<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,
<p>On WEDNESDAY the 6th, THURSDAY the 7th, FRIDAY the 8th, and SATURDAY the 9th of July.</p>
<p>In the 22d Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.</p>
<p>BEING THE Sixth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the</p>
<p>Rt. Honble Sir
<persName id="f17480706-1-person1"> Robert Ladbroke
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person1" type="surname" value="Ladbroke"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person1" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER VI.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1748.</p>
<p>[Price Sixpence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17480706-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> ROBERT LADBROKE
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person2" type="surname" value="LADBROKE"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person2" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord-Mayor of the City of London, the Right Honourable the Lord Chief
<persName id="f17480706-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Baron PARKER
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person3" type="surname" value="PARKER"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person3" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the Honourable Mr. Justice BURNET, the Honourable Mr. Justice FOSTER, JOHN STRACEY, Esq; Recorder, and others of his Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Gaol Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person4" type="jurorName"> Richard Scarr
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person4" type="surname" value="Scarr"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person4" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person5" type="jurorName"> William Nash
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person5" type="surname" value="Nash"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person5" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Caleb Toulman
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person6" type="surname" value="Toulman"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person6" type="given" value="Caleb"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Jacob Ilive
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person7" type="surname" value="Ilive"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person7" type="given" value="Jacob"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Bonner
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person8" type="surname" value="Bonner"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person8" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Thomas Parkinson
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person9" type="surname" value="Parkinson"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person9" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person10" type="jurorName"> James Barlow
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person10" type="surname" value="Barlow"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person10" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Newton Lucas
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person11" type="surname" value="Lucas"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person11" type="given" value="Newton"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person12" type="jurorName"> John Egremon
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person12" type="surname" value="Egremon"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person12" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person12" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person13" type="jurorName"> James Waugh
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person13" type="surname" value="Waugh"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person13" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person14" type="jurorName"> John Tipp
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person14" type="surname" value="Tipp"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person14" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person15" type="jurorName"> Francis Merriweather
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person15" type="surname" value="Merriweather"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person15" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Walter Lee
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person16" type="surname" value="Lee"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person16" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person17" type="jurorName"> John Deschamps
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person17" type="surname" value="Deschamps"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person17" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person18" type="jurorName"> William Wilton
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person18" type="surname" value="Wilton"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person18" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person19" type="jurorName"> John Reynolds
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person19" type="surname" value="Reynolds"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person19" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person20" type="jurorName"> Willian Payne
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person20" type="surname" value="Payne"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person20" type="given" value="Willian"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person21" type="jurorName"> William Boozshire
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person21" type="surname" value="Boozshire"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person21" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Robert Harrop
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person22" type="surname" value="Harrop"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person22" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person23" type="jurorName"> William Duck
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person23" type="surname" value="Duck"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person23" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Thomas Bishop
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person24" type="surname" value="Bishop"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person24" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person25" type="jurorName"> John Smith
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person25" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person25" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person26" type="jurorName"> Thomas Woodward
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person26" type="surname" value="Woodward"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person26" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480706-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Andrew Moran
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person27" type="surname" value="Moran"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person27" type="given" value="Andrew"/>
<interp inst="f17480706-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p> </div1>
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<p>316 +
<persName id="t17480706-1-defend28" type="defendantName"> John Strong
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<interp inst="t17480706-1-defend28" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-defend28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
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<interp inst="t17480706-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17480706-1-victim30" type="victimName"> John Lodge
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<interp inst="t17480706-1-victim30" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the ward of
<placeName id="t17480706-1-crimeloc2">Bishopsgate</placeName>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-1-off1 t17480706-1-crimeloc2"/>, London, about the hour of two in the evening, and stealing forty yards of broad cloth, value 30 l. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-1-victim32" type="victimName"> John Skelton
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<p>N. B. Those Trials with this mark + shew that the Prisoners were indicted for Capital Offences, and must have receiv'd Sentence of Death, if the Jury had found them guilty of the whole Indictment.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person33"> John Skelton
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<interp inst="t17480706-1-person33" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person33" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say, with relation to this charge?</p>
<p>Skelton. The beginning of May I sent a piece and an half of broad cloth to Mr. Lodge's.</p>
<p>Q. What quantity of yards were there?</p>
<p>Skelton. There were two quantities; one was twenty-five, and the other about eighteen yards.</p>
<p>[The cloth was produced.]</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that to be your cloth?</p>
<p>Skelton. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know who stole it?</p>
<p>Skelton. I know nothing farther than that it is mine. The Prisoner was charg'd with stealing this cloth, and was carried before my Lord-Mayor; he denied it at first, but afterwards owned he was the person that stole the cloth.</p>
<p>Q. Did he tell you in what manner he stole it?</p>
<p>Skelton. No</p>
<p>Q. Did he tell you what sort of cloth it was that he had stole?</p>
<p>Skelton. He said it was superfine cloth.</p>
<p>Q. How came you by this cloth again?</p>
<p>Skelton. It was sent in a basket to Mr. Cam's.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person34"> William White
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person34" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person34" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you live with Mr. Lodge?</p>
<p>White. No; I did work with him, but I have not worked there since this fact was committed.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the taking in of that cloth at Mr. Lodge's, at any time, and when?</p>
<p>White. Let me look at the cloth [which he did.] On the fourteenth of May, at night, I left these two pieces of cloth at Mr. Lodge's, safe in the warehouse.</p>
<p>Q. What time did you leave these in the warehouse?</p>
<p>White. Between six and seven at night.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060003"/>Q. Did the Prisoner work for Mr. Lodge?</p>
<p>White. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did he work there that day?</p>
<p>White. No; he had not worked there for fourteen or fifteen months before.</p>
<p>Q. When did you go to Mr. Lodge's again?</p>
<p>White. On the Tuesday; and when I came there, I was asked concerning the cloth.</p>
<p>Q. Is there any gate there?</p>
<p>White. Yes; there is a gate that goes into a yard, with a lock to it, and a bolt that goes into the staple four inches.</p>
<p>Q. Where is this warehouse?</p>
<p>White. It is in Little St. Hellen's.</p>
<p>Q. Is it any part of the dwelling-house?</p>
<p>White. No, it is not.</p>
<p>Q. Does it join to the dwelling-house?</p>
<p>White. They join wall to wall.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any passage, or communication, between this place and the street?</p>
<p>White. None, but by going in at the gate. The house and warehouse is all within the gate.</p>
<p>Q. But this is not Mr. Lodge's dwelling-house?</p>
<p>White. No; it is only for to receive goods.</p>
<p>Q. Do you go through the dwelling-house to go into this warehouse?</p>
<p>White. No.</p>
<p>Q. Has the dwelling-house any door to it, besides the door that is at the coming into the yard?</p>
<p>White. No.</p>
<p>Q. And is there no way of going out of the dwelling-house into this warehouse, without going into the yard?</p>
<p>White. No.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know how the cloth was found again?</p>
<p>White. Only as it was said, to be brought to Mr. Cam's.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person35"> Ann Walker
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person35" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person35" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person35" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say?</p>
<p>Walker. On the sixteenth of May, between five and six in the morning, I saw the Prisoner with something tied up in a brown wrapper, and he laid it upon a post; and he said, if I would take care of it till an inn was open, he would give me something to drink.</p>
<p>Q. Did you carry it to any inn?</p>
<p>Walker. I carried it to Mr.
<persName id="t17480706-1-person36"> Stephen Scot
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<interp inst="t17480706-1-person36" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, in Catharine-Street, in the Strand.</p>
<p>Q. What was it that was in the wrapper?</p>
<p>Walker. It was something of a dark coloured cloth.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the wrapper?</p>
<p>Walker. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the cloth?</p>
<p>Walker. Yes, I am sure it is; and when he went into the house, he laid the cloth down upon a table below stairs, and I took a candle, and lighted him up, and he carried it into a room up two pair of stairs.</p>
<p>Q. What occasion had you for a candle at that time in the morning?</p>
<p>Walker. Because the woman of the house was in bed, and he desired to leave it there, till the inn was open. Your servant, my Lord, you have done with me?</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person37"> Mary Goldsmith
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<interp inst="t17480706-1-person37" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person37" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember, on the sixteenth of May, seeing that young man at the bar?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes, I saw him come into my aunt's house with something.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body with him?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes, one
<persName id="t17480706-1-person38"> Ann Walker
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person38" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person38" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person38" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was with him, who I knew, or else I would not have let him in.</p>
<p>Q. What did he bring? was it a portmanteau?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. It was like a portmanteau. I took it to be a portmanteau at first, but it was cloth.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the cloth?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. I cannot say it is.</p>
<p>Q. Did he leave any thing in your house?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes, he left it up two pair of stairs.</p>
<p>Q. How came it to be sent away?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. My uncle sent it away, upon seeing an advertisement.</p>
<p>Q. Did the Prisoner come for it?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes; but my uncle thought it was stolen, and he kept it, and sent it home.</p>
<p>Q. When was it sent home?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. The Saturday following.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the Prisoner is the person that brought it?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes, he is the person that brought it.</p>
<p>Q. What was it in?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. It was in a brown cloth.</p>
<p>Q. Did he come to demand it?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was it before, or after it was advertised?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. It was before it was advertised.</p>
<p>Q. What did your uncle say about it?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. He was very angry at my taking it in, and thought it was tea.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person39"> Mary Longbottom
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person39" type="surname" value="Longbottom"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person39" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person39" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Longbottom. I keep a publick-house in Shoe-Lane.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060004"/>Q. Did the Prisoner come into your house at any time?</p>
<p>Longbottom. On the eighteenth or nineteenth of May, the Prisoner came with two men to my house.</p>
<p>Q. What time did they come?</p>
<p>Longbottom. They came about noon, and they were talking about cloth; and they said they were going about this cloth to Scot's, and that they believed the cloth was damned, but sooner than the people of the house should have it, the owner should have it.</p>
<p>Q. Who said that, the Prisoner, or any body else?</p>
<p>Longbottom. It was another person said so to the Prisoner, and advised him to send a letter to Scot's, or to advertise it.</p>
<p>Q. Did the Prisoner say any thing to that?</p>
<p>Longbottom. He said he would go to Scot's; and presently there was a woman came in, and she advised him not to go to Scot's, for it would blow him.</p>
<p>Q. And did he go to Scot's?</p>
<p>Longbottom. He went out, and said he would go to Scot's.</p>
<p>Q. Did he return again?</p>
<p>Longbottom. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he stay?</p>
<p>Longbottom. About an hour.</p>
<p>Q. Did the woman stay?</p>
<p>Longbottom. The woman staid all the time.</p>
<p>Q. When he returned, what did he say?</p>
<p>Longbottom. The woman asked him what he had done, and he said he had made an offer of part of the cloth, and nothing could be done.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any conversation between you and him?</p>
<p>Longbottom. I asked him whether he had lost any thing, and he said, he believed he had lost fifty pounds; said I, did you tell it? he said, it was not money, it was cloth.</p>
<p>Q. What cloth did he say it was?</p>
<p>Longbottom. He said it was superfine cloth. And there was one White, who was turn'd out of his work upon that account, came to my house, and spoke of the affair.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person40"> William White
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person40" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person40" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the man; it very nearly concern'd me, for I have been a great sufferer by it.</p>
<p>Longbottom. The second time he was carried before my Lord Mayor, he confessed the fact, and desired to clear the woman, for she was not guilty of it.</p>
<p>Q. to Goldsmith. Is your uncle's name Scot?</p>
<p>Goldsmith. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-1-person41"> Sarah Scot
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person41" type="surname" value="Scot"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person41" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-person41" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner at the bar?</p>
<p>Scot. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of him?</p>
<p>Scot. The Prisoner at the bar came to demand a piece of cloth, which was brought when I was in bed, and asleep : He came several times about it; he came one night, about ten o'clock, with a woman in a cloak; and the next day two men came, and one of them threatened my maid, and said, if she said any thing to them, he would put her eye out with a cane; and the Prisoner said, the cloth was worth twenty pounds. I told a man of very good sense of it, and he advised me not to let the Prisoner have it, and I would not let him have it; for I said to my husband, keep it and he said he would keep it, and see whether it was advertised; and when it was advertised, he sent it home.</p>
<p>Q. When was it advertised?</p>
<p>Scot. It was advertised the next day, and my husband ordered, that there should be no money taken for the carrying it.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the cloth?</p>
<p>Scot. That is the cloth, I am sure, and I was angry with my maid, and gave her a slap on the face for taking it in, for I thought it was tea, and she run away from me upon that account.</p>
<p>The Jury
<rs id="t17480706-1-verdict3" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-1-verdict3" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-1-verdict3" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> acquitted him of the burglary, and found him guilty of the felony </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-1-punish4" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-1-punish4" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-1-defend28 t17480706-1-punish4"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-2">
<interp inst="t17480706-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-2-off5-c40" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-2-defend43 t17480706-2-off5 t17480706-2-verdict9"/>
<persName id="t17480706-2-defend43" type="defendantName"> Rebecca Portore
<interp inst="t17480706-2-defend43" type="surname" value="Portore"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-defend43" type="given" value="Rebecca"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-defend43" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-2-off5" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-2-off5" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-off5" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three silver tea-spoons, value 6 s. a pair of silver tea-tongs, value 8 s. two caps, value 12 d. a shirt, value 5 s. an apron, value 12 d. a cotton gown, value 10 s. a pair of stays, value 20 s. a woman's bever hat, value 2 s. 6 d. one pair of sheets, five aprons, and a towel, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-2-victim45" type="victimName"> Bridget Murphy
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim45" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim45" type="given" value="Bridget"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim45" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . A gown, value 3 l. a stuff gown, a pair of stays, a handkerchief, &c. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-2-victim46" type="victimName"> Honnor Obrian
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim46" type="surname" value="Obrian"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim46" type="given" value="Honnor"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim46" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ; and four aprons, a pair of stays, a quilted petticoat, a pair of shoes, and a pair of stockings, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-2-victim48" type="victimName"> Mary Jones
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim48" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim48" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-victim48" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-2-cd6" type="crimeDate">June 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-2-off5 t17480706-2-cd6"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-2-person49"> Bridget Murphy
<interp inst="t17480706-2-person49" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-person49" type="given" value="Bridget"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-person49" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner's aunt recommended her to me as a very good hand at washing, and I took her into my house; for I thought she had been set in scorn by her friends, on account of her having a sweetheart, and the first or second of June she lay at my house. I ordered my maid to let her have some victuals, and go to bed. I talked to her a good deal, and spoke very simpathizing to her; and I said, if she had
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060005"/> done a fault, she was not a thief, and the Prisoner went to bed with my maid.</p>
<p>Q. Where is your maid?</p>
<p>Murphy. She has an impediment in her speech, and cannot speak in a Court.</p>
<p>Q. What did she take of yours?</p>
<p>Murphy. She took my new stays, and the other things in the indictment.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her do this?</p>
<p>Murphy. No, but they were found upon her.</p>
<p>Q. Have you got them again?</p>
<p>Murphy. No, but I hope I shall with your good order, for they are in Mr. Noakes the constable's hands.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to find it out that you was robbed?</p>
<p>Murphy. I heard a noise very early in the morning, and called to my maid, and asked her what she did up so soon, and she said she was in bed. I enquired after the
<rs id="t17480706-2-deflabel7" type="occupation">chairwoman</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-2-defend43 t17480706-2-deflabel7"/>, and my maid said she was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Murphy. In the
<placeName id="t17480706-2-crimeloc8">Temple-Mews</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-crimeloc8" type="placeName" value="Temple-Mews"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-crimeloc8" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-2-off5 t17480706-2-crimeloc8"/>, next door to Mr. Wright's coach-yard. When my maid said she was gone, I said, how could you be such a bear, as to let her go? And the door was left quite open, and the things gone.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find these things?</p>
<p>Murphy. At a publick-house in Broad St. Giles's, at Mr. Noakes the constable's.</p>
<p>Honner Obrian. I lived with Mrs. Murphy at this time, and lost two gowns, and several other things.</p>
<p>Q. Have you got them again?</p>
<p>Obrian. They are all here.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find them?</p>
<p>Obrian. The Prisoner had my gown and stays on.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I desire to know, whether Mrs. Obrian did not lend me the things?</p>
<p>Obrian. No; I had my gown and stays on over night. I did not lend her any thing.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-2-person50"> John Noakes
<interp inst="t17480706-2-person50" type="surname" value="Noakes"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-person50" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-2-person50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . A woman seeing the prisoner going along, early in the morning, with a large bundle, sent for me into St. Thomas's-Street, and I got up, and took the Prisoner, and carried her before Justice Broadhead, and she was committed on suspicion, and she confessed that she stole the things, and that they belonged to Mrs. Murphy.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-2-verdict9" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-2-verdict9" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-2-punish10" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-2-punish10" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-2-defend43 t17480706-2-punish10"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-3-off12-c46" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-3-defend52 t17480706-3-off12 t17480706-3-verdict16"/>
<p>318. +
<persName id="t17480706-3-defend52" type="defendantName"> George Adams
<interp inst="t17480706-3-defend52" type="surname" value="Adams"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-defend52" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-defend52" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-3-defloc11">Sepulchre's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-defloc11" type="placeName" value="Sepulchre's"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-defloc11" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-3-defend52 t17480706-3-defloc11"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-3-off12" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-3-off12" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-off12" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing 14 s. 6 d. in monies number'd, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-3-victim54" type="victimName"> Charles Marshall
<interp inst="t17480706-3-victim54" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-victim54" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-victim54" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-3-off12 t17480706-3-victim54"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-3-cd13" type="crimeDate">June 22</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-3-off12 t17480706-3-cd13"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-3-person55"> Charles Marshall
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person55" type="surname" value="Marshall"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person55" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person55" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What did the Prisoner do to you?</p>
<p>Marshall. He took 14 s. 6 d. from me.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you?</p>
<p>Marshall. In one of the stables at the
<placeName id="t17480706-3-crimeloc14">Swan-Inn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-crimeloc14" type="placeName" value="Swan-Inn"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-crimeloc14" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-3-off12 t17480706-3-crimeloc14"/> at
<placeName id="t17480706-3-crimeloc15">Holborn-Bridge</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-crimeloc15" type="placeName" value="Holborn-Bridge"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-crimeloc15" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-3-off12 t17480706-3-crimeloc15"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What was it in?</p>
<p>Marshall. In a canvas purse, in my breeches pocket.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the day was it?</p>
<p>Marshall. I cannot say what time it was: I went into the stable at eight o'clock in the morning, and went and laid down.</p>
<p>Q. What was you asleep?</p>
<p>Marshall. Yes; I lay asleep in the manger.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure you had the money in your pocket?</p>
<p>Marshall. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you feel in your pocket for the money a little before you went to sleep?</p>
<p>Marshall. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long before?</p>
<p>Marshall. About two hours.</p>
<p>Q. Had you been in any company in that time?</p>
<p>Marshall. No; I went in with a pair of horses.</p>
<p>Q. Are you a coachman?</p>
<p>Marshall. No; I went in with a young man, who lives at the Green Man in Barnet.</p>
<p>Q. What reason have you to charge the Prisoner with it; can you say he took it?</p>
<p>Marshall. I cannot punctually say, whether he took it out of my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. When was the Prisoner taken up?</p>
<p>Marshall. The same day.</p>
<p>Q. Did you take him up upon suspicion?</p>
<p>Marshall. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you charge him with any thing?</p>
<p>Marshall. I could not swear to any particular pieces of money he had in his pocket, but he owned the taking the 14 s. and 6 d.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say when he owned it?</p>
<p>Marshall. He said he took it out of my pocket. I did not say much to him.</p>
<p>Q. Have you got your money again?</p>
<p>Marshall. No, all the money is gone; he has made away with it all.</p>
<p>Q. Was any body by when he owned it?</p>
<p>Marshall. Yes, and he owned it before my Lord-Mayor.</p>
<p>Q. Did the Prisoner work in the yard?</p>
<p>Marshall. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was he a helper to the hostlers?</p>
<p>Marshall. I cannot tell.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060006"/>Prisoner. He offered me a great deal of civility, and said he would do nothing to me.</p>
<p>Q. Is this true?</p>
<p>Marshall. I said, if he would kneel down upon his knees, and give me a note of his hand, I would forgive him.</p>
<p>Q. Did he give you a note of his hand?</p>
<p>Marshall. No.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-3-person56"> Charles Davis
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person56" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person56" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a warder in Sepulchre's Parish. The constable sent for me; the Prisoner was in custody, and it was a long time before the Prisoner would confess any thing; and then he owned he had taken 14 s. 6 d. out of the Prosecutor's pocket, and that he had spent part of the money.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any promise made to the Prisoner, to induce him to make this confession?</p>
<p>Davis. There was an offer made to him, to take a note of his hand, but he would not do it.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-3-person57"> Richard Fulbrook
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person57" type="surname" value="Fulbrook"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person57" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the constable that had the charge of this man, for taking the 14 s. and 6 d. I took him out of the room, and asked him about it, and he said, he hoped he had made things easy?</p>
<p>Q. Who said so?</p>
<p>Fulbrook. The Prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Q. Did the Prosecutor say so?</p>
<p>Fulbrook. If he would have signed a note for the money, it might, I believe, have been so, but the Prisoner would not do it. The Prisoner had in his pocket half a crown, a shilling, and some halfpence, but the Prosecutor could not own any of the pieces of money that the Prisoner had in his pocket, and he returned them to the Prisoner again.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-3-person58"> Charles Bickerton
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person58" type="surname" value="Bickerton"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person58" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-3-person58" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , for the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say, as to this affair?</p>
<p>Bickerton. I can say nothing to that. I have known him sixteen or seventeen years, and I never heard any thing amiss of him; he came first upon liking to me.</p>
<p>Q. What trade are you?</p>
<p>Bickerton. I am a turner, and we differed about the money, and I did not take him; but he went to a brass turner in Holborn.</p>
<p>Q. And did he serve his time out?</p>
<p>Bickerton. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long has he been out of his time?</p>
<p>Bickerton. I do not know justly, is may be about a year.</p>
<p>Q. What has he done for his living since?</p>
<p>Bickerton. I do not know.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have been out of my time a year last September. The Jury
<rs id="t17480706-3-verdict16" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-3-verdict16" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs> the Prisoner.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-4-off18-c52" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-defend60 t17480706-4-off18 t17480706-4-verdict22"/>
<p>319. +
<persName id="t17480706-4-defend60" type="defendantName"> John Levally
<interp inst="t17480706-4-defend60" type="surname" value="Levally"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-defend60" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-defend60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-4-defloc17">St. Bartholomew, by the Exchange</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-defloc17" type="placeName" value="St. Bartholomew, by the Exchange"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-defloc17" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-defend60 t17480706-4-defloc17"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-4-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-4-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a linen handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-4-victim61" type="victimName"> John Slade
<interp inst="t17480706-4-victim61" type="surname" value="Slade"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-victim61" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-victim61" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-off18 t17480706-4-victim61"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-4-cd19" type="crimeDate">June 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-off18 t17480706-4-cd19"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-4-person62"> John Slade
<interp inst="t17480706-4-person62" type="surname" value="Slade"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-person62" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-person62" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the twenty-fifth of June, as I was going thro'
<placeName id="t17480706-4-crimeloc20">Swithin's-Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-crimeloc20" type="placeName" value="Swithin's-Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-crimeloc20" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-off18 t17480706-4-crimeloc20"/>, about four o' clock in the afternoon, I was alarm'd by Mr. Moxum, that my pocket was picked; I turned about immediately, and seized the
<rs id="t17480706-4-deflabel21" type="occupation">boy</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-defend60 t17480706-4-deflabel21"/>, and missed my handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find any thing upon the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Slade. I did not find any thing upon him; it appeared, that he delivered it to another accomplice.</p>
<p>Q. How did it appear? did it appear to you?</p>
<p>Slade. I did not see him.</p>
<p>Q. You are to tell me what you know of your own knowledge, not what you have from other people.</p>
<p>Slade. I know nothing of his taking it, but what I had from Mr. Moxum.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-4-person63"> John Moxum
<interp inst="t17480706-4-person63" type="surname" value="Moxum"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-person63" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-person63" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live at Hamlin's Coffee-house, in Swithin-Alley; and as I sat in the house, I saw the Prisoner take this gentleman's handkerchief out of his pocket, and it was conveyed down into a cellar, and was brought up the next morning, and the gentleman came and owned it.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any body else with the Prisoner then?</p>
<p>Moxum. There was another boy close by him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see the Prisoner before?</p>
<p>Moxum. No, never, before that day.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-4-verdict22" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-4-verdict22" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-4-verdict22" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-4-punish23" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-4-punish23" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-4-defend60 t17480706-4-punish23"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-5" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-5-off24-c56" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-5-defend65 t17480706-5-off24 t17480706-5-verdict27"/>
<persName id="t17480706-5-defend65" type="defendantName"> John Williams
<interp inst="t17480706-5-defend65" type="surname" value="Williams"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-defend65" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-defend65" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-5-off24" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-5-off24" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-off24" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-5-victim67" type="victimName"> George Goodwin
<interp inst="t17480706-5-victim67" type="surname" value="Goodwin"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-victim67" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-victim67" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-5-off24 t17480706-5-victim67"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17480706-5-cd25" type="crimeDate">June 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-5-off24 t17480706-5-cd25"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-5-person68"> George Goodwin
<interp inst="t17480706-5-person68" type="surname" value="Goodwin"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-person68" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-person68" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the thirteenth of June, between two and three in the afternoon, I was going down the
<placeName id="t17480706-5-crimeloc26">Poultry</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-crimeloc26" type="placeName" value="Poultry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-crimeloc26" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-5-off24 t17480706-5-crimeloc26"/>, and I lost my handkerchief. One Mr. Bodker came running after me, and when I came to the end of the Old Jury, he said he had seen a man pick my pocket. I don't know that I saw the Prisoner, till Mr. Bodker had laid hold of him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I am not guilty of this, and no person ever took a handkerchief upon me.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-5-person69"> Henry Bodker
<interp inst="t17480706-5-person69" type="surname" value="Bodker"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-person69" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-5-person69" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . As I was standing at my door in the Poultry, I saw the prisoner follow Mr. Goodwin, and I saw the Prisoner's hand in his pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the handkerchief in the Prisoner's hand?</p>
<p>Bodker. No, I saw no handkerchief; but I
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060007"/> saw his hand in Mr. Goodwin's pocket a considerable time.</p>
<p>Q. Did the Prisoner run away?</p>
<p>Bodker. He run under the coaches, I suppose, not thinking to be pursued; but I kept my eye upon him all the time, and secured him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was going down to Little Tower-Hill, to an uncle of mine, who is a fellowship-porter, and I was taken, and carried before a Magistrate. I think it is very wrong, that I am brought here for nothing at all. I have several witnesses to my character, but they cannot be here till to-morrow.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-5-verdict27" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-5-verdict27" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-6">
<interp inst="t17480706-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-6" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-6-off29-c60" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-6-defend71 t17480706-6-off29 t17480706-6-verdict32"/>
<persName id="t17480706-6-defend71" type="defendantName"> Lawrence Watson
<interp inst="t17480706-6-defend71" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-defend71" type="given" value="Lawrence"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-defend71" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-6-defloc28">St. Ethelburg</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-defloc28" type="placeName" value="St. Ethelburg"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-defloc28" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-6-defend71 t17480706-6-defloc28"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-6-off29" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-6-off29" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-off29" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a brass pestel and mortar, a copper saucepan, a tin pepper-box, &c </rs>. the property of the
<rs id="t17480706-6-viclabel30" type="occupation">
<persName id="t17480706-6-victim72" type="victimName">
<interp inst="t17480706-6-victim72" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-6-off29 t17480706-6-victim72"/> </persName> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-6-victim72 t17480706-6-viclabel30"/>,
<rs id="t17480706-6-cd31" type="crimeDate">June 8</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-6-off29 t17480706-6-cd31"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-6-person73"> James Vernon
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person73" type="surname" value="Vernon"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person73" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was upon duty about a month ago. The Prisoner belongs to the parish of St. Ethelburg.</p>
<p>Q. What are you a constable?</p>
<p>Vernon. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Of what parish?</p>
<persName id="t17480706-6-person74"> Vernon Of
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person74" type="surname" value="Of"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person74" type="given" value="Vernon"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> St. Martin Outwich. The Prisoner was found breaking out of a celler window. I went with the watchmen, and found the Prisoner in the celler.</p>
<p>Q. What celler?</p>
<p>Vernon. The celler belonging to the parish of St. Ethelburg, and we found the things that were about him, between his shirt and his skin.</p>
<p>Q. What things did you find upon him?</p>
<p>Vernon. There were several sorts of things.</p>
<p>[ There were a saucepan, and a considerable quantity of kitchen furniture produced.]</p>
<persName id="t17480706-6-person75"> Margaret Harman
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person75" type="surname" value="Harman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person75" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-6-person75" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am matron of the workhouse of St. Ethelburg.</p>
<p>Q. Look upon these things, and see whether they belong to the workhouse of St. Ethelburg.</p>
<p>Harman. They do belong to the workhouse; and these things were found upon the Prisoner, between his shirt and his skin.</p>
<p>Q. What was the saucepan found between his shirt and his skin?</p>
<p>Harman. The saucepan he had down in the celler, when he was taken, and there was a warning-pan that he left in the celler.</p>
<p>Q. How long had he been in the house?</p>
<p>Harman. He was passed in on Monday, about eleven o'clock, and this was on the Wednesday after; and if it had not been for a door and a holt, he might have killed me; for he said to me, D - n you, you b - h, if I could get at you, I would do for you.</p>
<p>[It appeared that the Prisoner, since he had been in Newgate, had some signs of deliriousness, and behaved like a crazy man.]</p>
<p>Q. to Harman. Do you know any thing of his deliriousness?</p>
<p>Harman. I do not know; he was there but one day</p>
<rs id="t17480706-6-verdict32" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-6-verdict32" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-7">
<interp inst="t17480706-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-7-off33-c65" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-7-defend77 t17480706-7-off33 t17480706-7-verdict37"/>
<p>322. +
<persName id="t17480706-7-defend77" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Haymour
<interp inst="t17480706-7-defend77" type="surname" value="Haymour"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-defend77" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-defend77" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-7-off33" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-7-off33" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-off33" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing forty shillings in money, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-7-victim79" type="victimName"> Robert Lacey
<interp inst="t17480706-7-victim79" type="surname" value="Lacey"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-victim79" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-victim79" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-7-off33 t17480706-7-victim79"/> </persName> , in the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17480706-7-person80"> Philip Gray
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person80" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person80" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person80" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-7-cd34" type="crimeDate">June 6</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-7-off33 t17480706-7-cd34"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-7-person81"> Robert Lacey
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person81" type="surname" value="Lacey"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person81" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person81" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner lodged in the house that I lodged in, in
<placeName id="t17480706-7-crimeloc35">Shoe Lane, Holborn</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-crimeloc35" type="placeName" value="Shoe Lane, Holborn"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-crimeloc35" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-7-off33 t17480706-7-crimeloc35"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Whose house is it?</p>
<persName id="t17480706-7-person82"> Philip Gray
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person82" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person82" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person82" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's.</p>
<p>Q. When was it that you missed your money?</p>
<p>Lacey. I missed it on the seventh of June.</p>
<p>Q. Where was your money?</p>
<p>Lacey. In a chest.</p>
<p>Q. What money was there in the chest?</p>
<p>Lacey. Upwards of seven pounds.</p>
<p>Q. How much did you lose?</p>
<p>Lacey. Upwards of forty shillings.</p>
<p>Q. Was the chest broke open?</p>
<p>Lacey. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to suspect the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Lacey. Because she went away.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find the chest broke open on the seventh of June?</p>
<p>Lacey. Mr. Gray, that I lodged with, found it broke open.</p>
<p>Q. When was the Prisoner taken?</p>
<p>Lacey. She was taken the seventh of June, and was brought to the house.</p>
<p>Q. Did she make any confession?</p>
<p>Lacey. Yes; she said the chest was broke open, and that a man, who used to come to her, took a piece of iron, in the shape of a chissel, made out of a nail, and broke it open, and she took out the money; and that this man went to the Fleet, and married her there the next day.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know there was forty shillings taken away?</p>
<p>Lacey. There was a Queen Anne's guinea, and upwards of twenty shillings in silver.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any silver left?</p>
<p>Lacey. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any gold left?</p>
<p>Lacey. Yes; there were two more guineas, and two moidores.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060008"/>Q. Where were these?</p>
<p>Lacey. They were in the chest, in a quartern pot.</p>
<p>Q. Were they in the same part of the chest?</p>
<p>Lacey. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-7-person83"> Philip Gray
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person83" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person83" type="given" value="Philip"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person83" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner was brought to my house, when she was taken. She was my
<rs id="t17480706-7-deflabel36" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-7-defend77 t17480706-7-deflabel36"/>.</p>
<p>Q. How long had she been your servant?</p>
<p>Gray. About a month; and she said before the Justice, that a Man broke open the chest, and that she took out the money.</p>
<p>Q. Was you before the Justice with her?</p>
<p>Gray. Yes, my Lord; and she owned, that this man, that broke the chest open, was with her the next day at the Fleet, and married to her.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-7-person84"> John Thrift
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person84" type="surname" value="Thrift"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person84" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was with the Prisoner before the Justice, and she confessed there, that she attempted to break it open, and she could not do it, and that the man broke it open, and that she took the money out.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-7-person85"> Nicholas Casson
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person85" type="surname" value="Casson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person85" type="given" value="Nicholas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-person85" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner owned before the Justice, that she did attempt to break open the chest, but could not do it, and then the man did it, and she took out the money. That is all I know.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-7-verdict37" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-7-verdict37" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-7-verdict37" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Guilty of the Felony, to the value of 39 s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-7-punish38" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-7-punish38" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-7-defend77 t17480706-7-punish38"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-8">
<interp inst="t17480706-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-8" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-8-off39-c73" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-defend87 t17480706-8-off39 t17480706-8-verdict44"/>
<p>323. +
<persName id="t17480706-8-defend87" type="defendantName"> Joseph Saunders
<interp inst="t17480706-8-defend87" type="surname" value="Saunders"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-defend87" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-defend87" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-8-off39" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-8-off39" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-off39" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a silver tankard, value 10 l. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-8-victim89" type="victimName"> William Watts
<interp inst="t17480706-8-victim89" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-victim89" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-victim89" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-off39 t17480706-8-victim89"/> </persName> , in his dwelling-house </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-8-cd40" type="crimeDate">June 25</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-off39 t17480706-8-cd40"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-8-person90"> William Watts
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person90" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person90" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say against the Prisoner, about a silver tankard?</p>
<p>Watts. The Prisoner took my tankard out of my kitchen on Saturday was sev'nnight.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Watts. At the
<placeName id="t17480706-8-crimeloc41">Castle</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-crimeloc41" type="placeName" value="Castle"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-crimeloc41" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-off39 t17480706-8-crimeloc41"/>, just by
<placeName id="t17480706-8-crimeloc42">Great-Moorgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-crimeloc42" type="placeName" value="Great-Moorgate"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-crimeloc42" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-off39 t17480706-8-crimeloc42"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What is the tankard worth?</p>
<p>Watts. I have valued it at ten pounds, and it cost me 11 l. 7 s. last September.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know who took it?</p>
<p>Watts. No.</p>
<p>[The lid of the tankard was produced.]</p>
<p>Q. to Watts. Is that lid yours?</p>
<p>Watts. Yes, I can swear to it by the solder on each side of the lid.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you find that lid?</p>
<p>Watts. It was in the hands of Mr. Scriven, and I had it of him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you swear that to be the lid of the tankard you lost out of your house on Saturday was sev'nnight?</p>
<p>Watts. Yes.</p>
<p>Gibbon Scriven sworn.</p>
<p>Q. You see that lid, and you hear that
<persName id="t17480706-8-person91"> William Watts
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person91" type="surname" value="Watts"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person91" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person91" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> claims it, how did you come by it?</p>
<p>Scriven. On Saturday was sev'nnight, between eleven and twelve, the Prisoner came to my mistres's.</p>
<p>Q. Was it noon or night?</p>
<p>Scriven. It was night,</p>
<p>Q. Who is your mistress?</p>
<p>Scriven. I live with Mrs. Harvey, a pawnbroker in Houndsditch. I had a pretty many customers in the shop when the Prisoner came in, and after they were gone out, he said he wanted to ask me a question; I said, what is it? he asked me whether I bought plate, and I said I did not, unless I knew the person; he shewed me this lid, and I asked what he would have for it, and he asked ten shillings for it; I said, I believed it was stole; he asked me, whether I thought he stole it, and began to make words; I said I would stop it, and advertise it, and I did not doubt but I should find an owner; and I told him, if he would tell me his name, an d place of abode, I would return it him, if it was not owned, and he told me where he lived, but I found it was advertised in the paper: I went to Mr. Watts's with it, and he owned it to be the lid of his tankard.</p>
<p>Q. Did he tell you the right place of his abode?</p>
<p>Scriven. He told me pretty near it, it was in the next street. Mr. Watts sent for the silversmith he bought it of, and he said it was the lid of the tankard he sold Mr. Watts.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I told Mr. Scriven, that I found the lid.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any body by when you found it?</p>
<p>Prisoner. There was a person by, but I don't know where to find him.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-8-person92"> Joseph Rylance
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person92" type="surname" value="Rylance"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person92" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person92" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What business are you?</p>
<p>Rylance. I draw beer for the man at the Castle at Moorgate.</p>
<p>Q. Did you draw any in this tankard for the Prisoner, that night the tankard was lost?</p>
<p>Rylance. I drew two tankards for him that night.</p>
<p>Q. What in this tankard, that was missing afterwards?</p>
<p>Rylance. Yes, and, to the best of my knowledge, this is the same lid. The Prisoner went into the fields with us, under pretence of shewing us where the body of the tankard was; he said, if he had his hands loose, he would tell us where it was.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060009"/>Q. What fields were these?</p>
<p>Rylance. Islington-Fields, by the ditches upon a dunghill.</p>
<p>Q. At that time did he own the taking of the tankard?</p>
<p>Rylance. He owned he had it, but he would not own he took it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I did not own it, for I could never own what I never had; and they kicked me, and beat me about, and used me very ill; they promised me money, half guineas, and two guineas, if I would tell them where it was; and I was willing to accept of it, because I was poor, and wanted money, and I pretended to tell them where it was, but I could not tell.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-8-person93"> William Wilks
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person93" type="surname" value="Wilks"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person93" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make this tankard for Mr. Watts?</p>
<p>Wilks. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the top of the tankard?</p>
<p>Wilks. It is the very same that I sold to Mr. Watts.</p>
<p>Q. What might the value of the tankard be, that you sold to him?</p>
<p>Wilks. He gave me eleven pounds seven shillings for it. When the Prisoner was taken, he said, if we would let him, he would go with us, and shew us where he had hid the tankard.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I did not tell you so.</p>
<p>Wilks. You did tell us so. I will go further yet.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You may go as far as you please.</p>
<p>Wilks. I can go a little further yet. We went with him into the fields, and went on the backside of Islington two or three times; and he told us one place, then another, and we tried to find it, but could not, and then we brought him back before the Justice.</p>
<p>Q. What Justice?</p>
<p>Wilks. Justice Hole; and then he said where he had hid it, and insisted upon that to be the place, but they did not let him go; and there was a letter sent to Mr. White about it, and yesterday, in Newgate, he said he could tell where he had hid it.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any witnesses to call?</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have several here, but they are not come; my wife is here, and I believe she can call them. I have been a master of my business nineteen years, and never was before a Judge in my life before. I was very drunk that night, and I am sometimes mad and lunatick.</p>
<p>Capt. Reuben Harding sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say with regard to this affair?</p>
<p>Harding. My Lord, I know that the Prisoner has been deemed a lunatick person.</p>
<p>Q. When was he deemed so?</p>
<p>Harding. In the year 1745, when I served the office of churchwarden in Whitechapel Parish, and where he then lived, and I confined him to a mad-house.</p>
<p>Q. Was he lunatick at the time he stole this tankard?</p>
<p>Harding. I cannot tell that, my Lord.</p>
<p>Q. How came they to let him abroad?</p>
<p>Harding. I suppose they did not think him so then; he was better for some time, but he was confined again afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that?</p>
<p>Harding. Yes, my Lord, he has been confined in Bethlem, as I have been informed. I knew him a great many years before that, and never knew but what he bore a very good character.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-8-person94"> John Fearnly
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person94" type="surname" value="Fearnly"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person94" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person94" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner six years; he served me with pipes; he is a
<rs id="t17480706-8-deflabel43" type="occupation">pipemaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-defend87 t17480706-8-deflabel43"/>, and I never knew him do any thing amiss in my life; he was taken out of my house, when he was out of his Senses.</p>
<p>Q. When was that?</p>
<p>Fearnly. I believe about three years ago.</p>
<p>Q. How was he in last June?</p>
<p>Fearnly. He was in our house about a week or a fortnight ago, and he said, he seemed to be going that way, and his wife said she believed he was; I was at table with him, and he seemed to look wild.</p>
<p>Q. How long is that ago?</p>
<p>Fearnly. My Lord, I believe it is a fortnight to day.</p>
<p>Q. to
<persName id="t17480706-8-person95"> Joseph Rylance
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person95" type="surname" value="Rylance"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person95" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . At the time the Prisoner was at your house, and you drew the beer for him, was he in, or out of his senses?</p>
<p>Rylance. An please you, my Lord, he was as well in his senses, as he is now.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Here is a gentleman in Court, Mr. Wright, who was drinking with me at the same time, I desire he may be called.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-8-person96"> Richard Wright
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person96" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person96" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-person96" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say on this affair?</p>
<p>Wright. I happened to be drinking in the house the night the tankard was lost, the Prisoner was there, and I thought he was in liquor; I went out of the house, and left him there, but he did not seem to be out of his senses.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I never was accused with wronging any person in my life, for I found the tankard.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060010"/>Rylance. He said he found the tankard at Aldersgate.</p>
<p>The Jury found him
<rs id="t17480706-8-verdict44" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-8-verdict44" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-8-verdict44" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> guilty of the felony, to the value of 39 s </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-8-punish45" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-8-punish45" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-8-defend87 t17480706-8-punish45"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-9">
<interp inst="t17480706-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-9" type="date" value="17480706"/>
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<p>324. +
<persName id="t17480706-9-defend97" type="defendantName"> Catharine Campbell
<interp inst="t17480706-9-defend97" type="surname" value="Campbell"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-defend97" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-defend97" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-9-off46" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-9-off46" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-off46" type="offenceSubcategory" value="shoplifting"/> stealing thirty yards of black mantua silk, value 30 s. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-9-victim99" type="victimName"> Mary Cox
<interp inst="t17480706-9-victim99" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-victim99" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-victim99" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-9-off46 t17480706-9-victim99"/> </persName> , in her shop </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-9-cd47" type="crimeDate">May 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-9-off46 t17480706-9-cd47"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-9-person100"> Mary Cox
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person100" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person100" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person100" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . On the 30th of May that gentlewoman stole thirty yards of from me, out of my shop.</p>
<p>[The silk was produced, and sworn to by Mrs. Cox, to be her property.]</p>
<p>Q. Where was it found?</p>
<p>Cox. It was found in Tucker's-Alley; I heard my mother cry out, stop thief! and one
<persName id="t17480706-9-person101"> Catharine Grimes
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person101" type="surname" value="Grimes"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person101" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person101" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> gave that silk to my mother, and she brought it into the shop again.</p>
<p>Grace Baxter. I am Mrs. Cox's mother; she keeps the shop, and I live with her. I was in the shop, when the Prisoner stole the silk.</p>
<p>Q. What pretence did she come under?</p>
<p>Baxter. No pretence at all. The silk was in a white paper upon the counter, and presently I missed the silk, and I was frightened out of my wits; and I run out of the shop after her, and cried out, stop thief! and she threw it down a baker's cellar.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her throw it down the cellar?</p>
<p>Baxter. I did not; this girl,
<persName id="t17480706-9-person102"> Catharine Grimes
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person102" type="surname" value="Grimes"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person102" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , gave it me, and when the Prisoner was brought back to the shop, she gave me a slap on the face.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lose fight of her?</p>
<p>Baxter. No.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-9-person103"> Catharine Grimes
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person103" type="surname" value="Grimes"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person103" type="given" value="Catharine"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-person103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw the Prisoner about half an hour, looking about Mrs. Cox's door, in
<placeName id="t17480706-9-crimeloc48">Cranbourn-Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-crimeloc48" type="placeName" value="Cranbourn-Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-crimeloc48" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-9-off46 t17480706-9-crimeloc48"/>; she had a child in her arms, and gave the child a half-penny to keep her from crying, and she took the silk out of the shop, and I saw her throw it down a baker's cellar.</p>
<p>Prisoner. My Lord, if you please, I will tell you how it was, from the beginning to the latter end. About two months ago I was ill of a fever, and I had an acquaintance in the Prince of Wales's nursery, and she advised me to go into the Hospital, and I was six weeks there under the physicians hands; and I went that day to the Prince of Wales's, and as I was coming down this street, with the child in my arms, a woman, with a white cloak on, slipped behind the counter, and took something out of the shop, and Mrs. Baxter took hold of me, and gave me a slap on the face, and I gave her another; and as I was not guilty, I did not know why I might not give her another.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-9-verdict49" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-9-verdict49" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-9-verdict49" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty, 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-9-punish50" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-9-punish50" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-9-defend97 t17480706-9-punish50"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-10">
<interp inst="t17480706-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<p>325. + 326 + 327. +
<persName id="t17480706-10-defend104" type="defendantName"> Richard Frost
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend104" type="surname" value="Frost"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend104" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend104" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17480706-10-defend106" type="defendantName"> William Collins
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend106" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend106" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend106" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17480706-10-defend108" type="defendantName"> Fergus Crone
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend108" type="surname" value="Crone"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend108" type="given" value="Fergus"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-defend108" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-10-off51" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-10-off51" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-off51" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17480706-10-victim110" type="victimName"> John Hudson
<interp inst="t17480706-10-victim110" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-victim110" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-victim110" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-off51 t17480706-10-victim110"/> </persName> on the highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a frock, value 3 s. a waistcoat, value 2 s. a pair of breeches, value 1 s. and one shilling in money, his property. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-10-cd52" type="crimeDate">July 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-off51 t17480706-10-cd52"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-10-person111"> John Hudson
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person111" type="surname" value="Hudson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person111" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person111" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Saturday last, between ten and eleven o'clock at night, the Prisoners laid hold of me, and struck me on the head.</p>
<p>Q. Who struck you on the head?</p>
<p>Hudson. Crone did.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Hudson. I am a
<rs id="t17480706-10-viclabel53" type="occupation">haymaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-victim110 t17480706-10-viclabel53"/>.</p>
<p>Q. What did Crone lay hold of you by?</p>
<p>Hudson. By the collar; and he put his hand to my throat, and asked me for my money; and Collins struck me on the side of my head with his hand, and I went down on my knees, and begged for my life.</p>
<p>Q. Did they take all you had?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes, so I was very willing to strip myself.</p>
<p>Q. Did you say so to them?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes, and I pulled off my clothes, so much as my breeches and stockings, myself, and afterwards they threw me into a ditch, and I cried out murder.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them threw you into a ditch?</p>
<p>Hudson. I cannot tell, but I am sure one or two of them pitch'd me into a ditch; and then they took my clothes, and run away, as fast as they could, for London.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any money in your pocket?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes, but I cannot tell justly what it was, but it was silver; I am sure there was a shilling, and they took away all but my hat, wig, and slippers.</p>
<p>Q. Did you overtake any of these three men?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes, I overtook Frost; and he said he was sorry for my distress, and he pitied me very much, and said he went into a ditch to save himself, and he helped me out of the ditch.</p>
<p>Q. Look at those two men again, Collins and Crone, and see whether they are the men.</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes, I am sure they are the men. I saw Frost afterwards, at the White-Swan, and treated him with a pot of beer; and when I saw him, I was sure he was one of the men, and I took him, and carried him before a Justice of the Peace.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060011"/>Q. Did Frost say any thing to you?</p>
<p>Hudson. He did not concern himself in any one thing in the world.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-10-person112"> Alexander Rouchead
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person112" type="surname" value="Rouchead"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person112" type="given" value="Alexander"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Saturday night last,
<persName id="t17480706-10-person113"> Richard Frost
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person113" type="surname" value="Frost"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person113" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> came into the White-Swan, and I heard a scuffle, and saw Frost and Hudson fighting in the publick room: I asked what was the matter, ( Hudson is a servant of mine) and he said, this is one of the men that robbed me; I got Frost into a box, and when Hudson was gone out of the room, I said to Frost: Now you have a shift for yourself, and to impeach the others, and he said he could not hurt him, because he never touched him.</p>
<p>Q. Had Hudson his clothes on?</p>
<p>Rouchead. He had no shoes or stockings, but he had a pair of breeches on.</p>
<p>Q. What did Frost say, after he said he could not hurt him, because he never touched him?</p>
<p>Rouchead. He said the other two robbed him; I asked him the names of the other two, and he said one was
<persName id="t17480706-10-person114"> Fergus Crone
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person114" type="surname" value="Crone"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person114" type="given" value="Fergus"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person114" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and the other
<persName id="t17480706-10-person115"> William Collins
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person115" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person115" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and I set their names down in my pocket-book, and carried Frost to the Round-house.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to enquire after the other two?</p>
<p>Rouchead. Not till I went with Frost before Justice Poulson, and he said the same before the Justice, and desired to be admitted an evidence against the other two, but the Justice committed him to Newgate; and on Monday morning, about six o'clock, I took the constable with me, and went to the guard-room with Hudson, and I said to Hudson, if you see them, shake hands with them, and he did see Collins, and shook hands with him; and as soon as Hudson shook hands with him, I took him by the collar.</p>
<p>Q. Was he upon duty then?</p>
<p>Rouchead. Yes. Frost told me, they were both upon duty, and Crone was in the guard-room at the same time; I secured him, and had them before the Justice, and they were committed : The colonel was a little affronted that I should take them off the guard, and said, he would deliver them up, as soon as the guard was relieved.</p>
<p>Q. What did they say before the Justice?</p>
<p>Rouchead. They had a great many frivolous excuses, and Hudson said he had got into a skittle-ground with them at play, at the White-Horse, on the other side of Kilburn-Turnpike.</p>
<p>Jury. Did Justice Poulson admit Frost as an evidence?</p>
<p>Rouchead. He would have admitted him to have been an evidence at first, and Frost said he never touched the man, but knew the other two that did it; and afterwards Frost would have been an evidence, but the Justice told him he should have spoke sooner, it was too late, or else I believe he would have been admitted an evidence.</p>
<p>Pris. Collins. I said to the Prosecutor, if you have a mind to be a soldier, I can help you to money for us all, and I put my hand in his pocket, and put sixpence into it, and presently afterwards he was stripped, in order to fight my comrade, Crone, and he stripped himself stark naked, and said, he would not go along with us.</p>
<p>Q. You thought you had inlisted him then?</p>
<p>Collins. Yes; I put the sixpence into his pocket to be sure, and I thought he would be a soldier, for he said he would go through the world with me.</p>
<p>Q. What was the occasion of his stripping?</p>
<p>Collins. He was going to fight with my comrade, and I said there was no occasion to pull his clothes off.</p>
<p>Q. But you took his clothes away?</p>
<p>Collins. I never took any of his clothes, to take them away.</p>
<p>Pris. Crone. The Prosecutor challenged to fight with me, and I said I would not fight with him, and I went away directly.</p>
<p>Pris. Frost. I had been a haymaking, and the Prosecutor had left his fork in pawn for a penny; he followed me stark naked; I went into a house to drink a pint of beer, and the Prosecutor came in, and challenged me with robbing him.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-10-person116"> Thomas Matthews
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person116" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person116" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person116" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am paymaster-sergeant of the company that Collins and Crone belong to, and no men have behaved better than they have done.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear any harm of them before?</p>
<p>Matthews. Never, and they were always men that came as clean to their duty, as any men in the world; my colonel,
<persName id="t17480706-10-person117"> Joseph York
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person117" type="surname" value="York"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person117" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , is abroad, but if he was here, he would give them the same character as I do.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-10-person118"> William Hannibel
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person118" type="surname" value="Hannibel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person118" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am paymaster-sergeant of the company that Frost belongs to, and he has behaved incomparably well. I never knew any thing against him.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the other two?</p>
<p>Hannibel. I have known them upon duty, and they always behaved well.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-10-person119"> William Hanover
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person119" type="surname" value="Hanover"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person119" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Frost lodged with me when he first entered for a
<rs id="t17480706-10-deflabel54" type="occupation">soldier</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-defend104 t17480706-10-deflabel54"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-defend106 t17480706-10-deflabel54"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-defend108 t17480706-10-deflabel54"/>, and he always behaved well.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060012"/>
<persName id="t17480706-10-person120"> Thomas Davison
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person120" type="surname" value="Davison"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person120" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Frost always behaved well, and I lived with him about a month.</p>
<p>[ The Jury desired that John Hudson might be called again, and desired they might ask him the following questions. ]</p>
<p>Q. to Hudson. Was you playing with these people at skittles?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes, two or three games.</p>
<p>Q. Did they call one another by their names?</p>
<p>Hudson. No, only comrade, and comrade.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any drink after you played?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes; after we had done, every man had a pint of beer.</p>
<p>Q. Did you pay for it?</p>
<p>Hudson. Yes; I laid a penny down, and left my pitchfork for the halfpenny.</p>
<p>Q. Did any body talk of putting sixpence into your pocket?</p>
<p>Hudson. I never heard such a word, as I wish God to be my judge.</p>
<p>Q. Did they say any thing to you about inlisting?</p>
<p>Hudson. No, they never said any such thing, as God is my judge.</p>
<p>Q. Now if you paid a penny, and left your pitchfork for a halfpenny, how could you have a shilling for them to take?</p>
<p>Hudson. That shilling was to pay for my lodging and washing.</p>
<p>Q. How much did you receive?</p>
<p>Hudson. I received three shillings, all but twopence.</p>
<p>Q. When was you paid?</p>
<p>Hudson. On Saturday, the same day.</p>
<p>Q. What did you do with the rest of the money?</p>
<p>Hudson. I paid it where it was owing.</p>
<p>Q. I desire to know how you came by those breeches, which Rouchead says you had on, when you came into the alehouse, if you was stripped of all your clothes?</p>
<p>Hudson. I left the breeches, and a waistcoat, at one Jones's, and as I was returning home along with Frost, I took that pair of breeches and waistcoat.</p>
<p>Frost was
<rs id="t17480706-10-verdict55" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-10-verdict55" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, and the Jury found Collins and Crone
<rs id="t17480706-10-verdict56" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-10-verdict56" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-10-verdict56" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> guilty of the felony, but acquitted them of the robbery </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-10-punish57" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-10-punish57" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-defend106 t17480706-10-punish57"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-10-defend108 t17480706-10-punish57"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-11">
<interp inst="t17480706-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11" type="date" value="17480706"/>
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<persName id="t17480706-11-defend122" type="defendantName"> John Collins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-defend122" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-defend122" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-defend122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-11-alias-1" type="alias">Collings</rs>, was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17480706-11-off58" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-11-off58" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-off58" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> he, on the 18th of December, 1731, at the parish of St. Ann, Black-Friars, did marry
<persName id="t17480706-11-victim124" type="victimName"> Alice Vintyman
<interp inst="t17480706-11-victim124" type="surname" value="Vintyman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-victim124" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-victim124" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow; and that he afterwards, to wit, on the
<rs id="t17480706-11-cd59" type="crimeDate">26th of May, 1748</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-11-off58 t17480706-11-cd59"/>, at the parish of
<placeName id="t17480706-11-crimeloc60">St. Botolph, Bishopgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-crimeloc60" type="placeName" value="St. Botolph, Bishopgate"/>
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<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-11-off58 t17480706-11-crimeloc60"/>, did feloniously, and unlawfully, marry, and to wife take,
<persName id="t17480706-11-victim125" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Watkins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-victim125" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-victim125" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-victim125" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow, his said wife, Alice being living, and in full life </rs>, against the Statute in that case made and provided.</p>
<p>Council for the Prosecutrix. My Lord, I am council in behalf of the Prosecutrix, the poor unfortunate woman, who is married to the Prisoner, and married him, thinking him to be sole, tho' he had a wife living. Gentlemen, the Prisoner got into the Charter-House, and there is no body can get into the Charter-House without being single *, and, upon proof of his being married, he was turned out. He afterwards got into company with one Mrs.
<persName id="t17480706-11-person126"> Elizabeth Watkins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person126" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person126" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person126" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , widow, and she thought the Prisoner would make her a good husband, and consented to be married to him. Gentlemen, we shall call our witnesses to prove the first and second marriages, and if we do, no doubt but you will find the Prisoner guilty; for this is gross adultery.</p>
<p>* The person must make an affidavit that he is single, before he can be admitted.</p>
<p>Rev. Dr. Grainger, rector of Black-Friars, sworn.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Do you know any thing of the marriage of
<persName id="t17480706-11-person127"> John Collins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person127" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person127" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17480706-11-person128"> Alice Vintyman
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person128" type="surname" value="Vintyman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person128" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person128" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Grainger. Yes, I do.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Have you got the register here?</p>
<p>Grainger. Yes. [ The register was produced.]</p>
<p>This is seventeen years ago; it is the 18th of December, 1721,
<persName id="t17480706-11-person129"> John Collins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person129" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person129" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person129" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17480706-11-person130"> Alice Vintyman
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person130" type="surname" value="Vintyman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person130" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person130" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> were married; it is entered,
<persName id="t17480706-11-person131"> John Collins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person131" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person131" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of St. Giles's, Cripplegate, and
<persName id="t17480706-11-person132"> Alice Vintyman
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person132" type="surname" value="Vintyman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person132" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person132" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of All-Saints, London, widow.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-11-person133"> Robert Hayward
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person133" type="surname" value="Hayward"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person133" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Do you know Collins?</p>
<p>Hayward. Yes.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Did you know him seventeen years ago?</p>
<p>Hayward. About seventeen years ago the Prisoner married Alice Vintyman, and she lost her freedom, by marrying a foreigner; she kept a publick-house in All-Hallows, Thames-Street, and afterwards lived in Distaff-Lane.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Did they live together as man and wife?</p>
<p>Hayward. She always owned him as her husband, and went by the name of Collins.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Do you know any thing of Collins's owning her to be his wife?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060013"/>Hayward. Her son,
<persName id="t17480706-11-person134"> Benjamin Vintyman
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person134" type="surname" value="Vintyman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person134" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person134" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , died in Collins's house, in Distaff-Lane, and I buried the deceased person from that house.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Then you know nothing of this but by the general report of people.</p>
<p>Hayward. No: I know the son was very much displeased at it.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. When did you see this Mrs. Collins, that was Vintyman?</p>
<p>Hayward. I have not seen her these three or four years, to my knowledge.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-11-person135"> John Warner
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person135" type="surname" value="Warner"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person135" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person135" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Do you know the person, who was
<persName id="t17480706-11-person136"> Alice Vintyman
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person136" type="surname" value="Vintyman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person136" type="given" value="Alice"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person136" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Warner. Yes, I lived over against her; I have seen her at my own house many a time, but I know nothing of their being married; I know they passed as man and wife.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Did he behave to her as man and wife?</p>
<p>Warner. It was said that he did.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Do you know that he ever acknowledged her to be his wife?</p>
<p>Warner. Yes, many a time; the Prisoner kept my books for me.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Warner. I live at Trigg-Stairs.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. You say you knew this Vintyman; when did you see her last?</p>
<p>Warner. I saw her last Tuesday.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Was she living, and well then?</p>
<p>Warner. Yes.</p>
<p>Jury. It is very plain that she was married, or she could not have lost her freedom; and if fifty witnesses were called, it would be only losing time.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-11-person137"> Elizabeth Watkins
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person137" type="surname" value="Watkins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person137" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person137" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Watkins. Yes.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Are you married to him?</p>
<p>Watkins. Yes; I was married to him the 26th of May last, (it was six weeks yesterday) at St. Botolph, Bishopsgate.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. How came you to discover that he was a married man?</p>
<p>Watkins. My maid-servant told me that he was a married man.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Was you married by a clergyman of the Church of England?</p>
<p>Watkins. Yes.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Who was you married by?</p>
<p>Watkins. I think it was Mr. Warren.</p>
<p>[The Prosecutor's council produced a letter, and delivered it into Court.]</p>
<p>Q. Look upon that letter, have you seen this before?</p>
<p>Watkins. I received it from his own daughter's hand.</p>
<p>Q. Is that his own hand-writing?</p>
<p>Watkins. It is his own hand-writing.</p>
<p>Q. Do you swear it to be his hand-writing?</p>
<p>Watson. Yes.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. This is not directed to any body. I question whether they can read.</p>
<p>Q. to Watkins. Have you seen him write?</p>
<p>Watkins. Yes, many a time.</p>
<p>[The letter was ordered to be read, which was as follows.]</p>
<p>'' My dearest wife,</p>
<p>'' As I always shall term you, for the other '' is, by agreement, to me no more, than one that '' I never saw; and might I have 10,000 l. shall '' never live with her, being more than divorced '' from her, in the sight of the Almighty; and '' therefore, notwithstanding the vile character '' that miscreant may have given you of me, '' I shall ever remain your sincere friend; and before '' I would wrong you, or your children, of a '' penny. I would first put my hand into the fire, '' and burn, having nothing more at heart, of '' all worldly things, than to secure you in your '' property, and shall ever be devoted to your '' service, and am</p>
<p>'' Your most affectionate husband, '' whilst I am, ''
<persName id="t17480706-11-person138"> JOHN COLLINGS
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person138" type="surname" value="COLLINGS"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person138" type="given" value="JOHN"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>26 June, 1743.</p>
<p>Q. to Mrs. Watkins. What did he say to you, when you discovered this?</p>
<p>Watkins. He said he had another woman, and he knew it was against the laws of the land, but it was not against the law of God.</p>
<p>Q. Did he come and live with you, after marriage, as man and wife?</p>
<p>Watkins. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-11-person139"> John Mitchell
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person139" type="surname" value="Mitchell"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person139" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-person139" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know that man at the bar?</p>
<p>Mitchell. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mrs. Watkins?</p>
<p>Mitchell. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her married to Collings?</p>
<p>Mitchell. Yes; I gave her away.</p>
<p>Q. At what church?</p>
<p>Mitchell. At St. Botolph, Bishopsgate.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I would have put this off, and I would not have married; and she told me, if I would not marry her soon, she would not have me at all. I told her, I had a woman that I had kept company with sixteen years; but I never said any thing of marriage to her.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060014"/>Q. I think she was in the right of it, for people are not to be dallied with for ever.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-11-verdict61" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-11-verdict61" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-11-punish62" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-11-punish62" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-11-punish62" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-11-defend122 t17480706-11-punish62"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
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<persName id="t17480706-12-defend141" type="defendantName"> Sarah Skarrett
<interp inst="t17480706-12-defend141" type="surname" value="Skarrett"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-defend141" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-defend141" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-12-deflabel63" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-12-defend141 t17480706-12-deflabel63"/> of
<persName id="t17480706-12-person142"> Joseph Skarrett
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person142" type="surname" value="Skarrett"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person142" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person142" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-12-defloc64">St. Mary, Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-defloc64" type="placeName" value="St. Mary, Whitechapel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-defloc64" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-12-defend141 t17480706-12-defloc64"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-12-off65" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-12-off65" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-off65" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing twenty yards of ribband, value ten shillings, and a quantity of Ferrit, &c </rs>. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-12-victim144" type="victimName"> Maria Burgland
<interp inst="t17480706-12-victim144" type="surname" value="Burgland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-victim144" type="given" value="Maria"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-victim144" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-12-off65 t17480706-12-victim144"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-12-cd66" type="crimeDate">June 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-12-off65 t17480706-12-cd66"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-12-person145"> Maria Burgland
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person145" type="surname" value="Burgland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person145" type="given" value="Maria"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person145" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and
<persName id="t17480706-12-person146"> Elizabeth Clowder
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person146" type="surname" value="Clowder"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person146" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-12-person146" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> being bound in recognizances to give evidence against the Prisoner, and they not appearing, the Prisoner was
<rs id="t17480706-12-verdict67" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-12-verdict67" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, and the Court ordered their recognizances to be estreated.</p> </div1>
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<p>330. +
<persName id="t17480706-13-defend147" type="defendantName"> John Garland
<interp inst="t17480706-13-defend147" type="surname" value="Garland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-defend147" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-defend147" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-13-defloc68">St. George the Martyr</placeName>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-13-defend147 t17480706-13-defloc68"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-13-off69" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-13-off69" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-off69" type="offenceSubcategory" value="burglary"/> breaking and entering the dwelling-house of
<persName id="t17480706-13-victim149" type="victimName"> John Barnard
<interp inst="t17480706-13-victim149" type="surname" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-victim149" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-victim149" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-13-off69 t17480706-13-victim149"/> </persName> , about the hour of one in the night, with intent to steal </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-13-cd70" type="crimeDate">July 3</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-13-off69 t17480706-13-cd70"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-13-person150"> John Barnard
<interp inst="t17480706-13-person150" type="surname" value="Barnard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-person150" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-13-person150" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Last Sunday morning, about three o'clock, my maid heard a noise, and told me, the house was broke open; a little afterwards I heard another noise, and the Prisoner had left his shoes, and by these shoes there was a ladder standing at the window, which was left there, (as the house was repairing,) and had been there for a fortnight before.</p>
<p>Q. What was the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Barnard. He was a
<rs id="t17480706-13-deflabel71" type="occupation">bricklayer's labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-13-defend147 t17480706-13-deflabel71"/>, and had worked for the person who does my work, and had worked there ever since Easter.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the windows were shut at night?</p>
<p>Barnard. I cannot say they were; it is possible they might be left open upon the account of the beat.</p>
<p>Q. What sort of a house do you keep?</p>
<p>Barnard. I have two houses together; the house that he broke into is let to two gentlewomen, and the other I live in myself, in Fisher's-Street, Red-lion-Square. The watchman was called by one of the maid-servants, and found the Prisoner wrapped up in a blanket, in my kitchen, lying upon two chairs.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was drunk that Saturday night, and one of the plumber's men was as drunk as I, and whether I went in at the house, the two ladies live in, or not, I cannot rightly tell.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-13-verdict72" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-13-verdict72" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<p>331. +
<persName id="t17480706-14-defend152" type="defendantName"> Mary Davis
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<interp inst="t17480706-14-defend152" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-defend152" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
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<interp inst="t17480706-14-off74" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-off74" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two guineas, value forty-two shillings, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-14-victim154" type="victimName"> Samuel Hewitt
<interp inst="t17480706-14-victim154" type="surname" value="Hewitt"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-victim154" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-victim154" type="gender" value="male"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-14-person155" type="surname" value="Brooker"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person155" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-14-cd75" type="crimeDate">June 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-14-off74 t17480706-14-cd75"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-14-person156"> Samuel Hewitt
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person156" type="surname" value="Hewitt"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person156" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person156" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner is the
<rs id="t17480706-14-deflabel76" type="occupation">girl</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-14-defend152 t17480706-14-deflabel76"/> that robbed me of two guineas.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see her take it?</p>
<p>Hewitt. No; but she confessed the taking it before Justice Berry, out of a chest of drawers in Mr. Brooker's house.</p>
<p>Q. In whose custody were these two guineas?</p>
<p>Hewitt. In my sister's; I gave them to her to keep for me.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-14-person157"> Elizabeth Brooker
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person157" type="surname" value="Brooker"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person157" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person157" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . About a fortnight ago my brother gave me two guineas to keep for him.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you put this money?</p>
<p>Brooker. In a chest of drawers, but I do not know whether they were locked up.</p>
<p>Q. Did she live with you as a servant?</p>
<p>Brooker. She used to come backward and forward, to play with the children for a bit of victuals.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the Prisoner's taking this?</p>
<p>Brooker. No, only as she confessed it before the Justice; she said she pulled the drawers open, and took it; she did not say what she took it for.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-14-person158"> Elizabeth Davis
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person158" type="surname" value="Davis"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person158" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-14-person158" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , the Prisoner's grandmother, was asked the Prisoner's age, and she said, she did not know whether she was under or over fourteen, but that she was there away.]</p>
<p>Hewitt. I had thirteen shillings and sixpence of my money again, and I would not have prosecuted the Prisoner, but her friends threatened to prosecute me, if I did not.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-14-verdict77" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-14-verdict77" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-15">
<interp inst="t17480706-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-15-off79-c133" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-15-defend159 t17480706-15-off79 t17480706-15-verdict82"/>
<p>332. +
<persName id="t17480706-15-defend159" type="defendantName"> John Wright
<interp inst="t17480706-15-defend159" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-defend159" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-defend159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-15-defloc78">St. Paul, Shadwell</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-defloc78" type="placeName" value="St. Paul, Shadwell"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-defloc78" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-15-defend159 t17480706-15-defloc78"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-15-off79" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-15-off79" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-off79" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17480706-15-victim161" type="victimName"> William Bridgman
<interp inst="t17480706-15-victim161" type="surname" value="Bridgman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-victim161" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-victim161" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-15-off79 t17480706-15-victim161"/> </persName> on the highway, putting him in fear, and taking from him a hat, value 5 s. and a peruke, value 15 s his property </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-15-cd80" type="crimeDate">April 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-15-off79 t17480706-15-cd80"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person162"> William Bridgman
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person162" type="surname" value="Bridgman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person162" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the eighteenth of April, about half an hour after ten in the evening, I was going along
<placeName id="t17480706-15-crimeloc81">Ratcliff Highway</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-crimeloc81" type="placeName" value="Ratcliff Highway"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-crimeloc81" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-15-off79 t17480706-15-crimeloc81"/>, and a man gave me a great blow on my neck, and took my hat and wig, and run away; he did not knock me down, but I had much ado to recover myself. I have never seen my hat and wig since, and I never saw the gentleman, till I saw him before the Justice.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person163"> Mary Matthews
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person163" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person163" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person163" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Some time last April he came into Leach's house a little after ten in the evening, and I served him with a dram; presently afterwards he went out of the house, and in about a minute or two I saw him give this gentleman a drive at his head, and he snatched his hat and wig off his head, and run down Chambers-Street
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060015"/> with it. I am sure he is the man; I have known him for years.</p>
<p>Bridgman. I am sure I was served so, that is all I know.</p>
<p>Jury to Bridgman. Did you know any thing of this gin-shop?</p>
<p>Bridgman. No, I did not. There was a house near, and the Prisoner run into that house; I said to the officer, go into that house, for the man is run in there; the house was searched, but he was not found there. I had about 50 l. in my pocket, and, I suppose, if I had not stood upon my legs, I should have lost that.</p>
<p>Jury. Is
<persName id="t17480706-15-person164"> Mary Matthews
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person164" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person164" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person164" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> a Prisoner?</p>
<p>Matthews. I am in custody; I was not taken up, but came as a voluntary evidence.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know where the Prisoner lives?</p>
<p>Matthews. He lives in the Back-Lane, Ratcliff-Highway, by Chamber's-Street, about a quarter of a mile from where this was done.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person165"> Ann Tennant
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person165" type="surname" value="Tennant"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person165" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person165" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I nursed the Prisoner's wife; and the same night it was reported, that the hat and wig was lost, he was at home frying liver and bacon.</p>
<p>Q. What day of the month was that?</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person166"> Ann Tennant
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person166" type="surname" value="Tennant"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person166" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person166" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I cannot tell the day, for I can neither read nor write; it was between eight and nine at night, and he did not go out afterwards, for I lay there all night, and we went to bed between nine and ten.</p>
<p>Q. How far is the room he lies in from the room you lay in?</p>
<p>Tennant. They are close together; one is a fore room, and the other a back room.</p>
<p>Q. Is it not possible, that he might go out, and you not hear him?</p>
<p>Tennant. No, I never sleep so heavy as that.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person167"> George Stannett
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person167" type="surname" value="Stannett"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person167" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person167" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner's father and mother these twenty years, and I never heard any harm of him in my life.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person168"> Richard Eyres
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person168" type="surname" value="Eyres"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person168" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person168" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a rope-yard; the Prisoner has worked with me at different times; I never heard any harm of him; his father is a ropemaker, and as honest a man as any in the world.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-15-person169"> Thomas Webb
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person169" type="surname" value="Webb"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person169" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-15-person169" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner has worked for me sometimes at jobbing.</p>
<p>Q. What is his character?</p>
<p>Webb. Middling, I believe; I never heard that he was taken up before.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-15-verdict82" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-15-verdict82" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-16">
<interp inst="t17480706-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-16-off83-c143" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-16-defend171 t17480706-16-off83 t17480706-16-verdict85"/>
<persName id="t17480706-16-defend171" type="defendantName"> Peter Herba
<interp inst="t17480706-16-defend171" type="surname" value="Herba"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-defend171" type="given" value="Peter"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-defend171" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-16-off83" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-16-off83" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-off83" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing three shillings and nine pence halfpenny in money, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-16-victim173" type="victimName"> Samuel Ironmonger
<interp inst="t17480706-16-victim173" type="surname" value="Ironmonger"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-victim173" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-victim173" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and two shillings, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-16-victim175" type="victimName"> Daniel Yates
<interp inst="t17480706-16-victim175" type="surname" value="Yates"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-victim175" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-victim175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-16-cd84" type="crimeDate">June 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-16-off83 t17480706-16-cd84"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-16-verdict85" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-16-verdict85" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-verdict85" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-16-punish86" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-16-punish86" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-16-punish86" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-16-defend171 t17480706-16-punish86"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-17">
<interp inst="t17480706-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-17-off87-c146" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-17-defend177 t17480706-17-off87 t17480706-17-verdict89"/>
<persName id="t17480706-17-defend177" type="defendantName"> Henry Grafton
<interp inst="t17480706-17-defend177" type="surname" value="Grafton"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17-defend177" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17-defend177" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-17-alias-2" type="alias">Taylor</rs>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-17-off87" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-17-off87" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17-off87" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a great coat, value 13 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-17-victim179" type="victimName"> George Birch
<interp inst="t17480706-17-victim179" type="surname" value="Birch"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17-victim179" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-17-victim179" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-17-off87 t17480706-17-victim179"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-17-cd88" type="crimeDate">June 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-17-off87 t17480706-17-cd88"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-17-verdict89" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-17-verdict89" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-18">
<interp inst="t17480706-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-18-off91-c148" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-18-defend181 t17480706-18-off91 t17480706-18-verdict94"/>
<persName id="t17480706-18-defend181" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Tolly
<interp inst="t17480706-18-defend181" type="surname" value="Tolly"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-defend181" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-defend181" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-18-defloc90">St. Bride's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-defloc90" type="placeName" value="St. Bride's"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-defloc90" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-18-defend181 t17480706-18-defloc90"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-18-off91" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-18-off91" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-off91" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a shirt, a pair of hose, a handkerchief, and a tea-spoon </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-18-victim183" type="victimName"> Thomas Broomwich
<interp inst="t17480706-18-victim183" type="surname" value="Broomwich"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-victim183" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-18-victim183" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-18-off91 t17480706-18-victim183"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-18-cd92" type="crimeDate">March 21</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-18-off91 t17480706-18-cd92"/>.</p>
<p>Mr. Broomwich said that he is a
<rs id="t17480706-18-viclabel93" type="occupation">leather-gilder</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-18-victim183 t17480706-18-viclabel93"/>, that the Prisoner worked with him, and till this thing happened, he had a good opinion of her. Several people gave her a very good character.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-18-verdict94" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-18-verdict94" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-19">
<interp inst="t17480706-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-19-off96-c150" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-19-defend185 t17480706-19-off96 t17480706-19-verdict98"/>
<persName id="t17480706-19-defend185" type="defendantName"> Phebe Hayne
<interp inst="t17480706-19-defend185" type="surname" value="Hayne"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-defend185" type="given" value="Phebe"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-defend185" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-19-defloc95">Sepulchre's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-defloc95" type="placeName" value="Sepulchre's"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-defloc95" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-19-defend185 t17480706-19-defloc95"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-19-off96" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-19-off96" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-off96" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a hat, a pair of shoes, two petticoats, four yards of dimitty, a commonprayer book, &c </rs>. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-19-victim187" type="victimName"> Richard Gunn
<interp inst="t17480706-19-victim187" type="surname" value="Gunn"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-victim187" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-victim187" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-19-off96 t17480706-19-victim187"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-19-cd97" type="crimeDate">June 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-19-off96 t17480706-19-cd97"/>.</p>
<p>It appeared, that the Prisoner nursed Mrs. Gunn in a miscarriage, and stole these things at different times.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-19-verdict98" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-19-verdict98" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-verdict98" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-19-punish99" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-19-punish99" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-19-punish99" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-19-defend185 t17480706-19-punish99"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-20">
<interp inst="t17480706-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-20-off100-c152" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-20-defend189 t17480706-20-off100 t17480706-20-verdict102"/>
<persName id="t17480706-20-defend189" type="defendantName"> William Nicholls
<interp inst="t17480706-20-defend189" type="surname" value="Nicholls"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20-defend189" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20-defend189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-20-off100" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-20-off100" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20-off100" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing nine pounds weight of brass </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-20-victim191" type="victimName"> Richard Smith
<interp inst="t17480706-20-victim191" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20-victim191" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20-victim191" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-20-off100 t17480706-20-victim191"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-20-cd101" type="crimeDate">June 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-20-off100 t17480706-20-cd101"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-20-verdict102" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-20-verdict102" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-20-verdict102" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<p>The Prisoner was
<rs id="t17480706-20-deflabel103" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-20-defend189 t17480706-20-deflabel103"/> to Mr. Smith; and Mr. Smith said he was a very good workman, and a very ingenious boy; the Prisoner begged of Mr. Smith to take him again, but he would not agree to it.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-20-punish104" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-20-punish104" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-20-defend189 t17480706-20-punish104"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-21">
<interp inst="t17480706-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-21" type="date" value="17480706"/>
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<persName id="t17480706-21-defend193" type="defendantName"> William Clarenbolt
<interp inst="t17480706-21-defend193" type="surname" value="Clarenbolt"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-defend193" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-defend193" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480706-21-defloc105">St. George, in Middlesex</placeName>
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<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-21-defend193 t17480706-21-defloc105"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-21-off106" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-21-off106" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-off106" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17480706-21-person194"> Thomas Milward
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person194" type="surname" value="Milward"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person194" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and feloniously demanding the money of the said Thomas, with an intent to rob him </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-21-cd107" type="crimeDate">May 30</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-21-off106 t17480706-21-cd107"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-21-person195"> Tho Milward
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person195" type="surname" value="Milward"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person195" type="given" value="Tho"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person195" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had been taking leave of some captains at the Hermitage, and as I was walking by the two sugar houses, by
<placeName id="t17480706-21-crimeloc108">Well-Close-Square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-crimeloc108" type="placeName" value="Well-Close-Square"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-crimeloc108" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-21-off106 t17480706-21-crimeloc108"/>, about twelve o'clock at night, I was suspicious of a man that was going along in the highway; the Prisoner did not know me, and I did not know him at first, though I have drank with him many a time. I took my watch out of my fob, and put it into my coat pocket, and I was not afraid to see any body, for I had not much money in my pocket: He came up to me, and said, D - n you, Sir, your money. I struck him on the hand, run after him, and called out watch; and at the end of Neptune-Street there were two watchmen;
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060016"/> and he said, D - n you, Sir, I am not afraid of you, if you want me, I will come up to you; and just by a warehouse, which I rent of Alderman Parsons, we seized him, and took him to the watch-house in Well Close-Square.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. How long have you known the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Milward. Twenty years.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Has he been evidence in any cause in which you was concerned?</p>
<p>Milward. I owe no body any ill will.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. I ask you whether he has, or has not?</p>
<p>Milward. I don't know but he may.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. When you called out stop thief, did not he run back towards you?</p>
<p>Milward. I did not call out stop thief, I called out watch.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. What did you charge him with, when you carried him to the watch-house?</p>
<p>Milward. I will tell you, Sir; I never knew a
<rs id="t17480706-21-deflabel109" type="occupation">ropemaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-21-defend193 t17480706-21-deflabel109"/> hanged, and I was not willing to hang him, and I only charged him wit h an assault.</p>
<p>Pros. Coun. Had he any weapon with him?</p>
<p>Milward. I don't say that he had.</p>
<p>Court. Did he demand your money of you?</p>
<p>Milward. Yes; he said, D - n you, Sir, your money, and I struck him; he then run away, and I run after him like lightening.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was going along with two women, and one of them stopped to tie her garter; I said, my dear, shall I tie it for you? then I was in the highway, and Mr. Milward called after me, and said, you rogue, have I got you? and charged the watch with me; I said, Gentlemen, shall I go along with you? and I did go along with them; but he only said, that I had abused him, and assaulted him.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-21-person196"> Robert Harrison
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person196" type="surname" value="Harrison"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person196" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person196" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (a watchman). There was watch called in Neptune-Street, and Mr. Milward came up, and said, What is the matter? and he desired the women to charge us with the Prisoner, but they would not, and then Mr. Milward charged us to take him to the watch-house.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. What did he say he had done to him?</p>
<p>Harrison. He charged him with an assault.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Did the Prisoner call him by his name?</p>
<p>Harrison. He said, What do you want with me, Mr. Milward?</p>
<persName id="t17480706-21-person197"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person197" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person197" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (a watchman). Mr. Milward would have had the two women have charged us with the Prisoner, but they would not; Mr. Milward was running after the Prisoner, and called out, Watch! Watch! and the Prisoner said, You need not call watch, for I will come to you directly.</p>
<p>Mr. Spencer (the constable). At the watch-house, Mr. Milward charged the Prisoner with an assault, and threatening to blow out his brains.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Did you see any pistol about him?</p>
<p>Milward. He had none with him.</p>
<p>Court. Did you see any women with the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Milward. I did not see any women with him, as I am here standing, before God and man; he came up by himself, though these two rogues of watchmen swear so.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. And did not you desire any women to charge the watch with the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Milward. No.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Was you sober, or not?</p>
<p>Milward. I was as sober as I am now.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Mr. Milward's spite will appear.</p>
<p>Mr. Touchfield call'd.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Do you know Mr. Milward?</p>
<p>Touchfield. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever hear him say any thing about the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Touchfield. Nothing.</p>
<p>Pris Coun. What is the character of the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Touchfield. Nothing bad.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Does he bear the character of a sober and industrious man?</p>
<p>Touchfield. I know nothing tricking in him; I know him to be a man that follows his business, and does as other men do, and I believe he is an honest man.</p>
<p>Mr. Eyres (a ropemaker). The Prisoner is a ropemaker, and a very honest man, and I hope I shall employ him again. There is a spleen in the case; he was an evidence against his son. The Prosecutor has drove him away from his work by a press-gang, and the Prisoner said he was afraid to come to work, for fear he should send him on board a man of war. I take this, upon my life, to be only spite.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-21-person198"> Thomas Webb
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person198" type="surname" value="Webb"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person198" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner served me seven years honestly and truly, and I take him to be an honest man.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-21-person199"> George Stannard
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person199" type="surname" value="Stannard"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person199" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-21-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner twenty-seven years, and he has the character of an honest man.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Do you think he would do a bad thing?</p>
<p>Stannard. No more than I think you would, or any body else.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-21-verdict110" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-21-verdict110" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-22" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060017"/>339.
<persName id="t17480706-22-defend201" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Murphy
<interp inst="t17480706-22-defend201" type="surname" value="Murphy"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-22-defend201" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-22-defend201" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-22-off111" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-22-off111" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-22-off111" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a pair of sheets, &c. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-22-victim203" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Waters
<interp inst="t17480706-22-victim203" type="surname" value="Waters"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-22-victim203" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-22-victim203" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-22-off111 t17480706-22-victim203"/> </persName> , in her lodging </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-22-cd112" type="crimeDate">June 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-22-off111 t17480706-22-cd112"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-22-verdict113" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-22-verdict113" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-23-off114-c163" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-23-defend205 t17480706-23-off114 t17480706-23-verdict115"/>
<persName id="t17480706-23-defend205" type="defendantName"> Francis Buckley
<interp inst="t17480706-23-defend205" type="surname" value="Buckley"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23-defend205" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23-defend205" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-23-off114" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-23-off114" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23-off114" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a coat, value 10 s. a jacket, value 5 s. and a quadrant, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-23-victim207" type="victimName"> Thomas Buckland
<interp inst="t17480706-23-victim207" type="surname" value="Buckland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23-victim207" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-23-victim207" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-23-off114 t17480706-23-victim207"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17480706-23-verdict115" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-23-verdict115" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
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<interp inst="t17480706-23-punish116" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-23-defend205 t17480706-23-punish116"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-24" type="date" value="17480706"/>
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<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-24-off117-c167" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-24-defend210 t17480706-24-off117 t17480706-24-verdict120"/>
<p>341. 342. 343.
<persName id="t17480706-24-defend208" type="defendantName"> Jane Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend208" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend208" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend208" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17480706-24-defend209" type="defendantName"> Margaret Sutherland
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend209" type="surname" value="Sutherland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend209" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend209" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17480706-24-defend210" type="defendantName"> Sarah Morris
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend210" type="surname" value="Morris"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend210" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-defend210" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-24-off117" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-24-off117" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-off117" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a gold ring, value 2 s. a pair of buckles, value 4 s. a lawn apron, value 4 s. a cap, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-24-victim211" type="victimName"> Eleanor Sands
<interp inst="t17480706-24-victim211" type="surname" value="Sands"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-victim211" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-victim211" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-24-off117 t17480706-24-victim211"/> </persName> , spinster,
<rs id="t17480706-24-cd118" type="crimeDate">June 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-24-off117 t17480706-24-cd118"/>.</p>
<p>Eleanor Sands. My Lord, I can only say that I was robbed, and I can swear to my goods, which I had from the man in whose house I was robbed; and they owned all before the Justice of the Peace. The buckles were in my shoes, the ring upon my finger, the cap was on my head, and my apron was on.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this done?</p>
<p>Sands. In the house of
<persName id="t17480706-24-person212"> Simon Welch
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person212" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person212" type="given" value="Simon"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; he keeps a publick-house at
<placeName id="t17480706-24-crimeloc119">Charing-Cross</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="Charing-Cross"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-24-off117 t17480706-24-crimeloc119"/>.</p>
<p>Pris. Hutchinson. It is a night-house.</p>
<p>Q. What part of the house was this done in?</p>
<p>Sands. In a little room.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go there to drink?</p>
<p>Sands. It was late, and I could not get in at home, and I wanted to pass a little time away.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it that you went there?</p>
<p>Sands. I can't say.</p>
<p>Q. Was you disordered in liquor then?</p>
<p>Sands. I was not as I should be; and these good women came in, and made a property of me. I had these things when I went in, and when I walked I had not them; but who took them I don't know. When they came to sell the buckles and the ring, they quarrelled about sharing the money, and so the thing was discovered; and they said before the Justice, that Peg took the apron, and that Jane sold the buckles.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-24-person213"> Lewis Henry
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person213" type="surname" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person213" type="given" value="Lewis"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I bought a ring which Mrs. Sands owns, this is the ring; I gave two shillings for it; it would not melt to eighteen-pence.</p>
<p>Sands. That is the ring.</p>
<p>Q. Is that the ring you had when you went into Welch's house?</p>
<p>Sands. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-24-person214"> Benjamin Henry
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person214" type="surname" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person214" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I bought these silver buckles of
<persName id="t17480706-24-person215"> Jane Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person215" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person215" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person215" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and one
<persName id="t17480706-24-person216"> Susannah Steele
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person216" type="surname" value="Steele"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person216" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person216" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was with her, and gave her four shillings and three halfpence for them.</p>
<p>Sands. These are my buckles.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-24-person217"> Susannah Steele
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person217" type="surname" value="Steele"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person217" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person217" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I went with
<persName id="t17480706-24-person218"> Jane Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person218" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person218" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person218" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to sell a pair of silver buckles.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know how she came by them?</p>
<p>Steele. No, only as she told me they were given her.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-24-person219"> Simon Welch
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person219" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person219" type="given" value="Simon"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person219" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Eleanor Sands about half a year; she came that night into my house in liquor, and I put her into a little room by herself, because no other persons should come to her; for the house was full of people.</p>
<p>Q. Were any of the Prisoners in your house then?</p>
<p>Welch. Yes, they were all there.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see them in the room with Eleanor Sands?</p>
<p>Welch. Yes; she was asleep, and I did not know but they might be acquainted, and I left them in the room with her to take care of her.</p>
<p>Q. Did Eleanor Sands complain, when she awaked, that she had lost any thing?</p>
<p>Welch. When she awaked, about six o'clock, she said she had lost a gold ring, a pair of silver buckles, an apron, and a cap; she told me she would make me pay for them, because they were lost in my place, and about three days afterwards they quarrelled about dividing the money.</p>
<p>Q. Were they at your house then?</p>
<p>Welch. No. This little girl,
<persName id="t17480706-24-person220"> Margaret Sutherland
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person220" type="surname" value="Sutherland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person220" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person220" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , came and discovered the whole affair, and wanted to be an evidence; she told me, she took the gold ring off her finger, and put a brass one on in the room of it; and she told me where the buckles were sold, and what they got for them; that the apron was sold in Westminster for fifteen pence, and I found the cap upon Sutherland's head. Sands had told me the mark that was upon it. Hutchinson also wanted to be an evidence, and they wanted to keep Morris out. They said she got no more than five pence of the money, and she denied the fact all along.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-24-person221"> John Lavers
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person221" type="surname" value="Lavers"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person221" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am regulator of the watch of St. Martin's. I was carrying a woman to Bridewell, and in walking through the Park,
<persName id="t17480706-24-person222"> Jane Hutchinson
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person222" type="surname" value="Hutchinson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person222" type="given" value="Jane"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person222" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> told me, that
<persName id="t17480706-24-person223"> Margaret Sutherland
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person223" type="surname" value="Sutherland"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person223" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-24-person223" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was going to swear her life away; and then they confessed the robbery that was done in the cellar, and I was with them before the Justice.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-24-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-24-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, Hutchinson and Sutherland
<rs id="t17480706-24-verdict121" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-24-verdict121" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-24-punish122" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-24-punish122" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-24-defend208 t17480706-24-punish122"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-24-defend209 t17480706-24-punish122"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
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<interp inst="t17480706-25" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-25" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-25-off123-c181" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-25-defend225 t17480706-25-off123 t17480706-25-verdict125"/>
<persName id="t17480706-25-defend225" type="defendantName"> Ann White
<interp inst="t17480706-25-defend225" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-25-defend225" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-25-defend225" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-25-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-25-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-25-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing two blankets, a stew-pan, &c. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-25-victim227" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Waters
<interp inst="t17480706-25-victim227" type="surname" value="Waters"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-25-victim227" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-25-victim227" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-25-off123 t17480706-25-victim227"/> </persName> , in her lodging </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-25-cd124" type="crimeDate">June 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-25-off123 t17480706-25-cd124"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-25-verdict125" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-25-verdict125" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-25-punish126" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-25-punish126" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-25-defend225 t17480706-25-punish126"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-26">
<interp inst="t17480706-26" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-26-off127-c183" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-26-defend228 t17480706-26-off127 t17480706-26-verdict129"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-26-off127-c184" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-26-defend230 t17480706-26-off127 t17480706-26-verdict129"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060018"/>345, 346.
<persName id="t17480706-26-defend228" type="defendantName"> Honner Higgins
<interp inst="t17480706-26-defend228" type="surname" value="Higgins"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-defend228" type="given" value="Honner"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-defend228" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17480706-26-defend230" type="defendantName"> Ann Fling
<interp inst="t17480706-26-defend230" type="surname" value="Fling"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-defend230" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-defend230" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-26-alias-3" type="alias">Garrick</rs>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-26-off127" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-26-off127" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-off127" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver watch, value 30 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-26-victim232" type="victimName"> Stephen Freeman
<interp inst="t17480706-26-victim232" type="surname" value="Freeman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-victim232" type="given" value="Stephen"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-26-victim232" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-26-off127 t17480706-26-victim232"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-26-cd128" type="crimeDate">June 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-26-off127 t17480706-26-cd128"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-26-verdict129" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-26-verdict129" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-27">
<interp inst="t17480706-27" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-27-off131-c186" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-defend234 t17480706-27-off131 t17480706-27-verdict135"/>
<persName id="t17480706-27-defend234" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Carne
<interp inst="t17480706-27-defend234" type="surname" value="Carne"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-defend234" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-defend234" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of the
<placeName id="t17480706-27-defloc130">precinct of St. Catherine's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-defloc130" type="placeName" value="precinct of St. Catherine's"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-defloc130" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-defend234 t17480706-27-defloc130"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-27-off131" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-27-off131" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-off131" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing nine guineas, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-27-victim235" type="victimName"> Clas Fanaltena
<interp inst="t17480706-27-victim235" type="surname" value="Fanaltena"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-victim235" type="given" value="Clas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-victim235" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-off131 t17480706-27-victim235"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-27-cd132" type="crimeDate">June 11</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-off131 t17480706-27-cd132"/>.</p>
<p>[The Prosecutor and the Prisoner being both Dutch, an interpreter was sworn. ]</p>
<p>Q. to Clas Fanaltena. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I know the Prisoner at the bar very well; she lives in a house, in an alley on
<placeName id="t17480706-27-crimeloc133">Tower-Hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-crimeloc133" type="placeName" value="Tower-Hill"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-crimeloc133" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-off131 t17480706-27-crimeloc133"/>.</p>
<p>Q. Does she
<rs id="t17480706-27-deflabel134" type="occupation">keep a publick-house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-defend234 t17480706-27-deflabel134"/>?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. She has nothing to sell; it is her own house, and she lives in it. About four weeks ago I was at her house, and she took my money out of my pocket; she took nine guineas.</p>
<p>Q. What made you go there?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I came out of a publick-house, and was going to my lodging; she asked me for a pint of beer, and I went into her house; she said she had no beer, but brought two or three bottles of cyder; she asked for the money, and I gave her a guinea, but she would give me no change; and when I gave her this guinea, I had eight guineas more; I then fell asleep, and slept till about two o'clock, and she would have me pay for two bottles of cyder, or she would take my coat off.</p>
<p>Q. When did you lose this money?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I lost it when I was asleep; and it is well known, to herself and the Justice, that she is the person that had it; she owned herself, that she took the money out of my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. What language was it in?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. In Dutch. She said before the Justice, that she took it out of my pocket.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He has been in my company for a fortnight, and before he went to sea. How did I steal the money from you?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I will swear to it, and stand by it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He was drunk, and gave the money into my hand. I wish the devil may carry me away, if he did not give me the money.</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I am sure I was not drunk, for I had only a share of a pot of beer, and I could drink ten before I should be touched.</p>
<p>Q. Was not you acquainted with her before?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I might see her in the street, but I never was acquainted with her.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I can bring witnesses to prove it.</p>
<p>Mr. Barron. The Prosecutor lodges with me; and when the Prisoner was taken up, the headborough brought her to my house, and she talked good English, and she said she would give a note of hand for the money, if the Prosecutor would not carry her before the Justice, to be paid when her husband comes home.</p>
<p>Q. What did the Prosecutor charge her with?</p>
<p>Barron. He charged her with eight guineas, and she said she would give her hand seriven (that is a note of hand) for the money.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-27-person236"> Robert Sutton
<interp inst="t17480706-27-person236" type="surname" value="Sutton"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-person236" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I took up the Prisoner, and car ried her before a Justice; she owned she had eight guineas, and would pay it when her husband came home; she offered two guineas and an half down to make up the affair, and a note of hand for the remainder.</p>
<p>Q. Can she speak English?</p>
<p>Sutton. She can speak English as well as I can</p>
<p>Prisoner. He came to my house every day.</p>
<p>Q. Ask her whether she meddled with his money?</p>
<p>Prisoner. He put the money into my hand, and he was as drunk as a hoy; he gave me the money but in the morning he repented that he gave it me, and I gave him three pounds twelve shillings back, in three guineas, and nine shillings.</p>
<p>Q. to Fanaltena. Did you receive three guineas and nine shillings back of her?</p>
<p>Fanaltena. I did receive three guineas and nine shillings.</p>
<p>[The Prisoner, though she pretended at first that she could not speak English, was asked whether she could speak English, she said Yes very plain.]</p>
<rs id="t17480706-27-verdict135" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-27-verdict135" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-27-verdict135" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> Guilty of the felony, and acquitted of privately stealing </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-27-punish136" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-27-punish136" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-27-defend234 t17480706-27-punish136"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-28">
<interp inst="t17480706-28" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28" type="year" value="1748"/>
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<interp inst="t17480706-28" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-28-off137-c189" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-28-defend238 t17480706-28-off137 t17480706-28-verdict141"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-28-off137-c190" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-28-defend240 t17480706-28-off137 t17480706-28-verdict140"/>
<p>348, 349. +
<persName id="t17480706-28-defend238" type="defendantName"> Elizabeth Kerr
<interp inst="t17480706-28-defend238" type="surname" value="Kerr"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-defend238" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-defend238" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-28-alias-4" type="alias">Hubbard</rs>, and
<persName id="t17480706-28-defend240" type="defendantName"> William Foster
<interp inst="t17480706-28-defend240" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-defend240" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-defend240" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , were indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-28-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-28-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a watch, value 3 l. a chain, value 5 s. and a silver seal, value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-28-victim242" type="victimName"> Charles Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17480706-28-victim242" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-victim242" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-victim242" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-28-off137 t17480706-28-victim242"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-28-person243"> Charles Beauchamp
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person243" type="surname" value="Beauchamp"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person243" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person243" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Last Sunday was fortnight, about two o'clock on the Sunday morning, the Prisoners took my watch, chain, and seal, out of my pocket.</p>
<p>Q. How came they to be with you?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. They enticed me to go to their house; I had been at the Bull-Head just by where I live in Ratcliff Highway; I staid there from four in the afternoon till half an hour after six, and staid in company with the Prisoners till eleven.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060019"/>Q. What condition was you in then?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. I was not drunk, I was a little heavy headed; I said I was afraid of being locked out; she said I need not mind that, for she had a good lodging; I agreed to have a bed at her house, and paid her a shilling for it: we had a tankard of beer (I gave her six-pence, but she returned no money:) I took a drink of it, and laid down upon the bed about one in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go to bed?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. No, there was no bed to lie on, but a sort of a blanket: about an hour afterwards Foster came and put his hand under the blanket, and he waked me in doing it; and then he made towards his wife (that woman) the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Is she his wife?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. He calls her his wife; and then they both went out of the room, and presently I found my watch was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Did you attempt to lay hold of the watch when he took it from you?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. No, then I immediately got off the bed. for I had some valuable things in my pocketbook; then he came into the room again, and threatened me, and asked me why I did not go out; and he told me he would knock me on the head if I did not go out directly.</p>
<p>Q. Where is this house?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. In
<placeName id="t17480706-28-crimeloc138">Elbow-Lane, by Ratcliff Highway</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-crimeloc138" type="placeName" value="Elbow-Lane, by Ratcliff Highway"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-crimeloc138" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-28-off137 t17480706-28-crimeloc138"/>. I told him I demanded my watch or his body, and then he said he would knock me on the head if I did not go out, and he put the candle out; I told him I had a right to be there till daylight.</p>
<p>Q. Could not you have got into the street?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. Yes, but then he would have locked me out; and he said if I would treat him, he would help me to my watch again: I told him I would if he would let me have my watch again; and I was in the porch [he explained it afterwards to be the stair-case] and he pulled me down stairs, and I thought the street was the best place for me, for I did not know but I might have been knocked on the head. I went to
<persName id="t17480706-28-person244"> George Jennings
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person244" type="surname" value="Jennings"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person244" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person244" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> 's, to desire him to knock at the door, but he was in bed: I knocked at the door, and the Prisoner said he would stab me, and offered to strike me with a key; and a woman coming by, said, I might take him up as he had robbed me; so the Constable and I secured him, and took him to the watch-house, and he said I should never have my watch again: he was carried before Justice Berry, and he ordered him to be confined till Monday.</p>
<p>Q. What happened then?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. She said if I would not hurt her, I should have my watch again.</p>
<p>Q. When was Foster carried before the Justice?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. They were both carried before the Justice on Monday morning, and she said she took the watch off the bed.</p>
<p>Q. That is what you know to be false?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. Yes, to be sure.</p>
<p>Q. Have you the watch again?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. Mr. Gosden has the watch.</p>
<p>Mr. Gosden produced the watch.</p>
<p>Beauchamp. This is my watch.</p>
<p>Q. Would you ask this witness any questions?</p>
<p>Pris. Foster. No, my Lord, he has said too much already.</p>
<p>Q. Have you any thing to say for yourself?</p>
<p>Pris. Foster. I do not know, I have not been at home since I have been here.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-28-person245"> John Gosden
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person245" type="surname" value="Gosden"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person245" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person245" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I keep a scavenger's cart, and live in Whitechapel Road. On Sunday was fortnight I was sitting at the house that I live at between seven and eight in the morning, and this woman came by, and said, who will buy a watch? I said if I would, she had never an one to sell; she said she had, and shewed it to me: I asked her how she came by it (for I thought she did not look like one that had come honestly by it) and she said it was her brother's. I challenged it, and she said she would trust it in my hands; I said I would keep it till I knew how she came by it: and I carried an advertisement on Sunday night, which was published on Monday morning; and the Gentleman had taken her up: she brought the Prosecutor to my house, and she said nothing to me, nor I to her. I cannot say any thing further but what the Gentleman has said.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-28-person246"> Walter Cox
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person246" type="surname" value="Cox"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person246" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person246" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I can say no more than what the other witnesses have said.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-28-person247"> Arthur Tutherly
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person247" type="surname" value="Tutherly"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person247" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person247" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am the Beadle; I took the watch from Foster in the cage, and he said the Prosecutor should never have his watch again; and the woman that called me, told me the Prisoner's name was
<persName id="t17480706-28-person248"> Elizabeth Kerr
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person248" type="surname" value="Kerr"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person248" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person248" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . Betty, said I, is the watch pawned? she said, if I would not tell any body, she would let me know where the watch was, and she carried me to Mr. Gosden's, who produced the watch. She said before the Justice, that she took the watch off the bed.</p>
<p>Q. to Foster the Prisoner. What are you?</p>
<p>Foster. I am a
<rs id="t17480706-28-deflabel139" type="occupation">ballast-heaver</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-28-defend240 t17480706-28-deflabel139"/>. I went home on the Saturday night, to desire
<persName id="t17480706-28-person249"> Betty Kerr
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person249" type="surname" value="Kerr"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person249" type="given" value="Betty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-person249" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> to get some provisions for me, as she could do it better than I; for she washes, and does any thing for me: I gave her a pint of beer, and my adversary
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060020"/> came into my company, and put his beer into my pot; I would not drink any after that, and when I went home, my key was taken away, the door was fast, and he was in my poor bed; I asked him what he did there; he said a woman brought him there; said I, I have nothing but what I pay for; he said he had lost his watch; I said, be easy, and I believe I shall find it in the morning; he said he would go and treat me at Mr. Jennings's, and there were two street-walkers came in; they said I had got the watch, and he sent me to the watch-house I was thirty-six hours in the watch-house.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prosecutor. When you laid yourself down upon the bed, was Foster come home then?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. No, he went for some beer.</p>
<p>Pris. Kerr. My husband is at sea; he is at South-Carolina; I go a washing and scowering, and clean his room: The Prosecutor came by, and asked me to drink a pot of beer, and we went to Mr. Mason's, at the Bull's-Head; the Prosecutor said, Those that could not make a meal of me, ought to go to Bed supperless; the Prosecutor came and sat by me, and put his beer into my pot; I asked him what he wanted, he said he wanted a lodging, and he went home with me; he said he had no money, but he would leave a thing in my hand, which was as good as money, and we went to Jennings's, and had some punch.</p>
<p>Prosecutor. I had nothing but beer all the day.</p>
<p>Pris. Kerr. And after drinking drams and punch, he asked me whether he should go to bed along with me; and though I never went to bed with any body but my husband, yet he importuned me so much, that I went to bed with him; he gave me his watch, and said he would come the next morning for it, and satisfy me, and give me something for my child and myself: I kept the watch two days, and when he came for the watch I went and shewed him where it was, and then he swore a robbery against me.</p>
<p>Q. You say you went to bed to him?</p>
<p>Pris. Kerr. Yes, and when I found myself in bed with a man, I got up.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Pris. Kerr. About two o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Was he asleep, or awake?</p>
<p>Pris. Kerr. He was awake. I got out of bed, and went to my own child, and then Foster was breaking open his door to get in.</p>
<p>Jury to Beauchamp. Did you ever say you would forgive her, if you had your watch again?</p>
<p>Beauchamp. No.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-28-verdict140" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-28-verdict140" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, Kerr
<rs id="t17480706-28-verdict141" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-28-verdict141" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-28-verdict141" type="verdictSubcategory" value="lesserOffence"/> guilty of the felony, and acquitted of privately stealing. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-28-punish142" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-28-punish142" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-28-defend238 t17480706-28-punish142"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-29">
<interp inst="t17480706-29" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-29-off143-c199" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-29-defend251 t17480706-29-off143 t17480706-29-verdict144"/>
<persName id="t17480706-29-defend251" type="defendantName"> Ann Nicholson
<interp inst="t17480706-29-defend251" type="surname" value="Nicholson"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-defend251" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-defend251" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-29-off143" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-29-off143" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-off143" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a brass pot, a looking-glass, and a trevet </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-29-victim253" type="victimName"> Marmaduke Chapman
<interp inst="t17480706-29-victim253" type="surname" value="Chapman"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-victim253" type="given" value="Marmaduke"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-victim253" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-29-off143 t17480706-29-victim253"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17480706-29-verdict144" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-29-verdict144" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-verdict144" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-29-punish145" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-29-punish145" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-29-punish145" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-29-defend251 t17480706-29-punish145"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-30">
<interp inst="t17480706-30" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-30-off146-c201" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-30-defend255 t17480706-30-off146 t17480706-30-verdict147"/>
<persName id="t17480706-30-defend255" type="defendantName"> Ann Pugh
<interp inst="t17480706-30-defend255" type="surname" value="Pugh"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30-defend255" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30-defend255" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-30-off146" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-30-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a linen apron, &c </rs>. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-30-victim257" type="victimName"> Vincent Coster
<interp inst="t17480706-30-victim257" type="surname" value="Coster"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30-victim257" type="given" value="Vincent"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30-victim257" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-30-off146 t17480706-30-victim257"/> </persName> ,</p>
<rs id="t17480706-30-verdict147" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-30-verdict147" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-30-verdict147" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-30-punish148" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-30-punish148" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-30-defend255 t17480706-30-punish148"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-31">
<interp inst="t17480706-31" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-31-off149-c203" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-31-defend259 t17480706-31-off149 t17480706-31-verdict151"/>
<persName id="t17480706-31-defend259" type="defendantName"> John Orcut
<interp inst="t17480706-31-defend259" type="surname" value="Orcut"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31-defend259" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31-defend259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-31-off149" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-31-off149" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31-off149" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a cane, value 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-31-victim261" type="victimName"> William Harper
<interp inst="t17480706-31-victim261" type="surname" value="Harper"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31-victim261" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-31-victim261" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-31-off149 t17480706-31-victim261"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-31-cd150" type="crimeDate">April 20</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-31-off149 t17480706-31-cd150"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-31-verdict151" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-31-verdict151" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-32">
<interp inst="t17480706-32" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-32-off152-c205" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-32-defend263 t17480706-32-off152 t17480706-32-verdict154"/>
<persName id="t17480706-32-defend263" type="defendantName"> Mary Fowles
<interp inst="t17480706-32-defend263" type="surname" value="Fowles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-defend263" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-defend263" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-32-alias-5" type="alias">Fowler</rs>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-32-off152" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-32-off152" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-off152" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing two pair of sheets, and four shirts, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-32-victim265" type="victimName"> John Trotter
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim265" type="surname" value="Trotter"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim265" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim265" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; two shirts, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-32-victim267" type="victimName"> John Smith
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim267" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim267" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ; and two pair of sheets, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-32-victim269" type="victimName"> John Probham
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim269" type="surname" value="Probham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim269" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-32-victim269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-32-cd153" type="crimeDate">July 7</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-32-off152 t17480706-32-cd153"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-32-verdict154" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-32-verdict154" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-32-punish155" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-32-punish155" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-32-defend263 t17480706-32-punish155"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-33">
<interp inst="t17480706-33" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-33-off156-c209" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-33-defend271 t17480706-33-off156 t17480706-33-verdict158"/>
<persName id="t17480706-33-defend271" type="defendantName"> Ann Wildish
<interp inst="t17480706-33-defend271" type="surname" value="Wildish"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33-defend271" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33-defend271" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-33-off156" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-33-off156" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33-off156" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a considerable quantity of wearing apparel, &c </rs>. the property of
<persName id="t17480706-33-victim273" type="victimName"> Sarah Cotterel
<interp inst="t17480706-33-victim273" type="surname" value="Cotterel"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33-victim273" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-33-victim273" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-33-off156 t17480706-33-victim273"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-33-cd157" type="crimeDate">June 23</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-33-off156 t17480706-33-cd157"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-33-verdict158" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-33-verdict158" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-34">
<interp inst="t17480706-34" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-34-off159-c211" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-34-defend275 t17480706-34-off159 t17480706-34-verdict161"/>
<persName id="t17480706-34-defend275" type="defendantName"> Ann Lewin
<interp inst="t17480706-34-defend275" type="surname" value="Lewin"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-defend275" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-defend275" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-34-off159" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-34-off159" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-off159" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a pair of sheets, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-34-victim277" type="victimName"> William Tunks
<interp inst="t17480706-34-victim277" type="surname" value="Tunks"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-victim277" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-victim277" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-34-off159 t17480706-34-victim277"/> </persName> , in her lodging </rs>,
<rs id="t17480706-34-cd160" type="crimeDate">May 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-34-off159 t17480706-34-cd160"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-34-verdict161" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-34-verdict161" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-verdict161" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty, 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480706-34-punish162" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-34-punish162" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-34-punish162" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-34-defend275 t17480706-34-punish162"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-35">
<interp inst="t17480706-35" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-35-off163-c213" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-35-defend279 t17480706-35-off163 t17480706-35-verdict164"/>
<persName id="t17480706-35-defend279" type="defendantName"> Susannah Smith
<interp inst="t17480706-35-defend279" type="surname" value="Smith"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35-defend279" type="given" value="Susannah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35-defend279" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-35-off163" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-35-off163" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35-off163" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a sheet, two shifts, eleven handkerchiefs, an apron, and twelve caps </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17480706-35-victim281" type="victimName"> William Shales
<interp inst="t17480706-35-victim281" type="surname" value="Shales"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35-victim281" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-35-victim281" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-35-off163 t17480706-35-victim281"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17480706-35-verdict164" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-35-verdict164" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480706-35-punish165" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-35-punish165" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-35-defend279 t17480706-35-punish165"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-36">
<interp inst="t17480706-36" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-36-off166-c215" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-36-defend283 t17480706-36-off166 "/>
<persName id="t17480706-36-defend283" type="defendantName"> Ann Sharpe
<interp inst="t17480706-36-defend283" type="surname" value="Sharpe"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36-defend283" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36-defend283" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-36-alias-6" type="alias">Sandford</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-36-alias-7" type="alias">Fitzgerald</rs>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480706-36-off166" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-36-off166" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36-off166" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a rug, a sheet, a napkin, and a key, all valued at 3 s. 7 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480706-36-victim285" type="victimName"> Sarah Finley
<interp inst="t17480706-36-victim285" type="surname" value="Finley"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36-victim285" type="given" value="Sarah"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-36-victim285" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-36-off166 t17480706-36-victim285"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480706-36-cd167" type="crimeDate">March 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-36-off166 t17480706-36-cd167"/>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480706-37">
<interp inst="t17480706-37" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480706"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37" type="date" value="17480706"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480706-37-off169-c217" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-37-defend286 t17480706-37-off169 t17480706-37-verdict173"/>
<p>358. +
<persName id="t17480706-37-defend286" type="defendantName"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-defend286" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-defend286" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-defend286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise
<rs id="t17480706-37-alias-8" type="alias">Cullingham</rs>, late of
<placeName id="t17480706-37-defloc168">Wingfield, in the county of Suffolk</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-defloc168" type="placeName" value="Wingfield, in the county of Suffolk"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-defloc168" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-37-defend286 t17480706-37-defloc168"/>, was indicted upon a suggestion, that he, the said
<persName id="t17480706-37-person287"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person287" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person287" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , after the 24th day of July, 1746, to wit, on the 19th day of August, 1747, at the parish of St. Paul, Covent-Garden, in the county of Middlesex, was in due manner charged, before
<persName id="t17480706-37-person288"> Thomas Burdus
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person288" type="surname" value="Burdus"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person288" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the said county, by
<persName id="t17480706-37-person289"> Robert Chinnery
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person289" type="surname" value="Chinnery"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person289" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person289" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a creditable person, upon oath, that
<rs id="t17480706-37-off169" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480706-37-off169" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-off169" type="offenceSubcategory" value="taxOffences"/> he, the said
<persName id="t17480706-37-person290"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person290" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person290" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with divers other persons, to the number of three or more, after the said 24th day of July, 1746, to wit, on the
<rs id="t17480706-37-cd170" type="crimeDate">5th day of September, 1746</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-37-off169 t17480706-37-cd170"/>, were assembled at
<placeName id="t17480706-37-crimeloc171">Tiberton, otherwise Tiverton, in the county of Suffolk</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-crimeloc171" type="placeName" value="Tiberton, otherwise Tiverton, in the county of Suffolk"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-crimeloc171" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-37-off169 t17480706-37-crimeloc171"/>, armed with fire arms, and other offensive weapons, in order to be aiding and assisting in running, landing, and carrying away uncustomed goods, &c </rs>. And that he, the said
<persName id="t17480706-37-person291"> Thomas Burdus
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person291" type="surname" value="Burdus"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person291" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; did forthwith, to wit, on the said 19th day of August, 1747, certify, under his hand and seal, and did return the said information to the most noble
<persName id="t17480706-37-person292"> Thomas Holles
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person292" type="surname" value="Holles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person292" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Duke of Newcastle, one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of slate, who did, as soon as conveniently could be, to wit, on the 8th day of September, 1747, lay the same before his Majesty, in his Privy-Council; and that his Majesty did, on the said 8th day of September, make an order in council, requiring, and commanding the said
<persName id="t17480706-37-person293"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person293" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person293" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise Cullingham, to surrender himself, within forty days after the first publication of the said order in the London Gazette, to the Lord Chief Justice, or to one other of the Justices of the Court of King's Bench, or to any of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace; and that this order was published in the two next succeeding London Gazettes. And that, on the said 8th day of September, this order was transmitted to the sheriff of the county of Suffolk; and that the said sheriff did, within fourteen days after the receipt thereof, cause the same to be publickly proclaimed on the two next marketdays, between the hours of ten in the morning and two in the afternoon, in the publick marketplaces of Dunwich and Saxmundham, being two market towns near to the place where the offence was committed; and that the said order was fixed up in the publick market-places of the said towns of Dunwich and Saxmundham; and that the said
<persName id="t17480706-37-person294"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person294" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person294" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise Cullingham, did not surrender himself according to the said order, and therefore the said
<persName id="t17480706-37-person295"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person295" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person295" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> is, and stands convicted, and attainted of felony; and this the attorney-general, for our said Lord the King, is willing to aver and testify, and therefore prays the Court to award execution against the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Clerk of the Ar. Gentlemen of the Jury, the several issues contained in this suggestion the Prisoner has denied, and thereupon issue is joined, and you are to try these issues between our sovereign Lord the King, and the Prisoner at the bar.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. May it please your Lordship, and Gentlemen of the Jury, the Prisoner comes before the Court in the manner I am going to mention to you.</p>
<p>The Legislature considering the great progress the smugglers had made, the height they were got to, and the violences they had committed, thought it necessary to suppress this practice; and in order to do that, there was an Act of Parliament
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060023"/> made, to make it felony, without benefit of clergy, for three or more persons to be assembled together with fire arms, in order to be aiding and assisting, in running, landing, and carrying away uncustomed goods; for it was difficult to bring them to justice in the common way, by reason of the outrages they committed, and the damages they did in the country, and therefore the Legislature made an Act, that if they did surrender themselves, according to due course of law, they should have mercy, but if they put their country at defiance, and did not surrender themselves according to that Act of Parliament, they are guilty of felony; and in order to this, there are several steps, which are by that Act directed to be taken.</p>
<p>And gentlemen, the first step is to have the fact laid before a proper Magistrate upon oath, then that is to be laid before a secretary of state; then laid before his Majesty in council; an order made by his Majesty in council, and that order to be transmitted to the sheriff of the county where the offence was committed, and is to be proclaimed on the two next market-days, at two market towns near to the place where the fact was committed, and stuck up in the publick market-places of those towns, that the Prisoner might know what his offence was; then, by that Act of Parliament, he was to surrender himself, according to the directions of the Act; but if he did not surrender himself, he was to be convicted, as if he had been convicted of felony, in point of law; and this was done, upon account of that practice, which the Government thought so prejudicial to the publick.</p>
<p>My Lord, the Prisoner at the bar has been charged according to the directions of that Act of Parliament; he has been charged with being armed with fire arms, and assembled together, with three or more, to be aiding and assisting in running and landing uncustomed goods; and this has been laid before a proper Magistrate; and has been laid before the Duke of Newcastle, one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of state; has been laid before his Majesty in council, and an order made, and every thing has been done according to the Act of Parliament; therefore he is now, if these facts are proved, guilty of felony, and if he cannot disprove these things, he is attainted and convicted of felony; therefore it is incumbent upon us to prove these facts, and as you are a Jury according to the laws of the land, you are to try whether these facts are true, and if you find these facts, the Prisoner will have execution awarded against him, as a person attainted of felony.</p>
<p>Second Coun. for the Crown. My Lord, and gentlemen of the Jury, I will state to you what facts are to be proved, in order to have execution awarded against the Prisoner; and these facts are contained if the suggestion, which has been opened to you, by the gentleman who spoke before me.</p>
<p>First, That he was, on the 19th of August, 1747, charged before
<persName id="t17480706-37-person296"> Thomas Burdus
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person296" type="surname" value="Burdus"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person296" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace, by a creditable person on oath, that he, with three or more, with fire arms, were, on the 5th of September, in the 20th year of his Majesty's reign, at Tiberton, in the county of Suffolk, concerned in running and landing uncustomed goods; this, which is the first fact, we shall prove to you by an information given before Mr. Burdus, on oath; and that Mr. Burdus did, on the nineteenth of August, 1747, certify, under his hand and seal, and returned the information to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of State; and that he did, on the 8th of September following, lay this before his Majesty in council; and upon this his Majesty made an order in council; for them to surrender themselves within forty days after the first publication of that order in the London Gazette; either to the Lord Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench, or to one other of the Justices of the Court of King's Bench, or to one of his Majesty's Justices of the Peace.</p>
<p>Gentlemen, the next thing to be proved, is, that this order was published in the two next succeeding London Gazettes, and we shall prove to you, that this order was published in these two London Gazettes: Then we shall prove, that, on the 8th of September, this order was transferred to the sheriff of the county of Suffolk; and that he caused this to be proclaimed at Dunwich and Saxmundham, being two market towns near to the place where the fact was committed; and we shall prove, that these two market towns are near to the place, and that this order was placed up in the market-places of those towns; and then he is to prove, that he did surrender himself; but if he did not surrender himself, gentlemen, you will find the issues for the King.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person297"> Charles Chaworth
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person297" type="surname" value="Chaworth"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person297" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person297" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> produced the information of
<persName id="t17480706-37-person298"> Robert Chinnery
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person298" type="surname" value="Chinnery"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person298" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person298" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .]</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Did he swear to this?</p>
<p>Chaworth. Yes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174807060024"/>Pris. Coun. Do you know this Chinnery?</p>
<p>Chaworth. I should know him, if I was to see him again.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Do you think you have seen him?</p>
<p>Chaworth. I do not know.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Tell me whether you have, or have not?</p>
<p>Chaworth. I cannot.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. This will not bear a verdict in a civil action.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Did he inform by the name of
<persName id="t17480706-37-person299"> Robert Chinnery
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person299" type="surname" value="Chinnery"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person299" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person299" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Chaworth. Yes.</p>
<p>The information of
<persName id="t17480706-37-person300"> Robert Chinnery
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person300" type="surname" value="Chinnery"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person300" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person300" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was read.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person301"> Robert Chinnery
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person301" type="surname" value="Chinnery"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person301" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person301" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> against
<persName id="t17480706-37-person302"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person302" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person302" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person302" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> '' of Wingfield, in the county of Suffolk,
<rs id="t17480706-37-deflabel172" type="occupation">labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480706-37-defend286 t17480706-37-deflabel172"/>.</p>
<p>'' This informant faith, that
<persName id="t17480706-37-person303"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person303" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person303" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person303" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , '' Morley, Brook, and others, were assembled '' together, at Feberton, otherwise Feverton, '' armed with fire arms, on the 5th of September, '' 1746, and had landed twenty hundred '' weight of tea, and eight half anchors of brandy.</p>
<p>'' Signed</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person304"> ROBERT CHINNERY
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person304" type="surname" value="CHINNERY"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person304" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person304" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .''</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Do you know any thing of Mr. Burdus's certifying this to the Duke of Newcastle?</p>
<p>Choworth. Yes; I delivered it to Mr. Ward, the office-keeper at the Duke of Newcastle's office.</p>
<p>[The certificate, under the hand and seal of Justice Burdus was read.]</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person305"> William Sharpe
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person305" type="surname" value="Sharpe"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person305" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person305" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Do you know any thing of that information being laid before his Majesty in council?</p>
<p>Sharpe. This information was laid before his Majesty in council, the 8th of September, 1747.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. And what was done upon that?</p>
<p>Sharpe. I had orders to issue an order, for
<persName id="t17480706-37-person306"> Robert Cunningham
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person306" type="surname" value="Cunningham"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person306" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person306" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and several more, to surrender themselves, within forty days after the first publication of the said order in the London Gazette, and I sent it that very night to the sheriff of Suffolk, to have it proclaimed, and put up in two market towns, near the place where the fact was committed.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. And I suppose to the printer of the London Gazette?</p>
<p>Sharpe. Yes; I sent it to Mr. Owen, the printer of the London Gazette.</p>
<p>[The order of council was read.]</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person307"> Edward Owen
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person307" type="surname" value="Owen"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person307" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person307" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Do you publish the London Gazette?</p>
<p>Owen. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you publish this order in the London Gazette?</p>
<p>Owen. Yes; I published it in the two succeeding London Gazettes.</p>
<p>Q. What days?</p>
<p>Owen. On the 8th and 12th of September.</p>
<p>[The order, printed in the Gazettes of the 8th and 12th of September, was read ]</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person308"> Charles Tisted
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person308" type="surname" value="Tisted"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person308" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person308" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> (Under-sheriff of the county of Suffolk ). On the 9th of September last this order came to me, directed to Mr. Robert Edger, high-sheriff of the county of Suffolk, and my clerk made two copies of it, and directed them to
<persName id="t17480706-37-person309"> Henry Curtis
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person309" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person309" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person309" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a bailiff at Saxmundham.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. So you only give orders by hearsay; how did you come by them?</p>
<p>Mr. Sharpe. I sent them by the post, and I have a letter, signed
<persName id="t17480706-37-person310"> Charles Tisted
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person310" type="surname" value="Tisted"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person310" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person310" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , acknowledging the receipt of them.</p>
<persName id="t17480706-37-person311"> Henry Curtis
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person311" type="surname" value="Curtis"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person311" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="t17480706-37-person311" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Did you receive from Mr Tisted two copies of the order for Cunningham to surrender himself?</p>
<p>Curtis. Yes.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Did you proclaim them?</p>
<p>Curtis. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. In what towns?</p>
<p>Curtis. The first was at Sax