<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Friday the 13th, Saturday the 14th, Monday the 16th, and Tuesday the 17th of JANUARY,
<p>In the Thirty-first Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER II. for the Year 1758. Being the Second SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of THE RIGHT HONOURABLE Sir
<persName id="f17580113-1-person1"> CHARLES ASGILL
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person1" type="surname" value="ASGILL"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person1" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe, in Paternoster-Row, 1758.</p>
<p>[Price Four-pence,]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, for the City of LONDON, and at the General
<persName id="f17580113-1-person2"> Sessions
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person2" type="given" value="Sessions"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person2" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City of LONDON, and County of MIDDLESEX, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir CHARLES ASGILL, Knt. Lord-Mayor of the said City; Sir
<persName id="f17580113-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Thomas Parker
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person3" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person3" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord Chief Baron of his Majesty's Court of Exchequer;* Sir EARDLY WILMOT, Knt. one of the Justices of the Court of King's-Bench; + Sir
<persName id="f17580113-1-person4" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM MORETON
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person4" type="surname" value="MORETON"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person4" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Recorder, ++ and others his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.</p>
<p>N.B. The Characters * + ++ direct to the Judge them the Prisoner was tried, also (L.) (M.) by Jury.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person5" type="jurorName"> William Line
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person5" type="surname" value="Line"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person5" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Joseph Pickles
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person6" type="surname" value="Pickles"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person6" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Hawkins
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person7" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person7" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Robert Hughes
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person8" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person8" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Robert Jackson
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person9" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person9" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p> Hall </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person10" type="jurorName"> Thomas Chattle
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person10" type="surname" value="Chattle"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person10" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Thomas Driver
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person11" type="surname" value="Driver"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person11" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Richard Foddy
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person12" type="surname" value="Foddy"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person12" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person13" type="jurorName"> Thomas Routlodge
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person13" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>David Jones</p>
<p>Owen Owen</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person14" type="jurorName"> am Heritage
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person14" type="surname" value="Heritage"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person14" type="given" value="am"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person14" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person15" type="jurorName"> el Slade</persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person16" type="jurorName"> George Barber
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person16" type="surname" value="Barber"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person16" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person17" type="jurorName"> am Collins
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person17" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person17" type="given" value="am"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person17" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person18" type="jurorName"> el Doyle
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person18" type="surname" value="Doyle"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person18" type="given" value="el"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person18" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person19" type="jurorName"> el Barnes
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person19" type="given" value="el"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person19" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person20" type="jurorName"> John Carpenter
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person20" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Jonathan Jennings</persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Griffith Edwards
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person22" type="given" value="Griffith"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person23" type="jurorName"> William Staples
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person23" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Richard Fitzes
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person24" type="surname" value="Fitzes"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person24" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person25" type="jurorName"> ard Gardner
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person25" type="surname" value="Gardner"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person25" type="given" value="ard"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Charles Welbeloved
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person26" type="surname" value="Welbeloved"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person26" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person27" type="jurorName"> James Edwards
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person27" type="surname" value="Edwards"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person27" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Richard Jones
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person28" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person28" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person29" type="jurorName"> John Barnes
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person29" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person29" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person30" type="jurorName"> John Hill
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person30" type="surname" value="Hill"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person30" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person31" type="jurorName"> William Stallan
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person31" type="surname" value="Stallan"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person31" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person32" type="jurorName"> David Salmon
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person32" type="surname" value="Salmon"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person32" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person33" type="jurorName"> Edward Gatton
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person33" type="surname" value="Gatton"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person33" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person34" type="jurorName"> Joseph Brownsworth
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person34" type="surname" value="Brownsworth"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person34" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person35" type="jurorName"> John Rawlinson
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person35" type="surname" value="Rawlinson"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person35" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person36" type="jurorName"> Richard Cox
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person36" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17580113-1-person37"> Patrick Gilercraft
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<interp inst="f17580113-1-person37" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="f17580113-1-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p> </div1>
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<persName id="t17580113-1-defend39" type="defendantName"> Edward Jolly
<interp inst="t17580113-1-defend39" type="surname" value="Jolly"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-defend39" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-defend39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17580113-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing silver spoon, value 5 s. </rs> the property of the
<rs id="t17580113-1-viclabel2" type="occupation">right honourable
<persName id="t17580113-1-victim41" type="victimName"> Granville Leveson
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-1-off1 t17580113-1-victim41"/> </persName> , earl Gower</rs>
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<rs id="t17580113-1-cd3" type="crimeDate">December 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-1-off1 t17580113-1-cd3"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-1-person42"> Thomas Bareless
<interp inst="t17580113-1-person42" type="surname" value="Bareless"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-person42" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-person42" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am butler to my lord Gower. The prisoner is a
<rs id="t17580113-1-deflabel4" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-1-defend39 t17580113-1-deflabel4"/>; he came to see me, and was with me in the pantry, where much plate was, from about four in the afternoon till seven on the 27th of December last. On the next day Mr Fell, a pawnbroker, came and brought me a silver spoon, which I know to be my lord's property.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-1-person43"> John Pell
<interp inst="t17580113-1-person43" type="surname" value="Pell"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-person43" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-1-person43" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to me on the 27th of December, brought the bowl of a silver spoon, and offer'd it to me to sale; but I suspecting it to have been stolen, sent my boy for a constable. Then I asked the prisoner where the handle was, who said he had it not. I charged the constable with him, ordered him to search him, and this handle was found upon him. (Producing the two pieces, deposed to as the property of lord Gower.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I found the spoon as I was coming out of the pantry.</p>
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>54. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-2-defend44" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth,
<rs id="t17580113-2-deflabel7" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-2-defend44 t17580113-2-deflabel7"/>
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<persName id="t17580113-2-person45" type="defendantName"> Thomas Tomkinson
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person45" type="surname" value="Tomkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person45" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
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<interp inst="t17580113-2-defend44" type="surname" value="Tomkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-defend44" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-defend44" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-2-off8" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-2-off8" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-off8" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one cloth coat, value 12 s. one camlet waistcoat, value 5 s. one camlet pair of breeches, value 4 s. the property of
<persName id="t17580113-2-victim47" type="victimName"> Lewis Vincent
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim47" type="surname" value="Vincent"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim47" type="given" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim47" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one cotton gown, one quilted petticoat, the property of
<persName id="t17580113-2-victim49" type="victimName"> John Rash
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim49" type="surname" value="Rash"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim49" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim49" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one cotton gown, one linen ditto, and one pair of gold earrings. the property of
<persName id="t17580113-2-victim51" type="victimName"> Thomas Pointer
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim51" type="surname" value="Pointer"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim51" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-victim51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the warehouse of
<persName id="t17580113-2-person52"> John Herring
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person52" type="surname" value="Herring"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person52" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>.
<rs id="t17580113-2-cd9" type="crimeDate">Oct. 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-2-off8 t17580113-2-cd9"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-2-person53"> John Herring
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person53" type="surname" value="Herring"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person53" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, and live in Grafton-Street; the coat, waistcoat, and breeches mention'd in the indictment were brought by Mr.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130003"/> Vincent's wife on the 28th of March last, and pawn'd for a guinea. (The coat and waistcoat produced in court.) The cotton gown and quilted petticoat, the property of Mr. Rash, his wife brought and pawn'd, the first on the 9th of February for 8 s. the other the 6th of July for 6 s. The two linen gowns and a pair of gold ear-rings are the property of Mr. Pointer, but I don't know the times they were brought. These things and many more I missed at several times; they were in my warehouse in October last, and before the month was out I missed them. Missing things daily I went with some patterns to Mr.
<persName id="t17580113-2-person54"> William Humphrys
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person54" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person54" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a pawnbroker, where I found a gown, (not laid in the indictment) which, he said, was pawn'd by the prisoner. I took her up on the 7th of December, and before justice Welch she confessed she had taken these goods, mention'd in the indictment, out of my warehouse, and by her directions I found them at different places where she had pawn'd them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know her before?</p>
<p>Herring. She used to come often to my shop with small things; she lived near me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see her in your warehouse?</p>
<p>Herring. I never did see her there.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-2-person55"> John Melvil
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person55" type="surname" value="Melvil"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person55" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mrs. Pash, a pawnbroker, in Bow-Street, Bloomsbury. The prisoner at the bar brought and pawn'd with me this quilted petticoat for 6 s. but I can't say the day; it was about the beginning of October.</p>
<p>Herring. That is the property of
<persName id="t17580113-2-person56"> John Rash
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person56" type="surname" value="Rash"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person56" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17580113-2-person57"> James Stiles
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person57" type="surname" value="Stiles"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person57" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, in Castle-Street; this coat here, and a pair of breeches not here, the prisoner pawn'd with me, and this waistcoat was brought and pledg'd by her husband.</p>
<p>Herring. They are the property of
<persName id="t17580113-2-person58"> Lewis Vincent
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person58" type="surname" value="Vincent"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person58" type="given" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Stiles. The coat and breeches were pawn'd to me on the 17th of November for 7 s. She pawn'd also a cotton gown on the 26th of November for 5 s. (Producing one.)</p>
<p>Herring. This is the property of Mr. Rash.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-2-person59"> Sarah Platt
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person59" type="surname" value="Platt"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person59" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person59" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in Monmouth Street, and keep a cloaths shop. I bought three linen gowns of the prisoner about two months ago for 20 s. I ask'd her if she was a dealer. She told me she was, and that she lived in Newport-Street, or by Newport-Market, I can't say which.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-2-person60"> Deborah Humphrys
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person60" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person60" type="given" value="Deborah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-person60" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker. The prisoner pledg'd these gold ear-rings with my husband some time in November last, on which she had 4 s. She pull'd them out of her cars, and said she bought them of a jeweller in Denmark Street. (Producing them.)</p>
<p>Herring. She confessed she stole all the things here produced, and many more which we have not yet found, from out of my warehouse.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>A woman that did work for me came when I was not at home, and left a bundle of things with my little boy, who is about seven years of age, and said she would come again with more, which she did, and desired me to tell or pawn them for her.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-2-verdict10" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-2-verdict10" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.
<rs id="t17580113-2-punish11" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-2-punish11" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-2-punish11" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="respitedForPregnancy"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-2-defend44 t17580113-2-punish11"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-2-person45 t17580113-2-punish11"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>There was another indictment against her for a crime of the same nature.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-3">
<interp inst="t17580113-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-3-off13-c56" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-defend62 t17580113-3-off13 t17580113-3-verdict17"/>
<p>55. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-3-defend62" type="defendantName"> Catherine Wells
<interp inst="t17580113-3-defend62" type="surname" value="Wells"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-defend62" type="given" value="Catherine"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-defend62" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-3-deflabel12" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-defend62 t17580113-3-deflabel12"/>, was indicted for that
<rs id="t17580113-3-off13" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-3-off13" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> she on the king's highway, on
<persName id="t17580113-3-victim64" type="victimName"> Christopher Bowers
<interp inst="t17580113-3-victim64" type="surname" value="Bowers"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-victim64" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-victim64" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-off13 t17580113-3-victim64"/> </persName> , did make an assault , putting him in fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person a silver watch, value 3 l. his property, against his will </rs>,
<rs id="t17580113-3-cd14" type="crimeDate">Dec 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-off13 t17580113-3-cd14"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-3-person65"> Christopher Bowers
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person65" type="surname" value="Bowers"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person65" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> I am
<rs id="t17580113-3-viclabel15" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-victim64 t17580113-3-viclabel15"/> to
<persName id="t17580113-3-person66"> Jonathan Crook
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person66" type="surname" value="Crook"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person66" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a
<rs id="t17580113-3-viclabel16" type="occupation">plaisterer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-victim64 t17580113-3-viclabel16"/>, and am just turn'd of twenty years of age; betwixt six and seven o'clock, Dec. the 7th, near Long Acre, as I was going with a young man, named
<persName id="t17580113-3-person67"> Anthony Johnson
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person67" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person67" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the prisoner ask'd him to give her some beer, and he ask'd me to go with them. I went with him and her to her room to drink it, we had only a pot of beer. I gave her 6 d. to change, but she would not return me the change, and going down stairs she went cross the street in Mercers street, and fetch'd two fellows, who came and knock'd him down.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober?</p>
<p>Bowers. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Was he sober?</p>
<p>Bowers. He did not stagger, and was pretty sober. I desir'd them not to use him ill.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know she brought them?</p>
<p>Bowers. They came out of a house directly with her. Then I was knock'd down. one hit him, and the other me; the prisoner stood just by, she neither spoke to the men nor me in my hearing.</p>
<p>Q. Was any thing demanded ?</p>
<p>Bowers. At first coming they began d - ning my companion's eyes, and ask'd him to give them a shilling before they struck him. The prisoner snatch'd my watch just as I got up again, and ran cross the way, thro' a house, and over a wall, and down into a cellar. I went and got a candle, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130004"/> went after her with assistance, and there we found her. I told my acquaintance she had taken my watch as soon as she took it. He went and got a constable, and near the cellar she drop'd the watch, close to my feet, in a puddle of water. We took her before Mr. Welch, where I charged her with taking my watch; she would not tell any thing of the fellows. She did not own the taking the watch to me.</p>
<p>Mr. Woodword. I am a constable. On the evening of the 27th of December, there came a young man to me, and said that his acquaintance had been rob'd of a silver watch, and desired I'd take the woman into custody. I went and found they had taken the prisoner in the cellar of an uninhabited house. I took her out from thence, but before I took her away a man gave me this watch; it was wet and dirty.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I delivered the watch to one Walgrove till I got over the wall, he liv'd at next door.</p>
<p>Woodward. That man seeing I was a constable he delivered it to me. I took the prisoner before Mr. Welch, who committed her to New-Prison. (The watch produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutor.)</p>
<persName id="t17580113-3-person68"> Anthony Johnson
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person68" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person68" type="given" value="Anthony"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was with the prosecutor at this time.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober?</p>
<p>Johnson. I can't say I was right sober. We were going home about six o'clock on the Tuesday night after Christmas-day, and met with the prisoner, I don't know the name of the street. She ask'd us to give her a little beer, I said, I would, he gave her 6 d. to fetch some, but she did not give him the change. We had not got above six or seven yards from the door before she ran cross the way, when directly two fellows came out, and one said, d - n your eyes give her a shilling; for what said I. He directly knock'd me down, the other knock'd the prosecutor down, and I saw the prisoner at him. I did not see her take his watch, but she immediately ran down an entry. I went and fetched a constable, and when I came she was out of the cellar. Then we took her before Mr. Welch, but I did not hear her own any thing.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you see the watch ?</p>
<p>Johnson. I saw it in Mr. Walgrove's hands.</p>
<p>Q. Had there been any dispute with her about money before the men came?</p>
<p>Johnson. No, none at all.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have witnesses to my character. I was coming with a young woman with me, and had a pot of beer, they ask'd to drink of it, I said they might, so they went with us to her room, and after he came into the street he wanted to be rude with me, but I would not let him, so he has swore this.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-3-person69"> Elizabeth Wright
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person69" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person69" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-person69" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner lived with me three years. I am a fruiterer. I can't say what company she has been in since that. She was just and honest to me.</p>
<p>Mr. Wright. I am husband to the other evidence. I knew her about half a year, after I married her mistress; she behaved well that time.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Was there another woman with her when you met with her?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. There was, and she went up into the room with us, but we left her there when we came away.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-3-verdict17" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-3-verdict17" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-3-verdict17" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of single Felony </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-3-punish18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-3-punish18" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-3-defend62 t17580113-3-punish18"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-4">
<interp inst="t17580113-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-4-off19-c63" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-4-defend71 t17580113-4-off19 t17580113-4-verdict22"/>
<p>56. (L.)
<persName id="t17580113-4-defend71" type="defendantName"> William Wilder
<interp inst="t17580113-4-defend71" type="surname" value="Wilder"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-defend71" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-defend71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-4-off19" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-4-off19" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-off19" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing four pounds weight of starch, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-4-victim72" type="victimName"> John and
<persName id="t17580113-4-person73" type="victimName">
<persName id="t17580113-4-victim74" type="victimName"> Joseph Fisher
<interp inst="t17580113-4-victim74" type="surname" value="Fisher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-victim74" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-victim74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person73" type="surname" value="Fisher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person73" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-victim72" type="surname" value="Fisher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-victim72" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-victim72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-4-cd20" type="crimeDate">Jan. 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-4-off19 t17580113-4-cd20"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-4-person75"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person75" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person75" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to the prosecutors,
<rs id="t17580113-4-viclabel21" type="occupation">they keep a grocer's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-4-victim72 t17580113-4-viclabel21"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-4-person73 t17580113-4-viclabel21"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-4-victim74 t17580113-4-viclabel21"/>. I saw the prisoner put his arm in at the door, and take a paper of starch from off a butt of currants. I said, friend leave it behind, he put it under his coat and I ran after him, he ran and flung the starch away. I took hold of him at about ten yards running. I brought him back, and took up the starch. This was last Tuesday.</p>
<p>Q. Whose starch is that?</p>
<p>Jones. It is my masters property, I weigh'd it, and had put it there.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>My witnesses are not here. Another man flung the starch there, and he took hold of me.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-4-person76"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person76" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person76" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-4-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I saw him take it with his left hand, and I also saw him throw it down.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-4-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-4-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-4-punish23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-4-punish23" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-4-defend71 t17580113-4-punish23"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580113-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-5-off24-c69" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-5-defend77 t17580113-5-off24 t17580113-5-verdict28"/>
<p>57. (L.)
<persName id="t17580113-5-defend77" type="defendantName"> James Bromfield
<interp inst="t17580113-5-defend77" type="surname" value="Bromfield"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-defend77" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-defend77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-5-off24" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-5-off24" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-off24" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> obtaining a pound of green tea, value 8 s. by means of false pretences, &c. </rs>
<rs id="t17580113-5-cd25" type="crimeDate">Dec. 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-5-off24 t17580113-5-cd25"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-5-victim78" type="victimName"> Gyles Dance
<interp inst="t17580113-5-victim78" type="surname" value="Dance"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-victim78" type="given" value="Gyles"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-victim78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-5-off24 t17580113-5-victim78"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17580113-5-viclabel26" type="occupation">grocer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-5-victim78 t17580113-5-viclabel26"/> in
<placeName id="t17580113-5-crimeloc27">Gracechurch-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-crimeloc27" type="placeName" value="Gracechurch-street"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-5-crimeloc27" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-5-off24 t17580113-5-crimeloc27"/>. The prisoner came to my shop on the 2d of Dec. and asked for a pound of green tea for Mr. Colebrook's house-keeper. I weigh'd it, he felt in his pocket, and said he had not money enough about him, that he'd call and pay me another time, and went away.</p>
<p>Q. Did he take the tea with him?</p>
<p>Dance. He did.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130005"/>Q. Does Mr. Colebrook deal with you?</p>
<p>Dance. No, he does not.</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of the tea?</p>
<p>Dance. It is worth 8 s. Mr. Ireland happen'd to be in my shop at the time. He went home, and in about a quarter of an hour sent his servant for me she had detected the prisoner there on such an offence. I went, had my tea delivered to me again, and the prisoner was secured.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I intended to have paid for it the Tuesday following.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-5-verdict28" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-5-verdict28" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-5-punish29" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-5-punish29" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-5-defend77 t17580113-5-punish29"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580113-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-6-off31-c71" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-6-defend79 t17580113-6-off31 t17580113-6-verdict34"/>
<p>58. (M)
<persName id="t17580113-6-defend79" type="defendantName"> Ann Gregory
<interp inst="t17580113-6-defend79" type="surname" value="Gregory"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-defend79" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-defend79" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17580113-6-deflabel30" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-6-defend79 t17580113-6-deflabel30"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-6-off31" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-6-off31" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-off31" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one 30 s. piece, twenty guineas, three half guineas, and 11 s and d in money number'd, </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-6-victim81" type="victimName"> Joseph Lawranson
<interp inst="t17580113-6-victim81" type="surname" value="Lawranson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-victim81" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-victim81" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-6-off31 t17580113-6-victim81"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-6-cd32" type="crimeDate">January 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-6-off31 t17580113-6-cd32"/>. ++</p>
<p>Abigall Lawranson. I have in New Palace Yard, the prisoner was my
<rs id="t17580113-6-deflabel33" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-6-defend79 t17580113-6-deflabel33"/>; I missed money several times: the first time seven pounds. I missed it by four or five guineas at a time, and twenty-four pounds was found upon the prisoner when she was taken up.</p>
<p>Q. What reason have you to believe this was your money ?</p>
<p>A. Lawranson. She went away on the 2d of January, and on the 4th a person said to me he never saw the house so empty before of waterman. I said, I supposed they were all gone to the wedding (the prisoner was to have been married that day. He said, she does not want for money, for I saw her with 30 s. pieces, guineas and silver, to the amount of twenty pounds. I told my husband of it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you keep a publick house ?</p>
<p>A. Lawranson I do. I had told out 40 l. for the brewer. and laid they. When he came I said to him, here you He settled his book, counted the money, and said there was but 33 l. Then I saw him it over two or three times, and there was no more of</p>
<p>Q. Where did you use to put your money ?</p>
<p>A. Lawranson. I used to put it in a drawer in my escriore.</p>
<p>Q. Did you use to lock it?</p>
<p>A. Lawranson. We always did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever had the prisoner at it?</p>
<p>A. Lawranson. No, never. We had been very uneasy about the loss of money for some time. I thought my husband had made some mistakes, and he thought the same of me, not suspecting the girl at the bar, till we heard she had so much money. Then I told her I had lost the key of my drawer, and wanted to know if any of her keys would unlock it. She said she had but one, and delivered it to me; but finding that would not open it. I returned it to her again.</p>
<p>Q. How long had she lived with you?</p>
<p>A. Lawranson. She had lived with me six months, a fortnight, and three or four days. When she came to us she had no cloaths to her back, so I let her have 13 s. before it was due, to buy her a gown. After the money was found upon her she offer'd me a guinea, and took one out of her pocket, if I would not let her go to Bridewell; she felt down on her knee, asked me to forgive her and said, before the constable, that the money found upon her was mine, and that she had taken it out of the drawer.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Please to let the money be deliver'd up to me; then I am ready to take my trial, and will give an account how I came by it.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-6-person82"> Joseph Lawranson
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person82" type="surname" value="Lawranson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person82" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . My wife told me she had missed money at several times, and we were very uneasy, not knowing which way it could go. I began to think it was high time to give over business. As soon as my wife understood, from the old man, a waterman, that the girl had got so much money about her, I thought proper to get a warrant for her, which I did from Mr. Wright, in Palace Yard. Having intelligence she was somewhere in the Mint, in Southwark, I sent the constable and a porter there to see for her. The porter returned, and told me they had found her with a great deal of money about her. I went to justice Wright, got a search warrant, and went to the prisoner and constable.</p>
<p>Q. Was you by when she was searched?</p>
<p>Lawranson. No, I was not; the constable produced the money, which, he said, he found upon her.</p>
<p>Q. Was she by at the time?</p>
<p>Lawranson. She was, and said it was my property; that she took it out of the drawer at several times.</p>
<p>Q. What was the sum?</p>
<p>Lawranson. Twenty guineas, three half guineas, eleven shillings and six pence in silver, and a 36 s. piece. She would not confess how she got the drawer open, but said she found the buroe open. The constable after this insisted upon searching her, which he did, and found some tea spoons and other things somewhere about her stockings. She at last pretended they were her mother's but afterwards owned they were bought with my money.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130006"/>Q. Did you promise to forgive her, on condition she would confess ?</p>
<p>Lawranson. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Court. Prisoner, have you any questions to ask your master ?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I will not speak till the money is delivered up.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-6-person83"> John Munn
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person83" type="surname" value="Munn"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person83" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable: I went over with a warrant in order to apprehend the prisoner at the bar, and in or near Mint Square I saw her running. I went and took hold of her, and said she must go along with me, for she had rob'd her master. She beg'd of me to let her go to a publick house, where she had an acquaintance. I said I should take her to a house where I had some purl, which I did. Then she beg'd leave to speak to the landlady of the house, and went into the bar to her. I thought I saw her put her hand under her arm and pull out a little purse, and offer it to the landlady. The landlady said, God forbid, held he hand up, and said to me, I believe here is the money you have been talking about. After that the prisoner denied she had any money; but when the landlady said there is money, for she put it to my hand, but I would not take hold of it; then the prisoner produced it to her; she delivered it to me, and I to the landlord, and desired him to count it, which he did; there were twenty guineas, three half guineas, a 36 s. piece, and eleven shillings and six pence in silver. Then I sent for a constable out of the Borough. He came, and we judged it proper to send for the prosecutor; so I did, and he came. Then I searched the prisoner, and found a silver cream pot, a pair of silver tea tongs, three little tea spoons, and a large table spoon in her stockings I ask'd her how she came by them. She said, they were bought with her master's property, and also that the money was his.</p>
<p>Q. Was you before a magistrate at her examina tion?</p>
<p>Munn. I was, and so was her master; she acknowledged the very same before justice Wright, both the money and plate.</p>
<p>Q. Were there any promises or threats made use of to induce her to confess ?</p>
<p>Munn. No, there were none at all.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-6-person84"> Mary Gumse
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person84" type="surname" value="Gumse"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person84" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-6-person84" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar, was an intire stranger to me. After the constable brought her into my house, she came to the bar to me, and desired to speak to me; she came into one corner of the bar and privately ca'd a purse into my hand, and desir'd I would take care of it for her. I said I would have nothing to do with it. and call'd to the constable to take it. Then the prisoner denied it, but the constable insisted upon her delivering it, and she produced it; at first she said it was her own. It was counted, to the best of my memory there were twenty guineas, three half guineas, a 36 s. piece, and 11 s. 6 d. in silver. I heard her own before the justice that it was her master's property.</p>
<p>The prisoner was call'd upon to make her defence. Her answer was. She did not chuse to speak till the money was delivered up.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-6-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-6-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-6-punish35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-6-punish35" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-6-defend79 t17580113-6-punish35"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-7">
<interp inst="t17580113-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-7-off36-c76" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-defend86 t17580113-7-off36 t17580113-7-verdict42"/>
<p>59. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-7-defend86" type="defendantName"> Joseph Weeley
<interp inst="t17580113-7-defend86" type="surname" value="Weeley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-defend86" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-defend86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-7-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-7-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing seventeen yards of sattin brocade, value 8 l. forty yards of silk, call'd lutestring, value 8 l. and thirty-five yards of silk, value 6 l. the property of
<persName id="t17580113-7-victim88" type="victimName"> William Neal
<interp inst="t17580113-7-victim88" type="surname" value="Neal"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-victim88" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-victim88" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-off36 t17580113-7-victim88"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of the said William </rs>,
<rs id="t17580113-7-cd37" type="crimeDate">Dec. 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-off36 t17580113-7-cd37"/>.* </p>
<p>William Neal. I live in
<placeName id="t17580113-7-crimeloc38">Bedford-street, Covent-Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="Bedford-street, Covent-Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-off36 t17580113-7-crimeloc38"/>. I am a
<rs id="t17580113-7-viclabel39" type="occupation">silk mercer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-victim88 t17580113-7-viclabel39"/>. The prisoner was my
<rs id="t17580113-7-deflabel40" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-defend86 t17580113-7-deflabel40"/>, in the capacity of a
<rs id="t17580113-7-deflabel41" type="occupation">journeyman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-defend86 t17580113-7-deflabel41"/>. He lived with me about three quarters of a year. I believe he went away the latter end of August last. He was taken up for some other fact, by which means this came out. I had missed goods, but could not charge him or any body else with taking them, but then I had not missed these particular goods that are mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<p>Q. When was he taken up?</p>
<p>Neal. I believe it was some time in October last. He being in Newgate, and distressed for money, sent this letter ( producing one) which was intercepted, and Mr. Fielding sent for me; and I knowing it to be the prisoner's hand-writing, he delivered it to me. It is directed to Mr. Coyde, and is to this purport, '' Please to let the bearer have '' that piece of silk, call'd lutestring, paying what '' you have lent upon it, and when that is sold it '' will fetch the other things which you have got '' of mine.''</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you know his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Neal. I know his hand writing very well.</p>
<p>Q. Where does Mr. Coyde live?</p>
<p>Neal. He is a pawnbroker in Leather Lane, Holbourn. I took a constable and search warrent. and went there, and found the goods mention'd in the indictment, that is, forty yards of silk, call'd lutestring, between seventeen and eighteen yards of sattin Brocade, and about thirty-five yards of figur'd silk, my property, which I must have lost between Nov. 1756, and Oct. 1757. I took up her Coyde for having these things in his custody, imagining he knew them to have been stolen.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130007"/>Q. from prisoner. Did not you trust me with your effects to a great value, and also to carry out goods to shew to customers?</p>
<p>Neal. To be sure I did, and with bills to receive perhaps 500 l. at a time, for what I know, or more.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Did not I bring them to account?</p>
<p>Neal. Every thing of that sort, as I thought then.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Whether you did not trust me with two thousand pounds worth of goods at a time to carry out to customers ?</p>
<p>Neal. I have a great many thousand pounds worth of goods in my shop, but he could not take out two thousand pounds worth at one time.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever send the prisoner with any goods to pawn?</p>
<p>Neal. No, I never did.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-7-person89"> William Bowyer
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person89" type="surname" value="Bowyer"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person89" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person89" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am journeyman to Mr. Coyde, a pawnbroker in Leather Lane.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you lived with him?</p>
<p>Bowyer. Five years.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner?</p>
<p>Bowyer. I have known him about three years, ever since he used to come to our house.</p>
<p>Q. Did he use to come frequently?</p>
<p>Bowyer. He did.</p>
<p>Q. What did he use to bring to your house?</p>
<p>Bowyer. He has pawn'd silks.</p>
<p>Q. When ?</p>
<p>Bowyer. About two years ago. The first time of his coming was with some stuffs, and silk with it.</p>
<p>Q. Who took them in?</p>
<p>Bowyer. My master and
<persName id="t17580113-7-person90"> I.
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person90" type="given" value="I."/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person90" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ( Some pieces of silk produced, he takes up a price ) This I took in of the prisoner on the 17th of February last in the evening.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Look at this piece?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Here is about thirty-five yards of it, it is my property.</p>
<p>Bowyer. Here is another piece which the prisoner brought at the same time, and had 7 l. on them both (taking another piece in his hand. ) He has sometimes brought pieces and took others out, and used to have about 4 l. or 5 l. at a time.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ask him any questions how he came by them?</p>
<p>Bowyer. Yes, he said he dealt among his friends and acquaintance, that he was going to marry a lady, and then his father would set him up; he said he had bought them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know where he lived at that time?</p>
<p>Bowyer. No, I did not. When he brought the silk he said, he should be arrested if he had not the money that he had contracted for to pay for them.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Please to inquire what he swore before justice Fielding.</p>
<p>Court. We'll inquire into that presently.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-7-person91"> William Ward
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person91" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person91" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Coyde, I am his apprentice, and have been for above three years. I have known the prisoner about two years, I have seen him several times at our shop, and was present when two pieces were taken in for 7 l. one night, and about the 16th of July he had on silk and stuff together 14 l.</p>
<p>Bowyer. There was a parcel he pawned with as before he went to live with Mr Neal.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-7-person92"> John Nichols
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person92" type="surname" value="Nichols"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person92" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-7-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, I had a warrant from justice Fielding, and went to Mr. Coyde's house with Mr. Neal. I had the letter that the prisoner directed to Mr. Coyde, I produced it, and said, I was come for a piece of silk. Mr. Coyde told me he would not let me have it. He said he did not understand carrying on any correspondence with Mr. Weeley in Newgate. Mr. Neal was without a little way from the door, I step'd to him, and told him what he said. Mr. Neal went in with me. When we said we had got a search warrant, Mr. Coyde said he would go and fetch the silk down, and went and brought down several pieces. (The pieces here produced )</p>
<p>Q. Where is Mr. Coyde ?</p>
<p>Bowyer. He was at home this morning?</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>Mr. Neal employ'd me to act in his absence, and has several times trusted me with several quantities of goods, and great sums of money. These good, here are privately minuted down, but I never brought them to an account. I have at divers times taken silks and pledged them for my own present necessity, till my wages came to be due, and I have taken others in their room, and brought them home to keep up my credit. I intended to have returned every thing that I am charged with. Mr. Neal wrote to my friends for my general character, and I had the best of characters. I have lived with Mess. Wood and Co. in Chandois-street. I came from Warwickshire.</p>
<p>As the prisoner refer'd to the examination of Bowyer before justice Fielding, it was read in court to this purport, '' That he had been servant to Mr.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130008"/> '' Coyde five years, and had known the prisoner '' about three, who told him he was journeyman to '' Mess. Wood and Co. in Chandois-street; that '' he pawn'd at different times silks and stuffs, and '' that he had heard his master Coyde say he was '' afraid the silks belong'd to his master, and that '' he knew well the prisoner's person, having frequently '' seen him at his master's shop, where he '' was very familiar, 'and that he asked Mr. Coyde '' to come there to see him.''</p>
<rs id="t17580113-7-verdict42" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-7-verdict42" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17580113-7-punish43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-7-punish43" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-7-defend86 t17580113-7-punish43"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-8">
<interp inst="t17580113-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580113-8" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-8-off44-c82" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-8-defend94 t17580113-8-off44 t17580113-8-verdict48"/>
<p>60. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-8-defend94" type="defendantName"> John Craven
<interp inst="t17580113-8-defend94" type="surname" value="Craven"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-defend94" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-defend94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-8-off44" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-8-off44" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-off44" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 4 s. in money number'd </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17580113-8-victim95" type="victimName"> Richard Whitley
<interp inst="t17580113-8-victim95" type="surname" value="Whitley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-victim95" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-victim95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-8-off44 t17580113-8-victim95"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-8-cd45" type="crimeDate">December 6</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-8-off44 t17580113-8-cd45"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580113-8-person96"> Richard Whitley
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person96" type="surname" value="Whitley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person96" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17580113-8-viclabel46" type="occupation">I keep a publick house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-8-victim95 t17580113-8-viclabel46"/> in
<placeName id="t17580113-8-crimeloc47">Chandois Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-crimeloc47" type="placeName" value="Chandois Street"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-crimeloc47" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-8-off44 t17580113-8-crimeloc47"/>. The prisoner came to my house, about five or six in the evening, on the 6th of December; he sent for me out of another room, and wanted to speak with me. When I came to him he desired to know if I had got a horse to left to a gentleman of his acquaintance. I said, I had not. Then he desired me to make him six pennyworth of brandy and water. While I was about to do it he went out into the street, came in again, and desired to know if I could give him silver for a guinea. I was then at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body in your house at the time?</p>
<p>Whitley. There were several people. I took out some silver from the till, and was telling it over on the bar. He said, lend me 4 s and 6 d. and immediately took up some money from the bar; I don't know whether he took more or less, but I suppose he took what he ask'd for, and went out of the house directly. I had not counted it over, if I had I should have known what he had taken.</p>
<p>Q. Did you agree to lend it to him?</p>
<p>Whitley. No, I did not; he had taken it, and was gone before I could get up the rest of my money, or speak a word to him about it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He said to me, Mr. Brown the butcher is in the next room, will not you go in and see him? Please to ask him that.</p>
<p>Whitley to the question. That was before he ask'd me to change a guinea. I had seen him with Mr. Brown before several times, and at first I thought he was come to him.</p>
<p>Q. Did he produce a guinea?</p>
<p>Whitley. I saw no guinea he had.</p>
<p>Q. Was you acquainted with the prisoner before this?</p>
<p>Whitley. No, I was not.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner?</p>
<p>Whitley. I can't tell what he is; he used to go very gay.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Whether or no you have not frequently brought a silver tankard to the door, and trusted me to drink out of it at night time?</p>
<p>Whitley. If Mr. Brown was with him, to be sure I would have trusted him with any thing. I don't know that ever I trusted the prisoner alone with a tankard.</p>
<p>Q. When did you take the prisoner up?</p>
<p>Whitley. He was not taken up on my account, but on some other, and committed on the 9th of December.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Has any body desired you to prosecute me ?</p>
<p>Whitley. No. I was told the prisoner was a very bad man, and I should do justice to the publick if I did do it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had a porter to send for some things of mine, and I wanted change for a guinea; so I desired him to lend me 4 s. and 6 d. for the porter to carry with him. I took it, and went away, having some business with a gentleman, and did not come back again. I did not in the least suspect but what he would credit me.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-8-person97"> Francis Gwyn
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person97" type="surname" value="Gwyn"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person97" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner seven years; he is a customer to me.</p>
<p>Q. What trade are you of?</p>
<p>Gwyn. I am a peruke maker.</p>
<p>Q. Where did the prisoner live?</p>
<p>Gwyn. He lived most of the time in Southampton-Street.</p>
<p>Q. Was he a house-keeper?</p>
<p>Gwyn. He was; it was a tavern I think they call'd it; there were grapes hung out at the door.</p>
<p>Q. What has been his general character?</p>
<p>Gwyn. He dealt with me, and paid me very honestly for every thing that I did for him.</p>
<p>Q. What character have you heard of him?</p>
<p>Gwyn. I have heard that he was a person that played a little, but I never inquired into his character.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-8-person98"> Daniel Rafferty
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person98" type="surname" value="Rafferty"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person98" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-8-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live on Saffron-Hill, and am a chair maker. I have known him sixteen years, and more: he once work'd in the same shop as I did.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130009"/>Q. When was this ?</p>
<p>Rafferty. It is some years ago. He has come to my master where I work, bought goods, and paid honestly for them; and so he has of me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you use to see him frequently?</p>
<p>Rafferty. I used to see him may be once or twice in a year.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character ?</p>
<p>Rafferty. I was quite at a distance from him; I heard he paid his way very well.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-8-verdict48" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-8-verdict48" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-8-punish49" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-8-punish49" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-8-defend94 t17580113-8-punish49"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-9">
<interp inst="t17580113-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580113-9" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-9-off51-c87" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend100 t17580113-9-off51 t17580113-9-verdict53"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-9-off51-c88" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend102 t17580113-9-off51 t17580113-9-verdict53"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-9-off51-c89" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend104 t17580113-9-off51 t17580113-9-verdict53"/>
<p>61. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-9-defend100" type="defendantName"> Jane Widderington
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend100" type="surname" value="Widderington"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend100" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend100" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-9-deflabel50" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend100 t17580113-9-deflabel50"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend102 t17580113-9-deflabel50"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend104 t17580113-9-deflabel50"/>, was indicted for that
<rs id="t17580113-9-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-9-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> she, on the king's highway, on Ann, wife of
<persName id="t17580113-9-defend102" type="defendantName"> Richard Coulter
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend102" type="surname" value="Coulter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend102" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did make an assault, putting her in corporal fear and danger of her life, and stealing from her person 6 s. and 6 d. in money number'd </rs>, the money of the said Richard,
<rs id="t17580113-9-cd52" type="crimeDate">January 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-off51 t17580113-9-cd52"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580113-9-defend104" type="defendantName"> Ann Coulter
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend104" type="surname" value="Coulter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend104" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-defend104" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in Little Paulin-Street, Hanover-Square, and sell old cloaths. On Wednesday was se'n-night, at about seven at night, I was at the end of Field-Lane, by the One Tun alehouse, buying a rabbit, after I had been and sold my things.</p>
<p>Q. Where had you sold your things?</p>
<p>A. Coulter. To a Jew in the street; there came the prisoner and a little woman, who was big-belly'd, and stood very near me; they said nothing to me nor I to them. I took out my money, paid six-pence for the rabbit, and put the rest in my pocket again.</p>
<p>Q. How much money had you?</p>
<p>A. Coulter. I had six shillings and six-pence, and some halfpence. Then I went up Holbourn, and they followed me. I crossed the way, near Hatton-Garden end, and went on the left-hand side of the way; they still following me, I asked the prisoner what she followed me for? She said, I don't follow you, I am about my business. I asked her what her business was? She said she was a woman of the town I said, have you no other way to get your bread? She said, no. I said, how long have you been in this way She said, almost twelve months. I recommended to her to get a basket, and attend the market as a basket-woman. She said she had not a halfpenny in the world, and had not broke her fast all day; the other little body being very big with-child, I told her she had better apply to the parish in her circumstances, being seemingly destitute of every thing. The prisoner asked me to give her a draught of beer. I went into a publick-house, call'd for a pint of beer, and gave it to them.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this house?</p>
<p>A. Coulter. It is a pretty way up Holbourn. I took out my money to pay for the beer, when I had four shillings and a half crown besides the halfpence. We all three came out of the house together, after I had paid for the beer. As soon as we were out at the door the prisoner flew at me, and said, you b - h, give me the money, for you have pick'd up a cull, and it is mine.</p>
<p>Q. What company was there in that house when you was there?</p>
<p>A. Couter. We were in the front room, at the fire place, where were several people. She held my hand, got her other hand to my pocket, and took out my money. I held her as well as I could, and never let her go 'till the people came to my assistance. The other went off: I never saw any more of her. I had a great mob about me, and a constable, named Field, came out of a house hard by, and secured her; and when we ask'd her for the money, she said a man without a hat had taken some of the money out of her hand.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner before?</p>
<p>A. Coulter. I never saw her before that night to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. Did a man speak to either of you in the street?</p>
<p>A. Coulter. No; no man spake to either of us all the way we came along.</p>
<p>Q. What was the sign at that publick house?</p>
<p>A. Coulter. I don't know.</p>
<p>Prisoner. She paid for the beer, and had her money in her hand; there was a country-man came along with her, and talk'd to her all the way.</p>
<p>A. Coulter. The prisoner never made mention of a man being with us, neither there or at the justice's; it is all false.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-9-person105"> David Field
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person105" type="surname" value="Field"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person105" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a beadle of St. Giles's, I was coming along my division that night, and went and spoke with my constable; while I was in at the Castle and Faulcon in Holbourn, betwixt eight and nine o'clock, there being a great noise in the street, I went out, where was the prosecutrix crying, who said she was rob'd. I ask'd who had rob'd her, she said that woman (meaning the prisoner) I said of what, she said of all her money, which was 6 s. and 6 d. I took hold of the prisoner, and had her before justice Welch, Who order'd her to be search'd; she said she had no money, but I found two shillings and a penny wrap'd up in an old dirty cap. I said to the prisoner you told me you had no money, how came you by this; she said that was part of the money she rob'd the other
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130010"/> woman of. She had concealed it under her arm pit. The justice order'd her to the Round-house, and next day he order'd her to be brought before him again. He then took down the prosecutrix's affidavit, and sent me to look for her husband; he is a taylor. The prisoner also sign'd her own confession The justice bid me take notice of it, she made a mark I saw also Mr. Welch sign it, who read it over to her two or three times, and told her the consequence of it, and she seemed to understand it well; she agreed to every thing, only this, she said she knock'd the money out of the prosecutrix's hand as she was in the street, and took it up; and a man that was there took part of it from her.</p>
<p>The Confession is read in Court.</p>
<p>The purport of it was: That being charged upon the oath of
<persName id="t17580113-9-person106"> Ann Coulter
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person106" type="surname" value="Coulter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person106" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , said she saw the said
<persName id="t17580113-9-person107"> Ann Coulter
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person107" type="surname" value="Coulter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person107" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-person107" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , near Holbourn Bridge, and admits the account given by the said Coulter to be true; and that she and a big-belly'd woman did follow her to the Six Canns, a publick house in Holbourn; That she desired her to quit that way of life she was in, that she saw her pull out her money, and followed her into the street, and there told her she might give her some of it; that Coulter answer'd, what should I give you my money for, that the said Coulter struck her, and in the scuffle the money flew out of her hand, that she took up four shillings of it, and a man took two shillings of it from her, and the officer took the other two shillings.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>When she had hit me three or four times, I hit her again, and knock'd the money out of her hand. I pick'd up four shillings, and a man came and took some of it out of my hand; the other two shillings were my own. I have been about seven months from Maidstone in Kent, but was born at Liverpool in Lancashire. My friends are come up from thence, and have liv'd ten years in Old-street-square. I am but seventeen years of age.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-9-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-9-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-9-verdict53" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of single Felony </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-9-punish54" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-9-punish54" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend100 t17580113-9-punish54"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend102 t17580113-9-punish54"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-9-defend104 t17580113-9-punish54"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-10">
<interp inst="t17580113-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-10-off55-c93" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-10-defend109 t17580113-10-off55 t17580113-10-verdict58"/>
<p>62. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-10-defend109" type="defendantName"> Christopher Bagdurf
<interp inst="t17580113-10-defend109" type="surname" value="Bagdurf"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-defend109" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-defend109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-10-off55" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-10-off55" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-off55" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty four linen shirts, value 20 l. thirty-two pair of cotton and thread stockings, value 50 s. three pair of cloth breeches, value 3 s and one linen frock, value 2 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17580113-10-victim111" type="victimName"> William Williams
<interp inst="t17580113-10-victim111" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-victim111" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-victim111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-10-off55 t17580113-10-victim111"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-10-cd56" type="crimeDate">December 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-10-off55 t17580113-10-cd56"/> ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-10-person112"> William Williams
<interp inst="t17580113-10-person112" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-person112" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I lost the goods mention'd in the indictment from on board an Indiaman. The prisoner ran away from the Dutch settlement in Batavia, and came on board the ship I belong to.</p>
<p>Q. What ship is that ?</p>
<p>Williams. The Oxford; she lay at
<placeName id="t17580113-10-crimeloc57">Blackwall</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-crimeloc57" type="placeName" value="Blackwall"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-crimeloc57" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-10-off55 t17580113-10-crimeloc57"/>.</p>
<p>Q. How long had he been on board that ship?</p>
<p>Williams. Fourteen months. I came to London, and sent for my box, which I had left lock'd with all the cloaths in it, and when it came there was nothing in it. I inquired of the boatswain's boy, who told me he had seen the prisoner with some of my cloaths.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss them?</p>
<p>Williams. On the 3d or 4th of December last. I met with the prisoner at the Hamburgh-Arms. on Tower-Hill, with my frock, a waistcoat, a shirt, and a pair of stockings on. I charged him. He told me not to make a noise, and said he had got some other things of mine upstairs (the frock and stockings produced in court, and deposed to) and delivered one pair of breeches to me. He got away from me that time, and I have never seen the waistcoat nor shirt since. He told me he did not know any thing of the rest of them, and said a Dutchman, that is gone for a soldier, he thought had them; that the boatswain's boy lent him these things to come to London in, and the other things he found in the Dutchman's hamack. (A coat, waistcoat, and four pieces of cotton produced in court.) These he delivered to the boatswain's boy, who delivered them to me. I never saw him 'till last Friday was seven-night, when I secured him, and carried him before a justice of the peace. He said he found all the goods in the hamack, and delivered some of them to the boatswain's boy.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-10-person113"> Joseph Medley
<interp inst="t17580113-10-person113" type="surname" value="Medley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-person113" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-10-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came home in the ship which I did. I received this coat from the prisoner (taking it up.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. That is my coat.</p>
<p>Medley. I received also a blue silk waistcoat, (taking it up. )</p>
<p>Prosecutor. That also is mine.</p>
<p>Medley. The prosecutor left his chest in my care, but I can't say whether it was lock'd or not; neither do I know what goods were in it. I heard the prisoner had got some of his things, so I desired he'd let me have them, and he gave me these things.</p>
<p>Q. Did he give them to you as Williams's goods ?</p>
<p>Medley. He did, and said that Williams gave them to the Dutchman that is gone for a soldier, (whom we call'd the Sech Roterdamer) to put in his
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130011"/> chest, his chest being full, and the Scotch Roterdamer delivered them to him.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The Dutchman that is gone for a soldier told me he would give me his hamack if I would take care of these things for him, so I took them under my care. When I found they were the prosecutor's property I delivered them to the boy; but having no cloaths I said I'd put on the frock, waistcoat, and shirt, and deliver them when I saw him again.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-10-verdict58" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-10-verdict58" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-10-punish59" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-10-punish59" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-10-defend109 t17580113-10-punish59"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-11">
<interp inst="t17580113-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580113-11" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-11-off61-c97" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-defend114 t17580113-11-off61 t17580113-11-verdict65"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-11-off61-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-defend115 t17580113-11-off61 t17580113-11-verdict65"/>
<p>63, 64. M.
<persName id="t17580113-11-defend114" type="defendantName">
<persName id="t17580113-11-defend115" type="defendantName"> Phineas Ray
<interp inst="t17580113-11-defend115" type="surname" value="Ray"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-defend115" type="given" value="Phineas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-defend115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Elizabeth his
<rs id="t17580113-11-deflabel60" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-defend114 t17580113-11-deflabel60"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-defend114" type="surname" value="his"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-defend114" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-defend114" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-11-off61" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-11-off61" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-off61" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing nine hempen sacks, value 9 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-11-victim117" type="victimName"> William Hunt
<interp inst="t17580113-11-victim117" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-victim117" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-victim117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-off61 t17580113-11-victim117"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-11-cd62" type="crimeDate">Dec. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-off61 t17580113-11-cd62"/>. *</p>
<p>William Hunt.
<rs id="t17580113-11-viclabel63" type="occupation">I keep a wharf in St. Catherine's</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-victim117 t17580113-11-viclabel63"/>, by the Tower, where flour is brought, and lies for a market. When it is sold, we send it out in carts. Since the 20th of July we have lost eleven sacks full of flour from the wharf, at different times. On the 15th of December I was alarm'd by the dog in the house, at about two in the morning; the watchman call'd to us to come down, and said they had taken a thief. I went down, and they had got the man at the bar in custody. We saw a boat just under the wharf, with a pair of sculls in her. Whatever is stole must be carried off by water, for we are lock'd up forwards. We found a coat lying upon the sacks on the wharf, which the prisoner denied being his coat, but the justice ordered him to put it on, and it fitted him very well. He was committed to New-Prison, and a search warrant granted to search his house. I was not there, but the constable brought a parcel of sacks, which he said he found there; they are here in court.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you see his wife first?</p>
<p>Hunt. Not till we were before the justice.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Where-abouts is your wharf?</p>
<p>Hunt. It is betwixt Irongate and St. Catherine's.</p>
<p>Q. In case any thing is lost are you responsible for it?</p>
<p>Hunt. I have paid for several things that have been lost.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the marks of the sacks that were lost since July ?</p>
<p>Hunt. I do.</p>
<p>Q. How were they mark'd ?</p>
<p>Hunt. One was mark'd H. H. two I. C. F. two E. T. one I. F. two W. D. two S. W. and one J. Bell. There is a factor in town that sells the flour, his name is Walton.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner taken ?</p>
<p>Hunt. No, they had him in custody first.</p>
<p>Q. What number of sacks were there on the wharf ?</p>
<p>Hunt. There were twenty-two sacks, they lay eleven high.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person118"> John Roberts
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person118" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person118" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am Mr. Hunt's housekeeper. I saw the man at the bar, on the 15th of December, about two in the morning, standing by the side of the tier of flour. I went and call'd the watchman, and when we came, he had got on the top of the flour, where we took him. There was a boat made last to a lighter, close by the wharf, with two sculls in her. I found a coat very near where the prisoner was, laid down on the sacks of flour. We took him before the justice, and had a warrant granted to search his house. I was a the searching it. We found one sack nail'd up against a window, and eight betwixt the bed and the bedding. (Produced in court.) I have heard my master say many times before this, that he had lost eleven sacks.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Look at these sacks.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I can speak to five of them; the others I cannot. Here is one S. W. one I. F. one E. T. and two I. C. F.</p>
<p>Q Do you swear to them from any particular knowledge, or from the marks ?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I would be understood: I do not swear to them, I say they are the marks of several dealers that had sacks lost at our wharf. I don't swear these are the identical sacks. Every man has his particular mark. There may be a great number of sacks mark'd with one of these marks, that do not come to my wharf.</p>
<p>Q. How many sacks do you apprehend to be Mr. Walton's ?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Here are two; they come in the Colchester vessels, and are mark'd I. C. F.</p>
<p>William Sturges. I am a waterman; my boat was stow'd very safe on the 14th of December, about seven o'clock at night, on the upper side of Catherine-Stairs, and the inside of all the boats.</p>
<p>Q. How near is that to Mr. Hunt's wharf ?</p>
<p>Sturges. It is about two boats length from the wharf.</p>
<p>Q. Did you row her up to the wharf ?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130012"/>Sturges. No, I did not; I was in bed. I found her the next morning under that wharf, with another waterman's sculls in her.</p>
<p>Q. What is that man's name ?</p>
<p>Sturges. His name is
<persName id="t17580113-11-person119"> Daniel Asbury
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person119" type="surname" value="Asbury"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person119" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , at Iron-Gate; my own sculls were in a publick-house, where I leave them.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person120"> Thomas Gurphy
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person120" type="surname" value="Gurphy"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person120" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a headborough. That night the horsekeeper watch, about two o'clock. I went, and we took the man at the bar on the sacks of flour on the wharf.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person121"> Christopher Gardner
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person121" type="surname" value="Gardner"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person121" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person121" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. On the 15th of December last I searched the prisoner's house, where I found a sack hanging up at a cellar window, and between his bed and the sacking I found eight more; but four of them had not the marks on them as Mr. Hunt has described. The justice had given me an order to bring the person or persons with me, in whose possession I found the sacks, so I brought the prisoner's wife before him.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner?</p>
<p>Gardner. He is a
<rs id="t17580113-11-deflabel64" type="occupation">baker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-11-defend115 t17580113-11-deflabel64"/>: I always look'd upon him to be an honest man.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think it is a mark of honesty to be found, at such an hour, in the gentleman's yard?</p>
<p>Gardner. No, my Lord; I don't say that.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>My father deals with Mr. Walton, and these sacks had been changed where I buy my saw dust and shavings.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person122"> Frances Ray
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person122" type="surname" value="Ray"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person122" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am sister to the prisoner, and live with my father, who is a baker; he deals with Mr. Walton, by virtue of which he frequently has his sacks. The prisoner has had flour in sacks from my father several times, some of which were mark'd I. C. F. S. W. and I. F.</p>
<p>Enoch Walton. I am a meal factor, and lodge my flour at Mr. Hunt's wharf. I have dealt with the prisoner's father several times; he has had several sacks with two or three sorts of marks: I don't remember any mark'd I. C. F. I remember he has had some S. W. and I. F. He has had some of me every month for twelve months, three or four in a month. We never particularly take notice of the marks.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person123"> William Storton
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person123" type="surname" value="Storton"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person123" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person123" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner has dealt with me a great while for shavings, he has sent sacks to be filled, we take no notice of the mark, but fling them on a beam, and the first that comes takes away a full one, and leaves his empty sack in the room of a full one.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person124"> Benjamin Long
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person124" type="surname" value="Long"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person124" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person124" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a publick house in the prisoner's neighbourhood. I have known him about four years. He bears a very good character, and is an industrious man,</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person125"> Joseph Dawns
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person125" type="surname" value="Dawns"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person125" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a barber and peruke-maker. I have known the prisoner some years. I never heard any thing amiss of him before now.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person126"> John Wierson
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person126" type="surname" value="Wierson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person126" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a butcher. I have known the prisoner about six years. I never heard any ill of him before this.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-11-person127"> Benjamin Ray
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person127" type="surname" value="Ray"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person127" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-11-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am brother to the prisoner; he always behaved well to his friends, and I never heard any thing amiss of him.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-11-verdict65" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-11-verdict65" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-12">
<interp inst="t17580113-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-12-off66-c110" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-12-defend129 t17580113-12-off66 t17580113-12-verdict68"/>
<persName id="t17580113-12-defend129" type="defendantName"> Nicholas Wade
<interp inst="t17580113-12-defend129" type="surname" value="Wade"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12-defend129" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12-defend129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-12-off66" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-12-off66" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12-off66" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing one cloth coat, one stuff waistcoat, and one pair of thread stockings </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17580113-12-victim131" type="victimName"> Joseph Savory
<interp inst="t17580113-12-victim131" type="surname" value="Savory"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12-victim131" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12-victim131" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-12-off66 t17580113-12-victim131"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-12-cd67" type="crimeDate">January 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-12-off66 t17580113-12-cd67"/>.</p>
<p>The prosecutor not appearing he was
<rs id="t17580113-12-verdict68" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-12-verdict68" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-12-verdict68" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580113-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580113-13" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-13-off69-c112" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend133 t17580113-13-off69 t17580113-13-verdict75"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-13-off71-c114" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend137 t17580113-13-off71 t17580113-13-verdict75"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-13-off73-c116" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-person139 t17580113-13-off73 t17580113-13-verdict76"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-13-off73-c117" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend140 t17580113-13-off73 t17580113-13-verdict76"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-13-off73-c115" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend138 t17580113-13-off73 t17580113-13-verdict76"/>
<p>66, 67, 68, 69. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-13-defend133" type="defendantName"> Thomas Clark
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend133" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend133" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-13-off69" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-13-off69" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-off69" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing ten pair of shoes, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-13-victim135" type="victimName"> Thomas Conner
<interp inst="t17580113-13-victim135" type="surname" value="Conner"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-victim135" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-victim135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-13-cd70" type="crimeDate">Jan. 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-off69 t17580113-13-cd70"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-off71 t17580113-13-cd70"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-off73 t17580113-13-cd70"/>. and
<persName id="t17580113-13-defend137" type="defendantName"> Thomas Newton
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend137" type="surname" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend137" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> for
<rs id="t17580113-13-off71" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-13-off71" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-off71" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving two pair of the said shoes </rs>;
<persName id="t17580113-13-defend138" type="defendantName">
<persName id="t17580113-13-person139" type="defendantName">
<persName id="t17580113-13-defend140" type="defendantName"> Charles Gorley
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend140" type="surname" value="Gorley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend140" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person139" type="surname" value="Gorley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person139" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Elizabeth his
<rs id="t17580113-13-deflabel72" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend138 t17580113-13-deflabel72"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend138" type="surname" value="his"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend138" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-defend138" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , for
<rs id="t17580113-13-off73" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-13-off73" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-off73" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving seven pair of the said shoes; each well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.* </p>
<p>Thomas Conner.
<persName id="t17580113-13-person141"> Thomas Clark
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person141" type="surname" value="Clark"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person141" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person141" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is my
<rs id="t17580113-13-viclabel74" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>. I can only say the shoes mention'd in the indictment were my property.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-13-person142"> Mary Conner
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person142" type="surname" value="Conner"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person142" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person142" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to the prosecutor. Last Monday was se'n-night, about seven at night, I sent Clark up stairs, and hearing the water coming in, call'd him down to save some. Mrs. Burket said to me when he was gone out, there is a budget of something stands out under the boy's coat. I call'd him back in a hurry, under a pretence to send him for a halfpenny worth of snuff. He went for the snuff, and I followed him till he came home, to see if he did not put any thing out of his pocket. At his coming in he pull'd the door from the wall, and threw something down. Mrs. Burket call'd for a candle, and we went and found a pair of shoes behind the door in the entry; then I sent him up stairs, and followed him. I took up a pair of shoes from one of the men's seats where they work, and ask'd how they came there. Newton made answer, that they were a pair of shoes that I had sold the week before, and they were brought to him to have some sprigs put in them. The next morning I call'd Clark down to open
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130013"/> shop, and talk'd with him two hours, and then I sent for a constable. Then he said he would confess all, if I would not let the constable come. Then he said there were two pair up in the garret, and one pair Newton had carried to pawn the night before, and was just come back when he went up stairs from fetching the snuff, and that he had stole two pair on the Sunday was se'n-night before, which he said
<persName id="t17580113-13-person143"> Charles Gorley
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person143" type="surname" value="Gorley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person143" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-13-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> had had of him, and that he had taken four pair more. After that I went up stairs with Clark, and bid Newton give me the shoes he had taken. Newton took out a pair from each side pocket. Then I said give me the other pair you have got; he said he had carried them to pawn. The boy took 18 d. out of his pocket, and said Newton had a shilling of what they were pawn'd for. Newton took the 18 d. and went and fetch'd the shoes home again</p>
<p>Deborah Burket. On Monday night was se'nnight as I was sitting in Mrs Conner's room, I observed the boy to have something concealed in the skirt of his coat, and told Mrs. Conner of it; he was gone out of the room, she call'd him back, and order'd him to go and fetch some snuff; she laid hold of his arm, but he would not come in; he ran away, and she after him. As he came in again he pull'd the passage door from the wall, as it was open, and I saw him stoop and throw something behind it. His mistress followed him. I went, and we found a pair of shoes behind the door. The next morning I heard the boy own he stole them.</p>
<p>Clark's Defence.</p>
<p>I should not have been guilty of it, if Newton had not prompted me on to do it.</p>
<p>Newton's Defence.</p>
<p>I don't chuse to plead till I have the goods that I am charged with.</p>
<p>Court. What do you mean by that?</p>
<p>Newton. The goods are brought here against me in order to prosecute me, and till such time that the goods are in my hands, I will not plead.</p>
<p>Clark and Newton
<rs id="t17580113-13-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-13-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>Gorley and his wife
<rs id="t17580113-13-verdict76" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-13-verdict76" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-13-punish77" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-13-punish77" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend133 t17580113-13-punish77"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-13-defend137 t17580113-13-punish77"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-14">
<interp inst="t17580113-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-14-off79-c121" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-14-defend145 t17580113-14-off79 t17580113-14-verdict82"/>
<p>70. ( M.)
<persName id="t17580113-14-defend145" type="defendantName"> Jane Preston
<interp inst="t17580113-14-defend145" type="surname" value="Preston"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-defend145" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-defend145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-14-deflabel78" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-14-defend145 t17580113-14-deflabel78"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-14-off79" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-14-off79" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-off79" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linen sheet, value 2 s. 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-14-victim147" type="victimName"> John Bradshaw
<interp inst="t17580113-14-victim147" type="surname" value="Bradshaw"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-victim147" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-victim147" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-14-off79 t17580113-14-victim147"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-14-cd80" type="crimeDate">Jan. 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-14-off79 t17580113-14-cd80"/>. +.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-14-person148"> Elizabeth Bradshaw
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person148" type="surname" value="Bradshaw"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person148" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person148" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband is named
<persName id="t17580113-14-person149"> John Bradshaw
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person149" type="surname" value="Bradshaw"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person149" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person149" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was a
<rs id="t17580113-14-deflabel81" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-14-defend145 t17580113-14-deflabel81"/> to me, when I was a widow; she came to see a lodger of mine, about two months after she left my service, and staid about an hour.</p>
<p>Q. When was it she came?</p>
<p>E. Bradshaw. Last Wednesday was se'n-night; that night I missed a sheet from off the children's bed, when I went to put them to bed in a two pair of stairs room backwards.</p>
<p>Q. Where-abouts was the lodger's room whom she came to see ?</p>
<p>E. Bradshaw. It was in a garret, over the room my children lie in. I suspecting the prisoner, took her up this day week, and charged her with it, when she own'd she had stole it, and had pawn'd it for 18 d that very evening.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-14-person150"> Mary Alliss
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person150" type="surname" value="Alliss"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person150" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person150" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to a pawnbroker. The prisoner pawn'd this sheet to me (producing one) in the name of
<persName id="t17580113-14-person151"> Mary Lewis
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person151" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person151" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-person151" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , on Wednesday fe'n-night at night for 18 d. My master's brother ask'd her where she had it; she mentioned some place a great distance from us.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say it was her own?</p>
<p>M. Alliss. She did not say but that it was.</p>
<p>Q. Did she own it to be her own?</p>
<p>M. Alliss. I did not hear her say that.</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of it?</p>
<p>M. Alliss. I believe it may be worth three half crowns.</p>
<p>Prosecutrix. This is my sheet, which I lost that night.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I took the sheet from off the bed, and pawn'd it, but the pawnbroker did not ask me where I got it.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-14-verdict82" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-14-verdict82" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-14-punish83" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-14-punish83" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-14-punish83" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-14-defend145 t17580113-14-punish83"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580113-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15" type="year" value="1758"/>
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<interp inst="t17580113-15" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-15-off84-c127" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-15-defend153 t17580113-15-off84 t17580113-15-verdict88"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-15-off86-c129" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-15-defend156 t17580113-15-off86 t17580113-15-verdict88"/>
<p>71, 72. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-15-defend153" type="defendantName"> James Willis
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend153" type="surname" value="Willis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend153" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend153" type="age" value="nine years of age"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-15-off84" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-15-off84" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-off84" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing forty yards of silk ribbon, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-15-victim154" type="victimName"> Hannah Cros-by
<interp inst="t17580113-15-victim154" type="surname" value="Cros-by"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-victim154" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-victim154" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17580113-15-defend156" type="defendantName"> Ann Davis
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend156" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend156" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-defend156" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-15-deflabel85" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-15-defend156 t17580113-15-deflabel85"/>, for
<rs id="t17580113-15-off86" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-15-off86" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-off86" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same, well knowing the same to have been stolen </rs>.
<rs id="t17580113-15-cd87" type="crimeDate">Dec. 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-15-off84 t17580113-15-cd87"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-15-off86 t17580113-15-cd87"/>.* </p>
<persName id="t17580113-15-person157"> Hannah Crossby
<interp inst="t17580113-15-person157" type="surname" value="Crossby"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-person157" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-15-person157" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . About the 3d or 4th of December I missed two or three pieces of ribbon, which were taken out at the square of the window which was broke. My maid put a pocket handkerchief to that place, and tied a string to that, and the other end to the bell. On the next night but one, being Dec. the 10th, two or three little boys were drawing that handkerchief thro' the window, and the bell rang. We went out and took two of them, but neither of them the boy at the bar. They gave us intelligence where this boy's father and mother lived; then we took them before justice Welch, and they were discharged. On the Monday following we took this boy at the bar,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130014"/> and he was committed to Bridewell; where he said he and his cousin had given the ribbons to a young girl, but we could never take that other boy. Two or three days after this the boy's mother told us she had seen the girl at the bar mother with some ribbons I went to her lodgings, and there I found about a yard of four different patterns of ribbons, all figur'd. This was in Brown's-Gardens, St. Giles's. The girl's mother said the girl had them in Covent Garden. We took up the girl, and she confessed she bought a great deal of ribbon of this boy at the bar for a shilling.</p>
<p>Q. How old is the boy ?</p>
<p>H. Crossby. I am informed he is but nine years of age.</p>
<p>Ann Davis. I am not thirteen years of age.</p>
<p>As the boy was not capable of distinguishing between good and evil , so no felony, and if no felony no accessary, wherefore they were both
<rs id="t17580113-15-verdict88" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-15-verdict88" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-16">
<interp inst="t17580113-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-16-off89-c131" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-16-defend159 t17580113-16-off89 t17580113-16-verdict94"/>
<p>73. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-16-defend159" type="defendantName"> Henry Fry
<interp inst="t17580113-16-defend159" type="surname" value="Fry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-defend159" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-defend159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for that
<rs id="t17580113-16-off89" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-16-off89" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-off89" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> he on the
<rs id="t17580113-16-cd90" type="crimeDate">30th of September, 1757</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-16-off89 t17580113-16-cd90"/>, did marry
<persName id="t17580113-16-victim161" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Paterson
<interp inst="t17580113-16-victim161" type="surname" value="Paterson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-victim161" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-victim161" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-16-viclabel91" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-16-victim161 t17580113-16-viclabel91"/>, his former wife Sarah being then living </rs>. ++</p>
<p>The Reverend Thomas Atwood. I think I have seen the man at the bar before, but I can't take upon me to swear he is the man that I married at St. Margaret's, Westminster. I am curate there. ( He produced a paper.) This is a true copy of the register of the marriage of
<persName id="t17580113-16-person162"> Henry Fry
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person162" type="surname" value="Fry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person162" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> to
<persName id="t17580113-16-victim163" type="victimName"> Sarah Walley
<interp inst="t17580113-16-victim163" type="surname" value="Walley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-victim163" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-victim163" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-16-viclabel92" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-16-victim163 t17580113-16-viclabel92"/>, on' the 31st of January, 1756. I signed the original with my own hand.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-16-person164"> Walter Douglas
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person164" type="surname" value="Douglas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person164" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was married pretty near two years ago to a woman of Deptford, whose maidess name I have forgot.</p>
<p>Q. Where were they married, and by whom?</p>
<p>Douglas. At St. Margaret's, Westminster, by the Reverend Mr. Atwood.</p>
<p>Q. Was you by at the time?</p>
<p>Douglas. I gave her away in marriage.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know her name if you hear it?</p>
<p>Douglas. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Was it Sarah Walley ?</p>
<p>Douglas. Yes; her father is a sail maker at Deptford.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see her last?</p>
<p>Douglas. I saw her on the 19th of last month.</p>
<p>Q. Was she then alive ?</p>
<p>Douglas. She was living then.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you see her on the 19th of last month ?</p>
<p>Douglas. In St. Thomas's-Hospital, in the Borough.</p>
<p>Q. Was she ill?</p>
<p>Douglas. I believe she was in a salivation there.</p>
<p>Q. How long had she been there?</p>
<p>Douglas. I don't know how long.</p>
<p>Q. Do they usually let men go to see women there in salivations ?</p>
<p>Douglas. Nobody endeavoured to hinder me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go on purpose to see her?</p>
<p>Douglas. I was going that way, and I met with the last wife's brother, who desired me to go in and see if it was the woman that Mr. Fry was married to. She told me she would not appear against him.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Atwood. Do you recollect seeing this witness before?</p>
<p>Atwood. I remember him more particularly than I do the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Did you marry him by licence or by banns?</p>
<p>Atwood. By banns. I remember that witness giving the woman away. Here is his name to the register, as a witness.</p>
<p>Q. Do you recollect his face ?</p>
<p>Atwood. I do.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you publish the banns?</p>
<p>Atwood. They were duly published three times, which is always entered in the banns book by the person that publishes them. This was three times entered.</p>
<p>Q. By whose hand were they entered?</p>
<p>Atwood. I don't remember whether they were published the three times by me, or by any clergyman that officiated for me.</p>
<p>Q. Can you, upon your cath, say you publish'd it any one of the times?</p>
<p>Atwood. I can't be positive to that, but I can positively swear they were asked, because I have seen them entered in the book. Every Sunday, after the banns is ask'd, the clerk brings me the banns book, when I put down, '' Asked on such '' a day of the month, by me,
<persName id="t17580113-16-person165"> Thomas Atwood
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person165" type="surname" value="Atwood"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person165" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>The banns book sent for, and produced.</p>
<p>Atwood. This is the original banns book. Here it appears that
<persName id="t17580113-16-person166"> Henry Fry
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person166" type="surname" value="Fry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person166" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17580113-16-person167"> Sarah Walley
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person167" type="surname" value="Walley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person167" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person167" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow, were ask'd on Sunday the 11th of January. This is put down by my hand; Sunday, the 18th of January, put down by
<persName id="t17580113-16-person168"> Thomas Wilson
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person168" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person168" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , minister; and on the 25th of January, by my hand.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130015"/>
<persName id="t17580113-16-person169"> Elizabeth Fry
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person169" type="surname" value="Fry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person169" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person169" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My former name was
<persName id="t17580113-16-person170"> Elizabeth Paterson
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person170" type="surname" value="Paterson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person170" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person170" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was married to the prisoner at the bar at Chelsea-Church, by licence, on the 30th of September last.</p>
<p>Q. Who married you?</p>
<p>E. Fry. Mr. Gardner did. The prisoner has spent my substance, and proved a very bad husband to me.</p>
<p>Q. Who gave you away to the prisoner?</p>
<p>E. Fry. The clerk of the parish did.</p>
<p>The Reverend Mr. Gardner. I can swear positively that I married this woman; here is the licence. ( Producing one. ) Here is the seal of the archbishop on it. I can't take upon me to say the prisoner is the man. There were two witnesses at the wedding. Here is the copy of the register with the two names to it,
<persName id="t17580113-16-person171"> Francis Chappel
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person171" type="surname" value="Chappel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person171" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17580113-16-person172"> George Goodier
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person172" type="surname" value="Goodier"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person172" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (producing it.)</p>
<p>[ The certificate of the marriage of the prisoner to
<persName id="t17580113-16-person173"> Sarah Walley
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person173" type="surname" value="Walley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person173" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person173" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> read in court. The witnesses to the marriage were Walter and
<persName id="t17580113-16-person174"> Martha Douglas
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person174" type="surname" value="Douglas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person174" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person174" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .]</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The woman that I was married to first went away from me on a quarrel, betwixt twelve and one o'clock one night, and I have never heard of her since. She left me a young child. I sent a letter to her parents, and after that went to her mother, who told me her daughter would never see my face more. I since heard she was gone to North-America, and after that her mother told me she was actually dead. After that I happen'd to fall in company with this woman, who was more fond of me than I was of her. Nothing would do but I must marry her, and she has intirely ruined both my character and trade.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Onosiphorus Gardner. The prisoner at the bar desired me to go with him once to Deptford, to see his wife's father and mother.</p>
<p>Q. What are their names?</p>
<p>Gardner. I can't tell that. I was there, I believe, about two hours, and talk'd to the mother very much; her daughter being gone away from her husband, and not to be found.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you inquire for?</p>
<p>Gardner. We inquired for
<persName id="t17580113-16-person175"> Henry Fry
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person175" type="surname" value="Fry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person175" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's wife.</p>
<p>Q. Did you never know her maiden name?</p>
<p>Gardner. No.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it was his wife's father and mother you inquired of ?</p>
<p>Gardner. Because the mother mention'd her as her daughter. I don't know my next-door neighbours sometimes.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-16-person176"> Nicholas Campbell
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person176" type="surname" value="Campbell"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person176" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have only known the prisoner since he married the widow Paterson.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character ?</p>
<p>Campbell. I never heard a bad one of him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear a good one of him?</p>
<p>Campbell. I heard he was a little given to drinking. The widow Paterson was a tenant of mine. After they had been married six weeks or two months, she came to me, and asked me to be so kind as to lend her husband 10 l. that she might get him arrested, and sell her goods and get clear of him, for she was afraid of being murder'd.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-16-person177"> James Hains
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person177" type="surname" value="Hains"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person177" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner ever since he has been married last.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character ?</p>
<p>Hains. I never heard any harm of him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear any good of him?</p>
<p>Hains. I never heard any harm.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-16-person178"> Henry Jackson
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person178" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person178" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a haberdasher, and the prisoner is a taylor. I have served him with goods, have known him some time, and never heard any ill of him.</p>
<p>The prisoner being a
<rs id="t17580113-16-deflabel93" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-16-defend159 t17580113-16-deflabel93"/> called his sergeant, who deposed that he behaved well as a soldier; but when he got in liquor he was crazy.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-16-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-16-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-16-punish95" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-16-punish95" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-16-punish95" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-16-defend159 t17580113-16-punish95"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-17">
<interp inst="t17580113-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-17-off97-c150" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-defend179 t17580113-17-off97 t17580113-17-verdict100"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-17-off97-c151" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-person180 t17580113-17-off97 t17580113-17-verdict100"/>
<p>74. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-17-defend179" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth,
<rs id="t17580113-17-deflabel96" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-defend179 t17580113-17-deflabel96"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-person180 t17580113-17-deflabel96"/> of
<persName id="t17580113-17-person180" type="defendantName"> John Allen
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person180" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person180" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-defend179" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-defend179" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-defend179" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for that
<rs id="t17580113-17-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-17-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> she, on the
<rs id="t17580113-17-cd98" type="crimeDate">20th of November</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-off97 t17580113-17-cd98"/>, about the hour of twelve in the night of the same day, the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17580113-17-victim182" type="victimName"> Daniel Field
<interp inst="t17580113-17-victim182" type="surname" value="Field"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-victim182" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-victim182" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-off97 t17580113-17-victim182"/> </persName> did break and enter, and two cotton gowns, value 20 s. one crape gown, value 5 s. one linen gown, value 18 d. one callimanco petticoat, value 3 s. two other petticoats, one pair of slays, value 2 s. eight linen caps, six linen handkerchiefs, three linen aprons. and two pieces of cotton, the goods of the said Daniel, did steal in his dwelling house </rs>. +</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. I am wife to the prosecutor, and we live at
<placeName id="t17580113-17-crimeloc99">Finchley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-crimeloc99" type="placeName" value="Finchley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-crimeloc99" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-off97 t17580113-17-crimeloc99"/>. We went to bed on the 20th of November last, about nine o'clock at night.</p>
<p>Q. What servants do you keep ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. We keep none at all. There were a man and his wife lodged in the house, but they went to bed before us.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see all was fast when you went to bed?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. The doors were fasten'd as soon as it was dark, lock'd and bolted</p>
<p>Q. How many doors have you to your house ?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130016"/>Mrs. Field. We have two; one has two bolts, and the other a lock and a bolt.</p>
<p>Q. How were the windows fasten'd?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. They were fasten'd as usual.</p>
<p>Q. Was there nobody in your house that night but you and your husband, and the two people ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. Yes, my three children one betwixt six and seven years old, another betwixt eleven and twelve, the other thirteen and three relations that came to see us; but my husband and I went to bed last, and arose together in the morning a little before seven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear any noise in the night?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. No, none at all The man that lodges in my house got up before me came to the stair-foot, and ask'd who was up, nobody. He said, I thought you had been washing, for here are the cloaths scattered about upon the floor.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. His name is Hapworth. When we came down, we found the window was broke, under where I lie, and the back door open.</p>
<p>Q. How was the window broke?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. The glass was broke, and the shutter open'd; the key of the door was left over-night on the inside. I missed two cotton gowns, one of which was taken from out of the room I lie in, one bed gown, one quilted petticoat, two under petticoats, and my stays.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not lock your chamber door?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. No, we left that open because we would hear the children if they wanted any thing. The other cotton gown and a crape gown, a quilted petticoat and a baize-petticoat, were taken out of a chest in the next room to where I lie. I missed a handbox with 6 handkerchiefs, 8 caps, 4 pair of ruffles, and two pieces of cotton to make frocks of, from out of my room; likewise a pair of shift sleeves with ruffles sewed to them, and 3 colour'd aprons, from out of the room they first broke into, and a shift and a petticoat from out of the passage. I could not tell who to suspect.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner before ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. No, I never saw her before I saw her in New prison with some of my cloaths on her back.</p>
<p>Q. How was she apprehended ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. She was taken up in Rosemary-Lane, as she was selling some things belonging to Mr. Coleman, who has another indictment against her for breaking his house and stealing things.</p>
<p>Q. What things of your's had she on?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. A gown, petticoat and handkerchief. I charged her with stealing them from me. At first she denied it, and said her husband brought them from Scotland. I went to justice Welch, and gave an account of what I had lost, and what I had seen on the prisoner's back. He sent for her, and going along she denied it, but at last said she would tell all before the justice.</p>
<p>Q. Did you get any of your things again ?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. I had several of them again. Before the justice she said, that herself and two more a man and a woman, broke the window with a penknife, thro' which they all got in, then opened the door, went all up into my room, and saw us asleep in bed, and that she came down and stood at the door, till the others brought away the things.</p>
<p>Q Did she confess they took all the things mention'd in the indictment?</p>
<p>Mrs. Field. She did. She said if I did not find them the other woman had them, but she could not tell where she was. I found some of the things again; a cotton gown, a petticoat, and 2 pieces of cotton, at Mr. Towers's, in High-Holbourn, and a shift and quilted petticoat, which the prisoner had sold to one
<persName id="t17580113-17-person183"> Sophia Philips
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person183" type="surname" value="Philips"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person183" type="given" value="Sophia"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person183" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , in Gray's Inn-Lane; the rest of the things she said were in Catherine's-Lane, where she lodged. There were a crape gown, a bed gown, two petticoats, two caps and a handkerchief, at the house of
<persName id="t17580113-17-person184"> Margaret Holt
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person184" type="surname" value="Holt"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person184" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person184" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . We went to these places by her direction, she going with us ( produced in court, and deposed to.)</p>
<persName id="t17580113-17-person185"> Daniel Field
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person185" type="surname" value="Field"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person185" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the prosecutor. I saw the prisoner come to our house the morning before the robbery, to ask charity.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see her before that time?</p>
<p>Field. No.</p>
<p>Q. How was the window of your house broke open?</p>
<p>Field. There was a pane of glass broke, by which means they could put in their hand and open the window, and so get in.</p>
<p>Q. Can you give any farther account than what your wife has done?</p>
<p>Field. No, I can not; I heard the prisoner's confession, as my wife has related.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-17-person186"> Martha Towers
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person186" type="surname" value="Towers"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person186" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person186" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I keep a sale shop, at the Ship and Shears in High-Holbourn. The prisoner at the bar came to my shop about six weeks ago, towards eleven in the forenoon, and I bought a gown, a petticoat, and two pieces of cotton of her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130017"/>Q. Look among these things, and see if you know them ?</p>
<persName id="t17580113-17-person187"> Martha Towers
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person187" type="surname" value="Towers"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person187" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person187" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . These are the same things ( taking them in her hand) to the best of my knowledge. I bought another flannel petticoat of her, but that I sold again.</p>
<p>Q. What did you give for them all ?</p>
<p>M. Towers. To the best of my knowledge I gave 11 s. 3 d. for them.</p>
<p>Q. What was that petticoat worth that you sold?</p>
<p>M. Towers. That was worth a shilling.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The constable and I found some things at the house of
<persName id="t17580113-17-person188"> Margaret Holt
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person188" type="surname" value="Holt"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person188" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person188" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17580113-17-person189"> Thomas Witts
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person189" type="surname" value="Witts"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person189" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. [He produced a gown, two petticoats, a bed gown, two caps, a pair of ruffles, and a handkerchief, which were deposed to by the prosecutor's wife. ]</p>
<persName id="t17580113-17-person190"> Charles Smith
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person190" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person190" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, I was sent by justice Welch with the prisoner to find out the black quilted petticoat, where she said she had sold it She said she did not know the name of the place, but I followed her. She went to the house of
<persName id="t17580113-17-person191"> Sophia Philips
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person191" type="surname" value="Philips"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person191" type="given" value="Sophia"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person191" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and there I found it I heard the prisoner say, there was a man and a woman concern'd with her in breaking the house, and stealing the things.</p>
<p>Q. Did she saw what were their names ?</p>
<p>Smith. She said their names were John and
<persName id="t17580113-17-person192"> Sarah Cotter
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person192" type="surname" value="Cotter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person192" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-17-person192" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I came from Scotland, and have no friends here. My husband is a soldier, and is now at Portsmouth, and was gone a fortnight before I was put in consinement. Cotter and his wife did not come from Scotland with me, I met with them in the house where I lodg'd.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-17-verdict100" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-17-verdict100" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17580113-17-punish101" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-17-punish101" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-defend179 t17580113-17-punish101"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-17-person180 t17580113-17-punish101"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>There was another indictment for a crime of the same nature at Hendon, but being cast upon this, the court did not try her for the other.</p> </div1>
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<p>75, 76, 77. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-18-defend194" type="defendantName"> John Hodgkins
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend194" type="surname" value="Hodgkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend194" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend194" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend194" type="age" value="fourteen years of age"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17580113-18-defend196" type="defendantName"> William Jenkins
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend196" type="surname" value="Jenkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend196" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17580113-18-defend197" type="defendantName"> Eleanor Hodgkins , otherwise
<rs id="t17580113-18-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-defend197 t17580113-18-alias-1"/>Gladman</rs>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend197" type="surname" value="Hodgkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend197" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-defend197" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-18-off102" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-18-off102" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-off102" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twelve china cups, value 6 s. twelve china saucers, value 6 s. and two china basons, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-18-victim199" type="victimName"> James Head
<interp inst="t17580113-18-victim199" type="surname" value="Head"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-victim199" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-victim199" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-off102 t17580113-18-victim199"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17580113-18-cd103" type="crimeDate">Dec. 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-off102 t17580113-18-cd103"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580113-18-person200"> James Head
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person200" type="surname" value="Head"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person200" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17580113-18-crimeloc104">Charles Court, Hungerford Market</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-crimeloc104" type="placeName" value="Charles Court, Hungerford Market"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-crimeloc104" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-off102 t17580113-18-crimeloc104"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business ?</p>
<p>Head. I am a
<rs id="t17580113-18-viclabel105" type="occupation">painter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-victim199 t17580113-18-viclabel105"/>. Last Sunday was a month the things mentioned in the indictment were stole out of our shop.</p>
<p>Q. What shop do you keep?</p>
<p>Head. My wife keeps a chandler's shop, and sells china-ware and glasses. We were out that day at dinner, so know nothing of my own knowledge of the taking them ( he produced twelve cups and eleven saucers) one of the saucers is broke since; there were two basons taken away, which I never saw since.</p>
<p>Q. Was your door left open?</p>
<p>Head. My son was at home, and the door commonly stands a-jar.</p>
<p>Q. How old is your son?</p>
<p>Head. He is about eighteen years of age. There is one of them admitted an evidence, who can give a farther account.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-18-person201"> Thomas Bates
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person201" type="surname" value="Bates"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person201" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . My mother is a weaver. I did use to live with her, and work at her business, but she being poor, her goods were seized. Then I and
<persName id="t17580113-18-person202"> John Hodgkins
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person202" type="surname" value="Hodgkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person202" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> went to sea. When we came back we went and lodged together in Fleet-Street, in Hanging Sword Alley.</p>
<p>Q How have you got your living ?</p>
<p>Bates. I work'd with the plaisterers. When we could not get us masters to go to sea we went in a hoy that traded backwards and forwards. Jenkins was not concerned with us in this affair.</p>
<p>Q. How did you take these goods ?</p>
<p>Bates. Hodgkins and I went to Drury-Lane, about two o'clock on a Sunday, about six weeks ago; we wanted some of our play-fellows to go with us to take a walk. We found a broker's apprentice, his name I don't know, and we went together to the park; and going home, Hodgkins said, TomI am very hungry, let us go and get a half penny worth of bread in that chandler's shop, the door is open. This was at the house of the prosecutor. Hodgkins went in first, and I followed him; they said they had no bread.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you see there?</p>
<p>Bates. There were the prosecutor and his son, both reading by the fire.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was this?</p>
<p>Bates. I believe it was about six o'clock. We knock'd at the counter, they did not see us at first; we ask'd for bread, and were told they had none; there were two doors to the house, it is a corner house. We went out, they came and shut the door after us, we went round to the other door, and that was open. I went into the shop, we had both seen the china, and agreed to go in for it. Hodgkins
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130018"/> came in. I took six cups; and six saucers, and a bason, all china, and handed them to him; then we went out and ran thro' a court.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any body at your going in the second time?</p>
<p>Bates. No, not in the shop. The young man was reading as before by the fire, and his father by him.</p>
<p>Q. Could they have seen you?</p>
<p>Bates. They could if they had look'd. We said we thought that was not enough. He put them into his pocket, and came back again, and I went in and took another half dozen of each, and gave them to him, and we ran away to Covent Garden with them. I took at that time a bason, but it was join'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any body the second time?</p>
<p>Bates. They were there just as they were before. Hodgkins broke one of the large saucers, and put the little half dozen of cups and saucers in my pocket. Then we went to the shop of Mr. Price, a cook's shop in Drury-Lane, and had some victuals. We asked leave to leave them there, and he said we should be welcome.</p>
<p>Q. How did you pay for your victuals?</p>
<p>Bates. We had money in our pockets to pay for that. Mr. Price thought we had the china from on board a ship; and there was a man in the shop that said he would sell them for us, if we would come to him to-morrow. We went the next day, and the man was gone. Then I went to a man with whom I had been servant, and told him we brought the china from on board a ship, but he would not buy them, fearing we did not come honestly by them; he said he hoped we did not steal them, and that he would have nothing to do with them, except I went and brought my mother to him in the morning. We asked leave to leave them there, and went home and told Mrs. Hodgkins, the boy's mother that is now at the bar, and she came along with me to my master; in the morning my master was gone out, and my mistress said, Tom, your master does not chuse to have them. Then I put them into my hat, all together, and then into her apron at the door, and she took them to her house. She put them into papers, and we went into Holbourn and sold them that same night, being Tuesday, for 7 s. 6 d.</p>
<p>Q. Who sold them?</p>
<p>Bates. She did, and gave the money to her son, who gave me three shillings and nine-pence; then we went to an alehouse and had two pots of beer, where she asked me to give her a shilling, which I did; after that we fell out, and I ask'd her for it again.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to be taken up?</p>
<p>Bates. The two boys at the bar and I went to Carnaby-market, to make an attempt upon a till, being very hungry, and we were taken up.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. What time did you come home that night ?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I did not come home till near nine o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. to Bates. Can you be exact as to the time you took the china?</p>
<p>Bates. I think it was about six o'clock. - Jack, what time was it -</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure it was the prosecutor whom you saw?</p>
<p>Bates. To the best of my knowledge it was.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Have you the person that bought the china?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Justice St. Lawrance granted a warrant to take up that woman, but the grand jury threw out the bill at Hick's-hall.</p>
<p>John Hodgkins's Defence.</p>
<p>He went into the shop and gave them to me at the door. I did not go into the shop, and was but fourteen years of age last October.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-18-person203"> John Hodgkins
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person203" type="surname" value="Hodgkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17580113-18-verdict106" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-18-verdict106" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>Jenkins and
<persName id="t17580113-18-person204"> Eleanor Hodgkins
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person204" type="surname" value="Hodgkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person204" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-person204" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17580113-18-verdict107" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-18-verdict107" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-18-punish108" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-18-punish108" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-18-punish108" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-defend194 t17580113-18-punish108"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-defend196 t17580113-18-punish108"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-18-defend197 t17580113-18-punish108"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-19">
<interp inst="t17580113-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-19-off110-c172" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-defend206 t17580113-19-off110 t17580113-19-verdict115"/>
<p>78. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-19-defend206" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Wale
<interp inst="t17580113-19-defend206" type="surname" value="Wale"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-defend206" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-defend206" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-19-deflabel109" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-defend206 t17580113-19-deflabel109"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-19-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-19-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three shillings and six-pence in money number'd </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17580113-19-victim208" type="victimName"> Francis Flower
<interp inst="t17580113-19-victim208" type="surname" value="Flower"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-victim208" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-victim208" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-off110 t17580113-19-victim208"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-19-cd111" type="crimeDate">Dec. 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-off110 t17580113-19-cd111"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-19-person209"> Francis Flower
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person209" type="surname" value="Flower"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person209" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17580113-19-crimeloc112">Jermyn Street, St. James's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-crimeloc112" type="placeName" value="Jermyn Street, St. James's"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-crimeloc112" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-off110 t17580113-19-crimeloc112"/>, and am a
<rs id="t17580113-19-viclabel113" type="occupation">tallow-chandler</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-victim208 t17580113-19-viclabel113"/>; the prisoner was my
<rs id="t17580113-19-deflabel114" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-defend206 t17580113-19-deflabel114"/>, she came to me about half a year ago.</p>
<p>Q. Where did she come from?</p>
<p>Flower. That I don't know; she was servant to the person whom I succeeded.</p>
<p>Q. Had you a character with her?</p>
<p>Flower. No, I had not. On Saturday the 31st of December my journeyman
<persName id="t17580113-19-person210"> Joseph Mason
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person210" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person210" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> told me that some person in the house was dishonest, he having several times missed money out of the drawer, and that particularly on the Wednesday before he had lost half a crown from the till in the drawer, which the apprentice was also sure was missing, he knowing what was in it at the time. I thought it necessary to lay a bait to find out the person that took the money, and that very evening, having occasion to go out, I mark'd nine shillings, three six-pences, and six pennyworth of half-pence, all with the letter A upon them; the journeyman and apprentice both saw me mark them, and put them into the drawer. I took out all the other money,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130019"/> and order'd none to be put in or taken out; this was on the Saturday night. Immediately my wife and I went from that house to another which I have in Holbourn, and left the care of the house to our servants.</p>
<p>Q. What servants had you there?</p>
<p>Flower. The journeyman, apprentice, prisoner, and porter. I was afterwards told the porter and maid took their evening walks when I was gone. When I came home the journeyman told me he had missed of that money 3 s. and 6 d.</p>
<p>Q. How came he to meddle with it?</p>
<p>Flower. I order'd him only to look at it, and if he found any gone he was to borrow some money of the maid or the porter, whom I suspected, under some pretence or other.</p>
<p>Q. Do you usually leave the till open?</p>
<p>Flower. We do; but we seldom leave much in it.</p>
<p>Q. Did the maid use to serve in the shop, or put in or take money out of the drawer?</p>
<p>Flower. Very seldom; when we were out of the way she might serve a customer.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you go away on the Saturday night?</p>
<p>Flower. About eight o'clock.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-19-person211"> Joseph Mason
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person211" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person211" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am journeyman to Mr. Flower. I missed three shillings and six-pence of the money that was put into the drawer, and borrowing two shillings of the prisoner at the bar, I found one had the mark on it which my master had made, the other had not.</p>
<p>Q. Produce that which is mark'd.</p>
<p>Mason. Here it is (producing one, which the jury look at.)</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell her of it?</p>
<p>Mason. I did not, till my master came home.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell any body of it before he came home?</p>
<p>Mason. Nobody but the apprentice, who had missed the half crown before, as well as myself.</p>
<p>Q. Did you search her pockets?</p>
<p>Mason. No, we did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I own the fact. I am a great way from my friends.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-19-verdict115" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-19-verdict115" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-verdict115" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17580113-19-punish116" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-19-punish116" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-19-punish116" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-19-defend206 t17580113-19-punish116"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-20">
<interp inst="t17580113-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-20-off118-c177" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-defend212 t17580113-20-off118 t17580113-20-verdict122"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-20-off118-c178" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-person213 t17580113-20-off118 t17580113-20-verdict122"/>
<p>79. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-20-defend212" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth,
<rs id="t17580113-20-deflabel117" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-defend212 t17580113-20-deflabel117"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-person213 t17580113-20-deflabel117"/> of
<persName id="t17580113-20-person213" type="defendantName"> John Taylor
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person213" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person213" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defend212" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defend212" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defend212" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted,
<rs id="t17580113-20-off118" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-20-off118" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-off118" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> for that Elizabeth Chetham did steal one linen apron, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of
<persName id="t17580113-20-victim215" type="victimName"> William Harvey
<interp inst="t17580113-20-victim215" type="surname" value="Harvey"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-victim215" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-victim215" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-off118 t17580113-20-victim215"/> </persName> , and that she, the said
<persName id="t17580113-20-person216"> Elizabeth Taylor
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person216" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person216" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person216" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , on the same day. to wit, on the
<rs id="t17580113-20-cd119" type="crimeDate">13th of August</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-off118 t17580113-20-cd119"/>, the same did receive, and have, well knowing it to have been stolen </rs>. +</p>
<p>[The principal not being taken the prisoner agreed to take her trial the same as if the principal had been tried, and found guilty, and her consent was recorded.]</p>
<persName id="t17580113-20-person217"> Mary Harvey
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person217" type="surname" value="Harvey"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person217" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person217" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband's name is
<persName id="t17580113-20-person218"> William Harvey
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person218" type="surname" value="Harvey"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person218" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a washerwoman, and live in
<placeName id="t17580113-20-defloc120">Clerkenwell parish</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defloc120" type="placeName" value="Clerkenwell parish"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defloc120" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-defend212 t17580113-20-defloc120"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-person213 t17580113-20-defloc120"/>. The prisoner lives in
<placeName id="t17580113-20-defloc121">St. John's-Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defloc121" type="placeName" value="St. John's-Street"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-defloc121" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-defend212 t17580113-20-defloc121"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-20-person213 t17580113-20-defloc121"/>. All my acquaintance with her is through
<persName id="t17580113-20-person219"> Elizabeth Chetham
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person219" type="surname" value="Chetham"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person219" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person219" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , who used to wash for me. I met her on a Wednesday, about four months ago, near the Pound, in St. John's Street. She proposed to go along with me to the pawnbrokers, to see if we could find any things that I had lost, I having been rob'd a great many times.</p>
<p>Q. Had she ever work'd for you?</p>
<p>M. Harvey. No, she had not.</p>
<p>Q. How was she to inquire?</p>
<p>M. Harvey. To inquire whether any thing was pawn'd in the name of
<persName id="t17580113-20-person220"> Elizabeth Chetham
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person220" type="surname" value="Chetham"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person220" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person220" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . We went to a pawnbroker in Benjamin-Street, near Cow-Cross, where the man was very cross, and would not look for any thing in that name. The prisoner said she knew Chetham used that shop, for she had been with her several times when she had pawn'd things there. After that I had some business up in Bloomsbury, with my lady Haines; the prisoner told me she had been there along with Chetham several times.</p>
<p>Q. What was this Chetham?</p>
<p>M. Harvey. She was a washerwoman of mine.</p>
<p>Q. Did she steal this apron do you know?</p>
<p>M. Harvey. I don't know that she stole it, but it was missing when she work'd for me. The prisoner at the bar pawn'd it, and said she had it of her; they were bedfellows together.</p>
<p>Q. Where is Chetham?</p>
<p>M. Harvey. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen the apron since?</p>
<p>M. Harvey. I saw an apron at a pawnbroker's shop, and described the marks of it. He took it down, and it was mark'd as I said.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-20-person221"> Nathaniel Warner
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person221" type="surname" value="Warner"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person221" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-20-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a pawnbroker, and live at the Three Golden Balls, in St. John's-Street. The prosecutrix came to my house on the 17th of September, and asked for things pawn'd in the name of Chetham, and then in the name of the prisoner. I searched about, and found an apron in the name of the prisoner. She said she knew where the person was to be found that pawn'd it, and went and brought the prisoner, as I had said I would not part with it 'till I saw that person.</p>
<p>Q. How did she describe it?</p>
<p>Warner. She said there was a mark of blue upon the hip. The prisoner said she would make
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130020"/> satisfaction to her for it. I went with them before the justice, where the prisoner confessed she came along with Chetham to pawn the apron.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember their coming with it?</p>
<p>Warner. I remember the prisoner coming once with a woman, and pledging a thing for a shilling: I believe this to be the same, but I can't prove it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The prosecutor has been shew'd Chetham, and she said she would not take her up.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-20-verdict122" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-20-verdict122" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-21">
<interp inst="t17580113-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-21-off123-c186" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-defend223 t17580113-21-off123 t17580113-21-verdict128"/>
<p>80. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-21-defend223" type="defendantName"> William Driver
<interp inst="t17580113-21-defend223" type="surname" value="Driver"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-defend223" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-defend223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-21-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-21-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing one she-ass, value 2 s </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17580113-21-victim225" type="victimName"> Caleb Gratton
<interp inst="t17580113-21-victim225" type="surname" value="Gratton"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-victim225" type="given" value="Caleb"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-victim225" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-off123 t17580113-21-victim225"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-21-viclabel124" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-victim225 t17580113-21-viclabel124"/>;
<rs id="t17580113-21-cd125" type="crimeDate">November 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-off123 t17580113-21-cd125"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580113-21-person226"> George Mackarel
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person226" type="surname" value="Mackarel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person226" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to the prosecutor. We lost a she-ass about the 24th of November.</p>
<p>Q Where did you lose her from?</p>
<p>Mackarel. She went in the fields, and in the yard.</p>
<p>Q. Where does your master live?</p>
<p>Mackarel. He lives in
<placeName id="t17580113-21-crimeloc126">Essex</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-crimeloc126" type="placeName" value="Essex"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-crimeloc126" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-off123 t17580113-21-crimeloc126"/>, at a place called
<placeName id="t17580113-21-crimeloc127">West-Thorock</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-crimeloc127" type="placeName" value="West-Thorock"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-crimeloc127" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-off123 t17580113-21-crimeloc127"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say against the prisoner at the bar ?</p>
<p>Mackarel. I don't know that he stole it, but I saw him about our yard at the time. My master has a little farm in his hands, and the man that manages it agreed with him to thresh in the barn. We gave him leave to lodge in the cow-house, and that evening we lost the afs, and never saw the man after.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know him before?</p>
<p>Mackarel. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever find the afs again?</p>
<p>Mackarel. Yes, we found her again. We made inquiry at Stratford turnpike, and about a week afterwards found her at
<persName id="t17580113-21-person227"> Andrew Guy
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person227" type="surname" value="Guy"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person227" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's house, at Hackney.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-21-person228"> Andrew Guy
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person228" type="surname" value="Guy"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person228" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar brought a she-ass to me about the 25th or 26th of November, about nine o'clock in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Guy. I live at Hackney.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him before?</p>
<p>Guy. No; he asked me if I wanted an ass, and I bought it of him.</p>
<p>Q. What did you give him for it?</p>
<p>Guy. I gave him a guinea for it. I asked him if he came honestly by it. He said it was his and his brother's.</p>
<p>Q. What did he ask you for it?</p>
<p>Guy. He ask'd me two guineas for it.</p>
<p>Q. Who did he say he bought it of?</p>
<p>Guy. He said he bought it of a woman that goes about the country.</p>
<p>Q. Do you keep asses?</p>
<p>Guy. I do.</p>
<p>Q. How many do you keep?</p>
<p>Guy. I really can't say how many, I believe near three-score. I should not have taken the prisoner if he had not came on the 29th of December with three more to sell.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in his defence.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-21-verdict128" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-21-verdict128" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-21-punish129" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-21-punish129" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-21-punish129" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-21-defend223 t17580113-21-punish129"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-22">
<interp inst="t17580113-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-22-off130-c191" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend229 t17580113-22-off130 t17580113-22-verdict134"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-22-off130-c192" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend231 t17580113-22-off130 t17580113-22-verdict135"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-22-off130-c193" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend233 t17580113-22-off130 t17580113-22-verdict134"/>
<p>81, 82, 83. (L.)
<persName id="t17580113-22-defend229" type="defendantName"> James Sleep
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend229" type="surname" value="Sleep"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend229" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17580113-22-defend231" type="defendantName"> Robert Laws
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend231" type="surname" value="Laws"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend231" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17580113-22-defend233" type="defendantName"> Matth.ew Johnson
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend233" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend233" type="given" value="Matth.ew"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-defend233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-22-off130" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-22-off130" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-off130" type="offenceSubcategory" value="coiningOffences"/> deceitfully and unlawfully forging and counterfeiting a moidore, being the foreign gold of Portugal, and not current, by proclamation, in this kingdom, against their allegiance, and against the form of the statute </rs>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person234"> William Backhouse
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person234" type="surname" value="Backhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person234" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known
<persName id="t17580113-22-person235"> James Sleep
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person235" type="surname" value="Sleep"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person235" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> upwards of two months before the accident happen'd.</p>
<p>Q. What is he?</p>
<p>Backhouse. He is a
<rs id="t17580113-22-deflabel131" type="occupation">jeweller</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend229 t17580113-22-deflabel131"/>, and pass'd for such; but I know nothing of the manner of his carrying on his trade.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known Johnson?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I have known him about two years; he was
<rs id="t17580113-22-deflabel132" type="occupation">a publican, but latterly past for a shoemaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend233 t17580113-22-deflabel132"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Did he keep a publick shep?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Not openly.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known Laws?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I have known him about eight years; he appeared to carry on the business of a
<rs id="t17580113-22-deflabel133" type="occupation">truss-maker, in Birmingham</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend231 t17580113-22-deflabel133"/>, and I was acquainted with him before I came from thence. I was here about five years before he came. I had a press in my possession, and he and Sleep made application to me for it.</p>
<p>Q. How long is that ago?</p>
<p>Backhouse. It was about two months before the accident happened. They thought they could manage the dye for a moidore, so I submitted to it. We proceeded, and struck the first impression of a moidore by a cast metal blank.</p>
<p>Q. Who was at the doing this?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Sleep and I were present.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the metal, the manner of preparing it, and by whom prepared ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. In a moidore we weigh'd eighteen shillings in gold.</p>
<p>Q. Who do you call we ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I mean all the prisoners and myself. The next was a composition of silver and copper, I believe about three grains of copper in a moidore, and the rest was silver.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this prepared?</p>
<p>Backhouse. At Mr. Laws's house, in Castle-Street, Oxford Market. After the metal was weigh'd it was melted at his house.</p>
<p>Q. Who were concerned in that?</p>
<p>Backhouse. We all four were.</p>
<p>Q. What part of the house was it done in?</p>
<p>Backhouse. In the low kitchen, in a crucible, in what we call a Dutch slove. We melted it into blanks in an iron pair of moulds.</p>
<p>Q. What size was a blank ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I believe they are to be produced. I delivered them up; they were to sit the dye, which is the size of a moidore.</p>
<p>Q. What was done next?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Then they were filed to the weight; and after they were polished and filed they were corded round the edge, and colour'd by a proper colour. It was a mixture of chymical things that made them of a high colour.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you weigh them?</p>
<p>Backhouse. At Law's house.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the scales with which they were weighed?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I believe I should, was I to see them.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these scales. (A pair of scales produced.)</p>
<p>Backhouse. I cannot be positive whether they belong to Mr. Sleep or Mr. Laws. These are not the scales they were weigh'd with: I know
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130023"/> Mr. Sleep had a pair which were in Mr. Laws's room, and the weights were made of lead.</p>
<p>Q. When you had prepared them, where did you strike them ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. We struck them at my house.</p>
<p>Q When and where did you hitch the edges?</p>
<p>Backhouse. They were done, before they were colour'd, at Law's house.</p>
<p>Q Who hitched them?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Mr. Sleep did with a file, which is what I mean by corded.</p>
<p>Q. Who was at the striking them off?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I believe Mr. Laws might be by once; but Sleep and Johnson were always by to assist</p>
<p>Q What was the manner of striking them?</p>
<p>Backhouse. The dyes were fixed in the press, and the blank la in; then there were obliged to be two or three at the sly to give the impression; that is, to give them a sufficient squeeze to do it.</p>
<p>Q. Who get generally did this?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Sleep, Johnson, and myself; Sleep and I were most in it.</p>
<p>Q Where were the dyes kept?</p>
<p>Backhouse. In Mr Laws's possession.</p>
<p>Q Who was at the expence of this ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I believe we were all at part of the expence.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you been carrying on this practice ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. As to Mr. Sleep and Mr. Johnson I was but very little acquainted with them, 'till about two months before this accident happen'd.</p>
<p>Q. How many did you make at a time?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Forty or upwards; we all had shares. I always took what was my share, and they the same. Every one put in his complement of money to buy the gold, and every one took their proportion of the money.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the dyes?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I had a little trouble on a very innocent affair, on account of a little iron that I bought, and which I was in trouble about Mr. Johnson went to put off a moidore to one Davis, and he was stop'd. After that he went to Laws's house, and told him of it; he took one of the dyes and threw it into the value, and the other they buried in the garden.</p>
<p>Q. Who first gave information of this before a magistrate ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I did.</p>
<p>Cross Examination</p>
<p>Council. You seem to have but very slight acquaintance with Sleep.</p>
<p>Backhouse. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was not you in custody before you made information?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Upon what account?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Upon suspicion of making moidores and halfpence.</p>
<p>Q. Was you in New-Prison?</p>
<p>Backhouse. Yes. A man took my dyes out of my house, and Mr. Fielding was so good as to admit me an evidence.</p>
<p>Q. Was not you charged with some felony?</p>
<p>Backhouse. No, Sir.</p>
<p>Q. What never?</p>
<p>Backhouse. No, only what I mention'd before; I was accused about some iron.</p>
<p>Q What, of stealing it?</p>
<p>Backhouse. No; it was of receiving it, knowing it to have been stolen; but it was proved that I was innocent.</p>
<p>Q Was you tried for it?</p>
<p>Backhouse. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was you at large when you made information of this affair?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Can you take upon you to say that Laws was ever present when you struck them ?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I cannot take upon me to say he was.</p>
<p>Q. Whose press was it?</p>
<p>Backhouse. It was mine and another person's that is dead</p>
<p>Q. How long had you had it?</p>
<p>Backhouse. We purchased it upwards of three years before I had any connection with the prisoners at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. What was your intent when you purchased it?</p>
<p>Backhouse. With intent to follow the button business.</p>
<p>Q. What use did you make of it before you practised with the prisoners?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I had made use of it in making some half-pence.</p>
<p>Harry Davis I am a shoemaker. I live in Hanover-Yard, near Great Russel Street, Bloomsbury. To the best of my remembrance the prisoner Johnson came on the 30th of August last to my shop to buy a pair of child's pamps. He asked me the price I told him; we very soon agreed, and he pull'd out a moidore to pay for them. Having had a good deal of trouble in taking some gold too light, I had got me a pair of scales and weights. I weigh'd his piece, and found it was within 9 d.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130024"/> of weight. I was in a little hurry, and pull'd out a guinea, and gave him in change, which he took and put in his pocket. Then I cast my eye upon the moidore, more by accident than otherwise, and I thought it look'd odd. I said, friend, where do you live, I wish this may be a good one; he said just by, and after I had ask'd him two or three times over, he said he liv'd in Chapel street, Oxford Road, to the best of my memory - pray what is your name - Johnson, said he. I sent my boy with it to get it chang'd, and to see if it was a good one. Johnson sat all the time in my shop. The boy return'd, and said it was a counterfeit. Then I asked Johnson if he consider'd the consequence of putting off bad money, and told him it was in my power to stop him. He look the guinea out of his pocket that I had given him in part of the change, and laid it down. I let him go, and he took the piece of money with him.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person236"> William Marsdon
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person236" type="surname" value="Marsdon"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person236" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . When Backhouse was taken up by Mr. Fielding's directions, he gave information against many (some not yet taken.) I went with Mr. Chamberlaine the solicitor of the Mint, and I believe about half a dozen constables (I think it was about the beginning of September) to Laws's house in Castle-street, Oxford Market. We had a great deal of difficulty to get into the house. The people denied him, and said he was in the country, but when we did get in, we found him in bed, then they said he was very ill.</p>
<p>Q. Was he ill?</p>
<p>Marsden. He might be so for what I know. We searched the house, and in a little back kitchen we found a stove, and in it a crucible (produced in court) the stove seemed to be made of pipe maker's clay.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing above stairs?</p>
<p>Marsden. These files (producing two files ) they appear to have gold in the teeth of them. The solicitor of the Mint, and all of us thought it to be gold. There was a working bench and a paper of these sort of files that had not been used.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing else ?</p>
<p>Marsden. There was something in the stove that some of them said belong'd to the melting way.</p>
<p>Q. Who said so?</p>
<p>Marsden. Backhouse or some of them that were with us.</p>
<p>Q. to Backhouse. What was that?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I can't tell what it was.</p>
<p>Marsden. We found also a pair of scales and weights. After we had searched the house, we lock'd the door, and brought Laws and his son to Mr. Fielding's. He was examined and committed, and the boy was a great deal frighten'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear Backhouse examined?</p>
<p>Marsden. I did. He gave information of a dye being hid in the garden. The boy said he could take us directly to the place, at a border of the garden. Mr. Churchman and I went with the boy, and with an old fire shovel by his direction we dug and found it in a minute.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person237"> William Churchman
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person237" type="surname" value="Churchman"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person237" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This is the dye [producing one] which we found in Laws's garden, I have had it in my custody ever since; it will make the impression for one side of a moidore.</p>
<p>Q. to Backhouse. Look upon this, and give an account what it is.</p>
<p>Backhouse. This is one of the dyes that we used in my cellar.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person238"> Nicholas Kemp
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person238" type="surname" value="Kemp"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person238" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 18th of September in the morning a person came and told me he had been in company with a woman at the Sash in Chiswell-Street, who acquainted him that a man lived there who made moidores and halfpence I went there, but miss'd of Backhouse, he being gone to my house in the Tower.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Kemp. I belong to the Mint-office. After he had given his information, we went to Johnson's house on the 9th in the evening, and they said he was gone to Carnaby-market. We went away, and came again to inquire for him, when the people said he had been in bed an hour and a half. As we were suspicious they had before deny'd him, we knock'd a considerable time, at last the door was open'd, when we brush'd into the house and up stairs, where we found him in bed with a woman. Finding nothing in that room, I ask'd him where his work-shop was, and found he was a child's pump maker. I went thither, and found some crucibles (producing them) gold weights and scales, which I have not about me, and a wooden screw press to confine the flasks together, in order to pour the metal in from the crucible, to make the blanks, ( producing it.) I found also sand for moulding, and several instruments made use of in order to make counterfeit money.</p>
<p>Q. Recollect what you know relating to Sleep and Laws.</p>
<p>Kemp. We went to Laws about one in the morning, we got in with some difficulty, and found some implements belonging to his business. The only thing I have to say about him is, that being asked before Mr. Fielding concerning the moidore dye, he own'd he did repair it for Mr. Sleep, if he died or came into any dilemma about it, and said somewhat
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130025"/> about letting them know something, if they would let him be an evidence.</p>
<p>Mr. Nicholas. I am a moneyer, and belong to the Mint.</p>
<p>Q. What is a moneyer?</p>
<p>Nicholas. One that coins money.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this press. (Produced in court.)</p>
<p>Nicholas. I did see it before at Mr. Kemp's. (He looks as it again.)</p>
<p>Q. Is it a press sufficient to strike moidores?</p>
<p>Nicholas. Yes, I think it is; I think it may be used with different dyes for any sort of coinage whatever; it is not exactly the same with ours (I am speaking of the press and fly ) but it may answer the same end.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person239"> John Coe
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person239" type="surname" value="Coe"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person239" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Here is one of the moidores which I took of Mrs. Hust's servant.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person240"> Ann Grandam
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person240" type="surname" value="Grandam"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person240" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person240" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> changed this?</p>
<p>Coe. I did not know it was bad 'till justice Fielding sent to me, he having information of it.</p>
<p>Sleep's Defence.</p>
<p>My first acquaintance with Backhouse was through Mr Laws. In regard to what he has said I never shared any moidores with him in my life, nor never made any. Backhouse has not known me above three weeks, from first to the last of my being taken up.</p>
<p>To Johnson's Character.</p>
<p>Humphry Spencer. I know Johnson; he lived in my house, and was a shoemaker.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Spencer. He behaved like a very honest industrious man, and always kept close to his work.</p>
<p>Q. How long is it ago since he lived in your house?</p>
<p>Spencer. It is about two months ago since he quitted it; he was in it when he was taken up.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see any crucibles, or any of these sort of things in your house?</p>
<p>Spencer. No, never before the search was made; I know nothing of the use of them.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person241"> Elizabeth Davis
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person241" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person241" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person241" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known him above two years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>E. Davis. He was always very honest, and kept very close to his work; I was with him early and late.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see any crucibles, or melting pots in his apartment ?</p>
<p>E. Davis. No.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person242"> Robert Taylor
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person242" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person242" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person242" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Johnson about fourteen years, and he once lodged in my house; during that time he was an honest pains-taking man.</p>
<p>Q. When did he live in your house?</p>
<p>Taylor. He went from my house about eleven or twelve years ago, to keep an alehouse; the Cock in Old-Street-Square. I have taken money of him, and I never took any that was bad.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see him last?</p>
<p>Taylor. I have not seen him these two years before I saw him last sessions.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person243"> Henry Harrison
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person243" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person243" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him these nine or ten years; he has owed me money, and paid me honestly.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Harrison. A very good one. I never heard any thing that was dishonest of him in my life.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person244"> Alexander Parks
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person244" type="surname" value="Parks"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person244" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him these ten years, and I always thought him a very honest man.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person245"> Michael Bilson
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person245" type="surname" value="Bilson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person245" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him these ten years, down to this time.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him lately?</p>
<p>Bilson. I have.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Bilson. That of a good husband, a good father, and an honest man. I never heard any thing against his character before this charge.</p>
<p>For Laws.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person246"> James Bradley
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person246" type="surname" value="Bradley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person246" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have employed Laws about two years, 'till the time he was taken up. I have trusted him with jewels to the value of fourteen or fifteen pounds. He was always very industrious.</p>
<p>For Sleep.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person247"> Benjamin Lucas
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person247" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person247" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Sleep work'd for me about two years ago.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Lucas. I never heard any harm of him before.</p>
<p>Q. Has he done work for you lately?</p>
<p>Lucas. He has within this year and half, or two years.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person248"> Edward More
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person248" type="surname" value="More"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person248" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . He has work'd for me about two years on and off.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>More. I never heard any harm of him before. After he was in custody he returned me about 40 s. worth of things by his wife.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130026"/>
<persName id="t17580113-22-person249"> John Sansom
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person249" type="surname" value="Sansom"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person249" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him these twelve years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character ?</p>
<p>Sansom. I never heard any harm of him before this.</p>
<p>Sleep and Johnson
<rs id="t17580113-22-verdict134" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-22-verdict134" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-22-verdict135" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-22-verdict135" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, ( haveing done nothing in London, but is to be tried next sessions by the Middlesex jury.)</p>
<rs id="t17580113-22-punish136" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-22-punish136" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-punish136" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend229 t17580113-22-punish136"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend233 t17580113-22-punish136"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17580113-22-punish137" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-22-punish137" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-22-punish137" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="forfeiture"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend229 t17580113-22-punish137"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-22-defend233 t17580113-22-punish137"/>
<note>[Forfeiture of lands and goods. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-23">
<interp inst="t17580113-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-23-off139-c210" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-defend250 t17580113-23-off139 t17580113-23-verdict143"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-23-off139-c211" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-person251 t17580113-23-off139 t17580113-23-verdict143"/>
<p>84. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-23-defend250" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth,
<rs id="t17580113-23-deflabel138" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-defend250 t17580113-23-deflabel138"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-person251 t17580113-23-deflabel138"/> of
<persName id="t17580113-23-person251" type="defendantName"> John Ross
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person251" type="surname" value="Ross"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person251" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-defend250" type="surname" value="Ross"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-defend250" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-defend250" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-23-off139" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-23-off139" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-off139" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver candlestick, value 20 s. one silver extinguisher, value 3 s. seven silver spoons, value 20 s. six pair of linen sheets, value 12 s. eleven diaper tablecloths, three diaper napkins, one callico bed quilt, and six cotton curtains </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17580113-23-victim253" type="victimName"> Mary Nun
<interp inst="t17580113-23-victim253" type="surname" value="Nun"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-victim253" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-victim253" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-off139 t17580113-23-victim253"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-23-viclabel140" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-victim253 t17580113-23-viclabel140"/>,
<rs id="t17580113-23-cd141" type="crimeDate">December 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-off139 t17580113-23-cd141"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person254"> William Budd
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person254" type="surname" value="Budd"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person254" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mrs.
<persName id="t17580113-23-person255"> Mary Nun
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person255" type="surname" value="Nun"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person255" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person255" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , at Eltham, in Kent. She has a house in
<placeName id="t17580113-23-crimeloc142">Villars-Street, York-Buildings</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-crimeloc142" type="placeName" value="Villars-Street, York-Buildings"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-crimeloc142" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-off139 t17580113-23-crimeloc142"/>, and the prisoner's husband and she were in it, to take care of it.</p>
<p>Q. Where was the plate kept?</p>
<p>Budd. That was kept in a cupboard in the back parlour. I look'd about, but could not find the key, and getting a smith, I open'd the cupboard before the prisoner's husband. The plate was all gone, and nothing left in the cupboard but a pair of steel snuffers. I look'd in the chest where the linen used to be kept, and found nothing but some tablecloths, a napkin and a pillowbier or two. I got a person to stay in the house while I went down to Eltham, to acquaint my mistress of it. My mistress sent me up again with
<persName id="t17580113-23-person256"> Esther Woolen
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person256" type="surname" value="Woolen"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person256" type="given" value="Esther"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person256" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , a fellow servant, to see farther about it. I asked the prisoner's husband if he knew any thing about the plate, he said he did not. I asked him if he knew any pawnbroker that his wife made use of, he said he believed he did. I took him to shew me, and at the corner of Half Moon Street, in the Strand, at a pawnbroker's, we ask'd if there were any plate there in the name of Mrs. Ross. The pawnbroker ask'd what plate it should be. We said a candlestick and some spoons, and other things. The pawnbroker fetch'd them out, the candlestick, the extinguisher, five large spoons, and two tea spoons.</p>
<p>Q. Where is the pawnbroker?</p>
<p>Budd. I have never seen him since her last examination.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Budd. This was on the 29th of Dec. at night. I having seen the things, left them there, and went with her husband to justice Fielding. The prisoner was brought there, Mr. Fielding was out, he came home in the evening, and she was examined, and own'd the taking the things.</p>
<p>Q. What did she own?</p>
<p>Budd. She own'd that the plate was my mistress's.</p>
<p>Q. Were they mention'd all to her ?</p>
<p>Budd. I don't know whether they were or not. She own'd all in general.</p>
<p>Q. How did she say she took them?</p>
<p>Budd. She had all these things in her care. The justice then committed her for farther examination. This was on the Saturday, the 30th or 31st. On the Tuesday following she was brought before the justice again, when she own'd she had pawn'd them. The pawnbroker was there. He said she had pawn'd them for upwards of 4 l.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name?</p>
<p>Budd. His name is Hibberd. I think it was the journeyman that was taken up upon it ( The plate produced in court.) These are my mistress's property.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen them last in your mistress's house?</p>
<p>Budd. Not for two or three months before.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person257"> Esther Woolen
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person257" type="surname" value="Woolen"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person257" type="given" value="Esther"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person257" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mrs. Nun. I was sent for to Mr. Fielding's, to see the linen, being used to it. There were six pair and a half of linen sheets, eleven tablecloths, and I think two or three napkins.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner there?</p>
<p>E. Woolen. She was; she was charged with takeing the things, and she did not deny it, but said she was very poor, and was obliged to pawn them; she beg'd not to be sent to prison, and said she would redeem them again, if ever it was in her power.</p>
<p>Q. What is the linen worth?</p>
<p>E. Woolen. I cannot say, it was very old.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I have nothing to say for myself. I have people here to speak to my character.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person258"> John Spencley
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person258" type="surname" value="Spencley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person258" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. I found the linen at the pawnbroker's. The prosecutrix and justice Fielding both said, they thought it was her drunken husband that induced her to do it.</p>
<p>Mrs. Marsh. The prisoner and her husband kept a house opposite to me a great many years, in Round Court.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130027"/>Q. What was their business?</p>
<p>Mrs. Marsh. He kept a shoemaker's shop, and I thought them very honestpeople; they have come to decay since that. I believe they lived there seven or eight years.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person259"> John Dunham
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person259" type="surname" value="Dunham"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person259" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep an eating house by St. Martin's Church, and have known the woman eighteen years. I lodg'd in her house about sixteen years ago, for about a year and a half, and work'd for her husband about four years.</p>
<p>Q. What is her general character?</p>
<p>Dunham. I never heard any ill of her till this unhappy affair, I always look'd upon her to be an industrious woman.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person260"> Thomas Hawkins
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person260" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person260" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Westminster, I have known her between three and four years.</p>
<p>Q. What is her general character?</p>
<p>Hawkins. I always took her to be an industrious honest woman.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person261"> Mary Lee
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person261" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person261" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person261" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner thirty years. She was servant to me five years. She married from my house.</p>
<p>Q. What is her general character ?</p>
<p>M Lee. As honest a woman as any was on the face of God's earth. I have trusted her with things of great value, when I have been out two months at a time, and always found her very just.</p>
<p>Sarah Street. I have known the prisoner about ten years, and employed her to be with me a month when I lay in, about eight years ago. She behaved herself very honestly.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person262"> Mary Ross
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person262" type="surname" value="Ross"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person262" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person262" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner some time. She is a very sober woman, and has a very good character.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-23-person263"> John Tyrel
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person263" type="surname" value="Tyrel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person263" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known her above twenty years.</p>
<p>Q. What is her general character?</p>
<p>Tyrel. She is a very honest poor woman, they have had misfortunes in trade for eight or ten years, and the man has been lame with the dead palsy on one side. I never heard any thing amiss of them in my life.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-23-verdict143" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-23-verdict143" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-verdict143" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Guilty. Recommended </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-23-punish144" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-23-punish144" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-23-punish144" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-defend250 t17580113-23-punish144"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-23-person251 t17580113-23-punish144"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17580113-24">
<interp inst="t17580113-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-24-off145-c223" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-24-defend265 t17580113-24-off145 t17580113-24-verdict150"/>
<p>85. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-24-defend265" type="defendantName"> William Bradley
<interp inst="t17580113-24-defend265" type="surname" value="Bradley"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-defend265" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-defend265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-24-off145" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-24-off145" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-off145" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing ten half guineas </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17580113-24-victim267" type="victimName"> James Malows
<interp inst="t17580113-24-victim267" type="surname" value="Malows"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-victim267" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-victim267" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-24-off145 t17580113-24-victim267"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17580113-24-cd146" type="crimeDate">December 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-24-off145 t17580113-24-cd146"/>. +</p>
<p>Mr. Wilkerson. I am foreman to Mr. Malows,
<rs id="t17580113-24-viclabel147" type="occupation">a mason</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-24-victim267 t17580113-24-viclabel147"/>, in St. James's. On the Saturday night, being Christmas Eve, I paid the workmen, in King-Street, at the Blue Boar's Head.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. He was one of our workmen, and I paid him there with the rest. When I had paid them I had sixteen half guineas left. I had three or four half crowns, and some halfpence, which I put in a bag to the half guineas, and took them home that night.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. I live in the same street where Mr. Malows does. On the Sunday morning I took them down to
<placeName id="t17580113-24-crimeloc148">Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-crimeloc148" type="placeName" value="Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-crimeloc148" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-24-off145 t17580113-24-crimeloc148"/>, and lock'd them up there in a desk in the compting-house, in
<placeName id="t17580113-24-crimeloc149">Channel-Row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-crimeloc149" type="placeName" value="Channel-Row"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-crimeloc149" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-24-off145 t17580113-24-crimeloc149"/>, and saw all was safe. On the Tuesday morning I was coming down, when one of our men met me, and told me the compting house had been broke open. When I came there I found the desk open, and that there were ten half guineas missing out of the bag.
<persName id="t17580113-24-person268"> William Atkins
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person268" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person268" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> having some suspicion of the prisoner, he went over the water to inquire after him.</p>
<p>Q. Upon what was his suspicion grounded?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. Because he had got some new shoes and stockings, and had the morning before borrowed six-pence of him.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-24-person269"> William Atkins
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person269" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person269" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a workman belonging to Mr. Malows. I went to work on the Tuesday after Christmas Day, about six, went to breakfast at eight, and then heard that the compting-house was broke open. I found a tool that the compting-house window was broke open with. ( Producing a stone mason's chissel) This is it; it lay between two Portland stones near the window.</p>
<p>Q. How was it broke?</p>
<p>Atkins. There was a board nailed up, and a piece of a saw plate, that was worn out, over it; that plate was taken off, and the board opened.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know who that chissel belongs to?</p>
<p>Atkins. I do. I went and ask'd the men in the shop whose tool it was. They said it was Bradley's, who came that morning to work about nine o'clock. I shew'd him the tool, and said to him, is this your tool? He said, yes. I told him it had a hand in breaking my master's compting house open.</p>
<p>Q. What answer did he make?</p>
<p>Atkins. He said he wished it might be found out.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-24-person270"> William Weatherstone
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person270" type="surname" value="Weatherstone"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person270" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep the Crown alehouse, at the foot of Westminster-Bridge, on the Surry side. On Monday the 26th of December last, betwixt the hours of ten and eleven, the prisoner came into my house, and call'd for a pint of beer. He put his hand into his pocket and pull'd out about eight or ten half guineas. I asked him how he came to carry so much money in his pocket ?
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130028"/> He said, as he was coming over Westminster-Bridge he kick'd something before him (which was in a bit of paper.) He pick'd it up, and it was these half guineas. As such money is useful to me to give change for larger gold, which I do every Saturday. in order for the payment of the men that work in Mr. Morris's yard, I gave him four guineas for eight of them. He said the same when he came before the justice.</p>
<p>Q. to Wilkerson. Was all the money taken that was put in the desk?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. There were 50 l. in all, in the compting-house, but not in the same drawer; this lay by itself: there was nothing missing but these half guineas.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner ever in the compting-house?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. No; but I have seen him come and make water by it.</p>
<p>Q. How near the compting-house did he use to work?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. About 100 yards distance.</p>
<p>Q. How long had he work'd with you?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. About three months.</p>
<p>Q. Do you find the men tools, or do they find them themselves?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. They find their own tools themselves, and they have their own marks upon them.</p>
<p>Q. What mark has this chissel ?</p>
<p>Wilkerson. There is a mark so as to know it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>Going over Westminster-Bridge that Monday night I saw a piece of paper, and kicked it before me; I took it up, and in it I found these half guineas. I went into Mr. Weatherstone's house, and called for a pint of beer, who seeing the money in my hand, ask'd me how I came by it. I told him I found it. He asked me to let him have some for guineas, because Mr. Morris's men were paid at his house every Saturday, and he was troubled sometimes to get money for change.</p>
<p>Q. to Weatherstone. Did he pull out the money loose, or was it in any thing?</p>
<p>Weatherstone. They were all loose.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-24-person271"> John Breenhaw
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person271" type="surname" value="Breenhaw"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person271" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a carpenter and joiner, and have known the prisoner almost twenty years; I knew him when he was an apprentice in Derbyshire: he is a stone-mason.</p>
<p>Q. How long has he been in London?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. I always heard he was an honest young man, and he served his time duly and truly.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been in London?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. I have been in London above twelve months.</p>
<p>Q. Do you live in London now?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. I saw him frequently last year.</p>
<p>Q. Are you related to him?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. No, I am not.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-24-person272"> John Breenhaw
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person272" type="surname" value="Breenhaw"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person272" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , junior. I have known this man sixteen years perfectly well; I knew him in Derbyshire. He came out of the country nine or ten years ago, and I have known him in London all the time, except about six months when he was in the country. I have work'd with him at several gentlemen's houses.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. I am a cabinet-maker and joiner.</p>
<p>Q. Did you work with him in London, or in the country?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. In the country.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Breenhaw. That of a very honest, industrious, sober man; I never heard any body give him a bad character.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-24-person273"> Francis Soutard
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person273" type="surname" value="Soutard"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person273" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner seventeen or eighteen years.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Soutard. I live at Kensington, and am a gardener. I knew him in Derbyshire when he was apprentice to one
<persName id="t17580113-24-person274"> Henry Stewardson
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person274" type="surname" value="Stewardson"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person274" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-24-person274" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Soutard. He always had as good a character as any young man in all the country.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-24-verdict150" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-24-verdict150" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580113-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-25-off151-c232" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-25-defend276 t17580113-25-off151 t17580113-25-verdict156"/>
<p>86. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-25-defend276" type="defendantName"> Joseph Percival
<interp inst="t17580113-25-defend276" type="surname" value="Percival"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-defend276" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-defend276" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17580113-25-off151" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-25-off151" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-off151" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one canvas bag, value 6 d. and sixty pounds weight of pimento, the property of
<persName id="t17580113-25-victim278" type="victimName"> William Cutter
<interp inst="t17580113-25-victim278" type="surname" value="Cutter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-victim278" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-victim278" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-25-off151 t17580113-25-victim278"/> </persName> , in a certain vessel lying on a navigable river, called the river Thames </rs>,
<rs id="t17580113-25-cd152" type="crimeDate">January 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-25-off151 t17580113-25-cd152"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17580113-25-person279"> Andrew Morrison
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person279" type="surname" value="Morrison"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person279" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a waterman, and ply a common wherry. There was a ship lay
<placeName id="t17580113-25-crimeloc153">between Union-Stairs and Bell-Dock</placeName>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-crimeloc153" type="placeName" value="between Union-Stairs and Bell-Dock"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-crimeloc153" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-25-off151 t17580113-25-crimeloc153"/> ( I don't know her name, nor the captain's neither) to which I carried the prisoner as a fare, about noon, but don't know the day. He desired me to stay, and I staid about ten minutes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130029"/>Q. Where was the prisoner?</p>
<p>Morrison. He was on board. He threw something into my boat, but I don't know what it was.</p>
<p>Q. What was it like?</p>
<p>Morrison. It was in a bag.</p>
<p>Q. How big?</p>
<p>Morrison. About as big as a large pillow.</p>
<p>Q. Did he come on board you after that?</p>
<p>Morrison. No.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with it?</p>
<p>Morrison. I threw it over board.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you do so?</p>
<p>Morrison. Because I was afraid of the custom-house officers, for fear I should lose my boat, it not being my own. I suspected it to have been something that was run.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do after that?</p>
<p>Morrison. I went away directly.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-25-person280"> Thomas Gouge
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person280" type="surname" value="Gouge"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person280" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a waterman that attend upon ships. I was going on shore with a man, about twelve o'clock, that day, and saw
<persName id="t17580113-25-person281"> Andrew Morrison
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person281" type="surname" value="Morrison"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person281" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his boat at the ship's head named Ranger. I asked him what he did there He said he was waiting for a fare. I said I believed he was waiting for no good, for I had a suspicion he was going to rob the ship.</p>
<p>Q. What is the prisoner?</p>
<p>Gouge. He is a
<rs id="t17580113-25-deflabel154" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-25-defend276 t17580113-25-deflabel154"/>, but he was employed on board the ship as
<rs id="t17580113-25-deflabel155" type="occupation">a lumper, whose business is to put the casks out of the ship, at 6 d. a cask</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-25-defend276 t17580113-25-deflabel155"/>; they were unloading the ship. I saw a bag in the head of the wherry that Morrison was in. He saw me, and had not time to row with his wherry head foremost, fearing I should catch him; but he rowed stern foremost. I rowed as fast as I could towards the ship. They called from the ship and said, Mr. Gouge row after that man, he has a bag of pimento in his boat</p>
<p>Q. What is pimento?</p>
<p>Gouge. It is West-India all spice. When I came up to Morrison he threw the bag over board. I saw it would swim, so I row'd by it after him; but when I found he would not run away I shoved back, took up the bag, and ask'd him the meaning of throwing it over board. He said he did not do any such thing. I took him, and carried him on board the ship with the bag, and told him if he would tell who gave it him, he should have his liberty. He said he would. Then he went and charged the prisoner at the bar with it. Then we took the prisoner up, and had him before a magistrate, but he denied it.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-25-person282"> William Cutter
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person282" type="surname" value="Cutter"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person282" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am master of that ship, and most of the goods, at that time, were my property, so I appear as prosecutor; but know nothing of the taking of it.</p>
<p>Q. What was the prisoner employed about in that ship ?</p>
<p>Cutter. I employ a master lumper, and he finds a gang of men to work out the goods from the ship.</p>
<p>Q. to Morrison. Did you know the prisoner before that day?</p>
<p>Morrison. I have several times before carried him on board, and brought him on shore, from that and several other ships.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known him?</p>
<p>Morrison. I have known him about three quarters of a year; I have drank with him, and know him very well.</p>
<p>Q. Was you close by the ship when you threw the bag over-board.</p>
<p>Morrison. No, I was not.</p>
<p>Q. How did you row your boat?</p>
<p>Morrison. I row'd her stern foremost.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was at work in the hold of that ship, and two men along with me. I knew nothing of this affair, till I heard all the officers in an uproar; but this old Morrison knowing me, he, to clear himself, made use of my name.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. What is the value of that pimento?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. It is worth about thirty-eight shillings.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-25-person283"> Matthew Salmon
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person283" type="surname" value="Salmon"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person283" type="given" value="Matthew"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a sergeant in the third regiment of foot-guards, and the prisoner belongs to the company which I do.</p>
<p>Q. How long has he been in that regiment?</p>
<p>Salmon. He has been in it about five years.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know him before he was in the regiment?</p>
<p>Salmon. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. How has he behaved?</p>
<p>Salmon. Very well, none better. I was very much surprised to hear this of him, for he could have been trusted by any officer with any thing they have. He is a well behaved young man, and has been at work most commonly; he always appear'd clean under arms.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130030"/>
<persName id="t17580113-25-person284"> John Andrews
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person284" type="surname" value="Andrews"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person284" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-25-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am also a sergeant in the same company that the prisoner belongs to, and have known him five years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Andrews. He has an exceeding good character.</p>
<p>Q. What is his pay?</p>
<p>Andrews. Their pay is four shillings a week, and it takes up one of it to repair them, so that they have three shillings a man to live on; but as he is a working fellow, and gets six or eight shillings to it, it is of great service to him.</p>
<rs id="t17580113-25-verdict156" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-25-verdict156" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17580113-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26" type="year" value="1758"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17580113"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26" type="date" value="17580113"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-26-off157-c240" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-26-defend286 t17580113-26-off157 t17580113-26-verdict160"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-26-off157-c241" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-26-defend288 t17580113-26-off157 t17580113-26-verdict160"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17580113-26-off157-c242" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-26-defend290 t17580113-26-off157 t17580113-26-verdict160"/>
<p>87, 88, 89. (M.)
<persName id="t17580113-26-defend286" type="defendantName"> Samuel Ong
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend286" type="surname" value="Ong"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend286" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17580113-26-defend288" type="defendantName"> John Davis
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend288" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend288" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17580113-26-defend290" type="defendantName"> John Allen
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend290" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend290" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-defend290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for that
<rs id="t17580113-26-off157" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17580113-26-off157" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-off157" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> they on the king's-highway, on
<persName id="t17580113-26-victim292" type="victimName"> Luke Rashbatch
<interp inst="t17580113-26-victim292" type="surname" value="Rashbatch"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-victim292" type="given" value="Luke"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-victim292" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-26-off157 t17580113-26-victim292"/> </persName> did make an assault, putting him in corporal fear and danger of his life, and stealing from his person one 3 l. 12 s. piece of gold, three 36 s. pieces, one half guinea, and 14 s. in money, his property, and against his will </rs>,
<rs id="t17580113-26-cd158" type="crimeDate">January 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17580113-26-off157 t17580113-26-cd158"/>.* </p>
<p>Luke Rashbatch. I met with the three prisoners at the bar at a publick-house, on Tuesday last.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know them, or either of them before?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I never saw either of them before.</p>
<p>Q. At what publick house did you meet with them?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I don't know the house; I am a stranger.</p>
<p>Q. Don't you know the street not the sign?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I think it was the Castle, and I think they call'd it Cabbage-Lane.</p>
<p>Q. About what time of the day?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I can't tell; it might be about noon, or somewhere thereabouts.</p>
<p>Q. What was you doing?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. We were drinking together. One of them ask'd me what countryman. I said I was a Shropshire man.</p>
<p>Q. Which ask'd you that question?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. It was
<persName id="t17580113-26-person293"> William Price
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person293" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person293" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> that ask'd me that.</p>
<p>Q. Which is
<persName id="t17580113-26-person294"> William Price
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person294" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person294" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. He is turn'd witness. He said he was a Shropshire man too; then we seemed to be acquainted as if we had known one another before. Being countrymen we drank together all the evening.</p>
<p>Q. Were the three prisoners with you all the time?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. They were.</p>
<p>Q. How long do you mean you drank together ?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. 'Till about seven o'clock, but we did not stay all the time at one house.</p>
<p>Q. What house did you go to from the first house?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. We went to the Plough, I think it was, after that.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it that you went from the first publick house?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I can't justly say.</p>
<p>Q. Did all the prisoners go along with you there ?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. They did; there were five of them in all.</p>
<p>Q What was the other?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. He is not taken, his name is
<persName id="t17580113-26-person295"> William Smith
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person295" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person295" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Before the hour of seven I had a mind to go towards my lodging.
<persName id="t17580113-26-person296"> William Price
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person296" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person296" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17580113-26-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> asked me where I lodged, I said in Petty France, just by the Black Horse; he said he lodg'd in Petty France too, and he would go and shew me the way to the Black Horse, so he caused me to stay later than I would have done. William the drummer, that is not taken, was pretty near us. After we all came out of the house, Price said to me, follow me, we will drop these other men now, and we will have a pot of beer by ourselves at the Black Horse, but he took me the wrong way instead of the right way, which way he pleased. I saw the others following after the drummer. and as we were walking along I began to grumble at the way he took me, which was to very dirty places Then he said, it does not signify making words, you have money, and I must have some, and began to feel about my pockets. I said sure you will not use me so; he said don't make words, if you do you'll be drowned. The drummer came up very soon after, and began to feel in my pockets on the other side.</p>
<p>Q. Did Price take any thing from you before Smith came up?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. He did not, to the best of my knowledge. Smith ask'd Price if he had got any thing, and Price said he could not find the half guinea.</p>
<p>Q. Had they seen a half guinea of yours before?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I had it in my hand. The drummer said, d - n him, he has more money, and we'll have it, and began searching the other side. One of them had a knife, and they began to cut my breeches open before, and put their hands in.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them had the knife?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175801130031"/>Rashbatch. I can't say that. They cut the bottom of my pocket out, and took every half-penny of money that I had,</p>
<p>Q. What money did they take?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. They took a 3 l. 12 s. piece, three 36 s. pieces, half a guinea in gold, and a dozen or fourteen shillings, I can't swear to what silver I had, because I had been drinking, and did not know what I had spent. They also took my gloves, a handkerchief and a comb. I asked them if they would be so good as to let me have three half-pence or six pence again; they said no, never a farthing, without you have any that we have not found.</p>
<p>Q. Did any of the other prisoners appear?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. There were three persons at me, but I was so frighten'd that I cannot exactly tell.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any body at a distance from you?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. There was one person that did not come up to me. I was put a little in a passion, because they said I should have none of my money. I said if I live, may be I shall see some of you hang'd. D - n your blood, said they, we will see you drown'd first.</p>
<p>Q. Who gave you that answer?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I do not know, they began to push me, I was frighted very much, and they bid me go forward. I saw I was not far from the water. I was willing to get from them, and I got into the water.</p>
<p>Q. How deep?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. Up to my chin, my handkerchief was very wet about my neck, but my hat staid on.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I was not sober, I might be half fuddled.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober enough to recollect what was done?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I have sworn the truth. I can recollect every thing as it was, I had like to have been drowned; to be sure God Almighty assisted me, and they left me. Then I got out and saw some lamps, and went on the backside of a house to a window, and call'd to the people to come and light me, for I had been rob'd and just drowned, and was in a very bad manner, and desired to lie in the stable, or any where, not being fit to go into any body's house; so they directed me to another house, and said very likely I might lodge there. When I came there, they ask'd me where I belong'd to, I said the Black Horse in Petty France; they said it was a mile or two from thence, and they would find a man along with me; accordingly they did, or I had never found it that night. On the morrow morning I got a constable, and found Price very soon.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find him?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. He had been upon guard (they are all soluters ) I can't tell the name of the place, for every place is strange to me.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you was in company with the three prisoners that night?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I am.</p>
<p>Q. from Ong. Did I speak to you?</p>
<p>Rashbatch. I can't tell who spoke to me when I was rob'd.</p>
<persName id="t17580113-26-person297"> William Price