<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="transcription" doc="17570114"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Friday the 14th, Saturday the 15th, and Monday the 17th of JANUARY,
<p>In the Thirtieth Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER II. for the YEAR 1757. Being the Second SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J. ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street, 1757.</p>
<p>[Price Four-pence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; Lord-Mayor of the City of London; My Lord
<persName id="f17570114-1-person1" type="judiciaryName"> Chief Baron Parker
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person1" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person1" type="given" value="Chief Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> *, Sir
<persName id="f17570114-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> Thomas Birch
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person2" type="surname" value="Birch"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person2" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt.+ Sir
<persName id="f17570114-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> WILLIAM MORETON
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person3" type="surname" value="MORETON"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person3" type="given" value="WILLIAM"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Recorder, ++ and other of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the said City and County.</p>
<p>N. B. The Characters * + ++ direct to the Judge by whom the prisoner was tried, also (L.) (M.) by what Jury.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person4" type="jurorName"> Henry Procter
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person4" type="surname" value="Procter"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person4" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person5" type="jurorName"> Joseph Patterson
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person5" type="surname" value="Patterson"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person5" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person6" type="jurorName"> John Pike
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person6" type="surname" value="Pike"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person6" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person7" type="jurorName"> John Beatson
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person7" type="surname" value="Beatson"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person7" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Godin
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person8" type="surname" value="Godin"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person8" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person9" type="jurorName"> William Wadling
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person9" type="surname" value="Wadling"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person9" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person10" type="jurorName"> William Titchbourn
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person10" type="surname" value="Titchbourn"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person10" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Stephen Williams
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person11" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person11" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Thomas Foster
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person12" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person12" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Squires
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person13" type="surname" value="Squires"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person14" type="jurorName"> William Edmunds
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person14" type="surname" value="Edmunds"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person14" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Samuel Talfree
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person15" type="surname" value="Talfree"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person15" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person16" type="jurorName"> James White
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person16" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person16" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Charles Covey
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person17" type="surname" value="Covey"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person17" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person18" type="jurorName"> John Bosworth
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person18" type="surname" value="Bosworth"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person18" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Powles
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person19" type="surname" value="Powles"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person19" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person20" type="jurorName"> James Cotes
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person20" type="surname" value="Cotes"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person20" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bishop
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person21" type="surname" value="Bishop"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person21" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Jervas Newton
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person22" type="surname" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person22" type="given" value="Jervas"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Thomas Rawlins
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person23" type="surname" value="Rawlins"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person23" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Silver Crispin
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person24" type="surname" value="Crispin"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person24" type="given" value="Silver"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person24" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person25" type="jurorName"> George Collins
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person25" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person25" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Thomas Hughes
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person26" type="surname" value="Hughes"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person26" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p>
<persName id="f17570114-1-person27" type="jurorName"> James Brooks
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person27" type="surname" value="Brooks"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person27" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17570114-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </p> </div1>
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<p>51. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-1-defend29" type="defendantName"> Mary Griffiths
<interp inst="t17570114-1-defend29" type="surname" value="Griffiths"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-defend29" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-defend29" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-1-deflabel1" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-1-defend29 t17570114-1-deflabel1"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-1-off2" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-1-off2" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-off2" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one copper tea-kettle, value 2 s. 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-1-victim31" type="victimName"> William Vaughan
<interp inst="t17570114-1-victim31" type="surname" value="Vaughan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-victim31" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-victim31" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-1-off2 t17570114-1-victim31"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-1-cd3" type="crimeDate">Jan. 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-1-off2 t17570114-1-cd3"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17570114-1-person32"> William Vaughan
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person32" type="surname" value="Vaughan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person32" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person32" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 1st of January the prisoner came into my house, and call'd for half a pint of beer and a slice of bread.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<rs id="t17570114-1-viclabel4" type="occupation">I am a publican</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-1-victim31 t17570114-1-viclabel4"/>, and keep
<placeName id="t17570114-1-crimeloc5">the Star, in Star-Court, Cheapside</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-crimeloc5" type="placeName" value="the Star, in Star-Court, Cheapside"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-crimeloc5" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-1-off2 t17570114-1-crimeloc5"/>. After she had drank her beer she desired to be indulged by the fire, it being a cold day. I said she was very welcome. She had paid for her beer. My dinner being ready about half an hour after one, and while I call'd my wife to go backwards to dine, the prisoner took the opportunity to take the copper tea-kettle out of the corner, and went off with it.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen the kettle last?</p>
<p>Vaughan. I saw it in the corner, just by her left arm, when I left her.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know she took it?</p>
<p>Vaughan. There were no other persons in the house but she.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you miss it?</p>
<p>Vaughan. I missed it directly. I sent a man servant after her.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name ?</p>
<p>Vaughan. His name is
<persName id="t17570114-1-person33"> Thomas Edwards
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person33" type="surname" value="Edwards"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person33" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . He met with my maid (named
<persName id="t17570114-1-person34"> Ann Cooper
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person34" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person34" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person34" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ) and sent her after the prisoner</p>
<persName id="t17570114-1-person35"> Ann Cooper
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person35" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person35" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-1-person35" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to the prosecutor. Upon New-Year's day my mistress went in to eat her dinner, and left the prisoner in the drinking room, and when she came out from dinner the prisoner was gone. Mistress looked, and missed the tea-kettle directly. I followed the prisoner, and overtook her beyond Bow-Church with the kettle open in her hand. I brought her and the kettle back to my master's house. ( Produced in court.)</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Look at this kettle, do you know it?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. This is my tea-kettle.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I beg the mercy of the court.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-1-verdict6" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-1-verdict6" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-1-punish7" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-1-punish7" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-1-defend29 t17570114-1-punish7"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>52. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-2-defend37" type="defendantName"> John Foster
<interp inst="t17570114-2-defend37" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-defend37" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-defend37" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-2-off8" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-2-off8" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-off8" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing one cotton handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-2-victim39" type="victimName"> Joseph Collier
<interp inst="t17570114-2-victim39" type="surname" value="Collier"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-victim39" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-victim39" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-2-off8 t17570114-2-victim39"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-2-cd9" type="crimeDate">December 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-2-off8 t17570114-2-cd9"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17570114-2-person40"> Joseph Collier
<interp inst="t17570114-2-person40" type="surname" value="Collier"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-person40" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was walking along
<placeName id="t17570114-2-crimeloc10">Grace-church-Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-crimeloc10" type="placeName" value="Grace-church-Street"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-crimeloc10" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-2-off8 t17570114-2-crimeloc10"/> and felt something brush against my pocket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140003"/>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Collier. It was on the Wednesday before Christmas-day. I clapped my hand immediately into my pocket, and missed my handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a handkerchief was it?</p>
<p>Collier. A cotton one. I turned round immediately and laid hold on the prisoner, who was close to me, and challenged him with taking it. He denied it. There was a lad by, who told me he saw him attempt my pocket twice, and after that take it out of my pocket. I was pulling him into a shop, in order to secure him. He said, '' Sir, '' there's your handkerchief, there's your handkerchief.'' I saw it lying on the ground. I took it up, and put it into my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. How near to the prisoner did it lie?</p>
<p>Collier. It was lying just by him. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)</p>
<persName id="t17570114-2-person41"> John Hilyer
<interp inst="t17570114-2-person41" type="surname" value="Hilyer"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-person41" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-2-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I and a schoolfellow of mine were going down Gracechurch-Street on the Wednesday before Christmas-day. The prosecutor was walking close to the wall, and the prisoner just behind him. He made two tugs at his pocket, and the third time got out his handkerchief. After he had got hold of the prisoner I followed him, and told him I saw the prisoner pick his pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this handkerchief?</p>
<p>Hilyer. (He looks at it.) I believe this is the same. It is like it.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the prisoner is the same person?</p>
<p>Hilyer. I am sure he is the same.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never offered to do such a thing in my life. I was walking before the gentleman till he laid hold of me.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-2-punish12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-2-punish12" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-2-defend37 t17570114-2-punish12"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>53. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-3-defend43" type="defendantName"> Mary Griffin
<interp inst="t17570114-3-defend43" type="surname" value="Griffin"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-defend43" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-defend43" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-3-deflabel13" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-3-defend43 t17570114-3-deflabel13"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-3-off14" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-3-off14" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-off14" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing six towels, value 6 d. one piece of check for a cover, value 2 d. one stone plate, value 2 d. one earthen pan, value 2 d. the property of
<persName id="t17570114-3-victim45" type="victimName"> Jane Chapman
<interp inst="t17570114-3-victim45" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-victim45" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-victim45" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-3-viclabel15" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-3-victim45 t17570114-3-viclabel15"/>, and one linen apron, value 3 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-3-victim46" type="victimName"> Tomison Spalding
<interp inst="t17570114-3-victim46" type="surname" value="Spalding"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-victim46" type="given" value="Tomison"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-victim46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-3-cd16" type="crimeDate">Nov. 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-3-off14 t17570114-3-cd16"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-3-person47"> Jane Chapman
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person47" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person47" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person47" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 5th of November I was in my room and heard a disturbance in the passage. I went down stairs to see what was the matter. There I found Mrs. Yeoman had stop'd the prisoner at the bar with the things mentioned in the indictment. The prisoner said it was the first time she had ever done such a thing, and she would never do so any more.</p>
<p>Q. Did she own she took the things ?</p>
<p>J. Chapman. She did. (Produced in court.)</p>
<p>Q. Look at them.</p>
<p>J. Chapman. These are the same things she had got. They are my property, except the apron, which is Tomison Spalding's. I having missed several other things before, asked her if she had them; but she only owned the taking of these.</p>
<p>Tomison Spalding. I was out from home, and when I returned they had got the prisoner in the passage with the things mention'd. We sent for a constable.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say for herself?</p>
<p>T. Spalding. She said, she thought she was bewitch'd in going down stairs (that is, into the back kitchen, where these things lay.)</p>
<p>Q. Look at these things, are any of them yours?</p>
<p>T. Spalding. The apron is mine. The others are the property of
<persName id="t17570114-3-person48"> Jane Chapman
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person48" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person48" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person48" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17570114-3-person49"> Rachael Yeoman
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person49" type="surname" value="Yeoman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person49" type="given" value="Rachael"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person49" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .
<persName id="t17570114-3-person50"> Jane Chapman
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person50" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person50" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-3-person50" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> lodges in my first parlour. She has lost a great many things. I catch'd the woman at the bar in the passage with these things here produced. Upon her bringing them up from out of the back kitchen I stop'd her, and made her lay them down in the passage. She said, if we would forgive her she would allow us two shillings per week till the other things, which were lost, were paid for.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>There was nobody in the shop when I went in for a halfpennyworth of snuff. I at last saw a person, and asked leave to go to the vault. None of them saw these things upon me. I have been twelve weeks in gaol, but I did not think my trial would have come on so soon, or else I had had my master and mistress to give me a character. Please to give me corporal punishment for Christ's sake.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-3-verdict17" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-3-verdict17" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-3-punish18" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-3-punish18" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-3-defend43 t17570114-3-punish18"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-4">
<interp inst="t17570114-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-4-off19-c45" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-4-defend52 t17570114-4-off19 t17570114-4-verdict21"/>
<p>54. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-4-defend52" type="defendantName"> William Atteley
<interp inst="t17570114-4-defend52" type="surname" value="Atteley"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-defend52" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-defend52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-4-off19" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-4-off19" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-off19" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one Portugal piece, two guineas, two half guineas, and three shillings in money number'd, the money of
<persName id="t17570114-4-victim53" type="victimName"> Evans Jones
<interp inst="t17570114-4-victim53" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-victim53" type="given" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-victim53" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-4-off19 t17570114-4-victim53"/> </persName> , in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17570114-4-person54"> William Pearson
<interp inst="t17570114-4-person54" type="surname" value="Pearson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-person54" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-4-person54" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-4-cd20" type="crimeDate">Dec. 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-4-off19 t17570114-4-cd20"/>. +</p>
<p>Evans Jones. I went out about eight in the morning, and came home about twelve at night, and then I missed my money.</p>
<p>Q. What money did you miss?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140004"/>Jones. One thirty-six-shilling piece, two guineas, two half guineas, and two or three shillings in silver.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?</p>
<p>Jones. I took up four persons by a warrant from justice Fielding.</p>
<p>Q. What persons were they?</p>
<p>Jones. They lay in the same room, and this man was guilty.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Jones. He confessed it before justice Fielding as far as I know.</p>
<p>Q. Are not you certain?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any other witnesses?</p>
<p>Jones. No.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-4-verdict21" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-4-verdict21" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-5">
<interp inst="t17570114-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-5-off23-c48" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-5-defend56 t17570114-5-off23 t17570114-5-verdict25"/>
<p>55. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-5-defend56" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Stevenson
<interp inst="t17570114-5-defend56" type="surname" value="Stevenson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-defend56" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-defend56" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-5-deflabel22" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-5-defend56 t17570114-5-deflabel22"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-5-off23" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-5-off23" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-off23" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver spoon, value six shillings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17570114-5-victim58" type="victimName"> Francis Heath
<interp inst="t17570114-5-victim58" type="surname" value="Heath"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-victim58" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-victim58" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-5-off23 t17570114-5-victim58"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-5-cd24" type="crimeDate">December 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-5-off23 t17570114-5-cd24"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-5-person59"> Rebecca Grave
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person59" type="surname" value="Grave"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person59" type="given" value="Rebecca"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person59" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to my brother
<persName id="t17570114-5-person60"> Francis Heath
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person60" type="surname" value="Heath"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person60" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's house, on the 28th of December. She sat down. After some time she asked me to let her go into the pantry, where I had just before left this silver-spoon. When she was gone I missed the spoon. Some time in January she came to me, fell down on her knees, and told me she could not rest till she had told me where my spoon was; which she said was in a street near Clare-Market, where it was stopped by one Mrs. Barnet, a pawnbroker, who I found afterwards had advertised it. (Produced in court, and deposed to.)</p>
<persName id="t17570114-5-person61"> Margaret Barnet
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person61" type="surname" value="Barnet"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person61" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-5-person61" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner brought a silver spoon to me to pawn on the 29th of December last and I had reason to suspect her of stealing it, so I stop'd it, and advertised it.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-5-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-5-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-5-punish26" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-5-punish26" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-5-defend56 t17570114-5-punish26"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-6">
<interp inst="t17570114-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-6-off27-c53" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-6-defend63 t17570114-6-off27 t17570114-6-verdict31"/>
<p>56. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-6-defend63" type="defendantName"> John Coy
<interp inst="t17570114-6-defend63" type="surname" value="Coy"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-defend63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-defend63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-6-off27" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-6-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing fifty pound weight of lead, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-6-victim65" type="victimName"> Joseph Pearce
<interp inst="t17570114-6-victim65" type="surname" value="Pearce"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-victim65" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-victim65" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-6-off27 t17570114-6-victim65"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-6-cd28" type="crimeDate">Dec. 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-6-off27 t17570114-6-cd28"/>.* </p>
<p>Joseph Pearce. I am a
<rs id="t17570114-6-viclabel29" type="occupation">bricklayer and builder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-6-victim65 t17570114-6-viclabel29"/>. The prisoner work'd for me between three and four years. I was pulling down some houses in
<placeName id="t17570114-6-crimeloc30">York-Buildings</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-crimeloc30" type="placeName" value="York-Buildings"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-6-crimeloc30" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-6-off27 t17570114-6-crimeloc30"/>, where was some old lead that came from off the houses. On Saturday evening, the 19th of December, I left my man to pay the other men, and he was not there. On the Sunday morning I received a letter from the prisoner at the bar, and the contents of it were: '' That he '' had met a man that had work'd with me, with '' a little piece of lead on his shoulder, and he '' clap'd his hand upon it, and asked him where '' he came from. The man threw it down, '' ran away, and he took it up; that he was taken '' up with it upon him, and was sent to New-Prison.'' I went to him there, and he told me the same that his letter contained. I asked him why he had not brought the lead back again? He said he designed to bring it again on the Monday morning.</p>
<p>Q. Can you swear to the lead?</p>
<p>Pearce. No, I cannot. He told me it was mine. There was a soldier that detected him. I have been with him, and he says he will not come.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-6-verdict31" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-6-verdict31" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-7">
<interp inst="t17570114-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-7-off32-c55" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-7-defend67 t17570114-7-off32 t17570114-7-verdict35"/>
<p>57. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-7-defend67" type="defendantName"> Lawrence Bryan
<interp inst="t17570114-7-defend67" type="surname" value="Bryan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-defend67" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-defend67" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-7-off32" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-7-off32" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-off32" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty-four pewter plates, value 4 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-7-victim69" type="victimName"> John Willey
<interp inst="t17570114-7-victim69" type="surname" value="Willey"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-victim69" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-victim69" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-7-off32 t17570114-7-victim69"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-7-cd33" type="crimeDate">Jan. 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-7-off32 t17570114-7-cd33"/>.* </p>
<p>John Willey. On Monday the 3d of this instant the prisoner's wife was stop'd with twenty-four plates, by one Mr. Baccon, a pewterer, in the Strand. He sent to our house, having a suspicion they were my property. My man went there, and returned, and told me what he had seen. Then I took up the prisoner, and he confessed he took the plates.</p>
<p>Q. What was the prisoner?</p>
<p>Willey. He had lived with me two years.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a pewterer?</p>
<p>Willey. I am an
<rs id="t17570114-7-viclabel34" type="occupation">apothecary</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-7-victim69 t17570114-7-viclabel34"/>; but my wife keeps a pewterer's shop.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-7-person70"> William Phips
<interp inst="t17570114-7-person70" type="surname" value="Phips"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-person70" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-7-person70" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Monday was se'night a person came from Mr. Baccon's in the Strand, and said a person had offer'd to sell some pewter to him, and desired we would come and look at it.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Phips. I am a journeyman pewterer to Mrs. Willey. I went there, and found the person that offer'd it to sell, which was the prisoner's wife. After that the prisoner was taken up, and he confessed, in my hearing, he took a quantity of pewter out, and he took these two dozen more than was wanted, and left them at his own house.</p>
<p>The constable confirmed that of the prisoner's confession before justice Cox.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I bought the plates. My mistress's man desired me to say what he did before the justice,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140005"/> and told me it would be the better for me.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-7-verdict35" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-7-verdict35" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-7-punish36" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-7-punish36" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-7-defend67 t17570114-7-punish36"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-8">
<interp inst="t17570114-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-8-off38-c58" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-defend71 t17570114-8-off38 t17570114-8-verdict42"/>
<p>58. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-8-defend71" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Eden
<interp inst="t17570114-8-defend71" type="surname" value="Eden"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-defend71" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-defend71" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-8-deflabel37" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-defend71 t17570114-8-deflabel37"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-8-off38" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-8-off38" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-off38" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing five silver tea-spoons </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17570114-8-victim73" type="victimName"> Thomas Levit
<interp inst="t17570114-8-victim73" type="surname" value="Levit"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-victim73" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-victim73" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-off38 t17570114-8-victim73"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17570114-8-cd39" type="crimeDate">Dec. 10</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-off38 t17570114-8-cd39"/>.* </p>
<p>Thomas Levit.
<rs id="t17570114-8-viclabel40" type="occupation">I keep a chandler's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-victim73 t17570114-8-viclabel40"/> at
<placeName id="t17570114-8-crimeloc41">St. Paul's, Shadwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-crimeloc41" type="placeName" value="St. Paul's, Shadwell"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-crimeloc41" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-off38 t17570114-8-crimeloc41"/>. My wife having missed five teaspoons suspected the prisoner, she being the last person in the house, so she was taken up.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the spoons being in her possession?</p>
<p>Levit. No, I do not.</p>
<p>Q. Have you heard her confess any thing?</p>
<p>Levit. No.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-8-person74"> James Andrews
<interp inst="t17570114-8-person74" type="surname" value="Andrews"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-person74" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am headborough. On the 7th of December the prisoner came to Mrs. Cockbell's to sell four tea spoons.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Andrews. She told me so herself, and told me also that she asked such a low price for them that Mrs. Cockbell suspected they were stolen. Mrs. Cockbell sent for me to stop her the second time she came there. I went and took her in charge I asked her how she came by them. She said, she had stole them from Mrs. Levit in Shadwell-Market, and that there were five of them. I asked her where the other was. She said, she had pawn'd it.</p>
<p>Q. Where did she say she had pawn'd it?</p>
<p>Andrews. I don't remember the place she named. (The spoons produced in court, and deposed to by the prosecutrix.)</p>
<p>Andrews. Here is one of them which has a piece of cloth tied about it, which is the spoon she had pawn'd. (Taking it from amongst the rest.)</p>
<persName id="t17570114-8-person75"> Jane Cockbell
<interp inst="t17570114-8-person75" type="surname" value="Cockbell"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-person75" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-8-person75" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I keep a cloaths shop. The prisoner brought four tea-spoons to me on the 1st of December, and offered to sell them for five-shillings. I imagined they were not her own, and told her so. She said they were her own, that her husband was pressed to sea, and she was obliged to sell them. I asked her several questions, as where she lived, and what her way of life was. She said, she lived in the Highway. I asked her who knew her there? She said, she had kept herself so retire that nobody knew her there. I said, I should keep the spoons till she fetch'd somebody to her character. She ask'd me if I could answer that. I said, I could keep the spoons and her too.</p>
<p>Q. Did you stop them?</p>
<p>J. Cockbell. I did, and sent a person with her; but she found means to slip from that person, under a false pretence, so she did not return with the person again. After that the gentleman's kinsman that owned the spoons came and demanded them, and I delivered them.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say how she came by the spoons?</p>
<p>J. Cockbell. I believe she did, after she was taken up.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>It is the first thing that I ever did of this sort in my life, and I hope it will be the last.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-8-verdict42" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-8-verdict42" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-8-punish43" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-8-punish43" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-8-defend71 t17570114-8-punish43"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-9">
<interp inst="t17570114-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<interp inst="t17570114-9" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-9-off44-c62" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-9-defend77 t17570114-9-off44 t17570114-9-verdict47"/>
<p>59. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-9-defend77" type="defendantName"> Daniel Henley
<interp inst="t17570114-9-defend77" type="surname" value="Henley"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9-defend77" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9-defend77" type="gender" value="male"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9-defend77" type="age" value="nine"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-9-off44" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-9-off44" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9-off44" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 3 s. and 8 d. in money number'd </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17570114-9-victim78" type="victimName"> Tomisin Wicks
<interp inst="t17570114-9-victim78" type="surname" value="Wicks"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9-victim78" type="given" value="Tomisin"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-9-victim78" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-9-off44 t17570114-9-victim78"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-9-viclabel45" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-9-victim78 t17570114-9-viclabel45"/>,
<rs id="t17570114-9-cd46" type="crimeDate">Dec. 24</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-9-off44 t17570114-9-cd46"/>.* </p>
<p>Tomisin Wicks. The prisoner own'd he was in my shop, and I know nothing more against him; but the justice bound me over to come here, or I had not come.</p>
<p>Q. How old is he?</p>
<p>T. Wicks. The prisoner's mother declared he would be but nine years of age on the 30th of May next, Old-stile.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-9-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-9-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-10" type="date" value="17570114"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-10-off50-c65" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-defend81 t17570114-10-off50 t17570114-10-verdict54"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-10-off50-c66" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-person82 t17570114-10-off50 t17570114-10-verdict54"/>
<p>60, 61. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-10-defend80" type="defendantName"> William Harris
<interp inst="t17570114-10-defend80" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-defend80" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-defend80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-10-defend81" type="defendantName"> Catharine wife of
<persName id="t17570114-10-person82" type="defendantName"> George String
<interp inst="t17570114-10-person82" type="surname" value="String"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-person82" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-defend81" type="surname" value="wife of"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-defend81" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-defend81" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were indicted, the first for
<rs id="t17570114-10-off48" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-10-off48" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-off48" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver spoon, value 12 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-10-victim84" type="victimName"> Richard Witchard
<interp inst="t17570114-10-victim84" type="surname" value="Witchard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-victim84" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-victim84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-10-viclabel49" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-victim84 t17570114-10-viclabel49"/>; and the other for
<rs id="t17570114-10-off50" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-10-off50" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-off50" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> feloniously receiving the handle of the said spoon, well knowing the same to have been stolen </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-10-cd51" type="crimeDate">January 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-off48 t17570114-10-cd51"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-off50 t17570114-10-cd51"/>.* </p>
<p>Henry Spencer. I am servant to Mr. Witchard, in
<placeName id="t17570114-10-crimeloc52">St. James's Street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-crimeloc52" type="placeName" value="St. James's Street"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-crimeloc52" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-off48 t17570114-10-crimeloc52"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-off50 t17570114-10-crimeloc52"/>. The prisoner, Harris, has been about my master's house for some years, to do jobs and go of messages. Last Sunday was se'night I was in a hurry and got him to rub over some silver spoons for me. I told them over to him, and when he had done I missed one of them. I challeng'd him with it. He said if he had thought I would have mistrusted him he would not have done them. After that the prisoner's (String) husband came, and told me the prisoner, Harris, was taken, by a silver smith, before the justice.</p>
<p>Q. What is the silver-smith's name?</p>
<p>Spencer. His name is Hemming. A watchman came with her husband to me. I went with him, and saw the prisoner, Harris, in the watch-house. I asked him if he had stole any thing from my master. He said he had not. He said he found
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140006"/> the bowl of a spoon towards Turnham-Green. I went to the silver-smith's and he was not at home. I returned to the watch-house, and there I heard the prisoner confess the taking the spoon. (Produced in court in two pieces.)</p>
<p>Q. Look at this spoon.</p>
<p>Spencer. This is my master's spoon, and one of the number I gave the prisoner to clean. Before the justice he confessed he had broke the spoon, and given it to the woman at the bar. I asked her after it, and she denied it. Then her husband said, '' Madam, are you confederate with this '' man.'' After that I saw her take the handle out of her bosom. They both confessed before the justice that he gave it to her when he was in the watch-house for her to throw away, or hide.</p>
<p>Q. Did Harris confess he stole it?</p>
<p>Spencer. He did.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-10-person85"> John Mellons
<interp inst="t17570114-10-person85" type="surname" value="Mellons"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-person85" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-10-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went to the watch-house along with Mr. Spencer. I asked Harris about the spoon, and he told me he found it at Turnham-Green. After that I said you had better confess it, for perhaps Mr. Spencer will lose his place by it, or get some ill will. Then he said, '' If you '' will send for a glass of gin I will tell you.'' I sent for some. He drank a glass, and the woman at the bar with him another. Then he said he took the spoon out of the kitchen, in order to give it her to buy some gin for her to drink, and that she had ruin'd him.</p>
<p>Q. Was she in the hearing of this?</p>
<p>Mellons. She was not, for he said he would not confess if any body was by; so he and I went by ourselves.</p>
<p>Q. What was the whole of what he did confess?</p>
<p>Mellons. He said he broke the spoon in two pieces, and carried one part of the spoon to a silversmith to sell, and the silver-smith took him before the justice, and that she gave him that part to carry there.</p>
<p>Court. Where is Mr. Hemming?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. Mr. Hemming is not here.</p>
<p>Harris's Defence.</p>
<p>I happened to be a little in liquor that Sunday morning when I went to clean the spoons. I found one was crack'd, that I broke; upon which I thought I should get a great deal of anger, so I put it into my pocket and carried it to the silversmith's; not to sell it, but to see what it weigh'd, and he would not tell me what it weigh'd. He secured me, sent me to the Round-house, and from thence to Newgate.</p>
<p>String's Defence.</p>
<p>Harris gave me the handle of the spoon and bid me hide it. I put it in my bosom and did not know what it was; but at his request I took it. It was dark, about seven o'clock at night. I thought, be it what it would, I'd take care of it. God will revenge my cause I hope.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-10-verdict53" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-10-verdict53" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-10-verdict54" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-10-verdict54" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-10-punish55" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-10-punish55" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-defend80 t17570114-10-punish55"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-defend81 t17570114-10-punish55"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-10-person82 t17570114-10-punish55"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-11-off60-c70" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend89 t17570114-11-off60 t17570114-11-verdict63"/>
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<p>62, 63, 64, 65. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-11-defend87" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Pressman
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend87" type="surname" value="Pressman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend87" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend87" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-11-deflabel56" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend87 t17570114-11-deflabel56"/>,
<persName id="t17570114-11-defend89" type="defendantName"> Mary Bennet
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend89" type="surname" value="Bennet"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend89" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend89" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-11-deflabel57" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend89 t17570114-11-deflabel57"/>,
<persName id="t17570114-11-defend91" type="defendantName"> Martha Standard
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend91" type="surname" value="Standard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend91" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend91" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-11-deflabel58" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend91 t17570114-11-deflabel58"/>, and
<persName id="t17570114-11-defend93" type="defendantName"> Mary Philips
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend93" type="surname" value="Philips"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend93" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-defend93" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-11-deflabel59" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend93 t17570114-11-deflabel59"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-11-off60" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-11-off60" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-off60" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. and one pair of silver shoe buckles, value 6 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-11-victim95" type="victimName"> Thomas Barnes
<interp inst="t17570114-11-victim95" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-victim95" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-victim95" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-off60 t17570114-11-victim95"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-11-cd61" type="crimeDate">Dec. 28</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-off60 t17570114-11-cd61"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-11-person96"> Thomas Barnes
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person96" type="surname" value="Barnes"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person96" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was going through a court, and one of the women at the bar pick'd me up.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them?</p>
<p>Barnes. It was Moll Philips, and I went along with her into a room.</p>
<p>Q. Was it in an alehouse?</p>
<p>Barnes. No, it was not.</p>
<p>Q. Mention the name of the court.</p>
<p>Barnes. It was
<placeName id="t17570114-11-crimeloc62">Marlborough-Court</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-crimeloc62" type="placeName" value="Marlborough-Court"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-crimeloc62" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-off60 t17570114-11-crimeloc62"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you see the other women?</p>
<p>Barnes. There were only two other of them went along with us.</p>
<p>Q. Which were they?</p>
<p>Barnes. It was Pressman and Bennet.</p>
<p>Q. What was done when you went into the room?</p>
<p>Barnes. I spent six pence on them in gin.</p>
<p>Q. Did you drink some of it?</p>
<p>Barnes. I was intoxicated in liquor. I believe I had a little, but I don't know justly. I fell asleep there in a chair, soon after the liquor was drank. They took my watch out of my fob, my buckles out of my shoes, and my handkerchief from my neck, while I was asleep.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Barnes. They confessed it. (The watch and buckles produced in court.) These are my property. My name is on the buckles.</p>
<p>Q. When did you secure them?</p>
<p>Barnes. I took them up the next day and carried them before Sir
<persName id="t17570114-11-person97"> Samuel Gower
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person97" type="surname" value="Gower"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person97" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . They own'd they had sold the buckles and watch chain for seven shillings. They had left the watch with Standard. She was taken up, and produced it.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140007"/>Q. Did you see her in that room?</p>
<p>Barnes. No, I did not. She delivered the watch in my sight, fell on her knees, and said she did not know how the watch was come by.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-11-person98"> Daniel Sullivan
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person98" type="surname" value="Sullivan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person98" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person98" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I took Philips in custody, and before the justice the next day. The other three were taken and brought before Sir
<persName id="t17570114-11-person99"> Samuel Gower
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person99" type="surname" value="Gower"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person99" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person99" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and I carried them to Newgate. On their examination Pressman said Philips knew of the watch. Then Philips, who had denied knowing of the things, own'd she had them. If it had not been for Pressman I believe the things had not been found. She busied herself in it very much.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-11-person100"> Samuel Sevil
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person100" type="surname" value="Sevil"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person100" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person100" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The day after this thing was done Pressman and two men came to my shop, and ask'd me for a pair of buckles that I bought of her. I said I bought none of her, I bought them of a little woman. They wanted me to give them the buckles without giving any thing for them.</p>
<p>Q. Was that woman which you bought them of either of the four prisoners?</p>
<p>Sevil. No, she was not. I produced the buckles, the same that are here produced.</p>
<p>Q. Was you before the justice with them?</p>
<p>Sevil. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear them confess any thing?</p>
<p>Sevil. No, I did not; although I was with them about two hours there.</p>
<p>Q. Was you there all the time they were there?</p>
<p>Sevil. No, I was not.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-11-person101"> John Conner
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person101" type="surname" value="Conner"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person101" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person101" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The day after the prosecutor was rob'd he came to my house, and told me he had got in liquor, in Petticoat-Lane, in a court, where he had been rob'd, and said he should take it as a favour if I'd go with him and see for the persons that rob'd him. I went with him. We light of Pressman and Bennet. We laid hold of them. I asked them how they came to serve the young fellow so. They said if he would not hurt them they would let him have his things again.</p>
<p>Q. Did he promise them he would not?</p>
<p>Conner. He did. I asked them where they were. Pressman said the watch was very safe, and in an honest person's hands (which was the prisoner Standard.) I went to Standard's house. As soon as she saw me she fell on her knees and said, '' Lord! Mr. Conner, what must I do? I was '' going to bed and Pressman put a watch into my '' hand, which I understand she did not come honestly '' by.'' I said, where is the watch? She said, '' Here it is, and I am frighted out of my wits.'' Then I came back again, and Pressman and Bennet told me the knee buckles were pawned.</p>
<p>Court. The knee-buckles are not laid in the indictment.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I lost them at the same time.</p>
<p>Conner. We redeemed them for a shilling and a halfpenny. Then they went along with me to Sevil's house, and asked for the buckles they had sold there to him. He said he gave a fair market price for them, and would not let me have them without paying for them.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these shoe buckles produced, are they the same?</p>
<p>Conner. These are the very same. Pressman said before Sir
<persName id="t17570114-11-person102"> Samuel Gower
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person102" type="surname" value="Gower"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person102" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-11-person102" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , that Standard knew nothing of the watch; only that she left it in her hands for safety. I have known Standard to be a very honest woman for four or five years.</p>
<p>Pressman's Defence.</p>
<p>I have so far to say that all these women are clear. I know nothing of them, but only as neighbours. Barnes came up to have his shoes clean'd, and there is a fidler lives over that room; he hearing a noise had a mind to stay. Philips was lying upon the boards. He gave her twopence, and two-pence to the fidler for playing, and sent for six or seven pots of beer and purl, and not having money enough he sent his watch seal to pawn by Philips for money. Let him deny it if he can.</p>
<p>Philips's Defence.</p>
<p>I know nothing at all about it.</p>
<p>Standard's Defence.</p>
<p>I never saw the prosecutor in my life, this woman (looking to Pressman) came to me and put this watch into my hand; it was very warm, I did not know what it was. I lighted a candle and was frighted when I saw it. I went to a friend and said I was ruined for ever, and in the morning when Mr. Conner and the prosecutor came to my house I delivered it to them.</p>
<p>Pressman, Bennet, Philips,</p>
<rs id="t17570114-11-verdict63" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-11-verdict63" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-11-verdict64" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-11-verdict64" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acq </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-11-punish65" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-11-punish65" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend87 t17570114-11-punish65"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend89 t17570114-11-punish65"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-11-defend93 t17570114-11-punish65"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-12-off67-c81" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-12-defend103 t17570114-12-off67 t17570114-12-verdict70"/>
<p>66. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-12-defend103" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth
<rs id="t17570114-12-deflabel66" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-12-defend103 t17570114-12-deflabel66"/> of
<persName id="t17570114-12-person104"> John Mackdaniel
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person104" type="surname" value="Mackdaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person104" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-defend103" type="surname" value="Mackdaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-defend103" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-defend103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17570114-12-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-12-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="damage"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="arson"/> was indicted, together with her husband
<persName id="t17570114-12-person105"> John Mackdaniel
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person105" type="surname" value="Mackdaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person105" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17570114-12-person106"> Esther Kelley
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person106" type="surname" value="Kelley"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person106" type="given" value="Esther"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , not taken, for seting
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140008"/> fire to the house of the said
<persName id="t17570114-12-victim108" type="victimName"> John Mackdaniel
<interp inst="t17570114-12-victim108" type="surname" value="Mackdaniel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-victim108" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-victim108" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-12-off67 t17570114-12-victim108"/> </persName> , at
<placeName id="t17570114-12-crimeloc68">Chelsea</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-crimeloc68" type="placeName" value="Chelsea"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-crimeloc68" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-12-off67 t17570114-12-crimeloc68"/> </rs>, &c.
<rs id="t17570114-12-cd69" type="crimeDate">January 23, 1756</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-12-off67 t17570114-12-cd69"/>.</p>
<p>No evidence was produced.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-12-verdict70" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-12-verdict70" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-12-verdict70" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noEvidence"/> Acq </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-13-off72-c86" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-13-defend110 t17570114-13-off72 t17570114-13-verdict75"/>
<p>67. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-13-defend110" type="defendantName"> Ann Hilliard
<interp inst="t17570114-13-defend110" type="surname" value="Hilliard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-defend110" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-defend110" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-13-deflabel71" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-13-defend110 t17570114-13-deflabel71"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-13-off72" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-13-off72" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-off72" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing six holland shirts, value 38 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-13-victim111" type="victimName"> Welbore Ellis
<interp inst="t17570114-13-victim111" type="surname" value="Ellis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-victim111" type="given" value="Welbore"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-victim111" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-13-off72 t17570114-13-victim111"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-13-viclabel73" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-13-victim111 t17570114-13-viclabel73"/>;
<rs id="t17570114-13-cd74" type="crimeDate">Dec. 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-13-off72 t17570114-13-cd74"/>. ++ .</p>
<p>Morgan Morgan. I am servant to Welbore Ellis, Esq; I missed some of his linen, but did not know who to charge with it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you miss it all at once?</p>
<p>Morgan. No I did not, I missed it at two several times, the last time was on the 18th of Dec. last, then I missed seven shirts.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner a servant in your house?</p>
<p>Morgan. No, the prisoner used to serve our house with milk.</p>
<p>Q. Had she access to the room where your linnen was put?</p>
<p>Morgan. She had free access there, it being the room where she carried the milk into.</p>
<p>Q. Had the linen used to be loose about?</p>
<p>Morgan. It was put into drawers. After I had missed them I spoke to the housekeeper about it. We could suspect no body but the prisoner, so we sent to her and her mother.</p>
<p>Q. Had no body used to go into that room but the prisoner?</p>
<p>Morgan She was the only person that had been there that morning that the shirts were missing on. They both denied knowing any thing of the matter. Then I desired my master to let me take out a search warrant, to search the mother's room, and he ordered me to go to Mr. Fielding's for one, which I did. I searched but found nothing belonging to my master. I took the constable to my master's house, where the girl remained, and he examined her, and in our presence she did confess that she had pawned them, and that she would shew us where they were.</p>
<p>Q. Did she own the taking them?</p>
<p>Morgan. She did, and went and shewed us the two different places where she had pawned them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find the goods there?</p>
<p>Morgan. We did. (Produced in court, two ruffled shirts and four plain ones.</p>
<p>Q. Are you certain whose property they are?</p>
<p>Morgan. They are the property of my master.</p>
<p>Q. Was you before the justice of the peace with the prisoner?</p>
<p>Morgan. I was; she confessed that she stole and pawn'd them.</p>
<p>Q. How old is the prisoner ?</p>
<p>Morgan. Her father told me she is thirteen years of age.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-13-person112"> Richard Plowman
<interp inst="t17570114-13-person112" type="surname" value="Plowman"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-person112" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am servant to Mr. Ellis.</p>
<p>Q. Have you heard the other witness give his evidence?</p>
<p>Plowman. I have, I was also present when she confessed she took the shirts.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>The occasion of my taking these things was, there was a man perswaded me to do it, who asked me for money. I said I had no ways to get any, he told me as I went into noblemens houses I might get things and not be suspected; he went away the morning after I was taken up, his name is
<persName id="t17570114-13-person113"> Hugh Lloyd
<interp inst="t17570114-13-person113" type="surname" value="Lloyd"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-person113" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-13-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a soldier. I told him I had seen shirts in a drawer, and he bid me take them out and bring them away, which I did, and pawned them and gave him the money. There was a woman with him that had part of it.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-13-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-13-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-13-punish76" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-13-punish76" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-13-defend110 t17570114-13-punish76"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-14-off77-c90" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-14-defend114 t17570114-14-off77 t17570114-14-verdict80"/>
<p>68. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-14-defend114" type="defendantName"> Sarah Gray , otherwise
<rs id="t17570114-14-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-14-defend114 t17570114-14-alias-1"/>Judson</rs>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-defend114" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-defend114" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-defend114" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-14-off77" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-14-off77" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-off77" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three silver tea spoons, value 4 s. 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-14-victim117" type="victimName"> James Davis
<interp inst="t17570114-14-victim117" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-victim117" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-victim117" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-14-off77 t17570114-14-victim117"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-14-cd78" type="crimeDate">Dec. 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-14-off77 t17570114-14-cd78"/>. ++.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-14-person118"> Elizabeth Davis
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person118" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person118" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person118" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife of
<persName id="t17570114-14-person119"> James Davis
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person119" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person119" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , I left the prisoner in my room while I went to market.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I live in
<placeName id="t17570114-14-crimeloc79">Strutton Ground</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-crimeloc79" type="placeName" value="Strutton Ground"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-crimeloc79" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-14-off77 t17570114-14-crimeloc79"/>. My husband's brother gives me spatterdashes to make, which I give out to poor people to do. The prisoner came to our house and asked me for work, and I let her have some to make up, about three weeks before I was robbed. She came to my house on Saturday the 11th of December, and work being slack she was there all day.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been acquainted with her?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I had been acquainted with her but about a fortnight, from the time of my giving her work, on the Sunday morning being the 12th. Her landlord came to me and asked what I had done with Mrs. Gray, for she was not come home. Then I went into my closet and missed my teaspoons.</p>
<p>Q. How many did you miss?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I missed three.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever find them again?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Give an account how?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I met with the prisoner on the Tuesday following in St. Anne's Lane in the morning.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140009"/> I asked her where my spoons were; she said, she knew nothing of them. I told her if she would tell me, I would not hurt her. Then she told me where they were, and went with me to where they were pawned; she told me two of them were pawned for half a crown, and the other for 16 d. but I found the two were pawned for 3 s.</p>
<p>Q. Did you promise her, you would not hurt her?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I did, but that was not in my power, for my husband was the man.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find the spoons?</p>
<p>E. Davis. I found them in Orchard-street, at two different houses.</p>
<p>Q. Did she own she took them?</p>
<p>E. Davis. She did. (The spoons produced in court and deposed to.)</p>
<p>Q. From prisoner. Did not you give me a coat to mend of your husband's?</p>
<p>E. Davis. Yes I did.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The spoons were in one of the pockets of the coat.</p>
<p>E. Davis. There was never a pocket in that old coat.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-14-person120"> Mary Bechamp
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person120" type="surname" value="Bechamp"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person120" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person120" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I had two of these spoons brought by the prisoner at the bar, and pawned with me.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-14-person121"> Hannah Hunt
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person121" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person121" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person121" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I took in one of them of the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live ?</p>
<p>H. Hunt. I live in Orchard-street, so does
<persName id="t17570114-14-person122"> Mary Bechamp
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person122" type="surname" value="Bechamp"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person122" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-14-person122" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I worked for this woman my prosecutrix, and she being out of work, and I too, she bid me come to her house for a coat of her husband's to mend. I found these spoons in the coat pocket, and I being out of business and my landlady threatening to turn me out of doors, I was obliged to pawn them; she came to me and told me she would not hurt a hair of my head if I would let her have them again, and so I did; it was meer necessity that obliged me to do it.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-14-verdict80" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-14-verdict80" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-14-punish81" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-14-punish81" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-14-defend114 t17570114-14-punish81"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-15-off83-c97" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-defend124 t17570114-15-off83 t17570114-15-verdict86"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-15-off83-c98" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-defend125 t17570114-15-off83 t17570114-15-verdict86"/>
<p>69, 70. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-15-defend124" type="defendantName"> Ann Plunket
<interp inst="t17570114-15-defend124" type="surname" value="Plunket"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-defend124" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-defend124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-15-defend125" type="defendantName"> Mary Williams
<interp inst="t17570114-15-defend125" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-defend125" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-defend125" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17570114-15-deflabel82" type="occupation">spinsters</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-defend124 t17570114-15-deflabel82"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-defend125 t17570114-15-deflabel82"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-15-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-15-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 4 s. in money numbered </rs>, the money of
<persName id="t17570114-15-victim127" type="victimName"> Thomas Brinton
<interp inst="t17570114-15-victim127" type="surname" value="Brinton"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-victim127" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-victim127" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-off83 t17570114-15-victim127"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-15-cd84" type="crimeDate">December 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-off83 t17570114-15-cd84"/>. ++.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-15-person128"> Thomas Brinton
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person128" type="surname" value="Brinton"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person128" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person128" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had been and received 7 l. 9 s. and gave it my wife all but a 36 s. piece, and was going home to my wife and family on the 18th of Dec. with a guinea and a half in one pocket and 4 s. in the other; being a little in liquor, and going by the door of a very bad house in
<placeName id="t17570114-15-crimeloc85">Hog-lane, near Salt-petre-bank</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-crimeloc85" type="placeName" value="Hog-lane, near Salt-petre-bank"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-crimeloc85" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-15-off83 t17570114-15-crimeloc85"/>, these two women sitting at the door pulled me in, and flung me down on a bedstead.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this?</p>
<p>Brinton. It was about twelve at night, and my head being low,
<persName id="t17570114-15-person129"> Mary Williams
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person129" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person129" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person129" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> got her hand into my side pocket where my gold was. I pulled it out three times. Then she got her hand into that pocket where my silver was, and took the 4 s. out and two bad half-pence. I got up and ran to the Glass-house and got assistance, returned and found them in the same house, and took them up.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you give them the money?</p>
<p>Brinton. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did they both pull you into the house?</p>
<p>Brinton. They did.</p>
<p>Q. How came you on the bed?</p>
<p>Brinton. There was no bed, it was only a bedstead.</p>
<p>Q. Was you in liquor?</p>
<p>Brinton. I was not much in liquor, I was sensible of what they did.</p>
<p>Q. Was you able to walk ?</p>
<p>Brinton. Yes I was, but not to make a very good walk.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to know these women again?</p>
<p>Brinton. I came by the very same house, backwards and forwards, to and from work these two years, and have seen them at that door many a time.</p>
<p>Q. Did Plunket do any thing to you after you was in the house?</p>
<p>Brinton. She was by all the time, but did not rob me.</p>
<p>Q. Did she help to fling you on the bedstead?</p>
<p>Brinton. She joined with the other in doing it.</p>
<p>Q. Was you in company, or alone?</p>
<p>Brinton. I was alone.</p>
<p>Williams's Defence.</p>
<p>The way which we met with this man was by going into Murphy's house, the sign of the Horns, in Rag Fair, we called for a pint of beer, he was there sitting by another woman; she said how do you do to
<persName id="t17570114-15-person130"> Ann Plunket
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person130" type="surname" value="Plunket"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person130" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-15-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; as we had some beer, he said. I'll join with you, I have a shilling and am willing to spend it. He called for a pint of beer, and we drank out of it. He gave Mrs. Murphy a guinea instead of a shilling. The woman said, take care of your money, for I believe that is a guinea which you gave Mrs. Murphy; which appeared to be so.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140010"/>Q. To prosecutor. Was you at that alehouse the prisoner speaks of that night?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you, or did you not, upon your oath, see either of these women there?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I cannot swear I did.</p>
<p>Q. From M. Williams. Did not you offer Mrs. Murphy a guinea to change instead of a shilling ?</p>
<p>Brinton. I did. I had a guinea amongst my silver, and I gave her the guinea instead of a shilling to change, to pay for a pint of hot, but these women did not go along with me into the house as I know of.</p>
<p>M. Williams. The woman that was with him said, that is a guinea. He catched it out of Mrs. Murphy's hand, and took out a shilling and half a guinea; and as sure as God almighty is my judge he had but that shilling in silver.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I had four shillings and two bad halfpence in one pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Are these the same women that you drank with?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I cannot say these are the same. I gave some women some hot I know.</p>
<p>Q. Had you a woman in company with you in that alehouse?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, I had no call for one, for I have a wife and family.</p>
<p>Q. Did you sit down in the house ?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you get so drunk?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I got drunk at the Black-Boy, at Salt-petre-bank, in taking my money. I am a glass-blower.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-15-verdict86" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-15-verdict86" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acq </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-16">
<interp inst="t17570114-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-16-off88-c103" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-16-defend132 t17570114-16-off88 t17570114-16-verdict91"/>
<p>71. (L).
<persName id="t17570114-16-defend132" type="defendantName"> Susannah Williams
<interp inst="t17570114-16-defend132" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-defend132" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-defend132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-16-deflabel87" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-16-defend132 t17570114-16-deflabel87"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-16-off88" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-16-off88" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-off88" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two blankets, value 5 s. one pair of sheets, value 6 s. one pair of pillow-biers, one napkin, one towel, one flat iron, one copper saucepan; the goods of
<persName id="t17570114-16-victim134" type="victimName"> Ann Simpson
<interp inst="t17570114-16-victim134" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-victim134" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-victim134" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-16-off88 t17570114-16-victim134"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-16-viclabel89" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-16-victim134 t17570114-16-viclabel89"/>, the same being in a certain lodging room let by contract </rs>, to be used by the said
<persName id="t17570114-16-person135"> Susannah Williams
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person135" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person135" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person135" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-16-cd90" type="crimeDate">Dec. 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-16-off88 t17570114-16-cd90"/>. ++.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-16-person136"> Ann Simpson
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person136" type="surname" value="Simpson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person136" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner took a lodging room of me, and lodged in it a fortnight and upwards.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lose any thing?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. I lost two blankets, a pair of sheets, a pair of pillow-biers, and two candlesticks, a napkin, a towel, a flat iron, and copper saucepan.</p>
<p>Q. Where were they taken from?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. From out of her room.</p>
<p>Q. Were they let with the room to her?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. They were.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. In Church-yard-Alley, Fetter-lane.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you charge the prisoner?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. The prisoner owned she took them, in Bridewell.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss them?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. I missed them on the 18th of last month.</p>
<p>Q. How long had she been in your house then?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. About a fortnight and two or three days. I wanted to know where the saucepan was. She said she had sent it down stairs. I asked her maid, who said she had lent it to a friend. I desired her to go and get it, saying I wanted it.</p>
<p>Q. Was the prisoner in the room to hear this conversation between you and her maid?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. She was, and heard it all. The maid went out to see for it, and the mistress went after her. She staid out 'till about eleven at night. I went up stairs to her, and asked her if she had got it. She told me she had found out where it was pawned for 2 s. then I insisted upon having it that night, and said I would send my maid with her for it. She said she had got no money, but if I would send for it, she would give me my money again the next day.</p>
<p>Q. Did the prisoner say the maid had pawn'd it unknown to her?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. She did. Then I began to be very uneasy about the other things, and desired my maid and a young woman in the house to go up to the prisoner's room to see after them. The bed was let down, and then the other things were missing. I immediately sent for the constable of the night and charged him with her. She having no money, he took her to Bridewell. She was after that examined before the sitting alderman, and there she own'd she took the things through necessity, having been arrested for 27 s. and said, if it was in her power she would have made them good again.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Did not the maid run away when you and I had this conversation?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. Yes, she did.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Did I not go and find her, and was backwards and forwards five or six times?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Did not you make a debt of it, and say if I would lay down the money you would forgive me?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. No.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140011"/>Q. from prisoner. Did not you say in Bridewell, if I had a friend that would lay down the money you would take it, and not prosecute me?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. All I said to her there was, I wanted to know where the things were pawn'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell you ?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. She said they were pawn'd, and I found them by her direction.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My maid pawn'd them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find them by her or her maid's direction?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. By her direction.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner. Did I not go in pursuit of my maid, after she had pawn'd the saucepan ?</p>
<p>A. Simpson. Yes, she did; but then I did not know that the other things were missing.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-16-person137"> Martha Atkinson
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person137" type="surname" value="Atkinson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person137" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner told my mistress and I in Bridewell where the things were pawned.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say she had pawned them herself, or her maid ?</p>
<p>M. Atkinson. She said her maid carried them.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say by whose order?</p>
<p>M. Atkinson. She said it was by her order, to make up the money which she was arrested for; but she said she did not send her with the saucepan.</p>
<p>Q. Were all the goods mention'd to her at that time?</p>
<p>M. Atkinson. They were, and they were all pawned, but one blanket, to one pawnbroker by Shoe-Lane; but I don't know his name.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>When I took this room I told her I was at my uncle's at Highgate, and had been there almost two years backwards and forwards; I very seldom stay in London above four days together. After I had taken these lodgings I went to Highgate again on the Tuesday, and when I came home my maid (whom I had a very good character with) was crying. I said, what has happen'd? She said nothing at all. I urged her to tell me. She said I should be angry with her, and turn her away. She pretended she had spilt the looking-glass in the bed, that she was obliged to send the sheets to the woman to wash, and that I should have them on the Saturday night. On the Monday evening I borrowed my landlady's saucepan to dress dinner, and desired my maid to carry it down again, and the next day Mrs. Simpson ask'd me for it. I told her I knew nothing of it. The maid hearing her enquire after it, ran out of the room. When I found that she was gone and did not return, I said I'd dress myself and go to her mother's to see if I could find her. Her mother cried, and said she knew nothing of her. I went back again to Mrs. Simpson's and beg'd her not to be uneasy, and told her the mother lived in Chancery-Lane, and had promised to let her know where her daughter was. I was backwards and forwards that night till eleven o'clock, to see if I could find her; but could not. I beg'd of the mother to let me know where the things were pawned. She said she would shew me the pawnbroker's where they were. She had me through several alleys and courts; but I can't mention any names of places. When I came to the pawnbroker's, I asked him if there were suchand such things in
<persName id="t17570114-16-person138"> Ann Swan
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person138" type="surname" value="Swan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person138" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-16-person138" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> 's name. He said there were. I said they were stolen out of my lodgings. The pawnbroker said it was no matter to know what they were pawned for, as I had not the money to take them out; so I came back again about eleven o'clock, and said, Mrs. Simpson, I have no money, I have been to my uncle's housekeeper in the Strand and he was not at home: so I could get no money. Then I told her where they were pawned. She went along with the maid, and found the saucepan.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-16-verdict91" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-16-verdict91" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-16-punish92" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-16-punish92" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-16-defend132 t17570114-16-punish92"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-17-off94-c109" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-defend139 t17570114-17-off94 t17570114-17-verdict97"/>
<p>72. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-17-defend139" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Knotmill , otherwise
<rs id="t17570114-17-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-defend139 t17570114-17-alias-2"/>Shelton</rs>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-defend139" type="surname" value="Knotmill"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-defend139" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-defend139" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-17-deflabel93" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-defend139 t17570114-17-deflabel93"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-17-off94" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-17-off94" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-off94" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. 3 s. the property of
<persName id="t17570114-17-victim142" type="victimName"> Abraham Thomas
<interp inst="t17570114-17-victim142" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-victim142" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-victim142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-off94 t17570114-17-victim142"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of the said Abraham </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-17-cd95" type="crimeDate">Jan. 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-off94 t17570114-17-cd95"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17570114-17-person143"> Abraham Thomas
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person143" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person143" type="given" value="Abraham"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<rs id="t17570114-17-viclabel96" type="occupation">I sell gingerbread and salop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-victim142 t17570114-17-viclabel96"/> in St. Paul's Church-Yard. The prisoner being in a starving condition, and wanting a little girl to assist my wife, we took her in from out of the street. She told us she had neither father nor mother, or any friend in the world. On the 4th of this instant January, I was out about my business. My wife came to me between four and five in the afternoon, and told me she had lost the watch. I went home, and we made inquiry after the prisoner; but could not find her. The next morning I went to the Blackmore's-Head in Hedge-Lane, having heard her talk of that place; it happen'd to be the next door to where her father lives, and there I was told she had been a very bad girl. I could not find her till last Saturday
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140012"/> night, when I found her in Tothill-fields Bridewell, and was told by the keeper she was committed there as a disorderly person. I challeng'd her with stealing the watch. She said she was very innocent of it, and did not value whatever I could do to her. I took her before justice Welch.</p>
<p>Q. Did she confess any thing there?</p>
<p>Thomas. No, nothing at all.</p>
<p>Q. When did you take her into your house?</p>
<p>Thomas. I took her in on New-Year's day, in the afternoon. She staid but from that Saturday in the afternoon, till the Tuesday following.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-17-person144"> Mary Thomas
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person144" type="surname" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person144" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person144" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to the prosecutor. A person came to our house for a bottle, which was above stairs. I sent the prisoner up for it. She came down and left the bottle on my husband's stand, that he sells his salop on, in the passage, and went away. The watch had been hanging up in the same room where she fetch'd the bottle from, and it was gone.</p>
<p>Q. When had you seen it last before that time?</p>
<p>M. Thomas. I had seen it about half an hour before. I never saw the girl after that, till I saw her before the justice.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her go out?</p>
<p>M. Thomas. No, I went to the stair foot (after I thought she staid a great while) and call'd her. She made no answer. Then I ran up, and missed the watch.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear her examined before the justice?</p>
<p>M. Thomas. I did; but she acknowledged nothing. All she said was, that I abused her; which was the reason of her going away.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-17-person145"> Hannah Mathews
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person145" type="surname" value="Mathews"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person145" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went to the prosecutor's house, and asked for a quart bottle. Mrs. Thomas sent the prisoner up-stairs for it, but we did not see her come down again. Her mistress went up-stairs, and missed the watch directly.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I was scowering a pair of stairs, and happen'd to fling the brush down the necessary house. My mistress came and call'd me a great many names. This woman came for her quart bottle, and I was sent up for it. I brought it down, and went to a chandler's shop, where I had some beer. The woman there gave my mistress a very bad character. I said she had quarrel'd with me and abused me, and curs'd and swore at me. I never saw the watch.</p>
<p>Q. to M. Thomas. Did you quarrel with her as she has mention'd ?</p>
<p>M. Thomas. I found her very lazy and slothful, so told her if she did not mind her business she would not do for me. I had set her to clean the kitchen stairs, but instead of that she went down to the necessary house. I never gave her an ill word.</p>
<p>Q. Did the watch hang up so as any body going into the room might see it ?</p>
<p>M. Thomas. It did.</p>
<p>Q. Could any body else get into that room ?</p>
<p>M. Thomas. No. The outward door was lock'd with a spring lock, and nobody could go up but the prisoner.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-17-verdict97" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-17-verdict97" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-17-verdict97" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Guilty 39 s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17570114-17-punish98" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-17-punish98" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-17-defend139 t17570114-17-punish98"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-18-off100-c114" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-18-defend147 t17570114-18-off100 t17570114-18-verdict102"/>
<p>73. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-18-defend147" type="defendantName"> Ann Long
<interp inst="t17570114-18-defend147" type="surname" value="Long"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-defend147" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-defend147" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-18-deflabel99" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-18-defend147 t17570114-18-deflabel99"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-18-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-18-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one silver spoon, value 10 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-18-victim148" type="victimName"> Rice Price
<interp inst="t17570114-18-victim148" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-victim148" type="given" value="Rice"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-victim148" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-18-off100 t17570114-18-victim148"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-18-cd101" type="crimeDate">Dec 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-18-off100 t17570114-18-cd101"/>.* </p>
<p>Margaret Price. The prisoner came to my house, on the Thursday night before New-Year's day, for some pearl ashes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a married woman ?</p>
<p>M. Price. Yes. My husband's name is Rice. My maid was making a mess of water-gruel. After the prisoner was gone the maid missed a silver spoon, that she had been using, from off the counter; where she said she had laid it. I went after the prisoner to her master's house. I told the mistress what we missed, and that I suspected her maid. She and I went up-stairs to her room.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the prisoner ?</p>
<p>M. Price. She was sitting, at the same time, on her bed-side. In turning up the bed we found the spoon lying on the sacking of the bedstead. It was mark'd with my husband's and my name.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say ?</p>
<p>M. Price. She beg'd for mercy.</p>
<p>Q. Mention the words she made use of.</p>
<p>M. Price. To tell the very words I cannot. She said she was never guilty of the like before, nor ever would be again, and beg'd we'd be merciful to her. I have heard she bore a very good character before this.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-18-person149"> Elizabeth Frecleton
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person149" type="surname" value="Frecleton"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person149" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person149" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner lived with me at the time this thing happe n'd.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live ?</p>
<p>E. Frecleton. I live by Bow-Church. Mrs. Price came to me, and asked me where my girl was. I said, I believed she was gone to bed. She told me they had missed a silver spoon, which her maid had just put down out of her hand, and there was room for suspecting my girl of stealing
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140013"/> it. We went up to her. She was sitting on the side of the bed. We asked her to see her pocket. We found nothing there. Then Mrs. Price asked for the key of her box, that was standing by the bed-side. We looked, but found nothing there. Then I turn'd up her bed, and there lay the spoon; which Mrs. Price own'd. The prisoner had silver spoons, tankards and other silver things in my house in her care. She was always very honest to me. I had so good an opinion of the girl, that really I was so surprised that I could hardly tell what was said at that time.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I had been to fetch some sand, and when I went to dry it by the fire I found the spoon in it.</p>
<p>Q. to E. Frecleton. How long had she lived with you ?</p>
<p>E. Frecleton. She had lived with me but a very little time. I had a very good character with her, and she was a very good servant.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-18-person150"> William Richards
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person150" type="surname" value="Richards"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person150" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner served as an apprentice for five years with me; during which time she behaved just and honest to me.</p>
<p>Rivers Grindal. The prisoner's mother has work'd in my house, as a chairwoman, eight or ten years, whom I take to be remarkably honest; during which time I never heard any thing ill of the prisoner. She always bore the character of a sober honest girl.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-18-person151"> Samuel Chandler
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person151" type="surname" value="Chandler"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person151" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-person151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner from her infancy; I never knew her guilty of an ill action in my life before this.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-18-verdict102" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-18-verdict102" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-verdict102" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17570114-18-punish103" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-18-punish103" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-18-punish103" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-18-defend147 t17570114-18-punish103"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-19">
<interp inst="t17570114-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-19-off105-c119" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-19-defend153 t17570114-19-off105 t17570114-19-verdict107"/>
<p>74. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-19-defend153" type="defendantName"> Jane Carrol
<interp inst="t17570114-19-defend153" type="surname" value="Carrol"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-defend153" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-defend153" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-19-deflabel104" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-19-defend153 t17570114-19-deflabel104"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-19-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-19-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing one pair of leather breeches, value 2 s. one brass candlestick, value 2 s. and one silk handkerchief, value 8 d. </rs> the goods of
<persName id="t17570114-19-victim154" type="victimName"> Matth.ew Callahan
<interp inst="t17570114-19-victim154" type="surname" value="Callahan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-victim154" type="given" value="Matth.ew"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-victim154" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-19-off105 t17570114-19-victim154"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-19-cd106" type="crimeDate">Dec. 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-19-off105 t17570114-19-cd106"/>.* </p>
<p>Matthew Callahan. The prisoner was with me in the nature of an acquaintance. She had done odd jobs for my wife, so we gave her victuals, drink, washing and lodging, and at last she rob'd us, and we took her up by a suspicious warrant.</p>
<p>Q. What goods did you miss?</p>
<p>Callahan. I missed a pair of leather breeches, likewise a brass candlestick, and a silk handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss them?</p>
<p>Callahan. I believe it was about the middle of last month.</p>
<p>Q. Was you with her before the justice?</p>
<p>Callahan. I was, and there she confessed, in my hearing, that she had taken the things, and said where she had pawn'd the candlestick and handkerchief; but when we went to demand them the people denied having them. She told us where she had sold the breeches for two shillings. We went there, and the man owned he had sold them.</p>
<p>Q. Where did she say she pawn'd the candlestick and handkerchief?</p>
<p>Callahan. She said she had pawn'd them at a pawnbroker's, in Penton Street.</p>
<p>Q. Was her confession put in writing?</p>
<p>Callahan. It was.</p>
<p>Q. Did she sign it?</p>
<p>Callahan. She did. I saw her sign it. (The confession produced.)</p>
<p>Justice Welch. (Takes it in his hand.) This is my hand-writing. (Looking to his name on it.)</p>
<p>It is read to this purport:</p>
<p>'' That she being charged upon oath by the '' prosecutor with taking, and carrying away '' goods, as mentioned in the indictment; voluntarily '' faith, she took from the prosecutor's '' house a pair of leather breeches; which she '' sold to a person near Monmouth-Street for two '' shillings, and a brass candlestick and silk handkerchief, '' which she pawn'd to a person, but to '' whom she knows not.''</p>
<persName id="t17570114-19-person155"> John Haistings
<interp inst="t17570114-19-person155" type="surname" value="Haistings"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-person155" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I bought a pair of leather breeches, but whether it was of the woman at the bar, or another, or whether they were that man's breeches, I can't tell; they came and asked me for such a pair. I know I had sold them a month before they came and asked me about them.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-19-verdict107" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-19-verdict107" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-19-verdict107" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17570114-19-punish108" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-19-punish108" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-19-defend153 t17570114-19-punish108"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<interp inst="t17570114-20" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-20-off110-c122" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-20-defend156 t17570114-20-off110 t17570114-20-verdict113"/>
<p>75. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-20-defend156" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Cox
<interp inst="t17570114-20-defend156" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-defend156" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-defend156" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-20-deflabel109" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-20-defend156 t17570114-20-deflabel109"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-20-off110" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-20-off110" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-off110" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three washing tubs, value 9 d. and one wooden bowl, value 3 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-20-victim158" type="victimName"> Jane Morgan
<interp inst="t17570114-20-victim158" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-victim158" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-victim158" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-20-off110 t17570114-20-victim158"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-20-cd111" type="crimeDate">Jan. 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-20-off110 t17570114-20-cd111"/>.* </p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140014"/>Jane Morgan. I had three washing tubs in my yard, in
<placeName id="t17570114-20-crimeloc112">Green-Arbour Court, near the Little Old-Bailey</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-crimeloc112" type="placeName" value="Green-Arbour Court, near the Little Old-Bailey"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-crimeloc112" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-20-off110 t17570114-20-crimeloc112"/>. The prisoner came at divers times and took them away.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>J. Morgan. Because she confessed it to me, and told me all the places where she had sold them at.</p>
<p>Q. When did she confess this?</p>
<p>J. Morgan. On Monday last before justice Fielding.</p>
<p>Q. To whom did she say she sold them?</p>
<p>J. Morgan. She said she sold one to a person named Mary M'Can, and the others in Field-Lane.</p>
<p>Mary M'Can. The prisoner came to me on Saturday last, and asked me to buy a tub that she had fetch'd out of pawn; saying, she wanted twopence to pay for her lodging. She asked me a shilling for it. She had it with her, and I bought it for nine-pence.</p>
<p>Q. Has
<persName id="t17570114-20-person159"> Jane Morgan
<interp inst="t17570114-20-person159" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-person159" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-20-person159" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> seen that tub since?</p>
<p>M. M'Can. She had since been with me and own'd it, and I gave it up to her.</p>
<p>Prisoner. That evidence has known me seven years. She can give me a character.</p>
<p>M. M'Can. I have known her about eight years ago, she was then in a very good place; I have known but little of her since. I know she has been in distress.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-20-verdict113" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-20-verdict113" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-20-punish114" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-20-punish114" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-20-defend156 t17570114-20-punish114"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-21-off115-c125" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-21-defend161 t17570114-21-off115 t17570114-21-verdict118"/>
<p>76. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-21-defend161" type="defendantName"> James Savage
<interp inst="t17570114-21-defend161" type="surname" value="Savage"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-defend161" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-defend161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-21-off115" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-21-off115" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-off115" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing thirty bricks, value 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-21-victim163" type="victimName"> Mark Jefferson
<interp inst="t17570114-21-victim163" type="surname" value="Jefferson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-victim163" type="given" value="Mark"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-victim163" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-21-off115 t17570114-21-victim163"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-21-cd116" type="crimeDate">Dec. 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-21-off115 t17570114-21-cd116"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-21-person164"> Mark Jefferson
<interp inst="t17570114-21-person164" type="surname" value="Jefferson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-person164" type="given" value="Mark"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had a parcel of bricks, by a building, in
<placeName id="t17570114-21-crimeloc117">Holbourn, near the Black-Swan</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-crimeloc117" type="placeName" value="Holbourn, near the Black-Swan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-crimeloc117" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-21-off115 t17570114-21-crimeloc117"/>. On the 15th of December, in the evening, I was sent for, and informed somebody were stealing my bricks. I went there, and all I can say is, that the bricks are my property that lay there.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell whether any were missing from the heap ?</p>
<p>Jefferson. No, I cannot.</p>
<p>Q. Have you heard the prisoner say any thing about them?</p>
<p>Jefferson. He beg'd I'd be favourable to him, and said it was so trifling a thing he thought I could not be off from pardoning him for it.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear him accused of taking any ?</p>
<p>Jefferson. I did; but can't say he did immediately own it.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-21-person165"> William Farrown
<interp inst="t17570114-21-person165" type="surname" value="Farrown"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-person165" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-21-person165" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live close by where the brick-heap was. I stood by my door and saw a man come and carry away several baskets full of bricks from that heap. I thought I'd detect him. When he came again and fill'd his basket I went and laid hold of him. He said he'd do so no more. I asked him where he carried them. He said, into Purpool-Lane. I asked him what to do. He said, they were to build up a job, in mending a chimney. I carried him into the yard. We charged a constable with him. There came the bricklayer that he was stealing the bricks for. I took him and carried him into the yard also; but he got over the place, and so got away.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>If my prosecutor will pardon me I'll never do the like again.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-21-verdict118" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-21-verdict118" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-21-punish119" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-21-punish119" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-21-defend161 t17570114-21-punish119"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-22-off120-c129" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-22-defend167 t17570114-22-off120 t17570114-22-verdict123"/>
<p>77. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-22-defend167" type="defendantName"> William King
<interp inst="t17570114-22-defend167" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-defend167" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-defend167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-22-off120" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-22-off120" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-off120" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing one tin-burner for a lamp, value 4 d. the property of
<persName id="t17570114-22-victim169" type="victimName"> John Hinks
<interp inst="t17570114-22-victim169" type="surname" value="Hinks"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-victim169" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-victim169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and one tin burner for a lamp, value 4 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-22-victim171" type="victimName"> James Love
<interp inst="t17570114-22-victim171" type="surname" value="Love"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-victim171" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-victim171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-22-cd121" type="crimeDate">Dec. 12</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-22-off120 t17570114-22-cd121"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17570114-22-person172"> John Hinks
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person172" type="surname" value="Hinks"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person172" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person172" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had lost a great many tin-burners out of lamps, from the stair-cases in the inns of court, and since this man at the bar has been taken into custody I have not lost any.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-22-person173"> James Love
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person173" type="surname" value="Love"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person173" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have lost a great number of tin-burners from the inns of court. A person call'd upon me to know if I had lost one out of
<placeName id="t17570114-22-crimeloc122">Barnard's-Inn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-crimeloc122" type="placeName" value="Barnard's-Inn"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-crimeloc122" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-22-off120 t17570114-22-crimeloc122"/>. My servant, that has the care of them, said we had. He was shew'd one, and swore that was the same that was lost from thence.</p>
<p>Q. Why do you charge the prisoner at the bar?</p>
<p>Love. I heard the prisoner confess he stole that, and some that I lost before. There was one of mine, and one of Mr. Hinks's then before him.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-22-person174"> William Derry
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person174" type="surname" value="Derry"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person174" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person174" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I think it was the 12th of December when I was in Clifford's-Inn, and saw the prisoner come from one of our stair-cases. I suspected him to be one of those that stole the lamps from the stair-cases, so I took and search'd him, and in his pocket I found two. ( Produced in court.) I asked him where he stole them from. This he said he stole from out of the Temple (holding one
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140015"/> in his hand) and the other out of Barnard's-Inn, in Holbourn.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-22-person175"> Henry Brown
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person175" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person175" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner was taken on a Sunday night with these two tin-burners here upon him, and this (holding one in his hand) I know to be my master's property.</p>
<p>Q. Who is your master?</p>
<p>Brown. His name is
<persName id="t17570114-22-person176"> James Love
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person176" type="surname" value="Love"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person176" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Hinks. Look upon the other burner, do you know it?</p>
<p>Hinks. That is mine.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it to be yours?</p>
<p>Hinks. I have progressive numbers upon them, by which I know them.</p>
<p>Q. Do you supply the Temple?</p>
<p>Hinks. I do. This is No. 7, the very same that was missing, that very night, from Fig-Tree Court.</p>
<p>Q. to Brown. Who lights the lamps in Barnard's-Inn ?</p>
<p>Brown. I do. This is No. 13, in that inn.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never took any before them.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-22-person177"> Sarah Maschal
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person177" type="surname" value="Maschal"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person177" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-22-person177" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner upwards of ten years.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>S. Maschal. I never knew any ill at all by him.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-22-verdict123" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-22-verdict123" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-22-punish124" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-22-punish124" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-22-defend167 t17570114-22-punish124"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-23-off126-c138" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-23-defend179 t17570114-23-off126 t17570114-23-verdict129"/>
<p>78, 79. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-23-defend179" type="defendantName"> Walter Broxton
<interp inst="t17570114-23-defend179" type="surname" value="Broxton"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-defend179" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-defend179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-23-defend181" type="defendantName"> John Gouge
<interp inst="t17570114-23-defend181" type="surname" value="Gouge"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-defend181" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-defend181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted, the first for
<rs id="t17570114-23-off125" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-23-off125" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-off125" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing two truffes of hay, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-23-victim183" type="victimName"> Charles Bocock
<interp inst="t17570114-23-victim183" type="surname" value="Bocock"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-victim183" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-victim183" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the other for
<rs id="t17570114-23-off126" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-23-off126" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-off126" type="offenceSubcategory" value="receiving"/> receiving the same well knowing them to have been stolen </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-23-cd127" type="crimeDate">Dec. 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-23-off125 t17570114-23-cd127"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-23-off126 t17570114-23-cd127"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-23-person184"> Charles Bocock
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person184" type="surname" value="Bocock"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person184" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person184" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Bloxton was my
<rs id="t17570114-23-deflabel128" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-23-defend179 t17570114-23-deflabel128"/>. I was informed he made a practice of selling my hay, so I made it my business to way-lay him, and I catched him in selling two trusses of hay to the other prisoner. He stop'd his cart in White-Chappel, and threw two trusses down, and each of them took one, and carried them into a back place, in a stable, and put them up into the hay-loft.</p>
<p>Q. What was in the cart?</p>
<p>Bocock. There was a load of hay, which I had sold to a brewhouse at 45 s. One went up into the lost, and the other handed them up. As soon as the buyer came down I collar'd him, and charged him with buying stolen hay, and desired him to go before a magistrate. He was very unwilling, but at length I got him there. When he found I was master of the hay he would have paid me for it. I told him I had sold him no hay, for that load of hay was sold already, and I could not sell it twice, so should take no money of him; so he gave the money, which was two shillings, to Broxton, my man, who took it, and put it into his pocket. After that I went to the brewhouse to see if there were any mistake, that is, if the hay should be short.</p>
<p>Q. Were there two trusses of hay short ?</p>
<p>Bocock. I don't know whether there were or not. They acknowledged they had received a full load of hay.</p>
<p>Q. What brewhouse was the hay carried to?</p>
<p>Bocock. To Mr. Trueman's brewhouse.</p>
<p>Bloxton's Defence.</p>
<p>The horsekeeper said if I could sell a truss or two of hay, in coming along, I was very welcome; so I sold these two trusses.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Who did you see at the brew-house, that told you they had received the hay?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I saw the horsekeeper. He always takes in the hay.</p>
<p>Gouge's Defence.</p>
<p>I bought the hay of this man (looking to Broxton) and paid him for it. I was coming from the blacksmith's with my horse. I asked him if he'd sell any hay. He said he'd sell a truss or two. I gave him two shillings for it. My master was then very ill in bed, and we were out of hay.</p>
<p>For Gouge:</p>
<persName id="t17570114-23-person185"> Edward Robins
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person185" type="surname" value="Robins"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person185" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person185" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Gouge lived servant with me, and is a very honest fellow; I have known him fourteen or fifteen years.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Robins. I keep a little shop in White-Chappel.</p>
<p>Q. Do you keep horses?</p>
<p>Robins. I do.</p>
<p>Q. Had he used to buy hay for you?</p>
<p>Robins. He never did but once, and that was two trusses: hay being short, and I was sick at the time.</p>
<p>Q. Did he buy it by your order ?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140016"/>Robins. No, he did not. He gave a market price for it, as hay went then by the load.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-23-person186"> William Clements
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person186" type="surname" value="Clements"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person186" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Gouge to have the character of a very honest man.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known him?</p>
<p>Clements. I don't know how long, he work'd at the Tower some years in making the cartridges. I know his master [the last witness] was very ill at the time he bought this hay.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-23-person187"> Christopher Gardner
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person187" type="surname" value="Gardner"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person187" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-23-person187" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Gouge about half a year. I have known his master some time, who was ill in his bed, and the prisoner said, he did not know what do for some hay for his horses. I have been with the master in the market in White-Chapel, when he has bought hay; he never trusted his servant when he was well, to buy hay. I was in the stables several times while the master was ill, and no-body expected his life. I remember the horse was eating oat straw. I asked the prisoner why he let the horse eat oat straw; he said, because his master had no hay.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-23-verdict129" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-23-verdict129" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-23-verdict130" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-23-verdict130" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acq. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17570114-23-punish131" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-23-punish131" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-23-defend179 t17570114-23-punish131"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-23-defend181 t17570114-23-punish131"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-24">
<interp inst="t17570114-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-24-off133-c145" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-24-defend188 t17570114-24-off133 t17570114-24-verdict137"/>
<p>80. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-24-defend188" type="defendantName"> Martha
<rs id="t17570114-24-deflabel132" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-24-defend188 t17570114-24-deflabel132"/> of
<persName id="t17570114-24-person189"> William Perry
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person189" type="surname" value="Perry"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person189" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-defend188" type="surname" value="Perry"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-defend188" type="given" value="Martha"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-defend188" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-24-off133" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-24-off133" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-off133" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing ten linen sheets, value 10 s. two linen shifts, value 1 s. one check'd apron, value 1 s. </rs> the goods of persons to the jurors unknown,
<rs id="t17570114-24-cd134" type="crimeDate">Jan. 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-24-off133 t17570114-24-cd134"/>. +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-24-person190"> John Swallow
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person190" type="surname" value="Swallow"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person190" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person190" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am overseer of the parish of St. Margaret's Westminster. The prisoner was a
<rs id="t17570114-24-deflabel135" type="occupation">nurse in the workhouse</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-24-defend188 t17570114-24-deflabel135"/> belonging to the said parish, our board sets every Thursday night; during the time they were fitting, there was complaint made, that eighteen sheets were missing. The maron said, she believed the prisoner had taken them out of the house and pawned them. She was sent for down, and charged with so doing, and before the board she own'd she had carried some out to pawn. The gentlemen desired I would take her before justice Manly the next morning. She confessed she had taken ten sheets out of the workhouse. I went to the justice to desire him to grant me a search warrant, which he did; then I took a constable with me, and we went and search'd at Mrs. Adams's, a pawnbroker, in College-street, and at Mrs. Griffith's, a pawnbroker in Tothill-street; we found five in each place, mark'd with the parish mark, SMW. ( produced in court.)</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing else?</p>
<p>Swallow. We found a check'd apron at Griffith's, and two linen shifts at one Cooper's.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-24-person191"> Ann Fletcher
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person191" type="surname" value="Fletcher"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person191" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person191" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner was a nurse in
<placeName id="t17570114-24-crimeloc136">St. Margaret's workhouse</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-crimeloc136" type="placeName" value="St. Margaret's workhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-crimeloc136" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-24-off133 t17570114-24-crimeloc136"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>A. Fletcher. I am matron there; the prisoner had taken these things out of the house and pledged them.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>A. Fletcher. Because she owned it, and directed us to the pawnbrokers where we found them.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure they belong to the house?</p>
<p>A. Fletcher. Here is the house mark upon them.</p>
<p>Q. Was you present when the woman was examined?</p>
<p>A. Fletcher. I was, and heard her acknowledge she had taken them, but not with an intent to defraud, but to bring them back again.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-24-person192"> Mary Adams
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person192" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person192" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person192" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The prisoner brought four sheets to me, and I lent her money upon them.</p>
<p>Court. Here are five produced, said to be found at your house.</p>
<p>M. Adams. There are so, but I can swear but to the taking in of four of them.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know her before?</p>
<p>M. Adams. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you deliver the sheets to?</p>
<p>M. Adams. To the constable and overseer.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-24-person193"> Mary Griffith
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person193" type="surname" value="Griffith"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person193" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person193" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I took five sheets and a colour'd apron in, of the prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know her before?</p>
<p>M. Gr iffith. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>M. Griffith. I live in Tothill-street.</p>
<p>Q. Is that in the same parish where the prisoner lived ?</p>
<p>M. Griffith. It is.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to take in these things, knowing where she lived, and what they were?</p>
<p>No answer.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you deliver them to?</p>
<p>M. Griffith. To the overseer.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-24-person194"> William Cooper
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person194" type="surname" value="Cooper"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person194" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to
<persName id="t17570114-24-person195"> Peregrine Hutton
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person195" type="surname" value="Hutton"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person195" type="given" value="Peregrine"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, who is my uncle, and pawned two shifts with me.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lend her upon them?</p>
<p>Cooper. I lent her two shillings.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-24-person196"> Richard Wicks
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person196" type="surname" value="Wicks"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person196" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-24-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a constable. The overseer sent for me after the prisoner was taken up. I went to the justice, who granted a search warrant, and we went to these pawnbrokers, and this linen here produced was delivered to me.</p>
<p>Q. What did you find at each place?</p>
<p>Wicks. I found five sheets and a blue and white apron, at Mrs. Griffith's; and five sheets, at Mrs.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140017"/> Adams's; and two sheets at Cooper's, in the Ambury.</p>
<p>Q. What did the prisoner say for herself ?</p>
<p>Wicks. She said, she had nothing to say for herself, only that she did intend to redeem them again.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I have an unfortunate daughter that is drawn away from me, and I took these things in order for her use, with an intent to bring them back again as soon as I could raise the money.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-24-verdict137" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-24-verdict137" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-24-punish138" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-24-punish138" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-24-defend188 t17570114-24-punish138"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-25">
<interp inst="t17570114-25" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-25-off139-c154" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-25-defend198 t17570114-25-off139 t17570114-25-verdict142"/>
<p>81. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-25-defend198" type="defendantName"> Charles Shutter
<interp inst="t17570114-25-defend198" type="surname" value="Shutter"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-defend198" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-defend198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-25-off139" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-25-off139" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-off139" type="offenceSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> feloniously slaying
<persName id="t17570114-25-victim200" type="victimName"> Hugh Cockerham
<interp inst="t17570114-25-victim200" type="surname" value="Cockerham"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-victim200" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-victim200" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-25-off139 t17570114-25-victim200"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-25-cd140" type="crimeDate">Jan 19</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-25-off139 t17570114-25-cd140"/>. +.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-25-person201"> Frances Cockerham
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person201" type="surname" value="Cockerham"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person201" type="given" value="Frances"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person201" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The deceased
<persName id="t17570114-25-person202"> Hugh Cockerham
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person202" type="surname" value="Cockerham"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person202" type="given" value="Hugh"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was my husband. I was at Mr. Gentleman's house.</p>
<p>Q. Who is he?</p>
<p>F. Cockerham. He keeps a public house. My husband came in to look for me; and I went in, in order to look for him. He desired me to go home. I heard a scuffle in the tap-room and return'd back again, when I saw this corporal and my husband engaged together. [The prisoner is a
<rs id="t17570114-25-deflabel141" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-25-defend198 t17570114-25-deflabel141"/> ] I took hold on the corporal's hair and pull'd him away, and no harm happen'd at that time as I saw. Then my husband desired me to go home again. I desired him to go with me. He said he would not. I went to a neighbour's house and staid there about a quarter of an hour, and in came
<persName id="t17570114-25-person203"> Richard Christy
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person203" type="surname" value="Christy"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person203" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person203" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> with my husband's hat in his hand, and told me my husband was killed, and that he was bleeding in my room. I asked him who brought him in, and how he came there.</p>
<p>Q. Did he tell you how it happened?</p>
<p>F. Cockerham. No he did not, nor who brought him home. He told me they had thrown him upon the fire and burnt his temple after his face was cut. His forehead was cut very much.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he live after this?</p>
<p>F. Cockerham. He lived 2 month and two days after. He was buried last night. He lay in a very lingering way, and always told me till his death, that the corporal was the death of him.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-25-person204"> Catharine Walley
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person204" type="surname" value="Walley"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person204" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person204" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went into Mr. Gentleman's where this accident happened, and in about a minute after I was there, in came Mr. Cockerham; his wife being there he desired her to go home, accordingly she turn'd out of the room. He was talking to somebody, I don't know who; one said, I speak my own country language, do not you understand me.</p>
<p>Q. Who said that ?</p>
<p>C. Walley. It was the prisoner at the bar said that. I saw Mr. Cockerham get up two or three times, so did the prisoner; the men that were in the room got between them, so I saw no blows given. There was no damage done while I was there. I went home directly.</p>
<p>Q. From Prisoner. Did not you see Mr. Cockerham give me the first blow ?</p>
<p>C. Walley. I did not see who struck first, I saw no blows.</p>
<p>Mr. Gentleman. The prisoner at the bar and his comrade were drinking a pint of ale in my house; in came Cockerham, who saw his wife, and the last evidence; and said to her, pray madam, what do you do here, you should be at home. March now, (as much as to say go home.) She said, I will not go without you go with me; he said again, I say go home.</p>
<p>Q. Did she obey his order?</p>
<p>Gentleman. She did, but not immediately. After she was gone, she and Mrs. Walley came in again for a pint of hot, for Walley's husband. She was warming it herself at the corner of the fire; the prisoner was sitting by the fire and seemed to force his discourse to her, as she was warming her husband's pint of hot. Cockerham the deceased called the prisoner some names, and said, what business have you chattering with her. The prisoner said, what business have you with it. Cockerham jump'd up. and gave the prisoner two or three blows, and said, I'll cut off one of your ears. Said the prisoner if you do, I'll have your hearts blood. After this they sat to, and got into the box, and had a a few pulls by the hair, and little things that would not kill a rat. We parted them, and put them at a distance. I having some business at the bar, while I went there they step'd up to each other, and went at it again. They had a fall, the prisoner at the bar was underneath, and the serjeant had his forehead cut by the grate, as he fell.</p>
<p>Q. Who do you call the serjeant ?</p>
<p>Gentleman. The deceased was a serjeant, and the prisoner a corporal.</p>
<p>Q. When did the deceased die?</p>
<p>Gentleman. He died a month and two days after this. I went to see him before he died. There were two serjeant majors sent to examine me. They asked me who was the aggressor, was it the serjeant or the corporal. I told them before Cockerham's face, that he was the aggressor.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140018"/> He was then sitting on his breech in his bed. I said to him, Cockerham, the fault lies upon you.</p>
<p>Q. What was his answer to that ?</p>
<p>Gentleman. He said, I know it. I entirely forgive him, and know I am guilty of the fault; and said to the serjeant majors, dear gentlemen, don't let me be brought to a hearing.</p>
<p>Q. What did he mean by that ?</p>
<p>Gentleman. I suppose he meant, not to let him be brought to a court martial. He acknowledged he was aggressor to the last.</p>
<p>Q. From prisoner. Did not serjeant Cockerham desire me to come and shake hands with him?</p>
<p>Gentleman. Yes, he did.</p>
<p>Q. What were his words ?</p>
<p>Gentleman. He said, let the man come. Let me see the man, for I want to shake hands with him, for I own I was the aggressor. This is truth. The woman may say as she pleases.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>That night when I was drinking a pint of ale, in Mr. Gentleman's house, serjeant Cockerham's wife and Mrs. Walley happen'd to come in. I had a comrade of mine with me. Mrs. Walley bespoke a pint of hot, which she said was for her husband, who was in bed. In the mean time serjeant Cockerham came in and saw his spouse there. She was fractious in liquor; he bid her go home. She said she would drink something first. Then Mr. Gentleman was taking the pint of hot from the fire. He said here is a pint of hot making. The woman said I wait for it, I'll take it home for my husband. I said to Mrs. Walley, I wish I was your husband, if it was but for sake of the pint of hot. So perhaps serjeant Cockerham thought I spoke to his wife. He said, what chattering Rachel is this. I did not know him, nor he me then. He repeated those words twice. I look'd round and said, is it me you speak to. He said, yes, you scoundrel, you impudent puppy, if I had you in another place I would cut your ears off. I said, then you would serve me, as they do the rogues in my country, to make an example of them. Mr. Gentleman said, do'nt make a disturbance. I said I know nothing of the man, nor he of me, if he will keep himself to himself, I will not interrupt him, making slight of the thing, which madehim mad, and he got up and gave me a blow on the face. I laid hold of him in order to keep him quiet, and in the mean time my landlord and my comrade laid hold of me; and Mrs. Cockerham, in order to take care of me, pulled me backwards by my hair. After we were parted, I sat down, and said, as you are a serjeant and I but a corporal, it does not become me to strike you again. according to our martial law, but according to that law I'll make proper complaint of you to my field officer. He will you, you dog. I said yes I will. I drank my, and as I was ting my pint down, he came up and gave me a blow on my eyebrow, which made me a black eye, and knocked me backwards and was going to get up again he followed him slow and struck me on my back; whether he had a mind to give me a lirce on my fall, or whether it was his being drunk I know not, but he follow on me and before went against the grate, gave him this would. After we got up he sat down and directly put his handkerchief to it. His head bled very much. Mr. Gentleman sent for a surgeon, who dressed his would. I went home and went to bed. Mrs. Cockerham came to my serjeant's house, and desired to know whether the Hanoverian corporal was at home or aning me and desired he would be to good confine me. This obliged me to make my complaint to the field officer. I got up in the morning and did so, and I was promised I should have justice done me. After this two serjeant majors were sent to enquire into the affair, and Mr. Gentleman went with them to the deceased. The account of what passed there, he has given this honourable court As he wanted to see me, I went twice to see him, but I was denied seeing him by his wife, with very bad words.</p>
<p>For the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-25-person205"> William Fordice
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person205" type="surname" value="Fordice"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person205" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-25-person205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a surgeon. I was sent for five days after this happen'd, and found a wound on the deceased's head. I examined it; the symptoms were then very favourable for a wound in the head, because all wounds on the head are more or less dangerous. He asked me what I thought. I said as all wounds on the head are more or less dangerous, I could not say any thing to it, but I could not discover any marks of a fracture in the scull. For some days the thing went on very well. After a time they sent word the serjeant was very ill. I went to him, and found he had a difficulty in breathing, and that he had been let blood the night before, without letting me know of it. Then I found he had a pleurify, and was very yellow; which we look upon as a very bad symptom. In a pleurify it is generally mortal.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140019"/>Q. What is your opinion was the occasion of his death ?</p>
<p>Fordice I believe he died of a pleurisy.</p>
<p>Q. Do you believe that wound on his head was the occasion of bringing the pleurisy on him ?</p>
<p>Fordice. I believe that might put him in a severish slate. I can't say as to that.</p>
<p>Q. Did you open the body afterwards ?</p>
<p>Fordice I did, and upon looking on the of the scull I could not see any marks of a fracture at all. We opened likewise his breast, and on that side, where he make complaint, we found a great collection of matter; such a quantity as was sufficient to destroy any person in such a d, unless they spit it out. It was sufficient to convince me he died of that pleurisy.</p>
<p>Q. Whether you think he would have died so soon it he had not received ?</p>
<p>Fordice. I think he would; but am not sure of that.</p>
<p>The prisoner had several witnesses to his character, but the court thought it needless to cn.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-25-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-25-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>, and that the deceased died a natural death.</p> </div1>
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<p>82. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-26-defend207" type="defendantName"> Mary Lawrence
<interp inst="t17570114-26-defend207" type="surname" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-defend207" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-defend207" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
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<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-26-defend207 t17570114-26-deflabel143"/>, was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17570114-26-off144" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-off144" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing five guineas, 4 half guineas, and 31 s. in money number'd, the money of
<persName id="t17570114-26-victim209" type="victimName"> Thomas Sipling
<interp inst="t17570114-26-victim209" type="surname" value="Sipling"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-victim209" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-victim209" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-26-off144 t17570114-26-victim209"/> </persName> , privately and secretly from his person </rs>.
<rs id="t17570114-26-cd145" type="crimeDate">March. 9</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-26-off144 t17570114-26-cd145"/>. ++</p>
<persName id="t17570114-26-person210"> Thomas Sipling
<interp inst="t17570114-26-person210" type="surname" value="Sipling"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-person210" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-26-person210" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am
<rs id="t17570114-26-viclabel146" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-26-victim209 t17570114-26-viclabel146"/> to William Belasy in Berkley-Square. On the 6th of March 1754, the prisoner at the bar came to Mr. confield's, an apethocary, in King-Street, St. Ann where I liv'd then a servant. There was another woman along with her. They came in the morning about nine o'clock. She wanted to buy a pennyworth of pomatum. I took down the gallypot and serv'd her. Then she told me there was a person, that died formerly in our house, that had left a great deal of money, and if I would be true to her, she would tell me where it was. She wanted me to mark her hand with the price of silver that I had got, which was a price, which I did; then a sixpence and a pennyworth of halfpence, which I did also. After I had given her that, she went from me to the George in Princess-Street, St. Ann's, and desired me to come to her; which I promised. After I had done my work in the house I went, at the time we appointed, to her to tell me, as she pretended, where the money was.</p>
<p>Q. Was the other woman there when you went ?</p>
<p>Sipling. She was. I call'd for a pint of hot. Then the prisoner told me I was to go and buy a halfpennyworth of peppercorns. I went and bought a halfpennyworth, and carried them to her. After that she ordered me to go and buy a halfpennyworth of beeswax. I went and bought that, and brought it to her. Then they said I must go into my master's cellar, and from under a cask of beer I was to take up a little bit of dirt and carry to them.</p>
<p>Q. How old was you then?</p>
<p>Sipling. I was between eighteen and nineteen years of age.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go and fetch some dirt?</p>
<p>Sipling. I did. I was ordered to bring it in a handkerchief, which I did. Then they asked me how much money I had got, but I would not tell them. Then the prisoner said I must tell them to a farthing, or they could do me no service. Then I told her I had a guinea.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say to that?</p>
<p>Sipling. She told me that would not do. Then I told her I had two guineas. Then she told me I must tell her to a farthing. Then I told her I had seven guineas in gold. I had some silver, which was twenty-six shillings; but she did not know that I had any silver in my pocket. She asked me where my money was. I said at home in my box. Then I was to go and bring it; which was five guineas and four half guineas.</p>
<p>Q. How long had you been in London then?</p>
<p>Sipling. I had been in town just about four months. I was to bring that gold, the halfpennyworth of peppercorns, and the beeswax, all together in a handkerchief, tied up, to her.</p>
<p>Q. And did you do so?</p>
<p>Sipling. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you deliver it to her?</p>
<p>Sipling. No.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with it?</p>
<p>Sipling. I kept it in my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did you not shew it her?</p>
<p>Sipling. She never saw it to my knowledge.</p>
<p>Q. Did you secure your pocket well ?</p>
<p>Sipling. I tied them all up together in the handkerchief, put them into my pocket, and button'd my pocket up.</p>
<p>Q. What pocket?</p>
<p>Sipling. My breeches pocket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140020"/>Q. Are you sure you did not deliver it to her to look at?</p>
<p>Sipling. I never delivered it at all to her.</p>
<p>Q. Did not she ask you to deliver it to her?</p>
<p>Sipling. No, she did not.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say to you after you returned with it?</p>
<p>Sipling. She only asked me if I had got such a quantity with me. I told her I had.</p>
<p>Q. What was next to be done?</p>
<p>Sipling. Then I was to go from them, at the George, to my master's cellar, where I took the dirt from, and I should find fourscore pounds in gold, fourscore pounds in silver, 4 silver spoons, two gold rings, and a silver cup.</p>
<p>Q. How long did they keep you at the George?</p>
<p>Sipling. They kept me from nine in the morning till about one. It was about half an hour past twelve when we parted. I was not to put my hand in my pocket, or tell any body of it, till the clock struck one.</p>
<p>Q. What was to be done when the clock struck one?</p>
<p>Sipling. Then I was to come back, to the George, to them. I went to master's, and when the clock struck one I went to the George again.</p>
<p>Q. And what then?</p>
<p>Sipling. And then they were gone.</p>
<p>Q. Did you search, where they directed you, for all these riches?</p>
<p>Sipling. I did. It took me up half an hour in searching the cellar, upstairs and down; but I could not find a farthing.</p>
<p>Q. In what part of the publick-house were you?</p>
<p>Sipling. We were in a box, in the drinking-room.</p>
<p>Q. How did you all sit?</p>
<p>Sipling. One of them sat at one end, the other at the other, and I in the middle.</p>
<p>Q. Did you all three sit upon one bench?</p>
<p>Sipling. We did.</p>
<p>Q. Was you all that time in their company you mention ?</p>
<p>Sipling. I was but very little in their company, hardly above ten minutes together. I was obliged to be backwards and forwards.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe that either of them touch'd your pocket ?</p>
<p>Sipling. No, I can't say I did; but they kept entertaining me with how much money I should get.</p>
<p>Q. Did you drink much with them?</p>
<p>Sipling. I only drank one draught.</p>
<p>Q. Which sat on that side your money was on?</p>
<p>Sipling. The prisoner at the bar did, which was my left hand side. It was in my breeches pocket.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do when you found they were gone away?</p>
<p>Sipling. Then I searched my pockets.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find your money safe ?</p>
<p>Sipling. I found seven king George's new half-pence, instead of my seven guineas, and all my money was gone.</p>
<p>Q. When did you see the prisoner after this?</p>
<p>Sipling. I never saw her till above a year afterwards; then I lived at my lady How's, which was the next place I went to.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Sipling. It was last year.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the year?</p>
<p>N.B. The second Part of these Proceedings will be published in a few Days.</p>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140021"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON, And also the Gaol Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX, HELD AT JUSTICE-HALL in the OLD-BAILEY, On Friday the 14th, Saturday the 15th, and Monday the 17th of JANUARY,</p>
<p>In the Thirtieth Year of His MAJESTY'S Reign. NUMBER II. PART II. for the YEAR 1757. Being the Second SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of The Right Honble MARSHE DICKINSON, Esq; LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by J.ROBINSON, at the Golden-Lion, in Ludgate-Street, 1757.</p>
<p>[Price Four-pence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140022"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Gaol Delivery held for the City of LONDON, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>Sipling. I Can't exactly tell the time. I went to the door, and the prisoner told me she was recommended by somebody (she did not tell me who) to Miss How, to sell her some stockings. She said she heard Miss wanted some, and she had some, very good, of all sorts. I told her she did not want any such things. Upon seeing her I recollected her to be the very woman that had got my money; but she was gone from the door, and I had shut it. I ran out after her, but could not see her. The next time I saw her was on the 16th of December last. She knock'd at my master's door, with a very great knock. I looked out at the area. She ask'd if my mistress would buy any stockings. I said no. I directly ran upstairs, knowing her. When I came out she was gone, I knew not where. I saw a little chimney-sweeper, and asked him if he saw such a woman running. He directed me down into the Mews. I ran after her as hard as I could, and I saw her. She ran also as hard as she could. As soon as she turned the corner she ran in at the Coach and Horses alehouse, in Hill-Street, and when I got to the corner I could not see her. I enquired of a coachman, and he told me she was gone into that house. I went in, and found her. I told her she was the person that had got my money from me, and I would take her up. She scream'd, and wanted to get away. She got out at the door, but I took hold of her and took her into the house again by man strength, and sent for my fellow servant, who came.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say to that charge?</p>
<p>Sipling. She said, how could I be such a lying man to accuse her with such a thing wrongfully. I told her she was the person, that I was very sure of it, and I would never part from her. She desired me and my fellow servant to go backwards, and wanted to treat me with a pot of brandy hot. She desired me to be favourable to her, and wanted me to make it up.</p>
<p>Q. Did she offer you any money?</p>
<p>Sipling. No, she did not; but asked me what I would be willing to do I charged a person to sit there with her, while I went and got a warrant, which he did. Then I charged a constable with her, and I took her to the justice. There I was sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What did she say for herself there?</p>
<p>Sipling. She said, it was a very hard thing to accuse a person wrongfully, and said, she was not the person. The justice ask'd her if she was a married woman. She said, she was. He asked her where her husband was. She said at sea. He asked her on board what ship, and she said she had forgot the ship's name.</p>
<p>Q. Did she own any thing of this robbery there?</p>
<p>Sipling. No, she did not. His worship sent her to Tothill-fields bridewell, and since she has been there she sent two men to me.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Sipling. They said they came from her, and that she sent them. They wanted to make it up with me.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her there?</p>
<p>Sipling. Yes, I did. I went to her there, and told her I was determined to advertise her. She beg'd I would not, and desired me to make it up. I told her if there was any possibility I would agree to it. She said, she could not raise all the money, but maybe she might raise five guineas. I said, I was a great stranger to the affair, and did not know how to go about it. My fellow servant, the butler, undertook to manage for me. He told her he would not take less than the money, he would have all or none. He is since dead.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140023"/>Q. What was her reason for your not advertising her?</p>
<p>Sipling. She said, she had got-friends in the country, and if I did not advertise her maybe she might raise the money; so on that account I did not advertise her. After this these two men came to me with every farthing of my money, but my fellow servant durst not take it without the justice would withdraw the recognizance, which he would not do; so I did not take the money.</p>
<p>Q. Did these two men say that they came by her order ?</p>
<p>Sipling. They did.</p>
<p>Cross examination.</p>
<p>Council. You say it was on the 6th of March, 1754, that you first saw her?</p>
<p>Sipling. Yes, it was.</p>
<p>Council. And another woman was with her.</p>
<p>Sipling. Yes, there was.</p>
<p>Q. Was that other woman with her all the time at the George?</p>
<p>Sipling. Yes, she was.</p>
<p>Q. How long time might it take up to get peppercorns and other things?</p>
<p>Sipling. I was with them from nine till past twelve. It was a little past twelve when I went to fetch the dirt.</p>
<p>Q. When you had got them all together, did you put your money among the peppercorns and beeswax?</p>
<p>Sipling. I did; tied up in a clean cloth, and then put into the corner of my silk handkerchief. I kept the gold in that cloth in my box.</p>
<p>Q. How did you fasten your pocket after you had put it in?</p>
<p>Sipling. I button'd the flap of my breeches pocket.</p>
<p>Q. How long was you in company with them after that?</p>
<p>Sipling. I think it was not quite half an hour.</p>
<p>Q. Are you certain the prisoner is one of the women?</p>
<p>Sipling. I am very certain.</p>
<p>Q. Was your handkerchief, peppercorns, and beeswax in your pocket after they were gone?</p>
<p>Sipling. They were.</p>
<p>Q. Were the halfpence, you found, in the white cloth where the gold had been put?</p>
<p>Sipling. They were.</p>
<p>Q. And was that cloth in the inside the handkerchief?</p>
<p>Sipling. It was.</p>
<p>Q. Was it in the same manner as you had put it?</p>
<p>Sipling. It was.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think it was possible for any body to take that handkerchief out of your pocket, the gold out of it, put the halfpence in, then put the handkerchief in your pocket, and you know nothing of the matter?</p>
<p>Sipling. That was done, I am very sure.</p>
<p>Q. How can you be sure?</p>
<p>Sipling. Because I was in nobody's company but theirs.</p>
<p>Q. Was you sober?</p>
<p>Sipling. I had not been drinking at all, and was perfectly sober. All I can tell of it is, I put my money in my pocket, and after that it was gone. One of them must take it.</p>
<p>Q. What did you charge her with before the justice?</p>
<p>Sipling. I charged her with the whole sum of money.</p>
<p>Q. Did not you charge her with cheating and defrauding you, by false pretences, of the sum of 8 l. 18 s. 6 d.</p>
<p>Sipling. I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did you charge her with a capital offence?</p>
<p>Sipling. No, I did not then.</p>
<p>Q. Was not she committed for a fraud?</p>
<p>Sipling. She was.</p>
<p>Q. Did not she say she was with child?</p>
<p>Sipling. She did.</p>
<p>Q. Did not she express a great uneasiness, for fear of lying in, in gaol?</p>
<p>Sipling. She did; but the justice said he would not discharge her, for she was a very bad woman, and belong'd to a very bid gang.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>My prosecutor said I was along with a woman who was transported about a year ago, and she was tried here for taking this money from him.</p>
<p>Q. to prosecutor. Did you ever give evidence on this fact before?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, never.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He said he was here and saw the woman here, and that she was done for already.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. The other woman that was with her, was committed to Newgate by somebody in the city. I hearing of such a person went to see her, and knew it to be her. She was tried here for such an offence, and after that transported for life. [See No. 235 and 268, in Mr. Jan mayoralty.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140024"/>Council. Did you declare that you would have prosecuted that woman, if she had not been convicted ?</p>
<p>Prosecutor. No, I did not; when I was to see her in Newgate, there was a young man with her, that had lost nine guineas and a gold watch by her, but he did not prosecute.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He said he went to see that woman with another man, and he would have taken her life away, and he said I was in company with her, but I never was in company with a woman in my life concerned in that way.</p>
<p>Q. You say you sat between these two women, did you observe that other woman; did she reach over you either before or behind you?</p>
<p>Prisoner. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you observe either of them busy with their hands?</p>
<p>Prisoner. No, I can't say I saw either of them move their hands.</p>
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<interp inst="t17570114-26-verdict147" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of stealing, but not privately from his person </rs>.</p>
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<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<p>83, 84. (M).
<persName id="t17570114-27-defend211" type="defendantName"> Edward Allen
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<interp inst="t17570114-27-defend211" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-27-defend213" type="defendantName"> Edward Eagle
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<interp inst="t17570114-27-defend213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-27-off149" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-27-off149" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-off149" type="offenceSubcategory" value="animalTheft"/> stealing one cock, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17570114-27-victim215" type="victimName"> Alice Beaumont
<interp inst="t17570114-27-victim215" type="surname" value="Beaumont"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-victim215" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-victim215" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-27-off149 t17570114-27-victim215"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-27-viclabel150" type="occupation">widow</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-27-victim215 t17570114-27-viclabel150"/>,
<rs id="t17570114-27-cd151" type="crimeDate">December 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-27-off149 t17570114-27-cd151"/> +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person216"> William Stone
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person216" type="surname" value="Stone"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person216" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person216" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Mrs. Beaumont's at
<placeName id="t17570114-27-crimeloc152">Putney</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-crimeloc152" type="placeName" value="Putney"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-crimeloc152" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-27-off149 t17570114-27-crimeloc152"/>; on the 9th of December I lock'd up the fowls as usual in their roost, next to the kitchen in the dwelling house, and went to bed; about three in the morning I was awaked by a noise. I thought people were getting into the house I went into the next room to listen at the sash window I thought the more I listen'd, the more I heard them. Then I went down stairs and got my gun, which was charged the day before. I open'd the window and made a great noise, but could see no-body. I went down stairs and out at the door. Then I saw another door open which was not lock'd, belonging to a little house where I put my tools; when I suspected somebody had been in the yard. Then I went and found the door of the hen roost broke open, and the staple drawn; the hens and five ducks that where in it the over night were gone. I could trace two mens feet, the one a long, the other a lesser one, in several places.</p>
<p>Q. Was there a cock among the fowls?</p>
<p>Stone. There was a game cock lock'd up amongst them, which also was missing. I enquired about at the cockers, and desired if such was brought to a match to let me know; this cock had been in my custody about three years. About a week after this,
<persName id="t17570114-27-person217"> William Phillips
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person217" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person217" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came to me, and said, he believed he could tell me something about the cock; we appointed to meet on the Saturday following in Covent garden market, and I was to bring Mr. Castlet with me, who gave my mistress the cock, and knew his private marks, which I did not; we met there, and then went to Newport market to the house of Mr. Randall, who shewed us the very cock. We asked him who he had him of; he said, of
<persName id="t17570114-27-person218"> Edw Allen
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person218" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person218" type="given" value="Edw"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person218" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-27-person219"> Edw Eagle
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person219" type="surname" value="Eagle"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person219" type="given" value="Edw"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went and got a warrant and took the prisoners up, and carried them before justice Manley, where, they said, they bought him of a man whom they did not know. The justice committed them.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person220"> John Randall
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person220" type="surname" value="Randall"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person220" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I told the last evidence the day when I bought the cock, but I cannot write nor read, nor cannot recollect the day now, but it was within this month or five weeks.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you buy him of?</p>
<p>Randall. I bought him of the prisoner Eagle. The other prisoner was with him.</p>
<p>Q. What did you give for it?</p>
<p>Randall. I gave three shillings and a quartern of gin.</p>
<p>Q. What did they tell you, when they brought the cock?</p>
<p>Randall. They told me it was one of Mr. Swain's sort, who is coachman to the bishop that lives at Chelsea. (A live cock produced in court.) This is the same cock I believe, but one cock may be like another.</p>
<p>Stone. This is the same cock that was taken from our hen roost, my mistress's property.</p>
<p>Q. Is this the same cock you had of Mr. Randall?</p>
<p>Stone. It is.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person221"> James Castlet
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person221" type="surname" value="Castlet"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person221" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . This is the same cock that I gave to Mrs. Beaumont, I mark'd him and bred him up.</p>
<p>Sunderlands Wellbank. I saw the prisoners about Putney, within about a quarter of a mile of Mrs. Beaumont's house, on a Wednesday, the day before the cock was lost, which was on Thursday night, or Friday morning; they told me they were going to Wimbleton, to fetch a cock, from a walk there.</p>
<p>Allen's Defence.</p>
<p>I met this man (meaning his fellow prisoner) and asked him what he had got in his bag; he said, a cock and a hen. I asked him where he was going;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140025"/> he said to Mr. Randall's house, to see if he would buy the cock. I went along with him. When the people sent for me, I went without a constable to several places where they pleased.</p>
<p>Eagle's Defence.</p>
<p>I have a witness here that saw me buy the cock and pay for him. I heard there was a warrant against me for such and such things. I came to them, knowing myself not guilty. I bought the cock and a hen of men that had them in their trowsers, they came into a house where I was, and asked for a lodging, and said they came from Portsmouth.</p>
<p>For the Prisoners.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person222"> George Allen
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person222" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person222" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person222" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Friday night came five sailors. I sell fruit at the door where they asked for lodgings. I directed them into the house, they were entertained there. They asked if they could dress a fowl or two, and pulled them out of their trowsers. I was call'd backward and forwards, they offer'd to sell there fowls to the man of the house.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this?</p>
<p>Allen. This was at the Cock in Thieving-Lane, called Bow-street.</p>
<p>Q. Who did they ask to dress them?</p>
<p>Allen. The maid of the house.</p>
<p>Q. Were the fowls dead or alive?</p>
<p>Allen. They were alive. The maid said, she could not dress them, because the house was very much in trouble, her mistress was dying. After the prisoner found the man of the house would not buy them, he bought two fowls of them.</p>
<p>Q. Which prisoner?</p>
<p>Allen. It was Eagle.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know the prisoner before?</p>
<p>Allen. I did, by his coming backwards and forwards to the house.</p>
<p>Q. Were the fowls dressed afterwards?</p>
<p>Allen. No.</p>
<p>Q. What became of them?</p>
<p>Allen. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. What colour were they?</p>
<p>Allen. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see them?</p>
<p>Allen. I Did.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know them, if you see them?</p>
<p>Allen. No. I saw this gentleman (pointing to Mr. Stone) there, he saw the skin of the cock that was dressed at the sign of the Cock, he knew it by the skin of it to be his pile cock. I smiled to think a man should know the cock by the skin of it; it was dressed with bacon.</p>
<p>Q. To Mr. Stone. Did you see a skin, and say it was the skin of the cock you lost?</p>
<p>Stone. I know nothing of any cock that was dressed there. I went there, and there was a piece of bacon and some fowl, but no-body said any such thing; and I insist upon it, it was not so.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure this is the very cock that you lost, that is here?</p>
<p>Stone. I am positive of it, this is the very cock.</p>
<p>Q. To Randall. Was the cock that you bought of the prisoner, alive or dead?</p>
<p>Randall. It was alive.</p>
<p>Q. To Stone. Did you see this witness Allen in that house?</p>
<p>Stone. Upon my word I don't remember I ever saw him in my days before?</p>
<p>Q. Who was there with you?</p>
<p>Stone. Mr. Castlet and three others were there.</p>
<p>Q. To Castlet. Did you see this witness there?</p>
<p>Castlet. I don't remember I ever saw him there, there were no such words mention'd there, as he speaks of.</p>
<p>Q. To Stone. Do, or do you not believe this man was there?</p>
<p>Stone. I believe he was not there, if he had been there I believe I should have seen him.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person223"> Richard Tompson
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person223" type="surname" value="Tompson"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person223" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner Eagle had been my bed fellow for upwards of a month before this thing happen'd, and I don't know that he lay out, except on guard days, in that time.</p>
<p>(Note, This evidence and Allen were soldiers.)</p>
<p>Q. To Wellbank. What time of the day did you meet the two prisoners?</p>
<p>Wellbank. It might be about two or three o'clock in the afternoon.</p>
<p>Q. To Tompson. Where do you lodge?</p>
<p>Tompson. I lodge in the barracks at Somerset house.</p>
<p>Q. From Eagle to Wellbank. Did you not say if we would stay till five o'clock, you would give us a cock or two of your master's?</p>
<p>Wellbank. No, I never said such a word, he was a fellow servant of mine at a brewhouse, and ask'd me for a pint of two-penny. I said he was quite drunk. When they said they were going for a cock, I said where is your bag. Eagle pull'd out a bag and shew'd it me; everybody that knows him, knows he is always used to do these things.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140026"/>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person224"> Ann Costin
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person224" type="surname" value="Costin"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person224" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person224" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . There were five sailors came into our house with a cock and a hen, they would have had me dress them for supper; my mistress was dying I said, and I could not dress them; then they offered to sell them. That man bought them.</p>
<p>Q. What did he give for them?</p>
<p>A. Costin. He gave two shillings, and a full pot of beer.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I live in Thieving Lane, at the sign of the cock.</p>
<p>Cross Examination.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of poultry were they?</p>
<p>A. Costin. There was a brownish hen and a pied cock, as for the colour I can't tell very readily.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a game cock?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. Can you swear to the cock, was you to see him?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I can't say I can.</p>
<p>Q. What became of the cock?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I really can't tell. I believe one of them was drest, I really can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. Was either of them killed?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I know the hen was kill'd.</p>
<p>Q. Did the soldier eat it?</p>
<p>A. Costin. No, he did not.</p>
<p>Q. Was it drest at your house?</p>
<p>A. Costin. No, it was not.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it was killed?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I heard them say so the next morning before they went away.</p>
<p>Q. Who said so?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I heard the people say so.</p>
<p>Q. What people?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I can't say any thing of the hen, but as for the cock, I saw it after.</p>
<p>Q. Where?</p>
<p>A. Costin. In this gentleman's hands (meaning Mr. Stone) he said it was his.</p>
<p>Q. When did the prisoner buy them of the sailors?</p>
<p>A. Costin. On the 10th of Dec. being a Friday.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you see the cock afterwards?</p>
<p>A. Costin. At justice Manley's</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you was there?</p>
<p>A. Costin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was you there at the time the men were examined?</p>
<p>A. Costin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the cock produced there?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I can't say whether it was that cock or not.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any cock there?</p>
<p>A. Costin. He said the cock was his.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a live cock or a dead one?</p>
<p>A. Costin. A dead one, upon the table.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a live cock that you saw at justice Manley's?</p>
<p>A. Costin. A live one.</p>
<p>Council. Then that was not the same cock you saw at your master's house?</p>
<p>A. Costin. I don't know.</p>
<p>Q. to Stone. Did you see this woman at justice Manley's house?</p>
<p>Stone. I don't believe she was there.</p>
<p>Q. to Castlet. Did you see this woman at justice Manley's?</p>
<p>Castlet. I dare say she was not there.</p>
<p>Q. Where does justice Manley live?</p>
<p>A. Costin. In Queen-street.</p>
<p>Q. What Queen-street ?</p>
<p>A. Costin. In Westminster.</p>
<p>Q. What room was the justice in, up stairs or below?</p>
<p>A. Costin. On a ground floor.</p>
<p>Q. In a back or fore room?</p>
<p>A. Costin. In a fore room.</p>
<p>Eagle. The landlord of the house was here last night, but he is in a little trouble, he was arrested last night.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-27-person225"> Stephen Christopher
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person225" type="surname" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person225" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person225" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Eagle about seven years. I know he did not lay out of the barracks, except he was on duty, for I call'd him over every night for above a month.</p>
<p>Q. to Stone. Did you enquire at the barracks after Eagle?</p>
<p>Stone. I did on the 19th being a Sunday. I saw a great many soldiers, serjeants and corporals. I took care to ask serjeants and corporals after him. They said he had not been there for a fortnight, and that he had thrown up his pay, and left the barracks.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body with you?</p>
<p>Stone. Mr. Castlet was.</p>
<p>Q. to Castlet. Was you with Mr. Stone on Sunday the 19th of December?</p>
<p>Castlet. I was, we enquired after Eagle, we asked every body that we thought would inform us, such as serjeants and corporals. They said he owes a trifle of money here, and has not been here for a fortnight. We were informed he went with drays about, and in general he threw up his pay.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-27-verdict153" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-27-verdict153" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140027"/>The court committed
<persName id="t17570114-27-person226"> George Allen
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person226" type="surname" value="Allen"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person226" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-27-person227"> Ann Costin
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person227" type="surname" value="Costin"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person227" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-27-person227" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to Newgate, to be tried for perjury committed on the said trial.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-27-punish154" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-27-punish154" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-27-defend211 t17570114-27-punish154"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-27-defend213 t17570114-27-punish154"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-28-off156-c179" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-28-defend229 t17570114-28-off156 t17570114-28-verdict159"/>
<p>85. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-28-defend229" type="defendantName"> Lydia Willis
<interp inst="t17570114-28-defend229" type="surname" value="Willis"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-defend229" type="given" value="Lydia"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-defend229" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-28-deflabel155" type="occupation">spinster</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-28-defend229 t17570114-28-deflabel155"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-28-off156" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-28-off156" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-off156" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing one silver watch, value 3 l. the property of
<persName id="t17570114-28-victim230" type="victimName"> Henry Eliot
<interp inst="t17570114-28-victim230" type="surname" value="Eliot"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-victim230" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-victim230" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-28-off156 t17570114-28-victim230"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-28-cd157" type="crimeDate">December 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-28-off156 t17570114-28-cd157"/> +</p>
<persName id="t17570114-28-person231"> Henry Eliot
<interp inst="t17570114-28-person231" type="surname" value="Eliot"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-person231" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was coming up
<placeName id="t17570114-28-crimeloc158">Houndsditch</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-crimeloc158" type="placeName" value="Houndsditch"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-crimeloc158" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-28-off156 t17570114-28-crimeloc158"/>, and met this woman at the bar. She and I went up a passage together. She wanted to get me into a house. She knock'd, but they would not let her in. Then we went up into the yard, and while - she pick'd my pocket of my watch. This was about half an hour after twelve o'clock at night, on the 4th of December. It was very light, so that I could see her face plainly. I came out of the alley, and she close after me. In about ten minutes after I missed my watch, so went back, to see if I could find her; but could not. This was on the Saturday night. On the Monday following I found her, and charged a constable with her. The next morning I took her before Sir
<persName id="t17570114-28-person232"> Samuel Gower
<interp inst="t17570114-28-person232" type="surname" value="Gower"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-person232" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and he committed her to Clerkenwell bridewell. I went to her in prison. She said, she knew where the watch was, and if I would come the day following she would help me to it, with proviso I would not appear against her. I went accordingly. Then she would not say anything to me about it.</p>
<p>Q. Have you got your watch again?</p>
<p>Eliot. No, I have not.</p>
<p>The prisoner had nothing to say in her defence.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-28-verdict159" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-28-verdict159" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-28-verdict159" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of felony only </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-28-punish160" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-28-punish160" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-28-defend229 t17570114-28-punish160"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17570114-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29" type="year" value="1757"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-29-off162-c183" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-defend233 t17570114-29-off162 t17570114-29-verdict166"/>
<p>86. (M.)
<persName id="t17570114-29-defend233" type="defendantName"> Catharine
<rs id="t17570114-29-deflabel161" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-defend233 t17570114-29-deflabel161"/> of Malaga Linden
<interp inst="t17570114-29-defend233" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-defend233" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-29-off162" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-29-off162" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-off162" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing one bill of exchange, for the payment of 20 l. being unsatisfied for, signed
<persName id="t17570114-29-person234"> John Butts
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person234" type="surname" value="Butts"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person234" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for the governor and company of the Bank of England, the property of
<persName id="t17570114-29-victim236" type="victimName"> George Steward Bourne
<interp inst="t17570114-29-victim236" type="surname" value="Bourne"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-victim236" type="given" value="George Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-victim236" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-off162 t17570114-29-victim236"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17570114-29-viclabel163" type="occupation">Esq</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-victim236 t17570114-29-viclabel163"/>; in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17570114-29-person237"> Grace Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person237" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person237" type="given" value="Grace"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person237" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-29-cd164" type="crimeDate">Dec. 7</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-off162 t17570114-29-cd164"/>. </p>
<p>Joseph Groom produces the bank note.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person238"> John Butts
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person238" type="surname" value="Butts"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person238" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am one of the cashiers at the Bank.</p>
<p>(He takes it in his hand and looks at the name on it.)</p>
<p>This is my hand writing.</p>
<p>Q. Is this satisfied for ?</p>
<p>Butts. It is not.</p>
<p>Goulsten Brewyer. On Tuesday the 7th of December I put this bill into the Post-Office, at the house of Mrs. Jeffreys, at
<placeName id="t17570114-29-crimeloc165">Bloomsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-crimeloc165" type="placeName" value="Bloomsbury"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-crimeloc165" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-off162 t17570114-29-crimeloc165"/>, at about nine o'clock at night.</p>
<p>Q. Whose property was it?</p>
<p>Brewyer. It was the property of and directed to
<persName id="t17570114-29-person239"> George Steward Bourne
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person239" type="surname" value="Steward Bourne"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person239" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person239" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; Odiam in Tiants, December the 7th, 1756. There is a window and a slip, to put it into a little box from out of the street. I was not in the house. It is a very narrow box, and I was afraid my letter was gone down on the ground. I asked Mrs. Jeffreys if my letter was safe, after I had drop'd it into the slip. She said, your letter is safe, and gone into the box; but I don't remember seeing the prisoner in the house. There was an elderly woman I think along with Mrs. Jeffreys. After this Mr. Bourne wrote me this letter (producing one) There is no date to it, only Odiam, Wednesday night.</p>
<p>Q. When did you receive it?</p>
<p>Brewyer. I received it on Friday the 10th of December. He acquaints me by it, that he had not received the little bank bill; but he had received 5043, which I had put into another letter myself, dated December 7, 1756, in Lombard-Street. He directed me to send them in two different letters. On Friday about three in the afternoon I went and acquainted Mrs. Jeffreys my letter was not received. The prisoner at the bar was then in the room, by the fire side I told Mrs. Jeffreys if the letter had miscarried it was owing to that office, and I'd acquaint the Post-Office with it, by reason there was something of consequence in it. Mrs. Jeffreys declared to me she put the letter into the bag her own self and sealed the bag, and shew'd me the seal that it is customary to seal with. I received several letters from the gentleman, that he never received that letter. Then I thought proper to advertise it, and before I put it in the papers I carried the advertisement to Mrs. Jeffreys and read it. There were present with her, a little woman, and the prisoner at the bar. I told Mrs. Jeffreys if I did advertise it, it might be the cause of the office being taken from her, and beg'd of her to enquire about the letter. She answered, that she'd take her oath the letter was sent.</p>
<p>Q. When you enquired of her, with regard to this letter going, was she positive as to this particular letter, or did she mean all the letters of that night?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140028"/>Brewyer. She meant, they all went. I remember, just after I had put my letter in there was a great dog at the door, which flew at me. I call'd out, and said, people that keep such an office should keep no dogs. Somebody came out, and took the dog off, and when I mention'd this, upon my second time of going, she remembered there was such a letter brought, and put into the post.</p>
<p>Q. Whether, when you refresh'd her memory with that affair of the dog, she said that particular letter was put into the bag ?</p>
<p>Brewyer. She said the letter was put into the bag.</p>
<p>Q. Had you, before that time, told her the direction on that letter ?</p>
<p>Brewyer. No.</p>
<p>Q. Had she any method of knowing that your letter was put into the bag?</p>
<p>Brewyer. I can't say as to that particular.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person240"> George Steward Bournt
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person240" type="surname" value="Bournt"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person240" type="given" value="George Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . (He is shew'd the bill.) This never came to my hand.</p>
<p>Q. from prisoner to Mr. Brewyer. Did not you know there had been a pane of glass broke, for some time, in the window?</p>
<p>Brewyer. When I went on the Friday to examine about the letter, I found there was a pane of glass broke out, and a bit of pasteboard set against the place.</p>
<p>Q. Was it broke, in the same manner, when you put it in ?</p>
<p>Brewyer. I can't remember that, it was a dark night.</p>
<p>Q. Was there room enough for a person to put his hand in, and take a letter out of the box?</p>
<p>Brewyer. No.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person241"> Grace Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person241" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person241" type="given" value="Grace"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person241" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I live in Hide-Street, Bloomsbury. I am employed to take in letters.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been employed in that way?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. About thirteen or fourteen years; but not all the time in the house where I now live.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you lived in this house?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. A year and a quarter this Christmas.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the prisoner at the bar?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. I do. She lodged with me about three months, or better, till December last.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember Mr. Brewyer's coming with a letter on or about the 7th of December?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. On the 7th of December he brought a letter, a little before nine o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the month was it?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. It was on a Tuesday. There was a place to drop the letter into the box, and a letter drops in very well.</p>
<p>Q. Whether or not, when a person has put in a letter, if he, or any body else from the outside, could put their hand in, and take it out again?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. No, they cannot; because the hole is not big enough.</p>
<p>Q. Could they, if they put their hand in at the hole that is broke in the window?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. They could not indeed.</p>
<p>Q. Why not?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. Because I fasten'd the hole up with a pasteboard and a board.</p>
<p>Q. Is the box, that the letters fall in, open or lock'd?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. It is not lock'd, but it is shut down very close.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Brewyer say any thing to you?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. He said, pray take care of it. Is it in the box? I said, yes it is in the box, and safe. It was drop'd in amongst a great many letters, so that I could not tell that letter particularly.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever distinguish that letter from the rest by any writing on it?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. Is the box in the nature of a drawer?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. No. It is a box, a lid to it, and a hole to let the letters fall in.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a room is it in?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. It is in a parlour where I lodge.</p>
<p>Q. Who was by at the time this letter was brought by Mr. Brewyer ?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. The prisoner and an elderly woman were. That woman was by the fire-side, and I was stamping the letters.</p>
<p>Q. What is the other woman's name?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. Her name is
<persName id="t17570114-29-person242"> Mary Bowles
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person242" type="surname" value="Bowles"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person242" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person242" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Where-abouts in the room was the prisoner?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. She was along with me at the window. Mr. Brewyer came about nine or ten minutes before nine o'clock, and the man comes for the letters exactly at nine. The prisoner help'd me, and held the bag.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you stamp the letters?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. I have a great broad place in the window, where I lay them down to stamp them.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mrs. Bowles help you at all in the stamping ?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. No.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140029"/>Q. Whether or not, all the time you and the prisoner were stamping the letters, Mrs. Bowles came from the fire side towards you?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. No, she never stir'd.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember Mr. Brewyer's coming afterwards to your house?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. He came again on the Friday, and said the letter never went. He asked me what was became of it. I said, Sir, to be sure it went, for I marked them all and put them into the bag.</p>
<p>Q. Was you by the letters all the while you and the prisoner were stamping them?</p>
<p>G. Jessreys. I was not gone to the fire side two minutes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you leave the prisoner with the letters while you went to the fire?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. Yes, I did.</p>
<p>Q. Whether or not, when you went from the dresser to the fire-side, the letters were then out of the box?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. They were most of them out.</p>
<p>Q. Upon your oath, when you gave that answer, that certainly the letter went, whether you meant that letter in particular?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. I meant all the letters in general; for I took no particular notice of that.</p>
<p>Q. Had he told you what was the direction?</p>
<p>G. Jeffreys. No, he had not.</p>
<p>The note read to this purport:</p>
<p>Bank post bill, No. 4054, London, Dec. 7. 1756,</p>
<p>'' I promise to pay, at seven days after sight, '' to
<persName id="t17570114-29-person243"> George Steward Bourne
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person243" type="surname" value="Bourne"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person243" type="given" value="George Steward"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; or order, 20 l. '' sterling for value received,
<persName id="t17570114-29-person244"> John Butts
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person244" type="surname" value="Butts"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person244" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for the '' governours and company of the Bank of England. '' Indorsed December 7, 1756, by post to Odiam, Hants.''</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person245"> William Blacket
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person245" type="surname" value="Blacket"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person245" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went to Mr. Wetherspoon's to be shaved, on a Sunday, about twelve o'clock, about a month ago; the prisoner was there, and she pull'd out a note.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know it again?</p>
<p>Blacket. I was at such a distance I did not see it to know it again. I remember it had a large black mark upon it.</p>
<p>Q. How did she say she ca me by it?</p>
<p>Blacket. She said she found it several times.</p>
<p>Q. What was the sum mention'd in it?</p>
<p>Blacket. It was for 20 l.</p>
<p>Q. Had you it in your hand?</p>
<p>Blacket. No, I had not.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say what sort of a note it was?</p>
<p>Blacket. I think she said a bank post bill. I went to Mr. Morgan's, a man possessed of a good deal of money, and told him a gentlewoman had found a bank post bill, and she wanted to discount it.</p>
<p>Q. Where does he live?</p>
<p>Blacket. He lives at the Golden-Hart in Parker's-Lane.</p>
<p>Q. Was she with you?</p>
<p>Blacket. She was.</p>
<p>Q. Did she hear what you said to Mr. Morgan?</p>
<p>Blacket. She did. They went backwards together, and he offered to lend her five guineas upon it, with a memorandum under her hand; but would not without. After that I was coming along Tyburn-Road and I met him.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Blacket. I don't know the day, but it was the time the men were hanged last. He told me that note was advertised. Then I went to a house, in order to read the paper; but I had forgot my spectacles, so I could not. Then I went to the prisoner, and said I understand the note is advertised, for a guinea reward; by all means return it. She said, she found it, and she could have it discounted in the Temple.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find her?</p>
<p>Blacket. I found her at Mr. Wetherspoon's. I said, it may turn out of a dangerous consequence. She said she had hid it in a secret place, and if she died, it should die with her.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person246"> James Wetherspoon
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person246" type="surname" value="Wetherspoon"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person246" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The prisoner came to our house about three weeks before Christmas, I do not know the day of the month.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the week was it?</p>
<p>Wetherspoon. It was on a Sunday. She came to enquire after a man that work'd along with me, that brought her first to our house.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any conversation that passed?</p>
<p>Wetherspoon. She said, she had found a bank note, or bill, and she should be glad to get it exchanged.</p>
<p>Q. Who was by at the time?</p>
<p>Wetherspoon. There were my wife, Mr. Blacket, and Mr. Yates. Mr. Blacket told her he knew a man in the city that could do it for her, if she would allow him a little in the pound.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the note?</p>
<p>Wetherspoon. She shew'd it to us all.</p>
<p>Q. For what sum was it?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140030"/>Wetherspoon. I did not take notice of it, to know for what sum. I went to Mr. Morgan's with Blacket and her. There the prisoner and Mr. Morgan went into a private room together, and Mr. Blacket and I drank a tankard of beer in the tap-room. There she said she found it.</p>
<p>Q. Did she say where?</p>
<p>Wetherspoon. No.</p>
<p>Q. to Blacket. Did you tell the prisoner for how much in the pound you would help her to a man to pay the money?</p>
<p>Blacket. No, I did not.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person247"> Dorothy Wetherspoon
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person247" type="surname" value="Wetherspoon"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person247" type="given" value="Dorothy"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person247" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am wife to the last witness. My husband is a barber. I remember the prisoner coming to our house, on a Sunday morning, to enquire after a young man that had work'd with my husband. She told us she had a bank note, and should be glad to have it discounted. She pull'd it out of her pocket, and call'd it a 20 l. bank bill, or note, I will not be positive which. I did not see it then, but when she came at night I saw it. I saw upon it 20 l. post bank bill, and Esquire to a name; but as to any other particulars I know nothing at all about them.</p>
<p>Q. Who was by then?</p>
<p>D. Wetherspoon. My husband and Mr. Blacket; they went with her, on that Sunday night, to get it exchanged. The next morning I saw her again. Mr. Blacket came and told her he saw it advertised, and he would have her take the guinea reward. She said, she would not do it.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person248"> Edward Morgan
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person248" type="surname" value="Morgan"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person248" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person248" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 19th of December, the day before the prisoners died, Mr. Blacket, Mr. Wetherspoon, and the prisoner, came to my house, and call'd for a tankard of beer. I drew it. After they had drank it almost out they said, '' Morgan, will you change a bank note.'' I said, let me look at it.</p>
<p>Q. What was it for?</p>
<p>Morgan. I think it was for 20 l.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this note. (It is put into his hand.)</p>
<p>Morgan. I will not take my oath that this is the same; but I think this resembles it as much as any thing. The woman and I went backwards with a candle. She unpin'd it from some part of her petticoat behind. I said, I did not care to have any thing to do with it. After we came into the tap-room I said, I'll not exchange the note, but I will lend you five guineas on it till to-morrow. It being Sunday I could not go to change it. Blacket said, she is a gentlewoman, and spoke in her praise. I said, pray, Madam, how did you come by it. Sir, said she, I am loth to tell you. The gentleman, who first debanched me, made me a present of it. Then she said, will you let me have a little more. I said, I'd have no business with it. Then she offered me five shillings in the pound to exchange it. I said, I thought the premium was too much. I met Mr. Blacket the next day, and told him it was advertised.</p>
<p>Q. from a Juryman. Whether you would have made a difficulty of taking tat note, if it had been on a week day?</p>
<p>Morgan. Yes, Sir, I would.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Blacket was the only person that endeavoured to get it exchanged, and Wetherspoon and his wife persuaded me not to deliver it for the guinea reward. This man would have taken it, if I would have given him five guineas, and I told him it was advertised too.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-29-person249"> Thomas Yates
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person249" type="surname" value="Yates"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person249" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The first time I saw the prisoner at the bar, was at Wetherspoon's, on a Sunday. There were Blacket, a strange man, and Mrs. Wetherspoon sitting on one side the fire, and the prisoner on the other. Bank notes came up. The prisoner said, I have got a bank note in my pocket. I turned about and said, you don't look as if you could afford to keep bank notes any more than I can. The barber look'd at it and said, it is a bank note. I looked at it and said, no, it is not; it is a bank post bill. He asked me where was the difference. I told him, one is so many days after date, and the other upon demand.</p>
<p>Q. What was this for?</p>
<p>Yates. It was for 20 l.</p>
<p>Q. Where did she take it from?</p>
<p>Yates. From out of her pocket, and out of a little leather case. As she held it up I saw an indorsement on the back of it, and on the top a bank post bill, and I saw the word Esquire and a figure of five.</p>
<p>Q. Look at this bag.</p>
<p>Yates. ( He takes a small bag in his hand.) I know it again. I was at the searching for this bill, and by the assistance of a candle I saw this bag lying in the vault, and when we took it out of the place where it was concealed, the bill was in it. This is the same bag the prisoner took it out of, when she first shew'd it me.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Yates. On the Monday. She was taken up, and on the Tuesday about six o'clock, at night, I found it. I should have told the court, that after I had got my wig on, and sat down by the fire, at the barber's, I said this is a bold question I am going to ask you: How might you come by this
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140031"/> note ? Said she, I found it, and what I find is my own. I pick'd it up in the street in a leather case, and some other notes with it. She pull'd out of her pocket a note of hand for 6 l. 6 s. and said she was offer'd four guineas for that. Said I, then you know who it belongs to. Yes she said, so I do.</p>
<p>Q. Is the note here produced the same note you found?</p>
<p>Yates. It is the very same.</p>
<p>Jos. Groom. I am constable; a person told me that Wetherspoon's wife, or some person that was at his house, had offer'd a Bank note for half a crown in the pound. I really suspected it to be one of the notes taken when the male was rob'd. I went to justice Welch, and got a warrant and took up Mrs. Wetherspoon, and she told me that the woman that had the note was at her house. Yates and I went there and found the prisoner and Blacket there together. In searching, Mr. Yates got upon the seat in the necessary house, and put his hand into a hole, and said, here is the bag that the note was in; when he delivered it I found the bill in it. This is the same bag and the same bill that are here produced. I have had them in my custody ever since.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>I never saw this man in my life before he came and took me out of Mrs. Wetherspoon's house. That night that the letter was put into the post, as I was going out at our door a little after nine o'clock, a man had a letter in his hand; he said, here is a letter Mrs. and put it into my hand. I had it in my pocket two or three days and then I open'd it, and found this bill in it. I can neither write nor read, and I did not know what it was till I ask'd these people. The pane of the window had been broke two months before Mr. Brewyer came with the letter.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-29-verdict166" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-29-verdict166" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-29-verdict166" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of stealing, but not in the dwelling house </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-29-punish167" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-29-punish167" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-29-defend233 t17570114-29-punish167"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-30">
<interp inst="t17570114-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30" type="year" value="1757"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17570114"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30" type="date" value="17570114"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17570114-30-off168-c199" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-30-defend251 t17570114-30-off168 t17570114-30-verdict171"/>
<p>87. (L.)
<persName id="t17570114-30-defend251" type="defendantName"> Charles Butler
<interp inst="t17570114-30-defend251" type="surname" value="Butler"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-defend251" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-defend251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17570114-30-off168" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-30-off168" type="offenceCategory" value="miscellaneous"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-off168" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pervertingJustice"/> feloniously attempting the escape of
<persName id="t17570114-30-person252"> George Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person252" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person252" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person252" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17570114-30-person253"> Thomas Hardy
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person253" type="surname" value="Hardy"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person253" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person253" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , prisoners in
<placeName id="t17570114-30-crimeloc169">Newgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-crimeloc169" type="placeName" value="Newgate"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-crimeloc169" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-30-off168 t17570114-30-crimeloc169"/> for a felony committed by them at Peterborough, by conveying to them pistols, saws, and other instruments, in the said prison </rs>,
<rs id="t17570114-30-cd170" type="crimeDate">Jan. 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-30-off168 t17570114-30-cd170"/>. ++</p>
<p>Mr. Akerman. I am keeper of his majesty's gaol of Newgate.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Fielding's hand writing?</p>
<p>Mr. Akerman. I do, I receive commitments from him almost every day; he is so unfortunate as to be blind, but he always makes such a scribble as the name on this commitment.</p>
<p>It is read to this purport:</p>
<p>'' Middlesex, to wit To the keeper of his '' majesty's gaol of Newgate, or his deputy. Receive '' into your custody the bodies of George '' Jeffreys and
<persName id="t17570114-30-person254"> Thomas Hardy
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person254" type="surname" value="Hardy"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person254" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person254" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , brought before '' me, &c. charg'd upon oath by Rd Trice, Esq; '' for having enter'd the dwelling house of the '' said Richard, and stealing from thence 140 l. '' in money, and a diamond ring, and them safely '' keep in your custody, till they be discharged by '' due course of law, &c. sign'd
<persName id="t17570114-30-person255"> John Fielding
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person255" type="surname" value="Fielding"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person255" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person255" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>The Warrant of detainer read to this purport:</p>
<p>'' To the keeper of his majesty's gaol of Newgate, '' or his deputy. Middlesex, to wit. Detain '' in your custody the bodies of
<persName id="t17570114-30-person256"> George Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person256" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person256" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person256" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> '' and Tho. Hardy, for feloniously and burglariously '' breaking and entering the dwelling '' house of
<persName id="t17570114-30-person257"> Rd Trice
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person257" type="surname" value="Trice"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person257" type="given" value="Rd"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; of Peterborough, and '' them safely keep in your custody, &c.''</p>
<p>Mr. Akerman. I can only lead the court into the method how this escape came to be found out. On Thursday was 7 night in the morning early I took Jeffreys and Hardy out of the gaol, in order to carry them to the gaol at Peterborough. Upon my servants searching them, as we always do before we take them out upon these expeditions, they found their irons to be saw'd about half off, and they brought them to me. After I had well secur'd them, I went on with them, and gave strict orders to Freeborn my servant, to search after the instruments with which they had been sawing their irons, being certain they had some instruments some where: there came a letter to me the same day I got to Peterborough, which inform'd me he had found two brace of pistols, but I need not take up the time of the court, for he must repeat the farther account himself.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-30-person258"> Wm Freeborn
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person258" type="surname" value="Freeborn"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person258" type="given" value="Wm"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person258" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am one of the turnkeys of Newgate. Mr. Akerman gave me strict orders, when he went with the two prisoners to Peterborough, to search their irons. I did so, and found a bazel upon each leg cut almost in two. I took and shewed them to my master who ordered me to go up and search for the saws with which they were saw'd. I went up into the ward where the prisoners had lain; there was Baythorn, a person
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140032"/> under sentence of death. I said to him, Baythorn, I suppose I shall find your irons cut as the others have been. I look'd and found his had been touched. I said, I shall make an example of you if you don't tell where the instruments are that cut them; he went to the barrack and jump'd upon a box, and there were the pistols; he was going to take them out; I said I could take them out myself. Then I saw him open his box, and I saw two brace of pistols; the brace of horse pistols were loaded, the pocket ones were not.</p>
<p>Q. What were they loaded with?</p>
<p>Freeborn. They had twenty-one balls in them both. I ask'd him how he came by them, at first he said he knew nothing of them. I found three watch spring saws in frames, and some powder in a paper. I know no farther how they came there than what Baythorn told me. I know the prisoner at the bar used frequently to come to Jeffreys and Hardy.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I came three or four times.</p>
<p>Q. Was he acquainted with Baythorn?</p>
<p>Freeborn. I believe he was, because Baythorn had been in that room with them since he was respited. We had a suspicion of but two people whom we took, which were the prisoner and Hardy the evidence. Baythorn told us that the evidence brought the pistols.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-30-person259"> Thomas Hardy
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person259" type="surname" value="Hardy"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person259" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Wednesday the 9th of Jan. I had some business on board the Hunter Tender, where I saw one Martin, who desired me to go to Jeffreys and Hardy then in Newgate, and deliver them a message, to this effect. '' That he being '' press'd on board the Tender could not do that '' favour for them, but that I could do it as '' well.'' I went to them in Newgate, and in the lodge there they sat, and Baythorn along with them, drinking red wine together. I pull'd off my hat, and expressed my sorrow at seeing them in that place. I deliver'd my message.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know them before?</p>
<p>Hardy. I knew Jeffreys and Hardy before. I belong to lieutenant Watson, and I pressed Jeffreys. I did not know Hardy till I saw him at the Privateer's rendezvous. I desired to know what business I could do for them. Jeffreys put me off from time to time, and after that he desired me to go up stairs and drink a glass of wine; in the mean time came in Butler the prisoner and another man; then we all went up stairs together. When we came there Jeffreys ask'd me whether I would aid him to make his escape out of Newgate. I replied, I thought it impossible for him to make his escape, and desired him to submit to mercy and make his peace. He pointed to a window in the room where we were sitting, which I think they call the tap, and said, Jack Shepherd made his escape out there, and why should not I make mine as well as he.</p>
<p>Q. to Freeborn. What room is that he speaks of?</p>
<p>Freeborn. It is a room above stairs in the inside the gaol.</p>
<p>Hardy. I still seem'd indifferent, and he call'd to Hardy. Said he, take your namesake up stairs and make a christian of him. When we came up stairs into a place called the master's side, Hardy sat himself down on the barrack, and said to me has Jeffreys told you the affair. I said he has been speaking of it; but I don't think there is any probability of it; have you seen my jacket said he, I said, no; said he, I'll give it you if you will have it, I have as many as will serve my life time; he went to the side of a deal box and pull'd out a key and open'd it, and took out a handful of swan shot; he let one drop to the ground, and to excuse it, he said, have you had any sport; you should not bring such things here, you are likely to be stop'd for it; at the same time he open'd his box, and put his hand upon one of the pistols. I saw two there, he handled them both.</p>
<p>Q. Was Butler present?</p>
<p>Hardy, No, he was then below drinking with Jeffreys; he said, how do you like my jacket. I was very much shock'd then, for I imagined a man that could father the dropping of the shot upon me, could very well shoot me through the head. He said, will you come for my jacket in the morning. I replied, yes, I'll come betwixt nine and ten, but I had no intention to go. I understood it was to assist him in his escape. This was to get me to the box to see the pistols. I wanted to go down stairs, to inform somebody in the gaol of what I had seen. I went down and saw Baythorn; seeing nothing upon him, I thought he was not one of the prisoners. I said, are you one of the gaol. He said, are you in the scheme. Then I walk'd towards Jeffreys, and said, I'll be sure to deliver this message for you; he said, bring me an answer between nine and ten; he took hold of the cuff of my coat, and said I should not go yet.</p>
<p>Q. Where was Butler then?</p>
<p>Hardy. He was then with Jeffreys. I said to Jeffreys, I had particular business, an d if I did not go then, I could not come in the morning. He
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140033"/> said, sit down. We sat there about half an hour, during which time Jeffreys, Hardy, Baythorn, the prisoner, and Jeffreys's wife seem'd to be in discourse together. When they thought it was time to go, they all got up from their seats. We walked to the door, and Jeffreys's wife had me by the arm. We went out. The prisoner went either before or behind me, I don't know which. I observed one before, and the other behind me. I thought they had some suspicion of my having an intent to discover the affair.</p>
<p>Q. How many of you came out then?</p>
<p>Hardy. The prisoner, Jeffreys's wife, another man and I. When we were out of the gaol, Butler said to me, '' will you be sure to come, and '' bring a brace along with you.'' Whether he said pistols or not, I can't say. Said I, suppose I should be stop'd in conveying them in? Said he, '' You may easily hide them under your great '' coat, for I carried the pops in.'' I think he made use of those words.</p>
<p>Q. What did you apprehend by the word pops ?</p>
<p>Hardy. I apprehend that he meant the pistols which I had seen there.</p>
<p>Mr. Akerman. It is a common word for pistols, amongst those sort of people.</p>
<p>Hardy. He seeing me indifferent, told me it was a deep laid scheme, and would certainly do. He pointed towards Holbourn, and said, he'd there have a coach to convey them to the waterside, or among the sailors, where it would be impossible to find them out. They seemed to stand under Newgate till they saw me part of my way to the Fleet-Market.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you go away?</p>
<p>Hardy. I apprehend we might go away about six o'clock. The lamps were all lighted up.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to them after this?</p>
<p>Hardy. No, I never did. I was taken up the next day on suspicion with a warrant. I gave the same account before Mr. Fielding as I do here now, and sign'd my information before him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I saw that evidence in the room with Jeffreys and Hardy, both above and below; but I never spoke to him concerning a coach, or concerning the prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing about the saws?</p>
<p>Hardy. No, I do not.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-30-person260"> Ann Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person260" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person260" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person260" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> is call'd.</p>
<p>Mr. Akerman. This is Jeffreys's wife that is gone to Peterborough. He has another there.</p>
<p>Q. to Hardy. Is this the same woman you saw in Newgate at the time you speak of?</p>
<p>Hardy. It is.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-30-person261"> Ann Jeffreys
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person261" type="surname" value="Jeffreys"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person261" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person261" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know Hardy and Jeffreys both sold some cloaths, and gave the money to this Butler to go and buy pistols, and I saw him deliver the pistols to them.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell what money he gave them?</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. No, I cannot tell rightly; because Butler sold Jeffreys's buckles for him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know of any instruments being brought to Newgate?</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. Butler brought in a watch spring, delivered it to Jeffreys, and Jeffreys shew'd it to Hardy.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these saws here produced.</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. I saw but one of them there. He brought a watch spring in, in order to have saws made of it, as he said.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any pistols?</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. The prisoner brought in but one pair of pistols first.</p>
<p>Q. Look at these four pistols. (A brace of horse pistols, and a brace for the pocket.)</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. He brought in the two little ones first.</p>
<p>Q. Who did he give them to?</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. To Jeffreys.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know for what purpose?</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. To make their escape. This they said all to one another.</p>
<p>Q. Who brought in the large pistols?</p>
<p>A. Jeffreys. Butler brought them in also. I saw them there.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Defence.</p>
<p>About last Michaelmas I came from Ireland. When I came to Liverpool there were Jeffreys and his wife, the woman that gave evidence last. We came to London in company together, and then we parted company. In a short time after that I saw him. He told me he had a place on board the Blakeney privateer, which was a lieutenancy. In a short time after that I saw his spouse. We spake together. After that I saw the papers, which mentioned two men being in Newgate, for robbery and felony. A friend of mine told me they were the same men that came with me from Ireland. Upon enquiring I found they were the same men. Mistress Jeffreys having heard where I was enquired for me, and told me Mr. Jeffreys would be glad to see me, so I came to Newgate to see him. I had been there three or four times, and from what I saw I believe they have conspired against me. From the time I came to London I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="175701140034"/> work'd for one Mr. Rowland, a velvet weaver. Here is one of his men to give me a character.</p>
<p>To his Character.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-30-person262"> John Caister
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person262" type="surname" value="Caister"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person262" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person262" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the prisoner about two months I believe, I can't justly say as to the time.</p>
<p>Q. What has been his general character ?</p>
<p>Caister. He has borne a very good character since he work'd for my master, who is a velvet weaver.</p>
<p>Q. Where does your master live?</p>
<p>Caister. His name is Rowland. He lives in Elder Street, Spital-fields. He was very well recommended to us, for an honest sober man.</p>
<persName id="t17570114-30-person263"> Patrick Doyle
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person263" type="surname" value="Doyle"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person263" type="given" value="Patrick"/>
<interp inst="t17570114-30-person263" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him ever since he was a child.</p>
<p>Q. What countryman is he?</p>
<p>Doyle. He is an Irishman. He served his time to me.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you been in England ?</p>
<p>Doyle. Near three years.</p>
<p>Q. Have you known him here in England ?</p>
<p>Doyle. I have, ever since he came here.</p>
<p>Q. What is his general character?</p>
<p>Doyle. An excellent one. I never heard the value of a pennyworth of dishonesty by him in my life, upon the virtue of my oath.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-30-verdict171" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-30-verdict171" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17570114-30-punish172" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17570114-30-punish172" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17570114-30-defend251 t17570114-30-punish172"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17570114-31">