<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 13th, Thursday the 14th, Friday the 15th, and Saturday the 16th of JULY.
<p>In the Thirty-first Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER VI. for the YEAR 1757. Being the Sixth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street, 1757.</p>
<p>[Price Four-pence.]</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, for the City of LONDON, and at the General
<persName id="f17570713-1-person1"> Sessions
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person1" type="given" value="Sessions"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person1" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City of LONDON, and County of MIDDLESEX, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; Lord Mayor of the said City; my Lord
<persName id="f17570713-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> Chief Baron Parker
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person2" type="surname" value="Baron Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person2" type="given" value="Chief"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person2" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ; Mr. Justice Clive; Sir
<persName id="f17570713-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> William Moreton
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person3" type="surname" value="Moreton"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person3" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Recorder; and others his Majesty's Justices of Gaol delivery for the said City and County.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person4" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Rackstraw
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person4" type="surname" value="Rackstraw"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person4" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person5" type="jurorName"> John Cuff
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person5" type="surname" value="Cuff"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person5" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Samuel Whichcote
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person6" type="surname" value="Whichcote"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person6" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Edward Pinchbeck
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person7" type="surname" value="Pinchbeck"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person7" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person8" type="jurorName"> Robert Patience
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person8" type="surname" value="Patience"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person8" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person9" type="jurorName"> James Tuke
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person9" type="surname" value="Tuke"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person9" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person10" type="jurorName"> John Stent
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Gregory Pember
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person11" type="given" value="Gregory"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person12" type="jurorName"> William Bull
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person12" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person13" type="jurorName"> - Richardson
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<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Barnaby Turnstell
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person14" type="given" value="Barnaby"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Pritchard
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Walter Lee
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person16" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person17" type="jurorName"> William Bouzier
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person17" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Francis Sutton
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person18" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person19" type="jurorName"> John Smith
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person19" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person20" type="jurorName"> John Manwell
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person20" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person21" type="jurorName"> William Smith
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person21" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person22" type="jurorName"> John Ayers
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person22" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Richard Beale
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person23" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Thomas Haley
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person24" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person25" type="jurorName"> James Lake
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person25" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Robertson
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>
<persName id="f17570713-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Robert Harrop
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<interp inst="f17570713-1-person27" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17570713-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p> </div1>
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<p>244. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-1-defend29" type="defendantName"> James Bedwell
<interp inst="t17570713-1-defend29" type="surname" value="Bedwell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-1-defend29" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-1-defend29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-1-off1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing one linen handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-1-victim31" type="victimName"> Charles Backhouse
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<interp inst="t17570713-1-victim31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-1-off1 t17570713-1-victim31"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-1-viclabel2" type="occupation">gent.</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-1-victim31 t17570713-1-viclabel2"/>
<rs id="t17570713-1-cd3" type="crimeDate">July 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-1-off1 t17570713-1-cd3"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-1-person32"> Charles Backhouse
<interp inst="t17570713-1-person32" type="surname" value="Backhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-1-person32" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . As I was going along
<placeName id="t17570713-1-crimeloc4">Fleet-Street, near Serjeants-Inn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-1-crimeloc4" type="placeName" value="Fleet-Street, near Serjeants-Inn"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-1-off1 t17570713-1-crimeloc4"/>, the prisoner and another man followed me, and the prisoner push'd between me and the wall. He took my handkerchief out of my pocket, and I saw him deliver it to his companion.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you had it in your pocket just before that?</p>
<p>Backhouse. I had, and I felt it go from my pocket; I seiz'd the prisoner, and the other man got off with my handkerchief; the prisoner was searched, and several handkerchiefs were found upon him, which he said he had found in the street.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all of it.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-1-verdict5" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-1-verdict5" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>245. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-2-defend33" type="defendantName"> Henry Green
<interp inst="t17570713-2-defend33" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-defend33" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-defend33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-2-off7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing thirty ells of linen and cotton cloth, value 30 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-2-victim35" type="victimName"> Thomas Berverdsell
<interp inst="t17570713-2-victim35" type="surname" value="Berverdsell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-victim35" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-victim35" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-2-off7 t17570713-2-victim35"/> </persName> , privately in his warehouse </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-2-cd8" type="crimeDate">July 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-2-off7 t17570713-2-cd8"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-2-person36"> James Tharlfa
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<interp inst="t17570713-2-person36" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am porter to Mr. Berverdsell, who keeps a Manchester warehouse at the corner of
<placeName id="t17570713-2-crimeloc9">Lawrence-Lane</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-2-off7 t17570713-2-crimeloc9"/>, and I lie in one of the warehouses. A little after four in the morning, on the 5th of this instant, I awaked, and heard a noise at the door; I went down into the cellar, which also is a warehouse, and there I observed this piece of cheque was removed from off a counter and laid under the grating; there was a pane of glass broke in the window. (Producing the cheque.)</p>
<p>Q. Whose property is it?</p>
<p>Tharlfa. It is the property of Mr. Berverdsell, my master.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe where it lay the day before?</p>
<p>Tharlfa. I saw it on the counter when I shut up shop.</p>
<p>Q. What reason have you to suspect the prisoner?</p>
<p>Tharlfa. I stood in the cellar and saw the prisoner and another man pass the grate several times. There came a butcher's man and pitch'd his basket, then they walk'd off; after he was gone they appeared at the grate again. Then they put down this stick, with a hook tied to it (producing it ) and hook'd the piece up to the grating.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them hook'd it up?</p>
<p>Tharlfa. The prisoner was the man that hook'd it up, and the other man cut the string, with which it was tied-round, and it fell down again under the area of the grate; we have two doors, one opens into Cateaton-Street, and the other into Lawrence-Lane. I went up and opened that in Lawrence-Lane. They had just past the door, going towards King-Street. Then I shut the door and watched
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130003"/> their coming, knowing if they put their hook down the grating I should hear them. I soon heard them at it. I went out at the door, and the other person was on the watch, who call'd to the prisoner. I went and laid hold on the prisoner when he was within two yards of the grate, and took his hook from him; he beg'd I would let him go. I brought him in at the door and rang the bell, and the other two men came down; we got a constable and took him to the compter. He was examined before Sir
<persName id="t17570713-2-person37"> John Barnard
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<interp inst="t17570713-2-person37" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-person37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , but would not discover the other man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-2-person38"> Peter Kettle
<interp inst="t17570713-2-person38" type="surname" value="Kettle"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-person38" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-person38" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to the prosecutor. Last Tuesday was a week, about a quarter before five, the porter call'd. I got up, and from the window I saw him drawing the prisoner to the door. I came down; he told me he had seen him attempting to take away a piece of cheque from the warehouse. I call'd up the other man, and sent him for a constable. I went to the grating and saw this piece of cheque lying underneath on the ground, and the window was broke belonging to the warehouse or cellar. I ask'd the prisoner how he could go to do such a thing; he said it was the first time, and he did it for want, and pray'd heartily that we would let him go.</p>
<p>Q. Was that window whole over night?</p>
<p>Kettle. I can't take upon me to say that, for I was not there then.</p>
<p>Q. to Tharlfa. Did you see the window over night?</p>
<p>Tharlfa. I did, and it was not broke then; it was one large pane that was broke out the next morning.</p>
<p>Humphry Deacon. I am an apprentice to the prosecutor. Mr. Kettle call'd me up about half an hour before five. I came down stairs, the porter had got hold of the prisoner in the passage, and I was told he had been attempting to steal a piece of cheque out of the cellar. I went and saw it lying out of the paper, under the grating. I had laid that very piece on the counter in the cellar before, and saw it there over night, I went for a constable, and the prisoner was committed.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I am a poor unfortunate lad and have lost one arm, and am obliged to go under the sewers to get any thing for a living.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-2-verdict10" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-2-verdict10" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-2-verdict10" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty, 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-2-punish11" type="punishmentDescription">
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>246. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-3-defend40" type="defendantName"> Mary Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570713-3-defend40" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-defend40" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-defend40" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-3-deflabel12" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-3-defend40 t17570713-3-deflabel12"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-3-off13" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-3-off13" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-off13" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one sattin hat, value 3 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-3-victim41" type="victimName"> William Green
<interp inst="t17570713-3-victim41" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-victim41" type="given" value="William"/>
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<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-3-off13 t17570713-3-victim41"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-3-cd14" type="crimeDate">May 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-3-off13 t17570713-3-cd14"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-3-person42"> Letitia Green
<interp inst="t17570713-3-person42" type="surname" value="Green"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-person42" type="given" value="Letitia"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-person42" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to William Green. I take in quilting, the prisoner work'd with me, and took an opportunity to take the hat mention'd in the indictment.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Letitia Green. She absconded, I found her and asked her about it; she own'd she took it, and said she had sold it to a woman that was gone to Cambridge. I never found it since.</p>
<p>Samuel Green. I heard the prisoner say she had pawn'd the hat in Grub street. We went there, the pawnbroker said there was no such thing there; after that she said she sold it to a woman that was gone to Cambridge.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>They affrighted me so that I did not know what I said.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-3-verdict15" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-3-verdict15" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-3-verdict15" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-3-punish16" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-3-punish16" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-3-defend40 t17570713-3-punish16"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-4">
<interp inst="t17570713-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-4-off18-c39" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-defend44 t17570713-4-off18 t17570713-4-verdict22"/>
<p>247. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-4-defend44" type="defendantName"> Mary Sellars
<interp inst="t17570713-4-defend44" type="surname" value="Sellars"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-defend44" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-defend44" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-4-deflabel17" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-defend44 t17570713-4-deflabel17"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-4-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 4 s. 6 d. in money numbered </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17570713-4-victim46" type="victimName"> Ann Pool
<interp inst="t17570713-4-victim46" type="surname" value="Pool"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-victim46" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-victim46" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-off18 t17570713-4-victim46"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-4-viclabel19" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-victim46 t17570713-4-viclabel19"/>,
<rs id="t17570713-4-cd20" type="crimeDate">May 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-off18 t17570713-4-cd20"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-4-person47"> Ann Pool
<interp inst="t17570713-4-person47" type="surname" value="Pool"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-person47" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-person47" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17570713-4-crimeloc21">Christopher's Alley, Moorfields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-crimeloc21" type="placeName" value="Christopher's Alley, Moorfields"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-crimeloc21" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-off18 t17570713-4-crimeloc21"/>. On the 27th of May I had 4 s. 6 d. taken out of my cupboard. I took up the prisoner, and before the justice she own'd she took it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-4-person48"> Robert Moody
<interp inst="t17570713-4-person48" type="surname" value="Moody"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-person48" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was taken up for this offence. I saw her fall on her knees, and acknowledge she took the money mentioned, and she returned some of it.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I don't know what I said, I was so affrighted.
<rs id="t17570713-4-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-4-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-4-punish23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-4-punish23" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-4-punish23" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-4-defend44 t17570713-4-punish23"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-5">
<interp inst="t17570713-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-5-off25-c43" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-5-defend49 t17570713-5-off25 t17570713-5-verdict26"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-5-off25-c44" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-5-person50 t17570713-5-off25 t17570713-5-verdict26"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-5-off25-c45" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-5-defend51 t17570713-5-off25 t17570713-5-verdict26"/>
<p>248, 249.
<persName id="t17570713-5-defend49" type="defendantName">
<persName id="t17570713-5-person50" type="defendantName">
<persName id="t17570713-5-defend51" type="defendantName"> Charles Frazer
<interp inst="t17570713-5-defend51" type="surname" value="Frazer"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-defend51" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-defend51" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-person50" type="surname" value="Frazer"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-person50" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Elizabeth his
<rs id="t17570713-5-deflabel24" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-5-defend49 t17570713-5-deflabel24"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-defend49" type="surname" value="his"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-defend49" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-defend49" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-5-off25" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-5-off25" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-off25" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one copper tea kettle, value 3 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-5-victim53" type="victimName"> Thomas Smith
<interp inst="t17570713-5-victim53" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-victim53" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-victim53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-5-off25 t17570713-5-victim53"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>No evidence appearing they were
<rs id="t17570713-5-verdict26" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-5-verdict26" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-5-verdict26" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-6">
<interp inst="t17570713-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-6-off28-c47" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-defend54 t17570713-6-off28 t17570713-6-verdict30"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-6-off28-c48" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-person55 t17570713-6-off28 t17570713-6-verdict30"/>
<p>250. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-6-defend54" type="defendantName"> Esther,
<rs id="t17570713-6-deflabel27" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-defend54 t17570713-6-deflabel27"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-person55 t17570713-6-deflabel27"/> of
<persName id="t17570713-6-person55" type="defendantName"> John Palmer
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person55" type="surname" value="Palmer"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person55" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-defend54" type="surname" value="Palmer"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-defend54" type="given" value="Esther"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-defend54" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-6-off28" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-6-off28" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-off28" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linen shift, value 2 s. one linen cap, one silk handkerchief, two linen aprons, one cloth cloak and one pair of stays </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-6-victim57" type="victimName"> Oliver Truelove
<interp inst="t17570713-6-victim57" type="surname" value="Truelove"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-victim57" type="given" value="Oliver"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-victim57" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-off28 t17570713-6-victim57"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-6-cd29" type="crimeDate">May 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-off28 t17570713-6-cd29"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-6-person58"> Phebe Truelove
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person58" type="surname" value="Truelove"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person58" type="given" value="Phebe"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person58" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My husband's name is Oliver, I lost the goods mentioned in the indictment from out of my house, and the prisoner lay in the same room where the goods were. When I got up in the morning on the 16th of May, she and the things were gone, between three and four o'clock.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130004"/>Q. When had you seen them before ?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-6-person59"> Phebe Truelove
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person59" type="surname" value="Truelove"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person59" type="given" value="Phebe"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-6-person59" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw them over night. When I found her, which was about three weeks after, I charged her with taking the things; she own'd she did, and went with me to the two pawnbrokers where she had pawn'd them, and I found them accordingly.</p>
<p>The goods produced in court by Fothergale and Merrit, the two pawnbrokers, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-6-verdict30" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-6-verdict30" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-6-punish31" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-6-punish31" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-defend54 t17570713-6-punish31"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-6-person55 t17570713-6-punish31"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-7">
<interp inst="t17570713-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-7-off32-c52" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-7-defend61 t17570713-7-off32 t17570713-7-verdict34"/>
<p>251.
<persName id="t17570713-7-defend61" type="defendantName"> John Hanson
<interp inst="t17570713-7-defend61" type="surname" value="Hanson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7-defend61" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7-defend61" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-7-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-7-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="gameLawOffence"/> stealing twenty live fish, call'd carp, value 10 s. three live fish call'd tench, value 3 s. three live fish call'd pearch, value 12 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-7-victim62" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t17570713-7-victim62" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-7-off32 t17570713-7-victim62"/> </persName> , in the county of Middlesex,
<rs id="t17570713-7-cd33" type="crimeDate">April 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-7-off32 t17570713-7-cd33"/>.</p>
<p>To which he
<rs id="t17570713-7-verdict34" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-7-verdict34" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7-verdict34" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> pleaded guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>He received sentence to be
<rs id="t17570713-7-punish35" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-7-punish35" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-7-punish35" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-7-defend61 t17570713-7-punish35"/> branded </rs>, and was branded immediately.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-8">
<interp inst="t17570713-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-8-off37-c54" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-8-defend63 t17570713-8-off37 t17570713-8-verdict38"/>
<p>252. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-8-defend63" type="defendantName"> John Graham , otherwise
<rs id="t17570713-8-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-8-defend63 t17570713-8-alias-1"/>Grimes</rs>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-defend63" type="surname" value="Graham"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-defend63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-defend63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for that he, before the felony committed by Hanson, to wit, on the
<rs id="t17570713-8-cd36" type="crimeDate">14th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-8-off37 t17570713-8-cd36"/>,
<rs id="t17570713-8-off37" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-8-off37" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-off37" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously did incite, move, procure, aid and abet the said Hanson to commit the said felony, and afterwards. to wit, on the 17th of April, the said fish, so stolen, did receive and have, well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person65"> Henry Rowley
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person65" type="surname" value="Rowley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person65" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner lives at Kendal-house, in the parish of Isleworth. In the year 1756, about October, he came to the Coach and Horses at Isleworth and sent for me; I went. He wanted me to get some fish to put into his ponds. After that he and I had some discourse at the Watermen's-Arms, where were the prisoner Hanson and Norton. We sat in a little box and had some steaks; our conversation was only about fish. Graham desired me to get him some fish to put into his ponds.</p>
<p>Q. Did he mention any sort of fish?</p>
<p>Rowley. I can't say he did, only fish in general.</p>
<p>Q. Where was it understood that you was to get them ?</p>
<p>Rowley. From out of Twickenham-Common ponds. He was to give us 9 d. per pound for all killable fish, and the other lesser fish were to be put into his ponds behind his house.</p>
<p>Q. Who was this proposal made to?</p>
<p>Rowley. To Hanson, Norton, and myself. We went down to his own house about that time, and then he wanted us to go and rob the earl of Bath's ponds.</p>
<p>Q. What month was this?</p>
<p>Rowley. It was before we came to action, in getting any fish.</p>
<p>Q. When did you go to work to get fish?</p>
<p>Rowley. I believe on the 2d of March last. He sent for me to come to his house then, about the beginning of March.</p>
<p>Q. Did he make use of the word rob?</p>
<p>Rowley. I believe he did. He entertained me with some cold leg of pork. He bid me go to the Rose and Crown, and there I should have as much strong beer as I could drink; I did go, but not then, for then I was not acquainted with Hanson; he desired me to get fish at my lady Varney's pond, and sent me a letter to my house by his man.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I'll save the court a good deal of trouble; I wrote it. (The letter produced.)</p>
<p>Rowley. I was not at home when it came, but when I came home my wife read it to me; was it read over I should know it again.</p>
<p>It is read to this purport:</p>
<p>Directed to Mr.
<persName id="t17570713-8-person66"> Henry Rowley
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person66" type="surname" value="Rowley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person66" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person66" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , near the Coach and Horses, &c.</p>
<p>FRIEND HARRY,</p>
<p>'' I very much fear you have quite forgot me; '' as this is the only time of the year, if we should '' let it slip, I shall be at a loss any other time of '' the year. If you intend any thing you have '' promised, come to action, that I at once may '' know what I have to depend upon, and you will '' greatly oblige your humble servant,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person67"> JOHN GRAHAM
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person67" type="surname" value="GRAHAM"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person67" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>March 27, 1757,</p>
<p>Q. In what manner did you understand that letter?</p>
<p>Rowley. I understood by it, that having so many times ask'd me to get fish, it was to spur me up to go and get some; but I could not tell where to get any.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do next?</p>
<p>Rowley. The first action of this sort was, we went to Twickenham-Common, that was, I believe, the 10th of April; the next was at my lord Vere's at Hanworth, that was either the 14th or 15th of April; we took a horse and cart from Mr. Graham's, which was left there on purpose.</p>
<p>Q. Who went with you ?</p>
<p>Rowley.
<persName id="t17570713-8-person68"> John Hanson
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person68" type="surname" value="Hanson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person68" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> did. We went out about nine at night, with some hay or straw in it.</p>
<p>Q. Was this with Graham's knowledge ?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130005"/>Rowley. It was. We told him we wanted straw to keep the fish alive, we also took a wicker basket or flasket of Mr. Graham's, to put the fish in; we got to Hounslow between nine and ten, and had two pints of hot at the White-Bear there, and staid a little, because we thought it was not late enough; I believe we got to the pond a little after ten.</p>
<p>Q. Describe the situation of the pond.</p>
<p>Rowley. The pond is betwixt two houses, in the back street of Hanworth town, within about a quarter of a mile of the park side, or thereabouts; we put the cart and horse on the side of the road, at the distance of about twenty-five or thirty yards from the pond, and gave him some hay; then we took the nets and put them into the pond, and went about half way round, where we found a great root or limb of a tree in the middle of the pond; Hanson pull'd off his cloaths, went in and pull'd it on shore, till such time as I could get hold of it; then I drag'd it on shore. After that we got the net out with a pretty quantity of fish. There were about twenty-two brace of carp and tench together; there were also about one dozen and a half of perch. We put them all into the wicker basket. Then we saw a woman open a door and look out with a light, and a man on the other side; then I said to Hanson, bear a hand quick. We put them into the cart upon the straw, which he brought to the place while I was getting the fish out. Then we drove away to Hounslow, and so to the prisoner's house, at about two in the morning; there was nobody to receive them, so we put them into Mr. Graham's stews, according as he had ordered us; he came down about six o'clock. Then we went to weighing the fish with his stilliards. We had seven store carp, which we put into his pond; I can't be particular as to the largeness. The killable fish we put into his stews, according to his order, where they may be catch'd in a quarter of an hour's time.</p>
<p>Q. What did the fish weigh?</p>
<p>Rowley. I can't tell, nor how much money we received; I know we did not receive it at that time.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner say any thing to you as to the better management of the fish, when he was not present?</p>
<p>Rowley. He ordered us to come to the Park a private way, because we had like to have been blown, and he shew'd us a well concealed, in which to put the fish; he put a stick down it, and I remember he said it was a pretty convenient place to put a bastard child in.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Rowley. I am a fisherman.</p>
<p>Q. Does not the prisoner buy and sell fish?</p>
<p>Rowley. He has for many years.</p>
<p>Q. Has he not advertised to buy fish, honestly come by?</p>
<p>Rowley. He did that for a blind to this.</p>
<p>Q. Was not that pond advertised to have been rob'd?</p>
<p>Rowley. I don't know it was advertised; there was a rumour that it had been rob'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did not Graham come to you soon after and call you to an account where you got this fish, and say he hoped you had not them from thence ?</p>
<p>Rowley. No, he did not; I went to him, and told him a man told me my lord Vere's pond had been rob'd. He said, he hoped I did not do it.</p>
<p>Q. What answer did you give him?</p>
<p>Rowley. He said further, '' Why had you not '' taken the poker and beat his brains out, had '' he came to me I would? If you have done any '' thing amiss more than you can answer, you must '' take care of yourself.''</p>
<p>Q. How can you tell that this pond is my lord Vere's property?</p>
<p>Rowley. I can't tell that it is.</p>
<p>Q. What is the price of carp per pound?</p>
<p>Rowley. I believe about 9 d. per pound; but he had all the killable and store fish at the same price.</p>
<p>Q. Can you buy carp of a common fisherman, fit to come to a gentleman's table, for 9 d. per pound?</p>
<p>Rowley. No.</p>
<p>Q. What is the price of tench and perch?</p>
<p>Rowley. They are worth 18 d. per pound.</p>
<p>Q. Did he ever mention my lord Vere's pond to you?</p>
<p>Rowley. No, never; he said in general, any ponds where we could, and said he had as much right, on the waste as the earl of Northumberland had.</p>
<p>Q. What could you have sold those fish for at market?</p>
<p>Rowley. There were some worth three or four shillings a brace.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell him they were stolen fish?</p>
<p>Rowley. No.</p>
<p>Q. Whether on the 15th of April it was not excessive cold weather ?</p>
<p>Rowley. It was very frosty.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130006"/>Q. Why did you carry the fish in the night time ?</p>
<p>Rowley. For fear any body should see us, and we had nets kept at Mr. Graham's conceal'd on purpose; and it was usual with us to have the horse and cart at his house ready.</p>
<p>Q. Did he ever charge you any thing for the keeping of the horse?</p>
<p>Rowley. No, not a farthing. He sent Hanson to rent the river of the earl of Northumberland on purpose to blind the thing.</p>
<p>Q. Was you apprehended for this ?</p>
<p>Rowley. I heard I was to go before justice Birkhead. I was sent for, and I went and made a confession free and voluntary, the same as now.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person69"> John Hanson
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person69" type="surname" value="Hanson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person69" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . In the beginning of April last Mr. Graham sent his servant for me. I went, and he desired me to go a fishing for him, he said he'd get another to go with me to carry the net; I told him I was afraid to go, he said I had no occasion at all to be afraid. I ask'd him where I was to go, he said upon Smallberry Green, and I was to take my horse and cart.</p>
<p>Q. In whose mannor is that ?</p>
<p>Hanson. My lord of Northumberland's mannor. I went home again, and the next day he sent for me again, and said he could get no body, and desired me to get somebody at the mill to go with me. I went there, but the men appear'd to be in liquor, so it was put off till he got Rowley to go with me. Then he sent for Rowley and me, and we were both at his house together the next day, which was the 9th of April. Rowley and I went to Twickenham Common, and brought some fish from thence to the prisoner's house. The next time we went out was two or three days after, when we went to Hanworth; he told us he would give us 9 d. per pound for all killable fish, carp, tench, perch, &c.</p>
<p>Q. Was any mention made by the prisoner of Hanworth ?</p>
<p>Hanson. No; not as I know of. I had left my horse and cart at Graham's house from the first action, and when we went to Hanworth I took them and a basket, and some straw and the net, from Graham's house. We set out a little after nine at night. Graham said he'd leave the gate open for us, that we might go backwards to his stews with the fish, and bid us take our own time as we thought proper. He also shew'd us the gate, that we should not mistake.</p>
<p>Q. Did he mention your going in the night?</p>
<p>Hanson. He did; we went thro' Hounslow about a quarter before ten, or it might be ten.</p>
<p>Q. Did he know in what manner you were to get the fish ?</p>
<p>Hanson. He did, he bid us get them where we could on the waste, but he told us of one pond in particular, that was the earl of Bath's.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you get to Hanworth ?</p>
<p>Hanson. Between ten and eleven, it was very dark, but the people were not all gone to bed; we stopt (leaving the cart at a distance) and had some beer, and went to look at the pond; there is a farm-house joining to it, and we saw a man with some horses in a stable; then we went to the cart, and when things grew quiet we brought the cart within about thirty or forty yards of the pond; then we took the net, and carried it to the pond, and drew it till we came about the middle, where we met with a tree; then I pull'd off my cloaths and drew the tree out of the pond, and then we drew the net to shore. Going to take the fish out we perceiv'd a light at a little house near, so we put the fish into the wicker basket, and into the cart. There were carp, tench and perch; we went away with them to Kendal house where the prisoner lives, and carried them thro' the gate he had shew'd us, and put them in the stews as he directed, some in the basket, and the perch in a sack. We came there just before two o'clock, the clock struck two as we were hanging up the nets.</p>
<p>Q. Who did Graham pay for them?</p>
<p>Hanson. He paid me at the rate of 9 d. per pound for them all, but paid nothing for the store fish, which we put into the ponds. We saw him about six in the morning, he made a sort of a smile when he saw the fish, and said you have met with them to night somewhere.</p>
<p>Q. Did you tell him where you had them?</p>
<p>Hanson. No, we did not, he never ask'd us.</p>
<p>Q. Which of you weigh'd the fish?</p>
<p>Hanson. I held up the stilliards, and Graham look'd at the notches, they were his own stilliards; he separated the killable fish before we weigh'd them.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Whether I did not ask him whether they had rob'd my lord Vere's pond or not, after I had read the advertisement.</p>
<p>Hanson. No, he never ask'd that question till we heard of it ourselves, when our hearts misgave us, and we ask'd him if the nets and things were safe out of the way.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever tell him you had rob'd any other ponds?</p>
<p>Hanson. Yes we did, but we did not tell him what particular ponds, he knew we went to the ponds for them.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130007"/>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Hanson. I am a poulterer, and go about the country to sell poultry.</p>
<p>Q. Do you sell fish?</p>
<p>Hanson. No, I do not.</p>
<p>Q. You say you was afraid, pray what was you afraid of?</p>
<p>Hanson. I was afraid to go a fishing where he told us.</p>
<p>Q. Did not Rowley tell you he had a brother that had got a pond by his house on Twickenham Common, and you might go and fish in that?</p>
<p>Hanson. No, he did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you tell Mr. Graham you had purchased a pond of fish for a hundred and fifty pounds?</p>
<p>Hanson. That was what Mr. Graham said himself, in order to blind his servants.</p>
<p>Q. When was this talk'd of, before or after you had rob'd ponds?</p>
<p>Hanson. After we had rob'd ponds.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear people had a right to fish on commons that have a right of commonage?</p>
<p>Hanson. No, never.</p>
<p>Q How came you to go to Hanworth ?</p>
<p>Hanson. We were informed there were fish there.</p>
<p>Q. Had you ever heard of that pond before?</p>
<p>Hanson. No, never, neither was I ever at it before.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Whether or no I did not tell you the bad consequence of robbing ponds, and that if you offer'd to go to gentlemens ponds it would be a very bad affair.</p>
<p>Hanson. No, you never gave me any such account; if you had, that would have given me a caution not to have gone to my lord Bath's pond in his garden at Twickenham.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person70"> William Hewitson
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person70" type="surname" value="Hewitson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person70" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am steward to my lord Vere. I know the particular pond, it lies in the back street at Hanworth, within thirty yards of my lord's park pales; there are two houses, one on each side of it.</p>
<p>Q. Who is lord of the mannor of Hanworth ?</p>
<p>Hewitson. My lord Vere is.</p>
<p>Q. Is not this pond part of the waste of the mannor?</p>
<p>Hewitson. Yes, it is.</p>
<p>Q. How long has my lord used this pond to put fish in?</p>
<p>Hewitson. I have known him use it for that purpose for above seventeen years.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear of any man claiming a right to it besides himself?</p>
<p>Hewitson. No, never.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I desire first to know how I am accused of haveing any hand in robbing my lord Vere's pond. I don't know the pond, or where it is; they speak in general terms, and say I said any where, but as my lord Vere's pond is rob'd, I could have no hand in the world in it. I gave as much money for the fish as any man in the world would. I deal largely in fish. Would I be concern'd in having fish of these fellows, if I had known they had stole them!</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person71"> Mary Newman
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person71" type="surname" value="Newman"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person71" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person71" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Graham. One Sunday morning Rowley was in our barroom, I had given master the news paper; master said to Rowley, I hope you have no hand in robbing these ponds. Rowley doubled it with an oath, and said he had not; master said, if you have robbed any ponds that are in pales or inclosures, it is a hanging matter. Rowley doubled it with an oath again, and said he knew nothing of the matter.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen your master buy fish?</p>
<p>M. Newman. I have often.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been his servant?</p>
<p>M. Newman. I came to him on the 9th of April.</p>
<p>Q. In what capacity?</p>
<p>M. Newman. As a cook, and on the 10th fish were brought in. I have myself brought the stilliards to weigh fish.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of fish?</p>
<p>M. Newman. Tench, carp, and eels, from time to time a great many times. I know these two men, Rowley and Hanson, have brought fish, and they have weighed it in the day-time, after the family was up.</p>
<p>Q. Do you believe your master would have bought any fish, if he had known them to have been stolen?</p>
<p>M. Newman. I never saw any thing like it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any reason why your master let the horse and cart be there?</p>
<p>M. Newman. No, I know nothing at all of that.</p>
<p>Q. Did the cart use to stand there in common, or on particular days?</p>
<p>M. Newman. It was there in the day-time, I never minded it, so as to take particular notice; it has stood there when Hanson did not want it.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130008"/> I remember Rowley told my master he had bought a pond of fish, and he was to give one hundred and fifty pounds for it.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person72"> James Fenn
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person72" type="surname" value="Fenn"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person72" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I sell fish at Billingsgate, carp and tench.</p>
<p>Q. What is the customary price at Billingsgate?</p>
<p>Fenn. We never sell them by weight there, but as we do cod-fish, be there few or many.</p>
<p>Q. You sell them about the country, do you not?</p>
<p>Fenn. We serve gentlemen all the way, as far as Oxford. I have sold carp to Mr. Graham for 9 d. per pound.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever sell him tench?</p>
<p>Fenn. Yes, I have.</p>
<p>Q. At what per pound?</p>
<p>Fenn. At 16 d. that is, small or middling.</p>
<p>Q. What do you call small?</p>
<p>Fenn. That is, two pounds, or three pounds and a half a fish.</p>
<p>Q. What do you sell the large carp at per pound?</p>
<p>Fenn. We have a shilling.</p>
<p>Q. Are they properly killable fish, which you sell at 9 d. a pound?</p>
<p>Fenn. They are; if they lie ten years they will never be any bigger.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the common price in the country?</p>
<p>Fenn. We have sometimes 9 d. sometimes 10 d. and sometimes 1 s.</p>
<p>Q. Are they well-fed fish, that you sell at 9 d. per pound?</p>
<p>Fenn. Yes, sit for any gentleman's table in the world; as good at a pound and half size, as any size.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you serv'd Mr. Graham?</p>
<p>Fenn. I have serv'd him about eight years. I never sold him any but I gave him a receipt for them.</p>
<p>Q. Where have you them from?</p>
<p>Fenn. I rent about 200 acres of water of lord Onslow, in Surry; my brother rents 300 a year. He buys and sells fish all over the counties of Surry, Sussex, Berkshire, and Hampshire. We stock the water ourselves.</p>
<p>Q. What! rivers, or ponds ?</p>
<p>Fenn. Ponds.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What is a fine perch worth a pound ?</p>
<p>Fenn. That is according as markets be, sometimes not worth 8 d. and sometimes half a crown.</p>
<p>Q. Had you never above half a crown ?</p>
<p>Fenn. I never had 2 s. and 9 d. for a pound of perch in my life; we often charge 18 d.</p>
<p>Q. What do you sell a tench for a pound?</p>
<p>Fenn. I have sold the prisoner tench for 16 d. a pound, small ones; some weigh'd half a pound, and some three quarters.</p>
<p>Q. What will a tench of fifteen inches weigh?</p>
<p>Fenn. Some of that length will weigh three pounds, and some not a pound and a half. They are worth, according as markets be, sometimes 25 s. and sometimes not half a crown a brace. I have sold a brace for 15 s. and I have known others sell a brace for a guinea and a half.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person73"> William Herbert
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person73" type="surname" value="Herbert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person73" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with the prisoner, in the capacity of a gardener. I have known him buy fish of Rowley openly in the house, and they have been weigh'd with stilliards.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever let any body in with fish in the night time?</p>
<p>Herbert. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear your master ask any questions how he came by them?</p>
<p>Herbert. No; he bought them, and paid a market price for them.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Is not there a back or private way to one of your master's ponds in the garden, without coming through the yard?</p>
<p>Herbert. No, there is none.</p>
<p>Q. Has not your master, in one of his pieces of water, a place which he calls a private well?</p>
<p>Herbert. Not any at all; there is none but what any body in the world may see.</p>
<p>Rowley. The way he directed us was above the bridge, and he ordered us to take the key with us, and unlock the gate.</p>
<p>Herbert. The gate is always lock'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever know the key to hang in a concealed place?</p>
<p>Herbert. No; the key was always kept within doors.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person74"> William Nonecourt
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person74" type="surname" value="Nonecourt"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person74" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I never saw my master Graham buy any fish.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see that gate open which they speak of?</p>
<p>Nonecourt. No; there was a lock upon it.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear of a private well, in one of his pieces of water?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130009"/>Nonecourt. No, I never did.</p>
<p>Prisoner. This very fellow, Hanson himself, has fetch'd my rent for me, and paid money for me; I have an estate of one hundred and twenty pounds a year.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person75"> Thomas Holsey
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person75" type="surname" value="Holsey"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person75" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person75" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> \ne\. I have known the prisoner twenty years, or thereabouts; I have had a great deal of dealings with him.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Holsey. Very good as far as ever I heard; I never heard to the contrary.</p>
<p>Q. Did you never hear any ill of him?</p>
<p>Holsey. I never heard any thing particularly bad of him.</p>
<p>Q. Has he a good or a bad character?</p>
<p>Holsey. I never found he had a bad one.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear he had a good one?</p>
<p>Holsey. Some people are malicious. I never heard any body of value or worth, but what said he had a good character.</p>
<p>John Hill. I am a master coachmaker, and live in Park-Street, by Grosvenor-Square. I have known Mr. Graham thirty-five years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Hill. I never heard any body give him an ill character in my life. I never heard but what he paid every body to a shilling.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear a good character of him?</p>
<p>Hill. I never heard any body give him a bad one.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person76"> David Gawthorn
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person76" type="surname" value="Gawthorn"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person76" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person76" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him eight or nine years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Gawthorn. I never heard he had a bad one.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-8-person77"> Thomas Cripps
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person77" type="surname" value="Cripps"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person77" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-8-person77" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a master plumber, and have done work for him; he paid every body about us very well.</p>
<p>Q. How far do you live from him?</p>
<p>Cripps. I live about a mile and a half from him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think he'd buy any thing, knowing it to have been stolen?</p>
<p>Cripps. No, not upon any consideration.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-8-verdict38" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-8-verdict38" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-8-punish39" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-8-punish39" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-8-defend63 t17570713-8-punish39"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570713-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<p>253. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-9-defend79" type="defendantName"> James Ashton
<interp inst="t17570713-9-defend79" type="surname" value="Ashton"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-defend79" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-defend79" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-9-deflabel40" type="occupation">clerk</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-9-defend79 t17570713-9-deflabel40"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-9-off41" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-9-off41" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-off41" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing six books, call'd Lord Clarendon's History of the Rebellion, value 20 s. three books, call'd Wheatley's Sermons, value 6 s. three books, call'd Miscellanea Curiosa, value 4 s. three books, call'd Norris's Practical Discourses, value 1 s. four books, call'd the Jewish Spy, value 5 s. four books, call'd Nature Displayed, value 4 s. four books, call'd Don Quixot, by Motteaux, value 4 s. four books, call'd Fielding's Amelia, value 4 s. two books, call'd Bruyere's Characters, value 2 s. three books, call'd the Free-Thinkers, value 3 s. one book, call'd Observations on the Classics, value 1 s one book, call'd the Chinese Spy, value 1 s. one book, call'd the Critical Review of Cromwell's Life, value 6 d. one book, call'd Bishop Burnet's Travels, value 1 s. one book, call'd the
<persName id="t17570713-9-person80"> Roman History
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person80" type="surname" value="History"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person80" type="given" value="Roman"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , by Question and Answer, value 6 d. one book, call'd the History of the Duke of Marlborough, value 6 d. one book, call'd Ramsay's Travels of Cyrus, value 1 s. one book, call'd Synge's Gentleman's Religion, value 6 d. one book, call'd the Life of Fenelon, value 6 d. and one book, call'd Blackwell's Introduction to the Classics, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-9-victim82" type="victimName"> Samuel Baker
<interp inst="t17570713-9-victim82" type="surname" value="Baker"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-victim82" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-victim82" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-9-off41 t17570713-9-victim82"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-9-cd42" type="crimeDate">June 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-9-off41 t17570713-9-cd42"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-9-person83"> Samuel Baker
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person83" type="surname" value="Baker"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person83" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a
<rs id="t17570713-9-viclabel43" type="occupation">bookseller</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-9-victim82 t17570713-9-viclabel43"/>. The prisoner at the bar came to my shop for, I believe, about a fortnight together, not every day, but occasionally; the first time of his coming, I think he laid out in books about sixteen or seventeen shillings, and the second time twenty-four shillings, and paid for them. After he had been several times at my house Mr. Darbyshire, who lives in Wych-Street, and is a bookbinder and bookseller, came to me and ask'd me if I had not lost some books. I said, none that I knew of. He said he had seen several amongst a parcel, which a person offered to sell for twenty-five pounds, or guineas, amongst which he thought some were mine, and that they were at the person's lodgings, at the back of St. Clement's. He went away, and I did not look, not missing any; but he having mention'd Miscellanea Curiosa I began with the octavo's to search, thinking those most likely to be taken away. I missed my Lord Clarendon's History of the Rebellion, and in searching on I missed many others; then I sent for Mr. Darbyshire, and he came. I asked him if he remember'd seeing Lord Clarendon's History. He said he did. Then I got a search warrant from justice Fielding, and went to the prisoner's lodgings, where I found all the books that I had missed, and several which I had not then missed.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find all that are mentioned in the indictment?</p>
<p>Baker. I did, in the prisoner's lodgings. (Produced in court.) These are all my property.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever sell any of these to the prisoner?</p>
<p>Baker. No, never.</p>
<p>Q. Did you to any body else?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130010"/>Baker. No.</p>
<p>Q. Where were they taken from?</p>
<p>Baker. They were taken from out of my shop. There never was any money accounted to me for them, and I believe my servants can clear themselves from any suspicion.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Baker. I live in York-Street, Covent Garden. When we went to search the prisoner's lodgings, at the back of St. Clement's, he was very ill in bed. I charged him with taking the books, and said I was very much concerned to see a gentleman in his situation of life guilty of such an action, as he was seemingly going into his grave. He wanted to speak with me by myself. I said I had nothing at all to say to him, but he must go before the justice; but he seeming extremely ill, I did not care to take him out of his bed, so I went to Mr. Fielding to know if he might he in his lodgings all night. The justice told me I must have somebody with him, so I gave a man two shillings to sit up with him. The next morning I carried him before the justice, who ask'd me if the books were mine. I said they were, and that I had neither sold nor lent them. There being six volumes in large paper, I could not conceive how he conveyed them away; and according to the number of times, of his being in my shop, he must have taken a dozen at a time. I said to the constable he used to come in a great coat, pray look on the inside of it. He turn'd it out, and there we saw a pocket on each side; the whole lining seem'd to be pockets, in which he might have taken away a bushel of books almost at a time. He was asked then how he came by the books. He said, 'I do ' acknowledge them to be Mr. Baker's books, and ' he has them again, and if he requires any other ' restitution in the world, I am ready to give it him' I told him that he had done an action that had subjected him to the law, and he must take his trial.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-9-person84"> Nicholas Lankford
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person84" type="surname" value="Lankford"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person84" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Baker; I remember the prisoner being at our shop six or seven times, and the two first times that he came he had no great coat on. He had one on the third time. He then walk'd round the shop and look'd at the books.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he stay that time?</p>
<p>Lankford. I really can't say how long. I remember the second time he came, he was going out of the shop as I was coming in.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe him to meddle with any books the third time he was there?</p>
<p>Lankford. He took some down from the sholves to look at.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him put them up again?</p>
<p>Lankford. I did not observe that. I had no suspicion of him, he having bought books of us before; I can't say as to his taking them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you look at the books that were found in his lodgings?</p>
<p>Lankford. I did. I was there, and all the books that we brought away I can swear to be Mr. Baker's property.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath did you ever sell the prisoner any of these books, here produced?</p>
<p>Lankford. Upon my oath I never did, neither to him nor any body else; I never sold the prisoner any books. He bought two parcels of books, but he paid Mr. Baker for one, and the apprentice for the other.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see all these books in the prisoner's lodgings?</p>
<p>Lankford. I did; there are both master's mark and mine upon most of the books.</p>
<p>Mr. Darbyshire. I am a book-binder and bookseller, these books here produc'd were offer'd to me to sell, particularly the history of the Rebellion by Lord Clarendon, in large octavo, by the prisoner, at his lodgings on the backside of St. Clement's. He ask'd me twenty-five guineas for the parcel; there were two or three hundred vols. these and many others. I told him they would not suit me. I had a suspicion they were stolen. Then I went to Mr. Slater, one of our business, and told him what I had seen; and he told me he suspected the prisoner was a thief, he had alter'd some books for him.</p>
<p>Q. How alter'd them?</p>
<p>Darbyshire. In making them that were light more dark.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to know these were Mr. Baker's books, did you bind any of them for him?</p>
<p>Darbyshire. No, I did not bind any of them. I found Mr. Baker had sold him some books by my describing him, so I ask'd him if he did not miss any, and told him my suspicion.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You seem to be very unjust and malicious in your representations, and have carried it on all along in such a manner, that right or wrong I must be accused of felony by your means.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-9-person85"> James Gardner
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person85" type="surname" value="Gardner"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person85" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have seen the prisoner in our shop about five times.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him take any books?</p>
<p>Gardner. No; these books I know to be my master's, Mr. Baker's property.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I have got my defence on a bit of paper, I hope the court will indulge me to read it.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130011"/>Court. That you may.</p>
<p>He reads.</p>
<p>Whereas Mr. Baker, bookseller, in Covent-Garden, has accused me as guilty of stealing some books out of his shop, and having prosecuted me for a robbery on that account, it has thrown me into a horrid dungeon, where I am almost strip'd of all the necessaries of life, and am reduced to such a state of bodily weakness, that I can hardly stand upon my legs, and have been so spunged of the little money I had, that I have scarce any left wherewith to support myself, by which means I am quite disabled from having an attorney at law to act as my counsellor, having nothing to pay for his usual fees, wherefore I must offer the following defence for myself, which I shall submit to the worshipful judge and the honourable members of the jury.</p>
<p>And first I desire it may be consider'd that I bought a parcel of books of Mr. Baker, for which I paid him the full value in cash, and he having sent his boy along with me to carry them to my room, it seems some of his books were mix'd with them, which Mr. Baker being invidiously inform'd of, he came and found them in my custody, and thereupon founded his process of felony against me; but how this should have happened I can't conjecture, unless it has been thro' a mistake, and inadvertently owing to a defect of my eye-sight; and if this was really the case, me thinks it was sufficient to excuse the matter to Mr. Baker, if he had been disposed to treat me with the smallest degree of candour, but it seems he was determined to prosecute me with the greatest virulence; and indeed he seems in this whole affair to have acted from a principle of revenge, and to have been impatiently thirsting for my blood, so that nothing less would satisfy his malicious resentment than that my life should be made a sacrifice to his revenge. This methinks will be sufficiently apparent if it be consider'd, that when justice Fielding seemed disposed to mitigate the matter, Mr. Baker (sir'd with rage) attempted to corrupt his mind, and to bring him under the deepest prejudice against me, by suggesting to him that about ten years ago a Scotch clergyman having been found pilfering books at London, he made no doubt but I was the same man; a malicious aspersion this, purely of his own invention, on purpose to slur my character as far as slander and calumny could go. Had I intended to deal as uncharitably with Mr. Baker as he has dealt with me, I might have prosecuted him for committing a robbery against me, by carrying off several books from my room, under a pretence of securing his own property, which I could have proved to be mine by particular receipts under the hands of those booksellers of whom I bought those books; but I thought myself oblig'd to interpret his conduct with more charity than to impute it to an intention of robbery, but russes to a mistake; and to convince you of the unexampled malice of that insinuation of Mr. Baker's to justice Fielding, I would desire you to consider that it not seven years since I was in London before, where I preach'd the Gospel in most of the Presbyterian meetinghouses with universal acceptance, and under as fair a character as any minister in London; and before that time I had officiated as a minister of the church of Scotland above eight years, with great approbation, and am still of an unreproachable character, as appears by the ample credentials I received from the Presbytery to whom I belonged, and which I carried along with me to America, where I preach'd the Gospel for the space of ten years, in most of the British provinces and islands, with the greatest marks of honour and esteem, as a minister of the best character.</p>
<p>Now I appeal to you, gentlemen, whether it is at all likely or probable, that after I had supported so good a character for so many years, I should immediately upon my arrival at London prostitute my sacred profession all at once, and abandon my self to the silly scoundrel trade of pilfering books, as if I had extinguished all sense of honour and virtue; methinks the very supposition of such a thing must needs be abhorent to every ingenuous mind. I hope what has been said may be sufficient to convince your honours, and indeed to satisfy all the world, that the imputation Mr. Baker has endeavour'd to fasten-upon my character is utterly false and scandalous, and that I have sufficiently vindicated myself from so vile an indignity. May it therefore please your honours to canvass the matter in your serious thoughts, not with that rigour and severity which Mr. Baker has used, but with that tenderness and impartiality, that compassion and benevolence which the alleviating and mitigating circumstances of the case will readily admit, and then I doubt not but you'll find reason enough to reject Mr. Baker's charge with the indignation and contempt it deserves. I shall only beg leave to beseech your honours to release me from that dismal place where I have suffer'd so much already, and not remand me to that dreadful prison, where should I remain but a few days more, I must inevitably starve and die. What a scandal is it to old England, that the king's prisoners should be reduced to such
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130012"/> miserable circumstances: May I be the last prisoner who shall suffer in such a deplorable condition! May it please your honours to reinstate my character, which Mr. Baker has attempted to fully and destroy, and restore me to a capacity of farther usefulness in the Christian ministry, if God shall be pleased to spare my lilk and recover my health, and this will oblige your humble petitioner ever to pray for your success and prosperity.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-9-person86"> James Ashton
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person86" type="surname" value="Ashton"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person86" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person86" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Have you any witnesses?</p>
<p>Prisoner. No, I don't see I have occasion for any.</p>
<p>Court. Will not any of these ministers for whom you have preach'd in London appear for you, to give you a character?</p>
<p>Prisoner. They are all dead now. I have preached for Doctor
<persName id="t17570713-9-person87"> Harris
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person87" type="given" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Doctor Wright, Doctor
<persName id="t17570713-9-person88"> Gravener
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person88" type="given" value="Gravener"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-9-person88" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> and others.</p>
<p>Q. Will not one of those large auditories appear to your character, to whom you preached?</p>
<p>Prisoner. There is nobody knows me now in London.</p>
<p>There was another indictment against him for an offence of the same nature.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-9-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-9-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-9-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-9-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-9-defend79 t17570713-9-punish45"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-10">
<interp inst="t17570713-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<p>254. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-10-defend89" type="defendantName"> Cecily Forrester
<interp inst="t17570713-10-defend89" type="surname" value="Forrester"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-defend89" type="given" value="Cecily"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-defend89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-10-deflabel46" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-10-defend89 t17570713-10-deflabel46"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-10-off47" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-10-off47" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-off47" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pair of stays, value 10 s. one cotton gown, value 2 s. one linen handkerchief, value 6 d. and one linen apron </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-10-victim91" type="victimName"> Mary Lemond
<interp inst="t17570713-10-victim91" type="surname" value="Lemond"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-victim91" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-victim91" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-10-off47 t17570713-10-victim91"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-10-viclabel48" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-10-victim91 t17570713-10-viclabel48"/>,
<rs id="t17570713-10-cd49" type="crimeDate">June 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-10-off47 t17570713-10-cd49"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-10-person92"> Mary Lemond
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person92" type="surname" value="Lemond"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person92" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person92" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I lost these things on the 14th of last June, taken from off the back of a chair; the prisoner was found with the gown on her back, and said she bought it and the other things in Rag-Fair. I never saw her before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-10-person93"> Henry Williams
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person93" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person93" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . These things mentioned were taken from off the back of a chair, near a window on the ground floor; in the morning on the 15th the prisoner was taken with the gown on, and she said she had bought the other things and the gown.</p>
<p>Mr. Fry. I am headborough. I had a search warrant from the prisoner to search at a pawnbroker's for a pair of stays. I went with her to the house of Mr. James, a pawnbroker in East Smithfield, where the stays were delivered to me (produced in court) and deposed to by the prosecutrix.</p>
<p>Mr. James. One
<persName id="t17570713-10-person94"> Alice Moor
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person94" type="surname" value="Moor"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person94" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person94" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> brought these stays, and pawn'd them with me; the headborough came with the prisoner, and ask'd for them, and I delivered them.</p>
<p>Q. When were they pawn'd to you?</p>
<p>James. They were pawn'd about nine in the morning on the 15th of June.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I bought the things of a Jew in Rosemary-Lane about four o'clock, he had them in a green bag.</p>
<p>To her Character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-10-person95"> Mary Cheshire
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person95" type="surname" value="Cheshire"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person95" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person95" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner nine years, she gets eight shillings a week at closing of shoes. I never heard that she ever wrong'd any body. She is industrious and sober.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-10-person96"> Margaret Forrester
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person96" type="surname" value="Forrester"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person96" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-10-person96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am mother to the prisoner, and brought her up to my own business, to close boots and shoes; I never heard she wrong'd any body.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-10-verdict50" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-10-verdict50" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-11">
<interp inst="t17570713-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<p>255. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-11-defend98" type="defendantName"> Richard Urlin
<interp inst="t17570713-11-defend98" type="surname" value="Urlin"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-defend98" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-defend98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for the
<rs id="t17570713-11-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-11-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> wilful murder of
<persName id="t17570713-11-victim100" type="victimName"> Samuel Urlin
<interp inst="t17570713-11-victim100" type="surname" value="Urlin"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-victim100" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-victim100" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-11-off51 t17570713-11-victim100"/> </persName> , his father </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-11-cd52" type="crimeDate">June 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-11-off51 t17570713-11-cd52"/>. He likewise stood charged on the coroner's inquisition for the said murder.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-11-person101"> Thomas Taylor
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person101" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person101" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I knew the deceased and prisoner many years, they lived at Harmondsworth. The prisoner work'd by the day, at labouring work.</p>
<p>Q. Did he do his work as other people?</p>
<p>Taylor. When he had fits he could not work, he used to fall down in them. I was at the deceased's house (he kept a chandler's shop) on this day three weeks, when the prisoner and he were in the room together. He said Richard was not well, he having had fits for four or five days, but he hoped he'd go to work again soon.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear the prisoner say any thing?</p>
<p>Taylor. Not one word. He was sitting there. I went away and left them, and soon after that I heard he had kill'd his father; I saw his body in the coffin. I was on the jury, of the coroner's inquest.</p>
<p>Q. What was the cause of his death?</p>
<p>Taylor. He was kill'd; his skull was broke, and his face mash'd in a terrible manner; but who did it I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. What is the state of his mind, did you ever know him to do any mischief?</p>
<p>Taylor. No, never in my life.</p>
<p>Q. When he came out of his fits was he as other men?</p>
<p>Taylor. Not very soon, sometimes not for two or three hours; but at other times he never was ready to answer questions as other men, nor sensible
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130013"/> like other people; he'd say as others said to him, let it be what it would; he'd do things as often wrong as he would right. I never heard he attempted to be mischievous in my life before.</p>
<p>Q. Had he ever had any quarrel with his father?</p>
<p>Taylor. Never as I heard of; his father was very tender of him. He was a very honest sober man.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-11-person102"> George Crips
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person102" type="surname" value="Crips"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person102" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about fifteen years. Having heard the prisoner had kill'd his father, I saw him and ask'd him where his father was; he said he lay dead on the floor. I saw him lying dead. He push'd a pitchfork through the window at me. Then another man came up. He bar'd the door up so that we could not get in. We burst the door open. He push'd a pitchfork out at the door, and we took it away from him; then he said he had got another ready for us. After that we got on the backside of the house to another door, and broke that open; but he would not let us come in till we had stifled him with dirt. There were people enough to assist when we got upon him. After we had seiz'd him he said nothing at all. The deceased was lying with his brains beat out, and all the prisoner said was, he had kill'd Mr. Nobody.</p>
<p>Q. Did his father ever go by that name?</p>
<p>Crips. No.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear of any quarrel between this man and his father?</p>
<p>Crips. No; they always agreed.</p>
<p>Q. What temper of mind is he of?</p>
<p>Crips. Not like another man in behaviour, better sometimes than other some. He was out of his mind sometimes in fits, and just as he got out of them.</p>
<p>Q. At the time he had not fits was he reckoned a man of sense as other men?</p>
<p>Crips. No, he was not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-11-person103"> John Taylor
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person103" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person103" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-person103" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about ten years.</p>
<p>Q. When fits are off him, how is he for understanding?</p>
<p>Taylor. Not like other men.</p>
<p>Q. Was he of a mischievous disposition?</p>
<p>Taylor. Not as I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any quarrel between him and his father?</p>
<p>Taylor. Not as I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the deceased after he was dead?</p>
<p>Taylor. His brains were lying on the floor; his head was cut all to pieces.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-11-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-11-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-11-verdict53" type="verdictSubcategory" value="accidentalDeath"/> Acquitted. Accidental death </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>256, 257. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-12-defend105" type="defendantName"> Ann Stockton
<interp inst="t17570713-12-defend105" type="surname" value="Stockton"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-defend105" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-defend105" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-12-deflabel54" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-12-defend105 t17570713-12-deflabel54"/>, and
<persName id="t17570713-12-defend106" type="defendantName"> Margaret Waite
<interp inst="t17570713-12-defend106" type="surname" value="Waite"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-defend106" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-defend106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-12-deflabel55" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-12-defend106 t17570713-12-deflabel55"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-12-off56" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-12-off56" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-off56" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver watch, value 20 s. the property of
<persName id="t17570713-12-victim107" type="victimName"> Henry Bear
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim107" type="surname" value="Bear"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim107" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim107" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one silk handkerchief, value 1 s. the property of
<persName id="t17570713-12-victim109" type="victimName"> Jonathan Milds
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim109" type="surname" value="Milds"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim109" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and one linen handkerchief </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17570713-12-victim111" type="victimName"> Thomas Darwell
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim111" type="surname" value="Darwell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim111" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-victim111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-12-person112"> Jonathan Milds
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person112" type="surname" value="Milds"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person112" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a house for people that are deprived of their senses; the silver watch was the property of
<persName id="t17570713-12-person113"> Henry Bear
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person113" type="surname" value="Bear"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person113" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the silk handkerchief was mine; Bear's watch used to hang at his bedside. I did not miss these thing, till about a fortnight ago, when the constable came and told us there were such things found; I know nothing of the taking them. I believe I have known Stockton three months, and the other three weeks; they were at my house as servants; they behaved extremely well, and were very diligent</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-12-person114"> Robert Johnson
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person114" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person114" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. On the 6th of July I was sent for by justice St. Lawrence, to take up
<persName id="t17570713-12-person115"> Ann Stockton
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person115" type="surname" value="Stockton"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person115" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person115" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . She was charged with breaking some windows. There was word sent that she was seen with a watch, so I search'd her, but found none. After that
<persName id="t17570713-12-person116"> Margaret Waite
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person116" type="surname" value="Waite"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person116" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person116" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> came to the watch-house door and ask'd where Stockton was. I took her in, and ask'd her where the watch was; she said Stockton had taken it from her, and, in so doing, she tore her handkerchief. She was committed, and the turnkey of the Gatehouse gave me this watch, and said he took it from under Waite's arm. Producing one.</p>
<p>Mr. Milds. I know this watch to be the property of
<persName id="t17570713-12-person117"> Henry Bear
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person117" type="surname" value="Bear"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person117" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Johnson. This handkerchief was in Stockton's lap (producing a silk one) the other Waite had on.</p>
<p>Mr. Milds. The silk handkerchief is mine, the other I can't tell of my own knowledge; it has an S. and D. on it, the name of
<persName id="t17570713-12-person118"> Sarah Darwell
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person118" type="surname" value="Darwell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person118" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , a woman in our house, whose husband's name is Thomas.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-12-person119"> John Bullock
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person119" type="surname" value="Bullock"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person119" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-12-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a watchman. I saw the handkerchief delivered by the turnkey to the constable, and the watch also; the other handkerchief I took from out of Stockton's lap, who had broke some windows, and having cut her arm, she had it to wipe it with.</p>
<p>Stockton's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing of the things; I took the two handkerchiefs out of Waite's bundle.</p>
<p>Waite's Defence.</p>
<p>The man gave me the watch to have a new turnround put to it at the glasier's. It was a gentleman at the mad-house who gave it me to carry there: so I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130014"/> tied it to my apron to carry there; but the people wanted it from me, so I gave it to some man.</p>
<p>Mr. Milds. The prisoners were both sent to me by the parish of St. Ann's, till they could get a vestry, in order to get rid of them.</p>
<p>Q. What! as disorder'd in their senses? Waite seems not to be in her senses now.</p>
<p>Mr. Milds. No! as drunken, lie about persons.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17570713-12-verdict57" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-12-verdict57" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-13">
<interp inst="t17570713-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-13-off59-c102" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-defend121 t17570713-13-off59 t17570713-13-verdict63"/>
<p>258. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-13-defend121" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Johnson
<interp inst="t17570713-13-defend121" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-defend121" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-defend121" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-13-deflabel58" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-defend121 t17570713-13-deflabel58"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-13-off59" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-13-off59" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-off59" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing one sustian frock, value 8 s. two pair of silk breeches, value 10 s. and two pair of cloth breeches, value 5 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-13-victim123" type="victimName"> Hannah Wadley
<interp inst="t17570713-13-victim123" type="surname" value="Wadley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-victim123" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-victim123" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-off59 t17570713-13-victim123"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-13-viclabel60" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-victim123 t17570713-13-viclabel60"/>, privately in the shop of the said Hannah </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-13-cd61" type="crimeDate">June 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-off59 t17570713-13-cd61"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-13-person124"> Hannah Wadley
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person124" type="surname" value="Wadley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person124" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I keep a cloaths shop in
<placeName id="t17570713-13-crimeloc62">Monmouth-Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-crimeloc62" type="placeName" value="Monmouth-Street"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-crimeloc62" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-off59 t17570713-13-crimeloc62"/>. I lost the goods mention'd in the indictment out of my shop, on the 12th of June, but don't know who took them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-13-person125"> William Wright
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person125" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person125" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a cloaths shop in Field-Lane; the prisoner came to me with the goods mentioned in the indictment to sell on a Sunday morning. I suspected they were not honestly come by, so I stop'd them and her. She was committed to Clerkenwell Bridewell. I advertised the goods, and the prosecutrix came and own'd them. Produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you suspect them to have been stolen?</p>
<p>Wright. She offered them all for half a guinea, and I saw a shop mark upon them.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-13-person126"> John Townsond
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person126" type="surname" value="Townsond"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person126" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-person126" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, and was charged with the prisoner at the bar, who said before justice Chamberlane, she took the goods out of Monmouth-Street, in the morning, but could not tell me what sign it was.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never did nothing before in my life; I was a little in liquor.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-13-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-13-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-13-verdict63" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty, 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-13-punish64" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-13-punish64" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-13-defend121 t17570713-13-punish64"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-14">
<interp inst="t17570713-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-14-off65-c107" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-14-defend128 t17570713-14-off65 t17570713-14-verdict69"/>
<p>259. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-14-defend128" type="defendantName"> William Higginson
<interp inst="t17570713-14-defend128" type="surname" value="Higginson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-defend128" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-defend128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-14-off65" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-14-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> feloniously making an assault on the person of
<persName id="t17570713-14-victim130" type="victimName"> Richard Arnold
<interp inst="t17570713-14-victim130" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-victim130" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-victim130" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-14-off65 t17570713-14-victim130"/> </persName> , with an intent the money of the said Richard to steal </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-14-cd66" type="crimeDate">June 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-14-off65 t17570713-14-cd66"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-14-person131"> Richard Arnold
<interp inst="t17570713-14-person131" type="surname" value="Arnold"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-person131" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner stop'd me between
<placeName id="t17570713-14-crimeloc67">Copenhagen-house</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-crimeloc67" type="placeName" value="Copenhagen-house"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-crimeloc67" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-14-off65 t17570713-14-crimeloc67"/> and
<placeName id="t17570713-14-crimeloc68">Kentish-Town</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="Kentish-Town"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-14-off65 t17570713-14-crimeloc68"/>. He was in soldier's cloaths. It was between five and seven in the evening, on the 21st of June; he had a hanger in his hand, and demanded my money.</p>
<p>Q. Was the hanger drawn?</p>
<p>Arnold. No, it was in the scabbard. I told him I had none. He said he'd search my pockets, which he did, but found nothing; then he demanded my cloaths (I had observed he had drawn his hanger two or three times before he stop'd me.) I pleaded very hard, and said I had been ill many months, and they were very bad. He took my hat off my head by force, and seeing it not a good one he returned it to me again. I went up to Copenhagen-house and told the case. Two men went down the field and found him. Then he was carried before a magistrate and committed.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did I offer any violence to you? you yourself turn'd your pockets.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. You did not hurt me.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-14-person132"> John Turner
<interp inst="t17570713-14-person132" type="surname" value="Turner"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-person132" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-14-person132" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in the fields, when the prosecutor was fishing in a pond. I saw a soldier. After that I was at Copenhagen-house, where the prosecutor told me he had been stop'd by a soldier. I and another man went after him, and took him in the very same field. He made no opposition.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say for himself.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-14-verdict69" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-14-verdict69" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-14-punish70" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-14-punish70" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-14-defend128 t17570713-14-punish70"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-15">
<interp inst="t17570713-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-15-off71-c111" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-15-defend134 t17570713-15-off71 t17570713-15-verdict75"/>
<p>260. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-15-defend134" type="defendantName"> Thomas Roberts
<interp inst="t17570713-15-defend134" type="surname" value="Roberts"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-defend134" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-defend134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-15-off71" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-15-off71" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-off71" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one sword with a silver hilt, value 40 s. </rs> the property of a person unknown,
<rs id="t17570713-15-cd72" type="crimeDate">June 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-15-off71 t17570713-15-cd72"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-15-person135"> John Becket
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person135" type="surname" value="Becket"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person135" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a sword-cutler; I can only say there was a sword left at my house to have a scabbard to it, by a person unknown to me, which is the sword now under consideration, but I know nothing of the taking of it away.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-15-person136"> John Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person136" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person136" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Becket, a sword-cutler in St. James's-Street. I was going with a bundle of sword-blades, and a silver hilted sword on the top of the bundle, on the Wednesday in Whitsun week, between nine and ten at night, to the scabbard-maker, to have scabbards made to them, and in
<placeName id="t17570713-15-crimeloc73">the Strand</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-crimeloc73" type="placeName" value="the Strand"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-crimeloc73" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-15-off71 t17570713-15-crimeloc73"/> a
<rs id="t17570713-15-deflabel74" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-15-defend134 t17570713-15-deflabel74"/> came and took the silver hilted sword and ran away with it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that soldier?</p>
<p>Jeffreys. I did not see his face; I can't say the prisoner is the man. I call'd out stop thief, but he got off.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-15-person137"> John Bland
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person137" type="surname" value="Bland"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person137" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live with Mr. Becket. I gave this sword to the last evidence to carry to Mr. Parker's in Drury-Lane, to have a scabbard made to it. Producing a silver hilted sword.</p>
<p>Q. Whose is it?</p>
<p>Bland. I don't know whose it is; it was left for a new scabbard to be made to it, and the gentleman was to call again.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-15-person138"> John Lambert
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person138" type="surname" value="Lambert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person138" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-15-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner at the bar came to me with this sword, and ask'd me if the hilt was silver or not, on the 1st of June, at night.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130015"/>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Lambert. In Panton-street. I shew'd it to my mistress, who said it was silver; then he said he wanted to know the value of it. She said there is a silversmith near at hand that can tell you. I went with him there, but the person was not at home; then the prisoner said to me, what will you give me for it. I said nothing at all. Said he, don't you know any place where I can sell it, or any person that will pawn it for me for what they can get. As we were going along he laid hide it. I went with him to a silversmith in Piccadilly, and shew'd him the sword (and left the prisoner at the door.) I said this man wants to sell or pawn this for what he can get, I think he does not come honestly by it, and ought to be taken care of. Then I said to him, soldier come in, you are to have three shillings for it; he came in, and I shut the door; then we got a constable, and sent him to the Round-house. We intended to have advertised it, but the serjeant finding the prisoner in custody, he came to us, and by his means we found the shop out from whence it was lost. At first the prisoner said he found it by a stone in a street by Covent Garden, after that he said he found it by New-street, Covent-Garden.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>Going to Piccadilly I pick'd up this sword, I went a little farther, and saw that porter standing at a door; I said to him do you think this is silver, he said yes, I believe it is. He took it into a shop and shew'd it to a young woman, who said it was silver. I said I found it, what do you think it is worth; she said a silversmith lives a little lower, and the porter shall go along with you. We went there; the porter went in, and came out again, and said the silversmith bids you 3 s. for it. I said, what for a silver hilted sword. They ask'd me how I came by it, I said I found it coming along; then he said I must have you before the justice. I said I was not afraid of going before a justice or any body else.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-15-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-15-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570713-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<interp inst="t17570713-16" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-16-off76-c116" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-16-defend140 t17570713-16-off76 t17570713-16-verdict79"/>
<p>261.
<persName id="t17570713-16-defend140" type="defendantName"> Joseph Taper
<interp inst="t17570713-16-defend140" type="surname" value="Taper"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-defend140" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-defend140" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-16-off76" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-16-off76" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-off76" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing 30 lb. weight of lead, value 2 s. and 10 lb. weight of iron, value 10 d. the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-16-victim142" type="victimName"> Nathaniel Wilks
<interp inst="t17570713-16-victim142" type="surname" value="Wilks"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-victim142" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-victim142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-16-off76 t17570713-16-victim142"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-16-viclabel77" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-16-victim142 t17570713-16-viclabel77"/>; being fixed to a certain dwelling house </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17570713-16-cd78" type="crimeDate">June 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-16-off76 t17570713-16-cd78"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-16-person143"> John Gibson
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person143" type="surname" value="Gibson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person143" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I work in the Victualling office. On the 7th of June as I was in my yard about five or six o'clock, I saw a hand out at the window, and as I was looking up I saw two hands. I call'd out and said, are you taking the windows already, for I thought it had been the glazier; at last I saw the prisoner's face, I went round to the door, and stop'd there, and Mr. Legg came by; he stood till I went in, and as I went in I saw the prisoner at the bar go out at the back door.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him before?</p>
<p>Gibson. I may have seen him before, but not to know him.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know he is the same man?</p>
<p>Gibson. I am sure he is the same man.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him take the windows out?</p>
<p>Gibson. I saw him take the lead and iron down into the house.</p>
<p>Q. Was it up one or two pair of stairs?</p>
<p>Gibson. It was up two pair of stairs; as I went in I call'd a plaisterer to assist me, and we met the prisoner just coming out in the backyard; we stop'd him there, and ask'd him where he had that lead and iron; he said he had it at Bartholomew's Hospital. He had a bag with him, and some iron in it, and some under his arm. There was a sheet of lead and glass, and a casement in the bag.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure that this lead and iron belong to Mr. Wilks?</p>
<p>Gibson. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. Did it appear to belong to these windows?</p>
<p>Gibson. I can't say, it was casement lead and iron; as he brought it out of the house it appeared to be the iron and lead that belonged to some windows. He was taken up in Shoreditch, and carried before a justice of peace and examined, where he said he brought it from Bartholomew's Hospital.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-16-person144"> Thomas Legg
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person144" type="surname" value="Legg"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person144" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I took a walk in the morning before I went to work, and about half an hour after five, as I was returning home, I saw Mr. Gibson, who told me there was somebody in the house next door but one to him, and that he had seen the man take down a sheet of glass and a casement; he said he was afraid to go in for fear there should be more than one; then I went directly through a place up to the door, where I heard the glass was breaking, and there I saw the prisoner with the bag. I saw him take it and shove it down to hold more, then he stoop'd and put more into it.</p>
<p>Q. What did he put into it?</p>
<p>A. He put lead, glass and iron into it. It was lead belonging to sheets of glass; there was lead and iron in the bag, and there was iron under his arm when we took him, and his fingers were cut very much with the glass; we call'd a man that lived near, and when he came we ask'd the prisoner how he came by it; he said he brought it from St. Bartholomew's Hospital. The bag, iron and lead produced in court.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130016"/>Mr. Ruddle. I was intrusted with the care of this estate. Mr. Legg inform'd me that there had been a person stealing of lead out of a house that I had the care of, and told me that they had followed him to the place where he was taken up. I saw the prisoner with the lead, iron and bag, and I went with him before Sir
<persName id="t17570713-16-person145"> Samuel Gore
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person145" type="surname" value="Gore"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person145" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-16-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>These were my grandfather's houses. I went to see whether the oven was down, and I fell down and cut my hands in going into a hole; there was no such lead in the house as this is, all the ground was cover'd with lead, this is square glass lead, and there is no such in all the street. I had it from St. Bartholomew's Hospital.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-16-verdict79" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-16-verdict79" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-16-punish80" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-16-punish80" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-16-defend140 t17570713-16-punish80"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-17">
<interp inst="t17570713-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-17-off81-c121" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-17-defend147 t17570713-17-off81 t17570713-17-verdict83"/>
<p>262. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-17-defend147" type="defendantName"> Sarah Maddison
<interp inst="t17570713-17-defend147" type="surname" value="Maddison"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-defend147" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-defend147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-17-off81" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-17-off81" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-off81" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linen shirt, value 1 s. 6 d. the property of
<persName id="t17570713-17-person148"> Thomas Pembrook
<interp inst="t17570713-17-person148" type="surname" value="Pembrook"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-person148" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-person148" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and one linen shift </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17570713-17-victim150" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Greenwood
<interp inst="t17570713-17-victim150" type="surname" value="Greenwood"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-victim150" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-17-victim150" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-17-off81 t17570713-17-victim150"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-17-cd82" type="crimeDate">June 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-17-off81 t17570713-17-cd82"/>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-17-verdict83" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-17-verdict83" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-17-punish84" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-17-punish84" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-17-defend147 t17570713-17-punish84"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-18">
<interp inst="t17570713-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-18-off85-c124" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-18-defend152 t17570713-18-off85 t17570713-18-verdict87"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-18-off85-c125" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-18-defend154 t17570713-18-off85 t17570713-18-verdict87"/>
<p>263, 264.
<persName id="t17570713-18-defend152" type="defendantName"> William Hadley
<interp inst="t17570713-18-defend152" type="surname" value="Hadley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-defend152" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-defend152" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570713-18-defend154" type="defendantName"> Stephen Harding
<interp inst="t17570713-18-defend154" type="surname" value="Harding"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-defend154" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-defend154" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-18-off85" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-18-off85" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-off85" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> that they, on the 12th of May, about the hour of four in the night of the same day, the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17570713-18-victim156" type="victimName"> Robert Loveless
<interp inst="t17570713-18-victim156" type="surname" value="Loveless"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-victim156" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-victim156" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-18-off85 t17570713-18-victim156"/> </persName> feloniously did break and enter, and steal from thence two harrateen window curtains, value 3 l. four harrateen bed curtains, value 40 s. one pier looking glass, value 5 l. two blankets, value 5 s. one pair of sheets, value 5 s. six yards of alapeen, value 10 s. six tablecloths, one dozen of napkins, and six towels, the goods of the said Robert, in his dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person157"> Robert Loveless
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person157" type="surname" value="Loveless"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person157" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person157" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was out of town with my family, and on the 13th of May I had word brought me, in the morning, that my house in
<placeName id="t17570713-18-crimeloc86">Dean-Street, Fetter-Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-crimeloc86" type="placeName" value="Dean-Street, Fetter-Lane"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-crimeloc86" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-18-off85 t17570713-18-crimeloc86"/>, was broke open. I took the key and went there, and found the padlock had been forced open; the plate of iron that went from the post to the door was broke, so that the padlock fell down; I open'd the door, and some neighbours went in with me.</p>
<p>Q. Was there another lock to the door?</p>
<p>Loveless. There was, that I open'd with my key; the first room I enter'd was a parlour on the ground floor, where my buroe was broke open, and several things taken out of the drawers. In a one pair of stairs room I missed a large pier glass with a carv'd and gilt frame. I found a door forced in a two pair of stairs room, where I missed a set of bed curtains, and there I found another buroe broke open, with several drawers in it, and also a chest of drawers, from which were several things taken; but those my wife put up, so I can't give an account of the particulars thereof. I missed from that room two pair of window curtains. I only speak of the things we have since found, knowing them to be my property. I found them on the Thursday in Whitsun-week, part of them upon Mr. Boswell the evidence; and the day following I found a remnant of alapeen, about six yards of it, at Hadley's lodgings, and some days after I found at a pawnbroker's in Leather Lane, named
<persName id="t17570713-18-person158"> William Coyd
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person158" type="surname" value="Coyd"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person158" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the bed curtains.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to find out where these things were?</p>
<p>Loveless. I advertised a reward of twenty guineas, and one Smith, who said she was sister to a woman that lived with Boswell came I went with her to justice Fielding's, where she mention'd Boswell, Hadley, and Harding, as notorious house breakers, so I had warrants and took them up.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person159"> Elizabeth Loveless
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person159" type="surname" value="Loveless"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person159" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I was with my husband in the country. Mr. Loveless sent a porter for me in the morning, after he found the house had been broke open. I came to town and missed a great number of things, which are not in the indictment. The goods mention'd in the indictment are all our property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person160"> William Boswell
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person160" type="surname" value="Boswell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person160" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Hadley came down to my house the day before the house was broke open, and told me that there was a gentleman who liv'd in a little street near Fetter-lane, which he imagin'd was gone out of town, for the door had a padlock upon it.</p>
<p>Hadley. Let somebody look in that witness's hand, he has been branded already.</p>
<p>Boswell. He said it he could get the padlock off, he could unlock the other lock, and by so doing he thought he could get a great deal of money. I went to his house, and he and I went to Harding. We all went to this house in Dean-street about three o'clock. I pull'd off the padlock from the door with a piece of iron about eighteen inches long; it made some noise in doing it, so I went down lower in the street, and Harding went up with the key and unlock'd the door.</p>
<p>Q. Where had he the key?</p>
<p>Boswell. I believe Hadley gave it him; the watchman heard a noise, and came with a candle and lanthorn; then we all three walk'd into Fleet-street, and after the watch was gone off we turn'd back again, this was a little after four; we stood a little time in Fetter-lane, till the watchman was gone off, and then Harding and I went in, while Hadley stood at the door. We took a saucepan out
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130017"/> of the kitchen, then we went into the dining room, I don't remember we took any thing there; then we went up one pair of stairs, and in the two rooms we took a large pier glass in a gilt frame, a pair of scarlet window curtains, and some harrateen curtains belonging to a bed, and a piece of stuff roll'd up, about six or eight yards of it; then we went up the two pair of stairs, where we took a blanket, in which we put the glass, we also took a sheet and some linen, we put some of the things in a bag, and in a little bag we put some more odd things. Hadley carried off the little bag, Harding the biggest bag, and I the pier glass. We went different ways, but we all met at Harding's house, where we agreed to part the curtain, for which we drew cuts. I happened to have the longest cut, so I chose out of the six curtains the two scarlet ones. Some time after that Hadley sold his two curtains to Harding, and the rest of the things were divided among us; the pier glass was left at Harding's ho use in the blanket. After it was advertised Harding and I knock'd off the frame and burnt it. After that we carried the glass to the White Bear in Aldersgate-street one night, and he knowing the landlord we left it there, and Mr. Loveless fetch'd it away; the landlord did not know how we came by it. Hadley came there before we went away.</p>
<p>Hadley. I can't say but I did see the glass, but it was not left at my home.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person161"> Martha Smith
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person161" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person161" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person161" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went with Mr. Loveless to Hadley's lodgings in Cloth Fair, on the Thursday in Whitsun-week; I know they were his lodgings, because my sister that was kept by Boswell took me there, and there I saw Hadley's wife. There Mr. Loveless found the piece of alapeen.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person162"> William Ward
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person162" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person162" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an apprentice to
<persName id="t17570713-18-person163"> William Coyd
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person163" type="surname" value="Coyd"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person163" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a pawnbroker. I remember there were some green harrateen bed curtains pawn'd to me on the 23d of May, by Harding the prisoner, for half a guinea, the same which Mr. Loveless had away. (The goods, except the glass, produced in court, and deposed to by prosecutrix.)</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person164"> John Spenely
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person164" type="surname" value="Spenely"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person164" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable, and had a warrant to serve on Boswell. After I had serv'd it, he and his wife told me this glass here produc'd, belong'd to Mr. Loveless, and that he and Harding broke the frame, and burnt it, that it might not be discovered, and that it was at the White Bear in Aldersgate-street. I went there, and ask'd if Boswell, in company with two other men, had not left a looking glass wrapt up in a blanket there, the landlord said he had. I desir'd him to deliver it to me, and told him I had an information it was stolen. He deliver'd it, I took it to Mr. Harding's. ( The glass produc'd in court.)</p>
<p>Prosecutor. By the size and appearance, the silvering being off at a place on the bottom. I think it is mine.</p>
<p>Mrs. Loveless. It is about the size of ours, but being out of the frame it is difficult to speak with certainty.</p>
<p>Hadley's Defence.</p>
<p>I never was in the house, nor saw the gentleman in my life. I know nothing of the matter.</p>
<p>Harding's Defence.</p>
<p>I never was in the house, neither do I know any thing of the prosecutor.</p>
<p>For Harding.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person165"> Elizabeth Woolley
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person165" type="surname" value="Woolley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person165" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person165" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known Harding between four and five years, I never heard any thing ill of him before this.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person166"> John Glasoow
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person166" type="surname" value="Glasoow"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person166" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person166" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Harding near two years. I never heard any thing ill of him in my life before this.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person167"> John Gray
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person167" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person167" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him about a year and three quarters, I never heard any body speak disrespectfully of him in my life.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-18-person168"> Sarah Squires
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person168" type="surname" value="Squires"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person168" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-18-person168" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> \. I have known him about two years, I nursed his wife while she lay in, and was there seven weeks. I never knew any ill of him in my life.</p>
<p>Both
<rs id="t17570713-18-verdict87" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-18-verdict87" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-18-punish88" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-18-punish88" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-18-defend152 t17570713-18-punish88"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-18-defend154 t17570713-18-punish88"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>There were two other indictments against them for crimes of the same nature.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-19">
<interp inst="t17570713-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-19-off89-c139" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-19-defend170 t17570713-19-off89 t17570713-19-verdict92"/>
<p>265. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-19-defend170" type="defendantName"> Edward Duffin
<interp inst="t17570713-19-defend170" type="surname" value="Duffin"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-defend170" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-defend170" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-19-off89" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-19-off89" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-off89" type="offenceSubcategory" value="housebreaking"/> that he on the
<rs id="t17570713-19-cd90" type="crimeDate">13th of June</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-19-off89 t17570713-19-cd90"/>, between the hours of two and three in the afternoon, the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17570713-19-victim172" type="victimName"> Thomas Tame
<interp inst="t17570713-19-victim172" type="surname" value="Tame"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-victim172" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-victim172" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-19-off89 t17570713-19-victim172"/> </persName> did break and enter, no person being therein, and six linen shirts, value 6 s. one pair of leather breeches, value 5 s. one hat, value 1 s. two 36 s. pieces, one guinea, and 5 s. in money number'd, the goods and money of
<persName id="t17570713-19-person173"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person173" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person173" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the dwelling house of the said
<persName id="t17570713-19-person174"> Thomas Tame
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person174" type="surname" value="Tame"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person174" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> did steal </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-19-person175"> Elizabeth Tame
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person175" type="surname" value="Tame"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person175" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person175" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner was my lodger, and I live at
<placeName id="t17570713-19-crimeloc91">Canford-Green</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-crimeloc91" type="placeName" value="Canford-Green"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-crimeloc91" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-19-off89 t17570713-19-crimeloc91"/>. Mr. Cox and the prisoner both lodged in one room, but had separate beds. I was not at home when the thing was done. I can only prove the shirts to be
<persName id="t17570713-19-person176"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person176" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person176" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's property.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-19-person177"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person177" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person177" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Six linen shirts, a pair of breeches, a hat, two 36 s. pieces, a guinea, and a crown piece, were taken out of a box in the same room I lie in. They are my property, but I was at work abroad when they were taken away.</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130018"/>
<persName id="t17570713-19-person178"> Thomas Easter
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person178" type="surname" value="Easter"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person178" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable; the prisoner was brought to me the next morning after the fact was committed, by Mr. Cox and others. We took him before justice Bevar, where he own'd he took all the things, and that they were the property of
<persName id="t17570713-19-person179"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person179" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person179" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and he delivered part of the money to Mr. Timberly, who took him.</p>
<p>Q. How much money did he deliver?</p>
<p>Easter. He deliver'd one 36 s. piece, one guinea, and a 5 s. piece, and own'd he had changed one 36 s. piece, and he delivered all that but 8 s. which he said he had laid out.</p>
<p>Mr. Timberly.
<persName id="t17570713-19-person180"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person180" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person180" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person180" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was pursuing the prisoner; I went one way and he another. I took him and carried him to a publick house, and there he pull'd out a handkerchief where the things were, and said they were all
<persName id="t17570713-19-person181"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person181" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person181" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's. He had one of the shirts on his back. He own'd he took them out of a box after he had broke the lock to it; he said the money also was
<persName id="t17570713-19-person182"> Adam Cox
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person182" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person182" type="given" value="Adam"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, and deliver'd it to me all but 8 s. and before justice Bevar he own'd the same.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-19-verdict92" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-19-verdict92" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-19-verdict92" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of felony only </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-19-punish93" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-19-punish93" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-19-defend170 t17570713-19-punish93"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-20">
<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-20-off95-c151" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-20-defend184 t17570713-20-off95 t17570713-20-verdict97"/>
<p>266. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-20-defend184" type="defendantName"> Sarah Cane
<interp inst="t17570713-20-defend184" type="surname" value="Cane"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-defend184" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-defend184" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-20-deflabel94" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-20-defend184 t17570713-20-deflabel94"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-20-off95" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-20-off95" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-off95" type="offenceSubcategory" value="forgery"/> publishing as true a forged and counterfeit bill of exchange </rs> to this purport:</p>
<p>''
<rs id="t17570713-20-cd96" type="crimeDate">May 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-20-off95 t17570713-20-cd96"/>, 1757,</p>
<p>'' One month after date please to pay to Mr. ''
<persName id="t17570713-20-person185"> John Welch
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person185" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person185" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , or order, the sum of 46 l. for value '' received, as per advice,</p>
<p>JONATHAN MORE.''</p>
<p>It was laid a second time for uttering as true a forged indorsement, by the name of
<persName id="t17570713-20-person186"> William Bosworth
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person186" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person186" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the back of it.</p>
<p>Also a third time for forging the name Isaac Lane to an order at the bottom of the bill, to this purport, '' Pay when due, Isaac Lane,'' and for publishing the same, well knowing it to have been forged, with an intent to defraud Hinton Brown, and Co.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-20-person187"> Charles Smith
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person187" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person187" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have been acquainted with Mr. Isaac Lane for many years.</p>
<p>Q. Have you ever seen him write?</p>
<p>Smith. I have, very often.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon this bill of exchange, the name Isaac Lane under the order.</p>
<p>Smith. This name I verily believe is not his writing.</p>
<p>Q. Can you with certainty say it is, or is not his writing?</p>
<p>Smith. I am very near as well acquainted with his hand writing as my own. I am of opinion this is no more his hand writing than it is mine.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-20-person188"> John Pett
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person188" type="surname" value="Pett"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person188" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person188" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a teller to Mess. Hinton Brown and Co. I am perfectly well acquainted with Mr. Isaac Lane's hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any of his hand-writing about you?</p>
<p>Pett. I have.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon the name Isaac Lane upon this order.</p>
<p>Pett. This is not Mr. Lane's hand-writing. (He produces a paper with Mr. Lane's name on it.) This is his real hand-writing. (The jury and bench examine the two papers together.)</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Smith. Look at this paper (that which Mr. Pett produced.)</p>
<p>Smith. If I had had an order for 500 l. on this I should have paid it, but the other I should not.</p>
<p>Q. What do you call this paper now in question?</p>
<p>Smith. It is a forged order to pay the bill of exchange; it is in the usual form of an order.</p>
<p>Q. to Pett. When did you see this bill of exchange?</p>
<p>Pett. The prisoner at the bar came to our house on the 14th of June last, and tender'd this bill for the payment of 46 l.</p>
<p>Q. Who are the partners?</p>
<p>Pett. Hinton and
<persName id="t17570713-20-person189"> James Brown
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person189" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person189" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . There was another young man received the bill out of her hand, and delivered it to me, it being my proper business to pay the money.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name?</p>
<p>Pett. His name is Foster. I saw her deliver it to him. Immediately after I read it, and considered the contents, I turned to the prisoner, and told her it was a forged bill; upon that she declared if it was a forgery, she was intirely innocent of it, for she received it in a post letter, either that or the proceeding day, and produced the letter, which is in my possession.</p>
<p>Q. What mark is upon it?</p>
<p>Pett. There is the Portsmouth mark upon it. I immediately carried the bill and letter to Mess. Brown, who were then at dinner, and told them my opinion of it; the woman waited in the shop till I return'd.</p>
<p>Q. Had she an opportunity of going away in that time?</p>
<p>Pett. There was no restraint laid upon her as I know of.</p>
<p>Q. Had you declared your opinion to her in the shop before?</p>
<p>Pett. I had publickly.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not leave direction with the other person in the shop to stop her if she offer'd to go away?</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130019"/>Pett. No, none at all. Mr. Brown came and told her it was a forgery, and she told him the same as she did me. During the time they were in conference, an acquaintance of Mr. Brown's came in, an officer was sent for, and she was taken before my Lord-mayor. I remember upon her being ask'd in Mr. Brown's compting-house who she received it from, she said she did not know the person that wrote the letter. Mr. Brown or somebody observed that it was something extraordinary she should receive a letter with a bill in it, to send down wines, and receive a reward for her trouble, without knowing the gentleman. She reply'd, as she was in a very public way, a great many gentlemen used her house that she might know, but could not recollect them.</p>
<p>Q. What way is she in?</p>
<p>Pett. She keeps wine vaults in Tavistock-court, Covent-Garden, and when before my Lord mayor she made the same reply as at Mess. Brown's. She was that evening sent to the Poultry Compter for farther examination. The next day she was brought before my Lord-mayor again, I and Mr. Isaac Lane were present. She made the same answers then to every particular, I don't remember she varied in any circumstance.</p>
<p>Q. When you told her it was forged, did she shew any signs of hesitation or guilt?</p>
<p>Pett. I perceiv'd no visible alteration in her, and she constantly persevered in the same story.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the letter?</p>
<p>Pett. This is it, and this is the case (holding them in his hand.)</p>
<p>Q. Did she give it into your hand voluntarily?</p>
<p>Pett. She did.</p>
<p>Q. Whether you have not had more bills brought you by other people, in the same kind of writing, drawn on the same person?</p>
<p>Pett. There have been several. There was one brought some time before this was, and another the day after.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Bridge in Johnson's Court?</p>
<p>Pett. I do. He brought that the day after she brought this.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of any inquiry after a person at Portsmouth, that is supposed to be the drawer of this bill?</p>
<p>Pett. Upon Mr. Bridge being stopt, he declared his innocence, and that he received the bill in a post letter that same day, sign'd
<persName id="t17570713-20-person190"> William Bosworth
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person190" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person190" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . He was ask'd if he knew such a person. He said some months before there was a gentleman that pass'd by that name.</p>
<p>The letter read to this purport.</p>
<p>Directed to Mrs. Cane, at the French Wine Vaults, Tavistock-Court, Covent-Garden, London.</p>
<p>'' On board the
<persName id="t17570713-20-person191"> Unity Guinea
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person191" type="surname" value="Guinea"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person191" type="given" value="Unity"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person191" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> man at Spithead.</p>
<p>Dear Madam,</p>
<p>As I have not at present an opportunity of coming to town, should esteem it as a favour, if you would get the inclosed note paid, which you may do by applying to Mess. Hinton Brown and Co. Bankers, in Lombard-street, who will pay the money on seeing the note, which I beg you'll do. You must write your name on the back under my name.</p>
<p>I beg you'll accept of a guinea for the favours I received from you, when in town. Pray give my respects to Betty and Polly, and tell them I'll pay them a visit as soon as possible, for I don't think I shall stay long on board this Guinea ship.</p>
<p>If you think fit, send me a dozen of wine, and deduct the money out of that you receive.</p>
<p>I remain, dear madam, Your friend and humble servant,
<persName id="t17570713-20-person192"> William Bosworth
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person192" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person192" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>The Portsmouth post mark, and 13th of June, on the back of the letter.</p>
<p>The Jury compare the letter and the bill.</p>
<p>Q. did she take any money?</p>
<p>Pett. She did not. She presented it for payment.</p>
<p>Q. Did she ask for the money?</p>
<p>Pett. No, but that does not admit of a doubt. I have paid a great many thousand pounds without speaking a word to the persons that brought the bills, or they to me.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I did not know it was forged, the bill and the letter came together. Neither do I know the person that sent it.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-20-person193"> Sarah Copping
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person193" type="surname" value="Copping"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person193" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person193" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live at Mr. Reynolds's, a taylor, in Long Acre. I get my living by doing plain work. Mrs. Cane sent for me on the 13th of June, at night, to read a letter for her; she could not make it out:</p>
<p>Q. Look at this letter?</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-20-person194"> Sarah Copping
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person194" type="surname" value="Copping"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person194" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person194" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . (She takes the letter and case in her hand.) This is it, here is a direction on it of my writing. She desir'd I'd write a direction on it, she then intending to send the letter, and not go herself.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any gentleman in the house when you came there ?</p>
<p>S. Copping. No, not one. The next day between eleven and twelve I was there again, and
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130020"/> heard a gentleman read it over. She said she had a letter out of the country, and she could not tell who it came from, but she said she thought it was from some gentleman that had used her house.</p>
<p>The jury desir'd she might write the same words in court, which were wrote on the letter for a direction.</p>
<p>She wrote the same, viz.</p>
<p>To Mess. Hinton Brown, and Co. in Lombard-street.</p>
<p>The jury compared them, and found the hand writing agree.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What did you write that direction on the back of the letter for?</p>
<p>S. Copping. For the porter to carry it.</p>
<p>Q. Are you frequently at Mrs. Cane's house?</p>
<p>S. Copping. I am.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe in the reading the letter the names of Miss Betsey and Miss Polly: Were there such persons in the house at that time?</p>
<p>S. Copping. There were two Betsey's, but never a Polly. There had been a Polly in the house, but she had been gone three months</p>
<p>Q. Do you know
<persName id="t17570713-20-person195"> William Bosworth
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person195" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person195" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>S. Copping. No, I do not. There are a great many people come to the house, and he may have come among the rest, but I do not know any body of that name.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-20-person196"> Joseph Harris
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person196" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person196" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a hosier and hatter, I live at the corner of Tavistock-Row. Mr. Price came to me, and told me Mrs. Cane had just shew'd him a note that came in a letter from Portsmouth, but she did not know any thing of the person, but imagined he had been at her house; and he ask'd me if there was such a person as Hinton Brown. He said it was drawn on a person at Wapping, and that it was very odd. I told him that was frequently done. He went and fetch'd the note, and it seemed to me to be a fair note.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this note ?</p>
<p>Harris. This is the same note. He said she intended to go for the money. I said she might send a porter, for they will pay it directly. She came afterwards to me, and ask'd my advice. She said she would go and receive the money herself, and said the reason of her going was, that she was to send the money down to Portsmouth by the stage, and was to have a guinea for her trouble, so one journey would serve for the whole.</p>
<p>Q. What day was this?</p>
<p>Harris. I can't say, but it was about the 14th or 15th of June. After that I was sent for to Mr. Brown's, and was before my Lord may or with her. She gave the same account there as she had done to me in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. Where is Mr. Price?</p>
<p>Harris. He is out of town, and I believe he was so at the time of the subpaena being taken out.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the letter?</p>
<p>Harris. No, I did not. She said she received one, and that she did not propose to send any wine down. I did not see the note in her custody.</p>
<p>Mr. Bridge. I received a letter from Portsmouth, with a draft in it, directed to Mess. Brown, in a frank.</p>
<p>Q. When did you receive it?</p>
<p>Bridge. I believe it was three weeks or a month ago last Tuesday.</p>
<p>Q. Who was it frank'd by?</p>
<p>Bridge. I forget now, because I gave it to Mr. Brown's teller.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon this?</p>
<p>Bridge. I believe this is it. I went on the Wednesday, the day after I received it, to receive the money. The letter was sign'd Bosworth. I took it to be one capt. Bosworth, that used to come to my house with capt. Murray.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Bridge. I keep the Cocoa-tree in Johnson's-Court, Charing-Cross.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this draft. (He takes it in his hand.)</p>
<p>Bridge. This I take to be the same hand writing as Mrs. Cane's is.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mess. Brown pay you the money?</p>
<p>Bridge. No, I was stop'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did that Bosworth owe you any thing?</p>
<p>Bridge. No, Nor I never had any dealings with him in my life.</p>
<p>Q. How was the letter directed to you?</p>
<p>Bridge. To Mr. Bridge, Johnson's Coffee-house, Johnson's-Court, Charing-Cross, from on board the
<persName id="t17570713-20-person197"> Unity Guinea
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person197" type="surname" value="Guinea"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person197" type="given" value="Unity"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person197" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> man, Spithead.</p>
<p>The letter read to this purport.</p>
<p>'' May the 10th, 1757.</p>
<p>SIR,</p>
<p>I should take it as a particular favour, if you'll receive the cash in the inclosed bill, which you may receive of Mess. Hinton Brown and Co. Please to send it by the coach, &c.</p>
<p>Your friend,
<persName id="t17570713-20-person198"> William Bosworth
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person198" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person198" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>Q. Have you any reason to believe that capt. Bosworth wrote this letter?</p>
<p>The Second Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.</p>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="t17570713-20">
<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<interp inst="t17570713-20" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130021"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Wednesday the 13th, Thursday the 14th, Friday the 15th, and Saturday the 16th of JULY.</p>
<p>In the Thirty-first Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER VI. PART II for the YEAR 1757. Being the Sixth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>LONDON:</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street. 1757.</p>
<p>[Price Four-pence.]</p>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130022"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, and Oyer and Terminer, for the City of LONDON, and at the General
<persName id="t17570713-20-person199"> Sessions
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person199" type="given" value="Sessions"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-20-person199" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City of LONDON, and County of MIDDLESEX, at Justice-Hall in the Old-Bailey, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>Bridge. NO, I am far from believing he did now.</p>
<p>Q. to Pett. Who presented this to you?</p>
<p>Pett. Mr. Bridge did, who was detained, and has given bail.</p>
<p>Bridge. I went down to Portsmouth, and was there four days; I inquired at all the offices, and got every officer's name there, by sea or land. I got the names out of the books of admiral Broderick.</p>
<p>Q. Is there a ship call'd the Unity?</p>
<p>Bridge. There is, but no such name belonging to her. I have received since a letter from a friend of mine (the surgeon on board the Alcide ) who says he made all the enquiry he could, and could find no such name. I went to the inn where the stage-coach puts up, but found no such person. I have found, by inquiring at the War-Office, that capt. Bosworth has been gone eight or nine months to America, as a captain in lord Loudon's regiment.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-20-verdict97" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-20-verdict97" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-21">
<interp inst="t17570713-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-21-off98-c167" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-21-defend201 t17570713-21-off98 t17570713-21-verdict101"/>
<p>267. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-21-defend201" type="defendantName"> Henry Wilson
<interp inst="t17570713-21-defend201" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-defend201" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-defend201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-21-off98" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-21-off98" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-off98" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing twenty-five pair of mens leather gloves, value 25 s. and 50 pair of other leather gloves, value 40 s. the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-21-victim203" type="victimName"> John Warriner
<interp inst="t17570713-21-victim203" type="surname" value="Warriner"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-victim203" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-victim203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570713-21-victim205" type="victimName"> Thomas Hartley
<interp inst="t17570713-21-victim205" type="surname" value="Hartley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-victim205" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-victim205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the warehouse of the said John and Thomas </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-21-cd99" type="crimeDate">June 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-21-off98 t17570713-21-cd99"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-21-person206"> Thomas Hartley
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person206" type="surname" value="Hartley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person206" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person206" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Warriner and I are partners, and the prisoner work'd for us.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Hartley. We are
<rs id="t17570713-21-viclabel100" type="occupation">glovers</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-21-victim203 t17570713-21-viclabel100"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-21-victim205 t17570713-21-viclabel100"/>.
<persName id="t17570713-21-person207"> James Figens
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person207" type="surname" value="Figens"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person207" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of our servants, came and told me, on the 28th of June last, that he had seen the prisoner take a parcel of gloves out of one of the presses, and convey them into his counter, where he work'd. I order'd Mr. Figens, our foreman, to wait upon a landing place on the stairs, and I went into a passage and look'd through a hole, to watch his carrying them off. I saw him take them out of the counter and put them into his pocket. He went out with them, and down Fish-Street-Hill. I pursued, and took him in Monument-Yard. I took him back to the door, sent for a constable, and took him to the constable's house, where we took from him twenty-five pair of mens leather gloves. ( Produced in court, and deposed to.) He own'd he took them, and acknowledged them to be our goods.</p>
<p>Q. What is the value of them?</p>
<p>Hartley. They cost us 25 s. He was carried before my Lord-mayor, where he confessed he had stole twelve other pair, and sold them to one Dukeshal, in Shoreditch, the Friday before. I got a search warrant, and went to his lodgings in Mint-Street, where I found more gloves of different sorts, one pair of which I can swear to. I went to him since he has been in Newgate, and there he confessed he stole twenty pair from us, and sold them to Dukeshal for 11 d. per pair; and also that he had stole others, and sold them to one Mitchel in Shoreditch</p>
<p>James Figens. I am foreman to Mess. Warriner and Hartley. On the 28th of June last I saw the prisoner take out these gloves ( taking a parcel in his hand) out of a cupboard in the sore warehouse. He carried them into a back warehouse, where he was at work, and wanted to put them into a cupboard there, but by accident it was lock'd. He open'd a counter, which I heard by a remarkable noise that it makes, and as I found afterwards he had put them in there. I sent him to look at the press, with which we press our gloves, to see if it was not out of order; then I look'd and found the gloves there cover'd with a skin. I let them lie, and went and told Mr. Hartley the case; then I shew'd Mr. Hartley a little hole, where he might look through and see the prisoner put the gloves
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130023"/> in his pockets, and I went to stand in a place to watch him. I saw him going out at the door. I went to the counter and saw the gloves were gone. I gave the signal, saying he is gone. Mr. Hartley followed and laid hold of him at the corner of the Monument. I was at the searching of him, and saw the twenty five pair of gloves found upon him. We took him before my Lord-mayor, and there he said but little; only he confessed he took them out of the warehouse, and whose property they were. I heard him acknowledge after that, that he stole from my masters one dozen and twenty pair, and sold them to Mr. Mitchel.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any promise made him to induce him to confess?</p>
<p>Figens. No, none at all.</p>
<p>The prisoner said nothing in his defence, but call'd the following persons to his character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-21-person208"> Leonard Welstead
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person208" type="surname" value="Welstead"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person208" type="given" value="Leonard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who had known him about twenty years;
<persName id="t17570713-21-person209"> Thomas Hyde
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person209" type="surname" value="Hyde"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person209" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , above twenty;
<persName id="t17570713-21-person210"> Andrew Sherry
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person210" type="surname" value="Sherry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person210" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , above sixteen;
<persName id="t17570713-21-person211"> Samuel Brooks
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person211" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person211" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , ten;
<persName id="t17570713-21-person212"> Thomas Codsell
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person212" type="surname" value="Codsell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person212" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , 28;
<persName id="t17570713-21-person213"> Richard Hitchcock
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person213" type="surname" value="Hitchcock"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person213" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , fifteen or sixteen; Thomas Cooper, ten;
<persName id="t17570713-21-person214"> John Godfrey
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person214" type="surname" value="Godfrey"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person214" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , 22; and
<persName id="t17570713-21-person215"> George Hipsley
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person215" type="surname" value="Hipsley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person215" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 24, who all gave him a good character, exclusive of the charge in question.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-21-verdict101" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-21-verdict101" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-21-verdict101" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty, 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-21-punish102" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-21-punish102" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-21-defend201 t17570713-21-punish102"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-22">
<interp inst="t17570713-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-22-off104-c180" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-22-defend217 t17570713-22-off104 t17570713-22-verdict106"/>
<p>268. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-22-defend217" type="defendantName"> Esther Conner
<interp inst="t17570713-22-defend217" type="surname" value="Conner"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22-defend217" type="given" value="Esther"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22-defend217" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-22-deflabel103" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-22-defend217 t17570713-22-deflabel103"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-22-off104" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-22-off104" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22-off104" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pair of leather pumps, value 1 s. 6 d. and two pieces of leather, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-22-victim219" type="victimName"> Thomas Symmonds
<interp inst="t17570713-22-victim219" type="surname" value="Symmonds"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22-victim219" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-22-victim219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-22-off104 t17570713-22-victim219"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-22-cd105" type="crimeDate">May 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-22-off104 t17570713-22-cd105"/>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-22-verdict106" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-22-verdict106" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-23">
<interp inst="t17570713-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-23-off107-c182" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-23-defend221 t17570713-23-off107 t17570713-23-verdict109"/>
<p>269. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-23-defend221" type="defendantName"> Thomas Wood
<interp inst="t17570713-23-defend221" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-defend221" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-defend221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-23-off107" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-23-off107" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-off107" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> that he, together with
<persName id="t17570713-23-person222"> John Royston
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person222" type="surname" value="Royston"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person222" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17570713-23-person223"> Bradley Jackson
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person223" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person223" type="given" value="Bradley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17570713-23-person224"> Thomas Rowland
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person224" type="surname" value="Rowland"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person224" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-person224" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , did steal two hens, value 2 s. </rs>the property of
<persName id="t17570713-23-victim226" type="victimName"> James Milner
<interp inst="t17570713-23-victim226" type="surname" value="Milner"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-victim226" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-23-victim226" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-23-off107 t17570713-23-victim226"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-23-cd108" type="crimeDate">June 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-23-off107 t17570713-23-cd108"/>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-23-verdict109" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-23-verdict109" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-24">
<interp inst="t17570713-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-24-off111-c187" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-24-defend227 t17570713-24-off111 t17570713-24-verdict114"/>
<p>270. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-24-defend227" type="defendantName"> Ann Wall
<interp inst="t17570713-24-defend227" type="surname" value="Wall"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-defend227" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-defend227" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-24-deflabel110" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-24-defend227 t17570713-24-deflabel110"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-24-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-24-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty guineas </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17570713-24-victim229" type="victimName"> Zachary King
<interp inst="t17570713-24-victim229" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-victim229" type="given" value="Zachary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-victim229" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-24-off111 t17570713-24-victim229"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-24-cd112" type="crimeDate">June 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-24-off111 t17570713-24-cd112"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-24-person230"> Zachary King
<interp inst="t17570713-24-person230" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-person230" type="given" value="Zachary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was my
<rs id="t17570713-24-deflabel113" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-24-defend227 t17570713-24-deflabel113"/>. On the 9th of June I went out of town; when I came home again the prisoner had given my sister warning, and was gone. There were but us three lived in the house. I went to see if I had lost any thing, and missed twenty guineas. I found the prisoner and took her before justice Fielding, where she was searched, and twenty guineas were found upon her. The justice ask'd her whether she took it from me or not, and she said yes.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-24-person231"> Joshua Cricket
<interp inst="t17570713-24-person231" type="surname" value="Cricket"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-person231" type="given" value="Joshua"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-24-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was charged before justice Fielding with stealing twenty guineas, the property of the prosecutor. She was ordered to be searched by a woman, and I to stand by at the time; there were three guineas and a half found in her pocket. I observing her pincushion insisted upon that to be open'd. It was open'd, and seventeen guineas were found in it. Then she own'd she took it, and that it was her master's property. The pincushion produced.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Have you your money again?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I have.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The money in my pincushion I work'd for above twenty years, and the three guineas and a half I saved in my master's service.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-24-verdict114" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-24-verdict114" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-24-punish115" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-24-punish115" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-24-defend227 t17570713-24-punish115"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-25">
<interp inst="t17570713-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-25-off116-c191" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-defend233 t17570713-25-off116 t17570713-25-verdict121"/>
<p>271. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-25-defend233" type="defendantName"> Miles Kelley
<interp inst="t17570713-25-defend233" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-defend233" type="given" value="Miles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-defend233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-25-off116" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-25-off116" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-off116" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one cloth coat, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-25-victim235" type="victimName"> Thomas Lloyd
<interp inst="t17570713-25-victim235" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-victim235" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-victim235" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-off116 t17570713-25-victim235"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-25-viclabel117" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-victim235 t17570713-25-viclabel117"/>;
<rs id="t17570713-25-cd118" type="crimeDate">June 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-off116 t17570713-25-cd118"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-25-person236"> Thomas Knight
<interp inst="t17570713-25-person236" type="surname" value="Knight"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-person236" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> deposed that as he was sitting in the coach at
<placeName id="t17570713-25-crimeloc119">Guildhall</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="Guildhall"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-25-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-off116 t17570713-25-crimeloc119"/>, while his master was attending the court of common-pleas, he observed his coat to move. He got out and catch'd the prisoner putting it into a bag, upon which he was secured.</p>
<p>The prisoner in his defence said, he was an
<rs id="t17570713-25-deflabel120" type="occupation">Irishman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-defend233 t17570713-25-deflabel120"/>, and had been in London but a little time, that he was very sickly, had a very bad memory, and did not remember the coach, prosecutor, nor coat.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-25-verdict121" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-25-verdict121" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-25-punish122" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-25-punish122" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-25-defend233 t17570713-25-punish122"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-26">
<interp inst="t17570713-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-26-off123-c194" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-26-defend238 t17570713-26-off123 t17570713-26-verdict128"/>
<p>272. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-26-defend238" type="defendantName"> Barnaby Junis
<interp inst="t17570713-26-defend238" type="surname" value="Junis"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-defend238" type="given" value="Barnaby"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-defend238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-26-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-26-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one linen sheet, value 2 s. three pictures, value 12 d. one pair of china salts, one china cup, and five china bottles </rs>, the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-26-victim240" type="victimName"> Mary Griffin
<interp inst="t17570713-26-victim240" type="surname" value="Griffin"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-victim240" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-victim240" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-26-off123 t17570713-26-victim240"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-26-viclabel124" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-26-victim240 t17570713-26-viclabel124"/>,
<rs id="t17570713-26-cd125" type="crimeDate">June 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-26-off123 t17570713-26-cd125"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-26-person241"> Mary Griffin
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person241" type="surname" value="Griffin"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person241" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person241" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17570713-26-viclabel126" type="occupation">I keep a coffee-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-26-victim240 t17570713-26-viclabel126"/> in
<placeName id="t17570713-26-crimeloc127">Aldersgate-Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-crimeloc127" type="placeName" value="Aldersgate-Street"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-crimeloc127" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-26-off123 t17570713-26-crimeloc127"/>. June the 24th, in the morning,
<persName id="t17570713-26-person242"> Eleanor Downs
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person242" type="surname" value="Downs"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person242" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person242" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> call'd to me, and said there is a thief gone through the back yard. I went and saw the prisoner with a handkerchief in his hand. I call'd out murder, thieves. He threw the handkerchief over a wall, and it was brought to me with my china in it broken.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-26-person243"> Eleanor Downs
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person243" type="surname" value="Downs"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person243" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person243" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I got up on Midsummer-day, in the morning, and open'd the windows, and about six o'clock I heard a noise; I look'd, and saw the prisoner at a bed. as if he was going to take some of the things off. I call'd out. He ran through the yard, and Mrs. Griffin followed him. He had a handkerchief in his hand. This china was all whole the day before in Mrs. Griffin's house. When the prisoner was taken he own'd the handkerchief
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130024"/> that the china was found in, on the other side of the wall.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I belong to the Princess Royal man of war. I came on shore and got some liquor, and did not know where I was.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-26-person244"> Thomas Kendal
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person244" type="surname" value="Kendal"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person244" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-26-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and his wife deposed the prisoner lodged with them about ten years ago, and that they never heard any ill of him before.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-26-verdict128" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-26-verdict128" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-27">
<interp inst="t17570713-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-27-off129-c200" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-27-defend246 t17570713-27-off129 t17570713-27-verdict130"/>
<p>273. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-27-defend246" type="defendantName"> John Pritchard
<interp inst="t17570713-27-defend246" type="surname" value="Pritchard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-defend246" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-defend246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-27-off129" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-27-off129" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-off129" type="offenceSubcategory" value="returnFromTransportation"/> returning from transportation, before the expiration of his time </rs>.</p>
<p>A certificate of his conviction was read, by which it appeared he was tried and convicted at Hereford Assizes, on the 24th of March, 1756, for stealing eight dozen bottles, fill'd with cyder, value 10 s. and one drinking glass, &c. the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-27-person247"> John Morgan
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person247" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person247" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Jan. 10, 1756. And in consequence thereof was ordered to be transported for seven years.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-27-person248"> Richard Allen
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person248" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person248" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Hereford. I was an evidence against the prisoner at Hereford Assizes. He was convicted and received sentence of transportation.</p>
<p>Q. What was he tried for?</p>
<p>Allen. For stealing some cyder, the property of
<persName id="t17570713-27-person249"> John Morgan
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person249" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person249" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-27-person250"> George Penner
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person250" type="surname" value="Penner"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person250" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-27-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the Saturday before last sessions I took the prisoner in Grosvenor Street, upon an information from the gaoler at Hereford.</p>
<p>Q. Was he at large when you saw him there?</p>
<p>Penner. He was.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I have been at sea, and have a large family. I beg I may be sent to sea again.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-27-verdict130" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-27-verdict130" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-27-punish131" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-27-punish131" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-27-defend246 t17570713-27-punish131"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-28">
<interp inst="t17570713-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-28-off132-c205" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-28-defend252 t17570713-28-off132 t17570713-28-verdict135"/>
<p>274. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-28-defend252" type="defendantName"> Richard Robinson
<interp inst="t17570713-28-defend252" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-defend252" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-defend252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-28-off132" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-28-off132" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-off132" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing one brown gelding, value 5 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-28-victim254" type="victimName"> Daniel Jackson
<interp inst="t17570713-28-victim254" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-victim254" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-victim254" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-28-off132 t17570713-28-victim254"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-28-cd133" type="crimeDate">June 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-28-off132 t17570713-28-cd133"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-28-person255"> Weston Gowers
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person255" type="surname" value="Gowers"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person255" type="given" value="Weston"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . My brother
<persName id="t17570713-28-person256"> Daniel Jackson
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person256" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person256" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> lost a brown-bay gelding, from out of his ground at
<placeName id="t17570713-28-crimeloc134">Chedwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-crimeloc134" type="placeName" value="Chedwell"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-crimeloc134" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-28-off132 t17570713-28-crimeloc134"/>, in Essex, near Tilbury Fort, on Friday the 17th of June, at about eight o'clock at night; I had seen it a little before.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-28-person257"> William Curtise
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person257" type="surname" value="Curtise"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person257" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 17th of June I found this horse in Smithfield. I ask'd the person, whose name was Waters, who he had him of; he said he had just bought him of Mr. Lewis. I went with him to Lewis, and told him it was a neighbour's horse of mine, and that he was stolen. Waters delivered the horse to me, and Lewis returned him his money. Lewis said he had the horse of the prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-28-person258"> Richard Lewis
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person258" type="surname" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person258" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner several years. I bought the horse, which the last witness said was
<persName id="t17570713-28-person259"> Daniel Jackson
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person259" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person259" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, of the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>On the 4th of last June, in the afternoon, while I was at Mr. Fox's in Kingsland Road, one
<persName id="t17570713-28-person260"> Edward Small
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person260" type="surname" value="Small"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person260" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person260" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came and ask'd the landlord if he'd buy a horse, who told him I bought and sold horses. He said he was at the Black Horse in that road. I went with him, and there bought that horse of him, which the evidence claim'd as
<persName id="t17570713-28-person261"> Daniel Jackson
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person261" type="surname" value="Jackson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person261" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person261" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, for 40 s.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-28-person262"> Thomas Fox
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person262" type="surname" value="Fox"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person262" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at the Fox in Kingsland Road. The prisoner brought a horse to grass to me, and had a dram of anniseed. Then Edward Small came in and said he had got a horse to sell, and said it was at the Black Horse, the house of Mr. Hall; the prisoner went with him, and came back again with the horse, and said he had bought him. He was a darkish brown horse with one eye.</p>
<p>Gowers. That horse of Jackson's had but one eye.</p>
<p>Mr. Hall. I keep the Black Horse in Kingsland Road. On the 4th of June in the morning,
<persName id="t17570713-28-person263"> Edward Small
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person263" type="surname" value="Small"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person263" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> brought a darkish brown horse to my house, after that he and the prisoner came, then the prisoner had him out to ride, and they agreed for him for two guineas. He paid Small the money, and Small gave the prisoner a receipt. I put my name to it. (The prisoner produc'd a receipt.)</p>
<p>Hall. This is it. It is read.</p>
<p>'' June the 4th, 1757. Receiv'd of
<persName id="t17570713-28-person264"> Richard Robinson
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person264" type="surname" value="Robinson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person264" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person264" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 2 l. 2 s. for a brown one ey'd gelding, about 14 hands and an inch, being in full.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-28-person265"> Edward Small
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person265" type="surname" value="Small"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person265" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-28-person265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>Q. to Gowers. What size was that horse?</p>
<p>Gowers. About the height mention'd in the receipt.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-28-verdict135" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-28-verdict135" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-29">
<interp inst="t17570713-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-29-off136-c218" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-29-defend267 t17570713-29-off136 t17570713-29-verdict139"/>
<p>275. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-29-defend267" type="defendantName"> James Wales
<interp inst="t17570713-29-defend267" type="surname" value="Wales"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-defend267" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-defend267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-29-off136" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-29-off136" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-off136" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> that he being moved by the instigation of the devil, not regarding the order of nature, on the
<rs id="t17570713-29-cd137" type="crimeDate">24th of April</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-29-off136 t17570713-29-cd137"/>, 1757, with force and arms, in the parish of Fulham, in Middlesex, on a certain beast, call'd a mare, then and there being, wickedly and feloniously did lay his hands, and did carnally know
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130025"/> and that detestable crime call'd buggery did commit and perpetrate </rs>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-29-person268"> Peter Garry
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person268" type="surname" value="Garry"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person268" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 24th of April last I rode on my mare to Parsons Green.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Garry. I live in Long-Acre. I expected to meet a friend or two from London at
<placeName id="t17570713-29-crimeloc138">Parsons-Green</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-crimeloc138" type="placeName" value="Parsons-Green"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-crimeloc138" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-29-off136 t17570713-29-crimeloc138"/>, but they not being come when I got there, I put up at the Peterborough-Arms, facing Peterborough House, then put my mare into the stable, and order'd her bitt to be taken out of her mouth, and her girth slack'd, and that she should have some hay. Then I left the stable, and went into the house, and call'd for a bottle of Yorkshire ale and a paper of tobacco, to enjoy myself till my friends came.</p>
<p>Q. Had they appointed to meet you there?</p>
<p>Garry. No, they had not, but they frequently go there, and one of them came before I went away; and having no company before they came, I fill'd a glass of ale, and lighted my pipe, and began to smoke; then I walk'd towards the stable door, to see if my mare was feeding, the prisoner was in the stable (the first time I ever saw him) along with the hostler; my mare did not feed, and I said she is very warm, and will feed by and by; then I came out of the stable, and left the prisoner and hostler there, and return'd to the house, which is some little distance from the stable. I drank another glass of my ale, and my company not being come I walk'd down to the stable again, and found the stable door shut; not thinking proper to disturb the horses, I passed the door, but there being a window that shuts up with a wooden shutter, which was latch'd up with a piece of leather, I look'd therefrom into the stable, and saw my mare and a man's head about her. I wonder'd what the man was doing, and thrust my head further into the window, and saw the prisoner at the bar in the act of beastiality with my mare, standing upon something that he had put cross the stall, about a foot and half high. I was surprized and shock'd thereat; and seeing Mr. Campbell smoaking a pipe at the house door, who was a stranger to me, I went up to him, and desired him to step with me to the stable, and told him the occasion, and he went with me, and observed the prisoner's actions in the stable from the window; then Mr. Campbell went away, and brought two other men from a greater distance from the stable than he was when I went to him.</p>
<p>Q. How far might Mr. Campbell be from that window when you went to him?</p>
<p>Garry. He was about twenty-five yards distance; the other two witnesses came back along with Mr. Campbell, and saw the prisoner in the action I first saw him in; but some noise being made, he was alarm'd and turn'd his head about, and saw us all at the window, and then he withdrew from the mare.</p>
<p>Q. How near were you all to the prisoner?</p>
<p>Garry. I could have reach'd him with my hand whip, and struck him cross the back; and being a good deal incensed against him, I went into the stable and horse-whip'd him all the while he kept doing up his breeches, they being quite down when I first went in. He kept crying out. What do you horse-whip me for, I have been doing nothing but putting the cloth over your man ? I said you had no occasion to have put your breeches down for that, I believe you have been doing that which will bring you to an unfortunate end.</p>
<p>Q. How wide is the stall?</p>
<p>Garry. I suppose about six foot wide. The thing he stood upon was either a piece of deal, or pitchfork, or broom, or something of that sort. I believe I should have neglected prosecuting the prisoner, had he not been very insolent, for when I was got to my pipe again, the prisoner being postilion to a post chaise that had brought down some gentry, as he was putting his horses to the chaise, he turn'd back, and seeing me at the door he held up his hand or whip, and said, I'll do for you for horse-whipping of me; whereupon, seeing him so very outrageous, I laid hold of him, and said public justice should be done on him, and then with some assistance he was carried before a justice of the peace at Fulham, who committed him to New-Prison; my mare is since dead.</p>
<p>Mr. Campbell. Whilst I was sitting on a bench in the yard at the Peterborough-Arms, Mr. Garry, a person I had never seen before, came to me, seemingly in some confusion, and pull'd me by the arm, and said pray step this way. I said where, he still beg'd I'd go with him, and I went accordingly, and when we were got about half way to the stable, he said you'll see something that will surprize you, there is a little fellow buggering my mare in the stable. I went up to the stable window, and found what he had said to me was true, and was very much shock'd thereat; I then ran and beg'd of Mr. Sayer and Mr. Bedford to come back to the stable window with me, telling them what I had seen; accordingly they forthwith came, and found the prisoner much in the position as I had left him in, I was gone above a minute.</p>
<p>Q. What did he stand upon?</p>
<p>Campbell. I can't say that, but as we look'd in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130026"/> at the window, my hat made a little noise against the window shutter, and thereupon the prisoner turn'd his head about and look'd at us, and drop'd down behind the mare. Then Mr. Garry went in and horse whip'd the prisoner, after which I went into the house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe the prisoner's breeches to be down?</p>
<p>Campbell. I did not.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-29-person269"> John Sayer
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person269" type="surname" value="Sayer"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person269" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was drinking at the Peterborough Arms on Parsons Green, on Sunday the 24th of April. Mr. Campbell came to me and Mr. Bedford, and desired us to step with him to the stable window, which we did, and there saw the prisoner in beastiality with a mare; there being four of us we made the window dark, or else by somebody rushing against the window shutter the prisoner was disturb'd, and drop'd down from the mare; on which I said to Mr. Garry, Sir, go in and horse-whip him, for I think he deserves it very much, and here is a pond near, which he ought to be drag'd thro'; thereupon I went into the stable with Mr. Garry, and saw the p risoner's breeches quite down, and he endeavoured to put them up all the time Mr. Garry was horse whipping of him, but when the prisoner came out to put his horse to, he began to use Mr. Garry with ill manners, and call'd him names; then Mr. Garry went up to him, and said he should be prosecuted. He laid hold of him, and we assisted to secure the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. What had I in my hand?</p>
<p>Sayer. Nothing as I know of.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-29-person270"> John Bedford
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person270" type="surname" value="Bedford"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person270" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . When Mr. Campbell came to call me, and told me I should see something not common, I went, and there were four of us at the window together, which darken'd it, but there-from we saw the prisoner behaving in a very improper manner, and something rushing against the window, he turn'd his head about and observed us, and then drop'd down from the mare, and endeavoured to pull the cloth that was upon the mare over her back. Mr. Garry went in and horse whip'd him, and the prisoner seemed to be bustling as if he was putting his breeches up at the time he was horse-whipped.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. What did you see in my hand?</p>
<p>Bedford. I did not see you had any thing in your hand.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was making water between my horse and the gentleman's mare, and she had shaken the cloth off her. I took and threw it over her again, and he presently came into the stable, and fell a strikeing of me, I had the bridle in my hand at the time; there was nothing in the stable but a broom, a fork and a shovel.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-29-person271"> Joseph Goad
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person271" type="surname" value="Goad"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person271" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner had a pair of horses in that stable, and the mare stood in a stall between them. I had the care of the horses in the stable. I went out of the stable after the mare was there, and left the prisoner, and was not in the stable for an hour after.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This is the man that was in the stable with the prisoner the first time I went to the stable.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. What time did you put your mare in the stable?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. About half an hour after three. She had been in the stable about an hour and a half before the prisoner was secured.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-29-person272"> Simon Prish
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person272" type="surname" value="Prish"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person272" type="given" value="Simon"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-29-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner is upwards of sixteen years of age, and has lived in several noblemen's families. I believe he is the first of his family that ever was within side a prison. I ask'd Mr. Bedford in this court yard if he saw any thing of this affair, he said yes. Then I ask'd him what, and he said, he did not come till all was over.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-29-verdict139" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-29-verdict139" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-29-punish140" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-29-punish140" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-29-defend267 t17570713-29-punish140"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-30">
<interp inst="t17570713-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-30-off141-c224" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-defend273 t17570713-30-off141 t17570713-30-verdict144"/>
<p>276. (L.)
<persName id="t17570713-30-defend273" type="defendantName"> Charles Steward , otherwise
<rs id="t17570713-30-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-defend273 t17570713-30-alias-2"/>Conner</rs>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-defend273" type="surname" value="Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-defend273" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-defend273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-30-off141" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-30-off141" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-off141" type="offenceSubcategory" value="fraud"/> that he, together with John Green, not taken, did conspire to cheat and defraud
<persName id="t17570713-30-victim276" type="victimName"> Joseph Hicks
<interp inst="t17570713-30-victim276" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-victim276" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-victim276" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-off141 t17570713-30-victim276"/> </persName> of a forrel gelding, value 6 l. by divers arts and pretences </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-30-cd142" type="crimeDate">March 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-off141 t17570713-30-cd142"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-30-person277"> Joseph Hicks
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person277" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person277" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person277" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<rs id="t17570713-30-viclabel143" type="occupation">coachman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-victim276 t17570713-30-viclabel143"/> to Mr. Howard in Hatton-Garden. On the 31st of March the prisoner and one Green, not taken, came to me at the George in Leather-Lane, and the prisoner agreed to give me 6 l. for a forrel gelding. He desired I would take him to the Bell Savage-inn on Ludgate-Hill, where I was to be paid; I went. They ordered the hostler to put him into the stable. Then the prisoner said to me, you must go with me to the Temple-Exchange coffee house, and there I will pay you for him. Then we all three went out with an intent to go there, but before we got there Green gave me the slip, and went away. When the prisoner got me to the coffee-house, and had kept me about ten minutes, I desired him to pay me, for I could not stay. He said have a little patience, Green is gone to change a 20 l. bank note. When I began to be impatient he said I believe I can find Green, he is gone to Symond's inn cellar, Chancery-Lane. We set out from thence
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130027"/> in order to go there. When we came there he said to the landlord, has Green been here? The landlord said no. Then he said my wife by, and if she is at home I can a will for the horse. I went with him to a place near Fetter-Lane, where a woman said she was gone out. Then he said we must go to Symond's inn-cellar again, which we did. Then he ask'd the landlord if Green had been there since we went out. The landlord said no. Then he said, come coachman let us drink a tankard of beer. I said I could not stay. Said he you think I want to cheat you out of your horse; if I can't pay you, you can but have him again, so you may go and take him. I said, then you must go along with me. He said, I will not. I said, they will not let me have him, for he was delivered in your name. I desired the landlord to get a porter, in order to send to the Bell-Savage-Inn for the horse. A porter came, and I gave him an order to go for the horse; then the prisoner said he'd go along with me, so I call'd the porter back. We went down Chancery-Lane, almost to the bottom of Fleet-street. He said, suppose the horse should be gone from thence. I said, nobody can take a horse of your's or mine without an order. When I got there I inquired of the hostle, who said a porter had been for him, and had taken him away. I ask'd him whose name he came in. He said the prisoner had given a note to him before I went out of the yard: The contents were, to deliver the horse to any man that should come for him.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner by at this conversation ?</p>
<p>Hicks. He was. The hostler gave me the note. I said to the prisoner your name is
<persName id="t17570713-30-person278"> Charles Steward
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person278" type="surname" value="Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person278" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person278" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , is it? He said yes. Said I, you remember you have not paid me for it. D - n your horse said he, I know nothing of him, he is gone from hence. I said I shall detain you till you find either money or horse.</p>
<p>Q. How was the prisoner dressed then?</p>
<p>Hicks. In a light colour'd coat and waistcoat embroider'd with gold. He was carried to the compter in that dress. I remember he had another coat on the next day, when he came to go before my Lord mayor. Six days after this Green sent me word, by some acquaintance, I might have my horse again. I ordered him to bring him to the Horse and Groom, in Eagle Street, by Red Lion-Square, where he sent him, and I had him again. Since the prisoner has been in Newgate he sent for me, and desired me not to appear against him.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-30-person279"> William Bretrage
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person279" type="surname" value="Bretrage"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person279" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 31st of March, in the evening, I was at the George in Leather Lane, where I saw Mr. Hicks, the prisoner, and Green bargaining for a chesnut gelding; they agreed for 6 l. The prisoner gave Mr. Hicks a shilling, and bid them take to the Bell Savage Ludgate Hill, and deliver him; and he was to pay the rest of the money. Mr. Hicks took away the horse directly.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-30-person280"> Alexander Coning
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person280" type="surname" value="Coning"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person280" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I remember a chestnut-horse being brought to the B age-Inn on the 31st of March, by
<persName id="t17570713-30-person281"> Joseph Hicks
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person281" type="surname" value="Hicks"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person281" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who said he had sold him to the prisoner at the bar. The prisoner was there, who ordered Hicks to deliver him to me, and the prisoner ordered me to give him a feed of corn, and said he shou'd send for him as soon as he had eat his corn, and delivered me a note. Produced and read.</p>
<p>'' Hostler, deliver my sorrel horse to the bearer, '' upon paying for his standing, your's,</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-30-person282"> CHARLES STEWARD
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person282" type="surname" value="STEWARD"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person282" type="given" value="CHARLES"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>March 3, 1757.</p>
<p>About half an hour or three quarters after, a porter, named
<persName id="t17570713-30-person283"> David Pugh
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person283" type="surname" value="Pugh"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person283" type="given" value="David"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , came for him, and I delivered him the horse.</p>
<p>Q. Where is he?</p>
<p>Coning. He is not here.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Was it not with Mr. Hick's consent, that I should send for the horse when I thought proper?</p>
<p>Coning. I know nothing of any consent of Mr. Hicks.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>This horse was brought by Mr. Hicks in order to be delivered to me when I sent for him. Green came to an unfortunate man in the Press yard in Newgate, Mr. Gatewood, who was executed for robbing the mail, about sending money into the country to subpoena witnesses for him, and he ran away from me, and took the horse unknown to me. When I was going to advertise the horse Green got knowledge of it, and he sent the horse to Mr Hicks. If my consinement has not been a sufficient punishment for the crime, and the court find me guilty, I hope I shall be sent on board a ship to serve my king and country.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-30-verdict144" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-30-verdict144" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-30-punish145" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-30-punish145" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-punish145" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="pillory"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-defend273 t17570713-30-punish145"/>
<note>[Pillory. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-30-punish146" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-30-punish146" type="punishmentCategory" value="imprison"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-punish146" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="newgate"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-defend273 t17570713-30-punish146"/>
<note>[Imprisonment. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-30-punish147" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-30-punish147" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-30-punish147" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="sureties"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-30-defend273 t17570713-30-punish147"/>
<note>[Provide sureties for good behaviour. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-31">
<interp inst="t17570713-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-31" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-31" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-31-off148-c233" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-31-defend284 t17570713-31-off148 t17570713-31-verdict149"/>
<p>277.
<persName id="t17570713-31-defend284" type="defendantName"> James Wright
<interp inst="t17570713-31-defend284" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-31-defend284" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-31-defend284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-31-off148" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-31-off148" type="offenceCategory" value="deception"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-31-off148" type="offenceSubcategory" value="perjury"/> wilful and corrupt perjury </rs>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-31-verdict149" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-31-verdict149" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570713-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-32-off150-c234" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-32-defend285 t17570713-32-off150 t17570713-32-verdict152"/>
<p>278. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-32-defend285" type="defendantName"> Joseph Eliot
<interp inst="t17570713-32-defend285" type="surname" value="Eliot"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32-defend285" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32-defend285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-32-off150" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-32-off150" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32-off150" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing 6 s. in money number'd, the money of
<persName id="t17570713-32-victim287" type="victimName"> Daniel Clayton
<interp inst="t17570713-32-victim287" type="surname" value="Clayton"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32-victim287" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-32-victim287" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-32-off150 t17570713-32-victim287"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17570713-32-cd151" type="crimeDate">May 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-32-off150 t17570713-32-cd151"/>.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-32-verdict152" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-32-verdict152" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-33">
<interp inst="t17570713-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-33-off153-c236" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-33-defend289 t17570713-33-off153 t17570713-33-verdict155"/>
<p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175707130028"/>279. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-33-defend289" type="defendantName"> Robert Mason
<interp inst="t17570713-33-defend289" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33-defend289" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33-defend289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-33-off153" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-33-off153" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33-off153" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one copper tea kettle, value 2 s. and one flat-iron, value 12 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570713-33-victim291" type="victimName"> Christopher Mason
<interp inst="t17570713-33-victim291" type="surname" value="Mason"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33-victim291" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-33-victim291" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-33-off153 t17570713-33-victim291"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-33-cd154" type="crimeDate">December 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-33-off153 t17570713-33-cd154"/>.</p>
<p>This appearing to be a family wrangle betwixt two brothers, the jury
<rs id="t17570713-33-verdict155" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-33-verdict155" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs> the prisoner.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570713-34" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<interp inst="t17570713-34" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-34-off156-c238" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-34-defend293 t17570713-34-off156 t17570713-34-verdict158"/>
<p>280. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-34-defend293" type="defendantName"> Patrick Queal
<interp inst="t17570713-34-defend293" type="surname" value="Queal"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-defend293" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-defend293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-34-off156" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-34-off156" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-off156" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one wooden chest, value 10 s. and twenty-seven guineas </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17570713-34-victim295" type="victimName"> Patrick Quinn
<interp inst="t17570713-34-victim295" type="surname" value="Quinn"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-victim295" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-victim295" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-34-off156 t17570713-34-victim295"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-34-cd157" type="crimeDate">Nov. 30, 1750</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-34-off156 t17570713-34-cd157"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-34-person296"> Patrick Quinn
<interp inst="t17570713-34-person296" type="surname" value="Quinn"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-person296" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-34-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in the parish of St. Giles's in the Fields. My landlord and I had a little difference together. He was a little hot headed. I was afraid he'd come and seize, though I owned him nothing. I desired a man that boarded with me to take the chest and twenty seven guineas in money out of the house, to a neighbour's two or three doors from me, and I have never seen the money nor chest since.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?</p>
<p>Quinn. I believe the prisoner is the man, but I and not sure; it is a great while ago.</p>
<p>Q. How long ago?</p>
<p>Quinn. About seven years ago.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to be so cruel as to take up a man that you do not know?</p>
<p>Quinn. I took him up, but whether he is or is not the man I can't tell.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-34-verdict158" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-34-verdict158" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570713-35" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<interp inst="t17570713-35" type="date" value="17570713"/>
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<p>281. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-35-defend298" type="defendantName"> William Williams
<interp inst="t17570713-35-defend298" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-defend298" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-defend298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-35-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-35-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="sodomy"/> making an assault on
<persName id="t17570713-35-victim300" type="victimName"> Thomas Smith
<interp inst="t17570713-35-victim300" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-victim300" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-victim300" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-35-off159 t17570713-35-victim300"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-35-viclabel160" type="occupation">an infant about twelve years of age</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-35-victim300 t17570713-35-viclabel160"/>, and him, the said Thomas, did carnally know, by committing upon him that detestable crime call'd sodomy </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17570713-35-cd161" type="crimeDate">April 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-35-off159 t17570713-35-cd161"/>.</p>
<p>There were only two witnesses examined,
<persName id="t17570713-35-person301"> Mary Smith
<interp inst="t17570713-35-person301" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-person301" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-person301" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the mother, and
<persName id="t17570713-35-person302"> Margaret Stevenson
<interp inst="t17570713-35-person302" type="surname" value="Stevenson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-person302" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-35-person302" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , a neighbour.</p>
<p>The first deposed, the prisoner and child used to lie together in one bed in her house, the prisoner being a lodger there; her neighbour corroborated her in this, that the child made much complaint, and they examined his fundament, and found it disorder'd in an extreme bad way, but could say no more than what they heard the child say.</p>
<p>The child was examined as to the nature of an oath, but by its answers it appearing to have no knowledge of the consequence of false swearing, the prisoner was
<rs id="t17570713-35-verdict162" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-35-verdict162" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570713-36" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-36-off164-c245" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-36-defend303 t17570713-36-off164 t17570713-36-verdict166"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-36-off164-c246" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-36-person304 t17570713-36-off164 t17570713-36-verdict166"/>
<p>282.
<persName id="t17570713-36-defend303" type="defendantName"> Ann,
<rs id="t17570713-36-deflabel163" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-36-defend303 t17570713-36-deflabel163"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-36-person304 t17570713-36-deflabel163"/> of
<persName id="t17570713-36-person304" type="defendantName"> Martin Lee
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person304" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person304" type="given" value="Martin"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-defend303" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-defend303" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-defend303" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-36-off164" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-36-off164" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-off164" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one camlet gown, value 4 s. one linen gown, value 10 s. and one cotton bed gown, value 5 s. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17570713-36-victim306" type="victimName"> John Haverne
<interp inst="t17570713-36-victim306" type="surname" value="Haverne"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-victim306" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-victim306" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-36-off164 t17570713-36-victim306"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-36-cd165" type="crimeDate">July 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-36-off164 t17570713-36-cd165"/>.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-36-person307"> Margaret Haverne
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person307" type="surname" value="Haverne"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person307" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person307" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went out to work and left the prisoner in my room; she took a camlet gown, a linen gown, and a cotton bed gown, and pawn'd them in three different names.</p>
<p>Q. Are the pawnbrokers here?</p>
<p>M. Haverne. No.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-36-person308"> Elizabeth Creet
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person308" type="surname" value="Creet"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person308" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-36-person308" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw the prisoner with some of the prosecutrix's things; she said the prosecutrix's husband took them and gave them to her.</p>
<p>
<rs id="t17570713-36-verdict166" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-36-verdict166" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570713-37">
<interp inst="t17570713-37" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570713"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37" type="date" value="17570713"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570713-37-off168-c250" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-37-defend310 t17570713-37-off168 t17570713-37-verdict170"/>
<p>283. (M.)
<persName id="t17570713-37-defend310" type="defendantName"> Diana Peirson
<interp inst="t17570713-37-defend310" type="surname" value="Peirson"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-defend310" type="given" value="Diana"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-defend310" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570713-37-deflabel167" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-37-defend310 t17570713-37-deflabel167"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570713-37-off168" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570713-37-off168" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-off168" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> that she on the
<rs id="t17570713-37-cd169" type="crimeDate">1st of July</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-37-off168 t17570713-37-cd169"/>, about the hour of one in the night of the same day, the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17570713-37-victim312" type="victimName"> James Thomas
<interp inst="t17570713-37-victim312" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-victim312" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-victim312" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570713-37-off168 t17570713-37-victim312"/> </persName> feloniously and burglariously did break and enter and one cloth cardinal, value 6 s. one diaper tablecloth, two linen window curtains, one linen shirt, two linen aprons, one linen handkerchief, two quart pewter pots, and three pounds weight of cheese, in the dwelling house did steal </rs>, &c.</p>
<p>
<persName id="t17570713-37-person313"> James Thomas
<interp inst="t17570713-37-person313" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-person313" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570713-37-person313" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I fasten'd my doors on Friday night the 1st of July, between eleven and twelve o'clock; the fore door has a lock that goes with a spring, and the back door fastens with two bolts; I was the first up next morning, between four and five. I found the casement open in the yard, where was a shutter that open'd on the outside, which was fasten'd the over night by a pin that goes through the shutter, and keys on the inside. The first things that I missed were two window curtains, blue and white linen. I looked about and missed se