him very well; I saw him in a very friendly manner with Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person364"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person364" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person364" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person364" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Proctor just now. I desired him to go with me further down. As I came through the yard, I desired Mr. Popham (I winked at him) to come along with me. When we came under the arch-way into the street, there was a regular siege.</p>
<p>Serjeant Davy. That was after this conversation.</p>
<p>Allen. Yes. We came down through the Castle-yard into the street. Mr. Popham was standing under the arch-way in the Castle-yard. There were stones throwing in, and bottles out. Mr. Popham did not chuse to go farther than the gate-way, and he left me by myself with the prisoner. I brought the prisoner through. It was not a place to examine him in of the fray. I first desired to be let into the house opposite, and the other man with me, but they refused; upon which we went into a gate-way, a little way on the other side the street; there the prisoner looking upon me (I suppose) to be one of Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person365"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person365" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person365" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person365" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's friends, remonstrated with me in a very sensible manner. He said, Master, this is not good in law. I brought him up again into the street, and endeavoured to get into another house; they refused letting us in any where. Upon which I desired Quirk to meet me at the Shakespeare that evening, at ten o'clock. Accordingly, at ten o'clock I went to the Shakespeare, but the prisoner was not then come. I went down to the House of Commons, and stayed some time: afterwards I came back again and met the prisoner and his friend there. That was Balfe.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176901120033"/>Q. Who was there besides the two prisoners?</p>
<p>Allen. Mr. Hannam and Mr. Jones were there. They were above stairs. Mr. Jones went down at my return. I do not know where he went. I then sent for Quirk up. I examined him very particularly in regard to the orders he had received upon the attack at the riot; his answer to me was this, That he had received orders from Lord Hallifax's man, Mr. Tetam. I asked him how Mr. Tetam came to give him for the attack? His answer was, I think that a waterman, or something of that sort, came into the house where they were when the mob were at Brentford, and told them, there was an end of your Proctor; there is four to one, or five to one of Glyn's men gone to poll for him. Upon which he said, Mr. Tetam, and I think Mr. Broughton. (I will not swear particularly to Mr. Broughton) Mr. Tetam he distinguished to me by Lord Halifax's man. He said, he gave them the wink to go and play about them. That was his expression. To which he said, he did very effectually. He remonstrated to me on what he was to have for the payment for this. (He supposed all the time that I was a friend of Sir William's.) He told me, that he knew Sir William to be a man of honour, and would act very honourably by him, as he had done his business very effectually. I asked him how much he required? He said he had made no particular agreement with the said Mr. Tetam for himself and twenty-five men under him, but left it to Sir William's honour. But that at Northampton, he had two guineas a week and victuals and drink for every one he hired there; and he hoped Sir William would do the same. He said Tetam agreed with him and twenty-five more.</p>
<p>Mr. Jus. Gould. Who was to provide the twenty-five men?</p>
<p>Allen. He said he was. He said, if either of them was discontented, he would pay them out of his own pocket by to-morrow morning, and leave it to Sir William's honour. He said, that if the men were afraid of their money, he would pay them out of his own pocket. I asked him who hired him for Northampton? He told me the same Tetam. I asked him, how they came to be so barbarous, to beat the people upon the ground? He made answer, and said, That he had one very bloody-minded fellow in his party that always would do so, and he could never break him of it at Northampton. I asked him particularly who this fellow was? I do not charge my memory he told me the person. I asked him who the man was that impeached Sir William at the Hustings? He was, one Rhey, a d - d scoundrel think he and remonstrated to me, that this fellow had fought his way, and spoke to Sir
<persName id="t17690112-22-person366"> William Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person366" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person366" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17690112-22-person366" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> afterwards that evening. He went down stairs afterwards, and the gentlemen came and took him up.</p>
<p>Q. What psed about?</p>
<p>Allen. I did not see him all after he was taken up.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see either of the prisoners any time afterwards.</p