<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Friday the 16th, Saturday the 17th, and Monday the 19th of January.
<p>In the first Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. Being the Second SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir
<persName id="f17610116-1-person1"> Matthew Blakiston
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person1" type="surname" value="Blakiston"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person1" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER II. PART I. for the YEAR 1761.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J. SCOTT, at the Black-Swan, in Pater-noster Row.</p>
<p>M. DCC. LXI.</p>
<p>[Price FOUR-PENCE.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Hon. Sir
<persName id="f17610116-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> MATTHEW BLAKISTON
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person2" type="surname" value="BLAKISTON"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person2" type="given" value="MATTHEW"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London; Sir
<persName id="f17610116-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Thomas Parker
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person3" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person3" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. 8 Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer; Sir
<persName id="f17610116-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> John Eardley
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person4" type="surname" value="Eardley"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person4" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Wilmot, Knt. || one of the Judges of the Court of King's Bench; the Hon.
<persName id="f17610116-1-person5" type="judiciaryName"> Henry Bathurst
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person5" type="surname" value="Bathurst"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person5" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; + one of the Judges of the Court of Common-Pleas; Sir
<persName id="f17610116-1-person6" type="judiciaryName"> William Moreton
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person6" type="surname" value="Moreton"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person6" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. ++ Recorder; and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer of the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>N. B.* || + ++ direct to the Judge before whom the Prisoner was tried.</p>
<p>M. L. by which Jury.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person7" type="jurorName"> John Woodin
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person7" type="surname" value="Woodin"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Alphonsus Loste
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person8" type="surname" value="Loste"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person8" type="given" value="John Alphonsus"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person8" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Jeremiah Wheate
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person9" type="surname" value="Wheate"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person9" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Jeremiah Percy
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person10" type="surname" value="Percy"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person10" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Richard Simpkins
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person11" type="surname" value="Simpkins"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person11" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Valentine Knight
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person12" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person12" type="given" value="Valentine"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Richard Haughton
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person13" type="surname" value="Haughton"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person13" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person14" type="jurorName"> George Colebatch
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person14" type="surname" value="Colebatch"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person14" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Moses Adams
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person15" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person15" type="given" value="Moses"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Thomas Green
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<interp inst="f17610116-1-person16" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person17" type="jurorName"> James James
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person17" type="surname" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person17" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Philip Morgan
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person18" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person18" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person19" type="jurorName"> James White
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person19" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person19" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Charles Covey
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person20" type="surname" value="Covey"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person20" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Rawlins
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person21" type="surname" value="Rawlins"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Vowles
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person22" type="surname" value="Vowles"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person22" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bishop
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person23" type="surname" value="Bishop"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person23" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Henry Adkins,
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person24" type="surname" value="Adkins"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person24" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ~</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person25" type="jurorName"> John Bosworth
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person25" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person25" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Silver Crispin
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person26" type="surname" value="Crispin"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person26" type="given" value="Silver"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person26" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Thomas Taylor
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person27" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person27" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person28" type="jurorName"> John Salkeld
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person28" type="surname" value="Salkeld"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,~</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Henry Eades
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person29" type="surname" value="Eades"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person29" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , served part of the time in the room of Henry Adkins; and
<persName id="f17610116-1-person30" type="jurorName"> George Brooksbanks
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person30" type="surname" value="Brooksbanks"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person30" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the room of John Salkeld.</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person31" type="jurorName"> John Roberts
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person31" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person31" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17610116-1-person32" type="jurorName"> Thomas Lovett
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person32" type="surname" value="Lovett"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person32" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17610116-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>38. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-1-defend34" type="defendantName"> John Beverstock
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<interp inst="t17610116-1-defend34" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-1-defend34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17610116-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one shilling and sixpence, in money numbered </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17610116-1-victim36" type="victimName"> Edmund Worger
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<interp inst="t17610116-1-victim36" type="given" value="Edmund"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-1-victim36" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-1-off1 t17610116-1-victim36"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">January 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-1-off1 t17610116-1-cd2"/>. ||</p>
<p>Edmund Worger. I am a
<rs id="t17610116-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">grocer and blue-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-1-victim36 t17610116-1-viclabel3"/>, and live in Carnaby-street; the prisoner has been
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-1-defend34 t17610116-1-deflabel4"/> to me and my father two years, wanting about a month.</p>
<p>Q. Is your father alive?</p>
<p>Worger. He is, but he was not at home at that time the money was taken. I had for some time missed several goods, and having four servants, could not tell which to lay it to. I endeavoured, if possible, to detect the guilty person. Upon which, on Friday night, the 2d of January, I laid 18 d. upon the counter, the last thing before I went to bed. I had marked both the shilling and sixpence. On the next morning I saw the money laying where I had left it before the shop was opened: the prisoner's business was to open the shop.</p>
<p>Q. Did he lie in your house?</p>
<p>Worger. No, there was but one of the four lay in my house. The money was soon taken away, before any of the others had been in the shop. I did not think proper to appear in it myself at that time, so desired my journeyman to borrow a shilling of the prisoner. He did, and brought it to me [producing one] this is it, here is the mark I made by filing it over the head; it is a king William's shilling, with the letter B at the bottom; I suppose made after the battle of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160003"/> the Boyne. The person's name, who I got to borrow the money, is Clark. Then I went to justice Fielding, who granted me a warrant to take up the prisoner. I took him up: he at first denied it. He was committed to the Gatehouse, and on Monday he was re-examined, and then he denied it, but at last he owned it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find the sixpence upon him?</p>
<p>Worger. He changed such a sixpence at a publick-house, but I have not got it again.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Did I ever wrong you of a farthing before?</p>
<p>Worger. I have missed a great many things, but I cannot charge them upon the prisoner.</p>
<p>Clemmell Clark. I am servant to Mr. Worger, he desired me to borrow a shilling of the prisoner that morning (this is the same here produced.) I at that time did not know any thing of the affair, till my master explained it afterwards.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The money that I lent the last evidence, was not my master's property, I had it of a tallow-chandler, at the next door, the night before; and the sixpence, that my master mentioned, I had of a soldier. I came from Wiltshire, and have no witnesses in town.</p>
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>39. (M)
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<interp inst="t17610116-2-defend38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17610116-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one leaden pump, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-2-victim40" type="victimName"> Charles Churchman
<interp inst="t17610116-2-victim40" type="surname" value="Churchman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-victim40" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-victim40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">Dec. 1</rs>
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<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off14 t17610116-2-cd8"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person41"> Charles Churchman
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<interp inst="t17610116-2-person41" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off12 t17610116-2-crimeloc9"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off14 t17610116-2-crimeloc9"/>, I am a
<rs id="t17610116-2-viclabel10" type="occupation">carpenter and builder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-victim40 t17610116-2-viclabel10"/>. I had a leaden pump stood at the further end of my yard, about a hundred yards from the front of my house. There was the leaden pipe to it; it was taken away on the first of December last. I suspected some of my men. The prisoner had worked for me about eight or nine months. I took up two of my men, and they proved to be innocent. Then I laid a plan to see who was the guilty person. I laid four brass cocks, particularly marked, and some old sash-weights (which had been locked up in the store room) open on the table in the same room, and bid my foreman to let the men go in, and serve themselves with nails, and what they wanted; and as soon as they were gone, to go in and see if any thing was missing. Soon there was a cock missing, which was taken by
<persName id="t17610116-2-person42"> John Keen
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person42" type="surname" value="Keen"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person42" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; but the prisoner was discovered by one
<persName id="t17610116-2-person43"> Edward Eagle
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person43" type="surname" value="Eagle"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person43" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> being admitted an evidence against him for stealing ducks and fowls. The prisoner was taken up, and he confessed he took my pump, and sold it for six shillings and sixpence.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person44"> Charles Jones
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person44" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person44" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Churchman, I missed the pump on the first of December, about seven in the morning. That morning the prisoner was not at work. The prisoner was taken up for another offence about a fortnight after, and in the Gatehouse he confessed, in my hearing, that he took it. I asked him how he could take it away so in a morning, when people were about. He said, if he had happened to have met me, he would have thrown it on my toes, and run away.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person45"> Mary Eagle
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person45" type="surname" value="Eagle"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person45" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person45" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner (before he was born, I was going to say) but I have ever since he was born: a strange man brought the pump into my room, the day after St. Andrew's-day. I was stick in my bed when it was brought in.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>M. Eagle. I live in Pye-street, Westminster, and go about with earthen-ware.</p>
<p>Q. Are you any relation to the prisoner?</p>
<p>M. Eagle. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner come with that strange man?</p>
<p>M. Eagle. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did he come afterwards?</p>
<p>M. Eagle. He did, and took it away; it was something of lead; I do not know whether it was a pump or not: he said afterwards he had much ado to make Mrs. Franklin buy it.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say he sold it for?</p>
<p>M. Eagle. He said he sold it for six shillings.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing of the affair.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<p>(M) He was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-2-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-2-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing 36 ducks, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-2-victim47" type="victimName"> Thomas Walker
<interp inst="t17610116-2-victim47" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-victim47" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-victim47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-2-viclabel13" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-victim47 t17610116-2-viclabel13"/>; and
<persName id="t17610116-2-defend49" type="defendantName"> Samuel Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-defend49" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-defend49" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-defend49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17610116-2-off14" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-2-off14" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-off14" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same, well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>,
<rs id="t17610116-2-cd15" type="crimeDate">December 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off7 t17610116-2-cd15"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off12 t17610116-2-cd15"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off14 t17610116-2-cd15"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person50"> Thomas Walker
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person50" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person50" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; I am a
<rs id="t17610116-2-viclabel16" type="occupation">merchant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-victim47 t17610116-2-viclabel16"/>, and live in Thames street; I have a country-house at
<placeName id="t17610116-2-crimeloc17">Stretham in Surry</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-crimeloc17" type="placeName" value="Stretham in Surry"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-crimeloc17" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off7 t17610116-2-crimeloc17"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off12 t17610116-2-crimeloc17"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-off14 t17610116-2-crimeloc17"/>, and had there several fine large ducks; I think there was never a one that did not weigh four pounds. On the 10th of December at night my coach-house was broke, and my ducks taken away: there were 36 of them.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person51"> Edward Eagle
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person51" type="surname" value="Eagle"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person51" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoners at the bar 16 or 17 years: they are father and son. I married the old man's daughter. I have been at sea, but was a brewer's servant.
<persName id="t17610116-2-person52"> Thomas Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person52" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person52" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I took a walk to Stretham in Surry. We
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160004"/> drank at the White Horse on Bristow-causeway, and then went to an alehouse on the other side Stretham. About eleven at night we went to Mr. Walker's house, and the prisoner, with a ripping chissel, purchased two boards off from the backside of Mr. Walker's coach-house, and took out thirty-six ducks.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know of those ducks being there before?</p>
<p>Eagle. We did: we were there about two or three days before.</p>
<p>Q. What was your business there then?</p>
<p>Eagle. We were looking out for such things.</p>
<p>Q. Who took the ducks?</p>
<p>Eagle. I went in first, and he held the bags, and I put them in.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take them away alive or dead?</p>
<p>Eagle. We killed them all there; there were thirty six of them: I took one bag, and he the other, and brought them to Westminster, to his room in John's Street, No. 12. We pluck'd the feathers off, and the old man at the bar took most of them, and sold them.</p>
<p>Q. Did he know which way you came by them?</p>
<p>Eagle. He might very well know that, because he had been out several times with us. We made him sensible where we fetched them from; he said they were very fine ones; he got up, and sell to helping us pull the feathers off; we told him we had been about seven miles for them.</p>
<p>Q. How many had he in his custody?</p>
<p>Eagle. He had them all in his custody. I and the two prisoner went and disposed of six of them to Mrs. Douglass, and two fowls, which we had taken two nights before at a wheeler's shop at Stretham.</p>
<p>Q. Where does she live?</p>
<p>Eagle. She lives in King-street, Westminster, at the King's Arms.</p>
<p>Q. What had you for the six ducks?</p>
<p>Eagle. I believe we had about twelve shillings. She gave us half a guinea, and we had the rest in liquor.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any of the rest disposed of?</p>
<p>Eagle. No, I did not. The old man allowed us eight pence a-piece for all the rest. He sells fowls about the streets. I heard him say he sold two to Mrs. Price; she lives in Westminster.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Walker. In what manner was it that your coach-house was broke open?</p>
<p>Mr. Walker. They had pull'd down two boards, I suppose with a chissel; it was a new coach-house: there appeared the marks of the chissel: my carpenter said he was sure it was done by a workman, that understood it.</p>
<p>Eagle. He took the chissel out of his father's room, it is there now, it has a split handle.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person53"> Thomas Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person53" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person53" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Did you not come to me in the morning, and ask me to take a walk with you over the water; and say you was afraid of being press'd? So I went with you.</p>
<p>Eagle. I can't say that; but he was always very agreeable to going out.</p>
<p>T. Manton. He used to change his dress; sometimes he was in a brewer's servant's dress, and sometimes like a sailor: he has been cast for transportation once here, and he has broke out of Bridewell with his irons on, and had them knocked off at Sand-hill.</p>
<p>Eagle. I do not think that I am a bit better than he, or he than me; but that is no reason that I should remain so.</p>
<p>T. Manton. To be sure Eagle has a great deal to say for himself more than I have. He once gave evidence against his own brother, then he sent him to Northamptonshire, and gave evidence against two others; then he sent word for me to get out of the way.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person54"> Richard Fowler
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person54" type="surname" value="Fowler"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person54" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I heard
<persName id="t17610116-2-person55"> Thomas Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person55" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person55" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> confess before the justice that he was at the taking other fowls from Mr. Bullock. I saw him and Eagle together that night Mr. Walker was robb'd of his ducks, at Bristow-causeway, in the way to Stretham, at the White Horse.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you see them there?</p>
<p>Fowler. It was between seven and eight o'clock.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person56"> John Coger
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person56" type="surname" value="Coger"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person56" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw
<persName id="t17610116-2-person57"> Thomas Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person57" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person57" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and Eagle the evidence, together, at the White Horse on Bristow-causeway, that night.</p>
<p>Q. How far is the White Horse from Mr. Walker's house?</p>
<p>Coger. It is about two miles, or rather more. The next morning, when I heard Mr. Walker had lost his ducks, I suspected Eagle, because he had been about our neighbourhood before in that way.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person58"> Martha Douglass
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person58" type="surname" value="Douglass"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person58" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person58" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I keep a publick-house in King-street, Westminster; the two prisoners and Eagle have been at my house together several times: about three weeks before Christmas, as near as I can guess, I bought six ducks and two fowls of them; I gave them half a guinea, six pots of beer, and a dram a-piece at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of ducks were they?</p>
<p>M. Douglas. They were tolerable good ducks, pretty large ones, but rather staleish. The old man once was a publican, now he sells fowls about the street.</p>
<p>Q. from T. Manton. Did Eagle never sell you fowls before?</p>
<p>M. Douglass, No.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160005"/>T. Manton. I was once at this woman's house, when she asked Eagle to give her her sack, which he had about his waist: he told her, if he did deliver it to her, he could never bring her any more fowls.</p>
<p>Mrs. Price. I know the old man at the bar, I bought two ducks of him about three weeks before Christmas.</p>
<p>Q. What did you give him for them?</p>
<p>Mrs. Price. I gave him twenty pence for the two.</p>
<p>Q. What size ducks were they?</p>
<p>Mrs. Price. They were very large ducks. I sent my maid out on an errand, and she came in, and said, Madam, do you want any ducks? He followed her in, and I bought them. I never saw him before; he has called several times since. When my husband came home, I shewed them to him, he thought them too cheap, and desired I would buy no more of him.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person59"> Thomas Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person59" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person59" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person59" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing of what this man ( pointing to Eagle) has said. Ever since he came from sea he has practised this. He has come to me time after time, when I have been at dinner, and I have lent him several shillings; he owes me a great deal of money now. He was once charg'd with stealing fowls at Pimlico, just on his coming from sea; and once before he was cast for transportation for the same offence. I would ask Mr. Walker whether he ev er saw me with Eagle?</p>
<p>Mr. Walker. I never saw them till before justice Fielding, but I had a description of them before.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-2-person60"> Samuel Manton
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person60" type="surname" value="Manton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person60" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's Defence.</p>
<p>Mr. Eagle had some ducks, how he came by them I know not; he begg'd I would sell three or four of them, and said he would satisfy me for my trouble. I parted with half a score, and he gave me half a crown.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-2-verdict18" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-2-verdict18" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>See Eagle tried for stealing fowls in company with
<persName id="t17610116-2-person61"> Edward Allen
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person61" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person61" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-2-person61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , from Mrs. Beaumont, at Putney, No 83, 84, in the mayoralty of Mr. Alderman Dickenson.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-2-punish19" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-2-punish19" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-defend38 t17610116-2-punish19"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-2-defend49 t17610116-2-punish19"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-3">
<interp inst="t17610116-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-3-off20-c56" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-3-defend63 t17610116-3-off20 t17610116-3-verdict24"/>
<p>40. (M.)
<persName id="t17610116-3-defend63" type="defendantName"> John Urwin
<interp inst="t17610116-3-defend63" type="surname" value="Urwin"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-defend63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-defend63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-3-off20" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-3-off20" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-off20" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that he, on the king's highway, on
<persName id="t17610116-3-victim65" type="victimName"> John Jay
<interp inst="t17610116-3-victim65" type="surname" value="Jay"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-victim65" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-victim65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-3-off20 t17610116-3-victim65"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and taking from his person 18 d. his property </rs>,
<rs id="t17610116-3-cd21" type="crimeDate">Dec. 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-3-off20 t17610116-3-cd21"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17610116-3-person66"> John Jay
<interp inst="t17610116-3-person66" type="surname" value="Jay"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-person66" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 22d of December last I was going home to Brentford-end on horseback. The prisoner at the bar met me on foot with a musket in his hand, when I was about twenty yards within
<placeName id="t17610116-3-crimeloc22">Hyde-park, near the halfway-house</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-crimeloc22" type="placeName" value="Hyde-park, near the halfway-house"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-3-crimeloc22" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-3-off20 t17610116-3-crimeloc22"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was it when he met you?</p>
<p>Jay. It was about a quarter after four in the afternoon. It was quite daylight. He asked me for my money, and said, necessity drove him to it, and he must have it. I put my hand in my pocket, and gave him 18 d. He said that would not do, he wanted a guinea more. I told him I had not the value of a guinea in my pocket. Then he put up his piece, and cocked it at me, and said, he had a good mind to blow my brains out. I begged of him not to shoot me, saying, that would be of no service to him. Then he said, D - n you, go along.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Jay. I am a
<rs id="t17610116-3-viclabel23" type="occupation">breeches-maker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-3-victim65 t17610116-3-viclabel23"/>. After this I went on. I cannot say whether it was 30 or 40 yards before I turned. Then I saw the prisoner going across the Park, towards the Serpentine-river-head. There was one Mr. Bunny, a butcher in St. James's-market, came by when he put up his piece to me. I turned my horse about, and went to him, and told him that man had robbed me: we made a hue and cry after him. We met with a soldier, almost at the Park-gate, and told him of it, and Shewed him the prisoner, and he struck across the Park, and went and took him. He was never out of my sight, till he was taken. The soldier delivered him to us, and went away, and I have never seen him since. The prisoner begged of me, that I would let him go, and said he would never do the like again; for if he went to gaol, he should die. I took him to justice Wright, who committed him.</p>
<p>Mr. Bunny. I had been in Hampshire, and coming home that day through the Park, I saw the prisoner on foot, talking to Mr. Jay. I came riding pretty fast. I went to break out of the way, and Mr. Jay stopped me, and said that man had robbed him. I saw him clap the piece up to Mr. Jay's head, and heard him say: I'll be d - n'd if I will not; that is all the words I heard. It surprized me, and I got on as fast as I could.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had no thoughts of robbing him: I have a same arm, it was shot through abroad: I did ask the gentleman to give me some money, I had lost
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160006"/> mine. I have been a soldier 45 years: my arm is so lame, I cannot cock a gun, if you would give me a thousand guineas. He stripped and shewed his right-arm, which had received a wound; and between his elbow and shoulder, it was little more than skin and bone; but he seemed to use it as if he was capable of doing his duty as a soldier.</p>
<p>Q. Do you belong to any regiment now?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I now belong to the third regiment of guards.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Did the prisoner apply to you as a beggar?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, he bid me stop, and demanded my money by force.</p>
<p>Q. Did he put you in fear?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Yes, he did.</p>
<p>Q. to prisoner. Have you any witnesses, your serjeant or any body?</p>
<p>Prisoner. No, I have none; I thought my arm would have done</p>
<rs id="t17610116-3-verdict24" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-3-verdict24" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17610116-3-punish25" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-3-punish25" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-3-defend63 t17610116-3-punish25"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17610116-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-4-off27-c59" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-4-defend68 t17610116-4-off27 t17610116-4-verdict29"/>
<p>41. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-4-defend68" type="defendantName"> Susanna Yeoman
<interp inst="t17610116-4-defend68" type="surname" value="Yeoman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4-defend68" type="given" value="Susanna"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4-defend68" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-4-deflabel26" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-4-defend68 t17610116-4-deflabel26"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-4-off27" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-4-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. and one pair of silver studs, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-4-victim70" type="victimName"> Thomas Coles
<interp inst="t17610116-4-victim70" type="surname" value="Coles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4-victim70" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4-victim70" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-4-off27 t17610116-4-victim70"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-4-cd28" type="crimeDate">May 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-4-off27 t17610116-4-cd28"/>, to which she
<rs id="t17610116-4-verdict29" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-4-verdict29" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-4-verdict29" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-4-punish30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-4-punish30" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-4-defend68 t17610116-4-punish30"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-5-off32-c61" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-5-defend72 t17610116-5-off32 t17610116-5-verdict34"/>
<p>42. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-5-defend72" type="defendantName"> John Leigh
<interp inst="t17610116-5-defend72" type="surname" value="Leigh"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-defend72" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-defend72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-5-deflabel31" type="occupation">jeweller</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-5-defend72 t17610116-5-deflabel31"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-5-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-5-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> feloniously and traitorously diminishing one guinea, and one half guinea, of the current coin of this realm, with intent to defrand his majesty's liege subjects </rs>,
<rs id="t17610116-5-cd33" type="crimeDate">Dec. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-5-off32 t17610116-5-cd33"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17610116-5-person73"> Thomas Evans
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person73" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person73" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a public-house, the Star and Garter, in St. Martin's-lane. It is about three months since I first saw the prisoner: I believe he used my house about seven or eight weeks in the whole. I have given him change for half a guinea several times. I don't remember changing him any thing but half guineas. I think on the 5th of December last I changed him one; and after he was gone out of the house, I turned it round, and thought I never saw one bent in that manner as it was. I shewed it to some of the company in the house, and then I weighed it.</p>
<p>Q. Had you changed any for him before this?</p>
<p>Evans. Yes, several, and they went as they came, all but one, which I then had by me.</p>
<p>Q. Were they bent as this was?</p>
<p>Evans. I know some of them were; I believe they all were. I found that wanted 14 d. of weight. My wife also told me, she had changed him some bent in that manner, I weighed that which I had by me, that was diminished just as much, and bent the same, and diminished in the bend as the other. Then I was advised to go to justice Welch, which I did. The 10th and 11th, I told him my suspicions: he granted me a warrant. The justice ordered me if he offered me any more such, to bring him before him. On the Monday following the prisoner came again, and drank a pint of beer, and said: Can you change me half a guinea to-night? I said, I believe I can. I changed one, and put it down, and said, Mr. Leigh, you have changed such with me before.</p>
<p>Q. Where are they?</p>
<p>Evans. I have them all three here; they are bent and diminished alike. I said, you must not go, they are short weight. Said he, Are not they weight, I'll change them. I said, no, you have changed too many already: this was about ten at night. I sent for a constable: we took him up one pair of stairs, and searched him, according to Mr. Welch's orders.</p>
<p>Q. What is the constable's name?</p>
<p>Evans. His name is Morgan: we found in his pocket some halfpence, and seventeen or eighteen shillings in silver, and the key of his room. The constable took the key. We took the prisoner and went to justice Welch, where he said he should be, at the Bedford coffee house; and he went with us to search the prisoner's room. This was between ten and eleven at night.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the prisoner's room?</p>
<p>Evans. That was in Holbourn. I knew that before, for I had sent my boy to dodge him home, after I had a suspicion of him, that I might know where he belong'd to. Going along, Mr. Welch said to him, pray Mr. Leigh, what business are you of? Sir, said he, I am a jeweller; but I have had a hurt on my arm, and have not worked for some time; it may be a year, or two years ago; I forgot the exact time. Mr. Welch said; Sir, what do you do for a livelihood? said he, I deal now in curiosities; Mr. Welch asked him where he lodged, and he told him; we went to his room, Mr. Welch, the constable, I, and another person, that followed us from my house, and searched about; the prisoner sidel'd to one part of the room. Mr. Welch observing it, came and searched that part, and in the drawers, we found some gold filings; the drawer had a leather bottom to it.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of drawers were they?</p>
<p>Evans. They were such sort that jewellers use; there was a table and drawers under it. The justice said, he thought there was something
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160007"/> there which the prisoner did not chuse we should see. He put the filings in a paper, and sealed them up immediately, and delivered them to the constable. The justice proceeded farther, and among his gold weights and scales, found two guineas which did not seem to be diminished, and he left them there. There were some tools in another drawer, a crucible, and several files, and other working tools, such as jewellers use. Mr. Welch observed gold in the teeth of the files; he wrapped them up in a paper, and I think slightly sealed them, and delivered them to the constable; I think they were all sealed together at last, but I am not certain. Mr. Welch asked him how the filings came there; he said, they were made in his business. I believe it was past twelve o'clock, or near one, before we left the room; the prisoner was then secured in Covent-garden Round-house. I attended Mr.
<persName id="t17610116-5-person74"> Welch
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person74" type="given" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person74" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> the next morning; he asked the prisoner a good deal concerning his business, who he worked for, or who he sold goods to; he pretended to say, those things were from a seal.</p>
<p>Q. Was that seal taken care of?</p>
<p>Evans. It was. I believe Mr. Chamberlaine took care of that; that was produced before the justice.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Chamberlaine go to his lodgings?</p>
<p>Evans. He did. I went with him the next morning.</p>
<p>Q. Who else was there?</p>
<p>Evans. There was the prisoner and constable; this was before I went to the justice the second time. The prisoner was asked by Mr. Chamberlaine, what those filings came from; he said, from that seal.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say they all came from that seal?</p>
<p>Evans. He mentioned but one seal.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner produce any other seal?</p>
<p>Evans. He produced but one as I observed. There was a gold watch produced. The prisoner said to Mr. Chamberlaine, have you any suspicion of this gold watch? he answered no. The watch was delivered to his landlady. After this, he went to Mr. Welch's.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner pretend any of these filings came from the watch?</p>
<p>Evans. No.</p>
<p>Q. What is his landlady's name?</p>
<p>Evans. Her name is Mrs. Johnson.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. When he mentioned to you his present business, did he tell you what sort of curiosities they were he dealt in?</p>
<p>Evans. I cannot recollect that he did; only in general curiosities.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell him you knew where he lived before he told you?</p>
<p>Evans. Mr. Welch asked him, although he knew before by my telling him; but he did that to know whether he would tell true, and readily. He told us right.</p>
<p>Counsel. Then he made no objection?</p>
<p>Evans. No, none at all about where he lodged.</p>
<p>Q. Were the two guineas found amongst the tools?</p>
<p>Evans. I cannot say whether they were or not; the gold scales were by them</p>
<p>Q. What quantity were there of the filings?</p>
<p>Evans. That I cannot say, there seemed to me to be more than the weight of a guinea.</p>
<p>Q. Did he not say, he had done something to the watch?</p>
<p>Evans. He said he had been doing some trifling thing to it. There were some stones set in it; I had not that in my hand. Mr. Welch said, you said you had not done any business for some time; but by these filings, it seems as if you had been lately doing some thing. He said he had done some trifling things.</p>
<p>Q. Did you understand it to be that watch that he meant by the conversation?</p>
<p>Evans. I am not certain of that. I understood it to be a watch that he had to dispose of.</p>
<p>Justice Welch.
<persName id="t17610116-5-person75"> Thomas Evans
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person75" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person75" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> made application to me, I think on the eleventh of December; and informed me, that he suspected a person that used his house, to be concerned in diminishing half guineas. The reason that he gave for it was, that a number of half guineas had been offered to him to change for silver; and he had observed, they were all bent in the same manner. That he had the curiosity to weigh the last he had taken, and he found it was diminished. He weighed another that he had taken before of the same person, and that was bent and diminished in the same manner. I thought it necessary to take him into custody. I then sent for Mr. Chamberlaine, the sollicitor of the Mint; he came, and was of the same opinion, that there was suspicion enough to take the man into custody. Then a warrant was granted, and directions given to Mr. Evans, that he be extremely cautious to keep this matter to himself; and the next time the man came.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160008"/> to ask any people of the company in his house to change him a guinea for two half guineas, and it that person should do it, if they appeared bent as the others, for him to stop him, and put him in the custody of the constable; and if he did not change the guinea, to wait till he attempted to put off another half-guinea in the same manner. After they had him in custody, and I was going with him to his lodgings, I asked Mr. Leigh, where he lodged; he said, he lodged at Mr. Johnson's. I asked him what business he followed; he said, he was a jeweller. I asked him if he was a working jeweller, he said no, he had not worked at his trade since his arm was hurt, which he said was upwards of a year, near two years ago. When we came to the room, I examined a chest of drawers. While I was looking about, I could not help taking notice that Mr. Leigh seemed anxious about a place that stood on the opposite side the room. I conceived in my mind, that there was something there, that he wanted to conceal. I called to him to attend, and see that nothing was taken away; still he seemed to sidle that way. I did not go through the search of the drawer that I was about, but went to this place, which was a circular kind of chest of drawers, such I suppose as are used in the jewelling way. Upon pulling out the drawers, there was one made of leather; and near the center of it, was a quantity of gold filings, which I took care of; they were put up into a paper, and delivered into the custody of the constable. On searching farther, I found another drawer, in which were files. I plainly perceived gold in the teeth of them; them I also put in papers and delivered to the constable; and in another drawer, were two guineas. If I recollect, they were with the gold scales. They appeared to me not to have been diminished. There were two tin pots, that held about three parts of a pint: in one of them were some gold filings, and some English pieces of gold.</p>
<p>Q. What did you think those pieces were?</p>
<p>Mr. Welch. I had a suspicion they were gold that had been cast from the melting of file dust. I then reminded the prisoner of what he had said of his not working. Then he said, he did not work constantly at his business, but he did some little work; and to convince me of it, he shewed me a gold watch. Then I said I should he glad if he would tell me who he worked for, or where he had delivered any; but he did not chuse to give me any satisfactory answer about that.</p>
<p>Q. When was this, and where?</p>
<p>Mr. Welch. This was the same night, in his room. I secured the key of the room, and reserved that in the hands of the constable, in order for Mr. Chamberlaine to search the next morning.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect in what manner the gold dust was secured, when you gave it to the constable?</p>
<p>Mr. Welch. I put it up in a paper. I cannot swear positively whether it was sealed that night, but however, it was sealed.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any diminished money in his custody?</p>
<p>Mr. Welch. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did he readily go with you to where his lodgings were?</p>
<p>Mr. Welch. He did.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-5-person76"> Thomas Morgan
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person76" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person76" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, I took the prisoner into custody in Mr. Evans's house. I was sent for there for that purpose. We took him up stairs; there I searched him: we found a key, and some money; the particular sum I cannot be positive to; there were some silver and some halfpence.</p>
<p>Q. How much silver might there be?</p>
<p>Morgan. There might be upwards of twelve shillings, two or three shillings more; I did not count them. We took him to Mr. Welch, at the Bedford coffee-house. Then the justice went with us to the prisoner's lodging. When we came there, I saw the search made. There were some different articles found, which are in the custody of Mr. Chamberlaine. Some filings were found in this drawer. [Producing a shallow drawer, with a leather bottom.] They were first delivered to me, and I delivered them to Mr. Chamberlaine the next morning.</p>
<p>Q. How were they secured when delivered to you?</p>
<p>Morgan. They were put in a piece of paper carefully, and sealed up.</p>
<p>Q. Who sealed them?</p>
<p>Morgan. I think Mr. Leigh himself did.</p>
<p>Q. How did you keep them while you had them in your custody?</p>
<p>Morgan. I kept them under lock and key at home, in a drawer.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the paper of filings were delivered by you to Mr. Chamberlaine, as they were to you by Mr. Welch, at the prisoner's lodgings?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160009"/>Morgan. I am very sure they were; I delivered the files, and every thing as I received them.</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. I was called upon on the 16th of Dec. last in the morning. I believe about nine o'clock, by Mr. Evans, who told me they had got the man.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any suspicions about him?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. I had, I received a letter from Mr. Welch about him. I went to Mr. Welch's. The man, which was the prisoner at the bar, was sent for from the roundhouse to Mr. Welch's. There was a slight examination before we went to the prisoner's lodgings. The prisoner was asked, who he worked for. He did not chuse to name any body. He was asked who worked for him. He did not chuse to answer that. He was then asked, what work he had done. He said that would appear by his book of accounts. He was asked where that book was. He said, at his lodgings. I went to examine his papers, and desired he would go with me. We went, and the constable and Mr. Evans with us. When we came there, I confined my search principally to the papers. I found a table, which had the appearance of a jeweller's table, and variety of tools proper for a jeweller; but looking over the things, either on the table, or in a drawer, I found an assay paper, on which I observed Slade and Co. I found it was an assay paper of standard gold. Then I asked him for that book of accounts; upon which he produced this book. [Producing a book.] In looking over the book I found the last article, Oct. 25, 1760. Rec'd Slade 4 l. 12 s. and 2 d; and here is an article over-against that 3 l. 12 s. and 6 d. to which there is no writing. It does not appear any more than by the dotting. Then I said the book was not to be understood by me. I asked him to explain it to me. He told me he could not, it was Algebra. It appears clearly to be a diary; for there are the initial letters for every day of the week, for a long series of time; and by the writing in it, I imagine it to be a diary. Here I observed is star, star, star, which are the date of the very days he was at the the Star and Garter. Here is also against Oct. 23, Co. G, which appears to me to signify the melting the gold. I asked him as to other articles: he said he could not explain it, unless I understood Algebra. The receipt is Sold Slade; and at the other end of the book is Ree'd Slade. That is to Oct. 25.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask him whether that book was his hand writing, or whose?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. I understood it to be his hand writing. After this, as he was pleased to say the book would explain what work he had done, I said, now we are at your room, I should be glad if you would point out the particular piece of work, from which the filings that were found last night came. He looked into a drawer, and took up two shanks of seals, and a watch set with stones. I desired him to deliver them to the constable. He said, From this watch. I said, this watch has had no work done to it. He said, There is a great deal of work done in piercing for the stones to set them; and the filings, found in the drawer, came from that watch, and these two seals. I secured the seals with a view to have them assay'd. I did not take the watch, because of damaging it; it could not be assay'd without being cut. I left that, and deposited it with his landlady. The seals I took from the constable at the justice's, when we came back again.</p>
<p>Q. to Morgan. Did you deliver the two seals to Mr. Chamberlaine there?</p>
<p>Morgan. I did.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Chamberlaine. Were the filings delivered to you by the constable?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. They were sealed up, and the files had also been sealed, for there was wax about the paper, and I opened them at the justice's: after that I went the first opportunity to the Tower, and applied myself to the assay-master at the Mint, and desired him to assay the filings, and likewise the seal-shanks, because the prisoner had told me the filings came from them.</p>
<p>Q. What is the assay-master's name?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. His name is Alchorne, he is the deputy assay-master: I opened the paper, he said, You need not leave all the filings, a small part will do. Upon opening the paper I observed some pieces of gold that looked large; then we sifted the small filings from the large pieces, and I kept them in two papers ever since, all but what we had. There are on some of the pieces enough to create suspicion, but they will speak for themselves. (produced in Court.) There are the marks of part of half a guinea appears on one of them.</p>
<p>Q. Whether, from your inspection of them, you do believe there is any thing to lead you to think they are the filings or clippings of coin?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. If I was to speak as to my belief, I should rather think they are the clippings cut from coin. I can speak with certainty they are cut from coin, because there is the moulding on the edge on one or two pieces, and a border besides. (The Jury inspect the pieces.)</p>
<p>Q. Where are the shanks for seals?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. Mr. Alchorne has got them.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Can you say they were cut from coin?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. I verily believe they were.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160010"/>Q. Why do you look upon the book to be a sort of a diary?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. Here I observe is home, home, home: you may observe that to be put against the Sunday, seemingly to denote he was at home on those days.</p>
<p>Q. Whether any of the half-guineas now produced seem to have been diminished by cutting off the edges?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. One of the half-guineas is cut upon the border, but whether it was diminished by filing or clipping does not appear now.</p>
<p>Mr. Alchorne. I am assay-master in the Tower, belonging to the Mint. I was applied to by Mr. Chamberlaine on Saturday the third of January: he brought me two seal-shanks, and some filings of gold in a paper, sealed up. We found in it some pieces of gold; we passed it thro' a sieve; I took some of the filings, and made an assay of them, they turned out very near standard; the others are four carrats one grain and a half under; that is, near about 16 s. difference the ounce between that and standard.</p>
<p>Q. Whether or not the filings that were there could be the filings of these seal-shanks?</p>
<p>Alchorne. I am very confident the filings could be no part of the filings of them.</p>
<p>Q. Would money, that turns out as the assay of the filings, be delivered at the Mint.</p>
<p>Alchorne It would.</p>
<p>Q. Did they turn out standard?</p>
<p>Alchorne. It was something below standard.</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of the gold that guineas and half-guineas are made of?</p>
<p>Alchorne. The finest is twenty-two carrats, and two carrats the alloy: when I speak of standard, I mean that standard we coin of.</p>
<p>Q. Might not the filings be taken from money?</p>
<p>Alchorne. They might or might not: there is a remedy allowed by act of parliament, that this money may deviate a little under or over.</p>
<p>Q. Does this come within that?</p>
<p>Alchorne. It does: the filings were near standard, but something below it; but so near as to be within the act of parliament.</p>
<p>Q. Suppose a number of half-guineas had been filed, might not some have been a little over, and some a little under?</p>
<p>Alchorne. Yes. Upon the whole, the filings would turn out upon an average in that manner. I believe all the money that has been made this twenty years last past would turn out upon an average standard.</p>
<p>Q. Suppose a man acting with his senses about him was to file half guineas, he would file those that are full standard, not those that are under, would he not?</p>
<p>Alchorne. There is a method taken at the Mint to prevent that, the letters are put so near the edge; in the former coin they stood farther off, that is the reason they will take them.</p>
<p>Q. Which do you think weighs most, the shanks of seals, or the filings?</p>
<p>Alchorne. I don't imagine that both the shanks together weigh as much as the filings.</p>
<p>Q. Can you say that none of the filings did make up a part of the shanks?</p>
<p>Alchorne. I cannot say that: we supposed those pieces to be pieces of money, and we compared them with half guineas that we had in our pockets.</p>
<p>Q. Do you imagine those came from coin?</p>
<p>Alchorne. They are such as I suppose might come from coin.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Chamberlaine. Where were those pieces found?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. They were found in a tin box, I think tradesmen call the box a lemellbox, or a repository for their waste gold.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find that box?</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. We found that on the table; here is a piece that appears to be an old mourning ring broke up (producing two pieces of gold, about three or four inches long) the other may be to make a new ring.</p>
<p>Mr. Slade. I have seen the prisoner three or four times.</p>
<p>Q. When was the first time?</p>
<p>Slade. The first time was about three or four years ago; he has brought some ingots of gold to our house.</p>
<p>Q. How are they form'd?</p>
<p>Slade. They are form'd by melting; they are melted and assay'd before we buy them.</p>
<p>Q. When was the last time he sold you any?</p>
<p>Slade. The last time was the date the gentleman mentioned, or within two or three days of it; that is, the twenty fifth of October: there was little better than an ounce of it; it was worth four pounds twelve shillings and eight pence.</p>
<p>Mr. Chamberlaine. The assay-paper is four pounds twelve shillings and two-pence.</p>
<p>Slade. I shew'd Mr. Chamberlaine all that I could make out that I bought of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say his name was?</p>
<p>Slade. My Clerk says he told him his name was Leigh. When we once come to know a man, we never ask him his name afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. Is it usual for a person following his business to buy or sell gold?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160011"/>Slade. Both: they more frequently sell than buy, because they are generally paid in gold.</p>
<p>Q. What did you look upon the prisoner to be?</p>
<p>Slade. I looked upon him to be a jeweller.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Is it usual to make mourning rings with gold wire?</p>
<p>Slade. It is.</p>
<p>Q. How are they fluted, or notch'd in and out, is that done with files?</p>
<p>Slade. No.</p>
<p>Q. Do they always melt the filings before they sell them to the refiners?</p>
<p>Slade. They do.</p>
<p>Q. What was the assay of this gold?</p>
<p>Slade. It was three quarters of a grain better than standard; that is, about eight pence by our assay. There is a great deal of gold comes abroad better than standard.</p>
<p>Q. How are the workmen generally paid?</p>
<p>Slade. They are paid in gold, that is, gold for gold.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner ever buy any gold of you?</p>
<p>Slade. He never did, that I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Suppose a goldsmith is ordered to make a gold ring, should it not be standard?</p>
<p>Slade. I should think so.</p>
<p>Q. But there are some make their gold under standard, are there not, and so deceive people?</p>
<p>Slade. Yes. For instance, it is so in these seals, there is a defraud of 15 s. in the ounce.</p>
<p>Counsil. You will not call the maker of that an honest man, will you?</p>
<p>Slade. No, Sir.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>As to jewellers work, there is no act of parliament, nor no rule for a standard, for men to work by, except wedding-rings and mourningrings, such we are under an obligation to work standard gold; but for other fancy-rings, it is left to the option of the workman: there is no law that binds him to any standard. These were filings of mourning-rings, with a great deal of scroll-work, which all jewellers know there is a great deal of filing in making one of them. There was some dust from fancy-rings, which require but a very slight shank to go about the finger, and if the ring is not made hard, the workman gets no credit by his work; for was it made of standard gold, it would bend like a bit of lead upon your finger; this is the reason we make them of a lower standard than other gold rings; let any man contradict me who can. There are several jewellers now in court, I appeal to them all whether I have not spoke the truth. What I have done I can justify, and hope I can make it appear to the honourable court; but as I am deprived of my memorandum-book, it depends on my memory; and through this scandal being thrown upon me, and what with great trouble and grief, my memory is impaired in a great measure.</p>
<p>Court. You may look upon your book. [It is delivered to him.]</p>
<p>Prisoner. I told Mr. Chamberlaine, he could not understand my book, except he understood Algebra. The reason is this: we substitute letters instead of figures, and various other cases. - Now here is, [ turning over some leaves ] some years past, I made my observation of the Celestial Globe, and the Terrestrial, and all the sattellites; and in my room I have marks to those. I am going to publish a book for the finding out true time. I have been seven years in finding out those calculations. Here is the Sun, the Zodiack, and all the motions of the paritcular Stars; the declination and right ascension of the Sun. Here are letters to denote what they mean, intermixed in different parts with business. Now I humbly ask a question of Mr. Slade. Sir, The two last pieces of gold that you paid me for, were they not above standard? The report was fine gold.</p>
<p>Slade. Fine gold, that is above standard; but the last that I bought was not put down fine gold. I paid the prisoner for it three pounds eighteen shillings and six-pence per ounce; but fine gold is four pounds and a crown.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I look upon this to be a malicious prosecution, owing to a dispute that happened in Mr. Evans's house, among some Scotch gentlemen. Don't you remember, Mr. Evans, that there was a dispute there, about the time of your information.</p>
<p>Evans. I never had words with the prisoner in my life.</p>
<p>Q. From prisoner. Are you sure these were all crooked money?</p>
<p>Evans. I am sure these are, and so were some others.</p>
<p>Q. From prisoner. Were they all?</p>
<p>Evans. I cannot be positive that they all were: because I past them soon after I had taken them.</p>
<p>Q. From prisoner. What sort of change did you usually give me?</p>
<p>Evans. Chiefly silver. I believe I might once give him a nine shilling piece.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160012"/>For the prisoner.</p>
<p>Mr. Blanshard. I am a jeweller, I have known the prisoner near forty years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his proper business?</p>
<p>Blanshard. It is that of a jeweller; he served his time with the most eminent man in England, Mr.
<persName id="t17610116-5-person77"> Jacob Du Hammil
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person77" type="surname" value="Du Hammil"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person77" type="given" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever know that he left his business off?</p>
<p>Blanshard. No.</p>
<p>Q. When did you know him to work last?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I believe within this three months. I saw him filing upon gold [as I imagined.] It was a mourning ring.</p>
<p>Q. Where?</p>
<p>Blanshard. At Mr. Johnson's, up two pair of stairs.</p>
<p>Q. Are the things mentioned, files and gold-dust, generally in the custody of jewellers?</p>
<p>Blanshard. Yes, they are; there is no jeweller that does any work without these things.</p>
<p>Q. Does not there always remain gold dust in the teeth of the files, which is greasy?</p>
<p>Blanshard. There does after using. I can show you many.</p>
<p>Q. What do the jewellers with their gold dust in order to sell it?</p>
<p>Blanshard. That is according to their circumstances. If a man is poor, he will melt sooner, in order to make money, so as to go on with his business. But the better way is to keep it till it comes to a great quantity; for a great quantity is melted as soon as a small one.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner's circumstance?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I cannot tell, he has always lived in great repute. I never heard any man tax him of wronging any body, or doing any mean thing.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Blanshard. It has always been that of an honest man; and he is curious in his way of work, and a very good workman.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of his being about publishing a book?</p>
<p>Blanshard. He has been upon a book, which he has shewn me; which I apprehend to be something curious.</p>
<p>Q. Have you been intimate with him lately?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I have; more this two last years, than some time before.</p>
<p>Q. Whether he has had any considerable employment in business during that time?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I never directly asked him. I have known and heard by several in the trade, that he has bought and sold. He will go and buy a picture, a gun, or a jewel, at an auction.</p>
<p>Q. Did he employ a journeyman?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I do not know that he did.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of his receiving any hurt?</p>
<p>Blanshard. He was very bad for a great while, with an injury he received on one of his arms.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago was that?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I think it was some time in the last year. He was a good while ill, but I cannot say as to what time.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this piece of gold that is fastened to this hand-vice; this was amongst the filedust?</p>
<p>Blanshard. [He takes it in his hand.] I see it.</p>
<p>Council. On the edge of it, you will see something like milling.</p>
<p>Blanshard. Here are notches made on it; but it does not absolutely appear to be the milling of money. Neither is it the thickness of half a guinea.</p>
<p>Q. Look on the hollow part of the circle, and see if you do not see fret work upon the flat part?</p>
<p>Blanshard. Here is so me work upon it I see.</p>
<p>Q. Does it not resemble the marks upon a half guinea?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I don't think this piece came from a half guinea; it is not thick enough.</p>
<p>Council. Look at this half-guinea, [taking one out of his pocket.]</p>
<p>Blanshard. This half-guinea is thinner than one I have got.</p>
<p>Q. See if there is not some fret-work on the flat part of that small piece in the vice?</p>
<p>Blanshard. There is something like it.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your viewing it, what is your opinion of it?</p>
<p>Blanshard. Here is a sort of an edge like milling; but I cannot absolutely say it came from a half-guinea.</p>
<p>Q. What do you believe?</p>
<p>Blanshard. It looks to me as if it did.</p>
<p>Q. If such a bit as this was taken from the side of a half-guinea, and the half-guinea had not been bent, but left plain, then do you not think any body would have seen the discovery?</p>
<p>Blanshard. It must be bent; for a round thing st rikes the eye immediately.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160013"/>Q. Then to be bent in that part, would i not disguise the thing?</p>
<p>Blanshard. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these three half-guineas. [The three half-guineas that came from the prisoner.] Now if a half-guinea was diminished, and bent in the manner as those are, whether the bending would not tend to disguise the part diminished?</p>
<p>Blanshard. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Whether you have any kind of work whatsoever, that the edge of it is like that piece in the vice.</p>
<p>Blanshard. We indent several pieces of work, according to fancy.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see any work indented as this is?</p>
<p>Blanshard. I can't say I ever saw any exactly done so.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Let me look at it. [He takes it in his hand.] This I cut from a nine shilling piece, that was under weight.</p>
<p>Mr. Johnson. I have known the prisoner sixteen years; he lodged at my house.</p>
<p>Q. What is he?</p>
<p>Johnson. He is a jeweller.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of his doing any work?</p>
<p>Johnson. Formerly he lived by his business: he always worked: he likewise deals in curiosities.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Johnson. I always took him to be as honest a man as ever lived, and I never heard to the contrary from any body.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of company does he keep?</p>
<p>Johnson. As to that, he does not go much to taverns: I have heard he behaved well at publichouses: he did not spend money much, but lived very frugal.</p>
<p>Mr. Clay. I have known him 16 or 17 years.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Mr. Clay. I am a sadler.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Mr. Clay. I always took him to be a very honest, industrious, and sober man.</p>
<p>Q. What countryman is he?</p>
<p>Mr. Clay. He is a Shropshireman, I know his relations, they are very honest reputable people.</p>
<p>Mr. Mason. I have known him about 30 years.</p>
<p>Q. What is he?</p>
<p>Mr. Mason. He is a jeweller.</p>
<p>Q. During the time you have known him, what has been his character?</p>
<p>Mr. Mason. He always bore an exceeding good character. I never knew it stained in my life.</p>
<p>Mr. Hudson. I have known the prison nine or ten years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Mr. Hudson. He is a very honest man.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever know him to put off diminished money?</p>
<p>Mr. Hudson. No.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-5-person78"> Richard Beal
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person78" type="surname" value="Beal"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person78" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a goldsmith, I have known the prisoner 30 years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Beal. He is an honest creature as ever breathed; I would have trusted him with half my shop.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-5-person79"> Samuel Spencer
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person79" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person79" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, I believe I have known the prisoner 12 years; but I have no: had any intercourse with him for six or seven years. I used to go to his chamber for his opinion upon jewels that have been brought to me to lend money on them. I have seen him go to his desk, and compare other jewels with them, and have seen him at work with things lying on his desk.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Spencer. I never heard but that he was a very honest, sober, industrious man.</p>
<p>Mr. Cockeron. I have known him ever since he was at Mr. Johnson's house, that is 15 or 16 years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Mr. Cockeron. It is that of an honest man.</p>
<p>Q. Have you been well acquainted with him and his character?</p>
<p>Mr. Cockeron. I have.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-5-person80"> Samuel Stroud
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person80" type="surname" value="Stroud"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person80" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-5-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an oilman and colourman, I have known the prisoner 10 or a dozen years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Stroud. He is a very honest man, I never heard any ill of him in my life; he always bore a good character.</p>
<p>Mr. Durnow. I have known him about 30 years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Mr. Durnow. It is very good, as far as I know; all his dealings have been fair and honest, as far as ever I heard.</p>
<p>Mr. Duncomb. I have known him about 20 years. I have dealt with him.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Mr. Duncomb. He bears the character of a very honest man, I have always understood him to be a very honest fair dealing man.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-5-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-5-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17610116-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-6" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<interp inst="t17610116-6" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-6-off36-c70" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-6-defend82 t17610116-6-off36 t17610116-6-verdict39"/>
<p>43. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-6-defend82" type="defendantName"> Ann Bush
<interp inst="t17610116-6-defend82" type="surname" value="Bush"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-6-defend82" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-6-defend82" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-6-deflabel35" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-6-defend82 t17610116-6-deflabel35"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-6-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-6-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-6-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two guineas and half </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17610116-6-victim84" type="victimName"> Lawrence Eckman
<interp inst="t17610116-6-victim84" type="surname" value="Eckman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-6-victim84" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-6-victim84" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-6-off36 t17610116-6-victim84"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-6-cd37" type="crimeDate">Dec. 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-6-off36 t17610116-6-cd37"/>.*</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160014"/>Lawrence Eckman. The prisoner was my
<rs id="t17610116-6-deflabel38" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-6-defend82 t17610116-6-deflabel38"/>, I took her in out of charity, she took two guineas and a half out of a drawer.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Eckman. It was found upon her, and she confessed it before the justice.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss it?</p>
<p>Eckman. I missed it the last day of December.</p>
<p>Q. How did she say she took it?</p>
<p>Eckman. She said she took the key, and opened the drawer, and took the money.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>It is the first time I ever did such a thing, and I hope to be forgiven.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-6-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-6-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-6-punish40" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-6-punish40" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-6-defend82 t17610116-6-punish40"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-7">
<interp inst="t17610116-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-7-off41-c72" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-7-defend86 t17610116-7-off41 t17610116-7-verdict43"/>
<p>44. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-7-defend86" type="defendantName"> James Matthews
<interp inst="t17610116-7-defend86" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-defend86" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-defend86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-7-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-7-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 18 pair of stockings, value 3 l. 14 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-7-victim88" type="victimName"> Alexander Herbert
<interp inst="t17610116-7-victim88" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-victim88" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-victim88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-7-off41 t17610116-7-victim88"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-7-cd42" type="crimeDate">Oct. 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-7-off41 t17610116-7-cd42"/>.*</p>
<p>William Saunders. On the 13th of October last, Mrs. Herbert sent her little boy to my house for a dozen and half of knit ribbed-hose.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day?</p>
<p>Saunders. About four in the afternoon; I looked them out particularly myself; my young man tied them up, and made the bill out, and delivered them to the lad: I saw him go out with them. The next day his mother came, and told me, that he had told her, a man dressed in the habit of a brewer's servant met with him, about Thames street, and inticed him, by pretending to send him of an errand: he got him a little way out of the street, and then got the stockings from him. I said I did not know how to direct you in this affair, without sending to justice Fielding; then, perhaps, something of it may come to light. The next day I wrote a letter to the justice, and the day after I received a letter from Mr. Tucker, a pawnbroker in Drury-lane, that he had stopped two pair of the stockings, that answered the description that I had given to justice Fielding. I went to Mr. Tucker, and saw two pair of the hose that I had delivered to the child.</p>
<p>Q. By what did you know them?</p>
<p>Saunders. I knew them by being very particular in looking them out: we never mark any.</p>
<p>Q. Do you speak with certainty?</p>
<p>Saunders. I do. [Produced in court, and deposed to.]</p>
<persName id="t17610116-7-person89"> Elizabeth Herbert
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person89" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person89" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to Mr. Herbert: my child came home about five o'clock on the 13th of November, at night, and told me he had lost the hose. I asked him how. He said a man, dressed like a brewer's servant, had taken them from him in Thames-street.</p>
<p>Q. How old is he?</p>
<p>E. Herbert. He is ten years of age next Valentine's-day. I said, should you know him again, if you saw him. He said, yes, mamma, I am sure I should. After Mr. Saunders had been to see the two pair of stockings, Mr. Fielding sent for my child to come there. I went with him. He called the child from me, from the door; there were several men came in, and the prisoner amongst them. A man said, Little boy, do you know the man. He said, yes, Sir, that is the man, and pointed to the prisoner. Then Mr. Fielding had the child up stairs, and he asked him, and he told him the same. The child was twice at Mr. Fielding's. Mr. Fielding came down stairs, and there was the prisoner, the child, and the pawnbroker. The justice asked my child again, if that was the man: he said, yes.</p>
<p>Q. Where is the child?</p>
<p>E. Herbert. He is here. [The child set up]</p>
<p>Q. to child. What will become of you, if you do not swear the truth?</p>
<persName id="t17610116-7-person90"> Charles Herbert
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person90" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person90" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I shall go to hell.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know your catechism?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. Yes. [He is sworn.]</p>
<p>Court. Be sure to say nothing but what is exactly true Do you remember your going to Mr. Saunders's?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. I do.</p>
<p>Q. What did you go there for?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. I went there for some stockings.</p>
<p>Q. How many pair of stockings?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. For a dozen and a half.</p>
<p>Q. Did you receive them there?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. I did.</p>
<p>Q. What happened afterwards as you was returning home?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. I was going home, and the prisoner was behind me. Says he, I'll give you two-pence, if you will go of an errand. He gave me sixpence to change: I changed it, and he gave me two-pence out of it. Then he said, Will you go to the sign of the Bell, to one Mr. Wright.</p>
<p>Q. How was he dressed?</p>
<p>C Herbert. He had cloaths on like a brewer's servant.</p>
<p>Q. Where is this sign of the Bell?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. It is in Thames-street. Just as I was going, he said: My dear, you cannot run fast enough with the stockings under your arm: Said I, I can. I just went to turn round to go: he jerked them out of my arm, and put them
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160015"/> against a post. I said, God bless you, Sir, take care of them. He said, Yes my dear, I'll take care of them. I went to the sign of the Bell; there was no such man there; and when I came back again, the prisoner was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body near the prisoner at that time, besides yourself?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. No, Sir, I saw nobody near: there were many people in the street. I went to look after him a good while, but could not find him.</p>
<p>Q. Was you afterwards sent for to justice Fielding's.</p>
<p>C. Herbert. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember seeing the prisoner there?</p>
<p>C. Herbert. I do, I knew him.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-7-person91"> Rachael Dixon
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person91" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person91" type="given" value="Rachael"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person91" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar offered to pledge two pair of stockings at my house on the 13th of November.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>R. Dixon. I live in Drury-lane: he had got a parcel done up in brown paper, and another parcel a red and white handkerchief; but we stopped only the two pair.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you stop them?</p>
<p>R. Dixon. Because we did not think such a person as he could afford to buy so many stockings at once. We asked him how he came by so many stockings: he said he bought those two pair for himself, and the others for a person on the other-side of the water. The next day his mother came, and desired we would let her have the stockings. She told us he was pressed, and gone on board a tender.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Are you sure it was me that brought them?</p>
<p>R. Dixon. I am.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of cloaths had he on?</p>
<p>R. Dixon. He was dressed like a brewer's servant.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all of it: I have my two masters here that I worked for.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-7-person92"> Robert Fitz-John
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person92" type="surname" value="Fitz-John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person92" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about half a year; he has worked for me and my partner ever since the 3d of November, as a labourer in serving bricklayers.</p>
<p>Q. How has he behaved during that time?</p>
<p>Fitz-John. He has behaved with all the decency a man could, and with honesty to us. He always minded his business, and kept his time.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-7-person93"> John Kerrison
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person93" type="surname" value="Kerrison"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person93" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-7-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am partner to the last evidence, I can only say the same that he has. The prisoner sent for me when he was examined before justice Fielding. There was the pawnbroker's girl with the stockings. She did not say whether she knew the man or not. The lad was asked whether he knew him; he said, I think that is the man.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner at work on the 13th of November.</p>
<p>Kerrison. That I cannot tell.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-7-verdict43" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-7-verdict43" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-7-punish44" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-7-punish44" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-7-defend86 t17610116-7-punish44"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-8">
<interp inst="t17610116-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-8-off45-c79" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-8-defend94 t17610116-8-off45 t17610116-8-verdict47"/>
<p>45. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-8-defend94" type="defendantName"> Thomas White
<interp inst="t17610116-8-defend94" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8-defend94" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8-defend94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-8-off45" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-8-off45" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8-off45" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing two sow pigs, value 50 s </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17610116-8-victim96" type="victimName"> George Strutton
<interp inst="t17610116-8-victim96" type="surname" value="Strutton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8-victim96" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8-victim96" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-8-off45 t17610116-8-victim96"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-8-cd46" type="crimeDate">Aug. 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-8-off45 t17610116-8-cd46"/>. No evidence appeared.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-8-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-8-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-8-verdict47" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-9">
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-9-off48-c81" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-9-defend98 t17610116-9-off48 t17610116-9-verdict50"/>
<p>46. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-9-defend98" type="defendantName"> George Barber
<interp inst="t17610116-9-defend98" type="surname" value="Barber"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-defend98" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-defend98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted, for
<rs id="t17610116-9-off48" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-9-off48" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-off48" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> that he having in his custody a bill of exchange, with the name
<persName id="t17610116-9-person99"> John Sharp
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person99" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person99" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> thereunto subscribed, purporting to bear date the 2d of November, 1760, at Manchester, directed to Mr. Rigby, merchant, in Gracechurch-street, for the payment of 50 l. and that he, on the
<rs id="t17610116-9-cd49" type="crimeDate">5th of December</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-9-off48 t17610116-9-cd49"/>, did make, forge, and counterfeit; and cause to be made, forged, and counterfeited; and readily acted therein a certain order by the name of
<persName id="t17610116-9-person100"> John Rigby
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person100" type="surname" value="Rigby"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person100" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> thereunto subscribed, to Mess. Honeywood, Fuller, and Co. for the payment of the said 50 l. contained in the said bill; and for publishing the said order, well knowing it to have been forged. ++ </rs> </p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person101"> George Fawell
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person101" type="surname" value="Fawell"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person101" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a clerk to Mess. Honeywood, and Co. bankers. The prisoner at the bar brought a bill to our house on Friday the 5th of December, about four in the afternoon, for 50 l.</p>
<p>Q. Where do they live?</p>
<p>Fawell. In Birchin-lane: he brought it for payment. This is the bill. [Producing it. It is read in court.]</p>
<p>Q. Was the acceptance on it when he brought it.</p>
<p>Fawell. It was. That is, accepted Dec. 1, pay at Honeywood, Fuller, and Co. for
<persName id="t17610116-9-person102"> John Rigby
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person102" type="surname" value="Rigby"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person102" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person103"> Thomas Clifton
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person103" type="surname" value="Clifton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person103" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am very well acquainted with Mr.
<persName id="t17610116-9-person104"> John Rigby
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person104" type="surname" value="Rigby"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person104" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon the name
<persName id="t17610116-9-person105"> John Rigby
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person105" type="surname" value="Rigby"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person105" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , to the acceptance.</p>
<p>Clifton. [He takes it in his hand.] This is not like his hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him write?</p>
<p>Clifton. I have several times.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure that is not his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Clifton. I am very confident it is not.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160016"/>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Clifton. I am servant to Mr. Rigby.</p>
<p>Q. Are you not in partnership with him?</p>
<p>Clifton. No, I am not.</p>
<p>Q. Does he not vary in his writing sometimes?</p>
<p>Clifton. He varies very little in his writing; but this has not the least likeness to his writing.</p>
<p>Q. to Fawell. Did the prisoner demand payment of that bill?</p>
<p>Fawell. He did. I asked him if he came for the money for it: he told me he did. I saw there was no similitude in the hand at all. I shewed it to one of the other clerks: he desired me to go to Mr. Cope. I did: he desired me to go to Mr. Rigby, to know whether any of his clerks might have wrote his name to it. I went, but did not see Mr. Rigby; I saw Mr. Clifton, that is here. I went a second time; then I saw Mr. Rigby.</p>
<p>Q. Are you well acquainted with Mr. Rigby's hand-writing.</p>
<p>Fawell. I am extremely well acquainted with it. I asked the prisoner who he received it for, if it was for himself. He said, For one Mr. Davis, a milliner, in King-street, Westminster. I asked him how he came to receive it for him. He said, He was a neighbour of Mr. Davis's, and coming into the city, he desired him to call, and receive it. I asked him if Mr. Davis had given value for it. He said he could not tell. During the time I was gone to Mr. Rigby's, the prisoner endeavoured to make his escape. When I returned, I found our people, with other assistance, had pursued and brought him back, just as I came to the door. He was then taken to the Mansion-House. His lordship was then at the Old-Bailey, being sessions time. We brought him to his Lordship. I was present at his examination. Then he told my Lord, he had found the bill [with other two bills that were found. in his pocket, when he was searched in the Poultry Counter ] on London-bridge.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Is it customary in the course of business, for the clerk to accept bills for the master?</p>
<p>Fawell. Yes; but they never write the masters name, except payable for their master. If I was clerk, I should say, payable for
<persName id="t17610116-9-person106"> John Rigby
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person106" type="surname" value="Rigby"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person106" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and sign my name.</p>
<p>Q. Did you never know a clerk to sign his master's name to a bill for his master?</p>
<p>Fawell. No, never in my life; to do it as this.</p>
<p>Q. Then how came you to go to Mr. Rigby's, to inquire whether it was his clerk's writing?</p>
<p>Fawell. As he trades to Manchester, we did not know but that some of his clerks might have inadvertently wrote it so.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person107"> Charles Holmes
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person107" type="surname" value="Holmes"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person107" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . There was an out-cry of stop him; the prisoner was coming through Change-alley; I had my knot upon my shoulder, and having but one hand, I laid hold of the skirt of his coat; he slipped away from me, I followed him cross Lombard-street, and laid hold of him again. He then himself cried out, stop him, and made his way into Abchurch-lane. A young man came out of Mr. Pope's shop, a laceman, and he and I together stopped him. We took him to Mr. Fuller's, in Birchin-lane. I being a constable, was ordered by one of the clerks so to do. Then I had charge given me of him by Mr. Fuller. I took the prisoner to the Mansion-house. Going along, I said what is the meaning of this out cry I have got you in charge for. He made slight of it, and said, only forging a note. There was never a magistrate at the Mansion-house. and I took him to the Compter. He held his hands up to Mr. Fuller, and begged he would not hang him, but get him for transportation, and would have gone on his knees.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this?</p>
<p>Holmes. This was not at the Mansion-house.</p>
<p>Q. What did Mr. Fuller say to him?</p>
<p>Holmes. He said, how came you to do so rash an action. The prisoner answered, it was merely for want of money. The next morning the prisoner was brought to the Old-Baily. I went to the Compter for him. Mr. Fuller was there, and asked the prisoner for his pocket book; the prisoner's brother was with him; and said, if you have a pocket-book, give it him. I said, I saw you have one. He delivered it to Mr. Fuller; and in it were found two other notes, and a letter. Then Mr. Fuller delivered the pocket-book to his brother.</p>
<p>*** The Second Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.</p>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="t17610116-9">
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160017"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE C ITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Friday the 16th, Saturday the 17th, and Monday the 19th of January.</p>
<p>In the first Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. Being the Second SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble Sir
<persName id="t17610116-9-person108"> Matthew Blakiston
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person108" type="surname" value="Blakiston"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person108" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER II. PART II. for the Year 1761.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J. SCOTT, at the Black-Swan, in Pater-noster Row.</p>
<p>M. DCC. LXI.</p>
<p>[Price FOUR-PENCE.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160018"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>Q. DID you look at those notes?</p>
<p>Holmes. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Mr. Fuller. I went to the compter in the morning after the prisoner was committed. I imagined this was not the first offence he had committed of this kind, and asked him for his pocket-book; at last he delivered, it up: I opened it, and took out two bills, signed Rigby.</p>
<p>Q. Did he deny having any pocket-book when you asked him for it?</p>
<p>Mr. Fuller. At first he did.</p>
<p>Q. How many partners are there of you.</p>
<p>Mr. Fuller. There is Mr. Honeywood, I, and Mr. Cope.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I found the bills on the bridge, folded in one another loose. There were a great many people by, but I did not know any of them. I did not demand the money, neither did I think of receiving it. The clerk looked at one of the bills, and went out, as I thought, to go to Mr. Rigby. I went out, and they overtook me. The man asked me what I was charged with. I said, it was on suspicion of forging a note. As for Mr. Davis, I never knew no such man.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person109"> Jonathan Skofield
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person109" type="surname" value="Skofield"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person109" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner at the bar 13 or 14 years.</p>
<p>Q. What has been his behaviour and character during that time?</p>
<p>Skofield. Very good; he served his apprenticeship with his uncle in the country.</p>
<p>Q. What country?</p>
<p>Skofield. In Yorkshire, near Wakefield, a dry-salter, a very honest man as any in the world. I could not believe the prisoner guilty of forging a note, till I went to see.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person110"> Thomas Shaw
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person110" type="surname" value="Shaw"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person110" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about 10 years in the country.</p>
<p>Q. Have you known him down to the present time?</p>
<p>Shaw. I have.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Shaw. A very good character, but I have not known much of him since he came out of the country.</p>
<p>Mr. Parker. I have known him about 15 years, down to the present time.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Parker. It is a very good one, that of an honest man; I never heard any complaints of him in my life; I should not have scrupled to have trusted him; I have trusted him, and found him very honest.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person111"> Thomas Craven
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person111" type="surname" value="Craven"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person111" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner 15 or 16 years, we were school-boys together.</p>
<p>Q. Have you known him down to the present time?</p>
<p>Craven. I have.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160019"/>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Craven. I never heard or saw any thing by him, but what was very well; he bore the character always of an honest man; he has been trusted by persons where I was in service.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person112"> Francis Maxon
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person112" type="surname" value="Maxon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person112" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about 14 years; I lived two years at his uncle's.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Maxon. He is a very civil, honest young man.</p>
<p>Q. Have you known him down to this time?</p>
<p>Maxon. I have, almost; I knew him till within this two or three years.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person113"> Jonas Carr
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person113" type="surname" value="Carr"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person113" type="given" value="Jonas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner above 18 years; I lived with his uncle, a dry salter in the country.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Carr. He always bore a good character in the country, and in town too, of that of a very honest man.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-9-person114"> John Hincliff
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person114" type="surname" value="Hincliff"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person114" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-9-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him 18 or 19 years, ever since he was a boy.</p>
<p>Q. Have you known him lately.</p>
<p>Hincliff. I cannot say I had any acquaintance with him here in town; in the country he had the sole care of his uncle's business, who must return many thousands a year; there he always bore a good character, as a very honest worthy young man.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-9-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-9-verdict50" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17610116-9-punish51" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-9-punish51" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-9-defend98 t17610116-9-punish51"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17610116-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<interp inst="t17610116-10" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-10-off52-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-10-defend116 t17610116-10-off52 t17610116-10-verdict55"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-10-off52-c99" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-10-defend118 t17610116-10-off52 t17610116-10-verdict55"/>
<p>47. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-10-defend116" type="defendantName"> Thomas Taylor
<interp inst="t17610116-10-defend116" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-defend116" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-defend116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17610116-10-defend118" type="defendantName"> John Russel
<interp inst="t17610116-10-defend118" type="surname" value="Russel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-defend118" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-defend118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-10-off52" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-10-off52" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-off52" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing 12 cod-fish, value 18 s. </rs> the property of persons unknown,
<rs id="t17610116-10-cd53" type="crimeDate">Dec. 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-10-off52 t17610116-10-cd53"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17610116-10-person119"> Stephen Boon
<interp inst="t17610116-10-person119" type="surname" value="Boon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-person119" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-10-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The beginning of last month, at several times, Taylor and I brought fish on shore, and Russel had a basket to receive them into it, and then he carried them down into a cellar.</p>
<p>Q. What are the prisoners?</p>
<p>Boon. They are
<rs id="t17610116-10-deflabel54" type="occupation">fellowship-porters</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-10-defend116 t17610116-10-deflabel54"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-10-defend118 t17610116-10-deflabel54"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Boon. I have been in the capacity of a shorer.</p>
<p>Court. Then you are an accomplice with them?</p>
<p>Boon. I am.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was this?</p>
<p>Boon. It was in the morning, before daylight.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the day of the month?</p>
<p>Boon. No, I do not: I believe it was the beginning of December.</p>
<p>Q. What became of them?</p>
<p>Boon. Russel sold them.</p>
<p>Q. What was done with the money?</p>
<p>Boon. I had share of it, we had two shillings a-piece clear, besides expences: there were several others did the same.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Where are the others that used to do the like?</p>
<p>Boon. They are all gone.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to stay behind?</p>
<p>Boon. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. Was you not taken up for selling of fish?</p>
<p>Boon. No, I was taken up in order to give an account, who it was that stole them.</p>
<p>There being no other evidence of credit to confirm Boon, who owned himself to be a guilty person, they were
<rs id="t17610116-10-verdict55" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-10-verdict55" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17610116-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-11-off56-c101" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-11-defend121 t17610116-11-off56 t17610116-11-verdict59"/>
<p>48. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-11-defend121" type="defendantName"> Thomas Hore
<interp inst="t17610116-11-defend121" type="surname" value="Hore"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-defend121" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-defend121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-11-off56" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-11-off56" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-off56" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 23 pounds weight of beef, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-11-victim123" type="victimName"> Benjamin Bentley
<interp inst="t17610116-11-victim123" type="surname" value="Bentley"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-victim123" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-victim123" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-11-off56 t17610116-11-victim123"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-11-cd57" type="crimeDate">Dec. 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-11-off56 t17610116-11-cd57"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17610116-11-person124"> Benjamin Bentley
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person124" type="surname" value="Bentley"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person124" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 24th of December, I went out about seven in the morning, and left my servant
<persName id="t17610116-11-person125"> Joshua Bowden
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person125" type="surname" value="Bowden"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person125" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , putting the meat out. (I am a
<rs id="t17610116-11-viclabel58" type="occupation">butcher</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-11-victim123 t17610116-11-viclabel58"/>.) I returned home at nine o'clock at night; then he told me he had stopped a thief.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-11-person126"> Joshua Bowden
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person126" type="surname" value="Bowden"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person126" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-11-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About seven in the morning I laid the beef out on the stall at the door. The prisoner came and took away 23 pounds of beef. I saw him drop it, when he got about 2 yards with it: he took it up again, and was going off with it; and I pursued, and took him by the collar, and brought him to the shop, and charged a constable with him.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say for himself?</p>
<p>Bowden. He acknowledged he took it, and offered to pay me for it, when I took him.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all of it.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-11-verdict59" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-11-verdict59" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-11-punish60" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-11-punish60" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-11-defend121 t17610116-11-punish60"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-12">
<interp inst="t17610116-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-12-off62-c106" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-defend128 t17610116-12-off62 t17610116-12-verdict66"/>
<p>49. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-12-defend128" type="defendantName"> Alice Holloway
<interp inst="t17610116-12-defend128" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-defend128" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-defend128" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-12-deflabel61" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-defend128 t17610116-12-deflabel61"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-12-off62" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-12-off62" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-off62" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one mahogony tea-chest, value 5 s. seven silver tea-spoons, and one silver tea-tongs, value 14 s. one linnen shift, one linnen shirt, one linnen gown, and two pair of stockings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17610116-12-victim129" type="victimName"> Jos Philips
<interp inst="t17610116-12-victim129" type="surname" value="Philips"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-victim129" type="given" value="Jos"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-victim129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-off62 t17610116-12-victim129"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-12-cd63" type="crimeDate">December 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-off62 t17610116-12-cd63"/>. ||</p>
<p>Jos. Philips. I live in Duke's-place, and
<rs id="t17610116-12-viclabel64" type="occupation">keep a cook's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-victim129 t17610116-12-viclabel64"/>. The prisoner lived
<rs id="t17610116-12-deflabel65" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-defend128 t17610116-12-deflabel65"/> with me four weeks. On the 13th of December I got up pretty late; she was up before me; she was dressing the child: the baker had brought a basket of bread: I unlocked the closet door for her, put the bread in, and went to the Synagogue:
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160020"/> I had not been gone half an hour before my wife sent for me. I went home, and found my maid was gone off, and had taken the things mentioned in the indictment away. I went to all the pawnbrokers shops in Houndsditch, and Rag fair, to enquire for her; and afterwards met her in Bishopsgate street, facing Devonshire-street. I said to her, what have you done? She answered, I am quite undone, and fell about my neck, and kissed me. I brought her home, and sent for an officer. She was much in liquor. She said, Have patience, you shall have them all again; they are sold I don't know where. The officer said to her, Where is the money you sold them for? She said, she did not know. She had about 6 s. and 6 d. in silver, and 2 s. and 9 d. in brass about her. She said, This is my master's money, that I sold the things for. We sent her to the Compter. On the Monday morning following she owned she had sold the tea-chest at a shop on the right-hand in the Minories, for 18 d. and the tea-spoons at the the corner of the Minories, at a shop going into Rag-fair, but could not tell what money she sold the things for. She said she had 4 s. and 6 d. for the rest of the things, which she sold in Rag-fair. We found the tea-chest in the shop of
<persName id="t17610116-12-person130"> Thomas Reynolds
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person130" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person130" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the shop that she had described.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-12-person131"> Abraham Abrahams
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person131" type="surname" value="Abrahams"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person131" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, I was sent for on the Saturday evening to take charge of the woman at the bar; I found her full of liquor; she could hardly give an answer to any question. She said she had sold the tea-spoons to a silversmith in the Minories; but she being so drunk, we did not care to go any where with her that night. We searched her, and found 6 s. and 6 d. in silver, and 2 s. and 9 d. in halfpence upon her. She said she had that money for his goods, and that she had lost a piece of gold. Whether it was a guinea, or a half-guinea, she could not tell. I carried her to the Compter that night, and on Monday before the alderman. On her describing where the shop was where she sold the spoons, I took her there: I told the woman I had a warrant to search. She delivered the seven spoons, and tea-tongs. They answered the description the prosecutor gave of them. The prisoner confessed the whole before the alderman.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-12-person132"> Thomas Reynolds
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person132" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person132" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-12-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a silversmith, and live in the Minories: the prisoner pawned seven silver tea-spoons on Saturday night, the 13th of December, about four or five in the afternoon. [ Produced in court, and deposed to.] My wife paid seventeen shillings for them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see it paid?</p>
<p>Reynolds. I did. The prisoner said her name was Philips: they weigh three ounces and three penny-weights.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I leave myself to my master's mercy and the court: it is a fault I never committed before, but I was very much in liquor to be sure.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-12-verdict66" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-12-verdict66" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-12-punish67" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-12-punish67" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-12-defend128 t17610116-12-punish67"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17610116-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-13-off68-c111" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-13-defend134 t17610116-13-off68 t17610116-13-verdict71"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-13-off68-c112" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-13-defend136 t17610116-13-off68 t17610116-13-verdict72"/>
<p>50. 51. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-13-defend134" type="defendantName"> James Wiseman
<interp inst="t17610116-13-defend134" type="surname" value="Wiseman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-defend134" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-defend134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17610116-13-defend136" type="defendantName"> James Skelton
<interp inst="t17610116-13-defend136" type="surname" value="Skelton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-defend136" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-defend136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-13-off68" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-13-off68" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-off68" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> feloniously ripping, cutting, and breaking, a certain leaden pipe, val. 2 s. 6 d. belonging to
<persName id="t17610116-13-victim138" type="victimName"> Thomas Simkins
<interp inst="t17610116-13-victim138" type="surname" value="Simkins"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-victim138" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-victim138" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-13-off68 t17610116-13-victim138"/> </persName> , fixed to the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17610116-13-person139"> Robert Dalton
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person139" type="surname" value="Dalton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person139" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17610116-13-cd69" type="crimeDate">Jan. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-13-off68 t17610116-13-cd69"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17610116-13-person140"> Robert Green
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person140" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person140" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17610116-13-crimeloc70">Basinghall street Postern</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-crimeloc70" type="placeName" value="Basinghall street Postern"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-crimeloc70" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-13-off68 t17610116-13-crimeloc70"/>, just on London-wall, in the house of Mr.
<persName id="t17610116-13-person141"> Robert Dalton
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person141" type="surname" value="Dalton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person141" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Green. I am a whip-maker.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know
<persName id="t17610116-13-person142"> Thomas Simkins
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person142" type="surname" value="Simkins"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person142" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Green. I do, he keeps an alehouse on London-wall, near a quarter of a mile from where I live.</p>
<p>Q. Who do you pay your rent to?</p>
<p>Green. To
<persName id="t17610116-13-person143"> Robert Dalton
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person143" type="surname" value="Dalton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person143" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he rents the house of Mr. Simkins; there are two or three lodgers there besides me, Dalton lives in the upper part of the house. I went to bed at ten o'clock on Wednesday night last as usual, and slept very soundly till after twelve, then I was awaked by a knocking at my door. I heard Mrs. Dalton's voice, I asked what she wanted; she said she desired to speak with me: I got out of bed, and opened the door, and saw all the marks of surprize and fear about her. I asked what was the matter; she told me there was somebody about the house. I heard no noise myself, I went down stairs, and looked about, and began to think it was only her fear.</p>
<p>Q. Where was her husband?</p>
<p>Green. He was constable of the night (and that for the first time of his watch.) She said her window was broke; I unbarr'd the door, and went out, and looked up the yard. but saw nobody. I climbed up the leads. There are five or six sheds which belong to several houses. I then found her window broke: then I mounted on a higher lead. and presently I espied a man laying in a gutter between two sheds; he was creeping from me, I did not think proper to attack him myself, lest he should have some accomplice. I retreated; as soon as I came from the leads, I called out thieves, and an alarm was
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160021"/> immediately given: it was some time before anybody came to my assistance. I saw a watchman in the street, and desired him to stand at a door, where I feared they might make their escape, and I watch'd the yard. I got a person to go to the watch-house for Mr. Dalton; he came, and brought several watchmen with him, then they began to search: the person that I saw on the sheds was found in a shed; he made his way out, and went to go upon the shed again, but was seized and secured.</p>
<p>Q. Which of the prisoners was that?</p>
<p>Green. That was Wiseman. I asked him if he had any accomplices: he said, Only let me have time, and I will tell you all. He then said he came along with
<persName id="t17610116-13-person144"> James Skelton
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person144" type="surname" value="Skelton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person144" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , that they had been together, and wanted money, and Skelton said to him, he knew where to get some; that was, he knew how to get into his mistress's house and how to get some money; and that the leaden pipe was in his way, and he thought proper to take that ( it was the bottom part of a pipe.) Skelton was not taken till the next day, then they were carried before the sitting alderman, there they both confessed it. Wiseman said he was drawn into it by Skelton, and Skelton said he pulled down the pipe in order to take it away.</p>
<p>Bates. I live opposite to where the affair w I was in bed, a woman called watch, th ard a man that watches at the corn what do you want? I got up; Mr. Dalton brought several watchmen: I, being a carpenter go upon a shed. When I was there, Wiseman came up where I was, in order to make his escape I laid hold of him: He said, Don't use me ill. I'll tell you how the thing was. I handed him down, and the watchman laid hold of him: then we asked him how the affair was: said he, I did not do it Mrs. Drummond's, the sn's apprentice (meaning the other prisoner) drawed me here; he called him Jemmy. He said they had been drinking together, and had neither of them any money, and he said to him. Come along with me, and I'll get some money.</p>
<p>Q. Whereabouts is Mrs. Drommond's house?</p>
<p>Bates. The back part of her house looks into that place. Wiseman said Skelton lifted him up by the leg, then he got up, and pulled down the lead; that Wiseman accidentally threw down some bricks, which broke the window, and alarmed the neighbours. Before the alderman he said he never was engaged in such an affair before, and begged mercy. Skelton said he had nothing to say in his defence, but that he did not intend to take the lead away. I found the pipe on the flat of the shed.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-13-person145"> Robert Dalton
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person145" type="surname" value="Dalton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person145" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was upon the watch that night, being constable, my wife sent one of my lodger for me. I took some watchmen with me. There are a great many passages there. I thought it necessary to fix two watchmen at the entry going to our yard, and went into the yard with other people; but Mr. Bates got upon the shed, and Wiseman was soon secured. He said James Skelton brought him there, to get money to buy beer; that Skelton told him he would take him to a place where they could get some; and that Skelton twisted the pipe; and pull'd it down. The next morning I took Skelton by London-wall, to his mistress's house, and charged him with having taken the leaden pipe. He was quite sulky, and made me no answer. I took him before the sitting alderman, there he confessed that he came there on purpose to take this lead, and begged of the alderman to be made a soldier.</p>
<p>Wiseman's Defence.</p>
<p>He and I were together all the afternoon. I being locked out of my lodgings, he told me where I could lie, and said, Come along with me, we can get into the shed where I served my time: we went in at a cooper's entry, and went there; he got upon the wall, and then on the shed: going over he saw a leaden pipe, he struck it with his foot, and slung it down; we had no intent to take it away, we went only to lay in the shed: there were a great many bricks fell, and made a noise, and alarmed the folks, that they called out thieves: as soon as the lead came down he ran away, and I was so affrighted that I did not know which way to go, and they came and took me.</p>
<p>Skelton's Defence.</p>
<p>I have laid in my mistress's shed, and I asked him to go and lay there. I never had the lead in my hand, or touched it.</p>
<p>For Wiseman.</p>
<p>Mr. Fare. I have known Wiseman between eleven and twelve years.</p>
<p>Q. How old is he?</p>
<p>Fare. He is about 16 years old; he lodged at the Magpye by Cripplegate. He was put apprentice to a fork-blade maker in Shoreditch parish.</p>
<p>Q. How has he behav'd?</p>
<p>Fare. He has behaved very well to my knowledge:
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160022"/> I never heard the least blemish of him in my life: his master is gone for a marine, and the boy has worked with me about a year, and has behaved as well as a lad of his age could be expected to do.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-13-person146"> William Ripkey Wiseman
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person146" type="surname" value="Wiseman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person146" type="given" value="William Ripkey"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-13-person146" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> lodged at my house three months and an half</p>
<p>Q. How did he behave?</p>
<p>Ripkey. Always very well: he never lay out all the time till that night this thing happened.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-13-verdict71" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-13-verdict71" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>, Skelton
<rs id="t17610116-13-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-13-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-13-punish73" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-13-punish73" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-13-defend136 t17610116-13-punish73"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17610116-14" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<interp inst="t17610116-14" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-14-off74-c122" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-14-defend148 t17610116-14-off74 t17610116-14-verdict78"/>
<p>52 (L)
<persName id="t17610116-14-defend148" type="defendantName"> Abraham Burton
<interp inst="t17610116-14-defend148" type="surname" value="Burton"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-defend148" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-defend148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-14-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-14-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linnen shirt, two shillings, and one counterpain, value two shillings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17610116-14-victim150" type="victimName"> Joseph Hemmings
<interp inst="t17610116-14-victim150" type="surname" value="Hemmings"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-victim150" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-victim150" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-14-off74 t17610116-14-victim150"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-14-cd75" type="crimeDate">Dec. 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-14-off74 t17610116-14-cd75"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17610116-14-person151"> Joseph Hemmings
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person151" type="surname" value="Hemmings"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person151" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner is
<rs id="t17610116-14-deflabel76" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-14-defend148 t17610116-14-deflabel76"/> to Mr. Baker, I am
<rs id="t17610116-14-viclabel77" type="occupation">foreman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-14-victim150 t17610116-14-viclabel77"/> to him, and had the care of the prisoner: he lodged and boarded in my house, I was to learn him his business.</p>
<p>Q. What business is Mr. Baker?</p>
<p>Hemmings. He is a paper hanger, and lives in Cheapside. The things mentioned in the indictment were missing. On the 16th of December I charged him on suspicion, and he confessed before the lord mayor that he got into the room, and took the things away: he directed me to the pawnbroker's where they were pawned: John Pain went, and found them accordingly.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-14-person152"> John Pain
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person152" type="surname" value="Pain"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person152" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The things were lost on the 16th, and the prisoner owned on the 18th, that he had taken and pawned them at the three Blue Balls, facing the Blue Last, Black Friars. I went there, and they were delivered to me. [ Produced in Court, and deposed to.]</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-14-person153"> William Merrill
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person153" type="surname" value="Merrill"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person153" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner ever since he was born.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Merrill. I never heard any thing but that of an honest industrious lad.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-14-person154"> John Francklin
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person154" type="surname" value="Francklin"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person154" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am his godfather, I never knew any thing but honesty by him.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-14-person155"> Mary Hillney
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person155" type="surname" value="Hillney"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person155" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person155" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I never heard any thing ill of him before.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-14-person156"> William Reyner
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person156" type="surname" value="Reyner"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person156" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner some time, he always behaved extremely well; he has been on board a man of war, and is a good sailor.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-14-verdict78" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-14-verdict78" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-14-verdict78" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Guilty. Recommended </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-14-punish79" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-14-punish79" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-14-defend148 t17610116-14-punish79"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-15">
<interp inst="t17610116-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-15-off80-c130" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-15-defend158 t17610116-15-off80 t17610116-15-verdict83"/>
<p>53. (L)
<persName id="t17610116-15-defend158" type="defendantName"> Richard Glyn
<interp inst="t17610116-15-defend158" type="surname" value="Glyn"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-defend158" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-defend158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-15-off80" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-15-off80" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-off80" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver stock buckle, value four shillings, one silver stud, value eighteen pence, and one clasp knife, value four pence </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17610116-15-victim160" type="victimName"> Thomas Spencer
<interp inst="t17610116-15-victim160" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-victim160" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-victim160" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-15-off80 t17610116-15-victim160"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-15-cd81" type="crimeDate">Jan. 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-15-off80 t17610116-15-cd81"/>.+</p>
<persName id="t17610116-15-person161"> Thomas Spencer
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person161" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person161" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lodge up three pair of stairs, in
<placeName id="t17610116-15-crimeloc82">Pancras-lane, between Bucklersbury and Queen-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-crimeloc82" type="placeName" value="Pancras-lane, between Bucklersbury and Queen-street"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-crimeloc82" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-15-off80 t17610116-15-crimeloc82"/>. I lost a silver shoe-buckle, one ood stud, and a clasp knife, on the third of this month, out of a table-drawer in my bed chamber.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know who took them?</p>
<p>Spencer. The prisoner was found in the dwelling-house.</p>
<p>Q. Did he belong to the house?</p>
<p>Spencer. No, he did not. We secured him till such time we had looked about, to see what was lost. I missed the things mentioned, we search'd the prisoner, and found them upon him.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say for himself?</p>
<p>Spencer. He said he came in to sleep.</p>
<p>Q. How did he get in?</p>
<p>Spencer. He got in at the warehouse-door, thro' the warehouse which goes up to the dwelling-apartment.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you find him there?</p>
<p>Spencer. It was between five and six in the evening</p>
<p>Q. Was he drunk or sober?</p>
<p>Spencer. I cannot tell which. I knew but little of the man; I had known him before, but not much of him. [The things produced in court, and deposed to.]</p>
<p>Q Did you take him before a magistrate?</p>
<p>Spencer. We took him before the lord mayor: there he did not deny the taking the things.</p>
<p>Q. Did he own he took them?</p>
<p>Spencer. I cannot say that.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-15-person162"> Richard Franklin
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person162" type="surname" value="Franklin"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person162" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came in I believe while we were at dinner, and went from the warehouse to the back part of the house.</p>
<p>Q. At whose house?</p>
<p>Franklin. At the house of Mr. Hayter: our maid saw him in the dwelling-apartment, and called out to us below. Some went up. I was at the warehouse door, and as he came down I stopt him. We had him into the kitchen, and kept him there, while they went up to search what was missing.
<persName id="t17610116-15-person163"> Thomas Spencer
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person163" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person163" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-15-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> miss'd the three things mentioned in the indictment. We searched the prisoner, and found them upon him.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say for himself?</p>
<p>Franklin. Nothing at all.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160023"/>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>The gentleman is something of a relation to me, and I had got a little by the head, and I went in there to sleep. I did not know what the things were; when I took them they were very black.</p>
<p>Q. Is the prisoner any relation to any person in the house?</p>
<p>Spencer. He claims some very distant relation to Mrs Hayter; they have been very kind to him in giving him victuals and cloaths; but he will not keep in any place. What imployment he is in now, I do not know; he is a very weak man.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-15-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-15-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-15-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-15-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-15-defend158 t17610116-15-punish84"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-16">
<interp inst="t17610116-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-16-off86-c135" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-16-defend165 t17610116-16-off86 t17610116-16-verdict88"/>
<p>53. (L.)
<persName id="t17610116-16-defend165" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Williams
<interp inst="t17610116-16-defend165" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-defend165" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-defend165" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-16-deflabel85" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-16-defend165 t17610116-16-deflabel85"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-16-off86" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-16-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one stuff petticoat, value 2 s. 6 d and six yards and a half of linnen cloth, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-16-victim167" type="victimName"> Sarah Barnes
<interp inst="t17610116-16-victim167" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-victim167" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-victim167" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-16-off86 t17610116-16-victim167"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-16-cd87" type="crimeDate">Dec. 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-16-off86 t17610116-16-cd87"/>. +.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-16-person168"> Sarah Barnes
<interp inst="t17610116-16-person168" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-person168" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-person168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner lodged with me. On the ninth of last month, she asked me for the key of the chamber, and said she would go up and make a fire, in order to get supper ready. She took it, and went up and staid ten or a dozen minutes, and then came down and went out. I went up and found my door open, and missed my petticoat, and six yards and a half of linnen cloth, and five shillings in halfpence, that lay on the tip top of the things. Her mother lodged with me; and upon taking her up, and examining her if she thought her daughter guilty, she said she thought she was; and by her mother I found her out. I got a warrant and took her up. She said she was very sorry for what she had done, and begged for mercy; and cried, and said she would never do the like again; and told us where the cloth and petticoat were, and we found them accordingly.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-16-person169"> William Masters
<interp inst="t17610116-16-person169" type="surname" value="Masters"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-person169" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-16-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar brought this piece of linnen to me on the 9th of December. She told me she bought it to make a gown for herself. I stopped it; and the prosecutrix's brother and prisoner came together for it; and I delivered it to them. [Produced in court, and deposed to.]</p>
<p>Prisoner. To be sure I was guilty of the fault; but I never saw any money as she has mentioned.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. That is not laid in the indictment; but I lost it at that time. I have been a mother and a mistress to her. She has lived with me on and off, about seven years. She has got a place, then she has came away; and I took her in several times.</p>
<p>Q. Is she related to you?</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. No, not at all; only I took a fancy to her, and loved her. I never found her guilty of any thing else; but I will not take my oath of it. Let that fall, that was but a small fault, what she did before.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-16-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-16-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-16-punish89" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-16-punish89" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-16-defend165 t17610116-16-punish89"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-17">
<interp inst="t17610116-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-17-off91-c139" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-17-defend171 t17610116-17-off91 t17610116-17-verdict93"/>
<p>54. (L.)
<persName id="t17610116-17-defend171" type="defendantName"> Mary Craddock
<interp inst="t17610116-17-defend171" type="surname" value="Craddock"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17-defend171" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17-defend171" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-17-deflabel90" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-17-defend171 t17610116-17-deflabel90"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-17-off91" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-17-off91" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17-off91" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pair of shag breeches, value 6 s. and one linnen shirt, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-17-victim173" type="victimName"> Jeremiah Reason
<interp inst="t17610116-17-victim173" type="surname" value="Reason"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17-victim173" type="given" value="Jeremiah"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17-victim173" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-17-off91 t17610116-17-victim173"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-17-cd92" type="crimeDate">Dec. 19</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-17-off91 t17610116-17-cd92"/>.</p>
<p>The prosecutor did not appear.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-17-verdict93" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-17-verdict93" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-17-verdict93" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-18">
<interp inst="t17610116-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-18-off95-c141" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-18-defend175 t17610116-18-off95 t17610116-18-verdict98"/>
<p>55. (L.)
<persName id="t17610116-18-defend175" type="defendantName"> Alice Thompson
<interp inst="t17610116-18-defend175" type="surname" value="Thompson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-defend175" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-defend175" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-18-deflabel94" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-18-defend175 t17610116-18-deflabel94"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-18-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-18-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pewter pot, value 8 d. the property of
<persName id="t17610116-18-victim177" type="victimName"> Henry Lee
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim177" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim177" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . One other pewter pint pot, value 8 d. the property of
<persName id="t17610116-18-victim179" type="victimName"> Joseph Jefferson
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim179" type="surname" value="Jefferson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim179" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . And one other pewter pot, value 8 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-18-victim181" type="victimName"> John Glover
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim181" type="surname" value="Glover"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim181" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-victim181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-18-cd96" type="crimeDate">Jan. 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-18-off95 t17610116-18-cd96"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17610116-18-person182"> Henry Lee
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person182" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person182" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17610116-18-viclabel97" type="occupation">I keep a publick house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-18-victim177 t17610116-18-viclabel97"/>. Last Monday night the prisoner at the bar was brought to my house with a pewter pint pot, my property.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of her taking it away?</p>
<p>Lee. No; she was detected at the king's-head, in the Old Change, the ostler brought her. She had a box in which were caps; in searching that, we found two other pint pots; there were four found in all upon her. [Produced in court.] She was taken before the alderman; there she confessed she stole them; she used to come about selling caps to people.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-18-person183"> Joseph Jefferson
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person183" type="surname" value="Jefferson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person183" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost a pewter pint pot, I believe on monday night the twelfth of this instant. The ostler at the king's-head in the Old Change, and another man, came with the prisoner to me and brought my pot; they said they took it out of her box, from under her caps, and at that time they showed me the other pot belonging to Mr. Lee, he lives in Little-Britain. I heard the prisoner say before the alderman, it was the first offence, and begged very heartily to be forgiven. I am certain my pot had not been taken above an hour, before she brought it again.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-18-person184"> John Glover
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person184" type="surname" value="Glover"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person184" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost a pewter pint pot; but know not when, nor who took it I was sent
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160024"/> for to the Castle by Guildhall, there the constable had the pot in his possession. How he came by it I do not know. [ Three of the pots deposed to by the three respective owners.]</p>
<persName id="t17610116-18-person185"> John Mason
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person185" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person185" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am constable. I was sent for by Mr. Lee, to take charge of the prisoner; she had her box along with her, it was a band box, I opened it. There were woollen caps, and two other pewter pint pots, one was owned by Mr. Glover, and the other belongs to the landlord at the Bowl and Pin, in Thames-street, named
<persName id="t17610116-18-person186"> William Pancrass
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person186" type="surname" value="Pancrass"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person186" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-18-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , [he is not a prosecutor.] The prisoner downed on her knees two or three times, and begged she might be forgiven, and promised she would not do the like again.</p>
<p>Q. Did she own she stole them?</p>
<p>Mason. I heard her own they were found in the box, but did not hear her say she stole them.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>As I was coming home, in the street I met a woman that sold old cloaths; she has travelled the streets a good while. I said you are very much loaded. Said she, so I. I wish you would carry this bundle into Bishopsgate street for me; they are old pots that I have bought. I said I should be at the White-hand. So I took them to carry for her. I put them into my box, because I thought they would not be so troublesome to carry, as if put them into my apron When I went into the house, the young man looked into my box; I thought it was as the woman had told me, or I should hardly have gone into the house with them. I have not seen her since, because I was taken up and confined. Here is one Mr. Smith, I see here, that knew me years ago. Please to call him to my character.</p>
<p>Q. To Constable. Did she give any account of a woman that buys old pewter, when she was in your custody?</p>
<p>Constable. No; she did not.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<p>Mr. Smith. I am a pawnbroker, I have known the prisoner between twenty and thirty years; her father was a very great carpenter in Houndsditch. I never knew any harm of her; but I have not seen her for six or seven years. So know nothing of her character for that time.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-18-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-18-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-18-punish99" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-18-punish99" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-18-defend175 t17610116-18-punish99"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-19">
<interp inst="t17610116-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-19-off101-c150" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-19-defend188 t17610116-19-off101 t17610116-19-verdict104"/>
<p>56. (M.)
<persName id="t17610116-19-defend188" type="defendantName"> Mary Adams
<interp inst="t17610116-19-defend188" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-defend188" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-defend188" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-19-deflabel100" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-19-defend188 t17610116-19-deflabel100"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-19-off101" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-19-off101" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-off101" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linnen gown, value 2 s. and one silk cardinal, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-19-victim189" type="victimName"> William Hill
<interp inst="t17610116-19-victim189" type="surname" value="Hill"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-victim189" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-victim189" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-19-off101 t17610116-19-victim189"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-19-cd102" type="crimeDate">Jan. 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-19-off101 t17610116-19-cd102"/>. ++</p>
<p>Mary Hill. I am wife to William Hill. The prisoner lived
<rs id="t17610116-19-deflabel103" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-19-defend188 t17610116-19-deflabel103"/> with me a month; and after she had been gone from me two days, I missed a linnen gown and cardinal out of my drawers. I sent up to her at Hampstead. She was brought to me. I charged her with taking them. She confessed she had taken them, and that she had carried them to her aunt's house.</p>
<p>Q. What is her aunt's name?</p>
<p>M. Hill. Her name is Elizabeth Street</p>
<p>Q. Did you give her your consent for carrying them there?</p>
<p>M. Hill. No; I never did.</p>
<p>Q. What is her aunt?</p>
<p>M. Hill. She is a gardener's wife.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner give an account how she took them?</p>
<p>M. Hill he said she took them while I was out. I had a search warrant, and went to her aunt's house, and the aunt gave them to me, as soon as came into the house</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say before the justice of the peace?</p>
<p>M. Hill. I was not with her there. [The goods produced, and deposed to.]</p>
<p>Elizabeth Street. Mary Adams brought these things to my house.</p>
<p>Q. Are you her aunt?</p>
<p>E. Street. I am. I delivered them to Mrs. Hill, when she came and demanded them. I did not see what they were when she brought them in.</p>
<p>The Prisoner said nothing in her defence.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. I believe she never did such a thing before.</p>
<p>E. Street. I will take care of her, and take her into my house if the court will please to shew her favour.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-19-verdict104" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-19-verdict104" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-verdict104" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17610116-19-punish105" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-19-punish105" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-19-punish105" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-19-defend188 t17610116-19-punish105"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-20">
<interp inst="t17610116-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-20-off106-c152" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-20-defend191 t17610116-20-off106 t17610116-20-verdict108"/>
<p>57. (M.)
<persName id="t17610116-20-defend191" type="defendantName"> Thomas Kele
<interp inst="t17610116-20-defend191" type="surname" value="Kele"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-defend191" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-defend191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-20-off106" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-20-off106" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-off106" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one brass cock, value 1 s and 2 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-20-victim193" type="victimName"> Charles Churchman
<interp inst="t17610116-20-victim193" type="surname" value="Churchman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-victim193" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-victim193" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-20-off106 t17610116-20-victim193"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-20-cd107" type="crimeDate">Dec. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-20-off106 t17610116-20-cd107"/> +</p>
<persName id="t17610116-20-person194"> Charles Churchman
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person194" type="surname" value="Churchman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person194" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost a brass cock out of my store room, on the eleventh of December.</p>
<p>Q. Was it ever found again?</p>
<p>Churchman. It was found upon the prisoner at the bar, by my foreman; I saw it the same night; my foreman sent for me to publick-house,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160025"/> where he had the prisoner and cock too.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say for himself?</p>
<p>Churchman. He said he was guilty of taking it; and was very sorry for it.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say from whence he took it?</p>
<p>Churchman. No.</p>
<p>Q. What is your foreman's name?</p>
<p>Churchman. His name is
<persName id="t17610116-20-person195"> Charles Jones
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person195" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person195" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I would recommend the prisoner to the court for mercy. He had worked for me five or six months, and behaved well before.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-20-person196"> Charles Jones
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person196" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person196" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am foreman to Mr. Churchman; he losing a leaden pump [for which Manton was tried.] I had marked those cocks and other things, thinking to detect the person that stole the pump; and the prisoner happened to be the first man that was catched in stealing. He went into the nail room after some nails, and brought me the key again. And before he went out of the yard, I went into the room, and found one of the co cks gone. I followed him, and found it upon him. He was very sorry for it; and I dare say he will take care for the future. He was quite innocent as to the leaden pump. This is the first thing I ever heard or knew him to be guilty of. [ The cock produced.] This I know to be my master's property; for I marked it with a center punch; here is the mark upon it.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-20-person197"> Thomas Jones
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person197" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person197" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am constable, the prisoner delivered this cock into my hands, and said it was not his property; and that it was the first thing that he had taken, and was very sorry for it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I did not take it; I was going out of the yard, and a poor woman picked it up. I asked her what she would take for it, she said sixpence, and I gave it her for it.</p>
<p>To his character.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-20-person198"> Lucas
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person198" type="given" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I worked with the prisoner three or four years; and he has worked for me.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Lucas. He is a very honest man, as far as I know. I have known him seven years, he lived with the duke of Bedford's steward three or four years.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-20-person199"> John Fulwood
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person199" type="surname" value="Fulwood"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person199" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner nine or ten years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Fulwood. That of an honest man, I never knew any ill of him, till this thing happened.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Fulwood. I am a bricklayer, I really think the thing has taken such an effect upon him, that I believe he will certainly be a good man hereafter. He has a wife and family.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear what he has said in his defence.</p>
<p>Fulwood. I did.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-20-verdict108" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-20-verdict108" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-verdict108" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17610116-20-punish109" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-20-punish109" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-20-punish109" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-20-defend191 t17610116-20-punish109"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-21">
<interp inst="t17610116-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-21-off110-c160" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-21-defend201 t17610116-21-off110 t17610116-21-verdict113"/>
<p>58. (M.)
<persName id="t17610116-21-defend201" type="defendantName"> George Bannister
<interp inst="t17610116-21-defend201" type="surname" value="Bannister"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-defend201" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-defend201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-21-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-21-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pair of leather shoes, value 18 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-21-victim203" type="victimName"> George Deacon
<interp inst="t17610116-21-victim203" type="surname" value="Deacon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-victim203" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-victim203" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-21-off110 t17610116-21-victim203"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-21-cd111" type="crimeDate">Dec. 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-21-off110 t17610116-21-cd111"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17610116-21-person204"> George Deacon
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person204" type="surname" value="Deacon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person204" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the thirteenth or fourteenth of last December, I lost a pair of shoes.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Deacon. I am a
<rs id="t17610116-21-viclabel112" type="occupation">shoe-mender</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-21-victim203 t17610116-21-viclabel112"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Were they new shoes, or old ones?</p>
<p>Deacon. They were old ones.</p>
<p>Q. What's the value of them?</p>
<p>Deacon. I believe eighteen-pence is the full value of them.</p>
<p>Q. Where were they taken from?</p>
<p>Deacon. They were taken from the cellar-head; the person that took them, I imagine, stood in the street.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see them taken?</p>
<p>Deacon. No; but I found them on the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. When?</p>
<p>Deacon. between eight and nine o'clock: the night they were taken. As soon as I laid hold of him, he delivered them to me.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any body else with him?</p>
<p>Deacon. No; not as I saw.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say for himself?</p>
<p>Deacon. He said he was necessitated for a pair of shoes; and hoped I would not be angry; and he would never do the like again; and came back with me very readily. I took him before the justice. I wished I had not, for I have inquired since, and found he was never guilty of such a thing before.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-21-person205"> Mary Frankston
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person205" type="surname" value="Frankston"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person205" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person205" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live just by the prosecutor. I saw the prisoner reach his hand into the cellar-head, and take the shoes out. Then I stepped to the cellar-head, and called the prosecutor out, and he ran after him.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I was coming along St. Giles's, and kicked the shoes before me, and took them up and put them under my arm.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160026"/>Prosecutor. I cannot swear he took them from my shop.</p>
<p>Q Do you think they might not fall from the cellar-head into the street?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. They could not readily fall so.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-21-person206"> Mary Baunister
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person206" type="surname" value="Baunister"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person206" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person206" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner is my son-in-law. Mr. Deacon has charged 12 s. for the shoes, and has had it.</p>
<p>Q. To Deacon. Have you compounded this affair?</p>
<p>Deacon. I had not any money of them; they brought such a thing and laid it down, and there they might leave it for what I know. I did not take it, nor meddle with it.</p>
<p>M. Bannister. He had five shillings besides that; they had 17 s. in all, in order that my son should not be prosecuted. The 12 s. was left on his chest, in his own house; and I myself gave him the five shillings.</p>
<p>Q What did you give it him for?</p>
<p>M. Bannister. In order, as he said, to fling out the bill; he proposed to throw the bill out.</p>
<p>Q. Which had he first?</p>
<p>M. Bannister. He had the five shillings last.</p>
<p>Deacon. I will tell the whole truth as it is. In the first place, I lost, to the best of my knowledge, six pair of shoes. Since she has proceeded so cross, I will lay the thing open. I did not see the shoes taken, but my neighbour said he took them at three several times. When I went after him, I found but one pair upon him. When I took him before the justice, he owned to the taking of 5 pair. After he was committed, his friends came and said. I had been a very great sufferer by him; and they desired I would not be hard against him to hang him. They said they would make me recompence, for my loss. I said I will not take any recompence, I do not want to hang or transport him. Said they, you shall have satisfaction. I said, I did not desire any. This woman brought a man and woman, in order to bring me to comply. At that time, I would not take anything. She came again, and they brought me twelve shillings, and wanted to give it to me into my hand. Because my shoes were of more value, I would not take it; I nor my wife did not take it. They say they left it behind them; I cannot say they did leave any. When I came to Hicks's-Hall, to find the bill, they begged I would lay it easy, and they would make me amends, to help defray my expences. They sent a strange woman with five shillings, and that I did take of this strange woman. But as for any more, I did not; and that I did not insist upon; only as the woman said, I had lost so much, she would make me recompence, and I did not think any harm in it. If I had imagined any harm in it, I would not have done it.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the twelve shillings?</p>
<p>Deacon. I cannot tell whether they took it away or not, I cannot say.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see it?</p>
<p>Deacon. I saw it in their hands, and they tempted me with it several times.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-21-person207"> Eleanor Gladman
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person207" type="surname" value="Gladman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person207" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person207" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Mrs. Bannister came to me, and desired me to go to this man's house, to see what he intended to do with her child. The man spoke very civilly, and said, he had lost so many pair of shoes, but could not tell who took them; and that he was a poor working man, and it was a great loss to him; that there were six pair of them, but he could lay no more than five pair to the prisoner: he told me 8 s. was the value of them. Then Mrs. Bannister came to me again. I said the man demanded 12 s. for them. Then she and I went to the prosecutor; she gave me 12 s. in my hand, and I offered it to him: he bid me lay it down upon the end of the chest: a man came in, and they were bargaining about some leather. I said to his wife, by his order, do you mind that money, don't let it be lost.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you lay it down there?</p>
<p>E. Gladman. Because he said he would not take it in his hand.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say he would not have any thing to do with it?</p>
<p>E. Gladman. No, he did not; he said he was willing to be paid for the things he had lost; and as he told us he had found one pair upon him, and he owned to the taking five more, I did give him five shillings in Hicks's-hall. He said he would throw the bill out for a small trifle. We asked him how much? He said five shillings. He said he had an acquaintance in Hicks's-hall, that he believed would do it, and he took the five shillings out of my hand.</p>
<p>Deacon. I never said no such thing.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-21-person208"> Ann Hickman
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person208" type="surname" value="Hickman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person208" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person208" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> I have known the prisoner a great many years.</p>
<p>Q. What has been his behaviour?</p>
<p>A. Hickman. I never knew him do a bad thing in my life: he and I were bred children together.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-21-person209"> Elizabeth Sparks
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person209" type="surname" value="Sparks"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person209" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-21-person209" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known him ever since he was five or six years of age, he is a very honest
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160027"/> lad, and his father and mother very honest people.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-21-verdict113" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-21-verdict113" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>The prosecutor paid the money back again, and by much humbling himself, narrowly escaped Newgate.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-21-punish114" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-21-punish114" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-21-defend201 t17610116-21-punish114"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-22">
<interp inst="t17610116-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-22-off115-c168" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-defend211 t17610116-22-off115 t17610116-22-verdict120"/>
<p>59. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-22-defend211" type="defendantName"> Samuel Arnold
<interp inst="t17610116-22-defend211" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-defend211" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-defend211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-22-off115" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-22-off115" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-off115" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one hat, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-22-victim212" type="victimName"> Mary Wall
<interp inst="t17610116-22-victim212" type="surname" value="Wall"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-victim212" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-victim212" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-off115 t17610116-22-victim212"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-22-viclabel116" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-victim212 t17610116-22-viclabel116"/>,
<rs id="t17610116-22-cd117" type="crimeDate">January 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-off115 t17610116-22-cd117"/>. ++</p>
<p>Mary Wall.
<rs id="t17610116-22-viclabel118" type="occupation">I keep a tobacconist's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-victim212 t17610116-22-viclabel118"/>; I lost a hat, my late husband's, from out of my shop. On Saturday night I had brought it down, in order to sell it, and laid it on the shop-window: I saw a man open the door, and put his hand in, and take it: I called out stop thief, and the prisoner was taken in a few minutes after, and brought to justice Cox.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>M. Wall. I live in
<placeName id="t17610116-22-crimeloc119">the Strand, within two doors of St. Martin's-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="the Strand, within two doors of St. Martin's-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-off115 t17610116-22-crimeloc119"/>; I thought my hat lost, but soon was sent for to the justice; there I found the hat and the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say for himself?</p>
<p>M. Wall. He said he was not the person that stole it: there I had my hat restored to me again.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-22-person213"> Matthew Stubbs
<interp inst="t17610116-22-person213" type="surname" value="Stubbs"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-person213" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-22-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was going up the Strand, and I saw the prisoner come past me; there was a great cry after him, Stop thief, stop thief. I laid my hand on his shoulder, and said, Are you the man? He said, no, he was not. I went a little further, and saw something stand out behind his coat. I called, You, Sir, what have you behind your coat: he said nothing. He went on a little further, and threw the hat over some iron rails, at a person's door: I took it up.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the prisoner is the man that threw it there?</p>
<p>Stubbs. I am sure it was he. [A hat produced.] This is the very hat.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. This is my property, and what was taken from my shop-window that night.</p>
<p>Stubbs. The prisoner was taken, and secured by the constable and watchman, while I had the hat in my hand.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the night was this?</p>
<p>Stubbs. This was a little after nine at night: he was carried before the justice: he was asked about stealing the hat; and he said he knew nothing of it, he was not the man.</p>
<p>Q. How soon was he taken after you had took up the hat?</p>
<p>Stubbs. He was taken and brought back about a minute or two after; the woman was sent for, and she swore to her hat before the justice.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had been at Westminster, to see an acquaintance; coming back I saw a great crowd at justice Cox's door; I stood to see what the matter was; there was the cry, Stop thief. I saw something thrown over the rails. I ran along with the people: a person came and clapped hold on my shoulder, and said I had stole the hat. That person's a thieftaker I told him he was mistaken: they brought me to this man, Mr. Stubbs, and he said I was the person that threw the hat there; but I know nothing of the matter, neither did I know what was the matter, 'till I came to justice Cox.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-22-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-22-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-22-punish121" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-22-punish121" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-22-defend211 t17610116-22-punish121"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-23">
<interp inst="t17610116-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-23-off122-c171" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-23-defend215 t17610116-23-off122 t17610116-23-verdict126"/>
<p>60. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-23-defend215" type="defendantName"> Thomas Pearce
<interp inst="t17610116-23-defend215" type="surname" value="Pearce"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-defend215" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-defend215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-23-off122" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-23-off122" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-off122" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one wooden-cask, value 2 d. and fifty pounds of butter, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-23-victim217" type="victimName"> Charles Bucchanan
<interp inst="t17610116-23-victim217" type="surname" value="Bucchanan"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-victim217" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-victim217" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-23-off122 t17610116-23-victim217"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-23-cd123" type="crimeDate">Dec. 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-23-off122 t17610116-23-cd123"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17610116-23-person218"> Charles Bucchanan
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person218" type="surname" value="Bucchanan"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person218" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17610116-23-viclabel124" type="occupation">cheesemonger</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-23-victim217 t17610116-23-viclabel124"/>, and live in
<placeName id="t17610116-23-crimeloc125">Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-crimeloc125" type="placeName" value="Whitechapel"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-crimeloc125" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-23-off122 t17610116-23-crimeloc125"/>. On the 12th of December. in the evening, I lost a cask of butter; but I never saw the prisoner till he was taken and brought back to my shop, with the butter upon him.</p>
<p>Q. Who brought him back?</p>
<persName id="t17610116-23-person219"> Henry Styles
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person219" type="surname" value="Styles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person219" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> brought him back about two hours after it was missing.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it missing?</p>
<p>Bucchanan. There were 20 casks of them in all, at my shop-door, between five and six o'clock.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-23-person220"> Henry Styles
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person220" type="surname" value="Styles"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person220" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-23-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I weighed this cask of butter, and put it with nineteen more, by the door, in order to be loaded: the cart was not ready. My master called me to do some business, and the cart came to the door: then we missed one of the firkins. I said to my fellow-servant, here are but nineteen! A little child was by; said she, I saw a man take one of the tubs up, and go over there (pointing towards Newcastle-street.) My master sent me and another fellow-servant as far as Aldgate; I went on one side of the way, and he on the other. We could see nothing of the cask. Then my master ordered me to go and look in all the alleys and places about: I went down Newcastle-street, Fashion-street, Winsford-street, and Wheeler-street; and left word at some little shops, if any person should offer a cask of butter to sell, to let my master know of it. After that a person came and said, such a person had
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160028"/> offered some butter at a shop in Winsford-street. I went there; the woman met me at the door, and said, Here is a man can inform you of a person that has butter to sell. The man said, I'll shew you the man, he is at a barber's shop. We went into the barber's shop, and there I saw the cask standing, and the barber was shaving the prisoner. I said, What have you got here, rum, or brandy? Let us tap it. The prisoner got up, and d - d me, and said, It is my property. I knew it as soon as I saw it. I sent the man that called me there for a constable. I told the prisoner it was my master's property, and desired him to carry it along with me. First the prisoner told me he found it in George-yard, then in Castle-street, and at last said he was drunk.</p>
<p>Q. How long had it been gone before you missed it.</p>
<p>Styles. It had not been gone seven minutes before we missed it. The prisoner said he was sorry for it: he was put in the watch-house that night.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say he took it from the door?</p>
<p>Styles. No, he did not: the next morning he desired I would be as favourable as I could. I carried him to justice Fielding. [The butter produced in court.] This is my master's cask and butter, which was taken from the door that night.</p>
<p>A Witness. I saw the prisoner offer to sell this very cask of butter, at a little chandler's shop.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had done work, and as I was going home, between five and six in the evening, through Newcastle-street, there lay a cask or butter; I kicked it with my foot, thinks I what is this: I took it up, it was pretty heavy; there was no soul there to look at me. I said to myself, God bless me, this is a cask of brandy. I took it on my shoulder, and took it away. Thinks I, I will take it home; but instead of that I took it with me to the barber's shop, that I might be shaved. Then I thought I would have some inquiration after this the next day, which was Sunday; and thought I would have it advertized on the Monday, that every body might have their own property. There were no witnesses by when I took it on my shoulder.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-23-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-23-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-23-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-23-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-23-defend215 t17610116-23-punish127"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-24">
<interp inst="t17610116-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-24-off130-c177" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-24-defend222 t17610116-24-off130 t17610116-24-verdict131"/>
<p>61. (M) Mary,
<rs id="t17610116-24-deflabel128" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-24-defend222 t17610116-24-deflabel128"/> of
<persName id="t17610116-24-person221"> Thomas Macintear
<interp inst="t17610116-24-person221" type="surname" value="Macintear"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-person221" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise
<persName id="t17610116-24-defend222" type="defendantName"> Mary Macintear
<interp inst="t17610116-24-defend222" type="surname" value="Macintear"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-defend222" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-defend222" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-24-deflabel129" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-24-defend222 t17610116-24-deflabel129"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-24-off130" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-24-off130" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-off130" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linnen shift, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-24-victim224" type="victimName"> Frances Coffield
<interp inst="t17610116-24-victim224" type="surname" value="Coffield"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-victim224" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-victim224" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-24-off130 t17610116-24-victim224"/> </persName> . Dec. 3. ++</p>
<persName id="t17610116-24-person225"> Mary Coffield
<interp inst="t17610116-24-person225" type="surname" value="Coffield"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-person225" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-person225" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I had taken my shift from a line, and put it in a basket at my bed's-head: the prisoner came to see me; I asked her to eat some bread and cheese. While we were talking together by the fire-side, there was an odd shift-sleeve hung on the line; I took, and put that in the basket. Then I am sure my shift was there. I was telling her how I had been robbed. I was taken ill, and could talk no more; and said I must lie down on my bed. I lay down, and she put the things about me: she wanted to draw the curtain; but I said I did not chuse that. She pulled the curtain with one hand, and I observed, at the same time, the things in the basket to stir; I looked, and saw her hand in the basket. I was afraid she was not an honest woman. She went away, and said she would bring some warm beer. When she was going out she asked me how she should fasten the door: I bid her fasten it, and put the key through the hole, which she did. As soon as I got a little better, I got up, looked in the basket, and missed my shift: it was a new one. She came to me in two days after; but I concluded not to let her know of it, 'till such time as I had an opportunity of taking her up; and I did not know but she would give me my shift again. At last I took her up, and before the justice she owned she had taken it, and cut it up.</p>
<p>Q. What was your shift worth?</p>
<p>M. Coffield. It was worth three shillings.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never saw the prosecutrix 'till she came to me six weeks ago lask Monday; she was talking of her poverty, and I said I was as poor as she: she told me I should come and live along with her, if I would. I said I should be glad of it: she told me where she lived. I said she might enquire my character at Mr. Prentice's, a cheese-monger, near Smithfield-bars, and a breeches-maker's. She asked me when I would come to see her: I said next Thursday, and I would bring my child. I went, and when I came to the corner of the house, there was a puddle of water, I could not get my child over. I went into her room, and found her sitting by the fireside. She told me she was very bad with her head and eyes, and could not afford t o have any fire at all: she said she was so ill, she could not tell what to do. I perswaded her to lie down on the bed. She said she could not make any
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160029"/> money, not having any thing in the room that would fetch her sixpence, except an old gown that she had fetched out of pawn the last week. I said I would give her part of a pint of warm beer. She bid me go to the Eight Bells, and fetch it. I did, and gave her about half of it, as she lay on the bed. Then I covered her up. She asked me to come again the next day. I could not go that day, but went the Saturday following: she seemed to make me very welcome, and gave me the best part of half a peck of flour, and desired to know when I would come and live with her. I said, I was afraid the place would not do for me, it was so dirty, I could not come in with my goods. I went away, and did not see her again 'till the Thursday fortnight after; then she took me up. The constable that had me in charge, paid for a bed for me in Bridewell, for a fortnight and three days, after he heard of my character.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-24-verdict131" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-24-verdict131" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-verdict131" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17610116-24-punish132" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-24-punish132" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-24-punish132" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-24-defend222 t17610116-24-punish132"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-25">
<interp inst="t17610116-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-25-off134-c180" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-defend227 t17610116-25-off134 t17610116-25-verdict138"/>
<p>62. (M)
<persName id="t17610116-25-defend227" type="defendantName"> Sarah Pettit
<interp inst="t17610116-25-defend227" type="surname" value="Pettit"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-defend227" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-defend227" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-25-deflabel133" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-defend227 t17610116-25-deflabel133"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-25-off134" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-25-off134" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-off134" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silk gown, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-25-victim229" type="victimName"> Jane Sharp
<interp inst="t17610116-25-victim229" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-victim229" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-victim229" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-off134 t17610116-25-victim229"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-25-viclabel135" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-victim229 t17610116-25-viclabel135"/>,
<rs id="t17610116-25-cd136" type="crimeDate">Dec 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-off134 t17610116-25-cd136"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17610116-25-person230"> Jane Sharp
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person230" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person230" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person230" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner was a lodger to me.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. I live in
<placeName id="t17610116-25-crimeloc137">Newen-yard, Shoreditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-crimeloc137" type="placeName" value="Newen-yard, Shoreditch"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-crimeloc137" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-off134 t17610116-25-crimeloc137"/>.</p>
<p>Q. How long was she a lodger in your house?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. She lay seven nights in my house, in the same bed with me; I took her in, thinking her an honest person; she took an opportunity to take my gown out of my trunk.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss it?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. The day after Christmas-day. I was drinking tea, and I took my key out of my pocket, and left it upon the table.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen it last?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. I had not opened my trunk for three weeks before, or better.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the prisoner when you missed the gown?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. She went from me on the Saturday night, and I missed it on the Sunday.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you meet with her again?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. I found her in Moorfields, and asked her what she had done with the key of my trunk: she denied knowing any thing of it. Then I said, What have you done with my gown which you took out of my trunk? She denied that too; but at last she owned she had pawned it for ten shillings in Houndsditch. I went to the place where she directed me, and there I found it. [ Produced in court, and deposed to. ]</p>
<p>Prisoner. She lent me this gown, and I was to pay her 18 d. per week.</p>
<p>Q. to J. Sharp. Did you ever lend her that gown?</p>
<p>J. Sharp. No, never, neither to her or any mortal in the world. I have had it about 35 years, I did not use to wear it much myself.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-25-person231"> John Comber
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person231" type="surname" value="Comber"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person231" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I dwell in the house of the prosecutrix, she left the key on the table; and since the prisoner has been taken up, I heard her own that she took it, and went and took the gown the day after Christmas-day.</p>
<p>Q. When did she confess this?</p>
<p>Comber. She confessed this on a Sunday evening, in King-street, Moorfields, and said she had thrown the key down the vault.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-25-person232"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person232" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person232" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Houndsditch; the prisoner brought this gown to me to pawn on the 26th of December last.</p>
<p>Q. What is it made of?</p>
<p>Smith. It is a sort of damask, or sattin gown.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lend her upon it?</p>
<p>Smith. I lent her 10 s. upon it. I asked her whose it was; she said it was her mother's, who lived in Swan-alley, near Goodman's-fields; and that she had had it near 40 years.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner before?</p>
<p>Smith. No, I never saw her before.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day did she bring it?</p>
<p>Smith. It was in the afternoon, before dusk.
<persName id="t17610116-25-person233"> Jane Sharp
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person233" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person233" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person233" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> has been and claimed it since.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>That gown was lent me for 18 d. a week; I paid one 6 d. of the money; I have witness of it.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutrix. What is your business.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. I take in washing for my bread.</p>
<p>Q. to Comber. Whether you heard the prisoner say the prosecutrix lent her that gown?</p>
<p>Comber. No, she did not say any such thing.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-25-person234"> Alice Royston
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person234" type="surname" value="Royston"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person234" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-25-person234" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner lived with me about three years ago.</p>
<p>Q. How long did she live with you?</p>
<p>A. Royston. Two years and a quarter.</p>
<p>Q. What is her general character?</p>
<p>A. Royston. I never heard any ill of her.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-25-verdict138" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-25-verdict138" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-25-punish139" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-25-punish139" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-25-defend227 t17610116-25-punish139"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-26">
<interp inst="t17610116-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-26-off141-c188" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-26-defend236 t17610116-26-off141 t17610116-26-verdict143"/>
<p>63. (M.) Loramy,
<rs id="t17610116-26-deflabel140" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-26-defend236 t17610116-26-deflabel140"/> of
<persName id="t17610116-26-person235"> William Obrian
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person235" type="surname" value="Obrian"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person235" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise
<persName id="t17610116-26-defend236" type="defendantName"> Loramy Obrian
<interp inst="t17610116-26-defend236" type="surname" value="Obrian"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-defend236" type="given" value="Loramy"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-defend236" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-26-off141" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-26-off141" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-off141" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one pair of bed curtains, value
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160030"/> 2 s. one large bible, value 3 s. one flowered silk gown value 6 s. one damask table cloth, value 1 s. one linnen sheet, value 2 s. one calico sheet, value 2 s. one-brass saucepan, value 1 s. the property of
<persName id="t17610116-26-victim238" type="victimName"> James Lynn
<interp inst="t17610116-26-victim238" type="surname" value="Lynn"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-victim238" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-victim238" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-26-off141 t17610116-26-victim238"/> </persName> , in a certain lodging room, let by contract </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17610116-26-cd142" type="crimeDate">Dec. 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-26-off141 t17610116-26-cd142"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17610116-26-person239"> James Lynn
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person239" type="surname" value="Lynn"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person239" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner took a lodging room of me, at two shillings a week. I have known her six years.</p>
<p>Q. When did she come to live in her lodging?</p>
<p>Lynn. She came about four months ago. I lost out of a chest in my own dwelling room, a pair of sheets, a callico one, a silk gown, and a diaper table cloth.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lose out of the prisoner's lodging room?</p>
<p>Lynn. I lost a large bible, and the curtains from her bed, and a saucepan.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever meet with them again?</p>
<p>Lynn. I found them again, by the prisoner's own confession.</p>
<p>Q. When did she confess it?</p>
<p>Lynn. I cannot say the time, it was some time ago; I believe about a fortnight ago, I am under a great deal of confusion, my wife lies bed-rid, and I have no-body but myself to attend her.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say she had done with them?</p>
<p>Lynn. She said, she had pawned my bible and the gown for six shillings. I do not remember what she said she pawned the other things for. [The curtains, bible, callica-sheet, gown and saucepan, produced in court, and deposed to.]</p>
<p>Mr. Ashberner. I have known the prisoner upwards of half a year.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Ashberner. I am a pawnbroker, and live in Bedford-street, Bedford-row. These things here produced, were brought by the prisoner at the bar, and pawned at my house.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lend upon them, and when were they brought?</p>
<p>Ashberner. The gown was brought on the twenty-second of November, and pawned for seven shillings, the sheet the twenty-fourth for four shillings, the curtains the nineteenth of December for three shillings, the bible the twenty-fourth for three shillings; the saucepan the twenty-third for two shillings.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask her whose property they were?</p>
<p>Ashberner. I did. She assured me that they were her own. She had been at our shop to pawn things before, and frequently redeemed them.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-26-person240"> James Hunt
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person240" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person240" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-26-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Parker's court, Knaves-acre, St. James's. I am a pawnbroker. I have known the prisoner four or five months. She has used to pawn things at our shop. I took in a sheet and table cloth of her. [ Produced in court.]</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I cannot be sure to these things.</p>
<p>Q. What can you be certain to?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I can swear to the gown and bible.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>The prosecutor agreed with me; I was to pay the money at so much a we, and I was to fetch them again, and was going for the things when I was taken up. She gave me so long a time to get them again.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Did you agree she should get them again, and so to forgive her?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No; I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did your wife make such an agreement?</p>
<p>Ashberner. I now nothing of that.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-26-verdict143" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-26-verdict143" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-26-punish144" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-26-punish144" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-26-defend236 t17610116-26-punish144"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-27">
<interp inst="t17610116-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-27-off146-c192" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-defend241 t17610116-27-off146 t17610116-27-verdict150"/>
<p>64. (M.)
<persName id="t17610116-27-defend241" type="defendantName"> Constant,
<rs id="t17610116-27-deflabel145" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-defend241 t17610116-27-deflabel145"/> of
<persName id="t17610116-27-person242"> Stephen Thody
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person242" type="surname" value="Thody"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person242" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-defend241" type="surname" value="Thody"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-defend241" type="given" value="Constant"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-defend241" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-27-off146" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-27-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silk bonnet, value 1 s. one cloth coat, value 3 s. one linnen shift, value 1 s. one child's blanket, value 1 s. one linnen shirt, value, 1 s. one muslin handkerchief, value 1 s. one checked handkerchief, value 6 d. one dimity petticoat, value 1 s. and two flannel petticoats, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-27-victim244" type="victimName"> William Cheetham
<interp inst="t17610116-27-victim244" type="surname" value="Cheetham"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-victim244" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-victim244" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-off146 t17610116-27-victim244"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-27-cd147" type="crimeDate">January 6</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-off146 t17610116-27-cd147"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17610116-27-person245"> William Cheetham
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person245" type="surname" value="Cheetham"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person245" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17610116-27-crimeloc148">Houndsditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-crimeloc148" type="placeName" value="Houndsditch"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-crimeloc148" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-off146 t17610116-27-crimeloc148"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Cheetham. I belong to his majesty's navy.</p>
<p>Q. In what office?</p>
<rs id="t17610116-27-viclabel149" type="occupation">I am captain's clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-victim244 t17610116-27-viclabel149"/>; the prisoner was hired by my wife, she carries on the business of quilting. I have sent the prisoner with gold, and she has brought me my change; we have left drawers open, and never found any thing diminished till this time. On the 6th of this instant, my wife admitted her to lie in the house, as it was late to go home to her own lodgings; and in the morning my wife went to look for some things to put on, and they were missing.</p>
<p>Q. What was missing?</p>
<p>Cheetham. The things mentioned in the indinctment. The prisoner was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you meet with her again?</p>
<p>Cheetham. I found her in Shoreditch, about six that evening, she was very much in liquor,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160031"/> I secured her. The next morning she told us where the things were in pawn, she had my wife's cloak, apron and bonnet on; and a linnen shirt, a shift, a muslin handkerchief, a child's dimity skirt, and two flannel petticoats, were found at the pawnbroker's, by her direction, in Crispin-street, Goodman's-fields, pawn'd for 3 s. [ The things produced in court.]</p>
<p>Q. What is the pawnbroker's name?</p>
<p>Cheetham. Her name is
<persName id="t17610116-27-person246"> Sarah Ambrouge
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person246" type="surname" value="Ambrouge"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person246" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person246" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17610116-27-person247"> Elizabeth Jeffereys
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person247" type="surname" value="Jeffereys"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person247" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person247" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to
<persName id="t17610116-27-person248"> Sarah Ambrouge
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person248" type="surname" value="Ambrouge"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person248" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-person248" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I have known the prisoner near two years, she used to bring things of value to pawn of her own. I never knew her to do an ill thing in my life. She pawned those things produced here to me, on Tuesday morning, for 3 s. had they been of bigger value, I should not have disputed the lending the money on them. I asked her no questions.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I went to see some relations, and they got me a little in liquor, and I made free with my mistress's cloaths.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-27-verdict150" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-27-verdict150" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-27-punish151" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-27-punish151" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-27-punish151" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-27-defend241 t17610116-27-punish151"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-28">
<interp inst="t17610116-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28" type="year" value="1761"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17610116"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17610116-28-off152-c199" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-28-defend250 t17610116-28-off152 t17610116-28-verdict156"/>
<p>65. (M).
<persName id="t17610116-28-defend250" type="defendantName"> Christian Fresenburg
<interp inst="t17610116-28-defend250" type="surname" value="Fresenburg"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-defend250" type="given" value="Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-defend250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-28-off152" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-28-off152" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-off152" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing six china cups, value 1 s. nine china saucers, value 1 s. one china tea pot, value 6 d. and two china basons, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17610116-28-victim251" type="victimName"> Gustavus Dormer
<interp inst="t17610116-28-victim251" type="surname" value="Dormer"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-victim251" type="given" value="Gustavus"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-victim251" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-28-off152 t17610116-28-victim251"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17610116-28-cd153" type="crimeDate">Dec. 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-28-off152 t17610116-28-cd153"/>. ||</p>
<p>Gustavus Dormer. I lodge at a publick-house in
<placeName id="t17610116-28-crimeloc154">Wapping</placeName>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-crimeloc154" type="placeName" value="Wapping"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-crimeloc154" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-28-off152 t17610116-28-crimeloc154"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Dormer. I am
<rs id="t17610116-28-viclabel155" type="occupation">seafaring-man</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-28-victim251 t17610116-28-viclabel155"/>. I lost out of my chest six cups, nine saucers, a tea-pot, and two basons; all china.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss them?</p>
<p>Dormer. I missed them before Christmas. I cannot exactly tell the time.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you charge the prisoner?</p>
<p>Dormer. He lodge in the same house I do.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know him before?</p>
<p>Dormer. I never saw him before the night I came here from India.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever find them again?</p>
<p>Dormer. I found them again in the house of
<persName id="t17610116-28-person252"> Mary Dixon
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person252" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person252" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person252" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , eight days after I missed them, [ produced in court, and deposed to.] I carried the prisoner before a justice in Shadwell, and charged him with taking them, and he did not deny it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of his taking them?</p>
<p>Dormer. The prisoner said he had taken them, and carried them to
<persName id="t17610116-28-person253"> Mary Dixon
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person253" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person253" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person253" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's house.</p>
<p>Mr. Matthews. The prosecutor is a Sweed. The prisoner was supposed to frequent the house of
<persName id="t17610116-28-person254"> Mary Dixon
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person254" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person254" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person254" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; I was present at the search; the officer took
<persName id="t17610116-28-person255"> Mary Dixon
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person255" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person255" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person255" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> before justice Berry. There she said,
<persName id="t17610116-28-person256"> Christian Fresenburg
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person256" type="surname" value="Fresenburg"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person256" type="given" value="Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> brought the china to her house; he was taken in about an hour after; but I was not present on his examination.</p>
<p>Q. To prosecutor. Did the prisoner say he took them out of your chest?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No.</p>
<p>Q. Where did your chest stand; in a publick or a private room?</p>
<p>Dormer. In a publick room, where a great many people went.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never said any such thing as that; I carried them to
<persName id="t17610116-28-person257"> Mary Dixon
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person257" type="surname" value="Dixon"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person257" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person257" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's. I was not asked such questions at the justice's; neither did I take them.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-28-person258"> Osmond Osmondson
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person258" type="surname" value="Osmondson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person258" type="given" value="Osmond"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner five years; I always took him to be an honest man; he has been at my house several times. I live just by where the prosecutor lodges.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-28-person259"> James Robertson
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person259" type="surname" value="Robertson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person259" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about four years; I have been in his company many and many a time; he always behaved as an honest man, I never heard any thing amiss of him, he is a very modest behaved young man.</p>
<p>Henry Hall. I have known him from a child, we were both bred and born, and brought up together in Norway, he is a seafaring-man.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever fail with him?</p>
<p>Hall. No.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Hall. He always behaved honestly, I never heard to the contrary.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-28-person260"> John Michael
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person260" type="surname" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person260" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I belonged to the same place, and have known him many years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Michael. He has a very good character.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-28-person261"> Hans Saunders
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person261" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person261" type="given" value="Hans"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him seven years.</p>
<p>Q. What has been his behaviour?</p>
<p>Saunders. He has behaved very well. I failed along with him one summer; I was a schoolboy with him, I never heard any thing amiss of him in my life.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160032"/>
<persName id="t17610116-28-person262"> Frederick Christian
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person262" type="surname" value="Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person262" type="given" value="Frederick"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-28-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him some years; he bears a good character, that of a sober industrious young man.</p>
<rs id="t17610116-28-verdict156" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-28-verdict156" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17610116-29">
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<interp inst="t17610116-29" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<p>66. (M.)
<persName id="t17610116-29-defend264" type="defendantName"> Nicholas Campbell
<interp inst="t17610116-29-defend264" type="surname" value="Campbell"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-defend264" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-defend264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17610116-29-off157" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17610116-29-off157" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-off157" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously, falsely making, forging and counterfeiting, and causing and procuring, and willingly acting and assisting, in making a certain promissory note, for the payment of 1350 l. with the name
<persName id="t17610116-29-victim266" type="victimName"> Joseph Pearson
<interp inst="t17610116-29-victim266" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-victim266" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-victim266" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-29-off157 t17610116-29-victim266"/> </persName> thereunto subscribed; purporting to be signed by the said Joseph,
<rs id="t17610116-29-cd158" type="crimeDate">January 19, 1758</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17610116-29-off157 t17610116-29-cd158"/>; and for publishing the same, well knowing it to have been forged, with intent to defraud the said Joseph </rs>, &c.*</p>
<p>Benjamin Leicester. I went with Mr. Pearson, the prosecutor, to Wilderness walk in Chelsea, to see a little house that was to be sold by auction. I gave him my opinion of it.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Leicester. I think it was sometime in June last; we viewed the house, and talked about Campbell all the way we went, and he seemed to be utterly unacquainted with him.</p>
<p>Q. When was the house put up by auction?</p>
<p>Leicester. I believe it was the 28th of June, I cannot be certain.</p>
<p>Q. Who was auctioneer?</p>
<p>Leicester. Mr. Gibson was. I went there along with Mr. Pearson and Mr. Den, we were in the room some time before Mr. Campbell came.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Pearson bid at this auction?</p>
<p>Leicester. No; he did not; I did by his direction.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Den bid?</p>
<p>Leicester. I believe he did not.</p>
<p>Q. Was Mr. Campbell, near Mr. Pearson, in the room?</p>
<p>Leicester. No; they were at some distance, Mr. Campbell came into the room almost by him, I did not see him take notice of him, as if he knew him, not the least in the world; and indeed I believe they were strangers to each other.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Do you believe they did not know one another?</p>
<p>Leicester. I do not believe they knew one another.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-29-person267"> Ann Gascayne
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person267" type="surname" value="Gascayne"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person267" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person267" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a relation to Mr. Pearson, I have lived with him as house-keeper, this five or six years.</p>
<p>Q. Have you been conversant in his transactions in money affairs?</p>
<p>Gascayne. I always was privy to his either borrowing or lending.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Campbell?</p>
<p>Gascayne. The first time. I ever saw him, he came to the George, about the fourth or fifth of September last, to borrow 20 l. of Mr. Pearson.</p>
<p>Q. Can you take upon to say you never saw him before the fourth or fifth of September last.</p>
<p>Gascayne. I can.</p>
<p>Q. Is Mr.
<persName id="t17610116-29-person268"> Pearson
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person268" type="given" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a man of worth?</p>
<p>Gascayne. He is; Mr. Campbell had borrowed 40 l. of him before.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Gascayne. Mr. Pearson told me so.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see Campbell write?</p>
<p>Gascayne. No; but I saw the note for the other money.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Is Mr.
<persName id="t17610116-29-person269"> Pearson
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person269" type="given" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> a man of credit and circumstance, able to answer such a sum as 1350 l.</p>
<p>Gascayne. He is.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of Mr. Campbell's circumstances.</p>
<p>Gascayne. I know nothing of that.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-29-person270"> John Norman
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person270" type="surname" value="Norman"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person270" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am waiter at Bridge-street-coffee-house, in Bridge-street.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar;</p>
<p>Norman. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Pearson?</p>
<p>Norman. I have seen him two or three times, I know him very well.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember at any time, and when, Mr. Pearson and the prisoner at the bar being at Bridge-street-coffee-house?</p>
<p>Norman. As near as I can recollect, it was on the 12th or 13th of last December.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you remember the time?</p>
<p>Norman. The reason I remember it is, I had a letter from out of the country, and Mr. Campbell sent me out for some paper, and I brought some paper to answer his purpose and mine too; the first I brought, he did not like, it was not fine enough; then he sent me out for some thin paper.</p>
<p>*** The Last Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.</p>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="t17610116-29">
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<interp inst="t17610116-29" type="year" value="1761"/>
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<interp inst="t17610116-29" type="date" value="17610116"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160033"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY OF LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Friday the 16th, Saturday the 17th, and Monday the 19th of January.</p>
<p>In the first Year of His MAJESTY's Reign. Being the Second SESSION in the MAYORALTY of The Right Hobble Sir
<persName id="t17610116-29-person271"> Matthew Blakiston
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person271" type="surname" value="Blakiston"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person271" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER II. PART III. for the YEAR 1761.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J. SCOTT, at the Black-Swan, in Pater-noster Row.</p>
<p>M. DCC. LXI.</p>
<p>[Price FOUR-PENCE.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160034"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commission of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>Q. WAS Mr. Pearson with him then?</p>
<p>Norman. He was.</p>
<p>Q. Were any body else there?</p>
<p>Norman. There was another gentleman in the room, but I don't know who he was.</p>
<p>Q. When you brought the paper, what did you do with it?</p>
<p>Norman. I laid it on the table, Mr. Pearson was on one side of the table, and Mr. Campbell on the other; there might be twelve or fourteen guineas laying on the table: after that I went to the bar, and when I came back again there was a note wrote.</p>
<p>Q. Who wrote it?</p>
<p>Norman. I think the prisoner wrote it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see t he pen in Mr. Pearson's hand?</p>
<p>Norman. No, I did not: when I came there that time I heard Mr. Campbell reading, I heard him mention the sum of seventy-four pounds odd, I cannot say the sum.</p>
<p>Q. Who was the note delivered to?</p>
<p>Norman. Mr. Campbell read it, and laid it down to Mr. Pearson; Mr. Pearson was telling money on the table, as if it was for Mr. Campbell.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you think so?</p>
<p>Norman. I think it was by the reading of the note.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see Mr. Pearson take the note up?</p>
<p>Norman. No.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was Mr. Pearson telling the money as receiving it or paying it?</p>
<p>Norman. I thought by his laying it down he was paying it.</p>
<p>Q. Who was that other gentleman that was present?</p>
<p>Norman. I cannot say, I do not remember who he was; I think he was a stranger.</p>
<p>Q. Was he there before they came in, or after?</p>
<p>Norman. He was there before they came in.</p>
<p>Q. Was he at the same table with them?</p>
<p>Norman. No, he was not; he was no part of their company.</p>
<p>Q. Whereabouts in the room were they?</p>
<p>Nelson. They were sitting just by the fire.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-29-person272"> Thomas Reynolds
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person272" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person272" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know Mr. Campbell, I went to meet him at the Mitre and Dove, he sent to me to come there.</p>
<p>Q. When was that?</p>
<p>Sir. T. Reynolds. It was on the 13th of December last; there was a person with him that I did not know then.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know him now?</p>
<p>Sir T. Reynolds. Yes, it was Mr. Pearson: I staid there about a quarter of an hour, we went out all three together, I went to the right-hand, and they at a distance to the left; they had some discourse which I thought I had nothing to do
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160035"/> with. As soon as they had ended their discourse Mr. Campbell came up to me, and said he owed that gentleman a sum of money.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect the sum?</p>
<p>Sir. T. Reynolds. To the best of my remembrance it was about 70 l.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Campbell's circumstances?</p>
<p>Sir T. Reynolds. No, I do not.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known him?</p>
<p>Sir. T. Reynolds. I have known him about two years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Sir T. Reynolds. I never knew any thing to his discredit, I thought him a man of a fair character.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-29-person273"> William Ray
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person273" type="surname" value="Ray"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person273" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know Mr. Campbell by sight.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Pearson?</p>
<p>Ray. I do by sight.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember seeing them together any where?</p>
<p>Ray. I saw them together at the Mitre and and Dove in King-street, Westminster.</p>
<p>Q. When was that?</p>
<p>Ray. As near as I can remember it was the 16th of December; they were there before I went in. I went to dine there, they were talking about some money-affairs.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember what sum?</p>
<p>Ray. As to any sum I cannot tell. I apprehended Mr. Campbell, by his talk, might be indebted to Mr. Pearson. Mr. Pearson desired he would give him some writings, some title deeds of some estate that he had near Chelsea; which Mr. Campbell refused: but he proposed to sell him the house. They could not agree about that: then Mr. Campbell proposed one to take one man, and the other another, and set a moderate price upon it. Mr. Pearson said, If we cannot agree about that affair, will you appoint any day when you will pay me the money? and I will not insist upon taking any interest. The sum I never heard mentioned.</p>
<persName id="t17610116-29-person274"> Jane Doe
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person274" type="surname" value="Doe"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person274" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17610116-29-person274" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at the Red Lion in Bow street, by Westminster-market.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Pearson?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Campbell?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see them together, and when?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I remember I see them both together, and that was the first time, but I cannot tell exactly when. I believe it was about the sixteenth of December.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the week?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I think it was on a Monday. They came in together, and called for some rum and water: they desired me to get a sheet of paper.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them desired that?</p>
<p>J. Doe. One of them, I don't know which: I got the rum and water, and came with it.</p>
<p>Q. What room were they in?</p>
<p>J. Doe. They were in a little back room on the ground floor.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body else in the room?</p>
<p>J. Doe. No-body but themselves. I got them paper, and pen, and ink: they desired a bit of bread and cheese, I got it them, and by this time Mr. Campbell had wrote several notes, and Mr. Pearson did not like them.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>J. Doe. Because I saw them on the table, and I saw Mr. Campbell writing them before I left the room, and I came into the room afterwards, I attended on them several times; he had wrote one sheet out, and Mr. Pearson did not like any of them, and desired I would get another sheet of paper.</p>
<p>Q. What reason did Mr. Pearson give that he did not like the notes?</p>
<p>J. Doe. He said Mr. Campbell did not spell it right.</p>
<p>Q. Did you get another sheet?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I did, and brought it into the room.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you stay?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I did not stay many minutes. Then Mr. Campbell said to Mr. Pearson, Do you write the note. He wrote something I know for Mr. Campbell to sign. I think Mr. Pearson went into the yard, and when he came in again, Mr. Campbell gave him the note, and Mr. Pearson did not like it. I was called to, to get a pot of beer, and as I was coming up stairs, I heard a great noise. Mr. Pearson called out for a constable, I went into the room, and took the bowl off the table, fearing it should be broke. There were some papers then burning in the fire, that had been flung in, what the contents were I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. At this time did you hear Mr. Pearson accuse Mr. Campbell?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I heard Mr. Pearson say he had lent him so much money, but how much I cannot tell; and Mr. Campbell called Mr. Pearson several names, he called him usuring dog, and said he did not owe it him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear Mr. Pearson say how much he owed him?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="176101160036"/>J. Doe. No; the last words I heard Mr. Pearson say was 7 l. Mr. Campbell called him usuring dog, and said he had had two pounds for the use of it. Mr. Pearson said he had lent Campbell seven pounds last, to make the money up seventy-two or seventy-four pounds, I cannot tell which.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect whether there was any complaint made about burning a note?</p>
<p>J. Doe. Yes, by Mr. Pearson; he said the rogue had burnt his note, and called for a constable. Mr. Campbell said Mr. Pearson had used him ill, and if he had his sword he would run him thro' for his detaining him.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Pearson mention those words, to make up seventy-two or seventy-four pounds.</p>
<p>J. Doe. I heard the words to make up, and I heard him speak of seventy-two or seventy-four pounds; but Mr. Low can remember better than I, he came to my assistance when the gentleman called out for a constable.</p>
<p>Q. At that time did Mr Campbell pretend that Pearson owed him any money?</p>
<p>J. Doe. Yes, Campbell said the rogue had borrowed money of me, and Mr. Pearson said he never borrowed a farthing of him in his life.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What sum did Mr. Campbell tell Mr. Pearson he had borrowed of him?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not hear a great sum mentioned?</p>
<p>J. Doe. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Counsel. No sum above seventy-four pounds?</p>
<p>J. Doe. No.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect what it was that was said about seventy-four pounds?</p>
<p>J. Doe. There was such a noise between them that I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Counsel. You say Mr. Pearson said seventy-two or seventy-four pounds.</p>
<p>J. Doe. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear the words mentioned, to make up seventy-two or seventy-four pounds, or did you conclude that within yourself?</p>
<p>J. Doe. I concluded that within myself.</p>
<p>Q. Whether there was any mention made of a sum of money to make up seventy-two pounds, or whether the sum seventy-two pounds was mentioned?</p>
<p>J. Doe. Seventy-two, or seventy-four, or seventy something, was mentioned by Mr. Pearson, but I cannot tell in what manner.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell what the seven pounds were mentioned about?</p>
<p>J. Doe. No. I heard both Mr. Campbell and Mr. Pearson mention seven pounds.</p>
<p>Q. Are you able to recollect what was mentioned by Mr. Pearson about seventy-two or seventy-four pounds.</p>
<p>J. Doe. No; all I can recollect was the um.</p>
<p>Counsel. You say there were several notes wrote by Mr. Campbell.</