<!-- © 2003-2008 Old Bailey Proceedings Online -->
<div0 type="sessionsPaper" id="17480420">
<interp inst="17480420" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="17480420" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="17480420" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="17480420" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<xptr type="transcription" doc="17480420"/>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="f17480420-1">
<interp inst="f17480420-1" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200001"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,
<p>On WEDNESDAY the 20th, THURSDAY the 21st, FRIDAY the 22d, and SATURDAY the 23d of April.</p>
<p>In the 21st Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.</p>
<p>BEING THE Fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the</p>
<p>Rt. Honble Sir
<persName id="f17480420-1-person1"> Robert Ladbroke
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person1" type="surname" value="Ladbroke"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person1" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person1" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>NUMBER IV.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1748.</p>
<p>[Price Sixpence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200002"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p>
<p>BEFORE the Right Honourable Sir
<persName id="f17480420-1-person2" type="judiciaryName"> ROBERT LADBROKE
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person2" type="surname" value="LADBROKE"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person2" type="given" value="ROBERT"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person2" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. Lord Mayor of the City of London, the Right Honourable Lord Chief Justice LEE, the Honourable Mr.
<persName id="f17480420-1-person3" type="judiciaryName"> Baron CLARKE
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person3" type="surname" value="CLARKE"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person3" type="given" value="Baron"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person3" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the Honourable Mr. Justice BIRCH, and others of His Majesty's Justices of Oyer and Terminer for the City of London, and Justices of Goal-Delivery of Newgate, holden for the said City, and County of Middlesex.</p>
<p>London Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person4" type="jurorName"> Henry Wickenden
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person4" type="surname" value="Wickenden"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person4" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person4" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person5" type="jurorName"> Robert Hales
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person5" type="surname" value="Hales"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person5" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person5" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person6" type="jurorName"> Richard Walden
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person6" type="surname" value="Walden"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person6" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person6" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person7" type="jurorName"> Benjamin Silcock
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person7" type="surname" value="Silcock"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person7" type="given" value="Benjamin"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person7" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person8" type="jurorName"> John Wells
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person8" type="surname" value="Wells"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person8" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person8" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person9" type="jurorName"> Jonathan Cotton
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person9" type="surname" value="Cotton"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person9" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person9" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person10" type="jurorName"> John Cumberlege
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person10" type="surname" value="Cumberlege"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person10" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person10" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person11" type="jurorName"> Thomas Humphrys
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person11" type="surname" value="Humphrys"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person11" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person11" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person12" type="jurorName"> Tipping Rustat
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person12" type="surname" value="Rustat"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person12" type="given" value="Tipping"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person12" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person13" type="jurorName"> William Spencer
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person13" type="surname" value="Spencer"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person13" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person13" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person14" type="jurorName"> Edward Welch
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person14" type="surname" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person14" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person14" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person15" type="jurorName"> John Melcot
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person15" type="surname" value="Melcot"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person15" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person15" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Middlesex Jury.</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person16" type="jurorName"> Samuel Anderson
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person16" type="surname" value="Anderson"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person16" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person16" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person17" type="jurorName"> Thomas Gray
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person17" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person17" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person17" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person18" type="jurorName"> Henry Holland
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person18" type="surname" value="Holland"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person18" type="given" value="Henry"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person18" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person19" type="jurorName"> Thomas Nichols
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person19" type="surname" value="Nichols"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person19" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person19" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person20" type="jurorName"> John Clarke
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person20" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person20" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person20" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person21" type="jurorName"> Samuel Swift
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person21" type="surname" value="Swift"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person21" type="given" value="Samuel"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person21" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person22" type="jurorName"> Robert Kent
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person22" type="surname" value="Kent"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person22" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person22" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person23" type="jurorName"> Nathaniel Wincoff
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person23" type="surname" value="Wincoff"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person23" type="given" value="Nathaniel"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person23" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person24" type="jurorName"> Robert Gray
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person24" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person24" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person24" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person25" type="jurorName"> John Carwell
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person25" type="surname" value="Carwell"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person25" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person25" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person26" type="jurorName"> John Harvest
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person26" type="surname" value="Harvest"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person26" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person26" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person27" type="jurorName"> Thomas Coates
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person27" type="surname" value="Coates"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person27" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person27" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="f17480420-1-person28" type="jurorName"> Thomas Gray
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person28" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person28" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person28" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one of the Middlesex Jury, was taken ill in Court the third Day of the Sessions, and
<persName id="f17480420-1-person29" type="jurorName"> Jonathan Catlin
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person29" type="surname" value="Catlin"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person29" type="given" value="Jonathan"/>
<interp inst="f17480420-1-person29" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was sworn in his room.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-1">
<interp inst="t17480420-1" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-1-off1-c30" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-1-defend31 t17480420-1-off1 t17480420-1-verdict4"/>
<persName id="t17480420-1-defend31" type="defendantName"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-1-defend31" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-defend31" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-defend31" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-1-off1" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-1-off1" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-off1" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a Coffin, value 3 s. and a shroud, value 2 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-1-victim33" type="victimName"> Joseph Wright
<interp inst="t17480420-1-victim33" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-victim33" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-victim33" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-1-off1 t17480420-1-victim33"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-1-cd2" type="crimeDate">March 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-1-off1 t17480420-1-cd2"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person34"> Joseph Wright
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person34" type="surname" value="Wright"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person34" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person34" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had the misfortune to have an unhappy relation that suffered the last hanging day, and I got a coffin and shroud for him.
<persName id="t17480420-1-person35"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person35" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person35" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person35" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the Prisoner, was very officious in bringing him home, and he was as ready to take him away, and carried off the body, coffin and shroud, all together.</p>
<p>Mary Hill. I spoke to an old woman, who had an empty house, to let me put the body there, and she gave me leave, and I sent it there. I was sitting upon my husband's coffin *, and I heard somebody open the door, and I was frightened; there were five men came in, who said they came from my brother, and wanted to take him away; and as they were taking him away the coffin burst open, and the candle went out, and one of them said, d - n the woman, is she mad, that she cannot light the candle!</p>
<p>* Francis Hill, who was convicted last Session for a Burglary.</p>
<p>Q. What woman was that?</p>
<p>Hill. One that I got to sit along with me.</p>
<p>Q. Did the Prisoner do any thing?</p>
<p>Hill. Yes. When the coffin burst open the Prisoner knocked his hand down upon the lid of the coffin, and then took it away and put it into a coach.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the Prisoner is the person?</p>
<p>Hill. I do not know very well, he has changed his dress, [Mrs. Hill looked earnestly at him] but now I know that is the man.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>Hill. Between ten and eleven at night.</p>
<p>N. B. Those Trials with this mark + shew that the Prisoners were indicted for Capital Offences, and must have received Sentence of Death if the Jury had found them guilty of the whole Indictment.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him by the candlelight?</p>
<p>Hill. Yes, and I saw him before that, because
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200003"/> he helped to bring him from the unfortunate place. I jumped out of the door, and hung by the coach as long as I could, to the bottom of Long-Acre, at last I dropped down dead.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the Prisoner assist in putting the coffin into the coach?</p>
<p>Hill. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person36"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person36" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person36" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person36" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did you ever see me before?</p>
<p>Hill. Yes, I saw you in Thomas's-street.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did you ever see me have any hand in bringing him?</p>
<p>Hill. Yes, I saw you bringing him, when you had him in possession.</p>
<p>Eliz. Wright. I had an unfortunate relation who was executed.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Wright. I know the Prisoner very well. All that this unfortunate man desired was, as he was a dying man, that I would see his body buried, for he hoped he had made his peace with the Almighty: I promised him I would, and the Prisoner came, in order to take his body away and Stevens's * together, (there were two bodies in the cart, and there was a great mob, and one of them said it was Frank Hill the silversmith) and the Prisoner and some others desired to have the body of Hill, and somebody said, Have you got any thing to bury him with? and they said yes; so they got the body from the surgeons, and would have brought him home to my door, but I did not think that proper; and the Prisoner, Walker, stood at the door where they brought the body, and they threw the body down off the mens shoulders; and I said to the Prisoner, I will take away the body, but I cannot take it away just now, and I went to get a room to put him in; and I said I could not stay to see him stripped, but when they had stripped him, I would give them any thing for their trouble; and I went and bought a coffin, and sent it, and the Prisoner at the bar came to me, and said, G - d d - n his eyes, he had stripped him, and nailed him up in his coffin. I sent to the house where the body was carried, and the woman sent me word, that some men had taken my brother away; I said she was a base woman to let any body take the coffin away. Mr. Thrift had nothing for executing him.) Mrs. Thrift came to my house, and said she heard my brother was sold to a surgeon, that his head was off, and that a woman, that sells cats and dogs meat, told her so; I went to the surgeon's, and enquired after the body, and desired to know where it was.</p>
<p>* Stevens was convicted with him for the same fact.</p>
<p>Q. Who was the surgeon?</p>
<p>Wright. Mr. Champante. I went with Mrs. Thrift to his house; he did not care at first to own that he had it, but at last we went into a room, and there I saw the body lying upon the lid of the coffin with his head off. I asked for the clothes, and he said there were no clothes upon it, and that there was only the shroud; Mrs. Thrift said, if there was nothing but that he might keep it. I took up Walker, and he said he sold him for a guinea, three shillings for a coach, and half a crown to drink.</p>
<p>Q. What, do you mean for the coffin, shroud and body together?</p>
<p>Wright. Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I never was at Tyburn, or at the place of execution, any otherwise than running down from my work.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person37"> Mary Thrist
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person37" type="surname" value="Thrist"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person37" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person37" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner died on the eighteenth of March, and on the nineteenth I went to a neighbour's house for a pennyworth of beer, and this Mr. Walker sat there, and he had got a hat out of pawn, and had something more than usual; I told Mr. Burt, the man that keeps the house, that I had a pair of shoes to sell, which were too big for my husband, and belonged to a man that hangs in chains, so the Prisoner bid me fetch them: Mr. Burt said they will not sit me; and a little Girl, that cannot speak plain, said they had stole Hill's body, and the Prisoner making remonstrances against carcass butchers, I said that was worse than being a carcass butcher; he said, blast his eyes and limbs, if he was not the man that put him into his coffin; I said, if you did, you are very good; but afterwards I found, that the coffin, shroud and body, were sold to a surgeon. I acquainted Francis Hill's sister with it, and she was like a madwoman.</p>
<p>Q. How did you come to know this?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person38"> Mary Thrift
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person38" type="surname" value="Thrift"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person38" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person38" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I met a woman, and I said I was going into St. Thomas's-street for the body and the coffin; she said you need not give yourself the trouble, for she saw him at a surgeon's in Hart-street, Covent Garden, and the husband of the woman, who saw the body in the morning, gave the account of it; I went with Mrs. Hill to Mr. Champante's, and I said I was the executioner's wife, and came for Hill's clothes, for I thought I should find it out by making an enquiry
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200004"/> after them, and upon the lid of the coffin there stood the man's head like a barber's block, but not defaced; said I to Mrs. Hill, do you know that man's face? yes, she said, she had reason to know it, and they shewed me the shroud, which was bloody, and offered it to me, and I said, if that was all the clothes they might keep that: Then I went to Justice Broadhead, and got a warrant for the Prisoner Walker; my husband and I went to his lodging, went up stairs, and my husband said he had got a warrant for him; the Prisoner said, what is it about the buttons? no, said my husband, it is about the coffin and shroud; and he at last owned, that he sold the coffin, shroud, and the body, to Mr. Champante, and he said Jemmy Taylor and
<persName id="t17480420-1-person39"> Robert Hawkins
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person39" type="surname" value="Hawkins"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person39" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person39" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> were concerned with them; and Mr. Champante said, that a man in a blue waistcoat sold them to him.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person40"> John Thrift
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person40" type="surname" value="Thrift"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person40" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person40" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I desire to be heard a few words, for I am likely to be murdered by these people, [meaning the prisoner and his confederates.]</p>
<p>Q. What do you know about the matter?</p>
<p>Thrift. This man's wife [pointing to Mr. Wright] and another person with her, came to me, and enquired whether I knew any thing of the body; I said I knew nothing of the matter; and I said, I am going with a man that is to be hanged in chains; they asked me if I knew
<persName id="t17480420-1-person41"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person41" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person41" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person41" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and we trapanned him about the buttons. I got a warrant and went to his lodging, and he said, what do you come about the buttons? for they sold pewter buttons for silver; I said no, I came to him upon another account, I came about the coffin and shroud, and I said there must be more concerned; he confessed to me the taking the body, coffin and shroud together, and that he sold it to Mr. Champante, a surgeon in Hart-street, and he would have been an evidence. I did not care to go to the surgeon's myself, they know me so well, so my wife went there with Mrs. Hill.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I desire Mr. Champante the surgeon may be called.</p>
<p>Mr. Champante sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Champante. There were four strange men came into my surgery, and asked me if I would buy a body which was executed that day; I told them, if they would bring it privately about eleven o'clock at night, I would gratify them for it, and I never saw any of the persons since.</p>
<p>Q. Was the Prisoner one of them?</p>
<p>Champante. I cannot swear it, my Lord. I gave a guinea to one of the four men, but I do not know that I saw the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Mrs. Wright. My Lord, I desire he may be asked, whether he did not own that the Prisoner was one of the men, and that he had them of the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. Did you say so to any Person?</p>
<p>Champante. No, my Lord, I did not.</p>
<p>Mrs. Wright. It is ill manners to break in upon the court; but I went to see Mr. Champante; I spoke to the maid, and said I wanted to speak to Mr. Champante, and she said at seven o'clock my master will be at home. I went and saw Mr. Champante, I told him my business, and that I had taken up the Prisoner, and would prosecute him; I said, must I give you a Subpoena, or will you come freely? he said I will come; and Mr. Champante said that he knew Walker the Prisoner, and that he paid the guinea to him.</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever declare to Mr. Wright or Mrs. Wright, or any body, that you knew the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Champante. No; and I do not know the Prisoner at the bar. When the four men came and offered me the body, I said if they would come privately at eleven o'clock at night, I would give them so much money for it.</p>
<p>Prisoner to the Prosecutor. What house was this body taken out of?</p>
<p>Mrs. Wright. I do not know the house; I was told it was an empty house, and that I might put the body into it; that the landlady lived in May Fair, and that I need not be afraid of any thing; for I was willing to have leave, that I might not come into any trouble about it.</p>
<p>Jury. I should be glad to know who provided this room that the body was put into.</p>
<p>Mary Hill. I did; it was an old empty house ready to fall down; Mr. Wright said he would pay for it, because I was not able.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I desire
<persName id="t17480420-1-person42"> Mary Parker
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person42" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person42" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person42" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> may be called.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person43"> Mary Parker
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person43" type="surname" value="Parker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person43" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person43" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . My Lord, it was an empty house, there was no body in it but myself; there is neither lock nor bolt to it.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person44"> John Thrift
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person44" type="surname" value="Thrift"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person44" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person44" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I know it is an empty house, my Lord.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the body carried away?</p>
<p>Parker. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know who did it?</p>
<p>Parker. No.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person45"> William Wolfe
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person45" type="surname" value="Wolfe"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person45" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person45" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner has been a watchman in our parish four years, and always behaved in a handsome manner, and I do not believe he is guilty of this thing.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200005"/>Mrs. Wright. He says so, because he keeps a gin shop. Walker and they go there.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person46"> William Bulman
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person46" type="surname" value="Bulman"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person46" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person46" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner eight or nine years, he is a
<rs id="t17480420-1-deflabel3" type="occupation">leather clogmaker</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-1-defend31 t17480420-1-deflabel3"/>, he worked journeywork with me, and behaved well during the time he was with me, and I never heard any ill of him; his general character in the world is very good.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person47"> Mary Upton
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person47" type="surname" value="Upton"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person47" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person47" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I know he is a very honest man.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-1-person48"> William Gallard
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person48" type="surname" value="Gallard"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person48" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-person48" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known him three years, and know him to be a worthy honest fellow.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-1-verdict4" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-1-verdict4" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-1-verdict4" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480420-1-punish5" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-1-punish5" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-1-defend31 t17480420-1-punish5"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-2">
<interp inst="t17480420-2" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-2-off7-c47" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-2-defend50 t17480420-2-off7 t17480420-2-verdict11"/>
<persName id="t17480420-2-defend50" type="defendantName"> Thomas Fores
<interp inst="t17480420-2-defend50" type="surname" value="Fores"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-defend50" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-defend50" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-2-defloc6">St. George's, Hanover-Square</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-defloc6" type="placeName" value="St. George's, Hanover-Square"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-defloc6" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-2-defend50 t17480420-2-defloc6"/>, was indicted, for that
<rs id="t17480420-2-off7" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-2-off7" type="offenceCategory" value="sexual"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-off7" type="offenceSubcategory" value="bigamy"/> he, on the sixteenth day of August, in the fifteenth year of his Majesty's reign, at the parish of St. Bride's, in London, did marry, and to
<rs id="t17480420-2-viclabel8" type="occupation">wife</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-2-victim52 t17480420-2-viclabel8"/> take,
<persName id="t17480420-2-victim52" type="victimName"> Elizabeth Hodgson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-victim52" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-victim52" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-victim52" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster; and that he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-2-person53"> Thomas Fores
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person53" type="surname" value="Fores"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person53" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person53" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , on the
<rs id="t17480420-2-cd9" type="crimeDate">eighth day of March</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-2-off7 t17480420-2-cd9"/> last, did feloniously marry, and to wife take,
<persName id="t17480420-2-victim55" type="victimName"> Carolina Clarke
<interp inst="t17480420-2-victim55" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-victim55" type="given" value="Carolina"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-victim55" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , spinster, his said wife Elizabeth being then living, and in full life </rs>, against the form of the Statute in that case made and provided, &c.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-2-person56"> John Crook
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person56" type="surname" value="Crook"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person56" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person56" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner at the bar,
<persName id="t17480420-2-person57"> Thomas Fores
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person57" type="surname" value="Fores"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person57" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person57" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Crook. Yes. On the sixteenth of August next it will be seven years, that the Prisoner called me out of Bed, and desired I would go with
<persName id="t17480420-2-person58"> Elizabeth Hodgson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person58" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person58" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person58" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> and him, for he was going to be married; I went with them, and gave her away.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you go to?</p>
<p>Crook. To the Fleet; the minister is dead, but Mr. Lilly was the clerk, and he has the books.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the person's name?</p>
<p>Crook. No.</p>
<p>Q. Was there a person there?</p>
<p>Crook. There was a person that appeared like one; the same person married me and my wife too.</p>
<p>Q. What passed there?</p>
<p>Crook. They read the ceremony.</p>
<p>Q. Was there a Common prayer Book brought?</p>
<p>Crook. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was the Matrimonial Service read over?</p>
<p>Crook. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long since did you see the Prisoner's first wife and he together?</p>
<p>Crook. I believe about five years ago.</p>
<p>Q. Is
<persName id="t17480420-2-person59"> Elizabeth Hodgson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person59" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person59" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person59" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> living?</p>
<p>Crook. Yes, she is just by.</p>
<p>Q. How long might they live together?</p>
<p>Crook. I believe about three years and an half; he has been gone from her about three years.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-2-person60"> Thomas Middleton
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person60" type="surname" value="Middleton"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person60" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person60" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the Prisoner and this
<persName id="t17480420-2-person61"> Elizabeth Hodgson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person61" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person61" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person61" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> living together?</p>
<p>Middleton. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of their being married?</p>
<p>Middleton. No.</p>
<p>Q. And did he own her as his wife on all occasions?</p>
<p>Middleton. I never heard any thing to the contrary.</p>
<p>Q. Did they treat each other as man and wife?</p>
<p>Middleton. Yes, the same as I treat my wife.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known them?</p>
<p>Middleton. About six years.</p>
<p>Q. And how long do you know that they lived together?</p>
<p>Middleton. About three years, to my knowledge.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-2-person62"> Hannah Wilson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person62" type="surname" value="Wilson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person62" type="given" value="Hannah"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person62" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the Prisoner's being married to
<persName id="t17480420-2-person63"> Elizabeth Hodgson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person63" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person63" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person63" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Wilson. I do not know any thing of their marriage.</p>
<p>Q. Did they live together as man and wife?</p>
<p>Wilson. Yes; I often went to see them.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the time when the marriage was talked of?</p>
<p>Wilson. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long did they live together after that time?</p>
<p>Wilson. About three years.</p>
<p>Q. How came they to live asunder afterwards?</p>
<p>Wilson. He sold all the goods off, and left her with two children.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-2-person64"> Carolina Clarke
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person64" type="surname" value="Clarke"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person64" type="given" value="Carolina"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person64" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of the Prisone being married to
<persName id="t17480420-2-person65"> Elizabeth Hodgson
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person65" type="surname" value="Hodgson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person65" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-person65" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ?</p>
<p>Clarke. I do not know any thing of the marriage.</p>
<p>Court. Give your own account of it.</p>
<p>Clarke. I was married at May-Fair Chapel the eighth of March last.</p>
<p>Q. To who?</p>
<p>Clarke. To the Prisoner.</p>
<p>Q. What is the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Clarke. He
<rs id="t17480420-2-deflabel10" type="occupation">drove a hackney coach</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-2-defend50 t17480420-2-deflabel10"/> for my father.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to marry him?</p>
<p>Clarke. He courted me.</p>
<p>Q. You never heard, I suppose, of his being married before?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200006"/>Clarke. No, I never suspected or imagined any thing of it.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to hear of another marriage?</p>
<p>Clarke. A person came and acquainted me with it.</p>
<p>Q. Who married you?</p>
<p>Clarke I cannot tell the name.</p>
<p>Q. How long did he drive for your father?</p>
<p>Clarke. About twelve months.</p>
<p>Q. How came it that you did not hear in twelve months time whether he was married or not?</p>
<p>Clarke. He had lodged two years in the neighbourhood, and I heard he was a man of a good character.</p>
<p>Coun. They have matrimony wrote in their foreheads.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Both her another and herself had heard I was married before.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-2-verdict11" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-2-verdict11" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-2-punish12" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-2-punish12" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-2-punish12" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-2-defend50 t17480420-2-punish12"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-3">
<interp inst="t17480420-3" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-3-off14-c61" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend67 t17480420-3-off14 t17480420-3-verdict17"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-3-off14-c62" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend69 t17480420-3-off14 t17480420-3-verdict17"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-3-off14-c63" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend70 t17480420-3-off14 t17480420-3-verdict17"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-3-off18-c61" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend67 t17480420-3-off18 t17480420-3-verdict17"/>
<p>180. + 181. + 182. +
<persName id="t17480420-3-defend67" type="defendantName"> Sophia Fitzsimmonds , otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-3-alias-1" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend67 t17480420-3-alias-1"/>Wilson</rs>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend67" type="surname" value="Fitzsimmonds"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend67" type="given" value="Sophia"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend67" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> ,
<persName id="t17480420-3-defend69" type="defendantName"> Ann Sanders
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend69" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend69" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend69" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17480420-3-defend70" type="defendantName"> Margaret Hill
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend70" type="surname" value="Hill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend70" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defend70" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-3-defloc13">St. Giles's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defloc13" type="placeName" value="St. Giles's in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-defloc13" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend67 t17480420-3-defloc13"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend69 t17480420-3-defloc13"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-defend70 t17480420-3-defloc13"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-3-off14" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-3-off14" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-off14" type="offenceSubcategory" value="robbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17480420-3-victim72" type="victimName"> Edward Warman Underwood
<interp inst="t17480420-3-victim72" type="surname" value="Warman Underwood"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-victim72" type="given" value="Edward"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-victim72" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the dwelling house of the said Margaret Hill, putting him in fear, and taking from him a silver watch, value 40 s. a watch chain, value 5 s. two seals, value 5 s. 6 d. and 5 s. in money, the property of the said
<persName id="t17480420-3-person73"> Edward Warman Underwood
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person73" type="surname" value="Underwood"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person73" type="given" value="Edward Warman"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person73" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , from his person and against his will, in the dwellinghouse of the said Margaret Hill </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-3-cd15" type="crimeDate">April the third</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-off14 t17480420-3-cd15"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-off18 t17480420-3-cd15"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-3-person74"> Edward Warman Underwood
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person74" type="surname" value="Underwood"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person74" type="given" value="Edward Warman"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person74" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the third of April the Prisoners took from me a silver watch and chain, five shillings in money, and a cane.</p>
<p>Q. Where did they do this?</p>
<p>Underwood. At a house up an alley.</p>
<p>Q. How came you there?</p>
<p>Underwood. They took me up there.</p>
<p>Q. Where was you?</p>
<p>Underwood. In
<placeName id="t17480420-3-crimeloc16">Drury-Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-crimeloc16" type="placeName" value="Drury-Lane"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-crimeloc16" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-off14 t17480420-3-crimeloc16"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-off18 t17480420-3-crimeloc16"/>; and as I was going along they picked me up, and carried me up an alley.</p>
<p>Q. What all three?</p>
<p>Underwood. Yes; those are the three.</p>
<p>Q. What are their names?</p>
<p>Underwood. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Which of the three spoke to you first?</p>
<p>Underwood. The tall one [ Fitzsimmonds ] and the other two came along with her; they all came into the alley with me, and enticed me into the house.</p>
<p>Prisoner's Coun. I was ordered to make an objection against his evidence, as being a person of a weak mind, and under the care of a nurse.</p>
<p>Q. to Underwood. What are you?</p>
<p>Underwood. I am a cardmaker.</p>
<p>Q. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Underwood. On Windmilhill.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this?</p>
<p>Underwood. About eleven o'clock at night; I was going home.</p>
<p>Q. From whence?</p>
<p>Underwood. Out of the Strand, and I was going home Drury-Lane way.</p>
<p>Q. Where about in Drury-Lane was this?</p>
<p>Underwood. Just against the playhouse.</p>
<p>Q. Now what did they do to you?</p>
<p>Underwood. They took my watch and chain, a cane and five shillings.</p>
<p>Q. What did you say to them?</p>
<p>Underwood. Nothing: I went out of the house when they had robbed me, and they all run out of the house.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to have them again?</p>
<p>Underwood. I went to the watchouse, and the constable and watchmen took them.</p>
<p>Q. You said the tall woman enticed you into the house, what did she say to you?</p>
<p>Underwood. She asked me to give her a dram.</p>
<p>Q. Did you know her?</p>
<p>Underwood. No.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you go there;</p>
<p>Underwood. Because they carried me up.</p>
<p>Q. Was you in liquor?</p>
<p>Underwood. Yes, a little.</p>
<p>Mr. Barnard (the constable.) On Thursday the third instant,
<persName id="t17480420-3-person75"> Ann Sanders
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person75" type="surname" value="Sanders"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person75" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person75" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> was brought to the watch-house by one of the watchmen, (I was out of the watch-house then) and when I came in this man told me he had been robbed in an alley by three women, but he did not know the name of the alley, and he said he had spent eighteen pence.</p>
<p>Q. Did you find the watch?</p>
<p>Barnard. No. I found the came in the house; this is the cane. When I went to the house, a man said he was going to bed, but with some solicitations the door was opened, and I found only one man in the house: I was told the landlady was gone to the Fox: I observed a closer, opened the door, and there I found Fitzsimmonds and Margaret Hill shut up in the closet.</p>
<p>Q. to the Prisoner. Is that cane yours?</p>
<p>Underwood. Yes.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200007"/>Q. What did they do with your cane?</p>
<p>Underwood. They took it from me, and put it into the other room.</p>
<p>Q. Were there two rooms on that floor?</p>
<p>Underwood. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What room was you in?</p>
<p>Underwood. In the back room.</p>
<p>Barnard. I found the cane in the back room.</p>
<p>Q. What did they do further to you?</p>
<p>Underwood. One of them had got a club in her hand and threatened to knock me down, then she threw me * down upon the bed, and took my watch from me.</p>
<p>* The Prosecutor is an old infirm man.</p>
<p>Q. Who was that?</p>
<p>Underwood. Margaret Hill.</p>
<p>Q. Was not you very drunk?</p>
<p>Underwood. I was a little.</p>
<p>Q. How much did you spend?</p>
<p>Underwood. They charged me eighteen pence.</p>
<p>Q. What liquor had you?</p>
<p>Underwood. It was a sort of punch.</p>
<p>Q. Did you drink it?</p>
<p>Underwood. I did not call for any, but they charged me eighteen pence, and stopped me afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. Had you any criminal conversation with them?</p>
<p>Underwood. No; I only kissed them, and that was all.</p>
<p>Q. You say you was not above ten minutes in the house, were they all in the room all the while you was there?</p>
<p>Underwood. Yes.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-3-verdict17" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-3-verdict17" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-3-person76"> Sophia Fitzsimonds
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person76" type="surname" value="Fitzsimonds"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person76" type="given" value="Sophia"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-person76" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-3-off18" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-3-off18" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-off18" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silver watch, value 4 l. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-3-victim78" type="victimName"> George Townsend
<interp inst="t17480420-3-victim78" type="surname" value="Townsend"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-victim78" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-victim78" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-3-cd19" type="crimeDate">April 1</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-off14 t17480420-3-cd19"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-3-off18 t17480420-3-cd19"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-3-verdict20" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-3-verdict20" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-3-verdict20" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> Prosecutor not appearing she was acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-4">
<interp inst="t17480420-4" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-4-off22-c70" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-defend79 t17480420-4-off22 t17480420-4-verdict25"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-4-off22-c71" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-defend81 t17480420-4-off22 t17480420-4-verdict25"/>
<p>183. + 184. +
<persName id="t17480420-4-defend79" type="defendantName"> Mary Scott
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defend79" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defend79" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defend79" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17480420-4-defend81" type="defendantName"> Mary Atkins
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defend81" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defend81" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defend81" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-4-defloc21">St. Mary Matsellon, otherwise Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defloc21" type="placeName" value="St. Mary Matsellon, otherwise Whitechapel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-defloc21" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-defend79 t17480420-4-defloc21"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-defend81 t17480420-4-defloc21"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-4-off22" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-4-off22" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-off22" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing two handkerchiefs, value 12 d. a guinea, and five shillings, the property of
<persName id="t17480420-4-victim83" type="victimName"> John Davies
<interp inst="t17480420-4-victim83" type="surname" value="Davies"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-victim83" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-victim83" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-off22 t17480420-4-victim83"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-4-cd23" type="crimeDate">March 18</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-off22 t17480420-4-cd23"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-4-person84"> John Davies
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person84" type="surname" value="Davies"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person84" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person84" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The eighteenth of March I was coming home from Ratcliff Cross, about seven o'clock at night, and I met with a couple of women, and I went to an alehouse on
<placeName id="t17480420-4-crimeloc24">Tower-Hill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-crimeloc24" type="placeName" value="Tower-Hill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-crimeloc24" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-4-off22 t17480420-4-crimeloc24"/>; one of them is the woman, and the other is not.</p>
<p>Q. Which of the Prisoners was with you?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-4-person85"> Mary Atkins
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person85" type="surname" value="Atkins"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person85" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person85" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you was willing to go along with them?</p>
<p>Davies. I suppose I was.</p>
<p>Q. Where did you go then?</p>
<p>Davies. I went up stairs.</p>
<p>Q. What into a bedchamber.</p>
<p>Davies. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long did you stay?</p>
<p>Davies. About half an hour, or less.</p>
<p>Q. What did you stay with both?</p>
<p>Davies. No, one was sent for immediately, and Atkins would have me come to know where she lived, that I might come to see her another time; she said she was in hast, and we went into Rosemary-Lane; then I went to another house with her.</p>
<p>Q. So you went into another house with her?</p>
<p>Davies. I don't know whether I was in the house or in the alley, but they carried me up stairs.</p>
<p>Q. Did you walk up stairs, or did they carry you?</p>
<p>Q. No: I went up stairs.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you had a mind to go?</p>
<p>Davies. I believe I had; this woman Scott, brought up the liquor, and another old woman came into the room.</p>
<p>Q. Did she stay?</p>
<p>Davies. No, she hardly came into the room, and I was to be concerned with her.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lose any thing?</p>
<p>Davies. I had a guinea in gold, and five shillings in silver, and they were for getting into my breeches-pocket as fast as they could.</p>
<p>Q. Which of them?</p>
<p>Davies. I can't tell which; the candle went out, and I went down stairs, and I could not find my way out, and the old woman lighted me out.</p>
<p>Q. What did you lose?</p>
<p>Davies. I lost two handkerchiefs, a guinea, and a crown.</p>
<p>Q. Which of the Prisoners took them?</p>
<p>Davies. Either of the two, I can't tell which.</p>
<p>Q. Was that all you had?</p>
<p>Davies. I had twenty nine shillings and four pence halfpeny.</p>
<p>Q. Were they both in the room when you lost your money?</p>
<p>Davies. I can't tell.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lie down in any house?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200008"/>Davies. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you lie down in the first house?</p>
<p>Davies. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you put your hand in your pocket when you came out of the first house?</p>
<p>Davies. I don't know?</p>
<p>Prisoner Scott. I have nothing to say. I am a hard working woman.</p>
<p>Pris. Atkins. I was going to my mother's, and the young woman was going home; Mr. Davies asked me where I was going, and I said, I was going towards Tower-Hill, and he was very much in liquor, and asked me to go into a house on Tower-Hill; I told him, I did not know any house of that kind, for I am not used to any such thing, and he pulled and hauled me into the house, and forced me to go up stairs, and threw me down upon the bed by main force.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-4-person86"> Margaret Brown
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person86" type="surname" value="Brown"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person86" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person86" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I am servant to an earthenware woman; I have known
<persName id="t17480420-4-person87"> Margaret Scott
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person87" type="surname" value="Scott"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person87" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person87" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> a year and a half, and she bears a very good character.</p>
<p>Mary Hall. I have known Scott two years, I never heard that she bore a bad character.</p>
<p>Q. Is she a sober woman?</p>
<p>Hall. I know nothing to the contrary.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-4-person88"> Mary Munday
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person88" type="surname" value="Munday"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person88" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-4-person88" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known Scott twelve months, and she might have robbed me several times, and never did.</p>
<p>Q. What is your business?</p>
<p>Munday. Pedling; selling muslin, handkerchiefs, ribbands, and a great many other things.</p>
<p>Eliz. Bedford. I live in little Queen-street, Holborn; I know Scott to be a very honest woman, and works hard for her bread. I never knew her wrong any body, and she deals with the nobility for pheasants, &c. she has been trusted with me at my Lord Castlemain's.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-4-verdict25" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-4-verdict25" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-5">
<interp inst="t17480420-5" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-5-off27-c78" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-defend90 t17480420-5-off27 t17480420-5-verdict33"/>
<persName id="t17480420-5-defend90" type="defendantName"> John Jones
<interp inst="t17480420-5-defend90" type="surname" value="Jones"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-defend90" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-defend90" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-5-defloc26">St. James's Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-defloc26" type="placeName" value="St. James's Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-defloc26" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-defend90 t17480420-5-defloc26"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-5-off27" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-5-off27" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-off27" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver mug, value 20 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-5-victim92" type="victimName"> John Matthews
<interp inst="t17480420-5-victim92" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-victim92" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-victim92" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-off27 t17480420-5-victim92"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-5-cd28" type="crimeDate">March 16</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-off27 t17480420-5-cd28"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-5-person93"> John Matthews
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person93" type="surname" value="Matthews"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person93" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person93" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17480420-5-viclabel29" type="occupation">keep a publick house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-victim92 t17480420-5-viclabel29"/>; the Prisoner came for half a pint of purl, and held the mug down by his side, and in about five minutes time it was missed. I lost it the 16th of March, and had it again of Mr. Rumbold the 25th.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-5-person94"> Ann Roose
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person94" type="surname" value="Roose"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person94" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person94" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner was in my master's house, at the
<placeName id="t17480420-5-crimeloc30">Oxford-Arms</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-crimeloc30" type="placeName" value="Oxford-Arms"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-crimeloc30" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-off27 t17480420-5-crimeloc30"/> in
<placeName id="t17480420-5-crimeloc31">Piccadilly</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-crimeloc31" type="placeName" value="Piccadilly"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-crimeloc31" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-off27 t17480420-5-crimeloc31"/>, and I missed the mug five minutes after he went out.</p>
<p>Mrs. Hopper. About the 16th of March, the Prisoner brought this mug to me, and asked twenty five shillings on it. I asked him whether it was his own, and he said, no : but he had it of a sufficient housekeeper, and I lent him twenty shillings on it; and seeing an advertisement about it, I sent it to Mr. Matthews. I said, Mr. Jones, I believe you are an honest man, but I can't lend you so much, and I did take him to be an honest man. I have taken in goods of him often, he was a
<rs id="t17480420-5-deflabel32" type="occupation">ticket porter</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-defend90 t17480420-5-deflabel32"/>; the Prisoner said, he took it in a joke, because Mr. Matthews was his countryman.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-5-person95"> Roger Whitfield
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person95" type="surname" value="Whitfield"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person95" type="given" value="Roger"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person95" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner between four and five years, and never knew any thing amiss of him; he lodged in my house part of the time.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-5-person96"> Mary Phillips
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person96" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person96" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person96" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about five years, he lodged in my house some time, and I always had a good opinion of him.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-5-person97"> Evan Evass
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person97" type="surname" value="Evass"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person97" type="given" value="Evan"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-5-person97" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner worked for me five or six years, and I would have trusted him with untold gold.</p>
<p>Mr. Restall. I have known him a great while, I never took him to be a rogue, but I took him to be a very great fool.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-5-verdict33" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-5-verdict33" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-5-punish34" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-5-punish34" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-5-defend90 t17480420-5-punish34"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-6">
<interp inst="t17480420-6" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-6-off36-c85" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-defend98 t17480420-6-off36 t17480420-6-verdict40"/>
<persName id="t17480420-6-defend98" type="defendantName"> Isabella Butler , otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-6-alias-2" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-defend98 t17480420-6-alias-2"/>Blake</rs>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-defend98" type="surname" value="Butler"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-defend98" type="given" value="Isabella"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-defend98" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-6-defloc35">St. Mary Whitechapel</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-defloc35" type="placeName" value="St. Mary Whitechapel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-defloc35" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-defend98 t17480420-6-defloc35"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-6-off36" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-6-off36" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-off36" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver spoon. value 12 s. a box-iron and two heaters, val. 8 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-6-victim100" type="victimName"> Eleanor Stewart
<interp inst="t17480420-6-victim100" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-victim100" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-victim100" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-off36 t17480420-6-victim100"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-6-cd37" type="crimeDate">Dec. 17</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-off36 t17480420-6-cd37"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-6-person101"> Eleanor Stewart
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person101" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person101" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person101" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . The Prisoner came in and called for a pint of beer, the spoon was in the kitchen. I went into the bar, and in the mean time it was gone; I went to the Prisoner's lodging, but could not find her, but I found the spoon at the house of one Mrs. Tunbridge's in Chambers-street.</p>
<p>Q. Whose house is that where the things were stole?</p>
<p>Stewart. Mr. Wood's, at the
<placeName id="t17480420-6-crimeloc38">Rosemary Branch</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-crimeloc38" type="placeName" value="Rosemary Branch"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-crimeloc38" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-off36 t17480420-6-crimeloc38"/>, in
<placeName id="t17480420-6-crimeloc39">Rosemary Lane</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-crimeloc39" type="placeName" value="Rosemary Lane"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-crimeloc39" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-off36 t17480420-6-crimeloc39"/>, Mrs. Wood is my aunt, they brought me up from a child; the Prisoner owned the spoon was sold for 9 s. and three halfpence. The Prisoner is a drunken, disorderly body, this box-iron was taken out of her lap, which is mine.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-6-person102"> Mary Gabriel
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person102" type="surname" value="Gabriel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person102" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person102" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I saw this box-iron in her apron: I thought she had money in it, and I said, I would see, and I took it out.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-6-person103"> Eleanor Wood
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person103" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person103" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person103" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I have been daily robbed by the Prisoner; the spoon was lost the 16th or 17th of Dec. I saw the box-iron taken out of her lap.</p>
<p>Isabella Buckworth. I saw the spoon lie in the dish either the 16th or 17th of Dec.</p>
<p>Joseph Gould. I bought a spoon of the Prisoner's mother, and gave 9 s. and three halfpence for it. I know nothing of the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-6-person104"> Eleanor Stewart
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person104" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person104" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person104" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . This is my spoon, it is marked I. S. I bought it in the Minories the day Lord
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200009"/> Lovat was beheaded, and gave 12 s. and 6 d. for it: I believe the Prisoner's mother is a very honest woman.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-6-person105"> John Thornlow
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person105" type="surname" value="Thornlow"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person105" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person105" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had the spoon from justice Duckinfields.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I bought the spoon of a man in the Minories for 4 s. and gave it my mother to sell.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-6-person106"> Eleanor Stewart
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person106" type="surname" value="Stewart"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person106" type="given" value="Eleanor"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-person106" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . She came in for half a pint of beer, and there was no body in the kitchen but myself and my two little boys.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-6-verdict40" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-6-verdict40" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-6-punish41" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-6-punish41" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-6-punish41" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-6-defend98 t17480420-6-punish41"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-7">
<interp inst="t17480420-7" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-7-off43-c93" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-defend107 t17480420-7-off43 t17480420-7-verdict47"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-7-off49-c93" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-defend107 t17480420-7-off49 t17480420-7-verdict47"/>
<p>187. +
<persName id="t17480420-7-defend107" type="defendantName"> Mary Watson
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defend107" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defend107" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defend107" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-7-defloc42">St. Paul Covent Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defloc42" type="placeName" value="St. Paul Covent Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defloc42" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-defend107 t17480420-7-defloc42"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-7-off43" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-7-off43" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-off43" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a large parcel of linen, some knives and forks, and some books, &c. to the val. of upwards of 40 s. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-7-victim109" type="victimName"> Joseph Brackstone
<interp inst="t17480420-7-victim109" type="surname" value="Brackstone"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-victim109" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-victim109" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> in his dwelling house </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-7-cd44" type="crimeDate">March the 12th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-off43 t17480420-7-cd44"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-off49 t17480420-7-cd44"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-7-person110"> Joseph Brackstone
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person110" type="surname" value="Brackstone"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person110" type="given" value="Joseph"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person110" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17480420-7-viclabel45" type="occupation">keep a shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-victim109 t17480420-7-viclabel45"/>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-victim117 t17480420-7-viclabel45"/> in
<placeName id="t17480420-7-crimeloc46">York-street Covent-Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-crimeloc46" type="placeName" value="York-street Covent-Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-crimeloc46" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-off43 t17480420-7-crimeloc46"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-off49 t17480420-7-crimeloc46"/>. This
<persName id="t17480420-7-person111"> Mary Watson
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person111" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person111" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person111" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> had been employed at my house about a year and an half. We missed several things, and asked her whether she had taken any thing from us; she said, she had taken one tablecloth, and afterwards she confessed she had taken more. I found some of the things at her lodging, and she confessed there, that she took them out of my house; and I found some at a Pawnbroker's.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-7-person112"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person112" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person112" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person112" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 12th of March Mr. Brackstone had got a warrant to search for some mercery and woollendrapery goods; and searching for these things were found in her lodging, and she confessed she took them out of Mr. Brackstone's house.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-7-person113"> James Gray
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person113" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person113" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person113" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I had a search-warrant from Justice Burdus, and I found at a pawnbroker's a parcel of linen, consisting of napkins, tablecloths, neckcloths, &c. she had sent a letter to the pawnbroker to lay them by, and I found them out by that.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-7-verdict47" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-7-verdict47" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-verdict47" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Guilty 39 s. </rs> </p>
<persName id="t17480420-7-person114"> Mary Watson
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person114" type="surname" value="Watson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person114" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person114" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-7-defloc48">St. Ann Westminster</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defloc48" type="placeName" value="St. Ann Westminster"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-defloc48" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-defend107 t17480420-7-defloc48"/>, was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-7-off49" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-7-off49" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-off49" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing three yards of scarlet cloth, value 20 s. seventeen yards of camlet, twenty two yards of shalloon, some sustian bays, &c. to the value of 50 s. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-7-person115"> William Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person115" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person115" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person115" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in the dwelling house of the said
<persName id="t17480420-7-victim117" type="victimName"> William Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-7-victim117" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-victim117" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-victim117" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-7-cd50" type="crimeDate">March 2</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-off43 t17480420-7-cd50"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-off49 t17480420-7-cd50"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-7-person118"> John Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person118" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person118" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person118" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner was left to take care of my father's house, and we lost twenty two yards of shalloon, and other woollendrapery and mercery goods, and other things; she owned she took them out of the shop, and that she cut them off the piece.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-7-person119"> James Gray
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person119" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person119" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person119" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner owned the taking these goods in the dwelling house of
<persName id="t17480420-7-person120"> William Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person120" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person120" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-person120" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<rs id="t17480420-7-verdict51" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-7-verdict51" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-7-verdict51" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder40s"/> Guilty 39 s. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480420-7-punish52" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-7-punish52" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-7-defend107 t17480420-7-punish52"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-8">
<interp inst="t17480420-8" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-8-off54-c105" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-defend122 t17480420-8-off54 t17480420-8-verdict58"/>
<persName id="t17480420-8-defend122" type="defendantName"> John Chadwick
<interp inst="t17480420-8-defend122" type="surname" value="Chadwick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-defend122" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-defend122" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-8-defloc53">St. Michael Cornhill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-defloc53" type="placeName" value="St. Michael Cornhill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-defloc53" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-defend122 t17480420-8-defloc53"/> was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-8-off54" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-8-off54" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-off54" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pettyLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 10 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-8-victim124" type="victimName"> John Collins
<interp inst="t17480420-8-victim124" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-victim124" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-victim124" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-off54 t17480420-8-victim124"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-8-cd55" type="crimeDate">March 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-off54 t17480420-8-cd55"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-8-person125"> John Collins
<interp inst="t17480420-8-person125" type="surname" value="Collins"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-person125" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-person125" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On Tuesday the 29th of March I was passing along between
<placeName id="t17480420-8-crimeloc56">Cornhill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-crimeloc56" type="placeName" value="Cornhill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-crimeloc56" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-off54 t17480420-8-crimeloc56"/> and
<placeName id="t17480420-8-crimeloc57">Exchange Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-crimeloc57" type="placeName" value="Exchange Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-8-crimeloc57" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-off54 t17480420-8-crimeloc57"/>, and missed my handkerchief; I turned round to see who was the most likely person to take it, and I saw the Prisoner endeavouring to skreen himself in the croud; I took hold of his arm, and he was stuffing a handkerchief which I knew to be mine into his bosom; this is the handkerchief, the Prisoner's mother said that he is got into ill company, and it would be worse for him if he did not go to sea.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-8-verdict58" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-8-verdict58" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-8-punish59" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-8-punish59" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-8-defend122 t17480420-8-punish59"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-9">
<interp inst="t17480420-9" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-9-off60-c108" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-9-defend127 t17480420-9-off60 t17480420-9-verdict64"/>
<persName id="t17480420-9-defend127" type="defendantName"> John Chadwick
<interp inst="t17480420-9-defend127" type="surname" value="Chadwick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-defend127" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-defend127" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-9-off60" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-9-off60" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-off60" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 1 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-9-victim129" type="victimName"> Richard Salter
<interp inst="t17480420-9-victim129" type="surname" value="Salter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-victim129" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-victim129" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-9-off60 t17480420-9-victim129"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17480420-9-person130"> Richard Salter
<interp inst="t17480420-9-person130" type="surname" value="Salter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-person130" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-person130" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in
<placeName id="t17480420-9-crimeloc61">Bartholomew-Close</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-crimeloc61" type="placeName" value="Bartholomew-Close"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-crimeloc61" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-9-off60 t17480420-9-crimeloc61"/>, and
<rs id="t17480420-9-viclabel62" type="occupation">keep a milliner's shop</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-9-victim129 t17480420-9-viclabel62"/>, which is employment for my wife; I am a
<rs id="t17480420-9-viclabel63" type="occupation">silver wiredrawer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-9-victim129 t17480420-9-viclabel63"/>, and work up two pair of stairs; I was at work, and hearing a cry of stop thief, I run down stairs, went out immediately, and I saw a person, whose name is Whitlock, bringing the Prisoner to my shop.</p>
<p>Whitlock. As I was sitting in my master's shop, over-against Mr. Salter's, I saw the Prisoner put his hand into a sash pane which was broke, and take out a handkerchief; I cried out, Stop thief! and a young man who is here took up the handkerchief.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-9-person131"> William Wicks
<interp inst="t17480420-9-person131" type="surname" value="Wicks"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-person131" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-person131" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at work in the Surgery of St. Bartholomew Hospital, and saw the Prisoner drop it into the foundation of the New Building.</p>
<p>Salter. This is my handkerchief.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-9-verdict64" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-9-verdict64" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-9-verdict64" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480420-9-punish65" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-9-punish65" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-9-defend127 t17480420-9-punish65"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-10">
<interp inst="t17480420-10" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-10-off67-c112" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-10-defend133 t17480420-10-off67 t17480420-10-verdict69"/>
<p>190. +
<persName id="t17480420-10-defend133" type="defendantName"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17480420-10-defend133" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-defend133" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-defend133" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-10-defloc66">St. Michael Cornhill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-defloc66" type="placeName" value="St. Michael Cornhill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-defloc66" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-10-defend133 t17480420-10-defloc66"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-10-off67" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-10-off67" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-off67" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 2 s. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-10-victim135" type="victimName"> Daniel Hunt
<interp inst="t17480420-10-victim135" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-victim135" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-victim135" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-10-off67 t17480420-10-victim135"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-10-cd68" type="crimeDate">March 27</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-10-off67 t17480420-10-cd68"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-10-person136"> Daniel Hunt
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person136" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person136" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person136" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 27th of March I went to see the ruins of the fire, and I had my pocket picked of a silk mourning handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. Where was your handkerchief?</p>
<p>Hunt. In my coat pocket.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200010"/>Q. Who took it from you?</p>
<p>Hunt. It was found upon the Prisoner,
<persName id="t17480420-10-person137"> John Ward
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person137" type="surname" value="Ward"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person137" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person137" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , wiping his face with it.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that?</p>
<p>Hunt. Mr. Lawson saw him take it out of my pocket. I am sure I had this handkerchief in my pocket.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-10-person138"> Thomas Lawson
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person138" type="surname" value="Lawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person138" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-person138" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 27th of March, about half an hour after twelve at noon, I was coming by the Exchange, and the Prisoner came pretty close by my side, and I missed my handkerchief out of my pocket; Mr. Hunt passed the Prisoner just by Finch-Lane, and I saw him take that handkerchief out of Mr. Hunt's pocket; I took him by the collar, and Mr. Hunt came and took the handkerchief out of his hand; said I, you rascal, I believe you have got mine, and I pulled a bundle out of his pocket; there were some firemen came up, and they hurried him into Mr. Butler's, a linendraper, at the Golden Key, and there were five handkerchiefs in the bundle; Mr. Butler asked him how he came by them, he said he bought them in Rag-Fair; Mr. Butler unbuttoned his coat, and out dropped my handkerchief from the breast of his coat.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Where was this done?</p>
<p>Lawson. Just by Finch-Lane; I was behind you about a yard when you took Mr. Hunt's handkerchief.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know he took your handkerchief?</p>
<p>Lawson. It was found upon him, and I had it close in my pocket, that I could hardly get it out myself.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-10-verdict69" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-10-verdict69" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-10-verdict69" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480420-10-punish70" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-10-punish70" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-10-defend133 t17480420-10-punish70"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-11">
<interp inst="t17480420-11" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-11-off72-c117" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-defend140 t17480420-11-off72 t17480420-11-verdict75"/>
<p>191. +
<persName id="t17480420-11-defend140" type="defendantName"> Judith Butler , otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-11-alias-3" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-defend140 t17480420-11-alias-3"/>Archer</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-11-alias-4" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-defend140 t17480420-11-alias-4"/>Ogden</rs>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-defend140" type="surname" value="Butler"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-defend140" type="given" value="Judith"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-defend140" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-11-defloc71">St. Paul's, Covent-Garden</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-defloc71" type="placeName" value="St. Paul's, Covent-Garden"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-defloc71" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-defend140 t17480420-11-defloc71"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-11-off72" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-11-off72" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-off72" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing twenty eight pounds in money, the property of
<persName id="t17480420-11-victim142" type="victimName"> William Finch
<interp inst="t17480420-11-victim142" type="surname" value="Finch"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-victim142" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-victim142" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-off72 t17480420-11-victim142"/> </persName> , in his dwellinghouse </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-11-cd73" type="crimeDate">March 26</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-off72 t17480420-11-cd73"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-11-person143"> William Finch
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person143" type="surname" value="Finch"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person143" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person143" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . About the 11th of October last I took a publickhouse, and Mr. Crossfield, who lived in the house before, recommended the Prisoner to me for a
<rs id="t17480420-11-deflabel74" type="occupation">servant</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-defend140 t17480420-11-deflabel74"/>, and I hired her. I frequently missed money, three or four guineas at a time; this caused some uneasiness between me and my wife.</p>
<p>Q. Was the money locked up?</p>
<p>Finch. Always; and no body had the key but my wife or myself. I went into my bedchamber, and opened a box where my money was, and counted it; it was tied up in a green silk purse, there was 20 l. in the little end of the purse, and thirty guineas in the wallet end, and I missed part of the money.</p>
<p>Q. How much did you miss?</p>
<p>Finch. Upwards of twenty pounds.</p>
<p>Q. When did you miss this?</p>
<p>Finch. The 24th of March, or a day or two before. This servant was to have gone away before, but agreed to stay two or three days longer, and on the 23d she went. My wife said, she was sure that Judith had got the money; I said, Judith, I have lost a great deal of money at different times, and I believe you have got it; said she, why do you suspect me? I said, you have had a great deal of money lately, and that is the reason; she said it was remitted to her from Ireland by her uncle, to one Dr. Ryley: I went to Dr. Ryley, and told him I had lost a great deal of money lately, and that I believed the Prisoner had robbed me, and hoped he would endeavour to help me to it: I told him, that the Prisoner said her uncle had sent her some money, and that she said it was remitted to him; he said she was a very wicked woman, for it was false. She was taken the 26th of March, and there was found in a trunk, that was left at Mr. Crossfield's, a great many clothes and things that were superfluous. On the 28th day of the month, when she was in New Prison, she confessed that she had taken out of my box, which was in my bedchamber, at different times, to the amount of twenty eight pounds, and that she opened it with a false key; and there were some of her keys that would open my box better than mine.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Ask him whether he ever saw me wrong him of a farthing in his life?</p>
<p>Finch. No, my Lord, if I had, I would have prevented it.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not I behave like an honest servant while I was with you?</p>
<p>Finch. I am afraid not.</p>
<p>Q. How long did she live with you?</p>
<p>Finch. About five months.</p>
<p>Q. Is that all the money you lost?</p>
<p>Finch. No, my Lord, I believe I have lost one hundred pounds.</p>
<p>Mr. Crossfield. The Prisoner lived with me about six months, and I recommended her to Mr. Finch, thinking her to be a very honest woman, and I told her she should be welcome to be at my house, and have her victuals and drink: she left a box at my house, and there were a great many things in it, and some keys were found at my house, and there were some things found in
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200011"/> her box, which I believe she took from me. She said she took at different times out of Mr. Finch's box 28 l. she brought to me 22 s. 6 d. which she said was a present from her uncle, in order to pay her passage to Ireland; she said it was remitted to a gentleman here.</p>
<p>[The money was produced.]</p>
<p>Q. Is that the same money you had of the prisoner?</p>
<p>Crossfield. I cannot say it is exactly the same money.</p>
<p>Q. What was her uncle in Ireland?</p>
<p>Crossfield. She said he was a Romish priest.</p>
<p>Q. When was this money delivered to you?</p>
<p>Crossfield. The day after she came from Mr. Finch. It was observed that it could not be the money that she delivered to me, because that was 22 l. 6 d: and there was in the bag 22 l. 1 s.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not I give you three guineas, which I received for wages.</p>
<p>Crossfield. I believe that was the first money I received.</p>
<p>Mr. Rigg. I was present at Kentish Town when the box was opened, and the Prisoner confessed in New-Prison that she took to the amount of 28 l. at different times, out of Mr. Finch's box in his bedchamber.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-11-person144"> Michael Ball
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person144" type="surname" value="Ball"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person144" type="given" value="Michael"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person144" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went to New-Prison, and heard the Prisoner confess the taking 28 l. out of her master's box in his bedchamber.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Crossfield. I think you say there were some keys found in your house?</p>
<p>Crossfield. There were some keys found.</p>
<p>Q. You do not know who left them there?</p>
<p>Crossfield. I do not; but here is a letter from her, desiring me to deliver the money to Mr. Finch.</p>
<p>Prisoner. How can you say so?</p>
<p>Crossfield. I had it from you, Judith.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-11-person145"> James Alcock
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person145" type="surname" value="Alcock"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person145" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-person145" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have five guineas of this woman's, which she desired I would keep for her.</p>
<p>Q. When was this?</p>
<p>Alcock. I believe it was some time in January.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell you who she had it from?</p>
<p>Alcock. I understood she had it from one Dr. Ryley.</p>
<p>Q. Did she tell you so?</p>
<p>Alcock. Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did I behave honestly or not?</p>
<p>Alcock. I know nothing to the contrary.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Alcock. I belong to a publick office, and used that publickhouse where she was servant.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-11-verdict75" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-11-verdict75" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-11-verdict75" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Guilty
<rs id="t17480420-11-punish76" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-11-punish76" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-11-defend140 t17480420-11-punish76"/> Death </rs>.The jury recommended her to the court, as there was no evidence against her, but her own confession </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-12">
<interp inst="t17480420-12" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-12-off77-c122" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-12-defend146 t17480420-12-off77 t17480420-12-verdict79"/>
<p>192. +
<persName id="t17480420-12-defend146" type="defendantName"> John Taylor
<interp inst="t17480420-12-defend146" type="surname" value="Taylor"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-defend146" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-defend146" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-12-off77" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-12-off77" type="offenceCategory" value="violentTheft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-off77" type="offenceSubcategory" value="highwayRobbery"/> assaulting
<persName id="t17480420-12-victim148" type="victimName"> Mary Foster
<interp inst="t17480420-12-victim148" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-victim148" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-victim148" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-12-off77 t17480420-12-victim148"/> </persName> spinster, on the king's highway, putting her in fear, and taking from her one gold watch, set with diamonds and rubies, value one hundred pounds, one gold watch chain, set with diamonds and rubies, val. twenty pounds, one gold watch key, set with red stones, val. three pounds, two pieces of gold, val. forty shillings, and three pieces of gold coin, of the proper coin of this realm, called guineas, val. three pound three shillings, the property of the said
<persName id="t17480420-12-person149"> Mary Foster
<interp inst="t17480420-12-person149" type="surname" value="Foster"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-person149" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-person149" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-12-cd78" type="crimeDate">Jan. the 14th</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-12-off77 t17480420-12-cd78"/>.</p>
<p>[The Prisoner delivered a letter into court.]</p>
<p>Prisoner. My lord, I will give the court very little trouble, I
<rs id="t17480420-12-verdict79" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-12-verdict79" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-12-verdict79" type="verdictSubcategory" value="pleadedGuilty"/> plead guilty </rs> to the indictment.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-12-punish80" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-12-punish80" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-12-defend146 t17480420-12-punish80"/> Death </rs>.</p>
<p>A council. The Prisoner is a young gentleman brought up to the law, of a good family, and his father a person of reputation. I humbly beg that he may be recommended by the court to his Majesty; and I desire that Newbury the Coachman, who is a very wicked man, and who induced the Prisoner to do this may be brought to justice.</p>
<p>Mrs. Barham and Mrs. Foster earnestly entreated the court to recommend the Prisoner to his Majesty for mercy.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-13">
<interp inst="t17480420-13" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-13-off82-c125" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-13-defend151 t17480420-13-off82 t17480420-13-verdict84"/>
<persName id="t17480420-13-defend151" type="defendantName"> John Rider
<interp inst="t17480420-13-defend151" type="surname" value="Rider"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-defend151" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-defend151" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-13-defloc81">St. Luke's</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-defloc81" type="placeName" value="St. Luke's"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-defloc81" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-13-defend151 t17480420-13-defloc81"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-13-off82" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-13-off82" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-off82" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 56 lb. weight of iron, val. 5 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-13-victim153" type="victimName"> Richard Barlow
<interp inst="t17480420-13-victim153" type="surname" value="Barlow"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-victim153" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-13-victim153" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-13-off82 t17480420-13-victim153"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-13-cd83" type="crimeDate">April 5</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-13-off82 t17480420-13-cd83"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-13-verdict84" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-13-verdict84" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-13-punish85" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-13-punish85" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-13-defend151 t17480420-13-punish85"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-14">
<interp inst="t17480420-14" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-14-off87-c127" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-defend155 t17480420-14-off87 t17480420-14-verdict91"/>
<persName id="t17480420-14-defend155" type="defendantName"> Thomas Middleton
<interp inst="t17480420-14-defend155" type="surname" value="Middleton"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-defend155" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-defend155" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-14-defloc86">St. Giles's Cripplegate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-defloc86" type="placeName" value="St. Giles's Cripplegate"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-defloc86" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-defend155 t17480420-14-defloc86"/>, London, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-14-off87" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-14-off87" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-off87" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a canvas bag, val. 1 d. and 4 s. and 2 d. three farthings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17480420-14-victim157" type="victimName"> Walter Stanniford
<interp inst="t17480420-14-victim157" type="surname" value="Stanniford"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-victim157" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-victim157" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-off87 t17480420-14-victim157"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-14-cd88" type="crimeDate">March 14</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-off87 t17480420-14-cd88"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person158"> Walter Stanniford
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person158" type="surname" value="Stanniford"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person158" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person158" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17480420-14-viclabel89" type="occupation">keep a publick house</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-victim157 t17480420-14-viclabel89"/> at the
<placeName id="t17480420-14-crimeloc90">Woolpack in Jewin-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-crimeloc90" type="placeName" value="Woolpack in Jewin-street"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-crimeloc90" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-off87 t17480420-14-crimeloc90"/>. The Prisoner came to my house at nine o'clock in the morning, and staid till five in the afternoon; he was there with his child, I went up stairs to my wife, and when I came down, I found my cupboard broke open, and my brother called to me to come down to give change for a shilling; when I came down, Mr. Middleton gave a shilling to change, I went to my cupboard, and I found there was a bag missing.</p>
<p>Q. What was there in it?</p>
<p>Stanniford. Four shillings and two pence three farthings.</p>
<p>Q. Was it a bag of halfpence?</p>
<p>Stanniford. Yes. I believe there was 6 d. in silver. I said somebody must know something of
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200012"/> it, and I mentioned it to the company then there; and Mr. Middleton offered to stand search. My brother came to Mr. Middleton, hit his hand against his pocket and heard something gingle, and he said here it is, and he took it out of his pocket. Mr. Middleton said he did it in a joke, and desired for the sake of his wife and child, that I would forgive him.</p>
<p>Q. Was the cupboard locked?</p>
<p>Stanniford. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Where was it?</p>
<p>Stanniford. In the bar backwards.</p>
<p>Q. Is the money in it as it was when you left it?</p>
<p>Stanniford. It is the same money as it was taken out of his pocket?</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any of the pieces?</p>
<p>Stanniford. Yes. There was a piece with a boar's head.</p>
<p>Q. Was that in it when the cupboard was broke open?</p>
<p>Stanniford. It was.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person159"> Thomas Stanniford
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person159" type="surname" value="Stanniford"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person159" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person159" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The company were forward, and I saw the Prisoner go backward, and I am sure no body else went backward but him.</p>
<p>Q. What did he go for?</p>
<p>Stanniford. I believe he went to the little-house.</p>
<p>Q. How long was your brother gone up stairs?</p>
<p>Stanniford. I believe about four or five minutes. I called my brother down to give change to somebody for a pint of beer; when he came down, he went to the bar to give change for a shilling, and missed the money; and the Prisoner gave my brother a shilling to change, and my brother said, the cupboard was broke open: and he said, he would have them all searched, and the Prisoner offered to stand search, and said, what did I mean by questioning such a person as him? so I went and struck my hand against his pocket, and I heard the halfpence gingle, and took the bag out of his pocket, and I said, I have a mind to strike it down your throat, only it would be wasting it upon you.</p>
<p>Q. How came you to suspect the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Stanniford. Because he was more ready to strip and be searched than the rest; and he said, he took it out of a joke off the bar.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not you see me take it off the bar?</p>
<p>Stanniford. I did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Did not I say I had a mind to have a joke with your brother?</p>
<p>Stanniford. No, you did not.</p>
<p>Prisoner. The Prosecutor was by and saw me take it off the bar.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Stanniford. Who was in the house at that time?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person160"> Walter Stanniford
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person160" type="surname" value="Stanniford"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person160" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person160" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . One Mr. Evans.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person161"> William Evans
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person161" type="surname" value="Evans"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person161" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person161" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was in the house the 14th of March, and saw the bag taken out of his pocket.</p>
<p>Q. Did not the Prisoner say he took the money in order to play a joke upon his brother?</p>
<p>Evans. He did not.</p>
<p>Q. Did he go backwards?</p>
<p>Evans. He went backwards out of my company.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person162"> John Hastings
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person162" type="surname" value="Hastings"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person162" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person162" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner five or six years, and never heard any thing against him, and used now and then to spend an evening with him.</p>
<p>Prisoner. Was not you with the Prosecutor?</p>
<p>Hastings. Yes.</p>
<p>Prisoner. What did he say to you?</p>
<p>Hastings. The Prosecutor told me he had no witness against him but his brother, and the Prosecutor himself said, he did not see his brother take it out of his pocket.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person163"> William Hunt
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person163" type="surname" value="Hunt"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person163" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person163" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I live in Southampton-street, Covent-Garden, I am a taylor; I have kept company with the Prisoner eight or nine years, and never knew any ill of him. I think his father was a broker in Houndsditch.</p>
<p>Q. to Mr. Stanniford. What does he prosess?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-14-person164"> Walter Stanniford
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person164" type="surname" value="Stanniford"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person164" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person164" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I don't know, he went by the name of captain. he lived in Jewin-street.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-14-verdict91" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-14-verdict91" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>.</p>
<p>When he came to receive sentence he begged for corporal punishment, and said, he was an ensign in General
<persName id="t17480420-14-person165"> Pepperel
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person165" type="given" value="Pepperel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-14-person165" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> 's regiment at the taking of Cape Breton, and was sent home with an express by Commodore Knowles.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-14-punish92" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-14-punish92" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-14-defend155 t17480420-14-punish92"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-15">
<interp inst="t17480420-15" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-15-off93-c137" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-15-defend167 t17480420-15-off93 t17480420-15-verdict95"/>
<persName id="t17480420-15-defend167" type="defendantName"> Ann Langford , otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-15-alias-5" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-15-defend167 t17480420-15-alias-5"/>Shaw</rs>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-defend167" type="surname" value="Langford"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-defend167" type="given" value="Ann"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-defend167" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-15-off93" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-15-off93" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-off93" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing 2 copper saucepans, value 2 s. and 6 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-15-victim169" type="victimName"> Rebecca Thurston
<interp inst="t17480420-15-victim169" type="surname" value="Thurston"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-victim169" type="given" value="Rebecca"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-victim169" type="gender" value="female"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-15-off93 t17480420-15-victim169"/> </persName> , widow,
<rs id="t17480420-15-cd94" type="crimeDate">March 29</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-15-off93 t17480420-15-cd94"/>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-15-verdict95" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-15-verdict95" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-15-verdict95" type="verdictSubcategory" value="noProsecutor"/> Prosecutor not appearing, she was acquitted </rs>, and the recognizances of the Prosecutor and the witness were ordered to be estreated.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-16">
<interp inst="t17480420-16" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-16-off97-c139" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-defend171 t17480420-16-off97 t17480420-16-verdict100"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-16-off97-c140" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-defend173 t17480420-16-off97 t17480420-16-verdict99"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-16-off101-c140" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-defend173 t17480420-16-off101 t17480420-16-verdict99"/>
<p>196. 197.
<persName id="t17480420-16-defend171" type="defendantName"> Mary Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defend171" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defend171" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defend171" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and
<persName id="t17480420-16-defend173" type="defendantName"> Mary Richmond
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defend173" type="surname" value="Richmond"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defend173" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defend173" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-16-defloc96">St. Giles's in the Fields</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defloc96" type="placeName" value="St. Giles's in the Fields"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-defloc96" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-defend171 t17480420-16-defloc96"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-defend173 t17480420-16-defloc96"/>, were indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-16-off97" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-16-off97" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-off97" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a stuff petticoat, a linen petticoat, a bedgown, four damask napkins, a pair of sheets, two shirts, val. 11 s. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-16-victim175" type="victimName"> John Harris
<interp inst="t17480420-16-victim175" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-victim175" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-victim175" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-16-cd98" type="crimeDate">March 31</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-off97 t17480420-16-cd98"/>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-off101 t17480420-16-cd98"/>.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200013"/>
<persName id="t17480420-16-person176"> John Harris
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person176" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person176" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person176" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I went into my yard about a quarter after nine at night, and saw that the clothes were thrown about, and I lost these things. I saw Mrs. Walker in the inside of the parlour endeavouring to conceal herself, and I saw a person stooping down under the window; so I open'd my parlour-door, and laid hold of my gentlewoman, which is Mrs. Walker; I sent for a constable, and that night she made several impeachments. The next day I went to
<persName id="t17480420-16-person177"> Mary Richmond
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person177" type="surname" value="Richmond"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person177" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person177" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , and she gave me this bundle, in which was a shift and some stockings.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-16-person178"> John Marlow
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person178" type="surname" value="Marlow"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person178" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person178" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was at Mr. Harris's house that night, I went backwards, and saw this petticoat and some other things thrown out of the back parlour window on the ground-floor, and Mr. Harris and I saw the Prisoner at the bar endeavouring to conceal herself, and she said, break an arm or a leg if you will let me go; Mr. Harris got hold of her, and I saw a bundle in her apron.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-16-person179"> Paul Maccanney
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person179" type="surname" value="Maccanney"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person179" type="given" value="Paul"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person179" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . Mr. Harris sent for me to take a thief, I did not care to go without a warrant, but I did, for I would do any thing to serve my country; I said to her, see here, young body, what you have done, and I spoke several harsh words to her, and told her, she was going the ready way to be hanged.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-16-verdict99" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-16-verdict99" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs>, Walker
<rs id="t17480420-16-verdict100" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-16-verdict100" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> guilty </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-16-person180"> Mary Richmond
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person180" type="surname" value="Richmond"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person180" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person180" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> , was a second time indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-16-off101" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-16-off101" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-off101" type="offenceSubcategory" value="other"/> stealing a shift, three cotton stockings, and a pair of silk stockings </rs>, the property of
<persName id="t17480420-16-person181"> John Harris
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person181" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person181" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person181" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17480420-16-person182"> John Harris
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person182" type="surname" value="Harris"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person182" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person182" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .
<persName id="t17480420-16-person183"> Mary Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person183" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person183" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person183" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> being discovered, she discovered the Prisoner; and I told her, if she would confess, I would not prosecute her, because I did not know what goods I had lost: and she said,
<persName id="t17480420-16-person184"> Mary Walker
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person184" type="surname" value="Walker"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person184" type="given" value="Mary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-16-person184" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> took the goods out of a house two doors off, and gave them to her.</p>
<p>Jury. Did she say she had any thing of yours?</p>
<p>Harris. I asked her if she had any thing of mine, and I told her if she had, and would own it, I would forgive her, and then she gave me this bundle.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-16-verdict102" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-16-verdict102" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-16-punish103" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-16-punish103" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-16-defend171 t17480420-16-punish103"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-17">
<interp inst="t17480420-17" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-17-off105-c151" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-defend186 t17480420-17-off105 t17480420-17-verdict110"/>
<persName id="t17480420-17-defend186" type="defendantName"> Moses Wicks
<interp inst="t17480420-17-defend186" type="surname" value="Wicks"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-defend186" type="given" value="Moses"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-defend186" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-17-defloc104">St. Botolph Bishopsgate</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-defloc104" type="placeName" value="St. Botolph Bishopsgate"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-defloc104" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-defend186 t17480420-17-defloc104"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-17-off105" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-17-off105" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-off105" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silver tankard, value 5 l. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-17-victim188" type="victimName"> John Slade
<interp inst="t17480420-17-victim188" type="surname" value="Slade"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-victim188" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-victim188" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-off105 t17480420-17-victim188"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-17-cd106" type="crimeDate">April 4</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-off105 t17480420-17-cd106"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-17-person189"> John Slade
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person189" type="surname" value="Slade"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person189" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person189" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I
<rs id="t17480420-17-viclabel107" type="occupation">keep the
<placeName id="t17480420-17-crimeloc108">Cock-alehouse</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-crimeloc108" type="placeName" value="Cock-alehouse"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-crimeloc108" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-off105 t17480420-17-crimeloc108"/> </rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-victim188 t17480420-17-viclabel107"/>, in
<placeName id="t17480420-17-crimeloc109">Angel-alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-crimeloc109" type="placeName" value="Angel-alley"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-crimeloc109" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-17-off105 t17480420-17-crimeloc109"/>, Bishopsgate; the Prisoner and his wife, and a poor man, were drinking all the night, and they drank out of this tankard; the poor man left the Prisoner and his wife at the table, and the Prisoner called for a pint of beer, and then another woman came in, and they asked her whether she would be three halfpence with them; and then the Prisoner called to the girl who had taken the tankard away, to bring it again : and the tankard was carried to them again. I was tired, and when I went up to bed, I missed the tankard. I asked the maid where it was, and she knew nothing of it.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this?</p>
<p>Slade. About half an hour after eleven, and the tankard was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Who was there in the house besides?</p>
<p>Slade. There were two young men that lodge in the house, but they were fast asleep, and after the Prisoner was gone, I waked them, and bid them go up to bed.</p>
<p>Q. You say there was a poor man there?</p>
<p>Slade. Yes, but he went away; the Prisoner was left in the house by himself, except the two young men that lodge there.</p>
<p>Q. You say there were two women there?</p>
<p>Slade. Yes, but they were gone.</p>
<p>Q. Can you say you saw the tankard in your house after the two women were gone?</p>
<p>Slade. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure of it?</p>
<p>Slade. Yes, I am sure of it, for the tankard was behind the Prisoner's arm.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen it since?</p>
<p>Slade. No, the Prisoner's wife has mobbed me and my wife about it, and said I had found it since.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see him take it out of the house?</p>
<p>Slade. I did not see him take it out of the house to be sure, I only took him up on suspicion.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-17-person190"> Margaret Cotterel
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person190" type="surname" value="Cotterel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person190" type="given" value="Margaret"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person190" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> . I brought the Prisoner a tankard of beer, and never saw the tankard since, nor the money neither.</p>
<p>Q. Was not the tankard of beer paid for?</p>
<p>Cotterel. No.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I had a pint of beer afterwards.</p>
<p>Cotterel. You had none afterwards. I drew him a tankard of beer, and never saw him nor the tankard after he went away.</p>
<p>Q. Where was this poor man?</p>
<p>Cotterel. He was gone.</p>
<p>Q. Were there not two women in the house?</p>
<p>Cotterel. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Were they there then?</p>
<p>Cotterel. They were there when the beer was brought in, but they were gone before the beer was drank out; every body was gone but him
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200014"/> when he had the tankard before him. He had the tankard all the afternoon.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-17-person191"> Thomas Somerset
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person191" type="surname" value="Somerset"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person191" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person191" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about twelve years; he has worked for me often five or six months at a time; I have entrusted him with money and goods, and he never wronged me of any thing. I am a basketmaster. His general character is that of as honest a man as any in the world.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-17-person192"> William Halbert
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person192" type="surname" value="Halbert"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person192" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-17-person192" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner twelve years; I have trusted him with goods and money to a considerable value, and he never wronged me of any thing. His general character is that of a very honest man.</p>
<p>Golding. I have sent him out with goods and money, and he never deceived me in his life; and he has worked with me half a year or a twelvemonth together.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-17-verdict110" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-17-verdict110" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-18">
<interp inst="t17480420-18" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-18-off112-c157" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-18-defend194 t17480420-18-off112 t17480420-18-verdict114"/>
<p>199. +
<persName id="t17480420-18-defend194" type="defendantName"> Thomas Wilcox
<interp inst="t17480420-18-defend194" type="surname" value="Wilcox"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-defend194" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-defend194" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-18-defloc111">St. George's Bloomsbury</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-defloc111" type="placeName" value="St. George's Bloomsbury"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-defloc111" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-18-defend194 t17480420-18-defloc111"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-18-off112" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-18-off112" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-off112" type="offenceSubcategory" value="theftFromPlace"/> stealing a fustian frock, value 21 s. a pair of buckskin breeches, value 7 s. a pair of shag breeches, value 3 s. two laced hats, value 10 s. four shirts, value 20 s. three stocks, value 1 s. a waistcoat, value 3 s. a linen frock, value 6 s. four pair of stockings, value 8 s. a pair of silver shoe-buckles, value 10 s. a pair of silver knee-buckles, value 4 s. a pair of sleeve-buttons, value 12 d. &c. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-18-victim196" type="victimName"> John Nicholls
<interp inst="t17480420-18-victim196" type="surname" value="Nicholls"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-victim196" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-victim196" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-18-off112 t17480420-18-victim196"/> </persName> , in the stable of - Pollexsen, Esq </rs>;
<rs id="t17480420-18-cd113" type="crimeDate">Feb. 7</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-18-off112 t17480420-18-cd113"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-18-person197"> John Nicholls
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person197" type="surname" value="Nicholls"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person197" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person197" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner at the bar?</p>
<p>Nicholls. I know him better now than I did at first.</p>
<p>Q. What have you to say against him?</p>
<p>Nicholls. I lost all the things mentioned in the indictment.</p>
<p>Q. What in a stable?</p>
<p>Nicholls. Yes, in Mr. Pollexsen's stable.</p>
<p>Q. What was the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Nicholls. He was employed in the yard a little time for his victuals and drink.</p>
<p>Q. What makes you think he was the man that took them?</p>
<p>Nicholls. Because he was taken near the Mew'sgate with my breeches, stockings, and pumps on.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know further?</p>
<p>Nicholls. He had an ill character before.</p>
<p>Q. What did he say when he was taken?</p>
<p>Nicholls. He said he bought them of an old clothes man; but he did not deny but what they were mine.</p>
<p>Prisoner. He said at first they were not his.</p>
<p>Court. Did you ever say so?</p>
<p>Nicholls. I never said any such thing.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-18-person198"> John Paris
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person198" type="surname" value="Paris"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person198" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person198" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner came into the yard, and said he wanted employment, and would do any thing for a bit of victuals.</p>
<p>Q. Did you employ him?</p>
<p>Paris. He was sometimes employed by one, and sometimes by another.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of this charge?</p>
<p>Paris. I know, that when
<persName id="t17480420-18-person199"> John Nicholls
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person199" type="surname" value="Nicholls"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person199" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person199" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> went out of town, the things were in the stable.</p>
<p>Q. What things?</p>
<p>Paris. The things mentioned in the indictment, and more than those.</p>
<p>Q. Was you present when the Prisoner was taken?</p>
<p>Paris. Yes, and was with Nicholls before the Justice, and he challenged the Prisoner with his stockings, pumps, and breeches, which he had on.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-18-person200"> George Eylett
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person200" type="surname" value="Eylett"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person200" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person200" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am a coachman to Dr. Galley; I have-seen the Prisoner before, but I know but little of him. I saw the Prisoner, on Monday the eighth of February, cleaning Mr. Spooner's stable, and Mr. Spooner's groom said he had lost a shirt, and three pair of stockings. I saw a ladder in the yard, and thought there was something more than ordinary, by my hay being tumbled about, and that the person must get through my haylost into Nicholls's, and so into Mr. Pollexsen's stable.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-18-person201"> John Price
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person201" type="surname" value="Price"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person201" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person201" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . The Prisoner came into our yard, and said he wanted employment, and he worked in one of the stables about a quarter of an hour, and Mr. Foxall's coachman said he would not employ him any more, for he believed he was a rogue; and there came the news that Mr. Nicholls had been robbed, and I took the Prisoner.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-18-person202"> John Buttery
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person202" type="surname" value="Buttery"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person202" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-person202" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am coachman to 'Squire Spooner, a West-India merchant, and his groom was to take some mules on board a ship, and took the Prisoner with him; he was to give him a shilling for going, but he did not pay him; that night the Prisoner absconded, and the groom did not give him the shilling, the key of my hay-loft was gone, and he robbed me at the same time of a shirt and three pair of stockings; and a person brought me a key, which he said dropped out of the Prisoner's pocket. I was present when the Prisoner was taken, and Mr. Nicholls said he could not swear to the Prisoner, but he could swear to the breeches, stockings, and pumps, that the Prisoner had on.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-18-verdict114" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-18-verdict114" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-18-verdict114" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder5s"/> Guilty 4 s. 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480420-18-punish115" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-18-punish115" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-18-defend194 t17480420-18-punish115"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-19">
<interp inst="t17480420-19" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-19-off117-c165" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-19-defend204 t17480420-19-off117 t17480420-19-verdict120"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200015"/>200. +
<persName id="t17480420-19-defend204" type="defendantName"> William Wood
<interp inst="t17480420-19-defend204" type="surname" value="Wood"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-defend204" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-defend204" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-19-defloc116">St. Bennet, Grace-Church</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-defloc116" type="placeName" value="St. Bennet, Grace-Church"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-defloc116" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-19-defend204 t17480420-19-defloc116"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-19-off117" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-19-off117" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-off117" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a hat, value 18 d. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-19-victim206" type="victimName"> John Hunter
<interp inst="t17480420-19-victim206" type="surname" value="Hunter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-victim206" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-victim206" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-19-off117 t17480420-19-victim206"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>,
<rs id="t17480420-19-cd118" type="crimeDate">March 13</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-19-off117 t17480420-19-cd118"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-19-person207"> John Hunter
<interp inst="t17480420-19-person207" type="surname" value="Hunter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-person207" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-person207" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . On the 13th of March, about 11 o'clock, I was going home from the Minories, where I spent the evening; and in
<placeName id="t17480420-19-crimeloc119">Nag's head Alley</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-crimeloc119" type="placeName" value="Nag's head Alley"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-crimeloc119" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-19-off117 t17480420-19-crimeloc119"/>, the Prisoner followed me softly, so softly, that I could not hear there was any body in the alley, and took my hat off my head. I cried out, stop thief, and the watchman put out his staff, and the Prisoner tumbled over it and was taken. I found my hat in the street not far off the place.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-19-person208"> Simon Bumstead
<interp inst="t17480420-19-person208" type="surname" value="Bumstead"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-person208" type="given" value="Simon"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-person208" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I heard Mr. Hunter cry out, stop thief, and I threw my staff out, and the Prisoner in running tumbled over it, and the hat was found within three yards of the place.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I had been out to see a friend that was ill; if I run, it was because it was too late, and I was afraid of being locked out; was not you in liquor, Sir?</p>
<p>Hunter. No: I believe I was as sober as I am now.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-19-verdict120" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-19-verdict120" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-verdict120" type="verdictSubcategory" value="withRecommendation"/> Guilty 10 d.One of the jury knew the Prisoner's master, and said, that he spoke very well of him, and the jury recommended him to the court for corporal punishment </rs>.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-19-punish121" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-19-punish121" type="punishmentCategory" value="corporal"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-19-punish121" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="whipping"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-19-defend204 t17480420-19-punish121"/>
<note>[Whipping. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-20">
<interp inst="t17480420-20" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-20-off123-c169" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-20-defend209 t17480420-20-off123 t17480420-20-verdict126"/>
<p>201. +
<persName id="t17480420-20-defend209" type="defendantName"> Thomas Hill
<interp inst="t17480420-20-defend209" type="surname" value="Hill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-defend209" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-defend209" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-20-defloc122">St. Dunstan in the West</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-defloc122" type="placeName" value="St. Dunstan in the West"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-defloc122" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-20-defend209 t17480420-20-defloc122"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-20-off123" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-20-off123" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-off123" type="offenceSubcategory" value="pocketpicking"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 15 d. the property of
<persName id="t17480420-20-victim211" type="victimName"> John Holmes
<interp inst="t17480420-20-victim211" type="surname" value="Holmes"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-victim211" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-victim211" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-20-off123 t17480420-20-victim211"/> </persName> , privately from his person </rs>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-20-person212"> John Holmes
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person212" type="surname" value="Holmes"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person212" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person212" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . As I was going along
<placeName id="t17480420-20-crimeloc124">Fleet-street</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-crimeloc124" type="placeName" value="Fleet-street"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-crimeloc124" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-20-off123 t17480420-20-crimeloc124"/>, with my child by my side, I felt somebody pull my handkerchief out of my pocket. I turned about and saw my handkerchief in the Prisoner's hand, I believe there were two of them concerned; I had the mob about me presently, and I said, he had picked my pocket; they said, if he has picked your pocket, take him into a public house, and search him: which I did, and I found two pocket-books and a pair of buckles; I saw the corner of a handkerchief hang out of his breeches, which I pulled out; I unbuttoned his breeches, and there were nine more, a comb, an odd glove, and I think a snuff-box, but I can't be certain whether there was a snuff-box or not; he said, he had been upon the lay for four nights, and that he was but a young offender.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I was only four days concerned. I am a bookbinder, and am an
<rs id="t17480420-20-deflabel125" type="occupation">apprentice</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-20-defend209 t17480420-20-deflabel125"/> now; my master is dead, but my mistress is living. I have a very good character in the neighbourhood.</p>
<p>Q. Where did your master live?</p>
<p>Pris. In Founder's-Court, Lothbury.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-20-person213"> George Gibson
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person213" type="surname" value="Gibson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person213" type="given" value="George"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person213" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner some years, his father was a barber and perriwigmaker in Chick-Lane, I never heard he was guilty of any such thing before.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-20-person214"> Francis Papworth
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person214" type="surname" value="Papworth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person214" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person214" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the lad from his infancy, his father and mother were as honest people as any in the neighbourhood.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-20-person215"> Thomas King
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person215" type="surname" value="King"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person215" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-person215" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> knew him fourteen or fifteen years, and said, he never heard that he was guilty of any such thing before.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-20-verdict126" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-20-verdict126" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-20-verdict126" type="verdictSubcategory" value="theftunder1s"/> Guilty 10 d. </rs> </p>
<rs id="t17480420-20-punish127" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-20-punish127" type="punishmentCategory" value="transport"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-20-defend209 t17480420-20-punish127"/>
<note>[Transportation. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-21">
<interp inst="t17480420-21" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-21-off129-c175" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-21-defend217 t17480420-21-off129 t17480420-21-verdict132"/>
<p>202. +
<persName id="t17480420-21-defend217" type="defendantName"> Daniel McFun
<interp inst="t17480420-21-defend217" type="surname" value="McFun"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-defend217" type="given" value="Daniel"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-defend217" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , of
<placeName id="t17480420-21-defloc128">St. Michael's Cornhill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-defloc128" type="placeName" value="St. Michael's Cornhill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-defloc128" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-21-defend217 t17480420-21-defloc128"/>, was indicted for
<rs id="t17480420-21-off129" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-21-off129" type="offenceCategory" value="theft"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-off129" type="offenceSubcategory" value="grandLarceny"/> stealing a silk handkerchief, value 12 d. </rs> the property of
<persName id="t17480420-21-victim219" type="victimName"> Richard Oaks
<interp inst="t17480420-21-victim219" type="surname" value="Oaks"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-victim219" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-victim219" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-21-off129 t17480420-21-victim219"/> </persName> ,
<rs id="t17480420-21-cd130" type="crimeDate">March 15</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-21-off129 t17480420-21-cd130"/>.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-21-person220"> Richard Oaks
<interp inst="t17480420-21-person220" type="surname" value="Oaks"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-person220" type="given" value="Richard"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-person220" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I was standing in
<placeName id="t17480420-21-crimeloc131">Cornhill</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-crimeloc131" type="placeName" value="Cornhill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-21-crimeloc131" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-21-off129 t17480420-21-crimeloc131"/> looking at some prints, and my pocket was picked of a silk handkerchief; I saw the Prisoner and another just by me, and I saw the handkerchief in the Prisoner's hand, he was very close to me when I lost my handkerchief; I had hold of the other, and I saw the Prisoner drop the handkerchief out of his hand, then I quitted the other and took hold of this; I felt the handkerchief going out of my pocket, and turned about instantly; he began to be very saucy, and I gave him a blow or two; he begged forgiveness, and I did forgive him. I went a little further, and I saw the Prisoner again; I said, what, you villain, an't you gone any further out of my sight; and he said, if he knew who I was, he would do for me; I took hold of him again, and charged a constable with him: he said, Sir, pray forgive me, you forgave me once, and I hope you will forgive me now; I am not the first person who has been guilty of a fault.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-21-verdict132" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-21-verdict132" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> Acquitted </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-22">
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-22-off137-c178" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend221 t17480420-22-off137 t17480420-22-verdict141"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-22-off137-c179" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend223 t17480420-22-off137 t17480420-22-verdict142"/>
<p>203. +
<persName id="t17480420-22-defend221" type="defendantName"> John Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defend221" type="surname" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defend221" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defend221" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> *, late of the parish of
<placeName id="t17480420-22-defloc133">Pancras, in the county of Middlesex</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defloc133" type="placeName" value="Pancras, in the county of Middlesex"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defloc133" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend221 t17480420-22-defloc133"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend223 t17480420-22-defloc133"/>,
<rs id="t17480420-22-deflabel134" type="occupation">Gent</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend221 t17480420-22-deflabel134"/>. and 204. +
<persName id="t17480420-22-defend223" type="defendantName"> Christopher Priswick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defend223" type="surname" value="Priswick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defend223" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-defend223" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , late of the same place,
<rs id="t17480420-22-deflabel135" type="occupation">Gent</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend223 t17480420-22-deflabel135"/>. were indicted, for that they not having the fear of God before their eyes, but being moved and seduced by the instigation of the devil, on the
<rs id="t17480420-22-cd136" type="crimeDate">13th day of April, in the 21st year of his Majesty's reign</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-off137 t17480420-22-cd136"/>, with force and arms, at the said parish and in the said county, in and
<rs id="t17480420-22-off137" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-22-off137" type="offenceCategory" value="kill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-off137" type="offenceSubcategory" value="murder"/> upon one
<persName id="t17480420-22-victim225" type="victimName"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-victim225" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-victim225" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-victim225" type="gender" value="male"/>
<join result="offenceVictim" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-off137 t17480420-22-victim225"/> </persName> , in the peace of God and our said
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200016"/> Lord the King; then and there being, feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did make an assault, and that he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person226"> John Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person226" type="surname" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person226" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person226" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with a certain sword made of iron and steel, of the value of 12 d. which he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person227"> John Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person227" type="surname" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person227" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person227" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , then and there, had and held in his right hand, him the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person228"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person228" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person228" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person228" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in and upon the right breast of him the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person229"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person229" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person229" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person229" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , then and there, feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, did strike, thrust, and penetrate, giving to him the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person230"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person230" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person230" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person230" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , then and there, with the sword aforesaid, in and upon the right breast of him the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person231"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person231" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person231" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person231" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , one mortal wound of the breadth of half an inch, and of the depth of three inches, of which said mortal wound, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person232"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person232" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person232" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person232" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , at the said parish, and in the said county, did instantly die. And that he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person233"> Christopher Priswick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person233" type="surname" value="Priswick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person233" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person233" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously, wilfully, and of his malice aforethought, was aiding, abetting, comforting and assisting the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person234"> John Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person234" type="surname" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person234" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person234" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , the said murder to commit, and do, and that he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person235"> John Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person235" type="surname" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person235" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person235" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , and he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person236"> Christopher Priswick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person236" type="surname" value="Priswick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person236" type="given" value="Christopher"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person236" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , in manner and form aforesaid, the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person237"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person237" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person237" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person237" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , feloniously, wilfully, and of their malice aforethought, did kill, and murder </rs>, against his Majesty's peace, his crown and dignity.</p>
<p>* The court ordered Captain Laverick a chair, he being so weak that he could not stand to take his trial.</p>
<p>To which indictment they pleaded not guilty, and put themselves upon their trial by God and their country.</p>
<p>They were a second time charged by virtue of the coroner's inquest for the murder of the said
<persName id="t17480420-22-person238"> John Dawson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person238" type="surname" value="Dawson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person238" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person238" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>First Coun. for the crown. My Lord, I am council for the crown in this case against the Prisoners at the bar; and though we are now to make inquisition for blood, I hope we shall do it with all the coolness we can, and that we shall avoid doing any thing to occasion any reflection from the Prisoners at the bar: for I should not be willing to dip my hands in any man's blood; we shall prove the facts, and leave it to the court and the gentlemen of the jury; and if these gentlemen have brought themselves under the power of the law, their own acts, their own facts are the occasion of it, but they shall have no occasion to lay any aggravations of the case to me.</p>
<p>My Lord, these gentlemen are indicted for murder, and the circumstances of the case make it the greatest crime that can be committed. The case is this,
<rs id="t17480420-22-viclabel138" type="occupation">Captain</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-victim225 t17480420-22-viclabel138"/> Dawson, a young gentleman not eighteen years of age, was acquainted with these two gentlemen; Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person239"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person239" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person239" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> had been some time acquainted with the deceased, and this young gentleman, Mr. Priswick, (I am not willing to say it, but it will come out in the evidence) did all he could to bring these two gentlemen to hazard their lives; my account is, that this gentleman, Mr. Priswick, went to Captain Dawson, and said, Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person240"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person240" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person240" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> said, he was a scrub, and a scoundrel, and that when he met him, he would cane him; and Captain Dawson said, that he would not let any body cane him; and then he goes to Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person241"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person241" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person241" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , and said, that Captain Dawson had used him ill; and he said, in this case, that it would become Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person242"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person242" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person242" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> to do himself justice, and left no stone unturned till he brought these two gentlemen to murder one another; and he went into Tavistock-row to a coffee-house, which Mrs. Darkin keeps; and Captain Dawson and Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person243"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person243" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person243" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> met there, and words arose, but I would not prejudge it; it may come out in the evidence, that there was a challenge given, and as it is said, I think it will be proved in evidence, that Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person244"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person244" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person244" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> gave the challenge; some blows passed between them there, and they agreed to fight the next day; and this young gentleman, Mr. Priswick, said very imprudently, I am very glad of it. Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person245"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person245" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person245" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> said he did not care to go, but Mr. Priswick said your honour is at stake, and staid all night, that Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person246"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person246" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person246" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> should not go out of his possession. Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person247"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person247" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person247" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> said, he had no sword; said he, I will lend you my sword, you shall go; he staid all night and would not leave the gentleman; the next morning he took a hackney coach, and they went to George's coffee-house, and enquir'd for Captain Dawson, he was unhappily there; and Mrs. Phillips was under some concern, left mischief should ensue; and ordered her servant to go after them to endeavour to prevent the mischief; and in six or seven minutes Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person248"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person248" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person248" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> and Captain Dawson came out, and went to the bottom of
<placeName id="t17480420-22-crimeloc139">Southampton-Row</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-crimeloc139" type="placeName" value="Southampton-Row"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-crimeloc139" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-off137 t17480420-22-crimeloc139"/>; and then they went to the back wall of Montague House and drew their swords, but in a very short time they shook hands and put up their swords, and the man that followed them thought they were friends; and this Priswick was very busy all this time; and after they had walked over two or three fields, Mr. Priswick knew this
<persName id="t17480420-22-person249"> Charles Duggin
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person249" type="surname" value="Duggin"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person249" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person249" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , who was servant to Mrs. Phillips, and he told him, friend, you must go no further; Duggin said, he was ordered to do it to prevent mischief; and he said, you shall not go any further; and then they drew their swords, from whence proceeded this mischief; Captain Dawson received a mortal wound, and died upon the spot. This gentleman, Mr. Laverick, fell at the
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200017"/> same time, but it will be enquired into, whether this was a real fall or a feigned fall; and this Mr. Priswick, if he had not been pushing this affair on, he would have endeavoured to prevent it. This is the evidence we shall endeavour to lay before the Court in this case : Some put it upon the fashionable, but not legal doctrine of duelling. In Lord Hale's History of the Crown it is laid down beyond all doubt, as clear law, and determined, that if A and B fall out, and presently take their weapons and go out and fight, and death ensues, it is not Murder but Homicide; but if there is deliberation, and they go the next day, then it is Murder*. And if these facts come out as I believe they will (for I should be sorry to urge any thing against them that is hard) I believe the Court will be of opinion that this is murder; and if they are proved, I shall be very sorry for these gentlemen.</p>
<p>*The case of Ferrers and the case of Morgan were cited.</p>
<p>Second Coun. for the Crown. May it please your Lordship and gentlemen of the Jury, the offence with which the Prisoners at the bar stand charged is the greatest offence that can be committed, for the lives of men ought to be very much taken care of, and those who are guilty of these crimes, are to receive conviction and punishment according to law: And gentlemen, you are to go between the law and the Prisoners, and if you find the facts proved, then it lies before you to find them guilty. Gentlemen, this is an Indictment against the Prisoners at the bar for murder, but they are distinguished in the Indictment: Mr. Laverick is indicted for the murder of Capt. Dawson, and the other is charged with being aiding and assisting in this duel, which occasioned this murder; but in the law there are no accessaries in murder, they are all principals, and if you find them guilty of the facts, this is wilful murder in both. Gentlemen, the law makes the killing of a man homicide, but there are different species of killing; if one man kills another under some circumstances, it would be hard to find that man guilty of murder : The law makes an allowance for human passions, we are but men, and as men we have the frailties of human nature: And the law makes an excuse for human frailties; but if a man is in a passion, and has time to cool, and kills another, then the law says he is guilty of murder, and there is no excuse, it is an evidence of malice; then the question is, whether in this case there is this excuse that the law allows? And gentlemen, there are some facts which I will mention very briefly: Mr. Laverick and the deceased met in a coffeehouse, some words, if not blows, passed, and they went out and came in again, and seemed very good friends; and then it was agreed that they should meet and fight: Mr. Laverick declared that he had received a challenge from Dawson, and that they were to fight the next morning, and they did meet the next morning. Gentlemen, they had all this time to cool, and Mr. Priswick had an opportunity of doing a good office, and following the laws of his country; for when Mr. Laverick was told he was to fight, he said he had no sword, Mr. Priswick offered him his sword, and Mr. Laverick said this sword will not do, it will only cut and slash, and he was forced to provide another. There was one Mrs. P hillips, and it was a praise worthy thing in her, she did endeavour to prevent this mischief; she might have had them put under arrest, but the hurry of her spirits and the weakness of her sex did not permit her to do it, but she sent her servant after them, and he followed them; and they went to the back side of Montague House, drew their swords, shook hands, and put up their swords again; they went further on, and then their swords were drawn again, and the deceased dropped down dead. Gentlemen, these are the facts, and, under my Lord's direction, if these facts do appear, and that this was after a whole night's consideration, and of so many hours standing; I say, if they appear to be guilty of that fact, they are guilty of murder. There is another consideration, which I am sorry to mention to you, that this gentleman, Mr. Priswick, appears here as indicted for murder, and perhaps attended with these circumstances, which greatly aggravates the crime; for in order to promote this, he said your honour is at stake; and perhaps, if the law takes place in this case, it may get the better of this mistaken notion of honour : As to Mr. Priswick, I wish I was not under a necessity of saying what I am going to say, for if he is guilty of this, he is guilty of twice the fault that Mr. Laverick is; he had not the same bias upon his mind as to this quarrel, he was a stranger to the quarrel, and when Mr. Priswick came to the coffeehouse, and was told that Captain Dawson and Mr. Laverick were to fight the next morning, he should have softened and mitigated the affair about this false notion of honour; and when Mr. Laverick said he had no sword, he took out his sword, and said
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200018"/> here is mine. Gentlemen, I would not aggravate any thing, only it will come out in evidence, that he lay with Mr. Laverick that night, and went with him to the coffeehouse the next morning; he might then have prevented it; and when Mrs. Phillips's man followed them, in order to prevent their quarrelling, he said you shall not follow us; and when he offered to be Mr. Laverick's second, Mr. Laverick said, Mr. Dawson has no second, and I will not have any. Gentlemen, I shall leave this to your consideration; if under these circumstances you shall think that Mr. Laverick is guilty of wilful murder, and that Mr. Priswick was aiding and assisting him, you will find them both guilty.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person250"> Charles Duggin
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person250" type="surname" value="Duggin"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person250" type="given" value="Charles"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person250" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Sworn.</p>
<p>First Coun. Did you know Captain Dawson the deceased?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known him?</p>
<p>Duggin. About twenty days before he was killed.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the two Prisoners?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. How long have you known them?</p>
<p>Duggin. About two months.</p>
<p>Q. Where did Capt. Dawson lie the night before the duel?</p>
<p>Duggin. At Mrs. Phillips's, the bagnio in Spring Garden. I am a servant there.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of Mr. Priswick's enquiring for Capt. Dawson on the 13th of April?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear any thing that passed between them?</p>
<p>Duggin. No.</p>
<p>Q. What time did Capt. Dawson go out on the 13th of April?</p>
<p>Duggin. Between nine and ten, with Mr. Laverick and Mr. Priswick.</p>
<p>Q. Did your Mistress order you to follow them?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did you hear the reason of it?</p>
<p>Duggin. Capt. Dawson said he had been used very ill; he had some bruises in his face, and he said he had them at Mrs. Darkin's; it is a coffee-house in Tavistock-Row.</p>
<p>Q. When by Mrs. Phillips's direction you followed them, where did Dawson go?</p>
<p>Duggin. He went to a cutler's just by Pall Mall, and changed his sword, and then went to George's Coffeehouse in the Hay-Market, and staid there I believe about an hour.</p>
<p>Q. Did they come in a coach?</p>
<p>Duggin. Mr. Laverick did.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Priswick come in the coach with Mr. Laverick?</p>
<p>Duggin. I cannot say whether he did or did not; I saw them all three come out of the coffeehouse, and they went into a coach, which carried them to the end of Russel-street, and they discharged the coach there; then they went down Southampton-Row into the fields, and walked to the back of Montague-House, close to the wall.</p>
<p>Q. What did you see first?</p>
<p>Duggin. Mr. Laverick turned to the wall and took Mr. Dawson by the hand, and I thought they were friends?</p>
<p>Q. How were their swords?</p>
<p>Duggin. I do not know.</p>
<p>Q. What did they say?</p>
<p>Duggin. I do not know; I was not near enough to hear what they said, but Mr. Dawson put up his sword.</p>
<p>Q. Where were their swords at the time of their shaking hands?</p>
<p>Duggin. They were not in their hands, I believe they were upon the ground; but I saw Mr. Dawson put up his sword, and they shook hands, and they all three walked towards Tottenham-Court, and then they went further into the fields : After they had got some way into the fields Mr. Priswick came back, and he said I should not follow them, and then I said, I hope the consequence of this will not be bad, and Mr. Priswick said he would do all he could to prevent any Mischief; and he said to me, the thing was either made up, or was likely to be made up, and afterwards I saw their swords drawn, and they were pushing at one another.</p>
<p>Q. Did Priswick go up to them directly?</p>
<p>Duggin. Their swords were drawn before he got up to them. I saw Mr. Priswick make all the hast he could up to them, and I think he did endeavour to break their passes, and I saw no thrust made after that.</p>
<p>Q. How long was this before they both fell?</p>
<p>Duggin. A very little time : I was in hopes the thing was all over, and soon after I saw Mr. Dawson fall; and when I came up both Dawson and Laverick were down: Mr. Priswick was in a good deal of confusion; I said to him, do you take care of Capt. Dawson, and I will go and fetch a coach, but before I came back he was dead. I desired Mr. Priswick to examine Mr. Dawson's pockets, and there was a letter sent to Mrs.
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200019"/> Darkin, desiring them to come to him at the Swan at Tottenham-Court.</p>
<p>The cross examination.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. You say Capt. Laverick was down?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes, and Mr. Priswick said, Laverick stand up. This was after they both fell.</p>
<p>Q. Did he assist Capt. Dawson?</p>
<p>Duggin. He went up to him.</p>
<p>Q. Was you approaching nearer to them when they shook hands?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Who offered his hand first?</p>
<p>Duggin. Mr. Laverick.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any animosity then?</p>
<p>Duggin. No; then they walked on together.</p>
<p>Q. How far was you from them when Mr. Priswick came to you?</p>
<p>Duggin. About three hundred yards.</p>
<p>Q. Did he do all that was in his power to prevent it?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes; and when he came up to them he endeavoured to break their guards.</p>
<p>Q. Now I would ask you, whether he did not endeavour to come up to them as soon as he could?</p>
<p>Duggin. He did, he run as fast as he could to prevent it.</p>
<p>Q. And do you believe that wound was given before he got up to them?</p>
<p>Duggin. I believe it was.</p>
<p>Q. You say Mr. Priswick was in a good deal of confusion, do not you think he would have done Mr. Dawson all the service he could under these melancholy circumstances?</p>
<p>Duggin. I believe he would.</p>
<p>Q. You say you saw them shake hands and put up their swords and walk on, would not the walk they took have carried them to the Swan?</p>
<p>Duggin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any thing that Mr. Laverick said after Mr. Dawson was dead?</p>
<p>Duggin. No: I was gone for a coach.</p>
<p>Jury. You said Mr. Priswick endeavoured to break their guards; did he strike either of their swords down?</p>
<p>Duggin. I was so far off that I could not see what sword he struck, or whether he struck either of them.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person251"> Thomas Squires
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person251" type="surname" value="Squires"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person251" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person251" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> Sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the crown. Give an account of what you saw of this affair on the 13th of April.</p>
<p>Squires. On the 13th of April between twelve and one, I saw four men go before me into the third field from
<placeName id="t17480420-22-crimeloc140">Montague-House</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-crimeloc140" type="placeName" value="Montague-House"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-crimeloc140" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-off137 t17480420-22-crimeloc140"/>.</p>
<p>Q. When you first saw them there, were they pretty nigh together, or at a distance?</p>
<p>Squires. The two first were pretty nigh together.</p>
<p>Jury. Were all the four together when you first saw them?</p>
<p>Squires. I think they were; I saw Mr. Priswick turn back to speak to Mr. Duggin, and presently Priswick turned back to go to Dawson and Laverick. Mr. Johnson was with me, and I said to him, there is a duel going to be fought, and we both run, and Mr. Priswick run as fast as he could, and then the two gentlemen were engaged, and had made two or three pushes, and Mr. Priswick waved his hand for us to come up, and Mr. Priswick struck down their guards.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see where Captain Dawson received his wound?</p>
<p>Squires. It was on the right side under his pap, and if Duggin had told us at first that they were going to fight a duel, I believe we might have been up before they could have fought.</p>
<p>Q. How long did Dawson live after he received the Wound?</p>
<p>Squires. I believe from first to last it was a quarter of an hour; they were both down, and Laverick went to Dawson and said, dear Dawson, speak. The Person that was along with me was up before I was, and he said, speak, if you can, but I could not perceive that he spoke at all, and he died in my arms. He said three times, oh, or oh dear, or something like that; we told Mr. Priswick he was dying, and he said, he hoped not, and he ordered Duggin to go for a surgeon and coach, but before he returned, Dawson died.</p>
<p>The cross examination.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. How long do you think they might continue fighting before Dawson fell?</p>
<p>Squires. I really can't tell how long, I believe about a minute.</p>
<p>Q. And did Priswick do all he could to get up to them?</p>
<p>Squires. He run as fast as he could, and he did all he could.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember what Laverick said after Dawson fell?</p>
<p>Squires. I said he was dying, and Laverick and Priswick both said, they hoped not.</p>
<p>Q. Did not Priswick strike down their guards immediately after he got up to them?</p>
<p>Squires. He endeavoured to strike down their guards; I said to Mr. Johnson, there is a duel, and then I said to Duggin, there is a duel I believe; there is, said he; do you know them, said I; yes, said he; I know them all three.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200020"/>Capt. Waddington. I knew Captain Dawson very well all the last campaign, he was in the
<persName id="t17480420-22-person252"> Welch Fuzileers
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person252" type="surname" value="Fuzileers"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person252" type="given" value="Welch"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person252" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> ; the first time I saw him in England was, when the quarrel happened.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. When was that?</p>
<p>Waddington. On Tuesday the 5th of April, at Brown's coffee-house, in Covent-Garden; Mr. Laverick came in and spoke to Mrs. Brown, and said something that I did not hear, and turned and went out again; and when he came in again, Dawson said he was a man of more honour, than to cast reflections upon a gentleman, and not to maintain it; and Dawson said to Laverick, I gave you my sword to defend yourself, but you would not, I desire you would never be seen in my company hereafter; upon that, Laverick called Dawson a silly puppy, or something like that; upon that Dawson took his sword in his hand in the scabbard, and struck him on the head with it, and cut his head with the hilt, and they had a little struggle, but we separated them, and there was no challenge that night; I put Mr. Dawson into a chair immediately, and sent him home.</p>
<p>Q. Was Captain Dawson a quiet man, or otherwise?</p>
<p>Waddington. I never knew him in any quarrel, though I was with him all the campaign; he was always reckoned a very good natured man.</p>
<p>Q. Was Priswick at the coffee-house then?</p>
<p>Waddington. No.</p>
<p>The cross examination.</p>
<p>Pris. coun. You say Captain Dawson and Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person253"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person253" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person253" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> were in company?</p>
<p>Waddington. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What regiment was Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person254"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person254" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person254" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> in?</p>
<p>Waddington. I was told he was in the Old Buffs.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know any thing of what happened on the 12th of April?</p>
<p>Waddington. I know nothing but what happened that night.</p>
<p>Q. You say Captain Dawson said to Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person255"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person255" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person255" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> , I gave you my sword to defend yourself, but you would not; what, do you think he gave him his sword to fight a duel?</p>
<p>Waddington. There was a quarrel between Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person256"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person256" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person256" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> and Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person257"> Roach
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person257" type="given" value="Roach"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person257" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , as I was informed, I was not there then.</p>
<p>Q. I think you said something as if Captain Dawson insulted Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person258"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person258" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person258" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> on the account of cowardice?</p>
<p>Waddington. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When Capt. Dawson struck him on the head on account of calling him puppy, did not Capt. Laverick bear this quietly, or did he then express any inclination to quarrel, or to take a challenge?</p>
<p>Waddington. There were a few words passed. and I saw Laverick five days afterwards, and he had no thoughts of fighting, for he said he had not heard any thing from Dawson, so he thought it was all over.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think Capt. Laverick had any inclination to it?</p>
<p>Waddington. I believe he had not, at that time, any inclination to fight on the account of that thing; for if Laverick had any inclination to call Dawson to an account, he would have done it before five days.</p>
<p>Q. Was not Mr. Dawson always reckoned a man of very nice honour?</p>
<p>Waddington. Yes, and so they ought to be.</p>
<p>Q. But there is a difference between honour here and honour in the field?</p>
<p>Waddington. There is so.</p>
<p>Q. Was there any resentment after this affront from Capt. Laverick to Capt. Dawson?</p>
<p>Waddington. He did not talk of any resentment, after Dawson was sent away in the chair.</p>
<p>Mrs. Darkin Sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Dawson?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes, I have known him a great while.</p>
<p>Q. I think you keep a coffeehouse in Tavistock-Row, Covent-Garden.</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Has Mr. Laverick lain there?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Recollect whether there was not a quarrel there?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes there was.</p>
<p>Q. Give an account of it to my Lord and the Jury.</p>
<p>Darkin. On Monday the fifth of April -</p>
<p>Q. to Capt. Waddington. Was this on Monday or Tuesday?</p>
<p>Waddington. It was Tuesday in Passion Week.</p>
<p>The great Length of many extraordinary Trials this Sessions makes it absolutely necessary to publish them in two Numbers, the latter of which, with the remaining Part of this Trial, will be published in a few Days.</p>
<div1 type="frontMatter" id="t17480420-22">
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200021"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery FOR THE CITY of LONDON; And also the Goal Delivery for the County of MIDDLESEX,</p>
<p>On WEDNESDAY the 20th, THURSDAY the 21st, FRIDAY the 22d, and SATURDAY the 23d of April.</p>
<p>In the 21st Year of His MAJESTY's Reign.</p>
<p>BEING THE Fourth SESSIONS in the MAYORALTY of the</p>
<p>Rt. Honble Sir
<persName id="t17480420-22-person259"> Robert Ladbroke
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person259" type="surname" value="Ladbroke"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person259" type="given" value="Robert"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person259" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Knt. LORD-MAYOR of the CITY of LONDON.</p>
<p>Printed, and sold by M. COOPER, at the Globe in Pater-noster Row. 1748.</p>
<p>[Price Sixpence.]</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200022"/>THE PROCEEDINGS ON THE</p>
<p>King's Commissions of the Peace, Oyer and Terminer, and Goal Delivery held for the City of London, &c.</p> </div1>
<p>The Trial of Mr. Laverick and Mr. Priswick continued, from Page 140.</p>
<p>Darkin. ON Tuesday the fifth of April, at night, the two Prisoners at the bar, Mr. Dawson, Mrs. Phillips, and me, were at the Crown Tavern on Ludgate Hill, and we came home about eleven or twelve at night; Mrs. Phillips and Mr. Dawson went out, and Mr. Dawson came in with his sword in his hand, and said, Laverick is a rascal and a scoundrel, but I have broke his head, and that is enough for me. About quarter of an hour afterwards Mr. Laverick came in with a black eye, and his head cut down, and Laverick said, Dawson has broke my head when I am drunk, but I will break his when I am sober; and I never heard him mention it to Mr. Dawson afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you mean before the next quarrel?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Was that the day before the duel?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes, I was at the play, and my servant sent for me from the play.</p>
<p>Jury. What day of the month was this?</p>
<p>Darkin. Tuesday, the 12th of April, Mr. Laverick went from my house to the play, and came to my house again; when I came from the play no body was there at all.</p>
<p>Q. Well then, who came in first?</p>
<p>Darkin. As I was speaking to my servant in came Mr. Dawson, and he said to me, how came Laverick to say he would cane me? he is a rascal and a scoundrel; and I never heard Mr. Laverick mention his name. I said to Mr. Dawson, you may call Mr. Laverick what names you please, for I shall never trouble myself about it; and Mr. Laverick said you have used me ill before a great many gentlemen, when I was so drunk, that I was not able to defend myself, and Dawson talked of fighting; Mr. Laverick said he did not love to fight in a coffee-house, and Dawson said he would fight him now; Mr. Laverick said he had no sword, and Mr. Dawson put his sword into his hand, and said, take mine and I will get another; and Laverick took the sword and threw it out of doors, and said, you puppy, do you think I have nothing to do but to fight you? I will not fight : Upon that Mr. Dawson struck him across the head, and said, I find you will not fight, take that then. They went out of doors, and staid about a couple of minutes, and when they came in again Mr. Dawson said to Mr. Laverick, Sir, remember you are to meet me at twelve o'clock to-morrow at George's coffeehouse, and Mr. Laverick said he would; and Mr. Dawson said, if he did not come according to promise, he would post him for a rascal and a scoundrel; then Mr. Dawson went out immediately. Mr. Priswick came in between twelve and one o'clock, and went up stairs into the company where Mr. Laverick was, and Mr. Laverick said to Mr. Priswick, Dawson has challenged me to fight, and Priswick said he would go with him and be his second; Mr. Laverick said there is no occasion for that, for I do not know that Mr. Dawson has a second; Mr. Laverick said, I believe we shall only frighten one another, we shall not fight, for you lost my sword two days ago, and Mr. Priswick said you shall have my sword; Mr. Laverick took it in his hand, and said he would not have it for all the world, for it is cut and thrust.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200023"/>Q. Did Mr. Priswick use any endeavours to distuade him from it?</p>
<p>Darkin. It was time to go to bed, and I heard no more of it.</p>
<p>Q. Was you up when they left your house?</p>
<p>Darkin. I was not.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Priswick use to lie at your house before?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes.</p>
<p>The cross examination.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Was not Capt. Dawson young?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes, he was.</p>
<p>Q. And was not he very warm in his temper?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes; he used a great many provoking expressions, both before Mr. Laverick's face and behind his back.</p>
<p>Q. After Capt. Dawson left your house, what was the first thing Mr. Laverick said about the duel?</p>
<p>Darkin. Fighting, fighting, I don't love this fighting; we must frighten one another, or I shall be kicked about the street.</p>
<p>Q. Do you apprehend that Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person260"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person260" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person260" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> had the least inclination to fighting, on account of that quarrel at your house?</p>
<p>Darkin. I believe he never had any thought of it, and when they went out, I said there would be another drunken day.</p>
<p>Q. When Mr. Priswick came in, did not Mr. Laverick still talk of frightening one another?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes. He said to Mr. Priswick, they must frighten one another.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember any particular expression that Mr. Priswick used about going with him?</p>
<p>Darkin. He said he would go, for he was both their friends.</p>
<p>Q. Did you from what passed that night, apprehend there would be any show of fighting the next day?</p>
<p>Darkin. I did not believe there was any show of fighting.</p>
<p>Q. What time did Captain Dawson go away?</p>
<p>Darkin. He went away about eleven, and Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person261"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person261" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person261" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> went to bed at twelve.</p>
<p>Q. Did he talk any thing of the duel?</p>
<p>Darkin. He said, he must keep up the show of it, in order to show his honour.</p>
<p>Q. Was Mr. Priswick well acquainted with Captain Dawson?</p>
<p>Darkin. I know Mr. Priswick was acquainted with Captain Dawson, for they were countrymen, and Mr. Priswick always expressed a regard to Mr. Dawson.</p>
<p>Q. Did not Mr. Priswick and Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person262"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person262" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person262" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> both lie in your house the night before the duel?</p>
<p>Darkin. Yes.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person263"> Elizabeth White
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person263" type="surname" value="White"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person263" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person263" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the crown. Did you know Captain Dawson?</p>
<p>White. Yes, I have known him about two months.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>White. I am servant to Mrs. Darkin.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know of this matter?</p>
<p>White. Last Tuesday was sev'night, after I was in bed, Mr. Dawson came into Mrs. Darkin's coffee-house about ten o'clock at night, and asked for that scoundrel rascal, Laverick.</p>
<p>Q. What regiment did Mr. Laverick belong to?</p>
<p>White. He belonged to the Old Buffs. Eliz. Jones came to me and desired me to get up, for she was afraid there was going to be some damage done; I sent away immediately to the play to my mistress; and I said to Capt. Dawson, I was sorry to see him in a passion, (for I never saw him in one before;) and he said; if I was impertinent he would kick me; and when my mistress came in from the play, Mr. Dawson asked my mistress how she could say such and such things, and he asked again where that scoundrel rascal, Laverick was, for he said, he was come with that resolution, that he should either have his life, or he would have Laverick's life; I sent to the play to desire Mr. Laverick not to come to Mrs. Darkin's, for fear there should be some further damage, but I believe the messenger did not deliver the message right, for he did come; Mr. Dawson went out and came back again before Mr. Laverick came, and Mr. Laverick asked Mr. Dawson how he did, and Mr. Dawson asked Mr. Laverick, how he could presume to say that he would cane him the first time he saw him; and Mr. Laverick said, he never said any such thing, and he did not know what he meant; and Mr. Dawson struck Mr. Laverick over the face, and there were some blows given on both sides; and Mr. Laverick said to Mr. Dawson, I have enough of this, this is usage I don't understand; upon which they both went out of the door, but what they did I can't say; and when they came back, Mr. Dawson said to Mr. Laverick, remember you are to meet me to-morrow, at twelve o'clock, at George's coffee-house, which Mr. Laverick said he would; and Mr. Laverick said he would meet Mr. Dawson if he insisted upon it. I forgot to tell you, that when they talked about fighting, Mr. Laverick said to Mr. Dawson he could not fight him, for he had never a sword,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200024"/> and Mr. Dawson offered to lend him his sword that night, and Mr. Laverick took it and threw it out of doors.</p>
<p>Q. Was you there when Mr. Priswick came in?</p>
<p>White. I was in bed.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it when he came in?</p>
<p>White. About half an hour after twelve: and I heard Eliz. Jones say to Mr. Priswick, that Mr. Dawson and Mr. Laverick had some words, and that there was a challenge between them, and Priswick said, by G - I am glad of it, I will go along with them. Mr. Dawson went away about eleven o'clock, and I never saw him since.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Priswick stay there all night?</p>
<p>White. He lives there; Mr. Priswick boarded at our house; Mr. Laverick lives at the Blue Boar Inn, in Holbourn.</p>
<p>Q. When they went from your house, did they go in a coach?</p>
<p>White. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Who called the coach?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person264"> Elizabeth Bowman
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person264" type="surname" value="Bowman"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person264" type="given" value="Elizabeth"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person264" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. When Mr. Laverick and Mr. Priswick went out of your house, did you think they were going about this challenge?</p>
<p>White. I thought they were going to meet Mr. Dawson at George's coffee-house.</p>
<p>Q. What time was that?</p>
<p>White. About eleven o'clock.</p>
<p>Q. Did not they go to meet Mr. Dawson?</p>
<p>White. I believe they went to meet Mr. Dawson, but I did not think any thing of a fight.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person265"> Susanna Phillips
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person265" type="surname" value="Phillips"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person265" type="given" value="Susanna"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person265" type="gender" value="female"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the crown. Where do you live?</p>
<p>Phillips. In Spring Garden.</p>
<p>Q. Do you keep the bagnio there?</p>
<p>Phillips. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. Did Captain Dawson lodge at your house?</p>
<p>Phillips. He used to be pretty much at it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know Mr. Laverick and Mr. Priswick?</p>
<p>Phillips. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. When was Mr. Dawson at your house?</p>
<p>Phillips. Mr. Dawson lay at my house the night before this thing happened, and told me what had happened at Brown's coffee-house.</p>
<p>Q. Do you mean what happened the night before he was killed, or the first night?</p>
<p>Phillips. The first night, the fifth of April.</p>
<p>Q. Give an account what you know concerning this duel.</p>
<p>Phillips. Mr. Dawson was to have gone from my house the next day.</p>
<p>Q. What he lodged at your house?</p>
<p>Phillips. Yes; but he said he would not go till he saw whether Mr. Laverick would fight him, for he said Mr. Laverick may raise a report that I would not fight him; and Mr. Dawson said, he believed it was all over, for if Mr. Laverick had a mind to fight him, he should have heard from him before now.</p>
<p>Q. What do you know about Mr. Priswick?</p>
<p>Phillips. Mr. Priswick came, and said, Mr. Dawson, will you go? said I, Mr. Dawson, will you go? he said he would; and I said he should not go out with Mr. Priswick, till I knew what he went for.</p>
<p>Q. What happened then?</p>
<p>Phillips. Mr. Priswick said to Mr. Dawson, Mr. Laverick says, if ever he meets you he will cane you; but, says Mr. Priswick, do not tell him that I told you; and he said he believed Mr. Laverick would be at Mrs. Darkin's, and said, I would have you go to see whether he will cane you or not; I said, Mr. Priswick, it is wrong in you to promote a quarrel, for Mr. Laverick knows where to find Mr. Dawson, and if he was to go to strike him again, he would be counted a quarrelsome man; says Mr. Dawson, What does that rascal say he will cane me? if he does, I shall be the first of the family that ever was caned: I persuaded him not to go out, and he said, to oblige you I will not go; and Mr. Priswick said, then you will not go, and Mr. Dawson said he would not; and Mr. Priswick said, then we will not go, and went away.</p>
<p>Q. What happened the night before the duel was fought?</p>
<p>Phillips. The night before the duel Mr. Dawson went out about ten and came home about twelve; and he said he had been at Darkin's, and that he had knocked Laverick down; and he said, I am very well satisfied, for I have received satisfaction enough. By this I thought the thing was all over, and Dawson lay at my house that night, and ordered his servant to be with him at nine o'clock, and he went out very unconcerned the next morning; I bid my man go out and follow him, and come and tell me where he went.</p>
<p>Q. You say you sent your servant to see where he went, had you any apprehension of any damage?</p>
<p>Phillips. No, none at all; I asked where he was going, and he said he would not tell me; and as he had ordered his man to come at nine
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200025"/> o'clock in the morning, I thought he was going from my house. I never saw Mr. Dawson in such spirits in my life, as he had when he went out.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. When Priswick said, upon your interposition, then we will not go, did Mr. Dawson seem pleased or displeased?</p>
<p>Phillips. I do not remember.</p>
<p>Q. Did you give the same account before the Coroner's Jury as you do now.</p>
<p>Phillips. I think I gave the same account as I do now.</p>
<p>Mr. Sledger, surgeon, sworn.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. I suppose you examined the wound, give an account what you observed.</p>
<p>Sledge. On Wednesday the 13th of April a person came to me, and desired I would go along with him, for there was a duel, and they were both wounded, and he believed one would be dead before I got there; I went to Mr. Laverick first, his coat was unbuttoned, and the breast of his shirt was bloody, and he desired me to go to the other gentleman first and dress him, for he wanted me more than he did; and he asked how Mr. Dawson did, I told him he was dead, and Mr. Laverick said, Is he dead that I loved so much? I found there was a necessity of opening Mr. Laverick's wound, which I did.</p>
<p>Q. Did Mr. Laverick say any thing to Mr. Priswick?</p>
<p>Sledge. He said, I believe you might have prevented this unhappy accident, if you had said something in the coach, which neither of us could do, and Mr. Priswick said, what could I do?</p>
<p>Q. Was this the occasion of his death?</p>
<p>Sledge. I apprehend it was the occasion of his death.</p>
<p>Q. Recollect whether there was any thing else said by Mr. Laverick as if he blamed Mr. Priswick?</p>
<p>Sledge. Mr. Laverick said to Mr. Priswick, if you had come up when I received my wound, in all probability Dawson would have been alive, and you might have prevented this unhappy accident; and Mr Priswick said, what could one man do between two men with swords?</p>
<p>The cross examination.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. You say, Mr. Laverick was so tender of Mr. Dawson, that he would not let you dress his wound first, but would have you go to Mr. Dawson and assist him.</p>
<p>Sledge. Yes; and when I told him Mr. Dawson was dead, he expressed a concern, and said, Is he dead that I loved so well?</p>
<p>Q. And was not he much concerned about it?</p>
<p>Sledge. He always was all the time I attended him.</p>
<p>Q. Was not Mr. Priswick as much concerned?</p>
<p>Sledge. I believe he was.</p>
<p>Q. Might not a person be wounded while he is fighting, and not be sensible of it immediately?</p>
<p>Sledge. Yes, unless it goes into the cavity, and then it may be some time before it is discovered.</p>
<p>The Prisoners defence.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person266"> James Johnson
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person266" type="surname" value="Johnson"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person266" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person266" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Who was the person that was in the field with you when this affair happened?</p>
<p>Johnson. One Squires; but I did not know his name till afterwards.</p>
<p>Q. Give an account of what you know of this affair.</p>
<p>Johnson. When I came first into the field, I saw three gentlemen come from Southampton-Row, and went by the Duke of Bedford's Wall towards Montague House, and then I saw these three gentlemen go towards Tottenham-Court, and they got into the third field; and one of them turned back to a man that followed them, and the other two went on, and he that came on spoke to that man.</p>
<p>Q. What distance were the two gentlemen, when they drew their swords, from the other gentleman?</p>
<p>Johnson. I believe about one hundred or one hundred and fifty yards; and when they had drawn their swords Mr. Priswick made a beck to me with his hand, and run towards them himself; but I apprehend that one of the gentlemen was wounded before he or I got up, and when Mr. Priswick got up to them they were both down, and when they were up, went immediately to fighting again; and Mr. Priswick endeavoured to beat their swords down with his right hand, and took their swords out of their hands; Mr. Dawson fell down backwards, Mr. Priswick went to speak to Dawson, and I said I believed he was dying, and he said Oh! or O dear! Mr. Priswick left Mr. Dawson, and went to assist Mr. Laverick; Mr. Laverick went to Mr. Dawson, and said, for God's sake, Dawson, speak, and I said I believed the gentleman would never speak any more; and then a surgeon was sent for.</p>
<p>Witnesses to the character of Capt. Laverick.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person267"> Francis Partridge
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person267" type="surname" value="Partridge"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person267" type="given" value="Francis"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person267" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I am an innholder, and keep
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200026"/> the Blue Boar in Holborn. I have known Mr. Laverick from September last.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Is he a mild good natured man or a passionate gentleman?</p>
<p>Partridge. I never saw any thing of it, he never had a quarrel in my house, and always behaved himself extreamly well. He lodged in my house.</p>
<p>Q. When did he come to lodge with you?</p>
<p>Partridge. The 19th of December last.</p>
<p>Mr. Martin. I have known Mr. Laverick since February or March was twelvemonth; he was in the Old Buffs, and was quartered at Lancaster. I was three months there, and during that time he behaved very peaceably and quietly, and never had a quarrel there; and I was frequently in his company.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person268"> Thomas Dunis
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person268" type="surname" value="Dunis"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person268" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person268" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Laverick about four months.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. What is his character, is he a peaceable man or a quarrelsome man?</p>
<p>Dunis. He is very far from a passionate man, and is very civil in company, I never knew him to quarrel in my life.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person269"> John Senhouse
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person269" type="surname" value="Senhouse"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person269" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person269" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known the Prisoner about fourteen years.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Has his behaviour been as a quarrelsome person?</p>
<p>Senhouse. No, far from it: My first acquaintance with him was when he was a school-boy, and since he has come to man's estate I never heard any thing against him; I have very often been in his company, and found him to be a very peaceable man.</p>
<p>The Revd. Mr. Hughes (chaplain to the regiment of Old Buffs.) Mr. Laverick did belong to our regiment; I have known him about two years.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. What has his behaviour been, quiet and peaceable, or what?</p>
<p>Hughes. He is a very good natured man; I never heard that he was addicted to quarrel.</p>
<p>Mr. Jefferson. I have known Mr. Laverick fifteen or sixteen years, and he is a man of a very good temper.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Do you think he would promote a quarrel?</p>
<p>Jefferson. He is quite of a different temper.</p>
<p>Q. Has he the character of a peaceable man?</p>
<p>Jefferson. Yes, from all his acquaintance.</p>
<p>Witnesses to the character of Mr. Priswick.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person270"> Zachary Moore
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person270" type="surname" value="Moore"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person270" type="given" value="Zachary"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person270" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; I live in Brook street, Grosvenor-Square.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Do you know Mr. Priswick?</p>
<p>Moore. I know his father, who is a very worthy gentleman of our county, the county of York; and I have heard that the Prisoner has behaved very well, and has a good character.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think he is a person of that temper, that he is capable of doing any such thing as has been laid to his charge?</p>
<p>Moore. I do not think he is.</p>
<p>Coun. for the Crown. Do you speak this from any knowledge of the gentleman?</p>
<p>Moore. I have heard that he has a very good character, as a peaceable man.</p>
<p>Mr. Mackglashan (a surgeon.) I have known Mr Priswick five years.</p>
<p>Q. Have you seen him pretty often in that time?</p>
<p>Mackglashan. When he was in England I have, and I always took him to be a peaceable man, and a sober man, aud never apt to quarrel; and I am sure he is not addicted to drinking.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person271"> Walter Maitland
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person271" type="surname" value="Maitland"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person271" type="given" value="Walter"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person271" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Priswick ever since April last, when I was appointed a petty officer in the Defiance, which Capt. Granville commanded; I was perfectly acquainted with him for two months, and I never saw him inclined to quarrel, and he has put up with some severe usage rather than quarrel.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Pray, as he would not fight himself, do you think he takes pains to get other people to quarrel and fight duels?</p>
<p>Maitland. I do not; his general character from all that know him is, that of a peaceable good natured man.</p>
<p>Q. What was you on board?</p>
<p>Maitland. I was teacher of navigation.</p>
<p>Q. What was Mr. Priswick?</p>
<p>Maitland. He was a midshipman, and was wounded in the engagement.</p>
<p>Mr. Hind. I have known Mr. Priswick twelve months, and I never saw him addicted to quarrel in my life.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. Do you think he is a person that would go with messages, or even invent messages, to promote a quarrel?</p>
<p>Hind. No; but I believe if it was in his power to prevent a quarrel he would.</p>
<p>Mr. Sutton. I have known the Prisoner these three years, and he is a very peaceable quiet man.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person272"> James Lowry
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person272" type="surname" value="Lowry"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person272" type="given" value="James"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person272" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Priswick five months, and his character and behaviour are extream good; he is a sober peaceable young man,
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200027"/> and I believe if he could prevent a quarrel he would.</p>
<p>Mr. Hotham. I knew Mr. Priswick a school-boy; I was with him two years at one school, and since we were men we renewed our acquaintance. I was much surprised at this when I heard it, and would not believe it, and took it to be another person, because his temper and behaviour was always quite the reverse.</p>
<p>Mr. Barlow. I was some time at school with him in Yorkshire, and he always was a quiet good natured lad. I have seen him a little inclinable to liquor, but he was always peaceable, and never inclinable to quarrel, or promote quarrels, but quite the reverse.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-22-person273"> John Webb
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person273" type="surname" value="Webb"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person273" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person273" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> . I have known Mr. Priswick since last November; he is as quiet peaceable a man as ever I was in company with in my life; and he would sit down with the loss of money rather than have any quarrel.</p>
<p>Mr. Plaice. I was at school with him at Beverley, in Yorkshire, and he was always peaceable, and keeps the same disposition now, as he had when he was a school-boy. He could not be capable of doing any such thing.</p>
<p>The council for the Prisoner observed, that it appeared very plain, that Captain Dawson had given Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person274"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person274" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person274" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> many provocations to fight, and that Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person275"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person275" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person275" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> had often declined it, and did not seem to have any inclination to perpetrate such a design; that their putting up their swords and shaking hands, is a strong evidence of a reconciliation. And as to Mr. Priswick, his running up to them as fast as he could, after he saw their swords were drawn, carries a strong presumption that he did it with a design to prevent the mischief that was likely to ensue; and that though Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person276"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person276" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person276" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName> had the misfortune to kill his friend, he hoped that his lordship would not take this to be murder in the eye of the law, and left it to his lordship's consideration*.</p>
<p>* The council for the Prisoner cited the case of Maugrige and Cope, and the case of Oneby and Gawler; on which the council for the crown in reply, made some observations, and quoted Hale's history of the crown, vol. 452.</p>
<p>The council for the crown replied, that he was unwilling to reply in a case of this nature, but only to do his duty to his client, and in regard to the publick, that he did not doubt but his lordship would call this murder in the eye of the law. For only give this the name of a duel, and then according to the wild notion of people. men may get off with impunity : that he spoke it with deference to the court, that if two persons quarrel on a sudden, and their blood is up, and one kills the other, it is not murder, but homicide, or manslaughter; but if there was time for them to cool and recollect, and one kills the other, then he must take the punishment which the law inflicts upon murder; and if Mr. Priswick was aiding and assisting in this, he is equally guilty with the other; and that it is murder, and left it to the consideration of his lordship and the jury, what part Mr. Priswick has taken in this affair.</p>
<p>The jury found Captain
<persName id="t17480420-22-person277"> Laverick
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person277" type="given" value="Laverick"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-person277" type="gender" value="indeterminate"/> </persName>
<rs id="t17480420-22-verdict141" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-22-verdict141" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-verdict141" type="verdictSubcategory" value="manslaughter"/> guilty of manslaughter </rs>, and
<rs id="t17480420-22-verdict142" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-22-verdict142" type="verdictCategory" value="notGuilty"/> acquitted </rs> Mr. Priswick.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-22-punish143" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-22-punish143" type="punishmentCategory" value="miscPunish"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-22-punish143" type="punishmentSubcategory" value="branding"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-22-defend221 t17480420-22-punish143"/>
<note>[Branding. See summary.]</note> </rs> </p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-23">
<interp inst="t17480420-23" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-23-off146-c233" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-23-defend279 t17480420-23-off146 t17480420-23-verdict149"/>
<p>205. +
<persName id="t17480420-23-defend279" type="defendantName"> Arthur Gray
<interp inst="t17480420-23-defend279" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-defend279" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-defend279" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , late of
<placeName id="t17480420-23-defloc144">Hawkhurst in the county of Kent</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-defloc144" type="placeName" value="Hawkhurst in the county of Kent"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-defloc144" type="type" value="defendantHome"/>
<join result="persNamePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-23-defend279 t17480420-23-defloc144"/>,
<rs id="t17480420-23-deflabel145" type="occupation">labourer</rs>
<join result="persNameOccupation" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-23-defend279 t17480420-23-deflabel145"/>, was indicted for that
<rs id="t17480420-23-off146" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-23-off146" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-off146" type="offenceSubcategory" value="taxOffences"/> he, together with divers other malefactors, disturbers of the peace of our Sovereign Lord the King, to wit; to the number of seven persons, whose names are unknown, after the 24th of June, in the nineteenth year of his Majesty's reign, to wit, on the
<rs id="t17480420-23-cd147" type="crimeDate">13th day of August, 1746</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-23-off146 t17480420-23-cd147"/>, at the parish
<placeName id="t17480420-23-crimeloc148">of Lyd, in the county of Kent</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-crimeloc148" type="placeName" value="of Lyd, in the county of Kent"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-crimeloc148" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-23-off146 t17480420-23-crimeloc148"/>, did, with fire-arms, and other offensive weapons, riotously, unlawfully, and feloniously assemble themselves together, in order to be aiding and assisting in the running, landing, and carrying away uncustomed goods, and goods liable to pay duties, which had not been paid </rs>, or secured in defiance and contempt of the King and his laws, to the evil example of all others; against the peace of the King, his crown and dignity; and against the form of the statute, in that case made and provided.</p>
<p>King's Coun. May it please your lordship, and you gentlemen of the jury. The Prisoner,
<persName id="t17480420-23-person280"> Arthur Gray
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person280" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person280" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person280" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , is indicted upon an act of parliament made in the nineteenth year of his present Majesty, and which the legislature were forced to make; and the occasion of this was, a set of lawless people setting the government at defiance, and putting the people in danger of their lives; this being carried to a great height, and all the means that were used to support it proving ineffectual, the legislature made an act, whereby it is enacted, that after the 24th of June, 1746, if any persons, to the number of three or more, armed with fire-arms, shall assemble themselves together, in order to be aiding and assisting in running, landing, and carrying away uncustomed goods, they shall be guilty of felony, without benefit of the clergy; and there
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200028"/> was another necessary provision in this act; (this practice was got to such a height, that the magistrates dared not to put the laws in execution) and it is enacted, that the offenders may be tried in other countries, that the magistrates and other juries might not be afraid of putting the laws in execution. The Prisoner at the bar, as you will hear from the witnesses, has made himself extremely famous in this way; there is a gang called the Hawkhurst gang, which have been a terror to the neighbourhood, and he has been the principal leader in this gang. This is an offence committed on the 13th of August, 1746, and it will be proved to you, that he, together with several others, to the number of eight, nine, or ten, armed with carbines, and other offensive weapons, went to the sea-side and landed tea, which they put into oil-skin bags, and put them over the horses backs in canvas bags; and this is their constant way of running this tea; but tea legally brought, is never brought in these sort of bags, and the witnesses could not possibly mistake the Prisoner; he was so very well known in that country, and they saw him leading and driving fourteen or fifteen horses. Here are several witnesses to these facts, which cannot be contradicted, and I believe it will appear to you, that it is very happy that he is likely to be brought to justice. Call
<persName id="t17480420-23-person281"> John Pelham
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person281" type="surname" value="Pelham"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person281" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person281" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<persName id="t17480420-23-person282"> John Pelham
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person282" type="surname" value="Pelham"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person282" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person282" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Look at the Prisoner, do you know him?</p>
<p>Pelham. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What is his name?</p>
<persName id="t17480420-23-person283"> Arthur Gray
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person283" type="surname" value="Gray"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person283" type="given" value="Arthur"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person283" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> .</p>
<p>Q. Did you ever see him concerned in running and landing uncustomed goods?</p>
<p>Pelham. I was a fishing, and saw him on the 13th of March 1746: I saw him between
<persName id="t17480420-23-person284"> Denny Marsh
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person284" type="surname" value="Marsh"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person284" type="given" value="Denny"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person284" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Jeuscut.</p>
<p>Q. How many persons were there?</p>
<p>Pelham. To the number of eight or nine; there were that number I am positive.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it?</p>
<p>Pelham. Between four and five in the morning.</p>
<p>Q. In what manner did he appear?</p>
<p>Pelham. The Prisoner was armed with a blunderbuss or a carbine.</p>
<p>Q. Had he pistols?</p>
<p>Pelham. I did not see any pistols, but holsters I saw.</p>
<p>Q. Were the others armed that were with him?</p>
<p>Pelham. They were all armed.</p>
<p>Q. To what purpose were they assembled?</p>
<p>Pelham. In order to the running of goods.</p>
<p>Q. What did you see them do?</p>
<p>Pelham. I saw them load the horses with casks and oil-skin bags.</p>
<p>Q. How many horses might they lead?</p>
<p>Pelham. I believe there might be fourteen or fifteen.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you was not curious enough to examine what was in the oil-skin bags?</p>
<p>Pelham. No.</p>
<p>Q. What do you think was in those bags?</p>
<p>Pelham. Tea. That is the way of running tea.</p>
<p>Q. What do you apprehend was in the casks?</p>
<p>Pelham. Uncustomed brandy.</p>
<p>Q. What place did they go to afterwards?</p>
<p>Pelham. I saw the Prisoner and them going all together towards Lyd.</p>
<p>Q. Are you sure the Prisoner was there?</p>
<p>Pelham. I am certain he was.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any vessel along the shore?</p>
<p>Pelham. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What size was the vessel of?</p>
<p>Pelham. I am not certain what size, but I believe it was about forty tons.</p>
<p>Q. Did you go by the vessel before these goods were put on shore?</p>
<p>Pehlam. I cannot say that.</p>
<p>Q. Can you tell what goods there were on shore then?</p>
<p>Pelham. I cannot tell.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see the goods before they were put upon the horses backs?</p>
<p>Pelham. I saw the goods both before and after they were put upon the horses backs.</p>
<p>Q. Do you live in Kent?</p>
<p>Pelham. Yes; I was born and bred there.</p>
<p>Q. What is the general package of these goods?</p>
<p>Pelham. In oil-skin bags.</p>
<p>Q. Are you able to say what was in these bags from your own inspection?</p>
<p>Pelham. I was not near enough to see that.</p>
<p>Q. Were these fourteen or fifteen horses all drove or rode upon?</p>
<p>Pelham. Some were rode on and some were drove.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see any goods taken out of the vessel?</p>
<p>Pelham. I cannot say I did.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. on cross examination. How near was you to the place where you saw these goods loading?</p>
<p>Pelham. About twenty rods.</p>
<p>Q. Can you say the Prisoner was among them?</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200029"/>Pelham. Yes, because the Prisoner rode by me as near as I am to that gentleman. [meaning my Lord Chief Justice.]</p>
<p>Q. Was the Prisoner armed?</p>
<p>Pelham. They were all armed.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know that this was on the 13th of August?</p>
<p>Pelham. Because when we sell our fish, we set down the day of the month.</p>
<p>Q. Have you your book here?</p>
<p>Pelham. No.</p>
<p>Q. What do you always make memorandums when you go a fishing?</p>
<p>Pelham. Yes, and this was the last day I went a fishing.</p>
<p>Q. Did you make any memorandum of seeing the Prisoner in this act that you speak of?</p>
<p>Pelham. No.</p>
<p>Q. What is the reason of your remembering this then?</p>
<p>Pelham. Because it was the last day I went a fishing.</p>
<p>Q. When did you discover this?</p>
<p>Pelham. Last Sessions.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you not do this before?</p>
<p>Pelham. I did not know it.</p>
<p>Q. You must know this before. How came you to keep this a secret for a year and a half? did not you think it your duty to give an account of this to a Magistrate as soon you knew it?</p>
<p>Pelham. Yes, but I had no opportunity, for I could not get any body to take my information.</p>
<p>Q. Do you set down every time you go a fishing, or only the last day?</p>
<p>Pelham. Every day.</p>
<p>Sol. Gen. Have you any doubt of your seeing the Prisoner when you saw this gang?</p>
<p>Pelham. I am very certain of it.</p>
<p>Q. Do you think it was usual, in this year 1746, for people to go directly to a Magistrate, and give an information?</p>
<p>Pelham. No, if they did, they would have enough to do.</p>
<p>Q. How many gangs have you seen?</p>
<p>Pelham. Forty to be sure.</p>
<p>Prisoner. What clothes had I on?</p>
<p>Pelham. Such a frock as you have now; I cannot say it was exactly the same colour.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have not wore a frock these five years. What wig had I on?</p>
<p>Pelham. A light wig.</p>
<p>Prisoner. You never saw me there.</p>
<p>Humphry Haddon sworn.</p>
<p>Q. Do you know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Haddon. Yes; I have seen him many a time.</p>
<p>Q. How did you come to know the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Haddon. I lived a servant at the George Inn in Lyd.</p>
<p>Q. Can you mention any particular time when you saw the Prisoner?</p>
<p>Haddon. Yes; on the 13th of August, 1746, I saw him with seven or eight more, and there were fourteen or fifteen horses.</p>
<p>Q. Were the horses loaded?</p>
<p>Haddon. Yes.</p>
<p>Q. What did you take them to be loaded with?</p>
<p>Haddon. With tea and brandy.</p>
<p>Q. Why did you take it to be so?</p>
<p>Haddon. Because it was the way they used to bring the tea and brandy; I have helped them down with it many a time?</p>
<p>Q. Was the Prisoner armed?</p>
<p>Haddon. He had a blunderbuss on his shoulder.</p>
<p>Q. What time of the year was this?</p>
<p>Haddon. I was driving a load of corn in a team, and was forced to go out of the way for them, and I think they went farther into the country.</p>
<p>Q. I suppose you are always very civil to them, and give them the way?</p>
<p>Haddon. We are forced to it.</p>
<p>Q. What time was this?</p>
<p>Haddon. Between six and seven in the morning, as near as I can guess.</p>
<p>Q. Was it the first or the last time of carrying in corn that year?</p>
<p>Haddon. The first time.</p>
<p>Q. How far is Lyd from the shore?</p>
<p>Haddon. It is computed to be three miles from the
<persName id="t17480420-23-person285"> Marsh Gut
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person285" type="surname" value="Gut"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person285" type="given" value="Marsh"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person285" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> at the shore.</p>
<p>Pris. Coun. on the cross examination. Are you sure this was not in July?</p>
<p>Haddon. I am sure it was not, the corn was all out then.</p>
<p>Q. Do you remember the day of the week?</p>
<p>Haddon. No.</p>
<p>Q. Who did you live with?</p>
<p>Haddon. I lived with
<persName id="t17480420-23-person286"> Thomas Coats
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person286" type="surname" value="Coats"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person286" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person286" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , at the George Inn in Lyd.</p>
<p>Q. Did Gray use to come there?</p>
<p>Haddon. Yes, he brought goods and laid them down while they baited their horses.</p>
<persName id="t17480420-23-person287"> John Polhill
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person287" type="surname" value="Polhill"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person287" type="given" value="John"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person287" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> sworn.</p>
<p>Q. What are you?</p>
<p>Polhill. I am a riding officer.</p>
<xptr type="pageFacsimile" doc="174804200030"/>Q. Then it is your business to look out for the smugglers, give the Court an account when you saw any smugglers.</p>
<p>Polhill. On the 13th of August, 1746, I saw a gang of smugglers go through Lyd.</p>
<p>Q. Which way did they go?</p>
<p>Polhill. I think they went further up into the country.</p>
<p>Q. Did you see their faces?</p>
<p>Polhill. No, I did not.</p>
<p>Q. How do you know it was the 13th of August?</p>
<p>Polhill. Because we minute it.</p>
<p>Q. What time was it?</p>
<p>Polhill. I think it was between six and seven in the morning; they came from the sea towards Lyd.</p>
<p>Sol. Gen. My Lord, we rest it here.</p>
<p>Prisoner. I have not been at Lyd these three years; both these fellows, before they woul d go to work, would take any man's life away for any thing.</p>
<p>Sol. Gen. The Prisoner put off his trial last Session, upon an affidavit, that
<persName id="t17480420-23-person288"> William Bishop
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person288" type="surname" value="Bishop"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person288" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-23-person288" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> and Samel Territ were material witnesses for him, and could not be here then.</p>
<rs id="t17480420-23-verdict149" type="verdictDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-23-verdict149" type="verdictCategory" value="guilty"/> Guilty </rs>
<rs id="t17480420-23-punish150" type="punishmentDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-23-punish150" type="punishmentCategory" value="death"/>
<join result="defendantPunishment" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-23-defend279 t17480420-23-punish150"/> Death </rs>.</p> </div1>
<div1 type="trialAccount" id="t17480420-24">
<interp inst="t17480420-24" type="collection" value="BAILEY"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24" type="year" value="1748"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24" type="uri" value="sessionsPapers/17480420"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24" type="date" value="17480420"/>
<join result="criminalCharge" id="t17480420-24-off151-c243" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-24-defend290 t17480420-24-off151 "/>
<p>206. +
<persName id="t17480420-24-defend290" type="defendantName"> William Rowland , otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-24-alias-6" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-24-defend290 t17480420-24-alias-6"/>Rowlin</rs>, otherwise
<rs id="t17480420-24-alias-7" type="alias">
<join result="nameAlias" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-24-defend290 t17480420-24-alias-7"/>Rowling</rs>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-defend290" type="surname" value="Rowland"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-defend290" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-defend290" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , was indicted upon a suggestion, that he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-24-person291"> William Rowland
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person291" type="surname" value="Rowland"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person291" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person291" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , after the 24th day of June, 1746, to wit, on the 13th day of July, 1747, at the parish of St. Paul, Covent Garden, in the county of Middlesex, was, in due manner charged before
<persName id="t17480420-24-person292"> Thomas Burdus
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person292" type="surname" value="Burdus"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person292" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person292" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; one of his Majesty's justices of the peace for the said county, upon the information of
<persName id="t17480420-24-person293"> William Sealy
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person293" type="surname" value="Sealy"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person293" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person293" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , a credible person, upon oath, that
<rs id="t17480420-24-off151" type="offenceDescription">
<interp inst="t17480420-24-off151" type="offenceCategory" value="royalOffences"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-off151" type="offenceSubcategory" value="taxOffences"/> he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-24-person294"> William Rowland
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person294" type="surname" value="Rowland"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person294" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person294" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , with divers other persons, to the number of three or more, after the 24th day of June, 1746. to wit, on the
<rs id="t17480420-24-cd152" type="crimeDate">20th day of May, 1747</rs>
<join result="offenceCrimeDate" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-24-off151 t17480420-24-cd152"/>, did assemble together at
<placeName id="t17480420-24-crimeloc153">Benacre, in the county of Suffolk</placeName>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-crimeloc153" type="placeName" value="Benacre, in the county of Suffolk"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-crimeloc153" type="type" value="crimeLocation"/>
<join result="offencePlace" targOrder="Y" targets="t17480420-24-off151 t17480420-24-crimeloc153"/>, armed with fire-arms, and other offensive weapons, in order to be aiding and assisting in the running, landing, and carrying away uncustomed goods, &c </rs>. And that he, the said
<persName id="t17480420-24-person295"> Thomas Burdus
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person295" type="surname" value="Burdus"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person295" type="given" value="Thomas"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person295" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , Esq; on the said 13th day of the said month of July, did return the said information to his Grace the Duke of Newcastle, one of his Majesty's principal secretaries of state, who did, as soon as conveniently could be, to wit, on the 7th day of August, 1747, lay the same before his Majesty in his privy council; and that his Majesty, on the said 7th day of August, did make an order in council, requiring and commanding the said
<persName id="t17480420-24-person296"> William Rowland
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person296" type="surname" value="Rowland"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person296" type="given" value="William"/>
<interp inst="t17480420-24-person296" type="gender" value="male"/> </persName> , otherwise Rowlin, otherwise Rowling, and others, in the said order particularly named, to surrender themselves within forty days after the publication of the said order in the London Gazette; and that this order was published in the two next succeeding London Gazettes, to the lord chief justice, or to one other of the justices of the court of King's bench, or to any of his Majesty's justices of the peace; and that this order was transmitted to the sheriff of the county of Suffolk, who, within fourteen days after the receipt thereof, caused the same to be publickly proclaimed on the two next market days, in the publick market places, of Leostoff and Beccles, being the two nearest market towns to the place where this offence was committed, and that the same was fixed up, on the two next market days, in the publick market places of Leostoff and Beccles; and that he, the said William Rowland, has not surrendered himself according to the said order, and therefore the said
<persName id="t17480420-24-person297"> William Rowland
<interp inst="t1