<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 5th, Thursday the 6th, and Friday the 7th, of APRIL.
<p>In the Thirty-first Year of his MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER IV. for the YEAR 1758. Being the Fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of THE RIGHT HONOURABLE Sir
<persName id="f17580405-1-person1"> CHARLES ASGILL
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person1" type="surname" value="ASGILL"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person1" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe, in Pater-noster Row, 1758.</p>
<p>[Price Four-pence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17580405-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> CHARLES ASGILL
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person2" type="surname" value="ASGILL"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person2" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London, the Right Honourable Lord MANSFIELD, Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench*; Mr. Justice CLIVE, one of the Justices of the Court of Common Pleas +; the Honourable Mr.
<persName id="f17580405-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Baron Legge
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person3" type="surname" value="Legge"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person3" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the Barons of the Exchequer ||; Sir
<persName id="f17580405-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM MORETON
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person4" type="surname" value="MORETON"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Recorder ++; and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.</p>
<p>N. B. The characters * + || ++ directed to the Judge by whom the prisoner was tried; also (L.) and (M.) by what Jury.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person5" type="jurorName"> William Clark
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person5" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person5" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person6" type="jurorName"> John Blake
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person6" type="surname" value="Blake"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person6" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Thomas Carrington
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person7" type="surname" value="Carrington"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person7" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person8" type="jurorName"> William Walker
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person8" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person8" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person9" type="jurorName"> William Bolter
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person9" type="surname" value="Bolter"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person9" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Isaac Walker
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person10" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person10" type="given" value="Isaac"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Richard Hurls
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person11" type="surname" value="Hurls"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person11" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Richard Brewer
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person12" type="surname" value="Brewer"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person12" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Jones
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person13" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person14" type="jurorName"> John Allen
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person14" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person14" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Langdon
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person15" type="surname" value="Langdon"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person16" type="jurorName"> John Sharp
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person16" type="surname" value="Sharp"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person16" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person17" type="jurorName"> William Frith
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person17" type="surname" value="Frith"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person17" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Richard Harris
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person18" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person18" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Joshua Lassels
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person19" type="surname" value="Lassels"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person19" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person20" type="jurorName"> George Hart
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person20" type="surname" value="Hart"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person20" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person21" type="jurorName"> David Fisher
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<interp inst="f17580405-1-person21" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Patrick Leteral
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person22" type="surname" value="Leteral"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person22" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person23" type="jurorName"> James Faulkner
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person23" type="surname" value="Faulkner"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person23" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person24" type="jurorName"> David Steward
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person24" type="surname" value="Steward"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person24" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person25" type="jurorName"> Robert Nesbit
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person25" type="surname" value="Nesbit"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person25" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Sherman
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person26" type="surname" value="Sherman"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person27" type="jurorName"> William Rose
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person27" type="surname" value="Rose"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person27" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> *,</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person28" type="jurorName"> George Snowball
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person28" type="surname" value="Snowball"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person28" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> served part of the time instead of William Rose.</p>
<persName id="f17580405-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Thomas Howard
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person29" type="surname" value="Howard"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person29" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17580405-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>158. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-1-defend31" type="defendantName"> Henry Goddey
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<interp inst="t17580405-1-defend31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-1-defend31 t17580405-1-deflabel1"/>, was indicted, for
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<persName id="t17580405-1-victim33" type="victimName"> John Underwood
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<rs id="t17580405-1-viclabel3" type="occupation">the elder</rs>
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<persName id="t17580405-1-victim35" type="victimName"> John Underwood
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-1-victim35 t17580405-1-viclabel4"/>, 6 dozen of stone waistcoat buttons, by false pretences, with intent to cheat </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17580405-1-cd5" type="crimeDate">March 15</rs>
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<interp inst="t17580405-1-verdict6" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded Guilty </rs>.</p>
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>159. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-2-defend37" type="defendantName"> George Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-2-defend37" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-defend37" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-defend37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17580405-2-off8" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-off8" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing ten silver spoons, value 50 s. four silver salts value 20 s. one silver pepper-box, value 5 s. one silver cream-pot, value 5 s. one silver boat, value 2 s. one silver punch-ladle, value 5 s. and two silver mugs, value 40 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17580405-2-victim39" type="victimName"> Deborah Weaver
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<interp inst="t17580405-2-victim39" type="given" value="Deborah"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-2-off8 t17580405-2-victim39"/> </persName> , widow, in her dwelling-house </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-2-cd9" type="crimeDate">February 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-2-off8 t17580405-2-cd9"/>. ++.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person40"> Anne Peirce
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person40" type="surname" value="Peirce"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person40" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person40" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mrs.
<persName id="t17580405-2-person41"> Deborah Weaver
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person41" type="surname" value="Weaver"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person41" type="given" value="Deborah"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person41" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; she carries on the business of a
<rs id="t17580405-2-viclabel10" type="occupation">taylor</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-2-victim39 t17580405-2-viclabel10"/>, the prisoner worked
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-2-defend37 t17580405-2-deflabel11"/> with her for about ten days before this happened; the plate mentioned in the indictment, (mentioning each by name) was in my mistress's house on the 24th of Feb. and on the 25th it was missing. I was sent for to Mr. Fielding's on the Monday following, there I saw most of the plate, and swore to it as my mistress's property.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner there and hear his examination ?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person42"> Anne Peirce
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person42" type="surname" value="Peirce"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person42" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person42" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . He was examined the day he was taken, which was the 25th, but I was not there then.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person43"> John Fosset
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person43" type="surname" value="Fosset"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a peruke-maker, and lodge in Mrs. Weaver's house; I had seen the plate on the 23d in its place, but cannot particularize them, but saw plate in general. The family went to bed about eleven o'clock at night, and about three in the morning, on the 24th, the watchman rang at the door; the maid asked at the window what was the matter? he said our door was open.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050003"/>Q. Where does Mrs. Weaver live?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person44"> John Fosset
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person44" type="surname" value="Fosset"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person44" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . She lives in
<placeName id="t17580405-2-crimeloc12">White-hart-court, Grace-church-street</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-2-off8 t17580405-2-crimeloc12"/>; the foreman got up, and took the watchman up stairs into the dining-room, there we missed the plate out of the beaufet. We applied to Justice Fielding, and told him what was missing, for him to advertise it. The next day being Saturday, Mr. Fielding sent a letter to Mrs. Weaver. About two or three in the afternoon we went there, and saw the prisoner and most of the plate. Mrs. Weaver being a quaker, would not swear. I swore to what I knew. (The plate, all but the punch-ladle and spoons, were produced in court.) This two handled mug, or rather cup, I know to be her property, having drank out of it often, here is S. W. upon it, which I have seen before.</p>
<p>Q. to
<persName id="t17580405-2-person45"> Anne Peirce
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person45" type="surname" value="Peirce"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person45" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person45" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Do you know any of this plate?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person46"> Anne Peirce
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person46" type="surname" value="Peirce"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person46" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person46" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . They are all my mistress's property; I know them all by the marks, they were all produced before the justice, I swore them there to be my mistress's property.</p>
<p>Q. to Fosset. Did you hear the prisoner examined?</p>
<p>Fosset. I did, the plate was produced, and he was charged with stealing it. he said that he had concealed himself in the cellar over night, and he did take the plate away. The spoons were there produced, and he owned likewise he took them.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person47"> Thomas Chesson
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person47" type="surname" value="Chesson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person47" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 24th of February I bought three table spoons of a person, I cannot take upon me to say it was the prisoner at the bar, being at that time in a hurry, I gave him five shillings and four-pence an ounce for them; produced in court, and deposed to by
<persName id="t17580405-2-person48"> Anne Peirce
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person48" type="surname" value="Peirce"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person48" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person48" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person49"> James Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person49" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person49" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a silver-smith's shop in Fleet-street; I bought three silver spoons of (I believe) the prisoner at the bar, one of them has been filed and mixed with others, so that I cannot tell which it is, ( producing two, deposed to by
<persName id="t17580405-2-person50"> Anne Peirce
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person50" type="surname" value="Peirce"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person50" type="given" value="Anne"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person50" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ) one of these not having the hall mark on it diminished, the marks of them being both bought together, for which I gave 5 s. and 3 d. an ounce.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-2-person51"> Peter Capreal
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person51" type="surname" value="Capreal"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person51" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-person51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a silver-smith's shop, on the 24th of February, very near five o'clock in the afternoon, the prisoner came to my shop, and said he wanted to buy a stock-buckle, I shewed him a second hand one, he bought it, after that he pulled out a pair of silver buckles, which he said he had bought of my man that morning, and he wanted another pair to make a present to his brother, a life-guard-man; I said I had not such another pair, but would make him such; then he took out his handkerchief, and laid it on my counter, with some plate in it, he said his grandmother left it him, his sister, and brother, dividing it, and desired I would weigh it separate, as he had put them in three parcels. I suspected he did not come honestly by it, so I stopped it, and went to justice Fielding for his advice, he shewed me the advertisement he had put in the paper, and sent two men with me, and we went and took the prisoner in Aldersgate-street, where he told me he lodged; we took him before the justice, and there he owned he hid himself in his mistress's house all night, and took the things away in the morning; this is the plate here produced, all but the spoons that he brought and offered to me to sell.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I never was in a court of justice in my life, nor before a justice till I was before justice Fielding. I leave it to the mercy of the court.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-2-verdict13" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-2-verdict13" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-2-verdict13" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Guilty
<rs id="t17580405-2-punish14" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-2-punish14" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-2-defend37 t17580405-2-punish14"/> Death </rs>. Recommended </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-3">
<interp inst="t17580405-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-3-off15-c47" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-3-defend53 t17580405-3-off15 t17580405-3-verdict17"/>
<p>160. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-3-defend53" type="defendantName"> John Greaghan
<interp inst="t17580405-3-defend53" type="surname" value="Greaghan"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-defend53" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-defend53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-3-off15" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-3-off15" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-off15" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> riping thirty pounds weight of lead, value 3 s. the property of
<persName id="t17580405-3-victim55" type="victimName"> John Devale
<interp inst="t17580405-3-victim55" type="surname" value="Devale"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-victim55" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-victim55" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-3-off15 t17580405-3-victim55"/> </persName> , belonging to a certain building, with an intent to steal it, </rs>
<rs id="t17580405-3-cd16" type="crimeDate">March 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-3-off15 t17580405-3-cd16"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-3-person56"> Thomas Truelove
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person56" type="surname" value="Truelove"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person56" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17580405-3-person57"> Thomas Holloway
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person57" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person57" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , two watchmen deposed, that they stopped the prisoner on Palm-sunday, about four o'clock in the morning, with lead on his shoulder, produced in court.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-3-person58"> Matthew Jenkinson
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person58" type="surname" value="Jenkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person58" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-3-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed, he saw the lead fitted to a building in Scotland-yard, belonging to Mr. Devale, and the nails and nail holes fitted exactly, where some had been taken away, that it weighed forty seven pounds, and he believed it to be his property.</p>
<p>The prisoner in his defence said, a man bargained to give him three-pence to carry it for him from Whitehall to Covent-garden.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-3-verdict17" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-3-verdict17" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-3-punish18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-3-punish18" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-3-defend53 t17580405-3-punish18"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-4">
<interp inst="t17580405-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-4-off19-c52" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-4-defend60 t17580405-4-off19 t17580405-4-verdict23"/>
<p>161. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-4-defend60" type="defendantName"> William Bloomer
<interp inst="t17580405-4-defend60" type="surname" value="Bloomer"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-defend60" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-defend60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-4-off19" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-4-off19" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-off19" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two linnen shirts, value 2 s. two linnen shirts, value 2 s. one pair of silver sleeve buttons set with stones, value 2 s. three pair of cotton stockings, value 3 s. and 25 s. in money, numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17580405-4-victim62" type="victimName"> George Davis
<interp inst="t17580405-4-victim62" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-victim62" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-victim62" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-4-off19 t17580405-4-victim62"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-4-cd20" type="crimeDate">March 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-4-off19 t17580405-4-cd20"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person63"> George Davis
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person63" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person63" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17580405-4-viclabel21" type="occupation">I keep the Star and Garter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-4-victim62 t17580405-4-viclabel21"/>, a publick-house in
<placeName id="t17580405-4-crimeloc22">the Strand</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-crimeloc22" type="placeName" value="the Strand"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-crimeloc22" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-4-off19 t17580405-4-crimeloc22"/>, the things mentioned were missing on the 2d of March out of a drawer; the prisoner was a customer of mine, he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050004"/> came that night and said he was locked out of his lodgings, and desired I would let him lie in my house, I let him and his friend, a young man. They lay in the room where the drawers were; the young man got up about eight, and the prisoner came down about ten. I missed the things between ten and eleven, we suspected the prisoner, I took him up, and told him I was robbed of five crown pieces, and the other things; he seem'd to lay it very hard upon the other young man. I went with him to seek for the young man, and found him in the prisoner's lodgings, they both lodged together, the prisoner opened a drawer of his, and took some things out, and after that a shift of my wife's was found in his bed, which since he owned he took out there, and put into the bed. He owned in the prison before me, that he took the three pair of cotton stockings, and had made away with them, that they might not appeared an evidence against him. He owned he had had the five crown pieces, and he had changed them, and that I could not have three of them again, for he had changed them to different people. I have two again, which I gave 10 s. for to two people that said they had changed them for him. They are not here.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say where he took these things?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person64"> George Davis
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person64" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person64" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person64" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . No, he did not, he only said he had taken them.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person65"> John Davis
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person65" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person65" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I heard the prisoner confess the 26th of March, in New-prison (he knowing that Mr. Davis had got two of them again ) he said them two he might keep, the other three were changed to people going abroad.</p>
<p>Mrs. Davis. I am wife to the prosecutor, I saw my shift at justice St. Lawrence's, they said it was found in the prisoner's bed, but that I only know by hearsay. I had these crown pieces in my left-hand the night before they were missing, and I put them in the drawer and locked it, and found it locked next morning, when the things were gone.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I am innocent of the fact.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person66"> James Hanpkin
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person66" type="surname" value="Hanpkin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person66" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner ever since he was a child, he is a very honest man, he was born in a place called Dublin in Ireland.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person67"> James Hanpkin
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person67" type="surname" value="Hanpkin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person67" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a taylor, he is a cabinet-maker.</p>
<p>Q. How long has he been in London?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person68"> James Hanpkin
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person68" type="surname" value="Hanpkin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person68" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . It is about three months since he came to me, and then he said he had been here about a month.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-4-person69"> Alexander Mackdowel
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person69" type="surname" value="Mackdowel"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person69" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-4-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I cannot say I have known him above six or eight weeks; his character was very good, as far as ever I heard.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-4-verdict23" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-4-verdict23" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-4-punish24" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-4-punish24" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-4-defend60 t17580405-4-punish24"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-5-off26-c61" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-5-defend71 t17580405-5-off26 t17580405-5-verdict29"/>
<p>162. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-5-defend71" type="defendantName"> Jane Hudson
<interp inst="t17580405-5-defend71" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5-defend71" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5-defend71" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-5-deflabel25" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-5-defend71 t17580405-5-deflabel25"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-5-off26" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-5-off26" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5-off26" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three linnen shifts, value 3 s. three linnen caps, value 9 d. one silk handkerchief, value 12 d. one linnen gown, value 6 d. one silver buckle, value 5 s. and one leather belt, value 12 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-5-victim73" type="victimName"> William Parker
<interp inst="t17580405-5-victim73" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5-victim73" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-5-victim73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-5-off26 t17580405-5-victim73"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-5-cd27" type="crimeDate">March 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-5-off26 t17580405-5-cd27"/>.*</p>
<p>William Parker. The prisoner had been my
<rs id="t17580405-5-deflabel28" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-5-defend71 t17580405-5-deflabel28"/>: after she was discharged, the goods mentioned were missing, we suspected her, and took her up, she confessed she had taken an opportunity and came in and took the things away, and she went with the constable and me to the places where she had carried them where we found them.</p>
<p>Thomas Pinks, the constable, produced the goods, and confirmed the prosecutor's evidence as to the prisoner's confession.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-5-verdict29" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-5-verdict29" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-5-punish30" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-5-punish30" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-5-defend71 t17580405-5-punish30"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-6-off31-c63" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-6-defend75 t17580405-6-off31 t17580405-6-verdict33"/>
<p>163. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-6-defend75" type="defendantName"> Robert Davis
<interp inst="t17580405-6-defend75" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-defend75" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-defend75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-6-off31" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-6-off31" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-off31" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing four bushels of coals, value 4 s. </rs> the property of persons unknown,
<rs id="t17580405-6-cd32" type="crimeDate">March 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-6-off31 t17580405-6-cd32"/>. ||.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-6-person76"> Robert Wilson
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person76" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person76" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 5th of last month between five and six in the morning, the prisoner came to my house at Blackwall with some coals in a skiff, I thought he did not come honestly by them, so stopped them and him. There were about four bushels of them.</p>
<p>Q. What is your employment?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-6-person77"> Robert Wilson
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person77" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person77" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a publick-house, and am a blacksmith, he came to offer to sell them to me, I took him before justice Bury, there he confessed he stole the coals, he made it voluntary, it was taken in writing, and signed by the prisoner, ( it was read) wherein it appeared he stole a boat at the Horse-ferry, Westminster, and went and took the said coals out of two lighters lying on the river.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-6-person78"> John Price
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person78" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person78" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-6-person78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was sent for to justice Bury, my name being upon the skulls. He ask'd me if the skiff was mine that the coals were in; I said it was. There I heard the prisoner confess and sign this confession that has been now read.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>These coals were given me by a man for assisting him with a lighter.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-6-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-6-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-6-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-6-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-6-defend75 t17580405-6-punish34"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-7">
<interp inst="t17580405-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-7-off35-c67" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-7-defend80 t17580405-7-off35 t17580405-7-verdict39"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050005"/>164. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-7-defend80" type="defendantName"> John Briggs
<interp inst="t17580405-7-defend80" type="surname" value="Briggs"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-defend80" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-defend80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-7-off35" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-7-off35" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-off35" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one linnen sheet, value 12 d. one iron pot, value 12 d. one pair of bellows, value 6 d. one flat iron, value 2d. and one wooden pail, value 6 d. the goods of
<persName id="t17580405-7-victim82" type="victimName"> John Hyde
<interp inst="t17580405-7-victim82" type="surname" value="Hyde"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-victim82" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-victim82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-7-off35 t17580405-7-victim82"/> </persName> , the same being in a certain lodging room let by contract </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17580405-7-cd36" type="crimeDate">March 7</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-7-off35 t17580405-7-cd36"/>. ||.</p>
<p>The prosecutor
<rs id="t17580405-7-viclabel37" type="occupation">keeps
<placeName id="t17580405-7-crimeloc38">the Crown and Sceptre in Drury-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="the Crown and Sceptre in Drury-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-7-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-7-off35 t17580405-7-crimeloc38"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-7-victim82 t17580405-7-viclabel37"/>; the prisoner took a lodging of him with the goods in them; after which he deserted it, the goods mentioned were missing out of the room, the prisoner was taken up, and confessed where he had taken and pledged the goods at three several pawnbrokers, and by his directions they were found. The three pawnbrokers appeared with the goods, deposed to by the prosecutor.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-7-verdict39" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-7-verdict39" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-8-off40-c69" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-8-defend83 t17580405-8-off40 t17580405-8-verdict44"/>
<p>165. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-8-defend83" type="defendantName"> Eliot Singor
<interp inst="t17580405-8-defend83" type="surname" value="Singor"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-defend83" type="given" value="Eliot"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-defend83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-8-off40" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-8-off40" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-off40" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linnen sheet, value 5 s. and two linnen table cloths, value 15 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-8-victim85" type="victimName"> John Sidgesman
<interp inst="t17580405-8-victim85" type="surname" value="Sidgesman"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-victim85" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-victim85" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-8-off40 t17580405-8-victim85"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17580405-8-viclabel41" type="occupation">Tanner</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-8-victim85 t17580405-8-viclabel41"/>,
<rs id="t17580405-8-cd42" type="crimeDate">March 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-8-off40 t17580405-8-cd42"/>. ++.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-8-person86"> Margaret Tanner
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person86" type="surname" value="Tanner"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person86" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person86" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17580405-8-crimeloc43">the Tower</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-crimeloc43" type="placeName" value="the Tower"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-crimeloc43" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-8-off40 t17580405-8-crimeloc43"/>, between the 18th and 21st of March I lost two table cloths and a sheet.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see them again ?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-8-person87"> Margaret Tanner
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person87" type="surname" value="Tanner"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person87" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person87" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have one sheet here, which I know to be one of them, ( producing it) the other witnesses will give a farther account.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-8-person88"> Elizabeth Partridge
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person88" type="surname" value="Partridge"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person88" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person88" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband is a soldier, so is the prisoner, I was going on Monday was 7-night to carry his supper in the Tower. I saw the prisoner; he said he wanted me to carry out a sheet to sell or pawn; it was wet, and he desired me to dry it, and gave it me (this is it here produced.) I took it to my own room, I live in Blue-anchor-yard. I went to the Tower next morning to inquire if any body had lost a sheet, and after that to the serjeant-major, and told him of it, and said I should keep it till I heard of an owner for it. The serjeant-major found out the owner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-8-person89"> Samuel Mott
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person89" type="surname" value="Mott"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person89" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Wednesday the 22d of March,
<persName id="t17580405-8-person90"> Elizabeth Partridge
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person90" type="surname" value="Partridge"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person90" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-8-person90" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to me, and told me that the prisoner had given her a sheet to sell or pawn, and she thought it not his own, so thought it her duty to acquaint me with it. I went to the prisoner, and told him I heard he had some linnen to sell, he denied it, then I said I could produce a sheet he had given a woman to pawn; then he acknowledged he had given it her to pawn. I asked him how he came by it. first he said his wife had brought it to the Tower to dry, being turned out of her lodgings. I sent a serjeant for his wife, and examined her before her husband's face; she declared she had not a sheet in the world, and had never seen it before then. I put him in prison, and by inquiring, found Mrs. Tanner had lost a sheet.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Tanner. Had you seen the prisoner in your house?</p>
<p>Mrs. Tanner. I never did to my knowledge; my linnen was hanging up in the garret in my own house to dry, and it was very easy to get in at the window, which we have secured since.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>Going to do my exercise on Monday between ten and eleven o'clock, there was a dog that belongs to the drill corporal, that is apt to fetch and carry; somebody threw a stone behind a piece of timber in the tower, the dog ran after it, and made a barking, having something that he could not bring away, so I went to see what it was, and found a sheet lying there, which I took and put under my coat, and brought it away.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-8-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-8-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-8-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-8-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-8-defend83 t17580405-8-punish45"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-9">
<interp inst="t17580405-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-9-off47-c76" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-defend92 t17580405-9-off47 t17580405-9-verdict51"/>
<p>166. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-9-defend92" type="defendantName"> Mary Dunning
<interp inst="t17580405-9-defend92" type="surname" value="Dunning"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-defend92" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-defend92" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17580405-9-deflabel46" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-defend92 t17580405-9-deflabel46"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-9-off47" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-9-off47" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pair of worsted stockings, value 18 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-9-victim94" type="victimName"> Thomas Lowling
<interp inst="t17580405-9-victim94" type="surname" value="Lowling"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-victim94" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-victim94" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-off47 t17580405-9-victim94"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-9-cd48" type="crimeDate">March 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-off47 t17580405-9-cd48"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17580405-9-person95"> Thomas Lowling
<interp inst="t17580405-9-person95" type="surname" value="Lowling"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-person95" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17580405-9-viclabel49" type="occupation">I keep a hosier's-shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-victim94 t17580405-9-viclabel49"/>, at the corner of
<placeName id="t17580405-9-crimeloc50">Crown-court, Soho</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-crimeloc50" type="placeName" value="Crown-court, Soho"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-crimeloc50" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-off47 t17580405-9-crimeloc50"/>; the prisoner came to my shop the 28th of March, and asked to see a pair of blue stockings, with white clocks; I shew'd her some, and took notice how many pair there were; then she asked me to shew her a pair of white stockings with pink clocks; I said I had none such; then she wanted to see a pair of scarlet with green clocks. I turned myself about, and was going to shew her a pair, but said I had none such; she said then I need not open any more, and was going out. I looked at the stockings I had opened, and missed a pair, and went and stopped her just as she went out at the door, and found this pair in her apron (producing a pair) they are my property.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I am very innocent of the affair.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-9-person96"> Sarah Davis
<interp inst="t17580405-9-person96" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-person96" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-9-person96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner lived servant with
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050006"/> me almost a year and a half; I lately turned her away, I do not know that ever she wronged me.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-9-verdict51" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-9-verdict51" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-9-punish52" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-9-punish52" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-9-defend92 t17580405-9-punish52"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-10">
<interp inst="t17580405-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-10-off54-c80" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-10-defend98 t17580405-10-off54 t17580405-10-verdict57"/>
<p>167. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-10-defend98" type="defendantName"> Judith Conner
<interp inst="t17580405-10-defend98" type="surname" value="Conner"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-defend98" type="given" value="Judith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-defend98" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-10-deflabel53" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-10-defend98 t17580405-10-deflabel53"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-10-off54" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-10-off54" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-off54" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing one silver> watch, value 3 l. the property of
<persName id="t17580405-10-victim100" type="victimName"> Samuel Abot
<interp inst="t17580405-10-victim100" type="surname" value="Abot"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-victim100" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-victim100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-10-off54 t17580405-10-victim100"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-10-cd55" type="crimeDate">Feb. 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-10-off54 t17580405-10-cd55"/>.*</p>
<p>Samuel Abot. I met the woman at the bar in
<placeName id="t17580405-10-crimeloc56">Monmouth-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-crimeloc56" type="placeName" value="Monmouth-street"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-crimeloc56" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-10-off54 t17580405-10-crimeloc56"/>; she asked me to give her something to drink. I went with her to the sign of the Black-horse; there she desired me to go out of the house with her, I did, and after that she desired me to go in again, and she would follow me. She did not come in, then I felt, and missed my watch; I ran out and inquired which way she was gone, and I found her with the watch.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-10-person101"> Robert Gaidal
<interp inst="t17580405-10-person101" type="surname" value="Gaidal"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-person101" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-10-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman, this man came to me and inquired after a woman, and described her, by which description I knew it to be the prisoner. I went with him, and found her in a house in King-street. I took her out, then the man of the house came and called after me, and said here is the watch, I'll have nothing to do with it, and put it in my right-hand, saying he had it of the prisoner. I asked the prosecutor to describe the watch which he had lost. He did, and it appeared to be the same.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I was going to a day's work, I met this man, and an honest woman with him, as I took her to be. They asked me if there was any body up, where they could get some purl. I went with them into a house, they had two pots of purl. I came out again, and he came out and wanted to use me very rudely. I got from him, and hid myself in a gate-way, and he ran by me, and after he was gone by I picked up this watch, and I gave it to Mr. Barnet, at the same house where I was, to see whether it was advertised or not.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-10-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-10-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-11">
<interp inst="t17580405-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-11-off58-c83" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-11-defend103 t17580405-11-off58 t17580405-11-verdict61"/>
<p>168. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-11-defend103" type="defendantName"> Mary Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-11-defend103" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-defend103" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-defend103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-11-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-11-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two silver tea spoons, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-11-victim105" type="victimName"> Thomas Bull
<interp inst="t17580405-11-victim105" type="surname" value="Bull"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-victim105" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-victim105" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-11-off58 t17580405-11-victim105"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-11-cd59" type="crimeDate">March 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-11-off58 t17580405-11-cd59"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580405-11-person106"> Mary Bull
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person106" type="surname" value="Bull"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person106" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to
<persName id="t17580405-11-person107"> Thomas Bull
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person107" type="surname" value="Bull"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person107" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; on the third of March the woman at the bar came to my house and went up-stairs. I thought she wanted to speak to my lodger. She came down again, I saw her turn into Mark-lane.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-11-person108"> Mary Bull
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person108" type="surname" value="Bull"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person108" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person108" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at the corner of
<placeName id="t17580405-11-crimeloc60">Mark-lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-crimeloc60" type="placeName" value="Mark-lane"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-crimeloc60" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-11-off58 t17580405-11-crimeloc60"/>; I ran up to my lodger to know if she had been there, and found she had not; then I ran and overtook the prisoner at the end of Crutched-fryars. I asked her what she had in her apron, she said nothing belonging to me; I desired her to come back again, that I might see whether she had got any thing or not. I took her back, and put her into my house before me. In two or three minutes time some body came and said the woman had dropt a handkerchief, and produced one, out of which I saw two tea-spoons drop, (producing them) they are my property; the prisoner owned the handkerchief to be her own.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-11-person109"> Elizabeth Murry
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person109" type="surname" value="Murry"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person109" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-11-person109" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw Mrs. Bull stop the prisoner, and bring her back up Mark-lane. I did not see the handkerchief fall, but I saw it lying on the ground by the prisoner in the street, near Mrs. Bull's door. I took it up, and the two spoons dropt out of it.</p>
<p>Eutycus Edge. I am constable, I heard the prisoner at the bar say give me the handkerchief, or give me my handkerchief, I know not which.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in her defence, but called Esther Hall, who deposed she had known her half a year or better, and had never seen or heard a misbehaved action by her.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-11-verdict61" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-11-verdict61" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-12">
<interp inst="t17580405-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-12-off62-c89" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-12-defend111 t17580405-12-off62 t17580405-12-verdict64"/>
<p>169. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-12-defend111" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Aspinal
<interp inst="t17580405-12-defend111" type="surname" value="Aspinal"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-defend111" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-defend111" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-12-off62" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-12-off62" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-off62" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver tankard, value 5 l. </rs> the property of a person unknown,
<rs id="t17580405-12-cd63" type="crimeDate">Feb. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-12-off62 t17580405-12-cd63"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-12-person112"> John Julian
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person112" type="surname" value="Julian"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person112" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a silver-smith, and live in the parish of Hanwell, at New Brentford in Middlesex. On the 15th of February last the prisoner came to my shop in man's apparel with this hatchet in her hand, (producing one) and asked me if I bought old silver, and pulled out some pieces of a tankard; the appearance of which gave me some suspicion that she had stole it. I asked her several questions, how she came by it, and the like. She said her father died and left it her. She produced the whole of a silver tankard in pieces. I asked her when her father died, she said about half a year ago, and she was persuaded to cut it to pieces, that she might bring it more safely to London, so she cut it to pieces on the stump of a tree. Upon asking her many questions, I found by her voice she was a woman. I charged her with being a woman, and called in women to search her. I took and opened her coat before, and saw a pair of stays. I asked her
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050007"/> name, and her father's name. She said her father's name was Pretherew. The constable came, and she was secured, and proved to be a woman.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-12-person113"> Thomas Pretherew
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person113" type="surname" value="Pretherew"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person113" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Bristol; I lost a silver Tankard, but do not know who took it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-12-person114"> Thomas Pretherew
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person114" type="surname" value="Pretherew"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person114" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . No, I do not.</p>
<p>Q. Have you looked over all these pieces of silver ?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-12-person115"> Thomas Pretherew
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person115" type="surname" value="Pretherew"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person115" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have. I can't swear it ever was mine.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-12-person116"> John Long
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person116" type="surname" value="Long"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person116" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-12-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am constable; I had the prisoner in custody, and carried her before a justice at Hounslow, and she was committed, so I brought her to Newgate. She said she was born in Gloucestershire, and that she was bringing it to London to sell it, and was advised to cut it in pieces, that she might bring it the more secret to London, that she might not be robbed of it.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-12-verdict64" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-12-verdict64" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580405-13" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-13-off66-c95" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-13-defend118 t17580405-13-off66 t17580405-13-verdict69"/>
<p>170. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-13-defend118" type="defendantName"> Mary Wilson
<interp inst="t17580405-13-defend118" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-defend118" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-defend118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-13-deflabel65" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-13-defend118 t17580405-13-deflabel65"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-13-off66" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-13-off66" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-off66" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing one metal watch, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-13-victim120" type="victimName"> Edward Goodall
<interp inst="t17580405-13-victim120" type="surname" value="Goodall"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-victim120" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-victim120" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-13-off66 t17580405-13-victim120"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-13-cd67" type="crimeDate">March 6</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-13-off66 t17580405-13-cd67"/>.*</p>
<p>Edward Goodall. Coming home through
<placeName id="t17580405-13-crimeloc68">Kenister-alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="Kenister-alley"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-13-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-13-off66 t17580405-13-crimeloc68"/>, about eight o'clock in the evening, on the 6th of March, I met a man and the woman at the bar: the man seemed to be drunk, and ran against me, and in the mean time the woman took my watch out of my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner before?</p>
<p>Goodall. No, I never saw her before, but am certain she was the woman.</p>
<p>Q. Did you get your watch again?</p>
<p>Goodall. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen it last?</p>
<p>Goodall. I had seen it a quarter of an hour before.</p>
<p>Q. How can you say she took it.</p>
<p>Goodall. She owned it before justice Cox, and said she had left it under a stair-hole amongst some dust. We went there to look for it, but could not find it. Here is my handkerchief that we found upon her at the searching of her, which I lost at the same time, that was taken out of my coat pocket; the watch was in my fob.</p>
<p>Q. When did you take her up?</p>
<p>Goodall. I took her up immediately, and when we searched her, the handkerchief was found in her bosom.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I was searched directly. I never saw the man nor the watch.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-13-verdict69" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-13-verdict69" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-14">
<interp inst="t17580405-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-14-off71-c97" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-14-defend122 t17580405-14-off71 t17580405-14-verdict73"/>
<p>170. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-14-defend122" type="defendantName"> Mary Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-14-defend122" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-defend122" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-defend122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-14-deflabel70" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-14-defend122 t17580405-14-deflabel70"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-14-off71" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-14-off71" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-off71" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linnen sheet, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-14-victim123" type="victimName"> Frances Divine
<interp inst="t17580405-14-victim123" type="surname" value="Divine"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-victim123" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-victim123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-14-off71 t17580405-14-victim123"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-14-cd72" type="crimeDate">Feb. 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-14-off71 t17580405-14-cd72"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17580405-14-person124"> Frances Divine
<interp inst="t17580405-14-person124" type="surname" value="Divine"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-person124" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-14-person124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner came and desired me to let her have a lodging, which I did, she lay in my house one night; the next morning she took a sheet from the bed; I saw her with it, and charged her with taking it; she would not come back, but went away with it, and I never saw her till I took her up, to-morrow will be a fortnight.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>This woman is great with my husband, and keeps him from me, and she could have no claw against me, so she has laid this sheet to my charge. It is all spight.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-14-verdict73" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-14-verdict73" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-15">
<interp inst="t17580405-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-15-off74-c100" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-15-defend126 t17580405-15-off74 t17580405-15-verdict78"/>
<p>171. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-15-defend126" type="defendantName"> Thomas Woodey
<interp inst="t17580405-15-defend126" type="surname" value="Woodey"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-defend126" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-defend126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-15-off74" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-15-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing four instruments of steel, with ivory handles, called steels, value 8 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-15-victim128" type="victimName"> Henry Bennet
<interp inst="t17580405-15-victim128" type="surname" value="Bennet"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-victim128" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-victim128" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-15-off74 t17580405-15-victim128"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-15-cd75" type="crimeDate">March 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-15-off74 t17580405-15-cd75"/>. ||</p>
<persName id="t17580405-15-person129"> Henry Bennet
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person129" type="surname" value="Bennet"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person129" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live upon the paved-stones in
<placeName id="t17580405-15-crimeloc76">West Smithfield</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-crimeloc76" type="placeName" value="West Smithfield"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-crimeloc76" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-15-off74 t17580405-15-crimeloc76"/>, and
<rs id="t17580405-15-viclabel77" type="occupation">keep a cutler's-shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-15-victim128 t17580405-15-viclabel77"/>; the 24th of March last, between the hours of seven and eight at night, my sash was lifted up, and out of the shop I lost four steels; they were all brought to me again: he brought one to have the swivel put on the end of it; they had all swivels on them when in my shop.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-15-person130"> Samuel Martin
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person130" type="surname" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person130" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Turnmill-street, the prisoner asked me if I would buy a steel, saying he had picked up one. The swivel was off. I bought one of him for six-pence and a pot of beer. I heard afterwards that the prosecutor had lost such, and I went and carried it him.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a butcher?</p>
<p>Martin. No, but my father deals in tar and greace for waggons and carts, and trades in dog-horses towards making it up.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-15-person131"> John Griffith
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person131" type="surname" value="Griffith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person131" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner offered a steel to me to sell; I gave him a shilling for it, at the Red-cow in Turnmill-street; he said he found it in Smithfield. It had never a swivel to it. I went to Mr. Bennet to have one put on, and he said it was stole from him.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-15-person132"> Christian Nicholson
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person132" type="surname" value="Nicholson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person132" type="given" value="Christian"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-15-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner lodged with me, in Turnmill-street, Clerkenwell, he came in a Friday about a quarter after eight at night, with a steel in his hand, all over muddy, and said he had found it in Smithfield; there was no swivel
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050008"/> on it; he offered it me for six-pence, he left it for three half-pence for his lodging, as I would not buy it. The Monday following I was told the prisoner was gone to Newgate for stealing a steel. I found out the prosecutor, and carried it to him; his wife asked me if I knew of any more. The Friday following, we have a little hog, he had ruttled some old rags out of a hole, and amongst it another steel; the hog had done his occasion on it; I took and wiped it, and carried it to the prosecutor.</p>
<p>( The four steels produced in court, each deposed to the respective steels they gave evidence about; all four deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>As I was going home, a man gave me these four steels.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-15-verdict78" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-15-verdict78" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-15-punish79" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-15-punish79" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-15-defend126 t17580405-15-punish79"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-16">
<interp inst="t17580405-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-16-off81-c106" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-16-defend133 t17580405-16-off81 t17580405-16-verdict83"/>
<p>172. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-16-defend133" type="defendantName"> Mary Rustin
<interp inst="t17580405-16-defend133" type="surname" value="Rustin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-defend133" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-defend133" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-16-deflabel80" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-16-defend133 t17580405-16-deflabel80"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-16-off81" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-16-off81" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-off81" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing one cotton handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-16-victim135" type="victimName"> James Bennell
<interp inst="t17580405-16-victim135" type="surname" value="Bennell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-victim135" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-victim135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-16-off81 t17580405-16-victim135"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-16-cd82" type="crimeDate">March 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-16-off81 t17580405-16-cd82"/>. +.</p>
<p>The prosecutor being a foreigner, an interpreter was sworn.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-16-person136"> James Bennell
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person136" type="surname" value="Bennell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person136" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in Cheapside on Easter-Monday, about four o'clock, my handkerchief was taken out of my pocket, but I did not perceive it to go.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen it since?</p>
<p>Bennell. I have. ( It is produced by the constable.) This is my handkerchief, the same I then lost.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-16-person137"> Mary Bethan
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person137" type="surname" value="Bethan"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person137" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner was brought in at my brother's, the Half-moon, in Cheapside, on Easter-Monday about four o'clock in the afternoon, on suspicion of picking gentlemen's pockets. There were three handkerchiefs found upon her; the prosecutor was there, and he owned one of them. It was marked J. B. and to the best of my knowledge No. 18. (She looks at the handkerchief produced.) This is the same.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-16-person138"> Mary Arnold
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person138" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person138" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person138" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at Mr. Martindale's, the Half-moon tavern in Cheapside; the prisoner was brought in there on Easter-Monday, about four o'clock in the afternoon. When I went into a room to her, she gave me two handkerchiefs, and I took another from under her bonnet. The prosecutor was there, and he owned one of them, which she gave me.</p>
<p>Mr. Groves. I was going along Cheapside, and the prisoner at the bar had almost got my handkerchief out of my pocket. I took her by the arm, and charged her with having a design to take it. While I was talking to her, the prosecutor came up and said he had lost his handkerchief. Then I took her into the Half-moon tavern; she desired to be searched by women, and it was soon found.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I was coming from Wood street counter; my husband is there; this gentleman laid hold of my hand, and said good woman, what are you doing, my handkerchief is almost out of my pocket; then he went almost as far as the Half-moon tavern, and met this other gentleman, and said to him, have you lost a handkerchief, this woman has been at my pocket; the man said his was lost, then said the other she has got it. I never saw that handk erchief till I was in at the tavern. The maid said she would be even with me (I don't know for what) and, I really think the gentleman gave her that handkerchief on purpose to charge me with it.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-16-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-16-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>See her tried by the name of
<persName id="t17580405-16-person139"> Mary Dean
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person139" type="surname" value="Dean"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person139" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person139" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise Mary, wife of
<persName id="t17580405-16-person140"> Richard Rusty
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person140" type="surname" value="Rusty"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person140" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-16-person140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for a burglary, No. 134, in last paper.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-16-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-16-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-16-defend133 t17580405-16-punish84"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-17-off85-c113" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-17-defend142 t17580405-17-off85 t17580405-17-verdict86"/>
<persName id="t17580405-17-defend142" type="defendantName"> George Babb
<interp inst="t17580405-17-defend142" type="surname" value="Babb"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-defend142" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-defend142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-17-off85" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-17-off85" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-off85" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two pound, and one half pound weight of bell-mettle, value 17 d. thirty two pound weight of lead, value 4 s. and six pound weight of iron, value 9 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-17-victim144" type="victimName"> John Dodson
<interp inst="t17580405-17-victim144" type="surname" value="Dodson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-victim144" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-victim144" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-17-off85 t17580405-17-victim144"/> </persName> ; to which he
<rs id="t17580405-17-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-17-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-verdict86" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-17-punish87" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-17-punish87" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-17-punish87" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-17-defend142 t17580405-17-punish87"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-18-off88-c115" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-18-defend146 t17580405-18-off88 t17580405-18-verdict92"/>
<p>174. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-18-defend146" type="defendantName"> John Morein
<interp inst="t17580405-18-defend146" type="surname" value="Morein"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-defend146" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-defend146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-18-off88" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-18-off88" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-off88" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing five iron hoops, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-18-victim148" type="victimName"> John Chase
<interp inst="t17580405-18-victim148" type="surname" value="Chase"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-victim148" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-victim148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17580405-18-victim150" type="victimName"> John Cox
<interp inst="t17580405-18-victim150" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-victim150" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-victim150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-18-viclabel89" type="occupation">Esqrs</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-18-victim148 t17580405-18-viclabel89"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-18-victim150 t17580405-18-viclabel89"/>;
<rs id="t17580405-18-cd90" type="crimeDate">March 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-18-off88 t17580405-18-cd90"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-18-person151"> John Nicol
<interp inst="t17580405-18-person151" type="surname" value="Nicol"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-person151" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-18-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am clerk to mess. Chase and Cox, brewers; the prisoner was employed occasionally as a
<rs id="t17580405-18-deflabel91" type="occupation">porter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-18-defend146 t17580405-18-deflabel91"/> there. On the 17th of March, about seven in the evening, Mr. Cox was talking to him, I went to them, Mr. Cox said he has robbed the yard; see what he has got. I pulled by his great coat, and took from under it five iron butt hoops; (produced in court) they are the property of my masters; and I am certain he took them from 2 parcel that lay in the yard. I took him before the justice, there he acknowledged he took them.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-18-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-18-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-18-punish93" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-18-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-18-defend146 t17580405-18-punish93"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580405-19" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-19-off94-c119" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-19-defend153 t17580405-19-off94 t17580405-19-verdict97"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050009"/>175. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-19-defend153" type="defendantName"> Charles Mead
<interp inst="t17580405-19-defend153" type="surname" value="Mead"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-defend153" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-defend153" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-19-off94" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-19-off94" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-off94" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty-four pounds wt. of iron, value 3 s. and twelve pounds wt. of lead, value 18d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-19-victim155" type="victimName"> Peter Poe
<interp inst="t17580405-19-victim155" type="surname" value="Poe"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-victim155" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-victim155" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-19-off94 t17580405-19-victim155"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-19-cd95" type="crimeDate">Feb. 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-19-off94 t17580405-19-cd95"/>.*</p>
<p>John Duncomb. On the 22d of February, between 3 and 4 o'clock, the prisoner and I went to Mr. Poe's house: the prisoner is a
<rs id="t17580405-19-deflabel96" type="occupation">bricklayer's labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-19-defend153 t17580405-19-deflabel96"/>, and was at work upon the premises; there was a floor-cloth to be named up in the brewhouse; he was doing it; at which time he took some iron, and a piece of a leaden pipe, and went and hid it near the New-River, and in the evening we went and fetched it away, and sold it to
<persName id="t17580405-19-person156"> Robert Thralkill
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person156" type="surname" value="Thralkill"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person156" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; there were twenty-four pounds weight of iron, and twelve pounds of lead; we had three farthings per pound for the iron, and eighteen pence for the lead; it came to half a crown in the whole.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-19-person157"> William Watts
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person157" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person157" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had country lodgings at Mr. Poe's at Islington; there came a journeyman carpenter one morning, and said he had seen the prisoner and Duncomb over night, with a jack going into Old-street; he suspected they had stole it; two or three days after, Duncomb came into the house; Mr. Poe sent for a constable, and took him before justice Welch; he confessed before we went there, and also before the justice, that he and the prisoner had stole that, and what he is now charged with, from out of Mr. Poe's premises, and had sold them to Thralkill. I went to Thralkill and asked him about it; he owned he had bought several things of Duncomb.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing against Mead of your own knowledge?</p>
<p>Watts. No; nothing but what Duncomb said.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-19-person158"> Charles White
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person158" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person158" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was with the prisoner before justice Welch, and heard him there acknowledge he stole the things mentioned in the indictment, and sold them to Thralkill for the same money the evidence has mentioned.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-19-person159"> Peter Poe
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person159" type="surname" value="Poe"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person159" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-19-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I heard the prisoner acknowledge he stole the iron and lead, mentioned in the indictment, in company with Duncomb.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in his defence.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-19-verdict97" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-19-verdict97" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>[There was another indictment against him, for stealing the jack; but being cast upon this, he was not tried for that.]</p>
<rs id="t17580405-19-punish98" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-19-punish98" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-19-defend153 t17580405-19-punish98"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-20">
<interp inst="t17580405-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-20-off99-c125" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-20-defend161 t17580405-20-off99 t17580405-20-verdict101"/>
<p>176. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-20-defend161" type="defendantName"> Robert Thralkill
<interp inst="t17580405-20-defend161" type="surname" value="Thralkill"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-defend161" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-defend161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-20-off99" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-20-off99" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-off99" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the said goods, so stolen by
<persName id="t17580405-20-person162"> Charles Mead
<interp inst="t17580405-20-person162" type="surname" value="Mead"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-person162" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-20-cd100" type="crimeDate">Feb. 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-20-off99 t17580405-20-cd100"/>. +</p>
<p>Mr. Ford produced and read the minutes of the court of the trial and conviction of Charles Mead.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-20-person163"> John Duncomb
<interp inst="t17580405-20-person163" type="surname" value="Duncomb"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-person163" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-20-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Mr. Watts deposed as before.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-20-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-20-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-21">
<interp inst="t17580405-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-21-off103-c128" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-21-defend164 t17580405-21-off103 t17580405-21-verdict106"/>
<p>177. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-21-defend164" type="defendantName"> Margaret Cameron
<interp inst="t17580405-21-defend164" type="surname" value="Cameron"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-defend164" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-defend164" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-21-deflabel102" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-21-defend164 t17580405-21-deflabel102"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-21-off103" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-21-off103" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-off103" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing fifteen yards of stuff. called Scotch plaid, value 20 s. and one duffil cloak, value 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17580405-21-victim166" type="victimName"> Alexander Mackenzey
<interp inst="t17580405-21-victim166" type="surname" value="Mackenzey"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-victim166" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-victim166" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-21-off103 t17580405-21-victim166"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-21-cd104" type="crimeDate">March 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-21-off103 t17580405-21-cd104"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580405-21-person167"> Margaret Mackenzey
<interp inst="t17580405-21-person167" type="surname" value="Mackenzey"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-person167" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-person167" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband's name is Alexander. The prisoner was out of place; I let her lie along with me.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Mackenzey. I live at the upper end of the
<placeName id="t17580405-21-crimeloc105">Hay market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-crimeloc105" type="placeName" value="Hay market"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-21-crimeloc105" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-21-off103 t17580405-21-crimeloc105"/>; am a lodger; on Friday last the prisoner went out betwixt 8 and 9 o'clock for some snuff, and did not return. In about ten minutes after that, I missed a parcel of stuff, called Scotch plaid, about 13 yards of it, and a duffil cloak out of the room.</p>
<p>Q. Where is your husband?</p>
<p>Mackenzey. He is gone to the East-Indies. I went to justice Fielding, and got her and the things advertised; and on the Saturday after a pawnbroker came to me with the plaid. (Produced in court and deposed to.) This is the cloak that I have now on.</p>
<p>Q. How came you by that again?</p>
<p>Mackenzey. The prisoner had it on when taken.</p>
<p>Mr. Barnewell. I am a pawnbroker: the prisoner at the bar brought this plaid to me on the 31st of March, about noon; I lent her a guinea and a half upon it; after that it was advertized; then I found the prisoner, and took her up and carried her before justice Fielding. She had the cloak on.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I did not take them away with a design to steal them only to raise a little money, and then to fetch them again when I could.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-21-verdict106" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-21-verdict106" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-21-punish107" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-21-punish107" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-21-defend164 t17580405-21-punish107"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-22">
<interp inst="t17580405-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-22-off109-c131" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-22-defend169 t17580405-22-off109 t17580405-22-verdict112"/>
<p>178. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-22-defend169" type="defendantName"> Sarah Clark
<interp inst="t17580405-22-defend169" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22-defend169" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22-defend169" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-22-deflabel108" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-22-defend169 t17580405-22-deflabel108"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-22-off109" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-22-off109" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22-off109" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> that she in a certain open place, called Black-bear alley, near the king's highway, on
<persName id="t17580405-22-victim170" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t17580405-22-victim170" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-22-off109 t17580405-22-victim170"/> </persName> did make an assault putting him in corporal fear, and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one silver watch, value 3 l. his property </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-22-cd110" type="crimeDate">Mar. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-22-off109 t17580405-22-cd110"/>. ||</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050010"/>Gustavas Forsholm. I was coming from
<placeName id="t17580405-22-crimeloc111">Bond-street, along Piccadilly</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-22-crimeloc111" type="placeName" value="Bond-street, along Piccadilly"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-22-crimeloc111" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-22-off109 t17580405-22-crimeloc111"/>, on the 15th of March, betwixt twelve and one at night; going through an alley the woman at the bar came and asked me to give her a pint of beer; I said I had no money about me. She slipped her hand to my pocket, and took out my watch, and ran away with it.</p>
<p>Q. Was that all the conversation you had with her ?</p>
<p>Forsholm. I had no more conversation with her; she ran away into another alley, and I lost sight of her.</p>
<p>Q. Had she any weapon in her hand?</p>
<p>Forsholm. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was you put in fear?</p>
<p>Forsholm. I was afraid somebody else might be thereabouts; so I went to the Lion in Piccadilly, and staid there till morning.</p>
<p>Q. Did she demand your Watch or any thing besides of you?</p>
<p>Forsholm. No, she did not; but took it slily away.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-22-verdict112" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-22-verdict112" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-23">
<interp inst="t17580405-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-23-off113-c133" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-23-defend172 t17580405-23-off113 t17580405-23-verdict114"/>
<p>179. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-23-defend172" type="defendantName"> Edward Merriot
<interp inst="t17580405-23-defend172" type="surname" value="Merriot"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-defend172" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-defend172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-23-off113" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-23-off113" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-off113" type="offenceSubcategory" value="returnFromTransportation"/> that he, at Hickes's Hall, on Tuesday the 1st of June, in the 29th year of his present majesty, was according to due course of law tried for that he, on the 1st of May, in the said year, one diaper napkin, value 10 d. the goods of
<persName id="t17580405-23-person173"> John Reed
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person173" type="surname" value="Reed"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person173" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did steal, take, and carry away. That he was convicted for that offence, and ordered to be transported for the term of seven years; and that he was seen at large in this kingdom, before the expiration of that time </rs>, &c. ||</p>
<persName id="t17580405-23-person174"> William Bonous
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person174" type="surname" value="Bonous"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person174" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced a copy of the record of the trial and conviction of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Is this a true copy?</p>
<p>Bonous. It is. I examined it along with the clerk of the peace.</p>
<p>[It is read in court, the purport of which is mentioned in the indictment.]</p>
<persName id="t17580405-23-person175"> James Cooper
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person175" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person175" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I took the prisoner at the bar at a house near Mr. Fielding's.</p>
<p>Q. What had he done?</p>
<p>Cooper. I saw him commit a robbery, and detected him myself before he got off the premises in May 1756.</p>
<p>Q. What did you see him doing?</p>
<p>Cooper. I saw him break a kitchen window in Arundel-street in the Strand, with a stick, in with a hook to the end of it, he pulled out some linen, but I have forgot what it was.</p>
<p>Q. Was you at his trial?</p>
<p>Cooper. I was: he was tried at Hickes's-hall; as I took him I was bound over to prosecute; and was the principal evidence against him; he was convicted for it.</p>
<p>Q. How long is this ago?</p>
<p>Cooper. It will be two years ago the beginning of next May.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear sentence past upon him.</p>
<p>Cooper. I did; he was ordered to be transported for seven years.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I am not the man; my name is
<persName id="t17580405-23-person176"> Thomas Rice
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person176" type="surname" value="Rice"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person176" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17580405-23-person177"> James Emms
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person177" type="surname" value="Emms"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person177" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-23-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was committed to New Prison; next May will be two years, and tried at Hickes's-Hall, and cast for transportation.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Emms. I am one of the turnkeys of New-Prison.</p>
<p>Q. What was he committed for?</p>
<p>Emms. He was committed on suspicion of breaking a house; and as soon as he saw me, he ran and hid himself, because he knew that I knew him.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Emms. This was about a fortnight ago.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him any where lately at large?</p>
<p>Emms. No, I have not.</p>
<p>As no evidence was given of his being seen at large since his being transported, he was
<rs id="t17580405-23-verdict114" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-23-verdict114" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-24">
<interp inst="t17580405-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580405-24" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-24-off115-c139" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-24-defend179 t17580405-24-off115 t17580405-24-verdict117"/>
<p>180. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-24-defend179" type="defendantName"> John Evans
<interp inst="t17580405-24-defend179" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-defend179" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-defend179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-24-off115" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-24-off115" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-off115" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver pepper-box, value 5 s. and one silver salt-seller, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-24-victim181" type="victimName"> William Stevens
<interp inst="t17580405-24-victim181" type="surname" value="Stevens"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-victim181" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-victim181" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-24-off115 t17580405-24-victim181"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-24-cd116" type="crimeDate">March 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-24-off115 t17580405-24-cd116"/>.*</p>
<p>Elizabeth Stevens. My husband's name is
<persName id="t17580405-24-person182"> William Stevens
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person182" type="surname" value="Stevens"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person182" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner came to our house the 23d of March last, and my husband asked him to dine with us. After dinner I was obliged to go out of town about business, and left the pepper-box and salt in the place where they used to stand. The prisoner was in the house when I went out; when I returned, the pepper-box and salt-seller were missing; we suspected the prisoner, and went after him to Thisleworth, and they were found there at the Rose and Crown. I can say no farther than that they are my property.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person183"> James Arnold
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person183" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person183" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at work for the prisoner's wife that afternoon; I went to a publick-house to
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050011"/> get a little drink, and stay'd there till eight o' clock; coming home by the prisoner's gates, we heard a great disturbance in the yard; we was asked to assist a person who was taking the prisoner to the Round-house. Going along the prisoner dropt this silver salt out of his pocket, and I took it up; (produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix) I gave it to a man, thinking the prisoner had robbed his wife, or some body of it. The next day, which was the 24th, I went to my labour as usual; when I came to his wife's house, she was gone, the house was shut up, and all business was stopt.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known the prisoner?</p>
<p>Arnold. I have known him two or three years.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you worked for him?</p>
<p>Arnold. Never before this time, and that not him; I worked for his wife; I looked upon her to be my pay-mistress.</p>
<p>Q. What business does she carry on?</p>
<p>Arnold. She carries on that of a butcher.</p>
<p>Q. Is not he capable of carrying on business?</p>
<p>Arnold. I don't know whether he is or no.</p>
<p>Q. Do you look upon him to be a man in his senses.</p>
<p>Arnold. I don't know that.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person184"> William Dell
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person184" type="surname" value="Dell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person184" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw the prisoner on the 24th of March, about four in the afternoon, pull this pepper-box out of his pocket. (Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person185"> William Ewer
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person185" type="surname" value="Ewer"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person185" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . That evening
<persName id="t17580405-24-person186"> James Arnold
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person186" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person186" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I were going home from our labour, we were desired to assist in taking the prisoner to the Cage; the prisoner dropt the salt; Arnold took it up, and gave it me, and desired me to take care of it till the morrow. I kept it till the afternoon the next day, when I heard Mrs. Stevens had lost a silver salt and pepper-box; I gave it to her, and she gave me a shilling to drink.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. Who was the prisoner disturbing?</p>
<p>Ewer. He was disturbing his wife, he wanted to get into the house, and she would not let him, and he had broke the windows.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think he was in his senses?</p>
<p>Ewer. I can't tell whether he was or not.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think he would have broke his windows if he was in his senses?</p>
<p>Ewer. He might be a little in liquor.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Stevens. What business is your husband?</p>
<p>Stevens. My husband is a butcher.</p>
<p>Q. Is your husband and the prisoner acquainted?</p>
<p>Stevens. They have been acquainted a great many years, and on that account he asked him to dine.</p>
<p>Q. Do you look upon him to be a man out of his senses.</p>
<p>Stevens. I look upon him to be a madman really, but I had no acquaintance with him.</p>
<p>Q. From what do you look upon him to be a madman?</p>
<p>Stevens. He does not now appear to be in his senses.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think you do right in prosecuting a mad man for a felony?</p>
<p>Stevens. I did not know him to be such before.</p>
<p>Q. to the prisoner. How long have you been acquainted with this woman's husband?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have been acquainted with him five or six years.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Prisoner. We are both butchers.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been married?</p>
<p>Prisoner. Almost ten years.</p>
<p>Q. Do you carry on business now?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have left off my business almost three years.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you live when you carried on business?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I kept a butcher's shop in Hungerford-market, but I have left it now.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live now?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I live at Thisleworth.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any children?</p>
<p>Prisoner. No, we have no children.</p>
<p>Q. By what means do you live now?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I carry on the gardening business. I purchased a bit of ground for that purpose, and that will maintain me.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Stevens. Upon whose evidence was he committed?</p>
<p>Stevens. It was on my evidence.</p>
<p>Q. Where is your husband?</p>
<p>Stevens. He is not here.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person187"> John Lewis
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person187" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person187" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the constable that had the prisoner in charge. I heard him own before the justice, that he took the pepper-box and salt from the prosecutor's house, and he would have signed his own confession, had not the justice told him it
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050012"/> would be evidence against him on his trial; then he begged to be excused.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear Mrs. Stevens charge him before the justice, and swear to the things?</p>
<p>Lewis. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say any thing about his being mad?</p>
<p>Lewis. No, she did not.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person188"> Charles Webster
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person188" type="surname" value="Webster"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person188" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about eight years; I always understood him to be a butcher, and that he bought the estate he lives in at Isleworth, at the purchase of four or five hundred pounds.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I gave four hundred and twenty pounds for it.</p>
<p>Webster. For these two or three years past, I have thought he was a madman in all his actions.</p>
<p>Q. I should be gled to know, during what period of time, he did any irational act?</p>
<p>No answer.</p>
<p>Q. Do you now swear that man is now out of his senses?</p>
<p>Webster. I don't see that in him now as I have seen in him before; I have thought him mad for this two years.</p>
<p>Q. Any particular sort of madness?</p>
<p>Webster. Wildness.</p>
<p>Q. Have you used to see him often?</p>
<p>Webster. I have seen him, may be, once in two or three months.</p>
<p>Q. For this two last years when you saw him, have you thought him mad?</p>
<p>Webster. No.</p>
<p>Q. Can you swear to any time you saw him mad ?</p>
<p>Webster. I think, more particular that morning he did this fact, he appeared very wild, and came to my house, was very troublesome, and would not take my answer.</p>
<p>Q. Can you mention any other time?</p>
<p>Webster. I have heard of his breaking his wife's windows, and disputes in the family, and from thence, I judged him very unhappy.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person189"> John Alleson
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person189" type="surname" value="Alleson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person189" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the Boar and Castle; his wife made complaint of him on the 25th of November, and put him into prison. I took him to my house till the 6th of January last. When he has dined at one o'clock, may be, by four, he has declared he has eat nothing for two or three days. He would catch up case knives and run after the servants. Sometimes I have lost my news-papers, once I found ten in his pockets; and sometimes I have found case knives in his pockets. There was a separation between his wife and him, and an agreement made; she was to allow him six shillings per week.</p>
<p>Q. Was any writing drawn up?</p>
<p>Alleson. There was; he has often said, while at my house, why did they lay him in that bed, he would lie in his own bed, and all this time he never lay out of his bed, he always lay in one bed; he would fly about, and behave very wild, and at other times he would sit down and cry for two or three hours together.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person190"> John Sprigins
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person190" type="surname" value="Sprigins"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person190" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . When the prisoner was at the Boar and Castle, I looked upon him to be out of his senses. Sometimes he would appear very sensible, and at other times quite out of the way.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person191"> William Walton
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person191" type="surname" value="Walton"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person191" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Watford, and have known the prisoner thirty years; I have observed a visible alteration in his behaviour; I bailed him out of New Prison.</p>
<p>Q. What was he put there for?</p>
<p>Walton. For assaulting his wife in November, he came out there before Christmas, and I carried him to the Boar and Castle; there he was very troublesome, and disturbed the customers, so that I was desired to take him away.</p>
<p>Q. Do you take him to be in or out of his senses?</p>
<p>Walton. I take him not to be in his senses. At that time they did not execute the writings, thinking him not capable to sign.</p>
<p>Q. Are they executed since?</p>
<p>Walton. They are.</p>
<p>Q. When were they executed?</p>
<p>Walton. I believe it to be about three weeks ago; he was bound to forfeit 200 l. if he ever went near her, and two or three days after he went and broke her windows.</p>
<p>Q. Are you related to him?</p>
<p>Walton. I am his brother-in-law. When I took him to the Boar and Castle, he would hallow out at the window at night, to know what o'clock it was. We have got him into bed, and in about an hour after he would be hallowing again. I believe he has not been in his senses this two or three years. He has been distressed for want of money, through the marriage settlement upon his wife two or three years ago.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-24-person192"> John Dagnall
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person192" type="surname" value="Dagnall"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person192" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-24-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a meal-man, and lived at Watford-mills. I have known the prisoner thirteen
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050013"/> or fourteen years, he has been out of his senses two or three years, he may answer questions well for two or three hours; yet I know he is mad now.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect any question he has answered in court, that discover him not to be in his senses? I suppose you, as well as the gentlemen of the jury, know for what reason they were asked him?</p>
<p>Dagnell. He has answered every question well.</p>
<p>Q. What do you found your opinion upon, that this moment he is mad?</p>
<p>Dagnell. I don't say now.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you say he is mad now?</p>
<p>Dagnell. He has been out of his senses two or three years, so he cannot be in them now.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Stevens. Did you dine with the prisoner at your house?</p>
<p>Mrs. Stevens. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did any thing pass there, that shewed him not in his senses?</p>
<p>Mrs. Stevens. There was nothing passed, only eating and away. I don't remember a word he said.</p>
<p>Q. How comes it that your husband is not here?</p>
<p>Mrs. Stevens. He cannot swear to the marks of the things, and his business prevented his coming.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-24-verdict117" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-24-verdict117" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-25">
<interp inst="t17580405-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-25-off118-c152" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-25-defend194 t17580405-25-off118 t17580405-25-verdict120"/>
<p>181. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-25-defend194" type="defendantName"> John Martendale
<interp inst="t17580405-25-defend194" type="surname" value="Martendale"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-defend194" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-defend194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-25-off118" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-25-off118" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one bill of exchange, value 24 l. 10 s. being then due and unpaid </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17580405-25-victim196" type="victimName"> Edward Jones
<interp inst="t17580405-25-victim196" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-victim196" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-victim196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-25-off118 t17580405-25-victim196"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-25-cd119" type="crimeDate">December 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-25-off118 t17580405-25-cd119"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person197"> Daniel Pain
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person197" type="surname" value="Pain"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person197" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Wrexham in Denbighshire. On the 14th of December last, I wrote to Mr. Greenwoller's, in York-street, Covent-Garden, in which letter I inclosed a bill of 24 l. 10 s. and another of 10 l.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this paper.</p>
<p>Pain. This is the very identical bill of 24 l. 10 s. I sealed the letter, but whether I or my servant carried it to the Post-Office, I am not certain; but this I am certain of, that I never send any to town with a bill in it, but that either I carry it to the office myself, or send him with it.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name?</p>
<p>Pain. His name his
<persName id="t17580405-25-person198"> Robert Lankford
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person198" type="surname" value="Lankford"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person198" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , he is my apprentice; I not hearing any thing of his receiving it, wrote a second letter to him, and acquainted him with the contents of that, and the two bills inclosed in it.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. Were all the indorsements on the bills when you inclosed it?</p>
<p>Pain. They were.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the name
<persName id="t17580405-25-person199"> Edward Jones
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person199" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person199" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was?</p>
<p>Pain. I am certain it was.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person200"> Robert Lankford
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person200" type="surname" value="Lankford"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person200" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am apprentice with Mr. Pain, at Wrexham in Denbighshire.</p>
<p>Q. Whose business is it to carry and put letters in the Post-Office, when your master sends any to London?</p>
<p>Lankford. It is either his business or mine: all are put in either by himself or me if bills are in them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you live with him in December last?</p>
<p>Lankford. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect putting a letter in the Post-Office in December last?</p>
<p>Lankford. I do not; but if my master did not put it in, it must be me.</p>
<p>Q. How often do you put letters in that office ?</p>
<p>Lankford. We generally put letters in every post.</p>
<p>Q. Suppose your master did then give you a letter to put in.</p>
<p>Lankford. Then I put it in; but as to this particular letter, I cannot say that I remember it.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person201"> Edward Jones
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person201" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person201" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . (He takes the bill in his hand.)</p>
<p>Q. Look on the back of that bill. Have you seen that before?</p>
<p>Jones. This is my name on the back of it.</p>
<p>Q. Is it your hand writing?</p>
<p>Jones. It is not. My son is here, he wrote it for me. My hand shakes so, that I cannot write.</p>
<p>Q. Was this bill ever paid?</p>
<p>Jones. No, it never was.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that it never was paid?</p>
<p>Jones. It never was paid me, and it is my property.</p>
<p>Pain. I remitted it as a friend to him, and when it was paid I was to give him the money.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person202"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person202" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person202" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . (He takes the bill in his hand.) This name
<persName id="t17580405-25-person203"> Edward Jones
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person203" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person203" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , my father's name, is my hand writing. I generally write for him, this I wrote at his desire.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050014"/>Q. to E. Jones. Do you in these cases give authority to your son to write your name?</p>
<p>E. Jones. I do, and I know this is his hand writing.</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. I keep the Post-Office at Wrexham in Denbighshire.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you kept it?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. About a year and a quarter.</p>
<p>Q. About the 14th of December, the letters that were put into the office, what care did you take of them ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. I take particular care of all letters put into my office.</p>
<p>Q. Can you say any thing as to this particular letter now in question ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. I remember there was a letter directed to Mr. Greenwollers's, at that time.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with those letters, at that time ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. I put them in the London bag, and sent them as usual.</p>
<p>Q. Did they go safe to town?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. There was no stay, or hindrance of it, as I heard of.</p>
<p>Q. Is it usual when you send up letters to put in a bill of them?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. It is, but we don't name the franks.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to remember this in particular ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. Mr. Pain came to my house a post or two afterwards, and told me he had sent a letter, at that time, which he had had no answer to.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember this letter from your own knowledge, or from his telling you there was such a one?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. His telling me gave me some uneasiness, and upon my recollecting, I remembered particularly there was such a letter in the office, directed to Mr. Greenwollers's.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person204"> Joshua Baker
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person204" type="surname" value="Baker"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person204" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I belong to the General Post-Office.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the Chester mail coming in about the middle of December last?</p>
<p>Baker. I never heard it was missing.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person205"> Thomas Ravenhead
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person205" type="surname" value="Ravenhead"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person205" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I belong to the Post-Office. I remember the Chester mail did come in on the 16th of December last, containing all the bags.</p>
<p>Q. Was Wrexham bag in that Chester bag?</p>
<p>Ravenhead. It was.</p>
<p>Q. Was the Chester bag in that mail?</p>
<p>Ravenhead. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Who opened the Chester bag?</p>
<p>Ravenhead. Mr. Baker did.</p>
<p>Q. What day does the Chester mail come out from thence to arrive here on the 16th?</p>
<p>Ravenhead. They are dispatched on the 14th from thence.</p>
<p>Q. What day is the bill of the Wrexham bag dated?</p>
<p>Ravenhead. That is dated the 14th.</p>
<p>Q. to Baker. Do you remember the Chester mail coming to your office on the 16th of December?</p>
<p>Baker. At this length of time I cannot tell, but if the post-master's bill was produced I could tell. (It is produced, he takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>Baker. These are undoubtedly my hand writing.</p>
<p>Q. What is the meaning of these Bills?</p>
<p>Baker. Mrs. Pyke has already declared, this is the account of what letters she sent that day. It appears what number there were, and when they came.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Pyke. Look on that paper, and give an account what it is?</p>
<p>Mrs. Pyke. This is the account of what letters came from Wrexham, on the 14th, my hand writing.</p>
<p>Baker. These were received on the 16th, here is my own writing, we sign our names to them; they are part printed, and filled up by the postmasters in the country; and on their arrival we sign our names to them. I certainly received these, or I could not have signed it.</p>
<p>Q. When the bag came in, was it sealed as usual?</p>
<p>Baker. To the best of my remembrance it was, we always look at those things then.</p>
<p>Mr. Potts. I am comptroller of the General Post Office.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner at the bar employed at the Post-Office, about the 16th of December last.</p>
<p>Potts. He was employed as letter carrier, at that time, about Bloomsbury-square, to carry out for a man that was sick.</p>
<p>Q. Had he any concern with the letters sent to York-street, Covent-Garden?</p>
<p>Potts. It appears this letter, now in question, was a frank letter. York-street is not in his walk, but it is in the same division; there are four of those letter carriers, and he used to be remarkably assiduous to fetch the frank letters; those
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050015"/> four men take the letters and sort them, and any one may have those frank letters in his custody.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Pain. Was the letter you sent in a frank?</p>
<p>Pain. It was a frank by Sir Lynch Cotton.</p>
<p>Potts. I apprehend, when the prisoner thought this was for his purpose, he put it in his pocket, as one of them; fetches the letters for the whole seat, into the letter carrier's office, if there are six or seven carriers. I only prove the general course of the office, to shew that this letter directed to York-street, might come into the hands of the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. When was the prisoner taken up?</p>
<p>Potts. He was taken up about a fortnight or three weeks after, and I was with him before justice Fielding; he was there charged with taking this letter. At first he told an odd story, and would not own any thing; Mr. Fielding said to me, as you are his principal officer, may be he will say something to you. I said to the prisoner, have you a mind to say any thing to me, he said, sir, I should be glad to speak with you alone. We went together into a closet; the moment we were in the room, he dropped down on his knees, and with a flood of tears, said he was guilty; for he took the bill out of the letter; I said, is any other letter carrier, in our office, concerned with you in it? he said no, sir, not any body, he had ruined and undone himself; for he, himself, took it out of the letter, and there was nobody but a gentleman's servant, that was out of place, that persuaded him to the commission of the fact. When we came out of the room he repeated the same he had done there.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you before the time of his confession tell him he should have mercy if he would tell the whole?</p>
<p>Baker. No; I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Nor did you make use of any threats in order thereto.</p>
<p>Baker. No; not in the least.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person206"> Charles Greenwollers
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person206" type="surname" value="Greenwollers"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person206" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have correspondence with Mr. Pain of Wrexham, in Denbighshire: I received a letter from him on the 30th of December last; the contents were that he had sent two bills in a letter.</p>
<p>Q. Where is that letter you received?</p>
<p>Greenwollers. That letter I have lost: I sent him a letter the post following, that no such letter came to hand. On the 6th of January I received another from him, with a copy of the bill for 24 l. 10 s. 2 d. I carried it to Mr. Tosier, in order to stop the payment; it being directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17580405-25-person207"> John Tosier
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person207" type="surname" value="Tosier"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person207" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Co.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person208"> Aaron Tosier
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person208" type="surname" value="Tosier"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person208" type="given" value="Aaron"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Greenwollers brought a copy of a draught to us; saying he had received advice of a draught being sent him from the country, that he had never received; and desired we would stop payment of it. We told him it had been brought to us, and we had accepted it. He said when it became due, he desired I would let him know; and about three weeks after that, it was brought to us by Mr. Griffith for payment, but I did not pay it; I am ready to pay it now.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person209"> Charles Griffith
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person209" type="surname" value="Griffith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person209" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a linen-draper's shop in Clare-market. Some time before Christmas, the prisoner came to my shop, and said he wanted a piece of cloth of about 2 s. per yard.</p>
<p>Q. Can you recollect the exact time.</p>
<p>Griffith. As near as I can recollect, it was about the 23d of December; I looked him out a piece, he bought it, and three yards of Muslin for Neck-cloths, and two pocket handkerchiefs. The bill came to 3 l. 6 s. 6 d. he shewed me a bill of exchange, accepted by
<persName id="t17580405-25-person210"> John Tosier
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person210" type="surname" value="Tosier"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person210" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Co.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this bill.</p>
<p>Griffith. This is the same bill. I said pray where does this gentleman live; he told me. It was for 24 l. 10 s. I gave him full change, and deducted the 3 l. 6 s. 6 d. for my goods. When the bill became due, I went to his house in Billiter-square, to receive the money, and Mr. Tosier told me the money was ordered to be stopped.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>When I was before justice Fielding, I saw Mr. Potts there, he said, Martendale, you have been guilty of a very bad thing I believe. I said I had not. He said I had better confess it; and if I would, he would recommend me to the postmaster-general.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Potts. Did you say to him as he has mentioned ?</p>
<p>Mr. Potts. No, I did not; all I said was, if there was any body belonging to the office guilty; with him, it might be of use to him to make a discovery. (The jury look at the bill, &c.)</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person211"> Michael Robertson
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person211" type="surname" value="Robertson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person211" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about thirteen years. I never heard any thing
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050016"/> amiss of him before this I believe he deserved a good character before this.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person212"> Charles Gray
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person212" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person212" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about a year and a quarter, I never heard but that he was a very honest man before this thing happened.</p>
<p>Mr. Darby. I believe I have known him ever since the year 1741; his behaviour has been extremely good in all the places he was in; I always looked upon him as an honest man before this.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person213"> Thomas Lamb
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person213" type="surname" value="Lamb"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person213" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about twelve years; he once lived with my father, and behaved very well then.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person214"> Joseph Fell
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person214" type="surname" value="Fell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person214" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about thirteen or fourteen years.</p>
<p>Q. What was his general character?</p>
<p>Fell. I know nothing but honesty by him.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-25-person215"> Robert Blaseley
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person215" type="surname" value="Blaseley"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person215" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-25-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about three years.</p>
<p>Q. What has been his behaviour?</p>
<p>Blaseley. He behaved very well: I always look'd upon him as an honest man.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-25-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-25-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-25-punish121" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-25-punish121" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-25-defend194 t17580405-25-punish121"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-26">
<interp inst="t17580405-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-26-off122-c173" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-26-defend217 t17580405-26-off122 t17580405-26-verdict125"/>
<p>182. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-26-defend217" type="defendantName"> Henry Strickland
<interp inst="t17580405-26-defend217" type="surname" value="Strickland"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-defend217" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-defend217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-26-off122" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-26-off122" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-off122" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing three linen shirts, val. 15 s. three pair of thread stockings, value 3 s. one pair of worsted stockings, two muslin neckcloths, one five guinea piece, eight guineas, and one thirty-six shilling piece, the goods and money of
<persName id="t17580405-26-victim219" type="victimName"> Caleb Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-26-victim219" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-victim219" type="given" value="Caleb"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-victim219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-26-off122 t17580405-26-victim219"/> </persName> , in the stable of the right hon.
<persName id="t17580405-26-person220"> George Dodington
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person220" type="surname" value="Dodington"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person220" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; </rs>
<rs id="t17580405-26-cd123" type="crimeDate">Mar. 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-26-off122 t17580405-26-cd123"/>.*</p>
<p>Caleb Smith. The prisoner lived
<rs id="t17580405-26-deflabel124" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-26-defend217 t17580405-26-deflabel124"/> where I do almost two years; I went out of town with the coach on the 23d of March, and returned on the 28th, and found the stable-door broke open, and the lock was off: I missed out of a box one five guinea piece, eight guineas, one thirty-six shilling piece, some linen and stockings my property.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this box?</p>
<p>Smith. It was in my master's stable, the hon.
<persName id="t17580405-26-person221"> George Dodington
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person221" type="surname" value="Dodington"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person221" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; there was the prisoner; I told him I was robbed; he said he believed my helper that was, had got my money. I went to justice Fielding, and got a warrant, and went to the house where the prisoner lives; he was not to be found, but there I found a bundle of linen of his. I advertised him, and last Sunday I found him in the Strand, with one of my shirts on his back, and a pair of my stockings on. I took him before Mr. Fielding, he ordered him to the Round-house, and the next morning there again, and from thence to Newgate; there were three pair of my stockings in the bundle which I found; they were at a watchman's in the Meuse.</p>
<p>Q. Where were the things mentioned in the indictment, when you went out of town?</p>
<p>Smith. They were all with the money in the box?</p>
<p>Q. Was he searched when taken up?</p>
<p>Smith. He was; and we found five guineas in his pocket, and a purse, which I believe to be mine; he owned he had bought the watch with the five guinea piece.</p>
<p>Q. Did he own he took the things and money out of the box?</p>
<p>Smith. He owned he stood at the stable-door, while another man brought the money out, and that they shared it. He ow ned it was my money and my linen, but would not own to the taking that, but said he bought it in Monmouth-street, and that he knew it to be mine when he bought it.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-26-person222"> Benjamin Wheeler
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person222" type="surname" value="Wheeler"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person222" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner lived fellow-servant with the prosecutor and I almost two years. When he was taken, the coachman came and told me; I went with him to the justice's house; there he was searched, and there was found upon him five guineas, fourteen shillings and sixpence in silver, and eight pence in halfpence, a silver watch, four handkerchiefs, a case of steams, a knife, a pair of nut-crackers, a snuff-box, and a pocket-piece. (Produced in court.) I asked him how he came by that watch, he said he bought it, and changed the great piece of money to pay for it; but what change he had out of it he could not tell; I asked him where he bought it, he said in a great street beyond, St. Paul's church-yard we went and found it to be Cheapside.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-26-person223"> William Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person223" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person223" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a silversmith's shop in Cheapside; I sold a watch to a man last Tuesday was se'nnight, which answers to the watch that the prosecutor found upon the prisoner. I cannot say I know the prisoner's face; I received a five guinea piece to change of the person at the time.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-26-person224"> John Grimes
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person224" type="surname" value="Grimes"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person224" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to my house, and called for a pint of beer, on the 26th of March, at night, and left a thirty-six piece, eight guineas, and a large piece of gold, which I since suppose to be a five guinea piece; he proposed to come and fetch them on the next day, which he did.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-26-person225"> Richard Brumage
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person225" type="surname" value="Brumage"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person225" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-26-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came and knocked at my door on Sunday was se'nnight, and said he wanted to drink with me; we went together to Mr. Grimes's house and drank, he said he was going to Hammersmith; we seeing he had
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050017"/> money about him, told him he would get drunk and lose it, and desired him not to take it with him. Then he said he would leave it at Mr. Grimes's, which he did, the next day he came for it, and had it delivered to him in the purse which he left it in. He left with me a handkerchief, with two shirts in it, and two or three pair of stockings, which the prosecutor own'd.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I did not rob the coachman of any thing, I can find the man that went in and brought the money out.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-26-verdict125" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-26-verdict125" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-26-punish126" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-26-punish126" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-26-defend217 t17580405-26-punish126"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-27">
<interp inst="t17580405-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-27-off128-c181" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-27-defend227 t17580405-27-off128 t17580405-27-verdict130"/>
<p>183. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-27-defend227" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Johnson
<interp inst="t17580405-27-defend227" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-defend227" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-defend227" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-27-deflabel127" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-27-defend227 t17580405-27-deflabel127"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-27-off128" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-27-off128" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-off128" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two silver tea-spoons, value 12 d. two brass candlesticks, value 6 d. one copper tea-kettle and lamp, one table cloth, two damask napkins, one pair of linen pillow cases, and one linen handkerchief </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17580405-27-victim229" type="victimName"> William Castledine
<interp inst="t17580405-27-victim229" type="surname" value="Castledine"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-victim229" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-victim229" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-27-off128 t17580405-27-victim229"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-27-cd129" type="crimeDate">March 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-27-off128 t17580405-27-cd129"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-27-person230"> Robert Loat
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person230" type="surname" value="Loat"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person230" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Castledine, who keeps the bagnio in Leicester-fields, the prisoner was trusted with things in the house; we having lost several things, the prisoner and another woman having quarrelled, the other said to her, You old bitch I'll blow you; the prisoner at the bar said, what do you mean by that? The other said, About the tea-spoon. I went to that woman and said, what about the tea-spoon? So it came out where they were pawned, and we took them out; they were pawned in the prisoner's name (producing one).</p>
<persName id="t17580405-27-person231"> Ann Wood
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person231" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person231" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person231" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a servant to Mr. Castledine. We found at a pawnbroker's, in Castle-court, a copper tea-kettle, a lamp, two brass candlesticks, and some linen, (produced in court) the property of Mr. Castledine.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-27-person232"> James Styles
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person232" type="surname" value="Styles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person232" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker. I delivered two tea-spoons to the evidence here, I am pretty sure I took them in of the prisoner at the bar, and these two brass candlesticks.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know her before?</p>
<p>Styles. I have known her this three years.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>There were many things taken to Mr. Styles's in my name, that I did not bring.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-27-verdict130" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-27-verdict130" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-verdict130" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17580405-27-punish131" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-27-punish131" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-27-punish131" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-27-defend227 t17580405-27-punish131"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-28">
<interp inst="t17580405-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-28-off133-c186" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-28-defend233 t17580405-28-off133 t17580405-28-verdict136"/>
<p>184. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-28-defend233" type="defendantName"> Esther Green
<interp inst="t17580405-28-defend233" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-defend233" type="given" value="Esther"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-defend233" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-28-deflabel132" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-28-defend233 t17580405-28-deflabel132"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-28-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-28-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 7 s. and 6 d. in money numbered </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17580405-28-victim235" type="victimName"> Edward Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-28-victim235" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-victim235" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-victim235" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-28-off133 t17580405-28-victim235"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-28-cd134" type="crimeDate">March 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-28-off133 t17580405-28-cd134"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-28-person236"> Elizabeth Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person236" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person236" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person236" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to
<persName id="t17580405-28-person237"> Edward Smith
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person237" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person237" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-28-viclabel135" type="occupation">we keep a publick-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-28-victim235 t17580405-28-viclabel135"/>. I have known the prisoner, I believe, four or five months, her brother and sister boarded at my house.</p>
<p>Q. What do you charge her with?</p>
<p>Smith. While I was talking to a man, she keeps company with, who was with her at my house, she put her hand into my pocket apron, and took out 7 s. and 6 d.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober at the time?</p>
<p>Smith. I was, but don't believe she was.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know she took out 7 s.</p>
<p>Smith. Mr. Torneck took it out of her hand, and we told it; there was 7 s. and 6 d. of it, all in silver. I had halfpence in my right side pocket, and silver in my left.</p>
<p>Q. Where was your husband at this time?</p>
<p>Smith. He was at that time up in the club-room.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-28-person238"> William Torneck
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person238" type="surname" value="Torneck"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person238" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was with the prosecutrix and prisoner, standing on that side the box the prosecutrix was on. She was leaning over the table, talking with both her hands on the table; she presently said, what is this on my thigh? clap'd her hand down and seiz'd the prisoner's hand, and desired me to lay hold of her hand; I did, and pull'd it from under the prosecutrix's apron. I saw a six-pence, and desired the prisoner to open her hand, she would not; I put my fingers to my mouth and weted them, and strove to screw her hand open, and took out 7 s. and 6 d.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>That afternoon I had my fellow-servant come to see me; when my brother and sister came home to dinner, I call'd for two or three pots of beer. My friend stay'd till towards night with my sister and me; before he came down he said to me, in my sister's room, how do you do, have you spent your fortune? (I having broke my arm, was at my brother's lodging) he said, if you want a little money, I can assist you. I said it would be very acceptable, he made me a present of half a guinea, and treated us with a glass of rum; and when my brother came home from work, he treated him with a pot of beer, after that I sent down for one more; a little after that I came down stairs, and the landlady ask'd me what I would treat her with, I said any
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050018"/> thing that she pleased; we had two pints of hot. She gave me change out of a shilling, when I pulled out my money, this gentleman said it was the landlady's money. I never had a farthing change out of it, the 7 s. was taken from me; he that made me a present of it has been in the country and is not return'd, or he would have been here. I never lived out of the city this fifteen years, and was never disguis'd in liquor in my life.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-28-person239"> John Ellis
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person239" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person239" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-28-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner sent for me to come to her when she was in New-prison, to write her a letter, which I did.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Ellis. I keep a little private house.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business ?</p>
<p>Ellis. I am a mason.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner?</p>
<p>Ellis. She is a cook.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known her?</p>
<p>Ellis. I have known her a year and a half.</p>
<p>Q. What is her general character ?</p>
<p>Ellis. I never heard a bad one of her.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear a good one of her?</p>
<p>Ellis. No; I never had but very little acquaintance with her.</p>
<p>Mr. Ford. I knew the prisoner when she was cook at the crown tavern, Ludgate-hill, and at the Ax-inn, in Aldermanbury, and the Salutation in Newgate-street. She bore a most excellent character: if I wanted a servant to-morrow I'd take her, I have so good an opinion of her.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-28-verdict136" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-28-verdict136" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-29">
<interp inst="t17580405-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-29-off137-c192" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-29-defend241 t17580405-29-off137 t17580405-29-verdict141"/>
<p>185. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-29-defend241" type="defendantName"> William Stevens
<interp inst="t17580405-29-defend241" type="surname" value="Stevens"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-defend241" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-defend241" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-29-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-29-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing twenty-nine yards of Woollen-cloth, value 18 l. two pieces of linnen cloth, value 30 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17580405-29-victim243" type="victimName"> William Colethurst
<interp inst="t17580405-29-victim243" type="surname" value="Colethurst"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-victim243" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-victim243" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-29-off137 t17580405-29-victim243"/> </persName> , out of his warehouse </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-29-cd138" type="crimeDate">Feb. 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-29-off137 t17580405-29-cd138"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person244"> William Colethurst
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person244" type="surname" value="Colethurst"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person244" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17580405-29-crimeloc139">Basinghall-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-crimeloc139" type="placeName" value="Basinghall-street"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-crimeloc139" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-29-off137 t17580405-29-crimeloc139"/>, I know the prisoner well, he was employed by me, in my business, as a
<rs id="t17580405-29-deflabel140" type="occupation">packer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-29-defend241 t17580405-29-deflabel140"/>.</p>
<p>Q. When was the last time ?</p>
<p>Colethurst. Three or four days before the fire happened.</p>
<p>Q. When was that?</p>
<p>Colethurst. the 24th of February last, at which time the goods mentioned in the indictment were lost.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell me what goods he was packing on the 24th of February?</p>
<p>Colethurst. He was employed particularly in linnen. Two days before he was pressing the piece of cloth which I lost.</p>
<p>Q. In the packing of the cloth was there any particular circumstance happened, by which you could know it again?</p>
<p>Colethurst. By the pattern I took of it, I am sure it is mine.</p>
<p>Q. In what manner was this woollen cloth packed-up ?</p>
<p>Colethurst. It was done about half a yard wide, and put into a green canvass.</p>
<p>Q. Had it any ferril upon it when it was packed up?</p>
<p>Colethurst. It had, and two numbers, one was the number of the cloth; the mark was Newman Superfine 10,707, 25 yards three quarters; it was put on by the weaver, when it was wove, it was at the head end of the cloth.</p>
<p>Q. Was that part of the cloth, to which the ferril was annex'd afterwards lost?</p>
<p>Colethurst. The whole piece of cloth was taken away.</p>
<p>Q. How was the linnen cloth packed?</p>
<p>Colethurst. In canvas, and a rope; fifteen pieces were together in one bale.</p>
<p>Q. How long did this man work afterwards with you?</p>
<p>Colethurst. Three days.</p>
<p>Q. When did you discharge him?</p>
<p>Colethurst. I believe the 22d of February.</p>
<p>Q. When he went away, where were these bales ?</p>
<p>Colethurst. They were in my warehouse. I saw them there.</p>
<p>Q. Did he know where they were?</p>
<p>Colethurst. Yes, very well.</p>
<p>Q. Were the bales there on the 23d of February?</p>
<p>Colethurst. Yes, I saw them about four or five in the evening; on Friday morning, the 24th of February, we were alarmed with fire; after the fright was over, and the fire was got out, I examined the warehouse, to see what I had lost; I missed a piece of cloth, and I found a bale of linnen that was cut open, and two pieces taken out of the bale.</p>
<p>Q. What was the value of the cloth?</p>
<p>Colethurst. About 17 l. it was twenty-five yards three quarters; it cost first 15 s. per yard.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050019"/>Q. What quantity of linnen?</p>
<p>Colethurst. The two pieces of linnen were worth about 1 l. 15 s.</p>
<p>Q. Did you miss any thing else?</p>
<p>Colethurst. Only the wrappers which he put the goods in.</p>
<p>Q. Did you suspect any particular person having stolen them?</p>
<p>Colethurst. The observations that the prisoner had made on it, when he was at work, of a wrinkle, and I missing that piece, made me suspect the very man.</p>
<p>Q. What grounds had you to think that he had stole them?</p>
<p>Colethurst. Because he had made a mark, which no man knew besides himself and my man, the other man I know to be a very honest man; I have known him a great many years.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner at your house at the time that the fire happened?</p>
<p>Colethurst. I did not see him.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person245"> William Holloway
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person245" type="surname" value="Holloway"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person245" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am journeyman to Mr. Colethurst; I know the prisoner very well, I remember his working with Mr. Colethurst as a packer; he was at work two days before the fire happened, in folding of this woollen cloth into papers for the press, (the woollen cloth produced in court.)</p>
<p>Q. Did he make any observations upon any wrinkles, or marks in the cloth?</p>
<p>Holloway. Yes, this is it, when he was about it, he said, sir, you see here is a wrinkle, you see I did not do it.</p>
<p>Q. Can you say it was the same cloth?</p>
<p>Holloway. I am sure it was the same cloth that that he was employed to sold into papers for the press.</p>
<p>Q. When did Mr. Colethurst discharge him?</p>
<p>Holloway. On the Wednesday night.</p>
<p>Q. When was the last time, you are sure, the cloth was in the warehouse?</p>
<p>Holloway. The cloth and linnen were in the warehouse on the Thursday evening about six or seven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. When was the first time you miss'd this cloth?</p>
<p>Holloway. When we had got our hurry over, between seven and eight o'clock on the Friday morning, I went into the warehouse, and when I came in, I saw the bale was cut open, and I thought that by moving it, it might have bursted; afterwards looking for the woollen cloth, I found the green buckram that it was put up in, and the cloth gone, and the ferril the same.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember having any more of that cloth from any other since ?</p>
<p>Holloway. Yes, a man in court brought a piece home after the Tickets were out.</p>
<p>Q. How much is the piece of woollen cloth worth?</p>
<p>Holloway. About 17 l.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner come to you after this?</p>
<p>Holloway. No, he never came since.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person246"> Thomas Dillingham
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person246" type="surname" value="Dillingham"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person246" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am watchman, when I came by about a quarter after six, I saw a great smoke come out of Mr. Colethurst's cellar; after I had stood about five or six minutes, I saw a man come running out of the door of Mr. Colethurst's with a bundle upon his back, and went towards London wall.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take any particular notice of the man?</p>
<p>Dillingham. I can't tell what sort of a man he was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you alarm the family that there was a fire in the house?</p>
<p>Dillingham. When I came by, I thought the family was up, I saw no fire, only smoke.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person247"> Elizabeth Salter
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person247" type="surname" value="Salter"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person247" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person247" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know him by sight very well.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>E. Salter. I am a bookseller, the prisoner came to my house on the 24th of February, about nine o'clock, and brought a bag very heavy; he said let me leave this bag: it was a very cold morning, but he came in a great sweat. I asked him what made him sweat so; in such a cold morning, and he said it was his burden. I told him I would not have my shop fill'd with his goods, he said he would not leave it above two or three hours. I saw him again on Saturday morning, about ten or eleven o'clock; he took the bag and cut it open, and took the cloth out, and cut off about four or five yards, and took it under his arm and went away.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure this is the same cloth?</p>
<p>E. Salter. I know it to be the same by the two figures of 7. I saw the number when he cut it off and laid it upon the ground.</p>
<p>Q. Did he give you any directions what to do with the rest?</p>
<p>Salter. I asked him for some money, he said you must sell some of this cloth, and you may have some of this linnen cloth to make a pair of sheets. I did not take any then; I said I have no
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050020"/> skill in woollen cloth, he said it was worth 7 s. per yard.</p>
<p>Q. Did you employ any body to sell any part of this woollen or linnen cloth?</p>
<p>Salter. I employed my daughter to sell the woollen cloth, but she sold none, for she offer'd it, and she was taken up; he came on Saturday evening, and he borrow'd two shillings.</p>
<p>Q. Did you advance any more money upon the cloth?</p>
<p>Salter. I advanced 15 s. and 2 s. more on Saturday evening.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any inquiry how he came by this cloth?</p>
<p>Salter. He said it was his own, and said I might go to any public shop in London, and make any money of it. The cloth was at my house till the prisoner was taken up. He came for some more cloth on the Tuesday morning, and my daughter took him up.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person248"> Mary Salter
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person248" type="surname" value="Salter"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person248" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person248" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know the prisoner very well; on Friday morning the 24th of February he brought some cloth and some linnen in a canvas bag; he came in a great sweat, which I was greatly surprised at, in such a cold morning, and he desired he might leave it for two or three hours; my mother said she did not choose to be incumbered with it, but he said nothing; she called two or three times, but he made no answer, and ran away and left the goods. I saw him again on the Saturday, and he came and desired she would lend him 15 s. she lent him 15 s. and three half-crowns, and he took and cut the cloth in pieces, and left six yards behind, and took the rest away.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure this is the cloth here produced?</p>
<p>M. Salter. Yes, I am sure it is the same by the two figures of 7.</p>
<p>Q. How came the prisoner to be taken up at your mother's house?</p>
<p>M. Salter. The prisoner said he would come on the Tuesday morning, and when he came he was taken up.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any cloth at that time in your mother's house?</p>
<p>M. Salter. There was some left till he came to fetch it.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person249"> Thomas Collins
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person249" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person249" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him for four or five years; he brought a quantity of cloth some time in February, on a Saturday morning; first he brought a pattern, and offered it to sell; afterwards he brought a quantity of cloth, he said it was 27 yards, and a half, or three quarters of it, (a piece of cloth produced in court.)</p>
<p>Q. Is that the cloth he brought you to sell?</p>
<p>Collins. I am pretty sure this is the cloth, I have no reason, but only with regard to the colour, it appears to me to be the very same thing. When he brought the cloth, I laid it by in order to have a coat and breeches made of it.</p>
<p>Q. What was you to give him for it?</p>
<p>Collins. We had not agreed about that, he said it was to be 14 s. a yard. I said if it was worse it would serve my turn as well, he told me it was not his, but a friend's that was going into the country, and that he had it to dispose of for him.</p>
<p>Q. How long did the cloth continue with you?</p>
<p>Collins. About five or six days. When I came to be acquainted with the affair, I informed Mr. Colethurst that I had heard he had lost some cloth, and that I had so much cloth of such a colour in my possession. I told him if he would send his man to my house, I would give it him. Mr. Colethurst sent his man, and I shew'd him a pattern of it, and gave it him.</p>
<p>Q. Was the cloth that Mr. Colethurst's man had of you, the very same that you had of the prisoner?</p>
<p>Collins. Yes, the very same.</p>
<p>Mr. Staples. I was present when the prisoner was apprehended, and I was with him before justice Fielding.</p>
<p>Q. Was the cloth produced there?</p>
<p>Staples. It was, and the linnen.</p>
<p>Q. What account did he give to Mr. Fielding?</p>
<p>Staples. He said he was going down Basinghall-street, and he saw a bag lie, he said he found it under the wall.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I found this cloth in the street.</p>
<p>For the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person250"> John Cooper
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person250" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person250" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner five or six months, I never knew any harm of him before this.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-29-person251"> Robert Hemming
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person251" type="surname" value="Hemming"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person251" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-29-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about seven years, his wife was servant to me; after his day's work was over, I let him come to see his wife, and when he was out of his time, I let him be in my house; he lived with me four years and a half, I never heard to the contrary but that he was a very just, honest man, and has bore a good character ever since.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-29-verdict141" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-29-verdict141" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-29-punish142" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-29-punish142" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-29-defend241 t17580405-29-punish142"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-30">
<interp inst="t17580405-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-30-off143-c202" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-30-defend253 t17580405-30-off143 t17580405-30-verdict145"/>
<p>186. (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-30-defend253" type="defendantName"> RIchard William Vaughan
<interp inst="t17580405-30-defend253" type="surname" value="William Vaughan"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-defend253" type="given" value="RIchard"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-defend253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-30-off143" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-30-off143" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-off143" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> feloniously forging and counterfeiting a bank note, for the payment of 20l. to
<persName id="t17580405-30-person254"> John Conwallis
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person254" type="surname" value="Conwallis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person254" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and also for putting away the same, with intent to defraud the
<persName id="t17580405-30-victim255" type="victimName"> governor and company of the bank of England
<interp inst="t17580405-30-victim255" type="surname" value="and company of the bank of England"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-victim255" type="given" value="governor"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-victim255" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-30-off143 t17580405-30-victim255"/> </persName> </rs>.
<rs id="t17580405-30-cd144" type="crimeDate">March 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-30-off143 t17580405-30-cd144"/>.*</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person256"> John Spensley
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person256" type="surname" value="Spensley"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person256" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at the apprehending of the prisoner. (He produces a parcel of papers.) These were taken upon the prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person257"> William Cole
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person257" type="surname" value="Cole"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person257" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at the searching the prisoner's lodgings. (He produces a parcel of papers.) Some of these were found in a bureau, some in a little closet; here are two copper-plates; (producing one about 5 inches by 3, the other about 3 by 1 and a half) these were found in the closet. There were Mr. Race and Mr. Dod at the finding them.</p>
<p>Q. Was the closet open or locked?</p>
<p>Cole. I do not know that.</p>
<p>Q. to Spensley. Do you remember any keys being delivered by the prisoner at Mr. Fielding's?</p>
<p>Spensley. I took them out of his pocket, and put them into a hat: but do not know who took them afterwards.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person258"> John Corbould
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person258" type="surname" value="Corbould"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person258" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an engraver. About the 1st of last March, the prisoner at the bar applied to me in the name of Sneed, for a copper-plate to be engraved with a promissory note. I cannot remember whether he brought me a written direction, or whether he wrote it in my shop. I engraved him two plates. The direction for the last plate I have here. (Producing it.)</p>
<p>Q. What became of the direction for the first?</p>
<p>Corbould. I cannot tell whether he did not take that away with him.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the first plate?</p>
<p>Corbould. I have it here. I shewed it the prisoner before it was quite finished, and he made a great many objections to it. One in particular I remember was, the word on at the beginning of the second line, should have been at the beginning of the first line, and the words I promise were placed, he said, too far from the edge of the plate, and the Britannia he did not like; he wanted me to alter the plate; I said I should have more trouble to alter it than to make a new one. Then that was laid aside, and I engraved a second by his direction.</p>
<p>Q. Now look at this other plate.</p>
<p>Corbould. This is the second plate. (He delivers it, and the directions for engraving.)</p>
<p>Q. Have you got a proof from this plate?</p>
<p>Corbould. Here is one that I had printed off from it. (He delivers that in.)</p>
<p>A young Lady sworn. The prisoner at the bar delivered me some bills: these are the same. (Producing twelve counterfeit bank notes, sealed up in a cover, for 20l. each.)</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say they were when he delivered them to you.</p>
<p>Y. Lady. He said they were bills.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any observations on them?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I said mine were thinner paper; he answered, all bills are not alike.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any conversation with him about the bank?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. No, none at all.</p>
<p>Q. What was you to do with them?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050023"/>Y. Lady. I was to keep them till after we were married.</p>
<p>Q. What was to have been done with them then?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. What did he put them in your hands for?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. He put them in my hands to shew he put confidence in me.</p>
<p>Q. Did he give you any charge concerning them?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. He desired me not to shew them to any body; and to sealed them up with his own seal; obliged me oath not to discover them to any body; and I did not till he had discovered them himself</p>
<p>Q. Was he not to settle something upon you?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. Yes; he was to settle so much upon me and he was to advance it in stock. ( The not delivered in)</p>
<p>Q. to Corbould. Look at this note, the body of 22</p>
<p>Corbould. This is printed from the second copperplate of my engraving; all but these words, For to and company of the bank of England; ved the plate, the prisoner asked me if I can't tell him where a printer lived, and I recommended one Farnworth, a man that prints for me.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person259"> William Farnworth
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person259" type="surname" value="Farnworth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person259" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a copper-plate printer. I remember the prisoner coming to me about the beginning of last March; he said Mr. Jefferys and Mr. Corbould recommended him to me, because had the trouble of proving it.</p>
<p>Q. Who is Mr. Jeffreys?</p>
<p>Farnworth. Jeffreys and Corbould are partners. He said he wanted a few prints done; I said I was in a great hurry, and could not finish my business, being Saturday evening. He said he would pay me considerably, if I would do them then. I printed 28 for him, and Mr. Jeffreys paid me.</p>
<p>Q. Who was present?</p>
<p>Farnworth. There was only my man that works for me was by. The prisoner staid while they were done, and took away four of them with him.</p>
<p>Q. What had you for doing them?</p>
<p>Farnworth. I was paid two shillings for doing them; he made a second application to me the week following, and came and had forty-eight more printed of the same plate.</p>
<p>Q. Was he present when you printed them?</p>
<p>Farnworth. He was with me all the time, and took them away as they were done.</p>
<p>Q. Who paid you for doing them?</p>
<p>Farnworth. He did; he paid me two shillings for doing them.</p>
<p>Q. Upon whose paper did you print them?</p>
<p>Farnworth. I printed them on his own paper, which he brought with him.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon this note, and the plate, and see whether you can say part of the note was printed off from this plate. (He looks on them.)</p>
<p>Farnworth. Yes, part of it was.</p>
<p>Q. Read what words were printed off from this plate?</p>
<p>Farnworth reads. - I promise to pay to or bearer, Twenty pounds. Here is London also, and the Britannia and No. at the top.</p>
<p>[The paper produced by Cole looked at. It was very thin, and the words, BANK OF ENGLAND, made in the body of the paper, wanted the second N in England.]</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person260"> Charles Fourdrinier
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person260" type="surname" value="Fourdrinier"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person260" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a copper-plate printer and stationer. The prisoner applied to me about the 4th of March last, with three written directions; one directed for the governor and company of the bank of England: another to the East-India company; and the other I know nothing of, to get them engraved for him. I asked him, if he pleased to have them all on one plate, or separate: he considered a little, and said separate. I asked him if he would have one done first, and the rest afterwards. He considered a second time, and said, I might as well do that for the governor and company of the bank of England first. I got it engraved for him, and shewed him a proof of it.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this smallest plate.</p>
<p>Fourdrinier. This is the plate: he said the r in governor must be altered, and made into an s; it was altered according to his directions.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this note No. 13840</p>
<p>Fourdrinier. To the best of my knowledge this is printed from it, For the governor and company of the bank of England. After he had got it, he paid me for it, and went about his business; and I think about a week after, he came to me and asked me, if I could not print him some from the plate; I told him I could: he brought some paper along with him folded up very curiously; so that I could not see what was in them; I was going to take the papers from him, but he said he must go up stairs with me, and see them worked off himself. I took him up stairs; he would not let me have them out of his hands. I took a spunge and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050024"/> wetted them, and put them on the plate, in order for printing them. After my boy had done two or three of them, I begged to be excused. Having business to do, I went down stairs, and my boy worked them off.</p>
<p>Q. What is your boy's name?</p>
<p>Fourdrinier. His name is
<persName id="t17580405-30-person261"> John Nevil
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person261" type="surname" value="Nevil"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person261" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner came down stairs and paid me for them.</p>
<p>Q. What imagination had you when a man comes with papers folded up, which you are not permitted to see the contents of, for you to print on that same paper, (for the governor and company of the bank of England.)</p>
<p>Fourdrinier. I then did not suspect any thing, but I shall take care for the future.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person262"> John Nevil
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person262" type="surname" value="Nevil"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person262" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am apprentice to Mr. Fourdrinier.</p>
<p>Q. How old are you?</p>
<p>Nevil. I shall be sixteen years of age next July, my master came to me, and gave me the plate to print off these things; Mr. Vaughan was along with him.</p>
<p>Q. How long is this ago?</p>
<p>Nevil. It is about six weeks ago. After I had printed off about three or four, my master went down stairs, Mr. Vaughan bid me print more off.</p>
<p>Q. How many did you print?</p>
<p>Nevil. To the best of my knowledge it was forty eight.</p>
<p>Q. What part of them words on the paper did you print off?</p>
<p>Nevil. The words were (governor and company of the bank of England.)</p>
<p>Q. Look at this plate, are you sure this is the plate?</p>
<p>Nevil. (He takes it in his hand.) This is it.</p>
<p>Q. Could you see the other words when you printed off these words you mentioned?</p>
<p>Nevil. No, they were folded up, so that I could not see what was in them.</p>
<p>Q. Were they brought so to you?</p>
<p>Nevil. They were brought so up stairs.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person263"> James Balanger
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person263" type="surname" value="Balanger"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person263" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have been acquainted with the prisoner five or six months.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Balangers. I live in George-yard. About five or six weeks ago as the prisoner and I were coming down Portugal-street, he asked me if I could give him cash for a 20l. bank note. I said I had no cash about me, but I had a relation that could do it. We went to him, and he had not cash; then I said I had a brother on Snow-hill, he has cash. As we were going on, he said the bank note was not about him, but at his brother's; we will go to him; but when we came to his brother's chambers, he nor none of his clerks were there; then we went and drank together, till we thought he might be come in. We went to the chamber again, but no body was there; coming out of the chamber, there happened to be the waiter of the wine cellar on the stairs. He ask'd if his brother was below; he said he was. I said then you may go and ask him for the key. He said he would not, he did not choose it, for he would ask for what he wanted it. About a fort night after that he came to me in my yard and asked me if I had a six stall stable to let I said I had a two stall stable, if that was suit. He said a gentleman of his acquaintance had six saddle horses, and should want such a stable. He asked me when we were together, if I could give him cash for bank bills, saying he had twenty by him for 20 l. each. I said I could not, it is but going to the bank, you may soon get cash there; he said he did not care for that, because he was a bankrupt, and his certificate was not signed.</p>
<p>Q. Did he shew you any of the notes?</p>
<p>Balanger. No, he did not.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take the notes he talked of to be all good notes?</p>
<p>Balanger. Yes, I did.</p>
<p>Council for the crown. When was this second conversation?</p>
<p>Balanger. It was about three weeks ago.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-30-person264"> Thomas Bliss
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person264" type="surname" value="Bliss"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person264" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-30-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner offered himself to me as a clerk, about eight months ago, in consequence of my advertising for one. I hired him as such, and he lived with me about three months in that capacity.</p>
<p>Q. Are you some way concerned for the young Lady.</p>
<p>Bliss. I am guardian to her; the prisoner had privately made his addresses to her, without my knowledge or consent; after a time he made me acquainted with it, (but not till I had learn'd it from the servants; and I observed by the Girl's behaviour, that she greatly approved him.) I said to him, if he could make it appear that he could maintain her, and if his character, upon close inquiry would bear. (I at that time had no doubt of his character, as a servant, because he had behaved well.) He mentioned his being of a good
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050025"/> family, and told me though he had been a bankrupt, yet soon should have his certificate signed; and his brother, an eminent attorney, and his friends that lived at Stafford, would settle an equal sum upon her to her fortune, would rein state him in business, and advance him a considerable sum of money. On these declarations I consented. He had got her consent, what remained was my care to see she did not imprudently throw herself away. Many meetings we had, to treat of this pretended settlement; he applied to his own attorney for a draught of the settlement. It was agreed that 500l. should be settled in trust for her separate use.</p>
<p>Q. How did he say that was to be raised?</p>
<p>Bliss. He said his brother and friends would advance him a thousand pounds, and out of that money it was to be raised. The affair of the bank notes came to my knowledge by mere accident. I believe it was on the 22d of March, I was sitting in my parlour, with my wife, by the fire-side; the prisoner and the girl in the same room, which being small, though they whispered, I could perceive Vaughan was very urgent to have something returned, which he said he would call for early next morning. I then thought it something trifling, and not worth particular notice. As soon as he went away, I studied her face, and could perceive much dissatisfaction. I asked her what was the matter; I perceived a tear break out; she would not tell me what the matter in dispute was. This induced me to resolve he should not see her till I found out what he wanted of her. When he came the next morning I took him into the parlour, and said you have given the young lady great uneasiness last night, I desire to know what you demanded of her; he hesitated some time, and said he did not demand any thing. I said this is a matter brought near a conclusion, there shall be nothing a secret till after you are married; tell me candidly what past between you. He still refused upon my second asking. Then I said I in part knew it from her; and said, may be, she has the value of ten or twelve pounds, you might give her to buy a bauble. He said more than that, it was near 300l. in bills, and it was that which he demanded of her again, and for very good reasons, which he could not then tell me; till his certificate was signed, it was not proper any body should know he had got so much, and his brother was to advance it to him when he had got that signed.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say what sort of bills they were?</p>
<p>Bliss. To the best of my knowledge he did not say what sort, but I understood they were bank bills. I asked him for what intent he left them with her; he said, as I had of late suspected him, he designed to give her a proof of his affection and truth, I said you have demanded them in such a manner, that it must be construed as an abatement of your affection towards her. He still solicited farther. I told him I must ask advice first, as things had gone so far. I desired he would not see her till then, and after that he might call upon me again, and I never saw him till I saw him before the justice. I had no notion at that time that he had imposed on the girl, by giving her any thing that was false.</p>
<p>Q. Did he mention the number of bills?</p>
<p>Bliss. No, he did not.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Council for the prisoner. In the common course of negotiating business, is the expression bills, when they mean bank notes?</p>
<p>Bliss. No, it is not, but I believe they are equally und erstood by bank bills or bank notes.</p>
<p>Q. If a person owes you money, and was to say he would pay you in bills, should you think it to be bank bills?</p>
<p>Bliss. I believe bank notes are as commonly called bills.</p>
<p>Q. Did any thing pass between you about bank bills?</p>
<p>Bliss. No.</p>
<p>Q. From the general purport of the discourse with him, could you understand he was to purchase any of this fortune with these bills?</p>
<p>Bliss. No, he said she might go and take the stock, or to that effect. He equivocated much.</p>
<p>Q. Was any time of marriage appointed?</p>
<p>Bliss. The marriage was fixed for the Tuesday in Easter-week.</p>
<p>Q. to the young Lady. How many notes did the prisoner leave with you?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. There were twelve of them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you count them?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you read any part of them?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Upon what account did he put them in your hands?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. On the account of my saying I thought he had no value for me; and he put them into my hand to shew me that he had.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050026"/>Q. Had there been any dispute between you?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. Not much.</p>
<p>Q. Did he tell you what they were?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I don't remember that he did.</p>
<p>Q. What did you take them to be?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I took them for bank bills.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any observation on them then?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. Yes, I told him they were thicker than my bank bills were.</p>
<p>Q. Did you say bills?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I said my bank notes were thinner than them, and he made answer all notes were not alike.</p>
<p>Q. Whether you had any conversation about any settlement upon you?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. He said he was to settle 250 l. on me.</p>
<p>Q. Did he tell you the value of the notes?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I think I said they were 20 l. each, to which he noded his head, and that was all.</p>
<p>Q. What was he to settle on you?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. He was to settle 500 l. on me, and this was to make up mine 500l.</p>
<p>Q. What was yours?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. Mine was 250l.</p>
<p>Q. Did he say that was to make up yours 500l.</p>
<p>Y. Lady. No, he did not, he insisted on my not telling any body of these bills, and said they were not to be meddled with on any consideration in the world, and he was to go to the bank and transfer it to me.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the 500l. to be raised on his part?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the prisoner asking for these notes afterwards?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I do, he begged the favour of having them again.</p>
<p>Q. What did he call them?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. He said bills.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. It was, I believe, about the 22d.</p>
<p>Q. Did you deliver them?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did he demand them after that?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him after that?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. No</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Council. Then these were left with you to be returned to him again, were they not?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. I do not know any thing about that, I was to keep them till after our marriage.</p>
<p>Q. Did you understand these to be any part of the value he was to settle upon you?</p>
<p>Y. Lady. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. to Spensley. Was you at the apprehending the prisoner?</p>
<p>Spensley. I met him in the custody of my brother constable.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe any thing that the prisoner did then?</p>
<p>Spensley. I saw some paper in his mouth, and saw him spit some of it out, and his countenance changed at the time.</p>
<p>Council. There were fifteen found upon the prisoner, twenty in his room, and these twelve Miss produced, and one we suppose he destroyed in his mouth, come just to the number that were printed.</p>
<p>Spensley. My brother constable said to me, I am glad you are come, for he has swallowed two bits of paper.</p>
<p>Council for prisoner. If you were to be charged with a capital offence, would not your countenance change, supposing you innocent.</p>
<p>Spensley. I suppose it would.</p>
<p>M. Sabberton. He takes the note in question in hand.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the number of this note.</p>
<p>Sabberton. We have never a number so high as this. This is not a bank note, but there is some resemblance to be sure.</p>
<p>The Jury look at the plates and the papers found, &c.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-30-verdict145" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-30-verdict145" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-30-punish146" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-30-punish146" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-30-defend253 t17580405-30-punish146"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-31">
<interp inst="t17580405-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580405-31" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-31-off147-c214" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-defend266 t17580405-31-off147 t17580405-31-verdict151"/>
<p>187. (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-31-defend266" type="defendantName"> John Beal
<interp inst="t17580405-31-defend266" type="surname" value="Beal"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-defend266" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-defend266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-31-off147" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-31-off147" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-off147" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing fifty-six pounds weight of iron, value 7 s. the property of
<persName id="t17580405-31-victim267" type="victimName"> John and
<persName id="t17580405-31-person268" type="victimName">
<persName id="t17580405-31-victim269" type="victimName"> Robert Batson
<interp inst="t17580405-31-victim269" type="surname" value="Batson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-victim269" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-victim269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person268" type="surname" value="Batson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person268" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-victim267" type="surname" value="Batson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-victim267" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-victim267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately in the warehouse of the said John and
<persName id="t17580405-31-person270"> Robert Batson
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person270" type="surname" value="Batson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person270" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-31-cd148" type="crimeDate">March 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-off147 t17580405-31-cd148"/>.++</p>
<persName id="t17580405-31-person271"> Robert Batson
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person271" type="surname" value="Batson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person271" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<persName id="t17580405-31-person272"> John Batson
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person272" type="surname" value="Batson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person272" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and I are
<rs id="t17580405-31-viclabel149" type="occupation">shipbuilders</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-person268 t17580405-31-viclabel149"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-victim269 t17580405-31-viclabel149"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-victim267 t17580405-31-viclabel149"/> and partners. The prisoner work'd for us about seven or eight months last year; he is a
<rs id="t17580405-31-deflabel150" type="occupation">house carpenter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-defend266 t17580405-31-deflabel150"/>, he came again almost starved, and beg'd for work: seeing him in a deplorable condition we set him to work again. I ordered the foreman to examine his bag of chips, that he carried away when he went from work; thinking he might waste his time in spliting up slabs, I found his chips consisted chiefly in slabs, and such sort, for which I reprov'd him. The foreman in searching to the bottom of his bag said,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050027"/> here is something more in it and turn'd it out, and it prov'd to be iron-bolts and nails, and such like useful iron.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Batson. This was about the 16th of March.</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of that iron?</p>
<p>Batson. It is valued in the indictment at 7 s. they were worth to us above 24 s. (produced in court, and deposed to) He confess'd they were our property before we went before the justice, and before the justice; and that he took it out of our iron warehouse.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-31-person273"> James Pope
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person273" type="surname" value="Pope"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person273" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This iron produced here, we took out of the prisoner's bag amongst his chips as he was going to go home; he was not got out of the yard with them when they were found; he own'd he took them, and said it was a foolish thing of him to do so, and that it was my master's property; and own'd he had taken about twenty pounds weight away before.</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>I had them out of my master's yard, but I did not know but that they might belong to some of the ships.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-31-verdict151" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-31-verdict151" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-31-verdict151" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17580405-31-punish152" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-31-punish152" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-31-defend266 t17580405-31-punish152"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<p>188 (M.)
<persName id="t17580405-32-defend275" type="defendantName"> Robert Bray
<interp inst="t17580405-32-defend275" type="surname" value="Bray"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-defend275" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-defend275" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-32-off153" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-32-off153" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-off153" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing fifteen pounds weight of brass, value 7 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580405-32-victim277" type="victimName"> William Alexander
<interp inst="t17580405-32-victim277" type="surname" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-victim277" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-victim277" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-32-off153 t17580405-32-victim277"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580405-32-viclabel154" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-32-victim277 t17580405-32-viclabel154"/>;
<rs id="t17580405-32-cd155" type="crimeDate">March 7</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-32-off153 t17580405-32-cd155"/>. ++</p>
<p>Mr. Milward. I am joiner to Mr. Alderman Alexander. The prisoner was a
<rs id="t17580405-32-deflabel156" type="occupation">founder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-32-defend275 t17580405-32-deflabel156"/> and finisher to him, he came to me and ask'd me for the key of the foundery shop. I found he had got some wire to neal in the furnace, I gave it him; he ask'd me for a candle, I said, I had never a one; he said he would go down into the foundery shop, he went; I went to go there, and there was
<persName id="t17580405-32-person278"> William Mills
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person278" type="surname" value="Mills"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person278" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> : I ask'd him if Bray had any wire a nealing in the furnace, he said no. Soon after, I saw a light in the surff-cellar, a place where we put old brass: soon after came the prisoner out and shut the door after him, and set down the candle; his apron was full of something. I set Mills to watch him: soon after Mills came and said he was gone away; I sent Mills after him, who brought him back with about fifteen pounds weight of brass, call'd yellow metal about him; some in his pockets, and some in his apron, which he emptied before us in the shop, and said he was very sorry for what he had done.</p>
<p>Q. Whose property was it?</p>
<p>Milward. It is the property of
<persName id="t17580405-32-person279"> William Alexander
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person279" type="surname" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person279" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq;</p>
<p>Q. How long had he work'd for Mr. Alexander?</p>
<p>Milward. He had work'd for him about ten years; he was carried before a justice of the peace, and charg'd with stealing this brass; he said he could not deny it, and was very sorry. for it.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-32-person280"> William Mills
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person280" type="surname" value="Mills"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person280" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I work for Mr. Alderman Alexander in the foundery. I came to work about six o'clock, and Bray was in the shop with a candle, he came up and put the candle down, and went out of the shop. Mr. Milward ordered me to follow him, I did, and ask'd him what he had got in his apron? He said, he had got some tin; I said where are you a going with it, he answer'd I am coming back soon. I put my hand into his apron, and found it to be yellow brass. I made him come back along with me into the foundery, and got a thing and emptied it into from out of his apron and pockets. We took him before a justice, he told him he could not deny it, when charg'd with stealing it, and said he was very sorry for it. (It was Mr. Alexander's property.)</p>
<p>Q. How do you know this to be Mr. Alexander's property?</p>
<p>Mills. He had nothing in his apron when he went down into the surff cellar, and there is nothing else there but such brass, the property of Mr. Alderman Alexander.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-32-person281"> Benjamin Merryman
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person281" type="surname" value="Merryman"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person281" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am clerk to Mr. Alderman Alexander. (He produced the brass.)</p>
<p>Prisoner's defence.</p>
<p>It was none of the Alderman's property; my wife bought it and I brought it with me to the shop, in order to sell it as other people do, and I went out to get a penny worth of purl for myself, and said I'd be back presently. No, said Mills, you shall come back along with me, with all my hear said I; and he took it away out of my apron. They took me the next morning before the justice, and ask'd me what I had to say for myself. I said, I was sorry they should bring me to that place, I never was before I justice in my life before. I have work'd in the shop almost ten years, please to ask these two witnesses my character.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050028"/>Mills. I have known him four or five years, I never heard that he was guilty of any misdemeanour before this affair.</p>
<p>Milward. He behav'd very well in the shop, as a very civil man among his shop-mates.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-32-person282"> Benjamin Merryman
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person282" type="surname" value="Merryman"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person282" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-32-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him seven years, I never heard he did any thing amiss before this, nor was he ever suspected before.</p>
<p>What is his general character?</p>
<p>Merryman. He has a common good character.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-32-verdict157" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-32-verdict157" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-32-punish158" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-32-punish158" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-32-defend275 t17580405-32-punish158"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580405-33">
<interp inst="t17580405-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580405"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-33-off159-c229" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-33-defend284 t17580405-33-off159 t17580405-33-verdict161"/>
<p>189 (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-33-defend284" type="defendantName"> William Boodger
<interp inst="t17580405-33-defend284" type="surname" value="Boodger"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-defend284" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-defend284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-33-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-33-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> forging an inland bill of exchange, purporting to be signed by
<persName id="t17580405-33-victim286" type="victimName"> James Goring
<interp inst="t17580405-33-victim286" type="surname" value="Goring"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-victim286" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-victim286" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-33-off159 t17580405-33-victim286"/> </persName> , beating date at Covenhen, Feb. 1, 1758. For the payment of 40l. to
<persName id="t17580405-33-person287"> James Ellis
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person287" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person287" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or order, and for publishing the same knowing it to have been forg'd, with intention to defraud </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-33-cd160" type="crimeDate">Feb. 7</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-33-off159 t17580405-33-cd160"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person288"> Robert Nowell
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person288" type="surname" value="Nowell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person288" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Saturday, the 14th of February last, the prisoner at the bar came to Mr.
<persName id="t17580405-33-person289"> Thomas Richford
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person289" type="surname" value="Richford"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person289" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, a peruke maker in Blossom's inn-yard, in a post-chaise with one Mr. Tindal. I was then shaving; he appeared to me to be just come to town. Mr. Richford went out of his shop to welcome Mr. Tindal to town; he took the prisoner to be Mr. Tindal's friend: after I had been shav'd, I went into the kitchen, (I lodg'd there) where was Mr. Tindal and the prisoner at the bar. Mr. Tindal soon went out, the prisoner staid there relating to Mr. Richford their travel on the road; after that he said to the maid, pray shew me my lodging, which she did; about a quarter of an hour after he return'd to the kitchen, and made no stay but went out of the house. I saw his things unpack'd; some linen and wearing apparel. On Sunday the 5th, while I was at breakfast in the kitchen, I saw Mr. Tindal and he go out together: I saw no more of him till as breakfast the day after about nine o'clock, he had been out all night. After he had made some apologies for his staying out, he went to his room, I went to mine; the maid was making my bed. She said the captain, meaning the prisoner, has taken a pen out of your inkstand. She had hardly spoke these words before he return'd with the pen in his hand, and said Mr. Nowell, I hope you'll excuse the freedom I have taken in taking your pen out of your room; he perceiving some knit breeches pieces lying on the table, ask'd me if I dealt that way. I said I bought them for friends in the country; he ask'd me if he might have a piece, I told him he might, he chose out three of them, and ask'd me the price, I said eight shillings each; he desir'd me to put them aside for him. He took out some silver from his pocket, and said he had not cash enough; but I have a note upon my agent if you can give me cash for it. I told him I could not conveniently: he said I should have receiv'd this money on Saturday: but I did not choose my agent should know of my being here, least the lieutenant colonel should know of it. He ask'd, who it was best to send it by, I said a porter if it was one that he knew; he said I am a stranger in town. Then I said you had better employ a ticket porter; he shew'd me the note (produc'd in court) this is it. Pray, sir, said he, are not you going to that part of the town. I said I believ'd I might in the afternoon; then sir, said he, I should be oblig'd to you, if you'll please to take it and receive the money for me. I said I would, and took the note with me; but whether I call'd that afternoon or the next day I am not certain. When I came to my lodging, Mr. Richford told me he had receiv'd a letter from the captain, desiring to know whether I had receiv'd the money for the note, if I had to bring it him to the Five Bells tavern, near the New Church in the Strand, where I went and paid it to the prisoner, deducting twenty-four shillings for the breeches pieces; having receiv'd it of
<persName id="t17580405-33-person290"> John Colecraft
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person290" type="surname" value="Colecraft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person290" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; and gave a receipt for it. (Here it is on the back of the bill.) He reads, receiv'd for
<persName id="t17580405-33-person291"> Thomas Gordon
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person291" type="surname" value="Gordon"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person291" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , witness,
<persName id="t17580405-33-person292"> Robert Nowell
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person292" type="surname" value="Nowell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person292" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Tindall being in the kitchen, call'd him by a name which I took to be Gordon, and on my seeing some letters of the prisoner's lying on the table, to captain
<persName id="t17580405-33-person293"> Thomas Gordon
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person293" type="surname" value="Gordon"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person293" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , which he took out of his portmanteau. (The bill read)</p>
<p>Conventry, Feb. 1. 1758.</p>
<p>On sight hereof, please to pay to Mr.
<persName id="t17580405-33-person294"> James Ellis
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person294" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person294" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or order the sum of forty pounds, value receiv'd, and place it to the recruiting account, by your humble servant
<persName id="t17580405-33-person295"> James Goring
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person295" type="surname" value="Goring"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person295" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , captain of the twenty fourth regiment of foot.</p>
<p>Directed to
<persName id="t17580405-33-person296"> John Calcraft
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person296" type="surname" value="Calcraft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person296" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Channel-Row, Westminster. Indors'd on the back
<persName id="t17580405-33-person297"> James Ellis
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person297" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person297" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Receiv'd for
<persName id="t17580405-33-person298"> Thomas Gordon
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person298" type="surname" value="Gordon"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person298" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , witness
<persName id="t17580405-33-person299"> Robert Nowell
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person299" type="surname" value="Nowell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person299" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>40 00</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050029"/>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. Was not you yourself sometime charged with this?</p>
<p>Nowell. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Should you imagine if he had known this bill, to be a forg'd bill, that he would have met you at the Five Bells tavern ?</p>
<p>Nowell. From the bill I had no doubt, but that it was a fair bill; it might have deceived any man in the course of business.</p>
<p>Q. Did you meet with the prisoner at the Five Bells tavern ?</p>
<p>Nowell. I did, as Mr. Richford had given an account of.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know what regiment the prisoner belongs to?</p>
<p>Nowell. No; only by the bill, and that I took to get the money for him as he was a stranger.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person300"> John Massey
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person300" type="surname" value="Massey"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person300" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I belong to Mr. Colecraft's office.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this Bill, (he takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>Massey. I paid this bill.</p>
<p>Q. Who does this import to be drawn by?</p>
<p>Massey. By one captain Goring.</p>
<p>Q. Does it look like captain Goring's handwriting?</p>
<p>Massey. At first I did not observe it, but now I know it is not his hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Have you effects of captain Goring in your hands?</p>
<p>Massey. We have?</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person301"> Richard Francis
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person301" type="surname" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person301" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know Mr.
<persName id="t17580405-33-person302"> James Goring
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person302" type="surname" value="Goring"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person302" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , captain of the twenty-fourth regiment of foot.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him write?</p>
<p>Francis. I have.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Francis. I believe I do.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this bill.</p>
<p>Francis. I think this is not his hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. have you seen him write his name?</p>
<p>Francis. I have very often: I never saw him write his christian name at full length as here.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Q. Supposing the christian name was not at full length, is there any thing different from his?</p>
<p>Francis. I do not think it is at all like his handwriting: I should not take it to be his writing.</p>
<p>Q. Supposing the initial letter of his christian name had been here alone, should you not have taken it to be his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Francis. No; I should not.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person303"> Elizabeth Goring
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person303" type="surname" value="Goring"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person303" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person303" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am sister to captain
<persName id="t17580405-33-person304"> James Goring
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person304" type="surname" value="Goring"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person304" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Are you well acquainted with his handwriting?</p>
<p>E. Goring. I am extremely well acquainted with it: I have seen him write often.</p>
<p>Q. What is your opinion of this? (She takes it in her hand).</p>
<p>E. Goring. I think this very different from his hand-writing; I don't believe this to be his writing. I never knew him to write his name, James, at length.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any other Reason to believe it is not his hand-writing?</p>
<p>E. Goring. I believe I should not have taken it; it might have gone unobserv'd, according to his own letters which I have here, I don't think it is his hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Supposing the word James was not wrote at all, and Goring only wrote, should you have known it not to be his hand-writing?</p>
<p>E. Goring. I think
<persName id="t17580405-33-person305"> James Goring
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person305" type="surname" value="Goring"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person305" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is the least like his hand-writing of any part of the bill; the other would certainly have pass'd sooner than the name.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person306"> William Grayson
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person306" type="surname" value="Grayson"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person306" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him write?</p>
<p>Grayson. I have only once, that in Feb. 1757.</p>
<p>Q. What did you see him write?</p>
<p>Grayson. I saw him write his own name; he gave an order on the agent for the payment of money.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this bill. (He looks at it.)</p>
<p>Grayson. I can't say it is quite like his handwriting, I have here of his, (producing another bill).</p>
<p>Court. Compare them together; it appears the word place to account, in both are spelt alike, pleace.</p>
<p>Grayson. (He looks on both.) They are spelt alike, but I can't pretend to say, having seen him write but once. (They jury look at them both.)</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person307"> Thomas Richford
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person307" type="surname" value="Richford"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person307" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 4th of Feb. last, the prisoner came to my house with Mr. Tindal, who has used my house five or six years.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Richford. I live in Lawrence-lane by Guild-Hall, I suppose the prisoner asked him if he
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175804050030"/> could lodge at the same house; he had a room at my house and stay'd there about four or five days; in that time I found his hours would not agree with the custom of my house. I desired to be excused his lying there; I should take it as a favour if he would withdraw.</p>
<p>Q. While he was at your house did you receive a letter from him?</p>
<p>Richford. I receiv'd a letter from him, setting forth he should not come home that night; and, he in it, desir'd I'd tell my lodger, he expected he would send the two pieces: (which I apprehended to be the knit breeches pieces) he mentioned nothing of money in it. I remember his saying Mr. Nowell had forty pounds of his.</p>
<persName id="t17580405-33-person308"> Elizabeth Solomon
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person308" type="surname" value="Solomon"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person308" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-33-person308" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was servant to Mr. Richford, when the prisoner was at our house; he went by the name of the Captain. I was once making Mr. Nowell's bed, and the captain came into the room and borrow'd his pen and ink; he ask'd where the gentleman was that belong'd to that room; I said, I believed, he was in the shop. Mr. Nowell came up, and they stood talking together a good while. I look'd into the room again, and saw the prisoner holding a piece of paper, as if he was going to give it Mr. Nowell, but I did not see him deliver it. I remember his coming in and asking my master if he had seen Mr. Nowell; and, I think, my master said he had not seen him since morning; the captain said he had given him a no te, and he must go and see for him.</p>
<p>The prisoner was ask'd if he had any thing to say in his defence? He said he had nothing to say.</p>
<rs id="t17580405-33-verdict161" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-33-verdict161" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty of publishing it, knowing it to be forg'd </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-33-punish162" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-33-punish162" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-33-defend284 t17580405-33-punish162"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580405-34" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-34" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580405-34" type="date" value="17580405"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580405-34-off163-c253" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-34-defend310 t17580405-34-off163 t17580405-34-verdict166"/>
<p>190 (L.)
<persName id="t17580405-34-defend310" type="defendantName"> William Currell
<interp inst="t17580405-34-defend310" type="surname" value="Currell"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-34-defend310" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-34-defend310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580405-34-off163" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580405-34-off163" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-34-off163" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing, one 36 s. piece, one moidore, one guinea, one 18 s. piece, and 4 s. in money numbered, the money of
<persName id="t17580405-34-victim312" type="victimName"> Francis Cheshire
<interp inst="t17580405-34-victim312" type="surname" value="Cheshire"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-34-victim312" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580405-34-victim312" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580405-34-off163 t17580405-34-victim312"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17580405-34-cd164" type="crimeDate">March 5